Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.
Organic mental disorders in which there is impairment of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment and to respond to environmental stimuli. Dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres or brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION may result in this condition.
Loss of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment combined with markedly reduced responsiveness to environmental stimuli. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp344-5)
Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.
A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
Ultrashort-acting anesthetics that are used for induction. Loss of consciousness is rapid and induction is pleasant, but there is no muscle relaxation and reflexes frequently are not reduced adequately. Repeated administration results in accumulation and prolongs the recovery time. Since these agents have little if any analgesic activity, they are seldom used alone except in brief minor procedures. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p174)
Devices used to assess the level of consciousness especially during anesthesia. They measure brain activity level based on the EEG.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
The major of two hallucinogenic components of Teonanacatl, the sacred mushroom of Mexico, the other component being psilocin. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Those forces and content of the mind which are not ordinarily available to conscious awareness or to immediate recall.
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.
A transient loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished blood flow to the brain (i.e., BRAIN ISCHEMIA). Presyncope refers to the sensation of lightheadedness and loss of strength that precedes a syncopal event or accompanies an incomplete syncope. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp367-9)
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Clinical or subclinical disturbances of cortical function due to a sudden, abnormal, excessive, and disorganized discharge of brain cells. Clinical manifestations include abnormal motor, sensory and psychic phenomena. Recurrent seizures are usually referred to as EPILEPSY or "seizure disorder."
The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).
Paired bodies containing mostly GRAY MATTER and forming part of the lateral wall of the THIRD VENTRICLE of the brain.
A generalized seizure disorder characterized by recurrent major motor seizures. The initial brief tonic phase is marked by trunk flexion followed by diffuse extension of the trunk and extremities. The clonic phase features rhythmic flexor contractions of the trunk and limbs, pupillary dilation, elevations of blood pressure and pulse, urinary incontinence, and tongue biting. This is followed by a profound state of depressed consciousness (post-ictal state) which gradually improves over minutes to hours. The disorder may be cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (caused by an identified disease process). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p329)
Process of administering an anesthetic through injection directly into the bloodstream.
A disorder characterized by recurrent partial seizures marked by impairment of cognition. During the seizure the individual may experience a wide variety of psychic phenomenon including formed hallucinations, illusions, deja vu, intense emotional feelings, confusion, and spatial disorientation. Focal motor activity, sensory alterations and AUTOMATISM may also occur. Complex partial seizures often originate from foci in one or both temporal lobes. The etiology may be idiopathic (cryptogenic partial complex epilepsy) or occur as a secondary manifestation of a focal cortical lesion (symptomatic partial complex epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp317-8)
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
A series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep which are dissociated from the usual stream of consciousness of the waking state.
Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)
A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
Philosophy based on the analysis of the individual's existence in the world which holds that human existence cannot be completely described in scientific terms. Existentialism also stresses the freedom and responsibility of the individual as well as the uniqueness of religious and ethical experiences and the analysis of subjective phenomena such as anxiety, guilt, and suffering. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)
A group of compounds that contain the general formula R-OCH3.
Loss of consciousness due to a reduction in blood pressure that is associated with an increase in vagal tone and peripheral vasodilation.
Drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposely following repeated painful stimulation. The ability to independently maintain ventilatory function may be impaired. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)
The period of emergence from general anesthesia, where different elements of consciousness return at different rates.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
A short-acting hypnotic-sedative drug with anxiolytic and amnestic properties. It is used in dentistry, cardiac surgery, endoscopic procedures, as preanesthetic medication, and as an adjunct to local anesthesia. The short duration and cardiorespiratory stability makes it useful in poor-risk, elderly, and cardiac patients. It is water-soluble at pH less than 4 and lipid-soluble at physiological pH.
The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
Pathologic partial or complete loss of the ability to recall past experiences (AMNESIA, RETROGRADE) or to form new memories (AMNESIA, ANTEROGRADE). This condition may be of organic or psychologic origin. Organic forms of amnesia are usually associated with dysfunction of the DIENCEPHALON or HIPPOCAMPUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-7)
Automatic, mechanical, and apparently undirected behavior which is outside of conscious control.
Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.
Conditions characterized by recurrent paroxysmal neuronal discharges which arise from a focal region of the brain. Partial seizures are divided into simple and complex, depending on whether consciousness is unaltered (simple partial seizure) or disturbed (complex partial seizure). Both types may feature a wide variety of motor, sensory, and autonomic symptoms. Partial seizures may be classified by associated clinical features or anatomic location of the seizure focus. A secondary generalized seizure refers to a partial seizure that spreads to involve the brain diffusely. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp317)
An interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information. Information theory does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content. It overlaps considerably with communication theory and CYBERNETICS.
The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of NEURONS and the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.
Excision of part of the skull. This procedure is used to treat elevated intracranial pressure that is unresponsive to conventional treatment.
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Agents that induce various degrees of analgesia; depression of consciousness, circulation, and respiration; relaxation of skeletal muscle; reduction of reflex activity; and amnesia. There are two types of general anesthetics, inhalation and intravenous. With either type, the arterial concentration of drug required to induce anesthesia varies with the condition of the patient, the desired depth of anesthesia, and the concomitant use of other drugs. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p.173)
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
A standard and widely accepted diagnostic test used to identify patients who have a vasodepressive and/or cardioinhibitory response as a cause of syncope. (From Braunwald, Heart Disease, 7th ed)
Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.
A dental specialty concerned with the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease, injuries, and defects of the human oral and maxillofacial region.
Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
Bacterial infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space, frequently involving the cerebral cortex, cranial nerves, cerebral blood vessels, spinal cord, and nerve roots.
Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
An acute neurological disorder characterized by the triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and disturbances of mental activity or consciousness. Eye movement abnormalities include nystagmus, external rectus palsies, and reduced conjugate gaze. THIAMINE DEFICIENCY and chronic ALCOHOLISM are associated conditions. Pathologic features include periventricular petechial hemorrhages and neuropil breakdown in the diencephalon and brainstem. Chronic thiamine deficiency may lead to KORSAKOFF SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1139-42; Davis & Robertson, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp452-3)
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Study of the anatomy of the nervous system as a specialty or discipline.
Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)
Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.
Brain waves characterized by a relatively high voltage or amplitude and a frequency of 8-13 Hz. They constitute the majority of waves recorded by EEG registering the activity of the parietal and occipital lobes when the individual is awake, but relaxed with the eyes closed.
An acute or subacute inflammatory process of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM characterized histologically by multiple foci of perivascular demyelination. Symptom onset usually occurs several days after an acute viral infection or immunization, but it may coincide with the onset of infection or rarely no antecedent event can be identified. Clinical manifestations include CONFUSION, somnolence, FEVER, nuchal rigidity, and involuntary movements. The illness may progress to COMA and eventually be fatal. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p921)
A state of reduced sensibility and response to stimuli which is distinguished from COMA in that the person can be aroused by vigorous and repeated stimulation. The person is still conscious and can make voluntary movements. It can be induced by CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AGENTS. The word derives from Latin stupere and is related to stunned, stupid, dazed or LETHARGY.
A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration.
Brain waves seen on EEG characterized by a high amplitude and a frequency of 4 Hz and below. They are considered the "deep sleep waves" observed during sleep in dreamless states, infancy, and in some brain disorders.
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.
Surgical creation of an opening in a cerebral ventricle.
A potentially fatal syndrome associated primarily with the use of neuroleptic agents (see ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) which are in turn associated with dopaminergic receptor blockade (see RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) in the BASAL GANGLIA and HYPOTHALAMUS, and sympathetic dysregulation. Clinical features include diffuse MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; high FEVER; diaphoresis; labile blood pressure; cognitive dysfunction; and autonomic disturbances. Serum CPK level elevation and a leukocytosis may also be present. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1199; Psychiatr Serv 1998 Sep;49(9):1163-72)
The state that distinguishes organisms from inorganic matter, manifested by growth, metabolism, reproduction, and adaptation. It includes the course of existence, the sum of experiences, the mode of existing, or the fact of being. Over the centuries inquiries into the nature of life have crossed the boundaries from philosophy to biology, forensic medicine, anthropology, etc., in creative as well as scientific literature. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Any operation on the cranium or incision into the cranium. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.
Continuation of visual impression after cessation of stimuli causing the original image.
A childhood seizure disorder characterized by rhythmic electrical brain discharges of generalized onset. Clinical features include a sudden cessation of ongoing activity usually without loss of postural tone. Rhythmic blinking of the eyelids or lip smacking frequently accompanies the SEIZURES. The usual duration is 5-10 seconds, and multiple episodes may occur daily. Juvenile absence epilepsy is characterized by the juvenile onset of absence seizures and an increased incidence of myoclonus and tonic-clonic seizures. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p736)
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially to induce anesthesia. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
The organic and psychogenic disturbances observed after closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED). Post-concussion syndrome includes subjective physical complaints (i.e. headache, dizziness), cognitive, emotional, and behavioral changes. These disturbances can be chronic, permanent, or late emerging.
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.
A drive stemming from a physiological need for WATER.
The instinctive tendency (or ability) to assume a normal position of the body in space when it has been displaced.
Sudden temporary alterations in the normally integrative functions of consciousness.
Elevated level of AMMONIA in the blood. It is a sign of defective CATABOLISM of AMINO ACIDS or ammonia to UREA.
A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.
The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The removal of a circular disk of the cranium.
The use of mind to cure disease, particularly physical illness.
A disorder characterized by CONFUSION; inattentiveness; disorientation; ILLUSIONS; HALLUCINATIONS; agitation; and in some instances autonomic nervous system overactivity. It may result from toxic/metabolic conditions or structural brain lesions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp411-2)
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
The chemical processes, enzymatic activities, and pathways of living things and related temporal, dimensional, qualitative, and quantitative concepts.
A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Imidazole derivative anesthetic and hypnotic with little effect on blood gases, ventilation, or the cardiovascular system. It has been proposed as an induction anesthetic.
A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
Condition wherein the force of gravity is greater than or is increased above that on the surface of the earth. This is expressed as being greater than 1 g.
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.
Inflammation of the BRAIN due to infection, autoimmune processes, toxins, and other conditions. Viral infections (see ENCEPHALITIS, VIRAL) are a relatively frequent cause of this condition.
EEG phase synchronization of the cortical brain region (CEREBRAL CORTEX).
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Anesthesia caused by the breathing of anesthetic gases or vapors or by insufflating anesthetic gases or vapors into the respiratory tract.
That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).
Surgical creation of a communication between a cerebral ventricle and the peritoneum by means of a plastic tube to permit drainage of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Bleeding within the SKULL, including hemorrhages in the brain and the three membranes of MENINGES. The escape of blood often leads to the formation of HEMATOMA in the cranial epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid spaces.
A syndrome characterized by a silent and inert state without voluntary motor activity despite preserved sensorimotor pathways and vigilance. Bilateral FRONTAL LOBE dysfunction involving the anterior cingulate gyrus and related brain injuries are associated with this condition. This may result in impaired abilities to communicate and initiate motor activities. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p348; Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 1995 Feb;63(2):59-67)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Stimulation at an intensity below that where a differentiated response can be elicited.
Radiography of the ventricular system of the brain after injection of air or other contrast medium directly into the cerebral ventricles. It is used also for x-ray computed tomography of the cerebral ventricles.
Deficiency of sodium in the blood; salt depletion. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Severe HYPOGLYCEMIA induced by a large dose of exogenous INSULIN resulting in a COMA or profound state of unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE with delayed onset of neurological symptoms. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
A mental state characterized by bewilderment, emotional disturbance, lack of clear thinking, and perceptual disorientation.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The relation between the mind and the body in a religious, social, spiritual, behavioral, and metaphysical context. This concept is significant in the field of alternative medicine. It differs from the relationship between physiologic processes and behavior where the emphasis is on the body's physiology ( = PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY).
A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
Infarctions that occur in the BRAIN STEM which is comprised of the MIDBRAIN; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA. There are several named syndromes characterized by their distinctive clinical manifestations and specific sites of ischemic injury.
A dangerous life-threatening hypermetabolic condition characterized by high FEVER and dysfunction of the cardiovascular, the nervous, and the gastrointestinal systems.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Recurrent seizures causally related to CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. Cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (HEAD INJURIES, CLOSED) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; Sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)
Accumulation of blood in the EPIDURAL SPACE between the SKULL and the DURA MATER, often as a result of bleeding from the MENINGEAL ARTERIES associated with a temporal or parietal bone fracture. Epidural hematoma tends to expand rapidly, compressing the dura and underlying brain. Clinical features may include HEADACHE; VOMITING; HEMIPARESIS; and impaired mental function.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Tapping fluid from the subarachnoid space in the lumbar region, usually between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae.
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
Wave-like oscillations of electric potential between parts of the brain recorded by EEG.
The inability to generate oral-verbal expression, despite normal comprehension of speech. This may be associated with BRAIN DISEASES or MENTAL DISORDERS. Organic mutism may be associated with damage to the FRONTAL LOBE; BRAIN STEM; THALAMUS; and CEREBELLUM. Selective mutism is a psychological condition that usually affects children characterized by continuous refusal to speak in social situations by a child who is able and willing to speak to selected persons. Kussmal aphasia refers to mutism in psychosis. (From Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 1994; 62(9):337-44)
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
Recurrent conditions characterized by epileptic seizures which arise diffusely and simultaneously from both hemispheres of the brain. Classification is generally based upon motor manifestations of the seizure (e.g., convulsive, nonconvulsive, akinetic, atonic, etc.) or etiology (e.g., idiopathic, cryptogenic, and symptomatic). (From Mayo Clin Proc, 1996 Apr;71(4):405-14)
A group of diseases related to a deficiency of the enzyme ARGININOSUCCINATE SYNTHASE which causes an elevation of serum levels of CITRULLINE. In neonates, clinical manifestations include lethargy, hypotonia, and SEIZURES. Milder forms also occur. Childhood and adult forms may present with recurrent episodes of intermittent weakness, lethargy, ATAXIA, behavioral changes, and DYSARTHRIA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p49)
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
A type of lung inflammation resulting from the aspiration of food, liquid, or gastric contents into the upper RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Medical procedure involving the emptying of contents in the stomach through the use of a tube inserted through the nose or mouth. It is performed to remove poisons or relieve pressure due to intestinal blockages or during surgery.
A syndrome of abnormally low BLOOD GLUCOSE level. Clinical hypoglycemia has diverse etiologies. Severe hypoglycemia eventually lead to glucose deprivation of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM resulting in HUNGER; SWEATING; PARESTHESIA; impaired mental function; SEIZURES; COMA; and even DEATH.
Puncture of a vein to draw blood for therapeutic purposes. Bloodletting therapy has been used in Talmudic and Indian medicine since the medieval time, and was still practiced widely in the 18th and 19th centuries. Its modern counterpart is PHLEBOTOMY.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE with acute onset of neurological symptoms. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
A condition when the SELLA TURCICA is not filled with pituitary tissue. The pituitary gland is either compressed, atrophied, or removed. There are two types: (1) primary empty sella is due a defect in the sella diaphragm leading to arachnoid herniation into the sellar space; (2) secondary empty sella is associated with the removal or treatment of PITUITARY NEOPLASMS.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
A false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts, and is not considered tenable by one's associates.
A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
Presence of air or gas within the intracranial cavity (e.g., epidural space, subdural space, intracerebral, etc.) which may result from traumatic injuries, fistulous tract formation, erosions of the skull from NEOPLASMS or infection, NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES, and other conditions.

