Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Contraceptive devices used by females.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.
Sexual activities of humans.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Methods of contraception in which physical, chemical, or biological means are used to prevent the SPERM from reaching the fertilizable OVUM.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
Individuals requesting induced abortions.
A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
Sexual activities of animals.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Progesterones which have undergone ring contraction or which are lacking carbon 18 or 19.
The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.
Surgical removal of the ductus deferens, or a portion of it. It is done in association with prostatectomy, or to induce infertility. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
An inactive metabolite of PROGESTERONE by reduction at C5, C3, and C20 position. Pregnanediol has two hydroxyl groups, at 3-alpha and 20-alpha. It is detectable in URINE after OVULATION and is found in great quantities in the pregnancy urine.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.
The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
An orally active synthetic progestational hormone used often in combinations as an oral contraceptive.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
Agents, either mechanical or chemical, which destroy spermatozoa in the male genitalia and block spermatogenesis.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
Painful menstruation.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).
The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
Contraceptive devices used by males.
A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.
Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Pathological conditions resulting from abnormal anabolism or catabolism of lipids in the body.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.
An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.
An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Size and composition of the family.
Inspection and PALPATATION of female breasts, abdomen, and GENITALIA, as well as obtaining a gynecological history. (from Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
Former Netherlands overseas territory in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It had included the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius, and the southern part of St. Martin. The Netherlands Antilles dissolved on October 10, 2010. Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten became autonomous territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are under the direct administration of the Netherlands. (From US Department of State, Background Note)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The interactions between parent and child.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.

Women's interest in vaginal microbicides. (1/635)

CONTEXT: Each year, an estimated 15 million new cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, occur in the United States. Women are not only at a disadvantage because of their biological and social susceptibility, but also because of the methods that are available for prevention. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1,000 women aged 18-44 in the continental United States who had had sex with a man in the last 12 months were interviewed by telephone. Analyses identified levels and predictors of women's worry about STDs and interest in vaginal microbicides, as well as their preferences regarding method characteristics. Numbers of potential U.S. microbicide users were estimated. RESULTS: An estimated 21.3 million U.S. women have some potential current interest in using a microbicidal product. Depending upon product specifications and cost, as many as 6.0 million women who are worried about getting an STD would be very interested in current use of a microbicide. These women are most likely to be unmarried and not cohabiting, of low income and less education, and black or Hispanic. They also are more likely to have visited a doctor for STD symptoms or to have reduced their sexual activity because of STDs, to have a partner who had had other partners in the past year, to have no steady partner or to have ever used condoms for STD prevention. CONCLUSIONS: A significant minority of women in the United States are worried about STDs and think they would use vaginal microbicides. The development, testing and marketing of such products should be expedited.  (+info)

Pregnancies averted among U.S. teenagers by the use of contraceptives. (2/635)

CONTEXT: The personal and social costs associated with teenage pregnancy in the United States concern many policymakers and researchers, yet the role of contraception in preventing these pregnancies has not been adequately quantified. METHODS: Published estimates of contraceptive effectiveness were applied to 1995 National Survey of Family Growth data on sexual and contraceptive practices in order to estimate the number of pregnancies averted through the use of contraceptives by U.S. teenagers. Four scenarios of contraceptives access--from current levels of access to highly restricted access--and teenagers' sexual and contraceptive practices in response to such restrictions are used to project the potential impact on pregnancies among teenagers. RESULTS: Current levels of contraceptive use averted an estimated 1.65 million pregnancies among 15-19-year-old women in the United States during 1995. If these young women had been denied access to both prescription and over-the-counter contraceptive methods, an estimated one million additional pregnancies (ranging from 750,000 to 1.25 million) would have occurred, assuming some decrease in sexual activity. These pregnancies would have led to 480,000 live births, 390,000 abortions, 120,000 miscarriages, 10,000 ectopic pregnancies and 37 maternal deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Contraceptive use by teenage women prevents pregnancies and negative pregnancy-related health consequences that can disrupt the lives of adolescent women and that have substantial societal costs. Continued and expanded access to contraceptives for adolescents is a critically important public health strategy.  (+info)

Complications of unsafe abortion in sub-Saharan Africa: a review. (3/635)

The Commonwealth Regional Health Community Secretariat undertook a study in 1994 to document the magnitude of abortion complications in Commonwealth member countries. The results of the literature review component of that study, and research gaps identified as a result of the review, are presented in this article. The literature review findings indicate a significant public health problem in the region, as measured by a high proportion of incomplete abortion patients among all hospital gynaecology admissions. The most common complications of unsafe abortion seen at health facilities were haemorrhage and sepsis. Studies on the use of manual vacuum aspiration for treating abortion complications found shorter lengths of hospital stay (and thus, lower resource costs) and a reduced need for a repeat evacuation. Very few articles focused exclusively on the cost of treating abortion complications, but authors agreed that it consumes a disproportionate amount of hospital resources. Studies on the role of men in supporting a woman's decision to abort or use contraception were similarly lacking. Articles on contraceptive behaviour and abortion reported that almost all patients suffering from abortion complications had not used an effective, or any, method of contraception prior to becoming pregnant, especially among the adolescent population; studies on post-abortion contraception are virtually nonexistent. Almost all articles on the legal aspect of abortion recommended law reform to reflect a public health, rather than a criminal, orientation. Research needs that were identified include: community-based epidemiological studies; operations research on decentralization of post-abortion care and integration of treatment with post-abortion family planning services; studies on system-wide resource use for treatment of incomplete abortion; qualitative research on the role of males in the decision to terminate pregnancy and use contraception; clinical studies on pain control medications and procedures; and case studies on the provision of safe abortion services where legally allowed.  (+info)

Factors related to choosing oral contraception at age 15. (4/635)

This report aims to identify factors which are related to use of oral contraceptives at an early age. A self-administered questionnaire was completed at schools in 1988 and 1992 in southern and western Finland (N = 1339). Sexually experienced girls (mean age 15.8 years) who had answered the question concerning their oral contraceptive use were included (N = 389). Logistic regression analysis was used to compare oral contraceptive users (N = 121) with the group of non-users. Total number of coital experiences was associated with oral contraceptive use: the odds ratio for those having at least 10 coital experiences was 6.30 compared with those with only one intercourse. The proportion was 73% among oral contraceptive users and 30% among non-users. Girls using oral contraceptives perceived more often (67%) that parents accept their sexual relationship (30% among non-users). Oral contraceptive users were less afraid of getting pregnant (9% compared with 31% among non-users) and felt more often that sex was very important in their life (31 and 13%, respectively). Other factors that entered the model were age at menarche, having a steady partner and frequency of disco visits. When a young girl asks for oral contraceptives, she is probably at true risk of pregnancy, and regular contraception should be considered both in view of effective prevention of pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.  (+info)

Contraceptive failure rates: new estimates from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. (5/635)

CONTEXT: Unintended pregnancy remains a major public health concern in the United States. Information on pregnancy rates among contraceptive users is needed to guide medical professionals' recommendations and individuals' choices of contraceptive methods. METHODS: Data were taken from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and the 1994-1995 Abortion Patient Survey (APS). Hazards models were used to estimate method-specific contraceptive failure rates during the first six months and during the first year of contraceptive use for all U.S. women. In addition, rates were corrected to take into account the underreporting of induced abortion in the NSFG. Corrected 12-month failure rates were also estimated for subgroups of women by age, union status, poverty level, race or ethnicity, and religion. RESULTS: When contraceptive methods are ranked by effectiveness over the first 12 months of use (corrected for abortion underreporting), the implant and injectables have the lowest failure rates (2-3%), followed by the pill (8%), the diaphragm and the cervical cap (12%), the male condom (14%), periodic abstinence (21%), withdrawal (24%) and spermicides (26%). In general, failure rates are highest among cohabiting and other unmarried women, among those with an annual family income below 200% of the federal poverty level, among black and Hispanic women, among adolescents and among women in their 20s. For example, adolescent women who are not married but are cohabiting experience a failure rate of about 31% in the first year of contraceptive use, while the 12-month failure rate among married women aged 30 and older is only 7%. Black women have a contraceptive failure rate of about 19%, and this rate does not vary by family income; in contrast, overall 12-month rates are lower among Hispanic women (15%) and white women (10%), but vary by income, with poorer women having substantially greater failure rates than more affluent women. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of contraceptive failure vary widely by method, as well as by personal and background characteristics. Income's strong influence on contraceptive failure suggests that access barriers and the general disadvantage associated with poverty seriously impede effective contraceptive practice in the United States.  (+info)

Contraceptive failure, method-related discontinuation and resumption of use: results from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. (6/635)

CONTEXT: Half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended. Of these, half occur to women who were practicing contraception in the month they conceived, and others occur when couples stop use because they find their method difficult or inconvenient to use. METHODS: Data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth were used to compute life-table probabilities of contraceptive failure for reversible methods of contraception, discontinuation of use for a method-related reason and resumption of contraceptive use. RESULTS: Within one year of starting to use a reversible method of contraception, 9% of women experience a contraceptive failure--7% of those using the pill, 9% of those relying on the male condom and 19% of those practicing withdrawal. During a lifetime of use of reversible methods, the typical woman will experience 1.8 contraceptive failures. Overall, 31% of women discontinue use of a reversible contraceptive for a method-related reason within six months of starting use, and 44% do so within 12 months; however, 68% resume use of a method within one month and 76% do so within three months. Multivariate analyses show that the risk of contraceptive failure is elevated among low-income women and Hispanic women. Low-income women are also less likely than other women to resume contraceptive use after discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: The risks of pregnancy during typical use of reversible methods of contraception are considerably higher than risks of failure during clinical trials, reflecting imperfect use of these methods rather than lack of inherent efficacy. High rates of method-related discontinuation probably reflect dissatisfaction with available methods.  (+info)

Measuring contraceptive use patterns among teenage and adult women. (7/635)

CONTEXT: Measures of contraceptive use at one point in time do not account for its changing nature. A measure that addresses the pattern of method use over time may better predict the cumulative risk of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: Women at risk of unintended pregnancy were selected from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth, and their contraceptive use patterns were compared across age-groups. Survival analysis was used to validate women's long-term use pattern as an indicator of pregnancy risk, and multivariate regression analyses were used to explore potential covariates of current patterns of contraceptive use. RESULTS: More than two-thirds of women aged 15-19 report long-term uninterrupted contraceptive use, but they are more likely to report sporadic use and less likely to report uninterrupted use of a very effective method than are women aged 25-34. Compared with women aged 25-34, women aged 20-24 have higher rates of sporadic use and lower rates of effective uninterrupted use. Among teenagers, nonusers are 12 times as likely as uninterrupted effective users to experience an unintended pregnancy within 12 months at risk. Women in less stable relationships, those having more infrequent intercourse and women who have recently experienced nonvoluntary intercourse for the first time are more likely than others to have a high-risk contraceptive pattern. Women aged 17 and younger whose current partner is more than three years older are significantly less likely to practice contraception than are their peers whose partner is closer in age. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term contraceptive use pattern is a valid predictor of unintended pregnancy risk. Policies aimed at reducing unintended pregnancies should target women who do not practice contraception and those who are sporadic users. Women in unstable relationships, those having infrequent sex and women who experience sexual coercion need access to methods, such as emergency contraception, that can be used sporadically or after unprotected intercourse.  (+info)

Evaluation of the efficacy of a polyurethane condom: results from a randomized, controlled clinical trial. (8/635)

CONTEXT: Condoms made of latex are not comfortable or appropriate for all consumers. Polyurethane condoms may provide a needed alternative. METHODS: In a double-masked study, 805 monogamous couples were randomized to use either the polyurethane condom or the latex condom for six months. Couples recorded the frequency of intercourse, of condom use and of breakage and slippage throughout the trial in coital diaries and in detailed reports on the first five uses. Breakage and slippage rates were determined, and typical-use and consistent-use pregnancy rates were calculated using life-table analysis, adjusted for use of emergency contraception. RESULTS: The six-month pregnancy rate during typical use (adjusted for use of emergency contraception) was 4.8% for the polyurethane condom and 6.3% for the latex condom. Similarly adjusted pregnancy rates during consistent use over six completed menstrual cycles--2.4% for the polyurethane condom and 1.1% for the latex condom--did not differ significantly. Clinical failure rates (including breakage and slippage occurring during either intercourse or withdrawal) were 8.5% for the polyurethane condom and 1.6% for the latex condom. In general, male participants were more satisfied with the latex condom, and users of latex were significantly less likely to drop out of the study for condom-related reasons than were users of polyurethane. CONCLUSIONS: Although polyurethane and latex condoms provide equivalent levels of contraceptive protection, the polyurethane condom's higher frequency of breakage and slippage suggests that this condom may confer less protection from sexually transmitted infections than does the latex condom.  (+info)

