The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.
The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.
Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
Sexual activities of animals.
Deliberate and planned acts of unlawful behavior engaged in by aggrieved segments of the population in seeking social change.
The interactions between parent and child.
Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
Financial support of research activities.
One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.
Timed test in which the subject must read a list of words or identify colors presented with varying instructions and different degrees of distraction. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary. 8th ed.)
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The number of males per 100 females.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The selection or choice of sexual partner in animals. Often this reproductive preference is based on traits in the potential mate, such as coloration, size, or behavioral boldness. If the chosen ones are genetically different from the rejected ones, then NATURAL SELECTION is occurring.
Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.
The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.
Devices or tools used in combat or fighting in order to kill or incapacitate.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.
Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Those individuals engaged in research.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Violence or other hostile behavior arising when an ethnic group either feels itself under threat, or where it seeks to assert its superiority or dominance over other groups.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The composition of a committee; the state or status of being a member of a committee.
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
Productive or purposeful activities.
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising one species, Puma concolor. It is a large, long-tailed, feline of uniform color. The names puma, cougar, and mountain lion are used interchangeably for this species. There are more than 20 subspecies.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.
A country in Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago. It includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco. On May 20, 2002, East Timor was internationally recognized as an independent state. This followed its declared independence from Portugal on November 20, 1975 and a period of armed conflict with Indonesia.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The capability of an organism to survive and reproduce. The phenotypic expression of the genotype in a particular environment determines how genetically fit an organism will be.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The interactions between physician and patient.
Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Multinational coalition military operation initiated in October 2001 to counter terrorism and bring security to AFGHANISTAN in collaboration with Afghan forces.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
The bond or lack thereof between a pregnant woman and her FETUS.
Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.
Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.
A term used in Eastern European research literature on brain and behavior physiology for cortical functions. It refers to the highest level of integrative function of the brain, centered in the CEREBRAL CORTEX, regulating language, thought, and behavior via sensory, motor, and cognitive processes.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
An armed intervention involving multi-national forces in the country of IRAQ.
Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.
Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)
Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.
Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.
Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.
Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.

To tell the truth: disclosing the incentives and limits of managed care. (1/473)

As managed care becomes more prevalent in the United States, concerns have arisen over the business practices of managed care companies. A particular concern is whether patients should be made aware of the financial incentives and treatment limits of their healthcare plan. At present, managed care organizations are not legally required to make such disclosures. However, such disclosures would be advisable for reasons of ethical fidelity, contractual clarity, and practical prudence. Physicians themselves may also have a fiduciary responsibility to discuss incentives and limits with their patients. Once the decision to disclose has been made, the managed care organization must draft a document that explains, clearly and honestly, limits of care in the plan and physician incentives that might restrict the care a patient receives.  (+info)

Outcomes research: collaboration among academic researchers, managed care organizations, and pharmaceutical manufacturers. (2/473)

Medical and pharmaceutical outcomes research has been of increasing interest in the past 10 to 15 years among healthcare providers, payers, and regulatory agencies. Outcomes research has become a multidisciplinary field involving clinicians, health services researchers, epidemiologists, psychometricians, statisticians, psychologists, sociologists, economists, and ethicists. Collaboration among researchers in different organizations that offer different types of services and various research expertise is the essential element for any successful outcomes project. In this article we discuss collaboration on outcomes research among academic researchers (mainly those who work in colleges of pharmacy), managed care organizations, and research-based pharmaceutical manufacturers, with a focus on the opportunities and challenges facing each party. The pharmaceutical industry needs information to make product and promotion decisions; the managed care industry has data to offer but needs analysis of these data; and pharmacy schools, among other academic institutions, have skilled researchers and data-processing capacity but require projects for revenue, research training, experience, and publications. Challenges do exist with such endeavors, but collaboration could be beneficial in satisfying the needs of the individual parties.  (+info)

Technology assessment, coverage decisions, and conflict: the role of guidelines. (3/473)

As pressure grows for health plans to be accountable for increasing quality of care within a cost-control environment, coverage of new technologies becomes a particularly challenging issue. For a number of reasons, health plans have adopted evidence-based methods for guiding technology decisions. The implementation of these methods has not been free of controversy, and conflicts have arisen between plans and proponents of technologies who often use the political and legal arena in an attempt to secure coverage. Unless these conflicts are resolved, the healthcare system may have difficulty meeting cost and quality objectives. Technology assessment and coverage process guidelines and flexible coverage approaches may be possible ways of resolving these conflicts.  (+info)

The ethical dilemma of population-based medical decision making. (4/473)

Over the past several years, there has been a growing interest in population-based medicine. Some elements in healthcare have used population-based medicine as a technique to decrease healthcare expenditures. However, in their daily practice of medicine, physicians must grapple with the question of whether they incorporate population-based medicine when making decisions for an individual patient. They therefore may encounter an ethical dilemma. Physicians must remember that the physician-patient relationship is of paramount importance and that even well-conducted research may not be applicable to an individual patient.  (+info)

Research, ethics and conflicts of interest. (5/473)

In this paper, I have tried to develop a critique of committee procedures and conflict of interest within research advisory committees and ethical review committees (ERCs). There are specific features of conflict of interest in medical research. Scientists, communities and the subjects of research all have legitimate stakeholdings. The interests of medical scientists are particularly complex, since they are justified by the moral and physical welfare of their research subjects, while the reputations and incomes of scientists depend on the success of their science. Tensions of this kind must at times produce conflict of interest. It is important to recognise that conflicts of interest may unwittingly lead to manipulation of research subjects and their lay representatives on research committees. It is equally important to recognise distinctions between the legal and moral aspects of conflict of interest. Some practical suggestions are made which may go some way towards resolving these difficulties. They indicate what might be needed to ensure the validity of ethical discourse, and to reduce the risks associated with conflict of interest.  (+info)

One editor's views on conflict of interest. (6/473)

The purpose of this article is to discuss the importance of recognizing conflict of interest or bias situations in the peer review and publication process of research papers and to identify some important guidelines or policies that help to minimize these situations. Communication of thoughts, ideas, and information is the basis of how we function as a society. Communicating research results requires us to clearly and accurately communicate all aspects of the research process, including the appropriate interpretation of results. A working definition for conflict of interest or bias with regard to publishing research results is that conflict of interest is a situation in which personal benefit (either direct or indirect) takes priority over the clarity and(or) accuracy of reporting research. These situations are ethical issues and can represent either real or assumed situations. It is true that the review and publication process is not perfect; thus, some bias probably is always present and can be brought to the review and publication process by either the author or those responsible for the process. However, conflict of interest or bias that detracts from the objective evaluation of research or the integrity of a scientific journal is inappropriate. Conflict of interest or bias situations can occur at all levels of the review and publication process and should be dealt with on a factual basis. This article describes several situations as examples and several important guidelines that help minimize the occurrence of conflict of interest or bias.  (+info)

Managed care and ethical conflicts: anything new? (7/473)

Does managed care represent the death knell for the ethical provision of medical care? Much of the current literature suggests as much. In this essay I argue that the types of ethical conflicts brought on by managed care are, in fact, similar to those long faced by physicians and by other professionals. Managed care presents new, but not fundamentally different, factors to be considered in medical decision making. I also suggest ways of better understanding and resolving these conflicts, in part by distinguishing among conflicts of interest, of bias and of obligation.  (+info)

Coverage by the news media of the benefits and risks of medications. (8/473)

BACKGROUND: The news media are an important source of information about new medical treatments, but there is concern that some coverage may be inaccurate and overly enthusiastic. METHODS: We studied coverage by U.S. news media of the benefits and risks of three medications that are used to prevent major diseases. The medications were pravastatin, a cholesterol-lowering drug for the prevention of cardiovascular disease; alendronate, a bisphosphonate for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis; and aspirin, which is used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. We analyzed a systematic probability sample of 180 newspaper articles (60 for each drug) and 27 television reports that appeared between 1994 and 1998. RESULTS: Of the 207 stories, 83 (40 percent) did not report benefits quantitatively. Of the 124 that did, 103 (83 percent) reported relative benefits only, 3 (2 percent) absolute benefits only, and 18 (15 percent) both absolute and relative benefits. Of the 207 stories, 98 (47 percent) mentioned potential harm to patients, and only 63 (30 percent) mentioned costs. Of the 170 stories citing an expert or a scientific study, 85 (50 percent) cited at least one expert or study with a financial tie to a manufacturer of the drug that had been disclosed in the scientific literature. These ties were disclosed in only 33 (39 percent) of the 85 stories. CONCLUSIONS: News-media stories about medications may include inadequate or incomplete information about the benefits, risks, and costs of the drugs as well as the financial ties between study groups or experts and pharmaceutical manufacturers.  (+info)

