Consciousness Monitors: Devices used to assess the level of consciousness especially during anesthesia. They measure brain activity level based on the EEG.Consciousness: Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.Consciousness Disorders: Organic mental disorders in which there is impairment of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment and to respond to environmental stimuli. Dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres or brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION may result in this condition.Unconsciousness: Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)Persistent Vegetative State: Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.Coma: A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.Propofol: An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Anesthetics, Intravenous: Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)BostonMassachusettsCaregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Hospitals, General: Large hospitals with a resident medical staff which provides continuous care to maternity, surgical and medical patients.Hypercapnia: A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Helium: Helium. A noble gas with the atomic symbol He, atomic number 2, and atomic weight 4.003. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is not combustible and does not support combustion. It was first detected in the sun and is now obtained from natural gas. Medically it is used as a diluent for other gases, being especially useful with oxygen in the treatment of certain cases of respiratory obstruction, and as a vehicle for general anesthetics. (Dorland, 27th ed)Epiglottis: A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.Partial Pressure: The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Capnography: Continuous recording of the carbon dioxide content of expired air.Gases: The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Torso: The central part of the body to which the neck and limbs are attached.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Human Body: The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Foramen Ovale, Patent: A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Golgi Apparatus: A stack of flattened vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and directing them to secretory vesicles, LYSOSOMES, or the CELL MEMBRANE. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus and fuse with the Golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)Bupivacaine: A widely used local anesthetic agent.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Anesthesia, Spinal: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.Analgesia, Epidural: The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.Amides: Organic compounds containing the -CO-NH2 radical. Amides are derived from acids by replacement of -OH by -NH2 or from ammonia by the replacement of H by an acyl group. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Analgesia, Obstetrical: The elimination of PAIN, without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, during OBSTETRIC LABOR; OBSTETRIC DELIVERY; or the POSTPARTUM PERIOD, usually through the administration of ANALGESICS.Anesthesia, Epidural: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the epidural space.Hypovolemia: An abnormally low volume of blood circulating through the body. It may result in hypovolemic shock (see SHOCK).Blood Volume: Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.Lower Body Negative Pressure: External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.Shock: A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.Plethysmography, Whole Body: Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Plethysmography: Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.Plasma Volume: Volume of PLASMA in the circulation. It is usually measured by INDICATOR DILUTION TECHNIQUES.Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.Oximetry: The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Noise: Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.Protein Sorting Signals: Amino acid sequences found in transported proteins that selectively guide the distribution of the proteins to specific cellular compartments.Spectrometry, Fluorescence: Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.Electromagnetic Radiation: Waves of oscillating electric and MAGNETIC FIELDS which move at right angles to each other and outward from the source.Electromagnetic Fields: Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.Photons: Discrete concentrations of energy, apparently massless elementary particles, that move at the speed of light. They are the unit or quantum of electromagnetic radiation. Photons are emitted when electrons move from one energy state to another. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Radiation: Emission or propagation of acoustic waves (SOUND), ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY waves (such as LIGHT; RADIO WAVES; GAMMA RAYS; or X-RAYS), or a stream of subatomic particles (such as ELECTRONS; NEUTRONS; PROTONS; or ALPHA PARTICLES).Radio Waves: Electromagnetic waves with frequencies between about 3 kilohertz (very low frequency - VLF) and 300,000 megahertz (extremely high frequency - EHF). They are used in television and radio broadcasting, land and satellite communications systems, radionavigation, radiolocation, and DIATHERMY. The highest frequency radio waves are MICROWAVES.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.

Effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on propofol pharmacokinetics and bispectral index during coronary surgery. (1/49)

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Evaluation of bispectral index (BIS) as an indicator of central nervous system depression in horses anesthetized with propofol. (2/49)

The bispectral index (BIS) was evaluated as an indicator of central nervous system (CNS) depression in horses anesthetized with propofol. Five non-premedicated horses were anesthetized with 7 mg/kg, IV propofol and the minimum infusion rate (MIR) of propofol required to maintain anesthesia was determined during intermittent positive pressure ventilation in each horse. The BIS was determined 20 min later and after stabilization at 2.0 MIR, 1.5 MIR, and 1.0 MIR. The BIS was also recorded after the cessation of propofol infusion when the horses regained spontaneous breathing and swallowing reflex. The MIR and plasma concentration (Cp) of propofol were 0.20 +/- 0.03 mg/kg/min and 17.5 +/- 4.0 microg/ml, respectively. The BIS value and Cp were 59 +/- 13 and 26.7 +/- 8.6 microg/ml at 2.0 MIR, 63 +/- 9 and 22.9 +/- 9.7 microg/ml at 1.5 MIR, 64 +/- 13 and 20.1 +/- 5.9 microg/ml at 1.0 MIR, 64 +/- 24 and 13.0 +/- 2.8 microg/ml at return of spontaneous breathing, and 91 +/- 4 and 11.0 +/- 3.4 microg/ml when the swallowing reflex returned, respectively. The BIS value was significantly less in anesthetized horses compared to horses once swallowing returned (p=0.025). The BIS value was significantly correlated with the propofol Cp (r=-0.625, p=0.001). There was not a significant difference in the BIS values during the MIR multiples of propofol. The BIS was a useful indicator of awakening but did not indicate the degree of CNS depression during propofol-anesthesia in horses.  (+info)

Correlation between bispectoral index and predicted effect-site concentration of propofol in different levels of target-controlled, propofol induced sedation in healthy volunteers. (3/49)

INRODUCTION: Bispectral Index is an objective tool to assess electroencephalographic activity and measure the effect of certain sedatives and hypnotics on the brain. In addition, there are certain subjective tools such as the observer's assessment of alertness and sedation which are used. The correlation between BIS and the concentration of propofol in the brain, and the relationship between these subjective and objective tools in assessing sedation levels are the subject of this study. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers enrolled in this prospective observational study. They were sedated with a target controlled infusion of propofol with an initial target of 0.8 microg.mL(-1)and an increase in target to 0.2 microg.mL(-1) ten minutes after equilibration of the predicted and set target concentrations. In each sedation score, the Bispectral Index value and predicted effect site concentration of propofol were recorded and analyzed. Analysis of variance and significant differences between groups were analyzed by paired t-test. Correlations between Bispectral Index and effect site concentration of propofol at each sedation score and the relationship of BIS and effect site concentration of propofol to each sedation score were assessed and analyzed by nonparametric Spearman's rho. RESULTS: The means of Bispectral Index and effect site concentration of propofol at each sedation score showed a significant difference with the following score. Additionally, Bispectral Index and effect site concentration of propofol showed a significant negative correlation in sedation scores 3 and 2 when inducing sedation. In other sedation scores or when reversing the sedation, no strong correlation was noted. CONCLUSION: Both Bispectral Index and effect site concentration of propofol indicate a good estimate of sedation levels; however their correlations are significant and negative only at moderate and deep sedation levels, and during the induction of sedation.  (+info)

