Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. (hhs.gov/recovery/programs/cer/draftdefinition.html accessed 6/12/2009)
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE established in 1990 to "provide indexing, abstracting, translating, publishing, and other services leading to a more effective and timely dissemination of information on research, demonstration projects, and evaluations with respect to health care to public and private entities and individuals engaged in the improvement of health care delivery..." It supersedes the National Center for Health Services Research. The United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research was renamed Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999.
Public Law No: 111-5, enacted February 2009, makes supplemental appropriations for job preservation and creation, infrastructure investment, energy efficiency and science, assistance to the unemployed, and State and local fiscal stabilization, for fiscal year ending September 30, 2009.
Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)
An Act prohibiting a health plan from establishing lifetime limits or annual limits on the dollar value of benefits for any participant or beneficiary after January 1, 2014. It permits a restricted annual limit for plan years beginning prior to January 1, 2014. It provides that a health plan shall not be prevented from placing annual or lifetime per-beneficiary limits on covered benefits. The Act sets up a competitive health insurance market.
A clinical study in which participants may receive diagnostic, therapeutic, or other types of interventions, but the investigator does not assign participants to specific interventions (as in an interventional study).
Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.
Treatments which are undergoing clinical trials or for which there is insufficient evidence to determine their effects on health outcomes; coverage for such treatments is often denied by health insurers.
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The act of regarding attentively and studying facts and occurrences, gathering data through analyzing, measuring, and drawing conclusions, with the purpose of applying the observed information to theoretical assumptions. Observation as a scientific method in the acquisition of knowledge began in classical antiquity; in modern science and medicine its greatest application is facilitated by modern technology. Observation is one of the components of the research process.
Financial support of research activities.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Conditional probability of exposure to a treatment given observed covariates.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.

The policies and politics of creating a comparative clinical effectiveness research center. (1/390)

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'Marginal medicine': targeting comparative effectiveness research to reduce waste. (2/390)

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Developing a policy for second-generation antipsychotic drugs. (3/390)

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Comparative effectiveness research for antipsychotic medications: how much is enough? (4/390)

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Does telemonitoring of patients--the eICU--improve intensive care? (5/390)

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Measurement of and reward for efficiency In California's pay-for-performance program. (6/390)

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Is it time to reexamine the patent system's role in spending growth? (7/390)

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Gemcitabine for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. (8/390)

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Neoplasm refers to an abnormal growth of cells that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Neoplasms can occur in any part of the body and can affect various organs and tissues. The term "neoplasm" is often used interchangeably with "tumor," but while all tumors are neoplasms, not all neoplasms are tumors.

Types of Neoplasms

There are many different types of neoplasms, including:

1. Carcinomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the epithelial cells lining organs and glands. Examples include breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer.
2. Sarcomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in connective tissue, such as bone, cartilage, and fat. Examples include osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and soft tissue sarcoma.
3. Lymphomas: These are cancers of the immune system, specifically affecting the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues. Examples include Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Leukemias: These are cancers of the blood and bone marrow that affect the white blood cells. Examples include acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
5. Melanomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Examples include skin melanoma and eye melanoma.

Causes and Risk Factors of Neoplasms

The exact causes of neoplasms are not fully understood, but there are several known risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing a neoplasm. These include:

1. Genetic predisposition: Some people may be born with genetic mutations that increase their risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
2. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as radiation and certain chemicals, can increase the risk of developing a neoplasm.
3. Infection: Some neoplasms are caused by viruses or bacteria. For example, human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common cause of cervical cancer.
4. Lifestyle factors: Factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and a poor diet can increase the risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
5. Family history: A person's risk of developing a neoplasm may be higher if they have a family history of the condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Neoplasms

The signs and symptoms of neoplasms can vary depending on the type of cancer and where it is located in the body. Some common signs and symptoms include:

1. Unusual lumps or swelling
2. Pain
3. Fatigue
4. Weight loss
5. Change in bowel or bladder habits
6. Unexplained bleeding
7. Coughing up blood
8. Hoarseness or a persistent cough
9. Changes in appetite or digestion
10. Skin changes, such as a new mole or a change in the size or color of an existing mole.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neoplasms

The diagnosis of a neoplasm usually involves a combination of physical examination, imaging tests (such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans), and biopsy. A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue from the suspected tumor and examining it under a microscope for cancer cells.

The treatment of neoplasms depends on the type, size, location, and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient's overall health. Some common treatments include:

1. Surgery: Removing the tumor and surrounding tissue can be an effective way to treat many types of cancer.
2. Chemotherapy: Using drugs to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
3. Radiation therapy: Using high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer is located in a specific area of the body.
4. Immunotherapy: Boosting the body's immune system to fight cancer can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.
5. Targeted therapy: Using drugs or other substances to target specific molecules on cancer cells can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.

Prevention of Neoplasms

While it is not always possible to prevent neoplasms, there are several steps that can reduce the risk of developing cancer. These include:

1. Avoiding exposure to known carcinogens (such as tobacco smoke and radiation)
2. Maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle
3. Getting regular exercise
4. Not smoking or using tobacco products
5. Limiting alcohol consumption
6. Getting vaccinated against certain viruses that are associated with cancer (such as human papillomavirus, or HPV)
7. Participating in screening programs for early detection of cancer (such as mammograms for breast cancer and colonoscopies for colon cancer)
8. Avoiding excessive exposure to sunlight and using protective measures such as sunscreen and hats to prevent skin cancer.

It's important to note that not all cancers can be prevented, and some may be caused by factors that are not yet understood or cannot be controlled. However, by taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of developing cancer and improve their overall health and well-being.

