Infant Formula: Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.Infant Food: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.Milk, HumanMolecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Bottle Feeding: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.Sulfur Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain sulfur as an integral part of the molecule.Protein HydrolysatesVolatile Organic Compounds: Organic compounds that have a relatively high VAPOR PRESSURE at room temperature.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Drug Evaluation, Preclinical: Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.Soy Milk: A beverage prepared from SOYBEANS.Milk Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to milk (usually cow's milk) or milk products. MILK HYPERSENSITIVITY should be differentiated from LACTOSE INTOLERANCE, an intolerance to milk as a result of congenital deficiency of lactase.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Enteral Nutrition: Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.Inhibitory Concentration 50: The concentration of a compound needed to reduce population growth of organisms, including eukaryotic cells, by 50% in vitro. Though often expressed to denote in vitro antibacterial activity, it is also used as a benchmark for cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cells in culture.Cronobacter sakazakii: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus CHRONOBACTER, found in the environment and in foods.Heterocyclic Compounds: Ring compounds having atoms other than carbon in their nuclei. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Biphenyl CompoundsSulfhydryl Compounds: Compounds containing the -SH radical.Small Molecule Libraries: Large collections of small molecules (molecular weight about 600 or less), of similar or diverse nature which are used for high-throughput screening analysis of the gene function, protein interaction, cellular processing, biochemical pathways, or other chemical interactions.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Organotin Compounds: Organic compounds which contain tin in the molecule. Used widely in industry and agriculture.Stereoisomerism: The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Aniline CompoundsMass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Spiro Compounds: A group of compounds consisting in part of two rings sharing one atom (usually a carbon) in common.Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Nitrogen Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain nitrogen as an integral part of the molecule.Organometallic Compounds: A class of compounds of the type R-M, where a C atom is joined directly to any other element except H, C, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I, or At. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Prebiotics: Non-digestible food ingredients mostly of a carbohydrate base that improve human health by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of existing BACTERIA in the COLON.Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor: Methods of investigating the effectiveness of anticancer cytotoxic drugs and biologic inhibitors. These include in vitro cell-kill models and cytostatic dye exclusion tests as well as in vivo measurement of tumor growth parameters in laboratory animals.Drug Design: The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Nitroso CompoundsTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Organophosphorus Compounds: Organic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule. Included under this heading is broad array of synthetic compounds that are used as PESTICIDES and DRUGS.Chemistry: A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.Organoselenium Compounds: Organic compounds which contain selenium as an integral part of the molecule.Chemical Phenomena: The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Fetal Weight: The weight of the FETUS in utero. It is usually estimated by various formulas based on measurements made during PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Glomerular Filtration Rate: The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.Azo CompoundsSpectrophotometry, Infrared: Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Infant, Premature: A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Milk Substitutes: Food BEVERAGES that are used as nutritional substitutes for MILK.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Antineoplastic Agents: Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.Selenium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain selenium as an integral part of the molecule.CreatinineFood, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Chromatography, Thin Layer: Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Carbohydrate Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a carbohydrate.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Epoxy Compounds: Organic compounds that include a cyclic ether with three ring atoms in their structure. They are commonly used as precursors for POLYMERS such as EPOXY RESINS.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Carbohydrate Sequence: The sequence of carbohydrates within POLYSACCHARIDES; GLYCOPROTEINS; and GLYCOLIPIDS.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Volatilization: A phase transition from liquid state to gas state, which is affected by Raoult's law. It can be accomplished by fractional distillation.Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet: Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Indicators and Reagents: Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)Organic Chemicals: A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.High-Throughput Screening Assays: Rapid methods of measuring the effects of an agent in a biological or chemical assay. The assay usually involves some form of automation or a way to conduct multiple assays at the same time using sample arrays.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Milk Proteins: The major protein constituents of milk are CASEINS and whey proteins such as LACTALBUMIN and LACTOGLOBULINS. IMMUNOGLOBULINS occur in high concentrations in COLOSTRUM and in relatively lower concentrations in milk. (Singleton and Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed, p554)Quaternary Ammonium Compounds: Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Drug Discovery: The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.Enzyme Inhibitors: Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Polycyclic Compounds: Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine: A potent mast cell degranulator. It is involved in histamine release.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Oligosaccharides: Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Glycosides: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)Body Surface Area: The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.Spectrometry, Mass, Fast Atom Bombardment: A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of a wide range of biomolecules, such as glycoalkaloids, glycoproteins, polysaccharides, and peptides. Positive and negative fast atom bombardment spectra are recorded on a mass spectrometer fitted with an atom gun with xenon as the customary beam. The mass spectra obtained contain molecular weight recognition as well as sequence information.