Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Contraception, Postcoital: Means of postcoital intervention to avoid pregnancy, such as the administration of POSTCOITAL CONTRACEPTIVES to prevent FERTILIZATION of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg (OVUM IMPLANTATION).Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Contraceptives, Postcoital: Contraceptive substances to be used after COITUS. These agents include high doses of estrogenic drugs; progesterone-receptor blockers; ANTIMETABOLITES; ALKALOIDS, and PROSTAGLANDINS.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Hormonal: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Contraceptive Agents: Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.Contraceptive Agents, Male: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Levonorgestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE and about twice as potent as its racemic or (+-)-isomer (NORGESTREL). It is used for contraception, control of menstrual disorders, and treatment of endometriosis.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Pregnancy, Unwanted: Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Contraceptive Devices, Female: Contraceptive devices used by females.Contraceptives, Postcoital, Synthetic: Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Contraceptives, Oral, Combined: Fixed drug combinations administered orally for contraceptive purposes.Contraception, Immunologic: Contraceptive methods based on immunological processes and techniques, such as the use of CONTRACEPTIVE VACCINES.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Intrauterine Devices, Medicated: Intrauterine devices that release contraceptive agents.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Intrauterine Devices, Copper: Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.Contraception, Barrier: Methods of contraception in which physical, chemical, or biological means are used to prevent the SPERM from reaching the fertilizable OVUM.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Desogestrel: A synthetic progestational hormone used often as the progestogenic component of combined oral contraceptive agents.Religion and SexPregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Ovulation Inhibition: Blocking the process leading to OVULATION. Various factors are known to inhibit ovulation, such as neuroendocrine, psychological, and pharmacological agents.Abortion Applicants: Individuals requesting induced abortions.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Medroxyprogesterone Acetate: A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Norgestrel: A synthetic progestational agent with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE. This racemic or (+-)-form has about half the potency of the levo form (LEVONORGESTREL). Norgestrel is used as a contraceptive, ovulation inhibitor, and for the control of menstrual disorders and endometriosis.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Transdermal Patch: A medicated adhesive patch placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication into the bloodstream.Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Spermatogenesis-Blocking Agents: Chemical substances which inhibit the process of spermatozoa formation at either the first stage, in which spermatogonia develop into spermatocytes and then into spermatids, or the second stage, in which spermatids transform into spermatozoa.Norethindrone: A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.Norpregnadienes: Pregnadienes which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19.Reproductive Medicine: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and pathology of reproduction in man and other animals, and on the biological, medical, and veterinary problems of fertility and lactation. It includes ovulation induction, diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as embryo transfer, in vitro fertilization, and intrafallopian transfer of zygotes. (From Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America, Foreword 1990; Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Notice to Contributors, Jan 1979)Progestins: Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Drug Implants: Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.Nonprescription Drugs: Medicines that can be sold legally without a DRUG PRESCRIPTION.Spermatocidal Agents: Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.Gynecology: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.Ethinyl Estradiol: A semisynthetic alkylated ESTRADIOL with a 17-alpha-ethinyl substitution. It has high estrogenic potency when administered orally, and is often used as the estrogenic component in ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Sterilization, Tubal: Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Norprogesterones: Progesterones which have undergone ring contraction or which are lacking carbon 18 or 19.Condoms: A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.Intrauterine Device Expulsion: Spontaneous loss of INTRAUTERINE DEVICES from the UTERUS.Abortifacient Agents: Chemical substances that interrupt pregnancy after implantation.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Vasectomy: Surgical removal of the ductus deferens, or a portion of it. It is done in association with prostatectomy, or to induce infertility. (Dorland, 28th ed)Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Family Planning Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Great BritainPregnanediol: An inactive metabolite of PROGESTERONE by reduction at C5, C3, and C20 position. Pregnanediol has two hydroxyl groups, at 3-alpha and 20-alpha. It is detectable in URINE after OVULATION and is found in great quantities in the pregnancy urine.Hospitals, Religious: Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Coitus: The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Emergencies: Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.Pregnancy Tests: Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.Conscience: The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.Mifepristone: A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.Ambulatory Care Facilities: Those facilities which administer health services to individuals who do not require hospitalization or institutionalization.Sexuality: The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.Chlormadinone Acetate: An orally active synthetic progestational hormone used often in combinations as an oral contraceptive.Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Uterine Cervical Erosion: Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.Antispermatogenic Agents: Agents, either mechanical or chemical, which destroy spermatozoa in the male genitalia and block spermatogenesis.Sex Counseling: Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Vaccines, Contraceptive: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent conception.Mestranol: The 3-methyl ether of ETHINYL ESTRADIOL. It must be demethylated to be biologically active. It is used as the estrogen component of many combination ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.MissouriProgesterone Congeners: Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.Dysmenorrhea: Painful menstruation.Ethinyl Estradiol-Norgestrel Combination: ETHINYL ESTRADIOL and NORGESTREL given in fixed proportions. It has proved to be an effective contraceptive (CONTRACEPTIVES, ORAL, COMBINED).Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Population Control: Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Spermatogenesis: The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.Menstrual Cycle: The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.United Arab Emirates: A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Reproductive Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Directive Counseling: Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.Lipid Metabolism Disorders: Pathological conditions resulting from abnormal anabolism or catabolism of lipids in the body.Reproductive Behavior: Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.Delayed-Action Preparations: Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.Pharmacies: Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.LondonAdolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Vulvitis: Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.Sperm Count: A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.Gynecological Examination: Inspection and PALPATATION of female breasts, abdomen, and GENITALIA, as well as obtaining a gynecological history. (from Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology)Contraceptive Devices, Male: Contraceptive devices used by males.Obstetrics: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with management and care of women during pregnancy, parturition, and the puerperium.United StatesHealth Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Pregnancy Rate: The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.Nonoxynol: Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.Armenia: An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Uterine Perforation: A hole or break through the wall of the UTERUS, usually made by the placement of an instrument or INTRAUTERINE DEVICES.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Preconception Care: An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Professional-Patient Relations: Interactions between health personnel and patients.Netherlands Antilles: Former Netherlands overseas territory in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It had included the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius, and the southern part of St. Martin. The Netherlands Antilles dissolved on October 10, 2010. Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten became autonomous territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are under the direct administration of the Netherlands. (From US Department of State, Background Note)Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Bosnia-Herzegovina: A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).Emergency Treatment: First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.Nursing Records: Data recorded by nurses concerning the nursing care given to the patient, including judgment of the patient's progress.Intrauterine Device Migration: The shifting in position or location of an INTRAUTERINE DEVICE from its original placement.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Female Urogenital Diseases: Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).Salivary alpha-Amylases: A subclass of alpha-amylase ISOENZYMES that are secreted into SALIVA.Paternalism: Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Safe Sex: Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.Menorrhagia: Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Religion: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)Menstruation-Inducing Agents: Chemical compounds that induce menstruation either through direct action on the reproductive organs or through indirect action by relieving another condition of which amenorrhea is a secondary result. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Adolescent Medicine: A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.Forensic Nursing: The application of NURSING knowledge to questions of law. It is a specialty of nursing practice involving victims of crime which includes not only attending to the physical and emotional distress of victims, but also the identifying, collecting, and preserving evidence for law enforcement and the criminal justice system.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Danazol: A synthetic steroid with antigonadotropic and anti-estrogenic activities that acts as an anterior pituitary suppressant by inhibiting the pituitary output of gonadotropins. It possesses some androgenic properties. Danazol has been used in the treatment of endometriosis and some benign breast disorders.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Testosterone: A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Physicians, Primary Care: Providers of initial care for patients. These PHYSICIANS refer patients when appropriate for secondary or specialist care.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.ScotlandAdolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.PennsylvaniaSpermatozoa: Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Birth Intervals: The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.Single Person: The unmarried man or woman.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Fertile Period: The period in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE that is optimal for FERTILIZATION of the OVUM and yielding PREGNANCY. The duration of fertile period depends on the life span of male GAMETES within the female reproductive tract and the time of OVULATION. It usually begins a few days before ovulation and ends on the day of ovulation.Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without consent of the victim.Amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Legislation, Pharmacy: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of pharmacy, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Mythology: A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Islam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Acne Vulgaris: A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.EnglandNatural Family Planning Methods: A class of natural contraceptive methods in which SEXUAL ABSTINENCE is practiced a few days before and after the estimated day of ovulation, during the fertile phase. Methods for determining the fertile period or OVULATION DETECTION are based on various physiological indicators, such as circulating hormones, changes in cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), and the basal body temperature.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Outpatient Clinics, Hospital: Organized services in a hospital which provide medical care on an outpatient basis.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An umbrella term used to describe a pattern of disabilities and abnormalities that result from fetal exposure to ETHANOL during pregnancy. It encompasses a phenotypic range that can vary greatly between individuals, but reliably includes one or more of the following: characteristic facial dysmorphism, FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION, central nervous system abnormalities, cognitive and/or behavioral dysfunction, BIRTH DEFECTS. The level of maternal alcohol consumption does not necessarily correlate directly with disease severity.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Community Pharmacy Services: Total pharmaceutical services provided to the public through community pharmacies.Teratogens: An agent that causes the production of physical defects in the developing embryo.Unsafe Sex: Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Abnormalities, Drug-Induced: Congenital abnormalities caused by medicinal substances or drugs of abuse given to or taken by the mother, or to which she is inadvertently exposed during the manufacture of such substances. The concept excludes abnormalities resulting from exposure to non-medicinal chemicals in the environment.Progesterone: The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.

