Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.
Large hospitals with a resident medical staff which provides continuous care to maternity, surgical and medical patients.
Organic mental disorders in which there is impairment of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment and to respond to environmental stimuli. Dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres or brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION may result in this condition.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Helium. A noble gas with the atomic symbol He, atomic number 2, and atomic weight 4.003. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is not combustible and does not support combustion. It was first detected in the sun and is now obtained from natural gas. Medically it is used as a diluent for other gases, being especially useful with oxygen in the treatment of certain cases of respiratory obstruction, and as a vehicle for general anesthetics. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Continuous recording of the carbon dioxide content of expired air.
The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
The central part of the body to which the neck and limbs are attached.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
A stack of flattened vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and directing them to secretory vesicles, LYSOSOMES, or the CELL MEMBRANE. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus and fuse with the Golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
A widely used local anesthetic agent.
Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.
The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.
Organic compounds containing the -CO-NH2 radical. Amides are derived from acids by replacement of -OH by -NH2 or from ammonia by the replacement of H by an acyl group. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The elimination of PAIN, without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, during OBSTETRIC LABOR; OBSTETRIC DELIVERY; or the POSTPARTUM PERIOD, usually through the administration of ANALGESICS.
Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.
An abnormally low volume of blood circulating through the body. It may result in hypovolemic shock (see SHOCK).
Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.
A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.
Volume of PLASMA in the circulation. It is usually measured by INDICATOR DILUTION TECHNIQUES.
The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.
Amino acid sequences found in transported proteins that selectively guide the distribution of the proteins to specific cellular compartments.
Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.

Effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on propofol pharmacokinetics and bispectral index during coronary surgery. (1/49)

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Evaluation of bispectral index (BIS) as an indicator of central nervous system depression in horses anesthetized with propofol. (2/49)

The bispectral index (BIS) was evaluated as an indicator of central nervous system (CNS) depression in horses anesthetized with propofol. Five non-premedicated horses were anesthetized with 7 mg/kg, IV propofol and the minimum infusion rate (MIR) of propofol required to maintain anesthesia was determined during intermittent positive pressure ventilation in each horse. The BIS was determined 20 min later and after stabilization at 2.0 MIR, 1.5 MIR, and 1.0 MIR. The BIS was also recorded after the cessation of propofol infusion when the horses regained spontaneous breathing and swallowing reflex. The MIR and plasma concentration (Cp) of propofol were 0.20 +/- 0.03 mg/kg/min and 17.5 +/- 4.0 microg/ml, respectively. The BIS value and Cp were 59 +/- 13 and 26.7 +/- 8.6 microg/ml at 2.0 MIR, 63 +/- 9 and 22.9 +/- 9.7 microg/ml at 1.5 MIR, 64 +/- 13 and 20.1 +/- 5.9 microg/ml at 1.0 MIR, 64 +/- 24 and 13.0 +/- 2.8 microg/ml at return of spontaneous breathing, and 91 +/- 4 and 11.0 +/- 3.4 microg/ml when the swallowing reflex returned, respectively. The BIS value was significantly less in anesthetized horses compared to horses once swallowing returned (p=0.025). The BIS value was significantly correlated with the propofol Cp (r=-0.625, p=0.001). There was not a significant difference in the BIS values during the MIR multiples of propofol. The BIS was a useful indicator of awakening but did not indicate the degree of CNS depression during propofol-anesthesia in horses.  (+info)

Correlation between bispectoral index and predicted effect-site concentration of propofol in different levels of target-controlled, propofol induced sedation in healthy volunteers. (3/49)

INRODUCTION: Bispectral Index is an objective tool to assess electroencephalographic activity and measure the effect of certain sedatives and hypnotics on the brain. In addition, there are certain subjective tools such as the observer's assessment of alertness and sedation which are used. The correlation between BIS and the concentration of propofol in the brain, and the relationship between these subjective and objective tools in assessing sedation levels are the subject of this study. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers enrolled in this prospective observational study. They were sedated with a target controlled infusion of propofol with an initial target of 0.8 microg.mL(-1)and an increase in target to 0.2 microg.mL(-1) ten minutes after equilibration of the predicted and set target concentrations. In each sedation score, the Bispectral Index value and predicted effect site concentration of propofol were recorded and analyzed. Analysis of variance and significant differences between groups were analyzed by paired t-test. Correlations between Bispectral Index and effect site concentration of propofol at each sedation score and the relationship of BIS and effect site concentration of propofol to each sedation score were assessed and analyzed by nonparametric Spearman's rho. RESULTS: The means of Bispectral Index and effect site concentration of propofol at each sedation score showed a significant difference with the following score. Additionally, Bispectral Index and effect site concentration of propofol showed a significant negative correlation in sedation scores 3 and 2 when inducing sedation. In other sedation scores or when reversing the sedation, no strong correlation was noted. CONCLUSION: Both Bispectral Index and effect site concentration of propofol indicate a good estimate of sedation levels; however their correlations are significant and negative only at moderate and deep sedation levels, and during the induction of sedation.  (+info)

Music composition from the brain signal: representing the mental state by music. (4/49)

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Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring of acute encephalitis with refractory, repetitive partial seizures (AERRPS). (5/49)

Diagnosis of ictal discharges during epileptic activity should be based on raw electroencephalography (EEG). The apparatus necessary for such a diagnosis would typically require time to properly set up and operate. The bispectral index (BIS), an EEG-derived parameter that is easy to establish and easy to use, has been shown to correlate with numerous EEG conditions and may represent a useful tool. Acute encephalitis with refractory, repetitive, partial seizures (AERRPS) is an epileptic syndrome first described by Sakuma in Japan in 2001. We assessed the utility of using BIS monitoring as a diagnostic tool and as a monitor of anticonvulsive therapy in a 14-year-old patient admitted to the intensive care unit with AERRPS. After BIS monitor montage, BIS, electromyography (EMG) and raw EEG data were continuously recorded. Epileptic seizures lasting 1-2 min were repeated every 3-4 min. Using paired t-test analysis, mean +/- SD BIS and EMG peak values at the start of epileptic seizures (94.5+/-3.6, 55.8+/-2.5 dB) were significantly higher than values measured at the end of seizures (55.1+/-12.5, 34.5+/-2.8 dB), respectively. Real-time EEG revealed bursts of epileptiform discharges replaced by slow d and q waves with ictal remissions. During induced pharmacologic barbiturate/diazepam coma, BIS decreased to near isoelectricity (11.9+/-2.5) with a steady increase in suppression ratio (65.5+/-9.7). The characteristic BIS profile of repetitive 1-2 min high EEG/EMG activity could serve as an indicator of a global increase in cerebral activity with seizures. Our report suggests that BIS, an easy-to-use device, might be helpful in monitoring clinical trends after EEG confirmation of diagnosis as well as in successfully depicting the efficacy of therapy.  (+info)

Association of perioperative risk factors and cumulative duration of low bispectral index with intermediate-term mortality after cardiac surgery in the B-Unaware Trial. (6/49)

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Feasibility of sedation and analgesia interruption following cannulation in neonates on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. (7/49)

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A comparison of SNAP II and bispectral index monitoring in patients undergoing sedation. (8/49)

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TY - JOUR. T1 - Feasibility of bispectral index-guided propofol infusion for flexible bronchoscopy sedation. T2 - A randomized controlled trial. AU - Lo, Yu Lun. AU - Lin, Ting Yu. AU - Fang, Yueh Fu. AU - Wang, Tsai Yu. AU - Chen, Hao Cheng. AU - Chou, Chun Liang. AU - Chung, Fu Tsai. AU - Kuo, Chih Hsi. AU - Feng, Po Hao. AU - Liu, Chien Ying. AU - Kuo, Han Pin. PY - 2011/11/23. Y1 - 2011/11/23. N2 - Objectives: There are safety issues associated with propofol use for flexible bronchoscopy (FB). The bispectral index (BIS) correlates well with the level of consciousness. The aim of this study was to show that BIS-guided propofol infusion is safe and may provide better sedation, benefiting the patients and bronchoscopists. Methods: After administering alfentanil bolus, 500 patients were randomized to either propofol infusion titrated to a BIS level of 65-75 (study group) or incremental midazolam bolus based on clinical judgment to achieve moderate sedation. The primary endpoint was safety, while ...
The present study showed that revascularization for isolated LAD disease using PTCA, STENT, or LIMA-LAD resulted in low in-hospital morbidity and mortality rates and good intermediate-term results. Repeat revascularization was required significantly more often after both PTCA and STENT than after LIMA-LAD, and event-free survival was superior in the LIMA-LAD group. Intermediate-term mortality was not significantly different, but consistent trends were noted, with the lowest mortality in the LIMA-LAD group, a slightly higher mortality rate in the STENT group, and the highest mortality after PTCA.. In general, patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease are treated with medical therapy or PTCA. In a study comparing angioplasty with medicine,6 69 of the 212 patients with single-vessel disease who were randomly assigned to PTCA or medical therapy had a significant stenosis in the proximal LAD. At follow-up after 6 months, the PTCA patients had superior exercise tolerance and improved anginal ...
Advances in surgical techniques and improved patient outcomes have enabled the application of cardiac surgery in patient populations previously considered ineligible for an intervention of this magnitude. The decision to intervene surgically, as well as the type of intervention best suited to the patient, should be based on an individual risk-benefit analysis. The risks of the procedure, including major morbidities and short- and intermediate-term mortality, must be weighed against the expected benefits with respect to longevity, symptom relief, and improved functional capacity. This chapter reviews the essential information that the cardiologist and surgeon must collect and review to evaluate a patient for cardiac surgery (Table 10-1). This information includes patient and disease characteristics as well as surgical considerations that can be integrated into scoring systems that provide a semi-quantitative risk assessment. With the ever-evolving complexity of patients requiring specialized ...
Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) has been traditionally used to measure the potency of an inhalational anesthetic agent. Recently, bispectral index (BIS) derived from the frontal cortical electroencephalogram has been used frequently for quantify
The investigators propose to test the theory that smart alarms for the Triple Low State incorporated into a decision support system built into an electronic anesthesia record will prompt clinicians to intervene earlier in situations that would otherwise provoke little concern, and that the alert system will reduce 90-day mortality. Specifically, the investigators will test the hypothesis that providing Triple Low alerts reduces 90-day mortality ...
