Contact Tracing: Identification of those persons (or animals) who have had such an association with an infected person, animal, or contaminated environment as to have had the opportunity to acquire the infection. Contact tracing is a generally accepted method for the control of sexually transmitted diseases.Smallpox: An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)Male Urogenital Diseases: Pathological processes of the male URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, MALE).Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Gonorrhea: Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.Female Urogenital Diseases: Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).Chlamydia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.Disease Transmission, Infectious: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Air Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to air travel. It includes the physiologic and psychologic beneficial or adverse effects.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Cuba: An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, south of Florida. With the adjacent islands it forms the Republic of Cuba. Its capital is Havana. It was discovered by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492 and conquered by Spain in 1511. It has a varied history under Spain, Great Britain, and the United States but has been independent since 1902. The name Cuba is said to be an Indian name of unknown origin but the language that gave the name is extinct, so the etymology is a conjecture. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p302 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p132)Tuberculosis, Pulmonary: MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.Tuberculin Test: One of several skin tests to determine past or present tuberculosis infection. A purified protein derivative of the tubercle bacilli, called tuberculin, is introduced into the skin by scratch, puncture, or interdermal injection.Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Communicable DiseasesCommunicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.Chlamydia trachomatis: Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.WalesTravel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Syphilis: A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.Contact Lenses: Lenses designed to be worn on the front surface of the eyeball. (UMDNS, 1999)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.Stochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.EnglandGreat BritainAntitubercular Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis. They are divided into two main classes: "first-line" agents, those with the greatest efficacy and acceptable degrees of toxicity used successfully in the great majority of cases; and "second-line" drugs used in drug-resistant cases or those in which some other patient-related condition has compromised the effectiveness of primary therapy.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Dermatitis, Contact: A type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin. It may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Contact Lenses, Hydrophilic: Soft, supple contact lenses made of plastic polymers which interact readily with water molecules. Many types are available, including continuous and extended-wear versions, which are gas-permeable and easily sterilized.Dermatitis, Allergic Contact: A contact dermatitis due to allergic sensitization to various substances. These substances subsequently produce inflammatory reactions in the skin of those who have acquired hypersensitivity to them as a result of prior exposure.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.

Emergence of vancomycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus. Glycopeptide-Intermediate Staphylococcus aureus Working Group. (1/718)

BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, the glycopeptide vancomycin has been the only uniformly effective treatment for staphylococcal infections. In 1997, two infections due to S. aureus with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin were identified in the United States. METHODS: We investigated the two patients with infections due to S. aureus with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides, as defined by a minimal inhibitory concentration of vancomycin of 8 to 16 microg per milliliter. To assess the carriage and transmission of these strains of S. aureus, we cultured samples from the patients and their contacts and evaluated the isolates. RESULTS: The first patient was a 59-year-old man in Michigan with diabetes mellitus and chronic renal failure. Peritonitis due to S. aureus with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides developed after 18 weeks of vancomycin treatment for recurrent methicillin-resistant S. aureus peritonitis associated with dialysis. The removal of the peritoneal catheter plus treatment with rifampin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole eradicated the infection. The second patient was a 66-year-old man with diabetes in New Jersey. A bloodstream infection due to S. aureus with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides developed after 18 weeks of vancomycin treatment for recurrent methicillin-resistant S. aureus bacteremia. This infection was eradicated with vancomycin, gentamicin, and rifampin. Both patients died. The glycopeptide-intermediate S. aureus isolates differed by two bands on pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. On electron microscopy, the isolates from the infected patients had thicker extracellular matrixes than control methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolates. No carriage was documented among 177 contacts of the two patients. CONCLUSIONS: The emergence of S. aureus with intermediate resistance to glycopeptides emphasizes the importance of the prudent use of antibiotics, the laboratory capacity to identify resistant strains, and the use of infection-control precautions to prevent transmission.  (+info)

Tuberculosis outbreaks in prison housing units for HIV-infected inmates--California, 1995-1996. (2/718)

During 1995-1996, staff from the California departments of corrections and health services and local health departments investigated two outbreaks of drug-susceptible tuberculosis (TB). The outbreaks occurred in two state correctional institutions with dedicated HIV housing units. In each outbreak, all cases were linked by IS6110-based DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. This report describes the investigations of both outbreaks; the findings indicated that M. tuberculosis can spread rapidly among HIV-infected inmates and be transmitted to their visitors and prison employees, with secondary spread to the community.  (+info)

Nosocomial group A streptococcal infections associated with asymptomatic health-care workers--Maryland and California, 1997. (3/718)

Group A Streptococcus (GAS), a common cause of pharyngitis and uncomplicated skin and soft tissue infections, can cause serious invasive infections (including necrotizing fasciitis and streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome [STSS]) and death. Since 1965, at least 15 postoperative or postpartum GAS outbreaks attributed to asymptomatic carriage in health-care workers (HCWs) have been reported. This report describes two nosocomial outbreaks of GAS infection in Maryland and California during 1996-1997; the findings suggest that early infection-control measures that include active surveillance may interrupt transmission and prevent morbidity and mortality.  (+info)

Confidentiality and HIV status in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: implications, resistances and challenges. (4/718)

This article provides a contextualized comparison and analysis of the former Kwazulu and the new Kwazulu-Natal policy documents on HIV confidentiality, the differing practices within the region, and their implications for support and gender. It is based on interviews with key players in the regional NACOSA (National AIDS Convention of South Africa), and participation in meetings between August and November 1995. The main division is between those influenced by other rural African models, especially the Zambian concept of "shared confidentiality' as a way of ensuring support, and who have gone on to develop more community-based practices to destigmatize the disease, in contrast with the stronger emphasis in the new document on individual rights, assuming a more urban constituency, and where "shared confidentiality' is much more circumscribed. One of the difficulties of the new policy in which "confidentiality' is interpreted as "secrecy', is that it would seem to foreclose and neutralize lay and community support, as distinct from the earlier and unacknowledged policy of former Kwazulu. It also seeks to provide an enhanced role for professional counsellors. This psychologizing of the infection and the distancing from "community', and from women's groups, is surprising in a country in whose townships "community' remains a powerful motivating symbol, and where NGOs and peer groups have been identified everywhere as central to effective HIV/AIDS related prevention, care and support for behavior change.  (+info)

Patient referral outcome in gonorrhoea and chlamydial infections. (5/718)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of patient referral at the STD clinic of the University Hospital Rotterdam. To study characteristics of heterosexual index patients and partnerships related to referral outcome. METHODS: In 1994, patients with gonorrhoea and chlamydia were referred to public health nurses for interview and patient referral. Referral outcome was classified as "verified" if partners attended the STD clinic and as "believed" if partners were said to have attended elsewhere. RESULTS: Of 454 patients, 250 (55%) participated in the study. The outcome of patient referral for the 502 eligible partners was 103 (20.5%) verified referrals, 102 (20%) believed referrals, and 297 (59%) with unknown follow up. Of the 103 partners examined, 43 had an STD of which 63% reported no symptoms. The contact finding ratio was higher for chlamydia patients and heterosexual men. Also, referral was more effective for index patients with recent sexual contact, with follow up visits to the public health nurse, for men who were not commercial sex worker (CSW) clients, and, to a lesser degree, for Dutch patients and patients who sometimes used condoms. For steady partners, referral was improved if the last sexual contact was more recent. Casual partners visited the clinic more often if sexual contact occurred more than once, if the last contact was more recent, if they were older, and if they were Dutch. CONCLUSIONS: Patient referral was more effective for certain groups, such as chlamydia patients and steady partners, but was inadequate for others, including CSW and their clients, other "one night stands", young partners, and ethnic minorities.  (+info)

Partner notification for gonorrhoea: a comparative study with a provincial and a metropolitan UK clinic. (6/718)

OBJECTIVE: To compare partner notification practice and outcomes at a provincial and a metropolitan clinic. DESIGN: Prospective study, following standardisation of partner notification policy. SETTINGS: Sheffield Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Royal Hallamshire Hospital and Jefferiss Wing Centre for Sexual Health, St Mary's Hospital, London. SUBJECTS: Consecutive patients with culture positive gonorrhoea between October 1994 and March 1996 who were interviewed by a health adviser. RESULTS: In Sheffield, 235 cases reported 659 outstanding contacts, of whom 129 (20%) were subsequently screened, and 65 (50%) had gonorrhoea. At St Mary's 510 cases reported 2176 outstanding contacts, of whom 98 (5%) were known to have been screened, and 53 (54%) had gonorrhoea. Patient or provider referral agreements appeared more productive in Sheffield, where 60% resulted in contact attendance, compared with 13% at St Mary's. Provider referral was used more frequently in Sheffield, for 44% of referrals, compared with 1% at St Mary's. Multivariate analysis showed that partner notification was less effective for casual and short term (< 7 days) partnerships in both centres, and for homosexual men at St Mary's. CONCLUSION: Partner notification outcomes were better in the provincial setting where contact attendance could be recorded more reliably and provider referral was used more extensively. The high proportion of contacts who remained untraced in both settings indicates the need for complementary screening and prevention initiatives.  (+info)

Group A Streptococcus carriage among close contacts of patients with invasive infections. (7/718)

During the past few years, the incidence of invasive group A Streptococcus (GAS) infection has been increasing. However, there are presently no clear recommendations regarding antibiotic prophylaxis for close contacts of index patients. The aims of this study were 1) to determine the prevalence of carriage of the same GAS strain as the patient's among contacts of patients with invasive infections and 2) to assess the importance of exposure duration. From March 1995 to March 1996, the authors prospectively included in the study all patients with invasive GAS infection, as defined by the Working Group on Severe Streptococcal Infections, who came to Hopital Maisonneuve-Rosemont in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. An epidemiologic investigation was systematically carried out for each index case. Contacts were divided into two groups: those who had spent 24 hours or more with the index patient during the week preceding the beginning of his or her illness and those who had spent 12-24 hours with the index patient during that week. Strains of GAS were examined by serotyping (proteins M and T and the presence or absence of the serum opacity factor) and by characterization of streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins (exotoxins A, B, and C). One hundred and two contacts of 17 index cases with invasive GAS infection were systematically screened. Contacts were considered positive if they carried the same strain of the bacterium and the same streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin as the index case. Among the contacts who had spent at least 24 hours per week with their respective index cases, 13 out of 48 (27%) were found to be harboring the same serotype of GAS as the index patient (95% confidence interval 14.5-39.5). By comparison, only one of the 54 contacts in the 12- to 24-hour group (1.8%) was found to be carrying the same strain of the bacterium (95% confidence interval 0-5.3). This difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p<0.001). The median age of the positive carriers (10 years) was significantly lower than the median age of the noncarriers (39 years) (p< or =0.0005). This study showed that close contacts who had spent 12-24 hours with the index patient were rarely colonized with GAS. If antibiotic prophylaxis against GAS is recommended, it should probably target contacts who spent at least 24 hours with an infected patient during the week preceding illness onset.  (+info)

Interpreting the decline in tuberculosis: the role of secular trends in effective contact. (8/718)

