A plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that are tropical plants. The flowers are usually bisexual and have 5 sepals and petals; 5 or 10 stamens; and 1, 4, or usually 5 separate, one-chambered, female ovule-bearing structures (carpels).

Genotoxicity detection of five medicinal plants in Nigeria. (1/2)

This study was performed to investigate the safety of Alchornea cordifolia, Cnestis ferruginea, Lonchocarpus sericeus, Trema orientalis, and Senna alata in respect to genotoxicity. These five medicinal plants are widely distributed in Africa. They are used as a traditional medicine in many African counties for the treatment of microbial, inflammatory, and stress-related diseases. To evaluate the bacterial reverse mutation of these five medicinal plants, the in vitro Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100, TA1535, and TA1537, and Escherichia coli WP2uvrA, with or without the addition of S9 mixture was performed. Concentrations used for this test were 625, 2,500, and 5,000 microg per plate. A. cordifolia, C. ferruginea, L. sericeus, and T. orientalis showed negative results in the bacterial reverse mutation test, suggesting that it is potentially safe for these plants to be used in medicinal plants supplements at high doses. However, our experiments suggest that S. alata is a potent mutagen. Therefore, further studies are needed to evaluate the carcinogenicity of S. alata in order to adequately assess the risks for human health.  (+info)

Hypoglycaemic and biochemical properties of Cnestis ferruginea. (2/2)

Increasing incidences of diabetes in Africa has prompted the search for safe and readily available alternative herbal remedies for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Cnestis ferruginea was extracted with methanol and ethylacetate and the extracts obtained were tested for hypoglycaemic activities in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and mice. The extracts (250 mg/kg body weight) were administered orally for 10 consecutive days to STZ-induced diabetic rats while a single dose (250 mg/kg body weight) of the extracts were administered to STZ-induced diabetic mice. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were determined in the two groups of animals after extract administration. There was significant reduction in FBG (P< 0.005) by MCF and ECF within 4 hrs of extract administration in a time- dependent manner. Furthermore, administration of MCF and ECF for 10 days significantly lowered FBG in STZ diabetic rats (P<0.005) by 74% and 68%, respectively, whereas, glibenclamide - a standard antidiabetic drug reduced FBG by 60%. The levels of serum creatinine, urea, triglyceride, total cholesterol, total protein and level of lipid peroxidation were also evaluated. The extracts reduced significantly (P<0.005) the elevated levels of serum ALT and AST in diabetic treated rats. Similarly, both extracts significantly lowered (P<0.005) the levels of serum creatinine, urea, total cholesterol, triglyceride and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS).These results suggest that Cnestis ferruginea leaves contain a highly potent hypoglycaemic principle and could be a potential source for isolation of new orally active antihyperglycaemic compounds for attenuating secondary complications of diabetes such as atherosclerosis, liver and renal dysfunction.  (+info)

Connaraceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Oxalidales, according to the classification system used by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG). It includes around 650 species of trees, shrubs, and lianas that are primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The family is characterized by its simple, alternate leaves and small, actinomorphic flowers with five sepals, five petals, and numerous stamens. The fruits of Connaraceae are typically dry, dehiscent capsules containing one to several seeds. Some members of this family have medicinal uses, including the treatment of skin conditions and gastrointestinal disorders.

