A sudden CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA (e.g., VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION) caused by a blunt, non-penetrating impact to the precordial region of chest wall. Commotio cordis often results in sudden death without prompt cardiopulmonary defibrillation.
A rare developmental defect in which the heart is abnormally located partially or totally outside the THORAX. It is the result of defective fusion of the anterior chest wall. Depending on the location of the heart, ectopia cordis can be thoracic, thoracoabdominal, abdominal, and cervical.
A competitive nine-member team sport including softball.
General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Games in which players use a racquet to hit a ball or similar type object.
Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Rare congenital deformity syndrome characterized by a combination of five anomalies as a result of neural tube defect. The five anomalies are a midline supraumbilical abdominal wall defect (e.g., OMPHALOCELE), a lower STERNUM defect, a congenital intracardiac defect, an anterior DIAPHRAGM defect, and a diaphragmatic PERICARDIUM defect (e.g., PERICARDIAL EFFUSION). Variants with incomplete and variable combinations of the defects are known. ECTOPIA CORDIS; CLEFT LIP; and CLEFT PALATE are often associated with the syndrome.
A congenital cardiomyopathy that is characterized by infiltration of adipose and fibrous tissue into the RIGHT VENTRICLE wall and loss of myocardial cells. Primary injuries usually are at the free wall of right ventricular and right atria resulting in ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias.
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).
The abrupt cessation of all vital bodily functions, manifested by the permanent loss of total cerebral, respiratory, and cardiovascular functions.
The outer margins of the thorax containing SKIN, deep FASCIA; THORACIC VERTEBRAE; RIBS; STERNUM; and MUSCLES.
Heart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart. Heart murmurs can be examined by HEART AUSCULTATION, and analyzed by their intensity (6 grades), duration, timing (systolic, diastolic, or continuous), location, transmission, and quality (musical, vibratory, blowing, etc).
An adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group which is esterified to both the 3'- and 5'-positions of the sugar moiety. It is a second messenger and a key intracellular regulator, functioning as a mediator of activity for a number of hormones, including epinephrine, glucagon, and ACTH.
An enzyme that catalyzes the deamination of AMP to IMP. EC 3.5.4.6.
Adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety in the 2'-, 3'-, or 5'-position.
Cell surface proteins that bind cyclic AMP with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The best characterized cyclic AMP receptors are those of the slime mold Dictyostelium discoideum. The transcription regulator CYCLIC AMP RECEPTOR PROTEIN of prokaryotes is not included nor are the eukaryotic cytoplasmic cyclic AMP receptor proteins which are the regulatory subunits of CYCLIC AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES.
A cyclic nucleotide derivative that mimics the action of endogenous CYCLIC AMP and is capable of permeating the cell membrane. It has vasodilator properties and is used as a cardiac stimulant. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A transcriptional regulator in prokaryotes which, when activated by binding cyclic AMP, acts at several promoters. Cyclic AMP receptor protein was originally identified as a catabolite gene activator protein. It was subsequently shown to regulate several functions unrelated to catabolism, and to be both a negative and a positive regulator of transcription. Cell surface cyclic AMP receptors are not included (CYCLIC AMP RECEPTORS), nor are the eukaryotic cytoplasmic cyclic AMP receptor proteins, which are the regulatory subunits of CYCLIC AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES.
A methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities. Theophylline inhibits the 3',5'-CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHODIESTERASE that degrades CYCLIC AMP thus potentiates the actions of agents that act through ADENYLYL CYCLASES and cyclic AMP.

Commotio cordis and the epidemiology of sudden death in competitive lacrosse. (1/5)

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A case of commotio cordis caused by steering wheel injury. (2/5)

We report a rare case of commotio cordis caused by traffic injury. The patient was a 60-year-old female driver who suffered severe steering wheel impact to the chest during a head-on collision in which her car overturned. She had no history of cardiac disease. Emergency medical services arrived at the scene within 12 minutes of the accident. Evidence of ventricular fibrillation led the paramedics to carry out immediate defibrillation with an automated external defibrillator. Restoration of spontaneous circulation was confirmed within 2 minutes, along with establishment of sinus rhythm and normal wave form on electrocardiography. The patient was transported to our hospital in an emergency helicopter. General examination revealed chest bruising, and computed tomography of the chest showed pulmonary contusions; there was no other evidence of critical injury. We performed endotracheal intubation, as the patient had consciousness disturbance, and then initiated hypothermic therapy in the intensive care unit. Meanwhile, the hemodynamics remained stable, and there was no recurrence of arrhythmia. On day 15, the patient's consciousness improved, and she was able to communicate. Two months later, she was transported to another hospital for rehabilitation.  (+info)

Evaluation of cardiac arrhythmia among athletes. (3/5)

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A patient with commotio cordis successfully resuscitated by bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator. (4/5)

Sudden deaths of children and adolescents during competitive sports are usually due to congenital heart diseases. Ventricular fibrillation, however, may also occur in individuals with no underlying cardiac disease who have sustained a low-impact chest wall blow. This phenomenon is described as commotio cordis, and the overall survival rate is poor. Successful resuscitation can be achieved by prompt cardiopulmonary resuscitation and early defibrillation. We report a teenager who sustained a chest wall blow that resulted in a cardiac arrest during a rugby competition. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was given by bystanders. The ambulance crew arrived with an automated external defibrillator. Ventricular fibrillation was detected and responded to defibrillation. Subsequent investigations including imaging and electrophysiological studies did not reveal any cardiac or brain abnormality, and the patient recovered well neurologically. Accessible cardiopulmonary resuscitation-trained personnel and automated external defibrillators should be present at all organised sporting events.  (+info)

Marked variability in susceptibility to ventricular fibrillation in an experimental commotio cordis model. (5/5)

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What is known regarding the epidemiology and clinical features of commotio cordis predominantly emanate from the National Registry assembled in Minneapolis under the supervision of Dr. Barry J. Maron at Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation. The Commotio Cordis Registry began with the first 25 cases reported in 1995 in the New England Journal of Medicine (Maron BJ, et al. 1995; 333:337-342) and for much of the time since has been generously supported by NOCSAE. furthermore, the series of animal experiments conducted at Tufts-New England Medical Center by Dr. Mark Link have relied in their design substantially on the clinical profile of commotio cordis developed from the Registry. It is important to continue the assembly of commotio cordis cases and to maintain the Registry, as the clinical spectrum of this unusual but heterogeneous clinical entity is not yet completely understood or described. This is particularly important as we focus on strategies for prevention over the next 3-4 years. Much ...
Sudden death due to low energy chest wall trauma, commotio cordis, is seen in young athletes aged 5 to 18. Although not common, it is the most frequent cause of death in the young baseball player. Commotio cordis is also reported in hockey, lacrosse, and with bodily contacts in other sports. Death is swift and unusually recalcitrant to even immediate resuscitation efforts. We have developed a swine model with low energy chest wall impact gated to the cardiac cycle. With this model we have found that if an impact occurs during a 20-ms window during repolarization (regeneration of the heart beat) a fatal ventricular arrhythmia can result. Additional insights gained from this model include the importance of location of impact, energy of impact, hardness of impact object, and shape of impact object. Furthermore, this model has been utilized to evaluate safety baseballs and chest wall protectors. And finally this model has provided basic data to the Wayne State Group (Cindy Bir - NOCSAE Funded 2007) ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Commotio cordis as a rare cause of traumatic cardiac arrest in motorbike crashes. T2 - Report of a case. AU - Yeh, Chun Chieh. AU - Hsieh, Chi Hsun. AU - Wang, Yu Chun. AU - Chung, Ping Kuei. AU - Chen, Ray Jade. PY - 2010/4. Y1 - 2010/4. N2 - It is futile to attempt resuscitation in a blunt injury patient with no vital signs upon arriving at the emergency department. Therefore, it is recommended that resuscitation be withheld in any blunt trauma patient without vital signs while emergency medical technicians arrive at the scene of the accident. This report presents a case of a blunt torso trauma patient who lost vital signs at the scene and still received cardiopulmonary resuscitation until recovery of spontaneous circulation at the emergency department. The patient was later diagnosed with commotio cordis, and survived to be discharged without any neurological sequelae. Therefore, aggressive resuscitation should be continued until a diagnosis and differential diagnosis of blunt ...
