Terminally Ill: Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)Cell Lineage: The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original STEM CELLS in the embryo.Critical Illness: A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Mentally Ill Persons: Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.Personnel Loyalty: Dedication or commitment shown by employees to organizations or institutions where they work.Critical Care: Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.Stem Cells: Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.Intensive Care Units: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Embryonic Stem Cells: Cells derived from the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS which forms before implantation in the uterine wall. They retain the ability to divide, proliferate and provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Louping Ill: An acute tick-borne arbovirus infection causing meningoencephalomyelitis of sheep.B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein: A transcription factor that is essential for CELL DIFFERENTIATION of B-LYMPHOCYTES. It functions both as a transcriptional activator and repressor to mediate B-cell commitment.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Thymus Gland: A single, unpaired primary lymphoid organ situated in the MEDIASTINUM, extending superiorly into the neck to the lower edge of the THYROID GLAND and inferiorly to the fourth costal cartilage. It is necessary for normal development of immunologic function early in life. By puberty, it begins to involute and much of the tissue is replaced by fat.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute: A myeloproliferative disorder characterized by neoplastic proliferation of erythroblastic and myeloblastic elements with atypical erythroblasts and myeloblasts in the peripheral blood.Lymphopoiesis: Formation of LYMPHOCYTES and PLASMA CELLS from the lymphoid stem cells which develop from the pluripotent HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS in the BONE MARROW. These lymphoid stem cells differentiate into T-LYMPHOCYTES; B-LYMPHOCYTES; PLASMA CELLS; or NK-cells (KILLER CELLS, NATURAL) depending on the organ or tissues (LYMPHOID TISSUE) to which they migrate.Hematopoiesis: The development and formation of various types of BLOOD CELLS. Hematopoiesis can take place in the BONE MARROW (medullary) or outside the bone marrow (HEMATOPOIESIS, EXTRAMEDULLARY).Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Mice, Inbred C57BLIntensive Care: Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Receptor, Notch1: A notch receptor that interacts with a variety of ligands and regulates SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS for multiple cellular processes. It is widely expressed during EMBRYOGENESIS and is essential for EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.Acetamides: Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.Adipogenesis: The differentiation of pre-adipocytes into mature ADIPOCYTES.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Hospital Restructuring: Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.Multipotent Stem Cells: Specialized stem cells that are committed to give rise to cells that have a particular function; examples are MYOBLASTS; MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS; and skin stem cells. (Stem Cells: A Primer [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health (US); 2000 May [cited 2002 Apr 5]. Available from: http://www.nih.gov/news/stemcell/primer.htm)GATA3 Transcription Factor: A GATA transcription factor that is found predominately in LYMPHOID CELL precursors and has been implicated in the CELL DIFFERENTIATION of HELPER T-CELLS. Haploinsufficiency of GATA3 is associated with HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; and renal anomalies syndrome.Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Dimethyl Sulfoxide: A highly polar organic liquid, that is used widely as a chemical solvent. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect tissue during CRYOPRESERVATION. Dimethyl sulfoxide shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation.Receptors, Notch: A family of conserved cell surface receptors that contain EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR repeats in their extracellular domain and ANKYRIN repeats in their cytoplasmic domains. The cytoplasmic domain of notch receptors is released upon ligand binding and translocates to the CELL NUCLEUS where it acts as transcription factor.United StatesModels, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Trans-Activators: Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4: A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of bone formation. It also functions as a regulator of MESODERM formation during EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT.Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors: A family of DNA-binding transcription factors that contain a basic HELIX-LOOP-HELIX MOTIF.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.APACHE: An acronym for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, a scoring system using routinely collected data and providing an accurate, objective description for a broad range of intensive care unit admissions, measuring severity of illness in critically ill patients.B-Lymphocytes: Lymphoid cells concerned with humoral immunity. They are short-lived cells resembling bursa-derived lymphocytes of birds in their production of immunoglobulin upon appropriate stimulation.Intensive Care Units, Pediatric: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid: Lymphocyte progenitor cells that are restricted in their differentiation potential to the T lymphocyte lineage.Job Satisfaction: Personal satisfaction relative to the work situation.