Globally, contraceptive technologies have been critical to improving the reproductive lives of women. This thesis examined the decision-making processes among couples in Kwara State, Nigeria. It began with the premise that contraceptive decision-making is a complex process that involves an array of actors and structural forces that operate and intersect at different levels to influence decision-making. Using a mixed method qualitative approach, this thesis used interviews (semi-structured and Key informant), Focus Group Discussions and participant observation as research tools to provide a nuanced exploration of contraceptive decision-making. The promotion of smaller families by the State served as a precondition for contraceptive discussions collectively within the population and individually within the household. Contraceptive knowledge proved insufficient in guaranteeing use, as the decision to use contraception is not a rational process. Decision-making is gendered and this thesis argued ...
A critical element in preventing unwanted and mistimed births, and in reducing the need for induced abortions, is the proportion of couples adopting a contraceptive method who continue to use it or another method.1,2 Analyses of survey data have demonstrated that contraceptive discontinuation is common.2-4 In a comparative analysis of contraceptive histories collected in
AIM: This paper is a report of the findings of a study to examine the effects of application of the Contraceptive Behavior Change model on knowledge, attitudes, perceived benefits and barriers, self-efficacy (SE), stages of change (SOC) and contracep
Background: Unwanted pregnancy and HIV infection are issues of significant concern to young people. Limited data exists on contraceptive decision-making and practices among HIV-infected and HIV-negative young people in low resource settings with generalized HIV epidemics. Methods: From July 2007 until April 2009, we recruited, and followed up over a one year period, a cohort of 501 HIV-negative and 276 HIV-infected young women and men aged 15-24 years residing in Kampala and Wakiso districts. We compared contraceptive use among HIV-infected and HIV-negative young people and assessed factors associated with contraceptive decision-making and use, using multivariate logistic regression modelling to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Contraceptive use among sexually active HIV-infected young people was 34% while it was 59% among the HIV-negative group. The condom was the most frequently used method of contraception. Only 24% of the HIV-infected used condoms ...
Contraceptive behavior has been an important area of study for many years due to ever increasing rates of unwanted pregnancies. Many variables have been found to be related to contraceptive behaviors. In the area of HIV protective sexual behavior, however, the search for variables predicting these behaviors has just begun in the last twelve to fifteen years. The current study attempted to combine variables important in both areas of study in order to yield a more accurate prediction of HIV protective sexual behaviors. Additionally, the Health Belief Model was used to organize the literature pertaining to contraceptive and HIV protective sexual behavior and the variables which have been associated with these behaviors. It was found that many of these variables, both individually and in combination, are associated with contraceptive and AIDS protective behavior. Support was found for the external modifiers of social network influences, religiosity, and substance use; the internal modifiers of ...
Results 42,210 women used NI-LARC (26.2%), 79,380 women used other contraceptive methods (49.3%), 39,403 women had no method (24.5%); 2,339 women had an abortion (1.5%). The highest proportion of women who had an abortion was reached within first month of exposure: 0.08% of women using NI-LARC, 1.34% of those using other contraceptive methods and 2.63% of those not on contraception. The adjusted hazard ratios for risk of abortions were 17.5 (CI 13.1-23.4) times higher in women who were not on contraception and 12.6 (9.5-16.9) times higher in women using other contraceptive methods, compared to those who used NI- LARC. ...
The early 20th century witnessed a revolution in contraceptive behaviour as the large Victorian family disappeared. This book offers a new perspective on the gender relations, sexual attitudes, and contraceptive practices that accompanied the emergence of the smaller family in modern Britain. It draws on a range of first-hand evidence, including over 190 oral history interviews, in which individuals born between 1900 and 1930 described their marriages and sexual relationships. It challenges many of the key conditions envisaged by demographers and historians as necessary for any significant reduction in average family size to take place. The book demonstrates that a massive expansion in birth control took place in a society in which sexual ignorance was widespread; that effective family limitation was achieved without the mass adoption of new contraceptive technologies; that traditional methods, such as withdrawal, abstinence, and abortion were often seen as preferable to modern appliances, such as
House Republicans refuse to allow even one woman to testify in favor of contraceptive coverage at a hearing on Obamas health care bill this morning.
It is true that many of the bishops in the United States have been slumbering for a while. But things like this tend to wake them up, and lead them to remember their patrimony, the witness (in Greek martyr) of those who have gone before -- Peter and Paul and Stephen and Lawrence and Sebastian and Polycarp and Ignatius and Agnes and Lucy and Cecilia and Perpetua and Felicity and countless others -- of how the Church was born out of persecution, from Herod to Pilate to Nero to Diocletian and onward. The remember as their brother bishops in places like Poland and England and Germany and China and Vietnam and Mexico were arrested, imprisoned, and killed while the governments there sought to impose their will on the Church. They remember the Soviet KGB-arranged shooting of Pope John Paul II ...
It is true that many of the bishops in the United States have been slumbering for a while. But things like this tend to wake them up, and lead them to remember their patrimony, the witness (in Greek martyr) of those who have gone before -- Peter and Paul and Stephen and Lawrence and Sebastian and Polycarp and Ignatius and Agnes and Lucy and Cecilia and Perpetua and Felicity and countless others -- of how the Church was born out of persecution, from Herod to Pilate to Nero to Diocletian and onward. The remember as their brother bishops in places like Poland and England and Germany and China and Vietnam and Mexico were arrested, imprisoned, and killed while the governments there sought to impose their will on the Church. They remember the Soviet KGB-arranged shooting of Pope John Paul II ...
Hi guys, Its been 1 year since my partial vestibulectomy and during that time Ive had another surgery to my anterior vestibule glands. Everything was fine u
Carl Friedrich Bolz ,cfbolz at gmx.de, added the comment: Modified: pypy/trunk/pypy/objspace/descroperation.py pypy/trunk/pypy/objspace/test/test_descroperation.py Log: issue516 resolved (Antoine Pitrou) Fix special method choice algorithm for old-style classes _______________________________________________________ PyPy development tracker ,pypy-dev-issue at codespeak.net, ,https://codespeak.net/issue/pypy-dev/issue516 ...
Im a scientist, so my thoughts on sex and contraception are fairly straightforward. People will have sex because we are animals with the desire to procreate and further the species. Plus it feels good. Therefore, women should be able to choose when and how they want to have children, so everyone (yes, including teenagers) should have access to safe birth control options. This whole debate on contraception and whether it should be covered for everyone in the country is just such ludicrous banter. I just dont understand the Republican rhetoric on government because most of the time it says, Stay off my lawn and out of my life, but heres a case where they are trying to be in every womans vagina. Honestly, I dont care what you do in your life. Of course, I care about my family and friends, but honestly, what you do with your life, your family and your health is YOUR concern, not mine. If you want to take birth control, like nearly 90% of women will at some point in their lives, then I believe ...
If you miss pills you could get pregnant. If you forget 1 or 2 pills, take 1 pill as soon as you remember. Then take the next pill at the regular time. This may mean that you take 2 pills in one day. If you forget to take 3 pills, 3 days in a row, take 1 pill right away. Then take 1 pill each day at the regular time. If you are using a 28-day packet of pills, take only the hormone pills and skip the sugar pills, then start taking hormone pills from a new packet. If you are using a 21-day packet, start a new packet as soon as you finish the one you are taking now. Use condoms (or do not have sex) until you have taken a pill for 7 days in a row. If you forget to take more than 3 pills, stop taking the pills and wait for your next monthly bleeding. Use condoms (or do not have sex) for the rest of your cycle. Then start a new packet. Late or missed pills may cause some bleeding, like a very light monthly bleeding. ...
This should have been expected. Economic demography can be a most frustrating subject. Itwould seemthat for any theoretical inference, nomatter howinnocuous, there is some set of data from some part of the world over some period that is not consonant with it. 23 Over 40 years of demographic research have uncovered that the factors underlying fertility behaviour include not only the techniques that are available to households for controlling their size, but also the household demand for children. The latter in particular is influenced by a number of factors (e.g. ...
Researchers say progestin-only birth control, as well as other contraceptives, are safe to use and shouldnt cause depression in the women who use them.
The prevalence of contraceptive use among women attending CWCs in Sunyani Municipal is quite impressive. Educational background and discussing FP during ANC were associated with current contraceptive use, while discussing FP during CWC, desire to space children and current contraceptive use were significant determinants of clients intention to use contraception in the future. Spousal communication on FP and previous contraceptive use were predictive of both current uptake and intention to adopt FP in the future.. The contraceptive prevalence of 50% among women attending CWC in Sunyani Municipality within 24 months of delivery is much higher than the rate of 27% among currently married women reported in the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) [5], and 39% of postpartum women within 2-12 months of delivery who had been referred to KATH [7]. The higher contraceptive use in the current study could be attributed to the higher proportion of women in their peak reproductive ages of 20-39 ...
Given the 7.8 million births prevented by contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa in 2002 and an HIV prevalence of 7.4%,9 current contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa prevents an estimated 577 200 unplanned births to HIV infected mothers. Assuming a 30% vertical transmission rate in the absence of antiretroviral prophylaxis, we estimate that current contraceptive use prevents over 173 000 unintended HIV infected infants each year in sub-Saharan Africa, or 474 HIV infected infants per day. Current coverage of MTCT programmes would have a minimal effect on this estimated number of infant HIV infections since the weighted coverage of MTCT programmes for Africa is 5%,10 and less than one sixth of HIV positive women with access to MTCT programmes take antiretrovirals.. Approximately 640 000 children were newly infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa during 2003.9 Without any contraceptive use, this number would be 813 000 children. Thus, current contraceptive use is already averting approximately ...
Introduction. Several studies have highlighted the factors that influence womens use of contraception. Women of lower socioeconomic positions use contraception less and use less effective contraceptive methods, having the highest risk of unintended pregnancy.1,2 It has been observed that different countries in Europe not only have differences in the prevalence of the use of contraception but also in the forms of contraception used.1-3A recent study showed that 70% of sexually active women in Spain aged 15-49 years used contraception during their first intercourse and 78% used it during the four weeks prior to the interview.4 This same study showed that womens characteristics such as age, level of education, country of origin, religiousness and age at first intercourse influence the use of contraception at first intercourse, and that in the case of the use of contraception during the last four weeks characteristics such as living with a partner, having children and having used contraception at ...
Contraceptive discontinuation-ceasing to use ones current method of contraception-is common, though rates vary widely by country.
Jordan has a higher fertility rate (3.8) than the averages of countries similar in income to Jordan (2.2) and compared to the Middle East and North Africa region as a whole (2.8) (WHO, WB, UNICEF, & DHS, 2011). The findings of the 2009 Jordanian Population and Family Health Survey demonstrated that the total fertility rate (TFR) has stopped declining in the country since 2002 (DOS, 2010b; USAID, 2010). The prevalence of contraceptive use has also shown little change in Jordan over the last decade (DOS, 2010b; USAID, 2010). Given that contraception is one of the proximate determinants of fertility (Rahayu et al., 2009), the main purpose of this study was to investigate which factors are contributing to womens current contraceptive behavior and intention for future contraceptive use. Research questions were developed in a comprehensive framework that considers womens intention and actual behavior as outcomes of various interactive factors within a socio-cultural context. In particular, the ...
Births among adolescents account for 13 percent of all births in the United States. Adolescents most commonly use contraception at the time of first intercourse but then often do not use contraception as sexual activity increases. Davtyan reviews contraception issues in adolescents and discusses some of the misconceptions adolescents may have about contraception.. The author performed a MEDLINE search of the literature from 1980 to 1999 to gather information on contraception. The author notes that misconceptions about the risks of contraception, fear of the pelvic examination and concerns about confidentiality keep many teenagers from seeking advice from their physicians. Better communication with adolescents can help overcome some of these barriers. Most teens would like to discuss contraception and sexually transmitted diseases with their physicians, but most clinicians do not bring up these topics. Physicians are legally protected when providing diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted ...
The most common methods for preventing pregnancy, according to a new government report are female sterilization, oral contraception, long-acting reversible contraception such as IUDs and implants and male condoms.To help understand fertility patterns across demographics, researchers combed through the latest data from the National Survey of Family Growth to study contraceptive use among women.
Question - Had an abortion, on contraceptives. Started bleeding after intercourse, heavy with pain. Anything wrong ?. Ask a Doctor about Abortion, Ask an OBGYN, Gynecologic Oncology
While women are aware of family planning (FP) methods in Nigeria, the unmet need for modern contraception remains high. We assessed the association between male partner opposition to FP and unmet need for modern contraception among women seeking anti-retroviral therapy (ART), HIV counselling and testing (HCT) and prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services in Cross-River State, Nigeria. This secondary analysis used data from a facility-based FP/HIV integration study. Logistic regression was used to model the association of interest. Unmet need for modern contraception was high among all clients - ART (49%), HCT (75%), and PMTCT (32%). Perceived partner opposition to FP was widespread (≥70%); however, multivariate analysis showed no significant association with unmet need for modern contraception. Significant covariates were woman's age, marital status, parity, and previous use of modern contraception. Efforts to improve modern contraceptive use among women at risk of HIV