"Encyclopedia Britannica: Connaraceae plant family". Retrieved 24 April 2018. First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from ... Wikispecies has information related to Connaraceae. Family Connaraceae Information about Oxalidales - Angiosperm Phylogeny ... Connaraceae is a pan-tropical plant family of 19 genera and more than 180 species of largely evergreen trees, woody shrubs and ... Fossil record of Connaraceae is sparse, reliable occurrences indicate that the family originated as early as the late ...
IPNI, Connaraceae, Type. POWO, Connaraceae. POWO, Flora of West Tropical Africa. Christenhusz, Fay & Chase 2017, pp. 303-304. ...
Connaraceae (1); Euphorbiaceae (1); Lecythidaceae (1); Maranthaceae (1); Melastomataceae (1); Anacardiaceae (1); Myrtaceae (1 ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons. Oxalidaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Elaeocarpaceae Juss., nom. cons. ...
Connaraceae R.Br. Cunoniaceae R.Br. Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC. *Huaceae A.Chev. Oxalidaceae R.Br. Malpighiales Juss. ex Bercht ...
Connaraceae order 6. Rutales family 1. Rutaceae family 2. Rhabdodendraceae family 3. Cneoraceae family 4. Simaroubaceae family ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. ...
One of his specialties was the plant family Connaraceae. Schellenberg's family had owned the weekly Wiesbadener Tagblatt ... Das Pflanzenreich (Vol 103): Connaraceae. W. Engelmann, 1938. "Die bis jetzt aus Neu-Guinea bekannt gewordenen Opiliaceae, ... "Die Connaraceen Papuasiens". [The Connaraceae of Papuasia]. Bot. Jahrb. 58: 178-181. 1923. The standard author abbreviation G. ...
Family: Connaraceae, Genus Cnestis: Cnestis polyphylla Lam. indigenous Family: Cunoniaceae, Genus Cunonia: Cunonia capensis L. ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Connaraceae. Its native range is Southern Tropical ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera). ...
Mahasin Ali Khan; Subir Bera (2016). "First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from Indian Cenozoic and its ...
Larvae feed mainly on Connaraceae, including Rourea. Other recorded larval food plants include Drypetes and Macadamia. Their ...
Manotes is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Connaraceae. Its native range is Western Tropical Africa to ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera). ...
... is a plant in the family Connaraceae. The specific epithet tomentosus is from the Latin meaning "thickly ... Connaraceae, Flora of Borneo, Flora of the Philippines, Flora of Sulawesi, Plants described in 1872, All stub articles, ...
... is a tree in the family Connaraceae. It is named for José Agama, a former Deputy Conservator of Forests in ... Connaraceae, Endemic flora of Borneo, Trees of Borneo, Flora of Sabah, Plants described in 1918, Flora of the Borneo lowland ...
... is a plant in the family Connaraceae. It is named for the Italian botanist Odoardo Beccari. Ellipanthus ... Connaraceae, Trees of Borneo, Trees of Sumatra, Plants described in 1898, Flora of the Borneo lowland rain forests, All stub ...
... is a genus of plant in family Connaraceae. It contains the following species (list may be incomplete): Jollydora ... Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ...
... is a genus of plant in family Connaraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): ... Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ... Hemandradenia chevalieri, Stapf Hemandradenia mannii, Stapf "Connaraceae". The Plant List. Retrieved 7 February 2013. "Species ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. Connarus species are usually woody climbers, occasionally shrubs or ... Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. The generic name is from the Greek meaning "defective flower", ... Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera, Taxa named by Joseph Dalton Hooker, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ...
Agelaea is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. According to The Plant List (note: only species listed as 'Accepted'): ... Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. They are found worldwide across the tropics and subtropics. Currently ... Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is endemic to Gabon. Stévart, T.; Walters, G. (2016). " ... Connaraceae, Endemic flora of Gabon, Vulnerable flora of Africa, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, ...
... is a species of plant in the family Connaraceae. It is found in Cameroon, Central African Republic, the ... Connaraceae, Flora of Cameroon, Flora of the Central African Republic, Flora of the Republic of the Congo, Flora of the ...
... is a large scandent shrub from the family Connaraceae. It has been recorded from Africa, tropical Asia and the ... Connaraceae, Plants described in 1788, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is found in Ivory Coast and Ghana. It is ... Connaraceae, Endangered plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is found in Cameroon and Nigeria. World Conservation ... Connaraceae, Vulnerable plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Oxalidales stubs). ...
Burttia is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Connaraceae. Its native range is Tanzania to Zambia. Species: ... Connaraceae, Oxalidales genera, Taxa named by Edmund Gilbert Baker, Taxa named by Arthur Wallis Exell). ...
"Encyclopedia Britannica: Connaraceae plant family". Retrieved 24 April 2018. First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from ... Wikispecies has information related to Connaraceae. Family Connaraceae Information about Oxalidales - Angiosperm Phylogeny ... Connaraceae is a pan-tropical plant family of 19 genera and more than 180 species of largely evergreen trees, woody shrubs and ... Fossil record of Connaraceae is sparse, reliable occurrences indicate that the family originated as early as the late ...
