Gastrointestinal Contents: The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Base Composition: The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Phospholipids: Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Genes, rRNA: Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.GlycogenOxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.TriglyceridesPhenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Hydroxyproline: A hydroxylated form of the imino acid proline. A deficiency in ASCORBIC ACID can result in impaired hydroxyproline formation.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Collagen: A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.Glutathione: A tripeptide with many roles in cells. It conjugates to drugs to make them more soluble for excretion, is a cofactor for some enzymes, is involved in protein disulfide bond rearrangement and reduces peroxides.Carbohydrates: The largest class of organic compounds, including STARCH; GLYCOGEN; CELLULOSE; POLYSACCHARIDES; and simple MONOSACCHARIDES. Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio of Cn(H2O)n.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Carbohydrate Metabolism: Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.PicratesElectrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Potassium: An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Ploidies: The degree of replication of the chromosome set in the karyotype.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Mice, Inbred C57BLCell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Zea mays: A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Glycosaminoglycans: Heteropolysaccharides which contain an N-acetylated hexosamine in a characteristic repeating disaccharide unit. The repeating structure of each disaccharide involves alternate 1,4- and 1,3-linkages consisting of either N-acetylglucosamine or N-acetylgalactosamine.Mitochondria: Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Pigments, Biological: Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Aerobiosis: Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Tissue Distribution: Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Lipid Peroxidation: Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Chlorophyll: Porphyrin derivatives containing magnesium that act to convert light energy in photosynthetic organisms.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Circular Dichroism: A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Phosphatidylcholines: Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.Malondialdehyde: The dialdehyde of malonic acid.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Lactic Acid: A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Solubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Phosphates: Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.RNA: A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Polyphenols: A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Fatty Acids, Unsaturated: FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Mitochondria, Muscle: Mitochondria of skeletal and smooth muscle. It does not include myocardial mitochondria for which MITOCHONDRIA, HEART is available.Membrane Lipids: Lipids, predominantly phospholipids, cholesterol and small amounts of glycolipids found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. These lipids may be arranged in bilayers in the membranes with integral proteins between the layers and peripheral proteins attached to the outside. Membrane lipids are required for active transport, several enzymatic activities and membrane formation.Chromatography, Thin Layer: Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Quinones: Hydrocarbon rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Fats: The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Flavonoids: A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Particle Size: Relating to the size of solids.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.PolyaminesDietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Uronic Acids: Acids derived from monosaccharides by the oxidation of the terminal (-CH2OH) group farthest removed from the carbonyl group to a (-COOH) group. (From Stedmans, 26th ed)
Table of Contents. _____, 1962. The New Testament in Current Study, Scribners. _____, 1963. Interpreting the Miracles, ... ISBN 1-56338-076-5 (table of contents from Amazon). _____, 1998. "Scripture," in John Booty et al., The Study of Anglicanism, ... 1978."The Conception/Birth of Jesus as a Christological Moment," Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 1(1), pp. 37-52. ... Christ and Christianity: Studies in the Formation of Christology, Trinity Press International. ...
The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. 1987 ... "Hayden White and the Tragedy of International History", Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies ... Robert Doran Figural Realism: Studies in the Mimesis Effect. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. 1999. " ... White studied history under William J. Bossenbrook alongside then-classmate Arthur Danto. During 1998, White directed a seminar ...
Studies on the abuse of reason. Free Press. New York. 1957. Mandelbaum, M. Societal Facts in Gardner 1959. Phillips, D.C. ... This is often referred to as "content holism" or "holism of the mental". This notion involves the philosophies of such figures ... James, S. The Content of Social Explanation. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 1984. Harrington, A. Reenchanted Science: ...
20, No 3, Studies in Honour of Sir Ralph Turner, Director of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 1937-57, London: SOAS ... The Old Javanese Rāmāyaṇa, an Exemplary Kakawin as to Form and Content. Amsterdam. Kane, P. V. 1971. History of Sanskrit ... 20, No 3, Studies in Honour of Sir Ralph Turner, Director of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 1937-57, London: SOAS ... 20, No 3, Studies in Honour of Sir Ralph Turner, Director of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 1937-57, London: SOAS ...
This is the most studied period of Chatelaine history. Under Anderson, Chatelaine began publishing controversial content about ... From 1957 to 1977, Chatelaine's editor was Doris Anderson, under whose tenure the magazine was a leader in Canadian coverage of ... After five years under male editor John Clare (editor 1952-1957), feminist Doris Anderson took over the position of editor in ...
... travelwest.info/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/west-of-england-rail-studies-report-april-2014.pdf. Missing or empty ,title= (help ... as well as the November 2015 joint transport study report produced by The West of England Local Enterprise Partnership. "Notes ... ISBN 0-7153-4246-0. Railway Magazine December 1957 p. 868 Mike Oakley (2003). Gloucestershire Railway Stations. Wimborne: ...
Linguistics was traditionally studied as a part of the humanities, including studies of history, art and literature. In the ... At the end of the experiment, when asked about the content of the unattended message, subjects cannot report it. The ability to ... Many aspects of language can be studied from each of these components and from their interaction.[citation needed] The study of ... The study of haptic (tactile), olfactory, and gustatory stimuli also fall into the domain of perception. Action is taken to ...
