Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Risk Reduction Behavior
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Interviews as Topic
Family Planning Services
Disease Transmission, Infectious
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial
Condom use and HIV risk behaviors among U.S. adults: data from a national survey. (1/1516)CONTEXT: How much condom use among U.S. adults varies by type of partner or by risk behavior is unclear. Knowledge of such differentials would aid in evaluating the progress being made toward goals for levels of condom use as part of the Healthy People 2000 initiative. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 1996 National Household Survey of Drug Abuse, an annual household-based probability sample of the noninstitutionalized population aged 12 and older that measures the use of illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco. The personal behaviors module included 25 questions covering sexual activity in the past year, frequency of condom use in the past year, circumstances of the last sexual encounter and HIV testing. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent of adults reported using a condom at last intercourse outside of an ongoing relationship, while only 19% reported using condoms when the most recent intercourse occurred within a steady relationship. Within ongoing relationships, condom use was highest among respondents who were younger, black, of lower income and from large metropolitan areas. Forty percent of unmarried adults used a condom at last sex, compared with the health objective of 50% for the year 2000. Forty percent of injecting drug users used condoms at last intercourse, compared with the 60% condom use objective for high-risk individuals. Significantly, persons at increased risk for HIV because of their sexual behavior or drug use were not more likely to use condoms than were persons not at increased risk; only 22% used condoms during last intercourse within an ongoing relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial progress has been made toward national goals for increasing condom use. The rates of condom use by individuals at high risk of HIV need to be increased, however, particularly condom use with a steady partner. (+info)
Community-level HIV intervention in 5 cities: final outcome data from the CDC AIDS Community Demonstration Projects. (2/1516)OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated a theory-based community-level intervention to promote progress toward consistent condom and bleach use among selected populations at increased risk for HIV infection in 5 US cities. METHODS: Role-model stories were distributed, along with condoms and bleach, by community members who encouraged behavior change among injection drug users, their female sex partners, sex workers, non-gay-identified men who have sex with men, high-risk youth, and residents in areas with high sexually transmitted disease rates. Over a 3-year period, cross-sectional interviews (n = 15,205) were conducted in 10 intervention and comparison community pairs. Outcomes were measured on a stage-of-change scale. Observed condom carrying and intervention exposure were also measured. RESULTS: At the community level, movement toward consistent condom use with main (P < .05) and nonmain (P < .05) partners, as well as increased condom carrying (P < .0001), was greater in intervention than in comparison communities. At the individual level, respondents recently exposed to the intervention were more likely to carry condoms and to have higher stage-of-change scores for condom and bleach use. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention led to significant communitywide progress toward consistent HIV risk reduction. (+info)
Safer sex strategies for women: the hierarchical model in methadone treatment clinics. (3/1516)Women clients of a methadone maintenance treatment clinic were targeted for an intervention aimed to reduce unsafe sex. The hierarchical model was the basis of the single intervention session, tested among 63 volunteers. This model requires the educator to discuss and demonstrate a full range of barriers that women might use for protection, ranking these in the order of their known efficacy. The model stresses that no one should go without protection. Two objections, both untested, have been voiced against the model. One is that, because of its complexity, women will have difficulty comprehending the message. The second is that, by demonstrating alternative strategies to the male condom, the educator is offering women a way out from persisting with the male condom, so that instead they will use an easier, but less effective, method of protection. The present research aimed at testing both objections in a high-risk and disadvantaged group of women. By comparing before and after performance on a knowledge test, it was established that, at least among these women, the complex message was well understood. By comparing baseline and follow-up reports of barriers used by sexually active women before and after intervention, a reduction in reports of unsafe sexual encounters was demonstrated. The reduction could be attributed directly to adoption of the female condom. Although some women who had used male condoms previously adopted the female condom, most of those who did so had not used the male condom previously. Since neither theoretical objection to the hierarchical model is sustained in this population, fresh weight is given to emphasizing choice of barriers, especially to women who are at high risk and relatively disempowered. As experience with the female condom grows and its unfamiliarity decreases, it would seem appropriate to encourage women who do not succeed with the male condom to try to use the female condom, over which they have more control. (+info)
Village-based AIDS prevention in a rural district in Uganda. (4/1516)OBJECTIVE: To design, implement and evaluate a village-based AIDS prevention programme in a rural district in north-western Uganda. A baseline KAP survey of the general population was carried out to design a district-wide information campaign and condom promotion programme. Eighteen months later the impact achieved was measured through a second KAP survey, using the same methodology. METHODS: Anonymous structured interviews were conducted in March 1991 and October 1992 with 1486 and 1744 randomly selected individuals age 15-49, respectively. RESULTS: At 18 months, 60% of respondents had participated in an information session in the past year (47% women, 71% men) and 42% had received a pamphlet about AIDS (26% women, 58% men). Knowledge about AIDS, high initially (94%), reached 98%. More respondents knew that the incubation period is longer than one year (from 29% to 40%), and were willing to take care of a PWA (from 60% to 77%). Knowledge about condoms increased from 26 to 63% in women and 57 to 91% in men. Ever use of condoms among persons having engaged in casual sex in the past year increased from 6 to 33% in women, and 27 to 48% in men. Fifty per cent of condom users criticized lack of regular access to condoms. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first documented example of the impact a village-based AIDS prevention programme can achieve in a rural African community. Critical areas to be improved were identified, such as: women must be given better access to information, more attention must be paid to explain the asymptomatic state of HIV infection in appropriate terms, and condom social marketing must be developed. (+info)
