The mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.
Tumors or cancer of the CONJUNCTIVA.
An abnormal triangular fold of membrane in the interpalpebral fissure, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea, being immovably united to the cornea at its apex, firmly attached to the sclera throughout its middle portion, and merged with the conjunctiva at its base. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Conjunctivitis due to hypersensitivity to various allergens.
A chronic blistering disease with predilection for mucous membranes and less frequently the skin, and with a tendency to scarring. It is sometimes called ocular pemphigoid because of conjunctival mucous membrane involvement.
Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.
The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The fluid secreted by the lacrimal glands. This fluid moistens the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA.
Inflammation of the eyelids.
The tear-forming and tear-conducting system which includes the lacrimal glands, eyelid margins, conjunctival sac, and the tear drainage system.
A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Corneal and conjunctival dryness due to deficient tear production, predominantly in menopausal and post-menopausal women. Filamentary keratitis or erosion of the conjunctival and corneal epithelium may be caused by these disorders. Sensation of the presence of a foreign body in the eye and burning of the eyes may occur.
Simultaneous inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva.
Tumors or cancer of the EYE.
An annular transitional zone, approximately 1 mm wide, between the cornea and the bulbar conjunctiva and sclera. It is highly vascular and is involved in the metabolism of the cornea. It is ophthalmologically significant in that it appears on the outer surface of the eyeball as a slight furrow, marking the line between the clear cornea and the sclera. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 3d ed)
Diseases affecting the eye.
The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Mild to severe infections of the eye and its adjacent structures (adnexa) by adult or larval protozoan or metazoan parasites.
A chronic infection of the CONJUNCTIVA and CORNEA caused by CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS.
Sterile solutions that are intended for instillation into the eye. It does not include solutions for cleaning eyeglasses or CONTACT LENS SOLUTIONS.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
Tumors of cancer of the EYELIDS.
Disorders of increased melanin pigmentation that develop without preceding inflammatory disease.
A sensory branch of the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. The ophthalmic nerve carries general afferents from the superficial division of the face including the eyeball, conjunctiva, upper eyelid, upper nose, nasal mucosa, and scalp.
Purulent infections of the conjunctiva by several species of gram-negative, gram-positive, or acid-fast organisms. Some of the more commonly found genera causing conjunctival infections are Haemophilus, Streptococcus, Neisseria, and Chlamydia.
Stratified squamous epithelium that covers the outer surface of the CORNEA. It is smooth and contains many free nerve endings.
The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.
The pigmented vascular coat of the eyeball, consisting of the CHOROID; CILIARY BODY; and IRIS, which are continuous with each other. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion. When found in association with XEROSTOMIA and polyarthritis, it is called SJOGREN'S SYNDROME.
Diseases of the cornea.
General disorders of the sclera or white of the eye. They may include anatomic, embryologic, degenerative, or pigmentation defects.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The POLLEN is one cause of HAYFEVER.
A bright bluish pink compound that has been used as a dye, biological stain, and diagnostic aid.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
A clinical manifestation consisting of an unnatural paleness of the skin.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A form of fluorescent antibody technique commonly used to detect serum antibodies and immune complexes in tissues and microorganisms in specimens from patients with infectious diseases. The technique involves formation of an antigen-antibody complex which is labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)
The hairs which project from the edges of the EYELIDS.
An infection of the eyes characterized by the presence in conjunctival epithelial cells of inclusion bodies indistinguishable from those of trachoma. It is acquired by infants during birth and by adults from swimming pools. The etiological agent is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS whose natural habitat appears to be the genito-urinary tract. Inclusion conjunctivitis is a less severe disease than trachoma and usually clears up spontaneously.
Substances which are of little or no therapeutic value, but are necessary in the manufacture, compounding, storage, etc., of pharmaceutical preparations or drug dosage forms. They include SOLVENTS, diluting agents, and suspending agents, and emulsifying agents. Also, ANTIOXIDANTS; PRESERVATIVES, PHARMACEUTICAL; COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS; OINTMENT BASES.
Chronic, localized granulomatous infection of mucocutaneous tissues, especially the NOSE, and characterized by HYPERPLASIA and the development of POLYPS. It is found in humans and other animals and is caused by the mesomycetozoean organism RHINOSPORIDIUM SEEBERI.
Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.
A type I keratin that is found associated with the KERATIN-3 in the CORNEA and is regarded as a marker for corneal-type epithelial differentiation. Mutations in the gene for keratin-12 have been associated with MEESMANN CORNEAL EPITHELIAL DYSTROPHY.
Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.
The front third of the eyeball that includes the structures between the front surface of the cornea and the front of the VITREOUS BODY.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
A genus in the order Dermocystidium, class MESOMYCETOZOEA. It causes RHINOSPORIDIOSIS in MAMMALS and BIRDS.
Diseases of the lacrimal apparatus.
A gel-forming mucin that is primarily found on the surface of gastric epithelium and in the RESPIRATORY TRACT. Mucin 5AC was originally identified as two distinct proteins, however a single gene encodes the protein which gives rise to the mucin 5A and mucin 5C variants.
Inflammation of the cornea.
Any surgical procedure for treatment of glaucoma by means of puncture or reshaping of the trabecular meshwork. It includes goniotomy, trabeculectomy, and laser perforation.
High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.
Injury to any part of the eye by extreme heat, chemical agents, or ultraviolet radiation.
An EPITHELIUM with MUCUS-secreting cells, such as GOBLET CELLS. It forms the lining of many body cavities, such as the DIGESTIVE TRACT, the RESPIRATORY TRACT, and the reproductive tract. Mucosa, rich in blood and lymph vessels, comprises an inner epithelium, a middle layer (lamina propria) of loose CONNECTIVE TISSUE, and an outer layer (muscularis mucosae) of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS that separates the mucosa from submucosa.
Visible accumulations of fluid within or beneath the epidermis.
A mixture of alkylbenzyldimethylammonium compounds. It is a bactericidal quaternary ammonium detergent used topically in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, as a surgical antiseptic, and as a as preservative and emulsifier in drugs and cosmetics.
A type II keratin that is found associated with the KERATIN-13 in the internal stratified EPITHELIUM. Defects in gene for keratin-4 are a cause of HEREDITARY MUCOSAL LEUKOKERATOSIS.
Inflammation, often mild, of the conjunctiva caused by a variety of viral agents. Conjunctival involvement may be part of a systemic infection.
The invasion of living tissues of man and other mammals by dipterous larvae.
The sebaceous glands situated on the inner surface of the eyelids between the tarsal plates and CONJUNCTIVA.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.

First report of Thelazia sp. from a captive Oriental white stork (Ciconia boyciana) in Japan. (1/1498)

Nematodes of the genus Thelazia were recovered from the cornea and inferior conjunctival sac of an immature Oriental white stork (Ciconia boyciana). The bird hatched and reared at the Toyooka Oriental White Stork Breeding Center, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, but died of chlamydiosis. There were neither gross nor histopathologic ophthalmic lesions. The eye worm from a bird is believed to be first reported in Japan. As regarding reintroduction plan for the Oriental white stork, control measures for prevent further infection with the eye worm will be needed.  (+info)

Epithelial hyperproliferation and transglutaminase 1 gene expression in Stevens-Johnson syndrome conjunctiva. (2/1498)

In Stevens-Johnson syndrome, pathological keratinization of the ordinarily nonkeratinized corneal and conjunctival mucosal epithelia results in severe visual loss. We examined conjunctiva covering cornea in five eyes in the chronic cicatricial phase of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Normal conjunctiva from five age-matched individuals was studied also. The number of epithelial cells in Stevens-Johnson syndrome conjunctiva that were immunoreactive with a monoclonal antibody, Ki-67, to a nuclear antigen found only in proliferating cells was greater than normal (93.8+/-19.8 cells above 100 basal cells versus 12.8+/-0.5 cells above 100 basal cells; P = 0.009). In addition, although clinical inflammation was mild, massive lymphocytic infiltration was seen in the substantia propria of conjunctiva covering cornea. In situ hybridization documented transglutaminase 1 (keratinocyte transglutaminase) mRNA in suprabasal cells of the abnormally thickened conjunctival epithelium in all Stevens-Johnson syndrome patients. In contrast, no message was detected in normal conjunctival or corneal epithelia. Transglutaminase 1 is expressed during the terminal differentiation of keratinocytes where it helps synthesize cornified cell envelopes. We speculate that in Stevens-Johnson syndrome, epithelial hyperproliferation, and transglutaminase 1 gene expression lead to the pathological keratinization of ocular surface mucosal epithelia.  (+info)

Effect of intracarotid prostaglandin E1 on regional cerebral blood flow in man. (3/1498)

The effect of prostaglandin E1 on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was studied with the intra-arterial 133Xe method in ten awake patients under local anesthesia. Measurements were taken from 16 areas of a hemisphere in seven patients, from 35 areas of a hemisphere in two patients and from 256 areas of a hemisphere in one patient. The prostaglandin was dissolved from the crystalline state without the aid of alcohol. It was given intracarotidly as a constant infusion at a rate of 5 ng per kilogram per minute for five minutes before the measurement and continued during the measurement. In every patient a mild increase in blood flow during the prostaglandin infusion was seen. The flow increase took place in all parts of the hemisphere. It averaged 11.2% (p less than 0.01). During the infusion, the skin supplied by the internal carotid artery and the conjunctiva on the infused side became red and sometimes swollen. A slight pressure was noted by most patients, but none had pain. No side effects of the infusion were noted.  (+info)

Hyaluronan synthase expression in bovine eyes. (4/1498)

PURPOSE: Hyaluronan (HA), a high-molecular-weight linear glycosaminoglycan, is a component of the extracellular matrix (ECM). It is expressed in eyes and plays important roles in many biologic processes, including cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation. Hyaluronan is produced by HA synthase (HAS), which has three isoforms: HAS1, HAS2, and HAS3. In this study, the HAS expression in the anterior segment of bovine eyes was investigated to determine the significance of HA in eyes. METHODS: To obtain bovine HAS probes, degenerate oligonucleotide primers, based on well-conserved amino acid sequences including the catalytic region of each HAS isoform, were used for reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to amplify mRNA from bovine corneal endothelial cells (BCECs). Hyaluronan synthase-1 expression in the anterior segment of bovine eyes at the protein level was investigated by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: All three HAS isoforms were expressed in BCECs at the mRNA level. Amplified cDNA fragments of HAS1, HAS2, and HAS3 from BCECs can be aligned to human counterparts, showing similarities of 100%, 97.3%, and 100%, respectively, at the amino acid level. Hyaluronan synthase 1 was expressed at the protein level in corneal epithelium, keratocyte, corneal endothelium, conjunctival epithelium, ciliary epithelium, capillary endothelium, and trabecular meshwork. CONCLUSIONS: Hyaluronan synthase isoforms were expressed in the ocular anterior segment and are speculated to be involved in HA production in situ.  (+info)

Effects of benzalkonium chloride on growth and survival of Chang conjunctival cells. (5/1498)