Institute of Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 978-1-877347-37-5. "Flags, Emblems, and Names Protection ... Act 1981 No 47 (as at 03 June 2017), Public Act Contents". www.legislation.govt.nz. Parliamentary Counsel Office. Retrieved 23 ... Harshan Kumarasingham (2010). Onward with Executive Power - Lessons from New Zealand 1947 - 1957. ...
... energy content of monetary unit) for different countries. The assessments of 'energy content' of monetary unit for the economic ... Econodynamics is an empirical science that studies emergences, motion and disappearance of value-a specific concept that is ... The mean value of 'energy content' of dollar of year 1996 in the last years of the last century (1960 - 2000) is 1.4 × 10 5 {\ ... The values of the 'energy content' of monetary unit change during the time, but an absolute measure of value appears to be some ...
"Princeton University Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies". "Newshole Allocation Policies in USA" (PDF). ... of its space for nonadvertising content. R. Dominick, Joseph. "Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in the Digital Age". ... From 1957 to 1975 a typical daily newspaper in the United States used around 45% ...
They were named by U.S. geologist Troy L. Pewe who was first to study and describe the knobs in December 1957. This article ... incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Ventifact Knobs" (content from the ...
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Levy Island" (content from ... "A single-crystal neutron diffraction study of heavy ice". Acta Crystallographica. 10: 70. doi:10.1107/S0365110X5700016X. ... in 1957. List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands "Levy Island". Geographic Names Information System. United States ...
"News agencies as content providers and purveyors of news: A mediahistoriographical study on the development and diversity of ... The American wire services: a study of their development as a social institution (1979) Stephens, M. A history of news (3rd ed ... The Deadline Every Minute: The Story of the United Press (1957) Paterson, Chris A., and Annabelle Sreberny, eds. International ...
It was studied on the ground during U.S. Navy Operation Deepfreeze, 1957-58, by Troy L. Pewe, who suggested the name in ... content from the Geographic Names Information System).. ...
Nelson's view prevailed at the time, but further study in the 1960s largely led to a confirmation of much of Pillemer's work. ... http://www.jimmunol.org/content/80/6/414.short PILLEMER L, BLUM L, LEPOW I, ROSS O, TODD E, WARDLAW A (1954). "The properdin ... In 1957, Robert Nelson challenged these findings, and claimed that Pillemer's results were due to laboratory errors. Pillemer's ... Louis Pillemer (1908 - August 31, 1957), was an American immunologist, an early investigator of the alternative complement ...
He studied at the Maxim Gorky Literature Institute in Moscow. He started writing in the late 1940s and graduated with a degree ... Contents: Three, Seven, Ace Justice Creature of a Day A Topsy-Turvy Spring: Stories, Moscow, Progress Publishers, 1978, 413p. ... Bread for a Dog, from 50 Writers: An Anthology of 20th Century Russian Short Stories, Academic Studies Press, 2011. Находка ( ... then removing the figure of Jesus Christ from the equation and studying the differences that result. The answer comes as a ...
Meares, A., A Way of Doctoring, Hill of Content, (Melbourne), 1985. The Medical Interview: A Study of Clinically Significant ... Meares, A. Shapes of Sanity: A Study in the Therapeutic Use of Modelling in the Waking and Hypnotic State. Springfield, IL: ... Meares, A., Cancer: Another way?, Hill of Content, (Melbourne), 1977. Meares, A., The Wealth Within: Self-Help Through a System ... Meares, A., The Door of Serenity: a Study in the Therapeutic use of Symbolic Painting, Faber & Faber, (London),1958. ...
He primarily studied spirogyra . He is a prominent phycologist of India The standard author abbreviation M.O.P.Iyengar is used ... 1990 http://www.springerlink.com/content/f8h0n15617713834/fulltext.pdf Commentary on Dr. M.O.P. Iyengar. ... History of the Center of Advanced Studies in Botany, From the official website of the University of Madras Website of the ... Iyengar, M. (1962). "Euglena studies from Madras". Archiv für Mikrobiologie. 42 (3): 322-332. doi:10.1007/BF00422049. Iyengar, ...
Broude developed a method of studying the energy spectrum of excitons in the host crystal by changing the isotopic content of ... In large organic molecules the energy of impurity excitons can be shifted gradually by changing the isotopic content of guest ... Interchanging the host and the guest allows studying energy spectrum of excitons from the top. The isotopic technique has been ... I. (1957). "The Absorption of Light by CdS Crystals". Soviet Physics Doklady. 2: 239. Rashba, E. I. (1957). "Theory of the ...
This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Noble Glacier" (content ... who made detailed studies of the regime of Flagstaff and Stenhouse Glaciers. ...
Brock's work on the study of peoples in Eastern Europe included detailed studies of the history and culture of the culture of ... But, unlike many of us, Peter was not content to specialize in the history of just one country. He received a second doctoral ... something he would continue with studies of examples of pacifism in the region. From Czech history he went on to studies in the ... Brock's studies on pacifism included a trilogy of books, Pacifism in the United States: From the Colonial Era to the First ...
His major works include A Study of Russkaya Pravda (1941), Old Russian Cities (1956, 2nd ed.), Medieval Moscow (1957), Russia ... Content of this page in part derives from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia article on the same subject.. ...
The stream was studied by Robert L. Nichols, geologist for Metcalf and Eddy, Engineers, Boston, MA, which made engineering ... This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Scheuren Stream" (content ... studies here under contract to the U.S. Navy in 1957-58 season. Named by Nichols for John J. Scheuren, Jr., chief of Metcalf ...