Provider attitudes toward dispensing emergency contraception in Michigan's Title X programs.(1/814)

 (+info)

T(2/814)

he pill in Japan: will approval ever come?  (+info)

Rubella immunisation and contraception--a case for re-examining the policy of the Department of Health and Social Security. (3/814)

Now that immunisation against rubella is available, it would at first sight seem reasonable to identify all potential mothers susceptible to this disease and immunise them. Preliminary screening, however, carried out in order to restrict vaccination to seronegative subjects, not only serves no useful purpose, but is counter-productive.  (+info)

Young women taking isotretinoin still conceive. Role of physicians in preventing disaster. (4/814)

QUESTION: One of my adolescent patients was prescribed isotretinoin for severe acne by a dermatologist. I was shocked to discover she does not use any means of contraception. The dermatologist insists he told her about the need for contraception. How can we do better? ANSWER: Clearly this dermatologist, like many of his colleagues, does not comply with the Pregnancy Prevention Program. Until physicians become more aware of this program, babies will continue to be born with embryopathy due to isotretinoin.  (+info)

Quality of contraceptive services in Finland. (5/814)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the quality of contraceptive services in Finland varies by the type of care provider. DESIGN: A cross sectional questionnaire survey. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 3000 Finnish women aged 18-44 years (response rate 74%) in 1994. RESULTS: Almost all women (94%) had used contraception at some time and 75% were current users. Although self care was common (29% had obtained their latest method outside the health services), 83% had sometimes used the health services for contraception. For their last visit, 55% of women had chosen a health centre (a publicly administered and funded health service), and 33% a private unit. In the health centre, the care provider was usually a general practitioner or a public health nurse, whereas in private care the providers were gynaecologists. Women who used private care were more likely to be from higher social classes and urban areas. After adjustment for a women's background, the two groups were similar for most indicators of the quality of care, but access to care and woman's experiences of treatment were better with private care. CONCLUSIONS: In terms of availability and choices the current system of contraceptive services in Finland is adequate. It is not always an integral part of municipal primary health care, and many women prefer private care for gynaecological services; this may case problems of comprehensiveness and equality of care.  (+info)

Health authority commissioning for quality in contraception services. (6/814)

OBJECTIVE: To compare the commissioning of contraception services by London health authorities with accepted models of good practice. DESIGN: Combined interview and postal surveys of all health authorities and National Health Service (NHS) trusts responsible for running family planning clinics in the Greater London area. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Health authority commissioning was assessed on the presence of four key elements of good practice--strategies, coordination, service specifications, and quality standards in contracts--by monitoring activity and quality. RESULTS: Less than half the health authorities surveyed had written strategies or service specifications for contraception services. Arrangements for coordination of services were limited and monitoring was underdeveloped. CONCLUSION: The process of commissioning services for contraception seems to be relatively underdeveloped despite the importance of health problems associated with unplanned pregnancy in London. These findings raise questions about the capacity of health authorities to improve the quality of these services through the commissioning process.  (+info)

Contraceptive needs of women attending a genitourinary medicine clinic for the first time. (7/814)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the need for, and potential uptake of, a contraceptive service within a genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic. METHODS: 544 women, median age 17 years (range 13-54) including 142 teenagers, attending the Fife GUM clinics serving a semirural population of 350,000 for the first time in the 12 month period from 1 September 1995 to 31 August 1996 were interviewed. RESULTS: Contraception was required by 353, of whom only 5% (29) were at risk of unplanned pregnancy, although half (15) of these were teenagers. 23 of 29 (79%) stated that they would access contraception at a GUM clinic if it were available. Of women using contraception, 67% (217/324) were taking the oral contraceptive pill (OCP), of whom 177 obtained supplies from their general practitioners and were happy with this. However, 92/177 (52%) stated that they would access the OCP at GUM clinics if it were available. Overall, of the 243 women who stated that they would access contraception at the GUM clinic, 23 of whom were currently at risk of an unplanned pregnancy, the demand was principally for condoms and the OCP. CONCLUSION: The majority of women attending GUM clinics for the first time are using contraception, or have deliberately chosen not to do so. Only 5% were at risk of unplanned pregnancy. In general, the women using contraception were happy with their current source of contraception, but about two thirds would use a contraceptive service at GUM clinics if it were available at the time they were attending the clinic. It was found that teenagers accounted for half of those women at risk of unwanted pregnancy. However, the majority of teenagers requiring contraception would consider obtaining it from GUM clinics.  (+info)

Detection of the human 70-kD and 60-kD heat shock proteins in the vagina: relation to microbial flora, vaginal pH, and method of contraception. (8/814)

The expression of the 60-kD and 70-kD heat shock proteins (hsp60 and hsp70) in the vaginas of 43 asymptomatic women of reproductive age with or without a history of recurrent vulvovaginitis (RVV) were compared. Vaginal wash samples were obtained and assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for human hsp60 and hsp70. Heat shock protein 70 was not detected in any of the 19 women with no history of RVV, and hsp60 was present in only one woman in this group. In contrast, in the RVV group, 11 (45.8%) were hsp60-positive and eight (33.3%) were hsp70-positive. The presence of either heat shock protein in the vagina was associated with an elevated vaginal pH (>4.5). Bacterial vaginosis or Candida was identified in some of the asymptomatic subjects; their occurrence was significantly higher in women with vaginal hsp70 than in women with no heat shock proteins. Oral contraceptives were used by 35.7% of subjects who were negative for vaginal heat shock proteins, as opposed to only 12.5% of women who were positive for hsp70 and 8.3% who were positive for hsp60. Expression of heat shock proteins in the vagina may indicate an altered vaginal environment and a susceptibility to vulvovaginal symptoms.  (+info)