BACKGROUND: The dramatic decline in tuberculosis (TB) in developed countries during the past century has been attributed to many factors, including improvements in living and social conditions and, more recently, effective treatment. Each of these changes should have reduced the average number of individuals 'effectively contacted' (i.e. sufficiently to transmit infection) by each infectious TB case. METHOD: Estimates of the average number of individuals effectively contacted by each infectious TB case, for each year since 1900 in England and Wales, are derived as the ratio between published estimates of the annual risk of infection and estimates of the prevalence of infectious cases, as derived using a published model of the epidemiology of TB. RESULTS: The results suggest that each infectious case contacted, on average, about 22 individuals in 1900 sufficiently to transmit Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, and that this number declined to about 10 by 1950 and to approximately one by 1990. CONCLUSIONS: Although several factors contributed to the decline in TB in developed countries during this century, a major contributor has been the decline in the number of effective contacts by each case over time. Similar declines have doubtless occurred over the past century for many infections in developed countries.  (+info)

... FOR LOCAL HEALTH DEPARTMENTS An Overview of North Carolinas Procedure for Ebola Contact Tracing : Guidance, Tools, and Exercises for Public Health Presented by the N.C. Communicable Disease Branch October 2014 Use this next week to Get Ready:      Acknowledge the critical role that contact tracing plays in interrupting disease transmission Assess your capacity to conduct a scalable Ebola contact tracing event Describe the process and locate the data collection data management tools Prepare for onsite state and federal assistance Exercise multiple tabletop exercises for Ebola contact tracing  R - Review the Guidance  E - Engage your Epi Team  A - Assess your Capacity  D - Designate your Tracers  Y - Yes to Tabletop Exercises  Deploy state team immediately for assistance with data management  Epidemiologist  Deploy state team for field investigations  Nurse Consultant  Disease Intervention Specialist    Access to Risk ...
To stem the spread of infectious diseases, epidemiologists use contact tracing interviews to identify individuals who may need treatment or, if indicated, quarantine or isolation. Given the high stakes, the most exhaustive list of potentially infected contacts must be reported. However, standard contact tracing procedures may fail to extract the most complete report possible from sick individuals. One of the most reliable methods for maximizing recall is the Cognitive Interview (CI). The CI uses several techniques grounded in psychological theory and was expected to increase the number of contacts listed during contact tracing interviewing compared to a standard contact tracing interview. In Study One, participants imagined they were infected with meningococcal meningitis, and reported every person with whom they had physical contact, shared saliva, or lived with over the previous three days (i.e., at a high risk for developing meningococcal meningitis). Participants were interviewed with either a CI or
Contact tracing in the context of STDs before HIV relied on the patients cooperation and this cooperation was secured by the fact that the anonymity of the index patient (that is, the patient who is to serve as the reference point for all contact traces - the one in the doctor ís office) would be preserved. The people being notified would then be able to begin treatment. In the initial stages of the AIDS epidemic, several facts about HIV led to the opposition of contact tracing; namely, the fact that it was untreatable in the early stages (and ultimately incurable) and the fact that it was initially spread most commonly by homosexual contact. Thus the battle began between invasion of privacy vs. potential benefit.
In light of concerns about the spread of lethal Ebola virus in the US, there is an urgent need to develop methods to better understand how to track the spread of the disease and how to contact everyone who may have been exposed to the disease. Our proposal addresses this specific need rapidly and in a timely manner, and will produce software applications that can be installed on smart phones.. We propose a framework that uses existing readily available technologies that can do effective contact tracing without compromising the privacy of the users. The framework has two parts: aggregator: which collects information from the users, and analyser: which processes the information to do contact tracing.. Note that applications such as IDid-Inc already have the capability to collect contextual information on the user, hence it is possible to design and develop our aggregator rapidly. This application tracks the daily activities of the user including places visited, people visited, mode of ...
Contact tracing of sexual partners is an important part of the clinical management of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and initiation of contact tracing is the responsibility of the diagnosing clinician. Research has shown that some general practitioners would like to improve their skills in this area. | RACGP
It is passed from person-to-person through contact with saliva. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics, which can be found on the side of each page. It is passed from person-to-person through contact with saliva. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics, which can be found on the side of each page. It is passed from person-to-person through contact with saliva. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics, which can be found on the side of each page. It is passed from person-to-person through contact with saliva.. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics, which can be found on the side of each page. It is passed from person-to-person through contact with saliva. It is passed from person-to-person through contact with saliva. For your ...
In expedited partner therapy (EPT), health care providers give medications or prescriptions to patients diagnosed with a treatable STI, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, to give to their sex partner(s) without the provider first examining the partner(s). Medications or prescriptions are generally provided for partners from the prior 60 days, or to the most recent partner if the patient has not had sex in the 60 days prior to diagnosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that medications or prescriptions be accompanied by treatment instructions, applicable warnings about taking medication (e.g., pregnancy or allergy), general health counseling, and a statement advising partners to seek medical evaluation for any symptom of an STI (CDC-STD 2015). EPT is one option in a comprehensive strategy for partner management, and does not replace other strategies such as provider-assisted referral (CDC-EPT). ...
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released guidelines on expedited partner therapy for chlamydial and gonorrheal sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).{ref61}{ref62} Wh... more
Contact tracing -- a process of identifying everyone who has come into contact with those infected by a particular disease -- combined with targeted, indoor spraying of insecticide can greatly reduce the spread of the mosquito-borne dengue virus, finds a study led by Emory University researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). The results were published today in the journal Science Translational Medicine and based on analyses from a 2009 outbreak of dengue in Cairns, Australia.
Triasih R, Robertson C, de Campo J, Duke T, Choridah L, Graham SM. An evaluation of chest X-ray in the context of community-based screening of child tuberculosis contacts. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 19 (12) : 1428 - 34(2015) PubMed ...
Link to original source (journal subscription may be required for access)Cochrane-Ferreira 2013).. Based on effectiveness among HIV patients, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also recommends patient notification by provider referral for syphilis and, in high priority cases, gonorrhea and chlamydia (CDC MMWR-Partner services 2008). When resources do not allow provider referral, CDC recommends that patients infected with chlamydia and gonorrhea be counseled to inform their partners (CDC MMWR-Partner services 2008). Additional research is needed to confirm the most effective type of referral for STIs other than HIV (Ferreira A, Young T, Mathews C, Zunza M, Low N. Strategies for partner notification for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2013;(10):CD002843 ...
Objective To understand delay in seeing medical care,partner notification and underlying determinants among male STD patients Methods Cross-sectional studies of first male visitors were performed in 4 STD clinics Results Among 406 cases under the study,80% felt stigmatized due to STDs,28% visited a doctor in less than 1 week after the onset of symptoms and 40% persisted in sex activities even though they felt some symptoms No visible relation was seen between stigma and delay in seeking medical care 77% of the married patients were reluctant to notify STI to their wives,and those who were feeling stigmatized were more reulctant to do so(OR=0 44,95%CI:0 21-0 85) Conclusions Preventive measures including health counseling should be taken so as to reduce patients stigmatization,raise the rate of timely seeking medical care and encourage STD patients to notify their spouses
Results In total, 119,873 HBV (HBcAb +/- HBsAg) tests were undertaken between Jan 2005 and Jan 2015; 69,256 HBsAg tests (+/- cAb) were subsequently identified with appropriate address and postcode information.. HBsAg was detected (positive) in 851/69,256 laboratory requests (0.01%); median age 36 years, Female 55%, with 661 individual patients diagnosed with HBV in this period (HBcAb+ 77%).. Clinical indications for testing and the requesting speciality were poorly documented, but antenatal HBV testing was the predominant indication/specialty with 23,719 requests.. 159/661(24%) of HBsAg-positive cases were detected in primary care, 395/661 (60%) in Hospital outpatients (Gastro/Hepatology); 10/661 (1.5%) in Antenatal services and 3/661 (0.45%) in Prisons.. 814 unique patient addresses were identified for 661 HBV positive patients; 54 HBV positive patients shared the same address (26 households, range 2-3/household), with an additional 203 negative HBsAg requests made in the remaining household ...
Noting that the high number of cases recorded in Lagos and Abuja was due their functions as a gateway for international air travel, Ehanire said the incidence of new cases into Nigeria would reduce the number of implications as a result of the closure of the airport and land borders.. "We will be dealing largely with those which have already been brought into the country and are being transmitted from person to person. The presidential task force later today will review activities and update measures to protect the health and well-being of Nigerians.. "Additional strategies are being developed to intensify contact tracing to support prompt case detection, isolation, and treatment in order to reduce the spread of this infection.," he said.. He disclosed that retired staff of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, and the Ministry of Health have reported for duties.. According to him, NCDC has engaged hundreds of ad-hoc staff to support call centres, contact tracing and laboratory work. He ...
Google and Apple just released software to let developers create contact-tracing apps and fight COVID-19. What does this do? We can explain.
Of 281 contacts (median age 33 months), 44 (15.7%) started anti-tuberculosis treatment and 234 (83.3%) received IPT, 80.3% of whom completed a 6-month course. After adjustment for age and human immunodeficiency virus status, cough (aOR 4.10, 95%CI 1.39-12.11) and reduced playfulness (aOR 7.79, 95%CI 2.12-25.18) were associated with radiological TB. Screening based on cough or reduced playfulness had a sensitivity of 81.8% and a negative predictive value of 97.6%.. ...
... most often occurs through contact with stool from an infected person. As this part of the eMedTV site explains, transmission also occurs through contact with respiratory droplets. This page discusses polio transmission in detail.
It is surprising to me that this actress still can go out and smile everyday and keep plugging away at her career. She is probably a C+. Movies mainly. Almost exclusively actually. Even though she is a C+ in the acting world, you would probably still recognize the name for sure, although putting a face to it would be a little tougher. At one point she was the lead in a movie. That seems a long time ago. When she got the lead she did so through contacts she made at her church. They made it clear to her that there would be payback. She balked at what their payback was. It turns out that when new recruits come through the door they wanted her to act as their greeter and to show them around. They also wanted her to flirt and if the person had enough money and was a big catch, the flirting should turn into something more. She refused. She then had a year long dry spell acting. Apparently at some point all was forgiven and she started getting roles again. All the roles were set up through contacts of ...
HIV/AIDS affects people of all ages and racial/ethnic backgrounds. Usually, infants and children acquire the infection from the mother during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. The most common mode of transmission for teens and adults is sexual contact. Currently, the largest number of HIV-infected people lives in Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. In the United States, homosexual men and injecting drug users have the highest prevalence of infection. However, adolescents and women, particularly those of African-American and Hispanic background, have the highest rates of new infections.. Casual, classroom, or household contact with an HIV-infected person poses no risk. Transmission cannot occur from sharing dishes, towels, or bathroom facilities. Saliva, urine, and stool are not contagious unless there is visible blood in the fluid.. HIV is transmitted through contact with infected semen or cervical secretions. People who have sexual contact with an infected person are at risk of acquiring ...