Music composition from the brain signal: representing the mental state by music. (4/49)

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Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring of acute encephalitis with refractory, repetitive partial seizures (AERRPS). (5/49)

Diagnosis of ictal discharges during epileptic activity should be based on raw electroencephalography (EEG). The apparatus necessary for such a diagnosis would typically require time to properly set up and operate. The bispectral index (BIS), an EEG-derived parameter that is easy to establish and easy to use, has been shown to correlate with numerous EEG conditions and may represent a useful tool. Acute encephalitis with refractory, repetitive, partial seizures (AERRPS) is an epileptic syndrome first described by Sakuma in Japan in 2001. We assessed the utility of using BIS monitoring as a diagnostic tool and as a monitor of anticonvulsive therapy in a 14-year-old patient admitted to the intensive care unit with AERRPS. After BIS monitor montage, BIS, electromyography (EMG) and raw EEG data were continuously recorded. Epileptic seizures lasting 1-2 min were repeated every 3-4 min. Using paired t-test analysis, mean +/- SD BIS and EMG peak values at the start of epileptic seizures (94.5+/-3.6, 55.8+/-2.5 dB) were significantly higher than values measured at the end of seizures (55.1+/-12.5, 34.5+/-2.8 dB), respectively. Real-time EEG revealed bursts of epileptiform discharges replaced by slow d and q waves with ictal remissions. During induced pharmacologic barbiturate/diazepam coma, BIS decreased to near isoelectricity (11.9+/-2.5) with a steady increase in suppression ratio (65.5+/-9.7). The characteristic BIS profile of repetitive 1-2 min high EEG/EMG activity could serve as an indicator of a global increase in cerebral activity with seizures. Our report suggests that BIS, an easy-to-use device, might be helpful in monitoring clinical trends after EEG confirmation of diagnosis as well as in successfully depicting the efficacy of therapy.  (+info)

Association of perioperative risk factors and cumulative duration of low bispectral index with intermediate-term mortality after cardiac surgery in the B-Unaware Trial. (6/49)

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Feasibility of sedation and analgesia interruption following cannulation in neonates on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. (7/49)

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A comparison of SNAP II and bispectral index monitoring in patients undergoing sedation. (8/49)

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TY - JOUR. T1 - Feasibility of bispectral index-guided propofol infusion for flexible bronchoscopy sedation. T2 - A randomized controlled trial. AU - Lo, Yu Lun. AU - Lin, Ting Yu. AU - Fang, Yueh Fu. AU - Wang, Tsai Yu. AU - Chen, Hao Cheng. AU - Chou, Chun Liang. AU - Chung, Fu Tsai. AU - Kuo, Chih Hsi. AU - Feng, Po Hao. AU - Liu, Chien Ying. AU - Kuo, Han Pin. PY - 2011/11/23. Y1 - 2011/11/23. N2 - Objectives: There are safety issues associated with propofol use for flexible bronchoscopy (FB). The bispectral index (BIS) correlates well with the level of consciousness. The aim of this study was to show that BIS-guided propofol infusion is safe and may provide better sedation, benefiting the patients and bronchoscopists. Methods: After administering alfentanil bolus, 500 patients were randomized to either propofol infusion titrated to a BIS level of 65-75 (study group) or incremental midazolam bolus based on clinical judgment to achieve moderate sedation. The primary endpoint was safety, while ...
The present study showed that revascularization for isolated LAD disease using PTCA, STENT, or LIMA-LAD resulted in low in-hospital morbidity and mortality rates and good intermediate-term results. Repeat revascularization was required significantly more often after both PTCA and STENT than after LIMA-LAD, and event-free survival was superior in the LIMA-LAD group. Intermediate-term mortality was not significantly different, but consistent trends were noted, with the lowest mortality in the LIMA-LAD group, a slightly higher mortality rate in the STENT group, and the highest mortality after PTCA.. In general, patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease are treated with medical therapy or PTCA. In a study comparing angioplasty with medicine,6 69 of the 212 patients with single-vessel disease who were randomly assigned to PTCA or medical therapy had a significant stenosis in the proximal LAD. At follow-up after 6 months, the PTCA patients had superior exercise tolerance and improved anginal ...
Advances in surgical techniques and improved patient outcomes have enabled the application of cardiac surgery in patient populations previously considered ineligible for an intervention of this magnitude. The decision to intervene surgically, as well as the type of intervention best suited to the patient, should be based on an individual risk-benefit analysis. The risks of the procedure, including major morbidities and short- and intermediate-term mortality, must be weighed against the expected benefits with respect to longevity, symptom relief, and improved functional capacity. This chapter reviews the essential information that the cardiologist and surgeon must collect and review to evaluate a patient for cardiac surgery (Table 10-1). This information includes patient and disease characteristics as well as surgical considerations that can be integrated into scoring systems that provide a semi-quantitative risk assessment. With the ever-evolving complexity of patients requiring specialized ...
Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) has been traditionally used to measure the potency of an inhalational anesthetic agent. Recently, bispectral index (BIS) derived from the frontal cortical electroencephalogram has been used frequently for quantify
The investigators propose to test the theory that smart alarms for the Triple Low State incorporated into a decision support system built into an electronic anesthesia record will prompt clinicians to intervene earlier in situations that would otherwise provoke little concern, and that the alert system will reduce 90-day mortality. Specifically, the investigators will test the hypothesis that providing Triple Low alerts reduces 90-day mortality ...
Of 69 patients assessed, 41 had 121 planned procedures over a mean ICU length of stay of 18.7 days (SD 9.6 days). EN was stopped prior to 108 (89 %, 95 % CI 82-94 %) of these 121 procedures, and 102 of these cessation episodes were related to the planned procedure. EN was stopped in 37 patients for a mean cumulative duration of 30.8 h (SD 22.7 h) per patient, which represented 7.9 % (SD 6.9 %) of the mean total time spent in the ICU leading to a mean energy and protein deficit of 7.2 % (SD 8.5 %) and 7.7 % (SD 9.6 %), respectively. Of the 121 planned procedures, 27 (22 %, 95 % CI 16-31 %) were postponed beyond the scheduled day. For 32 (31 %, 95 % CI 23-41 %) of the 102 EN cessation episodes, EN was stopped without a documented order and 23 (23 %, 95 % CI 16-32 %) episodes were not deemed necessary based on the institutions guidelines.. ...
The table above, indicates an increased risk for either or both ipsilateral and contralateral tumors for more than 937 cumulative calls; for more than 36 hours of cumulative calls; for more than 4 years cumulative duration of subscriptions and between 3.3 and 5.0 years since first use. These ORs ranged from 2.66 to 6.19 (166% to 519% increased risk). Why were these statistically significant ORs not mentioned in the abstract?. The fact that contralateral tumours have a higher OR than ipsilateral tumors is less of a concern if side of head recall was unreliable as the authors state below:. " . . . subjects statements about which side of the head they preferred to hold the mobile phone near during its use are often considered unreliable . . . ". Whether you use the phone on the left side or the right side of the head, the side of the head is going to be exposed and the exposure is likely to be higher than in the center of the head. So the fact that contralateral tumour risks were high may not be ...
From the authors:. On behalf of our Task Force, I would apologise for "inappropriately" referencing the quoted article co-authored by Jean-Luc Malo, which was published in his highly renowned textbook Asthma In the Workplace [1]. Actually, we referred to this article because this expert investigator was the first to outline the need to gradually increase the exposure to low-molecular weight agents on consecutive days, mainly to avoid the occurrence of severe delayed asthmatic reactions. Nevertheless, the same sentence also refers to the recent paper by Vandenplas et al. [2] who reported a 3% incidence rate of severe asthmatic reactions recorded during 335 specific inhalation challenges with occupational agents. The result of this retrospective analysis showed that only one severe reaction was delayed and that more than half of the severe reactions developed within the first 30 min of exposure. These findings indicated that the cumulative duration of exposure to low-molecular weight agents could ...
Definition of Intraoperative awareness in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Intraoperative awareness? Meaning of Intraoperative awareness as a finance term. What does Intraoperative awareness mean in finance?
