The fundamental principles and laws adopted by an organization for the regulation and governing of its affairs.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people of KOREA.
A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)
Particular categories of body build, determined on the basis of certain physical characteristics. The three basic body types are ectomorph (thin physique), endomorph (rounded physique), and mesomorph (athletic physique).
The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.
The vital life force in the body, supposedly able to be regulated by acupuncture. It corresponds roughly to the Greek pneuma, the Latin spiritus, and the ancient Indian prana. The concept of life-breath or vital energy was formulated as an indication of the awareness of man, originally directed externally toward nature or society but later turned inward to the self or life within. (From Comparison between Concepts of Life-Breath in East and West, 15th International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine - East and West, August 26-September 3, 1990, Shizuoka, Japan, pp. ix-x)
Abnormal number or structure of the SEX CHROMOSOMES. Some sex chromosome aberrations are associated with SEX CHROMOSOME DISORDERS and SEX CHROMOSOME DISORDERS OF SEX DEVELOPMENT.
In Chinese philosophy and religion, two principles, one negative, dark, and feminine (yin) and one positive, bright, and masculine (yang), from whose interaction all things are produced and all things are dissolved. As a concept the two polar elements referred originally to the shady and sunny sides of a valley or a hill but it developed into the relationship of any contrasting pair: those specified above (female-male, etc.) as well as cold-hot, wet-dry, weak-strong, etc. It is not a distinct system of thought by itself but permeates Chinese life and thought. A balance of yin and yang is essential to health. A deficiency of either principle can manifest as disease. (Encyclopedia Americana)
Abnormal genetic constitution in males characterized by an extra Y chromosome.
The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
The chromosomal constitution of a cell containing multiples of the normal number of CHROMOSOMES; includes triploidy (symbol: 3N), tetraploidy (symbol: 4N), etc.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The small pointed seeds are grown for hay in North America and western Europe and important as food in China and other Asian countries.
The male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans and in some other male-heterogametic species in which the homologue of the X chromosome has been retained.
The occurrence in an individual of two or more cell populations of different chromosomal constitutions, derived from a single ZYGOTE, as opposed to CHIMERISM in which the different cell populations are derived from more than one zygote.
Systematic physical exercise. This includes calisthenics, a system of light gymnastics for promoting strength and grace of carriage.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
A type of defective gonadal development in patients with a wide spectrum of chromosomal mosaic variants. Their karyotypes are of partial sex chromosome monosomy resulting from an absence or an abnormal second sex chromosome (X or Y). Karyotypes include 45,X/46,XX; 45,X/46,XX/47,XXX; 46,XXp-; 45,X/46,XY; 45,X/47,XYY; 46,XYpi; etc. The spectrum of phenotypes may range from phenotypic female to phenotypic male including variations in gonads and internal and external genitalia, depending on the ratio in each gonad of 45,X primordial germ cells to those with normal 46,XX or 46,XY constitution.
Abnormal number or structure of chromosomes. Chromosome aberrations may result in CHROMOSOME DISORDERS.
The female sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and all female gametes in human and other male-heterogametic species.
A form of male HYPOGONADISM, characterized by the presence of an extra X CHROMOSOME, small TESTES, seminiferous tubule dysgenesis, elevated levels of GONADOTROPINS, low serum TESTOSTERONE, underdeveloped secondary sex characteristics, and male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE). Patients tend to have long legs and a slim, tall stature. GYNECOMASTIA is present in many of the patients. The classic form has the karyotype 47,XXY. Several karyotype variants include 48,XXYY; 48,XXXY; 49,XXXXY, and mosaic patterns ( 46,XY/47,XXY; 47,XXY/48,XXXY, etc.).
A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei.
The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.
Very long DNA molecules and associated proteins, HISTONES, and non-histone chromosomal proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE). Normally 46 chromosomes, including two sex chromosomes are found in the nucleus of human cells. They carry the hereditary information of the individual.
The chromosomal constitution of cells which deviate from the normal by the addition or subtraction of CHROMOSOMES, chromosome pairs, or chromosome fragments. In a normally diploid cell (DIPLOIDY) the loss of a chromosome pair is termed nullisomy (symbol: 2N-2), the loss of a single chromosome is MONOSOMY (symbol: 2N-1), the addition of a chromosome pair is tetrasomy (symbol: 2N+2), the addition of a single chromosome is TRISOMY (symbol: 2N+1).
In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
The genetic process of crossbreeding between genetically dissimilar parents to produce a hybrid.
Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.
The degree of replication of the chromosome set in the karyotype.
Staining of bands, or chromosome segments, allowing the precise identification of individual chromosomes or parts of chromosomes. Applications include the determination of chromosome rearrangements in malformation syndromes and cancer, the chemistry of chromosome segments, chromosome changes during evolution, and, in conjunction with cell hybridization studies, chromosome mapping.
The possession of a third chromosome of any one type in an otherwise diploid cell.
A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.
The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms at various stages during GAMETOGENESIS.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented once. Symbol: N.

Do Fourteenth Amendment considerations outweigh a potential state interest in mandating cochlear implantation for deaf children? (1/10)

Currently, the decision concerning pediatric cochlear implantation for children remains a personal choice for parents to make. Economic factors, educational outcomes, and societal attitudes concerning deafness could result in an increased governmental interest in this choice. This article examines case law related to the issue of parental autonomy to determine whether the state, acting in the role of parens patriae, could use economic and social reasons to mandate the provision of cochlear implants for all eligible children. The author uses previous cases as a framework to develop an opinion on whether a constitutional protection for parents may exist.  (+info)

Biometrics between opacity and transparency. (2/10)

The overall aim of the democratic constitutional state is to protect a social order in which the individual liberty of the citizen is a major concern. As a consequence the democratic constitutional state should guarantee simultaneously and paradoxically a high level of individual freedom and an order in which such freedom is made possible and guaranteed. Biometrics provide a strong and expressive example both of the necessity to address the issue of opacity and transparency and the complexity of the process. Indeed, the large scale use of biometrics does not only question the position of the individual in society, but it also alters the architecture or nature of this society as such.  (+info)

