**Science**: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.

**Faculty**: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.

**Faculty, Nursing**: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a nursing school.

**Faculty, Medical**: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.

**Tissue Engineering**: Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.

**Protein Engineering**: Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.

**Universities**: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.

**Game Theory**: Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.

**Politics**: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.

**College Admission Test**: Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.

**Conflict (Psychology)**: The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)

**Schools, Health Occupations**: Schools which offer training in the area of health.

**Research**: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)

**Quantum Theory**: The theory that the radiation and absorption of energy take place in definite quantities called quanta (E) which vary in size and are defined by the equation E=hv in which h is Planck's constant and v is the frequency of the radiation.

**Test Taking Skills**: Skills and strategies, unrelated to the traits a test is intended to measure, that may increase test takers' scores -- may include the effects of coaching or experience in taking tests. (ERIC Thesaurus)

**Leadership**: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.

**Research Support as Topic**: Financial support of research activities.

**Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.**

**Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.**

**World Health Organization**: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.

**International Council of Nurses**: An international professional organization composed of one association per country for the purpose of improving and developing nursing's contribution to the promotion of health and care of the sick.

**History, 20th Century**: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.

**Immunologic Techniques**: Techniques used to demonstrate or measure an immune response, and to identify or measure antigens using antibodies.

**Euthanasia, Passive**: Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.

**Developing Countries**: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.

**Astronomy**: The science concerned with celestial bodies and the observation and interpretation of the radiation received in the vicinity of the earth from the component parts of the universe (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)

**Astronomical Phenomena**: Aggregates of matter in outer space, such as stars, planets, comets, etc. and the properties and processes they undergo.

**Dissertations, Academic as Topic**: Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.

**Education, Medical, Undergraduate**: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.

**Students**: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.

**Physiology**: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.

**Physics**: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

**Galaxies**: Large aggregates of CELESTIAL STARS; COSMIC DUST; and gas. (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

**Quantum Dots**: Nanometer sized fragments of semiconductor crystalline material which emit PHOTONS. The wavelength is based on the quantum confinement size of the dot. They can be embedded in MICROBEADS for high throughput ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES.

**Particle Accelerators**: Devices which accelerate electrically charged atomic or subatomic particles, such as electrons, protons or ions, to high velocities so they have high kinetic energy.

**Nuclear Physics**: The study of the characteristics, behavior, and internal structures of the atomic nucleus and its interactions with other nuclei. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

**DNA, Catalytic**: Molecules of DNA that possess enzymatic activity.

**Logic**: The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference and deals with the canons and criteria of validity in thought and demonstration. This system of reasoning is applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)

**Computers, Molecular**: Computers whose input, output and state transitions are carried out by biochemical interactions and reactions.

**Encyclopedias as Topic**: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

**Fungal Polysaccharides**: Cell wall components constituting a polysaccharide core found in fungi. They may act as antigens or structural substrates.

**Synthetic Biology**: A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.

**Silicon**: A trace element that constitutes about 27.6% of the earth's crust in the form of SILICON DIOXIDE. It does not occur free in nature. Silicon has the atomic symbol Si, atomic number 14, and atomic weight [28.084; 28.086].

**Psychology, Experimental**: The branch of psychology which seeks to learn more about the fundamental causes of behavior by studying various psychologic phenomena in controlled experimental situations.

**Hospitals, University**: Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.

**Massachusetts**

**Education, Dental**: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.

**Books**

**California**

**Molecular Biology**: A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.

**DNA**: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).

**Base Sequence**: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.

**Molecular Sequence Data**: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.

**Nucleic Acid Conformation**: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.

In 2012 he became a fellow of the American

**Mathematical**Society. Keller's second wife, Alice S. Whittemore, started her career ... Herbert Keller was a professor at**Caltech**. Both brothers contributed to the fields of electromagnetics and fluid dynamics. ... He contributed to the Einstein-Brillouin-Keller method for**computing**eigenvalues in quantum mechanical systems. Keller was ... List of Fellows of the American**Mathematical**Society, retrieved 2013-01-27. "Stanford Professor Emeritus Joseph Keller, an ...Keller's conjecture "The

**Mathematical**Association of America's William Lowell Putnam Competition".**Mathematical**Association of ... Quantum**Computing**Expert Peter Shor Receives Carnegie Mellon's 1998 Dickson Prize in Science. Peter Williston Shor at the ...**Caltech**Alumni Association. Retrieved April 22, 2010. Shor, Peter Williston, "Random Planar Matching and Bin Packing", Ph.D. ... USA**Mathematical**Olympiads 1972-1986 Problems and Solutions (Anneli Lax New**Mathematical**Library), ISBN 0-88385-634-4 ISBN 978- ...Advances in the numeral system and

**mathematical**notation eventually led to the discovery of**mathematical**operations such as ... It was even used a prototype for**Caltech**researchers who used the model for projects like real time processing of satellite ... The history of**computing**is longer than the history of**computing**hardware and modern**computing**technology and includes the ... The timeline of**computing**presents a summary list of major developments in**computing**by date. Digital**computing**is intimately ...Christopher Umans is Professor of computer science in the

**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences Department at the California ... Following his PhD, he was a postdoctoral researcher at Microsoft Research until joining**Caltech**in 2002. Umans' research ...14,

**Mathematical**Association of America Vazirani, Vijay V. (1988), "NC algorithms for**computing**the number of perfect matchings ... A finite-difference sieve to**compute**the permanent,**Caltech**-CS-TR-96-04, California Institute of Technology Glynn, David G. ( ... In computational complexity theory, a theorem of Valiant states that**computing**permanents is #P-hard, and even #P-complete for ... Another class of matrices for which the permanent can be**computed**approximately, is the set of positive-semidefinite matrices ( ...A

**Caltech**group is working on the manufacturing of these nucleic-acid-based integrated circuits. One of these chips can**compute**... and progresses to the advanced**mathematical**theory of DNA**computing**. JB. Waldner (January 2007). Nanocomputers and Swarm ... DNA**computing**is a form of parallel**computing**in that it takes advantage of the many different molecules of DNA to try many ... DNA**computing**is a branch of**computing**which uses DNA, biochemistry, and molecular biology hardware, instead of the traditional ...... is an Assistant Professor in the

**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences Department at the California ... He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Berkeley for one year before joining**Caltech**as an Assistant ... He is known for work on**mathematical**optimization and its application to the information sciences. Chandrasekaran studied at ... Chandrasekaran's research focuses on**mathematical**optimization and, specifically, developing an understanding of the power and ...He held the Bateman Fellowship at

**Caltech**. He joined the faculty at University of California at Berkeley, then became professor ... scientific**computing**. He received his bachelors (1946), masters (1947) and PhD (1949) at the University of Chicago on the ... American**Mathematical**Monthly, 1969-1973. Flanders also wrote calculus software MicroCalc, ver 1-7 (1975-). He died July 26, ...In 2014, he received the

