Sterilization: The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.Sterilization, Tubal: Procedures that render the female sterile by interrupting the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE. These procedures generally are surgical, and may also use chemicals or physical means.Sterilization, Reproductive: Procedures to block or remove all or part of the genital tract for the purpose of rendering individuals sterile, incapable of reproduction. Surgical sterilization procedures are the most commonly used. There are also sterilization procedures involving chemical or physical means.Sterilization Reversal: Procedures to reverse the effect of REPRODUCTIVE STERILIZATION and to regain fertility. Reversal procedures include those used to restore the flow in the FALLOPIAN TUBE or the VAS DEFERENS.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Consent Forms: Documents describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research.Presumed Consent: An institutional policy of granting authority to health personnel to perform procedures on patients or to remove organs from cadavers for transplantation unless an objection is registered by family members or by the patient prior to death. This also includes emergency care of minors without prior parental consent.Ethylene Oxide: A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)Parental Consent: Informed consent given by a parent on behalf of a minor or otherwise incompetent child.Third-Party Consent: Informed consent given by someone other than the patient or research subject.Sterilization, Involuntary: Reproductive sterilization without the consent of the patient.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Eugenics: The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Vasectomy: Surgical removal of the ductus deferens, or a portion of it. It is done in association with prostatectomy, or to induce infertility. (Dorland, 28th ed)Mental Competency: The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Dental Disinfectants: Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Disinfection: Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.Equipment Contamination: The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Research Subjects: Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Peracetic Acid: A liquid that functions as a strong oxidizing agent. It has an acrid odor and is used as a disinfectant.Informed Consent By Minors: Voluntary authorization by a person not of usual legal age for diagnostic or investigative procedures, or for medical and surgical treatment. (from English A, Shaw FE, McCauley MM, Fishbein DB Pediatrics 121:Suppl Jan 2008 pp S85-7).Nontherapeutic Human Experimentation: Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.Hysteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.Plasma Gases: Ionized gases, consisting of free electrons and ionized atoms or molecules which collectively behave differently than gas, solid, or liquid. Plasma gases are used in biomedical fields in surface modification; biological decontamination; dentistry (e.g., PLASMA ARC DENTAL CURING LIGHTS); and in other treatments (e.g., ARGON PLASMA COAGULATION).FuraldehydeInfection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Human Experimentation: The use of humans as investigational subjects.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.National Socialism: The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Personal Autonomy: Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Biological Specimen Banks: Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.Therapeutic Human Experimentation: Human experimentation that is intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Ethics Committees, Research: Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.Cautery: The application of a caustic substance, a hot instrument, an electric current, or other agent to control bleeding while removing or destroying tissue.Spores: The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.Holocaust: A massive slaughter, especially the systematic mass extermination of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps prior to and during World War II.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Population Control: Includes mechanisms or programs which control the numbers of individuals in a population of humans or animals.Diathermy: The induction of local hyperthermia by either short radio waves or high-frequency sound waves.Refusal to Participate: Refusal to take part in activities or procedures that are requested or expected of an individual. This may include refusal by HEALTH PERSONNEL to participate in specific medical procedures or refusal by PATIENTS or members of the public to take part in clinical trials or health promotion programs.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Gamma Rays: Penetrating, high-energy electromagnetic radiation emitted from atomic nuclei during NUCLEAR DECAY. The range of wavelengths of emitted radiation is between 0.1 - 100 pm which overlaps the shorter, more energetic hard X-RAYS wavelengths. The distinction between gamma rays and X-rays is based on their radiation source.Fallopian Tubes: A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.Chemosterilants: Compounds that cause reproductive sterility in organisms. They are sometimes used to control pest populations by sterilizing males within the population.Food Irradiation: Treatment of food with RADIATION.Polyethylenes: Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Surgical Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.Genetic Research: Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Patient Rights: Fundamental claims of patients, as expressed in statutes, declarations, or generally accepted moral principles. (Bioethics Thesaurus) The term is used for discussions of patient rights as a group of many rights, as in a hospital's posting of a list of patient rights.Glucose Solution, Hypertonic: Solution that is usually 10 percent glucose but may be higher. An isotonic solution of glucose is 5 percent.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Legislation, Medical: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Angioscopes: Endoscopes used for viewing the interior of blood vessels.Beneficence: The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Contraceptive Devices: Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Disposable Equipment: Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Jurisprudence: The science or philosophy of law. Also, the application of the principles of law and justice to health and medicine.Concentration Camps: Facilities in which WARFARE or political prisoners are confined.Spores, Bacterial: Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.Glutaral: One of the protein CROSS-LINKING REAGENTS that is used as a disinfectant for sterilization of heat-sensitive equipment and as a laboratory reagent, especially as a fixative.Laparoscopes: ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Paternalism: Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.Ambulatory Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Legal Guardians: A legal concept for individuals who are designated to act on behalf of persons who are considered incapable of acting in their own behalf, e.g., minors and persons found to be not mentally competent.Equipment and Supplies: Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.Ethics, Clinical: The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Religion and SexContraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Abortion, Therapeutic: Abortion induced to save the life or health of a pregnant woman. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Pregnancy, Unplanned: Unintended accidental pregnancy, including pregnancy resulting from failed contraceptive measures.Electrolysis: Destruction by passage of a galvanic electric current, as in disintegration of a chemical compound in solution.Bone Banks: Centers for acquiring, characterizing, and storing bones or bone tissue for future use.Radiation: Emission or propagation of acoustic waves (SOUND), ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY waves (such as LIGHT; RADIO WAVES; GAMMA RAYS; or X-RAYS), or a stream of subatomic particles (such as ELECTRONS; NEUTRONS; PROTONS; or ALPHA PARTICLES).Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Tissue and Organ Procurement: The administrative procedures involved with acquiring TISSUES or organs for TRANSPLANTATION through various programs, systems, or organizations. These procedures include obtaining consent from TISSUE DONORS and arranging for transportation of donated tissues and organs, after TISSUE HARVESTING, to HOSPITALS for processing and transplantation.Environment, Controlled: A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)Dialysis Solutions: Solutions prepared for exchange across a semipermeable membrane of solutes below a molecular size determined by the cutoff threshold of the membrane material.o-Phthalaldehyde: A reagent that forms fluorescent conjugation products with primary amines. It is used for the detection of many biogenic amines, peptides, and proteins in nanogram quantities in body fluids.Tissue Banks: Centers for acquiring, characterizing, and storing organs or tissue for future use.Gases: The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Drug Storage: The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.Malpractice: Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Barbering: The occupation concerned with the cutting and dressing of the hair of customers and, of men, the shaving and trimming of the beard and mustache. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Endoscopes: Instruments for the visual examination of interior structures of the body. There are rigid endoscopes and flexible fiberoptic endoscopes for various types of viewing in ENDOSCOPY.Hinduism: A complex body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and largely confined to the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as a means of release from the round of rebirths. (From Webster, 3d ed)Gynecology: A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.Psoralens: Linear furanocoumarins which are found in many PLANTS, especially UMBELLIFERAE and RUTACEAE, as well as PSORALEA from which they were originally discovered. They can intercalate DNA and, in an UV-initiated reaction of the furan portion, alkylate PYRIMIDINES, resulting in PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS.United StatesSericins: A serine-rich sticky protein secreted by MOTHS. Generally, the term refers to silkworm silk gum protein secreted in the middle section of silk gland cells of SILKWORMS, Bombyx mori. Sericin acts as a cement and coating for the two fibroin filaments in a silk strand and is readily soluble in mild alkaline solution.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Cobalt Isotopes: Stable cobalt atoms that have the same atomic number as the element cobalt, but differ in atomic weight. Co-59 is a stable cobalt isotope.Family Planning Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.Hysterosalpingography: Radiography of the uterus and fallopian tubes after the injection of a contrast medium.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Diuretics, Osmotic: Compounds that increase urine volume by increasing the amount of osmotically active solute in the urine. Osmotic diuretics also increase the osmolarity of plasma.Surgical Equipment: Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.Tuberculosis, Splenic: Infection of the spleen with species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Microwaves: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum from the UHF (ultrahigh frequency) radio waves and extending into the INFRARED RAYS frequencies.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Intrauterine Devices, Copper: Intrauterine contraceptive devices that depend on the release of metallic copper.Military ScienceIntrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.El SalvadorHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Geobacillus stearothermophilus: A species of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING BACTERIA in the family BACILLACEAE, found in soil, hot springs, Arctic waters, ocean sediments, and spoiled food products.Great BritainTensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)IndiaPublic Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Sodium Hypochlorite: It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Yukon Territory: A territory of northwest Canada, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the south by British Columbia, and on the west by Alaska. Its capital is Whitehorse. It takes its name from the Yukon River, the Indian yu-kun-ah, meaning big river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1367 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p608)Patient Participation: Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.Researcher-Subject Relations: Interaction between research personnel and research subjects.Antisepsis: The destruction of germs causing disease.Medical Waste Disposal: Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.Uterine Cervical Erosion: Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Centella: A plant of the family APIACEAE which is the source of asiatic acid and asiaticoside. Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. = Hydrocotyle asiatica L. is known for effect on peripheral circulation.Gynecologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the female genitalia.Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Sterilization for mentally handicapped girls. Br J Hosp Med. 1988 Apr;39(4):353. PMID 3390647 J. Bicknell. Consent and people ... She took a position in bioethical hot spots years before others like the sterilization of minors with developmental ... 16 July 2017 Sterilization of Women Who Are Mentally Handicapped Pediatrics May 1990, Vol 85 / Issue 5, 104(2):337 Joan ...