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Hydrocarbons, Aromatic: Organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen in the form of an unsaturated, usually hexagonal ring structure. The compounds can be single ring, or double, triple, or multiple fused rings.Enterocolitis, Necrotizing: ENTEROCOLITIS with extensive ulceration (ULCER) and NECROSIS. It is observed primarily in LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANT.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Bifidobacterium: A rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium that is a genus of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, order Bifidobacteriales, class ACTINOBACTERIA. It inhabits the intestines and feces of humans as well as the human vagina.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Soybean Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.Benzyl CompoundsBiological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Terphenyl Compounds: Compounds consisting of benzene rings linked to each other in either ortho, meta or para positions. Permitted are any substitutions, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.TriterpenesCattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Furans: Compounds with a 5-membered ring of four carbons and an oxygen. They are aromatic heterocycles. The reduced form is tetrahydrofuran.Caseins: A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.Allyl CompoundsLiver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Medicine, East Asian Traditional: Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.Heterocyclic Compounds, 2-Ring: A class of organic compounds containing two ring structures, one of which is made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The heterocycle may be either aromatic or nonaromatic.PicratesAmino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Streptomyces: A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.KetonesSpectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization: A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship: A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Biotransformation: The chemical alteration of an exogenous substance by or in a biological system. The alteration may inactivate the compound or it may result in the production of an active metabolite of an inactive parent compound. The alterations may be divided into METABOLIC DETOXICATION, PHASE I and METABOLIC DETOXICATION, PHASE II.Trialkyltin Compounds: Organometallic compounds which contain tin and three alkyl groups.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Pharmaceutical Preparations: Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Kidney Function Tests: Laboratory tests used to evaluate how well the kidneys are working through examination of blood and urine.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.GlucosidesBiometry: The use of statistical and mathematical methods to analyze biological observations and phenomena.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Powders: Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Plant Components, Aerial: The above-ground plant without the roots.Flavonoids: A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.Bicyclo CompoundsBiodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Ferrous Compounds: Inorganic or organic compounds that contain divalent iron.Physicochemical Phenomena: The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.SesquiterpenesDocosahexaenoic Acids: C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Diterpenes: Twenty-carbon compounds derived from MEVALONIC ACID or deoxyxylulose phosphate.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Fatty Acids, Unsaturated: FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Terpenes: A class of compounds composed of repeating 5-carbon units of HEMITERPENES.Bridged Compounds: Cyclic hydrocarbons that contain multiple rings and share one or more atoms.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Ligands: A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Heterocyclic Compounds with 4 or More Rings: A class of organic compounds containing four or more ring structures, one of which is made up of more than one kind of atom, usually carbon plus another atom. The heterocycle may be either aromatic or nonaromatic.Chemistry, Physical: The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.EstersSwine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.EthersSpectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Combinatorial Chemistry Techniques: A technology, in which sets of reactions for solution or solid-phase synthesis, is used to create molecular libraries for analysis of compounds on a large scale.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.ThiazolesEscherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Hypernatremia: Excessive amount of sodium in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Indoles: Benzopyrroles with the nitrogen at the number one carbon adjacent to the benzyl portion, in contrast to ISOINDOLES which have the nitrogen away from the six-membered ring.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Benzofurans: Compounds that contain a BENZENE ring fused to a furan ring.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Hydrolysis: The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Benzene DerivativesTechnetium Tc 99m Pentetate: A technetium imaging agent used in renal scintigraphy, computed tomography, lung ventilation imaging, gastrointestinal scintigraphy, and many other procedures which employ radionuclide imaging agents.Antiviral Agents: Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Monoterpenes: Compounds with a core of 10 carbons generally formed via the mevalonate pathway from the combination of 3,3-dimethylallyl pyrophosphate and isopentenyl pyrophosphate. They are cyclized and oxidized in a variety of ways. Due to the low molecular weight many of them exist in the form of essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE).Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Gold Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain gold as an integral part of the molecule.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Chemistry, Pharmaceutical: Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.Spectrophotometry: The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Methanol: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of FORMALDEHYDE and ACETIC ACID, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness.Benzhydryl Compounds: Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
Compound. Formula. Valence. Oxidation state Hydrogen chloride. HCl. H = 1 Cl = 1. H = +1 Cl = −1 ... Compound NH3. Ammonia NaCN. Sodium cyanide H2S. Hydrogen sulfide H2SO4. Sulfuric acid Cl2O7Dichlorine heptoxide ... Compound H2. Hydrogen CH4. Methane C3H8. Propane C2H2. Acetylene ... Compound. Formula. Valence. Oxidation state Chlorine. Cl2. Cl ... May 2014). "Chapter 7: Chemical bonding in Transition Metal Compounds". The Chemical Bond: Chemical Bonding Across the Periodic ...