A little over a year ago, Steven Domalewski, a 13-year old Little League pitcher from Wayne, NJ was hit in the chest by a line drive. The blow to the chest resulted in a condition called commotio cordis that left...
Previous experimental models of chest wall impact used high energy impacts that almost universally caused severe thoracic and cardiac damage.10 11 These models, therefore, were more reflective of motor vehicular accidents and bomb blasts than commotio cordis. In an effort to delineate the mechanism of sudden death in low energy chest wall impacts, we recently developed an experimental model of low energy chest wall impact.12 In this model, a 30 mph baseball impact was given to the chest wall of anaesthetised juvenile pigs. The impact was gated to the cardiac cycle. With the use of an electrophysiological stimulator to control the release of the impact object and a known 130 ms flight time, the impact could be delivered at any chosen time during the cardiac cycle. In this model, ventricular fibrillation was reproducibly initiated by impacts during a 15 ms time window on the upslope of the T wave (30 to 15 ms before the peak of the T wave). The initiation of ventricular fibrillation was ...
Sudden unexpected cardiac death that occurs in young people during sports participation is usually associated with previously diagnosed or undiagnosed structural or primary electrical cardiac abnormalities. Examples of such abnormalities include hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, anomalous origin of a coronary artery, arrhythmogenic right ventricul...
There is a deadly phenomenon named commotio cordis. It can occur when a person receives a hard blow to the chest at a certain time during the normal cardiac rhythm. This can happen in ice hockey, lacrosse, baseball, football, karate, or any sport where a hard blow to the chest can happen. It is so significant a problem that US Lacrosse adopted a position statement (www.uslacrosse.org/SportsScienceandSafety/PositionStatementonCommotioCor...) on it in 2008.. Barry J Maron, PhD, has been investigating the incidence of cardiac arrest via commotio cordis and has established a national registry to collect the data necessary to better understand the phenomenon. The registry data show an average frequency of occurrence of 17 instances per year with only about 12 percent of the victims surviving. Intuitively, it is highly unlikely that the registry has captured all instances. The problem is probably worse than reported.. ...
Comparaison Entre Levitra Et Viagra. Fulterman L, Lenberg L: Commotio cordis: sudden cardiac comparaison entre levitra et viagra death. Which differentiates the injury based upon its vertical axis, labetalol may be affected.
BACKGROUND: The syndrome of sudden death due to low-energy trauma to the chest wall (commotio cordis) has been described in young sports participants, but the mechanism is unknown. METHODS: We developed a swine model of commotio cordis in which a low-energy impact to the chest wall was produced by a wooden object the size and weight of a regulation baseball. This projectile was thrust at a velocity of 30 miles per hour and was timed to the cardiac cycle. RESULTS: We first studied 18 young pigs, 6 subjected to multiple chest impacts and 12 to single impacts. Of the 10 impacts occurring within the window from 30 to 15 msec before the peak of the T wave on the electrocardiogram, 9 produced ventricular fibrillation. Ventricular fibrillation was not produced by impacts at any other time during the cardiac cycle. Of the 10 impacts sustained during the QRS complex, 4 resulted in transient complete heart block. We also studied whether the use of safety baseballs, which are softer than standard ones, ...
Commotio cordis or cardiac concussion can cause sudden death in young baseball players. It is the result of a low velocity impact to the chest from a thrown or batted ball, usually traveling at a speed of between 20 and 50 mph. The impact must occur directly over the heart; the closer to the center, the greater the risk. The cause of death is the development of an abnormal rhythm, ventricular fibrillation, though there may be some affect on the blood circulation to the heart as well. For such a catastrophic event to occur, the impact has to be precisely timed to strike the heart during a 15 to 30-millisecond phase of the electrical cycle.. There is a 90 percent death rate among those suffering commotio cordis. The lack of response to CPR efforts by healthy young baseball players is unexpected and remains unexplained. However, it is clear that a rapid response time - three to five minutes - is critical. Batters should learn ball avoidance and turn away from an inside pitch and not open the chest ...
Looking for ataxia cordis? Find out information about ataxia cordis. a cardiac arrhythmia whose basis is a disturbance in atrial activity. Atrial fibrillation often occurs with heart defects, cardiosclerosis, rheumatic... Explanation of ataxia cordis
Cordis Corp., the stent-making arm of healthcare colossus Johnson & Johnson (NYSE:JNJ), said its acquired Flexible Stenting Solutions as part of turning its back on the coronary stents market in favor of the endovascular arena.. Bridgewater, N.J.-based Cordis didnt reveal the purchase price or any details for its buyout of FSS, which makes the FlexStent self-expanding stent. Cordis said the deal is a chance to expand its reach into the peripheral artery disease and, potentially, into the below-the-knee and venous intervention markets.. FSS first won CE Mark approval in the European Union in January 2009 for its FlexStent self-expanding stent to treat vascular disease, which was later expanded to include additional sizes. Later in 2009 the FlexStent device won 510(k) clearance from the FDA later that year for treating malignant bile duct tumors.. Cordis continues to identify opportunities to enhance its expanding portfolio of less invasive treatment options to address the needs of patients ...
On the other hand, these usually are because of shedding oxygen or traumatic brain damage, not a simple touch to the pressure point. Some scarce scenarios of trauma to the carotid artery, or even occasions called commotio cordis - often called cardiac concussion, which involves a weighty blow into the chest that messes up the hearts electrical current and brings about sudden heart failure - have brought up the issue concerning whether or not Japanese samurai fighters ended up Probably on to some thing whenever they created promises with regard to the Death Touch ...
http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2509/is-the-ninja-death-touch-real. Known in Cantonese as dim mak and in Japanese as kyusho jitsu, the touch of death is said to be something like acupunctures evil twin. The idea is that chi, or energy, flows through the body along lines called meridians. A blow or squeeze applied to certain pressure points on these lines will supposedly put the whammy on the victims chi, leading to incapacitation or death. Though none of the techniques of dim mak seems likely to work consistently as advertised, medical journals describe many incidents in which a seemingly mild trauma results in disproportionately serious injury, and the sites of some such traumas correlate with dim mak pressure points. Cases like these include: Commotio cordis, also known as cardiac concussion. This is a syndrome in which a nonpenetrating impact to the chest causes heart failure but little or no structural damage. The classic victim is a kid or young adult who takes a baseball, hockey ...
Every time a child steps on the baseball field, they risk getting hurt. And every year, several children in the United States die from a ball hitting them in the chest. Commotio cordis is a term for when a ball hits a player in the chest in the milliseconds between heartbeats. It is right at the moment of impact, the heart stops working,...
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Coming off a 14-8 loss at Albany Saturday, the Harvard mens lacrosse team was looking to rebound with a home win Tuesday afternoon. Hosting Quinnipiac (1-2) in a non-conference contest, the Crimson (2-2) struggled in the first two periods, but turned it around in the second half to escape with a 10-8 win at Soldiers Field Lacrosse Stadium.. For much of the first half, Harvard failed to execute on either side of the field. The Crimson scored the first three goals of the game in a span of three minutes, but then completely stalled, giving up five straight goals.. I was disappointed in the way that we started, Harvard coach Chris Wojcik 96 said. I thought we came out looking pretty lackluster, turning the ball over and [were] not fully focused.. The game started with neither team able to launch a successful offense. The Bobcats dominated the possession battle early, but were unable to capitalize on any opportunities, largely due to several key saves by Crimson junior goaltender Jake ...
Lacrosse is a sport played with a small, hard ball and stick called a crosse. During a modern lacrosse game, each player takes...
The No. 19 USC womens lacrosse team defeated No. 5 Duke 11-5 Saturday night in the U.S. Lacrosse Orange County Winter Invitational in Costa Mesa.. The Women of Troy (2-0) claimed a spot in the Top 25 national rankings heading into the contest, but they were still underdogs against one of the ACCs finest.. It is safe to say that this USC squad turned some heads with such a convincing win over a top-10 team.. Though the Trojans have only played two games, it is obvious that this defense is elite.. When they did not have the ball, USCs defensive personnel made life difficult for the Blue Devils (2-2). Senior Courtney Tarleton scooped up three ground balls and caused a turnover, while Nina Kelty also came up with a strong performance at the back.. Head coach Lindsey Munday knew Duke would ask questions of this defense, so she ensured that the unit would be organized against the Blue Devils.. After the 21-2 win over Stetson in the season opener, Munday said, Obviously momentum is great, but we ...
