A class of marine annelids including sandworms, tube worms, clamworms, and fire worms. It includes also the genus Myxicola infundibulum.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
Analysis of the energy absorbed across a spectrum of x-ray energies/wavelengths to determine the chemical structure and electronic states of the absorbing medium.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Enzymes which transfer sulfur atoms to various acceptor molecules. EC 2.8.1.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are coniferous evergreen trees with long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch.
Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.
A sac or recess formed by a fold of the peritoneum.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
A methylsulfonyl analog of CHLORAMPHENICOL. It is an antibiotic and immunosuppressive agent.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
An order of insects comprising the sucking lice, which are blood-sucking ectoparasites of mammals. Recognized families include: Echinphthiriidae, Haematopinidae, and Pediculidae. The latter contains the medically important genera affecting humans: PEDICULUS and PHTHIRUS.
Locomotor behavior not involving a steering reaction, but in which there may be a turning random in direction. It includes orthokinesis, the rate of movement and klinokinesis, the amount of turning, which are related to the intensity of stimulation.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
The buttercup plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are usually alternate and stalkless. The flowers usually have two to five free sepals and may be radially symmetrical or irregular.
A plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that are tropical plants. The flowers are usually bisexual and have 5 sepals and petals; 5 or 10 stamens; and 1, 4, or usually 5 separate, one-chambered, female ovule-bearing structures (carpels).
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains triterpene saponins. The root of Anemone raddeana is the source of a Chinese folk medicine, zhu jie xian fu. The common name of liverwort is also used with other plants. This genus is unrelated to SEA ANEMONES.
A plant family of the order Polygalales, subclass Rosidae class, Magnoliopsida that are mostly shrubs and small trees. Many of the members contain indole alkaloids.

Genotoxicity detection of five medicinal plants in Nigeria. (1/2)

This study was performed to investigate the safety of Alchornea cordifolia, Cnestis ferruginea, Lonchocarpus sericeus, Trema orientalis, and Senna alata in respect to genotoxicity. These five medicinal plants are widely distributed in Africa. They are used as a traditional medicine in many African counties for the treatment of microbial, inflammatory, and stress-related diseases. To evaluate the bacterial reverse mutation of these five medicinal plants, the in vitro Ames test using Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100, TA1535, and TA1537, and Escherichia coli WP2uvrA, with or without the addition of S9 mixture was performed. Concentrations used for this test were 625, 2,500, and 5,000 microg per plate. A. cordifolia, C. ferruginea, L. sericeus, and T. orientalis showed negative results in the bacterial reverse mutation test, suggesting that it is potentially safe for these plants to be used in medicinal plants supplements at high doses. However, our experiments suggest that S. alata is a potent mutagen. Therefore, further studies are needed to evaluate the carcinogenicity of S. alata in order to adequately assess the risks for human health.  (+info)

Hypoglycaemic and biochemical properties of Cnestis ferruginea. (2/2)

Increasing incidences of diabetes in Africa has prompted the search for safe and readily available alternative herbal remedies for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Cnestis ferruginea was extracted with methanol and ethylacetate and the extracts obtained were tested for hypoglycaemic activities in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and mice. The extracts (250 mg/kg body weight) were administered orally for 10 consecutive days to STZ-induced diabetic rats while a single dose (250 mg/kg body weight) of the extracts were administered to STZ-induced diabetic mice. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were determined in the two groups of animals after extract administration. There was significant reduction in FBG (P< 0.005) by MCF and ECF within 4 hrs of extract administration in a time- dependent manner. Furthermore, administration of MCF and ECF for 10 days significantly lowered FBG in STZ diabetic rats (P<0.005) by 74% and 68%, respectively, whereas, glibenclamide - a standard antidiabetic drug reduced FBG by 60%. The levels of serum creatinine, urea, triglyceride, total cholesterol, total protein and level of lipid peroxidation were also evaluated. The extracts reduced significantly (P<0.005) the elevated levels of serum ALT and AST in diabetic treated rats. Similarly, both extracts significantly lowered (P<0.005) the levels of serum creatinine, urea, total cholesterol, triglyceride and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS).These results suggest that Cnestis ferruginea leaves contain a highly potent hypoglycaemic principle and could be a potential source for isolation of new orally active antihyperglycaemic compounds for attenuating secondary complications of diabetes such as atherosclerosis, liver and renal dysfunction.  (+info)

Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2020. Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis ...
