Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original STEM CELLS in the embryo.
A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.
Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.
Dedication or commitment shown by employees to organizations or institutions where they work.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.
Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
Cells derived from the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS which forms before implantation in the uterine wall. They retain the ability to divide, proliferate and provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.
An acute tick-borne arbovirus infection causing meningoencephalomyelitis of sheep.
A transcription factor that is essential for CELL DIFFERENTIATION of B-LYMPHOCYTES. It functions both as a transcriptional activator and repressor to mediate B-cell commitment.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A single, unpaired primary lymphoid organ situated in the MEDIASTINUM, extending superiorly into the neck to the lower edge of the THYROID GLAND and inferiorly to the fourth costal cartilage. It is necessary for normal development of immunologic function early in life. By puberty, it begins to involute and much of the tissue is replaced by fat.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A myeloproliferative disorder characterized by neoplastic proliferation of erythroblastic and myeloblastic elements with atypical erythroblasts and myeloblasts in the peripheral blood.
Formation of LYMPHOCYTES and PLASMA CELLS from the lymphoid stem cells which develop from the pluripotent HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS in the BONE MARROW. These lymphoid stem cells differentiate into T-LYMPHOCYTES; B-LYMPHOCYTES; PLASMA CELLS; or NK-cells (KILLER CELLS, NATURAL) depending on the organ or tissues (LYMPHOID TISSUE) to which they migrate.
The development and formation of various types of BLOOD CELLS. Hematopoiesis can take place in the BONE MARROW (medullary) or outside the bone marrow (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
A notch receptor that interacts with a variety of ligands and regulates SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS for multiple cellular processes. It is widely expressed during EMBRYOGENESIS and is essential for EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.
Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.
The differentiation of pre-adipocytes into mature ADIPOCYTES.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.
Specialized stem cells that are committed to give rise to cells that have a particular function; examples are MYOBLASTS; MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS; and skin stem cells. (Stem Cells: A Primer [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); 2000 May [cited 2002 Apr 5]. Available from: http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/primer.htm)
A GATA transcription factor that is found predominately in LYMPHOID CELL precursors and has been implicated in the CELL DIFFERENTIATION of HELPER T-CELLS. Haploinsufficiency of GATA3 is associated with HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; and renal anomalies syndrome.
Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.
Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
A highly polar organic liquid, that is used widely as a chemical solvent. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect tissue during CRYOPRESERVATION. Dimethyl sulfoxide shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation.
A family of conserved cell surface receptors that contain EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR repeats in their extracellular domain and ANKYRIN repeats in their cytoplasmic domains. The cytoplasmic domain of notch receptors is released upon ligand binding and translocates to the CELL NUCLEUS where it acts as transcription factor.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.
A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of bone formation. It also functions as a regulator of MESODERM formation during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.
A family of DNA-binding transcription factors that contain a basic HELIX-LOOP-HELIX MOTIF.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
An acronym for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, a scoring system using routinely collected data and providing an accurate, objective description for a broad range of intensive care unit admissions, measuring severity of illness in critically ill patients.
Lymphoid cells concerned with humoral immunity. They are short-lived cells resembling bursa-derived lymphocytes of birds in their production of immunoglobulin upon appropriate stimulation.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Lymphocyte progenitor cells that are restricted in their differentiation potential to the T lymphocyte lineage.
Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Cells that can give rise to cells of the three different GERM LAYERS.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
The production of red blood cells (ERYTHROCYTES). In humans, erythrocytes are produced by the YOLK SAC in the first trimester; by the liver in the second trimester; by the BONE MARROW in the third trimester and after birth. In normal individuals, the erythrocyte count in the peripheral blood remains relatively constant implying a balance between the rate of erythrocyte production and rate of destruction.
Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.
Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.
Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.
The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Products of proto-oncogenes. Normally they do not have oncogenic or transforming properties, but are involved in the regulation or differentiation of cell growth. They often have protein kinase activity.
Stem cells derived from HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS. Derived from these myeloid progenitor cells are the MEGAKARYOCYTES; ERYTHROID CELLS; MYELOID CELLS; and some DENDRITIC CELLS.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
T-cell receptors composed of CD3-associated alpha and beta polypeptide chains and expressed primarily in CD4+ or CD8+ T-cells. Unlike immunoglobulins, the alpha-beta T-cell receptors recognize antigens only when presented in association with major histocompatibility (MHC) molecules.
A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects. Ecdysterone is the 20-hydroxylated ECDYSONE.
A genus of freshwater polyps in the family Hydridae, order Hydroida, class HYDROZOA. They are of special interest because of their complex organization and because their adult organization corresponds roughly to the gastrula of higher animals.
The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Stem cells from which B-LYMPHOCYTES; T-LYMPHOCYTES; NATURAL KILLER CELLS; and some DENDRITIC CELLS derive.
Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.
HEMATOPOIETIC PROGENITOR CELLS that have migrated to the THYMUS where they differentiate into T-LYMPHOCYTES. Thymocytes are classified into maturational stages based on the expression of CELL SURFACE ANTIGENS.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
The classes of BONE MARROW-derived blood cells in the monocytic series (MONOCYTES and their precursors) and granulocytic series (GRANULOCYTES and their precursors).
Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and medical rehabilitation services to restore or improve the functional capacity of the patient.
The process of generating white blood cells (LEUKOCYTES) from the pluripotent HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS of the BONE MARROW. There are two significant pathways to generate various types of leukocytes: MYELOPOIESIS, in which leukocytes in the blood are derived from MYELOID STEM CELLS, and LYMPHOPOIESIS, in which leukocytes of the lymphatic system (LYMPHOCYTES) are generated from lymphoid stem cells.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.
A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed)
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
The cells in the erythroid series derived from MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS or from the bi-potential MEGAKARYOCYTE-ERYTHROID PROGENITOR CELLS which eventually give rise to mature RED BLOOD CELLS. The erythroid progenitor cells develop in two phases: erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) followed by erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-E); BFU-E differentiate into CFU-E on stimulation by ERYTHROPOIETIN, and then further differentiate into ERYTHROBLASTS when stimulated by other factors.
The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.
Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.
Compounds, either natural or synthetic, which block development of the growing insect.
The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.
Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
Formation of MYELOID CELLS from the pluripotent HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS in the BONE MARROW via MYELOID STEM CELLS. Myelopoiesis generally refers to the production of leukocytes in blood, such as MONOCYTES and GRANULOCYTES. This process also produces precursor cells for MACROPHAGE and DENDRITIC CELLS found in the lymphoid tissue.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The inner of the three germ layers of an embryo.
A cytologic technique for measuring the functional capacity of stem cells by assaying their activity.
An essential GATA transcription factor that is expressed primarily in HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.
Very large BONE MARROW CELLS which release mature BLOOD PLATELETS.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.
Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A critical subpopulation of T-lymphocytes involved in the induction of most immunological functions. The HIV virus has selective tropism for the T4 cell which expresses the CD4 phenotypic marker, a receptor for HIV. In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T-lymphocytes.
A progressive condition usually characterized by combined failure of several organs such as the lungs, liver, kidney, along with some clotting mechanisms, usually postinjury or postoperative.
A classification of T-lymphocytes, especially into helper/inducer, suppressor/effector, and cytotoxic subsets, based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.
A potent osteoinductive protein that plays a critical role in the differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells into OSTEOBLASTS.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Glycoproteins found on immature hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells. They are the only molecules to date whose expression within the blood system is restricted to a small number of progenitor cells in the bone marrow.
Proteins containing a region of conserved sequence, about 200 amino acids long, which encodes a particular sequence specific DNA binding domain (the T-box domain). These proteins are transcription factors that control developmental pathways. The prototype of this family is the mouse Brachyury (or T) gene product.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Leukocytes with abundant granules in the cytoplasm. They are divided into three groups according to the staining properties of the granules: neutrophilic, eosinophilic, and basophilic. Mature granulocytes are the NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and BASOPHILS.
The parent cells that give rise to both cells of the MEGAKARYOCYTE and the ERYTHROCYTE lineages.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.
Spontaneous aggregations of human embryonic stem cells that occur in vitro after culturing in a medium that lacks LEUKEMIC INHIBITORY FACTOR. The embryoid bodies can further differentiate into cells that represent different lineages.
The planning and managing of programs, services, and resources.
Ordered rearrangement of T-cell variable gene regions coding for the delta-chain of antigen receptors.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A group of genetically identical cells all descended from a single common ancestral cell by mitosis in eukaryotes or by binary fission in prokaryotes. Clone cells also include populations of recombinant DNA molecules all carrying the same inserted sequence. (From King & Stansfield, Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
The three primary germinal layers (ECTODERM; ENDODERM; and MESODERM) developed during GASTRULATION that provide tissues and body plan of a mature organism. They derive from two early layers, hypoblast and epiblast.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Molecules on the surface of T-lymphocytes that recognize and combine with antigens. The receptors are non-covalently associated with a complex of several polypeptides collectively called CD3 antigens (ANTIGENS, CD3). Recognition of foreign antigen and the major histocompatibility complex is accomplished by a single heterodimeric antigen-receptor structure, composed of either alpha-beta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, ALPHA-BETA) or gamma-delta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, GAMMA-DELTA) chains.
All organized methods of funding.
Differentiation antigens found on thymocytes and on cytotoxic and suppressor T-lymphocytes. CD8 antigens are members of the immunoglobulin supergene family and are associative recognition elements in MHC (Major Histocompatibility Complex) Class I-restricted interactions.
Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in a hospital.
A transcription factor that dimerizes with CORE BINDING FACTOR BETA SUBUNIT to form core binding factor. It contains a highly conserved DNA-binding domain known as the runt domain and is involved in genetic regulation of skeletal development and CELL DIFFERENTIATION.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.
The outer of the three germ layers of an embryo.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Cells in the body that store FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. WHITE ADIPOCYTES are the predominant type and found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue. BROWN ADIPOCYTES are thermogenic cells that can be found in newborns of some species and hibernating mammals.
A large maf protein that regulates HINDBRAIN development, contributes to CELL DIFFERENTIATION of MONOCYTES, and interacts with ETS-1 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR.
Leukemia induced experimentally in animals by exposure to leukemogenic agents, such as VIRUSES; RADIATION; or by TRANSPLANTATION of leukemic tissues.
Proteins which maintain the transcriptional quiescence of specific GENES or OPERONS. Classical repressor proteins are DNA-binding proteins that are normally bound to the OPERATOR REGION of an operon, or the ENHANCER SEQUENCES of a gene until a signal occurs that causes their release.
A nuclear RNA-protein complex that plays a role in RNA processing. In the nucleoplasm, the U1 snRNP along with other small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (U2, U4-U6, and U5) assemble into SPLICEOSOMES that remove introns from pre-mRNA by splicing. The U1 snRNA forms base pairs with conserved sequence motifs at the 5'-splice site and recognizes both the 5'- and 3'-splice sites and may have a fundamental role in aligning the two sites for the splicing reaction.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A method of ETHICAL ANALYSIS that emphasizes practical problem solving through examining individual cases that are considered to be representative; sometimes used to denote specious argument or rationalization. Differentiate from casuistics, which is the recording and study of cases and disease.
T-cell receptors composed of CD3-associated gamma and delta polypeptide chains and expressed primarily in CD4-/CD8- T-cells. The receptors appear to be preferentially located in epithelial sites and probably play a role in the recognition of bacterial antigens. The T-cell receptor gamma/delta chains are separate and not related to the gamma and delta chains which are subunits of CD3 (see ANTIGENS, CD3).
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The external, nonvascular layer of the skin. It is made up, from within outward, of five layers of EPITHELIUM: (1) basal layer (stratum basale epidermidis); (2) spinous layer (stratum spinosum epidermidis); (3) granular layer (stratum granulosum epidermidis); (4) clear layer (stratum lucidum epidermidis); and (5) horny layer (stratum corneum epidermidis).
An excessive stress reaction to one's occupational or professional environment. It is manifested by feelings of emotional and physical exhaustion coupled with a sense of frustration and failure.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
Financial support of research activities.
A CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein found in LIVER; ADIPOSE TISSUE; INTESTINES; LUNG; ADRENAL GLANDS; PLACENTA; OVARY and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (LEUKOCYTES, MONONUCLEAR). Experiments with knock-out mice have demonstrated that CCAAT-enhancer binding protein-alpha is essential for the functioning and differentiation of HEPATOCYTES and ADIPOCYTES.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A GATA transcription factor that is specifically expressed in hematopoietic lineages and plays an important role in the CELL DIFFERENTIATION of ERYTHROID CELLS and MEGAKARYOCYTES.
Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
An important regulator of GENE EXPRESSION during growth and development, and in NEOPLASMS. Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid and derived from maternal VITAMIN A, is essential for normal GROWTH; and EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. An excess of tretinoin can be teratogenic. It is used in the treatment of PSORIASIS; ACNE VULGARIS; and several other SKIN DISEASES. It has also been approved for use in promyelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, PROMYELOCYTIC, ACUTE).
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
A genetic process by which the adult organism is realized via mechanisms that lead to the restriction in the possible fates of cells, eventually leading to their differentiated state. Mechanisms involved cause heritable changes to cells without changes to DNA sequence such as DNA METHYLATION; HISTONE modification; DNA REPLICATION TIMING; NUCLEOSOME positioning; and heterochromatization which result in selective gene expression or repression.
The material of CHROMOSOMES. It is a complex of DNA; HISTONES; and nonhistone proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE) found within the nucleus of a cell.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.
DNA sequences encoding the gamma chain of the T-cell receptor. The human gamma-chain locus is organized similarly to the TcR beta-chain locus.
The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
Process of classifying cells of the immune system based on structural and functional differences. The process is commonly used to analyze and sort T-lymphocytes into subsets based on CD antigens by the technique of flow cytometry.
Extracorporeal ULTRAFILTRATION technique without HEMODIALYSIS for treatment of fluid overload and electrolyte disturbances affecting renal, cardiac, or pulmonary function.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
DNA sequences encoding the delta chain of the T-cell receptor. The delta-chain locus is located entirely within the alpha-chain locus.
Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.
Connective tissue cells of an organ found in the loose connective tissue. These are most often associated with the uterine mucosa and the ovary as well as the hematopoietic system and elsewhere.
Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.
The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Procedures which temporarily or permanently remedy insufficient cleansing of body fluids by the kidneys.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.

