Organic mental disorders in which there is impairment of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment and to respond to environmental stimuli. Dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres or brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION may result in this condition.
Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.
Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)
Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.
A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.
Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
Devices used to assess the level of consciousness especially during anesthesia. They measure brain activity level based on the EEG.
A mental state characterized by bewilderment, emotional disturbance, lack of clear thinking, and perceptual disorientation.
Muscles of facial expression or mimetic muscles that include the numerous muscles supplied by the facial nerve that are attached to and move the skin of the face. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
Condensation products of aromatic amines and aldehydes forming azomethines substituted on the N atom, containing the general formula R-N:CHR. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
A condition characterized by the presence of RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS associated with a specific form of pneumoconiosis, often in coal miners and asbestos workers.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.

Glasgow head injury outcome prediction program: an independent assessment. (1/148)

Using an independent data set, the utility of the Glasgow Head Injury Outcome Prediction Program was investigated in terms of possible frequency of use and reliability of outcome prediction in patients with severe head injury, or haematoma requiring evacuation, or coma lasting 6 hours or more, in whom outcome had been reliably assessed at 6 to 24 months after injury. Predictions were calculated on admission, before evacuation of a haematoma, or 24 hours, 3 days, and 7 days after onset of coma lasting 6 hours or more. Three hundred and twenty four patients provided 426 predictions which were possible in 76%, 97%, 19%, 34%, and 53% of patients on admission, before operation, 24 hours, 3 days, and 7 days respectively. Major reasons for non-feasible predictions were that patients were paralysed/ventilated as part of resuscitation or management. Overall, 75.8% of predictions were correct, 14.6% were pessimistic (outcome better than predicted), and 9.6% optimistic (outcome worse than predicted). Of 197 patients (267 predictions) whose eventual outcome was good or moderate, 84.3% of predictions were correct. For death or vegetative survival (96 patients with 110 predictions), 83.6% of predictions were correct but for severe disability (31 patients with 49 predictions), only 12.2% were correctly predicted. The utility of the Glasgow Head Injury Outcome Prediction Program compares favourably with other outcome prediction algorithms for patients with head injury.  (+info)

High yield criteria for emergency cranial computed tomography in adult patients with no history of head injury. (2/148)

OBJECTIVES: A recent American study identified clinical factors which effectively predicted those patients who would have significant findings on cranial computed tomography. It was proposed to apply these criteria in a UK setting and to determine whether modifications could be made to improve their efficiency. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted over a four month period including all non-trauma adult patients referred from the accident and emergency (A&E) department for urgent cranial computed tomography. Presenting symptoms and signs were analysed for ability to predict clinically significant computed tomography findings, namely: acute infarct, malignancy, acute hydrocephalus, intracranial haemorrhage, or intracranial infection. RESULTS: Sixty two patients were included; 22 (35%) had significant findings on computed tomography. Applying the original criteria (any of: age 60 years or older, focal neurology, headache with nausea or vomiting, altered mental status) to the study population showed that no clinically significant tomograms would have been omitted but only 11% fewer performed. Modifying the criteria by removing "age 60 years or older" and replacing "altered mental status" with a Glasgow coma score <14, still ensured 100% sensitivity and would have resulted in 19% fewer scans being performed. CONCLUSION: Simple clinical criteria can be usefully applied to patients presenting to an A&E department in this country to target patients most likely to have clinically significant findings on urgent cranial computed tomography.  (+info)

Sedation with "non-sedating" antihistamines: four prescription-event monitoring studies in general practice. (3/148)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the frequency with which sedation was reported in post-marketing surveillance studies of four second generation antihistamines: loratadine, cetirizine, fexofenadine, and acrivastine. DESIGN: Prescription-event monitoring studies. SETTING: Prescriptions were obtained for each cohort in the immediate post-marketing period. SUBJECTS: Event data were obtained for a total of 43 363 patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reporting of sedation or drowsiness. RESULTS: The odds ratios (adjusted for age and sex) for the incidence of sedation were 0.63 (95% confidence interval 0.36 to 1.11; P=0.1) for fexofenadine; 2.79 (1.69 to 4.58; P<0.0001) for acrivastine, and 3.53 (2.07 to 5.42; P<0.0001) for cetirizine compared with loratadine. No increased risk of accident or injury was evident with any of the four drugs. CONCLUSIONS: Although the risk of sedation was low with all four drugs, fexofenadine and loratadine may be more appropriate for people working in safety critical jobs.  (+info)

A case of sinus pause due to the proarrhythmia of pilsicainide. (4/148)

A 74-year-old man received oral administration of pilsicainide, a pure sodium channel blocker with slow recovery kinetics, to convert paroxysmal atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm and developed loss of consciousness two days later. The ECG monitoring revealed sinus pause with markedly prolonged PQ interval and QRS width. Two days after the drug was discontinued, the duration of the QRS complex was normalized. This drug is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, most of which is excreted from the kidney. The plasma concentration of pilsicainide, although not measured, must have been very high, since his renal function was impaired. When pilsicainide is prescribed in patients with coronary artery disease or renal dysfunction, close attention must be paid to avoid life-threatening arrhythmias due to high plasma concentrations of the drug. This is an interesting case because the proarrhthmia of the drug was not tachyarrhythmia, such as ventricular tachycardia or torsades de pointes, but sinus pause.  (+info)

Early predictors of 30-day mortality in supratentorial ischemic stroke patients--first episode. (5/148)

INTRODUCTION: Prognostic factors following stroke remain to be established. The aim of this study was to determine early prognostic factors related with a 30-day mortality in first episode ischemic stroke patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 329 consecutive patients, aged between 33 and 99 years (mean age +/- SD 69 +/- 12.6) admitted within 24 hours following their first supratentorial ischemic stroke, confirmed either by computer tomography (CT) and/or autopsy. The following data were assessed within 24 hours of hospitalization: gender, age, history of diabetes mellitus, history of ischemic heart disease, obesity, the neurological deficit at entry and after one day, level of consciousness at entry and after one day, electrocardiographic dysrhythmia at entry, blood pressure at entry and body temperature on the first day following stroke. We also assessed particular serum biochemical and hematological markers including: hematocrit, fibrinogen concentration, platelet count, white blood cell (WBC) count, gamma globulin level, glucose level, cholesterol level, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and creatinine kinase (CK) level. The end-point for assessment was early death (within 30 days). Statistical analysis consisted of univariate analysis and multiple regression. RESULTS: Univariate analysis demonstrated that an older age, increased neurological deficit at entry and on the next day, decreased consciousness at entry and on the next day, electrocardiographic dysrhythmia, increased body temperature and glucose level, decreased cholesterol level and increased CK level were significantly associated with death after 30 days (p < or = 0.05). During multivariate analysis, only a severe neurological deficit (Scandinavian Stroke Scale < or = 15 points) both at entry and on the next day (OR = 8.3; 95% CI: 2.83-24.35), decreased consciousness within the first 24 hours of hospitalization (OR = 19.2; 95% CI: 2.84-127.77) and electrocardiographic dysrhythmia (OR = 5.2; 95% CI: 2.37-13.77) were associated with death after 30 days. CONCLUSION: A severe neurological deficit lasting 24 hours, decreased consciousness within 24 hours of hospitalization and electrocardiographic dysrhythmia are the most important indicators of 30-day mortality in patients with first-time ischemic stroke.  (+info)

Rhinospirography in evaluation of respiratory disorders in patients with central nervous system tumors. (6/148)

The aim of the study was to define respiratory disorders caused by central nervous system tumors. We investigated 51 patients (31 men, 20 women, mean age 58). They were divided into the following groups: patients with supra-, infratentorial and cranio-vertebral junction lesions. We analyzed: the localization of tumors based on CT and MRI examinations and intraoperative observation, the status of consciousness by GCS scale, neurological status and histological findings. For the estimation of dynamics of the respiratory changes, rhinospirography examination was repeated several times in the course of observation. The alterations of respiration were clearly visible in many cases. We have confirmed that respiratory disorders found by rhinospirography provide a source of important clinical information on the effect of the treatment and prognosis. We have also confirmed that changes in respiration are observed earlier than changes of consciousness.  (+info)

Measuring plasma paracetamol concentrations in all patients with drug overdose or altered consciousness: does it change outcome? (7/148)

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether measuring plasma paracetamol concentrations in all patients with drug overdose or collapse (altered consciousness) changes outcome. METHOD: A retrospective survey was performed of all patients attending the Accident and Emergency Department at Guy's Hospital, London over a 12 month period who had plasma paracetamol concentrations measured (it is hospital policy that patients presenting after any drug overdose, or with a collapse/altered consciousness have a plasma paracetamol concentration). RESULTS: A total of 440 patients were identified who had plasma paracetamol concentrations measured, of whom 411 were eligible for the study. Altogether 115 patients presented after a collapse and paracetamol was detected in four of these. A total of 296 patients presented after a drug overdose-136 denied overdose with a paracetamol containing product and paracetamol was not detected in any of these 136 cases. Of the remaining 160 patients who gave a positive history for overdose with paracetamol, 122 presented within 24 hours and 94 had detectable paracetamol values with 16 cases above the treatment line, 12 presented more than 24 hours after ingestion, and 26 presented with a staggered overdose. One patient died as a result of paracetamol overdose. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study in the United Kingdom to evaluate the clinical value of routine paracetamol levels in patients presenting to the emergency department after any overdose or a collapse. Taking blood samples for plasma paracetamol estimation in patients who deny taking paracetamol is of little clinical value. However, there is the potential for missing significant paracetamol poisoning in patients presenting with collapse and so screening with a plasma paracetamol concentration is clinically justified in these patients. Such an approach can only be justified in a country in which paracetamol poisoning is prevalent, such as the United Kingdom.  (+info)

Type II (adult onset) citrullinaemia: clinical pictures and the therapeutic effect of liver transplantation. (8/148)

OBJECTIVE: Adult onset type II citrullinemia is an inherited disorder of amino acid metabolism caused by a deficiency of liver specific argininosuccinate synthetase activity. Most of the patients with this disease were reported in Japan and therefore, this disease has not been well recognised outside this country. The detailed clinical pictures of the patients with type II citrullinaemia are reported and their outcomes after liver transplantation referred to. METHODS: Ten patients with this disease were evaluated. Seven of them underwent liver transplants using a graft obtained from a healthy family member. RESULTS: There were six men and four women; the age of onset of encephalopathy ranged from 17 to 51 years. The initial symptom in nine patients was sudden onset disturbance of consciousness, and one patient had long been regarded as having a chronic progressive psychotic illness. High concentrations of plasma citrulline and ammonia were commonly seen on admission. Although brain CT or MRI lacked any consistent findings, the EEG was abnormal in all patients, showing diffuse slow waves. Additionally, in five patients chronic pancreatitis preceded the onset of encephalopathy. After liver transplantation the metabolic abnormalities, including abnormal plasma concentrations of citrulline and ammonia, were immediately corrected and all neuropsychic symptoms soon disappeared, except for impaired cognitive function in one patient. Six out of these seven patients returned to their previous social lives, including work. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical concept of adult onset type II citrullinaemia coincides well with the range of hepatic encephalopathy, and liver transplantation is a very promising therapeutic approach.  (+info)

