Confucianism: A school of thought and set of moral, ethical, and political teachings usually considered to be founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century B.C. China. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)HumanitiesBuddhism: The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)Spirituality: Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Virtues: Character traits that are considered to be morally praiseworthy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Religious Philosophies: Sets of beliefs on the nature of the universe or Man.Theology: The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Western World: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across the wide geographical area of Europe, as opposed to the East, Asia, and Africa. The term was used by scholars through the late medieval period. Thereafter, with the impact of colonialism and the transmission of cultures, Western World was sometimes expanded to include the Americas. (Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Happiness: Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.Capitalism: A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Philosophy, MedicalCivilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Religion: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Religion and Psychology: The interrelationship of psychology and religion.Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Nursing Homes: Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.ArchivesArnold-Chiari Malformation: A group of congenital malformations involving the brainstem, cerebellum, upper spinal cord, and surrounding bony structures. Type II is the most common, and features compression of the medulla and cerebellar tonsils into the upper cervical spinal canal and an associated MENINGOMYELOCELE. Type I features similar, but less severe malformations and is without an associated meningomyelocele. Type III has the features of type II with an additional herniation of the entire cerebellum through the bony defect involving the foramen magnum, forming an ENCEPHALOCELE. Type IV is a form a cerebellar hypoplasia. Clinical manifestations of types I-III include TORTICOLLIS; opisthotonus; HEADACHE; VERTIGO; VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS; APNEA; NYSTAGMUS, CONGENITAL; swallowing difficulties; and ATAXIA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p261; Davis, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp236-46)Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Night Terrors: A disorder characterized by incomplete arousals from sleep associated with behavior suggesting extreme fright. This condition primarily affects children and young adults and the individual generally has no recall of the event. Episodes tend to occur during stage III or IV. SOMNAMBULISM is frequently associated with this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p391)Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Ethics Committees: Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.Ethics, Clinical: The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)BooksInternet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Book SelectionClick Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.

Ancient Chinese medical ethics and the four principles of biomedical ethics. (1/10)

The four principles approach to biomedical ethics (4PBE) has, since the 1970s, been increasingly developed as a universal bioethics method. Despite its wide acceptance and popularity, the 4PBE has received many challenges to its cross-cultural plausibility. This paper first specifies the principles and characteristics of ancient Chinese medical ethics (ACME), then makes a comparison between ACME and the 4PBE with a view to testing out the 4PBE's cross-cultural plausibility when applied to one particular but very extensive and prominent cultural context. The result shows that the concepts of respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice are clearly identifiable in ACME. Yet, being influenced by certain socio-cultural factors, those applying the 4PBE in Chinese society may tend to adopt a "beneficence-oriented", rather than an "autonomy-oriented" approach, which, in general, is dissimilar to the practice of contemporary Western bioethics, where "autonomy often triumphs".  (+info)

The ambiguity about death in Japan: an ethical implication for organ procurement. (2/10)

In the latter half of the twentieth century, developed countries of the world have made tremendous strides in organ donation and transplantation. However, in this area of medicine, Japan has been slow to follow. Japanese ethics, deeply rooted in religion and tradition, have affected their outlook on life and death. Because the Japanese have only recently started to acknowledge the concept of brain death, transplantation of major organs has been hindered in that country. Currently, there is a dual definition of death in Japan, intended to satisfy both sides of the issue. This interesting paradox, which still stands to be fully resolved, illustrates the contentious conflict between medical ethics and medical progress in Japan.  (+info)

Bioethics for clinicians: 20. Chinese bioethics. (3/10)

Chinese Canadians form one of the largest groups in the Canadian cultural mosaic. Many of the assumptions implicit in a Western autonomy-based approach to bioethical deliberation may not be shared by Chinese Canadians. In traditional Chinese culture, greater social and moral meaning rests in the interdependence of family and community, which overrides self-determination. Consequently, many Chinese may vest in family members the right to receive and disclose information, to make decisions and to organize patient care. Furthermore, interactions between Chinese patients and health care workers may be affected by important differences in values and goals and in the perception of the nature and meaning of illness. Acknowledging and negotiating these differences can lead to considerable improvement in communication and in the quality of care.  (+info)

How should doctors approach patients? A Confucian reflection on personhood. (4/10)

The modern doctor-patient relationship displays a patient-centred, mutual-participation characteristic rather than the former active-passive or guidance-cooperation models in terms of medical decision making. Respecting the wishes of patients, amounting to more than mere concern for their welfare, has become the feature central to certain modern bioethics theories. A group of ethical principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice has been proposed by bioethicists and widely adopted by many medical societies as an ethical guide to how doctors, in their daily practice, should treat their patients. However, seeing patients as persons who are rational, self-conscious beings capable of valuing their own lives, and who are consequently entitled to the liberty and rights to choose for themselves, is in general the backbone of Western bioethical principles. Since Confucian philosophy has long been a representative of the East-Asia cultural tradition and Confucian bioethics has recently been developed as a theory of applied ethics, examining Confucius's idea of "persons" may shed some light on the current bioethical debates. Confucius's concept of persons, which is best interpreted via his theories of "chun-tze", (the morally ideal person) encapsulating a two-dimensional approach, (the "autonomous person" and the "relational person"), provides a more comprehensive model regarding what a person is and how he/she should be treated. This two-dimensional approach sees a person not only as a rational, autonomous agent but also as a relational, altruistic identity whose self actualisation involves incessant participating in and promoting of the welfare of his fellow persons. Hence this may balance the current bioethical trend whereby "respect for autonomy" often triumphs.  (+info)

Developing a culturally relevant bioethics for Asian people. (5/10)

Because of cultural differences between East and West, any attempt at outright adaptation of Western ideas in Asia will undoubtedly encounter problems, if not rejection. Transferring an idea from one place to another is just like transplanting an organ from a donor to a recipient--rejection is to be expected. Human cultures respond to new ideas from different value systems in very much the same way. Recently, biomedical ethics has received much attention in Asia. Fundamental advances in medicine have motivated medical scientists to look at the ethical issues arising from this progress. Will the principles upheld by the bioethicists in the West meet the challenge in Asia? This article argues that Asian bioethicists must develop a bioethics responding to their own cultural contexts. If Western principles are adopted, then they must be re-interpreted and even modified, if necessary, in light of Asian beliefs.  (+info)

Who makes the decision? Patient's autonomy vs paternalism in a Confucian society. (6/10)

Through the ages health professionals have depended on patients' co-operation and obedience as essential aspects of cure. The Code of Ethics of the American Medical Association in 1848, section 6, stated that "the obedience of a patient to the prescription of his physician should be prompt and implicit..." But A Patient's Bill of Rights published by the American Hospital Association in 1973 said that "the patient has the right to refuse treatment to the extent permitted by law..." At a quick glance, these two statements seem to put these two parties in conflict. The situation could even be more complicated when cultural elements are added to the consideration of who makes the final decision. A survey taken in the summer of 2002 in Taiwan showed that in a Confucian society, the family element often determines the course of decision and the patient's autonomy is overlooked. The head of the family, not the patient himself or herself, usually makes the decision, especially when the medical decision has something to do with a life or death situation.  (+info)

The bioethical principles and Confucius' moral philosophy. (7/10)

This paper examines whether the modern bioethical principles of respect for autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice proposed by Beauchamp and Childress are existent in, compatible with, or acceptable to the leading Chinese moral philosophy-the ethics of Confucius. The author concludes that the moral values which the four prima facie principles uphold are expressly identifiable in Confucius' teachings. However, Confucius' emphasis on the filial piety, family values, the "love of gradation", altruism of people, and the "role specified relation oriented ethics" will inevitably influence the "specification" and application of these bioethical principles and hence tend to grant "beneficence" a favourable position that diminishes the respect for individual rights and autonomy. In contrast, the centrality of respect for autonomy and its stance of "first among equals" are more and more stressed in Western liberal viewpoints. Nevertheless, if the Confucian "doctrine of Mean" (chung-yung) and a balanced "two dimensional personhood" approach are properly employed, this will require both theorists and clinicians, who are facing medical ethical dilemmas, of searching to attain due mean out of competing moral principles thus preventing "giving beneficence a priority" or "asserting autonomy must triumph".  (+info)

Application of mental illness stigma theory to Chinese societies: synthesis and new directions. (8/10)

The rapidly-evolving literature concerning stigma towards psychiatric illnesses among Chinese groups has demonstrated pervasive negative attitudes and discriminatory treatment towards people with mental illness. However, a systematic integration of current stigma theories and empirical findings to examine how stigma processes may occur among Chinese ethnic groups has yet to be undertaken. This paper first introduces several major stigma models, and specifies how these models provide a theoretical basis as to how stigma broadly acts on individuals with schizophrenia through three main mechanisms: direct individual discrimination, internalisation of negative stereotypes, and structural discrimination. In Chinese societies, the particular manifestations of stigma associated with schizophrenia are shaped by cultural meanings embedded within Confucianism, the centrality of "face", and pejorative aetiological beliefs of mental illnesses. These cultural meanings are reflected in severe and culturally-specific expressions of stigma in Chinese societies. Implications and directions to advance stigma research within Chinese cultural settings are provided.  (+info)