Using condom data to assess the impact of HIV/AIDS preventive interventions. (5/1516)The effective evaluation of preventive activities depends on the identification of indicators and the selection of appropriate outcome measures which reflect the goals of the intervention. An increase in condom use has been seen as a positive sign of the impact of HIV/AIDS public education. This paper examines possible sources of data relating to condom use in the context of assessing public response to the AIDS epidemic, with particular reference to methodological challenges presented by each; issues relating to the validity of data, problems of interpretation and the scope for improvement. A multiple indicator approach, using several types of data in unison, is advocated. Conclusions drawn from the multiple indicator approach are likely to be firmer and sounder than those drawn from the single indicator approach, and are more likely to offer insight into the mechanisms which influence particular outcomes. (+info)
Relaying the message of safer sex: condom races for community-based skills training. (6/1516)This paper describes a community-based HIV prevention program designed to improve confidence in condom use skills by giving community members 'hands-on' experience in using condoms correctly. A condom race activity which had been effective in increasing condom skills confidence among university students in the US was modified and implemented with the general population in rural Northeast Thailand. In addition to providing training in condom use skills, the condom race was part of an integrated condom promotion and distribution campaign which responded to needs identified by the community, built upon the credibility and influence of local leaders and peers, and extended access to condoms into rural communities. Local leaders who had participated in a training-of-trainers program organized condom races in their communities, serving as positive role models for community acceptance of condom use. The condom race stimulated community discussion about condoms and increased participants' feelings of self-efficacy in correct condom use. Participation in the condom race activity was particularly empowering to women, who reported increased confidence in their ability to use condoms and to suggest using condoms with their partners after the race. (+info)
Cost as a barrier to condom use: the evidence for condom subsidies in the United States. (7/1516)OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the impact of price on condom use. METHODS: A program based on distribution of condoms at no charge was replaced with one providing low-cost condoms (25 cents). Pretest and posttest surveys asked about condom use among persons reporting 2 or more sex partners. RESULTS: At pretest, 57% of respondents had obtained free condoms, and 77% had used a condom during their most recent sexual encounter. When the price was raised to 25 cents, the respective percentages decreased to 30% and 64%. CONCLUSIONS: Cost is a barrier to condom use. Free condoms should be distributed to encourage their use by persons at risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. (+info)
Contraceptive needs of women attending a genitourinary medicine clinic for the first time. (8/1516)OBJECTIVE: To assess the need for, and potential uptake of, a contraceptive service within a genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic. METHODS: 544 women, median age 17 years (range 13-54) including 142 teenagers, attending the Fife GUM clinics serving a semirural population of 350,000 for the first time in the 12 month period from 1 September 1995 to 31 August 1996 were interviewed. RESULTS: Contraception was required by 353, of whom only 5% (29) were at risk of unplanned pregnancy, although half (15) of these were teenagers. 23 of 29 (79%) stated that they would access contraception at a GUM clinic if it were available. Of women using contraception, 67% (217/324) were taking the oral contraceptive pill (OCP), of whom 177 obtained supplies from their general practitioners and were happy with this. However, 92/177 (52%) stated that they would access the OCP at GUM clinics if it were available. Overall, of the 243 women who stated that they would access contraception at the GUM clinic, 23 of whom were currently at risk of an unplanned pregnancy, the demand was principally for condoms and the OCP. CONCLUSION: The majority of women attending GUM clinics for the first time are using contraception, or have deliberately chosen not to do so. Only 5% were at risk of unplanned pregnancy. In general, the women using contraception were happy with their current source of contraception, but about two thirds would use a contraceptive service at GUM clinics if it were available at the time they were attending the clinic. It was found that teenagers accounted for half of those women at risk of unwanted pregnancy. However, the majority of teenagers requiring contraception would consider obtaining it from GUM clinics. (+info)
STDs can cause a range of symptoms, including genital itching, burning during urination, unusual discharge, and painful sex. Some STDs can also lead to long-term health problems, such as infertility, chronic pain, and an increased risk of certain types of cancer.
STDs are usually diagnosed through a physical exam, blood tests, or other diagnostic tests. Treatment for STDs varies depending on the specific infection and can include antibiotics, antiviral medication, or other therapies. It's important to practice safe sex, such as using condoms, to reduce the risk of getting an STD.
Some of the most common STDs include:
* Chlamydia: A bacterial infection that can cause genital itching, burning during urination, and unusual discharge.
* Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that can cause similar symptoms to chlamydia.
* Syphilis: A bacterial infection that can cause a painless sore on the genitals, followed by a rash and other symptoms.
* Herpes: A viral infection that can cause genital itching, burning during urination, and painful sex.
* HPV: A viral infection that can cause genital warts and increase the risk of cervical cancer.
* HIV/AIDS: A viral infection that can cause a range of symptoms, including fever, fatigue, and weight loss, and can lead to AIDS if left untreated.
It's important to note that some STDs can be spread through non-sexual contact, such as sharing needles or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth. It's also important to know that many STDs can be asymptomatic, meaning you may not have any symptoms even if you are infected.
If you think you may have been exposed to an STD, it's important to get tested as soon as possible. Many STDs can be easily treated with antibiotics or other medications, but if left untreated, they can lead to serious complications and long-term health problems.
It's also important to practice safe sex to reduce the risk of getting an STD. This includes using condoms, as well as getting vaccinated against HPV and Hepatitis B, which are both common causes of STDs.
