ComputersHealth Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Attitude to Computers: The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Computer Literacy: Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.Computer Peripherals: Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Computer Systems: Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.Education, Nursing, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform nurses of recent advances in their fields.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Computers, Handheld: A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Computer User Training: Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.United StatesModels, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Computer Terminals: Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Computers, Analog: Computers in which quantities are represented by physical variables; problem parameters are translated into equivalent mechanical or electrical circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Computer Communication Networks: A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted: Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.Education, Nursing, Graduate: Those educational activities engaged in by holders of a bachelor's degree in nursing, which are primarily designed to prepare them for entrance into a specific field of nursing, and may lead to board certification or a more advanced degree.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Computer Graphics: The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.Schools: Educational institutions.Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.Vocational Education: Education for specific trades or occupations.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Multimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Minicomputers: Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Mainstreaming (Education): Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate: A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.CaliforniaInservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Data Display: The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Education, Premedical: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Word Processing: Text editing and storage functions using computer software.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Computers, Molecular: Computers whose input, output and state transitions are carried out by biochemical interactions and reactions.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Automatic Data Processing: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Great BritainRural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Consumer Satisfaction: Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Therapy, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Students, Nursing: Individuals enrolled in a school of nursing or a formal educational program leading to a degree in nursing.IndiaEarly Intervention (Education): Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Certification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Staff Development: The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Computers, Hybrid: Computers that combine the functions of analog and digital computers. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Neural Networks (Computer): A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.Programmed Instruction as Topic: Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).CD-ROM: An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Libraries, MedicalBrazilCommunity Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Area Health Education Centers: Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Going one-design was influenced by the success of the Laser and Hobie Cat classes. Each Windsurfer had an identical computer- ... Olympic class[edit]. Main article: Sailboarding at the Summer Olympics. Sailboarding has been one of the Olympic sailing events ... Formula Windsurfing Class: Shorter boards up to one meter in width, for use in Formula Windsurfing races. See below for a more ... The current Olympic class, the Neil Pryde RS:X was used for the first time in the 2008 Summer Olympics and 2012 Summer Olympics ...
... computer-based instruction (CBI), computer-assisted instruction (CAI), and computer-assisted learning (CAL). These terms ... The history of the application of computers to education is filled with broadly descriptive terms such as computer-managed ... with computers more present in the daily use of higher education institutions. Computer aided teaching aims to integrate ... In the education and higher education markets, an LMS will include a variety of functionality that is similar to corporate but ...
"Computers & Education. 62: 24-31. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2012.10.003.. *^ a b Gathercole, Susan E.; Pickering, Susan J.; ... "Cognition and Instruction. 8 (4): 293-332. doi:10.1207/s1532690xci0804_2.. *^ Kirschner, Paul A.; Sweller, John; Clark, Richard ... The term was first used in the early 1990s by Chandler and Sweller.[16] According to them, all instructions have an inherent ... Chandler, Paul; Sweller, John (June 1992). "The split-attention effect as a factor in the design of instruction". British ...
It was later turned into a computer game in 2012. It is the first of five Arthur books to be adapted into a computer game, and ... Ratburn tells the class to study hard for a test to see who will qualify as representatives for the Spellathon. Eventually, ... "Computers; Plugging In For a Fun Read". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 October 2012. "SCHOOL KIDS CAN RELATE TO THE BELLS ... On the day of the Spellathon, The representatives of each class are eliminated one by one until Arthur was the only one left. ...
Computers & Education. 53 (4): 1256-1265. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2009.06.008. Ritchie, Stephen M.; Rigano, Donna L. (2007). " ... Australian Association for Research in Education 2009 International Research Conference. Matarese, Valerie (2013). " ...
Computers & Education. 58 (2): 766-774. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.10.001. ISSN 0360-1315. Willinsky, John; Alex Garnett; ... and the specialization of scholarship had served to restrict participation in scholarship to a narrow professional class who ...
Computers & Education. 55 (3): 1091-1097. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Asano, E. (2017, January 4). How Much Time Do ... Computers, cell phones, and all the technology we have been able to have access to has developed a new way of making and ... Computers in Human Behavior. 25 (6): 1367-1372. ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Hampton, Keith; Goulet, Lauren; Albanesisu ...
Computers & Education. Elsevier. 56 (1): 166-175. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2010.08.009. Official website "Quest for the Golden ... Practi-Quest is an edu-tainment website that provides evidence based online computer simulations in the area of bullying ... Rule". Ed Tech - An OISE Wikiresource for Technology in Education. University of Toronto (OISE). 5 December 2008. ...
