Large computers in both size and capacity.
Statement of the position requirements, qualifications for the position, wage range, and any special conditions expected of the employee.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. This genus was formerly known as Tetragonolobus. The common name of lotus is also used for NYMPHAEA and NELUMBO.
Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The deliberate and methodical practice of finding new applications for existing drugs.
Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.
Computer-based systems that enable management to interrogate the computer on an ad hoc basis for various kinds of information in the organization, which predict the effect of potential decisions.
Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
Outside services provided to an institution under a formal financial agreement.
A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, the three main islands being St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John. The capital is Charlotte Amalie. Before 1917 the U.S. Virgin Islands were held by the Danish and called the Danish West Indies but the name was changed when the United States acquired them by purchase.
Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.
Status not subject to taxation; as the income of a philanthropic organization. Tax-exempt organizations may also qualify to receive tax-deductible donations if they are considered to be nonprofit corporations under Section 501(c)3 of the United States Internal Revenue Code.
Systems designed to provide information primarily concerned with the administrative functions associated with the provision and utilization of services; also includes program planning, etc.
The application of medical knowledge to questions of law.
The science and application of a double-beam transmission interference microscope in which the illuminating light beam is split into two paths. One beam passes through the specimen while the other beam reflects off a reference mirror before joining and interfering with the other. The observed optical path difference between the two beams can be measured and used to discriminate minute differences in thickness and refraction of non-stained transparent specimens, such as living cells in culture.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
Organized services provided by MEDICAL LABORATORY PERSONNEL for the purpose of carrying out CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES used for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Management of the organization of HEALTH FACILITIES.
The recognition of professional or technical competence through registration, certification, licensure, admission to association membership, the award of a diploma or degree, etc.
Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.
Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.
Those rights or activities which are specific to members of the institution's medical staff, including the right to admit private patients.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
An independent state consisting of three islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. Its capital is Valetta. The major island is Malta, the two smaller islands are Comino and Gozo. It was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony, captured by the Romans in 218 B.C. It was overrun by Saracens in 870, taken by the Normans in 1090, and subsequently held by the French and later the British who allotted them a dominion government in 1921. It became a crown colony in 1933, achieving independence in 1964. The name possibly comes from a pre-Indoeuropean root mel, high, referring to its rocks, but a more picturesque origin derives the name from the Greek melitta or melissa, honey, with reference to its early fame for its honey production. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p719 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p330)
A republic located south of HUNGARY, west of ROMANIA and BULGARIA, and part of the former YUGOSLAVIA. The capital is Belgrade.
Thin strands of transparent material, usually glass, that are used for transmitting light waves over long distances.
The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.
Measurement of the index of refraction (the ratio of the velocity of light or other radiation in the first of two media to its velocity in the second as it passes from one into the other).
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.

Information resources assessment of a healthcare integrated delivery system. (1/9)

While clinical healthcare systems may have lagged behind computer applications in other fields in the shift from mainframes to client-server architectures, the rapid deployment of newer applications is closing that gap. Organizations considering the transition to client-server must identify and position themselves to provide the resources necessary to implement and support the infrastructure requirements of client-server architectures and to manage the accelerated complexity at the desktop, including hardware and software deployment, training, and maintenance needs. This paper describes an information resources assessment of the recently aligned Pennsylvania regional Veterans Administration Stars and Stripes Health Network (VISN4), in anticipation of the shift from a predominantly mainframe to a client-server information systems architecture in its well-established VistA clinical information system. The multimethod assessment study is described here to demonstrate this approach and its value to regional healthcare networks undergoing organizational integration and/or significant information technology transformations.  (+info)

Protein classification artificial neural system. (2/9)

A neural network classification method is developed as an alternative approach to the large database search/organization problem. The system, termed Protein Classification Artificial Neural System (ProCANS), has been implemented on a Cray supercomputer for rapid superfamily classification of unknown proteins based on the information content of the neural interconnections. The system employs an n-gram hashing function that is similar to the k-tuple method for sequence encoding. A collection of modular back-propagation networks is used to store the large amount of sequence patterns. The system has been trained and tested with the first 2,148 of the 8,309 entries of the annotated Protein Identification Resource protein sequence database (release 29). The entries included the electron transfer proteins and the six enzyme groups (oxidoreductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases, and ligases), with a total of 620 superfamilies. After a total training time of seven Cray central processing unit (CPU) hours, the system has reached a predictive accuracy of 90%. The classification is fast (i.e., 0.1 Cray CPU second per sequence), as it only involves a forward-feeding through the networks. The classification time on a full-scale system embedded with all known superfamilies is estimated to be within 1 CPU second. Although the training time will grow linearly with the number of entries, the classification time is expected to remain low even if there is a 10-100-fold increase of sequence entries. The neural database, which consists of a set of weight matrices of the networks, together with the ProCANS software, can be ported to other computers and made available to the genome community. The rapid and accurate superfamily classification would be valuable to the organization of protein sequence databases and to the gene recognition in large sequencing projects.  (+info)

Understanding implementation: the case of a computerized physician order entry system in a large Dutch university medical center. (3/9)

Most studies of the impact of information systems in organizations tend to see the implementation process as a "rollout" of technology, as a technical matter removed from organizational dynamics. There is substantial agreement that the success of implementing information systems is determined by organizational factors. However, it is less clear what these factors are. The authors propose to characterize the introduction of an information system as a process of mutual shaping. As a result, both the technology and the practice supported by the technology are transformed, and specific technical and social outcomes gradually emerge. The authors suggest that insights from social studies of science and technology can help to understand an implementation process. Focusing on three theoretical aspects, the authors argue first that the implementation process should be understood as a thoroughly social process in which both technology and practice are transformed. Second, following Orlikowski's concept of "emergent change," they suggest that implementing a system is, by its very nature, unpredictable. Third, they argue that success and failure are not dichotomous and static categories, but socially negotiated judgments. Using these insights, the authors have analyzed the implementation of a computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system in a large Dutch university medical center. During the course of this study, the full implementation of CPOE was halted, but the aborted implementation exposed issues on which the authors did not initially focus.  (+info)

Post marketing surveillance of captopril (for hypertension): a preliminary report. (4/9)

1 The methodology and interim results of a post marketing surveillance of captopril, the first orally active angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor are presented. 2 Utilising viewdata technology, details of hypertensive patients were entered directly into a mainframe computer. This allowed day to day monitoring of events; a facility not available with paper-based methods. 3 The design of the study allowed analysis of results including some details of efficacy, concomitant therapy, any disease symptoms and reasons for withdrawal. These factors could be categorised according to sex and age. 4 This preliminary report is based on the first 13,295 patients entered from July 1983 with follow-up until January 1985. The results of the study confirm the safety of captopril in the patients studied.  (+info)

Accessing the Columbia Clinical Repository. (5/9)

The Columbia Clinical Repository is the foundation of the Clinical Information System at the Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center (CPMC). The Repository is implemented as a relational database on an IBM mainframe, using a generic design that employs a small number of tables. Client applications on remote platforms send and receive data through Database Access Modules (DAMs), which support the HL7 protocol, while applications on the mainframe manipulate data through DAMs supporting a locally defined "query template". Implementation using static (compiled) SQL is compared to dynamic (ad hoc) SQL in terms of efficiency and flexibility.  (+info)

An automated Computerized Severity Index. (6/9)

The Computerized Severity Index (CSI) is a commercially available scoring system for hospital inpatients. Trained abstractors review the patient's paper medical record and enter the diagnoses and relevant physiological attributes. The HELP (Health Evaluation through Logical Processing) System at LDS Hospital stores patient data in discrete codes. This paper describes the development of an automatic interface between the standalone, personal-computer-based severity system and the mainframe-based hospital information system. The interface scores patient severity without the need for manual chart review. Severity scores from the automated and manual methods were identical for 70% of 222 general medical patients scored retrospectively. An evaluation of the causes for differing scores between the two methods is presented.  (+info)

Evolution of a legacy system to a Web patient record server: leveraging investment while opening the system. (7/9)

A layered system is under development to enhance our legacy system as a backend in a WEB-enabled system. Each layer of the system has defined functionality, leverages the investment in the layer below, and follows the strategy of reducing support requirements for workstations. The mainframe system provides administrative integration of sub-systems, security, and the central data repository for most information. The second layer is a graphical user interface (GUI) to the system for Windows platforms. Support needs are limited by relying chiefly on X-terminals and application servers. The "Intranet" layer is a WEB Server building upon the second layer gateways to provide platform-independent access to selected information and images. The fourth layer, under evaluation, will extend access to the central data repository for Internet users of web browsers that support private-key/public-key encryption.  (+info)

A new approach to the implementation of direct care-provider order entry. (8/9)

Successful implementation of direct computer-based care-provider order entry traditionally relies on one of two different approaches development from scratch or installation of a commercial product. The former requires extensive resources; the latter, by its proprietary nature, limits extension of the system beyond capabilities supplied by the vendor. This paper describes an intermediate approach using the association of a locally-developed and controlled set of distributed microcomputer based applications and a commercial, mainframe-based order entry application used as an order transaction processing system. This combination provides both an intuitive user interface and a platform for implementing clinical decision-support tools.  (+info)