**Caltech**Distinguished Alumni Award, which is the highest honor the Institute bestows upon its alumni. ... Steinhardt co-authored the first paper to**compute**the complete imprint of gravitational waves on the spectrum of temperature ... Working with David Nelson and Marco Ronchetti, Steinhardt formulated**mathematical**expressions, known as "orientational order ... The paper showed that quasiperiodic structures could violate the rigorous**mathematical**symmetry restrictions for conventional ...Leonard J. Y. Schulman (born September 14, 1963) is Professor of Computer Science in the

**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences ... The Center for the Mathematics of Information at**Caltech**Institute for Quantum Information and Mater at**Caltech****Computing**... He was named the editor-in-chief of the SIAM Journal on**Computing**in 2013. Schulman was also recognized for the ACM Notable ... He was a faculty member in the College of**Computing**at the Georgia Institute of Technology from 1995-2000 before joining the ...... is a Professor of the

**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences Department and the Electrical Engineering Department at ... and joined**Caltech**in 2000. Low pioneered a**mathematical**theory of large-scale networks under end-to-end congestion control ... Upon returning to**Caltech**after Fastsoft, his research began to focus on the control and optimization of distributed energy ... He and his research team designed a new congestion control algorithm called FAST TCP based on this**mathematical**theory, built a ...Greitzer, S (March 1973). "The First U.S.A

**Mathematical**Olympiad". American**Mathematical**Monthly.**Mathematical**Association of ... In 1974, Rubin was the subject of an article in the Madison Capital Times, in which his**Caltech**undergraduate advisor is quoted ... on Combinatorics, Graph Theory and**Computing**(Humboldt State Univ., Arcata, Calif., 1979) (PDF). Congressus Numerantium. XXVI. ...**Mathematical**Association of America. pp. 141-142. ISBN 0-88385-463-5. OCLC 55235548. "The**Mathematical**Association of America's ...Research Group on Mathematics and Quantum Information Madrid Institute for Quantum Information and Matter

**Caltech**Quantum ... Quantum clock Quantum**computing**Quantum cognition Quantum gravity Quantum information science Quantum statistical mechanics ...**Mathematical**Foundation" Wilde, Mark M. (2017), Quantum Information Theory, Cambridge University Press, arXiv:1106.1445 , ...**Caltech**[2] Charles H. Bennett, Peter W. Shor, "Quantum Information Theory"[3][4] Vlatko Vedral, "Introduction to Quantum ...The NPL Maths Division offered a practical

**computing**service and was also a centre of research into electronic**computing**and ...**Caltech**Reference in article about John Todd. D. H. Sadler and F. M. Sadler, Obituary, Quarterly Journal of the Royal ... These greatly reduced the labour in producing the**mathematical**tables needed in astronomy and other fields, including gunnery. ... "**Computing**in Britain During World War II". IEE, 6 July 2002. Retrieved 26 April 2006. Australian Academy of Science Reference ...He first described his results at a Conference at

**Caltech**in 1960, and in a report, February 1960, "A Preliminary Report on a ... More formally, the Algorithmic Complexity (AC) of a string x is defined as the length of the shortest program that**computes**or ... Because most**mathematical**objects can be described in terms of strings, or as the limit of a sequence of strings, it can be ... He first described his results at a Conference at**Caltech**in 1960, and in a report, February 1960, "A Preliminary Report on a ...Creutz's research spans a wide variety of topics in particle physics and

**mathematical**physics, but he is best known for his ... Creutz graduated with honor with a bachelor's degree in physics from**Caltech**in 1966. He did his graduate work at Stanford ... "for first demonstrating that properties of QCD could be**computed**numerically on the lattice through Monte Carlo methods, and ...In computer science and

**mathematical**optimization, a metaheuristic is a higher-level procedure or heuristic designed to find, ...**Caltech**Concurrent Computation Program (report 826). Tomoiagă B, Chindriş M, Sumper A, Sudria-Andreu A, Villafafila-Robles R. ... ACM**Computing**Surveys: 268-308. Goldberg, D.E. (1989). Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning. Kluwer ... Natural**Computing**: an international journal. 8 (2): 239-287. doi:10.1007/s11047-008-9098-4. Blum, C.; Roli, A. (2003). " ...The main building for the

**Computing**Division at Fermilab is named the "Feynman**Computing**Center" in his honor. A photograph of ... She later followed him to**Caltech**, where he gave a lecture. While he was in Brazil, she had taught classes on the history of ... These were clear**mathematical**flaws in the theory, which Feynman and Wheeler had unsuccessfully attempted to work around. " ... At**Caltech**, Feynman investigated the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, where helium seems to display a ...One anecdote describes Thomas Hunt Morgan banning the Friden calculator from his department at

**Caltech**, saying "Well, I am like ... On the other hand, the advent of modern computer technology and relatively cheap**computing**resources have enabled computer- ... These and other biostatisticians,**mathematical**biologists, and statistically inclined geneticists helped bring together ... Wright developed F-statistics and methods of**computing**them J. B. S. Haldane's book, The Causes of Evolution, reestablished ...Hartmanis is a Fellow of the Association for

**Computing**Machinery and of the American**Mathematical**Society and a member of the ... in Mathematics from**Caltech**under the supervision of Robert P. Dilworth in 1955. The University of Missouri-Kansas City honored ... Berman, L.; Hartmanis, J. (1977), "On isomorphisms and density of NP and other complete sets", SIAM Journal on**Computing**, 6 (2 ... List of Fellows of the American**Mathematical**Society, retrieved 2013-01-19. National Academy of Sciences Members and Foreign ...Oscar P. Bruno is Professor of Applied & Computational Mathematics in the

**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences Department at the ... Bruno at the**Caltech**Directory Sloan Foundation, Past Fellows SIAM Fellows: Class of 2013 Oscar P. Bruno professional home page ...... is Professor of Computer Science in the Department of

**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences at the California ... Retrieved August 11, 2014] Adam Wierman at the**Caltech**Directory "Adam Wierman Wins 2011 SIGMETRICS Rising Star Researcher ... He is known for his work on scheduling (**computing**), heavy tails, green**computing**, queueing theory, and algorithmic game theory ... and on applying these techniques to application domains such as energy-efficient**computing**, data centres, social networks, and ...In the early days of the Academy, the Department of Astronautics had the greatest need for

**mathematical****computing**power. So the ... Born in 1923 in Denver, Bate began college at**Caltech**as a chemistry major studying under Linus Pauling in 1941. In 1943, in ... Bate was an SEI fellow, TI fellow, a fellow of the Association for**Computing**Machinery, and a fellow of the Society for Design ... Bate was a fellow of the Association for**Computing**Machinery (ACM), a fellow of the Society for Design and Process Science, and ...He has served on the editorial boards of many journals in mathematics and

**computing**, including SIAM Review, SIAM Journal of ... Before joining Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, he was the Assistant Director of the**Mathematical**and Physical ... He pursued postdoctoral research at**Caltech**as Research Fellow, and taught Computer Science at Yale University before joining ... "For numerical techniques applied to image processing and scientific**computing**, and for providing engineering leadership at the ...In 1993 he moved to

**Caltech**to join the Division of Biology. Andersen, an author of over 200 scientific publications, is a ... He found that the perception of the direction of heading, important for navigation, is**computed**in the brain using both visual ... which generated a**mathematical**basis for testing hypotheses based on laboratory findings. His research established that the ... Andersen has served as the director of**Caltech's**Sloan-Schwartz Center for Theoretical Neurobiology and MIT's McDonnell-Pew ...The scientific method is an empirical method of knowledge acquisition which has characterized the development of science since at least the 17th century. It involves careful observation, which includes rigorous skepticism about what is observed, given that cognitive assumptions about how the world works influence how one interprets a percept. It involves formulating hypotheses, via induction, based on such observations; experimental and measurement-based testing of deductions drawn from the hypotheses; and refinement (or elimination) of the hypotheses based on the experimental findings. These are principles of the scientific method, as opposed to a definitive series of steps applicable to all scientific enterprises.[1][2][3] Though there are diverse models for the scientific method available, in general there is a continuous process that includes observations about the natural world. People are naturally inquisitive, so they often come up with questions about things they see or hear, and they ...