HIV/AIDS affects people of all ages and racial/ethnic backgrounds. Usually, infants and children acquire the infection from the mother during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. The most common mode of transmission for teens and adults is sexual contact. Currently, the largest number of HIV-infected people lives in Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. In the United States, homosexual men and injecting drug users have the highest prevalence of infection. However, adolescents and women, particularly those of African-American and Hispanic background, have the highest rates of new infections.. Casual, classroom, or household contact with an HIV-infected person poses no risk. Transmission cannot occur from sharing dishes, towels, or bathroom facilities. Saliva, urine, and stool are not contagious unless there is visible blood in the fluid.. HIV is transmitted through contact with infected semen or cervical secretions. People who have sexual contact with an infected person are at risk of acquiring ...
151 my belief that the indications for such inspections are knowledge or reasonable suspicion that there are concealed cases of venereal disease in the unit. In units where an appreciable number of such cases are found, inspections should be frequent until men are convinced that concealment is not desirable. Whenever there is punitive action against commanders for high venereal disease rates, such commanders are loath to order physical inspections because discovery of cases will increase their rate. There have been indications that commanders of some units in the Far East Command have at times avoided ordering physical inspections for this reason. It is likely that in many areas lack of inspection of troops is a factor in maintaining the reservoir of venereal infection in the civilian community.. Contact tracing in the Orient presents many problems. Identification of persons and places is complicated by barriers of language and the use of Oriental symbols which have no resemblance to the Roman ...
WebMD Chief Medical Officer John Whyte talks with Dr Eric Topol about the need for better testing, contact tracing, and surveillance, and where we should be spending more of our efforts.
Germs can be found everywhere. Bacteria and viruses that cause colds and infectious diseases such as hepatitis A, E. coli, shigella, and salmonella, are spread through contact with a contaminated surface or by persons who dont wash their hands after using the bathroom. Washing your hands correctly will greatly reduce the chances of having those germs enter your body when you touch your nose or mouth, or spreading them to others through handling food or person-to-person contact ...
HIV refers to the human immunodeficiency virus, which is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus family) that infects humans. The mode of infection is mainly through contact with infected body fluids (such as [Read More ...] ...
In the first months of its outbreak in the UK, H1N1 mostly affected young people, and was most commonly spread through contact at school, research by the HPA has
Having just gone through the post-collegiate job market, I can say that this alone is worth a lot. In addition to lower salaries, the majority of other professions do not present such a clean-cut "do this, then this, then this" approach to recruiting and instead require that you go through contacts or wait long periods of time without much certainty to get a job. The banks and consulting firms also do a good job of convincing applicants that "if you work here, you can do a, b, or c afterwards", whereas many other industries do not make such claims. This is an interesting market design perspective on I-banking and consulting recruiting - I dont think Americas youth is suddenly much greedier than it once was and is drawn by large salaries. Certainly some people are, but not all. I think what the I-banking and consulting firms really offer is 1) they recruit early, 2) they offer a very well-understood process towards getting a job, and 3) a clear vision of your future (I make no claim as to ...
A touch screen display works through contact by a finger or a stylus that completes a circuit through either electrical resistance or capacitance. Resistive touch screens require the user to press...
File I/O and performance tuning; utlbstat and utlestat, library cache, data dictionary cache, data cache hit ratios, sorting, and rollback wait stats.
Background Investigation of household contacts exposed to infectious tuberculosis (TB) is widely recommended by international guidelines to identify secondary cases of TB and limit spread. There is little data to guide the use of contact investigations outside of the household, despite strong evidence that most TB infections occur outside of the home in TB high burden settings. In older adolescents, the majority of infections are estimated to occur in school. Therefore, as part of a project to increase active case finding in Swaziland, we performed school contact investigations following the identification of a student with infectious TB. Methods The Butimba Project identified 7 adolescent TB index cases (age 10-20) with microbiologically confirmed disease attending 6 different schools between June 2014 and March 2015. In addition to household contact investigations, Butimba Project staff worked with the Swaziland School Health Programme (SHP) to perform school contact investigations. At 6 school TB
The aim of this study was to evaluate how patients with Chlamydia trachomatis infection perceived the legal enforcement of partner notification and to seek their views on legislation impinging on their own sexual behaviour. The investigation was performed at STD clinics in Stockholm, Sweden in 1997. Consecutive patients (n=192) answered a questionnaire about sexual behaviour and contact tracing. More men (40%) than women (21%) had had sexual intercourse during the past 6 months with an occasional partner. The mean number (6 months prior to this) was 2.3 partners (1-15) for men and 2.2 partners (1-21) for women. Eighteen per cent admitted to having avoided disclosing the name of their partner(s). Ninety per cent considered it beneficial that chlamydial infection was regulated and that a named partner could be forced to undergo STD testing. Partly based on this report, the government has recommended police enforcement to be removed from the legislation as a tool for contact tracing in chlamydial ...
While contact tracing and case isolation are considered as the first choice of interventions against a smallpox bioterrorist event, their effectiveness under vaccination is questioned, because not only susceptibility of host and infectiousness of case but also the risk of severe clinical manifestations among cases is known to be reduced by vaccine-induced immunity, thereby potentially delaying the diagnosis and increasing mobility among vaccinated cases. We employed a multi-type stochastic epidemic model, aiming to assess the feasibility of contact tracing and case isolation in a partially vaccinated population and identify data gaps. We computed four epidemiological outcome measures, i.e., (i) the threshold of a major epidemic under the interventions; (ii) the expected total number of cases; (iii) the probability of extinction, and (iv) the expected duration of an outbreak, demonstrating that all of these outcomes critically depend on the clinical impact of past vaccination on the diagnosis and
Background Home-initiated tuberculosis (TB) evaluation could improve test uptake and linkage to care among at-risk contacts of active TB index patients. However, there is a need to systematically explore why contacts accept, decline, or are unable to complete these services. We sought to describe the barriers to home-based sputum collection as part of enhanced household contact investigation for TB in Kampala, Uganda. Methods Using a parallel convergent mixed-methods design, we collected quantitative data describing home sputum collection among 82 household contacts of active TB patients and qualitative interviews from a sub-sample of 19 of those contacts. Data were analyzed in parallel to produce a more complete picture of the underlying barriers to home sputum collection. Results Men were significantly more likely than women to provide sputum when eligible (p=0.04). Contacts who reported risk factors for or symptoms of TB but no active cough where significantly less likely to provide sputum (p=0.05).
RALEIGH, N.C. (WNCT) The North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (NCDHHS) launches new initiatives to expand COVID-19 testing and contact tracing across the state and help North Carolinians protect their families and neighbors. Testing and tracing are core public health measures and key components of North Carolina
A report is provided of a contact investigation conducted in rural South Carolina to identify, counsel, and educate men infected with or exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Valuable information was gained about ...
Separate from contacts not seen are contacts lost to follow up. The former are simply people who the contact teams didnt have time to visit, or maybe couldnt find on that particular day. The latter are people the contact teams cant find, period. They have gone missing. We only have data on this variable for Liberia, but what we see is concerning. Its not uncommon for dozens of people to be lost to follow up each day. We dont know how many of these people eventually return to the system, but my (uninformed) guess is that its relatively rare ...
The foreskin, a loose fold of skin that covers the penis is also called the ________. A. Spongiosum B. Androgen C. Prepuce D. Scrotum I think C 99% sure, but my book says its preouce, not prepuce. (Maybe its a typo ...
We also use mass media and mid media communications to promote TB care-seeking behavior and encourage treatment adherence. Messages are designed to address key determinants of these behaviors: including knowledge, skills and self-efficacy to seek out and adhere to TB treatment. We also train outreach workers to conduct interpersonal communication activities with communities at high risk of TB infection and to offer screening services where appropriate. This active case finding approach includes contact tracing of identified TB cases.. As PSIs HIV programs move further into biomedical and clinical service delivery, we aim to integrate strong HIV services with TB diagnostics, prevention and treatment. We also have an opportunity to apply our growing strengths in addressing loss-to-follow-up into our TB efforts. This is achieved by offering not only referrals but the full continuum of care, especially to clients with limited access to the nearest clinic.. ...
In order to promote continuity of care, HHC encourages referring providers to complete an Enrollment and Referral Agreement Form with their affiliated HHC hospital. A completed and signed Enrollment and Referral Agreement Form will be a requirement for providers to join MetroPlus for the first time or go through the Metroplus recredentialing process. It will also be a requirement to join HHC Connectx, with its many benefits, including use of the Community Referral (HHC Connectx) Office at your facility to expedite your patient referrals into our hospitals. The providers use of the Community Referral (HHC Connectx) Office to direct patient referrals facilitates the appropriate exchange of clinical information.. ...
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During my time as CEO of Park Nicollet, I encouraged team members to call upon personal experiences to inspire constant improvement and lasting success ...
Ive a novel qualifications in compound abuse dealing with consumers which have endured significant trauma. I function with little ones and family members exactly where the focus is geared in the direction of creating a constructive dynamic in addition to balanced conversation involving both parent and boy or girl. I specialize in partners therapy, anxiety, trauma and LGBTQ. I exploit cognitive behavioral therapy and keep a rational and humanistic tactic in direction of therapy ...
MODE OF TRANSMISSION: In an outbreak, it is hypothesized that the first patient becomes infected as a result of contact with an infected animal (15). Person-to-person transmission occurs via close personal contact with an infected individual or their body fluids during the late stages of infection or after death (1, 2, 15, 27). Nosocomial infections can occur through contact with infected body fluids due to the reuse of unsterilized syringes, needles, or other medical equipment contaminated with these fluids (1, 2). Humans may be infected by handling sick or dead non-human primates and are also at risk when handling the bodies of deceased humans in preparation for funerals, suggesting possible transmission through aerosol droplets (2, 6, 28 ...
A growing number of health professionals are filling an important role in the effort to guard against a resurgence of the coronavirus. Contact tracing is a hybrid job of interrogator, therapist and nurse, as they coax nervous people to be honest. (May 21)
NOROVIRUS is incredibly contagious and can be passed on through contact with an infected person or even contact with contained surfaces and objects. Public Health England has issued a warning after an increase in cases of diarrhoea and vomiting.
Influenza A(H1N1) viruses circulate in swine populations in many regions of the world. Depending on geographic location, the genetic characteristics of these viruses differ. Most human cases are exposed to the A(H1N1) virus through contact with infected swine or contaminated environments. Human infection tends to result in mild clinical illness. Since these viruses continue to be detected in swine populations, further human cases can be expected ...
... is an infection characterized by the feeling of tiredness and weakness for weeks or even months, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) spread through contact with mucus from the throat and nose, saliva, and sometimes tears. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition
The expectation is that Chargers running back Ryan Mathews will make his 2012 debut against the Falcons this weekend. The Chargers havent confirmed that yet, but theres nothing left for Mathews to do on the practice field after hes made it through contact unscathed.
Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
PsychCare+ triages and manages patient referrals for behavioral health. Learn about this service offered by Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic of UPMC.
The Department of Surgery Administrative and Education Offices are unable to provide medical information or to assist with patient referrals. Information on physician specialties and interests are available on some Divisional websites. Patients are encouraged to speak with their family doctors about a referral to a specialist ...
Join Deke McClelland for an in-depth discussion in this video Tracing lines with uniform strokes, part of Illustrator CC 2017 One-on-One Advanced
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Tracing Emersons famous twistings and turnings, Mr. Poirier argued that even when he seemed most complacent […] Emerson cannot be taken at face value. ...