Dilemmas of the institutionalization of social policies in twenty years of the Brazilian Constitution of 1988. (3/10)

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Social protection in Brazil: what has changed in social assistance after the 1988 Constitution. (4/10)

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The Brazilian health system between norms and facts: mitigated universalization and subsidized stratification. (5/10)

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State responsibility and right to health in Brazil: a balance of the Branches' actions. (6/10)

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Praying with a patient constitutes a breach of professional boundaries in psychiatric practice. (7/10)

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Medical staff appointment and delineation of pediatric privileges in hospitals. (8/10)

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Types of Sex Chromosome Aberrations:

1. Turner Syndrome: A condition where a female has only one X chromosome instead of two (45,X).
2. Klinefelter Syndrome: A condition where a male has an extra X chromosome (47,XXY) or an extra Y chromosome (47,XYYY).
3. XXX Syndrome: A rare condition where a female has three X chromosomes instead of two.
4. XYY Syndrome: A rare condition where a male has an extra Y chromosome (48,XYY).
5. Mosaicism: A condition where a person has a mixture of cells with different numbers of sex chromosomes.

Effects of Sex Chromosome Aberrations:

Sex chromosome aberrations can cause a range of physical and developmental abnormalities, such as short stature, infertility, and reproductive problems. They may also increase the risk of certain health conditions, including:

1. Congenital heart defects
2. Cognitive impairments
3. Learning disabilities
4. Developmental delays
5. Increased risk of infections and autoimmune disorders

Diagnosis of Sex Chromosome Aberrations:

Sex chromosome aberrations can be diagnosed through various methods, including:

1. Karyotyping: A test that involves analyzing the number and structure of an individual's chromosomes.
2. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH): A test that uses fluorescent probes to detect specific DNA sequences on chromosomes.
3. Chromosomal microarray analysis: A test that looks for changes in the number or structure of chromosomes by analyzing DNA from blood or other tissues.
4. Next-generation sequencing (NGS): A test that analyzes an individual's entire genome to identify specific genetic variations, including sex chromosome aberrations.

Treatment and Management of Sex Chromosome Aberrations:

There is no cure for sex chromosome aberrations, but there are various treatments and management options available to help alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life. These may include:

1. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT): To address hormonal imbalances and related symptoms.
2. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART): Such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), to help individuals with infertility or pregnancy complications.
3. Prenatal testing: To identify sex chromosome aberrations in fetuses, allowing parents to make informed decisions about their pregnancies.
4. Counseling and support: To help individuals and families cope with the emotional and psychological impact of a sex chromosome abnormality diagnosis.
5. Surgeries or other medical interventions: To address related health issues, such as infertility, reproductive tract abnormalities, or genital ambiguity.

It's important to note that each individual with a sex chromosome aberration may require a unique treatment plan tailored to their specific needs and circumstances. A healthcare provider can work with the individual and their family to develop a personalized plan that takes into account their medical, emotional, and social considerations.

In conclusion, sex chromosome aberrations are rare genetic disorders that can have significant implications for an individual's physical, emotional, and social well-being. While there is no cure for these conditions, advances in diagnostic testing and treatment options offer hope for improving the lives of those affected. With proper medical care, support, and understanding, individuals with sex chromosome aberrations can lead fulfilling lives.

People with XYY karyotype may experience a range of physical and developmental symptoms, including:

* Delayed speech and language development
* Learning disabilities
* Behavioral problems such as ADHD
* Short stature
* Increased risk of infertility or low sperm count
* Other health problems such as heart defects or eye abnormalities

The XYY karyotype is usually diagnosed through chromosomal analysis, which can be performed on a blood sample or other tissue sample. The condition is relatively rare, occurring in less than 1% of the male population.

There is no specific treatment for XYY karyotype, but individuals with the condition may benefit from early intervention and special education services to address any developmental delays or learning disabilities. In some cases, hormone therapy or other medical treatments may be recommended to address related health issues.

Polyploidy is a condition where an organism has more than two sets of chromosomes, which are the thread-like structures that carry genetic information. It can occur in both plants and animals, although it is relatively rare in most species. In humans, polyploidy is extremely rare and usually occurs as a result of errors during cell division or abnormal fertilization.

In medicine, polyploidy is often used to describe certain types of cancer, such as breast cancer or colon cancer, that have extra sets of chromosomes. This can lead to the development of more aggressive and difficult-to-treat tumors.

However, not all cases of polyploidy are cancerous. Some individuals with Down syndrome, for example, have an extra copy of chromosome 21, which is a non-cancerous form of polyploidy. Additionally, some people may be born with extra copies of certain genes or chromosomal regions due to errors during embryonic development, which can lead to various health problems but are not cancerous.

Overall, the term "polyploidy" in medicine is used to describe any condition where an organism has more than two sets of chromosomes, regardless of whether it is cancerous or non-cancerous.

Turner syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in every 2,500 to 3,000 live female births and is more common in girls born to older mothers. The symptoms of Turner syndrome can vary widely and may include:

* Short stature and delayed growth and development
* Infertility or lack of menstruation (amenorrhea)
* Heart defects, such as a narrowed aorta or a hole in the heart
* Eye problems, such as cataracts, glaucoma, or crossed eyes
* Hearing loss or deafness
* Bone and joint problems, such as scoliosis or clubfoot
* Cognitive impairments, including learning disabilities and memory problems
* Delayed speech and language development
* Poor immune function, leading to recurrent infections

Turner syndrome is usually diagnosed at birth or during childhood, based on physical characteristics such as short stature, low muscle tone, or heart defects. Chromosomal analysis can also confirm the diagnosis.