In addition to getting tested and practicing safe sex, it's important to be aware of your sexual health and the risks associated with sex. This includes being aware of any symptoms you may experience, as well as being aware of your partner's sexual history and any STDs they may have. By being informed and proactive about your sexual health, you can help reduce the risk of getting an STD and maintain good sexual health.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is a condition in which the body is infected with HIV, a type of retrovirus that attacks the body's immune system. HIV infection can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), a condition in which the immune system is severely damaged and the body is unable to fight off infections and diseases.
There are several ways that HIV can be transmitted, including:
1. Sexual contact with an infected person
2. Sharing of needles or other drug paraphernalia with an infected person
3. Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Blood transfusions ( although this is rare in developed countries due to screening processes)
5. Organ transplantation (again, rare)
The symptoms of HIV infection can be mild at first and may not appear until several years after infection. These symptoms can include:
3. Swollen glands in the neck, armpits, and groin
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
8. Weight loss
If left untreated, HIV infection can progress to AIDS, which is a life-threatening condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:
1. Opportunistic infections (such as pneumocystis pneumonia)
2. Cancer (such as Kaposi's sarcoma)
3. Wasting syndrome
4. Neurological problems (such as dementia and seizures)
HIV infection is diagnosed through a combination of blood tests and physical examination. Treatment typically involves antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is a combination of medications that work together to suppress the virus and slow the progression of the disease.
Prevention methods for HIV infection include:
1. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms and dental dams
2. Avoiding sharing needles or other drug-injecting equipment
3. Avoiding mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which is a short-term treatment that can prevent infection after potential exposure to the virus
5. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is a daily medication that can prevent infection in people who are at high risk of being exposed to the virus.
It's important to note that HIV infection is manageable with proper treatment and care, and that people living with HIV can lead long and healthy lives. However, it's important to be aware of the risks and take steps to prevent transmission.
The symptoms of AIDS can vary depending on the individual and the stage of the disease. Common symptoms include:
3. Swollen glands
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
8. Weight loss
9. Memory loss and other neurological problems
10. Cancer and other opportunistic infections.
AIDS is diagnosed through blood tests that detect the presence of HIV antibodies or the virus itself. There is no cure for AIDS, but antiretroviral therapy (ART) can help manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Prevention methods include using condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and avoiding sharing needles or other injection equipment.
In summary, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a severe and life-threatening condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). It is characterized by a severely weakened immune system, which makes it difficult to fight off infections and diseases. While there is no cure for AIDS, antiretroviral therapy can help manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Prevention methods include using condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis, and avoiding sharing needles or other injection equipment.
HIV seropositivity is typically diagnosed through a blood test called an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). This test detects the presence of antibodies against HIV in the blood by using specific proteins on the surface of the virus. If the test is positive, it means that the individual has been infected with HIV.
HIV seropositivity is an important diagnostic criterion for AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), which is a condition that develops when the immune system is severely damaged by HIV infection. AIDS is diagnosed based on a combination of symptoms and laboratory tests, including HIV seropositivity.
HIV seropositivity can be either primary (acute) or chronic. Primary HIV seropositivity occurs when an individual is first infected with HIV and their immune system produces antibodies against the virus. Chronic HIV seropositivity occurs when an individual has been living with HIV for a long time and their immune system has produced antibodies that remain in their bloodstream.
HIV seropositivity can have significant implications for an individual's health and quality of life, as well as their social and economic well-being. It is important for individuals who are HIV seropositive to receive appropriate medical care and support to manage their condition and prevent the transmission of HIV to others.
The term "prosopagnosia" comes from the Greek words "prosopon," meaning "face," and "agnosia," meaning "not knowing." It is a rare condition, estimated to affect only about 2% of the population.
People with prosopagnosia may experience a range of symptoms, including:
* Difficulty recognizing familiar faces, both in person and in photographs
* Trouble distinguishing between different faces, especially when the faces are not well-lit or are seen from a distance
* Memory lapses for faces, making it difficult to remember past encounters with individuals
* Confusion between faces of people they know and those they do not know
* Difficulty recognizing their own face in a mirror or in photographs
The exact cause of prosopagnosia is not fully understood, but research suggests that it may be related to abnormalities in the brain's face-processing centers. Some studies suggest that the condition may be hereditary, while others point to possible causes such as stroke, head injury, or neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's or Parkinson's.
There is currently no cure for prosopagnosia, but there are strategies and techniques that can help individuals with the condition manage their symptoms. These may include:
* Using alternative methods of identification, such as voice recognition or clothing style
* Creating associations between faces and other distinguishing features, such as hairstyle or body shape
* Developing a system for keeping track of names and faces, such as using mnemonic devices or keeping a face database
* Seeking support from family, friends, and mental health professionals to cope with the social and emotional challenges of living with prosopagnosia.
Overall, prosopagnosia is a complex and poorly understood condition that can significantly impact an individual's daily life and relationships. Research into its causes and effective treatments is ongoing, offering hope for those affected by the condition.
IV drug use can cause a range of short-term and long-term health problems, including infections, abscesses, blood-borne illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, and overdose. In addition to physical health issues, IV substance abuse can also lead to mental health problems, financial and legal problems, and social isolation.
Treatment for IV substance abuse typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy and medication. Behavioral therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and contingency management can help individuals modify their drug-seeking behaviors and develop coping skills to maintain sobriety. Medications such as methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone can also be used to manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings for drugs.
Prevention strategies for IV substance abuse include education and awareness campaigns, community-based outreach programs, and harm reduction services such as needle exchange programs. These strategies aim to reduce the initiation of IV drug use, particularly among young people and other vulnerable populations.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in men include:
* A burning sensation when urinating
* Discharge from the penis
* Painful or swollen testicles
* Painful urination
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women include:
* Increased vaginal discharge
* Painful urination
* Painful intercourse
* Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Gonorrhea can be diagnosed through a physical exam and laboratory tests, such as a urine test or a swab of the affected area. It is typically treated with antibiotics.