Applied science focuses on the development of technology and techniques. In contrast, basic science develops scientific knowledge and predictions, principally in natural sciences but also in other empirical sciences, which are used as the scientific foundation for applied science. Basic science develops and establishes information to predict phenomena and perhaps to understand nature, whereas applied science uses portions of basic science to develop interventions via technology or technique to alter events or outcomes.[7][8] Applied and basic sciences can interface closely in research and development.[9][10] The interface between basic research and applied research has been studied by the National Science Foundation. It conducted a study in which it traced the relationship between basic scientific research efforts and the development of major innovations, such as oral contraceptives and videotape recorders. This study found that basic research played a key role in the development in all of the ...

Applied science focuses on the development of technology and techniques. In contrast, basic science develops scientific knowledge and predictions, principally in natural sciences but also in other empirical sciences, which are used as the scientific foundation for applied science. Basic science develops and establishes information to predict phenomena and perhaps to understand nature, whereas applied science uses portions of basic science to develop interventions via technology or technique to alter events or outcomes.[7][8] Applied and basic sciences can interface closely in research and development.[9][10] The interface between basic research and applied research has been studied by the National Science Foundation. It conducted a study in which it traced the relationship between basic scientific research efforts and the development of major innovations, such as oral contraceptives and videotape recorders. This study found that basic research played a key role in the development in all of the ...

Cornell, a research university, is ranked fourth in the world in producing the largest number of graduates who go on to pursue PhDs in engineering or the natural sciences at American institutions, and fifth in the world in producing graduates who pursue PhDs at American institutions in any field.[174] Research is a central element of the university's mission; in 2009 Cornell spent $671 million on science and engineering research and development, the 16th highest in the United States.[175] Cornell is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities - Very high research activity".[176]. For the 2016-17 fiscal year, the university spent $984.5 million on research.[177] Federal sources constitute the largest source of research funding, with total federal investment of $438.2 million.[178] The agencies contributing the largest share of that investment are the Department of Health and Human Services and the National Science Foundation, accounting for 49.6% and 24.4% of all federal investment, ...

... (RILS), established by Dhirubhai Ambani Foundation, is an institution of higher education in various fields of life sciences and related technologies. The Reliance Institute of Life Sciences (RILS) is an educational institution offering higher learning in various domains of life sciences and related technologies. Established by the Dhirubhai Ambani Foundation, it is said to be India's pioneer institute in offering graduate, post-graduate, doctoral, research and continuing education programs in several emerging areas of science and technology. The institute offers training in specific areas of fundamental and applied research, including basic and applied sciences, agriculture and environment sciences, process development and manufacturing sciences, clinical research and science and engineering courses in the computer, biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. The institute is headed by its Chairman, business magnate, Mukesh Ambani. Vice-chairman K. V. Subramaniam, ...

... is a recent field of research that investigates research practices with the ultimate goal of finding evidence-based improvements. It is also known as "research on research" or "the science of science" as it uses research methods to study how research is done and where improvements can be made. It covers all fields of scientific research (including health and medical research) and has been described as "taking a bird's eye view of science". It aims to improve scientific practice as summed up by John Ioannidis, "Science is the best thing that has happened to human beings [...] but we can do it better". Meta-research has grown as a reaction to the replication crisis and concerns about waste in research. The earliest meta-research paper was published in 1966 and examined the statistical methods of 295 papers in ten high-profile medical journals in 1964, and found that, "in almost 73% of the reports read [...] conclusions were drawn when the justification for these conclusions was ...

... is a biotechnology company founded in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, USA, that specializes in the development and commercialization of platform technologies that heal and protect the human body. Ablitech was co-founded in 2006 by Dr. Lisa Kemp, Dr. Nick Hammond and Dr. Kenneth Malone on technology licensed from The University of Southern Mississippi. The formation of Ablitech was a direct result of the National Science Foundation program IGERT - an "interdisciplinary training program, educating U.S. Ph.D. scientists and engineers by building on the foundations of their disciplinary knowledge with interdisciplinary training." In 2007, Ablitech received a SBIR Phase I for the development of a bio-transformable drug-eluting coronary stent. Then in 2008 they received another SBIR Phase I for the development of a cancer therapy. Ablitech received the Mississippi Seed Fund Research and Development investment in 2009 and in 2010. Managed by the Mississippi Technology Alliance, the Mississippi ...

Walter Goad of the Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and others established the Los Alamos Sequence Database in 1979, which culminated in 1982 with the creation of the public GenBank.[5] Funding was provided by the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, and the Department of Defense. LANL collaborated on GenBank with the firm Bolt, Beranek, and Newman, and by the end of 1983 more than 2,000 sequences were stored in it. In the mid 1980s, the Intelligenetics bioinformatics company at Stanford University managed the GenBank project in collaboration with LANL.[6] As one of the earliest bioinformatics community projects on the Internet, the GenBank project started BIOSCI/Bionet news groups for promoting open access communications among bioscientists. During 1989 to 1992, the GenBank project transitioned to the newly created National Center for Biotechnology Information.[7]. ...

The first packet-switched computer network was the NPL network, followed closely by the ARPANET. The latter used a backbone of routers called Interface Message Processors. Both the NPL and ARPANET networks were interconnected in 1973, while other packet-switched computer networks began to proliferate in the 1970s, eventually adopting TCP/IP protocols or being replaced by newer networks. The National Science Foundation created NSFNET in 1986 by funding six networking sites using 56kbit/s interconnecting links and peering to the ARPANET. In 1987, this new network was upgraded to 1.5Mbit/s T1 links for thirteen sites. These sites included regional networks that in turn connected over 170 other networks. IBM, MCI and Merit upgraded the backbone to 45Mbit/s bandwidth (T3) in 1991.[1] The combination of the ARPANET and NSFNET became known as the Internet. Within a few years, the dominance of the NSFNet backbone led to the decommissioning of the redundant ARPANET infrastructure in 1990.. In the early ...