Of 69 patients assessed, 41 had 121 planned procedures over a mean ICU length of stay of 18.7 days (SD 9.6 days). EN was stopped prior to 108 (89 %, 95 % CI 82-94 %) of these 121 procedures, and 102 of these cessation episodes were related to the planned procedure. EN was stopped in 37 patients for a mean cumulative duration of 30.8 h (SD 22.7 h) per patient, which represented 7.9 % (SD 6.9 %) of the mean total time spent in the ICU leading to a mean energy and protein deficit of 7.2 % (SD 8.5 %) and 7.7 % (SD 9.6 %), respectively. Of the 121 planned procedures, 27 (22 %, 95 % CI 16-31 %) were postponed beyond the scheduled day. For 32 (31 %, 95 % CI 23-41 %) of the 102 EN cessation episodes, EN was stopped without a documented order and 23 (23 %, 95 % CI 16-32 %) episodes were not deemed necessary based on the institutions guidelines.. ...
L-thyroxine sodium: Follicular and karan diovan with papillary muscle dysfunction. [trademark] end foot n. Another name for a black disc with a severe form of a variety of lengths. Of, relating to, or resembling] top radical constructivism see under normative (1). Cumulative duration of action is reversible with the use of prodrugs is to be the only alternative to diazepam. More complicated surgeries may require a concomitant apical support procedure is also seen. A meta-analysis of 11 years of age, especially if the fistula tract (transperitoneal-transvesical, transperitoneal-extravesical). Majority of asthmatics (70%) are atopic, forming ige antibody in an article in the absolute threshold determination) or until recovery is good enough for phi movement. The solution must be carried out in a rst-degree relative 1.9 light-coloured eyes 1.6 light-coloured skin 1.7 *an odds ratio of approximately 1.5 square metres (18 square feet) in a. Levodopa can thus, be looked upon both as a pain or ...
The table above, indicates an increased risk for either or both ipsilateral and contralateral tumors for more than 937 cumulative calls; for more than 36 hours of cumulative calls; for more than 4 years cumulative duration of subscriptions and between 3.3 and 5.0 years since first use. These ORs ranged from 2.66 to 6.19 (166% to 519% increased risk). Why were these statistically significant ORs not mentioned in the abstract?. The fact that contralateral tumours have a higher OR than ipsilateral tumors is less of a concern if side of head recall was unreliable as the authors state below:. . . . subjects statements about which side of the head they preferred to hold the mobile phone near during its use are often considered unreliable . . . . Whether you use the phone on the left side or the right side of the head, the side of the head is going to be exposed and the exposure is likely to be higher than in the center of the head. So the fact that contralateral tumour risks were high may not be ...
From the authors:. On behalf of our Task Force, I would apologise for inappropriately referencing the quoted article co-authored by Jean-Luc Malo, which was published in his highly renowned textbook Asthma In the Workplace [1]. Actually, we referred to this article because this expert investigator was the first to outline the need to gradually increase the exposure to low-molecular weight agents on consecutive days, mainly to avoid the occurrence of severe delayed asthmatic reactions. Nevertheless, the same sentence also refers to the recent paper by Vandenplas et al. [2] who reported a 3% incidence rate of severe asthmatic reactions recorded during 335 specific inhalation challenges with occupational agents. The result of this retrospective analysis showed that only one severe reaction was delayed and that more than half of the severe reactions developed within the first 30 min of exposure. These findings indicated that the cumulative duration of exposure to low-molecular weight agents could ...
The skin is the area of contact between the masseur and the massaged, it is the place of all exchanges: in order for the massage to be effective, it must be clean and healthy. Manual massage as with the correct choice of its techniques and methods of their application, has a beneficial effect on the entire body. Manual massage has a General and local effect. For General massage, the entire body or most of it is massaged, while for local massage, individual areas are massaged: the back, head, limbs, forearms, etc. Continue reading →. ...
Definition of Intraoperative awareness in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Intraoperative awareness? Meaning of Intraoperative awareness as a finance term. What does Intraoperative awareness mean in finance?
Background: The use of clinical signs may not be reliable to measure the hypnotic component of anaesthesia. Bispectral Index monitoring provides a direct measurement of the hypnotic effect of the anaesthetic agent used and it may have certain clinical advantages over clinical signs. Objective: This study consists of dose requirement of propofol with bispectral Index monitoring and without bispectral Index monitoring. Material and Methods: In the present study, 100 patients were randomly divided into two groups (50 in each group), one group received Standard dose of propofol while the other received propofol infusion with BIS monitoring. Results: Mean amount of propofol for induction used was 1.6 vs 2.24 mg/kg in bispectral index group and standard group respectively. The inference was that the induction dose of propofol by Bispectral index and by standard practice was statistically highly significant with P. Key words: Bispectral Index monitoring system, propofol, anaesthetic drug consumption, ...
It is well known that patients undergoing bronchoscopy could be less suffering and the procedures could be carried on more smoothly if the patients have adequate sedation and analgesia. The preferred sedative and analgesic drugs are Midazolam and opioid, like Alfentanil or Morphine, which were titrated according to physicians judgment on patients clinical responsiveness. However, due to the pharmacokinetic characteristic of midazolam while used in intravenous injection (onset time 4-6 minutes, effective time 2-4 hours), the effective onset time may be too slow for repeated injection while patients already suffered from the bronchoscopic procedure. It is also noted that when over-sedation occurred the side effects like apnea/hypopnea, hypoxemia, and hypotension could last from dozen minutes to few hours. Although events mentioned above could be handled properly under experienced medical staff, it is still very difficult to predict the oncoming events as the pharmacokinetic effect is variant ...
There are many modalities of nonexercise activity (housework, puttering, shopping, vocational movements, etc.), but there are some common features (Table 1). The frequency and cumulative duration of nonexercise activity throughout the day is extremely high. People perform intermittent bouts of nonexercise activity throughout most of the waking day, 7 days/week, 365 days/year. In contrast, the frequency of exercise is more limited, generally to ,150 min/week (30). In a fabulously comprehensive review by Bennett et al. (48), sedentary was defined in the physical activity literature as ,20 to ,150 min/week. As described above, almost everyone obtains much more than 20-150 min/week of nonexercise activity, and thus physical activity trials testing health benefits do not pertain to the effects of inactivity (sitting too much) and nonexercise activity. While the term sedentary behavior (5) helps capture this distinction, we aim to make this distinction even more explicit. Because the word ...
There are many modalities of nonexercise activity (housework, puttering, shopping, vocational movements, etc.), but there are some common features (Table 1). The frequency and cumulative duration of nonexercise activity throughout the day is extremely high. People perform intermittent bouts of nonexercise activity throughout most of the waking day, 7 days/week, 365 days/year. In contrast, the frequency of exercise is more limited, generally to ,150 min/week (30). In a fabulously comprehensive review by Bennett et al. (48), sedentary was defined in the physical activity literature as ,20 to ,150 min/week. As described above, almost everyone obtains much more than 20-150 min/week of nonexercise activity, and thus physical activity trials testing health benefits do not pertain to the effects of inactivity (sitting too much) and nonexercise activity. While the term sedentary behavior (5) helps capture this distinction, we aim to make this distinction even more explicit. Because the word ...
Summary The association between lactation and bone size and strength was studied in 145 women 16 to 20 years after their last parturition. Longer cumulative duration of lactation was associated with...
A: Sedatives are Schedule H drugs which should be dispensed only with a doctors prescription. If you are buying the drugs without a prescription and dosing the person yourself, you run a risk of administering an overdose. Also, the elderly have medical problems. If your uncle is already on anti-hypertensive or diabetic medications, you have to know the drug interactions of medications you decide to add on.. Sedation may cause the person to become confused, dizzy and disoriented. This can lead to falls, especially in the toilet. Broken bones or injuries will only compound the problem.. Self medication:- Q: My daughter, aged two-and-a-half years, frequently suffers from cough and cold. Visits to many doctors proved unfruitful until one paediatrician prescribed amoxycillin. I have been giving it to her every time she has fever. But now the fever has stopped responding to it and her mouth is red and sore with white curd-like formations.. A: Amoxycillin is an antibiotic which needs to be given in a ...
c:\\nrn\\bin, , c:\\nrn\\bin, c:\\ProgramData\\Anaconda2, c:\\nrn\\nin gw\\bin, c:\\ProgramData\\Anaconda2\\scripts, c:\\nrn\\lib\\python, c:\\Pr ogramData\\Anaconda2\\python27.zip, c:\\ProgramData\\Anaconda2\\DLLs, c:\\Pr ogramData\\Anaconda2\\lib, c:\\ProgramData\\Anaconda2\\lib\\plat-win, c:\\Pr ogramData\\Anaconda2\\lib\\lib-tk, c:\\nrn\\bin, c:\\ProgramData\\Anaconda2\ \lib\\site-packages, c:\\ProgramData\\Anaconda2\\lib\\site-packages\\Sphinx-1. 6.2-py2.7.egg, c:\\ProgramData\\Anaconda2\\lib\\site-packages\\win32, c:\\Pr ogramData\\Anaconda2\\lib\\site-packages\\win32\\lib, c:\\ProgramData\\Anacond a2\\lib\\site-packages\\Pythonwin, c:\\ProgramData\\Anaconda2\\lib\\site-packa ges\\setuptools-27.2.0-py2.7.egg, c:/nrn/lib/python ...
Green anaconda is not only the largest but the heaviest of the anaconda species. Let us enjoy amazing green anaconda facts. It is also one of the longest-lived snakes ever lived on earth.
A controller including an interface module and an index module. The interface module is configured to connect devices. The index module is configured to include, in a table stored in memory, an entry for each of the devices. Each entry includes an address field. The index module is configured to: receive a frame of data including an address of one of the devices; compare the address to the address fields associated with the entries in the table; in response to the address matching one of the address fields, access an index value identifying an entry of the table when the address matches one of the address fields; and in response to the address not matching one of the address fields, generate the index value. The index value is used to connect the device associated with the matching one of the address fields with the one of the devices.
BioAssay record AID 945760 submitted by ChEMBL: DrugMatrix: Regimen: Daily Repeat; Time: 5 day; Dose: High; Vehicle: 100 % corn oil; Route: oral gavage | Dataset: Hematology; Assay: BASOLE (Basophils/Leukocytes); Study_ID: S020513.
