Communicable diseases are illnesses caused by pathogens that can be transmitted from person to person through various means such as respiratory droplets, bodily fluids, or contact with contaminated surfaces.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Management of public health organizations or agencies.
A health professional's obligation to breach patient CONFIDENTIALITY to warn third parties of the danger of their being assaulted or of contracting a serious infection.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A group of techniques developed to apply scientific methods and tools to solve the problems of DECISION MAKING in complex organizations and systems. Operations research searches for optimal solutions in situations of conflicting GOALS and makes use of mathematical models from which solutions for actual problems may be derived. (From Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)
The composition of a committee; the state or status of being a member of a committee.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
The segregation of patients with communicable or other diseases for a specified time. Isolation may be strict, in which movement and social contacts are limited; modified, where an effort to control specified aspects of care is made in order to prevent cross infection; or reverse, where the patient is secluded in a controlled or germ-free environment in order to protect him or her from cross infection.
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).
The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Institutional night care of patients.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
An infant during the first month after birth.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.

The Emerging Infections Network electronic mail conference and web page. (1/1030)

In February 1997, the Emerging Infections Network (EIN) established an electronic mail conference to facilitate discussions about emerging infectious diseases and related topics among its members and public health officials. Later that year, the EIN opened its section of the Infectious Diseases Society of America's home page. The EIN Web page was developed to give its members an alternative route for responding to EIN surveys and to facilitate rapid dispersal of EIN reports. The unrestricted portion of the site allows visitors access to information about the EIN and to published EIN reports on specific topics. For the most part, these are brief summaries or abstracts. In the restricted, password-protected portion of the EIN site, members can access the detailed, original reports from EIN queries and the comprehensive listings of member observations. Search functions in both portions of the EIN site enhance the retrieval of reports and observations on specific topics.  (+info)

A plague on your city: observations from TOPOFF. (2/1030)

The United States Congress directed the Department of Justice to conduct an exercise engaging key personnel in the management of mock chemical, biological, or cyberterrorist attacks. The resulting exercise was called "TOPOFF," named for its engagement of top officials of the United States government. This article offers a number of medical and public health observations and lessons discovered during the bioterrorism component of the exercise. The TOPOFF exercise illuminated problematic issues of leadership and decision-making; the difficulties of prioritization and distribution of scarce resources; the crisis that contagious epidemics would cause in health care facilities; and the critical need to formulate sound principles of disease containment. These lessons should provoke consideration of future directions for bioterrorism planning and preparedness at all levels of government and among the many communities and practitioners with responsibilities for national security and public health.  (+info)

New insights on the emergence of cholera in Latin America during 1991: the Peruvian experience. (3/1030)

After a century of absence, in late January 1991, Vibrio cholerae invaded the Western Hemisphere by way of Peru. Although a number of theories have been proposed, it is still not understood how that invasion took place. We reviewed the clinical records of persons attending hospital emergency departments in the major coastal cities of Peru from September through January of 1989/1990 and 1990/1991. We identified seven adults suffering from severe, watery diarrhea compatible with a clinical diagnosis of cholera during the four months preceding the cholera outbreak, but none during the previous year. The patients were scattered among five coastal cities along a 1,000 km coastline. We postulate that cholera vibrios, autochthonous to the aquatic environment, were present in multiple coastal locations, and resulted from environmental conditions that existed during an El Nino phenomenon. Once introduced into the coastal communities in concentrations large enough for human infection to occur, cholera spread by the well-known means of contaminated water and food.  (+info)

Social ecosystem health: confronting the complexity and emergence of infectious diseases. (4/1030)

The emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases and their rapid dissemination worldwide are challenging national health systems, particularly in developing countries affected by extreme poverty and environmental degradation. The expectations that new vaccines and drugs and global surveillance would help reverse these trends have been frustrated thus far by the complexity of the epidemiological transition, despite promising prospects for the near future in biomolecular research and genetic engineering. This impasse raises crucial issues concerning conceptual frameworks supporting priority-setting, risk anticipation, and the transfer of science and technology's results to society. This article discusses these issues and the limitations of social and economic sciences on the one hand and ecology on the other as the main theoretical references of the health sciences in confronting the complexity of these issues on their own. The tension between these historically dissociated paradigms is discussed and a transdisciplinary approach is proposed, that of social ecosystem health, incorporating these distinct perspectives into a comprehensive framework.  (+info)

Ticks and tickborne bacterial diseases in humans: an emerging infectious threat. (5/1030)

Ticks are currently considered to be second only to mosquitoes as vectors of human infectious diseases in the world. Each tick species has preferred environmental conditions and biotopes that determine the geographic distribution of the ticks and, consequently, the risk areas for tickborne diseases. This is particularly the case when ticks are vectors and reservoirs of the pathogens. Since the identification of Borrelia burgdorferi as the agent of Lyme disease in 1982, 15 ixodid-borne bacterial pathogens have been described throughout the world, including 8 rickettsiae, 3 ehrlichiae, and 4 species of the Borrelia burgdorferi complex. This article reviews and illustrate various aspects of the biology of ticks and the tickborne bacterial diseases (rickettsioses, ehrlichioses, Lyme disease, relapsing fever borrelioses, tularemia, Q fever), particularly those regarded as emerging diseases. Methods are described for the detection and isolation of bacteria from ticks and advice is given on how tick bites may be prevented and how clinicians should deal with patients who have been bitten by ticks.  (+info)

Active bacterial core surveillance of the emerging infections program network. (6/1030)

Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) is a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and several state health departments and universities participating in the Emerging Infections Program Network. ABCs conducts population-based active surveillance, collects isolates, and performs studies of invasive disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, group A and group B Streptococcus, Neisseria meningitidis, and Haemophilus influenzae for a population of 17 to 30 million. These pathogens caused an estimated 97,000 invasive cases, resulting in 10,000 deaths in the United States in 1998. Incidence rates of these pathogens are described. During 1998, 25% of invasive pneumococcal infections in ABCs areas were not susceptible to penicillin, and 13.3% were not susceptible to three classes of antibiotics. In 1998, early-onset group B streptococcal disease had declined by 65% over the previous 6 years. More information on ABCs is available at ABCs specimens will soon be available to researchers through an archive.  (+info)

Emerging Chagas disease: trophic network and cycle of transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi from palm trees in the Amazon. (7/1030)

A trophic network involving molds, invertebrates, and vertebrates, ancestrally adapted to the palm tree (Attalaea phalerata) microhabitat, maintains enzootic Trypanosoma cruzi infections in the Amazonian county Paco do Lumiar, state of Maranhao, Brazil. We assessed seropositivity for T. cruzi infections in the human population of the county, searched in palm trees for the triatomines that harbor these infections, and gathered demographic, environmental, and socioeconomic data. Rhodnius pictipes and R. neglectus in palm-tree frond clefts or in houses were infected with T. cruzi (57% and 41%, respectively). Human blood was found in 6.8% of R. pictipes in houses, and 9 of 10 wild Didelphis marsupialis had virulent T. cruzi infections. Increasing human population density, rain forest deforestation, and human predation of local fauna are risk factors for human T. cruzi infections.  (+info)

Campylobacter jejuni Infections: update on emerging issues and trends. (8/1030)

Infection with Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis worldwide; it occurs more frequently than do infections caused by Salmonella species, Shigella species, or Escherichia coli O157:H7. In developed countries, the incidence of Campylobacter jejuni infections peaks during infancy and again during early adulthood. Most infections are acquired by the consumption and handling of poultry. A typical case is characterized by diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. Obtaining cultures of the organism from stool samples remains the best way to diagnose this infection. An alarming recent trend is the rapid emergence of antimicrobial agent--resistant Campylobacter strains all over the world. Use of antibiotics in animals used for food has accelerated this trend. It is fortunate that complications of C. jejuni infections are rare, and most patients do not require antibiotics. Guillain-Barre syndrome is now recognized as a post-infectious complication of C. jejuni infection, but its incidence is <1 per 1000 infections. Careful food preparation and cooking practices may prevent some Campylobacter infections.  (+info)

In the medical field, communicable diseases are infections that can be transmitted from one person to another through various means such as direct contact, respiratory droplets, bodily fluids, or contaminated surfaces. These diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, and can affect people of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. Examples of communicable diseases include influenza, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox, hepatitis B and C, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and foodborne illnesses. These diseases can spread rapidly in crowded or poorly ventilated environments, and can cause serious health complications if left untreated. Preventing the spread of communicable diseases involves practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly, covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, avoiding close contact with sick individuals, and getting vaccinated when possible. Healthcare professionals also play a crucial role in identifying and treating communicable diseases, as well as implementing public health measures to control their spread.

"Communicable Diseases, Emerging" refers to infectious diseases that have recently emerged or re-emerged in a population, and for which there is limited understanding or experience in controlling or preventing their spread. These diseases can be caused by new pathogens, changes in the behavior of existing pathogens, or changes in the environment or population dynamics that facilitate their transmission. Emerging communicable diseases can pose a significant public health threat, as they can rapidly spread and cause widespread illness, death, and social disruption. Examples of emerging communicable diseases include Ebola, Zika virus, SARS, and COVID-19. The emergence of these diseases is often linked to factors such as globalization, urbanization, deforestation, climate change, and the movement of people and animals across borders. To control and prevent the spread of emerging communicable diseases, public health officials and healthcare providers must work together to identify and track outbreaks, develop and implement effective prevention and control measures, and provide education and resources to the public. This requires ongoing surveillance, research, and collaboration among healthcare professionals, government agencies, and international organizations.

Measles is a highly contagious viral infection caused by the measles virus. It is characterized by a fever, cough, runny nose, and a distinctive red rash that spreads from the head to the rest of the body. Measles can also cause complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and blindness. It is primarily spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Measles is preventable through vaccination, which is recommended for all children.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It primarily affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, spine, and kidneys. TB is spread through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks, and can be transmitted to others who are nearby. TB is a serious and sometimes fatal disease, but it is treatable with a combination of antibiotics taken over several months. However, if left untreated, TB can be life-threatening and can spread to others. There are two main types of TB: latent TB and active TB. Latent TB is when the bacteria are present in the body but do not cause symptoms or harm. Active TB, on the other hand, is when the bacteria are multiplying and causing symptoms such as coughing, fever, and weight loss. TB is a major global health problem, with an estimated 10 million new cases and 1.5 million deaths each year. It is most common in low- and middle-income countries, where access to healthcare and treatment may be limited.

Diarrhea is a medical condition characterized by the passage of loose, watery stools more than three times a day. It can be acute, meaning it lasts for a short period of time, or chronic, meaning it persists for more than four weeks. Diarrhea can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, food poisoning, medications, underlying medical conditions, and stress. It can also be a symptom of other medical conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, and irritable bowel syndrome. Diarrhea can cause dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and malnutrition if it persists for an extended period of time. Treatment for diarrhea depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, dietary changes, and fluid replacement therapy. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

Influenza, Human, also known as the flu, is a highly contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. It can cause mild to severe illness, and in some cases, can lead to death. The virus is transmitted through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or by touching a surface contaminated with the virus and then touching the mouth, nose, or eyes. Symptoms of the flu can include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills, and fatigue. In severe cases, the flu can lead to pneumonia, which can be life-threatening. The flu is preventable through vaccination, and antiviral medications can be used to treat the illness.