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.T-Lymphocytes: Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Pluripotent Stem Cells: Cells that can give rise to cells of the three different GERM LAYERS.Sepsis: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.Respiration, Artificial: Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Erythropoiesis: The production of red blood cells (ERYTHROCYTES). In humans, erythrocytes are produced by the YOLK SAC in the first trimester; by the liver in the second trimester; by the BONE MARROW in the third trimester and after birth. In normal individuals, the erythrocyte count in the peripheral blood remains relatively constant implying a balance between the rate of erythrocyte production and rate of destruction.Mesenchymal Stromal Cells: Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.Homeodomain Proteins: Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.Bone Marrow Cells: Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.Osteoblasts: Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.Osteogenesis: The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Proto-Oncogene Proteins: Products of proto-oncogenes. Normally they do not have oncogenic or transforming properties, but are involved in the regulation or differentiation of cell growth. They often have protein kinase activity.Myeloid Progenitor Cells: Stem cells derived from HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS. Derived from these myeloid progenitor cells are the MEGAKARYOCYTES; ERYTHROID CELLS; MYELOID CELLS; and some DENDRITIC CELLS.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta: T-cell receptors composed of CD3-associated alpha and beta polypeptide chains and expressed primarily in CD4+ or CD8+ T-cells. Unlike immunoglobulins, the alpha-beta T-cell receptors recognize antigens only when presented in association with major histocompatibility (MHC) molecules.Ecdysterone: A steroid hormone that regulates the processes of MOLTING or ecdysis in insects. Ecdysterone is the 20-hydroxylated ECDYSONE.Hydra: A genus of freshwater polyps in the family Hydridae, order Hydroida, class HYDROZOA. They are of special interest because of their complex organization and because their adult organization corresponds roughly to the gastrula of higher animals.Mesoderm: The middle germ layer of an embryo derived from three paired mesenchymal aggregates along the neural tube.Acute Kidney Injury: Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Lymphoid Progenitor Cells: Stem cells from which B-LYMPHOCYTES; T-LYMPHOCYTES; NATURAL KILLER CELLS; and some DENDRITIC CELLS derive.Dangerous Behavior: Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.Thymocytes: HEMATOPOIETIC PROGENITOR CELLS that have migrated to the THYMUS where they differentiate into T-LYMPHOCYTES. Thymocytes are classified into maturational stages based on the expression of CELL SURFACE ANTIGENS.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Myeloid Cells: The classes of BONE MARROW-derived blood cells in the monocytic series (MONOCYTES and their precursors) and granulocytic series (GRANULOCYTES and their precursors).Physical Therapy Department, Hospital: Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of diagnostic and medical rehabilitation services to restore or improve the functional capacity of the patient.Leukopoiesis: The process of generating white blood cells (LEUKOCYTES) from the pluripotent HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS of the BONE MARROW. There are two significant pathways to generate various types of leukocytes: MYELOPOIESIS, in which leukocytes in the blood are derived from MYELOID STEM CELLS, and LYMPHOPOIESIS, in which leukocytes of the lymphatic system (LYMPHOCYTES) are generated from lymphoid stem cells.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Role: The expected and characteristic pattern of behavior exhibited by an individual as a member of a particular social group.Insanity Defense: A legal concept that an accused is not criminally responsible if, at the time of committing the act, the person was laboring under such a defect of reason from disease of the mind as not to know the nature and quality of the act done or if the act was known, to not have known that what was done was wrong. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed)Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Enteral Nutrition: Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.Erythroid Precursor Cells: The cells in the erythroid series derived from MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS or from the bi-potential MEGAKARYOCYTE-ERYTHROID PROGENITOR CELLS which eventually give rise to mature RED BLOOD CELLS. The erythroid progenitor cells develop in two phases: erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) followed by erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-E); BFU-E differentiate into CFU-E on stimulation by ERYTHROPOIETIN, and then further differentiate into ERYTHROBLASTS when stimulated by other factors.Cell Cycle: The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.Juvenile Hormones: Compounds, either natural or synthetic, which block development of the growing insect.Embryo, Mammalian: The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: Bone-growth regulatory factors that are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of proteins. They are synthesized as large precursor molecules which are cleaved by proteolytic enzymes. The active form can consist of a dimer of two identical proteins or a heterodimer of two related bone morphogenetic proteins.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Myelopoiesis: Formation of MYELOID CELLS from the pluripotent HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS in the BONE MARROW via MYELOID STEM CELLS. Myelopoiesis generally refers to the production of leukocytes in blood, such as MONOCYTES and GRANULOCYTES. This process also produces precursor cells for MACROPHAGE and DENDRITIC CELLS found in the lymphoid tissue.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Endoderm: The inner of the three germ layers of an embryo.Colony-Forming Units Assay: A cytologic technique for measuring the functional capacity of stem cells by assaying their activity.GATA2 Transcription Factor: An essential GATA transcription factor that is expressed primarily in HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.Megakaryocytes: Very large BONE MARROW CELLS which release mature BLOOD PLATELETS.