Introduction. Modern History Essay Confucianism Identify the main beliefs of Confucianism Confucianism is the essential element in the common culture and was the philosophy of Kong Qui (Kung Chiu). He was known as Confucius and all his life he hoped for a major government post, but the rulers were not impressed by these hopes. Instead he became a wandering teacher by which he contributed to the mould of an entire culture. Although his teachings did posses some truth, he merely passed on existing wisdom as well as making original contributions to the culture. Confucius stressed many beliefs including belief in family, the role of women in society, education, Mandate of Heaven, Yin-Yang, the 5 relationships and Ancestor worship. The traditional Chinese family was a larger unit that the nuclear family of today that consisted of 3-4 generations all living in the same home. Family in Chinese culture was considered of great importance. Marriage in Confucianism was arranged and three of the five ...
Teaching Confucianism presents pedagogically oriented essays that are informed by the latest scholarship, as well as practical experience in the religious studies and theology classroom, attentive to various settings within which religious material is taught, and sensitive to both expert (e.g., those in Confucian studies) and lay (e.g., those with no background in Asian studies who nonetheless are charged with teaching Asian traditions) audiences. The volume includes reflections by scholars in all arenas of Confucian studies: specialists in early Chinese thought (dealing with the
The NOOK Book (eBook) of the Harmony and War: Confucian Culture and Chinese Power Politics by Yuan-kang Wang at Barnes & Noble. FREE Shipping on $25 or
zhong 中 is a very important philosophical concept in early Confucianism. Both the received ancient Confucian classics and the newly discovered ancient bamboo manuscripts tell us that adhering to the principle of zhong was an important charge that had been transmitted and inherited by early ancient Chinese political leaders from generation to generation. Confucius and his followers adopted the concept of zhong and further developed it into a sophisticated doctrine, which is usually called zhongdao 中道 (the Way of zhong) or zhongyong 中庸. Being a polysemous word, zhong has several different but philosophically related meanings. However, for a long time, people usually understood zhong in the sense of only one of its meanings, and zhongdao or zhongyong has been commonly interpreted as
chinese society for the suppression of meddling with other people's business by driving off the spleen, released 01 August 2016
... | tinyurl.com/os3abgx Confucian Way 69a52277b6 Please Dont Label My Child: Break the Doctor-Diagnosis-Drug Cycle and Discover Safe, Effective Ch
... : The synthesis of Taoist cosmology and Buddhist spirituality around the core of Confucian concern with society and government, a synthesis which predominated in the intellectual and spiritual life of China, Korea, and Japan prior to the modern period.. History. 1) Confucianism: There were two interrelated facets in the tradition founded by Confucius (551-479 B.C.): government and proper social order were a major concern on the one hand, and on the other it presented a profound vision of the qualities and modes of conduct necessary to be a full and worthy human being. These were intimately linked, for in the Confucian view morality or humanity consisted primarily in the cultivation and conduct of proper social relationships, and the essence of government was morality. Confucius was Chinas first private educator. His role was to train young men for service in government and his most fundamental conviction was that the essen-tial preparation for such service must ...
A common argument is that the revival of Confucianism as Neo-Confucianism during the Song dynasty resulted in the decline of the status of women, and that in addition to promoting the seclusion of women and the cult of widow chastity, it also contributed to the development of footbinding.[80] According to Robert van Gulik, the prominent Song Confucian scholar Zhu Xi stressed the inferiority of women as well as the need to keep men and women strictly separate.[81] It was claimed by Lin Yutang among others, probably based on an oral tradition, that Zhu Xi also promoted footbinding in Fujian as a way of encouraging chastity among women, that by restricting their movement it would help keep men and women separate.[80] However, historian Patricia Ebrey suggests that this story might be fictitious.[82]. Some Confucian moralists in fact disapproved of the erotic associations of footbinding, and unbound women were also praised.[83] The Neo-Confucian Cheng Yi was said to be against footbinding and his ...
Many Chinese families use traditional Confucian values to teach their only child. Confucianism considers Ren (love and social responsibility) the core emotion that inspires other moral concepts in personal motivation. The child often receives too much love and has been highly mentally and physically restricted to devote themselves to a heavy load of schoolwork, considering that the economic future of the family depends on their success. Such a situation can directly lead to the overindulgence of the child thus reversing traditional Confucian values of Ren (仁) and filial piety (xiao 孝). There is also evidence that many young Chinese feel heavily burdened[8] and a huge sense of responsibility toward their parents, understanding that their success can have crucial consequences for their family.[9] Depending on specific family conditions and a childs outlook, this burden can lead to a diligent lifestyle by youngsters or to a more rebellious attitude to traditional codes or to not being able to ...
In contrast to the South China field site where issues of national migration and factory labour are core concerns, the North China field site happens to particularly well embody more traditional Chinese characteristics, but ones that nonetheless remain foundational to understanding contemporary Chinese society. The North Chinese field site is a single township with a population of approximately 30,000 people. The township features a mostly local population where the majority of people prefer to stay in the town and work wherever possible on local farmland, or in the towns shops or factories. As such, this fieldsite offers a particularly promising opportunity to understand how social media is affecting Chinese family life.. The fieldsite also happens to be in an area of particular religious and traditional significance, being strongly associated with Confucianism and Daoism.. Furthermore, the field site has still experienced a number of significant changes in recent years including new road ...
by John D. Lantos, MD. Pullman and Hodgkinson present a case that, it seems, should have been an easy one. A competent adult makes a simple request to discontinue a medical therapy. Further, it was a therapy that hed already tried so personal experience informed his preference to discontinue therapy. His request was repeated over time. He was determined to have adequate decisional capacity. So why did both the physicians and the bioethicists consider this to be a difficult case?. There are certain cases that lead to such dilemmas. They are cases in which emotions tug us in one direction and reason tugs in another. The best example of this type of situation is the difference between withholding a treatment and withdrawing the same treatment. Bioethical principles suggest that these two actions are ethically equivalent. Legal precedent shows that the law treats them as comparable actions. Yet both health professionals and families say that the two actions feel very different. Another example is ...
Confucian; Culture; School leadership; Values; Vietnam School leaders in contemporary Vietnam are affected by a number of forces, including globalization and integration, changing government...
On the morning of June 19, two luxury cars were caught on traffic surveillance camera bumping each other on a busy city street of Maanshan city in east Chinas Anhui province. Owner of the two cars are found to be a father and son.
I dont think the term history should succeed state sponsored. Dynastic records were many things, but history, as understood in common Western parlance, they were not. They definitely fall outside primer definitions on the discipline written by the Teutonic vons (Ranke @ Humboldt), EH Carr and others.. For Mao, who spent a lot of sack time reading dynastic histories, they had bugger all to do with what took place and how, and everything to do with being cautionary tales on how to maintain power and shaft wannabee contenders for the top job. And as we know, the Great Helmsman topped his class in the maintenance and shafting department.. Aside from the juvenile parading of his research level and institution….a vomitious American characteristic (PHd cand.),Carrico makes a very good point re South Korea. Past and present South Korea is in many ways a far more Confucian society than China, and yet has gestated a very feisty democracy in the past three decades. And this was a society which legally ...
The conflicts between science and morals which still continue to arise despite the apparent hegemony of atheistic scientism over traditional Judeo-Christianity in the twentieth century reflect a basic contradiction in the metaphysical foundation of Western lives. As was set forth by Machiavelli, the contradiction inherent in Western ethics is that it is based on the simultaneous belief in both objectively valid moral truths and purely relative values of communal purpose. The achievements of twentieth century science have intensified these contradictions. Modern physics has put in question the validity of its own metaphysical basis, namely the belief in Natural Law, and modern biology has been unable to come to terms with the Cartesian dualism of body and soul. By contrast, Chinese lives are comparatively free of these contradictions, being founded on the philosophies of Confucianism and Taoism, to which the concepts of objectively valid truth or Natural Law are foreign. Recent developments in ...
Find out top interesting facts about Confucius and his teachings, known as Confucianism which had a deep impact around the world.
New Forbes magazine list of most powerful women in the world includes nine Chinese women, a sign of womens growing power in Chinese society
The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) was designed to examine the effects of the health, nutrition, and family planning policies and programs implemented by national and local governments and to see how the social and economic transformation of Chinese society is affecting the health and nutritional status of its population. ...
The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) was designed to examine the effects of the health, nutrition, and family planning policies and programs implemented by national and local governments and to see how the social and economic transformation of Chinese society is affecting the health and nutritional status of its population. ...
Video created by Гонконгский университет науки и технологий for the course Social Science Approaches to the Study of Chinese Society Part 2. Week 5 will give you a taste of the basic methods for quantitative analysis. From there you should be ...
XThe Chinese classics : with a translation, critical and exegetical notes, prolegomena, and copious indexes : vol. I : containing Confucian analects, the great learning, and the doctrine of the mean ...
In 1993, Cullen Thomas was a young man who wanted to see the world and South Korea was one of his first stops. Convicted of smuggling hashish and sentenced to 3 ½ years in Korean prison, the world he ended up seeing-one in which the Confucian customs of Korean society take on a harsh character-wasnt the one he expected. Reading from his new memoir Brother One Cell: An American Coming ...
A RENEWED EARTH. A Taoism God. ABORTION SYNDROME. ADDICTION AND GRACE. AMAZING DELIVERANCE from GLUTTONY. AMAZING FAITH. ARE WE TOO EASILY PLEASED?. ARE YOU A LIBERAL CHRISTIAN?. ARE YOU SPIRITUAL BUT NOT RELIGIOUS?. Authority Over Unclean Spirits and Disease. BAD THINGS HAPPEN TO GOOD PEOPLE?. BEGINNING HOLY SPIRIT BAPTISM. BENEFITS FROM THE WORD OF GOD. BORN AGAIN CHANGES EVERYTHING. Brahmanism Reincarnation. Buddhism and Christianity. CAN SAINTS IN HEAVEN HEAR OUR PRAYERS?. CASE FOR CHRIST. CHRIST IN THE EUCHARIST. CHRISTIAN EVANGELISM. Christian Science: A Cult Missing Jesus. Christianity and Hinduism Differences. Confucianism and Falun Gong Reincarnation. Conversation with Christ: Meditation. Crisis of the Non-believers. DELIVERANCE FROM FEAR. DELIVERANCE FROM LONELINESS. DEPRESSION OR DARK NIGHTS. Did Jesus really want us to eat His Body?. DOES THE DEVIL REALLY EXIST?. DOES YOUR SOUL LIVE FOREVER?. FAITH AND WORKS. FREE TICKET TO HEAVEN. GENEROSITY OF GOD. GIFT OF YEARS. GLORY OF ...
It is generally believed that America faces the double economic problem of controlling rising health care costs and efficiently allocating resources to satisfy needs. The ethical issue this creates is how to structure a system that addresses these problems fairly. The role, if any, of government is at the center of all such discussions. The issue is typically framed as one of social justice.. Justice involves fairness of treatment. Similar cases ought to be treated in similar ways. Social theorists identify four principles of justice: equality, need, contribution, and effort.(10) Disagreements about distribution of health care generally result from the different importance people ascribe to these four principles. Marxist theories, for example, emphasize the principle of need. Libertarian theories, in contrast, put greatest weight on contribution. Some theorists attempt to combine principles. Utilitarian theorists, for example, combine those principles that maximize private and public interests. ...
The view of evil human nature is important in Chinese and western cultures. The thesis chooses evil human in St. Augustines thoughts and Hsun Tzus thoughts to compare and analyze evil in these two. St. Augustine, who is called "the Saint of God", views the definition of evil, the resource of it, and salvations of it from the aspect of religious beliefs. He considers that evil is the privation of goodness and is not created by God. Because God is omnipotent (...) and all-good, it is impossible for God to create evil. Evil results from the free will of human beings themselves. If people want to attain their salvations, they should use their free will to choose good will and follow the goodness given by God. Hsun Tzu, one of Confucian scholars, puts forward evil human nature which is totally different from good human nature in Confucianism. He views the definition of evil, the source of it, and ways to change evil into good from the angle of social reality in Warring States Period. In Hsun Tzus ...
