Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Pentalogy of Cantrell
Commotio cordis and the epidemiology of sudden death in competitive lacrosse. (1/5)(+info)
A case of commotio cordis caused by steering wheel injury. (2/5)We report a rare case of commotio cordis caused by traffic injury. The patient was a 60-year-old female driver who suffered severe steering wheel impact to the chest during a head-on collision in which her car overturned. She had no history of cardiac disease. Emergency medical services arrived at the scene within 12 minutes of the accident. Evidence of ventricular fibrillation led the paramedics to carry out immediate defibrillation with an automated external defibrillator. Restoration of spontaneous circulation was confirmed within 2 minutes, along with establishment of sinus rhythm and normal wave form on electrocardiography. The patient was transported to our hospital in an emergency helicopter. General examination revealed chest bruising, and computed tomography of the chest showed pulmonary contusions; there was no other evidence of critical injury. We performed endotracheal intubation, as the patient had consciousness disturbance, and then initiated hypothermic therapy in the intensive care unit. Meanwhile, the hemodynamics remained stable, and there was no recurrence of arrhythmia. On day 15, the patient's consciousness improved, and she was able to communicate. Two months later, she was transported to another hospital for rehabilitation. (+info)
Evaluation of cardiac arrhythmia among athletes. (3/5)(+info)
A patient with commotio cordis successfully resuscitated by bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator. (4/5)Sudden deaths of children and adolescents during competitive sports are usually due to congenital heart diseases. Ventricular fibrillation, however, may also occur in individuals with no underlying cardiac disease who have sustained a low-impact chest wall blow. This phenomenon is described as commotio cordis, and the overall survival rate is poor. Successful resuscitation can be achieved by prompt cardiopulmonary resuscitation and early defibrillation. We report a teenager who sustained a chest wall blow that resulted in a cardiac arrest during a rugby competition. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was given by bystanders. The ambulance crew arrived with an automated external defibrillator. Ventricular fibrillation was detected and responded to defibrillation. Subsequent investigations including imaging and electrophysiological studies did not reveal any cardiac or brain abnormality, and the patient recovered well neurologically. Accessible cardiopulmonary resuscitation-trained personnel and automated external defibrillators should be present at all organised sporting events. (+info)
Marked variability in susceptibility to ventricular fibrillation in an experimental commotio cordis model. (5/5)(+info)
Causes: The most common cause of commotio cordis is a blow to the chest or abdomen that is strong enough to disrupt the normal functioning of the heart. This can be caused by a fall, a car accident, or a sports injury.
Symptoms: Symptoms of commotio cordis can include loss of consciousness, no breathing, and no pulse. In some cases, there may be external signs of trauma such as bruising or bleeding at the site of the blow.
Treatment: Treatment of commotio cordis usually involves cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to restore blood flow and oxygenation to the brain and other vital organs. In some cases, a cardiac implantable device such as an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) may be recommended to prevent future episodes of commotio cordis.
Prognosis: The prognosis for commotio cordis is generally poor, with mortality rates ranging from 5% to 40%. However, the outcome can vary depending on the severity of the injury, the promptness and effectiveness of treatment, and the underlying health of the individual.
Prevention: Prevention of commotio cordis is difficult, but it can be reduced by avoiding activities that involve high-impact blows to the chest or abdomen, wearing appropriate protective gear such as helmets and pads during sports, and being aware of one's surroundings and potential hazards.
In conclusion, commotio cordis is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that can occur after a blow to the chest or abdomen. Prompt recognition and treatment are essential to improve outcomes. While prevention is difficult, awareness of the risk and appropriate precautions can help reduce the likelihood of this condition occurring.
There are two main types of ectopia cordis:
1. Extraluminal ectopia cordis: In this type, the heart is located outside the chest cavity but still within the pleura (a thin membrane that surrounds the lungs).
2. Intrathoracic ectopia cordis: In this type, the heart is located within the chest cavity but not properly enclosed by the rib cage and sternum.
Ectopia cordis can be caused by various genetic mutations or environmental factors during fetal development. Diagnosis is typically made through ultrasound examination during pregnancy or after birth through chest X-ray, CT scan, or MRI. Treatment options for ectopia cordis include surgical repair, which may involve repositioning the heart within the chest cavity or closing the defect in the chest wall. In some cases, the condition may be fatal, and palliative care may be necessary to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.
