A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production with the professed aim of establishing a classless society.
A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)

The influence of geopolitical change on the well-being of a population: the Berlin Wall. (1/27)

OBJECTIVES: Social cohesion is recognized as a fundamental condition for healthy populations, but social cohesion itself arises from political unity. The history of the Berlin Wall provides a unique opportunity to examine the effects of partition on social cohesion and, by inference, on health. METHODS: This ethnographic study consisted of examination of the territory formerly occupied by the Wall, formal and informal interviews with Berlin residents, and collection of cultural documents related to the Wall. Transcripts, field notes, and documents were examined by means of a keyword-in-context analysis. RESULTS: The separation of Berlin into 2 parts was a traumatic experience for the city's residents. After partition, East and West Germany had divergent social, cultural, and political experiences and gradually grew apart. CONCLUSIONS: The demolition of the Wall--the symbol and the instrument of partition--makes possible but does not ensure the reintegration of 2 populations that were separated for 40 years. The evolution of a new common culture might be accelerated by active attempts at cultural and social exchange.  (+info)

Occupational health and safety from communist to capitalist structures. (2/27)

This article focuses on individual effects of the transformation from communist to capitalist structures in the system of occupational health and safety (OHS). Despite basic similarities among the communist nations the systems of OHS differed immensely. The political changes during transformation additionally contributed to varying opportunities for the development of OHS systems. Changes affecting the living and working conditions are significant and are demonstrated by the development of new work structures and work biographies. This is reflected in changed attitudes to demands and contents of work. No differences, however, were found between the employed and unemployed when asked about these issues. Conclusions for OHS in postcommunist states are drawn.  (+info)

Bulgarian population in transitional period. (3/27)

In the transition period from a communist to market-oriented economy, Bulgaria faces several public health challenges. One of them is the decline in population (estimated fall from current 8.25 million to around 6 million in 2045), mainly due to emigration and pronounced fall in fertility. Infant mortality is still relatively high (over 15/1,000 live births), and the incidence of tuberculosis is on the rise. Total mortality shows a steady upward trend from 12.1/1,000 in 1990 to 14.3/1,000 in 1998. Trends in ischemic heart disease are comparable to those in other Central and Eastern European countries, but stroke mortality is notably higher. This calls for detailed epidemiological studies of risk factors, such as salt consumption, as well as preventive programs for detection and control of high blood pressure. The problems of smoking and alcohol abuse should be addressed by a coordinated public health and legal measures.  (+info)

Application of social science theories to family planning health education in the People's Republic of China. (4/27)

The transformation of the Chinese society was political and economic by revolution; it was also social and cultural through mass education. Group decisions have been used to induce social change in the Chinese society and applied extensively to the family planning program. The methods which Kurt Lewin developed to change food habits, have been perfected on a grand scale of myriad ways by the Chinese.  (+info)

Screening for phenylketonuria in a totalitarian state. (5/27)

Living under a totalitarian regime has many effects on the structure, way of thinking, and relations in a society. However, it is the impact on neonatal genetic screening that we discuss in this paper. Genetic screening functions at the interface between health services and society at large. Being involved for over a decade in setting up the Bulgarian PKU screening programme, we have had to deal with ways and attitudes which may be difficult for the western mind to grasp. Yet comprehension is very much needed in the new world we are trying to create.  (+info)

Management of Gaucher disease in a post-communist transitional health care system: Croatian experience. (6/27)

AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of financing the treatment of Gaucher disease with recombinant human imiglucerase in the Croatian health care system. METHODS: Treatment with enzyme replacement therapy of 5 patients with Gaucher disease was started on January 2001. In 4 patients the typical signs of Gaucher disease (organomegaly, bone changes, anemia, and thrombocytopenia) were documented at the time of diagnosis. One patient received bone marrow stem cell transplant as treatment for acute myeloid leukemia from a HLA-matching sibling with Gaucher disease. All patients underwent therapy with imiglucerase (Cerezyme) infusion every 14 days. The outcome and actual cost of the treatment were followed during 12 months. RESULTS: After 3 months of therapy, hemoglobin rose above low normal range in 2 patients. After 6 months, 3 patients had platelet count above 100x10(9)/L, and bone pain crises completely disappeared in patients with severe bone involvement. After 12 months, normal blood counts were restored in all patients. At the same time point, bone destruction remained unchanged in 3 patients and showed marked improvement in one. In agreement with the Ministry of Health, the Croatian Institute for Health Insurance restructured its funds and established a special "Fund for expensive drugs." This fund covers the treatment costs for patients with Gaucher disease (approximately 150,000 per patient per year) as well as the cost of treatment for patients with Fabry disease, AIDS, adenosine deaminase deficiency, multiple sclerosis, chronic myeloid leukemia, juvenile arthritis, and ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION: Collaboration of the institutions in a post-communist transition health care system can provide an effective model for financing expensive treatment for patients with rare diseases in a resource-poor health system.  (+info)

Czechoslovakia's changing health care system. (7/27)