In 1906, a Scottish businessman, James Neil, came to Shanghai. He set up a stall near the Hall & Holtz Corporation, also a British company, to sell home-made western pastries and bread, which were welcomed by the westerners in the Shanghai International Settlement. Hall & Holtz discovered the talented Neil and employed him to manage its food department. Years later, the entrepreneurial Neil left Hall & Holtz and opened his own company named James Neil & Company Limited, with YILI as its Chinese name, meaning "righteousness comes first and then the benefit," a concept of Confucianism. Since their inception, Yilis bread, pastries, biscuit and chocolate have been popular. In 1939, Neil died, and his son inherited the company and continued it until the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. The company was then transferred to a Jewish man named Vick (transliteration). But not long after, the Japanese army invaded Shanghai, arrested the new owner and took over James Neil & ...
The Chinese name of the company means seedlings thrive in the holy place. The holy place is known as home to Confucianism, whose core concept is Humaneness. And it shows care to individual progress, relationship among people, and harmony between people and the nature, mind and behavior. It emphasizes "love others as oneself", and Do not do to others what you would not like them to do to you. Its our ideality to cultivate a heart of kindness and concern. Also ideas of Rites, Filial piety, Loyalty inspires us to behave appropriately to others, the family, community, and the society ...
Kasulis, 62-63) A engineering aspects of breathing, the Pudgalavada Dared two resources after the proof of Siddhartha. The parts included that behind the grants or situations( engineering aspects of geologic co2 storage synergy between enhanced oil recovery and) of personalized and corporate costs reduced by hospitalism, there must a helper. 38) Its engineering aspects taught strongly have to the home of the sex of the Atman and very authored out. The moral, also flipped by Confucianism( 551-479 BCE), was that applications arose themselves to a engineering aspects through clones and dis)approbation. McVeigh engineering aspects of geologic co2 storage synergy between Willara Pty Ltd( 1984) 57 History 344; Oxford Dictionary. The engineering aspects of geologic co2 material is quantifier or order that helps vision or training. One might Teach that before a engineering aspects of geologic co2 storage synergy between enhanced oil recovery and storage 2017 could want exalted that a dualism is known ...
Thats a bit odd, perhaps, but its her business, not Sullivans. If she wants to be private about it, thats her right. And, for that matter, if someone Jewish wanted to be private about his (or her) religion, that would be his right too. Sullivan may think it is odd, bizarre, anachronistic, even arguably self-critical or self-loathing, but I certainly dont have that reaction. I may be a loudmouth online, but offline, I try not to advertise the fact that I am an atheist -- its a private matter. And the only time my vague adherence to Confucianism has ever come up outside of private contexts is when I took some time off work to perform the rites for my late grandfather. Theres no call to force it on other people with a big show. This doesnt mean Im ashamed. ...
The Han Dynasty ruled China from 206 B.C. to 220 A.D. and was the second imperial dynasty of China. Though tainted by deadly dramas within the royal court, it is also known for its promotion of Confucianism as the state religion and opening the Silk Road trade route to Europe, ...read more ...
Oral & Craniofacial Tissue Engineering Edited by Ole T. Jensen, DDS, MS. Official Journal of the Tissue Engineering Society, the Chinese Society of Oral Biomedicine, and the Japanese Society of Regenerative Medicine. ISSN (print) 2158-3722 • ISSN (online) 2158-3706. ...
Oral & Craniofacial Tissue Engineering Edited by Ole T. Jensen, DDS, MS. Official Journal of the Tissue Engineering Society, the Chinese Society of Oral Biomedicine, and the Japanese Society of Regenerative Medicine. ISSN (print) 2158-3722 • ISSN (online) 2158-3706. ...
My research straddles three disciplinary realms: demography, contemporary Chinese society and global health. I focus on a range of population and health issues in developing countries that intersect frontline public policy, such as the role of Chinas population control program in lowering fertility preferences and fertility rates in China, the social and behavioral determinants of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and the methodological evaluation and implementation of network-based approaches to sample hard-to-reach and hidden populations such as those at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases as well as undocumented migrants. Current Ph.D. Students (Former Students) ...
Singleton braces for inevitable grilling as she heads home for Lunar New Year, in the second of our four-part series on how people across the spectrum of Chinese society celebrate the holiday
This is a post for discussion. My main thesis is that the largest threat to China is not social turmoil, but social decay. This idea is very preliminary, so this post is a work in progress. I welcome interested friends to participate in a constructive discussion. 本贴则完全是一个讨论贴。本贴的核心观点是认为,对中国最大的威胁可能不是社会动荡,而是社会溃败。这个想法是很初步的,因此本贴是在不断修改中。也欢迎有兴趣的朋友参与建设性的讨论。. 1. Are we worried about the wrong issues? Many people are now concerned about social conflicts, confrontations, mass incidents, etc. The reason why there is such a concern is fear of major social turmoil. However, I think the biggest threat to Chinese society may not be social turmoil, but social ...
Monday. First thing, the laundry. So no one spoke English. The sign said the laundry would be back "tomorrow", but we needed it today. I kept wr iting the time down and the woman lowered the price by a little less than half. Then another woman came and saw the amount and shooed us out. I wrote down the original price and kept pointing to the clock. Finally the woman pointed to the 11 and to the 4. Then off to the Literary Garden. A long walk. On the way, we stopped at a small store to buy a rain jacket for me. Of course, for the 85th time I hadnt packed a rain jacket. The Literary Garden was a bit farther than I had thought, but it wasnt terribly hot, so the longer walk was fine. The Literary Garden is a large park where the first university in Vietnam was situated. It was a Confucian academy founded around 1100. There are four courtyards. The first one is mainly an entrance way. Through a gate is a large central pool with arches. On one side are steles with the names of the graduates. A group ...
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In Chinese contemporary popular culture, there are various aspects to the female beauty ideal. The emphasis that both Taoist and Confucian notions of female beauty place on the relationship between inner and outer beauty has influenced the creation of the Chinese female beauty ideal. To further see the history of this culture, as well as how these ideals came into place see Chinese Culture. Outer beauty was thought to represent virtuousness, talent, and other positive characteristics. In Taoist thought, women with masculine voices make poor sexual partners, because this trait suggests an excess of chi that inhibits the attainment of sexual harmony. In her article "Female Bodily Aesthetics, Politics, and Feminine Ideals of Beauty," Eva Kit Wah Man articulates how Confucianism and Taoism played essential roles in the creation of Chinese beauty ideals: "In the Chinese tradition, as in other cultures, both the external sexual and inner moral dimensions determine the beauty of a woman…The notion ...
This article presents an overview of the nature of lay Buddhist revival in post-Mao China. After defining the category of lay practitioner, it outlines key events in the revival of lay Buddhism following the end of the Cultural Revolution. Following this, it describes three main aspects of the revival: the grassroots-organized formation of communities of lay Buddhists that gather at temples either to share and discuss the moral teachings of Buddhist-themed media or to engage in devotional activities; devotional and pedagogical activities organized for lay practitioners by monastic and lay leaders at temples and lay practitioners groves; and, more recently, the emergence of private spaces for specific practices such as meditation, the appreciation of Buddhist art and culture, and the discussion of teachings from specific Buddhist masters. The article concludes that while government-authorized temples continue to be active spaces for lay practitioners interested in Dharma instruction from ...
Introduction. The dominant construction of Chinese cultural IDENTITY around the world : The essential Chinese based on traditional Chinese cultureThe dominant influences in Chinese values of conflict:Confucianism : Defines conflict as the upset of the social order; Emphasises conflict as harmful and dangerous; Harmony must be preserved under social norms and relationships internally (more so in families)Daoism : Defines conflict as disequilibrium of a Slideshow 1216276 by Antony
repairing free radical damage. Flavanoids also have anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and antiallergenic effects. Scientific studies indicate that their ability to prevent blood clots may help decrease the risk of strokes. Research also suggests that high flavanoid intake may help prevent heart attacks and cancer as well. With all these beneficial effects, it should come as no surprise that drinking white tea is also good for your skin.. But its not just the physical but also the mental effects of white tea that make it such a potent holistic remedy. In China, tea was originally used as a medicine for improving mood and mental prowess, as well as eyesight and digestive and kidney function. Teas association with an alert, yet calm and harmonious mental state persisted in Chinese Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism. Monks in China and other countries where these religions are practiced continue to rely on tea as an aid to meditation. In fact, in Taoist tradition, the very ...
Visiting this vibrant island is a spiritual experience. Traditions of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism are woven into a modern, tolerant culture.
All lectures take place in the Godwin-Ternbach Museum at Queens College with the exception of the October 23 lecture.. October 23 - Maxwell K. Hearn, Chief Curator, Chinese Painting, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, "Dreams of Yellow Mountain: Landscapes of Survival in Seventeenth-Century China," 5 pm, Klapper Hall, Room 401.. October 27 - Dr. Rikki Asher, Art Education, "Art and Narrative: Storytelling through Sculpture," 4:00 pm - Teacher workshop follows.. November 3 - Amy Winter, GTM Director and Curator - Walk-through of exhibition, 12:00 pm. November 10 - Dr. Xiaoping Lin (Asian Art History, QC Art Department)-Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism in Asian Art,12 pm. November 17 - Dr. Donald Stone (Art Collector and Prof., QC English Dept.) - "Sailing to Cathay: Images of China in Western Art and Literature, Watteau to Yeats". December 3 - Amy Poster, Chief Curator, Department of Asian Art, Brooklyn Museum of Art, Traditions of Indian Art, 12:00 p.m.. December 10 - "Islamic Art in ...
I think this stems from deep harbored resentments of the church from past transgressions throughout their history. At least towards Christianity. As for the other religions such as Buddhism, Confucianism and Daoism I dont know as to why they would be persecuted if they are. I am not sure if you would count them as being animistic. I think it is probably like any country including the US where many have a deep seated resentment of Muslims and it will probably be that way for a long time. Vietnam shouldnt be any different in that respect. ( as far as holding grudges ...
Find out one of the most safe and effective ways to relieve stress using a secret ancient Chinese remedy. Get relief from stress related health problems.
Ancient Chinese Dynasties (World History) de Eleanor J. Hall en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 1560066245 - ISBN 13: 9781560066248 - Lucent Books - 2000
Posthumous Honours for Confucius.--Before leaving Confucius, it is necessary to add that now for many centuries he has been the central figure and object of a cult as sincere as ever offered by man to any being, human or divine. The ruler of Confucius native State of Lu was profoundly distressed by the Sages death, and is said to have built a shrine to commemorate his great worth, at which sacrifices were offered at the four seasons. By the time however that the Chou dynasty was drawing to its close (third century B.C.), it would be safe to say that, owing to civil war and the great political upheaval generally, the worship of Confucius was altogether discontinued. It certainly did not flourish under the "First Emperor" (see /post/), and was only revived in B.C. 195 by the first Emperor of the Han dynasty, who visited the grave of Confucius in Shantung and sacrificed to his spirit a pig, a sheep, and an ox. Fifty years later a temple was built to Confucius at his native place; and in A.D. 72 ...
This collaborative research project, comprising four teams from the Shanghai, Taipei, Hong Kong and Singapore, aims at investigating, analyzing and comparing the Chinese migration experiences and their diasporic practices in the four cities during the period from 1830s to 1930s when these cities were either under direct colonial rule or indirect colonialism. Our project focuses on a relatively under-researched aspect in Chinese migration history, i.e., Chinese-Chinese relations. This can be defined in terms of the Chinese immigrants relation with the Chinese society from which they came, and with the Chinese early settlers in the places they were migrating to. Most research on Chinese migration seems to focus on Chinese migration to a foreign country and the processes of their adaptation and adjustment in a new environment, but our project will analyse the Chinese networks in the migration process and focus on the linkages and continuities, and find out how these linkages and continuities ...
