Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.
Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.
Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
Computers in which quantities are represented by physical variables; problem parameters are translated into equivalent mechanical or electrical circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Computers whose input, output and state transitions are carried out by biochemical interactions and reactions.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Text editing and storage functions using computer software.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Computers that combine the functions of analog and digital computers. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The form and structure of analytic studies in epidemiologic and clinical research.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
The number of units (persons, animals, patients, specified circumstances, etc.) in a population to be studied. The sample size should be big enough to have a high likelihood of detecting a true difference between two groups. (From Wassertheil-Smoller, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, 1990, p95)
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A system in which the functions of the man and the machine are interrelated and necessary for the operation of the system.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Computer-assisted analysis and processing of problems in a particular area.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
The study of the structure of various TISSUES of organisms on a microscopic level.
Transmission of information over distances via electronic means.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.
The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.
Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.
The educational process of instructing.
Auditory and visual instructional materials.
Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical pharmacy services.
The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.
Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.
The position or attitude of the body.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Systems used to prompt or aid the memory. The systems can be computerized reminders, color coding, telephone calls, or devices such as letters and postcards.
Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
Term generally used to describe complaints related to refractive error, ocular muscle imbalance, including pain or aching around the eyes, burning and itchiness of the eyelids, ocular fatigue, and headaches.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Major administrative divisions of the hospital.

Analysis of electronic structures of physostigmine analogs. (1/779)

AIM: To elucidate the action mechanism and structural prerequisites of 21 physostigmine analogs as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors at the molecular level, and help the rational design of these dihydroindoline inhibitors. METHODS: Initial structures of these compounds were built and minimized by SYBYL 6.2 molecular modeling software. Conformations of those molecules with the highest predictive abilities in the Comparative Molecular Field Analysis model were chosen to the semiempirical quantum chemical calculations. RESULTS: (1) The highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) consisted mainly of the orbitals in phenyl group and N1 atom; the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) of the molecules was contributed from phenyl group and C11 atom. While the HOMO energies did not show any recognizable relationship with activity, the LUMO energies showed a decreased tendency with increasing activity. The active compounds showed lower LUMO energies. (2) The carbon atom (C11) had the most positive net atom charge. The most active compound had the most positive charge on this carbon, but had the lower charges on the carbonyl oxygen (O12) which was the most negative charge atom. (3) The bond order of carbon-oxygen bond (C11-O10) was invariant across the series of the compounds. (4) Compounds with too high or too low total dipole moment had lower activities, while the most active one had a lower molecular polarizability. CONCLUSION: A molecular model was suggested to explain the possible mode of action by which these compounds inhibit acetylcholinesterase.  (+info)

A 3D computer-aided design system applied to diagnosis and treatment planning in orthodontics and orthognathic surgery. (2/779)

The purpose of this article is to describe a newly developed 3D computer-aided design (CAD) system for the diagnostic set-up of casts in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning, and its preliminary clinical applications. The system comprises a measuring unit which obtains 3D information from the dental model using laser scanning, and a personal computer to generate the 3D graphics. When measuring the 3D shape of the model, to minimize blind sectors, the model is scanned from two different directions with the slit-ray laser beam by rotating the mounting angle of the model on the measuring device. For computed simulation of tooth movement, the representative planes, defined by the anatomical reference points, are formed for each individual tooth and are arranged along a guideline descriptive of the individual arch form. Subsequently, the 3D shape is imparted to each of the teeth arranged on the representative plane to form an arrangement of the 3D profile. When necessary, orthognathic surgery can be simulated by moving the mandibular dental arch three-dimensionally to establish the optimum occlusal relationship. Compared with hand-made set-up models, the computed diagnostic cast has advantages such as high-speed processing and quantitative evaluation on the amount of 3D movement of the individual tooth relative to the craniofacial plane. Trial clinical applications demonstrated that the use of this system facilitated the otherwise complicated and time-consuming mock surgery for treatment planning in orthognathic surgery.  (+info)

Targeting the HIV-protease in AIDS therapy: a current clinical perspective. (3/779)

This review deals with clinical applications of compounds that inhibit the action of the protease encoded within the genome of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The HIV-protease is essential for viral maturation and represents an important therapeutic target in the fight against AIDS. Following a brief overview of the enzyme structure and function, the article focuses on a number of peptide and non-peptide based HIV-protease inhibitors that are in current clinical use. These drugs are discussed both with respect to their efficacy in treatment of AIDS, and to problems related to insurgence of viral resistance and side effects seen to date in patient populations.  (+info)

Effect of polishing on cyclic fatigue strength of CAD/CAM ceramics. (4/779)

The biaxial flexural strength and cyclic fatigue biaxial flexural strength of CAD/CAM ceramics polished with #220, 400, 600 and 1000 diamond pads were measured in an effort to determine the effect of surface roughness on fatigue behavior of dental ceramics. The surface roughness was improved after polishing with a smaller diamond grain pad. The flexural strengths of the specimens polished with #220, 400, 600 and 1000 diamond pad were 75.2, 76.6, 82.2, and 83.3 MPa, respectively; the fatigue flexural strength of those with #220, 400, 600 and 1000 were 53.0, 58.1, 60.0, and 61.5 MPa, respectively. Both the flexural and fatigue flexural strengths increased with improvement of surface profile. These results suggest the importance of polishing of dental ceramics for not only the static strength but also the cyclic fatigue strength.  (+info)

Influence of filler content and gap dimension on wear resistance of resin composite luting cements around a CAD/CAM ceramic inlay restoration. (5/779)

We investigated the influence of filler content and gap dimension on the wear resistance of composite luting cement around CAD/CAM ceramic inlay restorations. Experimental hybrid dual-cured composite luting cements containing 60, 70, 72, 74 and 80 wt% of silanated barium-silica fillers were used for cementing CAD/CAM ceramic inlay into the cavity. The specimens involving inlay-cement-tooth interfaces were subjected to a three-body wear test. The relation between the interfacial gap dimension and wear loss was also investigated using 60, 70 and 80 wt% filled cements. The cements containing more than 70 wt% filler presented significantly higher wear resistance than 60 wt% filled cement. There was a positive linear relationship between gap dimension and wear loss, and the inclination of the regression line decreased with increasing filler content. These results indicated that the higher filler content of the cement increased the wear resistance and this desirable influence appeared more remarkably in the wider horizontal gap dimension.  (+info)

The Procera abutment--the fifth generation abutment for dental implants. (6/779)

The Branemark dental implant has undergone progressive development in terms of both the implant body itself and the components connecting the implant to the prosthesis. Many screw and abutment designs have been developed, with various degrees of success. About 15 years ago, CAD (computer-assisted design)-CAM (computer-assisted manufacture) technology was introduced to dentists. More recently CAD-CAM has been used in the manufacture of abutments for implants. This article reviews currently available techniques for creating the Procera custom abutment (Nobel Biocare, Goteborg, Sweden) and outlines appropriate applications for this type of implant.  (+info)

PrimeArray: genome-scale primer design for DNA-microarray construction. (7/779)

PrimeArray is a Windows program that computes oligonuceotide primer pairs for genome-scale gene amplification by the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The program supports the automated extraction of coding sequences (CDS) from various input-file formats and allows highly automated primer pair-optimization.  (+info)

Application of secondary structure prediction in antisense drug design targeting protein kinase C-alpha mRNA and QSAR analysis. (8/779)

AIM: To optimize the design of antisense drug targeting protein kinase C-alpha (PKC-alpha) mRNA and obtain better antisense drugs than ISIS3521 that is undergoing clinical trials. METHODS: RNAstructure (version 3.21, 1999) was utilized to predict the optimal and suboptimal secondary structures of human PKC alpha mRNA (GenBank, X52479), and 29 antisense phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides (S-ODN) targeting the secondary structural elements, 3 partly matched S-ODN and 1 scrambled 3521 were designed. ISIS3521 was set as positive control. Mean (n = 3-5) 50% inhibitory effects on proliferation of A549 cells (IC50) of S-ODN were evaluated. Free energies (delta G degree 37) relating to the target secondary structural elements were calculated according to the nearest neighbor model. The quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis through multiple regression was obtained by SPSS. RESULTS: Three S-ODN; (5'-AGCCCA-GCCGCTTGGCTGGG-3', 5'-AGGAGTGCAGCTGC-GTCAAG-3', 5'-TCAGAGGG-ACTGATGACTTT-3') had lower IC50[(48 +/- 7), (50 +/- 4), (64 +/- 2.7) nmol.L-1, respectively] than that of ISIS3521 [(81 +/- 25) nmol.L-1]. The number of bases comprising the target secondary structural element bulge loop, internal loop, and knot, the free energy of S-ODN (delta G degree 37S), and reaction (delta G degree 37R) were important parameters in QSAR equation. In the multiple regression, R was 0.68, P = 0.0193. Not tally with the equation, two S-ODN (5'-TCAAATGGAGG-CTGCCCGGC-3', 5'-AAAACGTCAGCCATGGTCCC-3') with favorable target structures and delta G degree 37 did not behave good activities. CONCLUSION: Computer aided design was helpful to obtain S-ODN with better in vitro effect than current positive drug. The degree of instability of secondary structural elements and delta G degree 37 were important factors for drug activity. Other important factors needed for further investigation.  (+info)