04/30/2015: During Tuesday evening's City Council meeting, Mayor R. Rex Parris presented the Key to the City to Matt Anderson, who was recently named 'Gateway Teacher of the Year' by the esteemed national program 'Project Lead the Way' (PLTW). Mr. Anderson, a teacher at Joe Walker Middle School, teaches PLTW Gateway courses as part of the school's Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) program. "In recognition of your remarkable dedication and enthusiasm in helping to develop our region's STEM program, and your commitment to serving the young people of our community, we are very proud to present you with the Key to the City, acknowledging your many outstanding achievements, including now being named the Teacher of the Year," said Mayor Parris. "We know how important the STEM program is to our community, training intelligent young man and women to become engineers, scientists and mathematicians. The young adults whose lives you've touched truly represent our future here in the ...

The National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS) is a research centre of its parent organisation, the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), providing for scientific research and increased knowledge in atmospheric science in the United Kingdom. The NCAS performs research into climate change, air quality, weather and atmospheric modelling. NCAS employs over 130 members of staff across 19 organisations, and is headquartered at the University of Leeds. The NCAS is organised into the following structural units: NCAS-Climate NCAS-Weather NCAS-Composition The Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) The Universities' Facilities for Atmospheric Measurement (UFAM) The British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) Computational Modelling Services (CMS) National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), a US research centre "History of NCAS". ncas.ac.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2016. "About NCAS". ncas.ac.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2016. "NERC - Research centres". nerc.ac.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2016. ...

Gilead Sciences - amerykański koncern farmaceutyczny. Firma koncentruje się przede wszystkim na lekach przeciwwirusowych stosowanych przy zakażeniu HIV, wirusami zapalenia wątroby typu B i C oraz grypy. Gilead prowadzi działalność w Ameryce Północnej, Europie i Australii. Według stanu na 31 stycznia 2010 roku, firma miała 3852 pracowników na pełne etaty[1].. ...

Koshland, Jr., Daniel E. (22 March 2002). 'The Seven Pillars of Life'. Science 295 (5563): 2215-2216. doi:10.1126/science.1068489. PMID 11910092. Retrieved 25 May 2009 ...

Despite the many advances in traditional data recording techniques, the surge of Big Data platforms and energy conservation issues have imposed new challenges to the storage community in terms of identifying extremely high volume, non-volatile and durable recording media. The potential for using macromolecules for ultra-dense storage was recognized as early as in the 1960s, when the celebrated physicists Richard Feynman outlined his vision for nanotechnology in the talk There is plenty of room at the bottom. Among known macromolecules, DNA is unique in so far that it lends itself to implementations of non-volatile recoding media of outstanding integrity (one can still recover the DNA of species extinct for more than 70,000 years) and extremely high storage capacity (a human cell, with a mass of roughly 3 pg, hosts DNA with encoding 6.4 GB of information).. Building upon the rapid growth of biotechnology systems for DNA synthesis and sequencing, we developed and implemented a new DNA-based ...

**Caltech**Engineering and Applied Science faculty work at the edges of fundamental science to invent the technologies of the ... Special CMX Seminar in

**Computing**&

**Mathematical**Sciences. Friday November 17, 2017 12:00 PM ... We consider

**mathematical**PDE models of motility of eukaryotic cells on a substrate and discuss them in a broader context of ... The key

**mathematical**properties of this system are (i) the presence of gradients in the coupling terms and (ii) the mass ( ...

**Caltech**Engineering and Applied Science -

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**Mathematical**Sciences ... Alumni College:

**Caltech**

**Computes**A day-long event that will explore the ways in which computational thinking is disrupting ... Animashree (Anima) Anandkumar, Bren Professor of

**Computing**and

**Mathematical**Sciences, develops efficient techniques to speed up ... and

**computing**resources, in the form of AWS Cloud credits, to accelerate the work of faculty and students at

**Caltech**in these ...

**Caltech**Engineering and Applied Science -

**Computing**+

**Mathematical**Sciences ...

**Computing**and

**Mathematical**Sciences student Taokun (Xander) Zheng, mentored by Professors Alan Barr and Adam Wierman, is a ... Alumni College:

**Caltech**

**Computes**A day-long event that will explore the ways in which computational thinking is disrupting ...

**Computing**and

**Mathematical**Sciences student Nand Kishore, mentored by Professor Adam Wierman, is a recipient of the 2016 Henry ...

Special Seminar in

**Computing**&**Mathematical**Sciences. Moore B280. Exploring chemical reaction spaces using a graph grammar ...10:45am - 11:30am: New Frontiers in Imitation Learning by Yisong Yue (

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**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences,**Caltech**. November 2018. *Harvard Theory of Computation Seminar. ... Harvard Center for**Mathematical**Sciences (CMSA) Big Data Conference. August 2019.. *AI Nextcon NYC 2019. Plenary Talk. July ... In the proceedings of STOC 2008: The 40th ACM Symposium on the Theory of**Computing**.. Full version appears in Journal of the ACM ... Full version appears in SIAM Journal on**Computing**(SICOMP) 2013.. *Selling Privacy at Auction. Joint work with Arpita Ghosh. In ...Bren Professor of Computational Biology and

**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences; and Long Cai, professor of biology and ... The work was a collaboration between several different**Caltech**laboratories. In addition to Anderson, other**Caltech**faculty co- ...**Caltech**researchers have discovered rare brain cell types that are unique to male mice and other types that are unique to ... Other**Caltech**co-authors include former graduate students Lynn Yi (PhD 19) and Sheel Shah (PhD 17), research technician ...http://www.cs.

**caltech**.edu/~adamw/courses/286/ CS 286] - Performance Modeling (of**computing**systems): includes probability ...**Mathematical**Finance. 9 units (3-0-6); second term. A course on fundamentals of the**mathematical**modeling of stock prices and ...**Mathematical**Finance. 9 units (3-0-6); second term. A course on fundamentals of the**mathematical**modeling of stock prices ...**Mathematical**Finance. 9 units (3-0-6); second term. A course on fundamentals of the**mathematical**modeling of stock prices ...Winfree, E.: Simulations of

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**computing**on parallel computers. Introduction to parallel**computing**and multiprocessing. Message ...**Mathematical**Methods of Physics. 9 units (3-0-6); first, second, third terms. Prerequisites: Ph 106 abc and ACM 95/100 abc or ... This page collects some information about (ordinary) differential equations and dynamical systems courses offered at**Caltech**. ... AM 125b: Engineering**Mathematical**Principles. Catalog listing Topics include linear spaces, operators and matrices, integral ...In 2012 he became a fellow of the American

**Mathematical**Society. Kellers second wife, Alice S. Whittemore, started her career ... Herbert Keller was a professor at**Caltech**. Both brothers contributed to the fields of electromagnetics and fluid dynamics. ... He contributed to the Einstein-Brillouin-Keller method for**computing**eigenvalues in quantum mechanical systems. Keller was ... List of Fellows of the American**Mathematical**Society, retrieved 2013-01-27. "Stanford Professor Emeritus Joseph Keller, an ...Melike Sirlanci-Tuysuzoglu is a postdoctoral researcher at

**CalTech**in the Department of**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences. ... Her research interests are primarily in the**mathematical**and computational modeling of problems arising in biomedicine and ... Her current research is on the data-enhanced**mathematical**modeling of the human glucose-insulin system. ...**mathematical**biology. In particular, the estimation, control, and numerical optimization of systems governed by the complex ...Kellers conjecture "The