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We developed and tested two novel replicable, feasible, acceptable and safe APT models for use in primary care settings, which met General Medical Council guidance8 on remote prescribing. However, individual recruitment to the trial was difficult. Overall, a similar proportion of partners were reported as treated in all three arms of the trial, in each case fewer than half, and the addition of APT interventions did not appear to improve outcomes. Uptake of the adjunct interventions was poor and most PN was achieved via standard methods, rather than via APT. The online patient and data management tool was acceptable to clinical staff and feasible for the referral of patients for PN support and outcome measurement.. Women reported numbers of sex partners comparable to women attending specialist sexual health services9 and the majority of sex partners were contactable. No sex partners reported receiving HIV and syphilis testing, though a small number of sex partners in APT arms returned a postal ...
The study authors sought to explore the factors around and the success of contact-tracing in a recent major outbreak of infectious syphilis in Sheffield, ...
Urogenital chlamydia infection, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in Sweden. In 2008 it was estimated by WHO that there were 105.7 million new cases of CT worldwide, an increase by 4.2 million cases (4.1%) compared to 2005. If untreated, CT infections can progress to serious reproductive health problems, especially in women. These complications include subfertility/infertility, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pain. The CT infection is often asymptomatic and reliable diagnostic methods and contact tracing are important tools for identifying infected individuals. CT infection is classified in the Swedish Communicable Diseases Act as a serious disease; consequently, written reporting and contact tracing are compulsory. Previous or ongoing CT infection is not uncommon in infertile couples, especially in women with tubal factor infertility (TFI). We have tested 244 infertile couples for CT antibodies, and CT IgG positive ...
In fact, this novel approach for the surveillance and control of dengue fever - spread by the same mosquito species that infects people with the Zika virus - was between 86 and 96 percent effective during one outbreak, the research shows. By comparison, vaccines for the dengue virus are only 30-to-70-percent effective, depending on the serotype of the virus ...
I know HPV (genital warts) can be passed on by direct contact with infected areas, but what about semen? What if the guy never touches the girl, but only his semen touches the girls skin?
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Results A Total of 169 patients were referred to the specialist clinic. Of these, 156 had been seen at least once. Of those who had not been seen, 5 patients did not attend their scheduled appointment (2.9%) and 8 had yet to receive a first appointment. Data was missing for 6 of the patients who attended the specialist clinic. Data for a total of 150 patients was analysed.. The age at referral to specialist clinic ranged from 16 to 87, mean age 58.2 years. Male to female ratio 1:5. Time from initial symptoms to referral to specialist Sjögrens clinic ranged from 2 months to 252 (mean 77.2) months. Time from first presentation to a medical specialty to attendance at the specialist PSS clinic ranged from 0 to 240 (mean 41.2) months.. Patients were referred from a variety of pathways. Over one third of patients were referred from primary care (50 from General Practice and 1 from dental practitioner). Two thirds were referred from secondary care, the majority of referrals from rheumatology, ...
HIV/AIDS affects people of all ages and racial/ethnic backgrounds. Usually, infants and children acquire the infection from the mother during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. The most common mode of transmission for teens and adults is sexual contact. Currently, the largest number of HIV-infected people lives in Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. In the United States, homosexual men and injecting drug users have the highest prevalence of infection. However, adolescents and women, particularly those of African-American and Hispanic background, have the highest rates of new infections.. Casual, classroom, or household contact with an HIV-infected person poses no risk. Transmission cannot occur from sharing dishes, towels, or bathroom facilities. Saliva, urine, and stool are not contagious unless there is visible blood in the fluid.. HIV is transmitted through contact with infected semen or cervical secretions. People who have sexual contact with an infected person are at risk of acquiring ...
Half or more of HIV transmission events may occur within the period of high infectivity (and often high risk behavior) that can last 11 months or more after a person is initially infected. Unfortunately, neither test-and-treat intervention methods nor Acute HIV Infection projects have found effective ways to intervene against transmission during this risky recent infection period. The investigators seek to develop effective intervention techniques against HIV transmission during the recent infection period using a combination of injection-, sexual- and social-network-based contact tracing methods; community alerts in the networks and venues of recent infectees; and the logic of going up and down infection chains.. The investigators first Aim is to develop and evaluate ways to locate seeds, defined as drug users and other people who have recently been infected. The investigators second Aim targets members of seeds networks and people who attend their venues. The investigators will test ...
Half or more of HIV transmission events may occur within the period of high infectivity (and often high risk behavior) that can last 11 months or more after a person is initially infected. Unfortunately, neither test-and-treat intervention methods nor Acute HIV Infection projects have found effective ways to intervene against transmission during this risky recent infection period. The investigators seek to develop effective intervention techniques against HIV transmission during the recent infection period using a combination of injection-, sexual- and social-network-based contact tracing methods; community alerts in the networks and venues of recent infectees; and the logic of going up and down infection chains.. The investigators first Aim is to develop and evaluate ways to locate seeds, defined as drug users and other people who have recently been infected. The investigators second Aim targets members of seeds networks and people who attend their venues. The investigators will test ...
In accordance with Ohio law, the health district conducts tuberculosis control and containment throughout Geauga County by screening high-risk populations, contact investigation, maintaining a register of positive reactors, and, in conjunction with the Geauga County Commissioners, following through with suitable treatment for appropriate individuals.
This dissertation investigates the public response to HIV/AIDS in Sweden in the 1980s and early 1990s. The analysis focuses on the National Commission on AIDS (NCA,"Aidsdelegationen"). The NCA was appointed by the government in 1985, led by the Minister of Social Affairs and mandated to initiate and coordinate the national response to the epidemic and in function until 1992. The dissertations theoretical framework is based on the understanding of an epidemic as a cultural and historical concept, emphasizing that health policy in the late twentieth century must be analyzed as a complex process of problematization. The study includes four parts. The first part covers the years 1982 to 1985, an era characterized by small scale action, based mainly on voluntary initiatives with small resources. The second part examines the period 1985-1989, when the NCA formed an official national policy based on both strong legislation (enabling quarantine of recalcitrants, registration, contact tracing etc.) and ...
ObjectiveTo develop a policy environment for bidirectional screening of TB/DM To build the capacity of health care professionals in advocating, planning and implementing integrated TB and DM Management To increase awareness among diabetes and TB patients regarding the need to screen for TB and DM. To establish a clinical registry for DM and contact investigation for use by
San Diego County is in the midst of an outbreak of hepatitis A, a viral infection spread person-to-person and through contact with fecally contaminated objects or food. As of last week, more than 460 people have been infected and 17 have died. UC San Diego Health physicians, nurses and staff are at the… ...
You can get it through contact with the mouth, vagina, penis, or anus.The bacteria grow in warm, moist areas of the body. This can include the tube that carries urine out of the body (urethra). In women, the bacteria may be found in the reproductive tract (which includes the fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix). The bacteria can also grow in the eyes.Health care providers are required bylaw to tell the State Board of Health about all cases of gonorrhea. The goal of this law is make sure the patient gets proper follow-up care. Sexual partners also need to be found and tested.You are more likely to develop this infection if:*.You have many sex partners.*.You have a partner with a past history of any STI.*.You do not use a condom during sex.*.You abuse alcohol or illegal substances.SymptomsSymptoms of gonorrhea usually appear 2 - 5 days after infection. However, it may take up to a month for symptoms to appear in men.Some people do not have symptoms.They may not know that they have caught the ...
The outbreak first emerged in residents of Leeds and the north of England [1]. The outbreak has since spread to the West Midlands and south of England, including London. Initial cases were among heterosexuals but more recent evidence suggests HL-AziR is now spreading among men who have sex with men. Partner notification has been of limited success: of 50 partners thus far reported, only 22 (44%) were successfully contacted, 18 (82%) of which were tested; 17 (94%) tested positive for gonorrhoea. Whole genome sequencing of a subset of the isolates indicates that many of the isolates were clonal, consistent with recent transmission, and the remainder are closely related and share a more distant common ancestor. ...
Visit your health care provider for checks on your progress. This medicine may make you feel generally unwell. Contact your health care provider if your symptoms last more than 2 days or if they get worse. Call your health care provider right away if you have a severe or unusual symptom.. Infection can be spread to others through contact with this medicine. To prevent the spread of infection, follow your health care providers directions carefully after treatment.. Do not become pregnant while taking this medicine. There is a potential for serious side effects to an unborn child. Talk to your health care provider for more information. Do not breast-feed an infant while taking this medicine.. If you have sex while on this medicine, use a condom. Ask your health care provider how long you should use a condom.. ...
The stomach flu is a condition that is frequently reported in places such as offices, schools, and other highly frequented public areas. Medically the stomach flu is known as gastroenteritis, and it is a viral infection that causes inflammation and irritation in the small intestines. Infection occurs through contact with other infected patients, as well as infected food and water. As the body fights the infection, a series of symptoms appear, including diarrhea and vomiting. If you experience, prolonged symptoms or symptoms of severe mature contact your doctor as soon as possible. Find out the top 10 symptoms of gastroenteritis.. ...
By Rabbi Nosson Greenberg. In this weeks parsha we learn of the halachos of a Nazir - one who accepts upon himself a vow to a) abstain from eating grapes & drinking wine, b) refrain from cutting his/her hair, and c) not become tamai through contact with corpses or graves. This last prohibition is applicable even to the corpses of close family members. As the passuk says "Leaviv uleimo leachiv uleachoso lo yitamo lahem bemosam.." - For his father, mother, brother and sister he may not make himself tamei for them at their death…" (Bamidbar, 6:7). Rav Yaakov Kamenetsky zt"l asks why the Torah does not also list the corpses of a Nazirs son and daughter? For the prohibition is applicable to their corpses, too. Contrast this list with a similar one presented by the Torah back in parshas Emor regarding a Kohain (who too cannot become tamai by coming in contact with corpses and graves). There the Torah is listing the deaths of close family members that are an exception to his prohibition, ...
Health secretary Matt Hancock confirmed Brits over 70 are likely to be asked to self-isolate for up to four months in the coming weeks.. According to the NHS, the virus is incredibly contagious and is spread through contact with anything the virus is on as well as infected breath, coughs or sneezes.. The best way to prevent catching any form of coronavirus is to practice good hygiene.. Cleaning and disinfecting objects and surfaces which you may have touched is also important.. A KFC spokesperson said: "It doesnt feel like the right time to be airing this campaign, so weve decided to pause it for now - but were really proud of it and look forward to bringing it back at a later date.". The ASA declined to formally comment.. ...
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE. (Edmonton, AB, Canada)- Warts are something no one wants to talk about because they are ugly and can be embarrassing. For many years, an old wives tale has been spread throughout the world, leading people to believe touching frogs gives them warts. Perhaps, this rumor was started because frogs have a bumpy, warty appearance. Whatever the reason, Dr. Anil Sharma warns this is simply a fallacy. With summer just around the corner, no one needs to be afraid of the many frogs and toads that will soon be everywhere.. Warts are actually caused by a very contagious virus. This virus is a part of the Human Papilloma Virus family and can enter the outer layers of skin through a minute cut or scratch. The virus instructs the skin cells to begin replicating at a high rate of speed, causing warts. This virus can easily be spread through contact and a person can even spread the virus from one part of their body to another.. Dr. Anil Sharma warns patients to avoid treating their warts ...