Looking for online definition of Electronic and Electrical Computer-aided design in the Medical Dictionary? Electronic and Electrical Computer-aided design explanation free. What is Electronic and Electrical Computer-aided design? Meaning of Electronic and Electrical Computer-aided design medical term. What does Electronic and Electrical Computer-aided design mean?
How is Computer-Aided Design & Design Automation abbreviated? CADDA stands for Computer-Aided Design & Design Automation. CADDA is defined as Computer-Aided Design & Design Automation rarely.
The present specification describes systems and methods for interactive three-dimensional dental imaging. More specifically, the present methods and systems provide for interactive computer-aided design (CAD) in dental applications. According to one of many possible embodiments, an interactive dental computer-aided design (CAD) system includes a graphical user interface for displaying at least one three-dimensional (3D) image for viewing by an operator, an access interface for receiving input from the operator, and a prosthesis design module providing design tools for creating a virtual 3D model of a dental prosthesis responsive to operator input.
The present specification describes systems and methods for interactive three-dimensional dental imaging. More specifically, the present methods and systems provide for interactive computer-aided design (CAD) in dental applications. According to one of many possible embodiments, an interactive dental computer-aided design (CAD) system includes a graphical user interface for displaying at least one three-dimensional (3D) image for viewing by an operator, an access interface for receiving input from the operator, and a prosthesis design module providing design tools for creating a virtual 3D model of a dental prosthesis responsive to operator input.
Read a description of Computer-Aided Design Software. This is also known as MCAD Software, Architectural, Engineering and Construction Software, AEC Applications, Mechanical CAD Software, CAD/CAM Software, CAD Software, Layout Tools, AEC Software. Free detailed reports on Computer-Aided Design Software are also available.
Research and Markets: The Computer-Aided Design (CAD) Software Market in Australia to Grow At A CAGR Of 10 Percent over the Period 2010-2014: Research and Markets ( has announced the addition of the &Computer-aided Design Software Market in Australia 2010-2014& report to their offering. One of the key factors contributing to this market growth is the need to enhance product visualization. The CAD Software …
Reliability computer-aided design tool for full-chip electromigration analysis and comparison with different interconnect metallizations ...
In todays global and digital world, computer-aided design (CAD) can facilitate communication among design team members and make engineers more efficient. To meet the needs of the modern design team it is important that CAD models be formulated in a manner that is easily understood and that they can easily be altered. This work examines the role of an incentive to produce models quickly on feature selection, order, and organization (design intent). The role of design intent on model perception and the time required to alter a model is also investigated. The incentive to produce designs quickly is shown to have a negative effect on model attributes associated with proper design intent. Feature selection and organization are shown to affect model perception. The overall rating of a model is shown to be correlated with the time required to alter it. The importance of design intent on the perception of, and alteration time for, CAD models is shown.. Copyright © 2009 by ASME ...
Detection of chemical signals is critical for cells in nature as well as in synthetic biology, where they serve as inputs for designer circuits. Important progress has been made in the design of signal processing circuits triggering complex biological behaviors, but the range of small molecules recognized by sensors as inputs is limited. The ability to detect new molecules will increase the number of synthetic biology applications, but direct engineering of tailor-made sensors takes time.. Here we describe a way to immediately expand the range of biologically detectable molecules by systematically designing metabolic pathways that transform nondetectable molecules into molecules for which sensors already exist. We leveraged computer-aided design to predict such sensing-enabling metabolic pathways, and we built several new whole-cell biosensors for molecules such as cocaine, parathion, hippuric acid, and nitroglycerin.. Libis, V., Delépine, B., Faulon, J.L. Expanding biosensing abilities ...
This paper presents a computer-aided design (CAD) module able to analyze different manufacturing configurations of tubes used in mechanical assemblies, such as exhaust system manifolds. It can be included in the knowledge-based expert system category and has been implemented into a CAD platform as a dedicated module able to take into account manufacturing requirements related to tube bending, hydroforming, and cutting. The experts knowledge, in terms of set of rules and criteria, has been implemented by means of the automation tools of CATIAV5R10 according to the so-called methodological formal approach. The resulting module is able to join different tubes starting from their geometrical models, obtaining a set of manufacturing alternatives. Each of them is verified with respect to collisions with a bending machine and also in terms of hydroforming process feasibility. Only those solutions that satisfy these checks are accepted as feasible and ranked according to three evaluation criteria ...
ARCADES aims at disrupting the traditional paradigm in Computer-Aided Design (CAD) by exploiting cutting-edge research in mathematics and algorithm design. Geometry is now a critical tool in a large number of key applications; somewhat surprisingly, however, several approaches of the CAD industry are outdated, and 3D geometry processing is becoming increasingly the weak link. This is alarming in sectors where CAD faces new challenges arising from fast point acquisition, big data, and mobile computing, but also in robotics, simulation, animation, fabrication and manufacturing where CAD strives to address crucial societal and market needs. The challenge taken up by ARCADES is to invert the trend of CAD industry lagging behind mathematical breakthroughs and to build the next generation of CAD software based on strong foundations from algebraic geometry, differential geometry, scientific computing, and algorithm design. Our game-changing methods lead to real-time modelers for architectural geometry ...
This study examined the relationship between attitudes and aptitudes toward Computer-aided design (CAD) and personality types among interior design students. Twenty-eight junior and 28 senior interior design students at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University comprised the population of this study. Information was mainly obtained from the survey questionnaire and Keirsey Temperament Sorter which were administered during the last week of the spring semester 1991.. The collected data was analyzed by descriptive statistics. The frequency distribution and mean scores were used to describe the characteristics of the sample population, attitudes and aptitudes toward CAD, and personality types. Correlation coefficients were used to examine the hypotheses of this study that a significant relationship exists between students attitudes and aptitudes toward CAD and personality types.. Results of this study revealed that students seem to have higher preference for Extravert, Intuition, Feeling, ...
Electronic Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing Techniques Conference scheduled on June 04-05, 2020 in June 2020 in Rome is for the researchers, scientists, scholars, engineers, academic, scientific and university practitioners to present research activities that might want to attend events, meetings, seminars, congresses, workshops, summit, and symposiums.
Computer-aided design (CAD) of sporting equipment requires knowledge of the mechanical properties of proposed materials. The mechanical properties of composite materials are often not as simple to obtain as those of conventional materials, in which case micro-mechanical modelling could be used in conjunction with CAD software. A micro-mechanical model was used to predict the flexural modulus of composite materials, based on the assumption of partial interfacial adhesion between composite components. It was found that the partial adhesion model was both practical and consistently accurate. The partial adhesion model accounted for adhesion between components by considering an effective shear value at the interface. The model was compared to experimental data for glass, wood and carbon-fibre reinforced polyethylene. It was shown that the adhesion coefficient ranged between 0.1 for carbon fibre, 0.5 for glass fibre and 0.8 for the wood fibre composites. It was shown that using micro-mechanical ...
The table below provides an overview of computer-aided design (CAD) software. It does not judge power, ease of use, or other user-experience aspects. The table does not include software that is still in development (beta software). For all-purpose 3D programs, see Comparison of 3D computer graphics software. CAD refers to a specific type of drawing and modeling software application that is used for creating designs and technical drawings. These can be 3D drawings or 2D drawings (like floor plans).. ...
The engineering of catalysts with desirable properties can be accelerated by computer-aided design. To achieve this aim, features of molecular catalysts can be condensed into numerical descriptors that can then be used to correlate reactivity and structure. Based on such descriptors, we have introduced topographic steric maps that provide a three-dimensional image of the catalytic pocket-the region of the catalyst where the substrate binds and reacts-enabling it to be visualized and also reshaped by changing various parameters. These topographic steric maps, especially when used in conjunction with density functional theory calculations, enable catalyst structural modifications to be explored quickly, making the online design of new catalysts accessible to the wide chemical community. In this Perspective, we discuss the application of topographic steric maps either to rationalize the behaviour of known catalysts-from synthetic molecular species to metalloenzymes-or to design improved catalysts ...
Listings in Lasers, Plasma, Cameras - Digital, Computer-Aided Design / Engineering, Squid Sensors and Cryostats - Variable Temperature in Sunnyvale an...
Module 10: Computer-aided design (CAD) and the basic use of the LibreCAD program - quiz 1, - computer e-education, open access, human rights
Saenger/Horus spaceplane. Computer-Aided Design (CAD) graphic of the proposed Saenger spaceplane carrying the smaller Horus space shuttle on its back. The pressure distribution over their surf- aces during flight is colour-coded: dark blue (highest), through light blue, green and yellow to red (lowest). The Saenger/Horus system is designed to provide a cheap method of launching astronauts and cargo into space. The Saenger would take off from a normal runway and, powered by jet engines, climb to 37,000 metres. It would then release the Horus which would use rockets to propel itself into orbit. Saenger and Horus are designed to be reusable. They are German designs. - Stock Image T476/0063
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Garner Insights has added Global Mechanical Computer-aided Design (MCAD) Market 2018 by Manufacturers, Countries, Type and Application, Forecast to 2023 to its database. This market research report covers market share of key players, industry forecasts and market segmentation on the basis of product type, technology, application and geography.
Assessing Computer-Aided Design Skills: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2255-3.ch642: This chapter discusses the difficulties of CAD assessment through examining and reviewing existing CAD examination questions in Hong Kong. Based on the
An updated, high-end Computer-Aided Design Lab was dedicated Oct. 15 in Randolph Hall. The Virginia Tech CAD Lab, in operation since 1983, recently underwent its 10th installation of new equipment, with 28 new Quad core Intel i7 iMacs, each with dual display screens in 27 inches and 24 inches. The computers, boasting 16 GB of RAM each, are outfitted to run Windows 7 as well, for PC-minded students. ...
Branch-and-bound search has been known for a long time and has been widely used in solving a variety of problems in computer-aided design (CAD) and
field programmable gate arrays -- computer-aided design.: descarga gratuita. Biblioteca electrónica. Encontrando libros en Z-Library | Z-Library. Download books for free. Find books
CAD/CAM software is used to design and manufacture products. Autodesk offers CAD and CAM software to help make the process cost-effective.
TY - CONF. T1 - Properties of porous structures prepared by stereolithography using a polylactide resin. AU - Melchels, F.P.W.. AU - Grijpma, Dirk W.. AU - Feijen, Jan. A2 - Hennink, W.E.. A2 - Feijen, J.. A2 - Sam, A.P.. PY - 2008/4/2. Y1 - 2008/4/2. N2 - Rapid prototyping techniques such as stereolithography allow for building designed tissue engineering scaffolds with high accuracy. In this work, a stereolithography resin based on poly(d,l-lactide) was developed. Biodegradable scaffolds with varying porosity were built from this resin. The scaffolds were analysed by µCT-scanning and compression testing. The porous structures showed excellent mechanical properties in the range of trabecular bone.. AB - Rapid prototyping techniques such as stereolithography allow for building designed tissue engineering scaffolds with high accuracy. In this work, a stereolithography resin based on poly(d,l-lactide) was developed. Biodegradable scaffolds with varying porosity were built from this resin. The ...
This thesis presents a new computer-aided linkage design and simulation system for task driven path generation problem. Mechanism design is considered a mixture of science and art. The former is about utilizing computers to rigorously sizing a mechanism in meeting a set of design requirements. And the latter is about taking advantage of designers experience to narrow down design domain and speed up the design process. The ultimate goal of the presented design system is to incorporate both science and art into the linkage design process by (1) developing an automatic design framework based on library searching and optimization techniques and (2) developing an interactive design framework based on advanced human-computer interfaces. To enable the design automation framework, we first built a library of open and closed planar curves generated by commonly used planar linkages. We then turned the classical linkage path generation problem into a library searching problem together with a local ...
Computer-aided building design (CABD) has been very diversified since the design process encompasses so many decision making steps by architects. However, the segregated design decision making process frequently prevents achievement of effective evaluation of a buildings final performance. Thus, integration of isolated design decision support systems into a CABD system is a crucial step toward responsible design. To enhance energy performance of a building at the design stage, a rigorous energy simulation process has to be adopted into an integrated CABD system. A prototype interface system is developed for a building energy simulation model illustrating appropriate input processing and results analysis & recovery system paradigm in an integrated CABD environment. In the prototype (ENERife), utilization of normalized building descriptions for 15 building types enable building designers (1) to configure a complicated building description dynamically at the preliminary design stage and, (2) to ...
Computer-aided design (CAD) is a computer technology that allows designers, engineers and architects to design products and documents. It can be used to produce 2D and 3D diagrams that can be rotated and viewed from any angle. It can also transfer detailed diagrams of a products materials, processes and dimensions. CAD is used in the following industries: Building design Infrastructure design Product design Manufacturing design Electrical design Animations design To make computer-aided design possible, a CAD system is required. This level of work cannot be completed on a basic workstation PC or gaming computer. CAD systems include a combination of… ...
The role of structural activities and other solution searching activities in design learning and problem solving have been identified in laboratory studies of problem solving and also in case studies of design teaching.. In laboratory studies, students have solved creative problems collaboratively under various communication conditions. The case studies follow students working on the same problem under two conditions one group is taught using traditional face-to-face teaching while the other group is additionally supported by a textbased web board. This paper review findings from three experiments from which we can see that students producing above average solutions involved more structural activities than the mediocre cases. These successful cases engaged in textual expression of their design solutions. Computer tools for design should therefore support multiple representations of design work ...
Autodesk provides CAD design software for a wide range of industries. Since 1982 Autodesk has been redefining what CAD design can do.
Mandibular sagittal split osteotomy (SSO) is an operation performed for the correction of mandibular deformities. In this operation, sharp rotary tools are used during osteotomies and this can induce some complications. For example, if the inferior alveolar nerve is damaged, paralysis of the teeth, the lateral side of the tongue, and the corner of the lip can occur. To decrease the occurrence of such possible complications, we designed and manufactured a novel computer-assisted, patient-specific SSO guide and soft tissue retractor in our previous study. And, we first tested this apparatus on a cadaveric bone in vitro. Now, in this study, a surgical application of the instrument, which was designed and manufactured according to the requirements of the mandibular sagittal split osteotomies, was performed. This paper gives and discusses the results obtained from in vivo application of the apparatus.. ...
Genetically-encoded biosensors offer a wide range of opportunities to develop advanced synthetic biology applications. Circuits with the ability of detecting and quantifying intracellular amounts of a compound of interest are central to whole-cell biosensors design for medical and environmental applications, and they also constitute essential parts for the selection and regulation of high-producer strains in metabolic engineering. However, the number of compounds that can be detected through natural mechanisms, like inducible transcription factors, is limited; expanding the set of detectable compounds is therefore highly desirable.. Here, we present the SensiPath webserver, accessible at SensiPath implements a strategy to enlarge the set of detectable compounds by screening for multi-step enzymatic transformations converting non-detectable compounds into detectable ones. The SensiPath approach is based on the encoding of reactions through signature descriptors to ...
College professors get excited whenever they see former students excel in various careers. For your students to grasp basic ECAD principles while developing practical experience, they need tried and tested design software. The good news is not all industry recognized ECAD design software are costly. You dont have to burn holes through your pockets in…
0047] The invention is directed to a method for designing a modeled object within a session of a computed-aided design system interacting with a database, e.g. a PLM database. A session keeps track of operations performed by the user on the system and provides for the user a working environment with a specific user context. The method according to the invention comprises detecting a designing operation performed by the user, the designing operation being applied to an initial modeled object within the session. Then, a signature is computed from a set of properties of the initial modeled object and/or a set of properties of the session. Next, modeled objects having the closest signatures to the signature of the initial modeled object within the session are retrieved in the database; the closeness of the signature of a modeled object with the signature of the initial modeled object may be determined with the distance between the two signatures. Thus, the modeled objects, whose respective ...