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Chicago, IL - Aug. 25, 2021 /PRNewswire/. TmaxSoft, a global software company that delivers mainframe rehosting, Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS), and middleware solutions, announced today that it has achieved Amazon Web Services (AWS) Mainframe Migration Competency status.. AWS is enabling scalable, flexible, and cost-effective solutions from startups to global enterprises. To support the seamless integration and deployment of these solutions, AWS established the AWS Competency Program to help customers identify AWS Partners with deep industry experience and expertise. The AWS Mainframe Migration Technology Partners category recognizes AWS Partners with proven technology and customer success, migrating both mainframe applications and data to AWS.. TmaxSoft supports mainframe migration through OpenFrame, its industry-leading solution for quickly moving legacy mainframe applications and data to an open system environment. With OpenFrame, users are able to shed their monolithic ...
Trevor Eddolls, managing director of IT consultant iTech-Ed Eddolls, estimates that when SAP is run on the IFL specialty Linux processor, it can save a business a considerable amount of money in terms of server consolidation. He says users can run multiple Linux systems, with all the advantages of a mainframe. In effect, a multi-tier SAP application, with databases, presentation and application servers, that previously would have required an entire room of servers and associated network equipment, can all be run on a single System z mainframe. Trevor Eddolls says, The mainframe does not fall over. There are no mainframe viruses. It is an absolutely stable and secure platform, with five nines uptime (99.999%). This equates to 5.26 minutes of downtime per year.. Taking the specialty processor route further, software company Neon Software has developed an innovative way for users to slash their mainframe software costs by enabling mainframe applications to run directly on the IFL, zIIP and zAAP ...
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Get help to know about what is a mainframe systems. Learn some of the relevant things we should know about mainframe systems like Mainframe is a cloud computer, mainframe systems are still being purchased and so on.
The differences between the Woonix (Windows and/or Unix) world and the world of classic IBM mainframe operating systems exist not because the mainframing world is clueless. Rather, it exists because the two different worlds often accomplish different missions in different ways. Despite the differences at which some Woonix programmers bristle, mainframe programming is still computer programming, and it is deucedly interesting. I've compiled a little chart of a few obvious contrasts between classic IBM mainframe opearting systems and Woonix. It's a subjective, impressionistic selection from a fan of both Mainframes and Woonix.
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While not as imposing as the Y2K problem of the late 1990s, there is another issue in the making for the computer industry: mainframe brain drain.Even though mainframe computers are widely used by
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IBM announced an updated mainframe server configured to meet the heightened performance demands of cloud computing, as well as providing enhanced security. The zEnterprise EC12 mainframe server also offers support for operational analytics that can help clients sift through large volumes of raw data and transform it to gain knowledge that can be used for competitive advantage. The EC12 is the result of an investment of over $1 billion in IBM R&D, and the work of more than 2,500 development engineers across 18 labs worldwide, says Rod Adkins, senior VP of IBMs Systems and Technology Group.
The ongoing trend toward a digital economy accelerated rapidly in 2020. What until recently was a convenience-the ability to work, communicate, and perform business and financial transactions using online and mobile applications-is now, for many, a necessity. And this trend shows no signs of slowing.. For organizations with the mainframe at the heart of their hybrid IT ecosystems, this has meant rising transaction volumes, more dynamic workloads, and a greater-than-ever pressure to get more done, faster, without sacrificing quality or security. In this business climate, organizations can no longer afford to treat mainframe application development, security, operations, and database management as separate siloes, each with its own practices, toolsets, and priorities.. As customer demand for innovation increases, so does the need for modernized application development that utilizes DevOps and Agile methodologies. This approach includes integrations with different technologies throughout the IT ...
IBMs iconic mainframe turns 50: In its history the IBM mainframe has been hailed and vilified. It has been born, reborn (many times) and pronounced dead. And yet the Big Iron remains a key computing resource for many large companies and will do so for many years. Here we take a look at the mainframes long history, from its use with the US space program to its prominence inside large business datacentres. Take a look.
We could not be more excited to welcome the Compuware team into the BMC family and the Application Audit solution to the AMI Security portfolio. BMC AMI Security is a virtual security expert for your mainframe that is built with decades of mainframe hacking expertise delivered out of the box. BMC AMI Defender for Db2. Its ability to adapt to threats and help enterprises include the mainframe into their XDR strategy solves a potentially large gap in protecting sensitive data within every Autonomous Digital Enterprise. BMC AMI Security in Mainframe SolutionsAll PlacesProductsMainframe SolutionsBMC AMI Security. Proactive monitoring and problem resolution for peak mainframe performance Learn More. MainView Systems Management. BMC Mainframe (BMC AMI Cost, BMC AMI Data for Db2, BMC AMI Data for IMS, BMC AMI Ops, BMC AMI Security) BMC AMI Command Center for Security 5.9 This space contains information about versions 5.9.01 and 5.9.02 of the product. This plan is used to perform all BMC AMI Command ...
CLIENT: World Thrombosis day AGENCY: FleischmanHillard DIRECTION: Mainframe ANIMATION: Mainframe SOUND DESIGN: Max Greening 37 second (plus a bit) animation produced to launch World Thrombosis Day and raise awareness around the often overlooked and misunderstood diseases caused by thrombosis.
Executives said the companys new line of mainframe computers can tackle any trend in corporate computing, from the cloud to so-called green computing.
IBMs new entry-level mainframe, the z13s, makes its debut next month and the companys press blurb makes for instructive reading, not least because it has very little to say about the actual spec.. Instead, there is much enthusiasm about the security features and services assembled for the z Systems server family.. The server contains updated hardware-accelerated cryptographic coprocessor cards with faster processors and more memory, providing encryption at twice the speed, and at lower transaction cost of older servers.. In addition, IBM has integrated multi-factor authentication in the z/OS operating system for the first time. Previously, it was available as add-on software only, and the integration is expected to deliver better stability and performance.. The company is integrating a number of IBM Security offerings to safeguard z Systems, especially useful in hybrid cloud set-ups, the company says. The services encompass identity management and governance and data protection and ...
Insurer Irish Life has migrated 97% of its mainframe workload onto a Windows server environment to save costs and support expansion
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Central Processor (CP) - This is general purpose processor that is used by z/OS and other software applications. Work executed on this processor is counted to software bill. This processor can be run at lower speed for cost reasons.. Integrated Facility for Linux (IFL) - IFL are used for Linux operating system running on mainframe. Linux can be run on CP processor as well but running Linux over IFL, would lower your software bill, as workloads on IFL dont contribute to your software bill.. Integrated Coupling Facility (ICF) - ICFs are used with Coupling facility. A coupling facility is a special LPAR that provides functions like caching, locking and listing in a sysplex.. System Assistance Processor (SAP) - SAP engines are used with I/O Subsystems. A system could have several SAPs. They aid in the translation of device number and CHPIDs, managing multiple paths to control units etc.. System z Application Assist Processor (zAAP) - zAAP processors runs eligible Java workloads. If zAAPs are ...
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Im a well-known mainframe performance guy, with almost 30 years of experience helping customers manage systems. I also dabble in lots of other technology. Ive sought to widen the Performance role, incorporating aspects of infrastructural architecture. Im a world-famous podcaster and screencaster (albeit VERY thinly spread). :-)
Im a well-known mainframe performance guy, with almost 30 years of experience helping customers manage systems. I also dabble in lots of other technology. Ive sought to widen the Performance role, incorporating aspects of infrastructural architecture. Im a world-famous podcaster and screencaster (albeit VERY thinly spread). :-)
Minicomputers (colloquially, minis) are a class of multi-user computers that lie in the middle range of the computing spectrum, in between the smallest mainframe computers and the largest single-user systems (microcomputers or personal computers). The term superminicomputer or supermini was used to distinguish more powerful minicomputers that approached mainframes in capability. Superminis (such as the DEC VAX or Data General Eclipse MV/8000) were usually 32-bit at a time when most minicomputers (such as the PDP-11 or Data General Eclipse or IBM Series/1) were 16-bit. These traditional minicomputers in the last few decades of the 20th Century, found in small to medium-sized businesses, laboratories and embedded in (for example) hospital CAT scanners, often would be rack-mounted and connect to one or more terminals or tape/card readers, like mainframes and unlike most personal computers, but require less space and electrical power than a typical mainframe. The contemporary term for minicomputer ...
The objective of the Post Marketing Surveillance Study is to investigate the use of the non-ergot dopamine agonist piribedil (trade name: CLARIUM) in mono- and combination therapy in patients with Morbus Parkinson. Neurologists in private practices in Germany should document the safety and course of the disease/change of parkinsonian symptoms during stabilisation on, or change over from other dopamine agonist treatment under routine conditions. Piribedil should be prescribed according to its marketing authorisation ...
Circles and cycles its the way of the world, and everyone from Willie Nelson to Walt Disney has paid homage to it. Malta New Technology GFI Holding Malta Limited 1 Aug 2016
In the 1960s, the Xerox Corporation held a dominant position in the photocopier market. In 1969, Gary Starkweather, who worked in Xeroxs product development department, had the idea of using a laser beam to draw an image of what was to be copied directly onto the copier drum. After transferring to the recently formed Palo Alto Research Center (Xerox PARC) in 1971, Starkweather adapted a Xerox 7000 copier to create SLOT (Scanned Laser Output Terminal). In 1972, Starkweather worked with Butler Lampson and Ronald Rider to add a control system and character generator, resulting in a printer called EARS (Ethernet, Alto Research character generator, Scanned laser output terminal)-which later became the Xerox 9700 laser printer.[2][3][4]. The first commercial implementation of a laser printer was the IBM 3800 in 1976. It was designed for data centers, where it replaced line printers attached to mainframe computers. The IBM 3800 was used for high-volume printing on continuous stationery, and achieved ...
Get this from a library! Preliminary mineral resource assessment of the proposed Miller Peak Wilderness, Cochise County, Arizona. [Steve Ludington; Geological Survey (U.S.)]
This study will investigate the long term safety and efficacy of insulin degludec (Tresiba; Novo Nordisk) in patients with diabetes mellitus in routine clinical
MarketHack Presents: Tips for Using Social Media to Grow Your Business at 6:00 PM, Tuesday, December 6th at The Idea Center at MDC.. This free event has limited seating and will be followed by food and refreshments.. Join Alex de Carvalho, IBMs worldwide social media and digital marketing strategy lead for the LinuxONE and IBM z Systems mainframe lines of business. This practical session will show you how to unleash the power of social media for your business or enterprise. Whether youre an entrepreneur, a seasoned marketer, a small business owner or at a non-profit, this MarketHack Presents event is for you.. Preceding Alexs dynamic presentation, top MarketHack participants will present case studies about how digital marketing has transformed their businesses. The next MarketHack Fundamentals class starts in January. This 15-week experience gives you the digital skills you need to grow your business or jump start a career in digital marketing. To request more information or start the ...
The 1980s began to see the modernization and commercialization of computer graphics. As the home computer proliferated, a subject which had previously been an academics-only discipline was adopted by a much larger audience, and the number of computer graphics developers increased significantly. In the early 1980s, the availability of bit-slice and 16-bit microprocessors started to revolutionize high-resolution computer graphics terminals which now increasingly became intelligent, semi-standalone and standalone workstations. Graphics and application processing were increasingly migrated to the intelligence in the workstation, rather than continuing to rely on central mainframe and mini-computers. Typical of the early move to high-resolution computer graphics intelligent workstations for the computer-aided engineering market were the Orca 1000, 2000 and 3000 workstations, developed by Orcatech of Ottawa, a spin-off from Bell-Northern Research, and led by David Pearson, an early workstation ... This website, created by UBC students and faculty, contains abstracts of archival documents dealing with the social history of the Canadian Arctic. The database covers one of the most interesting and heavily documented periods in the history of the Canadian Arctic: a period when Inuit moved from traditional hunting camps to settlements. It can be argued that this movement, commencing largely in the mid-1950s and lasting until the mid to late 1960s, is unique in terms of the international history of Aboriginal people. The documents that are abstracted in this collection are from a limited number of archival collections that have very extensive records. The database contains over 10,000 entries. The limitation of this database, however, is that it contains only abstracts of documents. It does not contain the full texts of any documents - these being the property of the archive in question. Readers wishing to see the complete record or obtain ...