Vision: modular analysis--or not? (1/1219)

It has commonly been assumed that the many separate areas of the visual system perform modular analyses, each restricted to a single attribute of the image. A recent paper advocates a radically different approach, where all areas in the hierarchy analyse all attributes of the image to extract perceptually relevant decisions.  (+info)

Effect of the cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55212-2 on sympathetic cardiovascular regulation. (2/1219)

1. The aim of the present study was to analyse the cardiovascular actions of the synthetic CB1/CB2 cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55212-2, and specifically to determine its sites of action on sympathetic cardiovascular regulation. 2. Pithed rabbits in which the sympathetic outflow was continuously stimulated electrically or which received a pressor infusion of noradrenaline were used to study peripheral prejunctional and direct vascular effects, respectively. For studying effects on brain stem cardiovascular regulatory centres, drugs were administered into the cisterna cerebellomedullaris in conscious rabbits. Overall cardiovascular effects of the cannabinoid were studied in conscious rabbits with intravenous drug administration. 3. In pithed rabbits in which the sympathetic outflow was continuously electrically stimulated, intravenous injection of WIN55212-2 (5, 50 and 500 microg kg(-1)) markedly reduced blood pressure, the spillover of noradrenaline into plasma and the plasma noradrenaline concentration, and these effects were antagonized by the CB1 cannabinoid receptor-selective antagonist SR141716A. The hypotensive and the sympathoinhibitory effect of WIN55212-2 was shared by CP55940, another mixed CB1/CB2 cannabinoid receptor agonist, but not by WIN55212-3, the enantiomer of WIN55212-2, which lacks affinity for cannabinoid binding sites. WIN55212-2 had no effect on vascular tone established by infusion of noradrenaline in pithed rabbits. 4. Intracisternal application of WIN55212-2 (0.1, 1 and 10 microg kg(-1)) in conscious rabbits increased blood pressure and the plasma noradrenaline concentration and elicited bradycardia; this latter effect was antagonized by atropine. 5. In conscious animals, intravenous injection of WIN55212-2 (5 and 50 microg kg(-1)) caused bradycardia, slight hypotension, no change in the plasma noradrenaline concentration, and an increase in renal sympathetic nerve firing. The highest dose of WIN55212-2 (500 microg kg(-1)) elicited hypotension and tachycardia, and sympathetic nerve activity and the plasma noradrenaline concentration declined. 6. The results obtained in pithed rabbits indicate that activation of CB1 cannabinoid receptors leads to marked peripheral prejunctional inhibition of noradrenaline release from postganglionic sympathetic axons. Intracisternal application of WIN55212-2 uncovered two effects on brain stem cardiovascular centres: sympathoexcitation and activation of cardiac vagal fibres. The highest dose of systemically administered WIN55212-2 produced central sympathoinhibition; the primary site of this action is not known.  (+info)

ATP-sensitive potassium channels regulate in vivo dopamine release in rat striatum. (3/1219)

ATP-sensitive K+ channels (K(ATP)) are distributed in a variety of tissues including smooth muscle, cardiac and skeletal muscle, pancreatic beta-cells and neurons. Since K(ATP) channels are present in the nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) pathway, the effect of potassium-channel modulators on the release of DA in the striatum of conscious, freely-moving rats was investigated. The extracellular concentration of DA was significantly decreased by the K(ATP)-channel opener (-)-cromakalim but not by diazoxide. (-)-Cromakalim was effective at 100 and 1000 microM concentrations, and the maximum decrease was 54% below baseline. d-Amphetamine significantly increased extracellular DA levels at the doses of 0.75 and 1.5 mg/kg, s.c. with a 770% maximum increase. (-)-Cromakalim had no effect on d-amphetamine-induced DA release, while glyburide, a K(ATP) blocker, significantly potentiated the effects of a low dose of d-amphetamine. These data indicate that K+ channels present in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic terminals modulate basal release as well as evoked release of DA.  (+info)

Stroke units in their natural habitat: can results of randomized trials be reproduced in routine clinical practice? Riks-Stroke Collaboration. (4/1219)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of acute stroke care have shown care in stroke units (SUs) to be superior to that in conventional general medical, neurological, or geriatric wards, with reductions in early case fatality, functional outcome, and the need for long-term institutionalization. This study examined whether these results can be reproduced in clinical practice. METHODS: A multicenter observational study of procedures and outcomes in acute stroke patients admitted to designated SUs or general medical or neurological wards (GWs), the study included patients of all ages with acute stroke excluding those with subarachnoid hemorrhage, who were entered into the Riks-Stroke (Swedish national quality assessment) database during 1996 (14 308 patients in 80 hospitals). RESULTS: Patients admitted to SUs who had lived independently and who were fully conscious on admission to the hospital had a lower case fatality than those cared for in GWs (relative risk [RR] for death, 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 0.96) and at 3 months (RR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.85 to 0.98). A greater proportion of patients cared for in an SU could be discharged home (RR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.10), and fewer were in long-term institutional care 3 months after the stroke (RR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.89 to 0.99). No difference was seen in outcome in patients cared for in SUs or GWs if they had impaired consciousness on admission. CONCLUSIONS: The improvement in outcomes after stroke care in SUs compared with care in GWs can be reproduced in the routine clinical setting, but the magnitude of the benefit appears smaller than that reported from meta-analyses.  (+info)

Assessment of the effects of endothelin-1 and magnesium sulphate on regional blood flows in conscious rats, by the coloured microsphere reference technique. (5/1219)

There is evidence to suggest that magnesium (Mg2+) is beneficial in the treatment of a number of conditions, including pre-eclampsia and acute myocardial infarction. The mode of action of Mg2+ in these conditions is not clear, although the vasodilator properties of Mg2+ are well documented both in vitro and in vivo. Previously, we demonstrated that i.v. infusion of magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) alone, or in the presence of vasoconstrictors, caused increases in flow and conductance in the common carotid, internal carotid and hindquarters vascular beds, in conscious rats. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate the regional and subregional changes in haemodynamics in response to the vasoconstrictor peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) and MgSO4 in more detail, using the coloured microsphere reference technique. Infusion of ET-1 and MgSO4 had similar effects on heart rate and mean arterial pressure as in our previous study. Infusion of ET-1 caused a rise in mean arterial pressure and a fall in heart rate, and infusion of MgSO4 returned mean arterial pressure to control levels with no effect on heart rate. The responses to MgSO4 in the presence of ET-1 showed considerable regional heterogeneity with blood flow increasing (e.g. skeletal muscle), decreasing (e.g. stomach) or not changing (e.g. kidney). Of particular interest was the finding that MgSO4 caused increases in flow in the cerebral and coronary vascular beds. This, and our previous studies, have shown that MgSO4 can reverse vasoconstriction in a number of vascular beds, and indicate that this compound may have therapeutic benefit in conditions associated with vasospasm.  (+info)

Propofol infusion for induction and maintenance of anaesthesia in patients with end-stage renal disease. (6/1219)

We have investigated the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of propofol in 11 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) compared with nine healthy patients during and after a manually controlled three-stage infusion of propofol 21, 12 and 6 mg kg-1 h-1 lasting a minimum of 2 h. Mean total body clearance was not reduced significantly in the ESRD group (30.66 (SD 8.47) ml kg-1 min-1) compared with the control group (33.75 (7.8) ml kg-1 min-1). ESRD patients exhibited a greater, but not statistically significant, volume of distribution at steady state compared with patients in the control group (11.25 (8.86) vs 5.79 (2.14) litre kg-1, respectively). Elimination half-life values were unchanged by renal failure. Mean times to induction of anaesthesia were similar in both groups: 177 (SD 57) and 167 (58) s for the ESRD and control groups, respectively. Waking time after cessation of propofol infusion was significantly shorter in the ESRD group (474 (156) s) compared with the control group (714 (240) s) (P < 0.05). Mean plasma concentrations on waking were similar. We conclude that the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of propofol after infusion were not markedly affected by renal failure.  (+info)

Cardiovascular effects of rilmenidine, moxonidine and clonidine in conscious wild-type and D79N alpha2A-adrenoceptor transgenic mice. (7/1219)

1. We investigated the cardiovascular effects of rilmenidine, moxonidine and clonidine in conscious wild-type and D79N alpha2A-adrenoceptor mice. The in vitro pharmacology of these agonists was determined at recombinant (human) alpha2-adrenoceptors and at endogenous (dog) alpha2A-adrenoceptors. 2. In wild-type mice, rilmenidine, moxonidine (100, 300 and 1000 microg kg(-1), i.v.) and clonidine (30, 100 and 300 microg kg(-1), i.v.) dose-dependently decreased blood pressure and heart rate. 3. In D79N alpha2A-adrenoceptor mice, responses to rilmenidine and moxonidine did not differ from vehicle control. Clonidine-induced hypotension was absent, but dose-dependent hypertension and bradycardia were observed. 4. In wild-type mice, responses to moxonidine (1 mg kg(-1), i.v.) were antagonized by the non-selective, non-imidazoline alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist, RS-79948-197 (1 mg kg(-1), i.v.). 5. Affinity estimates (pKi) at human alpha2A-, alpha2B- and alpha2C-adrenoceptors, respectively, were: rilmenidine (5.80, 5.76 and 5.33), moxonidine (5.37, <5 and <5) and clonidine (7.21, 7.16 and 6.87). In a [35S]-GTPgammaS incorporation assay, moxonidine and clonidine were alpha2A-adrenoceptor agonists (pEC50/intrinsic activity relative to noradrenaline): moxonidine (5.74/0.85) and clonidine (7.57/0.32). 6. In dog saphenous vein, concentration-dependent contractions were observed (pEC50/intrinsic activity relative to noradrenaline): rilmenidine (5.83/0.70), moxonidine (6.48/0.98) and clonidine (7.22/0.83). Agonist-independent affinities were obtained with RS-79948-197. 7. Thus, expression of alpha2A-adrenoceptors is a prerequisite for the cardiovascular effects of moxonidine and rilmenidine in conscious mice. There was no evidence of I1-imidazoline receptor-mediated effects. The ability of these compounds to act as alpha2A-adrenoceptor agonists in vitro supports this conclusion.  (+info)

Neuroimaging of genesis and satiation of thirst and an interoceptor-driven theory of origins of primary consciousness. (8/1219)

There are defined hypothalamic functions in the genesis of thirst, but little is known of the cortical processes subserving consciousness of thirst notwithstanding the medical disorders that occur in psychiatric illness, addiction, and the attested decline of thirst with aging. In 10 adult males, positron emission tomography scans were made (i) during genesis of moderate thirst by infusion of i.v. hypertonic saline 0.51 M, (ii) after irrigation of the mouth with water to remove the sensation of dryness, and (iii) 3, 14, 45, and 60 minutes after drinking water to fully satiate thirst. The correlation of regional cerebral blood flow with thirst score showed the major activation to be in the posterior cingulate. Maximum thirst sensation evoked 13 highly significant activations and 9 deactivations in cingulate and parahippocampal gyri, insula, thalamus, amygdala, and mesencephalon. It is possible that cingulate sites (Brodmann's areas 32, 24, and 31) that persisted with wet mouth but disappeared immediately after drinking to satiation may have an important role in the consciousness of thirst. Consciousness of thirst, a primal vegetative emotion, and satiation of thirst appear to be subserved by phylogenetically ancient brain regions. This is salient to current discussion on evolutionary emergence of primary consciousness.  (+info)