Horwood, Chichester 1982, ISBN 0-85312-416-7. Bramer, M. A. (1982). "COMAL 80-Adding structure to BASIC". Computers & Education ... In the early 1980s, Apple Computer won a contract to supply Apple II computers running CP/M and COMAL to Irish secondary ... COMAL was one of the few structured programming languages that was available for and comfortably usable on 8-bit home computers ... It was popular for education and some textbooks were locally written. In 1984 Acornsoft released a COMAL implementation, by ...
Computers & Education. 52 (2): 402-416. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2008.09.009. "ICT Assisted Project Based Learning: eLearning in ... interactive classes where students or pupils work with a teacher in a class group lesson (synchronous). Class sizes range ... "Online Education offers Access and Affordability". Unlike traditional education delivery methods, students at virtual schools ... U.S Department of Education. Retrieved 19 June 2015. "Online Education offers Access and Affordability". U.S News. Retrieved 18 ...
Computers & Education. 54 (1): 265-274. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2009.08.009. Mebane, Minou; Porcelli, Rita; Iannone, Amalia; ... "Evaluation of the efficacy of collaborative learning in face-to-face and computer-supported university contexts". Computers in ... Getting Along Together in Schools: Strategies of Socio-affective Education from Nursery to Junior High School). Roma: Carocci ... Lang, Peter (1998). Affective Education in Europe. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. ix. Francescato, Donata. "Strengthening community ...
Computers & Education. 49 (3): 662-676. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2005.11.016. Liu, S.H.; Liao, H.L.; Pratt, J.A. "Impact of media ... Computers & Education. 52 (3): 599-607. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2008.11.002. Buller, David (August 1996). "Interpersonal ... A Media Richness Analysis of Varied Civic Education Modalities". Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 20 (5): 504-519. ... Studies have shown that mixed modality media (both rich and lean) can be useful in citizen education and engagement. Through ...
Computers & Education. 57 (1): 1255-1269. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.01.012. Carchiolo, Vincenza; Alessandro Longheu; Michelle ... MERLOT (Multimedia Education Resource for Learning and Online Teaching) at www.merlot.org is an online repository and ... In April, 2000, other systems and institutions of higher education were invited to join the MERLOT cooperative. In July, 2000, ... 2004). Online Education Using Learning Objects. London: RoutledgeFalmer. ISBN 0 4153 3512 4. Mishra, Sanjaya (March 2005). " ...
Computers & Education. 51 (2): 506-518. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2007.05.017. Woolley, Norman N.; Jarvis, Yvonne (January 2007). " ... Journal of Technology Education, 3; 1-11. Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind and society: The development of higher mental processes. ... As the apprentice becomes more skilled through the repetition of this process, the feedback and instruction provided by the ... Journal of Technology Education, 3; 1-11. McLellan, H. (1994). Situated learning: Continuing the conversation. Educational ...
Computers & Education. 57 (4): 2496. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.07.004. Broughton, Russell Alan (2007). Framework for plausible ... teaches on Computer Graphics and Image Processing and Advanced Computer Graphics and leads the Annual UK Schools Computer ... Toby L. J. Howard is a Reader in the School of Computer Science at the University of Manchester in the UK, and Director of ... Howard does research on Computer Graphics and Virtual Environments as a member of the Advanced Interfaces Group (AIG) and has ...
Computers & Education. Carpenter, Shana K; Olson, Kellie M (2012). "Are pictures good for learning new vocabulary in a foreign ... Health education materials can benefit greatly by adding pictures as pictures can be especially beneficial for people who lack ... Education (language learning): Learners can structure a mental model when processing a picture initially so that no further ... Levels of processing theory apply when words and pictures are compared under semantic study instructions (rate the pleasantness ...
Along with Kyle Peck, he developed the field of Computer Aided Instruction as distinguished from Computer Based Instruction. He ... Computers & Education. 56(2) 403-417 Polly, D., & Hannafin, M.J. (2010). Reexamining technology's role in learner-centred ... In M. Dupuis (Eds.) Issues in Teacher Education monograph series (pp. 37-61). (Division of Curriculum Instruction, College of ... instructional design and computer assisted instruction. In 1985 he joined the staff of Pennsylvania State University as ...