Learn about a Computer-Aided Design Technician career! Check out the job description, job outlook, salary, and how to become a Computer-Aided Design Technician.
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This work consists in the development of a software able to define and optimise the autoclave cure cycles for thick laminated plates. At first,...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Individual 3-dimensional printed mold for treating hard palate carcinoma with brachytherapy: A clinical report. AU - Valentini, Vincenzo. AU - Tagliaferri, Luca. AU - Lancellotta, Valentina. AU - Pagano, Stefano. AU - Piergentini, Marco. AU - Ricci, Alessandro. AU - Montecchiani, Sandro. AU - Saldi, Simonetta. AU - Chierchini, Sara. AU - Cianetti, Stefano. AU - Kovács, György. AU - Aristei, Cynthia. PY - 2019. Y1 - 2019. N2 - N/A. AB - N/A. KW - Brachytherapy. KW - Computer-Aided Design. KW - Humans. KW - Imaging, Three-Dimensional. KW - Palate, Hard. KW - Printing, Three-Dimensional. KW - Software. KW - Brachytherapy. KW - Computer-Aided Design. KW - Humans. KW - Imaging, Three-Dimensional. KW - Palate, Hard. KW - Printing, Three-Dimensional. KW - Software. UR - U2 - 10.1016/j.prosdent.2018.06.016. DO - 10.1016/j.prosdent.2018.06.016. M3 - Article. VL - 121. SP - 690. EP - 693. JO - Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. JF - Journal of Prosthetic ...
In replyWe read with interest the letter by Kanthraj concerning our research teams article on telemedical wound care using mobile telephones. In the model prop
The flagship monthly journal of SPIE, |i|Optical Engineering|/i| (OE) publishes peer-reviewed papers reporting on research and development in all areas of optics, photonics, and imaging science and engineering.
Author(s): Savielieva O.1, Starushkevych T.2, Matveev, A.3Affiliation(s): 1 South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, 26
Power harmonic filters for rectifiers, motor drives and uninterruptible power systems are usually designed by characterizing currents and voltages by their
If required by your instructor, you can add annotations to your citations. Just select Add Annotation while finalizing your citation. You can always edit a citation as well. ...
The Hack Factory / Twin Cities Maker (TC Maker) is a community group in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Our mission is to make, share, and learn.
Role of Molecular Docking in Computer-Aided Drug Design and Development: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0362-0.ch001: Molecular Docking is widely used in CADD (Computer-Aided Drug Designing), SBDD (Structure-Based Drug Designing) and LBDD (Ligand-Based Drug Designing). It is
The Halifax Group has made an investment in Richmond, Virginia-based TriMech, a provider of computer-aided design and engineering software, additive and subtractive manufacturing solutions. No financial terms were disclosed. TriMech was backed by McCarthy Capital.. PRESS RELEASE. WASHINGTON, Jan. 7, 2020 /PRNewswire/ - The Halifax Group (Halifax) announced today it has completed an investment to recapitalize TriMech (TriMech or the Company), a provider of computer-aided design and engineering software, additive and subtractive manufacturing solutions, and associated training, consulting, and staffing services for a variety of industries. Halifax is partnering with TriMechs founder, Steve Pelham, and the Companys management team, which will continue to lead the Company after the transaction. Prior to the transaction with The Halifax Group, TriMech was a portfolio company of McCarthy Capital. Terms were not disclosed.. Headquartered in Richmond, VA, TriMech sells and services engineering ...
High-level ab initio molecular orbital calculations indicate that a fluorine Z substituent significantly destabilizes the RAFT adduct radical, RSO•(Z)SR, relative to known Z substituents. This destabilization of the RAFT adduct radical lowers the fragmentation enthalpy relative to normal dithioesters, but without stabilizing the C=S bond of the product RAFT agent, as in xanthate- or dithiocarbamate-mediated polymerization. On the basis of these calculations, it is predicted that, provided appropriate R groups are chosen, RAFT agents containing fluorine Z substituents (i.e., S=C(F)SR, fluorodithioformates, or F-RAFT agents) should provide a basis for improved control of monomers with reactive propagating radicals (such as vinyl acetate) and should have the advantage that their C=S bonds remain reactive enough for control of monomers with more stable propagating radicals (such as styrene) and hence the production of styrene-vinyl acetate copolymers.. ...
Objectives: The primary objective was to assess the impact of two denture fabrication techniques, conventional and CAD/CAM, on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and patient satisfaction in complete denture wearers. The secondary objective was to compare the level of microorganisms present on complete dentures from the two fabrication techniques. Methods: Twenty-eight completely edentulous subjects (16 men and 21 women, age range from 49 to 87 years old.), who had been edentulous for at least 6 months, were wearing ill-fitting complete dentures, or unsatisfied with their existing complete dentures were recruited. Subjects were randomized to conventional and computer-aided design/ computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) treatment groups. Subjects in both groups were given the OHIP-EDENT (Oral Health Impact Profile for Edentulous Patients) and patient satisfaction questionnaires to record the data at baseline and at 1 month post-delivery of the new prostheses. Plaque samples were collected from
Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology has improved the functional and morphological results of mandibular reconstructive surgery. The purpose of this study was to objectively assess this technology and factors affecting its accuracy. Fibula free flap mandibular reconstruction was performed in 26 cases using CAD/CAM technology at the Maxillofacial Unit of Fondazione IRCCS Ca Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, between June 2014 and February 2018. We evaluated the technologys accuracy by comparing the virtual surgical planning STL file (planned-target mesh) with the STL file from an early postoperative CT scan (postoperative- achievement mesh) in each case. The STL files were imported into Geomagic Studio 2016 (Geomagic GmbH). According to the position of the reconstruction plate (fixed reference point), we assessed deviations at the right condyle, right gonion, gnathion, left gonion and left condyle, calculating mean, minimum and maximum error values. ...
Guided MRI for cancer treatment. Marvel Medtech has developed an interactive MRI system called Solada. It is a robotic system which allows intervention inside the MRI imaging bore. Researchers have classified these kinds of robots as surgical computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) robots, distinct from surgical assistant robots. A CAD/CAM robot is a surgical guidance system which requires human intervention. For example, in case of a biopsy, despite the guidance of a robot the biopsy needle will still have to be probed by a physician.. Marvel Medtech calls Solada an interactive Magnetic Resonance Imaging Guided Intervention (iMR-IGI). The device enables real-time monitoring and guidance of probes for surgical procedures inside the MRI scanner. For now, Marvel Medtech is focused on developing Solada for breast biopsy only. So far, the medical company has raised $2,500,000 which includes $2 million in grants from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and National ...
Medical Three-dimensional (3D) printing has a variety of uses and is becoming an integral part of dentistry, oral surgery and dental lab workflows. 3D printing in dentistry is the natural progression from computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) technology which has been used for years by dental labs to create crowns, veneers, bridges and implants. Now, 3D printing is taking its place with 3D printing solutions for dental, orthodontic, and maxillofacial applications. Several 3D printer manufacturers, including Stratasys and EnvisionTEC, offer specialized materials and printers as part of their dental 3D printing solutions. Anyone can create 3D printed dental models and embodi3D has created a dental 3D printing tutorial which guides readers through the process of 3D printing teeth and mandible. Interested in Dental 3D Printing? Here are some resources: Free downloads of hundreds of 3D printable dental models. Automatically generate your own 3D printable dental models ...
Mucosal seal formation around dental abutments is critical to the successful integration of dental implants into the human oral cavity. No information exists for how clinically relevant polishing procedures for computer-aided design and computer-aided manufactured (CAD/CAM) zirconia abutments affects cellular responses important to mucosal seal formation. CAD/CAM zirconia was divided into four groups for clinically relevant polishing utilizing commercial polishing heads: control, coarse, coarse plus medium, and coarse plus medium plus fine. Surfaces were analyzed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and optical profilometry (OP). Subsequently, human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) were seeded onto the zirconia surfaces. Proliferation was measured via a quantitative SEM technique and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) phosphorylation status was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results showed an increase in proliferation on all polished surfaces as compared
The simulator was developed based on the neuroimaging (axial noncontrast CT and T1-weighted gadolinium-enhanced MRI) of an 8-year-old patient with a colloid cyst and hydrocephalus. Image segmentation, computer-aided design, rapid prototyping (3D printing), and silicone molding techniques were used to produce models of the skull, brain, ventricles, and colloid cyst. The cyst was filled with a viscous fluid and secured to the roof of the third ventricle. The choroid plexus and intraventricular veins were also included. Twenty-four neurosurgical trainees performed a simulated colloid cyst resection using a 30° angled endoscope, neuroendoscopic instruments, and image guidance. Using a 19-item feedback survey (5-point Likert scales), participants evaluated the simulator across 5 domains: anatomy, instrument handling, procedural content, perceived realism, and confidence and comfort level.. ...
Date: February 2020. Source: CARTILAGE. Objective: Large cartilage defects and osteoarthritis (OA) cause cartilage loss and remain a therapeutic challenge. Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting with autologous cells using a computer-aided design (CAD) model generated from 3D imaging has the potential to reconstruct patient-specific features that match an articular joint lesion. Design: To scan a human […]. Read More ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Biological advantages of porous hydroxyapatite scaffold made by solid freeform fabrication for bone tissue regeneration. AU - Kwon, Byeong Ju. AU - Kim, Jungsung. AU - Kim, Yong Hwa. AU - Lee, Mi Hee. AU - Baek, Hyun Sook. AU - Lee, Dae Hyung. AU - Kim, Hye Lee. AU - Seo, Hyok Jin. AU - Lee, Min Hyeon. AU - Kwon, Soon Young. AU - Koo, Min Ah. AU - Park, Jong Chul. PY - 2013/7/1. Y1 - 2013/7/1. N2 - Presently, commercially available porous bone substitutes are manufactured by the sacrificial template method, direct foaming method, and polymer replication method (PRM). However, current manufacturing methods provide only the simplest form of the bone scaffold and cannot easily control pore size. Recent developments in medical imaging technology, computer-aided design, and solid freeform fabrication (SFF), have made it possible to accurately produce porous synthetic bone scaffolds to fit the defected bone shape. Porous scaffolds were fabricated by SFF and PRM for a comparison of ...
Report Outline: 3D printing is a type of printing technique that is capable of manufacturing 3D solid objects based on a digital file that is created using computer assisted design. The final solid object is created using additive processes by laying down successive layers of materials till completion. Each layer is considered to be a thinly sliced horizontal cross-section of the eventual product or object. 3D printing is a type of manufacturing used to build layers to form a solid 3D object based on a digital model. The technology uses computer-aided design to make the digital model. The digital model is dissected into multiple cross-sections known as layers. The printer starts at the bottom and builds up from there, layer by layer until the entire design is complete to give the desired object. ...
Tailors who specialize in making customer garments sometimes complete a bachelors degree in fashion design. While enrolled in the program, they learn about different types of textiles, fabrics, and computer-aided design technology. Licensure and certification is not required for tailors, but some choose to seek voluntary certification through organizations like the Custom Tailors and Designers Association (CTDA). Certification options include the Master Tailor/Designer, the Master Custom Designer, and the Master Custom Clothier designations ...
Desktop Metal and Markforged were inspired by a different manufacturing method called metal injection molding. In this system, the metal powder is mixed with plastic binders. The mixture is heated and injected into molds that form it into complex shapes. The part is then baked in high-temperature ovens that burn off the plastic material and turn the object into solid metal.. Metal 3-D printing takes the same general approach, but without the expensive molds. Instead, engineers can design a complex part using standard computer-aided design programs from companies like Autodesk. The digital file goes straight to the printer.. The Desktop Metal and Markforged machines squirt the metal powder and binder through tiny nozzles. Each object is built up layer by layer, hour by hour. When the print job is done, the object is placed in the same kind of oven used in metal injection molding, producing solid metal parts.. Ironically, Desktop Metals printers are partly made out of injection-molded plastic. ...
Dmitry Grishin was born on a missile base in the Soviet Union. He grew up around technical people working on secret projects; his father designed radar systems for the MiG-29 jet fighter.. In Russia, every boy wanted to be a spaceman. But Grishin was taken by robotics. He remembers seeing his first Western VCR when he was about 12 and being fascinated by the mechanical movement that drew the tape into the player. There were Russian robots to admire as well, like Lunokhod 2, a remote-controlled lander that had set down on the moon in 1973. That you can sit on Earth and drive the device-I thought it was so cool, he says.. Then came the end of the Soviet Union and the tarnishing of its glories. Grishin left home for Moscow State Technical University with a few rubles. But he had a knack for programming and for managing others. By the time he was 20, he was overseeing programmers in Florida for a computer-aided design company from his student hostel in Moscow.. Those were the early days of the ...
Bathsheba Grossman, one of of the Six Extraordinary Innovators Who Work Relentlessly to Move Their Field, is an artist who creates sculptures using computer-aided design and 3D modeling.
Published on: November 7, 2012. by Science Blog:. Researchers at Dalhousie University have discovered a new technique using computer-aided drug design that may lead to an entirely new approach in the treatment of Alzheimers disease (AD).. Alzheimers is a devastating disease for which no truly disease-modifying drugs are available. Our approach is completely novel. We explore how the human body attempts to protect itself from Alzheimers, and then we exploit this to develop an entirely new approach to therapeutics, explained Dr. Weaver, a professor at Dalhousie University, clinical neurologist at Capital Health and IWK Health Centre, Canada Research Chair in Clinical Neuroscience, and the DMRF Irene MacDonald Sobey Chair in Curative Approaches to Alzheimers Disease. We are extremely excited about the results presented in this paper and believe that this may represent a new approach to the treatment of AD.. Weaver says that he and his fellow researchers have successfully identified ...
Computer-Aided Drug Design ??An Overview -- Prediction of Human Drug Targets and their Interactions Using Machine Learning Methods: Current and Future Perspectives -- Practices in Molecular Docking and Structure-based Virtual Screening -- Phylogenetic and Conservation Based Approaches to Predict Protein Functional Sites -- De novo design of Ligands using Computational Methods -- Molecular Dynamics Simulation and the Prediction of Druggable Binding Sites -- Virtual Ligand Screening using PL-PatchSurfer2, a Molecular Surface-based Protein-ligand Docking Method -- Fragment Based Ligand Designing -- Molecular Dynamics as a Tool for Virtual Ligand Screening -- Building Molecular Interaction Networks from Microarray Data for Drug Target Screening -- Absolute Alchemical Free Energy Calculations for Ligand Binding -- Evaluation of Protein-ligand Docking by Cyscore -- Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Protein-drug Complexes:혻 A Computational Protocol for Investigating the Interactions of Small-Molecule ...
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Science Citation Index ExpandedTM (SciSearch®), Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition, InCites, Biochemistry & Biophysics Citation Index®, BIOSIS Previews, MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, Chemical Abstracts Service/SciFinder, ProQuest, ChemWeb, Google Scholar, PubsHub, Index Copernicus, MediaFinder®-Standard Periodical Directory, Genamics JournalSeek, Cabells Directory, J-Gate, CNKI Scholar, Suweco CZ, TOC Premier, EBSCO, British Library, Ulrichs Periodicals Directory and JournalTOCs.. ...
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One of the most recent innovations in bone augmentation surgery is represented by computer-aided-design/computer-aided-manufacturing (CAD/CAM) customized titanium meshes, which can be used to restore vertical bone defects before implant-prosthetic rehabilitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness/reliability of this technique in a consecutive series of cases. Ten patients in need of bone augmentation before implant therapy were treated using CAD/CAM customized titanium meshes. A digital workflow was adopted to design virtual meshes on 3D bone models. Then, Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) technology was used to produce the titanium meshes, and vertical ridge augmentation was performed according to an established surgical protocol. Surgical complications, healing complications, vertical bone gain (VBG), planned bone volume (PBV), lacking bone volume (LBV), regenerated bone volume (RBV), average regeneration rate (RR) and implant success rate were evaluated. All augmented sites
Roland DGA Corp., a leading provider of dental CAD/CAM technologies, announced the availability of optional milling burs for the companys DWX-50 and DWX-4dental milling machines that allow these innovative devices to mill VITA ENAMIC ® hybrid ceramic and 3M™ ESPE™ Lava™ Ultimate CAD/CAM Restorative pin-type blocks. New restorative materials, such as those from VITA and 3M ESPE, are becoming popular with the dental community due to their superior aesthetic appearance and strength, said Brian Brooks, dental product manager for Roland DGA Corp. Equipped with our new milling burs, DWX-50 and DWX-4 customers worldwide can now take full advantage of these cutting-edge materials. Developed specifically for the DWX-50 and DWX-4, the new milling burs, available under the part numbers ZDB-100D-HY, ZDB-50D-HY and ZDB-30D-HY, feature an optimized rake angle and a special coating for maximum durability and precise results. The new materials from VITA and 3M ESPE are acclaimed in the industry for ...
Kannan, M and Manivel, P and Sarathbabu, M and Sathishkumar, R and Rao, H Surya Prakash and Krishna, R (2010) 3-Benzyl-6-benzylamino-1-methyl-5-nitro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine. In: Acta Crystallographica Section E, 66 (Part 3). O515-U4095. Ramtekkar, Rahul and Kumarvel, Kandhasamy and Vasuki, Gnanasambandam and Sekar, K and Krishna, R (2009) Computer-Aided Drug Design of Pyranopyrazoles and Related Compounds for Checkpoint Kinase-1. In: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery, 6 (8). pp. 579-584. Vijayalakshmi, L and Krishna, R and Sankaranarayanan, R and Vijayan, M (2007) An asymmetric dimer of \beta-lactoglobulin in a low humidity crystal form - Structural changes that accompany partial dehydration and protein action. In: Proteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics, 71 (1). 241- 249. Krishna, R and Prabu, Rajan J and Manjunath, GP and Datta, S and Chandra, NR and Muniyappa, K and Vijayan, M (2007) Snapshots of RecA Protein Involving Movement of the C-domain and Different Conformations of ...