Before World War II, Czechoslovakia was among the most developed European countries with an excellent health care system. After the Communist coup d'etat in 1948, the country was forced to adapt its existing health care system to the Soviet model. It was planned and managed by the government, financed by general tax money, operated in a highly centralized, bureaucratic fashion, and provided service at no direct charge at the time of service. In recent years, the health care system had been deteriorating as the health of the people had also been declining. Life expectancy, infant mortality rates, and diseases of the circulatory system are higher than in Western European countries. In 1989, political changes occurred in Czechoslovakia that made health care reform possible. Now health services are being decentralized, and the ownership of hospitals is expected to be transferred to communities, municipalities, churches, charitable groups, or private entities. Almost all health leaders, including hospital directors and hospital department heads, have been replaced. Physicians will be paid according to the type and amount of work performed. Perhaps the most important reform is the establishment of an independent General Health Care Insurance Office financed directly by compulsory contributions from workers, employers, and government that will be able to negotiate with hospitals and physicians to determine payment for services.  (+info)

The medical libraries of Vietnam--a service in transition. (8/27)

The medical libraries of Vietnam maintain high profiles within their institutions and are recognized by health care professionals and administrators as an important part of the health care system. Despite the multitude of problems in providing even a minimal level of medical library services, librarians, clinicians, and researchers nevertheless are determined that enhanced services be made available. Currently, services can be described as basic and unsophisticated, yet viable and surprisingly well organized. The lack of hard western currency required to buy materials and the lack of library technology will be major obstacles to improving information services. Vietnam, like many developing nations, is about to enter a period of technological upheaval, which ultimately will result in a transition from the traditional library limited by walls to a national resource that will rely increasingly on electronic access to international knowledge networks. Technology such as CD-ROM, Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), and satellite telecommunication networks such as Internet can provide the technical backbone to provide access to remote and widely distributed electronic databases to support the information needs of the health care community. Over the long term, access to such databases likely will be cost-effective, in contrast to the assuredly astronomical cost of building a comparable domestic print collection. The advent of new, low-cost electronic technologies probably will revolutionize health care information services in developing nations. However, for the immediate future, the medical libraries of Vietnam will require ongoing sustained support from the international community, so that minimal levels of resources will be available to support the information needs of the health care community. It is remarkable, and a credit to the determination of Vietnam's librarians that, in a country with a legacy of war, economic deprivation, and international isolation, they have somehow managed to provide a sound basic level of information services for health care professionals.  (+info)

Communism is a political and economic ideology that advocates for a classless, stateless society in which all property and resources are owned in common and shared equally. In a communist system, the means of production, such as factories and land, are owned and controlled by the community as a whole, rather than by private individuals or corporations.

In medical terms, communism itself is not a disease or condition, but like any political ideology, it can have implications for healthcare policy and access to care. For example, in some communist countries, the government may provide universal healthcare coverage to all citizens, while in others, healthcare may be less accessible due to economic constraints or other factors.

It's important to note that the implementation of communism varies widely depending on the specific historical and cultural context, and there is no one "medical definition" of communism that applies universally.

Capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit in a competitive market. The main features of capitalism include private property rights, voluntary exchange, competition, and the price mechanism.

In a capitalist economy, individuals and businesses are free to produce and sell goods and services according to their own interests and abilities, and consumers are free to buy what they want as long as they have the means to pay for it. Prices are determined by supply and demand, and competition among producers helps ensure that resources are allocated efficiently and that innovation is encouraged.

Capitalism has been widely adopted around the world because of its ability to generate wealth and promote economic growth. However, it can also lead to income inequality, market failures, and other social problems if left unchecked. Therefore, many capitalist economies have regulations and safety nets in place to mitigate these risks and ensure that the benefits of capitalism are shared more broadly.

