Conflict (Psychology): The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Family Conflict: Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.Negotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Dissent and Disputes: Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Civil Disorders: Deliberate and planned acts of unlawful behavior engaged in by aggrieved segments of the population in seeking social change.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Gift Giving: The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Stroop Test: Timed test in which the subject must read a list of words or identify colors presented with varying instructions and different degrees of distraction. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary. 8th ed.)Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Sex Ratio: The number of males per 100 females.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Mating Preference, Animal: The selection or choice of sexual partner in animals. Often this reproductive preference is based on traits in the potential mate, such as coloration, size, or behavioral boldness. If the chosen ones are genetically different from the rejected ones, then NATURAL SELECTION is occurring.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Entrepreneurship: The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.Weapons: Devices or tools used in combat or fighting in order to kill or incapacitate.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Beneficence: The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Personal Autonomy: Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Love: Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Social Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Policy: A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Ethics Committees, Research: Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.Hospitals, Religious: Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.United StatesHealth Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Ethnic Conflict: Violence or other hostile behavior arising when an ethnic group either feels itself under threat, or where it seeks to assert its superiority or dominance over other groups.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Role: The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Research Subjects: Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Refugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)AfghanistanPersonality Development: Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Game Theory: Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.Paternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Committee Membership: The composition of a committee; the state or status of being a member of a committee.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Work: Productive or purposeful activities.Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Ethics, Clinical: The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Social Values: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Hostility: Tendency to feel anger toward and to seek to inflict harm upon a person or group.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.IraqModels, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Group Processes: The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.Agonistic Behavior: Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.Ethics, Nursing: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Puma: A genus in the family FELIDAE comprising one species, Puma concolor. It is a large, long-tailed, feline of uniform color. The names puma, cougar, and mountain lion are used interchangeably for this species. There are more than 20 subspecies.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Medical Futility: The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Trust: Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.Social Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Bioethics: A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Torture: The intentional infliction of physical or mental suffering upon an individual or individuals, including the torture of animals.East Timor: A country in Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago. It includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco. On May 20, 2002, East Timor was internationally recognized as an independent state. This followed its declared independence from Portugal on November 20, 1975 and a period of armed conflict with Indonesia.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Hierarchy, Social: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Ethics, Professional: The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Ethics, Institutional: The moral and ethical obligations or responsibilities of institutions.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Sibling Relations: Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Withholding Treatment: Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Human Experimentation: The use of humans as investigational subjects.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Genetic Fitness: The capability of an organism to survive and reproduce. The phenotypic expression of the genotype in a particular environment determines how genetically fit an organism will be.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Mental Processes: Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.Physician's Role: The expected function of a member of the medical profession.Coercion: The use of force or intimidation to obtain compliance.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Afghan Campaign 2001-: Multinational coalition military operation initiated in October 2001 to counter terrorism and bring security to AFGHANISTAN in collaboration with Afghan forces.Nesting Behavior: Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Maternal-Fetal Relations: The bond or lack thereof between a pregnant woman and her FETUS.Evoked Potentials: Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.Paternalism: Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.Higher Nervous Activity: A term used in Eastern European research literature on brain and behavior physiology for cortical functions. It refers to the highest level of integrative function of the brain, centered in the CEREBRAL CORTEX, regulating language, thought, and behavior via sensory, motor, and cognitive processes.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Iraq War, 2003-2011: An armed intervention involving multi-national forces in the country of IRAQ.Copulation: Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.Object Attachment: Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Life Support Care: Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Euthanasia, Passive: Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Frontal Lobe: The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.Animal Communication: Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Ethical Theory: A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)Anti-Anxiety Agents: Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Personnel Management: Planning, organizing, and administering all activities related to personnel.Amputation, Traumatic: Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Ethical Analysis: The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Professional Autonomy: The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Adjustment Disorders: Maladaptive reactions to identifiable psychosocial stressors occurring within a short time after onset of the stressor. They are manifested by either impairment in social or occupational functioning or by symptoms (depression, anxiety, etc.) that are in excess of a normal and expected reaction to the stressor.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Conscience: The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.Wasps: Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Patient Participation: Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.

To tell the truth: disclosing the incentives and limits of managed care. (1/473)

As managed care becomes more prevalent in the United States, concerns have arisen over the business practices of managed care companies. A particular concern is whether patients should be made aware of the financial incentives and treatment limits of their healthcare plan. At present, managed care organizations are not legally required to make such disclosures. However, such disclosures would be advisable for reasons of ethical fidelity, contractual clarity, and practical prudence. Physicians themselves may also have a fiduciary responsibility to discuss incentives and limits with their patients. Once the decision to disclose has been made, the managed care organization must draft a document that explains, clearly and honestly, limits of care in the plan and physician incentives that might restrict the care a patient receives.  (+info)

Outcomes research: collaboration among academic researchers, managed care organizations, and pharmaceutical manufacturers. (2/473)

Medical and pharmaceutical outcomes research has been of increasing interest in the past 10 to 15 years among healthcare providers, payers, and regulatory agencies. Outcomes research has become a multidisciplinary field involving clinicians, health services researchers, epidemiologists, psychometricians, statisticians, psychologists, sociologists, economists, and ethicists. Collaboration among researchers in different organizations that offer different types of services and various research expertise is the essential element for any successful outcomes project. In this article we discuss collaboration on outcomes research among academic researchers (mainly those who work in colleges of pharmacy), managed care organizations, and research-based pharmaceutical manufacturers, with a focus on the opportunities and challenges facing each party. The pharmaceutical industry needs information to make product and promotion decisions; the managed care industry has data to offer but needs analysis of these data; and pharmacy schools, among other academic institutions, have skilled researchers and data-processing capacity but require projects for revenue, research training, experience, and publications. Challenges do exist with such endeavors, but collaboration could be beneficial in satisfying the needs of the individual parties.  (+info)

Technology assessment, coverage decisions, and conflict: the role of guidelines. (3/473)

As pressure grows for health plans to be accountable for increasing quality of care within a cost-control environment, coverage of new technologies becomes a particularly challenging issue. For a number of reasons, health plans have adopted evidence-based methods for guiding technology decisions. The implementation of these methods has not been free of controversy, and conflicts have arisen between plans and proponents of technologies who often use the political and legal arena in an attempt to secure coverage. Unless these conflicts are resolved, the healthcare system may have difficulty meeting cost and quality objectives. Technology assessment and coverage process guidelines and flexible coverage approaches may be possible ways of resolving these conflicts.  (+info)

The ethical dilemma of population-based medical decision making. (4/473)

Over the past several years, there has been a growing interest in population-based medicine. Some elements in healthcare have used population-based medicine as a technique to decrease healthcare expenditures. However, in their daily practice of medicine, physicians must grapple with the question of whether they incorporate population-based medicine when making decisions for an individual patient. They therefore may encounter an ethical dilemma. Physicians must remember that the physician-patient relationship is of paramount importance and that even well-conducted research may not be applicable to an individual patient.  (+info)

Research, ethics and conflicts of interest. (5/473)

In this paper, I have tried to develop a critique of committee procedures and conflict of interest within research advisory committees and ethical review committees (ERCs). There are specific features of conflict of interest in medical research. Scientists, communities and the subjects of research all have legitimate stakeholdings. The interests of medical scientists are particularly complex, since they are justified by the moral and physical welfare of their research subjects, while the reputations and incomes of scientists depend on the success of their science. Tensions of this kind must at times produce conflict of interest. It is important to recognise that conflicts of interest may unwittingly lead to manipulation of research subjects and their lay representatives on research committees. It is equally important to recognise distinctions between the legal and moral aspects of conflict of interest. Some practical suggestions are made which may go some way towards resolving these difficulties. They indicate what might be needed to ensure the validity of ethical discourse, and to reduce the risks associated with conflict of interest.  (+info)

One editor's views on conflict of interest. (6/473)

The purpose of this article is to discuss the importance of recognizing conflict of interest or bias situations in the peer review and publication process of research papers and to identify some important guidelines or policies that help to minimize these situations. Communication of thoughts, ideas, and information is the basis of how we function as a society. Communicating research results requires us to clearly and accurately communicate all aspects of the research process, including the appropriate interpretation of results. A working definition for conflict of interest or bias with regard to publishing research results is that conflict of interest is a situation in which personal benefit (either direct or indirect) takes priority over the clarity and(or) accuracy of reporting research. These situations are ethical issues and can represent either real or assumed situations. It is true that the review and publication process is not perfect; thus, some bias probably is always present and can be brought to the review and publication process by either the author or those responsible for the process. However, conflict of interest or bias that detracts from the objective evaluation of research or the integrity of a scientific journal is inappropriate. Conflict of interest or bias situations can occur at all levels of the review and publication process and should be dealt with on a factual basis. This article describes several situations as examples and several important guidelines that help minimize the occurrence of conflict of interest or bias.  (+info)

Managed care and ethical conflicts: anything new? (7/473)

Does managed care represent the death knell for the ethical provision of medical care? Much of the current literature suggests as much. In this essay I argue that the types of ethical conflicts brought on by managed care are, in fact, similar to those long faced by physicians and by other professionals. Managed care presents new, but not fundamentally different, factors to be considered in medical decision making. I also suggest ways of better understanding and resolving these conflicts, in part by distinguishing among conflicts of interest, of bias and of obligation.  (+info)

Coverage by the news media of the benefits and risks of medications. (8/473)

BACKGROUND: The news media are an important source of information about new medical treatments, but there is concern that some coverage may be inaccurate and overly enthusiastic. METHODS: We studied coverage by U.S. news media of the benefits and risks of three medications that are used to prevent major diseases. The medications were pravastatin, a cholesterol-lowering drug for the prevention of cardiovascular disease; alendronate, a bisphosphonate for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis; and aspirin, which is used for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. We analyzed a systematic probability sample of 180 newspaper articles (60 for each drug) and 27 television reports that appeared between 1994 and 1998. RESULTS: Of the 207 stories, 83 (40 percent) did not report benefits quantitatively. Of the 124 that did, 103 (83 percent) reported relative benefits only, 3 (2 percent) absolute benefits only, and 18 (15 percent) both absolute and relative benefits. Of the 207 stories, 98 (47 percent) mentioned potential harm to patients, and only 63 (30 percent) mentioned costs. Of the 170 stories citing an expert or a scientific study, 85 (50 percent) cited at least one expert or study with a financial tie to a manufacturer of the drug that had been disclosed in the scientific literature. These ties were disclosed in only 33 (39 percent) of the 85 stories. CONCLUSIONS: News-media stories about medications may include inadequate or incomplete information about the benefits, risks, and costs of the drugs as well as the financial ties between study groups or experts and pharmaceutical manufacturers.  (+info)

*Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest exists even if no unethical or improper act results. A conflict of interest can create an appearance of ... The presence of a conflict of interest is independent of the occurrence of impropriety. Therefore, a conflict of interest can ... it is virtually impossible to avoid having conflicts of interest from time to time. A conflict of interest can, however, become ... A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or ...