If you are planning on traveling outside of North American, chances are fair that there is a vaccine or medication that your doctor will recommend you take prior to departure. This is certainly the case for China, as there are several vaccines that are very important for anyone that intends to visit China for more than just a short stay. Here is a list of the major vaccines that you can ask your doctor or travel doctor about prior to leaving.. Hepatitis A - This disease has the potential for making you very sick, doing damage to your liver and kidneys. Though not always fatal, it is certainly not something you want to get. As it is most frequently transferred through contaminated food and water, it is strongly advised to have this prior to your trip to China.. Hepatitis B - Once again, Potential for damage to your liver and kidneys. These organs do very important things, my friends! Do them a favor a get this vaccine series. Hep B is spread through contact with bodily fluids, so any procedures ...
A Hampstead woman is suing Exeter Hospital and other agencies, claiming she became infected with hepatitis C through contact with her husband after he contracted the virus from
To carry out the analysis, the sample simply needs to be applied to the test system. Information on the presence of an advanced stage Ebola infection is then provided through the detection of an antigen. Senova has validated the reliability of the test using several hundred real specimens in Guinea. For Senova owner Hans Hermann Söffing, a key area of application for the rapid test is the examination of Ebola victims who have passed away: "The viral load in people who have died of Ebola is so high that even a mere throat swab is sufficient to perform the rapid test. Isolation can thus be carried out extremely quickly in the event of a positive test result. This is particularly important as experience shows that in the main infection areas, many people become infected through contact with the deceased ...
Shigellosis is a bacterial infection that affects the digestive system. The Shigella bacterium is spread through contact with contaminated feces.
Strep is a strain of bacteria in an infectious wound that causes discomfort, illness and even death. A strep infection can be treated with antibiotics to keep it from infecting others and to stop the infection from spreading in the body.StreptococcusStreptococcus is a bacteria that causes various illnesses. Streptococcus or "strep" is most commonly found as group A in the human throat.Strep ThroatStrep throat is when the streptococcus bacteria infects the soft tissue in the back of the throat. This causes sore, tender patches that can be quite painful.SpreadStreptococci are spread through contact with secretions from infected sores. The ba...
Diarrhea in young laboratory mice is often caused by mouse rotavirus, also called epizootic diarrhea of infant mice (EDIM). This RNA virus is highly contagious and is transmitted via contaminated bedding, airborne dust, and through contact with infected mice. The virus is shed in the feces for about 10 days post-infection. Animals are most susceptible between 0 and 14 days of age. ...
In the wake of the Japanese nuclear disaster, radiation has contaminated the food and water supply and the ocean in Japan. Radioactive particles have been carried to distant lands, though no dangerous levels have been detected in other countries. During this time of possible exposure we need to protect ourselves from the toxicity of heavy metals and radiation. Anyone could be exposed to radiation from the nuclear reactors in Japan through contact with contaminated products or travelers, or by ingesting contaminated food, even if the exposure is relatively low in level.. There are three simple principles involved in detoxification. The most important is chelation, or the binding and removal of metals and other toxins from the body. Second, the body has its own methods of detoxification which can be encouraged. And third, antioxidants will scour and remove free radicals that have been created by oxidative damage. Everyone can easily take supplements to produce these results and protect the body ...
The spatial structure and local contact network for dihydropteroate synthase (1aj0).(a) The local structure of the catalytic resi
Childrens medical needs differ from those of adults. UF Health strives to provide a healing environment for children of all ages and all levels of health. UF Health Shands Childrens Hospital is located within UF Health Shands Hospital and is the second-largest childrens hospital in Florida. It is the only comprehensive pediatric facility in North Central Florida. For patients, please click the orange button on the right to make an appointment. For Referring Physicans If you are a referring physican, please click here to use our e-referral site to sumbit a patient referral.
Anticipated use of Internet partner notification among men who have sex with men/transgender women in Peru recently diagnosed as having HIV and/or sexually transmitted disease is high and likely to impact the frequency of notification in this population ...
Anticipated use of Internet partner notification among men who have sex with men/transgender women in Peru recently diagnosed as having HIV and/or sexually transmitted disease is high and likely to impact the frequency of notification in this population ...
The initial target markets for our products are the management of psychiatric, cardiovascular, and diabetes medications. The Genomas mission is to be the leading company in DNA-guided medicine by developing a new standard of care using proprietary drug management systems guided by the patients own genome. Our products, PhyzioType Systems, give physicians the ability to personalize clinical management by selecting the drug with the least risk and greatest efficacy. The company has pursued the Drug GPS model through a pipeline of PhyzioType products. The HILOmet PhyzioType System is in the clinical market for qualitative DNA-Guided prescription of neuropsychiatric and cardiometabolic drugs. A next generation of PhyzioType products are in development for quantitative DNA-Guided prescription of antipsychotics (PIMS), statins (SINM), and anti-diabetic drugs (GLIM). Based on our experience with clinical practice and patient referrals, we believe that our products can be readily integrated with ...
Despite some limitations, i.e. 17.2% of contact could not be traced for interviews, our study documents that a high proportion of children living in households with TB patients have a LTBI (31.0%). This finding underlines the crucial importance of contact investigation: i) in filling the gap between expected and diagnosed number of child TB cases; ii) identifying high-priority candidates for treatment of LTBI in Laos [5]. Unlike adults who have a 10-15% chance of developing the disease in their lifetime, contact children are at highest risk of developing overt disease. Previous study showed that up to 50% of infants will develop the disease within 3-9 months of infection and 25% of children 1-5 years of age; 15% of adolescents will develop the disease within 1-2 years of infection [15]. Targeting the 0-5 years old age-group has been recommended particularly for those nations that are unable to implement full-scale contact investigation [5].. About 17.2% of contacts were absent during the survey. ...
In Podcast #64 we speak to Nicole Ananda about surrogate partner therapy, weird masturbation techniques, and premature ejaculation solutions. Come join us!
The TB control program will determine if the employee has latent TB infection or TB disease. Since people with latent TB infection cannot spread TB to others, nothing further will need to be done in the workplace. However, if the employee has active TB disease, the TB control program may start a contact investigation. The investigation will help them find out how the employee may have been exposed to TB and to determine who else might be at risk. During the investigation, the health department will ask the employee about his or her job, such as the work hours, working conditions, and people who work closely with him or her. The TB control program may set up an appointment to talk with you and to tour your workplace. They may also want to talk to people who regularly visit your workplace. Throughout the investigation, they will work with you to make sure that the employees identity is kept confidential. ...
Epidemiological contact tracing complemented with genotyping of clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates is important for understanding disease transmission. In Sweden, tuberculosis (TB) is mostly reported in migrant and homeless where epidemiologic contact tracing could pose a problem. This study compared epidemiologic linking with genotyping in a low burden country. Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates (n = 93) collected at Scania University Hospital in Southern Sweden were analysed with the standard genotyping method mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variable number tandem repeats (MIRU-VNTR) and the results were compared with whole genome sequencing (WGS). Using a maximum of twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as the upper threshold of genomic relatedness noted among hosts, we identified 18 clusters with WGS comprising 52 patients with overall pairwise genetic maximum distances ranging from zero to nine SNPs. MIRU-VNTR and WGS clustered the same isolates, although the ...
Outbreaks of hepatitis A among the homeless populations in San Diego and Santa Cruz counties prompted an alert by Los Angeles County health officials Monday to urge physicians and health care workers to look for and report any confirmed cases.. The alert was issued because the disease has the potential to spread to Los Angeles County, health officials warned.. The outbreaks in San Diego and Santa Cruz counties are among homeless people who may or may not be using drugs and is being spread "person-to-person through close contact or through contact with a fecally contaminated environment," according to the alert.. • RELATED STORY: Where do the homeless sleep? LA County now knows. Its also being found among people who provide services to the homeless population in those counties.. A similar alert was issued by public health officials in Orange County, where one resident developed hepatitis after spending time in San Diego. The man had a history of homelessness.. Los Angeles County health ...
Rates of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis were compared in Kinshasa, Zaire, in 521 household contacts of 74 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-seropositive index patients and in 692 household contacts of 95 HIV-1-seropositive index patients with sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis: No difference was noted between contacts of HIV-1-seropositive and -seronegative patients. The increasing prevalence of M. tuberculosis infection with increasing age was similar in household contacts of seropositive and seronegative patients; by age 16 years, 75% were purified protein derivative-positive. The similarly low rates of M. tuberculosis infection in household contacts of HIV-1-seropositive and -seronegative index patients with sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis indicates that HIV-1-seropositive patients with pulmonary tuberculosis are not more infectious than HIV-1-seronegative patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Serial interferon-gamma release assays after rifampicin prophylaxis in a tuberculosis outbreak. AU - Lee, Seung Heon. AU - Lew, Woo Jin. AU - Kim, Hee Jin. AU - Lee, Hyun Kyung. AU - Lee, Young Min. AU - Cho, Chong Hee. AU - Lee, Eun Joo. AU - Lee, Dong Yeol. AU - Ryu, Sung Weon. AU - Oh, Soo Yeon. AU - Kim, Sin Ok. AU - Shim, Tae Sun. PY - 2010/3/1. Y1 - 2010/3/1. N2 - Even though some studies have reported the results of serial interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) during isoniazid prophylactic treatment, serial results have not been reported after rifampicin prophylaxis. A contact investigation was conducted after a tuberculosis (TB) outbreak in an accommodation facility. The tuberculin skin test (TST) and the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test were performed in 214 contacts with normal chest radiographs. Rifampicin prophylaxis was initiated in TST+/QFT-GIT+ subjects, and the QFT-GIT test was repeated upon completion of 4 months of rifampicin treatment. Among the 214 ...
Contact tracing. Contact tracing is considered important to contain an outbreak. It involves finding everyone who had close ... "What is Contact Tracing?" (PDF). CDC. Centers for Disease Control. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 September 2014. ... Intense contact tracing and strict isolation techniques largely prevented further spread of the disease in the countries that ... "Congo tracing contacts of first Ebola case in eastern city". AP News. Retrieved 17 July 2019.. ...
Australasian contact tracing manual. Specific infections where contact tracing is generally recommended Archived 2011-03-01 at ... the importance of contact tracing in treating STIs was recognized. By tracing the sexual partners of infected individuals, ... Contact tracing continues to be an important measure, even when diseases are incurable, as it helps to contain infection. In ... Both partners can get tested for STIs before initiating sexual contact, or before resuming contact if a partner engaged in ...
Contact tracing is considered important to contain an outbreak. It involves finding everyone who had close contact with ... The medical services include rapid detection of cases of disease, contact tracing of those who have come into contact with ... Then the process is repeated by tracing the contacts' contacts. No specific treatment is currently approved. The Food and Drug ... "What is Contact Tracing?" (PDF). CDC. Centers for Disease Control. Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 September 2014. ...
It is a kind of contact tracing and is considered a partner service. In the UK, partner notification has not played a ... "Contact Tracing Guidelines for the Sexually Transmissible Diseases and Blood Borne Viruses" (PDF). 27 Jan 2005. pp. 5-6. ... Adler, Michael W; Anne M Johnson (May 21, 1988). "Contact tracing for HIV infection" (PDF). British Medical Journal. 296 (6634 ... In Michigan and Indiana, individuals who test positive for HIV are legally obligated to notify past sexual contacts. In Texas ...
Mali contact traced over 100 people who had contact with the child; tracing was completed in mid-November with no further cases ... and 40 volunteers were trained to help with the contact tracing. By 29 October it was thought she had contact with 141 people, ... Contact tracing has been hampered because the imam died two weeks prior to his diagnosis; he was not suspected of having Ebola ... "There is no more contact-tracing ... and there is no suspected case of Ebola," a spokesperson for WHO indicated. In October, ...
It is a form of contact tracing. Partner services are important because in some cases a person's health problems are partially ... after identifying a person who has an STI is to ask that person to identify any sexual partners so that the clinic can contact ...