How to Pass an Exam Without Studying. If you have an upcoming exam that you have not studied for, then you might be seriously concerned about passing it. While studying well in advance of an exam is the best strategy for success, you may...
Connaraceae (1); Euphorbiaceae (1); Lecythidaceae (1); Maranthaceae (1); Melastomataceae (1); Anacardiaceae (1); Myrtaceae (1 ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons. Oxalidaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Elaeocarpaceae Juss., nom. cons. ...
Connaraceae R.Br. Cunoniaceae R.Br. Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC. *Huaceae A.Chev. Oxalidaceae R.Br. Malpighiales Juss. ex Bercht ...
Connaraceae order 6. Rutales family 1. Rutaceae family 2. Rhabdodendraceae family 3. Cneoraceae family 4. Simaroubaceae family ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. ...
One of his specialties was the plant family Connaraceae. Schellenberg's family had owned the weekly Wiesbadener Tagblatt ... Das Pflanzenreich (Vol 103): Connaraceae. W. Engelmann, 1938. "Die bis jetzt aus Neu-Guinea bekannt gewordenen Opiliaceae, ... "Die Connaraceen Papuasiens". [The Connaraceae of Papuasia]. Bot. Jahrb. 58: 178-181. 1923. The standard author abbreviation G. ...
Connaraceae R.Br.. *Cunoniaceae R.Br.. *Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC.. **Huaceae A.Chev. ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Elaeocarpaceae Juss., nom. cons. ...
cons., Connaraceae R.Br. (1818), nom. cons., Cunoniaceae R.Br. (1814), nom. cons., Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC. (1816), nom. ...
Family: Connaraceae, Genus Cnestis: Cnestis polyphylla Lam. indigenous Family: Cunoniaceae, Genus Cunonia: Cunonia capensis L. ...
Mahasin Ali Khan; Subir Bera (2016). "First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from Indian Cenozoic and its ...
Larvae feed mainly on Connaraceae, including Rourea. Other recorded larval food plants include Drypetes and Macadamia. Their ...
Connaraceae • Oxalidaceae • Cunoniaceae • Elaeocarpaceae • Cephalotaceae • Brunelliaceae) ...
... is a plant in the family Connaraceae. The specific epithet tomentosus is from the Latin meaning "thickly ...
... is a tree in the family Connaraceae. It is named for José Agama, a former Deputy Conservator of Forests in ...
... is a plant in the family Connaraceae. It is named for the Italian botanist Odoardo Beccari. Ellipanthus ...
... is a genus of plant in family Connaraceae. It contains the following species (list may be incomplete): Jollydora ...
... is a genus of plant in family Connaraceae. It contains the following species (but this list may be incomplete): ... Hemandradenia chevalieri, Stapf Hemandradenia mannii, Stapf "Connaraceae". The Plant List. Retrieved 7 February 2013. CS1 maint ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Oxalidaceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons. ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. Connarus species are usually woody climbers, occasionally shrubs or ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. The generic name is from the Greek meaning "defective flower", ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Connaraceae. They are found worldwide across the tropics and subtropics. Currently ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is endemic to Gabon. Stévart, T. & Walters, G. (2016). " ...
... is a species of plant in the family Connaraceae. It is found in Cameroon, Central African Republic, the ...
... is a large scandent shrub from the family Connaraceae. It has been recorded from Africa, tropical Asia and the ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is found in Ivory Coast and Ghana. It is ...
... is a species of plant in the Connaraceae family. It is found in Cameroon and Nigeria. World Conservation ...
Burttia is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Connaraceae. Its native range is Tanzania to Zambia. Species: ...
... is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Connaraceae. Its native range is Tanzania, Myanmar. Species ...
"Encyclopedia Britannica: Connaraceae plant family". Retrieved 24 April 2018. First fossil evidence of Connaraceae R. Br. from ... Connaraceae is a pan-tropical plant family of 19 genera and more than 180 species of largely evergreen trees, woody shrubs and ... Fossil record of Connaraceae is sparse, reliable occurrences indicate that the family originated as early as the late ... 5 plate 267 "Connaraceae". The Plant List. Version 1.1. 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-18. Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016 ...