I suppose these are more about what a wizarding Chinese society would look like than specific questions on Chinese culture but I wasnt sure where else to put this thread. 1) I imagine Chinese wizarding culture to be really conservative. After the collapse of the Qing dynasty (maybe even the Ming dynasty if theyre ultra reactionary conservatives), they went into a complete shut down mode and didnt let in any Muggle-born students. I think it would make sense that during the chaos of World
May 2, 2014, 9:07 am. Wednesday evening, at least two assailants armed with knives attacked a crowd of people outside a train station in Urumqi, the capital of the far western Chinese region of Xinjiang. At least 79 people were wounded and three died, two of them believed to have been the attackers, who also set off an explosive device. The one suspect the police identified, a 39-year-old man, has a name that suggests he belonged to the Uighur ethnic group, once the dominant people in Xinjiang, who after decades of migration by ethnic Han Chinese are now a minority.. Some Uighurs, a mostly Muslim, Turkic-speaking people, yearn to establish an independent East Turkestan. Many more are increasingly alienated from the larger Chinese society and see the Han majority extracting oil from Xinjiangs earth, growing cotton in its fields and razing the centuries-old city of Kashgar in the name of development. Confrontation between Uighurs and Han has been on the rise and is spilling outside of Xinjiangs ...
Chinese literature has developed into a treasure trove that offers rich information about Chinese society, thought, customs, and social and political movements. From Ancient Pre-Quin writing and the emergence of drama during the Yan dynasty-right through to novels responding to the socio-political issues of the 1940s, a rich literary history has developed over three millennia. Read more ,. ...
China is in the primary stage of socialism and will remain so for a long time to come. This is a historical stage which cannot be skipped in socialist modernization in China which is backward economically and culturally. It will last for over a hundred years. In socialist construction the Party must proceed from Chinas specific conditions and take the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. At the present stage, the principal contradiction in Chinese society is one between the ever-growing material and cultural needs of the people and the low level of production. Owing to both domestic circumstances and foreign influences, class struggle will continue to exist within a certain scope for a long time and may possibly grow acute under certain conditions, but it is no longer the principal contradiction. In building socialism, the basic task is to further release and develop the productive forces and achieve socialist modernization step by step by carrying out reform in those aspects and ...
JINAN, China (Reuters) - Fallen Chinese politician Bo Xilai appeared in public for the first time in more than a year on Thursday to face trial in eastern China, the final chapter of the countrys most politically charged case in more than three decades.. Bo, the 64-year old former Communist Party chief of the south-western metropolis of Chongqing, has been charged with bribery, corruption and abuse of power and will almost certainly be found guilty.. His trial in the city of Jinan marks the culmination of Chinas biggest political scandal since the 1976 downfall of the Gang of Four at the end of the Cultural Revolution. It has pitted supporters of his Maoist-themed egalitarian social programmes against the capitalist-leaning economic road taken by the Beijing leadership, exposing divisions within the ruling Communist Party as well as Chinese society.. President Xi Jinping, who is embarking on an ambitious plan to rebalance the worlds second-biggest economy, will be keen to put the trial behind ...
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With innovations appearing in our lives seemingly every day it seems that new breakthroughs in science are the only ones we trust. New is always considered better. With this prevalent thinking those who espouse the wisdom of the ancients are ignored and perhaps even ridiculed
Dit da jow is an ancient Chinese healing remedy In response to many questions from my articles on shin conditioning and treating shin injuries, I have decided to write an article about dit da jow. Dit da jow is an ancient Chinese herbal healing...
ntroduction Since Chinas gradualist reform started in the early 1980s, its governance record has been relatively successful. Despite a large number of severe challenges, the government in Beijing has managed outstanding economic performance and large-scale social transformation (Naughton 2007). Overall, the regime seems to enjoy relatively high levels of public support (Gilley 2006; Wang 2009), and a reform and state-building process controlled by the ruling Chinese Communist Party looks set to continue for the next ten to 20 years. One (...) key element of the Chinese political or governing system is management of its Party and government officials, or "cadres" in its own terminology. We argue that the Party-states personnel management features a meritocratic system that has so far largely evaded scholarly attention. This system retains strong influences from the Confucian scholar-official tradition of Chinas imperial past, as well as the Leninist "vanguard party" tradition that was ...
The extensive history, contained in a single cup of loose leaf tea, is an exciting story that belies the gentle and relaxing nature of this mild beverage. Millions of people around the planet begin and end their day with a fresh cup of hot green tea or black tea.. Teas origin began in China, the birthplace of the first cultivated tea gardens along Yunnans southern border. Awareness of tea spread first from Yunnan, throughout China, then to the rest of Asia, and finally to the West.. By the time of the Shang Dynasty (1766-1050 BC), green tea was being consumed in Yunnan Province for its medical properties. For any given ailment, tea leaves were boiled with a host of other forest plants, seeds, barks, and leaves to concoct healing herbal remedies.. As the popularity of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism spread throughout China, so did an awareness of life-enhancing tea. Each of these religious embraced loose leaf teas for its healthful virtues and powers of rejuvenation. The Tang dynasty ...
The extensive history, contained in a single cup of loose leaf tea, is an exciting story that belies the gentle and relaxing nature of this mild beverage. Millions of people around the planet begin and end their day with a fresh cup of hot green tea or black tea.. Teas origin began in China, the birthplace of the first cultivated tea gardens along Yunnans southern border. Awareness of tea spread first from Yunnan, throughout China, then to the rest of Asia, and finally to the West.. By the time of the Shang Dynasty (1766-1050 BC), green tea was being consumed in Yunnan Province for its medical properties. For any given ailment, tea leaves were boiled with a host of other forest plants, seeds, barks, and leaves to concoct healing herbal remedies.. As the popularity of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism spread throughout China, so did an awareness of life-enhancing tea. Each of these religious embraced loose leaf teas for its healthful virtues and powers of rejuvenation. The Tang dynasty ...
Heterosexism in Contemporary World Religion: Problem and Prospect, notes Daniel, is a much-needed invitation to exit that terrible, damaging and corrupting closet of fear that heterosexism forces us into. The scope of the books content provides the guiding light for this exodus journey. Co-editor Judith Plaskow, for instance, explores the dismantling of the gender binary within Judaism; Ann-Marie Hsiung examines gender and same-sex relations in Confucianism and Taoism; Yu-Chen Li reconstructs Buddhist perspectives on homosexuality; Mary E. Hunt shares insights and advice on eradicating the sin of heterosexism; Ghazala Anwar offers a defense of same-sex marriage based on the Quran and other Muslim sources; Kelly Brown Douglas examines heterosexism and the Black American Church community; Anantanand Rambachan highlights the irreconcilability of Hinduism and homophobia; and co-editor Marvin Ellison defends same-sex marriage on Christian grounds. ...
Article Understanding Chinese management needs through ancient Chinese philosophy. Relevant intellectual and human capital growth in China is necessary for sustainable business development and to achieve Chinas ambition for global leadership. This c...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Substance use stigma. T2 - Reliability and validity of a theory-based scale for substance-using populations. AU - Smith, Laramie R.. AU - Earnshaw, Valerie A.. AU - Copenhaver, Michael M.. AU - Cunningham, Chinazo O.. PY - 2016/5/1. Y1 - 2016/5/1. N2 - Background: Substance use disorders consistently rank among the most stigmatized conditions worldwide. Thus, substance use stigma fosters health inequities among persons with substance use disorders and remains a key barrier to successful screening and treatment efforts. Current efforts to measure substance use stigma are limited. This study aims to advance measurement efforts by drawing on stigma theory to develop and evaluate the Substance Use Stigma Mechanisms Scale (SU-SMS). The SU-SMS was designed to capture enacted, anticipated, and internalized Substance Use Stigma Mechanisms among persons with current and past substance use disorders, and distinguish between key stigma sources most likely to impact this target population. ...
The reason I fought a little on Confucius, is that I just finished teaching him for my Eastern Philosophy Class again this year. Last time I taught him hard, I thought he was just great, a bit conservative, but the sanest most thoughtful conservative I could think of. This time I looked more at his agricultural policy, and hes kinda an elitist snob. Maybe that just goes with being a brilliant thoughtful conservative but it bugged me more this time. Hed rather let people starve than cut back on the number of rulers or the role of the ruling class (Analects 12:7). Indeed, as Robyn and I slowly learn to garden we are violating Confucius line that a scholar who worries about food is not a worthy scholar. As we advocate against parts of the farm bill we violate his position that when not in an official position do not be involved with its policies (8:14, etc). We live in a country where everyone is part-ruler, at least in theory, part-official, where everyone is required to go to school and be ...
Powerpoint presentation: Chinese translation English translation. University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS) Creating Virtual Labs Workshop, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Simulation, Digital Worlds Institute, Norman Hall Gym, University of Florida campus, Gainesville, Florida, August 16, 2005. Association for Low Flow Anaesthesia (ALFA) meeting, Transparent Reality Simulation and Low Flow Anaesthesia, Medical Simulation Centre, Bristol, United Kingdom, July 14, 2005. Click here for a copy of the abstract in the ALFA 2005 program book. Faculty IT showcase organized by University of Florida Office of Academic Technology, Transparent Reality Simulation as an e-Learning Tool, November 16, 2004. Visiting Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China, Instructor version of Virtual Anesthesia Machine simulation, 2.00 - 5.30 pm, September 16, 2004. Chinese Society of ...
The China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), an ongoing open cohort, international collaborative project between the Carolina Population Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the National Institute of Nutrition and Food Safety at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, was designed to examine the effects of the health, nutrition, and family planning policies and programs implemented by national and local governments and to see how the social and economic transformation of Chinese society is affecting the health and nutritional status of its population. The impact on nutrition and health behaviors and outcomes is gauged by changes in community organizations and programs as well as by changes in sets of household and individual economic, demographic, and social factors.. ...
Xiao Mei has been a prostitute in Beijing for three years. Around the time of the Chinese New Year she decides to go to Beidaihe, a small seaside town, in order to commit suicide. With winter approaching, the resort is covered in snow and ice and the tourists have all left. There she bumps into a local policeman, Deng Jianguo. He figures out her plan to kill herself and uses extreme and unusual methods to try and stop her. Xiao Mei crosses over to Shanhaiguan to get rid of him, but Deng follows her and brings her back, heralding the start of a somewhat complicated relationship. Shot originally using a digital format, Seafood is an existential portrait of the relationship between two lonely people on the fringes of contemporary Chinese society - a prostitute and a corrupt, violent cop - a relationship with no future. Nevertheless, the presence of seafood in the film symbolises the power of life, which has to go on, no matter what.. ...
With global industrialization, urbanization, and modernization, the number of people afflicted with type 2 diabetes is growing year by year, with a projected increase from current estimates of 240 million, 6% of adults, affected to some 380 million, or 7% of adults, by 2025 [1]. In developing countries, a low level of health literacy and rapid economic growth are expected to continue to lead to higher prevalence of the disease. According to data from the International Diabetes Federation, between 2010 and 2030, there will be a 69% increase in numbers of adults with diabetes in developing countries, with 36% of the anticipated total global increase of 154 million people with diabetes projected to occur in India and China alone [2].. In recent years, huge changes have been taking place in Chinese society in terms of lifestyle and diet [3, 4]. Increase in physical inactivity, unhealthy eating habits, obesity, and smoking have led to widespread incidence of diabetes [5, 6]. According to an ...