Dilemmas of medical ethics in the Canadian Penitentiary Service. (1/157)

There is a unique hospital in Canada-and perhaps in the world-because it is built outside prison walls and it exists specifically for the psychiatric treatment of prisoners. It is on the one hand a hospital and on the other a prison. Moreover it has to provide the same quality and standard of care which is expected of a hospital associated with a university. From the time the hospital was established moral dilemmas appeared which were concerned with conflicts between the medical and custodial treatment of prisoners, and also with the attitudes of those having the status of prisoner-patient. Dr Roy describes these dilemmas and attitudes, and in particular a special conference which was convened to discuss them. Not only doctors and prison officials took part in this meeting but also general practitioners, theologians, philosophers, ex-prisoners, judges, lawyers, Members of Parliament and Senators. This must have been a unique occasion and Dr Roy's description may provide the impetus to examine these prison problems in other settings.  (+info)

The public's view of the competence, dangerousness, and need for legal coercion of persons with mental health problems. (2/157)

OBJECTIVES: The authors examined Americans' opinions about financial and treatment competence of people with mental health problems, potential for harm to self or others, and the use of legal means to force treatment. METHODS: The 1996 General Social Survey provided interview data with a nationally representative sample (n = 1444). Respondents were given a vignette based on diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia, major depression, alcohol dependence, or drug dependence, or a "control" case. RESULTS: The specific nature of the problem was the most important factor shaping public reaction. Respondents viewed those with "troubles," alcohol dependence, or depression as able to make treatment decisions. Most reported that persons with alcohol or drug problems or schizophrenia cannot manage money and are likely to be violent toward others. Respondents indicated a willingness to coerce individuals into treatment. Respondent and other case characteristics rarely affected opinions. CONCLUSIONS: Americans report greater concern with individuals who have drug or alcohol problems than with persons who have other mental health problems. Evaluations of dangerousness and coercion indicate a continuing need for public education.  (+info)

Frontiers in care: a case of compulsory treatment in AIDS dementia. Case study and commentaries. (3/157)

A patient with AIDS dementia was confronted and compulsorily prevented from flying out of the country before being admitted against his will to hospital. While finding this on balance justified in the circumstances the commentators raise moral questions about the levels of care in general practice and within the couple's own relationships.  (+info)

Doctors on tribunals. A confusion of roles. (4/157)

BACKGROUND: Mental health review tribunals are required to apply legal criteria within a clinical context. This can create tensions within both law and psychiatry. AIMS: To examine the role of the medical member of the tribunal as a possible mediator between the two disciplines. METHOD: Observation of tribunal hearings and panel deliberations and interviews with tribunal members were used to describe the role of the medical member. RESULTS: The dual roles imposed on the medical member as witness and decision-maker and as doctor and legal actor create formal demands and ethical conflicts that are hard, in practice, either to meet or to resolve. CONCLUSIONS: The structure for providing tribunals with access to expert psychiatric input and advice requires reconsideration.  (+info)

Trends in special (high-security) hospitals. 1: Referrals and admissions. (5/157)

BACKGROUND: Special hospitals in England provide psychiatric care and treatment in high security. Their future is often questioned. AIMS: To test for variation in demand for high-security psychiatric services over one 10-year period. METHOD: This study was from the special hospitals' case registers and hospital records. The main measures were numbers and annual rates for referrals and beds offered; the Mental Health Act 1983 (MHA) classification of mental disorder; adjusted population rates by health region; admission episodes; legal category of detention; admission source and type of offence. RESULTS: Referrals to special hospitals showed no decrease during the 10 years; an apparent increase may reflect underrecording before 1992. Admissions fell by about 16% over the 10 years, but with regional variation. Women, civil cases, admissions under the MHA classifications of psychopathic disorder or mental impairment and directly from a court on a hospital order were most affected. There was an increase in admissions of pre-trial and sentenced male prisoners, and of transferred hospital order patients from other hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: There is continuing demand from all parts of the country for high-security hospital beds. The smaller numbers admitted appear to include more demanding cases.  (+info)

Involuntary out-patient commitment and reduction of violent behaviour in persons with severe mental illness. (6/157)

BACKGROUND: Violent behaviour among persons with severe mental illness (SMI) causes public concern and is associated with illness relapse, hospital recidivism and poor outcomes in community-based treatment. AIMS: To test whether involuntary out-patient commitment (OPC) may help to reduce the incidence of violence among persons with SMI. METHOD: One-year randomised trial of the effectiveness of OPC in 262 subjects with psychotic or major mood disorders and a history of hospital recidivism. Involuntarily hospitalised subjects awaiting OPC were randomly assigned to release or court-ordered treatment after discharge. Those with a recent history of serious assault remained under OPC until expiry of the court order (up to 90 days); then OPC orders were renewed at clinical/court discretion. Control subjects had no OPC. Four-monthly follow-up interviews with subject, case manager and collateral informant took place and service records were collected. RESULTS: A significantly lower incidence of violent behaviour occurred in subjects with > or = 6 months' OPC. Lowest risk of violence was associated with extended OPC combined with regular out-patient services, adherence to prescribed medications and no substance misuse. CONCLUSIONS: OPC may significantly reduce risk of violent behaviour in persons with SMI, in part by improving adherence to medications while diminishing substance misuse.  (+info)

Working with mentally ill homeless persons: should we respect their quest for anonymity? (7/157)

In recent years, the homeless population has received much attention as authorities attempt to comprehend this phenomenon and offer solutions. When striving to establish a relationship with the homeless person, many problems arise. We encounter this dilemma when respecting the right of the mentally ill to dwell neglected in the streets and simultaneously observe their inability to comprehend provisions such as housing, shelter, medical and mental care which contribute to their human dignity. The polarities of autonomy versus involuntary treatment are highlighted when treating the homeless population.  (+info)

Changing patterns in the use of the Mental Health Act 1983 in England, 1984-1996. (8/157)

BACKGROUND: The Mental Health Act 1983 (MHA) is due to be revised by Parliament in the near future. AIMS: To explore changes in the use of the Act since its introduction. METHOD: The Department of Health and the Home Office routinely collect data on the numbers of patients admitted to psychiatric hospitals under the MHA. We present absolute figures, by year, for the total numbers admitted under each section of the Act. We used the total psychiatric hospital admissions and total prison populations as denominator data. RESULTS: Formal admissions rose from 16,044 in 1984 to 26,308 in 1996, a 63% increase. Admissions under the MHA have increased as a proportion of all admissions. The increase is mainly accounted for by changes in the use of Part II of the Act, in particular sections 2 and 3. The use of forensic sections (Part III) has also increased, with a marked increase of sections 47 and 48. Use of Part X of the Act (sections 135 and 136) declined in the late 1980s but rose again in the 1990s. CONCLUSIONS: Formal admissions are more common than they were in 1984, despite there being fewer psychiatric beds. This is probably due to changes in the provision of psychiatric services, and changing societal pressures on psychiatrists away from libertarianism and towards coercion.  (+info)