"Sterilization Experiments". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 23 March 2008. Vollman, Jochen; Rolf Winau. "Informed consent in ... The law was used to encourage growth of the Aryan race through the sterilization of persons who fell under the quota of being ... The purpose of these experiments was to develop a method of sterilization which would be suitable for sterilizing millions of ... The code calls for such standards as voluntary consent of patients, avoidance of unnecessary pain and suffering, and that there ...
They also use camps to enforce sterilization. This process can be done with or without consent. In world-view context, the US ... "Unwanted Sterilization and Eugenics Programs in the United States , No Más Bebés , Independent Lens , PBS". Independent Lens. ... Bihar and Uttar Pradesh were the other two states that reported usage below 30%. It is important to note that sterilization is ... About three-fourths of these were using female stst sterilization whichs by far the most prevalent birth-control method in ...
The woman argued they had not properly consented to sterilization due to not being informed of the contents of the consent form ... consent to sterilisation had been coerced. The government accepted that coerced sterilisation would be a violation of the ... claiming that sterilisation without informed consent violates a number of rights. The women argued that the sterilisation ... The women argued that any purported consent to the sterilisation had been coerced as they had either not been told the contents ...
California was first, having sterilized 19,985 people without their consent.) Other states reported involuntary sterilizations ... The Sterilization Act provided for compulsory sterilization of persons deemed to be "feebleminded," including the "insane, ... "Model Eugenical Sterilization Law", published two years earlier in 1922. The Sterilization Act was upheld by the U.S. Supreme ... Of the involuntary sterilizations reported in the United States prior to 1957, Virginia was second, having sterilized a total ...
This bill, the Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion (Informed Consent) Bill, resembled Australian Capital Territory ... Women do not have to consult optional counselling services under the Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977. As a ...
... female surgical sterilization) called "minilaparotomy", or "minilap." Prior to minilap, surgery for female sterilization often ... AVS also worked to establish the first informed consent and client-counseling components in health services and produced one of ... The organization was founded in 1937 as the Sterilization League of New Jersey (SLNJ) then renamed to Sterilization League For ... "Minilaparotomy for Female Sterilization: An Illustrated Guide for Service Providers". EngenderHealth. Retrieved 2008-01-11. "No ...
At the time of sterilization, she was only 17 years old, and was a legal minor under the Slovak law. Informed consent of her ... However, the guardians did not give any consent to sterilization and no record on this was entered in the release report from ... N.B. vs Slovakia is the second case concerning forced sterilization of Romani people or Gypsy women from Slovakia decided by ... N.B. found about the sterilization only several months later, after her lawyers inspected her medical records in the Hospital. ...
The Act was amended in 1937 to allow sterilization without consent. In 1972, the Act was repealed and the Board dismantled. ... There was a high correlation between absence of consent requirement and subsequent sterilization: 89% of all presented and ... The Sexual Sterilization Act required that a four-person Board determine, on a case by case basis, whether sterilization was ... approved cases did not require consent for sterilization to occur, as opposed to 15% of cases where consent was necessary. ...
Sterilisation and Abortion (Informed Consent) Bill. This bill would ensure that women give informed consent before undergoing ... Christian politics in New Zealand The Kiwi Party Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977 Christian Democrat Party. ...
This petition was filed in response to the sterilization camp massacre in Bihar. Forced sterilizations were conducted on 53 ... nor was their consent obtained. Their post-op conditions were not paid attention to, and they were left unattended to after the ... In another instance from Chhattisgarh, 15 women died after surgeries in another sterilization "camp". In two camps, doctors ... The Supreme Court issued binding guidelines were issued for the conduct of sterilisation operations. Following an HRLN petition ...
