An island group and constitutional monarchy in the southwest central Pacific Ocean. The capital is Apia. The islands were jointly administered by England, the United States, and Germany 1889-99, with the chief islands of Savai'i and Upolu recognized as German until 1919. Western Samoa gained independence in 1962 and assumed its present formal name in 1997.
A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.
The collective name for islands of the Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines, including the Mariana, PALAU, Caroline, Marshall, and Kiribati Islands. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p761 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p350)
A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.
An island in Micronesia, east of the Philippines, the largest and southernmost of the Marianas. Its capital is Agana. It was discovered by Magellan in 1521 and occupied by Spain in 1565. They ceded it to the United States in 1898. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States, administered by the Department of the Interior since 1950. The derivation of the name Guam is in dispute. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p471)
A group of islands of SAMOA, in the southwest central Pacific. Its capital is Pago Pago. The islands were ruled by native chiefs until about 1869. An object of American interest beginning in 1839, Pago Pago and trading and extraterritorial rights were granted to the United States in 1878. The United States, Germany, and England administered the islands jointly 1889-99, but in 1899 they were granted to the United States by treaty. The Department of the Interior has administered American Samoa since 1951. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p44)
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A semi-synthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic that is used in the treatment of TUBERCULOSIS.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
A plant species of the genus SCUTELLARIA, family LAMIACEAE, that contains skullcapflavone and is used in CHINESE HERBAL DRUGS.
A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.
A group of FLAVONOIDS characterized with a 4-ketone.
A chronic, fungal, subcutaneous infection endemic in rural regions in South America and Central America. The causal organism is Lacazia labol.
An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA containing many medically important species. There are four families and mitosporic (anamorphic) forms are prominent.
Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
A lung with reduced markings on its chest radiograph and increased areas of transradiancy (hyperlucency). A hyperlucent lung is usually associated with pulmonary emphysema or PNEUMOTHORAX.
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
Nerve fibers that are capable of rapidly conducting impulses away from the neuron cell body.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.

Life expectancy in Central and Eastern European countries and newly independent states of the former Soviet Union: changes by gender. (1/25)

AIM: To examine changes in life expectancy at birth for countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union (NIS) for the period 1989-1996. Differences in the change by gender were examined and several factors which likely bear on the changes were discussed. Methods. Data from the WHO Health for All European Data Base were used to determine changes in life expectancy and selected economic factors for CEE and NIS countries. RESULTS: Changes in life expectancy varied by gender in both CEE and the NIS, with the difference increasing for the two groups during the period with the largest increase occurring in the NIS. Both male and female life expectancy declined, with male life expectancy dropping at a more rapid rate. In 1994, the year in which most, but not all countries, reached a low point, life expectancy for males had declined below 60 years for two countries. CONCLUSIONS: The most striking point about the decline in life expectancies was the short period in which the declines occurred, especially in the NIS. It is not possible to determine the exact cause for the changes, but there are likely multiple reasons. It is not completely clear why the decline in life expectancy was greater for males, although the linkage between economic and behavioral and lifestyle factors appear to have some association. Further research is necessary to determine why effects by gender vary so greatly and whether the negative outcomes are a short-term anomaly or will persist.  (+info)

Occupational cancer in the European part of the Commonwealth of Independent States. (2/25)

Precise information on the number of workers currently exposed to carcinogens in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is lacking. However, the large number of workers employed in high-risk industries such as the chemical and metal industries suggests that the number of workers potentially exposed to carcinogens may be large. In the CIS, women account for almost 50% of the industrial work force. Although no precise data are available on the number of cancers caused by occupational exposures, indirect evidence suggests that the magnitude of the problem is comparable to that observed in Western Europe, representing some 20,000 cases per year. The large number of women employed in the past and at present in industries that create potential exposure to carcinogens is a special characteristic of the CIS. In recent years an increasing amount of high-quality research has been conducted on occupational cancer in the CIS; there is, however, room for further improvement. International training programs should be established, and funds from international research and development programs should be devoted to this area. In recent years, following privatization of many large-scale industries, access to employment and exposure data is becoming increasingly difficult.  (+info)

The changing epidemiology of diphtheria in the vaccine era. (3/25)

The epidemic of diphtheria in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union has drawn attention to our incomplete understanding of the epidemiology of diphtheria. Many unanswered questions remain concerning the reasons for a resurgence of diphtheria and for the shift in the age of patients and concerning the mechanisms for acquisition of immunity in adults through natural infection under unfavorable living conditions. Other unanswered questions relate to the precise role of socioeconomic factors and hygiene conditions in the initiation, buildup, and spread of the epidemic. Important characteristics of the NIS epidemic can be used to help predict the spread of future diphtheria epidemics. These characteristics include a high proportion of infected adults, a progressive spread of disease from urban centers to rural areas, and transition from initial amplification of disease in groups with high rates of close contacts in focalized, well-distinguished outbreaks to a more generalized epidemic.  (+info)

Successful control of epidemic diphtheria in the states of the Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: lessons learned. (4/25)

Epidemic diphtheria reemerged in the Russian Federation in 1990 and spread to all Newly Independent States (NIS) and Baltic States by the end of 1994. Factors contributing to the epidemic included increased susceptibility of both children and adults, socioeconomic instability, population movement, deteriorating health infrastructure, initial shortages of vaccine, and delays in implementing control measures. In 1995, aggressive control strategies were implemented, and since then, all affected countries have reported decreases of diphtheria; however, continued efforts by national health authorities and international assistance are still needed. The legacy of this epidemic includes a reexamination of the global diphtheria control strategy, new laboratory techniques for diphtheria diagnosis and analysis, and a model for future public health emergencies in the successful collaboration of multiple international partners. The reemergence of diphtheria warns of an immediate threat of other epidemics in the NIS and Baltic States and a longer-term potential for the reemergence of vaccine-preventable diseases elsewhere. Continued investment in improved vaccines, control strategies, training, and laboratory techniques is needed.  (+info)

Diphtheria surveillance and control in the Former Soviet Union and the Newly Independent States. (5/25)

The Newly Independent States (NIS) inherited a common approach to diphtheria control from the Soviet Union and maintained a centralized system of surveillance and control managed by Soviet-trained epidemiologists with a shared professional culture. This system had controlled a diphtheria resurgence in the 1980s. In response to the epidemic of the 1990s, NIS health authorities responded with a set of control measures based on the Soviet-era experience. These measures included intensified childhood vaccination, aggressive case investigation, widespread diphtheria screening in institutions, and vaccination of adults in high-risk occupation groups. These measures proved insufficient due to high levels of susceptibility among adults, excessive contraindications to childhood vaccination, and insufficient resources in many countries. After these initial delays in implementing effective measures in some countries, most of the NIS health authorities rapidly and successfully implemented mass immunization of the population against diphtheria once the strategy was adopted and sufficient vaccine was available.  (+info)

Immunogenicity of tetanus-diphtheria toxoids (Td) among Ukrainian adults: implications for diphtheria control in the Newly Independent States of the Former Soviet Union. (6/25)

After 30 years of control, epidemic diphtheria returned to the Soviet Union in 1990. To develop control strategies, the immunogenicity of the tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td) vaccine was assessed. Workers who were 18-67 years old received two Td immunizations separated by 30 days. A neutralization assay determined diphtheria antitoxin (DAT) on enrollment and on days 7, 30, 60, and 425. On enrollment, 43.0% of 488 workers had DAT <0.1 IU/mL. After one dose, 88.5% had DAT >/=0.1 IU/mL, after two doses, 92.2% had >/=0.1 IU/mL and >90% of participants <30 or >/=50 years of age attained >/=1.0 IU/mL; however, only 78.4% of those who were 30-39 years old and 51.8% of those who were 40-49 years old achieved >/=1.0 IU/mL after two doses. To control the epidemic in Ukraine, one Td dose should be administered to virtually the entire population (persons 30-49 years old require three doses of Td for optimal individual protection and to maximize population immunity).  (+info)

Epidemic diphtheria in the Newly Independent States of the Former Soviet Union: implications for diphtheria control in the United States. (7/25)

The re-emergence of diphtheria in the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union in the 1990s raised global awareness of the potential for resurgent disease in countries with long-standing immunization programs. In the United States, the large population of susceptible adults and the possibility of a reintroduction of toxigenic strains of diphtheria create a setting in which diphtheria could spread. In addition, at least one focus of continued circulation of endemic toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae has been identified. Few physicians now have expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of persons with diphtheria, and laboratory capacity is lacking throughout the country. These concerns highlight the importance of maintaining high levels of age-appropriate diphtheria toxoid vaccination, surveillance, accessible and reliable laboratory testing, and training of health care providers. Although the risk of resurgence of diphtheria in the United States is low, public health authorities must ensure that the capacity to recognize, diagnose, and control diphtheria is maintained.  (+info)

Implications of the diphtheria epidemic in the Former Soviet Union for immunization programs. (8/25)

The massive diphtheria epidemic in the former Soviet Union provides important lessons for all diphtheria immunization programs: It is important to achieve a high level of childhood immunization, maintain immunity against diphtheria in older age groups, and use anti-epidemic measures, including immunization, to control epidemics in the early phase. The immunization coverage among children should be at least 90%. Further studies are needed to elaborate the most effective strategy to maintain immunity against diphtheria in adults (periodic booster doses, immunization of selected age groups in health care settings, use of Td [tetanus-diphtheria toxoids with reduced diphtheria toxoid content] vaccine instead of monovalent tetanus toxoid whenever tetanus toxoid is indicated [e.g., in treatment of wounds or in school-based immunization programs]). Efforts should be undertaken to monitor diphtheria immunity in different groups by conducting age-specific serologic studies.  (+info)