If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious complications, including:
* Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women
* Epididymitis (inflammation of the tube that carries sperm) in men
* Chronic pain
* Increased risk of HIV transmission
Gonorrhea is a reportable disease, meaning that healthcare providers are required by law to report cases to public health authorities. This helps to track and prevent the spread of the infection.
Prevention methods for gonorrhea include:
* Safe sex practices, such as using condoms or dental dams
* Avoiding sexual contact with someone who has gonorrhea
* Getting regularly tested for STIs
* Using pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention
It is important to note that gonorrhea can be asymptomatic, meaning that individuals may not experience any symptoms even if they have the infection. Therefore, regular testing is important for early detection and treatment.
Examples of viral STDs include:
1. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus): HIV attacks the body's immune system, making it harder to fight off infections and diseases. It can be spread through sex, sharing needles, or mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.
2. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV): HSV causes genital herpes, which can cause painful blisters and sores on the genitals. It can be spread through skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.
3. Human Papillomavirus (HPV): HPV can cause genital warts, as well as cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, or anus. It is usually spread through skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.
4. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV): HBV can cause liver disease and liver cancer. It is usually spread through sex, sharing needles, or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth.
5. Hepatitis C Virus (HCV): HCV can cause liver disease and liver cancer. It is usually spread through sex, sharing needles, or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth.
Preventing the spread of viral STDs includes:
1. Practicing safe sex, such as using condoms and dental dams.
2. Getting vaccinated against HPV and Hepatitis B.
3. Avoiding sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia.
4. Being in a mutually monogamous relationship with someone who has been tested and is negative for STDs.
5. Regularly getting tested for STDs, especially if you have a new sexual partner or engage in risky behavior.
6. Using condoms and other barrier methods consistently and correctly during all sexual activities.
7. Avoiding sexual contact with someone who has symptoms of an STD.
8. Being aware of your own sexual health status and the status of your partners, and being open and honest about your sexual history and any STDs you may have.
9. Seeking medical attention immediately if you suspect you or a partner has an STD.
10. Following safe sex practices and taking precautions to prevent the spread of STDs can help reduce the risk of developing these infections.
It's important to note that not all STDs have symptoms, so it's possible to have an STD and not know it. Regular testing is important for early detection and treatment, which can help prevent long-term health problems and the spread of infection.
Types of Substance-Related Disorders:
1. Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD): A chronic disease characterized by the excessive consumption of alcohol, leading to impaired control over drinking, social or personal problems, and increased risk of health issues.
2. Opioid Use Disorder (OUD): A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of opioids, such as prescription painkillers or heroin, leading to withdrawal symptoms when the substance is not available.
3. Stimulant Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of stimulants, such as cocaine or amphetamines, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
4. Cannabis Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of cannabis, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
5. Hallucinogen Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of hallucinogens, such as LSD or psilocybin mushrooms, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
Causes and Risk Factors:
1. Genetics: Individuals with a family history of substance-related disorders are more likely to develop these conditions.
2. Mental health: Individuals with mental health conditions, such as depression or anxiety, may be more likely to use substances as a form of self-medication.
3. Environmental factors: Exposure to substances at an early age, peer pressure, and social environment can increase the risk of developing a substance-related disorder.
4. Brain chemistry: Substance use can alter brain chemistry, leading to dependence and addiction.
1. Increased tolerance: The need to use more of the substance to achieve the desired effect.
2. Withdrawal: Experiencing symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, or nausea when the substance is not present.
3. Loss of control: Using more substance than intended or for longer than intended.
4. Neglecting responsibilities: Neglecting responsibilities at home, work, or school due to substance use.
5. Continued use despite negative consequences: Continuing to use the substance despite physical, emotional, or financial consequences.
1. Physical examination: A doctor may perform a physical examination to look for signs of substance use, such as track marks or changes in heart rate and blood pressure.
2. Laboratory tests: Blood or urine tests can confirm the presence of substances in the body.
3. Psychological evaluation: A mental health professional may conduct a psychological evaluation to assess symptoms of substance-related disorders and determine the presence of co-occurring conditions.
1. Detoxification: A medically-supervised detox program can help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.
2. Medications: Medications such as methadone or buprenorphine may be prescribed to manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings.
3. Behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and contingency management are effective behavioral therapies for treating substance use disorders.
4. Support groups: Joining a support group such as Narcotics Anonymous can provide a sense of community and support for individuals in recovery.
5. Lifestyle changes: Making healthy lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and getting enough sleep can help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings.
It's important to note that diagnosis and treatment of substance-related disorders is a complex process and should be individualized based on the specific needs and circumstances of each patient.