... programs or government policy attempt to force people to undergo surgical sterilization without their freely given consent. ... People from marginalized communities are at most risk of forced sterilization. Forced sterilization has occurred in recent ... Sterilization is popular in older age groups, among those 45-49, 29% of men and 21% of women have been sterilized. Female ... However, while the punishment of "unplanned" pregnancy is a large fine, both forced abortion and forced sterilization can be ...
Incentives for sterilization.[97]. *The Denver Dollar-a-day program, i.e. paying teenage mothers for not becoming pregnant ... This is a more complex variant of the Consent argument, as the Veil of Ignorance merely forces us to adopt a position of ... Largent, Mark (2008). Breeding Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States. New Brunswick: Rutgers ... In the past, eugenics had more to do with sterilization and enforced reproduction laws.[133] Now, in the age of a progressively ...
Largent, Mark (2008). Breeding Contempt: The History of Coerced Sterilization in the United States. New Brunswick: Rutgers ... This is a more complex variant of the Consent argument, as the Veil of Ignorance merely forces us to adopt a position of ... In the past, eugenics had more to do with sterilization and enforced reproduction laws.[98] Now, in the age of a progressively ... "Sterilization of Unfit Advocated - Feeble-minded Increasing at Disproportionate Rate in Canada - Case for Ungenics". The ...
... to become the subject of experimental medical techniques and drugs and undergo more sterilization without informed consent.[5] ... These restrictions has incremented sterilization through 'bargaining'; that is, allowing a woman to have an abortion solely if ... MANA convinced policymakers to change federal regulations after observing an increasing number of sterilization amongst ...
The plank also emphasized the opposition to involuntary sterilization and upheld that spousal consent should not be a ... The delegates also called for the requirement of consent for all sterilization procedures, concomitant to Department of Health ... Sterilization abuse was an issue that gained attention in the 1970s and activists called on the women's movement to incorporate ... "Sterilization Abuse: A Task for the Women's Movement". www.uic.edu. Retrieved 2015-11-20. Rich, Adrienne. "Claiming an ...
... race alone was not sufficient criteria for forced sterilization, but anyone could request sterilization for themselves or a ... or how many parents only consented under pressure from the Gestapo. An estimated 500 children were sterilized under this ... Beyond the compulsory sterilization program in the Rhineland, there was no coherent Nazi policy towards African Germans. In one ... "the discrete sterilization of the Rhineland bastards." It is unclear how much these minors were told about the procedures, ...
After refusing to consent to a sterilisation, she was denied the permission to go out of the hospital any more. In December ... 1935, she underwent a forced surgical sterilisation in the Dresden-Friedrichstadt women's hospital on the grounds of Nazi ...
Approximately 50 percent consented and 1,377 relatives of targeted couples were detained. Family planning officials defended ... 9,559 individuals in Puning City were targeted for sterilization, some against their will. The targeted individuals were asked ... "Thousands at risk of forced sterilization in China". Amnesty International. Retrieved 17 April 2012. Birge, Bettine. Women, ... This campaign targeted individuals for sterilization in an attempt to control population growth. ...
Some women had experienced sterilization without consent after a doctor had agreed to perform an illegal abortion; others were ... Anti-sterilization efforts in the 1970s came as the result of several high-profile sterilization abuse scandals. In 1972, ... The Committee to End Sterilization Abuse (CESA) was founded in 1974 to combat the abuse of sterilization on women of color. It ... Twelve-year-old Minnie Lee Relf was sterilized without her consent or consent of a parent in a federally funded Health, ...
It "strongly discourages" surrogate motherhood, sperm donation, surgical sterilizations (including vasectomies) and artificial ... "if the family of the deceased gives consent." Regarding birth control, the Tribune comments: The handbook says it is a " ...
The case is also interesting because there was an alternative interpretation of the consent form. After sterilisation, some ... The judge relied on the consent forms which stated that the vasectomy would be final. The claim was brought in contract and in ...
Sterilization is a popular method of contraception in New Zealand. It has been claimed by academics that 'sterilization has ... Although the age of consent is 16 in New Zealand, those under 16 can still be given contraception. Parental consent for the ... "Contraception, Sterilisation, and Abortion Act 1977 No 112 (as at 01 July 2013), Public Act 3 Sale or disposal, etc, of ... "5. - Contraception and sterilisation - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". www.teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 30 April 2016. Smyth, ...
The Board was granted the authority to order the sterilization, with consent, of any inmate recommended to them by a ... The family was ordered to give consent for the breathing tube's removal by February 21, 2011. The family refused to consent to ... Two indications for compulsory sterilisation were: 1. Eugenic indication meant sterilisation could be done if a person's ... the court did not find corpus delicti in the compulsory medical sterilizations performed by his consent. 2009 - Until 2009 in ...