There is no cure for Turner syndrome, but treatment can help manage the symptoms and improve quality of life. Hormone replacement therapy may be used to stimulate growth and development in children, while adults with the condition may require ongoing hormone therapy to maintain bone density and prevent osteoporosis. Surgery may be necessary to correct heart defects or other physical abnormalities. Speech and language therapy can help improve communication skills, and cognitive training may be beneficial for learning disabilities.

The long-term outlook for individuals with Turner syndrome varies depending on the severity of the condition and the presence of any additional health problems. With proper medical care and support, many women with Turner syndrome can lead fulfilling lives, but they may face unique challenges related to fertility, heart health, and other issues.

The term "mixed" refers to the fact that the disorder involves both ovarian and testicular tissue, rather than a pure form of either gonad. The exact cause of GDM is not well understood, but it is thought to be related to genetic mutations or abnormalities during fetal development.

Individuals with GDM may have a variety of physical characteristics, including:

* Ambiguous genitalia (both male and female features)
* Incomplete or absent gonads
* Abnormalities in the reproductive tract
* Disorders of sexual differentiation
* Other congenital anomalies

The clinical management of GDM depends on the specific symptoms and physical characteristics of each individual. Treatment may include hormone therapy, surgery, or psychological support, and is aimed at improving quality of life and addressing any associated medical issues. In some cases, individuals with GDM may be able to conceive naturally, while others may require assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).

It's important to note that GDM is a rare condition, and the exact prevalence is not well established. However, it is estimated to affect approximately 1 in 5,000 to 1 in 10,000 individuals worldwide.

There are several types of chromosome aberrations, including:

1. Chromosomal deletions: Loss of a portion of a chromosome.
2. Chromosomal duplications: Extra copies of a chromosome or a portion of a chromosome.
3. Chromosomal translocations: A change in the position of a chromosome or a portion of a chromosome.
4. Chromosomal inversions: A reversal of a segment of a chromosome.
5. Chromosomal amplifications: An increase in the number of copies of a particular chromosome or gene.

Chromosome aberrations can be detected through various techniques, such as karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), or array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). These tests can help identify changes in the chromosomal makeup of cells and provide information about the underlying genetic causes of disease.

Chromosome aberrations are associated with a wide range of diseases, including:

1. Cancer: Chromosome abnormalities are common in cancer cells and can contribute to the development and progression of cancer.
2. Birth defects: Many birth defects are caused by chromosome abnormalities, such as Down syndrome (trisomy 21), which is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21.
3. Neurological disorders: Chromosome aberrations have been linked to various neurological disorders, including autism and intellectual disability.
4. Immunodeficiency diseases: Some immunodeficiency diseases, such as X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), are caused by chromosome abnormalities.
5. Infectious diseases: Chromosome aberrations can increase the risk of infection with certain viruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
6. Ageing: Chromosome aberrations have been linked to the ageing process and may contribute to the development of age-related diseases.
7. Radiation exposure: Exposure to radiation can cause chromosome abnormalities, which can increase the risk of cancer and other diseases.
8. Genetic disorders: Many genetic disorders are caused by chromosome aberrations, such as Turner syndrome (45,X), which is caused by a missing X chromosome.
9. Rare diseases: Chromosome aberrations can cause rare diseases, such as Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY), which is caused by an extra copy of the X chromosome.
10. Infertility: Chromosome abnormalities can contribute to infertility in both men and women.

Understanding the causes and consequences of chromosome aberrations is important for developing effective treatments and improving human health.

KS occurs in approximately 1 in every 500-1000 male births and is usually diagnosed at puberty or later in life when symptoms become apparent. The extra X chromosome can affect the development of the body, including physical characteristics such as taller stature, less muscle mass, and smaller testes. It can also cause infertility due to low levels of testosterone and other hormonal imbalances.

Symptoms of KS can include:

* Tall stature
* Inferior height compared to peers
* Less muscle mass
* Small testes
* Breast enlargement (gynecomastia)
* Reduced facial and body hair
* Infertility or low sperm count
* Learning disabilities
* Speech and language delays
* Social and emotional difficulties

KS can be diagnosed through chromosomal analysis, which involves examining the patient's cells to determine their sex chromosomes. Treatment for KS typically involves hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to address any hormonal imbalances and may include surgery or other interventions to address physical characteristics such as breasts or infertility.

It is important to note that KS is a spectrum disorder, meaning that the severity of symptoms can vary widely among individuals with the condition. Some men with KS may have mild symptoms and lead relatively normal lives, while others may experience more significant challenges. With appropriate medical care and support, many individuals with KS are able to lead fulfilling lives.

There are several types of aneuploidy, including:

1. Trisomy: This is the presence of an extra copy of a chromosome. For example, Down syndrome is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21 (trisomy 21).
2. Monosomy: This is the absence of a chromosome.
3. Mosaicism: This is the presence of both normal and abnormal cells in the body.
4. Uniparental disomy: This is the presence of two copies of a chromosome from one parent, rather than one copy each from both parents.

Aneuploidy can occur due to various factors such as errors during cell division, exposure to certain chemicals or radiation, or inheritance of an abnormal number of chromosomes from one's parents. The risk of aneuploidy increases with age, especially for women over the age of 35, as their eggs are more prone to errors during meiosis (the process by which egg cells are produced).

Aneuploidy can be diagnosed through various methods such as karyotyping (examining chromosomes under a microscope), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) or quantitative PCR. Treatment for aneuploidy depends on the underlying cause and the specific health problems it has caused. In some cases, treatment may involve managing symptoms, while in others, it may involve correcting the genetic abnormality itself.

In summary, aneuploidy is a condition where there is an abnormal number of chromosomes present in a cell, which can lead to various developmental and health problems. It can occur due to various factors and can be diagnosed through different methods. Treatment depends on the underlying cause and the specific health problems it has caused.

Trisomy is caused by an extra copy of a chromosome, which can be due to one of three mechanisms:

1. Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome): This is the most common type of trisomy and occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosome 21. It is estimated to occur in about 1 in every 700 births.
2. Trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome): This type of trisomy occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosome 13. It is estimated to occur in about 1 in every 10,000 births.
3. Trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome): This type of trisomy occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosome 18. It is estimated to occur in about 1 in every 2,500 births.