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Cell Proliferation: All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.Organizational Culture: Beliefs and values shared by all members of the organization. These shared values, which are subject to change, are reflected in the day to day management of the organization.Forensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes: A critical subpopulation of T-lymphocytes involved in the induction of most immunological functions. The HIV virus has selective tropism for the T4 cell which expresses the CD4 phenotypic marker, a receptor for HIV. In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T-lymphocytes.Multiple Organ Failure: A progressive condition usually characterized by combined failure of several organs such as the lungs, liver, kidney, along with some clotting mechanisms, usually postinjury or postoperative.T-Lymphocyte Subsets: A classification of T-lymphocytes, especially into helper/inducer, suppressor/effector, and cytotoxic subsets, based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2: A potent osteoinductive protein that plays a critical role in the differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells into OSTEOBLASTS.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Antigens, CD34: Glycoproteins found on immature hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells. They are the only molecules to date whose expression within the blood system is restricted to a small number of progenitor cells in the bone marrow.T-Box Domain Proteins: Proteins containing a region of conserved sequence, about 200 amino acids long, which encodes a particular sequence specific DNA binding domain (the T-box domain). These proteins are transcription factors that control developmental pathways. The prototype of this family is the mouse Brachyury (or T) gene product.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Granulocytes: Leukocytes with abundant granules in the cytoplasm. They are divided into three groups according to the staining properties of the granules: neutrophilic, eosinophilic, and basophilic. Mature granulocytes are the NEUTROPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and BASOPHILS.Megakaryocyte-Erythroid Progenitor Cells: The parent cells that give rise to both cells of the MEGAKARYOCYTE and the ERYTHROCYTE lineages.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Apoptosis: One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.Metamorphosis, Biological: Profound physical changes during maturation of living organisms from the immature forms to the adult forms, such as from TADPOLES to frogs; caterpillars to BUTTERFLIES.Embryoid Bodies: Spontaneous aggregations of human embryonic stem cells that occur in vitro after culturing in a medium that lacks LEUKEMIC INHIBITORY FACTOR. The embryoid bodies can further differentiate into cells that represent different lineages.Organization and Administration: The planning and managing of programs, services, and resources.Gene Rearrangement, delta-Chain T-Cell Antigen Receptor: Ordered rearrangement of T-cell variable gene regions coding for the delta-chain of antigen receptors.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Clone Cells: A group of genetically identical cells all descended from a single common ancestral cell by mitosis in eukaryotes or by binary fission in prokaryotes. Clone cells also include populations of recombinant DNA molecules all carrying the same inserted sequence. (From King & Stansfield, Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Germ Layers: The three primary germinal layers (ECTODERM; ENDODERM; and MESODERM) developed during GASTRULATION that provide tissues and body plan of a mature organism. They derive from two early layers, hypoblast and epiblast.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Goals: The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell: Molecules on the surface of T-lymphocytes that recognize and combine with antigens. The receptors are non-covalently associated with a complex of several polypeptides collectively called CD3 antigens (ANTIGENS, CD3). Recognition of foreign antigen and the major histocompatibility complex is accomplished by a single heterodimeric antigen-receptor structure, composed of either alpha-beta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, ALPHA-BETA) or gamma-delta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, GAMMA-DELTA) chains.Great BritainFinancing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Antigens, CD8: Differentiation antigens found on thymocytes and on cytotoxic and suppressor T-lymphocytes. CD8 antigens are members of the immunoglobulin supergene family and are associative recognition elements in MHC (Major Histocompatibility Complex) Class I-restricted interactions.Nursing Staff, Hospital: Personnel who provide nursing service to patients in a hospital.Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit: A transcription factor that dimerizes with CORE BINDING FACTOR BETA SUBUNIT to form core binding factor. It contains a highly conserved DNA-binding domain known as the runt domain and is involved in genetic regulation of skeletal development and CELL DIFFERENTIATION.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Terminal Care: Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Ectoderm: The outer of the three germ layers of an embryo.