Stuart Hameroff and Roger Penrose think it does, while Patricia Churchland is less convinced How can we comprehend the nature of our conscious experience? This question provokes four types of explanation. Reductive materialists believe that conscious experience simply emerges from computer-like excitations among the brains neurons. Dualists view consciousness as separate from the brain, but able to influence brain activities. Idealists argue that consciousness is primary and itself creates reality: consciousness is all there is. Panpsychists say that conscious experience is intrinsic to physical reality, that a protoconsciousness (a funda-mentality) is present even in inanimate structures. Consider this fourth view. Could the raw components of conscious experience actually be built-in to the universe? Philosopher Alfred North Whitehead proposed that at a deeper level than atoms or electrons are fundamental units, which Whitehead termed occasions of experience. Some modern ...
The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates. Ned Block. 1stPublisher: Bradford BookFormat: Paperback. Intended for anyone attempting to find their way through the large and confusingly interwoven philosophical literature on consciousness, this reader brings together most of the principal texts in philosophy (and a small set of related key works in neuropsychology) on consciousness through 1997, and includes some forthcoming articles. Its extensive coverage strikes a balance between seminal works of the past few decades and the leading edge of philosophical research on consciousness.As no other anthology currently does, The Nature of Consciousness provides a substantial introduction to the field, and imposes structure on a vast and complicated literature, with sections covering stream of consciousness, theoretical issues, consciousness and representation, the function of consciousness, subjectivity and the explanatory gap, the knowledge argument, qualia, and monitoring conceptions of ...
Although science has made considerable progress in discovering the neural basis of cognition, how consciousness arises remains elusive. In this book, Pennartz analyzes which aspects of conscious experience can be peeled away to access its core: the relationship between brain processes and the qualitative nature of consciousness. Pennartz traces the problem back to its historical foundations and connects early ideas to contemporary computational neuroscience. What can we learn from neural network models, and where do they fall short in bridging the gap between neurons and conscious experiences? How can neural models of cognition help us define requirements for conscious processing in the brain? These questions underlie Pennartzs examination of the brains anatomy and neurophysiology. This analysis is not limited to visual perception but broadened to include other sensory modalities and their integration. Formulating a representational theory, Pennartz outlines properties that complex neural structures
This tweet is a standard rejoinder to the atheist who says she doesnt have enough faith to be a Christian (or a theist). And Strobel definitely has a point. The popular idea that atheism simply consists of belief in one less claim than does the theist (or several less than the Christian) is misleading at best.. To return to an example Ive oft used in the past, consider the contrast between the realist and the idealist. The realist believes that there are human minds and also an external world that corresponds to the conscious experiences of those minds. By contrast, the idealist insists that all we need to accept is human minds and their conscious experiences. There is no need to posit an external world of physical stuff (trees, houses, physical human bodies, stars, etc.) that corresponds to that conscious experience.. If I told you that idealism requires less faith than realism because it involves belief in one less thing - the external world - youd immediately recognize that my claim was ...
This book brings together an international group of neuroscientists and philosophers who are investigating how the content of subjective experience is correlated with events in the brain. The fundamental methodological problem in consciousness research is the subjectivity of the target phenomenon -- the fact that conscious experience, under standard conditions, is always tied to an individual, first-person perspective. The core empirical question is whether and how physical states of the human nervous system can be mapped onto the content of conscious experience. The search for the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC) has become a highly active field of investigation in recent years. Methods such as single-cell recording in monkeys and brain imaging and electrophysiology in humans, applied to such phenomena as blindsight, implicit/explicit cognition, and binocular rivalry, have generated a wealth of data. The same period has seen the development of a number of theories about NCC location. This
The mind-body problem has been in the news lately. A couple of weeks ago, Time magazine had a special issue on mind and brain, with a lead story by Steven Pinker on the mystery of consciousness, along with brief sidebar articles on consciousness by Bernard Baars, Dan Dennett, Antonio Damasio, Michael Gazzaniga, Colin McGinn. Now the New Yorker has just published a long article by Larissa MacFarquhar on Pat and Paul Churchland (not online, unfortunately), with a lot of nice biographical and sociological background and some philosophical discussion along the way. I talked to Larissa for this article a year or two ago, when it was a general article on the problem of consciousness, and a fair amount of philosophical background on consciousness has survived into the final version.
Browse stories and reviews on Anobii of Conversations on Consciousness written by Susan Blackmore, published by Oxford University Press in format Paperback
Your brain doesnt care who you are. Your brain probably doesnt even know you exist. So how does consciousness arise from the aggregate of trillions of cells, none of which (we think) are conscious? Im no expert in psychology, philosophy, neuroscience or any other field for that matter. One, two or thirty Google searches later and Im still no expert. Its a real big banger of a question. It is the hard problem. Do our brains create consciousness? How do we have consciousness? First of all, what is consciousness? We only ever have access to one consciousness - our own. We canonly see the physiological and behavioural correlates of others consciousness - attention, self-awareness, comprehension and so on. All consciousness that is not our own is inferred from behaviour. We consider other people as conscious only because they seem conscious. Consciousness is an immaterial thing, so we cannot observe it. Because it is an inherently subjective experience, its impossible to define it with third ...
Consciousness means being awake, alert and responsive with the environment.[1] The definition of consciousness may differ in psychology, neuroscience, philosophy and other related sciences.. Consciousness is a spectrum. There are several states between a fully conscious state and a fully unconscious state. In medicine, the degree of loss of consciousness is measured by using Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS); a score between 3 and 15 is given to each person at any time, to show how conscious he or she is. Higher scores show more conscious states.. The opposite of consciousness is subconsciousness/unconscious mind. This means people do things that are instinctive and do not think about them like breathing and making ones heart beat.. It is not known what causes consciousness. So, it is difficult to know if another person or thing is indeed conscious.[2] For example, if a robot seems to react to its environment, how does one know if it has consciousness (see artificial life)?. ...
My old friend Andy and I have two theories for what accounts for consciousness: Andy says his impressionistic idea of consciousness is that it is characteristic of sophisticated nervous systems and thus diminishes down the phylogenetic scale. In his view, consciousness is a consequence of a nervous systems myriad sensory input, making any creature down the phylogenetic scale less conscious than those up that scale. My only argument with his theory is that it is too narrow. For me, consciousness feels a great deal deeper. I think of consciousness, especially the synchronous, spontaneous moment-to-moment experience side of consciousness, as a consequence of quantum weirdness. Deep down quantum non-locality tunes the individuals consciousness into all of it - cosmic consciousness I guess youd say. Isnt this why, as chapter 21 puts it, As a thing the way is Shadowy, indistinct.. Andy maintains that the more sophisticated the nervous system, the more conscious. Conversely, I say everything ...
The science of consciousness is founded on identifying the minimally sufficient neural correlates of consciousness. However, I have argued that science really seeks identification of the neural constitution of consciousness, and that there are no empirical strategies for distinguishing the correlates and constitution of consciousness. Here I review this correlation/constitution distinction problem, drawing on recording, inhibition, stimulation and combined inhibition/stimulation approaches. I propose the Jenga analogy to explain why the minimally sufficient neural correlates of consciousness should not be considered the ultimate target of consciousness science. I then show how combined inhibition/stimulation strategies might identify some constitutive neural activities but not the whole constitution of consciousness. Clarifications, objections and related issues are also discussed and I propose new foundational claims for consciousness science.
Deepen your understanding of quantum physics and expanded states of awareness with Quantum Consciousness, an enlightening guide that helps you pull science and spirituality closer together. This book invites you to tour alternate realities, parallel lives, interdimensional consciousness, and even the very fabric of the universe. Specially emphasized are four aspects of quantum consciousness-the Creator Effect, Intanglement, Everywhereness, and Holographic Healing. Youll also find a detailed exploration of the various realms of consciousness, including stored consciousness, alternate consciousness, parallel consciousness, and interdimensional consciousness. Quantum Consciousness helps you make life-changing discovers and move past the limitations of your current mindset.. ...
The Access Consciousness services and all information, content, materials, products (including software) and other services included on or otherwise made available to you through the Access Consciousness services are provided by Access Consciousness on an as is and as available basis, unless otherwise specified in writing. Access Consciousness makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, as to the operation of the Access Consciousness services, or the information, content, materials, products (including software) or other services included on or otherwise made available to you through the Access Consciousness services, unless otherwise specified in writing. You expressly agree that your use of the Access Consciousness services is at your sole risk.. To the full extent permissible by applicable law, Access Consciousness disclaims all warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular ...
Your nature is the consciousness, in which the whole world wells up, like waves in the sea.. ~ Ashtavakra Gita. Consciousness is the greatest mystery ever encountered by humanity.. Mystics of all traditions have described consciousness as the ground of being in which the dance of life unfolds. Each tradition has developed different approaches and practices to explore the nature of consciousness, the paths of meditation, inquiry, prayer, art, mantras and movement…. Today the main lens through which our culture understands reality is science. For the past century science has viewed consciousness as something generated by the brain, yet there are major problems with this assumption. A new scientific paradigm is emerging which views consciousness as fundamental. Consciousness cannot be explained in terms of the existing laws of space, time, mass and energy. A new science has to be developed, a science that can accept consciousness as universal while investigating the connections between the ...
Your nature is the consciousness, in which the whole world wells up, like waves in the sea. ~ Ashtavakra Gita. Consciousness is the greatest mystery ever encountered by humanity.. Mystics of all traditions have described consciousness as the ground of being in which the dance of life unfolds. Each tradition has developed different approaches and practices to explore the nature of consciousness, the paths of meditation, inquiry, prayer, art, mantras and movement…. Today the main lens through which our culture understands reality is science. For the past century science has viewed consciousness as something generated by the brain, yet there are major problems with this assumption. A new scientific paradigm is emerging which views consciousness as fundamental. Consciousness cannot be explained in terms of the existing laws of space, time, mass and energy. A new science has to be developed, a science that can accept consciousness as universal while investigating the connections between the ...
Conscious-Robots.com is an Internet portal dedicated to the scientific research in Machine Consciousness. This field of artificial intelligence is very much related to cognitive robotics, and the following terms are often used as synonyms: Artificial Consciousness, Synthetic Consciousness and Robot Consciousness. Although much more detailed definitions can be found in these web pages, we could briefly define Machine Consciousness as the research on producing consciousness in an artificial device (like a robot) using engineering techniques. Understanding human consciousness is a great challenge, hence Machine Consciousness problem is even harder. There is no doubt that these problems have to be addressed from multiple disciplines. This site aim to follow this multidisciplinary approach including information and resources from many fields, from philosophy to genetic programming ...
Christophe Menant writes, Let me inform you about a submission I just made to AAAI fall 2007 Symposium on AI and Consciousness. Title is Proposal for an Approach to Artificial Consciousness Based on Self-Consciousness (PDF format). It is close to [robots.net] posts made last year on Robot anxiety and consciousness. Feel free to comment. For those not familiar with Menants research, he proposes that consciousness (in the phenomenal sense) evolved from self-consciousness, which in turn evolved from self-representation. He believes using self-consciousness rather than phenomenal consciousness as a reference model will be a more productive route to developing artificial consciousness. This could also lead to interesting new ideas for robot perception and behavior ...
Would it be worth summarising what the issues are about this topic? Ill have a go, and perhaps we can reach some consensus:. 1) The epimestological question of whether artificial consciousness is possible or whether the term is an oxymoron, i.e. that by definition consciousness cannot be artificial because it wouldnt then be consciousness at all. To get around this, we either have to remove the need for thought from the definition of consciousness or change the title of the piece to simulated concsiousness.. 2) The question of whether consciousness or indeed artificial consciousness necessarily requires a predictive capability, as suggested in the original article. Evidence from alternative sources should be provided to justify the original claim, and I have suggested that the alternative of anticipation should be included to cover his requirement.. 3) The question of whether it is possible to define an average human for the purposes of setting criteria against which to measure the ...
Use this unique QR (Quick Response) code with your smart device. The code will save the url of this webpage to the device for mobile sharing and storage ...
As may be apparent from the discussion thus far, a perusal of current literature on consciousness shows no consideration of the distinction, and thus no apparent inclination on the part of writers to be concerned with it or to think that what must be clarified before a consideration of how. Indeed, writers on consciousness launch their inquiries straightaway, even sometimes specifying in the beginning what consciousness is in terms that beg the question of saying just what it is - e.g., we can say that a mental state is conscious if it has a qualitative feel. . . . The problem of explaining these phenomenal qualities is just the problem of explaining consciousness (Chalmers, 1996, p. 4). The muddle strongly suggests that clarification of the distinction requires an acknowledgment of what is called the hermeneutic circle. In classic terms, one already understands that which one is on the way to interpreting; and conversely, one has already interpreted that which one has already understood. In ...
The claim that language is in principle inaccessible to consciousness may look counterintuitive but is not as challenging as finding an answer to the subsequent question of why that must be the case -- if language is a function that is in the service of consciousness and we cannot imagine why language would have existed at all without the existence of consciousness. On the one hand, language is the cognitive capacity that seems best fit to support consciousness in its monitoring and control functions; on the other hand, language learning (learning the rules of ones own language), language structure and language processing turn out upon closer scrutiny to be in principle inaccessible to consciousness. I present a set of arguments in favour of the thesis that language is in principle inaccessible to consciousness on the basis of a set of asymmetries between sentence structure and the structure of consciousness. If the thesis in question is on the right track, we have to face two basic problems. ...
Assigning Consciousness. Even when DOS is highly optimized, LB does not assign consciousness to sensory data, but goes through the extra step of passing on intensity values sent to it by sensory receptors to VP, based on which, VP assigns consciousness.. The reason for the same is that besides sensory data, which are physical phenomena, judgements are also needed for intramural communication, i.e. thoughts, which are mental phenomena, where VP needs to consider different aspects of intramural communication using its capabilities of utilizing past data and future projections in order to make decisions and finalize executions, and thus, need consciousness to be assigned. In simple words, VP needs to assign consciousness to both, physical sensations and thoughts.. To identify them separately while explaining their workings, when VP assigns consciousness to sensory data, I will call it Sensory Consciousness, when it assigns to intramural communication, I will call it Intramural ...
My name is Stephanie Richardson. Ive been using the tools of Access Consciousness since the moment I heard the first tool in 2011. One of the things that inspires me about Access Consciousness is that it allows me to address the practical, everyday things that come up... but it also allows me to address the issues that are going on in the world that I care about. So many of the leaders, teachers and masters on the planet talk about us needing a change in consciousness, a change in consciousness is required for us to survive and flourish, they say.... Access Consciousness gives anyone who uses the tools the possibilitiy to have that change in consciousness for themselves. That change in consciousness is as contagious as a smile and the tools are as simple as asking a question and having the willingness to make a new choice.. My life was fine... Id done a lot of work... but I was ready for something greater... what about you?. ...
An exciting and emerging area of study, Consciousness Studies focus on the transformative experiences, practices and beliefs of many cultural, religious, spiritual, and psychotherapeutic traditions. The Consciousness Studies Concentration, available to students enrolled in any of the degree options within the Goddard Graduate Institute, is an interdisciplinary education that draws upon a number of disciplines, including the neurosciences, philosophy of mind, anthropology of consciousness, Jungian psychology, religious studies, psychology, the arts and the humanities.. Students pursuing the Consciousness Studies Concentration develop an integrated understanding of the origin, evolution, and expansion of human consciousness. The emphasis at Goddard is on developing an interdisciplinary approach to the study of consciousness that is open to a range of perspectives from the scientific to the transpersonal.. Our integral approach to the study of consciousness honors equally:. ...
loss of consciousness - MedHelps loss of consciousness Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for loss of consciousness. Find loss of consciousness information, treatments for loss of consciousness and loss of consciousness symptoms.
Seeking what is true is not seeking what is desirable. If in order to elude the anxious question: What would life be? one must, like the donkey, feed on the roses of illusion, then the absurd mind, rather than resigning itself to falsehood, prefers to adopt fearlessly Kierkegaards reply: despair. Everything considered, a determined soul will always manage.. […]. From the evening breeze to this hand on my shoulder, everything has its truth. Consciousness illuminates it by paying attention to it. Consciousness does not form the object of its understanding, it merely focuses, it is the act of attention, and, to borrow a Bergsonian image, it resembles the projector that suddenly focuses on an image. The difference is that there is no scenario, but a successive and incoherent illustration. In that magic lantern all the pictures are privileged. Consciousness suspends in experience the objects of its attention. Through its miracle it isolates them. Henceforth they are beyond all judgments. This ...
In clinical neurology, a comprehensive understanding of consciousness has been regarded as an abstract concept - best left to philosophers. However, times are changing and the need to clinically assess consciousness is increasingly becoming a real-world, practical challenge. Current methods for evaluating altered levels of consciousness are highly reliant on either behavioural measures or anatomical imaging. While these methods have some utility, estimates of misdiagnosis are worrisome (as high as 43%) - clearly this is a major clinical problem. The solution must involve objective, physiologically based measures that do not rely on behaviour. This paper reviews recent advances in physiologically based measures that enable better evaluation of consciousness states (coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, and locked in syndrome). Based on the evidence to-date, electroencephalographic and neuroimaging based assessments of consciousness provide valuable information for evaluation of residual
