Connaraceae: A plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that are tropical plants. The flowers are usually bisexual and have 5 sepals and petals; 5 or 10 stamens; and 1, 4, or usually 5 separate, one-chambered, female ovule-bearing structures (carpels).Polychaeta: A class of marine annelids including sandworms, tube worms, clamworms, and fire worms. It includes also the genus Myxicola infundibulum.Madagascar: One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)Gonorrhea: Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.BrazilEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy: Analysis of the energy absorbed across a spectrum of x-ray energies/wavelengths to determine the chemical structure and electronic states of the absorbing medium.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Sulfurtransferases: Enzymes which transfer sulfur atoms to various acceptor molecules. EC 2.8.1.Pseudotsuga: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are coniferous evergreen trees with long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch.Alexander Disease: Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.Douglas' Pouch: A sac or recess formed by a fold of the peritoneum.Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory: Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.BerlinStevens-Johnson Syndrome: Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Acacia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Costa RicaThiamphenicol: A methylsulfonyl analog of CHLORAMPHENICOL. It is an antibiotic and immunosuppressive agent.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Quercetin: A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.MexicoHistory, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Anoplura: An order of insects comprising the sucking lice, which are blood-sucking ectoparasites of mammals. Recognized families include: Echinphthiriidae, Haematopinidae, and Pediculidae. The latter contains the medically important genera affecting humans: PEDICULUS and PHTHIRUS.PeruKinesis: Locomotor behavior not involving a steering reaction, but in which there may be a turning random in direction. It includes orthokinesis, the rate of movement and klinokinesis, the amount of turning, which are related to the intensity of stimulation.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Ranunculaceae: The buttercup plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are usually alternate and stalkless. The flowers usually have two to five free sepals and may be radially symmetrical or irregular.MissouriThailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Nigella: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE.Anemone: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains triterpene saponins. The root of Anemone raddeana is the source of a Chinese folk medicine, zhu jie xian fu. The common name of liverwort is also used with other plants. This genus is unrelated to SEA ANEMONES.Malpighiaceae: A plant family of the order Polygalales, subclass Rosidae class, Magnoliopsida that are mostly shrubs and small trees. Many of the members contain indole alkaloids.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Selaginellaceae: A plant family of the order Selaginellales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. Members contain bilobetin. The rarely used common name of resurrection plant is mainly used with CRATEROSTIGMA.Book Reviews as Topic: Critical analyses of books or other monographic works.Arachnida: A class of Arthropoda that includes SPIDERS; TICKS; MITES; and SCORPIONS.Amoebozoa: A supergroup (some say phylum) of ameboid EUKARYOTES, comprising ARCHAMOEBAE; LOBOSEA; and MYCETOZOA.Book ReviewsAnnelida: A phylum of metazoan invertebrates comprising the segmented worms, and including marine annelids (POLYCHAETA), freshwater annelids, earthworms (OLIGOCHAETA), and LEECHES. Only the leeches are of medical interest. (Dorland, 27th ed)Alligators and Crocodiles: Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.Spiders: Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)

Genotoxicity detection of five medicinal plants in Nigeria. (1/2)

This study was performed to investigate the safety of Alchornea cordifolia, Cnestis ferruginea, Lonchocarpus sericeus, Trema orientalis, and Senna alata in respect to genotoxicity. These five medicinal plants are widely distributed in Africa. They are used as a traditional medicine in many African counties for the treatment of microbial, inflammatory, and stress-related diseases. To evaluate the bacterial reverse mutation of these five medicinal plants, the in vitro Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100, TA1535, and TA1537, and Escherichia coli WP2uvrA, with or without the addition of S9 mixture was performed. Concentrations used for this test were 625, 2,500, and 5,000 microg per plate. A. cordifolia, C. ferruginea, L. sericeus, and T. orientalis showed negative results in the bacterial reverse mutation test, suggesting that it is potentially safe for these plants to be used in medicinal plants supplements at high doses. However, our experiments suggest that S. alata is a potent mutagen. Therefore, further studies are needed to evaluate the carcinogenicity of S. alata in order to adequately assess the risks for human health.  (+info)

Hypoglycaemic and biochemical properties of Cnestis ferruginea. (2/2)