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the action of benzalkonium chloride (BAC), used as a preservative in most ophthalmic topical solutions, on epithelial conjunctival cells in vitro. METHODS: A continuous human conjunctival cell line (Wong-Kilbourne derivative of Chang conjunctiva) was exposed to BAC solutions at various concentrations (0.1%-0.0001%) during a period of 10 minutes. Cells were examined before treatment and 3, 24, 48, and 72 hours later, after reexposure to normal cell culture conditions. Cell number and viability were assessed with crystal violet and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide colorimetric assays. The expression of the apoptotic marker Apo 2.7, nuclear antigen p53, membrane proteins Fas and Fas ligand, and DNA content was studied by flow cytometry. Morphologic aspects of cell nuclei were analyzed on slides with a nucleic acid-specific dye, 4',6'-diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride. Cytoskeleton was labeled with a monoclonal anti-pancytokeratin antibody. In addition, apoptosis was measured by DNA electrophoresis assays in agarose gel. RESULTS: Cell exposure to 0.1% and 0.05% BAC induced cell lysis immediately after treatment. All cells (100%) treated with 0.01% BAC died in a delayed manner within 24 hours, with most of the characteristics of apoptosis (chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation, reduction in cell volume, expression of the apoptotic marker Apo 2.7, and apoptotic changes in DNA content). Aliquots of 0.005%, 0.001%, 0.0005%, and 0.0001% BAC induced growth arrest and apoptotic cell death in a dose-dependent manner between 24 and 72 hours after treatment. The expressions of Fas and p53 did not vary after BAC treatment. Fas ligand was always negative. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that BAC induces cell growth arrest and death at a concentration as low as 0.0001%. The mode of BAC-induced cell death is dose-dependent. Cells die by necrosis after BAC treatment at high concentrations and by apoptosis if low concentrations of BAC are applied. This new aspect of in vitro toxicity of BAC could in part explain some ocular surface disorders observed in patients undergoing long-term topical treatments with preservative-containing drugs.  (+info)

A single amino acid in the adenovirus type 37 fiber confers binding to human conjunctival cells. (6/1498)

A 46-kDa receptor, coxsackievirus-adenovirus (Ad) receptor (CAR), mediates cell attachment of a number of different Ad serotypes; however, not all Ad serotypes utilize this receptor for infection. Moreover, the precise amino acid sequences in the Ad fiber protein that mediate cell attachment have yet to be identified. We investigated the interaction of subgroup D Ads with human ocular cells. Ad serotype 37 (Ad37), a virus associated with epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, but not a closely related virus serotype, Ad19p, exhibited preferential binding to and infection of human conjunctival cells. A single amino acid substitution in the Ad19p fiber distal domain (knob), Glu240 to Lys, conferred binding to conjunctival cells, while the reverse substitution in the Ad37 fiber abrogated cell binding. These findings provide new information on the fiber sequences that regulate Ad host cell tropism.  (+info)

Ocular injuries from liquid golf ball cores. (7/1498)

Tissue removed from nine new cases from 18 hours to 20 weeks after injury by a golf ball contained crystalline and other foreign material to which there was a mild inflammatory reaction followed by macrophagic activity and fibrosis. Optical and electron probe analysis showed that the crystalline material was crushed barytes containing small quantities of muscovite as is typical in natural deposits. The centres of several golf balls were shown to contain essentially identical material. By contrast with previous reports, no zinc sulphide was found. The form and frequent location of the deposits in the conjunctiva as compared with cornea and eyelid is related to the structure of these tissues.  (+info)

Conjunctival epithelial cell differentiation on amniotic membrane. (8/1498)