Tourniquet Psycho Surgery lyrics & video : Cranial vault the minds map paved by heart and souls aim Transfer of DNA forms the cerebral mainframe Just like a computer garbage i...
This is *Ambica* from *Deegit Inc*, I have a good position for you, thought if I can share the details and then confirm from you about your interest level for the opportunity. If you are interested and available send me your most updated resume in word format. *Below is the Job Description for your reference:* *Job Title: UFT automation* *Location: Bentonville, AR* *Duration: 1+ year contract* *Job Description:* 1. Required mandatory experience in automation UFT and exposure to Selenium 2. Required knowledge on Mainframe 3. Required mandatory experience on DB2 SQL queries 4. Required Agile Experience 5. Required knowledge on Jenkins 6. Required experience in Mobile testing and automation 7. Required experience in automation test cases creation and execution 8. Mentor junior team members 9. Required experience in team handling. 10. Required experience in client facing role. 11. Required experience in DB2 Report testing. *Please send me your resume along with the following details:* Full Legal ...
The Range VLT 3 is a monster of an e-bike built to smash through tough, burly trails, careen down rock faces, and just go big. Using Norcos holistic approach to fit, geometry and suspension kinematics, the Range VLT 3s unique combination of long-reach, slack head tube angle and steep seat tube angle creates a more forward weight distribution within a longer wheelbase for the ultimate in big mountain, e-Enduro performance. With a 180mm travel RockShox Yari RC fork up front and 170mm in back from a Super Deluxe Select Coil shock, the Range VLT 3 is sufficiently designed for jumps and big drops. It uses 203mm Shimano MT520 4-piston brakes to keep speed in check. The SX Eagle drivetrain and Shimano STEPS E7000 motor with 500Wh in-tube battery, and optional 360Wh range extender, keep the good times rollin. - Carbon mainframe and seatstay w/170mm rear travel - Shimano STEPS E7000 motor with in-tube 500Wh battery - RockShox Yari RC 180mm, boost, E-Rated, Motion Control fork - RockShox Super Deluxe ...
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On 11 May 2020, a webinar on serious games in transboundary groundwater cooperation was held. The Dutch IHP-HWRP Committee had taken the initiative to organise a regional activity in the Rhine region, in cooperation with IGRAC.. ...
Illegal organ trafficking backed by organized crime in Europe will be investigated by a Dutch university hospital which will also be helped by the Europol.
This study is a regulatory post marketing surveillance in Japan, and it is a local prospective and observational study of patients who have received YAZ for dysmenorrhea. The objective of this study is to assess safety and efficacy of using YAZ in clinical practice. A total 3,000 patients will be recruited and followed 3 years since starting YAZ administration ...
Clinical AI Conference & Datathon aims to foster collaboration between physicians and data scientists to improve patient care. Participants will deepen their understanding and skills of the extraction of clinically relevant knowledge form data during the conference keynote talks and hands-on workshops. They further have the opportunity to work on a challenging case study during the datathon running in parallel to the conference.. Mankind has always been fascinated by the idea of creating technology that would match or even supersede human intelligence. While artificial intelligence after its birth in Dartmouth in 1956 had a rather slow start in medicine, new computational technologies and data acquisition, storage and analytic methods have arisen to allow the utilization of knowledge from millions of clinicians encoded in large clinical repositories. However, extracting this knowledge and translating it into clinical practice is a complex task, strewn with pitfalls. To identify and overcome ...
This Manual is a joint production by the EMCDDA and the Prevention Standards Partnership, and presents and describes basic and expert level quality standards for drug prevention. The standards cover all aspects of drug prevention work, including needs and resource assessment, programme planning, intervention design, resource management, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, dissemination, sustainability, stakeholder involvement, staff development, and ethics. Considerations regarding the standards real-life implementation are provided, acknowledging differences in professional culture, policy, and the structure of prevention delivery within Europe.. Additional resources can be found on the European Drug Prevention Quality Standards website [external website]. ...
Hessel Winsemius is an expert in large-scale hydrology, climate change and hydrological modelling. In September 2009, he obtained his PhD degree Cum Laude on the use of large-scale satellite observations, in particular of the gravity field and evaporation processes, as complementary data for the construction and calibration of hydrological models in the Zambezi basin. Since 2018, he holds a position as associate professor at Delft, University of Technology. His work focusses on the global understanding of the interplay between hydrology and society, with emphasis on hydrological extremes in Africa. His ambition is to produce sustainable and transferrable knowledge and innovations that fit in the context of society and its capacity to adopt technology. In his scientific work he has a strong focus on global and globally applicable methods to flood risk and water resources assessments: he is one of the core developers of the Global Flood Risk with IMAGE Scenarios (GLOFRIS) model, nowadays widely ...
The Australian Water Resources Assessment 2011 includes comprehensive information on the nations surface water resources and more limited information on its groundwater resources.
From conception to construction, the process by which tidal turbine farms are scoped and designed (and even optimised - which is the focus here) is multi-layered. The industrial designer requires tools of varying fidelities working on multiple scales, depending on the task at hand. In this paper a hierarchy of modelling approaches is proposed and some examples demonstrated. For site-scoping and resource assessment, the continuum approach enables multiple farms to be considered and optimised over a large geographic area. This is demonstrated for four farms in the Pentland Firth, Scotland. For detailed design, three-dimensional CFD codes allow flow around a turbine to be fully resolved and the physical processes closely modelled. In between, and informed by these extremes, are array design tools whereby each turbine is individually represented and the flow over the domain is calculated with the non-linear shallow water equations. In a test example, the positions of 78 turbines in a farm located in ...
Controls on the basin-scale distribution of hydraulic conductivity of superficial deposits are assessed in the context of hydrological setting and basin evolution and are investigated using a case study from the Thames Basin, UK. A conceptual model of superficial deposits across the Thames Basin is used to define six lithostratigraphic classes of superficial deposits: pre-Anglian Clay-with-Flint deposits; pre-Anglian River Terrace Deposits associated with the ancestral River Thames and its tributaries; Tills formed during the Anglian glaciations; glacio-fluvial sand and gravel deposits formed during the Anglian; post-Anglian River Terrace Deposits associated with the modern-day River Thames and tributaries; post-Anglian alluvium associated with the modern-day River Thames and tributaries. Hydraulic conductivity of the superficial deposits has been estimated from grain-size distribution data, originally collected for mineral resource assessments, using the Kozeny-Carman method. Based on 6411 ...
CheckOrphan is a non-profit organization located in Basel, Switzerland and Santa Cruz, California that is dedicated to rare, orphan and neglected diseases. CheckOrphan offers users an interactive and dynamic platform for all these diseases. This strategy allows visitors to be updated daily on all the latest news and interact with people internationally. This is essential, because due to the nature of these diseases, there is not a large concentration of individuals within any given proximity ...
Dronedarone---a non toxic amio? Maybe. No iodine moiety, no thyroid or pulmonary problems. Can be used for rate control or to maintain sinus rhythm. Associated with decreased mortality (first a fib drug to do so!) when used for rate control excluding class 4 heart failure but increased mortality seen when used in severe HF to maintain NSR. (Now who knows what hidden toxicities lurk in the post marketing experience). ...
Protein classification allows functional and structural properties to be inferred for novel proteins that have not been experimentally characterised. Proteins can be classified according to the family to which they belong, and/or the domains and features they contain:
... mainframe computer; induction tapping and recording equipment; port and starboard, fore and aft seabed skids ("sneakers"); ...
1979). More BASIC Computer Games. New York, New York: Workman Publishing Company. pp. VII, X, 2-3. ISBN 0-89480-137-6. "Gunner ... Mainframe)". MobyGames. Blue Flame Labs. 2018-03-28. Retrieved 2019-01-03. ( ... Similar games were made for home computers such as the Commodore PET by 1981. In 1983, Amoeba Software published a game called ... And, finally, to a cross-platform subset of Microsoft BASIC by Creative Computing in 1979 for the book More BASIC Computer ...
... offered mainframe computers from 1955 until at least 2002 Fujitsu's computer products have included minicomputers, ... the FACOM 100 mainframe, and in 1961 launched its second generation computers (transistorized) the FACOM 222 mainframe. The ... In September 1990, Fujitsu announced the launch of a new series of mainframe computers which were at that time the fastest in ... "Mainframe Computers". Fujitsu. Retrieved April 2, 2009. "Minicomputers". Fujitsu. Retrieved April 2, 2019. "Small Business ...
... mainframe computer users. So the early origins of segmented downloading are not historically clear. It is understood that some ... It works by simultaneously downloading different portions of the computer file sourced from either multiple servers or from a ...
... providing a standard RS423 interface for use with mainframe computers or data communications networks, permitting the use of ... Due to the cost, they tended to be issued only to the most senior, who were often elderly, had no interest in computers, and ... The One Per Desk was built by International Computers Limited (ICL) and launched in the UK in 1984. It was the result of a ... Several UK ICL Mainframe (Series 39) customers, in Local Government and Ministry of Defence sectors, used statistics ...
V4 runs on mainframe. Proprietary. 99EUR, 99US$, 89.7GBP. en, fr, de, ja (at release date). Yes. Yes. Yes. some formats require ... Comparison of computer-aided design editors. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (Redirected from Comparison of CAD editors ... Caddie Professional by Advanced Computer Solutions. 000000002014-01-01-00002014, 20. 2D/3D CAE, Rendering. No. Windows 7 & 8. ... The table below provides an overview of computer-aided design (CAD) software. It does not judge power, ease of use, or other ...
... compilers exist for IBM mainframe computers. Rexx is used as a scripting and macro language, and is often used for processing ... The Rexx Cookbook: A Tutorial Guide to the Rexx Language in OS/2 & Warp on the IBM Personal Computer. Whitestone, 1995. ISBN 0- ... REX was originally all uppercase because the mainframe code was uppercase oriented. The style in those days was to have all- ... The ARexx Cookbook: A Tutorial Guide to the ARexx Language on the Commodore Amiga Personal Computer. Whitestone, 1992. ISBN 978 ...
Boeing Computer unveils micro-mainframe spreadsheet. Vienna, Austria: IDG Enterprise. 1985-04-22. p. 48. ISSN 0010-4841. ... Boeing Computer Services was sold off as an independent entity, Garrison Software Corp, to West German software distributors m+ ... The original launch price was $399 per copy for the PC version and $8,899 for a combined PC/mainframe bundle. Boeing Calc could ... Boeing Calc was a spreadsheet package written by Boeing Computer Services, an independent subsidiary of aviation manufacturer ...
1966-1968, NCR selling mainframe computers. 1976-1978, John Sperling hired Cross for an education startup created out of ...
... exceeded mainframe computers ($11.4 billion). IBM received the vast majority of mainframe revenue. From 1991 to 1996, AT&T ... Terminals used for interacting with mainframe systems were gradually replaced by personal computers. Consequently, demand ... "IBM Tightens Stranglehold Over Mainframe Market; Gets Hit with Antitrust Complaint in Europe". Computer & Communications ... In the early 1990s, there was a rough consensus among industry analysts that the mainframe was a dying market as mainframe ...
VAX computers" atop which they built "two visual project management software packages" three years later. James C. Condon ( ... "Mainframe graphics for business presentations". Data Processing. 28: 26-27. doi:10.1016/0011-684X(86)90188-7. ... software such ... buying a company that would give ISSCO ... for the personal computer market. "Issco agrees to buy maker of Time Line". ... Tellagraf, CueChart and Disspla were separate software packages, but often computer sites having one had all three. Disspla is ...
Roberts, Goronwy (6 March 1967). "Computers". Hansard. UK Parliament. HC. Retrieved 8 July 2017. "Mainframes & large systems". ... Elliott 803s (and later Elliott 4100s) were used in NCR-Elliott's joint venture "Computer Workshop" computer bureau. The unique ... Survey of European Computers, Part 3 (Concluding Part) - United Kingdom - N.C.R. Co.: National-Elliott 803" (PDF). Computers ... The first computer I programmed [4] Savard, John J. G. (2018) [2005]. "Computer Arithmetic". quadibloc. The Early Days of ...
IBM mainframe computers and peripherals F07 2.5 mm Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) LAN, audio systems; for 200 μm fibers, ...
"1971: Floppy disk loads mainframe computer data". Computer History Museum. Retrieved 8 July 2019. "The 5 1/4" flexible disk ... "19th Century Contributions and their Impact on Elements of Modern Computers". University of Liverpool Department of Computer ... "The History of Computer Data Storage, in Pictures". Pingdom. Retrieved 8 July 2019. "The history of the floppy disk". Hewlett ... Expandable storage is a form of computer storage that is designed to be inserted and removed from a system. Some forms of ...