The panel was established with the goal of having no personal (ie, direct payment to the individual) financial conflicts of interest among its chairs and among fewer than half of its panel members. All potential panel members are asked to disclose any personal relationship(s) with pharmaceutical, biotechnology, medical device, or health-related companies or ventures that may result in financial benefit. Disclosures are obtained prior to the panel member appointments and for 1 year prior to the initiation of their work on the panel. Full transparency of potential financial conflicts is an important goal for the guidance that best ensures the credibility of the process and the recommendations. Individuals are also asked to disclose funding of HCV-related research activities to their institutional division, department, or practice group. Disclosures are reviewed by the HCV guidance chairs, who make assessments based on the conflict-of-interest policies of the sponsoring organizations (AASLD and ...
1. Conflict of Interest Committee (COI Committee) is an administrative committee composed of members of the administration and, in some cases, members of the faculty and/or others that will review the Covered Individuals disclosures of Significant Financial Interests (SFIs), determine whether a Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) exists, and, if so, develop a Management Plan for the Covered Individual to manage, reduce, or eliminate the FCOI.. 2. Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) will be deemed to exist when the Institutes COI Committee reasonably determines that a Significant Financial Interest disclosed by the Covered Individual could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of Federally Funded Research, with the exception of Research funded through phase I support under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs. Note: Phase II SBIR and STTR programs are not exempt like phase I programs and are ...
Downloadable! This paper proposes a method to calculate undistributed profits, thus saving rates of non-financial firms using only the information given in their balance sheets. This allows us to analyze the saving behavior of non-financial firms even in the absence of their statement of cash flows, which contains dividend payments data. The balance sheets of non-financial firms are provided by TurkStat only for 2013 and 2014, so this paper is confined to the cross sectional analysis of the saving behavior of non-financial firms in Turkey. We find that the saving rate increases as past net profit margin increases for firms with profits in the preceding year. For the firms which declare loss in the preceding year, saving rate increases as the past value of net profit margin decreases. Our findings for the rest of the firm-level determinants are consistent with the previous studies: Firm size plays a role on corporate savings; leverage ratio has a negative impact on the saving rate; and the positive
A seriously flawed and inflammatory attack on conflict of interest policies and regulations appeared recently in a most unexpected location: the venerable and trusted New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). In a series of rambling articles, one of the journals national correspondents, Lisa Rosenbaum, supported by the editor in chief, Jeffrey Drazen, tried to rationalise financial conflicts of interest in the medical profession.1 2 3 4 As former senior editors of the NEJM, we find it sad that the medical journal that first called attention to the problem of financial conflicts of interest among physicians would now backtrack so dramatically and indulge in personal attacks on those who disagree.. Physicians and the public rely on journals as unbiased and independent sources of information and to provide leadership to improve trust in medicine and the medical literature. Yet financial conflicts of interest have repeatedly eroded the credibility of both the medical profession and journals.5 6 As ...
marketing of the prescription drug Neurontin.. The Partnership to Advance Conflict‐free Medical Education (PACME) is a joint project of the National Physicians Alliance, the American Medical Student Association, Community Catalyst, and the Pew Charitable Trusts designed to create both external and internal pressure for medical schools and academic medical centers to adopt strong new conflict-of-interest policies.. Learn more at NPAlliance.org/conflict-free. ...
In the event that an undisclosed financial interest on the part of an author is brought to the editors attention (usually during the review process), the editor should remind the author of the journals policy and ask the author if he or she has anything to disclose. The authors reply may affect the editorial decision on whether to publish the manuscript. If an editor receives information (usually from a reader) alleging that an author has not disclosed a financial interest in the subject of an article that has been published, the editor should contact the author and ask for an
In the event that an undisclosed financial interest on the part of an author is brought to the editors attention (usually during the review process), the editor should remind the author of the journals policy and ask the author if he or she has anything to disclose. The authors reply may affect the editorial decision on whether to publish the manuscript. If an editor receives information (usually from a reader) alleging that an author has not disclosed a financial interest in the subject of an article that has been published, the editor should contact the author and ask for an
What kind of relationship is the external business relationships in the following? Several years later, he learned that a number of external business relationships had been formed in one of our Latin American countries between a few of our top managers and members of their families. While not a violation of the law, and in fact common practice in that country, it was a clear violation of P&Gs conflict-of-interest policy. And the people involved knew it. Thank you.
For years, such consulting payments have raised concerns about the impact of money on a doctors decision about which drugs to prescribe or how to interpret research findings. Money can also shift a physicians sense of loyalty, said George Loewenstein, a professor at Carnegie Mellon University who has studied medical conflict-of-interest policies. If someone has been paying you or employing you, it is very difficult to blow the whistle, said Professor Loewenstein, who teaches economics and psychology. It offends our sense of loyalty ...
You are here: Parliament home page , Parliamentary business , Publications and Records , House of Commons Publications , Register of Members Financial Interests , Register of Members Financial Interests ...
Grant Support: The authors are funded by their academic institutions.. Disclosures: Authors have disclosed no conflicts of interest. Forms can be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M15-1277.. Editors Disclosures: Christine Laine, MD, MPH, Editor in Chief, reports that she has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD, Executive Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Cynthia D. Mulrow, MD, MSc, Senior Deputy Editor, reports that she has no relationships or interests to disclose. Deborah Cotton, MD, MPH, Deputy Editor, reports that she has no financial relationships or interest to disclose. Jaya K. Rao, MD, MHS, Deputy Editor, reports that she has stock holdings/options in Eli Lilly and Pfizer. Sankey V. Williams, MD, Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Catharine B. Stack, PhD, MS, Deputy Editor for Statistics, reports ...
Acknowledgment: The authors thank the patient for sharing her story.. Grant Support: Beyond the Guidelines receives no external support.. Disclosures: Authors not named here have disclosed no conflicts of interest. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?ms Num=M15-2885.. Editors Disclosures: Christine Laine, MD, MPH, Editor in Chief, reports that she has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD, Executive Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Cynthia D. Mulrow, MD, MSc, Senior Deputy Editor, reports that she has no relationships or interests to disclose. Deborah Cotton, MD, MPH, Deputy Editor, reports that she has no financial relationships or interest to disclose. Jaya K. Rao, MD, MHS, Deputy Editor, reports that she has stock holdings/options in Eli Lilly and Pfizer. Sankey V. Williams, MD, Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships ...
Susan Darlow, PhD; Karin Hoffmann, RN, CCM. The ACCME/ANCC/ACPE defines conflict of interest as when an individual has an opportunity to affect CE content about products or services of a commercial interest with which he/she has a financial relationship.. ACCME, ACPE, and ANCC focuses on financial relationships with commercial interests in the 12-month period preceding the time that the individual is being asked to assume a role controlling content of the CE activity. ACCME, ACPE, and ANCC have not set a minimal dollar amount for relationships to be significant. Inherent in any amount is the incentive to maintain or increase the value of the relationship. The ACCME, ACPE, and ANCC defines relevant financial relationships as financial relationships in any amount occurring within the past 12 months that create a conflict of interest.. All faculty for this continuing education activity are competent in the subject matter and qualified by experience, training, and/or preparation to the tasks ...
2020 SCPMG, Department of Research & Evaluation, All rights reserved. , Terms & conditions , Privacy practices. Kaiser Permanente identifies financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) and other situations that may give rise to conflicts of interest, and addresses such situations to ensure research decisions made are in the best interests of KP, its research participants, patients, and members. Kaiser Permanente operates in accordance with federal regulations addressing research financial conflicts of interest through our Policy on FCOI in Research. ...
The new Harvard University Policy on Individual Financial Conflicts of Interest for Persons Holding Faculty and Teaching Appointments (University Conflict of Interest Policy) is built upon 12 principles that establish a framework to guide the Schools in developing their implementation plans.
NACCME, LLC is an independent provider of continuing medical education. NACCME, LLC has no proprietary or financial interest in medical or healthcare products over which the FDA (USA) or EMA (EU) has regulatory authority.. NACCME, LLC assures that all educational materials are reviewed to ensure for the absence of commercial bias, fair balance, scientific objectivity, and levels of evidence. The educational activity will not be influenced by commercial organizations and will not conflict with any other scheduled educational activities.. According to the disclosure policy of NACCME, faculty, editors, managers, and other individuals who are in a position to control content are required to disclose any relevant financial relationships with relevant commercial companies related to this activity. All relevant conflicts of interest that are identified are reviewed for potential conflicts of interest. If a conflict is identified, it is the responsibility of NACCME to initiate a mechanism to resolve the ...
Other Learners: The AUA is not accredited to offer credit to participants who are not MDs or DOs. However, the AUA will issue documentation of participation that states that the activity was certified for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™.. AUA Disclosure Policy: All persons in a position to control the content of an educational activity (i.e., activity planners, presenters, authors) participating in an educational activity provided by the AUA are required to disclose to the provider any relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The AUA must determine if the individuals relationships may influence the educational content and resolve any conflicts of interest prior to the commencement of the educational activity. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent individuals with relevant financial relationships from participating, but rather to provide learners information with which they can make their own judgments.. Resolution of Identified Conflict of Interest: All disclosures ...
On September 17, 1999, 18 year-old Jesse Gelsinger became the first subject in a gene transfer clinical trial to die from a reaction to a recombinant viral vector. Jesse suffered from a deficiency of ornithine-transcarbamylase (OTC), a necessary enzyme, and enrolled in a Phase I dose-escalation trial at the University of Pennsylvania. The clinical trial involved the injection of an adenoviral vector containing the gene. Jesse died after receiving the injection.. Subsequent investigations found that the Principal Investigator was an inventor for the technology used in the trial and held equity in the start-up company to which the technology was licensed. This case brought significant attention to the issue of financial conflicts of interest in research. Additional information about financial conflict of interest can be found on the NIH Conflict of Interest (COI) Page. The HHS regulations governing conflicts of interest, Responsibility of Applicants for Promoting Objectivity in Research for Which ...
Disclosure Policy: As required by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) and in accordance with National Sleep Foundation (NSF) policy, the faculty, staff, and all individuals who are in a position to control the content of this activity are required to disclose to the NSF and to learners any relevant financial relationship(s) of the individual or spouse/partner that have occurred within the last 12 months with any commercial interest(s) whose products or services are related to the CME content. Financial relationships are defined by remuneration in any amount from the commercial interest(s) in the form of grants; research support; consulting fees; salary; ownership interest (e.g., stocks, stock options, or ownership interest excluding diversified mutual funds); honoraria or other payments for participation in speakers bureaus, advisory boards, or boards of directors; or other financial benefits. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent CME planners with ...
AUA Disclosure Policy: All persons in a position to control the content of an educational activity (i.e., activity planners, presenters, authors) participating in an educational activity provided by the AUA are required to disclose to the provider any relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The AUA must determine if the individuals relationships may influence the educational content and resolve any conflicts of interest prior to the commencement of the educational activity. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent individuals with relevant financial relationships from participating, but rather to provide learners information with which they can make their own judgments ...
In accordance with the disclosure policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) and FDA guidelines, it is a policy at the ASN for individuals who are in a position to control the content of an educational activity to disclose to the activity participants: 1) the existence of all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interests or other relationships with the manufacturers of any commercial products/devices, or providers of commercial services, that relate to the content of their presentation/materials, or the commercial contributors of this activity, that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest; for this purpose we consider relationships of the person involved in the CME activity to include financial relationships of a spouse or partner and 2) the identification of a commercial product/device that is unlabeled for use or an investigational use of a product/device not yet approved ...
As required by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) and in accordance with the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) policy, all educational planners, presenters, instructors, moderators, authors, reviewers, and other individuals in a position to control or influence the content of an activity must disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest that have occurred within the past 12 months. All identified conflicts of interest must be resolved and the educational content thoroughly vetted for fair balance, scientific objectivity, and appropriateness of patient care recommendations. It is required that disclosure be provided to the learners prior to the start of the activity. Individuals with no relevant financial relationships must also inform the learners that no relevant financial relationships exist. Learners must also be informed when off-label, experimental/investigational uses of drugs or devices are discussed in ...
Views and Comments solicited Please send your comments to the Dean, ICSI-CCGRT at [email protected] or [email protected] by Wednesday, 4th August 2010. EXPOSURE DRAFTGUIDANCE NOTE ON NON-FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES IntroductionOne of the principal underpi
According to the disclosure policy of NACCME, faculty, editors, managers, and other individuals who are in a position to control content are required to disclose any relevant financial relationships with relevant commercial companies related to this activity. All relevant conflicts of interest that are identified are reviewed for potential conflicts of interest. If a conflict is identified, it is the responsibility of NACCME to initiate a mechanism to resolve the conflict(s). The existence of these interests or relationships is not viewed as implying bias or decreasing the value of the presentation.. All educational materials are reviewed for fair balance, scientific objectivity of studies reported, and levels of evidence.. The faculty reported the following:. Dr. R. Jain: Advisory Board: Addrenex, Alkermes, Avanir, Forum, Janssen, Lilly, Lundbeck, Merck, Neos Therapeutics, Neurocrine Biosciences, Otsuka, Pamlab, Pfizer, Shionogi, Shire, Sunovion, Supernus, Takeda, Teva; Consultant: Addrenex, ...
Footnotes. This manuscript has recently been accepted for publication in the European Respiratory Journal. It is published here in its accepted form prior to copyediting and typesetting by our production team. After these production processes are complete and the authors have approved the resulting proofs, the article will move to the latest issue of the ERJ online. Please open or download the PDF to view this article.. Conflict of interest: Dr. EYRIES reports personal fees from Roche Diagnostics France, during the conduct of the study.. Conflict of interest: Dr. NADAUD has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Girerd has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. LEVY has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Bourdin reports grants, personal fees and non-financial support from GSK, grants, personal fees and non-financial support from Astra Zeneca, personal fees and non-financial support from Novartis, grants from MSD, grants and personal fees from Actelion, grants, ...
UC addresses the various aspects of financial conflicts of interests in research through a number of principles, guidelines and policies intended to promote the conduct of research without bias and with the highest scientific and ethical standards.. The University and the Fair Political Practices Commission maintain a list of sponsors that are exempt from the Universitys non-governmental entity financial disclosure requirement.. Contact: Timothy Miller at [email protected] or (510) 987-0647.. ...
The typical conflict of interest arguments that are seen in medicine have to do with financial conflict of interest. If the current reporting database is to be believed they may be considerable. A commentary from Nature earlier this month (5) speaks to the non-financial side of conflicts of interest. The primary focus is on reproducibility as a marker of quality research. They cite the facts that 2/3 of members of the American Society for Cell Biology were unable to reproduce published results and that pharmaceutical researchers were able to reproduce the results from 1/4 or fewer high profile papers. They cite this as the burden of irreproducible research. They touch on what scientific journals have done to counter some of these biases, basically checklists of good design and more statisticians on staff. That may be the case for Science and Nature but what about the raft of online open access journals who not only have a less rigorous review process but in some cases require the authors to ...
