A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
A computer in a medical context is an electronic device that processes, stores, and retrieves data, often used in medical settings for tasks such as maintaining patient records, managing diagnostic images, and supporting clinical decision-making through software applications and tools.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
The electronic transmission of radiological images from one location to another for the purposes of interpretation and/or consultation. Users in different locations may simultaneously view images with greater access to secondary consultations and improved continuing education. (From American College of Radiology, ACR Standard for Teleradiology, 1994, p3)
The design or construction of objects greatly reduced in scale.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Writings having excellence of form or expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest. The body of written works produced in a particular language, country, or age. (Webster, 3d ed)
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.
A device that measures MUSCLE STRENGTH during muscle contraction, such as gripping, pushing, and pulling. It is used to evaluate the health status of muscle in sports medicine or physical therapy.
The performance of dissections, injections, surgery, etc., by the use of micromanipulators (attachments to a microscope) that manipulate tiny instruments.
The branch of applied psychology concerned with psychological aspects of selection, assignment, training, morale, etc., of Armed Forces personnel.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Behavior of LIGHT and its interactions with itself and materials.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
A management function in which standards and guidelines are developed for the development, maintenance, and handling of forms and records.
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.
Techniques using energy such as radio frequency, infrared light, laser light, visible light, or acoustic energy to transfer information without the use of wires, over both short and long distances.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
Computers in which quantities are represented by physical variables; problem parameters are translated into equivalent mechanical or electrical circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Imaging methods that result in sharp images of objects located on a chosen plane and blurred images located above or below the plane.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
The capacity of an organization, institution, or business to produce desired results with a minimum expenditure of energy, time, money, personnel, materiel, etc.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The period during a surgical operation.
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Institutions with permanent facilities and organized medical staff which provide the full range of hospital services primarily to a neighborhood area.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Force exerted when gripping or grasping.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.
(Note: I believe there might be some confusion in your question as "Pennsylvania" is a place, specifically a state in the United States, and not a medical term. However, if you're asking for a medical condition or concept that shares a name with the state of Pennsylvania, I couldn't find any specific medical conditions or concepts associated with the name "Pennsylvania." If you have more context or clarification regarding your question, please provide it so I can give a more accurate response.)
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
Self evaluation of whole blood glucose levels outside the clinical laboratory. A digital or battery-operated reflectance meter may be used. It has wide application in controlling unstable insulin-dependent diabetes.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.
Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Computers whose input, output and state transitions are carried out by biochemical interactions and reactions.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Text editing and storage functions using computer software.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.

Comparison of deferral rates using a computerized versus written blood donor questionnaire: a randomized, cross-over study [ISRCTN84429599]. (1/421)

BACKGROUND: Self-administered computer-assisted blood donor screening strategies may elicit more accurate responses and improve the screening process. METHODS: Randomized crossover trial comparing responses to questions on a computerized hand-held tool (HealthQuiz, or HQ), to responses on the standard written instrument (Donor Health Assessment Questionnaire, or DHAQ). Randomly selected donors at 133 blood donation clinics in the area of Hamilton, Canada participated from 1995 to 1996. Donors were randomized to complete either the HQ or the DHAQ first, followed by the other instrument. In addition to responses of 'yes' and 'no' on both questionnaires, the HQ provided a response option of 'not sure'. The primary outcome was the number of additional donors deferred by the HQ. RESULTS: A total of 1239 donors participated. Seventy-one potential donors were deferred as a result of responses to the questionnaires; 56.3% (40/71) were deferred by the DHAQ, and an additional 43.7% (31/71) were deferred due to risks identified by the HQ but not by the DHAQ. Fourteen donors self-deferred; 11 indicated on the HQ that they should not donate blood on that day but did not use the confidential self-exclusion option on the DHAQ, and three used the self-exclusion option on the DHAQ but did not indicate that they should not donate blood on the HQ. The HQ identified a blood contact or risk factor for HIV/AIDS or sexually transmitted infection that was not identified by the DHAQ in 0.1% to 2.7% of donors. CONCLUSION: A self-administered computerized questionnaire may increase risk reporting by blood donors.  (+info)

Infectious disease guides. For users of hand-held computers. (2/421)

The Sanford Guide is an independent, comprehensive authoritative reference on treatment of infectious disease . It can be difficult to navigate, and it costs $25 (US). The ePocrates ID program is smaller but is quicker to use. It also interfaces with a drug database. The ABX POC-IT Guide is well designed and includes antibiotic monographs but currently has the least extensive disease database of the three programs, and furthermore, it lacks pediatric data. All three programs appear to use evidence-based recommendations.  (+info)

Surgical procedure logging with use of a hand-held computer. (3/421)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of incorporating hand-held computing technology in a surgical residency program, by means of hand-held devices for surgical procedure logging linked through the Internet to a central database. SETTING: Division of General Surgery, University of Toronto. DESIGN: A survey of general surgery residents. METHODS: The 69 residents in the general surgery training program received hand-held computers with preinstalled medical programs and a program designed for surgical procedure logging. Procedural data were uploaded via the Internet to a central database. Survey data were collected regarding previous computer use as well as previous procedure logging methods. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Utilization of the procedure logging system. RESULTS: After a 5-month pilot period, 38% of surgical residents were using the procedure-logging program successfully and on a regular basis. Program use was higher among more junior trainees. Analysis of the database provided valuable information on individual trainees, hospital programs and supervising surgeons, data that would assist in program development. CONCLUSIONS: Hand-held devices can be implemented in a large division of general surgery to provide a reference database and a procedure-logging platform. However, user acceptance is not uniform and continued training and support are necessary to increase acceptance. The procedure database provides important information for optimizing trainees' educational experience.  (+info)

Open source handheld-based EMR for paramedics working in rural areas. (4/421)

We describe a handheld-based electronic medical record (EMR) for use in certain rural settings. The system is based on the Linux operating system and allows access to large mobile databases. The open source system is designed for paramedical health workers serving remote areas in rural India. A PDA loaded with the handheld-based EMR provides workers who have little access to medical doctors with different kinds of decision support and alerts. It addresses two important problems in developing countries: prenatal care and child health. This paper describes the technical challenges and innovation needed in the design, development, adaptation and implementation of the handheld EMR in a real setting in India  (+info)

The implementation of a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) based patient record and charting system: lessons learned. (5/421)

Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) offer many potential advantages to clinicians. A number of systems have begun to appear for all types of PDAs that allow for the recording and tracking of patient information. PDAs allow information to be both entered and accessed at the point of care. They also allow information entered away from a central repository to be added or "synced" with data through the use of a wireless or wired connection. Few systems, however, have been designed to work in the client/server environment. Even fewer have been designed as point of care additions to already existing enterprise systems. This paper describes the issues encountered in deploying such a system for use in the University of Washington Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The lessons learned could be applied to other institutions that will seek to add handheld technology to information systems in the future.  (+info)

Validation of electronic student encounter logs in an emergency medicine clerkship. (6/421)

Handheld electronic patient encounter logs offer opportunities to understand and enhance medical students' clinical experiences. Before using the data, the reliability of log entries needs to be verified. We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of handheld patient encounter logs by comparing documented entries with reliable external data sources. During an Emergency Medicine clerkship, medical students voluntarily recorded their patients' diagnoses in an Electronic Student Encounter Log (E-SEL) on handheld computers. We used patient demographics to match anonymous log entries with medical charts. Most students recorded 60% or more of their patient encounters and on average 60% of their patients' medical problems in the log. The false positive rate was 26% for patient encounters and 19% for patient problems. In general, students recorded more diagnoses in more detail than was available in the patient's ED chart. Improvements in the log's interface and documentation incentives should enhance the log's accuracy and utility.  (+info)

The USU medical PDA initiative: the PDA as an educational tool. (7/421)

A medical personal digital assistant (PDA) initiative for healthcare students began in 2000 at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU). The University issued PDAs to Graduate School of Nursing (GSN) and School of Medicine (SOM) students. These devices were used to provide clinical reference material to the students, to facilitate clinical experience log collection, and the normal organizer functions of a PDA. Both medical and graduate nursing students were surveyed both before and during clinical training to determine the perceived usefulness of the PDA. A quantitative approach was utilized to emphasize the measurable variables.  (+info)

Providing context-sensitive decision-support based on WHO guidelines. (8/421)

A decision support system was developed implementing the WHO guideline for diarrhea management. The decision-support system is integrated into a medical records application on a handheld computer. The system will be used by primary health care workers in rural India. The guideline was encoded as a set of chained rules in CLIPS format. To enhance adherence to guidelines, we use a model based on a context-adapted guideline to provide decision support at the point of care in a particular setting. The purpose of the system is to tailor the recommendations based on the patient's condition and the local factors such as resource availability in order to create feasible uniformity in a practice across different providers of care.  (+info)

Handheld computers, also known as personal digital assistants (PDAs) or pocket PCs, are portable devices that are designed to provide computing and information management capabilities in a compact and mobile form factor. These devices typically feature a touchscreen interface, allowing users to interact with the device using their fingers or a stylus.

Handheld computers are capable of performing various functions such as managing calendars, contacts, and tasks; browsing the web; sending and receiving emails; and running productivity applications like word processors and spreadsheets. They may also include features such as GPS navigation, digital cameras, and music players.

One of the key advantages of handheld computers is their portability, which makes them ideal for use in a variety of settings, including at home, in the office, or on the go. However, they typically have smaller screens and keyboards than larger laptops or desktop computers, which can make them less suitable for certain tasks that require more extensive typing or data entry.

Handheld computers are commonly used by healthcare professionals to manage patient information, access electronic medical records, and communicate with other healthcare providers. They may also be used in a variety of other industries, such as logistics, transportation, and field service, where mobile workers need to access and manage information while on the move.

A computer is a programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data. It is composed of several components including:

1. Hardware: The physical components of a computer such as the central processing unit (CPU), memory (RAM), storage devices (hard drive or solid-state drive), and input/output devices (monitor, keyboard, and mouse).
2. Software: The programs and instructions that are used to perform specific tasks on a computer. This includes operating systems, applications, and utilities.
3. Input: Devices or methods used to enter data into a computer, such as a keyboard, mouse, scanner, or digital camera.
4. Processing: The function of the CPU in executing instructions and performing calculations on data.
5. Output: The results of processing, which can be displayed on a monitor, printed on paper, or saved to a storage device.

Computers come in various forms and sizes, including desktop computers, laptops, tablets, and smartphones. They are used in a wide range of applications, from personal use for communication, entertainment, and productivity, to professional use in fields such as medicine, engineering, finance, and education.

"Attitude to Computers" is not a medical term or concept, but rather a social science or psychological one. It refers to an individual's feelings, beliefs, and behaviors towards computers and technology in general. This can include things like their comfort level using computers, their perception of the benefits and drawbacks of computer use, and their willingness to learn new technologies.

In some cases, a person's attitude towards computers may be influenced by factors such as their age, education level, work experience, and access to technology. For example, someone who grew up using computers and has had positive experiences with them is likely to have a more favorable attitude than someone who is not familiar with computers or has had negative experiences with them.

It's worth noting that attitudes towards computers can vary widely from person to person, and may change over time as technology evolves and becomes more integrated into daily life. Additionally, while an individual's attitude towards computers may not be a direct medical concern, it can have implications for their overall health and well-being, particularly in terms of their ability to access information, communicate with others, and participate in modern society.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Microcomputers" is not a term commonly used in medical definitions. Microcomputers are small computers with a microprocessor as the central processing unit. They are widely used in various settings, including healthcare, to perform tasks such as data management, analysis, and patient record keeping. However, the term itself does not have a specific medical connotation. If you have any questions related to technology use in healthcare, I'd be happy to try to help with those!

Computer peripherals are external devices that can be connected to a computer system to expand its functionality or capabilities. They are called "peripherals" because they are typically located on the periphery of the computer, as opposed to being built into the main computer case or chassis.

There are several types of computer peripherals, including:

1. Input devices: These are used to provide data and instructions to the computer. Examples include keyboards, mice, scanners, webcams, and microphones.
2. Output devices: These are used to communicate information from the computer to the user or to other external devices. Examples include monitors, printers, speakers, and projectors.
3. Storage devices: These are used to store data and programs on removable media. Examples include USB drives, external hard drives, CDs, and DVDs.
4. Communication devices: These are used to connect the computer to other networks or systems. Examples include modems, routers, network adapters, and wireless access points.
5. Input/output (I/O) devices: These are multifunctional devices that can serve as both input and output peripherals. Examples include touchscreens, digital tablets, and joysticks.

Overall, computer peripherals play a crucial role in enhancing the functionality and usability of computer systems for various applications.