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infections refer to the presence of the HIV virus in the body. HIV is a retrovirus that attacks and weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and diseases. HIV is transmitted through contact with infected bodily fluids, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. The most common modes of transmission include unprotected sexual contact, sharing needles or syringes, and from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. HIV infections can be diagnosed through blood tests that detect the presence of the virus or antibodies produced in response to the virus. Once diagnosed, HIV can be managed with antiretroviral therapy (ART), which helps to suppress the virus and prevent the progression of the disease to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). It is important to note that HIV is not the same as AIDS. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS, but not everyone with HIV will develop AIDS. With proper treatment and management, individuals with HIV can live long and healthy lives.

In the medical field, a chronic disease is a long-term health condition that persists for an extended period, typically for more than three months. Chronic diseases are often progressive, meaning that they tend to worsen over time, and they can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. Chronic diseases can affect any part of the body and can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Some examples of chronic diseases include heart disease, diabetes, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and arthritis. Chronic diseases often require ongoing medical management, including medication, lifestyle changes, and regular monitoring to prevent complications and manage symptoms. Treatment for chronic diseases may also involve rehabilitation, physical therapy, and other supportive care.

Centre on Population Approaches for Non Communicable Disease Prevention (CPNP); Clinical Trial Service Unit (CTSU); the Ethox ... These centres were the Cancer Epidemiology Unit (CEU); Centre for Health, Law and Emerging Technologies (HeLEX); ...
WHO Division of Emerging and other Communicable Diseases Surveillance and Control. Monath TP (1989). "The absence of yellow ... Mitchell misdiagnosed the disease that he observed and treated, and the disease was probably Weil's disease or hepatitis. ... Control of Communicable Diseases Manual (20th ed.). Amer Public Health Assn. 2015. ISBN 978-0-87553-018-5. Chastel C (August ... Wikipedia infectious disease articles ready to translate, Tropical diseases, Vaccine-preventable diseases). ...
Journal of Infectious Diseases. 181: 244-248. doi:10.1086/315570. PMID 10657222. Shubnikov, Eugene. "Non-communicable Diseases ... Wharton, Melinda; Vitek, Charles (1998). "Diphtheria in the Former Soviet Union: Reemergence of a Pandemic Disease". Emerging ... The Asante emerged as a regional force capable political sway. With the power to set the agenda, the authoritarian party often ... In Eritrea, the ruling party emerging in 1970 was the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and with control of the state ...
Journal of Infectious Diseases. 181: 244-248. doi:10.1086/315570. PMID 10657222. Shubnikov, Eugene. "Non-communicable Diseases ... Wharton, Melinda; Vitek, Charles (1998). "Diphtheria in the Former Soviet Union: Reemergence of a Pandemic Disease". Emerging ... It emerged as a superpower in the post-war period. Once denied diplomatic recognition by the Western world, the USSR had ... A black market emerged in Russia, despite the threat of martial law against profiteering. The ruble collapsed, with barter ...
Barrett AD, Stanberry LR (2009). Vaccines for Biodefense and Emerging and Neglected Diseases. Academic Press. p. 612. ISBN ... The Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Communicable Disease Surveillance 2007 Annual Report states the following ... Bat diseases, Cat diseases, Dog diseases, Neurological disorders, Wikipedia infectious disease articles ready to translate, ... Slow virus diseases, Tropical diseases, Vaccine-preventable diseases, Viral encephalitis, Viral infections of the central ...
Cancer Care in emerging health systems, 2013" (PDF). "Why Are We So Meek in Demanding Treatment for Non-Communicable Disease ... "Eminent Champion of the fight against Non-communicable diseases" on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases ( ... "Eminent Champion of the fight against Non-communicable diseases" on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases ( ... She is a leading global advocate for Cancer Control and Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). She was the President of the Union ...
"Water-related Diseases." Communicable Diseases 2001. World Health Organization. 31 Oct 2008 <"WHO , Water-related Diseases". ... Magill, Alan J. (2013). Hunter's tropical medicine and emerging infectious diseases (9th ed.). London: Saunders/Elsevier. pp. ... Hawker, Jeremy (2012). "3.56". Communicable disease control and health protection handbook (3rd ed.). Chichester, UK: Wiley- ... Symptoms are similar to those of many other infectious diseases. Typhus is a different disease. While no vaccine is available ...
Journal of Infectious Diseases. 181: 244-248. doi:10.1086/315570. PMID 10657222. Shubnikov, Eugene. "Non-communicable Diseases ... Wharton, Melinda; Vitek, Charles (1998). "Diphtheria in the Former Soviet Union: Reemergence of a Pandemic Disease". Emerging ... Additional people's republics emerged following the Allied victory in World War II, mainly within the Soviet Union's Eastern ... rates of disease, infant mortality, domestic violence, and income inequality, along with decreases in calorie intake, life ...
... education in communicable disease control; innovation in mobile phone use; low technology simulation training; local product ... Reverse innovation has been identified as a key emerging trend in global health systems. Key health areas where low-income ...
On March 11 reports emerged that the pigs were infected with disease, but none communicable to humans. Some environmentalists ... this weather may have triggered an outbreaks of diarrhea and other common diseases. Understanding of livestock law was rather ...
In 2008, Hall returned to WHO as Team Leader for Emerging Infectious Diseases. After this assignment, she was seconded to the ... She then became the Coordinator for Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response Team in Beijing from 2003 till 2006. She ...
Both initiatives include diabetes in a set of major non-communicable diseases. Its discontinuance by PAHO notwithstanding, ... Useful lessons emerged: the relevance of process-related targets to achieve short to medium term success; the value of broadly ... Similar work has emerged from Nigeria. In Sweden, a National Diabetes Registry established in response to the St Vincent ... to drive the unanimous adoption of the resolution for the September 2011 UN High-level Meeting on non-communicable diseases. In ...
... in the period of transition from scarcity and extensive undernutrition to emerging nutrition-related non-communicable diseases ...