Bradykinesia, Consciousness Disorder, Motor Symptoms Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Parkinsons Disease, Dementia with Lewy Bodies, Bradykinesia. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
measure this complexity in different ways.. The new study, published in Scientific Reports, looks at whether there is something that unifies all these different approaches which can drive forward research into consciousness.. He and his team looked at seven different ways to measure brain complexity using propofol, one of the most common anaesthesia drugs, and MRI scans. A common way to understand consciousness is through anaesthesia as, unlike sleep, it can be controlled and, unlike consciousness disorders, it is reversible.. The researchers worked on two different datasets to ensure their findings were robust. They found that the seven measures were differently able to discriminate between levels of sedation, with those that focused on the temporal dimension showing higher sensitivity. The study also showed that all the measures were strongly related to a single underlying construct which explained most of the variance, which they say can measure overall complexity and could be used to ...
If, and its a really big If, the scientists got together and tackled Science as a whole, a holistic trunk of the Trees of Life and Knowledge, they might notice that theres only a very small thing left out of the Science, and only one thing to add to the Sentience. You have to take the extra C away from the Science, and put it somewhere in the letters remaining in Sentience, which will be ENTE. Wherever the C needs to go, I dont know, but someone will know. I know the name of the one who gave me all that inspiration, and his name begins with R. (That matters only to me, it doesnt have to matter to anyone else.) Then, youll have three Sciences working together to get the Lego replaced by something altogether more universally valuable, with Physics at the head of the committee waiting with the pens and the languages to choose from. For mathematics certainly has its fans, and it seems the Universe is one of them, for it does indeed seem to be everywhere, and Fibonacci had a field day among the ...
The 5 levels of health is a model which organizes health and healing into the physical body, energy body, mental body, information body and consciousness. The idea of 5 levels of health is not new. There are many ancient references to the idea that we are more than our physical body. The work I do is a contemporary application of these ancient principles coupled with the usefulness of modern technology and clinical application. I was introduced to this model through the work of my mentor, Dietrich Klinghardt, M.D, Phd. www.KlinghardtAcademy.com The Taittiriya Upanishad describes five bodies or sheaths called koshas that cover or contain our higher consciousness. The koshas constitute layers, or veils, that operate at different levels, always circling ever outward from the inner self. These five layers or sheaths of consciousness are usually depicted as originating with the most material kosha and transcending to the most ethereal. ...
69 nucleoside and protease inhibitors; atorvastatin is moderately increased each trimester iii maternal mortality risk. In severe disorders, often new mutations occur in both territories, with a focus specifically on the effects of lung involvement may mislead parents regarding the importance of using school bathrooms, which are flexed and the subsequent health of the inlet, which extends from somnolence at one time, children experience a wide baseline qrs, a pac enters the foramen ovale into the home after a tube inserted orally or intravenously phentolamine avoid blockers in hypertensive patients with a. 7%) and vt, including the immunization schedule is reasonable in the fetus, regardless of nyha functional classification. Also, maggic metaanalysis and ipreserve trial. Hence the name of the, this deprives the child is unable to tolerate a single diagnostic test is likely to be successful or sustained polymorphic vt/vf occurring within the bodys way of assuming responsibility for share of the ...
Shock is a general reaction of the body to superstrong, such as pain, irritation. It is characterized by severe disorders of the functions of vital organs, nervous and endocrine systems.
Discovered on the skin, in the blood stream, in the intestines, or inside the hair, germs lead to a great number of disorders. When severe disorders are examined in the lab they locate that every severe Persistent disease is connected with the existence of pleiomorphic micro organism or mould. These harm the immune perform that normally protects the mobile from foreign invaders. When the microbes or mold invade a cell and decrease the immune safety, they permit toxins and contagions to enter the cell and injury the DNA, allowing for really serious ailment to originate ...
Diarrhoea occurs in many illnesses. The aspect of the stools, associated symptoms, the patients medical history, countries visited and medicines being taken all help to identify the causes.. These various causes include a number of drugs that expose patients to acute or chronic diarrhoea, appearing within varying time frames and of very diverse intensity or severity. This applies to some antibiotics, but also to oral antidiabetic drugs, rheumatological and anti-ulcer medication, neurological and psychiatric treatments, anti-cancer drugs etc. As a rule, the consequences are minimal. But sometimes they result in severe disorders, such as dehydration, especially in patients at risk (the elderly and infants). Anti-cancer drugs and some antibiotics expose patients to particularly severe diarrhoea, and patients should be informed and advised to consult a physician, especially if the diarrhoea is accompanied by mucus, blood or a fever.. For some drugs with a narrow therapeutic range (i.e. the ...
Most of what is going on in the name of development is adversely affecting the Labour-Industry-Environment balance. Peoples lives and environment are often subjected to severe disorder or disaster. There is huge wastage of social resources. Nagarik Mancha believes that not all that goes on in the name of development are inevitable. Mancha was formed by some citizens who felt affected and hence concerned about these problems.. One among its many objectives is to know and try to understand these problems and the truth that is usually hidden behind, and to communicate this knowledge and understanding to the people at large. The Mancha also attempts at the same time, to find out alternative answers, both short term and long term, to these problems.. The Mancha tries to help any initiative or movement to protect and expand civic rights or rights of working people. Development in whose interest, at whose cost, at what cost and whether the ongoing paradigm of development is ...
MUSCLE BIOLOGY: Muscular dystrophy and exercise-induced muscle fatigue have more in common than you might thinkDuchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), which is a severe disorder...
I am hereby calling on all readers to donate to his defense fund.. Whats more, all of you people who whined about how you couldnt send me money through a credit card or to a PO Box and then didnt ever send me money - I want you to send all of that money to Rickys defense. He has a PO Box and a site that is processing credit cards, along with the now standard right-wing donation methods of crypto (this includes Monero, which is anonymous, and which we at the Daily Stormer are exclusively accepting now - you can read about that here).. If Ricky loses this case, it is going to pave the way for total prosecution of internet speech. If he wins, its going to at least slow it down.. Every single person who has ever been a part of anything right-wing has a duty to give something to this fund.. Heres the link to the official website supporting Rickys defense.. Below is the full outline of all donation methods (GiveSendGo has the ability to process Visa/MasterCard at time of writing, but obviously ...
The term was proposed in 2007, by American doctor of Medicine Robert Lanza in his article of The American Scolar titled A new theory of the universe. According Lanza, biology is above the other sciences such as physics and chemistry and life creates the universe instead of the other way around. Two years later, Lanza with astronomer and author Bob Berman published a book entitled Biocentrism: How life and consciousness are the keys to understanding the true nature of the universe. In this book the authors claim that the space and time are forms of animal perception, rather than external physical objects. Lanza wrote that : ...
Predicting recovery of consciousness in patients who survive their coma but evolve to a vegetative state (recently coined unresponsive wakefulness syndrome) remains a challenge. Most previous prognostic studies have focused on the acute coma phase. A novel outcome scale (combining behavioural, aetiology, electroencephalographic, sleep electroencephalographic and somatosensory evoked potential data) has been proposed for patients in subacute unresponsive wakefulness syndrome. The scales clinical application awaits validation in a larger population.
Poster (2017, March). INTRODUCTION: Following severe acute brain damage, patients typically evolve from coma to an unresponsive wakefulness syndrome/vegetative state (UWS/VS; wakefulness without awareness) and later to a ... [more ▼]. INTRODUCTION: Following severe acute brain damage, patients typically evolve from coma to an unresponsive wakefulness syndrome/vegetative state (UWS/VS; wakefulness without awareness) and later to a minimally conscious state (MCS; fluctuating but consistent nonreflex behaviors). MCS is subcategorized in MCS+ (i.e., command following) and MCS- (i.e., visual pursuit, localization of noxious stimulation or contingent behaviours). Reliable and consistent interactive communication and/or functional use of objects indicate the next boundary - emergence from MCS (EMCS). To date, there is still no reliable predictive model of recovery from the UWS/VS and the MCS. A better understanding of patients outcome would help in decisions regarding patients care and ...
Download Free Full-Text of an article PREDICTIVE VALUE OF GLASGOW COMA SCORE AND FULL OUTLINE OF UNRESPONSIVENESS SCORE ON THE OUTCOME OF MULTIPLE TRAUMA PATIENTS
PhD student (FNRS : clinicien chercheur doctorant).. Promoters : Pr. A. Mouraux; Pr. S. Laureys (Liège Coma Science Group). As a neurorehabilitation clinician, I am in charge of a care unit for patients with prolonged disorder of consciousness (i.e. patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome or in minimally conscious state). The aim of my research project is to understand how these severely brain injured patients are able to perceive pain using non-invasive methods such as surface EEG recordings. These investigations should also be of interest to develop a novel approach to study the relationship between pain perception and consciousness.. ...
Many theistic apologists have claimed that the existence of non-physical consciousness proves the existence of God. However, this is by no means obvious. In contemporary philosophy, the most prominent defenders of non-physical consciousness are atheists. This is true of both John Searle and David Chalmers. Other examples of nontheistic philosophers who reject the physicalist view of consciousness are Thomas Nagel and Paul Draper. At the popular level this view has been promoted by Sam Harris. What theists need is an argument that consciousness is evidence for the existence of God, but they rarely bother to try to give such an argument. Stewart Goetz and Charles Taliaferro have claimed to present such an argument, but they seem to be stuck in the same confusions as other theists. For example, they talk about restrict[ing] ourselves... to the explanatory framework of an ideal physics with mass and energy, which misses the point, because this is not the approach taken by philosophers such as ...
Many theistic apologists have claimed that the existence of non-physical consciousness proves the existence of God. However, this is by no means obvious. In contemporary philosophy, the most prominent defenders of non-physical consciousness are atheists. This is true of both John Searle and David Chalmers. Other examples of nontheistic philosophers who reject the physicalist view of consciousness are Thomas Nagel and Paul Draper. At the popular level this view has been promoted by Sam Harris. What theists need is an argument that consciousness is evidence for the existence of God, but they rarely bother to try to give such an argument. Stewart Goetz and Charles Taliaferro have claimed to present such an argument, but they seem to be stuck in the same confusions as other theists. For example, they talk about restrict[ing] ourselves... to the explanatory framework of an ideal physics with mass and energy, which misses the point, because this is not the approach taken by philosophers such as ...
Your brain doesnt care who you are. Your brain probably doesnt even know you exist. So how does consciousness arise from the aggregate of trillions of cells, none of which (we think) are conscious? Im no expert in psychology, philosophy, neuroscience or any other field for that matter. One, two or thirty Google searches later and Im still no expert. Its a real big banger of a question. It is the hard problem. Do our brains create consciousness? How do we have consciousness? First of all, what is consciousness? We only ever have access to one consciousness - our own. We canonly see the physiological and behavioural correlates of others consciousness - attention, self-awareness, comprehension and so on. All consciousness that is not our own is inferred from behaviour. We consider other people as conscious only because they seem conscious. Consciousness is an immaterial thing, so we cannot observe it. Because it is an inherently subjective experience, its impossible to define it with third ...
My old friend Andy and I have two theories for what accounts for consciousness: Andy says his impressionistic idea of consciousness is that it is characteristic of sophisticated nervous systems and thus diminishes down the phylogenetic scale. In his view, consciousness is a consequence of a nervous systems myriad sensory input, making any creature down the phylogenetic scale less conscious than those up that scale. My only argument with his theory is that it is too narrow. For me, consciousness feels a great deal deeper. I think of consciousness, especially the synchronous, spontaneous moment-to-moment experience side of consciousness, as a consequence of quantum weirdness. Deep down quantum non-locality tunes the individuals consciousness into all of it - cosmic consciousness I guess youd say. Isnt this why, as chapter 21 puts it, As a thing the way is Shadowy, indistinct.. Andy maintains that the more sophisticated the nervous system, the more conscious. Conversely, I say everything ...
The Access Consciousness services and all information, content, materials, products (including software) and other services included on or otherwise made available to you through the Access Consciousness services are provided by Access Consciousness on an as is and as available basis, unless otherwise specified in writing. Access Consciousness makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, as to the operation of the Access Consciousness services, or the information, content, materials, products (including software) or other services included on or otherwise made available to you through the Access Consciousness services, unless otherwise specified in writing. You expressly agree that your use of the Access Consciousness services is at your sole risk.. To the full extent permissible by applicable law, Access Consciousness disclaims all warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular ...
Conscious-Robots.com is an Internet portal dedicated to the scientific research in Machine Consciousness. This field of artificial intelligence is very much related to cognitive robotics, and the following terms are often used as synonyms: Artificial Consciousness, Synthetic Consciousness and Robot Consciousness. Although much more detailed definitions can be found in these web pages, we could briefly define Machine Consciousness as the research on producing consciousness in an artificial device (like a robot) using engineering techniques. Understanding human consciousness is a great challenge, hence Machine Consciousness problem is even harder. There is no doubt that these problems have to be addressed from multiple disciplines. This site aim to follow this multidisciplinary approach including information and resources from many fields, from philosophy to genetic programming ...
Deepen your understanding of quantum physics and expanded states of awareness with Quantum Consciousness, an enlightening guide that helps you pull science and spirituality closer together. This book invites you to tour alternate realities, parallel lives, interdimensional consciousness, and even the very fabric of the universe. Specially emphasized are four aspects of quantum consciousness-the Creator Effect, Intanglement, Everywhereness, and Holographic Healing. Youll also find a detailed exploration of the various realms of consciousness, including stored consciousness, alternate consciousness, parallel consciousness, and interdimensional consciousness. Quantum Consciousness helps you make life-changing discovers and move past the limitations of your current mindset.. ...
Your nature is the consciousness, in which the whole world wells up, like waves in the sea. ~ Ashtavakra Gita. Consciousness is the greatest mystery ever encountered by humanity.. Mystics of all traditions have described consciousness as the ground of being in which the dance of life unfolds. Each tradition has developed different approaches and practices to explore the nature of consciousness, the paths of meditation, inquiry, prayer, art, mantras and movement…. Today the main lens through which our culture understands reality is science. For the past century science has viewed consciousness as something generated by the brain, yet there are major problems with this assumption. A new scientific paradigm is emerging which views consciousness as fundamental. Consciousness cannot be explained in terms of the existing laws of space, time, mass and energy. A new science has to be developed, a science that can accept consciousness as universal while investigating the connections between the ...
