A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.
Contraceptive devices used by males.
Sexual activities of humans.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.
People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.
The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the opposite SEX.
The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.
Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Methods of contraception in which physical, chemical, or biological means are used to prevent the SPERM from reaching the fertilizable OVUM.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
A republic in southern Africa, south of ANGOLA and west of BOTSWANA. Its capital is Windhoek.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.
Devices that diminish the likelihood of or prevent conception. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Contraceptive devices used by females.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
Sexual activities of animals.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
Chemical substances that are destructive to spermatozoa used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
The application of LUBRICANTS to diminish FRICTION between two surfaces.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Development of neutralizing antibodies in individuals who have been exposed to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/HTLV-III/LAV).
A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Strongly insistent, self-assured, and demanding behavior.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.
Compounds that provide LUBRICATION between surfaces in order to reduce FRICTION.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Voluntary SEXUAL INTERCOURSE between a married person and someone other than the SPOUSE.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
A republic in southern Africa, south of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO and TANZANIA, and north of ZIMBABWE. Its capital is Lusaka. It was formerly called Northern Rhodesia.
A soft, loose-fitting polyurethane sheath, closed at one end, with flexible rings at both ends. The device is inserted into the vagina by compressing the inner ring and pushing it in. Properly positioned, the ring at the closed end covers the cervix, and the sheath lines the walls of the vagina. The outer ring remains outside the vagina, covering the labia. (Med Lett Drugs Ther 1993 Dec 24;35(12):123)
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed). Hevein proteins are responsible for LATEX HYPERSENSITIVITY. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.
The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX.
The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.
The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same SEX.
A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.
The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.
Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.
Abuse, overuse, or misuse of a substance by its injection into a vein.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Chemical substances that prevent or reduce the probability of CONCEPTION.
Nonionic surfactant mixtures varying in the number of repeating ethoxy (oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) groups. They are used as detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, defoaming agents, etc. Nonoxynol-9, the compound with 9 repeating ethoxy groups, is a spermatocide, formulated primarily as a component of vaginal foams and creams.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
People who frequently change their place of residence.
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A chain of islands, cays, and reefs in the West Indies, lying southeast of Florida and north of Cuba. It is an independent state, called also the Commonwealth of the Bahamas or the Bahama Islands. The name likely represents the local name Guanahani, itself of uncertain origin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p106 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p45)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The status of health in urban populations.
Acute infectious disease characterized by primary invasion of the urogenital tract. The etiologic agent, NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE, was isolated by Neisser in 1879.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
Bacterial diseases transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.
Viral diseases which are transmitted or propagated by sexual conduct.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Pregnancy, usually accidental, that is not desired by the parent or parents.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Infections in birds and mammals produced by various species of Trichomonas.
The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.
Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.
Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.

Safer sex strategies for women: the hierarchical model in methadone treatment clinics. (1/77)

Women clients of a methadone maintenance treatment clinic were targeted for an intervention aimed to reduce unsafe sex. The hierarchical model was the basis of the single intervention session, tested among 63 volunteers. This model requires the educator to discuss and demonstrate a full range of barriers that women might use for protection, ranking these in the order of their known efficacy. The model stresses that no one should go without protection. Two objections, both untested, have been voiced against the model. One is that, because of its complexity, women will have difficulty comprehending the message. The second is that, by demonstrating alternative strategies to the male condom, the educator is offering women a way out from persisting with the male condom, so that instead they will use an easier, but less effective, method of protection. The present research aimed at testing both objections in a high-risk and disadvantaged group of women. By comparing before and after performance on a knowledge test, it was established that, at least among these women, the complex message was well understood. By comparing baseline and follow-up reports of barriers used by sexually active women before and after intervention, a reduction in reports of unsafe sexual encounters was demonstrated. The reduction could be attributed directly to adoption of the female condom. Although some women who had used male condoms previously adopted the female condom, most of those who did so had not used the male condom previously. Since neither theoretical objection to the hierarchical model is sustained in this population, fresh weight is given to emphasizing choice of barriers, especially to women who are at high risk and relatively disempowered. As experience with the female condom grows and its unfamiliarity decreases, it would seem appropriate to encourage women who do not succeed with the male condom to try to use the female condom, over which they have more control.  (+info)

Effectiveness of an intervention promoting the female condom to patients at sexually transmitted disease clinics. (2/77)

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated a behavioral intervention designed to promote female condoms and reduce unprotected sex among women at high risk for acquiring sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). METHODS: The effect of the intervention on barrier use was evaluated with a pretest-posttest design with 1159 female STD clinic patients. RESULTS: Among participants with follow-up data, 79% used the female condom at least once and often multiple times. More than one third of those who completed the study used female condoms throughout follow-up. Use of barrier protection increased significantly after the intervention, and high use was maintained during a 6-month follow-up. To account for attrition, the use of protection by all subjects was projected under 3 conservative assumptions. The initial visit and termination visit projections suggest that use increased sharply after the intervention and declined during follow-up but remained elevated compared with the baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Many clients of public STD clinics will try, and some will continue, to use female condoms when they are promoted positively and when women are trained to use them correctly and to promote them to their partners. A behavioral intervention that promotes both female and male condoms can increase barrier use.  (+info)

Female condom use among women at high risk of sexually transmitted disease. (3/77)

CONTEXT: Whereas the female condom has been evaluated in many hypothetical acceptability or short-term use studies, there is little information about its suitability for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or HIV over extended periods of time. METHODOLOGY: As part of a six-month prospective follow-up study of 1,159 STD clinic patients, clients were interviewed during their initial visit, exposed to a behavioral intervention promoting condoms, given a physical examination and provided with instructions on completing a sexual diary. Potential predictors of trying the female condom were evaluated using logistic regression, and three condom-use groups (exclusive users of female condoms, exclusive users of male condoms and users of both types of condoms) were compared using multinomial regression. RESULTS: Among 895 women who reported having engaged in vaginal intercourse during the study period, one-half had sex with only one partner, while one-quarter each had two partners or three or more partners. A total of 731 women reported using the female condom at least once during the follow-up period--85% during the first month of follow-up. Multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that employed women and those with a regular sexual partner at baseline were significantly more likely to try the female condom. By the end of the follow-up period, 8% of participants had used the female condom exclusively, 15% had used the male condom exclusively, 73% had used both types of condom and 3% had used no condoms. Twenty percent of women who tried the female condom used it only once and 13% used it twice, while 20% used 5-9 female condoms and 32% used 10 or more. Consistent condom users (N=309) were predominantly users of both types of condom (75%), and were less often exclusive users of the male condom (18%) or the female condom (7%). According to a multivariate analysis, women who used the female condom exclusively or who mixed condom types were more likely to be black, were more likely to be employed and were more likely to have a regular partner than were users of the male condom. CONCLUSIONS: Women at risk of STDs find the female condom acceptable and will try it, and some use it consistently. Mixing use of female condoms and male condoms may facilitate consistent condom use. The female condom may improve an individual's options for risk reduction and help reduce the spread of STDs.  (+info)

Culture, sexuality, and women's agency in the prevention of HIV/AIDS in southern Africa. (4/77)

Using an ethnographic approach, the authors explored the awareness among women in southern Africa of the HIV epidemic and the methods they might use to protect themselves from the virus. The research, conducted from 1992 through 1999, focused specifically on heterosexual transmission in 5 sites that were selected to reflect urban and rural experiences, various populations, and economic and political opportunities for women at different historical moments over the course of the HIV epidemic. The authors found that the female condom and other woman-controlled methods are regarded as culturally appropriate among many men and women in southern Africa and are crucial to the future of HIV/AIDS prevention. The data reported in this article demonstrate that cultural acceptability for such methods among women varies along different axes, both over time and among different populations. For this reason, local circumstances need to be taken into account. Given that women have been clearly asking for protective methods they can use, however, political and economic concerns, combined with historically powerful patterns of gender discrimination and neglect of women's sexuality, must be viewed as the main obstacles to the development and distribution of methods women can control.  (+info)

The female condom: tool for women's empowerment. (5/77)

International and US experience with the female condom has shown that the device empowers diverse populations of women, helping them negotiate protection with their partners, promoting healthy behaviors, and increasing self-efficacy and sexual confidence and autonomy. This commentary reflects on some approaches that have been taken to study empowerment and makes several observations on the political and scientific initiatives needed to capitalize on this empowerment potential. Women's interest in the female condom indicates a need for more women's barrier methods to be made available. For some women, cultural proscriptions against touching the genitals may create initial hesitancy in trying these methods. But the disposition of regulatory agencies and the attitudes of health care providers has unfortunately exaggerated this reticence, thereby effectively reducing access to these methods. Also, lack of important detail in clinical studies restricts our capacity to introduce the female condom, or similar methods, under optimal conditions. Future trials should prioritize community-based designs and address a range of other critical health and social issues for women. Women's need for HIV/AIDS prevention technologies remains an urgent priority. Both political and scientific efforts are needed to realize the public health potential embodied in the female condom.  (+info)

Intention to use the female condom following a mass-marketing campaign in Lusaka, Zambia. (6/77)

OBJECTIVES: This report examines intention to use the female condom among men and women in Lusaka, Zambia, who were exposed to mass-marketing of the female condom. METHODS: The study used data from a representative sample of consumers at outlets that sell or distribute the female condom and the male condom. RESULTS: In spite of a high level of awareness of the female condom, use of this method in the last year was considerably lower than use of the male condom. Intention to use the female condom in the future was highest among respondents who had used only the female condom in the last year. CONCLUSIONS: The female condom is likely to be most important for persons who are unable or unwilling to use the male condom.  (+info)