2003). "Brucellosis" (PDF). Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals. Volume 1 (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: ... Seleem, MN; Boyle, SM; Sriranganathan, N (27 January 2010). "Brucellosis: a re-emerging zoonosis". Veterinary Microbiology. 140 ... Swine diseases, Bacterial diseases, Biological weapons, Theriogenology, Hyphomicrobiales). ... The disease typically causes chronic inflammatory lesions in the reproductive organs of susceptible animals or orchitis, and ...
... musculoskeletal diseases and mental health problems. Emerging problems are obesity, chronic lung diseases and type 2 diabetes. ... It had the lowest rate of death from communicable diseases in Europe (9 per 100,000) in 2015. The most significant public ... dementia and Alzheimer's disease, respiratory diseases, alcohol related diseases and accidental poisoning by alcohol. In 2010 ... dementia and Alzheimer's disease, respiratory diseases, alcohol related diseases and accidental poisoning by alcohol. In 2010 ...
... and their team at SEARCH work on non-communicable diseases as those are emerging as a priority area. A ... Rani Bang first brought to the notice of the world that rural women had a large hidden burden of gynaecological diseases. She ... in 86 villages of Gadchiroli district has shown that rural people fall prey to lifestyle diseases like stroke which emerged as ... He advocates the need for an alcohol- and tobacco-free society since, per the Global Burden of Diseases 2015, alcohol and ...
... including mortality from communicable diseases. However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the countries' rankings in the GHSI did ... Emerging research suggests that the country scores of the index reliably predict several important health-related outcome ... United States on the GHS Index Score did not reflect its preparedness to respond to potentially catastrophic infectious disease ... and rank do not indicate that the country is adequately prepared to respond to potentially catastrophic infectious disease ...
A trend has emerged, particularly in the early 2000s, in which numerous studies have revealed a link between fast food and an ... A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include ... List of countries by risk of death from non-communicable disease Chronic disease Global health The INCTR Challenge Fund project ... Most are non-infectious, although there are some non-communicable infectious diseases, such as parasitic diseases in which the ...
This includes emerging or re-emerging diseases. It was first published as the Relevé Hebdomadaire by a group of epidemiologists ... New and potential diseases". Communicable Disease Epidemiology and Control: A Global Perspective (2nd ed.). CABI. p. 284. ISBN ... This includes emerging or re-emerging diseases. The Weekly Epidemiological Record was first published by a group of ... information about outbreaks of diseases under the International Health Regulations and about communicable diseases of public ...
Centre for Emerging Zoonotic and Parasitic Diseases Centre for Enteric Diseases Centre for Healthcare-Associated Infections, ... The main goal of the NICD is to be the national organ for South Africa for public health surveillance of communicable disease. ... The NICD serves as a resource of knowledge and expertise of communicable diseases to the South African Government, Southern ... The National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) is the national public health institute of South Africa, providing ...
"Emerging Infectious Diseases' Program, Laboratories (Eidl)". MUWRP. Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-09 ... Since 2007, MUWRP has broadened their scope of work to address other communicable disease threats as well. In 2007, MUWRP ... To monitor and investigate communicable disease threats of public health importance to Uganda; and develop, evaluate and ... surveillance of and response to emerging infectious diseases. The current MUWRP program supports surveillance of influenza and ...
... and most are attributed to communicable diseases. Communicable diseases are infectious diseases that "can be passed between ... in addition to emerging health epidemics such as chronic heart disease, hypertension, stroke, and diabetes. Diseases once ... More specifically, the DBD refers to the dual burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases (NCD). Today, over 90 per ... the disease burden for low-to-middle countries is exacerbated by the rising rate of non-communicable diseases. This is often ...
... ranking it 2nd in the epidemiology category and 4th in the communicable diseases category. The journal is indexed in PubMed, ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. CDC. Retrieved 2016-08-18. "CDC - National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases ... Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal published by the Centers for Disease Control and ... "Emerging infectious diseases. - NLM Catalog - NCBI". Retrieved 2020-01-20. "Journal Citation Reports" ( ...
Geo-simulation tools for Simulating Spatial-temporal Spread Patterns and Evaluating Health Outcomes of Communicable Diseases ( ... a strong academic-public-industry partnership to address key public health issues relevant to emerging infectious diseases ... Wu founded the Centre for Disease Modelling, and in 2016, he became the founding Scientific Director of The Disaster, Emergency ... "Infectious Disease Modelling". KeAi. Retrieved April 1, 2017. "the Canadian Applied and Industrial Mathematical Society's ...
But, recent surge in Non communicable diseases has emerged as the main public health concern and this accounts for more than ... Disease burden by cause Dividing the diseases in three common groups of communicable diseases, non- communicable disease (NCD) ... malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases" and the ... Disease burden or burden of disease is a concept used to describe the death and loss of health due to diseases, injuries and ...
Then amongst the scare of HIV and rising concern of other communicable diseases to healthcare workers the creation of safety ... As of the last few years new designs have emerged that work on a needle that is low dead space and fits onto and transforms ... Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition [1359-2998] Bhambhani yr:2005 vol:90 iss:5 pg:F444 -5 Trickey, A ... Specifically, there is some data to suggest that disease transmission for people who inject drugs and carry Hepatitis C virus ...
... the country is suffering from triple burden of equally significant non-communicable disease burden and emerging Injury problems ... WHO: Neglected tropical diseases, hidden successes, emerging opportunities.Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases ... Ethiopia experiences a triple burden of disease mainly attributed to communicable infectious diseases and nutritional ... of chronic respiratory diseases, 7% cancers, 2% diabetes and 12% other non-communicable diseases from 39% total mortality. ...
