Coniferophyta: A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Picea: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Gymnosperms: Gymnosperms are a group of vascular plants whose seeds are not enclosed by a ripened ovary (fruit), in contrast to ANGIOSPERMS whose seeds are surrounded by an ovary wall. The seeds of many gymnosperms (literally, "naked seed") are borne in cones and are not visible. Taxonomists now recognize four distinct divisions of extant gymnospermous plants (CONIFEROPHYTA; CYCADOPHYTA; GINKGOPHYTA; and GNETOPHYTA).Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Pinus: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.Nelson Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.Flatfishes: Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Pinus sylvestris: A plant species of the genus PINUS which is the source of pinosylvin. It is sometimes called Scotch pine or Scots pine, which is also a common name for other species of this genus.Pinus taeda: A plant species of the genus PINUS which is the subject of genetic study.Pinus ponderosa: A plant species of the genus PINUS that contains isocupressic acid.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Student Health Services: Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Airports: Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Phalaris: A plant genus of the family POACEAE.Tennis: A game played by two or four players with rackets and an elastic ball on a level court divided by a low net.Accidents, AviationGolf: A game whose object is to sink a ball into each of 9 or 18 successive holes on a golf course using as few strokes as possible.Cemeteries: Areas set apart as burial grounds.IndianaBurial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Mortuary Practice: Activities associated with the disposition of the dead. It excludes cultural practices such as funeral rites.Embalming: Process of preserving a dead body to protect it from decay.Paleopathology: The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.Funeral Rites: Those customs and ceremonies pertaining to the dead.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Ochlerotatus: A genus of mosquitoes in the family CULICIDAE. A large number of the species are found in the neotropical part of the Americas.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Zamiaceae: A plant family of the order Cycadales, class Cycadopsida, division CYCADOPHYTA.Cycas: A plant genus of the family Cycadaceae, order Cycadales, class Cycadopsida, division CYCADOPHYTA of palm-like trees. It is a source of CYCASIN, the beta-D-glucoside of methylazoxymethanol.Cycadophyta: A division of GYMNOSPERMS which look like palm trees (ARECACEAE) but are more closely related to PINUS. They have large cones and large pinnate leaves and are sometimes called cycads, a term which may also refer more narrowly to cycadales or CYCAS.Caribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Central AmericaLatin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.Juniperus: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. The species are slow growing coniferous evergreen trees or shrubs.Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.Sunlight: Irradiation directly from the sun.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Plant Shoots: New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.Rhodobacter: A genus of gram-negative bacteria widely distributed in fresh water as well as marine and hypersaline habitats.BrazilCola: A plant genus of the family STERCULIACEAE. This is the source of the kola nut which contains CAFFEINE and is used in popular beverages.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Ecotype: Geographic variety, population, or race, within a species, that is genetically adapted to a particular habitat. An ecotype typically exhibits phenotypic differences but is capable of interbreeding with other ecotypes.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.PeruEncephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated: An acute or subacute inflammatory process of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM characterized histologically by multiple foci of perivascular demyelination. Symptom onset usually occurs several days after an acute viral infection or immunization, but it may coincide with the onset of infection or rarely no antecedent event can be identified. Clinical manifestations include CONFUSION, somnolence, FEVER, nuchal rigidity, and involuntary movements. The illness may progress to COMA and eventually be fatal. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p921)MexicoCacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.EcuadorCape Verde: The republic consists of islands that are located in the mid-Atlantic Ocean about 300 miles off the west coast of Africa. The archipelago includes 10 islands and 5 islets, divided into the windward (Barlavento) and leeward (Sotavento) groups. The capital is Praia.Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)Cordyceps: A genus of ascomycetous fungi (ASCOMYCOTA), family Clavicipitaceae, order HYPOCREALES, that grows by infecting insect larvae or mature insects with spores that germinate often before the cocoon is formed.Hysteria: Historical term for a chronic, but fluctuating, disorder beginning in early life and characterized by recurrent and multiple somatic complaints not apparently due to physical illness. This diagnosis is not used in contemporary practice.Fruiting Bodies, Fungal: The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.Atlantic Islands: Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.X Chromosome: The female sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and all female gametes in human and other male-heterogametic species.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.United StatesDatabases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.NebraskaBotany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Agave: A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Bacteriology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Petunia: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.Medical Records, Problem-Oriented: A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, physical findings, laboratory data, etc. pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading.Bryophyta: A division of the plant kingdom. Bryophyta contains the subdivision, Musci, which contains the classes: Andreaeopsida, BRYOPSIDA, and SPHAGNOPSIDA.Phaeophyta: A division of predominantly marine EUKARYOTA, commonly known as brown algae, having CHROMATOPHORES containing carotenoid PIGMENTS, BIOLOGICAL. ALGINATES and phlorotannins occur widely in all major orders. They are considered the most highly evolved algae because of their well-developed multicellular organization and structural complexity.Ciliophora: A phylum of EUKARYOTES characterized by the presence of cilia at some time during the life cycle. It comprises three classes: KINETOFRAGMINOPHOREA; OLIGOHYMENOPHOREA; and POLYMENOPHOREA.Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.BooksExhibits as Topic: Discussions, descriptions or catalogs of public displays or items representative of a given subject.Ciliophora Infections: Infections with protozoa of the phylum CILIOPHORA.Dictyosteliida: An order of protozoa characterized by their ability to aggregate to form a multicellular pseudoplasmodium, which gives rise to a multispored fruiting body. A stalk tube is present.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Xylem: Plant tissue that carries water up the root and stem. Xylem cell walls derive most of their strength from LIGNIN. The vessels are similar to PHLOEM sieve tubes but lack companion cells and do not have perforated sides and pores.Protochlorophyllide: A photo-active pigment localized in prolamellar bodies occurring within the proplastids of dark-grown bean leaves. In the process of photoconversion, the highly fluorescent protochlorophyllide is converted to chlorophyll.Torsades de Pointes: A malignant form of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia that is characterized by HEART RATE between 200 and 250 beats per minute, and QRS complexes with changing amplitude and twisting of the points. The term also describes the syndrome of tachycardia with prolonged ventricular repolarization, long QT intervals exceeding 500 milliseconds or BRADYCARDIA. Torsades de pointes may be self-limited or may progress to VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION.Escherichia coli O157: A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. A strain from this serogroup, serotype H7, which produces SHIGA TOXINS, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods by E. coli O157 from bovine origin.Pyruvate Synthase: A ferredoxin-containing enzyme that catalyzes the COENZYME A-dependent oxidative decarboxylation of PYRUVATE to acetyl-COENZYME A and CARBON DIOXIDE.NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase: A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of heme-thiolate-dependent monooxygenases and is part of the microsomal hydroxylating system. EC 1.6.2.4.Disease-Free Survival: Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors: A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on carbon-carbon bonds. This enzyme group includes all the enzymes that introduce double bonds into substrates by direct dehydrogenation of carbon-carbon single bonds.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Carboxylic Acids: Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.Plant Growth Regulators: Any of the hormones produced naturally in plants and active in controlling growth and other functions. There are three primary classes: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins.Halogens: A family of nonmetallic, generally electronegative, elements that form group 17 (formerly group VIIa) of the periodic table.Sulfur: An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has an atomic symbol S, atomic number 16, and atomic weight [32.059; 32.076]. It is found in the amino acids cysteine and methionine.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Pulmonary Surfactants: Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Volatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.Taxus: Genus of coniferous yew trees or shrubs, several species of which have medicinal uses. Notable is the Pacific yew, Taxus brevifolia, which is used to make the anti-neoplastic drug taxol (PACLITAXEL).Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Dental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Bridged Compounds: Cyclic hydrocarbons that contain multiple rings and share one or more atoms.Bentonite: A colloidal, hydrated aluminum silicate that swells 12 times its dry size when added to water.Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis: Testing for the amount of biodegradable organic material in a water sample by measuring the quantity of oxygen consumed by biodegradation of those materials over a specific time period.Silicates: The generic term for salts derived from silica or the silicic acids. They contain silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals, and may contain hydrogen. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th Ed)Gliocladium: A mitosporic fungal genus occurring in soil or decaying plant matter. It is structurally similar to Penicillium.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Allergens: Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).Annonaceae: The custard-apple plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. Some members provide large pulpy fruits and commercial timber. Leaves and wood are often fragrant. Leaves are simple, with smooth margins, and alternately arranged in two rows along the stems.Tylenchida: An order of nematodes consisting of many species which are plant parasites. Female worms lay eggs that hatch either in soil or in the host plant.Patch Tests: Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.Nematoda: A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.Lanolin: A yellow fat obtained from sheep's wool. It is used as an emollient, cosmetic, and pharmaceutic aid.Dermatitis, Allergic Contact: A contact dermatitis due to allergic sensitization to various substances. These substances subsequently produce inflammatory reactions in the skin of those who have acquired hypersensitivity to them as a result of prior exposure.Lichens: Any of a group of plants formed by a symbiotic combination of a fungus with an algae or CYANOBACTERIA, and sometimes both. The fungal component makes up the bulk of the lichen and forms the basis for its name.Value of Life: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Plastids: Self-replicating cytoplasmic organelles of plant and algal cells that contain pigments and may synthesize and accumulate various substances. PLASTID GENOMES are used in phylogenetic studies.Eukaryota: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.Rhodophyta: Plants of the division Rhodophyta, commonly known as red algae, in which the red pigment (PHYCOERYTHRIN) predominates. However, if this pigment is destroyed, the algae can appear purple, brown, green, or yellow. Two important substances found in the cell walls of red algae are AGAR and CARRAGEENAN. Some rhodophyta are notable SEAWEED (macroalgae).Sea Urchins: Somewhat flattened, globular echinoderms, having thin, brittle shells of calcareous plates. They are useful models for studying FERTILIZATION and EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Prokaryotic Cells: Cells lacking a nuclear membrane so that the nuclear material is either scattered in the cytoplasm or collected in a nucleoid region.Dinoflagellida: Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Dermatoglyphics: The study of the patterns of ridges of the skin of the fingers, palms, toes, and soles.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Diving: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Biometric Identification: A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Antigens, Plant: Substances found in PLANTS that have antigenic activity.Cryptomeria: A plant genus of the family TAXODIACEAE. Its POLLEN is one of the major ALLERGENS.Vaccinium: A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE known for species with edible fruits.Blueberry Plant: Several plant species of the genus VACCINIUM known for the edible blueberry fruit.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Immunoglobulin E: An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Human Characteristics: The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Folklore: The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.Individuality: Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.Music Therapy: The use of music as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Judgment: The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.Group Structure: The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.Sierra Leone: A republic in western Africa, south of GUINEA and west of LIBERIA. Its capital is Freetown.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Regional Medical Programs: Coordination of activities and programs among health care institutions within defined geographic areas for the purpose of improving delivery and quality of medical care to the patients. These programs are mandated under U.S. Public Law 89-239.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Lassa Fever: An acute febrile human disease caused by the LASSA VIRUS.Lassa virus: A species of ARENAVIRUS, part of the Old World Arenaviruses (ARENAVIRUSES, OLD WORLD), and the etiologic agent of LASSA FEVER. LASSA VIRUS is a common infective agent in humans in West Africa. Its natural host is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Menu PlanningQuality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Natural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency Disease: An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by absent or decreased PYRUVATE CARBOXYLASE activity, the enzyme that regulates gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, and neurotransmitter synthesis. Clinical manifestations include lactic acidosis, seizures, respiratory distress, marked psychomotor delay, periodic HYPOGLYCEMIA, and hypotonia. The clinical course may be similar to LEIGH DISEASE. (From Am J Hum Genet 1998 Jun;62(6):1312-9)Pyruvate Carboxylase: A biotin-dependent enzyme belonging to the ligase family that catalyzes the addition of CARBON DIOXIDE to pyruvate. It is occurs in both plants and animals. Deficiency of this enzyme causes severe psychomotor retardation and ACIDOSIS, LACTIC in infants. EC 6.4.1.1.Acidosis, Lactic: Acidosis caused by accumulation of lactic acid more rapidly than it can be metabolized. It may occur spontaneously or in association with diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS; LEUKEMIA; or LIVER FAILURE.Multiple Carboxylase Deficiency: A deficiency in the activities of biotin-dependent enzymes (propionyl-CoA carboxylase, methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, and PYRUVATE CARBOXYLASE) due to one of two defects in BIOTIN metabolism. The neonatal form is due to HOLOCARBOXYLASE SYNTHETASE DEFICIENCY. The late-onset form is due to BIOTINIDASE DEFICIENCY.Acidosis: A pathologic condition of acid accumulation or depletion of base in the body. The two main types are RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS and metabolic acidosis, due to metabolic acid build up.Mannosidase Deficiency Diseases: Diseases caused by the loss of one or more enzymes involved in the hydrolysis of mannoside linkages (MANNOSIDASES). The defects in enzyme activity are primarily associated with genetic mutation of the genes that codes for a particular mannosidase isoenzyme.Carbon-Carbon Ligases: Enzymes that catalyze the joining of two molecules by the formation of a carbon-carbon bond. These are the carboxylating enzymes and are mostly biotinyl-proteins. EC 6.4.Methylmalonyl-CoA Decarboxylase: A carboxy-lyase that catalyzes the decarboxylation of (S)-2-Methyl-3-oxopropanoyl-CoA to propanoyl-CoA. In microorganisms the reaction can be coupled to the vectorial transport of SODIUM ions across the cytoplasmic membrane.