Compound. Formula Concentration in atmosphere[24] (ppm) Contribution (%) Water vapor and clouds. H. 2O. 10-50,000(A). 36-72% ... formula. Lifetime (years)[21] Global warming potential (GWP) for given time horizon ... For example, the destruction of non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) in the atmosphere can produce ozone. The size ... Preindustrial concentrations of industrially manufactured compounds are given as zero. The short atmospheric lifetime of ozone ...
... also called carbene is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH. 2 (also written [CH. 2]). It is a colourless gas that ... Reactions with inorganic compounds[edit]. Methylene is also a common ligand in coordination compounds, such as copper methylene ... The compound was first detected and studied around 1960, by infrared spectroscopy in frozen gas matrix isolation experiments.[6 ... Methylene can be prepared, under suitable conditions, by decomposition of compounds with a methylidene or methanediyl group, ...
Other organic compounds[edit]. Species Phase Chemical formula ΔfH⦵ /(kJ/mol) ... Organic compounds[edit]. The formation reactions for most organic compounds are hypothetical. For instance, carbon and hydrogen ... The standard enthalpy of formation or standard heat of formation of a compound is the change of enthalpy during the formation ... Formula. Name. ΔfH⦵ /(kcal/mol). ΔfH⦵ /(kJ/mol) ... Ionic compounds: Born-Haber cycle[edit]. Standard enthalpy ...
The formula is: τ. 4. =. 360. ∘. −. (. α. +. β. ). 360. ∘. −. 2. θ. ≈. −. 0.00709. α. −. 0.00709. β. +. 2.55. {\displaystyle \ ... The first such parameter for 5-coordinate compounds was developed in 1984. Later, parameters for 4-coordinate compounds were ... compounds containing nitrogen-sulphur donor ligands; the crystal and molecular structure of aqua[1,7-bis(N-methylbenzimidazol-2 ...
... is a thermally and chemically resistant refractory compound of boron and nitrogen with the chemical formula BN. ... The shock wave method is used to produce material called heterodiamond, a superhard compound of boron, carbon, and nitrogen.[38 ... water with ammonium compounds, or hydrazine.[36][37] Other industrial synthesis methods, again borrowed from diamond growth, ... Boron nitride reacts with nitrides of alkali metals and lanthanides to form nitridoborate compounds.[31] For example: Li3N + BN ...
... is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations Na+. and ... "Sodium Hydroxide - Compound Summary". Retrieved June 12, 2012.. *^ "1310-73-2,Sodium hydroxide solution,Sigma Aldrich,sodium ... Dissolving amphoteric metals and compounds[edit]. Strong bases attack aluminium. Sodium hydroxide reacts with aluminium and ... "ChemIDplus - 1310-73-2 - HEMHJVSKTPXQMS-UHFFFAOYSA-M - Sodium hydroxide [NF] - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, ...