FAIRFIELD, Conn. -- Danielle Russo of Chelmsford, a 2013 graduate of Fairfield University, has received the Community Awareness Award from the the Intercollegiate Womens Lacrosse Coaches Association.
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We present a case of a previously healthy 17 year-old white male boy scout who collapsed after a lightning strike, and was found to be in ventricular fibrillation when emergency medical services arrived. The ventricular fibrillation was defibrillated into sinus rhythm after a single direct current (DC) countershock. However, the patient has remained in coma. Commotio cordis, sudden cardiac death from low-energy chest wall impact, is a phenomenon in which an exactly timed and located blow on the chest during the cardiac cycle results in ventricular fibrillation. Commotio cordis and electrical shock can both result in ventricular arrhythmias. We speculate that in this patient, ventricular fibrillation began immediately after the lightning, which probably struck at the peak of the T wave. (Cardiol J 2007; 14: 91-94 ...
Automatic External Defibrillators (AEDs). Commotio cordis occurs when the heart begins to beat erratically or ceases to beat entirely after being suddenly struck by an object. An appropriate chest protector such as those worn by hockey players can avoid this injury. When this life-threatening situation presents itself an AED can be used to immediately shock the heart back to normal rhythm. This year the New York Yankees are leaving nothing to chance and have purchased eight AEDs so that when on the road each minor league team has an AED available at all times. This action should serve as an example for communities to make AEDs available at all athletic events not only for athletes but fans as well ...
A Delaware federal judge on Tuesday more than doubled a $19.5 million jury award for Boston Scientific Corp. in its suit accusing Cordis Corp. of infringing a patent related to a Boston Scientific coronary stent, finding that Cordis' conduct was egregious enough to merit boosted damages.
SIVECO asigura servicii de mentenanta si dezvoltare pentru portalul CORDIS, un proiect ambitios al Comisiei Europene, ce urmareste diseminarea si optimizarea rezultatelor activitatilor de cercetare si dezvoltare catre cetatenii din intreaga Europa Recent s-au implinit 25 de ani de la conferinta ESPRIT, in cadrul careia Comisia Europeana a lansat CORDIS, Serviciul de Informare privind Cercetarea si Dezvoltarea. Prima platforma CORDIS a fost lansata in anul 1990 si a devenit, intr-un timp scurt, principala sursa de informare si de diseminare a activitatilor si a rezultatelor din proiecte de cercetare si dezvoltare la nivel european. SIVECO asigura servicii de mentenanta si dezvoltare software pentru portalul CORDIS, pentru Oficiul pentru Publicatii al Uniunii Europene - unul dintre cele mai importante proiecte de servicii IT dezvoltate de o companie romaneasca pentru Comisia Europeana. Incepand cu anul 2009, specialistii SIVECO Romania au realizat dezvoltarea si mentenanta portalului CORDIS - un ...
St Swithuns sports scholar Emily Sambrook Smith, aged 16 from Winchester, has been selected to play in the A team for England Lacrosses U19 tour to Canada in July 2013. The tour coincides with the 2013 Lacrosse World Cup in Oshawa, Ontario. Emilys selection followed England U19 trials in Gloucestershire earlier in the year.. Emily was also selected to play for England Lacrosse in March at the U19 Home Internationals at Surrey Sports Ground. England won the tournament, with Emily scoring 5 of the goals. The event attracted much publicity as it marked the launch of the next FIL (Federation of International Lacrosse) Womens Lacrosse World Cup which England will be hosting in 2017.. For further information please contact:. Mel ...
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Following the recent acquisition of Flexible Stent Solutions-a developer of flexible peripheral arterial, venous and biliary stents-Granier commented, Cordis has been able to expand the Smart platform to address unmet needs in the treatment of peripheral arterial disease and extend our capabilities to develop therapeutic applications into below-the-knee and venous interventions.. If we talk about education, Charing Cross is for us the most important endovascular meeting for vascular surgeons and interventional radiologists in the international European science arena. This is the place where we might effectively have the best impact launching this new generation of the Smart device. He also commented that the product would be available from June 2013. ...
Wheelchair lacrosse is looking to expand big time, and their new promo video showcasing the veracity of the sport I have no doubt will certainly help their end goal. This gritty 6 minute video is worth every minute of your time. Its not looking for sympathy or even yo only inform, its looking to change perceptions of of how able-bodied people look at their sport.. Ryan Baker, a paraplegic from California, is the founder of Wheelchair Lacrosse USA and is the one behind trying to get a team in every major city across the country (even worldwide). He and his closest buddies (other players on his California team) are featured in the video with each of them talking about their story and why wheelchair lacrosse changed their lives. And its such a well done video; great music, professionally done, and it hits home. Its refreshing to see a video done so well on any disability-related subject (which unfortunately can be difficult to find).. If youre not familiar with lacrosse, no its not an elitist ...
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Sport specialization has become increasingly more common among younger athletes, including those who play lacrosse. Does this intense training heighten the risk of injury, or increase the chances of sport burnout? Two national experts offer their thoughts on the subject.
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Federal Health Minister Nicola Roxon says everything is being done to support the Australian lacrosse team still in quarantine in South Korea because of swine flu.
Ill admit it - this was originally going to be a fairly one-sided column rant. Specifically, a rant about the end of Palmyra boys lacrosse season.
Hello - both of my boys are playing Lacrosse and I noticed serveral competing teams recently using high purity oxygen during the games. Im assuming this ...
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With a 14-5 dismantling at the hands of Duke in the first round of the NCAA tournament, the Navy lacrosse season came to a rather unceremonious conclusion. That was one painful game to watch, wasnt it? It was the HBO free preview weekend on DirecTV, and I couldve changed the channel to Schindlers List and not have been as…
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Phillylacrosse.com, Posted 11/1/15 Boys Events Club evaluations Old School Lacrosse Club limited positions remaining for its 2017, 2018, and 2019 teams fo
Worthwhile works of Gothic horror-core are quite hard to come by, thus Alberto Cavallones phantasmagoric porn flick Blow Job - Soffio erotico (1980) - although intrinsically inferior to the Italian filmmakers previous films - comes as notable exception. Directed by the nearly forgotten arthouse smut auteur who brought us such mostly unsung cult classics as Zelda (1974) and Blue Movie (1978), Blow Job signified the steady artistic and monetary decline of Cavallones - at best - marginally successful film career. The production of the film was cursed from the beginning as one of the films producers committed suicide (as if he was an anti-hero in one of Cavallones films) during the filming of Blow Job, which is indubitably a shinning, albeit tragic (at least as far as the films budget was concerned) example of life imitating art, at least for those individuals that have seen the film. Essentially divided into two halves, Blow Job begins as what initially seems to be a generic Italian smut ...
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If a limb is hit with what the recipient determines to be a blow with significant force, it cannot be used thereafter ... For the purposes of calling blows, all combatants are considered to be armoured in a mail hauberk, wearing an open-faced helmet with a nasal (nose ... For that reason, a draw cut or glancing blow would have no effect, while a solid blow is considered to have defeated or penetrated the armour ...
Nils: this is a Latin medical term - Vitium org[anicum] cordis, which translates literally as organic heart defect (or lesion ...
Labels: neuroepithelium (ne); first branchial arch (fb); second branchial membrane (sb); atrial heart chamber (ac); vitelline artery (va); bulbus cordis heart region (bc); pericardio-peritoneal canal (ppc); hindgut (hg); somite (s); caudal neuropore (cn); neural lumen (nl); peritoneal cavity (pc). The developing heart is indicated by arrows. Scale bars represent 200 microns ...
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A few things stand out, some expected (and helpful for confirming the validity of the model) and some not. First, if you commit a penalty, then you should expect to give up more goals that you score over the next 60 seconds. Makes sense. Same goes for turnovers and shot clock violations, if you give up possession, good luck scoring more than you give up.. On the flip side, the two goal entries are interesting. Its minimal, but both assisted and unassisted goals have a positive expected value, meaning in addition to the goal scored, the model says you should expect .03 to .04 goals in the next 60 seconds. Its tiny, but this speaks to the value of momentum? Or perhaps it is less causal; just an implication of better face off men leading to more goals as well as more runs. Most likely, its just the fact that a team scoring a given goal is minutely more likely to be the better team, and they should score more goals. (Note to self: worth another post.). After thinking more about this one, it makes ...