Background: The use of clinical signs may not be reliable to measure the hypnotic component of anaesthesia. Bispectral Index monitoring provides a direct measurement of the hypnotic effect of the anaesthetic agent used and it may have certain clinical advantages over clinical signs. Objective: This study consists of dose requirement of propofol with bispectral Index monitoring and without bispectral Index monitoring. Material and Methods: In the present study, 100 patients were randomly divided into two groups (50 in each group), one group received Standard dose of propofol while the other received propofol infusion with BIS monitoring. Results: Mean amount of propofol for induction used was 1.6 vs 2.24 mg/kg in bispectral index group and standard group respectively. The inference was that the induction dose of propofol by Bispectral index and by standard practice was statistically highly significant with P. Key words: Bispectral Index monitoring system, propofol, anaesthetic drug consumption, ...
It is well known that patients undergoing bronchoscopy could be less suffering and the procedures could be carried on more smoothly if the patients have adequate sedation and analgesia. The preferred sedative and analgesic drugs are Midazolam and opioid, like Alfentanil or Morphine, which were titrated according to physicians judgment on patients clinical responsiveness. However, due to the pharmacokinetic characteristic of midazolam while used in intravenous injection (onset time 4-6 minutes, effective time 2-4 hours), the effective onset time may be too slow for repeated injection while patients already suffered from the bronchoscopic procedure. It is also noted that when over-sedation occurred the side effects like apnea/hypopnea, hypoxemia, and hypotension could last from dozen minutes to few hours. Although events mentioned above could be handled properly under experienced medical staff, it is still very difficult to predict the oncoming events as the pharmacokinetic effect is variant ...
There are many modalities of nonexercise activity (housework, puttering, shopping, vocational movements, etc.), but there are some common features (Table 1). The frequency and cumulative duration of nonexercise activity throughout the day is extremely high. People perform intermittent bouts of nonexercise activity throughout most of the waking day, 7 days/week, 365 days/year. In contrast, the frequency of exercise is more limited, generally to ,150 min/week (30). In a fabulously comprehensive review by Bennett et al. (48), "sedentary " was defined in the physical activity literature as ,20 to ,150 min/week. As described above, almost everyone obtains much more than 20-150 min/week of nonexercise activity, and thus physical activity trials testing health benefits do not pertain to the effects of inactivity (sitting too much) and nonexercise activity. While the term "sedentary behavior" (5) helps capture this distinction, we aim to make this distinction even more explicit. Because the word ...
There are many modalities of nonexercise activity (housework, puttering, shopping, vocational movements, etc.), but there are some common features (Table 1). The frequency and cumulative duration of nonexercise activity throughout the day is extremely high. People perform intermittent bouts of nonexercise activity throughout most of the waking day, 7 days/week, 365 days/year. In contrast, the frequency of exercise is more limited, generally to ,150 min/week (30). In a fabulously comprehensive review by Bennett et al. (48), "sedentary " was defined in the physical activity literature as ,20 to ,150 min/week. As described above, almost everyone obtains much more than 20-150 min/week of nonexercise activity, and thus physical activity trials testing health benefits do not pertain to the effects of inactivity (sitting too much) and nonexercise activity. While the term "sedentary behavior" (5) helps capture this distinction, we aim to make this distinction even more explicit. Because the word ...
Summary The association between lactation and bone size and strength was studied in 145 women 16 to 20 years after their last parturition. Longer cumulative duration of lactation was associated with...
A: Sedatives are Schedule H drugs which should be dispensed only with a doctors prescription. If you are buying the drugs without a prescription and dosing the person yourself, you run a risk of administering an overdose. Also, the elderly have medical problems. If your uncle is already on anti-hypertensive or diabetic medications, you have to know the drug interactions of medications you decide to add on.. Sedation may cause the person to become confused, dizzy and disoriented. This can lead to falls, especially in the toilet. Broken bones or injuries will only compound the problem.. Self medication:- Q: My daughter, aged two-and-a-half years, frequently suffers from cough and cold. Visits to many doctors proved unfruitful until one paediatrician prescribed amoxycillin. I have been giving it to her every time she has fever. But now the fever has stopped responding to it and her mouth is red and sore with white curd-like formations.. A: Amoxycillin is an antibiotic which needs to be given in a ...
Green anaconda is not only the largest but the heaviest of the anaconda species. Let us enjoy amazing green anaconda facts. It is also one of the longest-lived snakes ever lived on earth.
A controller including an interface module and an index module. The interface module is configured to connect devices. The index module is configured to include, in a table stored in memory, an entry for each of the devices. Each entry includes an address field. The index module is configured to: receive a frame of data including an address of one of the devices; compare the address to the address fields associated with the entries in the table; in response to the address matching one of the address fields, access an index value identifying an entry of the table when the address matches one of the address fields; and in response to the address not matching one of the address fields, generate the index value. The index value is used to connect the device associated with the matching one of the address fields with the one of the devices.
BioAssay record AID 945760 submitted by ChEMBL: DrugMatrix: Regimen: Daily Repeat; Time: 5 day; Dose: High; Vehicle: 100 % corn oil; Route: oral gavage | Dataset: Hematology; Assay: BASOLE (Basophils/Leukocytes); Study_ID: S020513.
The aim of this work was to establish the correlation between the bispectral index (BIS) and different rates of continuous infusion of propofol. Twenty-four adult dogs were randomly divided into 3 groups (P2, P4, P8). All animals were induced with propofol (10 mg/kg/IV), followed immediately by the continuous infusion of the agent: 0.2 mg/kg/min (P2), 0.4 mg/kg/min (P4) and 0.8 mg/kg/min (P8). The BIS values were measured before any drug administration (M0) and 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 minutes after the start of the continuous infusion of propofol. The Analysis of Variance was used to calculate the correlation between the infusion rates of propofol and the BIS values. BIS demonstrated significant difference between groups at the moment M40, where P8 (72 ± 9,7) was smaller than P2 (84 ± 7,4) and P4 (33 ± 8,5), while in M50 this difference was observed in P8 (69 ± 13,5) that was smaller than P2 (84 ± 6,4).. The effects of induction dose of propofol were not more presented in M40, therefore, the ...
Bispectral index (BIS) is one of several recently developed technologies which purport to monitor depth of anesthesia. BIS monitors can replace or supplement Guedels classification system for determining depth of anesthesia. Titrating anesthetic agents to a specific bispectral index during general anesthesia in adults (and children over 1 year old) allows the anesthetist to adjust the amount of anesthetic agent to the needs of the patient, possibly resulting in a more rapid emergence from anesthesia. Use of the BIS monitor may reduce the incidence of intraoperative awareness in high risk procedures or patients[1] and may also have a role in predicting recovery from severe brain injury ...
According to Steyn-Ross et al. , when the anesthetic concentration is gradually increased or decreased, the equilibrium solution of the model suddenly jumps from one stable branch to another, and this can cause sudden transition between awareness and unconsciousness or vice versa . Because phase transitions make a hysteresis path, emergence and induction phases of anesthesia occur at different drug concentrations.179 In addition, the discontinuous step change in cortical entropy suggests that the cortical phase transition is analogous to a first-order thermodynamic transition in which the comatose-quiescent (unaware) state is strongly ordered, while the active cortical (aware) state is relatively disordered.172 Experimental support for the hysteresis hypothesis was provided by Kelz et al. , who showed in a narcoleptic murine model that the endogenous orexin system affects emergence from, but not entry into, the anesthetized state. In doing so, they suggested that induction of anesthesia and ...