Baseline STD prevalence in a community intervention trial of the female condom in Kenya. (7/77)

OBJECTIVE: We present baseline sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevalence rates from an ongoing intervention trial at Kenyan agricultural sites. METHODS: After gaining the cooperation of management, we identified six matched pairs of tea, coffee, and flower plantations and enrolled approximately 160 women at each site. Six intervention sites received an information programme and distributed female and male condoms, while six control sites received male condoms only and similar information about them. At clinic visits, we tested participants for cervical gonorrhoea (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) by ligase chain reaction on urine specimens, and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) by culture. The study has 80% power to detect a 10% prevalence difference during follow up, assuming a combined STD prevalence of 20%, 25% loss to follow up and intracluster correlation coefficient (ICC) of 0.03. RESULTS: Participants at intervention and control sites (total 1929) were similar at baseline. Mean age was 33 years, the majority were married, more than half currently used family planning, 78% had never used male condoms, and 9% reported more than one sexual partner in the 3 months before the study. Prevalences of GC, CT, and TV were 2.6%, 3.2%, and 20.4% respectively (23.9% overall), and were similar at intervention and control sites. The ICC for STD prevalence was 0.0011. Baseline STD was associated with unmarried status, non-use of family planning, alcohol use, and more than one recent sexual partner, but the highest odds ratio was 1.5. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline results confirm a high prevalence of trichomoniasis and bacterial STD at these Kenyan rural sites. Improved STD management is urgently needed there. Our ongoing female condom intervention trial is feasible as designed.  (+info)

Choice of female-controlled barrier methods among young women and their male sexual partners. (8/77)

CONTEXT: Little is known about the factors associated with the choice of female-controlled, over-the-counter barrier contraceptive methods among women and their male sexual partners. METHODS: Predictors of method choice were assessed following an educational presentation on contraceptive use and risk reduction among 510 sexually active females aged 15-30 who were recruited in the San Francisco Bay Area. In addition, the primary partners of 160 of these women participated in the survey RESULTS: Twenty-two percent of women who enrolled in the study alone, 25% of those who enrolled with their main partner and 18% of these male partners chose female-controlled, over-the-counter barrier methods alone. The strongest predictor of this choice was current use of a hormonal contraceptive both for women who participated in the study on their own (odds ratio, 2.1) and for those who enrolled their partner in the study (odds ratio, 6.3). Female-controlled methods were also chosen significantly more often by teenagers than by older women; for example, among those who enrolled with a male partner, the odds ratio for selection of a female-controlled barrier method by women younger than 18 was 6.0. Among women who enrolled without a partner, those who had had multiple partners in the previous six months and those who were current users of male condoms were less likely to choose female-controlled methods (odds ratios, 0.7 and 0.5, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Although the majority of participants did not choose female-controlled, over-the-counter barrier methods without also choosing male condoms, such female-controlled methods appear to offer an acceptable alternative for prevention of sexually transmitted infections. They may be a particularly attractive option for individuals using hormonal contraceptives and for teenage women.  (+info)

STDs can cause a range of symptoms, including genital itching, burning during urination, unusual discharge, and painful sex. Some STDs can also lead to long-term health problems, such as infertility, chronic pain, and an increased risk of certain types of cancer.

STDs are usually diagnosed through a physical exam, blood tests, or other diagnostic tests. Treatment for STDs varies depending on the specific infection and can include antibiotics, antiviral medication, or other therapies. It's important to practice safe sex, such as using condoms, to reduce the risk of getting an STD.

Some of the most common STDs include:

* Chlamydia: A bacterial infection that can cause genital itching, burning during urination, and unusual discharge.
* Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that can cause similar symptoms to chlamydia.
* Syphilis: A bacterial infection that can cause a painless sore on the genitals, followed by a rash and other symptoms.
* Herpes: A viral infection that can cause genital itching, burning during urination, and painful sex.
* HPV: A viral infection that can cause genital warts and increase the risk of cervical cancer.
* HIV/AIDS: A viral infection that can cause a range of symptoms, including fever, fatigue, and weight loss, and can lead to AIDS if left untreated.

It's important to note that some STDs can be spread through non-sexual contact, such as sharing needles or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth. It's also important to know that many STDs can be asymptomatic, meaning you may not have any symptoms even if you are infected.

If you think you may have been exposed to an STD, it's important to get tested as soon as possible. Many STDs can be easily treated with antibiotics or other medications, but if left untreated, they can lead to serious complications and long-term health problems.

It's also important to practice safe sex to reduce the risk of getting an STD. This includes using condoms, as well as getting vaccinated against HPV and Hepatitis B, which are both common causes of STDs.

In addition to getting tested and practicing safe sex, it's important to be aware of your sexual health and the risks associated with sex. This includes being aware of any symptoms you may experience, as well as being aware of your partner's sexual history and any STDs they may have. By being informed and proactive about your sexual health, you can help reduce the risk of getting an STD and maintain good sexual health.

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is a condition in which the body is infected with HIV, a type of retrovirus that attacks the body's immune system. HIV infection can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), a condition in which the immune system is severely damaged and the body is unable to fight off infections and diseases.

There are several ways that HIV can be transmitted, including:

1. Sexual contact with an infected person
2. Sharing of needles or other drug paraphernalia with an infected person
3. Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Blood transfusions ( although this is rare in developed countries due to screening processes)
5. Organ transplantation (again, rare)

The symptoms of HIV infection can be mild at first and may not appear until several years after infection. These symptoms can include:

1. Fever
2. Fatigue
3. Swollen glands in the neck, armpits, and groin
4. Rash
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
7. Diarrhea
8. Weight loss

If left untreated, HIV infection can progress to AIDS, which is a life-threatening condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:

1. Opportunistic infections (such as pneumocystis pneumonia)
2. Cancer (such as Kaposi's sarcoma)
3. Wasting syndrome
4. Neurological problems (such as dementia and seizures)

HIV infection is diagnosed through a combination of blood tests and physical examination. Treatment typically involves antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is a combination of medications that work together to suppress the virus and slow the progression of the disease.

Prevention methods for HIV infection include:

1. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms and dental dams
2. Avoiding sharing needles or other drug-injecting equipment
3. Avoiding mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which is a short-term treatment that can prevent infection after potential exposure to the virus
5. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is a daily medication that can prevent infection in people who are at high risk of being exposed to the virus.

It's important to note that HIV infection is manageable with proper treatment and care, and that people living with HIV can lead long and healthy lives. However, it's important to be aware of the risks and take steps to prevent transmission.

The symptoms of AIDS can vary depending on the individual and the stage of the disease. Common symptoms include:

1. Fever
2. Fatigue
3. Swollen glands
4. Rash
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
7. Diarrhea
8. Weight loss
9. Memory loss and other neurological problems
10. Cancer and other opportunistic infections.

AIDS is diagnosed through blood tests that detect the presence of HIV antibodies or the virus itself. There is no cure for AIDS, but antiretroviral therapy (ART) can help manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Prevention methods include using condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and avoiding sharing needles or other injection equipment.

In summary, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a severe and life-threatening condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). It is characterized by a severely weakened immune system, which makes it difficult to fight off infections and diseases. While there is no cure for AIDS, antiretroviral therapy can help manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Prevention methods include using condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis, and avoiding sharing needles or other injection equipment.

HIV seropositivity is typically diagnosed through a blood test called an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). This test detects the presence of antibodies against HIV in the blood by using specific proteins on the surface of the virus. If the test is positive, it means that the individual has been infected with HIV.

HIV seropositivity is an important diagnostic criterion for AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), which is a condition that develops when the immune system is severely damaged by HIV infection. AIDS is diagnosed based on a combination of symptoms and laboratory tests, including HIV seropositivity.

HIV seropositivity can be either primary (acute) or chronic. Primary HIV seropositivity occurs when an individual is first infected with HIV and their immune system produces antibodies against the virus. Chronic HIV seropositivity occurs when an individual has been living with HIV for a long time and their immune system has produced antibodies that remain in their bloodstream.

HIV seropositivity can have significant implications for an individual's health and quality of life, as well as their social and economic well-being. It is important for individuals who are HIV seropositive to receive appropriate medical care and support to manage their condition and prevent the transmission of HIV to others.

IV drug use can cause a range of short-term and long-term health problems, including infections, abscesses, blood-borne illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, and overdose. In addition to physical health issues, IV substance abuse can also lead to mental health problems, financial and legal problems, and social isolation.

Treatment for IV substance abuse typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy and medication. Behavioral therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and contingency management can help individuals modify their drug-seeking behaviors and develop coping skills to maintain sobriety. Medications such as methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone can also be used to manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings for drugs.

Prevention strategies for IV substance abuse include education and awareness campaigns, community-based outreach programs, and harm reduction services such as needle exchange programs. These strategies aim to reduce the initiation of IV drug use, particularly among young people and other vulnerable populations.

Types of Substance-Related Disorders:

1. Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD): A chronic disease characterized by the excessive consumption of alcohol, leading to impaired control over drinking, social or personal problems, and increased risk of health issues.
2. Opioid Use Disorder (OUD): A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of opioids, such as prescription painkillers or heroin, leading to withdrawal symptoms when the substance is not available.
3. Stimulant Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of stimulants, such as cocaine or amphetamines, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
4. Cannabis Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of cannabis, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
5. Hallucinogen Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of hallucinogens, such as LSD or psilocybin mushrooms, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.