Computers & Education. 57 (1): 1292-1305. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.01.010. http://journals.sagepub.com.ezproxy.pvc.maricopa. ... Cookies can also have implications for computer forensics. In past years, most computer users were not completely aware of ... deleted cookies from their computer, and that 39% of users delete cookies from their computer every month. Since cookies are ... It has the ability to store cookies in over ten types of storage mechanisms so that once they are on one's computer they will ...
Computers & Education. Chen, G.; Chiu, M.M. (2008). "Online discussion processes". Computers and Education. Roberts, A.L. (2009 ... Computers and Education, 50, 678 - 692. Chiu, M. M., & Khoo, L. (2005). A new method for analyzing sequential processes: ... Computers & Education, 53(2), 330-342. Chiu, M. M. (2008). Effects of argumentation on group micro-creativity. Contemporary ... Education, 93(3), 223-231. Lou, Y., Others. (1996)."Within-Class Grouping: A eta-Analysis". Review of Educational Research. 66( ...
Computers; Religion; and Physical Education. International students are not required to study Polish Literature, Polish History ... Starting with the first grade, class sizes are limited. No more than eighteen (in reality there is no limit) students per class ... The marking system is as follows: Cumulative Grade Point Averages (GPA) are determined from academic classes only (i.e. English ... The overall student-to-teacher ratio is approximately 10:1. The Polish Ministry of Education; The Northwest Association of ...
Computers & Education. 72: 121-131. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2013.10.016. "Student use of recorded lectures - LSE Research Online ... and sends it to the viewer's computer on-demand. OpenCast is an open-source video capture system available in higher education ... "The use of lecture recordings in higher education: A review of institutional, student, and lecturer issues". Education and ... It is widely used in universities and higher education in the UK to provide support for students. 71% of institutions replying ...
concluded that "no one value of kappa can be regarded as universally acceptable." They also provide a computer program that ... Education. 46: 29-48. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2005.04.002. Uebersax, JS. (1987). "Diversity of decision-making models and the ... Still, its standard error has been described and is computed by various computer programs. If statistical significance is not a ... Strijbos, J.; Martens, R.; Prins, F.; Jochems, W. (2006). "Content analysis: What are they talking about?". Computers & ...
Computers & Education. 58 (2): 697-706. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.09.016. Rogowsky, Beth A.; Calhoun, Barbara M.; Tallal, ... Higher education: blending tradition and technology: proceedings of the 1995 Annual Conference of the Higher Education and ... Bad education: debunking myths in education. Maidenhead, UK; New York: Open University Press. pp. 215-230. ISBN 9780335246014. ... "personalized instruction" model of schooling. Six basic elements constitute the culture and context of personalized instruction ...
Computers & Education. 53 (1): 94-103. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2008.12.021. Retrieved 26 July 2017. "Participation, Interaction, ... The Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Conference 2013, Volume 2. Lulu.com. ISBN 9781483406671. Retrieved 26 July ... O'Malley, Claire (2009). Computer Support Collaborative Learining Practices: CSCL2009 Conference Prceedings. Lulu.com. ISBN ... Online discussion platforms can play a role in education.[self-published source?] In recent years, online discussion platform ...
Computers & Education. 58 (1): 470-489. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.08.030. Ali, L.; Asadi, M.; Gaševic, D.; Jovanovic, J.; ... As one of world's leading teaching and research institutions in education, psychology, and health, we are proud to offer an ... Baepler, P.; Murdoch, C. J. (2010). "Academic Analytics and Data Mining in Higher Education". International Journal for the ... Legal, Risk and Ethical Aspects of Analytics in Higher Education. Analytics Series. Accessed January 3, 2013. "Archived copy" ( ...
I know 2 ways : When my computer go on sleep mode and when someone write a message on my bot talkpage.. Do you know someone who ... I'm not sure if you guys are all aware of what's been happening at the cricket project, where a few single game first class ... Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 08:57, 23 April 2015 (UTC) ... Also, to stop receiving these messages, follow these opt-out instructions. Thanks, DPL bot (talk) 09:08, 3 May 2015 (UTC) ...
Does computer-assisted instruction + problem solving = improved science outcomes? a pioneer study. / Chang, Chun Yen. ... Does computer-assisted instruction + problem solving = improved science outcomes? a pioneer study. In: Journal of Educational ... Does computer-assisted instruction + problem solving = improved science outcomes? a pioneer study. Journal of Educational ... Chang, C. Y. (2002). Does computer-assisted instruction + problem solving = improved science outcomes? a pioneer study. Journal ...