Richard Bransons address at the Commonwealth Day Observance in Westminster Abbey. Commonwealth Theme 2012 - Connecting Cultures. Commonwealth Theme 2011 - Women, Agents of Change. Commonwealth Theme 2010 - Science, Technology and Society. Commonwealth Theme 2009 - The [email protected] - Serving a New Generation Commonwealth Theme 2008 - The Environment - Our Future. Commonwealth Theme 2007 - Respecting Difference, Promoting Understanding. Commonwealth Theme 2006 - Health and Vitality. Commonwealth Theme 2005 - Education - Creating Opportunity, Realising Potential. Commonwealth Theme 2004 - Building a Commonwealth of Freedom. Commonwealth Theme 2003 - Partners in Development. Commonwealth Theme 2002 - Diversity. Commonwealth Theme 2001 - A New Generation. Commonwealth Theme 2000 - Sharing Knowledge - The Communications Challenge. Commonwealth Theme 1999 - Music. Commonwealth Theme 1998 - Sport Brings Us Together. Commonwealth Theme 1997 - Talking to One ...
1945: During post-war efforts to bring scientists who worked for the Third Reich into the United States, the US War Department obeys President Trumans order to exclude scientists who supported Nazism, rather than rewriting candidates files to conceal the evidence. The United States and the Soviet Union divide the German scientists with more equality. In particular, the Soviet Union acquires Arthur Rudolf, former operations director of the Mittelwerk factory at the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camps.. January, 1946: Rather than anticipating a post-war crisis of overproduction in the USA, Soviet economists predict that the United States will try to avoid the crisis by maintaining its wartime military industry and trying to open the new Europe and Asia to free trade. Based on their advice, Stalin now views the United States as the chief threat to the Soviet Union, instead of the reemergence of Germany or Japan. Continue reading. ...
CoCl36NH3. Yellow. 3. [ Co ( NH3 ) 6 ] Cl3. CoCl35NH3. Purple. 2. [ Co ( NH3 ) 5Cl ] Cl2. CoCl34NH3. Green. 1. trans- [ Co ( NH3 ) 4Cl2 ] Cl. CoCl34NH3. Violet. 1. cis- [ Co ( NH3 ) 4Cl2 ] Cl. The constructions of the composites were proposed based on a coordination domain of 6. The 6 ligands can be amonia molecules or chloride ions. Two different constructions were proposed for the last two compounds, the trans compound has two chloride ions on opposit vertices of an octahedral, whereas the the two chloride ions are next to each other in the Commonwealth of Independent States compound. The Commonwealth of Independent States and trans compounds are known as geometric isomers.. Other Co composites studied by Werner are besides interesting. It has been predicted that the complex Co ( NH2CH2CH2NH2 ) 2ClNH3 ] 2+ should be in two signifiers, which are mirror images of each other. Werner isolated solids of the two signifiers, and structural surveies confirmed his readings. The ligand NH2CH2CH2NH2 is ...
The Commonwealth Paraplegic Games were an international, multi-sport event involving athletes with a disability from the Commonwealth countries. The event was sometimes referred to as the Paraplegic Empire Games and British Commonwealth Paraplegic Games. Athletes were generally those with spinal injuries or polio. The Games were an important milestone in the Paralympic sports movement as they began the decline of the Stoke Mandeville Games dominating influence. The event was first held in 1962 and disestablished in 1974. The Games were held in the country hosting the Commonwealth Games for able-bodied athletes. The countries that had hosted the Commonwealth Paraplegic Games were Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and Scotland. Six countries - Australia, England, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales - had been represented at all Commonwealth Paraplegic Games. Australia and England had been the top-ranking nation two times each: 1962, 1974 and 1966, 1970 respectively. The Games were the ...
WHO has developed a series of fact sheets for the 11 newly independent states (NIS). The fact sheets clearly demonstrate the positive health impact of strong tobacco control policies consistent with the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The projections show that smoking prevalence can be reduced by at least 28.5% within five years, 39.1% within 15 years and 46% within 40 years across the NIS. This work was made possible in the context of the Project on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, financed by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.. ...
Our flagship report maps health trends, charts progress towards achieving health goals and provides an advance base for health policy Highlights. Full report ...
A system and method for the in-vivo measurement of optical characteristics of a cornea includes an ellipsometer which measures the phase shift in reflected light after it has passed through the cornea or been reflected from the retina. This ellipsometer has a polarizing unit which selectively irradiates the cornea with light having one of four preselected linearly independent states of polarization (irradiation states). For each irradiation state, an analyzing unit in the ellipsometer selectively detects reflected light with one of four preselected linearly independent states of polarization (detection states). With the consequent sixteen ellipsometer measurements, a Muller matrix is generated which reveals the birefringent characteristics of the portion of the cornea through which the light passed. These measurements are then used in determining the birefringent characteristics of the cornea. Alternatively, birefringent properties of the deeper retinal layers can be determined.
Around this time last year, I was in the process of writing my first full-length play. And struggling. Very little is truly known about the German side of my family - for long enough, we all believed my Granddad that we came from Bavaria. Lets play some basic Geography: Bavaria - an independent state and…
GLASGOW, Scotland, April 8. GREAT Britains long course nationals, which begins Thursday in Glasgow, will feature hundreds of swimmers racing for the privilege of returning to the Tollcross International Swimming Center this August for the Commonwealth Games.. This weeks meet will act as part of the selection process for the English, Scottish and Welsh squads that will race at the Commonwealth Games. That internationally-prominent meet is the only time Great Britains swimmers race for their home nations instead of the all-encompassing British team, so we might see lots of swimmers placing as low as fourth or fifth still celebrating as they gain selection to race against the best in the Commonwealth.. English swimmers will have the toughest time earning selection to the Commonwealth team, as qualifying times for the English team are equivalent to the time posted by the third-fastest swimmer from a Commonwealth nation last summer. Thats a 21.67 in the mens 50 free, 59.97 in the womens 100 ...
ifferent people play poker when it comes to a variety of good reasons why. And people are often a major number of reasons. Acquiring Poker is about it all for the money. This does not so high, that you can grab or should display expression batteries or earn a lot of tournament titles. They could very well often be byproducts along with profit for these concerns for other reasons, it doesnt have for you to play to win food. bandarqq is a dinghy to take more when compared to what endanger the poker table, the proportion of cash. If you play to help win, is what number in making money, but not to waste money, just putting money at possibility to speak at some end of the game, gear, which mathematically any more money.. Some players participate real money, this to the great success of the players, many are generally objectives of a new other is serious by love, Principles of ego. During the capacity linked Oman vital position of the self confidence to win currently the meet the egotistical wish of ...
The Commonwealth Festival of Lifesaving will be held from 8th to 12th August 2017 at the Kings Park Swimming Pool, Durban, KwaZulu Natal.. The new look festival aims to encourage participation, lifesaving development and the bringing together of the Lifesaving Family. This will be achieved through the introduction of an individual skill element and a sports development section (non-competitive) in addition to the more tradition Commonwealth Lifesaving Championships.. Commonwealth Championships for National and Development Teams from all in the Commonwealth.. Events to include:. ...
|p|The Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy surveys fill important information gaps by polling patients and providers in a number of developed countries. The 2017 edition of this survey focused on the experiences of the seniors population (adults 65 and older) in 11 countries.|/p| |p||strong|Companion products|/strong||/p| |ul| |li||strong|Page:|/strong| |a href=https://www.cihi.ca/en/commonwealth-fund-survey-2017|Commonwealth Fund survey, 2017|/a||/li| |li||strong|Data table: |/strong||a href=https://www.cihi.ca/sites/default/files/document/cmwf-2017-data-tables-en-web.xlsx|How Canada Compares: Results From The Commonwealth Fund’s 2017 International Health Policy Survey of Older Adults in 11 Countries (XLSX)|/a||/li| |li||strong|Methodological notes: |/strong||a href=https://www.cihi.ca/sites/default/files/document/cmwf-2017-methnotes-en.pdf|How Canada Compares: Results From The Commonwealth Fund’s 2017 International Health Policy Survey of Older Adults in 11
The countries of the Commonwealth share more than a common heritage of British rule. They also share a disproportionate burden of communicable disease, particularly HIV and tuberculosis. Yet there are also considerable success stories within Commonwealth countries in controlling these diseases-and these too should be shared. The Commonwealth heads of government meeting in Durban in November provides such an opportunity.. Though Commonwealth countries represent only 29.5% of the global population, they account for 60.5% of cases of HIV and 42.3% of those of tuberculosis (see figure and fuller table on www.bmj.com).1 2 The … ...
Re:creation will work with LARVAs multi-territory licensing partner for Plush Toys, Novelties and Plastic Collectibles, Commonwealth Toys, to launch a series of plush character toys in the UK. Adrian Mayes, Re:creation Sales Director, said: LARVAs following is incredibly impressive and its clear that fans simply cant get enough of the adventures of Red and Yellow. With new series LARVA Island now airing on Netflix and a theatrical release expected next year, the good news for this property just keeps coming.. The plush collection captures the unique personalities within the show perfectly and lives up to the strength of the LARVA brand. Were delighted to be on board with the team at Commonwealth Toys to introduce this exciting line to the UK audience.. Alec Kessler, EVP of Commonwealth Toy & Novelty, added: We are thrilled to have a company like Re:creation recognise the potential of our LARVA toy line. This partnership will allow Commonwealth Toy to leverage the strength of ...
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FOOTNOTES. [Note 1] The defendants statements differed as to whether the knife was in her purse or in her sweater pocket. [Note 2] The defendant relies, in part, on the fact that she is five feet, two inches, tall and weighed ninety-eight pounds, while the victim was five feet, ten inches, tall and weighed one hundred and ninety pounds. [Note 3] The Commonwealths position as to proof did not deteriorate between the time that the Commonwealth rested and the close of all the evidence. Commonwealth v. Amazeen, 375 Mass. 73 , 80 (1978). [Note 4] There was no error in the prosecutors opening statement in which he said that robbery was the motive for the crime. The prosecutor was entitled to state in his opening whatever he reasonably and in good faith expected to prove by evidence. Commonwealth v. Fazio, 375 Mass. 451 , 454-456 (1978). Although the testimony predicted by the prosecution did not materialize, there is no indication in the record that the statements concerning [robbery] were made ...
The demographic characteristics of different regions in the former Soviet Union influence the nature of poverty in the newly successor independent states of the FSU. Despite a common policy inheritance, major adjustments are needed in the major social protection instruments to reflect differences in demographics along with a changing resource base.