... portal Commons-based peer production Communism by country Criticism of Marxism Crypto-communism List of communist ... modern communism, and has influenced all modern forms of communism. Such communisms, especially new religious or utopian forms ... stating that communism exists since millennia, while Communism (used in reference to Leninist and Marxist-Leninist communism as ... including anarchist communism, Marxist schools of thought, and religious communism, among others. Communism encompasses a ...
Izbrannye trudy (Moscow, 1998). Mace, J., Communism and the dilemmas of national liberation : national communism in Soviet ... Kiernan, Ben (2017). "Cambodia: Detonator of Communism's Implosion". The Cambridge History of Communism. doi:10.1017/ ... Left-wing nationalism Socialist patriotism World communism "National Communism". Encyclopedia Britannica. Skilling, H. Gordon ( ... "national communism" in his New Class (1957), where he wrote: "No single form of communism ... exists in any other way than as ...
The Rise and Fall of Communism (2009) Fürst, Juliane, Silvio Pons and Mark Selden, eds. The Cambridge History of Communism ( ... A Dictionary of 20th-Century Communism (2010). Priestland, David. The Red Flag: A History of Communism (Grove, 2009). Service, ... A History of Communism (Grove, 2009) pp 346-353. Robert Service, Comrades: A World History of Communism (2007) pp. 459-460, ... Post-communism is the period of political and economic transformation or transition in former communist states located in ...
"Primitive communism versus integral communism - Antagonism". libcom.org. 6 July 2009. Archived from the original on 28 November ... Arnold Petersen has used the existence of primitive communism to argue against the idea that communism goes against human ... "primitive communism" may be replaced by terms such as Pre-Marxist communism. Alain Testart and others have said that ... "communism" to describe these societies has been questioned when put in comparison with a future post-industrial communism, ...
Communism and Judaism This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Judeo-communism. If an internal link ... Judeo-communism may refer to two antisemitic canards: Jewish Bolshevism (Russia) Żydokomuna (Poland) Marxism and religion § ...
... , or the communist left, is a position held by the left wing of communism, which criticises the political ideas ... Communism portal Marxism Orthodox Marxism Autonomism Authoritarian socialism Council communism Left-wing politics Left ... Left communism, Communism, Anti-Stalinist left, Marxist schools of thought, Types of socialism). ... Left communism first came into focus as a distinct movement around 1918. Its essential features were a stress on the need to ...
... (or cryptocommunism) is a secret support for, or admiration of, communism. Individuals and groups have been ... Crypto-communism among political leaders aided the sovietization of the Baltic states. In 1947, Winston Churchill described a ... The Black Book of Communism referred to some individuals as crypto-communist, namely Damyan Velchev and Ludvík Svoboda. ... The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression. Harvard University Press. p. 398. ISBN 978-0-674-07608-2. v t e (CS1 ...
... is the debut album by American punk rock band Downtown Boys, released on Don Giovanni Records in 2015. "Wave of ... "Full Communism - Downtown Boys". AllMusic. Retrieved April 22, 2020. "7 Great Albums That May Have Passed You By This Week". ... Moreland, Quinn (May 5, 2015). "Downtown Boys: Full Communism Review". Paste. Retrieved May 11, 2015. Minsker, Evan (May 8, ... Eisenberg, Adam (May 5, 2015). "Downtown Boys - Full Communism". Punknews.org. Retrieved May 11, 2015. Sahim, Sarah (May 18, ...
Marx, Engels, Lenin on scientific communism. Progress Publishers. 1976. Scientific Communism: A Textbook. 1983. (Articles with ... as well as the development of socialism and construction of communism. Passing exams in scientific communism was a necessary ... The term "scientific communism" has been already used by Marx, Engels, Lenin, and other early communists; however it was used ... The subject "scientific communism" as a separate discipline was introduced into the Soviet education system in 1963, following ...
Communism portal War communism "The happiest barrack" "Казарменный коммунизм". Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Graeme ... Barracks communism (German: Kasernenkommunismus) is the term coined by Karl Marx to refer to a crude, authoritarian, forced ... What a beautiful model of barrack-room communism! Here you have it all: communal eating, communal sleeping, assessors and ... collectivism and communism where all aspects of life are bureaucratically regimented and communal. Marx used the expression to ...
... is a theological view that the teachings of Jesus compel Christians to support religious communism. ... The view is that communism was just Christianity in practice and Jesus was the first communist. Christian communism was based ... Lansford, Tom (2007). "History of Communism". Communism. Political Systems of the World. Marshall Cavendish. pp. 24-25. ISBN ... "Communism in society is a classless society. Along with this goes a strong attempt to eliminate racial prejudice. Communism ...
... , Anti-Stalinist left, Communism, Far-left politics, Left communism). ... By the early 1930s, council communism as a large-scale movement had come to an end. According to John Gerber, council communism ... Mattick, Paul (1978) [May 1939]. "Chapter V: Council Communism". Anti-Bolshevik Communism. Merlin Press. pp. 248-253 - via ... refer to the tendency as the Dutch-German form of left communism during this period and date the advent of council communism to ...
Glyn-Williams released a book on Hermeneutic Communism published by Springer Verlag, Making Communism Hermeneutic: Reading ... Hermeneutic Communism can be considered a radical development of both." In 2004, after leaving the party of the Democrats of ... Hermeneutic Communism: From Heidegger to Marx Columbia University Press. 2011. Pg. VII Gianni Vattimo. Ecce comu. Come si ri- ... Hermeneutic Communism: from Heidegger to Marx is a 2011 book of political philosophy and Marxist hermeneutics by Gianni Vattimo ...
Communism may also refer to: Anarcho-communism (also referred to as anarchist communism, communist anarchism, free communism, ... Look up Communism or communism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Communism is a political ideology and movement with the ... and libertarian communism), a far-left political ideology that believes in a society of no currency, no hierarchies, and no ... often confused with communism Kommunist, Soviet magazine Kommunizm, a village in Tajikistan Kommunizm (band), a Russian avant- ...
