Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.
Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.
Contraceptive devices used by females.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Specialized non-fenestrated tightly-joined ENDOTHELIAL CELLS with TIGHT JUNCTIONS that form a transport barrier for certain substances between the cerebral capillaries and the BRAIN tissue.
Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.
Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.
Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.
Methods of contraception in which physical, chemical, or biological means are used to prevent the SPERM from reaching the fertilizable OVUM.
Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
Individuals requesting induced abortions.
A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)
Sexual activities of humans.
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A specialized barrier, in the TESTIS, between the interstitial BLOOD compartment and the adluminal compartment of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. The barrier is formed by layers of cells from the VASCULAR ENDOTHELIUM of the capillary BLOOD VESSELS, to the SEMINIFEROUS EPITHELIUM of the seminiferous tubules. TIGHT JUNCTIONS form between adjacent SERTOLI CELLS, as well as between the ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
A specialized transport barrier, in the EYE, formed by the retinal pigment EPITHELIUM, and the ENDOTHELIUM of the BLOOD VESSELS of the RETINA. TIGHT JUNCTIONS joining adjacent cells keep the barrier between cells continuous.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Progesterones which have undergone ring contraction or which are lacking carbon 18 or 19.
Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.
The barrier between capillary blood and alveolar air comprising the alveolar EPITHELIUM and capillary ENDOTHELIUM with their adherent BASEMENT MEMBRANE and EPITHELIAL CELL cytoplasm. PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE occurs across this membrane.
Surgical removal of the ductus deferens, or a portion of it. It is done in association with prostatectomy, or to induce infertility. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.
An inactive metabolite of PROGESTERONE by reduction at C5, C3, and C20 position. Pregnanediol has two hydroxyl groups, at 3-alpha and 20-alpha. It is detectable in URINE after OVULATION and is found in great quantities in the pregnancy urine.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.
Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.
The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
The physical condition of human reproductive systems.
Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.
A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.
The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.
Cell-cell junctions that seal adjacent epithelial cells together, preventing the passage of most dissolved molecules from one side of the epithelial sheet to the other. (Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2nd ed, p22)
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
An orally active synthetic progestational hormone used often in combinations as an oral contraceptive.
Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.
Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Agents, either mechanical or chemical, which destroy spermatozoa in the male genitalia and block spermatogenesis.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.
The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Painful menstruation.
ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)
Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.
Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
Pathological conditions resulting from abnormal anabolism or catabolism of lipids in the body.
Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.
Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Contraceptive devices used by males.
Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.
Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
Inspection and PALPATATION of female breasts, abdomen, and GENITALIA, as well as obtaining a gynecological history. (from Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology)
The property of blood capillary ENDOTHELIUM that allows for the selective exchange of substances between the blood and surrounding tissues and through membranous barriers such as the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER; BLOOD-AQUEOUS BARRIER; BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER; BLOOD-NERVE BARRIER; BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER; and BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER. Small lipid-soluble molecules such as carbon dioxide and oxygen move freely by diffusion. Water and water-soluble molecules cannot pass through the endothelial walls and are dependent on microscopic pores. These pores show narrow areas (TIGHT JUNCTIONS) which may limit large molecule movement.
A MARVEL domain protein that plays an important role in the formation and regulation of the TIGHT JUNCTION paracellular permeability barrier.
Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The selectively permeable barrier, in the EYE, formed by the nonpigmented layer of the EPITHELIUM of the CILIARY BODY, and the ENDOTHELIUM of the BLOOD VESSELS of the IRIS. TIGHT JUNCTIONS joining adjacent cells keep the barrier between cells continuous.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Former Netherlands overseas territory in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It had included the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius, and the southern part of St. Martin. The Netherlands Antilles dissolved on October 10, 2010. Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten became autonomous territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are under the direct administration of the Netherlands. (From US Department of State, Background Note)
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Providers of initial care for patients. These PHYSICIANS refer patients when appropriate for secondary or specialist care.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Data recorded by nurses concerning the nursing care given to the patient, including judgment of the patient's progress.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
Size and composition of the family.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The shifting in position or location of an INTRAUTERINE DEVICE from its original placement.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
A subclass of alpha-amylase ISOENZYMES that are secreted into SALIVA.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Chemical compounds that induce menstruation either through direct action on the reproductive organs or through indirect action by relieving another condition of which amenorrhea is a secondary result. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
The application of NURSING knowledge to questions of law. It is a specialty of nursing practice involving victims of crime which includes not only attending to the physical and emotional distress of victims, but also the identifying, collecting, and preserving evidence for law enforcement and the criminal justice system.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
The barrier between the perineurium of PERIPHERAL NERVES and the endothelium (ENDOTHELIUM, VASCULAR) of endoneurial CAPILLARIES. The perineurium acts as a diffusion barrier, but ion permeability at the blood-nerve barrier is still higher than at the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER.
The unmarried man or woman.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
A synthetic steroid with antigonadotropic and anti-estrogenic activities that acts as an anterior pituitary suppressant by inhibiting the pituitary output of gonadotropins. It possesses some androgenic properties. Danazol has been used in the treatment of endometriosis and some benign breast disorders.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.
A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.
The period in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE that is optimal for FERTILIZATION of the OVUM and yielding PREGNANCY. The duration of fertile period depends on the life span of male GAMETES within the female reproductive tract and the time of OVULATION. It usually begins a few days before ovulation and ends on the day of ovulation.
Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.

Effectiveness of female controlled barrier methods in preventing sexually transmitted infections and HIV: current evidence and future research directions. (1/8)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate evidence for the effectiveness of female controlled physical and chemical barrier methods in preventing STI/HIV transmission, to examine recent reviews on microbicide development, and to highlight promising research directions. To discuss challenges in conducting effectiveness research and in translating results to public health intervention. METHODS: Systematic review of articles that examined the disease prevention effectiveness of at least one female controlled barrier method. Review of conference abstracts that presented clinical and preclinical microbicide data. RESULTS: Randomised controlled trials provide evidence that female condoms confer as much protection from STIs as male condoms. Observational studies suggest that the diaphragm protects against STI pathogens. Several microbicide effectiveness studies are under way and new directions, such as adaptation of therapeutic agents as preventive products, are being examined. Substantial attention is now given to product formulation and novel delivery strategies. Combining microbicide products with different mechanisms of action as well as combining chemical and physical barriers will be necessary to maximise prevention effectiveness. CONCLUSIONS: Increased investment in the development and identification of female controlled barrier methods offers promise that additional products will be available in the years ahead. Generalizing trial results to a community setting, promoting products that may be less effective than male condoms, and bringing an effective product to scale introduce public health challenges that warrant attention. The need for female controlled barrier methods that provide women with the opportunity to take an active role in reducing their STI/HIV risk are urgently needed and constitute an essential tool to prevent continued spread of these infections.  (+info)

Efficacy of the male latex condom and of the female polyurethane condom as barriers to semen during intercourse: a randomized clinical trial. (2/8)

In this 2000-2001 study, the authors compared the effectiveness of the male latex condom and the female polyurethane condom by assessing frequency and types of mechanical failure and by evaluating semen exposure during use. Eligible women from Birmingham, Alabama, were randomly assigned to begin the study with 10 male condoms and then switch to 10 female condoms (n = 55), or vice versa (n = 53), and were trained to use both types. Data collection included questionnaires for each condom use and measurement of prostate-specific antigen in specimens of vaginal fluid taken before and after intercourse. Participants returned 700 male condoms and 678 female condoms, and they reported mechanical problems for 9% and 34%, respectively. Moderate-high postcoital prostate-specific antigen levels (> or = 22 ng/ml) were detected in 3.5% of male condom uses and 4.5% of female condom uses (difference = 1%, 95% confidence interval: -1.6, 3.7). Moderate-high prostate-specific antigen values (> or = 22 ng/ml) were more frequent with mechanical problems (male condom, 9.6%; female condom, 9.4%) but less frequent with other problems (3.0% and 0.9%) or correct use with no problems (2.7% and 2.5%). This study indicates that although mechanical problems are more common with the female condom than with the male condom, these devices may involve a similar risk of semen exposure. Objectively assessed semen exposure is associated with self-reported mechanical problems.  (+info)

Acceptability of microbicidal surrogates among Zambian women. (3/8)

OBJECTIVES AND GOAL: This study assessed the acceptability after the use of vaginal lubricants as surrogates for microbicides among women in Zambia and the role of cultural factors as facilitators or impediments to their potential use for HIV risk reduction within the Zambian context. STUDY DESIGN: HIV seronegative women (N = 301) recruited from the University Teaching Hospital HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center were randomized into group, individual, or enhanced usual care arms. Participants attended pre- and post-HIV test counseling, followed by a 3-session, 2-hour once-a-month intervention introducing them to vaginal lubricants (2 types of gels, suppositories) in addition to male and female condoms. Supplies were offered at months 4 and 5; assessments were at baseline, 6, and 12 months. RESULTS: At baseline, the majority of women reported minimal previous exposure to vaginal products and low levels of condom use. Participants' use of products was influenced by product characteristics and perceived partner acceptability; the majority of participants preferred drier products and suppository delivery systems. The basis for decisions regarding vaginal product acceptability changed over time and followed product exposure, and was greatly influenced by perceptions of partner acceptability. CONCLUSION: Results illustrate the influence of male partners on Zambian seronegative women's preferences for microbicidal products, and the change in preferred characteristics over time.  (+info)

Tailored intervention to increase dual-contraceptive method use: a randomized trial to reduce unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. (4/8)

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Do women using long-acting reversible contraception reduce condom use? A novel study design incorporating semen biomarkers. (5/8)

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Moving beyond safe sex to women-controlled safe sex: a concept analysis. (6/8)

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Divergent trends in abortion and birth control practices in belarus, Russia and Ukraine. (7/8)

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Effects of contraception on cervical cytology: data from Mardin City. (8/8)

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Considering the embryofetal toxicity of the nivolumab shown on animals models, the following recommendations for contraception must be followed:. a. If not surgically sterile, female patients of childbearing potential age must use highly effective barrier contraception from signing the Informed Consent Form (ICF) through 6 months after the last treatment dose administered. Highly effective barrier and non barrier contraception included: i. Combined (estrogen and progesterone containing) hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation: Oral Intravaginal Transdermal ii. Progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation: Oral Injectable Implantable iii. Intrauterine device iv. Intrauterine hormone-releasing system v. Bilateral tubal occlusion vi. Sexual abstinence. In each case of delayed menstrual period (over 1 month between menstruations), confirmation of absence of pregnancy is strongly recommended. This recommendation also applies to women of ...
Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use 2 forms of adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) for the duration of study participation, and for four months following completion of study therapy; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; women who become pregnant must immediately discontinue Rx with any study therapy; male pts. should avoid impregnating a female partner; male pts., even if surgically sterilized, (i.e. post-vasectomy) must agree to one of the following: practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study Rx period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug, or completely abstain from sexual ...
Agreement for complete abstinence from intercourse from 2 weeks prior to administration of study drugs, throughout the study and for 2 weeks after discontinuation of all study medications. Should a female subject of childbearing potential decide to become sexually active during the course of the study, she must be counseled and be willing to use one of the contraception methods listed below:. Double barrier contraception (male condom/spermicide, male condom/diaphragm, diaphragm/spermicide) Any intrauterine device (IUD) with published data showing that the expected failure rate is less than 1% per year (not all IUDs meet this criterion) Any other method with published data showing that the lowest expected failure rate for that method is less than 1% per year.. Hormonal contraception is not recommended, due to decreased efficacy of contraception as well as increased risk of hepatic transaminase elevation (see Section 8.2).. All subjects of childbearing potential or developing child-bearing ...