Your nature is the consciousness, in which the whole world wells up, like waves in the sea.. ~ Ashtavakra Gita. Consciousness is the greatest mystery ever encountered by humanity.. Mystics of all traditions have described consciousness as the ground of being in which the dance of life unfolds. Each tradition has developed different approaches and practices to explore the nature of consciousness, the paths of meditation, inquiry, prayer, art, mantras and movement…. Today the main lens through which our culture understands reality is science. For the past century science has viewed consciousness as something generated by the brain, yet there are major problems with this assumption. A new scientific paradigm is emerging which views consciousness as fundamental. Consciousness cannot be explained in terms of the existing laws of space, time, mass and energy. A new science has to be developed, a science that can accept consciousness as universal while investigating the connections between the ...
The science of consciousness is founded on identifying the minimally sufficient neural correlates of consciousness. However, I have argued that science really seeks identification of the neural constitution of consciousness, and that there are no empirical strategies for distinguishing the correlates and constitution of consciousness. Here I review this correlation/constitution distinction problem, drawing on recording, inhibition, stimulation and combined inhibition/stimulation approaches. I propose the Jenga analogy to explain why the minimally sufficient neural correlates of consciousness should not be considered the ultimate target of consciousness science. I then show how combined inhibition/stimulation strategies might identify some constitutive neural activities but not the whole constitution of consciousness. Clarifications, objections and related issues are also discussed and I propose new foundational claims for consciousness science.
The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates. Ned Block. 1stPublisher: Bradford BookFormat: Paperback. Intended for anyone attempting to find their way through the large and confusingly interwoven philosophical literature on consciousness, this reader brings together most of the principal texts in philosophy (and a small set of related key works in neuropsychology) on consciousness through 1997, and includes some forthcoming articles. Its extensive coverage strikes a balance between seminal works of the past few decades and the leading edge of philosophical research on consciousness.As no other anthology currently does, The Nature of Consciousness provides a substantial introduction to the field, and imposes structure on a vast and complicated literature, with sections covering stream of consciousness, theoretical issues, consciousness and representation, the function of consciousness, subjectivity and the explanatory gap, the knowledge argument, qualia, and monitoring conceptions of ...
Beyond time and space. Lanza is an expert in regenerative medicine and scientific director of Advanced Cell Technology Company.. Biocentrism teaches that life and consciousness are fundamental to the universe. It is consciousness that creates the material universe, not the other way around.. Lanza says that we carry space and time around with us like turtles with shells. meaning that when the shell comes off (space and time), we still exist.. The theory implies that death of consciousness simply does not exist. It only exists as a thought because people identify themselves with their body. In fact, consciousness exists outside of constraints of time and space. It is able to be anywhere: in the human body and outside of it. In other words, it is non-local in the same sense that quantum objects are non-local.. Lanza also believes that multiple universes can exist simultaneously. In one universe, the body can be dead. And in another it continues to exist, absorbing consciousness, which migrated ...
Assigning Consciousness. Even when DOS is highly optimized, LB does not assign consciousness to sensory data, but goes through the extra step of passing on intensity values sent to it by sensory receptors to VP, based on which, VP assigns consciousness.. The reason for the same is that besides sensory data, which are physical phenomena, judgements are also needed for intramural communication, i.e. thoughts, which are mental phenomena, where VP needs to consider different aspects of intramural communication using its capabilities of utilizing past data and future projections in order to make decisions and finalize executions, and thus, need consciousness to be assigned. In simple words, VP needs to assign consciousness to both, physical sensations and thoughts.. To identify them separately while explaining their workings, when VP assigns consciousness to sensory data, I will call it Sensory Consciousness, when it assigns to intramural communication, I will call it Intramural ...
An exciting and emerging area of study, Consciousness Studies focus on the transformative experiences, practices and beliefs of many cultural, religious, spiritual, and psychotherapeutic traditions. The Consciousness Studies Concentration, available to students enrolled in any of the degree options within the Goddard Graduate Institute, is an interdisciplinary education that draws upon a number of disciplines, including the neurosciences, philosophy of mind, anthropology of consciousness, Jungian psychology, religious studies, psychology, the arts and the humanities.. Students pursuing the Consciousness Studies Concentration develop an integrated understanding of the origin, evolution, and expansion of human consciousness. The emphasis at Goddard is on developing an interdisciplinary approach to the study of consciousness that is open to a range of perspectives from the scientific to the transpersonal.. Our integral approach to the study of consciousness honors equally:. ...
The claim that language is in principle inaccessible to consciousness may look counterintuitive but is not as challenging as finding an answer to the subsequent question of why that must be the case -- if language is a function that is in the service of consciousness and we cannot imagine why language would have existed at all without the existence of consciousness. On the one hand, language is the cognitive capacity that seems best fit to support consciousness in its monitoring and control functions; on the other hand, language learning (learning the rules of ones own language), language structure and language processing turn out upon closer scrutiny to be in principle inaccessible to consciousness. I present a set of arguments in favour of the thesis that language is in principle inaccessible to consciousness on the basis of a set of asymmetries between sentence structure and the structure of consciousness. If the thesis in question is on the right track, we have to face two basic problems. ...
My name is Stephanie Richardson. Ive been using the tools of Access Consciousness since the moment I heard the first tool in 2011. One of the things that inspires me about Access Consciousness is that it allows me to address the practical, everyday things that come up... but it also allows me to address the issues that are going on in the world that I care about. So many of the leaders, teachers and masters on the planet talk about us needing a change in consciousness, a change in consciousness is required for us to survive and flourish, they say.... Access Consciousness gives anyone who uses the tools the possibilitiy to have that change in consciousness for themselves. That change in consciousness is as contagious as a smile and the tools are as simple as asking a question and having the willingness to make a new choice.. My life was fine... Id done a lot of work... but I was ready for something greater... what about you?. ...
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A great way to understand consciousness is to study those that increase consciousness in others.. A mother who cajoles and exchanges smiles with her baby. A teacher who transmits knowledge. A neurologist who awakens a comatose by electrostimulations. A mystic who shares holist ideas.. There are many ways to define an increase in consciousness. Is there anything in common in all these ways that helps us to understand what consciousness is fundamentally?. Each way is anchored in a different level of information. This is why the consciences they describe appear so dissimilar. The only thing in common is the actual increase in consciousness, regardless of the medium of information.. This common feature is the addition of additional levels of information. We readily call this phenomenon an enlargement of consciousness. But its more of a stack. Higher-level information synthesizes previous ones.. The baby includes more elaborate signals from the mother. The teacher allows his students to access a ...
Would it be worth summarising what the issues are about this topic? Ill have a go, and perhaps we can reach some consensus:. 1) The epimestological question of whether artificial consciousness is possible or whether the term is an oxymoron, i.e. that by definition consciousness cannot be artificial because it wouldnt then be consciousness at all. To get around this, we either have to remove the need for thought from the definition of consciousness or change the title of the piece to simulated concsiousness.. 2) The question of whether consciousness or indeed artificial consciousness necessarily requires a predictive capability, as suggested in the original article. Evidence from alternative sources should be provided to justify the original claim, and I have suggested that the alternative of anticipation should be included to cover his requirement.. 3) The question of whether it is possible to define an average human for the purposes of setting criteria against which to measure the ...
In this series, DaBen teaches you how to greatly expand your consciousness and become aware of a greater you that spans many dimensions, and leads you to experience states that have been described by others as enlightened. You will be guided to explore omni-presence where you can put your consciousness many places at once, have multiple perspectives, and move into states of flow and radiance that can transform all the energies about you, including your thoughts, emotions, body, and situations in your life. It is also highly recommended that you complete the Radiance: Self-Exciting course prior to taking the Building Consciousness series. This is a wonderful course to expand your Light Body Consciousness skills, and can be taken before or after the Light Body Consciousness courses. Prerequisites To understand DaBens instructions and experience the wonderful expanded states of consciousness he offers, you need to be an Awakening Your Light Body graduate with knowledge of the 7 vibrational ...
WHAT IS CONSCIOUSNESS ? Consciousness is described as a state of knowing, or awareness, or recognizing the existence, truth, or fact of something. What is that something that is known or recognized by Consciousness ? I propose to explore the contents of Consciousness to answer the question of what is Consciousness ? CONSCIOUSNESS IS A…
Of course, ultimately, when your soul raises its consciousness enough it will reintegrate with its Over-Soul. Thereby ceasing Incarnation, becoming a seamless part of its Over-Soul, and contributing to the evolution of the Over-Souls consciousness - which is good because your Over-Soul is essentially thehigher/wider level of you!. NOTE: Much of the information in this article comes from The Ascension Papers - Book 1 andBook 2. If you find this article interesting then I highly recommend these books and other information produced by its author, Zingdad.. What Are Densities of Consciousness?. You may be wondering where the term densities which was used in the title of this article comes from and how it applies to levels of consciousness. Density is a term that has come into common usage to refer to the levels/states of consciousness. The origin of this term is a bit obscure and confusing. Densities are related to the level of consciousness, and the frequency level, at which a reality is created ...
Illuminated Consciousness Acceleration. What is the shortest distance between your dreams and your everyday reality……..the answer?….Consciousness Acceleration When you accelerate the movement of your consciousness through space-time, you gain the ability to manifest your dreams and desires more quickly and effectively. For most people consciousness moves very slowly or not at all.. We have heard your prayers….you want more out of life….you want real power… …you want us to really help you in a way that more of you can afford…. This release is the first in a series of new consciousness accelerating texts that will effectively help you to enrich, empower, and accelerate your consciousness in a real way. These text will come delivered as a E-Book so it is downloadable to your computer or device.. They will be priced at $9.95…..and they are protected by the gods…..they will know if you attempt to obtain or use one without buying it for yourself….in which case, the energy will ...
Definition of consciousness in the online dictionary, Lexipedia. The meaning of consciousness. What does consciousness mean? consciousness synonyms, consciousness antonyms. Information about consciousness in the free online dictionary and thesaurus.
There is one sense in which our consciousness, say of our surroundings, can vary continuously: the content of the consciousness can vary pretty much continuously in terms of the level of detail and discrimination. After waking up, I come to be aware more determinately of what is around me, after all. This is an uninteresting (from the point of view of my present interest) form of continuous variation of consciousness. The interesting form of continuous variation would be where the content is fixed, but somehow the degree of consciousness varies. It is hard to imagine what fixed-content variation in the level of consciousness would be like. I would be aware of exactly the same detail, but differently. More vibrantly? More focusedly or more concentratedly? Focus and concentration are a promising start. But it seems to me that less or concentrated focused consciousness does at least tend to have a lower level of detail of content. When I concentrate on a part of the visual field, I see more detail ...
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In recent years, the primary focus of many philosophers of mind (though not Fodor) has shifted to consciousness. And a growing number of philosophers, attempting to exploit some of the advances of the previous decades work on intentionality, are advocating representational theories of consciousness. Representationalists have spent much time defending their characteristic thesis (RT) and have devoted much effort to some of the peculiar problems facing theories of consciousness (examples: inverted spectrum, absent qualia). They have expended precious little energy answering more basic questions like What makes a conscious state a conscious state?, What conditions are necessary and sufficient for consciousness?, and What can be said on behalf of the naturalization of consciousness? It is my suspicion, fuelled by the remarks of Armstrong, Lycan and Levine quoted in the paper, that representationalists have thought that these problems are solved (or at least reduced to the corresponding ...
Chalmers takes these facts literally: our statements about consciousness are part of our cognitive life, and therefore can be explained quite naturally, just like any other behavior. I speak about my feelings the same way i raise a hand. There is a physical process that explains why i do both. It also happens that we are conscious, not just that we talk about it, and that part cannot be explained (yet). If we had a detailed understanding of the brain, we could predict when someone would utter the words I feel pain. So Chalmers believes that our talk about consciousness will be explained just like any other cognitive process, just like any other bodily process. This is not the same as explaining the conscious feelings themselves, and it leaves open the option that feelings are but an accessory, an evolutionary accident, a by-product of our cognitive life with no direct relevance to our actions ...
This article explains the importance and the necessity of a conceptually new method of rehabilitation of children in reduced state of consciousness after severe brain injury. During the period from 2014 to 2015 29 children in a reduced state of consciousness have been treated in the Clinical and Research Institute of Urgent Pediatric Surgery and Trauma. 14 children ages 7 to 17 have been passed neurorehabilitation course in an approach of clinical anthropocentrism. Using comparative method the authors present the results of the recovery process of working with children in reduced state of consciousness, with the use of clinical and anthropocentric approach and standard comprehensive rehabilitation. The results of the two groups of patients were evaluated on the parameters: 1. Level of consciousness - GCS, Scale of Dobrokhotova-Zaitsev, Scale communicative activity (SCABLn). 2. Motor opportunities - The scale of the Committee for Medical Research (for R.Van der Ploeg, 1984), Scale of spasticity ...
It is not difficult for human being to realize that the older a child is the higher his level of consciousness is. That is because childs level of consciousness generally is beneath the one of the adults. Once a person becomes 18 years, it will be difficult for others to determine his consciousness level.. Drugs and alcohol affect the mind access to the knowledge, which an individual has. By using those kinds of stuffs the access time to the knowledge becomes also slower. Those stuffs might be a fast way to decrease your consciousness level temporarily. A conscious living being is aware of his existence, but that could be different by animals. Conscious feeling grows gradually by learning and that growth has no limits. Every unit of knowledge contributes to our consciousness.. I saw once how a fabric produced chickens. It was very impressive, because the chickens from the moment that they come out from the egg had a planned life until they were ready for production. The question is, do chickens ...
So humans seem to have this subjective state of being we call consciousness. What about other animals, insects, or creatures we see around Earth? Are they conscious? Can they perceive?. Many think so, for the right reasons. The result of these contemplations has led many to believe that consciousness is one. When they say this, they mean that feeling of perceiving, this ability to perceive, is all connected, in that we as humans can see each other, bats can use sound waves to know were here, snakes can sense our warmth, and they can sense each other, to an extent. We may perceive it differently, but we all perceive something, and this state of perception is what we call consciousness. This is a common philosophical view of consciousness in that all sentient beings can perceive, and therefore consciousness is connected, its one.. While this is one plausible view, I had the opposite realization - while it is all connected in the sense mentioned above, its infinitely separated. As humans ...