Point-of-care (POC) systems refer to medical diagnostic tests or tools that are performed at or near the site where a patient receives care, such as in a doctor's office, clinic, or hospital room. These systems provide rapid and convenient results, allowing healthcare professionals to make immediate decisions regarding diagnosis, treatment, and management of a patient's condition.

POC systems can include various types of diagnostic tests, such as:

1. Lateral flow assays (LFAs): These are paper-based devices that use capillary action to detect the presence or absence of a target analyte in a sample. Examples include pregnancy tests and rapid strep throat tests.
2. Portable analyzers: These are compact devices used for measuring various parameters, such as blood glucose levels, coagulation status, or electrolytes, using small volumes of samples.
3. Imaging systems: Handheld ultrasound machines and portable X-ray devices fall under this category, providing real-time imaging at the point of care.
4. Monitoring devices: These include continuous glucose monitors, pulse oximeters, and blood pressure cuffs that provide real-time data to help manage patient conditions.

POC systems offer several advantages, such as reduced turnaround time for test results, decreased need for sample transportation, and increased patient satisfaction due to faster decision-making and treatment initiation. However, it is essential to ensure the accuracy and reliability of these tests by following proper testing procedures and interpreting results correctly.

Computer user training is the process of teaching individuals how to use computer software, hardware, and systems effectively and safely. This type of training can include a variety of topics, such as:

* Basic computer skills, such as using a mouse and keyboard
* Operating system fundamentals, including file management and navigation
* Application-specific training for software such as Microsoft Office or industry-specific programs
* Cybersecurity best practices to protect against online threats
* Data privacy and compliance regulations related to computer use

The goal of computer user training is to help individuals become proficient and confident in their ability to use technology to perform their job duties, communicate with others, and access information. Effective computer user training can lead to increased productivity, reduced errors, and improved job satisfaction.

A computer simulation is a process that involves creating a model of a real-world system or phenomenon on a computer and then using that model to run experiments and make predictions about how the system will behave under different conditions. In the medical field, computer simulations are used for a variety of purposes, including:

1. Training and education: Computer simulations can be used to create realistic virtual environments where medical students and professionals can practice their skills and learn new procedures without risk to actual patients. For example, surgeons may use simulation software to practice complex surgical techniques before performing them on real patients.
2. Research and development: Computer simulations can help medical researchers study the behavior of biological systems at a level of detail that would be difficult or impossible to achieve through experimental methods alone. By creating detailed models of cells, tissues, organs, or even entire organisms, researchers can use simulation software to explore how these systems function and how they respond to different stimuli.
3. Drug discovery and development: Computer simulations are an essential tool in modern drug discovery and development. By modeling the behavior of drugs at a molecular level, researchers can predict how they will interact with their targets in the body and identify potential side effects or toxicities. This information can help guide the design of new drugs and reduce the need for expensive and time-consuming clinical trials.
4. Personalized medicine: Computer simulations can be used to create personalized models of individual patients based on their unique genetic, physiological, and environmental characteristics. These models can then be used to predict how a patient will respond to different treatments and identify the most effective therapy for their specific condition.

Overall, computer simulations are a powerful tool in modern medicine, enabling researchers and clinicians to study complex systems and make predictions about how they will behave under a wide range of conditions. By providing insights into the behavior of biological systems at a level of detail that would be difficult or impossible to achieve through experimental methods alone, computer simulations are helping to advance our understanding of human health and disease.

I couldn't find a medical definition specific to "data display," but I can provide some information related to the visual representation of medical data.

In healthcare and research, data displays are graphical representations of data designed to facilitate understanding, communication, and interpretation of complex information. These visualizations can include various types of charts, graphs, tables, and infographics that present medical data in a more accessible and easily digestible format. Examples of data displays in a medical context may include:

1. Line graphs: Used to show trends over time, such as changes in a patient's vital signs or the progression of a disease.
2. Bar charts: Employed to compare categorical data, like the frequency of different symptoms across various patient groups.
3. Pie charts: Utilized to illustrate proportions or percentages of different categories within a whole, such as the distribution of causes of death in a population.
4. Scatter plots: Applied to display relationships between two continuous variables, like the correlation between age and blood pressure.
5. Heat maps: Used to represent density or intensity of data points across a two-dimensional space, often used for geographical data or large datasets with spatial components.
6. Forest plots: Commonly employed in systematic reviews and meta-analyses to display the effect sizes and confidence intervals of individual studies and overall estimates.
7. Flow diagrams: Used to illustrate diagnostic algorithms, treatment pathways, or patient flow through a healthcare system.
8. Icon arrays: Employed to represent risks or probabilities visually, often used in informed consent processes or shared decision-making tools.

These visual representations of medical data can aid in clinical decision-making, research, education, and communication between healthcare professionals, patients, and policymakers.

A cellular phone, also known as a mobile phone, is a portable device that uses wireless cellular networks to make and receive voice, video, and data communications. The term "cellular" refers to the way that the network is divided into small geographical areas, or cells, each served by a low-power transmitter/receiver. As a user moves from one cell to another, the phone automatically connects to the nearest cell site, allowing for uninterrupted communication as long as the user remains within the coverage area of the network.

Cellular phones typically use digital technology and operate on a variety of frequency bands, depending on the region and the specific carrier. They are equipped with a rechargeable battery, an antenna, a display screen, and a keypad or touchscreen interface for dialing numbers, sending messages, and accessing various features and applications.

Modern cellular phones offer a wide range of functions beyond basic voice communication, including text messaging, multimedia messaging, email, web browsing, social media, gaming, and photography. They may also include features such as GPS navigation, music players, and mobile payment systems. Some high-end models even serve as portable computing devices, with powerful processors, large memory capacities, and advanced software applications.

Teleradiology is a subspecialty of radiology that involves the transmission of medical images from one location to another for the purpose of interpretation and diagnosis by a radiologist. This technology allows radiologists to review and report on imaging studies, such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans, remotely using secure electronic communication systems.

Teleradiology has become increasingly important in modern healthcare, particularly in emergency situations where immediate interpretation of medical images is necessary. It also enables radiologists to provide specialized expertise for complex cases, regardless of their geographic location. The use of teleradiology must comply with all relevant regulations and laws regarding patient privacy and data security.

"Miniaturization" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in a broader context, it refers to the process of creating smaller versions of something, usually with the aim of improving functionality, efficiency, or ease of use. In medicine, this concept can be applied to various fields such as medical devices, surgical techniques, and diagnostic tools.

For instance, in interventional radiology, miniaturization refers to the development of smaller and less invasive catheters, wires, and other devices used during minimally invasive procedures. This allows for improved patient outcomes, reduced recovery time, and lower risks of complications compared to traditional open surgical procedures.

Similarly, in pathology, miniaturization can refer to the use of smaller tissue samples or biopsies for diagnostic testing, which can reduce the need for more invasive procedures while still providing accurate results.

Overall, while "miniaturization" is not a medical term per se, it reflects an ongoing trend in medicine towards developing more efficient and less invasive technologies and techniques to improve patient care.

Equipment design, in the medical context, refers to the process of creating and developing medical equipment and devices, such as surgical instruments, diagnostic machines, or assistive technologies. This process involves several stages, including:

1. Identifying user needs and requirements
2. Concept development and brainstorming
3. Prototyping and testing
4. Design for manufacturing and assembly
5. Safety and regulatory compliance
6. Verification and validation
7. Training and support

The goal of equipment design is to create safe, effective, and efficient medical devices that meet the needs of healthcare providers and patients while complying with relevant regulations and standards. The design process typically involves a multidisciplinary team of engineers, clinicians, designers, and researchers who work together to develop innovative solutions that improve patient care and outcomes.

I am not aware of a widely accepted medical definition for the term "software," as it is more commonly used in the context of computer science and technology. Software refers to programs, data, and instructions that are used by computers to perform various tasks. It does not have direct relevance to medical fields such as anatomy, physiology, or clinical practice. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help with those instead!

In the context of medicine, "literature" refers to scientific publications such as research articles, reviews, case reports, and clinical guidelines that report on or discuss clinical trials, experimental studies, epidemiological investigations, or other research related to medical conditions, treatments, interventions, and public health. These publications are typically peer-reviewed, meaning they have been evaluated by experts in the field for quality, accuracy, and relevance before being accepted for publication. Medical literature provides healthcare professionals with evidence-based information that can inform clinical decision making, improve patient care, and advance medical knowledge.

A Computerized Medical Record System (CMRS) is a digital version of a patient's paper chart. It contains all of the patient's medical history from multiple providers and can be shared securely between healthcare professionals. A CMRS includes a range of data such as demographics, progress notes, problems, medications, vital signs, past medical history, immunizations, laboratory data, and radiology reports. The system facilitates the storage, retrieval, and exchange of this information in an efficient manner, and can also provide decision support, alerts, reminders, and tools for performing data analysis and creating reports. It is designed to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of healthcare delivery by providing accurate, up-to-date, and comprehensive information about patients at the point of care.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "numismatics" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Numismatics is the study or collection of coins, tokens, and currency, including their history, design, and cultural significance. It is not a medical concept or diagnosis. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health concerns, I would be happy to try to help with those instead!

Computer literacy is the ability to use, understand, and create computer technology and software, including basic knowledge of computer hardware, operating systems, and common applications such as word processing, spreadsheets, and databases. It also includes an understanding of concepts related to the internet, email, and cybersecurity. Being computer literate means having the skills and knowledge necessary to effectively use computers for a variety of purposes, including communication, research, problem-solving, and productivity. It is an important skill in today's digital age and is often required for many jobs and educational programs.

A muscle strength dynamometer is a medical device used to measure the force or strength of a muscle or group of muscles. It typically consists of a handheld handle connected to a spring scale or digital force gauge, which measures the amount of force applied by the individual being tested. The person being tested pushes or pulls against the handle with as much force as possible, and the dynamometer provides an objective measurement of their muscle strength in units such as pounds or kilograms.

Muscle strength dynamometers are commonly used in clinical settings to assess muscle weakness or dysfunction, monitor changes in muscle strength over time, and evaluate the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions. They can be used to test various muscle groups, including the handgrip, quadriceps, hamstrings, biceps, triceps, and shoulder muscles.

When using a muscle strength dynamometer, it is important to follow standardized testing protocols to ensure accurate and reliable measurements. This may include positioning the individual in a specific way, providing standardized instructions, and averaging multiple trials to obtain an accurate measure of their muscle strength.

Micromanipulation is a term used in the field of medicine, specifically in assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). It refers to a technique that involves the manipulation of oocytes (human eggs), sperm, and/or embryos under a microscope using micromanipulative tools and equipment.

The most common form of micromanipulation is intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where a single sperm is selected and injected directly into the cytoplasm of an oocyte to facilitate fertilization. Other forms of micromanipulation include assisted hatching (AH), where a small opening is made in the zona pellucida (the protective layer surrounding the embryo) to help the embryo hatch and implant into the uterus, and embryo biopsy, which involves removing one or more cells from an embryo for genetic testing.

Micromanipulation requires specialized training and equipment and is typically performed in IVF laboratories by experienced embryologists. The goal of micromanipulation is to improve the chances of successful fertilization, implantation, and pregnancy, particularly in cases where conventional methods have been unsuccessful or when there are specific fertility issues, such as male factor infertility or genetic disorders.

Military psychology is a subfield of psychology that applies psychological principles and methods to address military-specific challenges related to the defense, optimization of individual and unit performance, prevention and treatment of mental health issues, and reintegration of service members into civilian life. It encompasses various areas such as clinical psychology, neuropsychology, social psychology, industrial-organizational psychology, and cognitive psychology. Professionals in military psychology may work in research, teaching, consultation, assessment, or treatment roles, and they often collaborate with other healthcare providers and military leaders to enhance the overall well-being and readiness of service members and their families.

In a medical context, documentation refers to the process of recording and maintaining written or electronic records of a patient's health status, medical history, treatment plans, medications, and other relevant information. The purpose of medical documentation is to provide clear and accurate communication among healthcare providers, to support clinical decision-making, to ensure continuity of care, to meet legal and regulatory requirements, and to facilitate research and quality improvement initiatives.

Medical documentation typically includes various types of records such as:

1. Patient's demographic information, including name, date of birth, gender, and contact details.
2. Medical history, including past illnesses, surgeries, allergies, and family medical history.
3. Physical examination findings, laboratory and diagnostic test results, and diagnoses.
4. Treatment plans, including medications, therapies, procedures, and follow-up care.
5. Progress notes, which document the patient's response to treatment and any changes in their condition over time.
6. Consultation notes, which record communication between healthcare providers regarding a patient's care.
7. Discharge summaries, which provide an overview of the patient's hospital stay, including diagnoses, treatments, and follow-up plans.