Objective: To examine the rise in the rate of involuntary admissions for mental illness in England that has occurred as community alternatives to hospital admission have been introduced. Design: Ecological analysis. Setting: England, 1988-2008. Data source: Publicly available data on provision of beds for people with mental illness in the National Health Service from Hospital Activity Statistics and involuntary admission rates from the NHS Information Centre. Main outcome measures: Association between annual changes in provision of mental illness beds in the NHS and involuntary admission rates, using cross correlation. Partial correlation coefficients were calculated and regression analysis carried out for the time lag (interval) over which the largest association between these variables was identified. Results: The rate of involuntary admissions per annum in the NHS increased by more than 60%, whereas the provision of mental illness beds decreased by more than 60% over the same period; these changes
Cutler, D., Smith, M., Wand, T., Green, T., Dinh, M. and Gribble, R. (2013), Involuntary admissions under the Mental Health Act 2007 (New South Wales): A comparison of patients detained by ambulance officers, medical practitioners and accredited persons in an emergency department. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 25: 544-549. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12138 ...
Mental Inquest Warrant (MIW) These guidelines are for Fayette County. Individuals not residing in Fayette County need to contact the local court house for guidelines specific to their county. The criterion for involuntary hospitalization is that an individual is mentally ill and presents an imminent danger or threat of
Crises and (involuntary) admissions have a strong impact on patients and their caregivers. In some countries, including the Netherlands, the number of crises and (involuntary) admissions have increased in the last years. There is also a lack of effective interventions to prevent their occurrence. Previous research has shown that a form of psychiatric advance statement - joint crisis plan - may prevent involuntary admissions, but another study showed no significant results for another form. The question remains which form of psychiatric advance statement may help to prevent crisis situations. This study examines the effects of two other psychiatric advance statements. The first is created by the patient with help from a patients advocate (Patient Advocate Crisis Plan: PACP) and the second with the help of a clinician only (Clinician facilitated Crisis Plan: CCP). We investigate whether patients with a PACP or CCP show fewer emergency visits and (involuntary) admissions as compared to patients without a
Canadian Mental Health Association, Ontario 180 Dundas Street West, Suite 2301, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8. With a Form 1, the person may remain in hospital for up to 72 hours while they receive an emergency assessment. Appeal by Patient Against Refusal to Discharge (NH606708A) Form 4. Appeal by Person Other than Patient Against Refusal to Discharge (NH606709A) Form 5. Under the Ontario Mental Health Act, a Form 1 refers to an Application by Physician for Psychiatric Assessment, or APA. ... what happens when you are on a Form 1; who can help you; What is a Form 1? Form 1. Phone: Toll Free: 1-800-875-6213 Fax: 416-977-2813 E-mail: [email protected]ontario.cmha.ca Yesterdayâ s blog spoke to the issue of an Application for Psychiatric Assessment (Form 1) under the Mental Health Act R.S.O. Subsection 29(1) of the Act Form 10 Mental Health Act (signature of officer-in-charge) (psychiatric facility) Upon the advice of his/her attending physician, I Check A,B, or C (print full name of patient) hereby ...
Three quarters of countries around the world have mental health legislation. Compulsory admission to mental health facilities (also known as involuntary commitment) is a controversial topic. It can impinge on personal liberty and the right to choose, and carry the risk of abuse for political, social and other reasons; yet it can potentially prevent harm to self and others, and assist some people in attaining their right to healthcare when they may be unable to decide in their own interests.[164] All human rights oriented mental health laws require proof of the presence of a mental disorder as defined by internationally accepted standards, but the type and severity of disorder that counts can vary in different jurisdictions. The two most often utilized grounds for involuntary admission are said to be serious likelihood of immediate or imminent danger to self or others, and the need for treatment. Applications for someone to be involuntarily admitted usually come from a mental health practitioner, ...
The Department of Health (DH) is revising the Mental Health Act code of practice for the first time since 2008 and published a draft revised code for consultation.. How do you feel the current code should be revised to better support your practice? What questions do you have about the consultation or draft code? Next week well be putting your questions to DH officials. If youd like to submit a question, leave a comment below or email [email protected] Thanks to those who have submitted thoughts so far.. Significant amendments to the code tabled in the revised version include: a new chapter on the interface between the Mental Capacity Act and Mental Health Act; a revised chapter on how to support children and young people and five new guiding principles for professionals implementing the code.. A consultation document accompanying the draft code also invites feedback on how the DH can provide further guidance to support Approved Mental Health Professionals in cases where they struggle to ...
The CQC has recently published its third annual report on Monitoring the Mental Health Act entitled Monitoring the Mental Health Act in 2012, based…
Neuroscientific endeavours to uncover the causes of severe mental impairments may be viewed as supporting arguments for capacity-based mental health laws that enable compulsory detention and treatment. This article explores the tensions between clinical, human rights and legal concepts of
The National Health Act is the key piece of legislation in the health sector, and thischapter focuses firstly on the extent to which this Act has been brought into effect over the past year. Other important pieces of health legislation are in the process of being brought into effect, including a new Nursing Act. In general, implementation of existing laws on the statute books has been slow, but some progress has been made with the less controversial aspects of the National Health Act. The second half of 2008 has been dominated by the tabling of a number of Amendment Bills relating to health, including a National Health Amendment Bill. These are expected to be taken through Parliament in 2008, despite the truncated terms provided as a result of the looming General Election in 2009. Court decisions can also have a dramatic impact on health legislation and on the development and implementation of policy. Some of these key recent cases are also covered in this chapter. Implementation-level policies continue
As our regular readers know, we are working on a book called --at this moment in time-- Committed: The Battle Over Forced Psychiatric Care. Were trying to focus on stories and as many people know, suicidal ideas and behaviors are one reason why people get committed. Im looking for one or two stories for our chapter about the experiences people have had with forced care and the spectrum of suicidality. In particular, Id like to hear from people who feel an involuntary admission helped them or a family member to get much needed treatment. As always, however, Ill take what I can get. Please feel free to comment below, or better, shoot me an email at shrinkrapblog at gmail dot com if youd be willing to share your story in a book. Obviously, we wont be using patient names or identifying information. ...
Mark Trewin discusses his role on the working group for the independent review of the Mental Health Act and the clear principles it has so far outlined for examination
Psychiatrists face difficulties when deciding on treatment plans for patients who are not interested in receiving help or are lacking the capacity to make responsible decisions. Virtual Mentor is a monthly bioethics journal published by the American Medical Association.
Earlier this month, I posted a blog titled, Understanding Lack of Access to Mental Healthcare in the US: 3 Lessons from the Gus Deeds Story. In that post, I highlighted how current mental health commitment. ...
Download fb2 Competence, Condemnation, and Commitment: An Integrated Theory of Mental Health Law (LAW AND PUBLIC POLICY: PSYCHOLOGY AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES) ebook
At the end of 2012, more than 600,000 frozen embryos are being maintained in cryopreservation storage facilities in the United States. Some of them are the subject of agreements in which one party transfers one or more embryos to another party for implantation. Such agreements may be called Embryo Adoption Agreements, although there is controversy over the use of the term adoption since the legal status of an embryo is different from that of a living child. In recent years, there have been a number of legal disputes arising from these agreements. Cynthia Marietta describes one of these disputes, McLaughlin v. Lambert, in her article, Frozen embryo litigation spotlights pressing questions: What is the legal status of an embryo and can it be adopted?. ...
Legal Status News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Legal Status From The tribunedigital-chicagotribune
Methods Eligibility criteria were: at least one psychiatric admission in the previous two years and on Enhanced Care Programme Approach register. The settings were 64 community mental health teams. The intervention was the JCP, a negotiated statement by a patient of treatment preferences for any future psychiatric emergency. Hypotheses tested were that, compared to the control group, the intervention group would experience: (1) fewer compulsory admissions; (2) fewer psychiatric admissions; (3) shorter psychiatric stays; (4) lower perceived coercion; (5) improved therapeutic relationships; and (6) improved engagement. ...
Online CPD scheme providing 12 hours for £60: suitable for solicitors, barristers, psychiatrists, social workers and psychiatric nurses ...
I am an Approved Mental Health Professional and Practice Consultant working for a local authority AMHP Service in England. I have practiced under 3 Mental Health Acts, since as long ago as 1981, even before the 1983 Mental Health Act. Which makes me pretty ancient now. This blog is designed to illuminate and explain the functions and dliemmas of an AMHP within the Mental Health Act. It is intended to be of help to professionals and service users alike. I hope that it is both informative and entertaining. I am also a freelance trainer, and teach mental health law on an AMHP course. Ive appeared at conferences all over England and Wales. If youd like to book me for your conference or training event just send me an email ...
D.N.I.S. News Network, India: Amendments seem to be the flavour of the season with Ministries trying to outdo each other in amending legislations related to disability. However, they seem more keen on quick fix measures. According to sources, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is now planning to amend the outdated Mental Health Act of 1987. But this too, is now mired in controversy.. The Ministry has reportedly assigned the task of conducting a consultative process and suggesting draft amendments to Dr. Soumitra Pathare of Pune, noted mental health expert and human rights activist. However, a section of the sector feels that the process of amendments is being looked at in a very narrow manner.. In a letter to Dr. Pathare, Dr. Achal Bhagat, Director, Sarthak, said, Under U.N.C.R.P.D., it is the responsibility of the State to consult all stakeholders before formulating changes in legislation. The State cannot delegate this responsibility to one individual. An individual, any individual, can ...
The Court has now considered the question of whether Mental Health Act assessments by AMHPs and medical practitioners can be carried out remotely (e.g. via video) - see Devon Partnership NHS Trust v Secretary of State for Health and Social Care.
People in civil commitment are at heightened risk of contracting the coronavirus because of age and poor health conditions. We know that the death rate from COVID is higher among older individuals, and civil commitment disproportionately affects older individuals, said Mike Mangels, a public defender who represents the STU residents. Since people in civil commitment have already served their sentences-sometimes lengthy-they are older on average than other incarcerated people. Since the pandemic started, they are afraid for their lives. They have to watch as some of the people they have known for 10 years or more, in some cases, are carted out, never to be seen again, he said. Marcum, a 56-year-old who has been in the STU since 2000, told The Appeal and Type Investigations that as of last Saturday, 29 detainees were in isolation because they had tested positive for COVID-19. Detainees are now locked in their cells for more than 23 hours per day, he said, but for weeks state officials ...
Two farm state Senators are promoting legislation that seeks to curb farmer suicides. Announced last month, the Seeding Rural Resilience Act would offer ways to help farmers and rural America deal with stress.. The bill was formally introduced this week by Senator John Tester, a Democrat from Montana, and Iowa Republican Senator Chuck Grassley. Grassley and Tester say the legislation is receiving praise from farm and mental health organizations. Tester says the legislation puts us on track towards giving farmers the resources they need to cope with stress in a tough economy.. Federal data shows the suicide rate is 45 percent higher in rural America than in urban areas. The bill would provide Department of Agriculture employees voluntary stress management training, and for a partnership with the Department of Health to create a $3 million public awareness campaign, and create a path to identify the best practices for responding to farm and ranch stress.. ...