The term "ectopia cordis" comes from the Greek words "ektos," meaning "outside," and "kordis," meaning "heart." It was first described in the medical literature in the late 19th century, and since then, there have been several case reports and small series published on this rare condition.
Types of Thoracic Injuries:
1. Rib fractures: These are common in people who have been involved in a traumatic event, such as a car accident or fall.
2. Pneumothorax: This is when air leaks into the space between the lungs and chest wall, causing the lung to collapse.
3. Hemothorax: This is when blood accumulates in the space between the lungs and chest wall.
4. Pulmonary contusions: These are bruises on the lung tissue caused by blunt trauma to the chest.
5. Flail chest: This is a condition where two or more ribs are broken and the affected segment of the chest wall is unable to move properly.
6. Thoracic spine injuries: These can include fractures, dislocations, or compressions of the vertebrae in the upper back.
7. Injuries to the aorta or pulmonary artery: These can be caused by blunt trauma to the chest and can lead to life-threatening bleeding.
Symptoms of Thoracic Injuries:
1. Chest pain or tenderness
2. Difficulty breathing
3. Coughing up blood
4. Sudden shortness of breath
5. Pain in the shoulder or arms
6. Bluish tinge to the skin (cyanosis)
7. Decreased consciousness or confusion
Diagnosis and Treatment of Thoracic Injuries:
1. Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI may be used to diagnose thoracic injuries.
2. Treatment may involve immobilization of the affected area with a cast or brace, pain management with medication, and breathing exercises to help restore lung function.
3. Surgery may be necessary to repair damaged organs or tissues, such as a thoracotomy to repair a punctured lung or a surgical splint to stabilize broken ribs.
4. In severe cases, hospitalization in an intensive care unit (ICU) may be required to monitor and treat the injury.
5. Physical therapy may be necessary after the initial treatment to help restore full range of motion and prevent future complications.
Prevention of Thoracic Injuries:
1. Wear protective gear such as seatbelts and helmets during high-risk activities like driving or riding a bike.
2. Use proper lifting techniques to avoid straining the back and chest muscles.
3. Avoid falling or jumping from heights to prevent fractures and other injuries.
4. Keep the home environment safe by removing any hazards that could cause falls or injuries.
5. Practice good posture and body mechanics to reduce the risk of strains and sprains.
6. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet, to keep the muscles and bones strong.
7. Avoid smoking and limit alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of chronic diseases that can lead to thoracic injuries.
Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for effective management of thoracic injuries. If you suspect that you or someone else has sustained a thoracic injury, seek medical attention immediately. A prompt and accurate diagnosis will help ensure the best possible outcome and reduce the risk of complications.
Contusions are bruises that occur when blood collects in the tissue due to trauma. They can be painful and may discolor the skin, but they do not involve a break in the skin. Hematomas are similar to contusions, but they are caused by bleeding under the skin.
Non-penetrating wounds are typically less severe than penetrating wounds, which involve a break in the skin and can be more difficult to treat. However, non-penetrating wounds can still cause significant pain and discomfort, and may require medical attention to ensure proper healing and minimize the risk of complications.
Examples of Non-Penetrating Wounds
* Contusions: A contusion is a bruise that occurs when blood collects in the tissue due to trauma. This can happen when someone is hit with an object or falls and strikes a hard surface.
* Hematomas: A hematoma is a collection of blood under the skin that can cause swelling and discoloration. It is often caused by blunt trauma, such as a blow to the head or body.
* Ecchymoses: An ecchymosis is a bruise that occurs when blood leaks into the tissue from damaged blood vessels. This can happen due to blunt trauma or other causes, such as injury or surgery.
Types of Non-Penetrating Wounds
* Closed wounds: These are injuries that do not involve a break in the skin. They can be caused by blunt trauma or other forms of injury, and may result in bruising, swelling, or discoloration of the skin.
* Open wounds: These are injuries that do involve a break in the skin. They can be caused by penetrating objects, such as knives or gunshots, or by blunt trauma.