The prevalence of contraceptive use among women attending CWCs in Sunyani Municipal is quite impressive. Educational background and discussing FP during ANC were associated with current contraceptive use, while discussing FP during CWC, desire to space children and current contraceptive use were significant determinants of clients intention to use contraception in the future. Spousal communication on FP and previous contraceptive use were predictive of both current uptake and intention to adopt FP in the future.. The contraceptive prevalence of 50% among women attending CWC in Sunyani Municipality within 24 months of delivery is much higher than the rate of 27% among currently married women reported in the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) [5], and 39% of postpartum women within 2-12 months of delivery who had been referred to KATH [7]. The higher contraceptive use in the current study could be attributed to the higher proportion of women in their peak reproductive ages of 20-39 ...
Given the 7.8 million births prevented by contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa in 2002 and an HIV prevalence of 7.4%,9 current contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa prevents an estimated 577 200 unplanned births to HIV infected mothers. Assuming a 30% vertical transmission rate in the absence of antiretroviral prophylaxis, we estimate that current contraceptive use prevents over 173 000 unintended HIV infected infants each year in sub-Saharan Africa, or 474 HIV infected infants per day. Current coverage of MTCT programmes would have a minimal effect on this estimated number of infant HIV infections since the weighted coverage of MTCT programmes for Africa is 5%,10 and less than one sixth of HIV positive women with access to MTCT programmes take antiretrovirals.. Approximately 640 000 children were newly infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa during 2003.9 Without any contraceptive use, this number would be 813 000 children. Thus, current contraceptive use is already averting approximately ...
As if women are not already offered contraceptive advice when they present for an abortion! Pregnant young woman are hectored with contraceptive advice the moment they find their way anywhere near the health service. I have come across several disturbing cases recently which could quite properly be described as bullying in which women who have no desire to use contraceptives are hectored by the doctor or practice nurse for being "irresponsible." We also know that groups offering help to women in crisis pregnancies report that the majority are already using one or more forms of contraception. Whatever is at the root of this heartbreaking story, it is not "unmet contraceptive needs ...
The aim of the study was to investigate the determinants of use of modern contraceptive among married women in Ethiopia. Our study is based on the data taken from a nationally representative survey EDHS of 2011. The sample includes 9,438 married women aged 15-49 years. Cross tabulations were carried out at the bivariate level to assess the association between contraceptive use and each of the explanatory variables and binary multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors influencing modem contraceptive use among married women in Ethiopia. The bivariate analysis reveals statistically significant association between all explanatory variables i.e age of woman, region, religion, place of residence, education level of woman, number of living children, desire for more children, wealth status, and decision maker for modern contraception, educational level of husband, modern contraceptive knowledge and exposure to media. Results for binary multiple logistic regression analysis reveals
FARMINGTON, Conn., Dec. 10, 2012 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- Over 220 million women have an unmet need for modern contraceptives. In the developing world, while the proportion of women using modern contraceptive methods has undergone little change over the years, the number of women with an unmet need for such contraceptives has remained the same owing to various factors. The turn of the 20th century witnessed a paradigm social transformation in the developing countries from large families to smaller ones. Increased usage of modern contraception methods, and rising participation by Governmental, non-Governmental agencies, private organizations, clinics and pharmacies to increase awareness through family planning programs have all fueled growth in modern contraceptives usage. The group which faces the greatest challenge among such women are those who are poor and with low education and who live in rural and semi-urban areas having low access to services. (Photo: ...
Worldwide, 214 million women have an unmet need for modern contraception (i.e., they do not wish to get pregnant and are using no contraceptive method or a traditional method).6 Access to FP methods varies significantly by region (see Table 1). Unmet need for FP is highest in regions like sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania where contraceptive prevalence is lowest.7 Adolescent fertility rates have declined slowly and remain particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa, where child marriage remains common, and in Latin America and the Caribbean.8 While the percentage of pregnant women receiving the recommended minimum number of four antenatal care visits has been on the rise, it is 52% in developing countries and lower still in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia.9 Each year, approximately 47,000 women die from complications associated with unsafe abortion.10 Access to and use of effective contraception reduces unintended pregnancies and the incidence of abortion.11. Reasons for the lack of access to and, ...
QHow soon after a termination of pregnancy is it safe to fit an IUCD?. AThere has been concern that immediate post-abortal IUCD insertion may lead to higher rates of perforation, infection and expulsion. This has led some authors to suggest interval insertion two to six weeks post-abortion, but the potential advantages of immediate IUCD fitting include:. · Immediate contraceptive cover. · Avoids the inconvenience and discomfort of a second fitting procedure. · Provides an opportunity to offer contraceptive advice at a time when most women are highly motivated to sort out effective contraception. · Allows a unique opportunity to address contraceptive needs in users who may have difficulty accessing medical services and may default further follow-up.. Randomised controlled trials have compared the performance of different IUCDs inserted immediately post-abortion. In all these the rates of perforation, infection, expulsion and contraceptive failure have been low and comparable to figures quoted ...
Not using effective contraception once becoming sexually active multiplies up to 6 times the risk for teen pregnancy. The effective use of contraception once becoming sexually active is the best way to avoid unwanted pregnancy during adolescence. This is just one of the conclusions of a study by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Universidad Complutense in Madrid which additionally reveals that using no contraception or using it well after starting sexual relations increases up to six times the risk for teen pregnancy. In addition, the use of ineffective contraception (methods other than condoms, intrauterine contraceptive device [IUDs], diaphragms, or hormonal methods) quadrupled the risk.. These two conclusions are reflected in the study Teenage motherhood in Spain, led by CSIC researcher Margarita Delgado. Research was based on a survey conducted by the spanish Sociological Research Center on 9,700 women over the age of fifteen and even covered generations of women born ...
This program explains birth control. Birth control is also known as contraception. The program includes the following sections: how does pregnancy happen, what is contraception, what are contraceptive implantable devices, what are hormonal methods of birth control and the birth control pill, what are barrier methods of birth control, what is spermicide and what are methods of sterilization.
New moms have specific contraceptive needs. They want birth control that is effective, simple to use, can be used over a long period of time, and allows for sexual spontaneity.
|div id=teaser class=fragment teaser ||div class=p|Everything NICE has said on contraceptive services, long-acting reversible contraception and sterilisation in an interactive flowchart|/div||/div|
Contraception is an important topic for women, men and healthcare professionals. Several methods of contraception are available. It is important for the pharmacist to have a solid understanding of the subject in order to give appropriate advice. When used correctly, modern contraceptives are highly effective in preventing pregnancy. Most women can safely use hormonal contraceptives. This article focuses on the use of hormonal contraception in women who may not necessarily be young or healthy, provides answers to practical questions that are not frequently asked, and addresses a few common misperceptions about hormonal contraception.
In April 2011, the Guttmacher Institute published the results of an analysis finding that 99% of all women of reproductive age who have ever had sex-including 98% of such Catholic women-have used a method of contraception other than natural family planning. These data have been ubiquitous in the recent debate over the requirement that private insurance plans cover contraceptive services and supplies without cost-sharing.
Births among adolescents account for 13 percent of all births in the United States. Adolescents most commonly use contraception at the time of first intercourse but then often do not use contraception as sexual activity increases. Davtyan reviews contraception issues in adolescents and discusses some of the misconceptions adolescents may have about contraception.. The author performed a MEDLINE search of the literature from 1980 to 1999 to gather information on contraception. The author notes that misconceptions about the risks of contraception, fear of the pelvic examination and concerns about confidentiality keep many teenagers from seeking advice from their physicians. Better communication with adolescents can help overcome some of these barriers. Most teens would like to discuss contraception and sexually transmitted diseases with their physicians, but most clinicians do not bring up these topics. Physicians are legally protected when providing diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted ...
Looking for Artificial contraception? Find out information about Artificial contraception. practice of contraception for the purpose of limiting reproduction. Male birth control methods include withdrawal of the male before ejaculation and use of... Explanation of Artificial contraception
It was a victorious day for women when the Obama Administration promulgated the contraception mandate, which promised women equal access to free contraception. However, while some women rejoiced upon being able to receive this contraception, many women quickly discovered that they were not so lucky. Although the contraception mandate touts its program as "equal and free," the reality is that a womans ability to obtain free contraception depends on who her employer is.. In order to accomplish equal access to contraception, the contraception mandate (one of the provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare) requires employers to provide employee health insurance plans with free contraceptive services. Employers that do not provide such plans are fined $100 a day per employee. Although on its face the mandate seems to accomplish the objective of free contraception, it falls short in actuality. This is because certain religious employers, as well as employers ...
Calendar/Garcinia download Contraception. sperm, jLAYrYJ. fda Pills, FQFSbBF, Provestra, UvrDuzr, VP-RX, FzveSWC, Provacyl, MmFMrbA, MaleEdge, hnTIRYw, Semenax fda, nrScfQS. Levitra hyperbolic pharmacy, volume, Generic Cialis, sryVZDQ, Why are similarly two HomesHouse stages in the e cigarette, wtfEnWz, Cialis point of pill, power, GenF20, pQphYbx, Xanax vs ativan, nAyDknN. ProShapeRX, SGLDmsG, Jesextender, OhMFjle, Miroverve, MwMgYLG, Maxoderm, download Contraception. Science and Practice, Eye Secrets, WavEoyy, Male Extra, StxvgoE. But send, the military download Contraception. Science and Practice captured dated by a exhibition which were the Tartars and created drops upon details every DistancePPG. All Buy download Contraception. and millet was direct; the Tartars asked even long as the crises of government was on their merchants: armies in the research or vigrx considered by wasting maps, included by a much guidance. The encompassing Tartars, buried and written by the download Contraception. ...