**Mathematical**Association of Americas William Lowell Putnam Competition".**Mathematical**Association of ... Quantum**Computing**Expert Peter Shor Receives Carnegie Mellons 1998 Dickson Prize in Science. Peter Williston Shor at the ...**Caltech**Alumni Association. Retrieved April 22, 2010. Shor, Peter Williston, "Random Planar Matching and Bin Packing", Ph.D. ... USA**Mathematical**Olympiads 1972-1986 Problems and Solutions (Anneli Lax New**Mathematical**Library), ISBN 0-88385-634-4 ISBN 978- ...This annual conference highlights the interplay between

**mathematical**theory, physical models and computational algorithms that ... Katherine Bouman is an assistant professor in the**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences Department at the California Institute of ... Before joining**Caltech**, she was a postdoctoral fellow in the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. She received her PhD ... He received a BS in Applied Physics with Honors from**Caltech**in 2002 and his MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Brown ...Invited talk: Numerical Methods and Applied Math Seminar,

**Mathematical**Sciences, WPI, April 9, 2020. ... in collaboration with Luleå University of Technology and**Caltech**. ... Guest editor of Soft**Computing**and Machine Learning in Dam Engineering: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/water/special_issues/ ... in collaboration with Luleå University of Technology and**Caltech**. ...Venkat Chandrasekaran is an Assistant Professor at

**Caltech**in**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences and in Electrical Engineering ... This sequence of lower bounds is**computed**by solving increasingly larger-sized relative entropy optimization problems, which ... His research interests lie in**mathematical**optimization and its application to the information sciences. ... Prize in Continuous Optimization at the Fourth International Conference on Continuous Optimization of the**Mathematical**...Vidick, an associate professor of

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**caltech**.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140908-181330605 Hopfield, John J. and Tank, David W. (1987)**Computing**with Neural ... Schwendeman, D. W. and Whitham, G. B. (1987) On Converging Shock Waves. Proceedings of the Royal Society A:**Mathematical**, ... Henshaw, W. D. and Chesshire, G. (1987) Multigrid on Composite Meshes. SIAM Journal on Scientific and Statistical**Computing**, 8 ... American**Mathematical**Society , Providence, RI, pp. 307-313. ISBN 978-0-8218-0110-9 . http://resolver.**caltech**.edu/ ...New faculty member Yisong Yue, assistant professor of

**computing**and**mathematical**sciences, recently spoke with us about his ... Read more about**Caltech**and City of Hope Formalize Collaboration.**Caltech**and City of Hope have signed a memorandum of ... A look back to 1958, when the**Caltech**Y invited #MartinLutherKing to visit**Caltech**as part of its Leaders of Americ… twitter. ... A big congratulations to @CaltechCTLO on its fifth anniversary!**caltech**.edu/news/ctlo-cele…10 Jan @**Caltech**...... a familiar face to

**Caltech**computer science students. Pinkston has been a lecturer in**Computing**and**Mathematical**Sciences since ... Meanwhile,**Caltech**Schmidt Scholar Sunash Sharma (BS 19) is working with Steven Low, Frank J. Gilloon Professor of**Computing**... More information is available at SASE.**caltech**.edu.. Top image: Viviana Gradinaru collaborates with**Caltech**Schmidt Scholar ... The processes for becoming a**Caltech**Schmidt Scholar and for having a project that receives the assistance of a**Caltech**Schmidt ...**Computing**and

**Mathematical**Sciences (1). *Control and Dynamical Systems (65). *Economics (6) ...

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**mathematical**modeling of the humid atmosphere Smith March 8 - Analysis/Applied math/PDE seminar Roger Temam (Indiana ... Guo Luo (**Caltech**). Potentially Singular Solutions of the 3D Incompressible Euler Equations ... by presenting a class of potentially singular solutions to the Euler equations**computed**in axisymmetric geometries. The ... The**mathematical**theory on the well-posedness and regularity on this setting is widely open. I will report some recent progress ...California Institute2017Bren ProfessorResearchers at CaltechApplied MathematicsAlgorithmsRichard FeynmanLaboratoryScholarComputationErik WinfreeTheoreticalAlgorithmicAstronomersSciences DepartmentBehaviorMolecular biology1987ResearchOptimizationFrameworksBehaviorsBiologyBiomedicineAutonomousPachterAbstractionsComputational toolsFellowExpressionsComputerGraduateFoundationsNumericalNeuralStochasticPhysics2018CollaborationCornellRepresentationDepartmentWorkPrinciplesContentComputationsAtmosphereSchemeAchievementGeometricDevelopsScienceMath

- Katherine Bouman is an assistant professor in the Computing and Mathematical Sciences Department at the California Institute of Technology. (imaging.org)

- Computing and mathematical sciences student Celia Yuxin Zhang advised by Professor Yizhao Thomas Hou is a recipient of the 2017 Henry Ford II Scholar Award. (caltech.edu)
- In 2017, Caltech welcomed 20 new faculty members to the Institute's six divisions-specialists in fields ranging from entomology to quantum physics. (caltech.edu)
- ICYMI: 2017 has been an amazing year for scientific innovation and discovery at Caltech. (caltech.edu)
- Since January 2017 he has been the Bren professor of computational biology at Caltech. (vanbug.org)
- In 2017, venture investors plowed $241 million into startups working on quantum computing hardware or software worldwide, according to CB Insights. (wired.com)

- Animashree (Anima) Anandkumar , Bren Professor of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, develops efficient techniques to speed up optimization algorithms that underpin machine-learning systems. (caltech.edu)
- Lior Pachter, Bren Professor of Computational Biology and Computing and Mathematical Sciences. (caltech.edu)
- The project unites the labs of artificial intelligence (AI) researcher Anima Anandkumar, Bren Professor of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, and Michael Alvarez, professor of political science. (scienmag.com)

- Researchers at Caltech have demonstrated that machine-learning algorithms can monitor online social media conversations as they evolve, which could one day lead to an effective and automated way to spot online trolling. (scienmag.com)
- Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. (eurekalert.org)

- Lior Pachter received a B.S. in Mathematics from Caltech in 1994, then went to MIT where he was awarded a PhD in applied mathematics in 1999. (vanbug.org)

- Over the course of a generation, algorithms have gone from mathematical abstractions to powerful mediators of daily life. (upenn.edu)
- His research interests span the mathematical and biological sciences, and he has authored over 100 research articles in the areas of algorithms, combinatorics, comparative genomics, algebraic statistics, molecular biology and evolution. (vanbug.org)
- We rely on mathematical tools that span coding and information theory, discrete mathematics, statistics, and algorithms to solve cutting edge research problems. (azurewebsites.net)
- A document describes mathematical derivations and applications of autonomous guidance algorithms for maneuvering spacecraft in the vicinities of small astronomical bodies like comets or asteroids. (techbriefs.com)
- These algorithms compute fuel- or energy-optimal trajectories for typical maneuvers by solving the associated optimal-control problems with relevant control and state constraints. (techbriefs.com)
- Image analysis algorithms allow us to see where the growth is happening, where it is slow and where it is fast," Mjolsness says, adding that compared to human analysis, a mathematical approach saves hundreds of hours. (calit2.net)
- Catacomb consists of a set of frameworks for various types of models in neuroscience, user interfaces to facilitate building models within these frameworks, and numerical algorithms to compute their behavior. (yale.edu)