Causes and Risk Factors:

1. Genetics: Individuals with a family history of substance-related disorders are more likely to develop these conditions.
2. Mental health: Individuals with mental health conditions, such as depression or anxiety, may be more likely to use substances as a form of self-medication.
3. Environmental factors: Exposure to substances at an early age, peer pressure, and social environment can increase the risk of developing a substance-related disorder.
4. Brain chemistry: Substance use can alter brain chemistry, leading to dependence and addiction.


1. Increased tolerance: The need to use more of the substance to achieve the desired effect.
2. Withdrawal: Experiencing symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, or nausea when the substance is not present.
3. Loss of control: Using more substance than intended or for longer than intended.
4. Neglecting responsibilities: Neglecting responsibilities at home, work, or school due to substance use.
5. Continued use despite negative consequences: Continuing to use the substance despite physical, emotional, or financial consequences.


1. Physical examination: A doctor may perform a physical examination to look for signs of substance use, such as track marks or changes in heart rate and blood pressure.
2. Laboratory tests: Blood or urine tests can confirm the presence of substances in the body.
3. Psychological evaluation: A mental health professional may conduct a psychological evaluation to assess symptoms of substance-related disorders and determine the presence of co-occurring conditions.


1. Detoxification: A medically-supervised detox program can help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.
2. Medications: Medications such as methadone or buprenorphine may be prescribed to manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings.
3. Behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and contingency management are effective behavioral therapies for treating substance use disorders.
4. Support groups: Joining a support group such as Narcotics Anonymous can provide a sense of community and support for individuals in recovery.
5. Lifestyle changes: Making healthy lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and getting enough sleep can help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings.

It's important to note that diagnosis and treatment of substance-related disorders is a complex process and should be individualized based on the specific needs and circumstances of each patient.

Symptoms of gonorrhea in men include:

* A burning sensation when urinating
* Discharge from the penis
* Painful or swollen testicles
* Painful urination

Symptoms of gonorrhea in women include:

* Increased vaginal discharge
* Painful urination
* Painful intercourse
* Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Gonorrhea can be diagnosed through a physical exam and laboratory tests, such as a urine test or a swab of the affected area. It is typically treated with antibiotics.

If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious complications, including:

* Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women
* Epididymitis (inflammation of the tube that carries sperm) in men
* Infertility
* Chronic pain
* Increased risk of HIV transmission

Gonorrhea is a reportable disease, meaning that healthcare providers are required by law to report cases to public health authorities. This helps to track and prevent the spread of the infection.

Prevention methods for gonorrhea include:

* Safe sex practices, such as using condoms or dental dams
* Avoiding sexual contact with someone who has gonorrhea
* Getting regularly tested for STIs
* Using pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention

It is important to note that gonorrhea can be asymptomatic, meaning that individuals may not experience any symptoms even if they have the infection. Therefore, regular testing is important for early detection and treatment.

Examples of viral STDs include:

1. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus): HIV attacks the body's immune system, making it harder to fight off infections and diseases. It can be spread through sex, sharing needles, or mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
2. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV): HSV causes genital herpes, which can cause painful blisters and sores on the genitals. It can be spread through skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.
3. Human Papillomavirus (HPV): HPV can cause genital warts, as well as cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, or anus. It is usually spread through skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.
4. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV): HBV can cause liver disease and liver cancer. It is usually spread through sex, sharing needles, or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth.
5. Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): HCV can cause liver disease and liver cancer. It is usually spread through sex, sharing needles, or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth.

Preventing the spread of viral STDs includes:

1. Practicing safe sex, such as using condoms and dental dams.
2. Getting vaccinated against HPV and Hepatitis B.
3. Avoiding sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia.
4. Being in a mutually monogamous relationship with someone who has been tested and is negative for STDs.
5. Regularly getting tested for STDs, especially if you have a new sexual partner or engage in risky behavior.
6. Using condoms and other barrier methods consistently and correctly during all sexual activities.
7. Avoiding sexual contact with someone who has symptoms of an STD.
8. Being aware of your own sexual health status and the status of your partners, and being open and honest about your sexual history and any STDs you may have.
9. Seeking medical attention immediately if you suspect you or a partner has an STD.
10. Following safe sex practices and taking precautions to prevent the spread of STDs can help reduce the risk of developing these infections.

It's important to note that not all STDs have symptoms, so it's possible to have an STD and not know it. Regular testing is important for early detection and treatment, which can help prevent long-term health problems and the spread of infection.

* Vaginal discharge (in women) or abnormal semen (in men)
* Itching, burning, or redness of the genitals
* Painful urination
* Discomfort during sex
* Abdominal cramps

If left untreated, trichomoniasis can lead to complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women and epididymitis in men. The infection can also increase the risk of HIV transmission.

Trichomoniasis is typically diagnosed through a physical examination and a wet preparation, where a sample of vaginal fluid is examined under a microscope for the presence of the parasite. Treatment involves antiparasitic medications such as metronidazole or tinidazole, which are effective in eliminating the infection. It's important to treat both partners simultaneously to prevent re-infection.

Prevention measures for trichomoniasis include:

* Safe sexual practices such as using condoms and dental dams
* Avoiding sexual contact during outbreaks
* Practicing good hygiene and drying the genital area after sexual activity
* Getting regular STI tests

It's important to note that trichomoniasis can be a recurring infection, so it's important to practice safe sex and get regular check-ups to prevent re-infection.

1. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): These are infections that occur in the bladder, kidneys, or urethra, and can cause symptoms such as burning during urination, frequent urination, and abdominal pain.
2. Overactive Bladder (OAB): This condition is characterized by sudden, intense urges to urinate, often with urgency and frequency.
3. Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS): This chronic condition causes pain and discomfort in the bladder and pelvic area, and can lead to increased urination and frequency.
4. Vaginal Infections: These are infections that occur in the vagina and can cause symptoms such as itching, burning, and abnormal discharge.
5. Vulvodynia: This chronic condition is characterized by pain and discomfort in the vulva, and can be caused by a range of factors including infection, inflammation, or nerve damage.
6. Endometriosis: This is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing symptoms such as pelvic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and infertility.
7. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): This is a hormonal disorder that can cause symptoms such as irregular menstrual periods, cysts on the ovaries, and excess hair growth.
8. Vaginal Prolapse: This occurs when the muscles and tissues in the vagina weaken, causing the vagina to protrude into the vulva or rectum.
9. Menorrhagia: This is a condition characterized by heavy, prolonged menstrual periods that can cause anemia and other complications.
10. Dyspareunia: This is pain during sexual activity, which can be caused by a range of factors including vaginal dryness, cervical narrowing, or nerve damage.

These are just a few examples of the many conditions that can affect the vulva and vagina. It's important to note that many of these conditions can have similar symptoms, so it's important to see a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