Van den Hamer CJ, Morell AG, Scheinberg IH (1967). "A study of the cooper content of beta-mercaptopyruvate trans-sulfurase". ... Fiedler H, Wood JL (1956). "Specificity studies on the beta-mercaptopyruvate-cyanide transsulfuration system". The Journal of ... confocal laser fluorescence and immunoelectron microscopic studies combined with biochemical analysis". Histochemistry and Cell ... Sorbo B (1957). "Enzymic transfer of sulfur from mercaptopyruvate to sulfate or sulfinates". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 24 ...
Mosquito Studies (Diptera, Culicidae) IX. The type specimens of New World mosquitoes in European museums. Contributions of the ... American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 6(4): 686-687; http://www.ajtmh.org/content/6/4/686.extract. Thomas V. ... 1957. Isolation of Ilhéus Virus from Sabethes chloropterus captured in Guatemala in 1956. ...
The study confirmed the tendency of obese individuals to overeat, but these findings applied only to snacks, not to meals. That ... Contents. *1 Eating practices among humans. *2 Development in humans *2.1 Eating positions ... Many laboratory studies showed that overweight individuals are more emotionally reactive and are more likely to overeat when ... The naturalistic study by Lowe and Fisher compared the emotional reactivity and emotional eating of normal and overweight ...
Hormone Studies Br Med J 1957; 2 :40 (Published 06 July 1957) ... Skip to main content We use cookies to improve our service and ... to tailor our content and advertising to you. More info Close You can manage your cookie settings via your browser at any time ...
Serologic studies, using lyophilized larvae as the source of antigen for a microflocculation test, demonstrated the presence of ... http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/14761645/6/3. BROWSE_VIEW_TOC ... Five weeks later, all animals were killed; serum was taken for serologic studies and larval counts were made to determine the ... Ectoparasite faunas of 270 Rattus norvegicus and 378 R. rattus were studied. These rodents were taken alive from untreated ...
Content links. *Collections. *Health in South Asia. *Womens, childrens & adolescents health. *Zika virus ... for the International Reflux Study in Children: European Branch. .Five year study of medical or surgical treatment in children ... Retrospective study of children with renal scarring associated with reflux and urinary infection BMJ 1994; 308 :1193 ... International Reflux Study Committee. .Medical versus surgical treatment of severe vesico-ureteric reflux.Pediatrics1980;67:392 ...
Table of Contents. _____, 1962. The New Testament in Current Study, Scribners. _____, 1963. Interpreting the Miracles, ... ISBN 1-56338-076-5 (table of contents from Amazon). _____, 1998. "Scripture," in John Booty et al., The Study of Anglicanism, ... 1978."The Conception/Birth of Jesus as a Christological Moment," Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 1(1), pp. 37-52. ... Christ and Christianity: Studies in the Formation of Christology, Trinity Press International. ...
ISBN 978-1-85065-180-2. Thomas Johnson Nossiter (1 January 1982). Communism in Kerala: A Study in Political Adaptation. ... tag; name "Nossiter1982" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). "Reorganisation of States, 1955" ( ... On 5 April 1957, E. M. S. Namboodiripad became the chief minister of Kerala and first non-Congress chief minister of the ... The Kerala Legislative Assembly election of 1957 was the first assembly election in the Indian state of Kerala. The Communist ...
Related Content Abstract. Summary In rabbits having no open passageway between the intestine and biliary passages through which ... Studies on Clonorchis Sinensis. I. Observation on the Route of Migration in the Definitive Host * Dale E. Wykoff1, Tibor J. ... Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Volume 6, Issue 6, 1 Nov 1957, p. 1061 - 1065 ...
Stripping of the dissolver prcduct to remove chloride ion was studied in a 4-in. diameter Pyrek bubblecap column containing 12 ... The purposes of this study were to investigate the the variables affecting the dissolution process and to obtain dissolver ... alloy in dilute aqua regia was studied with subsequent stripping of the dissolver product to remove chloride ion. The process ... Content Description: The continuous dissolution of 304 stainless steel and stainless steel - UO/sub 2/ alloy in dilute aqua ...
1 displays the top 10 rated items from the two studies. Ratings for all of the items used in the ASL and BOLD studies can be ... All subjects gave informed consent to participate in the study. The study was approved by a National Health Service research ... 2011) Pilot study of psilocybin treatment for anxiety in patients with advanced-stage cancer. Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:71-78. ... These studies offer the most detailed account to date on how the psychedelic state is produced in the brain. The results ...
It was previously administered by the College of Professional Studies.. Content Description. This series is divided into three ... Subseries contains self studies, reports, and responses from accreditation team visits as well as internal reviews, evaluations ... Detailed List of Contents. Sub-Series 1: Minutes, annual reports, and general files ... Accreditation and Self Evaluation Study for Educational Programs in Medical Laboratory Sciences ...
for the SURE Study Group*. *. 1Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, ... In two study sites, event rates were higher in the structured care group; in one, the result was due to a higher baseline ... In a pilot study, the 2-year incidence of ESRD was 30% in 80 type 2 diabetic patients with plasma creatinine levels of 150-350 ... World Health Organization: Diabetes Mellitus: Report of a WHO Study Group. Geneva, World Health Org., 1985 (Tech. Rep. Ser., no ...