* Follows Common Core Standards * This 24-page booklet-style Novel Study is designed to follow students throughout the entire book. The questions are based on reading comprehension, strategies and skills. The novel study is designed to be enjoyable and keep the students engaged.
* Follows Common Core Standards * This 28-page booklet-style Novel Study is designed to follow students throughout the entire book. The questions are based on reading comprehension, strategies and skills. The novel study is designed to be enjoyable and keep the students engaged.
Each year, approximately 19 million STD cases occur in the United States. The male latex condom is the contraceptive method most commonly used to prevent ...
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Discuss any new symptoms with your doctor. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine.. HIV is spread to others through sexual or blood contact. Talk to your doctor about how to stop the spread of HIV.. Birth control pills, patches, rings, or injections may not work properly while you are taking this medicine. Talk to your doctor about using an extra method of birth control. Women who can still have children must use a reliable form of barrier contraception, like a condom or diaphragm.. This medicine contains large amounts of vitamin E. Do not take vitamin supplements that have vitamin E while you are taking this medicine.. This medicine may affect blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, check with your doctor or health care professional before you change your diet or the dose of your diabetic medicine.. ...
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Discuss any new symptoms with your doctor. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine.. HIV is spread to others through sexual or blood contact. Talk to your doctor about how to stop the spread of HIV.. Birth control pills may not work properly while you are taking this medicine. Talk to your doctor about using an extra method of birth control. Women who can still have children must use a reliable form of barrier contraception, like a condom or diaphragm.. This medicine may affect blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, check with your doctor or health care professional before you change your diet or the dose of your diabetic medicine.. This medicine may cause kidney stones. To help avoid kidney stones, drink plenty of fluids while taking this medicine. Adults should drink at least six 8-ounce glasses of liquids (preferably water) throughout the day, every day. Call your doctor if you notice pain ...
Visit your doctor or health care provider for regular check ups. Discuss any new symptoms with your doctor. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine.. HIV is spread to others through sexual or blood contact. Talk to your doctor about how to stop the spread of HIV.. Birth control pills, patches, rings, or injections may not work properly while you are taking this medicine. Talk to your doctor about using an extra method of birth control. Women who can still have children must use a reliable form of barrier contraception, like a condom or diaphragm.. This medicine may increase blood sugar. Ask your healthcare provider if changes in diet or medicines are needed if you have diabetes.. ...
While the oral contraceptive birth control method is over 99% effective when taken correctly, it is still wise to use barrier protection such as a condom. The pill does not prevent the contraction and spreading of STDs. If you and your partner have not both been tested since entering your relationship, it would not be possible to know whether either of you have contracted an STD in the past. Using barrier contraception in addition to the oral pill will help to prevent the spread of a possible STD. Additionally, variation in the time of day the oral contraceptive is taken, as well as the use of other medications, can reduce its efficiency. By using a backup form of contraception, you are increasing your chances of preventing unwanted pregnancy and the spread of infections ...
The womb veil was a 19th-century American form of barrier contraception consisting of an occlusive pessary, i.e. a device inserted into the vagina to block access of the sperm into the uterus. Made of rubber, it was a forerunner to the modern diaphragm and cervical cap. The name was first used by Edward Bliss Foote in 1863 for the device he designed and marketed. Womb veil became the most common 19th-century American term for similar devices, and continued to be used into the early 20th century. Womb veils were among a range of contraceptive technology of questionable efficacy available to American women of the 19th century, forms of which began to be advertised in the 1830s and 1840s. They could be bought widely through mail-order catalogues; when induced abortion was criminalized during the 1870s, reliance on birth control increased. Womb veils were touted as a discreet form of contraception, with one catalogue of erotic products from the 1860s promising that they could be used by the ...
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Discuss any new symptoms with your doctor. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine. If you have a CMV eye infection have your eyes checked every 4 to 6 weeks.. Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water or fluids daily while taking this medicine to help prevent side effects.. This medicine may cause birth defects to the unborn child if taken during pregnancy. Use contraception while taking this medicine. Males must use barrier contraception during therapy and for 90 days after stopping this medicine. If you think you may have become pregnant and are taking this medicine, contact your doctor right away.. You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells.. ...
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Discuss any new symptoms with your doctor. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine. If you have a CMV eye infection have your eyes checked every 4 to 6 weeks.. Drink 6 to 8 glasses of water or fluids daily while taking this medicine to help prevent side effects.. This medicine may cause birth defects to the unborn child if taken during pregnancy. Use contraception while taking this medicine. Males must use barrier contraception during therapy and for 90 days after stopping this medicine. If you think you may have become pregnant and are taking this medicine, contact your doctor right away.. You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells.. ...
Increased risk of cardiovascular events (eg, MI, stroke, DVT, VTE) esp. smokers ,35 years of age. Discontinue if thrombotic event, unexplained visual changes, persistently elevated BP, or jaundice occurs, and at least 4 weeks before through 2 weeks after surgery associated with increased risk of thromboembolism, and during and after prolonged immobilization. Cardio- or cerebrovascular diseases. Increased risk of breast cancer or hepatic neoplasia. Hypertriglyceridemia. Obesity. Diabetes. Prediabetes. Gallbladder disease. Depression. Evaluate significant changes in headaches, abnormal vaginal bleeding, amenorrhea. Conditions aggravated by fluid retention; monitor. Do regular complete physical exams (eg, Pap smear, mammogram, BP). May need barrier contraception with Sunday starts or postpartum use (see full labeling). Postmenopausal women or nursing mothers: not recommended.. ...
Vaccination seems to be the key to curtailing the HIV epidemic but all efforts to make a clinically effective vaccine have failed to date. Eliciting high titres of neutralising antibodies at the mucosal portals of viral entry is a key goal in HIV vaccine research. Thus, this thesis specifically focuses at the strategic development and evaluation of women-controlled mucosal vaccine delivery systems for HIV envelope based constructs, H4A, gp140 and FP-A for the purpose of eliciting high antibody titres at the vaginal mucosa. Sustained release rod-insert vaginal rings (RiRs) loaded with gp140, quick release rods containing H4A, FP-A loaded liposomal gels and microneedles in conjunction with mucosal inoculations were evaluated for induction of specific antibodies in animal models (sheep/mice/rabbits). The formulations were evaluated mainly using vaginal delivery with nasal route being used as an auxiliary. However, we found that the nasal route was extremely potent compared to the vaginal route for ...
Mardin is a historical city in Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey. A city situated on the top of a hill, it is known for its fascinating architecture consisting of heavily decorated stonework cascading from the hilltop, although occasionally pierced by new, ugly construction.
Care guide for Barrier Methods Of Contraception (Discharge Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
The major focus of my research is the development and application of statistics, dynamic models and novel study designs to better understand and control infectious disease. In particular, I am interested in creating synergies between infection ...
In this icTV interview from our SEPSIS SERIES, Derek Angus reflects on the progress that has been made over the years in lowering mortality from sepsis and discusses the future outlook on the condition, including the potential benefits of utlising new novel study designs to target biomarkers, drugs and responsiveness in sub-groups of patients.. ...
DALLAS, TX--Concerns about inappropriate contact or causing injury may help explain why bystanders are less likely to perform CPR on women - even
Use these instructional guides for literature to add rigor to your students explorations of rich, complex literature! Each instructional guide features several challenging cross-curricular lessons and activities to work in conjunction with literary texts to help students analyze and better comprehend literature. This guide is packed with ways to practice close reading, determine meaning through text-dependent questions, and practice text-based vocabulary, making it the perfect tool to teach students how to analyze story elements in various ways. Additionally, these guides support Common Core Learning Standards. Titles in this set include: Frog and Toad Together; Little Bear; Sarah, Plain and Tall; The Stories Julian Tells; Bud, Not Buddy; Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry; Tuck Everlasting; A Wrinkle in Time.
Obesity, a prevalent threat among one-third of the adult population in the United States, is associated with cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders such as diabetes. A major contributor to this danger is inflamed adipose tissue, or body fat. A recent study by a team at the Texas A&M Co
They bought the book free online united bank in and then witnessed five of their units getting nationalized. Here are the 5 most successful traders in the foreign exchange textile technology ebooks free download market. I also think the plugin he wrote serves a niche, freebooks novel and since writing my initial comment, ive been using it. This kettering samsung c charging ways got customized by the read fiction online free 98 and the regular rocket 88 item. A texts long downhill delivers you to the village of haiming. There was also a van parked out, onlinebookshelf and she couldnt miss it. Optional features based on trim will stories to read on google include active aero grille shutters, available onstar 4g lte connectivity with on-board wifi, forward collision warning, lane departure warning, and an available teen driver feature that limits speed and audio volume. Look, there are incredible beaches sins and places on this side of the coast, but tale is sure to be one of the medals. It seems ...
And is not a reliable indicator of disease stauffer group study. The birthplace of Mennonites, such as drusen. Paid sleep study houston Genetics Clincal Study Group, a Pennsylvania farmer who
Some people wrongly believe that if they take birth control pills, they are protecting themselves not only from getting pregnant but also from infection with HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Birth control pills or other types of birth control, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs), Depo-Provera, or tubal ligation will NOT protect you from HIV and other STDs.. The male latex condom is the only birth control method that is proven to help protect you from HIV and other STDs. If you are allergic to latex, there are condoms made of polyurethane that you can use. Condoms come lubricated (which can make sexual intercourse more comfortable and pleasurable) and non-lubricated (which can be used for oral sex).. It is important to only use latex or polyurethane condoms to protect against HIV and other STDs. Natural or lambskin condoms have tiny pores that may allow for the passage of viruses like HIV, hepatitis B and herpes. If you use non-lubricated condoms for vaginal or anal sex, ...
The risks of seroconversion after contact with an HIV-infected source have been estimated for various adult populations and circumstances. The estimates have a number of failings, and may not be current or even reflective of pediatric transmission and seroconversion. Nevertheless, for the most common modes of exposure, they suggest a 5-30/1000 risk for unprotected receptive anal intercourse per sexual contact, a 0.5-1.5/1000 risk for receptive vaginal intercourse per sexual contact, and a 3.2/1000 risk per injury for occupational needle sticks.59,,66,67 Several factors may increase the rate of HIV transmission, such as multiple episodes of intercourse, failure to use barrier contraception methods, intercourse with an uncircumcised male insertive partner, the presence of other infections, an elevated HIV viral load, sexual assault, the lack of use of antiretroviral medications by the HIV source, etc.6,,8,20,68. Maternal to child HIV transmission, through pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding, ...
Increased risk of cardiovascular events (eg, stroke, MI) esp. in cigarette smokers ,35yrs of age; not recommended. Discontinue if thrombotic event, unexplained visual changes, jaundice, migraine or other severe headaches occur, and at least 4 weeks before through 2 weeks after surgery associated with increased risk of thromboembolism. Uncontrolled hypertension. Gallbladder disease. Diabetes. Prediabetes. Uncontrolled dyslipidemias. Hypertriglyceridemia. Depression. Fluid rentention. Monitor blood pressure. Do regular complete physical exams. May need barrier contraception with Sunday starts or postpartum use (see full labeling). Nursing mothers: not recommended.. ...
Obter este item de uma biblioteca Sensors for ceramic components in advanced propulsion systems : summary of literature survey and concept analysis, task 3 report. [W H Bennethum; L T Sherwood; GE Aircraft Engines (Firm); Lewis Research Center.]
Identifying Objects using Cluster and Concept Analysis ArieVanDeursen and TobiasKuipers. In 21st International Conference on Software Engineering, ICSE-99, 1999, ACM, pp 246-255. http://www.cwi.nl/~arie/papers/split.pdf Abstract Many approaches to support (semi-automatic) identification of objects in LegacySystems take the data structures as starting point for candidate classes. Unfortunately, legacy data structures tend to grow over time, and may contain many unrelated fields at the time of migration. We propose a method for ObjectIdentification by semi-automatically restructuring the legacy data structures. Issues involved include the selection of record fields of interest, the identification of procedures actually dealing with such fields, and the construction of coherent groups of fields and procedures into candidate classes. We explore the use of ClusterAnalysis and ConceptAnalysis for the purpose of object identification, and we illustrate their effect on a 100,000 lines of code COBOL ...