Objective: This is the second of three reports on the follow-up review of mental health care at Helen Joseph Hospital (HJH). Objectives for the review were to provide realistic estimates of cost for unit activities and to establish a quality assurance cycle that may facilitate cost centre management. Method: The study described and used activity-based costing (ABC) as an approach to analyse the recurrent cost of acute in-patient care for the financial year 2007-08. Fixed (e.g. goods and services, staff salaries) and variable recurrent costs (including laboratory, pharmacy) were calculated. Cost per day, per user and per diagnostic group was calculated. Results: While the unit accounted for 4.6% of the hospitals total clinical activity (patient days), the cost of R8.12 million incurred represented only 2.4% of the total hospital expenditure (R341.36 million). Fixed costs constituted 90% of the total cost. For the total number of 520 users that stayed on average 15.4 days, the average cost was ...
Mental health legislation can help achieve these goals by providing a legal framework for implementation and enforcement. Conversely, legislation can also be used as a framework for policy development. Mental health systems are being developed in other countries in South Asia such as India, Afghanistan and Nepal, where legislations were enacted in 1987, 1997 and 2006 respectively. We are now at a stage where the Pakistani government needs to undertake a review of the fundamental interface between legislation and policy. Since the passage of the 18th Amendment, the provinces are still struggling to formulate effectual mental health policies and legislations. In the cases of the Sindh and Punjab mental health acts (2013 and 2014 respectively), the Mental Health Ordinance (MHO) of 2001 was used as a background document with limited deviation. Had there been documented facts showing disparity in the needs and resources of different regions, there might have been an argument for provincial laws and ...
The high court in Chinas northern Shandong province issued a public statement Sunday clarifying that cryptocurrency is not protected by law, the South China Morning Post reported Monday. According to the statement:. Investing or trading cryptocurrency isnt protected by law.. The court came to this conclusion after reviewing a case where the plaintiff invested 70,000 yuan ($10,799) in crypto tokens endorsed by his friends in 2017. However, the accounts were closed in 2018 after Chinas central bank, the Peoples Bank of China (PBOC), reiterated its ban on financial institutions from dealing with cryptocurrency transactions.. In January, an intermediate court in Jinan, Shandongs capital city, ruled that the plaintiffs fraud allegation was not tenable because crypto assets did not have any legal status in China. The plaintiff subsequently appealed but, in March, the court upheld its ruling.. This ruling contradicts some previous decisions by several other Chinese courts. For example, the ...
Of course this is detention without trial. I dont understand the way that Wolverine4abolishments argument turns to the topic of ethnic insanity. On the other hand there are many examples of cases of this nature where the (former) defendant is locked away in civil commitment for decades by seemingly endless cycles of competency evaluation--,(low bar of presumptive incompetency)--,competency restoration--,failure to restore (because of a high bar of competency restoration/functional capacity)--,civil commitment incompetency--,treatment--,arraignment--,incompetency---,and the cycle continues. Drs. Murrie and Zafp have written extensively on this and as long as there is the potential for partisan allegiance in evaluations for competency and mental state, the mental health system (which is supposed to be collaborative and collegial) and those railroaded into it by both parties will be held hostage by the criminal justice system (which is by definition adversarial.). ReplyDelete ...
Infobox drug}} and {{Chembox}} articles that have a legal status that is not in the list of known Schemes. Known schemes are pre-formatted for: AU, DE, CA, NZ, UK, US, UN, EU (see documentation below). ...
Find out about the legal status of medical and recreational marijuana in the state of California. Is marijuana illegal? Better safe than sorry!
The current legal status of assisted dying is inadequate and incoherent... The Commission on Assisted Dying The Commission on Assisted Dying was set up in September 2010 to consider whether the current
The Age of Digital Currency: Changing Landscape of Global Regulations and its Legal Status in China IntroductionThe Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-...
Objectives. To evaluate and compare the opinions of key stakeholders involved in the involuntary admission and treatment of patients under the Mental Health Act (MHA) 2001 regarding their views towards the operation of ...
Why dont you investigate what is happening in Florida with Civil Commitment? Men are being deemed eligible for civil commitment trials after serving their time in prison even if the crime they were in for is not sex related but they have a sex offense in their past (some up to 30 yrs prior). Some are sent to trial even though they served their prison time with good behavior (no writeups), got their GEDs, and cleaned up their life. Florida uses the mental health issue and POSSIBLE future offending as an excuse for holding SOs longer. There is NO second chance. The evaluators are paid BY the state and never reccomend for release. They use the Static-99 which is skewed toward past offenses and not the offenders present state of mind.These guys dont even have to have a mental illness diagnosis as long as they fall into the Static-99 criteria because under the Jimmy Ryce Act the state assumes if you were unable to control yourself in the past you will POSSIBLY lose control again in the future. ...
On June 29, 2012, the Wisconsin Supreme Court held that Wisconsin Statutes chapter 980 (2005-06), the states sex offender civil commitment law, does not require that a pending commitment petition be dismissed when the person subject to civil commitment is re-incarcerated due to revocation of their parole or extended supervision ...
Back in 2002, I had some ideas on July 31st and August 1st that led me to get into a pickup truck, and drive to Langley, Virginia, from my home in Philadelphia. Before leaving, I grabbed a glass pipe with a hunk of hashish in it and a poster of Albert Einstein with his tongue sticking out. A few hours later, after slowly driving past a large sign informing me that I was trespassing onto CIA property, I told the first federal police officer that I encountered, that I had driven there, in part, to identify myself as the person who had just registered the domain name: iamosamabinladen.com. I explained how I had lost my Internet connection at home earlier in the day, just seconds after registering the bin Laden domain. I was questioned by a few different federal officers over the next hour as I remained in my truck, and was eventually surrounded by four armed officers, with weapons at the ready-three on foot in front of me and on either side of me, and one atop a military humvee, behind me. After ...
risk assessment in civil commitment cases. Included is a discussion of factors predicting the selection of sexually violent predators for state civil commitment. This article offers recommendations for
Bipolar disorder is a highly heritable, lifelong, relapsing, and remitting chronic mental illness. While traditionally characterized as a disorder with distinct periods of elated and depressed mood, it is now clear that interepisode mood instability is common. Comorbid psychiatric and medical conditions are common. When occurring in medical settings mania can be both disruptive and hazardous, and may require active psychiatric management. Pharmacological approaches are the mainstay of treatment, although adjunctive psychotherapies are helpful in preventing relapse. Compulsory detention in hospital using mental health law may sometimes be required for both manic and depressive states.
The Community Treatment Order Services that serves North Simcoe Muskoka, is funded by the LHIN and sponsored by the Royal Victoria Regional Health Centre.
Mind matters: What your shrink really thinks Shrink Rap: Three Psychiatrists Explain Their Work, (Johns Hopkins University Press, $19.95) The HBO series In Treatment is between seasons, leaving a void for therapy voyeurs. Luckily, theres Shrink Rap, in which three area psychiatrists dish about their field. The book is a spinoff of a blog that Dinah Miller, Annette Hanson and Steven Roy Daviss created five years ago; it later became the podcast My Three Shrinks. The doctors, who are affiliated with such local institutions as Johns Hopkins Hospital and the University of Maryland, discuss psychiatric medications, involuntary hospitalizations and the business of psychiatry, among other topics, with compelling patient vignettes. Though the writing is more formal than their breezy, witty banter on the blog and podcast (bound to happen), its a fascinating peek into the minds of those who study minds.. - Rachel ...
A foreign nationals legal status at the time of a change, extension, or adjustment of status can influence the outcome of an immigration matter. An error in maintaining legal status may prevent the foreign national from receiving the desired immigration benefits. It is important to understand your current legal status and how it may determine your chances for change, extension, or adjustment of status.. Lawful Nonimmigrant Status. Foreign nationals in lawful nonimmigrant status possess an unexpired arrival/ departure form (I-94) issued by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) or U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). A valid I-94 by itself does not grant a valid status. Foreign nationals must also maintain lawful status by adhering to guidelines set by their visa classification. For example, H-1B visa holders must maintain employment with their petitioning employer during the period of I-94 validity. Failure to satisfy visa regulations will result in a loss of lawful ...
A foreign nationals legal status at the time of a change, extension, or adjustment of status can influence the outcome of an immigration matter. An error in maintaining legal status may prevent the foreign national from receiving the desired immigration benefits. It is important to understand your current legal status and how it may determine your chances for change, extension, or adjustment of status.. Lawful Nonimmigrant Status. Foreign nationals in lawful nonimmigrant status possess an unexpired arrival/ departure form (I-94) issued by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) or U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). A valid I-94 by itself does not grant a valid status. Foreign nationals must also maintain lawful status by adhering to guidelines set by their visa classification. For example, H-1B visa holders must maintain employment with their petitioning employer during the period of I-94 validity. Failure to satisfy visa regulations will result in a loss of lawful ...
Except I still experience many symptoms which would lead to the same diagnosis. I still experience delusions. Occasionally (very occasionally) they require me to take a mental health day, which is supported by both my workplaces. Voices are a constant for me, although the strategies developed by me with my support team do a good job of keeping them manageable, even positive at times. And I still experience paranoia. Creating a system of open and clear communication, knowing exactly where I stand in any given relationship or situation, has been huge in living positively when paranoia starts to scale negatively. I understand the logic behind basing care based around the degree of suffering an individual faces. But when you diagnose based on degrees of suffering or states of being you create positions of living which do nothing but terrify people. Schizophrenia cannot be diagnosed based on whether an individual has the capacity to function. It is only a term for a collection of symptoms. If you ...
These brave survivors speak out about their personal experiences and describe what it means to be black and mentally ill. You get the feeling that these people were misunderstood, misdiagnosed and racially stereotyped as black and dangerous. Furthermore, the disturbingly low lack of patient support for black patients also denied them the comfort and security of which they were entitled.. Their stories examine the harsher side of a typical mental health institution, in relation to the measures of control used upon patients. This includes factors concerning higher doses of medication, seclusion, control, and constraint.. In this documentary, former patients speak out about their life before, during, and after their incarceration. You follow them through their journeys of confusion and turmoil. Firstly, their struggles to understand their illnesses, and how they cope with the side effects of medication. Then secondly, their attempt to rebuild their lives and overcome their dreadful experiences ...
Welcome to the QUAD provides a space for reflections on a HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE and INFORMATICS model with universal potential in terms of application and users. The model incorporates two axes: individual-group and humanistic-group and four care (knowledge) domains - Sciences, Interpersonal, Political and Social.
If the answer is no to any of these points, we encourage you to use this tracker to push your candidate to become a more public healthcare champion. Ask them to fill out the candidate sign on letter and return it to the Campaign for NY Health. Ask them to post it to their website. Ask them to make a video about the NY Health Act or to hold a public forum about the need for guaranteed healthcare during this pandemic or to incorporate NYHA into their candidate campaign materials! Feel free to be creative about this. And let us know how these conversations go! Volunteer to adopt a district here: http://bit.ly/NYHAAdoptACandidate and we will reach out to help you encourage your local Senate and Assembly candidates to become champions for the NY Health Act ahead of the November elections ...
Het Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie is het toonaangevende wetenschappelijke tijdschrift voor de Nederlandse en Vlaamse psychiaters, arts-assistenten psychiatrie en andere geinteresseerden
Facing involuntary commitment in a federal medical prison, ex-state Sen. Raphael J. Musto is continuing the legal battle to delay his fate.. Attorneys for Musto on Friday announced they would appeal a judges decision to place the ex-lawmaker in a federal treatment facility to determine if he could regain the mental capacity to appear in court.. While U.S. District Judge A. Richard Caputo earlier this month ruled Musto, 84, was not mentally competent to stand trial on public corruption charges, the judge said he believed Musto was physically fit to appear in court.. Despite the fact they got a judge to block Mustos trial, his attorneys say they are appealing Caputos ruling that Musto was physically able to stand trial. The two issues were argued and ruled upon separately during a recent competency hearing.. Mustos attorneys had repeatedly argued that the stress of a trial would kill Musto because of his ailing physical health, which include liver cirrhosis and an aortic aneurysm that could ...