Medical documentation must be clear, concise, accurate, and timely, and it should adhere to legal and ethical standards. Healthcare providers are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of patients' medical records and ensuring that they are accessible only to authorized personnel.

Data collection in the medical context refers to the systematic gathering of information relevant to a specific research question or clinical situation. This process involves identifying and recording data elements, such as demographic characteristics, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory results, and imaging studies, from various sources including patient interviews, medical records, and diagnostic tests. The data collected is used to support clinical decision-making, inform research hypotheses, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. It is essential that data collection is performed in a standardized and unbiased manner to ensure the validity and reliability of the results.

Medical reference books are comprehensive and authoritative resources that provide detailed information about various aspects of medical science, diagnosis, treatment, and patient care. These books serve as a crucial source of knowledge for healthcare professionals, students, researchers, and educators in the medical field. They cover a wide range of topics including anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, clinical procedures, medical ethics, and public health issues.

Some common types of medical reference books are:

1. Textbooks: These are extensive resources that offer in-depth knowledge on specific medical subjects or general medical principles. They often contain illustrations, diagrams, and case studies to facilitate learning and understanding. Examples include Gray's Anatomy for detailed human anatomy or Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine for internal medicine.

2. Handbooks: These are compact and concise guides that focus on practical applications of medical knowledge. They are designed to be easily accessible and quickly referenced during patient care. Examples include the Merck Manual, which provides information on various diseases and their management, or the Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine for quick reference during clinical practice.

3. Formularies: These books contain detailed information about medications, including dosages, side effects, drug interactions, and contraindications. They help healthcare professionals make informed decisions when prescribing medications to patients. Examples include the British National Formulary (BNF) or the American Hospital Formulary Service (AHFS).

4. Atlases: These are visual resources that provide detailed illustrations or photographs of human anatomy, pathology, or medical procedures. They serve as valuable tools for learning and teaching medical concepts. Examples include Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy or Sabiston Textbook of Surgery.

5. Dictionaries: These reference books provide definitions and explanations of medical terms, abbreviations, and jargon. They help healthcare professionals and students understand complex medical language. Examples include Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary or Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

6. Directories: These resources list contact information for healthcare facilities, organizations, and professionals. They are useful for locating specific services or individuals within the medical community. Examples include the American Medical Association (AMA) Directory of Physicians or the National Provider Identifier (NPI) Registry.

7. Guidelines: These books provide evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice in various medical specialties. They help healthcare professionals make informed decisions when managing patient care. Examples include the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines or the American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines.

8. Research compendiums: These resources compile research articles, reviews, and meta-analyses on specific medical topics. They help healthcare professionals stay up-to-date with the latest scientific findings and advancements in their field. Examples include the Cochrane Library or the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

9. Case reports: These books present detailed accounts of individual patient cases, including symptoms, diagnoses, treatments, and outcomes. They serve as valuable learning tools for healthcare professionals and students. Examples include the Archives of Internal Medicine or the New England Journal of Medicine.

10. Ethics manuals: These resources provide guidance on ethical issues in medicine, such as informed consent, patient autonomy, and confidentiality. They help healthcare professionals navigate complex moral dilemmas in their practice. Examples include the American Medical Association (AMA) Code of Medical Ethics or the World Medical Association (WMA) Declaration of Geneva.

A computer system is a collection of hardware and software components that work together to perform specific tasks. This includes the physical components such as the central processing unit (CPU), memory, storage devices, and input/output devices, as well as the operating system and application software that run on the hardware. Computer systems can range from small, embedded systems found in appliances and devices, to large, complex networks of interconnected computers used for enterprise-level operations.

In a medical context, computer systems are often used for tasks such as storing and retrieving electronic health records (EHRs), managing patient scheduling and billing, performing diagnostic imaging and analysis, and delivering telemedicine services. These systems must adhere to strict regulatory standards, such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in the United States, to ensure the privacy and security of sensitive medical information.

Decision Support Systems (DSS), Clinical are interactive computer-based information systems that help health care professionals and patients make informed clinical decisions. These systems use patient-specific data and clinical knowledge to generate patient-centered recommendations. They are designed to augment the decision-making abilities of clinicians, providing evidence-based suggestions while allowing for the integration of professional expertise, patient preferences, and values. Clinical DSS can support various aspects of healthcare delivery, including diagnosis, treatment planning, resource allocation, and quality improvement. They may incorporate a range of technologies, such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and data analytics, to facilitate the processing and interpretation of complex clinical information.

Reproducibility of results in a medical context refers to the ability to obtain consistent and comparable findings when a particular experiment or study is repeated, either by the same researcher or by different researchers, following the same experimental protocol. It is an essential principle in scientific research that helps to ensure the validity and reliability of research findings.

In medical research, reproducibility of results is crucial for establishing the effectiveness and safety of new treatments, interventions, or diagnostic tools. It involves conducting well-designed studies with adequate sample sizes, appropriate statistical analyses, and transparent reporting of methods and findings to allow other researchers to replicate the study and confirm or refute the results.

The lack of reproducibility in medical research has become a significant concern in recent years, as several high-profile studies have failed to produce consistent findings when replicated by other researchers. This has led to increased scrutiny of research practices and a call for greater transparency, rigor, and standardization in the conduct and reporting of medical research.

"Optical processes" is not a specific medical term, but rather a general term that refers to various phenomena and techniques involving the use of light in physics and engineering, which can have applications in medicine. Here are some examples of optical processes that may be relevant to medical fields:

1. Optical imaging: This refers to the use of light to create images of structures within the body. Examples include endoscopy, microscopy, and ophthalmoscopy.
2. Optical spectroscopy: This involves analyzing the interaction between light and matter to identify the chemical composition or physical properties of a sample. It can be used in medical diagnostics to detect abnormalities in tissues or fluids.
3. Laser therapy: Lasers are highly concentrated beams of light that can be used for a variety of medical applications, including surgery, pain relief, and skin treatments.
4. Optogenetics: This is a technique that involves using light to control the activity of specific cells in living organisms. It has potential applications in neuroscience and other fields of medicine.
5. Photodynamic therapy: This is a treatment that uses light to activate a photosensitizing agent, which then produces a chemical reaction that can destroy abnormal cells or tissues.

Overall, optical processes are an important part of many medical technologies and techniques, enabling doctors and researchers to diagnose and treat diseases with greater precision and effectiveness.

Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) refers to the use of computer systems and technologies to assist and enhance surgical procedures. These systems can include a variety of tools such as imaging software, robotic systems, and navigation devices that help surgeons plan, guide, and perform surgeries with greater precision and accuracy.

In CAS, preoperative images such as CT scans or MRI images are used to create a three-dimensional model of the surgical site. This model can be used to plan the surgery, identify potential challenges, and determine the optimal approach. During the surgery, the surgeon can use the computer system to navigate and guide instruments with real-time feedback, allowing for more precise movements and reduced risk of complications.

Robotic systems can also be used in CAS to perform minimally invasive procedures with smaller incisions and faster recovery times. The surgeon controls the robotic arms from a console, allowing for greater range of motion and accuracy than traditional hand-held instruments.

Overall, computer-assisted surgery provides a number of benefits over traditional surgical techniques, including improved precision, reduced risk of complications, and faster recovery times for patients.

A computer terminal is a device that enables a user to interact with a computer system. It typically includes an input device, such as a keyboard or a mouse, and an output device, such as a monitor or a printer. A terminal may also include additional features, such as storage devices or network connections. In modern usage, the term "computer terminal" is often used to refer specifically to a device that provides text-based access to a computer system, as opposed to a graphical user interface (GUI). These text-based terminals are sometimes called "dumb terminals," because they rely on the computer system to perform most of the processing and only provide a simple interface for input and output. However, this term can be misleading, as many modern terminals are quite sophisticated and can include features such as advanced graphics capabilities or support for multimedia content.

Consumer satisfaction in a medical context refers to the degree to which a patient or their family is content with the healthcare services, products, or experiences they have received. It is a measure of how well the healthcare delivery aligns with the patient's expectations, needs, and preferences. Factors that contribute to consumer satisfaction may include the quality of care, communication and interpersonal skills of healthcare providers, accessibility and convenience, affordability, and outcomes. High consumer satisfaction is associated with better adherence to treatment plans, improved health outcomes, and higher patient loyalty.

Critical care, also known as intensive care, is a medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions that require close monitoring and organ support. Critical care medicine is practiced in critical care units (ICUs) or intensive care units of hospitals. The goal of critical care is to prevent further deterioration of the patient's condition, to support failing organs, and to treat any underlying conditions that may have caused the patient to become critically ill.

Critical care involves a multidisciplinary team approach, including intensivists (specialist doctors trained in critical care), nurses, respiratory therapists, pharmacists, and other healthcare professionals. The care provided in the ICU is highly specialized and often involves advanced medical technology such as mechanical ventilation, dialysis, and continuous renal replacement therapy.

Patients who require critical care may have a wide range of conditions, including severe infections, respiratory failure, cardiovascular instability, neurological emergencies, and multi-organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Critical care is an essential component of modern healthcare and has significantly improved the outcomes of critically ill patients.

Computer security, also known as cybersecurity, is the protection of computer systems and networks from theft, damage, or unauthorized access to their hardware, software, or electronic data. This can include a wide range of measures, such as:

* Using firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and other technical safeguards to prevent unauthorized access to a network
* Encrypting sensitive data to protect it from being intercepted or accessed by unauthorized parties
* Implementing strong password policies and using multi-factor authentication to verify the identity of users
* Regularly updating and patching software to fix known vulnerabilities
* Providing security awareness training to employees to help them understand the risks and best practices for protecting sensitive information
* Having a incident response plan in place to quickly and effectively respond to any potential security incidents.

The goal of computer security is to maintain the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of computer systems and data, in order to protect the privacy and safety of individuals and organizations.

"Forms and Records Control" is not a recognized medical term or concept. However, in a broader healthcare context, "Records Control" typically refers to the systematic management and maintenance of patient records to ensure their accuracy, confidentiality, and accessibility. This includes establishing policies and procedures for creating, storing, retrieving, using, and disposing of records in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

"Forms," on the other hand, are standardized documents used in healthcare settings to collect and record patient information. "Forms Control" may refer to the management and tracking of these forms to ensure they are up-to-date, compliant with relevant regulations, and accessible to authorized personnel. This can include developing and implementing processes for creating, revising, approving, distributing, and retiring healthcare forms.

In summary, "Forms and Records Control" in a healthcare context could be interpreted as the combined management of standardized forms used to collect patient information and the systematic maintenance of those records to ensure accuracy, confidentiality, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations.

"Religious hospitals" are healthcare institutions that are affiliated with or managed by a religious organization. These hospitals often incorporate their religious values and beliefs into the care they provide, which may influence their policies, practices, and ethical guidelines. They may also serve specific communities and offer spiritual support to patients and their families. It's important to note that while these hospitals have a religious affiliation, they are still held to the same standards of care as other healthcare institutions and must comply with relevant laws and regulations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Wireless Technology" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Wireless technology generally refers to the transmission of information over a distance without the use of electrical conductors or "wires." It encompasses a wide range of technologies, including cellular networks, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and various forms of telecommunication.

However, in a medical context, wireless technology can be used to refer to devices or systems that transmit patient data without the need for physical connections. For example, wireless pulse oximeters, blood glucose monitors, or cardiac event monitors. These devices use wireless technologies to send patient data to a remote monitoring station or to a healthcare provider's electronic health record system. This can provide more flexibility and mobility for patients, and can also improve the efficiency of healthcare delivery.

Equipment Failure Analysis is a process of identifying the cause of failure in medical equipment or devices. This involves a systematic examination and evaluation of the equipment, its components, and operational history to determine why it failed. The analysis may include physical inspection, chemical testing, and review of maintenance records, as well as assessment of design, manufacturing, and usage factors that may have contributed to the failure.

The goal of Equipment Failure Analysis is to identify the root cause of the failure, so that corrective actions can be taken to prevent similar failures in the future. This is important in medical settings to ensure patient safety and maintain the reliability and effectiveness of medical equipment.

A pharmacopoeia is a book or electronic resource that contains official standards and information regarding the quality, purity, composition, and testing of medicines, drugs, and other medical substances. It is used as a reference by healthcare professionals, pharmacists, and manufacturers to ensure the safety, efficacy, and consistency of medications.

Pharmacopoeias often include monographs for individual drugs, which specify their proper manufacturing process, dosage forms, and acceptable limits for impurities or degradation products. They may also provide guidelines for the preparation and compounding of medicinal formulations.