The symptoms of trisomy can vary depending on the type of trisomy and the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:

* Delayed physical growth and development
* Intellectual disability
* Distinctive facial features, such as a flat nose, small ears, and a wide, short face
* Heart defects
* Vision and hearing problems
* GI issues
* Increased risk of infection

Trisomy can be diagnosed before birth through prenatal testing, such as chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis. After birth, it can be diagnosed through a blood test or by analyzing the child's DNA.

There is no cure for trisomy, but treatment and support are available to help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life for individuals with the condition. This may include physical therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy, and medication to manage heart defects or other medical issues. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct physical abnormalities.

The prognosis for trisomy varies depending on the type of trisomy and the severity of the condition. Some forms of trisomy are more severe and can be life-threatening, while others may have a more mild impact on the individual's quality of life. With appropriate medical care and support, many individuals with trisomy can lead fulfilling lives.

In summary, trisomy is a genetic condition that occurs when there is an extra copy of a chromosome. It can cause a range of symptoms and can be diagnosed before or after birth. While there is no cure for trisomy, treatment and support are available to help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life for individuals with the condition.

There are many different types of chromosome disorders, including:

1. Trisomy: This is a condition in which there is an extra copy of a chromosome. For example, Down syndrome is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21.
2. Monosomy: This is a condition in which there is a missing copy of a chromosome.
3. Turner syndrome: This is a condition in which there is only one X chromosome instead of two.
4. Klinefelter syndrome: This is a condition in which there are three X chromosomes instead of the typical two.
5. Chromosomal translocations: These are abnormalities in which a piece of one chromosome breaks off and attaches to another chromosome.
6. Inversions: These are abnormalities in which a segment of a chromosome is reversed end-to-end.
7. Deletions: These are abnormalities in which a portion of a chromosome is missing.
8. Duplications: These are abnormalities in which there is an extra copy of a segment of a chromosome.

Chromosome disorders can have a wide range of effects on the body, depending on the type and severity of the condition. Some common features of chromosome disorders include developmental delays, intellectual disability, growth problems, and physical abnormalities such as heart defects or facial anomalies.

There is no cure for chromosome disorders, but treatment and support are available to help manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life for individuals with these conditions. Treatment may include medications, therapies, and surgery, as well as support and resources for families and caregivers.

Preventive measures for chromosome disorders are not currently available, but research is ongoing to understand the causes of these conditions and to develop new treatments and interventions. Early detection and diagnosis can help identify chromosome disorders and provide appropriate support and resources for individuals and families.

In conclusion, chromosome disorders are a group of genetic conditions that affect the structure or number of chromosomes in an individual's cells. These conditions can have a wide range of effects on the body, and there is no cure, but treatment and support are available to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Early detection and diagnosis are important for identifying chromosome disorders and providing appropriate support and resources for individuals and families.