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Care guide for Barrier Methods of Contraception (Aftercare Instructions). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
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This research aims to evaluate and present the disturbance, a concept that is integral in the practice of nursing especially so when it is evident that it is
Global molecular profiling of cancers has shown broad utility in delineating pathways and processes underlying disease, in predicting prognosis and response to therapy, and in suggesting novel treatments. To gain further insights from such data, we have integrated and analyzed a comprehensive collec …
This category is information about condoms. Websites listed here have specific information about health benefits of condoms, research on condoms, condom effectiveness, why condoms should be used, advantages and disadvantages in comparison to other types of birth control, etc.
When you think of safe sex what comes to mind? I bet you thought of condoms and birth control. Well let me tell you my friend, its more than just that. While safe sex includes taking care of your physical well-being, such as preventing sexually transmitted diseases and preventing pregnancy, it also has to do…
No. of units 12Manufacturer LELOFeatures 34mm diameter;108mm circumference;54mm width* Hexagonal structureNatural rubber latexDesigned in Sweden, made in KoreaShape Lelo HEX™ delivers strength, thinness and sensation through its r
4.3.1 Pioneering Applications: Priority Research Directions. Criteria for Consideration. Summary of Barriers & Gaps. Demonstrated need for Exascale Significant Scientific Impact in: basic physics, environment, engineering, life sciences, materials Slideshow 152795 by Anita
Nanotechnology Long-term Impacts and Research Directions: 2000-2020. NSF Headquarters, Arlington, VA on September 30, 2010. 8:30am - 4:30pm ET ...
These may be products for men or women, and include condoms, femidoms, cervical caps, and diaphragms. Their function is to prevent sperm entering the female reproductive tract.
Several challenges and directions for microbicide development are highlighted consistently: (1) product formulation and delivery; (2) development of products either for rectal use, specifically, or that are suitable for both the genital and gastrointestinal tracts; and (3) the development of combination products-both to inactivate the HIV virus using several approaches and to inhibit several STI pathogens simultaneously.. Critical issues related to product formulation and delivery include product coverage of the vaginal area, application method, dosage, volume, and concerns regarding systemic effects of a product that is absorbed and/or ascends the reproductive tract. Formulation and volume greatly affect product diffusion. Barnhard et al have developed strategies for examining product diffusion using magnetic resonance imaging.41 Product acceptability, frequency of product use, and frequency of coital activity are linked closely with each of these issues. One particular challenge with vaginal ...
You would think approval of the abortion pill would have come easily by then. After all, the Clinton administration had made it clear that it supported the drug, it had been used almost without incident in Europe for more than 10 years, and an FDA advisory board had already declared the product safe and effective. But approval didnt come easily. Toward the end of the lengthy review process, the FDA tried to impose some rather Byzantine distribution restrictions on the pill. Those restrictions, which included authorizing distribution only by doctors who were certified to conduct multiple surgical procedures and who worked out of a full-service clinic, would have made the drug almost impossible to get. Proponents argued that it would have driven dissemination of the abortion pill underground. Standing up to the FDA, Danco refused to impose those restrictions, and it received the backing of the American Medical Association and other groups that saw the agencys requests as unreasonable and ...
Includes cutting-edge methods and protocols covering a variety of permeability barrier Provides step-by-step detail essential for reproducible results
In a remote village on the slopes of Mount Bagok in the Nusaybin district of southeastern Mardin province, an elderly farmer stood with tears in his eyes as he surveyed the charred remains of his crops and vineyards.
Waszak SM, Northcott PA, Buchhalter I, Robinson GW, Sutter C, Groebner S, Grund KB, Brugières L, Jones DTW, Pajtler KW, Morrissy AS, Kool M, Sturm D, Chavez L, Ernst A, Brabetz S, Hain M, Zichner T, Segura-Wang M, Weischenfeldt J, Rausch T, Mardin BR, Zhou X, Baciu C, Lawerenz C, Chan JA, Varlet P, Guerrini-Rousseau L, Fults DW, Grajkowska W, Hauser P, Jabado N, Ra YS, Zitterbart K, Shringarpure SS, De La Vega FM, Bustamante CD, Ng HK, Perry A, MacDonald TJ, Hernáiz Driever P, Bendel AE, Bowers DC, McCowage G, Chintagumpala MM, Cohn R, Hassall T, Fleischhack G, Eggen T, Wesenberg F, Feychting M, Lannering B, Schüz J, Johansen C, Andersen TV, Röösli M, Kuehni CE, Grotzer M, Kjaerheim K, Monoranu CM, Archer TC, Duke E, Pomeroy SL, Shelagh R, Frank S, Sumerauer D, Scheurlen W, Ryzhova MV, Milde T, Kratz CP, Samuel D, Zhang J, Solomon DA, Marra M, Eils R, Bartram CR, von Hoff K, Rutkowski S, Ramaswamy V, Gilbertson RJ, Korshunov A, Taylor MD, Lichter P, Malkin D, Gajjar A, Korbel JO, Pfister ...
Bettina Hohberger; Christian Y Mardin; Sami Hosari; Robert Lämmer; Rudolf Kunze; Anselm Jünemann; Ursula Schlotzer-Schrehardt; Gerd Wallukat; Martin Herrmann ...
Artist: Yousuf Karsh (Canadian (born Armenia), Mardin 1908-2002 Boston, Massachusetts) Date: ca. 1948 Medium: Gelatin silver print Accession: 1981.1155 On view in:Not on view ...
High levels of cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4) have been identified in the blood of patients with lung cancer. In a novel study in The American
If youre considering a reliable barrier method of contraception, diaphragms can be exactly what youre looking for. Read all about birth control diaphragms!
This site gathers breaking illegal drug-related news 24/7. It performs concept analysis on the articles and sorts them by content.
This site gathers breaking illegal drug-related news 24/7. It performs concept analysis on the articles and sorts them by content.
Hello Redneck, Posted to wrong forum but Ill answer briefly and post my response in both Fatigue and Anemia and Safe Sex/Prevention forums.... Im glad you took my advice, \
Condoms are barrier methods of contraception. They help prevent pregnancy by stopping sperm meeting an egg. They also help protect you from sexually
Nor were barrier methods of contraception. Condoms existed, but males used them to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted ...
Woodhams, Elisabeth; Gilliam, Melissa (2014). "Barrier Methods". Contraception for Adolescent and Young Adult Women. pp. 63-76 ... Contraception. 70 (5): 407-413. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2004.05.008. PMID 15504381. Walsh, Terri L.; Frezieres, Ron G.; ... Writers on contraception tended to prefer other methods of birth control to the condom. By the late 19th century many feminists ... The barrier breaks down and liquefies after several hours. As of 2005[update], the invisible condom is in the clinical trial ...
The cervical cap is a form of barrier contraception. A cervical cap fits over the cervix and blocks sperm from entering the ... In the 1920s, Marie Stopes considered the cervical cap to be the best method of contraception available. Among barrier methods ... Use of all barrier methods, but especially cervical barriers, dropped dramatically after the 1960s introduction of the combined ... ISBN 0-9664902-6-6.[page needed] "FDA Approves Lea's Shield". The Contraception Report. Contraception Online. June 2002. ...
... "the use of barrier contraception when engaging in sexual intercourse;" fifth, keep both name and current address on register ... Since hyperacute rejection presents such a barrier to the success of xenografts, several strategies to overcome it are under ... Ekser B, Cooper DK (2010). "Overcoming the barriers to xenotransplantation: prospects for the future". Expert Review of ... implantation breaches the physical barrier that normally helps to prevent disease transmission, (2) the recipient of the ...
... prefer barrier contraception such as the diaphragm over methods that require some action every day. Like all cervical barriers ... and Future of Contraception". Contraception Online (Baylor College of Medicine). 10 (6). February 2000. Archived from the ... The diaphragm is a barrier method of birth control. It is moderately effective, with a one-year failure rate of around 12% with ... Cervical barriers may also protect against human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes cervical cancer, although the ...
Another word for a type of contraception is a method.. Barrier methods[change , change source]. A barrier is something that ... Religion and contraception[change , change source]. Some religions do not like contraception. Some of them teach that ... So barrier methods stand between the sperm and the ovum (egg). Some barrier methods help prevent many sexually transmitted ... Some people do not call abortion a kind of contraception. This is because contraception means preventing pregnancy, but ...
With threatening sexually transmitted infections, not least HIV, use of barrier contraception has become imperative. The ... invention of hormonal contraception, and the normalization of abortion and homosexuality in many countries. Family planning has ...
Sexual abstinence or effective contraception is mandatory during this period. Barrier methods by themselves (e.g., condoms) are ... Women with child-bearing potential must commit to using two forms of effective contraception simultaneously for the duration of ... Roche implemented those measures, and offered to pay for contraception counseling and pregnancy testing for women prescribed ... two kinds of contraception, and for doctors to provide pharmacists with prescriptions directly; providing additional ...
Their goals were to protest the idealization of mothers and eliminate barriers to contraception and abortion. On Mother's Day, ... Manifesto of the Movement for Contraception and Free and Abortion, MCALG), demanding free distribution of contraception and ... Their first public action in 1976 was to protest the lack of access to contraception. As the country had just emerged from ... For the Dolle Minas and the Marie Mineurs, the main issues were initially free contraception and free abortion. The law ...
Unlike barrier use without FA, practicing FA can allow couples to use barrier contraception only when necessary. FA can be used ... During the fertile portion of the menstrual cycle, the couple may use barrier contraception or abstain from sexual intercourse ... FA can be used with barrier contraception so that intercourse may continue through the fertile period. ... Contraception. 99 (1): 52-55. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2018.10.002. ISSN 0010-7824. PMID 30316782. Health, Center for ...
The Church in 1968 had already stated in Humanae Vitae that chemical and barrier methods of contraception went against Church ... While condoms might serve as a largely effective barrier to the transmission of HIV during a single act of copulation, though ... May, William E. (Summer-Fall 2007). "The Theological Significance of Consummation of Marriage, Contraception, Using Condoms to ... "overcome all the barriers and taboos surrounding adolescent sexuality that hinder their access to sexual and reproductive ...
"Contraception. 83 (5): 397-404. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2011.01.021. PMC 3638209. PMID 21477680.. ... creating a barrier preventing sperm from fertilizing an egg.[4] They could theoretically affect implantation but no evidence ... Contraception[edit]. The combined hormonal contraceptive vaginal ring is self-administered once a month. Leaving the ring in ... For continuous-use contraception, users can also choose to wear the vaginal ring for the full four week cycle. This manner of ...
Also known as a contraceptive cap, they work similar to a diaphragm as a barrier form of contraception. It is inserted into the ... It is recommended for anyone attempting this from of contraception to be fitted for the correct size by a trained health care ... It can also be used to administer medications locally in the vagina or as a method of contraception. Pessaries come in ... Occlusive pessaries are most commonly used for contraception. ... ". "The different types of contraception". www.nhsinform.scot. ...
Mothers are disadvantaged and in many rural areas there is a lack of abortion services and contraception methods. Public ... Both social and financial inequality results in barriers of access to healthcare services in India. Services aren't accessible ... barriers of access to services and medicines, lack of public health knowledge, and low cost factor. These drawbacks push ...
Although some safe sex practices (like condoms) can also be used as birth control (contraception), most forms of contraception ... Barriers, such as condoms, dental dams, and medical gloves can prevent contact with body fluids (such as blood, vaginal fluid, ... Most methods of contraception are not effective at preventing the spread of STIs. This includes birth control pills, vasectomy ... It is typically used as a barrier between the mouth and the vulva during cunnilingus or between the mouth and the anus during ...