Salmon-derived nitrogen in terrestrial invertebrates from coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest. (1/126)

BACKGROUND: Bi-directional flow of nutrients between marine and terrestrial ecosystems can provide essential resources that structure communities in transitional habitats. On the Pacific coast of North America, anadromous salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) constitute a dominant nutrient subsidy to aquatic habitats and riparian vegetation, although the contribution to terrestrial habitats is not well established. We use a dual isotope approach of delta15N and delta13C to test for the contribution of salmon nutrients to multiple trophic levels of litter-based terrestrial invertebrates below and above waterfalls that act as a barrier to salmon migration on two watersheds in coastal British Columbia. RESULTS: Invertebrates varied predictably in delta15N with enrichment of 3-8 per thousand below the falls compared with above the falls in all trophic groups on both watersheds. We observed increasing delta15N levels in our invertebrate groups with increasing consumption of dietary protein. Invertebrates varied in delta13C but did not always vary predictably with trophic level or habitat. From 19.4 to 71.5% of invertebrate total nitrogen was originally derived from salmon depending on taxa, watershed, and degree of fractionation from the source. CONCLUSIONS: Enrichment of delta15N in the invertebrate community below the falls in conjunction with the absence of delta13C enrichment suggests that enrichment in delta15N occurs primarily through salmon-derived nitrogen subsidies to litter, soil and vegetation N pools rather than from direct consumption of salmon tissue or salmon tissue consumers. Salmon nutrient subsidies to terrestrial habitats may result in shifts in invertebrate community structure, with subsequent implications for higher vertebrate consumers, particularly the passerines.  (+info)

How do water transport and water storage differ in coniferous earlywood and latewood? (2/126)

The goal of this research project was to determine the water transport behaviour of earlywood versus latewood in the trunk of 21-year-old Douglas-fir [Pseudostuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] trees. Specific conductivity (k(s)) and the vulnerability of xylem to embolism were measured on a single growth ring and in a subset of earlywood and latewood samples within the same ring. Earlywood/latewood ratio, trunk water potential (Psi) and relative water content (RWC) were used to predict differences in conductivities and vulnerability to embolism. Earlywood has about 11 times the k(s) of latewood, and up to 90% of the total flow occurred through the earlywood. Earlywood's vulnerability to embolism followed the same trend as that of the whole wood, with 50% loss of conductivity at -2.2 MPa (P(50)). Latewood was more vulnerable to embolism than earlywood at high Psi, but as Psi decreased, the latewood showed very little further embolism, with a P(50) <-5.0 MPa. The lowest trunk Psi estimated in the field was about -1.4 MPa, indicating that latewood and earlywood in the field experienced about 42% and 16% loss of k(s), respectively. The higher vulnerability to embolism in latewood than in earlywood at field Psi was associated with higher water storage capacity (21.8% RWC MPa(-1) versus 4.1% RWC MPa(-1), latewood and earlywood, respectively). The shape of the vulnerability curve suggests that air seeding through latewood may occur directly through pores in the margo and seal off at lower pressure than earlywood pores.  (+info)

The role of two isoenzymes of alpha-amylase of Araucaria araucana (Araucariaceae) on the digestion of starch granules during germination. (3/126)

Starch is the principal reserve of Araucaria araucana seeds, and it is hydrolysed during germination mainly by alpha-amylase. There are several alpha-amylase isoenzymes whose patterns change in the embryo and in the megagametophyte from the one observed in quiescent seeds (T(0)) to a different one observed 90 h after imbibition (T(90)). The objective of this research was to study the roles of two purified alpha-amylase isoenzymes by in vitro digestion of starch granules extracted from the tissues at two times of imbibition: one is abundant in quiescent seeds and the other is abundant after 90 h of imbibition. The isoenzymes digested the starch granules of their own stage of germination better, since the isoenzyme T(0) digested starch granules mainly from quiescent seeds, while the isoenzyme T(90) digested starch mainly at 90 h of imbibition. The sizes of the starch granule and the tissue from which these granules originated make a difference to digestion by the isoenzymes. Embryonic isoenzyme T(0) digested large embryonic starch granules better than small and medium-sized granules, and better than those isolated from megagametophytes. Similarly isoenzyme T(90) digested small embryonic starch granules better than medium-sized and large granules, and better than those isolated from megagametophytes. However, a mixture of partially purified megagametophytic isoenzymes T(0) and T(90) digested the megagametophytic granules better than those isolated from embryos. Studies of in vitro sequential digestion of starch granules with these isoenzymes corroborated their specificity. The isoenzyme T(90) digested starch granules previously digested by the isoenzyme T(0). This suggests that in vivo these two isoenzymes may act sequentially in starch granule digestion.  (+info)

The penalty of a long, hot summer. Photosynthetic acclimation to high CO2 and continuous light in "living fossil" conifers. (4/126)

Deciduous forests covered the ice-free polar regions 280 to 40 million years ago under warm "greenhouse" climates and high atmospheric pCO2. Their deciduous habit is frequently interpreted as an adaptation for minimizing carbon losses during winter, but experiments with "living fossils" in a simulated warm polar environment refute this explanation. Measured carbon losses through leaf abscission of deciduous trees are significantly greater than losses through winter respiration in evergreens, yet annual rates of primary productivity are similar in all species. Here, we investigate mechanisms underlying this apparent paradox by measuring the seasonal patterns of leaf photosynthesis (A) under pCO2 enrichment in the same trees. During spring, A increased significantly in coastal redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides), and swamp cypress (Taxodium distichum) at an elevated pCO2 of 80 Pa compared with controls at 40 Pa. However, strong acclimation in Rubisco carboxylation capacity (Vc,max) completely offset the CO2 response of A in all species by the end of 6 weeks of continuous illumination in the simulated polar summer. Further measurements demonstrated the temporary nature of acclimation, with increases in Vc,max during autumn restoring the CO2 sensitivity of A. Contrary to expectations, the acclimation of Vc,max was not always accompanied by accumulation of leaf carbohydrates, but was associated with a decline in leaf nitrogen in summer, suggesting an alteration of the balance in plant sources and sinks for carbon and nitrogen. Preliminary calculations using A indicated that winter carbon losses through deciduous leaf abscission and respiration were recovered by 10 to 25 d of canopy carbon fixation during summer, thereby explaining the productivity paradox.  (+info)

Overdominant lethals as part of the conifer embryo lethal system. (5/126)

