Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
Institutions with permanent facilities and organized medical staff which provide the full range of hospital services primarily to a neighborhood area.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Total pharmaceutical services provided to the public through community pharmacies.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
A group of different species of microorganisms that act together as a community.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.
General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population or community. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Psychotherapeutic technique which emphasizes socioenvironmental and interpersonal influences in the resocialization and rehabilitation of the patient. The setting is usually a hospital unit or ward in which professional and nonprofessional staff interact with the patients.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The status of health in rural populations.
Electrophoresis in which various denaturant gradients are used to induce nucleic acids to melt at various stages resulting in separation of molecules based on small sequence differences including SNPs. The denaturants used include heat, formamide, and urea.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and Eukarya), formerly called Archaebacteria under the taxon Bacteria, but now considered separate and distinct. They are characterized by: (1) the presence of characteristic tRNAs and ribosomal RNAs; (2) the absence of peptidoglycan cell walls; (3) the presence of ether-linked lipids built from branched-chain subunits; and (4) their occurrence in unusual habitats. While archaea resemble bacteria in morphology and genomic organization, they resemble eukarya in their method of genomic replication. The domain contains at least four kingdoms: CRENARCHAEOTA; EURYARCHAEOTA; NANOARCHAEOTA; and KORARCHAEOTA.
Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Facilities which administer the delivery of psychologic and psychiatric services to people living in a neighborhood or community.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.
A phylum of bacteria consisting of the purple bacteria and their relatives which form a branch of the eubacterial tree. This group of predominantly gram-negative bacteria is classified based on homology of equivalent nucleotide sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA or by hybridization of ribosomal RNA or DNA with 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA.
Persons who donate their services.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Branch of psychiatry concerned with the provision and delivery of a coordinated program of mental health care to a specified population. The foci included in this concept are: all social, psychological and physical factors related to etiology, prevention, and maintaining positive mental health in the community.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.
A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The immediate physical zone surrounding plant roots that include the plant roots. It is an area of intense and complex biological activity involving plants, microorganisms, other soil organisms, and the soil.
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.
Community of tiny aquatic PLANTS and ANIMALS, and photosynthetic BACTERIA, that are either free-floating or suspended in the water, with little or no power of locomotion. They are divided into PHYTOPLANKTON and ZOOPLANKTON.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The status of health in urban populations.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The practice of caring for individuals in the community, rather than in an institutional environment with resultant effects on the individual, the individual's family, the community, and the health care system.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Organizational development including enhancement of management structures, processes and procedures, within organizations and among different organizations and sectors to meet present and future needs.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.
Living facilities for humans.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Those persons legally qualified by education and training to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
Genes, found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, which are transcribed to produce the RNA which is incorporated into RIBOSOMES. Prokaryotic rRNA genes are usually found in OPERONS dispersed throughout the GENOME, whereas eukaryotic rRNA genes are clustered, multicistronic transcriptional units.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of archaea.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
The study of microorganisms living in a variety of environments (air, soil, water, etc.) and their pathogenic relationship to other organisms including man.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
Size and composition of the family.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)

The reach and effectiveness of a national mass media-led smoking cessation campaign in The Netherlands. (1/851)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the reach, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness of a mass media-led smoking cessation campaign including television shows, a television clinic, a quit line, local group programs, and a comprehensive publicity campaign. METHODS: A random sample of baseline smokers (n = 1338) was interviewed before and after the campaign and at a 10-month follow-up. A nonpretested control group (n = 508) of baseline smokers was incorporated to control for test effects. RESULTS: Most smokers were aware of the campaign, although active participation rates were low. Dose-response relations between exposure and quitting were found. The follow-up point prevalence abstinence rate attributable to the campaign was estimated to be 4.5% after control for test effects and secular trends. The cost per long-term quitter was about $12. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of a massive rise in tobacco promotion expenditures prior to the campaign and the absence of governmental control over the media, the campaign under study may have increased normal cessation rates substantially.  (+info)

Use of an east end children's accident and emergency department for infants: a failure of primary health care? (2/851)

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain why parents use an accident and emergency department for health care for their infants. DESIGN: Prospective one month study. SETTING: One accident and emergency department of a children's hospital in the east end of London. SUBJECTS: Parents of 159 infants aged < 9 months attending as self referrals (excluding infants attending previously or inpatients within one month, parents advised by the hospital to attend if concerned about their child's health, infants born abroad and arrived in Britain within the previous month). MAIN MEASURES: Details of birth, postnatal hospital stay, contact with health professionals, perceptions of roles of community midwife and health visitor, and current attendance obtained from a semistructured questionnaire administered in the department by a research health visitor; diagnosis, discharge, and follow up. RESULTS: 152(96%) parents were interviewed, 43(28%) of whom were single parent and 68(45%) first time mothers. Presenting symptoms included diarrhoea or vomiting, or both (34, 22%), crying (21, 14%), and feeding difficulties (10, 7%). Respiratory or gastrointestinal infection was diagnosed in 70(46%) infants. Only 17(11%) infants were admitted; hospital follow up was arranged for 27(20%) infants not admitted. Most (141, 94%) parents were registered with a general practitioner; 146(27%) had contact with the community midwife and 135(89%) the health visitor. CONCLUSION: Most attendances were for problems more appropriately dealt with by primary care professionals owing to patients' perceptions of hospital and primary health care services. IMPLICATIONS: Closer cooperation within the health service is needed to provide a service responsive to the real needs of patients.  (+info)