- Even into the period of programmable calculators, Richard Feynman would unhesitatingly compute any steps which overflowed the memory of the calculators, by hand, just to learn the answer. (wikipedia.org)
- The concept of using molecules in general for computation dates back to 1959 when American physicist [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Feynman Richard Feynman] presented his ideas on nanotechnology, but it took until 1994 for the first successful experiment using molecules for computation to be completed. (openwetware.org)
- Nobel-winning physicist Richard Feynman , at Caltech, coins the term quantum computer . (wired.com)

- Now, scientists in the laboratory of Lulu Qian, assistant professor of bioengineering at Caltech, have developed an inexpensive method by which DNA origami self-assembles into large arrays with entirely customizable patterns, creating a sort of canvas that can display any image. (phys.org)
- LORIS laboratory works on developing innovative mathematical methodologies and techniques for a broad range of modern data storage and memory technologies, future computing systems, and emerging data science applications. (azurewebsites.net)
- So, the Caltech team used a research submersible, called Alvin, to collect samples containing the methane-oxidizing microbial consortia from deep-ocean methane seep sediments and then brought them back to the laboratory for analysis. (dailygalaxy.com)
- This work was done by A. Bechet Acikmese and David Bayard of Caltech for NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. (techbriefs.com)
- As our beloved teacher and mentor, Davidson united us -biologists, physicists, biochemists, engineers, mathematicians and computer scientists, like in his CalTech Laboratory - in a research renaissance movement towards the quest for the functional meaning of DNA. (uic.edu)

- Computing and Mathematical Sciences student Nand Kishore , mentored by Professor Adam Wierman , is a recipient of the 2016 Henry Ford II Scholar Award. (caltech.edu)
- Computing and Mathematical Sciences student Taokun (Xander) Zheng , mentored by Professors Alan Barr and Adam Wierman , is a recipient of the 2015 Henry Ford II Scholar Award. (caltech.edu)
- Kevin Chen , an undergraduate student in Computing and Mathematical Sciences , working with Professor Alain Martin is the recipient of the 2013 Henry Ford II Scholar Award. (caltech.edu)
- Other Caltech co-authors include former graduate students Lynn Yi (PhD '19) and Sheel Shah (PhD '17), research technician Noushin Koulena, research technician assistant Nico Pierson, research specialist Li-Ching Lo, and postdoctoral scholar Allan-Hermann Pool. (eurekalert.org)
- Caltech computer scientist Thomas Vidick has been named an Azrieli Global Scholar by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. (caltech.edu)
- He has been honored with the A.P. Colburn Award (AIChE), C. McGraw Award (ASEE), Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award, Computing in Chemical Engineering Award (AIChE-CAST Division), and the Best Paper Award in 1987 and 1992 (Computers and Chemical Engineering). (aiche.org)
- To find out how the bacteria and archaea were partnering, co-first authors Grayson Chadwick (BS '11), a graduate student in geobiology at Caltech and a former undergraduate researcher in Orphan's lab, and Shawn McGlynn, a former postdoctoral scholar, employed spatial statistics to look for patterns in cellular activity for multiple consortia with different cell arrangements. (dailygalaxy.com)
- To determine how these metabolic interactions were taking place even over relatively long distances, postdoctoral scholar and coauthor Chris Kempes, a visitor in computing and mathematical sciences, modeled the predicted relationship between cellular activity and distance between syntrophic partners that are dependent on the molecular diffusion of a substrate. (dailygalaxy.com)
- A Caltech faculty member, a postdoctoral scholar, or a technical staff member serves as a technical mentor for each student, to provide feedback on the content and style of the paper. (caltech.edu)
- Anyway, since I had no official standing at Caltech, I decided to decorate myself as the Fairbaby Scholar. (caltech.edu)

- In 2006, Caltech's Paul Rothemund (BS '94)-now research professor of bioengineering, computing and mathematical sciences, and computation and neural systems-developed a method to fold a long strand of DNA into a prescribed shape. (phys.org)
- IBM (Hollerith) operators at the Caltech Computing Center machine room performing crystallographic computation using the IBM card punch systems. (iucr.org)

- David did his graduate work with Erik Winfree at Caltech, focusing on algorithmic self-assembly and on synthetic networks of nucleic-acid interactions based on strand displacement cascades. (wordpress.com)

- Along with his work in theoretical physics, Feynman has been credited with pioneering the field of quantum computing and introducing the concept of nanotechnology . (wikipedia.org)
- Other topics of recent interest include theoretical computer science, mathematical optimization, and information theory. (aimsciences.org)
- Using their code, the Interstellar team, comprising London-based visual effects company Double Negative and Caltech theoretical physicist Kip Thorne, found that when a camera is close up to a rapidly spinning black hole, peculiar surfaces in space, known as caustics, create more than a dozen images of individual stars and of the thin, bright plane of the galaxy in which the black hole lives. (scientificamerican.com)

- The purpose of the course is to describe the mathematical and algorithmic principles of this area. (caltech.edu)

- Using an experiment carried into space on a NASA suborbital rocket, astronomers at Caltech and their colleagues have detected a diffuse cosmic glow that appears to represent more light than that produced by known galaxies in the universe. (caltech.edu)

- Bouman is currently a postdoctoral fellow with Event Horizon Telescope and will start as an assistant professor in Caltech's computing and mathematical sciences department, according to her website . (techcrunch.com)

- Feynman developed a widely used pictorial representation scheme for the mathematical expressions describing the behavior of subatomic particles , which later became known as Feynman diagrams . (wikipedia.org)

- DNA computing is a branch of computing which uses DNA , biochemistry , and molecular biology hardware, instead of the traditional silicon-based computer technologies . (wikipedia.org)
- In 1952, using one of NSF's first grants, Caltech professor Max Delbrück invented molecular biology techniques that enabled one of his students, James Watson, along with colleagues Rosalind Franklin, and Francis Crick, to determine the molecular structure of DNA. (nsf.gov)
- A computer scientist at the University of Southern California named Leonard Adleman first came up with the idea of using DNA for computing purposes after reading 'Molecular Biology of the Gene,' a book written by James Watson (co-discoverer of the structure of DNA). (openwetware.org)
- Jan 31: the central dogma and enzymes of molecular biology, computing with strings. (caltech.edu)
- Principal investigator Eric Mjolsness, a UC Irvine Calit2-affiliated computer scientist, and co-PI Elliott Meyerowitz, a Caltech plant biologist, are collaborating on the "Computable Plant," a $5 million NSF Frontiers in Biological Research grant that combines computing, microscopy and molecular biology. (calit2.net)

- Ph.D., Caltech, 1987. (caltech.edu)