At Taros, computational chemists are com-mitted to supporting our clients medicinal chemistry projects as well as to providing stand-alone services with in silico-based screening projects. Our computational chemistry expertise spans the whole spectrum of computer-aided drug design, from virtual screening to adaptive SAR analysis, from molecular modelling to statistical forecasting. A seamless integration of computational and medicinal chemists is key in this process, enhancing hypothesis generation, design efforts, data analysis and scientific decision making. The CADD group contributes to accelerate the hit identification, lead generation and lead optimization phases of the drug discovery phase, improving quality and productivity by using all the available information. On a day-to-day base, our CADD experts work closely with the medicinal chemistry colleagues to support all research activities, capitalizing on their broad expertise gained within major pharmaceutical and academic research ...
Ph.D. from Cornell University). Research Interests: Molecular recognition, with a strong application to structure-based computer-aided drug design. He combines molecular simulation, synthetic chemistry, X-ray protein crystallography, thermodynamic measurements, cellular techniques and in vivo animal models to explore molecular interactions, especially protein-ligand interactions, at molecular, cellular and organismal levels ...
Baltimore, MD, 15 November 2016 Version 2.0.0 is the second release of CGenFF program, extending support to a larger variety of drug-like molecules to be used routinely in Computer-Aided Drug Design projects. Specifically, it improves treatment of halogen bonds, by introducing lone-pairs onto the halogen atoms of aromatic systems. Additionally, support is now extended to[…]. ...
The fourth PhD4GlycoDrug Training Event will start with Computer-aided Drug Design workshop that will be held at the University of Ljubljana on 15th and 16th April 2019. The event will be followed by the PhD4GlycoDrug Consortium Meeting on 17th April 2019. The Communication and Dissemination in Science training event will be held at the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Pharmacy, on 18th April 2019. This event will be led by Dr. David Peralta, the Editor-in-Chief of ChemMedChem.. ...
Cheer on your Chicago Blackhawks with this Check bow tie! Bring some formal to your fanaticism with the bold Chicago Blackhawks colors and embroidered graphics on this bow tie. Dont be afraid. Its a clip-on, so you dont have to worry about learning how to tie a bow tie. It is adjustable to fit just about any Chicago Blackhawks fan ...
Documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels is not standard practice in Australia. However, previous studies that have focused on the content and design of dispensed medicines labels, have suggested including the indication as a safety measure. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of Australian consumers, pharmacists and prescribers on documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and mock-up of dispensed medicines labels were designed for participants. Consumers (n = 19) and pharmacists (n = 7) were recruited by convenience sample at community pharmacies in Sydney (Australia) and prescribers (n = 8), including two medical students, were recruited through snowballing. Thirty-four participants were interviewed. Most participants agreed that documenting the indication would be beneficial especially for patients who are forgetful or take multiple medications. Participants also
An interposer including a fence that receives and aligns a semiconductor device, such as a flip-chip type semiconductor device, with a substrate. The fence may include edges that are configured to progressively align a semiconductor device with the substrate. The fence may also include one or more laterally recessed regions to facilitate rough alignment of a semiconductor device with the substrate. Methods for fabricating the fence include the use of stereolithographic and molding processes. When stereolithography is used to fabricate the fence, a machine vision system that includes at least one camera operably associated with a computer may be used to control a stereolithography apparatus and facilitates recognition of the position and orientation of substrates on and around which material is to be applied in one or more layers to form the fence. As a result, the substrates need not be precisely mechanically aligned.
The Formlabs Form 2 printer uses stereolithography technology--liquid resins polymerized by a precision laser--to produce exceptionally detailed models. Stereolithography is an efficient way to produce prototypes or limited-run parts.. Prints up to 145 x 145 x 175 mm (5.8 x 5.8 x 7 inches) are possible with layer resolution of 25-100 µm. The most common file-export types for 3D printing, .STL and .OBJ formats, are accepted. PreForm software simplifies import and manipulation of digital files, automatically generating supports and optimizing print orientation while permitting flexible user control. Several functional resin types are available.. The Form 2 is available for general use on a fee basis. For an estimate of time and cost to print your model, call the Electron Microscopy Center at 701.231.8234 or e-mail [email protected] ...
The market has lots of 3D printers currently and they may vary in the technical specs, which means they cater to different demands also. The printing also comes with its personal technicalities that you simply really need to know beforehand. Being educated about a number of issues relating to the printers in advance of obtaining provides you a better time earning your choice concerning which printer matches your preferences.. The 3D printers can be found in different types. Most printers found in the industry today use fused deposition modeling know-how. This is a modeling technological know-how thats additive in mother nature and requires the heating and extruding of plastic that is then pieced layer by layer. Usually, youll come across two types of 3D printers in the market place now, stereolithography and SLS or selective laser sintering.. Stereolithography utilizes the additive method, but utilizes ultraviolet mild beam from the procedure to harden the design within the photosensitive ...
Chitosan-g-oligolactide copolymers with relatively long oligolactide grafted chains of various stereochemical compositions have been synthetized via a solvent-free mechanochemical technique and tailored to fabricate three-dimensional hydrogels using two-photon induced microstereolithography. An effect of the characteristics of chitosan and oligolactide used for the synthesis on the grafting yield and copolymers behavior were evaluated using fractional analysis, FTIR-spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, and UV-spectrophotometry. The lowest copolymer yield was found for the system based on chitosan with higher molecular weight, while the samples consisting of low-molecular weight chitosan showed higher grafting degrees, which were comparable in both the cases of l,l- or l,d-oligolactide grafting. The copolymer processability in the course of two-photon stereolithography was evaluated as a function of the copolymers characteristics and stereolithography conditions. The structure and mechanical
CAD/CAM - Computer -Aided Design/Computer-Aided Manufacturing. calcium - mineral necessary to the formation and maintenance of healthy teeth and bones. calculus - commonly called tartar, hard substance that forms on teeth due to insufficient plaque control, may be stained brown or yellow. canker sore - whitish mouth sore, usually lasts 10-14 days, may have red halo. cantilever bridge - dental bridge that only attaches to teeth on one side. cap - commonly used term for dental crown. caries - common term for tooth decay or cavities. cast/model - 3D reproduction used by filling an impression or mold with plaster and allowing it to dry. CAT scan - Computerized Axial Tomography scan, used to determine size, shape, and placement of bone, usually used for implant placement planning. cavity - missing tooth structure caused by decay, abrasion, or erosion. Cavitron - dental tool used in cleaning teeth, uses high-frequency ultrasonic waves. cellulitis - potentially dangerous infection of the soft ...
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CAD/CAM has improved the quality of prostheses in dentistry and found a way to standardise the production process. It has increased productivity and the chance to work with new materials with a high level of accuracy.[5] It has also found a way to decrease chair time for the patient by the use of CEREC systems which allow the dentist to send electronic impressions to the lab.[12] The restorations are milled from a block of ceramic which has fewer flaws.[13]. However, CAD/CAM requires a large initial outlay (expensive to buy) and occlusal detail isnt always the best and has to be amended by hand.[13]. Despite the CAD/CAM being a major technological advancement, it is important that the dentists technique is suited to the methods of CAD/CAM and milling technology. This includes: correct tooth preparations with a continuous preparation margin (which is recognisable to the scanner e.g. in the form of a chamfer); avoiding the use of shoulderless preparations and parallel walls and the use of ...
righttoc}} Project description (typically about a paragraph) {, cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0 width=80% ,- valign=top , Current participants: {{project current participants}} Additional participants: {{project additional participants}} , Collaborators: Past participants: {{project past participants}} ,} === Objectives === [[Image:project-name.png,right,400px]] Description of the main objectives of the project === References === {{project paper list}} [[Category:Pending project]] ,!-- [[Category:Subgroup projects]] --> {{Project ,Title=Developing Standardized Cell-Free Platforms for Rapid Prototyping of Synthetic Biology Circuits and Pathways ,Agency=NSF ,Start date=1 Jul 2019 ,End date=30 Jun 2023 ,Support summary=1 graduate student ,Reporting requirements=Annual reports ...
Since implementing the rapid-tooling process, the company has doubled its revenues while gaining speed and efficiency advantages using direct metal laser-sintering with cryogenic processing compared with conventional CNC milling of aluminum molds. CPM Fastools process uses EOS DMLS technology to produce fully dense metal-core and cavity inserts. The inserts, and all mold components, are cryogenically processed to relieve residual stress and increase wear resistance. The company says its production molds are ideal for resins that are difficult to injection-mold and cause rapid tooling wear. We have made production tools for molding tough resins like polyphenylsulfone and glass-filled engineering plastics, adds Moore.. More traditional prototyping processes using plastics for rapid prototyping purposes include FDM, stereolithography, and 3-D printing, methods which continue to account for the majority of prototypes built for industry. Stratasys, which according to the Wohlers Report shipped 34% ...
Listings in Allografts, Rehabilitation, Surgical Drills, Spinal Stabilizers, Bone Screws and Rapid Prototyping / Custom Machined CNC Parts in Charlott...
Listings in Stabilizers / Stabilization Equipment, Surgical Drills, Bone Screws and Rapid Prototyping / Custom Machined CNC Parts in North Carolina
Charles W. Hull is a name you might not be familiar with, but he is the man behind the worlds first patented 3-D printer. Invented in 1984, Hulls printer used a technique called stereolithography, which employs a UV laser that solidifies a photopolymer into a 3-dimentional shape outlined in a computer-aided-design (CAD) file. This invention closely followed the work of Hideo Kodama of Nagoya Municipal Industrial Research Institute, who in 1981 was the first person to use a light-sensitive resin to build a miniature three-dimensional model of a house. Hull went on to found 3-D Systems, which remains the worlds second-largest manufacturer of 3-D printers, next to Stratasys.. 3-D printers boast rapid prototyping technology, which means concepts are able to be quickly and efficiently turned into three-dimensional models, allowing for optimization of computer-generated designs. This technology also benefits manufacturers, who have the option to build their products on an order-by-order basis, with ...
Hybrid Rocket Engines (HRE) have characteristically low fuel regression that limits their performance. Additive manufacturing and rapid prototyping can possibly solve some of the problems with Hybrid propulsion regression by creating geometry not possible with conventional manufacturing. This work is attempting to make geometric regression simulation of HRE easier by using STereoLithography (STL files) as the geometry. This analysis sets flow conditions, boundary conditions, propellant selection, and allows for fuel geometry to be altered to simulate geometrys effects on regression rate and propellant performance. This model can be used for more advanced geometric analysis to improve and predict performance.
But while both may be referred to as 3D printing theres a world of difference between the two processes, and theyre not the only ways of creating real objects from a three-dimensional computer model. So, just what is 3D printing?. Its something of a catch-all term, used to describe some very different technologies, and encompassing things like stereolithography, rapid prototyping and additive manufacturing. But at heart, what the name conjures up is the image of a device that, once fed the right instructions, can churn out any object that you want, from shoes to aircraft parts.. In reality, thats still some way off. While there are some machines that can use two print heads to lay down, for instance, conductive tracks as well as polymers, creating objects that use several materials, or that emerge as fully formed machines rather than components is some way off.. How does 3D printing work? The phrase additive manufacturing gives the best clue: objects are built up layer by layer, based ...
A rapid prototyping and manufacturing (e.g. stereolithography) method and apparatus for producing three-dimensional objects by selectively subjecting a liquid or other fluid-like material to a beam of prescribed stimulation. In a preferred embodiment a source of prescribed stimulation is controlled to reduce or inhibit the production of the prescribed stimulation during at least some periods when the prescribed stimulation is not needed to expose the material. In another preferred embodiment, the source of stimulation is controlled to vary the quantity of prescribed stimulation that is produced and allowed to reach the material. In an additional preferred embodiment control of laser output occurs based on a combination of supplying a regulated amount of voltage to an AOM in conjunction with temporary sensing of laser power and a known desired power to attain. In a further preferred embodiment, a quantity of prescribed stimulation may be set by consideration of desired solidification depths to be used,
Regular: PCO2 Platform, open CAD-CAM, height 2 mm, material: Ti6Al4V. Used to create single cemented dental constructions with CAD-CAM Designed towards the latest
Regular: PCO1 Platform, open CAD-CAM, height 1 mm, material: Ti6Al4V. Used to create single cemented dental constructions with CAD-CAM Designed towards the latest
... From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (Redirected from Comparison of CAD editors ... The table below provides an overview of computer-aided design (CAD) software. It does not judge power, ease of use, or other ... BIM, 2D/3D hybrid, Architecture, Interior Design, Garden & Landscape Design, Show Design, Rendering. Mac OS X. Yes. No. ... Retrieved from "" ...
5.7 Electromigration and technology computer aided design. *5.8 Electromigration due to IR drop noise of the on-chip power grid ... Electromigration and technology computer aided design[edit]. The complete mathematical model describing electromigration ... Such a mathematical model forms the basis for simulation of electromigration in modern technology computer aided design (TCAD) ... IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. 23 (1): 80-90. doi:10.1109/TCAD.2003.819899. ...
Notable examples of CAx include Computer-aided design (CAD software) and Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM software). The ... Computer-Aided Design. 36 (14): 1439. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2004.02.011. "Automation - Definitions from". dictionary ... Computer-aided technologies (or CAx) now serve as the basis for mathematical and organizational tools used to create complex ... Special computers called programmable logic controllers were later designed to replace these collections of hardware with a ...
Computer-Aided Design. 59: 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2014.07.006. Wu, D., Rosen, D.W., & Schaefer, D. (2014). Cloud-Based Design ... Indoor positioning system Industry 4.0 Intelligent maintenance system Internet of Things Responsive computer-aided design ... A cyber-physical system (CPS) is a computer system in which a mechanism is controlled or monitored by computer-based algorithms ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 5860. p. 36. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-10265-3_4. ISBN 978-3-642-10264-6. Jones, W. D. (2001). " ...
Computer Aided Design. 123: 102829. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2020.102829. v t e. ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 537, p. 109, doi:10.1007/3-540-38424-3_8, ISBN 978-3-540-54508-8 Kaltofen, E.; Lobo, A. ( ...
Computer-Aided Design. 43 (8): 989-1000. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2011.02.007. hdl:10397/18795. Au K. M., Yu K. M. (2006). "Variable ... Computer-Aided Design. 43 (4): 356-3. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2011.01.001. hdl:10397/17785.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( ... Au K.M., Yu K.M. (2014). "Variable Distance Adjustment for Conformal Cooling Channel Design in Rapid Tool". Journal of ... hdl:2152/69894.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Xiaorong Xu, Emanuel Sachs and Samuel Allen, The design of conformal ...
Computer-Aided Design. 45 (3): 575-590. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2012.10.045. Walczyk, Daniel F.; Hosford, Jean F.; Papazian, John M ... Computers in Industry. 65 (4): 563-584. doi:10.1016/j.compind.2014.01.002. Duflou, Joost R.; Behera, Amar Kumar; Vanhove, Hans ...
Computer-Aided Design. 38 (4): 342-366. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2005.10.011. Sun, J. and Ovsjanikov, M. and Guibas, L. (2009). "A ... Computer-Aided Design. 41 (9): 599. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2009.04.003. Retrieved 25 September 2018.. ... Computer Graphics International 1998, Cyberworlds and NASAGEM 2007, Computer Graphics International 2013. Wolter's article on ... He currently heads the Institute of Man-Machine Communication and is the Dean of Studies in Computer Science at Leibniz ...
Computer-Aided Design. 38 (5): 540-551. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2006.01.011. "Step-NC Application for Steel Production in ... The combined result has been standardized as ISO 10303-238 (also known as AP238). STEP-NC was designed to replace ISO 6983/ ... Associativity so feedback can be sent from manufacturing back to design. STEP-NC can communicate a complete machining process ... Hardwick, M.; Loffredo, D. (September 2006). "Lessons Learned Implementing STEP-NC AP-238". International Journal of Computer ...
July 1981). "TORNADO: a DBMS for CAD/CAM systems". Computer-Aided Design. 13 (4): 193-197. doi:10.1016/0010-4485(81)90140-8. " ... to those companies that are geared towards multimedia presentation or organizations that utilize computer-aided design (CAD). ... 4, IEEE Computer Society, December 1985; D. Maier, A. Otis, and A. Purdy, "Object-Oriented Database Development at Servio Logic ... Using a DBMS that has been specifically designed to store data as objects gives an advantage ...
... custom peripherals that addressed specialized problems such as computer-aided design, computer-aided manufacturing, process ... "Personal Computer"". "What Is the Difference Between a Microcomputer & a Minicomputer". "Computer-aided design". " ... In the 1970s, they were the hardware that was used to launch the computer-aided design (CAD) industry and other similar ... Apollo Computer, and Prime Computer. Minicomputers were also known as midrange computers. They grew to have relatively high ...