This class will be graded on a point system. Assessments, lessons, and activities will be given a point value and percentage ... and more.The skills learned in this class will not only help students understand fundamental concepts for common computer ... Students will also be quizzed on the material that is taught during class in order to evaluate what they have and what they ... Students will be learning HTML, CSS and other Computer Technology related subjects through an online resource called Khan ...
Apple Computer Inc., Apollo Computer, Digital Equipment Corp., I.B.M., and Sun Microsystems Inc. have been involved in creating ... 2019 Editorial Projects in Education 6935 Arlington Road, Bethesda MD 20814 1-800-346-1834 (Main Office) 1-800-445-8250 ( ... But development of a similar system by computer firms, he noted, might resolve the incompatibility of hardware and software now ... Teams ideas for employing the powerful computers--which can perform calculations thousands of times faster than a personal ...
Allow Microsoft Education to assist with matching your needs to innovative solutions. ... Looking for the perfect computers and devices for your school? ... Search Search Microsoft in Education Cancel 0 Cart 0 items in ...
Allow Microsoft Education to assist with matching your needs to innovative solutions. ... Looking for the perfect computers and devices for your school? ... Our certified Microsoft Partners are experts in the education ... " ], "df_device_education_level": "[Higher Education]", "_df_device_education_level": [ "field_5c2e150d87ae5" ], "df_device ... " ], "df_device_education_level": "[Higher Education]", "_df_device_education_level": [ "field_5c2e150d87ae5" ], "df_device ...
Global Chinese Society for Computers in Education The Global Chinese Society for Computers in Education (GCSCE) aims to enhance ... The official journal of the Global Chinese Society for Computers in Education ... Focuses on research in technology-enhanced education and ways of transforming learning ...
Computers with comparison prices of the books you want from all the major online retailers. ... Bookwire offers the most complete list of books on Education / ... How Computers Put Our Childrens Education at Risk Author: ... How Computers Put Our Childrens Education at Risk Author: Armstrong, Alison Casement, Charles ISBN: 978-1-58904-005-2 Book ... Displaying 1- 20 of 22,124 results for keyword "Education / Computers " books Sort by: Relevance. Title. Date (Asc). Date (Desc ...
In celebration of Computer Science Education Week December 4-10, weve released a new Hour of Code challenge in Swift ... In celebration of Computer Science Education Week December 4-10, weve released a new Hour of Code challenge in Swift ... Host your own Hour of Code event in class or after school by using the Swift Playgrounds app and the Hour of Code Facilitator ... Host your own Hour of Code event in class or after school by using the Swift Playgrounds app and the Hour of Code Facilitator ...
CS Unplugged is a project that provides free games and activities to communicate Computer Science concepts to students of all ... Computer Science Field Guide: Computer Vision - Duration: 60 seconds.. UC Computer Science Education ... Computer Science Field Guide: Computer Graphics - Duration: 78 seconds.. UC Computer Science Education ... Computer Science Field Guide: Artificial Intelligence (extended video) - Duration: 4 minutes.. UC Computer Science Education ...
Patterson, D. A.; Ditzel, D. R. (October 1980). "The case for the reduced instruction set computer". SIGARCH Computer ... Complex instruction set computing (CISC /ˈsɪsk/) is a processor design, where single instructions can execute several low-level ... The term was retroactively coined in contrast to reduced instruction set computer (RISC)[1][2] and has therefore become ... Tanenbaum, Andrew S. (2006) Structured Computer Organization, Fifth Edition, Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ. ...
The use of computer vision in education helps educators analyze and understand the behavioral patterns of students to maximize ... The education sector is slowly but surely turning to technology to improve the quality of education imparted to students. ... Benefits of computer vision in education. The main advantage of computer vision in education is the ease and non- ... Concerns regarding the use of computer vision in education. The use of computer vision in education has been controversial and ...
Principals and superintendents underestimate how much support there is among parents for teaching K-12 computer science in ... Computer Science. "Searching for Computer Science: Access and Barriers in U.S. K-12 Education". ... The survey also shows that one-quarter of 7th to 12th graders reported having no access to a computer science class or club at ... among parents for computer science education. Yet 67 percent of parents said they thought students should be required to learn ...