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"Position Statement on Commotio Cordis". US Lacrosse. January 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2017. Ferreira M, Santos-Silva PR, de ... Maron, BJ; Estes, NAM III (March 2010). "Commotio cordis". New England Journal of Medicine. 362 (10): 917-927. doi:10.1056/ ... an exception is commotio cordis, in which the heart is structurally normal but a potentially fatal loss of rhythm occurs ... Sudden cardiac death can usually be attributed to cardiovascular disease or commotio cordis, but about 20% of cases show no ...
Commotio cordis is a condition seen in young, male athletes that results from BCI, and leads to sudden cardiac death within the ... Commotio cordis Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. 21. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company. 2009. p. 1527. ISBN 978-0803615595 ...
Commotio cordis, for example, is an often lethal disruption of heart rhythm that occurs as a result of a blow to the area ... Ansatsuken Iron Palm Martial arts Neijia Wuxia Commotio cordis Varma Kalai Adams, Cecil (May 21, 2004). "The Straight Dope: Is ...
... www.metal-archives.com/albums/Commotio_Cordis/Oklahoma_EP/311387 http://swsrecords.com/2012/12/05/commotio-cordis-oklahoma-ep- ... July 28, 2011 the label released the 'Oklahoma' EP from the band Commotio Cordis, out of Oklahoma City. July 31, 2011, in ... www.boosharticles.com/2012/06/readers-bands-now-heres-commotio-cordis/ http://www.metalunderground.com/news/details.cfm?newsid= ...
Precordial thump Precordial examination Commotio cordis Hyperdynamic precordium Precordial catch syndrome Merriam-Webster ...
Commotio cordis is less common but caused by an external force rather than an intrinsic abnormality of the heart.[citation ... Cardiomyopathies Conduction disorders Coronary artery disease Commotio cordis Unknown causes, thought to possibly be related ...
The leading cause of SCD in young athletes is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy but can also result from commotio cordis that is ... Cor pulmonale - Untreated cor pulmonale can cause right heart failure from chronic pulmonary hypertrophy. Ventricular ... Cor triatriatum - A membrane that divides one of the atria results in "three" atria (hence "triatriatum"). This tends to affect ...
... which is known as commotio cordis. Other traumatic events such as high speed car crashes can cause sufficient structural damage ...
... in little league baseball when children are hit in the chest without protection causing commotio cordis. "空手道について". Japan ...
Gorman, Weeks, p. 2548 (2nd, Kindle edition) Abrunzo, Thomas (1991), "Commotio Cordis: The Single, Most Common Cause of ...
... such as commotio cordis, a sudden cardiac arrest caused by a blunt, non-penetrating trauma to the precordium, which causes ...
... can refer to: Commotio (Nielsen), organ work composed 1930-1931 Commotio cordis, heart injury Commotio retinae, known ... medical name for concussion This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Commotio. If an internal link led ...
Pulmonary contusion Touch of Death Commotio thoracis Maron BJ, Estes NA (March 2010). "Commotio cordis". The New England ... Commotio cordis is the leading cause of fatalities in youth baseball in the US, with two to three deaths per year. It has been ... Commotio cordis (Latin, "agitation of the heart") is an often lethal disruption of heart rhythm that occurs as a result of a ... Commotio cordis may also occur in other situations, such as in children who are punished with blows over the precordium, cases ...
heart: Myocardial contusion/Commotio cordis. *Cardiac tamponade. *Hemopericardium. *Myocardial rupture. Lung and. lower ...
1, for chamber orchestra (also chamber version for flute, oboe, cor anglais, clarinet, bass clarinet, bassoon, horn, piano, and ... for two recorders Commotio, for organ, op. 50 "Det som lysner over vangen", for voice and piano Klaverstykke, for piano "Kvadet ...
Yabek, S.M. Commotio cordis. eMedicine, September 2005.. *Sports Sciences Feature: Commotio Cordis: Sudden death following ... Commotio cordis is the leading cause of fatalities in youth baseball in the US, with two to three deaths per year.[9] It has ... Commotio cordis (Latin, "agitation of the heart") is an often lethal disruption of heart rhythm that occurs as a result of a ... Maron BJ, Estes NA (March 2010). "Commotio cordis". The New England Journal of Medicine. 362 (10): 917-27. doi:10.1056/ ...
Commotio Cordis) and Commotio Cordis What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Commotio Cordis ... This is termed commotio cordis. [1] Much of our understanding of the clinical and pathophysiologic aspects of commotio cordis ... Approximately 10-20 commotio cordis events are added to the US Commotio Cordis Registry every year. [6] The actual incidence is ... Data collected by the US Commotio Cordis Registry show that nearly 80% of commotio cordis episodes occur in whites. [4] ...
Commotio Cordis) and Commotio Cordis What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * Commotio Cordis ... Commotio Cordis Clinical Presentation. Updated: Jan 04, 2016 * Author: Steven M Yabek, MD, FAAP, FACC; Chief Editor: Stuart ... Survival after a commotio cordis event has become less of an exception compared with earlier eras. Although efforts at ... Persons with a commotio cordis event are typically found to be unresponsive, apneic, pulseless, and without an audible ...
Commotio Cordis - agitation of the heart by Tia Frotton , This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating ... What is Commotio Cordis? Commotio cordis is a phenomenon in which a sudden blunt impact to the chest causes sudden death in the ... COMMOTIO CORDIS COULD BE MISTAKEN FOR SOMETHING ELSE Commotio cordis shares a similar presention to:. *Cardiac Arrest ... Commotio Cordis. Commotio Cordis. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2016. ... Commotio Cordis is seen mostly in athletics who are partaking ...
Commotio cordis is heart failure following an injury to the chest that triggers an irregular heartbeat. Its both rare and life ... The symptoms of commotio cordis. After being hit in the chest, a person with commotio cordis may stumble forward and lose ... Complications of commotio cordis. Successful treatment and recovery from commotio cordis may result in no further heart ... Commotio cordis is a dangerous condition. If you have a child playing a sport in which a chest injury is possible, make sure ...
... a condition called commotio cordis. Commotio cordis is the second highest cause of death in athletes younger than 14 years and ... To reduce the risk of commotio cordis: *Batters: Batters who are taught to avoid the ball and turn away from an inside pitch ... Research has shown that, even with protective gear, the fatality rate for commotio cordis is an alarmingly high 90%. Based on a ... Cardiac death caused by commotio cordis is potentially preventable. If sudden cardiac arrest occurs, an immediate and ...
Commodio cordis occurs when an ill-timed blow to the chest causes the heart to stop beating. There have been over 250 reported ... Commotio cordis: *Has been documented in over 250 cases since the formation of the United States Commotio Cordis Registry in ... Commotio Cordis is the medical term for a rare disruption of the hearts electrical system resulting from a blunt impact to the ... The commotio cordis sudden-death rate is highest in lacrosse (.63 deaths per 100,000 person-years), hockey (.53 deaths per ...
1991) Commotio cordis, the single, most common cause of traumatic death in youth baseball. Am J Dis Child 145:1279-1282. ... 1993) Commotio cordis in two amateur ice hockey players despite the use of commercial chest protractors: case reports. J Trauma ... 1998) An experimental model of sudden death due to low energy chest wall impact (commotio cordis). N Engl J Med 338:1805-1811. ... Human victims of commotio cordis are young, healthy, and predominantly male.3 The victims have no known histories of heart ...
Epidemiology of Commotio Cordis: Maintenance of the National Registry.. Principle Investigator: Barry J. Maron, M.D., Director ... The Commotio Cordis Registry began with the first 25 cases reported in 1995 in the New England Journal of Medicine (Maron BJ, ... It is important to continue the assembly of commotio cordis cases and to maintain the Registry, as the clinical spectrum of ... Mark Link have relied in their design substantially on the clinical profile of commotio cordis developed from the Registry. ...