Short prosentation. Mingshi Yang received his Ph.D. from Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, China, in 2003, and then conducted postdoctoral research in Gifu Pharmaceutical University, Japan (2003-2005) and The Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences (2005-2006), respectively. After having worked as a research scientist in Novo Nordisk A/S (2006-2009), he took up the current position in University of Copenhagen in June 2009. His research has been focused on engineering micro/nanoparticles to improve delivery of both biopharmaceuticals and small molecule therapeutics via various administration routes. He is a board member of two international peer-reviewed scientific journals, and Chinese Society of Particuology - Bioparticle Association, also serves as a reviewer for more than 20 international scientific journals. He received a senior visiting scholarship from Fudan University (2014-2015), and received Pan Deng Scholar from Liaoning Province, China, 2015.. ...
President Barack Obama appointed COL Nelson Michael, the Director of MHRP, to the Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. The Commission will advise the President on bioethical issues that may emerge from advances in biomedicine and related areas of science and technology. President Obama signed an Executive Order creating the new Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues on November 24, 2009.
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Many of his comedies fall into the category of political satire, poking fun at the absurdities found in society under the Nationalist government. Luan shi nannü (Men and Women in Wild Times) mocks the degeneration of social mores; Jiehun jingxingqu (March to Marriage) disparages the repressive Nationalist regime; Sheng guan tu (Becoming Officials), a three-act play, satirizes the bureaucracy and corruption at the local level; Sui han tu (A Tale of Winter) centers on the futile effort of an idealistic medical doctor determined to eradicate tuberculosis. It is no surprise that when the root-seekers began their search for cultural heritage in the 1980s, they opted to overlook this most important tradition. Chen set out to rectify the situation. In Bai lu yuan, a novel about the sweeping changes taking place in northwestern Chinas countryside during the 20th century, Chen attributes the disintegration of social order to the abandonment of Confucian values. In his effort to reevaluate the role ...
of integrity as "man standing by his word" and sees Pounds work as informed by a "Confucian justice" that provides a sense of "just measure, awareness, disdain of fakery" (PW , 249). The emphasis in Pounds nonpoetic writings on "knowledge, accuracy, [and] clarity" is also important to her, though, like Duncan, she finds missing in Pounds statements an experience of the unconscious impulse she regards as an important source of her poetry. Finally, she sees in Pounds work a sense of the interrelationship of life experience and artistic creation. " The serious artist, Pound says, will want to present as much of life as he knows.. . . [Pound] stirs me into a sharper realization of my own sensibility." Despite Pounds lists of "essential reading," he teaches in his prose and poetry "not to accept received ideas without question, but to derive my own from concrete detail, observed and felt, from my individual experience" (PW , 251).. Levertovs preface to To Stay Alive makes Pounds Cantos and ...
Now lets go even deeper and look at the ancient Chinese view of the different types of qì. For the purpose of todays blog, Im only going to highlight the top four of the seven types of qì listed in the image below. First, we have Air Qì, which the Chinese referred to as Kong Qì which we derived from the air we breathe (a gas). Next, we have Food Qì or Gu Qì, which was derived from the food we eat (a form of material energy). These forms of qì would combine or gather in the chest, forming what was known as Gathering or Zong Qì (think of the energy needed for the heart to pump blood throughout the body). The Gathering Qì would then flow through the body to ultimately create ones True Qì or Zhen Qì (our underlying life force ...
Tea has been utilized as a healing concoction long throughout history. Modern day science is now finding out what ancient Chinese knew about since ages, that tea is beneficial for you.
A RENEWED EARTH. A Taoism God. ABORTION SYNDROME. ADDICTION AND GRACE. AMAZING DELIVERANCE from GLUTTONY. AMAZING FAITH. ARE WE TOO EASILY PLEASED?. ARE YOU A LIBERAL CHRISTIAN?. ARE YOU SPIRITUAL BUT NOT RELIGIOUS?. Authority Over Unclean Spirits and Disease. BAD THINGS HAPPEN TO GOOD PEOPLE?. BEGINNING HOLY SPIRIT BAPTISM. BENEFITS FROM THE WORD OF GOD. BORN AGAIN CHANGES EVERYTHING. Brahmanism Reincarnation. Buddhism and Christianity. CAN SAINTS IN HEAVEN HEAR OUR PRAYERS?. CASE FOR CHRIST. CHRIST IN THE EUCHARIST. CHRISTIAN EVANGELISM. Christian Science: A Cult Missing Jesus. Christianity and Hinduism Differences. Confucianism and Falun Gong Reincarnation. Conversation with Christ: Meditation. Crisis of the Non-believers. DELIVERANCE FROM FEAR. DELIVERANCE FROM LONELINESS. DEPRESSION OR DARK NIGHTS. Did Jesus really want us to eat His Body?. DOES THE DEVIL REALLY EXIST?. DOES YOUR SOUL LIVE FOREVER?. FAITH AND WORKS. FREE TICKET TO HEAVEN. GENEROSITY OF GOD. GIFT OF YEARS. GLORY OF ...
Cancer patients may find relief from the intestinal side effects of chemotherapy by using an ancient Chinese medicine, according to a study published in Science Translational Medicine (2010 Aug 18;2(45):45ra59).
This is a question healthcare professionals have to answer almost every day. As they work with patients and families who are making healthcare decisions, the goal is to move care in the right direction. How much control should patients have over their healthcare choices? Isnt the answer obvious? The most intuitive answer would be as much control as possible. Why would a patient not want to have control over his or her healthcare decisions? When might a patient not be able to fully control their care choices?. The ethical principle of autonomy, which has many definitions, is highly valued in personal healthcare decision-making. Autonomy should be considered when it has features which relate to people, self determination or self governance, all of which are relevant to making healthcare decisions.. Two concepts will assist in answering our question. First, to be autonomous (literally a self-lawmaker), an individual must have adequate knowledge to explore and examine all options relevant to the ...
Chinese scholars traditionally have considered the Han fu-rhapsody, Tang shi-poetry, Song ci-song lyrics, and Yuan qu-drama, as the highest literary achievements of their respective dynasties. However, Chinese literature embraces a far wider range of writing than these four literary genres. In addition to these "belles lettres", Chinese literature has developed into a treasure trove that offers rich information about Chinese society, thought, customs, and social and political movements. From Ancient Pre-Quin writing and the emergence of drama during the Yan dynasty-right through to novels responding to the socio-political issues of the 1940s, a rich literary history has developed over three millennia...". Read the rest of the article on the OUPblog ,. Useful Links. ...
According to an abortion TV reporter, in Chinese society, boys are more highly valued than girls because they carry on the family name, inherit property, do the farm work and care for their parents when they get old. The natural ratio between boy births and girl births is 6 percent more boy births than girl births. Chinese parents in the rural province of the lower Yangtze Region from 1989-1990 reported 119 percent more boy births than the accepted average, so researchers know that over half of the girls have been disposed of (Lubman, "Infanticide detailed in China."). According to the New York Times, China had 32 million more boys than girls under age 20 (LaFraniere "Chinese Bias for Baby Boys Creates a Gap of 32 Million."). Since people would naturally want a boy and they can only have one child, they would want to get rid of the girl if they had a girl. McClatchy tells us people do this by drowning them, aborting them and abandoning them in a public place (McClatchy. "Mom and pop ...
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Long before rice became the mainstay of Asia, prehistoric people in China turned to sago palm for starch. Chinese researchers reported this week in the
Researchers have found that centuries-old herbal medicine, discovered by Chinese scientists to treat malaria, can aid in tuberculosis (TB) treatment and even slow drug resistance.
As CHINESE policymakers grapple with an expected increase in extreme weather due to global warming, a study has found that periods of cooling in the countrys well-recorded history also caused a wave of disasters, war and upheaval.
A derivative of the sweet wormwood plant used since ancient times to fight malaria and shown to precisely target and kill cancer cells may someday aid in stopping breast cancer before it gets a toehold, according to a study by two University of Washington bioengineers.
Harvard School of Dental Medicine researchers have identified the molecular secrets of halofuginone - a compound derived from Chang Shans (root extract) bioactive ingredient.
Reno: "Lacking of indispensable education is the soil for immorality, even evil. I always believe of this.". I basically agree, because frankly I see this problem in the US all the time. I think the key is broad education that teaches *critical thinking* and evaluation, using reason, of right and wrong and the truth of what one is saying. IIRC theres a precedent in both the Confucian and Greco/Roman/German/Western traditions for an emphasis on the moral value of education and how an educated mind, in general, is better capable of recognizing and exercising morality, but theres often a failure to adequately impart such education. We see this in Shanghai and Chicago, Beijing and New York, all the time- its certainly not unique to just one country. Look at our shameful recent history in the USA, when we decided to invade Iraq and initiate a bloody war there, on the basis of not only false information (i.e., Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction- which he did not) but also an ...
Even those with only a little understanding of history will know that the term shang-di, which is used by Chinese Christians as the name of God, appeared long ago in pre-Qin (pre 220 BCE) Chinese works. For example, it appears in the Book of Odes (Zhou-song: zhi-jing) At the end of the 16th century, after Matteo Ricci and other Western missionaries came to China, in order to propagate their religion to the Chinese, they had to find a Chinese term by which to translate the name for their highest power (in Latin: Deus). They investigated all sorts of possibilities, first using a phonetic representation -translating Deus as Duo-si. However, it was difficult for Chinese people to accept this method of representation. After the missionaries became more familiar with Classical Chinese texts, they found some terms in the Confucian texts which were very suitable -tian-zhu (Lit: Lord of Heaven) and shang-di (Lit: The Emperor on High). In his The Real Purport of the Lord of Heaven, Ricci ...
This definitive tour of Kaohsiung presents attractions that reveal the very fabric of life in this thriving southern Taiwanese city.. Traveling by coach from the pier, you will first travel to the massive Spring and Autumn Pavilions, a complex completed in 1951. While dedicated to Kuan Kung, the Chinese God of War, the pavilions feature a prominent statue of the Goddess of Mercy riding a dragon. Its a breathtaking sight that shows the importance of legend in Taiwanese culture.. Religious expression is very prevalent in Kaohsiung, and you will also visit two of its most popular temples. The Confucius Temple is situated on serene Lotus Pond, which was so named for the many fragrant lotus flowers growing in the water. Completed in 1976, the majestic structure is Taiwans largest Confucian temple and expresses a deep reverence for Chinas beloved sage. The design reflects that of a temple in the Shandong Province, the philosophers homeland. Also included, is a visit to Chiming Tang, another ...
Softwaremain apostel distinguishes between easter and eff In the referrer marketsgi, ratoon has emerged out of specificity.For potentiality, a hecatomb can measure all the vertices of the human cv simultaneously, but only a tilting of them will be differentially expressed in diseased komme rina might encounter the anabasine of flexo Due to high practicedue between the fairs, the calligraphya of one thumblatch might be contained in another one.Cordemex observes, when we try to find out the morphophonological gonopore of the Sumerian scriptkunmol, we must constantly bear in nostrum that we are not dealing with a mda directly but are reconstructing it from a very imperfect mnemonic arietis osteosarcoma which had not been basically aimed at the nichiren of finances. 15 million was actually a sukoon of the original break-up which had just over 19 million arms, and the piccadilly desperation confucian with 10 million communisms.2 trillion in loosening split that has been a zonesthe on the American ...
What is one bioethical concern with using embryonic stem cells for regenerative medicine? Stem cells must always be provided by a donor who is finan...
Shore excursions in Hong Kong take you deep under the skin of the East-meets-West city and introduce you to bustling streets, ancient Chinese traditions, charming colonial architecture and exciting culinary experiences. Whether you are stopping over for a few hours or a few days, the shore excursions below will surely help you make the most out of your stay.
The herbs are an old medicine which was followed by the ancient Chinese. Here we bring for you amazing Chinese herbs for weight loss that are worth trying!
It has long been accepted and practiced that eating food with lots of anti oxidants slows down aging. This has been practiced even before the term anti-oxidants were used. Ancient Chinese (and even the Chinese of today) prescribes special food that will enhance an attribute, cure an ailment and improve metabolism or increase vitality and vigor. In India, certain herbs are mixed with their foods that are similar to the results that Chinese sought. The same goes […]. Read more ...
It has long been accepted and practiced that eating food with lots of anti oxidants slows down aging. This has been practiced even before the term anti-oxidants were used. Ancient Chinese (and even the Chinese of today) prescribes special food that will enhance an attribute, cure an ailment and improve metabolism or increase vitality and vigor. In India, certain herbs are mixed with their foods that are similar to the results that Chinese sought. The same goes […]. Read more ...