Primary health care, community participation and community-financing: experiences of two middle hill villages in Nepal. (3/851)

Although community involvement in health related activities is generally acknowledged by international and national health planners to be the key to the successful organization of primary health care, comparatively little is known about its potential and limitations. Drawing on the experiences of two middle hill villages in Nepal, this paper reports on research undertaken to compare and contrast the scope and extent of community participation in the delivery of primary health care in a community run and financed health post and a state run and financed health post. Unlike many other health posts in Nepal these facilities do provide effective curative services, and neither of them suffer from chronic shortage of drugs. However, community-financing did not appear to widen the scope and the extent of participation. Villagers in both communities relied on the health post for the treatment of less than one-third of symptoms, and despite the planners' intentions, community involvement outside participation in benefits was found to be very limited.  (+info)

The corporate practice of health care ... a panel discussion. (4/851)

The pros and cons of treating health care as a profit-making business got a lively airing in Boston May 16, when the Harvard School of Public Health's "Second Conference on Strategic Alliances in the Evolving Health Care Market" presented what was billed as a "Socratic panel." The moderator was Charles R. Nesson, J.D., a Harvard Law School professor of 30 years' standing whose knack for guiding lively discussions is well known to viewers of such Public Broadcasting Service series as "The Constitution: That Delicate Balance. "As one panelist mentioned, Boston was an interesting place for this conversation. With a large and eminent medical establishment consisting mostly of traditionally not-for-profit institutions, the metropolis of the only state carried in 1972 by liberal Presidential candidate George McGovern is in one sense a skeptical holdout against the wave of aggressive investment capitalism that has been sweeping the health care industry since the 1994 failure of the Clinton health plan. In another sense, though, managed care-heavy Boston is an innovative crucible of change, just like its dominant HMO, the not-for-profit but merger-minded Harvard Pilgrim Health Care. Both of these facets of Beantown's health care psychology could be discerned in the comments heard during the panel discussion. With the permission of the Harvard School of Public Health--and asking due indulgence for the limitations of tape-recording technology in a room often buzzing with amateur comment--MANAGED CARE is pleased to present selections from the discussion in the hope that they will shed light on the business of health care.  (+info)

Evaluating the community education programme of an insecticide-treated bed net trial on the Kenyan coast. (5/851)

Increased interest in the potential contribution of insecticide-impregnated bed nets (ITBN) to malaria control has led to research efforts to determine the impact and sustainability of ITBN programmes in differing environments. There is a need to develop effective, feasible educational strategies that will both inform and motivate community members, and thus maximize the correct usage of ITBN. This is especially true in communities where indigenous usage of bed nets is low. This paper describes the educational component of a randomized controlled community intervention trial of ITBN, with childhood malaria morbidity as an outcome. The educational approach and messages for the ITBN trial were developed from anthropological survey data collected 4 years before the trial, and from community surveys conducted by project researchers. Low levels of understanding amongst mothers of the aetiological link between mosquitos and malaria led to the exclusion of the term 'malaria' from the initial educational messages promoting the use of ITBN. Appropriate individuals within the existing district health care structure were trained as community educators in the project. These educators conducted intensive teaching in the community through public meetings and group teaching in the first 6 months of the trial. The impact of these initial activities was assessed through interviews with a random sample of 100 mothers and 50 household heads. This allowed the identification of messages which had not been well understood and further educational methods were chosen to address the areas pinpointed. The community assessment also demonstrated that, in 1994, over 90% of mothers understood a protective role for bed nets against malaria and the ITBN education messages were changed to take account of this. The school programme was evaluated through determining outreach (the number of households accessed), changes in participant children's knowledge, post-teaching assessment of mothers' knowledge and discussions with parent-teacher associations. It was shown that 40% of intervention homes with children in the target group were accessed, participant children learned the educational messages well (scores increased from a pre-teaching mean of 59% to a post-teaching mean of 92%) and a high level of awareness of the ITBN trial was achieved in these homes (75%). However, specific messages of the education programmed were not well transferred to the home (30%). The discussion emphasises the need for allocation of adequate resources for education in programmes dependent on achieving a change in community practices. We also describe the value of ongoing communication between programme planners and a target population in maximizing the effectiveness of messages and methods used.  (+info)

Outcomes for control patients referred to a pediatric asthma outreach program: an example of the Hawthorne effect. (6/851)

