Utilization of all available receptive and expressive modes for the purpose of achieving communication with the hearing impaired, such as gestures, postures, facial expression, types of voice, formal speech and non-speech systems, and simultaneous communication.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.

Evaluating the effects of functional communication training in the presence and absence of establishing operations. (1/18)

We conducted functional analyses of aberrant behavior with 4 children with developmental disabilities. We then implemented functional communication training (FCT) by using different mands across two contexts, one in which the establishing operation (EO) that was relevant to the function of aberrant behavior was present and one in which the EO that was relevant to the function of aberrant behavior was absent. The mand used in the EO-present context served the same function as aberrant behavior, and the mand used in the EO-absent context served a different function than the one identified via the functional analysis. In addition, a free-play (control) condition was conducted for all children. Increases in relevant manding were observed in the EO-present context for 3 of the 4 participants. Decreases in aberrant behavior were achieved by the end of the treatment analysis for all 4 participants. Irrelevant mands were rarely observed in the EO-absent context for 3 of the 4 participants. Evaluating the effectiveness of FCT across different contexts allowed a further analysis of manding when the establishing operations were present or absent. The contributions of this study to the understanding of functional equivalence are also discussed.  (+info)

Assessment of a response bias for aggression over functionally equivalent appropriate behavior. (2/18)

We evaluated the effects of a dense (fixed-ratio 1) schedule of reinforcement for an 11-year-old boy's mands for toys while aggression produced the same toys on various schedules chosen on the basis of a progressive-ratio probe. Based on the probe session data, we accurately predicted that aggression would be more probable than mands when the schedules were equal or slightly discrepant, but that mands would be more probable when the schedule discrepancy was large.  (+info)

Differential use of vocal and gestural communication by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in response to the attentional status of a human (Homo sapiens). (3/18)

This study examined the communicative behavior of 49 captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), particularly their use of vocalizations, manual gestures, and other auditory- or tactile-based behaviors as a means of gaining an inattentive audience's attention. A human (Homo sapiens) experimenter held a banana while oriented either toward or away from the chimpanzee. The chimpanzees' behavior was recorded for 60 s. Chimpanzees emitted vocalizations faster and were more likely to produce vocalizations as their 1st communicative behavior when a human was oriented away from them. Chimpanzees used manual gestures more frequently and faster when the human was oriented toward them. These results replicate the findings of earlier studies on chimpanzee gestural communication and provide new information about the intentional and functional use of their vocalizations.  (+info)

Nonword imitation by children with cochlear implants: consonant analyses. (4/18)

OBJECTIVES: To complete detailed linguistic analyses of archived recordings of pediatric cochlear implant users' imitations of nonwords; to gain insight into the children's developing phonological systems and the wide range of variability in nonword responses. DESIGN: Nonword repetition: repetition of 20 auditory-only English-sounding nonwords. SETTING: Central Institute for the Deaf "Education of the Deaf Child" research program, St Louis, Mo. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-eight 8- to 10-year-old experienced pediatric cochlear implant users. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Several different consonant accuracy scores based on the linguistic structure (voicing, place, and manner of articulation) of the consonants being imitated; analysis of the errors produced for all consonants imitated incorrectly. RESULTS: Seventy-six children provided a response to at least 75% of the nonword stimuli. In these children's responses, 33% of the target consonants were imitated correctly, 25% of the target consonants were deleted, and substitutions were provided for 42% of the target consonants. The children tended to correctly reproduce target consonants with coronal place (which involve a mid-vocal tract constriction) more often than other consonants. Poorer performers tended to produce more deletions than the better performers, but their production errors tended to follow the same patterns as the better performers. CONCLUSIONS: Poorer performance on labial consonants suggests that scores were affected by the lack of visual cues such as lip closure. Oral communication users tended to perform better than total communication users, indicating that oral communication methods are beneficial to the development of pediatric cochlear implant users' phonological processing skills.  (+info)

Hearing mothers and their deaf children: the relationship between early, ongoing mode match and subsequent mental health functioning in adolescence. (5/18)

In the few studies that have been conducted, researchers have typically found that deaf adolescents have more mental health difficulties than their hearing peers and that, within the deaf groups, those who use spoken language have better mental health functioning than those who use sign language. This study investigated the hypotheses that mental health functioning in adolescence is related to an early and consistent mode match between mother and child rather than to the child's use of speech or sign itself. Using a large existing 15-year longitudinal database on children and adolescents with severe and profound deafness, 57 adolescents of hearing parents were identified for whom data on language experience (the child's and the mother's) and mental health functioning (from a culturally and linguistically adapted form of the Achenbach Youth Self Report) was available. Three groups were identified: auditory/oral (A/O), sign match (SM), and sign mismatch (SMM). As hypothesized, no significant difference in mental health functioning was found between the A/O and SM groups, but a significant difference was found favoring a combined A/O and SM group over the SMM group. These results support the notion of the importance of an early and consistent mode match between deaf children and hearing mothers, regardless of communication modality.  (+info)

The development of analogical reasoning in deaf children and their parents' communication mode. (6/18)

The purpose of this article is to analyze the results of a study of the development of analogical reasoning in deaf children coming from two different linguistic environments (deaf children of deaf parents--sign language, deaf children of hearing parents--spoken language) and in hearing children, as well as to compare two groups of deaf children to a group of hearing children. In order to estimate the development of children's analogical reasoning, especially the development of their understanding of different logical relations, two age groups were singled out in each population of children: younger (9- and 10-year-olds) and older (12- and 13-year-olds). In this way it is possible to assess the influence of early and consistent sign-language communication on the development of the conceptual system in deaf children and to establish whether early and consistent sign-language communication with deaf children affects their mental development to the same extent as early and consistent spoken-language communication with hearing children. The children were given three series of analogy tasks based on different logical relations: (a) a series of verbal analogy tasks (the relations of opposite, part-whole, and causality); (b) a series of numerical analogy tasks (the relations of class membership, opposite, and part-whole); and (c) a series of figural-geometric analogy tasks (the relations of opposite and part-whole). It was found that early and consistent sign-language communication with deaf children plays an almost equivalent role in the development of verbal, numerical, and spatial reasoning by analogy as early and consistent spoken-language communication with hearing children.  (+info)