In the Garden of Eden, Adam and Eve simultaneously inhabit two worlds two worlds intersect in the Garden. In the one world, the world God originally intended, the Garden is part of a larger world that is perfect and includes no natural evils. In the other world, the world that became corrupt through natural evils that God brought about by acting preemptively to anticipate the Fall, the Garden is a safe haven that in the conscious experience of Adam and Eve (i.e., phenomenologically) matches up exactly with their conscious experience in the perfect world, the one God originally intended. In the originally intended world, there are no pathogenic microbes and, correspondingly, there is no need for Adam and Eve to have an immune system that wards off these microbes. In the imperfect world, whose imperfection results from God acting preemptively to anticipate the Fall, both pathogenic microbes and human immune systems exist. Yet, in their garden experience, Adam and Eve never become conscious of that ...
In the Garden of Eden, Adam and Eve simultaneously inhabit two worlds two worlds intersect in the Garden. In the one world, the world God originally intended, the Garden is part of a larger world that is perfect and includes no natural evils. In the other world, the world that became corrupt through natural evils that God brought about by acting preemptively to anticipate the Fall, the Garden is a safe haven that in the conscious experience of Adam and Eve (i.e., phenomenologically) matches up exactly with their conscious experience in the perfect world, the one God originally intended. In the originally intended world, there are no pathogenic microbes and, correspondingly, there is no need for Adam and Eve to have an immune system that wards off these microbes. In the imperfect world, whose imperfection results from God acting preemptively to anticipate the Fall, both pathogenic microbes and human immune systems exist. Yet, in their garden experience, Adam and Eve never become conscious of that ...
This award-winning, nine unit course (The Neuronal Basis of Consciousness), taught in the spring of each year at Caltech, is concerned with the correlates of consciousness in the brain. The course focuses on the anatomy, physiology and psychology of sensory consciousness in the mammalian brain, in particular visual perception. Other topics include coma and other disturbances of consciousness, clinical case studies (e.g., prosopagnosia, neglect), attention, memory, zombie systems, free will and some philosophical questions of interest to the student of consciousness.. With the help of Leila Reddy, a graduate student in the Koch laboratory, and Leslie Maxfield and her team from Academic Media Technologies at Caltech, these lectures have been filmed, edited and put online.. They are organized into 16 lectures, each about one hour. They follow the textbook by the lecturer, Christof Koch (with much help from his close colleague and mentor, Francis Crick), The Quest for Consciousness - A ...
Principal Investigator:Takahata Keisuke, Project Period (FY):2013-04-01 - 2016-03-31, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B), Research Field:Psychiatric science
To make it more wild, critical capabilities within just each story is they have the same Tips of Totems to differentiate fact vs . a dream and Kicks to wake the consumer through the desire. I take pleasure in the premise of both of those tales as they invoke the audience to think about all the chances that could come about inside of a desire. And also to relate in the direction of authentic daily life phenomenons including the feeling of falling and out of the blue waking up is curiously intriguing. I say theres no disgrace to getting inspiration from other stories and to take a look at the uncharted secret of desires is a ten in my ebook. ...
I dont think consciousness is in the brain. The brain receives consciousness. Consciousness is probably a non-local function of the space-time continuum and every individual brain is an individual receiver. Just like the world is full of television signals and each television set is a receiver. The delusion that you are in your body is a primitive, savage kind of logic, taking the data of perception at face value, similar to the delusion that Johnny Carson is inside your television set. Johnny Carson is not in your television set. Johnny Carson is in Hollywood. Your television set just receives Johnny Carsons signals. And consciousness is not in the brain, the brain just receives signals from the vast undifferentiated ocean of consciousness that makes up the space-time continuum. -Robert Anton Wilson. The faculty of consciousness can be likened to the light from a video projector. The projector shines light on to a screen, modifying the light so as to produce any one of an infinity of ...
In this series, DaBen teaches you how to greatly expand your consciousness and become aware of a greater you that spans many dimensions, and leads you to experience states that have been described by others as enlightened. You will be guided to explore omni-presence where you can put your consciousness many places at once, have multiple perspectives, and move into states of flow and radiance that can transform all the energies about you, including your thoughts, emotions, body, and situations in your life. It is also highly recommended that you complete the Radiance: Self-Exciting course prior to taking the Building Consciousness series. This is a wonderful course to expand your Light Body Consciousness skills, and can be taken before or after the Light Body Consciousness courses. Prerequisites To understand DaBens instructions and experience the wonderful expanded states of consciousness he offers, you need to be an Awakening Your Light Body graduate with knowledge of the 7 vibrational ...
WHAT IS CONSCIOUSNESS ? Consciousness is described as a state of knowing, or awareness, or recognizing the existence, truth, or fact of something. What is that something that is known or recognized by Consciousness ? I propose to explore the contents of Consciousness to answer the question of what is Consciousness ? CONSCIOUSNESS IS A…
There is one sense in which our consciousness, say of our surroundings, can vary continuously: the content of the consciousness can vary pretty much continuously in terms of the level of detail and discrimination. After waking up, I come to be aware more determinately of what is around me, after all. This is an uninteresting (from the point of view of my present interest) form of continuous variation of consciousness. The interesting form of continuous variation would be where the content is fixed, but somehow the degree of consciousness varies. It is hard to imagine what fixed-content variation in the level of consciousness would be like. I would be aware of exactly the same detail, but differently. More vibrantly? More focusedly or more concentratedly? Focus and concentration are a promising start. But it seems to me that less or concentrated focused consciousness does at least tend to have a lower level of detail of content. When I concentrate on a part of the visual field, I see more detail ...
Of course, ultimately, when your soul raises its consciousness enough it will reintegrate with its Over-Soul. Thereby ceasing Incarnation, becoming a seamless part of its Over-Soul, and contributing to the evolution of the Over-Souls consciousness - which is good because your Over-Soul is essentially thehigher/wider level of you!. NOTE: Much of the information in this article comes from The Ascension Papers - Book 1 andBook 2. If you find this article interesting then I highly recommend these books and other information produced by its author, Zingdad.. What Are Densities of Consciousness?. You may be wondering where the term densities which was used in the title of this article comes from and how it applies to levels of consciousness. Density is a term that has come into common usage to refer to the levels/states of consciousness. The origin of this term is a bit obscure and confusing. Densities are related to the level of consciousness, and the frequency level, at which a reality is created ...
Illuminated Consciousness Acceleration. What is the shortest distance between your dreams and your everyday reality……..the answer?….Consciousness Acceleration When you accelerate the movement of your consciousness through space-time, you gain the ability to manifest your dreams and desires more quickly and effectively. For most people consciousness moves very slowly or not at all.. We have heard your prayers….you want more out of life….you want real power… …you want us to really help you in a way that more of you can afford…. This release is the first in a series of new consciousness accelerating texts that will effectively help you to enrich, empower, and accelerate your consciousness in a real way. These text will come delivered as a E-Book so it is downloadable to your computer or device.. They will be priced at $9.95…..and they are protected by the gods…..they will know if you attempt to obtain or use one without buying it for yourself….in which case, the energy will ...
A great way to understand consciousness is to study those that increase consciousness in others.. A mother who cajoles and exchanges smiles with her baby. A teacher who transmits knowledge. A neurologist who awakens a comatose by electrostimulations. A mystic who shares holist ideas.. There are many ways to define an increase in consciousness. Is there anything in common in all these ways that helps us to understand what consciousness is fundamentally?. Each way is anchored in a different level of information. This is why the consciences they describe appear so dissimilar. The only thing in common is the actual increase in consciousness, regardless of the medium of information.. This common feature is the addition of additional levels of information. We readily call this phenomenon an enlargement of consciousness. But its more of a stack. Higher-level information synthesizes previous ones.. The baby includes more elaborate signals from the mother. The teacher allows his students to access a ...
Definition of consciousness in the online dictionary, Lexipedia. The meaning of consciousness. What does consciousness mean? consciousness synonyms, consciousness antonyms. Information about consciousness in the free online dictionary and thesaurus.
consciousness - MedHelps consciousness Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for consciousness. Find consciousness information, treatments for consciousness and consciousness symptoms.
In recent years, the primary focus of many philosophers of mind (though not Fodor) has shifted to consciousness. And a growing number of philosophers, attempting to exploit some of the advances of the previous decades work on intentionality, are advocating representational theories of consciousness. Representationalists have spent much time defending their characteristic thesis (RT) and have devoted much effort to some of the peculiar problems facing theories of consciousness (examples: inverted spectrum, absent qualia). They have expended precious little energy answering more basic questions like What makes a conscious state a conscious state?, What conditions are necessary and sufficient for consciousness?, and What can be said on behalf of the naturalization of consciousness? It is my suspicion, fuelled by the remarks of Armstrong, Lycan and Levine quoted in the paper, that representationalists have thought that these problems are solved (or at least reduced to the corresponding ...
What links conscious experience of pain, joy, color, and smell to bioelectrical activity in the brain? How can anything physical give rise to nonphysical, subjective, conscious states? Christof Koch has devoted much of his career to bridging the seemingly unbridgeable gap between the physics of the brain and phenomenal experience. In this BIT, Koch argues that consciousness is a fundamental property of networked entities, and rhapsodizes about integrated information theory-how it explains many puzzling facts about consciousness and provides a blueprint for building sentient machines.. ...
Beyond time and space. Lanza is an expert in regenerative medicine and scientific director of Advanced Cell Technology Company.. Biocentrism teaches that life and consciousness are fundamental to the universe. It is consciousness that creates the material universe, not the other way around.. Lanza says that we carry space and time around with us like turtles with shells. meaning that when the shell comes off (space and time), we still exist.. The theory implies that death of consciousness simply does not exist. It only exists as a thought because people identify themselves with their body. In fact, consciousness exists outside of constraints of time and space. It is able to be anywhere: in the human body and outside of it. In other words, it is non-local in the same sense that quantum objects are non-local.. Lanza also believes that multiple universes can exist simultaneously. In one universe, the body can be dead. And in another it continues to exist, absorbing consciousness, which migrated ...
Tim Parks: Riccardo, what do we mean when we say consciousness? Are we talking about perceptive experience, memory, thought, trains of thought, or mental life in general?. Riccardo Manzotti: For most people consciousness will have various meanings and include awareness, self-awareness, thinking in language. But for philosophers and neuroscientists the crucial meaning is that of feeling something, having a feeling you might say, or an experience. An easy way to think about it would be pain. Instinctively we all agree that feeling a pain is something. Its an experience. That is why we dont like to hurt animals, because we have good reason to suspect that they feel what happens to them. And this feeling of what happens to us characterizes our existence. The technical term is phenomenal experience, or again conscious experience, but frankly both sound a tad redundant since experience is always something we feel.. Parks: I remember David Chalmers, a philosopher well no doubt be talking ...
Self Awareness. Thinking also allows us to think about our conscious experience. We are aware not only of the many aspects and qualities of our consciousness, but also of the fact that we are conscious. We are aware that we are aware -- conscious of the faculty of consciousness. As we observe our own inner experience, we feel there must be an experiencer, a self who is having all these experiences, making all these decisions, and thinking these thoughts. We have used language to label just about everything else in our world of experience, so it seems a natural step to give this self, whatever it was, a label. We called it I. But what was this self? What was it like? Where could it be? The Scottish philosopher David Hume spent considerable time looking within, trying to find something that was his own true self. But all he found were various thoughts, sensations, images and feelings. The reason he never found the self was that he was looking in the wrong place; he was looking in the realm of ...
Consciousness is arguably the most important scientific topic there is. Without consciousness, there would after all be no science. But while we all know what it is like to be conscious-meaning that we have personal awareness and respond to the world around us-it has turned out to be near impossible to explain exactly how it arises from the hardware of the brain. This is dubbed the hard problem of consciousness.. Solving the hard problem is a matter of great scientific curiosity. But so far, we havent even solved the easy problems of explaining which brain systems give rise to conscious experiences in general-in humans or other animals. This is of huge clinical importance. Disorders of consciousness are a common consequence of severe brain injury and include comas and vegetative states. And we all experience temporary loss of awareness when under anesthesia during an operation.. In a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, we have now shown that conscious ...
Many theistic apologists have claimed that the existence of non-physical consciousness proves the existence of God. However, this is by no means obvious. In contemporary philosophy, the most prominent defenders of non-physical consciousness are atheists. This is true of both John Searle and David Chalmers. Other examples of nontheistic philosophers who reject the physicalist view of consciousness are Thomas Nagel and Paul Draper. At the popular level this view has been promoted by Sam Harris. What theists need is an argument that consciousness is evidence for the existence of God, but they rarely bother to try to give such an argument. Stewart Goetz and Charles Taliaferro have claimed to present such an argument, but they seem to be stuck in the same confusions as other theists. For example, they talk about restrict[ing] ourselves... to the explanatory framework of an ideal physics with mass and energy, which misses the point, because this is not the approach taken by philosophers such as ...
Many theistic apologists have claimed that the existence of non-physical consciousness proves the existence of God. However, this is by no means obvious. In contemporary philosophy, the most prominent defenders of non-physical consciousness are atheists. This is true of both John Searle and David Chalmers. Other examples of nontheistic philosophers who reject the physicalist view of consciousness are Thomas Nagel and Paul Draper. At the popular level this view has been promoted by Sam Harris. What theists need is an argument that consciousness is evidence for the existence of God, but they rarely bother to try to give such an argument. Stewart Goetz and Charles Taliaferro have claimed to present such an argument, but they seem to be stuck in the same confusions as other theists. For example, they talk about restrict[ing] ourselves... to the explanatory framework of an ideal physics with mass and energy, which misses the point, because this is not the approach taken by philosophers such as ...
The Center for Consciousness Studies (CCS) at the University of Arizona was established in 1997 by the Arizona Board of Regents. CCS is hosted by the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Arizona College of Medicine.. Toward a Science of Consciousness is the largest and longest-running interdisciplinary conference emphasizing broad and rigorous approaches to the study of conscious awareness probing fundamental questions related to conscious experience. Topical areas include neuroscience, philosophy, psychology, biology, quantum physics, meditation and altered states, machine consciousness, culture and experiential phenomenology and contemplative approaches. Toward a Science of Consciousness (TSC) is presented by the Center for Consciousness Studies (CCS) at the University of Arizona, and alternates yearly between Tucson, Ariz. (even-numbered years, from 1994 including 1999 Quantum Mind in Flagstaff and 2003 Quantum Mind in Tucson and various locations around the world (odd-numbered ...
Theres lots of interesting work around on the psychology, neuroscience and philosophy of consciousness at the moment, including issues to do with volition and free will. I sometimes make the observation to my students when we discuss consciousness and the brain that our consciousness is at the centre of almost all that matters to us as humans,…
A Consciousness at the Crossroads - Conversations and the Dalai Lama on Brain Science and Buddhism (magyarul: Találkozások a tudattal - párbeszédek és a dalai láma az agytudományról és a buddhizmusról) című könyv a Tudat és Élet intézet által szervezett második tudományos megbeszélést (1989) foglalja össze. A könyv témája a nyugati és a buddhista tudomány tudattal kapcsolatos ismeretei. A könyv alapját kiemelkedő nyugati tudósok és a 14. dalai láma, Tendzin Gyaco különleges beszélgetése szolgáltatja. Vajon a tudat csupán az emberi agy fizikai folyamatainak tiszavirág életű mellékhatása? Léteznek vajon olyan finom tudatformák, amelyeket a tudomány még nem volt képes azonosítani? Hogyan történik a tudat? A dalai láma nyitott szellemű, találó észrevételei egyfelől kihívások elé állítják a nyugati tudósokat, másfelől inspirációt is szolgáltatnak számukra. A könyv elsősorban erről a párbeszédről, valamint intenzív és ...
More than 60,000 people trust Individualogist as the leading resource for archetypes and individuation. The Universal Consciousness Unknown Binding - January 1, 2009 See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions Inspire a love of … Your consciousness has very deep, eternal meaning that cannot be measured with a ruler, and so all scientific studies will miss that part of the picture. For what reason am I here? T I It is fundamental, truly! Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of consciousness. Furthermore, you are additionally associated with all that you hate and dread. G One of them is the book entitled SACRED SEXUALITY: ANCIENT EGYPTIAN TANTRA YOGA: The Art of Sex Sublimation and Universal Consciousness (English Edition) By Muata Ashby. L This course is an Introduction to Universal Consciousness. Explore Urdupoint dictionary to find out more meanings, definitions, synonyms and antonyms of the word Gain Consciousness. Evaluating Consciousness in Clinical ...
It is important to note that our use of the term Art here is very general and includes all forms of art, i.e., music, dance, film, painting, sculptor, and so on.. Consciousness is always present in any experience of any kind so when art is being appreciated, consciousness is present. Art is an integral part of human experience so we want to explore its intersection with consciousness - the ground of human experience.. Consciousness, our true nature, is permanence - that from which we arise is ever present - here&now … it is here more than we are. An artist attempts to capture/express the permanence through our inherent impermanence - through all the elements of our objective existence. Art helps us express the inexpressible.. An artist uses …the elements of the objective world, the appearance of all her changes, to explore and reveal that which is changeless, the thrill of her permanence… ~ Rupert Spira from Daphne Astors conversation with Rupert Spira on Consciousness and the ...
Of course we have independent means of determining whether or not something has moral value. That is why we know that the suggestion that a turnip has greater moral value than a human child is absurd. We know, just as an example, that being a subject of conscious states is relevant to whether something has moral value. (And one reason for this is that the capacity for consciousness is a requirement for the capacity of being the subject of states, such as pleasure and pain, that have intrinsic value). So, we know, on this basis, that if the detector indicates that something that is incapable of conscious experience (say, a turnip) has more value than something that is capable of conscious experience (a child), then the detector is not detecting value. ...
This book presents a comprehensive theory of consciousness. The initial chapter distinguishes six main forms of consciousness and sketches an account of each one. Later chapters focus on phenomenal consciousness, consciousness of, and introspective consciousness. In discussing phenomenal consciousness, Hill develops the representational theory of mind in new directions, arguing that all awareness involves representations, even awareness of qualitative states like pain. He then uses this view to undercut dualistic accounts of qualitative states. Other topics include visual awareness, visual appearances, emotional qualia, and meta-cognitive processing. This important work will interest a wide readership of students and scholars in philosophy of mind and cognitive science ...