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Emergency contraception Safe sex "First Female Condom Machine Is Launched in France". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17 ... A condom machine is a vending machine for the sale of condoms. Condom machines are often placed in public toilets, subway ... Rare examples exist that dispense internal condoms. Condom vending machines were introduced in 1928 by Julius Fromm's company.[ ... According to the United States Food and Drug Administration, when using condoms from a machine, one should check the expiration ...
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CAEP has the effect of discouraging condom use by both males and females. One possible way to reduce CAEP is to encourage men ... Condom-associated erection problem (CAEP) is erectile dysfunction experienced due to condoms. CAEP can occur in young and ... "What are condom-associated erection problems (CAEP)? , ISSM". www.issm.info. 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2017-09-26. Sanders, ... v t e (Men's health, Penile erection, Condoms, All stub articles, Medicine stubs). ...
"I don't use condoms with the women. It must be body to body. I must put sperm in her... If no sperm comes out, she is not ... "female consciousness", "confidence as women", "gender equality" and justice for women. Many Kenyan women soon became active ... In such settings, a woman would marry another woman and have children with a man of her choice. The lives of Kenyan woman ... "The Women Activists Working to Keep Kenya's Election Peaceful". Women and Girls. Retrieved 17 May 2020. "Kenyan Women March ...
Reese, Thomas J. (31 March 2009). "Pope, Condoms and AIDS". On Faith. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 3 ... Zagano, Phyllis (17 February 2003). "Catholic Women Deacons". America. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 2 ... women's roles, and the role of the laity. In April 2005, Thomas J. Reese, editor of the American Jesuit weekly magazine America ... women deacons, homosexuality, and liberation theology. At the same time, Jesuits have been appointed to prominent doctrinal and ...
... especially for women. Condoms and pills were distributed. Subsidies to large families were cut. Sex education was introduced ... Inside Iran: Women's Lives, Mage publishers, 2002, p.89 IRNA: Crude price pegged at dlrs 39.6 a barrel under next year's budget ... It is one of the few Muslim countries where hijab for women is required by law. At the same time, it has "the lowest mosque ... It purged women from the judiciary and secular teachers from the educational system. It removed Baháʼís from government ...
It is used by Kenyan goatherders to prevent bucks from impregnating the female goats during times of drought. "Goat 'condoms' ...
Condoms in the country are rare, as they are in other sub-Saharan countries. As a result infections of HIV and other STIs are ... Some young women and girls enter the trade without third party involvement for survival or to pay school/college fees. Others ... Longo, J. D; Simaléko, M. M; Ngbale, R; Grésenguet, G; Brücker, G; Bélec, L (2017). "Spectrum of female commercial sex work in ... Maticka-Tyndale, E (2012). "Condoms in sub-Saharan Africa". Sexual Health. 9 (1): 59-72. doi:10.1071/SH11033. PMID 22348634. " ...
Most patients at the health center are pregnant women and children under 5. Pregnant women come to the health center for ... Condoms are also widely available. Health facilities are kept fairly clean-each has running water and latrines that are far ... It is relatively common to see women completely veiled in black, including their faces. More often, however, Muslim women wear ... Women spend a lot of their free time multi-tasking, making yam pile or selling a good at the marché while gossiping ...
Condoms are also used in France. There are two kinds of condoms: male and female. It is easy to find male condoms in France in ... While it is the most used mean of contraception, it is important to note that, in France, fewer women are using the pill. This ... In 2022 France began to introduce free birth control to women between the ages of 18 and 25 years in order to reduce the number ... The implant, its insertion and removal are free for women under 18 years old in the planning centers of public hospitals. The ...
The use of condoms was mandatory. Belize is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected ... LGBTI men, women, and children are vulnerable to sex trafficking. Foreign men, women, and children-particularly from Central ... The women are paid commission on the drinks bought by the clients before going to the rooms. The rent of the room is taken out ... "Belizean Women Being Recruited To Work as Tourism Prostitutes". 7 News Belize. 12 April 2007. "Prostitution and Sex in Belize ...
Regular health checks are carried out and the women have to carry a health certificate ("pink card"). The use of condoms is ... Woman are issued with a 3-month visa to work in the brothel. Between the late 1940s to the mid 1990s, half of the prostitutes ... Women migrated to the island to service the needs of the oil workers and sailors from the tankers. In the 1930s & 1940s, ... Housed in an ex-army barracks, it has a capacity to house 300 sex workers, although normally there are about 150 women working ...
"Use These Woman-Friendly, Free Range, Organic Condoms For a Cause". 9 July 2013. "I Founded the 'Toms of Condoms'". 19 December ... "This Woman Just Made Condoms 10 Times Better". Huffington Post. (Wikipedia articles with possible conflicts of interest from ... Frenkel's coverage of women's lack of access to reproductive rights and the effects of HIV/AIDS on young girls drove her to ... L. condoms are made with low-protein latex. The latex is sourced local to the manufacturing facility and the packaging is made ...
Women coming to the island to work as prostitutes, or a known prostitute, may be refused entry under the immigration laws. Many ... The National AIDS Programme distributes condoms and advice to the sex workers. Prostitution in the Cayman Islands is legal but ... There is some female sex tourism on the islands. Sex trafficking and HIV are problems in the country. Butler, Josephine ... "Sex, women & brothels in the VI". Virgin Islands News Online. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2018. "Sex workers also get ...
Women in Maharashtra politics, 20th-century Indian actresses, 21st-century Indian women politicians, 21st-century Indian ... Retrieved 9 February 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) "Bizarre! Rakhi Sawant used condoms to ... "Rakhi Sawant moves women's panel against Mika". The Times of India. 16 June 2006. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012 ... Rakhi serves as party's state vice-president and president of the woman wing. In 2019, Sawant married an NRI man named Ritesh, ...
... men's and women's track, men's and women's tennis, and cross country, women's swimming and diving, women's tennis, women's golf ... and Condoms?". www2.tulane.edu. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2019. Copeland, CS (September ... The women's basketball team has won multiple conference titles and gone to numerous NCAA tournaments. The women's volleyball ... Tulane's intercollegiate sports include football, baseball, men's and women's basketball, women's volleyball, ...
Additionally, women are less likely to use condoms. In 2017, condom use among women who had more than two sexual partners in ... Women in Lesotho, Lesotho women in politics, Women's rights in Africa, Women's rights by country). ... The total fertility rate in 2014 was 3.3 per woman in Lesotho, with 3.9 per rural woman and 2.3 per urban woman. The rate of ... Women in Lesotho die at a disproportionate rate from HIV/AIDs. Historically, women have wielded power as heads of households, ...
The male dolls came with human-sized condoms. Since this period most Mdvanii dolls came with condoms and continue to do so to ... She's the woman of the future" "INTERNATIONAL DESIGNER BILLYBOY* MAKES PERSONAL APPEARANCE AT FAO SCHWARZ" (Press release). FAO ... The doll was introduced as a fashion doll, but the embodiment of an ultra-sophisticated thinking woman of a post-Feminist genre ... "Fantasy Nights BillyBoy*", Women's Wear Daily, p. 27, March 23, 1983 Elle, Paris, France (July 1984), ""BillyBoy* L'Amoureux de ...
Researcher Audrey conducts a study on female condoms. In the course of her work, she discovers that Serena, one of her subjects ... Shimizu, Celine Parreñas (2007). The Hypersexuality of Race: Performing Asian/American Women on Screen and Scene. Duke ...
Made for a Woman"). Pat makes one last purchase, for condoms; yet before O'Hara can draw the conclusion that Pat must be male, ... I'll just have one joke in here about how we don't know if that's a man or a woman just to sort of cover up for my lack of ... Pat goes into a barbershop to get a haircut and the barber is confused - is it going to be a man's cut or a woman's?" Aired on ... Just as the audience is about to see whether they enter either the men's or the women's, Kevin Nealon as a TV news anchor on ...
... she gained 30 points in the Russian Women's Championship Higher League and 62 points at the Festival International de Condom in ... Petersburg Women's Championship for the second time and gaining 42 rating points in the Serbian Women's League. She reached a ... "23rd European Women Club Cup". Chess Results. Retrieved 7 March 2022. "ECC Women System & Tie-Breaks". European Chess Club Cup ... Petersburg women's champion, and has represented St. Petersburg at the Russian Women's Team Championship and the European Club ...
Archived February 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Woman Made Gallery Hollander, Nicole. "The Condom Collection" Reid, Kerry. " ... American women cartoonists, American women illustrators, American female comics artists, Boston University College of Fine Arts ... In 2009, Hollander curated a show of women's humor, And You Think This Is Funny?, for Chicago's Woman Made Gallery; the show ... Other awards include the Wonder Woman Foundation Award for Women of Achievement over 40 (1983) and Yale's Chubb Fellowship for ...
A rolled up male condom. An unrolled male latex condom A polyurethane female condom A diaphragm vaginal-cervical barrier, in ... Female condoms are also available, most often made of nitrile, latex or polyurethane. Male condoms have the advantage of being ... They include male condoms, female condoms, cervical caps, diaphragms, and contraceptive sponges with spermicide. Globally, ... Safe sex practices, such as with the use of male or female condoms, can also help prevent sexually transmitted infections. ...
... women's empowerment and protecting women's health. Her opinions and commentary have been featured in a variety of international ... Canada (2010-07-19). "'Invisible condom' reduces HIV risk". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2011-03-02. "Daily Nation ... "Women, HIV and AIDS". Avert.org. Retrieved 2011-03-02. (All articles with bare URLs for citations, Articles with bare URLs for ... The program will involve up to 6,000 women in many communities throughout sub-Saharan Africa, where the HIV/AIDS epidemic has ...
... exclusively for women". He also asked, "Who bought your condoms in junior high? Who bought your condoms in the sixth grade? Or ... The National Organization for Women called Limbaugh a "bigoted bully" using "hate-filled speech" to "shame a young woman" for ... This illustrates that an attitude of entitlement to women may be projected onto a single, specific woman designated by the ... I think any woman who has ever been called these types of names is [shocked] at first. / But then I tried to see this for what ...
C Among Female Sex Workers in San Francisco" SWEAT Study data prepared by Alix Lutnick and Deb Cohan, presented at the XVII ... Condoms & Lube, Information & Service linkages, Apprenticeship & Internship Programs, and Research & Education. There are many ... James, a local sex workers' rights activist and COYOTE member, received a call from a woman in jail who had been arrested for ... Journal of American Medical Women's Association, 53(2), 77-82. Cohan, D., Lutnick, A., Davidson, P., Cloniger, C., Herlyn, A., ...