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Adipocytes: Cells in the body that store FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. WHITE ADIPOCYTES are the predominant type and found mostly in the abdominal cavity and subcutaneous tissue. BROWN ADIPOCYTES are thermogenic cells that can be found in newborns of some species and hibernating mammals.MafB Transcription Factor: A large maf protein that regulates HINDBRAIN development, contributes to CELL DIFFERENTIATION of MONOCYTES, and interacts with ETS-1 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR.Leukemia, Experimental: Leukemia induced experimentally in animals by exposure to leukemogenic agents, such as VIRUSES; RADIATION; or by TRANSPLANTATION of leukemic tissues.Repressor Proteins: Proteins which maintain the transcriptional quiescence of specific GENES or OPERONS. Classical repressor proteins are DNA-binding proteins that are normally bound to the OPERATOR REGION of an operon, or the ENHANCER SEQUENCES of a gene until a signal occurs that causes their release.Ribonucleoprotein, U1 Small Nuclear: A nuclear RNA-protein complex that plays a role in RNA processing. In the nucleoplasm, the U1 snRNP along with other small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (U2, U4-U6, and U5) assemble into SPLICEOSOMES that remove introns from pre-mRNA by splicing. The U1 snRNA forms base pairs with conserved sequence motifs at the 5'-splice site and recognizes both the 5'- and 3'-splice sites and may have a fundamental role in aligning the two sites for the splicing reaction.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Casuistry: A method of ETHICAL ANALYSIS that emphasizes practical problem solving through examining individual cases that are considered to be representative; sometimes used to denote specious argument or rationalization. Differentiate from casuistics, which is the recording and study of cases and disease.Cell SeparationReceptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta: T-cell receptors composed of CD3-associated gamma and delta polypeptide chains and expressed primarily in CD4-/CD8- T-cells. The receptors appear to be preferentially located in epithelial sites and probably play a role in the recognition of bacterial antigens. The T-cell receptor gamma/delta chains are separate and not related to the gamma and delta chains which are subunits of CD3 (see ANTIGENS, CD3).Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Epidermis: The external, nonvascular layer of the skin. It is made up, from within outward, of five layers of EPITHELIUM: (1) basal layer (stratum basale epidermidis); (2) spinous layer (stratum spinosum epidermidis); (3) granular layer (stratum granulosum epidermidis); (4) clear layer (stratum lucidum epidermidis); and (5) horny layer (stratum corneum epidermidis).Burnout, Professional: An excessive stress reaction to one's occupational or professional environment. It is manifested by feelings of emotional and physical exhaustion coupled with a sense of frustration and failure.Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Down-Regulation: A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha: A CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein found in LIVER; ADIPOSE TISSUE; INTESTINES; LUNG; ADRENAL GLANDS; PLACENTA; OVARY and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (LEUKOCYTES, MONONUCLEAR). Experiments with knock-out mice have demonstrated that CCAAT-enhancer binding protein-alpha is essential for the functioning and differentiation of HEPATOCYTES and ADIPOCYTES.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.GATA1 Transcription Factor: A GATA transcription factor that is specifically expressed in hematopoietic lineages and plays an important role in the CELL DIFFERENTIATION of ERYTHROID CELLS and MEGAKARYOCYTES.Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Tretinoin: An important regulator of GENE EXPRESSION during growth and development, and in NEOPLASMS. Tretinoin, also known as retinoic acid and derived from maternal VITAMIN A, is essential for normal GROWTH; and EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT. An excess of tretinoin can be teratogenic. It is used in the treatment of PSORIASIS; ACNE VULGARIS; and several other SKIN DISEASES. It has also been approved for use in promyelocytic leukemia (LEUKEMIA, PROMYELOCYTIC, ACUTE).Fetal Blood: Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.Epigenesis, Genetic: A genetic process by which the adult organism is realized via mechanisms that lead to the restriction in the possible fates of cells, eventually leading to their differentiated state. Mechanisms involved cause heritable changes to cells without changes to DNA sequence such as DNA METHYLATION; HISTONE modification; DNA REPLICATION TIMING; NUCLEOSOME positioning; and heterochromatization which result in selective gene expression or repression.Chromatin: The material of CHROMOSOMES. It is a complex of DNA; HISTONES; and nonhistone proteins (CHROMOSOMAL PROTEINS, NON-HISTONE) found within the nucleus of a cell.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Organizational Case Studies: Descriptions and evaluations of specific health care organizations.Genes, T-Cell Receptor gamma: DNA sequences encoding the gamma chain of the T-cell receptor. The human gamma-chain locus is organized similarly to the TcR beta-chain locus.Pharmacy: The practice of compounding and dispensing medicinal preparations.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Medical Staff, Hospital: Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.Immunophenotyping: Process of classifying cells of the immune system based on structural and functional differences. The process is commonly used to analyze and sort T-lymphocytes into subsets based on CD antigens by the technique of flow cytometry.Hemofiltration: Extracorporeal ULTRAFILTRATION technique without HEMODIALYSIS for treatment of fluid overload and electrolyte disturbances affecting renal, cardiac, or pulmonary function.Ethics, Professional: The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Genes, T-Cell Receptor delta: DNA sequences encoding the delta chain of the T-cell receptor. The delta-chain locus is located entirely within the alpha-chain locus.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Stromal Cells: Connective tissue cells of an organ found in the loose connective tissue. These are most often associated with the uterine mucosa and the ovary as well as the hematopoietic system and elsewhere.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Cell Count: The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Renal Replacement Therapy: Procedures which temporarily or permanently remedy insufficient cleansing of body fluids by the kidneys.