PURPOSE: Amniotic membrane (AM)-reconstructed conjunctival surfaces recover the normal epithelial phenotype with a significantly higher cell density than the control. The present study was undertaken to examine how AM modulates rabbit conjunctival epithelial cell differentiation. METHODS: Rabbit conjunctival epithelial cells (RCEs) were cultured on the basement membrane side of dispase-pretreated AM, with or without seeding rabbit conjunctival fibroblasts (RCFs) on the stromal side. After 7 to 12 days, half of the cultures were raised to the air-liquid interface, and the remainder stayed submerged. A small group of air-lifted cultures containing RCFs was treated with retinoic acid. After 1, 2, and 4 weeks, cultures were terminated and processed for immunostaining with antibodies directed against distinct types of mucins (SMC and AM3), glycocalyx (AMEM2), keratin K3 (AE5), and K12 (AK2). Additionally, western blot analysis was performed for K3 keratin expression. Ultrastructural changes were evaluated by transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: In general, RCEs grown on AM were uniformly small, negative to AE5 and AK2 antibodies, and positive to AMEM2 and ASPG1 antibodies. Epithelial stratification and cell polarity with prominent microvilli, tight junctions, and hemidesmosomes were more pronounced in air-lifted cultures. RCEs cocultured with RCFs showed scattered AM3-positive goblet cells, which were not increased by retinoic acid. CONCLUSIONS: RCEs cultured on AM primarily exhibit a nongoblet conjunctival epithelial phenotype. Epithelial stratification and cell polarity, features essential for epithelial differentiation, are promoted by air-lifting. This culture model will be useful for studying how growth and differentiation of conjunctival epithelial cells can be modulated further.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Signal transduction through CD16 in human conjunctival epithelial cells. AU - Fujihara, T.. AU - Takeuchi, T.. AU - Saito, K.. AU - Tsubota, K.. PY - 1996/2/15. Y1 - 1996/2/15. N2 - Purpose. Recently epithelial cells are considered to be involved in the regulation of immunological reactions. We examined whether three types of Fc gamma receptors including Fcg RI, II, III (CD64, CD32, CD16, respectively) were expressed in human conjunctival epithelial cells. Methods. Conjunctival epithelial cells were isolated from normal human volunteers by brush cytology. Human conjunctival epithelial cell line (ChWK) was also used for the following analysis. Expression of Fc gamma receptors on thses cells were analyzed by indirect immunofluorescence using a flow cytometry. To characterize Fc gamma receptor, biotin-labeled cells were lysed and immunoprecipitated, followed by SDS-PAGE, and blotting onto PVDF membrane. The signals were detected by ECL chemiluminescent system. Furthermore, ...
Purpose : TRPV cation channels are osmo-mechano-and-thermo-sensitive membrane proteins. These proteins are extensively involved in pathophysiology including inflammation and pain. Hyperosmotic tears and ocular surface inflammation are hallmarks of dry eye condition. Here we explore expression and osmotic modulation of TRPV1 and TRPV4 in human conjunctival epithelial cells (hCjE). Methods : hCjE cells were cultured to confluence in supplemented Keratinocyte Serum Free Medium (GIBCO). Presence of TRPV mRNA and proteins in hCjE were determined by Reverse Transcription-Quantitative-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot analysis, respectively. Results : The RT-qPCR and western blot studies confirm the presence of TRPV1, TRPV2 and TRPV4 mRNA and proteins in hCjE cells. None of the TRPC genes were detected in the hCjE cells. Incubation of hCjE cells for 24h with 5 μM GSK 1016790A (a specific TRPV4 agonist) upregulated the TRPV4 gene by 58 folds (SEM=0.23, N=3, P=0.0001) compared to ...
Purpose: : Epithelial cells from several mucosal sites (including conjunctiva) have been shown to actively participate during inflammatory episodes by producing and secreting cytokines and chemokines. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of cytokines/chemokine secretion from conjunctival epithelial cells under the effect of Th1 and Th2-type cytokines to further clarify the role of conjunctival epithelium in ocular surface inflammation. Methods: : IOBA-NHC (normal human conjunctival) epithelial cells were exposed to Th1- (IFN-γ and TNF-α) or Th2- (IL-4 and IL-13) derived cytokines for 48 h. Time dependency (30 min, 2 h and 24 h) of TNF-α induced cytokine/chemokine secretion was additionally studied. Cytokine/chemokine production was determined in supernatants by a 22-multiplex bead-based assay in a Luminex 100-IS. Additionally, eotaxin-2 and -3 production was analyzed with by ELISA. Results: : After 48 h of Th1 stimulation, cells produced high levels of IL-1α, IL-6, IL8, RANTES ...
The conventional technique of impression cytology provides a non-invasive method for the evaluation of conjunctival epithelium alterations. Using indirect immunofluorescence procedures two inflammatory markers, class II MHC antigens HLA DR and the receptor to IgE (CD23), were sought in impression cytology specimens obtained from 80 patients. In normal subjects conjunctival epithelial cells did not show any reactivity. Only scattered dendritic cells were found to express class II antigens but not the receptor to IgE. In contrast patients with chronic conjunctivitis of various aetiologies, mainly infectious or allergic, had 40-100% of brightly positive conjunctival cells for one or both antigens. In these cases epithelial cells and goblet cells reacted similarly. Twenty four eyes in 12 patients with idiopathic dry eye syndrome disclosed results similar to those from normal conjunctival specimens. However 18 other specimens from patients suffering from idiopathic tear deficiency but undergoing ...
Synonyms for conjunctiva in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for conjunctiva. 16 words related to conjunctiva: eye, oculus, optic, eyelid, lid, palpebra, bulbar conjunctiva, conjunctival layer of bulb, tunica conjunctiva bulbi.... What are synonyms for conjunctiva?
View Notes - Lecture 5a-Vision.pdf from CHEMISTRY 432 at San Diego State University. Sectional Anatomy of the Eye Ora serrata Fornix Palpebral conjunctiva Posterior cavity (Vitreous chamber
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the components for fibroblast mediated prevention of T cell apoptosis were present in vivo in human conjunctiva. This is the first report of the in vivo production of IFNβ by HTF, staining positive in the conjunctiva of three of our glaucoma patients. In addition, the conjunctiva of our glaucoma patients contained T lymphocytes. Therefore, our study has that all the components for this particular fibroblast/T cell interaction were present in human conjunctiva.. T cell/fibroblast interactions appear to have an important role in the development of abnormal scarring.2 Hitchings and Grierson showed that early trabeculectomy failures were associated with excessive inflammation and increased conjunctival fibroblast numbers.14 Nuzzi et al demonstrated that the preoperative conjunctiva of repeat filtration surgery patients contained an increased number of activated T lymphocytes and fibroblasts.15 In our study, T lymphocytes and IFNβ producing ...
Candia, O.A., Shi, X.P., and Alvarez, L.J. (1998). Reduction in water permeability of the rabbit conjunctival epithelium by hypotonicity. Exp. Eye Res. 66, 615-624.. Candia, O.A., Patarca, R., and Alvarez, L.J. (1998). Reduction of water permeability by anisotonic solutions in frog corneal epithelium. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 39, 378-384.. Alvarez, L.J., Candia, O.A., Turner, H.C., and Zamudio, A.C. (1999). Phorbol ester modulation of active ion transport across the rabbit conjunctival epithelium. Exp. Eye Res. 69, 33-44.. Turner, H.C., Alvarez, L.J., and Candia, O.A. (2000). Cyclic AMP-dependent stimulation of basolateral K(+)conductance in the rabbit conjunctival epithelium. Exp. Eye Res. 70, 295-305.. Turner, H.C., Alvarez, L.J., Bildin, V.N., and Candia, O.A. (2000). Immunolocalization of Na-K-ATPase, Na-K-Cl and Na-glucose cotransporters in the conjunctival epithelium. Curr. Eye Res. 21, 843-850.. Turner, H.C., Alvarez, L.J., and Candia, O.A. (2001). Identification and localization of ...
The conjunctiva is examined by direct inspection. The bulbar conjunctiva is directly visible between the eyelids the palpebral conjunctiva can only be examined
Figure 1A: Bulbar conjunctiva of the left eye imaged in a 50 degrees red-free mode with the RFI. Temporal conjunctiva of the patients left eye with microangiopa
Shunting to the subconjunctival space involves the mechanism of diverting aqueous humor to the subconjunctival space from an ab interno stent placed in the angle through a clear corneal incision. The device was created to solve a major problem with tube shunts and trabeculectomy, which is that pressure can reduce, but prevention of hypotony relies on subjective scarring and suture tightness. Shunting to the sub conjunctiva was designed to prevent excessively low pressures and reduce reliance on subjective measures to dictate flow. A bleb is created but it is a more diffuse, low, and less cystic bleb than that with a trabeculectomy. A comfort level with treating blebs post-operatively, such as needling, is required so likely glaucoma specialists and those comfortable with trabeculectomies will find the benefit of this procedure most.. ...
Impression cytology is fast, easy to perform, economical and noninvasive technique for the diagnosis of conjunctival eye diseases. Conjunctival impression cytology using cellulose acetate filter paper of the ocular surface epithelium with no side effects or contraindication. In this article, technique of conjunctival impression cytology is reviewed ...
68 sentence examples: 1. Several live worms were found in his conjunctiva sac. 2. The conjunctiva often remains intact, but subconjunctival bleeding can produce circumferential bloody chemosis (shown). 3. Incisions in sclera and bulbar conjunctiva we
Location of the redness can be important so a brief review of eye anatomy is important. The term conjunctivitis means inflammation of the conjunctiva (singular) or conjunctivae (plural). The conjunctiva is usually described as having three parts, all of which are thin, transparent layers of mucous membrane. The most external and easily observable portion is that which overlies the white portion (sclera) of the eyeball itself. This is called the bulbar or ocular conjunctiva. It covers the entire sclera, but it does not cover the central anterior portion of the eyeball (the cornea). That is, it extends onto the eyeball up to, but not beyond, the limbus. The limbus is the union of the cornea and the sclera and a conjunctivitis limited to the limbus is an important clue to more serious cause of a red eye. When the bulbar conjunctiva is normal (not inflamed), it cannot be differentiated from the sclera beneath it, because it is clear. Another portion of the conjunctiva, visible if the eyelids are ...
Detta protokoll visar samtidig upptäckt av reaktiva syrearter (ROS), levande celler och döda celler i levande primära kulturer från...
bulbar-conjunctiva definition: Noun (plural bulbar conjunctivas or bulbar conjunctivae) 1. (anatomy) One of three parts of the conjunctiva, the bulbar conjunctiva is the conjunctiva covering the eyeball, over the sclera. ...
Olopatadine is an inhibitor of the release of histamine from the mast cell and a relatively selective histamine H1?antagonist that inhibits the in vivo and in vitro type 1 immediate hypersensitivity reaction including inhibition of histamine induced effects on human conjunctival epithelial cells. Olopatadine is devoid of effects on alpha adrenergic, dopamine and muscarinic type 1 and 2 receptors. Following topical ocular administration in human, olopatadine was shown to have low systemic exposure.. ...
Disorders of the conjunctiva and cornea are a common source of eye complaints. The surface of the eye is exposed to various external influences and is especially suspectible to trauma, infections, and allergic reactions. The conjunctiva is best known because of its inflamed state, conjunctivitis (more commonly known as pinkeye). Conjunctival irritation is one of the adverse health effects that can take place after overexposure to VOCs (Volatile organic compounds). ...
Conjunctiva (of the eye) - a thin delicate mucous membrane that covers the front of the eyes and also lines the insides of the eyelids. The thickness and other characteristics of the conjunctiva vary according to location across the front of these eye.
The bulbar conjunctival microvessels are typically imaged with a high-magnification slit lamp with green filters.[24][25][26] With such high-magnification imaging systems, it is possible to see groups of individual red blood cells flowing in vivo.[24] Fundus cameras may also be used for low-magnification wide field-of-view imaging of the bulbar conjunctival microvasculature. Modified fundus cameras have been used to measure conjunctival blood flow [27] and to measure blood oxygen saturation.[23] Fluorescein angiography has been used to study the blood flow of the bulbar conjunctiva and to differentiate the bulbar conjunctival and episcleral microcirculation.[28][29][30] ...