... and communicable diseases such as typhoid and cholera. Factories and slums emerged as regular features of the urban landscape. ... This type of ranking exemplifies an emerging discourse in which cities, considered variations on the same ideal type, must ... Chaunglin Fang & Danlin Yu, "Urban agglomeration: An evolving concept of an emerging phenomenon Archived 16 November 2018 at ... Bibri, Simon Elias; Krogstie, John; Kärrholm, Mattias (2020). "Compact city planning and development: Emerging practices and ...
... in a similar way to prevention efforts for communicable and other diseases. In 1962, Gomez, referring to the WHO definition of ... Evidence is emerging for the effectiveness of several other primary prevention strategies-those that: combine microfinance with ... "Global Burden of Disease, Disease and injury regional estimates" Archived 2010-12-24 at the Wayback Machine, World Health ... "Global Burden of Disease" Archived 2010-12-24 at the Wayback Machine, World Health Organization, 2008. Rosenberg ML, Butchart A ...
He also worked as a regional advisor in Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response at the Western Pacific regional office ... He also served as an advisor to WHO during the SARS pandemic in China which emerged in the early 2000s. In July 2017, he became ... He also became a member of the New Infectious Disease Control Advisor Team in 2018. In May 2018, he became the chairman of the ... he was appointed as a member of the Expert Council for Countermeasures against New Coronavirus Infectious Diseases, which was ...
Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1995;1(1):36. doi:10.3201/eid0101.950109.. APA. Longbottom, H. (1995). Communicable Diseases ... CDI is available from: The Editor Communicable Diseases Intelligence AIDS and Communicable Diseases Branch Department of Human ... It has fortnightly teleconferences and other meetings to exchange information on emerging communicable disease activity and to ... Communicable Diseases Intelligence. Volume 1, Number 1-January 1995. Article Views: 338. Data is collected weekly and does not ...
Results of search for su:{Communicable diseases, Emerging} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently ... Emerging infectious diseases from the global to the local perspective : a summary of a workshop of the Forum on Emerging ... Communicable diseases 2002 : global defence against the infectious disease threat / edited by Mary Kay Kindhauser. by ... Communicable diseases 2002 : global defence against the infectious disease threat.; .Availability: Items available for loan: ...
For example, a disease might be added to the list as a new pathogen emerges, or a disease might be deleted as its incidence ... Control of communicable diseases manual. 17th ed. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2000. ... Graphs and Maps for Selected Notifiable Diseases in the United States PART 3. Historical Summaries of Notifiable Diseases in ... Meningococcal Disease CDC. Prevention and control of meningococcal disease, and meningococal disease and college students: ...
Non-communicable diseases typically cause 81 percent of deaths annually ... Emerging trends expected to power Vietnams tourism boom: study 1 day ago ... There are many risk factors for non-communicable diseases such as smoking, drinking too much alcohol, improper nutrition, and ... Roughly 23 million Vietnamese people suffer from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which are the leading cause of death in ...
Best practices in ranking emerging infectious disease threats. Stockholm; European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control; ... The 15 diseases with the highest incidence were food and waterborne diseases (5 diseases), vaccine-preventable diseases (7 ... which includes information about 30 notifiable communicable diseases, showed that the top reported communicable diseases in ... The MoHP National Electronic Diseases Surveillance System for Communicable Diseases (2006-2013) was the source of the data on ...
Categories: Communicable Diseases, Emerging Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ...
It also highlights major emerging threats, opportunities and priorities in the fight against commu- nicable and non- ... Communicable and non-communicable diseases in Africa in 2021/22. This report is one of the first major products of the newly ... The report presents national trends in communicable and non-communicable disease burden and control in the WHO African region. ... disease incidence due to HIV, tuberculosis and four major noncommunicable diseases (cardiovas- cular diseases, cancers, ...
Communicable disease control. In: Gregg MB, ed. The public health consequences of disasters. Atlanta: US Department of Health ... Chloramphenicol-resistant typhoid fever -- an emerging problem in Oman. Scand J Infect Dis 1992;24:819-20. * Blaser MJ, Hickman ... Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases National Center for Infectious Diseases John C. Watson, MD, MPH Epidemiology and ... The efficacy of vaccination with Ty21a has not been studied among persons from areas without endemic disease who travel to ...
Study Infectious and communicable diseases flashcards from Wilma Fernandes's auckland university class online, or in ... Most recent emerging infection; has a 30% death rate. First seen in Saudi Arabia. Can transfer from person to person; may have ... Communicable disease is readily transmitted from one individual to another. An example of a non-communicable disease is disease ... Infectious and communicable diseases Flashcards Preview imaging pathology , Infectious and communicable diseases , Flashcards ...
Communicable Diseases, Emerging, Fascioliasis, Trachoma, Communicable Diseases, Research, Chagas Diseases, African ... It presents images related to Communicable Diseases Emerging. Images and contents may be freely reviewed, abstracted, ... Communicable Diseases, Buruli Ulcer, Chagas Disease, Cholera, Dengue, Dracunculiasis, Fascioliasis, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, ... Communicable Diseases, Public Health, Buruli Ulcer, Chagas Disease, Cholera, Dengue, Dracunculiasis, Fascioliasis, ...
A new virus can emerge from anywhere and quickly spread around the world. It is hard to predict when or where the next new ... Local Communicable Disease Risks. History of communicable diseases in Williamson County. Communicable diseases pose one of the ... Communicable Diseases A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that ... Communicable diseases fall into two broad categories: human or zoonotic. Examples of human-spread diseases with a history of ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333. David L. Heymann, Emerging and Other Communicable Diseases ... Laurence Slutsker, Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Centers for Disease ... Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, and International Health Program Office, Centers for ... Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, and International Health Program Office, Centers for ...
It presents images related to Communicable Diseases Emerging. Images and contents may be freely reviewed, abstracted, ... It presents informations about neglected tropical diseases and brings details about the diseases such as blinding trachoma, ... Blog from TropIKA, a innitiative from WHO, which presents texts related to tropical disease research. Posts can be found by ... diseases or regions, as also by the search engine.. Ver mais detalhes ...