... in the Caerphilly study were similar to those in the Speedwell study,6 and in previous epidemiological studies.1 Adding the ... Study Populations. The Caerphilly and Speedwell population-based studies began in 1979 and have been previously described.6,12 ... As in the Speedwell study,6 assays of CRP and D-dimer in the Caerphilly study were performed after storage for 12 to 15 years. ... The Caerphilly and Speedwell Studies. G.D.O. Lowe, P.M. Sweetnam, J.W.G. Yarnell, A. Rumley, C. Rumley, D. Bainton, Y. Ben- ...
Dynamics Studies of Longitudinal and Junctional SR Proteins in NIH 3T3 Cells.. The specific localization of SR proteins ... This article contains supporting information online at www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/0810243106/DCSupplemental. ... A study suggests an unusual mode of reproduction in swamp wallabies, which may be continuously pregnant throughout their ... A study finds that the dilution of nutrients in plants, alongside climate factors, drives insect herbivore decline. ...
... suggesting that differential regulation of membrane sterol content is a mechanism for increased resistance in older biofilms. ... These studies suggest that polysaccharides distinct from the well-studied alginate play important roles in P. aeruginosa ... Almost every study to date that has conducted a DNA microarray or proteomic analysis of a biofilm population had to take an ... Perhaps the best-studied model biofilm communities in terms of human health are oral biofilms (57, 83). Hundreds of species ...
Study Subjects. The investigation was part of the Scandinavian Lymphoma Etiology (SCALE) study, a large Danish-Swedish case- ... control study of risk factors for malignant lymphomas (28, 29). Briefly, the HL study base encompassed the entire Danish ... during the study period were eligible for inclusion into the study. The patients were identified through a rapid case ... Besides generally being characterized by a limited number of study subjects, previous studies may have been hampered by ...
Studies of members of the Urticaceae have suggested that their trichomes may contain histamine, acetylcholine, and... ... Genecological studies ofUrtica dioica L. III. Stinging hairs and plant-herbivore interactions.New Phytol. 97:507-522.Google ... Studies of members of the Urticaceae have suggested that their trichomes may contain histamine, acetylcholine, and serotonin. ... This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. ...
Study Subjects. The investigation was part of the Scandinavian Lymphoma Etiology (SCALE) study, a large Danish-Swedish case- ... control study of risk factors for malignant lymphomas (28, 29). Briefly, the HL study base encompassed the entire Danish ... during the study period were eligible for inclusion into the study. The patients were identified through a rapid case ... Besides generally being characterized by a limited number of study subjects, previous studies may have been hampered by ...
Studies of sphingomyelins and insulin in humans are limited to cross-sectional studies. Among metabolomics studies that ... All the authors revised the manuscript for important intellectual content and approved the final version of the manuscript. R.N ... The Strong Heart Study. A study of cardiovascular disease in American Indians: design and methods. Am J Epidemiol 1990;132:1141 ... In a smaller study, patients with insulin resistance and those with diabetes had lower SM-16 (39), whereas two studies that ...
Transistor and Diode Studies  Lipsky, A. H.; Hurtig, C. R.; Martindale, R. B.; Jackson, W. D.; Nelson, R. E. (Research ... Table of Contents  Zimmermann, Henry J.; Wiesner, Jerome B.; Harvey, George G. (Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) at ... Adolph, A. R.; Hughes, G. W. (Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 1957 ... Bitter, F.; Kohler, R. H. (Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 1957-04 ...
The results of several anti-knock studies are discussed in this paper. Road anti-knock performance for 1000 fuel blends ... covering the years 1940 to 1957 have been investigated. The laboratory Research octane numbers of these fuels covered the range ... The results of several anti-knock studies are discussed in this paper. Road anti-knock performance for 1000 fuel blends ... Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAEs content. Learn More » ...
Organic content and specific gravity of ovum and jelly. Measurements of AFDM for eight females gave values of 0.260±0.025 and ... While this study documents one consequence of the presence of a jelly coat, optimal coat size could be influenced by other ... Specifically, studies that reported benefits (e.g. Hagström, 1956b; Vacquier et al., 1979) were concerned with the short-term ( ... Some studies have similarly reported a `cost to jelly removal (Lillie, 1915; Tyler, 1941; Rothschild and Swann, 1951; ...
Quantitative Studies of the Properdin-Complement System Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from The ... Quantitative Studies of the Properdin-Complement System. III. Kinetics of the Reaction Between C′3 and the Properdin-Zymosan ...
Our comparative SEM study has revealed that the surfaces of both P. roridulae bugs and C. vicina flies are covered with cuticle ... Both insect species studied have an integument that bears large setae (Fig. 6A,D) and a layer of much smaller, procumbent ... In a comparative study of fresh cuticle fractures of flies representing a typical prey of R. gorgonias, a thin, fragmentary ... Wolfe, L. S. (1954). Studies of the development of the imaginal cuticle of Calliphora erythrocephala. J. Cell Sci. 95,67 -78. ...
The present study may help to explain the discrepancy between these studies and the study of Goodfield et al.24 The ... On the first and last study days, blood was also obtained for hemoglobin A1C and lipids. At the end of the first study day, ... Prior studies indicated that ACE inhibition decreases plasma PAI-1 antigen12,17⇓ but provided conflicting evidence as to the ... Differences in study populations, in the timing of sample collection relative to diurnal variation in PAI-1,12 and in the ...