NHE8, the latest characterized NHE isoform in the NHE family, has been shown to participate in transmembrane electrolyte exchange and mucosal protection in the intestine and the kidney (25, 49-51). Although NHE8 is expressed in the epithelial cells in the intestine and the kidney, whether NHE8 is expressed in the ocular surface epithelia remains unknown (25, 49). In the present study, we showed that NHE8 mRNA is expressed in human and mouse eyes. Similar to NHE8 protein localization in the intestinal epithelial cells (49, 50), NHE8 is also located at the plasma membrane of the epithelial cells in the conjunctiva, the cornea, and the lacrimal glands in human and mouse eye tissues. The presence of NHE8 in the ocular surface epithelia suggests a possible role of this protein in ocular function.. Tear film plays a very important role in ocular protection. It is believed that the majority of tears is produced by lacrimal glands, but the ocular epithelial cells, especially conjunctiva, could also ...
Intestinal epithelial cells condition tolerogenic properties in DCs. Aqueous-deficient dry eye is associated with goblet cell (GC) loss and increased IFN-γ expression in the conjunctiva. We hypothesized that loss of GCs reduces tolerance-inducing properties of antigen presenting cells (APCs) in the conjunctiva and draining nodes. Mice lacking the SAM pointed domain containing ETS transcription factor (Spdef) that is required for GC differentiation had an increased frequency of macrophages in the conjunctiva and CD11b+CD11c+ DCs in the conjunctiva and draining nodes, and these cells had greater IL-12 expression than WT mice. Conditioned media from cultured WT conjunctival GCs suppressed LPS-induced IL-12 production by conjunctival APCs. OVA antigen-specific OTII CD4+ T cells primed by Spdef-KO draining lymph node APCs showed greater proliferation, lower frequency of Foxp3+, increased frequency of IFN-γ+ and IL-17+ cells, and greater IFN-γ production than those primed by WT APCs. The immune ...
The substantia propria (or stroma of cornea) is fibrous, tough, unyielding, and perfectly transparent. It is composed of about 200 flattened lamellæ, superimposed one on another.[1] These fibrils run at different angles between limbi. Fibres of the layers frequently interweave, the anterior lamellæ interweaving more than posterior lamellæ. The fibres of each lamella are parallel with one another, but at right angles to those of adjacent lamellæ. The lamellæ are produced by keratocytes, which occupy about 10% of the substantia propria. These lamellæ are made up of bundles of modified connective tissue, the fibres of which are directly continuous with those of the sclera. More collagen fibres run in a temporal-nasal direction than run in the superior-inferior direction. This is often ignored by corneal transplant surgeons, leading to poor corneal mechanical strength in corneal transplant patients. Keratoconus is a condition caused by disorganised lamellæ, leading to a bulbous cornea. ...
Avoid contamination with skin flora. Collect swab of conjunctiva using an ESwab (preferred) or a sterile swab wetted with sterile saline and placed in a cup. Inoculate scraping of corneal ulcer, or washing of lacrimal duct onto a SAB plate, also inoculate a sterile glass slide for a direct smear. Avoid contamination with skin flora. Do not incubate. For optimum recovery, send directly to MLabs. If specimen must be stored, refrigerate immediately after specimen collection. May be refrigerated up to 24 hrs. Specify fungal species suspected. Indicate specimen source, collection date/time, current antibiotic or antifungal therapy and clinical diagnosis on requisition. If an unacceptable specimen is received, the client will be notified before disposal of the original specimen.. ...
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Data collected for conjunctival swab study from October 2014 to May 2016 including collection method, subject number, eye, date, indication, number of injections in the last 6 months, 12 months, antibiotic used, age of patient, gender, organisms cultured and antibiotics to which those organisms were found resistant.
Chan MC, Chan RW, Yu WC, Ho CC, Yuen KM, Fong JH, Tang LL, Lai WW, Lo AC, Chui WH, Sihoe AD, Kwong DL, Wong DS, Tsao GS, Poon LL, Guan Y, Nicholls JM, Peiris JS: Tropism and innate host responses of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus in ex vivo and in vitro cultures of human conjunctiva and respiratory tract. Am J Pathol; 2010 Apr;176(4):1828-40 ...
Conjunctivitis - which is also known as pink eye - is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a thin transparent layer that covers the white part of your eye. Inflammation of the conjunctiva is considered very common especially among children in school age. It is also very contagious and can be transmitted from one person to another.. Many things can cause this inflammation including viruses, bacteria, allergic agents such as dust and other chemicals that can irritate such as smoke and certain shampoos. Conjunctivitis is not considered a major problem, but you should still be careful. If your baby has a pink eye, you should immediately consult a doctor ...
Top 10 tissues for 1362_s_at (Homo sapiens, Affymetrix Probeset): umbilical cord blood derived CD34 hematopoietic stem / progenitor cell, neutrophil granulocyte, peripheral blood CD4 naive T-cell, suprabasal epidermis cell, basal epidermis cell, osteoblast like cell, tarsal conjunctiva, conjunctiva, coronary artery endothelium cell, tonsillar germinal center B-cell
TY - JOUR. T1 - A case of primary jejunal endocrine cell carcinoma. AU - Takenaka, Ryuta. AU - Tomoda, Jun. AU - Makidono, Chiho. AU - Murakami, Takako. AU - Kondo, Junichi. AU - Yoshioka, Toshifumi. AU - Sakata, Tatsuro. AU - Hirota, Shigeru. AU - Ohkawa, Takaomi. AU - Fuchimoto, Sadanori. AU - Yanai, Hiroyuki. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - A 60-year-old man visited our hospital for the purpose of further examination of the anemia. Physical examination showed no abnormalities except that his palpebral conjunctiva was slightly anemic. Laboratory data were as follws ; RBC 432 × 104/mm3, Hb 11.5 g/dl, Ht 38.4%, Fe 22 μg/dl, Ferritin 25.4 ng/dl, CA19-9 134.4 ng/ml, and CEA 0.6 U/ml. Double contrast radiography of the small bowel revealed annular stenosis in the jejunum. Digital endoscopic examination showed an ulcerated, circumscribed tumor with clearly defined sharp margins and coated with dirty whitish exudate, like type 2 carcinoma in Borrmanns gross classification. We made a diagnosis of ...
Aaron Feser, O.D.. When our eyes are uncomfortable, the answer or reason is usually not as simple as you might think. Allergies, poor tear film, plugged oil glands, oral medications, systemic health problems (example arthritis), or a combination of those issues and others can certainly make our eyes itch and burn.. The term that is used to describe those factors together is Ocular Surface Disease. The ocular surface is the tissues that make up the front surface of the eye. They include the cornea, tear film, eyelids, and conjunctiva (the clear covering over the whites of our eyes). When the ocular surface is inflamed it not only causes discomfort, but also affects the quality of our vision. We all know that inflammation in the joints in our body give us achy hands and knees, for example. Inflammation also makes our ocular surface hurt. The doctors and staff at Vision Care Associates are dedicated to providing you with the most clear and comfortable vision possible which goes beyond the ...
In anatomy, the tears of three layers. The first layer (mucin) layer that is attached to the cornea and is produced by goblet cells in the conjunctiva. The second layer in the middle layer akuos, produced by the main lacrimal gland and lacrimal glands of Krause and extras such as lymph glands fornik wolfring found on the conjunctiva. ...
Figure 4: A small purulent abscess was present under corneal epithelium in the substantia propria (or stroma of cornea) (H&E stain, original magnification x10 ...
Diagnosis Code 372.89 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, ICD-10 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Diagnosis Code 372.64 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, ICD-10 conversion and references to the diseases index.
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Hylo-Parin is an eye drop wets and protects the cornea and conjunctiva and relieves ocular irritation caused by environmental factors. Calm redness, burning and itchy eyes.
Two unique eye drops which stimulate the production of all three tear film layers while supporting the health of the cornea, conjunctiva and eye lid.
The slit lamp exam is usually performed during eye exams. It looks for any diseases or abnormalities in the anterior portion of the eye, which includes the eyelids, lashes, lens, conjunctiva, cornea, and iris.
Looking for online definition of superior conjunctival fornix in the Medical Dictionary? superior conjunctival fornix explanation free. What is superior conjunctival fornix? Meaning of superior conjunctival fornix medical term. What does superior conjunctival fornix mean?
Looking for online definition of substantia propria membranae tympani in the Medical Dictionary? substantia propria membranae tympani explanation free. What is substantia propria membranae tympani? Meaning of substantia propria membranae tympani medical term. What does substantia propria membranae tympani mean?
The conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that covers the sclera and lines the inside of the eyelids. Throughout the conjunctiva are goblet cells that secrete mucins to protect the eye. Chronic inflammatory diseases such as allergic conjunctivitis and early dry eye lead to increased goblet cell mucin secretion into tears and ocular surface disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the actions of the inflammatory mediators, the leukotrienes and the proresolution resolvins, on secretion from cultured rat and human conjunctival goblet cells. We found that both cysteinyl leukotriene (CysLT) receptors, CysLT(1) and CysLT(2,) were present in rat conjunctiva and in rat and human cultured conjunctival goblet cells. All leukotrienes LTB(4), LTC(4), LTD(4), and LTE(4), as well as PGD(2), stimulated goblet cell secretion in rat goblet cells. LTD(4) and LTE(4) increased the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), and LTD(4) activated ERK1/2. The CysLT(1) receptor antagonist MK571 ...
The purpose of this research is to compare the histological and immunohistochemical changes induced by fixed combinations of timolol maleate and prostaglandin analogues in the rabbit conjunctiva. Thirty left eyes of rabbits, divided into three groups, were treated for 30 days with the following combinations of drugs: bimatoprost 0.03% + timolol 0.5%, travoprost 0.004% + timolol 0.5% and latanoprost 0.005 + timolol 0.5%. The right eyes served as controls and received no medication. At the end of the experiment, after enucleation, the conjunctivas were assessed through histomorphometry (number of inflammatory and goblet cells, epithelial thickness) and immunohistochemistry (anti-actin antibody to assess the degree of fibrosis). Histomorphometrically, there was infiltration of inflammatory cells in all the treated eyes. An increased number of goblet cells was observed with the use of all fixed combinations of prostaglandin analogues associated with timolol maleate in comparison with the control group. The
Purpose: To compare the outcomes of conjunctival autograft fixation using autologous serum vs fibrin glue to cover the bare sclera in pterygium excision surgery.. Study Design: Quasi experimental study.. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Ophthalmology Department of CMH Kharian from April 2018 to November 2018.. Material and Methods: Forty patients with primary pterygium were selected by convenient sampling technique. Patients with recurrent Pterygia and moderate to severe dry eyes, keratitis or secondary to trauma were excluded. The patients were divided into two groups, group A treated with fibrin glue and group B treated with autologous serum technique. All patients underwent pterygium excision under topical anaesthesia. The conjunctival autograft was removed from superior temporal bulbar conjunctiva to cover the scleral bed produced by pterygium excision. Post operatively the patients were followed-up for three months to assess the fixation or otherwise. Data was noted ...
An accurate description of human primary and recurrent pterygium histopathology was previously performed by Chui et al. in 2011 [22]. The authors launched the hypothesis that primitive cell clusters of basal epithelial cells are responsible for the invasive behavior and recurrences of human pterygium through their activation as a result of UV radiation. Using thymine dimer immunostaining, we observed clusters of intensely stained positive thymine dimer cells grouping in the basal portion of the epithelium from primary pterygium. Moreover, for recurrent pterygium, only scattered basal cells retained positivity for thymine dimers as a sign of a possible lack of the DNA repair mechanism. It is already recognized that the defects in the DNA repair mechanism can cause genetic instability, increased and uncontrolled proliferation, and irreversible errors in protein sequences [8]. The persistence of thymine dimer positive basal cells from the recurrent pterygium specimens observed in the present study ...