Intregration of Emerging diseases in the Curricula of Nurses, Community Health Officers, and Nutritionist took place in Sierra ... Communicable diseases- epidemic prone communicable diseases egs viral haemorrhagic fevers such as EVD, Lassa fever, Marburg, ... Public Health Nursing- Emerging infectious diseases: epidemiology, prevention and control; preparedness for epidemic outbreaks ... Tailor made training: Integration of emerging diseases curriculum of health workers. News ...
Communicable diseases and routes of transmission. Drinking water quality. Water and wastewater pollution. Greywater and ... Emerging issues in environmental public health.. ESC 506 Waste Minimization, Recycling and Clean Technologies (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 6 ... Emerging contaminants. Water reuse regulations and guidelines. Water reuse technologies. Removal of trace constituents. ...
Diabetes is one of the worlds fastest-growing non-communicable diseases. According to the latest IDF Diabetes Atlas, 463 ... Diabetes has emerged as a significant contributor to death and disability worldwide, responsible for 4.2 million deaths in 2019 ...
Communicable Diseases, Emerging, Influenza, Human, Vaccines Noções Básicas em soros e vacinas. ...
How Does North Carolina Law Provide for Communicable Disease Control Measures for Emerging Diseases Like COVID-19?, by Jill ... How Will We Know if COVID-19 is in North Carolina? A Look at the States Communicable Disease Reporting Laws, by Jill Moore ( ... New Legislation: Disclosing Communicable Disease Information to Law Enforcement to Prevent or Lessen a Serious or Imminent ...
... vaccine preventable diseases and migrants and Cross-border emerging zoonoses are operated by the national institutes of France ... In 2006 the EpiSouth Project was started as a framework for collaboration for communicable diseases surveillance and training ... a preliminary survey on vaccine-preventable diseases and migrants performed, and a list of priorities for emerging zoonoses in ... the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the Italian Ministry of Work, Health and Social Policies and the ...
Non-communicable diseases, food and nutrition in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015: The burden and national response ... This review shows that noncommunicable diseases, their risk factors and unhealthy lifestyles are emerging problems in Vietnam. ... Infectious and tropical diseases (1) Apply Infectious and tropical diseases filter *Maternal and child health: Gender (1) Apply ... Nutrition and infectious disease (4) Apply Nutrition and infectious disease filter *Nutrition: Gender (2) Apply Nutrition: ...
Communicable diseases x * Business and Economics x * Finance and accounting x * Fiscal sector x ... Development economics & emerging economies (1) * Economic & financial crises & disasters (1) * Economic Forecasting (1) ...
... a virologist at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases in South Africa, told The New York Times. ... Will the coronavirus ever stop mutating? Experts explain how Omicron and other variants emerge By Martin Finucane Globe Staff, ... It will take about two weeks for more clarity to emerge on the potential danger posed by Omicron, experts say. Key questions ... Anthony Fauci, the nations top infectious disease doctor, said at a briefing of the White House COVID-19 response team on ...
... focusing instead on communicable diseases, which kill far fewer people. New York, with its ambitious and highly praised public ... There is an underappreciated truth about disease: it will harm you even if you never get it. Disease reverberates outward, and ... Diabetes is "the Rodney Dangerfield of diseases," said Dr. James L. Rosenzweig, the director of disease management at the ... Diabetics are two to four times more likely than others to develop heart disease or have a stroke, and three times more likely ...
... diseases ... Emerging ... communicable ...
Physical inactivity has emerged as a leading risk factor for non-communicable diseases, and is estimated to cause nearly 3. ...
  • This study aimed to provide information for decision-making to reduce the burden of communicable diseases in Egypt by analysis of the surveillance data for 2006-2013 to identify trends in the incidence of the diseases by governorate, season, age and sex. (
  • The Network comprises representatives of the Australian Department of Human Services and Health, the State and Territory health authorities, and other organizations involved in communicable disease surveillance and control from throughout the country. (
  • Roughly 23 million Vietnamese people suffer from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which are the leading cause of death in Vietnam, Prof. Nguyen Lan Viet, vice-president of the Vietnam National Heart Association, revealed at a conference in Ho Chi Minh City on Tuesday. (
  • He said NCDs typically cause 81 percent of deaths annually, with 41 percent of them dying before the age of 70, accounting for 74 percent of the financial burden for disease treatment. (
  • Programmes are in place to address the country's public health concerns in communicable as well as noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and other areas such as water, sanitation and environment. (
  • Our broader aim is to move beyond the debate in the research literature about the potential for leveraging the 'HIV service system' to accommodate the projected increase of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) many of which require chronic care services [ 18 - 23 ]. (
  • The rise in appointments was seen in cities like Bangalore and Pune with a growth of 58% and 38% respectively as compared to 2015 "Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) top the list of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) which now account for 62% of deaths in India. (
  • The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. (
  • In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing rapidly [ 1 ], placing a growing burden on already weak health systems in the region [ 2 , 3 ]. (
  • Additionally, the witnessed emergence and re-emergence of infectious disease outbreaks such as Ebola and the growing burden of Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) further pose a grave threat to the health and lives of millions in Africa. (
  • CDI also publishes timely reports of communicable disease outbreaks and other articles dealing with a wide range of subjects relevant to the surveillance and control of communicable diseases in Australia. (
  • Improve our Preparedness for Disease Outbreaks and Emerging Population Health Issues. (
  • The course, financed by EP-Nuffic, focused on identifying and addressing gaps in the curriculum to prepare the future health professionals on outbreaks of emerging diseases. (
  • Although coxsackievirus A16 has historically been the primary etiologic agent of HFMD in the United States, CVA6 has emerged as the cause in many recently reported outbreaks ( 1 - 5 ). (