Novotni, M.; Klein, R. (2004). "Shape retrieval using 3D Zernike descriptors" (PDF). Computer-Aided Design. 36 (11): 1047-1062 ... Loomis, J., "A Computer Program for Analysis of Interferometric Data," Optical Interferograms, Reduction and Interpretation, ... Genberg, V. L.; Michels, G. J.; Doyle, K. B. (2002). "Orthogonality of Zernike polynomials". Optomechanical design and ... Computers in Biology and Medicine. 41 (8): 726-735. doi:10.1016/j.compbiomed.2011.06.009. PMID 21722886. Rdzanek, W. P. (2018 ...
... followed by computer-aided design, computer graphics hardware and software, and software engineering and software technology, ... Also he originated the term CAD for computer-aided design. Ross came to MIT in the fall of 1951 as a teaching assistant in the ... Ross, Douglas T. "Computer-Aided Design: A Statement of Objectives MIT USAF 8436-TM-4" (PDF). Massachusetts Institute of ... He is most famous for originating the term CAD for computer-aided design, and is considered to be the father of Automatically ...
Computer-Aided Design. 12 (5): 219-220. doi:10.1016/0010-4485(80)90025-1. Requicha, A.A.G & Voelcker, H. (1983). "Solid ... a discipline that constitutes the foundation of computer-aided design and CAD systems. In contrast to other CAD programs, PLaSM ... Geometric Programming for Computer Aided Design, Wiley, 2003 Shapiro, Vadim (2001). Solid Modeling. Elsevier. Retrieved 20 ... not only the final design) and students are exposed to elementary computer programming. PLaSM has been developed since the ...
Part 1: curves". Computer-Aided Design. 21 (8): 509-518. doi:10.1016/0010-4485(89)90059-6. Clear explanation of NURBS for non- ... NURBS curves are commonly used in computer-aided design (CAD), manufacturing (CAM), and engineering (CAE). They are part of ... Before computers, designs were drawn by hand on paper with various drafting tools. Rulers were used for straight lines, ... As computers were introduced into the design process, the physical properties of such splines were investigated so that they ...
Dori, Dov; Tombre, Karl (1995). "From engineering drawings to 3D CAD models: are we ready now?" (PDF). Computer-Aided Design. ... The power of OPL lies in the fact that it is readable by humans but also interpretable by computers. Since each model fact is ... These are the stages where the most important design decisions are made. The graphics-text bimodality of OPM makes it suitable ... UML The differences between OPM and UML are highly perceivable during the analysis and design stages. While UML is a multi- ...
Computer-Aided Design. 10 (6): 350. doi:10.1016/0010-4485(78)90110-0. Stam, J. (1998). "Exact evaluation of Catmull-Clark ... The Catmull-Clark algorithm is a technique used in 3D computer graphics to create curved surfaces by using subdivision surface ... Proceedings of the 25th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques - SIGGRAPH '98. pp. 85. CiteSeerX ... IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics. 16 (5): 742-51. doi:10.1109/TVCG.2010.31. PMID 20616390. preprint ...
Computer-Aided Design. 38 (4): 342-366. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2005.10.011.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) Lian, Z.; ... Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 5702. pp. 757-765. Bibcode:2009LNCS.5702..757S. ... Computer Graphics Forum. 28. pp. 1383-1392. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8659.2009.01515.x.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link ... The Visual Computer, Springer. 32 (5): 553. doi:10.1007/s00371-015-1071-5. hdl:10722/215522. Rustamov, R.M. (July 4, 2007). " ...
Gerald E. Farin; Josef Hoschek; Myung-Soo Kim (2002). Handbook of Computer Aided Geometric Design. Elsevier. pp. 4-6. ISBN 978- ... November 1990). "Dead: Pierre Bezier". Computer-Aided Design. 22 (9). Retrieved 10 February 2012. "The Pierre Bézier Award". ... Computer-aided manufacturing by Pierre Bézier in 1971 as an engineer at Renault. Micral, earliest commercial, non-kit personal ... Modern design of ailerons by Henri Farman. First aircraft design with the modern monoplane tractor configuration of aircraft by ...
"A new digital human environment and assessment of vehicle interior design". Computer-Aided Design. 39 (7): 548-558. doi:10.1016 ... The Virtual Soldier Research program (VSR) is a research group within the University of Iowa Center for Computer-Aided Design ( ... Abdel-Malek, Karim (July 2007). "Human modeling and applications special issue". Computer-Aided Design. 39 (7): 539. doi: ... ASME 2008 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. ...
Correctness and complexity". Computer-Aided Design. 52: 1-16. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2014.02.006. Kirk Haller; Audrey Lee-St.John; ... The primary application area is computer aided design, where geometric constraint solving is used in both parametric history- ... Geometric constraint solving has applications in a wide variety of fields, such as computer aided design, mechanical ... R. Anderl; R. Mendgen (1996). "Modelling with constraints: theoretical foundation and application". Computer-Aided Design. 28 ( ...
"Use of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing to produce orthognathically ideal surgical outcomes: a paradigm ... A New Paradigm in Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation" (PDF). Computer-Aided Design. 59 (1): 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.cad. ... Her hand was designed by US-based e-NABLE, an open source design organisation which uses a network of volunteers to design and ... listing a printed design among their 100 most influential designs of the year. During the 2011 London Design Festival, an ...
Evans, A.; Edmonds, P. (May 25, 1973). "From Words to Wires". Computer-Aided Design. 5 (4): 237-241. doi:10.1016/0010-4485(73) ... Some systems have been able to accept high-level logic designs written in a design language similar to VHDL or Verilog and ... In wire-wrapping, electronic design automation can design the board, and optimize the order in which wires are placed. ... The computer program then sorts both the net list and pin list to be in alphabetic order by pin name. It then reads both lists ...
Prior to the advancement of Computer Aided Manufacturing, transferring information from design to production often required ... Computer-Aided Design. 122: 102825. arXiv:2002.07627. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2020.102825. S2CID 211146708. Manufacturing science and ... There are now many CAM (computer aided manufacturing) software systems available to support multiaxis machining including ... Once computer numerically controlled machining was introduced it provided a faster, more efficient method for machining complex ...
Choy, H.S.; Chan, K.W. (February 2003). "A corner-looping based tool path for pocket milling". Computer-Aided Design. 35 (2): ... Persson, H. (May 1978). "NC machining of arbitrarily shaped pockets". Computer-Aided Design. 10 (3): 169-174. doi:10.1016/0010- ... Computers and CNC machine tools continue to develop rapidly. The personal computer revolution has a great impact on this ... and was not as limited in application as previous designs. (Howe had designed a "universal miller" in 1852, but Brown's of 1861 ...
A new paradigm in digital manufacturing and design innovation" (PDF). Computer-Aided Design. 59: 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.cad. ... Product design (e.g. virtual reality) Process design (e.g. assisting in the design of manufacturing processes) Enterprise ... and other web technologies to aid in cloud design services. This type of system must be cloud computing-based, be accessible ... In addition, many technologies analyze data from simulations in order to calculate a design that is optimal before it is even ...
Computer-Aided Design. 30 (5): 343-356. doi:10.1016/s0010-4485(97)00083-3. ISSN 0010-4485. Wasserfall, Florens; Hendrich, ... Moreover, when the object needs to be iterated to find the optimal design it is not efficient to reprint the whole object over ... The process starts by designing an acoustic hologram. An acoustic hologram is a mask that will direct the sound field to form ... Since a product's interior can be filled using many different structures, design optimization through additive manufacturing is ...
Ding, S (February 2003). "Adaptive iso-planar tool path generation for machining of free-form surfaces". Computer-Aided Design ... Computer-Aided Design. 42 (7): 641-654. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2010.04.002. Poniatowska, Malgorzata (2015). "Free-form surface ... Computer-Aided Design. 62: 227-235. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2014.12.003.. ...
"Product data interfaces in CAD/CAM applications: Design, implementation and experiences". Computer-Aided Design. 19 (3): 158. ... CAD data exchange is a modality of data exchange used to translate data between different Computer-aided design (CAD) authoring ... ISBN 978-3-642-82428-9. Xu, X. (2009). Integrating advanced computer-aided design, manufacturing, and numerical control: ... ISBN 978-3-642-82428-9. Weisberg, D. E. (2008). The Engineering Design Revolution - The People, Companies and Computer Systems ...
Computer-Aided Design. 45 (11): 1306-1313. doi:10.1016/j.cad.2013.06.002. Soori, Mohsen; Arezoo, Behrooz; Habibi, Mohsen (2014 ... A computer simulation helps improve accuracy in the produced part. Virtual inspection systems such as surface finish, surface ... Zhang, J.; Ong, S.K.; Nee, A.Y.C. (2012). "Design and Development of an in situ Machining Simulation System Using Augmented ... Virtual machining is the practice of using computers to simulate and model the use of machine tools for part manufacturing. ...
JEL: M54 - Labor Management (team formation, worker empowerment, job design, tasks and authority, job satisfaction). JEL: M55 ... JEL: F35 - Foreign aid. JEL: F36 - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration. JEL: F37 - International Finance Forecasting and ... JEL: L63 - Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment. JEL: L64 - Other Machinery; Business Equipment; Armaments. ... JEL: P33 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid. JEL: P34 - Financial Economics. JEL: P35 - Public Economics. JEL ...
An understanding of a team's centralization versus distributed nature is important as it may inform tool design and aid new ... The user and programmer of a computer were one and the same. When the first commercial electronic computer was introduced by ... This did not stop the inventors from developing new ideas of how to bring the computer to the mass population. The next step ... Putting the price of the machine aside, it was the software that caused the problem when owning one of these computers. Then in ...
Design and development[edit]. The design and production of Atlas was overseen by the DARPA, an agency of the United States ... The New York Times said that its debut was "a striking example of how computers are beginning to grow legs and move around in ... Atlas is intended to aid emergency services in search and rescue operations, performing tasks such as shutting off valves, ... Atlas is equipped with two vision systems - a laser rangefinder and stereo cameras, both controlled by an off-board computer - ...
Medical equipment - Equipment designed to aid in the diagnosis, monitoring or treatment of medical conditions ... Health informatics is a relatively recent field that deal with the application of computers and information technology to ... sometimes designed for compatibility with the body to reduce side-effects. Genomics and knowledge of human genetics and human ...
"UW-Madison Computer Science Ph.D.s Awarded, May 1965 - August 1970". Retrieved 2010-11-08.. PhDs granted at UW-Madison Computer ... Almanac of Architecture & Design 2006. Retrieved 2011-04-18.. *^ Journal of the American Institute of ... 2010-03-03. Retrieved ... held that Title IX applied only to those programs receiving direct federal aid.[104] The case reached the Supreme Court when ... Alma Mater: Design and Experience in the Women's Colleges from Their Nineteenth-Century Beginnings to the 1930s (1984). ...
The EF Scale was designed so that a tornado rated on the Fujita scale would receive the same numerical rating, and was ... new insights as observations and new discoveries are integrated into our physical understanding and then tested in computer ... of new observation technologies and installation of finer spatial and temporal resolution observation networks have aided ... and the overpass itself was of a unique design.[116] Due to the Venturi effect, tornadic winds are accelerated in the confined ...
Designed by architects Peter Eisenman of New York and Richard Trott of Columbus, the center was funded in large part by Ohio ... the students are guaranteed admission to Ohio State as well as any need-based financial aid. The Land Grant Scholarship was ... Knowlton Hall was designed by Mac Scogin Merril Elam from Atlanta along with WSA Studio from Columbus, Ohio, and is home to the ... Its design has also been criticized as proving less than ideal for many of the art installations it has attempted to display. ...
Computer-aided diagnosis. *Imaging science. *List of civilian radiation accidents. *Medical imaging in pregnancy ... The United States saw its first medical X-ray obtained using a discharge tube of Ivan Pulyui's design. In January 1896, on ... in conjunction with a computer to create images of both soft and hard tissues. These images look as though the patient was ... of the United Nations have also been working in this area and have ongoing projects designed to broaden best practices and ...
Another computer scientist translated an old article in the Swedish technical journal Ny Teknika. Taubes says: "Ny Teknika ... University of Missouri-Columbia "$5.5 million gift aids search for alternative energy. Gift given by Sidney Kimmel Foundation, ... an insulated vessel designed to measure process heat. Current was applied continuously for many weeks, with the heavy water ... Taubes 1993, p. 214 says the similarity was discovered on 13 April 1991, by a computer scientist and disseminated via the ...
The design is based on the architectural style of different ancient stupas, among which the stupas of Sanchi, Borobodur, ... Wat Phra Dhammakaya offers funds to aid teachers and 323 temples in South]. Banmuang (in Thai). 1 January 2014. p. 13 - via ... a computer center and a broadcast center for the satellite television channel and radio channel.[326] The construction layout ... The Ubosot: Designed based on Wat Benchamabophit, the building was awarded an honourable mention by the Association of Siamese ...
Smart wheelchairs are designed for a variety of user types. Some are designed for users with cognitive impairments, such as ... Usually, a smart wheelchair is controlled via a computer, has a suite of sensors and applies techniques in mobile robotics, but ... A knee scooter is a related device with some features of a wheelchair and some of walking aids. Unlike wheelchairs they are ... A bariatric wheelchair is one designed to support larger weights; most standard chairs are designed to support no more than 250 ...
Other similar conferences are the International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, or ICCAD (technical only, no trade show), ... Design Automation and Test in Europe (DATE), Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASPDAC), and International ... "Women in Electronic Design" *^ "2016 Marie R. Pistilli Women in Engineering Achievement Award Nominations" (retrieved February ... The Design Automation Conference, or DAC, is an annual event, a combination of a technical conference and a trade show, both ...
Computer Aids for VLSI Design - Appendix D: Electronic Design Interchange Format by Steven M. Rubin ... EDIF (Electronic Design Interchange Format) is a vendor-neutral format based on S-Expressions in which to store Electronic ... In designing EDIF 3 0 0, the committees were well aware of the faults of the language, the calumny heaped on EDIF 2 0 0 by the ... To move from vendor A's to vendor B's systems usually meant a very expensive re-entry of almost all design data by hand into ...
Computers and mobile technologyEdit. Access technology such as screen readers, screen magnifiers and refreshable Braille ... Virgili G, Acosta R, Bentley SA, Giacomelli G (2018). "Reading aids for adults with low vision". Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 4 ... Gregor, P., Newell, A.F., Zajicek, M. (2002). Designing for Dynamic Diversity - interfaces for older people. Proceedings of the ... They use computers with special hardware such as scanners and refreshable Braille displays as well as software written ...
This design enables personnel to return to the surface without the need for a decompression chamber when they get there. ... Aquarius houses sophisticated lab equipment and computers, enabling scientists to perform research and process samples without ... Neutral buoyancy simulation as a training aid. *Neutral Buoyancy Simulator. *Space Systems Laboratory ... Aquarius, designed by Perry Submarine Builders of Florida and constructed by Victoria Machine Works, was built in Victoria, ...
"Computer Gaming World. p. 42. Retrieved 1 November 2013.. *^ Richard H. Riley (2008). Chapter 38: Society for Simulation in ... "Apollo's easy to use learning features are designed for teaching basic nursing and prehospital skills.".[41] ... Medical Aid Stations, and finally Hospitals.[58] Another advantage is that all casualties can be monitored through high-tech ... With the help of a UCSD School of Medicine student, Computer Gaming World reported that Surgeon (1986) for the Apple Macintosh ...
In May 1989, a charity version of the Gerry and the Pacemakers song "Ferry Cross the Mersey" was released in aid of those ... South Yorkshire Police had performed blood alcohol tests on the victims, some of them children, and ran computer checks on the ... The inquests also found that the design of the stadium contributed to the crush, and that supporters were not to blame for the ... In fact many Liverpool fans helped security personnel stretcher away victims and gave first aid to the injured.[12] [1][3][240] ...
"In aid of the Light Brigade Relief Fund" - catalogue entry". British Library. Retrieved 14 January 2011.. [permanent dead link] ... Consequently, she reduced peacetime deaths in the army and turned her attention to the sanitary design of hospitals and the ... to a wireless computer system it developed to assist nursing.[88] ... The recording, made in aid of the Light Brigade Relief Fund and available to hear online, says: When I am no longer even a ...
Kropotkin, Peter, Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1902). *. Oord, Thomas (2004). Science of Love. Philadelphia: Templeton ... is sensitive to subtle cues such as people being more helpful when there were stylized eyespots instead of a logo on a computer ... emergency aid, help to coalition partners, tipping, courtship gifts, production of public goods, and environmentalism.[6] ... and ineffective philanthropic and social programs that ultimately worsen the situations they are meant to aid.[46] ...
Fly larvae and fly eggs are used to aid in the determination of a PMI. In order for the data to be useful the larvae and eggs ... A technical hardback designed for professional entomologists.. *. Wells, J. D.; J. R. Stevens (2008). "Application of DNA-based ...
Computer usage[edit]. "T-Line" redirects here. For the rail line in San Francisco, see T Third Street. For the planned transit ... This metamaterial aids in cooling of water and increasing the efficiency of power generation, in which it would cool the ... Such facilities are built with intake structures designed to pump in large volumes of water at a high rate of flow. These ... Cooling hot computer components with various fluids has been in use since at least the Cray-2 in 1982, using Fluorinert. ...
M.E. - Computer Aided Design. *M.E. - Structural Engineering. *M.E. - Environmental Engineering ... It has MAC media lab in the Department of Information Technology which exclusively holds MAC computers. A large guest house is ...
It is considered a branch of computer science that is a subset of computer graphics. Brain mapping is a leading beneficiary of ... In modern scanners, three dimensional imaging is often accomplished with the aid of a CT X-ray scan performed on the patient ... X is a matrix that might be a design matrix, B is a matrix containing parameters that are usually to be estimated, and U is a ... Blob detection an area in computer vision, A blob is a region of a digital image in which some properties (such as brightness ...