In pines, self-pollination rates can be as high as 34% yet only 5% of viable seed is a product of self-fertilization. This decline in selfed seed viability is the consequence of post-fertilization exclusion mechanisms operating via the embryo lethal system. Recent molecular marker dissection studies suggest that the embryo lethal system is composed of semilethal factors dispersed across the genome, but it is not clear whether overdominant lethal factors are rare or representative. The study objective was to determine if overdominance was rare for the embryo lethal system in conifers. Three cohorts of selfed offspring from a single Pinus taeda parent were genotyped for nuclear microsatellites. Maximum likelihood tests based on distorted segregation ratios for single markers and for interval mapping were used to infer the degree of dominance. Four hypotheses about overdominance lethal factors were tested: (1) overdominant lethal factors rarely occur within the embryo lethal system, (2) overdominant lethal factors are rarely detected because they are transient and display stage-specific expression, (3) overdominant lethal factors are rarely detected due to tight linkage with rare marker alleles and (4) dominance estimation is unbiased by gametic selection. Four out of the seven chromosomal segments were linked to an overdominant lethal factor. One of these four segments had symmetric overdominance, an effect which persisted from embryo maturity through germination. Four overdominant lethal factors were linked to common and rare marker alleles. Gametic selection was not a source of bias in dominance estimation. Overdominant or pseudo-overdominant lethal factors are a common component of the conifer embryo lethal system.  (+info)

Island biology and ecosystem functioning in epiphytic soil communities. (6/126)

Although island attributes such as size and accessibility to colonizing organisms can influence community structure, the consequences of these for ecosystem functioning are little understood. A study of the suspended soils of spatially discrete epiphytes or treetop "islands" in the canopies of New Zealand rainforest trees revealed that different components of the decomposer community responded either positively or negatively to island size, as well as to the tree species that the islands occurred in. This in turn led to important differences between islands in the rates of ecosystem processes driven by the decomposer biota. This system serves as a model for better understanding how attributes of both real and habitat islands may affect key ecosystem functions through determining the community structure of organisms that drive these functions.  (+info)

Axillary meristems and the development of epicormic buds in wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis). (7/126)

Intact trees of Wollemia nobilis Jones, Hill and Allen (Araucariaceae) routinely develop multiple coppice shoots as well as orthotropic epicormic shoots that become replacement or additional leaders. As these are unusual architectural features for the Araucariaceae, an investigation was made of the axillary meristems of the main stem and their role in the production of epicormic and possibly coppice shoots. Leaf axils, excised from the apex to the base of 2-m-high W. nobilis plants (seedling origin, ex situ grown), were examined anatomically. Small, endogenous, undifferentiated (no leaf primordia, no vascular or provascular connections) meristems were found in the axils from near the shoot apex. In the more proximal positions about half the meristems sampled did not differentiate further, but became tangentially elongated to compensate for increases in stem diameter. In the remaining axils the meristems slowly developed into bud primordia, although these buds usually developed few leaf primordia and their apical 'domes' were wide and flat. Associated vascular development was generally restricted to provascular dedifferentiation of the cortical parenchyma, with the procambium usually forming a 'closed loop' that did not extend back to the secondary vascular tissues. Development of the meristems was very uneven with adjacent axils often at widely differing stages of development into buds. The study shows that, unlike most conifers, W. nobilis possesses long-lived meristematic potential in most, if not all, leaf axils. Unlike other araucarias that have been investigated, many of the meristems in the orthotropic main stem will slowly develop into bud primordia beneath the bark in intact plants. It appears likely that this slow but continued development provides a ready source of additional or replacement leaders and thus new branches and leaves.  (+info)

Antibacterial and antifungal effects of essential oils from coniferous trees. (8/126)

Essential oils have potential biological effects, i.e., antibiotic, anticarcinogenic, and sedative effects during stress. In the present study, we investigated the antibacterial and antifungal effects of essential oils extracted from the coniferous species Pinus densiflora, Pinus koraiensis, and Chamaecyparis obtusa, because their biological activities have not been yet elucidated. The essential oils were quantified using gas chromatography and identified in gas chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis. Simultaneously, antibacterial and antifungal assays were performed using the essential oils distilled from the needles of coniferous trees. The major components and the percentage of each essential oil were: 19.33% beta-thujene in P. densiflora; 10.49% alpha-pinene in P. koraiensis; 10.88% bornyl acetate in C. obtusa. The essential oils from P. densiflora and C. obtusa have antibacterial effects, whereas essential oils from P. koraiensis and C. obtusa have antifungal effects. These results indicate that the essential oils from the three coniferous trees, which have mild antimicrobial properties, can inhibit the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and fungi.  (+info)

*Gymnosperm

Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta."Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P.595 Walters, Dirk R Walters Bonnie By (1996). Vascular ... Organisms that belong to the Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, Gnetophyta, and Pinophyta (also known as Coniferophyta) phyla are still ...

*List of coniferous plants of Montana

Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta."Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P.595 Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual checklist - Conifer ... The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferophyta or Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa ... "Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: ...

*Pinophyta

Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta". Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P. 595 Lott, John N. A; Liu, Jessica C; Pennell, Kelly A; ... The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants ... "Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: ...

*List of MeSH codes (B06)

... coniferophyta (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.400.122.166 --- cephalotaxus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ...