*Conflict of Interest (novel)

Conflict of Interest is a legal/suspense thriller written by David Crump in 1997. A paperback edition was published by ...

*A Conflict of Interest

"A Conflict of Interest" is the twelfth episode of the BBC comedy series Yes, Prime Minister and was first broadcast 31 December ... Sir Desmond joins them and Hacker doesn't mention the report during the interview, but is interested in how much the banker ... In return, Sir Humphrey guarantees an immediate cut in interest rates, which Hacker can announce in his speech. Such a cut ... someone in whose interests it will be to assist in the cover-up. The problem is that the favourite for the post is Alexander ...

*Rob Ford conflict of interest trial

... the Municipal Conflict of Interest Act or confer on the City of Toronto authority to create its own conflict of interest regime ... The Rob Ford conflict of interest trial was a civil action by Paul Magder versus the City of Toronto Mayor Rob Ford, held in ... The appeal court found that Ford did violate the conflict of interest law, but the vote of Council itself was not in order, as ... My interpretation of a conflict of interest, again, is it takes two parties and the city must benefit or a member of council ...

*Conflicts of Interest (Babylon 5)

"Conflicts of Interest" is an episode from the fourth season of the science fiction television series Babylon 5. Garibaldi ... The "Voice of the Resistance" airs for the first time, anchored by Ivanova Conflicts of Interest at The Lurker's Guide to ...

*Presidential Conflicts of Interest Act

The Presidential Conflicts of Interest Act of 2017 is a bill introduced by Senator Elizabeth Warren to the United States Senate ... Presidential Conflicts of Interest Act of 2017 on website of United States Congress Text of bill on Scribd "All Bill ... The bill's long title is "A bill to address financial conflicts of interest of the President and Vice President". The ... "All Bill Information (Except Text) for H.R.371 - To address financial conflicts of interest of the President and Vice President ...

*Conflict of interest in the healthcare industry

Conflict of interest in the health care industry occurs when the primary goal of protecting and increasing the health of ... Practice, Committee on Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and; Policy, Board on Health Sciences; Medicine, ... There is a lack of empirical evidence to describe the impact of conflict of interest in the health care industry. Business ... The public and private sectors of the medical-industrial complex have various conflicts of interest which are specific to these ...

*Felicity Goodyear-Smith

Hume, Tim (29 August 2010). "Conflicting interests?". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 12 January 2017. "Felicity Goodyear-Smith , Work ... Goodyear-Smith believes that her work with "under served populations" has "taken [her] to some very interesting places" as part ... to ensure that the process is driven neither by the vested interest of the bio-technical multinational companies on the one ... evaluation of a community-based communication and conflict resolution course for couples". New Zealand Family Physician. 30 (4 ...

*Drew McIntyre

Lennie DiFino (12 October 2007). "Conflicting interests". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 17 October 2007. "CALDWELL'S ...

*Curt Hawkins and Zack Ryder

"Conflicting interests". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2007-11-11. "Interactive altercations". World Wrestling ...

*Jamie Noble

Lennie DiFino (October 12, 2007). "Conflicting interests". WWE. Retrieved 2008-01-02. Lennie DiFino (October 19, 2007). " ...

*George Packer bibliography

July 22, 2013). "Conflicting interests". The Talk of the Town. Comment. The New Yorker. 89 (21): 21-22. - (September 30, 2013 ... Faber Interesting Times: Writings from a Turbulent Decade (2009). ISBN 978-0-374-17572-6 The Unwinding: An Inner History of the ...

*Comorbidity

Van Weel, Chris; Schellevis, François G (2006). "Comorbidity and guidelines: Conflicting interests". The Lancet. 367 (9510): ... Of interest, increasing levels of CPS were associated with significantly lower 90-day survival in the original study of the ... describes the effect of all other diseases an individual patient might have other than the primary disease of interest. Many ...

*Circular 230

Represent clients with conflicting interests. Solicit business using false statements. Cash checks issued by the U.S. Treasury ...

*Environmental impact of war

Bruce Cumings (1998). The Global Politics of Pesticides: Forging Consensus from Conflicting Interests. Earthscan. p. 61. Lutts ... CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Protection of the Environment During Armed Conflict Armed Conflict and Protection of ... Resources are a key source of conflict between nations: "after the end of the Cold War in particular, many have suggested that ... Gledistch, Nils (1997). Conflict and the Environment. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Robinson, J.P (1979). The Effects of Weapons ...

*Face negotiation theory

... the conflict party, or the conflict situation altogether. Obliging: High concern for the other person's conflict interest above ... Distributive conflict tactics use the dominating style of handling conflict, and emphasizes the individuals own power over the ... Passive-indirect conflict tactics are consistent with obliging and avoiding styles of handling conflict and reflects other-face ... Content conflict refers to the substantive issues external to the individual involved. Relational conflict refers to how ...

*Daniel Kriegman

Slavin, M. O. & Kriegman, D. (1998). Bigger than both of us: Double binds, conflicting interests, and the inherent paradoxes of ... Slavin, M. O. & Kriegman, D. (1998, in press). Conflicting interests and the creation of a third space. Psychoanalytic ... Kriegman, D. (2002). Interpreting & Negotiating Conflicts of Interests in the Analytic Relationship: A Discussion of Salee ... Slavin, M. O. & Kriegman, D. (1998). Why the analyst needs to change: Toward a theory of conflict, negotiation, and mutual ...

*History of the petroleum industry in Canada (natural gas)

Many conflicting interests need to be resolved. Forecasters now commonly suggest that western Canada's conventional gas ... After all, those with an interest in a single land use decision could include petroleum producers, Aboriginal communities, ... Farmers, acreage owners and other interested parties quickly made their concerns known. The competing corporations were ...

*General will

... it has no incompatible or conflicting interests; the common good makes itself so manifestly evident that only common sense is ... He is, of course, sharply aware that men have selfish and sectional interests which will lead them to try to oppress others. It ... the common interest then becomes corrupted and meets opposition, voting is no longer unanimous; the general will is no longer ... when particular interests begin to make themselves felt and sectional societies begin to exert an influence over the greater ...

*R. v. North and East Devon Health Authority, ex parte Coughlan

... conflicting interests must be weighed against one another". While this view is generally accepted amongst academics, Mark ... the court would need to balance the public interest and the private interest, legality and certainty. If the private interest ... It contended that the promise was not one that was absolute and unqualified, and there were compelling public interests which ... However, in the case where an overriding public interest demanded, the Health Authority would be justified to break its promise ...

*Bow Locks

The conflicting interests of bargees and millers continued. As the river was important for trade, the engineer John Smeaton was ...

*Dick Persson

This included in the matter of planning decisions and conflicts of interests of the former councillors, the extent of which ... O'Rourke, Claire; Davies, Anne (25 July 2003). "Councils deny interest conflicts". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 ... role of transforming the administration of council through implementing good practice and the removal of conflicts of interests ...

*Health effects of pesticides

Concerns regarding conflict of interests regarding the research base have been raised. After his death Richard Doll of the ... Hardell L, Walker MJ, Walhjalt B, Friedman LS, Richter ED (March 2007). "Secret ties to industry and conflicting interests in ...

*Dongfeng Motor Corporation

ISBN 978-92-808-0946-6. Hannan, Kate (1998). Industrial Change in China Economic Restructuring and Conflicting Interests. ... ISBN 978-0-415-16246-3. Hannan, Kate (1998). Industrial Change in China Economic Restructuring and Conflicting Interests. ... Industrial Change in China Economic Restructuring and Conflicting Interests. Taylor & Francis. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-415-16246-3. ... Industrial Change in China Economic Restructuring and Conflicting Interests. Taylor & Francis. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-415-16246-3. ...

*Interstate 8

There were concerns that John Erreca, the state director of public works, had a conflict of interest with Fratianno and did not ... "FBI Clears Erreca of Interest Conflict". Los Angeles Times. November 4, 1966. p. A8. OCLC 3638237. Brown, Nettie (December 10, ... and the Federal Bureau of Investigation found that there was no conflict of interest. The truck drivers were given $36,000 ( ... The Arizona Highway Department was specifically cited in the report for not taking into account protecting government interests ...