  • Similarities between the social gradients in COVID-19, influenza/pneumonia and cardiovascular disease mortality, the lack of sex differences in these effects, and the partial mediation of lifestyle factors suggest that better social policies are crucial to alleviate the general medical burden, including from the current, and potential future, viral pandemics. (
  • Collecting COB data, though limited in scope, has helped to identify a differential disease burden in recently arrived migrants or refugees, leading to national targeted prevention and treatment programmes for migrants emigrating from countries with high-burden disease, e.g. tuberculosis and chronic hepatitis B in South Asian migrants. (
  • The most relevant needs are a high burden of disease and a lack of capacity of first-contact providers. (
  • Each issue of CDI incorporates reports from Australia's national communicable diseases surveillance systems, including the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, the CDI Laboratory Reporting Schemes, and the Australian Sentinel General Practitioner Surveillance Network. (
  • ABSTRACT The Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population surveillance system provides data about notifiable communicable diseases. (
  • COB is commonly collected for most notifiable diseases, however other variables used to describe the ethnocultural identity of cases vary ( Box 1 ). (
  • As listed on the state or jurisdiction-specific notifiable diseases form online and/or through personal communication with state and territory Health Departments. (
  • Data on ethnicity and whether English is the preferred language spoken at home (Y/N) are collected in Queensland for some notifiable diseases. (
  • COB and LSH not routinely collected in South Australia but included for some priority notifiable diseases, i.e. sexually transmitted infections and food-related diseases. (
  • It has fortnightly teleconferences and other meetings to exchange information on emerging communicable disease activity and to coordinate surveillance and control activities. (
  • Committee to Review the Department of Defense Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System, Medical Follow-Up Agency, Institute of Medicine. (
  • Additional cases were reported from Connecticut, Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania through the National Molecular Subtyping Network for Foodborne Disease Surveillance (PulseNet). (
  • La présente étude avait pour objectif d'orienter la prise de décision visant à réduire la charge des maladies transmissibles en Égypte au moyen de l'analyse des données de surveillance entre 2006 et 2013, ainsi qu'à identifier les tendances de l'incidence des maladies par gouvernorat, saison, âge et sexe. (
  • In 2006 the EpiSouth Project was started as a framework for collaboration for communicable diseases surveillance and training in the Mediterranean Basin. (
  • In Australia, there is no national strategy to support the collection of ethnocultural data in communicable disease surveillance. (
  • In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status is routinely collected in communicable disease surveillance. (
  • Despite these challenges, the ethnocultural data currently collected during routine communicable disease surveillance have assisted in disease prevention and control in Australia. (
  • According to World Health Organization (WHO), Non-Communicable Disease fact sheet 2017, equivalent to 70% of all deaths globally. (
  • The project is coordinated by the Italian national public health institute and three work packages (WPs) Cross-border epidemic intelligence, vaccine preventable diseases and migrants and Cross-border emerging zoonoses are operated by the national institutes of France, Bulgaria and Greece. (
  • Five electronic bulletins were published, two trainings for 63 participants performed, national epidemic intelligence systems were evaluated, a preliminary survey on vaccine-preventable diseases and migrants performed, and a list of priorities for emerging zoonoses in the Mediterranean area was selected. (
  • This review shows that noncommunicable diseases, their risk factors and unhealthy lifestyles are emerging problems in Vietnam. (
  • The authors suggest that although policies for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases were available, their implementation needs to be combined with strengthened law enforcement and increased program coverage. (
  • Recently published items have reported, for example, the first identification of endemically acquired hepatitis E in the Northern Territory of Australia, an outbreak of influenza in a nursing home, the epidemiology of hepatitis A in South Australia, the epidemiology of Barmah Forest virus disease in Western Australia, and the outbreak of respiratory disease in humans and horses due to a previously unrecognized paramyxovirus. (
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (
  • One in three children born in the United States five years ago are expected to become diabetic in their lifetimes, according to a projection by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • It presents informations about neglected tropical diseases and brings details about the diseases such as blinding trachoma, buruli ulcer, cholera, dengue/dengue haemorrhagic fever, dracunculiasis (gui. (
  • It is well established that ethnocultural groups of migrants are associated with a differential risk of communicable disease, including measles, tuberculosis and hepatitis B. Global public health agencies 1 are now focusing on improving the collection of ethnocultural data to better define communicable disease risk in migrant populations to support community-level disease prevention and control. (
  • While COB helps to identify disease risk in newly arrived refugees or migrants, communicable disease risk related to ethnocultural group remains underexplored for generations of Australian-born residents. (
  • As of December 2008, 26 countries from southern Europe, the Balkans, North Africa and the Middle-East are members of EpiSouth and several international organisations and institutions collaborate: the European Commission (EC), the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the Italian Ministry of Work, Health and Social Policies and the World Health Organization (WHO). (
  • Forum on Emerging Infections, Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine. (
  • In August and in October 2016 a tailor made training (TMT) course on integration of emerging infections in the Curricula of Nurses, Community Health Officers, and Nutritionist was conducted at Njala University in Sierra Leone for teachers of the School of Community Health Scientist. (
  • According to World Health Organization (WHO), mortality and global health estimates of 2015, Ischaemic heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive lung disease, and lower respiratory infections have been the cause for maximum number of deaths during the past decade. (
  • The George Institute for Global Health is delighted to announce the launch of The Scan , a new podcast exploring the latest research, emerging evidence, and progress towards improving health outcomes in non-communicable diseases and injury around the world. (