This is a prospective cohort study to evaluate a) the effectiveness of the referral system from Family Medicine to the CTIS Pregnancy Health Information Line, and b) the impact of specialized counseling on contraceptive behavior change among the subset of women who accept the counseling and enroll in the follow-up study.. If a woman of reproductive age is seen by a Family Medicine clinician and she is currently taking or is newly prescribed one of the target medications, an EMR electronic alert will be generated for the clinician. The alert will say This patient may benefit from a referral to the CTIS Pregnancy Health Information Line for counseling, click Accept or Decline. If the Family Medicine clinician clicks Decline then a reason must be given for declining. If the clinician decides a referral is appropriate, he/she clicks Accept and informs the patient that she will be contacted by CTIS. The referral is also included in the patient instructions. Within one week, a CTIS counselor ...
This website is made possible by the support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Breakthrough ACTION is supported by USAIDs Office of Population and Reproductive Health, Bureau for Global Health, under Cooperative Agreement: #AID-OAA-A-17-00017. Breakthrough ACTION is based at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Healths Center for Communication Programs. The contents of this website are the sole responsibility of Breakthrough ACTION. The information provided on this website is not official U.S. Government information and does not necessarily represent the views or positions of USAID, the United States Government, or Johns Hopkins University.. ...
In sub-Saharan Africa, large-scale measurements (for an entire country or region) show that the use of modern contraceptive methods is increasing, but slowly, giving the impression that change in this field will inevitably take time. To gain a better understanding of the reasons why the spread is so slow, particularly in rural areas, we made a detailed study of the history of contraception in a rural community in Bandafassi, Senegal. Using several information sources we were able to track the increase in contraceptive use year by year and examine the factors at work. The study presented here shows that, contrary to received wisdom, contraceptive use can spread rapidly in a rural area of Africa with few socioeconomic advantages, but that its diffusion is difficult to measure due to considerable under-reporting, and is by no means guaranteed over the long term ...
The overall aim of this thesis was to study knowledge, attitudes and experience of emergency contraceptive pills among women and providers.. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. Focus-group interviews were conducted with teenage-girls (I) and with women who had purchased ECP without prescription (IV). Self-administered waiting-room questionnaires were administered to women presenting for induced abortion in three large hospitals (II, III), and after the deregulation of ECP, a postal questionnaire was sent to pharmacy staff and nurse-midwives in three counties in mid-Sweden (V).. Overall, women showed high basic awareness of ECP although specific knowledge such as the level of effectiveness, time-frames and how the method works was lacking. Approval of the method was high and most women were positive to use the method if they needed. Contradictory views as to whether ECP undermines contraceptive behavior were expressed. As many as 43% of women requesting induced abortion had a ...
St. Charles, Missouri (CNN) -- Rick Santorum opened a new front Tuesday in his battle to paint Mitt Romney as moderate who sided with Democrats on key issues, accusing the former Massachusetts governor of mandating that hospitals provide emergency contraception to rape victims.
St. Charles, Missouri (CNN) -- Rick Santorum opened a new front Tuesday in his battle to paint Mitt Romney as moderate who sided with Democrats on key issues, accusing the former Massachusetts governor of mandating that hospitals provide emergency contraception to rape victims.
About 40 per cent of women surveyed cited health concerns and fear of side effects as the primary reason behind their decision not to use contraception, the study, based on 10 years of data from the Cambodian Demographic and Health surveys, found. Meanwhile, close to 47 per cent of women cited infrequent sex, lack of fertility, or a desire to get pregnant as the reasons behind their decision ...
ANU MANCHIKANTI GÓMEZ is assistant professor at the School of Social Welfare and director of the Sexual Health and Reproductive Equity (SHARE) Program.. For more than 15 years, Dr. Gómez has worked as a health equity researcher with a focus on reproduction and sexuality throughout the life course. She has conducted research both in the US and globally on diverse topics, including contraceptive use, abortion, HIV prevention, gender equity, transgender health and violence against women and children. Dr. Gómezs current research focuses on three areas: (1) the measurement and meaning of pregnancy planning; (2) understanding contraceptive decision-making within social, relational and structural contexts; and (3) evaluating the impact of and evidence base for policies related to reproductive health. She also serves as a co-PI on SOLARS, a prospective, longitudinal cohort study funded by UCSFs Preterm Birth Initiative. SOLARS aims to describe the relationship between psychosocial stress and ...
Contraception Why Not by Dr. Janet E Smith. My topic for tonight is the Churchs teaching on contraception and various sexual issues. As you know, we live in a culture that thinks that contraception is one of the greatest inventions in the history of mankind. If you were to ask people if they wanted to…
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: On a Friday morning, it's MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. I'm
We will conduct a cross-sectional survey among postpartum adolescents to characterize their counseling experiences and satisfaction, assess prior and current contraceptive use, and method switching and discontinuation during the postpartum period. Funding is provided through the New Ventures Fund. ...
We will conduct a cross-sectional survey among postpartum adolescents to characterize their counseling experiences and satisfaction, assess prior and current contraceptive use, and method switching and discontinuation during the postpartum period. Funding is provided through the New Ventures Fund. ...
The difference between contraception and birth control lies in usage. The major difference is that contraception refers to the devices used to prevent unwanted preganncies and birth control is the process by which unwanted pregnancies are controlled.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), the most common of metabolic disorders, is a global public health concern. Numbers are rising with 383 million adults currently diagnosed with DM and another 175 million as yet undiagnosed. The rise in cases includes increasing numbers of women of a reproductive age whose reproductive health and contraception need careful consideration. Unintended pregnancy with poor glycemic control at the time of conception increases the chance of adverse pregnancy outcomes including stillbirth, congenital abnormalities, and perinatal mortality. In order to minimize complications, safe and effective contraception is paramount for all women with DM. This is a challenge as women have been found to be reticent to ask for advice, appear to lack understanding of risks, and are less likely to be using contraception than women without DM. The World Health Organization has developed Medical Eligibility Criteria to guide contraceptive choice. Women with DM without complications can choose from ...
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Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential and men who are taking the medication should use two effective contraceptive methods during treatment and for several months after the end of it. Ask your healthcare professional for details. Pregnant women should not use this product. If youre planning a pregnancy or become pregnant, contact your family doctor. Blood donation is usually refused during this treatment. A treatment with this medication requires regular monitoring by a doctor. Be sure to see your doctor for all regularly scheduled appointments. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. ...
Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential and men who are taking the medication should use two effective contraceptive methods during treatment and for several months after the end of it. Ask your healthcare professional for details. Pregnant women should not use this product. If youre planning a pregnancy or become pregnant, contact your family doctor. Blood donation is usually refused during this treatment. A treatment with this medication requires regular monitoring by a doctor. Be sure to see your doctor for all regularly scheduled appointments. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. ...
Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential should use an effective contraceptive method. Pregnant women should not use this product. If youre planning a pregnancy or become pregnant, contact your family doctor. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex nature of your treatment, you will receive information that is much more ...
Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential should use an effective contraceptive method. Pregnant women should not use this product. If youre planning a pregnancy or become pregnant, contact your family doctor. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex nature of your treatment, you will receive information that is much more ...
Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential should use an effective contraceptive method. Pregnant women should not use this product. If youre planning a pregnancy or become pregnant, contact your family doctor. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex nature of your treatment, you will receive information that is much more ...
Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential should use an effective contraceptive method. Pregnant women should not use this product. If youre planning a pregnancy or become pregnant, contact your family doctor. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex nature of your treatment, you will receive information that is much more comprehensive and that deals specifically with your needs. Make sure that you have all the relevant information regarding your medication. ...
Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential and men who are taking the medication should use an effective contraceptive method during treatment and for several months after the end of it. Ask your healthcare professional for details. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. Blood donation is usually refused during this treatment. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex ...
MHRP researchers examined contraceptive use in women who were enrolled in a phase I/IIa HIV clinical trial in Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya. The results were recently published on PLoS One, an open-access online journal.
Two years ago, a letter was sent to every US bishop with the latest research findings on Plan B, Dr. Kahlenborn said, . . . and I didnt hear from anybody. I was frustrated. Whats wrong? Whats the problem? Are they just all afraid?. Planned Parenthood and other womens abortion centers dispense Plan B at no cost and encourage women to have some on hand in case you need it. The Catholic Health Association, which has taken positions contrary to Church teaching on issues such as the Health and Human Services mandate on contraception coverage in Obamacare health insurance plans has stated that it does not consider Plan B an abortifacient but emergency contraception.. Plan B should be challenged, especially given the pro-life stance of the current administration, since abortion pills should not be sold over the counter to anyone, especially teenagers, Dr. Kahlenborn said.. Dr. Kahlenborn remains convinced that the influential National Catholic Bioethics Center based in Philadelphia has the ...
There is a growing need for data on contraceptive efficacy in obese women. This article details the current state of knowledge in this regard.
A female subject of childbearing potential who is sexually active agrees to use adequate contraception from Screening throughout the duration of the study, and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug. Male subjects should agree to use contraception for the duration of the study, and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug ...
As shown in Diagram B, the uterine lining is at an optimal state for implantation when the glands and arteries are at their maximum size. This makes intuitive sense since, at this point, the blood supply and glycogen and lipid levels that the preborn child needs to survive are at their maximal state. Researchers who study the histology of the endometrium find that the BCP causes a number of changes to the endometrium. First, the spiral arteries regress significantly to the point where they are much smaller and may even be difficult to find under a microscope.21-24 This is important, since an adequate blood supply is critical to the existence of the implanting preborn child. A loss of blood flow means a drastic curtailment in the food and oxygen supply needed for the childs survival. The blood flow to the endometrium is so important that in 1996 Kupesic wrote directly about its relationship to a preborn childs likelihood of implantation.25 She found that the blood flow through the spiral ...
The article investigates the different types of social mechanisms responsible for the interdependence of couples reproductive preferences predicted by diffusion models of fertility and famiy behavior. We analyse the transcripts of in-depth interviews carried out with 54 women in the northern part of Italy. The rich information on observations and conversations about fertility and family choices with relatives and peers enables us to distinguish four different ways in which social interaction influences reproductive preferences, namely social learning, social pressure, subjective obligation and contagion. Second, we show how the efficacy of each mechanism affecting fertility behavior depends on the kind and the structure of personal relationships involved in the interaction. Finally, we discuss the ways in which individual attitudes and values associated to the transition to parenthood are produced and negotiated in face to face interactions, and the importance of focusing on the process of ...
I need help . I tried having sex on the 21st of january and did not use contraception. I dont know if my boyfriend went in and broke my virginity but i felt that his penis was in.
(HealthDay)-The U.S. Supreme Courts ruling on contraception coverage-as mandated under the Affordable Care Act-could lead to a legal quagmire that might allow companies to deny insurance coverage for any medical practice ...
Condoms remain the best contraceptive for people concerned about contracting AIDS, says a Geneva-based expert on the spread of the disease.Compared with other contraceptives such as the diaphragm,
What is contraception? Birth control and contraception are terms used to refer to ways to prevent pregnancy. There are many ways to prevent pregnancy...
My wife and I had unprotected sex about 1-2 weeks ago. It was unprotected but I pulled out. The day after around 4pm she took a plan b pill. She took the second the next morning at 4:00 am. (12 hour pe...
Many Catholic colleges are pushing back against a ruling by the Obama administration that the new health care law requires insurance plans at Catholic institutions to cover birth control.
Question posted in: lutera, birth control, contraception, side effect - Additional details: I have a feeling it wont, but I thought I would ask just ...
... on contraception costs and argued that contraception coverage was "flat-out thievery" that would force taxpayers to pay to " ... No responsibility for her behavior." On March 2, 2012, Limbaugh defended his previous comments about Fluke, saying, "not one ... She's having so much sex she can't afford the contraception. She wants you and me and the taxpayers to pay her to have sex. ... "Contraception and Insurance Coverage (Religious Exemption Debate)". THe New York Times. Archived from the original on July 19, ...
"Contraception. 90 (2): 154-161. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2014.02.001. PMID 24835827. Retrieved 29 September 2015.. ... Gender and Behavior (1 ed.). 10. Retrieved 2 November 2015.. *^ a b Chireshe, Regis (2011). "Teaching as a Profession in ... "Trend in the use of modern contraception in sub-Saharan Africa: does women's education matter?". ...
Marriage & Family: sexual behavior, contraception, pregnancy, and childbearing among married and unmarried people ... Education: children's academic achievement (K-12) and behavior in school and how families, communities, and schools help ... Teen Sex & Pregnancy: factors associated with risky adolescent sexual behavior and teenage pregnancy ... http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/early_years/2014/06/parenting_program_aimed_at_latinos_helps_boost_literacy_behaviors.html ...