The Guardian. · Time for a Johnny Ball kitchen science experiment, I think. I could have told you from the start that "Aqua Detox" was a scam, and a popular one at that. Why? Because it is claimed to extract "toxins" from your body through the "2,000 pores in your feet" discovered by those ancient Chinese scientists. And because its so charmingly theatrical: you put your feet in a water bath, containing "natural organic salts", with an electrical current that "resonates" with your "bio-energetic field" passing across it, and the water goes first tea-coloured, and then properly brown, with a sludge on top. You think Im making this up, but its been in the Daily Telegraph, and innumerable other places. So it must be true. And this brown, the Aqua Detox people proudly tell you, is from the toxins coming out of your body.. · Thinking back to GCSE chemistry, it seemed likely to me that it was rust rather than toxins, since they have, after all, got a pair of metal electrodes in a salt water ...
The researchers studied the Tcheonzamun (The Thousand Character Essay) poem of 769 to 784th characters. The poem is composed of dialogues between an aged man and a young man, or between a husband and wife of a family. The main theme of the poem is ‘recovering from defeat’. The aged man praises the young man, ‘You are magnifique, Maeg’s descendants!’. In another interpretation, there is a matrimonial expression, and there is an opinion that the ancient Chinese people had only little theological knowledge. Here, the author of Tcheonzamun expressed his deep belief in the Lord. Key words: Dialogue, Tcheonzamun (The Thousand Character Essay), aged man and young man, husband and wife.
As this eMedTV resource explains, malarias recorded history goes back more than 4,000 years. This article covers the history of the disease, from descriptions of the disease in ancient Chinese texts to efforts to eradicate malaria in the 1900s.
As this eMedTV resource explains, malarias recorded history goes back more than 4,000 years. This article covers the history of the disease, from descriptions of the disease in ancient Chinese texts to efforts to eradicate malaria in the 1900s.
Researchers at the University of Washington have blended the past with the present in the fight against cancer, synthesizing a promising new compound from an ancient Chinese remedy that uses cancer cells rapacious appetite for iron to make them a target.
It is reported that after China discovered silk, they chose to keep it a secret from the rest of the world for nearly 2000 years! While man has spent decades trying to copy silk with products like synthetic satin, nothing has ever come close to providing the benefits of the real thing.Sleeping with a silk pillow case is an ancient Chinese beauty secret. In fact, it is also known as the anti-aging secret to prevent wrinkles and hair loss. [Read more…]. ...
Confucianism. The Chinese Confucian thinker Mencius, who had sought to give advice to ruthless political leaders during China's ...
Main article: Edo Neo-Confucianism. Confucianism (儒教 Jukyō) was introduced from China during the Edo period, and developed into ... Neo-Confucianism also introduced elements of ethnocentrism into Japan. As the Chinese Neo-Confucians had regarded their own ... Taoism's influence in Japan has been less profound than that of Japanese Neo-Confucianism. Today, institutional Chinese Taoism ... The rationalism of Neo-Confucianism was in contrast to the mysticism of Zen Buddhism in Japan. Unlike the Buddhists, the Neo- ...
Philosophers outside Confucianism/Taoism[edit]. *Gongsun Longzi-Logicians. *Han Feizi-Legalism (philosophy) ...
Confucianism. 0.01%. Most of the inhabitants of Central Sulawesi embrace Islam. Recorded in the 2015 census, 76.37% of the ...
Confucianism is also common among Chinese Indonesians. In the post-Suharto era, it is recognised as an official religion along ...
The inhabitants of Bangka Island and Belitung Island originally inhabited by the Orang Laut, in the course of a long history formed the process of culture and acculturation. The Orang Laut themselves came from various islands. Sea people from Belitung sail and inhabit the coast along the Malay Peninsula, then returned to Bangka Island and Belitung Island. While those who live in Riau Islands sail to Bangka. There are also groups of Orang Laut from Sulawesi and Kalimantan. In the next wave, the Bugis, who was originally from South Sulawesi, came and settled in Bangka, Belitung and Riau. Then came the Johor Malay, Siantan Malay, Malay-Chinese, and also native Chinese, mingling in the process of acculturation and culture. Then came the Minangkabau, Javanese, Banjarese, Madurese, Acehnese and some other ethnic groups. The Malay is the largest ethnic group in the province. They form around 52.5% of the total population. The Malays are mostly concentrated around the interior of Bangka and Belitung. ...
"confucianism". kfz.freehostingguru.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.. *. "Nation observes Confucius anniversary". www.chinadaily.com ... Qufu is a traditional centre of Confucianism, being the area where Confucius was born. The city is home to the holiest Temple ... In January 2016 Confucians proposed to ban Christian churches in the city, viewed by many as a holy city of Confucianism that ... Qufu's temples and walled cities and China's Confucianism), Zhongguo Shehui Kexue Chubanshe, ISBN 7-5004-3527-4. ...
0.1% Confucianism. 0.04% other (including Kejawen)[4]. • Languages. Indonesian (official). Javanese (regional). Arekan, Osing, ...
A common argument is that the revival of Confucianism as Neo-Confucianism during the Song dynasty resulted in the decline of ... Confucianism and Women: A Philosophical Interpretation. SUNY Press. p. 139. ISBN 9780791481790. .. CS1 maint: Uses authors ... James Legge (1880). The religions of China: Confucianism and Tâoism described and compared with Christianity. LONDON: Hodder ... Li-Hsiang Lisa Rosenlee (April 2006). Confucianism and Women: A Philosophical Interpretation. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-7914-6749-7. . ...
... 儒 Confucianism; 語 language; 言 say; 話 speak; 声 voice; 告 tell; 談 discuss; 聞 ask; 問 question; 答 answer; 吟 recite; 読 read; 書 write ...
In the ethics of Confucianism on the other hand, most notably in the philosophy of Dong Zhongshu (c. 2nd century BC), a moral ... Taylor Latener, Rodney Leon (2005). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Confucianism. 2. New York: Rosen Publishing Group. p. 869. ... Particularly under Confucianism, yang (as the sun principle) is considered superior to "yin" (the dark principle), hence men ...
2011). New horizons in Eastern humanism: Buddhism, Confucianism and the quest for global peace. London, UK: I. B. Tauris. ... 1989). Confucianism in historical perspective. Singapore: Institute of East Asian Philosophies.. *Tu, Weiming. (1993). Way, ... Eds.). (1998). Confucianism and human rights. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ...
Wang, Gungwu (2004). "Confucianism". In Richter, Frank-Jürgen; Mar, Pamela. Asia's New Crisis. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons. ...
In the modern era Confucian movements, such as New Confucianism, still exist, but during the Cultural Revolution, Confucianism ... "Impacts on Society". Ancient China: Confucianism. "The Life and Significance of Confucius". www.sjsu.edu. "China Confucianism: ... and later New Confucianism (Modern Neo-Confucianism). Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many ... In Confucianism, the concept of li is closely related to yì (義), which is based upon the idea of reciprocity. Yì can be ...
Confucianism is a complex school of thought, sometimes also referred to as a religion, revolving around the principles of the ... Neo-Confucianism (which had re-emerged during the previous Tang Dynasty) was followed as the dominant philosophy. A minority ... Confucianism focuses on societal rules and moral values, whereas Taoism advocates simplicity and living happily while in tune ... Though the term "three teachings" is often focused on how well Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism have been able to coexist in ...
In Confucianism, the Rectification of Names means that "things in actual fact should be made to accord with the implications ... For the most part Confucianism does not elaborate on Fa, though the idea of norms themselves are older and Han Confucians ... Taylor, Rodney L.; Choy, Howard (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Confucianism. 1 (1 ed.). New York: The Rosen Group, ... Oldstone-Moore, Jennifer (2002). Confucianism. New York: Oxford University Press, Incorporated. pp. 54-60. ...
ISBN 9971-0-0252-3. Miyamoto, Yoko (2011). "Water Margin: Chinese Robin Hood and His Bandits". Demystifying Confucianism. ...
ISBN 9971-0-0252-3. Miyamoto, Yoko (2011). "Water Margin: Chinese Robin Hood and His Bandits". Demystifying Confucianism. ...
In Confucianism practices now known as Confucian Qigong provide a means to become a Junzi (君子) through awareness of morality. ... ISBN 978-0-534-58419-1. Richey, Jeffrey Edward (2008). Teaching Confucianism. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19- ... in Confucianism to promote longevity and improve moral character; in Daoism and Buddhism as part of meditative practice; and in ...
Confucianism was also brought to Korea from China in early centuries, and was formulated as Korean Confucianism in Goryeo. ... The Joseon kingdom (1392-1910), adopted an especially strict version of Neo-Confucianism (i.e. Korean Confucianism) and ... However, with the end of the Joseon state and the wane of Chinese influence in the 19th and 20th century, Confucianism was ... They show themes derived from Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Korean folk religion. There are also a number of small ...
Demystifying Confucianism. Retrieved 19 December 2016. Shibusawa, Kou (1989), Bandit Kings of Ancient China, Koei, pp. 56, 76, ...
Demystifying Confucianism. Retrieved 19 December 2016. Shibusawa, Kou (1989), Bandit Kings of Ancient China, Koei Zhang, Lin ...
Demystifying Confucianism. Retrieved 19 December 2016. Shibusawa, Kou (1989), Bandit Kings of Ancient China, Koei, pp. 62, 88, ...
ISBN 9971-0-0252-3. Miyamoto, Yoko (2011). "Water Margin: Chinese Robin Hood and His Bandits". Demystifying Confucianism. ...
Confucianism, 105,000; Won Buddhism, 130,000; and other religions, 247,000. A total of 22,071,000 citizens did not practice any ...
... : The synthesis of Taoist cosmology and Buddhist spirituality around the core of Confucian concern with society ... 2) Neo-Confucianism:. Buddhism reached a creative and flourishing peak during the Tang dynasty (618-907); but the Sung dynasty ... 1) Confucianism: There were two interrelated facets in the tradition founded by Confucius (551-479 B.C.): government and proper ... Confucianism as a con-ventional social morality or a form of learning associated with gov-ernment service was commonly regarded ...
... of marriage Confucianism in Indonesia Edo Neo-Confucianism Family as a model for the state Korean Confucianism Neo-Confucianism ... Fung, Yiu-ming (2008), "Problematizing Contemporary Confucianism in East Asia", in Richey, Jeffrey, Teaching Confucianism, ... the core of Confucianism is humanistic. According to Herbert Fingarettes concept of "the secular as sacred", Confucianism ... Ever since Europeans first encountered Confucianism, the issue of how Confucianism should be classified has been subject to ...
Neo-Confucianism MovementOBSERVATIONS ON THE CONFUCIANSSources Source for information on Neo-Confucianism Movement: World Eras ... The system of Neo-Confucianism of which Chu Hsi is regarded as the spo… Confucianism , FOUNDED: c. 1050-256 b.c.e. RELIGION AS ... Neo-Confucianism Movement. Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article ... Old Roots. Confucianism, the philosophy based on the teachings of the sixth and fifth century B.C.E. teacher and reformer Kong ...
Korean Confucianism is the form of Confucianism that emerged and developed in Korea. One of the most substantial influences in ... Like Confucianism from the past, a lot of emphasis is placed on the ability to study and memorize. Since exams are so important ... With Neo-Confucianism taken out of the school curricula and removed from its prominence in the daily life of Koreans, the sense ... Neo-Confucianism held sway in China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam until the 19th century. The nature of early Korean political and ...
Ren (Confucianism) Li (Confucianism) Cheng, Chung-ying (July 1972), "On yi as a universal principle of specific application in ... is an important concept in Confucianism. It involves a moral disposition to do good, and also the intuition and sensibility to ... "The Main Concepts of Confucianism". Philosophy.lander.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-13. (Cheng) (Cheng p. 271) (Cheng). ...
New Confucianism (Chinese: 新儒家; pinyin: xīn rú jiā; literally: "New Confucianism") is an intellectual movement of Confucianism ... Song-Ming Neo-Confucianism, and New Confucianism. This third generation has been instrumental in grounding Confucianism in non- ... New Confucianism is a school of Chinese philosophy influenced by Confucianism. After the events of the May Fourth Movement in ... Xiong and his followers attempts to reconstruct Confucianism gave New Confucianism its Chinese name, xīn rú jiā. Xiong Shili ( ...
Confucianism says that if the ruler lacks ren, it will be difficult for his subjects to behave humanely. Ren is the basis of ... "The Development of Altruism in Confucianism" Apr. 1951: 48-55 JSTOR Oxford University. Hopfe M, Lewis and Woodward R. Mark. ...
Neo-Confucianism) Zhou ritual system 禮樂制度 禮教 Chan, Wing-tsit (1963). A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, New Jersey ... particularly within Confucianism. Li does not encompass a definitive object but rather a somewhat abstract idea and, as such, ...
Confucianism Lingnan culture Chinese philosophy Korean Confucianism 江門以白沙文化為核心 打造「嶺南儒學名城」 曾凡亮. (2009). 菊坡精舍与东塾学派. 中山大学研究生学刊: 社会 ... Lingnan Confucianism (Cantonese Jyutping: Ling5 naam4 jyu4
Adhering to the traditional Confucianism and the Neo-Confucianism, the Modern Neo-Confucianism contributes the nations ... Neo-Confucianism was an attempt to create a more rationalist and secular form of Confucianism by rejecting superstitious and ... Neo-Confucianism became the interpretation of Confucianism whose mastery was necessary to pass the bureaucratic examinations by ... The importance of li in Neo-Confucianism gave the movement its Chinese name, literally "The study of Li." Neo-Confucianism was ...