History of condoms
Hot Rod Condoms
Condoms, needles, and negotiation
One Male Condom
Proper Condom Use
Arrondissement of Condom
Virgin in a Condom
Non-consensual condom removal
Condom-associated erection problem
How to Use a Male (External) Condom | CDC
Female condoms: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Letters : Creative condoms | New Scientist
AIDS Ephemera - If You Fool Around, Use Condoms poster
Condoms (for Teens) - Nemours KidsHealth
Condoms news & latest pictures from Newsweek.com
Condoms to be placed in Chinese hotels
they fit. sized to fit condoms
Hey, Have You Heard Of Condoms? | LAist
Pronto Condoms (thing) by doopokko - Everything2.com
Used condoms clog Village toilets | Deccan Herald
Location-based app helps you find free condoms in NYC
Chicago (and its skyscrapers) wear condoms, thanks to new campaign
Thrash Metal Contraceptives : Slayer Custom Condoms
Mens Health Services in Santa Ana, CA - Condoms, UTI Exam & More
What You Want Your Condoms to Taste Like - AskMen
CVS Free the Condoms Rally Tomorrow - Washington City Paper
Teen Focus Groups Helped Design These Hilariously-Named Condoms
9 People Doing The Condom Challenge
How Risky Are Blowjobs Without Condoms? - BUST
The Pronto Condom
Browsing by Subject "Condoms, Female"
NYPD limits use of condoms seized from sex workers as evidence - Los Angeles Times
Study: Condom Use Protects Women from Cancer-Causing Virus
Twitterati go berserk as Manforce brings 'achaari' condoms
Durex Extra Safe Condoms 30 - Boots
ISO 4074-1:1990 - Rubber condoms - Part 1: Requirements - Condoms in consumer packages
Video Editor: figeac condom 2015-2
The Pope's Condom Evolution - UN Dispatch
Hold the condom at the base2
- DO use latex or polyurethane condoms. (cdc.gov)
- Female condoms are made from materials safe for people with latex allergies. (kidshealth.org)
- Latex, polyurethane, and polyisoprene condoms can help prevent many STDs if they are used correctly. (kidshealth.org)
- White believes it's best to take two things into consideration when thinking about flavored condoms: "Are you using the condom to mask the smell of latex or because you want to improve the taste during oral sex? (askmen.com)
- If it's the former, she suggests "superior latex and non-latex condom to try that will take care of this issue," adding that "lower quality latex condoms are the ones that smell the worst. (askmen.com)
- And higher quality latex condoms which are often double or triple washed have negligible latex odor. (askmen.com)
- Worth mentioning: According to Texas-based sex educator and HIV activist Goody Howard , many people who think they're allergic to latex actually have a sensitivity to the lubricant that coats prelubricated condoms. (healthline.com)
- these condoms are made from premium quality, natural rubber latex. (undercovercondoms.com)
- Latex condoms offer an impermeable barrier, preventing the bodily fluids that contain active HIV from entering a partner during sex and infecting that person. (nih.gov)
- In 2000, NIAID conducted a rigorous review of scientific evidence on latex condoms to determine their efficacy in preventing the spread of HIV. (nih.gov)
- The review included epidemiologic and laboratory studies, both of which conclusively demonstrated that the correct and consistent use of male latex condoms decreased the risk of HIV transmission by approximately 85 percent, providing a high degree of protection against infection. (nih.gov)
- Condoms are typically made of latex rubber and covered in a lubricant or spermicide - things that are dangerous if inhaled or swallowed. (ktnv.com)
- While Durex made news last year by announcing eggplant condom, Manforce just went a step further for its desi clientele as it seems to have launched an 'achari masti' flavoured condom. (asianage.com)
- Durex doesn't just meet worldwide condom quality standards, it exceeds them, giving you the confidence to love the sex you have. (boots.com)
- Air Condoms are the thinnest condom manufactured by Durex. (undercovercondoms.com)
- Durex Air Condoms have a smooth, straight-walled, shape with a reservoir tip. (undercovercondoms.com)
- So the thing with Durex is they are the more intellectual condom brand answer to Trojan, which apish frat boys apparently use and so they got a lot of brainier folk (including your hero, me) to discuss doing it on a higher plane of tantra or something level (foreplay, blowjobs, etc) made a documentary out of it and voila, enjoy. (raymitheminx.com)
- However, it is not thought to work as well as male condoms in protecting against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (medlineplus.gov)
- Allows a woman to protect herself from pregnancy and STIs without relying on the male condom. (medlineplus.gov)
- There are also animal skin external condoms, like Trojan NaturaLamb luxury condoms , which protect against pregnancy but not STIs. (healthline.com)
- Australian Tinder users have been caught out 'swiping right' to a series of personified STIs as part of a campaign by condom brand Hero. (thedrum.com)
- Condoms can provide protection against most STIs but are often used incorrectly and inconsistently. (cdc.gov)
Prevalence of condom3
- The purpose of this report was to examine recent trends in condom use during vaginal (sexual) intercourse and measure the prevalence of condom use, alone or in combination with another contraceptive method. (cdc.gov)
- The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of condom use and the psychological and behavioural determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS in Egypt. (who.int)
- The prevalence of condom use was 45.0% in regular sexual relations and only 18.1% in casual relations. (who.int)
- The female condom can be inserted up to 8 hours before intercourse. (kidshealth.org)
- The male and female condoms should not be used at the same time because friction can break them, make them stick together, or make one or the other slip out of place during intercourse. (kidshealth.org)
- You do not use a condom each time you have intercourse. (medlineplus.gov)
- However, female condoms may be placed up to 8 hours before intercourse. (medlineplus.gov)
- If a condom tears or breaks, the outer ring is pushed up inside the vagina, or the condom bunches up inside the vagina during intercourse, remove it and insert another condom right away. (medlineplus.gov)
- Both the female and the male condom function the same: It is a sheath that should be worn during sexual intercourse in order to prevent unintended pregnancy and to lessen the risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). (dummies.com)