Marks, Isaac M.; Mataix-Cols, D., Kenwright, M., Cameron, R., Hirsch, and S., Gega, L., "Pragmatic evaluation of computer-aided ... "employ a variety of techniques designed to facilitate the mind's capacity to affect bodily function and symptoms", and include ... Carroll, K. M., Ball, S. A., Martino, S., Nich, C., Babuscio, T. A., Nuro, K. F., and Rounsaville, B. J., Computer-assisted ... In Computer Applications and Industrial Electronics (ISCAIE), IEEE Symposium, 2012. Bruscia, K. (1998). Defining music therapy ...
Mechanical aids range from the ancient abacus to the modern computer, where research on the most efficient implementations of ... Flynn, M.; Oberman, S. (2001). Advanced Computer Arithmetic Design. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-41209-0.. ... Ifrah, Georges (2001). The Universal History of Computing: From the Abacus to the Quantum Computer. New York, NY: John Wiley & ... On a computer, if the result of an addition is too large to store, an arithmetic overflow occurs, resulting in an incorrect ...
The application of computer technology to the management of biological information.. biological organization. The hierarchy of ... A dark green to yellowish-brown fluid, produced by the liver of most vertebrates, which aids the digestion of lipids in the ... The application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic ... computer engineering, and genetic engineering.. systematics. The scientific study of biodiversity. It is concerned with the ...
He continued his research, with Rao's financial aid taking care of his daily needs. With Aiyer's help, Ramanujan had his work ... and a new design was issued on 26 December 2011, by the India Post.[72][73] ... Vasavi College of Engineering named its Department of Computer Science and Information Technology "Ramanujan Block". ...
Some cells are designed to handle sunlight that reaches the Earth's surface, while others are optimized for use in space. Solar ... which is used in computer chips as well as solar panels). The recession of 2008 and the onset of Chinese manufacturing caused ... funded by the Spanish international aid and cooperation programs. ... Most designs sandwich active material between two panes of glass. Since silicon solar panels only use one pane of glass, thin ...
Some are designed to spin visibly in the fluid stream to aid the user in determining whether the float is stuck or not. ... Energy flow rate is usually derived from mass or volumetric flow rate by the use of a flow computer. ... Though claims for high performance are made, they are generally not as precise as the sliding vane design.[2] ... The paddle wheel meter is designed to be inserted into a pipe fitting, either 'in-line' or insertion style. These are available ...
Some pack designs will include alternate current paths for pre-charging the drive system through a pre-charge resistor or for ... "EU approves 3.2 billion euro state aid for battery research". Reuters. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.. ... laptop computers, mobile phones, and power tools. The BEV and HEV marketplace has reaped the benefits of these advances both in ... Battery pack designs for Electric Vehicles (EVs) are complex and vary widely by manufacturer and specific application. However ...
For polynomial splines, the use of the Beta constraints allows greater design flexibility through the shape parameters without ... Geometric Continuity: A Parametrization Independent Measure of Continuity for Computer Aided Geometric Design. ... For polynomial splines, the use of the Beta constraints allows greater design flexibility through the shape parameters without ...
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Computer Aided Drafting. This course introduces 3D CAD techniques to demonstrate and … ... Using Autodesk Inventor software, this course is a continuation of 23.200, Computer Aided Drafting. This course introduces 3D ... Related Programs: Certificate in Computer Assisted Manufacturing, B.S. in Information Technology, B.S. in Mechanical ... CAD techniques to demonstrate and utilize 3D parametric modeling in the design process. Solid models will be constructed, used ...
Barry, Phillip ; Goldman, Ronald N. / Recursive polynomial curve schemes and computer-aided geometric design. In: Constructive ... Barry, P., & Goldman, R. N. (1990). Recursive polynomial curve schemes and computer-aided geometric design. Constructive ... Recursive polynomial curve schemes and computer-aided geometric design. Constructive Approximation. 1990 Mar 1;6(1):65-96. ... Barry, P & Goldman, RN 1990, Recursive polynomial curve schemes and computer-aided geometric design, Constructive ...
Computer-aided design Schouten Engineering BV offers high-quality engineering services on the area of structural and mechanical ... Schouten Engineering BV adopts the design philosophy that a design should be feasible, practical and easy to manufacture/build/ ...
... for CAAD at the Detmold School of Architecture and Interior Design focuses in teaching and research on computer-aided processes ... Today, computers have a critical influence on the way architects and interior designers work. The computer is the most ... TH OWLDesignStudiesLehrgebieteCAAD , Computer Aided Architectural Design CAAD , Computer Aided Architectural Design. ... of students in the use of computer-based tools, especially in the context of architecture and interior design. In this context ...
Computer aided design forms a large ammount of work here at Vader Design. ... Renderings are computer generated graphics to show the image of the 3D model/tool created at D3. This helps provide our clients ... Entrusting in our many years of experience, you can be confident that our designs will conform to the highest of engineering ...
Remember, LibreCAD is a free and very complete 2D Computer aided design software, and it is written LibreCAD, not Libre CAD. ...
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... Login to KOS for course enrollment Display time-table ... Welcome page , Faculty of Mechanical Engineering , Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering , Computer Aided ... Lectures and exercises are mutually interconnected and hold in computer laboratory with immediate computer demo or own solving ... Computing and plotting facilities in Matlab are shown from the viewpoint of usability in control system design. Demonstrative ...
Geometric modeling is essential to a computer-aided design package. While developing abstract data structures for basic CAD ... Dominant is the Tower of Babel of design languages ranging from very-high level software specification to very low level ... I examine the art of semiconductor design, and some specific problems with reconfigurable hardware. ...
Notes] Computer Aided Design. *Understanding the concept , Finite Element Method , Advantages of FEA , Disadvantages of FEA , ...
Using Computer Aided Design & Manufacture (Cad Cam) techniques to create very exciting and challenging jewellery pieces far ... Cad Cam - Computer Aided Design and Computer Aided Manufacture. Cad can be used as a tool to make more exciting designs that ... Seeing the design extrapolated from a 2 dimensional sketch to that of a computerised image allows the client to virtually see ... The gallery below shows the process of cad cam from the computer imagery to the finished pendant. ...
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Computer Aided Design (CAD). Updated Supply List for Fall 2018 Each student is expected to maintain a dedicated, organized 3 ... The successful completion of this course is a prerequisite for Architectural Drawing and Design (ARCH) and Principles of ... The following units provide a broad introduction to careers in design. ... Computer Aided Design (CAD). * ... Design and Drawing for Production (DDP) * Computer Aided Design ...
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If youre looking for a creative career with job security, benefits, and good wages, Computer-Aided Design (CAD) might be the ... CAD drafters, also called CAD technicians, are entry-level design professionals. They have general knowledge of CAD design ... architecture, interior design, product design, and electronics, to name just a few. ... A CAD career can give you a job in a variety of exciting industries, from engineering to product design to 3D printing. It ...
... to visualize and graphically describe 2D solutions to typical drafting problems using AutoCAD software as a drafting and design ...
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The Computer Aided Design and Drafting program at Herzing College can prepare you to become a skilled drafter in under 2 years ... Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (Elc.1Q) Training In Montreal. The Computer Aided Design and Drafting program can prepare ... Track A - Visualization & Animation in Engineering Design. *Track B - Manufacturing & Mechanical Engineering Drafting & Design ... of engineers and present them in the language of manufacturing and construction by producing drawings using a computer aided ...
Prediction of springback and minimum bending radius without failure are the main issues in die design for straight flanging ...
Computer Aided Detection (CAD). Login Required. Design, Editing And Rendering Software. Login Required ...
Dean, Mark, "THTR 555.01: Graduate Computer Aided Drafting and Design for Theatre" (2014). University of Montana Course Syllabi ...
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Question Paper for Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing (ME8691) [CAD, CADM] semester exams ... Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing (ME8691) MCQ, Notes, Question Papers & Syllabus. May 19, 2021 MECH-SEM6 Notes & QP ... Tags: CAD CADM Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing ME8691 R2017 Regulation 2017 ... PREVIOUS POST Design of Machine Elements - DME - (ME8593) MCQ, Notes, Question Papers & Syllabus ...
... design and manufacturing forum and discussion board. Engineers Edge is dedicated to developing and maintaining a friendly ... 08-27-2021, 09:07 AM in Computer Aided Design CAD Forum ... Computer Aided Design CAD Forum. (4 Viewing) Computer aided ... Engineering, Manufacturing & Design Forums Threads / Posts Last Post * Engineering and Design Main Forum , Engineers Edge ... Engineering Design & Manufacturing Calculators Forums Threads / Posts Last Post Engineers Edge User Contributed Calculators - ...
Computational materials science and computer-aided materials design and processing」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します ... Computational materials science and computer-aided materials design and processing. Rodion V. Belosludov, Hiroshi Mizuseki, ... Computational materials science and computer-aided materials design and processing. / Belosludov, Rodion V.; Mizuseki, Hiroshi ... Moreover, in parallel with the experimental efforts, computer-aided
Université de Montréal / Faculty of Arts and ScienceDepartment of Computer Science and Operations Research Je donne Menu ... Department of Computer Science and Operations Research. Pavillon André-Aisenstadt. 2920, chemin de la Tour. Montréal QC. H3T ...
  • The term CADD (for computer aided design and drafting) is also used. (
  • Accompanying this progress has been a growing reliance of experimental researchers on computer-aided drug design (CADD). (
  • Besides the heavy emphasis on computers, CADD relies extensively on various disciplines. (
  • CADD stands for Computer Aided Drafting and Design. (
  • CADD systems were developed along with the computer. (
  • When the power of computers increased, so did the possibilities of CADD. (
  • Images on CADD systems are drawn with the aid of a keyboard, mouse, or tracking ball. (
  • On some CADD systems, the computer itself can measure how long the line will be while the operator inputs the length of the line. (
  • Computer-aided drug design (CADD) is an interdisciplinary subject, playing a pivotal role during new drug research and development, especially the discovery and optimization of lead compounds. (
  • J. Yang, W. Y. Hua and S. X. Peng, "New trend of CADD-Receptor Structure-Based Drug Design," Journal of China Pharmaceutical University, Vol. 24, No. 3, 1993, pp. 187-192. (
  • How much does a CADD Designer (Computer Aided Design and Drafting Designer) make in the United States? (
  • The average cadd designer (computer aided design and drafting designer) salary in United States is $53,156 or an equivalent hourly rate of $26. (
  • An entry level cadd designer (computer aided design and drafting designer) (1-3 years of experience) earns an average salary of $38,827. (
  • On the other end, a senior level cadd designer (computer aided design and drafting designer) (8+ years of experience) earns an average salary of $65,055. (
  • Computer Aided Drafting and Design (CADD) is a hands-on based degree program using a wide variety of CADD software packages, including Autodesk products like AutoCAD, Civil 3D, Inventor, and Revit, Dassault Systèmes' SolidWorks, and Creo (formerly known as ProEngineer). (
  • Molecular Docking is widely used in CADD (Computer-Aided Drug Designing), SBDD (Structure-Based Drug Designing) and LBDD (Ligand-Based Drug Designing). (
  • CAD Operators or CADD operators (the two terms, although slightly different, refer to the same job) prepare technical plans and technical drawings on computers that are used in order to build things. (
  • Computer-Aided-Drafting & Design (CADD)/Pre-Engineering Instructor JobID: 1888 Position Type: High School Teaching 9-12 Grades/ Industrial-Technology Education Date Posted: 11/7/2017 Location: Quincy Area Vocational Center Computer-Aided-Drafting & Design (CADD)/Pre-Engineering Instructor Grades 9-12 QAVTC 181 Days 2017-18 School Year Qualifications: Valid IL Professional Educator License (PEL), secondary level with endorsement in. (
  • The computer-aided design and drafting certificate from Monroe Community College will prepare your for entry-level employment in the dynamic CADD field. (
  • Current Computer-Aided Drug Design aims to publish all the latest developments in drug design based on computational techniques. (
  • Current Computer-Aided Drug Design is an essential journal for all medicinal chemists who wish to be kept informed and up-to-date with all the latest and important developments in computer-aided methodologies and their applications in drug discovery. (
  • The first issue of the journal Current Computer-Aided Drug Design is reflective of the course taken by the editor on the broadest possible coverage of the methodology development and applications of modern computational drug discovery. (
  • A journal like Current Computer-Aided Drug Design (CC-ADD), which reports on timely comprehensive in-depth reviews and critical assessment of novel directions in the area of drug design and drug discovery, has been long overdue. (
  • Current Computer-Aided Drug Design was introduced in 2005 and Dr. Subhash C. Basak is acting as an Editor-in-Chief since 2012. (
  • Technavio has published a new market research report on the global mechanical computer-aided design market from 2018-2022. (
  • LONDON--( BUSINESS WIRE )--The global mechanical computer-aided design (MCAD) market is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 7% during the period 2018-2022, according to a new market research study by Technavio . (
  • The design of geometric models for object shapes, in particular, is occasionally called computer-aided geometric design (CAGD). (
  • Architectural geometry Artificial Architecture Association for Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia Comparison of CAD software Computer-aided design Design computing Digital morphogenesis Geometric modeling kernel Scottish Qualifications Authority, Resource Management. (
  • Geometric Programming is currently of interest in CAD (Computer Aided Design) and related areas such as computer graphics, modeling and animation, scientific simulation and robotics. (
  • It begins by introducing the basic programming with PLaSM and algebraic and geometric foundations of shape modeling, the foundations of computer graphics, solid modeling and geometric modeling of manifolds follows and finally discusses the application of geometric programming. (
  • Digital representations targeting design and simulation for Additive Manufacturing (AM) are addressed from the perspective of Computer Aided Geometric Design. (
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  • CAD refers to a specific type of drawing and modeling software application that is used for creating designs and technical drawings. (
  • Computer-aided molecular modeling helps determine which molecules should be synthesized and tested. (
  • Contributions on computer-aided molecular modeling studies in pharmaceutical, polymer, materials and surface sciences, as well as other molecular-based disciplines, are particularly welcome. (
  • PTC has been at the forefront with its computer-aided design solutions and is the industry standard for product design and development software for parametric modeling, simulation/analysis, and product documentation for more than 30 years. (
  • This innovation produced the first parametric and feature-based solid modeling CAD software in the market, which today is known as Creo, the industry standard for product design and development software. (
  • A Tool for Modeling Dynamics in Conceptual Design. (
  • These are solid and surface modeling systems are hierarchically organized, constraint-based, and allow a clear understanding of design history. (
  • These environments also support parametric modeling based on specified local constraints, feature-based design approaches, application modeling (e.g., sheet metal design, mold-making), assembly modeling, and a have a variety of other capabilities (e.g., structural, electrical, mechanical and other specialized design activities). (
  • Schrödinger Inc., a technology leader in atomic-scale modeling and physics-based chemical simulations, announced today that it is collaborating with Professor Chihaya Adachi of Japan's Kyushu University, to advance the development and design of organic electronics. (
  • The company's full product offerings range from general molecular modeling programs to a comprehensive suite of drug design software. (
  • The course covers approaches for structure-based antibody design and includes protein-protein interactions analysis, in silico protein engineering, affinity modeling and antibody homology modeling. (
  • ICCAMDAS 2021 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Computer Aided Modeling, Design, Analysis and Simulation . (
  • Product Design Modeling using CAD/CAE is the third part of a four-part series. (
  • An energy modeling computer simulation was used to optimize solar orientation, insulation values, and the form of the building. (
  • The results of computer simulation are given. (
  • To simplify and expedite the design process a computer simulation tool is developed using ADAMS. (
  • From generative design and additive manufacturing to simulation and analysis, learn more about Creo's capabilities in 3D part and assembly design, analysis, manufacturing, and more. (
  • Four important computer programs, ie the profile generation program, the geometrical characteristics calculation program, the working process simulation program and the cutter blade calculation program, are developed and presented in the thesis. (
  • Our military simulation technology has proven to reduce cost and time (up to 33%) in design, testing, fielding, and training. (
  • Instead, computer simulation applied to tissue engineering can offer a more exhaustive approach to test and screen out biomaterials. (
  • CAD is mainly used for detailed engineering of 3D models or 2D drawings of physical components, but it is also used throughout the engineering process from conceptual design and layout of products, through strength and dynamic analysis of assemblies to definition of manufacturing methods of components. (
  • GINCOD: A Graphical Tool for Conceptual Design of Data Base Applications. (
  • A Workbench for Conceptual Design in Galileo. (
  • This conference paper was presented at the Sixth International Conference on Computer Aided Industrial Design and Conceptual Design (CAID & CD2005). (
  • Like fitting puzzle pieces within an abstract shape, the sequence wasn't a perfect fit for the pre-designed structure. (
  • The problem of modelling the design objects in an abstract schema and the interrelation between the schema and the planning of the individual step in the design are analysed. (
  • CAD software is used to increase the productivity of the designer, improve the quality of design, improve communications through documentation, and to create a database for manufacturing. (
  • Curves and boundary points can be used to determine surface spaces - a feature that is very useful in design and manufacturing applications. (