Dilemmas of medical ethics in the Canadian Penitentiary Service. (1/157)

There is a unique hospital in Canada-and perhaps in the world-because it is built outside prison walls and it exists specifically for the psychiatric treatment of prisoners. It is on the one hand a hospital and on the other a prison. Moreover it has to provide the same quality and standard of care which is expected of a hospital associated with a university. From the time the hospital was established moral dilemmas appeared which were concerned with conflicts between the medical and custodial treatment of prisoners, and also with the attitudes of those having the status of prisoner-patient. Dr Roy describes these dilemmas and attitudes, and in particular a special conference which was convened to discuss them. Not only doctors and prison officials took part in this meeting but also general practitioners, theologians, philosophers, ex-prisoners, judges, lawyers, Members of Parliament and Senators. This must have been a unique occasion and Dr Roy's description may provide the impetus to examine these prison problems in other settings.  (+info)

The public's view of the competence, dangerousness, and need for legal coercion of persons with mental health problems. (2/157)

OBJECTIVES: The authors examined Americans' opinions about financial and treatment competence of people with mental health problems, potential for harm to self or others, and the use of legal means to force treatment. METHODS: The 1996 General Social Survey provided interview data with a nationally representative sample (n = 1444). Respondents were given a vignette based on diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia, major depression, alcohol dependence, or drug dependence, or a "control" case. RESULTS: The specific nature of the problem was the most important factor shaping public reaction. Respondents viewed those with "troubles," alcohol dependence, or depression as able to make treatment decisions. Most reported that persons with alcohol or drug problems or schizophrenia cannot manage money and are likely to be violent toward others. Respondents indicated a willingness to coerce individuals into treatment. Respondent and other case characteristics rarely affected opinions. CONCLUSIONS: Americans report greater concern with individuals who have drug or alcohol problems than with persons who have other mental health problems. Evaluations of dangerousness and coercion indicate a continuing need for public education.  (+info)