Grammatical Subjects in home sign: Abstract linguistic structure in adult primary gesture systems without linguistic input. (7/18)

Language ordinarily emerges in young children as a consequence of both linguistic experience (for example, exposure to a spoken or signed language) and innate abilities (for example, the ability to acquire certain types of language patterns). One way to discern which aspects of language acquisition are controlled by experience and which arise from innate factors is to remove or manipulate linguistic input. However, experimental manipulations that involve depriving a child of language input are impossible. The present work examines the communication systems resulting from natural situations of language deprivation and thus explores the inherent tendency of humans to build communication systems of particular kinds, without any conventional linguistic input. We examined the gesture systems that three isolated deaf Nicaraguans (ages 14-23 years) have developed for use with their hearing families. These deaf individuals have had no contact with any conventional language, spoken or signed. To communicate with their families, they have each developed a gestural communication system within the home called "home sign." Our analysis focused on whether these systems show evidence of the grammatical category of Subject. Subjects are widely considered to be universal to human languages. Using specially designed elicitation tasks, we show that home signers also demonstrate the universal characteristics of Subjects in their gesture productions, despite the fact that their communicative systems have developed without exposure to a conventional language. These findings indicate that abstract linguistic structure, particularly the grammatical category of Subject, can emerge in the gestural modality without linguistic input.  (+info)

An ideal observer analysis of variability in visual-only speech. (8/18)

Normal-hearing observers typically have some ability to "lipread," or understand visual-only speech without an accompanying auditory signal. However, talkers vary in how easy they are to lipread. Such variability could arise from differences in the visual information available in talkers' speech, human perceptual strategies that are better suited to some talkers than others, or some combination of these factors. A comparison of human and ideal observer performance in a visual-only speech recognition task found that although talkers do vary in how much physical information they produce during speech, human perceptual strategies also play a role in talker variability.  (+info)

"Communication Methods, Total" is not a standard medical term. However, in the context of healthcare and medicine, "communication methods" generally refer to the ways in which information is exchanged between healthcare providers, patients, and caregivers. This can include both verbal and non-verbal communication, as well as written communication through medical records and documentation.

"Total" in this context could mean that all relevant communication methods are being considered or evaluated. For example, a healthcare organization might assess their "total communication methods" to ensure that they are using a variety of effective and appropriate strategies to communicate with patients and families, including those with limited English proficiency, hearing impairments, or other communication needs.

Therefore, the term "Communication Methods, Total" could be interpreted as a comprehensive approach to evaluating and improving all aspects of communication within a healthcare setting.

In the medical context, communication refers to the process of exchanging information, ideas, or feelings between two or more individuals in order to facilitate understanding, cooperation, and decision-making. Effective communication is critical in healthcare settings to ensure that patients receive accurate diagnoses, treatment plans, and follow-up care. It involves not only verbal and written communication but also nonverbal cues such as body language and facial expressions.

Healthcare providers must communicate clearly and empathetically with their patients to build trust, address concerns, and ensure that they understand their medical condition and treatment options. Similarly, healthcare teams must communicate effectively with each other to coordinate care, avoid errors, and provide the best possible outcomes for their patients. Communication skills are essential for all healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, therapists, and social workers.

Cell communication, also known as cell signaling, is the process by which cells exchange and transmit signals between each other and their environment. This complex system allows cells to coordinate their functions and maintain tissue homeostasis. Cell communication can occur through various mechanisms including:

1. Autocrine signaling: When a cell releases a signal that binds to receptors on the same cell, leading to changes in its behavior or function.
2. Paracrine signaling: When a cell releases a signal that binds to receptors on nearby cells, influencing their behavior or function.
3. Endocrine signaling: When a cell releases a hormone into the bloodstream, which then travels to distant target cells and binds to specific receptors, triggering a response.
4. Synaptic signaling: In neurons, communication occurs through the release of neurotransmitters that cross the synapse and bind to receptors on the postsynaptic cell, transmitting electrical or chemical signals.
5. Contact-dependent signaling: When cells physically interact with each other, allowing for the direct exchange of signals and information.

Cell communication is essential for various physiological processes such as growth, development, differentiation, metabolism, immune response, and tissue repair. Dysregulation in cell communication can contribute to diseases, including cancer, diabetes, and neurological disorders.