  • Creo includes breakthrough capabilities in additive manufacturing, generative design, IoT, model-based definition (MBD), and augmented reality (AR). (
  • The report, however, does not cover CAM (computer-aided manufacturing), CAE (computer-aided engineering), and other engineering software solutions. (
  • This practical programme develops the knowledge and skills needed to develop your career in manufacturing or engineering design, whether you're just starting out or you're an experienced designer looking to acquire specialist 3D design skills. (
  • This course is the first of a two-part series that addresses the use of computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques in architecture. (
  • The course focuses on the nature of digital tools that are used in the design development, component manufacturing, and construction control phases of a project that occur after preliminary design stages. (
  • The technologies will be related to the historical context within which they were developed and to the design and manufacturing environments in which they are used today. (
  • The course is intended to provide general knowledge in the field of Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing as well as the practical knowledge required to usefully engage available CAD/CAM resources. (
  • This course will function as a prerequisite for 6320, Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing: Manufacturing Processes, and may be taken coincidentally with 6319, Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing: Design Development. (
  • CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) is software used to design products such as electronic circuit boards in computers and other devices. (
  • Ideal if you are looking to work in the field of manufacturing or engineering design. (
  • In this part of the book we consider how computers are used to control manufacturing processes. (
  • Finally, Chapter 20 presents a good example of computer process control in manufacturing by examining computer-integrated manufacturing systems. (
  • Today's computer aided design systems enable the creation of digital product definitions that are widely used throughout the design process, for example in analysis or manufacturing. (
  • The designs that CAD operators produce are used to control automated machines through CAM (computer aided machining), so it is an essential skill for the manufacturing process. (
  • You may choose to continue your education by applying the credits earned in this program to an Associate of Applied Science in Manufacturing Engineering Technology - Computer Aided Design . (
  • Operates computer-aided design system and peripheral equipment to resize or modify integrated circuit designs and to generate computer tape of artwork for use in producing mask plates used in manufacturing integrated circuits: Reviews work order and procedural manuals to determine critical dimensions of design. (
  • As ICs increased in complexity their design and manufacturing turn-around times stretched out to years even as some end product life cycles shrank to a single season. (
  • Our Digital Prototyping tools such as Inventor and Product Design & Manufacturing Collection help designers and engineers design, visualise and simulate complete products, before they are built. (
  • Computer-aided Design and Computer-aided Manufacturing Software (CAD/CAM) Suppliers in New York: Hypertherm, Inc. (
  • and design analysis and manufacturing. (
  • Hypertherm designs and manufactures advanced cutting products for use in a variety of industries such as shipbuilding, manufacturing, and automotive repair. (
  • ICTCAD 2020 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Technology Computer Aided Design . (
  • Designers in architecture, electronics, and aerospace or automotive engineering, for example, use computer-aided design (CAD) systems and software to prepare drawings and specifications that once could only be drawn or written by hand. (
  • Architectural renderings and drawings can be modeled on computers as searching, selection, and computational tasks. (
  • Computer-aided design is a way to digitally create 2D drawings and 3D models of real-world products-before they're ever manufactured. (
  • Containing over 1000 helpful drawings, equations, and tables, this is a valuable reference for circuit design, electrical, and electronics engineers, and serves as an excellent text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines. (
  • thus it attracted very little interest from a user community that was generally content with continuing the practice of communicating design intent with 2D drawings. (
  • 2-D drawings are normally completed later in the design cycle. (
  • Computer-Aided Drafting and Design Technicians prepare detailed drawings based on rough sketches, specifications, and calculations made by scientists, engineers, architects, and designers. (
  • Objectives : To provide an introduction to Computer Aided Design, and an awareness of producing drawings using AutoCAD and/or AutoCAD LT software. (
  • Drafters, or CAD operators, used to prepare drafting drawings by hand but now mainly use computers to do their jobs. (
  • CAD operators create drawings on the computer, where they are stored and can be shared. (
  • Keeping drawings on the computer permits CAD operators to quickly and easily access and change their drawings if need be. (
  • Today, industrial designers use powerful desktop computers to generate three-view drawings and create 3D prototypes and models. (
  • CAD design tools such as AutoCAD Civil 3D and InfraWorks (US site) software are used to create intelligent 3D models and engineering drawings for land development (US site), transportation (US site), utilities and telecom (US site), and water and wastewater projects. (
  • It analyzes many industrial examples and methodologies while focusing on the algorithms, implementation procedures, and system architectures that will lead to a fully automated or semi-automated computer-aided injection mold design system (CADIMDS). (
  • Important Issues in Database Design Methodologies and Tools. (
  • This book chapter will provide an overview of diverse docking methodologies present that are used in drug design and development. (
  • The techniques and methodologies described demonstrate the advances being made in developing analog design tools comparable with those already available for digital design. (
  • Technology Computer Aided Design for Si, SiGe and GaAs Integrated Circuits is the first book that deals with a broad spectrum of process and device design, and modelling issues related to various semiconductor devices. (
  • Automated design tools reduce the development engineering time to design and deliver complex custom integrated circuits. (
  • In mechanical design it is known as mechanical design automation (MDA) or computer-aided drafting (CAD), which includes the process of creating a technical drawing with the use of computer software. (
  • CAD software for mechanical design uses either vector-based graphics to depict the objects of traditional drafting, or may also produce raster graphics showing the overall appearance of designed objects. (
  • A growing interest towards gemotric programming is forecast in the next few years with respect to market specific CAD applications (e.g. for architecture and mechanical CAD) and web-based collaborative design environments. (
  • Written for Industrial Practioners developing CAD software, mechanical engineers in Graphics, CAD and CAM, undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Computer Science and Mechanical Engineering,as well as programmers involved with developing visualization software. (
  • The report presents a comprehensive research of the global mechanical computer-aided design market by end-user that includes industrial machinery industry, automotive industry, aerospace and defense industry, and electrical and electronics industry. (
  • The data from the computer can be fed into a mechanical production line, and the object can be automatically built to specifications. (
  • Inventor helps you to integrate electrical designs into a full digital prototype, giving electrical engineers and mechanical engineers the flexibility to smoothly share data and collaborate on full systems design integration. (
  • Several case studies of finite-element studies in tissue engineering show the usefulness of computer simulations in determining the mechanical environment of cells when seeded into a scaffold and the proper design of the geometry and stiffness of the scaffold. (
  • A coupled thermo-mechanical-metallurgical model is employed in this work to facilitate the heat treatment design of a ductile iron differential case. (
  • This recent success demonstrates that with good experimental backing, the synergy between experimental and computational approaches to drug design can significantly advance the discovery process. (
  • As a compliment to biophysical FBDD methods, insilico FBDD uses structure-based approaches to rapidly design and screen large libraries of virtual compounds, allowing for the exploration of a much larger chemical space. (
  • The webinar will describe insilico FBDD methods ranging from combinatorial fragment design to scaffold-hopping in the receptor active site, along with approaches for fragment linking and growing. (
  • To speed the availability of prototype quantities of complex custom circuits for the Air Force in 1967 IBM and Texas Instruments developed 'discretionary-wiring' approaches that employed a unique computer-generated (1966 Milestone) metal mask for every wafer. (
  • Two approaches developed for volume production of custom designs are gate arrays and standard cells - collectively known as Application-Specific ICs (ASIC). (
  • There have been many approaches proposed for the computer-aided design of control systems. (
  • The term drug design describes the search of novel compounds with biological activity, on a systematic basis. (
  • Traditionally, the drug design process has focused on the molecular determinants of the interactions between the drug and its known or intended molecular target. (
  • Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design - incl. (
  • The Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design provides a form for disseminating information on both the theory and the application of computer-based methods in the analysis and design of molecules. (
  • The Computer Aided Molecular Design- Continuous Molecular Targeting (CAMD-CoMT) framework proposed by Bardow et al is an effective way of tackling the integrated process and solvent design problem and does not require decoupling the two optimization problems. (
  • Continuous-Molecular Targeting for Integrated Solvent and Process Design. (
  • The University of Michigan will lead the effort to expand and enhance the molecular data needed to develop computer programs that more accurately predict potential drug candidates. (
  • Agarwal, Rahul, Ashutosh Singh and Subhabrata Sen. "Role of Molecular Docking in Computer-Aided Drug Design and Development. (
  • Applied Case Studies and Solutions in Molecular Docking-Based Drug Design. (
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  • The architectural design processes tend to integrate models isolated so far. (
  • Therefore, the designer should have maximum visual control over the processes taking place within the design continuum. (
  • Nevertheless, current drug design also takes into consideration other relevant processes than influence drug efficacy and safety (e.g., bioavailability, metabolic stability, interaction with antitargets). (
  • Examining processes that affect more than 70 percent of consumer products ranging from computers to medical devices and automobiles, this reference presents the latest research in automated plastic injection and die casting mold design and manufacture. (
  • Consequently, there is a gulf between the exploration processes that result in the selection of a design concept and the creation of its definition. (
  • Calculates figures to convert design dimensions to resizing dimensions specified for subsequent production processes, using conversion chart and calculator. (
  • Industry-specific AutoCAD applications and Revit-based software offer specialised tools for building design processes, while Architecture, Engineering & Construction Collection unites these products, plus additional software and services, in one convenient portfolio. (
  • To develop processes and issues associated with design development. (
  • Finally, current perspectives indicate that more efforts need to be put into the development of such advanced studies, with the removal of technical limitations such as computer power and the inclusion of more accurate biological and genetic processes into the developed algorithms. (
  • A Software Engineering Approach to Database Design: The Galileo Project. (
  • Fragment-based drug design (FBDD) is a key approach in the discovery of high-quality drug candidates. (
  • The design approach has identified a number of novel bis-phosphine oxide ligands that are better organized for lanthanide complexation than previously studied examples. (
  • Global Design to Gain a Competitive Edge: An Holistic and Collaborative Design Approach based on Computational Tools. (
  • A logical way to test this approach to computer-aided design is to apply DELIGHT.Mary.Lin to a number of real control system design problems and see how well it performs. (
  • In this paper, a review of the current approach in biomaterials designed through computer-aided design (CAD) and through finite-element modelling is given. (
  • The table below provides an overview of computer-aided design (CAD) software. (
  • For all-purpose 3D programs, see Comparison of 3D computer graphics software . (
  • Designs made through CAD software are helpful in protecting products and inventions when used in patent applications. (
  • Because of its enormous economic importance, CAD has been a major driving force for research in computational geometry, computer graphics (both hardware and software), and discrete differential geometry. (
  • Current computer-aided design software packages range from 2D vector-based drafting systems to 3D solid and surface modelers. (
  • Computer-aided architectural design (CAAD) The founder of the software is Great legend Kishore software programs are the repository of accurate and comprehensive records of buildings and are used by architects and architectural companies. (
  • Computer-aided design also known as CAD was originally the type of program that architects used, but since CAD could not offer all the tools that architects needed to complete a project, CAAD developed as a distinct class of software. (
  • In a more general sense, CAAD also refers to the use of any computational technique in the field of architectural design other than by means of architecture-specific software. (
  • For example, software which is specifically developed for the computer animation industry (e.g. (
  • Specialized software, for example for calculating structures by means of the finite element method, is used in architectural design and in that sense may fall under CAAD. (
  • On the other hand, such software is seldom used to create new designs. (
  • Offline Computer - Download Bookshelf software to your desktop so you can view your eBooks with or without Internet access. (
  • The design software selects alternatives using a generate-and-test process. (
  • Enhanced capability design-rule halos for use in Computer Aided Design (CAD) software programs are described. (
  • a cursor-movement device coupled to the computer, wherein movement of the cursor-movement device results in the CAD software program moving the design feature and the design-rule halo on the computer monitor. (
  • As students in design disciplines had not got any technical training, they encountered difficulties in using the computer software, and sometimes they could not get what they wanted through CAD. (
  • Apparently, this discrepancy is getting smaller over the years, and now students without technical background are able to use computer software to assist design effortlessly. (
  • The industry's first pure Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) product development platform that unites robust computer-aided design with powerful data management, collaboration tools, and real-time analytics. (
  • PTC's 3D CAD software solution Creo streamlines workflows and makes product design a seamless, creative experience. (
  • DUBLIN - (BUSINESS WIRE) - November 16, 2011 - Research and Markets ( ) has announced the addition of the " Computer-aided Design Software Market in Australia 2010-2014 " report to their offering. (
  • TechNavio's report, Computer-aided Design Software Market in Australia 2010-2014 , has been prepared based on an in-depth analysis of the market with inputs from industry experts. (
  • Commenting on the report, an analyst from TechNavio's Engineering Software team said, With the need to improve product quality, several industries such as Automotive OEMs, Die Mold (DM) PM (Part Manufacturers), Architectural Consultants, Building Promoters, Machine Tool Manufacturers, and Plant Design industries, have started to adopt 3D CAD solutions. (
  • The concept of a CAD software machine is introduced, and rules for designing such machines are given. (
  • Computer aided design CAD software is a hot technology. (
  • It is designed to provide you with the knowledge and practical skills necessary to understand the Computer Aided Machining (CAM) process and operate industry-standard Computer Aided Design (CAD) software. (
  • Autodesk provides CAD design software for a wide range of industries. (
  • Since the introduction of AutoCAD software in 1982, Autodesk has been a leader in developing CAD design software. (
  • Since 1982, Autodesk has been redefining what CAD design can do through Digital Prototyping and Building Information Modelling (BIM) (US site) software, which enable extended teams to explore their projects's key physical and functional characteristics digitally, before the projects are built. (
  • CAD design software is used from concept through completion by professionals working in architecture (US site), construction (US site), MEP engineering (US site) and structural engineering (US site) and by building owners, operators and managers (US site). (
  • Autodesk's BIM software can help design and engineering teams, contractors and owners create and manage building projects faster, more economically and with less environmental impact. (
  • CAD design software is used throughout the product development cycle. (
  • Our CAD design software is also used in complex designs for the automotive (US site) industry. (
  • Maya 3D animation software and 3ds Max modelling and animation software enable you to create sophisticated effects, design innovative experiences and improve production efficiency. (
  • Autodesk electrical design and electrical control design software addresses the specific workflows for electrical controls systems designers. (
  • Learn more about our Technology Impact Programme and see if you qualify for free design and engineering software. (
  • Autodesk is a leader in 3D design, engineering and entertainment software. (
  • Womenswear Spring/Summer 2014 Project Aims: To familiarize students with Computer Aided Design Software Kaleda Prints, Knits and Weaves. (
  • As the head of one of the largest software companies in the world, and the largest single software company serving the global AEC market, Bass has has used his influence on the entire industry to position an awareness of the need for environmental-friendly design. (
  • Riddle developed early CAD software for micro-based computers. (
  • The challenge taken up by ARCADES is to invert the trend of CAD industry lagging behind mathematical breakthroughs and to build the next generation of CAD software based on strong foundations from algebraic geometry, differential geometry, scientific computing, and algorithm design. (
  • Our game-changing methods lead to real-time modelers for architectural geometry and visualisation, to isogeometric and design-through-analysis software for shape optimisation, and marine design & hydrodynamics, and to tools for motion design, robot kinematics, path planning, and control of machining tools. (
  • Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computers (or workstations) to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design. (
  • Nicolaou CA, Brown N (2013) Multi-objective optimization methods in drug design. (
  • Manufacturers and designers also use CAD technology to study optimization, performance, and reliability problems in prototypes and in already existing designs. (
  • Design also takes the form of optimization. (