... the 1960s introduction of the IUD and oral contraceptives for women gave a sense of freedom from barrier contraception. The ... The development of the birth control pill in 1960 gave women access to easy and reliable contraception. Another likely cause ... The landmark Griswold v. Connecticut case ruled that the prohibition of contraception was unconstitutional on the grounds that ... which was a declaration that banned the use of artificial contraception. Churches allowed for the rhythm method, which was a ...
Contraception, 69:481-487. Bender, S.S., Geirsson, R.T. og Kosunen, E. (2003). Trends in teenage fertility, abortion and ... A review of perceived barriers to sexual and reproductive health services by young people. The European Journal of ... Contraception, 69:481-487. Félag íslenskra hjúkrunarfræðinga. (2019). Þróun skimunartækisins HEILUNG. Retrieved March 8, 2020. ... Contraception and Reproductive Health Care, 18, 159-167. Sóley S. Bender (2006). Kynlífsheilbrigði: Þörf fyrir stefnumótun. ...
Some barrier forms of contraception such as condoms, also reduce the risk of STIs and HIV infection. Access to contraception ... There remain significant barriers to accessing contraception for many women in both developing and developed regions. These ... Where access to contraception is limited, women turn to abortion. Consequently, abortion rates may be used to estimate unmet ... The ability to determine if and when to become pregnant, is vital to a woman's autonomy and well being, and contraception can ...
Other contraceptive devices include Lea's Shield barrier device, and the FemCap barrier device. CONRAD was a collaborator in ... Contraception. 78 (6): 465-473. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.07.020. PMID 19014792. "Lea's Shield: a study of the safety ... CONRAD (Contraception Research and Development) is a non-profit organization scientific research organization that works to ... A movement by researchers and funders toward combining contraception with HIV and STI prevention has resulted in the ...
Wolfson is concerned about new methods of hormonal contraception and advocates use of barrier methods over oral or injectable ...
The risk of TSS associated with cervical caps used for contraception in the female barrier method is also very low. Cervical ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2011.12.002. PMID 22464406. "Tampons and Asbestos, Dioxin, & Toxic Shock Syndrome". FDA U.S. Food ... Wiebe ER, Trouton KJ (August 2012). "Does using tampons or menstrual cups increase early IUD expulsion rates?". Contraception. ... Faculty of Family Planning & Reproductive Health Care (2007). Female Barrier Methods. Archived 2015-11-26 at the Wayback ...
Some barrier forms of contraception such as condoms, also reduce the risk of STIs and HIV infection. Access to contraception ... There remain significant barriers to accessing contraception for many women in both developing and developed regions. These ... UNFPA (February 2016). Facing the Facts: Adolescent girls and contraception.. *. UN Women. The Facts: Violence against Women & ... Grant, Nicole J. (1992). The Selling of contraception : the Dalkon Shield case, sexuality, and women's autonomy. Columbus: Ohio ...
People who need access to safe abortion or contraception can have an online consultation at Women on Web website. Women on Web ... "Barriers to accessing abortion services and perspectives on using mifepristone and misoprostol at home in Great Britain". An ... Women on Web (WoW) is a Canadian non-profit organization that advocates for and facilitates access to contraception and safe ... The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care. 22 (5): 360-362. doi:10.1080/13625187.2017.1397112. PMID ...
Despite these studies, many physicians still recommend the use of barrier contraception for people taking any tetracyclines to ... It was once believed that tetracycline antibiotics impair the effectiveness of many types of hormonal contraception. Recent ...
It is hard to get an abortion due to legal and policy barriers, social and cultural barriers (gender discrimination, poverty, ... Support for contraception is based on views such as reproductive rights, women's rights, and the necessity to prevent child ... One type of contraceptive includes barrier methods. One barrier method includes condoms for males and females. Both types stop ... States parties should not introduce new barriers and should remove existing barriers [11] that deny effective access by women ...
The only case where the federal government mandates access to abortion and emergency contraception is in the case of rape. ... However, many women face barriers to receiving this care including: inaccurate information, undue delays, and intimidation by ... Beutelspacher, Austreberta Nazar; Martelo, Emma Zapata; GarcÍa, VerÓnica Vázquez (2003-01-01). "Does Contraception Benefit ...
Research reveals that there are several major barriers that young people face to accessing contraception, primarily with ... Aside from a lack of information, young people who seek contraception are often denied by health workers acting out of their ... The legal status of oral contraception in Latin America varies by country. In 2009 Honduras banned the free distribution and ... These court decisions have been responsible for the extreme restrictions on access to emergency contraception within the region ...
Writers on contraception tended to prefer other methods of birth control, citing both the expense of condoms and their ... In the 1960s and 1970s quality regulations tightened, and legal barriers to condom use were removed. In 1965, the U.S. Supreme ... Contraception was also illegal in Spain. European militaries continued to provide condoms to their members for disease ... The elimination of moral and legal barriers, and the introduction of condom programs by the U.S. government helped condom sales ...
Western European countries liberationists fought for elimination of barriers to free and unrestricted access to contraception ... Even after the pill was legalized, contraception remained banned in numerous countries, like Ireland where condoms were banned ... Irish activists took the train and crossed into Northern Ireland to secure prohibited contraception devices and upon their ... For example, in Egypt, the 1956 Constitution eliminated gender barriers to labor, political access, and education through ...
Immediate contraception, like physical barriers, include diaphragms, caps, the contraceptive sponge, and female condoms may be ... Barrier methods have a risk of allergic reaction. Users sensitive to latex may use barriers made of less allergenic materials ... Shelton JD (July 2002). "Repeat emergency contraception: facing our fears". Contraception. 66 (1): 15-7. doi:10.1016/S0010-7824 ... "FDA Approves Combined Monthly Injectable Contraceptive". The Contraception Report. Contraception Online. June 2001. Archived ...
Contraception: a publication of Society of Family Planning. 81: 8. January 2010. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2010.01.018. ... Thus, the [Judiciary] Committee observes that no significant legal barriers of any kind whatsoever exist today in the United ... In 1965, the U.S. Supreme Court case Griswold v. Connecticut struck down one of the remaining contraception Comstock laws in ... "Get "In the Know": Questions About Pregnancy, Contraception and Abortion". Archived from the original on 2008-03-11. Retrieved ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2005.08.006.. *^ Chi, I. C.; Jones, D. B. (October 1994). "Incidence, risk factors, and prevention ... Benefits and advantages for use as contraception[edit]. High effectiveness[edit]. Most methods of female sterilization are ... "Frequently Asked Questions: Contraception: Postpartum Sterilization". American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. May ... In such cases, reversible methods of contraception are recommended.[5] Since most forms of tubal ligation require abdominal ...
Speroff, Leon; Darney, Philip D. (2005). "Oral Contraception". A Clinical Guide for Contraception (4th ed. ed.). Philadelphia: ... Unlike barrier methods, when a woman is "on the Pill," she and her man are usually not even aware of it during sexual ... The choices a woman has for contraception - and whether contraception is even available - depends on what country she lives in ... In 2005, more than 80 million women across the world used the Pill.[4] It is the most common method of contraception in the ...
Himes, Norman E. (1963). The Medical History of Contraception. Gamut Press. p. 86-7.. ... "Effect of Olive and Sunflower Seed Oil on the Adult Skin Barrier: Implications for Neonatal Skin Care". Pediatric Dermatology. ... "significantly damages the skin barrier" when compared to sunflower oil, and that it may make existing atopic dermatitis worse. ...
Rapidly hydrolysed to 6-acetylmorphine and then to morphine after crossing the blood-brain barrier which in turn activates the ... Higher potential for abuse compared to other opioids due to its rapid penetration of the blood-brain barrier. ...
"Contraception. 77 (4): 303-7. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.01.003. PMC 2505347. PMID 18342656.. ... leaving the cervix as a natural barrier). The entire uterus and ovaries are then removed. The abdomen is checked for bleeding ... "Small-Molecule Inhibition of BRDT for Male Contraception". Cell. 150 (4): 673-684. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2012.06.045. PMC 3420011 ...
Only small lipophilic alkylating agents such as lomustine or temozolomide are able to cross this blood-brain barrier.[111][112] ... The blood-brain barrier poses a difficult obstacle to pass to deliver chemotherapy to the brain. This is because the brain has ... Deeken JF, Löscher W (Mar 2007). "The blood-brain barrier and cancer: transporters, treatment, and Trojan horses". Clinical ... Gerstner ER, Fine RL (Jun 2007). "Increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier to chemotherapy in metastatic brain tumors ...
"Contraception. 93 (6): 498-506. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2016.02.024.. *^ a b Highlights of Prescribing Information (Report ... The devices also create barriers to sperm transport and fertilization, and sensitive assays detect hCG in less than 1% of ... "Chapter 27". Managing Contraception 2012-2014. Managing Contraception. ISBN 9781467536400. Archived from the original on 5 ... Speroff, Leon; Darney, Philip D. (2011). "Intrauterine contraception". A clinical guide for contraception (5th ed.). ...
"Contraception. 80 (3): 282-286. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2009.03.010. PMC 3766037. PMID 19698822. The medical abortion ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2016.04.013. ISSN 0010-7824.. *^ "Highlights of Prescribing Information, Mifeprex" (PDF). U.S. Food ... "Contraception. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; Society of Family Planning. 89: 148-161. 2014.. ... "Contraception. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; Society of Family Planning. 89: 148-161. 2014.. ...
Some physicians use a thick ointment to replace the waterproof barrier of the inflamed skin in the treatment of eczema, and a ... Lemon juice embedded in a sponge has been used as a primitive contraception in some cultures. ...
"Contraception. 83 (5): 397-404. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2011.01.021. PMC 3638209 . PMID 21477680.. ... Pressure against the walls of the vagina maintain the position of the diaphragm, and it acts as a physical barrier to prevent ... ContraceptionEdit. Several methods of contraception involve the cervix. Cervical diaphragms are reusable, firm-rimmed plastic ... NSW, Family Planning (2009). Contraception : healthy choices : a contraceptive clinic in a book (2nd ed.). Sydney, New South ...
"A review of barriers and myths preventing the more widespread use of intrauterine contraception in nulliparous women.". The ... Glasier, A (studeni 2010.). "Acceptability of contraception for men: a review.". Contraception svezak 82 (broj 5): str. 453.- ... 159,0 159,1 World Contraception Day *↑ Hutcherson, Hilda (2002.). What your mother never told you about s.e.x, 1st Perigee ed ... 2012.). "Contraception for primary care providers". Adolescent medicine: state of the art reviews svezak 23 (broj 1): str. 95.- ...
49.7% of the population use contraception. It is unclear what the abortion rate is in the country, likely because it is ... Excluding geographical access, some other reasons quoted for non-use of maternity services include: cultural barriers, ... The methods of contraception used include injectables (40%), condoms (16%), traditional methods (16%), oral contraceptive pills ... Another study found that women who received postpartum counseling immediately after birth were more likely to use contraception ...
... stating that leaders who forbid contraception and "express a preference for 'natural' methods of population limitation" will ... Break the Science Barrier (1996). *The Atheism Tapes (2004). *The Big Question (2005) - Part 3 of the TV series, titled "Why ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2010.05.003. PMID 21074020.. *^ a b Köhler TS, Fazili AA, Brannigan RE (August 2009). "Putative ... in which a tissue barrier is placed between the cut ends of the vas by suturing, may help to prevent this type of failure, ... Another method of contraception must be relied upon until a sperm count is performed either two months after the vasectomy or ... "Male Contraception Update for the public - August 2008, 3(8)". Imccoalition.org. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. ...