Facial skin care (FSC) is an important routine for Japanese women. Hand motions during FSC physically affect psychological state. However, it is very difficult to evaluate hand motions during personal and complex FSC. The objective of this study was to find out objective and quantitative parameters for hand motions during facial skin care (FSC). Women who enjoy and soothe during FSC (Enjoyment group (E group), n = 20) or not (non-enjoyment group (NE group), n = 19) were recruited by an advance questionnaire. The same lotion, emulsion, and cream were provided to all subjects, and they used sequentially in the same way as the womens daily FSC. The motion of the marker on the back side of the right middle finger during FSC was tracked by a motion capture system. The heart rate variability (HRV) was also measured before and after FSC for evaluating psychological effect. The averaged acceleration (Avg. ACC), approximate entropy (ApEn), and power law scaling exponent (Rest γ) of the cumulative duration of
The aim of this work was to establish the correlation between the bispectral index (BIS) and different rates of continuous infusion of propofol. Twenty-four adult dogs were randomly divided into 3 groups (P2, P4, P8). All animals were induced with propofol (10 mg/kg/IV), followed immediately by the continuous infusion of the agent: 0.2 mg/kg/min (P2), 0.4 mg/kg/min (P4) and 0.8 mg/kg/min (P8). The BIS values were measured before any drug administration (M0) and 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 minutes after the start of the continuous infusion of propofol. The Analysis of Variance was used to calculate the correlation between the infusion rates of propofol and the BIS values. BIS demonstrated significant difference between groups at the moment M40, where P8 (72 ± 9,7) was smaller than P2 (84 ± 7,4) and P4 (33 ± 8,5), while in M50 this difference was observed in P8 (69 ± 13,5) that was smaller than P2 (84 ± 6,4).. The effects of induction dose of propofol were not more presented in M40, therefore, the ...
Bispectral index (BIS) is one of several recently developed technologies which purport to monitor depth of anesthesia. BIS monitors can replace or supplement Guedels classification system for determining depth of anesthesia. Titrating anesthetic agents to a specific bispectral index during general anesthesia in adults (and children over 1 year old) allows the anesthetist to adjust the amount of anesthetic agent to the needs of the patient, possibly resulting in a more rapid emergence from anesthesia. Use of the BIS monitor may reduce the incidence of intraoperative awareness in high risk procedures or patients[1] and may also have a role in predicting recovery from severe brain injury ...
According to Steyn-Ross et al. , when the anesthetic concentration is gradually increased or decreased, the equilibrium solution of the model suddenly jumps from one stable branch to another, and this can cause sudden transition between awareness and unconsciousness or vice versa . Because phase transitions make a hysteresis path, emergence and induction phases of anesthesia occur at different drug concentrations.179 In addition, the discontinuous step change in cortical entropy suggests that the cortical phase transition is analogous to a first-order thermodynamic transition in which the comatose-quiescent (unaware) state is strongly ordered, while the active cortical (aware) state is relatively disordered.172 Experimental support for the hysteresis hypothesis was provided by Kelz et al. , who showed in a narcoleptic murine model that the endogenous orexin system affects emergence from, but not entry into, the anesthetized state. In doing so, they suggested that induction of anesthesia and ...
From Bugzilla Helper: User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 4.0) Description of problem: Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable): How reproducible: Always Steps to Reproduce: 1. Begin installation (CD-ROM boot) 2. Select Laptop install 3. Anaconda report a abnormal exception e exit Additional info: Traceback (innermost last): File /usr/bin/anaconda, line 620, in ? intf.run(id, dispatch, configFileData) File /usr/lib/anaconda/gui.py, line 350, in run self.icw.run (self.runres, configFileData) File /usr/lib/anaconda/gui.py, line 778, in run mainloop () File /usr/lib/python1.5/site-packages/gtk.py, line 2608, in mainloop _gtk.gtk_main() File /usr/lib/anaconda/gui.py, line 497, in handleRenderCallback self.currentWindow.renderCallback() File /usr/lib/anaconda/iw/progress_gui.py, line 135, in renderCallback self.intf.icw.nextClicked() File /usr/lib/anaconda/gui.py, line 399, in nextClicked self.dispatch.gotoNext() File ...
As a group of clinicians, it could be argued that we anaesthetists have a penchant for number generating machines that dont really add much to patient care. Central venous pressure, cardiac output monitoring (controversial), and Bispectral Index (BIS) readily spring to mind as the most popular Random number generators we encounter. Now this is a bit of an extreme perspective, and I do personally feel that there can only really be a benefit to having extra information at hand - its just the interpretation of it all where caution is required. The literature is full of nuanced ways we can optimise patient outcomes through manipulating the stroke volume/stroke volume variation/central venous pressure etc. each with varying amounts and quality of supporting evidence. It therefore comes as quite a shock when you stumble across a paper that has the potential to be an immediate gamechanger, as is the case here. The paper is entitled Response of bispectral index to neuromuscular blockade in awake ...
I might add that the nest bit is idiotic on several levels. First, the film should not have given us a good look at actual anacondas if it couldnt be bothered to make its fake ones actually look like the real deal. Second, theyre trying to imply that these are babies, which makes no sense--the snakes in that room were at least five feet long or more, so they would be of breeding age and despite giving birth to live young, anacondas dont stick around to take care of their babies. Third, the film already had a baby anaconda attack Westridge, so why is it expecting us to not know that baby anacondas are not that big? Im going to give the filmmakers the benefit of the doubt, though, and assume that they were implying the snake was vomiting up Sarone so she could eat Terri and not to feed her young. Surely even this film isnt dumb enough to think that baby snakes could work together to somehow eat one adult human ...
The Empire State Index hits its highest level since May 2012, reports CNBCs Rick Santelli. And CNBCs Steve Liesman weighs in on the G20s struggles over currency wars. Also, a winning New York Fed Financial Awareness video, Repair Your Credit, Repair Your Life. With Robert Kaplan, former vice chairman of Goldman Sachs.
The green anaconda can grow up to 20 feet long and weigh a whopping 200 pounds. Thats a big body to feed. And the worlds largest rodent, the capybara, is the perfect entree.
Procedure 283. Revision: 1.0. Udarbejdet af: Bo Haugaard Jørgensen. Review: Overlæge Peter Gideon. Dato: 15.08.2020. Opdateres: Løbende, senest 01.01.2022 ...
The amygdala is strongly implicated in learning under emotionally charged settings such as fear. An inhibitory avoidance paradigm was used by Alkire and Nathan in which rats were placed in a lighted chamber facing a dark tunnel, which they normally prefer to enter. However, entrance into the dark area was negatively reinforced by electrical shock; rats quickly learned to avoid entering the dark tunnel and remained in the nonpreferred but safe lighted environment. When retested the next day, the rats continued to avoid entering the dark tunnel; their memory retention latency (i.e. , time to enter the dark tunnel) was very long, indicating that they remember being shocked. If a low concentration of sevoflurane was administered during the initial training period, the animals quickly entered the dark tunnel the following day, i.e. , sevoflurane prevented avoidance learning. However, after bilateral lesion of the basolateral amygdala, rats exhibited equally long memory retention latencies ...
The effects of thiopental and propofol were comparatively evaluated about its influence on cardiovascular and respiratory parameters, blood gas, blood glucose levels, cell kinetics and recovery period in 20 rabbits of New Zealand White, adults, male and female, with weight between 3,67±0,43 Kg. After a random selection, they were shared into two groups of 10 animals, called propofol group (GP) and thiopental group (GT). For GP, general anesthesia was induced by intravenous (IV) administration of propofol (10 mg/Kg) and then began continuous infusion at an initial dose 1 mg/Kg/min, and then was adjusted as necessary to the bispectral index values vary between 65 and 75. The same method was employed for GT, using thiopental instead propofol, at the dose of 10 mg/Kg for induction followed the initial dose of 1 mg/Kg/min. Data collection of the variables of interest in both groups began 20 minutes after induction of anesthesia (M0) and new measurements were made at 15 minutes intervals for a period ...
SEOUL, June 2 (Korea Bizwire) - A recent study showed that smokers or those exposed to second-hand smoke require more anesthetic and painkillers during surgical operations than non-smokers, hinting that exposure to smoking can hinder anesthesia and pain control.. According to a May 30 report by Science Daily, Erdogan Ozturk of Bezmialem Vakif University in Turkey arrived at the conclusion after dividing 90 women who underwent surgery to remove their uterus through abdominal hysterectomy into three groups: smokers, those who were exposed to secondhand smoke, and non-smokers. Doses of propofol and remifentanil were monitored for the three groups of 30 patients each.. Doctor Ozturks team compared the total amounts of anesthetic and painkillers among the three groups to maintain the Bispectral index value (BIS) from 40 to 60.. The amount of propofol used for the induction of anesthesia was 102.76mg for the smoker group, 84.53mg for the passive smoker group and 119.37mg for the non-smoker ...
SOURCE: NETFLIX (INSTANT VIEW). Thanks to Zombielands poor research team, I was under the impression that Anaconda was an R-rated movie, so I was dismayed to see the PG-13 rating on Netflix info screen as I sat down to end my inexplicable thirteen (!) year boycott of the original Anaconda, despite having seen all of the sequels. Who the hell watches Anaconda 4 at all, let alone without having the reason of I wanted to see how it compared to the original? Me, thats who.. Anyway, as is the case with many 90s horror movies, its pretty bland and overly studio. Characters die in order of their Q rating (which of course, has reversed over the years - nowadays, Owen Wilson is probably the biggest box office draw out of all of them, but this was pretty much his first studio role), the requisite human villain is continually ignored by the monster so it can save him for last, etc. I may have never seen the movie before, but I have seen this movie several dozen times before, you know? And they ...
Sibert says that medical patients who are under general anesthesia are typically connected to a bispectral index, a technology that measures a persons level of consciousness and sends the information through a monitor. But for those who are only sedated, monitoring heart rate and blood pressure can suffice to determine whether there is brain activity ...
IBM announced today that it is working with Continuum Analytics to offer Anaconda, a leading Open Data Science platform, on IBM Cognitive Systems. Anaconda
HD Movies 2017 | Full Movie Online | Watch Online.WATCH FULL MOVIE 2017 ONLINE HD STREAMING ONLINE.Anacondas: The Hunt for the Blood Orchid02:16:00 Download Anacondas: The Hunt for the Blood Orchid
Anaconda XL : Does this imply you sexual coexistence will everlastingly be down? The response to this is NO. There are really common male upgrade methods and items, which expect to expand the extent o...