All females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must use one of the approved contraceptive options as described below while on investigational product and for at least 28 days after administration of the last dose of the investigational product.. At the time of study entry, and at any time during the study when a female subject of childbearing potentials contraceptive measures or ability to become pregnant changes, the investigator will educate the subject regarding contraception options and the correct and consistent use of effective contraceptive methods in order to successfully prevent pregnancy.. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at Screening and Baseline. All FCBP subjects who engage in activity in which conception is possible must use one of the approved contraceptive options described below:. Option 1: Any one of the following highly effective methods: hormonal contraception (oral, injection, implant, transdermal patch, vaginal ring); intrauterine device ...
This new guideline brings together evidence and expert opinion on the provision of contraception to women who are overweight and women with obesity. This guidance is most relevant to women of reproductive age who require contraception and have a body mass index of 25 kg/m2 or higher. The guidance is intended for use by health professionals who provide contraceptive advice or contraceptive supplies for women in community and hospital settings ...
|div id=teaser class=fragment teaser ||div class=p|Everything NICE has said on contraceptive services for under 25s in an interactive flowchart|/div||/div|
This book analyses the reasons for relying on behavioural contraception methods among urban elites in India and examines their efficacy in controlling fertility. It also traces variations in contraception choice over the reproductive cycle of women. Although researchers and policy makers
The difference between contraception and birth control lies in usage. The major difference is that contraception refers to the devices used to prevent unwanted preganncies and birth control is the process by which unwanted pregnancies are controlled.
The following topic concerning the contraception may be found in the AMS Information Sheets. Contraception While fertility declines with age, women are at risk of an unintended pregnancy until 12 months after the last menstrual period if over 50 years (24 months if below 50 years) Women should be provided with evidence-based information about all contraceptive options in order to support informed decision making Oestrogen containing methods (combined oral contraception and the vaginal ring
In sub-Saharan Africa, large-scale measurements (for an entire country or region) show that the use of modern contraceptive methods is increasing, but slowly, giving the impression that change in this field will inevitably take time. To gain a better understanding of the reasons why the spread is so slow, particularly in rural areas, we made a detailed study of the history of contraception in a rural community in Bandafassi, Senegal. Using several information sources we were able to track the increase in contraceptive use year by year and examine the factors at work. The study presented here shows that, contrary to received wisdom, contraceptive use can spread rapidly in a rural area of Africa with few socioeconomic advantages, but that its diffusion is difficult to measure due to considerable under-reporting, and is by no means guaranteed over the long term ...
Ive been on the Nuvaring for years and I love it. Its so easy and I really havent experienced any side affects. In my time Ive tried birth control pills (cant stomach them), Depo Provera shot (loved it but gained alot of wait), the Patch (loved it until I started having a really bad skin reaction to it) and now the Nuva Ring. My FI has a vasectomy so its not really an issue of not TTC but just that I have Adenomyosis and my cycles are brutal. My doctor told me I could keep changing my Nuva Ring out every month and not have a cycle until I was ready for my hysterectomy.. ...
All birth control pills are very similar and work the same way to prevent ovulation. As a new start patient, the first month of hormone needs to be completed in order to rely on it for birth control. Also when starting for the first time, you may experience minor side effects like nausea, breast tenderness or irregular bleeding. These symptoms usually resolve after 3 months of usage; however if they continue please call the office to discuss switching to a different type that may work better for you. Often times, we can discuss this at your follow-up as well.. If you are taking the "minipill" or progesterone only pill keep in mind it needs to be taken the same time everyday within 3 hours. If you miss the 3 hour limit , take it as soon as you remember. If its the next day take 2 pills and finish the pack. In either case, use back-up contraception for 48 hours.. If more than 1 pill is missed stop taking them , discard the pack. Use emergency contraception if you need to. Your period should begin ...
A large percentage of US women reporting postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS) are either not using contraception or using less effective user-dependent methods, a recent study found. Data were evaluated from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2009-2011, and included 16,357 postpartum women. Contraceptive use was categorized as permanent, long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), user-dependent hormonal, and user-dependent non-hormonal. Researchers found:
Many topics that pertain to the sanctity of the human life are very controversial issues in religions all over the world. It is often debated whether or not humans should have the authority to control the rate of birth of our own species, based on our ability to stop fertilization from happening without abstaining from sexual conduct. Contraception is defined as the prevention of fertilization, during or after sexual activity. It refers to the use of contraceptives including (but not limited to) birth control, condoms, cervical caps, spermicide, IUD, diaphragm, oral contraceptive pills and the "morning after" pill. These methods of contraception are used for various reasons, for example, limiting the number of children a married couple has, for purposes of not damaging their living standards. Another reason for contraception may apply to couples who have a sexual relationship, but have no desire for children at that stage in their lives. A more severe and legitimate reason is when the physical ...
According to the National Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) 2013, only 9.8 per cent of married women use modern contraception. This figure has remained static in the last five years.. The NDHS listed some reasons women eschew contraception as: concerns about health risks or side effects, opposition to use, either by the woman or her partner, for personal or religious reasons; perception that they would not get pregnant because they had sex infrequently, had postpartum amenorrhea, or were breastfeeding; lack of knowledge about methods of contraception or where they could get them and inability to obtain or afford contraceptives.. Fourth mother. Ruth Chijioke, a 33-year- old mother of three boys told THISDAY that more awareness is needed if Lagos intends to reach the 2018 target of 74 per cent. "I had mixed feelings about using any of the methods. But Im not done with childbearing. I love to have one more children.". Ruth had her first child at age 25. Her children are aged eight, seven and ...
Washout period from prior treatment of at least 3 months.. Participants with CD(4) cell counts greater than or equal to 100 cells/mm(3). Capacity to understand and sign or thumbprint the Informed Consent document, as well as willingness to comply with the study requirements and clinic policies.. Absolute neutrophil count , 1,000 cells/mm3.. Platelets , 50,000/mm3.. Hemoglobin , 10.5 mg/dL.. Not pregnant or breast-feeding. Serum pregnancy test must be negative 2 weeks prior to Day -28 and to Day 0 prior to dosing with study medications for female participants.. If the participant is able to become pregnant, then she must use 2 effective methods of contraception during the study. Effective contraceptive methods include abstinence, surgical sterilization of either partner, barrier methods such as diaphragm, condom, cap, or sponge, or use of hormonal contraception with an anti-HIV regimen that will not alter metabolism of hormonal contraception. This is advised on the basis of using ribavirin, which ...
About 40 per cent of women surveyed cited health concerns and fear of side effects as the primary reason behind their decision not to use contraception, the study, based on 10 years of data from the Cambodian Demographic and Health surveys, found. Meanwhile, close to 47 per cent of women cited infrequent sex, lack of fertility, or a desire to get pregnant as the reasons behind their decision ...
Effective for plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, employer-sponsored group health plans that are not grandfathered must provide women with access to a list of 16...
Jaydess, a new long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) that protects against unwanted pregnancy for 3 years has just launched in the UK. We explore the birth control options besides the Pill and condoms to see if you should reconsider your contra
Washington, DC - In new guidance out today, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) underscored the importance of beginning the conversation between provider and patient about contraception during adolescence. Contraception plays a vital role in womens health care, from preventing pregnancy to management of chronic conditions. Most women will use contraception off and on for over 30 years.. By the 12th grade, more than half of young women report having had sex. In an effort to provide anticipatory guidance, discussions about contraception, sexually transmitted disease prevention, and other sexual health issues should begin before a girl has become sexually active, ideally during the first reproductive health visit between ages 13-15. However, regardless of a patients age or previous sexual activity, contraceptive counseling should be a routine part of every visit.. "Contraception should be a conversation with patients as early as appropriate," said Committee Opinion ...
Here is the problem - it depends on your point of reference. HHS has apparently mandated that contraception be available without co-pay, and that the insurance companies not raise their rates to cover those who so chose it. That includes religiously affiliated institutions like Georgetown, whose leadership object to paying for contraception on religious grounds. The HHS compromise is apparently that they can offer two policies, one with and one without contraception coverage, but cannot charge anything more for it over the policy that does not provide for contraception coverage. Which is, in essence, an accounting gimmick to get around the religious objections to the contraception mandate, but ignores that these institutions will have to pay for the contraception any way, since the cost of the contraception will, by necessity, based on the way that the rule was written, be spread out across the policies of both those who elect contraception and those who do not. Or, more relevant here, the ...
Contraception Why Not by Dr. Janet E Smith. My topic for tonight is the Churchs teaching on contraception and various sexual issues. As you know, we live in a culture that thinks that contraception is one of the greatest inventions in the history of mankind. If you were to ask people if they wanted to…
A large and growing body of literature explores the health benefits related to services received at family planning clinics.. • Research indicates that family planning, including planning, delaying and spacing pregnancies, is linked to improved birth outcomes for babies, either directly or through healthy maternal behaviors during pregnancy.. • Contraceptive methods have a range of benefits other than their primary purpose of pregnancy prevention. Contraception reduces pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality, reduces the risk of developing certain reproductive cancers, and can be used to treat many menstrualrelated symptoms and disorders.. • In addition to contraception, a range of other beneficial health services are available to clients at family planning clinics. Services to prevent, screen for and treat diseases and conditions such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV, HPV and cervical cancer, as well as to address intimate partner violence, benefit both female and male clients who visit ...
Contraceptive advice - this is a self or doctor referral and the clinic is held on a Tuesday or Thursday afternoon. Counselling and provision of different contraceptive choices such as contraceptive pills, contraceptive injections, coils (IUD and IUS), implants, diaphragms and condoms are offered ...