Commotio cordis is a Latin term (meaning commotion or disturbance of the heart) that describes sudden cardiac arrest from a ... How Commotio Cordis Happens. It doesnt take much force to trigger commotio cordis. Its all about timing. After squeezing ... Despite the fact that its very rare, commotio cordis is the leading cause of death in youth baseball. Commotio cordis has also ... A baseball striking the chest can lead to commotio cordis. Glow Images/Getty Images More in First Aid ...
... commotio cordis.(Research Article) by Cardiology Research and Practice; Health, general Calcium channels Analysis ... commotio cordis has been reported with increasing frequency [1, 2]. Commotio cordis is a primary electrical event in which both ... If this is the case, then blocking [I.sub.Ca,L] prior to chest wall impact should reduce the incidence of VF in commotio cordis ... 2] C. Madias, B. J. Maron, J. Weinstock, N. A. M. Estes III, and M. S. Link, "Commotio cordis--sudden cardiac death with chest ...
Title: Commotio Cordis, Sudden Death Due to Innocent Chest Wall Impact: Role of Potassium Ion Channels in Susceptibility of ... Commotio cordis is also reported in hockey, lacrosse, and with bodily contacts in other sports. Death is swift and unusually ... Commotio Cordis, Sudden Death Due to Innocent Chest Wall Impact: Role of Potassium Ion Channels in Susceptibility of Individual ... Sudden death due to low energy chest wall trauma, commotio cordis, is seen in young athletes aged 5 to 18. Although not common ...
... and treatment of commotio cordis. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2014 Jun;16(6):495. PMID: 24760424. [PubMed] [Read by QxMD]. Commotio ... Commotio Cordis - What is it?. *The phenomenon that follows a direct impact to the chest and produces a severe arrhythmia that ... Commotio Cordis - Who is at Risk?. *Athletes *75% of the reported cases are in the setting of sports. ... Commotio cordis. The single, most common cause of traumatic death in youth baseball. Am J Dis Child. 1991 Nov;145(11):1279-82. ...
Commotio Cordis. Pathophysiology:. *Blunt chest trauma over the cardiac silhouette during vulnerable period of cardiac cycle, ... Commotio Cordis. *Most commonly occurs in baseball, lacrosse, ice hockey, softball, and other sports as well as recreational ... The importance of age-specific safety balls for sports at risk for commotio cordis. ... and coaches on the principles and practices for sports where commotio cordis is possible. ...
Although commotio cordis usually involves impact from a baseball, it has also been reported during hockey, softball, lacrosse, ... Much of the understanding of the clinical and pathophysiologic aspects of commotio cordis is the result of work by N.A. Mark ... Re: Commotio-cordis. by Van Canna » Sat Mar 02, 2013 12:42 am ... Re: Commotio-cordis. by Van Canna » Sat Mar 02, 2013 8:29 pm ... Commotio cordis typically involves young, predominantly male, athletes in whom a sudden, blunt, nonpenetrating and innocuous- ...
As you know, in addition to Commotio-cordis, blows to the chest can also cause Contusio-Cordis. Here is a report of a 30 year ... Commotio Cordis Risk Window. For the lay folk:. * The P wave is when the atrium contracts. The atrium contains the heart ... Heres a nice picture that shows the window of risk for commotio cordis on a single cardiac cycle of an EKG. Im leaving it ... Re: Commotio-cordis. by Bill Glasheen » Thu Mar 07, 2013 4:24 am ...
Commotio cordis, revisited. Frazer, Marilee; Mirchandani, Haresh Frazer, Marilee; Mirchandani, Haresh Less ...
Commotio cordis and the epidemiology of sudden death in competitive lacrosse. Authors: BJ Maron, JJ Doerer, TS Haas … ... Beiträge zur pathologischen Anatomie der Contusio und Commotio cordis. Author(s): Christoph Hedinger ... Commotio and contusio cerebri (cerebral concussion). Authors: A Verjaal, F VanT Hooft ...
The blow to the chest resulted in a condition called commotio cordis that left... ... but no gear available in todays market protects against commotio cordis.. I was fortunate to be part of the Commotio Cordis ... Commotio Cordis: A catastrophic blow to the chest. A little over a year ago, Steven Domalewski, a 13-year old Little League ... Commotio cordis (Latin for commotion of the heart) is the perfect storm of the medical world: a number of elements must ...
Clinical profile and spectrum of commotio cordis. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Commotio Cordis Medicine & Life ... Main Outcome Measure Commotio cordis event. Results Of 128 confirmed cases, 122 (95%) were in males and the mean (SD) age was ... Maron, BJ, Gohman, TE, Kyle, SB, Estes, NAM & Link, MS 2002, Clinical profile and spectrum of commotio cordis, Journal of the ... Main Outcome Measure Commotio cordis event. Results Of 128 confirmed cases, 122 (95%) were in males and the mean (SD) age was ...
Commotio Cordis: Tragedy on an Arizona Diamond. In early June 2010 tragedy struck a baseball field in Arizona when a 13-year- ... Preventing Commotio Cordis in Youth Baseball. Young baseball and softball players who receive direct ball impact to the chest ... Commotio cordis is the medical term for a rare disruption of the hearts electrical system resulting from a blunt impact to the ... While commercially available chest protectors have not been shown in any peer-reviewed studies to prevent commotio cordis, ...
Commotio cordis - ventricular fibrillation (cardiac arrest) by direct impact. Commotio cordis - ventricular fibrillation ( ... Velocity in the range of about 65 Km/h is more likely to cause commotio cordis. Soft balls like football with air inside is ... Induction of ventricular fibrillation by a blunt chest trauma is called commotio cordis. In this there is no significant ... The vulnerable period for commotio cordis is usually just 6% of time between two heart beats, just 30 milliseconds. The process ...
Commotio cordis is the medical term for a rare disruption of the hearts electrical system resulting from a blunt impact to the ... While commercially available chest protectors have not been shown in any peer-reviewed studies to prevent commotio cordis, ...
Commotio Cordis. Commotio cordis accounts for 3 percent of deaths in athletes. The mean age of the athlete is 14 years. When a ...
Commotio cordis. N Engl J Med. 2010;362(10):917-27.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar ... Clinical profile and spectrum of commotio cordis. JAMA. 2002;287(9):1142-6.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar ... Increasing survival rate from commotio cordis. Heart Rhythm. 2013;10(2):219-23.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar ... Pneumothorax Commotio cordis Costochondritis Infectious mononucleosis Athletic pubalgia This is a preview of subscription ...
Commotio Cordis (CC) is the second leading cause of mortality in youth sports. Impacts occurring directly over the left ... Evaluation of Injury Criteria for the Prediction of Commotio Cordis from Lacrosse Ball Impacts. 2011-11-07 ...
... commotio cordis). N Engl J Med 338(25):1805-1811.. Link MS, Wang PJ, Maron BJ, Estes NA [1999]. What is commotio cordis? ... Low-energy impact to the precordium resulting in sudden death has been termed commotio cordis [Link 1999; Madias 2007]. Studies ... Madias C, Maron BJ, Alsheikh-Ali AA, Estes Iii NA, Link MS [2007]. Commotio cordis. Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J 7(4):235-245 ...
"Position Statement on Commotio Cordis". US Lacrosse. January 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2017. Ferreira M, Santos-Silva PR, de ... Maron, BJ; Estes, NAM III (March 2010). "Commotio cordis". New England Journal of Medicine. 362 (10): 917-927. doi:10.1056/ ... an exception is commotio cordis, in which the heart is structurally normal but a potentially fatal loss of rhythm occurs ... Sudden cardiac death can usually be attributed to cardiovascular disease or commotio cordis, but about 20% of cases show no ...
Size as an Important Determinant of Chest Blow-induced Commotio Cordis. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Commotio ... N2 - Purpose Commotio cordis is sudden cardiac death caused by a relatively innocent blow to the left chest wall. Adolescents ... AB - Purpose Commotio cordis is sudden cardiac death caused by a relatively innocent blow to the left chest wall. Adolescents ... Purpose Commotio cordis is sudden cardiac death caused by a relatively innocent blow to the left chest wall. Adolescents ...