... , also known as global communism, is the hypothetical ultimate form of communism which of necessity has a ... history of communism would likewise be replaced by world communism. Theoreticians differ on whether world communism may be ... Communist nostalgia Dissolution of the Soviet Union Fall of communism in Albania History of communism § Contemporary communism ... A Dictionary of 20th-Century Communism (2010). Priestland, David (2010). The Red Flag: Communism and the Making of the Modern ...
... , also known as anarcho-communism, communist anarchism, or libertarian communism. is a political philosophy ... Kinna, Ruth (December 2012). "Anarchism, Individualism and Communism: William Morris's Critique of Anarcho-communism". In ... "communism is the final fulfillment of individualism [...] The apparent contradiction between individualism and communism rests ... Anarcho-communism, Anarchist schools of thought, Anti-capitalism, Anti-fascism, Communism, Criticism of intellectual property, ...
... or military communism (Russian: Военный коммунизм, Vojenný kommunizm) was the economic and political system that ... was in large part triggered by Vladimir Lenin's war communism policies, especially food requisitioning. War communism included ... This view was also held by Bukharin, who said that "We conceived War Communism as the universal, so to say 'normal' form of the ... War communism began in June 1918, enforced by the Supreme Economic Council (Russian: Высший Совет Народного Хозяйства), known ...
... (Hungarian: gulyáskommunizmus), also known as refrigerator communism (Hungarian: fridzsiderkommunizmus), ... Goulash Communism showed a far greater concern for public opinion and an increased focus on the present well-being of the ... One main reason why Hungary could not keep Goulash Communism into the 1980s was the reliance on these foreign revenues. In the ... Barracks communism Khrushchev Thaw Market socialism Polish October Titoism General Eastern Bloc economies History of Hungary ...
... can refer to: Hebrew Communists, a short-lived political party in Mandate Palestine and Israel Jewish ... Bolshevism, a conspiracy theory that regards communism as a Jewish plot Jewish left, Jews with left-wing political views ... of the Jewish Bolshevism conspiracy theory This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Jewish Communism. ...
Christian communism is an early form of socialism and pre-Marxist communism based on Christianity. It is a theological and ... Religious communism is a form of communism that incorporates religious principles. Scholars have used the term to describe a ... Communism portal Religion portal Acts 4 Anarchism and religion Buddhist socialism Christian anarchism Christian communism ... Donald Drew Egbert and Stow Persons argued that "[c]hronologically, religious communism tended to precede secular [communism ...
Global Museum on communism. Museum of communism. Russians In Support of the Idea of International Condemnation of communism. An ... Harvey A. Levenstein, Communism, anti-communism, and the CIO (1981). Markku Ruotsila, British and American Anti-communism ... The Victims of communism Memorial Foundation. Victims of communism history. Victims of communism research. Ghodsee, Kristen R ... It will block communism, as long as it stays strong, there will not be communism in Turkey." During and after Euromaidan, ...
India portal Politics portal Communism portal Socialism portal Organized Labour portal Communist movements in India Communism ... Communism in India has existed as a social or political ideology as well as a political movement since at least as early as the ... A first counter-move was the issuing of a fatwa, urging Muslims to reject communism. The Home Department established a special ... "About Communism Party of India (Marxist)". Archived from the original on 28 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014. " ...
... : a study in political adaptation Frontline Communism in Kerala In Defence of Rights of Minorities Foreign ... Socialism in India History of Kerala Communism List of communist parties in India Gould, Michael Austin (1965). Communism in ... The communism of Kerala has provided Indian communist stalwarts such as M. N. Govindan Nair, C. Achutha Menon, K. Damodaran, T ... Le Monde described the CPI as "mix[ing] tropical communism with religion to appeal to the Hindu electorate". One of the major ...
... may refer to: Criticism of communist party rule, which is criticism of the practical policies ... identified with the word communism This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Criticism of communism. If ...
... is a social and political movement aimed to reject the socioeconomic, liberal capitalist order and to ... Communism in Quebec, Political history of Canada). ...
In the Western world, the majority of the supporters of Communism also support abortion on request. The Communist Party USA ... "Albanian Women Remember Fear of Abortion During Communism". Balkaninsight.com. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2018. "Data ...
However, in January 2021, the WPK reasserted its commitment to communism. Korea portal Communism portal Anarchism in Korea Kim ... References to Communism were removed in the North Korean 1992 and 1998 constitutional revisions to make way for the personality ... 1980). North Korean Communism: A Comparative Analysis. Seoul: Research Center for Peace and Unification. OCLC 923146487. Dae- ... In South Korea, the National Security Law has been used to criminalize advocacy of communism and groups suspected of alignment ...
Communism has been a part of French politics since the early 20th century at the latest. It has been described as "an enduring ... 5-7. David Priestland (2010) The Red Flag: Communism and the Making of the Modern World. Penguin. pp. 18-19. Service (2007:16- ... David Priestland (2010). The Red Flag: Communism and the Making of the Modern World. Penguin. pp. ... "Rural Communism in France, 1920-1939". Department of History. "French Communist Party , political party, France". Encyclopedia ...
... is a bi-annual peer-reviewed academic journal for "an international forum for the latest research" ... American Communist History journal (US) Communisme journal (France) "About Twentieth Century Communism". Lawrence & Wishart. ...
A Documentary History of Communism: Communism and the World (1985) Gruber, Helmut. International Communism in the Era of Lenin ... Communism: A History (2003) Pons, Silvio and Robert Service, eds. A Dictionary of 20th-Century Communism (Princeton University ... A history of world communism (1975) online Furet, François. The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth ... Major, Patrick (1997). The Death of the KPD: Communism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956. Oxford University Press. ...