Pharmacopoeias are established and maintained by national or international organizations, such as the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), the European Pharmacopoeia (EP), and the British Pharmacopoeia (BP). These organizations regularly update their pharmacopoeias to reflect advances in medical research, new drug approvals, and changes in regulatory requirements.

In summary, a pharmacopoeia is an essential resource for maintaining the quality and safety of medicines and drugs, providing standardized guidelines and reference materials for healthcare professionals and manufacturers alike.

Internship: In medical terms, an internship is a supervised program of hospital-based training for physicians and surgeons who have recently graduated from medical school. The duration of an internship typically ranges from one to three years, during which the intern engages in a variety of clinical rotations in different departments such as internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, and neurology. The primary aim of an internship is to provide newly graduated doctors with hands-on experience in patient care, diagnosis, treatment planning, and communication skills under the close supervision of experienced physicians.

Residency: A residency is a structured and intensive postgraduate medical training program that typically lasts between three and seven years, depending on the specialty. Residents are licensed physicians who have completed their internship and are now receiving advanced training in a specific area of medicine or surgery. During this period, residents work closely with experienced attending physicians to gain comprehensive knowledge and skills in their chosen field. They are responsible for managing patient care, performing surgical procedures, interpreting diagnostic tests, conducting research, teaching medical students, and participating in continuing education activities. Residency programs aim to prepare physicians for independent practice and board certification in their specialty.

Analog computers are a type of computer that use continuously variable physical quantities to represent and manipulate information. Unlike digital computers, which represent data using discrete binary digits (0s and 1s), analog computers use physical quantities such as voltage, current, or mechanical position to represent information. This allows them to perform certain types of calculations and simulations more accurately and efficiently than digital computers, particularly for systems that involve continuous change or complex relationships between variables.

Analog computers were widely used in scientific and engineering applications before the advent of digital computers, but they have since been largely replaced by digital technology due to its greater flexibility, reliability, and ease of use. However, analog computers are still used in some specialized applications such as control systems for industrial processes, flight simulators, and musical instruments.

In summary, analog computers are a type of computer that use continuously variable physical quantities to represent and manipulate information, and they are still used in some specialized applications today.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Internet" is a term that pertains to the global network of interconnected computers and servers that enable the transmission and reception of data via the internet protocol (IP). It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer them for you!

A clinical clerkship is a phase of medical education where medical students participate in supervised direct patient care in a clinical setting as part of their training. It typically occurs during the third or fourth year of medical school and serves to provide students with practical experience in diagnosing and treating patients under the guidance of experienced physicians.

During a clinical clerkship, students work directly with patients in hospitals, clinics, or other healthcare facilities, taking medical histories, performing physical examinations, ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests, formulating treatment plans, and communicating with patients and their families. They may also participate in patient rounds, conferences, and other educational activities.

Clinical clerkships are designed to help students develop clinical skills, build confidence, and gain exposure to different medical specialties. They provide an opportunity for students to apply the knowledge and skills they have learned in the classroom to real-world situations, helping them to become competent and compassionate healthcare providers.

A Hospital Information System (HIS) is a comprehensive, integrated set of software solutions that support the management and operation of a hospital or healthcare facility. It typically includes various modules such as:

1. Electronic Health Record (EHR): A digital version of a patient's paper chart that contains all of their medical history from one or multiple providers.
2. Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE): A system that allows physicians to enter, modify, review, and communicate orders for tests, medications, and other treatments electronically.
3. Pharmacy Information System: A system that manages the medication use process, including ordering, dispensing, administering, and monitoring of medications.
4. Laboratory Information System (LIS): A system that automates and manages the laboratory testing process, from order entry to result reporting.
5. Radiology Information System (RIS): A system that manages medical imaging data, including scheduling, image acquisition, storage, and retrieval.
6. Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS): A system that stores, distributes, and displays medical images from various modalities such as X-ray, CT, MRI, etc.
7. Admission, Discharge, and Transfer (ADT) system: A system that manages patient registration, scheduling, and tracking of their progress through the hospital.
8. Financial Management System: A system that handles billing, coding, and reimbursement processes.
9. Materials Management System: A system that tracks inventory, supply chain, and logistics operations within a healthcare facility.
10. Nursing Documentation System: A system that supports the documentation of nursing care, including assessments, interventions, and outcomes.

These systems are designed to improve the efficiency, quality, and safety of patient care by facilitating communication, coordination, and data sharing among healthcare providers and departments.

A feasibility study is a preliminary investigation or analysis conducted to determine the viability of a proposed project, program, or product. In the medical field, feasibility studies are often conducted before implementing new treatments, procedures, equipment, or facilities. These studies help to assess the practicality and effectiveness of the proposed intervention, as well as its potential benefits and risks.

Feasibility studies in healthcare typically involve several steps:

1. Problem identification: Clearly define the problem that the proposed project, program, or product aims to address.
2. Objectives setting: Establish specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) objectives for the study.
3. Literature review: Conduct a thorough review of existing research and best practices related to the proposed intervention.
4. Methodology development: Design a methodology for data collection and analysis that will help answer the research questions and achieve the study's objectives.
5. Resource assessment: Evaluate the availability and adequacy of resources, including personnel, time, and finances, required to carry out the proposed intervention.
6. Risk assessment: Identify potential risks and challenges associated with the implementation of the proposed intervention and develop strategies to mitigate them.
7. Cost-benefit analysis: Estimate the costs and benefits of the proposed intervention, including direct and indirect costs, as well as short-term and long-term benefits.
8. Stakeholder engagement: Engage relevant stakeholders, such as patients, healthcare providers, administrators, and policymakers, to gather their input and support for the proposed intervention.
9. Decision-making: Based on the findings of the feasibility study, make an informed decision about whether or not to proceed with the proposed project, program, or product.

Feasibility studies are essential in healthcare as they help ensure that resources are allocated efficiently and effectively, and that interventions are evidence-based, safe, and beneficial for patients.

A physician is a healthcare professional who practices medicine, providing medical care and treatment to patients. Physicians may specialize in various fields of medicine, such as internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, psychiatry, or radiology, among others. They are responsible for diagnosing and treating illnesses, injuries, and disorders; prescribing medications; ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests; providing counseling and education to patients; and collaborating with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care. Physicians may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, private practices, and academic medical centers. To become a physician, one must complete a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree program and pass licensing exams to practice medicine in their state.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive imaging technique that uses low-coherence light to capture high-resolution cross-sectional images of biological tissues, particularly the retina and other ocular structures. OCT works by measuring the echo time delay of light scattered back from different depths within the tissue, creating a detailed map of the tissue's structure. This technique is widely used in ophthalmology to diagnose and monitor various eye conditions such as macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma.

A User-Computer Interface (also known as Human-Computer Interaction) refers to the point at which a person (user) interacts with a computer system. This can include both hardware and software components, such as keyboards, mice, touchscreens, and graphical user interfaces (GUIs). The design of the user-computer interface is crucial in determining the usability and accessibility of a computer system for the user. A well-designed interface should be intuitive, efficient, and easy to use, minimizing the cognitive load on the user and allowing them to effectively accomplish their tasks.

I apologize, but "video recording" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It generally refers to the process of capturing and storing moving visual images on electronic media, which is used in various medical fields for different purposes such as surgical training, telemedicine consultations, or monitoring patient conditions. However, there is no unique medical meaning associated with this term.

A transducer is a device that converts one form of energy into another. In the context of medicine and biology, transducers often refer to devices that convert a physiological parameter (such as blood pressure, temperature, or sound waves) into an electrical signal that can be measured and analyzed. Examples of medical transducers include:

1. Blood pressure transducer: Converts the mechanical force exerted by blood on the walls of an artery into an electrical signal.
2. Temperature transducer: Converts temperature changes into electrical signals.
3. ECG transducer (electrocardiogram): Converts the electrical activity of the heart into a visual representation called an electrocardiogram.
4. Ultrasound transducer: Uses sound waves to create images of internal organs and structures.
5. Piezoelectric transducer: Generates an electric charge when subjected to pressure or vibration, used in various medical devices such as hearing aids, accelerometers, and pressure sensors.

Tomography is a medical imaging technique used to produce cross-sectional images or slices of specific areas of the body. This technique uses various forms of radiation (X-rays, gamma rays) or sound waves (ultrasound) to create detailed images of the internal structures, such as organs, bones, and tissues. Common types of tomography include Computerized Tomography (CT), Positron Emission Tomography (PET), and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The primary advantage of tomography is its ability to provide clear and detailed images of internal structures, allowing healthcare professionals to accurately diagnose and monitor a wide range of medical conditions.

Computer-assisted diagnosis (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the diagnostic process. It involves the use of advanced algorithms and data analysis techniques to analyze medical images, laboratory results, and other patient data to help healthcare professionals make more accurate and timely diagnoses. CAD systems can help identify patterns and anomalies that may be difficult for humans to detect, and they can provide second opinions and flag potential errors or uncertainties in the diagnostic process.

CAD systems are often used in conjunction with traditional diagnostic methods, such as physical examinations and patient interviews, to provide a more comprehensive assessment of a patient's health. They are commonly used in radiology, pathology, cardiology, and other medical specialties where imaging or laboratory tests play a key role in the diagnostic process.

While CAD systems can be very helpful in the diagnostic process, they are not infallible and should always be used as a tool to support, rather than replace, the expertise of trained healthcare professionals. It's important for medical professionals to use their clinical judgment and experience when interpreting CAD results and making final diagnoses.

Organizational efficiency is a management concept that refers to the ability of an organization to produce the desired output with minimal waste of resources such as time, money, and labor. It involves optimizing processes, structures, and systems within the organization to achieve its goals in the most effective and efficient manner possible. This can be achieved through various means, including the implementation of best practices, the use of technology to automate and streamline processes, and the continuous improvement of skills and knowledge among employees. Ultimately, organizational efficiency is about creating value for stakeholders while minimizing waste and maximizing returns on investment.

Computer communication networks (CCN) refer to the interconnected systems or groups of computers that are able to communicate and share resources and information with each other. These networks may be composed of multiple interconnected devices, including computers, servers, switches, routers, and other hardware components. The connections between these devices can be established through various types of media, such as wired Ethernet cables or wireless Wi-Fi signals.

CCNs enable the sharing of data, applications, and services among users and devices, and they are essential for supporting modern digital communication and collaboration. Some common examples of CCNs include local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and the Internet. These networks can be designed and implemented in various topologies, such as star, ring, bus, mesh, and tree configurations, to meet the specific needs and requirements of different organizations and applications.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

The "attitude of health personnel" refers to the overall disposition, behavior, and approach that healthcare professionals exhibit towards their patients or clients. This encompasses various aspects such as:

1. Interpersonal skills: The ability to communicate effectively, listen actively, and build rapport with patients.
2. Professionalism: Adherence to ethical principles, confidentiality, and maintaining a non-judgmental attitude.
3. Compassion and empathy: Showing genuine concern for the patient's well-being and understanding their feelings and experiences.
4. Cultural sensitivity: Respecting and acknowledging the cultural backgrounds, beliefs, and values of patients.
5. Competence: Demonstrating knowledge, skills, and expertise in providing healthcare services.
6. Collaboration: Working together with other healthcare professionals to ensure comprehensive care for the patient.
7. Patient-centeredness: Focusing on the individual needs, preferences, and goals of the patient in the decision-making process.
8. Commitment to continuous learning and improvement: Staying updated with the latest developments in the field and seeking opportunities to enhance one's skills and knowledge.

A positive attitude of health personnel contributes significantly to patient satisfaction, adherence to treatment plans, and overall healthcare outcomes.

The intraoperative period is the phase of surgical treatment that refers to the time during which the surgery is being performed. It begins when the anesthesia is administered and the patient is prepared for the operation, and it ends when the surgery is completed, the anesthesia is discontinued, and the patient is transferred to the recovery room or intensive care unit (ICU).

During the intraoperative period, the surgical team, including surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses, and other healthcare professionals, work together to carry out the surgical procedure safely and effectively. The anesthesiologist monitors the patient's vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and body temperature, throughout the surgery to ensure that the patient remains stable and does not experience any complications.

The surgeon performs the operation, using various surgical techniques and instruments to achieve the desired outcome. The surgical team also takes measures to prevent infection, control bleeding, and manage pain during and after the surgery.

Overall, the intraoperative period is a critical phase of surgical treatment that requires close collaboration and communication among members of the healthcare team to ensure the best possible outcomes for the patient.