Mainframe 2020, 29:39-30:01. Mainframe 2020, 30:16-31:13. Baisley, Sarah (April 7, 2003). "Mainframe Completes CGI Scary ... 20 Hewlett-Packard and Dell computers running on a Linux operating system were utilized. Most backgrounds were modeled in 3D, ... Mainframe 2020, 22:09-22:52. "Scary Godmother flashback! Featuring Jill Thompson and Zeke Norton". Mainframe Entertainment. ... Initially, Mainframe's plan was a series for girls 8-11 with a budget of $350,000 for each of the 26-half-hour episodes. By ...
APL2 for IBM mainframe computers is still available. IBM cites its use for problem solving, system design, prototyping, ... In the mid-1970s, the IBM mainframe interpreter was even adapted for use on the IBM 5100 desktop computer, which had a small ... With the advent first of less expensive mainframes such as the IBM 4300, and later the personal computer, by the mid-1980s, the ... As of 2018[update] it is available for mainframe computers running z/OS or z/VM and workstations running AIX, Linux, Sun ...
The CDS originally consisted of two mainframe computers. It was upgraded in 1999 to its current clustered state, and was ... The Launch Processing System (LPS) is an automated, computer-controlled system at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) which oversees ... The RPS consists of tape recorders, telemetry equipment, and computers to perform analysis and data reduction. "KSC's Automated ...
These applications are sometimes associated with mainframe computers. In software engineering, a monolithic application ... In its original use, the term "monolithic" described enormous mainframe applications with no usable modularity.[citation needed ... Some object messaging capabilities allow object-based applications to be distributed across multiple computers (e.g. Microsoft ...
To calculate an image with the mainframe computers then, took five minutes. The computer monitor was a GRID TECHNOLOGIES ONE / ... Tony de Peltrie was created with mainframe computers. This was complicated because every change had to be reprogrammed. ... the team worked with the 3-D interactive graphics program Taarna and the mainframe computers CDC CYBER 835, 855. ... Daniel Langlois had trained as a designer and computer animator for movies and was an artist and programmer in the team. The ...
... these games required mainframe computers to play them. OXO, written by Alexander S. Douglas in 1952, was the first computer ... They required mainframe computers to run and were not available to the general public. Commercial game development began in the ... In 1961, a mainframe computer game called Spacewar! was developed by a group of Massachusetts Institute of Technology students ... In 1984 Jon Freeman warned in Computer Gaming World: Q: Are computer games the way to fame and fortune? A: No. Not unless your ...
Older high-end mainframe computers, such as the Enterprise System/9000 members of IBM's ESA/390 computer family, used ECL, as ... The MIPS R6000 computers also used ECL. Some of these computer designs used ECL gate arrays. ECL is based on an emitter-coupled ... Current IBM mainframes use CMOS.) From 1975 to 1991 Digital Equipment Corporation's highest performance processors were all ... Originally called current-steering logic, it was used in the Stretch, IBM 7090, and IBM 7094 computers. The logic was also ...
IEEE Computer Society. 29 (2): 3-17. doi:10.1109/MAHC.2007.16. Simon Sharwood (31 March 2016). "Free x86 mainframes for all! ... IEEE Computer Society. 23 (1): 3-16. doi:10.1109/85.910845.. Gray, George T. & Smith, Ronald Q.(2008). Unisys Computers: An ... The first 1108 computers used Exec I and Exec II, which had been developed for the UNIVAC 1107. However, UNIVAC planned to ... IEEE Computer Society. 20 (3): 16-26. doi:10.1109/85.707571. Gray, George T.; Smith, Ronald Q. (2007). "Against the Current: ...
The company also offered products facilitating data transfer with IBM mainframe computers. The Model II was replaced in 1982 by ... Tandy advertised the Model II as "a business computer - not a hobby, 'home' or personal computer". It claimed that the computer ... The computer was too limited for such use, so the company began development on the Model II in late 1978. It was announced in ... Unlike most computers, it had no BIOS ROM except a small boot loader (the BIOS was loaded off the boot floppy). Because of this ...
Most of the software resides on an IBM mainframe computer. This mainframe is not just responsible for NMUK; it controls ... The mainframe is located within the European Data Centre (EDC), which houses and maintains the mainframe and over 50 servers. ... Computer-controlled robots and other machinery, particularly in the body shop, are vital to production. These machines are ...
PC‑compatible computers in this type of case typically use the PCI expansion bus and are usually either a) limited to one or ... "Who just fit mainframe power in a pizza box... [advertisement]". CIO. 4 (7): 59. April 1991. Retrieved March 7, 2015. Kratzer, ... Rack mount 1U computers come in all types of configurations and depths. The pizza box form factor for smaller desktop systems ... In computing, a pizza box is a style of case for computers or network switches. Cases of this type tend to be wide and flat, ...
Mainframe business computer systems were introduced in the 1950s following the manufacture of transistors. Mainframe computers ... These computers handled a variety of accounting, billing and payroll applications. One highly significant application was the ... The boom saw the increasing popularity of electronic appliances like computers, cell phones, music players and video games. ...
Evans, Bob O. "The Genesis of the Mainframe" (PDF). Retrieved July 25, 2016. "BULL computers chronological history". Retrieved ... "System 360 From Computers to Computer Systems". IBM at 100. Retrieved July 26, 2016. ... "Origin of the Level 64 the New Product Line of Honeywell in the 1970s". General Electric Computer Department from the bottom up ... He was responsible for designing the IBM 305 RAMAC, "the first commercial computer that used a moving-head hard disk drive", ...
Davies, Donald W. (1985). "A Message Authenticator Algorithm Suitable for a Mainframe Computer". Advances in Cryptology - ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 1070. Springer. pp. 19-32. doi:10.1007/3-540-68339-9_3. Preneel, Bart; van Oorschot, Paul C ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 196. Springer. pp. 393-400. doi:10.1007/3-540-39568-7_30. Davies, Donald W.; Clayden, David ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 551. Springer. pp. 526-544. doi:10.1007/3-540-54834-3_31. R. P. Lampard (1991). An ...
ISBN 978-0902063006 The Computer in Art. London: Studio Vista. 1971 Cybernetics, art, and ideas. New York: Graphic Society 1971 ... Mainframe experimentalism: Early digital computing in the experimental arts. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press (2012 ... November 1968). "Cybernetic Serendipity, the computer and the arts". Studio International, Special Issue, 905. Play Orbit. ... the computer and the arts, a special edition of Studio International magazine, which was published at the same time. She also ...
... mainframe computers were built from hundreds of computer chips due to the size of standard computer chips. These computer ... These were used for its VAX 9000 mainframe computers. Years later, the manufacturing difficulties of the copper/polyimide ... The plan was to use extremely advanced semiconductor manufacturing techniques to build an IBM compatible mainframe computer ... At the time, computer chips of only 0.25 inch on a side could be reliably manufactured. This giant chip was to be connected to ...
... raising concerns that local replicas might expose too much confidential data on laptops or insecure home office computers, but ... Mainframe. *Personal Computer. *IBM Power Systems. *Information Management Software. *Lotus Software. *Rational Software ...
... is a problem when a binary file created on a computer is read on another computer with different endianness. Some ... As examples, the IBM z/Architecture mainframes and the Motorola 68000 series use big-endian while the Intel x86 processors use ... Also published at IEEE Computer, October 1981 issue. *^ "Internet Hall of Fame Pioneer". Internet Hall of Fame. The Internet ... Computer programs often use data structures of fields that may consist of more data than is stored in one memory cell. For the ...
RG-62 is a 93 Ω coaxial cable originally used in mainframe computer networks in the 1970s and early 1980s (it was the cable ... In 1980s and early 1990s coaxial cable was also used in computer networking, most prominently in Ethernet networks, where it ... While formerly common for implementing computer networks, in particular Ethernet ("thick" 10BASE5 and "thin" 10BASE2), twisted ... Its applications include feedlines connecting radio transmitters and receivers with their antennas, computer network (Internet ...
AFIPS Computer Conference 30 (Spring Joint Computer Conference, 1967), pp. 611-21. ― [Describes the experimental IBM M44/44X, ... Further information: IBM mainframe operating systems and CTSS. IBM and the System/360[edit]. In the early 60s, IBM was ... J. J. Glauthier, "Computer time sharing, its origins and development," Computers and automation, October 1967, pp. 23-7. ... Fall Joint Computer Conference (AFIPS) 27, pp. 185-96 (1965). *P. J. Denning, "Virtual Memory", Computing Surveys Vol. 2, pp. ...
... server-level dynamic infrastructures are the FlexFrame for SAP and FlexFrame for Oracle introduced by Fujitsu Siemens Computers ...
... market application expanded from mainframe computers of the late 1950s to most mass storage applications including computers ... the typical speed of a hard drive in an average desktop computer is 7200 RPM, whereas low-cost desktop computers may use 5900 ... "Ruggedized Disk Drives for Commercial Airborne Computer Systems" (PDF).. *^ Grabianowski, Ed. "How To Recover Lost Data from ... P. PAL Chaudhuri, P. Pal (April 15, 2008). Computer Organization and Design (3rd Edition). PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. p. 568. ISBN ...
... made it possible to conduct complex calculations on desktop computers rather than only on mainframes. It also added new ... HydroCAD is a computer-aided design (CAD) program used by civil engineers for modeling the hydrology and hydraulics (H&H) of ... In the early years of personal computers, AMS produced various other programming tools for technical professionals. ...
MGH - Laboratory of Computer Science *^ Edwin D. Reilly (2003). Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology. ... with the installation of the first mainframes in public university hospitals, and the use of programmable calculators in ... Worldwide use of computer technology in medicine began in the early 1950s with the rise of the computers.[41] In 1949, Gustav ... Early names for health informatics included medical computing, biomedical computing, medical computer science, computer ...
IBM used Encina as a foundation to port its primary mainframe transaction processing system (CICS) to non-mainframe platforms, ... DCE/RPC was derived from the Network Computing System (NCS) created at Apollo Computer. The naming service was derived from ... that included Apollo Computer (part of Hewlett-Packard from 1989), IBM, Digital Equipment Corporation, and others.[1][2] The ...
This wide range of platforms (mainframe to workstation) using one architecture was unique in the computer industry at that time ... "VAX 11/780 Computer - CPU". Computer History Museum. Retrieved October 24, 2012.. ... Dujnic, J.; Fristacky, N.; Molnar, L.; Plander, I.; Rovan, B. (1999). "On the history of computer science, computer engineering ... The Computer History Simulation Project: CVAX (1987), retrieved January 30, 2008 *^ "VAX Systems: A letter from Jesse Lipcon". ...
The Whetstone benchmark is a synthetic benchmark for evaluating the performance of computers.[1] It was first written in Algol ... mainframes and supercomputers are available in Whetstone Benchmark History and Results. This also shows original system costs ... Curnow, H.J. and Wichman, B.A. "A Synthetic Benchmark" Computer Journal, Volume 19, Issue 1, February 1976., p. 43-49. ... Following increased computer speeds, performance measurement was changed to Millions of Whetstone Instructions Per Second ( ...
... its use was limited by the need to use mainframe computers to perform the calculations, but the technique has since been ... implemented on programs available for personal computers, such as OxCal.[87]. Reporting datesEdit. Several formats for citing ...
The leader of the Amazonians is the Femputer, a giant computer (voiced by Bea Arthur). Bender is spared for not possessing male ... "Insane in the Mainframe". *"The Route of All Evil". *"Bendin' in the Wind" ... He discovers that the Femputer is actually a computer operated by a fembot, who created the Amazonian society because her home ...
An attempt to enter the mainframe computer market with the takeover of ICL led to financial strains. The rationale was the ... With developments in computer technology influencing and stimulating telecoms, the buzzword of the late 1980s became " ...
... eventually leading to the GE-600 series of mainframe computers. The M236 was designed for real-time processing in a radar-based ... Much later, the result was an order for 32 computer department machines. However, the MISTRAM computer was the first in a line ... The M-236 computer was developed for the US Air Force Cape Canaveral Missile Range, and installed it at Eleuthera (Bahamas). ... The data would eventually be shared with the 36-bit IBM 7094 machine at the Cape, so the computer would likely have to be 36- ...
... em 1999 formou junto com a Siemens a empresa Fujitsu Siemens Computers para a venda de computadores, a parceria durou até 2009. ... Maiores empresas de computadores, servidores e mainframes. Receita anual acima de US$ 3 bilhões ... ...
Integrated in firmware of System z mainframes Linux on IBM Z, z/OS, z/VSE, z/TPF, z/VM, MUSIC/SP, and predecessors Proprietary ... Bob Supnik, The Computer History Simulation Project Alpha, ARM, HPPA, x86, IA-64, x86-64, M68K, MIPS, MIPSel, POWER, s390, ... z/Architecture, z/VM does not run on predecessor mainframes No host OS, itself (single or multiple levels/versions deep; e.g., ... Software development, advanced debug for single and multicore software, compiler and other tool development, computer ...
Josephson's work in 1980 to build a prototype of a computer that would be up to 100 times faster than the IBM 3033 mainframe.[ ... researchers at International Business Machines Corporation had assembled by 1980 an experimental computer switch structure, ... "Josephson Computer Technology: A IBM Research Project", IBM Journal of Research and Development, 24(2), March 1980. For speeds ... "Fabrication process for Josephson computer ETL-JC1 using Nb tunnel junctions", IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 27(2), 3109- ...