Homosexual behavior[edit]. The Catholic Church teaches that all Catholics must practice chastity according to their states of ... Contraception[edit]. The Roman Catholic Church maintains its opposition to birth control. Some Roman Catholic Church members ... The Church requires members to eschew homosexual practices,[72] artificial contraception,[73] and sex out of wedlock, as well ... He writes that contraception "contradicts the will of the Author of life [God]. Hence to use this divine gift [sexual ...
March 2009). "Unintended pregnancy and associated maternal preconception, prenatal and postpartum behaviors". Contraception. 79 ... a b c d e Bartol, Curt & Bartol, Anne (2009). Juvenile Delinquency and Antisocial Behavior: A Developmental Perspective, 3rd ed ... a b c d Longo, R. E., Prescott, D. S. (2006). Introduction: A brief history of treating youth with sexual behavior problems. ... VIDING, E. 2004, "On the Nature and Nurture of Antisocial Behavior and Violence", Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ...
March 2009). "Unintended pregnancy and associated maternal preconception, prenatal and postpartum behaviors". Contraception. 79 ... Maternal oxytocin circulation is said to predispose women to bond and show bonding behavior, although this has been disputed. ... Kost K, Landry D, Darroch J (Mar-Apr 1998). "Predicting maternal behaviors during pregnancy: Does intention status matter?". ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2018.03.033. PMID 29654750. "Albania". European Consortium for Emergency Contraception. Retrieved ... AIDS and Behavior. 22 (S1): 121-124. doi:10.1007/s10461-018-2056-y. PMC 6045959. PMID 29435794. "Bolivia". International ... "COUNTING WHAT COUNTS:TRACKING ACCESS TO EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION" (PDF). International Consortium for Emergency Contraception ( ... "Burundi". International Consortium for Emergency Contraception. Retrieved 11 May 2019. "Emergency Contraception - Sex & U". www ...
Nieschlag E (November 2010). "Clinical trials in male hormonal contraception" (PDF). Contraception. 82 (5): 457-70. doi:10.1016 ... Archives of Sexual Behavior. 15 (2): 121-38. doi:10.1007/bf01542220. PMID 3013122. S2CID 42786642. Daniel R. Mishell; Val ... Wang C, Yeung KK (1980). "Use of low-dosage oral cyproterone acetate as a male contraceptive". Contraception. 21 (3): 245-72. ... Nieschlag E, Zitzmann M, Kamischke A (November 2003). "Use of progestins in male contraception". Steroids. 68 (10-13): 965-72. ...
... prenatal and postpartum behaviors". Contraception. 79 (3): 194-198. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.09.009. PMID 19185672. ... Aggressive behavior has been associated with abnormalities in three principal regulatory systems in the body: serotonin systems ... Mears, Daniel P.; Cochran, Joshua C. (November 2013). "What is the effect of IQ on offending?". Criminal Justice and Behavior. ... Biosocial criminology is an interdisciplinary field that aims to explain crime and antisocial behavior by exploring both ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.09.009. PMID 19185672. * Kost K, Landry DJ, Darroch JE (1998). "Predicting maternal behaviors ... It targets externalizing behaviors and strengthens prosocial behaviors. Offending parents are included in the treatment, to ... March 2009). "Unintended pregnancy and associated maternal preconception, prenatal and postpartum behaviors". Contraception. 79 ... Behaviors that are normal to some may be viewed as abusive to others, all depending on the societal norms of that particular ...
March 2009). "Unintended pregnancy and associated maternal preconception, prenatal and postpartum behaviors". Contraception. 79 ... The habitual crime behavior found among juveniles is similar to that of adults. As stated before most life-course persistent ... Sex crimes are defined as sexually abusive behavior committed by a person under the age of 18 that is perpetrated "against the ... When the family is disrupted, females are more likely to engage in delinquent behavior than males. Boys, however, tend to be ...
March 2009). "Unintended pregnancy and associated maternal preconception, prenatal and postpartum behaviors". Contraception. 79 ... "Contraception. 97 (1): 62-69. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2017.08.015.. *^ a b James Trussell; Anjana Lalla; Quan Doan; Eileen ... "Contraception. 79 (1): 5-14. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.08.003. PMC 3638200 . PMID 19041435.. ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.06.001. PMID 18692608.. *^ a b c Sharing Responsibility:Women, Society and Abortion Worldwide ...
March 2009). "Unintended pregnancy and associated maternal preconception, prenatal and postpartum behaviors". Contraception. 79 ... "Contraception. 79 (1): 5-14. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.08.003. PMC 3638200 . PMID 19041435.. ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.06.001. PMID 18692608.. *^ a b c Sharing Responsibility:Women, Society and Abortion Worldwide ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2006.11.009. PMID 17303484.. *^ "The High Cost of Unintended Pregnancy". The Brookings Institution. ...
Lastly, it would be necessary for repeated longitudinal studies on the sexual behaviors of adolescents as behaviors are ... The risk of depression is tripled for teenage girls who use non-oral forms of hormonal contraception. Lucia O'Sullivan and her ... "Oral sex: Varied behaviors and perceptions in a college population. Journal of Sex Research". The Journal of Sex Research. 44 ( ... Subsequent sexual behavior starts with the secretion of hormones from the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary gland. These ...
For an odour to be exclusively result in sexual behavior, it must not only be perceived and preferred, but when absent there ... and Oral Contraception The Congruency Hypothesis" (PDF). Psychological Science. 25 (7): 1497-1503. doi:10.1177/0956797614532295 ... p. 1. Kliewer, J. W.; Miura, T.; Husbands, R. C.; Hurst, C. H. (1 May 1966). "Sex Pheromones and Mating Behavior of Culiseta ... The two types of pheromones include signal and primer, each playing a distinct role in human behavior. Signal pheromones act as ...
The hymen can stretch or tear as a result of various behaviors, by the use of tampons or menstrual cups, pelvic examinations ... The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care. 13 (2): 111-113. doi:10.1080/13625180802106045. ISSN 1362- ... Trauma to the hymen is hypothesized to occur as a result of various other behaviors, such as tampon or menstrual cup use, ... Archives of Sexual Behavior. 14 (5): 421-438. doi:10.1007/BF01542003. PMID 4062539. S2CID 6427129. White, C., & McLean, I. (May ...
ISBN 978-0-7360-6850-5. Barrows EM (2011). Animal Behavior Desk Reference: A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and ... is the most common and effective way of reversible contraception. Conception and contraception are additionally a life-and- ... heterosexual romantic and sexual behavior". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 33 (4): 381-394. doi:10.1023/B:ASEB.0000028891.16654. ... This behavior is characterized by a fixation on sexual intercourse and disinhibition. It was proposed that this 'addictive ...
... and unambiguous relationship between knowledge and behavior. Proponents of this approach argue that sexual behavior after ... The study also found that students who took part in the abstinence-only programs were just as likely to use contraception when ... It also depicted greater positive changes in health behavior with a peer model compared to that of adults. It was seen to ... Furthermore, 27% of peer educators indicted that they had either "a lot" or "quite a lot" of difficulty managing behavior in ...
Contraception. 78 (3): 197-200. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.06.001. PMID 18692608. Strasburger, Victor C. (2007) Teen ... Although premarital sex is considered normal behavior for males, particularly with prostitutes, it is not always regarded as ... Most Thai youth reported that their first sexual experience, whether within or outside of marriage, was without contraception. ... method of using both a hormonal contraception method and a condom[citation needed]). Nordic countries, such as Denmark and ...
... contraception, [and] various sexual practices...are...largely liberal...Sexually deviant behaviors enjoy tolerance." There has ... including many whose behavior otherwise suggests a generous and loving approach to life - engage in this behavior. What shall ... Noonan, Jr., John T. (2012). Contraception: A History of Its Treatment by the Catholic Theologians and Canonists (Enlarged ed ... Hodge, Bryan C. (2010). The Christian Case against Contraception: Making the Case from Historical, Biblical, Systematic, and ...
Contraception. 84 (6): 549-57. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2011.04.009. PMID 22078182. Vessey, M.P.; Mears, Eleanor; Andolšek, ... Bonnie V. G. Beaver (1 January 2009). Canine Behavior: Insights and Answers. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 128-. ISBN 978-1- ... Bagade O, Pawar V, Patel R, Patel B, Awasarkar V, Diwate S (2014). "Increasing use of long-acting reversible contraception: ... Runnebaum BC, Rabe T, Kiesel L (6 December 2012). Female Contraception: Update and Trends. Springer Science & Business Media. ...
In the twenties he closed his practice and focused on sexual research and contraception and other public health education. In ... This society addressed problems of infertility, birth control, and sexual behavior. Dickinson was particularly interested in ...
"Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. 17 (10): 633-38. doi:10.1089/cyber.2013.0585. PMID 25226054.. ... most widely applied to questions of contraception ... Video, of aptly named graphic, or intimate, acts, behaviors or ... Altman, Irwin (1975). The Environment and Social Behavior: Privacy, Personal Space, Territory, and Crowding. Monterey: Brooks/ ... Although several studies have shown this inconsistency between privacy attitudes and behavior among online users, the reason ...
In domestic animals, castration is commonly used for contraception. Other forms of male contraception are in various stages of ... Pulling out is a popular contraceptive behavior that many couples use because of convenience, dissatisfaction with other ... Glasier A (November 2010). "Acceptability of contraception for men: a review". Contraception. 82 (5): 453-6. doi:10.1016/j. ... Contraception. 79 (6): 407-410. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.12.008. ISSN 0010-7824. PMID 19442773. Smoley, Brian A.; ...
... efficacy in relation to sexual behavior: a German prospective long-term study". Advances in Contraception. 13 (2-3): 179-189. ... Contraception. 99 (1): 52-55. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2018.10.002. ISSN 0010-7824. PMID 30316782. Health, Center for ... Contraception. 79 (1): 5-14. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.08.003. PMC 3638200. PMID 19041435. "Fertility Awareness Method ... Reproduction and Contraception (English edition), in press 2000. Frank-Herrmann P, Freundl G, Baur S, et al. (December 1991). " ...
Assessing parental behavior and skills and promotes smooth transition to role changes. Assessing, diagnosing, and treating ... contraception, sexually transmitted infections, infertility, perimenopause/menopause/postmenopause and other gender-specific ... selected reproductive health needs or problems in male partners, such as sexually transmitted infections, contraception, and ...
Lack of contraception[edit]. Main article: Birth control. Adolescents may lack knowledge of, or access to, conventional methods ... a b Beginning Too Soon: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy And Parenthood, US Department of Health and Human Services. ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.06.001. PMID 18692608.. *^ Sterling, Sandra P. (2009). "Contraceptive Use Among Adolescent ... Besharov, D. J.; Gardiner, K. N. (1997). "Trends in Teen Sexual Behavior". Children and Youth Services Review. 19 (5-6): 341- ...
While cognitive behavior therapy may be the treatment of choice, medications are sometimes used. The use of therapy rather than ... This has been used as natural contraception, with greater than 98% effectiveness during the first six months after birth if ... Social marketing is a marketing approach intended to change people's behavior to benefit both individuals and society.[219] ... between mother and baby stimulates breastfeeding behavior in the baby.[32] Newborns who are immediately placed on their ...
The last stage of adolescence the teenager begins to feel more secure in their bodies and their sexual behavior. With these ... One media analysis found that sex was usually between unmarried couples and examples of using condoms or other contraception ... In addition to higher likelihoods that an adolescent exposed to sexual content in the media will engage in sexual behaviors, ... This in turn explains that these individuals are more likely to believe in the various unusual sexual behaviors as common ...
Kuhl H (1999). "Hormonal Contraception". Estrogens and Antiestrogens II. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. 135 / 2. pp. ... The effectiveness of the iPledge program is controversial due to continued instances of contraception nonadherence.[88][89] ... women who are sexually active and who can or may become pregnant should use an effective method of contraception to prevent ... including desired contraception, known or suspected hyperandrogenism, acne during adulthood, acne that flares premenstrually, ...
Lavreys L, Baeten JM, Martin HL, et al. (March 2004). "Hormonal contraception and risk of HIV-1 acquisition: results of a 10- ... Kirby DB, Laris BA, Rolleri LA (March 2007). "Sex and HIV education programs: their impact on sexual behaviors of young people ...
Psychotropics can either be sedative or stimulant; sedatives aim at damping down the extremes of behavior. Stimulants aim at ... For contraceptionEdit. *Hormonal contraception. *Ormeloxifene. *Spermicide. For obstetrics and gynecologyEdit. NSAIDs, ... Stimulants such as Ritalin (methylphenidate) came to be pervasive tools for behavior management and modification in young ...
"Contraception. 77 (4): 303-7. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.01.003. PMC 2505347. PMID 18342656.. ... In terms of behavior in dogs, separation anxiety, aggression, escape behavior and inappropriate elimination are reduced while ... many studies reported increases in aggressive behavior[5][6][7][8] and some found increased separation anxiety behavior.[64][66 ... "Effects on castration on problem behaviors in male dogs with reference to age and duration of behavior". Journal of the ...
Chapter 2-How Stimulants Affect the Brain and Behavior. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US). ... The violent and aggressive behavior associated with acute stimulant toxicity may partially be driven by paranoia.[7] Most drugs ... Acute toxicity has been reportedly associated with a homicide, paranoia, aggressive behavior, motor dysfunction, and punding. ... "Chapter 2-How Stimulants Affect the Brain and Behavior". Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US). ...
Shorto, Russell (May 7, 2006). "Contra-Contraception". The New York Times.. *^ Sherkat, D. E.; Ellison, C. G. (2007). " ... "Wars and Rumors of Wars: The Contexts of Cultural Conflict in American Political Behavior." British Journal of Political ... Abortion and contraceptionEdit. See also: Bioethics and Consistent life ethic. The Christian right opposes abortion, believing ... The Christian Right has engaged in battles over abortion, euthanasia, contraception, pornography, gambling, obscenity, state ...
Sexually suggestive behaviors include things such as "showing more skin" and flirting. Both of these examples are behaviors ... the luteal phase or women using hormonal contraception. This is because women who are in the luteal phase or women using a ... and therefore exhibit certain behaviors that facilitate maximum reproduction. Men perceive sexually suggestive behavior and ... Hormones and Behavior, 51, 40 - 45 Gallup Jr, G. G., & Frederick, D. A. (2010). The science of sex appeal: An evolutionary ...
The Bedroom and the State: The Changing Practices and Politics of Contraception and Abortion in Canada, 1880-1980. Toronto: ... During the 1920s, women adventurers pushed the boundaries of acceptable behavior for women. From 1922 until 1929, Aloha ...
One type of contraception is a condom. This is a piece of rubber that covers the penis that a man can wear during intercourse, ... Humans sometimes engage in behaviors that do not include the penetration of sexual organs, such as oral intercourse or anal ... Another well-known type of contraception is called the Pill, which a woman takes every day. When a woman is "on the Pill," she ... That way if one fails the other is a 'backup'. Contraception allows people to keep "sex for fun" separate from "sex to make ...
Addictive Behavior. *Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment (página oficial). *Advances in Anatomic Pathology (página oficial) ... Contraception (. «Home». Consultado em 17 de janeiro de 2010. ). *Cornea (página oficial) ...