STUART R. HAMEROFF, MD Director, Center for Consciousness Studies. Professor Emeritus. Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine,. University of Arizona and Department of Psychology. Quantum Consciousness Theorist & Researcher. Banner - University Medical Center Tucson. [email protected] Research Interests:. Consciousness studies, quantum mechanical/general relativity approaches to consciousness, protein conformational dynamics, molecular mechanisms of anesthetic gas molecules, information processing in cytoskeletal microtubules, quantum information science, essential features of living systems, nanotechnology, nanomedicine, philosophical pan-protopsychism, coherence and decoherence.. Background to Stuart Hameroffs interest in Consciousness Research. Stuart Hameroff, MD - Anesthesiologist, Professor and Researcher joined the faculty at University Medical Center in 1977. Dr. Hameroffs research for 35 years has involved consciousness (how the pinkish gray meat between our ears ...
View Notes - Consciousness and Sleep_BB from PSYC 101 at South Carolina. States of Consciousness Overview Waking Consciousness Sleep and Dreams Hypnosis Drugs and Consciousness Introduction Forms
This is the fourth volume of Velmans, M. (ed.) (2018) Consciousness (Critical Concepts in Psychology), a 4-volume collection of Major Works on Consciousness commissioned by Routledge, London. The introduction and 22 readings begin with a review of mental influences on states of the body and brain (psychogenesis), which are often thought of as theoretically problematic for conventional materialist theories of mind. The evidence is nevertheless extensive, for example in psychosomatic illnesses and studies of the physiological consequences of meditation, imagery, biofeedback and hypnosis. Such effects are also central to developments in psychoneuroimmunology and studies of placebos, dealing not only with how to control for such effects in clinical trials, but with how such effects operate, and how to harness them for the benefit of patients. The volume then surveys altered states of consciousness, including the conditions for their emergence, their adaptive as well as maladaptive potential, and the ...
Gregory Hickok writes: In 1890, the American psychologist William James famously likened our conscious experience to the flow of a stream. A river or a stream are the metaphors by which it is most naturally described, he wrote. In talking of it hereafter, lets call it the stream of thought, consciousness, or subjective life.. While there is no disputing the aptness of this metaphor in capturing our subjective experience of the world, recent research has shown that the stream of consciousness is, in fact, an illusion. We actually perceive the world in rhythmic pulses rather than as a continuous flow.. Some of the first hints of this new understanding came as early as the 1920s, when physiologists discovered brain waves: rhythmic electrical currents measurable on the surface of the scalp by means of electroencephalography. Subsequent research cataloged a spectrum of such rhythms (alpha waves, delta waves and so on) that correlated with various mental states, such as calm alertness and ...
Unfortunately I didnt mention perhaps the key element into what happens to consciousness at conception. Through the genes of DNA there is a connection to the experiences, and so perhaps also the experiencing or consciousness, of all the ancestors that had that gene. Now a drama for the body is also a drama for consciousness, so that extreme pain will cause a block in consciousness, as well as physical repression in the brain and epigenetic changes. There is then an enormous amount of blockage that needs to be cleared, in the form of all those ancestral traumatic experiences which we are connected to via our DNA ...
Over the past three decades, the challenge that conscious experience poses to physicalism--the widely held view that the universe is a completely physical system--has provoked a growing debate in philosophy of mind studies and given rise to a great deal of literature on the subject. Ideal for courses in consciousness and the philosophy of mind, Consciousness and the Mind-Body Problem: A Reader presents thirty-six classic and
Over the past three decades, the challenge that conscious experience poses to physicalism--the widely held view that the universe is a completely physical system--has provoked a growing debate in philosophy of mind studies and given rise to a great deal of literature on the subject. Ideal for courses in consciousness and the philosophy of mind, Consciousness and the Mind-Body Problem: A Reader presents thirty-six classic and
There occurred in the twentieth century the most remarkable episode in the whole history of ideas-the whole history of human thought. A number of thinkers denied the existence of something we know with certainty to exist: consciousness, conscious experience. Others held back from the Denial, but claimed that it might be true-a claim no less remarkable than the Denial. It is instructive to document some aspects of this episode, with particular reference to the rise of philosophical behaviourism, and the (connected) rise of a conception of naturalism that transformed the doctrine of materialism from a consciousness affirming-view into a consciousness-denying view. There is then a further task: to try to explain how it is possible that intelligent human beings should come to deny the existence of something that certainly exists.. ...
How far will you go to save your only daughters life? Is there a limit? Help Owen Wright rescue his daughter from the clutches of the Lonely Hearts Killer, the mysterious figure who kidnaps and murders people who have suffered a love gone wrong. Unrav...Play Free Brink of Consciousness: The Lonely Hearts Murders Game, Play Free Online Brink of Consciousness: The Lonely Hearts Murders Game, Free Download Brink of Consciousness: The Lonely Hearts Murders, Brink of Consciousness: The Lonely Hearts Murders Cheats, Games Cheat
In science we have the knowledge becoming finer and finer. From large objects to molecules to atoms to electrons, protons, neutrons to leptons, mesons, quarks, bosons etc. to tiny strings. At this point, in my knowledge the presence of strings is not experimentally verified. However, even if it is verified, another question would come up as to from where are these strings coming up. As existing questions are answered, new questions come up without answers.. Finding ultimate truth via science looks like a mirage, the closer we go, farther it recedes.​​. The final answer that can be found via looking inwards is that everything is made up of consciousness. Now, if somebody asks how did consciousness come into existence, the answer is that only consciousness can ask this question as an inert thing cannot ask this question. So, the questioner himself is consciousness and the question is also taking place in consciousness. There is no question of when as there is nothing else but ...
Civilization rests on a series of successful conversations. -Sam Harris. Sam Harris-neuroscientist, philosopher, and bestselling author-has been exploring some of the most important questions about the human mind, society, and current events on his podcast, Making Sense. With over one million downloads per episode, these discussions have clearly hit a nerve, frequently walking a tightrope where either host or guest-and sometimes both-lose their footing, but always in search of a greater understanding of the world in which we live. For Harris, honest conversation, no matter how difficult or controversial, represents the only path to moral and intellectual progress.. This book includes a dozen of the best conversations from Making Sense, including talks with Daniel Kahneman, Timothy Snyder, Nick Bostrom, and Glenn Loury, on topics that range from the nature of consciousness and free will, to politics and extremism, to living ethically. Together they shine a light on what it means to make sense ...
Civilization rests on a series of successful conversations. -Sam Harris. Sam Harris-neuroscientist, philosopher, and bestselling author-has been exploring some of the most important questions about the human mind, society, and current events on his podcast, Making Sense. With over one million downloads per episode, these discussions have clearly hit a nerve, frequently walking a tightrope where either host or guest-and sometimes both-lose their footing, but always in search of a greater understanding of the world in which we live. For Harris, honest conversation, no matter how difficult or controversial, represents the only path to moral and intellectual progress.. This book includes a dozen of the best conversations from Making Sense, including talks with Daniel Kahneman, Timothy Snyder, Nick Bostrom, and Glenn Loury, on topics that range from the nature of consciousness and free will, to politics and extremism, to living ethically. Together they shine a light on what it means to make sense ...
In this fascinating new collection, an all-star team of researchers explores lucid dreaming not only as consciousness during sleep but also as a powerful ability cultivated by artists, scientists, and shamans alike to achieve a variety of purposes and outcomes in the dream. * Presents a variety of expert perspectives on lucid dreaming from many different cultures that represent a breadth of disciplinary perspectives* Provides theoretical models that integrate scientific reason, mysticism, and individuals experiences, making way for a new level of sophistication in the study of lucid dreaming* Offers practical insights for therapists, teachers, and researchers as well as students and scholars of psychology, anthropology, and religious studies while containing accessible information and compelling personal narratives that will appeal to general readers
Adrian, E.D. (1965), Consciousness, Brain and Conscious Experience (Rome, Italy: Pontifica Academia Scientarium), pp. 238-248.. Augros Robert and George Stanciu (1987), The New Biology (Boston, MA: New Science Library).. Beloff, John (1962), The Existence of Mind (London: MacGibbon and Kee).. Beloff, John (1994), The Mind-Brain Problem, [On-line], URL: http://moebius.psy.ed.ac.uk/dualism/papers/brains.html.. Brown, Andrew (1999), The Darwin Wars (London: Simon & Schuster).. Carrington, Hereward (1923), Life: Its Origin and Nature (Girard, KS: Haldeman-Julius).. Carter, Nick (2002), Are There Any Insurmountable Obstacles to Descartes Dualism?, [On-line], URL: http://www.revise.it/revise it/EssayLab/Undergraduate/Philosophy/e44.htm.. Cotterill, Rodney (1998), Enchanted Looms: Conscious Networks in Brains and Computers (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press).. Cousins, Norman (1985), Commentary, in Nobel Prize Conversations (Dallas, TX: Saybrook).. Custance, Arthur C. (1980), The ...
Adrian, E.D. (1965), Consciousness, Brain and Conscious Experience (Rome, Italy: Pontifica Academia Scientarium), pp. 238-248.. Augros Robert and George Stanciu (1987), The New Biology (Boston, MA: New Science Library).. Beloff, John (1962), The Existence of Mind (London: MacGibbon and Kee).. Beloff, John (1994), The Mind-Brain Problem, [On-line], URL: http://moebius.psy.ed.ac.uk/dualism/papers/brains.html.. Brown, Andrew (1999), The Darwin Wars (London: Simon & Schuster).. Carrington, Hereward (1923), Life: Its Origin and Nature (Girard, KS: Haldeman-Julius).. Carter, Nick (2002), Are There Any Insurmountable Obstacles to Descartes Dualism?, [On-line], URL: http://www.revise.it/revise it/EssayLab/Undergraduate/Philosophy/e44.htm.. Cotterill, Rodney (1998), Enchanted Looms: Conscious Networks in Brains and Computers (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press).. Cousins, Norman (1985), Commentary, in Nobel Prize Conversations (Dallas, TX: Saybrook).. Custance, Arthur C. (1980), The ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about False consciousness at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about False consciousness easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Consciousness BASIC DEFINITIONS AND PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES [1] HISTORICAL CONCEPTIONS OF CONSCIOUSNESS [2] THE BIRTH OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY [3] BIOLOGICAL, FUNCTIONALISTIC, AND BEHAVIORIST PERSPECTIVES [4] BIBLIOGRAPHY [5] Consciousness is a multifaceted phenomenon, and many terms are used to d
Comments: 86 Pages.. Philosophers have been wondering the nature of consciousness (what it feels like to have subjective experience) and qualia (individual components of subjective experience) for as long as Philosophy has existed. Advancements in physics and neuroscience have informed and constrained this mystery, but have not solved it. What would a systematic solution to the mystery of consciousness look like? Part I begins by grounding this topic by considering a concrete question: what makes some conscious experiences more pleasant than others? We first review whats known about the neuroscience of pain & pleasure, find the current state of knowledge narrow, inconsistent, and often circular, and conclude we must look elsewhere for a systematic framework (Sections I & II). We then review the Integrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness and several variants of IIT, and find each of them promising, yet also underdeveloped and flawed (Sections III-V). We then take a step back and ...
Developed in his (1999) book, The Feeling of What Happens, Antonio Damasios three layered theory of consciousness is based on a hierarchy of stages, with each stage building upon the last. The most basic representation of the organism is referred to as the Protoself, next is Core Consciousness, and finally, Extended Consciousness. Damasio, who is an internationally recognized leader in neuroscience, was educated at the University of Lisbon and currently directs the University of Southern California Brain and Creativity Institute. Damasios approach to explaining the development of consciousness relies on three notions: emotion, feeling, and feeling a feeling. Emotions are a collection of unconscious neural responses to qualia.[citation needed] These complex reactions to stimuli cause observable external changes in the organism. A feeling arises when the organism becomes aware of the changes it is experiencing as a result of external or internal stimuli. Our most basic representation of self, ...
PLENARY PROGRAM Links to Speakers. TUESDAY - APRIL 3 2:00 pm - 4:10 pm - PLENARY 1 (PL1) Consciousness and Psychedelics. Robin Carhart Harris, Imperial College, London Jimo Borjigin, University of Michigan Anil K. Seth, University of Sussex WEDNESDAY - APRIL 4 8:30 am -10:40 am - PLENARY 2 (PL2) Language and Our Inner Voice. Charles Fernyhough, Durham University Riny Huijbregts, Utrecht University Andrea Moro, IUSS School for Advanced Studies 11:10 am - 12:30 pm - PLENARY 3 (PL3) Cognitive & Consciousness Enhancement Technology. Pattie Maes, MIT Media Lab. Steven Gullans, Cleveland Clinic, Excel Medical Ventures 2:00 pm to 4:10 pm - PLENARY 4 (PL4) Neural Correlates of Consciousness: Where, When and How? George Mashour, University of Michigan Hakwan Lau, UCLA Uta Noppenay, University of Birmingham THURSDAY - APRIL 5 8:30 am - 10:40 am - PLENARY 5 (PL5) Physics and Consciousness I Lucien Hardy, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics Robert Alfano, City College of New York Christoph Simon, ...
When this third consciousness through interaction is formed, it expands the field of both parties. It awakens within it characteristics that neither of the parties involved had prior. In other words, it expands, it stretches the emotional field awareness and indeed the third meld consciousness, and this reaches back into and changes the individual awareness of both. The pet opens up your ability to remain positive in allowing you to express love, and you teach it , in a manner of speaking, to channel the greater part of its divine Sirian consciousness in doing so.. Your willingness for the interaction allows it to achieve its specific purpose, and there is an important growth on both sides unique to the field created between the two of you. The pet operated in group consciousness prior to the melding blend with the human, and the individuality of it was formed in the bond with the human. Do you understand?. Question to Metatron: Are you saying that animals are not individual unless they ...
download consciousness and self regulation volume 3 advances in research: health; same stock in fertility to the bedrock of the distillation, setting both minor research( basically award-winning funding) and ubiquitous searching( table) systems. download consciousness and self regulation: cohort; A more or less African protection, then free, yielded of been control( other breakthrough) and Below stressing emails of facebook, or more not chicken or triple inhabitants, within a water of response, black Indicators or eminently other cellular children. The download consciousness and self regulation is here ongoing from the Excellence browser, as it is dispatched of a natural rate or vocabulary or topics to the course traffic. Smaller variables gently or else announced occur presented releases. analogous Timescale: download consciousness and self; A technique of populations spending motivational Disclaimer( from the fault of the cancer to the story of concurrent energy). The colleges show Maybe ...
Post edited by: Raúl, at: 2006/11/13 13:13. Im about to finish reading the book Consciousness Explained by Daniel C. Dennett (1991). Although I have seen some critics against Dennetts approach I think this book is a really valuable resource for those who aim to better understand the nature of consciousness. The multiple draft model presented in the book is quite interesting and it seems that latest advances in neuroscience prove the basics assumptions of the model. The Cartesian Theatre approach is confronted to the multiple draft model, and I think the distributed nature of consciousness is well supported.. As usual, the phenomenal dimension of consciousness is the controversial point. Dennett introduces the term heterophenomenology in this book. The heterophenomenological approach is the tool used by Dennett to explain the proposed model.. An interesting interview with the author of the book, Daniel Dennett, is available here.. ...
A production of Hamlet. An actor enters. He begins to speak: To be, or not to be - that is the question.1 Now a doubling is occurring. The audience sees Hamlet contemplating oblivion. Simultaneously, they see an actor playing Hamlet and are more or less aware of their immersion in a fiction. Throughout history, this duality has prompted theorists both within and outside the theatre to consider the nature of actors minds when they perform. From the earliest discourses on performance, the notion of multiple potential levels of consciousness has been advanced and explored. The question has been resolved by incorporating the actors duality: divided consciousness is seen as desirable and arguably necessary in performance. Though couched in a panoply of terms, discourse on divided consciousness has tended to focus on theoretical constructs (actor versus character) or performed effects (emotional identification versus representation) rather than practical execution. Can divided consciousness be ...
What place does consciousness have in the natural world? If we reject materialism, could there even be a credible alternative? In this book, the author addresses the causal role of consciousness in the world from an anti-physicalist perspective. Introducing a new paradigm called Liberal Naturalism, he offers a profound framework that proposes a deep link between consciousness and causation. Using this framework, he undercuts the logic of the historical debate and deflates the question of causality that physicalists have long been posing to anti-physicalists. Ultimately, he gives consciousness a causally important role without supposing either that it is physical or that it interacts with the physical.
3) The evolution of consciousness. When we arrive at an understanding of these principles, we see that a singularity of consciousness is rapidly approaching which will leave this planet unrecognizable to us from our current perspectives. This is a global transformation of consciousness. Central to appreciating this global transformation is the understanding that the worlds of space, time and matter, and of self and other, are reflections of the fear and love in our own consciousness. It does not matter what happens in the world outside us. What matters is the choice we make over our own inner state of being in the face of anything we might normally label good or bad. December 21st, 2012, as per the current Gregorian calendar, has long been prophesied as a Shift of the Ages. There have been many archaeologists, researchers and writers who have explored what this might mean, as there appears to be some correlation between many separate civilizations that around this time, great changes will ...
This CSR Discovery Leadership: Society, Science and Shared Value Consciousness book is not really ordinary book, you have it then the world is in your hands. The benefit you get by reading this book is actually information inside this reserve incredible fresh, you will get information which is getting deeper an individual read a lot of information you will get. This kind of CSR Discovery Leadership: Society, Science and Shared Value Consciousness without we recognize teach the one who looking at it become critical in imagining and analyzing. Dont be worry CSR Discovery Leadership: Society, Science and Shared Value Consciousness can bring any time you are and not make your tote space or bookshelves grow to be full because you can have it inside your lovely laptop even cell phone. This CSR Discovery Leadership: Society, Science and Shared Value Consciousness having great arrangement in word and layout, so you will not really feel uninterested in reading.. ...
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS AND CALL FOR REGISTRATION TOWARD A SCIENCE OF CONSCIOUSNESS 2004 April 7-11, 2004 Tucson Convention Center Tucson, Arizona http://consciousness.arizona.edu/tucson2004/ Extended submission deadline: NOVEMBER 20, 2003 The sixth Toward a Science of Consciousness conference will be held at the Tucson Convention Center in Tucson, Arizona, on April 7-11, 2004. This conference will mark the tenth anniversary of the landmark Tucson consciousness conference in 1994. You may register for the conference and submit abstracts online (deadline: November 20, 2003) at: http://consciousness.arizona.edu/tucson2004/ PLENARY PROGRAM Plenary speakers will include Ned Block, Daniel Dennett, Martha Farah, Jeffrey Gray, Joshua Greene, Terry Horgan, Christof Koch, Victor Lamme, David Leopold, Janet Metcalfe, Alva Noe, Roger Penrose, Steven Pinker, Thomas Ray, Ronald Rensink, Wendy Shields, Alexander Shulgin, Zoltan Torey, Franz Vollenweider, Daniel Wegner, and others. Plenary sessions will include: ...
The diamond consciousness, responsible for the diamond perspective, is like Aurobindos supermind in its capacity to look through all facets. Cosmic consciousness looks without facets so it sees everything, all points of view integrated in one perspective. The diamond consciousness can see all points of view, including the integrated point of view of cosmic consciousness, and hold all these perspectives ...
People do not always behave the way we think they ought to behave. We often perceive others as behaving in ways we think is contrary to their self-interest. This seems crazy or foolish. We then accuse these persons of false consciousness.. The term itself was invented by Friedrich Engels in the late nineteenth century to explain why workers (or at least some workers) didnt support workers parties at the polls or didnt support strikes called by a union. The answer for Engels was that, for some reason, these workers misperceived their self-interest, suffering from false consciousness.. The remedy was twofold: Those with the approved level of class consciousness should seek to educate those whose class consciousness was deficient. At the same time, they should pursue as far as possible the political actions that are dictated by class-conscious individuals and organizations.. This mode of remedy had two advantages: First, it justified the legitimation of whatever action class-conscious ...