1] Core course (Year 1) Semester 1 , Total of 21 Credits • Scientific methods • Applied physics and mathematics for health ... Communication in Thai for medical profession • English for medical profession • Creative thinking and innovation • Free ... Total of 21 Credits • Clinical anatomy and medical imaging • Body movement and control • Body fluid homeostasis I • Body fluid ... Total of 20 Credits • Principles of biomedical engineering • Advanced subject in biomedical sciences I # • Advanced subject in ...
"Total Revolution?: An Outsider History of Hardline". Warcry Communications. p.3-4. Retrieved June 30, 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 ... ISBN 0-8156-3127-8. Pike, Sarah (2011). The Study of Children in Religion: A Methods Handbook. New York, N.Y.: New York ... "Total Revolution?: An Outsider History of Hardline". Warcry Communications. p.9, 51, 169, 233. Retrieved June 30, 2022.{{cite ... USA: Warcry Communications. ISBN 978-1-9574-5203-6. XVX, Mittens (January 9, 2017). "Statement: From Anarcho-Punk to The Birth ...
Theories and Methods in Mediated Communication. In Graesser, A., Gernsbacher, M., and Goldman, S. (Ed.) The Handbook of ... Communications of the ACM, Vol. 53, No. 5, 70-77. https://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2010/5/87249-beyond-total-capture/fulltext ... His early research focused on computer mediated communication, extending psychological theories of conversation to develop new ... The role of vision in face-to-face and mediated communication. In In K. Finn, A. Sellen, S. Wilbur (Eds.), Video mediated ...
The foreign language is taught for communication, with a view to achieve development of communication skills. Practice is how ... Every language skill is the total of the sets of habits that the learner is expected to acquire. Practice is central to all the ... earlier method called the direct method. Like the direct method, the audio-lingual method advised that students should be ... The audio-lingual method or Army Method is a method used in teaching foreign languages. It is based on behaviorist theory, ...
The total number of bauxite mines is twenty one". In Gumla district the mines are operated manually/ semi-mechanised methods. ... Suitable communication channels are not there. In 2016-17, Jharkhand produced 2,289,825,000 tonnes of Bauxite. Bauxite and ... The total number of literate persons in Serangdag was 320 (37.12% of the population over 6 years). (*For language details see ... According to the 2011 Census of India, Serangdag had a total population of 1,091, of which 562 (52%) were males and 526 (48%) ...
Some schools using the oral method changed to Total Communication; others just added sign into their existing program or simply ... "Total Communication". This term described an educational philosophy he popularized where the child could use the communication ... These methods are presented as communication options, and they rely on a large amount of parental involvement. Children who use ... Hawkins, Larry; Brawner, Judy (August 1997). "Educating Children Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: Total Communication. ERIC ...
Eye or eyelid movements are the main method of communication. Total locked-in syndrome is a version of locked-in syndrome where ... The main cause is total necrosis of the cerebral neurons following loss of brain oxygenation. After brain death the patient ...
Independent focusing: this method aids in providing a durable, sealed interior. Reticle scale: a navigational aid which uses a ... The various lens and prism optical coatings used in high-quality 21st century binoculars, when added together, can total about ... "Carl Zeiss - A History of a Most Respected Name in Optics". Southwest Museum of Engineering, Communications and Computation. ... "Vapor Deposition Method Suits Coating Curved Optics by Evan Craves". Archived from the original on 2022-09-27. Retrieved 2022- ...
Paul Feyerabend's Against Method is published. Ian Hacking's The Emergence of Probability is published. Ian Hacking's Why Does ... Michel Maffesoli's Total Violence: Essay on Political Anthropology is published. Theda Skocpol's States and Social Revolutions ... Edmund Leach's Culture and Communication is published. Stuart Hall's and Tony Jefferson's (eds.) Resistance through Rituals is ... Henry S. Shryock's and Jacob S. Siegel's The Methods and Materials of Demography is published. William H. Sewell serves as ...
... "an improvement over an image encryption method based on total shuffling"". Optics Communications. 350: 77-82. Bibcode:2015OptCo ... doi:10.1016/s0375-9601(98)00086-3. Li, Shujun; Zheng, Xuan (2002-01-01). "Cryptanalysis of a chaotic image encryption method". ... Ghebleh, M.; Kanso, A. (2014-06-01). "A robust chaotic algorithm for digital image steganography". Communications in Nonlinear ... Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation. 20 (2): 506-515. Bibcode:2015CNSNS..20..506L. doi:10.1016/j.cnsns ...
The audiophile community is scattered across many different platforms and communication methods. In person, one can find ... Depending on the format, digital can have a higher signal-to-noise ratio, a wider dynamic range, less total harmonic distortion ... Various methods are employed to control the dispersion. These methods include monopolar, bipolar, dipolar, 360-degree, horn, ... Also vacuum-tube amplifiers often have higher total harmonic distortion, require rebiasing, are less reliable, generate more ...
With the total communication method, teachers use multiple modes of communication, including spoken language, written language ... In the 1990s, oral education, long in use, was replaced with the total communication method. Previously, Deaf children were ... "human rights may be infringed by distinguishing the two communication methods for users of JSL and Taiou Shuwa,"[citation ... and the other schools for the Deaf use other communication methods. Bilingual education for the Deaf (see also Bilingual- ...
... the total carbon formed minus the inorganic carbon gives a good estimate of the total organic carbon in the sample. This method ... KG, Vogel Communications Group GmbH & Co. "How to Profit from TOC Analyzers - Reliable Monitoring of Water Quality". Sugimura; ... A typical analysis for total carbon (TC) measures both the total organic carbon (TOC) present and the complementing total ... Nie, Xin; Wan, Yu; Bie, Fan (2017-05-05). "Dual-shale-content method for total organic carbon content evaluation from wireline ...
2006). Quantifying submarine groundwater discharge in the coastal zone via multiple methods. Sci. Total Environ. 367, 498-543. ... Nature Communications, 8(1): 1-8. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-02227-3. "Organic Carbon". Bio-geochemical Methods. Retrieved 27 ... Total Environ. 546, 434-444. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.047 Hudson, J. J., Dillon, P. J., and Somers, K. M. (2003). Long- ... Organic carbon is produced by organisms and is released during and after their life; e.g., in rivers, 1-20% of the total amount ...