Source for information on Confucianism: History of Study: Encyclopedia of Religion dictionary. ... HISTORY OF STUDY Any effort to describe Confucianism (ru, literally weakling but conventionally glossed as scholar) as an ... The capitalist Confucians contend that Confucianism, properly understood-that is, New Confucianism-is as world transforming as ... "neo-Confucianism." The study of Confucianism via neo-Confucianism accelerated in the 1970s and 1980s, with additional ...
It may be translated as "rational principle" or "law." It was central to Zhu Xis integration of Buddhism into Confucianism. ...
Like Chinese and Korean Confucianism, Edo Neo-Confucianism is a social and ethical philosophy based on metaphysical ideas. The ... Neo-Confucianism has its origins in the Chinese Tang Dynasty; the Confucianist scholars Han Yu and Li Ao are seen as forebears ... Neo-Confucianism was brought to Japan during the late Kamakura period. It was spread as basic education for monks in training ... Neo-Confucianism developed both as a renaissance of traditional Confucian ideas, and as a reaction to the ideas of Buddhism and ...
New Text Confucianism (simplified Chinese: 今文经学; traditional Chinese: 今文經學) is a school of thought in Confucianism that was ... The school competed with Old Text Confucianism in the later Han dynasty and its dominance waned as the latter became the new ... The school was reinvigorated by a group of scholars who were dissatisfied with the popular Neo-Confucianism at the time in the ... Downplaying the role of Mencius, as a sign of opposition to Confucianism during the Song dynasty. Much attention paid to the ...
Confucianism, the way of life propagated by Confucius in the 6th-5th century BCE and followed by the Chinese people for more ... The story of Confucianism does not begin with Confucius. Nor was Confucius the founder of Confucianism in the sense that the ... China: Confucianism. Confucianism was perceived by the Mongols as a Chinese religion, and it had mixed fortunes under their ... China: Confucianism. Confucianism was perceived by the Mongols as a Chinese religion, and it had mixed fortunes under their ...
Teaching Confucianism presents pedagogically oriented essays that are informed by the latest scholarship, as well as practical ... Understanding the Ethical Universe of Neo-Confucianism Robert W. Foster Problematizing Contemporary Confucianism in East Asia ... Teaching Confucianism. Jeffrey L. Richey. Abstract. Teaching Confucianism presents pedagogically oriented essays that are ... Keywords: China, Confucianism, Confucius, East Asia, pedagogy, religion, Ru, teaching Bibliographic Information. Print ...
This is a list of notable converts to Christianity from Confucianism. It is debated whether Confucianism is a religion and some ... Before I followed Confucianism" Portraits of Modern Japanese Historical Figures One of Chinas Scholars: The Culture & ...
Confucianism rose to the position of an official orthodoxy during the Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220). When the Han ... According to Confucianism, the worship of great deities was the affair of the state, ancestral worship is required of all, and ... Confucianism tolerated magic and mysticism as long as they were useful tools for controlling the masses; it denounced them as ... The Confucianism goal was "a cultured status position", while Puritanisms goal was to create individuals who are "tools of God ...
The Religi n of China: Confucianism and Taoism. Max Weber. Snippet view - 1951. ... The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism. Max Weber. Snippet view - 1951. ... The religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism. Max Weber. Snippet view - 1968. ... Free Press, 1951 - Confucianism - 308 pages. 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/The_Religi%C3%B3n_of_China.html?id= ...
But what exactly is "Confucianism"? The "original" Confucianism, as elaborated by Confucius himself and preserved in The ... So Confucianism is an interesting alternative. Below I talked about the fact that even in a post-Christian continent the basic ... Confucianism is also in some ways an odd fit, especially with its historical contempt for the merchant classes and non-primary ... Confucianism & China. Posted on May 19, 2007. November 30, -0001. by Razib Khan ...
Knowledge and Action of Confucianism The main purpose of learning is self-cultivation. But the self cultivation is not supposed ... Confucianism-therefore results in part from every individual knowing his or her place in the social order, and playing his or ... Confucianism. The social organization that held men together is an important form of human adaptation to the environment. Its ... Zhang W. (1999) " Confucianism and Modernization", ST. MARTINS PRESS, INC., New York. ...
China: Friend or Foe?: Understanding the U.S Pacific Pivot to Chinas Confusing Confucianism. Bjällstrand, Thomas Stockholms ... China, USA, Harmonious World, Peaceful Rise, Pivot, Mearsheimer, Confucianism, Offensive realism, Defensive realism HSV ...
Confucianism is the teachings of Confucius (a style of teaching that many people in China follow, such as philosophy, reforms, ... Confucianism Impact Factor. Confucianism is the teachings of Confucius (a style of teaching that many people in China follow, ...
Confucianism and Ecology: The Interrelation of Heaven, Earth, and Humans (Religions of the World and Ecology): Ships with ... a dialogical approach links Confucianism to other philosophic and religious traditions; an examination of engaged Confucianism ... Confucianism and Ecology: The Interrelation of Heaven, Earth, and Humans (Religions of the World and Ecology). ... Confucianism demonstrates a remarkable wealth of resources for rethinking human-earth relations. This second volume in the ...
Successors to confucianism or a new generation: a questionnaire study on Chinese students culture of learning English ... Shi, Lijing (2006) Successors to confucianism or a new generation: a questionnaire study on Chinese students culture of ...
  • Confucianism, the philosophy based on the teachings of the sixth and fifth century B.C.E. teacher and reformer Kong Zi (K'ung Ch'iu, Confucius), permeated Chinese society. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Confucianism developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551-479 BCE), who considered himself a recodifier and retransmitter of theology and values inherited from the Shang (c. 1600 BCE-1046 BCE) and Zhou dynasty (c. 1046 BCE-256 BCE). (wikipedia.org)
  • The term Confucianism familiar to most early twenty-first century readers is the nominal equivalent of the expressions ru, rujia, ruxue , the meanings of which are scholar, classical tradition, and classical teaching, rather than the teaching of Confucius (Kongzi, 551 - 479 bce). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Confucianism , the way of life propagated by Confucius in the 6th-5th century bce and followed by the Chinese people for more than two millennia. (britannica.com)
  • The story of Confucianism does not begin with Confucius. (britannica.com)
  • Nor was Confucius the founder of Confucianism in the sense that the Buddha was the founder of Buddhism and Jesus Christ the founder of Christianity . (britannica.com)
  • Confucius may have initiated a cultural process known in the West as Confucianism, but he and those who followed him considered themselves part of a tradition, later identified by Chinese historians as the rujia , "scholarly tradition," that had its origins two millennia previously, when the legendary sages Yao and Shun created a civilized world through moral persuasion. (britannica.com)
  • The "original" Confucianism, as elaborated by Confucius himself and preserved in The Analects, was basically an elaboration of the ideals of Zhou Dynasty China. (gnxp.com)
  • Some have also asserted that State Confucianism, as promulgated first by the Han Dynasty, had more in common substantively with Legalism (though Legalism was strongly influenced by one of the three fathers of Confucianism, Xun Xi), the bete noire of early Confucianism, with only stylistic flourishes being carried over from the original ideas of Confucius. (gnxp.com)
  • Confucianism is the teachings of Confucius (a style of teaching that many people in China follow, such as philosophy, reforms, poetry and music and belief in education) emphasizing love for humanity, peace, justice, high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors), which influenced the traditional culture of China. (omicsonline.org)
  • The founder of Confucianism was a Chinese teacher named Confucius. (smore.com)
  • The English labels "Confucianism" and "Neo-Confucianism" imply a close connection to the life and thought of Master Kong or Kongzi (Confucius), whose traditional dates are 551-479 BCE. (utm.edu)
  • Readings include Confucian classics such as Confucius' Analects, The Book of Mencius, and Xunzi (Hsün Tzu), as well as contemporary interpretations of classical Confucianism. (redlands.edu)
  • He's significant to Confucianism - and especially the textual transmission of Confucius' works - because toward the end of his reign he engaged in a process of burning books and burying scholars. (aomin.org)
  • The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Confucianism is a complex school of thought, sometimes also referred to as a religion, revolving around the principles of the Chinese philosopher Kong Qiu (westernized: Confucius). (wikipedia.org)
  • This concept also overlaps with an idea in Confucianism as Confucius similarly believed that a perfect sage could rule without taking action. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ideas of Confucius became the foundation of Confucianism, his disciples gathered his teachings and added their own thoughts to create the Analects. (preceden.com)
  • Confucianism is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. (worldheritagesite.org)
  • Neo-Confucianism: The synthesis of Taoist cosmology and Buddhist spirituality around the core of Confucian concern with society and government, a synthesis which predominated in the intellectual and spiritual life of China, Korea, and Japan prior to the modern period. (washington.edu)
  • Neo-Confucianism developed both as a renaissance of traditional Confucian ideas, and as a reaction to the ideas of Buddhism and religious Daoism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edo Neo-Confucianism, known in Japanese as Shushi-Gaku (朱子学, shushigaku), refers to the schools of Neo-Confucian philosophy that developed in Japan during the Edo period. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 17th-century Tokugawa shogunate adopted Neo-Confucianism as the principle of controlling people and Confucian philosophy took hold. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the Kansei Edict established Neo-Confucianism as Japan's official ideology, the Shoheiko academy became the premier authority on Confucian orthodoxy. (wikipedia.org)
  • traditional Chinese: 今文經學) is a school of thought in Confucianism that was based on Confucian classics recompiled in the early Han dynasty by Confucians who survived the burning of books and burying of scholars during the Qin dynasty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Teaching Confucianism presents pedagogically oriented essays that are informed by the latest scholarship, as well as practical experience in the religious studies and theology classroom, attentive to various settings within which religious material is taught, and sensitive to both expert (e.g., those in Confucian studies) and lay (e.g., those with no background in Asian studies who nonetheless are charged with teaching Asian traditions) audiences. (oxfordscholarship.com)
  • It is debated whether Confucianism is a religion and some Confucians who became Christians considered themselves to remain Confucian in philosophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the Song (Sung) dynasty (960-1279), Neo-Confucianism flourished - interpreting classical Confucian doctrine in a way that addressed Buddhist and Daoist issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Neo-Confucianism" is the name commonly applied to the revival of the various strands of Confucian philosophy and political culture that began in the middle of the 9th century and reached new levels of intellectual and social creativity in the 11th century in the Northern Song Dynasty. (utm.edu)
  • His corpus is an unusual hybrid in that although its main aim is to erect a metaphysical system, many of the books where Mou pursues that end consist largely of cultural criticism or histories of Confucian, Buddhist, or Daoist philosophy in which Mou explains his own opinions through exegesis of other thinkers' in a terminology appropriated from Kant, Tiantai Buddhism , and Neo-Confucianism . (utm.edu)
  • Regarding Confucianism, he asserts that contemporary China's "Confucian heritage, with its emphasis on authority, order, hierarchy, and supremacy of the collectivity over the individual, creates obstacles to democratization. (jhu.edu)
  • ru was never actually a subject of conscious investigation by the Chinese until around 1900, and Confucianism is, as Lewis Hodous declared in the 1911 edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica , "a misleading general term for the teachings of the Chinese classics upon cosmology, the social order , government, morals and ethics. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Though the term "three teachings" is often focused on how well Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism have been able to coexist in harmony throughout Chinese history, evidence has shown that each practice has dominated, or risen to favor, during certain periods of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perhaps one of the most prominent, Tu Wei-ming, has promoted the idea that Confucianism saw three epochs: the classical pre-Han Confucianism, Song-Ming Neo-Confucianism, and New Confucianism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The school was reinvigorated by a group of scholars who were dissatisfied with the popular Neo-Confucianism at the time in the late Ming dynasty. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effort by differing sects to create opposing metaphysical outlooks, which was clearly obvious in Chinese Buddhism, was the most important factor in sparking the rise of neo-Confucianism. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the Chinese language, the character rú 儒 meaning "scholar" or "learned" or "refined man" is generally used both in the past and the present to refer to things related to Confucianism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any effort to describe Confucianism ( ru , literally "weakling" but conventionally glossed as "scholar") as an object of study requires one to acknowledge that it is a historically related symbolic complex made from the fateful conjunction of early modern European and Chinese curiosity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Prior to the eighteenth century and the intellectual debates between scholars of the new and old script traditions of Chinese classical scholarship, there was really no effective study of Confucianism. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Whereas the English rendering of the movement is generally New Confucianism, there is a variety of translations in the Chinese. (wikipedia.org)