Because PGPR improves the flow characteristics of chocolate and compound chocolate, especially near the melting point, it can ... Chemical formula. (C3H5O2)n(C18H32O2)m ... compound chocolate and similar coatings, PGPR is mainly used ...
General chemical formula of azo compounds. Azo compounds are compounds bearing the functional group R−N=N−R′, in which R and R ... Alkyl azo compounds[edit]. Aliphatic azo compounds (R and/or R′ = aliphatic) are less commonly encountered than the aryl azo ... Aryl azo compounds[edit]. Aryl azo compounds are usually stable, crystalline species. Azobenzene is the prototypical aromatic ... A simple dialkyl diazo compound is diethyldiazene, EtN=NEt.[6] Because of their instability, aliphatic azo compounds pose the ...
Chemical compound with formula H2O. Water in three states: solid (ice), liquid and vapor (here mostly invisible water vapor, ... In inorganic reactions, water is a common solvent, dissolving many ionic compounds, as well as other polar compounds such as ... Along with oxidane, water is one of the two official names for the chemical compound H. 2O;[10] it is also the liquid phase of ... Nakamoto, Kazuo (1997). Infrared and Raman Spectra of Inorganic and Coordination Compounds, Part A: Theory and Applications in ...
... compounds[22][24] Formula. Color. m.p. (°C). Sublimation temp. (°C). Symmetry. Pearson symbol. Space group. No. a (pm) ... Compounds[edit]. Polonium has no common compounds, and almost all of its compounds are synthetically created; more than 50 of ... Other polonium compounds include potassium polonite as a polonite, polonate, acetate, bromate, carbonate, citrate, chromate, ... Polonium and its compounds must be handled in a glove box, which is further enclosed in another box, maintained at a slightly ...
... is an inorganic compound with formula NO2BF4. It is a salt of nitronium cation and ...
Compounds. Main article: Compounds of carbon. Organic compounds. Structural formula of methane, the simplest possible organic ... Carbon forms a vast number of compounds, more than any other element, with almost ten million compounds described to date,[19] ... Carbon is known to form almost ten million different compounds, a large majority of all chemical compounds.[19] Carbon also has ... Organometallic compounds by definition contain at least one carbon-metal bond. A wide range of such compounds exist; major ...
... is the chemical compound of formula BaFeO4. This is a rare compound containing iron in the +6 oxidation state. ... Barium ferrate is the most stable of the ferrate compounds. The formula, BaFeO4•H2O, was determined by Fremy and H. Rose. It ... Cathodes containing ferrate (VI) compounds are referred to as "super-iron" cathodes due to their highly oxidized iron basis, ... Ropp, Richard C. (2012-12-31). Encyclopedia of the Alkaline Earth Compounds. Newnes. ISBN 9780444595539. Henry-Chase, Adonica; ...
... is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula GeO2. It is the main commercial source of germanium. It also forms as a ... and for production of other germanium compounds. It is used as a feedstock for production of some phosphors and semiconductor ...
... is the chemical compound with the formula N2O3. This deep blue solid[1] is one of the simple nitrogen ...
Compound Formula Composition Continental Oceanic silica SiO2. 60.2% 48.6% alumina Al2O3. 15.2% 16.5% ... Henshaw, John M. (2014). An Equation for Every Occasion: Fifty-Two Formulas and Why They Matter. Johns Hopkins University Press ... "Numerical expressions for precession formulae and mean elements for the Moon and planets". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 282 (2 ...
... is the inorganic compound with the formula NF3. This nitrogen-fluorine compound is a colorless, odorless, ... 3 routinely break it down, while in the past previously used regulated compounds such as SF. 6 and PFCs were often released. ... Thomas M. Klapötke "Nitrogen-fluorine compounds" Journal of Fluorine Chemistry Volume 127, 2006, pp. 679-687. doi:10.1016/j. ... Philip B. Henderson, Andrew J. Woytek "Fluorine Compounds, Inorganic, Nitrogen" in Kirk‑Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical ...