Developers of IBM's mainframe operating systems have long used the term "eating our own cooking". ... Microsoft developed the operating system on computers running NT daily builds. It was initially crash prone, but the immediate ... Microsoft developed the operating system on computers running NT daily builds, initially text only, then with graphics, and ...
... early mainframe computers in the 1960s used a complex hierarchy of physical memory, mapped onto a flat virtual memory space ... "Computers - Key to Total Systems Control. Conferences Proceedings. 20 Proceedings of the Eastern Joint Computer Conference ... A CPU cache[1] is a hardware cache used by the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer to reduce the average cost (time or ... In computer engineering, a tag RAM is used to specify which of the possible memory locations is currently stored in a CPU cache ...
Computer mainframe systems were often powered by 400 Hz or 415 Hz for benefits of ripple reduction while using smaller internal ...
Developers of IBM's mainframe operating systems have long used the term "eating our own cooking". ... Microsoft developed the operating system on computers running NT daily builds. It was initially crash prone, but the immediate ... In February 1980, Apple Computer president Michael Scott wrote a memo announcing "Effective Immediately!! No more typewriters ...
and Computer Associates International, Inc.).[1] It is commonly used by banks[2] and other large enterprises with IBM mainframe ... In 1987, Computer Associates took ownership of the product when it acquired its archrival, UCCEL Corporation. CA subsequently ... ...
It is the evolution of the miniaturization of computer hardware that has enabled the thinking about process miniaturization, in ... the mainframe), one can envision achieving the economic objectives using a "scale-out" philosophy (e.g. multiple microcomputers ... and is a new technology which has been enabled by computer hardware miniaturization, for example, the microprocessor. It is ...
Corporations demonstrated the use of mainframe computers, computer terminals with keyboards and CRT displays, teletype machines ... At the Parker Pen Company's exhibit, a computer would make a match to an international penpal. ... Many major American manufacturing companies from pen manufacturers, to chemical companies, to computers, to automobiles had a ... Other Bell exhibits included the Picturephone as well as a demonstration of the computer modem. ...
A virtual disk writer or virtual burner is a computer program that emulates an actual disc authoring device such as a CD writer ... "IBM Mainframe Operating Systems" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-01. Retrieved 2014-06-17.. .mw-parser- ... A disk image, in computing, is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume or of an entire data ... For computers running macOS, disk images are the most common file type used for software downloads, typically downloaded with a ...
MIT alumni Dan Bricklin and Bob Frankston rented time sharing at night on an MIT mainframe computer (that cost $1/hr for use).[ ... VisiCalc - first spreadsheet computer program for personal computers, originally released for the Apple II by VisiCorp. ... "Computer History Museum. Retrieved 2008-08-13.. *^ Raymond, Eric S. "A Brief History of Hackerdom". Archived from the original ... Guttag, John (2003). The Electron and the Bit, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT, 1902-2002.. ...
Starting in that decade, IBM and other mainframe providers conducted a service bureau business, often referred to as time- ... personal computers, SaaS solutions of today rely predominantly on the Web and only require a web browser to use. ...
... based on two IBM 7090 mainframes in a new data center located in Briarcliff Manor, New York. The system was a success. Up until ... The company's history starts with SABRE (Semi-automated Business Research Environment),[1] a computer reservation system which ... an electromechanical computer, in 1952 to replace the card files. This computer consisted of a single magnetic drum, each ... "More Trips Start at a Home Computer". New York Times.. *^ Peter H. Lewis (1992-01-12). "Booking With a Computer". New York ...
"Spartan universal computer-constructor". LifeWiki. Retrieved July 12, 2009.. *^ "R-pentomino". LifeWiki. Retrieved July 12, ... for an IBM System/360 mainframe at the nearby Institute of Theoretical Astronomy) to check Conway's results. This program ... "Programmable computer". forums. Retrieved August 23, 2018.. *^ "A Turing Machine in Conway's Game of Life, ... "Proceedings of the 2004 International Computer Music Conference. CiteSeerX hdl:10453/1425.. ...
Media related to Mainframe computers at Wikimedia Commons IBM Systems Mainframe Magazine IBM z Systems mainframes IBM Mainframe ... Mainframe computers are often used as servers. The term mainframe derived from the large cabinet, called a main frame,[citation ... A mainframe computer, informally called a mainframe or big iron, is a computer used primarily by large organizations for ... In 1984 estimated sales of desktop computers ($11.6 billion) exceeded mainframe computers ($11.4 billion) for the first time. ...
Stay ahead of the tech curve with Computer Business Review, bringing you latest tech news, exclusive interviews & analysis into ... IBM says that in the cognitive era computer systems are able to understand, reason and learn from data sets or data trends, ... IBM has released a new z/OS Platform for Apache Spark which will allow accessing and analyzing data on zSystems mainframes ... IBM adds Apache Spark platform to zSystems mainframe. Increase / Decrease text size ...
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Computer Weeklys Buyers Guide to GDPR. The race is on to get ready for GDPR next year. Computer Weekly looks at how to deal ... IBM mainframe chief guarantees power savings - SearchDataCenter * The mainframe environment: A thing of the past or the... - ... Businesses are finding more ways to use their IBM System z mainframe platforms, a study from IDC has found. Far from being ... Businesses are finding more ways to use their IBM System z mainframe platforms, a study from IDC has found. Far from being ...
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  • Computer technology was moving from large mainframe machines to small microcomputers and providing information more in graphic form rather than numerical output. (
  • These included: IBM System/7 (semiconductor memory, process control, incompatible replacement for IBM 1800 IBM Series/1 IBM 3790 IBM 8100 IBM System/3 (Introduced 96 column card) Midrange computer is a designation used by IBM for a class of computer systems which fall in between mainframes and microcomputers. (
  • We start (with some exceptions) at the mid-1980s early GUI systems, go into early-1980s/late-1970s 8-bit microcomputers, back into mid-1970s homebrew kits and single-board computers, then find our way into 1970s/1960s minicomputers when 'mini' meant as big as a desk or refridgerator. (
  • Some computers, especially the microcomputers, are relatively easy to restore and easy to replace if necessary. (
  • By the early 1970s, many mainframes acquired interactive user terminals operating as timesharing computers, supporting hundreds of users simultaneously along with batch processing. (
  • Mainframe Experimentalism challenges the conventional wisdom that the digital arts arose out of Silicon Valley's techlogical revolutions in the 1970s. (
  • To many it refers to old mainframe, dumb-terminal applications from the 1970s and 1980s. (
  • During the 1960s and 1970s, IBM dominated the large computer market. (
  • IBM's mainframe chip development continues to head in the direction of higher clock speed, and Porell declined to speculate on what the limit may be. (
  • IBM's mainframe chip was designed by the company in Poughkeepsie, NY, and is manufactured East Fishkill, NY. (
  • Current mainframe computers in IBM's line of business computers are developments of the basic design of the IBM System/360. (
  • Know to have some kind of "fortress" mentality, Rochester systems didn't had large influences from East Coast universities like MULTICS, Unix, VMS, Windows NT and IBM's mainframe operating systems had. (
  • In addition, mainframes are more secure than other computer types: the NIST vulnerabilities database, US-CERT, rates traditional mainframes such as IBM Z (previously called z Systems, System z and zSeries), Unisys Dorado and Unisys Libra as among the most secure with vulnerabilities in the low single digits as compared with thousands for Windows, UNIX, and Linux. (
  • Modern mainframes can run multiple different instances of operating systems at the same time. (
  • While mainframes pioneered this capability, virtualization is now available on most families of computer systems, though not always to the same degree or level of sophistication. (
  • IBM says that in the cognitive era computer systems are able to understand, reason and learn from data sets or data trends, which creates a good opportunity for businesses to be able to create systems which can capitalise on these insights before the data becomes irrelevant. (
  • Mainframes have been perceived as expensive necessities, required for business-critical systems. (
  • The mainframe is the most flexible technology platform in computing," said Rodney C. Adkins, I.B.M.'s senior vice president for systems and technology. (
  • Do not assume that these older systems are free from risk because they were built at a time when security was not a design issue, computer crime was rare (or invisible), and the mechanisms for attack were different, generally relying on physical access and inside knowledge. (
  • The way users interact with systems has changed radically over the past forty years or so, from mainframe terminals, to client/server desktop workstations (PCs), to browser-based interfaces on a myriad of stationary and mobile devices. (
  • 0003] With the quick developments in computer industry, peripherals for computer systems are constantly changed in their specifications to provide quicker writing and reading speed and increased storage capacity from time to time. (
  • In this scene, Bill Gates removes a 5.25-inch floppy disk containing DOS from a Zenith Data Systems computer (you can juuust see the logo in the lower right), before he writes a check to an eager programmer. (
  • IBM mainframes are large computer systems produced by IBM since 1952. (
  • The first operating systems for IBM computers were written by IBM customers who did not wish to have their very expensive machines ($2M USD in the mid-1950s) sitting idle while operators set up jobs manually. (
  • The System/360 was also the first computer in wide use to include dedicated hardware provisions for the use of operating systems. (
  • Mainframe systems underpin digital infrastructures, and are considered today by many organizations to be the backbone of their digital transformation. (
  • Its focus is not only on maintaining systems, but also on providing the know-how to help reduce ongoing operating costs associated with mainframe software and hardware. (
  • Rupert Lehner, SVP Enterprise Platform Services EMEIA at Fujitsu, says: "An estimated 85 percent of daily financial services transactions, such as ATM withdrawals and credit card payments, run through mainframe systems. (
  • EPS Academy training covers all mainframe systems around Fujitsu EPS business lines. (
  • What a radical and innovative idea it was: instead of saving our data and running our applications from a local computer or a server housed in an on-premises data center, we could take advantage of economies of scale by using lower-powered devices to access those resources that are actually located on larger, more powerful systems in a remote place. (
  • Centralized computing in the mainframe era had obvious benefits cost was a major one, since early systems not only cost hundreds of thousands of dollars (or more) but also took up entire rooms or buildings, so that the cost of the space to house them added to their TCO. (
  • Big businesses (and later small ones) wanted more control over the systems, so "mini-mainframes" came into being. (
  • I interviewed at Patni Computer Systems (Bengaluru (India)) in January 2013. (
  • I interviewed at Patni Computer Systems in March 2010. (
  • For the user, this meant that software applications developped for more than 500,000 PDP-11 and VAX systems were candidat for easy migration to a desktop personal computer. (
  • With INNOVATION's FDR/UPSTREAM solution, mainframe users can also backup their open systems data through their LUMINEX/Data Domain/INNOVATION mainframe data protection infrastructure, which can extend the benefits of virtual tape backup and data deduplication technologies across their entire environment. (
  • Michigan-based Wayne County Regional Educational Service Agency (RESA) serves more than 34 school districts within the eighth most populous county in the U.S. The agency's data center operation, including both mainframe and open systems, has successfully combined its storage infrastructure using an integrated solution from INNOVATION, Data Domain and LUMINEX. (
  • We use INNOVATION's FDR/UPSTREAM product on the mainframe to backup our open-systems servers. (
  • Many customers have both open systems and mainframes in their data centers and there was a strong desire to deploy a unified enterprise solution that would support both environments," said Thomas Meehan, INNOVATION Data Processing Vice President, Advance Technology. (
  • We support both open systems and mainframe backup as well as replicated DR. Experience with actual production data from customers shows that the deduplication rates based on the combined LUMINEX and Data Domain solution are quite striking. (
  • Direct the analysis, development, and operation of complete computer systems. (
  • Direct the installation of operating systems, network or application software, or computer or network hardware. (
  • It's hard to get away from the fact that a collection of "midrange" (typically Unix) systems are harder to manage than a much smaller number of Mainframe systems, both because there are more of them, and because the tools are significantly less mature. (
  • Bachelor's degree in Information Systems, Information Technology, Computer Science or Engineering or equivalent experience. (
  • Test, maintain, and monitor computer programs and systems, including coordinating the installation of computer programs and systems. (
  • Code modifications to computer programs into existing systems and tests program effectiveness. (
  • Originally, LTAS was available only on IBM mainframe computer systems. (
  • Fort Knox would replace the S/36 and S/38, Series/1, RS/6000 and a bunch of small IBM mainframe systems. (
  • 4. Large Systems Storage Hierarchy High Speed Bus and "Storage" is what other servers might call Processor Cache and RAM Coupling Facility acts as "shared memory" between multiple mainframes IBM coined the term DASD as a shorthand describing hard disk drives, magnetic drums, and data cells. (