Recently I have had the opportunity to compare the Elrod Sig2, Elrod Statement, Shunyata Anaconda VX, NBS Black Label, and ESP Essence pcs separately on...
That could mean rpm (since rpm is responsible for taking the package and turning it into files on the filesystem) or that could mean yum since yum is the one that actually knows whether a package is being installed due to depsolving or user request. Doing this at a higher level means that information gets lost (for instance, if you do this in PackageKit, there wont be any information about what anaconda chose to install due to chckboxes being clicked and which things were installed due to dependencies ...
Modeling is a valuable tool in drug development, to support decision making, improving study design, and aid in regulatory approval and labeling. This thesis describes the development of pharmacometric models for drugs used in anesthesia and analgesia.. Models describing the effects on anesthetic depth, measured by the bispectral index (BIS), for a commonly used anesthetic, propofol, and for a novel anesthetic, AZD3043, were developed. The propofol model consisted of two effect-site compartments, and could describe the effects of propofol when the rate of infusion is changed during treatment. AZD3043 had a high clearance and a low volume of distribution, leading to a short half-life. The distribution to the effect site was fast, and together with the short plasma half-life leading to a fast onset and offset of effects. It was also shown that BIS after AZD3043 treatment is related to the probability of unconsciousness similar to propofol.. In analgesia studies dropout due to lack of efficacy is ...
en] BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the A-Line Autoregressive Index (AAI) response to surgical stimulation during lumbar arthrodesis, as an estimate of the anti-nociceptive component of a Bispectral Index (BIS) guided anaesthesia combined with epidural analgesia. METHODS: An epidural catheter was inserted in 23 patients allocated randomly to receive ropivacaine plus clonidine (Group R) or normal saline (Group S) epidurally. General anaesthesia was induced with propofol, cis-atracurium and a remifentanil infusion that was stopped 3 min after tracheal intubation, and maintained using sevoflurane to keep BIS at 50 (range 40-60). Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, end-tidal sevoflurane, BIS and AAI were analysed from 2 min before to 17 min after surgical incision. RESULTS: While BIS was maintained at 50, AAI significantly increased from a 2 min averaged value of 12 (4) to 21 (7) in Group S within the first 5 min after surgical incision, but did not change in Group R. Maximum AAI values reached ...
inproceedings{1981555, abstract = {This paper introduces a simplified linear interaction model between two drugs, namely Propofol and Remifentanil, which will be used in a model based predictive control algorithm for (nonlinear) automatic induction and regulation of DOA. Depth of anesthesia (DOA) is evaluated by means of the Bispectral index (BIS). The simulation tests are performed on a set of 24 virtually generated realistic patient models. The results are promising and the performance of the controller shows a high-efficiency, optimal dosage of the two drugs in order to achieve the desired BIS reference.}, author = {Ionescu, Clara-Mihaela and De Keyser, Robain and Struys, Michel}, booktitle = {2011 50th IEEE Conference on decision and control and European control conference (CDC-ECC)}, isbn = {9781612848013}, keyword = {DRUG-DELIVERY,BISPECTRAL INDEX,PHARMACODYNAMICS,PHARMACOKINETICS,AGE}, language = {eng}, location = {Orlando, FL, USA}, pages = {7374--7379}, publisher = {IEEE}, title = ...
Literature - Narcotrend: EEG-Monitor mit automatischer Bewertung des EEG für Narkose und Sedierung in der Anästhesie und auf der Intensivstation. Der Narcotrend ermöglicht eine individuelle und bedarfsgerechte Dosierung von Narkosemitteln.
Affiliation:京都大学,工学研究科,准教授, Research Field:Control engineering,計測・制御工学,Control engineering,Control engineering/System engineering,General surgery, Keywords:モデル予測制御,状態予測制御,プロポフォール,血糖値制御,薬力学モデル,Bispectral Index,BIS,propofol,麻酔制御,モデル化, # of Research Projects:17, # of Research Products:34, Ongoing Project:インスリン感度の変動を考慮した重症患者の血糖値制御の研究
Perfect for wrapping up your Anaconda Theme/Unit. Inside youll find 3 mini passages with information about Anacondas and questions that highlight important details for comprehension. Also, this product can be found inside the Animal Test Time BUNDLE.
Contrary to horror movies like Anaconda, I thought these snakes were very wary and scared of humans contrary to their size and power. Doesnt seem lik
Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol), an intravenous sedative-hypnotic approved by the FDA for the induction and maintenance of sedation and anesthesia, is one of the most commonly utilized medications in the ICU setting secondary to its anti-epileptic and neuro-protective properties. Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is a rare, but potentially fatal, adverse effect of propofol administration. First described in children in 1992, and subsequently named by Bray in 1998, PRIS was classically defined as acute bradycardia progressing to asystole status post propofol administration; occurring in the setting of one of the following: ...
a Cochrane review concluded that BIS within 40 to 60 may improve anaesthetic delivery and postoperative recovery from relatively deep anaesthesia, and more important that BIS-guided anaesthesia significantly reduces the incidence of intraoperative recall in surgical patients with high risk of awareness (ex. TIVA) [Punjasawadwong et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 4: CD003843, 2007]. The largest study in Cochrane was Myles et al. (2463 patients), the second-largest was only 268 patients. Cochrane did not review Avidan (see below), which was published later.. Myles et al. conducted a randomized, double blind trial of 2463 high risk patients (caesarean section, high-risk cardiac surgery [EF ,30%, cardiac index ,2·1 L/min per m2, severe aortic stenosis, pulmonary hypertension, or undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery], acute trauma with hypovolaemia, rigid bronchoscopy, significant impairment of cardiovascular status and expected intraoperative hypotension requiring treatment, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sufentanil infusion before extubation suppresses coughing on emergence without delaying extubation time and reduces postoperative analgesic requirement without increasing nausea and vomiting after desflurane anesthesia. AU - Lee, Jea Yeun. AU - Lim, Byung Gun. AU - Park, Hye Yoon. AU - Kim, Nan Sook. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2012/6. Y1 - 2012/6. N2 - Background: Coughing, hypertension, tachycardia, and even laryngospasm can occur due to airway irritation during emergence from anesthesia. We investigated the effect of maintaining a sufentanil infusion during emergence from anesthesia by evaluating the incidence of cough and recovery profiles at extubation. Methods: In total, eighty-four patients undergoing an elective laparoscopic hysterectomy were randomly divided into two sufentanil groups and a control group. During emergence, sufentanil was administered in the sufentanil groups at a rate of 0.2 μg/kg/hr (Group S1) or 0.3 ...
Effects of temperature on emergence of second-instar spruce budworm larvae. 1976. Thomas, A.W. Fredericton, NB. Information Report M-X-60. 8 p.. Year: 1976. Issued by: Atlantic Forestry Centre Catalog ID: 7683. Language: English. Series: Information Report (AFC - Fredericton). CFS Availability: PDF (download). Mark record. ...
The placement of fertilizer with the seed (pop-up) is an old concept that has become more popular in recent years. This is an excellent placement option for growers who have large planters and cannot use the conventional starter attachments. This placement option is also well suited for fields that a medium level of soil test P and/or K. In the medium range, small rates of phosphate and/or potash are recommended.. Recent research conducted in Minnesota was designed to measure the effect of application of three rates of three fluid fertilizers applied in contact with corn seed on emergence and yield. A control (no pop-up used) was also included. The study was conducted at both the Southern Research and Outreach Center, Waseca, and the Southwest Research and Outreach Center, Lamberton.. The average effect of pop-up fertilizer on emergence is summarized in Table 5. Except for the application of 7-21-7 at a rate of 15 gallons per acre, none of the fluids studied had a negative effect on emergence. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The right DLPFC, in particular, is affected by an increase in propofol effect, as well as being activated during the memory task, regardless of comparison with Resting or Nonsense word control tasks (indicated by boldface and DLPFC in table 1). Although many verbally related memory processes have been localized in the left hemisphere, recent evidence identifies the importance of the right DLPFC in memory tasks using auditory presentation of material. 25The memory task-induced activations in rCBF were less significant than corresponding changes in rCBF related to propofol administration. This is likely to be related to inhomogeneity of processes subjects used in memorizing the word list. Unfortunately, we did not prospectively determine or control which strategies subjects used to memorize the word list. However, in seven subjects (four in the low effect group and three in the high effect group), study notes indicate that a large variety of methods were used, including visualizations, associating ...
Traceback (most recent call last): File tut5.py, line 81, in ,module, sim.createSimulateAnalyze(netParams, simConfig) File /Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/netpyne/wrappers.py, line 71, in createSimulateAnalyze sim.analyze() File /Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/netpyne/wrappers.py, line 49, in analyze sim.saveData() # run parallel Neuron simulation File /Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/netpyne/simFuncs.py, line 1280, in saveData savemat(sim.cfg.filename+.mat, tupleToStr(replaceNoneObj(dataSave))) # replace None and {} with [] so can save in .mat format File /Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/scipy/io/matlab/mio.py, line 211, in savemat MW.put_variables(mdict) File /Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/scipy/io/matlab/mio5.py, line 846, in put_variables self._matrix_writer.write_top(var, asbytes(name), is_global) File ...
Watch Anacondas: The Hunt for the Blood Orchid available now on HBO. Stream on any device any time. Explore cast information, synopsis and more.
Some clarifications on the role of inner speech in consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition (18), 530-531. Jones, S. R., & ... Fernyhoug, C. (2007). Thought as action: Inner speech, self-monitoring, and auditory matter,verbal hallucinations. ... Consciousness of a person that is under investigation and Cognition, 16, 391-399. Seal, M. L., Aleman, A., & McGuire, P. K. ( ... Human ability to talk to oneself and think in words is a major part of the human experience of consciousness. From an early age ...
Reflexive monitoring occurs at the level of practical consciousness. Discursive consciousness is the ability to verbally ... Practical consciousness and discursive consciousness inform these abilities. Practical consciousness is the knowledgeability ... "Reflexive monitoring" refers to agents' ability to monitor their actions and those actions' settings and contexts. Monitoring ... The monitoring of the body, the control and use of face in 'face work'-these are fundamental to social integration in time and ...