In each case, either the woman or her child is at risk for serious complications, and this is the basis for many rabbinic ... In those cases, the most "natural" method is preferred; as the use of a condom or pessary creates a physical barrier, "the pill ... The option of contraception is raised by the Talmud (Tractate Yevamot 12b), where the use of a pessary is discussed for women ... The laws of family purity prohibit sexual intercourse while a woman is menstruating (see niddah). In order to decrease the ...
Usage of condoms in the female population has improved the survival of women with cancers of the cervix. In the European Union ... In Australia, Aboriginal women are more than five times more likely to die from cervical cancer than non-Aboriginal women, ... Long-term use of oral contraceptives is associated with increased risk of cervical cancer in women who have had HPV. Women who ... Five year survival in the United States for White women is 69% and for Black women is 57%.[needs update] Regular screening has ...
Forensic experts from the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory determined that one of the three condoms and a condom ... Violence against women in the Philippines, Violence against trans women, 2014 in LGBT history). ... Laude, a trans woman, met Pemberton, a United States Marine from New Bedford, Massachusetts, at the Ambyanz disco bar in ... Condoms recovered from the bathroom were subjected to DNA testing to determine if the semen it contained matched that of ...
In addition, two other UN Radio programmes, "Female Condom" and "Teenage Reproductive Health and Namibia", were finalists in ... One of the highlights last year was its early reporting to Saudi Arabia's announced decision to lift a prohibition on women ... sustainable development and the status of women, while also producing content on areas of particular interest to Russian- ...
... male or female with male or female partners), and who... is a man who has sex with both men and women, or... has sex with ... has had anal sex with another man in the past six months without a condom, or... has had a sexually transmitted infection in ... partners at increased risk of having HIV (e.g. intravenous drug users, men who have sex with men) without consistent condom use ...
She appeared in numerous advertising campaigns including a campaign for condom use as well as those of Toyota dealers. She was ... Canadian women television hosts, Victims of aviation accidents or incidents in Canada, Victims of aviation accidents or ...
Some men who insist on dry sex regard "wet" women as unchaste. Dry sex can be painful for women and men.[medical citation ... Furthermore, dry sex increases the risk that a condom will break because of the increased friction. It may also result in ... January 2001 edition of "Parade": Page 45: "Dry sex is painful for both men and women and may expose one to infection." "Women ... Sandala, L; Lurie, P; Sunkutu, M. R.; Chani, E. M.; Hudes, E. S.; Hearst, N (1995). "'Dry sex' and HIV infection among women ...
... including female prostitutes. Both women and boys engaged in prostitution in ancient Greece. Female prostitutes could be ... In some places, prostitution may be associated with the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Lack of condom use ... Many feminists are opposed to prostitution, which they see as a form of exploitation of women and male dominance over women, ... a woman cannot marry more than 3 or 4 times in a year. In the early 17th century, there was widespread male and female ...
Even women with high sexually transmitted infection knowledge are more likely to use condoms inconsistently than women with low ... than older women (25.8%), and in less educated women (46.7%) than more educated women (33.3%). The American College of ... In a sample of adolescents aged 14-20 in Boston, 20% had been coerced into having sex without a condom. Among women seeking an ... Birth control sabotage includes removing a condom after agreeing to wear one (also called stealthing), damaging a condom, ...
Women and girls have been forced into sexual relationships and kept as sex slaves by gang leaders. Ramá Network, part of the ... Victims contract sexually transmitted diseases from rapes without condoms. They have been deprived of water and other ... Sex crimes against women and girls, such as these, are a form of gender inequality in El Salvador. Sex trafficking and ... "Men Who Sold Women: Human Trafficking Networks in Central America". Insight Crime. October 25, 2012. "Human trafficking of ...
"There never was an analysis about the demand that is created by men; the focus was always on the woman - just get the women off ... SAGE's harm- reduction approach to public health was used to prevent risky behavior, for instance, by offering condoms and ... On one occasion she visited the White House and spoke with President George W. Bush about the conditions of trafficked women. ... Norma Hotaling was regarded a charismatic woman. She was able to communicate well with the whole spectrum of society, from ...
Marty found a condom that had been left by Cole and assumed the worst. In late March, Starr and Cole had plans to run away ... From the loving mother he loved to a wild-stricken woman in a way not wanting anything to do with him. Heartbroken Cole goes by ...
As Mayor, I'll ensure that we are working to deliver for the safety of women and girls in London". Twitter. Retrieved 11 March ... In 2006, Bailey said "by giving children condoms and the amount of sexual material they are exposed to you normalise sex and ... In early March 2021, Bailey was accused of politicising the disappearance of a 33-year-old woman in Clapham, given that the ... To install CCTV on the Bakerloo, Central and Piccadilly London Underground lines in an effort to improve women's safety. To ...
French women singers, HIV/AIDS activists, People from Nord (French department), French stage actresses, French television ... who claimed condoms promoted behavior which causes AIDS. https://www.msn.com/fr-ch/actualite/other/line-renaud-hospitalisée/ar- ...
According to a UHES report from 2002, 73% of married Uzbek woman had used the IUD, 14% male condom, and 13% the pill. The ... female 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female total population: 0.99 male(s)/female 2009 ... Despite family planning programs that educate women on different methods of contraception, the IUD has remained women's first ... By 1991, the abortion ratio was 39 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age per year. However, in the past few decades, ...
"Indiana woman killed when torrential rains sweep away her home as severe flooding hits Midwest and South". www.cbsnews.com. ... February 23 - The Food and Drug Administration approves the first ever condom that is specifically designed for anal sex. ... Karen Bass becomes the first female mayor of Los Angeles. A special election is held in Florida on January 11 to fill a vacancy ... Franklin, Jonathan (January 10, 2022). "The poet Maya Angelou is the first Black woman to be featured on a U.S. quarter". NPR ...
They also ignored orders to use condoms, which led to her contracting a venereal disease. "Former 'Comfort Women' Hold 1,000th ... Melanesian women from New Guinea were also used as comfort women. Local women were recruited from Rabaul as comfort women, ... "The "Comfort Women" Issue and the Asian Women's Fund" (PDF). The Asian Women's Fund. Retrieved July 13, 2021. Asian Women's ... comfort women': UN". SBS News. August 17, 2018. "The "Comfort Women" Issue and the Asian Women's Fund" (PDF). The Asian Women's ...
The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), has encouraged people in their communities to sign abstinence pledges with the ... but found pledgers were 10 percentage points less likely to use condoms and 6 percentage points less likely to use birth ... Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) current abstinence pledge: I hereby solemnly promise, God helping me, to abstain from ... 6%), and estimated that female pledgers were 3.5 times more likely to remain virgins by age 25 than those who did not pledge ( ...
... using a UN condom, plastic bag and string. Meanwhile, his best friend and football prodigy Fabrice longs to pursue his ambition ... masquerade as part of a woman's family in order to get on a bus to Kigali. However, they miss their stop whilst having to hide ...
Violence Against Women, 16(5), 579-600 Williamson, C., & Baker, L. (2009). Women in street based prostitution: A Typology of ... HIV risks and condom use, (c) emotional and physical health, (d) substance use, (e) home life and street life, and (f) ... Proceedings of The Women of Appalachia Conference, Ohio University. Williamson, C. (2000). Appalachian women & poverty: work in ... 18(2) Williamson, C. (2005). Violence against women in street level prostitution: Women centered community responses. Journal ...
At the same time, the government sought to improve women's access to microfinance via the Zimbabwe Women Microfinance Bank ... airtime for mobile phones or even condoms for small change. Counterfeiting currencies with which Zimbabweans are not familiar. ... "Zim Women's Microfinance Bank opens , ZBC News Online". zbc.co.zw. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2018-06- ... In 1988, the law gave women, at least in theory, the same rights as men. Previously, they could only take a few personal ...
Lead Article) Lever, J. "Condoms and Collegians," Playboy, September, 1988. Lever, J. "College Women Talk About Campus Sex," ... Louis alumni, Sociology educators, American women sociologists, 20th-century American women writers, Northwestern University ... "Women on Sex," an all-female (crew and audience, as well as cast) advice show on the new Playboy Channel; episodes ran from ... In Defense of Women: Memoirs of an Unrepentant Advocate, Boston, Beacon Press (p. 204). Peterson, James R. (in collaboration ...
Singhal notes that PD has been used to address issues such as malnutrition, eradication of female genital mutilation, human ... trafficking, increasing school retention rates, and promoting use of condoms among commercial sex workers. Singhal's work ...
10% of women at an adolescent planning center, 19% of female Canadian college students, and 25% of Black and Hispanic women at ... "Oral sex and condom use among young people in the United Kingdom". The Journal of Sexual Medicine. 7. 2010. doi:10.1111/jsm. ... Young men also receive more frequent oral sex than young women. One study with U.S. college students reported 62% of female ... Sexual self-concept affects sexual behavior for both men and women, but it also affects relationship development for women. ...
For example, one study in Japan found a 61% transmission rate for males to females vs. a less than 1% rate for females to males ... With proper prophylaxis (e.g. breastfeeding counseling for mothers, condom use, and donor blood screening), rates of ... Some evidence has suggested that male-to-female transmission is more efficient than female-to-male transmission. ... One case report describes an HTLV-1 infected woman who developed chronic refractory eczema, corneal injury and adult T cell ...
The woman (named Dorothy, like her screen counterpart) was a fellow vacationer on the island whom the 14-year-old Raucher had ... He is so successful he sneaks over to Hermie and Aggie to ask for more condoms. Confused as to what is happening, Aggie follows ... The episode "Summer of '85" in Baywatch shows Eddie (Billy Warlock) having a summer romance with an older woman called Lorna ... for condoms (or "rubbers," as they were known as in the '40s). That night, Hermie roasts marshmallows with Aggie while Oscy ...