The computer lab can get cluttered before you know it. See how Ms.Stockton enlists - and motivates - her students to keep ... Computer Class Organization. Suz Stockton, a business education teacher in Alabama. Found in: computer labs; computers and ... A computer lab can get cluttered in a hurry so I assign a Row Manager each day for each row of computers in the room. At the ... 1) Computers logged off. 2) Storage devices put away. 3) Paper off the floor. 4) Paper off the computer areas. 5) No books, ...
MIAMI (CN) - A federal class action claims that Carbonite sells computer backup services for $50 a year without telling ... he tried to transfer all of his files from an HP computer running Windows XP to an Acer computer with Windows Vista, which he ... He demands damages for breach of contract and fraudulent concealment, and want the "arbitration and no class action clauses" ... of computer users lose irreplaceable files. Dangers lurk around every corner - hard drive crashes, theft, power surges, natural ...
In the case of Computer Science, for example, the number of US students enrolled in introductory courses has grown three-fold ... The demand for education in STEM fields is exploding, and universities and colleges are straining to satisfy this demand. ... suggest new research directions in computer-aided education, inspire other researchers to work on these problems, and ... The demand for education in STEM fields is exploding, and universities and colleges are straining to satisfy this demand. In ...
Our computer classes have been developed to help even the most nervous person improve their confidence skills when using ... Our computer classes have been developed to help even the most nervous person improve their confidence skills when using ... Visit our activities calendar for more details about these classes or for more information contact us ...
... organized sets of computer instructions) that make a users computer do what needs to be done. Applications, such as those used ... Lesson 2 - Identifying the Benefits of Networks In the early days of the personal computer (PC), during the late 70s and early ... Just connecting computers to a network meant that some sort of similarity existed among them (or else the computers would not ... Computers increase your ability to communicate. Once you begin working with a computer, you are likely to become more ...
Technology Computers Education Literacy Disciplines: 4 assigned downloads, like Reading the Web, Second Edition: Strategies for ... Similar tags: computers • diane penrod • disciplines • education • elizabeth dobler • evaluation • general • language arts • ... Composition in Convergence: The Impact of New Media on Writing Assessment considers how technological forms--such as computers ...
Forums , Homework Help , Engineering and Computer Science Homework , * Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal ... A branch instruction is conditional. If some condition is met, program flow jumps to some other location. If the condition is ... I dont understand kind of program the instructions want Nov 22, 2017. ... not met, the next instruction is executed instead.. A jump, on the other hand, is not conditional.. - Warren ...
Gottlieb and Dmytri Kleiner of the artist group Telekommunisten together with the participants will dissect a desktop computer. ... Participants will learn whats inside a computer, what the major components do and how to put them back together as a working ... Gottlieb and Dmytri Kleiner of the artist group Telekommunisten together with the participants will dissect a desktop computer. ...
Several staff and students have won education awards from the University and SU Bath, recognising the Departments excellent ... Education Awards success for computer science staff and students. Several staff and students have won education awards from the ... I thank all my students for the privilege of being their Director of Studies and the partnership weve established in computer ...
Microsofts TEALS program pairs classroom teachers with computer science professionals. Wisconsin schools that have tried it ... He knew older computer programming languages such as BASIC and Pascal but very little about Java, the focus of the class. The ... The class is part of an effort sponsored by Microsoft called TEALS that aims to get more students taking computer science and ... During a recent class, students were reviewing for the AP exam by playing a computer science version of "Jeopardy." With the ...
This is done by me for school students who doesnt know the importance and or any basics of computers and technology who are in ... Importance and basics of computer education for school students * 1. Importance ,&, Basics of Computer education -For School ... Types of Computers By Size By Function By Usage * 14. T O Cs - By Size 1.Personal computer 2.Mini computer 3.Main frame 4. ... Chapter - 1 What is a computer Types of computers Generations of computers Applications ...
The use of computer animation in educational software like a computer-based learning (CBL) program is becoming a common ... Ideal for subject librarians, these databases span major subject areas including business, computer science, education, and ... The use of computer animation in educational software like a computer-based learning (CBL) program is becoming a common ... "Computer Animation." Encyclopedia of Distance Learning, edited by Caroline Howard, et al., IGI Global, 2005, pp. 323-330. http ...
Science, Computers & Technology › Education › International Trade. + Follow x Following x Following - Unfollow ... For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to ... Ransomware RegTech Age Discrimination Wage Theft Protection Class Actions The NLRB Chief Compliance Officers Non-Compete ... We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. ...
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