From Bugzilla Helper: User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 4.0) Description of problem: Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable): How reproducible: Always Steps to Reproduce: 1. Begin installation (CD-ROM boot) 2. Select Laptop install 3. Anaconda report a abnormal exception e exit Additional info: Traceback (innermost last): File /usr/bin/anaconda, line 620, in ? intf.run(id, dispatch, configFileData) File /usr/lib/anaconda/gui.py, line 350, in run self.icw.run (self.runres, configFileData) File /usr/lib/anaconda/gui.py, line 778, in run mainloop () File /usr/lib/python1.5/site-packages/gtk.py, line 2608, in mainloop _gtk.gtk_main() File /usr/lib/anaconda/gui.py, line 497, in handleRenderCallback self.currentWindow.renderCallback() File /usr/lib/anaconda/iw/progress_gui.py, line 135, in renderCallback self.intf.icw.nextClicked() File /usr/lib/anaconda/gui.py, line 399, in nextClicked self.dispatch.gotoNext() File ...
I might add that the nest bit is idiotic on several levels. First, the film should not have given us a good look at actual anacondas if it couldnt be bothered to make its fake ones actually look like the real deal. Second, theyre trying to imply that these are babies, which makes no sense--the snakes in that room were at least five feet long or more, so they would be of breeding age and despite giving birth to live young, anacondas dont stick around to take care of their babies. Third, the film already had a baby anaconda attack Westridge, so why is it expecting us to not know that baby anacondas are not that big? Im going to give the filmmakers the benefit of the doubt, though, and assume that they were implying the snake was vomiting up Sarone so she could eat Terri and not to feed her "young." Surely even this film isnt dumb enough to think that baby snakes could work together to somehow eat one adult human ...
The Empire State Index hits its highest level since May 2012, reports CNBCs Rick Santelli. And CNBCs Steve Liesman weighs in on the G20s struggles over currency wars. Also, a winning New York Fed Financial Awareness video, Repair Your Credit, Repair Your Life. With Robert Kaplan, former vice chairman of Goldman Sachs.
The green anaconda can grow up to 20 feet long and weigh a whopping 200 pounds. Thats a big body to feed. And the worlds largest rodent, the capybara, is the perfect entree.
The amygdala is strongly implicated in learning under emotionally charged settings such as fear. An inhibitory avoidance paradigm was used by Alkire and Nathan in which rats were placed in a lighted chamber facing a dark tunnel, which they normally prefer to enter. However, entrance into the dark area was negatively reinforced by electrical shock; rats quickly learned to avoid entering the dark tunnel and remained in the nonpreferred but "safe" lighted environment. When retested the next day, the rats continued to avoid entering the dark tunnel; their memory retention latency (i.e. , time to enter the dark tunnel) was very long, indicating that they remember being shocked. If a low concentration of sevoflurane was administered during the initial training period, the animals quickly entered the dark tunnel the following day, i.e. , sevoflurane prevented avoidance learning. However, after bilateral lesion of the basolateral amygdala, rats exhibited equally long memory retention latencies ...
The effects of thiopental and propofol were comparatively evaluated about its influence on cardiovascular and respiratory parameters, blood gas, blood glucose levels, cell kinetics and recovery period in 20 rabbits of New Zealand White, adults, male and female, with weight between 3,67±0,43 Kg. After a random selection, they were shared into two groups of 10 animals, called propofol group (GP) and thiopental group (GT). For GP, general anesthesia was induced by intravenous (IV) administration of propofol (10 mg/Kg) and then began continuous infusion at an initial dose 1 mg/Kg/min, and then was adjusted as necessary to the bispectral index values vary between 65 and 75. The same method was employed for GT, using thiopental instead propofol, at the dose of 10 mg/Kg for induction followed the initial dose of 1 mg/Kg/min. Data collection of the variables of interest in both groups began 20 minutes after induction of anesthesia (M0) and new measurements were made at 15 minutes intervals for a period ...
SEOUL, June 2 (Korea Bizwire) - A recent study showed that smokers or those exposed to second-hand smoke require more anesthetic and painkillers during surgical operations than non-smokers, hinting that exposure to smoking can hinder anesthesia and pain control.. According to a May 30 report by Science Daily, Erdogan Ozturk of Bezmialem Vakif University in Turkey arrived at the conclusion after dividing 90 women who underwent surgery to remove their uterus through abdominal hysterectomy into three groups: smokers, those who were exposed to secondhand smoke, and non-smokers. Doses of propofol and remifentanil were monitored for the three groups of 30 patients each.. Doctor Ozturks team compared the total amounts of anesthetic and painkillers among the three groups to maintain the Bispectral index value (BIS) from 40 to 60.. The amount of propofol used for the induction of anesthesia was 102.76mg for the smoker group, 84.53mg for the passive smoker group and 119.37mg for the non-smoker ...
SOURCE: NETFLIX (INSTANT VIEW). Thanks to Zombielands poor research team, I was under the impression that Anaconda was an R-rated movie, so I was dismayed to see the PG-13 rating on Netflix info screen as I sat down to end my inexplicable thirteen (!) year boycott of the original Anaconda, despite having seen all of the sequels. Who the hell watches Anaconda 4 at all, let alone without having the reason of "I wanted to see how it compared to the original"? Me, thats who.. Anyway, as is the case with many 90s horror movies, its pretty bland and overly "studio". Characters die in order of their Q rating (which of course, has reversed over the years - nowadays, Owen Wilson is probably the biggest box office draw out of all of them, but this was pretty much his first studio role), the requisite human villain is continually ignored by the monster so it can save him for last, etc. I may have never seen the movie before, but I have seen this movie several dozen times before, you know? And they ...
Sibert says that medical patients who are under general anesthesia are typically connected to a bispectral index, a technology that measures a persons level of consciousness and sends the information through a monitor. But for those who are only sedated, monitoring heart rate and blood pressure can suffice to determine whether there is brain activity ...
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IBM announced today that it is working with Continuum Analytics to offer Anaconda, a leading Open Data Science platform, on IBM Cognitive Systems. Anaconda
Anaconda XL : Does this imply you sexual coexistence will everlastingly be down? The response to this is NO. There are really common male upgrade methods and items, which expect to expand the extent o...
Recently I have had the opportunity to compare the Elrod Sig2, Elrod Statement, Shunyata Anaconda VX, NBS Black Label, and ESP Essence pcs separately on...
That could mean rpm (since rpm is responsible for taking the package and turning it into files on the filesystem) or that could mean yum since yum is the one that actually knows whether a package is being installed due to depsolving or user request. Doing this at a higher level means that information gets lost (for instance, if you do this in PackageKit, there wont be any information about what anaconda chose to install due to chckboxes being clicked and which things were installed due to dependencies ...