"Welcome to the Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research". Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research. 1 (1): 1-3. doi: ... "Querying stakeholders to inform comparative effectiveness research". Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research. 6 (3): 265- ... The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) was established to conduct comparative effectiveness research but the ... Comparative effectiveness research adopts many of the same approaches and methodologies as cost-effectiveness analysis, ...
The journal covers all aspects of comparative effectiveness research, including patient-centered outcomes research, ... The Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research is a peer-reviewed medical journal that was established in 2012 and is ... "Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research". 2016 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. ... The editors-in-chief are Sheldon Greenfield (University of California, Irvine) and Eugene Rich (Mathematica Policy Research). ...
... and comparative effectiveness research (CER), leveraging existing healthcare data for research and healthcare improvement, ... The Comparative Effectiveness Research Translation Network (CERTAIN) is a learning healthcare system in Washington State ... Washington state's Comparative Effectiveness Research Translation Network (CERTAIN)". Surgery. 155 (5): 860-866. doi:10.1016/j. ... Washington State's Comparative Effectiveness Research Translation Network". Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 66 (8): S122-9. ...
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Byatt N, Deligiannidis KM, ... An Update of the 2007 Comparative Effectiveness Review (Report). ... to evaluate all the research available prior to 2004.: iv The ...
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US) (203). PMID 29558081. ... There is little high-quality research on the effectiveness of family therapy for ADHD-but the existing evidence shows that it ... Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural. Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.). 118 (12): 1654-1667. doi:10.1289/ehp.0901852. ... Research does not support popular beliefs that ADHD is caused by eating too much refined sugar, watching too much television, ...
An Update of the 2006 Comparative Effectiveness Review". Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. 38. Agency for Healthcare Research ... The effectiveness of glucosamine is controversial. Reviews have found it to be equal to or slightly better than placebo. A ... The effectiveness of injections of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is unclear; there are suggestions that such injections improve ... Further research is needed to determine if balnotherapy for osteoarthritis (mineral baths or spa treatments) improves a ...
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockvill, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (61). PMID 22896859. Ferraro PM, ... Of these treatments, research is uncertain if shock waves are more effective than medication or a scope through the bladder, ... Research is currently uncertain if placing a temporary stent during ureteroscopy leads to different outcomes than not placing a ... Dietary, fluid intake, and lifestyle factors remain major topics for research on prevention of kidney stones, as of 2017. The ...
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 22091473.[page needed] Rovati LC ... An Update of the 2006 Comparative Effectiveness Review [Internet]". Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID ... Articles that may contain original research from May 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Wikipedia articles ... The Osteoarthritis Research Society International recommends that glucosamine be discontinued if no effect is observed after ...
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Vol. 22. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ... "Comparative Effectiveness of Nonoperative and Operative Treatments for Rotator Cuff Tears". ... However, no research has proven a link between early therapy and the incidence of re-tears. In some studies, those who received ... Other research has shown that accelerated rehab results in better shoulder function. There is consensus amongst orthopaedic ...
An Update" (PDF). Comparative Effectiveness Review. number 27 (AHRQ Pub. No. 11-EHC038-1). Archived from the original (PDF) on ... The effect of Ayurvedic treatments has been researched, however due to methodological flaws of studies it has not been possible ... May 2011). "Comparative effectiveness and safety of medications for type 2 diabetes: an update including new drugs and 2-drug ... Furthermore, there has been growing evidence that the effectiveness and safety of this drug class could depend on genetic ...
... comparative effectiveness research; immunology and immunological approaches to cancer; and cancer virology. The school is also ... and comparative effectiveness research. An innovative system of Web-based learning portfolios facilitates learner-mentor ... as well as a certificate in comparative effectiveness research. The Interdisciplinary Biomedical Science Graduate Program ... The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is a leading center for medical research. Of the medical schools and research ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 26844312. De Crescenzo F, D'Alò ... Sustained effectiveness without apparent tolerance was demonstrated in clinical studies of up to 12 weeks duration. This ... Based on in vitro research, the major enzymes involved in the metabolism of doxepin are the cytochrome P450 enzymes CYP2D6 and ... The H1 receptor antagonism of doxepin is responsible for its hypnotic effects and its effectiveness in the treatment of ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 33818996. Kapp, ... Henci Goer, in her comprehensive book, The Thinking Woman's Guide to a Better Birth, details how this practice was researched ... although the limited data available makes the effectiveness of this method uncertain. Other means of natural cervical ripening ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 26866209. "Kidney ... "Kidney cancer statistics". Cancer Research UK. Retrieved 27 October 2014. (CS1 Dutch-language sources (nl), CS1 maint: multiple ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 33818996. Li XM, ... More research is needed to produce more certain results. If waters break (membranes rupture) between 24 and 37 weeks' gestation ... For women over 37 weeks pregnant whose babies are suspected of not coping well in the womb, it is not yet clear from research ... Similarly, there is not yet enough research to show whether it is best to deliver babies prematurely if they are not coping in ...