Frontiers in care: a case of compulsory treatment in AIDS dementia. Case study and commentaries. (3/157)

A patient with AIDS dementia was confronted and compulsorily prevented from flying out of the country before being admitted against his will to hospital. While finding this on balance justified in the circumstances the commentators raise moral questions about the levels of care in general practice and within the couple's own relationships.  (+info)

Doctors on tribunals. A confusion of roles. (4/157)

BACKGROUND: Mental health review tribunals are required to apply legal criteria within a clinical context. This can create tensions within both law and psychiatry. AIMS: To examine the role of the medical member of the tribunal as a possible mediator between the two disciplines. METHOD: Observation of tribunal hearings and panel deliberations and interviews with tribunal members were used to describe the role of the medical member. RESULTS: The dual roles imposed on the medical member as witness and decision-maker and as doctor and legal actor create formal demands and ethical conflicts that are hard, in practice, either to meet or to resolve. CONCLUSIONS: The structure for providing tribunals with access to expert psychiatric input and advice requires reconsideration.  (+info)

Trends in special (high-security) hospitals. 1: Referrals and admissions. (5/157)

BACKGROUND: Special hospitals in England provide psychiatric care and treatment in high security. Their future is often questioned. AIMS: To test for variation in demand for high-security psychiatric services over one 10-year period. METHOD: This study was from the special hospitals' case registers and hospital records. The main measures were numbers and annual rates for referrals and beds offered; the Mental Health Act 1983 (MHA) classification of mental disorder; adjusted population rates by health region; admission episodes; legal category of detention; admission source and type of offence. RESULTS: Referrals to special hospitals showed no decrease during the 10 years; an apparent increase may reflect underrecording before 1992. Admissions fell by about 16% over the 10 years, but with regional variation. Women, civil cases, admissions under the MHA classifications of psychopathic disorder or mental impairment and directly from a court on a hospital order were most affected. There was an increase in admissions of pre-trial and sentenced male prisoners, and of transferred hospital order patients from other hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: There is continuing demand from all parts of the country for high-security hospital beds. The smaller numbers admitted appear to include more demanding cases.  (+info)

Involuntary out-patient commitment and reduction of violent behaviour in persons with severe mental illness. (6/157)

BACKGROUND: Violent behaviour among persons with severe mental illness (SMI) causes public concern and is associated with illness relapse, hospital recidivism and poor outcomes in community-based treatment. AIMS: To test whether involuntary out-patient commitment (OPC) may help to reduce the incidence of violence among persons with SMI. METHOD: One-year randomised trial of the effectiveness of OPC in 262 subjects with psychotic or major mood disorders and a history of hospital recidivism. Involuntarily hospitalised subjects awaiting OPC were randomly assigned to release or court-ordered treatment after discharge. Those with a recent history of serious assault remained under OPC until expiry of the court order (up to 90 days); then OPC orders were renewed at clinical/court discretion. Control subjects had no OPC. Four-monthly follow-up interviews with subject, case manager and collateral informant took place and service records were collected. RESULTS: A significantly lower incidence of violent behaviour occurred in subjects with > or = 6 months' OPC. Lowest risk of violence was associated with extended OPC combined with regular out-patient services, adherence to prescribed medications and no substance misuse. CONCLUSIONS: OPC may significantly reduce risk of violent behaviour in persons with SMI, in part by improving adherence to medications while diminishing substance misuse.  (+info)

Working with mentally ill homeless persons: should we respect their quest for anonymity? (7/157)

In recent years, the homeless population has received much attention as authorities attempt to comprehend this phenomenon and offer solutions. When striving to establish a relationship with the homeless person, many problems arise. We encounter this dilemma when respecting the right of the mentally ill to dwell neglected in the streets and simultaneously observe their inability to comprehend provisions such as housing, shelter, medical and mental care which contribute to their human dignity. The polarities of autonomy versus involuntary treatment are highlighted when treating the homeless population.  (+info)

Changing patterns in the use of the Mental Health Act 1983 in England, 1984-1996. (8/157)