Concretion in the palpebral conjunctiva, is called conjunctival concretion, that is a (or a cluster) small, hard, yellowish-white calcified matter, superficially buried beneath the palpebral conjunctiva. Most of concretions in the eye form in the palpebral conjunctiva, which is a clear membrane to surround the inside of the eyelid. Less can be located in the cornea and retina. Chronic conjunctivitis (e.g. trachoma) and aging factor are two causes of conjunctival concretion, which will make the conjunctiva cellular degeneration to produce an epithelial inclusion cyst, filled with epithelial cells and keratin debris. After calcification, the conjunctival cyst hardens and forms a conjunctival concretion. Congenital conjunctival concretion condition is also more common. Conjunctival concretions are generally asymptomatic. Common symptoms include eye discomfort, eye irritation, and foreign body sensation. Sometimes, the larger, harder or multiple concretions make the rubbing off of the superficial ...
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects at 1 year of preservative-free timolol gel and preserved timolol eye drops on conjunctiva and tear parameters. METHODS: Forty patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension were randomized to the two treatment groups and compared with 20 healthy age-matched controls. Clinical tests (IOP, Schirmer I test, and lacrimal film break-up time BUT) and in vivo conjunctival confocal microscopy (IVCM) were performed in all patients at baseline and after 12 months. IVCM (HRT II Rostock Cornea Module; Heidelberg Engineering GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany) was performed after topical anaesthesia in the four cardinal locations and at the corresponding limbus to analyse conjunctiva cells. The main IVCM outcomes were goblet cell density and epithelial regularity. RESULTS: IVCM and clinical parameters were similar in the three groups at baseline. After 12 months, intra-epithelial goblet cell density was significantly lower in the preserved (48.25 ± 7.70) than in the ...
Results: Patients with OA and OID demonstrated increased hyperreflectivity of corneal (71% and 78%) and conjunctival SE (63% and 42%) as compared to controls (0%). SE cell border reflectivity in the area of tight junctions was increased in the cornea for OA and OID (83%) and the conjunctiva (77% OA; 70% OID) compared to controls (0% cornea; 11% conjunctiva). While central corneal DC density was lower in acute OA (46.8±31 cells/mm2) vs. acute OID (83.7±37) cases, patients with chronic OA (256.3±243) had higher DC density compared to chronic OID (65.6±56; p,0.05). In the peripheral cornea, a 35% (acute OA) and 90% (chronic OA) increase in DC density was observed as compared to controls. Moreover, conjunctival DC density was significantly increased in both OA (131.2±100) and OID (234.4±206) as compared to controls (17.5±16.2; p,0.05). Finally, conjunctival vessels demonstrated increased immune cell adhesion in OA (5.5±0.7 cells/100μm vessel length) and OID (5.7±1.7) compared to controls ...
Patients with recurrent pterygia without symblepharon were randomly assigned to undertake pterygium excision followed by amniotic membrane associated with a small conjunctival autograft (2x3mm) or conjunctival autograft (approximately 5x8mm) alone. The patients were examined after 1, 7, 30, 90, 180 and 360 days after the surgery. Recurrence was considered as a fibrovascular ingrowth of 1.5 mm or more beyond the limbus with conjunctival drag ...
Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most common pathogen in postoperative endophthalmitis and causes various infectious eye diseases. However, there is very little information on fluoroquinolone antibiotic resistance to S. epidermidis identified in conjunctival microbe and analysis of related genes. Here, the authors investigated the rate of resistance to fluoroquinolones of Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from normal conjunctival microbes and mutations in the quinolone-resistance determining region (QRDR). 377 eye samples from 187 patients who underwent intravitreal injection and cataract surgery were included. Specimens were taken from the bilateral lower conjunctival sacs using a cotton swab and cultured. The cultures were identified using MALDI-TOP MS and gyrA, gyrB, parC, and parE gene mutations of QRDR were confirmed by DNA extraction from resistant strains of S. epidermidis with a micro-dilution method using ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, and moxifloxacin. The culture positive rate was 61.8%
symblepharon is a partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball. It results either from disease (conjunctival sequelae of Trachoma) or trauma. Cicatricial pemphigoid[1] and, in sever
symblepharon is a partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball. It results either from disease (conjunctival sequelae of Trachoma) or trauma. Cicatricial pemphigoid[1] and, in sever
symblepharon is a partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball. It results either from disease (conjunctival sequelae of Trachoma) or trauma. Cicatricial pemphigoid[1] and, in sever
symblepharon is a partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball. It results either from disease (conjunctival sequelae of Trachoma) or trauma. Cicatricial pemphigoid[1] and, in sever
symblepharon is a partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball. It results either from disease (conjunctival sequelae of Trachoma) or trauma. Cicatricial pemphigoid[1] and, in sever
symblepharon is a partial or complete adhesion of the palpebral conjunctiva of the eyelid to the bulbar conjunctiva of the eyeball. It results either from disease (conjunctival sequelae of Trachoma) or trauma. Cicatricial pemphigoid[1] and, in sever
Purpose: Scarring after glaucoma filtering surgery remains the most frequent cause for bleb failure. The aim of this study was to assess if the postoperative injection of bevacizumab reduces the number of postoperative subconjunctival 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) injections. Further, the effect of bevacizumab as an adjunct to 5-FU on the intraocular pressure (IOP) outcome, bleb morphology, postoperative medications, and complications was evaluated. Methods: Glaucoma patients (N = 61) who underwent trabeculectomy with mitomycin C were analyzed retrospectively (follow-up period of 25 ± 19 months). Surgery was performed exclusively by one experienced glaucoma specialist using a standardized technique. Patients in group 1 received subconjunctival applications of 5-FU postoperatively. Patients in group 2 received 5-FU and subconjunctival injection of bevacizumab. Results: Group 1 had 6.4 ± 3.3 (0-15) (mean ± standard deviation and range, respectively) 5-FU injections. Group 2 had 4.0 ± 2.8 (0-12) (mean ±
This differs from its effect in vivo, in which impression cytology specimens of conjunctival surfaces recon- structed with amniotic membrane demonstrated a goblet cell density almost 10 times that of control eyes. Pain scores) may be compared with a non-parametric alesse 28 problems such as a Pr oblems 17test. 3 Al esse der TraМnenfunktion Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Sicca-Syndrom, TraМnenmangel, s.
Visual health consists of many aspects of the eye, including parts you cannot see on the surface of the eye. Learning the structures and functions of the eye are the best way to understand how to keep the eyes healthy and why eye diseases may occur. Here is an overview of the anatomy of the human eye.. Eyelid. The eyelid consists of two movable folds which protect the eye. At the edge of the eyelid are 2 to 3 rows of eyelashes, called CILIA. The eyelids consist of multiple layers. From outer to inner most layer: the skin, subcutaneous areolar, orbicularis layer, orbital septum, superior levator palpebrae muscle, muscle of muller, tarsal plate, and palpebral conjunctiva.. Fun fact: When you see someone flipping their eyelid over, that pinkish area is called the palpebral conjunctiva. This is an immunologically active layer filled with macrophages and mast cells, which provide a defense against foreign invaders.. Lacrimal System. The lacrimal system produces and drains the tears. The LACRIMAL ...
Introduction Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a recurrent, bilateral, interstitial inflammation of the conjunctiva, resolving spontaneously after a course of several years and characterised by giant papillae (with a cobblestone appearance) on the tarsal conjunctiva, a discrete or confluent gelatinous hypertrophy of the limbal conjunctiva, and a distinct type of keratitis. It is associated with intense…
Histopathology exam showed a moderate differentiated keratinized squamous cell carcinoma conjunctival papilloma pathology the conjunctiva without koilocytosis [Figs. He has been treated for the last 2 months with dexamethasone eye drops for scleritis by another ophthalmologist.
Pinguecula and Pterygium are common, non-cancerous growths on the cornea (clear part of the eye) and conjunctiva (white of the eye) likely caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. Chronic ocular surface inflammation from dry eye, allergies, wind and dust can further aggravate the area. They are often seen in patients with extended time spent in the sun without protection.. These growths are usually not serious and can be safely removed by our experienced eye surgeons. Reasons for seeking surgical management may be unrelenting symptoms of foreign body sensation/ eye irritation, growth into the visual axis, or induced irregular astigmatism limiting best correction visual potential.. ...
করটিসল এ আছে Prednisolone Acetate (Eye drops)। করটিসল এর কাজঃ|p|Prednisolone eye drops is indicated for the treatment of steroid-responsive inflammation of the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, cornea and anterior segment of the globe.|/p|
The conjunctival cells are collected by impression cytology. Those cells are stained with 100 mM of monochlorobimane (MCB, M-1381, Molecular Probes, Eugene, OR) and propidium iodide (PI). Fluorescent intensity, reflecting the amount of icGSH, was inspected under a confocal laser scan microscope. To detect the GSH levels we used a fluorescent MCB probe with excitation and emission wavelengths of 405 nm and 410-480 nm, respectively. The cell-permeating MCB probe is non-fluorescent but forms a fluorescent adduct with GSH in a reaction catalyzed by glutathione-S-transferase ...
Nijm LM, Garcia-Ferrer FJ, Schwab IR, Augsburger JJ, Corrêa ZM. Nijm L.M., Garcia-Ferrer F.J., Schwab I.R., Augsburger J.J., Corrêa Z.M. Nijm, Lisa M., et al.Chapter 5. Conjunctiva & Tears. In: Riordan-Eva P, Cunningham ET, Jr. Riordan-Eva P, Cunningham E.T., Jr Eds. Paul Riordan-Eva, and Emmett T. Cunningham, Jr.eds. Vaughan & Asburys General Ophthalmology, 18e New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2011. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=387§ionid=40229322. Accessed December 14, 2017 ...
Learn more about conditions of the cornea and conjunctiva and treatment options available at Bennett & Bloom Eye Centers serving Louisville, KY and more.
To the Editor: The ocular condition called pterygium (also known as web eye) is a triangular patch of hypertrophied subconjunctival tissue extending from the medial canthus of the eye to the border of the cornea or beyond, with the apex pointing towards the pupil. It is one of the most common conditions of the conjunctiva, and surgery to remove pterygia is practised widely.
This MasterClass on the surgical management of primary and recurrent pterygia, will focus on conjunctival autografting techniques, and include pearls to minimize recurrence and obtain excellent cosmetic outcomes. Prevention and management of pterygium surgery complications will be highlighted, and challenging scenarios presented.. ...
The ocular surface is the first line of defence in the eye against environmental microbes. The ocular innate immune system consists of a combination of anatomical, mechanical and immunological defence mechanisms. TLRs (Toll-like receptors), widely expressed by the ocular surface, are able to recognize microbial pathogens and to trigger the earliest immune response leading to inflammation. Increasing evidence highlights the crucial role of TLRs in regulating innate immune responses during ocular surface infective and non-infective inflammatory conditions. In addition, recent observations have shown that TLRs modulate the adaptive immune response, also playing an important role in ocular autoimmune and allergic diseases. One of the main goals of ocular surface treatment is to control the inflammatory reaction in order to preserve corneal integrity and transparency. Recent experimental evidence has shown that specific modulation of TLR pathways induces an improvement in several ocular inflammatory ...
Professor Eric Donnenfeld. Professor Eric Donnenfeld, New York University, USA, delivered a presentation on the changing pharmaceutical treatment patterns in cataract surgery during a Main Symposium at the XXXV Congress of the ESCRS in Lisbon.. Efficient drug delivery remains a significant unmet need, with topical drops facing not only problems with compliance, but also with low rates of absorption into the eye, said Prof Donnenfeld. He suggested that topical medications as we know them today will change greatly over the next several years, and he proceeded to outline the possibilities on the horizon.. The mucoadhesive DuraSite vehicle delivers sustained pharmacokinetics, maintaining therapeutic concentrations in the human conjunctiva up to six days after the last dose, he said.. Nanotechnologic mucus penetrating particles (MMPs ...
Meningococcal conjunctivitis is classified into primary (direct inoculation of the bacteria into the palpebral conjunctiva from an exogenous source) and secondary (as an ..
Aims: To evaluate the clinical and histological status of tear film in patients with unilateral pterygium. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional, c..
Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is what occurs when the otherwise normal conjunctiva in the eyes become inflamed. It is very dangerous, and it rapidly spreads in
A pterygium is a triangular shaped fold of conjunctiva (the thin usually clear membrane over the white of the eye) which has grown, together with fibrous tissue and blood vessels into the adjacent cornea.. A pterygium typically arises from the inner (nasal) conjunctiva and is strongly associated with ultraviolet light (UV) exposure. Hence they usually occur in patients living in hot climates such as Indian sub-continent, Africa and Australia. Other factors such as dryness, inflammation and exposure to dust, may also play a role. Sometimes, a pterygium may not cause any problems. However, patients typically complain of:. ...
"Diseases of conjunctiva". Comprehensive Ophthalmology (6 ed.). Jaypee. p. 70. AK Khurana. "Diseases of conjunctiva". ... Another condition similar to Ankyloblepharon is Symblepharon where palpebral conjunctiva is attached to bulbar conjunctiva. ...
Closer examination reveals the bulging conjunctiva. The stretching of the conjunctiva will remain permanent. ... Fluid builds between the conjunctiva and cornea as what appears as a blister, that looks (from a distance) like a liquid tear. ... American Journal of Ophthalmology 1942;25:48-51 Liu D. The separation of the conjunctiva can also be caused by sensitivity to ... The resulting loose, excess conjunctiva may mechanically irritate the eye and disrupt the tear film and its outflow, leading to ...
It carries sensory branches from the eyes, conjunctiva, lacrimal gland, nasal cavity, frontal sinus, ethmoidal cells, falx ... to the lacrimal gland and conjunctiva; to the part of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity; and to the skin of the eyelids, ... Upper eyelid and associated conjunctiva. Eyebrow, forehead, scalp all the way to the lambdoid suture. Skull: Roof of orbit, ... Lower eyelid and associated conjunctiva. Cheek, upper lip. Skull: Orbital floor, maxillary sinus, upper teeth, nasal cavity, ...
The conjunctiva becomes swollen and gelatinous in appearance. Often, the eye area swells so much that the eyes become difficult ... A chemical reaction, or in this case, a chemical reaction of the conjunctiva which is due to the oozing of exudate from ... Chemosis is the swelling (or edema) of the conjunctiva. The term derives from the Greek chem- meaning chemical and -osis ... appear as if the eyeball has moved slightly backwards from the white part of the eye due to the fluid filled in the conjunctiva ...
Conjunctiva and Tear Film. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 407. ISBN 978-1455756230. Prescott CR, Chodosh J (2013). "Boston ...
When only the cornea is inflamed, it is called keratitis; when only the conjunctiva is inflamed, it is called conjunctivitis. ... Keratoconjunctivitis is inflammation ("-itis") of the cornea and conjunctiva. ...
Examination of the eyelid conjunctiva is usually more diagnostic than examination of the scleral conjunctiva. Viral ... Red eye, swelling of the conjunctiva, and watering of the eyes are symptoms common to all forms of conjunctivitis. However, the ... Bacteria may also reach the conjunctiva from the edges of the eyelids and the surrounding skin, from the nasopharynx, from ... With some chemicals, above all with caustic alkalis such as sodium hydroxide, necrosis of the conjunctiva marked by a ...
Blatt, Nicolas (1922). "Kürettage der Bindehaut (abrasio conjunctivae) bei den chronisch-katarrhalischen Conjunctivitiden". ... abrasio conjunctivae) in chronic catarrhal conjunctivitis. Kürretage der Bindehaut". British Journal of Ophthalmology. 9 (7): ... downloaded from http://bjo.bmj.com/ St , John V (1925). "Abstract: Blatt, Nicolas (Roumania). "Curetting of the conjunctiva ( ...
This includes chemical burns of both the conjunctiva and cornea. An urgent case must be treated within hours. This includes ...
However, ammonia exposure can cause conjunctiva irritation of the eyes. Bleach Traditional bleach contains chlorine and/or ...
The conjunctiva is a thin membrane that covers the eye. When an allergen irritates the conjunctiva, common symptoms that occur ... Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) is inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of the eye) due to ... of the conjunctiva, itching, and increased lacrimation (production of tears). If this is combined with rhinitis, the condition ... and TH2 lymphocytes aggravate the biochemistry and histology of the conjunctiva. VKC is a disease of childhood and is prevalent ...
Fibrin glue is applied for apposing the flaps and conjunctiva. PDEK can be combined or performed simultaneously with glued IOL ...
A thin layer called the conjunctiva sits on top of this. The front part is also called the anterior segment of the eye. The eye ... indicates that perceived eye irritation is associated with an increase in blink frequency since the cornea and conjunctiva both ...
Stratified columnar epithelia are found in a variety of locations, including: parts of the conjunctiva of the eye parts of the ... It is found in the conjunctiva, pharynx, anus, and male urethra. ...
The episclera is a thin layer of tissue that lies between the conjunctiva and the connective tissue layer that forms the white ... After anesthetizing the eye with medication, the conjunctiva may be moved with a cotton swab to observe the location of the ... Heath, Greg (10 February 2010). "The episclera, sclera and conjunctiva An overview of relevant ocular anatomy" (PDF). OT: 36-42 ...
... (conjunctiva) A pterygium grows in response to exposure to ultraviolet light. They are more common in light-skinned ... The technique with the lowest recurrence rate uses an auto graft of conjunctiva from under the eyelid. This is placed over the ... thus preventing conjunctiva overgrowth that can cover the iris. A pterygium grows very slowly. Usually it takes several years ...
The function of these glands are to produce tears which are secreted onto the surface of the conjunctiva. There are rare ... Their ducts unite into a rather long sinus which open into the fornix conjunctiva. There are approximately forty Krause glands ... They usually occur as retention cysts in cicatricial conditions of the conjunctiva. Krause's glands are named after German ... mucous accessory lacrimal glands that are found underneath the eyelid where the upper and lower conjunctivae meet. ...
Remove small foreign objects from the uppermost layer of the cornea or conjunctiva. The deeper and the larger a foreign object ... which is often considerably strong neuropathic pain caused by the irritation of the nerves within the cornea and/or conjunctiva ... the outermost layers of the cornea and conjunctiva) to: Perform a contact/applanation tonometry. Perform a Schirmer's test (The ...
Signs: The eyelids and adnexa involved shows edema and redness, conjunctiva is chemosed. Ulcer may be present. It is a dry ...
Povidone-iodine solution is applied to the conjunctiva at the site of injection. Another dose of local anesthetic may be given ... conjunctiva and lens) and dynamic barrier (e.g. tears and aqueous humor). It could also minimize adverse drug effect to other ... injection under the conjunctiva) of anesthetic agents. However, the latter may cause a raised chance of subconjunctival ...
Cherry eye is typically diagnosed by examination of the conjunctiva and nictitating membrane. The most obvious symptom of ... encasing it in a layer of conjunctiva. Pocket techniques are easiest for doctors to learn. Pocket methods also have anterior ...
In this position it was unstable and tended to erode through the conjunctiva. Now the more common use is as a modification of ... The flow tube is inserted into the anterior chamber of the eye and the plate is implanted underneath the conjunctiva to allow ... For example, erosion, where the conjunctiva erodes over the shunt leaving it exposed, the condition of which may be revised or ... The flow tube is inserted into the anterior chamber of the eye and the plate is implanted underneath the conjunctiva to allow ...
... including the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva covers the sclera, or whites of the eyes, as well as the insides of the eyelids and ... The conjunctiva is also one of the closest vascularized tissues to the cornea. As such, it provides a major source of immune ... The conjunctiva also possess macrophages that play a part in modulating the T-cell immune response and mediating both the ... Like the rest of the MALT pathway, the conjunctiva has been found to possess lymphoid follicles, which develop at puberty and ...
These deposits are common in tissues such as skin, muscle, conjunctiva, and rectum. This diagnostic technique is useful, but ...
A vascular plexus is found between the bulbar conjunctiva and the sclera consisting of two layers of vessels, the superficial ... Heath, G. "The episclera, sclera and conjunctiva: An overview of relevant ocular anatomy." Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback ...
They are located in the eyeball's conjunctiva, arranged in a ring around the cornea, near the scleral junction. They also are ... Crypts of Henle are microscopic pockets found in scattered sections of the conjunctiva around the eyeball. They are responsible ...
Oettingen is credited for providing the first comprehensive description of amyloid degeneration of the eye's conjunctiva. De ...
Other mucosal surfaces, the conjunctiva, nose, esophagus, penis, vulva, vagina, cervix, and anus, may also be affected. Flaccid ...
... and shrinkage of the conjunctiva. It is a drug side effect observed in practolol and eperisone. It is speculated that ...
Lying over the sclera and the interior of the eyelids is a transparent membrane called the conjunctiva. It helps lubricate the ...
Palpebral or tarsal conjunctiva Lines the eyelids Bulbar or ocular conjunctiva Covers the eyeball, over the anterior sclera: ... Conjunctiva. The upper half of a sagittal section through the front of the eyeball. (Label for Conjunctiva visible at center- ... Fornix conjunctiva Forms the junction between the bulbar and palpebral conjunctivas: It is loose and flexible, allowing the ... Blood to the bulbar conjunctiva is primarily derived from the ophthalmic artery. The blood supply to the palpebral conjunctiva ...
... plural bulbar conjunctivas or bulbar conjunctivae) 1. (anatomy) One of three parts of the conjunctiva, the bulbar conjunctiva ... is the conjunctiva covering the eyeball, over the sclera. ... ... bulbar-conjunctiva. Noun (plural bulbar conjunctivas or bulbar ... anatomy) One of three parts of the conjunctiva, the bulbar conjunctiva is the conjunctiva covering the eyeball, over the sclera ... How would you define bulbar-conjunctiva? Add your definition here.. Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by ...
Palpebral or tarsal conjunctiva: The conjunctiva lining the eyelids.. *Fornix conjunctiva: The conjunctiva where the inner part ... Bulbar or ocular conjunctiva: The conjunctiva covering the eyeball, over the sclera. This region of the conjunctiva is bound ... the palpebral conjunctiva is reflected at the superior fornix and the inferior fornix to become the bulbar conjunctiva. ... The conjunctiva is a membrane that covers the sclera (white part of the eye) and lines the inside of the eyelids. ...
ICD-9 code 190.3 for Malignant neoplasm of conjunctiva is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range - MALIGNANT ... Malignant neoplasm of conjunctiva (190.3). ICD-9 code 190.3 for Malignant neoplasm of conjunctiva is a medical classification ...
What is the conjunctiva?. Answer: The conjunctiva is a thin mucous membrane which covers the inner surface of the eyelids and ... Find out more about conjunctiva at Specsavers. ...
Sectional Anatomy of the Eye Ora serrata Fornix Palpebral conjunctiva Posterior cavity (Vitreous chamber ... Ora serrata Fornix Palpebral conjunctiva Ocular conjunctiva Ciliary body Anterior chamber (filled with aqueous humor) Lens ... Lecture 5a-Vision.pdf - Sectional Anatomy of the Eye Ora serrata Fornix Palpebral conjunctiva Posterior cavity(Vitreous chamber ...
The bulbar conjunctiva is directly visible between the eyelids the palpebral conjunctiva can only be examined ... The bulbar conjunctiva is directly visible between the eyelids; the palpebral conjunctiva can only be examined by everting the ... The normal conjunctiva is smooth, shiny, and moist. The examiner should be alert to any reddening, secretion, thickening, scars ... The palpebral conjunctiva can then be inspected and cleaned if necessary.. - Examination of the upper eyelid (simple eversion). ...
The thickness and other characteristics of the conjunctiva vary according to location across the front of these eye. ... Conjunctiva (of the eye) - a thin delicate mucous membrane that covers the front of the eyes and also lines the insides of the ... Between these folds the conjunctiva folds the sclera (also known as the sclerotic) and the cornea. *In the area covering the ... The folds formed where the conjunctiva folds from the inner eye lids onto the front part of the eye are called * the superior ...
Culture, Conjunctiva, Fungus. Eye, Fungus Culture. FNG. Conjunctiva Culture, Fungus. Nocardia Culture, Conjunctiva. FUNGUS ... Collect swab of conjunctiva using an ESwab (preferred) or a sterile swab wetted with sterile saline and placed in a cup. ...
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Antonyms for conjunctiva. 16 words related to conjunctiva: eye, oculus, optic, eyelid, lid, palpebra, bulbar conjunctiva, ... conjunctival layer of bulb, tunica conjunctiva bulbi.... What are synonyms for conjunctiva? ... conjunctiva. Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to conjunctiva: bulbar conjunctiva # ... conjunctiva,type:0,children:[{name:conjunctival layer of bulb,type:4},{name:tunica conjunctiva bulbi,type:4 ...