Corollary discharge theory Jeannerod, Marc (2003): "Action Monitoring and Forward Control of Movements". In: Michael Arbib (Ed ... Consciousness and Cognition. 16 (2): 391-399. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2005.12.003. PMID 16464616. S2CID 2263260. Seal, M.; Aleman ... Jones, Simon R.; Fernyhough, Charles (2007). "Thought as action: Inner speech, self-monitoring, and auditory verbal ...
This, sometimes, is used as a synonym for stream of consciousness: a narrative mode or method that attempts to depict the ... ISBN 978-1-317-88447-7. Jones, Simon R.; Fernyhough, Charles (June 2007). "Thought as action: Inner speech, self-monitoring, ... In a psychological sense, stream of consciousness is the subject‐matter, while interior monologue is the technique for ... Dorrit Cohn (1978). Transparent Minds: Narrative Modes for Presenting Consciousness in Fiction. Princeton University Press. pp ...
EEG can also be used in intensive care units for brain function monitoring to monitor for non-convulsive seizures/non- ... "The Electro-Encephalogram in Epilepsy and in Conditions of Impaired Consciousness". Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry. 34 (6 ... Epilepsy monitoring is typically done to distinguish epileptic seizures from other types of spells, such as psychogenic non- ... An admission to an Epilepsy Monitoring Unit typically lasts several days but may last for a week or longer. While in the ...
The Isolated Forearm Technique (IFT) can be used to monitor consciousness; the technique involves applying a tourniquet to the ... Equipment that monitors depth of anesthesia, such as bispectral index monitoring, should not be used in isolation. Current ... Recent advances have led to the manufacture of monitors of awareness. Typically these monitor the EEG, which represents the ... and several other systems such as the SNAP monitor and the Narcotrend monitor. None of these systems are perfect. For example, ...
It will also help monitor pressures (including the long-term monitoring of forests and environmental interactions) on our ... public consciousness about environmental threats grew rapidly. Large scale environmental disasters such as the Chernobyl ... External selection, monitoring and communication teams provide assistance to the Commission and EASME. The European Investment ... LIFE-Environment projects had to contribute to innovation or policy implementation in the fields of environmental monitoring, ...
These will be read by a medical monitor (as worn on the wrist of every Alphan) re-tooled to transmit via neutrino carrier wave ... At an unknown location, in a windswept forest glen, Koenig regains consciousness. He finds Helena and Carter nearby. Their ... Suddenly, the readout for Helena's monitor goes berserk, flashing on and off in a series of long and short pulses-which an ... As she recovers, Koenig notices their wrist monitors flashing in a specific pattern-Alpha is trying to signal them via the ...
Distributed thinking Collective consciousness Participatory monitoring Crowdfunding Crowdsourcing Robson, John (February 24, ...
However, a monitor of the central nervous system may be more appropriate for monitoring consciousness. After the publication of ... A monitor of the Autonomic Nervous System (the first commercial monitor was the ANEMON-I monitor developed by former Swiss ... Both loss of consciousness and awakening from anesthesia are correlated with this scale. The efficacy of BIS index monitoring ... Commercial interest publications) BIS Education BIS Education Monitoring Level of Consciousness Using the Bispectral Index ...
Prill, T., & Fahrenberg, J. (2007). New methods in ambulatory BP monitoring: Interactive monitoring and detection of posture ... Neurophilosophische Kontroversen brain and consciousness. Neurophilosophical controversies. In S. Gauggel, & M. Herrmann (Eds ... Fahrenberg, J., Myrtek, M., Pawlik, K., & Perrez, M. (2007). Ambulatory Assessment - Monitoring Behaviour in Daily Life ... Computer-assisted psychological and psychophysiological methods in monitoring and field studies. Seattle, WA: Hogrefe & Huber. ...
Electrocardiography monitoring and blood pressure measurements should also be performed as soon as possible. Hypotension is an ... A decreased level of consciousness due to low blood glucose can be corrected quickly with oral or infused glucose. Environment ... Color changes, sweating, and a decreased level of consciousness are signs of decreased perfusion. If a stethoscope is available ... Disability (neurological condition): The level of consciousness can be rapidly assessed using the AVPU method, where the ...
"Thought consciousness and source monitoring depend on robotically controlled sensorimotor conflicts and illusory states". ... Together with Thomas Metzinger he defined the concept of bodily self-consciousness and showed that bodily self-consciousness is ... Blanke is known for his research on the neurological bases of self-consciousness and out-of-body experiences. From 1989 to 1996 ... Park, Hyeong-Dong; Blanke, Olaf (May 2019). "Coupling Inner and Outer Body for Self-Consciousness". Trends in Cognitive ...
He visits her weekly and monitors her progress. After 6 months Aan returns to her own house, Harib and Aan get married and she ... At her funeral, Aan loses her consciousness and her phuppo (Shama) takes her away. Aan's Taya takes charge and tells everyone ...
... "activity theory is above all a social theory of consciousness" and therefore "... activity theory wants to define consciousness ... Illuminating the Development of a Conflict Monitoring Network. Communication Theory, 11(1), 56-83. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2885.2001 ... Vygotsky described consciousness as a phenomenon that unifies attention, intention, memory, reasoning, and speech..." and (p. 7 ... Nardi, B. A. (1996). Activity theory and human computer interaction In B. A. Nardi (Ed.), Context and Consciousness: Activity ...
2013), awareness was described as the acknowledgement of consciousness which is monitoring all aspects of the environment. This ... Experienced meditators have been shown to have an increased ability when it comes to conflict monitoring and find it easier to ... Hernández SE, Suero J, Rubia K, González-Mora JL (March 2015). "Monitoring the neural activity of the state of mental silence ... The emphasis on awareness, and the way it assists in monitoring emotion, is unique to this meditative practice. Sahaja yoga ...
During treatment monitoring continues for signs of deterioration such as a decreasing level of consciousness. Traumatic brain ... With mild TBI, the patient may remain conscious or may lose consciousness for a few seconds or minutes. Other symptoms of mild ... In those cases where the person is bedridden due to a reduction of consciousness, has to remain in a wheelchair because of ... Signs of increased ICP include decreasing level of consciousness, paralysis or weakness on one side of the body, and a blown ...
... as sedation may impact on the mental status and thus interfere with the ability to monitor the level of consciousness. Deep ... Confusion, decreased level of consciousness or coma may be present, as may neck stiffness and other signs of meningism. Neck ... Symptoms may include headache, decreased level of consciousness and hemiparesis (weakness of one side of the body). SAH is a ... People whose CT scan shows a large hematoma, depressed level of consciousness, or focal neurologic signs may benefit from ...
It is only available to those at certified health care facilities with a health care provider who can continually monitor the ... Side effects of the medication include dry mouth, sleepiness, somnolence, flushing and loss of consciousness. It is also ... Brexanolone has risks that can occur during administration, including excessive sedation and sudden loss of consciousness, and ... People's oxygen levels are to be monitored with a pulse oximeter. ...
... and took over as editor and presenter of the BBC's arts programme Monitor in 1965. The Monitor appointment arose because Miller ... Equinox - Prisoner of Consciousness (1986) Born Talking: A Personal Inquiry into Language (1990), 4 episodes. Madness (1991). ... Monitor (1962; also editor). The Zoo in Winter (1969), BBC, directed by Patrick Garland. The Body in Question (1978-79), 13 ... Gay Monitor. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2008. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v= ...
Scientists consider the OBE to be an experience from a mental state, like a dream or an altered state of consciousness without ... There was also left middle and superior orbital frontal gyri activity, regions often associated with action monitoring." The ... This indicates that spatial unity and bodily self-consciousness can be studied experimentally and is based on multisensory and ... The Center for Higher Studies of the Consciousness in Brazil is another large OBE training facility. Olaf Blanke's Laboratory ...
It aims to reach and to remain in the pure state of soul which is believed to be pure consciousness, beyond any attachment or ... Open monitoring methods include mindfulness, shikantaza and other awareness states. Practices using both methods include ... In the dualistic Yoga school and Samkhya, the Self is called Purusha, a pure consciousness separate from matter. Depending on ... Altered States of Consciousness (1969) ISBN 0-471-84560-4 Trungpa, C. (1973) Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism, Shambhala ...
... elements of Guedel's classification have been superseded by depth of anaesthesia monitoring devices such as the BIS monitor; ... Stage I (stage of analgesia or disorientation): from beginning of induction of general anesthesia to loss of consciousness. ... Stage II (stage of excitement or delirium): from loss of consciousness to onset of automatic breathing. Eyelash reflex ... 1992: 100-2. McCulloch, T. J. (2005). "Use of BIS Monitoring Was Not Associated with a Reduced Incidence of Awareness". ...
In the Memory, Consciousness, and Temporality Theory, confabulation occurs because of a deficit in temporal consciousness or ... Furthermore, researchers argue that confabulation is a disorder resulting from failed "reality monitoring/source monitoring" (i ... More recently, a monitoring account for delusion, applied to confabulation, proposed both the inclusion of conscious and ... Along a similar notion are the theories of reality and source monitoring theories. In these theories, confabulation occurs when ...
If the diver starts breathing and regains consciousness spontaneously, they should be continuously monitored until out of the ... Consciousness depends on a minimum partial pressure of oxygen in the brain not on the absolute quantity of the gas in the ... 3. Also used in diving but not in free diving, loss of consciousness while ascending on a rebreather due to sudden drop of ... Competitive freediving safety monitors watch the diver for at least 30 seconds after surfacing. Recovery breathing may reduce ...
After a dose is given, the child should be monitored for at least 24 hours. For children with low blood pressure due to septic ... and level of consciousness. Those with a greater risk for respiratory depression should be identified before administration and ... "Up To Date: Naloxone Monitoring Parameters". Up to Date. Archived from the original on 2017-11-17. Niemann JT, Getzug T, Murphy ... Patients experiencing effects should be monitored for respiratory rate, heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, ABGs, ...
Daniel Southerland (1982-01-26). "Foreign aid, Hollywood-style: cut red tape, go to the top". Christian Science Monitor. ... Jim Lipson (1996-03-06). "Music: Regaining Consciousness". Tucson Weekly. Retrieved 2008-06-06. Richard S. Ginell (1986-08-11 ...
Journal of Consciousness Studies 10: 29-50. "In their article, Sherwood and Roe examine attempts to replicate the well-known ... According to Wiseman, "after monitoring about twenty volunteers for several nights on end, the study didn't discover any ... Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10: 85-109. Alcock, James. (2003). Give the Null Hypothesis a Chance: Reasons to Remain ... 2011). Dreams, Telepathy, and Various States of Consciousness. NeuroQuantology 9 (1): 4. Ullman, Montague (2003). "Dream ...