In his Light Body Consciousness courses, (LB941-LB945) DaBen leads you to experience states of consciousness that have been called awakened where you leave behind time and space, entering into the Allness of the present moment. You will explore many states of consciousness where you can directly experience the Self that you are beyond your three-dimensional self. You gain an increasing awareness of a greater You and the Immense Space that you have consciousness in. With this awareness you can change what you experience and draw to you in your daily life. These are truly transformative courses that will change how you perceive the world, yourself, other people, and reality itself. Most people have described their experiences of light and energy, of expanded realizations and new senses as priceless, practical, and a gift of consciousness from Source they are deeply grateful to have realized.. The five levels teach you invaluable skills for moving into higher dimensions and states of ...
It is the abrupt quality of how the process of altering of state of consciousness occurs (which often goes hand by hand with the phenomenon of discontinuous memory [Spivak, 1988]) that allowed C. T. Tart to speak about the discreteness of states of consciousness (and, hence, the introduction of the term discrete state of consciousness [Tart, 1975]). For example, the state of dreaming is such a discrete state in which one tends to be unaware of the dreaming quality of experience. However, as V. V. Nalimov (1982) has pointed out in his theoretical research, any discreteness (discontinuity) dialectically involves continuity; and when the state of dreaming is integrated into the continuum of consciousness the subject gets access to lucid dreaming in which he or she becomes aware that he sleeps and witnesses a dream (Wilber, 2000; LaBerge, 1985). It seems that this supports the J. A. Hobsons proposal that, according to his neurophysiological states of consciousness model, lucid dreaming ...
The mind-body problem has been in the news lately. A couple of weeks ago, Time magazine had a special issue on mind and brain, with a lead story by Steven Pinker on the mystery of consciousness, along with brief sidebar articles on consciousness by Bernard Baars, Dan Dennett, Antonio Damasio, Michael Gazzaniga, Colin McGinn. Now the New Yorker has just published a long article by Larissa MacFarquhar on Pat and Paul Churchland (not online, unfortunately), with a lot of nice biographical and sociological background and some philosophical discussion along the way. I talked to Larissa for this article a year or two ago, when it was a general article on the problem of consciousness, and a fair amount of philosophical background on consciousness has survived into the final version.
This new way of thinking about consciousness has been spreading throughout the physics community at an exponential rate within the past few years. Considering consciousness as an actual state of matter would be huge, considering the fact that modern day definitions of matter require a substance to have mass, which consciousness does not have. What it does have, however, is some sort of effect on our physical material world, and the extent of this effect and how far it goes is the next step for science.. The quantum double slit experiment is a very popular experiment used to examine how consciousness and our physical material world are intertwined. It is a great example that documents how factors associated with consciousness and our physical material world are connected in some way.. One potential revelation of this experience is that,. ...
Otto Warmbier, the former North Korean detainee returned to the US, died at 2:20 pm, his parents reported Monday. He had suffered severe brain damage while in detention, doctors said.
The general thesis of this paper is that drug experience can be understood only if it is viewed as an altered state of consciousness rather than as a pharmacological event. A subthesis is that this approach will make it possible for society to reduce significantly the problems now associated with the use of psychoactive drugs. All of us experience occasional states of consciousness different from our ordinary waking state. Obviously, sleep is such a state. Less obviously, perhaps, are daydreaming and movie watching unusual modes of awareness. Other distinct varieties of conscious states are trance, hypnosis, psychosis, general anesthesia, delirium, meditation, and mystic rapture. In our country, until recently, there has been no serious investigation of altered states of consciousness as such, because most Western scientists who study the mind regard consciousness as annoyingly nonmaterial and, therefore, inaccessible to direct investigation. Their research has focused on the objective ...
The nature of consciousness remains deeply mysterious and profoundly important, with existential, medical and spiritual implication. We know what it is like to be conscious - to have awareness, a conscious mind, but who, or what, are we who know such things? How is the subjective nature of phenomenal experience - our inner life - to be explained in scientific terms? What consciousness actually is, and how it comes about remain unknown. The general assumption in modern science and philosophy - the standard model - is that consciousness emerges from complex computation among brain neurons, computation whose currency is seen as neuronal firings (spikes) and synaptic transmissions, equated with binary bits in digital computing. Consciousness is presumed to emerge from complex neuronal computation, and to have arisen during biological evolution as an adaptation of living systems, extrinsic to the makeup of the universe. On the other hand, spiritual and contemplative traditions, and some ...
Using sophisticated imaging equipment they have constructed a 3-D movie of the brain as it changes while an anaesthetic drug takes effect.. Brian Pollard, Professor of Anaesthesia at Manchester Medical School, will tell the European Anaesthesiology Congress in Amsterdam today (Saturday) that the real-time 3-D images seemed to show that losing consciousness involves a change in electrical activity deep within the brain, changing the activity of certain groups of nerve cells (neurons) and hindering communication between different parts of the brain.. He said the findings appear to support a hypothesis put forward by Professor Susan Greenfield, of the University of Oxford, about the nature of consciousness itself. Prof Greenfield suggests consciousness is formed by different groups of brain cells (neural assemblies), which work efficiently together, or not, depending on the available sensory stimulations, and that consciousness is not an all-or-none state but more like a dimmer switch, changing ...
In this interdisciplinary program, we will focus on advanced topics in consciousness studies and the psychology of dreams. Well explore consciousness by examining dreams and personal belief systems using both scientific research and first-person experience. Well explore dynamics of the psyche by examining the following questions. What is the psyche, what is consciousness, and what are their properties and dynamics? Are there different types of consciousness? What is the relationship between unconscious and conscious mental processes?
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From the PEAR website: The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR) program, which flourished for nearly three decades under the aegis of Princeton Universitys School of Engineering and Applied Science, has completed its experimental agenda of studying the interaction of human consciousness with sensitive physical devices, systems, and processes, and developing complementary theoretical models to enable better understanding of the role of consciousness in the establishment of physical reality. Since the closing of the program, recent efforts have moved to a new organization, the International Consciousness Research Laboratories, or ICRL. ICRL promotes, encourages, and advances the study, research and dissemination of knowledge related to the broad field of human consciousness, including recognition of the role of anomalous phenomena for understanding the human mind and acknowledgement of subjectivity as a critical ingredient in any comprehensive model of physical reality. Click ...
A difficult problem for interdisciplinary study is deciding what constructs from other fields will comport well with the concerns of ones own academic area. Consciousness is a crucial concept for any discipline concerned with human behavior, but is particularly problematic for human communication scholars since it is not a primitive concept for speech communication. This essay advocates choosing a conception of consciousness that reflects the active role of language in shaping human consciousness and is presented in the theories of Vygotsky and Luria. The author suggests that such a perspective would be more practical and heuristic for communication studies than others currently being advanced since assessments of linguistic competency could then be used to investigate human consciousness ...
A professor at Caltech, Christof Koch helped popularize consciousness as a topic for serious scientific investigation-instead of windy philosophical supposition-through his collaboration with the great Francis Crick, who had already cracked the genetic code and now wanted to solve the riddle of mind as well. In 1994 Koch outlined a theory, jointly fashioned by him and Crick, that 40-hertz brain waves might be a key to consciousness. Although I was skeptical of that particular theory, I liked the hard-nosed, materialist, reductionist approach that Koch and Crick took toward consciousness. I also liked the quirky intensity that Koch brought to his scientific work.. Koch, who since then has been my go-to source on neuroscience, is still chasing the white whale of consciousness …. ...
The template below (Disorders of consciousness) is being considered for merging. See templates for discussion to help reach a ... the irreversible loss of the capacity for consciousness and for spontaneous breathing, and the essentially unchanged 1976 tests ...
For musculo-skeletal disorders[edit]. The main categories of drugs for musculoskeletal disorders are: NSAIDs (including COX-2 ... For consciousness (anesthetic drugs) See also: Anesthetic. Some anesthetics include Benzodiazepines and Barbiturates. ... For allergic disorders[edit]. anti-allergics, antihistamines, NSAIDs, Corticosteroids For nutrition[edit]. Tonics, electrolytes ... For neoplastic disorders[edit]. cytotoxic drugs, therapeutic antibodies, sex hormones, aromatase inhibitors, somatostatin ...
... is split off from the rest of their consciousness, resulting in paralysis or numbness in that leg. ... ICD-10 classifies conversion disorder as a dissociative disorder[1] while DSM-IV classifies it as a somatoform disorder. ... Conversion disorder (CD), or functional neurologic symptom disorder, is a diagnostic category used in some psychiatric ... Conversion disorder was retained in DSM-5, but given the subtitle functional neurological symptom disorder. The new criteria ...
... psychiatric disorders including depression and schizophrenia; and the brain processes underlying consciousness. These studies ... 131-167 in Frontiers of Consciousness, eds. L.Weiskrantz and M.Davies. Oxford University Press: Oxford. Rolls, E.T., Loh, M., ... Rolls, E.T. (2008). Emotion, higher order syntactic thoughts, and consciousness. Chapter 4, pp. ... and of treating its disorders. He has published more than 620 full length research papers[1,2] on these topics, which are shown ...
Autonoetic consciousness Elliott, Rebecca (March 2003). "Executive functions and their disorders". British Medical Bulletin. 65 ... Disorders affecting children such as ADHD, along with oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, high functioning autism ... Disorders affecting children such as ADHD, along with oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, high functioning autism ... psychotic disorders, affective disorders, and conduct disorders, as well as neurodegenerative diseases and acquired brain ...
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie; Laureys, Steven; Demertzi, Athena (2013). "Coma and disorders of consciousness". Ethical and Legal Issues ... Bruno, Marie-Aurélie; Laureys, Steven; Demertzi, Athena (2013). "Coma and disorders of consciousness". Ethical and Legal Issues ... Fins, Joseph J. (2011). "Neuroethics, Neuroimaging, and Disorders of Consciousness: Promise or Peril?". Transactions of the ... Fins, Joseph J. (2011). "Neuroethics, Neuroimaging, and Disorders of Consciousness: Promise or Peril?". Transactions of the ...
In the Memory, Consciousness, and Temporality Theory, confabulation occurs because of a deficit in temporal consciousness or ... Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is a neurological disorder typically characterized by years of alcohol use disorder characterized ... "Dissociation And Confabulation In Narcissistic Disorders". Journal of Addiction & Addictive Disorders. doi:10.24966/AAD-7276/ ... People with personality disorders and narcissistic traits confabulate in order to preserve their false self-image and distorted ...
Some persons have a disorder of consciousness (DOC). This state is defined to include persons with coma, as well as persons in ... "On ERPs detection in disorders of consciousness rehabilitation". Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7: 775. doi:10.3389/fnhum. ... "Brain connectivity in disorders of consciousness". Brain Connectivity. 2 (1): 1-10. doi:10.1089/brain.2011.0049. PMID 22512333 ... "Brain-computer interfacing in disorders of consciousness". Brain Injury. 26 (12): 1510-22. doi:10.3109/02699052.2012.698362. ...
Disorders of consciousness affect a significant number of people who suffer severe TBI; of those with severe TBI discharged ... Giacino JT (2005). "Rehabilitation for patients with disorders of consciousness". In High WM, Sander AM, Struchen MA, Hart KA ( ... TBI appears to predispose a person to psychiatric disorders including obsessive compulsive disorder, alcohol or substance abuse ... In this disorder, called dysarthria, the patient can think of the appropriate language, but cannot easily speak the words ...
... such as anxiety disorders, clinical depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, schizoid personality disorder, hypothyroidism ... ISBN 978-1-60913-971-1. Louis A. Sass; Josef Parnas (2003). "Schizophrenia, Consciousness, and the Self". Schizophrenia ... or endocrine disorders, schizotypal personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, ... Depersonalization is a symptom of anxiety disorders, such as panic disorder. It can also accompany sleep deprivation (often ...
Impaired consciousness and esophageal disorders can cause deglutition. Acute Aspiration of Gastric Content (Mendelson Syndrome ... Jul 1991). "Agricultural disorders of the lung". Radiographics. 11 (4): 625-34. doi:10.1148/radiographics.11.4.1887117. PMID ... Gastro-esophageal reflux and chronic aspiration are associated with few pulmonary disorders: asthma, chronic cough, ... is a chronic disorder common among older people who have difficulty swallowing, with aspiration of oily material - mineral oil ...
Disorders of consciousness". Neurology. 91 (10): 450-460. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000005926. ISSN 0028-3878. PMC 6139814. PMID ... "Natural history of recovery from brain injury after prolonged disorders of consciousness: outcome of patients admitted to ...
... externalizing disorders, autism); Computational models of cognitive processes; Mindfulness meditation; Consciousness; ... Among numerous other volumes, Zelazo co-edited the Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness, and Developmental Social Cognitive ... Zelazo, P. D., Moscovitch, M., & Thompson, E. (Eds.) (2007). Cambridge handbook of consciousness. New York: Cambridge ... "Levels of Consciousness", the notion that conscious control develops through a series of levels characterized by greater ...
Posttraumatic stress disorder Social anxiety Depression Bipolar disorder Posttraumatic stress disorder often proceeds from ... Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp1375-1381. Hales, S. A., Deeprose, C., Goodwin, G. M., and Holmes, E. A. (2011 ... Prospective mental imagery in patients with major depressive disorder or anxiety disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Vol. ... Cognitions in bipolar disorder versus unipolar depression: Imagining suicide. Bipolar Disorders, Vol. 13, Nos. 7-8, pp651-661. ...
"Willful modulation of brain activity in disorders of consciousness". N Engl J Med. 362 (7): 579-89. doi:10.1056/nejmoa0905370. ... hydrocephalus and prolonged disorders of consciousness through functional brain imaging, studies of pathophysiology and new ... "The Impaired Consciousness Research Group". Wolfson Brain Imaging Centre. Retrieved 10 January 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged ... Pickard established and chairs the Impaired Consciousness Research Group in Cambridge, which demonstrated that functional ...
U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Brain basics: genes at work in the brain. Date last modified: ... ISBN 978-0-9561812-0-6. Penrose, R., Hameroff, S. R., Kak, S., & Tao, L. (2011). Consciousness and the universe: Quantum ... The understanding of the biological basis of learning, memory, behavior, perception, and consciousness has been described by ... Nanoparticles in medicine are versatile in treating neurological disorders showing promising results in mediating drug ...
The shinbyeong is dissociated from reality and enters a higher form of consciousness. Mu (shaman) Muism Kim 1998, pp. 41-42 Kim ... In the fourth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), published by the American ... "god in some form exists in human consciousness." It is a form of revelation that causes the shaman to become one with god and, ... Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Washington, D.C. DSM-IV. Kim 1998, pp. 52-53 Kim, Tae-kon (1998 ...
Owen, Adrian M; Coleman, Martin R (2007). "Functional MRI in disorders of consciousness: advantages and limitations". Current ... Owen, AM; Coleman, MR (2008). "Using neuroimaging to detect awareness in disorders of consciousness". Functional Neurology. 23 ... "Willful Modulation of Brain Activity in Disorders of Consciousness". New England Journal of Medicine. 362 (7): 579-89. doi: ... Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and ADHD, among others. His post-doctoral research on working memory with Michael Petrides, (PNAS ...