*Forest

These forests are composed entirely, or nearly so, of coniferous species (Coniferophyta). In the Northern Hemisphere pines ...
Wollemia nobilis aka Wollemi Fir. Grows in Sun to Part Sun. Flower Color is and blooms in . Hardiness zone 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. Characteristics: , , --- Wollemia nobilis, buy Wollemia nobilis for sale from Plant Delights Nursery, award-winning mail order perennial plants on-line; buy Wollemi Fir for sale, buy Wollemia for sale, buy perennial plants for sale, sun garden perennials
The following is a list of widely known trees and shrubs. Taxonomic families for the following trees and shrubs are listed in alphabetical order, likewise the genera and closely related species. The list currently includes 1351 species. Agathis - kauri conifers Agathis australis - kauri pine; dammar Agathis lanceolata - red kauri Agathis robusta - Dundathu pine; Queensland kauri; smooth bark kauri Araucaria - monkey puzzle trees Araucaria angustifolia - Paraná pine Araucaria araucana - monkey-puzzle tree Araucaria bidwillii - bunya-bunya Araucaria columnaris - Cook pine Araucaria cunninghamii - Moreton Bay pine; hoop pine Araucaria heterophylla - Norfolk Island pine Araucaria hunsteinii - klinki Athrotaxis - Tasmanian cedars Athrotaxis cupressoides - pencil pine Athrotaxis selaginoides - King Billy pine Callitris - cypress-pines Callitris columellaris - white cypress-pine; Murray River cypress-pine; northern cypress-pine Callitris preissii - Rottnest Island pine Callitris verrucosa - mallee ...
In the M-ratio analysis, populations BJ, RG and CJ revealed signatures of bottleneck (Table I) when considering an effective population size of 50 individuals for the post-migration population (θ = 0.02). When q was set to 0.2 in the M-ratio analysis (Ne = 500; Table I), signature of low effective population size was retained just in population CJ, emphasizing the occurrence of a bottleneck in this stand. Additional evidence of a bottleneck event in population CJ is given by the elongated branch revealed by this population in the neighbour-joining phylogram (Fig. 2C). Although displaying a relatively low bootstrap support (55%), such elongated branches are usually observed for bottlenecked populations (Takezaki and Nei 1996). DISCUSSION. In this study, the occurrence of genetic bottlenecks in A. angustifolia populations was tested with complementary methods, providing a more comprehensive view of the demographic events related with historical low effective population size. The graphical method ...
In A. angustifolia seeds the highest values of freeIAA occurred in the embryonic axis, at the initial phases of development. Thesevalues decreased sharply coincident with the increase of IAA with thedifferentiation of cotyledons and seed elongation. During seed development,tryptophan concentrations varied inversely with free IAA and directly withconjugated IAA. An increase in peroxidase activity was followed by a decreaseinfree IAA in the embryo axis, and in conjugated IAA in the megagametophyte.Megagametophyte tissues did not exhibit significant variation in free IAAduringseed development. Following the stage where cotyledons arise, tryptophandecreased in the megagametophyte and increased in the cotyledons and embryonicaxis.
Isnt that a really nice conifer? Many of you have probably never seen one of these growing; its likely that none of you have ever seen one in its native habitat because it only grows in a pretty remote area in the Blue Mountains and only a hundred or so trees grow there. Cultivation is making it relatively more common in many botanical and personal gardens in appropriate climates and habitats (its really a tropical tree). Do you recognize it? Wollemia nobilis, the Wollemi pine, is not a real pine but a relative of Araucaria. TPP is quite jealous of people who have one growing in their garden, and then youve got a friend rubbing it in, and toasting the occasion to boot. This species is a real living fossil known from its fossil record going back to the early Cretaceous before anyone knew it was still alive albeit barely so. TPP does have one growing in the universitys glasshouse, but its not the same as having one outside in the garden. Oh yes, the garden shown is in Australia. You can ...
Information about the open-access article Carbohydrate-mediated responses during zygotic and early somatic embryogenesis in the endangered conifer, Araucaria angustifolia. in DOAJ. DOAJ is an online directory that indexes and provides access to quality open access, peer-reviewed journals.
APHOTOFUNGI - Photographic Stock Image Library Page for Heterobasidion annosum - Root Fomes (Polyporale images). A-P-H-O-T-O - Furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography.
The Western Conifer Seed Bug typically makes home in the Northeastern part of the United States during the months of June-November. They typically make their entry into your home or office building via apartments and windows, especially during the winter, to make their camp during the cold months of the year in the comfort of your home. These bugs develop on various types of plants and pines, and when disturbed do dispel a bizarre odor as a defense that smells somewhat "piney." Because of the odor that these bugs are capable of causing, some refer to them as the "stink bug." While they can be quite a nuisance, they are harmless to people. It is hard to keep this bug out of a home. You must be prepared for them. One way to keep them out of your homes is to carefully seal the exterior openings of your house in late summer and early fall.. Western Conifer Seed Bugs are covered under our Overwintering Insect program. Please contact us if you are interested.. ...
GNAEDINGER, Silvia y HERBST, Rafael. First Record Of Gymnosperm Woods From The Roca Blanca Formation (Lower Jurassic), Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. Ameghiniana [online]. 2009, vol.46, n.1, pp. 59-71. ISSN 0002-7014.. Three fossil wood species are recognised from the Liassic (Sinemurian- Toarcian) Roca Blanca Formation: Agathoxylon protoaraucana (Brea) Gnaedinger and Herbst nov. comb., Prototaxoxylon pintadense Gnaedinger and Baieroxylon sp. cf. B. chilensis Torres and Philippe. For their secondary anatomical structures these species have close affinities with the Coniferales (Araucariaceae), Taxales and Ginkgoales? respectively. Also, comparisons of Agathoxylon protoaraucana (Brea) Gnaedinger and Herbst and extant Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch showed that both have identical anatomical characters, which suggests a very conservative group.. Palabras clave : Fossil wood; Anatomy; Roca Blanca Formation; Liassic; Patagonia. ...
Several conifer-feeding Cydia are intercepted at ports of entry. This list includes: C. araucariae, C. strobilella, and likely members of the C. toreuta complex.. Larvae of Cydia araucariae are found in the seeds of Brazilian pine (Araucariaceae: Araucaria angustifolia) imported from Brazil, Argentina, and possibly Chile. Although host/origin is likley sufficient to identify this species, other larval characters from Brown (2011) include: body sometimes pinkish with medium large, pale brown pinacula; prothoracic shield light brown, anal shield dark brown; L pinaculum of T1 rather large, sometimes notched distally; L setae of A9 sometimes all on the same pinacula; SV group 3:3:2(3):1(2):1; number of crochets on abdominal prolegs 34-37. Pastrana (1961) described the larva and pupa.. Cydia strobilella is a pest of spruce in the Palearctic. It ranges from Europe to China and Japan and it is also present in the northern U.S. and Canada. Larvae are usually intercepted on spruce (Pinaceae: Picea) cones ...
One of the new rare plants just being offered for sale is the Wollemi Pine, Wollemia nobilis, which is now for sale in the United States via The National Geographic Society. I was very intrigued, then found out that this plant is only hardy to 23 degrees, so I would have to grow it indoors with bright light. Shoot. I put a moratorium on buying new indoor plants because I am still battling a bit of a mealybug problem indoors. I certainly would not want to purchase a rare plant and then find it was all infested after a few days ...
Western conifer seed bugs have become more numerous in Wisconsin during the last five years. They can become a nuisance when they crawl up the sides of buildings during September and October. Sometimes they cluster in small groups and enter buildings at the onset of cold weather as they seek a protected site to spend the winter. If they can crawl under siding or through other openings into the home, these insects will overwinter in the house and re-emerge on warm, sunny days during the winter and spring months. Western conifer seed bugs do not bite or cause damage in the home.. Life cycle: Usually a single generation of Western conifer seed bugs occurs each year. Western conifer seed bugs have a piercing, sucking moth part, and nymphs (immature insects) feed by sucking nutrients from the seed cones of white, red, Scots, Austrian, and mugo pine, white spruce, Douglas fir and hemlock. This feeding damage does not hurt the tree, but reduced seed production may result from heavy ...
A multiplex real-time PCR assay was developed to monitor the dynamics of the Picea abies-Heterobasidion annosum pathosystem. Tissue cultures and 32-year-old trees with low or high resistance to this pathogen were used as the host material. Probes and primers were based on a laccase gene for the pathogen and a polyubiquitin gene for the host. The real-time PCR procedure was compared to an ergosterol-based quantification method in a tissue culture experiment, and there was a strong correlation (product moment correlation coefficient, 0.908) between the data sets. The multiplex real-time PCR procedure had higher resolution and sensitivity during the early stages of colonization and also could be used to monitor the host. In the tissue culture experiment, host DNA was degraded more rapidly in the clone with low resistance than in the clone with high resistance. In the field experiment, the lesions elicited were not strictly proportional to the area colonized by the pathogen. Fungal colonization was more
I THINK I am gonna get rid of my 8 month old cockerel. Franklin is 8 months, and is a beautiful black and gold,rumpless, clean faced araucana. I got...
I have three standard, clean-faced pure Araucana cockerels for sale. They are all crowing and already mating with my hens and they really need to find...
O pinhão é a semente comestível da Araucaria angustifolia, sendo consumido no sul e sudeste do Brasil principalmente na sua forma in natura. A falta de diversidade em relação ao seu consumo acarreta a sobra da safra e a sua utilização como ração animal, o que diminui o valor de comercialização do produto, prejudicando os ganhos econômicos do produto. A semente do pinhão é composta de 34% de amido e um conteúdo muito baixo de proteínas e lipídios, o que a torna favorável para a obtenção de amido, aditivo amplamente utilizado pela indústria de alimentos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar uma nova fonte de amido a partir de semente de Araucária angustifolia, através de um estudo detalhado da metodologia de extração do amido de pinhão, das características físico-químicas, funcionais e reológicas do grânulo e de sua modificação estrutural. Primeiramente foi determinado um protocolo para a extração do amido e realizado o estudo do efeito do tratamento ...
Matteo received his Bachelors degree in Forestry from the University of Padua, Italy in 1988. He continued his studies in Padua and received a Masters degree in Silviculture/Forest Pathology in 1990. Matteo then left Italy and came to Berkeley to study Plant Pathology and received his M.S. in February of 1993. Matteo received his PhD in December 1996. While in the Bruns lab, Matteo studied the population dynamics of the forest pathogen, Heterobasidion annosum. After leaving the Bruns lab, Matteo worked with Ignacio Chapela in ESPM and looked at the population biology of the Matsutake mushroom. He also continued his work on Heterobasidion annosum by looking at the effects of changes in forest ecosystems on the evolution and ecology of this forest pathogen ...
Paleobotany, anatomy and morphology of vascular plants and fungi. Phylogenetic trands in gymnosperms, evolution and systematics, especially conifers in the Araucariaceae and Podocarpaceae. Cretaceous and Tertiary plants: ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms. Reproductive biology and whole plant biology of fossil aquatic vascular plants. ...
A huge invertebrate diversity is hidden on the forest floor in areas of the Araucaria moist forest, Brazil. Land flatworms constitute a numerous group among these invertebrates occurring in the Neotropical region. Flatworms ...
Comercializadora Arca 23, S.A. De C.V. at ARAUCARIAS 71 XALAPA VERACRUZ 91190. Find their customers, contact information, and details on 1 shipment.
They scanned leaves from living Araucaria trees-tropical conifers that today grow in New Guinea, Australia, and Argentina-and from fossil Araucaria leaves locked in Cretaceous stone. Only the living leaves had FTIR signatures indicating complex sugars like cellulose, but surprisingly the technique revealed the same alkanes, alkenes, and carbon-based ring structures in both living and fossil Araucaria.. Alkenes have double bonds. These tense bonds react more readily with other chemicals than many single bonds. They have not yet reached what chemists call thermodynamic stability-when they lose their potential to react. How can so much chemical potential persist in leaf molecules that are supposedly millions of years old?. Lund University News wrote, "The [waxy] membrane has been preserved in the fossil leaves, some of which are 200 million-years-old."2 This age assignment clearly conflicts with short-lived original plant chemical bonds.. The second surprising result came from scan results between ...
Description from Flora of China. Shrubs or small trees to 3 m tall; bark greenish, very smooth; branches spreading horizontally. Foliage buds 2-4 × 2-4 mm, of long, triangular scales with spreading apices. Leaves spirally arranged, crowded at apex of branchlets; blade of adult leaves narrowly oblanceolate or linear-oblanceolate, (2.5-)5-7 × (0.5-)0.8-1.2 cm but juvenile leaves larger, leathery, midvein prominent and raised adaxially, less distinct but more broadly raised abaxially, base tapered into short petiole, margin slightly revolute, apex rounded or obtuse, subacute in juvenile leaves, sometimes mucronate. Pollen cones axillary, always solitary, sessile, cylindric or ovoid-cylindric, 3-3.5 cm × ca. 7 mm, surrounded at base by a cluster of membranous scales ca. 2 mm wide. Seed-bearing structures borne on peduncles ca. 1 cm. Receptacle red when ripe, cylindric, 1-1.3 cm, base with 2 deciduous, lanceolate sterile bracts ca. 1.5 mm. Epimatium dark blue when ripe. Seed ellipsoid, (8-)9-10 × ...
Gonthier, P., Anselmi, N., Capretti, P., Bussotti, F., Feducci, M., Giordano, L., Honorati, T., Lione, G., Luchi, N., Michelozzi, M., Paparatti, B., Sillo, F., Vettraino, A., Garbelotto, M. (2014) An integrated approach to control the introduced forest pathogen Heterobasidion irregulare in Europe. Forestry 2014; 0, 1-11, doi:10.1093/forestry/cpu015 PDF ...
The Canadian Forest Service promotes the sustainable development of Canadas forests and the competitiveness of the Canadian forest sector
... are the smallest of the conifer family and are used mainly for alpine gardens, scree gardens, troughs and pots.
In breaking chicken news, Im now regularly receiving 3 to 4 eggs per day from the 14 chickens here. The sad thing is that the ultra-violent chicken "Frizz" took a tumble over the past few days and has injured her leg. Frizz who can honestly only be described as the honorary rooster here in the chook collective is a Frizzle feathered variety of the locally renowned Isa Brown chicken variety. My lady spotted her with a companion at a local poultry sale a few years back and felt sorry for her because they were in a very small cage and Frizz was pecking her mate. Upon reflection of the decision to purchase Frizz and her mate: soft hearts make poor decisions; and pecking chickens are just mean pieces of work looking for an easy protein hit. Surprisingly enough even though Frizz has the muscle to be the boss chicken, she lacks the personality. Rumpole the Araucana and her mate Liz the enforcer (who is also an Araucana) are the bosses of the chicken collective here and they rule the roost with an iron ...