Modeling is a valuable tool in drug development, to support decision making, improving study design, and aid in regulatory approval and labeling. This thesis describes the development of pharmacometric models for drugs used in anesthesia and analgesia.. Models describing the effects on anesthetic depth, measured by the bispectral index (BIS), for a commonly used anesthetic, propofol, and for a novel anesthetic, AZD3043, were developed. The propofol model consisted of two effect-site compartments, and could describe the effects of propofol when the rate of infusion is changed during treatment. AZD3043 had a high clearance and a low volume of distribution, leading to a short half-life. The distribution to the effect site was fast, and together with the short plasma half-life leading to a fast onset and offset of effects. It was also shown that BIS after AZD3043 treatment is related to the probability of unconsciousness similar to propofol.. In analgesia studies dropout due to lack of efficacy is ...
en] BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the A-Line Autoregressive Index (AAI) response to surgical stimulation during lumbar arthrodesis, as an estimate of the anti-nociceptive component of a Bispectral Index (BIS) guided anaesthesia combined with epidural analgesia. METHODS: An epidural catheter was inserted in 23 patients allocated randomly to receive ropivacaine plus clonidine (Group R) or normal saline (Group S) epidurally. General anaesthesia was induced with propofol, cis-atracurium and a remifentanil infusion that was stopped 3 min after tracheal intubation, and maintained using sevoflurane to keep BIS at 50 (range 40-60). Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, end-tidal sevoflurane, BIS and AAI were analysed from 2 min before to 17 min after surgical incision. RESULTS: While BIS was maintained at 50, AAI significantly increased from a 2 min averaged value of 12 (4) to 21 (7) in Group S within the first 5 min after surgical incision, but did not change in Group R. Maximum AAI values reached ...
inproceedings{1981555, abstract = {This paper introduces a simplified linear interaction model between two drugs, namely Propofol and Remifentanil, which will be used in a model based predictive control algorithm for (nonlinear) automatic induction and regulation of DOA. Depth of anesthesia (DOA) is evaluated by means of the Bispectral index (BIS). The simulation tests are performed on a set of 24 virtually generated realistic patient models. The results are promising and the performance of the controller shows a high-efficiency, optimal dosage of the two drugs in order to achieve the desired BIS reference.}, author = {Ionescu, Clara-Mihaela and De Keyser, Robain and Struys, Michel}, booktitle = {2011 50th IEEE Conference on decision and control and European control conference (CDC-ECC)}, isbn = {9781612848013}, keyword = {DRUG-DELIVERY,BISPECTRAL INDEX,PHARMACODYNAMICS,PHARMACOKINETICS,AGE}, language = {eng}, location = {Orlando, FL, USA}, pages = {7374--7379}, publisher = {IEEE}, title = ...
Affiliation:京都大学,工学研究科,准教授, Research Field:Control engineering,計測・制御工学,Control engineering,Control engineering/System engineering,General surgery, Keywords:モデル予測制御,状態予測制御,プロポフォール,血糖値制御,薬力学モデル,Bispectral Index,BIS,propofol,麻酔制御,モデル化, # of Research Projects:17, # of Research Products:34, Ongoing Project:インスリン感度の変動を考慮した重症患者の血糖値制御の研究
Perfect for wrapping up your Anaconda Theme/Unit. Inside youll find 3 mini passages with information about Anacondas and questions that highlight important details for comprehension. Also, this product can be found inside the Animal Test Time BUNDLE.
Contrary to horror movies like Anaconda, I thought these snakes were very wary and scared of humans contrary to their size and power. Doesnt seem lik
Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol), an intravenous sedative-hypnotic approved by the FDA for the induction and maintenance of sedation and anesthesia, is one of the most commonly utilized medications in the ICU setting secondary to its anti-epileptic and neuro-protective properties. Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is a rare, but potentially fatal, adverse effect of propofol administration. First described in children in 1992, and subsequently named by Bray in 1998, PRIS was classically defined as acute bradycardia progressing to asystole status post propofol administration; occurring in the setting of one of the following: ...
a Cochrane review concluded that BIS within 40 to 60 may improve anaesthetic delivery and postoperative recovery from relatively deep anaesthesia, and more important that BIS-guided anaesthesia significantly reduces the incidence of intraoperative recall in surgical patients with high risk of awareness (ex. TIVA) [Punjasawadwong et al. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 4: CD003843, 2007]. The largest study in Cochrane was Myles et al. (2463 patients), the second-largest was only 268 patients. Cochrane did not review Avidan (see below), which was published later.. Myles et al. conducted a randomized, double blind trial of 2463 "high risk" patients (caesarean section, high-risk cardiac surgery [EF ,30%, cardiac index ,2·1 L/min per m2, severe aortic stenosis, pulmonary hypertension, or undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery], acute trauma with hypovolaemia, rigid bronchoscopy, significant impairment of cardiovascular status and expected intraoperative hypotension requiring treatment, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sufentanil infusion before extubation suppresses coughing on emergence without delaying extubation time and reduces postoperative analgesic requirement without increasing nausea and vomiting after desflurane anesthesia. AU - Lee, Jea Yeun. AU - Lim, Byung Gun. AU - Park, Hye Yoon. AU - Kim, Nan Sook. PY - 2012/6. Y1 - 2012/6. N2 - Background: Coughing, hypertension, tachycardia, and even laryngospasm can occur due to airway irritation during emergence from anesthesia. We investigated the effect of maintaining a sufentanil infusion during emergence from anesthesia by evaluating the incidence of cough and recovery profiles at extubation. Methods: In total, eighty-four patients undergoing an elective laparoscopic hysterectomy were randomly divided into two sufentanil groups and a control group. During emergence, sufentanil was administered in the sufentanil groups at a rate of 0.2 μg/kg/hr (Group S1) or 0.3 μg/kg/hr (Group S2), and saline was administered to the control group. ...
The placement of fertilizer with the seed (pop-up) is an old concept that has become more popular in recent years. This is an excellent placement option for growers who have large planters and cannot use the conventional starter attachments. This placement option is also well suited for fields that a medium level of soil test P and/or K. In the medium range, small rates of phosphate and/or potash are recommended.. Recent research conducted in Minnesota was designed to measure the effect of application of three rates of three fluid fertilizers applied in contact with corn seed on emergence and yield. A control (no pop-up used) was also included. The study was conducted at both the Southern Research and Outreach Center, Waseca, and the Southwest Research and Outreach Center, Lamberton.. The average effect of "pop-up" fertilizer on emergence is summarized in Table 5. Except for the application of 7-21-7 at a rate of 15 gallons per acre, none of the fluids studied had a negative effect on emergence. ...
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Traceback (most recent call last): File "tut5.py", line 81, in ,module, sim.createSimulateAnalyze(netParams, simConfig) File "/Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/netpyne/wrappers.py", line 71, in createSimulateAnalyze sim.analyze() File "/Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/netpyne/wrappers.py", line 49, in analyze sim.saveData() # run parallel Neuron simulation File "/Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/netpyne/simFuncs.py", line 1280, in saveData savemat(sim.cfg.filename+.mat, tupleToStr(replaceNoneObj(dataSave))) # replace None and {} with [] so can save in .mat format File "/Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/scipy/io/matlab/mio.py", line 211, in savemat MW.put_variables(mdict) File "/Users/aliyahtaylor/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/scipy/io/matlab/mio5.py", line 846, in put_variables self._matrix_writer.write_top(var, asbytes(name), is_global) File ...
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title:Comparison of Recovery Profiles of Propofol & Sevoflurane Anesthesia With Bispectral Index Monitoring (BIS) in General Anesthesia. Author:Mukesh Somvanshi, Deepti Agarwal, Archana Tripathi. Keywords:Propofol, Sevoflurane, Bispectral index, Recovery profile.. Type:Original Article. Abstract:Background: The aim of the study was to compare the effect of propofol & sevoflurane with respect to hemodynamic changes, recovery profiles and complications in patients scheduled for various elective surgical procedures under general anesthesia.Method: Fifty ASA physical status I-II patients of either sex, aged between 18 and 60 years were randomly divided into two groups to receive either propofol infusion (group P, n=25) or sevoflurane (group S, n=25). Cardiovascular parameters, SpO2 and bispectral index (BIS) scores were recorded. Time to eye opening, hand squeezing and achieve modified Aldretes Score ? 9 and the incidence of complications were noted. Results: Early recovery times [eye opening, hand ...
study exacerbations per patient year daliresp placebo absolute reduction inactive ingredients docusate sodium % sodium benzoate % sodium starch glycolate magnesium stearate and pregelatinized starch fainting or loss of consciousness monitor cbcs weekly during the first treatment cycle and prior to each treatment cycle thereafter administer recommended dose for initial cycle adjust dosage for each subsequent cycle as needed based on hematologic recovery see dosage modification for toxicity under dosage and administration do not administer cabazitaxel until neutrophil count is > mm high blood pressure heart disease geriatric bacillus of calmette and guerin vaccine live has been tested and has not been shown to cause different side effects or problems in older people than it does in younger adultsbuy Paxil CR 12.5 mg 60 tablets online no prescription Texas USA rx onlybuy with discount Paxil CR New Hampshire USA ,in short term placebo controlled trials in schizophrenia in adults the incidence of ...