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"Constitution and Bylaws". United Church of Christ. Retrieved January 22, 2010. "What is the United Church of Christ? A brief ... In 1959, in its General Synod, the UCC adopted a broad "Statement of Faith". The UCC adopted its constitution and by-laws in ... is best expressed in Article III of the 1999 revision of the Bylaws and Constitution of the United Church of Christ. "Within ... this depends on the provisions in the congregation's particular constitution and/or by-laws.[citation needed] Local churches ...
"Constitution & By-laws , Evergreen Historic District Association". evergreendistrict.org. Retrieved 2017-03-20. "Showdown in ...
"Constitution and Bylaws". American Coaster Enthusiasts (ACE). Retrieved April 15, 2020. "Coaster Con 43". Retrieved May 11, ...
"Constitution & By-Laws , Society for Freshwater Science". freshwater-science.org. Retrieved 2021-04-23. "SFS Announces 2021 ...
The BizOfHockey - NHL Constitution and Bylaws "NHL Constitution" (PDF). Biz of Hockey. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... Documents filed with the court included the previously secret NHL Constitution and also the section of the NHL Bylaws which ... Daly stated that Balsillie was rejected under bylaw 35 of the NHL Constitution, which allows applications to be rejected to ... "NHL Bylaws" (PDF). Biz of Hockey. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 12, 2010. "Coyotes' bankruptcy application" (PDF ...
This was fourth meeting held to define constitution and bylaws of the association. There were several athletes and several ... The 1880 and 1886 National Association of Amateur Athletes of America's Constitution and Bylaws are both available on-line. ... 55] Retrieved Jan 25, 2021 Book: National Association of Amateur Athletes of America; Constitution and Bylaws, 1880, New York [ ... 14, 2020 Book: National Association of Amateur Athletes of America; Constitution and Bylaws, 1880, New York [25] Retrieved Oct ...
"Constitution and Bylaws". (Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Student societies in the United States, ... adopting a constitution and bylaws and electing the first fraternity council. Sigma Phi Beta was established at Arizona State ...
Constitution, Bylaws & Policies; Continuing Education; Finance; Intellectual Freedom; Legislative; Nominations, Elections & ... ISBN 978-0-313-09700-3. "NDLA Constitution". ndla.info. Retrieved 2014-10-31. "The Good Stuff -August 2005" (PDF). North Dakota ...
"Constitution and Bylaws". American Chamber of Commerce, Shanghai. "U.S. Companies That Operate in China Mull Trump's Trade ... and appointed a provisional committee of ten individuals to draft a constitution and bylaws. J.H. McMichael was named chairman ... The Chamber's constitution was reissued both in 1946 and 1948, in part to comply with registration requirements from the ... The Chamber elected its first officers and established bylaws on August 18, 1915. J.H. McMichael was the Chamber's first ...
"Constitution and Bylaws". North-American Interfraternity Conference. April 23, 2012. Archived from the original on July 9, 2018 ... "For example, Phi Kappa Tau and Alpha Xi Delta both have provisions in their respective Constitutions that they can accept ...
"Constitution and Bylaws". "Past conferences". The 4th World Conference of Women's Shelters. 2018-07-11. Retrieved 2020-11-12. " ...
"ULC Constitution & Bylaws". Uniform Law Commission. January 8, 2019. Archived from the original on January 8, 2019. Retrieved ...
"MSA Constitution and Bylaws". Mycological Society of America. Mycological Society of America. Retrieved 23 August 2021. " ... The Society's constitution states that "The purpose of the Society is to promote and advance the science of mycology and to ... The society's constitution states that "Membership in the Society shall be open to persons or organizations who share the ...
"Nisqually Constitution and Bylaws". ARTICLE VI - POWERS OF THE TRIBAL COUNCIL. Retrieved 2022-06-26. Enumerated Powers. The ... Constitution of Maryland, Article II, Sec. 17(a) Constitution of Massachusetts, Amendments, Article XC. Constitution of ... "The Veto Power , Constitution Annotated , Congress.gov , Library of Congress". constitution.congress.gov. Retrieved 2022-09-28 ... Constitution of Illinois (1970) Article IV, Section 9 Miller, David R. (2005). 1970 Illinois Constitution Annotated for ...
"Constitution and By-Laws". AmCham China. Archived from the original on 2014-11-07. Retrieved 2014-11-07. "China Sends ...
... the Doping Hearing Panel and the Constitution, Bylaw & Technical Commission (2009-2013) where she played an integral role in ... ". "IWF Constitution & Bylaws" (PDF). International Weightlifting Federation. 2013. "IWF Technical and Competition Rules & ...
"Constitution and By-Laws of Allen Christian Endeavor League : Shorter A.M.E. Church". Denver Public Library Digital Collections ...
Constitutions and bylaws were modified in such a way as to prevent control falling into the hands of Norman Thomas' super- ...
The Constitution makes provision for a separation of powers between the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. This ... by-laws and regulations, and ordered the relevant department to reconsider the decision after proper consultation with the ... The Constitution requires the state to take "reasonable legislative and other measures, within its available resources, to ... If it asserted those rights within the framework of the Constitution and the restrictions of any relevant legislation, it acted ...
This was against the bylaws of the Board of Trustees and it was adopted that from that moment forward a strict enforcement of ... It is clear that both the constitution and the 'subscriber list' are written entirely in the hand of Father Maxwell. In his ... A 21-member Board of Trustees was elected from this group and a constitution was created to govern the future 'Louisiana ... It is also likely that this priest inserted into the constitution the very Jeffersonian concept of educating the poor and ...
The condominium association's by-laws may determine the total amount of insurance necessary. E.g., in Florida, the scope of ... "Flsenate Archive: Statutes & Constitution > View Statutes". flsenate.gov. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. "Consumer ...
... the new constitution and by-laws, and the coat of arms. The brothers decided to keep the colors of the Arcus Society, azure and ... and had drafted their constitution and laws to reflect that. Two years after they were founded in 1912 they were recognized by ...
World Assemblies of God Constitution and Bylaws WAGF Relief and Development Assemblies of God World Missions Research Office - ...
Retrieved 2020-10-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN". akorda.kz. ... adopt by-laws and other decisions, according to their competence, promote their implementation, exercise control over the ... direct suffrage by secret ballot for a 5-year term according to clause 2 of article 86 of the Constitution, Section VIII "Local ...
IRI Constitution and Bylaws, accessed Feb. 9, 2012. "Awards - Best Practices in Digital Innovation". "GE Diamond Pioneer Robert ...
O'Donoghue wrote the organization's bylaws and constitution. She was the only woman elected to the executive committee of the ...