A study was designed to determine whether identification of high risk for exacerbations of asthma based on pediatrician concern, emergency department visits, or hospital stays results in a decrease of resource utilization because of referral to an asthma outreach program even if the intervention does not take place. The findings for such a group were compared with those for a group who did undergo intervention with an asthma outreach program. Fifty-six patients 1 to 14 years of age were assigned to one of two groups. The control group (those who did not undergo intervention) had consistent but not statistically significant reductions in utilization of emergency visits, hospitalizations, and dollars spent (21%, 24%, and 32%, respectively). The group who underwent intervention with the asthma outreach program had large and statistically significant decreases in the same parameters (emergency visits, 60%, P = 0.001; hospital stays, 74%, P = 0.008; dollars spent, 72%, P = 0.004). However, the apparently insignificant effect of the reductions in utilization by the control group substantially altered interpretation of the outcomes of the study. Cost savings were reduced from $11.69 per dollar spent on intervention to $6.49 per dollar spent. In before-and-after studies such as those typically conducted during continuous quality improvement projects, which typically do not have control groups, investigators need to consider control group effects when they assess the results of intervention.  (+info)

Improving access to disability benefits among homeless persons with mental illness: an agency-specific approach to services integration. (7/851)

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated a joint initiative of the Social Security Administration (SSA) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to improve access to Social Security disability benefits among homeless veterans with mental illness. METHODS: Social Security personnel were colocated with VA clinical staff at 4 of the VA's Health Care for Homeless Veterans (HCHV) programs. Intake assessment data were merged with SSA administrative data to determine the proportion of veterans who filed applications and who received disability awards at the 4 SSA-VA Joint Outreach Initiative sites (n = 6709) and at 34 comparison HCHV sites (n = 27 722) during the 2 years before and after implementation of the program. RESULTS: During the 2 years after the initiative began, higher proportions of veterans applied for disability (18.9% vs 11.1%; P < .001) and were awarded benefits (11.4% vs 7.2%, P < .001) at SSA-VA Joint Initiative sites. CONCLUSION: A colocation approach to service system integration can improve access to disability entitlements among homeless persons with mental illness. Almost twice as many veterans were eligible for this entitlement as received it through a standard outreach program.  (+info)

Nonprofit to for-profit conversions by hospitals, health insurers, and health plans. (8/851)

Conversion of hospitals, health insurers, and health plans from nonprofit to for-profit ownership has become a focus of national debate. The author examines why nonprofit ownership has been dominant in the US health system and assesses the strength of the argument that nonprofits provide community benefits that would be threatened by for-profit conversion. The author concludes that many of the specific community benefits offered by nonprofits, such as care for the poor, could be maintained or replaced by adequate funding of public programs and that quality and fairness in treatment can be better assured through clear standards of care and adequate monitoring systems. As health care becomes increasingly commercialized, the most difficult parts of nonprofits' historic mission to preserve are the community orientation, leadership role, and innovation that nonprofit hospitals and health plans have provided out of their commitment to a community beyond those to whom they sell services.  (+info)