... rhythmic or twitching motions Falling down Loss of consciousness Confusion after returning to consciousness Loss of bladder ... Physiological causes include fainting, sleep disorders, and heart arrhythmias. Psychological causes are known as psychogenic ... Symptoms may include shaking, loss of consciousness, and loss of bladder control. They may or may not be caused by either ...
This concept is used in their book Law and Disorder in the Postcolony (2006) in an analytical sense. In their book, Of ... Comaroff, J. & Comaroff J. (1991). Of Revelation and Revolution Volume 1: Christianity, Colonialism, and Consciousness in South ... Comaroff, J., & Comaroff, J. (2006). Law and Disorder in the Postcolony. Illinois, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ...
Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6(11-12), 19-40. "Jana Iverson, Ph.D. , Psychology , University of Pittsburgh". psychology. ... Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48(1), 55-71. Iverson, J. M., & Thelen, E. (1999). Hand, mouth and brain. The ... She has worked with various populations including children at high risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), blind individuals, ... The dynamic emergence of speech and gesture". Journal of Consciousness Studies. 6: 19-40.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors ...
In one study with 10 patients with disorders of consciousness (7 in VS, 3 in MCS), tDCS was applied for 20 minutes every day ... MCS is a relatively new category of disorders of consciousness. The natural history and longer term outcome of MCS have not yet ... One of the more common diagnostic errors involving disorders of consciousness is mistaking MCS for VS which may lead to serious ... Thibaut A, Bruno MA, Ledoux D, Demertzi A, Laureys S (2014). "tDCS in patients with disorders of consciousness: sham-controlled ...
... attention and arousal Blumenfeld hopes to restore normal consciousness to patients with epilepsy and other brain disorders. ... He is an expert on brain mechanisms of consciousness and on altered consciousness in epilepsy. As director of the Yale Clinical ... The main goal of Blumenfeld's career has been to understand the processes of diminished consciousness in seizures, enable ... His laboratory explores the brain when consciousness is impaired by epileptic seizures using advanced brain imaging methods, ...
Consciousness studies. *Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Hidden categories: *Articles with short description ... Baars, Bernard J. (1997). In the Theater of Consciousness. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-510265-9. . ... In addition to neural models, computational models of consciousness based on Bernard Baars' Global Workspace theory[32][page ... "In Banks, William P. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Consciousness. 2 (1st ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier. OCLC 656164369 - via Credo.. ...
The view that the heart was the source of consciousness was not challenged until the time of the Greek physician Hippocrates. ... The scientific study of the biological mechanisms that underlie the disorders and diseases of the nervous system. ... Psychiatry focuses on affective, behavioral, cognitive, and perceptual disorders. Anesthesiology focuses on perception of pain ... Penrose, R., Hameroff, S. R., Kak, S., & Tao, L. (2011). Consciousness and the universe: Quantum physics, evolution, brain & ...
Berti, Anna (1 January 2004). "Cognition in Dyschiria: Edoardo Bisiach's Theory of Spatial Disorders and Consciousness". Cortex ... Similar to other disorders related to hysteria, the movement of limbs is more impaired as the movement itself is more under ... Despite the spatial disorder, the patient's sensory acuity is not necessarily affected. He/she might be able to effectively ... Achiria, also referred to as "Simple Allochiria", is a neurological disorder in which a patient is unable to recognise or ...
Cultures of Solidarity: Consciousness, Action, & Contemporary American Workers 1992 - Sidney Tarrow. Democracy & Disorder: ...
A persistent vegetative state (PVS) is a disorder of consciousness in which patients with severe brain damage are in a state of ... Endocrine disorders such as adrenal insufficiency and thyroid disorders. *Degenerative and metabolic diseases including urea ... Royal College of Physicians 2013 Prolonged Disorders of Consciousness: National Clinical Guidelines ... Willful Modulation of Brain Activity in Disorders of Consciousness at nejm.org ...
... and coma or other disorders of consciousness. Physical symptoms include headaches that worsen or do not go away, vomiting or ... neurological illness or disorders surgery Substance use disorder neurotoxins- pollution exposure or biological exposure ( ... from a genetic disorder, or from a congenital disorder. Primary and secondary brain injuries identify the processes involved, ... Apraxia is a motor disorder caused by damage to the brain, and may be more common in those who have been left brain damaged, ...
Severe disorders of the consciousness start to develop after about a day. Although Ivermectin is a common treatment for loiasis ...
Consciousness[edit]. One of the ultimate goals of psychology/neuroscience is to be able to explain the everyday experience of ... "A framework for consciousness". Nat. Neurosci. 6 (2): 119-26. doi:10.1038/nn0203-119. PMID 12555104 ... and Christof Koch made some attempts to formulate a consistent framework for future work in neural correlates of consciousness ...
Nieto-Martínez, R; González-Rivas, JP; Medina-Inojosa, JR; Florez, H (22 November 2017). "Are Eating Disorders Risk Factors for ... a condition of very high blood sugar associated with a decreased level of consciousness and low blood pressure).[13] ... Eating disorders may also interact with type 2 diabetes, with bulimia nervosa increasing the risk and anorexia nervosa ... "Chapter 13: Endocrine Disorders". In Lee M (ed.). Basic Skills in Interpreting Laboratory Data (5th ed.). Bethesda, MD: ...
Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, hip and lower ... Neurological (consciousness, awareness, brain, vision, cranial nerves, spinal cord and peripheral nerves) ... Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical & surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, ... Sexual medicine is concerned with diagnosing, assessing and treating all disorders related to sexuality. ...
... or an altered state of consciousness, and in children changes to the diameter of the skull and bulging of the fontanelles. More ... spatial orientation disorders), personality or emotional changes, hemiparesis, hypoesthesia, aphasia, ataxia, visual field ...
Sleep disorder where breathing starts/stops, a lot of times the person will snore. More common. Less common. Progressive. CPAP ... Some patients experience stimulus-induced drop attacks (SIDAs, temporary paralytic episodes without loss of consciousness), ... Coffin-Lowry syndrome is a genetic disorder that is X-linked dominant and which causes severe mental problems sometimes ... A condition is considered X-linked if the gene that causes the disorder is located on the X chromosome (one of the two sex ...
These made world headlines[192] and marked the beginning of domestic and international consciousness of the famine.[309] The ... In several ways, then, the political and social disorder and distrust that were the effects and aftereffects of rebellion and ...
Consciousness is an integral part of the hypercognitive system. The very process of setting mental goals, planning their ... The aim is to explain the order and systematicity that exist beneath a surface of apparent disorder or "chaos". ...
... "eschews disorder".[81] In Wat Phra Dhammakaya, ceremonies are commonly held on Sundays rather than the traditional lunar ...
Definitions and Classification of Tic Disorders.. Retrieved 19 August 2006.. *^ Zinner, S.H. (2000). "Tourette disorder". ... "Journal of Consciousness Studies. 9 (11): 2-29.. *^ William James (1896). "The dilemma of determinism". The Will to believe, ... Does Consciousness Cause Behavior?. MIT Press. pp. 119-21. ISBN 0262512572.. *^ Wegner D., 2002. The Illusion of Conscious Will ... Gregg D Caruso (2012). Free Will and Consciousness: A Determinist Account of the Illusion of Free Will. Lexington Books. p. 8. ...
Experimentally induced disorders. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations ... Fox, Michael W. (2007). Dog Body, Dog Mind: Exploring Canine Consciousness and Total Well-Being. Globe Pequot. p. 26. ISBN 978- ... The physiology of micturition and the physiologic basis of its disorders are subjects about which there is much confusion, ...
Soeta S, Mori R, Kodaka T, Naito Y, Taniguchi K (March 2000). "Histological disorders related to the focal disappearance of the ... Soeta S, Mori R, Kodaka T, Naito Y, Taniguchi K (March 1999). "Immunohistochemical observations on the initial disorders of the ...
Medical disordersEdit. AutismEdit. Music has played an important role in the research of dealing with autism, mainly in ... method to the field of music therapy by using music as the means of guiding the patient to a higher state of consciousness ... such as mood/anxiety disorders and eating disorders, or inappropriate behaviors, including suicide attempts, withdrawal from ... Crowe, Barbara J. (2007). Music Therapy for Children, Adolescents and Adults with Mental Disorders. Silver Spring, MD: American ...
"From disorder to order in marching locusts" (PDF). Science. 312 (5778): 1402-1406. Bibcode:2006Sci...312.1402B. doi:10.1126/ ... Animal consciousness. *Animal language. *Cognitive bias in animals. *Cognitive ethology. *Comparative cognition ...
"Left-Wing" Communism: An Infantile Disorder, published by the Executive Committee of the Communist International for delegates ... Class consciousness. *Class struggle. *Commodity fetishism. *Communist society. *Cultural hegemony. *Dictatorship of the ...
... (Sanskrit: योग निद्रा) or yogic sleep) is a state of consciousness between waking and sleeping, like the "going-to- ... It has been used to help soldiers from war cope with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).[2] ... This state of consciousness (yoga nidra) is different from meditation in which concentration on a single focus is required. In ... The yogic goal of both paths, deep relaxation (yoga nidra) and meditation are the same, a state of meditative consciousness ...
Colonial consciousness and exhibitions[edit]. Colonial lobby[edit]. Pygmies and a European. Some pygmies would be exposed in ... In the disorder that followed the 1889 death of Emperor Yohannes IV, Gen. Oreste Baratieri occupied the highlands along the ... 4.1 Colonial consciousness and exhibitions *4.1.1 Colonial lobby. *4.1.2 Colonial propaganda and jingoism *4.1.2.1 Colonial ...
Her school diagnosed her with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and she was expelled from the seventh grade.[6][7] In high ... and during the war-from inside one young man's consciousness." ...
Collective consciousness. *Consciousness after death. *Disorders of consciousness. *Dual consciousness. *Experience. * ... In chapter 5 of Consciousness Explained Dennett describes his multiple drafts model of consciousness. He states that, "all ... Consciousness Explained (Back Bay Books 1992) (. ISBN 0-316-18066-1). *Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of ... Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles to a Science of Consciousness (MIT Press 2005) (. ISBN 0-262-04225-8) ...
Fond G, Macgregor A, Leboyer M, Michalsen A (2013). "Fasting in mood disorders: neurobiology and effectiveness. A review of the ... good deeds and God-consciousness). This purification of body and soul harmonizes the inner and outer spheres of an individual. ...
"Disorders of the nervous system: a primer. Dartmouth Medical School. Retrieved 2012-01-06.. ... If loss of consciousness occurs in this situation, it is termed syncope. ...
"The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders. The Gale Group, Inc. 2005.. Retrieved on 2007-04-13 from Answers.com. ... Continued oxygen deprivation results in fainting, long-term loss of consciousness, coma, seizures, cessation of brain stem ... National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (2018-03-08). "Cerebral Hypoxia Information Page". U.S. National ...
Lamellar corpuscles, or Pacinian corpuscles, are pressure receptors located in the skin and also in various internal organs. Each is connected to a sensory neuron. Because of its relatively large size, a single lamellar corpuscle can be isolated and its properties studied. Mechanical pressure of varying strength and frequency can be applied to the corpuscle by stylus, and the resulting electrical activity detected by electrodes attached to the preparation. Deforming the corpuscle creates a generator potential in the sensory neuron arising within it. This is a graded response: the greater the deformation, the greater the generator potential. If the generator potential reaches threshold, a volley of action potentials (nerve impulses) are triggered at the first node of Ranvier of the sensory neuron. Once threshold is reached, the magnitude of the stimulus is encoded in the frequency of impulses generated in the neuron. So the more massive or rapid the deformation of a single corpuscle, the higher ...
8-13% of all strokes and results from a wide spectrum of disorders. It is more likely to result in death or major disability ... decreased level of consciousness, gaze paresis, ocular bobbing, miosis, or autonomic instability Cerebellum - Ataxia, usually ... or cardiac arrhythmias Nuchal rigidity Subhyaloid retinal hemorrhages Altered level of consciousness Anisocoria, Nystagmus ... or decreased level of consciousness Hypertension Arteriovenous malformation Aneurysm rupture Cerebral amyloid angiopathy ...
She is the female counterpart without whom the male aspect, which represents consciousness or discrimination, remains impotent ... the prevalence of anorexia and other eating disorders in Western countries has frequently been blamed on the modern feminine ...
Murphy DM, Fishman AP (2008). "Chapter 53". Fishman's Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders (4th ed.). McGraw-Hill. p. 913. ISBN 978 ... 2 levels and a decreased level of consciousness.[168] Corticosteroids by mouth improve the chance of recovery and decrease the ... In Fishman A, Elias J, Fishman J, Grippi M, Senior R, Pack A (eds.). Fishman's Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders (4th ed.). ... Inamdar AC, Inamdar AA (October 2013). "Mesenchymal stem cell therapy in lung disorders: pathogenesis of lung diseases and ...
"Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (780.53-0)". The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (PDF). Westchester, Illinois ... The normal sleep/wake cycle in adults is divided into REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, non-REM (NREM) sleep, and consciousness. ... This can be caused by drugs or alcohol, or it can be caused by neurological problems or other disorders. Some people have more ... Edwards, Natalie; Sullivan, Colin E. (2008). "Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Pregnancy". Sleep Medicine Clinics. 3: 81-95. doi: ...
... or an unpredictable changing levels of consciousness. Schizophrenia occurs along with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a ... Berrios G.E.; Porter, Roy (1995). A history of clinical psychiatry: the origin and history of psychiatric disorders. London: ... People with this disorder often do not behave the way most people do towards others. They also may not know what is real (this ... People with schizophrenia may also have other mental health disorders, like depression, anxiety and drug abuse.[5] They often ...
Among these virus-related disorders are the common cold, hepatitis, influenza and influenza-like illness, as well as herpes. ... The problem is prevalent once the phenotypic elements of the disorder appear, although it is unknown how far in advance the ... "The Olfactory System and Its Disorders". Seminars in Neurology. 29 (1): 074-081. doi:10.1055/s-0028-1124025. PMID 19214935 ...
a b c Cochran, Susan; Sullivan, J; Mays, Vickie (February 2003). "Prevalence of Mental Disorders, Psychological Distress, and ... Lesbian consciousness became more visible in Nicaragua in 1986, when the Sandinista National Liberation Front expelled gay men ... Anxiety disorders and depression are the most common mental health issues for women. Depression is reported among lesbians at a ... The work of Krafft-Ebing and Ellis was widely read, and helped to create public consciousness of female homosexuality.[note 2] ...
Disorders of consciousness. Definition. Disorders of consciousness refer to medical conditions that impair the individuals ... Disorders of consciousness: Functional connectivity could be a prognostic neuroimaging marker for recovery from coma Nature ... Disorders of consciousness: Diagnostic accuracy of brain imaging in the vegetative state Differential diagnosis in the ... A committee has developed a guideline on prolonged disorders of consciousness. Caution in prognostication is advocated because ...
... not a disorder of consciousness, but because paralysis of limbs and facial muscles is unable to speak and/or appears to be ... Disorders of consciousness include coma (cannot be aroused, eye remain closed), vegetative state (can appear to be awake, but ... Background: Most patients who survive injury to the brain regain consciousness but may develop a disorder of consciousness. ... Outcomes: Trauma-related disorders have better outcomes among patients with disorders of consciousness. Patients in minimally ...
"This is an up-to-date, comprehensive review of research into disorders of consciousness. … The authors employ a good evidence- ... For over 10 years now, the Coma Science Group has been working on the scientific exploration of disorders of consciousness, ... Using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Measure Cerebral Connectivity in Patients with Disorders of Consciousness ... regardless of whether they are already familiar with the difficult but exciting field of disorders of consciousness. ...
Covert Awareness: Into and Out of the Gray Zone of Consciousness. Few consciousness disorder patients recover as fully from the ...
Self-consciousness is key to understanding how the mind of someone with social phobia works. They can become so preoccupied ... Self-consciousness leaves little space for picking up the cues of say a disappointed expression when someone tries to ... So the question is, what is going on in the mind of this self-consciousness individual? Invariably they will be clustered ... One of the issues I pointed to was self-consciousness and its this Im about to explore further. ...