Buy TAIGA A320 Online - Bioeffective A 320 also known as Conifer Green Needle Complex. A natural biologically active compound extracted from green conifer needles. CGNC contains vitamins, minerals, fatty and resin acids, chlorophyll, polyprenols, phytoste
Slow growing conifers (Up to 120cms wide or high in 10 years) basically will be over 3 ft in ten years and then go on growing at the slow pace to maturity. Slow growing conifers give form and texture to landscape plantings. Slow growing conifers also make a lovely backcloth to small shrubs and the dwarf conifers.
Research Highlights: This study offers new information on the cross cutting of decayed stems with the sounding of short (0.5 m) offcuts and the bucking of longer (3.0 m) butt-rotten poles. Background and Objectives: The root and butt-rot fungus Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Fr.) Bref. causes wood quality damage to trees in softwood forests. When timber is harvested in butt-rotten forests, it ...
Robust dioecious conifer up to 30 m tall. Trunk stout, 2-3 m diam., clad in thick, corky, furrowed and somewhat stringy reddish-grey bark. Trunk without branches at base, branches stout, erect to spreading. Leaf bud narrower than or the same diam., as branchlet, surrounded by caducous, papery, narrowly lanceolate bracts. Leaves brownish-green, erect, leathery; juvenile 20 x 1-2 mm, adults 15-30 x 3-4 mm., linear-lanceolate, acute, apex pungent, mid-vein distinct to obscure. Male cones (strobili) axillary 10-15 mm, solitary or in 4s. Female branchlets axillary, ovules solitary or paired, receptacle of 2-4 scales, acute and free at tips, maturing as a red, swollen, succulent, sweet tasting fruit this surmounted by a 1(-2) broadly elliptic, ovoid-oblong 3-6 mm, semi-glossy, buff, grey nut brown, henna or dark brown (green to glaucous-green) when fresh, seed.. ...
Timescales are everything for us humans. We tend to notice things that happen relatively fast, like an entire forest turning color in only a few weeks. The conifers have adopted a strategy that isnt as in tune with our perception. Conifers, for the most part, specialize in harsh habitats. Excelling in poor soils and extreme cold, they tend to invest in the long term. Needles are one such adaptation. Their minimal surface area and structural integrity make up for their costly production in nutrient poor conditions. When a conifer produces needles, they need to last for a while ...
slightly different plane (i.e., they move down the pyramid as if it were rotated one-third). Any green objects and creatures Q*Bert can catch will not hurt him - in fact, the little bouncing green balls will stop time briefly for everyone but Q*Bert. If he gets into a tight spot, Q*Bert can jump off the pyramid onto a flying disc which will deposit him back at the top of the pyramid - and lure Coily to a nasty fate by jumping into nothing. Changing the colors of the top of every block in the pyramid to the target color indicated at the top left of the screen will clear the pyramid and start the craziness all over again. (Parker Brothers, 1983). Memories: One of the last games ever produced for the Odyssey 2, this great adaptation of Q*Bert also has the distinction of being among the hardest to find. Released primarily in Europe for the Videopac (the Dutch-produced equivalent of the Odyssey2), Q*Bert has decent graphics and damned fast gameplay for an Odyssey game. ...
Rimu: Rimu,, (Dacrydium cupressinum), coniferous timber tree of the family Podocarpaceae, native to New Zealand. The rimu tree may attain a height of 45 metres (150 feet) or more.
Mayling Simpson-Hébert. Sometimes the best solution is the easiest solution, and that is certainly true when it comes to serving most of the people on the planet without sanitation. The simple pit, with its bacteria, insects and worms, provides natures reply to the vexed question of how to provide them with toilets.. Before there were sewerage systems, nature recycled faeces deposited on the ground. Wriggly creatures broke it down or sunlight dried it out, or both. Animal excreta provide the nutrients that plants need to grow, then animals consume the plants as food, and so goes the cycle.. This is the theory behind ecological toilets: the replication of natures processes without requiring water for flushing or polluting rivers and lakes with sewage, and providing a nutrient-rich compost for growing food. They are most suited to rural areas, but some models are also used in towns. The simplest eco-toilet is the Arborloo. A slab is placed over a metre-deep pit which, when full, is planted ...
Lyrics to Needle Of Death by Bert Jansch: When sadness fills your heart / And sorrow hides the longing to be free / When things go wrong
Buy, download and read Hat in the Ring ebook online in EPUB format for iPhone, iPad, Android, Computer and Mobile readers. Author: Bert Frandsen. ISBN: 9781588344588. Publisher: Smithsonian. When Congress declared war in April 1917, the Europeans had already deployed their third generation of fighters, equipped with machine guns and capable of speeds in excess of 100 miles per hour, while
BERTs key technical innovation is applying the bidirectional training of Transformer, a popular attention model, to language modelling. It has caused a stir in the Machine Learning community by presenting state-of-the-art results in a wide variety of NLP tasks.
Leaving Bert was hard, really, really hard. Weve journeyed far together over the last year. When I trapped him, he was wearing an old collar, so that told me he had been friendly at some point with someone. But he had been on his own for a long time, so we had to earn each others trust. He seemed to love being petted but would always end with a nasty bite or a full-clawed swat when I withdrew my hand to go. I almost gave up on him on several different occasions, even going so far as to get the carrier out in order to return him to the trapping site. But each time the carrier came out, his aggressive behaviors immediately went away and he rolled over and wanted his tummy rubbed. I couldnt do it. I later realized his aggressive behaviors were probably coming from a place of fearing he was going to be abandoned again. He adored the affection and never wanted it to end for fear it would never return, as had been his experience ...
After a petition called for Bert and Ernie to get married on Sesame Street, the TV show has weighed in on Facebook: Bert and Ernie are best friends. They were created to teach preschoolers that people can be good friends with those who are very different from themselves. Even though they are identified as male characters and possess many human traits and characteristics (as most Sesame Street Muppets do), they remain puppets, and do not have a sexual orientation.
Artist Q And A listare versuri Q BERT formatie Q How Many Punks Does It Take To Change A Light Bulb versuri albume melodii Q Fish Dance versuri album Q Ball litera q si versuri muzica
See what Bert Jonkman (bertjonkman77) has discovered on Pinterest, the worlds biggest collection of everybodys favorite things.
CALHOUN, Ga. (AP) - Bert Lance, a Georgia banker and close ally of former President Jimmy Carter who served as his first budget director bef…
Dr. Jack Bert, MD, rated 3.8/5 by patients. 27 reviews, Phone number & practice locations, Orthopedic Surgeon in Saint Paul, MN.
Real standouts in the landscape, blue conifers lend both a spot of excitement and a source of tranquility. Blue conifers add spectacular focal points.
A unique long-term (1983-2013) dataset of sulfur and nitrogen deposition has been compiled for Sweden as well as the Baltic Sea and surrounding countries, based on quality controlled measurements and modelled fields, fused though advanced methods capturing spatial and temporal variations. The data set can be used for describing trends in deposition to various relevant surface types.Our reanalysis compares well to observations, but we have identified differences in dry deposition to coniferous forest. This calls for more in-depth studies of the dry deposition and improvements to the respective methods.We recommend more advanced methods of describing spatial variation than averaging or spatial interpolation of observed deposition.We estimate a significant decrease from the 1980s until today for both sulfur and nitrogen deposition (by ca. 80% and 30% respectively).Critical loads for coniferous and deciduous forests, mountain vegetation and wetlands have been surpassed mainly in the southwest ...
Conditional female lethal genetic systems evaluated in Drosophila melanogaster. (Top) Heat inducible female lethal system. The hid open reading frame was interr
After a lot of testing and comparing experimental design, it was found that [researchers] had used a cat food to feed the [OX513A] larvae and this cat food contained chicken. It is known that tetracycline is routinely used to prevent infections in chickens, especially in the cheap, mass produced, chicken used for animal food. The chicken is heat-treated before being used, but this does not remove all the tetracycline. This meant that a small amount of tetracycline was being added from the food to the larvae and repressing the [designed] lethal system." ...
Combined Systems, Inc. a premier engineering, manufacturing and supply company of less lethal systems and tactical munitions to law enforcement, homeland
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Division Coniferophyta Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Conifer: Conifer, any member of the division Pinophyta, class Pinopsida, order Pinales, made up of living and fossil gymnospermous plants that usually have needle-shaped evergreen
Spring is around the corner and so are the Conifer Aphids Aphids suck the sap from the green foliage causing unsightly brown dead patches which can destroy whole hedges.
Despite the reputation of conifers as sun-loving plants, there are selections that do well in shaded areas of the landscape, as well.
Join for free! Read real reviews and see ratings for Conifer, CO Kidney Doctors near you to help you pick the right pro Kidney Specialist.
9629 Fallen Rock Road is a real estate Single Family property that is for sale by Colorado Real Estate on www.homesincolorado.com. The MLS# is 9288201 and it is available for $380,000. Includes 3 Beds , 3 Baths and 2186 square feet.
Autumn Colors Tithing by Graceway Media. Title Screens are motions that are tailor-made to enhance your service. Use them for Announcements, Upcoming Events, and Segment Starters.
Images of Halocarpus Biformis or Yellow pine at google.com Halocarpus Biformis is also known as yellow pine or pink pine is a coniferous tree.. Overview of Halocarpus Biformis or Yellow Pine • It is endemic to New Zealand. • The tree can grow up to a height of 10m. • In open areas is […]. ...
Coniferous tree sap is a viscous liquid, that contains terpene, a volatile compound which is a type of hydrocarbon. Over time the evaporation of the terpene changes the state of the sap; it slowly gets thicker until it hardens into resin. New fatwood leaks the sticky sap, while in aged fatwood the sap has hardened and is no longer sticky. At every stage of the aging process, fatwood will burn readily, even when wet ...
by Zhang, Ming and Zhang, Ming and Wang, Yuxuan and Wang, Yuxuan and Jones, Sian and Jones, Sian and Sausen, Mark and Sausen, Mark and McMahon, Kevin and McMahon, Kevin and Sharma, Rajni and Sharma, Rajni and Wang, Qing and Wang, Qing and Belzberg, Allan J and Belzberg, Allan J and Chaichana, Kaisorn and Chaichana, Kaisorn and Gallia, Gary L and Gallia, Gary L and Gokaslan, Ziya L and Gokaslan, Ziya L and Riggins, Greg J and Riggins, Greg J and Wolinksy, Jean-Paul and Wolinksy, Jean-Paul and Wood, Laura D and Wood, Laura D and Montgomery, Elizabeth A and Montgomery, Elizabeth A and Hruban, Ralph H and Hruban, Ralph H and Kinzler, Kenneth W and Kinzler, Kenneth W and Papadopoulos, Nickolas and Papadopoulos, Nickolas and Vogelstein, Bert and Vogelstein, Bert and Bettegowda, Chetan and Bettegowda, Chetan ...
Dr. Petersen is director of Breast Surgery Clinic Program at St. Barnabas Hospital, & works to eliminate racial disparities in cancer by educating minority women.
How common is each answer word? This chart shows the number of puzzles each word has appeared in across all NYT puzzles, old and modern. ...
How common is each answer word? This chart shows the number of puzzles each word has appeared in across all NYT puzzles, old and modern. ...
Ich dužina a šupka je plná vitamínu C. Okrem toho sú veľmi zdravé a krásne červené, ríbezle dokážu výborne osviežiť. Jednoducho som si ich natrhal v záhrade za plnú misu a pripravil si chutný Ríbezľovo banánový RAW koláčik ...
Hoci sa v našom jedálničku neobjavuje často, jej konzumácia je veľmi prospešná pre ľudský organizmus. Môže sa konzumovať v surovom stave, v šalátoch, v zmesi s inou zeleninou, prípadne konzervovaná či varená. Má výraznú chuť aj farbu. Reč je o červenej repe, u nás známej ako „cvikla". Okrem toho, že cvikla je neodmysliteľnou súčasťou polievok „borsč" , výborne sa hodí aj na prípravu chutných koláčikov. Ja viem… je to zvláštna kombinácia, ale výsledok stojí za to najmä v tom prípade, ak radi objavujete nové chute. Nechajte sa inšpirovať - Cviklovým koláčikom Čítať viac…. ...
and is a mix of Beatles sounds drawn from master tapes. Thirty-seven named songs and dozens of unnamed tunes have been put together to make a sort of mashup, but it remains to be seen whether fans will accept this tampering with their beloved Beatles canon. The question for ...
Federal Finance Minister Jim Flaherty has not graced the House of Commons with his presence since he presented his 2013 budget a month ago.
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Xuan is combining bench work and computational analyses to study horizontal transfer and evolution of transposable elements in conifers.. She is also analyzing the evolutionary dynamics of gene families involved in recombination in conifers and angiosperms.. ...
Cabin Fever Synopsis: The college friends Paul, Karen, Bert, Marcy and Jeff rent an isolated cabin in the woods to spend a week together. When they arrive, a man contaminated with a weird disease asks for help to them, but they get in panic and burn the man, who falls in the water reservoir and dies. ...
Ben M C Gorissen, Joost J Uilenreef, Wilhelmina Bergmann, Ellen Meijer, Bert van Rietbergen, Franz Josef van der Staay, P René van Weeren, Claudia F Wolschrijn ...
Lauri A. Aaltonen, Päivi Peltomäki, Jukka-Pekka Mecklin, Heikki Järvinen, Jeremy R. Jass, Jane S. Green, Henry T. Lynch, Patrice Watson, Gustav Tallqvist, Matti Juhola, Pertti Sistonen, Stanley R. Hamilton, Kenneth W. Kinzler, Bert Vogelstein and Albert de la Chapelle ...
Pink Alf formularized contingently. Permutable violet Carlos belabor binary options trade demo deaths-head inebriate cataloguing influentially. Angriest Lon mitigates illegitimately. Persuasible Artur pouncing, tollbooth popes guaranties repetitively. Contributing Quillan streamlines Forex usd to cad chart reads inscribed downhill? Latest transcriptional Sholom windlasses superfecundation top 10 forex trading tips yachts shoot-outs punishingly. Unharboured gaff-rigged Hale pedestrianising healing top 10 forex trading tips hutting pretermitting creakily. Noisome unwrapped Giorgi mackling executioner sodomize comprehend barebacked! Hazier halophilous Bert network good-fellowship condoles naphthalizing correctly ...
Merriam, P.A>, Ockene, I.S., Hébert, J.R., & Ma, Y. (1997). A Lipid Trial Tracking System. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 3(6), 74-78.. © 1997 Wolters Kluwer Health , Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.. ...
The Membership Committee will meet today following the club meeting. Please review the last committee meeting minutes for any action items and let Bert know if you CANNOT attend. Location will be announced as the date draws near.
Thursday, May 14, 1936 LE. IOWA. THURSDAY, MAY 14, Postville Herald Wm. J. KUngbeil, Publisher Bert E. Tattle, Editor •ntered at the Postofftce at Postville, Iowa, as Second Class Mall Mutter. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE 12 .00 Per Year in the TJ. S.. Edition of Postville Herald
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 6. Terjedelem: 8 p.-Azonosító: 23390. ISSN 2045-2322 (2016) Horváth Tamás, Ambrus Rita, Völgyi Gergely, Budai-Szűcs Mária, Márki Árpád, Sipos Péter, Bartos Csilla, Seres Adrienn, Sztojkov-Ivanov Anita, Takács-Novák Krisztina, Csányi Erzsébet, Gáspár Róbert, Szabó-Révész Piroska ...
LOCO-MOTION is de praktijk van Dr. Bert Vanermen (orthopedische heelkunde, evaluatie menselijke schade, sport traumatologie) en Dr. Maries Aertgeerts (fysische geneeskunde, EMG, evaluatie menselijke schade). De site bevat een handige zelfdiagnose-functie die door iedereen kan geraadpleegd worden.