- Like a diaphragm, you can insert the female condom ahead of time or right before intercourse. (dummies.com)
- Starting in 2013, questions on problems with condom use were asked of women aged 15-44 who used a condom during intercourse in the past 4 weeks. (cdc.gov)
- Last month, NSFG released a report on contraceptive use among female and male teens aged 15-19 that included information on condom use at first and most recent intercourse ( https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr104.pdf) . (cdc.gov)
- In 2011-2015, 23.8% of women and 33.7% of men aged 15-44 used a condom at last sexual intercourse in the past 12 months. (cdc.gov)
- Almost 7% of women aged 15-44 who used a condom in the past four weeks said the condom broke or completely fell off during intercourse or withdrawal and 25.8% said the condom was used for only part of the time during intercourse. (cdc.gov)
- How has the percentage of condom use in the U.S. during sexual intercourse changed since 2002? (cdc.gov)
- The percentages of women aged 15-44 who used condoms at last sexual intercourse in the past 12 months were similar from 2002 to 2011-2015, but for men aged 15-44, the percentages increased from 29.5% in 2002 to 33.7% in 2011-2015. (cdc.gov)
- Percentages of female and male condom users aged 15-44 who used condoms only at last intercourse in the past 12 months decreased from 67.9% of women and 63.0% of men in 2002 to 59.9% and 56.4% in 2011-2015. (cdc.gov)
- Alongside this decline, percentages of female condom users aged 15-44 who used condoms plus non-hormonal methods at last intercourse increased from 11.9% in 2006-2010 to 15.1% in 2011-2015. (cdc.gov)
- This report showed that the majority of women and men aged 15-44 in each NSFG survey period did not use a condom at all during last sexual intercourse. (cdc.gov)
- Although this report could not address each of these factors directly, these findings indicate there are differences in condom use by age, education, Hispanic origin and race, relationship at last sexual intercourse and number of sexual partners in the past 12 months. (cdc.gov)
- About one-quarter of women aged 15-44 who used a condom during intercourse in the past 4 weeks reported that the condom was used for only part of the time during intercourse (25.8%), suggesting that condoms are often used inconsistently. (cdc.gov)
- Fifteen-year-olds only were asked whether they or their partner had used a condom the last time they had had intercourse. (who.int)
- Findings presented here show the proportions who reported having had sexual intercourse and who responded positively to the questions on condom use. (who.int)
- Major items in this section include age of first sexual intercourse, number of sexual partners, use of condoms, circumcision status (for men), history of sexually transmitted diseases. (cdc.gov)
- Condoms made of lambskin do not work well to prevent STDs, especially HIV/AIDs. (kidshealth.org)
- The Kenyan government will only be able to provide 150 million condoms, short of the expected demand of 262 million, says AIDS Healthcare Foundation Kenya. (newsweek.com)
- Hotel in Shenzhen may soon start making condoms available to control the spread of HIV/AIDS in the city. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- Condoms will be placed in hotel rooms throughout Shenzhen and guests will pay to use them, according to the chief of the AIDS control section of Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, who identified himself only as Feng. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- The condom program is a spin-off from a campaign to make Shenzhen an exemplary city in controlling AIDS. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- Condoms no longer will be seized from sex workers for use as evidence in prostitution cases, police announced Monday in a move that officials say should help prevent the spread of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases among people at high risk of infection. (latimes.com)
- Critics of condom seizures say the practice is particularly absurd in cities, such as New York, with huge condom distribution programs aimed at preventing AIDS. (latimes.com)
- The female condom also offers women the freedom of self-reliance when it comes to protecting themselves against AIDS and its kin. (dummies.com)
- ABSTRACT Condoms are an integral part of HIV/AIDS prevention, yet their use is affected by several factors. (who.int)
- The study shows that special efforts need to be made to change the attitudes of people living with HIV/AIDS towards condom use. (who.int)
- ABSTRACT An HIV/AIDS situation analysis in Yemen was conducted in 2002 to assess knowledge and attitudes towards the male condom as a means of HIV prevention. (who.int)
- Before you pick up a hot number, pick up a condom: AIDS. (nih.gov)
- In 1985, researchers at the University of California at San Francisco confirmed what many AIDS service providers and people with AIDS already assumed: condoms, when used consistently and correctly, could prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. (nih.gov)
- The article discusses the use of the female condom by 713 clients of seven service centers specialized in STDs/AIDS in Greater São Paulo, which were part of a longitudinal study about the continuity of its use. (bvsalud.org)
- The female condom is made of a thin, strong plastic called polyurethane. (medlineplus.gov)
- Luckily for those folks, there are nonlatex external condoms made out of materials such as polyisoprene, polyurethane, or polyethylene. (healthline.com)
- And remember: Internal condoms are made of polyurethane. (healthline.com)
- Condoms are thin pouches that keep sperm from getting into the vagina. (kidshealth.org)
- A female condom is inserted into the vagina . (kidshealth.org)
- Condoms work by keeping semen (the fluid that contains sperm) from entering the vagina. (kidshealth.org)
- This prevents the condom from slipping off when he gets soft, which could let sperm enter the vagina. (kidshealth.org)
- The female condom is inserted into the vagina using the closed-end ring. (kidshealth.org)
- The condom then lines the walls of the vagina, creating a barrier between the sperm and the cervix. (kidshealth.org)
- These condoms fit inside the vagina . (medlineplus.gov)
- The condom is not put in place before the penis touches the vagina. (medlineplus.gov)
- The female condom is a loose-fitting pouch with a closed end that you insert deep inside your vagina. (dummies.com)