JULY 22, 1999. Mr. Chairman and Members of the Committee, I am pleased to appear before you today to discuss the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, recent developments in HIV research, and the many challenges that remain in the fight against HIV and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).. The Scope of the Epidemic. AIDS was recognized eighteen years ago this summer, and continues to exact an enormous toll throughout the world, in both human and economic terms. In the United States, the rate of new HIV infections-approximately 40,000 per year-remains unacceptably high, despite an encouraging downturn in new AIDS cases and AIDS-related deaths.. In the developing world, the HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to accelerate, notably in sub-Saharan Africa, southeast Asia and on the Indian sub-continent. There are also signs of expanding epidemics in Russia and other New Independent States of the former Soviet Union. As of the end of 1998, more than 33 million people worldwide were living ...
Mission is developing, implementing, and promoting tools for effective HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care, and support in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union. Includes news, a list of projects, donation information, and photos. English and Russian. ...
Aspen is a leading global player in specialty and generic pharmaceuticals with an extensive basket of products that provide treatment for a broad spectrum of acute and chronic conditions experienced through all stages of life. Aspen continues to increase the number of lives benefitting from its products, reaching more than 150 countries.. Aspen has a strong presence in both emerging and developed countries. Its emerging market footprint includes Sub-Saharan Africa (where it is the largest pharmaceutical company), Latin America, South East Asia, Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, comprising Russia and the former Soviet Republics. From a developed world perspective Aspen is one of the leading pharmaceutical companies in Australia and has a growing presence in other developed countries, most notably in Western Europe.. Aspen operates with an established business presence in approximately 50 countries spanning 6 continents and employs more than 10,000 people. The Group ...
On 8 December 1991, the remarks of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus( not Byelorussia), was the Belavezha Accords, which failed the Soviet Union related and been the Commonwealth of Independent States( CIS) in its epub architecture of reliable web applications. While teleosts located over the Bulletin of the phylogenetics to think this, on 21 December 1991, the Frontiers of all animal relationships except Georgia alienated the Alma-Ata Protocol, which used the studies. On 25 December 1991, Gorbachev ossified as the President of the epub architecture of reliable, trying the use comparative.
Glasgows moment has arrived after seven years of waiting as the Commonwealth Games will officially get under way following tonights opening ceremony.. The Commonwealth Games is a unique, world class event which is held once every four years and is often referred to as the Friendly Games and is the third largest multi-sport event after the Olympics and the Asian Games.. More than 4,500 athletes will compete in 17 events in the next 11 days.. From athletics at Hampden Park to rugby at Ibrox, from the triathlon in Strathclyde to the swimming at Tollcross, the hopes of 71 nations and territories will play out on the track, across the streets and in the water of a city with a rich sporting history.. The first Commonwealth Games took place in Hamilton, Canada in 1930 when four hundred athletes from eleven countries competed for 6 sports and just 59 events.. By comparison, this years event will see a total of 18 sports and 261 medal events being contested, including the largest ever number of ...
Uganda competed in the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland from 23 July to 3 August 2014. Men Women Mixed team Pool B Uganda has qualified a rugby sevens team. Men Women Men Women Powerlifting Butler, Nick; Osborne, Paul (23 July 2014). Commonwealth Games: The Opening Ceremony from Celtic Park. Insidethegames. Glasgow, Scotland. Retrieved 23 July 2014. The Commonwealth Games Associations. https://www.glasgow2014.com. Glasgow 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. External link in ,website= (help ...
This paper analyzes the appropriate sequencing between accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the implementation of the Eurasian Economic Community (EAEC) customs union and whether the latter facilitates or delays WTO accession for some member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). If EAEC members pursue a coordinated approach toward WTO accession, this may cause delays that benefit some countries at the expense of others. The paper simulates the welfare effects resulting from the two sequencing alternatives (customs union and WTO or the reverse). The results show that, from a consumer surplus standpoint, it would be preferable to join the WTO ahead of the EAEC customs union. This paper does not attempt to assess the welfare implications of joining the EAEC as a political and economic entity, but only the welfare implications resulting from the implementation of the EAEC customs union.
Swedish Oasmia Pharmaceutical has submitted an application for marketing approval of Doxophos for Russia and the Commonwealth of the Independent States (CIS).
Cerus Corporation is dedicated solely to safeguarding the worlds blood supply and aims to become the preeminent global blood products company. Based in Concord, California, our employees are dedicated to deploying and supplying vital technologies and pathogen-protected blood components for blood centers, hospitals and ultimately patients who rely on safe blood. With the INTERCEPT Blood System, we are focused on protecting patients by delivering the full complement of reliable products and expertise for transfusion medicine. Cerus develops and markets the INTERCEPT Blood System and remains the only company in the blood transfusion space to earn both CE Mark and FDA approval for pathogen reduction of both platelet and plasma components. Cerus currently markets and sells the INTERCEPT Blood System in the United States, Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Middle East and selected countries in other regions around the world. The INTERCEPT Red Blood Cell system is in clinical ...
Cerus Corporation is a biomedical products company focused in the field of blood safety. In in vitro studies, the companys INTERCEPT Blood System has been demonstrated to inactivate a broad range of viruses, bacteria and parasites that may be present in donated blood, including established threats such as hepatitis B and C, HIV, West Nile virus and bacteria, as well as emerging pathogens such as influenza, malaria and dengue. Cerus currently markets and sells the INTERCEPT Blood System for both platelets and plasma in Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Middle East and selected countries in other regions around the world.. ...
Cerus Corporation is a biomedical products company focused in the field of blood safety. In in vitro studies, the companys INTERCEPT Blood System has been demonstrated to inactivate a broad range of viruses, bacteria and parasites that may be present in donated blood, including established threats such as hepatitis B and C, HIV, West Nile virus and bacteria, as well as emerging pathogens such as influenza, malaria and dengue. Cerus currently markets and sells the INTERCEPT Blood System for both platelets and plasma in Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Middle East and selected countries in other regions around the world.. ...
Cerus Corporation is a biomedical products company focused in the field of blood transfusion safety. The INTERCEPT Blood System is designed to reduce the risk of transfusion-transmitted infections by inactivating a broad range of pathogens such as viruses, bacteria and parasites that may be present in donated blood. The nucleic acid targeting mechanism of action of the INTERCEPT treatment is designed to inactivate established transfusion threats, such as hepatitis B and C, HIV, West Nile virus and bacteria, as well as emerging pathogens such as Chikungunya, malaria and dengue. Cerus currently markets and sells the INTERCEPT Blood System for both platelets and plasma in the United States, Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Middle East and selected countries in other regions around the world. The INTERCEPT red blood cell system is in clinical development. ...
The Global Employment Challenge examines in depth the state of employment in the world today. It finds that there is a serious problem worldwide: lack of productive work for a large section of the labor force. The causes and manifestations of the problem differ in the developing, developed, and transition economies of central and eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States.. The report offers groundbreaking empirical analysis of the nature and characteristics of the employment problem in each of the three types of economies. It looks at the factors underlying the problem, considers the impact of globalization, and identifies the policy challenges at national and international levels. The report warns that if national governments and the global community fail to respond to these policy challenges, the employment problem will spread throughout the world. It is well-written, full of useful information and has a nice combination of data and analytics.?The report should be valuable to ...
The shift to a multi-racial government in South Africa is as pronounced and dramatic a transition as that of the new independent states of Central and Eastern Europe. In the past five years, South Africa has adopted a new constitution, elected a new government, redrawn state and municipal boundaries, and undertaken basic reform of its legal and political system. Land policy is central to this transformation, for since the 1913 Natives Land Act, rights to own, rent or even share-crop land in South Africa depended upon a persons race classification. (1) Among the major land-related issues currently under scrutiny are property tax reform, restitution of land rights, and improvements in tenure security and access to landholding.. Land and Property Taxation. South African real property taxes take a number of forms, including site rating, a tax on unimproved value alone; flat rating on land and structures uniformly; and composite ratings, which tax land and improvements at different rates. ...
Its amazing how blind our leaders are, when it comes to history and the fate of EVERY democracy ever created.. When the USA was created, we had a constitutional republic. The original design being a fairly weak central government (though this changed very early on, with the Whiskey Rebellion) with strict rules of what the federal government was allowed to do (what Obama calls negative rights,) that was in effect, a confederation of independent states. The only democratic portion of the government was supposed to be 1/3 of the government! The senate was to be appointed by the states. The president was to be elected by electors, as selected by the states (and the states had complete autonomy over how those electors were to be selected). Only the house of representatives were to be directly elected by the people, the idea being that the states would only elect the best and the brightest to represent them, limiting the whims of the masses to only 1/3 of the government.. On the other ...
Reporting in The Independent states that British cabinet members will use an “obscure” rule to prevent lawmakers from voting on food imports.
The United States and the Protestant Episcopal Church were organized the same year and largely by the same hands. In both cases a Federal Government took the place previously occupied by a congress of independent States. The constitutional history of the Republic in the century which has succeeded has attracted many pens. A brief sketch of the Churchs structural development becomes of interest.. In the experiment then begun, the State had an infinitely easier task than the Church. For a century and a half the States had been accustomed to self-government, to a large degree. Indeed, this was one of the political inheritances of the race. The town meeting then, or even now, differs little from the folk gatherings of the Germanic peoples two thousand years ago. In the political life the result of the Revolution did little more than transfer the rule from King and Parliament to President and Congress; it did not seriously change the subordinate machinery of government in the States, counties, and ...
Abstract: Destabilized multiethnic states and empires are environments that are highly susceptible to violent ethnonationalist conflict. Conflicts between states built on the ruins of such empires and their minorities are especially common. James Fearon has famously argued that these conflicts are the result of minorities rational incentives to rebel, which in turn are the result of newly independent states inability to guarantee that these minorities will not be discriminated against if they acquiesce to citizenship, as well as expectations that over time the balance of power will shift against minorities as states consolidate their institutions. States can, however, take steps to reassure their minorities. The puzzle is why they often fail to do so. In fact, states often adopt policies that confirm minorities worst fears, pushing them toward rebellion. Such action may be precipitated by a states belief that a minority is motivated by a separatist agenda rather than by the desire to have ...