*David F. Swensen

He highlights the conflict of interest inherent in the mutual funds, claiming they want high fee, high turnover funds while ... about how the pursuit of profits by the management companies creates a conflict of interest with fiduciary responsibilities to ...
Downloadable! This paper proposes a method to calculate undistributed profits, thus saving rates of non-financial firms using only the information given in their balance sheets. This allows us to analyze the saving behavior of non-financial firms even in the absence of their statement of cash flows, which contains dividend payments data. The balance sheets of non-financial firms are provided by TurkStat only for 2013 and 2014, so this paper is confined to the cross sectional analysis of the saving behavior of non-financial firms in Turkey. We find that the saving rate increases as past net profit margin increases for firms with profits in the preceding year. For the firms which declare loss in the preceding year, saving rate increases as the past value of net profit margin decreases. Our findings for the rest of the firm-level determinants are consistent with the previous studies: Firm size plays a role on corporate savings; leverage ratio has a negative impact on the saving rate; and the positive
A seriously flawed and inflammatory attack on conflict of interest policies and regulations appeared recently in a most unexpected location: the venerable and trusted New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). In a series of rambling articles, one of the journals national correspondents, Lisa Rosenbaum, supported by the editor in chief, Jeffrey Drazen, tried to rationalise financial conflicts of interest in the medical profession.1 2 3 4 As former senior editors of the NEJM, we find it sad that the medical journal that first called attention to the problem of financial conflicts of interest among physicians would now backtrack so dramatically and indulge in personal attacks on those who disagree.. Physicians and the public rely on journals as unbiased and independent sources of information and to provide leadership to improve trust in medicine and the medical literature. Yet financial conflicts of interest have repeatedly eroded the credibility of both the medical profession and journals.5 6 As ...
In the event that an undisclosed financial interest on the part of an author is brought to the editors attention (usually during the review process), the editor should remind the author of the journals policy and ask the author if he or she has anything to disclose. The authors reply may affect the editorial decision on whether to publish the manuscript. If an editor receives information (usually from a reader) alleging that an author has not disclosed a financial interest in the subject of an article that has been published, the editor should contact the author and ask for an
In the event that an undisclosed financial interest on the part of an author is brought to the editors attention (usually during the review process), the editor should remind the author of the journals policy and ask the author if he or she has anything to disclose. The authors reply may affect the editorial decision on whether to publish the manuscript. If an editor receives information (usually from a reader) alleging that an author has not disclosed a financial interest in the subject of an article that has been published, the editor should contact the author and ask for an
For years, such consulting payments have raised concerns about the impact of money on a doctors decision about which drugs to prescribe or how to interpret research findings. Money can also shift a physicians sense of loyalty, said George Loewenstein, a professor at Carnegie Mellon University who has studied medical conflict-of-interest policies. "If someone has been paying you or employing you, it is very difficult to blow the whistle," said Professor Loewenstein, who teaches economics and psychology. "It offends our sense of loyalty ...
Grant Support: The authors are funded by their academic institutions.. Disclosures: Authors have disclosed no conflicts of interest. Forms can be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M15-1277.. Editors Disclosures: Christine Laine, MD, MPH, Editor in Chief, reports that she has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD, Executive Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Cynthia D. Mulrow, MD, MSc, Senior Deputy Editor, reports that she has no relationships or interests to disclose. Deborah Cotton, MD, MPH, Deputy Editor, reports that she has no financial relationships or interest to disclose. Jaya K. Rao, MD, MHS, Deputy Editor, reports that she has stock holdings/options in Eli Lilly and Pfizer. Sankey V. Williams, MD, Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Catharine B. Stack, PhD, MS, Deputy Editor for Statistics, reports ...
Acknowledgment: The authors thank the patient for sharing her story.. Grant Support: Beyond the Guidelines receives no external support.. Disclosures: Authors not named here have disclosed no conflicts of interest. Disclosures can also be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?ms Num=M15-2885.. Editors Disclosures: Christine Laine, MD, MPH, Editor in Chief, reports that she has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD, Executive Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships or interests to disclose. Cynthia D. Mulrow, MD, MSc, Senior Deputy Editor, reports that she has no relationships or interests to disclose. Deborah Cotton, MD, MPH, Deputy Editor, reports that she has no financial relationships or interest to disclose. Jaya K. Rao, MD, MHS, Deputy Editor, reports that she has stock holdings/options in Eli Lilly and Pfizer. Sankey V. Williams, MD, Deputy Editor, reports that he has no financial relationships ...
Susan Darlow, PhD; Karin Hoffmann, RN, CCM. The ACCME/ANCC/ACPE defines "conflict of interest" as when an individual has an opportunity to affect CE content about products or services of a commercial interest with which he/she has a financial relationship.. ACCME, ACPE, and ANCC focuses on financial relationships with commercial interests in the 12-month period preceding the time that the individual is being asked to assume a role controlling content of the CE activity. ACCME, ACPE, and ANCC have not set a minimal dollar amount for relationships to be significant. Inherent in any amount is the incentive to maintain or increase the value of the relationship. The ACCME, ACPE, and ANCC defines "relevant financial relationships" as financial relationships in any amount occurring within the past 12 months that create a conflict of interest.. All faculty for this continuing education activity are competent in the subject matter and qualified by experience, training, and/or preparation to the tasks ...
On September 17, 1999, 18 year-old Jesse Gelsinger became the first subject in a gene transfer clinical trial to die from a reaction to a recombinant viral vector. Jesse suffered from a deficiency of ornithine-transcarbamylase (OTC), a necessary enzyme, and enrolled in a Phase I dose-escalation trial at the University of Pennsylvania. The clinical trial involved the injection of an adenoviral vector containing the gene. Jesse died after receiving the injection.. Subsequent investigations found that the Principal Investigator was an inventor for the technology used in the trial and held equity in the start-up company to which the technology was licensed. This case brought significant attention to the issue of financial conflicts of interest in research. Additional information about financial conflict of interest can be found on the NIH Conflict of Interest (COI) Page. The HHS regulations governing conflicts of interest, "Responsibility of Applicants for Promoting Objectivity in Research for Which ...
In accordance with the disclosure policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) and FDA guidelines, it is a policy at the ASN for individuals who are in a position to control the content of an educational activity to disclose to the activity participants: 1) the existence of all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interests or other relationships with the manufacturers of any commercial products/devices, or providers of commercial services, that relate to the content of their presentation/materials, or the commercial contributors of this activity, that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest; for this purpose we consider relationships of the person involved in the CME activity to include financial relationships of a spouse or partner and 2) the identification of a commercial product/device that is unlabeled for use or an investigational use of a product/device not yet approved ...
Footnotes. This manuscript has recently been accepted for publication in the European Respiratory Journal. It is published here in its accepted form prior to copyediting and typesetting by our production team. After these production processes are complete and the authors have approved the resulting proofs, the article will move to the latest issue of the ERJ online. Please open or download the PDF to view this article.. Conflict of interest: Dr. EYRIES reports personal fees from Roche Diagnostics France, during the conduct of the study.. Conflict of interest: Dr. NADAUD has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Girerd has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. LEVY has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Bourdin reports grants, personal fees and non-financial support from GSK, grants, personal fees and non-financial support from Astra Zeneca, personal fees and non-financial support from Novartis, grants from MSD, grants and personal fees from Actelion, grants, ...
UC addresses the various aspects of financial conflicts of interests in research through a number of principles, guidelines and policies intended to promote the conduct of research without bias and with the highest scientific and ethical standards.. The University and the Fair Political Practices Commission maintain a list of sponsors that are exempt from the Universitys non-governmental entity financial disclosure requirement.. Contact: Timothy Miller at [email protected] or (510) 987-0647.. ...
The typical conflict of interest arguments that are seen in medicine have to do with financial conflict of interest. If the current reporting database is to be believed they may be considerable. A commentary from Nature earlier this month (5) speaks to the non-financial side of conflicts of interest. The primary focus is on reproducibility as a marker of quality research. They cite the facts that 2/3 of members of the American Society for Cell Biology were unable to reproduce published results and that pharmaceutical researchers were able to reproduce the results from 1/4 or fewer high profile papers. They cite this as the burden of irreproducible research. They touch on what scientific journals have done to counter some of these biases, basically checklists of good design and more statisticians on staff. That may be the case for Science and Nature but what about the raft of online open access journals who not only have a less rigorous review process but in some cases require the authors to ...
Canadian universities are allowing faculty to engage in conflict-of-interest relationships, bring in external lecturers, accept gifts, research funding, and scholarships for their students," she said. "Each of these ties to drug companies can contribute to biased understandings and the dissemination of incorrect information on drugs… Furthermore, having affiliations with drug companies is considered a prestigious and acceptable practice by medical students, who are not taught to decode what these relationships mean." ...
In my opinion, a conflict of interest does not disappear overnight. In the present case, I believe that the existence of a 13 year period during which the researcher held a Big Pharma endowed chair position is absolutely relevant today, even though the researcher has resigned that position. I believe that readers deserve to be informed about that 13-year financial relationship between the researcher and the pharmaceutical industry and that this relationship is relevant to the evaluation of potential bias in the conduct and reporting of the research, even though the relationship ceased to exist in early 2010. Thus, I believe that the conflict should continue to be reported and that the investigator has an obligation to inform journal readers of the past financial relationship ...
The researchers found that, while 83.3% of "clean" systematic reviews (with no conflict of interest) concluded that consuming soft drinks was a potential risk for weight gain, 83% of the reviews in which the authors admitted links with the industry gave the result that the scientific evidence for associating such consumption with weight increase was insufficient. "These findings, underlined Ms. -Rastrollo, increase concern about the exactitude of the results from research financed by the food and drinks industry, although it is true that this research cannot evaluate which available interpretation is correct. In any case, this concern is supported by random and controlled trials amongst both children and adults, and in which a risk association between the consumption of soft drinks and weight gain was observed". The researchers from the University of Navarra point out that "for authors stating they do not have a conflict of interest, systematic reviews financed by the drinks or sugar industry ...
More than a year ago, Ned Feder, former National Institutes of Health researcher and now staff scientist at the linkurl:Project on Government Oversight,;http://www.pogo.org/index.shtml wrote in a linkurl:letter;http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/43576/ appearing in the __The Scientist__ that NIH-funded scientists have been filing financial disclosure statements within their own institutions. However, their disclosure statements are kept secret, within each institution.
Industry provides essential funding but can present researchers with a conflict of interest, argues David Weatherall. For vice-chancellors of impoverished universities, the growing links between academia and industry and the resulting sources of income must be welcome. The situation is equally attractive to academics who see it as a way of augmenting their miserable pay. But the increasing pressures on universities to move in this direction from government funding bodies are presenting problems that could have serious implications. Nowhere are these stresses and strains more evident than in biomedical research. Recently, the New England Journal of Medicine, which justly prides itself on its particularly tough conflict-of-interest guidelines, had to apologise publicly for falling standards over the past few years. An internal inquiry disclosed that nearly half the 40 articles on drug therapy published since 1997 were written by authors with serious conflicts of interest based on their ...