ROLE: Field Team - Community Outreach. REPORTS TO: Field Manager. About Us. We are a healthcare-focused, social enterprise based in Chicago, Illinois. We focus on the digital health space around advocacy and navigation and we aim to seamlessly integrate the best experts in healthcare navigation to help consumers overcome barriers to accessing care. Our goal is to empower Healthcare Providers to focus on delivering the best patient experience and to drastically decrease the number of uninsured or under insured.. General Description. We are looking for Field Team Members for our Community Outreach Initiative. This a short-term contract with the potential for a Full-Time opportunity. The role starts off with TWO to THREE days per week at 6 hours per day. This role also works very well for folks who are in-between jobs or not looking for a full-time or permanent position. As a member of our Community Outreach Team, you will be responsible for visiting Medicaid members from a predetermined list; ...
Basel, April 21, 2015 - Today, in celebration of the companys annual Community Partnership Day, more than 27,000 Novartis associates across 63 countries are engaging in volunteer activities to benefit people in their local communities. This year marks the 19th annual Community Partnership Day, which commemorates the 1996 creation of Novartis as a global leader in healthcare, and demonstrates the companys heritage and commitment to making a meaningful difference in the lives of others. Associates from all Novartis divisions worldwide are participating in Community Partnership Day in 2015. Community Partnership Day gives associates the opportunity to dedicate their work day to participate in a variety of service activities to make an impact on the local communities where they live and work. Associates are volunteering with local organizations in six continents and 63 countries, including Switzerland, the United States, China, Brazil, India, Russia, Ethiopia, Germany, Austria, the United Kingdom, ...
As a component of Penn Chemist Dr. E. James Peterssons education and outreach activities, he chose to work with middle grades students because it is at this point where many casually interested students lose their interest in science as their innate qualitative curiosity is first directed into more structured, quantitative science instruction.* It is not the goal of the Petersson Group to turn every 7th grader into a Ph.D. chemist, rather to encourage them to maintain an interest in science that will enable them to obtain an understanding of science sufficient to remain economically competitive and fluent in todays society.. The Petersson Group hopes to encourage the students by making Biochemistry accessible through classroom exercises and activities designed to engage students and help them to develop an intuitive feel for scientific principles so that future quantitative study will be less intimidating to them. Currently, the Petersson Group has developed exercises based on fluorescence ...
Data Collection Notes: Data were collected and prepared for release by CSR Incorporated, Washington, DC.. To protect the privacy of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individual clients or facilities have been encrypted, collapsed, or removed from the public use files. These modifications should not affect the analytic uses of the public use files.. All participants received the standard intervention, while those assigned to the enhanced intervention received more sessions. Additional information about the study interventions can be found in the codebook.. The original study protocol allowed for a follow-up window of six months. However, these guidelines were amended and the window expanded to fifteen months or longer in order to permit assessments of migrant populations, high rates of incarceration, or other difficulties making follow-up contact. In addition, some sites opted for a three-month follow-up window. To identify the follow-up time period, users should refer to ...
Data Collection Notes: Data were collected and prepared for release by CSR Incorporated, Washington, DC.. To protect the privacy of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individual clients or facilities have been encrypted, collapsed, or removed from the public use files. These modifications should not affect the analytic uses of the public use files.. All participants received the standard intervention, while those assigned to the enhanced intervention received more sessions. Additional information about the study interventions can be found in the codebook.. The original study protocol allowed for a follow-up window of six months. However, these guidelines were amended and the window expanded to fifteen months or longer in order to permit assessments of migrant populations, high rates of incarceration, or other difficulties making follow-up contact. In addition, some sites opted for a three-month follow-up window. To identify the follow-up time period, users should refer to ...
SJH Community Partnership Fund. The SJH Community Partnership Fund was created in 1986 as a way for the St. Joseph Health to help fund outreach programs.
Noyes Health is committed to meeting the health and education needs of older adults living in our community. We also provide education, information and assistance to support caregivers in their caregiving journey.. These programs are part of our Noyes Community Outreach Services. We are able to partner and collaborate with other health and human service providers in the community to provide a variety of senior support programs, including E.A.R.S. Lifeline Medical Alert, Noyes Medication Dispensing, Fall Prevention Education, and Caregiver Resource Center services.. To learn more about these quality programs to help seniors maintain their safety and independence at home, click on the link to the left.. ...
Purpose: The National Cancer Institutes (NCI) Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities (CRCHD) has been working to strengthen community outreach capacity through Community Health Educators (CHEs) of the NCI National Outreach Network (NON). The NON CHEs, based at academic and cancer centers across the country, strengthen NCIs ability to develop and disseminate culturally appropriate, evidence-based cancer information that is tailored to the specific needs and expectations of underserved communities. Over the past five years, NON CHEs have developed, adapted, and tested community education and outreach interventions that effectively reach underserved communities to address local and regional cancer health disparity issues.. Methods: A subset of NON CHEs have focused on outreach and educational interventions to reduce disparities specifically among Latino populations at high risk of cancer or cancer survivors in community settings from inner cities to rural areas. In 2010, these CHEs, based at ...