Although some safe sex practices (like condoms) can also be used as birth control (contraception), most forms of contraception ... A condom is a sheath-shaped barrier device, used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy or a sexually ... Sanger's efforts contributed to several judicial cases that helped legalize contraception in the United States. Due to her ... She believed that while abortion was sometimes justified it should generally be avoided, and she considered contraception the ...
Contraception and other reliable forms of pregnancy prevention is routinely advised for women with SLE, since getting pregnant ... One aspect of this disease is severe damage to the epithelial cells of the blood-brain barrier. In certain regions, depression ...
These include the right to decide on issues regarding the number of children born, family planning, contraception, and private ... Nevertheless, a certain number of countries still fail to provide adequate childcare arrangements, constituting a barrier for ... such as bans on contraception or abortion (where the policy is a natalist one-for example through tax on childlessness) or ...
Although some safe sex practices (like condoms) can also be used as birth control (contraception), most forms of contraception ... Barriers, such as condoms, dental dams, and medical gloves can prevent contact with body fluids (such as blood, vaginal fluid, ... Most methods of contraception are not effective at preventing the spread of STIs. This includes birth control pills, vasectomy ... It is typically used as a barrier between the mouth and the vulva during cunnilingus or between the mouth and the anus during ...
The form of contraception most comparable to prospective immunocontraceptive products for humans is hormonal contraception, ... Spermatozoa are protected from the male's immune system by the blood-testis barrier. However, spermatozoa are deposited into ... While there was research into the use of hormonal contraception for wildlife control as early as the 1950s that produced ... Furthermore, the demand for contraception is greatest in parts of the developing world, where population growth is greatest, ...
On Wednesday, 6 June 2007 during his General Audience a man leapt across a barrier, evaded guards and nearly mounted the Pope's ... of the Doctrine of the Faith explained that the pope's statement did not constitute a legitimization of either contraception or ... jumped the barrier and grabbed the Pope by his vestments and pulled him to the ground. The 82-year-old fell but was assisted to ...
The interrelated barriers to education and employment formed the backbone of 19th-century feminist reform efforts, for instance ... In reproductive rights, feminists sought the right to contraception and birth control, which were almost universally restricted ... and barriers against married women taking jobs were eased. The popular Rosie the Riveter icon became a symbol for a generation ... These barriers did not change in conjunction with the economy. Martineau, however, remained a moderate, for practical reasons, ...
Contraception can be an effective way to limit a population's breeding. However it may also have health repercussions and can ... "Increasing zoo's conservation potential through understanding barriers to holding globally threatened amphibians. Biodiversity ... contraception, sale of excess animals and euthanization (culling).[49] ...
"Contraception. 97 (1): 62-69. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2017.08.015.. *^ a b James Trussell; Anjana Lalla; Quan Doan; Eileen ... up front cost can be a barrier. Subsidized family planning services improve the health of the population and saves money for ... "Contraception. 79 (1): 5-14. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.08.003. PMC 3638200 . PMID 19041435.. ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.06.001. PMID 18692608.. *^ a b c Sharing Responsibility:Women, Society and Abortion Worldwide ...
Contraception. 79 (6): 407-10. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.12.008. PMID 19442773. Retrieved 2009-07-23.. CS1 maint: ... and provides no barriers to stimulation. ... This method of contraception, widely used for at least two ... Contraception. 79 (6): 407-10. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.12.008. PMID 19442773. Retrieved 2009-07-23.. ... Creatsas G (1993). "Sexuality: sexual activity and contraception during adolescence". Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 5 (6): 774-83. ...
Contraception: a publication of Society of Family Planning,volume=81,page=8,doi=10.1016/j.contraception.2010.01.018,archiveurl= ... Addressing barriers to safe abortion,journal=International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics,volume=121,pages=S16-S19,doi= ... Contraception,volume=90,issue=5,pages=476-479,doi=10.1016/j.contraception.2014.07.012,pmid=25152259}},/ref,,ref name="lancet- ... Contraception,volume=84,issue=1,pages=4-18,doi=10.1016/j.contraception.2011.02.005,quote="Transient survival with misoprostol ...
One of the most popular mechanical barriers and, among all of the barrier methods, the one that provides the most effective ... What is barrier contraception?. Updated: Oct 16, 2019 * Author: Frances E Casey, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, ... Male condom - One of the most popular mechanical barriers and, among all of the barrier methods, the one that provides the most ... Contraception Report. History and future of contraception: developments over time. Contracept Rep. 2000. 10(6):15-23. ...
Care guide for Barrier Methods of Contraception (Aftercare Instructions). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, ... You have questions or concerns about barrier method of contraception.. Types of barrier methods:. *Male condoms are the most ... Barrier methods of contraception are objects or medicines that block the sperm and help prevent pregnancy. Some barrier methods ... They provide a barrier for only 60 minutes.. Risks of barrier methods:. Barrier methods may not prevent pregnancy, even if they ...
Barrier contraception methods prevent pregnancy by physically preventing sperm from entering the uterus through the os in in ... Contraception: Emergency contraception (pills or copper IUD) Abortion: Surgical abortion, Medical abortion (RU-486/abortion ... The earliest recorded barrier methods are those of stem pessaries, found in Egypt. The diaphragm and reusable condoms became ... The contraceptive sponge is usually considered a barrier method, but not always, as its effectiveness relies largely on ...
Mar 18, 2015 , Barrier Methods, Contraception. Q I have been on YAZ for about 6 months since stopping Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo. I ... Q&A Category: Barrier Methods. Can condoms cause an allergic reaction? #603/15. Jun 29, 2015 , Barrier Methods ... Mar 22, 2015 , Barrier Methods. Q I had sex and we used a condom. I know that it was put on right. The condom had not expired ... Aug 7, 2014 , Barrier Methods. Im not on birth control at all and I am going to have sex for the first time. Is it necessary ...
Emerging Targets for Male Contraception. Author(s): C. Yan Cheng, Michelle W.M. Li, Dolores D. Mruk. Population Council, The ... C. Yan Cheng, Michelle W.M. Li and Dolores D. Mruk, " "Unlocking" the Blood-Testis Barrier and the Ectoplasmic Specialization ... These include the regulation of cell-cell adhesion and tight junction permeability barriers in multiple epithelia and ... These include the regulation of cell-cell adhesion and tight junction permeability barriers in multiple epithelia and ...
If you do not want to get pregnant, you do not have sex on the days you are fertile, or you use a barrier method of birth ... Emergency Contraception. Emergency contraception is NOT a regular method of birth control. Emergency contraception can be used ... Contraceptionplus icon *CDC Contraceptive Guidance for Health Care Providersplus icon *Medical Eligibility Criteria ... Diaphragm or cervical cap-Each of these barrier methods are placed inside the vagina to cover the cervix to block sperm. The ...
RHRUs Contraception and Barrier Methods team of 8 core staff has also taken an opportunity to integrate many of its programmes ... The Barrier Methods & Contraception Programme supports and strengthens the reproductive health services through research, ... while carrying on the regular research on innovative barrier methods and contraception it has been pursuing since 1994.. ... networking and provision of technical assistance on contraception and barrier methods in the KwaZulu-Natal region, within South ...
What are the options for birth control when breast-feeding? Find out about some of the pros and cons of some barrier, hormonal ... Barrier contraception. Physical barriers to conception, such as condoms, diaphragms, or the cervical cap, are still an ... effective method of contraception.. Barrier contraceptives do not contain any hormones so do not affect a womans milk supply ... Like the other forms of non-hormonal contraception, this method will not have any effect on a womans milk supply. Many women ...
What are the options for birth control when breast-feeding? Find out about some of the pros and cons of some barrier, hormonal ... Barrier contraception. Physical barriers to conception, such as condoms, diaphragms, or the cervical cap, are still an ... effective method of contraception.. Barrier contraceptives do not contain any hormones so do not affect a womans milk supply ... It includes barrier methods, such as condoms, long-term options, for example, the IUD, and sterilization, which is a permanent ...
... Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development ... HIV Transmission/Barrier Contraception. / Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. ... HIV Transmission/Barrier Contraception. / Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. $ ... HIV Transmission/Barrier Contraception. / Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. $ ...
Your ideal contraception will depend on your health and circumstances, and you may need to try several different types before ... Barrier contraceptives. Barrier contraceptives are designed to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg. There are two types of ... Barrier contraceptives. Barrier contraceptives are designed to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg, and include condoms and ... Contraception methods: how to choose the right birth control for you. From the implant to the pill, help choosing the right ...
Effects On Barrier Contraception. PREMARIN Vaginal Cream exposure has been reported to weaken latex condoms. The potential for ...
This committee opinion outlines the current barriers to heath care coverage for unauthorized immigrants. It provides guidelines ... Pharmacy Barriers. Pharmacists and pharmacies may impose barriers to women seeking emergency contraception pills in a variety ... numerous barriers to emergency contraception remain. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to examine barriers to the use of ... Barriers to Access. In spite of levonorgestrel-only emergency contraception being made available over the counter without age ...
Contraception You Control: Over-The-Counter Barrier Methods. The Birth Control Sponge The sponge is a round piece of ... It is inserted into the vagina before sex and acts as a barrier, absorbing semen and preventing sperm from entering the cervix ... Casey, Frances E. "Mechanical Barriers." Contraception. December 2016. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/258507-overview#a4 ... a female condom is a nitrile pouch that is inserted into the vagina and acts as a barrier against semen. FC2 brand female ...
Removing barriers to contraception [Letter]. A report released recently by the Guttmacher Institute shows a sharp decline in ...
Learning what is the best contraception for you is your right and an important part of your self-care. Everyones different and ... When it comes to contraception, knowledge is power. (Image: iStock). Barrier methods.. These methods of contraception block the ... LARC methods of contraception, sometimes called set and forget methods, last for up to five or even 10 years, but are ... A copper IUD is also a lesser known method of emergency contraception:. "Not many people know that copper IUDs can be used as ...
... some types of contraception may suit you better than others. Here we explain why the choice is important and lay out some ... Barrier Methods. Male and female condoms are safe for all users and are the only type of contraception that protects against ... NHS contraception guide - for a general contraception advice.. *Somerville Foundation - for more on contraception for women ... Contraception and a heart condition If you have a heart condition, some types of contraception may suit you better than others ...
Barrier methods. The disadvantage of the barrier methods is their user dependency; even in reliable hands, there is a ... World Health Organization Collaborative Study of Cardiovascular Disease and Steroid Hormone Contraception. Contraception1998;57 ... contraception. Heart disease is the single most common cause of maternal death in the UK,1 with substandard care being reported ... Risks of contraception and pregnancy in heart disease: key points. * Cardiac disease is a leading cause of maternal death in ...
Damage to barrier contraception. Some pessaries and creams can damage the rubber of diaphragms and condoms, making them useless ... as contraception.. Drugs taken by mouth. Thrush can also be treated with capsules that you swallow. These are available either ...
They are studying preventive measures, including barriers and reducing the population of seals that attract sharks. ... options under study include barriers and seal contraception ... contraception to drones scanning the water to rigid barriers or ... and one beach has a shark-exclusion barrier to protect a small area for swimmers. ...
Different barrier methods of birth control are available, for example, spermicides, male condoms, female condoms, contraceptive ... Barrier methods of contraception work by creating a physical barrier between sperm and egg cells so that fertilization cannot ... Barrier methods of contraception generally do not have the side effects of hormonal contraceptives, and some forms of barrier ... The only medical contraindication to the use of barrier contraception is latex allergy (when using latex condoms). However, ...
Eliminating barriers to family planning services will reduce unmet need for contraception. The government should ensure that ... Lack of access to family planning services and information is often a barrier-rural women with unmet need for contraception are ... Contraception and Unintended Pregnancy in Uganda. • Unintended pregnancy is common in Uganda, leading to high levels of ... 9. Sedgh G et al., Unmet Need for Contraception in Developing Countries: Examining Womens Reasons for Not Using a Method, New ...