Canadian universities are allowing faculty to engage in conflict-of-interest relationships, bring in external lecturers, accept gifts, research funding, and scholarships for their students, she said. Each of these ties to drug companies can contribute to biased understandings and the dissemination of incorrect information on drugs… Furthermore, having affiliations with drug companies is considered a prestigious and acceptable practice by medical students, who are not taught to decode what these relationships mean. ...
In my opinion, a conflict of interest does not disappear overnight. In the present case, I believe that the existence of a 13 year period during which the researcher held a Big Pharma endowed chair position is absolutely relevant today, even though the researcher has resigned that position. I believe that readers deserve to be informed about that 13-year financial relationship between the researcher and the pharmaceutical industry and that this relationship is relevant to the evaluation of potential bias in the conduct and reporting of the research, even though the relationship ceased to exist in early 2010. Thus, I believe that the conflict should continue to be reported and that the investigator has an obligation to inform journal readers of the past financial relationship ...
Non-financial reporting has risen in significance in recent years as the role of stakeholders who are not shareholders has been recognised in corporate governance frameworks. In the UK the strategic reporting provisions of the Companies Act 2006 give effect to this policy. In Part 1 we examined the strategic reports of the FTSE 100 companies from 2015 and 2016 and focused on compliance by companies with nonfinancial reporting requirements. We found that compliance with those requirements was very high, amounting even to super or over-compliance. This article (Part 2 of the project) assesses the quality of non-financial reporting through a series of interviews. It evaluates whether the current regulatory framework on non-financial reporting in the UK informs stakeholders adequately so as to facilitate effective engagement in corporate decision-making. ...
The researchers found that, while 83.3% of clean systematic reviews (with no conflict of interest) concluded that consuming soft drinks was a potential risk for weight gain, 83% of the reviews in which the authors admitted links with the industry gave the result that the scientific evidence for associating such consumption with weight increase was insufficient. These findings, underlined Ms. -Rastrollo, increase concern about the exactitude of the results from research financed by the food and drinks industry, although it is true that this research cannot evaluate which available interpretation is correct. In any case, this concern is supported by random and controlled trials amongst both children and adults, and in which a risk association between the consumption of soft drinks and weight gain was observed. The researchers from the University of Navarra point out that for authors stating they do not have a conflict of interest, systematic reviews financed by the drinks or sugar industry ...
In accordance with the ACCME Accreditation Criteria, the American College of Surgeons must ensure that anyone in a position to control the content of the educational activity has disclosed all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. Therefore, it is mandatory that both the program planning committee and speakers complete disclosure forms. Individuals were required to disclosure all commercial relationships prior to their participation in the activity. The ACCME defines a commercial interest as any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services consumed by, or used on, patients. It does not consider providers of clinical service directly to patients to be commercial interests. The ACCME considers relevant financial relationships as financial transactions (in any amount) that may create a conflict of interest and occur within the 12 months preceding the time that the individual is being asked to assume a role controlling content ...
More than a year ago, Ned Feder, former National Institutes of Health researcher and now staff scientist at the linkurl:Project on Government Oversight,;http://www.pogo.org/index.shtml wrote in a linkurl:letter;http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/43576/ appearing in the __The Scientist__ that NIH-funded scientists have been filing financial disclosure statements within their own institutions. However, their disclosure statements are kept secret, within each institution.
Physicians: Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences designates this live activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.. Disclosure Declarations. Peter Nigro, MD, MPH & Ryan Graff, CIH have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.. Speakers are required to disclose discussion of off-label/investigational uses of commercial products/devices in their presentation. These disclosures will be made to the audience at the time of the activity.. Planning Committee:. Drs. Howard Kipen, Michael Pratt (Content Reviewer) and Mitchel Rosen have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.. . ...
Industry provides essential funding but can present researchers with a conflict of interest, argues David Weatherall. For vice-chancellors of impoverished universities, the growing links between academia and industry and the resulting sources of income must be welcome. The situation is equally attractive to academics who see it as a way of augmenting their miserable pay. But the increasing pressures on universities to move in this direction from government funding bodies are presenting problems that could have serious implications. Nowhere are these stresses and strains more evident than in biomedical research. Recently, the New England Journal of Medicine, which justly prides itself on its particularly tough conflict-of-interest guidelines, had to apologise publicly for falling standards over the past few years. An internal inquiry disclosed that nearly half the 40 articles on drug therapy published since 1997 were written by authors with serious conflicts of interest based on their ...
The Stark Law, you should know, generally prohibits physicians from referring Medicare patients for certain designated health services to entities with which the physician (or immediate family members) has a financial relationship (i.e., self-referring), and it prohibits the entity from billing Medicare for services provided pursuant to such prohibited referral.. The financial relationship that a physician might have with an entity can come in many forms: through his/her ownership of an interest in the entity, through employment (i.e., the entity can be the doctors own group practice) or independent contract with the entity, or some other contractual relationship with the entity. A typical example might be a physicians part ownership of a laboratory facility to which he refers a patient. Or, instead, perhaps the physician is the medical director of the lab to which he refers a patient. Or, the physician leases space, as landlord, to the lab.. The designated health services covered by Stark ...
USOC President LeRoy Walker has dropped the organizations conflict-of-interest issue regarding the selection of a new President. The matter will not be on the Executive Boards agenda this weeken
In accordance with the ACCME® Standards for Commercial Support Six, all in control of content must disclose any relevant financial relationships. The following in control of content had no relevant financial relationships to disclose.. Michael Burke, MD, Activity Director. Chris Schulta, NP, Conference Planner ...
However, many initiatives have been taken in the recent years like the new Strategic purchase model with private industry involvement,Defence procurement focus on Indigenous design ,development & manufacturing IDDM,Make in India & Skill India mission .All these need to be implemented effectively.. Similarly recent reports of CAG on Akaash missiles and defence procurement needs to be taken seriously.. India needs to emulate the French model of integrated procurement and acquisition structure.. ...
I have shown you previously that there are any number of ways to set up studies to get the results you are looking for. More specifically, many researchers use a technique commonly known as Data Mining. When researchers mine data, it means that they do their study, and then look at the data to see if there is any conceivable way that it can be twisted to get to the sought after end point. Oh; I see. You are one of those people who still believe that scientific research is independent, unbiased, and untainted by financial conflicts of interest. Trust me. With our government so deeply entwined with so-called EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE (HERE is one such example), and drug companies always looking for new ways to cash in, it is difficult to trust anyone anymore. Science is bought and paid for by the highest bidder. Mostly it is whatever he who has the most cash says it is. Dont believe me? Check out the link on EBM above ...
A recent article in JAMA Internal Medicine concludes that between 1997 and 2012, financial conflicts of interest were ubiquitous in determinations that an additive to food was generally regarded as safe (GRAS). The lack of independent review in GRAS determinations raises concerns about the integrity of the process and whether it ensures the safety of…
Chris Aiken, MD. Dr. Aiken is the director of the Mood Treatment Center in North Carolina, where he maintains a private practice combining medication and therapy along with evidence-based complementary and alternative treatments. He has worked as a research assistant at the NIMH and a sub-investigator on clinical trials, and conducts research on a shoestring budget out of his private practice ...
Disclosure Statement of Financial Interest I, Carlo Briguori DO NOT have a financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with one or more organizations that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest in the context of the subject of this presentation. This is the Bulleted List slide. To create this particular slide, click the NEW SLIDE button on your toolbar and choose the BULLETED LIST format. (Top row, second from left) The Sub-Heading and footnote will not appear when you insert a new slide. If you need either one, copy and paste it from the sample slide. If you choose not to use a Sub-Heading, let us know when you hand in your presentation for clean-up and well adjust where the bullets begin on your master page. Also, be sure to insert the presentation title onto the BULLETED LIST MASTER as follows: Choose View / Master / Slide Master from your menu. Select the text at the bottom of the slide and type in a short version of your presentation title. Click the SLIDE VIEW button in
DEVRY ACCT 444 Week 1 Quiz Updated. Check this A+ tutorial guideline at. http://www.homeworkrank.com/acct-444-devry-university/acct-444-week-1-quiz-updated. For more classes visit. http://www.homeworkrank.com/. ACCT 444 Week 1 Quiz Updated. 1. (TCO 3) The organization that is responsible for providing oversight for auditors of public companies is called the _____. 2. (TCO 1) Which one of the following is not a field work standard?. 3. (TCO 1) Which of the following is not an example of the application of professional skepticism?. 4. (TCO 1) An operational audit has as one of its objectives to. 5. (TCO 1) Which of the following services do not need to be preapproved by the audit committee of an issuer?. 6. (TCO 3) The concept of materiality would be least important to an auditor when considering the. 7. (TCO 3) Independence in auditing means. 8. (TCO 3) The financial interests of which of the following parties would not be included as a direct financial interest of the CPA?. 9. (TCO 1) The phrase ...
This is the first systematic examination of financial conflicts of interest in medicine. Marc Rodwin examines the evolution of those medical practices and institutions that left the profession open to conflicts of interest and makes clear suggestions for reform.
This is essential to confirm that the candidate or office-holder is trustworthy (not hiding anything) and has no financial conflicts of interest. Without this level of visibility, the world today provide to many ways to question and to many ways to hide.
XVIIIe Colloque panquébécois des étudiants et étudiantes de l Institut des sciences mathématiques 15 au 17 mai Mot du comité d organisation Chers participants, C est avec grand plaisir que nous
ACP Internist and American College of Physicians Internal medicine physicians are specialists who apply scientific knowledge and clinical expertise to the diagnosis, treatment, and compassionate care of adults across the spectrum from health to complex illness. ACP Internist provides news and information for internists about the practice of medicine and reports on the policies, products and activities of ACP. All published material, which is covered by copyright, represents the views of the contributor and does not reflect the opinion of the American College of Physicians or any other institution unless clearly stated. ...
Most important medical journals have conflict of interest disclosure policies, but barely half require individual disclosure from every author, and the details on what to disclose vary considerably, r
Portugal - Private sector debt: debt securities: Consolidated Non-financial corporations was 15.50 % of GDP in December of 2020, according to the EUROSTAT. Historically, Portugal - Private sector debt: debt securities: Consolidated Non-financial corporations reached a record high of 20.60 % of GDP in December of 2012 and a record low of 6.30 % of GDP in December of 1995. Trading Economics provides the current actual value, an historical data chart and related indicators for Portugal - Private sector debt: debt securities: Consolidated Non-financial corporations - last updated from the |a href=https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat target=blank>EUROSTAT|/a> on September of 2021.
Hungary - Private sector credit flow: debt securities: Non-financial corporations was 1.60 % of GDP in December of 2020, according to the EUROSTAT. Historically, Hungary - Private sector credit flow: debt securities: Non-financial corporations reached a record high of 1.60 % of GDP in December of 2020 and a record low of -0.70 % of GDP in December of 2015. Trading Economics provides the current actual value, an historical data chart and related indicators for Hungary - Private sector credit flow: debt securities: Non-financial corporations - last updated from the |a href=https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat target=blank>EUROSTAT|/a> on September of 2021.
A new study suggests the revised mental health bible, scheduled for publication in May 2013, is ripe with financial conflicts of interest.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factors to drive clinical practice improvement in a malaysian intensive care unit. T2 - Assessment of organisational readiness using a mixed method approach. AU - Soh, Kim Lam. AU - Davidson, Patricia M.. AU - Leslie, Gavin. AU - Digiacomo, Michelle. AU - Rolley, John X.. AU - Soh, Kim Geok. AU - Rahman, Aisai Bin Abd. PY - 2011/1/1. Y1 - 2011/1/1. N2 - This study assessed organisational readiness and factors to drive clinical practice improvement for VAP, CRBSI and PU in a Malaysian intensive care unit (ICU). A mixed method study approach was undertaken in a 16-bed ICU in regional Malaysia using an environmental scan, key informant interviews, staff surveys, and patient audit to elucidate factors contributing to planning for clinical practice improvement. Measurements of sustainability of practice and regard for the practice environment were assessed using validated measures. An environmental scan demonstrated high patient occupancy and case load. Nineteen percent of ICU ...
A. Statement of Purpose INSIDER TRADING POLICY (To be read in conjunction with the Disclosure Policy) This and Insider Trading Policy (the Policy ) exists to advise all directors, officers, employees and
To date, this blog has not accepted payment in the form of advertisements, sponsored topics or any other exchange of goods or money. Free product and services have not been accepted. Should this change, the Disclosure Policy will be updated and the title changed to indicate the date. Therefore, the appearance or mention of any product or service can be assumed to be a result of my own personal opinion which remains uninfluenced by the potential for financial gain ...
Health Articles: Disclosure Policy - a blog that containing of health articles, also focus on health issues, medicare and all disease
As a security company, keeping our customers safe is Sophoss primary concern. Sophos uses a Secure Development Lifecycle process to integrate security into its products from design, through development and release. However, sometimes vulnerabilities escape detection, or new exploits are released after the product is already on the market.. At Sophos we investigate all received vulnerability reports and implement the best course of action in order to protect our customers.. If you are a security researcher and have discovered a security vulnerability in our products, we appreciate your help in disclosing it to us in a responsible manner.. If you identify a verified vulnerability in compliance with Sophoss Responsible Disclosure Policy, Sophos commits to:. ...
Compensation Disclosure Policy You should always conduct your own investigation (perform due diligence) before buying products or services from anyone via
In accordance with the ACCMEs Accreditation Criteria, the Society of Surgical Oncology must ensure that anyone in position to control the content of this educational activity has disclosed all financial relationships with a commercial interest. All educational planners, authors, reviewers, and other individuals in a position to control or influence the content of this activity were required to disclose all financial relationships with any commercial interest that have occurred within the past 12 months. This includes the disclosure of financial relationships of a spouse or partner. The ACCME considers financial relationships to create conflicts of interest when individuals have both a financial relationship with a commercial interest and the opportunity to affect the content of CME about the products or services of that commercial interest. The ACCME defines a commercial interest as any entity producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing health care goods or services consumed by, or used ...
Previous studies suggest that both motivation and task difficulty expectations activate brain regions associated with cognitive control. However, it remains an open question whether motivational and cognitive determinants of control have similar or dissociable impacts on conflict processing on a neural level. The current study tested the effects of motivation and conflict expectancy on activity in regions related to processing of the target and the distractor information. Participants performed a picture-word interference task in which we manipulated the size of performance-dependent monetary rewards (level of motivation) and the ratio of congruent to incongruent trials within a block (level of conflict expectancy). Our results suggest that motivation improves conflict processing by facilitating task-relevant stimulus processing and task difficulty expectations mainly modulate the processing of distractor information. We conclude that motivation and conflict expectancy engage dissociable control ...
The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai requires that each teacher/contributor or individual in a position to control the content of a CME activity accredited by the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary disclose the existence of any relevant financial interests or other relationships (e.g. paid speaker, employee, paid consultant on a board and/or committee for a commercial company) that would potentially affect the objectivity of activity content. Teachers/Contributors are also asked to make a disclosure that a product is still investigational when an unlabeled use of a commercial product or an investigational use, not yet approved for any purpose, is discussed during an educational activity. The disclosed information in no way presumes to assess the contributors qualifications or suitability. The intention is to provide full disclosure of any potential conflict of interest, real or apparent, which is related to a specific educational activity. Individuals who neglect to provide information ...
Under the PID Act, every Australian Government agency must appoint authorised officers to handle public interest disclosures. Disclosures can also be made to a supervisor or manager, who must pass it to an authorised officer.. AIHW authorised officers are:. Mr Andrew ...