Contact tracing followed with visitors from affected areas and those attending his funeral. On 1 July a second case was ... The WHO announced the male youth had been in close contact with at least 102 people with no recent history of traveling. ... On 4 April it was reported that 84 individuals were under observation due to contact with the 2 confirmed cases of the virus. ... A total of 97 contacts, including 15 healthcare workers are currently being monitored. The index case of the new flare up was ...
Small world experiment Social network Transmission risks and rates Contact tracing Bugchasing Liljeros, Fredrik; Christofer R. ... "The web of human sexual contacts". Nature. 411: 907-908. doi:10.1038/35082140. PMID 11418846. Rocha, L.E.C.; Fredrik Liljeros; ... the time sequence of sexual contacts is important. ...
Z Launcher emphasizes the use of gestures for navigation; users can search for applications or contacts by tracing letters onto ...
23,0 23,1 23,2 23,3 23,4 Australasian contact tracing manual. Specific infections where contact tracing is generally ... 1970). "An estimate of the risk of men acquiring gonorrhea by sexual contact with infected females" 91 (2): 170-174.. ... "Per-contact probability of HIV transmission in homosexual men in Sydney in the era of HAART". AIDS 24 (6): 907-913. PMC ...
In Bhutan, HIV/AIDS is detections come about primarily through contact tracing and routine medical checks. Urban areas such as ...
The Volksbund is in close contact with other tracing services, e. g. the German Red Cross. Information gathered on occasion of ... These records will be transferred to other tracing institutions in order to identify missing people (for example, by dog tags) ...
"Enhanced contact tracing and spatial tracking of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection by enumeration of antigen-specific T ... 5 mm or more is positive in HIV-positive person Recent contacts of TB case Persons with nodular or fibrotic changes on CXR ... Was in contact with another person with infectious TB Was born or has resided in a high TB prevalence country Is continually ...
9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Australasian contact tracing manual. Specific infections where contact tracing is generally recommended ... "Per-contact probability of HIV transmission in homosexual men in Sydney in the era of HAART". AIDS 24 (6): 907-913. doi ...
... facilitate tracing contacts, oversee case management, administer isolation protocol, and distribute supplies. In addition to ... This process could take up to several years and involves direct contact with corpses. This burial practice perpetuates the ... and many cases were in urban areas where there are more opportunities for contact between people.[15] Panic was reported in the ...
Epidemic models and concepts, such as spreading and contact tracing, have been adapted to be used in network analysis. These ...
Through contact tracing, epidemiologists have identified super-spreaders in measles, tuberculosis, rubella, monkeypox, smallpox ... This causes their contacts to be exposed to higher viral/bacterial loads than would be seen in the contacts of non- ... the number of susceptible contacts declines. Even if susceptible individuals remain, their contacts are likely to be immunized ... R0 = Number of contacts X Shedding potential The individual reproductive number represents the number of secondary infections ...
Contact tracing operations to his relatives showed that there are no indications that other relatives also contracted the virus ... In the successive, DOH tracked the location of the remaining guests through contact tracing, where they found around ten more ... Due to the fact that the first local influenza case in Central Luzon has no history of travel abroad nor close contact with the ... "36 quarantined after contact with H1N1 case". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2 June 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2009 ...
Contact tracing was carried out on the other passengers who traveled on the flight from London to Glasgow with her. Medical ... The Ebola virus can only be transmitted by direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected person while they are ... Personnel in Scotland monitored those whom she had come into contact with, since the virus can be spread through exposure to ...
Contact tracing was carried out on the other passengers who had traveled on the flight from London to Glasgow with her. In ...
Because of enhanced contact tracing and prophylactic treatment, local transmission of the virus was stopped and no other ... On May 24, the first domestic case that became infected with influenza A (H1N1) through close contact with an imported case was ... All passengers seated within three rows of the ill passenger were contacted, given chemoprophylaxis and quarantined. Quarantine ...
One contact point should be the central agency involved in asset tracing and forfeiture. If not, this point of contact must ... they should provide the network with clearly identified national contact point(s). The number of contact points should be the ... In seeking to meet its aim CARIN key objectives is to: establish a network of contact points; focus on the proceeds of all ... One of the recommendations arising in the workshops was to look at the establishment of an informal network of contacts and a ...
The notifiable diseases come under four categories : notifiable, mandatory contact tracing required, dangerous to public health ...
Contact tracing revealed that the man had had prolonged close contact with two colleagues (a 22-year-old man and a 23-year-old ... Contact tracing was complicated by the fact that the country's roads and other infrastructure have been devastated after nearly ... Another risk factor is contact with nonhuman primates, although only one outbreak of MVD (in 1967) was due to contact with ... A close contact of the second confirmed case traveled to Kampala. It is reported that several hundred people may have been ...
This normally starts with a single worker making contact with an individual and tracing its movements, followed by three or ... they break contact and groom themselves. Afterwards they walk around until they make contact with another ant. A meat ant ... Ritualised fighting only occurs with two worker ants who come into contact with each other, but if both ants are from the same ... Eventually, they will break contact and groom once appeasement has been reached and continue to search for another ant. Meat ...
Instead the authors of the research advocated for a strategy of contact tracing that would focus on household members of ... The study found a high incidence of TB rates in the household contacts tested and concluded that household contact ... "Contact Investigation in Households of Patients with Tuberculosis in Hanoi, Vietnam: A Prospective Cohort Study". PLOS ONE. 7: ...
The theme of Orlova's website and YouTube videos, which begin with the tagline "Intelligence is Sexy," is tracing the origins ...
The tracing of Le Bar's contacts included all passengers on the bus trip, including those who boarded or left at stops in seven ... However, no contact with Le Bar had occurred at Bellevue because Acosta was already a patient at Willard Parker when Le Bar was ... The immediate contacts at the hotel included guests still there and those who had checked out starting on the day Le Bar ... All the known contacts of the baby girl and Acosta were also vaccinated. A review of Le Bar's autopsy results and reexamination ...
CDC general principles for COVID and what CDC is doing to support contact tracing. ... Contact Tracing Using Digital Tools pdf icon[2 pages]. *Overview of Contact Tracing: A brief summary of contact tracing and ... Contact Tracing Steps Infographic pdf icon[2 pages]. Training. *CDC-funded Training for the COVID-19 Contact Tracing Workforce ... Contact Tracing - CDCs Role and Approach pdf icon[PDF - 2 pages]. *COVID-19 Contact Tracing Communications Toolkit for Health ...
... contact tracing involves identifying people who have an infectious disease (cases) and people who they came in contact with ( ... For COVID-19, this includes asking people with cases to isolate and their contacts to quarantine at home voluntarily. ... contacts) and working with them to interrupt disease spread. ... Contact tracing is used by health departments to prevent the ... Contact tracing: Public health staff begin contact tracing by notifying exposed people (contacts) of their potential exposure ...
Contact tracing. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1982; 285 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.285.6337.291-c (Published 24 July 1982) Cite ... If you are unable to import citations, please contact technical support for your product directly (links go to external sites): ...
Halo wristbands sell for $100 each and include a Web dashboard reporting system to analyze contact-tracing data, according to ... Care Predict in Plantation, Fla., is one organization that has pivoted to contact tracing. ... like contact tracing, said J.P. Gownder, vice president and principal analyst with Forrester Research in Cambridge, Mass. ... Companies interested in tracing employees COVID-19 exposure also have a growing number of smartphone apps to select from. Such ...
... to notify people when theyve been in contact with someone who is later diagnosed with COVID-19, as reported by Bloomberg. ... The French government has released a contract tracing app, called StopCovid, ... France releases a voluntary contact tracing app. The app supplements existing manual contact tracing efforts. ... StopCovid uses ROBERT, a contact tracing protocol developed by the Pan-European Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing project. ...
New research suggests that app-based contact tracing may help reduce the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 by paving the way for ... is that current approaches to contact tracing take a relatively long time, and the longer contact tracing takes, the more time ... An app-based contact tracing system could make it easier to avoid being in contact with someone who has the SARS-CoV-2 virus.. ... By using a mobile app-based contact tracing method, the authors predict that the authorities could radically reduce the contact ...
Google and Apple just released software to let developers create contact-tracing apps and fight COVID-19. What does this do? We ... Why Might Contact Tracing Not Work Here?. Contact tracing requires knowing whos sick. If its not mandatory to use an app, ... What Is Cell Phone Contact Tracing?. Google and Apple just released software to let developers create contact-tracing apps and ... UK Health Service Rejects Apple-Google Coronavirus Contact Tracing System. *Apple-Google Contact Tracing System to Roll Out ...
1 for airlines to collect contact tracing information from U.S.-bound international passengers, but will not immediately ... 1 for airlines to collect contact tracing information from U.S.-bound international passengers, but will not immediately ... A debate over how data should be collected from passengers in order to quickly identify and contact people exposed to the ... In February, the CDC issued an internal final rule that aimed to require airlines to collect five contact data elements from ...
... a thorough contact tracing would require information regarding casual contacts. Some AIDS activists have argued that contact ... In epidemiology, contact tracing is the identification and diagnosis of people who may have come into contact with an infected ... Contact tracing continues to be an important measure, even when diseases are incurable, as it helps to contain infection. ... Contact tracing and epidemics control in social networks (PDF) Transmission Network Analysis to Complement Routine Tuberculosis ...
Colleen: Contact tracing seems really difficult to me. I mean, Im assuming that means, if somebody has it, you have to figure ... And the reason why we have that so if there are cases, we go out and we start contact tracing and we start interviewing people ... The other tools that we have are, Im sure people have heard of contact tracing, and isolation, and quarantine. And those are ... But really, weve never sort of done contact tracing at this scale so its tricky. And so, thats why people are very ...
... a process of identifying everyone who has come into contact with those infected by a particular disease -- combined with ... Contact tracing -- a process of identifying everyone who has come into contact with those infected by a particular disease -- ... Contact tracing and targeted insecticide spraying can curb dengue outbreaks New approach reduced probability of transmission by ... Contact Tracing and Targeted Insecticide Spraying Can Curb Dengue Outbreaks (IMAGE) view more ...
A contact tracing team identified cases, conducted home visits, symptom-screened contacts and referred those with ≥1 TB ... OBJECTIVE: To determine the yield of contact tracing in household contacts of pediatric TB index cases in Botswana.. DESIGN: ... contacts/new cases) was 46. CONCLUSION: This yield of contact tracing using pediatric index cases is similar to the traditional ... SETTING: Contact tracing using pediatric index cases has not been adequately investigated in high tuberculosis (TB) and human ...
We have two reports: one on contact tracing and the other on masks. We also take a look at how the coronavirus economy has ...
Unique Bluetooth contact tracing card: first line of defence against potential new COVID-19 outbreaks Fast, simple and secure ... We anticipate wide demand for the card-to-card contact tracing kits. Priority will be given to those industries offering ... and companies across the USA are invited to trial an innovative contact tracing solution. ... stand-alone card-to-card based contact tracing system that uses Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE). ...
... contact tracing - Raising our voices to improve health around the world. ...
You can also place yourself on a register to allow birth relatives to contact you if you wish. ... Help with tracing - contact details. Anyone wishing to trace a birth relative should contact their local Health and Social Care ... Tracing and contacting birth relatives and adopted adults. If you were adopted in Northern Ireland, you can apply for your ... contact the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA), Swansea. *Driver licensing and tests, MOT and vehicle testing. contact ...
2020)‎. Contact tracing for tuberculosis, Thailand. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 98 (‎3)‎, 212 - 218. World ...
Overall Training Goal: After completing all training below, learners should be able to conduct contact tracing according to the ... Target Audience: Community health workers or volunteers with little or no experience conducting contact tracing. View training ... www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/php/contact-tracing/index.html ... US CDC COVID-19 Contact Tracing Training. Partner Guidance: ... helpful for state and local public health jurisdictions to consider when designing their own training plan for COVID-19 contact ...