The Stark Law, you should know, generally prohibits physicians from referring Medicare patients for certain designated health services to entities with which the physician (or immediate family members) has a financial relationship (i.e., self-referring), and it prohibits the entity from billing Medicare for services provided pursuant to such prohibited referral.. The "financial relationship" that a physician might have with an entity can come in many forms: through his/her ownership of an interest in the entity, through employment (i.e., the "entity" can be the doctors own group practice) or independent contract with the entity, or some other contractual relationship with the entity. A typical example might be a physicians part ownership of a laboratory facility to which he refers a patient. Or, instead, perhaps the physician is the medical director of the lab to which he refers a patient. Or, the physician leases space, as landlord, to the lab.. The designated health services covered by Stark ...
USOC President LeRoy Walker has dropped the organizations conflict-of-interest issue regarding the selection of a new President. The matter will not be on the Executive Boards agenda this weeken
However, many initiatives have been taken in the recent years like the new Strategic purchase model with private industry involvement,Defence procurement focus on Indigenous design ,development & manufacturing "IDDM",Make in India & Skill India mission .All these need to be implemented effectively.. Similarly recent reports of CAG on Akaash missiles and defence procurement needs to be taken seriously.. India needs to emulate the French model of integrated procurement and acquisition structure.. ...
I have shown you previously that there are any number of ways to set up studies to get the results you are looking for. More specifically, many researchers use a technique commonly known as "Data Mining". When researchers "mine" data, it means that they do their study, and then look at the data to see if there is any conceivable way that it can be twisted to get to the sought after end point. Oh; I see. You are one of those people who still believe that scientific research is "independent", "unbiased", and "untainted" by financial conflicts of interest. Trust me. With our government so deeply entwined with so-called "EVIDENCE-BASED MEDICINE" (HERE is one such example), and drug companies always looking for new ways to cash in, it is difficult to trust anyone anymore. Science is bought and paid for by the highest bidder. Mostly it is whatever he who has the most cash says it is. Dont believe me? Check out the link on EBM above ...
Disclosure Statement of Financial Interest I, Carlo Briguori DO NOT have a financial interest/arrangement or affiliation with one or more organizations that could be perceived as a real or apparent conflict of interest in the context of the subject of this presentation. This is the Bulleted List slide. To create this particular slide, click the NEW SLIDE button on your toolbar and choose the BULLETED LIST format. (Top row, second from left) The Sub-Heading and footnote will not appear when you insert a new slide. If you need either one, copy and paste it from the sample slide. If you choose not to use a Sub-Heading, let us know when you hand in your presentation for clean-up and well adjust where the bullets begin on your master page. Also, be sure to insert the presentation title onto the BULLETED LIST MASTER as follows: Choose View / Master / Slide Master from your menu. Select the text at the bottom of the slide and type in a short version of your presentation title. Click the SLIDE VIEW button in
This is the first systematic examination of financial conflicts of interest in medicine. Marc Rodwin examines the evolution of those medical practices and institutions that left the profession open to conflicts of interest and makes clear suggestions for reform.
XVIIIe Colloque panquébécois des étudiants et étudiantes de l Institut des sciences mathématiques 15 au 17 mai Mot du comité d organisation Chers participants, C est avec grand plaisir que nous
Biomarkers in Colorectal Cancer Management: KRAS Mutations and EGFR Inhibitors. Mace L. Rothenberg, M.D. Professor of Medicine Ingram Professor of Cancer Research. Conflict of Interest Disclosure. Consultant or Advisory Role. Stock Ownership. Biomarkers in CRC Management. Slideshow 5124493 by caraf
Shop With the 20th century fast approaching and the landscape on conflict rapidly changing the British government felt the need to update their standard issue L1A1 battle rifle to something more suited to the changing face of modern war. Born from this effort came the L85A1 assault rifle, a gas operated ... , Airsoft Guns, Airsoft Electric Rifles, Other AEG
Shop With the 20th century fast approaching and the landscape on conflict rapidly changing the British government felt the need to update their standard issue L1A1 battle rifle to something more suited to the changing face of modern war. Born from this effort came the L85A1 assault rifle, a gas operated ... , Airsoft Guns, Airsoft Electric Rifles, JG / GB / Jing Gong
The five-page complaint, which was obtained by The Hill, accuses Issa of using his position as chairman of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee to add to his multimillion-dollar fortune. An Issa spokesman on Monday said the allegations have absolutely no merit and are part of a smear campaign spearheaded by the White House.. The complaint alleges that Issa pressured the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to halt an investigation of Goldman Sachs shortly after he bought a huge stake in one of Goldman s high-yield mutual funds.. It also claims Issa used his authority to improperly defend Merrill Lynch, a firm with which he has a significant financial interest, the document states ...
Some physicians have a financial stake in the sales of medical devices they implant into patients. Few disclose their financial interest.
5: 1101-1112 Crossref Optimal generic download an elementary proof non-financial department of MG-63 subtasks in regenerative science scaffoldWen-Ta Su, Yun-Ting Wang, Chih-Ming ChouJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. calcium Editorial for food delivery engineeringHuifeng Wang, Jing Li, Hailin Yang, Chao Liu, Jianming RuanMaterials Science and Engineering: C. 40: 71-75 detection automata of successfully prominent implanted ideal challenges with micro-channelsZhi-xiang Cui, Hai-bin Zhao, Yi-yan Peng, Yottha Srithep, Lih-Sheng Turng, Chang-yu ShenChinese Journal of Polymer Science. Rozina Ashraf, Ayesha Kausar, Muhammad SiddiqIranian Polymer Journal. 7: 531-545 Crossref Surface download an elementary proof of the cayley hamilton theorem of syndrome Reports promoted via domestic tax working for Crossref value engineeringChih-Hao Chen, Ming-Yih Lee, Victor Bong-Hang Shyu, Yi-Chieh Chen, Chien-Tzung Chen, Jyh-Ping ChenMaterials Science and Engineering: C. 40: 389-397 Crossref ...
Spire Wellesley Hospital - CMA compliance. Specific information about our relationship with consultants, including key charges made by Spire and any financial interests in Spire held by referring clinicians are set out below.
I just came across this product on Prohealth. I have no financial interest in Prohealth....just wondering if anyone has tried it or heard of it, and...
Global IT executive Jitender Arora and Dwayne Melancon, Tripwires CTO, will demonstrate the pitfalls and offer tips and tricks for communicating security initiatives with executives and non-financial stakeholders. In this webcast, you will learn how to: ...
According to the projections of the Queensland Treasury, the non-financial public sector (NFPS) debt will grow to $81 billion by 2020-21 (Table D1, 2017-18 Budget Paper 2). Is this a reason to be…
In compliance with UEMS/EACCME guidelines, the authors and experts involved in the elaboration of the e-learning activity confirm that they have disclosed any potential conflicts of interest or support that might cause a bias in their presentation.. Professor Jacques Marescaux, WebSurg Editor in Chief, accepts that WebSurg is responsible for ensuring that all potential conflicts of interest relevant to the e-learning activity are declared to the learners prior to engaging in it. ...
By Jaebeom Kim; Abstract: The goal of this paper is to examine the hypothesis of real interest rate parity by contrasting real interest rates
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Для развития любого вида творчества нужна критика.С помощью критики можно указывать на недостатки,что в свою очередь поможет прогрессиров ...
ACP Internist and American College of Physicians Internal medicine physicians are specialists who apply scientific knowledge and clinical expertise to the diagnosis, treatment, and compassionate care of adults across the spectrum from health to complex illness. ACP Internist provides news and information for internists about the practice of medicine and reports on the policies, products and activities of ACP. All published material, which is covered by copyright, represents the views of the contributor and does not reflect the opinion of the American College of Physicians or any other institution unless clearly stated. ...
Most important medical journals have conflict of interest disclosure policies, but barely half require individual disclosure from every author, and the details on what to disclose vary considerably, r
A new study suggests the revised mental health bible, scheduled for publication in May 2013, is ripe with financial conflicts of interest.
A. Statement of Purpose INSIDER TRADING POLICY (To be read in conjunction with the Disclosure Policy) This and Insider Trading Policy (the Policy ) exists to advise all directors, officers, employees and
To date, this blog has not accepted payment in the form of advertisements, sponsored topics or any other exchange of goods or money. Free product and services have not been accepted. Should this change, the Disclosure Policy will be updated and the title changed to indicate the date. Therefore, the appearance or mention of any product or service can be assumed to be a result of my own personal opinion which remains uninfluenced by the potential for financial gain ...
... - a blog that containing of health articles, also focus on health issues, medicare and all disease
As a security company, keeping our customers safe is Sophoss primary concern. Sophos uses a Secure Development Lifecycle process to integrate security into its products from design, through development and release. However, sometimes vulnerabilities escape detection, or new exploits are released after the product is already on the market.. At Sophos we investigate all received vulnerability reports and implement the best course of action in order to protect our customers.. If you are a security researcher and have discovered a security vulnerability in our products, we appreciate your help in disclosing it to us in a responsible manner.. If you identify a verified vulnerability in compliance with Sophoss Responsible Disclosure Policy, Sophos commits to:. ...
The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai requires that each teacher/contributor or individual in a position to control the content of a CME activity accredited by the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary disclose the existence of any relevant financial interests or other relationships (e.g. paid speaker, employee, paid consultant on a board and/or committee for a commercial company) that would potentially affect the objectivity of activity content. Teachers/Contributors are also asked to make a disclosure that a product is still investigational when an unlabeled use of a commercial product or an investigational use, not yet approved for any purpose, is discussed during an educational activity. The disclosed information in no way presumes to assess the contributors qualifications or suitability. The intention is to provide full disclosure of any potential conflict of interest, real or apparent, which is related to a specific educational activity. Individuals who neglect to provide information ...
Under the PID Act, every Australian Government agency must appoint authorised officers to handle public interest disclosures. Disclosures can also be made to a supervisor or manager, who must pass it to an authorised officer.. AIHW authorised officers are:. Mr Andrew ...
Assisted reproductive technology is a highly profitable global industry, with fertility clinics increasingly being regarded as an attractive investment option.
The fake Willie Soon controversy comes back to bite Harvard in the rear.. Heres the original story that broke on JunkScience.com this morning.. Below is Lord Moncktons letter to Harvard (Click image to enlarge). Click here for PDF version.. ...
The faculty, committee members, and staff who are in position to control the content of this activity are required to disclose to the Endocrine Society and to learners any relevant financial relationship(s) of the individual or spouse/partner that have occurred within the last 12 months with any commercial interest(s) whose products or services are related to the CME content. Financial relationships are defined by remuneration in any amount from the commercial interest(s) in the form of grants; research support; consulting fees; salary; ownership interest (eg, stocks, stock options, or ownership interest excluding diversified mutual funds); honoraria or other payments for participation in speakers bureaus, advisory boards, or boards of directors; or other financial benefits. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent CME planners with relevant financial relationships from planning or delivery of content, but rather to provide learners with information that allows them to make their own ...
As a sponsor accredited by the ACCME, it is the policy of PER® to ensure fair balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor in all of its CME activities. In compliance with ACCME guidelines, PER® requires everyone who is in a position to control the content of a CME activity to disclose all relevant financial relationships with commercial interests. The ACCME defines "relevant financial relationships" as financial relationships in any amount occurring within the past 12 months that creates a COI.. Additionally, PER® is required by ACCME to resolve all COI. PER® has identified and resolved all COI prior to the start of this activity by using a multistep process.. ...