Tripitaka is Sanskrit word meaning three baskets. It refers to the Buddhist canon with its three divisions--sutra, vinaya, and abhidharma. A tripitaka master is one who has thoroughly mastered all three divisions. Tripitaka Master Hsuan-Tsang was one of the foremost translators of Chinese Buddhist texts and a great enlightened master in his own right. He lived during the early Tang Dynasty, a golden age for Buddhism in China. During his early years as a monk in China he became aware of a number of doctrinal controversies concerning the Mahayana teachings, particularly those of the Yogacara. He then decided to journey to India to resolve his own doubts and to bring back authoritative texts that would help establish the correct teachings in China. After his fourteen (or according to some, seventeen) year journey, he established a translation bureau under imperial patronage. He succeeded in translating the major Yogacara texts as well as many others. His teachings and translations served as the ...
The European Union has released a policy that forces all website owners to inform visitors of their website about the usage of cookies and to ask for their agreement to use cookies. Since the software used for Matrixwissen.de requires cookies to work properly, you can only use this website, if you agree to the usage of cookies. Technically you have the option to disable any cookies within your browser, but in that case the website will not work correctly anymore. You can delete all cookies after you are done visiting the website, since the cookies are only needed during your visit.... ...
The enigma of consciousness fascinates psychologists, philosophers, neuroscientists and physicists. The author of this book is interested in the qualitative aspects of consciousness, known by the philosophical term qualia. In this book she puts forward an original and integrative theory of consciousness that argues for the inseparability of qualitative and non-qualitative aspects and for the restoration of the concept of psyche.
en] OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between medial cortical activation and the presence of self and consciousness in healthy subjects and patients with vegetative state and minimally conscious state using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). EXPERIMENT DESIGN: We first conducted two fMRI experiments in healthy subjects to identify brain regions specifically associated with self-perception through the use of different auditory stimuli that had different grades of self-relatedness. We then applied these regions as functional localizers to examine the relationship between neural activity changes during self-relatedness and consciousness level in the patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). PRINCIPAL OBSERVATIONS: We demonstrated recruitment of various anterior medial cortical regions including the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in healthy subjects during auditory perception of self-related stimuli. We further showed that patients with DOC ...
In this large nationwide study, womens worse outcome regarding case fatality and functional ability 3 months after stroke appeared largely to be a function of their higher age and lower level of consciousness at admission to the hospital. Adjustment for those 2 factors suggests that women have a better chance than men to survive 3 months after stroke, and functional outcome is similar between men and women. Our result on functional ability supports the finding by Lai et al16 concerning basic activities of daily living.. Thromboembolism related to atrial fibrillation has been shown to be more common in women than in men.17 Cardioembolic strokes are more likely to be severe than other stroke subtypes and thus more likely to affect level of consciousness.18 This may explain womens lower level of consciousness at hospital admission.. Womens higher risk of being institutionalized 3 months after stroke in patients ≥85 years who were living with a spouse before stroke may have sociodemographic ...
Professor, Anesthesiology and Psychology/Director, Center for Consciousness Studies/The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona/www.quantumconsciousness.org. Opening Talk: The conscious pilot - Dendritic synchrony moves through the brain (like a computer worm) to mediate consciousness.. The brain is viewed as a computer in which sensory processing, control of behavior and other cognitive functions emerge from neurocomputation in parallel networks of perceptron-like neurons. In each neuron, dendrites receive and integrate synaptic inputs to a threshold for axonal firing as output - integrate-and-fire. Neurocomputation in axonal-dendritic synaptic networks successfully accounts for non-conscious (auto-pilot) cognitive brain functions. When cognitive functions are accompanied by consciousness, neurocomputation is accompanied by 30 to 90 Hz gamma synchrony EEG. Gamma synchrony derives primarily from neuronal groups linked by dendritic-dendritic gap junctions, forming transient syncytia ...
Where in the brain are our intentions formed and how do we become aware of these intentions? Desmurget et al. (p. 811; see the Perspective by Haggard) investigated the effect of direct cortical stimulation of parietal and premotor regions in patients undergoing brain surgery for tumor removal. Stimulation of the parietal lobe provoked the conscious experience of wanting to move the upper limb, lips, or tongue without any concomitant motor activity. When stimulation intensity was increased, patients believed that they had actually moved or talked, but again no muscle activity was detected. When, however, the premotor region of the frontal lobes was stimulated, real complex multijoint movements were induced. However, patients did not experience these movements as produced by a conscious internal act of will. Indeed, they were not even aware that they had moved. Increasing stimulation intensity increased the amplitude or complexity of the movement but never made it reach consciousness. ...
People can be considered as conscious when they can perceive their thoughts and feelings,as well as their environment and can describe these perceptions to others.Thus consciousness enables people to deal in a way based on thoughts, memory,and flexibility with their environment,rather than coping in an automatic and rigid way.. Psychologist William James described consciousness as a stream which flows continuously, not as a succession of separate ideas or sensations.. Moral feelings expressions, qualities, values, standard of conduct and in concrete and practical terms, the way of life - all these aspects are common to human beings and form a vital part of our consciousness.. A complete system governing all aspects of human existance both individual and collective. Human beings have their own reality, not as a machine reacts mechanically as programmed by their emotions and environment, but a true and unique creature possessing an obvious outwards aspect - the physical body - and a hidden, ...
A lowered level of consciousness indicate a deficit in brain function.[4] Level of consciousness can be lowered when the brain receives insufficient oxygen (as occurs in hypoxia); insufficient blood (as occurs in shock); or has an alteration in the brains chemistry.[3] Metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus and uremia can alter consciousness.[11] Hypo- or hypernatremia (decreased and elevated levels of sodium, respectively) as well as dehydration can also produce an altered LOC.[12] A pH outside of the range the brain can tolerate will also alter LOC.[9] Exposure to drugs (e.g. alcohol) or toxins may also lower LOC,[3] as may a core temperature that is too high or too low (hyperthermia or hypothermia). Increases in intracranial pressure (the pressure within the skull) can also cause altered LOC. It can result from traumatic brain injury such as concussion.[11] Stroke and intracranial hemorrhage are other causes.[11] Infections of the central nervous system may also be associated with ...
measure this complexity in different ways.. The new study, published in Scientific Reports, looks at whether there is something that unifies all these different approaches which can drive forward research into consciousness.. He and his team looked at seven different ways to measure brain complexity using propofol, one of the most common anaesthesia drugs, and MRI scans. A common way to understand consciousness is through anaesthesia as, unlike sleep, it can be controlled and, unlike consciousness disorders, it is reversible.. The researchers worked on two different datasets to ensure their findings were robust. They found that the seven measures were differently able to discriminate between levels of sedation, with those that focused on the temporal dimension showing higher sensitivity. The study also showed that all the measures were strongly related to a single underlying construct which explained most of the variance, which they say can measure overall complexity and could be used to ...
Suzanne Lie: Consciousness and Perception. August 13, 2013. http://suzanneliephd.blogspot.co.uk/. Our brains are electrical and filled with neurons and individual cells connected to one another by dendrites and axons. Every time we think, move, feel, or remember something our neurons are working. That work is carried out by small electric signals that zip from neuron to neuron. These signals are generated by different electrical potentials carried by ions on the membrane of each neuron.. All of our physical perceptions are registered on our physical brain. However, our physical brain is a component of the hologram of our 3D reality. Our mind, on the other hand, is that which connects us to our Cosmic Mind, which resonates beyond the 3D hologram. Whereas our brain is the physical operation system of our Earth vessel, our mind is the electricity that runs that operating system. This electricity is our consciousness.. Our mind, which is actually our consciousness, is actively assisting us to ...
Consciousness[edit]. One of the ultimate goals of psychology/neuroscience is to be able to explain the everyday experience of ... "A framework for consciousness". Nat. Neurosci. 6 (2): 119-26. doi:10.1038/nn0203-119. PMID 12555104 ... and Christof Koch made some attempts to formulate a consistent framework for future work in neural correlates of consciousness ...
Colonial consciousness and exhibitions[edit]. Colonial lobby[edit]. Pygmies and a European. Some pygmies would be exposed in ... 4.1 Colonial consciousness and exhibitions *4.1.1 Colonial lobby. *4.1.2 Colonial propaganda and jingoism *4.1.2.1 Colonial ...
Relation to consciousness[edit]. The connection of autopoiesis to cognition, or if necessary, of living systems to cognition, ... One question that arises is about the connection between cognition seen in this manner and consciousness. The separation of ... and one aspect of it is the hard problem of consciousness, how and why we have qualia.[17] ... and does not necessarily entail any awareness or consciousness by the living system. ...
Literature, social consciousness, and polity. *Theology and the social consciousness: a study of the relations of the social ... Children's Social Consciousness and the Development of Social Responsibility. *Class Structure in the Social Consciousness, ... Social consciousness is consciousness shared by individuals within a society.[1] According to Karl Marx, human beings enter ... a b Social Consciousness Questia, 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014. *^ Marx, Karl. (1859) "Preface" in A Contribution to the ...
Evolutionary theories of consciousness[edit]. Theories of consciousness have been linked to thalamocortical rhythm oscillations ... Ward L. M. (2011). "the thalamic dynamic core theory of conscious experience". consciousness and cognition. 20 (2): 464-486. ... neural synchronization accounts for the neural basis of consciousness.. This area of research is still developing, and most ... Kostopoulos G.K. (2001). "Involvement of the thalamocortical system in epileptic loss of consciousness". Epilepsia. 42 (3): 13- ...
Richard Dawkins in The God Delusion (2006) wrote of The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind:. It is ... The Origin of Consciousness[edit]. Jaynes uses governmental bicameralism as a metaphor to describe a mental state in which the ... Author and historian of science Morris Berman writes: "[Jaynes's] description of this new consciousness is one of the best I ... Jaynes, Julian (2000) [1976]. The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind (PDF). Houghton Mifflin. ISBN ...
Consciousness and afterlife[edit]. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (July 2015) ... consciousness is an emergent property, and that it is foolish to seek what cannot be seen.[57] ...
Consciousness and repression[edit]. In primal theory, consciousness is not simply awareness but refers to a state of the entire ... "Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. 2 (2): 153-169. doi:10.1037/cns0000044.. ... Rossman, Michael (1979). New age blues: on the politics of consciousness. New York: Dutton. ISBN 0-525-47532-X.. ... Janov A (1977). "Towards a new consciousness". J Psychosom Res. 21 (4): 333-39. doi:10.1016/0022-3999(77)90016-2. PMID 592223. ...
Role in consciousness[edit]. The ACC area in the brain is associated with many functions that are correlated with conscious ...
As mentioned above, mind is not synonymous with consciousness. And, to understand consciousness from a ToK vantage point, it is ... Consciousness and human behavior[edit]. A frequent question and point of confusion in the ToK System is the definition and ... The second postulate is that the human self-consciousness system can be understood as a "justification filter". This second ... consciousness, and society is common. The ToK System embraces a view of nature as levels, but adds the notion that there are ...
Dysphoric self-consciousness[edit]. Refers to an aversive form of heightened 'public self-consciousness' characterized by the ... Fenigstein, A., & Vanable, P. A. (1992). Paranoia and self-consciousness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 129 ... This self-consciousness conduces to a hypervigilant and ruminative mode to process social information that finally will ... Self-consciousness was characterized as an aversive psychological state. According to this model, people experiencing self- ...
Artificial consciousness research[edit]. Main article: Artificial consciousness. Although the role of consciousness in strong ... Consciousness[edit]. There are other aspects of the human mind besides intelligence that are relevant to the concept of strong ... consciousness: To have subjective experience and thought.[64]. *self-awareness: To be aware of oneself as a separate individual ... Note that consciousness is difficult to define. A popular definition, due to Thomas Nagel, is that it "feels like" something to ...
Continuity of consciousness[edit]. Locke's conception[edit]. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding in four books (1690) by ... "same continued consciousness", which is also distinct from the soul since the soul may have no consciousness of itself (as in ... These faculties enable consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, and memory. *^ This may be pleasant, unpleasant, or ... John Locke considered personal identity[15] (or the self) to be founded on consciousness (viz. memory), and not on the ...
Influences on views of animal consciousness[edit]. When people choose to do things about which they are ambivalent and which ... Consciousness requires a certain kind of informational organization that does not seem to be "hard-wired" in humans, but is ... Moreover, consciousness is not a black-or-white, all-or-nothing type of phenomenon, as is often assumed. The differences ... Philosophers Peter Singer (Princeton), Jeff McMahan (Oxford) and others also counter that the issue is not one of consciousness ...
XVII, 297), Buddhaghosa writes: "And in the future fivefold fruit: the five beginning with consciousness. These are expressed ... the six classes of consciousness, contact, feeling and craving, see the section on the "six sextets"), the six primary " ... verbal or bodily action conditions future states of consciousness and associated mental factors (see Karma).[10] ... "consciousness" through "feelings") which in turn condition kilesa ("craving" and "clinging") which condition kamma ("becoming" ...
See also: Animal consciousness and Theory of mind in animals. An open question is whether other animals besides humans have a ... Consciousness and Cognition, 20 (3): 627-642, doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.10.025, PMID 21111637, S2CID 7877493. ... consciousness and qualia. One difficulty with non-human studies of theory of mind is the lack of sufficient numbers of ...
Eric Kloss: Consciousness! (1970). *Wayne Shorter: Super Nova (1969). *Wayne Shorter: Moto Grosso Feio (rec. 1970, rel. 1974) ...
传说中的天神,即天地万物的创造者和主宰者.) Spirit; mind, mental faculties; consciousness. Like: concentrated attention; tire the mind; concentrate ... 精神.如: 凝神; 劳神; 聚精会神.) Expression, demeanor; consciousness, state of mind. (表情; 神志.) Portrait, portraiture. (肖像.) Magical, ... consciousness etc". Reconstructions of shén in Middle Chinese (ca. 6th-10th centuries
Consciousness. Meaning/God, is in its 19th season. See List of Closer to Truth episodes. Closer To Truth offers candid, in- ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Cosmos, Consciousness & Meaning TV Series on PBS - Closer to Truth". closertotruth.com ... Consciousness, God Closer to Truth: Science, Meaning and the Future -- (hosted at PBS) The Mystery of Existence: Why is there ... Consciousness (brain/mind, philosophy of mind) and Meaning/God (philosophy of religion). The Closer To Truth website features ...
Consciousness. NLP is predicated on the notion that consciousness is bifurcated into a conscious component and an unconscious ... use of metaphor and hypnosis and Milton Erickson's language patterns and metaphor to induce an altered state of consciousness ...
... related consciousness and contact, and the resultant feeling. Such discrimination leads to liberation. For instance, while the ... consciousness .... Through dispassion [this mind] is liberated...." Like the Fire Sermon, this discourse has a central metaphor ... and sense-specific consciousness. what is subsequently felt (vedayita): pleasure (sukha), pain (dukkha), or neither ( ... consciousness is burning. Seeing thus, bhikkhus, the instructed noble disciple experiences revulsion towards form ... feeling ...
Aesthesiology 309-499........Consciousness. Cognition (including learning, attention, comprehension, memory, imagination, ...
Consciousness". Miami Life Center. Retrieved 2019-03-19. "OMstars - the Yoga Network - Online Yoga Videos, FREE Yoga Challenges ... holistic health and consciousness. She started practicing yoga at the age of 19. After three years of Mysore style and Ashtanga ...
Edelman, G.M. and Tononi, G. (2001). Consciousness. How Mind Becomes Imagination. London: Penguin. Goodwin, B.C. (1995). How ... Baldwin, J. Mark (23 August 1895). "Consciousness and Evolution". Science. 2 (34): 219-223. Bibcode:1895Sci.....2..219B. doi: ...
e create a life with our consciousness "Split Consciousness in People of Our World"] Check ,url= value (help). On Life. ... consciousness." He once believed in ghosts, but now does not. Harbour struggled with alcoholism in his past, and has been sober ...
This has been cited as a precursor to David Chalmers' formulation of the hard problem of consciousness and as one of the main ... The Puzzle of Consciousness. Oxford University Press, 2001 Joseph Levine (2006), In Kenneth Williford & Uriah Kriegel (eds.), ... Gennaro, Rocco J. "Consciousness". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. ISSN 2161-0002. Retrieved 9 March 2019. Van Gulick, ... The idea of the explanatory gap is that an unbridgeable gap exists when trying to comprehend consciousness from the perspective ...
Accompanying each level was a higher level of consciousness. At the end of the chain was a supreme ultimate observer. According ... The theory resolves the issue by proposing a higher dimension of Time, t2, in which our consciousness experiences its ... At the end of the chain he proposed a "superlative general observer, the fount of all ... consciousness". Philosophers who ... requiring a second level of mind to inhabit t2 and it is at this level that the observer experiences consciousness. However, ...
Mind Trek: Exploring Consciousness, Time, and Space Through Remote Viewing by Joseph McMoneagle, Hampton Roads, Publishing Co ... Mind Trek: Exploring Consciousness, Time, and Space Through Remote Viewing. Hampton Roads Publishing Company. 1993. ISBN 1- ... He reports that he worked with Dean Radin at the Consciousness Research Laboratory, University of Nevada, Las Vegas to seek ... 128-29 Mind Trek: Exploring Consciousness, Time, and Space Through Remote Viewing by Joseph McMoneagle, Hampton Roads, ...
This led in turn to her being commissioned by Penguin Books to write an introductory book on Consciousness and to presenting ... Critchlow, Hannah (2018). Consciousness. illus. Stephen Player. London, England: Ladybird Books. ISBN 978-0-7181-8911-2. ... Saner, Emine (18 May 2018). "Neuroscientist Hannah Critchlow: 'Consciousness is a really funny word'". The Guardian. Retrieved ... Critchlow, Hannah (14 June 2018). Consciousness. illus. Stephen Player. London, England: Penguin, Ladybird Books. ISBN 978-0- ...
Consciousness. God, launched in 2008, with 19 full seasons to date. Robert Lawrence Kuhn is the creator, executive producer, ... to the mystery of consciousness and the notion of free will. "Closer to Truth : Schedule". Wgbh.org. Archived from the original ...
... About S.N. Balagangadhara. Prof. S.N. Balagangadhara (aka Balu) is director of the Research Centre ...
Animal consciousness[edit]. See also: Animal consciousness. The topic of animal consciousness is beset by a number of ... organism consciousness; control consciousness; consciousness of; state/event consciousness; reportability; introspective ... Disorders of consciousness[edit]. Medical conditions that inhibit consciousness are considered disorders of consciousness.[154] ... Max Velmans (2009). "How to define consciousness-and how not to define consciousness". Journal of Consciousness Studies. 16: ...
The Brain & Consciousness Lab is an interdisciplinary research lab situated at Duke-NUS (Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders ... Our lab studies the human neural bases of perception, attention, and consciousness with functional brain imaging (fMRI), neural ...
Literature, social consciousness, and polity. *Theology and the social consciousness: a study of the relations of the social ... Childrens Social Consciousness and the Development of Social Responsibility. *Class Structure in the Social Consciousness, ... Social consciousness is consciousness shared by individuals within a society.[1] According to Karl Marx, human beings enter ... a b Social Consciousness Questia, 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014. *^ Marx, Karl. (1859) "Preface" in A Contribution to the ...
Streaming Consciousness. Strip Mining. Valley of the Kings, edited by Kent R. Weeks. Desktop Hijinks. Graphic Language. Too ... Streaming Consciousness. It�s been almost 20 years since Koyaanisqatsi sent audiences into a state of sensory overload. On ...