Communism portal Commons-based peer production Communism by country Criticism of Marxism Crypto-communism List of communist ... modern communism, and has influenced all modern forms of communism. Such communisms, especially new religious or utopian forms ... stating that communism exists since millennia, while Communism (used in reference to Leninist and Marxist-Leninist communism as ... including anarchist communism, Marxist schools of thought, and religious communism, among others. Communism encompasses a ...
A Documentary History of Communism: Communism and the World (1985). *Gruber, Helmut. International Communism in the Era of ... Further information: Pre-Marxist communism, Primitive communism, and Religious communism. The 1st century BC Roman philosopher ... Further information: Anarcho-communism, Left communism, and Libertarian Marxism. Anarcho-communism is a political philosophy ... A history of world communism (1975) online *Furet, François. The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth ...
Communism Communist Communist Logo Hammer Hammer Sickle and Star Hammer and Sickle Sickle Sickle and Hammer Safe for Work?. Yes ... Communism. by Jayabharat - uploaded on October 22, 2013, 2:51 pm Communist Logo: Sickle and Hammer with a star like in ...
Communism, Solidarity, Warsaw Pact: The postwar Polish republic, renamed in 1952 the Polish Peoples Republic, occupied an area ... The opponents of communism ranged from those who opposed the system as contrary to liberty and democracy to those who saw it as ... Hence, the period of reform known as "Polish October" did not prove to be the beginning of an evolution of communism that ... Transitioning from communism. Detaching the satellite (populist and democratic) parties from the PUWP, Wałęsa negotiated a ...
Tag: communism. Millennials shift Democrats even farther to the left. by Washington Times , May 16, 2018 6:50 am , Fresh Ink , ...
... socialism and communism are different in key ways. ... Socialism and Communism in Practice. Led by Vladimir Lenin, the ... Karl Marx and the Origins of Communism. Karl Marx, a German philosopher and economist, is considered the father of Communism. ... Communism existed in the Soviet Union until its fall in 1991. Today, communism and socialism exist in China, Cuba, North Korea ... Key Differences Between Communism and Socialism. Under communism, there is no such thing as private property. All property is ...
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Communism is a type of government that relies on collectivization of labor and good to equal out the classes. Learn about the ... Communism is one proposed solution to these problems.. Most people know what communism is at its most basic level. Simply put, ... Communism is sometimes known as Marxism, though there are differences. You might say that Marxism is the theory and communism ... Symbols of Communism. The main ideal of communism is expressed through the symbols chosen to represent the movement. The hammer ...
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... Thursday 17 June 2021 2.00pm to 3.00pm Hosted by the Department of ... the fear of Communism prevalent across continents during the interwar period. Marshalling an array of archival sources, ...
Full communism and the. Full communism and the glorious future of techno-communism were both discussed part of that period ... I wish to posit a controversial stance on FULL COMMUNISM as a hashtag community: FULL COMMUNISM operates as a memetic non- ... FULL COMMUNISM- I wouldnt get out of bed for anything less. Its a joke, a dumb joke. Its a communist meme. Like all good ... For Marx, Full Communism enables a man "to hunt in the morning, fish in the afternoon, rear cattle in the evening, criticise ...
Afterlives of Chinese Communism comprises essays from over fifty world-renowned scholars in the China field, from various ... Afterlives of Chinese Communism:Political Concepts from Mao to Xi. Edited by Christian Sorace ... Afterlives of Chinese Communism comprises essays from over fifty world-renowned scholars in the China field, from various ... The authors respond to the legacy of Maoism from numerous perspectives to consider what lessons Chinese communism can offer ...
We Dont Need More Austerity: We Need Luxury Communism. A paradise for everyone is within our grasp. ...
Unable to walk from the pounds she put on after the fall of communism in 1989, she cannot stop buying food. Most of her pension ... Remembering Food Rationing Under Communism. People stand in line for cooking oil in Bucharest, in communist Romania, 1986. ( ... Ive always cautioned my Che Guevara T-shirt-wearing students who express their love for communism: Be careful what you wish ... Unless they had a severe hormonal illness, Romanians were very thin and even gaunt under communism. Westerners joked that women ...
As such, it harks back to a time before communism became associated with the word party, still less state. Communism not as ... COMMUNISM, not communism, OMNIA SUNT COMMUNIA not omnia sunt communia. ... In simple white type on black, one side simply read communism. On the reverse, omnia sunt communia. Not being versed in ... In simple white type on black, one side simply read communism. On the reverse, omnia sunt communia. Not being versed in ...
The Polish philosopher Leszek Kolakowski offered a profound refutation of Marxism/Communism. Essayist and cultural critic Roger ... Why Communism Didnt Work Articles. About the Author. Dr. R. Albert Mohler Jr.. Dr. Mohler is a theologian and ordained ...
Communism in 60 seconds. Communism is a political and economic ideology that stands in contrast to capitalisms "emphasis on ... Communism explained in 60 seconds: ideas that changed the world. How a radical new ideology revolutionised both politics and ... Communism first took shape as a political ideology in 1848, when German academics Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published "The ... Communism is often confused or conflated with socialism. Although the two ideologies share the goal of a classless society, ...
"I first read The Romance of American Communism in the early eighties, and it has been for many years the book I would rescue if ... Besides being wonderful, The Romance of American Communism is also a bit strange because it is so seductive.". -Alan Wald, ... The Romance of American Communism provides a valuable glimpse into just how vital these movements can be-and how potent they ... The Romance of American Communism is a landmark work of new journalism, profiling American Communist Party members and fellow ...
Stuart Macintyre was a major contributor to the history of Australian Communism and played an important role in documenting the ... a major contributor to the history of Australian Communism, died on November 22, aged 74. ...
Could Communism Seduce Michele Bachmann?. The candidates "honest days work" speech echoes Lenin (not that she meant to do ... describing it as a key component of the path to pure communism. The statement was subsequently adopted by the Soviet Union in ... Bachmann the benefit of the doubt and say she didnt know she was repeating one of the basic tenants of Soviet-style communism ...
