Genotoxicity detection of five medicinal plants in Nigeria. (1/2)This study was performed to investigate the safety of Alchornea cordifolia, Cnestis ferruginea, Lonchocarpus sericeus, Trema orientalis, and Senna alata in respect to genotoxicity. These five medicinal plants are widely distributed in Africa. They are used as a traditional medicine in many African counties for the treatment of microbial, inflammatory, and stress-related diseases. To evaluate the bacterial reverse mutation of these five medicinal plants, the in vitro Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100, TA1535, and TA1537, and Escherichia coli WP2uvrA, with or without the addition of S9 mixture was performed. Concentrations used for this test were 625, 2,500, and 5,000 microg per plate. A. cordifolia, C. ferruginea, L. sericeus, and T. orientalis showed negative results in the bacterial reverse mutation test, suggesting that it is potentially safe for these plants to be used in medicinal plants supplements at high doses. However, our experiments suggest that S. alata is a potent mutagen. Therefore, further studies are needed to evaluate the carcinogenicity of S. alata in order to adequately assess the risks for human health. (+info)
Hypoglycaemic and biochemical properties of Cnestis ferruginea. (2/2)Increasing incidences of diabetes in Africa has prompted the search for safe and readily available alternative herbal remedies for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Cnestis ferruginea was extracted with methanol and ethylacetate and the extracts obtained were tested for hypoglycaemic activities in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and mice. The extracts (250 mg/kg body weight) were administered orally for 10 consecutive days to STZ-induced diabetic rats while a single dose (250 mg/kg body weight) of the extracts were administered to STZ-induced diabetic mice. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were determined in the two groups of animals after extract administration. There was significant reduction in FBG (P< 0.005) by MCF and ECF within 4 hrs of extract administration in a time- dependent manner. Furthermore, administration of MCF and ECF for 10 days significantly lowered FBG in STZ diabetic rats (P<0.005) by 74% and 68%, respectively, whereas, glibenclamide - a standard antidiabetic drug reduced FBG by 60%. The levels of serum creatinine, urea, triglyceride, total cholesterol, total protein and level of lipid peroxidation were also evaluated. The extracts reduced significantly (P<0.005) the elevated levels of serum ALT and AST in diabetic treated rats. Similarly, both extracts significantly lowered (P<0.005) the levels of serum creatinine, urea, total cholesterol, triglyceride and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS).These results suggest that Cnestis ferruginea leaves contain a highly potent hypoglycaemic principle and could be a potential source for isolation of new orally active antihyperglycaemic compounds for attenuating secondary complications of diabetes such as atherosclerosis, liver and renal dysfunction. (+info)
Tsue Chih Ku - Wikispecies
Lu Lingdi, Gu Cuizhi, Li Chaoluan, Alexander C., Bartholomew, B., Brach, A.R., Boufford, D.E., Ikeda, H. Ohba, H., Robertson, K.R. & Spongberg, S.A. 2003. Rosaceae. Pp. 46-434 in Wu Zhengyi, Raven, P.H. & Hong Deyuan (eds.), Flora of China, Vol. 9, Pittosporaceae through Connaraceae. Science Press, Beijing; Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. ISBN 1-930723-14-8. PDF Online Reference page ...
Tropicos | Name - !!Ranunculaceae Juss.
Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2020. Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis ...
5 Ways to Pass an Exam Without Studying - wikiHow
How to Pass an Exam Without Studying. If you have an upcoming exam that you have not studied for, then you might be seriously concerned about passing it. While studying well in advance of an exam is the best strategy for success, you may...
Connaraceae - Wikipedia
"Encyclopedia Britannica: Connaraceae plant family". Retrieved 24 April 2018. First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from ... Connaraceae is a pan-tropical plant family of 19 genera and more than 180 species of largely evergreen trees, woody shrubs and ... Fossil record of Connaraceae is sparse, reliable occurrences indicate that the family originated as early as the late ... 5 plate 267 "Connaraceae". The Plant List. Version 1.1. 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-18. Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016 ...
Prelude Medicinal Plants Database - Browse by plant name - 983412 | Königliches Museum für Zentralafrika - Tervuren - Belgien
Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika - Tervuren - België
Aglaea lamarckii | plant | Britannica.com
Sistema APG III - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Система APG IV - Википедия
APG III-systeem - Wikipedia
Plants Profile for Connarus semidecandrus
... and Connaraceae); see Ronse De Craene and Bull-Hereñu (2016) for literature. Connaraceae and Brunelliaceae have ovaries with ... CONNARACEAE R. Brown, nom. cons. - Back to Oxalidales. Shrubs or lianes, scrambling or twining, (trees); wood commonly ... Connaraceae are mostly woody lianes that twine in the apical parts of the innovations. They may be recognised by their ... Connaraceae have frequently been confused with Fabaceae. However, the two are not close, and can usually readily be ...
APG IV-rendszer - Wikipédia
Acanthaceae | Amaryllidaceae | Anacardiaceae | Annonaceae | Apocynaceae | Araceae - Palmae | Araliaceae | Asparagaceae |...
Phytochemical constituents and preliminary toxicity evaluation of leaves from Rourea induta Planch. (Connaraceae) | Braz. j....