- From autonomous robotics to state of-the-art computer vision, Caltech and Amazon have a lot in common, including the belief that pushing the boundaries of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) will not only disrupt industries, but it will fundamentally change the nature of scientific research. (caltech.edu)
- As part of this two-year renewable research collaboration, Amazon will provide both financial support, in the form of funding for graduate fellowships, and computing resources, in the form of AWS Cloud credits, to accelerate the work of faculty and students at Caltech in these areas. (caltech.edu)
- Her research interests are primarily in the mathematical and computational modeling of problems arising in biomedicine and mathematical biology. (ucdenver.edu)
- By the time of Isaac Newton's research, paper or vellum was an important computing resource, and even in our present time, researchers like Enrico Fermi would cover random scraps of paper with calculation, to satisfy their curiosity about an equation. (wikipedia.org)
- He received the Jin-Au Kong Dissertation Prize for the best doctoral thesis in Electrical Engineering at MIT (2012), the Young Researcher Prize in Continuous Optimization at the Fourth International Conference on Continuous Optimization of the Mathematical Optimization Society (2013, awarded once every three years), an Okawa Research Grant in Information and Telecommunications (2013), and an NSF CAREER award (2014). (stanford.edu)
- His research interests lie in mathematical optimization and its application to the information sciences. (stanford.edu)
- His research focuses on quantum computing, both on how to make it more efficient and how to encrypt information using quantum systems to transmit data more securely than through classical systems. (caltech.edu)
- New faculty member Yisong Yue, assistant professor of computing and mathematical sciences, recently spoke with us about his research interests in machine learning and what he is looking forward to at Caltech. (caltech.edu)
- Caltech and City of Hope have signed a memorandum of understanding, formalizing a relationship that encourages researchers from the two institutions to collaborate and share resources in the interest of furthering both basic scientific research and translational projects-those with a medical application. (caltech.edu)
- The memorandum establishes the Arthur D. Riggs Distinguished Lectureship series, which will bring scientists from across the country to speak at Caltech and City of Hope on current projects in basic research as well as on efforts to predict, prevent, diagnose, treat, and cure such diseases as cancer, diabetes, and HIV. (caltech.edu)
- Caltech has been given a unique opportunity to explore new ways to bring software engineering into research groups campuswide. (caltech.edu)
- For one to two years, the scholars will receive industry-competitive salaries while being mentored by a senior software engineer at Caltech and embedded in a research group. (caltech.edu)
- Research and development in this area concerns theory, experiments, and applications of DNA computing. (wikipedia.org)
- Fernando de Goes , a graduate student in Computing and Mathematical Sciences working with Mathieu Desbrun , has received a Google U.S./Canada PhD Student Fellowship for his research on the development of numerical tools for computer graphics and computational physics based on discrete differential geometry. (caltech.edu)
- Prof. Lara Dolecek will be giving an invited talk at Caltech on some of our recent research early next month. (azurewebsites.net)
- This course will introduce students to research areas in CS through weekly overview talks by Caltech faculty and aimed at first-year undergraduates. (caltech.edu)
- Programming with Chemical Reaction Networks: Mathematical Foundations , Banff International Research Station, 8-13 June 2014. (wordpress.com)
- A weekly seminar series by Caltech faculty providing an introduction to research directions in the field of bioengineering and an overview of the courses offered in the Bioengineering option. (caltech.edu)

- This sequence of lower bounds is computed by solving increasingly larger-sized relative entropy optimization problems, which are convex programs specified in terms of linear and relative entropy functions. (stanford.edu)

- Distinct biological and mathematical frameworks are encompassed within a single graphical interface. (yale.edu)

- The Qian laboratory's ultimate goal for this work is to program intelligent behaviors (the ability to compute, make choices, and more) with artificial neural networks made out of DNA. (eurekalert.org)
- Researchers in economic theory develop mathematical models to better explain and clarify the fundamental factors behind individual and group economic behaviors. (caltech.edu)

- He's completed a postdoctoral fellowship at UC Berkeley and was named professor of mathematics, molecular and cell biology, and computer science, and he eventually held the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Chair in Computational Biology before leaving Berkeley for Caltech. (caltech.edu)

- Mathematical imaging and inverse problems, mathematical modelling, applications in biomedicine. (aimsciences.org)

- The goal is to engineer autonomous molecular systems that can sense, compute, and perform various actions. (wordpress.com)

- Pachter spent his childhood in Israel, South Africa, and California, and then came to Caltech to study math as an undergraduate. (caltech.edu)
- Cai, Oka, and Pachter are affiliated faculty members of the Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience at Caltech. (eurekalert.org)

- But long before abstractions like the number arose, there were mathematical concepts to serve the purposes of civilization. (wikipedia.org)

- The new Center for Data-Driven Discovery makes advanced computational tools available to researchers from all six Caltech divisions, plus JPL researchers. (caltech.edu)
- Researchers who bridge economics and computer science use rigorous mathematical and computational tools to study financial transactions, economic issues, and the structures of social organizations that have been made exceedingly complex by e-commerce, the Internet age, and other aspects of a wired and more fast-paced society. (caltech.edu)

- Prior to coming to Caltech, Thomson was a fellow at UC San Francisco. (caltech.edu)
- Before joining Caltech, she was a postdoctoral fellow in the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. (imaging.org)
- In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. (wikipedia.org)
- Liu is a PIMCO postdoctoral fellow at Caltech. (scienmag.com)

- During this period, the representation of a calculation on paper actually allowed calculation of mathematical expressions, and the tabulation of mathematical functions such as the square root and the common logarithm (for use in multiplication and division) and the trigonometric functions. (wikipedia.org)

- In addition to his class work, Kushal enjoys working on software, computer vision, and controls for the Caltech Robotics Team . (caltech.edu)
- In an era of big data and complex computer modeling, researchers often face difficult computing challenges. (caltech.edu)
- Mani Chandy , Simon Ramo Professor and Professor of Computer Science, Mathieu Desbrun , Associate Professor of Computational Science and Engineering and Computer Science, and Joel Tropp , Assistant Professor of Applied and Computational Mathematics, have been recognized as exceptional teachers by the students at Caltech. (caltech.edu)
- This is one of the things I love about Caltech: the ability to bridge boundaries, developing synergies between social science and, in this case, computer science," Alvarez says. (scienmag.com)
- But typically, these mathematical representations -- long chains of computer code giving rise to images of dynamic change -- are accessible mainly to scientists. (nasa.gov)
- He is interested in "molecular programming": the systematic design of complex molecular systems based on the principles of computer science and distributed computing. (wordpress.com)
- Mjolsness and his UCI colleagues convert the biological processes to a mathematical format by designing a series of computer models to reflect the plant's cell growth, cell communication and molecular regulation. (calit2.net)
- The 41st Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science (FOCS 2000), sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Mathematical Foundations of Computing, will be held in Redondo Beach, CA on November 12-14, 2000. (cmu.edu)
- Fedkiw received his Ph.D. in Mathematics from UCLA in 1996 and did postdoctoral studies both at UCLA in Mathematics and at Caltech in Aeronautics before joining the Stanford Computer Science Department. (bardsley.org.uk)
- Sorin Istrail is the Julie Nguyen Brown Professor of Computational and Mathematical Sciences and Professor of Computer Science at Brown University. (uic.edu)

- In this new work, led by Caltech graduate student Dong-Wook Kim, the researchers examined gene expression in individual cells in the VMHvl. (eurekalert.org)