Background - Improved discharge planning and extension of care to the general care unit for patients transferring from intensive care may prevent readmission to the intensive care unit and prolonged hospital stays. Morbidity, mortality, and costs increase in readmitted intensive care patients. Objectives - To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a critical care nursing outreach service in facilitating discharge from the intensive care unit and providing follow-up in general care areas. Methods - A before-and-after study design (with historical controls and a 6-month prospective intervention) was used to ascertain differences in clinical outcomes, length of stay, and cost/benefit. Patients admitted to intensive care units in 3 adult teaching hospitals were recruited. The service centered on follow-up visits by specialist intensive care nurses who reviewed and assessed patients who were to be or had been discharged to general care areas from the intensive care unit. Those nurses also provided ...
Community Outreach National Night Out Aeromed participates in the City of Temple Terraces National Night Out celebration annually. National Night Out serves as an opportunity to strengthen neighborhood spirit and police/first responder - community partnerships. Prom Promise
The goals of the Cancer Community Outreach at the Mount Sinai Health system are linked to identify health care needs in the surrounding communities.
In our continued effort to provide the academic and scientific community with the finest in osteological replicas, we are proud to participate in local events in schools, universities and museums in Southern California as part of community outreach.
Balamu Community Outreach: To empower communities with knowledge and skill to improve their welfare Organizational Profile and Volunteer Opportunities: ChristianVolunteering.org
Community Outreach | Exshaw: Lafarge - Lafarge, building better cities. World leader in building materials with top-ranking positions in Cement, Aggregates, Concrete.
Host site (local Habitat organization) Habitat for Humanity PhiladelphiaProgram AmeriCorps NationalMember role Community outreach coordinationHost site manager Kathy WhiteDirect supervisor Carrie Rath
Concilio, in collaboration with the Philadelphia Department of Public Health, is a key player in the education of families about vaccine preventable childhood diseases. By providing childhood immunization education and outreach services to families in the City of Philadelphia, Concilio promotes the healthy growth of children. Outreach activities are geared toward children from birth to two years of age who are immunization-delayed according to the KIDS Plus Immunization Information System. The goal of the program is to return children to a medical home to receive age-appropriate immunizations.. Concilio was honored for its 20-year partnership with the Philadelphia Immunization Program, as now the sole provider for the Department of Public Health. Since 1993, Concilios Immunizations Outreach Program has successfully brought thousands of immunization-delayed children up-to-date with their age-appropriate vaccines.. ...
Fostering nonprofit programs and collaborative relationships to improve health and wellness in the La Crescent area.. The La Crescent Area Healthy Community Partnership exists to improve the health and wellness of the community. We do this by supporting projects, providing opportunities and mobilizing resources throughout the La Crescent area that will connect people within the community and empower them to achieve health and wellness in all aspects of their lives.. ...
The CCN-COP will build on current community-focused and participatory activities and collaborative projects with NCI and institutional partners to enhance the i...
The J-Visa Research Scholar Program is for a foreign national who enters the United States for the primary purpose of conducting research, observing or consulting in connection with research projects at research institutions, corporate research facilities, museums, libraries, post-secondary accredited academic institutions, or similar types of institutions ...
The Homes and Communities Agency (HCA) helps create successful communities by making more homes and business premises available to the residents and businesses who need them. We also regulate social housing providers in England.
Housing Minister Grant Shapps and Homes and Communities Agency (HCA) Chief Executive Pat Ritchie today announced plans to transform the HCA …
DATE:  February 3rd, 2016 TIME:  10am pacific time, 1pm eastern time Instituting a laboratory outreach program achieves a multitude of benefits beyond driving optimization, test
Eboney Hearn 01 has been named the new executive director of the MIT Office of Engineering Outreach Programs. OEOPs programs have provided enriching science and engineering experiences to over 3,000 middle and high school students free of charge.
Higher Education, Emerging Technologies, and Community Partnerships: Concepts, Models and Practices: 9781609606237: Education Books
Browse 16348 Outreach Programs Manager job listings from companies with openings that are hiring now. Quickly find your next job opportunity at Simply Hired.
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Community Partnerships to Advance Research (CPAR) (R21 Clinical Trial Optional) PA-18-381. NINR
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Community Partnerships to Advance Research (CPAR) (R01 Clinical Trial Optional) PA-18-377. NINR
A twenty year NAMI member/supporter recounts the impact of NAMIs grassroots foundation and offers an insightful assessment of NAMIs community partnerships to encourage others to seek NAMI for support for mental health.
Houston, TX 77071.. ECHOS requests volunteers to staff the food pantry.. If you would enjoy this opportunity for fellowship and service, please contact Kathy at email hidden; JavaScript is required. or contact Outreach, email hidden; JavaScript is required. for more information.. ...
The chair of the RNC thought this would be a good week to do outreach to African-American voters. Her timing couldve been better.
U.S. Labor Department releases are accessible on the Internet at www.dol.gov. The information in this news release will be made available in alternate format upon request (large print, Braille, audio tape or disc) from the COAST office. Please specify which news release when placing your request. Call (202) 693-7765 or TTY (202) 693-7755. DOL is committed to providing Americas employers and employees with easy access to understandable information on how to comply with its laws and regulations. For more information, please visit www.dol.gov/compliance. ...
Pregnancy Testing (serum). Our testing can detect a pregnancy at about 7-12 days from possible conception. We can also measure the concentration of hCG hormone in your blood, which is useful information for your healthcare provider in tracking certain problems in pregnancy.. ...
Northern Lights Lodge inpatient unit offers in-depth interprofessional psychiatric assessment, treatment, and rehabilitation for a period of 6 to 12 months. Following discharge, consultative services and time-limited follow up are provided by the Community Outreach Service of the Psychiatric Rehabilitation and Recovery Program.. Admission Criteria. In addition to the above, individuals being referred must:. ...