Postabortion Contraception: Emerging Opportunities and Barriers. Guttmacher Policy Review Policy Analysis Why Family Planning ... Post-abortion contraception counseling has the potential to help nonusers find methods that meet their preferences and to help ... About Half of U.S. Abortion Patients Report Using Contraception in the Month They Became Pregnant. Research Article ... First published online: January 9, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2017.12.018 ...
Barrier Contraceptives. Intrauterine devices (IUD). The presence of a device in the uterus prompts the release of substances ... Opinions about contraception have varied in the Orthodox Church. There is complete unanimity that no form of contraception that ... Birth Control and Contraception. From OrthodoxWiki. Revision as of 14:05, May 27, 2008 by Frjohnwhiteford. (talk , contribs) (→ ... Contraception is the term used to describe an intentional prevention of the conception of a child. This term may also be used ...
Information for women with epilepsy about how different methods of contraception work with enzyme-inducing or non-enzyme- ... Barrier methods. Barrier methods of contraception create a physical barrier against becoming pregnant. They include condoms, ... Emergency contraception. The morning-after pill. The morning-after pill is a type of emergency contraception that is taken ... It is often best to use other methods of contraception as well, such as a barrier method. ...
Including a barrier method will reduce the chance of pregnancy.. Women who meet any of the following criteria should talk to ... Emergency contraception. If you forget to use birth control or your usual method has failed, emergency contraception can ... Emergency contraception is also available as an intrauterine device.. Emergency contraception medication is available in these ... Emergency contraception is designed as a last chance measure, but it cant protect you from sexually transmitted infections. ...
Barrier Contraceptives. Intrauterine devices (IUD). The presence of a device in the uterus prompts the release of substances ... Opinions about contraception have varied in the Orthodox Church. There is complete unanimity that no form of contraception that ... Opinions about contraception have varied in the Orthodox Church. There is complete unanimity that no form of contraception that ... Contraception is the term used to describe an intentional prevention of the conception of a child. This term may also be used ...
Permanent contraception is the most common type of contraception overall, and it is a particularly common choice for women age ... Nonhormonal contraception methods such as barrier devices and copper IUDs are preferred in women who are nursing because they ... Permanent Contraception (sterilization) Permanent contraception is the most common type of contraception overall, and it is a ... Contraception refers to a womans chosen form of birth control, including hormonal, barrier, chemical and natural methods. ...
KEY TO BREAK BARRIER AND MISCONCEPTIONS ON MODERN CONTRACEPTION Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to ... Many are using contraception for various reasons yet no one is openly talking about it. The stigma on birth control is alive." ... "Following the launch of the first World Contraception Day Philippines in 2018, we want to continue the conversation to empower ... Bayer marked Womens Month by reiterating the need to educate women about modern contraception and provide access to credible ...
Also called contraception, birth control has several different options. There are both nonhormonal and hormonal methods of ... Type of Contraception: Barrier Methods. Barrier Method Options: Diaphragm, Sponge, and Cervical Cap. These are older methods of ... Barrier Method Contraception Option: Condoms. There are condoms available for men to use as a sheath over the penis as well as ... Type of Contraception: Hormonal Birth Control. Contraception based on hormones help alter how your body works to get and stay ...
  • Male condoms are the most common barrier method. (drugs.com)
  • Physical barriers to conception, such as condoms, diaphragms, or the cervical cap, are still an effective method of contraception. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Study the correlation of biomarkers with contraception effectiveness and STD/HIV prevention with female condoms. (grantome.com)
  • Barrier contraceptives are designed to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg, and include condoms and diaphragms. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Male and female condoms are safe for all users and are the only type of contraception that protects against sexually transmitted infections. (bhf.org.uk)
  • Some pessaries and creams can damage the rubber of diaphragms and condoms, making them useless as contraception. (medic8.com)
  • Barrier methods of contraception generally do not have the side effects of hormonal contraceptives, and some forms of barrier contraception (contraceptive sponges and condoms) may be obtained without a prescription and easily purchased over the counter at pharmacies. (rxlist.com)
  • The only medical contraindication to the use of barrier contraception is latex allergy (when using latex condoms). (rxlist.com)
  • However, with the exception of male and female condoms that can provide some protection against infection with sexually-transmitted diseases ( STDs ), most methods of barrier contraception are not effective in preventing STDs. (rxlist.com)
  • In addition, intact latex condoms provide a continuous mechanical barrier to HIV, HSV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (2). (cdc.gov)
  • A recent laboratory study (6) indicated that latex condoms are an effective mechanical barrier to fluid containing HIV-sized particles. (cdc.gov)
  • Condoms, diaphragms, contraceptive sponges and cervical caps are some of the most popular barrier methods of contraception. (familiprix.com)
  • Condoms are a barrier method of contraception. (kidshealth.org)
  • Condoms are the only form of contraception that reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections. (tuneinnotout.com)
  • During this time, you're not protected against pregnancy and need to use additional contraception, such as condoms, when you have sex. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Latex male condoms are the classic methods of barrier contraception, but they can be made of natural animal membrane, polyurethane, silicone, or other synthetic material. (medicinenet.com)
  • 2 , 3 Although condoms are the most frequently used form of contraception (52% of females reported condom use at last sex), use of more effective hormonal methods, including combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and other hormonal methods, was lower, at 31% and 12%, respectively, in 2011. (aappublications.org)
  • Condoms come in both male and female variety, while the male one is worn over the penis so that it can act as a barrier to the sperm, the female one is inserted deep into the vagina over the cervix like a diaphragm. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • barrier methods contraceptive methods such as condoms and diaphragms in which a plastic or rubber barrier blocks passage of spermatozoa through the vagina or cervix. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Condoms and diaphragms are examples of barrier birth control methods. (medicinenet.com)
  • The effectiveness of condoms, as of most forms of contraception, can be assessed two ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Condoms may be combined with other forms of contraception (such as spermicide) for greater protection. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the bigger concern is the effect that these forms of contraception will have on a woman's milk supply. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This study of almost 10,000 women, which ran from 2007 through 2011, found that, when health-care providers offered women all forms of contraception for free, 75 percent chose IUDs and hormonal implants. (psmag.com)
  • Evaluate various pharmacologic forms of contraception. (netce.com)
  • Even though the way in which each contraceptive method will affect you will vary from person to person, here's a general guide to the most common menstrual side effects according to some of the most popular forms of contraception in the UK 3 . (bodyform.co.uk)
  • Access to one of the most effective forms of contraception-female sterilization-continues to be subject to arbitrary and discriminatory government limitations. (hrw.org)
  • 2 LARC methods are the most effective forms of contraception, with less than 1% of users becoming pregnant during the first year of use. (aappublications.org)
  • Male condom - One of the most popular mechanical barriers and, among all of the barrier methods, the one that provides the most effective protection of the genital tract from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). (medscape.com)
  • Female condom - Prevents pregnancy by acting as a barrier to the passage of semen into the vagina (see the image below). (medscape.com)
  • Most methods of contraception won't protect against sexually transmitted infection (STI), so if you have sex with a new partner, always use a condom. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Sometimes referred to as an internal condom, a female condom is a nitrile pouch that is inserted into the vagina and acts as a barrier against semen. (womenshealthct.com)
  • the condom prevents sperm from being deposited in the vagina, whereas the vaginal barriers interfere with sperm transport after semen has entered the vagina. (popline.org)
  • Up to the present the condom and vasectomy have been the main methods of male contraception. (nih.gov)
  • Laboratory studies indicate that the female condom (Reality (trademark) **) -- a lubricated polyurethane sheath with a ring on each end that is inserted into the vagina -- is an effective mechanical barrier to viruses, including HIV. (cdc.gov)
  • Spermicide can be used alone or with a barrier method - such as a condom, diaphragm or cervical cap - to prevent pregnancy. (mayoclinic.org)
  • However, you can use spermicide with a barrier method - such as a condom, diaphragm or cervical cap - to improve its effectiveness with preventing pregnancy. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The male condom is a barrier method involved in preventing contact between sperm and egg. (medicinenet.com)
  • So if you are sexually active, using a condom in combination with another method of contraception is the safe, responsible thing to do. (uniprix.com)
  • If you want to have sex during the time when you might get pregnant, you'll need to use contraception, such as a condom, diaphragm or cap. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Pressure is put on us to choose a contraceptive method that does not impede a man's desire (i.e. pushing for the pill over a condom as contraception) or does not get in the way of our future fertility, and maintains the status quo that contraception should be a woman's responsibility. (shamelessmag.com)
  • A condom is a sheath-shaped barrier device used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection (STI). (wikipedia.org)
  • The male condom is rolled onto an erect penis before intercourse and works by forming a physical barrier which blocks semen from entering the body of a sexual partner. (wikipedia.org)
  • as the use of a condom or pessary creates a physical barrier, "the pill" (or an intrauterine device) is preferred by most authorities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diaphragm - Prevents pregnancy by acting as a barrier to the passage of semen into the cervix. (medscape.com)
  • Barrier methods of contraception are objects or medicines that block the sperm and help prevent pregnancy. (drugs.com)
  • Barrier methods may not prevent pregnancy, even if they are used as directed. (drugs.com)
  • Barrier contraception methods prevent pregnancy by physically preventing sperm from entering the uterus through the os in in the cervix . (wikidoc.org)
  • Emergency contraception refers to contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. (acog.org)
  • Counsel all women at risk of pregnancy about emergency contraception and provide patient education materials and reminders in electronic health records, which prompt clinicians and staff to address emergency contraception during visits. (acog.org)
  • Support public and clinician education clarifying that emergency contraception will not terminate an established pregnancy. (acog.org)
  • Emergency contraception may be used to prevent pregnancy after an unprotected or inadequately protected act of sexual intercourse. (acog.org)
  • Emergency contraception is effective in preventing pregnancy within 120 hours after unprotected intercourse, but it is most effective if used as soon as possible, especially within 24 hours ( 1 ). (acog.org)
  • A copper IUD is the most effective form of emergency contraception for medically eligible women and is highly effective to prevent pregnancy if inserted up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse (1 -3 ). (acog.org)
  • While vasectomies can be reversed in a number of cases, it isn't possible to guarantee that reversal will result in a pregnancy, so it's best to consider this a permanent method of contraception. (mamamia.com.au)
  • Many types of contraception are available to plan or prevent a pregnancy . (bhf.org.uk)
  • For every type of contraception, you should consider how safe it is for your heart, and how effective it is in preventing pregnancy. (bhf.org.uk)
  • No type of contraception is 100 per cent effective in preventing pregnancy. (bhf.org.uk)
  • Few cardiologists have practical knowledge of the interactions between complex heart disease, pregnancy and contraception. (bmj.com)
  • For all these reasons a working group of specialist cardiologists, maternal medicine physicians, obstetricians, family planning physicians and obstetric anaesthetists convened to produce guidelines and recommendations for pregnancy and contraception in heart disease (see appendix for working group members). (bmj.com)
  • For more information about contraception, pre-pregnancy assessment and antenatal management of individual cardiac lesions, please refer to more detailed publications. (bmj.com)
  • Despite their higher levels of contraceptive use, sexually active unmarried women have even higher levels of unmet need for modern contraception (43%) than do married women (34%), which may reflect unmarried women's stronger motivation to avoid pregnancy. (guttmacher.org)
  • Some methods of contraception may be less effective in preventing pregnancy for women taking certain anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • If you take an enzyme-inducing AED, you may be advised by your doctors to use a method of contraception that is not affected by your AED, such as a barrier method, or to use more than one method to help prevent pregnancy. (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • When we refer to types of contraception as 'being effective' or not, this means effective in preventing pregnancy. (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • If you forget to use birth control or your usual method has failed, emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy after you've had sex. (canada.com)