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 43. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 22973576. De Crescenzo F ... AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 26844312. "Use of ... AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 22132426. ... Mitchell MD, Gehrman P, Perlis M, Umscheid CA (May 2012). "Comparative effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 33818996. " ... In a research study widely publicized, singleton children born earlier than 39 weeks may have developmental problems, including ... Research questions whether this is needed, with some studies indicating peritoneal closure is associated with longer operative ... Perspectives on current research and clinical practice. Proceedings of the XIV World Congress of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 30204376. ... Comparative Effectiveness Reviews No. 92. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 23658937. Archived ... Much of this research stems from PTSD in those exposed to the Vietnam War. People with PTSD have decreased brain activity in ... As an example of such research, see: Bonn-Miller MO, Sisley S, Riggs P, Yazar-Klosinski B, Wang JB, Loflin MJE, et al. (2021) ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 33411427. ... Studies and research related to the gender dependencies of migraine are still ongoing, and conclusions have yet to be achieved ... For increased effectiveness at stopping migraine symptoms, a combined therapy that includes sumatriptan and naproxen may be ... Tao H, Wang T, Dong X, Guo Q, Xu H, Wan Q (May 2018). "Effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for the ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 26985522. van ... Lumbar traction lacks effectiveness as an intervention for radicular low back pain. It is also unclear whether lumbar supports ... Hendrick P, Te Wake AM, Tikkisetty AS, Wulff L, Yap C, Milosavljevic S (October 2010). "The effectiveness of walking as an ... Lin CW, Haas M, Maher CG, Machado LA, van Tulder MW (July 2011). "Cost-effectiveness of guideline-endorsed treatments for low ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). OCLC 845095216. PMID ... The decision to use or not use each form may be based upon therapist preference, patient preference or effectiveness for ... There is a great emphasis on using clinical research and prior clinical knowledge in determining how to move forward with ... The use of different therapeutic approaches will be based on the effectiveness in resolving the patient's problems, rather than ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 24501780. Our review finds that the ... Research on long-term TM practitioners experiencing what they describe as cosmic consciousness, has identified unique EEG ... "Maharishi Effect - Research on the Maharishi Effect". Maharishi University of Management. Archived from the original on 23 ... It is reported to be one of the most widely practiced, and among the most widely researched, meditation techniques, with ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Review. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). doi:10.23970/ ... Research suggests that cultural adaptations to TF-CBT can improve intervention effectiveness. TF-CBT has repeatedly ... Recent research has shown that cannabis is beneficial for PTSD Treatment according to the VFW (Veterans of Foreign Wars) in ... Acupuncture is a safe practice that shows promise in the field of many health conditions and research supports the practice in ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 22091472. Berlim, Marcelo T; Van den ... "Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Cites Influence of New England Comparative Effectiveness Public Advisory Council (CEPAC)". ... The New England Comparative Effectiveness Public Advisory Council (CEPAC). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-13. ... and roadmap for future research". Autism Research. 9 (2): 184-203. doi:10.1002/aur.1567. PMC 4956084. PMID 26536383. Nizard J, ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 32369312. Stokin ... There is ongoing research examining the role of specific medications in reducing the prevalence (primary prevention) and/or ... Further research is needed to determine factors that can help prevent Alzheimer's disease. Cardiovascular risk factors, such as ... More research is needed to examine the relationship with Alzheimer's disease specifically; clarification of the direct role ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). PMID 28817250. ... Research has shown that during the early preschool years (ages 3-5), children with cleft lip or cleft palate tend to have a ... There is research dedicated to the psychosocial development of individuals with cleft palate. A cleft palate/lip may impact an ... The research found that PHF8 encodes for a histone lysine demethylase, and is involved in epigenetic regulation. The catalytic ...
Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research. 7 (8): 737-748. doi:10.2217/cer-2018-0016. ISSN 2042-6305. PMID 29697278. S2CID ... Following research indicating its effectiveness in treatment-resistant schizophrenia and the development of an adverse event ... September 2011). "Efficacy and comparative effectiveness of atypical antipsychotic medications for off-label uses in adults: a ... The research was funded by the National Health Service (NHS) of the UK. Because each medication (whether first or second ...
Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 123. AHRQ Publication No. 13-EHC113-EF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and ... Many issues should be considered related to their comparative effectiveness, including the cost of DOACs, risk of stroke, risk ... Munger, TM; Wu, LQ; Shen, WK (January 2014). "Atrial fibrillation". Journal of Biomedical Research. 28 (1): 1-17. doi:10.7555/ ... Steinberg, BA; Piccini, JP (14 April 2014). "Anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation". BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.). 348: g2116. ...
"Should comparative effectiveness research ignore industry-funded data?". Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research. 3 (4): ... Together with public and private research groups, these agencies construct databases on supplement properties, perform research ... As continual research on the properties of supplements accumulates, databases or fact sheets for various supplements are ... Limited human research has been conducted on the potential for dietary supplementation to affect disease risk. Examples: ...
Comparative Effectiveness of Nonoperative and Operative Treatment for Rotator Cuff Tears. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. ... Research in 1996 showed that the postero-lateral origin was more lateral than classically described. The supraspinatus tendon ... A comparative effectiveness review of nonoperative and operative treatments for rotator cuff tears was performed at the ... The study showed the overall effectiveness of arthroscopic procedures on shoulder repair, and the lack of risk experienced. ...
The duration of effectiveness and whether a booster will be needed is unknown. The high cost of this vaccine has been a cause ... Initial research in the 1940s and 1950s attributed cervical cancer to smegma (e.g. Heins et al. 1958). During the 1960s and ... February 2020). "Mortality impact of achieving WHO cervical cancer elimination targets: a comparative modelling analysis in 78 ... In medical research, the most famous immortalized cell line, known as HeLa, was developed from cervical cancer cells of a woman ...
Articles that may contain original research from July 2014, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing ... For this and other reasons, the effectiveness of rating systems such as the ESRB to actually curb violent gameplay in youth ... video games are likely to remain a part of modern society has led to a brace of comparative studies between violent games and ... As research supporting the view that video game violence leads to youth violence has been produced, there have been a number of ...
Research has shown that how well an applicant does in the interview can be enhanced with coaching. The effectiveness of ... Sears, J. Greg; Zhang, Haiyan; Wiesner, H. Willi; Hackett, D. Rick; Yuan, Yufei (1 January 2013). "A comparative assessment of ... This research needs to be done across various domains outside of the education sector. Research also needs to clarify ... Research has found different findings based on interviewers' perceptions of the disability. For example, some research has ...
Fowler's model has inspired a considerable body of empirical research into faith development, although little of such research ... Some of Jung's writings have been devoted to elucidating some of the archetypal symbols, and include his work in comparative ... religious beliefs are increasingly being considered in psychotherapy with the goal of improving service and effectiveness of ... Additional research suggests the social component of ritual. For instance, findings suggest that ritual performance indicates ...