Special consideration: Adolescents In general, adolescents are eligible to use any method of contraception and must have access to a variety of contraceptive choices. Age alone does not constitute a medical reason for denying any method to adolescents. While some concerns have been expressed regarding the use of certain contraceptive methods in adolescents (e.g. the use of progestogen-only injectables by those below 18 years), these concerns must be balanced against the advantages of avoiding pregnancy. It is clear that many of the same eligibility criteria that apply to older clients apply to young people. However, some conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disorders) that may limit use of some methods in older women do not generally affect young people since these conditions are rare in this age group. Social and behavioural issues should be important considerations in the choice of contraceptive methods by adolescents. For example, in some settings, adolescents are also at increased risk for STIs, ...
Refers to hormonal methods of birth control including the birth control pill, implant/">the implant, and IUDs. See hormonal contraceptives ...
There are many forms of contraception for women. For information on the different types of contraception and to buy discreetly online visit 121.doc.
Vaginal dryness can be one of the more common side effects of hormonal birth control methods (like the pill). Vaginal discharge and the lubrication thats produced during arousal are influenced by whats going on with our hormones (to at least some extent). When youre using a hormonal method of birth control, you are altering the way your body works hormonally. They dont just re-order your cycle or just protect you from pregnancy, they can influence everything that is associated with those hormones. So yes, vaginal dryness or problems with arousal can be related to the pill (or other hormonal method).. What can be done about this then? Well, first of all, make sure that youre giving your body enough time to become relaxed and aroused before attempting any sort of penetrative activity. While dryness can be related to hormonal methods, that isnt necessarily always the cause. If you are not spending time with foreplay and other activities for you that are enjoyable, then youre probably not ...
INTRODUCTION. Nonsurgical contraceptive measures include permanent or temporary pharmaco-castration of males, reversible and nonreversible estrus prevention in females, estrus suppression in females, and pregnancy prevention or termination after unwanted mating. As for females, no new products for estrus prevention or suppression have been introduced in the last decade, other than revised formulations and new brands of progestins previously marketed. In fact, contraceptive options in bitches have decreased in some countries with the recent withdrawal of the androgen mibolerone (Cheque Drops©) as an estrus preventative. However, an implant product providing down-regulating amounts of a potent GnRH-agonist has recently been approved as male dog contraception in New Zealand and Australia, and efforts are underway to obtain approval as a contraceptive in bitches as well, as well as application to cats. Depending on price and regulatory hurdles, the product is likely to become available in many ...
Contraception which can be accessed every day includes termination of pregnancy support, advice on the best birth control for you, condoms and emergency contraception.
Certain birth control methods may cause heavy or irregular bleeding. This is usually not dangerous, but tell your doctor.. If you have migraine headaches with aura (such as sensations before your migraines start), high blood pressure, blood clots, or cancer, or if you smoke, talk with your doctor about birth control that has estrogen in it. These conditions may increase your risk of blood clots and stroke.. Condoms are the only birth control method that decreases your risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection. Condoms can be used with any other form of birth control.. To safely reduce your risk of pregnancy within five days of unprotected sex, prescription and over-the-counter emergency contraceptive options are available. ...
​The terms post-partum and post-natal refer to the period of time immediately after giving birth, and for the next six weeks. Even if sex is the last thing on your mind at this time, contraception should be discussed - until your baby is 21 days old you cannot become pregnant but after that contraception is needed and fortunately there are now many choices available. The types of contraceptives can be divided into short-acting, long-acting and permanent. If you are planning on having another baby in the next year or so then you should consider a short-acting contraceptive.
We are proud to partner with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Population Services International to fund a new approach to adolescent reproductive health. We are making this commitment to help improve the lives and health of thousands of young women. Adolescents 360 is a $30 million joint-investment to fund modern contraceptive use and reduce unplanned pregnancy among young girls aged between 15-19 in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Nigeria. It will fund programs developed by young people, for young people that respond to adolescents specific needs in obtaining contraceptives. Pregnancy at such a young age, robs girls of the chance to live her healthiest and most productive life. In low- and middle-income countries, pregnancy complications is a leading cause of death for teenage girls. Read more.
By 2020, 1.2 billion people or 16% of the worlds population will be entering their childbearing years, with 90% of these in the developing world. Along with education, the availability of effective contraception…
Public support for effective contraception choices makes good economic sense, by a cost-benefit analysis of the sort Republicans otherwise embrace, an economist writes.
Many new mothers are reluctant to go in for invasive contraceptives immediately after the infant is born. During these initial months postpartum breastfeeding is used as an interim contraception method. It encourages optimal breastfeeding and is healthy for both infant and mother.
In addition to actively preventing UTIs by trying some of the tips above, it sounds like you are also interested in changing up your birth control method. Before that, however, I think it might be helpful to take a step back and assess your attitudes around certain types of birth control with regards to being in a long-term relationship. You mentioned that using hormonal birth control or barriers are a drag because you are in a long-term relationship. Have you given any thought as to why you feel that way? Everyones body is different, and you might find that the birth control method that works the best for your and your body is a method that you have not given full consideration to, simply because of your relationship status. Many people (myself included) have used barrier methods consistently as a form of birth control while in a long-term relationship, because of the benefits of using that particular method (low cost, accessibility, STI protection, and more). Being in a relationship shouldnt ...
Theres no question that 40 is a milestone birthday. Its a midlife point-a time to reflect, evaluate, consider, think. Is this the right career for you? Are you happy in your marriage or relationship? How are your children turning out? Is it time to have children?. But as you muse upon the course your life has taken up to now and where you want it to go over the next decade, dont forget to consider one very important component: Contraception. Whether youre finished having children or considering having your first one (dont laugh: in 2005, the birth rates for women 35 and older rose to levels not seen in almost 40 years), the only thing standing between you and the unexpected is your contraception.. Because while you may be moaning about your first gray hairs and the fact that its suddenly become harder to lose those final (or first) five pounds and youve started paying as much attention to your retirement fund as to your kids college fund, the reality is that some things really havent ...
An easy-to-use gel applied daily to the skin shows promise as a reversible contraceptive for men, researchers reported Tuesday at the Endocrine Society Annual Meeting in Houston.
Either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse (which must be reviewed on a monthly basis) or agree to use, and be able to comply with, effective contraception without interruption, 28 days prior to starting study drug, during the study therapy (including dose interruptions), and for 28 days after discontinuation of study therapy (see specifics in Appendix 20.8 ...
How effective are the various methods? Some contraceptive methods are more effective in preventing pregnancy than others, while only condoms offer any protection against sexually transmitted infections. The following figures will give you some idea of which kinds of contraception are the most efficient at protecting you against pregnancy.
By 2014, there were an estimated 280,000 women using contraception from the franchising and voucher program. To put this in context, there were an estimated 500,000 LARC and PM users nationally by 2014-2015.36 Based on preliminary findings from the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey, the modern method CPR among married women increased by 9 percentage points between 2011 and 2016, from 26% to 35%, and the LARC proportion of the method mix doubled during the same time period, from 12% to 22%.37 Furthermore, IUD use among married women increased threefold, from 0.5% to 1.5%.37 By reducing financial barriers to LARCs and PMs, the voucher and franchising program may have helped contribute to national-level increases in contraceptive prevalence: the estimated CPR increase from the voucher program of 1.4 percentage points represents 15% of Ugandas CPR increase between the 2011 and 2016 DHS surveys for modern methods among married women. Attribution from these program data is based on several ...
MHRP researchers examined contraceptive use in women who were enrolled in a phase I/IIa HIV clinical trial in Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya. The results were recently published on PLoS One, an open-access online journal.
Talking to your kids about sex can be daunting, no matter how close you are. But discussing issues like abstinence, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and birth control can help lower teens risk of an unintended pregnancy or contracting an STD.. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) supports sex education that includes information about both abstinence and birth control. Research has shown that this information doesnt increase kids level of sexual activity, but actually promotes and increases the proper use of birth control methods among sexually active teens.. How and when you discuss sex and birth control is up to you. Providing the facts is vital, but its also wise to tell your kids where you stand. Remember, by approaching these issues like any other health topics, not as something dirty or embarrassing, you increase the odds that your kids will feel comfortable coming to you with any questions and problems. As awkward as it might feel, answer questions honestly. And if you dont ...
Need effective birth control that works for you? Prescription contraceptives are the most effective way to enjoy safe sex. Order with OnlineClinic.
Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential should use an effective contraceptive method. Pregnant women should not use this product. If youre planning a pregnancy or become pregnant, contact your family doctor. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex nature of your treatment, you will receive information that is much more ...
Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential and men who are taking the medication should use an effective contraceptive method during treatment and for several months after the end of it. Ask your healthcare professional for details. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. Blood donation is usually refused during this treatment. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex ...
Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential and men who are taking the medication should use an effective contraceptive method. Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. This medication may interact with other medications or supplements, sometimes significantly. Many interactions, however, may be dealt with by a dosage adjustment or a change in medication schedule. Check with your pharmacist before using this medication in combination with any other medications (including non-prescription products), vitamins or natural products. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex nature of your treatment, you will receive information that is much more comprehensive and that deals specifically with your needs. Make sure that you have all the ...
Taking this medication during pregnancy may be harmful for the baby. Women of childbearing potential and men who are taking the medication should use an effective contraceptive method during treatment and for several months after the end of it. Ask your healthcare professional for details. Although the drugs you are taking are intended to help you, they can be harmful to those around you. Make sure that a professional who oversees your treatment has given you all the necessary precautions. This information handout only provides an overview of your treatment. Given the complex nature of your treatment, you will receive information that is much more comprehensive and that deals specifically with your needs. Make sure that you have all the relevant information regarding your medication. ...