Rapid Method for the Quantification of Total Cell and Neuron Numbers in the Brain". The Journal of Neuroscience. 25 (10): 2518- ... She won the José Reis Prize of Science Communication in 2004. Evolutionary neuroscience Evolution of the brain Human Advantage ... Her main field of work is comparative neuroanatomy; her findings include a method of counting of neurons of human and other ...
On 3 June, a 36-hour curfew was imposed on the state of Punjab with all methods of communication and public travel suspended.: ... The total number of deaths was 410 in violent incidents and riots, and 1,180 people were injured.: 147 The government never ... In total 55 mutineers were killed and 2,606 were captured alive. The captured mutineers were court-martialed, despite efforts ... In other parts of Punjab, a "state of chaos and repressive police methods" combined to create "a mood of overwhelming anger and ...
... essentially Total Communication with a different name. The school's deaf and hearing teachers use ASL as a method of ... Rita School works to meet the needs of Deaf and hard of hearing and students with special communication needs. Students come ... The program teaches to the students communication disabilities (oral-buccofacial apraxia) and encompasses each student's global ... instruction, but the majority use is Simultaneous Communication. While based in the Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati, St. ...
The total communication method involved using multiple methods for communicating, including the manual alphabet, signs, ... In the early eighties, new principal Guðlaug Snorradóttir introduced a new teaching method called Total Communication to the ... In 1922, the Danish mouth-hand system was adopted as the new teaching method, with the objective of having the students speak ... "Icelandic sign language is the first language of those who have to rely on it for expression and communication, and of their ...
However, the problems of communication multiply with each successive stage of complexity. The proper method for maintaining ... At this point, the designer must determine what has to be done to achieve the stated objective(s) and how the total task can be ... Total systems often become complex because of the sheer size and nature of operations, but effectiveness and efficiency may ...
... deaf schools adopted a teaching method of total communication. Shortly thereafter in the 1980s, the bilingual-bicultural ... including the Center for Total Communication of the Deaf (Døves Center for Total Kommunikation). The CFD is a nonprofit ... Without any training or prior experience, these professionals are unprepared to alter their communication methods for a hard-of ... Throughout much of the 19th and 20th centuries, various schools taught using the oral method, the signing method, or a ...
She opposed the total communication approach that allows use of manual communication in addition to oral speech. The ability to ... However, Rogers soon became aware that it was unwise to use both methods, so she turned completely toward the oral method. As ... On the other hand, in Europe the auditory/oral method was the preferred method of education of the deaf. Both approaches have ... Auditory/Oral Method-Article on definition, benefits and drawbacks of this method. Retrieved December 12, 2007. Clarke School ...
One method to calculate the lexical density is to compute the ratio of lexical items to the total number of words. Another ... Further, human communication in the written form is generally more lexically dense than in the spoken form after the early ... method is to compute the ratio of lexical items to the number of higher structural items in a composition, such as the total ... It can be measured either as the ratio of lexical items to total number of words, or as the ratio of lexical items to the ...
The reaction has been used in a number of notable total syntheses including the Danishefsky Taxol total synthesis, which ... The method too has limited substrate scope, failing for any electrophiles possessing basic substituents due to competitive ... Chemical Communications (21): 2644-2651. doi:10.1039/b304625g. PMID 14649793. Aggarwal, V. K.; Winn, C. L. (2004). "Catalytic, ... Darzens reaction Wittig reaction Epoxidation Ylide E.J. Corey Taxol total synthesis Strychnine total synthesis Aggarwal, V. K ...
The total number of branches of Turkmenpochta is 146. They are equipped with modern communication technology, where payments ... for services are accepted by non-cash method, bank cards and cash. DHL Express is among the partners of Turkmenpost. In ... Ashgabat on April 1, 2011 a Turkmenpost office, and nearby, the building of the Ministry of Communications (Turkmenistan) was ...
Other methods include tell-show-do, positive reinforcement, distraction, nonverbal communication or even general anesthesia and ... When fear of dental work is not overcome in childhood it is very likely to continue into adulthood, causing a total avoidance ... Dental fear in children varies from 3%-21% depending on age and method used to measure dental fear. "A very young child may ... There are certain types of treatments that have been proven to be better methods than others. Some hospitals allow parents to ...
This channel was the primary method of communication in the North tower. It was a simplex channel. Users complained it would ... These can cause interruptions in voice traffic but cut down on total air time required to conduct business because they occupy ... Emergency communication, Amateur radio emergency communications, Amateur radio history, 2001 in radio). ... investigations into the radio communications during the September 11 attacks discovered that communication systems and ...
Taking a "hand-off parenting" method, she limits communication with her sons. She also keeps her circle close and intimate and ... which manifests in her feelings toward her sons quickly alternating between motherly love and total disregard for their ... Anya is aware of her true nature and is wary of her because of her Spartan method of training children. WISE Attendant Voiced ... 3, 24, 46, 65, 79] Because of this, as well as her lack of communication and social skills, she has difficulties adjusting to ...
Other methods, such as Infrared Communications or Bluetooth are also available. A wide variety of software applications for ... Some IAs (such as the total station) are made specifically for construction use, but they are for very specific applications ... This method is slower than keyboard entry for the experienced user. The touch screen is the standard display method for tablet ... The user enters numbers on the keypad in response to prompts on the IA screen so this method is only suitable for entry of ...
High level external communication are simple and use several methods:[citation needed] Different types of serial communications ... sometimes this feature is called Total operating time since first use Total number of cycles Temperature Monitoring Coolant ... CAN bus communications, commonly used in automotive environments. Different types of wireless communications. Low voltage ... communication. These types of communications are difficult, especially for high voltage systems. The problem is voltage shift ...