In addition, the effectiveness and safety of long-term use of these agents remain to be determined. It was concluded that more ... Mamelak M, Csima A, Price V (1984). "A comparative 25-night sleep laboratory study on the effects of quazepam and triazolam on ... research is needed to evaluate the long-term effects of treatment and the most appropriate management strategy for elderly ... literature regarding the management of insomnia and the elderly found that there is considerable evidence of the effectiveness ...
Colson, R (2019). "Fixing Transnational Drug Policy: Drug Prohibition in the Eyes of Comparative Law" (PDF). Journal of Law and ... Provision of Marijuana and Other Compounds For Scientific Research - Recommendations of The National Institute on Drug Abuse ... to medical and scientific purposes and were willing to sacrifice a degree of national sovereignty to ensure the effectiveness ... Boister, Neil (1996). "The international legal regulation of drug production, distribution and consumption". The Comparative ...
The effectiveness of the bill has come into question as it has purportedly endangered sex workers and has been ineffective in ... Weitzer, R. (2005). New directions in research on prostitution. Crime, Law and Social Change,43(4-5), 211-235. doi:10.1007/ ... International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 64 (2-3): 249-264. doi:10.1177/0306624X19866306. ISSN ...
Keller, M. K.; Klausen, B. J.; Twetman, S. (2016-03-01). "Fluoride varnish or fluoride mouth rinse? A comparative study of two ... Horst, J.A. (2018-02-01). "Silver Fluoride as a Treatment for Dental Caries". Advances in Dental Research. 29 (1): 135-140. doi ... Hua, Yong-Mei; Chen, Jie; Jean, Gong (2006-04-01). "[The preventive effectiveness in reducing tooth decay and decalcification ... Wei, Wei; Pang, Shujuan; Sun, Dianjun (2019-04-01). "The pathogenesis of endemic fluorosis: Research progress in the last 5 ...
Research Note Tutorials". Gartner Group. 2000. O'Reilly, Tim. "Gov 2.0: It's All About The Platform". TechCrunch. Retrieved 22 ... E-Government in Turkey is the use of digital technology to improve service efficiency and effectiveness in Turkey. As of ... Licensed under CC-By-4.0 (license statement/permission). Text taken from A Comparative Analysis of E-Government Services of ... doi:10.1016/S0740-624X(01)00089-2. Deloitte Research - Public Sector Institute At the Dawn of e-Government: The Citizen as ...
Pearson, Steven D.; Bach, Peter B. (2010-10-01). "How Medicare Could Use Comparative Effectiveness Research In Deciding On New ... Comparative Effectiveness Research Steering Committee. Pearson founded the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review at the ... and the Founder and President of the non-profit health policy and comparative effectiveness research organization Institute for ... He conducts research on cost-effectiveness analysis and healthcare technology assessment. He is also a lecturer in Harvard's ...
Research methods in language and education. Springer. pp. 311-323. ISBN 9780387328751. OCLC 863220571. Hélot, Christine; Mejía ... The effectiveness and validity of the obvious: lessons learned from the evaluation of bilingual educational processes]. Revista ... Comparative Education. 39 (2): 239-260. doi:10.1080/03050060302553. JSTOR 3099883. S2CID 145321787. Espinoza Alvarado, Marco ... Multidisciplinary Research on Hawaiian Well-Being. U.S. Census (April 2010). "Table 1. Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and ...
Given the premise that leader effectiveness is contextual, the research was conducted by believing that the social and ... it primarily served the concerns of those who needed to do comparative analysis and created it through "coercing a culturally ... Advances in Consumer Research, Volume 2. Vol. NA-02. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Association for Consumer Research. pp. 21-32. ... Articles that may contain original research from October 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Wikipedia ...
These roles would be as follows: Market research, Fraud analytics, Equity research and investment, banking Insurance and ... These two differ based on the level of risk management, cost effectiveness or the need for managerial control. In the ... hence developing a comparative advantage. The customers (multinational firms) are charged for fixed fees, which are the wages ... "Global Offshore Captive Landscape and Trends: Focus Geography - The Philippines - Everest Group Research". research.everestgrp. ...
In early research in this area, Turek tried to understand more about how sperm "viability" relates to "motility." Subsequently ... In addition, FNA Mapping has been used to determine the effectiveness of mapping in patients after sterilizing chemotherapy, ... comparative study of currently used techniques to diagnosis EDO followed by the invention and publication of a dynamic, ... Turek is a recent recipient of a National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant for research designed to help infertile men become ...
The systemic use of comparative research demonstrated the model's effectiveness. Housing First for the chronically homeless is ... A research study at University of Northern Carolina also reported that a housing project for the chronically homeless called ... Research conducted in the late 1990s by pioneering American social researcher Dennis P. Culhane and others demonstrated that ... According to Stanhope and Dunn, Housing First is "an example of research-driven policy making but also resulted in a ...
Research showed that URBMI helped improve healthcare utilization and residents' health conditions, especially for low-income ... However, there are some difficulties that undermine the scheme's effectiveness in reducing out-of-pocket medical costs. To ... Journal of Comparative Economics. 42 (4): 1007-1020. doi:10.1016/j.jce.2014.02.003. Lin, Wanchuan; Liu, Gordon G.; Chen, Gang ( ... Pan, Jie (2013). "Is Medical Insurance Improving Health? Empirical analysis based on URBMI". Economic Research Journal. 4 - via ...
p. 2. "Global Christianity - A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Christian Population" (PDF). Pew Research ... 189, 208 Britannica.com Church and state Sir Banister Fletcher, History of Architecture on the Comparative Method. Buringh, ... dogma and effectiveness of "the" Medieval Church in Europe: ... For a thousand years Europe was ruled by an order of guardians ... "Global Christianity - A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Christian Population" (PDF). Pew Research Center. ...
Using this and other research, she has produced "The Louisiana Slave Database and the Louisiana Free Database: 1719-1820," ... using satellite remote sensing techniques and comparative plans from the General Archive of the Indies, have managed to locate ... increase the size and effectiveness of the police force, and expand the municipal boundaries. Under her administration, New ... Recently, historians Frank Cazorla and J. David Polo, from the Louis de Unzaga Historical Society research team, ...
The Sino-Brazilian Principles in a Latin American and BRICS Context: The Case for Comparative Public Budgeting Legal Research ... Foreign Minister of Brazil, Celso Amorim, said "Our impression... is that the effectiveness of sanctions is debatable." He ...
Researchers at the Research Center of the Chinese Comfort Women Issue of Shanghai Normal University estimate that the total ... reducing their effectiveness. In the Philippines, "comfort women" were billed by Japanese doctors if they required medical ... Comparative Connections, A Quarterly e-Journal on East Asian Bilateral Relations. 9 (2): 131-146. ISSN 1930-5370. Retrieved ... "Press Conference: Latest research on Japan's military sexual slavery ("comfort women")" (PDF). April 17, 2007. Archived from ...