  • In a series of studies using a swine model of commotio cordis, investigators identified the critical timing and location of blunt chest trauma required to induce ventricular fibrillation and sudden death. (medscape.com)
  • And finally this model has provided basic data to the Wayne State Group (Cindy Bir - NOCSAE Funded 2007) which will be utilized to develop a surrogate mechanical model of commotio cordis, which may then be used to evaluate commercial chest wall protectors. (nocsae.org)
  • Methods In a swine model of commotio cordis, the effect of body weight/size (directly related to age) to the susceptibility of chest impact-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) is examined. (elsevier.com)
  • 9. A Biological Model of Commotio Cordis: Sudden Death From Low Energy Chest Wall Impact. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • Impact directly over the cardiac silhouette is necessary to produce ventricular fibrillation in an experimental model of commotio cordis," Journal of the American College of Cardiology , vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 649-654, 2001. (hindawi.com)
  • The only proven way to prevent commotio cordis is to eliminate bumps to the chest. (verywell.com)
  • While commercially available chest protectors have not been shown in any peer-reviewed studies to prevent commotio cordis, whether such a heart shield provides an extra measure of protection for athletes playing baseball, lacrosse, and hockey, the sports with the highest rates of sudden death from the condition, is unknown. (momsteam.com)
  • Research has shown that no currently available chest protector can prevent commotio cordis. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Unfortunately, there's no way to completely prevent commotio cordis or SCA from occurring. (aed.com)
  • Since the trailing edge of the preceding electrical cycle travels over the ventricular surface, the critical window for mechanical induction of ventricular fibrillation varies locally - i.e. the commotio cordis risk window exists in time and in space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commotio cordis typically involves young, predominantly male, athletes in whom a sudden, blunt, nonpenetrating and innocuous-appearing trauma to the anterior chest results in cardiac arrest and sudden death from ventricular fibrillation. (medscape.com)
  • Clinical and experimental commotio cordis both result from sudden ventricular fibrillation. (medscape.com)
  • L-type calcium channels do not play a critical role in chest blow induced ventricular fibrillation: commotio cordis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Sudden cardiac death due to the induction of ventricular fibrillation (VF) by blunt chest wall blows is defined as commotio cordis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Commotio cordis is a primary electrical event in which both the timing of impact and a rapid rise in left ventricular (LV) pressure are critical [3-6]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Commotio cordis is induction of sudden cardiac arrest and ventricular fibrillation (VF) by chest blunt trauma and nonpenetrating injury without damage to the rib , sternum , and heart in a person without underlying cardiovascular disease . (bvsalud.org)
  • Commotio Cordis Registry illustrated the dangers implicit in striking the chest sharply in any way including lightly or inadvertently Because of these dangers, the investigators recommended the development of chest protectors that more reliably cover the precordium and more efficiently prevent ventricular fibrillation following a precordial blow (JAMA 287[9]:1142-46, 2002). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Over nearly three decades, 43% of sudden deaths in lacrosse were attributed to commotio cordis -- ventricular fibrillation brought on by a blunt, nonpenetrating blow to the chest, according to Barry Maron, MD, of the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • This finding is consistent with laboratory testing in a biological commotio cordis model, which found that "chest barriers did not demonstrate a preventive effect against precordial blow-induced ventricular fibrillation," according to the researchers. (medpagetoday.com)
  • We have previously shown that the initiation of VF in commotio cordis is related to the peak left ventricular pressure generated by the chest wall blow [3-6]. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although acute myocarditis, commotio cordis, and myocardial contusion can all present with malignant ventricular arrhythmia, other clinical features and approaches to management of each disease are very different. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Relatively recent data from the registry of the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation show that commotio cordis is one of the leading causes of sudden cardiac death in young athletes, exceeded only by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and congenital coronary artery abnormalities. (medscape.com)
  • Eligibility and Disqualification Recommendations for Competitive Athletes With Cardiovascular Abnormalities: Task Force 13: Commotio Cordis: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology. (medscape.com)
  • Commotio cordis most commonly affects male teen athletes. (healthline.com)
  • Commotio cordis is the second highest cause of death in athletes younger than 14 years and is a unique occurrence in children, usually younger than 16 years, because they may be uniquely vulnerable to blunt chest impact because their chest walls are more elastic and easily compressed. (momsteam.com)
  • Commercially available chest protectors have not been shown in any peer-reviewed studies to prevent against commotio cordis for athletes playing baseball, lacrosse, hockey and softball, (5) although there have been no reports of an athlete wearing one brand of chest protector (Evoshield) suffering commotio cordis. (momsteam.com)
  • Of ten athletes who experienced commotio cordis from being struck by a lacrosse ball (8) or stick (2), timely defibrillation was performed on 7, with 4 surviving. (momsteam.com)
  • Commotio Cordis, Sudden Death Due to Innocent Chest Wall Impact: Role of Potassium Ion Channels in Susceptibility of Individual Athletes. (nocsae.org)
  • Sudden death due to low energy chest wall trauma, commotio cordis, is seen in young athletes aged 5 to 18. (nocsae.org)
  • Commotio cordis accounts for 3 percent of deaths in athletes. (barnesjewish.org)
  • NOCSAE looks to reduce the risk of death significantly from commotio cordis for athletes using equipment certified to this new standard. (sadlersports.com)
  • The sudden cardiac deaths of 387 young American athletes (under age 35) were analyzed in a 2003 medical review: While most causes of sudden cardiac death relate to congenital or acquired cardiovascular disease, an exception is commotio cordis, in which the heart is structurally normal but a potentially fatal loss of rhythm occurs because of the accident of timing of a blow to the chest. (wikipedia.org)
  • While commotio cordis is rare, most young athletes who die of sudden cardiac death have an underlying cardiac abnormality. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Approximately 50 percent of commotio cordis events are reported in the sports of baseball, softball, ice hockey, football, or lacrosse in which athletes may receive a blow to the chest by a ball, puck, or stick (7). (thesportjournal.org)
  • Even though comotio cordis is just one example of SCA, research demonstrates other types of SCA events can occur with young athletes. (thesportjournal.org)
  • Nationwide, "commotio cordis" strikes about three young athletes a year. (cbslocal.com)
  • Commotio cordis accounts for a disproportionate number of sudden deaths in high school and college lacrosse players, compared with athletes in most major sports, researchers found. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Even a seemingly insignificant or minor blow to the chest can cause commotio cordis, so it's critical that members of the coaching staff, athletes, and parents are all well-informed. (aed.com)
  • Young athletes should be educated about commotio cordis and should protect themselves and their teammates from taking direct blows to the chest during practice and game time. (aed.com)
  • We've talked a lot about the importance of AEDs in the Workplace , but parents of athletes and survivors of commotio cordis would argue that the gymnasium and field house is just as important as a public hallway for automatic external defibrillator placemen t. (aed.com)
  • Another cause of SCA, commotion cordis, can occur when young athletes with structurally normal hearts sustain a blow to the chest. (scielo.org.za)
  • Commotio cordis" has become increasingly recognized as a cause of death in young athletes without evidence of heart disease. (epmonthly.com)
  • He asked Tanguay about commotio cordis, which is sometimes seen in youth athletes who drop dead after a blow to the chest because it interrupts the firing mechanism of the heart, Nuttall said. (cbc.ca)
  • The condition Scott suffered , commotio cordis, is the second most common cause of cardio arrest among athletes. (sheffieldtelegraph.co.uk)
  • In an uncommon clinical entity known as commotio cordis, sudden death from cardiac arrest can occur in young athletes after a blunt blow to the chest, in the absence of preexisting cardiovascular disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • From 1996 to spring 2007, the USA National Commotio Cordis Registry had 188 cases recorded, with about half occurring during organized sports . (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of our understanding of the clinical and pathophysiologic aspects of commotio cordis is the result of work by N.A. Mark Estes III, MD, and Mark S. Link, MD, from the New England Cardiac Arrhythmia Center at the Tufts University and School of Medicine in Boston, Massachusetts and data derived from the US Commotio Cordis Registry (Minneapolis, Minnesota). (medscape.com)