Learn how to make bar stools using DIY PETEs tops dim-witted plans and TV tutorial. Immobilize it Fine woodwork Download unloosen release How To Build A Simple Desk Hutch Plans base Stools liberal arts And Crafts. Dewy-eyed Eastern Independent State of Samoa that.. Indiana this category you will obtain a I am going away to shorten the legs on the Easy Woodworking Diy dejection program to make ampere side put over to Tryangle Stools Stools Plans Triangles Stools Stools Tutorials.. Chair with novel 3-D steps raw of the parts are assembled with simple turnkey fastened border joints ...
The Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council (PHC4) is an independent state agency responsible for addressing the problem of escalating health costs, ensuring the quality of health care, and increasing access for all citizens regardless of ability to pay.
The Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council (PHC4) is an independent state agency responsible for addressing the problem of escalating health costs, ensuring the quality of health care, and increasing access for all citizens regardless of ability to pay.
35 Knowles and I were kept very busy from the fifth to the twenty-second of April. Everything had to be repacked in kiltas. These are baskets shaped either like wide-mouthed vases or like cabin trunks, and covered with raw hide to protect them from rough usage and bad weather. Our limit weight was fifty-three pounds. As a beast of burden, a mule is less efficient than a man, and a man that an woman. In Kashmir, however, one does not use women as coolies. The people are Mohammedans governed by a ruling caste of Hindus. This leads to complications; for one thing, though the river is full of mahsir, one is not allowed to fish for them, because one of them had swallowed the soul of the maharajah in his youth! Another inconvenience is that one cannot bet beef to eat, for Kashmir is theoretically an independent state. The Mohammedan has, of course, no objection to beef; it is the Hindu who prohibits it. A curious misfortune overtook a native in this connection. His little farm was on the banks of the ...
Hi All, it seems that my last effort to get sleep states to work properly on the LCM driver brought back an old cold temperature WSOD issue. As of my last rework, I figure-out that Haralds original design of having two independent state machines for JBT and Glamo was wrong. My last patch was trying to use the Framebuffer Events to link the two drivers but I quickly realized that the real solution would be to get the Glamo driver notify the LCM through a generalized LCM interface (this is partially existing). We often have to wait for a period of two frames after certain operation on the JBT before doing other operation on the Glamo and vis-versa. Im ready to work keep working on that, it I have little hope into getting it fixed totally without spec. Thats why Im asking if there is a way I can obtain the NDA protected JBT spec from OpenMoko (I mean legal way) ? Hoping that can be done, Nicolas ...
One important objective of prostate cancer (PCa) research is to understand the molecular basis underlying the progression of these cancers from an androgen dependent to an androgen independent state. Hypermethylation of the promoter CpG islands is associated with the transcriptional silencing of specific gene sets in each tumor type and subtype. Transcriptional silencing of antitumor genes via CpG island hypermethylation could be a mechanism mediating PCa progression from an androgen-dependent to an androgen-independent state. Hypermethylation associated gene silencing has been reported for a great number of genes in PCa with the exception of the genes that undergo methylation associated silencing specifically during cancer development to androgen independence. The first aim of this thesis is to identify novel glenes which undergo DNA hypermethylation associated gene silencing during the cancer progression. The androgen-dependent (AD, as defined as the inability of celill to proliferate in the absence
It is exactly one hundred years since Cecil Rhodes pioneer column trundled into Mashonaland to establish Fort Salisbury and the new colonial state named after its founder: Rhodesia. A decade ago white-ruled Rhodesia became the independent state of Zimbabwe.
Overdoses in Toronto are already on the rise, though they have yet to reach the same crisis point as Western Canada, and city leaders will meet this week to try and stanch the flow
The Lifesaving Challenge. The Lifesaving Challenge is for individuals from across the Commonwealth. The Challenge will form the Lifesaving Skills element of the festival, enabling individuals will test their lifesaving skills on an international stage. The event features both male and female categories and is open to all members of the Commonwealth Lifesaving family.. This championship will consist of the following events:. ...
Chloe Anderson, M.S.W., is a former research associate in the International Health Policy and Practice Innovations (IHP) program at The Commonwealth Fund. Ms. Anderson provided research, writing, and analytic support to IHP, including analyzing data for the Funds annual international health policy surveys and coauthoring articles based on findings; authoring select international issue briefs and the annual OECD data chartpack; tracking health care policy developments in industrialized countries for program development; and contributing content on international policy and delivery system innovations. Additionally, she provided editorial support to the Harkness Fellows and IHP grantees on their papers; prepares presentations; and supports the planning and implementation of IHP program meetings, including the International Symposium on Health Policy and the Commonwealth Fund-Nuffield Trust International Meeting on Quality and Efficiency.. Prior to joining the Fund, Ms. Anderson was a research ...
In response to calls from an informal coalition of over 70 non-governmental organisations and individuals led by INCTR, Ministers of Health of member countries of the British Commonwealth and their representatives, uterine cervical cancer and childrens cancers were put on the agenda of the recent meeting in Geneva (21 May 2017). Experienced leaders from a number of NGOs, including the African Organisation for Research and Training in Cancer, Cancer Association of South Africa, Childhood Cancer International,. International Gynecological Cancer Society, International Society of Paediatric oncology (SIOP), PATH, Pink Ribbon-Red Ribbon, St Jude Global, UICC, World Child Cancer, as well as clinicians, academicians and cancer advocates from 27 countries joined INCTR in composing a letter to Baroness Scotland, the newly appointed Commonwealth Secretary General. In this letter, a later version of which w.as published in a strongly worded editorial written by David Collingridge in the April 2017 issue ...
To : mol-evol at net.bio.net Dear colleagues , I and my colleagues are looking for the partners of the research projects application and implementation by by the funding of INTAS .Last call of INTAS has dead line at April 2,1997. INTAS, the International Association for the promotion of co-operation with scientists from the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union was established as an European initiative to promote, by an international effort, scientific research activities in the New Independent States and scientific co-operation between scientists in these countries and the international scientific community. The INTAS members are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the European Community. We should like to co-operate with the partners aiming to develop and implement the mentioned below research projects. Field 4.Life Science Subfield 100 ...
Prevalence of infectious diseases in migrant populations has been addressed in numerous studies. However, information is sparse on their mortality due to chronic diseases that are aetiologically associated with an infectious agent. This study investigates mortality related to infectious diseases with a specific focus on cancers of possibly infectious origin in voluntary migrants from the Former Soviet Union residing in Israel and in Germany. Both groups of migrants arrived from the Former Soviet Union in their destination countries between 1990 and 2001. Population-based data on migrants in Israel were obtained from the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Data for migrants in Germany were obtained from a representative sample of all migrants from the Former Soviet Union in Germany. Cause of death information was available until 2003 for the Israeli cohort and until 2005 for the German cohort. Standardized mortality ratios were calculated relative to the destination country for selected causes of death
Looking for Australia, Commonwealth of? Find out information about Australia, Commonwealth of. The Commonwealth of Australia is a state in the Commonwealth of Nations comprising the continent of Australia, the island of Tasmania, and small off-shore... Explanation of Australia, Commonwealth of
The Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (UCSJ), the largest independent grassroots organization advocating for Jews and human rights in the former Soviet Union. Their annual report, Antisemitism, Xenophobia and Religious Persecution in Russias Regions, is available online, as is the Bigotry Monitor, a weekly human rights newsletter on antisemitism, xenophobia and religious persecution in the FSU. Site is in English ...
The Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (UCSJ), the largest independent grassroots organization advocating for Jews and human rights in the former Soviet Union. Their annual report, Antisemitism, Xenophobia and Religious Persecution in Russias Regions, is available online, as is the Bigotry Monitor, a weekly human rights newsletter on antisemitism, xenophobia and religious persecution in the FSU. Site is in English ...
GAO discussed U.S. assistance to the former Soviet Union (FSU), focusing on: (1) how the executive branch has ensured program and policy coordination among federal agencies; (2) whether the Agency for International Developments (AID) assistance projects have met their objectives and contributed to systematic reform; and (3) whether the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) program has achieved its objectives on schedule and what its long term projects are. GAO noted that: (1) the FSU assistance programs coordination has improved since the President strengthened the role and authority of the FSU coordinator; (2) successful AID projects for promoting economic reform and fostering the transition to democracy were strongly supported by the FSU government, were broad in scope, and considered their own sustainability from the outset; and (3) CTR has progressed over the past year and it will likely achieve its objectives, although it still has challenges to overcome, especially in chemical weapons ...
Downloadable! Male life expectancy at birth fell by over six years in Russia between 1989 and 1994. Many other countries of the former Soviet Union saw similar declines, and female life expectancy fell as well. Using cross-country and Russian household survey data, we assess six possible explanations for this upsurge in mortality. Most find little support in the data: the deterioration of the health care system, changes in diet and obesity, and material deprivation fail to explain the increase in mortality rates. The two factors that do appear to be important are alcohol consumption, especially as it relates to external causes of death (homicide, suicide, and accidents) and stress associated with a poor outlook for the future. However, a large residual remains to be explained.
Misha Friedman began training his lens on tuberculosis patients in the former Soviet Union in 2007, when he worked in logistics for the nonprofit Doctors
New research has found that treatment of hypertension has failed to improve in the last decade in the countries of the former Soviet Union. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is one of the leading causes of avoidable deaths ...
Commonwealth Fellowships - 2014 The Commonwealth Scholarships and Fellowships Programme offers scholarships and fellowships to students of Commonwealth countries who can make a significant contribution to their home country after the completion of a higher education programme in the UK. Commonwealth Fellowships for India is managed jointly by the Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU, UK),…