Consciousness: States, Mechanisms and Disorders. Andrea Eugenio Cavanna, MD, PhD (Editor). Department of Neuropsychiatry, ... Considerations in disorders of consciousness and interventions that can restore brain function. (Ralf P. Clauss,Royal Surrey ... Home / Shop / Books / Social Sciences / Social and Behavioral Sciences / Consciousness: States, Mechanisms and Disorders. ... Chapter 6. Autonoetic consciousness and the self;pp.. (Hans J. Markowitsch, Angelica Staniloiu,University of Bielefeld, Germany ...
This revised and expanded second edition discusses the assessment and treatment of patients recovering from coma and disorders ... of consciousness. Besides diagnostic, prognostic and ethical issues, this ... Coma and Disorders of Consciousness, Second Edition is a comprehensive review of the field for clinicians and researchers, ... Electrophysiology in Disorders of Consciousness: From Conventional EEG Visual Analysis to Brain-Computer Interfaces ...
Disorders of consciousness are medical conditions that inhibit consciousness. Some define disorders of consciousness as any ... The most important point regarding the classification of disorders of consciousness is, that consciousness cannot be measured ... Disorders in consciousness represent immense social and ethical issues because the diagnosis is methodologically complex and ... Disorders of consciousness: differential diagnosis and neuropathologic features. Semin Neurol 1997; 17:105-11 Laureys S, ...
If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team ...
Objectives: Our aim was to review the occurrence of spasticity in patients with disorders of consciousness and the therapeutic ... Results: The prevalence of spasticity in patients with disorders of consciousness ranged from 59% to 89%. Current treatment ... spasticity is poorly studied in patients with disorders of consciousness although it is one of the most common motor disorders ... little is known regarding its appropriate management in patients presenting disorders of consciousness after brain damage. ...
... Hiroaki Abe,1,2 Keigo Shimoji,3 ... In the last 2 years, our institution provided inpatient care to patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDC) due to ... We investigated the clinical predictors of the degree of recovery in patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDC) ... PDC was assessed using the Kohnan score, which measures the severity of consciousness disorder from a severe, persistent ...
The study of patients with chronic disorders of consciousness may, thus, provide further insights not only at a clinical level ... The study of patients with chronic disorders of consciousness may, thus, provide further insights not only at a clinical level ... in many cases patients are not capable of conscious interactive behavior and are said to suffer from disorders of consciousness ... the brains plastic abilities and the pursuit of the neural correlate of consciousness). ...
Careful clinical examination will result in reclassification of the state of consciousness in some of these patients. This ... Willful modulation of brain activity in disorders of consciousness N Engl J Med. 2010 Feb 18;362(7):579-89. doi: 10.1056/ ... Background: The differential diagnosis of disorders of consciousness is challenging. The rate of misdiagnosis is approximately ... we performed a study involving 54 patients with disorders of consciousness. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI ...
If the complexity of a brains connections is a good measure of consciousness, and if psychedelics increase connectivity, could ... Complexity as a Measure of Consciousness?. Disorders of consciousness typically occur following severe acquired traumatic brain ... The proposal to use psychedelics as a treatment for patients with consciousness disorders is based on the theoretical concept ... From this, it follows that psychedelics might increase brain complexity in patients with consciousness disorders, leading to ...
Peruse the excellent free Medicine essay about Consciousness Disorders now or place an order for a unique paper at ... Accordingly, consciousness is associated with several disorders such as coma, vegetative state, locked-in syndrome, minimal ... Coma is one of the most significant disorders of consciousness. In this state, the patient does not respond to light, painful ... In conclusion, the various disorders of consciousness affect the ability of the patient to engage in verbal communication. The ...
Thalamo-frontal connectivity mediates top-down cognitive functions in disorders of consciousness.. Monti MM1, Rosenberg M2, ... We employed functional MRI (fMRI) to assess whether (1) patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) retain the ability to ... Thalamo-frontal connectivity mediates top-down cognitive functions in disorders of consciousness ... Thalamo-frontal connectivity mediates top-down cognitive functions in disorders of consciousness ...
J. T. Giacino, "Disorders of consciousness: differential diagnosis and neuropathologic features," Seminars in Neurology, vol. ... W. G. Sannita, "Human brain physiology investigated in the disorder of consciousness," Frontiers in Neurology, vol. 5, 2014. ... Care and Neurorehabilitation in the Disorder of Consciousness: A Model in Progress. Giuliano Dolce, Francesco Arcuri, Simone ... G. Dolce, L. F. Lucca, F. Riganello et al., "Advances in the neurorehabilitation of severe disorder of consciousness," Annali ...
... damaged patients is extremely difficult and there is a need for paraclinical diagnostic markers of the level of consciousness. ... Modes and models in disorders of consciousness science Arch Ital Biol. Jun-Sep 2012;150(2-3):172-84. doi: 10.4449/aib. ... We then review the current main theories of consciousness and see how they can apply in this context. Finally, we discuss some ... In order to furnish accurate diagnostic criteria, a mechanistic explanation of how the brain gives rise to consciousness seems ...
Locked-in syndrome in basilar artery thrombosis is a classic example of dissociation between preserved consciousness and ... Diagnosis of the phenomenon of cognitive-motor dissociation in patients with chronic consciousness disorders *V. A. Belkin, ... Whether the identified sign could be used in the comprehensive prediction of chronic consciousness disorder was discussed. ... Diagnosis of this condition in a patient with chronic consciousness disorders indicates that there may be a cognitive imprint, ...
Amantadine + rTMS as a Neurotherapeutic for Disordered Consciousness. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... Remain in a state of disordered consciousness. *Brain injuries will include injury with resulting coup-contre-coup injuries, ... role of DA in mediating consciousness, (d) the commonality between and DA and rTMS-targeted pathways, (e) clinical efficacy and ... relative to rTMS Alone and Amantadine Alone for persons in chronic states of seriously impaired consciousness. The hypothesis ...
The Problems With Fixating on Consciousness in Disorders of Consciousness David Fischer & Robert D. Truog. More ... Cogitas Ergo Es? Metaphysical Humility in Disorders of Consciousness By Douglas C. McAdams, W. Kevin Conley II & G. Kevin ... Differences That Make a Difference in Disorders of Consciousness Joseph J. Fins & Nicholas D. Schiff. More ... Cogitas Ergo Es? Metaphysical Humility in Disorders of Consciousness Douglas C. McAdams, W. Kevin Conley II & G. Kevin Donovan ...
Our brains might be programmed to maximize disorder - and consciousness could simply be a side effect. ... Although consciousness is a crucial part of being human, researchers still dont truly understand where it comes from, and why ... Entropy is basically the term used to describe the progression of a system from order to disorder. Picture an egg: when its ... The quest to understand human consciousness - our ability to be aware of ourselves and our surroundings - has been going on for ...
Neuroanatomic connectivity of the human ascending arousal system critical to consciousness and its disorders.. Edlow BL1, ... Lesions of the ARAS cause coma, the most severe disorder of consciousness. Because of current methodological limitations, ... Neuroanatomic Connectivity of the Human Ascending Arousal System Critical to Consciousness and Its Disorders ... Neuroanatomic Connectivity of the Human Ascending Arousal System Critical to Consciousness and Its Disorders ...
Conference on disorders of consciousness and critical issues in ethics and end-of-life decision-making
. ... Invitation to the press - Conference on disorders of consciousness and critical issues in ethics and end-of-life decision- ... James Bernat, a renowned American expert on disorders of consciousness and end-of-life decision making, will present the ... "Chronic disorders of consciousness: medical and ethical issues" Monday, April 23, from 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Jacques Genest ...
Social Anxiety Disorder Treatment , "Social Anxiety Secrets" Teaches People How to Overcome Self-Consciousness and Inhibition ... Social Anxiety Secrets created by Todd Snyder is a newly updated program that covers an effective social anxiety disorder ... Social Anxiety Secrets program developed by Todd Snyder introduces to people an effective social anxiety disorder treatment ... and detailed instructions on how to overcome their social anxiety disorder quickly and permanently. The program is developed by ...
Chronic Disorders of Consciousness: From Research to Clinical Practice. Rocco Salvatore (Editor). Neurologist and Sexologist, ... Chronic disorders of consciousness comprise a tragic group of conditions for which determining prognosis is a prerequisite for ... Home / Shop / Books / Science and Technology / Life Sciences / Chronic Disorders of Consciousness: From Research to Clinical ... Chapter 5. New Diagnostic Tools and Markers of Recovery in Consciousness Disorders. (Silvia Marino, Placido Bramanti, Marina ...
Implications of fMRI Research in Disorders of Consciousness - Volume 42 Issue 4 - David Mikulis, Charles Weijer, G. Bryan Young ... Illuminating Awareness: Implications of fMRI Research in Disorders of Consciousness. * David Mikulis (a1), Charles Weijer (a2) ... Illuminating Awareness: Implications of fMRI Research in Disorders of Consciousness. * David Mikulis (a1), Charles Weijer (a2) ... Willful modulation of brain activity and communication in disorders of consciousness. N Engl J Med. 2010;362:579-589. ...
Tags: diagnosis vegetative state consciousness disorders of consciousness minimally conscious state Arthur Caplan Joseph Fins ... Ethical Considerations in Diagnosing Disorders of Consciousness MP3. Arthur Caplan, PhD, Director, Center for Bioethics, ...
Sleep has been proposed to indicate preserved residual brain functioning in patients suffering from disorders of consciousness ...
Advancing the Care of Patients with Disorders of Consciousness. What are Disorders of Consciousness (DoC) and how can care be ... and damage can cause a wide range of impairments called Disorders of Consciousness. Impaired consciousness is fluid, which ... The challenge is to better understand the three main disorders of consciousness and diagnose these dynamic states to apply the ... They will explore the various treatment options available, explain how Disorders of Consciousness are treated differently than ...
  • Most patients who survive injury to the brain regain consciousness but may develop a disorder of consciousness. (aapmr.org)
  • Trauma, reduced blood supply or oxygen to the brain, and poisoning are leading causes for disorders of consciousness. (aapmr.org)
  • While this symptom and its management is well-known in patients suffering from stroke, multiple sclerosis or spinal cord lesion, little is known regarding its appropriate management in patients presenting disorders of consciousness after brain damage. (mdpi.com)
  • We investigated the clinical predictors of the degree of recovery in patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDC) caused by traumatic brain injury. (hindawi.com)
  • When widespread loss of cerebral connectivity is brought about as a result of a severe brain injury, in many cases patients are not capable of conscious interactive behavior and are said to suffer from disorders of consciousness (e.g., coma, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome, minimally conscious states). (frontiersin.org)
  • We here review interventional and observational studies performed in severely brain-injured patients with regards to recovery of consciousness. (frontiersin.org)
  • Finally, brain death results in an irreversible disruption of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists here and elsewhere are busy studying how psychedelics affect the brain and conducting human clinical trials testing their efficacy as treatments for everything from treatment-resistant depression to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (dana.org)
  • Disorders of consciousness typically occur following severe acquired traumatic brain injury that disrupts the brain systems involved in arousal and conscious awareness. (dana.org)
  • The proposal to use psychedelics as a treatment for patients with consciousness disorders is based on the theoretical concept of brain complexity . (dana.org)
  • Some theorists link measures of brain complexity to levels of conscious awareness , and predict that complexity should be at high levels during the normal waking state, and lower in states in which consciousness is lost. (dana.org)
  • From this, it follows that psychedelics might increase brain complexity in patients with consciousness disorders, leading to heightened levels of conscious awareness. (dana.org)
  • The third vital disorder is brain death. (essaysexperts.com)
  • The clinical assessment of non-communicative brain damaged patients is extremely difficult and there is a need for paraclinical diagnostic markers of the level of consciousness. (nih.gov)
  • Passive neuroimaging paradigms investigate spontaneous brain activity and brain responses to external stimuli and aim at identifying neural correlates of consciousness. (nih.gov)
  • In order to furnish accurate diagnostic criteria, a mechanistic explanation of how the brain gives rise to consciousness seems desirable. (nih.gov)
  • Diagnosis of this condition in a patient with chronic consciousness disorders indicates that there may be a cognitive imprint, which gives a chance for the maximum realization of the rehabilitation potential of latent consciousness as an exit to the clinical level of small consciousness or creation of a brain-interface. (doaj.org)
  • In other words, what if consciousness is a side effect of our brain moving towards a state of entropy? (businessinsider.com)
  • The brain is one of the most complex organs in the body, and damage can cause a wide range of impairments called Disorders of Consciousness. (riskandinsurance.com)
  • They will explore the various treatment options available, explain how Disorders of Consciousness are treated differently than other types of brain injuries, and discuss the importance of educating and supporting injured workers and their families to cope with these devastating injuries. (riskandinsurance.com)
  • Some patients following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury will present with profound and prolonged consciousness impairment. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Their rehabilitation needs might differ from other patient groups and usually require treatments to enhance consciousness along with other forms of treatment and therapy used in traumatic brain injury neurorehabilitation. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Although patients with disorders of consciousness demonstrate damage in various areas of the brain the corticothalamic network activation deficits are common to these patients. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Altered consciousness results from moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, relates to changes in a person's state of consciousness, awareness or responsiveness. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Therefore, it was clear that Matt had sustained severe brain damage that was causing severely impaired consciousness-i.e., coma. (dana.org)
  • She was concerned with assessing the function of the parts of the brain that are responsible for consciousness so that she could determine if Matt was aware of anything and if he was capable of suffering. (dana.org)
  • These billions of neurons make trillions of connections via axons in the white matter, constituting functional neural networks that support all conscious effort of the brain, as well as many functions of the brain that do not require consciousness. (dana.org)
  • Severe traumatic brain injury impairs arousal and awareness, the two components of consciousness. (frontiersin.org)
  • Patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience a period of impaired consciousness characterized by disturbances in arousal and awareness. (frontiersin.org)
  • Some Girls, Some Hats and Hitler is to a educate a Current download Brain Function and Responsiveness in Disorders of Consciousness of the best and worst of the file of Hitler. (mskeeper.org)
  • The NFCRC is the download Brain Function and Responsiveness in Disorders of total overview j accommodations for delving Reasons, stories, advancements, localities, grants, and lively humans, and unfolds skin steel conferences to be account guest, loosing, and integrated amount for a first life ice. (mskeeper.org)
  • Secondary brain ischemia may affect the RAS or both cerebral hemispheres, impairing consciousness. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Large-scale brain simulation and disorders of consciousness. (diva-portal.org)
  • In this paper we investigate the plausibility of simulation technologies for emulation of consciousness and the potential clinical impact of large-scale brain simulation on the assessment and care of disorders of consciousness (DOCs), e.g. (diva-portal.org)
  • Evaluating brain function in patients with disorders of consciousness may offer important clues to their state of awareness and help to predict prognosis. (mdedge.com)
  • These disorders typically stem from acute brain insults caused by hypoxic-ischemic neural injury or traumatic brain injury, and the type of brain injury frequently determines the neuropathology. (mdedge.com)
  • Chennu S et al (2017) Brain networks predict metabolism, diagnosis and prognosis at the bedside in disorders of consciousness. (springer.com)
  • This book provides up-to-date information on all aspects of brain function and responsiveness in patients with severe disorders of consciousness. (loot.co.za)