The European Court declared that the sterilization without informed consent of their legal guardians violated the Slovak ... The applicant R.H. was sterilized in 2002 without her informed consent Since 2003, all applicants were trying to obtain damages ... Slovakia is the third case decided by the European Court of Human Rights against Slovakia concerning forced sterilization of ...
As of 2017 some European countries require forced sterilisation for the legal recognition of sex reassignment.[57] ... "an example of an individual who was subjected to sex reassignment surgery without full knowledge or consent".[56] ... of Hawaii recommended that physicians do not perform surgery on children until they are old enough to give informed consent, ...
Sterilization Without Consent. As noted yesterday, a massive influx of immigrants, almost exclusively from the Third World, has ... Perwaiz has been arrested for burning down a womans fallopian tubes without her consent so that she cannot conceive. ... Meanwhile, Obamas former science czar John Holdren smiles in approval of the involuntary sterilization. ...
CPTwomen Tubal.org needs your help with "Support Informed Consent for Female Sterilization (Tubal Ligation, Essure, Clips)". ... CPTwomen Tubal.org needs your help with "Support Informed Consent for Female Sterilization (Tubal Ligation, Essure, Clips)". ... If the patient has been lied to about the treatment or there is other fraud in the informed consent, then the entire consent is ... Law: Battery - Treating a patient without her full informed consent (or with invalid consent) constitutes battery. Battery is ...
Oregons consent form, specific for the sterilizations of 15 to 20-year-olds, reads, "I understand that the sterilization must ... can give full consent to the irreversibility of sterilization at 15? Chances are, you do not even know your future spouse, yet ... Apparently, teenage sterilization does not seem to be a major concern, in spite of the fact that birthrates in the western ... So you need parental consent to contract a state-sanctioned marriage under the age of 18 in the U.S., but you, all by yourself ...
The Doctors discuss the case of a Virginia OB/GYN who reportedly performed hysterectomies and sterilizations on women without ... Hysterectomies and Sterilizations without Consent? Health & Wellness on 3:00 AM PST, November 26, 2019 ... discuss the case of a Virginia OB/GYN who reportedly performed hysterectomies and sterilizations on women without their consent ...
... issued the following statement responding to shocking allegations of forced sterilization at an immigration facility in Georgia ... Allegations of Forced Sterilization Underscore the Importance of Informed Consent. Americans United for Life. September 17, ... Informed consent serves as the backbone of a legitimate and humane healthcare system. Patients must be certain that they will ... No one should ever be subjected to a medical procedure to which they have not explicitly consented. Incredibly, it is not an ...
We are coming across rejections from some Medicaid HMOs stating that we do not have the proper consent form completed for any ... Our contention with this is that the wording on the form is for voluntary sterilization and not for sterilization being a side ... We are coming across rejections from some Medicaid HMOs stating that we do not have the proper consent form completed for any ...
Get involved Express your solidarity with survivors of forced and coerced sterilization in Canada ... Amnesty International is advocating alongside partner organizations to end forced and coerced sterilization of Indigenous women ... Sterilization of Indigenous women in Canada without Consent. Amnesty International is advocating alongside partner ... Amnesty International Submission to Senate Human Rights Committee on Sterilization without Consent ...
Competence; Consent; Education; Ethics; Ethics Committees; Federal Government; Government; Government Regulation; Health; ... Coercing Future Freedom: Consent and Capacities for Autonomous Choice  Epright, M Carmela (2010-12) ...
...  Appelbaum, Gabrielle M.; La Puma, John ( ... Sterilization and a Mentally Handicapped Minor: Providing Consent for One Who Cannot. Creator. Appelbaum, Gabrielle M. ... Alternatives; Case Studies; Children; Competence; Contraception; Consent; Consultation; Ethicists; Ethics; Ethics Committees; ... When sterilization of a mentally handicapped minor is entertained, issues of eugenics, medical ethics, and legal precedent ...
Ensure that doctors review all aspects of sterilization with patients prior to the procedure with this printable consent form. ... Sterilization Consent Form. Ensure that doctors review all aspects of sterilization with patients prior to the procedure with ... this printable consent form.. Download Free Version (PDF format). Download Editable Version for $3.99 (Word format). Download ...
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You can order an exact quantity instead of just one publication or product item. Just click on the title of the product you are interested in. For some items if you request a quantity of 1, you will receive exactly one item ...