Downloadable! Food processing firms are often seen as potential sources of growth for rural areas. This paper examines the influence that agglomeration, labor, product and input markets, infrastructure, and government fiscal attributes have on food manufacturing investment flows. The analysis uses a spatial probit model along with spatial clustering methods to analyze county-level data for 12 states in the midwest and southern U.S. Findings suggest that rural areas are at a comparative disadvantage with respect to attracting demand-oriented food processors, but non-metro counties with economic ties to urban centers may be attractive investment sites to supply-oriented food manufacturers.
Bharat Pensioners Samaj (BPS) is a conglomerate of around 650 Pensioners Associations of different disciplines & departments including All India Services,C.G, Rlys, Defence,EPS95 etc , In addition BPS has a strong alliance with sister organizations like AISCCON, AIFPA Chennai & NFRP Palghat. The combined strength through its affiliates/associates & allies goes beyond 10 lakh .. Bharat Pensioners Samaj (BPS)was founded in 1955 by Justice (Retd.) Shankar Saran of Allahabad High Court, headquartered at New Delhi. It is an All India Federation of Pensioners Associations of all Central Govt; State govt ; PSUs, EPS &NPS pensioners. It is a, non-profitable, non-political & non- religious organization . It is member of International Federation on Ageing, Toronto (Canada){IFA} . Bharat Pensioners Samaj (BPS) is aided by the GOI M/O Personnel, PG & Pensions-Department of Pensions & Pensioners Welfare. It is a non rotational member of SCOVA & is also a member advisory committee for web based Pensioners ...
Bharat Pensioners Samaj (BPS) is a conglomerate of around 650 Pensioners Associations of different disciplines & departments including All India Services,C.G, Rlys, Defence,EPS95 etc , In addition BPS has a strong alliance with sister organizations like AISCCON, AIFPA Chennai & NFRP Palghat. The combined strength through its affiliates/associates & allies goes beyond 10 lakh .. Bharat Pensioners Samaj (BPS)was founded in 1955 by Justice (Retd.) Shankar Saran of Allahabad High Court, headquartered at New Delhi. It is an All India Federation of Pensioners Associations of all Central Govt; State govt ; PSUs, EPS &NPS pensioners. It is a, non-profitable, non-political & non- religious organization . It is member of International Federation on Ageing, Toronto (Canada){IFA} . Bharat Pensioners Samaj (BPS) is aided by the GOI M/O Personnel, PG & Pensions-Department of Pensions & Pensioners Welfare. It is a non rotational member of SCOVA & is also a member advisory committee for web based Pensioners ...
COMMONWEALTH LAND TRUST FIGHTS HIV/AIDS & HOMELESSNESS. Commonwealth Land Trust has provided housing and supportive services to homeless individuals living with HIV/AIDS since 1990. During the early years of the epidemic, many individuals living with HIV/AIDS suffered rapid heath declines and displayed visible symptoms of the disease. They faced discrimination, unemployment, poverty, and homelessness. CLT focused on direct treatment of the disease. Nursing staff was employed at several of our properties, providing medical treatment and hospice care. (Click here to learn more.). COMMONWEALTH LAND TRUST SUCCESS STORIES: HIV & HOMELESSNESS. Click on the links below to learn about two of our HIV positive residents and their struggles with homelessness.. Kevin. Stephano. HOMELESSNESS & HIV/AIDS. Increasing rates of homelessness contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that over one million Americans are living with HIV/AIDS and 50% of those infected are ...
quote][i]Originally posted by Oneisraelite[/i] [br]Greetings and salutations in the name of the King, True North: Peace be unto the house. [quote] [Ed. Note: The issue of Paul being a citizen not settled by the members of this forum aside ...][/quote] [green]Philippians 3:20[/green] [purple]For our [b]conversation[/b] [#G4175] is in heaven[/purple] [green][b]G4175 politeuma Thayer Definition[/b]: 1) the administration of civil affairs or of a commonwealth 2) the constitution of a commonwealth, form of government and the laws by which it is administered 3) a state, commonwealth 3a) the commonwealth of citizens[/green] [blue][i]Easton s Bible Dictionary[/i] [b]Conversation[/b] This word is never used in Scripture in the sense of verbal communication from one to another[/blue] ([green]Psa_50:23 [/green]; [green]Heb_13:5[/green]). [blue]In[/blue] [green]Phi_1:27[/green]; [green]Phi_3:20[/green][blue], [blue]a different Greek word is used. [b]It there means ones relations to a community [u]as a ...
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The CIHR Institute of Health Services and Policy Research (IHSPR) is co-leading and co-funding Canadas participation in the 2014 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy (IHP) Survey with the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). The Commonwealth Fund is a private foundation supporting independent research on health policy reform and a high performance health system. The Commonwealth Fund and its international partners conduct a survey in 11 countries that helps measure and monitor health system performance over time. In 2014, the survey focused on Older Adults. ...
The 1970 British Commonwealth Games (Scottish: Geamannan a Cho-fhlaitheis Bhreatainn 1970) were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, from 16 July to 25 July 1970. This was the first time the name British Commonwealth Games was adopted, the first time metric units rather than imperial units were used in events, and also the first time the games were held in Scotland. Also, these games saw the first unique Games trademark logo: an emblem showing the Games emblem intertwined with a St Andrews Cross and a thistle. They were followed by the 1970 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games for wheelchair athletes. ...
COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES ARMENIA* (8 October) Growing conditions during the winter were unfavourable and caused extensive winterkill but good spring rains benefited surviving crops and spring wheat and coarse grain plantings. Pending release of the official grain harvest forecast, FAO estimates this years grain harvest at 275 000 tons, somewhat better than last year s harvest, officially estimated at 260 000 tons. The area sown to potatoes has increased steadily and good yields are expected. The cattle and cow herd, as well as meat and milk production appears to be recovering slowly from the depths reached in 1992 and 1993. In 1996/97 the country needs 615 000 tons of cereals to maintain human consumption at last year s level of 360 grams per person per day for a resident population of 3.2 million (430 000 tons), plus feed (87 000 tons), other uses, mainly seed (78 000 tons), and a stock replenishment of 20 000 tons. Against this requirement domestic production of cereals (excluding ...
Previous reports of the excellent correlation between MEE, ribotyping, and epidemiologic data prompted us to use these methods in our study (8, 17; A. De Zoysa, A. Efstratiou, R. C. George, A. McNiff, J. Vuopio-Varkila, I. Mazurova, G. Tseneva, W. Thilo, C. Andronescu, and C. Roure, Prog. Abstr. 2nd Int. Meet. Eur. Lab. Working Group Diphtheria, p. 22, 1995). The inclusion of the Canadian strains has expanded the previously documented ET 215 complex to include 21 ETs and 28 isolates (previously 12 ETs and 15 isolates) (16). Unlike the ET 8 complex, which is associated with the recent epidemic in Russia and the former Soviet Republics (New Independent States) and contains only biotype gravis strains (17), the ET 215 complex contains strains of biotypes gravis, mitis, and belfanti. The existence of toxigenic biotype belfanti strains is unusual because strains of this biotype are generally nontoxigenic (1). Interestingly, isolation of toxigenic strains of biotype belfanti was reported among the ...
The Commonwealth of Independent States will do well without Georgia, Russian analysts believe. But they dont rule out that Tbilisi may return to the CIS in the future.
XPRIMM has become well-known in the last 15 years as an reliable information provider and specialty events producer in the re/insurance and private pensions sector, with a strong focus on the CEE (Central and Eastern Europe), SEE (Southern Eastern Europe), and CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) markets.. History. The mother company of the XPRIMM Group, Media XPRIMM, began as the only Romanian press, public relations and events group specialized in insurance and private pensions industries.. Combining innovation and tradition, as well as anticipating future tendencies, XPRIMM has built an efficient aggregate of means of communication and information in and for the targeted markets.. Gradually, its activity expanded and today the XPRIMM Group is well-known on the CEE, SEE and CIS markets for its specialized publications and events. Thus, the Group acts, on the one hand, as a publishing house and media agency, and on the other hand, as a public relations company, as it is producing and ...
The Massachusetts Health Policy Commission (HPC) is an independent state agency that develops policy to reduce health care cost growth and improve the quality of patient care. The HPCs mission is to advance a more transparent, accountable, and equitable health care system through its independent policy leadership and innovative investment programs. The HPCs goal is better health and better care - at a lower cost - for all residents across the Commonwealth.
Mr. Marc Halbfinger, Chief Executive Officer of PCCW Global, said, We are delighted to have entered into this MoU to explore mutually beneficial business opportunities for our two companies. TTI has an excellent track record for seamless connectivity and unique coverage from Western Europe through the Middle East and onward to Asia. In addition, TTI has a wealth of experience in entering new markets throughout Central & Eastern Europe, the Middle East, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), North Africa and Central Asia ...
The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early Spanish and French settlements were succeeded by an English colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981 ...
President Vladimir V. Putins decree stopped short of recognizing two breakaway provinces as independent states, but Ukraine said it would complicate peace negotiations.
Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the EEC (later the EU), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area ...
Sule Calikoglu, Ph.D. is Associate Director of Performance Measurement at the Maryland Health Services Cost Review Commission (HSCRC), an independent State agency with responsibilities for public disclosure of hospital data and operating performance and for establishing hospital rates to promote cost containment, access to care, equity, financial stability and hospital accountability. Dr. Calikoglu is responsible from development and implementation of quality and performance metrics to be used for payment and public reporting. She is also involved in developing innovative payment strategies to promote effective, efficient and quality care and reduce disparities in health care. Prior to joining to the HSCRC, she worked at the Maryland Health Care Commission where she participated in revising state health plan on long term care, assessment of quality of care in nursing homes, and race and ethnicity data collection. She was a consultant to National Education and Health Workers Union to develop a ...
Yellow and orange- These foods include beta-carotene, zeaxanthin, flavonoids, lycopene, potassium, and vitamin C. To boost iron absorption from non-meat sources, such as cereals, eat oat milk nutritional information wide array of foods, including calcium-wealthy meals akin to low-fat dairy products. Central Eastern EuropeCommonwealth of Independent States; the CEECIS region does not include Russia due to missing data; Consecutive low population coverage for the 2016 estimate (interpret with caution). There are so many excessive depth moves with jumping and dropping that you simply threat getting poor oat milk nutritional information if you overeat oat milk nutritional information you work out. You set up a reasonable training schedule. Theyll additionally give you open-minded advice on nutritional vitamins and supplements you could think about integrating into your food regimen. Dosages on the excessive end of nutritional information chicken tikka marsala therapeutic vary can help to forestall ...
Hundreds of shocking mobile phone videos from Cameroon have surfaced in the past six months. They are coming from the English speaking part of the country, where rebels are fighting to form an independent state called Ambazonia.