Comparison of effects of propofol and ketofol (Ketamine-Propofol mixture) on emergence agitation in children undergoing tonsillectomy
BACKGROUND: The aepEX Plus monitor (aepEX) utilizes a mid-latency auditory evoked potential-derived index of depth of hypnosis (DoH). OBJECTIVE: This observational study evaluates the performance of the aepEX as a DoH monitor for pediatric patients receiving propofol-remifentanil anesthesia. METHODS: aepEX and BIS values were recorded simultaneously during surgery in three groups of 25 children (aged 1-3, 3-6 and 6-16 years). Propofol was administered by target-controlled infusion. The University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS) was used to clinically assess the DoH during emergence ...
INTRODUCTION: The Narcotrend is a new EEG monitor designed to measure the depth of anaesthesia based on a 6-letter classification from A (awake) to F (general anaesthesia with increasing burst suppression) and divided into 14 substages (A, B0-2, C0-2, D0-2, E0,1, F0,1). This study was designed to investigate the assessment of the depth of anaesthesia as measured by the Narcotrend in comparison with bispectral index monitoring (BIS). METHODS: Both BIS and Narcotrend EEG electrodes were positioned on the patients forehead as recommended by the manufacturers ...
Dont be surprised if patients start asking more questions than usual about awareness under anesthesia. We can all thank a recent article in The Atlantic magazine, with a large-print headline on the cover: "Awake Under the Knife". Written by a UCSF medical student, the article not only assures everyone that awareness can happen, but takes pains to point out that anesthesiologists cant always prevent it.. The articles author, one Joshua Lang, seems sincere in his effort to describe the science behind one type of awareness monitor known as the bispectral index (BIS), and the even more interesting research of Dr. Giulio Tononi, at the University of Wisconsin, in the neuroscience of sleep and consciousness. But you had to read the entire article to get to that information. The first half, loaded with anecdotes about awareness, is superficial at best, and leads me to wonder if the authors real aim is to make a name for himself as the next Atul Gawande. Perhaps he should take the trouble to finish ...
The prevalence of hyperglycaemia and its relationship with mortality, readmissions and length of stay in an older acute surgical population: a multicentre study ...
Users/fonnescj/anaconda3/envs/bios8366/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/ensemble/forest.py:439: UserWarning: Some inputs do not have OOB scores. This probably means too few trees were used to compute any reliable oob estimates. warn(Some inputs do not have OOB scores. /Users/fonnescj/anaconda3/envs/bios8366/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/ensemble/forest.py:439: UserWarning: Some inputs do not have OOB scores. This probably means too few trees were used to compute any reliable oob estimates. warn(Some inputs do not have OOB scores. /Users/fonnescj/anaconda3/envs/bios8366/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/ensemble/forest.py:439: UserWarning: Some inputs do not have OOB scores. This probably means too few trees were used to compute any reliable oob estimates. warn(Some inputs do not have OOB scores. /Users/fonnescj/anaconda3/envs/bios8366/lib/python3.5/site-packages/sklearn/ensemble/forest.py:439: UserWarning: Some inputs do not have OOB scores. This probably means too few trees ...
... said it raised nearly $17 million (€15 million) in a Series A round for the neurothrombectomy device its developing. The round, led by new investors Ysios Capital, Omega Funds and Banco Sabadell and prior backer Innogest Capital, is enough to carry the ANCD Brain device through validation & verification and clinical studies ahead of a CE Mark […]. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Integrating Advance Care Planning Videos into Surgical Oncologic Care. T2 - A Randomized Clinical Trial. AU - Aslakson, Rebecca A.. AU - Isenberg, Sarina R.. AU - Crossnohere, Norah L.. AU - Conca-Cheng, Alison M.. AU - Moore, Madeleine. AU - Bhamidipati, Akshay. AU - Mora, Silvia. AU - Miller, Judith. AU - Singh, Sarabdeep. AU - Swoboda, Sandra M.. AU - Pawlik, Timothy M.. AU - Weiss, Matthew J. AU - Volandes, Angelo. AU - Smith, Thomas J. AU - Bridges, John F.P.. AU - Roter, Debra. PY - 2019/7/1. Y1 - 2019/7/1. N2 - Background: Preoperative advance care planning (ACP) may benefit patients undergoing major surgery. Objective: To evaluate feasibility, safety, and early effectiveness of video-based ACP in a surgical population. Design: Randomized controlled trial with two study arms. Setting: Single, academic, inner-city tertiary care hospital. Subjects: Patients undergoing major cancer surgery were recruited from nine surgical clinics. Of 106 consecutive potential participants, ...
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The study was having been conducted in Wad Medani Teaching Hospital from March to September 2016. The objective of the study was to estimate the incidence of awareness under general anesthesia in Wad Medani Teaching Hospital for patients undergoing general anesthesia. The study designed as observational cross-sectional study; the data was collected by structural questionnaire filled during interview with the patients after their agreement. Cases of awareness and recall have been observed in 13.3 % among the study population. The study concluded that incidence of awareness under general anesthesia in Wad Medani Teaching Hospital is highly significant and more than the international practice and literature. It is also concluded that many factors caused this incidence of awareness include the decreased number of anesthesiologists , lack of proper funding for the hospital and anesthesia department , absence of anesthetic gases monitor sensors in the used anesthesia machine , and absence of ...
Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is a rare but often fatal complication as a result of large doses of propofol infusion (4-5 mg/kg/hr) for a prolonged period (,48 h). It has been reported in both children and adults. Besides large doses of propofol infusion, the risk factors include young age, acute neurological injury, low ...
loss of consciousness - MedHelps loss of consciousness Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for loss of consciousness. Find loss of consciousness information, treatments for loss of consciousness and loss of consciousness symptoms.
consciousness - MedHelps consciousness Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for consciousness. Find consciousness information, treatments for consciousness and consciousness symptoms.
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Nicki Minaj is set to perform a seriously sexy dance with a snake for her song Anaconda at the 2014 VMAs. Read on for the details.
Perhaps the primary field of "Our Something" is Consciousness. In action which resembles particle to particle encounter...Consciousness enables each unit of itself forward. Consciousness has an "immediacy" we dont understand. But...by considering it, we can have clearer thoughts about cause and effect, the separable nature of things, freewill, and fate. Time and distance is...also...carpet-like and connected, yet separable. *** Before entering Robot City, we ought to study Consciousness...before the human "I" slips away ...