Treatment for Contusions and Hematomas
* Rest: It is important to get plenty of rest after suffering a contusion or hematoma. This will help your body recover from the injury and reduce inflammation.
* Ice: Applying ice to the affected area can help reduce swelling and pain. Wrap an ice pack in a towel or cloth to protect your skin.
* Compression: Using compression bandages or wraps can help reduce swelling and promote healing.
* Elevation: Elevating the affected limb above the level of your heart can help reduce swelling and improve circulation.
* Medication: Over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can help manage pain and inflammation.
* Wear protective gear: When engaging in activities that may cause injury, wear appropriate protective gear, such as helmets, pads, and gloves.
* Use proper technique: Proper technique when engaging in physical activity can help reduce the risk of injury.
* Stay fit: Being in good physical condition can help improve your ability to withstand injuries.
* Stretch and warm up: Before engaging in physical activity, stretch and warm up to increase blood flow and reduce muscle stiffness.
* Avoid excessive alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of injury.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms:
* Increasing pain or swelling
* Difficulty moving the affected limb
* Fever or chills
* Redness or discharge around the wound
* Deformity of the affected limb.
In Vfib, the electrical activity of the heart becomes disorganized, leading to a fibrillatory pattern of contraction. This means that the ventricles are contracting in a rapid, unsynchronized manner, rather than the coordinated, synchronized contractions that occur in normal heart function.
Vfib can be caused by a variety of factors, including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and electrolyte imbalances. It can also be triggered by certain medications, such as digoxin, or by electrical shocks to the heart.
Symptoms of Vfib include palpitations, shortness of breath, chest pain, and loss of consciousness. If not treated promptly, Vfib can lead to cardiac arrest and death.
Treatment of Vfib typically involves electrical cardioversion, which involves delivering an electric shock to the heart to restore a normal heart rhythm. In some cases, medications may also be used to help regulate the heart rhythm. In more severe cases, surgery or other interventions may be necessary to address any underlying causes of Vfib.
Overall, ventricular fibrillation is a serious medical condition that requires prompt treatment to prevent complications and ensure effective cardiac function.
1. The star quarterback suffered a serious athletic injury during last night's game and is out for the season.
2. The athlete underwent surgery to repair a torn ACL, one of the most common athletic injuries in high-impact sports.
3. The coach emphasized the importance of proper technique to prevent athletic injuries among his team members.
4. After suffering a minor sprain, the runner was advised to follow the RICE method to recover and return to competition as soon as possible.
Some examples of the use of 'Death, Sudden, Cardiac' in medical contexts include:
1. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major public health concern, affecting thousands of people each year in the United States alone. It is often caused by inherited heart conditions, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or long QT syndrome.
2. The risk of sudden cardiac death is higher for individuals with a family history of heart disease or other pre-existing cardiovascular conditions.
3. Sudden cardiac death can be prevented by prompt recognition and treatment of underlying heart conditions, as well as by avoiding certain risk factors such as smoking, physical inactivity, and an unhealthy diet.
4. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can be effective in restoring a normal heart rhythm during sudden cardiac death, especially when used promptly after the onset of symptoms.
1. Polydactyly (extra digits) of the hands and/or feet.
2. Cervical spina bifida (a type of spinal cord birth defect).
3. Abnormalities of the heart, such as atrial septal defect or patent ductus arteriosus.
4. Pulmonary hypoplasia (underdeveloped lungs).
5. Intestinal malrotation or volvulus (twisting or torsion of the intestines).
The exact cause of pentalogy of Cantrell is unknown, but it is thought to be related to genetic mutations or environmental factors during early fetal development. The condition is very rare, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 1 million to 1 in 5 million births. It is often diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound examination or after birth by physical examination and imaging studies such as chest X-rays, CT scans, or MRI. Treatment for pentalogy of Cantrell typically involves a team of specialists, including cardiologists, surgeons, and other medical professionals, who work together to manage the various symptoms and anomalies associated with the condition. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct some of the physical abnormalities, such as repairing the spine or intestines. However, the prognosis for pentalogy of Cantrell is generally poor, and many individuals with this condition do not survive beyond early childhood.