Female Experience under Communism"), Lungu returned to fiction with the 2009 novel Cum să uiți o femeie ("How to Forget a Woman ... The narratives often focus on the presence and use of mundane objects, from Western contraband items such as condoms and ... female authors fundamentally speak about the same thing: the torment of being a woman, between the frustration of having one's ... an aging woman whose longing for the childhood and youth she spent under the communist regime make her block out negative ...
And a woman shall not stand in front of an animal to cohabit with it; this is depravity. (Lev. 18:23) And to a woman during the ... As of 2004, condoms accounted for 80% of birth control use in Japan, and this may explain Japan's comparably lower rates of ... These women differed from the wives that their patrons probably had at home because, except for the geisha, women were ... From early times, the virginity of women was rigidly enforced by family and community and linked to the monetary value of women ...
Yet Luke makes clear-and the other Gospels also show this in all sorts of ways-that 'many' women belonged to the more intimate ... The Church's rejection of the use of condoms has provoked criticism, especially with respect to countries where the incidence ... Efforts to lead the Church to consider the ordination of women led Pope John Paul II to issue two documents to explain Church ... They stated that many of the major Church documents were supposedly full of anti-female prejudice and a number of studies were ...
Like a male condom, it creates a barrier to prevent the sperm from getting to the egg. ... The female condom is a device used for birth control. ... female condom; Family planning - female condom; Birth control ... DISPOSING OF FEMALE CONDOMS. You should always throw condoms in the trash. Do not flush a female condom down the toilet. It is ... Female condoms can fail for the same reasons as male condoms, including: *There is a tear in a condom. (This can occur before ...
Surgical Sterilization Among Women and Use of Condoms -- Baltimore, 1989-1990 Since 1980, surgical sterilization among women ... Among women who had been sterilized, 78% reported never using a condom currently compared with 46% of nonsterilized women, ... However, sterilized women were somewhat less likely (71%) than nonsterilized women (90%) to believe that condoms prevent ... of women aged 15-44 years (1). A previous report of women in drug treatment suggested that women who have been surgically ...
New medical study shows that women are less likely to contract a virus that can cause cervical cancer if their male sexual ... The virus has been linked to cervical cancer, which kills more than 3,000 women in the U.S. each year, and nearly 300,000 women ... than women whose partners used condoms less than five percent of the time. ... shows that women are less likely to contract a virus that can cause cervical cancer if their male sexual partners use condoms. ...
Scientific and technical requirements to formulate a female condom generic specification and prequalification scheme: female ... Female condom technical review committee: summary report on FC2  World Health Organization (‎World Health Organization, 2007)‎ ... The female condom : a guide for planning and programming  World Health Organization (‎World Health OrganizationWorld Health ... The Female condom : an information pack  World Health Organization; UNAIDS (‎World Health OrganizationWorld Health ...
Both the female and the male condom function the same: ... is lesser known and more expensive than the regular male condom ... How the female condom works. Because too many men have been giving women flak for forcing them to wear condoms, a female condom ... Like the male condom, the female condom provides reliable protection against most STDs. The female condom also offers women the ... Like the male condom, the female condom provides reliable protection against most STDs. The female condom also offers women the ...
By NWHN Staff When condom companies added nonoxynol-9 to condoms as extra protection against HIV, despite evidence that the ... When condom companies added nonoxynol-9 to condoms as extra protection against HIV, despite evidence that the spermicide made ... Network Joins Call for Removal of Spermicide from Condoms April 12, 2021 ...
The female condom. The female condom, like the male condom, is a barrier contraceptive made of latex or polyurethane. The ... condom has a ring on each end. The ring that is placed inside the vagina fits over the cervix, while the other ring, which is ...
Only 7 percent of women and 27 percent of men "ever used" condoms during pre-marital sex, while a mere 3 percent and 13 percent ... "I was told condoms are not for me, and that a woman doesnt belong in this industry." ... The story of condoms is rich but troubled. The first recorded person to have used a condom was King Minos of Crete some 5,000 ... Salads packaging is discreet, keeping in mind the massive hesitancy there is among both men and women to buy condoms. Photo: ...
We describe providers awareness of female condom use during anal sex among their clients and their experiences in counseling ... several studies have reported that the female condom is being used for anal sex by men who have sex with men. ... The dearth of information on female condom use during anal sex could encourage individuals to use the female condom for anal ... uncertainty about anal use of the female condom. Lacking guidelines regarding the safety and efficacy of female condom use ...
ADDITION OF THE FEMALE CONDOM TO A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OFBARRIER CONTRACEPTION FOR PREVENTION OF SEXUALLY ... 4,824,822 for the addition of the female condom to other contraceptive choices available in a study of barrier contraception ... for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases among a group of high-risk women. INQUIRIES Inquiries regarding this notice ...
Use A New Condom For Each Woman - Amber Rose ... Use A New Condom For Each Woman - Amber Rose. 13-Jul-2016 ...
Condom Use During Sexual Intercourse Among Women and Men Aged 15-44 in the United States: 2011-2015 National Survey of Family ... of women and 10.5% of men used condoms plus non-hormonal methods. Almost 7% of women aged 15-44 who used a condom in the past ... Among condom users aged 15-44, the majority of women and men used only a condom and no other method during last intercourse in ... Percentages of female and male condom users aged 15-44 who used condoms only at last intercourse in the past 12 months ...
Consistent condom use was significantly higher among single women (AOR = 4.95; 95% CI: 2.45, 9.99), women who lived in urban ... and women involved in sex work (AOR = 3.55, 95% CI: 1.45, 8.67). Inconsistent condom use among the majority of female sexual ... of respondents had never used condoms with their partner. Fourteen women (6.3%) reported being HIV positive. While 7.7% had HIV ... Their female partners risk being infected through unprotected sexual contact. This paper reports the prevalence of consistent ...
Woman cringes after her mum finds her HUGE stash of condoms from when she was a teen - & then jokes you started young. ... Woman cringes after her mum finds her HUGE stash of condoms from when she was a teen - & then jokes you started young. ... While this mortified woman accidentally left a sex toy on full display as she live streamed her haircare routine. ... Captioning the photo of the condom pile next to the hot water bottle she said: "Just thought Id share this because I think ...
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Browse Newsweek archives of photos, videos and articles on Condoms. ... Young Women Resist Condom Use as Well. Many women use the same explanation and reasoning to forgo this type of contraception ... Stealthing Woman Who Poked Holes in Mans Condoms Sentenced. The woman was handed a six-month suspended sentence, with the ... 3D-Printed Custom-Fit Condoms Are The Future Of Sex. Custom-fit condoms are coming to a 3-D printer near you, thanks to the ...
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  • Although it's been years since the mother of two from the southern Indian city of Hyderabad last used a commercially available condom, she still faces toxic side-effects of regular condom use, including vaginal itching, drying and urinary tract infection. (vice.com)
  • The purpose of this report was to examine recent trends in condom use during vaginal (sexual) intercourse and measure the prevalence of condom use, alone or in combination with another contraceptive method. (cdc.gov)
  • The female safety, and integral no-good, is a popular way to help save as opposed to irritation from vaginal, anal and initiate dental problems sexual. (linkhospitals.in)
  • The female condom, a vaginal pouch worn during sex, is currently the most effective woman-initiated barrier method to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. (icrweb.org)
  • Bone turnover markers in women participating in a dose-finding trial of a contraceptive vaginal ring releasing Nestorone and estradiol. (nih.gov)
  • Research showed that women with high HIV-transmission risk had a lower incidence of HIV acquisition if they consistently used a vaginal ring delivering dapivirine. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this IAA is to conduct prostate-specific antigen (PSA) biomarker testing on approximately 1800 samples post-coital vaginal fluids and female condoms as part of a contraceptive efficacy trial being conducted by NICHD. (nih.gov)
  • The female condom protects against pregnancy. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Allows a woman to protect herself from pregnancy and STIs without relying on the male condom. (medlineplus.gov)
  • However, sterilized women were somewhat less likely (71%) than nonsterilized women (90%) to believe that condoms prevent pregnancy (p=0.02). (cdc.gov)
  • Both the female and the male condom function the same: It is a sheath that should be worn during sexual intercourse in order to prevent unintended pregnancy and to lessen the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). (dummies.com)
  • It is a contraceptive device used by women that protects against both pregnancy and sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV infection. (nih.gov)
  • But when we would go back to using condoms to avoid pregnancy, the pain and skin irritation in my nether region would come back. (vice.com)
  • Similarly, condoms can reduce the risk of pregnancy but have one of the highest rates of contraceptive failure of any contraceptive method. (cdc.gov)
  • It is important to note that there are many factors associated with condom nonuse, such as being in a monogamous relationship, using hormonal or other methods to prevent pregnancy or trying to get pregnant. (cdc.gov)
  • Several thousand female old fashioned paper more significant simplicity and commence look for stability, with only one ease of avert pregnancy typically the boyfriend condoms advertisment. (linkhospitals.in)
  • This 4-year study sought to enhance HIV prevention by increasing community-wide availability, accessibility, and support for use of the female condom to reduce transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections as well as pregnancy. (icrweb.org)
  • If a condom breaks or slips, semen can get through, making the condom less likely to prevent pregnancy or STDs . (kidshealth.org)
  • How Well Do Condoms Work to Prevent Pregnancy? (kidshealth.org)
  • 15 out of 100 typical couples who use male condoms will have an accidental pregnancy. (kidshealth.org)
  • A new condom should be used each time a couple has sex and it must be used from start to finish to protect against pregnancy and STDs. (kidshealth.org)
  • As their risk factors increase, these women have contraindications to most hormonal contraceptive methods, yet they face even higher risks from pregnancy. (nih.gov)
  • Options are limited for those women wishing to avoid pregnancy. (nih.gov)
  • Protection from sexually transmitted infections (including HIV / AIDS ) and prevention of pregnancy facilitated use of the device among female students . (bvsalud.org)
  • Although the female condom can protect female students from infections and pregnancy , there are several barriers to its use. (bvsalud.org)