Facility design and construction in a medical context refers to the process of planning, designing, and building healthcare facilities such as hospitals, clinics, medical offices, and other healthcare-related structures. This encompasses all aspects of creating a functional and efficient healthcare environment, including architectural design, interior layout, engineering systems, equipment planning, and construction management. The goal is to create a safe, comfortable, and healing space that meets the needs of patients, staff, and visitors while also complying with relevant building codes, regulations, and standards.

Computer graphics is the field of study and practice related to creating images and visual content using computer technology. It involves various techniques, algorithms, and tools for generating, manipulating, and rendering digital images and models. These can include 2D and 3D modeling, animation, rendering, visualization, and image processing. Computer graphics is used in a wide range of applications, including video games, movies, scientific simulations, medical imaging, architectural design, and data visualization.

Community hospitals are healthcare facilities that provide a range of medical services to the local population in a given geographic area. They are typically smaller than major teaching or tertiary care hospitals and offer a more personalized level of care. The services provided by community hospitals may include general medical, surgical, obstetrical, and pediatric care, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic services such as laboratory testing, imaging, and rehabilitation.

Community hospitals often play an important role in providing access to healthcare for underserved populations and may offer specialized programs to address the specific health needs of the communities they serve. They may also collaborate with other healthcare providers, such as primary care physicians, specialists, and long-term care facilities, to provide coordinated care and improve outcomes for patients.

Overall, community hospitals are an essential component of the healthcare system and play a vital role in providing high-quality, accessible care to local populations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pilot projects" is not a medical term per se. Instead, it is a general term used in various fields, including healthcare and medicine, to describe a small-scale initiative that is implemented on a temporary basis to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, or impact before deciding whether to expand or continue it.

In the context of healthcare, pilot projects might involve testing new treatment protocols, implementing innovative care models, or introducing technology solutions in a limited setting to assess their potential benefits and drawbacks. The results of these projects can help inform decisions about broader implementation and provide valuable insights for improving the quality and efficiency of healthcare services.

Hand strength refers to the measure of force or power that an individual can generate using the muscles of the hand and forearm. It is often assessed through various tests, such as grip strength dynamometry, which measures the maximum force exerted by the hand when squeezing a device called a handgrip dynanometer. Hand strength is important for performing daily activities, maintaining independence, and can be indicative of overall health and well-being. Reduced hand strength may be associated with conditions such as neuromuscular disorders, arthritis, or injuries.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

Ocular tonometry is a medical test used to measure the pressure inside the eye, also known as intraocular pressure (IOP). This test is an essential part of diagnosing and monitoring glaucoma, a group of eye conditions that can cause vision loss and blindness due to damage to the optic nerve from high IOP.

The most common method of ocular tonometry involves using a tonometer device that gently touches the front surface of the eye (cornea) with a small probe or prism. The device measures the amount of force required to flatten the cornea slightly, which correlates with the pressure inside the eye. Other methods of ocular tonometry include applanation tonometry, which uses a small amount of fluorescein dye and a blue light to measure the IOP, and rebound tonometry, which uses a lightweight probe that briefly touches the cornea and then bounces back to determine the IOP.

Regular ocular tonometry is important for detecting glaucoma early and preventing vision loss. It is typically performed during routine eye exams and may be recommended more frequently for individuals at higher risk of developing glaucoma, such as those with a family history of the condition or certain medical conditions like diabetes.

In the context of healthcare, "Information Services" typically refers to the department or system within a healthcare organization that is responsible for managing and providing various forms of information to support clinical, administrative, and research functions. This can include:

1. Clinical Information Systems: These are electronic systems that help clinicians manage and access patient health information, such as electronic health records (EHRs), computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems, and clinical decision support systems.

2. Administrative Information Systems: These are electronic systems used to manage administrative tasks, such as scheduling appointments, billing, and maintaining patient registries.

3. Research Information Services: These provide support for research activities, including data management, analysis, and reporting. They may also include bioinformatics services that deal with the collection, storage, analysis, and dissemination of genomic and proteomic data.

4. Health Information Exchange (HIE): This is a system or service that enables the sharing of clinical information between different healthcare organizations and providers.

5. Telemedicine Services: These allow remote diagnosis and treatment of patients using telecommunications technology.

6. Patient Portals: Secure online websites that give patients convenient, 24-hour access to their personal health information.

7. Data Analytics: The process of examining data sets to draw conclusions about the information they contain, often with the intention of predicting future trends or behaviors.

8. Knowledge Management: The process of identifying, capturing, organizing, storing, and sharing information and expertise within an organization.

The primary goal of healthcare Information Services is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of patient care by providing timely, accurate, and relevant information to the right people in the right format.

Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) is a type of educational technology that involves the use of computers to deliver, support, and enhance learning experiences. In a medical context, CAI can be used to teach a variety of topics, including anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and clinical skills.

CAI typically involves interactive multimedia presentations, simulations, quizzes, and other activities that engage learners and provide feedback on their performance. It may also include adaptive learning systems that adjust the content and pace of instruction based on the learner's abilities and progress.

CAI has been shown to be effective in improving knowledge retention, critical thinking skills, and learner satisfaction in medical education. It can be used as a standalone teaching method or in combination with traditional classroom instruction or clinical experiences.

Sensitivity and specificity are statistical measures used to describe the performance of a diagnostic test or screening tool in identifying true positive and true negative results.

* Sensitivity refers to the proportion of people who have a particular condition (true positives) who are correctly identified by the test. It is also known as the "true positive rate" or "recall." A highly sensitive test will identify most or all of the people with the condition, but may also produce more false positives.
* Specificity refers to the proportion of people who do not have a particular condition (true negatives) who are correctly identified by the test. It is also known as the "true negative rate." A highly specific test will identify most or all of the people without the condition, but may also produce more false negatives.

In medical testing, both sensitivity and specificity are important considerations when evaluating a diagnostic test. High sensitivity is desirable for screening tests that aim to identify as many cases of a condition as possible, while high specificity is desirable for confirmatory tests that aim to rule out the condition in people who do not have it.

It's worth noting that sensitivity and specificity are often influenced by factors such as the prevalence of the condition in the population being tested, the threshold used to define a positive result, and the reliability and validity of the test itself. Therefore, it's important to consider these factors when interpreting the results of a diagnostic test.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "minicomputers" is not a term that has a medical definition. The term "minicomputer" comes from the field of computer engineering and refers to a class of computers that are smaller and less expensive than mainframe computers, but more powerful and capable than microcomputers or personal computers. They were widely used in the 1960s and 1970s in various industries for tasks such as process control, data acquisition, and small-scale scientific calculations.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health sciences, I'd be happy to help!

Medical records are organized, detailed collections of information about a patient's health history, including their symptoms, diagnoses, treatments, medications, test results, and any other relevant data. These records are created and maintained by healthcare professionals during the course of providing medical care and serve as an essential tool for continuity, communication, and decision-making in healthcare. They may exist in paper form, electronic health records (EHRs), or a combination of both. Medical records also play a critical role in research, quality improvement, public health, reimbursement, and legal proceedings.

Family practice, also known as family medicine, is a medical specialty that provides comprehensive and continuous care to patients of all ages, genders, and stages of life. Family physicians are trained to provide a wide range of services, including preventive care, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses, management of complex medical conditions, and providing health education and counseling.

Family practice emphasizes the importance of building long-term relationships with patients and their families, and takes into account the physical, emotional, social, and psychological factors that influence a person's health. Family physicians often serve as the primary point of contact for patients within the healthcare system, coordinating care with other specialists and healthcare providers as needed.

Family practice is a broad and diverse field, encompassing various areas such as pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, geriatrics, and behavioral health. The goal of family practice is to provide high-quality, patient-centered care that meets the unique needs and preferences of each individual patient and their family.

'Information Storage and Retrieval' in the context of medical informatics refers to the processes and systems used for the recording, storing, organizing, protecting, and retrieving electronic health information (e.g., patient records, clinical data, medical images) for various purposes such as diagnosis, treatment planning, research, and education. This may involve the use of electronic health record (EHR) systems, databases, data warehouses, and other digital technologies that enable healthcare providers to access and share accurate, up-to-date, and relevant information about a patient's health status, medical history, and care plan. The goal is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and coordination of healthcare delivery by providing timely and evidence-based information to support clinical decision-making and patient engagement.

Computer-assisted signal processing is a medical term that refers to the use of computer algorithms and software to analyze, interpret, and extract meaningful information from biological signals. These signals can include physiological data such as electrocardiogram (ECG) waves, electromyography (EMG) signals, electroencephalography (EEG) readings, or medical images.

The goal of computer-assisted signal processing is to automate the analysis of these complex signals and extract relevant features that can be used for diagnostic, monitoring, or therapeutic purposes. This process typically involves several steps, including:

1. Signal acquisition: Collecting raw data from sensors or medical devices.
2. Preprocessing: Cleaning and filtering the data to remove noise and artifacts.
3. Feature extraction: Identifying and quantifying relevant features in the signal, such as peaks, troughs, or patterns.
4. Analysis: Applying statistical or machine learning algorithms to interpret the extracted features and make predictions about the underlying physiological state.
5. Visualization: Presenting the results in a clear and intuitive way for clinicians to review and use.

Computer-assisted signal processing has numerous applications in healthcare, including:

* Diagnosing and monitoring cardiac arrhythmias or other heart conditions using ECG signals.
* Assessing muscle activity and function using EMG signals.
* Monitoring brain activity and diagnosing neurological disorders using EEG readings.
* Analyzing medical images to detect abnormalities, such as tumors or fractures.

Overall, computer-assisted signal processing is a powerful tool for improving the accuracy and efficiency of medical diagnosis and monitoring, enabling clinicians to make more informed decisions about patient care.

Muscle strength, in a medical context, refers to the amount of force a muscle or group of muscles can produce during contraction. It is the maximum amount of force that a muscle can generate through its full range of motion and is often measured in units of force such as pounds or newtons. Muscle strength is an important component of physical function and mobility, and it can be assessed through various tests, including manual muscle testing, dynamometry, and isokinetic testing. Factors that can affect muscle strength include age, sex, body composition, injury, disease, and physical activity level.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Pennsylvania" is not a medical term or concept. It is a state located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. If you have any questions related to medical topics, I would be happy to help answer those!

In the field of medical imaging, "phantoms" refer to physical objects that are specially designed and used for calibration, quality control, and evaluation of imaging systems. These phantoms contain materials with known properties, such as attenuation coefficients or spatial resolution, which allow for standardized measurement and comparison of imaging parameters across different machines and settings.

Imaging phantoms can take various forms depending on the modality of imaging. For example, in computed tomography (CT), a common type of phantom is the "water-equivalent phantom," which contains materials with similar X-ray attenuation properties as water. This allows for consistent measurement of CT dose and image quality. In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), phantoms may contain materials with specific relaxation times or magnetic susceptibilities, enabling assessment of signal-to-noise ratio, spatial resolution, and other imaging parameters.

By using these standardized objects, healthcare professionals can ensure the accuracy, consistency, and reliability of medical images, ultimately contributing to improved patient care and safety.

"Diffusion of Innovation" is a theory that describes how new ideas, products, or methods spread within a population or society. It was first introduced by Everett M. Rogers in his book "Diffusion of Innovations" in 1962. The theory explains the process and factors that influence the adoption and implementation of an innovation over time.

The diffusion of innovation model includes five stages:

1. Knowledge: Individuals become aware of the innovation but lack further information about it.
2. Persuasion: Individuals form a positive or negative opinion about the innovation and consider adopting it.
3. Decision: Individuals decide whether to adopt or reject the innovation.
4. Implementation: Individuals put the innovation into practice.
5. Confirmation: Individuals seek reinforcement of their decision to continue using the innovation or, in some cases, to reverse their decision and abandon it.

The theory also identifies five categories of adopters based on their willingness to adopt an innovation:

1. Innovators: Those who are willing to take risks and try new ideas early on.
2. Early Adopters: Those who have social networks, respect, and influence and are opinion leaders in their communities.
3. Early Majority: Those who deliberate before adopting an innovation but eventually adopt it.
4. Late Majority: Those who are skeptical about the innovation and only adopt it when it becomes mainstream or necessary.
5. Laggards: Those who resist change and are the last to adopt an innovation.

In medical contexts, diffusion of innovation theory can be applied to understand how new treatments, drugs, or medical devices spread within healthcare systems and communities. It can help healthcare professionals and policymakers develop strategies to promote evidence-based practices and improve patient outcomes.

Blood glucose self-monitoring is the regular measurement of blood glucose levels performed by individuals with diabetes to manage their condition. This process involves using a portable device, such as a glucometer or continuous glucose monitor (CGM), to measure the amount of glucose present in a small sample of blood, usually obtained through a fingerstick.