Hormonal contraception is considered as harmless for the embryo. Peterka and Novotná[35] do however state that syntethic ... and behaviors,[13] though many birth defects have no known cause. An example of a birth defect is cleft palate, which occurs ... it was suggested that deprived neighborhoods often promoted behaviors such as smoking, drug and alcohol use.[61] After ... several births of affected children were described in spite of the strictly required use of contraception among female patients ...
"Contraception. 83 (5): 397-404. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2011.01.021. PMC 3638209 . PMID 21477680.. ... Borrow, Amanda P.; Cameron, Nicole M. "The role of Oxytocin in Mating and Pregnancy". Hormones and Behavior. 61 (3): 266-76. ... ContraceptionEdit. Several methods of contraception involve the cervix. Cervical diaphragms are reusable, firm-rimmed plastic ... NSW, Family Planning (2009). Contraception : healthy choices : a contraceptive clinic in a book (2nd ed.). Sydney, New South ...
Glasier, A (studeni 2010.). "Acceptability of contraception for men: a review.". Contraception svezak 82 (broj 5): str. 453.- ... "Adolescent sexuality and sexual behavior". Current opinion in obstetrics & gynecology 14 (5): str. 489.-493. ... 159,0 159,1 World Contraception Day *↑ Hutcherson, Hilda (2002.). What your mother never told you about s.e.x, 1st Perigee ed ... 2012.). "Contraception for primary care providers". Adolescent medicine: state of the art reviews svezak 23 (broj 1): str. 95.- ...
Supportive behavior has typically been very limited due to the common belief that their "deity will get angry if they touch the ... 49.7% of the population use contraception. It is unclear what the abortion rate is in the country, likely because it is ... Personal behavior differs where it comes to positioning and pain management, though it largely is influenced by family members ... Along with the personal behavior of 30% who are smokers and 7.6% who consume alcohol, these women are at a very high risk for ...
To avoid the woman becoming pregnant when she does not want to, the man and the woman can use methods of contraception or birth ... "Archives of Sexual Behavior 9 (6): 503-521. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7458658. ...
... stating that leaders who forbid contraception and "express a preference for 'natural' methods of population limitation" will ... Human Behavior and Evolution Society. *Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. *Max Planck Institute for Human ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2010.05.003. PMID 21074020.. *^ a b Köhler TS, Fazili AA, Brannigan RE (August 2009). "Putative ... Because the procedure is minimally invasive, many vasectomy patients find that they can resume their typical sexual behavior ... Another method of contraception must be relied upon until a sperm count is performed either two months after the vasectomy or ... "Male Contraception Update for the public - August 2008, 3(8)". Imccoalition.org. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2004.06.008. PMID 15504373.. *^ a b Lock, M. & Nguyen, V.-K., 2010. An Anthropology of Biomedicine ... Kirby, Douglas (February 2002). "The impact of schools and school programs upon adolescent sexual behavior". Journal of Sex ...
He is best known for writing Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), also ... Although some safe sex practices (like condoms) can also be used as birth control (contraception), most forms of contraception ... Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender. As a ... Homosexual behavior has also been documented in many non-human animal species. Read more... ...
Contraception. *Controlled Clinical Trials. *Critical Reviews in Oncology Hematology. *Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug ... Archives of Sexual Behavior. *Archives of Surgery. *Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology ...
Kay, C. R. (1984). "The Royal College of General Practitioners' Oral Contraception Study: Some recent observations". Clinics in ... "On the mechanical behavior of the human biliary system". World Journal of Gastroenterology. 13 (9): 1384. doi:10.3748/wjg.v13. ... The 1984 Royal College of General Practitioners' Oral Contraception Study suggests that, in the long-term, oral contraceptives ...
Contraception and other reliable forms of pregnancy prevention is routinely advised for women with SLE, since getting pregnant ... and abnormal illness-related behaviors also factor into a self-assessment. Additionally, other factors like the degree of ...
These include the right to decide on issues regarding the number of children born, family planning, contraception, and private ... such as bans on contraception or abortion (where the policy is a natalist one-for example through tax on childlessness) or ... Applied behavior analysis. *Behaviorism. *Child development. *Cognitive development. *Developmental psychology. *Human ...
Although some safe sex practices (like condoms) can also be used as birth control (contraception), most forms of contraception ... "AIDS and Behavior. 12 (6): 860-866. doi:10.1007/s10461-007-9301-0. ISSN 1090-7165. PMC 2953367. PMID 17705033.. ... Likewise, some safe sex practices, such as partner selection and low-risk sex behavior,[example needed] might not be effective ... Most methods of contraception are not effective at preventing the spread of STIs. This includes birth control pills, vasectomy ...
The form of contraception most comparable to prospective immunocontraceptive products for humans is hormonal contraception, ... "The effect of immunocontraception on the behavior and reproduction of white-tailed deer". J Wildl Manage. 61: 560-569. doi: ... While there was research into the use of hormonal contraception for wildlife control as early as the 1950s that produced ... Furthermore, the demand for contraception is greatest in parts of the developing world, where population growth is greatest, ...
... including cortisone and chemicals used in hormonal contraception.[46] ... and behavior.[1] ...
The behavior of liquid helium-4's two different states-helium I and helium II-is important to researchers studying quantum ... Hormonal contraception - Insulin - Nuclear fuel - Nuclear fusion - Nylon - Ozone - Paracetamol - Penicillin - Plastic - ... behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other substances. ...
Please apologize as their is no evidence that I tried to bypass or subvert WP procedures or engaged in bad behavior on this ... the rape kits had contraception, etc.) Their agenda has caused them to lose their way towards objectivity, I'm afraid. ...
During his visit, he suggested that altering sexual behavior was the answer to Africa's AIDS crisis, and urged Catholics to ... of the Doctrine of the Faith explained that the pope's statement did not constitute a legitimization of either contraception or ... "The Vatican: In Speech, Pope Calls Homosexual Behavior a Violation". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 ...
Similarly, contraception has given women control over their reproductive cycle.[citation needed] ... Wood, Wendy; Eagly, Alice H. (September 2002). "A cross-cultural analysis of the behavior of women and men: Implications for ... Some sociobiologists, such as Steven Goldberg, argue that social behavior is primarily determined by genetics, and thus that ... Playing a critical role in the development of the brain and behavior, testosterone and estrogen have been labeled the "male- ...
... Melissa S. Kearney and Phillip B. Levine Sunday, April 15, 2007. ... On its face it might seem obvious that providing contraception to women will reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies and ... Women may choose not to take advantage of the services and many who do would have obtained contraception privately otherwise. ... Women may also increase their level of sexual activity, canceling out the effectiveness of any increased use of contraception. ...
Kearney, Melissa S. and Levine, Phillip B., Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior (April 2007). NBER Working ... to examine the impact of these policies on sexual behavior and contraceptive use. Evidence from this analysis suggests that the ... in fertility associated with raising income thresholds for eligibility was accomplished via greater use of contraception. Our ...
Postdelivery contraception and womens reproductive health in the Russian Federation : Final report  ... Browsing Technical documents by Subject "Contraception Behavior". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S ...
... Bien quayant réussi à accroître la pratique de la contraception parmi les couples ayant atteint leur nombre denfants désiré, ... à travers les agents de communauté offre une stratégie efficace et faisable de promotion de la contraception post-partum. ... à la contraception lorsquil sagit despacer les naissances. ... méthode de laménorrhée lactationnelle et de la contraception ...
... and behaviors related to HIV/AIDS amongst female adolescents who are accessing the primary health services for contraception ( ... Specific objectives were to describe the knowledge of female adolescents who are accessing the PHC services for contraception ... Sample: All female adolescents who are accessing PHC services for contraception selected from multistage simple random sampling ... PHC services for contraception in the district. Setting: The study was conducted in Andara district, North East of Namibia. ...
Social and behavior change considerations for areas transitioning from high and moderate to low, very low and zero malaria ... Innovation Blog Series: Leading the Way to Better Social and Behavior Change ... 36SMS Contraception Messages Reach Thousands of Mozambican Youth. ...
Mental Health and Behavior. 01/23/2019 Mental Health and Behavior Panic attacks tackled in one-week intensive online therapy ... "The best contraception today is injectable hormonal contraception because you dont need a doctor, its long-lasting, it ... The observational study of nearly 3,800 couples in Africa finds that women using hormonal contraception -such as a birth ... Moreover, HIV-infected women who use hormonal contraception have twice the risk of transmitting the virus to their HIV- ...
Social and behavior change considerations for areas transitioning from high and moderate to low, very low and zero malaria ... An Adaptable Communication Strategy for Demand Generation: Emergency Contraception. This Strategy forms part of a comprehensive ... Innovation Blog Series: Leading the Way to Better Social and Behavior Change ...
Reproductive behavior : Central and Eastern European experience / Henry P. David, Robert J. McIntyre.. by David, Henry Philip ... Factors related to non-use of contraception among couples with an unmet need for family planning in Nepal : final report of an ... Psychosocial determinants of fertility and contraception in Venezuela / Snehendu B. Kar and Ramon Gonzalez-Cerrutti.. by Kar ... Sexualité des adolescents et Sida : processus et négociations autour des relations sexuelles et du choix de la contraception / ...
... as well as a scale on opinions about contraception. The questionnaire on contraceptive behavior requested information about age ... They also disagreed that the man must decide about contraception for the couple, U = 2.200, p = .004, r = 0.18. Such ... They were more likely to agree with statements that the woman must be responsible for contraception, U = 74, p = .038, r = 0.17 ... The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 19,295-305. doi: 10.3109/13625187.2014.917624 [ Links ]. ...
Gazi, R., Karim, F., Chowdhury, A., & Mahmud, S. N. (1996, July). Post-partum reproductive behavior regarding contraception and ... Post-partum Reproductive Behavior regardingcontraception and breastfeeding in rural Bangladesh.pdf (8.323Mb) ... Women are most unlikely to adopt contraception unless they resume ft1enstruation as they believe that fecundity returns only ... aimed to obtain information on knowledge of mothers about fecundity after childbirth and to explore the reproductive behavior ...
Variations in Sexual Behavior 11. Contraception and Birth Control 12. Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbirth 13. The Sexual Body ...
... By Traci Pedersen Associate News Editor ... The study is published in the journal Contraception.. A research team from the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) ... "The finding tells us that women use contraception for all sorts of reasons, and contraceptive counseling shouldnt be guided by ... About 13 percent of women with a high preference to avoid pregnancy reported no use of contraception. Pregnancy preferences ...
Contraception. 2011 Sep 28.. * Health Behavior and Risk *Prevalence of sunburn, sun protection, and indoor tanning behaviors ... Health Behavior and Risk *A randomized controlled trial of a culturally congruent intervention to increase condom use and HIV ...
Source for information on Self-Care Behavior: Encyclopedia of Public Health dictionary. ... SELF-CARE BEHAVIOR Self-care behavior, a key concept in health promotion, refers to decisions and actions that an individual ... Contraception; Enabling Factors; Folk Medicine; Foods and Diets; Health Belief Model; Internet; Predisposing Factors; Self-Help ... SELF-CARE BEHAVIOR. Self-care behavior, a key concept in health promotion, refers to decisions and actions that an individual ...
... yet large-scale studies exploring gender-specific HIV risk behaviors in the CJ population are lacking. This analysis uses ... HIV/AIDS Sexual risk behaviors Injection drug use risk behaviors Criminal justice system Women and gender differences ... Contraception. 2015;91(6):438-55.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar. *. 51. ... Male and female rural probationers: HIV risk behaviors and knowledge. AIDS care. 2006;18(4):339-44.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ...
Contraception. 1999;59(3):195-201.Google Scholar. *. 61.. Hobbs MM, Steiner MJ, Rich KD, Gallo MF, Alam A, Rahman M, et al. ... Women with Sexual GBV had higher scores for disordered alcohol use than women with Low GBV, but similar sexual risk behavior. ... HIV sexual risk behavior among low-income women experiencing intimate partner violence: the role of posttraumatic stress ... Gaffoor Z, Wand H, Daniels B, Ramjee G. High risk sexual behaviors are associated with sexual violence among a cohort of women ...
Results of search for su:{Contraception behavior} and location:READING-RM Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to ... Psychosocial determinants of fertility and contraception in Venezuela / Snehendu B. Kar and Ramon Gonzalez-Cerrutti.. by Kar ... Beyond acceptability : users perspectives on contraception / edited by T. K. Sundari Ravindran, Marge Berer and Jane ... Eléments de la technologie de la contraception : manuel à l intention du personnel clinique.Online access: Full text now in ...
... responsible sexual behavior (including condom use to prevent sexually transmitted diseases), and contraceptive use (including ... the use of emergency contraception). This dialogue should begin before initial sexual activity and continue throughout the ... responsible sexual behavior education, and improved contraceptive counseling and delivery. Many of these strategies are ... In general, these programs aim to improve the use of contraception and to modify the high-risk behaviors associated with ...
Changes in Sexual Risk Behavior as Young Men Transition to Adulthood. Jacinda K. Dariotis,Freya L. Sonenstein,Gary J. Gates, ... Implementing an Advance Emergency Contraception Policy: What Happens in the Real World?. Paul G. Whittaker,Kay A. Armstrongand ... The Link Between Couples Pregnancy Intentions And Behavior: Does It Matter Who Is Asked?. Maureen R. WallerandMarianne P. ... The Opposite of Sex? Adolescents Thoughts About Abstinence and Sex, and Their Sexual Behavior. N. Tatiana Masters,Blair A. ...
see also: Addiction and Habituation; Alcohol Use and Abuse; Behavior, Health-Related; Contraception; Counseling; Drug Abuse ... Rationales for such behavior seem to have moved from "sex with commitment" (as in the case of historic betrothal practices or ... Given the data on adolescent behavior, the media seems to ignore or discount a view of abstinence or celibacy subscribed to ... Miller, B. C., and Olson, T. D. (1988). "Sexual Attitudes and Behavior of High School Students in Relation to Background and ...
... and more than half of those pregnancies occurred in a month when the woman was using contraception. Contraception is a topic ... Behavior-based birth control methods, also referred to as natural family planning, such as "rhythm" and withdrawal, have ... Long-term contraception should be initiated immediately after emergency contraception, as a woman can become pregnant later in ... An estimated 95% of women have used this form of contraception at some point [14,60]. Among women currently using contraception ...
Scientists: Hormonal Contraceptives May Alter Behavior; Widespread Use Could Lead to Significant Consequences for Society. by ... Contraception - Chemical Methods / Hormonal Contraception / Emergency / Morning After Pill. *Contraception - Adverse Effects: ... Contraception - Adverse Effects: Cancer / Stroke / Abortion. *Contraception - Chemical Methods / Hormonal Contraception / ... Foremost Expert on Contraception Says the Pill is Not Working - Its Outdated (7/08). by APFLI , Jul 12, 2008 , Contraception ...