School shootings and high-profile stories of mental illness often bring about calls for change from government officials, but this year Congress did not pass mental health care reforms and states slowed in their response to the issue, shows a study by the National Alliance on Mental Illness. The State Mental Health Legislation report for 2014 comes days before the second anniversary of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shootings in Newtown, Connecticut, when Adam Lanza - who had untreated mental illness - killed 20 children, six educators, and his mother, before killing himself. The massacre, another in a string of school shootings in recent years, again raised questions about gun control and early intervention for people with mental health issues.More. Military-style technology finds way into school district safety measures ...
People with mental illness were routinely imprisoned and only later put in primitive treatment facilities where many were subjected to barely tolerable hot- and cold-water baths, among other things. [...] the state ranks near the bottom when it comes to per-capita mental health spending. More disturbing, those with mental illness are too often demonized as a source of community violence even though they are far more likely to be victims than perpetrators. Schizophrenia is consistently overdiagnosed, while more manageable conditions such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder are often underrecognized or misdiagnosed - resulting in higher incidents of seclusion, use of restraints and involuntary commitment, and lower levels of support for patients and their families. Unfortunately, despite evidence to the contrary, too many people still believe that people struggling with mental health issues are to blame for them - that danger is rampant, recovery is rare and treatment is ineffectual. [..
Whether the individual is mentally ill and dangerous to either himself or others and is in need of confined therapy turns on ... It concluded that the standard of proof of the preponderance of the evidence satisfied due process in a civil commitment ... The jury found that Addington was mentally ill and required hospitalization. Thereupon the trial court ordered his indefinite ... that Addington was mentally ill and that hospitalization was required for his own welfare and the welfare of others. ...
Kennedy, Randy (August 20, 1999). "PUBLIC LIVES; A Crusader for Mentally Ill Lost Old Allies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362- ... They viewed outpatient commitment as a less expensive, less restrictive and more humane alternative to inpatient commitment. ... Failure to comply could result in commitment for up to 72 hours. Kendra's Law does not mandate that patients be forced to take ... Buffalo and Erie County NAMI of NYC/Staten Island NAMI Orange County NAMI Champlain Valley Harlem Alliance for the Mentally Ill ...
Asher Raby: mentally-ill religious fanatic who killed five people across the country from March to November 1979, including ... sentenced to involuntary commitment. Lainz Angels of Death: four nurses at the Lainz General Hospital in Vienna who admitted to ... "Il mostro e il commissario che lo braccò fino a Genova" [The monster and the commissioner who chased him to Genoa]. Il Giornale ... Li Zhanguo: known as "The Henan Gay Murderer"; raped and strangled 11 mentally-ill young men in Henan from 1991 to 1995, ...
The facility also houses 50 mentally ill prisoners from the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR); ... It is a maximum security facility labelled (by the government of the state of California) as a "civil-commitment facility" and ... The U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota held that Minnesota's civil commitment scheme was a punitive system that ... by some to be a place of unconstitutionally punitive detention for those fraudulently deemed both dangerous and mentally ill ...
Thomas, Alexander (1998). "Ronald Reagan and the Commitment of the Mentally Ill: Capital, Interest Groups, and the Eclipse of ...
Leavitt became a pioneer of New York State laws relating to the criminal culpability of those adjudged mentally ill. In 1910, ... Afterwards, Leavitt chaired the Bar Association's Committee on Commitment and Discharge of the Criminal Insane. ...
Long, Robert (January 18, 2013). "How does Maine balance public safety and gun rights of mentally ill?". Bangor Daily News. ... It struck down a Maine law providing that temporary commitment triggered automatic revocation of a patient's firearms license.[ ... Jacobs, James B.; Fuhr, Zoe (December 2, 2015). "New York Disarms the 'Mentally Ill'". The Marshall Project. Retrieved ...
Some favored the involuntary commitment of a person who is determined to be mentally ill and incapable of making informed ... Nicholas B. Corwin was an eight-year-old boy murdered by Laurie Dann, a mentally ill woman, in a Winnetka, Illinois elementary ... The Dann shootings also fueled the debate about criteria for committing mentally ill people to mental health facilities against ... Chicago IL. Lucadamo, John (23 September 1988). "Park to be renamed for Dann victim". The Chicago Tribune. Chicago, IL. Brower ...
A commitment to the poor led him to establish institutions to care for the mentally ill, abandoned children, and indigent ... The humanitarian way of treating the mentally ill has been recognized internationally as one of the characteristics of the ... Joan's initiative, which provided the mentally ill with medical treatment, albeit precarious, and with a residence where they ... Pare Jofré proceeded to found what was the world's first hospital for the mentally ill, the Hospital dels Ignocens or Hospital ...
Supporters claim that the criterion is necessary to protect the mentally ill and those impacted by their involuntary treatment ... "Involuntary Commitment". NCHA. Retrieved 2020-10-15. "parens patriae". LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2020-11-03 ... Psychiatric asylums and guardianship over the mentally ill have been present for centuries. In Greece, individuals, such as ... Ancient Rome allowed guardianship over mentally ill individuals. In the US, psychiatric hospitals were not established until ...
Psychogenic polydipsia often leads to institutionalisation of mentally ill patients, since it is difficult to manage in the ... treatments occur in institutional settings and require close monitoring of the patient and a large degree of time commitment ...
Developing a Wider Range of Housing Options for the Mentally Ill', O.A.P.S.W. Newsmagazine, October 1987, Volume 14, Number 3 ... Developing Community and Hospital Partnerships: Fledgling Relationships Built on Mutual Trust, Presence and Commitment', What ... Northeastern Regional Mental Health Centre Timmins Association for the Mentally Retarded - Program Coordinator (1976-1977) ...
In Texas, the standard is that, in the judgment of the person seeking involuntary commitment, 1) the person is mentally ill, ... This is generally referred to as "civil commitment," not "involuntary commitment," since involuntary commitment can be criminal ... Mentally ill individuals may be detained under Section 2 for a period of assessment lasting up to 28 days or Section 3 for a ... A guardian of the person of a ward under the age of 18, if the guardian believes that 1) the ward is mentally ill, 2) because ...
The Lunacy Act 1845 was a landmark in the treatment of the mentally ill, as it explicitly changed the status of mentally ill ... In the United Kingdom, provision for the care of the mentally ill began in the early 19th century with a state-led effort. ... It turned out he was deaf rather than mentally ill. In many American states sex offenders who have completed a period of ... Civil commitment procedures may take place in a court or only involve physicians. If commitment does not involve a court there ...
Without community support, mentally ill have more trouble getting treatment, maintaining medication regimens, and supporting ... Psychiatry portal Community mental health service Psychiatric hospital Involuntary commitment Outpatient commitment Treatment ... National Alliance for the Mentally Ill Santa Cruz County. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. "History of the ... Arce, A. Anthony; Vergare, Michael J. (December 1987). "Homelessness, the chronic mentally ill and community mental health ...
The facility also includes a forensic unit for individuals who have either been found mentally ill or are undergoing evaluation ... Today the census averages under 200 patients, primarily placed by civil court commitment action. ...
In 1962, the panel published a report with 112 recommendations to better serve the mentally ill. In conjunction with the Joint ... Initially, this movement targeted issues surrounding involuntary commitment, use of electroconvulsive therapy, anti-psychotic ... A joint report of the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill and Public Citizen's Health Research Group. ISBN 0-7881-4279-8. ... In 1955, the Joint Commission on Mental Health and Health was authorized to investigate problems related to the mentally ill. ...
Thomas is a mentally ill man in his fifties living on his own in Amsterdam. On Maundy Thursday, he becomes confused and jumps ... whereas the younger sister Hannah prefers to focus on her own commitments as a photographer. Over the Easter holiday, it ... The film stars Marcel Musters as a mentally ill man, with Monic Hendrickx and Elsie de Brauw as his two sisters. Musters won a ...
The recidivism or rehospitalization of the mentally ill is at a high rate in many countries, and the reasons for the relapses ... potentially involuntarily during commitment. Since the mid-20th century, such medications have been leading treatments for a ...
... deciding guardianship and commitment of the mentally ill. In the 1839 Pennsylvania landmark case, Ex parte Crouse, the court ... The law that established the court, the Illinois Juvenile Court Law of 1899, was created largely because of the advocacy of ... The nation's first juvenile court was formed in Illinois in 1899 and provided a legal distinction between juvenile abandonment ...
... most notably legal guardianships for incapacitated seniors and the involuntary commitment of the mentally ill. They do not have ...
... some jurisdictions permit a defendant to plead guilty but mentally ill. A defendant who is found guilty but mentally ill may be ... It also held that the collateral attack that he was not informed that a possible alternative to his commitment was to ask for a ... However, a mentally ill defendant/patient can be found unfit to stand trial in these states. In 2001, the Nevada Supreme Court ... Little is known about the criminal justice system and the mentally ill: [T]here is no definitive study regarding the percentage ...
... such as the severely mentally ill. With the fall of Communism throughout Eastern Europe in 1989, the Brothers again found ... At that time, he gathered other men who had expressed interest in sharing his commitment and established the Brothers of the ... The services they provide are: houses for homeless men, homes for the mentally and physically handicapped and community ... themselves free to pursue their commitment to needy, who again were increasing in the aftermath of the social changes which ...
He is critical of the recent policy of making involuntary commitment of seriously mentally ill persons extremely difficult, and ... ISBN 978-1-59555-069-9. My Brother Ron: A Personal and Social History of the Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill. Scotts ... My Brother Ron: A Personal and Social History of the Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill. Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace ... Cramer also has a strong personal interest in the treatment of the mentally ill. ...
She crafted legislation to create treatment alternatives for nonviolent mentally-ill misdemeanants and cast the decisive vote ... In 2008, Pflug was honored with the commission of Washington General for commitment to her community and service to the state ... causing local governments to continually struggle to balance the need for infrastructure and services with a commitment to ...
C, Stromberg, and Stone A. "A Model State Law on Civil Commitment of the Mentally Ill." Harvard Journal on Legislation, vol. 20 ... A model state law on civil commitment of the mentally ill. (1983) Law, science, and psychiatric malpractice: a response to ...
New York State uses this standard when a court must determine whether to involuntarily hospitalize a mentally ill patient or to ... This standard was also codified by the United States Supreme Court in all mental health civil commitment cases. This standard ...
The mentally ill were frequently arrested and had charges pending when the treatment providers sought a civil commitment to ... Decriminalizing the Mentally Ill (Toronto: Irwin Law) States Try Out Courts Tailored for Mentally Ill, NPR, 2006-08-21. The ... Mentally ill prisoners in the United States Therapeutic jurisprudence There is a growing body of literature about problem- ... The current PAIR Program is a comprehensive pretrial, post-booking diversion system for mentally ill offenders. A program ...
... a mental health crisis or individuals who have been civilly committed as mentally ill in addition to their criminal commitment ...
... verdict established that he committed the crime and that he did so because he was mentally ill by a preponderance of evidence ... He argued against the idea that indefinite commitment amounted to punishment. Indefinite commitment of an insanity acquittee, ... must demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that the individual is mentally ill and dangerous. However, the concerns ... In his second release hearing held in February 1977, his request for either release or civil commitment was also denied, ...
The resident claimed he was mentally ill and kept in his apartment. This alarmed police, as her son was ostensibly still at the ... Spesivstev was likewise particularly embittered by an episode during his commitment at the Oryol Hospital, in which he asked ... He was underweight at birth but survived, although he was frequently ill afterwards. During childhood, Spesivtsev was ...
Swayze that dealt with the right of a mentally ill person to refuse treatment, even if it is in their best interests to be ... A., §4, sub§1 [as of 2010-07-01]. Bruce J. Winick (30 January 2005). Civil commitment: a therapeutic jurisprudence model. ...