Family : Connaraceae 16 reference(s) related to this plant. Reference HA 57 ...
Family : Connaraceae 5 reference(s) related to this plant. Reference HA 54 ...
In Connaraceae. …an agent against gonorrhea (A. lamarckii leaves, in Madagascar). The bark of R. glabra, when used in tanning, ...
Connaraceae R.Br.. *Cunoniaceae R.Br.. *Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC.. **Huaceae A.Chev. ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Elaeocarpaceae Juss., nom. cons. ...
cons., Connaraceae R.Br. (1818), nom. cons., Cunoniaceae R.Br. (1814), nom. cons., Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC. (1816), nom. ...
Connaraceae Duration:. Growth Habit:. Native Status:. PB N. Data Source and Documentation. ...
... and Connaraceae); see Ronse De Craene and Bull-Hereñu (2016) for literature. Connaraceae and Brunelliaceae have ovaries with ... CONNARACEAE R. Brown, nom. cons. - Back to Oxalidales. Shrubs or lianes, scrambling or twining, (trees); wood commonly ... Connaraceae are mostly woody lianes that twine in the apical parts of the innovations. They may be recognised by their ... Connaraceae have frequently been confused with Fabaceae. However, the two are not close, and can usually readily be ...
Connaraceae • Oxalidaceae • Cunoniaceae • Elaeocarpaceae • Cephalotaceae • Brunelliaceae) ...
Connaraceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Oxalidaceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Cunoniaceae R.Br., nom. cons. ...
Connaraceae). Braz. J. Pharm. Sci., Sept 2011, vol.47, no.3, p.635-642. ISSN 1984-8250. · abstract in english , portuguese · ...
Huaceae [[Connaraceae + Oxalidaceae] [Cunoniaceae [Elaeocarpaceae [Brunelliaceae + Cephalotaceae]]]]. Malpighiales. [ ... Connaraceae, Conostylidaceae, Convallariaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cordiaceae, Coreopsidaceae, Coriandraceae, Coriariaceae, ...
Balinga, M., Sunderland, T., Walters, G., Issembe, Y., Asaha, S., & Fombod, E. 2006. A vegetation assessment of the Waka national park, Gabon. CARPE report - Engone Obiang, N.L., Ngomanda, A., White, L., Jeffery, K.J., Chézeaux, E., & Picard, N. 2012. A growth model for azobé, Lophira alata in Gabon. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 65-72. - Memiaghe, H.R., Lutz, J.A., Korte, L., Alonso, A., & Kenfack, D. 2016. Ecological Importance of Small-Diameter Trees to the Structure, Diversity and Biomass of a Tropical Evergreen Forest at Rabi, Gabon. PLOS ONE 11: e0154988. - Obiang, N.L.E., Ngomanda, A., Hymas, O., Chézeauxl, É., & Picard, N. 2014. Diagnosing the demographic balance of two light-demanding tree species populations in central Africa from their diameter distribution. Forest Ecology and Management 313: 55-62. - Obiang, N.L.E., Ngomanda, A., Mboma, R., Nzabi, T., Ngoye, A., Atsima, L., Ndjélé, L., Mate, J.-P., Lomba, C., & Picard, N. 2010. Spatial pattern of central African rainforests can ...
Connaraceae, Marantaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Elaeocarpaceae, Polygalaceae, Hernandiaceae, Cannaceae, Araceae, Olacaceae, ...
ex Schult.) Kuntze (Chrysobalanaceae) e Connarus detersus Planch. (Connaraceae). As an lises com rela o ao grupo ecol gico ...