  • China has developed more secure operating software for its tens of millions of computers and is already installing it on government and military systems, hoping to make Beijing's networks impenetrable to U.S. military and intelligence agencies. (
  • U.S. offensive cyberwar capabilities have been focused on getting into Chinese government and military computers outfitted with less secure operating systems like those made by Microsoft Corp. (
  • Nevertheless, they need to be taken into consideration by any company faced with deciding between personal computers and personal systems. (
  • We had to balance the interests of consumers with the concerns of health plan sponsors and carriers, which told us that their computer systems were not set up to aggregate all of a person's out-of-pocket costs. (
  • Through the nineties some people saw mainframes as expensive legacy systems, something difficult to get value from," Cooper says. (
  • Now we are seeing organisations opting to keep their mainframe systems rather than replace them, and looking for ways to get better value out of them. (
  • While CA's Cooper says big business is increasingly opting to leverage the full value from their mainframe systems, some are simply looking for a way out. (
  • The new mainframe also offers IT systems analytics capabilities based on technology from IBM Research. (
  • 1. Given the current rapid developments in computer systems, this section may seem dated, but it nevertheless provides a basic introduction to the subject. (
  • If participants are already familiar with computers, it is desirable to focus on the important managerial issues which arise in the context of systems development and maintenance. (
  • Observe that stand-alone, inexpensive systems such as personal computers (PCs) are becoming increasingly widespread because of ease of use, convenience and low cost. (
  • The current trend is to interconnect a number of low-cost, mini-computer systems based on advanced micro processor chips, as multi-terminal systems. (
  • Software such as operating systems, computer language processors, general purpose packages and special purpose packages are systems types. (
  • Mainframe Programmer II reviews, analyzes, and modifies programming systems including encoding, testing, debugging and installing for a large-scale mainframe computer system. (
  • Having abandoned its founding business of manufacturing mainframe computers, Amdahl Corporation has positioned itself in the early 21st century as a developer and implementer of information technology systems and services, and enterprise-level software, and as a provider of professional and consulting services. (
  • As an adjunct to its services businesses, the company, a wholly owned subsidiary of Japan ' s Fujitsu Limited , continues to offer its customers computer servers and storage systems. (
  • In 1955 Amdahl and other systems designers began conceptualizing a new computer for IBM, which they christened the Datatron. (
  • In early 1969, while director of IBM ' s Advanced Computing Systems Laboratory in Menlo Park, California, he began to investigate the company ' s cost-pricing cycle as it applied to a large computer they were developing. (
  • As part of that course, we discussed the computer systems of yesteryear, and I mentioned the fact that I would really like to get my hands on an old teleprinter (also known as a teletypewriter, teletype, or TTY). (
  • Dell Computer Corp. systems. (
  • Most large-scale computer-system architectures were established in the 1960s, but they continue to evolve. (
  • Widespread use of computers first occurred in the 1960s. (
  • From 1952 into the late 1960s, IBM manufactured and marketed several large computer models, known as the IBM 700/7000 series. (
  • Computers in the early 1960s ran programs one at a time, one after the other. (
  • Finally, we're into mainframes of the 1950s and 1960s. (
  • The death of the mainframe has been predicted many times over the years. (
  • Anyone still predicting the death of the mainframe? (
  • In the late 1950s, mainframes had only a rudimentary interactive interface (the console) and used sets of punched cards, paper tape, or magnetic tape to transfer data and programs. (
  • The 7010 was introduced in 1962 as a mainframe-sized 1410. (
  • Mainframes & minicomputers Books and reviews. (
  • Presented with a red border are the Mainframes & minicomputers books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. (
  • With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Mainframes & minicomputers books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. (
  • Users gained access through keyboard/typewriter terminals and specialized text terminal CRT displays with integral keyboards, or later from personal computers equipped with terminal emulation software. (
  • By the 1980s, many mainframes supported graphic display terminals, and terminal emulation, but not graphical user interfaces. (
  • Car rental, travel agent, and airline gate agent terminals are common examples of devices often supported by mainframe technology. (
  • Over the years, workstations have evolved first to supplement mainframe computer terminals (dumb terminals) and then to replace them. (
  • Thus, there was widespread interest in time sharing, which allowed multiple researchers to run programs on the mainframe at the same time, getting results immediately on their remote terminals. (
  • In the bad old days when I started computing(more than 2 decades ago), Mainframes and minis both used terminals to interface with. (
  • Mainframe technology remained the dominant practice through the mid-1980s, and remains today a key element of the data processing environment in many organizations. (
  • Compuware is advancing its ongoing mission to mainstream the mainframe for developers by integrating its machine-learning-driven zAdviser analytics tool with is ISPW mainframe continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD) solution. (
  • We're on a quest to mainstream the mainframe," says O'Malley. (
  • Topics critical to Data Center Operations and Computing including hardware and software for Storage, Consolidation, High Availability, Backup & Recovery, and IT Optimization, as well as automated tools that help compensate for the growing Mainframe Skills Shortage. (
  • Munich, December 07, 2017 - Fujitsu is addressing the growing skills shortage of mainframe engineers by investing in its Enterprise Platform Services Academy, which is now offering an enhanced choice of training options. (
  • And large organizations with high transaction volumes, such as government departments and financial services institutions, also often rely on mainframes at their core, as do data centers running on-premises and in the cloud. (
  • DDUP ) announced today that their combined offerings are in production at enterprise mainframe data centers and can provide customers with simplified and cost-effective tapeless backup and disaster recovery (DR) solutions. (
  • Operate radio, telephone, or computer equipment at emergency response centers. (
  • A number of software tools exist to design computer network diagrams / or generate visual maps of networks, servers, storage, services, data centers, and other peripherals. (
  • IBM z/OS Platform for Apache Spark enables Spark to run natively on the z/OS mainframe operating system. (
  • Businesses are finding more ways to use their IBM System z mainframe platforms, a study from IDC has found. (
  • IDC surveyed a total of 300 mainframe users on the usage patterns they see in their sites and looked at their future intentions regarding acquisition of System z and software to run on the mainframe platform. (
  • Many mainframe users reported that they plan another wave of investments in the System z platform over the next two to five years, given the system's high availability, reliability, and security for mission-critical applications. (
  • WinterGreen Research has estimated that seven times more IT administrators are required to run a real-time, 24/7, high-availability distributed computing environment compared to running the same application on a mainframe system. (
  • The new mainframe, dubbed the zEnterprise 196 , can operate with up to 96 processors versus 64 in the System z10 mainframe using about the same amount of power. (
  • The present invention provides a method, system, and computer program product for synchronizing security credentials of users and/or groups of users between directories, operating system platforms, and/or registries. (
  • A method, system, and computer program product for efficient processing of Extensible Markup Language (XML) documents in Content Based Routing ("CBR") networks. (
  • LTAS.NET 4.0 may be installed on computers with Windows 7 SP1, 8, 8.1, or 10 64-bit operating system. (
  • Microsoft bought the 86-DOS personal computer operating system from Seattle Computer Products, renamed it MS-DOS, and the rest is history. (
  • As both an intern and a consultant at Microsoft, Rishabh Singh, a graduate student in the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) at MIT, has worked with Microsoft Research s Sumit Gulwani to develop a system that lets Excel users customize their spreadsheets simply by giving examples of how they want data processed. (
  • If you look at the macros [small programs] that one would have to write in order to perform those text transformations manually, compared to the few demonstrations that you do as an end-user, it s quite amazing how much programming you can avoid doing through this system, says Rastislav Bodík, an associate professor of computer science at the University of California at Berkeley who specializes in automatic program synthesis. (
  • Prior to System/360, IBM also sold computers smaller in scale that were not considered mainframes, though they were still bulky and expensive by modern standards. (
  • The number "360" suggested a "360 degree," or "all-around" computer system. (
  • Learning sessions cover all typical mainframe system environments across Fujitsu Enterprise Platform Services business lines - as well as many relevant data center technologies, such as networks, storage and applications. (
  • The other common objective is to have a more flexible capability to "re-locate" processing from mainframe compute cycles to a different platform in order to optimize the use of computing resources while not breaking upstream and downstream system interfaces. (
  • Computer System Interfaces. (
  • A work process object (WPO) (1001) is created, residing in a data base, and stored in a memory of the process and project management computer system (1030). (
  • This basically means that it's a small mainframe system. (
  • Rochester started building business computers with the System/3. (
  • Hub go-ahead polling (a.k.a. token passing ) One computer starts the poll and passes it to the next system on the multipoint circuit, which sends its message or passes it to the next system, and so on. (
  • IBM today continued the evolution of its mainframe family by introducing a system it says is 25% faster and has 50% more capacity than the current high-end machine. (
  • If a computer system is available in the vicinity of the workshop venue, participants should be shown the system and, if possible, even be given an opportunity to work with it. (
  • The hardware components of a computer system consist of the input device through which data or instructions are entered, the output devices on which the processed results are presented, and between them a central processing unit (CPU), which receives data or instructions from input devices, processes them and returns the results to the output devices. (
  • Define and explain the terms used in a computer system. (
  • A distributed computer system is disclosed which comprises a source of a continuous data stream repetitively including data representing a distributed computing application and a client computer, receiving the data stream, for extracting the distributed computing application representative data from. (
  • said distributed computing system is an interactive television system, said data stream includes compressed television video and audio signal, and said client computer, responsive to said distributed computing application produces and combines graphics with reproduced said television video. (
  • Mini-computer were designed for companies that couldn't afford a mainframe, but still needed a computerized central system. (
  • The IBM System 370 is a mainframe, where as the System 3X's and AS400 family are closer to Mini-computers. (
  • Join DG Technology for a discussion on MEAS™, the Mainframe Event Acquisition System™, which enables companies to collect, store, report and analyze data in real time, through seamless integration with McAfee's Security Management and SIEM technologies. (
  • A mainframe computer, informally called a mainframe or big iron, is a computer used primarily by large organizations for critical applications, bulk data processing (such as the census and industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning, and large-scale transaction processing). (
  • IBM claimed that its newer mainframes reduced data center energy costs for power and cooling, and reduced physical space requirements compared to server farms. (
  • News: Gives data scientists and developers real time, simple access to mainframe data. (
  • IBM has released a new z/OS Platform for Apache Spark which will allow accessing and analyzing data on zSystems mainframes simpler and faster. (
  • Organisations can now use this capability by applying in-memory analytics through Spark without having to move or download data from the mainframe. (
  • Computer Weekly looks at how to deal with data under the regulation, how compliance will affect businesses, and what organisations should do to prepare. (
  • for instance specific purpose computer only numeric data or to completely control automated manufacturing process. (
  • What is the Classification of computer by type of data handled? (
  • Name a trend in corporate computing - cloud computing, data center consolidation, flash-memory storage, so-called green computing - and I.B.M. executives point to tailored features in its mainframe that deliver the goods. (
  • Mainframes continue to represent the strong core of Data Center technology, while Virtualization and Cloud are also emerging as important technologies to support efficiency, scalability, and cost containment. (
  • In this scene from Jobs vs. Gates , Woz is showing his friend Steve Jobs how cool it would be to attach a keyboard and a monitor to a computer so you can input data into it directly, rather than feed a punchcard into a mainframe. (
  • Legendary mainframe reliability is increasingly appealing to organizations that are seeing security concerns rise, where IT departments need to establish more stringent controls, and in line with the growing trend towards big data and analytics. (
  • In this week's Searchlight , associate site editor Brian Holak speaks with AI experts to get their take on the future of so-called computer vision , as well as what it means for companies that aren't big data giants. (