  • Bhivare, A. and Gokhale, N., "Optimization of Design Parameters Related to the Engine Mounting Using A Computer Aided Model," SAE Technical Paper 990027, 1999, . (
  • Two Case Studies in Optimization-Based Computer-Aided Design of Control Systems. (
  • The co-authors of this paper include several strong proponents of a design methodology emphasizing designer's intuition, man-machine interaction and sophisticated optimization techniques. (
  • Rational, computer-aided design of small molecules with desirable pharmacological properties is needed to reduce the costs and increase the success rate of the drug development process. (
  • Its use in designing electronic systems is known as electronic design automation (EDA). (
  • Starting around the mid 1960s, with the IBM Drafting System, computer-aided design systems began to provide more capability than just an ability to reproduce manual drafting with electronic drafting, the cost-benefit for companies to switch to CAD became apparent. (
  • These mappings are abstractions that are introduced in order to discuss the process of design and deployment of CAAD systems. (
  • In designing the systems the system developers usually consider surface structures. (
  • A one-to-one mapping is the typical statement, which is to develop a computer based functionality that maps as closely as possible into a corresponding manual design activity, for example, drafting of stairs, checking spatial conflict between building systems, and generating perspectives from orthogonal views. (
  • In early CAD systems, computer programs used numerical methods to simulate real events, evaluate and analyze structures, and calculate optimal performance levels. (
  • automated design and drafting systems became available. (
  • Integration of process and solvent design towards a novel generation of CO2 absorption capture systems. (
  • More specifically, the present methods and systems provide for interactive computer-aided design (CAD) in dental applications. (
  • According to the report, CAD systems are being used in diverse applications apart from the usual engineering and architectural designs. (
  • Ideally, you will be familiar with current Windows operating systems and have basic relevant design experience. (
  • Related topics including the use of three-dimensional digitizing systems to create initial design models, rapid prototyping systems for design confirmation, and specific design development tools, such as those used in steel fabrication, will also be addressed.Prerequisites: Completion of GSD 2107 or equivalent. (
  • In Chapter 18 we survey the various types of computer process control systems, such as direct digital control (DDC) and supervisory computer control. (
  • Chapter 3 starts with a systems analysis of the design process. (
  • Emphasis is laid upon the resource aspect and its influence on the design of CAD systems. (
  • Evaluation of the capabilities of commercially available Computer Aided Design (CAD) Systems for made to measure on Army and Air Force Men's Dress Coats. (
  • The research outlined in this paper results from work concerned with addressing these issues, with the long term goal of informing a new generation of computer aided design systems which support design exploration as well as the production of product definitions. (
  • Operate computer-aided design systems and peripheral equipment. (
  • CAD design systems in 2D and 3D are used to visually draft plant or factory layout designs . (
  • aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Technology Computer Aided Design. (
  • ARCADES aims at disrupting the traditional paradigm in Computer-Aided Design (CAD) by exploiting cutting-edge research in mathematics and algorithm design. (
  • Maya and 3DStudio Max), is also used in architectural design. (
  • This fall, home economics students will get their hands on one of the computers to do architectural renderings, interior decoration and possibly even fashion designs. (
  • Dr. Subhash C. Basak, a Senior Scientist and Adjunct Professor at the University of Minnesota Duluth, has more than 40 years of experience in mathematical /computational chemistry and computer aided drug design. (
  • Lathrop, J.W., Clark, R.S., Hull, J.E., Jennings, R.M. 'A discretionary wiring system as the interface between design automation and semiconductor array manufacture,' Proceedings of the IEEE Vol. 55, Issue 11 (Nov. 1967) pp. 1988-1997. (
  • EMA Design Automation, Inc. (
  • SOLIDWORKS design tables help you to efficiently create and manage model configurations. (
  • In SOLIDWORKS, a design table can accomplish this same purpose. (
  • This monograph attempts to bridge the gap between device modelling and process design using TCAD. (
  • In order to address this distinction, between design exploration and product definition, understanding of how designers create and manipulate shapes is necessary. (
  • Shape grammars have been applied in a range of domains, commonly to generate shapes or designs that conform to a given style. (
  • An evolutionary design system based on the genetic algorithm techniques generates shapes and the designer interacts with the system to identify shapes that should be used in the genetic creation of future generations. (
  • The application of the programs and the design optimisation technique are presented, which include leakage analysis, compressor geometrical parameter optimisation, rotor-to-rotor clearance distribution optimisation and cutter blade shape optimisation etc. (
  • The criteria used to acces the work includes research analysis, creative development, technical skills, market awareness, design realization, self-management, presentation and evaluation though one on one and group critiques. (
  • Hide Menu Back advanced Action Required Consume License If your ppm is a analysis, you can trust your serotonin to be persistence: level computer be Application in with your American Meteorological Society author Log In Register Pair Device Purchase You can be one of your Pages to be this reign. (
  • Finite Elements in Analysis and Design 134:82-91. (
  • According to one of many possible embodiments, an interactive dental computer-aided design (CAD) system includes a graphical user interface for displaying at least one three-dimensional (3D) image for viewing by an operator, an access interface for receiving input from the operator, and a prosthesis design module providing design tools for creating a virtual 3D model of a dental prosthesis responsive to operator input. (
  • a prosthesis design module providing design tools for creating a virtual 3D model of a dental prosthesis responsive to operator input. (
  • 2 . The system of claim 1 , wherein said design tools include an occlusal tool configured to enable the operator to select an occlusal scheme for said virtual 3D model. (
  • 8 . The system of claim 1 , wherein said design tools include a gingival tool configured to enable the operator to select or modify a type of margin and an emergence angle for said virtual 3D model. (
  • 13 . The system of claim 1 , wherein said design tools include an output tool configured to enable the operator to select a type of fabrication for said dental prosthesis. (
  • 14 . The system of claim 1 , wherein said design tools include a wax tool configured to enable the operator to shape said virtual 3D model by adding or subtracting virtual wax. (
  • 15 . The system of claim 1 , wherein said design tools include functions for enabling the operator to view different views of said 3D image for analyzing a patient's dentition at different contextual levels, said different levels including an individual tooth level, a single arch level, and a whole mouth level. (
  • This has led to the term 'CAD Operator,' which stands for Computer Aided Design Operator. (
  • The Computer Aided Design Operator program is a one-year certificate program that builds on the Short-Term Computer Aided Design certificate . (
  • A selection of papers is included into this proceedings vo- lume since they reflect the current state of research in areas of interest to the field of (KB)DDS, and/or they are the value for the dissemination and exchange of information related to research topicsof interest, and/or they describe relevant practical experience related to designing, buil- ding, implementing and using (KB)DSS. (
  • This invaluable guide in this challenging area of precision engineering summarizes key findings and innovations from the authors' many years of research on intelligent mold design technologies. (
  • The ability to screen compounds and accurately predict their binding properties using only computers would greatly impact the drug development process and many other aspects of biomedical research. (
  • Also, high quality research contributions describing original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of Technology Computer Aided Design are cordially invited for presentation at the conference. (
  • An early prototype is presented and demonstrated on design sketches of martini glasses taken from a student research project. (
  • Part III, Analog Computer Aided Design , presents the latest research towards providing analog circuit designers with the tools needed to automate much of the design process. (
  • The result of this brainstorming is contained in Analog Circuit Design , which is thus an important reference for researchers and design engineers working in the forefront of analog circuit design and research.Huijsing, Johan H. is the author of 'Analog Circuit Design Operational Amplifiers, Analog to Digital Converters, Analog Computer Aided Design' with ISBN 9780792392880 and ISBN 0792392884. (
  • The current research is aimed at combining formal aesthetic and functional elements within the chromosome description of the objects and to provide computer-based fitness functions to work in conjunction with input from the designer to guide the optimisation of the evolutionary designs. (
  • The design process covers the complete life cycle of the building. (
  • The earliest uses of this technology demonstrated the need for fast computers with the ability to process large quantities of data. (
  • Due to various constraints on design parameters it's difficult to apply all theoretical considerations in the design process. (
  • Altium Designer maintains a two-way connection between schematics and the PCB, providing a unified interface and data model throughout the design process to improve productivity. (
  • Baker and his colleagues designed their novel protein using an iterative process. (
  • In this first chapter, the problem of interfacing the computer with the process is examined. (
  • These are essential constituents of the iterative process, leading to a feasible and, one hopes, optimal design. (
  • The notion of a process is introduced as a fundamental tool to describe activities like design as a whole, computer-aided design, program executions, terminal sessions etc. (
  • Computer Aided Design (CAD) has replaced the manual drafting process and allows three-dimensional design of parts and components in industries that include automotive, steel, plastics, and more. (
  • It is the first book to integrate discussion of computer design tools throughout the design process. (
  • Furthermore, many CAD applications now offer advanced rendering and animation capabilities so engineers can better visualize their product designs. (
  • Applications and design considerations. (
  • Monumental Computer Applications, Inc. (
  • The second system is deep structure which means that the operations performed by the computer have natural limitations. (
  • The 1980s brought the first CAD system to be available on a personal computer rather than a mainframe computer. (
  • 4. The computer system of claim 1 wherein said stop indicator comprises an audible-stop indicator. (
  • 5. The computer system of claim 1 wherein said stop indicator comprises a visual-stop indicator displayed on the computer monitor. (
  • The Logical Design in the DATAID Project: The EASYMAP System. (
  • Via the use of parent-child relationships, design changes and parametric variations can be made at will and propagated through a whole system. (
  • The Saenger/Horus system is designed to provide a cheap method of launching astronauts and cargo into space. (
  • Byzanthine, the common and civilized download Computer Aided pills and some of the few philosophers in the system. (
  • Digital Prototyping tools such as Inventor help you to create, document and share designs, while AutoCAD P&ID helps you to create and manage piping and instrumentation diagrams. (
  • This year the award-the Newcomb Cleveland Prize-went to researchers who computer-designed and then synthesized a protein that matched the design. (
  • The curriculum covers a broad base of current Computer Aided Design and Engineering skills necessary for success and productivity in modern industry. (
  • In its most common form, it involves modification of a known active scaffold or linking known active scaffolds, although de novo drug design (i.e., from scratch) is also possible. (
  • Though highly interrelated, identification of active scaffolds should be conceptually separated from drug design. (
  • Hartenfeller M, Schneider G (2011) De novo drug design. (
  • He was not, however, interested in becoming a physician and chose instead to study the origin of disease without being involved in the experimental side of drug design and discovery. (
  • Harold Kohn, Kenan chair of the division of medicinal chemistry and natural products, who has frequently collaborated with Tropsha, says, "The speed of computer-aided drug discovery fits Alex's personality. (
  • As of Volume 15, a number of issues per volume will be dedicated to Perspectives in Drug Discovery and Design and from time to time overviews will be included in `regular' JCAMD issues. (
  • Perspectives in Drug Discovery and Design was established to publish succinct overviews of current developments in the multidisciplinary area of drug discovery and design. (
  • The intended scope of Perspectives in Drug Discovery and Design is greater than that of specialty journals and draws from fields both central and supplementary to those of drug discovery and design. (
  • In each thematic issue invited experts provide recent developments, highlight opportunities and indicate current limitations concerning the use of computers in drug discovery and design. (
  • The field of computer-aided drug design has had extensive impact in the area of drug design. (
  • Each issue contains a series of timely, in-depth reviews written by leaders in the field, covering a range of computational techniques for drug design, screening, ADME studies, etc., providing excellent rationales for drug development. (
  • A project just funded by the National Institutes of Health plans to take computer-aided drug design to the next level. (
  • J. Yang, "Application of Computer-Aided Drug Design to Traditional Chinese Medicine," International Journal of Organic Chemistry , Vol. 3 No. 1A, 2013, pp. 1-16. (
  • He will graduate with an AAS in Computer-Aided Drafting and Design at the end of the Winter 2015 semester, yet he is already working in the field as a Designer. (
  • CAD is also widely used to produce computer animation for special effects in movies, advertising and technical manuals, often called DCC digital content creation. (
  • The main intention of the workshop was to brainstorm with a group of about 100 analog design experts on the new possibilities and future developments on the above topics. (
  • CAD technology, however, allows users to rapidly produce a computer-generated prototype and then test and analyze the prototype under a variety of simulated conditions. (
  • 6) Apply Computer Aided Design tools to analyze the functional parameters of parts and assemblies. (
  • CAD technology is used in the design of tools and machinery and in the drafting and design of all types of buildings, from small residential types (houses) to the largest commercial and industrial structures (hospitals and factories). (
  • Considering the shared use of digital design tools and the exchange of information and knowledge between designers and across different projects, we speak of a design continuum. (
  • Integrated Tools for Physical Database Design in CODASYL Environment. (
  • This course is designed to provide essential tools and knowledge for CAD Managers to create and manage AutoCAD company standards. (
  • Gain an insight into Computer Aided Design with this Level 1 CAD (3D) City and Guilds programme. (
  • You will work at your own pace through a set programme on a computer with a 2015 licensed version of CAD already installed. (
  • The modern ubiquity and power of computers means that even perfume bottles and shampoo dispensers are designed using techniques unheard of by engineers of the 1960s. (
  • The term computer-aided design appeared in the late 1960s (Abbas, 1976). (
  • Since then, many different disciplines of engineering applied CAD, and the industries also needed staff possessing this kind of skills to make their designs and products to catch up with the trend. (
  • Some institutes had offered CAD course as an elective subject, or combined the knowledge of CAD in other existing subjects related to engineering design. (
  • Specialized and short courses of CAD were very popular in various engineering disciplines and increasingly in design disciplines. (
  • Last spring, a group of engineering students used the new computers to design a mini-Baja racer as their senior project. (
  • Confers with engineering and design staff to determine design modifications and enters editing information into computer. (
  • Keys in specified information, using keyboard connected to on-line or off-line peripheral equipment, to produce graphic representation of design for review and approval by engineering and design staff. (
  • Learn more about BIM for building design and engineering (US site). (
  • During this transition, calculations were still performed either by hand or by those individuals who could run computer programs. (
  • With 2D or 3D CAD programs, you can perform a variety of tasks: you can create a 3D model of a design, apply material and light effects and document the design with dimensions and other annotations. (
  • Create compelling visual effects for films, games or television shows with CAD design programs. (
  • Highs: Researching once I figured out my concept, flat sketches and designs Lows: Creating print designs, figuring out my concept, finding images to set the mood for the collection I found these programs to be pretty simple once I got the hang of it. (
  • The cloud-native solution is a perfect fit for companies requiring the flexibility of remote design teams, enabling engineers to work together from anywhere, any time, and on any device. (
  • Join AltiumLive to explore more of the Altium community and interact with like-minded design engineers. (
  • By drawing lines with a computer on a screen, corrections can be made without erasing the entire product. (
  • A drawing that might take 10 days to make could now take 10 minutes on computer. (
  • For many years, the most common means to define and communicate information about weld joints in the design and manufacture of a fabricated structure has consisted of using a standard set of weld symbols placed on a 2D drawing. (
  • This course is aimed at students who wish to become technically qualified in Computer Aided Drawing (CAD). (
  • With some simple modifications, your model's design table can supplement just a generic set of drawing views to fully describe the entire part family, giving the reader all the information they need to manufacture any member of the family. (
  • Since I will use the design table to explain the differences between the four configurations, I only need to show one configuration in the drawing views. (
  • At this point, my drawing is ready for the design table. (
  • The design table will appear in the drawing exactly the same as it appears in the model. (
  • In the part, launching the design table with Edit Table previews what is seen in the drawing. (
  • At 35.08 Percent in 2019, the country was ranked number 26 among other countries in Share of Scientific Publications Involving International Collaboration in Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design. (
  • Leveraging the capabilities of Microsoft Excel, you can easily control design parameters-such as dimensions, suppression states, and materials-through cells in a spreadsheet. (
  • Design rules and constraints can be added from schematic for right-first-time engineered PCBs. (
  • The donation kicked off a $5-million fund-raising campaign intended to provide CSUN with an advanced teaching facility in the fast-developing field of computer-assisted design. (
  • Courses are designed and offered to provide for completion within one year. (
  • I can provide all types of Computer Aided Design services. (