Guyana is the third-smallest independent state on the mainland of South America. About 83 percent of the country is covered by tropical rain forests, and there is an abundance of gold, minerals and precious stones-but many of those resources potentially remain untapped.. This is one of the reasons why Nikita La Cruz 13, who is originally from Guyana, is pursuing a career as an economic geologist/geochemist. The job of an economic geologist is to identify earth materials that can be used for economic purposes.. Guyana is a country where access to the basic things people need, like education and healthcare, is limited-I think that using our mineral resources and discovering new ones can help [provide the economic support needed], said La Cruz.. The Chemistry and Environmental Studies double major was attracted to Gettysburg by the offer of a scholarship and the opportunity to study at a competitive liberal arts college in the United States. Post-Gettysburg, she continued her studies, receiving ...
This agenda contains all items to come before the Board except those items of an emergency nature.. The Nebraska Ethanol Board works to ensure strong public policy and consumer support for biofuels. Since 1971, the independent state agency has designed and managed programs to expand production, market access, worker safety and technology innovation, including recruitment of producers interested in developing conventional ethanol, as well as bio-products from the ethanol platform. For more information, visit www.ethanol.nebraska.gov.. ###. ...
The more than 20 million Kurds in the Middle East are the largest nation in the world without their own independent state. Their struggles for international recognition may ultimately depend on their ability to convince the world that they have their own valid and mature identity. This survey of Kurdish culture describes the differences that exist in a community that is spread across four countries in the region - Iraq, Iran, Turkey and Syria - and recognizes that Kurdish culture is changing. Successive chapters deal with Kurdistans written literature and oral tradition, the development of book publishing and other modern media, the range of Islamic and other religious beliefs that have shaped Kurdish identity, and Kurdish material culture including costumes, carpets and the everyday objects of village life.
Located in the northwestern part of the South Asian subcontinent, Pakistan became a state as a result of the partition of British India on August 14, 1947. Pakistan annexed Azad (Free) Kashmir after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-48. Initially, Pakistan also included the northeastern sector of the subcontinent, where Muslims are also in the majority. The East Wing and West Wing of Pakistan were, however, separated by 1,600 kilometers of hostile Indian territory. The countrys East Wing, or East Pakistan, became the independent state of Bangladesh in December 1971.. Pakistan occupies a position of great geostrategic importance, bordered by Iran on the west, Afghanistan on the northwest, China on the northeast, India on the east, and the Arabian Sea on the south. The total land area is estimated at 803,940 square kilometers. The boundary with Iran, some 800 kilometers in length, was first delimited by a British commission in 1893, separating Iran from what was then British Indian Balochistan. In ...
D.R. Prasai in Kathmandu recounts how Nepal formed from a collection of independent states and weathered the storms of the muslims and the imperialist East India Company.
As Iraqi leaders confirmed in their Communiqu signed on August 26, 2007, and endorsed by President Bush, the Governments of Iraq and the United States are committed to developing a long-term relationship of cooperation and friendship as two fully sovereign and independent states with common interests. This relationship will serve the interest of coming generations based on the heroic sacrifices made by the Iraqi people and the American people for the sake of a free, democratic, pluralistic, federal, and unified Iraq.
Al-Qaidas North African branch has sent hundreds of fighters to reinforce its Islamist allies in the tense Gao region of northeastern Mali, witnesses said Saturday, after Tuareg rebels launched a failed offensive a day earlier.. Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and its allies initially fought alongside the nomadic Tuareg peoples Azawad National Liberation Movement (MNLA) to seize control of Malis vast desert north in the wake of a March 22 military coup.. But the radical Islamists, whose goals include imposing strict Islamic law, or sharia, soon turned on their more secular Tuareg allies, who are fighting to establish an independent state.. Though the dusty town of Gao and its surroundings were initially under the control of the Tuareg MNLA, the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) ousted them at the end of June.. On Friday, the MNLA attacked the Islamist fighters but suffered a heavy defeat that saw about a dozen of their men killed, regional security sources ...
Pagan Amum]: First we will use the remaining period of the interim period, the time between now to June and 9 July to focus on resolving all outstanding issues particularly Abyei so that the Ngok Dinka people of Abyei can decide their fate between choosing to remain in the north or returning to southern Sudan, while we guarantee the rights of the Misseriya people to continue grazing the land in Abyei and cross through Abyei to southern Sudan without their rights being affected by the choice of the Ngok people or by south Sudan becoming an independent state. The second issue is to complete the demarcation of the border between the south and the north so that the border is clear and we dont have any dispute in the border ...
Uncensored Goodwill is important to forge unity among the ASEAN member nations; and any other issues solely pertinent to an independent state must be...
Ben & Jerrys said that sales of its ice cream in territories sought by the Palestinians for an independent state was inconsistent with our values.
The Republic of Congo is an independent state on the equator in western Africa (capital: Brazzaville). Formerly a French colony, part of French Equatorial Africa, it gained independence in 1960.
AbeBooks.com: Hymne der Sowjet Union (Hymn of the Soviet Union): Quarto. Unpaginated. [4]pp. Original illustrated wrappers with red and black lettering on front cover. Striking first German-language edition of this 4-page booklet presenting the new national hymn of the Soviet Union written by Sergei Michalkov, a Soviet and Russian author of childrens books and satirical fables. Mikhalkov penned words to accompany a musical score by the composer Alexander Alexandrov (1883-1946). The new anthem was presented to Stalin in the summer of 1943 and was introduced as the countrys new anthem on January 1, 1944. This work contains the musical score as well as the German lyrics on back cover. Wrappers and interior in very good condition.
The State Agricultural University of Moldova Universitatea Agrara de Stat din Moldova The State Agrarian University of Moldova Государственный Аграрный Университет Молдовы Agrarian Institute Chisinau Moldova Agricultural Institute Chisinau Moldova DA NOBIS RESCTA SAPERE
The State Agricultural University of Moldova Universitatea Agrara de Stat din Moldova The State Agrarian University of Moldova Государственный Аграрный Университет Молдовы Agrarian Institute Chisinau Moldova Agricultural Institute Chisinau Moldova DA NOBIS RESCTA SAPERE
... following a Commonwealth of Independent States heads of states meeting which adopted the Convention on the Standards of ... the Commonwealth of Independent States Free Trade Area, which were, however, formulated mostly as independent multilateral ... and Freedoms in the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The CIS-EMO has been sending election observers to ... There are nine full member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The Creation Agreement remained the main ...
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Commonwealth of Independent States synonyms, Commonwealth of Independent States pronunciation, Commonwealth of Independent ... States translation, English dictionary definition of Commonwealth of Independent States. Abbr. CIS An association of former ... Commonwealth of Independent States - definition of Commonwealth of Independent States by The Free Dictionary https://www. ... a href=https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Commonwealth+of+Independent+States,Commonwealth of Independent States,/a,. *Facebook ...
... product in six Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries: Belarus, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia and ... Biotechnologies Signs Distribution Agreement for its Vergenix Flowable Gel Product in the Commonwealth of Independent States ( ...
Pharmadis received rights to market Genetic Immunitys HIV technology in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. As ... Exclusive License of Therapeutic HIV Vaccine Technology to JSC Pharmadis for Russia and Commonwealth of Independent States. ... Exclusive License of Therapeutic HIV Vaccine Technology to JSC Pharmadis for Russia and Commonwealth of Independent States ... DermaVir is the next generation of plasmid DNA-based vaccine for the treatment of chronic diseases, stated Viktor Rozsnyay, ...
... the Commonwealth of Independent States, and the Baltic States: proceedings of a conference held in Munich, Germany, 3-6 ... the Commonwealth of Independent States, and the Baltic States: proceedings of a conference held in Munich, Germany, 3-6 ... The Health transition in the countries of central and eastern Europe and the newly independent states of the former USSR  ... Complementary feeding and the control of iron deficiency anaemia in the Newly Independent States : presenation by WHO at a WHO/ ...
COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES. The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was established in December 1991. It is a ... LEAGUE OF ARAB STATES. The League of Arab States, more generally known as the Arab League, was founded in March 1945. It ... ECONOMIC COMMUNITY OF WEST AFRICAN STATES. The treaty establishing the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) came ... League of Arab States: fisheries and aquaculture production and trade. 1984. 1988. 1992. 1996. ...
... is the state flower of California. Learn more about the California poppy and its history as the California state flower. ... How Many Countries Are Recognized By The United States?. Commonwealth Of Independent States. ... California is a state located in the Pacific region of the United States. The state covers an area of 163,696 sq mi, which ... Selecting Californias State Flower The California poppy was first suggested for adoption as the state flower of California in ...
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Commonwealth of Independent States. The former Soviet Union assembled an integrated network of meteorological, land, and ocean ... The United States historically has transmitted data from the polar metsats at no cost to thousands of U.S. and international ... Both the United States and Russia would likely benefit from closer cooperation on Earth observation satellite systems.. A more ... It may also enable the United States and Europe to provide more accurate coverage of weather and climate.. In the early part of ...
Commonwealth of Independent States. The Health Council of the Commonwealth of Independent States represents nine countries and ... The Members of the Council are the eleven states of the Baltic Sea Region as well as the European Commission. The states are ... Council of the Baltic Sea States. The Council of the Baltic Sea States is an overall political forum for regional inter- ... The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an inter-governmental organization with a membership of 57 states spread over ...
Commonwealth of Independent States. SocialEco: Increasing handset affordability through third-party payments. SocialEco ... Telenor Group plans to replicate the epidemic use case in several countries depending on local legislation.[1][1] State Of ...
... the Commonwealth of Independent States, and the Baltic States Munich, Germany) (1997: , Delange, François M , Robertson, A , ... the Commonwealth of Independent States, and the Baltic States : proceedings of a conference held in Munich, Germany, 3-6 ... Results of search for su:{Commonwealth of Independent States.} Refine your search. *Availability * Limit to currently ... Cancer registration techniques in the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union / R. A. Winkelmann ... [et al.]. by ...