  • The common primary objective is to extend the reach and reuse of key data and business logic from the mainframe to other applications and business processes such as trading partner interactions over the internet, business-to-customer portals and business intelligence applications like dashboards and data marts. (
  • Each of these approaches can be readily used for both inbound and outbound data flows to and from the mainframe, yet have a different set of pros and cons. (
  • The first approach is to use a [STR archive available for a limited time at] message-oriented middleware (MOM) or message queue (MQ) to act as a network protocol and data payload "bridge" between the mainframe and an established service interface which is implemented on an intermediary like Intel SOA Expressway or other application server. (
  • The third approach is to directly apply an integration middleware product to a data feed on the mainframe. (
  • LUMINEX provides the Channel Gateway solution necessary to enable mainframe users to deploy Data Domain deduplication storage in their enterprise environments. (
  • Company executives at LUMINEX, Data Domain and INNOVATION believe that their combined solutions provide mainframe and mixed environment enterprises with the opportunity to overcome long-standing barriers to effective data protection processes. (
  • The growing base of INNOVATION users upgrading to LUMINEX mainframe virtual tape with Data Domain deduplication storage speaks volumes about how well our companies work together and the opportunity to move mainframe customers to a tapeless mainframe infrastructure. (
  • Beth White, Vice President of Marketing for Data Domain, said, "This combination of technologies is exciting news for mainframe enterprises. (
  • Data Domain and LUMINEX have been helping mainframe users shed the inefficiencies of tape infrastructure since 2006, establishing a field-proven record of successful implementations. (
  • Mainframe computers centralized computing power and also centralized data storage. (
  • This version of LTAS is more interactive than the previous mainframe or MS-DOS versions and provides greater flexibility for data input, export and analysis. (
  • The data has been entered in the computer. (
  • MAC becomes important when several computers share the same communications circuit to ensure no two devices attempt to transmit data at the same time. (
  • Computers wait until the circuit is free and then transmit whenever they have data to send. (
  • In a sales situation, for example, historic data for the computer to work on is either entered manually or downloaded from an outside electronic source. (
  • This shift in attitude according to Cooper is due in part to new technologies which better enable businesses to use the data and processing power on their mainframes. (
  • Given that many data-dependent corporates have their core operations hardwired into the mainframe environment, Ivancic believes we are unlikely a move away from this. (
  • The zEC12 is the first IBM mainframe to include internal solid state technology called Flash Express, a new memory technology that can help improve the performance of data intensive applications. (
  • said client computer extracts said directory module from said data stream and uses said data module related information to extract said data module from said data stream, and processes said data module with said code module. (
  • said client computer, responsive to information in said directory module, extracts code modules from said data stream to execute said distributed computing application. (
  • Mainframes have high availability, one of the primary reasons for their longevity, since they are typically used in applications where downtime would be costly or catastrophic. (
  • This technique of virtual machines allows applications to run as if they were on physically distinct computers. (
  • Far from being killed off, the mainframe is still considered a significant platform for running applications, according to the analyst firm. (
  • Mobile technology is increasing complexity, usage and costs of mainframe applications. (
  • Reducing technical debt inherent in mainframe applications is essential for any organization looking to incorporate mainframe applications into their CI/CD pipelines,' said Jason Bloomberg, president of industry analyst firm Intellyx, in a statement. (
  • Compuware CEO Chris O'Malley says both initiatives are designed to make mainframes more accessible at a time when enterprise IT organizations are engaged in digital business transformations that inevitably need to include mainframe applications. (
  • Most organizations can't afford to eliminate or rewrite legacy mainframe applications on which much of the business still depends. (
  • The mix of Java and COBOL in the IMS environment is a good way to modernize the core applications on the mainframe. (
  • Felicitas Birkner, Head of BS2000 Portfolio Management and the EPS Academy, Fujitsu says: "We are seeing renewed levels of customer interest in extending the lifecycle of proven mainframe technology, and in further developing mainframe-based applications for the future. (
  • BC Card, the largest credit card processor in South Korea, is dumping its Unix servers, made by Hewlett-Packard and Sun Microsystems, and moving its processing applications to mainframes made by IBM. (
  • Social Applications---From fashion design to meteorology, this volume covers how the use of computers impacts our everyday lives. (
  • I've been a mainframe applications guy for 30 years. (
  • 1. A brief introduction to computer hardware, software and applications development as a background to the identification of potential areas for the use of computers in the management of agricultural research. (
  • Provide expert technical support to computer operations and applications programming personnel. (
  • As part of a continuing effort to modernize mainframe environments, Compuware today made available an update to a tool that makes it simpler to test logical units of COBOL code while at the same time moving to acquire MVS Solutions , a provider of a tool for automating the running of batch jobs on mainframes. (
  • The only alternative for most of them is to modernize mainframe environments to make them at least as accessible as any other platform in the enterprise. (
  • Modern mainframe design is characterized less by raw computational speed and more by: Redundant internal engineering resulting in high reliability and security Extensive input-output ("I/O") facilities with the ability to offload to separate engines Strict backward compatibility with older software High hardware and computational utilization rates through virtualization to support massive throughput. (
  • When all the mainframe-related software, services and storage are included, mainframe technology delivers about 25 percent of I.B.M.'s revenue and more than 40 percent of its profits, estimates A. M. Sacconaghi, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein. (
  • The table below provides an overview of computer-aided design (CAD) software. (
  • For all-purpose 3D programs, see Comparison of 3D computer graphics software . (
  • zAdviser is a free service for Compuware customers designed to leverage machine learning 'to continuously improve mainframe software development and delivery outcomes,' the company explained. (
  • The computer couldn't run business software, however, so Microsoft developed its SoftCard expansion board to add that capability. (
  • very successful and many 1400 peripherals were used with the 360s) IBM 1620 (decimal architecture, engineering, scientific, and education) IBM had difficulty getting customers to upgrade from the smaller machines to the mainframes because so much software had to be rewritten. (
  • The clip art example "Telecommunication networks - Vector stencils library" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Telecommunication Network Diagrams solution from the Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. (
  • ConceptDraw PRO is the software for manual design of computer network diagrams. (
  • The symbols example "Computer network - Vector stencils library" was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Computer and Networks solution from the Computer and Networks area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. (
  • In the late 1960's, to settle some lawsuits, IBM agreed to not bundle software with it's computers anymore. (
  • Up until this point large-scale computers were purpose built, whereas the IBM 360 used the same combination of hardware and software, and came with a whole 8MB of memory, was rented rather than sold, for anywhere between AU$2700 and AU$115,000 a month. (
  • Show EXHIBIT 4 and initiate discussion on computer software. (
  • And how can we write computer software to help us create and organize sounds in new ways? (
  • After 2000, modern mainframes partially or entirely phased out classic "green screen" and color display terminal access for end-users in favour of Web-style user interfaces. (
  • December 1981 This video documents the final day of operation for the last-known functioning Philco 2000 Model 212 computer at Ford Aerospace & Communications Corporation's Dearborn, Michigan, headquarters. (
  • citation needed] The infrastructure requirements were drastically reduced during the mid-1990s, when CMOS mainframe designs replaced the older bipolar technology. (
  • Thanks and Regards, *PRASAD ** Business Development Manager *E Computer Technologies 'DELIVERING THE FUTURE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY' Voice: 214-550-0763 (DIRECT) Fax: 972-889-0101 Email: pra. (
  • The technology then was a large central processor?a mainframe in the beginning, with minicomputers entering the market later. (
  • The digital format made it possible to display and analyze imagery using computers, a technology that was also undergoing rapid change during this period. (
  • A study by Meta Group found that 55 percent of information technology workers with mainframe experience are more than 50 years old. (
  • During the past decade, the company has transformed itself from primarily a provider of computer hardware to a broad-based supplier of information technology services and solutions. (
  • Assistive Computer Technology for Persons with Disabilities. (
  • Although the mainframe is still "Hangin' in there", I need to try and learn some of the new technology. (
  • The last decade has seen a mainframe technology battle, rumours of its imminent demise, Sun's cheeky Mainframe Migration Program, and a rapidly changing business environment. (
  • In the first wave of mainframe integrations most people wanted just to do up the front-end using browser technology," Chia says. (
  • IBM ' s Stretch, also known as the IBM 7030, was an outgrowth of the Datatron, a computer using new transistor technology. (
  • The name Stretch was not an acronym, but rather stood for " stretching the limits of computer technology development. (
  • His team concluded that to make the computer pay for itself, IBM would also have to market two scaled-down versions of the advanced technology. (
  • A mainframe computer is larger and has more processing power than some other classes of computers, such as minicomputers, servers, workstations, and personal computers. (
  • So most mainframe technicians are older people who learned their skills before the dominance of personal computers and workstations. (
  • At the user end of our networks are typically workstations (or personal computers). (
  • Changes in Git are now automatically synchronized back into the mainframe, where ISPW's automated build, deploy, and fallback capabilities can be leveraged in a CI/CD pipeline. (
  • Fujitsu established the EPS Academy to pass on mainframe knowledge, as well as offering career progression opportunities for both entry-level students, and experts who want to extend their capabilities by ensuring that mainframes are part of the digital future. (
  • Computers weighing only a couple of pounds now have capabilities that exceed those of the original room-sized mainframes by many orders of magnitude. (
  • Needs for capabilities like message reliability (option 1), support for SOA-enabling a diversity of mainframe assets (option 2), and business rule offload (option 3) will drive which option is the most appropriate way to go. (
  • We review the literature on dynamic capabilities and, using IBM as a case example, show how their strategy process permits them to both explore new markets and technologies (e.g., life sciences, pervasive computing) as well as to exploit mature products and markets (e.g., mainframe computers, middleware). (
  • To be able to work with your esteemed organization as a Mainframe DB2 DBA and aid in achievement of organizational objectives using my capabilities in DB2, JCL, Procs, Erwin model manager, SQL, Linux and Unix. (
  • The integration middleware also handles the network protocol translation between what the mainframe can understand and what the other protocols in the SOA architecture (like web services, REST over HTTP, JMS, etc.) require. (
  • The main benefit of this approach is that business rule processing can be readily put into the integration middleware and offloaded from the mainframe without a functional or regression impact to the overall IT landscape. (
  • For three decades the mainframe reigned supreme. (
  • Ellison bounced around from job to job, including stints at companies like Wells Fargo and the mainframe manufacturer Amdahl. (
  • With a knowledge of electronics gained in the Navy and a familiarity with computer programming garnered from a brief course, Amdahl designed and helped construct an early computer known as the WISC (Wisconsin Integrally Synchronized Computer). (
  • In 1952 Amdahl joined IBM and became chief designer of the IBM 704 computer, which was released in 1954. (
  • Over the following few months, Amdahl reviewed the policies that prevented IBM from aiming at the high end of computer development and presented his analysis to IBM ' s top three executives. (
  • Then during the nineties, personal computers grew into servers and then server farms, and mainframes were increasingly depicted as dinosaurs and decommissioned in favour of their lightweight, fast-moving counterparts. (
  • In this case, mainframe assets like CICS transactions and IMDB databases are directly exposed with a SOAP web service interface. (
  • Revenue fell by 1% reflecting a shift from mainframe and Unix servers to PC servers and Itanium servers. (
  • Mini's and mainframe computers run on OS's such as Unix, Cobal and RPG. (
  • Fujitsu has established the EPS Academy to ensure that mainframes will keep on running even as experienced mainframe technicians are retiring. (
  • As a result, companies are finding it more difficult to isolate and fix problems, according to a global CIO survey on the impact of new technologies and trends on the mainframe application environment that was recently conducted by Compuware Corporation. (
  • The computer industry hasn't been around as long as the lion kings or the relationship dilemmas posed in the redheaded stranger's album, but the tech sector is now mature enough that it has seen trends come and go and come again. (