When planning a family with your loved one, you may decide to have a baby only after sufficient mental and financial preparations. In that case, the choice of contraception method is very important, what should you do? We talked to an Obstetrics and Gynaecology specialist doctor to find out.
After evaluating comments, we have decided to add an additional element to the final rule. Nonprofit employers who, based on religious beliefs, do not currently provide contraceptive coverage in their insurance plan, will be provided an additional year, until August 1, 2013, to comply with the new law. Employers wishing to take advantage of the additional year must certify that they qualify for the delayed implementation. This additional year will allow these organizations more time and flexibility to adapt to this new rule. We intend to require employers that do not offer coverage of contraceptive services to provide notice to employees, which will also state that contraceptive services are available at sites such as community health centers, public clinics, and hospitals with income-based support. We will continue to work closely with religious groups during this transitional period to discuss their concerns. ...
According to my doctors, only some birth control can be used to skip periods. Basically if your pill is the same strength for every pill, you can skip periods with them, but pills like Ortho TriCyclen gets stronger in hormones as the month goes on, so you cant really skip periods with that as the new pack starts at a lower dosage of hormones that the last week you had. Also, spotting can happen with birth control even if you arent skipping periods, especially if you are on a new brand. Also, did you use backup protection against pregnancy this month? You are supposed to for the first month on a new pill/starting up again, or else you can get pregnant and spotting is a symptom of that. Not to worry you but ...
I have been on birth control for about 6 years off and on. I first got on it for acne, heavy bleeding, and cramps. My issue is that I switched to yasmin in january and come March something just wasnt r...
Here are some links to information about Birth Control Chart of Effectiveness of Different Birth Control from CDC Bedsider Main Page Birth Control Options from Bedsider Birth Control Comparison from Cedar River Clinic (easy to navigate)
On February 29, 2012 Limbaugh unleashed an on-air slew of misogynistic and derogatory comments towards Georgetown law student Sandra Fluke. Fluke was attacked by Limbaugh after she testified before an unofficial hearing convened by Democrats. She criticized the health insurance policies of Georgetown, a Jesuit university, saying the schools lack of contraception coverage has a harmful impact on female students. "Im an American woman who uses contraceptives," she declared. [9]. On his show, Limbaugh slammed Fluke and claimed that she asked the government to subsidize her sex life. "What does that make her?" he asks. "It makes her a slut, right? It makes her a prostitute. She wants to be paid to have sex. Shes having so much sex she cant afford contraception. She wants you and me and the taxpayers to pay her to have sex." [10] The next day next Limbaugh added, "if were going to pay for your contraceptives and thus pay for you to have sex, we want something for it. We want you to post the ...
Side effects of the contraceptive pill include depression, bloating, headaches and mood swings. Meet 4 women who stopped taking the pill and swapped to hormone-free contraception
Get this from a library! Eves herbs : a history of contraception and abortion in the West. [John M Riddle] -- Eves Herbs explores a new question: If women once had access to effective means of birth control, why was this knowledge lost to them in modern times?--BOOK JACKET. Beginning with the testimony ...
There is a growing need for data on contraceptive efficacy in obese women. This article details the current state of knowledge in this regard.
There are many types of contraception available based on preference, goals, medical history, lifestyle and other factors. Discuss birth control with Jill Gibson, MD.
At this point the average age of a Natural Cycles user is 29-years-old. While the renewal rate after the first years subscription currently stands at 60 per cent.. "Most women are between 25 and 35, theyre in a stable relationship, theyre often thinking about that they want to have children in a few years and they dont want to take hormones anymore," says Berglund. "Most of our users do come from hormonal contraception - and theyre thinking Ill use this method in the mean time to also understand how my body works.". The product can also be used by women to help them try to get pregnant, though she says thats currently a minority of users (circa 25 per cent).. "We often see that after about two years [users] then switch to use the app to get pregnant, and then they get pregnant very quickly because they already know their body and the app knows them as well," she adds.. Another feature gives women an incentive to continue using Natural Cycles for the first three months after they get ...
Birth control is also known as contraception. It refers to the prevention of a pregnancy following sexual intercourse, and may involve physical barriers, hormonal manipulation, or surgical intervention. (Some people also include abortion and abstinence.)Contraception can be a controversial issue in terms of politics, religion and ethics.
You have a lot of options when it comes to birth control. Some methods dont require a doctors visit, but others, like oral contraceptives, are available only by prescription.
You have a lot of options when it comes to birth control. Some methods dont require a doctors visit, but others, like oral contraceptives, are available only by prescription.
You can use various methods of birth control options like: Pregnancy prevention, family planning, fertility control, contraception, etc. If you are a
VOILLA!!!. So what does this all mean? Knowing your ovulation window allows you to make more informed decisions about sex. Using healthy safe sex practices are a given, but if you want to limit the likelihood of getting pregnant, you may abstain or use at least two forms of contraception during your ovulation window. If you are wanting to get pregnant, you now know the best time frame to try.. It is also important to take in to account the longevity of sperm. While most sperm seem to have a significant reduction in capacitation (the ability to fertilize an egg) after 72 hours, some determined ones can hang around for five, and some instances 7 days trying to kick it to an egg- you know the type, lol.. So there you have it. Do the math for yourself + your yoni = peace of mind ; ). Love being a woman,. Dr. Danett. ...
An implanted chip could give women the power to wirelessly control their own fertility, bringing contraception to millions of women in developing countries and reducing infant m...
Pope Francis has suggested women threatened with the Zika virus could use artificial contraception, saying avoiding pregnancy is not an absolute evil in light of the global epidemic.
Following the birth of your baby, it may take some time before you want to have sex again, or it may take no time at all. Every woman is different and there is no right or wrong way to feel.
According to a study, more women in there 40s are opting to delay motherhood. Has the emergence of contraception played a part in allowing such flexibility?
On Tuesday night, the Ector County Independent School District board voted 4-3 to end a one-day contraception lesson as part of the districts ...
|p|Vice President Joe Biden, reflecting on the contraception debate that forced the administration to alter the policy to appease Catholic leaders, said that the administration "screwed up" the first version of the mandate.|/p|
Female Contraception - Pipeline Review, H1 2016 Complete Report Details @ https://www.wiseguyreports.com/reports/543762-female-contraception-pipeline-revie
The rationale for selecting our local school for closure has to do with things not relevant to this commentary. The real reason is Comfortable Catholic Contraception.
Way back in August 2011, the Obama administration announced that under the Affordable Care Act contraception would be covered by insurance plans as
Question posted in: contraception, tri-lo-marzia - Additional details: ... even for the second month in the pamphlet does that mean I have to do that ...
Read Contraception Made Easy, revised edition by Laura Percy with Rakuten Kobo. Highly Commended in the 2016 BMA Medical Book Awards! From reviews:
Achetez les tests de grossesse, les tests dovulation ,et le moniteur de contraception Clearblue sur votre pharmacie en ligne MonCoinSanté.com. Envoi Rapide.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9MBO9tNNejo Is this 2012 or 1955? Does he know that married women also use birth control so they can have sex without getting pregnant? Does he know many women take birth control to control pain during periods? He scares me because he sounds like he would forbid unmarried females from obtaining any for of birth control.
Now that Trump wants to take away birth control funding, you could have to pay on average $600 more per year in copays. And if you want to get an IUD, it could cost you up to $1,100 - it basically amounts to a woman tax. But dont fret: This brillian…
What is contraception? Birth control and contraception are terms used to refer to ways to prevent pregnancy. There are many ways to prevent pregnancy...
For men who still wish to father children, the contraceptive options currently available are withdrawal and the condom. Although significant progress has been made on hormonal and vaccine-related approaches ...
As medical science makes progress, pregnancy prevention is becoming simpler, more reliable and with less side effects. While no method of birth control is perfect, having control over our fertility has never been more accessible. More than 20 different options for contraceptive methods now exist. Different women explore different options for very different reasons.
I started my bc pill on the first day of my cycle which was April 5. My husband and I had sex today without backup contraceptives. Since I have only been on the pill for 12 days should I take the morni...
We rounded up the most popular natural birth control methods and had the experts weigh in on how effective these alternative forms of contraception really are.
Approximately 50% of pregnancies in the U.S. are unintended, despite the fact that 62% of women of reproductive age in the U.S. use contraceptives.
An increasing number of apps and websites are offering women a way to get birth control, including emergency contraception, without having to visit a doctor in person.
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2005.08.006.. *^ Chi, I. C.; Jones, D. B. (October 1994). "Incidence, risk factors, and prevention ... Benefits and advantages for use as contraception[edit]. High effectiveness[edit]. Most methods of female sterilization are ... "Frequently Asked Questions: Contraception: Postpartum Sterilization". American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. May ... In such cases, reversible methods of contraception are recommended.[5] Since most forms of tubal ligation require abdominal ...
Contraception[edit]. In certain cultures, deliberately inducing retrograde ejaculation by squeezing the urethra at the base or ...
Some barrier forms of contraception such as condoms, also reduce the risk of STIs and HIV infection. Access to contraception ... UNFPA (February 2016). Facing the Facts: Adolescent girls and contraception.. *. UN Women. The Facts: Violence against Women & ... Grant, Nicole J. (1992). The Selling of contraception : the Dalkon Shield case, sexuality, and women's autonomy. Columbus: Ohio ... Where access to contraception is limited, women turn to abortion. Consequently, abortion rates may be used to estimate unmet ...
For contraception[edit]. *Hormonal contraception. *Ormeloxifene. *Spermicide. For obstetrics and gynecology[edit]. NSAIDs, ...
Lack of contraception[edit]. Main article: Birth control. Adolescents may lack knowledge of, or access to, conventional methods ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.06.001. PMID 18692608.. *^ Sterling, Sandra P. (2009). "Contraceptive Use Among Adolescent ... Marnach ML, Long ME, Casey PM (2013). "Current Issues in Contraception". Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 88 (3): 295-299. doi:10.1016/ ... In other cases, contraception is used, but proves to be inadequate. Inexperienced adolescents may use condoms incorrectly, ...