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I havent been here much lately not that I havent written anything .... just that for some reason I did not seem to come up with something worth to post here, which doesnt mean that this is the epitome of perfection ..... Any comments are welcomed Ethan Brody :)
Intermediate-term memory (ITM) is a stage of memory distinct from sensory memory, working memory/short-term memory, and long-term memory.[1][2] While sensory memory persists for several milliseconds, working memory persists for up to thirty seconds, and long-term memory persists from thirty minutes to the end of an individuals life, intermediate-term memory persists for about two to three hours.[3] This overlap in the durations of these memory processes indicates that they occur simultaneously, rather than sequentially. Indeed, intermediate-term facilitation can be produced in the absence of long-term facilitation.[4] However, the boundaries between these forms of memory are not clear-cut, and they can vary depending on the task.[5] Intermediate-term memory is thought to be supported by the parahippocampal cortex.[6] In 1993, Rosenzweig and colleagues demonstrated that, in rats conditioned with an aversive stimulus, percent avoidance of the stimulus (and, by implication, memory of the aversive ...
Seizures or seizure-like phenomena which are mostly convulsive have been observed during the induction, maintenance and withdrawal phases of propofol administration. The nature and mechanism of this phenomenon are not well understood and several case reports on these phenomena have presented only indirect evidence. We report on a patient who was administered propofol in order to control status epilepticus with success. However, every attempt at propofol withdrawal was followed by convulsive seizure-like activity. Continuous EEG monitoring showed muscle artefacts without any ictal discharges. Based on this finding, the propofol treatment was withdrawn and the seizure-like activity eventually attenuated and resolved. We propose that seizure-like phenomena associated with propofol withdrawal may not be ictal in nature and should not lead to unnecessary resumption of propofol infusion without documentation of an epileptic origin by EEG.. ...
There is some debate about the maximum size of anacondas, and there have been unverified claims of enormous snakes alleged to be as long as 30-45 meters (100-150 feet). One such report is of a 1944 petroleum expedition in Colombia that claimed to have shot and measured an 11.4 meter (37.5 feet) specimen (Krystek 1999). This claim is not always regarded as reliable, particularly since the expedition did not photograph or skin the snake, since they claimed it turned out not to be dead and crawled or swam away while they ate lunch. Perhaps a more credible report came from scientist Vincent Roth, who claimed to have shot and killed a 10.3 meter (34 feet) anaconda in Guyana (Krystek 1999).. There are some reports from early European explorers of the South American jungles seeing giant anacondas up to 18.2 meters (60 feet) long, and some of the native peoples have reported seeing anacondas up to 15.2 meters (50 feet) long (ES 2007), but these reports remain unverified. Another claim of an ...
Dechambre et al (19) noted that false-positive FLAIR MR imaging findings for SAH could occur for patients who had strokes and who had previously undergone contrast-enhanced perfusion studies. They noted that the disruption of the blood-brain barrier may result in leakage of protein or contrast material chelates or both into the subarachnoid space. Contrast material leaching into the CSF has been observed to occur in other patients undergoing high dose contrast-enhanced MR angiographic studies, in patients who are in renal failure, and in patients with active seizures who are receiving contrast agents. Examples in which high protein may be the source of the high intensity on FLAIR MR images include cases of sinus thromboses and case of neurosarcoidosis (8, 20).. Other false-positive findings occur when the oxygen tension in the CSF is elevated from the use of inspired oxygen fractions ,0.60 during general anesthesia (21). Although propofol administration (22) was initially implicated, the ...
Background and study aims : In endoscopic procedures, propofol can be safely administered either alone or in conjunction with remifentanil. The aim of the study is to compare the effects of the administration of propofol alone and the administration of remifentanil in addition to propofol on patient and endoscopist satisfaction, preoperative hemodynamic response, and propofol consumption. ...
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Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is a rare but often fatal complication as a result of large doses of propofol infusion (4-5 mg/kg/hr) for a prolonged period (,48 h). It has been reported in both children and adults. Besides ...
WHAT IS CONSCIOUSNESS ? Consciousness is described as a state of knowing, or awareness, or recognizing the existence, truth, or fact of something. What is that something that is known or recognized by Consciousness ? I propose to explore the contents of Consciousness to answer the question of what is Consciousness ? CONSCIOUSNESS IS A…
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What is Access Bars? And how do the Access Consciousness processes work? What if the tools of consciousness can take you on a journey to discover who you are, and what you can create as your life?
Contrary to what Dr Dembski has stated, this simple example shows that a regular process, such as ROT13, can create CSI. Since a regular process can create CSI it is therefore incorrect to assert that a regular process cannot be the origin of any CSI found in living organisms. This is a major problem for IDs attempts to use the presence of CSI as a marker of design. CSI can be generated by non-design processes such as ROT13 ...
Что меня привело в Access Consciousness®? Это скорее всего мой вопрос или запрос. Чем я могу заниматься, что позволит реализовать мои таланты и способности, чтобы приносить пользу себе и этому миру? Тогда я еще не знал о таком инструменте, как вопрос, и совершенно не представлял, как его энергия может менять любую ситуацию, и как она открывает возможности там, где ты и не мог представить, что может для тебя проявиться.. Большую часть жизни я, и как большинство людей на этой планете, живут из огромного количества правил, категорий того, что возможно, а что нет. С ...
The starting point of all riches is the development of a prosperity consciousness. You must become a financial success in your thinking long before you achieve
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However, a monitor of the central nervous system may be more appropriate for monitoring consciousness. After the publication of ... A monitor of the Autonomic Nervous System (the first commercial monitor was the ANEMON-I monitor developed by former Swiss ... The monitoring of EEG in ICU patients has been employed in one form or other for more than two decades. BIS monitoring is also ... Monitoring Consciousness Using the Bispectral Index During Anesthesia by Scott D. Kelley M.D. (PDF) ...
Loss of consciousness. References[change , change source]. *↑ "Chemical weapons 101: Six facts about sarin and Syria's ... "CS Monitor. 21 August 2013.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes ...
... as sedation may impact on the mental status and thus interfere with the ability to monitor the level of consciousness. Deep ... Severe headache of rapid onset, vomiting, decreased level of consciousness[1]. Complications. Delayed cerebral ischemia, ... Those with a depressed level of consciousness may need to be intubated and mechanically ventilated. Blood pressure, pulse, ... Symptoms may include headache, decreased level of consciousness and hemiparesis (weakness of one side of the body). SAH is a ...
Reflexive monitoring occurs at the level of practical consciousness. Discursive consciousness is the ability to verbally ... Practical consciousness and discursive consciousness inform these abilities. Practical consciousness is the knowledgeability ... "Reflexive monitoring" refers to agents' ability to monitor their actions and those actions' settings and contexts. Monitoring ... The monitoring of the body, the control and use of face in 'face work'-these are fundamental to social integration in time and ...
Safety and Monitoring[edit]. Visual assessment is an important part of PSA. To quantify the level of consciousness, the ... Additionally, ventilatory rate can be visually monitored to give the caretakers an idea of pulmonary function.[1] Monitors are ... These include cardiac monitoring such as electrocardiogram, pulse oximetry, blood pressure cuff, and an end tidal carbon ... Additionally, a person is assigned to monitor the status of the patient and should be able to recognize the complications of ...
Monitoring is intended to detect this before it becomes too severe. Low blood pressure can cause cramping or loss of ... consciousness. Often this is temporary and passes after the head is placed down (Trendelenburg position) for a short time. At ...
Some clarifications on the role of inner speech in consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition (18), 530-531. Jones, S. R., & ... Fernyhoug, C. (2007). Thought as action: Inner speech, self-monitoring, and auditory verbal hallucinations. Consciousness and ... Our ability to talk to ourselves and think in words is a major part of the human experience of consciousness. From an early age ... Lucid dreaming Semiotics Stream of consciousness Subvocalization Friedemann Schulz von Thun Whistling Meditation Schlinger, H. ...