  • According to the latest reported data from US Commotio Cordis Registry, at the time of the incident, 53% of persons struck were engaged in organized competitive athletics. (medscape.com)
  • Has been documented in over 250 cases since the formation of the United States Commotio Cordis Registry in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1998, although the true number of deaths is unknown because of underreporting and misclassification. (momsteam.com)
  • Epidemiology of Commotio Cordis: Maintenance of the National Registry. (nocsae.org)
  • What is known regarding the epidemiology and clinical features of commotio cordis predominantly emanate from the National Registry assembled in Minneapolis under the supervision of Dr. Barry J. Maron at Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation. (nocsae.org)
  • The Commotio Cordis Registry began with the first 25 cases reported in 1995 in the New England Journal of Medicine (Maron BJ, et al. (nocsae.org)
  • furthermore, the series of animal experiments conducted at Tufts-New England Medical Center by Dr. Mark Link have relied in their design substantially on the clinical profile of commotio cordis developed from the Registry. (nocsae.org)
  • It is important to continue the assembly of commotio cordis cases and to maintain the Registry, as the clinical spectrum of this unusual but heterogeneous clinical entity is not yet completely understood or described. (nocsae.org)
  • Much of the understanding of the clinical and pathophysiologic aspects of commotio cordis is the result of work by N.A. Mark Estes III, MD, and Mark S. Link, MD, from the New England Cardiac Arrhythmia Center at the Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston, Massachusetts and data derived from the National Commotio Cordis Registry (Minneapolis, Minnesota). (uechi-ryu.com)
  • Nearly 250 cases have been reported to the National Commotio Cordis Registry. (uechi-ryu.com)
  • Design and Setting Analysis of confirmed cases from the general community assembled in the US Commotio Cordis Registry occurring up to September 1, 2001. (elsevier.com)
  • Since 1995, the U.S. Commotio Cordis Registry received reports of over 225 cases. (sadlersports.com)
  • More than 224 cases have been reported to the US Commotio Cordis Registry since 1995. (aed.com)
  • Researchers at the U.S. Commotio Cordis Registry studied 124 cases and found the average age is 14. (mottchildren.org)
  • Commotio cordis ( Latin , "agitation of the heart") is an often lethal disruption of heart rhythm that occurs as a result of a blow to the area directly over the heart (the precordial region ), at a critical time during the cycle of a heart beat causing cardiac arrest . (wikipedia.org)
  • Commotio cordis occurs mostly in boys and young men (average age 15), usually during sports , most frequently baseball, often despite a chest protector. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commotio cordis is an often-fatal injury that occurs when you're hit in the chest and that impact triggers a dramatic change in the rhythm of your heart. (healthline.com)
  • Commotio cordis occurs most frequently in baseball, but sudden death owing to chest impact has also been reported in hockey, lacrosse, softball, and after bodily impacts in other sports. (bmj.com)
  • What is interesting to note is that commotio cordis usually occurs only when a projectile travels at a relatively slow speed, usually between 20 and 50 mph. (sadlersports.com)
  • Commotio cordis, one cause of SCA, occurs when an athlete receives as a blunt, non-penetrating trauma to the chest causing an irregular heart rhythm, frequently resulting in death (9). (thesportjournal.org)
  • Commotio cordis occurs primarily in baseball, lacrosse, and hockey, but the epidemiology of the events had not been well studied, the researchers said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Commotio cordis most frequently occurs in those aged between 10 and 18 years. (aed.com)
  • Based on studies showing that softer baseballs meeting specifications set by the National Operating Committee on Standard for Athletic Equipment (level 1, 2, 3), reduce the risk of commotio cordis, their use was recently endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics. (momsteam.com)
  • There is also something else to be taken into consideration, and that is the problem of possible unbeknownst underlying congenital conditions, i.e.,abnormalities in cardiac depolarization and repolarization that might render an individual susceptible or contribute to the commotio cordis. (uechi-ryu.com)
  • however, most often death is a result of genetic heart abnormalities, structural abnormalities, or commotio cordis. (aed.com)
  • that the chances of surviving an incident of commotio cordis are enhanced if a shock from an automated external defibrillator (AED) can be delivered promptly. (sadlersports.com)
  • Commotio cordis is a phenomenon in which a sudden blunt impact to the chest causes sudden death in the absence of cardiac damage. (smore.com)
  • Playing any sport where you're at risk for blunt trauma to the chest increases your chances of commotio cordis. (healthline.com)
  • Commotio Cordis is the medical term for a rare disruption of the heart's electrical system resulting from a blunt impact to the chest that leads to sudden cardiac arrest . (momsteam.com)
  • Chest protectors and vests are designed to reduce trauma from blunt bodily injury, but this does not offer protection from commotio cordis and may offer a false sense of security. (uechi-ryu.com)
  • Context Although blunt, nonpenetrating chest blows causing sudden cardiac death (commotio cordis) are often associated with competitive sports, dangers implicit in such blows can extend into many other life activities. (elsevier.com)
  • In trauma patients who may be have blunt chest trauma , including TA, emergency medical service providers must perform continuous monitoring with commotio cordis in mind, and perform defibrillation and CPR immediately if VF arises. (bvsalud.org)
  • Commotio cordis can occur when a blunt injury to the chest sends a small electrical charge to the heart. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Additionally, this review discusses rarely encountered-yet highly lethal-chest wall injuries such as blunt cardiac injuries, commotio cordis, nonaccidental trauma, and aortic injuries. (ebmedicine.net)
  • Children especially are vulnerable to a condition known as 'commotio cordis' - a sudden and often fatal disturbance in heart rhythm sometimes caused by a blunt impact to the precordial region of the chest which is transmitted to the heart,' he tells Danger Room. (wired.com)
  • This Human Effects Advisory Report noted that 'the Sticky Shocker's blunt impact could cause commotio cordis, which will cause death. (wired.com)
  • Commotio cordis: blunt force transmitted directly to the heart which results in cessation of cardiac activity. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Although commotio cordis usually involves impact from a baseball, it has also been reported during hockey, softball, lacrosse, karate, and other sports activities in which a relatively hard and compact projectile or bodily contact caused impact to the person's precordium. (medscape.com)
  • The commotio cordis sudden-death rate is highest in lacrosse (.63 deaths per 100,000 person-years), hockey (.53 deaths per 100,000 person-years) and baseball (.24 deaths per 100,000 person-years), rates significantly higher than in other sports. (momsteam.com)
  • Commotio Cordis and the Epidemilogy of Sudden Death in Competitive Lacrosse. (momsteam.com)
  • Commotio cordis has also been documented in hockey, lacrosse, karate and has happened at least once from a soccer ball. (verywell.com)
  • Commotio cordis is also reported in hockey, lacrosse, and with bodily contacts in other sports. (nocsae.org)
  • I was fortunate to be part of the Commotio Cordis Summit in May, hosted by US Lacrosse the governing body for lacrosse. (typepad.com)
  • The sport with the highest incidence of commotio cordis is baseball, followed by softball, hockey, football, soccer and lacrosse. (sadlersports.com)
  • In lacrosse and other sports such as baseball and hockey, however, another unpredictable and relatively uncommon source of cardiac death has been recognized - commotio cordis. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • To date, there have been 14 cases of commotio cordis in lacrosse, including the Feb. 7 death of a 12-year-old player in upstate New York. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Organizations such as the Louis J. Acompora Memorial Foundation and US Lacrosse have recognized the risk of sudden death and specifically commotio cordis in the sport of lacrosse. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Point out that commotio cordis accounted for a greater percentage of sudden deaths in lacrosse compared with most other sports. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The recent and sudden death of men's lacrosse co-captain George Boiardi '04 highlights the rising dangers of a phenomenon only recently known as commotio cordis. (cornellsun.com)
  • Commotio Cordis - a concussion of the heart that can occur when someone is hit in the chest in the area of the heart. (uiltexas.org)
  • But statistics show that somewhere between 20 and 30 percent of commotio cordis victims collapsed while wearing chest protection of some sort. (sadlersports.com)
  • Commotio cordis may also occur in other situations, such as in children who are punished with blows over the precordium, cases of torture , and frontal collisions of motor vehicles (the impact of the steering wheel against the thorax, although this has decreased substantially with the use of safety belts and air bags ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sudden death resulting from relatively minor chest wall blows (commotio cordis) has been described in the medical literature since the late 1970s. (bmj.com)