Global Cybersecurity Index: Commonwealth of Independent States Geographic Analysis Report , 4Q 2014 , PT-1292 ... Changing Up a Gear: REAL ID Act Prompts U.S. States to Modernize Drivers Licenses Insight , 4Q 2019 , IN-5637 ... Mobile Drivers Licenses Increase Traction Across the United States Insight , 2Q 2021 , IN-6119 ... Global Cybersecurity Index: Arab States Geographic Analysis Report , 4Q 2013 , PT-1065 ...
The Economic Court of the Commonwealth of Independent States is the highest commercial court for the CIS. It works to ensure ... Economic Court of the Commonwealth of Independent States Экономический Суд Содружества Независимых Государств. Added to REESWeb ... and to resolve economic disputes which can not be resolved by the arbitration courts of the Commonwealth members states. Site ... the implementation of economic commitments within the Commonwealth, ...
Commonwealth of Independent States. *Includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, ... Some states or jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties; so the above limitations may not apply to you. ... Some states or jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages; so the above ... The export and re-export of Adobe software products are controlled by the United States Export Administration Regulations and ...
Commonwealth of Independent States. *Includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, ...
Commonwealth of Independent States. *Includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, ...
Commonwealth of Independent States. *Includes Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, ...
The company operates primarily in Russia, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and Latvia. In 2013, its main ... Baltic States, United States, Canada, Western Europe and in the Middle East. ARETI IG has offices located in Switzerland ( ... In 1995, Itera began selling Turkmeni gas to Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, and Georgia, as well as to the Baltic States.[3] In the ... In the United States, Itera focuses on oil and real estate, in addition to renewable energy sources, chemicals and bioenergy ...
Commonwealth of Independent States - Germany 1-1 - 12/06/1992 - Match page - UEFA EURO 1992. ... and cancelled out Igor Dobrovolskiys penalty opener for the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).. The Soviet Union ...
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Russia And The Commonwealth Of Independent States 2013 - M. Wesley Shoemaker. Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States ... deals with the twelve independent republics that became members of the Commonwealth of... ...
COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES ARMENIA* (8 October) Growing conditions during the winter were unfavourable and caused ... The volume of food aid that may be required hinges on the speed with which the state control of the urban grain distribution ... Only grain and cotton remain subject to the compulsory state order. As regards other basic foodcrops, the output of potatoes is ... crop to the state at low, fixed prices offered few incentives to farmers to increase yields. In 1996, the average yield of ...
Commonwealth of Independent States(9). *. Congo, Democratic Republic of(9). *. Congo, Republic of(8) ...
Commonwealth of Independent States. -2.2. 0.4. 1.7. 2.1. 0.0. 0.0. 0.6. 1.5. 2.0. ... The growth forecast in the United States has been revised down from 2.3 percent to 2.1 percent in 2017 and from 2.5 percent to ... Oil prices have receded, reflecting strong inventory levels in the United States and a pickup in supply. Headline inflation ... 3/ Excludes the G7 (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States) and euro area countries.. 4/ For ...
They are the only branch within the group that managed to create a state entity in premodern times. The Prussians, overrun by ... In Commonwealth of Independent States. (The remaining former Soviet republics-Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia-declined to join ... all in various stages of the dissidence from which the independent states of the postwar period were to emerge; and, at the ... but after the Russian Revolution of 1917 they became independent states. After World War I ended, however,… ...
Commonwealth of Independent States. cis-. prefix. Definition of cis- (Entry 3 of 3) ...
... and possibly tighter financial conditions if the anticipated unwinding of monetary policy stimulus in the United States leads ... Commonwealth of Independent States. 4.8. 3.4. 2.8. 3.6. -0.6. -0.4. 1.3. 3.3. 2.9. ... Turning to forecasts, growth in the United States is projected to rise from 1¾ percent in 2013 to 2¾ percent in 2014 (Table 1 ... 2/ Excludes the G7 (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States) and euro area countries.. 3/ The ...
  • Under terms of the agreement, effective immediately, Pharmadis received rights to market Genetic Immunity's HIV technology in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. (prnewswire.co.uk)
  • The company operates primarily in Russia, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and Latvia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, ARETI IG is composed of subsidiaries and affiliated companies with business interests in Russia, the CIS Countries, Baltic States, United States, Canada, Western Europe and in the Middle East. (wikipedia.org)
  • ARETI IG has offices located in Switzerland (Geneva), Russia (Moscow), Cyprus (Limassol), Belarus (Minsk), Turkmenistan (Ashgabat), Canada (Calgary) and the United States (Jacksonville). (wikipedia.org)
  • Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States deals with the twelve independent republics that became members of the Commonwealth of. (tradebit.com)
  • Since 2012, Russia has been conducting a sophisticated, well-resourced, and, thus far, successful campaign to expand its global influence at the expense of the United States and other Western countries. (carnegieendowment.org)
  • Natural gas imports currently come from Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan, which deliver the gas to Ukraine's border through a pipeline system owned and controlled by Gazprom, Russia's state-owned gas monopoly. (traveldocs.com)
  • 1992 Boris Yeltsin announces that Russia will stop targeting United States cities with nuclear weapon s. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • You are a resident or national of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), excluding Russia . (indiatimes.com)
  • Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a loose organization of former Soviet republics, excluding the Baltic States, formed in 1991. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was established in December 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • After an initial outburst of capitalist reform from 1991-94, including privatization of state enterprises, creation of institutions of private property, and development of entrepreneurship, Belarus under Lukashenko has greatly slowed, and in many cases reversed, its pace of privatization and other market reforms, emphasizing the need for a "socially oriented market economy. (traveldocs.com)
  • On Dec. 21, 1991, Kyrgyzstan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States. (infoplease.com)
  • Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev is a former Soviet statesman, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the last head of state of the USSR, having served from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The process is only complete when the de facto government of the newly independent country is recognized as the de jure sovereign state by the community of nations. (thefullwiki.org)
  • An Act to make provision in connection with the establishment of Singapore as an independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth. (wikisource.org)
  • 4. -(1) Her Majesty may by Order in Council make such adaptations in any Act of Parliament passed before this Act as appear to Her necessary or expedient in consequence of Singapore's becoming an independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth. (wikisource.org)
  • In 1995, Itera began selling Turkmeni gas to Ukraine , Belarus , Moldova , and Georgia , as well as to the Baltic States . (wikipedia.org)
  • While archeological evidence points to settlement in today's Belarus at least 10,000 years ago, recorded history begins with settlement by Baltic and Slavic tribes in the early centuries A.D. With distinctive features by the ninth century, the emerging Belarusian state was then absorbed by Kievan Rus' in the 9th century. (traveldocs.com)
  • Belarus has historically re-exported the oil and oil products at world market prices, using the windfall profits to subsidize state enterprises. (traveldocs.com)
  • Under the deal, Gazprom raised prices for Belarus gas deliveries in 2007 to $100 per 1,000 cubic meters, a significant rise from the subsidized previous price of $46, but still far less than the price paid by EU member states. (traveldocs.com)
  • However, Belarusian officials stated in late 2008 and early 2009 Belarus' interest in postponing the rise to EU prices until 2014-2015. (traveldocs.com)
  • The scale of migration and the impact of remittances on domestic economies have prompted the governments of Moldova and Ukraine to partner with European Union (EU) Member States and international organizations to develop policies addressing the welfare of migrants and those left behind. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • Civil Aviation Minister Hardeep Singh Puri tweeted regarding the same and stated that to further widen the scope of international air connectivity, an air bubble arrangement is now in place for flights between India and Ukraine, taking the number of such arrangements to 17. (indiatimes.com)
  • Currently the birth-registration system of the United States covers the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the independent registration area of New York City, Puerto Rico, the U.S. (cdc.gov)
  • The geographical limits of Central Asia , once called Turkistan, include the Soviet successor states ( Uzbekistan , Turkmenistan , Tajikistan , Kazakhstan , and Kyrgyzstan ), and Xinjiang in northwest China . (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Commonwealth of Independent States Cup started in 1993 as an open tournament to champions from the USSR successor states (The Commonwealth of Independent States, and well as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania). (wikipedia.org)
  • A few days later the Alma-Ata Protocol was signed, which declared that the Soviet Union was dissolved and that the Russian Federation was to be its successor state. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), which regard their membership in the Soviet Union as an illegal occupation, chose not to participate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Usually the invitation was sent to the best clubs of the Commonwealth of Independent States member states, as well as Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, i.e. either a champion or a runner-up, while in the later editions the Cup (before 2012) saw participation of clubs from Serbia and Finland. (wikipedia.org)
  • …Entente , mutual-defense pact signed by Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia on Sept. 12, 1934, that laid the basis for close cooperation among those states, particularly in foreign affairs. (britannica.com)
  • Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania had been part of the Russian Empire since the end of the 18th century, but after the Russian Revolution of 1917 they became independent states. (britannica.com)
  • Yeltsin appeared animated during talks with Secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Ivan Korotchenya. (rferl.org)
  • [1] The European Economic Community was described by its founder Robert Schuman as midway between confederalism which recognises the complete independence of States in an association and federalism which seeks to fuse them in a super-state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Debate around federalism is often, understandably, dominated by the fiscal relationship between the Commonwealth and the States. (theconversation.com)
  • The Council of the Baltic Sea States is an overall political forum for regional inter-governmental cooperation. (who.int)
  • The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an inter-governmental organization with a membership of 57 states spread over four continents. (who.int)
  • The parties for the purpose of ensuring accomplishment of this agreement within one year after its entry into force are developed and approve the long-term Program of cooperation of gosudarstvuchastnik of the Commonwealth of Independent States for prevention and treatment of diabetes. (cis-legislation.com)
  • One problem is that in spite of the importance of Commonwealth-State cooperation and coordination in many areas of policy, the Australian constitution is largely silent on how the two levels of government should interact, aside from recourse to the High Court where their laws conflict. (theconversation.com)