Sexual behavior in Germany. A sexual history and consultation in the practice setting can contribute to counteracting the ... In common usage, term "contraception" is often used for both contraception and contragestion. ... Why these sperm are the key to the future of fertility - and contraception. Despite the huge global demand for both fertility ... treatment and contraception, there are surprisingly few options to boost male fertility, or for male contraception. To have ...
Cluster, Randomized Trial on Long Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) Education and Training. *Contraception Behavior ... Hormonal Contraception in Healthy Young Men (P42306)(COMPLETED)(P06057). *Contraception. *Drug: etonogestrel with testosterone ... Use of hormonal contraception. 177. Female. 16 Years to 60 Years (Child, Adult). NCT00520455. 037249C. January 2004. June 2005 ... Uptake of long-acting contraception. 112. Female. 18 Years to 35 Years (Adult). NCT03224390. E0108. July 12, 2017. November 30 ...
Contraception Behavior Behavioral: Peer CBT Intervention Not Applicable Detailed Description:. This is a randomized controlled ... Factors Predicting Ineffective Contraception Use. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the ... Consistent contraception use at 14-week follow-up [ Time Frame: 14-week follow-up ]. Categorical (yes/no). Self report of using ... female, aged 18-45, sexually active with a man in past 3 months, report inconsistent or no contraception use in the past 3 ...
CDC Report shows improved usage of contraception and birth control for American teens According to a new report (PDF) from the ... Sexting linked to sexual behavior in early adolescence A study from USC researchers provides new understanding of the ... Access to long-term contraception lowers teen pregnancy rates, study says The study counseled young women on the benefits of ... Heartening is the trend of improved usage of contraception or birth control says the report. ...
Use of postpartum contraception decreased significantly with age in only one state, Hawaii (Table 8). In five states (Alaska, ... These behaviors and experiences can occur before pregnancy (e.g., insufficient intake of folic acid), during pregnancy (e.g., ... Contraception 1997;56:223--32. *DAngelo D, Colley Gilbert B. From data to action: using surveillance to promote public health ... Various behaviors and experiences are associated with adverse health outcomes for both the mother and infant. These experiences ...
Schreier, J., Sheth, A.N., Lathrop, E., Sales, J.M., & Haddad, L.B. (2017 October). Contraception. ... AIDS and Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-017-1913-4 ... with the dual purpose of contraception and HIV prevention. View ...
Learn about menstrual cycle phases and how hormonal changes influence a womans behavior. ... Contraception Speak: What Is Perfect Use of Birth Control?. Experts describe effectiveness of birth control in terms of a ... How Your Menstrual Cycle Affects Your Behavior. Feeling moody? It could be your menstrual cycle. Find out how your hormones can ... Access to Birth Control, Sex Ed, and Womens Health Services Is at Risk: The Politics of Contraception in Modern America. ...
  • Lead study author Renee Heffron, an epidemiology doctoral student working with the International Clinical Research Center at UW, said the research emphasizes the need for couples to use condoms in addition to other forms of contraception to prevent pregnancy and HIV. (healthcanal.com)
  • A new study challenges the assumption that women with the greatest desire to avoid pregnancy use more effective contraceptive methods and that women who might welcome pregnancy do not use contraception. (psychcentral.com)
  • About 13 percent of women with a high preference to avoid pregnancy reported no use of contraception. (psychcentral.com)
  • The finding tells us that women use contraception for all sorts of reasons, and contraceptive counseling shouldn't be guided by pregnancy preferences alone. (psychcentral.com)
  • Successful strategies to prevent adolescent pregnancy include community programs to improve social development, responsible sexual behavior education, and improved contraceptive counseling and delivery. (aafp.org)
  • 3 This decline has been attributed to delayed initiation of sexual intercourse, increased use of contraception, and education about human immunodeficiency virus transmission and pregnancy prevention. (aafp.org)
  • The Link Between Couples' Pregnancy Intentions And Behavior: Does It Matter Who Is Asked? (guttmacher.org)
  • There are three main routes to preventing or ending pregnancy: the prevention of fertilization of the ovum by sperm cells (" contraception "), the prevention of implantation of the blastocyst (" contragestion "), and the chemical or surgical induction of abortion of the developing embryo or, later, fetus. (medicalxpress.com)
  • These behaviors and experiences can occur before pregnancy (e.g., insufficient intake of folic acid), during pregnancy (e.g., complications requiring hospitalization, such as high blood pressure), and after pregnancy (e.g., inadequate follow-up of infants who were discharged early). (cdc.gov)
  • Description of System: The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is an ongoing, state- and population-based surveillance system designed to monitor selected self-reported maternal behaviors and experiences that occur before, during, and after pregnancy among women who deliver a live-born infant in 31 states and New York City. (cdc.gov)
  • 47.1% of women who reported unintended pregnancy were not using [‎corrected]‎ contraception. (who.int)
  • Despite reported high contraceptive usage, nearly 40% of women were at risk for unintended pregnancy primarily due to inconsistent contraceptive use and use of ineffective contraception. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Strategies for improving consistency of effective contraception use or greater emphasis on long-acting contraception may be needed for certain subpopulations at higher risk for unintended pregnancy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Access to, and utilization of, pregnancy planning services including proper use of safe and effective contraception, plays an important role in combating the problem of unintended pregnancy. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A recent meta-analysis evaluating 26 randomized controlled pregnancy prevention programs (school based, family planning, community based programs) showed that none had a significant impact in improving the use of contraception or in reducing the number of pregnancies among adolescents [ 6 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Emergency contraception refers to contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. (acog.org)
  • Counsel all women at risk of pregnancy about emergency contraception and provide patient education materials and reminders in electronic health records, which prompt clinicians and staff to address emergency contraception during visits. (acog.org)
  • Support public and clinician education clarifying that emergency contraception will not terminate an established pregnancy. (acog.org)
  • Emergency contraception may be used to prevent pregnancy after an unprotected or inadequately protected act of sexual intercourse. (acog.org)
  • Emergency contraception is effective in preventing pregnancy within 120 hours after unprotected intercourse, but it is most effective if used as soon as possible, especially within 24 hours ( 1 ). (acog.org)
  • A copper IUD is the most effective form of emergency contraception for medically eligible women and is highly effective to prevent pregnancy if inserted up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse (1 -3 ). (acog.org)
  • Women of lower socioeconomic positions use contraception less and use less effective contraceptive methods, having the highest risk of unintended pregnancy. (isciii.es)
  • Contraception is a pillar in reducing adolescent pregnancy rates. (aappublications.org)
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians develop a working knowledge of contraception to help adolescents reduce risks of and negative health consequences related to unintended pregnancy. (aappublications.org)
  • Pediatricians play an important role in adolescent pregnancy prevention and contraception. (aappublications.org)
  • This report highlights the status of a key policy that states can use to reduce teen pregnancy: increasing access to contraceptive counseling and services by expanding the age and income eligibility levels for Medicaid coverage of family planning services to increase teens' access to healthcare services, including contraception and other preventive services. (cdc.gov)
  • Other strategies for reducing teen pregnancy that are supported by scientific evidence include providing sexual health education for adolescents, using positive youth development approaches, and improving parent-child communication and parental monitoring of youth behavior (10-13). (cdc.gov)
  • Evaluation of a pregnancy prevention programme using the Contraceptive Behavior Change model. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Male partner pregnancy-promoting behaviors and adolescent partner violence: findings from a qualitative study with adolescent females. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This paper reports on a subset of females who described abusive male partners' explicit pregnancy-promoting behaviors (ie, messages and behaviors that led females to believe their partner was actively trying to impregnate them). (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy-promoting behaviors of male abusive partners may be one potential mechanism underlying associations between adolescent IPV and pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • These findings suggest that exploring pregnancy intentions and behaviors of partners of sexually active adolescents may help to identify youth experiencing IPV. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Because of these risks, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has declared teen pregnancy a national public health priority, and the CDC-along with the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists-recommends LARC as a safe and highly effective method of pregnancy prevention for adolescents seeking contraception. (medicalxpress.com)
  • An evidence-based, flexible, patient-centered approach to initiating contraception may help to lower the high rate of unintended pregnancy in the United States. (aafp.org)
  • To address this problem, family physicians can make contraception safely and promptly available to their patients, with special attention to those at highest risk of unintended pregnancy. (aafp.org)
  • 42{\%} of the respondents risked by their behavior an unplanned pregnancy. (rug.nl)
  • What she most likely does not know is that she still has time to prevent an unintended pregnancy -- that there is indeed something called postcoital contraception obtainable in the United States. (nytimes.com)
  • Many adolescents engage in sexual activity but may not be fully informed about contraception, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection. (merckmanuals.com)
  • World Population Day 2018 Highlights Ineffective and Unsafe Pregnancy Prevention Behaviors and Practices. (msh.org)
  • [2] The Egyptians believed that this form of contraception could prevent pregnancy, sometimes for up to three years. (listverse.com)
  • Finally, the authors present simulations of the costs and effects of three policy initiatives-a mass media campaign that encourages men to use condoms, a teen pregnancy prevention program that discourages sexual activity and educates participants about proper contraceptive use, and an expansion in access to Medicaid-subsidized contraception. (brookings.edu)
  • Not always, of course - not everyone has access to effective contraception and accessible abortion, and some women are subjected to enforced pregnancy. (nytimes.com)
  • Those who do not want to be pregnant must avoid sex entirely during fertile days or use another form of contraception such as a condom to avoid pregnancy. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Correct and consistent use of effective contraception is the primary method to prevent UP. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 1 Each year, approximately 750 000 adolescents become pregnant, with more than 80% of these pregnancies unplanned, indicating an unmet need for effective contraception in this population. (aappublications.org)
  • The observational study of nearly 3,800 couples in Africa finds that women using hormonal contraception -such as a birth control pill or a shot like Depo-Provera - are at double the risk of acquiring HIV. (healthcanal.com)
  • Moreover, HIV-infected women who use hormonal contraception have twice the risk of transmitting the virus to their HIV-uninfected male partners. (healthcanal.com)
  • Women should be counseled about potentially increased risk of HIV acquisition and transmission with hormonal contraception, particularly injectable methods, and about the importance of dual protection with condoms to decrease HIV risk," said Heffron. (healthcanal.com)
  • Jared Baeten, an associate professor of global health with the International Clinical Research Center, said to his knowledge this is the first prospective study to show increased HIV risk to male partners of HIV-infected women who use hormonal contraception. (healthcanal.com)
  • More than 140 million women worldwide use hormonal contraception, including daily oral pills and long-acting injectables, like Depo-Provera, according to the researchers. (healthcanal.com)
  • The best contraception today is injectable hormonal contraception because you don't need a doctor, it's long-lasting, it enables women to control timing and spacing of birth without a lot of fuss and travel…If it is now proven that these contraceptions are helping spread the AIDS epidemic, we have a major health crisis on our hands. (healthcanal.com)
  • In a supplement to its November 2008 issue, top reproductive health journal Fertility and Sterility published the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) statement, "Hormonal contraception: recent advances and controversies. (physiciansforlife.org)
  • These high discontinuation rates suggest that barriers to successful utilization of contraceptives exist, and they highlight the need to routinely provide condoms and emergency contraception to women initiating hormonal contraception. (nih.gov)
  • 2 , 3 Although condoms are the most frequently used form of contraception (52% of females reported condom use at last sex), use of more effective hormonal methods, including combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and other hormonal methods, was lower, at 31% and 12%, respectively, in 2011. (aappublications.org)
  • Additionally, medical indications for hormonal contraception, such as dysmenorrhea, heavy menstrual bleeding or other abnormal uterine bleeding, acne, and polycystic ovary syndrome, are often uncovered during adolescent visits. (aappublications.org)
  • Hormonal contraception, intrauterine devices and systems, and emergency contraception are addressed in more detail in the following section. (cmaj.ca)
  • Decreased susceptibility to false memories from misinformation in hormonal contraception users. (usm.edu)
  • Hormonal contraception and the risk of HIV acquisition: An individual participant data meta-analysis. (thebodypro.com)
  • Evaluate various pharmacologic forms of contraception. (netce.com)
  • 1,2 It has been observed that different countries in Europe not only have differences in the prevalence of the use of contraception but also in the forms of contraception used. (isciii.es)
  • The original mandate, enforcing part of the Affordable Care Act, included that insurers must provide, at no cost, all FDA-approved forms of contraception. (cnn.com)
  • The decision apparently relates to many closely held, for-profit businesses, which, prior to the ruling, likely would have been required under Obamacare, more formally known as the Affordable Care Act, to provide varied forms of contraception to employees. (law.com)
  • The family physician plays a key role by engaging adolescent patients in confidential, open, and nonthreatening discussions of reproductive health, responsible sexual behavior (including condom use to prevent sexually transmitted diseases), and contraceptive use (including the use of emergency contraception). (aafp.org)
  • Sandra Fluke, the student who was at the center of a firestorm over contraception rules at her religious university, applauded the decision, saying in a statement, 'I am very pleased that under these policies all women, regardless of what school they attend or where they work, will soon have affordable access to contraception. (cnn.com)
  • American teens, in particular, face multiple barriers in timely access to contraception. (aafp.org)