This proposal describes our plans to establish the City College of New York/Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (1154) Partnership for Cancer Research, Train...
/PRNewswire/ -- North American Spine was featured on the CW 33 for their recent community outreach efforts. In honor of Yoga Recess Day, North American Spine...
We strive to actively promote public awareness and appreciation of science and technology, particularly the importance of measurement and the role of NPL. Here you can find out more about the interesting things we do, science outreach activities you can get involved in or take a look at some of our educational resources.. Visit Educate + Explore » ...
Preventing Chronic Disease (PCD) is a peer-reviewed electronic journal established by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. PCD provides an open exchange of information and knowledge among researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and others who strive to improve the health of the public through chronic disease prevention.
During a festive night of food and drink, members of the D22 class prepared posters and games to teach about oral healthcare in the community. With their contributions, we here at Tufts now have a collection of new and improved materials to help spread the word about dental care to the community at large. Come…
A multi-service center dedicated to providing services to trauma survivors and conducting professional training programs for mental health professionals. ...
CTS cares about the community in which we live and work in and is something CTS employees take pride in. Our corporate culture reflects our values and our goal is to make a difference by both financial support and volunteer efforts ...
November 28, 2018. Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the way a body regulates glucose, or blood sugar. Everyone needs glucose to feed the cells in their bodies, and glucose needs insulin to enter the cells. There are two different types of diabetes, though. Type 1 Diabetes is when the body doesnt produce insulin at all. Most with Type 1 Diabetes are diagnosed as children. Type 2 Diabetes is when the body doesnt use the insulin it produces properly. Its been thought of as a condition that comes as we age. Sadly, in recent years, Type 2 Diabetes has become a disease of all ages. According to the...Continue Reading ...
Appalachian Regional Healthcare System is the leading healthcare provider for residents in the High Country including Blowing Rock, Boone, Jefferson and Linville.
...Wednesday 20 July 2011 (Rome Italy) - Researchers speaking on the f... Fifteen years ago even the most optimistic members of the scientific...Researchers also highlighted the need to scale up programmes that coul... While these may be scientifically exciting times we just cannot affor...,,Researchers,present,new,trends,in,HIV,cure,research,,call,for,proactive,outreach,programs,to,prevent,HIV,transmission,in,injecting,drug,users,,and,demand,increased,commitments,to,improving,maternal,and,child,health,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
To dispel fears of cancer treatment and encourage compliance with recommended therapies, the study investigators have implemented a community outreach program at their institution. The program includes a nurse practitioner and a social worker who carefully follow all patients during and after their cancer treatments. The high rate of refusal for important life saving therapies that we identified needs further study after implementation of our planned initiatives, so all women are offered and will receive appropriate care based on stage of diagnosis, the authors wrote ...
Learn more about Adobe University Outreach Pgrogram that provides innumerable benefits to the technical communication students from leading institutes
Babywearing International is a non-profit educational organization dedicated to promoting babywearing as a universally accepted practice, with benefits for both child and caregiver. We provide education and support to parents, caregivers, and educators through our outreach activities. At the heart of BWI is our network of chapters run by Volunteer Babywearing Educators serving their local communities.. We invite you to explore our educational resources, find a BWI meeting near you, or join in the online discussion with other babywearing enthusiasts at TheBabyWearer.com.. ...
A. Background. EAR has long supported facilities to provide geodetic, seismic, and related geophysical facility capabilities to the scientific community. In the mid-1980s, EAR began supporting core seismic facility capabilities built, operated, and currently maintained by the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS; http://www.iris.edu) and core geodetic facility capabilities built, operated, and currently maintained by UNAVCO (http://www.unavco.org). These core facilities comprised global and regional networks of continuously-operating geodetic and seismic instruments; pools of portable instruments available for a wide range of PI-driven studies largely funded via the NSF merit review process; data collection, quality assurance, archiving, curation, and distribution systems that provide free and open access to high-quality geophysical data products; and education and outreach activities that enable broad audiences to access and use geophysical data and research results for ...
The Fields Institute will be hosting a summer research program for undergraduates to be held during the summer of 2012 at Fields in downtown Toronto. The program will support up to thirty students to take part in research programs supervised by leading researchers from the Fields sponsoring universities ...
Introduction. Community involvement is one of the crucial principles in the implementation of community-based education (CBE) programmes, if they are to achieve what they set out to achieve (Calleson, Seifer & Maurana 2002:79). Community involvement in CBE should be seen as an active process in which the community makes investments in terms of ideas, experience and skills, and takes risks (Williams et al. 1999:730). The role of partners should be to make joint decisions in determining mechanisms for action (Wojtczak 2002:5). The community is commonly viewed as a geographically-designated setting with a specific group of people. In this article, the community refers to a clinical setting that is used as a non-traditional clinical learning site for community-based learning experiences (Carter et al. 2005:168), and it includes both the study participants and non-participants who are sharing resources. This setting offers students an opportunity to learn about socio-economic, political and ...
Find out more about visiting hours and facilities at King Faisal Specialized Hospital and Research Centre, and how to get the information about hospital services.