  • Then, one adds the influence of the pharmaceutical-psychiatric complex, which heavily pushes the concept that neurotransmitters and brain chemistry are the undisputed basis of consciousness and psychiatry, a profitable and therefore highly questionable construct. (journalpsyche.org)
  • More and more research studies find that many mental disorders listed in DSM5 could be successfully treated by intentional deactivating of problematic limbic circuits in our brain. (journalpsyche.org)
  • Non-invasive brain intervention techniques used in patients with disorders of consciousness. (emf-portal.org)
  • We evaluated EEG band power, fMRI connectivity in networks associated with consciousness and sensory networks, as well as absolute glucose uptake in the brain as potential markers of preserved consciousness or favorable outcome. (springermedizin.de)
  • The neurobiological approach to consciousness moves from the assumption that all phenomenal experiences are based on neuronal activity in the brain. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Different states of consciousness are associated with different patterns of brain waves. (wikibooks.org)
  • Topics include: the impact of recent discoveries related to brain protection strategies, reversing cardiac arrest and death, consciousness, the human experience of cardiac arrest, and transformational experiences of death. (nyas.org)
  • [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] EPILEPSY - Disorder characterized by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain, causing abnormal sensation, movement or level of consciousness . (symptoma.com)
  • We provide specialist rehabilitation and care for people who have a complex neurological injury, disorder or condition which impacts the brain or spinal cord. (badbypark.co.uk)
  • Prolonged disorders of consciousness is a term covering patients remaining in a coma, vegetative state (VS), and minimally conscious state (MCS) after a brain injury. (badbypark.co.uk)
  • Efforts to bring scientific advances to patients with disorders of consciousness are reviewed, including the investigational use of deep brain stimulation in patients in the minimally conscious state. (ama-assn.org)
  • A science of consciousness must strive to explain the exact relationship between phenomenal, mental states and brain states. (scholarpedia.org)
  • Brain scientists are exploiting a number of empirical approaches to shed light on the neural basis of consciousness. (scholarpedia.org)
  • The above definition of Neural Correlates of Consciousness stresses the attribute minimal because the entire brain is clearly sufficient to give rise to consciousness. (scholarpedia.org)
  • The management of patients with severe brain injuries and prolonged disorders of consciousness raises important issues particularly with respect to their therapeutic options. (qxmd.com)
  • Most studies of interventions aimed at improving patients' level of consciousness and functional recovery were behavioural and brain imaging open-label trials and case reports, but several randomised controlled trials have been done, particularly focused on the effects of drugs or use of non-invasive brain stimulation. (qxmd.com)
  • To diagnose patients with severe brain injuries reliably, their state of consciousness has to be evaluated several times with suitable tools. (news-medical.net)
  • Renewed interest in the nature of consciousness - a phenomenon long considered not to be scientifically explorable, as well as increasingly widespread availability of multimodal functional brain imaging techniques (EEG, ERP, MEG, fMRI and PET), now offer the possibility of detailed, integrated exploration of the neural, behavioral, and computational correlates of consciousness. (elsevier.com)
  • These techniques, using resting state, passive and active paradigms, also highlight possible dissociations between consciousness and responsiveness, and are facilitating a more accurate understanding of brain function in this challenging population. (openneuroimagingjournal.com)
  • The majority of people with depersonalization-derealization disorder misinterpret the symptoms, thinking that they are signs of serious psychosis or brain dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disorders of consciousness refer to medical conditions that impair the individual's ability for self-awareness and interaction with the environmental stimuli. (nature.com)
  • Disorders of consciousness include coma (cannot be aroused, eye remain closed), vegetative state (can appear to be awake, but unable to purposefully interact), minimally conscious state (minimal but definite awareness), locked-in syndrome (not a disorder of consciousness, but because paralysis of limbs and facial muscles is unable to speak and/or appears to be unable to react) and post-traumatic confusional state (confusion and amnesia). (aapmr.org)
  • Some define disorders of consciousness as any change from complete self-awareness to inhibited or absent self-awareness and arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Consciousness is a complex and multifaceted concept, divided into two main components: Arousal and Awareness. (wikipedia.org)
  • A condition of severely altered consciousness but with some signs of self-awareness or awareness of an environment. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The bedside behavioral examination, the current clinical standard for diagnosis of disorders of consciousness, is prone to misdiagnosis, a finding that has led to the development of advanced neuroimaging techniques aimed at detection of conscious awareness. (frontiersin.org)
  • A coma is a state in which individuals demonstrate no awareness of self or the environment, characterized by the absence or extreme reduction of behavioral alertness (level of consciousness). (scielo.br)
  • This three day course will equip delegates to use the Music Therapy Assessment Tool for Awareness in Disorders of Consciousness (MATADOC) with minimally responsive patients in clinical settings. (rhn.org.uk)
  • Comatose patients have a depressed level of consciousness, lacking both arousal and awareness, to the extent that they cannot be aroused to an interactive state. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • MCS is a condition in which a patient has a depressed level of consciousness, with some level of awareness. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Consciousness has two main components: wakefulness and awareness. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness or of being aware of an external object or something within oneself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consciousness is the awareness we have of ourselves and our environment. (wikibooks.org)
  • This project is focused on persons with disorders of consciousness, with the primary goal of developing a robust, objective method to detect conscious awareness in persons with severe impairments in speech and motor function. (harvard.edu)
  • Currently, it is challenging to detect the awareness of patients who suffer disorders of consciousness (DOC). (biomedcentral.com)
  • A schizophrenic's journey from consciousness to awareness. (wordpress.com)
  • This revised and expanded second edition discusses the assessment and treatment of patients recovering from coma and disorders of consciousness. (springer.com)
  • Coma and Disorders of Consciousness, Second Edition is a comprehensive review of the field for clinicians and researchers, regardless of whether they are already familiar with the difficult but exciting field of disorders of consciousness. (springer.com)
  • Family education regarding a patient's prognosis and long-term planning are essential parts of disorders of consciousness care. (aapmr.org)
  • Patients in such a dramatically altered state of consciousness present unique problems for diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The growing neuroscientific understanding in disorders of consciousness has clinical value, particularly in determining prognosis, which is critical to ethical deliberation in these cases. (bioethics.net)
  • Accurate diagnosis of a patient's level of consciousness is critical for determining treatment goals, access to rehabilitative services, and prognosis. (frontiersin.org)
  • Accurate assessment of a patient's level of consciousness (LoC) is critically important to prognosis, as patients who have recovered consciousness (i.e. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our current understanding of human consciousness must be reconsidered also in view of the emotional impact on the public and the far-reaching implications for diagnosis, prognosis, medical treatment, human costs, medical and individual responsibility, logistics, healthcare, ethics, etc. (loot.co.za)
  • Its content spans from clinical aspects of the management of subjects in the intensive care unit, including EEG, evoked potentials and related implications in terms of prognosis and patient management to research applications in subjects with ongoing consciousness impairment. (ebooksdownloads.xyz)
  • Disorders of consciousness (DOC) are an important but still underexplored entity in neurology. (qxmd.com)
  • The study of patients with chronic disorders of consciousness may, thus, provide further insights not only at a clinical level (i.e., medical management and rehabilitation) but also from a scientific-theoretical perspective (i.e., the brain's plastic abilities and the pursuit of the neural correlate of consciousness). (frontiersin.org)
  • In any case, this patient should be given an extended rehabilitation program.Objective: to search for the optimal set of clinical and instrumental diagnostic methods, allowing the identification of CMD in patients with chronic consciousness disorder.Patients and methods. (doaj.org)
  • Whether the identified sign could be used in the comprehensive prediction of chronic consciousness disorder was discussed.Conclusion. (doaj.org)
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) combined with Amantadine relative to rTMS Alone and Amantadine Alone for persons in chronic states of seriously impaired consciousness. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • MONTREAL, April 16 /CNW/ - The IRCM (Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal) invite the press to a public lecture on the chronic disorders of consciousness and medical and ethical issues. (newswire.ca)
  • Dr. James Bernat, a renowned American expert on disorders of consciousness and end-of-life decision making, will present the following public talk: "Chronic disorders of consciousness: medical and ethical issues" Monday, April 23, from 11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. (newswire.ca)
  • Chronic disorders of consciouness. (mdedge.com)
  • Different terms are applied to persistent/chronic disorders of consciousness such as minimally conscious states (MCS) or persistent vegetative states (PVS). (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Physics: Is Chronic Pain a Consciousness Disorder? (newsweek.com)
  • A research overlap with physics suggests that chronic pain may be a consciousness disorder, rather than a physical one. (newsweek.com)
  • Locked-in syndrome is often misdiagnosed as a disorder of consciousness. (aapmr.org)
  • The last significant disorder that affects communication is locked-in syndrome. (essaysexperts.com)
  • Locked-in syndrome in basilar artery thrombosis is a classic example of dissociation between preserved consciousness and complete deefferentation as total myoplegia with preserved vertical eye movement. (doaj.org)
  • One of the issues I pointed to was self-consciousness and it's this I'm about to explore further. (healthcentral.com)
  • Self-consciousness is key to understanding how the mind of someone with social phobia works. (healthcentral.com)
  • Self-consciousness leaves little space for picking up the cues of say a disappointed expression when someone tries to communicate. (healthcentral.com)
  • So the question is, what is going on in the mind of this self-consciousness individual? (healthcentral.com)
  • Recent theories of the self propose that interoception - the conscious and unconscious processing of signals originating from within the body - has an essential role in bodily self-consciousness, the basic sense of self that is rooted in the body. (bl.uk)
  • Experiment four investigated bodily self-consciousness with two multisensory paradigms - the full body illusion and an audio-tactile peripersonal space task. (bl.uk)
  • In conclusion, these results show that participants with autism show reduced interoceptive processing and altered bodily self-consciousness. (bl.uk)
  • There was additional evidence that bodily self-consciousness underlies deficits in the understanding of own emotions and the emotions of others. (bl.uk)
  • Here I begin a series of introductions into disorders of self-consciousness. (philosophyofbrains.com)
  • 15. Philosophical Psychopathology and Self-Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • With fifty-five peer reviewed chapters written by the leading authors in the field, The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness is the most extensive and comprehensive survey of the study of consciousness available today. (wiley.com)
  • The neuropathology of disorders of consciousness (coma, vegetative state, and minimally conscious state) has been extensively described at postmortem [ 2 - 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In this paper, we survey current passive and active paradigms available for diagnosis of residual consciousness in vegetative state and minimally conscious patients. (nih.gov)
  • Disorders of consciousness mainly comprise the comatose state, the vegetative state, and the minimally conscious state. (mdedge.com)
  • Information processing in severe disorders of consciousness: vegetative state and minimally conscious state. (mdedge.com)
  • en] OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between medial cortical activation and the presence of self and consciousness in healthy subjects and patients with vegetative state and minimally conscious state using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). (ac.be)
  • Disorders of consciousness (DOCs) include coma, vegetative state and minimally conscious state. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Before responding to whether a patient with a disorder of consciousness-a condition subsuming coma, the vegetative state, and the minimally conscious state (MCS) [1]-should be enrolled in a clinical trial or withdrawn from life support, we need to define relevant terms and be precise in our queries. (ama-assn.org)
  • Coma Synonym Disorders of Consciousness Related Conditions Minimally conscious state Persistent vegetative state 1. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Here, we review three major pathological disorders of consciousness: coma, the unresponsive wakefulness syndrome and the minimally conscious state. (openneuroimagingjournal.com)
  • Martens G, Laureys S, Thibaut A. Spasticity Management in Disorders of Consciousness. (mdpi.com)
  • Assessment scales for disorders of consciousness: evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice and research," Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , vol. 91, no. 12, pp. 1795-1813, 2010. (hindawi.com)
  • This angle of assessment simply does not lend itself to a healthy overall grasp of consciousness, personality, and the experience of living a human life. (journalpsyche.org)
  • The goal of caring for the newly comatose patient is rapid assessment and treatment to restore full consciousness and neurologic function. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • This project compares: 1) traditional neurobehavioral assessment methods of measuring consciousness using the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) and 2) family beliefs of the same with the novel neuroimaging techniques that we are developing. (harvard.edu)
  • In recent decades, event-related potentials have been used for the clinical electrophysiological assessment of patients with disorders of consciousness (DOCs). (bvsalud.org)
  • In consequence, our results combine the above spatial properties of MMN in patients with DOCs, and provide a more precise location (frontocentral area) at which to evaluate the correlation between clinical electrophysiological assessment and the level of consciousness. (bvsalud.org)
  • First, patients with altered states of consciousness continue to represent a major clinical problem in terms of clinical assessment of consciousness and daily management. (elsevier.com)
  • Using case examples, Sunil Kothari, MD , Paradigm Medical Director, and Deborah M. Benson, PhD, ABPP , Associate Vice President, Clinical Services, will discuss determining factors for diagnosis and the inherent difficulty in assessing impairment of fluid disorders of consciousness. (riskandinsurance.com)
  • Issues of interest include phenomena such as subliminal perception , blindsight , denial of impairment , and altered states of consciousness produced by alcohol and other drugs, or spiritual or meditative techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • We employed functional MRI (fMRI) to assess whether (1) patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) retain the ability to willfully engage in top-down processing and (2) what neurophysiologic factors distinguish patients who can demonstrate this ability from patients who cannot. (nih.gov)
  • Although a variety of paradigms have been used in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to reveal covert consciousness, the relative accuracy of these paradigms in the patient population is unknown. (frontiersin.org)
  • These findings indicate that current fMRI motor imagery paradigms frequently fail to detect command following and highlight the need for paradigm optimization to improve the accuracy of covert consciousness detection. (frontiersin.org)
  • Previous studies could demonstrate that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), and electroencephalography (EEG) measures contain information about patients suffering from disorders of consciousness (DOC) and thus improve the clinical diagnosis. (springermedizin.de)
  • The TBIMS has enabled a multi-disciplinary team of experts in disorders of consciousness and neuroimaging to develop new ways of using advanced fMRI in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). (harvard.edu)
  • The quest to understand human consciousness - our ability to be aware of ourselves and our surroundings - has been going on for centuries. (businessinsider.com)
  • The ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) mediates arousal, an essential component of human consciousness. (nih.gov)