  • This conference brings essential conversations about Africa to Africa - conversations on topics like pandemic preparedness, increasing local vaccine production, tackling infectious and non-communicable diseases and African leadership in health,", said Professor Agnes Binagwaho, CPHIA 2022 Co-chair. (
  • Communicable diseases- epidemic prone communicable diseases egs viral haemorrhagic fevers such as EVD, Lassa fever, Marburg, dengue. (
  • With busier lifestyles, unhealthy diet patterns, including the consumption of junk food and tobacco, and alcohol, are factors making the future generation more prone to contracting diseases due to a weak immune system. (
  • There was evidence of a log-linear trend in the deprivation-fatal COVID-19 association, of similar magnitude to the equivalent trends for the associations between deprivation and fatal influenza or pneumonia and fatal cardiovascular disease. (
  • Dr Chuang Shuk-kwan, head of the Centre for Health Protection's communicable disease branch, urged customers who visited the restaurant between September 30 and October 3 to see a doctor if they felt unwell, or get a specimen bottle for testing from one of the city's public outpatient clinics if they were worried about exposure. (
  • case management and Triage with complete end to end Disease Management and Control globally remotely anytime anywhere 24x7x365 days no appointments need this will be a big game changer and Innovation. (
  • It is probably due to harmful toxins in the atmosphere resulting in acute respiratory infection (ARI), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (and) interstitial lung diseases (ILD) etc. are emerging as major health problems. (
  • Communicable Diseases Intelligence (CDI) is a fortnightly publication of the Australian Department of Human Services and Health and the Communicable Diseases Network of Australia and New Zealand. (
  • On 17 July 2019 the Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo was declared a public health emergency of international concern. (
  • Viet quoted statistics compiled by the Ministry of Health in 2021 and Globocan, an online database providing global cancer statistics, saying 17 million local people were suffering from high blood pressure, 4.6 million were having diabetes, 1.5 million were having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and 354,000 were living with cancer. (
  • The MoH is the central authority responsible for the development of health policy and for all other stewardship functions, as well as for organizing and provision of quality and comprehensive health-care services, including health promotion, disease prevention, curative and rehabilitative services. (
  • The rapid evolution in disease burdens in low- and middle income countries is forcing policy makers to re-orient their health system towards a system which has the capability to simultaneously address infectious and non-communicable diseases. (
  • Essential health checks or screenings are tests that are carried out by a medical doctor to check for diseases and health conditions, even before you may have any symptoms. (
  • These data are collected either via general practitioners recording this information on the disease notification form and/or public health unit staff recording the data during follow-up interviews with individual cases. (
  • APIs provide health benefits and are used in disease diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. (
  • CPHIA 2022 is a great opportunity to come together as leaders in the public health sector and discuss building more resilient systems that will allow our countries to better respond to emerging health threats while continuing to address long-standing infectious and non-communicable diseases," he added. (
  • Practo's 2016 Healthcare Map shows increase in patients visiting specialists due to growing concerns over chronic ailments like respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, spine, and gastric conditions. (
  • Rapid urbanization and a fast-paced socio-economic development is contributing to the rising incidence of cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma), diabetes, hypertension etc. (
  • Respiratory diseases are no longer restricted to the elderly but are now being detected in younger age groups as well. (
  • Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, with 17.7 million deaths annually, followed by cancers (8.8 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million) contributing over 80% of all premature NCD deaths. (
  • Many foreign companies are entering the emerging economies through partnerships as they see developed countries as matured markets in terms of revenue growth. (
  • Substandard drinking water is responsible for causing a host of water-borne communicable diseases, mostly in the emerging economies. (
  • The 15 diseases with the highest incidence were food and waterborne diseases (5 diseases), vaccine-preventable diseases (7 diseases) and others, e.g. hepatitis C infection. (
  • Longbottom H. Communicable Diseases Intelligence. (
  • Diabetes is the only major disease in the city that is growing, both in the number of new cases and the number of people it kills. (
  • Diabetes in turn also puts patients at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). (
  • CPHIA 2022, hosted by the African Union and Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) in partnership with the Government of Rwanda, will include remarks from several distinguished speakers including H.E. Macky Sall, President of the Republic of Senegal and Chairperson of the African Union, Rt. (
  • We hope these findings better equip our healthcare providers to understand disease patterns and address them effectively. (
  • Posts can be found by diseases or regions, as also by the search engine. (
  • And it is growing quickly, even as other scourges like heart disease and cancers are stable or in decline. (
  • On any given day, hospital officials say, nearly half the patients are there for some trouble precipitated by the disease. (
  • There are clear indications that the Zambian government is intending to expand this reach to patients with non-communicable diseases. (
  • Communicable diseases 2002 : global defence against the infectious disease threat / edited by Mary Kay Kindhauser. (
  • Global defence against the infectious disease threat. (
  • What are the treatments for infectious diseases? (
  • There are treatments for some infectious diseases, such as antibiotic , antiviral, antifungal and anti-parasitic medicines. (
  • Blog from TropIKA, a innitiative from WHO, which presents texts related to tropical disease research. (
  • The report is a comprehensive look at the disease and illness trends across India. (
  • We release this annually to highlight the disease trends facing India. (
  • Emerging markets of China and India are expected to overtake US and other matured markets (accounting for 60% of global market) in the processed food, and this will drive the demand for food additives. (
  • Objectives To investigate sex differences in the effects of social deprivation on COVID-19 mortality and to place these effects in context with other diseases. (
  • There are many risk factors for non-communicable diseases such as smoking, drinking too much alcohol, improper nutrition, and lack of necessary daily physical activities. (