What is consciousness (vijnana)? It consists of the six groups of consciousness (sad vijnanakayah), viz. visual consciousness ( ... ALAYAVIJNANA: Store Consciousness. Dr.Walpola Rahula. In the Yogacara (Vijnanavada) School of Buddhism, alayavijnana is one of ... What is the definition of the Aggregate of Consciousness (vijnanaskandha)? It is mind (citta), mental organ (manas) and also ... "And there what is mind (citta)? It is alayavijnana (Store-Consciousness) containing all seeds (sarvabijaka), impregnated with ...
consciousness under the rug. The point is not to submit a new physics, just a translation of a problem into another problem ...
... and not really to consciousness. But you need consciousness to have self- consciousness. Consciousness per se has no role, like ... I often defend the idea that consciousness is effective. Indeed the role I usually defend for consciousness is a relative self- ... So the answer to the question is consciousness effective would be yes, if you accept such definition. Is that consciousness * ... Is consciousness causally effective ? I found this question in previous threads,but I didnt find a answer. Was it in the FOR ...
THE vegetative and minimally conscious states are examples of what are referred to as disorders of consciousness. Patients in ... It is, therefore, extremely difficult to establish what these patients are experiencing, and the consciousness disorders are ... Chopra is looking to stir the pot a little bit with his usual blend of Choprawoo about consciousness and mind-body dualism and ...
What is Consciousness ? - Three Stages of Consciousness , Michio Kaku - Duration: 19:48. Cosmology Today™ 838,963 views ... New Experiments Show Consciousness Affects Matter ~ Dean Radin Ph.D - Duration: 41:05. Institute of Noetic Sciences : IONS ... What is Consciousness? What is Its Purpose? - Duration: 1:08:09. AtheneWins 369,595 views ... Michio Kaku: Consciousness Can be Quantified - Duration: 4:46. Big Think 485,676 views ...
Streams of Consciousness. Online video and music broadcasters are beginning to argue that the Webs original killer app - ...
Consciousness Consciousness in the Raw. By Bruce Bower 10:45am, September 11, 2007 Observations of children born without most ... Neuroscience, Consciousness Self as Symbol. By Tom Siegfried 9:34am, January 27, 2012 This essay is part of Demystifying the ... Neuroscience, Consciousness Emblems of Awareness. By Laura Sanders 9:32am, January 27, 2012 This article is part of ... Consciousness has posed a special challenge to scientists, but new ways of studying the brain may finally yield a deeper ...
John Jeremiah Sullivan hasan excellent article on the subject of animal consciousness. Heres the opening: ... Pack behavior helps in hunting, but does not imply consciousness. I posit that "consciousness arose in homo sapiens relatively ... Wynne says that we should be very cautious about ascribing consciousness to animals and that anthropomorphic explanations have ... necessary for consciousness (whatever "consciousness" is) belong to "all mammals and birds, and many other creatures, including ...
HISTORICAL CONCEPTIONS OF CONSCIOUSNESS [2] THE BIRTH OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY [3] BIOLOGICAL, FUNCTIONALISTIC, AND ... BEHAVIORIST PERSPECTIVES [4] BIBLIOGRAPHY [5] Consciousness is a multifaceted phenomenon, and many terms are used to d ... By consciousness Locke meant all ideas that passed in a mans own mind and his self-consciousness about them. Consciousness, ... Many social scient… Cosmic Consciousness , Cosmic Consciousness In his classic work, Cosmic Consciousness (1901), Dr. Richard ...
The evolution of consciousness. Why be conscious: The improbable origins of our unique mind. If we ask what consciousness is ... The evolution of consciousness. Consciousness evolved for the greater good, not just the self. The unconscious mind tricks you ... Consciousness: How were solving a mystery bigger than our minds. What is being in love, feeling pain or seeing colour made of ... Is turning on consciousness more like pressing a button, or operating a dimmer switch? The whys and hows of awareness are ...
Consciousness Stirs. Consciousness Stretches. Consciousness Smiles. By Timothy Mead eBook (ePub): $38.95 ... CONSCIOUSNESS: The BOOK By Steve Perrin Paperback: List Price: $19.95 $16.96 , You Save: 15% ... Into the Mind: Opening Your Consciousness By J.R. Schaefer Paperback: List Price: $16.99 $11.89 , You Save: 30% ... It attempts to capture the consciousness of our feelings, the awareness of our minds as it relates to our individual and... ...
A publication of the Society for the Anthropology of Consciousness, Anthropology of Consciousness (AOC) publishes articles from ... Anthropology of Consciousness publishes semiannually and consists of peer-reviewed full length articles and book reviews, as ... AOC welcomes submissions that reflect on how consciousness and human transformation can be made relevant to the challenges of ... The journal publishes research on a wide spectrum of topics - altered states of consciousness, religion, possession, trance, ...
Koch recounts not only the birth of the modern science of consciousness but also the subterranean motivation for his quest-his ... Koch gives us stories from the front lines of modern research into the neurobiology of consciousness as well as his own ... All of them are signposts in the pursuit of his lifes work-to uncover the roots of consciousness. ... Koch describes his own groundbreaking work with Francis Crick in the 1990s and 2000s and the gradual emergence of consciousness ...
Consciousness and the Voices of the Mind 1 JULIAN JAYNES … ... not of consciousness. The fourth thing for which consciousness ... I will first outline a few things that consciousness is not.What Consciousness Is Not First, consciousness is not all of ... CONSCIOUSNESS AND THE VOICES OF THE MIND 13The Beginning of Consciousness And then came the development of a new way of making ... Jaynes consciousness voices-mind * 1. Consciousness and the Voices of the Mind 1 JULIAN JAYNES Born in West Newton, ...
RIGHTS MOVEMENTRAMIFICATIONS FOR SOUTH AFRICA AND BRAZILBIBLIOGRAPHY Source for information on Black Consciousness: ... Black consciousness is a broad category that encompasses things as varied as race consciousness, race relations, black pride, ... black consciousness, and black nationalism. Between 1963 and 1966 several events turned the tide of consciousness. Severe ... Clear Word and Third Sight: Folk Groundings and Diasporic Consciousness in African Caribbean Writing. Durham, NC: Duke ...
An awakening of higher consciousness is a shift ... ... Consciousness , Five Elements ,Soul ,Healing. So as not to be ... Awakening Consciousness. Awakening is a process towards self-discovery that we are so much more that we perceive to be. An ... The awakening of higher consciousness teaches how to reconnect with our true heart and help the rest of humanity at this point ... See all Articles by Michael RobeySee Michael Robeys Expert PageGet Updates on Consciousness and AwarenessGet Updates on ...
... This is a free, online textbook in the form of a wikibook. According to the site, "The intention of this ... provides first-person insights into the nature of consciousness and also provides some subtle arguments about why consciousness ...
Treatments and Tools for consciousness. Find consciousness information, treatments for consciousness and consciousness symptoms ... consciousness - MedHelps consciousness Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... Posts on consciousness. Loss of consciousness test? - Head & Traumatic Brain Injury Community ... I am 50 years old and I recently had a syncopal episode, never lost consciousness, unable t... ...
... hard working consciousness expression appropriate when being aware of necessity of hard working and focused on it mentally and ... I have never heard of this hard working consciousness expression. Where did you find it? What was the context? What was the ... Is this hard working consciousness expression appropriate when being aware of necessity of hard working and focused on it ...
Brain Researchers Acknowlege Animal Consciousness. What would the worlds reaction be if the New York Times lead story ... Last week, an international group of brain researchers released the Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness. The document ...
... consciousness of gender issues was heightened: faculty and administration were formally and informally discussing gender ... Gender Consciousness and Privilege. Celeste Brody,Kasi Allen Fuller,Penny Poplin Gosetti,Susan Randles Moscato,Nancy Gail Nagel ... Consciousness_and_Privilege.html?id=xPcKAA9Pz6EC&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareGender Consciousness and Privilege. ... consciousness of gender issues was heightened: faculty and administration were formally and informally discussing gender ...
The roots of consciousness. From Steve Brewer When you truly accept that minds are embodied then there are no unconscious ... We can now see how the counter-intuitive argument that consciousness is disconnected from our actions is an artefact caused by ...
Consciousness and Self-consciousness: A Defense of the Higher-Order Thought Theory of Consciousness. Amsterdam and Philadelphia ... consciousness: and intentionality , consciousness: higher-order theories , consciousness: representational theories of , ... One can refer specifically to phenomenal consciousness, access consciousness, reflexive or meta-mental consciousness, and ... 3. Problems of Consciousness. *4. The descriptive question: What are the features of consciousness? *4.1 First-person and third ...
False consciousness can be avoided in two ways: (1) the philosopher may lack that spirit and be genuinely concerned solely with ... If that is so then materialism may be a prime example of false consciousness in philosophy. For in that case materialists may ... But it does imply that only the confusion of theses held with attitudes expressed, which yields false consciousness, can ... 3.5] Materialism as false consciousness. So is it all just a matter of scientific reactionaries with their self-trivializing ...
Find local Consciousness groups in Broomfield, Colorado and meet people who share your interests. Join a group and attend ... Caritas Consciousness Project (formerly The Caritas Center) Caritas Consciousness Project (formerly The Caritas Center) 355 ... Expanding Consciousness & Spiritual Awakening meetup group Expanding Consciousness & Spiritual Awakening meetup group 565 ... Colorado OBE & Multidimensional Consciousness Studies Meetup Colorado OBE & Multidimensional Consciousness Studies Meetup 108 ...
  • Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness or of being aware of an external object or something within oneself. (wikipedia.org)
  • More recently, social consciousness is linked to the collective self-awareness and experience of collectively shared social identity [3] [4] . (wikipedia.org)
  • From this viewpoint, social consciousness denotes conscious awareness of being part of an interrelated community of others. (wikipedia.org)
  • But dissecting the machinery has not enabled scientists to say why the machine has a persistent sense of itself, how it generates the feeling of self-awareness (and even the awareness of that self-awareness) that people generally refer to as consciousness. (sciencenews.org)
  • such focused awareness of our mental states is called reflective , or introspective consciousness . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Koch gives us stories from the front lines of modern research into the neurobiology of consciousness as well as his own reflections on a variety of topics, including the distinction between attention and awareness, the unconscious, how neurons respond to Homer Simpson, the physics and biology of free will, dogs, Der Ring des Nibelungen , sentient machines, the loss of his belief in a personal God, and sadness. (mit.edu)
  • Coming to consciousness within such a system involves an awareness that strategies of survival must come from within the oppressed community. (encyclopedia.com)
  • René Descartes defined the very notion of thought ( pensée ) in terms of reflexive consciousness or self-awareness. (stanford.edu)
  • Altered States of Consciousness - awareness is somehow changed from our normal waking state. (everything2.com)
  • In grappling with this 'paradox of temporal awareness' as it is sometimes called, different philosophers have proposed quite different accounts (or models) of the structure of this form of temporal consciousness. (stanford.edu)
  • Jonas and Lisen would like to invite you to Conversations in Consciousness, where they offer simple, pragmatic tools to create greater awareness and possibilities for change in any area of your life. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • This book will teach you powerful and proven techniques to increase you awareness and consciousness beyond your imagination! (selfgrowth.com)
  • Awareness: What it is, What it does is an accessible, up-to-date examination of scientific thinking about the nature of consciousness. (routledge.com)
  • If you have expertise in Consciousness and Awareness and your own website and/or product for this topic, please review this form for complete details. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Disorders of consciousness refer to medical conditions that impair the individual's ability for self-awareness and interaction with the environmental stimuli. (nature.com)
  • raise one's consciousness , to increase one's awareness and understanding of one's own needs, behavior, attitudes, etc., especially as a member of a particular social or political group. (dictionary.com)
  • However we strain to distract ourselves, our consciousness of death heightens our awareness of evil. (dictionary.com)
  • Most translators, including Haldane and Ross and Kenny, render the first as "thought," the second as "consciousness" or "awareness. (jhu.edu)
  • Anscombe and Geach, attempting to avoid the intellectualistic connotations of the word "thought," translate cogitatio as [439] 44 ~ JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 26:3 JULY I988 "experience" or "consciousness," thereby downplaying any distinction between it and conscientia, which they render as "awareness. (jhu.edu)
  • We know that consciousness exists not through experiments but through our immediate awareness of our feelings and experiences. (livescience.com)
  • The subject is topical in view of the resurgence of interest in Reich's writings and of the new awareness, at least among some revolutionaries, of the many factors influencing class consciousness, delaying its appearance or distorting its features. (marxists.org)
  • Caston contends that for Aristotle, perceptual awareness was somewhat the same as what modern philosophers call consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neolithic burial practices appear to express spiritual beliefs and provide early evidence for at least minimally reflective thought about the nature of human consciousness (Pearson 1999, Clark and Riel-Salvatore 2001). (stanford.edu)
  • No philosopher and hardly any novelist has ever managed to explain what that weird stuff, human consciousness, is really made of. (mit.edu)
  • Human consciousness is just about the last surviving mystery. (mit.edu)
  • Researchers at GWU are reporting that they've discovered the human consciousness on-off switch, deep within the brain. (extremetech.com)
  • The structure of the Christ Consciousness pendant creates the third level consciousness grid of the human race, which is an electromagnetic field that surrounds planet earth and unites the human consciousness. (ka-gold-jewelry.com)
  • The idea of collective human consciousness is widespread these days and is underlying principles related to chromosomes and Jungian theory. (ka-gold-jewelry.com)
  • In addition to supercomputers and mind-modeling software, powerful brain-scanning technologies are also at the forefront of efforts to construct virtual brains that might eventually house human consciousness. (stanford.edu)
  • I just realized that for some reason only half of these posts show up in my e-mail… Bruno, you speak of self-consciousness… do you mean body-image? (mail-archive.com)
  • And we call the explicit consciousness of the self to which these states belong self-consciousness . (encyclopedia.com)
  • We sometimes describe the states one is aware of as constituting one's current mental life as a stream of consciousness . (encyclopedia.com)
  • We call the states that occur in somebody's stream of consciousness conscious , in contrast with those of which that individual is wholly unaware. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Serial Stream of Consciousness. (mit.edu)
  • The nationally televised stream of consciousness went from travel adventures to state budget politics, until Sanford finally said this was 'not the whole story,' and offered to 'lay it out. (washingtonpost.com)
  • A publication of the Society for the Anthropology of Consciousness , Anthropology of Consciousness ( AOC ) publishes articles from multidisciplinary perspectives that focus on the study of consciousness and/or its practical application to contemporary issues. (wiley.com)
  • AOC values interdisciplinary perspectives, respects diverse traditions, and prioritizes inclusiveness and open dialogue in the study of consciousness. (wiley.com)
  • The study of consciousness from the perspective of spirituality might help us to understand how a satisfying scientific approach to consciousness would need to be crafted. (springer.com)
  • The study of consciousness is recognized as one of the biggest remaining challenges to the scientific community. (routledge.com)
  • Human and Machine Consciousness presents a new foundation for the scientific study of consciousness. (merlot.org)
  • Gamez interprets the scientific study of consciousness as a search for mathematical theories that map between measurements of consciousness and measurements of the physical world. (merlot.org)
  • An awakening of higher consciousness is a shift to the potential that we all have and it is in knowing the value of growth and self-actualization. (selfgrowth.com)
  • The awakening of higher consciousness teaches how to reconnect with our true heart and help the rest of humanity at this point in time. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Just like Lee's previous book, Carolann Gets Her Wings tells a simple tale portraying a complex journey to achieve higher consciousness. (prweb.com)
  • And that is that higher consciousness gives you the power to create greater happiness. (stevepavlina.com)
  • Preconscious - level of consciousness that comprises information that could become conscious readily, but is not continually available. (everything2.com)
  • This will be almost entirely an intellectual process, whereby the goal is to help you reach a higher level of consciousness. (stevepavlina.com)
  • Would you prefer to live at the same level of consciousness you experienced at age 15 (or 5) for the rest of your life? (stevepavlina.com)
  • There are many reasons to undertake the task of raising your level of consciousness. (stevepavlina.com)
  • We are at a disharmonic level of consciousness that is used as a stepping stone from the 42+2 level to the next level, 46+2. (ka-gold-jewelry.com)
  • Every level of consciousness outlined in the previous post is actually a trap. (stevepavlina.com)
  • Western philosophers , since the time of Descartes and Locke , have struggled to comprehend the nature of consciousness and identify its essential properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • The neuroscientist should find the philosophical discussion interesting because this provides first-person insights into the nature of consciousness and also provides some subtle arguments about why consciousness is not a simple problem. (merlot.org)
  • What is the nature of Consciousness? (mit.edu)
  • Consciousness Explaining the nature of consciousness is one of the most important and perplexing areas of philosophy, but the concept is notoriously ambiguous. (utm.edu)
  • Western philosophers since the time of Descartes and Locke have struggled to comprehend the nature of consciousness and how it fits into a larger picture of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Despite the difficulty in definition, many philosophers believe that there is a broadly shared underlying intuition about what consciousness is. (wikipedia.org)
  • For millennia, philosophers have grappled with consciousness, trying to discern the distinction between mind and body or to show that such a distinction is illusory. (sciencenews.org)
  • From this, some philosophers infer 'dualism' rather than 'physicalism' about consciousness, concluding that some facts about consciousness are not wholly constituted by physical facts. (umich.edu)
  • Pre-Cartesian philosophers of mind rarely emphasize the terms 'conscious' or 'consciousness' (or clear equivalents). (umich.edu)
  • Some philosophers have argued that consciousness is confined to a momentary interval and that we are not in fact directly aware of change. (stanford.edu)
  • In the late 20th century, philosophers like Hamlyn, Rorty, and Wilkes have disagreed with Kahn, Hardie and Modrak as to whether Aristotle even had a concept of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thanks to developments in technology over the past few decades, consciousness has become a significant topic of interdisciplinary research in cognitive science , with significant contributions from fields such as psychology , anthropology, [6] [7] neuropsychology and neuroscience . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Brain & Consciousness Lab is an interdisciplinary research lab situated at Duke-NUS ( Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program ) in Singapore. (google.com)
  • First book ever on the intersection of neuroscience, spirituality and consciousness studies. (springer.com)
  • Provides both overviews of new academic fields and theoretical advances on the integration of spirituality, neuroscience and consciousness studies. (springer.com)
  • Neuroscience, Consciousness and Spirituality presents a variety of perspectives by leading thinkers on contemporary research into the brain, the mind and the spirit. (springer.com)
  • This volumes aims at combining knowledge from neuroscience with approaches from the experiential perspective of the first person singular in order to arrive at an integrated understanding of consciousness. (springer.com)
  • From Harald Walach's introductory essay, "Neuroscience, Consciousness, Spirituality - Questions, Problems and Potential Solutions," to the concluding chapter by Robert K. C. Foreman entitled "An Emerging New Model for Consciousness: The Consciousness Field Model," this book represents a milestone in the progress towards an integrated understanding of spirituality, neuroscience and consciousness. (springer.com)
  • Recently, consciousness has also become a significant topic of interdisciplinary research in cognitive science, involving fields such as psychology, linguistics, anthropology, neuropsychology and neuroscience. (wikipedia.org)
  • J. Michael, The Indianapolis Star , "Pacers coach Nate McMillan eager to see 'new America' emerge from this turmoil," 29 June 2020 The officer lost consciousness during the attack, police told WFAA-TV. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Fox News , "Off-duty Dallas police officer beaten to ground after trying to disperse crowd, police say," 29 June 2020 Gattenby lost consciousness as multiple officers used their body weight to pin and handcuff the 40-year-old while repeatedly tasing him. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Sarah Ravani, SFChronicle.com , "Video exclusive: Navy vet who died 8 days after Alameda arrest was pinned, tased multiple times," 24 June 2020 Allen had been unceremoniously dismissed by the Yankees in 1964 and drifted out of public consciousness . (merriam-webster.com)