Communism doesnt work because it destroys the reward and work nexus. Communism doesnt work because the absence of property ... When US tried Communism [ History of Jamestown: 1607 to 1611 ]. The Himalayan Times ^ , 24 Jan 2005 , Rakesh Wadhwa Posted on ... KEYWORDS: cannibalism; communes; communism; economics; history; jamestown; jamestowncommunism; virginia Navigation: use the ... Communism doesnt work because humans do no wish to sacrifice themselves to the common good. I do not know or care about the ...
You should not assume that Americas editorial position on communism has changed very much. It has not, Matt Malone, S.J. ... The Jesuits are trying to rehabilitate Communism which is socialism enforced by coercion. Communism has murdered more people ... Communism and all forms of socialism are against the natural law and thus against God. The sad thing is that the writers at ... Communism suppresses the supply/demand curve which causes eventual revolt and is one reason why it ends up killing in large ...
... contain communism? After the ending of World War II l, the United States and the Soviet Union rejoiced. The worst war in human ... Fidel Castros Communism And The Cuban Missile Crisis. 1446 Words , 6 Pages. Communism was becoming a big concern as it was ... The Soviet Union was the birthplace of communism and a huge proponent of it. Communism and capitalism are direct opposites. ... The United States was able to contain communism by aiding West Berlin, intervening in the Korean War,…show more content…. On ...
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Communism after Digitization-A Report from Hamburg. By Geert Lovink, December 15, 2016 at 8:41 pm. . ... The first proclaims that "Communism = Soviet Power + Digitization of the entire Cosmos". The second one states: "Of the big ...
On this Independence Day week our guest is Ken Pope, CEO of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. Its been nearly 35 ... Ken discusses the continuing threat of communism, why its important for our young people to know its history of devastation ... years since the Berlin Wall has fallen, but communism continues to thrive in many areas around the world. ...
The Museum of Communism (Muzeum komunismu) is the primary attraction of its kind in Prague. It leads visitors through the life ... The Museum of Communism (Muzeum komunismu) is the primary attraction of its kind in Prague. It leads visitors through the life ... Ironically, the premises the Museum of Communism occupies is modern and very spacious, a building that would never have been ... The historical background to the rise of communism is important, thus the story begins with the foundation of Czechoslovakia in ...
Content filed under the anti-communism taxonomy. , Page 14 ... Racism and anti-communism: Why the U.S. has no real health ... Republicans rabid anti-communism is a sign of their political weakness. August 25, 2020 By C.J. Atkins The notorious Sen. Joe ... Right wing fuses anti-Semitism with anti-communism in its conspiracy theories. October 9, 2020 By Amiad Horowitz The right says ... biases steer what would otherwise be a useful and informative study into the murky waters of anti-communism. ...
  • Communism encompasses a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism, Leninism, and libertarian communism, as well as the political ideologies grouped around those. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] Most modern forms of communism are grounded at least nominally in Marxism , a theory and method conceived by Karl Marx during the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Communism is sometimes known as Marxism , though there are differences. (howstuffworks.com)
  • You might say that Marxism is the theory and communism is the implementation of Marxism. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Marxist philosophy views socialism as a transitional step on the path to pure communism. (theweek.com)
  • In his 1917 book "The State and Revolution," Vladimir Lenin adopted the adage "He who does not work shall not eat," describing it as a key component of the path to pure communism. (phillymag.com)
  • Communism (from Latin communis, 'common, universal') is a left-wing to far-left sociopolitical, philosophical, and economic ideology within the socialist movement, whose goal is the creation of a communist society, a socioeconomic order centered around common ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange that allocates products to everyone in the society based on need. (wikipedia.org)
  • As one of the main ideologies on the political spectrum, communism is placed on the left-wing alongside socialism, and communist parties and movements have been described as radical left or far-left. (wikipedia.org)
  • The decline of communism in the late 20th century has been attributed to the inherent inefficiencies of communist economies and the general trend of communist governments towards authoritarianism and bureaucracy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many authors have written about mass killings under communist regimes and mortality rates, such as excess mortality in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin, which remain controversial, polarized, and debated topics in academia, historiography, and politics when discussing communism and the legacy of Communist states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Karl Marx and other early communist theorists believed that hunter-gatherer societies as were found in the Paleolithic through to horticultural societies as found in the Chalcolithic were essentially egalitarian and he, therefore, termed their ideology to be primitive communism . (wikipedia.org)
  • In communism, a violent revolution in which the workers rise up against the middle and upper classes is seen as an inevitable part of achieving a pure communist state. (history.com)
  • Now back in print after its initial publication in 1977 and with a new introduction by the author, The Romance of American Communism is a landmark work of new journalism, profiling American Communist Party members and fellow travelers as they joined the Party, lived within its orbit, and left in disillusionment and disappointment as Stalin's crimes became public. (barnesandnoble.com)
  • The historical background to the rise of communism is important, thus the story begins with the foundation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, moving on to the birth of communist ideology with Marx and Engels, the rise of the Nazis in the 1930s, the Munich agreement, occupation and liberation in the 1940s, and the communists seizing power in 1948. (pragueexperience.com)
  • Ironically, the premises the Museum of Communism occupies is modern and very spacious, a building that would never have been built under the communist system. (pragueexperience.com)