BACKGROUND: The Mental Health Act 1983 (MHA) is due to be revised by Parliament in the near future. AIMS: To explore changes in the use of the Act since its introduction. METHOD: The Department of Health and the Home Office routinely collect data on the numbers of patients admitted to psychiatric hospitals under the MHA. We present absolute figures, by year, for the total numbers admitted under each section of the Act. We used the total psychiatric hospital admissions and total prison populations as denominator data. RESULTS: Formal admissions rose from 16,044 in 1984 to 26,308 in 1996, a 63% increase. Admissions under the MHA have increased as a proportion of all admissions. The increase is mainly accounted for by changes in the use of Part II of the Act, in particular sections 2 and 3. The use of forensic sections (Part III) has also increased, with a marked increase of sections 47 and 48. Use of Part X of the Act (sections 135 and 136) declined in the late 1980s but rose again in the 1990s. CONCLUSIONS: Formal admissions are more common than they were in 1984, despite there being fewer psychiatric beds. This is probably due to changes in the provision of psychiatric services, and changing societal pressures on psychiatrists away from libertarianism and towards coercion.  (+info)

*Mental Health Systems Act of 1980

Thomas, Alexander (1998). "Ronald Reagan and the Commitment of the Mentally Ill: Capital, Interest Groups, and the Eclipse of ...

*American juvenile justice system

... deciding guardianship and commitment of the mentally ill. In the 1839 landmark case Ex parte Crouse, the court allowed use of ... The law that established the court, the Illinois Juvenile Court Law of 1899, was created largely because of the advocacy of ... The nation's first juvenile court was formed in Illinois in 1899 and provided a legal distinction between juvenile abandonment ...

*List of MeSH codes (F04)

... commitment of mentally ill MeSH F04.096.544.335.240 --- confidentiality MeSH F04.096.544.335.240.270 --- duty to warn MeSH ...

*Story County Sheriff's Office

... for the Mentally Ill Sheriff Fitzgerald's commitment to the citizens of Story County includes making the office more accessible ...

*Clayton Cramer

He is critical of the recent policy of making involuntary commitment of seriously mentally ill persons extremely difficult, and ... ISBN 1-59555-069-0. My Brother Ron: A Personal and Social History of the Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill. Scotts ... My Brother Ron: A Personal and Social History of the Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill. Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace ... Cramer also has a strong personal interest in the treatment of the mentally ill. ...

*United States v. Rehlander

If Rehlander is now mentally ill and dangerous, his commitment may be sought under section 3864 which, if successful, will ... "the mentally ill" doesn't on its face dispose of bans on people who were once mentally ill, perhaps many years ago. But that is ... But in section 922, Congress did not prohibit gun possession by those who were or are mentally ill and dangerous, and such a ... 34-B, § 3864, culminating in a judicial determination as to whether the subject both is mentally ill and poses a danger to ...

*Minnesota Correctional Facility - Oak Park Heights

... a mental health crisis or individuals who have been civilly committed as mentally ill in addition to their criminal commitment ...

*Public Defender Service for the District of Columbia

... conduct training sessions on the rights of mentally ill persons involved in civil commitment actions, and provide legal ... MHD lawyers also represent persons in post-commitment proceedings, including commitment reviews and outpatient revocation ... Attorneys in the Mental Health Division (MHD) handle involuntary civil commitment cases that arise in DC Superior Court. PDS is ... Its Mental Health Division provides representation to persons facing involuntary civil commitment based on allegations that the ...

*E. Fuller Torrey

A joint report of the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill and Public Citizen's Health Research Group. ISBN 0-7881-4279-8. ... whose principal activity is promoting the passage and implementation of outpatient commitment laws and civil commitment laws ... 1988, Nowhere to Go: The Tragic Odyssey of the Homeless Mentally Ill, Harper Collins, ISBN 0-06-015993-6 Torrey, E. Fuller; ... Elizabeths, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, ISBN 0-15-679015-7 1986, Care of the Seriously Mentally Ill: A Rating of State Programs ...

*Norristown State Hospital

... drugs became widely available and more emphasis was placed on allowing the mentally ill to avoid long-term commitments, the ...