Facilitated communication - a method by which a facilitator guides the arm of a person with severe communication needs as they ... for a total of forty-five numbers. Looking back, I am not surprised that very few professionals thought a person could ... Aided communication methods can range from paper and pencil to communication books or boards to speech generating devices (SGDs ... Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) encompasses the communication methods used to supplement or replace speech or ...
1] Core course (Year 1) Semester 1 , Total of 21 Credits • Scientific methods • Applied physics and mathematics for health ... Communication in Thai for medical profession • English for medical profession • Creative thinking and innovation • Free ... Total of 21 Credits • Clinical anatomy and medical imaging • Body movement and control • Body fluid homeostasis I • Body fluid ... Total of 20 Credits • Principles of biomedical engineering • Advanced subject in biomedical sciences I # • Advanced subject in ...
... and finally scientific communication methods.. Total Estimated Cost: $54,807. Total Attendees: 14 ... Total Cost. Total Number of Attendees. Total Number of Federal Attendees. (travel paid by CDC). Total Number of Non-Federal ... Mistakes in communication or using outdated resources and methods wastes tax dollars, and a lack of timely and credible health ... Office of the Associate Director for Communication. National Conference on Health Communication, Marketing and Media (NCHCMM). ...
Method. We have adopted a qualitative social research approach and make use of the strategy known as documentary analysis [16 ... The result of this process gave rise to a total of nine sub-categories, three for each type, which summarized the properties of ... According to Piñuel [17], content analysis is a series of procedures for the interpretation of communication products (messages ... Methods. For this purpose, the documents considering preliminary typology were examined by means of qualitative content ...
This study provides us with a new method to control invasive plant species spread in different habitats. ... The prediction of its growth, using different efficient methods under different environmental conditions, is the optimal ... Total Environ. 2004, 325, 221-237. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]. *Vickers, N.J. Animal communication: When im calling ... All of these methods presume to follow the linear relationship of input and output. These methods could not explain the complex ...
Methods. Design. The study and the campaign were conducted in adult intensive care units, neonatal intensive care units and ... The study included 14 FGD with a total of 96 nurses. The participants were either graduates from the High Institute of Nursing ... The communication strategy included messages to promote the use of alcohol rub by emphasizing a change of system and behaviour ... Determinants of hand hygiene compliance in Egypt: building blocks for a communication strategy ...
This total is measured irrespective of the method of payment. It excludes subscriptions that have access to data communications ... Net official flows from UN agencies are the net disbursements of total official flows from the UN agencies. Total official ... This series shows total net, that is, net FDI in the reporting economy from foreign sources less net FDI by the reporting ... Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or ...
Methods: Data was taken from an ongoing organizational climate survey of a northeastern manufacturing company. This paper ... communication, innovation, conflict-free working environment, and commitment to organizational values. Conclusion: Certain ... "ownership"); and commitment to organizational values (total quality, integrity, corporate freedom, and technological ... communication, and understanding the organizations vision); organizational climate (innovation, workplace diversity, conflict- ...
Methods for Guideline Development General Principles of Prevention and Treatment Vaccine Antimicrobial Drug Prophylaxis and ... In August 2012, a total of 77 experts (Technical Appendix) participated in a 2.5-day meeting to discuss the proposed CDC ... and communication. The purpose of this meeting summary is to provide updated clinical information to health care providers and ... Methods for Guideline Development. In August 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in partnership with ...
As part of the UNICEF Assisted Communication Program as a method of early intervention for children with developmental ... UNICEF donated three respirators and rapid antigen and PCR tests worth a total of almost 1.2 million kuna. ...
... professional communication (4 items): it portrays communication and relationship difficulties in the professional environment; ... Method. Descriptive, cross-sectional study addressing 86 nursing students in their 6th, 7th, and 9th semesters in 2011. An ... A total of 84% of students passed the programs courses and 91% participated in extracurricular activities. Stressors are ... Students from the 6th, 7th, and 9th semesters of study participated in the study, totaling 71% (86) of nursing students from a ...
The three methods have different characteristics and the method of choice will depend on the surveillance objective. The ... The three methods have different characteristics and the method of choice will depend on the surveillance objective. The ... All three methods had good disease-detecting capacity, each of them detected many more outbreaks compared to those reported to ... All three methods had good disease-detecting capacity, and each of them detected many more outbreaks compared to those reported ...
CDC Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA). Providing clinicians the most current and reliable information on ... In the same method as the previous article, we classified birth defects potentially related to Zika as brain abnormalities and/ ... From January 15 through December 27, 2016, a total of 1,297 pregnancies with possible recent Zika virus infection were reported ... As part of the Vital Signs communication efforts, we developed a graphic of an infant with congenital Zika syndrome, which was ...
This novel method expands the applicability of DLLME to a wider range of solvents. Furthermore, the method was simple and easy ... From total number of patients, 52% were with SSBE and 48% patients were with LSBE. Hiatal hernia was present in 64% of patients ... Where free communication exists between outdoor smoking areas and indoor areas, SHS drift can often greatly reduce indoor air ... Method limits of quantitation ranged from 0.13 mugL(-1) to 1.6 mugL(-1) in soft drinks and 1.0 mugkg(-1) to 4.0 mugkg(-1) in ...
Scientific Communications Program. Public Health Publications Branch. Suzanne M. Hewitt. Chief. Ava W. Navin, M.A.. Project ... Proficiency testing (PT) is mandated by CLIA as a method to externally evaluate the quality of a laboratorys performance. For ... program designed to monitor and evaluate the ongoing and overall quality of the total testing process. The regulations list ... Immunoassay methods requiring microscopic evaluation *Radioimmunoassays *Gel-based immunochemical procedures *Electrophoresis * ...