  • The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels is considered to be the bible of communism. (differencebetween.net)
  • The Fabians whose logo until very recently was a Wolf in Sheep's clothing are a breed of Communism who believed in Collectivism (Communism) by stealth and many of the Globalists would belong to this scheming organisation. (fourwinds10.com)
  • The Pilgrims tried collectivism, socialism and communism and found that it produced slough, laziness and destroyed incentive. (creationworldview.org)
  • I read the article and I agree, these are all just different phases of totalitarianism/collectivism/communism. (differencebetween.net)
  • Karl Marx, a German philosopher and economist, is considered the father of Communism. (history.com)
  • Marx and Engels themselves didn't consistently or clearly differentiate communism from socialism, which helped ensure lasting confusion between the two terms. (history.com)
  • The political theory of socialism , which gave rise to communism, had been around for hundreds of years by the time a German philosopher named Karl Marx put pen to paper. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Marx, also known as the father of communism, spent most of his life in exile in Great Britain and France. (howstuffworks.com)
  • [2] [3] This was to have a phenomenal impact on the spread of communism during the 20th century as the Soviet Union installed new Marxist-Leninist governments in Central and Eastern Europe following World War II and indirectly backed the ascension of others in the Americas, Asia and Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] This was one major cause of tensions during the Cold War as the United States and its military allies equated the global spread of communism with Soviet expansionism by proxy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The US Policy of Containment is the US trying to prevent the spread of communism after the World War II. (ipl.org)
  • How Are Socialism and Communism Different? (history.com)
  • Though the terms are often used interchangeably, socialism and communism are different in key ways. (history.com)
  • Both socialism and communism are essentially economic philosophies advocating public rather than private ownership, especially of the means of production, distribution and exchange of goods (i.e., making money) in a society. (history.com)
  • But while socialism and communism share some basic similarities, there are also important differences between them. (history.com)
  • Communism in its modern form grew out of the socialist movement in 19th-century Europe, which blamed capitalism for the misery of urban factory workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, Marxists often refer to socialism as the first, necessary phase on the way from capitalism to communism. (history.com)
  • While the US is commonly vilified as the bastion of capitalism, it is little known that the US too has tried communism. (freerepublic.com)
  • It was only when communism failed that property rights and capitalism took hold. (freerepublic.com)
  • Communism and capitalism are direct opposites. (ipl.org)
  • Communism not as an ideology of manifestos and political groups, but as a movement of thousands of ordinary people struggling against poverty and tyranny. (libcom.org)
  • Communism is a political and economic ideology that stands in contrast to capitalism's "emphasis on profit and private ownership", said National Geographic . (theweek.com)
  • Communism is responsible for the deaths of tens of millions of people by governments that operated under it, yet it is still not viewed with the same deserved contempt as Hitler's fascist ideology. (theblaze.com)
  • Communism is an ideology which inverts nature's laws as it promotes a society without struggle, the only element that progresses and ennobles humanity. (stormfront.org)
  • Though some people may term communism and fascism as the two sides of the same coin, they are different in their ideology and other aspects. (differencebetween.net)
  • On this Independence Day week our guest is Ken Pope, CEO of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. (pacificresearch.org)
  • The Honorable Dennis DeConcini is a member of the National Advisory Council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. (victimsofcommunism.org)
  • Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation is an educational, research, and human rights nonprofit devoted to commemorating the more than 100 million victims of communism around the world and to pursuing the freedom of those still living under totalitarian regimes. (victimsofcommunism.org)
  • Communism is a socio economic system that stands for a class less, state less and an egalitarian society. (differencebetween.net)
  • Queer communism" is the battle cry of these modern Marxists, who label themselves "Queer communists" and identify with the origins of the Russian revolution. (noisyroom.net)
  • Variants of communism have been developed throughout history, including anarchist communism, Marxist schools of thought, and religious communism, among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although Marxist theory suggested that the places ripest for social revolution , either through peaceful transition or by force of arms, were industrial societies, communism was mostly successful in underdeveloped countries with endemic poverty such as the Russian Empire and the Republic of China . (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the virtual integration of the corporate media and the gay rights movement here in the U.S., Communism for Kids author Bini Adamczak writes that more advances have to be made in the field of "queer politics," using the strategies of Marxist revolution. (noisyroom.net)
  • Second, America had spent much of the previous 50 years loudly denouncing communism in its pages. (americamagazine.org)
  • Well, for one thing, you should not assume that America 's editorial position on communism has changed very much. (americamagazine.org)
  • As early as 1934, my predecessor John LaFarge, S.J., who later served as the sixth editor in chief, had even introduced a detailed plan for how American Jesuits should attack the growing threat of communism in the United States. (americamagazine.org)
  • Ken discusses the continuing threat of communism, why it's important for our young people to know its history of devastation and suffering, and the work of the Foundation in educating all Americans on the importance of protecting our freedoms. (pacificresearch.org)
  • Health Communism then looks to the grave threat capital poses to global public health, and at the rare movements around the world that have successfully challenged the extractive economy of health. (newtonvillebooks.com)
  • In this article I want to focus primarily on his battle against the threat of communism which had grown so rapidly after the abdication and execution of Nicholas II of Russia by the Bolsheviks. (hubpages.com)