... is the chemical compound with the formula C60. It has a cage-like fused-ring structure (truncated ... The compound has been detected in deep space.[5]. Etymology[edit]. The name is a reference to Buckminster Fuller, as C60 ... For example, diphenyldiazomethane reacts readily with C60 to give the compound C61Ph2.[37] Phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester ... The compound is stable,[24] withstanding high temperatures and high pressures. The exposed surface of the structure can ...
... is the inorganic compound with the formula Na. 2SeO. 4, not to be confused with sodium selenite. It exists as ... When used together, the two compound produce a colorless glass.[4] Pesticide[edit]. Sodium selenate is a common ingredient in ... Neither compound has demonstrated a difference in the amount of selenium absorbed. The U.S. FDA regulates that animal feed ... Bernd E. Langner "Selenium and Selenium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2005, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim ...
C = Concentration of oxidizable compound in the sample,. FW = Formula weight of the oxidizable compound in the sample,. RMO = ... The reaction of potassium dichromate with organic compounds is given by: C. n. H. a. O. b. N. c. +. d. Cr. 2. O. 7. 2. −. +. ( ... The amount of oxygen required to oxidize an organic compound to carbon dioxide, ammonia, and water is given by: C. n. H. a. O. ... The following formula is used to calculate COD: C. O. D. =. 8000. (. b. −. s. ). n. sample volume. {\displaystyle \mathrm {COD ...
... is the chemical compound with the formula RbCl. This alkali metal halide is composed of rubidium and chlorine ... The compound dissolves well in water and can readily be taken up by organisms. Once broken in the body, Rb+ replaces K+ in ... Rubidium chloride transformation for competent cells is arguably the compound's most abundant use. Cells treated with a ... "Compounds of Rubidium". WebElements.. *^ Budavari, S. (1996). The Merck index: an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and ...
... is an organometallic compound with the formula Fe(C. 5H. 5). 2. The molecule consists of two cyclopentadienyl rings ... Ferrocene was not the first organometallic compound known. Zeise's salt K[PtCl. 3(C. 2H. 4)]·H2O was reported in 1831,[24][25] ... Wilkinson, G.; Pauson, P. L.; Cotton, F. A. (1954). "Bis-cyclopentadienyl Compounds of Nickel and Cobalt". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 76 ... Kealy, T. J.; Pauson, P. L. (1951). "A New Type of Organo-Iron Compound". Nature. 168 (4285): 1039-1040. Bibcode:1951Natur. ...
... is the inorganic compound with the formula BiF5. It is a white solid that is highly reactive. The ... compound is of interest to researchers but of not particular value. BiF5 is polymeric and consists of linear chains of trans- ...
... is a chemical compound with the formula H. 2O. 2. In its pure form, it is a pale blue, clear liquid, slightly ... Decomposition is catalysed by various compounds, including most transition metals and their compounds (e.g. manganese dioxide, ... This degrades organic compounds, including those that are ordinarily robust, such as aromatic or halogenated compounds.[55] It ... Production of organic compounds[edit]. It is used in the production of various organic peroxides with dibenzoyl peroxide being ...
T.J. Kealy, P.L. Pauson (1951). A New Type of Organo-Iron Compound. Nature 168 (4285): 1040. doi: 10.1038/1681039b0. ... se pravi da je njena formula FeCl3•6H2O. Spojina se piše tudi kot trans-[Fe(H2O)4Cl2]Cl•2H2O in s sistematskim imenom ...
What is the chemical formula for each compound given below? *Fill in the blanks with questions per quiz : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ...
There is no one standard formula for all compounds, although there is a standardized method for... ... The formula for compounds containing polyatomic ions depends on the particular compound in question. ... What is the formula for the compound vanadium (V) sulfide?. A: The formula for the compound vanadium (V) sulfide is V2S5. The ... How do you find the empirical formula of a compound from its percent composition?. A: Find the empirical formula of a compound ...
... we can explore how atoms combine to form either molecular or ionic compounds. Then we will learn the rules of nomenclature that ... 3.04 Formula of ionic compounds To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that ... Now in chemical formulas, we never write ones in the formula, because its always assumed its one if theres no other number ... a compound forming with oxygen, then we know, that the formulas going to be CU2O. ...