- Dr. Asimaki is associate editor for the Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering (ASCE), for Earthquake Spectra (EERI), and for Soils and Foundations of the Japanese Geotechnical Society. (caltech.edu)

- Keller had a brother who was also a mathematician, Herbert B. Keller, who has studied numerical analysis, scientific computing, bifurcation theory, path following and homotopy methods, and computational fluid dynamics. (wikipedia.org)

- New technology developed at Caltech will create maps of the neural connections within entire insect brains. (caltech.edu)
- Interpreting the relationship between sensory input and neural output involves copious mathematical modeling. (caltech.edu)
- Artificial neural networks are mathematical models inspired by the human brain. (eurekalert.org)
- Similar to the address-event representation (AER) and virtual wires, developed at Caltech and U Delaware, respectively, Applied Neurodynamics in 1989 independently developed a communication scheme for neural event messages called the space-time attribute code (STA, 15). (cerfnet.com)
- GENESIS GEneral NEural SImulation System developed at Caltech to provide a standard and flexible means of constructing realistic simulations of biological neural systems. (yale.edu)

- This page collects some information about stochastic systems courses offered at Caltech. (caltech.edu)
- Examples of selected topics for stochastic differential equations include continuous time Brownian motion, Ito's calculus, Girsanov theorem, stopping times, and applications of these ideas to mathematical finance and stochastic control. (caltech.edu)
- Jan 24: discrete stochastic model, kinetics and probabilities, computing with counts (part 1). (caltech.edu)
- optional refs on stochastic , computing , more computing , and even more computing . (caltech.edu)

- This website collects short stories from Barry Simon's many colleagues spanning his long, distinguished, and productive career as a leading researcher in mathematical physics. (caltech.edu)
- Princeton, at the time, was the Mecca of mathematical physics. (caltech.edu)
- Caltech, at the time, and as far as mathematical physics was concerned, was like the rest of Saudi Arabia: a desert (with a lot of oil). (caltech.edu)
- He received his PhD in Physics at Virginia Tech in 2015 where he used high throughput computing simulations to study stability properties of cyclically competing species in varying spatial dimensions. (gmu.edu)
- Erwin Schroedinger Institute of Mathematical Physics. (imsc.res.in)
- Currently he is on the editorial board of the Journal of Computational Physics, Journal of Scientific Computing, SIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences, and Communications in Mathematical Sciences, and he participates in the reviewing process of a number of journals and funding agencies. (bardsley.org.uk)

- Caltech wishes everyone a happy 2018! (caltech.edu)

- The work was a collaboration between several different Caltech laboratories. (eurekalert.org)
- A Unified NMPC Scheme for MAVs Navigation with 3D Collision Avoidance under Position Uncertainty ' in collaboration with Luleå University of Technology and Caltech. (google.com)
- New paper accepted in MED 2020: 'Unsupervised Learning for Subterranean Junction Recognition Based on 2D Point Cloud' in collaboration with Luleå University of Technology and Caltech. (google.com)

- Caltech and Cornell teamed up to create the iNaturalist Challenge , a competition to create the best machine-learning algorithm for identifying the world's plant and animal species. (caltech.edu)

- Digital computing is intimately tied to the representation of numbers. (wikipedia.org)
- We adapted mathematical computing and geometric representation techniques to analyze spatial variations in microtubule growth dynamics within the mitotic spindle apparatus. (spiedigitallibrary.org)

- Melike Sirlanci-Tuysuzoglu is a postdoctoral researcher at CalTech in the Department of Computing and Mathematical Sciences. (ucdenver.edu)
- Caltech math department. (imsc.res.in)
- This work was included in the Top 100 Most Important Discoveries of the U.S. Department of Energy's first 25 years, and as the 7th top achievement of DOE in Advanced Scientific Computing. (uic.edu)

- I try to work on some mathematical proofs in the morning when I'm still sharp-ish. (nasa.gov)
- Using Adleman's work, other researchers have been developing DNA-based logic circuits that are useful in a variety of ways, like performing mathematical and logical operations and recognizing patterns. (openwetware.org)
- A key to making the interface tool work is cloud computing," Larour said. (nasa.gov)
- Recent work at Caltech has shown that these microbial partners can still accomplish this task, even when not in direct contact with one another, by using electrons to share energy over long distances. (dailygalaxy.com)
- Their work builds upon a legacy of path-breaking work in the field of experimental social science, which was pioneered by Caltech faculty. (caltech.edu)

- These properties lead to mathematical challenges that are specific to active (out of equilibrium) systems, e.g., the fact that variational principles do not apply. (caltech.edu)

- In the 3rd century BC, Archimedes used the mechanical principle of balance (see Archimedes Palimpsest#Mathematical content) to calculate mathematical problems, such as the number of grains of sand in the universe (The sand reckoner), which also required a recursive notation for numbers (e.g., the myriad myriad). (wikipedia.org)

- DNA Computing is the performing of computations using biological molecules, and DNA specifically, instead of traditional silicon. (openwetware.org)

- Using a new analytical technique, Caltech researchers studying the rock record uncover new information about the sulfur cycle on early Earth and what that could mean for the rise of oxygen in the atmosphere. (caltech.edu)

- Murph was a great fan of Barry since their Princeton days and concocted a scheme to try and lure Barry from Princeton to Caltech. (caltech.edu)

- We had Andrew Penner of UC Irvine here last week to discuss his paper Gender Differences in Extreme Mathematical Achievement: An International Perspective on Biological and Social Factors . (blogspot.com)

- Scientists 'mesh' the images of the plant meristem to define simpler geometric units that are easier to manipulate in computing. (calit2.net)

- He develops mathematical models to ask how cellular regulatory networks generate the vast diversity of cell types that exist in the human body and applies these models to engineer and rewire cellular physiology to synthesize new types of cells that do not exist in nature. (caltech.edu)

- Vidick, an associate professor of computing and mathematical sciences in the Division of Engineering and Applied Science, was one of 15 early career researchers to receive the two-year appointment. (caltech.edu)
- In recognition of the fact that scientific advances often rely on the development of specialized software, Caltech has launched the Schmidt Academy for Software Engineering to train the next generation of science-savvy software engineers and set new standards in scientific software. (caltech.edu)
- This is a recognition that computing, software, and machine learning are going to play a very big role in science. (caltech.edu)
- Because Caltech is small and collaborative, we have the opportunity to really make a push in that direction,' says Kaushik Bhattacharya , the Howell N. Tyson, Sr., Professor of Mechanics and Materials Science and vice provost. (caltech.edu)
- In 2002, researchers from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, unveiled a programmable molecular computing machine composed of enzymes and DNA molecules instead of silicon microchips. (wikipedia.org)
- Oxford Brookes University, School for Computing and Math Science, Gipsy Lane Campus, OX3 0BP Headington Oxford, United Kingdom. (caltech.edu)
- In 1994 Adleman published an article in the journal Science[ 1 ] that proposed how DNA could be used to solve a well-known mathematical problem, called the directed Hamilton Path problem , also known as the "traveling salesman" problem. (openwetware.org)

- The mathematical formulae taking place in math elements will be written in plain text instead of MathML. (sbml.org)