Some research indicates that older adults may display, at least in certain situations, a positivity bias or positivity effect. ... Costantini, Arthur F.; Hoving, Kenneth L. (1973). "The effectiveness of reward and punishment contingencies on response ... Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 54 (4): 449-451. doi:10.1037/h0045445. PMID 13734128. Dreben, Elizabeth K ... For instance, research indicates that negative vocabulary is more richly descriptive of the affective experience than that of ...
Conservation biologists research and educate on the trends and process of biodiversity loss, species extinctions, and the ... Thomas, JA; Telfer, MG; Roy, DB; Preston, CD; Greenwood, JJ; Asher, J; Fox, R; Clarke, RT; Lawton, JH (2004). "Comparative ... "Effectiveness of the global protected area network in representing species diversity" (PDF). Nature. 428 (6983): 640-3. Bibcode ... Considerable research effort is now directed at urban conservation biology. The Society for Conservation Biology originated in ...
... which aims to establish a comparative effectiveness research program to provide information about the comparative effectiveness ... The effect of the bill would be to add a very substantial cost burden on the comparative effectiveness research program which ... Furthermore it would prevent any Federal program from citing comparative effectiveness research findings to prevent the use of ... Nevertheless the Health and Human Services Department has said that comparative effectiveness research "will not recommend ...
SWTs are appropriate when the research focus is on the effectiveness of the treatment rather than on its mere existence. ... Stepped wedge design features many comparative advantages to traditional RCTs (Randomized controlled trials). First, SWTs are ... Brown CA, Lilford RJ (November 2006). "The stepped wedge trial design: a systematic review". BMC Medical Research Methodology. ... The Gambia Hepatitis Study Group (November 1987). "The Gambia Hepatitis Intervention Study". Cancer Research. 47 (21): 5782-7. ...
Years of research and testing seem to indicate that the brain is functioning in full adult capacity by the time youths reach ... The Journal of Comparative Neurology. 384 (1): 26-40. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-9861(19970721)384:1. 3.0.CO;2-N. PMID 9214538. ... This may bring into question the effectiveness of brain development studies in treating and successfully rehabilitating ... Johnson SB, Blum RW, Giedd JN (2009). "Adolescent maturity and the brain: the promise and pitfalls of neuroscience research in ...
The effectiveness of PFIs has been contested, though the idea was enthusiastically taken up by Tony Blair and their use ... Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. January 2020. Retrieved 18 June 2020. Major 2000, pp. 526-7. Seldon 1998, pp ... ISBN 1-85065-585-5. Stroschein, Sherrill (2014). "Consociational Settlements and Reconstruction: Bosnia in Comparative ... Liu, Eva; Yue, S.Y. (1996). Political Development in Hong Kong since the 1980s (PDF). Research and Library Services Division ...
Babu.M, Theyyan (January 2018). "ARNSTEIN'S LADDER OF CITIZEN PARTICIPATION A CRITICAL DISCUSSION". Asian Academic Research ... Greenwood, Justin (2019-12-01). "The European Citizens' Initiative: bringing the EU closer to its citizens?". Comparative ... is relevant to question the nature of the participatory mechanisms set up at European level and their degree of effectiveness. ... European Journal of Political Research. 49 (4): 471-495. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.01905.x. ISSN 1475-6765. SMITH G., (2009 ...
11-EHC029-EF, Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 26. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Archived from ... noting that most studies that had been done to assess its effectiveness were "seriously flawed". Autism Research Institute - ... Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Gluten-free and casein free diets in the treatment of autism spectrum disorders: A ... The Autism Research Institute recommends the GFCF/GFDF diet as a treatment for autism and related conditions. The organization ...
A comparative study from Canada and South Africa". Annals of Surgery. 202 (1): 80-2. doi:10.1097/00000658-198507000-00013. PMC ... The cost effectiveness of surgery versus antibiotics is unclear. Using antibiotics to prevent potential postoperative ... Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID 24199256. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-20. ... Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Statistical Brief #157 (Report). Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Archived ...
In addressing the AAOS Council on Research, Quality Assessment, and Technology, James N. Weinstein, DO, MS, listed the many ... Initial National Priorities for Comparative Effectiveness Research, Dr. Wein-stein helped define the purpose of CER: to assist ... Weinstein believes, and comparative effective research (CER) is a means to that end. ... The AAOS could contribute or develop research on the effectiveness of alternative therapies to reduce symptoms of ...
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Read the commentary in the Journal of the American Medical Association on comparative effectiveness research (CER) and NIHs ... Using Science to Improve the Nations Health System: NIHs Commitment to Comparative Effectiveness Research ...
A New Landscape for Comparative Effectiveness Research. There is a clear movement toward a more pragmatic application of real- ... Over the past decade, there have been signs that the landscape for comparative effectiveness research (CER) is shifting. When ... Adapted from "Perspectives on Decision Making in a World of Comparative Effectiveness Research," by Dave Nellesen, Howard G. ... Birnbaum, and Paul E. Greenberg, in Decision Making in a World of Comparative Effectiveness Research, edited by Howard G. ...
Time is of the essence. PCORI moves to implement comparative effectiveness research, funding Modern Healthcare ... McKinney M. Time is of the essence. PCORI moves to implement comparative effectiveness research, funding. Mod Healthc. 2012 ...
Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) Data. In response to the need for data to support comparative effectiveness research ( ... Proposal amendments, including changes to the research team or minor adjustments to research questions or output, require an ... CER), or patient-centered outcomes research, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and CDCs National Program ... In the proposal, please thoroughly explain your research need for access to restricted-use variables, your analytic plan, how ...
LocalControl: An R Package for Comparative Safety and Effectiveness Research.. Lauve, Nicolas R; Nelson, Stuart J; Young, S ... While designed and appropriate for use in comparative safety and effectiveness research involving medicine and the life ...
Research. Comparative Effectiveness of Coronavirus Vaccine in Preventing Breakthrough Infections among Vaccinated Persons ... We aimed to provide a measure of comparative effectiveness of mRNA vaccines (BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273) against B.1.617.2 (Delta) ... Her primary research interests include vaccine effectiveness and population-level impact of public health interventions. ... Comparative Effectiveness of Coronavirus Vaccine in Preventing Breakthrough Infections among Vaccinated Persons Infected with ...
... you know just how valuable the Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research (JCER) is. The publication features peer-reviewed ... Evidence Teams Work Tops List of Most Read Articles in 2021 in Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research. August 29, 20228 ... "Were proud of what weve done to date, and excited about our growing teams capabilities to deliver world-class research." ... The second most downloaded piece was a Research article on "Efficacy classifications of modern therapies in multiple sclerosis, ...
In this comparative effectiveness research 195 neonates ,36 weeks gestation were randomised to three groups, receiving during ... New perspective for pain control in neonates: a comparative effectiveness research. Full Paper ...