Touch of Death
Sudden cardiac death of athletes
Blunt cardiac injury
Swimming With Sharks Records
National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment
Outline of cardiology
Hs and Ts
Pediatric advanced life support
List of baseball players who died during their careers
1931 in music
Renewal of the United States Commotio Cordis Registry. - NOCSAE
Commotio Cordis | The Paranormies
Commotio Cordis | Profiles RNS
commotio cordis Archives - The HighWire
Commotio Cordis: Damar Hamlin Collapse + Lacrosse Deaths
Commotio Cordis Returns When We Least Expected It: Cardiac Arrest in A Professional Football Player. | Am J Cardiol;202: 229...
List Of Drugs That Can Cause Commotio Cordis - Meds Safety
Cardiac Arrest | cdc.gov
Health costs need to be addressed by doctors, patients, and lawyers
151 Pediatric Cardiology Conference: "Commotio Cordis: One strike and you're out" (030316) | UT Southwestern
Heart health - News, Research and Analysis - The Conversation - page 1
Ventricular Fibrillation in Emergency Medicine: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology
Did Damar Hamlin experience commotio cordis? What to know about the rare phenomenon | Health News Florida
Was Commotio Cordis a Misdirection From the Real Reason NFL's Damar Hamlin Collapsed on the Field?
Commotio Cordis is rare, especially in football. But baseball and lacrosse know its dangers. - Athletic Equipment Managers...
Sinus Arrhythmia: Symptoms, Causes, and Prognosis
Programme | Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
SCD in Athletes: Lessons From High-Profile Cases
Ventricular fibrillation: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Death, Sudden, Cardiac - MeSH - NCBI
Fatalities in high school and college football players - PubMed
Indy Andy Says 'Times Are A'Changing,' Indie Gets A Facelift - Stony Brook Independent
Rawlings Velo 2.0 Chest Protector (17'-15 1/2')
Arch Trauma Res Volume 5(4); 2016 Dec - PMC
Damar Hamlin's Collapse and the Future of Football: A Q&A with Bruce Svare | University at Albany
All Star System7 Axis NOCSAE Certified USA Youth Pro Catcher's Kit - Ages 9-12
Articles | Premier Health
- These are events (commonly referred to as commotio cordis) (3) in which a blunt blow to the chest, usually not extraordinary for the recreational or competitive sports activity involved, produces instantaneous collapse and cardiac arrest. (nocsae.org)
- Many important issues remain unresolved with regard to blunt chest impact- induced cardiac arrest (commotio cordis) in children and young adults, including understanding of the broad clinical spectrum, mechanism of death (through analysis of arrhythmias documented following collapse), prevalence of events (obtained prospectively), determinants of survival, as well as the role of protective gear. (nocsae.org)
- Commotio Cordis Returns When We Least Expected It: Cardiac Arrest in A Professional Football Player. (bvsalud.org)
- The term "commotio cordis" literally means "agitation of the heart" and it refers to a disruption in the normal rhythm of the heart that can cause sudden cardiac arrest. (medssafety.com)
- After Buffalo Bills safety Damar Hamlin collapsed on the field during an NFL game Monday night in Cincinnati, medical experts considered the possibility that his collision with Bengals wide receiver Tee Higgins triggered a condition known as "commotio cordis" that led to cardiac arrest. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- Commotio cordis is a phenomenon that occurs after a blunt blow to the chest during a specific moment in the heart's electrical cycle, resulting in sudden cardiac arrest and the disruption of blood flow to the brain. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- With commotio, the way it causes sudden cardiac arrest is there are a number of variables that have to be perfect. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- Commotio cordis occurs when a severe blow to the chest causes the heartbeat to quiver, leading to sudden cardiac arrest. (ksat.com)
- The rare condition - called commotio cordis - occurs when a severe blow to the chest causes the heart to quiver and stop pumping blood efficiently, leading to sudden cardiac arrest. (bigcountryhomepage.com)
- Hamlin told reporters later that the doctors all agreed his cardiac arrest was due to commotio cordis. (bigcountryhomepage.com)
- Damar Hamlin injury: Was it commotio cordis? (theconversation.com)
- Did Damar Hamlin experience commotio cordis? (usf.edu)
- Was Commotio Cordis a Misdirection From the Real Reason NFL's Damar Hamlin Collapsed on the Field? (substack.com)
- When you take a deeper dive into commotio cordis, it's even more unlikely that this is what caused the collapsing of Damar Hamlin. (substack.com)
- Now, after Hamlin has been cleared to play football again, the Bills safety revealed that Commotio cordis was to blame for his scary, life-altering incident . (fanbuzz.com)