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has decided to give the public another month to weigh in on the tightened financial reporting requirements that it proposed in May for its extramural investigators.. The Department of Health and Human Services, NIHs parent agency, announced on Friday that the public comment period for the proposed rules changes, which was to have ended on 20 July, has been extended to 19 August. Among other things, NIH is asking commentators whether it should clarify how the new rules would apply when an investigator changes institutions.. The request is significant because it follows this June article in the Chronicle of HIgher Education documenting how psychiatrist Charles Nemeroff evaded a two-year ban on applying for NIH grants by taking a new job as chair of psychiatry at the University of Miami. Nemeroff had been demoted by Emory University in Atlanta and banned from seeking NIH grants for at least two years, after he was found to have flouted financial ...
Assisted reproductive technology is a highly profitable global industry, with fertility clinics increasingly being regarded as an attractive investment option.
The fake Willie Soon controversy comes back to bite Harvard in the rear.. Heres the original story that broke on JunkScience.com this morning.. Below is Lord Moncktons letter to Harvard (Click image to enlarge). Click here for PDF version.. ...
AUA Disclosure Policy: All persons in a position to control the content of an educational activity (i.e., activity planners, presenters, authors) participating in an educational activity provided by the AUA are required to disclose to the provider any relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. The AUA must determine if the individuals relationships may influence the educational content and resolve any conflicts of interest prior to the commencement of the educational activity. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent individuals with relevant financial relationships from participating, but rather to provide learners information with which they can make their own judgments ...
A. SHARP staff will provide training on this policy to all L&I research investigators working on PHS funded research.. 1. Training will include:. a. Review of this policy, the investigators financial disclosure requirements, and the Federal Regulation (42 CFR, Part 50, Subpart F).. b. Review state ethics laws and L&I policies mandating the absence of financial conflicts of interests related to work responsibilities in state employment.. 2. Training will occur immediately on implementation of this policy, when an investigator is new to L&I, when L&I updates this policy, and when an investigator is not in compliance with this policy.. 3. Training will be refreshed every four years.. 4. SHARP will maintain a training log documenting the dates when research investigators received training related to this policy.. B. All PHS funded research investigators (and those of the research investigators spouse and dependent children) must disclose all significant financial interests (SFI) that meet or exceed ...
I recently blogged about the outside financial interests of our frontbench - blogging that attracted quite a lot of media coverage yesterday. I was called by a member of the shadow cabinet who mistakenly assumed I was opposed to MPs...
The faculty, committee members, and staff who are in position to control the content of this activity are required to disclose to the Endocrine Society and to learners any relevant financial relationship(s) of the individual or spouse/partner that have occurred within the last 12 months with any commercial interest(s) whose products or services are related to the CME content. Financial relationships are defined by remuneration in any amount from the commercial interest(s) in the form of grants; research support; consulting fees; salary; ownership interest (e.g., stocks, stock options, or ownership interest excluding diversified mutual funds); honoraria or other payments for participation in speakers bureaus, advisory boards, or boards of directors; or other financial benefits. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent CME planners with relevant financial relationships from planning or delivery of content, but rather to provide learners with information that allows them to make their own ...
The faculty, committee members, and staff who are in position to control the content of this activity are required to disclose to the Endocrine Society and to learners any relevant financial relationship(s) of the individual or spouse/partner that have occurred within the last 12 months with any commercial interest(s) whose products or services are related to the CME content. Financial relationships are defined by remuneration in any amount from the commercial interest(s) in the form of grants; research support; consulting fees; salary; ownership interest (e.g., stocks, stock options, or ownership interest excluding diversified mutual funds); honoraria or other payments for participation in speakers bureaus, advisory boards, or boards of directors; or other financial benefits. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent CME planners with relevant financial relationships from planning or delivery of content, but rather to provide learners with information that allows them to make their own ...
The faculty, committee members, and staff who are in position to control the content of this activity are required to disclose to the Endocrine Society and to learners any relevant financial relationship(s) of the individual or spouse/partner that have occurred within the last 12 months with any commercial interest(s) whose products or services are related to the CME content. Financial relationships are defined by remuneration in any amount from the commercial interest(s) in the form of grants; research support; consulting fees; salary; ownership interest (eg, stocks, stock options, or ownership interest excluding diversified mutual funds); honoraria or other payments for participation in speakers bureaus, advisory boards, or boards of directors; or other financial benefits. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent CME planners with relevant financial relationships from planning or delivery of content, but rather to provide learners with information that allows them to make their own ...
As a sponsor accredited by the ACCME, it is the policy of PER® to ensure fair balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor in all of its CME activities. In compliance with ACCME guidelines, PER® requires everyone who is in a position to control the content of a CME activity to disclose all relevant financial relationships with commercial interests. The ACCME defines relevant financial relationships as financial relationships in any amount occurring within the past 12 months that creates a COI.. Additionally, PER® is required by ACCME to resolve all COI. PER® has identified and resolved all COI prior to the start of this activity by using a multistep process.. ...
A. All Academy Leaders and persons in a position to influence the content of Academy-sponsored CME must submit a Disclosure Form of all financial relationships in any amount and uncompensated interactions with Companies within the previous 12 months prior to their participation in the activity. In the context of this Conflict of Interest policy, CME encompasses the Academys full spectrum of educational activities, including those qualifying for CME credit, as well as the Academys non-credit-bearing educational initiatives, programming and products, including but not limited to ONE Network non-accredited content, practice management resources, quality of care research and publications, and Journal article authorship, selection and review.. B. Members of the Board of Trustees and members of the Committee of Secretaries will be asked to disclose additional information on the Academy Leader Disclosure Form indicating whether their disclosed direct financial relationships with Companies are under ...
Alembic Pharmaceuticals is looking for hiring qualified young professionals who have completed a B. Pharmacy / D. Pharmacy / B.Sc for the position of Medical representatives. The required age limit for this position is 23 years. The interested candidates can directly apply for this position.
24 June 2017 - Medical Representative Jobs in U.A. Biotech Pvt. Ltd. - Jabalpur. Having the Prior experience of minimum 6 Months.Qualification :- Graduate in any discipline.Experience :-
It influences how physicians make decisions and how guideline panels come up with their guidelines, said Brett D. Thombs, of McGill University and the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal, whose findings are published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA ...
Note: At a White House press conference Monday, President Donald Trump announced that he may soon roll back federal guidelines on social distancing that are intended to stem the spread of the coronavirus epidemic. The Washington Post has reported that Trumps
The Guardian The government yesterday announced sweeping changes to the medicines watchdog body after years of criticism and pressure, banning those who sit on its central licensing committee from having any personal or financial interests in pharmaceutical companies. Lord Warner, the health minister, said those who sat on the regulatory body would in future have three months to sell their shares and end their potentially lucrative consultancy agreements with drug companies. As the Guardian revealed last month, many of the doctors and scientists who sit on the present Committee on the Safety of Medicines (CSM), granting drug companies licences to sell medicines, also work as paid consultants to the industry. In 2001, 17 out of 36 members declared personal financial interests in drug companies, while more had indirect interests. When drugs in which they have an interest are discussed, members have to leave the room. Lord Warner yesterday went further than expected with a root and branch excision ...
Note: drug companies have a vested interest in promoting drug, rather than dietary, approaches to LDL-lowering.. Comment: Conflicts of interest do not necessarily mean that the results of the study were manipulated or wrong. They do mean that the methods and results require more than the usual level of scrutiny. Sponsored studies almost invariably produce results consistent with the sponsors economic or marketing interests.. Its likely that some industry-sponsored studies produce conclusions contrary to the sponsors interest. If you know of any, please send.. ...
1. Many of the reviews contain lots of factual information that is easily verifiable. We always try to provide an honest and accurate assessment.. 2. The review includes a section that is a subjective summary. This is based on the personal experience of the reviewer.. 3. Attempts are made to establish the general consensus in relation to specific products by reading reviews of those products on other sites, along with user testimonials and we attempt to portray this overall perception in our reviews.. 4. We always provide links to the manufacturers website to provide additional information that is not available in our reviews. Some of this information can include customer testimonials, more specific product details, sales information, free newsletters and even samples.. These are good rules of practice. It is important for you as a consumer to understand the relationship between a person reviewing the product and the manufacturer. ...
As we want all the information on Hypertension Solutions to be as accurate as possible we pass the responsibility of researching and writing the articles on Hypertension Solutions to real Doctors and the name of the Doctor that has researched and written the article will be at the bottom of each article.. ...
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet a-z. An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European 0-9. The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ASCII characters (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of Unicode characters that provides the basis for IDNs. The hostname rule requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen -. The Unicode form of an IDN therefore ...
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Each speaker is required to disclose any relevant financial relationships at least six weeks prior to the scheduled presentation date. Speakers refusing to disclose relevant financial relationships will be disqualified from any involvement in the activity. Disclosures are published in the activity materials and are also presented in a PowerPoint slide prior to each presentation. NFID is committed to resolving all conflicts of interest prior to the educational activity being delivered to participants. In advance of the activity, conflicts of interest may be resolved by either altering control over content or independent peer review and validation of content to verify scientific basis and integrity. Actions that resolve conflicts of interest include: revised faculty assignment; non-conflicted external review of content; peer review of content by planning committee; and best available evidence used in presentation ...
It is the policy of Evolve that faculty and other individuals who are in the position to control the content of this activity disclose any real or apparent conflict of interests relating to the topics of this educational activity. Evolve has full policies in place that will identify and resolve all conflicts of interest prior to this educational activity.. The following faculty/staff members have the following financial relationships with commercial interests:. Kenneth Beckman, MD, and/or spouse has had a financial agreement or affiliation during the past year with the following commercial interests in the form of Consultant: Carl Zeiss Meditec.. Zaina Al-Mohtaseb, MD, and/or spouse has had a financial agreement or affiliation during the past year with the following commercial interests in the form of Consultant: Alcon, Bausch + Lomb, Carl Zeiss Meditec, CorneaGen, and Ocular Therapeutix.. The Evolve staff and planners have no financial relationships with commercial interests.. Nisha Mukherjee, ...
"Conflicts of interest in science-based medicine". Science-Based Medicine.. *^ Hall HA (27 April 2011). "Conflicts of interest" ... Conflicts of interest. Some commentators have said that special consideration must be given to the issue of conflicts of ... "Conflicts of Interest in Alternative Medicine". Skeptical Inquirer. 35 (4).. *^ Gorski D (16 November 2009). " ... In conflict with the paradigm of evidence-based medicine.[51] Many naturopaths have opposed vaccination,[52] and "scientific ...
... a personal interest conflicting or which possibly may conflict, with the interests of those whom he is bound to protect... So ... "Conflict of duty and interest"[edit]. As fiduciaries, the directors may not put themselves in a position where their interests ... even where the conflict of interest or conflict of duty is purely hypothetical, the directors can be forced to disgorge all ... The aim is to prevent a conflict of interest and too much power being concentrated in the hands of one person. There is a ...
In a letter to The New York Times, the lack of a clear declaration as to conflict of interest in op-eds was criticized by a ... Possible conflicts of interest[edit]. A concern about how to clearly disclose the ties in the op-eds arises because the readers ... It occurred to me that nothing is more interesting than opinion when opinion is interesting, so I devised a method of cleaning ... of the media cannot be expected to know all about the possible connections between op-eds, editors and interest groups funding ...
Conflicts of interest[edit]. Other, long-standing controversies underscore the role for conflicts of interest among medical ... reported concern that his colleague's financial conflicts of interest could negatively affect patient care or research into new ... In the absence of a proxy, the medical practitioner is expected to act in the patient's best interests until a proxy can be ... List exemplifies the potential dilemma that can result: "if one were interested in exploring whether, and to what extent, race ...
Conflict of interest dangers[edit]. A 2011 study done to disclose possible conflicts of interests in underlying research ... Bekelman JE, Li Y, Gross CP (2003). "Scope and impact of financial conflicts of interest in biomedical research: a systematic ... 132 of the 509 RCTs reported author conflict of interest disclosures, with 91 studies (69%) disclosing industry financial ties ... "How Well Do Meta-Analyses Disclose Conflicts of Interests in Underlying Research Studies , The Cochrane Collaboration". ...
Conflicts of interest in organizations[edit]. Some critics say that breast cancer awareness has transformed the disease into a ... Some corporate sponsors are criticized for having a conflict of interest. For example, some of the prominent sponsors of these ... Breast cancer awareness campaigns have been criticized for minimizing risks of screening programs, conflicts of interest, and a ... they refuse funding from any group that may have a conflict of interest, such as pharmaceutical companies, medical imaging ...
Conflict of interest policy[edit]. Hello, Wjfox2005. We welcome your contributions to Wikipedia, but if you are affiliated with ... For information on how to contribute to Wikipedia when you have a conflict of interest, please see our frequently asked ... you may need to consider our guidance on conflicts of interest.. All editors are required to comply with Wikipedia's neutral ... Interesting comments you make - I do agree there is contention that London / New York vie for "lead financial center of the ...
Diebold and Kenneth Blackwell's conflict of interest[edit]. Ohio State Senator Jeff Jacobson, Republican, asked Ohio Secretary ... critics of Diebold and/or the Republican party interpreted this as at minimum an indication of a conflict of interest, at worst ... recuse himself from the investigation due to conflicts of interest, but Blackwell did not do so.[41] ... financial manager at Credit Suisse First Boston who had violated his instructions to avoid potential conflict of interest, ...
Suggested conflicts of interest[edit]. Until December 2009, Lansley received £134 an hour from a firm of advertisers that ... leading to allegations of a conflict of interest.[29] Such companies stand to be the largest beneficiaries of Lansley's bill ... Lobbyist clients of Low Associates personnel have previously worked for a variety of companies including those with an interest ...
Conflicts of interest and unfavorable studies[edit]. In response to specific cases in which unfavorable data from ... Similarly, competition for tenured academic positions, government grants and prestige create conflicts of interest among ... On the other hand, investigators often have a financial interest in recruiting subjects, and could act unethically to obtain ... For example, the applicant must disclose whether an investigator owns equity in the sponsor, or owns proprietary interest in ...
Conflicts of interest[edit]. Because ESOPs are the only retirement plans allowed by law to borrow money, they can be attractive ... Company insiders face additional conflicts of interest in connection with an ESOP's purchase of company stock, which most often ... Each worker-member buys a membership interest at a fixed price, or buys a share. Only workers can be members, but cooperatives ... In order to incentivize bank lending to ESOPs, the law includes a 50% exclusion from income tax for interest paid on ESOP loans ...
SR Rule XXXVII: Conflict of Interest. *SR Rule XXXVIII: Prohibition of Unofficial Office Accounts ...
"ALLEGED CONFLICT OF INTEREST BY FORMER NRC COMMISSIONER (CASE NO. 07-63)" (PDF). Project on Government Oversight. September 17 ... "Legal conflicts of interest of the revolving door". Journal of Macroeconomics. 52: 175-188.. ... Nuclear opponent[105] Eisaku Sato, governor of Fukushima Prefecture from 1988-2006, said a conflict of interest is responsible ... When regulatory capture occurs, a special interest is prioritized over the general interests of the public, leading to a net ...
Griffith's fields of academic interest include cultural psychiatrist and ethnic identity; racial conflict; forensic psychiatry ...
S, Barrie (29 September 2016). "Is the ICC Reconsidering its Policy on the "Interests of Justice"?". Justice in Conflict. ... 35 that apply to international armed conflicts and 21 that apply to non-international armed conflicts. Such crimes include ... While NGOs look to mold the ICC to satisfy the interests and priorities that they have worked for since the early 1990s, they ... "Policy Paper on the Interest of Justice". Icc-cpi.int. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2016 ...