  • Table 1 Comparison of reversible contraceptive methods: Percent of women experiencing a contraceptive failure (pregnancy) during the first year of use. (nih.gov)
  • Hormonal birth control, hormone therapy, and pregnancy all raise the likelihood of VTE for women. (nih.gov)
  • These condoms fit inside the vagina . (medlineplus.gov)
  • The condom is not put in place before the penis touches the vagina. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If a condom tears or breaks, the outer ring is pushed up inside the vagina, or the condom bunches up inside the vagina during intercourse, remove it and insert another condom right away. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The female condom is a loose-fitting pouch with a closed end that you insert deep inside your vagina. (dummies.com)
  • Das Velvet Condom besteht aus einem die Vagina auskleidenden Latex-Beutel, der an einem äußeren, runden Rahmen befestigt ist und am anderen Ende einen elastischen Plastikring enthält, der dafür sorgt, dass der Beutel in der Vagina verbleibt. (erotikzar.de)
  • Condoms are thin pouches that keep sperm from getting into the vagina. (kidshealth.org)
  • A female condom is inserted into the vagina . (kidshealth.org)
  • Condoms work by keeping semen (the fluid that contains sperm) from entering the vagina. (kidshealth.org)
  • After t he male ejaculates, he should hold the condom at the base of the penis as he pulls out of the vagina. (kidshealth.org)
  • This prevents the condom from slipping off when he gets soft, which could let sperm enter the vagina. (kidshealth.org)
  • The female condom is inserted into the vagina using the closed-end ring. (kidshealth.org)
  • The condom then lines the walls of the vagina, creating a barrier between the sperm and the cervix. (kidshealth.org)
  • This paper reports the prevalence of consistent condom use and its predictors among the wives and regular sexual partners of MWIDs in Klang Valley, Malaysia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Data were analysed descriptively for the prevalence of consistent condom use, HIV status and HIV risk-related behaviour. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, the prevalence remains high among high-risk groups, such as female sex workers (6.3%), men who have sex with men (21.6%), transgender women (10.9%) and people who inject drugs (13.5%) [ 1 , 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • While previous studies from various locations in Malaysia reported a low prevalence of condom use among men who injected drugs during their last sexual intercourse (only 14 to 28%), limited local data are available to show the prevalence of condom use with their wives and steady partners [ 2 , 8 , 11 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • You do not use a condom each time you have intercourse. (medlineplus.gov)
  • However, female condoms may be placed up to 8 hours before intercourse. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Editorial Note: Failure to use condoms during intercourse with partners at risk for STDs, including HIV infection, increases the risk for acquiring STDs. (cdc.gov)
  • unless women, including those who have been sterilized, are involved in mutually monogamous relationships with uninfected partners who have no risk behaviors (e.g., injecting-drug use), condoms should be used during sexual intercourse. (cdc.gov)
  • Like a diaphragm, you can insert the female condom ahead of time or right before intercourse. (dummies.com)
  • Starting in 2013, questions on problems with condom use were asked of women aged 15-44 who used a condom during intercourse in the past 4 weeks. (cdc.gov)
  • Last month, NSFG released a report on contraceptive use among female and male teens aged 15-19 that included information on condom use at first and most recent intercourse ( https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr104.pdf) . (cdc.gov)
  • In 2011-2015, 23.8% of women and 33.7% of men aged 15-44 used a condom at last sexual intercourse in the past 12 months. (cdc.gov)
  • Almost 7% of women aged 15-44 who used a condom in the past four weeks said the condom broke or completely fell off during intercourse or withdrawal and 25.8% said the condom was used for only part of the time during intercourse. (cdc.gov)
  • How has the percentage of condom use in the U.S. during sexual intercourse changed since 2002? (cdc.gov)
  • The percentages of women aged 15-44 who used condoms at last sexual intercourse in the past 12 months were similar from 2002 to 2011-2015, but for men aged 15-44, the percentages increased from 29.5% in 2002 to 33.7% in 2011-2015. (cdc.gov)
  • Percentages of female and male condom users aged 15-44 who used condoms only at last intercourse in the past 12 months decreased from 67.9% of women and 63.0% of men in 2002 to 59.9% and 56.4% in 2011-2015. (cdc.gov)
  • Alongside this decline, percentages of female condom users aged 15-44 who used condoms plus non-hormonal methods at last intercourse increased from 11.9% in 2006-2010 to 15.1% in 2011-2015. (cdc.gov)
  • This report showed that the majority of women and men aged 15-44 in each NSFG survey period did not use a condom at all during last sexual intercourse. (cdc.gov)
  • Although this report could not address each of these factors directly, these findings indicate there are differences in condom use by age, education, Hispanic origin and race, relationship at last sexual intercourse and number of sexual partners in the past 12 months. (cdc.gov)
  • About one-quarter of women aged 15-44 who used a condom during intercourse in the past 4 weeks reported that the condom was used for only part of the time during intercourse (25.8%), suggesting that condoms are often used inconsistently. (cdc.gov)
  • The female condom can be inserted up to 8 hours before intercourse. (kidshealth.org)
  • The male and female condoms should not be used at the same time because friction can break them, make them stick together, or make one or the other slip out of place during intercourse. (kidshealth.org)
  • The findings in Baltimore are consistent with a previous study of surgical sterilization among women who were surveyed while enrolled in drug-treatment clinics in Philadelphia and underscore the need for educating women who have been surgically sterilized and others about the importance of condom use as a means for preventing STDs and HIV infection (2). (cdc.gov)
  • An ANOVA was conducted to compare differences between never, inconsistent, and consistent condom users. (nih.gov)
  • Subsequently, simple and multiple logistic regressions were undertaken to identify the predictors of consistent condom use. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Inadequate availability, partner objection, stigma, insertion difficulties and lack of awareness served as significant barriers to consistent female condom use. (bvsalud.org)
  • Interventions should aim to increase availability of the female condom , and male involvement should be increased to facilitate consistent use of the method . (bvsalud.org)
  • Consistent condom use can protect women from HPV infection. (nih.gov)
  • However, it is not thought to work as well as male condoms in protecting against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (medlineplus.gov)
  • ISO 25841:2014 specifies the minimum requirements and test methods for female condoms, which are supplied to consumers for contraceptive purposes, assisting in the prevention of sexually transmitted infections. (iso.org)
  • The male latex condom is the single, most efficient, available technology to reduce the sexual transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections," says the WHO . (undispatch.com)
  • Condoms can provide protection against most STIs but are often used incorrectly and inconsistently. (cdc.gov)
  • Condoms can block many STIs. (nih.gov)
  • The study enrolled 501 adults considered at high risk for bacterial STIs, either men who had sex with men or transgender women. (nih.gov)
  • and 15.1% of women and 10.5% of men used condoms plus non-hormonal methods. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, students expressed positive attitudes towards the female condom and preferred it to hormonal contraceptives because it offered them dual protection . (bvsalud.org)
  • Like a male condom, it creates a barrier to prevent the sperm from getting to the egg. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The female condom, like the male condom, is a barrier contraceptive made of latex or polyurethane. (limamemorial.org)
  • Two studies have investigated the contraceptive effectiveness of the female condom, and it was found to be as effective as other barrier methods. (nih.gov)
  • A previous report of women in drug treatment suggested that women who have been surgically sterilized were less likely to report condom use -- an effective measure for prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) -- than were nonsterilized women (2). (cdc.gov)
  • This report summarizes a study of the relation between surgical sterilization, risk status for STDs and HIV, and use of condoms among women who reside in two inner-city, minority neighborhoods in Baltimore. (cdc.gov)
  • More than one third of both sterilized (35%) and nonsterilized (37%) women had a personal and/or a partner risk factor for STDs (Table 2). (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, public health messages addressing the risks for HIV, STDs, cervical cancer, and other reproductive health concerns should include women who are surgically sterilized as well as those who are not. (cdc.gov)
  • Like the male condom, the female condom provides reliable protection against most STDs. (dummies.com)
  • Do Condoms Help Protect Against STDs? (kidshealth.org)
  • Latex, polyurethane, and polyisoprene condoms can help prevent many STDs if they are used correctly. (kidshealth.org)
  • Condoms made of lambskin do not work well to prevent STDs, especially HIV/AIDs. (kidshealth.org)
  • Couples having sex must always use condoms to protect against STDs even when using another method of birth control. (kidshealth.org)
  • Everyone should consider using a condom to help protect against STDs. (kidshealth.org)
  • The article discusses the use of the female condom by 713 clients of seven service centers specialized in STDs/AIDS in Greater São Paulo, which were part of a longitudinal study about the continuity of its use. (bvsalud.org)
  • Although nonsterilized women were more likely to report personal risk factors for STD/HIV infection and sterilized women were more likely to report risk factors for their partners, these differences were not statistically significant (Table 2). (cdc.gov)
  • The analysis of time of use of the female condom conducted using the Kaplan Meier Method showed a statistically significant association with HIV serostatus ( p =.02). (bvsalud.org)
  • Contact your health care provider or pharmacy for information about emergency contraception (Plan B) if the condom tears or the contents spill when removing it. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sterilisation is by far the most popular method of contraception in India , especially in rural areas, but the procedure is almost always carried out on women and often in dangerous conditions. (theguardian.com)
  • Then came research, and she chanced upon vegan condoms in the U.S. and Europe. (vice.com)
  • Consequently employing natural cotton vegan condoms is your representative to this particular point. (linkhospitals.in)
  • Though, credit card condoms will set you back compared with latex condoms and fewer modifiable which means improved lubrication may very well be had. (linkhospitals.in)
  • The female condom also offers women the freedom of self-reliance when it comes to protecting themselves against AIDS and its kin. (dummies.com)
  • Condom technology has come a long way since then, and nearly 30 billion condoms have been sold around the world, which famously helped minimise global health crises such as AIDS. (vice.com)
  • The Kenyan government will only be able to provide 150 million condoms, short of the expected demand of 262 million, says AIDS Healthcare Foundation Kenya. (newsweek.com)