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... we can explore how atoms combine to form either molecular or ionic compounds. Then we will learn the rules of nomenclature that ... 3.04b Formula of the compound formed from ammonium and phosphate To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider ... 3.04a Formula of the compound formed from aluminum and phosphorus 1:19 ... 3.04b Formula of the compound formed from ammonium and phosphate 1:27 ...
... how well you understood the rules in writing down the correct chemical formulas of compounds as well as naming compounds giv... ... Home › Create › Quizzes › Science › Chemistry › Naming CompoundFormula Writing And Naming Compounds ... the rules in writing down the correct chemical formulas of compounds as well as naming compounds given the chemical formulas. ... Multiple Choice: What is the correct chemical formula of the compound silicon tetrahydride? ...
IWK Compounding Formulas. IMPORTANT INFORMATION. July 2019: Please note the contents of this page are under review in the ... For additional information on compounding, please:. *Consult the IWK Pharmacy Facebook page. We post responses to some of our ... Below is an alphabetical listing (by generic name) of the most common non-sterile compounds prepared by the IWK Pharmacy. This ... The Dalhousie College of Pharmacy Drug Information Resources has links to many other compounding websites. Please click here ...
What is its empirical formula. and find homework help for other Science questions at eNotes ... A compound is found to contain 63.52 % iron and 36.48 % sulfur. ... Find the empirical formula of a compound that contains 3.96 g ... Usually FeS is also a frequent compound between Fe and S. So the chemical formula of the compound can also be FeS. ... Find the simplest formula of a compound thats found to contain 32.38 g of Na, 22.65 g of S and... ...
2.8 - 2. Compound names and formulas are listed below....Ch. 2.8 - The name of the compound with the formula N2F4 is...Ch. 2.8 ... 2 - Write the formulas for the four ionic compounds...Ch. 2 - Write the formulas for the four ionic compounds...Ch. 2 - Sodium ... 2.7 - The formula of barium acetate is (a) Ba(CH3CO2)2...Ch. 2.7 - 5. The name of the compound with the formula V2O3...Ch. 2.7 ... 2 - The formula of barium molybdate is BaMoO4. Which...Ch. 2 - A metal M forms a compound with the formula MCl4....Ch. 2 - ...
Phase III Study of Compound Formula Realgar-Indigo Naturalis Plus Imatinib Versus Placebo Plus Imatinib in Adult CML-CP ... Phase III Study of Compound Realgar Formula Realgar-Indigo Naturalis Plus Imatinib Versus Placebo Plus Imatinib in Adult ... Drug: Compound realgar natural indigo Tablet Compound realgar natural indigo Tablet, 65mg/kg/d, from day1 to day14,every 4 ... Experimental: Compound realgar natural indigo Tablet Compound realgar natural indigo Tablet, 65mg/kg/d, from day1 to day14, ...
What is the molecular formula for this compound? and find homework help for other Science questions at eNotes ... A compound with the empirical formula CH2 has a molar mass of 112 g/mol. ... A compound with the empirical formula CH2 has a molar mass of 112 g/mol. What is the molecular formula for this compound?. ... To get the exact molecular formula we must use molar mass of the compound. To get molar mass of a compound we simply add molar ...
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... you will learn how to write the chemical formulas for both binary ionic compounds and polyatomic ionic compounds when you are ... Ionic Compounds. If you have to write the chemical formula of a simple, binary ionic compound given the name of the compound, ... Polyatomic Ionic Compounds. Writing formulas for polyatomic ionic compounds isnt hard when you know the formula for the ... Fe2 (CrO4) 3 is the final formula. Lesson Summary. Ionic compounds are neutral compounds made of positive cations and negative ...
Formulas and Names - Review & Check for Section 2-8 - Page 77 2 including work step by step written by community members like ... Determining Compound Formulas - Case Study - Questions * 2-10 Chemical Analysis: Determining Compound Formulas - Review & Check ... 2-8 Molecular Compounds: Formulas and Names - Review & Check for Section 2-8 * 1 ... Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions - 2-8 Molecular Compounds: Formulas and Names - Review & Check for Section 2-8 - Page 77. ...