"Conflict of Interest". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 31 March 2011. McQueen, p229. "Stevens v. Canada (Attorney General ... He was forced to resign from Cabinet in 1986 after allegations of conflict of interest. In December 1987, a special commission ... In voiding the definition of conflict of interest, the judge found that Stevens's behaviour did not violate the guidelines that ... The court ruled that Parker's definition of conflict of interest exceeded that of the guidelines governing ministers in the ...
"Conflict of Interest?". UWeekly. October 12, 2005. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved June 27, 2007. 1870 ...
Conflict of Interests. Sources "Conflict of Interests May Endanger the Merger between SPLA and SSDF". Sudan Vision. January 29 ...
"Conflict of interest? DA accepted $10,000 donation from Fremont cops while investigating them". East Bay Times. 2018-03-20. ...
Conflict of interest. Company needs to know every level of information that goes through the product line in order to monitor ...
Conflict of Interest. Local industrialists issue a broadside against multinationals. Asiaweek. Retrieved 2 March 2007. FDI in ... He was a versatile thinker with interests in a variety of subjects (other than politics) such as literature and computer ... Meredith Weiss (25 June 2002). "The Jammu & Kashmir Conflict" (PDF). Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 14 ...
Murphy may have been in conflict of interest by criticizing opponents of the Alberta oil sands in his Point of view segments ... CBC Ombudsman (12 March 2014). "Conflict of Interest". www.ombudsman.cbc.radio-canada.ca. Archived from the original on 2 April ... "since taking money leads to a perception of a conflict of interest, CBC management might want to consider, in the review they ... did not say whether Murphy's speeches presented a conflict of interest but did conclude that " ...
"Conflict of Interests". The New Yorker. Retrieved Aug 15, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Taylor, Richard W. ( ... is a basic feature of contemporary pluralist and interest-group approaches. His work The Process of Government, published in ...
A complaint regarding conflicts of interest and concerns raised in the consultation was also brushed aside. The school has been ... "Complaint Email , Conflict of Interest , Government". Scribd. http://wiki.apterous.org/Vamsi_Pratapa Camp Hill Boys official ...
However, in a blog post and in a letter to CBC viewers who complained about Lang's alleged RBC conflicts of interest, CBC News ... "Conflict of Interest". 5 July 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Amanda Lang took money ... Other sections which cover the equally important questions about conflict of interest were not released because of obligations ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Amanda Lang Cleared in Conflict of Interest Review". 5 March 2015. Retrieved 18 April ...
Knoll, E. (1993, March). Conflict of interest. Progressive. p. 4. Out/Look, Summer1992, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p 31-34. "Homes and ...
Conflict of interest laws have been used to highlight an array of improper dealings by politicians. For instance, in 2015 an ... "Conflict of Interest". The Canadian Encyclopedia. December 15, 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2019. "Conservative minister Diane ... All levels of governments enforce conflict of interest laws for civil servants and politicians. The laws generally require ... "Government Services Minister Diane Finley breached conflict-of-interest rules by giving preferential treatment and federal ...
This is a conflict of interest.. - House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi 2004. ...
Conflict-of-interest editing on Wikipedia. *Congressional controversies in the United States ...
"Conflicts of Interest". David J. Eagle. J. Michael Straczynski. May 5, 1997 (1997-05-05). 412. ... Conflict develops between the Babylon 5 command staff and the Psi Corps, an increasingly autocratic organization which oversees ... A conflict arises between Psi-Corps and a group of rogue telepaths that are seeking their own homeworld after learning that the ... The adventures of a crew of Rangers, who are called upon to escort a group of diplomats and end up in conflict with a dangerous ...
There is considerable public interest in the contents of pesticide registration studies, which has led to conflict over public ... These competing interests as well as legislation addressing access has been covered separately under Pesticide regulation in ... Pesticide Use and Water Quality: Are the Laws Complementary or in Conflict ...
In addition to conflicts between his Spanish and German inheritances, conflicts of religion would be another source of tension ... It was thus increasingly in the king's own interest to strengthen the power of the territories, since the king profited from ... The conflict between several papal claimants (two anti-popes and the "legitimate" Pope) ended only with the Council of ... When Bohemians rebelled against the Emperor, the immediate result was the series of conflicts known as the Thirty Years' War ( ...
... interests always are in conflict with those of employers. Some of these Christian unions have had some ties to centrist or ... The Politics of West German Trade Unions: Strategies of Class and Interest Representation in Growth and Crisis (Routledge, 2016 ... Two conflicting views of the trade-union movement strove for ascendancy in the nineteenth century: one the defensive- ... The engineers association Verein Deutscher Ingenieure does not strive to act as a union, as it also represents the interests of ...
The late Brian Crozier describes in his memoirs "Free Agent" that he was not allowed to disseminate his writings of "Conflict ... "To understand, inform and influence foreign publics in promotion of the national interest." Drop the word "understand" and you ... I'd be interested to hear them. Sandstein 17:11, 27 September 2016 (UTC) That there's money to be made by buying these content ... in advancing his or her nation's interest. -Preceding unsigned comment added by 70.144.190.115 (talk • contribs) ...
The interest view is used to distinguish whose interests we are required to take into consideration. Besides the interest view ... These chapters discuss abortion, the legal status of the fetus, maternal-fetal conflict, fetal research, and embryo research. ... These reasons do not stem from their interests, since they do not have any interests of their own, and so are not "golden-rule ... "interest view," the idea that all and only beings who have interests have moral status. ...
Occult interest[edit]. While he followed Paracelsus in his medical views rather than the ancient authorities, he was also a ... This view later brought Fludd into conflict with Johannes Kepler. Mystical theory of nature[edit]. Tripartite division of ... Oxford influenced Fludd's interest in studying medicine.[2] During Fludd's time at St John's College, the Medical Fellow in ... was a prominent English Paracelsian physician with both scientific and occult interests. He is remembered as an astrologer, ...
The origins of the Maʻdān are still a matter of some interest. British colonial ethnographers found it difficult to classify ...
... plans for armed conflict were complete, with the war to begin in the North-West Zone and then spread to other regions.[144] As ... Pol Pot had a nationalistic attitude and displayed little interest in events outside Cambodia.[428] He was self-righteous,[432] ... An Introduction to Recording and Estimating Nonmilitary Deaths in Conflict. Oxford University Press. p. 238. ISBN 9780199977314 ... "a friend with a conflict".[191] Pol Pot ordered the internment of many of the Khmer Rouge who had spent time in North Vietnam ...
If Dion becomes PM, add the news, but as of now, this isn't "international interest." --Howard the Duck 03:03, 3 December 2006 ... third edit conflict) Please stop referring to that entry at every single new proposal. And please, do stop calling them hoes. ... Unfortunately, this appears to be a story of only Canadian interest. -- tariqabjotu 00:49, 3 December 2006 (UTC) *It's nearly ... The problem, as I see it, is this: you are using a Google news search as evidence that this is a story of global interest but ...
Armed conflicts. *Military modernization. *Military reform since 2015 *CMC Leading Group for Military Reform Leader: Xi Jinping ... Party for Public Interest (CZGP). *September 3rd Society (JS). *Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League (TDSGL) ...
Upon what point are orthodox political economy and socialism in absolute conflict? Political economy has held and holds that ... socialism would function without capitalist economic categories-such as money, prices, interest, profits and rent-and thus ... interest, profits and rent - and thus would function according to laws other than those described by current economic science. ... but who accept her only so far as they think she will subserve their own selfish interests, denying her and her blessings to ...
It was the first Ebola outbreak in a military conflict zone, with thousands of refugees in the area.[212][213] By November 2018 ... "Experimental therapies: growing interest in the use of whole blood or plasma from recovered Ebola patients (convalescent ... "Ebola In A Conflict Zone". National Public Radio (NPR). Retrieved 5 August 2018.. ... Reports conflict about who initially coined the name: either Karl Johnson of the American CDC team[164] or Belgian researchers. ...
Personal interests[edit]. The Duke is a capable golfer, playing off a low single-figure handicap.[106] He was Captain of the ... and the Cabinet desired that Prince Andrew be moved to a desk job for the duration of the conflict. The Queen, though, insisted ... While touring India as a part of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee in 2012,[45] Andrew became interested in the work of Women's ... "When I was at the Foreign Office it was very difficult to see in whose interests he [the Duke] was acting. He doesn't exactly ...
Such approaches pose a conflict of interest between protecting women and achieving the integration of trans women.[1]:287-290, ... In most jurisdictions, local governments have the ability to pass ordinances, so long as they do not conflict with state law. ...
Geesink's name was cleared by the IOC which nevertheless issued him a warning for the appearance of a conflict of interest ... Active Interest Media, Inc. March 1964. p. 27.. *^ Black Belt Vol. 1, No. 3. Active Interest Media, Inc. April 1962. pp. 7, 64. ...
JEL: G12 - Asset pricing; Trading volume; Bond interest rates. JEL: G13 - Contingent pricing; Futures Pricing. JEL: G14 - ... JEL: F51 - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions. JEL: F52 - National Security; Economic Nationalism. JEL: F53 - ... JEL: Q34 - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts. JEL: Q33 - Resource Booms. JEL: Q38 - Government Policy ...
Because RAN submarines operate from a remote location at HMAS Stirling, and because some of Australia's strategic interests are ... the need to sustain submarine operations in any conflict, and the greater deterrent an increased submarine force would provide. ... the Australian Labor Party has a greater interest in supporting local shipbuilding than Abbott's Coalition government, while a ...
This article is of interest to the following WikiProjects:. WikiProject Estonia. (Rated Start-class, High-importance). Estonia ...
... conflict with the values of the individual patient, family, or larger non-medical community. Conflicts can also arise between ... beneficence - a practitioner should act in the best interest of the patient. (Salus aegroti suprema lex.) ... but provide a useful framework for understanding conflicts. When moral values are in conflict, the result may be an ethical ... It is to likely focus on areas of interest highlighted in the medical history and may not include everything listed above. ...
Their dire situation was exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts.[10] The divisions and troubles of the American ... In the suit titled "The Delaware Nation v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" the plaintiffs acting as the successor in interest and ... to take in the conflict. Their bands lived in numerous villages around their main village of Coshocton.[55] At the time of the ... and recurrent violent racial conflict with Europeans. Iroquoian peoples occasionally fought the Lenape. As the 18th century ...
Also interesting that you broke up my comment, like I suspected you would after I mentioned the RfC about breaking up comments ... I think the tempers are running too hot right now for any attempt to re-address this pseudo-conflict in the short term to be ... I'm not interested in continuing this MOS discussion, and I also recognize that you are more involved with MOS content than I ... Interesting that you call it "just repetition" since I consider your comments in this section "just repetition" as well. ...
... smoke-free laws and which were funded by tobacco companies have been delegitimised because of the obvious conflict of interest. ... reports in the popular press after smoking bans have been enacted often present conflicting accounts as regards perceptions of ... suggest that the basic institutions of private property rights and contractual freedom are capable of resolving conflicts ...
One supportive example has concerned his interest in the plight of auto workers in Detroit. This one interest among others can ... Inboden, William C (2014). "The Prophetic Conflict: Reinhold Niebuhr, Christian Realism, and World War II". Diplomatic History ... "Political realism" in foreign policy emphasizes national interest and is opposed to "idealism". See Michael Doyle, Ways of War ... We went through one of the big automobile factories to-day.... The foundry interested me particularly. The heat was terrific. ...
This led to an internal conflict within the chiropractic profession, which continues today."[4] Chiropractors, including D.D. ... two-thirds of American adults agree that chiropractors have their patient's best interest in mind and more than half also agree ... Numerous controlled clinical studies of treatments used by chiropractors have been conducted, with conflicting results.[4] ... with conflicting results.[4] Research published by chiropractors is distinctly biased.[4] For reviews of SM for back pain ...
There are conflicting accounts of his discovery because Röntgen had his lab notes burned after his death, but this is a likely ... Contrast radiography uses a radiocontrast agent, a type of contrast medium, to make the structures of interest stand out ... Contrary to advice that emphasises only conducting radiographs when in the patient's interest, recent evidence suggests that ... NIST's XAAMDI: X-Ray Attenuation and Absorption for Materials of Dosimetric Interest Database ...
He continued an interest in humanitarian aid through the Leonard Cheshire Centre for Conflict Relief and he worked in Sri Lanka ...
The gold rush in 1849 stimulated worldwide interest in prospecting for gold, and led to new rushes in Australia, South Africa, ... Military conflicts. *Battle of the Alamo. *Battle of Glorieta Pass. *Battle of the Little Bighorn ...
The region between and including B8 and DR3 bears a number of genes of interest in the study of human disease. Most important ... A German study found that risk was more associated with B8 than DQ2, these conflicting results indicate that there are at least ... The SNP analysis of the haplotype suggests a potential founding affect of 20,000 years within Europe, though conflicts in ... These two functional class I molecules are expressed on intestinal interocytes and may have interest in autoimmune disease, ...
Although such deadlines were seldom met, it was a point of potential conflict. He also agreed to allow the brotherhood to ... French art critics Zacharie Astruc and Paul Lefort helped to promote a widespread revival of interest in his painting. In the ... Philip took a close interest in his artistic commissions, and had very decided tastes; a long sought-after sculpted Crucifixion ...
A conflict of interest exists even if no unethical or improper act results. A conflict of interest can create an appearance of ... Conflict-of-interest editing on Wikipedia Conflicts of interest in academic publishing Corruption Duty to defend Ethics ... The presence of a conflict of interest is independent of the occurrence of inappropriateness. Therefore, a conflict of interest ... it is virtually impossible to avoid having conflicts of interest from time to time. A conflict of interest can, however, become ...
It appears that President Dmitry Medvedev was serious when he proposed on Wednesday that government officials be removed from the board of directors of state companies.
MISCELLANEOUS NOTES Turner Classic Movies Conflict of Interest at IMDb Conflict of Interest at Rotten Tomatoes. ... Conflict of Interest is a 1993 independent crime action film directed by Gary Davis. In Los Angeles, Mickey Flannerys wife ... Conflict of Interest, Turner Classic Movies, retrieved 2013-02-13. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) ... He has investigated a car ring deal, but the captain has no interest in it, because it has no connection to homicide. Mickey is ...
... every district employee would file a conflict-of-interest disclosure form at the start of their employment. ... What is a conflict of interest?. Arizona law requires that public officers and employees avoid conflicts of interest that might ... Under a proposed policy, every district employee would file a conflict-of-interest disclosure form at the start of their ... Under the proposed policy, every district employee would file a conflict-of-interest disclosure form at the start of their ...
Elizabeth Warren and other Democrats fear Carl Icahns role as a special adviser to President Trump poses a conflict of ... interest. Icahn told CNNMoney those claims are completely ridiculous and insisted he doesnt talk to Donald that often. ... Critics hold up CVR Energy, (CVI) which Icahn owns 82% of, as the best example of this conflict of interest problem. ... But Icahn dismissed the conflict-of-interest fuss. "We vetted this with the lawyers a number of times. I think the criticism is ...
Privacy Office and Office of Regulations , Pages , 18-005-Conflict-of-Interest-Code ... DPH-18-005 Conflict of Interest Code. Sections Affected. California Code of Regulations: Title 22 ... Person Interested In. *. Infant and Child Health. *. Mens Health. *. Senior Health. *. Womens Health.
... of interest with grantors, investigators or institutions. The NCCN ORP has a Conflict of Interest Policy that sets forth ... NCCN ORP Conflict of Interest Policy. Integrity, objectivity, and absence of self-dealing are essential at all levels and in ... Members of the NCCN ORP scientific committees may face real or apparent conflicts ... principles and procedures to ensure that the personal financial and professional interests of scientific committee members do ...
Addition to Tools for Societies: A review of conflicts of interest, competing interests, and bias for toxicologists, LD Claxton ... Scientific Society Offers Guidelines and Plans Education Campaign on Conflicts of Interest, Chronicle Daily News, July 17, 2006 ... FASEB creates Toolkit to implement Conflict of Interest Framework, ORI Newsletter, September 2007. ... increase in number and complexity of these relationships has been accompanied by concerns about financial conflicts of interest ...
This policy is intended to prevent personal or organizational conflict of interests in the award and administration of EPA ... the impartiality of an individual or non-Federal entity because their self-interest conflicts, or may conflict, with their duty ... Organizational conflicts of interest means that because of relationships with a parent company, affiliate, or subsidiary ... Conflict of Interest (COI): An actual or potential situation that undermines, or may undermine, ...
... a person who has a financial interest may have a conflict of interest only if the Board decides that a conflict of interest ... Disclosure Regarding Conflicts of Interest. Name:. I have received a copy of the FIRST Conflict of Interest Policy. I have read ... 3. Procedures for Addressing the Conflict of Interest. *An interested person may make a presentation at the governing board or ... A financial interest is not necessarily a conflict of interest. Under Article III, Section 2, ...
Conflict of interest. UC addresses the various aspects of financial conflicts of interests in research through a number of ... Conflict-of-interest policy for PHS-funded research PDF August 23, 2012. Policy on the disclosure of financial interests and ... Conflict-of-interest policy and compendium of specialized university policies, guidelines and regulations related to conflict- ... Policy on disclosure of financial interests and management of conflicts of interest related to sponsored projects. ...