  • Incidentally, it was about the time he resolved the issue that he started to look at what he could do to help battle against the threat of communism. (hubpages.com)
  • In simple words, Communism means state ownership and fascism means state control. (differencebetween.net)
  • Anyone care to wager the democide statistics regarding socialism/communism vs. fascism since 1917? (differencebetween.net)
  • Until Russia and China - and Vietnam and Cuba and North Korea - acknowledge the evils their countries committed under communism, communism's evils will remain less known than the evils of the German state under Hitler. (theblaze.com)
  • The history of communism encompasses a wide variety of ideologies and political movements sharing the core theoretical values of common ownership of wealth , economic enterprise , and property . (wikipedia.org)
  • Stuart Macintyre, Emeritus Laureate Professor of History at Melbourne University, a major contributor to the history of Australian Communism, died on November 22, aged 74. (greenleft.org.au)
  • Communism derives from the French word communisme, a combination of the Latin-rooted word communis (which literally means common) and the suffix isme (an act, practice, or process of doing something). (wikipedia.org)
  • Going past the fact that it's wrong to call an idea which utterly fails to take into account human nature as 'good', I will explain why Communism is BAD in both theory and in practice (insofar as it was put into practice). (stormfront.org)
  • I clarify my different standpoints in relation to psychoanalysis and communism, conceiving the first as a means and the second as an end, although an end that is also a path, a practice, its theory and the underlying subjectivity. (bvsalud.org)
  • The Soviet Union was the birthplace of communism and a huge proponent of it. (ipl.org)
  • A. Communism is the doctrine of the conditions of the liberation of the proletariat. (newyouth.com)
  • Meanwhile, countries that have suffered under communism, such as Russia, have done no such thing. (theblaze.com)
  • Its pages were yellowed, its cheap binding broken, its typeface uneven: there was nothing imposing about the copy of Un Bagne en Russie Rouge - `A Prison in Red Russia' - which someone once handed me as a curiosity. (anneapplebaum.com)
  • Since MSNBC's Rachel Maddow is still preoccupied with the supposed influence of Russia on President Donald Trump and the American political process, we suggest that the publication of a new book called Communism for Kids by MIT Press is worthy of her attention. (noisyroom.net)
  • Communism became popular after the Bolshevik Revolution of Russia in 1917. (differencebetween.net)
  • Since the collapse of Communism you can rest assured that they are now to be found amongst the Fabians. (fourwinds10.com)
  • As one of the many types of socialism, communism became the dominant political tendency, along with social democracy, within the international socialist movement by the early 1920s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Communism doesn't work because it destroys the reward and work nexus. (freerepublic.com)
  • Communism doesn't work because the absence of property rights heralds the end of all incentive to produce. (freerepublic.com)
  • Communism doesn't work because humans do no wish to sacrifice themselves to the common good. (freerepublic.com)
  • Since equality is a lie, and we KNOW that some people will attempt to gain advantages easily (hoarding, stealing) instead of working, the ONLY WAY to make Communism work is to have a 100% totalitarian society in which everybody is forced to think exactly the same, to act exactly the same, and so on. (stormfront.org)
  • I said: "No, communism is a terrible form of government, worse than socialism, because it quenches any incentive for people to succeed in life. (creationworldview.org)
  • Afterlives of Chinese Communism comprises essays from over fifty world-renowned scholars in the China field, from various disciplines and continents. (versobooks.com)
  • It's been nearly 35 years since the Berlin Wall has fallen, but communism continues to thrive in many areas around the world. (pacificresearch.org)
  • My approach hopes to present a more complex picture of these regimes as they continue to evolve after the death of world communism. (lu.se)
  • FULL COMMUNISM was a variant that perpetuated in memetic form because it contained that quintessential characteristic of a meme-it held resonance and could be used in multiple contexts. (libcom.org)
  • This was communism in its purest form. (freerepublic.com)
  • Var god och använd en modern webbläsare för att ta del av denna webbplats, som t.ex. (lu.se)
  • The authors respond to the legacy of Maoism from numerous perspectives to consider what lessons Chinese communism can offer today, and whether there is a future for the egalitarian politics that it once promised. (versobooks.com)
  • Most people know what communism is at its most basic level. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The author of Communism for Kids, Bini Adamczak, writes that "the Russian revolution instilled new hope, particularly in women and people who did not identify themselves within the hetero-normative paradigm. (noisyroom.net)
  • Unable to walk from the pounds she put on after the fall of communism in 1989, she cannot stop buying food. (theepochtimes.com)
  • The fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, apartheid in South Africa, and dictatorship in Brazil all saw rapid increases in homicide rates. (who.int)
  • Objectives To examine how transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) tried to penetrate the Bulgarian cigarette market and influence tobacco excise tax policy after the fall of communism and during Bulgaria's accession to the European Union (EU). (who.int)
  • Conservative commentator Dennis Prager of Prager U. explains why despite communism being a far deadlier system of government, it's still not as hated than Nazism. (theblaze.com)
  • there's something which doesn't sit right with me about a system which has caused well over 100 million worldwide deaths while simultaneously ruining all the States which it has affected (apart from China's, but that's our fault in the West for buying their garbage en masse ). (stormfront.org)
  • Supported by all enemies of communism , Mikołajczyk sought to challenge the PPR in the "free and unfettered" elections stipulated by the Yalta accords. (britannica.com)
  • Communism is designed to allow the poor to rise up and attain financial and social status equal to that of the middle-class landowners. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The idea was to make other countries comfortable enough to avoid the temptation of communism. (ipl.org)
  • In communism, the state is the custodian of everything and it is the state that owns everything. (differencebetween.net)