New Jersey State Constitution (1947), Article VII, Section II, Paragraph 2, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed June 1, ... District Bylaws 0110 - Identification, Parsippany-Troy Hills School District. Accessed April 29, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of ...
York, Association of the Bar of the City of New (1897). Annual Reports and Charter, Constitution, By-laws, Names of Officers, ...
... for the U.S. Senate, official website Scott Ashjian, at Project Vote Smart Constitution and Bylaws of the Tea ... and a strict interpretation of the United States Constitution. He identified with the views of politicians including Ronald ... and a strict interpretation of the United States Constitution. Ashjian aligns himself with the conservative views of ...
... in terms of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, make by-laws for the effective administration of the ... The Interim Constitution was repealed by the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996. The Constitution of the ... of the Constitution. South African Government documents - Includes Constitution, Acts and legislative bills (Articles with ... which are necessary to safeguard the ideals contained in the Constitution. The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act ...
After a bylaws proposal is submitted, the Secretary shall post it on the LPN web site within three days. The Libertarian Party ... adding Constitutional Carry to the Nevada Constitution, promoting open-borders policies, and ending the War on Drugs. The ... "Bylaws of the Libertarian Party of Nevada". Libertarian Party of Nevada. Retrieved 2016-03-22. Libertarian Party of Nevada (CS1 ... Amendments Section 1. These bylaws may be amended by a majority vote of two-thirds of the dues-paying member delegates at any ...
The first six chapters met to formally adopted a national constitution and bylaws four years after its founding, on December 11 ... Chapter autonomy and member requirements are noted in its Constitution, p.4, accessed 27 Sept 2020. Alpha Epsilon website ...
Southern Ohio Conference (January 2007). "Southern Ohio Conference Constitution and By-laws". Yappi. "Yappi Sports Baseball". ...
"Georgia High School Association Constitution and By-Laws 2008-2009, pg. 70" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August ... Tucker, Tim (April 1, 2013). "Georgia Dome has a new look for Final Four". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved April 7 ... "Georgia Dome converting to grass….for soccer". Mexico will play a soccer match at Georgia Dome Atlanta Journal-Constitution " ... Tornado Kills, 2 Pummels Downtown by Tim Eberly and Paul Shea for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, March 15, 2008. Retrieved ...
Bylaws - Pride at Work, AFL-CIO As amended September 20-21, 2003. Cartwright, Donna. "Protecting Lesbian, Gay, and Transgender ... September 27, 2005). In 2004, the state of Michigan amended its constitution to define marriage as a union between a man and a ... Diversity representatives are charged with advocating for their diversity group under PAW's constitution. An executive ...
Through NEFEJ bylaws, the board had representation from all four partner NGOs and met monthly to review and plan activities, ... A new constitution enshrined the right to freedom of expression (specifically, the right of every citizen to demand and receive ... From the time of the new constitution in November 1990, the drive to put the station on the air was instrumental in bringing ... information on any matter of public importance). The expression of basic communication rights in the constitution was followed ...
Following a bylaw change November 1, 2020, ridesharing companies were officially allowed to begin operating in Halifax, Nova ... Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Wickert, David (May 15, 2017). "Court rejects Atlanta taxi lawsuit over competition from Uber, ... On March 3, 2016, after hours of heated debate, the City Council of Toronto passed a bylaw allowing UberX to operate legally in ... "Edmonton unveils bylaw to accommodate Uber". Edmonton Sun. September 4, 2015. Lazzarino, Dave (November 13, 2015). "Edmonton ...
At the first meeting a constitution and bylaws were prepared and adopted, and officers were elected. Samuel Lewis was chosen ...
The constitution provides for an independent judicial system, made up of the High Court, the Court of Appeal, Magistrate's ... These include government publications, ministerial orders, ministerial regulations and municipal by-laws. While Lesotho shares ... In 1987 the king was forced into exile after coming up with a 6-page memorandum on how he wanted the Lesotho's constitution to ... The constitution protects some civil liberties, including freedom of speech, freedom of association, freedom of the press, ...
Alternatively, the constitution of the general church can be made to recite an express trust in favor of the denominational ... amend its corporate charter and bylaws to remove references to the Episcopal Church and the Diocese, 2) withdraw from the ... and amended its constitution to remove all references to the Episcopal Church. The Episcopal Church countered by holding a ... this Church and its Constitution and Canons. The Dennis Canon is named after Walter Dennis, an attorney and later Suffragan ...
After having their idea approved by active members of the Air Force, the cadets wrote a constitution for their new, honorary ... A cadet who is inactive per squadron by-laws (probation, etc.) but continues to pay national dues and thus retains the right to ...
... and making any amendments to the CEA constitution and bylaws. CEA's four executive offices, president, vice president, ...
He was instrumental in modernizing the structure of organization, setting up a constitution and bylaws to conform to new tax ...
"Constitution and Bylaws 2016" (PDF). gocivilairpatrol.com. August 27, 2021. af.mil Civil Air Patrol-U.S. Air Force Accessed 14 ... Upon adoption of the CAP Constitution and Bylaws on 26 May 1948, the CAP was incorporated and officially became the civlian ... present Change made upon adoption of the Constitution and Bylaws of the CAP Corporation made official on October 1, 2012. USAF ...
The builders of the USS Constitution once offered $70 to buy the tree, but the owner would not sell. The Avery Oak, which was ... They also served as a court, determining who had broken by-laws and issuing fines. As the selectmen became more active, the ...
... specifying that the Constitution and by-laws were to be read biannually, and that all meetings would be conducted according to ... "Friars' Club Constitution" (1932) [textual record]. Yesharah Society records, Series: 1, Box: 1, File: Y2, p. 1. Provo, Utah: L ... "Constitution of the "Y" Missionary Women" (1932) [textual record]. Yesharah Society Records, Series: 1, Box: 1, File: Y2, p. 1 ... The Yesharah Society's revised 1932 Constitution stated that the organization's executive officers would consist of a President ...
12.5.8 Autres questions : Amendements de la constitution (‎Constitution)‎, document A/L/13 : Sixième rapport de la Commission ... Acceptation des amendements à la Constitution de lOMS  Assemblée mondiale de la Santé, 23 (‎Organisation mondiale de la Santé ... OMS, 10, page 1)‎ : Document soumis par la délégation du Royaume-Uni touchant larticle 8 de la Constitution de lOMS  ... 12.5.8 Other business: amendment of the Constitution (‎Executive Board)‎ document A/L/13: sixth report of the Legal Committee ...