DSHA is an all-male, maximum-security facility, forensic institution that houses mentally ill convicts who have been committed ... In the 1990s, California passed sexually violent predator (SVP) laws, imposing civil commitment upon prisoners meeting criteria ... Reed, Karen J. (1 January 2002). "Music Therapy Treatment Croups for Mentally Disordered Offenders (MDO) in a State Hospital ... McKee was originally institutionalized as a "Mentally Disordered Offender". In 2007, after making abusive threats to other ...
... nor were they mentally ill. According to Cohen, those who took LSD were mostly idealistic people who wanted to learn more about ... While many hippies made a long-term commitment to the lifestyle, some younger people argue that hippies "sold out" during the ... Streeter, Kurt (2014-04-09). "A couple's commitment to skid row doesn't waver". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-04-09. Stone ...
... states by incarceration rate Mass incarceration Mentally ill people in United States jails and prisons Prison-industrial ... 22,000 in involuntary commitment, 11,000 in territorial prisons, 2,500 in Indian Country jails, and 1,300 in United States ...
However, there were no reforming impulses in the reign of Charles IV (1788 to abdication in 1808), seen by some as mentally ... The Spanish army was ill-prepared. The officer corps was selected primarily on the basis of royal patronage, rather than merit ... The Republic looked to the Western democracies for help, but following an earlier commitment to provide assistance by French ... Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-0902-5. OCLC 892239313. Lorenzo Vicente, Juan Antonio (2001). "Claves ...
Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-88509-4. Weinberg, Gerhard (1980). The Foreign Policy of ... the physically and mentally disabled, Jehovah's Witnesses, Adventists, and trade unionists. Hitler did not speak publicly about ... assured him that neither Britain nor France would honour their commitments to Poland. Accordingly, on 22 August 1939 Hitler ... Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-88511-7. Weinberg, Gerhard (1995). "Hitler and England, 1933- ...
... including the mentally ill" to an area that had "great potential for commercial growth." In April 1992, a Superior Court jury ... "City's Commitment to Skid Row Housing Falters," Los Angeles Times, July 21, 1987, page C-1 Bill Boyarsky, "Skid Row Businesses ... Mayor Over Shelter for Mentally Ill," Los Angeles Times, September 21, 1987 Penelope McMillan, "Girlfriend Took Advantage of ... It was said that Lindsay "began to decline mentally and physically" after Theresa died in 1984; they had been married 49 years ...
Chadly Daniel Stern, who currently works at the Department of Psychology at the University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign. His ... The authoritarian personality type is suggested to be; ethnocentric, ego-defensive, mentally rigid, conforming and conventional ... the degree of popularity of a political group can be influenced by its existing size and the believed unanimity and commitment ... and degree of unanimity and commitment to the group. Therefore, ...
... was killed in a knife attack by a mentally-ill woman. At his funeral, Brother Roger had an ecumenical dream fulfilled. The ... "A lifelong commitment - Taizé". Taize.fr. Archived from the original on 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2015-09-05. "The Brothers of ... Owing to the founder's commitment, since its inception the community has evolved into an important site for Catholic-Lutheran ...
Five years later, a mentally ill man shot her grandmother Alberta Williams King to death during a service at the Ebenezer ... "Commitment to Community" award for her work as an attorney and community leader. On October 7, 2009, King received an award for ...
... and excluded from entry the mentally ill, the intellectually disabled, criminals, or any other person potentially dependent ... Even after Arthur signed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act into law, proponents of the act doubted Arthur's commitment to ... In ill health and lacking the full support of his party by the end of his term, Arthur made only a token effort for the ... Some Stalwarts backed Arthur, but others supported Senator John A. Logan of Illinois. Reform-minded Republicans, friendlier to ...
Starting to fall ill from the experimental serum and no longer having any reason to his goals, Ben attempts to take revenge on ... J'onn saves her by mentally connecting. In the next episode M'gann meets her former mate, and assists J'onn and the DEO in ... due to Benanti's other commitments. Durance previously portrayed Lois Lane on Smallville. Astra In-Ze (portrayed by Laura ...
If they were ill, they were taken to the hospitals on Islands 2 and 3. A number of measles wards on Island 3 were converted to ... or commitment to sanatoria. Male and female patients were segregated, and there were also a dayroom, veranda, nurse's office, ... Andrew Knox developed more objective testing methods to determine with increased accuracy whether an immigrant was mentally ... At the extreme eastern end of island three were three separate isolation pavilions, which contained (wards I-L) and a staff ...
Illinois originally did not have any system for caring for its mentally ill citizens who were either living with their family ... At the time, Illinois law (which was enacted when the hospital opened) had an exception to its commitment hearing requirement ... Dorothea Dix lobbied the state legislature to create a facility in Illinois designed for the care of the mentally ill. On March ... 2012 disestablishments in Illinois, Buildings and structures in Morgan County, Illinois, Defunct hospitals in Illinois, ...
Johann Heinrich Ferdinand von Autenrieth, the inventor of a mask for the prevention of screaming in the mentally ill. The ... Although he rejected the violence of the Reign of Terror, his commitment to the principles of 1789 remained intense. ... Francesco Alfieri, "Il Parmenide e lo Hölderlin di Heidegger. L'"altro inizio" come alternativa al dominio della soggettività ... Hölderlin was in danger of being tried too but was declared mentally unfit to stand trial. On 11 September 1806, Hölderlin was ...
Previous studies have concluded that children can recognize and mentally picture brand logos at the age of just six months old ... Marketing Nutrition: Soy Functional Foods, Biotechnology, and Obesity, (2007), Brian Wansink, Champaign, IL: University of ... "Comparison of food industry policies and commitments on marketing to children and product (re)formulation in Australia, New ... Illinois Press. Helm & Gritsch, 2014 Pineda, Dorany (2020-01-19). "Frieda Caplan, the 'Kiwi Queen' who introduced hundreds of ...
I'm attacking the Left for exploiting a mentally ill child." Hahn returned, "Relax, skinny boy; I got this." Knowles promptly ... "professed opinions do not align with our commitment to diversity and inclusion and our goal of providing a welcoming ... Zhao, Christina (September 23, 2019). "Fox News guests fight on-air after one called Greta Thunberg a "mentally ill Swedish ... In September 2019, Knowles called teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg "a mentally ill Swedish child" on the Fox News ...
In addition, spending of local authorities on the mentally ill doubled from £10 million in 1963/64 to £20 million in 1967/68. ... His political commitment included assigning implementation responsibility to Jennie Lee, the widow of Aneurin Bevan, the ... Efforts were also made to improve provisions for mentally handicapped adults and children. From 1965 up until the end of 1966, ... If the reason for retirement was ill-health, the efficient running of the department or reorganisation, and the civil servant ...
... the mentally ill, and homosexuals onto the boats destined for Florida. The event destabilized Carter's administration, and ... Castro was left out of the negotiations, in which Khrushchev agreed to remove the missiles in exchange for a U.S. commitment ... I would not be stopped by the hatred and ill will of a few thousand people, including some of my relatives, half the people I ... Feeling betrayed by Khrushchev, Castro was furious and soon fell ill. Proposing a five-point plan, Castro demanded that the U.S ...
"BasicNeeds: Helping the Mentally Ill Live Productively". Psychiatric Times. 1 June 2006. Retrieved 2008-09-10. "Plants as ... Underhill received the esteemed Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship 2013 which recognised his commitment towards: 'altering ...
Over 70 percent of mentally ill prisoners in the United States also have a substance use disorder. Nevertheless, only 7 to 17 ... Employment as a turning point enhances attachment and commitment to mainstream individuals and pursuits. From that perspective ...
Deferred prosecution Presumption of guilt These sections relate to sentencing of intellectually disabled and mentally ill ... By pleading guilty, defendants waive those rights in exchange for a commitment from the prosecutor, such as a reduced charge or ...
Many people will make a serious commitment at this time, perhaps to (or from) a marriage, starting a family or buying a home. ... Transiting Saturn Period of limitation, restriction, possible ill-health, depleted energy, losses, depressive moods, death, ... Difficult aspects may stimulate neurotic, escapist, suicidal and mentally disturbed tendencies. Victimization, delusions, ...
During his clinical training as a psychologist, he observed treatment of mentally ill persons by the health care practitioners ... "Belief in a Just World and Commitment to Long-Term Deserved Outcomes" (PDF). Social Justice Research. 18 (4): 429-444. ...
Morgan has become mentally unstable as Duane was killed by Morgan's undead wife, and refuses to rejoin Rick's group. In season ... His burdening of ill-conceived principles and refusal to let go of the past angers Michonne, despite their growing attraction ... An ongoing war diminishes Morgan's commitment to peace, and he reverts to killing. By the end of the war, he leaves Washington ...
She was placed in rehab at the age of 13, and spent eighteen months in an institution for the mentally ill. A suicide attempt ... However, after unexpected commitments, Barrymore played Casey Becker in a minor role, and Neve Campbell took the leading role. ... as two long-time friends whose relationship is put to the test when one starts a family and the other becomes ill. Reviewers ...
... the workhouses and asylums for the mentally ill. By the end of the 19th century, the principles of classical liberalism were ... Commitment to laissez-faire was not uniform. Some economists advocated state support of public works and education. Classical ...
The vast majority of the mentally ill were treated in domestic contexts with only the most unmanageable or burdensome likely to ... He worked chiefly in Paris and in 1887 founded the Pasteur Institute there to perpetuate his commitment to basic research and ... ever more state governments in the West extended their authority and responsibility over the mentally ill. Small-scale asylums ... When a person became ill, doctors would prescribe both magical formulas to be recited as well as medicinal treatments. The ...
Browsing by Subject "Commitment of Mentally Ill". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. ...
Commitment of the mentally ill: Legal and administrative aspects in Los Angeles County - Page 29. Authors. ...
Results of search for su:{Commitment of mentally ill.} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently available ... Secure provision : a review of special services for the mentally ill and mentally handicapped in England and Wales / edited by ...
COMMITMENT & the MENTALLY ILL. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES. COMPUTER LAW. COMPUTERS. CONDOMINIUMS & COOPERATIVE HOUSING. ...
Faculty who have authored publications indexed to the term Commitment of Mentally Ill. Name. Title. Department. Institution. ...
Jerri Clark, who founded the advocacy group Mothers of the Mentally Ill after her son died by suicide, argues that the smaller ... Filed under: civil commitments, disability rights, involuntary commitment, Manka Dhingra, mental illness Post navigation. ← ... Massachusetts needs assisted outpatient treatment for the severely mentally ill. I have worked as an RN in many different ... 5 thoughts on "Mental Health Advocates Raise Concerns About Psychiatric Commitment Bill" * Katie says: ...
Commitment of Mentally Ill [‎4]‎. Committee Membership [‎174]‎. Commonwealth of Independent States [‎225]‎. ...
Commitment of Mentally Ill * Hospitalization * Humans * Mental Disorders* / drug therapy * Mental Disorders* / therapy ...
TO THE CHRONICALLY MENTALLY ILL *Sources:. *5 - ACCEPTANCE, MINDFULNESS, VALUES, AND PSYCHOSIS: APPLYING ACCEPTANCE AND ... 5 - ACCEPTANCE, MINDFULNESS, VALUES, AND PSYCHOSIS: APPLYING ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY (ACT) TO THE CHRONICALLY ... Explore 5 - ACCEPTANCE, MINDFULNESS, VALUES, AND PSYCHOSIS: APPLYING ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY (ACT) ...
a person who is/was mentally ill or an alcohol/drug abuser and subject to involuntary commitment for care and treatment; ...
Novartis partners with Baheya, reiterates commitment to breast cancer patients in Egypt ... All societies suffer violence, perpetrators are not mentally ill: American expert - Daily News Egypt. Friday December 2, 2022 ... All societies suffer violence, perpetrators are not mentally ill: American expert. Statistically, men are more violent than ... Comments Off on All societies suffer violence, perpetrators are not mentally ill: American expert ...
The deinstitutionalization movement; National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) study; Numbers of schizophrenics on the ... About 400 severely men tally ill people each day come to socialize with fellow patients, develop work skills, and get ongoing ... But at his commitment hearing, the judge ruled that none of his actions constituted an imminent danger and declared him free to ... Although mentally ill people, when receiving treatment, are believed to be no more violent than average, when they are not ...
Which States are Naughty or Nice to Mentally Ill? ... advocates compared states commitment to the mentally ill by ... Governors and legislators regularly claim, "we have to do more for the mentally ill." But how much are they actually doing and ... As revealed in Insane Consequences: How the Mental Health Industry Fails the Mentally Ill by one the studys authors, no state ... DJ Jaffe is author of Insane Consequences: How the Mental Health Industry Fails the Mentally Ill (Prometheus Books, 2017) and ...