Final report, Research Evaluation and Impact Assessment of ARRA Comparative Effectiveness Research Portfolio: Final Report ( ... Home  Project Descriptions  Research Evaluation and Impact Assessment of ARRA Comparative Effectiveness Research Portfolio ... funded comparative effectiveness research (CER) portfolio. The evaluation catalogued how CER funding was invested to achieve ... the vision of the Federal Coordinating Council on Comparative Effectiveness Research, develop tools for ongoing assessment of ...
Comparative effectiveness of mRNA-1273 and BNT162b2 against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection. Med ... This collection highlights the groundbreaking original research studies published at Med, from Case Reports to Clinical and ... compare the real-world effectiveness of BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 in a population of over 180,000 vaccinated individuals. Although ... both vaccines strongly protected against symptomatic infection, their effectiveness declined in recent months. Throughout the ...
... demonstrates the feasibility of disseminating a comparative effectiveness module to physicians using peer detailers and ... King: Associate Director for Evaluation and Research, Center for Collaborative and Interactive Technologies, Baylor College of ... Peer Detailing-The Preparation and Experience of Detailers Involved in a Project to Disseminate a Comparative Effectiveness ...
Comparative Effectiveness: A type of health care research that compares the results of one approach for managing a disease to ... Comparative effectiveness usually compares two or more types of treatments, such as different drugs, for the same disease. ... Comparative effectiveness also can compare types of surgery or other kinds of medical procedures and tests. ... Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 5600 Fishers Lane. Rockville, MD 20857. Telephone: (301) 427-1364. ...
The authors would like to thank the patients and staff of DaVita, Inc, without whom this research would not have been possible. ... Comparative Effectiveness of BNT162b2 versus Ad26.COV2.S for the Prevention of COVID-19 among Dialysis Patients. Steven M. ... Comparative effectiveness of BNT162b2 and Ad26.COV2.S during follow-up among (A) all matched pairs and. (B) the subset of ... Comparative Effectiveness among Patients with No Prior COVID-19 History. When we excluded pairs with a prior history of COVID- ...
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. March 2013. www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/evidence-based-reports/ ... Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 211. (Prepared by the Southern California-RAND Evidence-based Practice Center under ... This issue of Effectiveness Matters summarises the evidence relating to the implementation of interventions to prevent pressure ... The American Association for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) report Making Health Care Safer II13 assessed evidence on ...
However, a broad variation in FOs is used, both in clinical practice and in research. To date, there is no overview on the ... The objectives of the present study were to summarize the comparative effectiveness of FOs in the treatment of various foot ... Definitive high quality RCTs, with adequate sample sizes and long-term follow-up, are needed to investigate the comparative ( ... cost-) effectiveness of different kinds of foot orthoses for the treatment of foot problems related to rheumatoid arthritis. ...
Comparative Effectiveness *. Comparative Effectiveness Research *. Cost-Effectiveness *. Health Economics & Outcomes Research * ...
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Comparative Effectiveness of Therapies for Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer. ... A 2008 research summary by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) noted that no randomized controlled trials had ... Comparative analysis of prostate-specific antigen free survival outcomes for patients with low, intermediate and high risk ... Dan Theodorescu, MD, PhD Paul A Bunn Professor of Cancer Research, Professor of Surgery and Pharmacology, Director, University ...
... Review publications at Sutter Health. ... In the era of "comparative effectiveness" research, each of the major stakeholders in healthcare--payors, patients, providers, ... Meta-analysis 101: what you want to know in the era of comparative effectiveness.. ... makers increasingly rely on systematic reviews and meta-analyses to facilitate the interpretation and application of research ...
Here is the 2009 Integrator Top 10 for integrative policy, practice, research and professional activity. Just 9 are listed. ... Themes of effectiveness, comparative effectiveness, medical costs and. the role of research in reform are on the table. NCCAM ... the Obama stimulus plan elevated a movement toward comparative effectiveness research (CER) which will help reset our research ... 6. Obamas stimulus to comparative effectiveness research (CER). One valuable teaching from the endless healthcare punditry of ...
For comparative effectiveness research projects, see: PAR-22-076: Prospective Observational Comparative Effectiveness Research ... or comparative effectiveness research). NINDS will continue to consider these large projects as a separate, unsolicited ... I. Importance of the Research and Appropriateness for the COMBINE program A. Importance of the Research ... For research that involves human subjects and meets the criteria for one or more of the categories of research that are exempt ...
... comparative effectiveness research; health services research; mental health; pediatrics; stakeholder engagement; trial design ... and future directions for this patient-engaged comparative effectiveness research. ... Engaging parent-child dyad and healthcare provider stakeholders in a patient-centered comparative effectiveness study. ... Aim: Describe engagement activities in a comparative effectiveness study evaluating two interventions for promoting ...
Comparative Effectiveness Review. Rockville, MD, United States: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2012. ... High-quality research is needed in the future to explore the possible impact of these different factors when considering ... Over the past decades, the unprecedented and steady rise in the rates of CS have led to increased research, debate and concern ... PLOS ONE promises fair, rigorous peer review, broad scope, and wide readership - a perfect fit for your research every time. ...
This information is from research on adults. * Your health care professional may include your primary care doctor, psychiatrist ... Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 161. (Prepared by the RTI International-University of North Carolina Evidence-based ... This information comes from a research report that was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, a Federal ... An Update of the 2007 Comparative Effectiveness Review, December 2011. The report was also produced by the RTI International- ...
The first is a proposal to expand comparative effectiveness research. Thats a bureaucratic way of saying the government would ... John Holahan, the director of the Urban Institute Health Policy Research Center, said he has not seen anything in any of the ... Some opponents, however, claim the government would use findings from this research to ration care. We looked into this issue ... Interview with John Holahan, the director of the Urban Institute Health Policy Research Center, Aug. 17, 2009 ...
AHRQ Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. Sodium and potassium intake: effects on chronic disease outcomes and risks. Rockville ( ... World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of ... the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research concluded that salt was a probable cause of stomach ... Intersalt Cooperative Research Group. BMJ. 1996;312(7041):1249-1253. (PubMed). 32. Luft FC, Weinberger MH. Heterogeneous ...