"We strongly support the value of contact tracing and its central importance in safely allowing Canada to return to normal as ... As COVID-19 contact-tracing apps could be deployed across Canada, a critical question emerges. ... "Were recommending 10 key principles that should be followed for the development and deployment of any contact-tracing app," ... "As it stands, Canadian jurisdictions are using contact-tracing apps without sufficient technical review by independent security ...
WHO Says Ebola Goals Largely Met In Liberia, Guinea; Sierra Leone Needs Additional Isolation Beds; Contact Tracing Critical ... Ebola Outbreak In Remote DRC Poses Challenges In Contact Tracing, Prevention Efforts, WHO Says ...
... and initiation of contact tracing is the responsibility of the diagnosing clinician. Research has shown that some general ... Contact tracing of sexual partners is an important part of the clinical management of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) ... Methods of contact tracing. Contact tracing begins with a conversation with the index patient about informing their partners.6 ... Discussing contact tracing with patients. When discussing contact tracing with patients it is important to cover the reasons ...
The study authors sought to explore the factors around and the success of contact-tracing in a recent major outbreak of ... The Characterization of a Recent Syphilis Outbreak in Sheffield, U.K., and an Evaluation of Contact Tracing as a Method of ... The study authors sought to explore the factors around and the success of contact-tracing in a recent major outbreak of ... "Our traditional method of control, contact-tracing, was seen to be most effective in the spread network in heterosexuals," the ...
Retrospective public health investigation and contact tracing led to the identification of 8 additional confirmed cases among ... First, contact tracing was limited to close contacts of case-patient 1. Second, not all rear-cabin passengers were tested or ... Contact Tracing for Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Virus-infected Passenger on International Flight On This Page ... We describe the contact-tracing investigation of passengers on the flight and estimate the risk for transmission of A(H1N1) ...
Retrospective public health investigation and contact tracing led to the identification of 8 additional confirmed cases among ... Contact Tracing for Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Virus-infected Passenger on International Flight Ananda G. Shankar, Kulsum ... Contact Tracing for Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Virus-infected Passenger on International Flight. ... Characteristics were determined during flight-related contact tracing. NA, not applicable.. †Case-patient 1, the index patient ...
We employed a multi-type stochastic epidemic model, aiming to assess the feasibility of contact tracing and case isolation in a ... vaccinated cases compared to unvaccinated during the early stage of an epidemic so that the feasibility of contact tracing and ... one should consider the way to empirically quantify the delay in case detection and an increase in the frequency of contacts ... While contact tracing and case isolation are considered as the first choice of interventions against a smallpox bioterrorist ...
  • SYDNEY , June 15, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Best practice in the era of COVID-19 relies upon the timely and trusted application of outbreak management protocols, and companies across the USA are invited to trial an innovative contact tracing solution. (prnewswire.com)
  • 2020)‎. Contact tracing for tuberculosis, Thailand. (who.int)
  • This definition is consistent with World Health Organization guidance for post-flight influenza contact tracing ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The WHO country office continues to overcome these barriers by ensuring physical presence of contact tracers and other categories of health care workers on the ground who are the essential components of any surveillance and response system of a country for containing this unprecedented epidemic. (who.int)
  • A total of 463 HIV-infected individuals were newly identified during the study period, including 338 cases who were identified from routine surveillance programs and 125 cases who were identified from the present contact tracing survey. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Notification of tuberculosis is required for surveillance and to initiate contact tracing (where appropriate). (bmj.com)
  • India's contact tracing app made open source, but will this thwart a surveillance state? (linux.com)
  • To date, active surveillance activities have identified no new suspected cases and all contacts of the deceased have remained well. (who.int)
  • As this is a rapidly changing situation, the number of reported cases and deaths, contacts under medical observation and the number of laboratory results are subject to change due to enhanced surveillance and contact tracing activities, ongoing laboratory investigations and consolidation of case, contact and laboratory data. (who.int)
  • Commenting on this massive operations, Dr Mamunur Rahman Malik, WHO Representative in Somalia, remarked, "We can only end this pandemic if we can end it in settings like Somalia, where our operational challenges in conducting house-to house case searching and contact tracing in remote, in accessible and security-compromised areas are a huge undertaking. (who.int)
  • Legal experts say using wearables to encourage physical distancing or to contact trace creates potential privacy and legal issues that human resources leaders and their legal counsel should address before deploying the devices. (shrm.org)
  • The authors use this information to propose a mobile app-based tracing system that could play a significant part in reducing the spread of the virus and enabling people to spend as little time social distancing as possible. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When measures are taken by the competent authorities of Member States to trace persons who have been exposed to a source of infectious agents and who have developed or are in danger of developing a communicable disease of Community relevance ('contact tracing'), personal data may sometimes be exchanged within the EWRS. (europa.eu)
  • To prevent the further spread of disease, people who had contact with someone with COVID-19 are encouraged to stay home and maintain social distance (at least 6 feet) from others until 14 days after their last exposure to a person with COVID-19. (cdc.gov)
  • Public health staff begin contact tracing by notifying exposed people (contacts) of their potential exposure as rapidly and sensitively as possible, not revealing the infected patient's identity. (cdc.gov)
  • Contacts are encouraged to stay home, monitor their health, and maintain social distance (at least 6 feet) from others until 14 days after their last exposure to the infected patient, in case they also become ill. (cdc.gov)
  • Companies interested in tracing employees' COVID-19 exposure also have a growing number of smartphone apps to select from. (shrm.org)
  • The researchers found that spraying in potential exposure locations identified through contact tracing reduced the probability of dengue transmission by at least 86 percent compared to those areas of potential exposure that health officials were not able to spray. (eurekalert.org)
  • We quantitatively investigated the epidemiological value of location-based contact tracing (identifying potential out-of-home exposure locations by phone interviews) to infer transmission foci where high-quality insecticide applications can be targeted. (sciencemag.org)
  • Identify contacts by interviewing patient or other informants Monitor contacts with high- or low-risk exposures for 21 days following last exposure b. (studylib.net)
  • Active monitoring Monitor contacts with high- or low-risk exposures for 21 days following last exposure 2. (studylib.net)
  • All close contacts should be monitored for 21 days following their last known exposure to the case, and be isolated if they become ill. (who.int)
  • Contact tracing was used to gather data on rabies exposures, post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) delivered and deaths in two rural districts in northwestern Tanzania from 2002 to 2006. (plos.org)
  • We established a 5-year contact-tracing study in northwest Tanzania to investigate risk factors associated with rabies exposure and to determine why human deaths from canine rabies still occur. (plos.org)
  • Staff notify these contacts of their possible exposure and help them understand next steps to prevent further spread of the disease. (lakecountyil.gov)
  • Personnel in Scotland monitored those whom she had come into contact with, since the virus can be spread through exposure to the infected person's body fluids, though they said the risk was likely to be small. (wikipedia.org)
  • The contact tracers rely on doctors to notify them when a patient has been diagnosed. (engadget.com)
  • Developed by the US CDC, this document contains a sample training plan including training topics that may be helpful for state and local public health jurisdictions to consider when designing their own training plan for COVID-19 contact tracers. (who.int)
  • PCHD says 300 to 400 contact tracers will be needed due to the recent surge in cases. (kold.com)
  • When a Lake County resident tests positive for COVID-19, contact tracers from the Lake County Health Department reach out to the infected person to provide information and support, and to identify others who may have had contact with the positive case. (lakecountyil.gov)
  • Our findings provide strong evidence for the effectiveness of combining contact tracing with residual spraying within a developed urban center, and should be directly applicable to areas with similar characteristics (for example, southern USA, Europe, or Caribbean countries) that need to control localized Aedes -borne virus transmission or to protect pregnant women's homes in areas with active Zika transmission. (sciencemag.org)
  • In light of the findings, we recommend the CI be considered as an alternative to the typical contact tracing interview, particularly if the interviewee is not cognitively impaired. (fiu.edu)
  • While total lockdowns are one way to do that, South Korea and China have dramatically reduced infections in part by contact tracing, the practice of tracking those with whom infected people have come into contact. (pcmag.com)
  • Contact tracing of sexual partners is an important part of the clinical management of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and initiation of contact tracing is the responsibility of the diagnosing clinician. (racgp.org.au)
  • She explains that both of these infections have been treated but that sexual contacts will need treatment too. (racgp.org.au)
  • Partly based on this report, the government has recommended police enforcement to be removed from the legislation as a tool for contact tracing in chlamydial infections. (diva-portal.org)
  • Contact tracing is useful for identifying new HIV infections from spouses or long term sexual partners of HIV-infected individuals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, few studies using contact tracing strategy for identifying new HIV infections in China have been reported in the English literature. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Contact tracing is used by health departments to prevent the spread of infectious disease. (cdc.gov)
  • To stem the spread of infectious diseases, epidemiologists use contact tracing interviews to identify individuals who may need treatment or, if indicated, quarantine or isolation. (fiu.edu)
  • This tool traces individuals who've come into contact with someone infected by COVID-19, which could help us finally emerge from lockdown. (seeker.com)
  • Buoyed by the release of the Apple-Google framework for contact tracing, many countries, including Italy and Switzerland , have released contact tracing apps in the last few weeks. (engadget.com)
  • Google and Apple just released software to let developers create contact-tracing apps and fight COVID-19. (pcmag.com)
  • Apple and Google just released APIs for contact-tracing apps, which now need to be developed by third parties and opted into by users. (pcmag.com)
  • Bluetooth-based contact-tracing apps such as Singapore's TraceTogether rely on phones running the app in the background, searching for nearby Bluetooth devices also running the app-that's how Apple's AirDrop works . (pcmag.com)
  • In response, many governments have shown great interest in smartphone contact tracing apps that help automate the difficult task of tracing all recent contacts of newly identified infected individuals. (cdc.gov)
  • In general, contact tracing involves identifying people who have an infectious disease (cases) and people who they came in contact with (contacts) and working with them to interrupt disease spread. (cdc.gov)
  • Contact tracing is a core disease control activity. (cdc.gov)
  • As a consequence, the authors suggest that a mobile app-based contact tracing system would radically reduce the amount of time it takes to identify people who have come into contact with the person who has developed the disease COVID-19. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Contact tracing -- a process of identifying everyone who has come into contact with those infected by a particular disease -- combined with targeted, indoor spraying of insecticide can greatly reduce the spread of the mosquito-borne dengue virus, finds a study led by Emory University researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). (eurekalert.org)
  • Contact tracing is finding out all the people who have come into direct contact with a person infected with a disease. (dictionary.com)
  • Quarantining such people (known as contacts ) and isolating them, if they become infected, helps slow the spread of the disease. (dictionary.com)
  • It's no easy task even during small outbreaks - people who had physical contact with someone with an infectious disease are called or visited every day by a public health worker. (caitlinrivers.com)
  • This paper also discusses the utility of device graphs for i) contact tracing, ii) prediction of `hot spots', iii) simulation of infectious disease spread, and iv) delivery of advertisement-based warnings to potentially exposed individuals. (cdc.gov)
  • This is a retrospective review of TB contact tracing outcomes at one of the busiest TB clinics in Australia, measured against the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention performance indicators. (bmj.com)