A differential approach to autonoetic consciousness. [Article]. Consciousness and Cognition, 17(4), 1082-1092. Schacter DL, ... Monitor Staff, 34(9), 62. http://www.apa.org/monitor/oct03/mental.aspx Quoidbach, J., Hansenne, M., & Mottet, C. (2008). ... Article]. Consciousness and Cognition, 19(1), 321-327. Osvath, M. (2010). Great ape foresight is looking great. [Editorial ...
Distributed thinking Collective consciousness Participatory monitoring Crowdfunding Crowdsourcing Robson, John (February 24, ...
This may be noticed by a decreasing level of consciousness, loss of the pupillary light reflex, and abnormal posturing.[3] The ... If there are signs of raised intracranial pressure, measures to monitor the pressure may be taken; this would allow the ... Mechanical ventilation may be needed if the level of consciousness is very low, or if there is evidence of respiratory failure ... In severe forms of meningitis, monitoring of blood electrolytes may be important; for example, hyponatremia is common in ...
... "activity theory is above all a social theory of consciousness" and therefore "... activity theory wants to define consciousness ... Illuminating the Development of a Conflict Monitoring Network. Communication Theory, 11(1), 56-83. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2885.2001 ... Vygotsky described consciousness as a phenomenon that unifies attention, intention, memory, reasoning, and speech..." and (p. 7 ... The object of activity theory is to understand the unity of consciousness and activity." Sometimes called "Cultural-Historical ...
Prill, T., & Fahrenberg, J. (2007). New methods in ambulatory BP monitoring: Interactive monitoring and detection of posture ... Neurophilosophische Kontroversen brain and consciousness. Neurophilosophical controversies. In S. Gauggel, & M. Herrmann (Eds ... Fahrenberg, J., Myrtek, M., Pawlik, K., & Perrez, M. (2007). Ambulatory Assessment - Monitoring Behaviour in Daily Life ... Computer-assisted psychological and psychophysiological methods in monitoring and field studies. Seattle, WA: Hogrefe & Huber. ...
During treatment monitoring continues for signs of deterioration such as a decreasing level of consciousness. Traumatic brain ... With mild TBI, the patient may remain conscious or may lose consciousness for a few seconds or minutes. Other symptoms of mild ... In those cases where the person is bedridden due to a reduction of consciousness, has to remain in a wheelchair because of ... Signs of increased ICP include decreasing level of consciousness, paralysis or weakness on one side of the body, and a blown ...
Lutz A.; Slagter H. A.; Dunne J. D.; Davidson R. J. (2008). "Attention regulation and monitoring in meditation". Trends in ... Lutz, Antoine; Dunne, John D.; Davidson, Richard J. (2007). "Meditation and the Neuroscience of Consciousness: An Introduction ... Focused attention meditation and open monitoring meditation are distinct types of mindfulness meditation, and the former ... The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge Handbooks in Psychology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 499-552. doi: ...
... elements of Guedel's classification have been superseded by depth of anaesthesia monitoring devices such as the BIS monitor; ... Stage I (stage of analgesia or disorientation): from beginning of induction of general anesthesia to loss of consciousness. ... Stage II (stage of excitement or delirium): from loss of consciousness to onset of automatic breathing. Eyelash reflex ... 1992: 100-2. McCulloch, T. J. (2005). "Use of BIS Monitoring Was Not Associated with a Reduced Incidence of Awareness". ...
In the Memory, Consciousness, and Temporality Theory, confabulation occurs because of a deficit in temporal consciousness or ... Furthermore, researchers argue that confabulation is a disorder resulting from failed "reality monitoring/source monitoring" (i ... More recently, a monitoring account for delusion, applied to confabulation, proposed both the inclusion of conscious and ... Along a similar notion are the theories of reality and source monitoring theories. In these theories, confabulation occurs when ...
Greek Helsinki Monitor. United Nations Human Rights Council. 18 February 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 June 2011 ... During the increase of national consciousness in the Balkans, standards for the languages of Slovene, Serbo-Croatian and ... "Greek Helsinki Monitor - Report about Compliance with the Principles of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National ... The Greek Helsinki Monitor reports: "... the term Slavomacedonian was introduced and was accepted by the community itself, ...
Consciousness is an integral part of the hypercognitive system. The very process of setting mental goals, planning their ... Mechanisms for monitoring non-verbal communication or skills for manipulating social interactions belong to this system. This ... The third level includes functions and processes oriented to monitoring, representing, and regulating the environment-oriented ... monitor planned activities vis-à-vis the goals; and (5) evaluate the outcome attained. These processes operate recursively in ...
Loss of consciousness before which there may be sweating, decreased ability to see, ringing in the ears[1][2]. ... A Holter monitor or event monitor. *An echocardiogram. *An electrophysiology study. Treatment[edit]. Treatment for reflex ... Reflex syncope is a brief loss of consciousness due to a neurologically induced drop in blood pressure.[2] Before the person ... When people lose consciousness, they fall down (unless prevented from doing so) and, when in this position, effective blood ...
Consciousness and Cognition, 14, 602-612. pdf Fabiani, M., Stadler, M.A., Wessels, P.M. (2000). True but not false memories ... Other attempts at explaining the phenomenon have attributed it to a source-monitoring error, suggesting that subjects could ... These results were taken to suggest that individuals who report recovered memories may have difficulty with source monitoring, ... pdf Johnson, M.K., Hashtroudi, S., & Lindsay, D.S. (1993). Source monitoring. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 3-28. Whittlesea, B. ...
The response team consists of security, medical and fire crew and should be conversant with alarm systems and CCTV monitoring. ... In other word he should be cyber consciousness Emergency management Fire fighting First aid NIBHV SBN. ...
Treatment focuses on monitoring and should be accomplished with inpatient floor service for individuals responsive to commands ... together with an alteration of the mental state and/or level of consciousness.[6] Focal neurological signs are either minimal ... monitoring via an intraventricular catheter and medications to maintain ICP, blood pressure, and coagulation.[2] In more severe ... or neurological ICU observation for those with impaired levels of consciousness.[10] Extra attention should be placed on ...
Daily News Monitoring Service. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015. CS1 maint: BOT: ... Ahmad, Syed Nesar (1 January 1991). Origins of Muslim Consciousness in India: A World-system Perspective. Greenwood Publishing ...
If the diver starts breathing and regains consciousness spontaneously, they should be continuously monitored until out of the ... Consciousness depends on a minimum partial pressure of oxygen in the brain not on the absolute quantity of the gas in the ... loss of consciousness caused by cerebral hypoxia towards the end of a breath-hold dive Freediving blackout, breath-hold ... 3. Also used in diving but not in free diving, loss of consciousness while ascending on a rebreather due to sudden drop of ...
Carbon dioxide scrubber life monitoring systems - temperature sensors monitor the progress of the reaction of the soda lime and ... There is a high risk that it will soon be unsuitable to support consciousness. A good general response is to add diluent gas to ... If oxygen monitoring fails, the diver can not be sure that the contents of a mixed gas CCR rebreather will sustain ... consciousness. Bailout is the only safe option. Oxygen monitoring is generally an optional facility on a SCR, but may be part ...
Consciousness[edit]. One of the ultimate goals of psychology/neuroscience is to be able to explain the everyday experience of ... "A framework for consciousness". Nat. Neurosci. 6 (2): 119-26. doi:10.1038/nn0203-119. PMID 12555104 ... Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring. *Neurochip. *Neurodegeneration. *Neurodevelopmental disorder. *Neurodiversity. * ... and Christof Koch made some attempts to formulate a consistent framework for future work in neural correlates of consciousness ...

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