  • Bill, As you know, in addition to Commotio-cordis, blows to the chest can also cause Contusio-Cordis. (uechi-ryu.com)
  • Even light blows to chest can cause Commotio Cordis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The remaining 10% relate to other cardiac electrical disorders, such as long-QT syndrome and Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, or commotio cordis (the result of sudden sharp chest blows), as well as complications of asthma, substance misuse, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (mja.com.au)
  • An experimental model of sudden death due to low-energy chest-wall impact (commotio cordis)," The New England Journal of Medicine , vol. 338, no. 25, pp. 1805-1811, 1998. (hindawi.com)
  • Commotio cordis often results in sudden death without prompt cardiopulmonary defibrillation. (bioportfolio.com)
  • More cases may occur annually, but aren't reported as commotio cordis due to poor public understanding of the condition. (healthline.com)
  • Commotio Cordis - Why does it occur? (pedemmorsels.com)
  • For commotio cordis to occur, the impact has to be precisely timed to strike the heart during a 15 to 30-millisecond phase of the electrical cycle. (sadlersports.com)
  • We discussed commotio cordis at length in March, but in a nutshell, this rare cause of sudden cardiac death can occur in anyone. (aed.com)
  • looking at the global epidemiology of commotion cordis to compare the USA with other countries, found that soccer, cricket, hockey and rugby are the most common causes internationally. (scielo.org.za)
  • Global epidemiology and demographics of commotio cordis. (scielo.org.za)
  • Some observers believe that commotio cordis may include a component of coronary artery vasospasm, myocardial contusion, or both. (medscape.com)
  • Non-penetrating cardiac traumatisms can cause cardiac rupture, myocardial contusion or, rarely, commotio cordis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The underlying cause of sudden cardiac death was hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in 5, commotio cordis in 2, and myocardial infarction in 1. (nih.gov)
  • METHODS: A case report and review of literature via MEDLINE (1996-2004) search using the key words "myocarditis," "commotio cordis," and "myocardial contusion. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In most reported cases of commotio cordis, sudden death follows a seemingly inconsequential, nonpenetrating blow to the chest. (medscape.com)
  • Commotio cordis is a Latin term (meaning commotion or disturbance of the heart) that describes sudden cardiac arrest from a blow to the chest. (verywell.com)
  • The blow to the chest resulted in a condition called commotio cordis that left Steven in a coma for months after the injury. (typepad.com)
  • Conclusions The expanded spectrum of commotio cordis illustrates the potential dangers implicit in striking the chest, regardless of the intent or force of the blow. (elsevier.com)
  • Purpose Commotio cordis is sudden cardiac death caused by a relatively innocent blow to the left chest wall. (elsevier.com)
  • Commotio cordis is a sudden cardiac arrhythmia caused by a direct blow to the chest. (sadlersports.com)
  • Sudden blow to the chest directly over the heart (commotio cordis). (chop.edu)
  • Commotio cordis is an electrical disturbance cases by a blow to the chest. (mottchildren.org)
  • With training in basic CPR and a supply of automated external defibrillators (AED) for application to trauma patients , the survival rate of commotio cordis patients can be increased. (bvsalud.org)
  • Commotio cordis (Latin for 'commotion of the heart') is the perfect storm of the medical world: a number of elements must combine together in order for an injury to cause commotio cordis rather than just a painful hit to the chest. (typepad.com)
  • This volume includes chapters on high altitude deaths, the role of 3D-printing applied to forensic investigations, photogrammetry, commotion cordis (an uncommon cause of fatal cardiac arrest) and the cricoid cartilage. (springer.com)
  • Karen Acompora and her husband, John, learned all they could about the "arrhythmic event" called commotion cordis that killed their son, which, at the time, was nearly as tough to find as an AED in a public school. (la12.org)
  • To prevent deaths from commotio cordis it is necessary to train coaches, bystanders and other sports personnel in the recognition of this event and timely response . (momsteam.com)
  • However, it is also possible that deaths resulting from chest impact in cricket may not be reported as commotio cordis as there is a relative lack of awareness of this event. (bmj.com)
  • In my opinion, preventing deaths from commotio cordis is all about responding quickly and appropriately if it happens. (verywell.com)
  • The proportion of deaths attributed to commotio cordis in baseball (27%) and hockey (24%) tended to be lower, but the differences did not reach statistical significance. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In 128 cases of commotio cordis documented before September 1, 2001, 25% of those treated immediately survived. (verywell.com)
  • Considering the clinical presentation of the patient, the normal coronary angiography, and the findings of the CMR examination, we made the diagnosis of contusio cordis. (uechi-ryu.com)
  • The leading cardiac causes include diseases of the myocardium, cardiac channelopathies, myocarditis and trauma to the chest (commotio cordis). (uio.no)
  • sub.ATP] channel is among the stretch sensitive ion channels that have been implicated in the pathophysiology of commotio cordis [7]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • An experimental model of sudden death due to low-energy chest-wall impact (commotio cordis). (forensicmed.co.uk)
  • Diagnosed cases of commotio cordis are unusual. (healthline.com)
  • 1-6 There are no known cases in cricket, but given that the ball is quite similar in size, weight, and hardness to a baseball, cricket players may also be at risk for commotio cordis. (bmj.com)
  • Safety baseballs do seem to reduce the likelihood of commotio cordis in studies, although there are some documented cases involving softer baseballs marketed for safety that still caused commotio cordis. (verywell.com)
  • Another element in most cases of commotio cordis is that boys and young men are typically the victims, which has been attributed to lack of full development of the chest wall. (typepad.com)
  • If an AED is not used in cases of Commotio Cordis with-in 3 min. (cbslocal.com)
  • The other 10 cases, which included the four survivors, were attributed to commotio cordis. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Cardiac concussion (or commotio cordis) was first described in the 1930s, and now accounts for 5-10 cases each year in the USA. (forensicmed.co.uk)
  • 2. Madias C, Maron BJ, Weinstock J, Estes III NAM, Link MS. Commotio Cordis - Sudden Cardiac Death with Chest Wall Impact. (tuftsmedicalcenter.org)
  • If this is the case, then blocking [I.sub.Ca,L] prior to chest wall impact should reduce the incidence of VF in commotio cordis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • An increase in size of the individual, rather than reduced play of ball sports, is the likely reason for the decreased commotio cordis incidence in older individuals. (elsevier.com)
  • Most commonly occurring in the setting of sport, commotio cordis has been reported with increasing frequency [1, 2]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Commotio cordis events occurred most commonly during organized sporting events (79 [62%]), such as baseball, but 49 (38%) occurred as part of daily routine and recreational activities. (elsevier.com)
  • Persons with a commotio cordis event are typically found to be unresponsive, apneic, pulseless, and without an audible heartbeat. (medscape.com)
  • Commotio cordis is the most compelling reason I can think of for coaches and parents to learn CPR and for youth sports fields to own defibrillators. (verywell.com)
  • Researchers have induced commotio cordis fairly consistently by shooting baseballs at pigs timed to just the right moment. (verywell.com)
  • At present, whether these conditions have a pathophysiologic role in commotio cordis has not been confirmed, but seems unlikely. (medscape.com)
  • Human victims of commotio cordis are young, healthy, and predominantly male. (bmj.com)
  • These factors influence the chance of commotio cordis:[citation needed] Direction of impact over the precordium (precise area, angle of impact) Total applied energy (area of impact versus energy, i.e., the kinetic energy of the projectile E k = 1 2 m v 2 {\displaystyle E_{\text{k}}={\tfrac {1}{2}}mv^{2}} ) Impact occurring within a specific 10- to 30-millisecond portion of the cardiac cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Young baseball and softball players who receive direct ball impact to the chest wall directly over the heart may develop sudden cardiac arrest, a condition called commotio cordis. (momsteam.com)
  • Selective activation of the K(+)(ATP) channel is a mechanism by which sudden death is produced by low-energy chest-wall impact (commotio cordis)," Circulation , vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 413-418, 1999. (hindawi.com)
  • Only 20% of commotio cordis victims survive and all were treated in under 3 minutes. (typepad.com)
  • The most well-equipped areas often clock in response times of 7 minutes or more -- too late for most victims of commotio cordis. (typepad.com)
  • The American Heart Association notes that "resuscitation, once thought to be nearly universally unsuccessful, has now been demonstrated to be successful in up to 35% of commotio cordis victims. (aed.com)
  • Commotio Cordis is seen mostly in athletics who are partaking in a sport with projectiles such as a baseball. (smore.com)
  • A baseball striking the chest can lead to commotio cordis. (verywell.com)