Conflict of Interest. It is the policy of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Programs in the School of Health ... that is in conflict with the proper discharge of their duties. ...
See an archive of all conflicts of interest stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, ... But, as it turns out, its also a hulking mass of conflicts of interest. For the last year or so, every time the paper so much ... Foreign Diplomats Are Apparently Lining Up to Do Business at Trumps D.C. HotelThe conflict of interest between Trumps ... A better plan to address conflicts of interest will make his presidency stronger. ...
March 19th, 2010 by Ben Goldacre in bad science, big pharma, competing interests, conflict of interest, doing nothing, evidence ... I don’t write about stories where someone has a conflict of interest, in general, because there are no interesting scientific ... December 17th, 2013 by Ben Goldacre in badpharma, competing interests, conflict of interest, publication bias, regulating ... March 5th, 2011 by Ben Goldacre in bad science, big pharma, conflict of interest, publication bias , 17 Comments » ...
Built to help you manage risks through conflict of interest, code of conduct or cybersecurity questionnaires and more. ...
A fundamental conflict of interest has been identified by researchers at the University of York, the Institute of Psychiatry, ... Alcohol policy conflict of interest. A fundamental conflict of interest has been identified by researchers at the University of ... "Harm reduction as a concept applied to alcohol policy has so far served the interests of corporations, rather than public ...
Netanyahu worried about the specter of intense US interest in a solution; negotiations are expected to be announced during ... Netanyahu wary of Trumps interest in solving Israeli-Palestinian conflict. With no congressional impediments to peace ... Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is concerned about President Trumps growing interest in the Israeli Palestinian conflict and ... initiatives between the Palestinians and Israelis, Netanyahu worried about the specter of intense US interest in a solution; ...
If you have specific questions regarding our Conflicts of Interest Policy, please contact MD Andersons Office of Research ... Institutional Conflict of Interest: Navire (pdf). *Institutional Conflict of Interest: Novel Anti-Infective Technologies (pdf) ... Conflict of Interest. It is the policy of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MD Anderson) that faculty members ... in conjunction with MD Andersons Conflict of Interest Committee, reviews financial interest disclosures required by this ...
... almost half the guidelines provided no information about conflict of interest.. To maintain that such financial conflicts exert ... Disclosure of conflicts of interest is a widely accepted policy among reputable medical journals. Although disclosure should ... In the interim we will ask guideline developers to send us a detailed disclosure of their conflicts of interest before ... To date we have excluded guidelines from this policy, requiring only disclosure of financial conflicts of interest. We are now ...
It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why they are of ethical concern, and then focuses on the way not-for-profit ... This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. ... This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why ... Davis, M.: 1993, Conflict of Interest Revisited, Business & Professional Ethics Journal 12(4), 21-41.Google Scholar ...
... the issue of the conflict of interest between being an IPCC reviewer and being an active protagonist in the field. Here I ... Conflict of Interest #2. In a previous post, I discussed, in general terms, the issue of the conflict of interest between being ... they generally assume near-perfect behavior by a non-conflicted party. Thus, in my opinion, given the conflict of interest, it ... So here is a very specific example of why it is a good idea to avoid conflicts of interest (as acknowledged by Vranes, Pielke ...
Conflict of Interest Annual Questionnaire on the main website for The OWASP Foundation. OWASP is a nonprofit foundation that ... Conflict of Interest Annual Questionnaire. Annual Conflict of Interest Questionnaire:. 1. Name of director, principal officer, ... and or employee that you have an actual or perceived conflict of interest with due to financial interests directly or ... I have received the OWASP Foundation Conflict of Interest Policy, have read and understand the policy, and agree to comply with ...
The following are examples of situations where a Conflict of Interest exists: 3.1.1. Where a UBC Persons responsibility to ... this constitutes a clear conflict of interest. However, there is a possibility of a perceived conflict of interest even when ... Teaching Assistantship: Conflict of Interest and Tutoring Motivation. UBC policy #97, procedure item 3.1, reads:. 3.1. [...] ... If a perceived conflict of interest is not clear, or if another related issue requires attention, the case should be brought to ...
... a state board says the school failed to alert it about a potential conflict of interest. ... University of Illinois criticized after contract raises conflict of interest concerns. Ray Long and Jodi S. Cohen, Chicago ... Even the perception of such a conflict of interest can create such a level of distrust with an individual, agency or university ... University officials said they thought they had procedures in place to avoid a conflict of interest and did not realize they ...
The Office of the Director is considering updating regulations concerning financial interest, institutional conflict, and ... and broader regulations to address institutional conflicts of interest. "Both the public and the private sectors are deeply ... "Significant Financial Interest"; identification and management of conflicts by institutions; institutional compliance; ... and is particularly interested in hearing opinions about expanding the scope of the regulation and disclosure of interests; the ...
Conflict of Interest Disclosure and Journal Supplements in MEDLINE®: Best Practices. The goal of these best practices for ... Home , Library Catalogs & Services , Fact Sheets , Conflict of Interest Disclosure and Journal Supplements in MEDLINE® ... supplements indexed for MEDLINE is to promote the appropriate disclosure of financial conflicts of interest and to allow ... document any financial relationship that each author has with the sponsoring organization and the for-profit interests the ...
... Panle Jia Barwick, Parag A. Pathak, Maisy Wong. NBER Working Paper No ... "Conflicts of Interest and Steering in Residential Brokerage." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 9 (3): 191-222. DOI ...
Managing Conflicts of Interest. A process where a conflict of interest is managed to ensure probity, transparency of interest ... potential or actual conflict of interest. Conflicts of interest can involve financial or non-financial interests of the staff ... A conflict of interest refers to a situation where a conflict arises for an individual between two competing interests. These ... The Managing Conflicts of Interest in the Public Sector Toolkit suggests six major options for managing conflicts of interest ...
Rothman, K. (1993). Journal Policies on Conflict-Of-Interest. Science, 261(5129), 1661-1661. ...
... or other interests could improperly influence execution of his or her University responsibilities. Conflicts are not inherently ... Conflicts of interest exist when an individuals personal, financial, ... Conflict of Interest. Conflicts of interest exist when an individuals personal, financial, or other interests could improperly ... procedures do not replace the existing Conflict of Interest procedures, but the new procedures cover conflicts of interest in ...
  • The FSCA said in a statement on Tuesday that it found Global had failed to manage conflicts of interest in accordance with the rules when issuing a credit rating in November 2017. (news24.com)
  • Presidential Conflicts of Interest Act of 2017, H.R. 371, 115th Cong. (govtrack.us)
  • Policy on disclosure of financial interests and management of conflicts of interest related to sponsored projects. (ucop.edu)
  • Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is concerned about President Trump's growing interest in the Israeli Palestinian conflict and his desire to reach the "ultimate peace deal" at any cost, according to senior ministers close to Netanyahu. (ynetnews.com)
  • Since the beginning of Trump's presidency, widespread concerns have been raised about the dangers posed by the financial conflicts of interest involving Trump and his administration. (commondreams.org)
  • Both domestically and internationally, Trump's looming interlocking business and presidential interests and obligations are much more substantial than any other U.S. president in history. (upenn.edu)
  • But Trump's maze of business and governing dealings makes conflicts inescapable, and their scale and scope promises to color his judgment to a remarkable degree in much more serious matters, as extensively detailed in a December 13 Newsweek article . (upenn.edu)
  • Despite President Trump's successful jaunt to the Middle East last month, advancing U.S. interests in that part of the world got tougher this week with the breakdown in relations between Qatar and several key regional states, including Saudi Arabia and Egypt. (heritage.org)
  • So there's going to be no real way to tell what Trump's companies are doing and how their goals may intersect or conflict with his administration's policies. (tpr.org)
  • Management of Financial Conflicts of Interest (FCOI) has become a major activity in Compliance Offices across the country as a result of federal rules that require disclosure upon submission of requests for funding. (astate.edu)
  • According to the Department of Health and Human Services, a FCOI may exist if an investigator has a significant financial interest that could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of a research project. (astate.edu)
  • The purpose of this policy is to uphold the highest ethical standards of objectivity in research by identifying and evaluating financial conflicts of interest ("FCOI") that may affect research decisions, transactions and operations at BU and managing them so that important collaborations can be undertaken without compromising integrity. (bu.edu)
  • 1. Conflict of Interest Committee (COI Committee) is an administrative committee composed of members of the administration and, in some cases, members of the faculty and/or others that will review the Covered Individual's disclosures of Significant Financial Interests (SFIs), determine whether a Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) exists, and, if so, develop a Management Plan for the Covered Individual to manage, reduce, or eliminate the FCOI. (buckinstitute.org)
  • 2. Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) will be deemed to exist when the Institute's COI Committee reasonably determines that a Significant Financial Interest disclosed by the Covered Individual could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of Federally Funded Research, with the exception of Research funded through phase I support under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs. (buckinstitute.org)
  • 6. Management of an FCOI means taking action to address the FCOI, including reducing or eliminating the conflict so that the Institute can reasonably expect that the Covered Individual's design, conduct, and reporting of Research will be free from bias. (buckinstitute.org)
  • 7. Management Plan is a written document approved by the COI Committee under which a Covered Individual with an identified FCOI must take steps and follow guidelines, conditions, and/or restrictions to reduce or eliminate the conflict. (buckinstitute.org)
  • In order to be eligible to apply for or receive funding from a U.S. Public Health Service Agency ("PHS Awarding Agency") the University of Guelph and its researchers must comply with U.S. PHS financial conflict of interest (FCOI) regulations . (uoguelph.ca)
  • Vendors file Conflict of Interest Questionnaire Form CIQ, which can be downloaded here or submitted online here . (austintexas.gov)
  • If a form is required, the original Conflict of Interest Questionnaire must be filed with the ESC's Records Administrator. (esc1.net)
  • The Related-Party Transaction Conflict-of-Interest Questionnaire Template will include the policy for reviewing, approving, and reporting related party transactions as well as a questionnaire. (bizmanualz.com)
  • The CFO should collect appropriate information about related party transactions from returned questionnaires, consider and approve or disapprove individual disclosed reporting related party transactions, and complete Section III of the TM1030-1 RELATED PARTY TRANSACTION POLICY AND CONFLICT-OF-INTEREST QUESTIONNAIRE. (bizmanualz.com)
  • The following guidelines provide some examples detailing situations where it is considered a conflict of interest may, or may not, arise or exist. (edu.au)
  • Conflicts of interest can arise out of the fact that a mission of the University is to promote public good by fostering the transfer of knowledge gained through University research and scholarship to the private sector. (uh.edu)
  • Members of the academic community should conduct their affairs so as to avoid or minimize conflicts of interest, and must respond appropriately when apparent conflicts of interest arise. (uh.edu)
  • When possible conflicts of interests arise, we take a hard, close look to ensure that proper policies and guidelines are followed before accepting outside donations. (mercola.com)
  • Finally, the translational research community must participate in the dialogue ongoing in the public and private sectors and help shape the rules that will govern conflicts that arise during the evolution of their research programs. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This course will teach you how to identify, combat and investigate conflicts of interest that arise in businesses and government agencies. (acfe.com)
  • Conflicts of interest exist when an individual's personal, financial, or other interests could improperly influence execution of his or her University responsibilities. (mtu.edu)
  • 2 Conflict of Interest: When an individual's interests are aligned with those of a commercial interest the interests of the individual are in "conflict‟ with the interests of the public. (ameriburn.org)
  • A conflict of interest involves circumstances where an individual's professional actions or decisions at the library could be influenced by considerations of personal gain, usually of a financial nature, as a result of interests outside their library responsibilities (cf. (ala.org)
  • 9. Significant Financial Interest (SFI) means anything of monetary, or potential monetary, value that was received from an entity in the twelve (12) months preceding the disclosure, whether or not the value is readily ascertainable, belonging to the Covered Individual, his or her spouse, and/or his or her dependent children, alone or in combination, that reasonably appears to be related to the Covered Individual's Institutional Responsibilities. (buckinstitute.org)
  • A potential conflict of interest occurs when there is a divergence between an individual's private interests and his or her professional obligations to the university such that an independent observer might reasonably question whether the individual's professional actions or decisions are determined by considerations or personal gain, financial or otherwise. (latech.edu)
  • A working definition for conflict of interest with regard to publishing research results, as suggested by Rumsay, 1 is that 'conflict of interest is a situation in which personal benefit or economic gain (either directly or indirectly via an individual's research program, institution or individual reputation) takes priority over clarity or accuracy of the reporting of the research. (lww.com)
  • The sole purpose of this policy is to avoid situations in which this extra help provides an unfair advantage (or disadvantage) to a group of students or if the teaching assistant has a financial interest (or another kind of benefit) in providing this extra support beyond his or her salary. (ubc.ca)
  • situations where the time or creative energy that a staff member devotes to activities additional to their University commitment appears substantial enough to compromise the amount or quality of their University activities (this underlines use of the term conflict of commitment that may include those listed under A. (edu.au)
  • The purpose of this policy is to educate individuals about situations that generate conflicts of interest, and to provide means for academic staff members and the University to identify, manage, reduce, and/or eliminate actual or potential conflicts of interest. (uh.edu)
  • Review Insurance Council Code of Conduct's Conflict of Interest Guidelines (Appendix A) periodically on how to plan for and address situations when a conflict of interest arises, and how to manage or avoid such conflicts. (insurancecouncilofbc.com)
  • The first area relates to those situations where the personal interest of an officer or a member of ACNP would directly conflict with his ability to deal effectively with instances where individual members of an organization abuse their position within the organization for their own benefit. (acnp.org)
  • Typically, this relates to situations in which the personal interest of an individual or organization might adversely affect a duty owed to make decisions for the benefit of a third party. (wikipedia.org)
  • Identifying and resolving conflict-of-interest situations is crucial to good governance and maintaining trust in public institutions. (ala.org)
  • Translational researchers must become aware of the situations which constitute conflict of interest and understand how such conflicts can impact their research programs. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Boatright, J. R.: 1993, 'Conflict of Interest: A Response to Michael Davis', Business & Professional Ethics Journal 12 (4), 43-46. (springer.com)
  • Dennis F. Thompson, The New England Journal of Medicine, 1993 Conflict of interests have been described as the most pervasive issue facing modern lawyers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conflict of Interest is a 1993 independent crime action film directed by Gary Davis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zuckerman also thinks the only way that doctors will disclose potential conflicts of interest is if companies are required by law to make payments to doctors public. (bio-medicine.org)
  • and broader regulations to address institutional conflicts of interest. (genomeweb.com)
  • As they do so, physicians must be mindful of the conflicts such engagement poses to the integrity of the research and the welfare of human participants. (ama-assn.org)
  • If requested by a member of the public, the Office of Compliance, Integrity, and Safety will provide information about each financial conflict of interest within five days of the request. (mtu.edu)
  • A cornerstone of the process is the integrity of the review panel, which includes a fair and non-conflicted evaluation of the proposed research. (eurekalert.org)
  • Furthermore, there is reason to suspect that editors and journal staff may suppress publication of scientific results that are adverse to industry owing to internal conflict of interest between editorial integrity and business needs. (ewg.org)
  • Primary interest refers to the principal goals of the profession or activity, such as the protection of clients, the health of patients, the integrity of research, and the duties of public officer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus each Academy Trustee, Secretary, committee Chair, committee member, taskforce chair, taskforce member, councilor, and representative to other organizations ("Academy Leader"), as well as the Academy staff and those responsible for organizing and presenting CME activities must disclose interactions with Companies 1 and manage conflicts of interest or the appearance of conflicts of interest that affect this integrity. (aao.org)
  • A conflict of interest refers to a situation where a conflict arises for an individual between two competing interests. (edu.au)
  • Typically, a conflict of interest arises when an individual finds himself or herself occupying two social roles simultaneously which generate opposing benefits or loyalties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Committee members who are potentially conflicted should identify the conflict up front at the committee meeting if an issue involving a potential or actual conflicts arises and discuss it at the meeting to provide any clarification. (aoassn.org)