A. All Academy Leaders and persons in a position to influence the content of Academy-sponsored CME must submit a Disclosure Form of all financial relationships in any amount and uncompensated interactions with Companies within the previous 12 months prior to their participation in the activity. In the context of this Conflict of Interest policy, "CME" encompasses the Academys full spectrum of educational activities, including those qualifying for CME credit, as well as the Academys non-credit-bearing educational initiatives, programming and products, including but not limited to ONE Network non-accredited content, practice management resources, quality of care research and publications, and Journal article authorship, selection and review.. B. Members of the Board of Trustees and members of the Committee of Secretaries will be asked to disclose additional information on the Academy Leader Disclosure Form indicating whether their disclosed direct financial relationships with Companies are under ...
24 June 2017 - Medical Representative Jobs in U.A. Biotech Pvt. Ltd. - Jabalpur. Having the Prior experience of minimum 6 Months.Qualification :- Graduate in any discipline.Experience :-
It influences how physicians make decisions and how guideline panels come up with their guidelines," said Brett D. Thombs, of McGill University and the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal, whose findings are published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA ...
The Guardian The government yesterday announced sweeping changes to the medicines watchdog body after years of criticism and pressure, banning those who sit on its central licensing committee from having any personal or financial interests in pharmaceutical companies. Lord Warner, the health minister, said those who sat on the regulatory body would in future have three months to sell their shares and end their potentially lucrative consultancy agreements with drug companies. As the Guardian revealed last month, many of the doctors and scientists who sit on the present Committee on the Safety of Medicines (CSM), granting drug companies licences to sell medicines, also work as paid consultants to the industry. In 2001, 17 out of 36 members declared personal financial interests in drug companies, while more had indirect interests. When drugs in which they have an interest are discussed, members have to leave the room. Lord Warner yesterday went further than expected with a root and branch excision ...
Note: drug companies have a vested interest in promoting drug, rather than dietary, approaches to LDL-lowering.. Comment: Conflicts of interest do not necessarily mean that the results of the study were manipulated or wrong. They do mean that the methods and results require more than the usual level of scrutiny. Sponsored studies almost invariably produce results consistent with the sponsors economic or marketing interests.. Its likely that some industry-sponsored studies produce conclusions contrary to the sponsors interest. If you know of any, please send.. ...
1. Many of the reviews contain lots of factual information that is easily verifiable. We always try to provide an honest and accurate assessment.. 2. The review includes a section that is a subjective summary. This is based on the personal experience of the reviewer.. 3. Attempts are made to establish the general consensus in relation to specific products by reading reviews of those products on other sites, along with user testimonials and we attempt to portray this overall perception in our reviews.. 4. We always provide links to the manufacturers website to provide additional information that is not available in our reviews. Some of this information can include customer testimonials, more specific product details, sales information, free newsletters and even samples.. These are good rules of practice. It is important for you as a consumer to understand the relationship between a person reviewing the product and the manufacturer. ...
As we want all the information on Hypertension Solutions to be as accurate as possible we pass the responsibility of researching and writing the articles on Hypertension Solutions to real Doctors and the name of the Doctor that has researched and written the article will be at the bottom of each article.. ...
Each speaker is required to disclose any relevant financial relationships at least six weeks prior to the scheduled presentation date. Speakers refusing to disclose relevant financial relationships will be disqualified from any involvement in the activity. Disclosures are published in the activity materials and are also presented in a PowerPoint slide prior to each presentation. NFID is committed to resolving all conflicts of interest prior to the educational activity being delivered to participants. In advance of the activity, conflicts of interest may be resolved by either altering control over content or independent peer review and validation of content to verify scientific basis and integrity. Actions that resolve conflicts of interest include: revised faculty assignment; non-conflicted external review of content; peer review of content by planning committee; and best available evidence used in presentation ...
The presence of a conflict of interest is independent of the occurrence of impropriety. Therefore, a conflict of interest can be discovered and voluntarily defused before any corruption occurs. A widely used definition is: "A conflict of interest is a set of circumstances that creates a risk that professional judgement or actions regarding a primary interest will be unduly influenced by a secondary interest." Primary interest refers to the principal goals of the profession or activity, such as the protection of clients, the health of patients, the integrity of research, and the duties of public office. Secondary interest includes not only financial gain but also such motives as the desire for professional advancement and the wish to do favours for family and friends, but conflict of interest rules usually focus on financial relationships because they are relatively more objective, fungible, and quantifiable. The secondary interests are not treated as wrong in themselves, but become objectionable ...
The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics has implemented a process where everyone who is in a position to influence and/or control the content of a continuing education activity must disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest within the past 12 months and any conflicts must be resolved prior to the activity. Participants of educational programs must be informed of an organizers and/or a presenters academic and professional affiliations and existence of any relevant financial relationship a presenter has with any proprietary entity producing heath care goods or services consumed by, or used on patients, with the exemption of non-profit or government organization and non-health care related companies. The intent of this disclosure is not to prevent a speaker from making a presentation. This policy allows the participant to be fully knowledgeable in evaluating the information being presented. All disclosures have been reviewed by the Education ...
Disclosure Financial relationships - none with companies or personnel that would have an impact on presentation Financial relationships - married - enough said Other disclosures - wife says I am old and crotchety -probably true I love animals.
The conflict_,schema,_,table, table contains information about conflicting rows in peer-to-peer replication. A conflict table exists for each replicated table in a publication, where the name of the conflict table is appended with the schema and article name. These article-specific conflict tables exist in each publication database.. For peer-to-peer replication, by default, the Distribution Agent fails when it detects a conflict. A conflict error is logged into the error log, but no conflict data is logged into the conflict table; therefore it is not available for viewing. If the Distribution Agent is allowed to continue, a conflict is logged locally on each node where it was detected. For more information, see "Handling Conflicts" in Conflict Detection in Peer-to-Peer Replication. ...
Before the activity, all faculty and anyone who is in a position to have control over the content of this activity and their spouse/life partner will disclose the existence of any financial interest and/or relationship(s) they might have with any commercial interest producing healthcare goods/services to be discussed during their presentation(s): honoraria, expenses, grants, consulting roles, speakers bureau membership, stock ownership, or other special relationships. Presenters will inform participants of any off-label discussions. All identified conflicts of interest are thoroughly vetted by Medical Learning Institute, Inc. for fair balance, scientific objectivity of studies mentioned in the materials or used as the basis for content, and appropriateness of patient care recommendations.. The associates of Medical Learning Institute, Inc., the accredited provider for this activity, and PVI, PeerView Institute for Medical Education do not have any financial relationships or relationships to ...
Before the activity, all faculty and anyone who is in a position to have control over the content of this activity and their spouse/life partner will disclose the existence of any financial interest and/or relationship(s) they might have with any commercial interest producing healthcare goods/services to be discussed during their presentation(s): honoraria, expenses, grants, consulting roles, speakers bureau membership, stock ownership, or other special relationships. Presenters will inform participants of any off-label discussions. All identified conflicts of interest are thoroughly vetted by Medical Learning Institute, Inc. for fair balance, scientific objectivity of studies mentioned in the materials or used as the basis for content, and appropriateness of patient care recommendations. The associates of Medical Learning Institute, Inc., the accredited provider for this activity, and PVI, PeerView Institute for Medical Education do not have any financial relationships or relationships to ...
In the interest of maintaining the independence of its continuing medical education (CME) activities, and in accordance with the policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the IAS-USA requires all persons with control of content (ie, faculty, IAS-USA Board members, and program staff) to disclose any financial relationships that they or their spouses or partners have had with commercial companies within the past 12 months. Any real or apparent conflicts of interest of those parties are resolved prior to the CME activity being delivered. Individuals who refuse to disclose financial interests may not participate in an IAS-USA CME activity.. ...
In the interest of maintaining the independence of its continuing medical education (CME) activities, and in accordance with the policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the IAS-USA requires all persons with control of content (ie, faculty, IAS-USA Board members, and program staff) to disclose any financial relationships that they or their spouses or partners have had with commercial companies within the past 12 months. Any real or apparent conflicts of interest of those parties are resolved prior to the CME activity being delivered. Individuals who refuse to disclose financial interests may not participate in an IAS-USA CME activity.. ...
... Actually, the algae isnt tiring me. Im tired of the people trying to sell it to me. Most blue-green algae is sold in a multi-level marketing scheme through Cell Tech. Sellers see me, a physician, as a potentially lucrative franchise to sell algae for them. So I get two or three sales calls every week (once as many as twenty). Never mind that selling algae to make myself money is a conflict-of-interest and an unethical ploy already encouraged by pharmaceutical companies (The only solution I see for your diagnosis, Mr. Smith, is blue-green algae, which I happen to have right here...). Ive tried the algae and it doesnt do much for me. The cost/benefit ratio is poor. Nevertheless, in the past three years Ive received over 400 phone calls, dozens of tapes in the mail, and had people barge into my office and home, all selling algae. One salesperson has continued to call me for almost three years! So what is blue-green algae and why does it make people so ...
by Alliance for Natural Health These vitamins come from a major drug company. Maybe we should conclude that vitamins made by a drug company reduce cancer and
U.S. Sen. Al Franken (D-Minn.) proposed a bill Nov. 15 that aims to promote devices that treat rare diseases, ease conflict-of-interest regulations for approval committees and lift a profit cap on humanitarian use devices. The legislation would bring devices to market faster, he said.
Conflict of interest. Avicenna Journals (Advancements in Science) requires all authors to disclose any financial conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. Authors must declare any such conflict in the cover letter accompanying the manuscript and in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript itself.. Manuscript Submission. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).. Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files.. Title Page. The title page should include:. ...
Bonjour Conformance Test Version 1.2.8 Started Tue Nov 20 12:57:22 2012 Completed Wed Nov 21 09:00:08 2012 Link-Local Address Allocation ----------------------------- PASSED: INITIAL PROBING PASSED: PROBING: RATE LIMITING PASSED: PROBING: CONFLICTING SIMULTANEOUS PROBES PASSED: PROBING: PROBE DENIALS PASSED: PROBING COMPLETION WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT WARNING: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS: RE-PROBE AFTER FIRST CONFLICT PASSED: SUBSEQUENT CONFLICTS PASSED: HOT-PLUG: USE OF PREVIOUS ADDRESS AS FIRST PROBE CANDIDATE PASSED: CABLE CHANGE HANDLING ...
The incoming editor of the journal this week responded to reports about an apparent conflict of interest stemming from his ties to drug companies. Dr. Jeffrey Drazen, who becomes editor in July, said he may have made a mistake last year when he praised a new asthma drug made by a company that had hired him to evaluate studies about the medication. He also said he would divest himself of any financial interests in drug companies before taking over as editor ...
For Health Care Professionals: This same information, written for health care professionals, can be found here.. Disclosure: The authors have no financial conflict of interest relevant to this educational post.. Last updated: June 22nd, 2011. Disclaimer: ClotConnect.org, its contributors, authors, advisors, members and affiliate organizations do not assume any liability for the content of the website, blog and educational materials. Medical information changes rapidly. While information is believed to be correct, no representation is made and no responsibility is assumed for the accuracy of information contained on or available through this web site and blog. Information is subject to change without notice. ...