  • This youth social and behavior change communication (SBCC) strategy supports the Government of Tanzania's efforts to improve the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors among young people. (fhi360.org)
  • Evidence from this analysis suggests that the reduction in fertility associated with raising income thresholds for eligibility was accomplished via greater use of contraception. (brookings.edu)
  • Psychosocial determinants of fertility and contraception in Venezuela / Snehendu B. Kar and Ram'on Gonz'alez-Cerrutti. (who.int)
  • Despite the huge global demand for both fertility treatment and contraception, there are surprisingly few options to boost male fertility, or for male contraception. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Education, wealth, age, number of children, and fertility preferences were positively associated with contraception use, while residence in the Badia area and consanguineous marriages were negatively associated with contraception use. (nih.gov)
  • But whatever our biological inclinations may be, many human beings do take control over their fertility, thanks to contemporary means of contraception and abortion. (nytimes.com)
  • How Do Fertility Awareness-Based Methods of Contraception Work? (everydayhealth.com)
  • Pro-life advocates who oppose abortion, but not contraception, have long considered the Pill as an ethical contraceptive option, as opposed to the IUD, which causes abortions by preventing implantation. (physiciansforlife.org)
  • Contraception, abortion, and Planned Parenthood debate: Long-acting birth control is most effective at preventing unplanned pregnancies. (slate.com)
  • Critics of contraception point to several studies in which access to birth control increased, or more people claimed to be using it, while the abortion rate held steady or went up. (slate.com)
  • Attitude toward contraception and abortion among Curacao women: Ineffective contraception due to limited sexual education? (rug.nl)
  • van den Brink, M , Boersma, AA, Meyboom-de Jong, B & de Bruijn, JGM 2011, ' Attitude toward contraception and abortion among Curacao women: Ineffective contraception due to limited sexual education? (rug.nl)
  • We present data on the relevance of economic and socio cultural factors for the high abortion-rates and the ineffective use of contraception.Methods: Structured interviews to investigate knowledge and attitudes toward sexuality, contraception and abortion and reasons for ineffective use of contraceptives among women, visiting general practitioners.Results: Of 158 women, 146 (92{\%}) participated and 82{\%} reported that their education on sexuality and about contraception was of good quality. (rug.nl)
  • Most respondents considered abortion as an emergency procedure, not as contraception. (rug.nl)
  • Among women who had sex in the last 30 days, 21 percent reported not using any contraceptive method, while 17 percent used IUDs or implants, 31 percent used Short Acting Reversible Contraception including the Pill, and 20 percent used condoms. (psychcentral.com)
  • But there's a common thread in these and other episodes of birth-control failure: The contraception that was distributed or selected-condoms in Spain, pills in Sweden-required diligent use. (slate.com)
  • According to the 2002 report, among respondents aged 15-44 years, oral contraception, condoms and sterilization were the contraceptive methods of choice. (cmaj.ca)
  • Oral contraception and condoms were the predominant methods reported by unmarried women aged 15-17. (cmaj.ca)
  • These findings of the predominance of oral contraception, condoms and sterilization reflect the narrow range of contraceptive method choices made by Canadians. (cmaj.ca)
  • Birth control, condoms and emergency contraception have all served their purpose in my life, because each work in different preventative ways. (cnn.com)
  • Public Health Action: State maternal and child health programs can use these population-based data to monitor progress toward Healthy People 2010 objectives, evaluate adherence to guidelines for care, and assess changes in prevalence of other health behaviors. (cdc.gov)
  • To estimate the prevalence and attitudes of these behaviors in young women, Malacad and her team administered an anonymous questionnaire, to 181 women aged 18-25 years. (psychcentral.com)
  • Implementing an Advance Emergency Contraception Policy: What Happens in the Real World? (guttmacher.org)
  • Discuss issues related to postpartum and emergency contraception. (netce.com)
  • Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception in 1998, numerous barriers to emergency contraception remain. (acog.org)
  • The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to examine barriers to the use of emergency contraception, emphasize the importance of increasing access, and review new methods of emergency contraception and limitations in efficacy in special populations. (acog.org)
  • Counsel patients that a copper intrauterine device (IUD) is the most effective form of emergency contraception. (acog.org)
  • Obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers should consider integrating copper IUD emergency contraception provision into their practices and allowing same-day provision of IUDs. (acog.org)
  • Write advance prescriptions for emergency contraception, particularly for ulipristal acetate, to increase awareness and reduce barriers to immediate access. (acog.org)
  • Use a visit for emergency contraception as an opportunity to provide information about all contraceptive methods and to initiate a regular method, when possible. (acog.org)
  • Use social media to conduct campaigns regarding access to emergency contraception. (acog.org)
  • Provide a referral for a woman who desires emergency contraception if her health care provider, pharmacy, or institution has an objection to providing it. (acog.org)
  • Collaborate with pharmacies and other retail outlets to avoid misinformation and ensure timely access to emergency contraception. (acog.org)
  • The purpose of this study is to see if women presenting for emergency contraception (EC) are willing to accept the copper intrauterine device (IUD). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • What About Emergency Contraception? (msh.org)
  • Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius ruled that girls under 17 need a prescription for emergency contraception. (philly.com)
  • In a move sure to rankle anti-birth control activists, the American Academy of Pediatrics, one of the nation's foremost expert groups on child and adolescent health, recommended Monday that its members provide emergency contraception to "teenagers in immediate need" and also write prescriptions, in advance, for emergency contraception "for teenagers to have on hand in case of future need. (philly.com)
  • The move seeks to skirt a federal ban on over-the-counter sales of emergency contraception to girls under 17 and to educate physicians on the use, safety and efficacy of these pills. (philly.com)
  • The pediatrics academy 's announcement comes in the wake of a Food and Drug Administration recommendation, just under a year ago, that called for emergency contraception to be available for all girls of reproductive age but was overruled by Kathleen Sebelius , secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services. (philly.com)
  • FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg, whose agency is part of HHS, had no choice but to agree with Sebelius' ruling on emergency contraception. (philly.com)
  • A review of relevant literature on the use of emergency contraception by adolescent and young adult women by scientists from the University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health found that providing the pills before sex rather than after it had no effect "in ongoing contraceptive use or risky sexual behavior. (philly.com)
  • Speaking to NBC news, Arthur Caplan, head of the division of medical ethics at NYU Langone Medical Center, formerly of Penn, said Monday that he believes that "having emergency contraception readily available will surely lead to fewer young women getting pregnant and fewer abortions. (philly.com)
  • Our findings do not suggest that vaccination status is associated with changes in sexual risk behavior and thus it is unlikely that this might influence the effectiveness of the vaccination program. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In these circumstances, adolescents' behavior is determined by their own moral and behavioral code. (merckmanuals.com)
  • To assess over time whether exposure to sexual content in 4 mass media (television, movies, music, and magazines) used by early adolescents predicts sexual behavior in middle adolescence. (aappublications.org)
  • When this happens, the offender often displayed antisocial behavior even before reaching adolescence. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] Because most teenagers tend to show some form of antisocial or delinquent behavior during adolescence, it is important to account for these behaviors in childhood in order to determine whether they will be life-course-persistent offenders or adolescence-limited offenders. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of the great dangers of adolescence, is the predisposition for "sensation seeking" behavior. (eurekalert.org)
  • However, juvenile offending can be considered to be normative adolescent behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • But honey was also another ingredient used by the ancient Egyptians to create a form of contraception, probably after realizing that crocodile dung wasn't working. (listverse.com)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has allowed an app used to track ovulation and a woman's fertile and infertile days to be marketed as a form of contraception, as of August 10, 2018. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Although risky sexual behaviors are associated with lower age and fewer years of formal education, and that college students use contraceptive methods more frequently than the average population of the same age (Hugo et al. (bvsalud.org)
  • Contraception is a topic with which any provider that sees women in a primary care environment must be familiar, but it can be challenging to stay up-to-date with all possible methods and to answer patients' questions about side effects and health risks. (netce.com)
  • Over the past 10 years, a number of new contraceptive methods have become available to adolescents, newer guidance has been issued on existing contraceptive methods, and the evidence base for contraception for special populations (adolescents who have disabilities, are obese, are recipients of solid organ transplants, or are HIV infected) has expanded. (aappublications.org)
  • METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 53 sexually active adolescent females, with known history of IPV, about violence, sexual experiences, and related behaviors. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Canadian Contraception Studies, 4 - 9 conducted in 1993, 1995, 1998 and 2002 with nationally representative samples of women, have provided information about Canadians' choices of contraceptive methods. (cmaj.ca)
  • The Canadian Contraception Studies 8 , 9 also explored reasons for Canadians' choices of contraceptive methods. (cmaj.ca)
  • Because similar survey questions and sampling approaches were used for every Canadian Contraception Study, 4 - 9 we are able to describe trends in the choice of contraceptive methods from 1993 to 2002 among Canadians aged 15-44 years. (cmaj.ca)
  • This study will also compare the use of effective methods of contraception between women who selected the copper IUD or Plan B 6 months after they received EC. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Programs providing access to subsidized contraception have also been effective and would be even more so if they could increase the use not just of contraceptives, but of long-acting, reversible contraceptive methods such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants. (brookings.edu)
  • Study Aim and Objectives: To describe the knowledge, attitude and behaviour related to HIV/AIDS amongst female adolescents who are accessing the primary health care (PHC) services for contraception. (uwc.ac.za)
  • The less surveilled environment may favor the occurrence of risky health behaviors. (bvsalud.org)
  • Self-care behavior, a key concept in health promotion, refers to decisions and actions that an individual can take to cope with a health problem or to improve his or her health. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Generally, health care practitioners encourage and support patients to practice self-care behaviors because patients then actively participate in their own care. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Other experts define self-care in terms of individual behavior when a person functions on his or her own behalf in health promotion and prevention or in disease detection and treatment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some authors discuss self-care as a kind of social movement and not in terms of specific health-related behaviors and activities. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Gender-based violence (GBV) is common among female sex workers (FSWs) and is associated with multiple HIV risk factors, including poor mental health, high-risk sexual behavior, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (springer.com)
  • In 2001, the U.S. Surgeon General presented "The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Promote Sexual Health and Responsible Sexual Behavior," 6 which discussed the need for a national dialogue on this topic, expanding research into sexual health, and improving health care access and social interventions to increase responsible sexual behaviors. (aafp.org)
  • Problem/Condition: Various maternal behaviors and experiences are associated with adverse health outcomes for both the mother and the infant. (cdc.gov)
  • PRAMS data can be used to produce statewide estimates of various perinatal health behaviors and experiences among women delivering a live infant. (cdc.gov)
  • Analysing a sample (n = 3434) from the 2007 Jordan demographic and health survey, women who reported ever experiencing severe physical violence from their husband were significantly less likely to use contraception than women who did not report severe physical violence (OR = 0.34). (nih.gov)
  • However, some adolescents adopt risk behaviors that may affect their sexual health ( 2 , 3 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • An analytical descriptive study using a questionnaire about sexual behaviors, adapted from the World Health Organization. (scielo.br)
  • A working knowledge of contraception will assist the pediatrician in both sexual health promotion and treatment of common adolescent gynecologic problems. (aappublications.org)
  • In the setting of contraception and sexual health care, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) believes that policies supporting adolescent consent and protecting adolescent confidentiality are in the best interests of adolescents. (aappublications.org)
  • Contraception is a significant concern for Canadian women of child-bearing age, their partners and their health care providers. (cmaj.ca)
  • Respondents who used oral contraception reported choosing this method on the basis of its effectiveness, ease of use and recommendation by their health care provider. (cmaj.ca)
  • But on contraception, the Catholic bishops have taken a stance that violates the basic rights that affect millions of Catholics across the country and shows a lack of concern for women's health. (cnn.com)
  • to Personal Health Health, disease, influence of family & community 3 levels of health promotion/disease prevention Beliefs, attitudes, bias, stereotyping, and behavior of individual & community toward health disorders and aging process. (merlot.org)
  • Assess health behavior choices, apply that information to everyday life for the improvement of individual, family, and community well-being (Lumen, 2012). (merlot.org)
  • 2. Identify preconceived ideas about knowledge, values, and behavior that affect health and compare with established research and accepted scientific evidence (Lumen, 2012). (merlot.org)
  • These data are particularly useful in highlighting an area in which health educators and parents can intervene to reduce the risks of oral and other sexual behaviors, and provide targeted information about the emotional implications associated with engagement in oral sex. (psychcentral.com)
  • Information about sexual behavior and sexual health is often collected in epidemiologic studies. (frontiersin.org)
  • The NAWEZA communication strategy guides the design and implementation of integrated social and behavior change interventions and messages that promote priority health behaviors in Tanzania. (fhi360.org)
  • A study by Mullany, Becker and Hindin (2007) provided evidence that educating pregnant women and their male partners yields a greater net impact on maternal health behaviors compared with education of women alone. (jhu.edu)