I was once involved in the legal commitment of an individual who was mentally ill. The judge treated those seeking commitment ... the mentally ill, World War I amputees, emotionally disturbed children, the elderly and others considered unfit to live. German ... It justified euthanasia of "absolutely worthless human beings," those "mentally completely dead" with lives not worth living. ...
Civil Commitment of the Mentally Ill in Nebraska. Larry L. Langdale. PDF ...
I think we need to re-institute involuntary commitment of the mentally ill. Put Republicans where the belong. ...
Most severely mentally ill people dont meet civil commitment standards, but many struggle on their own. Whats left is a ... Most severely mentally ill people dont meet civil commitment standards, but many struggle on their own. Whats left is a ...
orders involuntary commitments of mentally ill or chemically dependent persons, and *hears and decides trust and estate ...
a) mentally ill and either dangerous to self or dangerous to others, or (b) in need of treatment in order to prevent further ... At the end of the initial inpatient commitment period a rehearing can be held, and a second commitment order issued for an ... For example, here are North Carolinas criteria and procedure for mentally ill patients:. An individual may be committed ... Rehearings can be held at the end of this second commitment period and annually thereafter.... [9,10,11] North Carolina also ...
Jails have a much higher percentage of homeless mentally ill than does the general community, and those with psychiatric ... Judges may also exercise a third option: ordering an individuals involuntary commitment to intensive outpatient treatment in ... Jail stays for mentally ill detainees, once 5 times longer than those for other detainees, have been dramatically reduced ... Managing mental illness at the community level can keep the mentally ill out of jail and out of the emergency department as ...
Mills MT: Civil commitment of the mentally ill: an overview. Ann Am Acad Pol Soc Sci 484:28-41, 1986. ... Previous studies have scrutinized the decision-making process of physicians involved in the civil commitment of mentally ill ... Mentally ill persons could be confined if a family member and a physician determined that there was a need for involuntary ... There is a written affidavit under oath by a witness stating a belief that the person is mentally ill and that because of the ...
... the brutal killing of Mae Herman in her Willmar home in 1974 should be committed to a secure state facility as a mentally ill ... The Kandiyohi County Attorneys Office filed for the civil commitment and is asking the court to find him mentally ill and ... the brutal killing of Mae Herman in her Willmar home in 1974 should be committed to a secure state facility as a mentally ill ... Witnesses detail Algene Vossens dementia, aggression as commitment considered for Willmar homicide suspect. Read full article ...
When Telling A Psychiatrist You Are Not Mentally Ill Is Grounds for Commitment Krista Hartmann May 18, 2020 at 8:05 am. During ... I too was discovered to be mentally-ill-for-life in my 50s, presenting with insomnia as a result of financial anxiety….and ... My PCP suggested I could see someone, a THERAPIST, as if I was still, really mentally ill. Walk back into the propeller. Just ... 2-Justifying oneself to a mentally ill patient is NOT what psychiatry does. They dont have to. I was NEVER more stigmatized ...
AN ACT TO AMEND TITLE 16 OF THE DELAWARE CODE RELATING TO THE COMMITMENT OF THE MENTALLY ILL. ... The following due process protection have been added after an involuntary inpatient commitment has been ordered: the order may ... changes made by this Act is the combination of Chapter 50 with those portions of Chapter 51 dealing with civil commitment. Thus ...
2) was convicted of a felony immediately prior to or during commitment as a person who is mentally ill and dangerous; or ... c) If the court finds that the patient should be committed as a person who is mentally ill, but not as a person who is mentally ... 253B.18 PERSONS WHO ARE MENTALLY ILL AND DANGEROUS TO THE PUBLIC.. § Subdivision 1.Procedure.. (a) Upon the filing of a ... a) a patient who has been committed as a person who is mentally ill and dangerous and who:. (1) was found incompetent to ...
... with narrow exceptions such as civil commitment of the dangerously mentally ill. Prolonged detention based solely on a ...
Unfortunately, I was an INTP married to ESFJ that was mentally ill. No insult intended at ESFJ's, but mental illness ... But with work and commitment from both sides, no more of a roller coaster than any other relationship. ...
... mentally ill person. Even if the initial commitment was permissible, "it could not constitutionally continue after that basis ... tally ill without appropriate procedures to prove that he was mentally ill. "The loss of liberty produced by an involuntary ... The State may also confine a mentally ill person if it shows "by clear and convincing evidence that the individual is mentally ... is mentally ill and dangerous and to base release decisions on qualified testimony that the person is no longer mentally ill or ...
The alleged mentally ill person must be examined at our local emergency room. If he/she is unwilling to go there voluntraily, ... Mental Commitments If you have reason to believe someone is mentally ill, call a local police agency, or call Hiawatha ... Mental Commitments. If you have reason to believe someone is mentally ill, call a local police agency, or call Hiawatha ... The alleged mentally ill person must be examined at our local emergency room. If he/she is unwilling to go there voluntraily, ...
It also means following through on Mayor Adamss commitment to using Kendras Law to compel seriously mentally ill New Yorkers ... mentally ill can and should go further. While mental health courts are a valuable resource for mentally ill people in the ... If mentally ill offenders account for some significant proportion of hate crimes, a special focus on addressing those ... A higher priority should be given to treatment of the severely mentally ill generally, both after they commit a crime ( ...
  • In any case where the petition was filed immediately following the acquittal of the proposed patient for a crime against the person pursuant to a verdict of not guilty by reason of mental illness, the verdict constitutes evidence that the proposed patient is a person who is mentally ill and dangerous within the meaning of this section. (mn.gov)
  • Upon commitment, admission procedures shall be carried out pursuant to section 253B.10 . (mn.gov)
  • b) Once a patient is admitted to a treatment facility pursuant to a commitment under this subdivision, treatment must begin regardless of whether a review hearing will be held under subdivision 2. (mn.gov)
  • This matter is before us on an order to show cause issued upon an application for writ of habeas corpus filed in behalf of David De La O, who is confined in the California Rehabilitation Center under an order of commitment entered pursuant to Penal Code section 6450 (post, fn. (justia.com)
  • John W. Arnzen III, Harold Williams, Galen K. Shaffer and Edward Lee Briggs, patients at the Civil Commitment Unit, filed a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that installing cameras in the restrooms at the Unit violated the Fourth Amendment's prohibition against unreasonable searches and their right to privacy. (prisonlegalnews.org)
  • Defendant, who is subject to indeterminate commitment pursuant to Proposition 83, challenges the law on several constitutional grounds: that it violates the due process and equal protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution and that it violates the ex post facto clause, article I, section 10 of the United States Constitution. (findlaw.com)
  • A related petition has been filed in Stearns County District Court to commit Vogel as mentally ill and chemically dependent. (wjon.com)
  • The Act, as originally enacted (Stats.1995, ch. 763, § 3, p. 5922), provided for the involuntary civil commitment for a two-year term of confinement and treatment of persons who, by a unanimous jury verdict after trial (Welf. (findlaw.com)
  • The Intersection of State Involuntary Civil Commitment Laws and Federal Statute 18 USC § 922(g)(4). (gunsandpsychiatricillness.org)
  • Forensic psychologists, a family caregiver and social workers were among those who testified Friday as District Judge Stephen Wentzell presided over a civil commitment hearing for Algene Leeland Vossen, 81. (yahoo.com)
  • The Kandiyohi County Attorney's Office has filed a petition for the civil commitment of Algene Leeland Vossen, 81. (wctrib.com)
  • In April 2013 the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a preliminary injunction granted by a federal district court in a lawsuit challenging the placement of video cameras in bathrooms at the Iowa Civil Commitment Unit for Sex Offenders, a secure facility. (prisonlegalnews.org)
  • The relevance of psychiatric theory and decision-making for the processing of mentally disordered offenders. (sfu.ca)
  • As for the equal protection challenge, we conclude that the state has not yet carried its burden of demonstrating why SVP's, but not any other ex-felons subject to civil commitment, such as mentally disordered offenders, are subject to indefinite commitment. (findlaw.com)
  • Mentally ill persons could be confined if a family member and a physician determined that there was a need for involuntary hospitalization. (jaapl.org)
  • that the person sought to be committed is mentally ill and that he requires hospitalization for his own welfare and protection of others. (psychrights.org)
  • Lost in The Madhouse: The use and abuse of involuntary commitment Throughout the ages, the idea of involuntary hospitalization has always had its supporters and its detractors. (bartleby.com)
  • CAIRO, 9th November, 2022 (WAM) -- Vietnam reiterates its strong commitment to climate change response at the 27th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27), which is taking place in Egypt. (thecambodianews.net)
  • Involuntary Outpatient Commitment In 1955, over 559,000 individuals resided in inpatient psychiatric hospitals. (bartleby.com)
  • Outpatient Commitment is apparently no longer required, but states who adopt it will get extra funds, which I guess I find less objectionable, sort of. (shrinkrap.net)
  • Discharged from the Army after being diagnosed as schizophrenic, Mark Daniel Sallee returned to his hometown of country's homeless mentally ill. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The latest statistics from the US Department of Justice estimate that more than 1.26 million mentally ill adults are detained in the country's jails and prisons. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • Most severely mentally ill people don't meet civil commitment standards, but many struggle on their own. (kgw.com)
  • Previous studies have scrutinized the decision-making process of physicians involved in the civil commitment of mentally ill persons, but few have examined the process used by probate judges when deciding to issue orders of detention and when conducting commitment hearings. (jaapl.org)
  • Factors examined in the survey included the education and experience of the judges, their approach to the decision-making process, their view of lay and expert testimony at commitment hearings, and their knowledge about four items: two common psychiatric terms (delusion and psychosis), the leading suicide risk factor (previous attempt), and the standard of proof required for civil commitment (clear and convincing evidence). (jaapl.org)
  • Civil commitment in the United States has evolved since the opening of the Pennsylvania Hospital in 1750. (jaapl.org)
  • Over the following 200 years, most states passed legislation formalizing specific procedures for civil commitment of persons with mental illness who were in need of treatment. (jaapl.org)
  • In civil commitment proceedings, the finder of fact (in most states a probate judge or his designee) reviews the allegations and usually hears testimony from family members, the alleged mentally ill detainee, and professionals who have evaluated the detainee. (jaapl.org)
  • After hearing all testimony, the fact finder applies, at minimum, a clear and convincing standard to determine if the detainee meets the jurisdiction's standard for civil commitment. (jaapl.org)
  • To assess their overall satisfaction with the civil commitment process. (jaapl.org)
  • The Kandiyohi County Attorney's Office filed for the civil commitment and is asking the court to find him mentally ill and dangerous. (yahoo.com)
  • It is important to note at the outset that the changes in this bill appear more comprehensive than they actually are because one of the primary changes made by this Act is the combination of Chapter 50 with those portions of Chapter 51 dealing with civil commitment. (delaware.gov)
  • Indeed, it has (and probably should have) no basis in domestic U.S. law, with narrow exceptions such as civil commitment of the dangerously mentally ill. (theatlantic.com)
  • First, even if his continued confinement were constitutionally permissible, keeping him against his will in a mental institution is improper absent a determination in civil commitment proceedings of current mental illness and dangerousness. (justia.com)
  • Forensic psychologists, social workers and a family caregiver were among those offering testimony in a civil commitment hearing for Algene Vossen, charged with murder two years ago following a cold case investigation of a 1974 homicide in Willmar. (wctrib.com)
  • A District Court judge has ruled him incompetent to stand trial and ordered screening for civil commitment. (wctrib.com)
  • Meanwhile, a judge has signed an order to start the screening process for a possible civil commitment. (wjon.com)
  • A hearing is scheduled for Tuesday, November 10th on the petition for civil commitment. (wjon.com)
  • 1780 (1992), the court ruled on the Constitutional limits of the states right to confine someone for mental illness (civil commitment). (psychrights.org)
  • On appeal, administrators at the Civil Commitment Unit argued that the cameras were installed after a reported sexual assault and an incident in which a patient with a serious communicable disease engaged in consensual sex without informing the other patient of his disease. (prisonlegalnews.org)
  • The case settled following remand, with the defendants agreeing to remove the video cameras in restrooms at the Civil Commitment Unit and to ensure that cameras in the hallways outside bathrooms "do not show patients in the shower or on the toilet. (prisonlegalnews.org)
  • Civil commitment procedures and policies vary across the nation, Virginia holding one of the shortest procedures in emergency response to mental health crisis. (bartleby.com)