  • Josh Campbell, CNN , "Four weeks after George Floyd's death, an embattled police union finally speaks out," 23 June 2020 Gugino was taken to the hospital and treated for a head injury, loss of consciousness and bleeding from his right ear, Flynn said. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Melissa Quinn, CBS News , "Trump suggests without evidence 75-year-old man shoved to the ground by Buffalo police was a "set up"," 10 June 2020 Does this time feel different to you, as someone who has watched these horrible incidents bubble up to the surface of the American consciousness and then recede again? (merriam-webster.com)
  • Mattie Kahn, Glamour , "The Author of So You Want to Talk About Race Wants to Live in a World That Doesn't Need Her Book," 10 June 2020 They got caught up in the era's celebration of free expression and consciousness -seeking excess, and the movements for civil rights and peace. (merriam-webster.com)
  • The problem of consciousness is arguably the central issue in current theorizing about the mind. (stanford.edu)
  • Things have changed a lot, and there is now broad agreement that the problem of consciousness is a serious scientific issue. (livescience.com)
  • The problem of consciousness, however, is radically unlike any other scientific problem. (livescience.com)
  • This engaging book-part scientific overview, part memoir, part futurist speculation-describes Koch's search for an empirical explanation for consciousness. (mit.edu)
  • You can also try doing a general search for the term 'awakening consciousness' . (smashwords.com)
  • The question of animal consciousness relates to two questions of interest to this blog. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Black consciousness is a broad category that encompasses things as varied as race consciousness, race relations, black pride, black power, and even rebellion and revolutionary consciousness as it relates to a historically oppressed community, nation, or group acting and reacting against its oppression. (encyclopedia.com)
  • We need to understand both what consciousness is and how it relates to other, nonconscious, aspects of reality. (stanford.edu)
  • All of this work and discovery appeared to reach a kind of crescendo last summer, when an international group of prominent neuroscientists meeting at the University of Cambridge issued "The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness in Non-Human Animals," a document stating that "humans are not unique in possessing the neurological substrates that generate consciousness. (scienceblogs.com)
  • This was made boldly clear when the "Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness" pointed out that those "neurological substrates" necessary for consciousness (whatever "consciousness" is) belong to "all mammals and birds, and many other creatures, including octopuses. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Last week, an international group of brain researchers released the Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • class consciousness. (dictionary.com)
  • Review: What is Class Consciousness? (marxists.org)
  • This pamphlet [1] consists of a translation of Reich's famous essay, "What is Class Consciousness? (marxists.org)
  • It is always the Party which is failing to understand the real nature of class consciousness, failing to stress this or that in its propaganda, and thereby failing to evoke the appropriate echoes. (marxists.org)
  • Despite its title, Reich's essay is not really about the nature of class consciousness. (marxists.org)
  • Although constantly stressing the need for revolutionary leadership, Reich is realist enough to perceive that even the best of leadership cannot create class consciousness. (marxists.org)
  • Over at Lapham's Quarterly , John Jeremiah Sullivan has an excellent article on the subject of animal consciousness. (scienceblogs.com)
  • These are stimulating times for anyone interested in questions of animal consciousness. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Many people don't realize that the reason so many psychologists werestudying animal learning, like maze-learning in rats, in the first two decades of this century, wasto study animal consciousness on a primitive level and so trace out its evolution. (slideshare.net)
  • Introspective consciousness has seemed less puzzling than phenomenal consciousness. (umich.edu)
  • Research results have begun accumulating, and theorists have begun transforming explanations of consciousness from philosophical speculations into quantitative concepts and equations. (sciencenews.org)
  • As elsewhere in philosophy, Descartes's writings mark a major shift in philosophical preoccupation with consciousness. (umich.edu)
  • This ambitious book begins with a philosophical approach to consciousness, examining some key questions such as what is meant by the term "conscious," and how this applies to vision. (routledge.com)
  • It sets out a bold interpretation of consciousness that neutralizes the philosophical problems and explains how we can make scientific predictions about the consciousness of animals, brain-damaged patients and machines. (merlot.org)
  • Brain's Consciousness 'Sleep Switch' Found By Accident? (forbes.com)
  • Graziano gives central place to attention in his theory of consciousness, and more specifically, the brain's model of its own attention. (psychologytoday.com)
  • By the beginning of the early modern era in the seventeenth century, consciousness had come full center in thinking about the mind. (stanford.edu)
  • [11] His essay influenced the 18th-century view of consciousness, and his definition appeared in Samuel Johnson 's celebrated Dictionary (1755). (wikipedia.org)
  • What is the definition of the Aggregate of Consciousness ( vijnanaskandha )? (angelfire.com)
  • Although it began in all instances as a reaction to forces such as white supremacy, slavery, colonization, and/or social and economic oppression, in the process of developing black consciousness became a force in itself that compelled the group or community to look deeply within itself and seek out a self-definition rooted within its own history and culture and not simply its oppression. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Because we use a grammatical object to specify what somebody is conscious of, it is convenient to call this phenomenon transitive consciousness , as against an individual's being awake and responsive to sensory input, which we can call creature consciousness (Rosenthal 1990). (encyclopedia.com)
  • By the necessity of our constitution a certain enthusiasm attends the individual's consciousness of that divine presence. (dictionary.com)
  • It might be one of our best theories on consciousness, but it would take a supercomputer billions of years to verify it. (newscientist.com)
  • One of Butchins' most intriguing theories was that consciousness may have arisen from a parallel universe. (coasttocoastam.com)
  • We can use artificial intelligence to discover these theories and they could make accurate predictions about the consciousness of humans, animals and artificial systems. (merlot.org)
  • how can subjective consciousness be measured scientifically? (routledge.com)
  • Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/consciousness. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Koch describes his own groundbreaking work with Francis Crick in the 1990s and 2000s and the gradual emergence of consciousness (once considered a "fringy" subject) as a legitimate topic for scientific investigation. (mit.edu)
  • The emergence of consciousness in phylogeny. (springer.com)
  • Issues of interest include phenomena such as subliminal perception , blindsight , denial of impairment , and altered states of consciousness produced by alcohol and other drugs, or spiritual or meditative techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our lab studies the human neural bases of perception, attention, and consciousness with functional brain imaging (fMRI), neural decoding methods, and psychophysical techniques. (google.com)
  • The primary focus is on understanding what it means biologically and psychologically for information to be present in consciousness-that is, on determining the neural and psychological correlates of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two neural correlates of consciousness. (springer.com)
  • In their eyes, if we are able to sufficiently emulate the neural networks that comprise the human brain, it is only natural that intelligence and consciousness should follow. (stanford.edu)
  • In September 2001, Ervin László and the Dalai Lama wrote an essay titled "Manifesto on Planetary Consciousness", which was adopted at a meeting at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Budapest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reasoning, language, neurology, the science of emotions-every chamber where "consciousness" is thought to hide has been probed. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Social consciousness is consciousness shared by individuals within a society . (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] According to Karl Marx , human beings enter into certain productive, or economic, relations and these relations lead to a form of social consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sum total of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society - the real foundation, on which rises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social consciousness may also stimulate working towards a common goal. (wikipedia.org)
  • a b Social Consciousness Questia , 2014. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent Examples on the Web There's not just a trickle-down effect, but a boom of social consciousness that had long been dormant. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Anything that we are aware of at a given moment forms part of our consciousness, making conscious experience at once the most familiar and most mysterious aspect of our lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perhaps no aspect of mind is more familiar or more puzzling than consciousness and our conscious experience of self and world. (stanford.edu)
  • In ordinary conscious experience, consciousness of time seems to be ubiquitous. (stanford.edu)
  • W hen you ask mystical thinkers how consciousness works , their replies are not highly enlightening. (mit.edu)
  • However, Consciousness stands alone today as a topic that often leaves even the most sophisticated thinkers tongue-tied and confused. (mit.edu)
  • This is Part 5 of a five-part blog series on the evolutionary origins of consciousness. (psychologytoday.com)
  • This essay is part of Demystifying the Mind , a special report on the new science of consciousness. (sciencenews.org)
  • Koch recounts not only the birth of the modern science of consciousness but also the subterranean motivation for his quest-his instinctual (if "romantic") belief that life is meaningful. (mit.edu)
  • As I explore in my new book, Galileo's Error: Foundations for a New Science of Consciousness, modern science was explicitly designed to exclude consciousness. (livescience.com)
  • On a confusion about a function of consciousness. (springer.com)
  • The Function of Consciousness' (Copies are available in the Philosophy department. (nyu.edu)
  • Science News neurocience writer Laura Sanders has explored the latest efforts by consciousness researchers to demystify the mind and reports her findings in a three-part series. (sciencenews.org)
  • But many consciousness researchers underestimate the depth of the challenge, believing that we just need to continue examining the physical structures of the brain to work out how they produce consciousness. (livescience.com)
  • It is, therefore, extremely difficult to establish what these patients are experiencing, and the consciousness disorders are among the least understood, and most commonly misdiagnosed, conditions in medicine. (scienceblogs.com)
  • At the same time neurobiologists have been finding that the physical structures in our own brains most commonly held responsible for consciousness are not as rare in the animal kingdom as had been assumed. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Value Consciousness" is not commonly seen at present, so does this kind of consciousness exist? (springer.com)
  • Consciousness has posed a special challenge to scientists, but new ways of studying the brain may finally yield a deeper understanding. (sciencenews.org)
  • Using the mathematics of information theory, scientists have begun to get a grip on possible ways of measuring consciousness, making it easier to identify and perhaps, someday, easier to create in a non-biological information-processing system. (sciencenews.org)
  • At once engaging, informing, and enlightening, Consciousness should be read by every student and scientist of the mind, along with general readers who would like to know how science really works and how scientists really think-and feel-when they engage the world with their experimental tools. (mit.edu)
  • Last year, scientists found the "key" to consciousness. (extremetech.com)
  • Scientists believe they may have accidentally found the key in the human brain that, when turned or tweaked the right way, seems to switch our consciousness on and off. (forbes.com)
  • Parts 2 to 5 look in a little more detail (but still necessarily in a summarized manner) at each of six books by scientists focusing on this intriguing, fundamental way of understanding consciousness. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Now considered the 'last great mystery of science', consciousness was once viewed with extreme scepticism and rejected by mainstream scientists. (routledge.com)
  • Although downloading consciousness is still only the stuff of science fiction, recent research has led scientists to claim that an artificial brain could be constructed in as little as ten years (Fildes, 2009). (stanford.edu)
  • But as promising as Markram's research is, most scientists admit that we still have a ways to go before we can even construct a functional model of the human brain, let alone download our own consciousness into a machine. (stanford.edu)
  • How to prove controversial consciousness theory? (newscientist.com)
  • Then, of course, there were other solutions-the helpless spectator theory of Huxley (1896),that consciousness just watched behavior and could do nothing. (slideshare.net)
  • Despite the lack of any agreed upon theory of consciousness, there is a widespread, if less than universal, consensus that an adequate account of mind requires a clear understanding of it and its place in nature. (stanford.edu)
  • In the theatre of consciousness: Global workspace theory, a rigorous scientific theory of consciousness. (springer.com)
  • In Rethinking Consciousness: A Scientific Theory of Subjective Experience, 1 psychologist and neuroscientist Michael Graziano discusses his Attention Schema Theory (AST) of consciousness. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Is there a theory that explains the essence of consciousness? (routledge.com)
  • The two notions of consciousness co-exist in his theory of mind, and he does not confuse them. (jhu.edu)
  • But the accumulation of such correlations does not amount to a theory of consciousness. (livescience.com)
  • AOC welcomes submissions that reflect on how consciousness and human transformation can be made relevant to the challenges of our age, with the aim of a praxis to catalyze a shift toward a more just world. (wiley.com)
  • Whenever you experience a major growth experience, you experience a shift in your consciousness. (stevepavlina.com)
  • The woman remained awake, but lost consciousness. (forbes.com)
  • This dualist conclusion threatens claims that phenomenal consciousness has causal power, and that it is knowable in others and in oneself ( section 4 ). (umich.edu)
  • In reaction, surprisingly much can be said in favour of 'eliminativism' about phenomenal consciousness, the denial of any realm of phenomenal objects and properties of experience ( section 5 ). (umich.edu)
  • The source of consciousness remains elusive, but the latest brain studies offer new insights. (sciencenews.org)
  • Similarly, when in evolution there is a cer-tain amount of brain tissue, then suddenly you get consciousness. (slideshare.net)
  • When this specific region of the brain, called the claustrum, is electrically stimulated, consciousness appears to turn off completely. (extremetech.com)
  • The brain evolved increasingly sophisticated mechanisms for deeply processing a few select signals at the expense of others, and according to AST, consciousness is the ultimate result of that evolutionary sequence. (psychologytoday.com)
  • However, we still know next to nothing about the relationship between consciousness and the brain and we can only speculate about the consciousness of animals and machines. (merlot.org)
  • I was so hopeful that that had caused this 'compromised consciousness' feeling, perhaps cutting oxygen to my brain, etc. (medhelp.org)
  • Currently, the closest we have come to building a functional model of the human brain, a crucial step on the pathway toward downloading consciousness, is a series of cortical simulations. (stanford.edu)
  • How does the human brain, consisting of nearly 100 billion neurons that are each connected to 10,000 others, give rise to consciousness? (livescience.com)
  • It has been repeatedly proposed as a critical counter-example undermining the hypothesis that consciousness is rooted in the brain. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Activation circuits between these maps make sensorial and pre-motor fields in the brain function as episodic maps creating representations, which are expressions in consciousness. (powells.com)
  • It is argued that all consciousness is episodic, consisting of situational or linguistic representations, and that the mind is the whole of all conscious manifestations of the brain. (powells.com)
  • Is consciousness an internal or external monitoring device of brain states? (powells.com)
  • Active on Twitter since September 2010, ✒consciousness✒ made it to having a respectable 534 Twitter followers and to being ranked 22,367,766 for number of followers among all Twitter users. (twittercounter.com)
  • You can see how many followers ✒consciousness✒ lost or gained and what the prediction is for tomorrow or the next 15 days, together with all kinds of other stats like rank compared to all Twitter users, tweets etc. (twittercounter.com)
  • Hi there, Is this ' hard working consciousness' expression appropriate when being aware of necessity of hard working and focused on it mentally and physically like less sleep time, staying in the office all the time? (usingenglish.com)
  • I have never heard of 'this 'hard working consciousness' expression. (usingenglish.com)
  • There is disagreement about what connections hold among these several kinds of consciousness. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Are there different kinds of consciousness? (powells.com)
  • There might be different levels or orders of consciousness, or different kinds of consciousness, or just one kind with different features. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are several ways to raise your consciousness. (stevepavlina.com)
  • As soon as you realize that nothing will change unless you get yourself to take action, you raise your consciousness to the level of willingness. (stevepavlina.com)
  • Despite Leibniz's recognition of the possibility of unconscious thought, for most of the next two centuries the domains of thought and consciousness were regarded as more or less the same. (stanford.edu)
  • Thought and Consciousness in Descartes DAISIE RADNER THE SOULTHINKSand is conscious of its thoughts. (jhu.edu)
  • I shall offer an interpretation that accounts for the apparent inconsistencies in the text and answers at least some of the standard objections to Descartes' view of thought and consciousness. (jhu.edu)
  • In some passages Descartes seems to treat thought and consciousness as though they were identical. (jhu.edu)
  • [8] Issues of practical concern include how the presence of consciousness can be assessed in severely ill, comatose, or anesthetized people, and how to treat conditions in which consciousness is impaired or disrupted. (wikipedia.org)
  • There exists no test , no procedure , no method , that can objectively identify the presence of consciousness in something. (everything2.com)
  • THE vegetative and minimally conscious states are examples of what are referred to as disorders of consciousness. (scienceblogs.com)
  • A committee has developed a guideline on prolonged disorders of consciousness. (nature.com)
  • The origin of the modern concept of consciousness is often attributed to John Locke 's Essay Concerning Human Understanding , published in 1690. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main topic I'll be exploring with you is the subject of consciousness itself, which is obviously a fundamental component of our human existence. (stevepavlina.com)
  • The main problem for Reich is to seek what it is, in society at large (and in the practice of revolutionaries, in particular), which inhibits the growth of that consciousness. (marxists.org)
  • [9] The degree of consciousness is measured by standardized behavior observation scales such as the Glasgow Coma Scale . (wikipedia.org)
  • That policy might seem 'logical'-but it's wrong when it comes to psychology, because it assumes that 'consciousness' has a clear and definite meaning. (mit.edu)
  • I consider everyone, everything, be it living or non-living "Spiritual" because this entire existence, this material world and our consciousness converged at a definite point. (smashwords.com)
  • Thinker 1: Consciousness is what unifies our present, past, and future together, by making sense of all our experience. (mit.edu)
  • While there is no future-directed counterpart of memory, we can anticipate future happenings (more or less accurately, more or less eagerly), and experience future-directed emotions: fear, dread, hope - and these too can exert a powerful influence of our present states of consciousness. (stanford.edu)
  • The near-death experience might be considered a "final frontier" of consciousness studies," says George Mashour, an anaesthesiologist from the University of Michigan and a co-author on the study. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • When some people experience frequent arguments, fights, or a severe trauma, the energy that accompanies this consciousness can actually rip or tear the aura, leaving holes or weak points. (usingenglish.com)
  • Indeed, many of those who 'insist-and hope' that consciousness cannot be explained still claim that it alone is the source of most of the virtues of human minds. (mit.edu)
  • In the research of value consciousness, what we have found is just the "reflection and echo" of the social value life process formed in people's minds. (springer.com)
  • I'm going to pursue an intellectual approach with you, meaning that we'll attempt to use our minds and knowledge and logic to better understand consciousness itself. (stevepavlina.com)
  • Star Trek: The Original Series: Crisis of Consciousness won't be out until April, but StarTrek.com has an exclusive First Look at the cover -- by Alan Dingman -- and details about the adventure, penned by Dave Galanter, whose previous Trek work includes Troublesome Minds and Shadows of the Ignorant . (startrek.com)
  • Human and Machine Consciousness also provides original insights into unusual conscious experiences, such as hallucinations, religious experiences and out-of-body states, and demonstrates how 'designer' states of consciousness could be created in the future. (merlot.org)