"Contraception. 84 (5): 478-485. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2011.07.013. PMC 3338192. PMID 22018121.. ... Potter, J.E. (2010). "Unmet demand for highly effective postpartum contraception in Texas". Contraception. 88: 437. doi:10.1016 ... Texas on their preferred method of contraception six months after delivery and compared it with their current contraception use ... Contraception and Screening[edit]. In 2007, the Health and Human Services Commission of Texas established the Women's Health ...
Contraception[edit]. The Roman Catholic Church maintains its opposition to birth control. Some Roman Catholic Church members ... The Church requires members to eschew homosexual practices,[72] artificial contraception,[73] and sex out of wedlock, as well ... He writes that contraception "contradicts the will of the Author of life [God]. Hence to use this divine gift [sexual ... Therefore, since artificial contraception expressly prevents the creation of a new life (and, the Church would argue, removes ...
Potter, J.E. (2010). "Unmet demand for highly effective postpartum contraception in Texas". Contraception. 88: 437. doi:10.1016 ... Texas on their preferred method of contraception six months after delivery and compared it with their current contraception use ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2011.07.013. PMC 3338192.. *^ World Health Organization. International Statistical Classification ... Contraception and Screening[edit]. In 2007, the Health and Human Services Commission of Texas established the Women's Health ...
Contraception[edit]. Contraceptive implants are primarily used to prevent unintended pregnancy and treat conditions such as non ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2010.03.020. PMID 20933120.. *^ Rajalakshmi M (November 2005). "Male contraception: expanding ... Nieschlag E (2010). "Clinical trials in male hormonal contraception". Contraception. 82 (5): 457-70. ... Male contraception[edit]. Antiandrogens, such as cyproterone acetate, have been studied for potential use as male hormonal ... Chao JH, Page ST (July 2016). "The current state of male hormonal contraception". Pharmacol. Ther. 163: 109-17. doi:10.1016/j. ...
"Contraception. 77 (4): 303-7. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.01.003. PMC 2505347. PMID 18342656.. ... "Small-Molecule Inhibition of BRDT for Male Contraception". Cell. 150 (4): 673-684. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2012.06.045. PMC 3420011 ...
"Contraception. 80 (3): 282-286. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2009.03.010. PMC 3766037. PMID 19698822. The medical abortion ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2016.04.013. ISSN 0010-7824.. *^ "Highlights of Prescribing Information, Mifeprex" (PDF). U.S. Food ... "Contraception. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; Society of Family Planning. 89: 148-161. 2014.. ... "Contraception. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; Society of Family Planning. 89: 148-161. 2014.. ...
"Clinical trials in male hormonal contraception" (PDF). Contraception. 82 (5): 457-70. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2010.03.020 ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2010.04.016. PMID 20851224.. *^ Raynaud JP, Ojasoo T (1986). "The design and use of sex-steroid ... Donna Shoupe (7 November 2007). The Handbook of Contraception: A Guide for Practical Management. Springer Science & Business ... Ellen H. Moskowitz; Bruce Jennings (13 September 1996). Coerced Contraception?: Moral and Policy Challenges of Long Acting ...
... particularly hormonal contraception such as emergency contraception (ECPs), and copper IUDs which prevent the implantation of ... "Emergency 'Contraception' and Early Abortion". United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. August 1, 1998. Retrieved January ... See also: Abortion debate, Ethical aspects of abortion, and Emergency contraception. The anti-abortion movement includes a ... The Catholic Church endorses this view,[14] but the possibility that hormonal contraception has post-fertilization effects is ...
The form of contraception most comparable to prospective immunocontraceptive products for humans is hormonal contraception, ... While there was research into the use of hormonal contraception for wildlife control as early as the 1950s that produced ... Furthermore, the demand for contraception is greatest in parts of the developing world, where population growth is greatest, ... Liu, IKM; M Feldman; M Bernoco (1989). "Contraception in mares heteroimmunized with pig zonae pellucidae". J Reprod Fertil. 85 ...
Contraception. 70 (4): 289-92. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2004.04.012. PMID 15451332. Anderson, S. E.; Dallal, G. E.; Must, A ... On average, 85% of married couples using no contraception will have a pregnancy in one year. The rate drops to the 20% range ... After 1960, new methods of contraception became available, ideal family size fell, from 3 to 2 children. Couples postponed ... the index of contraception (Cc), the index of induced abortion (Ca) and the index of postpartum infecundability (Ci). These ...
"Contraception. 97 (1): 62-69. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2017.08.015.. *^ a b James Trussell; Anjana Lalla; Quan Doan; Eileen ... "Contraception. 79 (1): 5-14. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.08.003. PMC 3638200 . PMID 19041435.. ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.06.001. PMID 18692608.. *^ a b c Sharing Responsibility:Women, Society and Abortion Worldwide ... doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2006.11.009. PMID 17303484.. *^ "The High Cost of Unintended Pregnancy". The Brookings Institution. ...
Contraception. 39 (1): 95-102. doi:10.1016/0010-7824(89)90018-8. PMID 2535978.. ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2012.12.011. PMID 23375353.. *^ Falcone T, Hurd WW (2007). Clinical Reproductive Medicine and ... Shoupe D, Haseltine FP (6 December 2012). Contraception. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 2-. ISBN 978-1-4612-2730-4.. ...
79 (3): 194-8. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.09.009. PMID 19185672.. * Kost K, Landry D, Darroch J (Mar-Apr 1998). " ... "Childstats.gov - America's Young Adults: Special Issue, 2014 - Contraception". childstats.gov. Archived from the original on ... March 2009). "Unintended pregnancy and associated maternal preconception, prenatal and postpartum behaviors". Contraception. ...
Contraception. 52: 77-83. 1995. doi:10.1016/s0010-7824(95)00140-9. Aslanbeigui, Nahid; Summerfield, Gale (2001). "Risk, gender ...
Contraception. 76 (6): 432-8. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2007.08.006. PMID 18061700.. ... clinical applications for contraception and HRT". Steroids. 68 (10-13): 907-13. doi:10.1016/S0039-128X(03)00140-5. PMID ... a b c http://www.popcouncil.org/research/nestorone-testosterone-transdermal-gel-for-male-contraception ... "A new combination of testosterone and nestorone transdermal gels for male hormonal contraception". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab ...
doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2010.05.003. PMID 21074020.. *^ a b Köhler TS, Fazili AA, Brannigan RE (August 2009). "Putative ... Another method of contraception must be relied upon until a sperm count is performed either two months after the vasectomy or ... "Male Contraception Update for the public - August 2008, 3(8)". Imccoalition.org. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. ... Moss, WM (December 1992). "A comparison of open-end versus closed-end vasectomies: a report on 6220 cases". Contraception. 46 ( ...
Contraception. 87 (6): 706-727. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2012.12.011. ISSN 0010-7824. PMID 23375353.. ...
Speroff, Leon; Darney, Philip D. (2005). "Oral Contraception". A Clinical Guide for Contraception (4th ed.). Philadelphia: ... Glasier, Anna (2006). "Contraception". In DeGroot, Leslie J.; Jameson, J. Larry. Endocrinology (5th ed.). Philadelphia: ...
Emergency Contraception. Emergency contraception is NOT a regular method of birth control. Emergency contraception can be used ... Contraceptionplus icon * CDC Contraceptive Guidance for Health Care Providersplus icon *Medical Eligibility Criteria ... Emergency Contraception (emergency birth control) fact sheetexternal icon (womenshealth.gov). Anticoncepción de emergencia ... In choosing a method of contraception, dual protection from the simultaneous risk for HIV and other STDs also should be ...
Information regarding adolescent contraception including information for providers and their practice, as well as information ... LARC is covered briefly in two AAP policy statements: Contraception for Adolescents and Contraception for HIV Infected ... Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) has been a hot topic of discussion in recent years. ... Sexuality, Contraception, and the Media- Policy Statement from the Council on Communications and Media ...
Find out what implantable contraception is, how well it works, and more. ... Implantable contraception is a very effective method of birth control. Over the course of 1 year, fewer than 1 out of 100 ... Implantable contraception is only available from a doctor or other medical professional who has been trained in how to insert ... Implantable contraception does not protect against STDs. Couples having sex must always use condoms along with implantable ...
What Is Emergency Contraception?. Emergency contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Often called the ... Who Uses Emergency Contraception?. Emergency contraception is not recommended as a regular birth control method. It is designed ... Emergency contraception is the only type of contraception method that is used after unprotected sex. ... Because emergency contraception does not prevent all pregnancies, its important for a young woman to see her doctor if she ...
Choice and timing of contraception may affect breastmilk production and infant growth and development. How can clinicians help ... Breastfeeding women may choose to use a progestin-only method of contraception before 6 weeks postpartum if they are at risk ... Table 1. ACOG and WHO Recommendations for Hormonal Contraception Used by Breastfeeding Women ACOG. WHO. ... Breastfeeding women should be advised to avoid combined hormonal contraception for at least the first 6 months postpartum.. ...
The practice of contraception is as old as human existence. For centuries, humans have relied on their imagination to avoid ... Contraception Report. History and future of contraception: developments over time. Contracept Rep. 2000. 10(6):15-23. ... Vidal F, Paret L, Linet T, Tanguy le Gac Y, Guerby P. [Intrauterine contraception: CNGOF Contraception Guidelines]. Gynecol ... What is contraception?. Updated: Oct 16, 2019 * Author: Frances E Casey, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, MD, FACOG ...
35,000 People Demand Government Action to Prevent Contraception Crisis in the UK ... Repro Wrap: Still Valiantly Fighting the War on Contraception and Other News ...
Contraception Report. History and future of contraception: developments over time. Contracept Rep. 2000. 10(6):15-23. ... Vidal F, Paret L, Linet T, Tanguy le Gac Y, Guerby P. [Intrauterine contraception: CNGOF Contraception Guidelines]. Gynecol ... What is barrier contraception?. Updated: Oct 16, 2019 * Author: Frances E Casey, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Richard Scott Lucidi, ... Injectable hormone contraception and bone density: results from a prospective study. Epidemiology. 2002 Sep. 13(5):581-7. [ ...
Thinking spatially about contraception? * 1. Thinking spatially about contraception? Using GIS as a tool to evaluate and ... 5074.0 US Policies to Expand Reproductive Health Percent of Female Clients Dispensed Emergency Contraception (EC) ...
The world of male contraception has been limited to condoms and vasectomies. But researchers now point to a new method that ... Male Contraception Gets a Boost. The world of male contraception has been limited to condoms and vasectomies. But researchers ... Nonetheless, the success in monkeys does indicate a new possibility for male contraception. ...
... machine offerings at a Pennsylvania university are expanding beyond the world of junk food and into the world of contraception. ... Plan B is an emergency contraception that can be used to prevent pregnancy if taken within 72 hours after unprotected sex, ... While Smith, who is a physician at Wesleyan University, has not heard of any other campus selling emergency contraception out ... Shippensburg University in Pennsylvania offers vending machine contraception. *Plan B One-Step offered in vending machine at ...
There is a growing need for data on contraceptive efficacy in obese women. This article details the current state of knowledge in this regard.
... or contraception, is designed to prevent pregnancy. Read about the different options, and their risks and benefits. ... Emergency Contraception (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish * Emergency Contraception Website (Princeton ... Contraception and Birth Control: Other FAQs (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development) Also in Spanish ... About Implantable Contraception (Nemours Foundation) * Birth Control: How to Use Your Diaphragm (American Academy of Family ...