Connaraceae) / Constituintes fitoquímicos e avaliação preliminar de toxicidade folhas de Rourea Induta Planch. (Connaraceae) ... Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plant Structures / Connaraceae Type of study: Evaluation studies ... Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plant Structures / Connaraceae Type of study: Evaluation studies ... analysis , Connaraceae/toxicity , Plant Structures/toxicity , Brazil , Plant Extracts/analysis , Plant Extracts/toxicity , ...
APG IV-systemet - Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi
Landscape Plants of China (in 2 Volumes), China Scientific Book Services:The Best Professional China Books
Rourea minor - Wikispecies
iAH Search interface 2.4 - Results of the search |page 1|
Vegetation assessment and forest dynamic study of various areas in Gabon from 2000 to 2018
Balinga, M., Sunderland, T., Walters, G., Issembe, Y., Asaha, S., & Fombod, E. 2006. A vegetation assessment of the Waka national park, Gabon. CARPE report - Engone Obiang, N.L., Ngomanda, A., White, L., Jeffery, K.J., Chézeaux, E., & Picard, N. 2012. A growth model for azobé, Lophira alata in Gabon. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 65-72. - Memiaghe, H.R., Lutz, J.A., Korte, L., Alonso, A., & Kenfack, D. 2016. Ecological Importance of Small-Diameter Trees to the Structure, Diversity and Biomass of a Tropical Evergreen Forest at Rabi, Gabon. PLOS ONE 11: e0154988. - Obiang, N.L.E., Ngomanda, A., Hymas, O., Chézeauxl, É., & Picard, N. 2014. Diagnosing the demographic balance of two light-demanding tree species populations in central Africa from their diameter distribution. Forest Ecology and Management 313: 55-62. - Obiang, N.L.E., Ngomanda, A., Mboma, R., Nzabi, T., Ngoye, A., Atsima, L., Ndjélé, L., Mate, J.-P., Lomba, C., & Picard, N. 2010. Spatial pattern of central African rainforests can ...
Composición florística del Parque Nacional Huatulco
Instituto de Pesquisas e Estudos Florestais IPEF
Vaskularne biljke - Wikipedija
Ammoides , Ammoselinum , Andriana , Anethum , Angelica , Anginon , Angoseseli , Anisopoda , Anisosciadium , Anisotome , Annesorhiza , Anthriscus , Aphanopleura , Apiastrum , Apiopetalum , Apium , Apodicarpum , Arafoe , Arctopus , Arcuatopterus , Arracacia , Artedia , Asciadium , Asteriscium , Astomaea , Astrantia , Astrodaucus , Astydamia , Athamanta , Atrema , Aulacospermum , Aulospermum , Austropeucedanum , Autumnalia , Azilia , Azorella , Berula , Bifora , Bilacunaria , Billburttia , Bolax , Bonannia , Bowlesia , Brachyscias , Bubon , Bunium , Bupleurum , Cachrys , Calyptrosciadium , Canaria , Cannaboides , Capnophyllum , Carlesia , Caropsis , Carum , Caucalis , Cenolophium , Centella , Cephalopodum , Cervaria , Chaerophyllopsis , Chaerophyllum , Chamaesciadium , Chamaesium , Chamarea , Changium , Chlaenosciadium , Chuanminshen , Chymsydia , Cicuta , Cnidium , Coaxana , Conioselinum , Conium , Conopodium , Coriandrum , Coristospermum , Cortia , Cortiella , Cotopaxia , Coulterophytum , ...
ITIS Standard Report Page: Oxalidales
Coccoloba uvifera - Wikispecies
special added volume sequences [UMass Amherst Libraries: Information Resources Management Staff Wiki ]
Protective Effect of Ethanol Extract of Roots of <i>Tetracera akara</i> (Burm. f.) Merr., on Carbon Tetrachloride-induced...
Tropicos | Name - !!Ranunculaceae Juss.
- Identification of the Toxic Principle of Cnestis glabra (Connaraceae) as Methionine sulfoximine. (jplantsciences.org)
- Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC (Connaraceae) methanolic root extract. (qxmd.com)
- Cnestis ferruginea (Connaraceae) is one of the plants used as a therapeutic agent in many cultures in tropical Africa. (innspub.net)
- Within the order Oxalidales, the Oxalidaceae and Connaraceae have compound leaves. (carnivorousplants.org)
- Connaraceae is a tropical family, the most important genera of which, Connarus (approximately 80 species) and Rourea (40-70 species) have a pan-tropical distribution. (wikipedia.org)
- Connaraceae) / Constituintes fitoquímicos e avaliação preliminar de toxicidade folhas de Rourea Induta Planch. (bvsalud.org)
- Rourea harmandiana Pierre is a species which belongs to the family of Connaraceae. (vjst.vn)
- A plant genus of the family CONNARACEAE. (bvsalud.org)
- Fossil record of Connaraceae is sparse, reliable occurrences indicate that the family originated as early as the late Cretaceous-Paleocene and was widespread by the early Miocene. (wikipedia.org)
- from Indian Cenozoic and its phytogeographical significance by MAHASIN ALI KHAN and SUBIR BERA - Journal of Earth System Science - July 2016, Volume 125, Issue 5, pp 1079-1087 A liana from the lower Miocene of Panama and the fossil record of Connaraceae by Nathan A Jud and Chris W Nelson - American Journal of Botany 2017 May 12;104(5):685-693. (wikipedia.org)
- This must be assumed to be the primitive condition, as is found in the allied Connaraceae. (cybertaxonomy.org)