In absence of cerebral function monitoring or frank return to consciousness, the neurological status of patients undergoing CPR ... At the onset of clinical death, consciousness is lost within several seconds, and in dogs, measurable brain activity has been ... 1989). "CPR-dependent consciousness: evidence for cardiac compression causing forward flow". Annals of Emergency Medicine. ... Yet there are cases of patients regaining consciousness during CPR while still in full cardiac arrest. ...
At home, Laura's consciousness drifts in and out of reality, while still visibly bothered by baby cries throughout the house. ... She looks through the baby monitor and sees Mrs. Kasperian pulling out a butcher's knife from the baby's crib. The two get into ...
General Hospital in Boston says it has had been able to use EEGs to identify signatures of loss and recovery of consciousness ... General Hospital in Boston says it has had been able to use EEGs to identify signatures of loss and recovery of consciousness ... General Hospital in Boston says it has had been able to use EEGs to identify signatures of loss and recovery of consciousness ... General Hospital in Boston says it has had been able to use EEGs to identify signatures of loss and recovery of consciousness ...
Media Monitors Network (MMN) is a non-profit, non-partial and non-political platform for those serious Media Contributors and ...
... "the whole Corporate State rests upon nothing but consciousness. When consciousness changes, its soldiers will refuse to fight, ... Media Monitors Network (MMN) is a non-profit, non-partial and non-political platform for those serious Media Contributors and ... Consciousness "plays the key role in the shaping of society." And culture "controls the economic and political machine, not ... Its crux was personal and cultural liberation - in a word, "consciousness," which "plays the key role in the shaping of society ...
McAllen runner driven by health consciousness and determination. Special to The Monitor. - ...
Self-Consciousness Scale and the Self-Monitoring Scale. The Fenigstein Self-Consciousness Scale is a measure of the consistent ... The Snyder Self-Monitoring Scale purports to measure individual differences in concern about the appropriateness of social ... behavior and attention to or use of situational cues for monitoring self-presentation. ... Religious Attitude, Self-Consciousness, Self-Monitoring Scales, 1986. Data Archive > U.S. Surveys > General Population > Local/ ...
... Erik Weber Jensen, HUGO VEREECKE ... "Definition of a New Composite AEP and EEG Index for Monitoring the Level of Consciousness." In ASA Annual Meeting Abstracts. ... "Definition of a New Composite AEP and EEG Index for Monitoring the Level of Consciousness." ASA Annual Meeting Abstracts. ... Definition of a new composite AEP and EEG index for monitoring the level of consciousness. ASA Annual Meeting Abstracts. ...
Stream of Consciousness is a publication from the Alliance for Aquatic Resource Monitoring (ALLARM) at Dickinson College. Table ... Stream of Consciousness is a publication from the Alliance for Aquatic Resource Monitoring (ALLARM) at Dickinson College. ... Alliance for Aquatic Resource Monitoring (ALLARM). Stream of Consciousness 36 (2006) . Available at: https://scholar.dickinson. ... Environmental Education Commons, Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment Commons, Environmental Monitoring Commons ...
"Level-of-Consciousness Monitors" , "Hypnotic State Monitors" , "Depth-of-Anesthesia Monitors" , "Consciousness Monitors" , " ... "Awareness Monitors" , "Level-of-Consciousness Intraoperative Electroencephalography Monitors" , "Monitors, Bedside, ... Level of consciousness monitors are mostly intended to help in the evaluation of the brain state changes (e.g., depth of ... Home > Specialties > Monitors, Physiologic, Electroencephalography, Intraoperative, Level-of-Consciousness. CLICK FOR ADVANCED ...
Monitoring. A right forearm vein was cannulated for administration of the anesthetic agents and [15O]H2O. Ringers acetate ... Consciousness is a central question in neuroscience (Crick and Koch, 2003). Yet, the neural correlates of consciousness remain ... Functional connectivity and consciousness. We further investigated how the change in the state of consciousness and the ability ... Consciousness research can roughly be divided into two categories: (1) studies on the contents of consciousness and (2) studies ...
Doctors Could Monitor You with Digital Pills. How exactly could these microchips track your medication consumption? The sensor ... Digital, Digestible Pills Allow Doctors to Monitor Medication Use. via: NaturalSociety. by: Mike Barrett. August 2, 2012 ...
... consciousness. The classical way to extract information from the recorded EEG relevant for assessment of the level of ... By using spectral power the monitoring systems dismiss signal information content by neglecting the phase component of the ... EEG Based Monitoring of General Anesthesia: Taking the Next Steps ... present an opportunity to monitor changes in human brain ... electrical activity during changing states of consciousness like sleep or general anesthesia. Frontal EEG recordings during ...
Genuine OEM Stryker SNAP II EEG Mini USB Consciousness Monitor 600-5. $200.00 ... Dell 19" P190st 1280 x 1024 L800:1 Contrast 5ms Response Time LCD Monitor 0RNMH6. $25.00 ...
Consciousness Disorders. Neurobehavioral Manifestations. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System Diseases. Occupational ... Hypercapnia: Cognitive Effects and Monitoring. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the ...
"The Christian Science Monitor. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2020.. *^ Epstein, Adam (2014). "Pope Francis says all pets ... This form of consciousness is also sometimes called "sensory consciousness". Put another way, primary consciousness is the ... "consciousness". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 22 April 2014.. *^ a b Robert van Gulick (2004). "Consciousness". Stanford ... a b c d e f g h i The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness (Archive) 7 July 2012. Written by Philip Low and edited by Jaak ...
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... in vivo monitoring of local metabolism in the area of the body where the structure is secured. ... Physical performance monitoring and monitors. US8821397. Sep 27, 2011. Sep 2, 2014. Masimo Corporation. Depth of consciousness ... Depth of consciousness monitor including oximeter. US9560998. Aug 7, 2015. Feb 7, 2017. Masimo Corporation. System and method ... Monitoring device, method and system. US7470234. Dec 3, 2006. Dec 30, 2008. Impact Sports Technology, Inc.. Monitoring device, ...
Theres something queer about describing consciousness. Whatever people mean to say, they just cant seem to make it clear. &nb ... There are two purposes of consciousness:. *Monitoring: to keep track of mental processes, behavior, and the environment; to ... "consciousness", what we usually mean is "consciousness-consciousness" or "self-consciousness". In a letter to Wolfgang Pauli, ... Consciousness is the awareness of the drive. Consciousness is the power to notice the drive. Consciousness is the tiny bit of ...
Monitoring Parameters. Vital signs, state of consciousness; signs of CNS toxicity. Pregnancy Risk Factor. C ... Monitor therapy. Herbs (Hypotensive Properties): May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor ... Monitor therapy. Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Monitor ... Monitor therapy. Obinutuzumab: May enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents. Management: Consider ...
Monitoring the Conscious Brain. Ian Ruotsala via Flickr. Determining whether a brain-injured patient is conscious is fraught ... The team says the response complexity index could help doctors trying to determine a patients level of consciousness. ... Could This Test Objectively Measure Human Consciousness? Neuroscientists are developing tests that could clarify whether ... As the patients levels of consciousness increased, so did the complexity of their brain responses. ...
AED USED TO MONITOR HEART RHYTHM. NO SHOCK GIVEN AND PATIENT NEVER LOST CONSCIOUSNESS. FLT CONTINUED TO ORD WHERE PARAMEDICS ... WE USED IT TO MONITOR PAX ONLY. PAX NEVER REALLY REGAINED CONSCIOUSNESS. MEDICS AND PHYSICIANS STARTED AN IV. PAX WAS REMOVED ... FEMALE PAX BECAME VIOLENTLY ILL AND LOST CONSCIOUSNESS. OXYGEN WAS ADMINISTERED BUT PAX WAS IN AND OUT OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND ... AFTER MONITORING THE PAX WITH CHEST PAINS, THE DOCTOR AND CAPT DECIDED TO DIVERT TO IAH TO GET THE LADY TO THE HOSPITAL THERE. ...
A hypovolemia monitor comprises a plethysmograph input responsive to light intensity after absorption by fleshy tissue. A ... Patient monitoring system. US9538949. 27 Ago 2014. 10 Ene 2017. Masimo Corporation. Depth of consciousness monitor including ... Depth of consciousness monitor including oximeter. US8821415. 14 Oct 2010. 2 Sep 2014. Masimo Corporation. Physiological ... Modular patient monitor. US9161713. 20 Dic 2012. 20 Oct 2015. Masimo Corporation. Multi-mode patient monitor configured to self ...
... who might a lower dose or extra monitoring and if it can be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding ... People with reduced levels of consciousness.. *People with a brain tumour.. *People with a history of fits, eg epilepsy. ... If youre using an oral form of fentanyl for breakthrough pain you may need extra monitoring if you get a sore, inflamed mouth ... If youre using fentanyl patches you may need extra monitoring if you get a fever, as this can increase the absorption of ...
Monitor with alarm. Associated with SIDS. Narcolepsy. Sleep Seizure. Sudden REM sleep. Excessive daytime sleepiness. ... Consciousness. Waking Consciousness:. awake with thoughts, feelings, and sensations clear and organized. You feel alert.. Shift ... Transcript of Consciousness: Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, and Drugs. Consciousness: Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, and Drugs. Sleep ... State of consciousness in which a person is especially susceptible to suggestion.. 4 Steps. 1. Told to focus on whats said.. 2 ...
Arterial and central venous catheters may be useful in monitoring cardiac output and related hemodynamic parameters. Pulmonary ... Near-drowning: correlation of level of consciousness and survival. Can Anaesth Soc J. 1980 May. 27(3):211-5. [Medline]. ... Intracranial pressure monitoring is used in patients with traumatic brain injury or mass lesions (eg, hematomas). ... What is the role of catheter monitoring in the workup of drowning?. Updated: Jun 19, 2019 ...
Monitor breathing; if victim has lost consciousness make sure to contact emergency services. ...
Monitor patients during dose initiation and titration. Avoid use of OxyContin in patients with circulatory shock. Monitor ... Avoid the use of OxyContin in patients with impaired consciousness or coma. OxyContin is contraindicated in patients with GI ... Monitor patients with a history of seizure disorders for worsened seizure control. Avoid the use of mixed agonist/antagonist or ... Monitor patients receiving OXYCONTIN and any CYP3A4 inhibitor or inducer [see Warnings and Precautions (5.14) and Clinical ...