Short Description: Scarring of conjunctiva Long Description: Scarring of conjunctiva This is the 2014 version of the ICD-9-CM ... H11.249 - Scarring of conjunctiva, unspecified eye (approximate) Approximate Flag. The approximate flag is on, indicating that ...
Short Description: Conjunctiva disorder NEC Long Description: Other disorders of conjunctiva This is the 2014 version of the ... conjunctiva 372.9*specified type NEC NEC "Not elsewhere classifiable". This abbreviation in the index represents "other ... H11.89 - Other specified disorders of conjunctiva (approximate) Approximate Flag. The approximate flag is on, indicating that ...
Several live worms were found in his conjunctiva sac. 2. The conjunctiva often remains intact, but subconjunctival bleeding can ... produce circumferential bloody chemosis (shown). 3. Incisions in sclera and bulbar conjunctiva we ... 4. Incisions in sclera and bulbar conjunctiva were stitched up.. 5. Bulbar conjunctiva may act as a local lymph node of ... 6. Inflammation of the conjunctiva, characterized by redness and a discharge.. 7. Excess scarring of the conjunctiva is the ...
Temporal conjunctiva of the patients left eye with microangiopa ... Bulbar conjunctiva of the left eye imaged in a 50 degrees red- ... Figure 1: Figure 1A: Bulbar conjunctiva of the left eye imaged in a 50 degrees red-free mode with the RFI. Temporal conjunctiva ... Figure 1: Figure 1A: Bulbar conjunctiva of the left eye imaged in a 50 degrees red-free mode with the RFI. Temporal conjunctiva ... Note that no clinical signs of DR are present.Figure 1E: Bulbar conjunctiva of a human healthys left eye imaged in a 50 ...
Sx- Optho- Conjunctiva facts using a simple interactive process (flashcard, matching, or multiple choice). Finally a format ... 1) Palpebral conjunctiva (2) fournix- any place where the conjunctiva doubles on itself is a fournix (3) Palperbral conjunctiva ... bulbar conjunctiva of the 3rd eyelid (posterior conjunctiva of the nictitans) (5) bulbar conjunctiva ... C: moves with conjunctiva. S: immobile. *Conjunctival vs Scleral Hyperemia do they blanch with epinephrine?. C: blanch. S: ...
Eupithecia conjunctiva is a moth in the family Geometridae. It is found in Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir ... "Eupithecia conjunctiva Hampson 1895". Home of Ichneumonoidea. Taxapad. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Mironov, V ...
The plica semilunaris is a small fold of bulbar conjunctiva on the medial canthus of the eye. It functions during movement of ... Dartt DA (2006). "The Conjunctiva-Structure and Function". Duanes Foundations of Clinical Ophthalmology. 2. Philadelphia: ... for without the plica the conjunctiva would attach directly to the eyeball, restricting movement. It is the vestigial remnant ...
... virus of the genus Morbillivirus in the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva. It can lead to serious complications and death ...
The conjunctiva is a thin membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball (the sclera). ... The conjunctiva is a thin membrane that covers the inner surface of the eyelid and the white part of the eyeball (the sclera). ... Inflammation of the conjunctiva is called conjunctivitis. It makes the white of the eye look red. ...
... the normal functioning of the conjunctiva and cornea. The conjunctiva is the mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers ... lid, a portion of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that serves to attach the eyeball to the orbit and lids ... the normal functioning of the conjunctiva and cornea. The conjunctiva is the mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers ... The conjunctiva, which covers the front of the eye, may be penetrated by viruses that cause a local inflammation of the eye or ...
The conjunctiva: …the eyeball is called the bulbar conjunctiva. Between the bulbar and the palpebral conjunctiva there are two ... These recesses are called the upper and lower fornices, or conjunctival sacs; it is the looseness of the conjunctiva… ... Other articles where Bulbar conjunctiva is discussed: human eye: ... Bulbar conjunctiva. anatomy. THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. ... In human eye: The conjunctiva. …the eyeball is called the bulbar conjunctiva. Between the bulbar and the palpebral conjunctiva ...
Con`junc*tiva (?), n. [NL., from L. conjunctivus connective.] Anatomy|Anat. The mucous membrane which covers the external surface ...
Definition of bulbar conjunctiva. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... bulbar conjunctiva. Definition: the part of the conjunctiva covering the anterior surface of the sclera and the surface ... Synonym(s): tunica conjunctiva bulbiTA, conjunctival layer of bulb. Further information. Always consult your healthcare ...
Ocular conjunctiva synonyms, Ocular conjunctiva pronunciation, Ocular conjunctiva translation, English dictionary definition of ... Ocular conjunctiva. n. pl. con·junc·ti·vas or con·junc·ti·vae The mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelid ... Related to Ocular conjunctiva: bulbar conjunctiva, conjunctival, palpebral conjunctiva. con·junc·ti·va. (kŏn′jŭngk-tī′və). n. ... bulbar conjunctiva, conjunctival layer of bulb, tunica conjunctiva bulbi - the part of the conjunctiva covering the anterior ...
TUBERCULOSIS of the CONJUNCTIVA CURED by X RAYS Br Med J 1903; 1 :1313 ... TUBERCULOSIS of the CONJUNCTIVA CURED by X RAYS. Br Med J 1903; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2214.1313 (Published 06 ...
... Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Classification. kingdom Animalia phylum ...
Zaria Ali and Bertie Fernando, "A Rare Case of Amyloidosis of the Eyelid and Conjunctiva," Case Reports in Ophthalmological ... A Rare Case of Amyloidosis of the Eyelid and Conjunctiva. Zaria Ali1 and Bertie Fernando2 ...
B. ODonnell, G. Wuebbolt, and R. Collin, "Amyloidosis of the conjunctiva," Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology ... A Rare Case of Amyloidosis of the Eyelid and Conjunctiva. Zaria Ali1 and Bertie Fernando2 ...
The Mammalian Phenotype (MP) Ontology is a community effort to provide standard terms for annotating phenotypic data. You can use this browser to view terms, definitions, and term relationships in a hierarchical display. Links to summary annotated phenotype data at MGI are provided in Term Detail reports.
Eye, Conjunctiva - Edema in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. There is diffuse swelling of the bulbar conjunctiva ( ... Eye, Conjunctiva - Edema in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study (higher magnification of Figure 1). The bulbar conjunctiva ... If located in the bulbar conjunctiva, edema can be diagnosed under the organ/subtopography "eye, conjunctiva." If located in ... Eye, Conjunctiva - Edema in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study (higher magnification of Figure 1). There is edema of the ...
Conjunctiva Contains Factor Inhibiting Growth of Candida albicans Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ... Intact conjunctiva and conjunctival extracts have a strong inhibitory effect upon Candida albicans. The fungistatic effect is ...
Conjunctiva / microbiology*, pathology. Humans. Incidence. Male. New York. Rhinosporidiosis* / epidemiology, pathology. ...
Bidya P Prasad, Ramesh C Bhatta, JSP Chaudhary, Shekhar Sharma, Sailesh Mishra, Puja A Cuddapah, Nicole E Stoller, Sun N Yu, Salman A Rahman, Michael Deiner, Jeremy D Keenan, Bruce D Gaynor ...
Xinan Sheng, Siming Li, Zhihong Chi, Lu Si, Chuanliang Cui, Lili Mao, Bin Lian, Bixia Tang, Xuan Wang, Xieqiao Yan, Yan Kong, Jie Dai, Jun Guo ...
ICD-9 code 918.2 for Superficial injury of conjunctiva is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range - ... Superficial injury of conjunctiva (918.2). ICD-9 code 918.2 for Superficial injury of conjunctiva is a medical classification ...
2 malignancy of conjunctiva after squamous cell carcinoma *2% of ocular malignancies, 5% of ocular melanomas *Due to primary ... Fornix, caruncle, plica semilunaris or palpebral conjunctiva *Tumor thickness > 4 mm *Epithelioid cells or 5+ mitotic figures ... Cite this page: Pernick N. Conjunctiva: melanoma. PathologyOutlines.com website. https://www.pathologyoutlines.com/topic/ ...
Squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is a rare tumour with a multifactorial aetiology. There is strong epidemiological ... A review of the aetiology of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva Br J Cancer. 1996 Nov;74(10):1511-3. doi: 10.1038/bjc. ... Squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is a rare tumour with a multifactorial aetiology. There is strong epidemiological ...
Conjunctiva. Carcinoma - Mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Reviewer: Nat Pernick, M.D. (see Reviewers page). Revised: 27 September 2013 ... End of Eye > Conjunctiva > Carcinoma - Mucoepidermoid carcinoma. This information is intended for physicians and related ... Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva of the lower lid (Indian J Ophthalmol 1996;44:231) *Conjunctival mucoepidermoid ...
Learn about the veterinary topic of Conjunctiva. Find specific details on this topic and related topics from the Merck Vet ... The conjunctiva consists of the palpebral conjunctiva (lining the posterior eyelids), the fornix or conjunctival cul-de-sac ... and the bulbar conjunctiva (covering the anterior globe or episclera) and nictitating membrane. The conjunctiva has important ... Conjunctiva By Kirk N. Gelatt , VMD, DACVO, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, ...
Epithelial microfilament regulators show regional distribution in mouse conjunctiva. Hong-Yuan Zhu,1,2 A.K. Riau,1 R.W. ... Because the conjunctiva epithelium has formed the basis for regenerative stem-cell transplants, the localization of the ... The ocular surface is composed of two adjacent epithelia that form the outer layer of the cornea and the conjunctiva. These two ... Profilin1 was moderately expressed in the full layers of forniceal, palpebral and bulbar conjunctivae (Figure 1E,F). Paxillin ...
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  • The conjunctiva is a tissue that lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera (the white of the eye ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The conjunctiva lining the eyelids. (wikidoc.org)
  • The conjunctiva where the inner part of the eyelids and the eyeball meet, the palpebral conjunctiva is reflected at the superior fornix and the inferior fornix to become the bulbar conjunctiva . (wikidoc.org)
  • The conjunctiva is a thin mucous membrane which covers the inner surface of the eyelids and extends over the surface of the sclera (the white of the eye). (specsavers.co.nz)
  • The palpebral part of the conjunctiva is that area of it which lines insides of the eyelids . (ivyroses.com)
  • The blood supply to the palpebral conjunctiva (the eyelid) is derived from the external carotid artery . (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the circulations of the bulbar conjunctiva and palpebral conjunctiva are linked, so both bulbar conjunctival and palpebral conjunctival vessels are supplied by both the ophthalmic artery and the external carotid artery, to varying extents. (wikipedia.org)
  • the palpebral conjunctiva can only be examined by everting the upper or lower eyelid. (alpfmedical.info)
  • The palpebral conjunctiva can then be inspected and cleaned if necessary. (alpfmedical.info)
  • In contrast to simple eversion, this procedure allows examination of the superior fornix in addition to the palpebral conjunctiva. (alpfmedical.info)
  • How to assess the palpebral conjunctiva? (alpfmedical.info)
  • Physical examination showed no abnormalities except that his palpebral conjunctiva was slightly anemic. (elsevier.com)
  • This region of the conjunctiva is tightly bound to the underlying sclera by Tenon's capsule and moves with the eyeball movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • With age, the conjunctiva can stretch and loosen from the underlying sclera, leading to the formation of conjunctival folds, a condition known as conjunctivochalasis . (wikipedia.org)
  • The conjunctiva covering the eyeball, over the sclera . (wikidoc.org)
  • Between these folds the conjunctiva folds the sclera (also known as the sclerotic ) and the cornea . (ivyroses.com)
  • In the area covering the sclera the conjunctiva is only loosly connected to the eyeball (also referred to as the "globe"), it loses the papillary structure (i.e. consisting of nipple-shaped protruberances) that it had over the insides of the eye-lids, is transparent and contains few blood vessels. (ivyroses.com)
  • In the area covering the cornea the conjunctiva is thin, transparent, and consists only of an epithelial layer called conjunctival epithelium . (ivyroses.com)
  • Temporal conjunctiva of the patients left eye with microangiopathy of the conjunctival vessels (red dashed-square): microaneurysms (orange arrow is indicating one of them), vessel dilatation (blue arrows), and vascular tortuosity (yellow arrow).Figure 1B: Bulbar conjunctival capillary perfusion map (nCPM). (nih.gov)
  • Note that no clinical signs of DR are present.Figure 1E: Bulbar conjunctiva of a human healthy's left eye imaged in a 50 degrees red-free mode with the Retinal Function Imager.Figure 1F: Bulbar conjunctival capillary perfusion map (nCPM) of the same human healthy eye (Figure 1E). (nih.gov)