  • A few schools, after the passage of Obamacare, indicated similar concerns about their health insurance policies covering things like contraception. (washingtonmonthly.com)
  • Many of these schools, like Hobby Lobby , discovered that their health care shouldn't cover contraception only after the passage of Obamacare, having cheerfully covered such drugs for years without concern, but it doesn't really matter here. (washingtonmonthly.com)
  • The rapidly increasing burden of chronic diseases linked to adequacy of healthcare services and individual health behaviors is a key determinant of global public health. (rrh.org.au)
  • The objective of this article was to report on efforts in surveillance of health conditions and behaviors in underserved rural Dominican communities. (rrh.org.au)
  • Descriptive analyses of select health conditions and behavior variables from all completed surveys were tabulated. (rrh.org.au)
  • The Obama administration also announced a new final rule on student health plans that effectively applies the contraception accommodation to religiously affiliated universities. (cnn.com)
  • The new regulation prohibits lifetime limits on contraception and covers preventive services without cost-sharing for students on a college or university health plan. (cnn.com)
  • Identify the most common health and behavior risks affecting students' academic performance. (ryerson.ca)
  • Modern Family star Sarah Hyland was among the many stars speaking out Friday about President Donald Trump 's controversial decision to roll back an Obamacare requirement that employers include birth control coverage in their health insurance plans without a co-pay - a decision made, Trump's administration claimed, under the guise of protecting religious freedom and moral sensibilities as birth control promotes " risky sexual behavior . (people.com)
  • It doesn't mean that children who watch violence are going to become murderers, but it does mean that they are desensitized to violence in the real world and they are more likely to be aggressive themselves,' says study author Dr. Dimitri Christakis, director of the Center for Child Health, Behavior, and Development at Seattle Children's Research Institute. (cnn.com)
  • The case, whose official name is Zubik vs. Burwell , involves a challenge by religious nonprofit organizations to federal regulations requiring that employer-provided health insurance plans include contraception for women at no additional cost to the employee. (latimes.com)
  • She also stated that 40% of Georgetown Law School's female population suffered financial hardship as a result of birth control not being covered by the student health insurance plan, and that the lack of contraception coverage in the university insurance plans would induce many low income students to go without contraceptives. (wikipedia.org)
  • AIM: This paper is a report of the findings of a study to examine the effects of application of the Contraceptive Behavior Change model on knowledge, attitudes, perceived benefits and barriers, self-efficacy (SE), stages of change (SOC) and contraceptive behaviours. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The questionnaire contained questions about numerous behaviors and attitudes regarding different sexual practices. (psychcentral.com)
  • Malachad's study is useful in quantifying a sexual behavior that has been of great media interest, and getting information from the young women themselves regarding their knowledge and attitudes. (psychcentral.com)
  • Much research has shown that adolescents' sexual attitudes and behaviors are influenced by media," says Ross O'Hara, currently a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Missouri, who conducted the research with other psychological scientists while at Dartmouth College. (eurekalert.org)
  • The study, "Impact of the Rochester LARC Initiative on Adolescents' Utilization of Long-Acting Reversible Contraception," used Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System data from the years 2013, 2015, and 2017 for Rochester, New York City, New York State, and the U.S. overall. (medicalxpress.com)
  • On its face it might seem obvious that providing contraception to women will reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies and births. (brookings.edu)
  • Women may choose not to take advantage of the services and many who do would have obtained contraception privately otherwise. (brookings.edu)
  • Women may also increase their level of sexual activity, canceling out the effectiveness of any increased use of contraception. (brookings.edu)
  • Women are most unlikely to adopt contraception unless they resume ft1enstruation as they believe that fecundity returns only after the resumption of menstruation. (ac.bd)
  • Women with Sexual GBV had higher scores for disordered alcohol use than women with Low GBV , but similar sexual risk behavior. (springer.com)
  • This project examines the feasibility and possible efficacy of reducing ineffective contraception using an intervention that addresses depressive symptoms and self concept among young, low-income, predominantly minority women at risk for UP. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Sheets is just one of the many women who experience premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, a collection of unpleasant symptoms, such as anxiety and bloating, that typically occur one to two weeks before menstruation and might influence behavior through in the menstrual cycle. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Recent studies have concluded that women are indeed more likely to display sexual behavior just before ovulating and may have a greater tolerance to pain too. (everydayhealth.com)
  • 1006 surveys were analyzed with 96% of women reporting contraception use in the last 3 months. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study explored the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and current contraception use among ever-married women in Jordan. (nih.gov)
  • Conversely, women who reported ever experiencing sexual IPV were significantly more likely to use contraception (OR = 1.50). (nih.gov)
  • The findings have implications for the provision of IPV screening and contraception services in Jordan, as well as the specification of services for women most vulnerable to IPV. (nih.gov)
  • 1-3 A recent study showed that 70% of sexually active women in Spain aged 15-49 years used contraception during their first intercourse and 78% used it during the four weeks prior to the interview. (isciii.es)
  • However, the Institute of Medicine has recommended contraception as an essential component of adolescent preventive care, 6 and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (Pub L No. 111-148) requires coverage of preventive services for women, which includes contraception, without a copay. (aappublications.org)
  • NuvaRing, Yaz, And Third-Generation Contraception: Is The Medical Establishment Failing To Protect Women? (medicaldaily.com)
  • Meanwhile, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) convenes hearings in order to listen to the opinions of experts but refuses to acknowledge the voices of women or their families who hope only to warn others that these third generation contraception products may harm or even kill young, healthy women. (medicaldaily.com)
  • The 20 percent of students who experienced inappropriate sexual behavior included 34 percent of undergraduate women, 14 percent of undergraduate men, 19 percent of graduate student women and 6 percent of graduate student men. (healthcanal.com)
  • Con el objetivo de documentar el nivel de conocimiento y las actitudes con respecto a sexualidad y las prácticas sexuales de los adolescentes varones de colegios secundarios en Lima, Peru, 991 estudiantes varones, entre los 12-19 años, completaron una encuesta autoaplicable y anónima dentro de un Programa de Prevención de Comportamientos Sexuales de Riesgo. (scielosp.org)
  • A new study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology shows that a University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) community outreach initiative has helped adolescents in Rochester adopt long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) at a rate far higher than the U.S. overall. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Contraception support interventions must take into account the different barriers that affect men's and women's contraceptive behaviors. (bvsalud.org)
  • Research has shown that low self-esteem and elevated depressive symptoms increase women's risk for ineffective contraception use and, by extension, for UP. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Several studies have highlighted the factors that influence women's use of contraception. (isciii.es)
  • 4 This same study showed that women's characteristics such as age, level of education, country of origin, religiousness and age at first intercourse influence the use of contraception at first intercourse, and that in the case of the use of contraception during the last four weeks characteristics such as living with a partner, having children and having used contraception at first intercourse appear to be more relevant. (isciii.es)
  • 2015). Therefore, studies must investigate which factors related to sexual behavior may increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancies in college students. (bvsalud.org)
  • Almost half of the pregnancies in the United States are unintended, and more than half of those pregnancies occurred in a month when the woman was using contraception. (netce.com)
  • The idea that contraception wouldn't prevent unintended pregnancies strikes many people as absurd. (slate.com)
  • Secondary outcomes measured will be pregnancies, abortions, repeat Plan B use, presence of gonorrhea or Chlamydia infection at the time of presentation for EC, number of days to first bleeding episode and duration of that bleeding episode, further bleeding patterns, frequency of unprotected intercourse, use of a barrier method for prevention of sexually transmitted infections, patient satisfaction with the chosen method and symptoms possibly related to contraception use. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Noting that these explanations fall generally into three categories-motivation, knowledge, and access-the authors discuss policies designed to motivate individuals to avoid unintended pregnancies, to improve their knowledge about contraception, and to remove barriers to contraceptive access. (brookings.edu)
  • Around 253 sexually active young students answered a questionnaire on sociodemographic and sexual behavior data and a scale on contraceptive opinions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Six years later the participants were surveyed to find out how old they were when they became sexually active and how risky their sexual behavior might have been. (eurekalert.org)
  • The questionnaire asked about contraceptive behaviours and important factors that influence contraception use (identified from a systematic literature review). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ineffective contraception due to limited sexual education? (rug.nl)
  • Democratic members criticized the decision not to include Fluke since it left that panel with only male members, when the hearing covered contraception coverage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heartening is the trend of improved usage of contraception or birth control says the report. (news-medical.net)
  • Her question spurned pushback from one fan, but Hyland quickly clapped back at him, noting that birth control is much more than contraception. (people.com)
  • Contraception Speak: What Is 'Perfect Use' of Birth Control? (everydayhealth.com)
  • The U.S. government has invested $1.4 billion in HIV prevention programs that promote sexual abstinence and marital fidelity, but there is no evidence that these programs have been effective at changing sexual behavior and reducing HIV risk, according to a new Stanford University School of Medicine study. (news-medical.net)
  • RFA-AI-17-028 Next Generation Multipurpose Prevention Technologies (NGM) (R61/R33 - Clinical Trials Optional) - NIAID and NIMH will be accepting applications to support the development of new and innovative multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) with the dual purpose of contraception and HIV prevention. (constantcontact.com)
  • Accordingly, best practice guidelines recommend confidentiality around sexuality and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and minor consent for contraception. (aappublications.org)
  • In the case of HPV vaccination, this could imply that vaccinated individuals might have lower risk perceptions, not only for acquiring HPV, but also other STIs, and therefore show riskier sexual behavior. (biomedcentral.com)
  • White adolescents in the top quintile of sexual media diet when 12 to 14 years old were 2.2 times more likely to have had sexual intercourse when 14 to 16 years old than those who were in the lowest SMD quintile, even after a number of other relevant factors, including baseline sexual behavior, were introduced. (aappublications.org)
  • Factors related to non-use of contraception among couples with an unmet need for family planning in Nepal : final report of an in-depth study conducted by New ERA, Kathmandu, Nepal / Ashoke Shrestha, John Stoeckel, Jayanti Man Tuladhar. (who.int)
  • However, a relationship between self-care behaviors and positive physiological outcomes has not been proven. (encyclopedia.com)
  • By providing data on maternal behaviors and experiences that are associated with adverse outcomes, PRAMS supports the activities of two CDC initiatives---to promote safe motherhood and to reduce infant mortality and low birthweight. (cdc.gov)
  • Black teens appear more influenced by perceptions of their parents' expectations and their friends' sexual behavior than by what they see and hear in the media. (aappublications.org)
  • Sex behavior, perceptions, and contraception. (ryerson.ca)
  • Une étude d'évaluation a été effectuée sur une intervention de communication pour le changement comportemental intégrée dans le programme gouvernemental existant dans le but d'accroître la connaissance et la pratique de la méthode de l'aménorrhée lactationnelle et de la contraception post-partum à travers le conseil d'agents de communauté. (guttmacher.org)
  • La communication ciblée pour le changement comportemental à travers les agents de communauté offre une stratégie efficace et faisable de promotion de la contraception post-partum. (guttmacher.org)
  • The primary outcome for the study is the use of a reliable method of contraception 6 months after presenting for EC. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Furthermore, findings from a survey with 550 university students from the south of Brazil suggest that risk behavior performance is more frequent among senior students when compared to their first-year counterparts (Campos, Isensse, Rucker, & Bottan, 2016). (bvsalud.org)
  • The U.S. female criminal justice (CJ) population is rapidly growing, yet large-scale studies exploring gender-specific HIV risk behaviors in the CJ population are lacking. (springer.com)
  • Data were collected using a standardized HIV risk behavior assessment tool and pooled across studies to describe participants' characteristics and risk behaviors. (springer.com)
  • We also discuss adherence to contraception as well as approaches to counselling to promote adherence and to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections in the context of contraception. (cmaj.ca)
  • Studies assessing risk of sexual behavior and disease are often plagued by questions about the reliability of self-reported sexual behavior. (frontiersin.org)
  • The study did not find significant differences in the risk of experiencing inappropriate sexual behavior based on class year or where students lived on campus. (healthcanal.com)
  • These movies appear to fundamentally influence their personality through changes in sensation-seeking, " O'Hara says, "Which has far-reaching implications for all of their risk-taking behaviors. (eurekalert.org)
  • In a summary of the development of contraception in the United States the statement called oral contraceptives the "most widely used" reversible method. (physiciansforlife.org)
  • Use of oral contraceptives was steady during this period (27% in 1993, 28% in 2002) and remained the most commonly chosen method of reversible contraception. (cmaj.ca)
  • The study was aimed to obtain information on knowledge of mothers about fecundity after childbirth and to explore the reproductive behavior of the mothers related to breastfeeding, postpartum abstinence and contraceptive practices. (ac.bd)
  • Oral sex is becoming a more frequent and acceptable sexual behavior among young people . (psychcentral.com)
  • In univariate analysis, the odds of adherence increased with self-efficacy (a person's conviction that he/she can successfully execute the behavior required to produce a certain desired outcome) in taking medications as prescribed (OR = 3.50, 95% CI 1.90-6.55), and decreased with perception of negative affect and physical concerns (OR = 0.71, 95% CI 0.53-0.95). (scielo.br)