  • The NCCN ORP has a Conflict of Interest Policy that sets forth principles and procedures to ensure that the personal financial and professional interests of scientific committee members do not compromise the objectivity with which recommendations for research and approval of projects are made. (nccn.org)
  • UC addresses the various aspects of financial conflicts of interests in research through a number of principles, guidelines and policies intended to promote the conduct of research without bias and with the highest scientific and ethical standards. (ucop.edu)
  • The University of California policy on disclosure of financial interest in private sponsors of research (revised April 26, 1984, with technical updates made on April 29, 2010). (ucop.edu)
  • Information pertaining to currently existing systemwide University principles, guidelines, and policies pertaining to institutional conflicts of interests in research. (ucop.edu)
  • But there are broader issues that have an equally important impact on patient care and public trust: failure to publish clinical trials, failure to participate in research, and imperfectly declared conflicts of interest, for example. (badscience.net)
  • Almost all consensus and guideline development panels are supported by pharmaceutical companies with vested interests, and many panelists receive research grant support and personal compensation for lectures and advice from the same companies. (cmaj.ca)
  • Lemmens, T. and P. Singer: 1998, 'Conflict of Interest in Research, Education and Patient Care', Canadian Medical Association Journal 159 , 960-965. (springer.com)
  • NEW YORK (GenomeWeb News) - The National Institutes of Health is taking comments from the public on possible changes it may make to its conflict-of-interest regulations for federally funded research, NIH said on Tuesday. (genomeweb.com)
  • The existing regulations for financial interest were implemented in 1995 and were designed to ensure that federally funded health research grants would not be biased by financial conflicts on the part of the researcher. (genomeweb.com)
  • Minimizing and mitigating conflicts of interest in clinical research is imperative if the medical community is to justify and maintain trust in the medical research community. (ama-assn.org)
  • The conflict of interest and commitment policy of the University serves as a guide to faculty and other employees with principal responsibility for research projects conducted at Michigan Tech. (mtu.edu)
  • Regulations pertaining to financial conflicts of interest in research sponsored by the US Public Health Service (PHS) went into effect on August 24, 2012. (mtu.edu)
  • Current regulations require investigators to disclose to Michigan Tech only those financial conflicts of interest relating to their research. (mtu.edu)
  • Michigan Tech is then responsible for determining whether or not the financial interest is related to PHS-funded research and poses a potential conflict of interest. (mtu.edu)
  • Failure by Michigan Tech to report financial conflicts of interest (COI) to the PHS awarding component in a timely manner will necessitate a retrospective review of research to determine whether or not the design, conduct, or reporting of the research was biased. (mtu.edu)
  • The new procedures do not replace the existing Conflict of Interest procedures, but the new procedures cover conflicts of interest in PHS-funded research at Michigan Tech. (mtu.edu)
  • RESTON, VA - New research from the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) found that peer review managers play an important role in identifying potential conflicts of interest (COI) in biomedical research grant peer reviews. (eurekalert.org)
  • The study, Frequency and Type of Conflicts of Interest in the Peer Review of Basic Biomedical Research Funding Applications: Self-Reporting Versus Manual Detection, was published in the journal Science and Engineering Ethics . (eurekalert.org)
  • Conflict of interest in orthopaedic research: An association between findings and funding in scientific presentations. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • 2007). Perspectives of clinical research coordinators on disclosing financial conflicts of interest to potential research participants. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Developing model language for disclosing financial interests to potential clinical research participants [Electronic version]. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • It is the responsibility of the University to promote objectivity in research through the establishment of a Conflict of Interest Policy. (uh.edu)
  • A conflict of interest is a set of conditions in which professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as a patient's welfare or the validity of research) tends to be unduly influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it is important that the financial incentives which may accompany such relationships do not create financial conflicts of interest that might undermine the validity of the research or the safety of human research subjects. (bu.edu)
  • Such conflicts of interest have the potential to create real or apparent bias in research and may reduce public confidence in the research enterprise. (bu.edu)
  • For these reasons BU has established the following Investigator Financial Conflicts of Interest Policy for Research. (bu.edu)
  • The policy is also intended to be consistent with the Boston Medical Center Significant Financial Conflicts of Interest in the Conduct of Research Policy. (bu.edu)
  • The Investigator is not charged with making a determination as to whether the SFI constitutes a conflict of interest or could affect the design, conduct or reporting of the Research. (bu.edu)
  • The previous reports, issued in 2008, addressed conflicts of interest in academic research and medical education. (kevinmd.com)
  • These guidelines define general university policy and procedures regarding conflicts of interest in relationship to sponsored projects involving research, education, and university service. (latech.edu)
  • Thus, the university requires that investigators disclose any significant financial interest in a research-sponsoring entity that may present an actual or potential conflict of interest in the event that the investigator becomes engaged in research in a project sponsored by that entity. (latech.edu)
  • Nonetheless, prudent stewardship of public funds includes protecting sponsored research from being compromised by the conflicting financial interests of any investigator responsible for the design, conduct, or reporting of sponsored research. (latech.edu)
  • The value of the results of sponsored research to the health and the economy of the nation must not be compromised by any financial interest that will, or may be reasonably expected to, bias the design, conduct, or reporting of the research. (latech.edu)
  • This policy seeks to maintain a reasonable balance between these competing interests, give the university the ability to identify and manage financial interests that may bias the research, and minimize reporting and other burdens on the investigators. (latech.edu)
  • However, if the compensation or transfer of an equity interest is conditioned upon a particular outcome in a sponsored research project, no investigator with any financial interest in the entity sponsoring a research project may serve in a responsible position on the project as a university employee. (latech.edu)
  • Conflicts of interest in translational research. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The public is rightfully concerned that the financial interests of researchers, their institutions, and their corporate sponsors may bias research. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Private industry funds more than two-thirds of medical research at U.S. universities, a situation that has led increasingly to conflict-of-interest suspicions. (toledoblade.com)
  • These results are really bothersome, said Dr. Jerome Kassirer, former editor-in-chief of the journal and author of a recent book about conflicts of interest in research. (toledoblade.com)
  • In the context of this Conflict of Interest policy, "CME" encompasses the Academy's full spectrum of educational activities, including those qualifying for CME credit, as well as the Academy's non-credit-bearing educational initiatives, programming and products, including but not limited to ONE Network non-accredited content, practice management resources, quality of care research and publications, and Journal article authorship, selection and review. (aao.org)
  • In research, review and publication process, the term commonly interchanged with 'conflict of interest' is 'bias. (lww.com)
  • In contrast to the requirements for recipients of U.S. Public Health Service research awards, the federal government does not require the recipients of direct or indirect funds for medical education to establish and administer conflict of interest policies. (nih.gov)
  • Chapter 4 discussed concerns about how researcher conflicts of interest might affect their advice or supervision involving the research of medical students, residents, fellows, and junior faculty. (nih.gov)
  • From a policy perspective, disclosure is a central part of the process and should include information about "the nature, scope, duration, and monetary value of relationship to allow institutions to assess the risk that secondary interests might unduly influence judgments about research, clinical care, education, or other primary interests. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • A review of conflicts of interest, competing interests, and bias for toxicologists , LD Claxton, Toxicology and Industrial Health, 2007 (free full text). (faseb.org)
  • In the face of the growing evidence that financial conflicts of interest bias expert recommendations in favour of sponsors' products, this Journal (along with most major medical journals) will not accept for publication consensus statements, narrative reviews, commentaries and similar types of articles that recommend drugs, devices, laboratory tests or other interventions for which at least one of the authors has a significant financial conflict of interest. (cmaj.ca)
  • Conflicts are not inherently unacceptable, but must be identified and managed to prevent bias in the scientific process. (mtu.edu)
  • In recently published rules, HHS established amended standards to assure that HHS-funded grants or cooperative agreements will be free from bias that may result from the investigator's financial conflicts of interest (Title 42, Part 50). (astate.edu)
  • Our healthcare decisions, and how we model decisions for our students … must be free of any bias" resulting from physicians' financial interests, said Joanne Conroy, MD, the AAMC's chief healthcare officer, in a conference call with reporters. (kevinmd.com)
  • Unfortunately, however, nine of those 21 authors have financial ties to processed food manufacturers, pharmaceutical companies or weight-loss programs - major conflicts of interest that raise the question of possible bias in the paper's findings. (minnpost.com)
  • Managing conflict of interest enables the medical profession to avoid bias in the delivery of patient care while allowing for reasonable financial relationships with industry. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • In other cases, however, these relationships may establish a secondary financial interest that introduces conscious or unconscious bias into clinical decision making and thus potentially adversely affect patient care. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • This conflict of commitment is particularly acute when a physician-investigator has treated or continues to treat a patient who is eligible to enroll as a participant in a clinical trial the physician is conducting. (ama-assn.org)
  • Currently, disclosure of potential physician financial conflicts of interest - described by the study's authors as revenue generated by such clinical trials, as well as compensation for speaking engagements or consultative activities - is not routinely included as part of clinical trial informed consent and documentation practices. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • However, the task force did recommend that medical schools eliminate one type of potential conflict: compensation schemes for doctors within their own clinical centers that may provide incentives running counter to patients' best interests. (kevinmd.com)
  • Though the task force was charged with addressing clinical conflicts of interests only in academic medicine, it believes that the principles that have guided its work and that shape its report are applicable generally to the practice of medicine," according to the report. (kevinmd.com)
  • However, conflict of interest, intentional or unintentional, may be a source of risk for the readers in the accurate judgment of the clinical utility of a published trial. (lww.com)
  • A COI in clinical care refers to instances in which physician judgment regarding a patient's well-being is at risk of being biased by a secondary interest (like financial compensation) that can harm patients. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Any director, officer, or member of a committee with board delegated powers, who has a direct or indirect financial interest, as defined below, is an interested person. (first.org)
  • An interested person may make a presentation at the governing board or committee meeting, but after the presentation, he/she shall leave the meeting during the discussion of, and the vote on, the transaction or arrangement involving the possible conflict of interest. (first.org)
  • After exercising due diligence, the board or committee shall determine whether the Organization can obtain with reasonable efforts a more advantageous transaction or arrangement from a person or entity that would not give rise to a conflict of interest. (first.org)
  • If a more advantageous transaction or arrangement is not reasonably possible under circumstances not producing a conflict of interest, the board or committee shall determine by a majority vote of the disinterested directors whether the transaction or arrangement is in FIRST's best interest, for its own benefit, and whether it is fair and reasonable, then make its decision as to whether to enter into the transaction or arrangement. (first.org)
  • MD Anderson's Institutional Compliance Office administers this policy and, in conjunction with MD Anderson's Conflict of Interest Committee, reviews financial interest disclosures required by this policy. (mdanderson.org)
  • Helpful guidelines related to disclosure statements have been published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (see http://www.icmje.org/#conflicts ). (nih.gov)
  • All disclosures are reviewed by the University of Houston's Conflict of Interest Committee (COIC). (uh.edu)
  • Allegations of conflict of interest are taken seriously and are investigated by the Ethics Committee, Scientific Sessions Program Committee or the Education Committee. (hrsonline.org)
  • Each Society trustee, officer, chair, committee, task force and writing group member, and staff member receives a copy of the Society's Code, and conflict of interest disclosure statements are filed annually by volunteers and senior staff. (hrsonline.org)
  • The program committee members submit and consider their own disclosure information and recuse themselves from planning educational activities should they have conflicts related to the subject area presented. (ameriburn.org)
  • When developing an educational program, the program committee reviews applications and conflict of interest disclosure forms, along with needs assessment and evaluative data from past activities in order to develop programming. (ameriburn.org)
  • Leaving a committee meeting after a conflict of interest issue was raised by the council chief executive was a mistake, the Otago Regional Council's chairman now says. (odt.co.nz)
  • An AOA member who is identified as a potential committee chair should disclose in a written document to the appointing officer(s) all actual or potential conflicts before the appointment decision is made. (aoassn.org)
  • During the meeting(s), the Chair may ask the committee member to appropriately manage any real or perceived conflict during committee discussions that may invoke the conflict. (aoassn.org)
  • The First Past President, Second Past President, and current President, with assistance from the Executive Director, are charged to manage real-time conflicts that present during Executive Committee meetings. (aoassn.org)
  • He noted that the "interest" referred to in the rule meant a "direct, personal and pecuniary" - financial - interest, and he maintained that he did not have such a relationship with Nouri, nor did he have a vote on the committee. (unionleader.com)
  • In the case where the school head has a conflict of interest, the school Primary Committee will elect a full professor to chair that part of the meeting where the specific case is discussed. (purdue.edu)
  • It's also always the case that when you look to finding board members who are relevant to a specific area, you're likely to have them interested in the areas and we do expect that people will need to recuse themselves because [of] the potential conflict of interest,' the Industry Department's Mike Lawson told the committee. (abc.net.au)
  • An actual or potential situation that undermines, or may undermine, the impartiality of an individual or non-Federal entity because their self-interest conflicts, or may conflict, with their duty and obligations to EPA and the public in performing an EPA financial assistance agreement. (epa.gov)
  • A conflict of interest might take various forms, but includes any circumstance where personal, professional, financial, or other private interests of a person or institution compromise or have the potential to compromise the exercise of professional judgment or obligations, or may be perceived as doing so. (uh.edu)
  • But crossing these boundaries also gives rise to new and often conflicting obligations between researchers, their employers, and their industry sponsors. (biomedsearch.com)
  • They understand their duties and obligations, particularly regarding conflicts of interest. (abc.net.au)
  • As required by Title 2 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 200.112, EPA has established the following interim policy governing disclosure of actual and potential conflicts of interest (COI Policy) by applicants for, and recipients of, federal financial assistance awards from EPA. (epa.gov)
  • Conflict-of-interest policy and compendium of specialized university policies, guidelines and regulations related to conflict-of-interest. (ucop.edu)
  • The new regulations require investigators to disclose all significant financial interests relating to their University responsibilities. (mtu.edu)
  • Current regulations specify a threshold of $10,000 under which disclosure of a financial interest is not required. (mtu.edu)
  • The new regulations require all investigators to receive training in the PHS regulations and the Michigan Tech conflict of interest policy and procedures. (mtu.edu)
  • As Vietnam aspires to become a prosperous country with modern institutions by 2035, managing conflict of interest is essential because this very process of institutional modernization will determine how state and market institutions, rules and regulations are shaped for the next generation. (worldbank.org)
  • In accordance with federal regulations, the university has a responsibility to manage, reduce, or eliminate any actual or potential conflicts of interest that may be presented by the financial interest of an investigator. (latech.edu)
  • A seriously flawed and inflammatory attack on conflict of interest policies and regulations appeared recently in a most unexpected location: the venerable and trusted New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) . (bmj.com)
  • Rosenbaum's language is colorful, but her arguments for the purported harms of conflict of interest policies and regulations are fanciful and data-free. (bmj.com)
  • WEDNESDAY, Oct. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Despite regulations requiring orthopedic doctors to disclose financial interests in products and consulting fees from device makers, about 30 percent fail to do so, a new study shows. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Current Licensees should review the List of Other Employment and Business Activities Considered by Council and the guidelines periodically by considering whether their Business Activity is similar to one on the list and if so, take reasonable steps to identify and avoid or manage conflicts of interest accordingly. (insurancecouncilofbc.com)