  • Forms the junction between the bulbar and palpebral conjunctivas: It is loose and flexible, allowing the free movement of the lids and eyeball. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hylo-Parin moistens and protects the cornea and conjunctiva and relieves irritation of the eyes caused by environmental factors. (salutemshop.com)
  • Sodium hyaluronate and heparin protect the cornea and conjunctiva, thus moistening the surface of the eye, along with natural tears. (salutemshop.com)
  • This exposes the conjunctiva and the posterior surface of the lower eyelid. (alpfmedical.info)
  • Disorders of the conjunctiva and cornea are common sources of eye complaints, in particular because the surface of the eye is exposed to various external influences and is especially susceptible to trauma , infections , chemical irritation, allergic reactions , and dryness . (wikipedia.org)
  • Disorders of the conjunctiva and cornea are a common source of eye complaints. (wikidoc.org)
  • This eversion technique is required to remove foreign bodies or 'lost' contact lenses from the superior fornix or to clean the conjunctiva of lime particles in a chemical injury with lime. (alpfmedical.info)
  • [5] Accessory lacrimal glands in the conjunctiva constantly produce the aqueous portion of tears. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conjunctiva helps lubricate the eye by producing mucus and tears , although a smaller volume of tears than the lacrimal gland . (wikipedia.org)
  • The microvasculature anatomy appeared unevenly distributed.Figure 1C: Analysis of the BF velocity of the conjunctiva. (nih.gov)
  • The conjunctiva can be affected by tumors which can be benign, pre-malignant or malignant. (wikipedia.org)
  • With painful sneezing, profuse lachrymation it is expected to have a bit of congestion of conjunctivas, but in this case the pathology is in depth. (sauravarora.com)
  • At the end, the remaining temporal defect papilloma without hpv restored using a supero-nasal conjunctiva graft fixed in position with interrupted and surjet The excised tumor was cut into 2 fragments: One for pathology preserved in formalin and one for HPV genotyping papilloma without hpv in Cobas polymerase chain reaction PCR solution and refrigerated at 4°C until processing. (malaimare.ro)
  • Conjunctival papilloma pathology outline Pentru conjunctival papilloma pathology outline semnului Papilloma conjunctiva pathology, pacientul trebuie să conjunctival papilloma pathology afle în decubitcu coapsele și genunchii conjunctival papilloma pathology la 90 de grade. (pentru-rares.ro)
  • The certainty of diagnosis ductal papilloma mri achieved by histopathological exam, specific investigations for excluding a metastasis, papilloma conjunctiva pathology by surgical treatment with oncologic safety margins. (pentru-rares.ro)
  • Conjunctival squamous papilloma pathology Squamous Papilloma - Benign Tumour of Epithelial Tissue enterobiasis weight loss Anatomically, we can discover the palatine tonsils into the palatine fossa of the oro-pharynx, but sometimes in current medical practice we encounter a bilateral hypertrophy of the tonsils which can get very papilloma conjunctiva pathology to one another. (pentru-rares.ro)
  • Departamentul 2 preclinic - Papilloma conjunctiva pathology morfologice Chemotherapy offers poor response rates. (pentru-rares.ro)
  • Unlike current anterior segment assessment methods such as slit lamp and dye-based photography, which offer only a limited view of the vasculature, OCT-A can produce high-resolution cross-sectional images, detect vascularization even in cases of severe corneal opacification and the en face mode can produce frontal plane-oriented C-scans for viewing corneal pathology. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • Ocular Pathology: What is primary acquired melanosis of the conjunctiva? (missionforvisionusa.org)
  • Ocular Pathology: What is carcinoma-in-situ of the conjunctiva? (missionforvisionusa.org)
  • Case Report We present a unique case of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva examined and treated in June papilloma without hpv The year-old patient presented at the Ophthalmology Department for mild stinging sensation and redness in the left eye for almost 1-year and a half. (malaimare.ro)
  • Human papillomavirus 52 positive squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva Conjunctival papilloma histology, Department of Ophthalmology, Grigore T. (pentru-rares.ro)
  • The plica semilunaris is a small fold of bulbar conjunctiva on the medial canthus of the eye. (wikipedia.org)
  • Near the nose, the conjunctiva forms the caruncle and the plica semilunaris. (itumor.org)
  • Both the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva should be examined with fluorescein under a cobalt blue light. (aao.org)
  • Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the transcript levels of these microfilament regulators in the forniceal conjunctivae were higher than those levels found in the bulbar and palpebral conjunctivae. (molvis.org)
  • Western blot analysis confirmed the differential expression levels of these microfilament regulators in the forniceal, bulbar, and palpebral conjunctivae. (molvis.org)
  • Differences in the levels of microfilament regulators in the forniceal, bulbar, and palpebral conjunctivae suggest different modes of interaction with their microenvironment and within cell layers. (molvis.org)
  • Conclusions: A focal granuloma of the conjunctiva contained H. capsulatum in a patient whose recent symptoms suggested primary infection. (elsevier.com)
  • Teddy bear" synthetic fibre granuloma of the conjunctiva. (seeos.eu)
  • The picture was compatible witha diagnosis of synthetic fibre granuloma of the conjunctiva. (seeos.eu)
  • Blood to the bulbar conjunctiva is primarily derived from the ophthalmic artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The normal conjunctiva is smooth, shiny, and moist. (alpfmedical.info)
  • The researchers found that the conjunctival melanoma and nevi demonstrated the same intralesional tortuous patterns, while vasculature in eyes with primary acquired melanosis was similar to that of the normal conjunctiva. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • 18. Methods The immunohistochemical methods PABC was performed in study of expression of MUC5AC in 19 pterygial specimens and 5 normal conjunctiva . (sentencedict.com)
  • Papilloma conjunctiva treatment chromatin assessment. (bebe-strumf.ro)
  • Papilloma conjunctiva treatment body biopsy and its clinical application. (bebe-strumf.ro)
  • Ultrasonography in papilloma conjunctiva treatment reproduction. (bebe-strumf.ro)
  • Conjunctiva Muller Muscle Resection Belpharoptosis Repair: Efficient, Reliable and Predictable. (arvojournals.org)
  • To demonstrate predictability and outcomes with conjunctiva Muller muscle resection (CMR) for blepharoptosis repair using a new algorithm. (arvojournals.org)
  • A 49-year-old woman who had a second recurrence of a tumor in the right palpebral conjunctiva underwent local resection of the lesion with adjunctive cryotherapy to the surgical site. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2. The conjunctiva often remains intact, but subconjunctival bleeding can produce circumferential bloody chemosis (shown). (sentencedict.com)
  • Canine distemper virus infection produces hyperemia of the conjunctiva and serous ocular discharge in addition to other systemic signs associated with canine distemper. (cynologist.com)
  • Evaluate the conjunctiva(e) for small- or medium-sized papillae, hyperemia, edema, excessive mucin, and limbal Trantas dots (clusters of necrotic eosinophils, neutrophils, and epithelial cells) (see the first image below). (medscape.com)
  • Does a conjunctiva (thin, transparent membrane covering the white of the eye) grow thick and red after the removal of a pterygium? (aao.org)
  • Has anyone heard of pterygium conjunctiva? (healthtap.com)
  • 12. Objective:To study the influence on the recurrence of pterygium treated by limbal stem cells and bulbar conjunctiva autograft transplantation. (sentencedict.com)
  • 23. Methods The pterygium of 126 cases (126 eyes) was excised under operating microscope and an autograft of conjunctiva was transplanted. (sentencedict.com)
  • 24. AIM : To evaluate a technique of limbal reconstruction pterygium through surgery using flaps of adjacent limbal conjunctiva . (sentencedict.com)
  • 27. Objective : Pterygium formation is the process of the arising and extending of wing-shaped fold of fibrovascular tissue from the interpalpebral conjunctiva to the cornea. (sentencedict.com)
  • A nodule of approximately 1-3 mm in size accompanying by enlarged blood vessels was observed at the right upper palpebral conjunctiva (Figure 1 C). This nodule was regarded as a recurrence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Also of interest: it is not wise to cover the resultant defect with conjunctiva, there is a risk of recurrence, which we can thus miss. (tropical-ophthalmology.com)
  • Ruptured blood vessels beneath the conjunctiva may be the result of trauma, a blood disorder, or certain infectious diseases. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • The conjunctiva can be affected by tumors which can be benign, pre-malignant or malignant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tumors of the bulbar conjunctiva are located most commonly temporally and within the palpebral aperture. (jamanetwork.com)
  • In fatal disease, LASV immunostaining was most prominent in the anterior uvea, especially in the filtration angle, ciliary body, and iris and in and around vessels in the bulbar conjunctiva and peripheral cornea, where it co-localized with an endothelial marker (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule). (cdc.gov)
  • DISCUSSION: Rhinosporidiosis is a common chronic granulomatous infection that affects nasal mucosa, ocular conjunctiva and other mucosa in the body. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Infection of the conjunctiva by Rhinosporidium seeberi. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Di Girolamo brings forward a two-hit theory that explains cancerogenesis in OSSN: The first hit is mediated by ultraviolet radiation exposure that causes genetic alteration and the second hit is mediated by HPV infection in papilloma in conjunctiva susceptible cells. (asspub.ro)
  • The researchers also assessed extrapulmonary infection using ex vivo cultures of human conjunctiva (n=3) and in vitro cultures of human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell lines. (reviewofophthalmology.com)
  • Instead, it shows that the conjunctiva can be a source of infection. (reviewofophthalmology.com)
  • 19. Sensible antibiotic eye drop can reduce the bacteria in the conjunctiva and prevent the postoperative infection. (sentencedict.com)
  • Recently, a study expanded the list of potential anterior segment applications for OCT-A to include the assessment of melanocytic lesions of the conjunctiva and iris. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • Anterior segment OCTA of melanocytic lesions of the conjunctiva and iris. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • Overall, OCT-A was successful in imaging the vasculature of melanocytic lesions of the conjunctiva and iris, but the researchers found it wasn't possible to differentiate between benign and malignant lesions. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • Such mutations were rarely identified among HIV-positive conjunctiva controls (3.6%) and never in Kaposi sarcoma lesions. (cdc.gov)
  • The high frequency of UV-signatures in HIV-positive conjunctiva lesions suggests an additive effect of the virus to UV-related mutagenesis. (cdc.gov)
  • All lesions were localised to the bulbar conjunctiva and two of the cases were pigmented. (regionh.dk)
  • Conclusions: CsA eye drops inhibited eosinophilic infiltration into the conjunctiva without affecting systemic immune responses. (elsevier.com)
  • Conclusions: AMT can effectively restore the epithelization of conjunctiva surface, inhibit scar formation and reduce complications after conjunctiva defect. (sentencedict.com)
  • ICD-9 code 190.3 for Malignant neoplasm of conjunctiva is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -MALIGNANT NEOPLASM OF OTHER AND UNSPECIFIED SITES (190-199). (aapc.com)
  • 1 The iris may also be a particularly strong candidate for en face OCT-A imaging because it's flat, thin and easily accessible, though one study found visualization of non-clinically visible vessels depends heavily on iris pigmentation. (reviewofoptometry.com)
  • In the area covering the cornea the conjunctiva is thin, transparent, and consists only of an epithelial layer called conjunctival epithelium . (ivyroses.com)
  • Infiltration of eosinophils into the conjunctiva is mediated by type I and type IV allergic reactions. (elsevier.com)
  • We investigated whether CsA eye drops inhibit type I, type IV or both types of allergic reactions in the conjunctiva. (elsevier.com)
  • CsA predominantly inhibits eosinophilic infiltration by interfering with the type IV allergic reaction in the conjunctiva. (elsevier.com)
  • Eye, Conjunctiva - Edema in a female F344/N rat from a chronic study. (nih.gov)
  • There is edema of the bulbar conjunctiva characterized by accumulation of clear to pale eosinophilic fluid and inflammatory cells. (nih.gov)
  • If located in the bulbar conjunctiva, edema can be diagnosed under the organ/subtopography "eye, conjunctiva. (nih.gov)
  • Isolation and Characterization of Mycoplasma conjunctivae sp. (asm.org)