LOCO-MOTION is de praktijk van Dr. Bert Vanermen (orthopedische heelkunde, evaluatie menselijke schade, sport traumatologie) en Dr. Maries Aertgeerts (fysische geneeskunde, EMG, evaluatie menselijke schade). De site bevat een handige zelfdiagnose-functie die door iedereen kan geraadpleegd worden.
The main diversity among Araucaria genus is hosted in New Caledonia, where 14 species, all endemic, are described on a total of 20 extant species. These New Caledonian species are mainly found as dispersed populations in opened area, where competition is less intense. New Caledonia, considered as the smallest of the most significant biodiversity hotspot in the world, host a unique flora which 75.1% is endemic. The different species of Araucaria trees can be found in every habitat that New Caledonia present. However, almost all of them are growing on ultramafic substrate, characterized by a low fertility (low N,P,K levels) and heavy metal richness (nickel, cobalt). The view that the island is a museum for plant relicts is opposed to the one implying more recent radiation consecutively to the island emersion. New Caledonia was part of the supercontinent Gondwana, and separated from Australia 80 Ma. However, geological evidences suggest that New Caledonia was submerged during Paleocene (ca. 65 Ma) ...
This study aimed to find associations between lower susceptibility to Heterobasidion spp. in Norway spruce and changes in the transcriptome and chemical profiles among host genotypes challenged with the fungus. We used unique clone material derived from fully-grown Norway spruce trees with either high or low susceptibility to Heterobasidion spp. as measured in a field trial [7]. We selected four genotypes at a site in central Sweden, two highly susceptible and two with lower susceptibility for these comparisons. It is well established that in the interaction between Heterobasidion spp. and conifers, lesion length correlates to the fungal extension but not to the host resistance measured as sapwood growth or rot extension in the wood [6, 8, 38]. Consequently one cannot expect a lesion extension proportional to the fungal extension under field conditions. Although, we could not detect any significant differences in lesion length between genotypes at 44 dpi, we found significantly longer lesions in ...
Prediction of projected tree leaf area using allometric relationships with sapwood cross-sectional area is common in tree- and stand-level production studies. Measuring sapwood is difficult and often requires destructive sampling. This study tested multiple leaf area prediction models across seven diverse conifer species in the Sierra Nevada of California. The best-fit whole tree leaf area prediction model for overall simplicity, accuracy, and utility for all seven species was a nonlinear model with basal area as the primary covariate. A new non-destructive procedure was introduced to extend the branch summation approach to leaf area data collection on trees that cannot be destructively sampled. There were no significant differences between fixed effects assigned to sampling procedures, indicating that data from the tested sampling procedures can be combined for whole tree leaf area modeling purposes. These results indicate that, for the species sampled, accurate leaf area estimates can be obtained
... specifications & features from suppliers/manufacturer Now, we can supply the arce, camellia sasnqua, ginkgo, ilex, loropetalum, metasequdia, pinus parviflora, podocarpus acrophyllus, pseudolarix amabilis, rhododendron simsii, sabina chinensis, serissa foetide, ficus, ulms, ficus taiwan, ligustrum, carmo
The biotic factors of a coniferous forest are all the living components found in this biome, which are animals, plants and protists. Examples of these biotic factors include, bears, porcupines, fir...
Leptodactylus araucaria (Kwet & Angulo, 2002). Type locality: "Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza Pró-Mata (CPCN) (about 950 m a.s.l.), 29° 30´ S, 50° 10´ W, municipality of São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil".. Holotype: MCP 2421.. ...
Haploids are a valuable tool for genomic studies in higher plants, especially those with huge genome size and long juvenile periods, such as conifers. In these species, megagametophyte cultures have been widely used to obtain haploid callus and somatic embryogenic lines. One of the main problems associated with tissue culture is the potential genetic instability of the regenerants. Because of this, chromosomal stability of the callus and/or somatic embryos should also be assessed. To this end, chromosome counting, flow cytometry and genotyping using microsatellites have been reported. Here, we present an overview of the work done in conifers, with special emphasis on the production of a haploid cell line in maritime pine (Pinus pinaster L.) and the use of a set of molecular markers, which includes Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) and microsatellites or Single Sequence Repeats (SSRs), to validate chromosomal integrity confirming the presence of all chromosomic arms.
The amount and composition of lipophilic and hydrophilic extractives, including proanthocyanidins, has been analysed as a first screening in the bark of six Pakistani coniferous tree species, namely Pinus wallichiana, Pinus roxburghii, Pinus gerardiana, Abies pindrow, Taxus fuana and Cedrus deodara. The predominant lipophilic extractives were common fatty and resin acids, fatty alcohols and sterols. In all bark samples, short-chain fatty acids were more abundant than long-chain fatty acids. Generally, the amount of free fatty acids was also larger than the amount of triglycerides. Oleic acid was the most common fatty acid, except in C. deodara, where lignoceric acid dominated. The largest amounts of fatty acids and fatty alcohols were found in P. wallichiana and P. gerardiana. P. gerardiana contained an exceptionally large amount of resin acids, approximately 3% of the bark weight, compared to the other species. The amount of free sterols was approximately at the same level or larger than the ...
Genome sequence assemblies of many angiosperm trees used in forestry are now emerging, in addition to the well-characterised genomes of black poplar and eucalyptus reviewed in previous chapters of...
The Blanchette Lab has created educational videos about Heterobasidion root disease, its impact, and how to prevent and manage it in pine plantations. The first video includes forest pathologist Ben Held discussing background information about the disease and how to identify the pathogen. Watch the video||
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Star of Bert the Conqueror, Bert Kreischer got his start thanks to Rolling Stone declaring him the Number One Partier in the Nation. Hes been hustling for bigger and better gigs on the comedy scene ever since.Bert Kreischer,Helium Comedy Club, Portland, Oregon, Wed., Feb. 22, 8 p.m., Thu., Feb. 23, 8 p.m., Fri., Feb. 24, 7 & 9:30 p.m. and Sat., Feb. 25, 7 & 9:30 p.m. 2012
The report generally describes iso bornyl acetate, examines its uses, production methods, patents. Iso Bornyl Acetate market situation is overviewed;
In the realm of the gymnosperms we see in our everyday lives, it is often nearly inevitable not to become captured by the beauty some display. There are about 1000 different types of gymnosperm species, of which each have a significant role in our lives. They roughly make up about 80% of our food supply, and are the primary sources of a great amount of our usable herbs. The Extinct Coniferous Tree. Cordaitales are an extinct form of conifer gymnosperms that are believed to have been existent in the Mesozoic Era. They are also considered as being fossil plants that were prevalent throughout the Carboniferous period, which was roughly 300 million years ago. They are believed to have been grown in the form of trees that reached nearly 100 feet with leather textured leaves. Coniferales Beauty. Unlike their taller counterpart figures of Cordaitales, coniferales have a rather different figure. They are evergreen trees that are more in the form of shrubs with needle textured leaves. With the scientific ...
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Araucaria cookii, Bauhinia blakeana and Brassaia actinophylla are ornamental plants. The presence of various phytochemicals and pharmacologically important compounds in these plants can be exploited for their medicinal use. But there are no reports on the phytochemical and pharmacological evaluation of these plants and this study aims at investigating these. The plant extracts were prepared in different solvents like methanol, ethanol, ethyl acetate, acetone, hexane, water and chloroform. Qualitative analysis of phytochemicals were assessed. The anti-microbial, anti-oxidant and enzyme inhibitory activity was determined for all three plant extracts. Anti-bacterial activity against three gram negative bacteria, E. coli, Pseudomonas and Klebsiella was done and Araucaria cooki showed highest antibacterial activity among the three plants. Maximum antioxidant activity was seen in methanol extract of Brassaia actinophyla with 81% inhibition. The order of the antioxidant activity of the three plants are in the
http://www.caieiras.sp.gov.br/portal/index.php/sme-conteudo-estatico/844-curiosidades-da-bandeira.html - Municipal website, with photos of the flag presented by the designer and members of his family.. The coat of arms is prescribed by Law 326 of 9 August 1965, rephrasing Law no. 158 of 13 July 1962. The coat of arms is made of a blue shield with a yellow canton charged with a blue disk surrounding the red map of the town and surrounded by four white stars [yellow on the image]. The upper right quarter shows an araucaria surrounded by a gear wheel and an open book. The lower part of the shield shows a yellow lime kiln with white smoke, superimposed with the name of the town in white capital letters. The shield is surmounted by a mural crown argent. The shield is surrounded by two Japanese cedars. Below the shield a yellow scroll inscribed with the motto "URBS PINETORUM" (The Town of the Pines, here Araucarias) surrounded by the date "XIV DE DEZEMBRO" "DE 1958". The Portuguese shield recalls the ...
The park is in the transitional zone between the temperate deciduous forests to the south and the boreal forests to the north but so close to the northern limit of the zone that the vegetation is overwhelmingly boreal in nature. However, there are southern elements, more or less rare, which point to the temperate zone, like maples, oaks, red ash, large-tooth aspen and yellow birch. Jack pine is the most important tree, followed by black spruce. Quaking aspen and paper birch are very abundant, too. Due to the scarcity of wildfires in recent decades, balsam fir is now very common in the understory. The conifer diversity is remarkable, at least from the European perspective; there are 10 conifer species altogether (3 pines, 2 spruces, fir, larch, white-cedar, juniper and yew) and I sometimes saw 8 species at one glance around me - I wonder if it is possible to see more conifers even in the Sierra Nevada in one place? (Of course, there are more conifer species in the Sierra but they are located in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Epicuticular wax variation in ecotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana. AU - Rashotte, Aaron M.. AU - Jenks, Matthew A.. AU - Nguyen, Thanh D.. AU - Feldmann, Kenneth A.. PY - 1997/5. Y1 - 1997/5. N2 - Quantification of the epicuticular wax from the stems of 40 ecotypes of Arabidopsis thailuna showed a two-fold range in total wax lead that was not correlated to known abiotic characteristics of the ecotypes origin of collection. Chemical analysis of these ecotypes revealed similar epicuticular wax profiles for all ecotypes except CT-1. In CT-1 the amount of 22 and 24 carbon length primary alcohols was increased by 16-and 8-fold, respectively, over that observed in the epicuticular wax averaged over all ecotypes.. AB - Quantification of the epicuticular wax from the stems of 40 ecotypes of Arabidopsis thailuna showed a two-fold range in total wax lead that was not correlated to known abiotic characteristics of the ecotypes origin of collection. Chemical analysis of these ecotypes ...
Conifer Trees found in: Juniperus horizontalis Plant - Pancake, Platycladus or. Plant - Aurea Nana (Thuja), Chamaecyparis pisifera Plant - Teddy Bear,..
We report eight new mutants in Arabidopsis thaliana possessing altered leaf morphology and epicuticular wax. These were isolated from a T-DNA-mutagenized population using a visual screen for altered leaf reflectance, i.e. increased glaucousness or glossiness. The mutants were placed into three distinct classes based on alterations in overall plant morphology: knobhead (knb), bicentifolia (bcf), and wax. The four knb mutants formed callus-like growths in the axillary region of the rosette leaves and apical meristem, the two bcf mutants produced hundreds of narrow leaves, and the two wax mutants had leaves and stems that were more glossy than wild type and organs that fused during early development. Leaves of knb and bcf were more glaucous and abnormally shaped than wild type. Epicuticular wax crystals over knb and bcf leaf surfaces (where none were present on wild type) likely contributed to their more glaucous appearance. In contrast, the glossy appearance of the wax mutants was associated with ...
Abies concolor White Fir Acacia baileyana Bailey Acacia. Acacia baileyana Purpurea Purple Fern-leaf Acacia Acacia cognata River Wattle. Acacia farnesiana Sweet Acacia Acacia longifolia Sidney Golden Wattle. Acacia melanoxylon Blackwood Acacia Acacia podalyriifolia Pearl Acacia. Acacia retinodes Water Wattle Acacia salicina Willow Acacia. Acacia saligna Blue-leaf Wattle Acacia stenophylla Shoestring Acacia. Acca sellowiana Pineapple Guava Acer macrophyllum Big-leaf Maple. Acer negundo Flamingo Box Elder Maple Acer palmatum Japanese Maple. Acer platanoides Norway Maple Acer rubrum Red Maple. Acer saccharinum Silver Maple Acer saccharum Sugar Maple. Aesculus californica California Buckeye Aesculus hippocastanum Common Horse Chestnut. Agathis robusta Queensland Kauri Agonis flexuosa Peppermint Tree. Ailanthus altissima Tree-of-Heaven Albizia julibrissin Silk Tree. Alnus rhombifolia White Alder Aloe barberae Tree Aloe. Araucaria araucana Monkey Puzzle Tree Araucaria bidwillii Bunya-bunya ...
Fire Extinguishers Bedford, Fire Risk Assessment Bedford, Fire Extinguisher Servicing Bedford, Fire Extinguisher Annual Maintenance Bedford, Feta Qualified Bedford, Fire Extinguisher Refills Bedford, Fire Protection Bedford
Abstract: The aim of this work was to identify whether the Ascocalyx abietina culture filtrate has the ability to induce changes in the contents of phenolic substances that might be indicative for the disease response of Norway spruce (Picea abies). We focused on the accumulation of soluble and cell wall-bound phenolics, stilbenes as well as extracellular peroxidase activities elicited in the embryogenic cell cultures of Norway spruce by A. abietina culture filtrate. Treatment of spruce cells with fungal culture filtrate (5 and 20% v/v concentrations) evoked an increase in the total contents of phenolic acids (represented by the sum of free, methanol soluble ester- and glycoside- bound phenolics and methanol insoluble cell-wall bound phenolic esters). The challenge with filtrate was in particular manifested in the increase (compared with the control) in the contents of cell wall-bound phenolic acids (by about 100 and 130% in 5 and 20% filtrate, respectively) and soluble phenolic glycosides (by ...
Environmental variation is a major driver of evolutionary divergence. It can lead to natural selection on environment-associated traits, which can trigger assortative mating, reproductive isolation and ultimately speciation [1]. Adaptive divergence can evolve in allopatry when groups of individuals occur in separated and contrasting environments [2], or in sympatry and parapatry when they have different ecological niches [1,3]. In the absence of geographical barriers to gene flow, habitat and/or prey preferences among groups of individuals can lead to genetic and morphological differentiation. For example, top predators inhabiting neighbouring areas, such as grey wolves in boreal coniferous forest and tundra/taiga, that are known to specialize on different prey, can be genetically and phenotypically differentiated [4]. Other examples include Galapagos sea lions from two distinct rookeries foraging in benthic and pelagic habitats, sympatric populations of killer whales specializing on fish or ...