19 month-old at the onset of study) C57B6/J mice. n-3 PUFA supplemented mice showed better mnesic performances as well as ... 19 month-old at the onset of study) C57B6/J mice. n-3 PUFA supplemented mice showed better mnesic performances as well as ... Human and experimental studies have revealed putative neuroprotective and pro-cognitive effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated ... Human and experimental studies have revealed putative neuroprotective and pro-cognitive effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated ...
14a), and (ii) with the increasing Sr content - the highest values are found for samples with the lowest Sr content (Fig. 14b ... the Mn-O-Mn bond distances are independent of the Sr content but Mn-O-Mn bond angles increase with the increasing Sr content. ... Recently, Thiel et al.18 studied the system CaMn1−xWxO3 (x ≤ 0.05), employing a chemical route similar to that used by Bocher ... TEM studies gave a better insight into the nature of the sub-grain features observed in SEM. Fig. 4 illustrates a HRTEM image ...
  • Usually these contents are thought of as some kind of proposition-an abstract object that is the kind of thing that can be true or false (see the entry on structured propositions ). (stanford.edu)
  • Methods and Results- Men aged 49 to 66 years from the general populations of Caerphilly and Speedwell were studied between 1982 and 1988 and re-examined for new IHD events at fixed intervals of ≈105 months (Caerphilly) and 75 months (Speedwell). (ahajournals.org)
  • Methods: We collected information on tobacco-smoking habits in 586 classic HL cases and 3,187 population controls in a Danish-Swedish case-control study. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In the present study, we employ two complementary neuroimaging methods to quantify the structural and functional connectivity of vmPFC in psychopathic and non-psychopathic prison inmates. (jneurosci.org)
  • Methods: Seasonal patterns were tested in two samples of community participants recruited in separate prospective studies in the Midwestern (n = 556 males/females) and Pacific Northwestern (n = 206 males) United States. (oregonstate.edu)
  • This means, for example, that the manifest differences between cell lineages which appear in the course of development cannot be studied by these methods, and to particularize, many of the genetical aspects of malignant growth cannot be analyzed. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Methods- The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Stroke Study prospectively identified stroke patients admitted to 9 VA hospitals between April 1995 and March 1997. (ahajournals.org)
  • Methods: This study reviews statements made since 1954 by the tobacco companies individually and collectively through the Tobacco Institute and Tobacco Industry Research Committee/Council for Tobacco Research on the subject of smoking as a cause disease, and the industry's pledge to support and disclose the results of impartial research on smoking and health. (bmj.com)
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS The study group comprised 183 patients (67 men and 116 women) with definite RA participating in an ongoing prospective study. (bmj.com)
  • Methods We systematically reviewed PubMed for all studies of eight or more patients with functional motor symptoms reporting follow-up data longer than 6 months (excluding studies reporting specific treatments). (bmj.com)
  • definitive evaluative study (using quantitative evaluative methods, predominantly randomised designs). (bmj.com)
  • We established a mouse model to study postinfluenza pneumococcal pneumonia and evaluated the role of IL-10 in host defense against Streptococcus pneumoniae after recovery from influenza infection. (jimmunol.org)
  • Corresponding vaccination policies are based on this perception, and in fact, several studies have shown considerable decreases in influenza mortality in vaccinated subjects 1 , particularly in high-risk patients 4 . (ersjournals.com)
  • Destrehan Street facility during the period from 1949 through 1957. (cdc.gov)
  • These documents, which are identified by title, consist of dust studies conducted at various Mallinckrodt plants from 1948 to 1953, an annual report from the New York Operations Office (NYOO) Health and Safety Division, and a cumulative exposure estimate of MCW personnel employed between 1942 to 1949. (cdc.gov)
  • Danish Ethiopian Mission in March 1949 and American Lutheran Mission came 1957. (lausanne.org)
  • The excess mortality rates during the pandemics of 1918-1919 and 1957-1958 can mainly be attributed to secondary bacterial complications ( 3 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Statements appeared in the public press that the fund in 1957 was heading for its first deficit, with prospects that it would go deeper 'into the red' during 1958 and 1959. (ssa.gov)
  • The study period comprised 58 months starting on June 1, 2002 and ending April 30, 2007, thus including five autumn-winter seasons. (ersjournals.com)
  • C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of the reactant plasma protein component of the inflammatory response, has been associated with the risk of future ischemic heart disease (IHD) in several prospective studies. (ahajournals.org)
  • The SHFS is a family-based cohort study of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in several American Indian communities in Arizona, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Oklahoma. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • This study aimed to investigate the prospective association between depressive/anxiety symptoms and the extent of disease (EOD) of first cancer at diagnosis. (cambridge.org)
  • MRI in 31 patients with Behçet's disease and neurological involvement: prospective study with clinical correlation. (ajnr.org)
  • Cerebral venous thrombosis in Behçet's disease: clinical study and long-term follow-up of 25 cases. (ajnr.org)
  • The International Study Group for Behçet's Disease. (ajnr.org)
  • This study investigated if this was true also for patients with disease onset in the 1980s. (bmj.com)
  • Several studies from 1953 and onwards describe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a disease with increased mortality. (bmj.com)
  • 4 5 8 9 Only in the study by Reilly et al , were the patients followed up prospectively from the early stages of the disease. (bmj.com)