  • Let's take a look at how we got from mainframe to cloud and what that progression might portend for future trends. (
  • Hardware trends took the miniaturization of computers to a new level. (
  • Andy Cooper, information management and brand manager for Computer Associates (CA) in Australia and New Zealand, says the business mood regarding mainframes is subject to trends. (
  • This form of end-user computing became obsolete in the 1990s due to the advent of personal computers provided with GUIs. (
  • Over the last 15 years, I.B.M. has aggressively globalized its operations and work force, and pulled out of manufacturing businesses including personal computers and disk drives. (
  • In the mid-70s, personal computers were a hobby for tinkerers with soldering guns. (
  • These personal computers were really desktop-sized versions of the PDP-11, one of Digital's popular minicomputer. (
  • Updates will be sent out to cell phones, pagers, personal computers or even plain old telephones via e-mail, instant messages, short messages, pages or computerized voice alerts. (
  • Personal computers dominated computing by beating out the mainframe industry. (
  • But in a very real sense the machines are not personal computers at all, and this may well be the crux of their impact on the future of small computers. (
  • Truly personal computers vest their control in the individual. (
  • First it was mainframe computers, then personal computers (PCs), then smartphones. (
  • A PS/2 is but one component in an array of mainframes, minis, micros and storage media all to be interconnected. (
  • Customers are finding that new workloads, including Linux-based and Java-based workloads, can leverage the mainframe's built-in security and high levels of availability, by running them on mainframe specialty processors, such as the IFL, zIIP, and zAAP processors,' said Jean Bozman, research vice-president in IDC's Enterprise Platforms Group. (
  • First, you should probably look up the z6 chip* before you spout uninformed drivel about mainframe processors. (
  • Overall, O'Malley says a new survey conducted by Forrester Consulting on behalf of Compuware shows that 57 percent of new business initiative always involve mainframes to one degree or another. (
  • The final assembly work is done in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., where I.B.M. opened a $30 million mainframe plant in 2010. (
  • Additionally, Mainframe Programmer II may require a bachelor's degree. (
  • I.B.M. is introducing on Tuesday a new line of mainframe computers, adding yet another chapter to a remarkable story of technological longevity and business strategy. (
  • Nearly a decade ago, fearing that its mainframe business would wither if retiring mainframe engineers were not replaced, I.B.M. went out to universities, advocating for mainframe courses and offering support. (
  • Yet the mainframe is a vital asset to I.B.M. because of all the business that flows from it. (
  • But I.B.M. held on to its core mainframe business, whose development is supported by thousands of engineers and scientists. (
  • The digital business issue that IT organizations face, highlighted in that survey, is the fact that 90 percent of the respondents said they are challenged by mainframe application development and delivery. (
  • Our entire suite of INNOVATION business resiliency solutions stands ready to leverage this value for all of our mainframe and enterprise customers. (
  • They have gone from a laggard in the personal computer business in 1980 to a 40 percent market share in 1985 to exiting from the business in 2005. (
  • Stability is perhaps the most fundamental reason as to why the mainframe still sits at the core of most business computing, according to Boris Ivancic, area sales director for Attachmate in the Asia-Pacific. (
  • According to Roland Chia, Dimension Data's national business manager, mainframe integration is increasingly focused on the back end. (
  • They're also facing the unique challenge of senior developer attrition, Kansa said, as a growing number of existing mainframe mavens approach retirement and new developers with considerably less experience in these environments take their place. (
  • In this role, a single mainframe can replace higher-functioning hardware services available to conventional servers. (
  • A second approach will be typified by a number of machines bound directly to each other and caught up inexorably in a larger network of hardware, including mainframes. (
  • This quiz has been designed to test your basic knowledge about hardware and knowledge troubleshooting issues related to computer and laptops. (
  • The computer doesn't have to dance through windows, then windows printing, then the hardware to print. (
  • Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing machinery or equipment which incorporate computers or a central processing unit for the purpose of performing functions such as measuring, displaying, or controlling process variables are classified based on the manufactured end product. (
  • how best can I incorporate my mainframe in the SOA architecture. (
  • Is the time right for a mainframe renaissance? (
  • In the case of using a portable storage medium that may be removed from a computer mainframe at any time, the times of removal and replacement of the closing plates are largely increased. (
  • The story opens with a teen Bill Gates and a friend breaking into a computer center to steal free computer time. (
  • They were selling mainframes at that time, and to them every problem looked like a nail. (
  • With time sharing, the programs weren't printed off on punch cards, they were written and stored on the mainframe. (
  • Q. How much time do you spend on the computer when you're on the road? (
  • MVS Solutions, meanwhile, provides access to a set of ThruPut Manager tools that make it simpler for IT generalists to manage the processing of batch jobs on mainframes. (
  • This integration is meant to help developers who don't have much mainframe experience work more confidently with mainframe source code. (
  • Singh and Gulwani describe the work in a pair of papers they re presenting this summer at the Computer-Aided Verification and Very Large Databases conferences. (
  • To maintain mainframe knowledge, to extend expertise and to teach modules at academic institutions, the Fujitsu EPS Academy provides and initiates a variety of activities in co-operation with academics and associations, such as "Mainframe Days" or "Winter School - Mainframe Challenges", or conducts joint work on master studies. (
  • Ability to work independently, communicate with non-technical users (physicians), and develop high quality, documented, computer code. (
  • Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW). (
  • As large-scale mainframe integrations shift focus from the front to the back end, we look into the essential ingredients and stages for project success.ContentsQLD Transport -- working back to frontWestpac -- single customer view NirvanaSt George makes it work with middlewareHCF's mainframe mergers and acquisitionsANZ's trans-Tasman mergerExecutive summaryOn April 7 of this year the mass-produced mainframe tuned 40. (
  • In the early 1990s, the personal computer revolution took off and I.B.M., wedded to its big-iron computers, was in deep trouble. (
  • While not as imposing as the Y2K problem of the late 1990s, there is another issue in the making for the computer industry: mainframe brain drain. (
  • What are the classification of computers according to application? (
  • classification of computer according to application 1.general purpose computer :- general purpose computer are use for specific economic purpose.for instance computer are used for accounting and payrolls.pc is the best example of g.p.c. 2.specific purpose computer :- specific purpose computer are designed to solve a specific problem. (
  • There are a number of mainframe SOA-enabling options , and in this post I will share my opinion on the application of a short-list of tried and true approaches. (
  • This full-color four-volume set is organized in 4 separate thematic volumes covering the following topics: Foundations, Ideas And People---This volume covers the innovators and history of Computer Science in both theoretical developments and practical application of the discipline. (
  • 2. An understanding of application areas and a framework for the use of computers as a management tool for agricultural research. (
  • 0002] A computer case for a desktop computer is typically provided at a front cover with a plurality of closing plates, which close a hollow space behind them for mounting some peripherals of the computer, such as hard disk, CD-ROM, portable storage device, etc. (
  • Server computers typically come in one of three form factors. (
  • The average Mainframe Programmer II salary in South Carolina is $68,353 as of July 27, 2020, but the range typically falls between $60,117 and $79,102. (
  • To be a Mainframe Programmer II typically requires 2 to 4 years of related experience. (
  • Keys using 256-bit encryption can be broken in a few hours on a personal computer and keys of 512 bits have been broken in the past by using the processing power of hundreds of computers at once," he said. (
  • The new machine also had a larger address space than the older mainframes, 24 bits addressing 8-bit bytes vs. a typical 18 bits addressing 36-bit words. (
  • which the computer processes raw bits. (
  • In the 20th century, we condensed mainframe computers into laptops. (
  • Mainframe computers are often used as servers. (
  • Many high end Intel based servers are comparable to departmental or mini-computers of old, in computing power/number of users. (
  • Servers, desktop and notebook computers and storage-area networks from Hewlett-Packard Co. (
  • Today, more than 1,000 schools in 67 countries participate in I.B.M.'s academic initiative for mainframe education. (
  • Given this, I see three primary approaches to mainframe SOA which meet these objectives and loose coupling requirement. (
  • A few years back when we were working on Y2K, we opened a shop in Largo, Fla., because we could find retirees with mainframe experience down there who needed some income," said Williams. (
  • it may be hampered by a lack of techies with deep mainframe experience. (
  • The solutions of the Computer and Networks area in ConceptDraw Solution Park extend ConceptDraw PRO with vector stencils libraries, templates and examples for creating the computer network diagrams. (
  • Juxtaposing the original works alongside scholarly contributions by well-established and emerging scholars from several disciplines, Mainframe Experimentalism demonstrates that the radical and experimental aesthetics and political and cultural engagements of early digital art stand as precursors for the mobility among techlogical platforms, artistic forms, and social sites that has become commonplace today. (
  • For example computer problem solving skills can be applied to various different platforms with a little training. (
  • IBM next will will begin shipping a computer with something that customers have not seen in a new mainframe from the company since 1995 -- water cooling. (
  • The new I.B.M. mainframe, according to the company, represents $1 billion in research and development spending over three years. (
  • The I.B.M. mainframe story offers a glimpse of why manufacturing can be crucial to an American company - and to the economy as a whole - even though high-end manufacturing does not employ large numbers of factory workers. (
  • IBM was the main 'mainframe' computing company. (
  • As large-scale mainframe integrations shift focus from the front to the back end, we look into the essential ingredients and stages for project success. (
  • But the dominance of room-size mainframes was about to be challenged by a new class of computers. (
  • The problem is that in the next five years, these mainframe gurus will start retiring, and businesses will have to scramble to cope. (
  • University's mainframe computer retired after 42 years. (
  • If you asked IBM 20 years ago what is a computer, they'd tell you that the mainframe is the computer. (
  • Mind you, it's pretty typical of PC nerds to focus entirely on the processor* (even if it is years ahead of x86, which it is, and even if you aren't doing much of the aforementioned focusing because you might know better if it you were) and to ignore the most important part of a mainframe: sustained I/O throughput. (
  • If 20 years or so of using mainframes isn't worth more than some kid who just got his MCSE but has never collected a paycheck, then I should pack it in too. (
  • By sharing specialized knowledge with a new generation of engineers, Fujitsu is providing organizations with the assurance that they will be able to keep their mainframes running long into the future. (
  • Blackmail viruses have been on the rise since 2002 as the proliferation of the world wide web for commerce and rise in digital photography have made computers a honey pot for hackers. (
  • Remotely sensed imagery from satellites - analyzed and enhanced with computers - made it possible to detect and monitor these changes. (
  • A computer is made up of a lot of components and needs power to operate. (
  • IBM had already made a foray into mass produced computers in 1954 with the release of the IBM 650. (
  • Think Joshua in WarGames, or a government computer made to decypher encryptions. (
  • But when we first made our road trip, I couldn't figure out what to do with my computer, so I brought it to Toronto and Cleveland. (
  • A user may operate the forward projected free end of the catch to directly remove or replace the closing plate from or to the front cover from a front side of the front cover, enabling easy installation and removal of peripherals into and out of the computer case. (
  • When these peripherals are removed from the computer case, it is necessary to replace the closing plates to the front cover of the computer case, lest external dust or foreign matters should invade the computer case. (
  • That is why the mainframe is still the digital workhorse for banking and telecommunications networks - and why mainframes are selling briskly in the emerging economies of Asia and Africa. (
  • Mainframe Experimentalism Early Computing and the Foundations of the Digital Arts by Hannah B. Higgins 9780520268388 (Paperback, 2012) Delivery Australian shipping is usually within 7 to 10 working days. (
  • The sale of mainframe computers accounts for only about 4 percent of I.B.M.'s revenue these days. (
  • Even though mainframe computers are widely used by businesses, few educational institutions teach mainframe skills these days. (
  • Or is the code all pure Java, and can mainframes can run Java so well these days that the apps notice no difference? (
  • But IBM-mainframes run linux these days, so where's the revolutionary change? (
  • I attended college in the mainframe days. (
  • The second approach is to use a web services framework for the mainframe which is available from a host of vendors. (