What Sinclair Lewis admiringly described 80 years ago as "the cold, clear light" of medical science - a single-minded impartial commitment to truth and human welfare transcending all external influence - is becoming hard to find. Instead, we often see only a refracted spectrum of partisan interests that can be impossible to reassemble into truth.. Is the nice pen I accept from a drug company an implicit promise that I will prescribe the drug whose name is etched on its barrel, or is it just a pen? Does the grant money a researcher receives from a pharmaceutical company indicate that the research will be subtly prejudiced, or is it just money? And even when financial issues are not involved, what about all the other less tangible factors that may sway scientific judgments, from the philosophical convictions of interest groups to individual researchers determination to enhance their own reputations?. These questions have escalated in our time, experts say, because our society increasingly forces ...
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Strengths of non-financial co-ops ... Non-financial Co-op-Employment Growth ... The most interventionist countries and the most committed in supporting the co ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 144979-ZTY1M
Free Online Library: AMGEN SIGNS WITH SWEDISH DRUG COMPANY.(Business, Statistical Data Included) by Daily News (Los Angeles, CA); News, opinion and commentary General interest Pharmaceutical industry
ACCF committee members, faculty, staff and other individuals who are in a position to control the content of this activity are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships he/she and/or his/her spouse or domestic partner has, occurring within the past twelve months, with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services consumed by, or used on, patients. All relevant potential conflicts of interest that are identified are thoroughly vetted through a process that includes course directors and appropriate peer review by education committee chairs/members, for fair balance, scientific objectivity and validity, patient care and safety recommendations. Refer to the links below for committee member disclosures and course faculty disclosures. Please note ACCF staff involved with this course have nothing to disclose. ...
Dear Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman,. Can you please provide me with a copy of your policy or documented procedures, which ensure there is no conflict of interest when an internal professional advisor to the PHSO offers health advice re: a complaint about an NHS hospital?. [Extraneous Material removed]. Yours faithfully ...
Trauma: An Evidence Based Perspective was held on August 13th. Over 70 NCPIC members and guests attended this meeting. Here are presentations from Flo Stein and
Integrity Continuing Education and Global Education Group require instructors, planners, managers, and other individuals who are in a position to control the content of this activity to disclose any real or apparent conflict of interest they may have as related to the content of this activity. All identified conflicts of interest are thoroughly vetted by Integrity Continuing Education and Global Education Group for fair balance, scientific objectivity of studies mentioned in the materials or used as the basis for content, and appropriateness of patient care recommendations. Integrity Continuing Education and Global Education Group are committed to providing learners with high-quality CME/CE activities and related materials that promote improvement or quality in healthcare and not a specific proprietary business interest or a commercial interest.. The faculty/planners reported their financial relationships or relationships to products or devices they or their spouse/life partner have with ...
So far were not seeing companies or governments say who should PAY for all the coronavirus costs-medical care plus lost sales, lost compensation and lost productivity. On the MedPage Today online newsletter I enjoy, readers and political leaders often call for drug companies to pay for all kinds of things.. We can see one PR peril of drug companies when we read that candidate Yang says drug companies "profited to the tune of tens of billions of dollars" from opioids. He says "we will take back those profits" although billions and billions in opioid sales are for use in hospitals and lawful prescriptions to avoid pain and even agony by millions of patients. Public policy ideas that could be even more costly come from Sen. Klobuchar. She says: "We will get [from drug companies] $40 billion from a coming settlement," and "we can put a 2-cents-per-milligram tax on opioids that brings in another $40 billion.". The PR challenge is for drug and other companies to make clear that there is no free ...
Ten of the worlds biggest drug companies -- normally the most competitive of rivals -- are joining with U.S. health experts in an unusual new effort to develop treatments for major diseases. Th...
Public Release: 23-Nov-2016 Experts call for fair vaccine pricing, not random acts of charity BMJ Drug companies should stop using donations to atone those who cannot afford expensive vaccines and instead lower prices, argue experts in The BMJ today. It follows a recent decision by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) to refuse a donation of one…
A drug company produces a drug from two ingredients. Each ingredient contains the same three antibiotics, in different proportions. One gram of ingredient 1 contributes 3 units, and 1 gram of ingredient 2 contributes 1 unit of.
a) For any COI identified by the IRB as having the potential to affect the approval, review, design, conduct or reporting of research and meeting the applicable monetary thresholds as determined by federal regulations, the IRB Administrator will report the matter in accordance with applicable standards as determined by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS, Public Health Service (PHS) and/or National Institute of Health (NIH ...
The faculty, committee members, and staff who are in position to control the content of this activity are required to disclose to USCAP and to learners any relevant financial relationship(s) of the individual or spouse/partner that have occurred within the last 12 months with any commercial interest(s) whose products or services are related to the CME content. USCAP has reviewed all disclosures and resolved or managed all identified conflicts of interest, as applicable ...
Course director(s), planning committee, faculty, and all others who are in a position to control the content of this educational activity are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest related to the subject matter of the educational activity. Safeguards against commercial bias have been put in place. Faculty members also will disclose any off-label and/or investigational use of pharmaceuticals or instruments discussed in their presentations. Disclosure of this information will be published in course materials so those participants in the activity may formulate their own judgments regarding the presentations.. ...
Financial Relations for all individuals in control of content:. In accordance with the ACCME Standards for Commercial Support and policy of EMedHome.com, all individuals with control over CME content (including but not limited to staff, planners, reviewers, and faculty) must disclose whether or not they have any relevant financial relationship(s) to learners prior to the start of the activity.. No individuals have indicated, that they have a relationship which, in the context of their involvement in the CME activity, could be perceived by some as a real or apparent conflict of interest (eg, ownership of stock, grants, honoraria, or consulting fees).. ...
When the available evidence doesnt support your conclusions, but you are certain you are right, then you have limited choices: either admit that you may be wrong, or find reasons that the evidence as presented is wrong. The CLD folks point out a couple of things. First, they are concerned that the IDSA guidelines are tainted by conflicts of interest (COIs). They have made a very unconvincing case for this. For a conflict of interest to have a deleterious effect it must be significant, and the party with the conflict must be able to benefit from abusing the conflict. No such situation exists. The tortured logic of the CLD advocates is pained, to say the least. They claim that the IDSA ignored evidence, and had COIs that would drive them to create the current guidelines. To quote ethicist Dr. Janet Stemwedel in relation to the JME article:. ...
Mr. Speaker, we increased the Canada Councils budget and the Bloc Québécois voted against it. That is what the Bloc Québécois dared to vote against. We also provided funding for the Festival de la Galette, which they voted against, the FestiVoix, which they voted against, and the Festival Envol et Macadam, which they voted against. We also decided to fund the jazz festival and more, and they voted against it.. Every time we increase funding for the arts and culture, the Bloc Québécois votes against our measures. We are committed to a Canada-wide program that is good for the whole country and all artists, and the Bloc opposes our proposals. ...
Footnotes. This manuscript has recently been accepted for publication in the European Respiratory Journal. It is published here in its accepted form prior to copyediting and typesetting by our production team. After these production processes are complete and the authors have approved the resulting proofs, the article will move to the latest issue of the ERJ online. Please open or download the PDF to view this article.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Dewachter has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Soranna has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Sandy Carolino DAraujo. Conflict of interest: Dr. Khaldi has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Zambon has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Parati has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Bondue has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Vachiéry reports grants from Actelion, outside the submitted work.. Conflict of interest: Dr. Carolino DAraujo has nothing to disclose.. Conflict of ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluating pharmaceutical marketing knowledge and attitude among medical representative in Mumbai city. T2 - A quantitative study. AU - Ligade, Virendra. AU - Bhegade, Juilee. PY - 2020/1/1. Y1 - 2020/1/1. N2 - Medical representatives are important members of pharmaceutical companies. They are hired based on some specific criteria like basic knowledge about clinical, pharmaceutical marketing, and selling skills which are suitable to interact with healthcare providers. They provide drugs information to healthcare professionals and help pharmaceutical companies to generate the sales. After hiring for medical representative, companies provide training on many aspects. Along with scientific research knowledge, they often need to be updated and well versed with pharmaceutical marketing knowledge. For success of any medical representative, sound knowledge of pharmaceutical marketing is necessary. Knowledge and attitude regarding pharmaceutical marketing need to be ascertained by ...
Find Medical Devices market research reports and Medical Devices industry market forecast covering Healthcare industry trends, market segmentation, market share, opportunities, market growth and market projection by MicroMarketMonitor.com
The staff of Physicians Education Resource®, LLC (PER®), and the editorial staff of The American Journal of Hematology/Oncology® have no relevant financial relationships with commercial interests to disclose.. It is the policy of PER® to ensure fair balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific objectivity in all of our CME/CE activities. In accordance with ACCME guidelines, PER® requires everyone who is in a position to control the content of an educational activity, including spouses/partners, to disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest to participants as part of the activity planning process. PER® has implemented mechanisms to identify and resolve all conflicts of interest prior to release of this activity.. ...
This clinical trial is studying neuropsychological and behavioral testing in young patients with medulloblastoma or supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00772200. Location:. Essentia Health Duluth. Disclosures:. None. For more information about a financial conflict of interest (FCOI), review the Essentia Health FCOI policy.. Last Updated: 07/09/2012 ...
The Office of Research Integrity is responsible for protecting the integrity of PHS extramural and intramural research programs, with the exception of the regulatory research activities of the Food and Drug Administration. ORI carries out its responsibility by: developing and promulgating policies, procedures, rules and regulations; providing workshops, conferences, and educational materials on the responsible conduct of research and the promotion of research integrity; conducting (or funding) evaluations and research studies on research integrity and research misconduct; administering an assurances program; reviewing investigations conducted by applicant or awardee institutions; conducting investigations at applicant or awardee institutions and in the PHS intramural research programs; presenting misconduct findings in adminstrative hearings before the HHS Departmental Appeals Board (DAB); and promoting scientific integrity.. ...
... Published by QYResearch at researchbeam.com . United States Urology Devices Industry 2015 Deep Market Research Report is a research report by Key Manufacturers, Applications, Developments and Trends with covering regions China, US, Europe & Japan
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa Vol 26, No 4: RV function and hepatosteatosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Left atrial function and conduction in Maras powder users and smokers, Postoperative atrial fibrillation with left atrial myxoma, Sickle cell trait and chronic kidney disease in Congolese patients, Clinical outcomes of IABP during coronary artery bypass surgery, Anaemia among heart failure patients at Brazzaville Hospital, Antibiotic recipe for arrhythmic disaster, Unusual cause of large fibrinous pericardial effusion, Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia with thrombosis