- If a condom breaks or slips, semen can get through, making the condom less likely to prevent pregnancy or STDs . (kidshealth.org)
- A new condom should be used each time a couple has sex and it must be used from start to finish to protect against pregnancy and STDs. (kidshealth.org)
- Do Condoms Help Protect Against STDs? (kidshealth.org)
- Couples having sex must always use condoms to protect against STDs even when using another method of birth control. (kidshealth.org)
- Everyone should consider using a condom to help protect against STDs. (kidshealth.org)
- Like the male condom, the female condom provides reliable protection against most STDs. (dummies.com)
- Condoms can protect against STDs and sexually transmitted HIV. (cdc.gov)
- Condom use is recommended today by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a key method of preventing HIV during vaginal and anal sex. (nih.gov)
- New York City health officials give out about 40 million condoms each year. (latimes.com)
Reduce the risk of pregnancy2
- The major constraint to condom promotion was concern that it would undermine the sexual norms of the country. (who.int)
- A large condom vending machine has been installed at the Village, which contains at least 4,000 contraceptive packs. (deccanherald.com)
- If you use condoms regularly as your contraceptive, ask your provider or pharmacist about having Plan B on hand to use in case of a condom accident. (medlineplus.gov)
- Periodically, the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) publishes reports on current contraceptive use, which includes condoms, to measure how contraceptive use among women has changed over time. (cdc.gov)
- Tomorrow, Cure CVS Now and a coalition of public health advocates will gather outside the Dupont Circle CVS store in an attempt to pressure the pharmacy chain to rethink its locked condom policies . (washingtoncitypaper.com)
- Health services should broaden their scope in relation to the female condom, as well as rethink their engagement with the seronegative women and men. (bvsalud.org)
- The determinants of condom use were: type of partner, serostatus of partner, antiretroviral intake, beliefs and attitudes towards condom use and to HIV infection. (who.int)
- Place condom on the head of the erect, hard penis. (cdc.gov)
- Unroll condom all the way down the penis. (cdc.gov)
- A male condom is worn on the penis . (kidshealth.org)
- The male condom is placed on the penis when it becomes erect. (kidshealth.org)
- It is unrolled all the way to the base of the penis while holding the tip of the condom to leave some extra room at the end. (kidshealth.org)
- Condoms do not protect against infections spread from sores on the skin not covered by a condom (such as the base of the penis or scrotum). (kidshealth.org)
- She also thinks it has a lot to do with flavored condoms being a one-size-fits-all kind of purchase, which isn't exactly ideal for guys with a penis that's either above or below the average size. (askmen.com)
- Consistent and correct condom use was one of the earliest recommendations for preventing HIV infection at the start of the pandemic outbreak in the early 1980s. (nih.gov)
- How Well Do Condoms Work to Prevent Pregnancy? (kidshealth.org)
- 15 out of 100 typical couples who use male condoms will have an accidental pregnancy. (kidshealth.org)
- The female condom protects against pregnancy. (medlineplus.gov)
- That's why folks who use alternative forms of birth control and wish to avoid pregnancy may choose to use condoms, too. (healthline.com)
- It is important to note that there are many factors associated with condom nonuse, such as being in a monogamous relationship, using hormonal or other methods to prevent pregnancy or trying to get pregnant. (cdc.gov)
- There are manufacturing defects in the condom (rare). (medlineplus.gov)
- Like a male condom, it creates a barrier to prevent the sperm from getting to the egg. (medlineplus.gov)
- They are fairly inexpensive (though more expensive than male condoms). (medlineplus.gov)
- DO NOT use a female condom and a male condom at the same time. (medlineplus.gov)
- A new medical study shows that women are less likely to contract a virus that can cause cervical cancer if their male sexual partners use condoms. (voanews.com)
- By the way, for those of you who may want to double your level of protection by using both a male and female condom at the same time, this is not recommended. (dummies.com)
- Have Q's about the effectiveness of internal condoms? (healthline.com)
- It's targeting especially lower-income women and transgender women," Caterine said, adding that police have been known to search and confiscate condoms from women who are not sex workers but who are "profiled" as sex workers because of where they are walking or how they look. (latimes.com)
- DO use a condom every time you have sex. (cdc.gov)
- DON'T use more than one condom at a time. (cdc.gov)
- For condoms to have their best chance of working, they must be used every time a couple has sex. (kidshealth.org)
- Those whose partners always used condoms were 70-percent less likely to become infected with human papilloma virus, or HPV, than women whose partners used condoms less than five percent of the time. (voanews.com)
- Apart from dotted and even glow in the dark, flavoured condoms have been around for quite some time. (asianage.com)
- Use a new condom every single time . (healthline.com)
- Use a new condom each time . (healthline.com)
- Take the time to find your perfect condom. (condomerie.com)
- But if you take the time to consider the right size, and features like shape and material you'll enjoy wearing a condom a whole lot more. (condomerie.com)
- The last time you had sex, did you or your partner use a condom? (cdc.gov)
- The analysis of time of use of the female condom conducted using the Kaplan Meier Method showed a statistically significant association with HIV serostatus ( p =.02). (bvsalud.org)
- DON'T reuse a condom. (cdc.gov)
- Participants reported widespread interruption to their condom supply when beerhalls were shut down as part of a nationwide lockdown. (bvsalud.org)
- The decision of the sexual partner was a deciding factor for the interruption and for the maintenance of female condom use, indicating that the dyadic dynamic and intersubjectivity in the context of gendered relations, and not merely the knowledge of the method by the woman, should be the focus of promoting the female condom. (bvsalud.org)
- According to the "Daily Telegraph", the condoms were discovered when plumbers were called in to clear the toilets after athletes complained about the blockages. (deccanherald.com)