Patient monitoring system. US9538949. 27 Aug 2014. 10 Jan 2017. Masimo Corporation. Depth of consciousness monitor including ... Depth of consciousness monitor including oximeter. US8821415. 14 Oct 2010. 2 Sep 2014. Masimo Corporation. Physiological ... Modular patient monitor. US9161713. 20 Dec 2012. 20 Oct 2015. Masimo Corporation. Multi-mode patient monitor configured to self ... Patient monitor for monitoring microcirculation. US9801588 *. 14 Jul 2015. 31 Oct 2017. Cercacor Laboratories, Inc.. Method and ...
Depth of consciousness monitor including oximeter. US9591999. Nov 3, 2011. Mar 14, 2017. University Of Washington Through Its ... Depth of consciousness monitor including oximeter. US8834545. Jul 21, 2012. Sep 16, 2014. Lockheed Martin Corporation. Optical- ... Apparatus for monitoring metabolism in body organs. US4556057 *. Mar 11, 1983. Dec 3, 1985. Hamamatsu Tv Co., Ltd.. Cancer ... Monitoring constituents of an animal organ using discrete radiation. US6195580. Jul 10, 1995. Feb 27, 2001. Richard J. Grable. ...
Depth of consciousness monitor including oximeter. US9597154. 24. Febr. 2014. 21. M rz 2017. Medtronic, Inc.. Method and ... Depth of consciousness monitor including oximeter. US8861815. 3. Aug. 2011. 14. Okt. 2014. International Business Machines ... Systems and methods for monitoring behavior informatics. US20030050527 *. 3. Mai 2002. 13. M rz 2003. Peter Fox. Apparatus and ... Self-normed brain state monitoring. US4736751 *. 16. Dez. 1986. 12. Apr. 1988. Eeg Systems Laboratory. Brain wave source ...
Configurable patient monitoring system. US9538949. 27. Aug. 2014. 10. Jan. 2017. Masimo Corporation. Depth of consciousness ... A respiration rate monitor is described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/547,570 entitled Non-Invasive Monitoring of ... The corresponding sensor signal is transmitted to the sound monitor 218 via a sensor cable 217. The sound monitor/pump 218 ... Tissue profile wellness monitor. USD788312. 24. Aug. 2015. 30. Mai 2017. Masimo Corporation. Wireless patient monitoring device ...
  • The team says the response complexity index could help doctors trying to determine a patient's level of consciousness. (popsci.com)
  • BIS monitoring is a noninvasive, simple and easy-to-interpret method and it also appears to be a useful to assess and predict the recovery of a patient's consciousness level after LT. Therefore, we concluded that BIS monitoring can be an indispensable component of the peritransplant intensive care for patients with FHF and who require emergency LT. (bvsalud.org)
  • The BIS was introduced by Aspect Medical Systems, Inc. in 1994 [3] as a novel measure of the level of consciousness by algorithmic analysis of a patient's electroencephalogram during general anesthesia . (wikipedia.org)
  • The patient's state of consciousness and pain level are also continuously assessed. (medscape.com)
  • Assess patient's risk before prescribing, and monitor for these behaviors and conditions. (nih.gov)
  • Electroencephalographic recordings (EEG) present an opportunity to monitor changes in human brain electrical activity during changing states of consciousness like sleep or general anesthesia. (frontiersin.org)
  • NTS and NTl were closely correlated to the changes of consciousness during the recovery from general anesthesia . (bvsalud.org)
  • How can doctors measure consciousness during general anesthesia? (sharecare.com)
  • [12] In 2012, a group of neuroscientists signed the Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness , which "unequivocally" asserted that "humans are not unique in possessing the neurological substrates that generate consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physiologic electroencephalography (EEG) monitors designed for continuous intraoperative measurement of the brain activity and the translation and display of its value as a numerical index (i.e., the level of consciousness). (optometricmanagement.com)
  • Intracranial pressure monitoring is used in patients with traumatic brain injury or mass lesions (eg, hematomas). (medscape.com)
  • As traumatic brain injury is rather a syndrome comprising a range of different affections to the brain and as, e.g., age-related comorbidities and treatments additionally may have a great impact, individual and tailored treatment approaches based on monitoring and findings in imaging and respecting pre-injury comorbidities and their therapies are warranted. (mdpi.com)
  • Like anyone who has suffered a traumatic brain injury, Wright's chances of recovering consciousness had entered a realm of mystery. (readersdigest.ca)
  • Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitors are devices that measure ICP and are generally placed in any patient in whom there is concern for elevated ICP. (medscape.com)
  • See Intracranial Pressure Monitoring . (medscape.com)
  • If the patient is comatose, is the neurosurgeon monitoring intracranial pressure? (pbs.org)
  • There are four types of anesthesia commonly employed - general, regional, monitored anesthesia care (MAC) and local. (google.com)
  • Monitored anesthesia care (MAC) involved medications given to make you drowsy and to relive pain. (google.com)
  • if victim has lost consciousness make sure to contact emergency services. (nps.gov)
  • If the patient lost consciousness at any time, was a CT scan performed? (pbs.org)
  • Yet, the neural correlates of consciousness remain poorly understood. (jneurosci.org)
  • So neuroscientists are well on the way to identifying the neural correlates of consciousness, a part of the Easy Problem. (medgadget.com)
  • We sought the underlying neural substrate of human consciousness by manipulating the level of consciousness in volunteers with anesthetic agents and visualizing the resultant changes in brain activity using regional cerebral blood flow imaging with positron emission tomography. (jneurosci.org)
  • Could This Test Objectively Measure Human Consciousness? (popsci.com)
  • We found the emergence of consciousness, as assessed with a motor response to a spoken command, to be associated with the activation of a core network involving subcortical and limbic regions that become functionally coupled with parts of frontal and inferior parietal cortices upon awakening from unconsciousness. (jneurosci.org)
  • Frontal EEG recordings during surgical interventions with anesthetic-induced unconsciousness help to estimate the patients' level of (un)consciousness. (frontiersin.org)
  • The bispectral (BIS) index derived from EEG was primarily developed to monitor the depth of unconsciousness. (bvsalud.org)
  • Block (1995) and others have used "phenomenal consciousness" for sense (4), without distinguishing it from sense (3). (stanford.edu)
  • Syncope is one of the most important causes of transient loss of consciousness, and is such a common event that it may be encountered by practitioners in virtually any field of medicine. (wiley.com)
  • Building on the European Society of Cardiology Syncope Guidelines, this book provides a clear evaluation of the latest recommendations for care of patients with syncope and transient loss of consciousness, with a multidisciplinary focus that makes it equally relevant for general physicians or those specializing in cardiology or neurology. (wiley.com)
  • He is a medical consultant to the US Federal Aviation administration on evaluation of individuals with transient loss of consciousness, as well as to several medical device manufacturers. (wiley.com)
  • Here, using invasive intraoperative recordings in an awake patient suffering from obsessive-compulsive disease (OCD), we demonstrate that its activity is modulated by the quality of performance of the subject in a choice reaction time task designed to tap action monitoring processes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Grundy, B.L. (1983) Intraoperative Monitoring of Sensory-Evoked Potentials Anesthesiology, 58, 72-87. (scirp.org)
  • Tamaki, T. and Kubota, S. (2007) History of the Development of Intraoperative Spinal Cord Monitoring. (scirp.org)
  • Use of the BIS monitor could reduce the incidence of intraoperative awareness during anaesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is used in conjunction with other physiologic monitoring such as electromyography to estimate the depth of anesthesia in order to minimize the possibility of intraoperative awareness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jackson's health is being monitored closely. (inquisitr.com)
  • Monitor closely, especially upon initiation or following a dose increase. (nih.gov)
  • They then closely monitored his brain activity and also if he could respond to voice commands or track objects with his eyes. (news-medical.net)
  • Also with Codeine: concomitant use or discontinuation of CYP2D6 inhibitors, CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers: monitor closely and consider dose adjustments (see full labeling). (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Concomitant use or discontinuation of CYP2D6 inhibitors, CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers: monitor closely and consider dose adjustments (see full labeling). (clinicaladvisor.com)
  • Heat-induced illness can cause a person to become confused or lose consciousness. (cdc.gov)
  • If you lose consciousness and are having a true arrhythmia, your WCD will shock your heart. (drugs.com)
  • Tell your family members or friends not to push the response button if you lose consciousness. (drugs.com)
  • You lose consciousness. (drugs.com)
  • These medications make you dizzy or drowsy and cause you to lose consciousness. (google.com)
  • Examines various aspects of coma from neurochemistry, monitoring, and treatments to prognostic factors. (worldcat.org)
  • Coma and impaired consciousness. (worldcat.org)
  • If you are awake and your monitor vibrates or alarms that you have an arrhythmia, you will need to push a response button on the monitor. (drugs.com)
  • We continuously evaluate our actions in order to detect and correct performance errors suggesting that we are endowed with a cognitive system that monitors and optimizes our behavior. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our aim is to foster such progress by reviewing aspects of the cognitive neuroscience of consciousness that may be pertinent for machines. (sciencemag.org)
  • Anesthesia is administered to a surgical patient at City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, Calif. A team at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston says it has had been able to use EEGs to identify signatures of loss and recovery of consciousness under the anesthesia drug propofol. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • This overall complexity was also able to discriminate between levels of sedation and serum concentrations of propofol, supporting the hypothesis that consciousness is related to complexity - independent of how the latter is measured. (nature.com)
  • Activation circuits between these maps make sensorial and pre-motor fields in the brain function as episodic maps creating representations, which are expressions in consciousness. (powells.com)
  • It is argued that all consciousness is episodic, consisting of situational or linguistic representations, and that the mind is the whole of all conscious manifestations of the brain. (powells.com)
  • Animal consciousness , or animal awareness , is the quality or state of self-awareness within a non-human animal, or of being aware of an external object or something within itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Altered States of Consciousness - awareness is somehow changed from our normal waking state. (everything2.com)
  • Identifying awareness with brain physiology, they say, is a kind of "meat chauvinism" that would dogmatically deny consciousness to Lieut. (medgadget.com)
  • The notions of consciousness most commonly addressed by philosophers are the following: (1) Conscious awareness of one's own mental states, and "conscious states" in the particular sense of: states whose subjects are aware of being in them. (stanford.edu)
  • Thalamus is a deep-seated region of the brain that leads to awareness and consciousness. (news-medical.net)
  • To investigate the value of Narcotrend (NT) index monitoring versus standard hemodynamic parameters in predicting the recovery of consciousness in patients undergoing abdominal surgery . (bvsalud.org)