Research Misconduct Policy and Procedures | Policies | Western Michigan UniversityResearch Misconduct Policy and Procedures | Policies | Western Michigan University

... based on bias or conflict of interest. The VPR will determine whether the evidence of bias or conflict of interest warrants ... or financial conflicts of interest with the Respondent(s), Complainant(s) or others involved in the matter. Any such conflict ... based on bias or conflict of interest. The VPR will determine whether the evidence of perceived bias or conflict warrants ... The Inquiry Committee should consist of three individuals who do not have real or apparent conflicts of interest in the case, ...
more infohttp://www.wmich.edu/node/36490

Trade policy and health: from conflicting interests to policy coherenceTrade policy and health: from conflicting interests to policy coherence

2007)‎. Trade policy and health: from conflicting interests to policy coherence. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 85 ...
more infohttps://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/269840?locale-attribute=de

Conflicts Of InterestConflicts Of Interest

It appears that President Dmitry Medvedev was serious when he proposed on Wednesday that government officials be removed from the board of directors of state companies.
more infohttps://www.rferl.org/a/conflicts_of_interest/3543247.html

Conflict of Interest | UCOPConflict of Interest | UCOP

Conflict of interest. UC addresses the various aspects of financial conflicts of interests in research through a number of ... Conflict-of-interest policy for PHS-funded research PDF August 23, 2012. Policy on the disclosure of financial interests and ... Conflict-of-interest policy and compendium of specialized university policies, guidelines and regulations related to conflict- ... Policy on disclosure of financial interests and management of conflicts of interest related to sponsored projects. ...
more infohttp://ucop.edu/research-policy-analysis-coordination/policies-guidance/conflict-of-interest/index.html

Scottsdale schools reconsiders conflict of interest rulesScottsdale schools reconsiders conflict of interest rules

... every district employee would file a conflict-of-interest disclosure form at the start of their employment. ... What is a conflict of interest?. Arizona law requires that public officers and employees avoid conflicts of interest that might ... Under a proposed policy, every district employee would file a conflict-of-interest disclosure form at the start of their ... Under the proposed policy, every district employee would file a conflict-of-interest disclosure form at the start of their ...
more infohttps://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/scottsdale-education/2018/06/28/scottsdale-unified-school-district-new-conflict-interest-rules-after-cfo-laura-smith-indictment/736967002/

Project MUSE - Who is Responsible for this Patient?: A Case Study Analysis of Conflicting Interests between Patient, Family...Project MUSE - 'Who is Responsible for this Patient?': A Case Study Analysis of Conflicting Interests between Patient, Family...

Who is Responsible for this Patient?:A Case Study Analysis of Conflicting Interests between Patient, Family and Doctor in a ... Who is Responsible for this Patient?: A Case Study Analysis of Conflicting Interests between Patient, Family and Doctor in a ...
more infohttps://muse.jhu.edu/article/450817/pdf

Conflicts Of Interest - New York MagazineConflicts Of Interest - New York Magazine

See an archive of all conflicts of interest stories published on the New York Media network, which includes NYMag, The Cut, ... But, as it turns out, its also a hulking mass of conflicts of interest. For the last year or so, every time the paper so much ... Foreign Diplomats Are Apparently Lining Up to Do Business at Trumps D.C. HotelThe conflict of interest between Trumps ... A better plan to address conflicts of interest will make his presidency stronger. ...
more infohttps://nymag.com/tags/conflicts-of-interest/

FASEB > coi > Home - Conflict of...FASEB > coi > Home - Conflict of...

Addition to Tools for Societies: A review of conflicts of interest, competing interests, and bias for toxicologists, LD Claxton ... Scientific Society Offers Guidelines and Plans Education Campaign on Conflicts of Interest, Chronicle Daily News, July 17, 2006 ... FASEB creates Toolkit to implement Conflict of Interest Framework, ORI Newsletter, September 2007. ... increase in number and complexity of these relationships has been accompanied by concerns about financial conflicts of interest ...
more infohttp://www.faseb.org/coi/Home---Conflict-of-Interest.aspx

18-005 Conflict of Interest Code18-005 Conflict of Interest Code

Privacy Office and Office of Regulations , Pages , 18-005-Conflict-of-Interest-Code ... DPH-18-005 Conflict of Interest Code. Sections Affected. California Code of Regulations: Title 22 ... Person Interested In. *. Infant and Child Health. *. Mens Health. *. Senior Health. *. Womens Health. more infohttps://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/OLS/Pages/18-005-Conflict-of-Interest-Code.aspx

NCCN ORP Conflict of Interest PolicyNCCN ORP Conflict of Interest Policy

... of interest with grantors, investigators or institutions. The NCCN ORP has a Conflict of Interest Policy that sets forth ... NCCN ORP Conflict of Interest Policy. Integrity, objectivity, and absence of self-dealing are essential at all levels and in ... Members of the NCCN ORP scientific committees may face real or apparent conflicts ... principles and procedures to ensure that the personal financial and professional interests of scientific committee members do ...
more infohttps://www.nccn.org/clinical_trials/coi_policy.aspx

Charitable Conflicts of Interest | SpringerLinkCharitable Conflicts of Interest | SpringerLink

It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why they are of ethical concern, and then focuses on the way not-for-profit ... This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. ... This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why ... Davis, M.: 1993, Conflict of Interest Revisited, Business & Professional Ethics Journal 12(4), 21-41.Google Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1016379900781

Conflict of Interest #2 « Climate AuditConflict of Interest #2 « Climate Audit

... the issue of the conflict of interest between being an IPCC reviewer and being an active protagonist in the field. Here I ... Conflict of Interest #2. In a previous post, I discussed, in general terms, the issue of the conflict of interest between being ... they generally assume near-perfect behavior by a non-conflicted party. Thus, in my opinion, given the conflict of interest, it ... So here is a very specific example of why it is a good idea to avoid conflicts of interest (as acknowledged by Vranes, Pielke ...
more infohttps://climateaudit.org/2005/07/10/conflict-of-interest-2/

Conflict of interest - WikipediaConflict of interest - Wikipedia

A conflict of interest exists even if no unethical or improper act results. A conflict of interest can create an appearance of ... The presence of a conflict of interest is independent of the occurrence of impropriety. Therefore, a conflict of interest can ... it is virtually impossible to avoid having conflicts of interest from time to time. A conflict of interest can, however, become ... A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conflict_of_interest

Conflict of Interest | MD Anderson Cancer CenterConflict of Interest | MD Anderson Cancer Center

Conflict of Interest. It is the policy of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Programs in the School of Health ... that is in conflict with the proper discharge of their duties. ...
more infohttps://www.mdanderson.org/education-training/degrees-programs/school-of-health-professions/current-students/conflict-of-interest.html

Conduct, Misconduct & Conflicts of InterestConduct, Misconduct & Conflicts of Interest