... how to calculate the relative formula mass of a compound or the relative molecular mass of an element or a compound. ... Composition by percentage mass of elements in a compound. * Empirical formula and formula mass of a compound from reacting ... Relative formula mass calculation Example 2.6 *The ionic compound aluminium oxide (Al3+)2(O2-)3 or just the plain formula Al2O3 ... The shorthand Mr can be used for the formula of any element or compound and to repeat, it doesnt matter whether a compound is ...
Determining the Emphirical Formula of a Compound Abbey Blair 1/11/16 Period 5 Safety: In ... Determining the emphirical formula of a compound from ENGLISH 101 at Geneva High School, Geneva. ... Determining the Emphirical Formula of a Compound Abbey Blair 1/11/16 Period 5 Safety: In this lab we wore goggles as we handled ... Write the emphirical formula of the copper sulfide based on your calculations from this experiment: Cu2S 2. Describe the ...
a compound contains carbon hydrogen nitrogen in a ratio of 9 1 35calculate molecular formula of the compound given molar mass ... a compound contains carbon,hydrogen,nitrogen in a ratio of 9:1:3.5.Calculate molecular formula of the compound given molar mass ... Please write the name of the compound and explain the steps involved in writing the name. ... Please write the name of the compound and explain the steps involved in writing the name. ...
mono-. Naming Some Inorganic Compounds Formula Name CO carbon monoxide CO 2 carbon dioxide SO 3 sulfur trioxide OF 2 oxygen ... H 2 S hydrogen sulfide hydrosulfuric acid Naming Some Inorganic Compounds Binary covalent molecular compounds composed of two ... Unformatted text preview: mono-. Naming Some Inorganic Compounds Formula Name CO carbon monoxide CO 2 carbon dioxide SO 3 ... Naming Some Inorganic Compounds Formula Name CO carbon monoxide CO2 carbon dioxide SO ...
... graphic formula, molecular formula, skeletal formula, structural formula of aromatic hydrocarbons (arenes like benzene and ... Examples of displayed formula of aromatic compounds, graphic formula, molecular formula, skeletal formula, structural formula ... formula of aromatic compound molecules, displayed formula of aromatic compound molecules, shapes of aromatic compound molecules ... of aromatic compound molecules, empirical formula of aromatic compound molecules, structural formula of aromatic compound ...
English name for this formula. Compound-Formula Salvia Tablet; Salvia and Pseudoginseng Formula. Symptoms related to Fu Fang ... You will be able to view the following details for the formula Fu Fang Dan Shen Pian:. *Ingredients of the formula ... You want more information about this formula? This page presents only an overview of fu fang dan shen pian. You can access ... Manufacturers who make this formula. Other reasons to join TCM Assistant *Access a complete TCM herbal reference system. Simply ...
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FORMULA:. -[-CH2C6H5-]-n. ELEMENTS:. Carbon, hydrogen. COMPOUND TYPE:. Organic polymer ... a compound consisting of carbon and hydrogen.. POLYMER a compound consisting of very large molecules made of one or two small ... Chemical Compounds COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Polystyrene. OVERVIEW. Polystyrene (pol-ee-STYE-reen) is a thermoplastic ... Styrene is a hydrocarbon derived from petroleum with the formula C6H5CH=CH2. The presence of the double bond in the styrene ...
... chemical compound, NaHCO3, a white crystalline or granular powder, commonly known as bicarbonate of soda or baking soda [1]. It ... FORMULA:. NaHCO3. ELEMENTS:. Sodium, hydrogen, carbon, oxygen. COMPOUND TYPE:. Acid salt (inorganic) ... Chemical Compounds COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Sodium Bicarbonate. OVERVIEW. Sodium bicarbonate (SO-dee-um bye-KAR-bun-ate) is ... The compound is also used in the treatment of wastewater to maintain proper acidity, remove certain odors (such as those of ...
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  • Certain crystalline compounds are called " non-stoichiometric " because they vary in composition due to either the presence of foreign elements trapped within the crystal structure or a deficit or excess of the constituent elements. (thefullwiki.org)