Molecular cloning of the mountain cedar (Juniperus ashei) pollen major allergen, Jun a 1<...Molecular cloning of the mountain cedar (Juniperus ashei) pollen major allergen, Jun a 1<...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Molecular cloning of the mountain cedar (Juniperus ashei) pollen major allergen, Jun a 1. AU - Midoro-Horiuti, Terumi. AU - Goldblum, R. M.. AU - Kurosky, A.. AU - Wood, Thomas. AU - Schein, C. H.. AU - Brooks, E. G.. PY - 1999. Y1 - 1999. N2 - Background: Cedar pollens cause allergic disease in diverse geographic areas. We have recently purified and characterized the major mountain cedar (Juniperus ashei) pollen allergen, Jun a 1. Objective: A full-length complementary DNA for Jun a 1 was cloned and sequenced, and the recombinant protein was expressed. Methods: Messenger RNA from mountain cedar pollen was purified and Jun a 1 sequences were established with use of reverse transcriptase-PCR and primers based on the N-terminal amino acid sequence of Jun a 1 and the homologous protein Cry j 1. Portions of the nucleotide sequence were confirmed by comparison with N-terminal amino acid sequencing of the intact tryptic fragments of the purified native protein. Recombinant Jun a 1 was ...
more infohttps://researchexperts.utmb.edu/en/publications/molecular-cloning-of-the-mountain-cedar-juniperus-ashei-pollen-ma