Sterilization Consent Forms. *Sterilization Consent Form: English (257 KB). *Sterilization Consent Form: Spanish (español) (515 ... Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects (2.8 MB). *Notice: Provision of Abortion-Related ...
... are known to cause post sterilization syndrome aka post tubal ligation syndrome (PTLS). All forms of female… ... All forms of female sterilization (tubal ligation, Essure, filshie clips, etc…) ... When consent is not given, BATTERY occurs.. Primary financial gains occur at the time of the sterilization, and secondary gains ... When information is withheld and omissions occur consent is NOT given. When consent is not given, BATTERY occurs. ~ Susan ...
Snippets From 1009 - Physician Responsibility for Obtaining Sterilization Consent No snippets are available for this policy. ...
Procedure Background Postpartum tubal sterilization is a permanent contraceptive option for women. This procedure can be ... Patient Education and Informed Consent. Counseling for postpartum tubal sterilization is critical and should occur before the ... encoded search term (Postpartum Tubal Sterilization) and Postpartum Tubal Sterilization What to Read Next on Medscape. Related ... What is the most common surgical approach to postpartum tubal sterilization?. When is postpartum tubal sterilization indicated? ...
More than one-quarter of inmate sterilizations performed in California from mid-2005 to mid-2013 followed deficient consent ... Forced sterilization by the government sounds like a ghastly practice that ought to be safely locked away in the distant past. ... Involuntary sterilization gained traction in the U.S. in the early 1900s, along with the eugenics movement. Eventually 33 ... In Virginia, the state with the second-highest sterilization count, a bipartisan reparations bill failed to make it out of ...
Sterilisation, story-telling and consent. Posted on March 17, 2014. by policybristol ... I was offered at least three opportunities to consent to be sterilised, and I gave my consent three times, verbally and in ... This entry was posted in Security, conflict and justice, Uncategorized and tagged injustice, sterilisation, technology by ... In the 1990s, three hundred thousand people were sterilised in Peru without being offered the opportunity to consent or not to ...
Many of the more than 80 women who underwent sterilisation at the free government-run camp in the central state of Chhattisgarh ... many in a critical condition after a state-run mass sterilisation, a local official said on Tuesday. ... Feds propose consent decree to ensure care at Virginia jail. Associated Press ... Many of the more than 80 women who underwent sterilisation at the free government-run camp in the central state of Chhattisgarh ...
... (Consent Advice No. 3). Published: 16/02/2016 Female Sterilisation This paper provides advice for ... The aim is to ensure all women are given consistent and adequate information for consent. The consent form should be used ... If consent is required for additional procedures, further procedure-specific consent should be obtained. ... Please note: This document should be used as part of the process outlined on our main consent page. The form should be used to ...
Maybe youre missing a Consent for Sterilization form. ... Consent for Sterilization form before every sterilization. Then ... Wondering why Medicaid is denying your anesthesia claims performed during sterilization procedures? ... Voluntary informed consent is required by Indiana Medicaid before sterilization services will be paid for, and the consent form ... The consent form must be completed at least 30 days, but not more than 180 days, prior to the sterilization procedure, ...
Sterilization Consent Agreement (if necessary). *Behavior Fact Sheet. The animal(s) is then transported to the appropriate ...
C. State and Federal Policies Regarding Informed Consent and Sterilization. Dr. Louis Hellman, the Deputy Assistant Secretary ... Voluntary sterilization is legal in all states. Although most states have no statute regulating voluntary sterilization, over ... although on the surface women voluntarily consent to the procedure. (27) Sterilization might not be the choice of many women if ... that they were undergoing sterilization as a means of birth control, without consent. (65) The problem with the investigation ...
Thanks!Can a parent or legal guardian of a woman with down syndrome give consent for sterilization?. Not in California. The ... Can a parent or legal guardian of a woman with down syndrome give consent for sterilization? ... laws in California are very stringent on informed consent for sterilization and certainly no one other than the patient can ... research paper posing the stance that parents and guardians of women with down syndrome should be able to give full consent to ...
Image caption Dr Martino (centre) and some of his colleagues say they refused orders to sterilise women without their consent ... Rights group the Latin American Committee on Womens Rights (Cladem) says that as few as 10% of them might have given consent. ... Compensate all those sterilised without their consent. *Urge the judiciary and officials to investigate all cases of forced ... The office recommended: Guarantee freedom of choice, informed consent and access to all forms of contraception ...

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