  • The purpose of the original study was to determine the laterality of the patient's symptoms in relation to the presence of organic disease. (bmj.com)
  • The study provides new insight into the disease mechanism and could aid the development of novel therapeutics aimed at providing neuroprotection by modulating mitochondrial dynamics to treat comorbid depression with diabetes. (biologists.org)
  • 2 In human studies, risk factors for vascular disease have been associated with impaired vasomotor function, and individuals with abnormal vasodilator function have increased cardiovascular event rates. (ahajournals.org)
  • Design, setting, participants, & measurements Within the Chronic Kidney Disease Japan Cohort study, 2977 patients enrolled (62% men, aged 60.8±11.6 years) and ABPM was conducted in a subgroup of patients from September 2007 to April 2010. (asnjournals.org)
  • The Chronic Kidney Disease Japan Cohort (CKD-JAC) observational study was started in 2007 to investigate CKD among Japanese adults and 2977 participants were enrolled ( 21 , 22 ). (asnjournals.org)
  • Discoveries made during his work in Canada led him to return to the United Kingdom to pursue the study of inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. (autismone.org)
  • From approximately 150 children, averaging 6 months of age at the beginning of the study, specimens were collected once a month from January 1954 through December 1955, as part of a larger study of the natural transmission of polioviruses. (ajtmh.org)
  • After the reorganization, the assembly constituencies increased from 106 with 117 seats in 1954 to 114 with 126 seats in 1957. (wikipedia.org)
  • E. M. S. Namboodiripad Ministry Term 1 1957 elections in India Travancore-Cochin Legislative Assembly election, 1954 James Manor (1994). (wikipedia.org)
  • These include the following points (1) The study of non-chromosomal inheritance is laborious, though of course not impossible, as has been demonstrated by the remarkable studies of Michaelis (1954). (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • He also translated such works as Bonhoeffer's The Cost of Discipleship (1948) and Letters and Papers from Prison (1953), Jeremias's Unknown Sayings of Jesus (1957), Bultmann's Kerygma and Myth, 2 v. (1953 & 1962) and Primitive Christianity (1956), Schweitzer's Reverence for Life (with Ilse Fuller) (1969), and Bornkamm's The New Testament: A Guide to Its Writings (1973). (wikipedia.org)
  • This report summarizes the findings of a cognitive interview study to test questions on alcohol consumption for use in the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the National health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). (cdc.gov)
  • He provided us with examples of how studying pure cultures of organisms in the laboratory can mislead us and fail to explain observations of their behavior in the context of environmental communities. (asm.org)
  • We sought to evaluate the correlates of digital pulse amplitude responses as a measure of peripheral vascular function in the large, community-based Framingham Heart Study. (ahajournals.org)
  • It dates back to the Framingham Heart Study ( 1 - 3 ) for the BP to be named as the risk factor, and as the study continues to the third generations of the participants, BP was controlled at ever lower levels ( 4 ). (asnjournals.org)
  • The PFG technique, initially introduced by Stejskal and Tanner, 5 allows determination of D . This technique, which does not require dyes or foreign materials to be introduced into the studied system, has been successfully implemented in vitro as well as in vivo to measure D noninvasively in different organs, such as heart, 6 muscle, 7 liver, 8 and brain. (ahajournals.org)
  • Two new glucan synthesis inhibitors, the echinocandin LY303366 and the pneumocandin MK-0991 (formerly L-743,872), were studied for their antifungal activities in vitro in relation to each other and in relation to the activity of the triazole fluconazole. (asm.org)
  • In short, because the human mind is naturally riddled with problems, the creation of critical societies depends upon people within the societies taking thinking seriously, studying its problems, its tricks and stratagems, its weaknesses and strengths, its native tendencies, its rational capacities. (criticalthinking.org)
  • Short duration of symptoms, early diagnosis and high satisfaction with care predicted positive outcome in two studies. (bmj.com)
  • Cultivation-based studies usually fail to uncover the full extent of microbial diversity. (asm.org)
  • In addition to studies revealing the extent of the RegB/RegA regulon, there has been a substantial amount of biochemical research on mechanistic functions of these regulators. (asm.org)
  • 2001. Pulmonary function of workers exposed to ammonia: A study in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. (cdc.gov)
  • The large volume of claims received from newly insured workers early in 1957 led to inquiries from the public as to whether more beneficiaries were being added to the rolls than had been expected. (ssa.gov)
  • The non-mining studies in the review represent groups of workers with a similar or lesser kneeling content in their work. (bmj.com)
  • Anyone wishing to conduct biofilm research or to compare their results with those of other laboratories faces the distinct problem of the limited number of standardized systems or protocols for studying biofilms. (asm.org)
  • Autopsy studies demonstrated four Leptospira icterohemorrhagiae infections among 1,121 rodents trapped from different localities in the Nile Delta of Egypt. (ajtmh.org)
  • DNA from 2,975 cases and 1,896 age-matched controls from the population-based Prostate Cancer in Sweden study were genotyped using TaqMan assays. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The present study shows that the organic selenium compound methylseleninic acid (MSA, 2.5 μmol/L) can potentiate growth inhibition of 4-hydroxytamoxifen (10 −7 mol/L) in tamoxifen-sensitive MCF-7 and T47D breast cancer cell lines. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The purpose of the present study was to determine whether a modified version of the Charlson Index on the basis of hospital discharge ICD-9-CM codes reflected short-term functional status and 1-year mortality in a cohort of patients with acute ischemic stroke independent of stroke severity. (ahajournals.org)