This is the accessible text file for GAO report number GAO-07-1132t entitled 2010 Census: Diversity in Human Capotal, Outreach Efforts Can Benefit the 2010 Census which was released on July 26, 2007. This text file was formatted by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) to be accessible to users with visual impairments, as part of a longer term project to improve GAO products accessibility. Every attempt has been made to maintain the structural and data integrity of the original printed product. Accessibility features, such as text descriptions of tables, consecutively numbered footnotes placed at the end of the file, and the text of agency comment letters, are provided but may not exactly duplicate the presentation or format of the printed version. The portable document format (PDF) file is an exact electronic replica of the printed version. We welcome your feedback. Please E-mail your comments regarding the contents or accessibility features of this document to [email protected] ...
Agency Community RolesThe PDPH Immunization Program is responsible for CBO Program planning, management, case assignment, and evaluation. PDPH has a contractual relationship with two large Philadelphia community-based health and human service organizations that conduct the community outreach and education for children, their parents, and community members in the zip codes and/or census tracts assigned by PDPH. The community organizations are recognized as leaders in their respective communities and reflect the cultural diversity of the communities they serve. Each organization is staffed with one program coordinator, one administrative assistant, and numerous outreach workers. The community outreach workers are responsible for contacting providers, parents, and guardians through phone, fax, letters, and home visits to determine the childs immunization status. The outreach workers review immunization histories and ensure the complete history is captured in the KIDS Immunization Registry. In ...
REX Wellness Centers offers on-site screenings and educational programs to encourage healthy lifestyles among your employees. Call 919-784-1375 to schedule.
Last summer, Emory took yet another step forward in broadening community access to its medical services with the opening of Emory Hospitals new Emergency Department. Alan Otsuki, former director of Emergency Medicine at the Hospital, oversaw the year-long conversion of the Hospital Treatment Room into a full-fledged Emergency Department, a process that included a $750,000 renovation of a 6,660-square-foot space. Otsuki said the decision to convert the Treatment Room into an Emergency Department was made to enhance Emorys service to the community, and to provide greater access to the Emory health system ...
When high schools reach out to families, are parents more likely to support their teenagers as learners? This research examines whether high school outreach programs can help sustain family partnerships that tend to decline as students transition from middle to high school. Predictors of parental involvement in various partnership activities at the high school level are examined. Analyses indicated significant relationships among several school outreach activities and a variety of parent involvement measures. Results indicated that high school outreach programs significantly and positively predicted parent involvement in a variety of learning-at-home, parenting, and volunteering activities, regardless of the students background and achievement. School contacts concerning postsecondary planning, as well as other outreach measures, had a positive influence on parents reports of college-planning discussions. Analyses also showed that school outreach to parents regarding how to assist students ...
This study will fill a critical gap in our knowledge about consent for brain donation and will inform the development of culturally-specific community outreach interventions to increase understanding and receptivity to participate in Alzheimers disease research programs, including assent to brain autopsy.
Southern California is a densely populated urban area with serious air pollution. The region is also home to the largest port complex in the U.S., with related highways, rail yards, and warehouses that contributing more than ¼ of the regions diesel particulate pollution.. Research results from the Childrens Environmental Health Center (CEHC) based at Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California (USC), have shown that children who live close to busy roads and freeways are more likely to have reduced lung function and asthma. As a core of the CEHC, the Community Outreach and Translation Core (COTC) was developed to facilitate community partnerships and relationships with the public. The COTC serves as a bridge between the Centers researchers (who are at both USC and UCLA) and members of the community, including elected officials and decision-makers.. To facilitate both the Centers Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) project and the COTCs outreach efforts, formal ...
The faculty has a number of outreach programmes where students have an opportunity to provide services in the community after hours. This is in addition to the two-week rotation that some students spend on the Phelophepa health train. The outreach to Scottsdene takes place every Tuesday and Thursday evening during term time. This evening clinic provides an extraction service to this community using the mobile clinic.. Weekend outreaches have been scheduled to take place three times per year. These are planned for rural communities who do not have access to a dental service in their town, and are not so far away from the faculty that they are difficult to get to. We have been to Vredenburg and Piketberg three times and are now going to Tulbagh (September 2012). Comprehensive treatment is provided to up to 250 patients per weekend, using the fully equipped mobile clinic as well as portable chairs.. Day outreaches also take place and we have been to DuNoon and Klipheuvel for a Saturday. The DuNoon ...
Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC) is a national trade association that advances and defends the principles of the merit shop in the construction industry, representing merit shop contractors, subcontractors, material suppliers and related firms in the United States.
Rural Health Education: A Community Partnership. Partners. Mercy Medical Center - Mount Shasta Fairchild Medical Center - Yreka College of the Siskiyous. Square Miles (including water). Siskiyou County. Rural Health Science Institute (RHSI). Located in Yreka $8.8 Million Slideshow 64166 by Angelica
Cleveland, OH (PRWEB) February 18, 2011 -- When you think of Planned Parenthood, you might think of planning for parenthood. However, you also should think of
Introduction. Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common eye cancer in children. Early detection is necessary for cure. Objective. To compare stage and outcome of children with RB treated at Kalafong Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa (SA), during two time periods (1993 - 2000 and 2001 - 2008, after outreach interventions in 2000 and introduction of compulsory community service for doctors in 1998). Methods. Data collected included demography (age, gender, date of birth), stage and treatment received. The main outcome measure was disease-free survival and the study end-point was 60 months after diagnosis. Results. There were 51 patients during the time period 1993 - 2000 (group 1) and 73 during 2001 - 2008 (group 2), with median ages of 32 and 26 months, respectively (marginally significantly younger in group 2; p=0.046). In group 1, the majority (57%) presented with advanced disease (stages III and IV), with a decline in this proportion in group 2 (40%) indicating a downward but not significant trend (p=0