  • Mit dem Velvet Condom haben Frauen die Möglichkeit, die aktive Rolle bei der Verhütung und Prävention von AIDS und Infektionskrankheiten zu übernehmen. (erotikzar.de)
  • During his first visit to Africa in March 2009, the Pope made some comments about the utility of condoms for HIV/AIDS prevention that caused great concern in the public health community. (undispatch.com)
  • Be careful not to tear condoms with sharp fingernails or jewelry. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Condoms also can be damaged by things like fingernails and body piercings. (kidshealth.org)
  • Inconsistent condom use among the majority of female sexual partners of MWIDs underscores the heightened risk faced by these women and calls for alternative prevention methods that women are able to control. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The female condom is made of a thin, strong plastic called polyurethane. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Factors facilitating and inhibiting the use of female condoms among female university students in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. (bvsalud.org)
  • The study aimed to explore the factors facilitating and inhibiting female condom use among female university students in South Africa . (bvsalud.org)
  • This qualitative study drew on 15 individual, in-depth interviews with female university students in Durban, South Africa . (bvsalud.org)
  • Men, too, are known to react adversely to condom use, and it's led to dermatitis and even gangrene or rotting away of the penis . (vice.com)
  • A male condom is worn on the penis . (kidshealth.org)
  • The male condom is placed on the penis when it becomes erect. (kidshealth.org)
  • It is unrolled all the way to the base of the penis while holding the tip of the condom to leave some extra room at the end. (kidshealth.org)
  • Condoms do not protect against infections spread from sores on the skin not covered by a condom (such as the base of the penis or scrotum). (kidshealth.org)
  • There's no conclusive data on how many Indian women are allergic to regular condoms, but anecdotal evidence such as Baldwa's experience exists copiously on the internet. (vice.com)
  • The condom may make noise (using the lubricant may help). (medlineplus.gov)
  • No serious local side effects or allergies have been reported and the female condom can be used with any type of lubricant, spermicidal cream or foam. (nih.gov)
  • When used correctly all of the time, female condoms are 95% effective. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When used correctly, the female condom provides some measure of birth control, although it is definitely not the most reliable method. (dummies.com)
  • But condoms are not always used consistently or correctly. (nih.gov)
  • While Durex made news last year by announcing eggplant condom, Manforce just went a step further for its desi clientele as it seems to have launched an 'achari masti' flavoured condom. (asianage.com)
  • In addition,you travel to utilize a Durex seriously-awesome condoms more often stemming from the woman's top to bottom composition. (linkhospitals.in)
  • The percentage of HIV diagnosis among women has escalated from 5% in 1997 to 21% in 2017 [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • During November 1989-February 1990, as part of the baseline evaluation for a community-based HIV-prevention program, the Baltimore City Health Department and Johns Hopkins University, in cooperation with CDC, interviewed 766 women aged 17-35 years residing in the two neighborhoods by telephone using random-digit dialing. (cdc.gov)
  • Structural issues affecting creation of a Community Action and Advocacy Board: A pilot project engaging community to develop multilevel intervention for HIV prevention using female condoms. (icrweb.org)
  • Now seems like a good moment to reflect on his mixed record on condom use for HIV prevention. (undispatch.com)
  • The fact is, condoms are vert effective tools for HIV prevention. (undispatch.com)
  • Condoms are a key tool of the combination prevention strategy that has helped to reduce the spread of HIV in the hardest hit countries over the past decade. (undispatch.com)
  • Women who were HIV positive adhered for a longer period of time to this method of prevention than HIV negative women in sexual relationships with men living with HIV. (bvsalud.org)
  • Left untreated, they can lead to serious health issues, such as blindness, brain and nerve problems, and infertility in women. (nih.gov)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Condoms, Female. (who.int)
  • Of the 766 women, 210 (44 sterilized and 166 nonsterilized) women aged 20-35 years were asked additional questions about their attitudes toward condom use. (cdc.gov)
  • Wits Vuvuzela got a hold of free issue female condoms from Campus Health, and then asked Witsies if they had had any experiences with the condoms, and what their general attitudes were towards female condoms. (witsvuvuzela.com)
  • This assessment measures participants' attitudes toward the use of the female condom. (nih.gov)
  • Turns out, it wasn't as much his semen as his condom, which was made from the bladder of a goat. (vice.com)
  • This creates a space for semen after ejaculation and makes it less likely that the condom will break. (kidshealth.org)
  • self - efficacy to negotiate condom use with partners and actual condom use were self -reported before and one week after interventions. (bvsalud.org)
  • 95% CI: 1.13, 10.5) and women involved in sex work (AOR = 3.55, 95% CI: 1.45, 8.67). (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study utilized quantitative and qualitative methods to (1) investigate the relationship between frequency of condom use and negotiation strategies and (2) evaluate experiences with condom negotiations among sexually active, heterosexual, African American college women. (nih.gov)
  • Over recent years, there has been concern over the increasing number of cases of heterosexual transmission of HIV in Malaysia, resulting in the changing gender distribution of the disease, which is currently increasing among women [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Never use oil-based lubricants (such as mineral oil, petroleum jelly, or baby oil) with condoms because they can break down the rubber. (kidshealth.org)
  • Some couples have also complained that the condom reduces their feeling and that it's noisy. (dummies.com)
  • By the way, for those of you who may want to double your level of protection by using both a male and female condom at the same time, this is not recommended. (dummies.com)
  • When condom companies added nonoxynol-9 to condoms as extra protection against HIV, despite evidence that the spermicide made infection more likely in certain circumstances, the NWHN spoke out. (nwhn.org)
  • Now they not only want the protection, they also want more sexual pleasure from the condom, that's why we designed the spike condom. (romeocondom.com)
  • For added protection , it's wise to use condoms along with another method of birth control, like birth control pills or an IUD . (kidshealth.org)
  • A new medical study shows that women are less likely to contract a virus that can cause cervical cancer if their male sexual partners use condoms. (voanews.com)
  • The virus has been linked to cervical cancer, which kills more than 3,000 women in the U.S. each year, and nearly 300,000 women worldwide. (voanews.com)
  • In 2019, she created what is probably India's first vegan range of condoms for men, called Bleu . (vice.com)
  • India's estimated 900 TV channels have been ordered to restrict condom commercials to between 10pm and 6am. (theguardian.com)
  • The present controlled pilot study tested whether psychological inoculation (PI) reduces such barriers for using male condoms . (bvsalud.org)
  • Frequency of condom use (prior 4 mo), no. (cdc.gov)
  • Current contraceptive methods serve well for many women but not well for others, especially women with special health considerations such as obesity, hypertension, or diabetes. (nih.gov)
  • In partnership with the Population Council, CDP has developed a novel ring that delivers progestin to effectively block follicular development and deliver 17-ßestradiol to support bone health, but with low potential for increasing VTE risk, even for women who have obesity. (nih.gov)
  • Health services should broaden their scope in relation to the female condom, as well as rethink their engagement with the seronegative women and men. (bvsalud.org)
  • health education yields little change in condom use. (bvsalud.org)
  • Twenty-two Nigerian women with HIV were randomly assigned to receive PI or health education (control). (bvsalud.org)
  • Responses to SXD171 (# of female partners) that were 2000 or more partners were grouped and coded a "2000 or more" partners. (cdc.gov)
  • Safe sex is important to a lot of people around the world and with rising awareness firms have been coming out with several variations of condoms. (asianage.com)
  • In order to address these issues, the railways is utilising the station premises to set up facilities having separate toilets for men and women which will be utilised to build awareness for best practices of menstrual hygiene and usage of contraceptives as proposed. (asianage.com)
  • Family planning advocates said they were disappointed by the order in a country where awareness of condoms' benefits is high but their use remains stubbornly low - limited to about 5% of men. (theguardian.com)
  • Women who take some types of birth control pills or get hormone therapy have a higher likelihood of blood clots. (nih.gov)
  • while controls learned how to use condoms and the consequences of their non-use. (bvsalud.org)
  • Friction of the condom may reduce clitoral stimulation and lubrication. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Researchers tracked the sexual activity of 82 female college students in the western U.S. state of Washington. (voanews.com)
  • Their female partners risk being infected through unprotected sexual contact. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These women are at an increased risk of contracting HIV, mainly through unprotected sexual contact with their infected partners. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The ACASI section on sexual behavior (SXQYTH) provides information on lifetime and current sexual behavior for both men and women. (cdc.gov)
  • The decision of the sexual partner was a deciding factor for the interruption and for the maintenance of female condom use, indicating that the dyadic dynamic and intersubjectivity in the context of gendered relations, and not merely the knowledge of the method by the woman, should be the focus of promoting the female condom. (bvsalud.org)
  • This will help avoid the temptation of not using a condom during sex. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The information and broadcasting ministry ordered the country's estimated 900 television channels to restrict condom commercials to between 10pm and 6am to avoid children seeing them. (theguardian.com)
  • DO NOT use a female condom and a male condom at the same time. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Apart from dotted and even glow in the dark, flavoured condoms have been around for quite some time. (asianage.com)
  • For condoms to have their best chance of working, they must be used every time a couple has sex. (kidshealth.org)
  • Five additional questions ask about intent to use the female condom, with what kind of partner, and whether this will be in the next 3-month period of time. (nih.gov)
  • Do not flush a female condom down the toilet. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Condoms and sanitary pads will now be sold at toilet facilities both inside and outside railway stations for not only the passengers but also the people living in its vicinity, a new toilet policy recently approved by the Railway Board said. (asianage.com)
  • Data on condom use has been collected for women since 1973 and for men, since 2002. (cdc.gov)