Agitation of the heart1
- This condition is called commotio cordis (agitation of the heart). (cdc.gov)
- for example, knowledge of the frequency of commotio cordis unavoidably impacts on policy decisions regarding the institution of protective chest padding in ice hockey and football, or development of specially designed (softer-than-normal) baseballs to afford greater impact safety. (nocsae.org)
- Commotio cordis is a disruption of the heart rhythm as a result of sudden, blunt impact to the chest. (fanbuzz.com)
- The cause of this profound event was commotio cordis , that is, blunt non-penetrating chest blow-initiated ventricular fibrillation triggered by physical contact not considered unusual for football . (bvsalud.org)
- Commotio cordis is a rare, but potentially lethal condition that occurs as a result of a sudden blow to the chest, usually during sports activities. (medssafety.com)
- Commotio cordis most commonly occurs in young males who are involved in sports such as baseball, hockey, or lacrosse, where a hard object, such as a ball or puck, can strike the chest at high velocity. (medssafety.com)
- However, in some cases, beta blockers can also cause bradycardia (a slow heart rate) or other heart rhythm disturbances, which could potentially lead to the development of commotio cordis if the individual experiences a sudden impact on the chest. (medssafety.com)
- However, in some cases, calcium channel blockers can also affect the heart's electrical system, which could potentially lead to the development of arrhythmias and, in rare cases, commotio cordis if the individual experiences a sudden impact to the chest. (medssafety.com)
- Commotio cordis is most commonly seen in sports like baseball, hockey and lacrosse, which involve what Madias calls "blunt projectiles that impact the chest wall" - like a ball or a puck. (usf.edu)
- It goes on to say that about half of commotio cordis cases have been reported in young athletes competing in amateur organized sports who "receive a blow to the chest that is usually (but not always) delivered by a projectile used to play the game. (usf.edu)
- Of 107 commotio cordis events that were regarded as part of competitive or other sporting activities, 87 (81%) involved a blunt precordial blow from a projectile (which served as a standard implement of the game), or another object propelled against a stationary chest wall, resulting in relatively localized contact, during organized or recreational play. (substack.com)
- In March 2000, Louis Acompora, a 14-year old goalie, died from commotio cordis after using his chest to block a routine shot during his first high school game. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- It is thought that Hamlin's collapse might have been caused by commotio cordis - when the heart stops due to a sudden blow to the chest at a specific point in the heart's rhythm cycle. (albany.edu)
- In addition, we intend to intensify our research for commotio cordis events occurring outside of sporting as well as the newly-described (and related) phenomenon of vertebral artery rupture leading to subarachnoid hemorrhage and sudden death produced by hockey puck blows to the neck. (nocsae.org)
- Commotio cordis often results in sudden death without prompt cardiopulmonary defibrillation. (sdsu.edu)
- Symptoms of commotio cordis can include sudden collapse, loss of consciousness, and cessation of breathing. (medssafety.com)
- Commotio cordis is the result of blunt trauma to the heart, and is one of the leading causes of sudden cardiac death in youth sports. (theconversation.com)
- As a direct result of the support previously afforded by NOCSAE several papers and abstracts have been published characterizing commotio cordis and contributing to the visibility of this important problem in the lay and medical communities. (nocsae.org)
- The determinant of a commotio cordis event is a blow over the heart in a narrow vulnerable electrical window during dispersion of repolarization. (bvsalud.org)
- Commotio cordis occurs "probably 20 times a year,'' and about 60% of those affected survive, said heart rhythm specialist Dr. Mark Link of UT Southwestern Medical Center. (ksat.com)
- If torsades de pointes degenerates into ventricular fibrillation, it could potentially cause commotio cordis. (medssafety.com)
- The National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment 's website states that between 15 and 25 athletes die from commotio cordis every year, the majority of whom are under the age of 18. (fanbuzz.com)
- There are certain medications may increase the risk of heart arrhythmias , which could potentially contribute to the development of commotio cordis in susceptible individuals. (medssafety.com)
- Antiarrhythmic medications are used to treat abnormal heart rhythms, but they have also been associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias, which could potentially contribute to the development of commotio cordis in susceptible individuals. (medssafety.com)