Interpersonal Communication. The program emphasizes student participation, interviews, and oral presentations, which supplement ... The Communication Program consists of three courses: The Art of Storytelling Small Group Discussion ... ENG422 Interpersonal Communication. Lecture Hours: 60. Lab Hours: 120. Total Clock Hours: 180. Quarter Credit Hours: 12 ... Training Methods: Lectures/Labs. PROGRAM COSTS. Illinois. Tuition: $1,400 per quarter. Course Materials Fees: $50 per quarter. ...
... from one place to another with a negligible loss of energy.Total internal reflectionFiber-optic communication is a method of ... Optical fiber is used by many telecommunications companies to transmit telephone signals, Internet communication, and cable ... and it cannot leave the ground or work with mobile communication. Low Power-Light emitting sources are limited to low power. ... television signals.How communication works...ADVANTAGES:-1. Greater Bandwidth 2. Faster Speeds 3. Longer Distances 4. Better ...
This measure calculates the percentage of total business entity personnel cost that comes from total labor cost to maintain and ... 6.6.7 - Manage employee communication (10528) * 6.6.7.1 - Develop employee communication plan (10529) - Creating a plan for ... Use surveys, focus groups, and other data-gathering methods to find out the attitudes, opinions, and feelings of members of an ... Total labor cost to maintain and support HRIS as a percentage of total business entity personnel cost. This measure calculates ...
... the new framework to streamline communication evaluation, and drive continuous improvement and learning in government ... Measurement Method. ✔. ✔. ✔. Total spend to date. Online and/or Offline. Aggregate total spend so far (online and offline). - ... Measurement Method. ✔. ✔. ✔. Estimated total reach. Online and/or Offline. Aggregate audience reach. Absolute number and ... communications activities can capitalise on successful communication techniques and avoid embedding unsuccessful methods. ...
Methods: This mixed-methods design involved end-users from Greece, Spain, Sweden and the UK. Data collection was performed via ... Results: A total of 155 end-users participated, commenting on expected advantages, anticipated challenges, desired ... Patients/family members generally felt it would be useful for personalised support and aid communication as there was ...
Teaching Methods:. 12: Problem Solving Method, 13: Case Study Method, 14: Self Study Method, 16: Question - Answer Technique, 9 ... Utilizes new communication technologies efficiently in professional and scientific works and follows the developments in new ... Total Workload(Hour). 150. Dersin AKTS Kredisi = Toplam İş Yükü (Saat)/30*=(150/30). 5. ... Teaching Methods:. 12: Problem Solving Method, 13: Case Study Method, 14: Self Study Method, 16: Question - Answer Technique, 9 ...
... using Facebookand considers to what extent messaging demonstrated the characteristics of effective crisis communication. Read ... Method. This study used content analysis in a mixed-method approach to explore how the 2 agencies managed their social media ... The total number of posts was 613; 397 from the ACT ESA page and 216 from the NSWRFS page. Of these, 47 per cent of posts on ... Crisis communication research shows that social media is a critical component of crisis communication as it creates ...
CDC Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA). Providing clinicians the most current and reliable information on ... In the same method as the previous article, we classified birth defects potentially related to Zika as brain abnormalities and/ ... From January 15 through December 27, 2016, a total of 1,297 pregnancies with possible recent Zika virus infection were reported ... As part of the Vital Signs communication efforts, we developed a graphic of an infant with congenital Zika syndrome, which was ...
... communications, management, and information requirements as needed, and the application of requisite analytical methods to ... development and operational evaluation of total systems solutions to a wide variety of engineering problems, including the ... Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods, Other * Any instructional program in business quantitative methods and management ... Includes instruction in probability theory, statistical analysis, numerical methods, computation and simulation methods, ...
In the five editions carried out so far, a total of 52 collaborators from the IAC and 12 other institutions have taken part, ... This initiative, organised and coordinated by the IACs Outreach and Communication Unit, is open to all levels of pre- ... the Universe and the methods used to learn more about it. ...
Today 55 % of the total land area in Sweden is used for reindeer husbandry. Other land users as well as the reindeer husbandry ... During the last half of the 20th century different methods for the dialogue have been developed. The latest of them is the ... By the results of this study we find that RenGIS is an effective communication tool where the GPS positions serves as an ... Furthermore the purpose was to study how the use of RenGIS correlates to the recommendations in the communication plan and how ...
  • A program that prepares individuals to apply mathematical and scientific principles to the design, development and operational evaluation of total systems solutions to a wide variety of engineering problems, including the integration of human, physical, energy, communications, management, and information requirements as needed, and the application of requisite analytical methods to specific situations. (myfuture.com)
  • The course offers a detailed description in the identification,separation, and quantification of the components using the spectroscopic, chromatographic and thermal analytical methods. (micpsil.com)
  • We adapted a published focus group method for evaluating impact of an organizational intervention for virtual delivery using video conferencing. (cdc.gov)
  • Formative research methods were used to explore working conditions impacting workers' health to inform intervention planning and implementation and to enhance the intervention's "fit" to the organization. (cdc.gov)
  • Intervention and control sites continued receiving routine communication, all clinical guidelines and scheduled outreach activities. (uct.ac.za)
  • The total score for midwives' knowledge and skills was 7 points (out of a possible 119) higher in the intervention arm (95% CI : 2.1 to 12.3), p=0.006. (uct.ac.za)
  • Results: Minor amendments were made to seven items related to: recognition of the dying phase, ongoing assessment of the patient's condition, communication with patients about the plan of care and care in the immediate time after the death of a patient. (lu.se)
  • The mean total score of the Midwifery Perceptions and Assessment of Clinical Teaching (MidPaACT) tool was 103.31 (SD = 9.47). (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusions: These targeted, comprehensive methods move away from a typical focus on generic working conditions, for example, job demands and physical work environment, to explore those conditions unique to an organization. (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusions: Traditional vaccination methods failed to achieve sufficiently high vaccination coverages needed to interrupt sustained rabies virus transmission, whilst the technology-aided approach increased coverage above this critical threshold. (cdc.gov)