  • We employed a multi-type stochastic epidemic model, aiming to assess the feasibility of contact tracing and case isolation in a partially vaccinated population and identify data gaps. (mdpi.com)
  • We collected laboratory data from the past 10 years on all Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg), and Core Antibody (total HBcAb) testing requests, to assess the uptake and efficacy of contact-tracing amongst those with HBV. (bmj.com)
  • To assess TB transmission from a sputum smear-negative pulmonary TB case, the contacts of a 15-year-old Iranian girl diagnosed with smear-negative TB in 2010 were traced. (who.int)
  • Our aim is to assess factors associated with the degree of compliance with the main recommendations made to contacts of TB cases as part of the contact tracing programme, and to identify factors associated with non‐compliance. (ua.es)
  • Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess the TB contact tracing programme at a Spanish hospital over the period 1998‐2013. (ua.es)
  • Methods We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of data collected on TB index cases and contacts in the London TB register and an economic evaluation using a static model describing contact tracing outcomes. (bmj.com)
  • We performed a retrospective study among contacts ( N = 481) of all PTB cases diagnosed between March 2011 and May 2014 ( N = 76). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Background In January 2016, clinical TB guidance in the UK changed to no longer recommend screening contacts of non-pulmonary, non-laryngeal (ETB) index cases. (bmj.com)
  • The HaMagen app in Israel checks your phone's GPS history against a central government database of anonymized GPS coordinates, which the health ministry built using more traditional contact-tracing methods. (pcmag.com)
  • Initiating contact tracing in general practice can be particularly effective if the resources and methods are tailored to the specific needs of the index patient. (racgp.org.au)
  • LTBI was diagnosed in 24.1% of contacts tested with TST while active TB was diagnosed in 2.1% of contacts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We found a high prevalence of active TB and LTBI among contacts of PTB cases in the Syrian refugee population, emphasizing the urgent need for host countries to implement CT strategies for refugees. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Among 57 close contacts of 16 sputum smear-positive TB cases, the elicitation, evaluation, initiation of LTBI treatment and completion rates were 93%, 86%, 14% and 100%, and among 114 close contacts of 37 sputum smear-negative pulmonary TB cases 81%, 83%, 16% and 89%, respectively. (bmj.com)
  • Apart from young children, LTBI treatment was inconsistently initiated in household TB contacts. (bmj.com)
  • 2 3 Both the 'End TB Strategy' and the 'Low-incidence country action framework' highlight contact tracing and LTBI treatment as key steps towards ending the TB epidemic. (bmj.com)
  • If you are diagnosed with COVID-19, a public health worker may call you to check-in on your health, discuss who you've been in contact with, and ask where you spent time while you may have been infectious and able to spread COVID-19 to others. (cdc.gov)
  • The French government has released a contract tracing app, called StopCovid, to notify people when they've been in contact with someone who is later diagnosed with COVID-19, as reported by Bloomberg . (engadget.com)
  • The new approach of using contact tracing to identify houses for targeted insecticide spraying was between 86 and 96 percent effective in controlling dengue fever during the Cairns outbreak, research shows. (eurekalert.org)
  • The study authors sought to explore the factors around and the success of contact-tracing in a recent major outbreak of infectious syphilis in Sheffield, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this standard control strategy. (thebody.com)
  • The participants are now better equipped to detect and report on a timely manner on any person who might have been in contact with another person who may have been infected during an outbreak. (who.int)
  • Imperfect contact tracing is a huge challenge for this outbreak, and one that seriously limits our ability to achieve effective control. (caitlinrivers.com)
  • This article outlines new resources and evidence to assist GPs to initiate contact tracing when a patient is diagnosed with an STI. (racgp.org.au)
  • The devices also register direct contact to help identify exposed employees if a worker becomes symptomatic or tests positive for COVID-19. (shrm.org)
  • To the participants, she further admonished them to spread the knowledge they acquired, because it was intended to them to identify people in their respective communities, who comes in direct contact with the sick. (liberianobserver.com)
  • We identified address and postcode data from hospital and community-based testing requests (excluding anonymised GUM data) to identify those individuals who had undergone household contact-testing for HBV. (bmj.com)
  • Although there are data-deficits to using recorded laboratory data, it provides a readily available and reproducible format to identify and monitor regional contact-testing practice. (bmj.com)
  • Identify contacts by interviewing patient or other informants b. (studylib.net)
  • A report is provided of a contact investigation conducted in rural South Carolina to identify, counsel, and educate men infected with or exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). (georgetown.edu)
  • Overall Training Goal: After completing all training below, learners should be able to conduct contact tracing according to the established protocol. (who.int)
  • The training included how to wash hands using soap and water, how to look for suspected cases and how to conduct contact tracing systematically. (who.int)
  • The WHO country office in support of this intensified response operations has deployed over 4000 community health care workers, each having to visit at least 5000 households every month for active case identification and contact tracing throughout the country. (who.int)
  • This includes asking people with COVID-19 to isolate and their contacts to quarantine at home voluntarily. (cdc.gov)
  • Tuberculosis was detected in 4.8% (58 of 1200) contacts of smear-positive patients in Chiang Rai in 2003. (who.int)
  • Our results underscore the vulnerability of U5s and contacts of smear-positive IC highlighting the need for specific actions focusing on those groups. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Public health staff work with a patient to help them recall everyone they have had close contact with during the time they may have been infectious. (cdc.gov)
  • Contact tracing begins with a conversation with the index patient about informing their sexual partner(s). (racgp.org.au)
  • The patient can then decide to inform their own contacts (patient referral) or organise for someone else to inform them (provider referral). (racgp.org.au)
  • By using information from the airline's passenger manifest, we identified close contacts of case-patient 1. (cdc.gov)
  • Close contacts were defined as passengers seated in the same row as or in the 2 rows in front of or behind the row in which case-patient 1 sat. (cdc.gov)
  • And to help you to watch them for sign of illness for 21 days from the last day they come into contact with the patient. (liberianobserver.com)
  • The Self-Study Modules are a series of 4 modules, including an overview of the TB interview for contact investigations, basics of communication and patient education, cultural competency, and special interview circumstances. (cdc.gov)
  • The Effective TB Interviewing for Contact Investigations Materials include a Facilitator-Led Training Guide, Self-Study Modules, and a Video. (cdc.gov)
  • The goal of this presentation is to help secure complete and successful contact investigations. (cdc.gov)
  • The 50-minute webinar provides an overview of contact investigations, as well as information on available resources. (cdc.gov)
  • However, the expectation and responsibility for contact tracing in chronic HBV lies predominately with primary care, with no formal implementation strategy or monitoring system in place. (bmj.com)
  • It outlines key elements and actions to establish a nationwide contact tracing system, as well as its implementation and quality assurance at national and subnational levels. (who.int)
  • Contact tracing, combined with targeted, indoor residual spraying of insecticide, can greatly reduce the spread of the mosquito-borne dengue virus, finds a study led by Emory University. (emory.edu)
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the yield of contact tracing in household contacts of pediatric TB index cases in Botswana. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The objective of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of screening contacts of adult ETB cases and adult pulmonary or laryngeal TB (PTB) cases in London, UK. (bmj.com)
  • Rationale, aims, and objective: Contact tracing and screening is an essential strategy in tuberculosis (TB) control. (ua.es)
  • CONCLUSION: This yield of contact tracing using pediatric index cases is similar to the traditional adult index case approach. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Conclusion NICE public health recommendations were issued in late 2012 to guide HBV testing practice, but its uptake is thought to be poor, and our data highlights the deficits that exist in contact-tracing, with close to 70% of household-contacts not offered testing. (bmj.com)
  • Most STIs are diagnosed in general practice so the involvement of GPs in contact tracing is crucial. (racgp.org.au)
  • While usually spread by sex, some STIs can be spread by non-sexual contact with donor tissue, blood, breastfeeding, or during childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Care Predict in Plantation, Fla., is one organization that has pivoted to contact tracing. (shrm.org)
  • Care Predict began as a company that conducts in-home monitoring for seniors and now has devices that allow nursing home facilities to do comprehensive contact tracing,' Gownder said. (shrm.org)
  • By using a mobile app-based contact tracing method, the authors predict that the authorities could radically reduce the contact tracing time. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • We have two reports: one on contact tracing and the other on masks. (rollcall.com)
  • Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia combined have accumulated well over 30,000 contacts, each of which needs to be followed daily for 21 days. (caitlinrivers.com)
  • When we compare the total number of contacts currently under follow up to the total number of contacts seen in the last 24 hours, we see both Sierra Leone and Liberia seem to be doing well keeping up with the increasing demand. (caitlinrivers.com)
  • The cumulative sum of the number of contacts found ill is over 1,000 in Sierra Leone alone. (caitlinrivers.com)
  • Contact tracing should be considered for contacts of all children with symptomatic pulmonary TB, even those who are smear-negative. (who.int)
  • Halo wristbands sell for $100 each and include a Web dashboard reporting system to analyze contact-tracing data, according to the Proxxi website. (shrm.org)
  • Presently being piloted across the Asia-Pacific , Contact Harald http://contactharald.com/bus-health is an app-free, wearable, stand-alone card-to-card based contact tracing system that uses Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE). (prnewswire.com)
  • Currently establishing a 'quick start' system, the Contact Harald local support team can supply kits of firmware-loaded cards/lanyards, onboarding/uploading videos plus seven-day software access to interested businesses. (prnewswire.com)
  • A robust, integrated, nationwide contact tracing system is critical to support social and economic revival under the "new normal", by quickly breaking the chains of transmission. (who.int)
  • It's possible that the Liberia Ministry of Health is reporting cumulative lost contacts, and continually revising up and down as previously lost contacts re-enter the system. (caitlinrivers.com)
  • These may include, but not exclusively so, contact-tracing to interrupt transmission by case-finding and by treatment. (thebody.com)
  • It is a very important to construct more Treatment Units (ETUs), but you also have to concentrate on the exercise of contact tracing. (liberianobserver.com)
  • 3 - 5 Contact persons should have access to quality and rapid tuberculosis diagnosis, treatment and prevention services. (who.int)
  • All sexual contacts within the past three months (or last contact if greater than three months ago) should be traced and advised to seek testing and/or treatment. (bpac.org.nz)
  • A spreadsheet-based tool that allows state- and local-level public health officials and policy makers to compare between three different contact tracing/monitoring strategies. (cdc.gov)
  • If you have been in close contact with someone who has COVID-19, a public health worker might contact you to inform you that you've been exposed to COVID-19. (cdc.gov)
  • Contact tracing is an old practice, and a well-known part of the anti-virus public health cocktail. (pcmag.com)
  • Contact tracing is a classic public health intervention. (caitlinrivers.com)
  • Fast, simple and secure: Contact Harald prioritizes access to American essential service industries for wearable hardware based 'best practice' card-to-card contact tracing platform. (prnewswire.com)
  • PWE-118 Hepatitis b testing practice: how widespread is household contact tracing? (bmj.com)
  • StopCovid uses ROBERT, a contact tracing protocol developed by the Pan-European Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing project. (engadget.com)
  • Bomi County surprises me though, because it has just 85 cumulative confirmed, suspected and probable cases, and a cumulative total of 357 contacts. (caitlinrivers.com)
  • With Contact Harald , 'trace, test and isolate' actions can be undertaken immediately, without having to wait days or weeks trying to manually track down contacts. (prnewswire.com)
  • The provisions of this instrument ensure personal data protection when contact tracing is undertaken on a European scale. (europa.eu)
  • Wearable-device providers have developed solutions that can help employees social distance … as well as provide analytical data, like contact tracing,' said J.P. Gownder, vice president and principal analyst with Forrester Research in Cambridge, Mass. (shrm.org)
  • News-Medical spoke to Lewis Spurgin about a new study that looked at 'real world' movement data and social contact to understand the spread of COVID-19. (news-medical.net)
  • When exchanging personal data the Member States concerned by contact tracing must use a selective communication channel. (europa.eu)
  • An indicative list of personal data has been established specifically for contact tracing. (europa.eu)