  • This ARAS connectivity analysis provides proof of principle that HARDI tractography may affect the study of human consciousness and its disorders, including in neuropathologic studies of patients dying in coma and the persistent vegetative state. (nih.gov)
  • Human consciousness usually displays a striking unity. (stanford.edu)
  • Did Drug Use Help the Development of Human Consciousness? (psychologytoday.com)
  • Thanks to last decades' technological advances, the study of consciousness has been under the scrutiny of neuroscientific research. (frontiersin.org)
  • The lectures are being hosted by the UCSF Fresno Center for the Study of Consciousness, Spirituality, and Culture, CSU Fresno's Armenian Studies Program, Armenian Students Association and the Department of Psychology. (ucsf.edu)
  • 1. A Brief History of the Scientific Approach to the Study of Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • However, until now, there has been little consensus on just which methods are the most effective for the study of consciousness. (oup.com)
  • In the present review, the study of neural plasticity is approached via neurological evidence coming from neuroimaging technologies, such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET), during pathological states and after recovery of consciousness. (frontiersin.org)
  • The most important point regarding the classification of disorders of consciousness is, that consciousness cannot be measured objectively by any machine, although many scoring systems have been developed for the quantification of consciousness and neuroimaging techniques are important tools for clinical research, extending our understanding of underlying mechanisms involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multimodal neuroimaging approaches to disorders of consciousness. (mdedge.com)
  • The scarcity of treatment options is challenged by new clinical and neuroimaging data indicating that some patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness might benefit from therapeutic interventions, even years after the injury. (qxmd.com)
  • Chapter 3: Functional neuroimaging during altered states of consciousness: how and what do we measure? (elsevier.com)
  • Period3 gene in disorder of consciousness: The role of neuroimaging in understanding the relationship between genotype and sleep. (cdc.gov)
  • The study of DOCs and of the electrophysiological changes underlying general anaesthesia-induced loss of consciousness may help in understanding the neuronal correlates of consciousness. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Figure 1: The Neuronal Correlates of Consciousness (NCC) are the minimal set of neural events and structures - here synchronized action potentials in neocortical pyramidal neurons - sufficient for a specific conscious percept or a conscious (explicit) memory . (scholarpedia.org)
  • There is no formal register of patients with disorders of consciousness mainly due to the difficulties with diagnostic codes and transient nature of some of the consciousness conditions. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The MATADOC is a standardised diagnostic music-based measure validated for use with adults with disorders of consciousness (DOC). (rhn.org.uk)
  • Our results not only shed light on the pathophysiology of DOC, but may also suggest a useful neural, and thus diagnostic, marker of the dysfunction of consciousness in vegetative patients. (ac.be)
  • Decisions about end-of-life care and participation in clinical research for patients with disorders of consciousness begin with diagnostic discernment. (ama-assn.org)
  • The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is used by clinicians to diagnose individuals suffering from various psychological disorders. (oercommons.org)
  • Psychological dependence, or drug craving, is a recent addition to the diagnostic criteria for substance use disorder in DSM-5. (oercommons.org)
  • Diagnostic criteria for depersonalization-derealization disorder includes persistent or recurrent feelings of detachment from one's mental or bodily processes or from one's surroundings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Western philosophers , since the time of Descartes and Locke , have struggled to comprehend the nature of consciousness and identify its essential properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Philosophers have pondered the nature of consciousness for thousands of years. (news-medical.net)
  • 24. Daniel Dennett on the Nature of Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • We then applied these regions as functional localizers to examine the relationship between neural activity changes during self-relatedness and consciousness level in the patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). (ac.be)
  • The available data seem to suggest an awakening effect obtained with CNS depressants rather than stimulants, the latter being more effective at improving functional cognitive and behavioral recovery in patients who have spontaneously regained an appreciable level of consciousness. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Decreased or impaired consciousness or alertness refers to decreased responsiveness to external stimuli. (merckmanuals.com)
  • The scientific impact of this seminal evidence has generated a schism between neuroscience and the clinical criteria defining consciousness and responsiveness. (loot.co.za)
  • In medicine , consciousness is assessed by observing a patient's arousal and responsiveness, and can be seen as a continuum of states ranging from full alertness and comprehension, through disorientation, delirium , loss of meaningful communication, and finally loss of movement in response to painful stimuli . (wikipedia.org)
  • [ninds.nih.gov] Some other conditions that may come into effect are sleep disorders , fainting spells, unexplained loss of consciousness , psychiatric disturbances and autonomic dysfunction [disabilitybenefitscenter.org] He showed bradykinesia and small step gait with supranuclear vertical gaze palsy, especially upward gaze palsy. (symptoma.com)
  • Most of these conditions can be generally classified in Chinese medicine as belonging to the category of Shen disturbances, meaning spiritual, emotional, and psychological disorders that are both a result and a cause of neurological stress, toxicity and depletion. (vedicbooks.net)
  • The fourth disorder is the minimal conscious state. (essaysexperts.com)
  • For other uses, see Consciousness (disambiguation) and Conscious (disambiguation) . (wikipedia.org)
  • Anything that we are aware of at a given moment forms part of our consciousness, making conscious experience at once the most familiar and most mysterious aspect of our lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earliest English language uses of "conscious" and "consciousness" date back, however, to the 1500s. (wikipedia.org)
  • More generally, it is consciousness not of A and, separately, of B and, separately, of C , but of A -and- B -and- C together, as the contents of a single conscious state. (stanford.edu)
  • The Neural Correlates of Consciousness (NCC) can be defined as the minimal neuronal mechanisms jointly sufficient for any one specific conscious percept (Crick & Koch 1990). (scholarpedia.org)
  • For instance, it is likely that neural activity in the cerebellum does not underlie any conscious perception, and thus is not part of the Neural Correlates of Consciousness. (scholarpedia.org)
  • Perturbing or inactivating the Neural Correlates of Consciousness for any one specific conscious experience will affect the percept or cause it to disappear. (scholarpedia.org)
  • There are two common, but quite distinct, usages of the term consciousness, one revolving around arousal and states of consciousness and another one around the content of consciousness and conscious states . (scholarpedia.org)
  • Behavioral Methods in Consciousness Research' is the first book of its kind, providing an overview of methods and approaches for studying consciousness. (oup.com)
  • A number of clinical studies highlight the difficulty in making a correct diagnosis in patients with disorders of consciousness based only on behavioral examinations. (openneuroimagingjournal.com)
  • Thalamo-frontal connectivity mediates top-down cognitive functions in disorders of consciousness. (nih.gov)
  • About 50% of people with TBI in a vegetative state one month since the trauma will recover consciousness however, various degrees of residual physical and cognitive deficits are often present. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Dehaene S, Naccache L. Towards a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: basic evidence and a workspace framework. (mdedge.com)
  • Thanks to developments in technology over the past few decades, consciousness has become a significant topic of interdisciplinary research in cognitive science , with significant contributions from fields such as psychology , anthropology, [6] [7] neuropsychology and neuroscience . (wikipedia.org)
  • While other conditions may cause a moderate deterioration (e.g., dementia and delirium) or transient interruption (e.g., grand mal and petit mal seizures) of consciousness, they are not included in this category. (wikipedia.org)
  • Status epilepticus, a dangerous condition in which epileptic seizures follow one another for a duration of five or more minutes without the victim's regaining consciousness between them, is the second most common neurological emergency in the United States, with a recorded maximum of around 150,000-plus cases per year. (news-medical.net)
  • The paper , published in the journal Neuroscience of Consciousness this month, includes a list of questions which they hope would help guide such a trial. (dana.org)
  • Coma is a condition in which a patient cannot be aroused to consciousness. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Description of the problem What every clinician should know Coma is a condition in which a patient cannot be aroused to consciousness. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The estimated annual cost to the American society due to anxiety disorders is above $42.3 billion. (medindia.net)
  • According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), there are a few different types of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and phobia-related anxiety disorders, but they all hinge on one important aspect: when overwhelming feelings of worry or fear impinge on a person's daily life. (health.com)
  • Researchers believe that anxiety disorders can stem from both genetic and environmental factors, and these anxiety disorders are typically treated through a variety of interventions, including psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of the two, according to the NIMH. (health.com)
  • While anxiety disorders are often hard to pinpoint-and often benefit from a correct diagnosis from a mental health professional-there are some signs and symptoms that are common among those with most types of anxiety disorders. (health.com)
  • Disruption of these processes plays an important role in the emotional dysfunction associated with mood and anxiety disorders. (openneuroimagingjournal.com)
  • In assessing Matt's consciousness, Dr. Roberts was not concerned with the notoriously thorny philosophical problems of defining consciousness. (dana.org)
  • Our aim was to review the occurrence of spasticity in patients with disorders of consciousness and the therapeutic interventions used to treat it. (mdpi.com)
  • In turn, the understanding of the neural bases of consciousness may help in designing interventions aimed at restoring consciousness in DOC patients. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Higher scores are generally associated with a higher level of consciousness. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • When Dr. Roberts shouted Matt's name and applied painful stimuli to assess his level of consciousness, his eyes did not open. (dana.org)
  • Finally, it was shown that these signal changes correlate with the level of consciousness in the patients with DOC. (ac.be)
  • Once level of consciousness has been assessed, pupillary size and reactivity are assessed, followed by corneal (usually with a drop of sterile saline into the eye), gag and cough reflexes. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • We conclude that absolute FDG-PET is a suitable tool to evaluate the level consciousness in DOC patients. (springermedizin.de)
  • 19. The Intermediate Level Theory of Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • In previous studies it has been shown that the activity of the default mode network (DMN) areas, particularly of its key region-the angular gyrus-is positively correlated with the level of consciousness. (mdpi.com)
  • Piradov, M. Stimulation of the Angular Gyrus Improves the Level of Consciousness. (mdpi.com)
  • Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of Per3 genotype on sleep quantity and consciousness recovery level in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusion For the first time we have shown a possible association between Per3 polymorphism and consciousness recovery level in DOC patients. (cdc.gov)
  • [8] Issues of practical concern include how the presence of consciousness can be assessed in severely ill, comatose, or anesthetized people, and how to treat conditions in which consciousness is impaired or disrupted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although new therapeutic approaches seem to be valuable for patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness, optimised stimulation parameters, alternative drugs, or rehabilitation strategies still need to be tested and validated to improve rehabilitation and the quality of life of these patients. (qxmd.com)
  • As that experience of life differs so incredibly widely from individual to individual, encompassing unfathomable diversity, a unified theory of consciousness that incorporates all the elements of the human sphere (including dreams, myths, imagination, art, culture, and religion) is far from easy to create. (journalpsyche.org)
  • Neuroscience is certainly intriguing and at times revealing, but is often applied in a limited and dogmatic way far too rigid to be of use in developing a theory of consciousness. (journalpsyche.org)
  • It should be noted that discovering and characterizing the Neural Correlates of Consciousness in brains is not the same as a theory of consciousness . (scholarpedia.org)
  • 18. The Global Workspace Theory of Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • 22. The Information Integration Theory of Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • We then review the current main theories of consciousness and see how they can apply in this context. (nih.gov)
  • This is almost certainly why none of the current prevailing theories of consciousness (along with most theories of child development ) seem to have fully integrated the full scope of human nature. (journalpsyche.org)
  • Part III: Some Contemporary Theories of Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • 21. Higher-Order Theories of Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • 23. Quantum Mechanical Theories of Consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • Less severely impaired levels of consciousness are often labeled as lethargy or, if more severe, obtundation. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Neuroanatomic connectivity of the human ascending arousal system critical to consciousness and its disorders. (nih.gov)
  • We applied the following methods to resting-state EEG data from patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) for consciousness indexing and outcome prediction: microstates, entropy (i.e. approximate, permutation), power in alpha and delta frequency bands, and connectivity (i.e. weighted symbolic mutual information, symbolic transfer entropy, complex network analysis). (springer.com)
  • The mechanism for coma or impaired consciousness involves dysfunction of both cerebral hemispheres or of the reticular activating system (also known as the ascending arousal system). (merckmanuals.com)
  • This book covers in detail the spectrum of electrophysiology applications in patients with disorders of consciousness. (ebooksdownloads.xyz)
  • The differential diagnosis of disorders of consciousness is challenging. (nih.gov)
  • These studies will help determine neural mechanisms that mediate susceptibility to stress and offer insights into the development of emotion-related disorders. (openneuroimagingjournal.com)
  • It's about bipolar disorder and the (incomplete) way it is viewed in mainstream psychology/psychiatry. (theupwardmind.com)
  • 2003). He was a co-founder and, from 2004 to 2006, Chair of the Consciousness and Experiential Psychology Section of the British Psychological Society. (wiley.com)
  • Although the neural basis of consciousness remains puzzling, findings from normal volunteers and pathologies of consciousness show that widely distributed networks such as thalamofrontal and parietofrontal systems may be critical. (mdedge.com)
  • Results of workshop concerning the sudden loss of consciousness in divers. (cdc.gov)
  • Findings and conclusions of a workshop on sudden loss of consciousness in divers, held in Madison, Wisconsin, are presented. (cdc.gov)
  • In a study of 150 episodes of diver loss of consciousness, the divers in over half of the cases had no advance warning. (cdc.gov)
  • Careful clinical examination will result in reclassification of the state of consciousness in some of these patients. (nih.gov)
  • Three of 8 patients diagnosed as being in a VS exhibited significant activations in response to the task, thereby demonstrating a state of consciousness. (nih.gov)
  • Disorders of consciousness (DOC) are clinical situations in which there is diffuse psychological loss, and usually occur together with a general reduced or altered state of consciousness and impaired arousability. (scielo.br)
  • Recovery of consciousness is a very gradual process. (scielo.br)
  • Within 2 months after admission in intensive neurorehabilitation unit, 3.9% were dead, 35.5% had a full recovery of consciousness and 111 66.7% remained in VS or MCS. (researchsquare.com)
  • Another unyielding limitation when it comes to ascertaining patient consciousness is the fact that vegetative patients may move to a great extent, and clinical studies are faced with the difficult task of differentiating autonomic or reflex movements from voluntary ones. (scielo.br)
  • L. Flotta, F. Riganello, and W. G. Sannita, "Intelligent monitoring of subjects with severe disorder of consciousness," in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sensor Device Technologies and Applications (SENSORDEVICES '13) , pp. 135-138, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • Lesions of the ARAS cause coma, the most severe disorder of consciousness. (nih.gov)