  • The patients were participating in a prospective study of course and outcome of RA at the Lund University Hospital in southern Sweden. (bmj.com)
  • Athough the Steno-2 study reported that multifaceted care by a multidisciplinary team reduced all-cause mortality and cardiovascular complications in type 2 diabetes ( 1 , 2 ), these results need to be confirmed in a multicenter setting. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Similar results were obtained in analyses using non-HL patients ( n = 3,055) participating in the founding study as comparison group. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The association between tobacco smoking and risk of HL has been studied in several investigations with ambiguous results. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The results of several anti-knock studies are discussed in this paper. (sae.org)
  • In addition, solvatochromism studies were also carried out and the results were interpreted using the Lippert-Mataga equation. (rsc.org)
  • Results 24 studies were included. (bmj.com)
  • Results: Initial electrolyte studies revealed hypokalaemia in these patients, and later thyroid function tests confirmed thyrotoxicosis for all. (bmj.com)
  • We report the results of genome-wide association study (GWAS) to detect alleles associated with increased resistance to FER in a set of 818 tropical maize inbred lines evaluated in three environments. (g3journal.org)
  • The study of biofilm communities benefits from the efforts of investigators from many different disciplines, including environmental and clinical biologists, surface chemists, engineers, and mathematical modelers, who bring their unique questions, perspectives, and technologies to bear on this phenomenon. (asm.org)
  • Frater Hauck is a recognized leader in the emerging field of consciousness studies and has contributed to a number of related fields, including the history of science, mathematical logic, psychology, and the scientific study of mystical experiences. (rosicrucian.org)
  • Several studies have developed mathematical models for predicting the outcomes of acute ischemic stroke patients. (ahajournals.org)
  • A placebo is commonly defined as a sham pharmaceutical, routinely employed in clinical studies to verify the effectiveness of a drug or a treatment, and is lacking any defined active component. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • For both the phantom and clinical studies, the dosage to each protector set was manually measured, the TLDs were annealed to remove any residual dose, and the TLDs were then reused. (ajnr.org)
  • In prior clinical studies, impairment of pulse amplitude hyperemic response was associated with the presence of coronary artery endothelial dysfunction. (ahajournals.org)
  • Clinical studies of DON in the 1950s using low daily doses suggested antitumor activity, but later phase I and II trials of DON given intermittently at high doses were hampered by dose-limiting nausea and vomiting. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The severity and chronicity of functional motor symptoms argues for larger prospective studies including multiple prognostic factors at baseline in order to better understand their natural history. (bmj.com)
  • The continuous dissolution of 304 stainless steel and stainless steel - UO/sub 2/ alloy in dilute aqua regia was studied with subsequent stripping of the dissolver product to remove chloride ion. (unt.edu)
  • Subsequent studies induced pressure rises with phenylephrine, 12 pressure falls with nitroprusside, 13 and pressure falls and rises with sequential nitroprusside and phenylephrine. (ahajournals.org)
  • This study reveals the major cellular processes affected in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae Δ asc1 deletion background via de novo proteome and transcriptome analysis, as well as subsequent phenotypical characterizations. (mcponline.org)
  • The Election Commission of India conducted elections to the newly created state between 28 February - 11 March 1957. (wikipedia.org)
  • Systematic literature searches were made for studies relating to kneeling and squatting as part of the working environment of coal mines and the role of these postures in causation of knee disorders in coal miners, analogous occupations, populations, and communities. (bmj.com)
  • Few of the studies found focussed specifically on miners, and those that did tended to involve small numbers of subjects and were carried out before 1960, when the mining population was at its largest but epidemiological evidence of the risk factors for knee disorders was not well established. (bmj.com)
  • Road anti-knock performance for 1000 fuel blends covering the years 1940 to 1957 have been investigated. (sae.org)
  • For reasons such as these I decided about 10 years ago to attempt the study of inheritance by transferring nuclei from cell to cell. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Vandenbroucke et al instead reported the shortened life expectancy, which in their study was seven years for men and three years for women. (bmj.com)
  • In this study we followed up a cohort of patients who had been diagnosed as having functional weakness or sensory symptoms, or both, after inpatient assessment by a consultant neurologist a median of 12 years previously. (bmj.com)
  • Studies of each of these problems suggest independent effects of both pre- and postnatal exposure for each, with the respiratory risk associated with parental smoking seeming to be greatest during fetal development and the first several years of life. (aappublications.org)
  • Mean weighted follow-up duration was 7.4 years (in 13 studies where data was extractable). (bmj.com)
  • The broadly active glutamine antagonist 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine (DON) has been studied for 60 years as a potential anticancer therapeutic. (aacrjournals.org)
  • For almost a 100 years, since Hiltner's pioneer work ( Hiltner, 1904 ), the composition and role of the plant microbiome has been studied. (frontiersin.org)
  • The present study sought to address this question using complementary functional MRI (fMRI) techniques and a protocol designed to image the transition from normal waking consciousness to the psychedelic state. (pnas.org)
  • The present study compares the time course of effects of ACE inhibition and angiotensin type 1 (AT 1 ) receptor antagonism on morning plasma PAI-1 antigen. (ahajournals.org)