Rio Hondo College, serving the communities of El Monte, Pico Rivera, Santa Fe Springs, South El Monte, and Whittier for over 50 years.. ...
Constitution and By-Laws. Constitution. Preamble. We, the undersigned, wishing to secure for ourselves the pleasures and ... By-Laws. Constitution and Bylaws enacted 9 April 1977 and amended 19 January 1980, 12 April 1980, 5 April 1986, 6 February 1988 ... This constitution or the By-Laws may be amended by a two-thirds vote of the members attending a Regular or Special meeting at ... 1 - The President shall preside at all Regular and Special meetings of this club pursuant to its Constitution and By-Laws. The ...
Constitution and By-Laws. College Shared Governance System, Orange County Community College - Revised October 2021. Purpose ... For the purposes of this Constitution and By-Laws, employees who are hired by, or directed by, private or corporate ... Any parliamentary law or authority defined within these Constitution & By-Laws supersedes Roberts Rules of Order. The ... Any parliamentary law or authority defined within these Constitution & By-Laws supersedes Roberts Rules of Order. ...
Constitution and ByLaws. AIA Constitution. This is our current constitution which defines how we now operate. The Constitution ... ByLaw 1. Directors Code of Conduct This ByLaw establishes the Directors Code of Conduct, which requires directors to act in ... This ByLaw sets out the role and responsibility of the nomination committee.. Download ByLaw2 ...
SECTION 2.The Constitution and Bylaws (and the. Standard for the Breed) may be amended at any time, provided a copy of the ... No amendment to the Constitution and Bylaws (or the Standard for the Breed) that is adopted by the Club shall become effective ... amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws, and the Standard for the Breed, which shall be decided by written ballot cast by ... and agrees to abide by the CONSTITUTION AND BY- LAWS of the Club and the Rules of The American Kennel Club. Each application ...
Copyright © DAV , All Rights Reserved. DAV is a tax-exempt organization, and all contributions are tax-deductible according to IRS regulation ...
Revised 2016. Revised 2015. Revised 2014. Revised 2008. Revised January 2004. August 2000. CUPE National Consitution. CUPE National Constitution 2019. 2006 Constitution Survey. Please see the Surveys and Reports page. ...
LIBERTARIAN PARTY CONSTITUTION BYLAWS and CONVENTION RULES. Contents. *1 LIBERTARIAN PARTY CONSTITUTION BYLAWS and CONVENTION ... BYLAW IX: AMENDMENTS TO THE BYLAWS. Amendments to the Bylaws shall be in accordance with the Constitution. ... RULE V: DEBATING AND VOTING (CONSTITUTION, BYLAWS AND RULES). Section 1. The Chairman of the Constitution, Bylaws and Rules ... BYLAW IV: CONVENTIONS. Section 1. The Chairman of the Constitution, Bylaws and Rules Committee and of the Platform Committee ...
Second Grand Constitution and Bylaws was originally released by Amarillo. Taking a big cue from early esoteric Imami Shiism, ... Secret Chiefs 3: Second Grand Constitution & Bylaws: Hurqalya. 1998 Mimicry Records, reissues this CD with previously ...
United Kingdom Standard Operating Procedure and Constitution and By-Laws. * IAATI UK Constitution and SOP ... Home » about » documentation » United Kingdom Standard Operating Procedure and Constitution and By-Laws ...
Ph. (614) 253-4731 , Fax: (614) 253-0465. HOME , CONTACT CEA. ...
Constitution and by-laws of the university Medical Students Association : [Montreal? : s.n.], 1858 (Montreal : J. Wilson) ... Constitution and by-laws of the university Medical Students Association [Montreal? : s.n.], 1858 (Montreal : J. Wilson); 18 ... Constitution and by-laws of the university Medical Students Association : adopted November 20, 1855. Published. [Montreal? : s ...
... the revised versions of the Locals Constitution and By-Laws.. To see the revised version of the Locals Constitution, click ... REVISED AFT 1493 CONSTITUTION & BY-LAWS FOR APPROVAL BY FACULTY. On the paper AFT 1493 2018-2020 Election Ballot, faculty are ...
Charter and Constitution and By-Laws of the Atlantic Steam Fire Engine Co., Page 21 ...
Section 2. In the event of a conflict between the constitution and the bylaws, the constitution will be the guiding document. ... Section 1. Bylaws will be attached to the constitution to add specificity to the constitutional articles. ... Constitution for the BioEngineering Graduate Association at Georgia Tech. Created August 8, 2014. Revised December 9, 2014. ... Bylaws for the BioEngineering Graduate Association at Georgia Tech. Created September 22, 2014. Revised December 9, 2014. ...
CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF THE AMERICAN JEWISH PUBLICATION SOCIETY. (FOUNDED ON THE 9TH OF HESHVAN, 5606.) ADOPTED AT ... The Constitutions Preamble expresses the subscribers commitment to "fostering Jewish Literature, and of diffusing the utmost ...
Constitution and Bylaws. District of Columbia. Medical Society of the District of Columbia. 22. Constitution, by-laws, and code ... Constitution and Bylaws. Codes of Ethics. Wisconsin. Milwaukee City Medical Association. 23. Constitution, by-laws and fee bill ... Constitution and Bylaws. Massachusetts. State Lunatic Hospital at Worcester. 26. Charter, constitution, by-laws, and list of ... Constitution and Bylaws. Codes of Ethics. Tennessee. Tennessee Medical Society. 28. Constitution and bylaws of the ...
Constitution and Bylaws. Members will vote on the Constitution & Bylaws. When forming the club, the officers of Cuvac USA ... approved two drafts of the Constitution and Bylaws. These will be put forward to the membership at our first meeting for a vote ...
AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION. In June 2012, the membership approved several changes in the Constitution and Bylaws related to ... Section 2. The Constitution and Bylaws Committee will submit all proposed amendments to the Board of Directors no later than ... Section 5. Constitution and Bylaws revisions, including all amendments, shall be published in an official publication of the ... Section 1. The Constitution and Bylaws Committee shall review the document annually. Proposed amendments shall be submitted in ...
Please note that the documents below comprise the complete Department Constitution & Bylaws ...
ARTICLE VIII -PUBLICATION OF CONSTITUTION AND BY- LAWS. The WVMTA Constitution and Bylaws shall be printed and distributed to ... b.) That all changes in the Constitution and Bylaws of the affiliated Local Association have been filed with WVMTA, that they ... a.) That two (2) copies of the Local Association governing document(s) (e.g., Constitution, Bylaws, Articles of Incorporation) ... shall appoint such standing and committees and chairs may be required by the Constitution and Bylaws, or as he or she may deem ...
Section 1. BYLAW AMENDMENTS. Recommendations for any amendments to the constitution shall be presented not later than the end ... Constitution & Bylaws, Membership, Interesting Links, News, Corporate Sponsors, Exhibitors, Career Opportunities, and other ... Bylaw amendments require a two-thirds majority of the voters present for passage. All amendments shall become effective ... it will be tabled and reconsidered the succeeding year by the Bylaws Committee. If a majority of the Board does not approve a ...
... Click on the link below to access the pdf: ...
Download Constitution Download Bylaws