Overview... 1 What is the Outreach Program?... 1 Concepts... 2 Objectives... 3 Arizona Science Standards... 3 College and Career Ready ELA Standards... 4 Next Generation Science Standards... 4 Learning
A community partnership comprising patients, researchers, and providers of services to pregnant and postpartum women facing the challenges of opiate use disorder aims to develop a research proposal and to obtain funding to compare the benefits and risks of two different evidence-based home visitation programs on maternal and infant outcomes. These programs provide services to women and their infants, to promote a healthy pregnancy, support positive child development, and enhance maternal health and well-being.
The study is a prospective cohort study in which 150 newly enrolled HIV-infected participants of CitiWide Harm Reduction are followed for 18 months to assess HIV-related health outcomes. Data elements include (1)face-to-face interviews focusing on housing, HIV disease severity, utilization of health care services, utilization of non-medical services, substance use, mental health, and quality of life; (2) medical chart information focusing on CD4 count, viral load, and HIV primary care visits; and (3) outreach services. We hypothesize that involvement with CitiWide Harm Reduction will improve HIV-related health care utilization and outcomes ...
The study is a prospective cohort study in which 150 newly enrolled HIV-infected participants of CitiWide Harm Reduction are followed for 18 months to assess HIV-related health outcomes. Data elements include (1)face-to-face interviews focusing on housing, HIV disease severity, utilization of health care services, utilization of non-medical services, substance use, mental health, and quality of life; (2) medical chart information focusing on CD4 count, viral load, and HIV primary care visits; and (3) outreach services. We hypothesize that involvement with CitiWide Harm Reduction will improve HIV-related health care utilization and outcomes ...
By their nature, first episode programs involve a number of challenging methodological issues that differ from traditional programming. First, these programs must identify individuals who may not be known to the specialty behavioral health system and then engage them in a program of care and support. Understanding the effectiveness of the program in meeting the needs of these unidentified individuals requires estimates of the incidence of first episode events. These estimates must be derived from the epidemiological literature based on the characteristics of the population in the service area. Second public education and outreach efforts must be launched targeting the various venues where individuals are likely to be seen. These include parents, educators, police officers, hospitals and primary care settings among others. Monitoring the effectiveness of these outreach efforts and better targeting educational materials involves ongoing monitoring of the referral network. Engaging young adults ...
Japan still has the highest ratio of beds devoted to psychiatric patients in the world. In 2011, in order to reduce re-hospitalization of patients who became disconnected from regular contact with outpatient medical services, the Japanese Ministry established the Japanese Outreach Model Project (JOMP). In this study, we will explicate the JOMP project protocol and investigate the rate and length of hospital admission, impairments of social function and problematic behavior at the follow-up period (6- and 12-month) and time of services provided by JOMP. This longitudinal retrospective study used survey data collected from 32 outreach teams of 21 prefectures in Japan during September 2011 to July 2013. The outcome variables were assessed at baseline, 6-month and 12-month as to whether or not participants had been admitted to the hospital. Data from 162 participants with mental illness who had difficulties in maintaining contact with mental health services were analyzed. Repeated measures analysis of
The program was authorized to develop and implement outreach strategies targeted at, and provide victim services to, adult and youth victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking in underserved populations. Grant funds are used to provide enhanced services to underserved populations; build the capacity of both mainstream organizations and organizations serving underserved populations to provide culturally appropriate and inclusive services; and to increase training and outreach activities targeted at organizations providing services to underserved populations.. ...
Waco ISDs history of serving students in transition was recently recognized by the Federal Government as we proudly accepted the TEXSHEP grant. This grants allows local educational agencies to implement educational and support services for children and youth in homeless situations. We are entrusted with the task of helping our students who are experiencing homelessness. This help is offered in a variety of ways. We hope that this website will help you to understand the services we offer in accordance with the McKinney-Vento Act and the State of Texas. We also hope that you will share this information with others you know so that together we can build a strong foundation for our students. ...
Rangimāries mahi spans evaluation, community engagement, policy and outdoor pursuits to name a few. Rangimārie was brought up under the guardianship of Araiteuru taniwha on the shores of the Hokianga Harbour. Her deep relationship to Aotearoas peoples and places informs her mahi as a social innovator. She is a founding member of the Ngā Aho Tikanga Māori co-design network. Crystal Pekepo (Ngāti Vara, Ngāti Kahungunu) ...
The Sanction Outreach Programn. The Sanction Outreach Program alerts individuals when they are in danger of being sanctioned by welfare for failure to adhere to welfare requirements, such as attending daily classes. If they cannot begin adhering to these requirements for legitimate reasons (for example, because they have a job or another pressing family commitment), there a number of services readily available to help those in need. PROCEED works to connect individuals to these services through intensive outreach activities and a well-developed referral network.. ...
Send regulatory and educational mail outs to producers, applicators, apartments, churches, public and private schools, rental car companies, large hardware stores, large food chains, large retailers, management companies, etc ...
More businesses are exploring the social media space, a self-described social media addict told a crowd of more than 100 at Tuesday nights Hispanic Business Expo, but its far too common for this critical area to be delegated to an intern or lower-level employee.