Ameliorative influence of cnestis ferruginea vahl ex DC (connaraceae) root extract on kainic acid-induced temporal lobe ... Ameliorative influence of cnestis ferruginea vahl ex DC (connaraceae) root extract on kainic acid-induced temporal lobe ... Ameliorative influence of cnestis ferruginea vahl ex DC (connaraceae) root extract on kainic acid-induced temporal lobe ... ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: the root decoction of Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC (Connaraceae) is widely used in traditional ...
Connarus odoratus #Connaraceae
Background and aims - A small cauliflorous treelet found in the South of Sino County in Liberia was identified as Jollydora in the field. This genus was, however, not yet known outside central Africa. The collection indeed proved to be a Jollydora and to represent an undescribed species, the fourth in the genus. Key results - The new forest species Jollydora armandui is described and illustrated here. It is the first Jollydora species known outside central Africa. It resembles J. duparquetiana, but the fruits of the new species are spindle-shaped and usually one-seeded and not pear-shaped and two-seeded. The new species is only known from the type locality in Liberia. Conservation Status - Because it is likely that the new species only lives in a relatively small area between Greenville and Buchanan, and because the forest where it grows is not protected, it should be listed as endangered until more is known about it.
Connaraceae, Convolvulaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Ebenaceae, Fabaceae, Icacinaceae, Lamiaceae, Labiatae, Loganiaceae, Malpighiaceae, ...
Connaraceae, Convolvulaceae, Dioscoreaceae, Ebenaceae, Fabaceae, Icacinaceae, Lamiaceae, Labiatae, Loganiaceae, Malpighiaceae, ...
connaraceae) ethanolic extract in rats. Author: Kossivi DOSSEH, Essonam TCHAMDJA, Kokou IDOH, Komlatsè TOGBENOU, Mamatchi ...
Connaraceae. 牛栓藤科. 6. FOC Vol. 9. 10216. Convolvulaceae. 旋花科. 20. FOC Vol. 16. ...
Schun and Thonn (Connaraceae). J. Pharm. Biores. 2006; 3 (2): 107-110. r-1. Aibinu, I, Adenipekun, E, Odugbemi, T. Emergence of ...
Connaraceae. Original Data. Remarks. Boliv.; Bras. (Amaz.). Links. Duplicate citation of. Rourea sprucei G.Schellenb., ...
I Casuarinaceae to Connaraceae. 352 pp. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico. ISBN 0-8477-2333- ...
Connaraceae) Antiinflammatory and Antinociceptive Effects of Galega purpurea Root Antinociceptive Effects of an Ethanolic ...
Connaraceae. Burttia prunoides 81228. 30 Nov 1993. CN Nkhoma. CN Nkhoma 60. MC Merello MO. Miombo woodland with some human ...
Connarus is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. Species are usually woody climbers, occasionally shrubs or tress. ...
Display a larger image and more item information when the pointer pauses over a thumbnail ...
Matthews ML, Endress PK (2002) Comparative floral structure and systematics in Oxalidales (Oxalidaceae, Connaraceae, ...
Connaraceae. 7/12. 58%. Convolvulaceae. 21/56. 37%. Coriariaceae. 1/1. 100%. ...
Connaraceae). Braz J Pharm Sci. 2011, 47: 1-8.. Article Google Scholar ...
Comparative floral structure and systematics in Oxalidales (Oxalidaceae, Connaraceae, Brunelliaceae, Cephalotaceae, Cunoniaceae ...
Connaraceae: *Rourea coccinea ssp. boiviniana https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/505872-Rourea-coccinea ...
Connaraceae in Southern Africa. Back to results. ...
Connaraceae Connally, Thomas T. (1877-1963) Connally, Nellie (1919-) conn. Conn-Selmer, Inc. ...
Connaraceae Ellipanthus tomentosus Ebenaceae Diospyros toposioides Moraceae Antiaris toxicaria Euphorbiaceae Macaranga ...
Connaraceae: Connarus. Harvard University Herbaria Barcode(s). 00043530. Type Status. Isotype. Collector. R. E. Schultes & B. P ...
Connaraceae Ellipanthus tomentosus Lauraceae Endiandra coriacea Euphorbiaceae Endospermum peltatum Annonaceae Enicosanthum ...
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Chen, C. M., Lane, H. Y., Wu, Y. R., Ro, L. S., Chen, F. L., Hung, W. L., Hou, Y. T., Lin, C. Y., Huang, S. Y., Chen, I. C., Soong, B. W., Li, M. L., Hsieh-Li, H. M., Su, M. T. & Lee-Chen, G. J., 2005 10月 15, 於: Schizophrenia Research. 78, 2-3, p. 131-136 6 p.. 研究成果: 雜誌貢獻 › 期刊論文 › 同行評審 ...
  • Connaraceae is a tropical family, the most important genera of which, Connarus (approximately 80 species) and Rourea (40-70 species) have a pan-tropical distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ameliorative influence of cnestis ferruginea vahl ex DC (connaraceae) root extract on kainic acid-induced temporal lobe epilepsy in mice: Role of oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. (iasp-pain.org)
  • ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: the root decoction of Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC (Connaraceae) is widely used in traditional African medicine for the treatment of various ailments including pain, inflammation and epilepsy. (iasp-pain.org)
  • Connaraceae is a pan-tropical plant family of 19 genera and more than 180 species of largely evergreen trees, woody shrubs and climbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Connaraceae are typically evergreen trees, shrubs or climbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fossil record of Connaraceae is sparse, reliable occurrences indicate that the family originated as early as the late Cretaceous-Paleocene and was widespread by the early Miocene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Connaraceae is a tropical family, the most important genera of which, Connarus (approximately 80 species) and Rourea (40-70 species) have a pan-tropical distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pp. 315-322 in Flora of Tropical Africa , Vol. 1, Ranunculaceae to Connaraceae. (wikimedia.org)