Why coniferophyta called sporophyte? - Biology-OnlineWhy coniferophyta called sporophyte? - Biology-Online

No, seeds are not spores. The tree itself is the sporophyte generation. It is called a sporophyte because it produces spores, not because it is a spore. It produces microspores, which are part of the pollen grain, and megaspores, which develop into the egg, antipodal cells, polar nuclei, and synergids. The seed is simply a structure, derived from the ovule, specific to vascular seed plants that houses the multicellular embryos of sporophytes ...
more infohttps://www.biology-online.org/biology-forum/viewtopic.php?t=22775

Coniferophyta - oiConiferophyta - oi

Pinophyta). The biggest division of gymnosperms, with a long fossil history, comprising trees and shrubs, nearly all of which are evergreen, commonly with monopodial crowns. Most are resinous. The wood lacks vessels (see trachea and vessel element). Conifers are extremely important for timber and paper production. The leaves are often needle- or scale-like. Fertile parts occur in unisexual cones, variously containing sterile scales. Stamens are borne on commonly peltate scales. The ovule and seed are naked and borne on a scale. They first appear as fossils in Carboniferous rocks. There are about 550 extant species. ...
more infohttp://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803095632261?print

Division: Coniferophyta / Pinophyta I -  ppt video online downloadDivision: Coniferophyta / Pinophyta I - ppt video online download

Coniferophyta Class: Pinopsida / Coniferopsida Order: Pinales / Coniferales Termed conifers because most members bear their ... Coniferophyta / Pinophyta The conifers are assigned to the Division: Pinophyta / ... 1 Division: Coniferophyta / Pinophyta I 2 Coniferophyta / Pinophyta. The conifers are assigned to the Division: Pinophyta / ... Download ppt "Division: Coniferophyta / Pinophyta I" * Ppt on 60 years of indian parliament latest Ppt on condition based ...
more infohttp://slideplayer.com/slide/3853139/

Gymnosperm | Encyclopedia.comGymnosperm | Encyclopedia.com

Coniferophyta Cycadophyta Ginkgophyta Gnetophyta Extant members 50-60 genera, about 550 species. 11 genera, about 160 species. ... The Coniferophyta, or conifers, are the most abundant group of living gymnosperms and the first of the living gymnosperm groups ... In the Five Kingdoms classification system, gymnosperms comprise three distinct phyla: Coniferophyta (such as pine, spruce, and ... There are four groups of gymnosperms living today-Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, and Gnetophyta-but many additional ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/botany/botany-general/gymnosperm

Fossils by Phylum | BRLSIFossils by Phylum | BRLSI

Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution is an educational charity based in Queen Square, Bath. We have two main activities; a programme of talks, discussions and exhibitions on science, the arts and current affairs, and the maintenance and exhibition of our extensive collection of books, fossils and artifacts. Outside organisations also use our premises for meetings.
more infohttps://www.brlsi.org/museum-collections/online-museum/fossils/fossils-by-phylum

Gymnosperm - WikipediaGymnosperm - Wikipedia

Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta."Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P.595 Walters, Dirk R Walters Bonnie By (1996). Vascular ... Organisms that belong to the Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, Gnetophyta, and Pinophyta (also known as Coniferophyta) phyla are still ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymnosperm

List of coniferous plants of Montana - WikipediaList of coniferous plants of Montana - Wikipedia

Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta."Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P.595 Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual checklist - Conifer ... The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferophyta or Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa ... "Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_coniferous_plants_of_Montana

Pinophyta - WikipediaPinophyta - Wikipedia

a b c d e Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta". Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P. 595 ... The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants ... "Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coniferous_forest

Plant | Encyclopedia.comPlant | Encyclopedia.com

The Coniferophyta has about 600 species, and includes familiar evergreen trees such as pines , spruces, and firs . The conifers ... The Coniferophyta has about 600 species, and includes familiar evergreen trees such as pines, spruces, and firs. The conifers ... and Coniferophyta (588 species). Conifers bear seeds in cones and include many familiar needle-bearing evergreens, such as pine ... Coniferophyta (conifers); and Angiospermophyta (angiosperms). See also alternation of generations. ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/botany/botany-general/plant

Conifer | plant | Britannica.comConifer | plant | Britannica.com

Alternative Titles: Coniferales, Coniferophyta. Conifer, any member of the division Pinophyta, class Pinopsida, order Pinales, ... Conifers (division Coniferophyta) include trees and shrubs in 7 extant families and 550 species. Familiar representatives are ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/plant/conifer

Plants Profile for Juniperus oxycedrus (cade juniper)Plants Profile for Juniperus oxycedrus (cade juniper)

Coniferophyta - Conifers Class. Pinopsida Order. Pinales Family. Cupressaceae - Cypress family Genus. Juniperus L. - juniper ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=JUOX2

Plants Profile for Pinus (pine)Plants Profile for Pinus (pine)

Coniferophyta - Conifers Class. Pinopsida Order. Pinales Family. Pinaceae - Pine family Genus. Pinus L. - pine ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PINUS

Trees of Reed: Family Tour, Intro.Trees of Reed: Family Tour, Intro.

These are the gymnosperms (Coniferophyta) and Ginkgo biloba, the maidenhair tree, which is the only surviving member of the ...
more infohttp://www.reed.edu/trees/tour/index.html

Pinophyta - WikipediaPinophyta - Wikipedia

a b c d e Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta". Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P. 595 ... The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants ... "Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conifer

Types of treesTypes of trees

Coniferophyta - Pinophyta: They are known as conifers. They are the most abundant trees within gymnosperms, both in terms of ...
more infohttps://www.botanical-online.com/typesoftrees.htm

BOTANICA SISTEMATICABOTANICA SISTEMATICA

Division/Divisione: Coniferophyta. Class/Classe: Pinopsida. Order/Ordine: Taxales. Family/Famiglia: Taxaceae Genus/Genere: ...
more infohttp://www.homolaicus.com/scienza/erbario/utility/botanica_sistematica/hypertext/1941.htm

Conifer - The Full WikiConifer - The Full Wiki

a b c d e Campbell, Reece, "Phylum Coniferophyta."Biology. 7th. 2005. Print. P.595 ... The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferophyta or Coniferae, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa ... Older scientific names (no longer allowed) are Coniferophyta and Coniferales.. According to the ICBN it is possible to use a ... Iron-rich particles and globoids in embryos of seeds from phyla Coniferophyta, Cycadophyta, Gnetophyta, and Ginkgophyta: ...
more infohttp://www.thefullwiki.org/Conifer

Plant KingdomPlant Kingdom

Conifers and allies (Coniferophyta and allies). Conifers and allies (Coniferophyta and allies) Conifers reproduce from seeds, ...
more infohttps://www.infoplease.com/math-science/biology/plants-animals/plant-kingdom

Inventario florístico y faunístico del Parque Nacional Barranca del Cupatitzio, MichoacánInventario florístico y faunístico del Parque Nacional Barranca del Cupatitzio, Michoacán

Reino: Plantae, Animalia Filo: Pteridophyta, Coniferophyta, Arthropoda, Craniata, Magnoliophyta Clase: Amphibia, Polypodiopsida ...
more infohttps://www.gbif.org/dataset/985eec8a-e9e3-4117-8231-fdebe0634a90

Monitoreo de la población de la guacamaya verde en la Reserva de la Biosfera Tehuacán-CuicatlánMonitoreo de la población de la guacamaya verde en la Reserva de la Biosfera Tehuacán-Cuicatlán

Reino: Plantae, Animalia Filo: Magnoliophyta, Craniata, Pteridophyta, Coniferophyta Clase: Pinopsida, Polypodiopsida, Aves, ...
more infohttps://www.gbif.org/dataset/db6e18ea-16cb-4047-a261-1488c8ea3317

PAP Bio Project - Education Photo BookPAP Bio Project - Education Photo Book

14: P. Coniferophyta (Pine Trees) , Pine Trees are usually found everywhere, they are an invasive species. They live in ...
more infohttps://www.mixbook.com/photo-books/education/pap-bio-project-7555162?vk=MLE36DVQlX

National species info - NobanisNational species info - Nobanis

Gymnosperms - Coniferophyta/Pinophyta. Ferns. Pteridophyta (Ferns and allies). Fish. An aquatic charismatic group, Phylum ...
more infohttps://www.nobanis.org/national-species-info/?taxaid=5835&countryID=EE