  • My inquiry is about whether or not it is legal or even possible for this to allow for certain conflicts of interest. (expertlaw.com)
  • Members of the NCCN ORP scientific committees may face real or apparent conflicts of interest with grantors, investigators or institutions. (nccn.org)
  • If the industry affiliation is concealed by the scientist, biases from conflicting interests in risk assessments cannot be evaluated and dealt with properly. (ewg.org)
  • These procedures are outlined in MD Anderson's Conflict of Interest Policy for Faculty Members, Trainees, Faculty Supervisors, Institutional Decision Makers, and Investigators of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MD Anderson Institutional Policy #ACA0001) . (mdanderson.org)
  • The proposed rules changes apply to NIH-funded investigators at extramural institutions and include a $5,000 minimum threshold for reporting financial interests in any single publicly traded company. (nature.com)
  • If BU's policy is used, the subrecipient must ensure that its Investigators disclose to BU all Significant Financial Interests ("SFI") as defined below) that are directly related to the subrecipient's work for BU at the time of submission of the application by BU or at the time the subrecipient signs an institutional letter of support if during an on-going award grant or contract. (bu.edu)
  • 3 Further, almost half the guidelines provided no information about conflict of interest. (cmaj.ca)
  • To date we have excluded guidelines from this policy, requiring only disclosure of financial conflicts of interest. (cmaj.ca)
  • Insurance licensees are expected to abide by the Conflict of Interest Guidelines for Insurance Agents, Adjusters, and Salespersons (Appendix A) in the Insurance Council's Code of Conduct . (insurancecouncilofbc.com)
  • Potential participants are sent detailed guidelines that provide direction on necessary components to ensure independence in continuing medical education activities and to resolve conflict. (ameriburn.org)
  • Anybody capable of going to medical school or getting a doctorate are perfectly capable of understanding what these conflict-of-interest guidelines are," she said. (bio-medicine.org)
  • All business associations, especially nonprofit organizations, require the individuals comprising them to eschew their pecuniary self interest in acting to promote the ideals of a separate business entity. (acnp.org)
  • The interests involved can be pecuniary or non-pecuniary. (wikipedia.org)
  • There will be projects that Ms Way-McPhail has no pecuniary interest in, would not need to declare a pecuniary interest and would be a valued member of the board for that purpose. (abc.net.au)
  • Disclosures of entities, Foundation board members, and or employee that you have an actual or perceived conflict of interest with due to financial interests directly or indirectly, through business, investment, or family: 4. (owasp.org)
  • This week, the Labor Department is expected to roll out a rule that will curtail conflicts of interest and require companies to enforce a fiduciary relationship, where a client's best interests must come before the profit interest of the adviser. (ibtimes.com)
  • However, especially where a decision is being taken in a fiduciary context, it is important that the contending interests be clearly identified and the process for separating them is rigorously established. (wikipedia.org)
  • Legal conflicts rules are at their core corollaries to a lawyer's two basic fiduciary duties: (1) the duty of loyalty and (2) the duty to preserve client confidences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Allegations in these legal malpractice claims often include simple scrivener errors, inadequate representation, breach of fiduciary duty and conflicts of interest. (insurancejournal.com)
  • Given the recent ruling in Ontario and its outcome and the legal opinion obtained and shared in Surrey where Trustees have declared and appropriately dealt with their conflict of interest, New Westminster School Board's current situation is deeply concerning. (vancouversun.com)
  • Where such conflicts or perceived conflicts exist, they must be appropriately and fully disclosed and resolved. (aao.org)
  • The billionaire investor said his financial interests -- such as a major stake in an oil refiner subject to EPA regulation -- shouldn't prevent him from advising Trump. (cnn.com)
  • Conflicts of interest can involve financial or non-financial interests of the staff member and the interests of a business partner or associate, family member, friend or person in a close personal relationship with the staff member. (edu.au)
  • All significant financial interests will need to be disclosed. (mtu.edu)
  • The cornerstone for managing conflicts of interest is transparency, and that begins with the Investigator's disclosure of Significant Financial Interests to the Institution. (uh.edu)
  • The certification process involves either a certification of no significant financial interests or the disclosure of existing significant financial interests to the Institution. (uh.edu)
  • In addition to the annual requirement, the acquisition or discovery of new significant financial interests requires disclosure within 30 days. (uh.edu)
  • Retrospective review of grants and financial relationships when financial interests are not disclosed or reviewed in a timely manner, or management plans are not followed. (astate.edu)
  • CDC, our planners, and our content experts wish to disclose they have no financial interests or other relationships with the manufacturers of commercial products. (mercola.com)
  • Notably, the recommendations did not discourage physicians from having relationships with industry or other outside financial interests. (kevinmd.com)
  • Arizona law requires that public officers and employees avoid conflicts of interest that might influence or affect their official conduct , according to the Attorney General's Office. (azcentral.com)
  • Built to help you manage risks through conflict of interest, code of conduct or cybersecurity questionnaires and more. (nasdaq.com)
  • In addition to financial conflicts of interest created by incentives to conduct trials and recruit subjects, physicians must be sensitive to the differing roles of clinician and investigator, which may require them to balance dual commitments to participants and science. (ama-assn.org)
  • Several Wikimedia movement entities have board-level codes of conduct and conflict of interest policies . (wikimedia.org)
  • Significant financial interest is also defined as salary, royalties, or other payments that, when aggregated for the investigator and the investigator's spouse and dependent children over the next twelve months, exceed $10,000. (latech.edu)
  • Pro-Trumpcare Republicans Owned $23 Million in Health-Care Stock When the House GOP voted to repeal Obamacare, many were also voting to advance the interests of pharmaceutical companies they owned shares of. (nymag.com)
  • Universities now have a "renewed interest in partnering with pharmaceutical companies and are investing resources to ensure successful collaborations," writes Pharma Voice. (mercola.com)
  • In recent months, the print media have once again outed another group of physicians who benefit from undisclosed financial renumeration from pharmaceutical companies, accompanied by serious conflicts of interest. (go.com)
  • And how are some of these members allowed to deny the validity of science, therefore successfully stopping or delaying environmental legislation which harms their personal business interests, or their lobbyists? (odt.co.nz)
  • Concurrently, the informal and hidden curricula might be characterized by disparaging faculty comments on their institution's conflict of interest policies and the failure of institutions to adopt and implement sound policies. (nih.gov)
  • The potential for conflict of interest should be considered as a part of the application process for licensing as well as ongoing licensed practice. (insurancecouncilofbc.com)
  • Fears over the potential for conflict of interest - with companies holding both commissioning and providing roles - have surrounded the framework since the plans first emerged. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Potential for conflict of interest in. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Potential for conflict of interest in recommending products to patient. (bio-medicine.org)
  • constitutes more than a five percent ownership interest in any single entity. (latech.edu)
  • A commercial interest is defined as any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing healthcare goods or services consumed by, or used on, patients. (nfid.org)
  • The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent participation in CE-certified educational activities by individuals with a relevant financial relationship with commercial interest(s), but rather to provide learners with information on which they can make their own determination whether or not said relationship(s) influenced the content of the educational activity. (ameriburn.org)
  • In accordance with the ACCME Standards for Commercial Support of CME, the American Burn Association has implemented mechanisms, prior to the planning and implementation of this CME activity, to identify and mitigate conflicts of interest for all individuals in a position to control the content of this CME activity. (ameriburn.org)
  • Employees of commercial interests will not be involved in the planning of educational activities and will have no control over the content. (nfid.org)
  • If selected for oral presentation, potential conflicts of interest will be resolved using the process described in Standards 2.3.1 (alter control over content) and 2.3.2 (peer review of content) below. (nfid.org)
  • In connection with any actual or possible conflict of interest, an interested person must disclose the existence of the financial interest and be given the opportunity to disclose all material facts to the directors or members of committees with governing board delegated powers considering the proposed transaction or arrangement. (first.org)
  • If, after hearing the member's response and after making further investigation as warranted by the circumstances, the board determines the member has failed to disclose an actual or possible conflict of interest, it shall take appropriate disciplinary and corrective action. (first.org)
  • The names of the persons who disclosed or otherwise were found to have a financial interest in connection with an actual or possible conflict of interest, the nature of the financial interest, any action taken to determine whether a conflict of interest was present, and the board's or committee's decision as to whether a conflict of interest in fact existed. (first.org)
  • The list of Other Employment and Business Activities Considered by the Insurance Council does not cover every possible conflict of interest scenario. (insurancecouncilofbc.com)
  • Luebke, N. R.: 1987, 'Conflict of Interest as a Moral Category', Business & Professional Ethics Journal 6 (1), 66-81. (springer.com)
  • ALA provides a sample ethics policy and conflict of interest policy for public libraries. (ala.org)
  • As more police departments around the US introduce body cameras, financial ties between police chiefs and a major camera maker are prompting questions about ethics and conflicts of interest. (rt.com)
  • The U.S. Office of Government Ethics says that Trump should divest of conflicting assets, establish a blind trust, or both. (upenn.edu)
  • Physicians' financial relationships with the pharmaceutical industry are controversial because such relationships may pose a conflict of interest. (nih.gov)
  • Furthermore, BCAction can and does accept donations from businesses and corporations which do not pose a conflict of interest. (bcaction.org)
  • Solicitor General Paul Clement wrote that MetLife "benefits financially if it denies an employee's claim," which is a "commonsense understanding of what constitutes a conflict of interest. (insurancejournal.com)
  • The medical profession needs to develop a more effective policy on conflict of interest. (nih.gov)
  • The FSCA emphasised that the case against Global relates to how the ratings agency dealt with conflicts of interest during the rating process. (news24.com)
  • Though they're not required to, presidents have usually dealt with conflicts like these by putting their assets in a blind trust run by someone independent. (tpr.org)
  • It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why they are of ethical concern, and then focuses on the way not-for-profit organisations are especially prone to and vulnerable to conflict-of-interest scandals. (springer.com)
  • What Mark Anderson wanted was simple: to work in the best interest of his clients, free of ethical conflicts. (ibtimes.com)
  • The ethical foundation of a non profit corporation is predicated upon the substitution of a long term altruistic goal for short term individual interests. (acnp.org)
  • Incorporating public health into your practice as a resident can be rewarding and offer interesting opportunities to move medicine forward. (ama-assn.org)
  • An "interest" is a commitment, obligation, duty or goal associated with a particular social role or practice. (wikipedia.org)
  • New malpractice claims against lawyers are being driven by inadequate safeguards against conflicts of interest, along with participation in certain expanding and complex practice areas, according to a new study by insurance broker Ames & Gough. (insurancejournal.com)
  • After all it is in the interest of the researcher to produce results that says the drug works and works very very well. (protocol-online.org)
  • Since researcher is effectively being paid by the drug company, it is not in the interest of the researcher to say that the drug has terrible side effects. (protocol-online.org)
  • Segal said the existing policy was confusing and did not spell out what conflicts employees needed to disclose to the district. (azcentral.com)
  • The UK General Medical Council is consulting on changes to its online medical register, including the voluntary inclusion of doctors' conflicts of interest. (bmj.com)
  • Do doctors in dispensing practices with a financial conflict of interest prescribe more expensive drugs? (bmj.com)
  • The school initially did so without asking for the blessing of a state oversight board that is supposed to review public contracts with potential conflicts of interest. (baltimoresun.com)
  • These are often, but not exclusively, interests of public duty versus private interests. (edu.au)
  • The DPAC of New Westminster asks the School Board (SD40) to resolve the issue of conflict of interest on the part of its current Trustees, by obtaining a legal opinion on the matter and making that legal opinion public. (vancouversun.com)
  • We ask that any conflict of interest or perceived conflict of interest be ascertained by legal opinion and that the legal opinion be shared with DPAC and the public. (vancouversun.com)
  • The adoption of a Conflict of Interest Policy Statement sends a public message to the members of the group and the community at large that an organization is serious about both the philosophical and business objectives of the professional organization. (acnp.org)
  • It is, therefore, imperative that a clearer division between the public and private spheres is set and that conflict of interest (COI) provisions are adopted to enable better separation of these spheres. (worldbank.org)
  • Participants of group discussions argued most gifts given to public servants represented personal interest, or even bribery. (worldbank.org)
  • Conflict of interest rules in the public sphere mainly focus on financial relationships since they are relatively more objective, fungible, and quantifiable, and usually involve the political, legal, and medical fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conroy said websites were one way, but not the only one, to communicate potential conflicts to patients and the public. (kevinmd.com)
  • Public Citizen is a national, nonprofit consumer advocacy organization founded in 1971 to represent consumer interests in Congress, the executive branch and the courts. (commondreams.org)
  • Both Louis Slesin and I have written letters to Margaret Sullivan, Public Editor of The Times , pointing out the conflicts of interest on the part of Savitz and Moulder, and the necessity of acknowledging such conflicts when reporting on public health issues. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • In a leaked document, EU lawyers said Babiš's dual role as premier and tycoon "qualifies as a conflict of interest" since public officials should not decide on EU payouts for companies they ultimately control. (euractiv.com)
  • BCAction's work as the watchdog for the breast cancer movement is credible and effective because of the organization's commitment to preventing real or perceived conflict of interest from our corporate donors and organizational leadership, which provides a foundation of trust for our members, partners, and the public. (bcaction.org)
  • Facing conflict of interest proceedings under tightened EU rules, billionaire Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babiš may soon become the first European politician found in violation of the bloc's new law. (euractiv.com)
  • Richard Painter, what do you say Donald Trump needing to do in order to remove any question of a conflict of interest, given his significant and widespread holdings? (pbs.org)
  • One area of uncharted territory under a Trump presidency centers on potential conflicts of interests with his businesses. (pbs.org)
  • Academic medical centers need comprehensive policies to manage their physicians' relationships with industry and other commercial interests, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). (kevinmd.com)
  • The AAMC task force did not specify exactly how medical centers should report their physicians' conflicts of interest to patients, indicating that the best method is likely to vary among institutions and the communities they serve. (kevinmd.com)
  • On the other hand, she was also skeptical about simply handing patients a printed list of their physicians' commercial interests, as some medical centers do. (kevinmd.com)
  • Under State Local Government Code Chapter 176 , city vendors and local government officers are required to file Form CIQ or CIS, respectively, when a relevant conflict exists. (austintexas.gov)
  • Local government officers file Conflicts Disclosure Statement Form CIS, which can be downloaded here . (austintexas.gov)
  • It then examines the literature on conflict of interest issues and responses in the learning environments of undergraduate, graduate, and continuing medical education. (nih.gov)
  • The duty of confidentiality is protected in rules prohibiting so-called successive conflicts of interest, when a lawyer proposes to act adversely to the interests of a former client. (wikipedia.org)
  • The FSCA found that Global contravened the act in that it failed to deal with the conflict of interest as prescribed by the FSCA rules. (news24.com)
  • When deciding on an appropriate penalty, the FSCA considered, amongst other aggravating factors, that a breach of the conflict of interest rules was serious, especially in the context of a credit rating agency. (news24.com)
  • The president and vice president are currently exempt from any financial conflict of interest rules . (govtrack.us)
  • The report also found that the agencies had been "lax" in enforcing their already "weak and inconsistent" conflict of interest rules. (californiahealthline.org)
  • The allegation was that Levasseur had violated conflict-of-interest rules for lawyers who also serve as elected officials. (unionleader.com)
  • Under a proposed policy, every district employee would file a conflict-of-interest disclosure form at the start of their employment. (azcentral.com)
  • After executive's indictment, Scottsdale school board considers new conflict of interest policy Under a proposed policy, every district employee would file a conflict-of-interest disclosure form at the start of their employment. (azcentral.com)
  • Researchers must complete a Significant Financial Interest Disclosure Form at the time of application and annually thereafter if funding is awarded. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Members of promotion committees shall recuse themselves from discussions and decisions related to any candidate who presents a conflict of interest. (purdue.edu)
  • If President Trump maintains his interests in businesses, then he will almost certainly violate the emoluments clause. (upenn.edu)
  • And President Trump, with his global business and real estate empire, has created an "unprecedented" number of White House conflicts of interest . (govtrack.us)