Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures: Any surgical procedure performed on the biliary tract.Biliary Tract Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Biliary Tract: The BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Gallbladder Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the gallbladder.Surgical Procedures, Operative: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)Cholangiocarcinoma: A malignant tumor arising from the epithelium of the BILE DUCTS.Gallstones: Solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT, usually formed in the GALLBLADDER, resulting in the condition of CHOLELITHIASIS. Gallstones, derived from the BILE, consist mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Cholelithiasis: Presence or formation of GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, usually in the gallbladder (CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS) or the common bile duct (CHOLEDOCHOLITHIASIS).Bile Duct Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the BILE DUCTS.Cholecystectomy: Surgical removal of the GALLBLADDER.Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic: Passages external to the liver for the conveyance of bile. These include the COMMON BILE DUCT and the common hepatic duct (HEPATIC DUCT, COMMON).Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Cholangitis: Inflammation of the biliary ductal system (BILE DUCTS); intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both.Gallbladder: A storage reservoir for BILE secretion. Gallbladder allows the delivery of bile acids at a high concentration and in a controlled manner, via the CYSTIC DUCT to the DUODENUM, for degradation of dietary lipid.Ampulla of Vater: A dilation of the duodenal papilla that is the opening of the juncture of the COMMON BILE DUCT and the MAIN PANCREATIC DUCT, also known as the hepatopancreatic ampulla.Bile Ducts: The channels that collect and transport the bile secretion from the BILE CANALICULI, the smallest branch of the BILIARY TRACT in the LIVER, through the bile ductules, the bile ducts out the liver, and to the GALLBLADDER for storage.Common Bile Duct: The largest bile duct. It is formed by the junction of the CYSTIC DUCT and the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT.Choledochostomy: Surgical formation of an opening (stoma) into the COMMON BILE DUCT for drainage or for direct communication with a site in the small intestine, primarily the DUODENUM or JEJUNUM.Bile: An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the GALLBLADDER; generally caused by impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, or other diseases.Cholestasis: Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Cholangiography: An imaging test of the BILIARY TRACT in which a contrast dye (RADIOPAQUE MEDIA) is injected into the BILE DUCT and x-ray pictures are taken.Biliary Fistula: Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases in any part of the ductal system of the BILIARY TRACT from the smallest BILE CANALICULI to the largest COMMON BILE DUCT.Surgical Procedures, Minor: Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Jejunostomy: Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive: Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.Gallbladder Diseases: Diseases of the GALLBLADDER. They generally involve the impairment of BILE flow, GALLSTONES in the BILIARY TRACT, infections, neoplasms, or other diseases.Hepatic Duct, Common: Predominantly extrahepatic bile duct which is formed by the junction of the right and left hepatic ducts, which are predominantly intrahepatic, and, in turn, joins the cystic duct to form the common bile duct.Cholestasis, Extrahepatic: Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Plastics: Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Jaundice, Obstructive: Jaundice, the condition with yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes, that is due to impaired BILE flow in the BILIARY TRACT, such as INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, or EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS.Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Drug-Eluting Stents: Stents that are covered with materials that are embedded with chemicals that are gradually released into the surrounding milieu.Polycystic Kidney Diseases: Hereditary diseases that are characterized by the progressive expansion of a large number of tightly packed CYSTS within the KIDNEYS. They include diseases with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance.Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant: Kidney disorders with autosomal dominant inheritance and characterized by multiple CYSTS in both KIDNEYS with progressive deterioration of renal function.TRPP Cation Channels: A subgroup of TRP cation channels that are widely expressed in various cell types. Defects are associated with POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES.
  • The patient underwent a one-stage procedure consisting of enterolithotomy, cholecystectomy, and cholecystoduodenal fistula excision and repair. (hcplive.com)
  • Conservative management of fistulae is based on parenteral nutrition and bowel rest, as well as on control of infection, electrolytic disturbances, and local care of the fistula tract. (bmj.com)
  • Somatostatin-14 has been used in addition to parenteral nutrition to further reduce the volume and enzymatic activity of the fluid output through the fistula tract, generally with good results. (bmj.com)
  • Ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), and endoscopy are commonly used, however the presence of biliary sinus or fistula, percutaneous radiopaque imaging is more proper for the diagnosis [ 3 - 5 ]. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Catheterization of the common bile duct showed active hemobilia due to biliary-vascular fistula. (scirp.org)
  • A bronchobiliary fistula, an intercommunication between the biliary tract and bronchial trees, is an extremely rare complication after hepatectomy. (springeropen.com)
  • One classification system of BA is the Ohi classification system used by the Japanese Biliary Atresia Registry and it has been adopted to describe the anatomic variants. (sages.org)
  • Depending on the case, we work with various types of surgeons as well as medical and surgical oncologists, radiologists and nurses to ensure the best outcomes. (umms.org)
  • Collectively, UM surgeons are experienced in performing all types of general GI procedures, and are up-to-date with the latest trends. (umms.org)
  • In addition to the surgical expertise, our surgeons are all members of the University of Maryland School of Medicine faculty and teach future doctors and community doctors how to perform various procedures. (umms.org)
  • Surgeons should continue to direct the development of and the definition of the true merit of technical innovations in many aspects of general surgical care. (facs.org)
  • Surgeons should be involved in decisions to use limited interventions, which should be performed only by individuals fully trained in the procedure with continuing outcome-related quality control. (facs.org)
  • The complications of cholecystectomy still remain a serious challenge for the surgeons. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Since open cholecystectomy was performed the complications have been remaining a serious challenge for the surgeons, and severe complications often require surgical intervention. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Because of this he was asked to join the American College of Surgeons' committee on emerging technology with the express goal of a more orderly application of laparoscopic principles to other commonly performed general surgical procedures. (creighton.edu)
  • He is a member of the American Surgical Association, the Society of Surgeons of the Alimentary Tract, and 21 other surgical societies. (creighton.edu)
  • The aim of this quantity is to give the alimentary tract systems played and in a few circumstances initiated on the Johns Hopkins clinic in one of these model that different alimentary tract surgeons can examine those suggestions and practice them effectively. (no19dining.com)
  • A 3.4-mm endoscope and a pulsed dye coumarin green laser were used to pulverize and remove stones through preexisting, mature transhepatic biliary drain tracts (n = 18), t-tube tracts (n = 3), cholecystostomy tube tracts (n = 3), and a hepaticocutaneous enterostomy (n = 1). (elsevier.com)
  • Lithotomy from Greek for "lithos" (stone) and "tomos" (cut), is a surgical method for removal of calculi, stones formed inside certain organs, such as the kidneys (kidney stones), bladder (bladder stones), and gallbladder (gallstones), that cannot exit naturally through the urinary system or biliary tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • The extremely low morbidity and mortality rates are mostly because about 80% of the ingested FBs go through the digestive tract without any major complication [ 2 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Bacterial or viral infections in the digestive tract, which are common among HIV patients, may lead to enlarged lymph nodes. (wellness.com)
  • Our department has treated diseases of the digestive tract, chest, peripheral vessels, endocrine system, as well as a broad range of other diseases, which is consistent with the slogan "from head to toe. (hiroshima-u.ac.jp)
  • It is rarely possible to diagnose leakage of bile ultrasonographically, but it may help direct an abdominocentesis needle into a pocket of fluid to improve the diagnostic yield of this procedure. (vin.com)