- While beta-blockers are generally safe and effective, they have been associated with an increased risk of arrhythmias, which could potentially contribute to the development of commotio cordis in susceptible individuals. (medssafety.com)
- While antibiotics are not directly associated with the development of commotio cordis, some antibiotics can cause cardiac side effects that may increase the risk of arrhythmias, which could potentially contribute to the development of commotio cordis in susceptible individuals. (medssafety.com)
- An individual is susceptible to commotio cordis for about 40 milliseconds of the cardiac cycle, contributing to the rarity of the condition. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- According to the American Heart Association , commotio cordis events have risen over the last 30 years, primarily due to their occurrence in sports - which is why the phenomenon has become more well known to the sports communities and to physicians. (fanbuzz.com)
- Commotio Cordis" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (sdsu.edu)
- NFL player Damar Hamlin's injury during a game on Jan. 2 may have been a heart injury called commotio cordis. (theconversation.com)
- Cardiac specialists say it's too soon to know what caused Hamlin's heart to stop, but a rare type of trauma called commotio cordis is among the possible culprits. (ksat.com)
- Is commotio cordis to blame? (kevinmd.com)
- Commotio cordis , albeit rare, was most prominently identified initially in competitive and also recreational sports participants. (bvsalud.org)
- Commotio cordis is so rare that Madias says he is not aware of any particular actions the NFL is looking at to try to prevent it. (usf.edu)
- Commotio Cordis is rare, especially in football. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- Dr. Aman Chugh, a University of Michigan cardiology professor, noted that hard-hitting tackles are extremely common in football and that commotio cordis is extremely rare. (ksat.com)
- The AMSSM reports that the average victim of commotio cordis is 14 years old. (albany.edu)
- Commotio cordis primarily affects young people between the ages of 10 and 18. (usf.edu)
- If there is some greater good that can come from his commotio cordis event, it is that as many people as possible are now aware of how important it is to provide urgent care for all cardiac emergencies," Nancy Brown, CEO of the heart group, said in the statement. (bigcountryhomepage.com)
- Another quarter of commotio cordis events have been caused by recreational activities played at home or on playgrounds, and the final 25% have involved incidents like scuffles, fights and accidents in non-sports settings. (usf.edu)
- This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Commotio Cordis" by people in this website by year, and whether "Commotio Cordis" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (sdsu.edu)
- There are 15 to 20 known cases of commotio cordis per year, Link said, with the majority occurring in males, peaking in boys around age 15. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- The risk of commotio cordis is highest in children between the ages of 10 and 18, and the incidence of the condition tends to be higher in the spring and summer months when outdoor sports are more common. (medssafety.com)
- In this article, we will take an in-depth look at drugs that can cause or increase the risk of commotio cordis. (medssafety.com)
- Within sports, the risk of commotio cordis can be limited, but it can't be erased. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- Commotio cordis is "usually, though not invariably, fatal," according to the journal article, which also cites registry data showing that its survival rates have increased over time. (usf.edu)
- RSS.com California = G*y cyberpunk reality (again) Commotio Cordis coping on the football game Between alphabet boys and social media…there is literally no difference Sun dogs in Utah? (paranormies.com)
- Because of the specificity of those conditions, Link said such incidents are less common in contact sports such as football, where the size of one's shoulder pads offers less precision than that of a baseball - the sport in which, at the youth level, commotio cordis is most common. (equipmentmanagers.org)
- Below are the most recent publications written about "Commotio Cordis" by people in Profiles. (sdsu.edu)
- 35. Boxing and "commotio cordis": ECG and humoral study. (nih.gov)
- If treatment is not initiated promptly, commotio cordis can quickly lead to irreversible brain damage or death. (medssafety.com)
- Latching onto a diagnosis of commotio cordis, which has reportedly never occurred in NFL history, is yet another example of mass misdirection from the truth. (substack.com)