  • In addition, Dr. Lamb suggests that at-risk individuals who are resistant to psychiatric treatment could benefit from assisted outpatient treatment (court-ordered civil commitment). (medscape.com)
  • In recent years, military servicemen and women have found themselves increasingly targeted for surveillance, censorship, threatened with incarceration or involuntary commitment, labeled as extremists and/or mentally ill, and stripped of their Second Amendment rights. (americanfreepress.net)
  • Potential strategies to reduce recidivism in mentally ill prison inmates include diverting individuals with serious mental illness to appropriate community-based mental-health services in lieu of incarceration, linking newly released mentally ill inmates with community-based services, and developing specialized correctional mental-health facilities. (medscape.com)
  • Habit was committed under an emergency detention order, which requires evidence that a person is mentally ill and presents an imminent danger to himself or others. (pilotonline.com)
  • 1 Of these, 60% to 75% were jailed simply for bizarre behavior or nonviolent minor crimes, and yet they spend an average of 15 months longer in jail for the same charges than non-mentally ill prisoners. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • In an accompanying editorial, H. Richard Lamb, MD, from the University of Southern California, in Los Angeles, says the study provides valuable data and highlights the fact that criminalization in mentally ill prisoners is a serious problem. (medscape.com)
  • Specific issues addressed in this course will include psychiatric assessment, criminal responsibility, fitness to stand trial, prediction of dangerousness, treatment of mentally ill criminals and the penal and therapeutic commitment of the insane. (sfu.ca)
  • 10. In many parts of the world, mental health systems are poorly funded and organized and are ill- equipped to effectively treat mentally ill persons. (who.int)
  • Provide law enforcement with training on dealing with mentally ill persons. (cdc.gov)
  • Jails have a much higher percentage of homeless mentally ill than does the general community, and those with psychiatric disorders (eg, schizophrenia) must often fend for themselves. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • Jails have a much higher percentage of homeless mentally ill than does the general community for many reasons. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • They were established to contain and control those in our population who commit criminal acts while they await adjudication, but they also have been used to contain and control the homeless, so much so that they now are the mental hospitals for the homeless mentally ill. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • Clients are elderly, mentally disabled, chronically ill, or physically challenged clients, as well as hospice patients and those in various stages of rehabilitation or recovery. (connectedhomecare.com)
  • Self-care includes a variety of strategies such as staying t and healthy, both physically and mentally, avoiding hazards such as smoking and improved management of long-term health con- ditions. (bvsalud.org)
  • These courts handle wills and estates, conservator and guardianship proceedings, and commitment to psychiatric hospitals and addiction treatment facilities. (jaapl.org)
  • Five weeks prior to the shooting, the resident's family members initiated involuntary commitment proceedings but the petition was denied. (cdc.gov)
  • a) Upon the filing of a petition alleging that a proposed patient is a person who is mentally ill and dangerous to the public, the court shall hear the petition as provided in sections 253B.07 and 253B.08 . (mn.gov)
  • Respondent Faith J. Myers, has moved to dismiss (a) the Petition for 30-Day Commitment (Commitment Petition), and (b) Petition for Court Approval of Administration of Psychotropic Medication (Forced Medication Petition). (psychrights.org)
  • Habit was committed to the psychiatric hospital by his mother based on allegations he "was a potential danger to himself and in need of involuntary commitment," according to his petition. (pilotonline.com)
  • After Habit's release "there has been no additional involuntary commitment, and for the four years following that isolated incident," according to his petition. (pilotonline.com)
  • If the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the proposed patient is a person who is mentally ill and dangerous to the public, it shall commit the person to a secure treatment facility or to a treatment facility willing to accept the patient under commitment. (mn.gov)
  • It not only allows courts to commit the seriously ill to accept treatment, it commits the mental health system to meeting their core responsibility of providing it. (mentalillnesspolicy.org)
  • Many patients are forcibly detained and drugged under U.S. involuntary commitment laws, and with telepsychiatry now available, psychiatric hospitals are using this to incarcerate people against their will for their insurance. (cchrint.org)
  • The alleged mentally ill person must be examined at our local emergency room. (mackinaccounty.net)
  • Our ambassadors are chosen based on their commitment to continued mental health education, awareness and advocacy. (anzmh.asn.au)
  • The story of that event presents a highly revealing picture of how the dangerous mentally ill slip through the cracks of American society. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Whether the man accused of the brutal killing of Mae Herman in her Willmar home in 1974 should be committed to a secure state facility as a mentally ill and dangerous person is a decision now before the Kandiyohi County District Court in Willmar. (yahoo.com)
  • If he is found to be dangerous, he may be returned to the hospital whether or not he is then mentally ill. (justia.com)
  • at 368, i. e., he may be held as long as he is both mentally ill and dangerous, but no longer. (justia.com)
  • The United States Supreme Court then went on to hold that due process requires the state to show that the person is both mentally ill and dangerous. (psychrights.org)
  • WALLA WALLA - A Walla Walla County jury denied release to a sexually violent predator after prosecutors the Attorney General Bob Ferguson's Sexually Violent Predator Unit (SVP) proved that he remains mentally ill and sexually dangerous. (wa.gov)
  • This approach sends the most seriously ill to jails and prisons and puts public and police at risk. (mentalillnesspolicy.org)
  • Within a decade, essentially every state had revised commitment statutes to incorporate similar changes. (jaapl.org)
  • It is illegal in Virginia for people "involuntarily committed" for mental health treatment to buy firearms during the commitment period. (pilotonline.com)
  • Over a Quarter-Century after China Began Drafting its Mental Health Law, a system for regulating compulsory treatment and involuntary commitment is promulgated. (chinalawtranslate.com)
  • Acceptance, Mindfulness, Values, and Psychosis: Applying Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) to the Chronically Mentally Ill. In Baer, R.A. (Ed.). Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications . (bvsalud.org)
  • It starts out with At the time Governor Cristine Gregoire,start's it, establishes the commitment of State of Washgington to become a leader in the employment of individuals living with a mental illness and that their success benefits us all. (poetry.com)
  • Coupled with the DHS's dual reports on rightwing and leftwing "extremism," which broadly define extremists as individuals, military veterans, and groups "that are mainly antigovernment, rejecting federal authority in favor of state or local authority, or rejecting government authority entirely," these tactics bode ill for anyone seen as opposing the government. (americanfreepress.net)
  • Seriously mentally ill individuals who are being kept healthy and nonviolent only because of Kendra's Law are having their court orders expire without a review of whether the orders should be renewed. (mentalillnesspolicy.org)
  • Seriously mentally ill individuals who are in need of AOT to prevent them from becoming incarcerated, arrested or psychotic are not receiving it, because families reporting these individuals are ignored. (mentalillnesspolicy.org)
  • District Attorney Jackie Lacey highlighted efforts to help mentally ill individuals stay out of the criminal justice system in an annual report released today by her office. (laadda.com)
  • Involuntary Commitment and Forced Drugging are very serious invasions into the fundamental rights of people to be free of confinement and have control over what is done to their bodies and can not permissibly be undertaken lightly or cavalierly. (psychrights.org)
  • In essence, it changes the commitment from a two-year term, renewable only if the People prove to a jury beyond a reasonable doubt that the individual still meets the definition of an SVP, to an indefinite commitment from which the individual can be released if he proves by a preponderance of the evidence that he no longer is an SVP. (findlaw.com)
  • Egon Bittner has described "skid row" as a distinct geographic area within inner cities where people "lack the capacities and commitments to live normal lives," (1967b, p. 705). (jrank.org)
  • Key to MindWise's success is that we listen to and understand those that know us best, and to the voices of people affected by mental ill-health in Northern Ireland. (mindwisenv.org)
  • As revealed in Insane Consequences: How the Mental Health Industry Fails the Mentally Ill by one the study's authors, no state spends its funds effectively. (huffpost.com)
  • If a patient is an imminent danger to himself or others, there is a mechanism under state law whereby healthcare providers may obtain involuntary commitment of the patient. (medscape.com)
  • The court rejected McKee's claims that the indeterminate commitment instituted by Proposition 83 violated federal or state due process, ex post facto or equal protection provisions. (findlaw.com)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Commitment of mentally ill. (who.int)
  • To counteract this, improvement of care for the most seriously ill almost always and exclusively has to be obtained by legislation or law suits. (mentalillnesspolicy.org)
  • 3. Mental health care providers and caregivers should carefully assess the home environment of patients, especially with respect to weapons accessibility, or other means by which mentally ill patients may harm themselves or others. (cdc.gov)
  • What will it take to remove the shame associated with mental illness and what does our community need to provide appropriate resources and care for the mentally ill and their families? (kera.org)
  • A considerable test is done to find out the linkage between job satisfaction with organizational commitment, job attitude and performance which is also depend upon the other work related problems. (bartleby.com)
  • This original essay with downloadable charts explains and compares China's new rules for commitment of the mentally ill. (chinalawtranslate.com)
  • 2. Develop a system that provides quick access to law enforcement agencies regarding the most recent status and potential conditions of citizens with serious mental illness, so law enforcement personnel have concise clear information about behaviors that may be encountered when responding to a situation involving a mentally ill citizen. (cdc.gov)
  • To measure how they view both professional and lay testimony at commitment hearings. (jaapl.org)
  • Court records describe Habit's commitment only as "brief. (pilotonline.com)
  • that the driving force behind our position was compassion for our patients as they approach the end of life, and a commitment to the relief of their suffering always. (dwdwa.org.au)
  • If you have reason to believe someone is mentally ill, call a local police agency, or call Hiawatha Behavioral Health Authority (HBHA)(643-8616). (mackinaccounty.net)
  • The WMA has left unspecified how these two precepts are to be balanced, one against the other, where a terminally ill patient, for good reason (which could well include their dignity), requests a modern physician's help in the shortening of their life. (dwdwa.org.au)
  • WHO report vindicates CCHR and the many groups that have fought worldwide for the recognition of psychiatric human rights violations, including involuntary commitment and forced electroshock and other biomedical, including drug treatments. (cchrint.org)
  • 6 In general, the attitudes of judges toward the commitment process and their likely practices within the process remain obscure. (jaapl.org)
  • Due process requires that the nature of commitment bear some reasonable relation to the purpose for which the individual is committed. (justia.com)
  • It is clear that commitment for any purpose constitutes a significant deprivation of liberty that requires due process protection. (psychrights.org)
  • He said the Vietnamese delegation came to COP27 with three major tasks, one of which is to join other UNFCCC members to seek ways to realise the reached commitments and mechanisms, and raise new initiatives, mechanisms and policies to conduct energy transition firmly. (thecambodianews.net)
  • He's mentally tough as anyone ever could be', bursting with good character, and I for one feel nothing but appreciation even have the opportunity to have him in net again. (canucks.com)
  • Secure provision : a review of special services for the mentally ill and mentally handicapped in England and Wales / edited by Larry Gostin. (who.int)
  • 6. The Secretary-General of the United Nations addressed a special plenary meeting and underscored the commitment of the entire UN system to fight the HIV/AIDS pandemic at all levels. (who.int)
  • To place CLMHD concerns in context, it is important to understand that providing services to the most seriously ill should be, but the core function of mental hygiene directors. (mentalillnesspolicy.org)
  • Unfortunately, this core function of providing services to the most seriously ill is often ignored in favor of providing services to others. (mentalillnesspolicy.org)
  • In an interview with the Vietnam News Agency (VNA), Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Tran Hong Ha, who leads the Vietnamese delegation to the event, said Vietnam and other countries at the conference will work to perfect mechanisms and policies to mobilise resources from developed nations for the implementation of the commitments. (thecambodianews.net)
  • Families with MDD children show a lower degree of commitment, provide less support to one another, provideLess encouragement to express feelings and have more conflicts compared to families with no mentally ill children or parents. (semanticscholar.org)