Ammoides , Ammoselinum , Andriana , Anethum , Angelica , Anginon , Angoseseli , Anisopoda , Anisosciadium , Anisotome , Annesorhiza , Anthriscus , Aphanopleura , Apiastrum , Apiopetalum , Apium , Apodicarpum , Arafoe , Arctopus , Arcuatopterus , Arracacia , Artedia , Asciadium , Asteriscium , Astomaea , Astrantia , Astrodaucus , Astydamia , Athamanta , Atrema , Aulacospermum , Aulospermum , Austropeucedanum , Autumnalia , Azilia , Azorella , Berula , Bifora , Bilacunaria , Billburttia , Bolax , Bonannia , Bowlesia , Brachyscias , Bubon , Bunium , Bupleurum , Cachrys , Calyptrosciadium , Canaria , Cannaboides , Capnophyllum , Carlesia , Caropsis , Carum , Caucalis , Cenolophium , Centella , Cephalopodum , Cervaria , Chaerophyllopsis , Chaerophyllum , Chamaesciadium , Chamaesium , Chamarea , Changium , Chlaenosciadium , Chuanminshen , Chymsydia , Cicuta , Cnidium , Coaxana , Conioselinum , Conium , Conopodium , Coriandrum , Coristospermum , Cortia , Cortiella , Cotopaxia , Coulterophytum , ...
50782 specimens found in the database ...
Connaraceae (1); Euphorbiaceae (1); Lecythidaceae (1); Maranthaceae (1); Melastomataceae (1); Anacardiaceae (1); Myrtaceae (1 ...
I Casuarinaceae to Connaraceae. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, Puerto Rico. ISBN 0-8477-2333-X ...
Connaraceae R. Br., 1818 - 2 spp. *Crossosomataceae Engl., 1897 - 1 sp. *Brunelliaceae Engl., 1897 - 1 sp. Coriariales * ...
Connaraceae 56 Yes Convolvulaceae 110 Yes Cornaceae 88 Yes Crassulaceae 61 Yes ...
Connaraceae Connarus elsae Forero EC Convolvulaceae Dicranostyles mildbraediana Pilg. BO Dicranostyles sericea Gleason EC ...
Connaraceae). J Ethnopharmacol 2010;129(1):46-52.. *Lin SC, Lin CH, Lin CC, Lin YH, Chen CF, Chen IC, et al. Hepatoprotective ...
Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. 2(1): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. ...
Connaraceae) aqueous leaf extract. Int J Appl Res Nat Prod. 2010;3(2):1-11.Google Scholar. ...
Fabales [Fabanae, Fabineae] ,--Quillaja [Quillajaceae] ,--Connaraceae , ,--Connaroideae , `--Jollydora [Jollydoroideae] ,-- ...
Comparative floral structure and systematics in Oxalidales (Oxalidaceae, Connaraceae, Brunelliaceae, Cephalotaceae, Cunoniaceae ...
Faimily Connaraceae. *Faimily Cunoniaceae. *Faimily Elaeocarpaceae. *Faimily Huaceae. *Faimily Oxalidaceae (wid sorrel faimily) ...
stem (Connaraceae). In Switzerland, three triazoles (terconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole) and eight imidazoles (clotrimazole ...
  • Identification of the Toxic Principle of Cnestis glabra (Connaraceae) as Methionine sulfoximine. (jplantsciences.org)
  • Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC (Connaraceae) methanolic root extract. (qxmd.com)
  • Cnestis ferruginea (Connaraceae) is one of the plants used as a therapeutic agent in many cultures in tropical Africa. (innspub.net)
  • Connaraceae is a tropical family, the most important genera of which, Connarus (approximately 80 species) and Rourea (40-70 species) have a pan-tropical distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rourea harmandiana Pierre is a species which belongs to the family of Connaraceae. (vjst.vn)
  • Within the order Oxalidales, the Oxalidaceae and Connaraceae have compound leaves. (carnivorousplants.org)
  • I put them in this order because the leaf structure of the Oxalidaceae and Connaraceae is similar to the Cephalotus ancestral leaf structure. (carnivorousplants.org)
  • Of these "relatives", the species in the Oxalidaceae and Connaraceae have compound leaves. (carnivorousplants.org)
  • Connaraceae is a pan-tropical plant family of 19 genera and more than 180 species of largely evergreen trees, woody shrubs and climbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Connaraceae are typically evergreen trees, shrubs or climbers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fossil record of Connaraceae is sparse, reliable occurrences indicate that the family originated as early as the late Cretaceous-Paleocene and was widespread by the early Miocene. (wikipedia.org)
  • This must be assumed to be the primitive condition, as is found in the allied Connaraceae. (cybertaxonomy.org)