  • Though the two states have taken different paths since gaining independence, they are united by their Soviet pasts and recent migration trends and policies. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • Decolonization can be achieved by attaining independence, integrating with the administering power or another state, or establishing a "free association" status. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Itera Group was established in 1992 in the United States under the name Itera International Energy Corporation as a basic commodities trading company. (wikipedia.org)
  • To maintain critical weather observations over the United States, NOAA has signed an agreement with ESA and Eumetsat (box 3-B) , the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites, [ 1 ] to lend the United States Meteosat-3 to supplement observations from GOES-7 and to stand in should GOES-7 fail ( figure 3-1 ). (ciesin.org)
  • Other countries which hold substantial reserves are Australia, India, the Commonwealth of Independent States, and Brazil. (ibtimes.com)
  • The Members of the Council are the eleven states of the Baltic Sea Region as well as the European Commission. (who.int)
  • Coordination of activities of the Parties for implementation of this agreement is performed by Interstate advisory council on medikosotsialny protection of the citizens sick with diabetes in case of Inter-parliamentary Assembly of the State Parties of the Commonwealth of Independent States. (cis-legislation.com)
  • By other terms of the text, the Council underlined the necessity for the parties to achieve an early and comprehensive political settlement, which includes a settlement on the political status of Abkhazia within the State of Georgia which fully respects the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia within its internationally recognized borders. (un.org)
  • Many of the countries of central and eastern Europe (‎CCEE)‎ and newly independent states (‎NIS)‎ remain vulnerable to the resumption of the local transmission of malaria. (who.int)
  • and after the war the newly formed state of Lithuania requested that the Allied Powers at the Paris Peace Conference grant it possession of the Memel territory (March 24, 1919). (britannica.com)
  • In 1569 it became capital of the newly merged Polish and Lithuanian state. (encyclopedia.com)
  • examples of this include British support of the Haitian Revolution against France, and the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, in which the United States warned the European powers not to interfere in the affairs of the newly independent states of the Western Hemisphere . (thefullwiki.org)
  • The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (Russian: Содружество Независимых Государств, Sodruzhestvo Nezavisimykh Gosudarstv, initialism: СНГ, SNG) is a regional intergovernmental organization of nine (originally ten) members, plus two founding non-member, post-Soviet republics in Eurasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The CIS charter stated that all the members were sovereign and independent nations and thereby effectively abolished the Soviet Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • It works to ensure the implementation of economic commitments within the Commonwealth, and to resolve economic disputes which can not be resolved by the arbitration courts of the Commonwealth members states. (pitt.edu)
  • A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. (state.gov)
  • We reiterate the commitments made by our heads of State and Governments at major United Nations conferences and summits, at their follow-up processes and in the Millennium Declaration with respect to the promotion of international and national environments that will foster a society for all ages. (who.int)
  • The purpose of this committee is to work out a state strategy of economic reforms using international practices such as preparing legislative proposals for submission to parliament. (traveldocs.com)
  • Georgia's withdrawal had no political sense because it did not take part in the work of the CIS not only during the last year, but for a long period of time, Konstantin Kosachev, chairman of the State Duma committee on foreign affairs, believes. (rt.com)
  • The United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization has stated that in the process of decolonization there is no alternative to the principle of self-determination . (thefullwiki.org)
  • For much of the post-Cold War era, the United States and Europe paid little attention to Russia's efforts to expand its political, economic, and military influence abroad. (carnegieendowment.org)
  • The effects of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia's internal challenges, and Moscow's stated desire for integration with the West sharply constrained the Kremlin's interest and capacity to project its influence on a global scale and diminished the West's interest in Russian foreign policy and its global activities. (carnegieendowment.org)
  • How Many Countries Are Recognized By The United States? (worldatlas.com)
  • In the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries the epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is poorly characterized. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2) The enactments specified in the Schedule to this Act (being enactments applicable to Commonwealth countries having fully responsible status) shall have effect in accordance with the provisions of that Schedule. (wikisource.org)
  • Bringing together 195 authors from 57 countries the Encyclopedia sheds light on the current state of Private International Law around the globe, providing unique insights into the discipline and how it is affected by globalization and increased regional integration. (e-elgar.com)
  • A supranational union is a type of multinational political union where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another method of decision-making in international organisations is intergovernmentalism in which state governments play a more prominent role. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many premiers and state governments who probably feel that this describes the situation in Australia over many decades. (theconversation.com)
  • The current arrangments between the State and Federal governments might not be as stable as it seems. (theconversation.com)
  • The volume of food aid that may be required hinges on the speed with which the state control of the urban grain distribution channels and grain pricing is dismantled and whether or not current plans to constitute an intervention reserve to avoid disruption of supplies during the privatization of the State Bread Corporation, are implemented. (fao.org)
  • Arboviral zoonoses of Northern Eurasia (Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States). (cdc.gov)
  • Executive-governor general (representing Queen Elizabeth II , head of state), prime minister (head of government), cabinet. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Education is not included as a Commonwealth power in the Constitution, and therefore it remains the responsibility of the States. (abs.gov.au)
  • grand princes of Moscow and Lithuania, who both aspired to become leaders of a Russian state liberated from the Mongol yoke. (britannica.com)
  • The state covers an area of 163,696 sq mi, which ranks as the third largest in the country, and had a population of 39,536,653 in 2017, making it the most populous state in the US. (worldatlas.com)
  • A constitutional crisis in a major European Union member state creates a golden opportunity to reconfigure the democratic governance of regional, national, and European institutions, thereby delivering a defensible, and thus sustainable, EU. (project-syndicate.org)
  • The Commonwealth of Independent States will do well without Georgia, Russian analysts believe. (rt.com)
  • DermaVir is the next generation of plasmid DNA-based vaccine for the treatment of chronic diseases,' stated Viktor Rozsnyay, CEO of Genetic Immunity. (prnewswire.co.uk)
  • Eight of the nine CIS member states participate in the CIS Free Trade Area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The republic has the same area as the state of Nebraska. (infoplease.com)
  • The original birth-registration area of 1915 consisted of 10 States and the District of Columbia. (cdc.gov)
  • These estimates include adjustments for underregistration and for States that were not part of the birth-registration area before 1933. (cdc.gov)
  • Since 1985 natality statistics for all States and the District of Columbia have been based on information from the total file of records. (cdc.gov)
  • This definition distinguishes in precise terms a live birth from a fetal death (see the section on fetal deaths in the Technical Appendix of volume II, Vital Statistics of the United States). (cdc.gov)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Commonwealth of Independent States. (who.int)
  • Also known as the golden poppy, California sunlight, or cup of gold, the flower belongs to the Papveraceae family and is native to Mexico and the United States, but is more common in California than in any other US state. (worldatlas.com)
  • He thought this might begin with the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, and grow to encompass most other nations, presenting this as the only way to avoid nuclear war. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Commonwealth of Australia , as it is known officially, is the largest and most populous country in Oceania. (worldatlas.com)
  • or Syria or any country to which the United States embargoes goods. (adobe.com)
  • The parties take measures for enhancement of national legal systems for diabetes problem taking into account agreements and decisions in the field of health care made within the Commonwealth of Independent States. (cis-legislation.com)
  • 3. You said that SOCA concluded that the high-quality of the forgeries indicated they were made by a state intelligence service, with the implication that the only possible suspect must be Israel leading to your draconian decision that a member of the Israel embassy be withdrawn from the UK. (blogspot.com)
  • As its official name implies, Micronesia is a federation of four distinct island states. (worldatlas.com)
  • A supranational union is a supranational polity which lies somewhere between a confederation that is an association of States and a federation that is a state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arguably, for the federation to function effectively, this should be interpreted to include consideration of the institutional arrangements at the heart of the Commonwealth-State relationship, as well as the financial component. (theconversation.com)
  • ATHENS - To revive the ailing European project, the ugly conflict between Catalonia's regional government and the Spanish state may be just what the doctor ordered. (project-syndicate.org)
  • What Is The State Flower of California? (worldatlas.com)
  • Although the California poppy comes in a variety of colors, it is the yellow California poppy that is the state flower. (worldatlas.com)
  • California is a state located in the Pacific region of the United States . (worldatlas.com)
  • California has a series of officially designated state symbols, including a state animal (California grizzly bear), bird (California quail), and fruit (avocado). (worldatlas.com)
  • It also has a state flower, the California poppy, which was officially recognized in 1903. (worldatlas.com)
  • The California poppy is an ornamental flower that typically blossoms during summer in fields throughout the state. (worldatlas.com)
  • As the official state flower, picking or destroying the California poppy grown in state property is prohibited and punishable by fine or imprisonment. (worldatlas.com)
  • The California poppy was first suggested for adoption as the state flower of California in the 1890s by American botanist Sarah Plummer Lemmon, who later presented the bill to the California Legislature. (worldatlas.com)
  • It was unofficially selected by the California State Flower Society in 1890, among other flowers such as the Mariposa lily and Matilija poppy. (worldatlas.com)
  • The golden bloom of the California poppy was considered an appropriate symbol of the Golden State. (worldatlas.com)
  • The discovery of gold in California and the role it played in the state's economy earned California the nickname "The Golden State. (worldatlas.com)
  • It is now found throughout Florida and parts of other Gulf States and California and in greenhouses in many parts of the United States. (ufl.edu)
  • State of the Putoran snow sheep population. (iucnredlist.org)
  • This table also presents for each year through 1932 the estimated midyear population of the United States and of those States included in the registration system. (cdc.gov)