  • From the perspective of emergency services organisations, digital communication platforms, including social media, have become crucial communication media to keep communities informed (Yell & Duffy 2018). (aidr.org.au)
  • Includes instruction in management theory, human resources management and behavior, accounting and other quantitative methods, purchasing and logistics, organization and production, marketing, and business decision-making. (myfuture.com)
  • The World Health risk communication strategies in China have evolved in Organization reported 133 cases in the first wave of the the last decade. (who.int)
  • H7N9 was uncertain at the early stage of the outbreak, making, organization and collaboration, monitoring and and there was much concern that human infection with early warning and protection and communication. (who.int)
  • METHODS: We enrolled children 6-59months old admitted May 2014-September 2019 for acute watery diarrhea at any sentinel surveillance hospital. (cdc.gov)
  • Indeed, as Metcalfe [ 2019 ] has demonstrated many science communication activities involves a blend of approaches and objectives. (sissa.it)
  • While many studies have been undertaken to learn what constitutes good social media practices in crisis communication from a practical perspective, there are fewer on how to apply research and evidence-based recommendations to improve strategic and tactical crisis communication. (aidr.org.au)
  • Methods: A cross sectional online survey (n=1407) explored the cultural tastes and practices of a representative British public audience. (sissa.it)
  • The method entailed convening small groups of three to five participants for a 2-hour facilitated workshop. (cdc.gov)
  • A total of nine focus group interviews, with 94 participants recruited from nine communities, were conducted. (who.int)
  • The participants suggested that the government release more information about clinical treatment outcomes, have more specific health recommendations that are practical to their settings and expand the use of new media channels for risk communication. (who.int)
  • Interventions into reliability-seeking health care organizations: a systematic review of their goals and measuring methods. (ahrq.gov)
  • Impact of teamwork and communication training interventions on safety culture and patient safety in emergency departments: a systematic review. (ahrq.gov)
  • A systematic review of methods for medical record analysis to detect adverse events in hospitalized patients. (ahrq.gov)
  • Methods: Data was taken from an ongoing organizational climate survey of a northeastern manufacturing company. (cdc.gov)
  • The consistent predictors of all organizational outcomes were employee development, understanding of organizational vision, communication, innovation, conflict-free working environment, and commitment to organizational values. (cdc.gov)
  • Phase coherence is relevant to the study of stuttering because it reflects neural communication within brain networks. (frontiersin.org)
  • Overall, there was altered neural communication during speech planning in AWS that provides novel evidence for atypical allocation of feedforward control by AWS even before fluent utterances. (frontiersin.org)
  • To identify the general public's perceptions of the overall risk communication strategy carried out by Chinese public health agencies during the first wave of avian influenza A(H7N9) outbreak in humans in 2013. (who.int)
  • Your programme is made up of credits, the total differs on programme to programme. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • RESULTS: On the first two nights, when there was no or infrequent communication between the outdoor and indoor areas, the mean level of PM(2.5) varied from 32 to 109 mug/m(3) in the outdoor smoking area, and from 14 to 79 mug/m(3) in the adjacent indoor areas. (who.int)
  • RESULTS: A total of 178 nurses and doctors participated (92.13% nurses, 89.89% female, mean 32.10 years). (bvsalud.org)
  • Results: A total of 11,420 dogs were vaccinated during the 14-day campaign. (cdc.gov)
  • The public perceived the overall risk communication strategy by the Chinese public health agencies as effective, though the moderator had a governmental agency title that might have biased the results. (who.int)
  • Utilizes new communication technologies efficiently in professional and scientific works and follows the developments in new communication technologies regularly. (medipol.edu.tr)
  • A total of 84% of students passed the program's courses and 91% participated in extracurricular activities. (scielo.org.co)
  • Performs the measurement and evaluation of communication activities. (medipol.edu.tr)
  • The study revealed the benefits of using a combination of text, images and infographics in communication activities. (aidr.org.au)
  • A total of 150 healthcare professionals - 75 doctors and 75 nurses - from five Brazilian cities were trained. (bvsalud.org)
  • CoPs require sustained human and financial resource investments, communication and medium-to-long-term implementation support for sustainability and impact. (bvsalud.org)
  • Outcomes were analysed at the individual level using regression methods that allowed for clustering. (uct.ac.za)
  • These methods are combined through comprehensive approaches which ensure action at all levels of society, leading to enhanced health impact. (who.int)
  • 1. As this module is focused on pedagogy, session leaders will be using a wide range of pedagogical and didactic methods varying between lecturing, dialogic approaches, group work and practical tasks, in order to exemplify the content of their session. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • The course will cover theoretical knowledge on Astronomy, Solar system, Planets and Satellites, Asteroids & Comets, Origin of the Solar System, Methods of Observational Astronomy, Stars, Universe, Extra Solar Planets, Extra-terrestrial life etc. with a total of 20 hours duration. (micpsil.com)
  • I'm Kondra Williams, and I'm representing the Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity, COCA, with the emergency risk communication branch at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • 1. Health promotion is a means of increasing individual and collective participation in health action and strengthening programmes through the integrative use of various methods. (who.int)
  • Effective risk communication is an essential element the avian influenza H5N1 and the pandemic influenza for outbreak management and health emergency A/H1N1 outbreaks in 2005 and 2009, respectively. (who.int)
  • The face-toface module was based on training regarding "Mental health communication skills for child and adolescent primary care. (bvsalud.org)
  • In combination with the health-related lock and visual communications, the chamber incorporates a total built-in style. (bearsfanteamshop.com)