Comparative Effectiveness Review Methods: Clinical Heterogeneity Methods Research Paper. AHRQ Publication No. 10-EHC070-EF. ... They should not be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the U.S. Department ... Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2010.. 10. Lièvre MM, Moulin P, Thivolet C, et al; DYNAMIT ... Han BH, Sutin D, Williamson JD, et al; ALLHAT Collaborative Research Group. Effect of statin treatment vs usual care on primary ...
Dartmouth Atlas investigators have an extensive bibliography of scientific research articles published in peer-reviewed ... The pragmatists guide to comparative effectiveness research. J Econ Perspect. 2011 Spring;25(2):27-46. doi: 10.1257/jep.25.2. ... Research Articles. Atlas investigators have an extensive bibliography of scientific articles published in peer-reviewed ... Cost-effectiveness of digital mammography breast cancer screening. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Jan 1;148(1):1-10. doi: 10.7326/0003- ...
  • The second most downloaded piece was a Research article on " Efficacy classifications of modern therapies in multiple sclerosis, " downloaded just shy of 3,000 times and published in late February 2021. (eversana.com)
  • Within these systematic reviews, the effectiveness of custom-made FOs was compared to placebo/simple FOs or no FOs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Snowballing's effectiveness makes it best practice in systematic reviews despite being time-consuming and tedious. (jmir.org)
  • Committee on Standards for Systematic Reviews of Comparative Effectiveness Research. (who.int)
  • In response to the need for data to support comparative effectiveness research (CER), or patient-centered outcomes research, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) developed a special data collection enhancement project to help answer specific CER questions through the development of analytic datasets. (cdc.gov)
  • AHRQ Projects funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund. (ahrq.gov)
  • Engaging parent-child dyad and healthcare provider stakeholders in a patient-centered comparative effectiveness study. (cdc.gov)
  • This issue of Effectiveness Matters summarises the evidence relating to the implementation of interventions to prevent pressure ulcers in hospital and community care settings. (york.ac.uk)
  • These reviews have found convincing evidence of effectiveness for high-specification foam mattresses, 7 but not for standalone nutritional interventions 8 or for the application of topical agents over bony prominences. (york.ac.uk)
  • The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation. (npcnow.org)
  • Results: Results from intervention effectiveness studies on hearing loss prevention do not provide evidence to support current practices. (cdc.gov)
  • Direct evidence for cloth and medical mask efficacy and effectiveness in the community is limited. (who.int)
  • 3. Since such a policy and plan should be based on solid evidence, it is vital to carry out beforehand a comprehensive assessment and anal ysis of the knowledge gap and the current state of research, information and knowledge manageme nt in each country. (who.int)
  • DEPLOY, a matched-pair, group-randomized pilot comparative effectiveness trial involving two YMCA facilities in greater Indianapolis, compared the delivery of a group-based DPP lifestyle intervention by the YMCA with brief counseling alone (control). (cdc.gov)
  • We aimed to provide a measure of comparative effectiveness of mRNA vaccines (BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273) against B.1.617.2 (Delta) versus B.1.1.7 (Alpha) VOCs, using a case-case study design. (cdc.gov)
  • Methods This retrospective study compared the clinical effectiveness of Ad26.COV2.S (Janssen/Johnson and Johnson) to BNT162b2 among dialysis patients. (medrxiv.org)
  • Conclusion In a large real-world cohort of dialysis patients, no difference was detected in the clinical effectiveness of BNT162b2 and Ad26.COV2.S, despite an inconsistent antibody response to the latter. (medrxiv.org)
  • We developed a case-case study to compare mRNA vaccine effectiveness against Delta versus Alpha coronavirus variants. (cdc.gov)
  • Determining the comparative effectiveness of CPAP versus CPAPflex in those subjects with OSA who have high nasal resistance through increasing adherence to therapy, thus allowing the WTC Health Program to make appropriate treatment decision with regard to these responders. (cdc.gov)
  • We found significantly higher odds of vaccine breakthrough infection in Delta-infected patients than in Alpha-infected patients (odds ratio 1.96 [95% CI 1.22-3.14]), suggesting lower effectiveness of the mRNA vaccines in preventing infection with the Delta variant. (cdc.gov)
  • Early reports of vaccine effectiveness indicate a high protection for mRNA vaccines against infection and disease ( 5 , 6 ) and a reduced viral load in the vaccinated case-patients ( 7 , 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • However, reports of vaccine effectiveness against Delta have shown decreased protection of the vaccines compared with the Alpha variant ( 2 , 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Because individual vaccines may be differentially available or acceptable to patients, it is important to understand comparative effectiveness of other vaccines, such those based on adeno-virus technologies. (medrxiv.org)
  • To date, there are no comparative effectiveness data for these vaccines on clinical outcomes. (medrxiv.org)
  • A type of health care research that compares the results of one approach for managing a disease to the results of other approaches. (ahrq.gov)
  • Since then, a flurry of leading integrative healthcare professional and academic associations weighed in for more attention to pragmatic, real-world, effectiveness approaches. (healthy.net)
  • This defined research goal must only be achievable by an interdisciplinary team approach involving innovative combination of distinct disciplines and/or intellectual viewpoints, synergy in expertise and approaches, and well-managed team interactions. (nih.gov)
  • Tackling the most ambitious goals and challenges of modern neuroscience research is increasingly dependent on collaborative approaches that leverage expertise and advances across multiple disciplines, an ever-increasing knowledgebase, and a broad armamentarium of technologies. (nih.gov)
  • In the proposal, please thoroughly explain your research need for access to restricted-use variables, your analytic plan, how you intend to report your results, and the exact output you need for your near final product (e.g., paper, journal article or presentation). (cdc.gov)
  • Proposal amendments, including changes to the research team or minor adjustments to research questions or output, require an updated proposal and full review by Review Committee. (cdc.gov)
  • After the proposal is approved, all members of the research team are required to complete the Confidentiality Training. (cdc.gov)
  • The first is a proposal to expand comparative effectiveness research. (politifact.com)
  • The YMCA, which was engaged before the development of the research grant proposal, collaborated with researchers at IUSM throughout the study. (cdc.gov)
  • Some opponents, however, claim the government would use findings from this research to ration care. (politifact.com)
  • Findings may be used for research purposes, but should not be considered current. (ahrq.gov)
  • Read the commentary in the Journal of the American Medical Association on comparative effectiveness research (CER) and NIH's leadership role by NIH Director Francis Collins and Dr. Michael Lauer. (nih.gov)
  • If you work in the field of Health Economics and Outcome Research (HEOR) in the life sciences industry, you know just how valuable the Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research (JCER) is. (eversana.com)