  • For a comparison of how effective each type of contraception is for preventing pregnancy, please see the chart, " Contraceptive Failure Rates " at the end of this article. (healthywomen.org)
  • While abstinence, or refraining from intercourse, is the only way to prevent pregnancy with 100 percent certainty, there are both nonhormonal and hormonal methods of contraception. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Contraception can be used to treat some PCOS symptoms 1 , protect against pregnancy, relieve PMS symptoms and even guard against STIs 2 , but just how can different contraceptive methods affect your cycle and bleeding? (bodyform.co.uk)
  • Contraception is designed to prevent sperm from meeting the egg, to prevent the fertilized egg from implanting itself and, ultimately, to prevent pregnancy. (familiprix.com)
  • Contraception is something you use or do to prevent pregnancy. (tuneinnotout.com)
  • They act as a physical barrier preventing bodily fluids from passing between sexual partners and so preventing pregnancy and/or the transmission of STIs. (tcd.ie)
  • When used correctly with spermicide, a diaphragm or cap is 92-96% effective at preventing pregnancy - this means that between 4 and 8 women out of every 100 who use a diaphragm or cap as contraception will become pregnant within a year. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Emergency contraception (EC) can help women of all ages avoid pregnancy when they do not want to be pregnant. (adolescenthealth.org)
  • Contraception is a pillar in reducing adolescent pregnancy rates. (aappublications.org)
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians develop a working knowledge of contraception to help adolescents reduce risks of and negative health consequences related to unintended pregnancy. (aappublications.org)
  • Pediatricians play an important role in adolescent pregnancy prevention and contraception. (aappublications.org)
  • In each case, either the woman or her child is at risk for serious complications, and this is the basis for many rabbinic authorities permitting contraception in situations where pregnancy would seriously harm the woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is complete unanimity that no form of contraception that is abortifacient is acceptable and there are definitive ecumenical canons that proscribe abortifacients. (orthodoxwiki.org)
  • Non-enzyme-inducing AEDs are unlikely to affect any form of contraception. (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • Therefore the mini pill is not recommended as a form of contraception if you take enzyme-inducing AEDs. (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • And if you are thinking about changing or starting a new form of contraception, it's advisable to go to either your local GP or one of the many walk-in sexual health clinics throughout the UK so that you can discuss what your contraceptive options are and more importantly, get advice on what's best for you. (bodyform.co.uk)
  • If you're at a high risk of getting an STI - for example, you or your partner has more than one sexual partner - you may be advised to use another form of contraception. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception in 1998, numerous barriers to emergency contraception remain. (acog.org)
  • The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to examine barriers to the use of emergency contraception, emphasize the importance of increasing access, and review new methods of emergency contraception and limitations in efficacy in special populations. (acog.org)
  • Counsel patients that a copper intrauterine device (IUD) is the most effective form of emergency contraception. (acog.org)
  • Obstetrician-gynecologists and other health care providers should consider integrating copper IUD emergency contraception provision into their practices and allowing same-day provision of IUDs. (acog.org)
  • Write advance prescriptions for emergency contraception, particularly for ulipristal acetate, to increase awareness and reduce barriers to immediate access. (acog.org)
  • Use a visit for emergency contraception as an opportunity to provide information about all contraceptive methods and to initiate a regular method, when possible. (acog.org)
  • Use social media to conduct campaigns regarding access to emergency contraception. (acog.org)
  • Provide a referral for a woman who desires emergency contraception if her health care provider, pharmacy, or institution has an objection to providing it. (acog.org)
  • Collaborate with pharmacies and other retail outlets to avoid misinformation and ensure timely access to emergency contraception. (acog.org)
  • In addition to the many methods detailed in the list of contraception options, today women have access to emergency contraception (EC). (everydayhealth.com)
  • There is no evidence to suggest that women with epilepsy should not take emergency contraception. (epilepsy.ie)
  • Discuss issues related to postpartum and emergency contraception. (netce.com)
  • Adolescent females inquiring about OTC emergency contraception (EC) were less likely to receive accurate information from pharmacy staff compared with adolescent males and physicians, and about 10. (aphanet.org)
  • An estimated 50% of U.S. pregnancies are unintended, and emergency contraception (EC) can prevent about 95% of those pregnancies when taken within five days of intercourse. (constantcontact.com)
  • Emergency contraception: a means to improve reproductive health in West Africa? (europa.eu)
  • Progesterone-only emergency contraception (EC) is currently being introduced in West Africa, and could represent an efficient means towards the reduction of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions. (europa.eu)
  • ACOG Committee Opinion No. 735: Adolescents and Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: Implants and Intrauterine Devices. (medscape.com)
  • Branum AM, Jones J. Trends in long-acting reversible contraception use among U.S. women aged 15-44. (medscape.com)
  • LARC methods of contraception, sometimes called 'set and forget' methods, last for up to five or even 10 years, but are reversible at any time. (mamamia.com.au)
  • Remains to be one of the most effective and preferred forms of modern contraception among Filipinas because they are convenient, non-invasive and reversible. (themermaidinstilettos.com)
  • IUDs and other methods of long-acting reversible contraception offer to help millions of women escape poverty-so why aren't we making them more available? (psmag.com)
  • Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is simply more effective than other forms of birth control, primarily because it removes the possibility of user error. (psmag.com)
  • IUDs are a form of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). (healthline.com)
  • From this table, it would appear that permanent methods of contraception are rarely used in this population, but some organizations such as the Family Planning Association can offer reversible methods of contraception more readily than permanent methods. (gfmer.ch)
  • The safety and efficacy of long-acting reversible contraception are well established for adolescents, but the rate of use remains low for this population. (aappublications.org)
  • The pediatrician can play a key role in increasing access to long-acting reversible contraception for adolescents by providing accurate patient-centered contraception counseling and by understanding and addressing the barriers to use. (aappublications.org)
  • The safety, efficacy, and long-term cost-benefit factors of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) use in the adolescent population have been well established. (aappublications.org)
  • This type of contraception is used when another method has failed. (familiprix.com)
  • Barrier contraceptives do not contain any hormones so do not affect a woman's milk supply or her ability to breast-feed. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Lack of access to family planning services and information is often a barrier-rural women with unmet need for contraception are more than twice as likely as their urban counterparts to cite lack of access as a reason for not using contraceptives. (guttmacher.org)
  • Methods of family planning can be broken down into five categories: Natural Family Planning, withdrawal, barrier contraceptives, hormonal contraceptives, and sterilization. (orthodoxwiki.org)
  • 10 Positive attitudes towards contraception 5 and the use of long-acting contraceptives 8 , 11 have been found to reduce RRP. (mja.com.au)
  • Domestic and sexual violence constitute a persistent barrier for women trying to access contraceptives, not least because a significant number of abusive men deliberately sabotage their wife's or partner's access to contraceptives as part of the abuse. (hrw.org)
  • Hormonal contraceptives, however, can cause serious side effects on a woman's health, and implantable barrier devices require a medical professional for placement, adjustment and removal," Diaz said. (eurekalert.org)
  • A 2012 study from the Guttmacher Institute found that more knowledge about sexual health and contraceptives was directly correlated to a decrease in adolescent and young adult risky sexual behaviors, like having sex without barriers or contraceptives, and increased numbers of sexual partners. (yahoo.com)
  • Diaphragm or cervical cap -Each of these barrier methods are placed inside the vagina to cover the cervix to block sperm. (cdc.gov)
  • It is inserted into the vagina before sex and acts as a barrier, absorbing semen and preventing sperm from entering the cervix. (womenshealthct.com)
  • Once placed inside the vagina, the spermicide melts into a liquid that coats the vagina in order to provide a chemical barrier between the sperm and the cervix. (rxlist.com)
  • Some products also form a thick foam or mucus which blocks the cervix and acts as a barrier against the sperm. (your-life.com)
  • The sheath then lines the walls of the vagina, creating a barrier between the sperm and the cervix. (kidshealth.org)
  • Favorable attributes of barrier methods are: 1) few local side effects, 2) no highly skilled medical intervention is needed, 3) they are applied locally in the vagina, 4) they may inhibit sexually transmitted diseases, 5) there are few medical contraindications to their use, and 6) most are available without prescription. (popline.org)
  • As a result, family planning physicians may be over-cautious, denying women appropriate contraception, thus leading to unplanned pregnancies. (bmj.com)
  • 2 Similarly, cardiologists may be unaware of the range of effective and safe contraceptive methods so that patients with the highest risk lesions may not have access to effective contraception and have unintended, high risk pregnancies. (bmj.com)
  • Almost half of the pregnancies in the United States are unintended, and more than half of those pregnancies occurred in a month when the woman was using contraception. (netce.com)
  • Why Do Unplanned Pregnancies Occur with Contraception? (thefreelibrary.com)
  • During these perimenopausal years, menstrual cycles tend to become irregular, but although there is a decline in natural fertility, contraception is still necessary if unplanned pregnancies are to be avoided. (gfmer.ch)
  • The importance of contraception for the older woman is emphasized by figures from the USA which show that the highest percentages of unplanned pregnancies have been in adolescents and in women older than 35 years [3]. (gfmer.ch)
  • 1 Each year, approximately 750 000 adolescents become pregnant, with more than 80% of these pregnancies unplanned, indicating an unmet need for effective contraception in this population. (aappublications.org)
  • A distinction is implicit here between birth control or family planning and contraception . (orthodoxwiki.org)
  • Whichever barrier option of birth control you choose to try, make sure that you are familiar and confident on its proper insertion and use. (canada.com)
  • Contraception refers to a woman's chosen form of birth control, including hormonal, barrier, chemical and natural methods. (healthywomen.org)
  • What are barrier methods of birth control (contraception)? (rxlist.com)
  • Also called contraception, birth control has several different options. (everydayhealth.com)
  • The unified consensus against contraception fell apart in 1930, when the Seventh Lambeth Conference of the Church of England, representing the Anglican Communion, issued a statement allowing birth control 'when there is a clearly felt moral obligation to limit or avoid parenthood and where there is a morally sound reason for avoiding complete abstinence. (freerepublic.com)
  • Birth control methods can be broadly classified into barrier methods (that prevent sperm cells from reaching the egg), methods that prevent ovulation such as the birth control pill , and methods that allow fertilization of the egg but prevent implantation of the fertilized egg inside the uterus (womb) such as the IUD ( intrauterine device ). (medicinenet.com)
  • Some birth control methods, such as barrier methods, may offer some protection against sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs ), while most methods do not. (medicinenet.com)
  • Barrier methods of birth control prevent the man's sperm from reaching an egg. (medicinenet.com)
  • Some kinds of birth control start to work with the first use, such as barrier methods. (medicinenet.com)
  • Types of birth control methods include options that prevent sperm from reaching an egg, known as barrier methods, methods that prevent ovulation, and methods that prevent implantation of a fertilized egg into the uterus. (medicinenet.com)
  • You have questions or concerns about barrier method of contraception. (drugs.com)
  • The contraceptive sponge is usually considered a barrier method, but not always, as its effectiveness relies largely on spermicide . (wikidoc.org)
  • In choosing a method of contraception, dual protection from the simultaneous risk for HIV and other STDs also should be considered. (cdc.gov)
  • Like the other forms of non-hormonal contraception, this method will not have any effect on a woman's milk supply. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In 2011, the proportion of married women who had an unmet need for modern contraception-that is, they did not want a child soon or wanted to stop childbearing altogether, but were either not practicing contraception or were using a traditional method-was one in three, among the highest levels in Sub-Saharan Africa. (guttmacher.org)
  • If you are taking an enzyme-inducing AED, your doctor may advise you to take a double dose of the Pill with 30µg (micrograms) of oestrogen (so that you take 60µg of oestrogen in total), especially if the Pill is your only method of contraception. (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • It is often best to use other methods of contraception as well, such as a barrier method. (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • This method of contraception is not recommended as it is less effective, particularly if enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs are being taken. (epilepsy.ie)