  • Gross enrollment ratio is the total enrollment in preprimary/primary/secondary/tertiary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total population of official preprimary/primary/secondary/tertiary education age. (socialexplorer.com)
  • This measure calculates the percentage of total business entity personnel cost that comes from total labor cost to maintain and support the Human Resources Information System (HRIS), which refers to any information technology application used to enable the management of human resources information (e.g., payroll systems). (apqc.org)
  • The meeting addressed general principles of prevention and treatment for P/PP/L women, vaccines, antimicrobial prophylaxis and treatment, clinical considerations and critical care issues, antitoxin, delivery concerns, infection control measures, and communication. (cdc.gov)
  • Root cause analysis using the prevention and recovery information system for monitoring and analysis method in healthcare facilities: a systematic literature review. (ahrq.gov)
  • A course in Effective Communication Skills in English will go a long way in delving into and mastering the art of communication in various areas ranging from simple ordinary life situations to attending interviews. (micpsil.com)
  • This course will definitely enhance the language skills of students by equipping them to communicate effectively and learn the nuances of the fine art of communication. (micpsil.com)
  • 1 Demonstrate analytical and reflective skills and the ability to express complex ideas and arguments using a variety of methods, skills which can be transferred to other areas of study and employment. (kent.ac.uk)
  • 2 Deploy communication, group work, presentation and information technology skills. (kent.ac.uk)
  • Human and financial resource availability, competing demands for time, communication in the context of a Francophone-Anglophone official language divide and the arrival of COVID-19 were all constraints. (bvsalud.org)
  • S TATIC routing problems amount to assigning arcs (edges) ofthePottsapproachistrulylocal--whenupdatingtheMFneu- to a set of communication requests in a network, such that a rons for a particular node, only information residing at neigh- total arc cost is minimized subject to capacity constraints on the boring nodes is needed. (lu.se)
  • The methods were evaluated for vaccination effort, coverage, and cost. (cdc.gov)
  • This makes it a cost-effective solution for ensuring data integrity in various communication systems. (cyberghostvpn.com)
  • Total Annual Cost: None. (justia.com)
  • We conducted an evaluation of dog vaccination methods in Haiti to determine if more intensive, data-driven vaccination methods, using smartphones for data reporting and geo-communication, could increase vaccination coverage to a level capable of disrupting rabies virus transmission. (cdc.gov)
  • In other words, the parity bit is chosen so that the total number of ones in the data packet, including the parity bit, is either odd or even, depending on whether odd or even parity is being used. (cyberghostvpn.com)
  • Odd parity was one of the methods devised to ensure data integrity. (cyberghostvpn.com)
  • In odd parity, the parity bit is set so that the total number of ones in the data packet, including the parity bit, is odd. (cyberghostvpn.com)
  • Businesses genuinely need the data and opinions gained by the surveys you complete in order to enhance their product and to find out better methods of presenting the product to the general public. (paydayloansbsh.co.uk)
  • This study investigated official communication using Facebook during the Orroral Valley bushfires from these two emergency services agencies and considers to what extent messaging demonstrated the characteristics of effective crisis communication, including application of the National Framework for Scaled Advice and Warnings to the Community. (aidr.org.au)
  • DESIGN: A multi method exploratory study design was used. (bvsalud.org)
  • METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 12 intensive care units at a university hospital in Thailand from August to November 2022. (bvsalud.org)
  • Findings in the report highlight the need for improved communication with the public, including timely and accurate warnings, echoing recommendations from previous reviews. (aidr.org.au)
  • The certificate course in instrumental methods of analysis provides an extensive understanding of the principles of analytical chemistry and their applications in different areas. (micpsil.com)
  • Discussion: This paper provides an analysis of how people's enjoyment of culture could be a resource for understanding and advancing science communication and engagement. (sissa.it)
  • Any instructional program in business quantitative methods and management science not listed above. (myfuture.com)
  • Traditional areas utilized historical methods of vaccination staff management, whereas Technology-aided areas used smartphone-supported spatial coordination and management of vaccination teams. (cdc.gov)
  • mstockstill on DSK4VPTVN1PROD with NOTICES AGENCY: SUMMARY: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC), as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork burdens, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on the following information collection, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995. (justia.com)
  • Introduction: Engagement, education and communication with public audiences have long been seen as important for maximising the benefits of genetics and genomics. (sissa.it)
  • As such public communication about, understanding of, and engagement with genetics and genomics is an enduring and important challenge [ Green et al. (sissa.it)
  • For a review of such problems and existing routing tech- represents a key asset of the method. (lu.se)
  • There is a need to expand the use of social media for risk communication in the future. (who.int)
  • Odd parity is a concept in digital communication and computing where a binary digit (bit) is added to a set of bits to ensure that the total number of ones in the set, including the added parity bit, is an odd number. (cyberghostvpn.com)
  • The ability to work or learn effectively and harmoniously with others and to enable effective communication even under high stress. (micpsil.com)
  • METHODS: We measured fine particulate levels (PM(2.5)) using portable real-time aerosol monitors in a convenience sample of seven pubs and bars in central Wellington City. (who.int)
  • It reduces the risk of failure and uncertainty, saves your company's time and money, improves customer satisfaction and loyalty, and enhances communication and collaboration. (dataprix.com)
  • Smartphones enabled real time two-way geo-communication between campaign managers and vaccinators. (cdc.gov)
  • If you do not limit your correspondence to superficial talk, but achieve real indepth communication, you save lots of time. (paydayloansbsh.co.uk)
  • While news media remains the most important source of information during crises, government agencies are significant contributors to crisis communication as the most trusted and critical source of information. (aidr.org.au)
  • ISO 16759 focused on the quantification and communication for calculating the carbon footprint of print media products. (fespa.com)