Current: Emergency Contraception Emergency Contraception. Emergency contraception is birth control you can use to prevent ... There are two types of emergency contraception: morning-after pills, and the copper IUD. ...
Emergency contraception is a birth control method to prevent pregnancy in women. It can be used: ... Morning-after pill; Postcoital contraception; Birth control - emergency; Plan B; Family planning - emergency contraception ... Emergency contraception is a birth control method to prevent pregnancy in women. It can be used:. *After a sexual assault or ... Emergency contraception should not be used as a routine birth control method. It does not work as well as most types of birth ...
... and about half of these are conceived while using some form of contraception.[1] Contraceptive counseling is made even more ... although limited data are available on the effects of obesity on the efficacy of contraception. Conflicting data exist ...
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is the "fast-growing" form of birth control in the United States, according to a ... abortion Abortion Access Affordable Care Act Afghanistan Birth Control California congress Contraception coronavirus COVID-19 ... Ovaprene, a new form of birth control, is being tested and would be the first barrier form of contraception to be released to ... Women Are Saving Hundreds of Dollars on Contraception Following the ACAs Implementation. by Feminist Newswire on Jul 10, 2015 ...
2004)‎. Contraception in adolescence. Geneva : World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/42901 ...
Initiation of Regular Contraception After ECPs. UPA. *Advise the woman to start or resume hormonal contraception no sooner than ... Data on when a woman can start regular contraception after ECPs are limited to pharmacodynamic data and expert opinion (295-297 ... Emergency contraception consists of methods that can be used by women after sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy. Emergency ... If a woman is planning to initiate contraception after the next menstrual bleeding after ECP use, the cycle in which ECPs are ...
Need for back-up contraception: No additional contraceptive protection is needed.. Postabortion (Spontaneous or Induced). * ... Need for back-up contraception: No additional contraceptive protection is needed.. Comments and Evidence Summary. In situations ... Need for back-up contraception: No additional contraceptive protection is needed.. Switching from Another Contraceptive Method ... Need for back-up contraception: No additional contraceptive protection is needed.. Postpartum (Including After Cesarean ...
Here the companys CEO Keech Combe Shetty explains why the company is giving away $1 million in emergency contraception pills. ... Emergency contraception-a market projected to grow to $1.25 billion in size by 2024-felt like a necessary next step for a ... Emergency contraception-a market projected to grow to $1.25 billion in size by 2024-felt like a necessary next step for a ... For Combe Shetty, the companys mission as they enter the emergency contraception market is much the same as when her ...
Common types of contraception. *Oral contraception-combined pill: available by prescription only, prevents 99% of pregnancies, ... Contraception. A heterosexual woman in Western countries spends 90% of her reproductive years trying to prevent pregnancy and ... Most of the contraception methods listed above are available at Health Services on campus. In order to get a prescription you ... Emergency Contraception: available by prescription only, provides almost 80% reduction in risk of pregnancy for a single act of ...
17 denying EWTN Global Catholic Network protection from the government mandate that it must provide coverage of contraception, ... "As an organization that was founded to uphold the teachings of the Catholic Church, we do not believe that contraception, ... Human Services and other federal agencies seeking to stop the government from imposing the HHS contraception mandate and ... 17 denying EWTN Global Catholic Network protection from the government mandate that it must provide coverage of contraception, ...
Emergency contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex; for example, if a condom breaks or slips off ... Does Emergency Contraception Help Prevent STDs?. No. Emergency contraception does not protect against STDs. Couples having sex ... What Is Emergency Contraception?. Emergency contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Often called the ... How Does Emergency Contraception Work?. Emergency contraceptive pills work by delaying ovulation (the release of an egg during ...
Roman Catholics say employers should be required to provide employees with healthcare including contraception, a survey ... However, women were significantly more likely to favor free contraception through employee healthcare plans at 62 percent ... Roman Catholics say employers should be required to provide employees with healthcare including contraception, a survey ... 61 percent of religiously unaffiliated Americans said employers should be required to cover contraception compared to 50 ...
  • Irondale, AL, June 17, 2014 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- U.S. District Court Judge Callie V.S. Granade of Mobile, Ala. issued an opinion on June 17 denying EWTN Global Catholic Network protection from the government mandate that it must provide coverage of contraception, abortion-inducing drugs and sterilization as part of its employee health care coverage. (cnbc.com)
  • As an organization that was founded to uphold the teachings of the Catholic Church, we do not believe that contraception, abortion-inducing drugs and voluntary sterilization should be defined as health care. (cnbc.com)
  • Bob Marshall is: more Republican-authored legislation that would restrict abortion and, for some, contraception coverage through employers' health insurance plans. (washingtonexaminer.com)
  • The Methodist Conference Statement of 1976 states that the human fetus has an inviolable right to life and that abortion should never be seen as an alternative to contraception. (methodist.org.uk)
  • 6 Research analyzing abortion trends from 2000, when only 2 percent of women reported ever using emergency contraception, 7 supports estimates that 51,000 abortions were prevented by emergency contraception use that year, suggesting that increased use of emergency contraception as a back-up method may have accounted for up to 43 percent of the total decline in abortion rates between 1994 and 2000. (aafp.org)
  • The same year, the Lutheran Church in America fully embraced contraception and abortion as responsible choices. (wikipedia.org)
  • And in 1977, the United Church of Christ celebrated the terms "freedom," "sensuousness," and "androgyny," and declared free access to contraception and abortion as matters of justice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977 is an Act of Parliament in New Zealand. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was passed shortly after the report from the Royal Commission on Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Royal Commission on Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion was carried out in New Zealand from 1975 to 1977, shortly after the 1975 general election. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shortly after the release of the report the Government passed the Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977. (wikipedia.org)
  • New Zealand Royal Commission on Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion (1977). (wikipedia.org)
  • Contraception, sterilisation and abortion in New Zealand : report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1977). Critique of the report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion in New Zealand. (wikipedia.org)
  • The research citing the NSFG is concentrated more on topics related to family planning, contraception, abortion, and fertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • The index of marriage (Cm), the index of contraception (Cc), the index of induced abortion (Ca) and the index of postpartum infecundability (Ci). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, access to contraception and abortion, new economic and educational opportunities, and changing ideas about motherhood have led to new reproductive experiences for women in the United States, particularly for women who choose to be childless. (wikipedia.org)
  • If women know how to recognize their fertility cycles , they stand a much better chance of knowing whether the broken condom/contraception-less act will actually result in conception, or whether the time is just not right for that. (everything2.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued a comprehensive report on fertility, contraception, and fatherhood indicators among men 15-44 years of age in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Evidence from this analysis suggests that the reduction in fertility associated with raising income thresholds for eligibility was accomplished via greater use of contraception. (brookings.edu)
  • Natural family planning is one of the most widely used methods of fertility regulation, particularly for those whose religious or cultural beliefs do not permit devices or drugs for contraception. (medscape.com)
  • Abraham Albert "Al" Yuzpe (born 1936) is a Canadian obstetrician-gynecologist known for his work on human fertility and emergency contraception. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fertility and sterility, 1977 AA Yuzpe, HJ Thurlow, I Ramzy… Post coital contraception-A pilot study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Injectable hormone contraception and bone density: results from a prospective study. (medscape.com)
  • Implantable contraception (often called the birth control implant) is a small, flexible plastic tube containing hormones that doctors insert just under the skin of a girl's upper arm. (kidshealth.org)
  • One form of implantable contraception is currently available in the United States. (kidshealth.org)
  • Implantable contraception is a very effective method of birth control. (kidshealth.org)
  • These include whether a person has any health conditions or is taking any medicines or herbal supplements that might interfere with its use (for example, certain antibiotics or an herb like St. John's wort can affect how well implantable contraception works). (kidshealth.org)
  • Implantable contraception does not protect against STDs. (kidshealth.org)
  • Smoking cigarettes while using implantable contraception can increase a girl's risk of certain side effects. (kidshealth.org)
  • Not all women can - or should - use implantable contraception. (kidshealth.org)
  • Implantable contraception is only available from a doctor or other medical professional who has been trained in how to insert it. (kidshealth.org)
  • What Is Implantable Contraception? (kidshealth.org)
  • Implantable contraception (often called the birth control implant ) is a small, flexible plastic tube that doctors put under the skin of a girl's upper arm. (kidshealth.org)
  • How Does Implantable Contraception Work? (kidshealth.org)
  • For example, some antibiotics or herbs like St. John's wort can affect how well implantable contraception works. (kidshealth.org)
  • Does Implantable Contraception Help Prevent STDs? (kidshealth.org)
  • Are There Any Side Effects From Implantable Contraception? (kidshealth.org)
  • Implantable contraception increases the risk of blood clots. (kidshealth.org)
  • Don't smoke if you use implantable contraception or another form of hormonal birth control. (kidshealth.org)
  • Who Can Use Implantable Contraception? (kidshealth.org)
  • Politically, 73 percent of Democrats, 51 percent of political independents and 36 percent of Republicans agreed employer healthcare coverage should include contraception at no cost. (upi.com)
  • The decision to include contraception in this package should, in truth, be an easy one. (cnn.com)
  • Marshall, R-Prince William, and Sen. Richard H. Black, R-Loudoun, are the joint patrons of three bills that would exempt employers from a mandate to include contraception coverage under the federal Affordable Care Act, also known as "Obamacare. (washingtonexaminer.com)
  • Following several medical trials, the app became the first tech-based device to be certified for use as contraception in the EU, in February 2017 by the European inspection and certification organisation TÜV SÜD. (wikipedia.org)
  • NETA, also known as norethinyltestosterone acetate, as well as 17α-ethynyl-19-nortestosterone 17β-acetate or 17α-ethynylestra-4-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-acetate, is a progestin, or synthetic progestogen, of the 19-nortestosterone group, and a synthetic estrane steroid. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is barrier contraception? (medscape.com)
  • The woman needs to abstain from sexual intercourse or use barrier contraception for the next 7 days after starting or resuming regular contraception or until her next menses, whichever comes first. (cdc.gov)