  • NT monitoring can be used to effectively predict the recovery of consciousness in patients undergoing abdominal surgery and facilitates a significant reduction of the recovery time and sufentanil dosage during a sevoflurane - sufentanil anesthesia . (bvsalud.org)
  • Bolts commonly use fiberoptic technology that allows continuous ICP monitoring without CSF drainage. (medscape.com)
  • Urine testing is the best developed and most commonly used monitoring technique in substance abuse treatment programs. (nih.gov)
  • Of course, strong emergence is not an easy topic, but I see no other way for consciousness to exist in a deterministic and logical universe, had it not been strongly emergent. (physicsforums.com)
  • The brain is possibly the most complex system known to mankind, and its complexity has been called upon to explain the emergence of consciousness. (nature.com)
  • Perfectly mundane, empirical explanations are available to explain both the easy and the hard kinds of consciousness. (ieet.org)
  • While mystical explanations cannot be disproved, they are unnecessary because there is a perfectly reasonable Materialist explanation to both the easy and hard kinds of consciousness. (ieet.org)
  • Are there different kinds of consciousness? (powells.com)
  • As the patients' levels of consciousness increased, so did the complexity of their brain responses. (popsci.com)
  • People with reduced levels of consciousness. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • But problems of consciousness are generally felt to be less tractable than matters of intentionality. (stanford.edu)
  • Basically, both the hard and the easy problems of consciousness come down to this: how is it that brains give rise to thoughts ('easy' problem), especially about immeasurable things ('hard' problem), but other parts of bodies do not? (ieet.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to elucidate the body core temperature rhythms of bedridden elderly patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) in a Japanese hospital using a simple, non-invasive, deep-body thermometer. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • Jensen EW, VEREECKE H, Wyler B, Gonzalez C, Struys M. Definition of a new composite AEP and EEG index for monitoring the level of consciousness. (ugent.be)
  • Preconscious - level of consciousness that comprises information that could become conscious readily, but is not continually available. (everything2.com)
  • [ 1 , 2 , 3 ] This monitor must be leveled with the foramen of Monro (approximately the level of the external auditory canal) after insertion and should be zero-balanced daily. (medscape.com)
  • That on every level consciousness is run by the fundamental and emergent properties that make up the brain and body, and that the consciousness is simply an emergent state of the fundamental objects. (physicsforums.com)
  • After around nine months of the stimulation therapy, although he remained static at his level of consciousness, he did not deteriorate either. (news-medical.net)
  • Liberation, he wrote, "comes into being the moment the individual frees himself from automatic acceptance of the imperatives of society and the false consciousness which society imposes. (mediamonitors.net)
  • I knew that it was "false consciousness" of their true role in the imperialist economy that led the "workers" to embrace their oppressors. (nybooks.com)
  • However, much like artificial neural networks took their inspiration from neurobiology, artificial consciousness may progress by investigating the architectures that allow the human brain to generate consciousness, then transferring those insights into computer algorithms. (sciencemag.org)
  • Monitor for respiratory depression, especially during initiation of OXYCONTIN or following a dose increase. (purduepharma.com)
  • monitor for respiratory depression (esp. (empr.com)
  • Importantly, cross-correlation analysis showed that error-related activity in the Nacc preceded surface activity by 40 ms. We propose that the Nacc is involved in action monitoring, possibly by using error signals from the dopaminergic midbrain to adjust the relative impact of limbic and prefrontal inputs on frontal control systems in order to optimize goal-directed behavior. (frontiersin.org)
  • A drowsy patient should be monitored frequently until regains full consciousness. (medhelp.org)
  • These monitors include a central computerized module with electronic circuits that can process the signal, a display, and a patient cable with disposable EEG electrodes. (optometricmanagement.com)
  • The vest contains electrodes, or pads, that can shock your heart if the monitor detects a life-threatening arrhythmia. (drugs.com)
  • The electrodes are attached to the monitor by a wire. (drugs.com)
  • Four electrodes will continuously monitor your heart rate and rhythm and send information to the monitor. (drugs.com)
  • If the monitor detects an arrhythmia, it will send a shock to your heart through 3 defibrillator electrodes. (drugs.com)
  • Study design and methodology were chosen to dissociate the state-related changes in consciousness from the effects of the anesthetic drugs. (jneurosci.org)
  • If you ask us, we think that one way to go about studying consciousness would be to try to understand the effects of xenon, a noble gas that is also a general anesthetic . (medgadget.com)
  • The patient is monitored continuously during the procedure by the physician and staff. (medscape.com)
  • The persons' progress is being continuously monitored. (news-medical.net)
  • Forty ASA I or II patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery were randomized into two groups to receive sevoflurane - sufentanil anesthesia monitored by NT index or solely by clinical parameters . (bvsalud.org)
  • Deterioration of consciousness is the most critical problem in patients with fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). (bvsalud.org)
  • A prospective study was performed to assess the clinical utility of peritransplant BIS monitoring in 11 fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) patients who were undergoing emergency living donor liver transplantation (LT) with using a right liver graft. (bvsalud.org)
  • All the patients recovered their consciousness after LT. (bvsalud.org)
  • In order to understand the temperature rhythms of bedridden elderly patients with DOC, it is necessary to monitor their core body temperatures, ideally using a simple, non-invasive device. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • This has led to the development of better monitoring and treatment methods aimed at preventing this secondary injury and improving the outcome for patients who have suffered a head injury. (pbs.org)
  • Media Monitors Network (MMN) is a non-profit, non-partial and non-political platform for those serious Media Contributors and Observers who crave to know and like to help to prevail the whole truth about current affairs, any disputed issue or any controversial issue by their voluntary contributions with logic, reason and rationality. (mediamonitors.net)
  • Philosophers who consider subjective experience the essence of consciousness also generally believe, as a correlate, that the existence and nature of animal consciousness can never rigorously be known. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a retrospectively assessed questionnaire to measure subjective experiences of altered states of consciousness. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We suggest that the word "consciousness" conflates two different types of information-processing computations in the brain: the selection of information for global broadcasting, thus making it flexibly available for computation and report (C1, consciousness in the first sense), and the self-monitoring of those computations, leading to a subjective sense of certainty or error (C2, consciousness in the second sense). (sciencemag.org)
  • 8. The hypovolemia monitoring method according to claim 7 wherein said providing step comprises the substep of displaying at least one of a percentage of normal total blood volume and a percentage of total blood volume loss based upon said numeric value. (google.es)
  • Shallow breathing, weak pulse, loss of consciousness. (nps.gov)
  • The patient could experience loss of memory, dizziness, blurry vision, or loss of consciousness after the accident. (odglawgroup.com)
  • If there was loss of consciousness then it is important to take a CT scan to rule out any TBI. (medhelp.org)
  • What is the role of catheter monitoring in the workup of drowning? (medscape.com)
  • Similarly, the Integra Neuroscience Ventrix catheter allows CSF diversion and ICP monitoring. (medscape.com)
  • This catheter contains a fiberoptic pressure monitor that must be zero-balanced in air prior to insertion. (medscape.com)
  • The Ventrix catheter is tunneled under the scalp and inserted into the ventricle to allow CSF drainage as well as ICP monitoring. (medscape.com)
  • One of the greatest challenges of modern neuroscience is to discover the neural mechanisms of consciousness and to explain how they produce the conscious state. (jneurosci.org)
  • Consciousness is a central question in neuroscience ( Crick and Koch, 2003 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • [4] Despite the difficulty in definition, many philosophers believe there is a broadly shared underlying intuition about what consciousness is. (wikipedia.org)
  • For each of the four foregoing notions of consciousness, some philosophers have claimed that that type of consciousness is entirely or largely explicable as a kind of representing. (stanford.edu)
  • A hypovolemia monitor comprises a plethysmograph input responsive to light intensity after absorption by fleshy tissue. (google.es)
  • 2. The hypovolemia monitoring method according to claim 1 wherein said inputting step comprises the substep of generating a pulse oximeter plethysmograph. (google.es)
  • 9. The hypovolemia monitoring method according to claim 7 wherein said providing step comprises the substep of generating at least one of an audible alarm and a visual alarm indicating a hypovolemia condition. (google.es)
  • Determining consciousness can only be done by the entity doing the testing. (everything2.com)
  • Testing another entity for consciousness would of course be more difficult, relying on examining the "output" of the entity, interpreting its actions and sounds that it makes, and determining if they are in line with what we'd expect from a conscious entity. (everything2.com)
  • BIS monitors are used to supplement Guedel's classification system for determining depth of anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • By using spectral power, or parameters derived from it, as key parameters, the monitoring systems may dismiss signal information content by neglecting the phase component of the signals' frequency and only exploiting information from the amplitude spectrum ( Callegaro, 2012 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • [10] Several psychologists and ethologists have argued for the existence of animal consciousness by describing a range of behaviors that appear to show animals holding beliefs about things they cannot directly perceive- Donald Griffin 's 2001 book Animal Minds reviews a substantial portion of the evidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to its pathophysiological pathways, an initially as moderate classified TBI may need the same sophisticated surveillance, monitoring, and treatment as a severe form or might even progress to a severe and difficult to treat affection. (mdpi.com)
  • The alternative "easy problem" of consciousness is how electrons racing along neurochemistry can result in complex simulations of "concrete and mortar" (and flesh and blood) reality? (ieet.org)
  • But only more recently has it begun playing a wider role in the philosophy of mind, particularly in theories of consciousness. (stanford.edu)
  • Indeed, there are now multiple representational theories of consciousness, corresponding to different uses of the term "conscious," each attempting to explain the corresponding phenomenon in terms of representation. (stanford.edu)
  • This article will deal mainly with representational theories of consciousness in senses (3) and (4). (stanford.edu)
  • For discussion of those, see the entry on higher-order theories of consciousness . (stanford.edu)
  • Despite the difficulties, neuroscientists in Europe are moving closer to an objective measure of consciousness . (popsci.com)