  • The evaluation catalogued how CER funding was invested to achieve the vision of the Federal Coordinating Council on Comparative Effectiveness Research, develop tools for ongoing assessment of the ARRA CER portfolio, and provide guidance to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) regarding future CER evaluations and investments. (insightpolicyresearch.com)
  • This 3-year study provided the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation with a formative, short-term assessment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)-funded comparative effectiveness research (CER) portfolio. (insightpolicyresearch.com)
  • The objectives of the present study were to summarize the comparative effectiveness of FOs in the treatment of various foot problems in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, on the primary outcomes foot function and foot pain, and the secondary outcomes physical functioning, health related quality of life, compliance, adverse events, the costs of FOs and patient satisfaction. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a lengthened multi-disciplinary team consultation in primary care in reducing anxiety and depression in mothers. (nih.gov)
  • Aim: Describe engagement activities in a comparative effectiveness study evaluating two interventions for promoting psychosocial health among youth ages 10-17 who have recently experienced a nonintentional injury. (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusion: Results highlight diverse methods of engaging patient and professional stakeholders, critical recommendations for improving study engagement and retention, and future directions for this patient-engaged comparative effectiveness research. (cdc.gov)
  • We are pleased to announce that Insight Policy Research was acquired by Westat, effective June 15, 2022. (insightpolicyresearch.com)
  • This information comes from a research report that was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, a Federal Government agency. (ahrq.gov)
  • They should not be construed as an official position of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)
  • Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (bvsalud.org)
  • However, a broad variation in FOs is used, both in clinical practice and in research. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A broad variation in FOs is used in the treatment of specific RA-related foot problems, both in clinical practice and research. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here is the 2009 Integrator Top 10 for integrative policy, practice, research and professional activity. (healthy.net)
  • Dr. Jones' research focuses on key areas of digital health including the use of electronic health records (EHRs) to support innovation in care process redesign, the development of tools and processes for implementing shared decision-making and patient-reported data collection in routine care, and deploying and evaluating health IT tools in "real-world" clinical practice settings. (sutterhealth.org)
  • Dr. Jones received his PhD in health services research from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, his MBA from the Marriott School of Management at Brigham Young University, and his BS in physiology from the University of California, Davis. (sutterhealth.org)
  • Our combined experience now offers expanded expertise in health, education, and social policy as well as deeper methodological skills in survey research, evaluation, data analytics, and technical assistance. (insightpolicyresearch.com)
  • Most reported interventions focus on the use of hearing protectors, and effectiveness depends on the quality of the implementation of prevention programs. (cdc.gov)
  • Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis, including primary research studies of any method published in peer-reviewed journals. (bmj.com)
  • Background Extensive research has been conducted into the effects of feedback interventions within many areas of healthcare, but prehospital emergency care has been relatively neglected. (bmj.com)
  • The NICE guideline further states that additional research is needed on debridement techniques, negative wound pressure therapy, risk assessment in children, pressure redistribution devices, and the optimum position and frequency for repositioning patients. (york.ac.uk)
  • Genetic testing for suicide risk assessment: Theoretical premises, research challenges and ethical concerns. (cdc.gov)
  • Low rate of primary med nonadherence in the overall population differed from prior studies in this setting and others and should be assessed in future research. (sutterhealth.org)
  • however, well-designed comparative effectiveness studies are required. (who.int)
  • This information is from research on adults. (ahrq.gov)
  • Research participants were adults who attended a diabetes risk-screening event at one of two semi-urban YMCA facilities and had a BMI (kg/m2) greater than 24, two or more risk factors for diabetes, and a random capillary blood glucose concentration of 110-199 mg/dL. (cdc.gov)
  • Comparative effectiveness usually compares two or more types of treatments, such as different drugs, for the same disease. (ahrq.gov)
  • These treatments may work as well as antidepressants, but more research is needed to know for sure. (ahrq.gov)
  • Comparative effectiveness also can compare types of surgery or other kinds of medical procedures and tests. (ahrq.gov)
  • Themes of effectiveness, comparative effectiveness, medical costs and the role of research in reform are on the table. (healthy.net)
  • To assess the effectiveness of cloth and medical masks for preventing SARS-CoV-2 transmission in community settings. (who.int)
  • The primary outcome was the comparative rate of COVID-19 considered over 3 follow-up intervals: weeks 1-3, 4-6, and ≥ 7 post-vaccination. (medrxiv.org)
  • Two other types of talk therapy (interpersonal therapy and psychodynamic therapy) might also work as well as antidepressants, but more research is needed to know for sure. (ahrq.gov)
  • The Act called on the Institute of Medicine to recommend comparative effectiveness research priority topics. (cdc.gov)
  • Definitive high quality RCTs, with adequate sample sizes and long-term follow-up, are needed to investigate the comparative (cost-) effectiveness of different kinds of foot orthoses for the treatment of foot problems related to rheumatoid arthritis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Further research is needed to provide guidance and frameworks supporting better design and evaluation of feedback interventions within EMS. (bmj.com)
  • We're proud of what we've done to date, and excited about our growing team's capabilities to deliver world-class research. (eversana.com)
  • Validating this potential reduction of vaccine effectiveness against the Delta VOC is critical to inform further public health measures, particularly as the variant becomes globally dominant. (cdc.gov)
  • Works about randomized clinical trials that compare interventions in clinical settings and which look at a range of effectiveness outcomes and impacts. (bvsalud.org)
  • While designed and appropriate for use in comparative safety and effectiveness research involving medicine and the life sciences , the package can be used in other situations involving outcomes with multiple confounders. (bvsalud.org)
  • Their recommendations are in the report Initial National Priorities for Comparative Effectiveness Research ( http://www.nap.edu/catalog/12648.html ). (cdc.gov)
  • Comparative Effectiveness Report No. 44. (bvsalud.org)
  • Dr. Jones directs Sutter Health's Health Care Solutions team, and is a Principal Investigator at the Sutter Health Center for Health Systems Research (East Campus, currently operating as Sutter's Research Development and Dissemination). (sutterhealth.org)
  • 1 - 4 As such, efforts to vaccinate these patients and understand the effectiveness of vaccinations in this cohort are critical. (medrxiv.org)
  • The WHO COVID-19 Research Database is a resource created in response to the Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). (bvsalud.org)