The primary purpose of self-monitoring is to help individuals with diabetes understand how various factors, such as food intake, physical activity, medication, and stress, affect their blood glucose levels. By tracking these patterns, they can make informed decisions about adjusting their diet, exercise, or medication regimens to maintain optimal glycemic control and reduce the risk of long-term complications associated with diabetes.

Self-monitoring is an essential component of diabetes self-management and education, enabling individuals to take an active role in their healthcare. Regular monitoring also allows healthcare professionals to assess a patient's adherence to their treatment plan and make necessary adjustments based on the data collected.

An algorithm is not a medical term, but rather a concept from computer science and mathematics. In the context of medicine, algorithms are often used to describe step-by-step procedures for diagnosing or managing medical conditions. These procedures typically involve a series of rules or decision points that help healthcare professionals make informed decisions about patient care.

For example, an algorithm for diagnosing a particular type of heart disease might involve taking a patient's medical history, performing a physical exam, ordering certain diagnostic tests, and interpreting the results in a specific way. By following this algorithm, healthcare professionals can ensure that they are using a consistent and evidence-based approach to making a diagnosis.

Algorithms can also be used to guide treatment decisions. For instance, an algorithm for managing diabetes might involve setting target blood sugar levels, recommending certain medications or lifestyle changes based on the patient's individual needs, and monitoring the patient's response to treatment over time.

Overall, algorithms are valuable tools in medicine because they help standardize clinical decision-making and ensure that patients receive high-quality care based on the latest scientific evidence.

Internal Medicine is a medical specialty that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of internal diseases affecting adults. It encompasses a wide range of medical conditions, including those related to the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, hematological, endocrine, infectious, and immune systems. Internists, or general internists, are trained to provide comprehensive care for adult patients, managing both simple and complex diseases, and often serving as primary care physicians. They may also subspecialize in various fields such as cardiology, gastroenterology, nephrology, or infectious disease, among others.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Geographic Information Systems" (GIS) is not a medical term. GIS is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data. It can be used in various fields, including public health and epidemiology, to map and analyze the spread of diseases, identify environmental risk factors, plan health services delivery, and inform evidence-based decision making.

A "University Hospital" is a type of hospital that is often affiliated with a medical school or university. These hospitals serve as major teaching institutions where medical students, residents, and fellows receive their training and education. They are equipped with advanced medical technology and resources to provide specialized and tertiary care services. University hospitals also conduct research and clinical trials to advance medical knowledge and practices. Additionally, they often treat complex and rare cases and provide a wide range of medical services to the community.

In the context of medicine and healthcare, "movement" refers to the act or process of changing physical location or position. It involves the contraction and relaxation of muscles, which allows for the joints to move and the body to be in motion. Movement can also refer to the ability of a patient to move a specific body part or limb, which is assessed during physical examinations. Additionally, "movement" can describe the progression or spread of a disease within the body.

In the context of healthcare, an Information System (IS) is a set of components that work together to collect, process, store, and distribute health information. This can include hardware, software, data, people, and procedures that are used to create, process, and communicate information.

Healthcare IS support various functions within a healthcare organization, such as:

1. Clinical information systems: These systems support clinical workflows and decision-making by providing access to patient records, order entry, results reporting, and medication administration records.
2. Financial information systems: These systems manage financial transactions, including billing, claims processing, and revenue cycle management.
3. Administrative information systems: These systems support administrative functions, such as scheduling appointments, managing patient registration, and tracking patient flow.
4. Public health information systems: These systems collect, analyze, and disseminate public health data to support disease surveillance, outbreak investigation, and population health management.

Healthcare IS must comply with various regulations, including the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), which governs the privacy and security of protected health information (PHI). Effective implementation and use of healthcare IS can improve patient care, reduce errors, and increase efficiency within healthcare organizations.

In medical terms, a hand is the part of the human body that is attached to the forearm and consists of the carpus (wrist), metacarpus, and phalanges. It is made up of 27 bones, along with muscles, tendons, ligaments, and other soft tissues. The hand is a highly specialized organ that is capable of performing a wide range of complex movements and functions, including grasping, holding, manipulating objects, and communicating through gestures. It is also richly innervated with sensory receptors that provide information about touch, temperature, pain, and proprioception (the sense of the position and movement of body parts).

Diagnostic imaging is a medical specialty that uses various technologies to produce visual representations of the internal structures and functioning of the body. These images are used to diagnose injury, disease, or other abnormalities and to monitor the effectiveness of treatment. Common modalities of diagnostic imaging include:

1. Radiography (X-ray): Uses ionizing radiation to produce detailed images of bones, teeth, and some organs.
2. Computed Tomography (CT) Scan: Combines X-ray technology with computer processing to create cross-sectional images of the body.
3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to generate detailed images of soft tissues, organs, and bones.
4. Ultrasound: Employs high-frequency sound waves to produce real-time images of internal structures, often used for obstetrics and gynecology.
5. Nuclear Medicine: Involves the administration of radioactive tracers to assess organ function or detect abnormalities within the body.
6. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan: Uses a small amount of radioactive material to produce detailed images of metabolic activity in the body, often used for cancer detection and monitoring treatment response.
7. Fluoroscopy: Utilizes continuous X-ray imaging to observe moving structures or processes within the body, such as swallowing studies or angiography.

Diagnostic imaging plays a crucial role in modern medicine, allowing healthcare providers to make informed decisions about patient care and treatment plans.

Electric impedance is a measure of opposition to the flow of alternating current (AC) in an electrical circuit or component, caused by both resistance (ohmic) and reactance (capacitive and inductive). It is expressed as a complex number, with the real part representing resistance and the imaginary part representing reactance. The unit of electric impedance is the ohm (Ω).

In the context of medical devices, electric impedance may be used to measure various physiological parameters, such as tissue conductivity or fluid composition. For example, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) uses electrical impedance to estimate body composition, including fat mass and lean muscle mass. Similarly, electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a medical imaging technique that uses electric impedance to create images of internal organs and tissues.

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical laws to living structures and systems, particularly in the field of medicine and healthcare. A biomechanical phenomenon refers to a observable event or occurrence that involves the interaction of biological tissues or systems with mechanical forces. These phenomena can be studied at various levels, from the molecular and cellular level to the tissue, organ, and whole-body level.

Examples of biomechanical phenomena include:

1. The way that bones and muscles work together to produce movement (known as joint kinematics).
2. The mechanical behavior of biological tissues such as bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments under various loads and stresses.
3. The response of cells and tissues to mechanical stimuli, such as the way that bone tissue adapts to changes in loading conditions (known as Wolff's law).
4. The biomechanics of injury and disease processes, such as the mechanisms of joint injury or the development of osteoarthritis.
5. The use of mechanical devices and interventions to treat medical conditions, such as orthopedic implants or assistive devices for mobility impairments.

Understanding biomechanical phenomena is essential for developing effective treatments and prevention strategies for a wide range of medical conditions, from musculoskeletal injuries to neurological disorders.

Molecular computers are a hypothetical concept in the field of computer science and nanotechnology, which involve the use of molecular-scale devices to perform computational operations. The idea is to create systems that can manipulate individual molecules or groups of molecules to process information, similar to how traditional computers use silicon-based transistors to process digital data.

The field of molecular computing is still in its infancy, and significant scientific and engineering challenges must be overcome before practical applications can be realized. However, researchers are actively exploring the potential of molecular computers for a variety of applications, including medical diagnostics, drug discovery, and environmental monitoring.

In summary, molecular computers refer to hypothetical computing devices that operate at the molecular scale, with the potential to revolutionize various fields, including medicine, once developed and perfected.

"Focus groups" is a term from the field of social science research, rather than medicine. It does not have a specific medical definition. However, focus groups are sometimes used in medical research to gather data and insights from a small group of people on a specific topic or product. This can include gathering feedback on patient experiences, testing prototypes of medical devices or treatments, or exploring attitudes and perceptions related to health issues. The goal is to gain a deeper understanding of the perspectives and needs of the target population through facilitated group discussion.

Automatic Data Processing (ADP) is not a medical term, but a general business term that refers to the use of computers and software to automate and streamline administrative tasks and processes. In a medical context, ADP may be used in healthcare settings to manage electronic health records (EHRs), billing and coding, insurance claims processing, and other data-intensive tasks.

The goal of using ADP in healthcare is to improve efficiency, accuracy, and timeliness of administrative processes, while reducing costs and errors associated with manual data entry and management. By automating these tasks, healthcare providers can focus more on patient care and less on paperwork, ultimately improving the quality of care delivered to patients.

"Word processing" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It generally refers to the use of computer software to create, edit, format and save written text documents. Examples of word processing programs include Microsoft Word, Google Docs, and Apple Pages. While there may be medical transcriptionists who use word processing software as part of their job duties to transcribe medical records or reports, the term itself is not a medical definition.

Image enhancement in the medical context refers to the process of improving the quality and clarity of medical images, such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound images, to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. Image enhancement techniques may include adjusting contrast, brightness, or sharpness; removing noise or artifacts; or applying specialized algorithms to highlight specific features or structures within the image.

The goal of image enhancement is to provide clinicians with more accurate and detailed information about a patient's anatomy or physiology, which can help inform medical decision-making and improve patient outcomes.

Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is a statistical technique used to compare the means of two or more groups and determine whether there are any significant differences between them. It is a way to analyze the variance in a dataset to determine whether the variability between groups is greater than the variability within groups, which can indicate that the groups are significantly different from one another.

ANOVA is based on the concept of partitioning the total variance in a dataset into two components: variance due to differences between group means (also known as "between-group variance") and variance due to differences within each group (also known as "within-group variance"). By comparing these two sources of variance, ANOVA can help researchers determine whether any observed differences between groups are statistically significant, or whether they could have occurred by chance.

ANOVA is a widely used technique in many areas of research, including biology, psychology, engineering, and business. It is often used to compare the means of two or more experimental groups, such as a treatment group and a control group, to determine whether the treatment had a significant effect. ANOVA can also be used to compare the means of different populations or subgroups within a population, to identify any differences that may exist between them.