The Constitution and/or the By-Laws may be amended by the following procedures:. A. At any Club Meeting, by two-thirds (2/3) of ... Any person or group interested in the set goals of this organization who is willing to abide by the Constitution and By-Laws of ... Any member in good standing can request or propose an addition or amendment to the UOC By-laws or Constitution by submitting ... Overseeing the election process for Officers, Directors, and amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws in all major and ...
Constitution & Bylaws. The Constitution and Bylaws outline the role of Staff Council as a governance body that serves in an ... Staff Council Bylaws (PDF).. What We Do. Staff Council Fast Facts (PDF). Staff Council advises and makes recommendations to the ... The Bylaws contain information about how the Council functions, who is eligible for service, the responsibility areas of the ...
Constitution and Bylaws. Constitution and Bylaws. The current Constitution and Bylaws for AKUAANA, were first approved at the ... Constitution & Bylaws Committee:. As per Article VIII of the current AKUAANA Constitution, there needs to be a mechanism to ... AKUAANA Constitution and Bylaws. Article I: Preamble and Name. We, the alumni of Aga Khan University (AKU), out of our need to ... The Constitution and Bylaws in its current form are given below, and can also be downloaded here. ...
The UPEISU Policies contain statements of the UPEISU and the policies, procedures, rules, regulations, and recommendations pertinent to the organization. It is designed with authority and completeness in mind to serve as a source of information and as a working guide. These written statements should increase understanding and help to ensure uniformity throughout the organization. It is the responsibility of every member of council and of every staff member of the UPEISU to administer these policies in a consistent and impartial manner.. ...
The Constitution and Bylaws Committee will conduct an annual review of the Constitution and Bylaws to ensure that they remain ... The Constitution and Bylaws Committee will conduct an annual review of the Constitution and Bylaws to ensure that they remain ... CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS. CONSTITUTION. ARTICLE I - Name. The name of the corporation shall be The Adoptive and Foster Parent ... Typically, the Constitution and Bylaws will not be submitted for changes more than once per year. The results of any changes ...
  • This ByLaw sets out the role and responsibility of the nomination committee. (investors.asn.au)
  • The Constitution & Bylaws Committee serves that purpose. (akuaana.org)
  • In this constitution, this only is specifically referenced with regard to the selection of an Election Committee. (brownsugse.com)
  • As we have updated the Constitution, we also have realized our need to update our Articles of Incorporation with the State of Texas. (brenhambiblechurch.org)
  • Only portions of the Bylaws and Constitution are required to be included in the Articles of Incorporation. (brenhambiblechurch.org)
  • As per Article VIII of the current AKUAANA Constitution , there needs to be a mechanism to address requests for amendments or repealing the Bylaws. (akuaana.org)
  • Amendments to the Constitution may be made only at the Annual General Meeting. (mgrc.ca)
  • SECTION 4 .The members of the Club shall adopt and may from time to time revise such bylaws as may be required to carry out these objects. (bichon.org)
  • The Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) offers federal subsidies to tribes that adopt constitutions like that of the United States and replace their governments with city council-style governments. (nih.gov)
  • Membership shall be restricted to persons: who are owners and/or fanciers of registered Golden Retrievers, who agree to abide by the M.G.R.C.'s Constitution, ByLaws and the Code of Ethics, who have completed one calendar year as a provisional member in good standing, who have been granted Ordinary membership status by the Board of Directors, and who are 16 years of age or over. (mgrc.ca)
  • Provisional members must be willing to agree to abide by the M.G.R.C.'s Constitution, ByLaws and the Code of Ethics. (mgrc.ca)
  • The new constitutions called for election of council members and were based on the old 'boss farmer' districts, which had been drawn when the allotment policy dictated that the Indians would be taught to farm. (nih.gov)
  • When forming the club, the officers of Cuvac USA approved two drafts of the Constitution and Bylaws. (cuvacusa.com)
  • This ByLaw establishes the Directors' Code of Conduct, which requires directors to act in the best interests of the association. (investors.asn.au)
  • While we acknowledge that the scriptures are the only document that is "inspired and inerrant," and that the Bible holds the most important place for us as a ministry, our prayer is that the Constitution and Bylaws will allow us to have clarity and unity as a ministry as we proclaim and apply God's Word in the days and years ahead. (brenhambiblechurch.org)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Constitution and bylaws. (who.int)
  • The elders are excited to share the updated Constitution and Bylaws with our church family. (brenhambiblechurch.org)
  • We will schedule times for Q&A before our June 4th congregational meeting so that we can address or clarify any details prior to the date we intend to vote, and Lord willing, approve the Constitution and Bylaws. (brenhambiblechurch.org)
  • Changes made are consistent with our Bylaws and Constitution, as applicable, already published for review by the congregation. (brenhambiblechurch.org)
  • This is our current constitution which defines how we now operate. (investors.asn.au)
  • The current Constitution and Bylaws for AKUAANA, were first approved at the AKUAANA General Body Meeting on August 15, 2014. (akuaana.org)
  • Alumni can apply for either Active Membership or Associate Membership, and will agree to comply with all provisions of the Constitution and Bylaws of AKUAANA. (akuaana.org)
  • In Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization, the Court invalidated previous rulings protecting that right as part of the individual liberty and privacy interests embedded in the U.S. Constitution. (bvsalud.org)
  • A. Constitution - Amendments to this Constitution may originate in the Council or through petition in writing by ten graduate students. (nih.gov)
  • A committee on amendments to the AMA constitution and bylaws recommended rejecting Dr Pinto's resolution. (medscape.com)
  • Further election procedures shall be defined in the Bylaws. (nih.gov)
  • If two or more students volunteer for a position, election will proceed as outlined in the Bylaws. (nih.gov)
  • The new constitutions called for election of council members and were based on the old 'boss farmer' districts, which had been drawn when the allotment policy dictated that the Indians would be taught to farm. (nih.gov)
  • 3. The Officers of the Graduate Student Council shall be defined in Article IV of this Constitution. (nih.gov)
  • Further details regarding Council committees shall be provided in the Bylaws. (nih.gov)
  • Major decisions shall be voted on by the Council as outlined in the Bylaws. (nih.gov)
  • The Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) offers federal subsidies to tribes that adopt constitutions like that of the United States and replace their governments with city council-style governments. (nih.gov)