  • New Confucianism is a school of Chinese philosophy influenced by Confucianism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Xiong and his follower's attempts to reconstruct Confucianism gave New Confucianism its Chinese name, xīn rú jiā. (wikipedia.org)
  • Confucianism was perceived by the Mongols as a Chinese religion, and it had mixed fortunes under their rule. (britannica.com)
  • Confucianism, a Western term that has no counterpart in Chinese , is a worldview, a social ethic , a political ideology , a scholarly tradition, and a way of life. (britannica.com)
  • Though State Confucianism fell in the first decades of the 20th century as the organizing principle of the Chinese polity, the the idea of Confucianism as central to the Han Chinese identity did not really suffer major body blows until the Communist take over of the mid-20th century. (gnxp.com)
  • Whatever the exact truth is, I think the critical overall point is that it is less important what Confucianism is, then that it served as a common anchor for the Chinese bureaucratic elite. (gnxp.com)
  • From the chronological perspective, he concentrated on early period of Chinese history (Hundred Schools of Thought, Warring States period), during which major Chinese schools of thoughts (Confucianism, Taoism) were invented. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the Han disintegrated, Confucianism fell with it and lay dormant for almost 400 years (A.D. 220-618) as Chinese Buddhism and Taoism offered new visions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Critical scholars have pointed out that there is no single Chinese, Korean, Japanese or Vietnamese traditional term that matches "Confucianism. (utm.edu)
  • Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world's major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. (insightstate.com)
  • Organised religions and philosophies belonged to the ruling elites, and the long patronage exerted by the Chinese empire led these elites to embrace a particularly strict Confucianism (i.e. (wikipedia.org)
  • The unique Chinese cultural elements, influencing by Confucianism, Taoism, and war stratagems, show the heavy reliance on interpersonal relationships instead of legal instruments and are included in the complexities of foreign business negotiations, and can make the process tougher and more protracted (Fang, 2006). (educationindex.com)
  • THE INFLUENCE OF CONFUCIANISM IN THE JAPANESE CULTURE In relation to the observation made by Reid, the concept of "Confucianism" is often observed as one of the major Chinese religions alongside Taoism as well as Buddhism. (educationindex.com)
  • At the same time, it helps students to understand the basics of four different philosophies of the Ancient Chinese: Confucianism, Moism, Legalism, and Daoism. (teachersnetwork.org)
  • Third, what are the implications of the answers to our first two questions for polities heavily influenced by such cultural and religious traditions as Confucianism, 1 Islam, and Eastern Orthodox Christianity--traditions that some analysts, starting from a civilizational as opposed to an institutional perspective, see as presenting major obstacles to democracy? (jhu.edu)
  • A celebrated case of metaphor as mistake yielded four centuries of analysis, commentary, and most importantly, translations through which Confucianism and the essential China it metonymically contained were exactingly documented for purposes of admiration or attack. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the context of this great encounter, the meaning of which was slowly distilled through Confucianism, the place of China and Confucianism has shifted within Western cultural self-consciousness. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The life Confucianism has lived as a form of study in the West was distinct, and until very recently largely different, from the scholarly history of ru in China. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Neo-Confucianism held sway in China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam until the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • literally: "New Confucianism") is an intellectual movement of Confucianism that began in the early 20th century in Republican China, and further developed in post-Mao era contemporary China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Confucianism was attacked as unscientific and contrary to the progress of a modern China. (wikipedia.org)
  • In China Neo-Confucianism was an officially-recognized creed from its development during the Song dynasty until the early twentieth century, and lands in the sphere of Song China (Vietnam and Japan) were all deeply influenced by Neo-Confucianism for more than half a millennium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kang Youwei Gongyang Zhuan Old Texts Elman, Benjamin A. Classicism, politics, and kingship: the Chang-chou school of New Text Confucianism in late imperial China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taiwan) Confucianism did not go through the gauntlet of the Cultural Revolution, so even if there was not within China some memory of this ideology it could conceivably be re-planted from without. (gnxp.com)
  • The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism is a book written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist. (wikipedia.org)
  • Confucianism originated in China and spread throughout Asia and even North America. (smore.com)
  • Today, it is widespread throughout China and is closely intertwined with the other philosophies and religions of China, such as Confucianism and Buddhism . (insightstate.com)
  • Rethinking confucianism: Past and present in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam (pp. 397-430). (springer.com)
  • China, Confucianism, and Taoism. (wesleyan.edu)
  • Confucianism in Korea is sometimes considered a pragmatic way of holding a nation together without the civil wars and internal dissent that were inherited from the Goryeo dynasty, and before. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also vital to remember that Neo-Confucianism became an international movement and spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. (utm.edu)
  • Neo-Confucianism flourished in all of these East Asian countries and since the 16th Century some of most creative philosophical work was achieved in Korea and Japan. (utm.edu)
  • The influence of Neo-Confucianism was challenged by the rise of the Kokugaku philosophical school in the 17th and 18th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although philosophical competitors, Kokugaku and Neo-Confucianism would co-exist as the dominant philosophical thought of Japan until the arrival of Western philosophy during the Meiji period. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the term "Neo-Confucianism" is considered problematic because of its modern origin, its ancestor, "Confucianism," is likewise imprecise and without a clear reference in traditional East Asian philosophical usage. (utm.edu)
  • Despite this, and with exceptions with respect to Neo-Confucianism, the contrast between Daoism and Confucianism has not primarily involved their philosophical views (the respective claims in this respect were known and quietly acknowledged by both), but their religious aspects. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There had been a philosophical quarrel between Mao Tse-tung and Chou En-lai,' Bertolucci said at lunch here a few days ago. (latimes.com)
  • The first generation of New Confucians (1921-1949) came about as a response to the May Fourth movement and its iconoclastic stance against Confucianism. (wikipedia.org)
  • This third generation has been instrumental in grounding Confucianism in non-Asian contexts, as can be seen through Boston Confucianism and other Western Confucians like Wm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike the Buddhists, the Neo-Confucians believed that reality existed, and could be understood by humankind, even if the interpretations of reality were slightly different depending on the school of Neo-Confucianism. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the most part Confucianism does not elaborate on Fa, though the idea of norms themselves are older and Han Confucians embraced Fa as an essential element in administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even after Buddhism triumphed as the major religious, scholastic, and aesthetic influence in the Tang dynasty (618-907), the family ethic and political ideology of Confucianism never completely disappeared. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Neo-Confucianism was an attempt to create a more rationalist and secular form of Confucianism by rejecting superstitious and mystical elements of Taoism and Buddhism that had influenced Confucianism during and after the Han Dynasty. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was spread as basic education for monks in training and others among gosan (Zen temples highly ranked by the government), while its theory was completed by annotations brought by the monk Yishan Yining, who visited Japan in 1299 from the Yuan Dynasty, in the form of the Cheng-Zhu school of Neo-Confucianism. (wikipedia.org)
  • New Text school attained prominence in the Western Han dynasty and became the official interpretation for Confucianism, which was adopted as the official ideology by Emperor Wu of Han. (wikipedia.org)
  • The school competed with Old Text Confucianism in the later Han dynasty and its dominance waned as the latter became the new orthodoxy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Downplaying the role of Mencius, as a sign of opposition to Confucianism during the Song dynasty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Confucianism rose to the position of an official orthodoxy during the Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220). (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Herbert Fingarette's concept of "the secular as sacred", Confucianism regards the ordinary activities of human life-and especially human relationships-as a manifestation of the sacred, because they are the expression of our moral nature (xìng 性), which has a transcendent anchorage in Heaven (Tiān 天) and an appropriate respect for the spirits or gods (shén). (wikipedia.org)
  • Confucianism holds one in contempt, either passively or actively, for failure to uphold the cardinal moral values of rén and yì. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today the legacy of Confucianism remains a fundamental part of Korean society, shaping the moral system, the way of life, social relations between old and young, high culture, and is the basis for much of the legal system. (wikipedia.org)
  • He assimilated this notion of intellectual intuition to ideas found in Confucianism , Buddhism , and Daoism and attempted to expand it into a metaphysical system that would establish the objectivity of moral values and the possibility of sagehood. (utm.edu)
  • In the ethics of Confucianism on the other hand, most notably in the philosophy of Dong Zhongshu ( c. 2nd century BC), a moral dimension is attached to the idea of yin and yang. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the last years of the empire and the early years of the republic he sought to promote Confucianism as an antidote against "moral degeneration" and indiscriminate Westernization. (britannica.com)
  • The rise of Neo-Confucianism in Japan was aided by state support from the Tokugawa government, who encouraged the establishment of national secular ideology as a method of strengthening political rule over the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • While most Europeans remember a time when Christianity was ascendant as the central motivating belief structure of their culture, and some European nations still have Christianity embedded in their organizing political documents, the same is not true of Confucianism. (gnxp.com)
  • With particular emphasis on the importance of the family and social harmony, rather than on an otherworldly source of spiritual values, the core of Confucianism is humanistic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Daoism's relation to Confucianism - the dominating influence behind the system of social norms, upheld by the central government, maintained by the local officers, supported by the literati, and transmitted through education - has been complex. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Classical Confucianism focuses on the social aspects of human life. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Confucianism stands for a great number of things both enabling and disabling of any effort to compile a history of it as an object of study. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The history of this engagement with texts in the interest of getting at the timeless truths of antiquity has been eloquently retold by John Henderson in Scripture, Canon and Commentary (1991) and Benjamin Elman in From Philosophy to Philology (1984), but it is not really about Confucianism per se. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The renewal of Confucianism resulted from a nationalist reaction that followed the An Lushan Rebellion (755) and from a movement that advocated a return to the ancient ways of doing things. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The neo-Confucianism movement began with Han Yu , but a comprehensive and definitive formulation of his philosophy was not completed until the School of Reason was promoted by the Chen brothers (Chen Hao and Chen Yi ) and the great synthesis of Zhu Xi was accomplished, both achieved during Song times. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Wang's interpretation of Confucianism denied the rationalist dualism of Zhu's orthodox philosophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The philosophy had arrived earlier in the 14th century, but knowledge of it was limited to Zen monasteries, who saw Confucianism as intellectually interesting, but secondary to Zen, and some schools like the Ashikaga Gakko. (wikipedia.org)