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It will [...] appear on your computer screen, [...] on your TV set [...] your car dashboard [...] your cell phone [...] hand- ... "Computer Pioneers - Christopher Strachey". history.computer.org. Retrieved January 23, 2020. "Computer - Time-sharing, ... Computer science was an emerging discipline in the late 1950s that began to consider time-sharing between computer users, and ... Computers and modems Early fixed-program computers in the 1940s were operated manually by entering small programs via switches ...
"Computer and Videogames". May 1992. p. 20. supplement: "Hand-Held Go!". {{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires ,magazine= ( ... It was licensed to Atari Corporation for the Lynx handheld system. The game is a sequel to Crystal Mines for the Nintendo ...
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Forster, Winnie (2005). The Encyclopedia of Game.Machines: Consoles, Handhelds, and Home Computers 1972-2005. Magdalena ... The list of handheld game consoles documents notable handheld game consoles released as commercial products. Handheld game ... "Playdate's tiny hand-held with a crank is big on charm". "Playdate, a new handheld console backed by indie royalty, unveiled in ... Handhelds, and Home Computers 1972-2005. Magdalena Gniatczynska. p. 53. ISBN 3-0001-5359-4. Jason Scott (January 26, 1984). " ...
Alienware ALX Desktop Computer 4. Samsung M40 5. NYSE Wireless Handheld Computer 6. ASUS VENTO 3600 DESKTOP PC 7. Airport ...
"Summing up the HP 33s" (pdf). Handheld and Portable Computer Club. Retrieved 2013-07-11. "Consumer Electronics: Calculator". ...
A Texas Instruments cc2431 is used as a wireless interface (802.15.4 wireless supported). "OSWALD Hand-held Computer - Trac". ... open source learning platform developed by students of the Oregon State University to allow undergraduate students of computer ...
Marshall, Ian (2002-09-08). "Grandstand Munchman". Retro Computer Gallery. Retrieved 2011-09-28. Grandstand Munchman Handheld ... Of all the electronic hand-helds to have at school in the early 1980s, the Grandstand Munchman was the king at my school ... "Tomy Pac Man (A.k.a. Puck Man, Munch Man)". Handheld Games Museum. Retrieved 2011-09-28. a weak version of Bally/Midway's Pac ... Handheld electronic games, Video games about food and drink, Video games developed in the United Kingdom). ...
Wright, Gene (May 2011). "The HP 35s" (PDF). Handheld and Portable Computer Club. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2013-09- ... In contrast to the usual computer-science terminology, RPN calculators such as this refer to the operational end of the stack ... Shortcomings which have been identified include the lack of any facility for communication with a computer (for loading and ...
The computer delivery affords measurement of science knowledge, processes, and skills not able to be assessed in other modes. ... hand-held digital devices; and other technologies for accessing, creating, and communicating information and for facilitating ... The 2011 writing assessment was the first to be fully computer-based. In 2009, ICTs were administered as part of the paper-and- ... Technology-Based Assessment project was designed to explore the use of technology, especially the use of the computer as a tool ...
However, the project was abandoned two years later; instead Windows CE was released in the form of "Handheld PCs" in 1996. That ... Comparison of tablet computers History of tablet computers Lists of mobile computers Mobile device "Definition of: tablet ... Acorn Computers developed and delivered an ARM-based touch screen tablet computer for this program, branding it the "NewsPad"; ... The Next Generation featured tablet computers which were designated as PADDs, notable for (as with most computers in the show) ...
Pictures and info about the Game Pocket Computer Other handheld games made by Epoch More pictures and info for the Game Pocket ... "1984 Game Pocket Computer and Cartridges". Miniarcade.com. "30 Years of Handheld Game Systems". PCWorld. Retrieved 19 May 2022 ... The Epoch Game Pocket Computer (Japanese: ゲームポケコン, Hepburn: Gēmupokekon) is a second-generation handheld game console released ... "Game Pocket Computer by Epoch - The Video Game Kraken". videogamekraken. Retrieved 2020-06-14. "Epoch Game Pocket Computer". ...
Roschelle, J., & Pea, R. (2002). A walk on the WILD side: How wireless handhelds may change computer-supported collaborative ... Zurita G. (2004). A constructivist mobile learning environment supported by a wireless handheld network. Journal of Computer ... Although students may use personal computers to participate in discussion boards, computer-based discussions do not offer ... Networked handhelds can be used to mediate collaborative group decision-making for science problems. Students in a high-school ...
M32: A mortar ballistics computer, (handheld). M1: A ballistics computer for M1 Abrams main battle tanks. The Battery Computer ... M21: A ballistics computer for M60A3 tanks. M23: A mortar ballistics computer. M26: A fire-control computer for AH-1 Cobra ... COMPUTERS FOR SOLVING GUNNERY PROBLEMS". Electronic Computers Within The Ordnance Corps, Computers for Solving Gunnery Problems ... The gun data computer was a series of artillery computers used by the U.S. Army for coastal artillery, field artillery and anti ...
Keiser, Joe (August 2, 2006). "The Century's Top 50 Handheld Games". Next Generation. Archived from the original on October 10 ... 2021CESAゲーム白書 (2021 CESA Games White Papers). Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association. 2021. ISBN 978-4-902346-43-5. ... Nintendo of Europe pushed to make The Minish Cap its handheld Christmas "killer app". Conversely, Nintendo of America held back ...
... an early handheld computer, in appearance resembling a pocket calculator with an alphanumeric computer keyboard. In 1986, the ... Psion PLC was a designer and manufacturer of mobile handheld computers for commercial and industrial uses. The company was ... "Motorola Omnii XT15 Mobile Handheld Computer". barcodesinc.com. Barcodes, Inc. "Psion EP10 Specifications Sheet [English]" (PDF ... Although this project was one of the earliest attempts to port Linux to a handheld computer, it did not come to fruition for ...
Keiser, Joe (August 2, 2006). "The Century's Top 50 Handheld Games". Next Generation. Archived from the original on October 10 ... 2021CESAゲーム白書 (2021 CESA Games White Papers). Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association. 2021. ISBN 978-4-902346-43-5. " ...
3, 2005). "Handheld Computer Yet to Reach the Masses". Associated Press. Swami Manohar (Nov. 2005) High Return Computing BBC ... Similar in appearance to the PalmPilot class of handheld computers, the touch sensitive screen is operated on with a stylus; ... The Simputer was a self-contained, open hardware Linux-based handheld computer, first released in 2002. Developed in, and ... The word "Simputer" is an acronym for "simple, inexpensive and multilingual people's computer", and is a trademark of the ...
Retrieved October 6, 2016.(subscription required) Keiser, Joe (August 2, 2006). "The Century's Top 50 Handheld Games". Next ... 2021CESAゲーム白書 (2021 CESA Games White Papers). Computer Entertainment Supplier's Association. 2021. ISBN 978-4-902346-43-5. " ...
"Computers, Tablets & Handhelds , Panasonic North America - United States". "Rugged Laptops - Official Panasonic Toughbook ... The computer also features a spill-resistant keyboard (up 6 ounces). The Toughbook CF-C2 weighs 3.99 pounds and has a built-in ... The Toughbook CF-H2 is a fully rugged handheld tablet PC. It has a sealed all-weather design and a magnesium alloy chassis ... "CF-LX3 - Computer Product Solutions , Panasonic Business". business.panasonic.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2014-10-16 ...
... later renamed and released as the Super Micro and distributed under the Home Computer Software name, is a handheld game console ... Handheld game consoles, Handheld electronic games, Discontinued handheld game consoles, Second-generation video game consoles, ... Home Computer Software showcased three games they were publishing, Kids Say The Darnest Things To Computers, Plaqueman, and Pro ... Seeing the success of the Nintendo handhelds, the company began importing other handhelds like the Tri-Screen Time & Fun series ...
Computer History Museum. Retrieved 18 December 2008. Handheld archive search results [S]. Handheld Remakes. Retrieved 18 ... The Speak & Spell line is a series of electronic hand-held child computers by Texas Instruments that consisted of a TMC0280 ... The Speak & Spell is also featured in the Game On exhibition as an example of a handheld video game. The Speak & Spell has ... Computer World. May 1981. Beck. The Information. 3 October 2006. Coldplay. "Talk (Thin White Duke Mix)". 12-19-05 Limp Bizkit ...
Mossberg, Walter S.; Boehret, Katherine (June 26, 2007). "The iPhone Is a Breakthrough Handheld Computer". The Mossberg ... This is more apparent in countries which ban both handheld and hands-free usage, rather than those which ban handheld use only ... A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device, such as a smartphone. The term "app" is a short-form of ... In other countries, including the UK and France, and in many US states, calling is only banned on handheld phones, while hands- ...
Handheld Computers in Computers & Software. See store ratings and reviews and find the best prices on PDA & Handheld Computers ... PDA & Handheld Computers with PriceGrabbers shopping search engine. ... Shopping for the best deal on PDA & Handheld Computers PDA & Handheld Computers - Select a product below or see other matches ...
... - Dec 17, 2001 - Two Technologies Inc ... "hand held" package. Like our other hand held computers, this powerful device is designed with the rugged construction necessary ... Hand-Held Computer provides real-time control.. Two Technologies Inc Dec 17, 2001 ... announces the latest edition to our family of affordable ROM-DOS® based, rugged hand held computers, the PCL-486. Building on ...
LXE MX7CS461COSS6 The MX7CS computer is engineered with intelligence, speed, and flexibility. Driven by a Windows CE operating ... LXE MX7CS Mobile Computer. Part Details: MX7CS, Wireless Cold-Storage Handheld Computer (Lorax, 128MB SDRAM, 128MB Flash, Stay ... Recommended Accessories for Model: LXE MX7CS Mobile Computer * Harvard Battery Battery Part #: HBM-MX7MLL , SKU: HAR190945 ... Recommended Warranties for Model: LXE MX7CS Mobile Computer * Honeywell MX7CS Service Contract Part #: SVCMX7CS-5FC3 , SKU: ...
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Hand Held Products introduces its new Dolphin Mobile Computer. ... Hand Held Products introduces its new Dolphin Mobile Computer. ... The computer also has an integrated pistol-grip handle and large upward-angled color display for easy viewing while scanning ...
... evolution of handheld spoken phrase translation systems extending to a limited bidirectional phrase translation system between ... Development of Phrase Translation Systems for Handheld Computers: from Concept to Field. ... Development of phrase translation systems for handheld computers: from concept to field. In INTERSPEECH. ... We describe the development and conceptual evolution of handheld spoken phrase translation systems, beginning with an initial ...
... newest M1000 data-capture unit is a rugged handheld computer about the size of a mobile phone that is designed for retail and ... Home » M1000 Data-Capture Handheld Computer. Press releases are provided by companies as is and have not been edited or checked ... DAP Technologies newest M1000 data-capture unit is a rugged handheld computer about the size of a mobile phone that is ...
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Explore all accessories developed for our rugged handheld devices. ... The Handheld Story Management Careers Financial General Terms of Sale Quality & Environment Contact Handheld Part of. ... Copyright © 2023 Handheld Group. All rights reserved. Images, texts and other material downloaded from the Handheld web pages ... Algiz® and Nautiz® are registered trademarks of Handheld Group AB. l Privacy Policy l Device Policy l GDPR l Legal ...
... lightweight M4000 series handheld computer suited for warehouse applications, offers modular upgrade path. ... Mobile Handheld Computer Designed for Tough Environments. DAP Technologies new, lightweight M4000 series handheld computer ... a smaller handheld computer with similar functionality, modularity and ruggedness. The M2000 and M4000 series computers are ... Rugged, powerful, and lightweight, DAP Technologies newest M4000 series handheld computer has the additional advantage of ...
Handheld rugged computers - highly capable, portable devices that can be configured to your needs. ... Acerca de Handheld. La historia de Handheld Dirección y Junta Directiva Carreras Finanzas Condiciones generales de venta ... Rugged handheld computers deliver a unique set of capabilities that make everything from high-level management to parts ... The common denominator: Handheld rugged computers - highly capable, portable devices that can be configured to your needs, ...
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The handheld termination aid reduces the effort required for terminations and helps to terminate all modular connectors and ... The handheld termination aid reduces the effort required for terminations and helps to terminate all modular connectors and ... The handheld termination aid reduces the effort required for terminations and helps to terminate all modular connectors and ...
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NASDAQ:XPLR) announced today that it is introducing a 6" handheld computer to its expanding rugged mobility portfolio: the ... Xplore Unveils The M60, Its First Rugged, Ultra-Mobile Android Handheld Computer. ... The handhelds built-in NFC and optional one-touch barcode scanning technology improves the speed and accuracy of picking, ... "We are very excited about our first entry in the rugged handheld space. The initial customer response has been very positive, ...
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recently released the Catcher, a hand-held portable computer (802.11 g antenna) built for the enterprise and first responder ... recently released the Catcher, a hand-held portable computer built for the enterprise and first responder markets. The 5.8 ... recently released the Catcher, a hand-held portable computer built for the enterprise and first responder markets. ... Universities distribute hand-helds to students. August 2006. Mobile Radio Technology. mrtmag.com ...
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  • In 2007, Honeywell acquired Handheld Products to broaden their scanner and mobility portfolio. (barcodesinc.com)
  • Built on Honeywell':s Mobility Edge platform, the Dolphin CT40 mobile computer offers an extended product lifecycle that is upgradeable across five generations of Android, providing a lower overall TCO and maximizing return on customer investment. (honeywell.com)
  • The Mobility Edge advanced enterprise lifecycle tools allow companies to test and validate applications once: accelerate deployments across the enterprise: optimize device performance: simplify software updates, training, and maintenance: and extend overall product lifecycle.Compatible with a broad range of Honeywell connected applications, third-party software, and a comprehensive portfolio of accessories, the Dolphin CT40 mobile computer is more than just a hardware device. (honeywell.com)