Increasing incidences of diabetes in Africa has prompted the search for safe and readily available alternative herbal remedies for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Cnestis ferruginea was extracted with methanol and ethylacetate and the extracts obtained were tested for hypoglycaemic activities in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and mice. The extracts (250 mg/kg body weight) were administered orally for 10 consecutive days to STZ-induced diabetic rats while a single dose (250 mg/kg body weight) of the extracts were administered to STZ-induced diabetic mice. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were determined in the two groups of animals after extract administration. There was significant reduction in FBG (P< 0.005) by MCF and ECF within 4 hrs of extract administration in a time- dependent manner. Furthermore, administration of MCF and ECF for 10 days significantly lowered FBG in STZ diabetic rats (P<0.005) by 74% and 68%, respectively, whereas, glibenclamide - a standard antidiabetic drug reduced FBG by 60%. The levels of serum creatinine, urea, triglyceride, total cholesterol, total protein and level of lipid peroxidation were also evaluated. The extracts reduced significantly (P<0.005) the elevated levels of serum ALT and AST in diabetic treated rats. Similarly, both extracts significantly lowered (P<0.005) the levels of serum creatinine, urea, total cholesterol, triglyceride and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS).These results suggest that Cnestis ferruginea leaves contain a highly potent hypoglycaemic principle and could be a potential source for isolation of new orally active antihyperglycaemic compounds for attenuating secondary complications of diabetes such as atherosclerosis, liver and renal dysfunction.  (+info)

Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2020. Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis ...
Connaraceae (1); Euphorbiaceae (1); Lecythidaceae (1); Maranthaceae (1); Melastomataceae (1); Anacardiaceae (1); Myrtaceae (1 ...
Connaraceae Connarus spp. Dilleniaceae Doliocarpus spp. (Neotropical "water vines") Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea spp.: the yam ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons. Oxalidaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Elaeocarpaceae Juss., nom. cons. ...
Connaraceae R.Br. Cunoniaceae R.Br. Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC. *Huaceae A.Chev. Oxalidaceae R.Br. Malpighiales Juss. ex Bercht ...
Connaraceae order 6. Rutales family 1. Rutaceae family 2. Rhabdodendraceae family 3. Cneoraceae family 4. Simaroubaceae family ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. ...
Mahasin Ali Khan; Subir Bera (2016). "First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from Indian Cenozoic and its ...
Fabaceae), Triplochiton scleroxylon (Malvaceae), Rourea coccinea (Connaraceae). Albizia sp., Bridelia micrantha, Ficus ...
... connaraceae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.842.249 --- crassulaceae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ...
... is a plant in the family Connaraceae. The specific epithet tomentosus is from the Latin meaning "thickly ...
... is a tree in the family Connaraceae. It is named for José Agama, a former Deputy Conservator of Forests in ...
... is a plant in the family Connaraceae. It is named for the Italian botanist Odoardo Beccari. Ellipanthus ...
... is a genus of plant in family Connaraceae. It contains the following species (list may be incomplete): Jollydora ...
... is a genus of plant in family Connaraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): ... Hemandradenia chevalieri, Stapf Hemandradenia mannii, Stapf "Connaraceae". The Plant List. Retrieved 7 February 2013. "Species ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. Connarus species are usually woody climbers, occasionally shrubs or ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. The generic name is from the Greek meaning "defective flower", ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is endemic to Gabon. Stévart, T. & Walters, G. (2016). " ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is found in Cameroon, Central African Republic, the ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is found in Ivory Coast and Ghana. It is ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is found in Cameroon and Nigeria. World Conservation ...
... (Indian zebrawood) is a species of plant in the family Connaraceae. It is native to peninsular Peninsular ...
... the oldest fossil Connaraceae?". IAWA Journal. 38 (1): 124-133. doi:10.1163/22941932-20170162. Mohamed I.A. Ibrahim; Mohamed K ... "A liana from the lower Miocene of Panama and the fossil record of Connaraceae". American Journal of Botany. 104 (5): 685-693. ...
Urticaceae and Connaraceae. Adults have a "sailing" flight flapping their wings and then gliding. They frequently perch and ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae, first described as a genus in 1891. It is native to west-central Africa ( ...
Connaraceae is a tropical plant family of 19 genera and more than 180 species. Agelaea Burttia Cnestidium Cnestis Connarus ... Fossil record of Connaraceae is sparse, reliable occurrences indicate that the family originated as early as the late ... 5 plate 267 "Connaraceae". The Plant List. Version 1.1. 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-18. Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016 ... doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1. First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from Indian Cenozoic and its phytogeographical ...
Connaraceae (1); Euphorbiaceae (1); Lecythidaceae (1); Maranthaceae (1); Melastomataceae (1); Anacardiaceae (1); Myrtaceae (1 ...
Connaraceae Connarus spp. Dilleniaceae Doliocarpus spp. (Neotropical "water vines") Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea spp.: the yam ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons. Oxalidaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Elaeocarpaceae Juss., nom. cons. ...
Connaraceae R.Br. Cunoniaceae R.Br. Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC. *Huaceae A.Chev. Oxalidaceae R.Br. Malpighiales Juss. ex Bercht ...
Connaraceae order 6. Rutales family 1. Rutaceae family 2. Rhabdodendraceae family 3. Cneoraceae family 4. Simaroubaceae family ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. ...
Mahasin Ali Khan; Subir Bera (2016). "First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from Indian Cenozoic and its ...
Fabaceae), Triplochiton scleroxylon (Malvaceae), Rourea coccinea (Connaraceae). Albizia sp., Bridelia micrantha, Ficus ...
Family : Connaraceae 5 reference(s) related to this plant. Reference HA 54 ...
In Connaraceae. …an agent against gonorrhea (A. lamarckii leaves, in Madagascar). The bark of R. glabra, when used in tanning, ...
... connaraceae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.842.249 --- crassulaceae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ...
Ellipanthus tomentosus is a plant in the family Connaraceae. The specific epithet tomentosus is from the Latin meaning "thickly ...
Connarus agamae is a tree in the family Connaraceae. It is named for José Agama, a former Deputy Conservator of Forests in ...
Ellipanthus beccarii is a plant in the family Connaraceae. It is named for the Italian botanist Odoardo Beccari. Ellipanthus ...
Jollydora is a genus of plant in family Connaraceae. It contains the following species (list may be incomplete): Jollydora ...
Hemandradenia is a genus of plant in family Connaraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): ... Hemandradenia chevalieri, Stapf Hemandradenia mannii, Stapf "Connaraceae". The Plant List. Retrieved 7 February 2013. "Species ...
Connaraceae R.Br.. *Cunoniaceae R.Br.. *Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC.. **Huaceae A.Chev. ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Elaeocarpaceae Juss., nom. cons. ...
Connaraceae Duration:. Growth Habit:. Native Status:. PB N. Data Source and Documentation. ...
Connarus is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. Connarus species are usually woody climbers, occasionally shrubs or ...
Ellipanthus is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. The generic name is from the Greek meaning "defective flower", ...
... and Connaraceae); see Ronse De Craene and Bull-Hereñu (2016) for literature. Connaraceae and Brunelliaceae have ovaries with ... CONNARACEAE R. Brown, nom. cons. - Back to Oxalidales. Shrubs or lianes, scrambling or twining, (trees); wood commonly ... Connaraceae are mostly woody lianes that twine in the apical parts of the innovations. They may be recognised by their ... Connaraceae have frequently been confused with Fabaceae. However, the two are not close, and can usually readily be ...
Jollydora pierrei is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is endemic to Gabon. Stévart, T. & Walters, G. (2016). " ...
  • Brown then discusses each family represented in the collection, in the process splitting up Bernard de Jussieu's Terebinthaceae, and publishing for the first time Connaraceae, Oxalidaceae, Chailletiaceae (now included in Dichapetalaceae), Chrysobalanaceae, Homaliaceae (now included in Salicaceae), Hydrophyllaceae (now Hydrophylloideae) and Phytolaccaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cnestis polyphylla, or itch pod, is a liane or scrambling shrub belonging to the family Connaraceae and occurring south from Kenya in East Tropical Africa through Mozambique and Zimbabwe to Southern Africa where it is found in coastal and escarpment forest in Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Swaziland and KwaZulu-Natal, and further south to the Eastern Cape. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cnestis ferruginea (Connaraceae) is one of the plants used as a therapeutic agent in many cultures in tropical Africa. (innspub.net)
  • Again in another work he says, the genera of the Connaraceae 'differ in having one or more ovaria, in the existence or absence of albumen, in the imbricate or valvular aestivation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This must be assumed to be the primitive condition, as is found in the allied Connaraceae. (cybertaxonomy.org)