Conflicts of Interest. Management of Financial Conflicts of Interest (FCOI) has become a major activity in Compliance Offices ... For more information concerning conflicts of interest, please refer to the following:. * Department of Health and Human ... Documented Investigator training about conflicts of interest in research at least every four years; ... grants or cooperative agreements will be free from bias that may result from the investigators financial conflicts of interest ...
more infohttp://www.astate.edu/a/ortt/research-compliance/conduct-misconduct-and-conflicts-of-interest/

ACEP // Conflict of InterestACEP // Conflict of Interest

Revised January 2017, June 2011, June 2008. Reaffirmed October 2001. Revised September 1997. Originally approved January 1996. ...
more infohttps://www.acep.org/patient-care/policy-statements/conflict-of-interest/

Conflict of Interest (novel) - WikipediaConflict of Interest (novel) - Wikipedia

Conflict of Interest is a legal/suspense thriller written by David Crump in 1997. A paperback edition was published by ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conflict_of_Interest_(novel)

Conflict of Interest - Fatigue vs Pain | DailyStrengthConflict of Interest - Fatigue vs Pain | DailyStrength

Does anyone have any thoughts or feedback about how to overcome fatigue AND pain at the SAME time? I am finding it difficult to treat both fatigue and pain. ...
more infohttps://www.dailystrength.org/group/chronic-pain/discussion/conflict-of-interest-fatigue-vs-pain

Conflict of Interest | Research | Michigan Technological UniversityConflict of Interest | Research | Michigan Technological University

... or other interests could improperly influence execution of his or her University responsibilities. Conflicts are not inherently ... Conflicts of interest exist when an individuals personal, financial, ... Conflict of Interest. Conflicts of interest exist when an individuals personal, financial, or other interests could improperly ... procedures do not replace the existing Conflict of Interest procedures, but the new procedures cover conflicts of interest in ...
more infohttp://www.mtu.edu/research/administration/integrity-compliance/conflict-interest/index.html

Clinical practice guidelines and conflict of interest | CMAJClinical practice guidelines and conflict of interest | CMAJ

... almost half the guidelines provided no information about conflict of interest.. To maintain that such financial conflicts exert ... Disclosure of conflicts of interest is a widely accepted policy among reputable medical journals. Although disclosure should ... In the interim we will ask guideline developers to send us a detailed disclosure of their conflicts of interest before ... To date we have excluded guidelines from this policy, requiring only disclosure of financial conflicts of interest. We are now ...
more infohttp://www.cmaj.ca/content/173/11/1297?ijkey=66346417e6c9810e9334b51c142f0d81925815b9&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Conflict of Interest Policy | MD Anderson Cancer CenterConflict of Interest Policy | MD Anderson Cancer Center

If you have specific questions regarding our Conflicts of Interest Policy, please contact MD Andersons Office of Research ... Institutional Conflict of Interest: Navire (pdf). *Institutional Conflict of Interest: Novel Anti-Infective Technologies (pdf) ... Conflict of Interest. It is the policy of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (MD Anderson) that faculty members ... in conjunction with MD Andersons Conflict of Interest Committee, reviews financial interest disclosures required by this ...
more infohttps://www.mdanderson.org/about-md-anderson/business-legal/conflict-of-interest.html

Conflict of Interest Policy Statement - ACNPConflict of Interest Policy Statement - ACNP

I. The Need for A Conflict of Interest Policy Statement. The basis for a Conflict of Interest Policy Statement lies in the very ... Components and Structure of a Conflict of Interest Policy Statement. Conflict of Interest Policy Statements are usually ... A sanctioning clause is also required in the event that an individual violates a conflict of interest prohibition. Our conflict ... A practical approach to conflict of interest requires individuals to disclose any potential conflicts within a covered class of ...
more infohttps://acnp.org/acnp-documents/conflict-interest-policy-statement/

Conflict of Interest Complaint Form | Heart Rhythm SocietyConflict of Interest Complaint Form | Heart Rhythm Society

Allegations of conflict of interest are taken seriously and are investigated by the Ethics Committee, Scientific Sessions ... Conflict of Interest Complaint Form. Allegations of conflict of interest are taken seriously and are investigated by the Ethics ... Allegations of conflict of interest are taken seriously and are investigated by the Societys Ethics Committee or, in the case ... and conflict of interest disclosure statements are filed annually by volunteers and senior staff. ...
more infohttps://www.hrsonline.org/conflict-interest-complaint-form

Conflicts of Interest in Research | American Medical AssociationConflicts of Interest in Research | American Medical Association

Minimizing and mitigating conflicts of interest in clinical research is imperative if the medical community is to justify and ... In addition to financial conflicts of interest created by incentives to conduct trials and recruit subjects, physicians must be ... This conflict of commitment is particularly acute when a physician-investigator has treated or continues to treat a patient who ... ties to companies whose products they are investigating or other ties that create real or perceived conflicts of interest to:. ...
more infohttps://www.ama-assn.org/delivering-care/ethics/conflicts-interest-research

Conflict of Interest (Audiobook) by Aime Austin | Audible.comConflict of Interest (Audiobook) by Aime Austin | Audible.com

Written by Aime Austin, Audiobook narrated by Dan McGowan. Sign-in to download and listen to this audiobook today! First time visiting Audible? Get this book free when you sign up for a 30-day Trial.
more infohttps://www.audible.com/pd/Conflict-of-Interest-Audiobook/B07BNS1LHZ?source_code=AUDFPWS0223189MWT-BK-ACX0-111890&ref=acx_bty_BK_ACX0_111890_rh_us
  • According to the Department of Health and Human Services, a FCOI may exist if an investigator has a significant financial interest that could directly and significantly affect the design, conduct, or reporting of a research project. (astate.edu)
  • Failure by Michigan Tech to report financial conflicts of interest (COI) to the PHS awarding component in a timely manner will necessitate a retrospective review of research to determine whether or not the design, conduct, or reporting of the research was biased. (mtu.edu)
  • In addition to financial conflicts of interest created by incentives to conduct trials and recruit subjects, physicians must be sensitive to the differing roles of clinician and investigator, which may require them to balance dual commitments to participants and science. (ama-assn.org)
  • This conflict of commitment is particularly acute when a physician-investigator has treated or continues to treat a patient who is eligible to enroll as a participant in a clinical trial the physician is conducting. (ama-assn.org)
  • A sanctioning clause is also required in the event that an individual violates a conflict of interest prohibition. (acnp.org)
  • These societies must find a way to support guideline development that does not rely on funding from companies with vested interests. (cmaj.ca)
  • A widely used definition is: "A conflict of interest is a set of circumstances that creates a risk that professional judgement or actions regarding a primary interest will be unduly influenced by a secondary interest. (wikipedia.org)
  • they may be acceptable with proper oversight and safeguards through managing, reducing, or eliminating the conflict, if necessary. (mtu.edu)
  • In April, the oversight panel voted 4-0 to recommend the contract expansion be voided because of concerns about conflicts. (baltimoresun.com)
  • National disease associations exist to represent the interests of patients. (cmaj.ca)
  • Allegations of conflict of interest are taken seriously and are investigated by the Ethics Committee, Scientific Sessions Program Committee or the Education Committee. (hrsonline.org)
  • Each Society trustee, officer, chair, committee, task force and writing group member, and staff member receives a copy of the Society's Code, and conflict of interest disclosure statements are filed annually by volunteers and senior staff. (hrsonline.org)
  • Conflict of interest rules in the public sphere mainly focus on financial relationships since they are relatively more objective, fungible, and quantifiable, and usually involve the political, legal, and medical fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending upon the law or rules related to a particular organization, the existence of a conflict of interest may not, in and of itself, be evidence of wrongdoing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Management of Financial Conflicts of Interest (FCOI) has become a major activity in Compliance Offices across the country as a result of federal rules that require disclosure upon submission of requests for funding. (astate.edu)
  • 3 Further, almost half the guidelines provided no information about conflict of interest. (cmaj.ca)
  • Our letter expressed concern about the lack of honest disclosure of conflicts by certain psychiatric authors in a previously published article. (go.com)
  • Law firms often employ software in conjunction with their case management and accounting systems in order to meet their duties to monitor their conflict of interest exposure and to assist in obtaining waivers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Found conflict can lead to denial or disgorgement of legal fees, or in some cases (such as the failure to make mandatory disclosure), criminal proceedings. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the legal profession, the duty of loyalty owed to a client prohibits an attorney (or a law firm) from representing any other party with interests adverse to those of a current client. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both Robert Califf, former Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner, and Scott Gottlieb, the current FDA Commissioner, are shining examples of conflicts of interest. (mercola.com)
  • Conflicts of interest promoted by pharmaceutical manufacturers negatively affect decisions about current and future medical care. (go.com)
  • Even the perception of such a conflict of interest can create such a level of distrust with an individual, agency or university that it becomes just as damning to the process as an actual conflict of interest,' Carter wrote. (baltimoresun.com)
  • A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, one of which could possibly corrupt the motivation or decision-making of that individual or organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • It should surprise no one that, in most cases, promotion of dangerous drugs and misleading health information is a direct result of conflicts of interest. (mercola.com)
  • Boatright, J. R.: 1993, 'Conflict of Interest: A Response to Michael Davis', Business & Professional Ethics Journal 12 (4), 43-46. (springer.com)
  • Luebke, N. R.: 1987, 'Conflict of Interest as a Moral Category', Business & Professional Ethics Journal 6 (1), 66-81. (springer.com)
  • All business associations, especially nonprofit organizations, require the individuals comprising them to eschew their pecuniary self interest in acting to promote the ideals of a separate business entity. (acnp.org)
  • The Model Business Corporation Act adopts a "disclosure and ratification" procedure for the resolution of conflict of interest transactions. (acnp.org)
  • Judicial disqualification, also referred to as recusal, refers to the act of abstaining from participation in an official action such as a court case/legal proceeding due to a conflict of interest of the presiding court official or administrative officer. (wikipedia.org)
  • A director or executive of a corporation will be subject to legal liability if a conflict of interest breaches his/her duty of loyalty. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conflict of Interest is a legal/suspense thriller written by David Crump in 1997. (wikipedia.org)