  • Workforce mobility demands are evolving, and customers have been asking Xplore for a high-quality, high-performance rugged Android handheld device to complement their existing tablet-based mobile solutions. (datacollectiononline.com)
  • The Memor 10 is one of the first rugged mobile computers to be validated by Google for the Android Enterprise Recommended for rugged mobile devices. (itplanet.com)
  • With a choice of Windows Embedded or Android Operating Systems, the Skorpio X4 mobile computer delivers the ultimate in ergonomics, intuitive user interface, and data capture technologies, combined with best-in-class ruggedness. (itplanet.com)
  • Chainway C4050 is an Android-based rugged Handheld Computer. (itssa.io)
  • Mobile computing options include batch mode mobile computers, wireless mobile computers (WLAN and WWAN models available), Android, Windows Mobile, Windows CE, and Linux-based, with 1d or 2d scanning capabilities. (datacapturesolutions.com)
  • The Skorpio X4 is equipped with the largest high-visibility color graphics display (3.2 inch) in its class, the mobile computer helps users work more efficiently. (itplanet.com)
  • Like our other hand held computers, this powerful device is designed with the rugged construction necessary for industrial and commercial use. (thomasnet.com)
  • Upgrade your device protection with new GDS® Tech™ and IntelliSkin® for Zebra's rugged line of Handheld Computers. (rammount.com)
  • They also have gun-grip handhelds that are equipped with a pre-license of Wavelink Terminal Emulation, which powers your workers' productivity regardless of the device platform that you deploy. (itplanet.com)
  • Das IBM Wireless Handheld Device ist ein speziell entwickelter, kleiner batteriebetriebener Computer, der von Börsenmaklern zur Verwaltung und Überwachung von Aktientransaktionen auf dem Börsenparkett der New Yorker Börse verwendet wird. (ifdesign.com)
  • Discover all the benefits of switching to GDS® Tech™ for Zebra Handhelds below. (rammount.com)
  • When not in-use, charge up to six IntelliSkin®-wrapped Zebra handheld computers with one multi-port charging dock. (rammount.com)
  • Heating elements built-in to the vehicle docks provide the necessary heat required to prevent pogo pins from locking up, allowing your Zebra handheld computer to charge and operate in wet and freezing environments like cold storage warehousing. (rammount.com)
  • At only 0.81 lb (369g), the M60 is an ideal option for workers who require real-time access to specialized enterprise applications and data, but demand fewer computing capabilities than what are delivered in Xplore's larger tablet and 2-in-1 computers. (datacollectiononline.com)
  • The GHMX7-Li is a replacement for the LXE MX7 Mobile Computers. (barcodediscount.com)
  • By investing in HandHeld Productss scanners and mobile computers , our customers are able to reduce costs, improve service, and position their companies for future growth. (barcodesinc.com)
  • Not only does Xplore offer a broad portfolio of genuinely rugged mobile computers - and a complete accessory ecosystem - but the company's award-winning tablets, handhelds and 2-in-1 laptops are among the fastest and longest lasting in their class, built to withstand nearly any hazardous condition or environmental extreme for years without fail. (datacollectiononline.com)
  • The enterprise-grade power, security flexibility, and versatility of Xplore's rugged mobile computers make it easy for industrial, enterprise, government, and field service organizations to scale mobile workflows and boost mobile worker efficiency while working in the office, vehicle, and field. (datacollectiononline.com)
  • Because the MC3000, MC3100 and many other Motorola mobile computers share a common architectural platform, porting existing applications to the MC3100 is fast and easy. (amlabels.co.uk)
  • Mobile computers (also known as wireless barcode scanners or portable data terminals) come in numerous designs and form factors to meet a variety of ergonomic needs for different jobs and situations. (datacapturesolutions.com)
  • The common denominator: Handheld rugged computers - highly capable, portable devices that can be configured to your needs, provide instant communication in a variety of ways, will last all day in the field, and can get the work done in virtually any conditions you find yourself in. (handheldgroup.com)
  • On a local-government level, mobile computing technology is a great way to ensure strong ROI for smaller budgets - because Handheld devices can do so many different things. (handheldgroup.com)
  • The MDM/EMM-certified rugged handheld utilizes a number of built-in wireless technologies to expedite data and voice communications between the field and office, including those required to remotely manage, upgrade and lock down devices. (datacollectiononline.com)
  • Sunnyvale, Calif., July 17 - Trimble (Nasdaq: TRMB) introduced today its most versatile and feature-packed rugged mobile devices to date - the Nomad(TM) series of handheld computers. (amerisurv.com)
  • We are specialists in customising these units to run 40+ language translation software applications to provide handheld pocket mutlilingual communication and interpretation devices with dictionaries, translators, foreign language spoken phrasebooks with vpice recognition software. (bmsoftware.co.uk)
  • Moreover, the object-based learning for overcoming this gap is hard to apply to handheld devices due to its computational overhead. (univagora.ro)
  • And even though digital fulfillment is growing, more than 90% of retail sales today still happen in a brick and mortar store -: making it imperative for enterprises to empower associates and highly mobile workers with mobile devices allowing them to seamlessly speed and improve the customer experience.Introducing the Dolphin CT40 mobile computer. (honeywell.com)
  • Computers are useful devices for processing electrical signals from various sources, such as ECG for detection of heart dysrhythmias and EEG for analysis and detection of spike and sharp waves that can sometimes be missed by the neurologist. (medscape.com)
  • Mount a rugged handheld within a military vehicle, and remove it when you need to hit the ground. (handheldgroup.com)
  • This short summary of the Palm Tungsten T5 + Carkit + charging system + TomTom navigator software handheld mobile computer 320 x 480 pixels 145 g data-sheet is auto-generated and uses the product title and the first six key specs. (icecat.nl)
  • This is an auto-generated long summary of Palm Tungsten T5 + Carkit + charging system + TomTom navigator software handheld mobile computer 320 x 480 pixels 145 g based on the first three specs of the first five spec groups. (icecat.nl)
  • Hand Held Products introduces its new Dolphin Mobile Computer. (risnews.com)
  • HandHeld Products offers the industry's best value and backs it up with expert, personalized service from start to finish. (barcodesinc.com)
  • For a free consultation on a Handheld Products scanner or mobile computer, or to request a quantity discount, call one of our experts. (barcodesinc.com)
  • In addition, these types of accessories can be great for increasing the productivity of a handheld computer user. (l-tron.com)
  • The CK65 mobile computer boosts supply chain productivity by accelerating and error-proofing work in distribution centers and manufacturing. (dealcenterllc.com)
  • The industry's most advanced ultra-rugged mobile computer that's ready for the toughest DC environments and the broadest range of workflows, the CK65 is designed to maximize worker productivity and minimize TCO. (dealcenterllc.com)
  • In addition to its standard built-in features and range of options, the Nomad handheld computer offers top-of-the-line performance with a 5200 mAh rechargeable lithium ion battery, up to 1 GB of Flash memory and a daylight-visible VGA touch screen display. (amerisurv.com)
  • Did you know that a handheld computer battery is easily rechargeable, even when you are on the road? (l-tron.com)
  • Whether you are in the market for OR a current owner of a mobile/handheld computer, you may interested in exploring some of the types of accessories available to make your life easier. (l-tron.com)
  • There are even more perks that using mobile computer accessories can provide. (l-tron.com)
  • I have found that many of these accessories are useful for improving the functionality of a mobile computer. (l-tron.com)
  • Want to learn more about purchasing a mobile computer and/or the related accessories? (l-tron.com)
  • The M2000 and M4000 series computers are intended to complement one another in warehouse environments. (esj.com)
  • Successfully Added Portable Mini Fan Usb Charging Hanging Neck Handheld Folding Fan Humidifying Spray Night Light blue to your Shopping Cart. (chinavasion.com)
  • DAP's voice-ready M4000 series handhelds features four programmable function keys and four scanner trigger buttons -- two each on the left and right sides -- that ergonomically fit the user. (esj.com)
  • Fully computer programmable, Origin aligns itself to your workpiece using a visual marker method. (keimlumber.com)
  • Physician comfort level in counseling patients about smoking cessation can be improved through handheld computer software. (jabfm.org)
  • Mobile Computer AUTOID 9AUTOID9 is in-build of unified software platform, user could control application installation, authorization and remote v. (ics.gr)
  • Earlier this year, DAP released its M2000 series, a smaller handheld computer with similar functionality, modularity and ruggedness. (esj.com)
  • Mobile Computer DENSO BHT-1100 Industrial PDA, powerful performance and user friendly. (ics.gr)
  • Datalogic is a manufacturer of pocket-sized and full-sized industrial enterprise handheld computers. (itplanet.com)
  • Austin, TX (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) - Xplore Technologies Corp. (NASDAQ:XPLR) announced today that it is introducing a 6" handheld computer to its expanding rugged mobility portfolio: the Xplore M60. (datacollectiononline.com)
  • A handheld computer can function as a multi-use tool for your advanced data capture and mobility needs. (datacapturesolutions.com)
  • Rugged handheld computers deliver a unique set of capabilities that make everything from high-level management to parts inventorying simpler, faster and more reliable. (handheldgroup.com)
  • Handheld computers are used widely by physicians at the point of care to look up reference information (eg, guidelines and drug dosing), clinical calculations, tracking procedures performed and billing. (jabfm.org)
  • Two-dimensional ultrasonography, the most widely used technique, produces realistic two-dimensional images in computer-generated "slices. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Today's handhelds are built to operate for long hours in the world's most challenging settings - toughness to match the military personnel who use them. (handheldgroup.com)
  • The Nomad has several features - including the 800 MHz processor, a full VGA display and Windows Mobile 6 - that truly qualify it as best in class," said Dale Kyle, rugged handhelds product manager for Tripod Data Systems, a Trimble company. (amerisurv.com)
  • This compact handheld tool is jam-packed with features designed to produce flawless results. (keimlumber.com)
  • It's no accident that Handheld uses military standards (MIL-STD-810G) to test the performance of our computers. (handheldgroup.com)
  • The ThinkCentre M90n delivers the same powerful performance as a regular desktop computer, yet uses 15% less energy. (directdial.com)
  • Rugged, powerful, and lightweight, DAP Technologies' newest M4000 series handheld computer has the additional advantage of being modular, allowing customers to choose the technology they need now and easily upgrade as needs change. (esj.com)
  • A handheld detector measures the light that comes out of the packaging and sends a signal to a computer. (lu.se)
  • We describe the development and conceptual evolution of handheld spoken phrase translation systems, beginning with an initial undirectional system for translation of English phrases, and later extending to a limited bidirectional phrase translation system between English and Pashto, a major language of Afghanistan. (sri.com)
  • Inc. announces the latest edition to our family of affordable ROM-DOS® based, rugged hand held computers, the PCL-486. (thomasnet.com)
  • Interviewers used hand-held computers to administer questionnaires, and informed consent was obtained from all participants. (cdc.gov)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate a handheld computer smoking cessation intervention tool designed to assist physicians in their smoking cessation counseling with patients. (jabfm.org)
  • DAP Technologies' new, lightweight M4000 series handheld computer suited for warehouse applications, offers modular upgrade path. (esj.com)
  • This manual is intended to help user to configure Gentoo distribution of the GNU/Linux operating system for One-Netbook A1 handheld computer. (handheld.computer)
  • Handheld computers provide an ideal platform for this kind of information system because they enable rapid access to large amounts of information in a portable format. (jabfm.org)
  • Catcher Inc. recently released the Catcher, a hand-held portable computer built for the enterprise and first responder markets. (urgentcomm.com)
  • Shopping for the best deal on PDA & Handheld Computers PDA & Handheld Computers - Select a product below or see other matches to read product reviews, compare prices and store ratings. (pricegrabber.com)
  • Check out our full line of affordable Datalogic handheld computers below or call one of our experts to request a volume discount. (itplanet.com)
  • The rugged mobile computer also incorporates Datalogic's industry-first wireless charging system for ultra-reliable contactless charging. (itplanet.com)
  • DENSO BHT-M80 Mobile Computer Uniquely designed to provide high resistance against drops on concrete floors with a light and rigid magnesium. (ics.gr)
  • Medical informatics is most simply defined as computer applications in medical care. (medscape.com)
  • The report advocated adoption of the computer-based patient record (CPR) as standard medical practice. (medscape.com)
  • As with other Trimble rugged handheld computers, the Nomad series meets the MIL-STD-810F standard for drops, vibration and temperature extremes. (amerisurv.com)
  • The Nomad series of handheld computers are priced from US$1,699 to US$2,499 MSRP. (amerisurv.com)
  • Reasoning ability test with handheld computers, notebooks, and paper and pencil. (bvsalud.org)
  • van Wegberg, MJ 1998 ' Evolution and competition in the market for handheld computers ' NIBOR Research Memorandum, no. 04, NIBOR, Netherlands Institute of Business Organization and Strategy Research, Maastricht. (maastrichtuniversity.nl)
  • Apart from Compaq-HP ,we also sell Dell , and can source new and refurbished Sony , Toshiba , Treo , O2 , and Palm handheld models. (bmsoftware.co.uk)
  • The computer also has an integrated pistol-grip handle and large upward-angled color display for easy viewing while scanning and entering data. (risnews.com)
  • DAP Technologies' newest M1000 data-capture unit is a rugged handheld computer about the size of a mobile phone that is designed for retail and warehouse use. (dcvelocity.com)
  • With Trimble's Nomad handheld computer, users can easily collect, save and transmit data while in the field. (amerisurv.com)
  • Upper extremity musculoskeletal symptoms data were collected on handheld computers randomly throughout the day for seven days over three data collection periods. (cdc.gov)
  • Two Technologies, an IS09001 registered company, was founded in 1987 and is a leading manufacturer of hand held terminals and computers. (thomasnet.com)