  • The present study indicates that a residence time range of 13-20 s at a solution temperature of 90 degrees C and deposition time of 3 min yields similar to 40 nm thick CdS film. (oregonstate.edu)
  • The purpose of the present study was to determine whether outcomes of ischemic stroke patients varied on the basis of the Charlson Index. (ahajournals.org)
  • In the present study we investigate the mechanisms of desensitization of the capsaicin-activated current. (jneurosci.org)
  • In the present study, we have elucidated the functional characteristics and mechanism of action of methaqualone (2-methyl-3-o-tolyl-4(3 H )-quinazolinone, Quaalude), an infamous sedative-hypnotic and recreational drug from the 1960s-1970s. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Background and Purpose- The Charlson Index is commonly used in outcome studies to adjust for patient comorbid conditions, but has not been specifically validated for use in studies of ischemic stroke. (ahajournals.org)
  • The Charlson Index has been used subsequently to account for the impact of comorbid conditions on studies of conditions such as ischemic stroke. (ahajournals.org)
  • Prognostic factors that varied between studies included age, comorbid anxiety and depression, IQ, educational status, marital status and pending litigation. (bmj.com)
  • Immunohistological studies showed markedly increased TUNEL-positive cells in the frontal cortex and hippocampus of the comorbid mice, indicating apoptosis. (biologists.org)
  • Biochemical studies have indicated that glucose and its analogue, 2-deoxyglucose (2DG), are internalized via the PTS in some L. bulgaricus strains ( 14 ). (asm.org)
  • Genome-wide genetic, biochemical, and interaction studies have defined ASC1 /Asc1p as a potential interaction partner for a multitude of various genes/proteins ( 4 ⇓ ⇓ - 7 ). (mcponline.org)
  • In this study, we performed quantitative proteomic profiling of primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with established R conorii infection versus those stimulated with endotoxin (LPS) alone. (mcponline.org)
  • A quantitative approach could not study in-depth perceptions of the prevailing publication culture. (bmj.com)
  • The study comprises a large number of patients treated by a physician manned prehospital mobile emergency care. (bmj.com)
  • This is the first empirical study that investigates in a more structural context Dutch biomedical scientists' personal views on and convictions about contemporary publication culture. (bmj.com)
  • In a comparative study of fresh cuticle fractures of flies representing a typical prey of R. gorgonias , a thin, fragmentary layer of epicuticular grease was revealed. (biologists.org)
  • Albert C.Adams, then vice-president of the National Association of Life Underwriters, in a speech in 1957 (1) stated that 'The social security trust fund has a shortage of $300 billion and it is increasing year after year. (ssa.gov)
  • The behavioral effects of 8 week n-3 PUFA supplementation were measured on cognitive (discriminative, spatial and social) and emotional (anxiety and coping) abilities of aged (19 month-old at the onset of study) C57B6/J mice. (frontiersin.org)
  • All studies using human tissues were approved by the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Institutional Review Board. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Since the early characterization of the desensitization of acetylcholine responses at the frog neuromuscular junction by Katz and Thesleff (1957) , receptors in a wide range of excitable tissues have demonstrated desensitization and provided model systems to investigate the possible mechanisms underlying this change in sensitivity to agonists. (jneurosci.org)
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the the variables affecting the dissolution process and to obtain dissolver scale-up data, and to investigate the removal of chloride from the dissolver product and the variables affecting the stripping operation. (unt.edu)
  • In this 2-year randomized, multicenter study, which commenced in 2003 and completed in 2007, 205 type 2 diabetic patients with renal insufficiency were recruited from nine public hospitals. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • 11 Studies indicate that activation of the RAAS by either salt depletion or diuretic use increases plasma PAI-1 antigen concentrations, 12-14 ⇓ ⇓ whereas ACE inhibition reduces PAI-1 antigen in salt-depleted normotensive subjects, 12 in postmenopausal women, 15 in patients with hypertension, 16 and in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). (ahajournals.org)
  • The principal clinical features of kuru in the studied patients showed the same progressive cerebellar syndrome that had been previously described. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Outcome studies that use large databases also need to consider other diseases that patients may have that could impact the analyses. (ahajournals.org)
  • Some of the studies were restricted to a certain patient group, for example, all patients had received thiotepa treatment 8 or half of the patients were lupus erythematosus cell positive. (bmj.com)
  • 6 Their patients were included between 1957-1963. (bmj.com)
  • The study sample was assembled from a previously reported cohort of patients with unilateral functional weakness and sensory symptoms diagnosed by consultant neurologists in Edinburgh. (bmj.com)
  • There was heterogeneity regarding study size (number of patients (n)=10 491), follow-up duration clinical setting and data availability. (bmj.com)
  • The mean percentage of patients same or worse at follow-up for all studies was 39%, range 10% to 90%, n=1134. (bmj.com)
  • The study was approved by the ethical review board and all patients included gave informed consent. (ersjournals.com)
  • In this prospective study, all demographic, clinical and diagnostic data of the patients were recorded using standardised web-based data sheets created by 2mt® (Ulm, Germany). (ersjournals.com)
  • The patient study included 30 patients randomized into one of three groups with eye protection provided by 1T, 2T, or 3T of the bismuth-coated latex. (ajnr.org)
  • Forty five per cent of diabetic patients had a degree of corneal hypoaesthesia when examined in a study of 130 patients published by Osman et al . (bmj.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of BP in CKD patients using registration data and to evaluate the background factors that influence ABPM data. (asnjournals.org)