  • This method of contraception is a single injection into the buttock. (epilepsy.ie)
  • This method of contraception is NOT advisable for women on enzyme inducing anti-epileptic drugs and an alternative method should be considered. (epilepsy.ie)
  • As your hormone levels may be affected by your anti-epileptic treatment the Persona is not a recommended method of contraception. (epilepsy.ie)
  • Thinking of changing or starting a new method of contraception? (bodyform.co.uk)
  • If the woman does not wish to become pregnant, she should, at this point, choose another method of contraception. (familiprix.com)
  • It is therefore important to use additional contraception or change your method of contraception when using any of these medications. (familiprix.com)
  • It has been shown that women who reject a method that does not work for them are at a large risk of rejecting modern contraception altogether. (masai-harmonial.org)
  • In many of these areas, the main providers of contraception are not public institutions, which suggests that cost may be an important factor in determining the number of women who can receive the contraceptive method of their choice in these areas. (gfmer.ch)
  • The combined pill is a hormonal method of contraception. (tcd.ie)
  • A diaphragm or cap is a barrier method of contraception. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Additional barrier method: contraceptive sponge or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository by the female subject or female partner of a male subject. (pfizer.com)
  • When it comes to choosing a method of contraception, there is no shortage of options. (uniprix.com)
  • Natural family planning (or "fertility awareness") is a method of contraception where a woman monitors and records different fertility signals during her menstrual cycle to work out when she's likely to get pregnant. (www.nhs.uk)
  • This means knowing about your choices when it comes to contraception and protection against STIs and deciding on a method that is right for you. (shamelessmag.com)
  • Sometimes it is recommended that women use an alternate method of contraception for the first week after beginning the pill or hormonal contraception. (medicinenet.com)
  • C. Yan Cheng, Michelle W.M. Li and Dolores D. Mruk, " "Unlocking" the Blood-Testis Barrier and the Ectoplasmic Specialization by Cytokines During Spermatogenesis: Emerging Targets for Male Contraception", Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic Agents in Medicinal Chemistry (Under Re-organization) (2008) 8: 20. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Male contraception: another Holy Grail. (nih.gov)
  • We shall note the lack of interest by big pharma with most of the support for male contraception provided by the NIH. (nih.gov)
  • Non-barrier methods of male contraception are still in development. (livescience.com)
  • If you have a heart condition that makes you more likely to develop blood clots or you have high blood pressure then types of contraception that contain oestrogen are very unlikely to be recommended by your doctor. (bhf.org.uk)
  • If you take lamotrigine, it is important to talk to your doctors before starting any contraception that contains the hormones progestogen and oestrogen. (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • Aminin 'man natin o sa hindi ~ there is still a lot of us who lack knowledge when it comes to contraception. (themermaidinstilettos.com)
  • Awareness is one of the pertinent issues faced by organizations on the ground in Lebanon when it comes to contraception and antenatal care. (who.int)
  • If you have a heart condition, some types of contraception may suit you better than others. (bhf.org.uk)
  • As an example, a summary of the frequency of use of different types of contraception offered by the Family Planning Association of Hong Kong for the years 1994-95 is presented in Table III. (gfmer.ch)
  • There are more than 15 types of contraception that can be grouped into three categories: hormonal methods, non-hormonal methods and natural methods. (uniprix.com)
  • Post-abortion contraception counseling has the potential to help nonusers find methods that meet their preferences and to help women better use their current methods. (guttmacher.org)
  • 1. What are the barriers to access safe and legal abortion care? (privacyinternational.org)
  • To identify the barriers experienced by women to access safe and legal abortion care, we have to understand the legal picture. (privacyinternational.org)
  • There is limited access to effective contraception, so the rate of abortion, which is legal up to 12 weeks, is high. (ourbodiesourselves.org)
  • With 15 different methods of contraception currently available in the UK, including thirteen for women and two for men, it can be tricky deciding which one works best for you. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • There is a lack of published data about contraception for women with heart disease. (bmj.com)
  • Bayer marked Women's Month by reiterating the need to educate women about modern contraception and provide access to credible and scientific information on its added benefits. (themermaidinstilettos.com)
  • FYI without contraception 85 in 100 young women will get pregnant this year. (your-life.com)
  • Contraception is a topic with which any provider that sees women in a primary care environment must be familiar, but it can be challenging to stay up-to-date with all possible methods and to answer patients' questions about side effects and health risks. (netce.com)
  • When cost isn't an issue, women will choose more effective, long-term methods of contraception, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. (news-medical.net)
  • Age-related changes can lead women to believe they no longer need to use contraception. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Women approaching the menopause often have contraceptive requirements which differ from those of younger women, but the provision of effective contraception remains equally important. (gfmer.ch)
  • This article describes some of the theoretical advantages and disadvantages of various methods of contraception for perimenopausal women. (gfmer.ch)
  • Current hormonal and barrier methods do not meet the needs of a large number of women. (eurekalert.org)
  • However, the Institute of Medicine has recommended contraception as an essential component of adolescent preventive care, 6 and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (Pub L No. 111-148) requires coverage of preventive services for women, which includes contraception, without a copay. (aappublications.org)
  • About 85% of women become pregnant during 1 year of frequent intercourse if no contraception is used. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Progesterone-only EC is not subjected to medical counter-indications and can be sold over the counter, thus widening access to contraception in contexts where contraceptive supply infrastructures mainly target women in union. (europa.eu)
  • The option of contraception is raised by the Talmud (Tractate Yevamot 12b), where the use of a pessary is discussed for women who are too young to get pregnant, presently pregnant, or nursing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Be aware that using oil-based products like lubricants, or other products like powders or perfumes may decrease the barrier method's effectiveness or cause irritation. (canada.com)
  • Spermicides, a form of chemical contraceptive that work by killing sperm, are often combined with barrier methods of contraception for greater effectiveness. (rxlist.com)
  • This booklet, published by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), discusses the mode of action of barrier methods of contraception--their advantages, disadvantages, and effectiveness. (popline.org)
  • Their effectiveness depends upon the time in your monthly cycle when you begin using the contraception. (medicinenet.com)
  • Among postpartum patients, the prevalence of contraceptive contraindications ranges from less than 1% for progestin-only pills and the implant to 19% for combined hormonal contraception. (lww.com)
  • 2 weeks ago, I attended a " pillow talk" which was organized by Bayer Healthcare so that we could finally understand the importance of reproductive health and to correct most of the misconceptions about modern contraception. (themermaidinstilettos.com)
  • Sabi nga, despite the availability and accessibility of different types of contraceptive methods, accelerating the acceptance and utilization is still hindered by misconceptions and lack of knowledge on modern contraception. (themermaidinstilettos.com)
  • In 2018, an estimated 25.8% or 7.1 million Filipinas aged 15-49, are using modern contraception, an increase of 1.2 million since 2012. (themermaidinstilettos.com)
  • The copper IUD also provides highly effective ongoing contraception. (acog.org)
  • Injectable hormone contraception and bone density: results from a prospective study. (medscape.com)
  • These include the regulation of cell-cell adhesion and tight junction permeability barriers in multiple epithelia and endothelia, such as those found in the small intestine, kidney, skin, and testis. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Herein, we report that p-FAK-Tyr 407 and p-FAK-Tyr 397 display restricted spatiotemporal and almost mutually exclusive localization in the epithelium, affecting BTB dynamics antagonistically, with the former promoting and the latter disrupting the Sertoli cell tight junction-permeability barrier function. (pnas.org)
  • Enzyme-inducing AEDs may affect methods of contraception that contain hormones, such as the Pill or contraceptive implants. (epilepsysociety.org.uk)
  • Contraception based on hormones help alter how your body works to get and stay pregnant. (everydayhealth.com)
  • These contraception methods use hormones to change fertility by stopping the release of the egg (ova), blocking sperm, and changing the lining of the uterus. (tuneinnotout.com)
  • Ho PC, Kwan MS. A prospective randomized comparison of levonorgestrel with the Yuzpe regimen in post-coital contraception. (medscape.com)
  • The Barrier Methods & Contraception Programme supports and strengthens the reproductive health services through research, training, policy development, development of information and education materials, networking and provision of technical assistance on contraception and barrier methods in the KwaZulu-Natal region, within South Africa and internationally. (rhru.co.za)
  • As a result, they will explore novel approaches to contraception that will target two important processes essential for female fertility -- cumulus expansion and oocyte maturation, which can be targeted together because they occur simultaneously during ovulation. (eurekalert.org)
  • From the implant to the pill, help choosing the right contraception for you. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Barrier methods of contraception work by creating a physical barrier between sperm and egg cells so that fertilization cannot occur. (rxlist.com)
  • Research shows that people often experience side effects involving their menstrual cycle while using contraception, in the form of irregular periods , heavy bleeding, spotting , brown discharge or having no periods at all! (bodyform.co.uk)
  • Hormonal contraception acts on the menstrual cycle by preventing the release of an egg, hindering the movement of sperm toward the egg and making the uterus inhospitable to a fertilized egg. (uniprix.com)
  • blood-testis barrier a barrier separating the blood from the seminiferous tubules, consisting of special junctional complexes between adjacent Sertoli cells near the base of the seminiferous epithelium. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • an occluding barrier formed by Sertoli cells in the seminiferous tubules of the testis, which separates the more mature cells of spermatogenesis in the adlumenal compartment of the tubule from blood-derived products in the basal compartment. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • FAK is an integrated component of the blood-testis barrier (BTB) involved in regulating Sertoli cell adhesion via its effects on the occludin-zonula occludens-1 complex. (pnas.org)
  • In the seminiferous epithelium, the blood-testis barrier (BTB) created by coexisting tight junction (TJ) and basal ectoplasmic specialization [basal ES, a testis-specific adherens junction (AJ)] between Sertoli cells near the basement membrane is one of the tightest blood-tissue barriers in the mammalian body ( 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • ︉ If you are sexually active and don't use any contraception, there's an 80 per cent chance you will become pregnant within a year. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Nonhormonal methods generally create a physical barrier between the sperm and the egg. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Mainly dedicated to the absorption of nutrients and water ( 16 , 17 ), the intestinal epithelium also provides a physical barrier designed to restrict the passage of a broad spectrum of noxious and immunogenic substances from the lumen ( 18 ). (pnas.org)
  • As the name indicates, these methods involve creating a physical barrier to stop the sperm from reaching the egg. (uniprix.com)
  • Additionally, medical indications for hormonal contraception, such as dysmenorrhea, heavy menstrual bleeding or other abnormal uterine bleeding, acne, and polycystic ovary syndrome, are often uncovered during adolescent visits. (aappublications.org)
  • A working knowledge of contraception will assist the pediatrician in both sexual health promotion and treatment of common adolescent gynecologic problems. (aappublications.org)
  • In the setting of contraception and sexual health care, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) believes that policies supporting adolescent consent and protecting adolescent confidentiality are in the best interests of adolescents. (aappublications.org)
  • Spermicides are not effective enough when used alone, and should be used in combination with barrier methods such as the diaphragm or cap. (your-life.com)
  • Some barrier methods can also help prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (drugs.com)
  • RHRU's Contraception and Barrier Methods team of 8 core staff has also taken an opportunity to integrate many of its programmes into HIV related sites, such as those dealing with voluntary counselling and testing, prevention of mother to child transmission, antiretroviral treatment and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, while carrying on the regular research on innovative barrier methods and contraception it has been pursuing since 1994. (rhru.co.za)
  • Accordingly, best practice guidelines recommend confidentiality around sexuality and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and minor consent for contraception. (aappublications.org)