- Condoms, being supplied free at the Games Village, are not biodegradable waste because of which they can choke toilets. (deccanherald.com)
- For some individuals who meet certain risk criteria, condoms are recommended for use in conjunction with other HIV prevention tools, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). (nih.gov)
- Condoms are hard to get by': access to HIV prevention methods during lockdown of the COVID-19 epidemic in eastern Zimbabwe. (bvsalud.org)
- It is no surprise that the majority of men (and women) would not want to use flavored condoms. (askmen.com)
- Each facility will have a small kiosk to sell low-cost sanitary pads for women along with provision of an incinerator, and condoms for men," the policy said. (asianage.com)
- Because too many men have been giving women flak for forcing them to wear condoms, a female condom has been developed that allows women to protect themselves against sexually transmitted diseases. (dummies.com)
- Data on condom use has been collected for women since 1973 and for men, since 2002. (cdc.gov)
- and 15.1% of women and 10.5% of men used condoms plus non-hormonal methods. (cdc.gov)
- After 12 months of observation, 23 (3.37%) women reported continuous use of the female condom. (bvsalud.org)
- Many women began to use the female condom and interrupted its use were seropositive and partners of seropositive partners and intended to begin using it again. (bvsalud.org)
- Some couples have also complained that the condom reduces their feeling and that it's noisy. (dummies.com)
- RÉSUMÉ Une analyse de la situation relative au VIH/SIDA a été réalisée au Yémen en 2002 pour évaluer les connaissances et attitudes concernant le préservatif masculin en tant que moyen de prévention du VIH. (who.int)
- Flavored condoms tend to not be available in standard sizes only," she explains. (askmen.com)
- As flavored condoms are typically not available in smaller or larger sizes, only 50 percent of men are going to properly fit in flavored condoms, which means that 50 percent of men will find them slipping and sliding or cutting off their circulation. (askmen.com)
- The female condom is about 75% to 82% effective with normal use. (medlineplus.gov)
- You can buy female condoms at most drugstores, STI clinics, and family planning clinics. (medlineplus.gov)
- Do not flush a female condom down the toilet. (medlineplus.gov)
- If you are a woman who is at risk and cannot rely on your partner to use a condom, you should consider the female condom. (dummies.com)
- Although condoms for men can cost as little as 50 cents, the female condom costs about $2.50. (dummies.com)
- Among those who were retained in the study, the mean use of the female condom was 4.6 months and the median was 3.4 months. (bvsalud.org)
- Contact your health care provider or pharmacy for information about emergency contraception (Plan B) if the condom tears or the contents spill when removing it. (medlineplus.gov)
- This assessment includes a four-item scale to assess participants' readiness to use condoms consistently. (nih.gov)
- If there's semen inside the condom, twist the outer ring before removal. (healthline.com)
- These extra thin condoms are the perfect option for you and your partner to enjoy maximum sensitivity safely. (undercovercondoms.com)
- The health bureau was working with other municipal departments to draw up a policy for condoms in hotels, Feng said. (chinadaily.com.cn)
- Though the District of Columbia has been somewhat of a success story for public health groups like Cure CVS Now and Save Lives, Free the Condoms, Bowers says that the condom-freeing work--in D.C. and elsewhere--isn't done until a national policy is in place. (washingtoncitypaper.com)
- Still, the change announced Monday marks a victory for groups that have battled more than a decade to prevent the seizure of condoms from sex workers, a practice that is common around the world and that has been the subject of studies by health and human rights groups. (latimes.com)
- These findings, with support from the Office of the Surgeon General of the United States pushed public health departments across the country to create social marketing campaigns to encourage condom use. (nih.gov)
- Alternatively, the Safer Sex Comix published by the Gay Men's Health Crisis in New York City used humorous, explicit imagery to reach gay audiences by suggesting that condom use could be pleasurable. (nih.gov)
- If you're perusing around the aisles of your local convenience store for some condoms, what do you look for? (askmen.com)
- The special way we make our condoms mean they smell better. (boots.com)
- But changing police policy on condom seizures is challenging because sex workers tend to represent marginalized members of society, Caterine said. (latimes.com)
- One thing our researchers have found is that many stores only unlock the condoms for a while, and then lock them back up again," she says. (washingtoncitypaper.com)
- Carefully open and remove condom from wrapper. (cdc.gov)
- Many offer carefully sourced ingredients and sweeteners, and they are definitely better received than flavored condoms. (askmen.com)
- Please read the instructions printed on the inside of this pack carefully , especially if you are using condoms for anal or oral sex. (boots.com)
- Though big cities such as Mumbai are dotted with advertisements for condoms, sex is still a taboo subject for many Indians and even kissing scenes are sometimes cut from popular films. (theguardian.com)
- Most people have no problems using condoms. (kidshealth.org)
- But do people actually like flavored condoms? (askmen.com)
- AskMen polled over 1,600 people from February 1 to February 28 for its Magnum-Sized Condom Survey, discovering some very interesting things in relation to men and the flavors their rubbers come in. (askmen.com)
- That would really send a very clear message that people are safe to carry condoms," she said. (latimes.com)
- Condoms and sanitary pads will now be sold at toilet facilities both inside and outside railway stations for not only the passengers but also the people living in its vicinity, a new toilet policy recently approved by the Railway Board said. (asianage.com)
- The challenge involves people snorting a clean or unused condom up one of their nostrils and pulling it out of their mouths. (ktnv.com)
- Find the inner ring of the condom, and hold it between your thumb and middle finger. (medlineplus.gov)
- Choosing the right condom is like choosing a pair of jeans: you can just pick any brand and you will probably be fine. (condomerie.com)