*Addington v. Texas

Whether the individual is mentally ill and dangerous to either himself or others and is in need of confined therapy turns on ... It concluded that the standard of proof of the preponderance of the evidence satisfied due process in a civil commitment ... The jury found that Addington was mentally ill and required hospitalization. Thereupon the trial court ordered his indefinite ... that Addington was mentally ill and that hospitalization was required for his own welfare and the welfare of others. ...

*Joan Gilabert Jofré

A commitment to the poor led him to establish institutions to care for the mentally ill, abandoned children and indigent ... Pare Jofré proceeded to found what was the world's first hospital for the mentally ill, the Hospital dels Ignocens or Hospital ... captives in Muslim Spain and North Africa are thought to have given him an insight into the different way the mentally ill were ... and preached a memorable sermon that urged the establishment of a charitable institution to care for and treat the mentally ill ...

*Kendra's Law

As a result of these incidents, involuntary outpatient commitment moved from being a program to help the mentally ill to a ... Public safety advocates joined advocates for the mentally ill in trying to take the successful Bellevue Pilot Program statewide ... Kendra's Law basically allows courts to order certain seriously mentally ill individuals to accept treatment as a condition for ... requiring treatment for some mentally ill people conflicts with state law and can't be enforced. A 2017 Cochrane systematic ...

*Alaska Mental Health Enabling Act

A commitment regime was established under which a person said to be mentally ill was to be brought before a jury of six people ... "detailed provisions for commitment, hospitalization, and care of the mentally ill of Alaska" included in title I of the ... Alaskans who became mentally ill in the lower 48 states would be properly treated locally until they could be returned to ... The treatment of the mentally ill was governed by an agreement with the state of Oregon dating back to the turn of the 20th ...

*Carl Elliott (philosopher)

... a mentally ill young man under a civil commitment order who committed suicide after being pressured into an industry-funded ...

*Murder of Elli Perkins

Six months later, on January 29, 2004, a commitment order was issued which assessed him as "Dangerously Mentally Ill" ... And we've done numerous stories on the ill effects of drugs of various sponsors that are on CBS." When questioned about the ... Finding of non-responsibility 07/27/2003 Commitment Order 01/27/2004 Walls, Jeannette (March 29, 2006). "Scientology foes blast ...

*Joyce Patricia Brown

Francine Cournos, a Columbia University assistant professor of psychiatry, testified that Brown was mentally ill. Robert Levy, ... She was released in late January after about eleven weeks of involuntary commitment and returned to the streets. In 2000, the ... based on a state law allowing involuntary hospitalization of mentally ill people who were considered dangerous. Brown was the ... in part because although she was mentally ill, her behavior was not obviously and immediately dangerous to anyone. ...

*Jones v. United States (1983)

... verdict established that he committed the crime and that he did so because he was mentally ill by a preponderance of evidence ... He argued against the idea that indefinite commitment amounted to punishment. Indefinite commitment of an insanity acquittee, ... must demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that the individual is mentally ill and dangerous. However, the concerns ... In his second release hearing held in February 1977, his request for either release or civil commitment was also denied, ...

*Death of Dan Markingson

... acceptable to recruit seriously mentally ill patients into research studies while they are under involuntary commitment orders ... Two weeks later, Markingson was discharged to Theo House, a residential facility for the mentally ill in St. Paul. He was ... A judge granted the commitment order on November 17, 2003. Two other clinicians examined Markingson as part of the commitment ... In a letter on June 17, 2005, the Ombudsman's office pointed out that patients under a civil commitment (involuntary commitment ...

*Psychiatric survivors movement

... "continually trying to restrict the work of psychiatrists and care for the seriously mentally ill", and as promoting ... was interpreted as an abandonment of a moral commitment to do no harm. There was anger and resentment toward a profession that ... rather than people designated mentally ill. Some activists condemned psychiatry under any conditions, voluntary or involuntary ... published a series of books and pamphlets describing her experiences in the Illinois insane asylum to which her husband had had ...

*Mental health court

The mentally ill were frequently arrested and had charges pending when the treatment providers sought a civil commitment to ... Decriminalizing the Mentally Ill (Toronto: Irwin Law) States Try Out Courts Tailored for Mentally Ill, NPR, 2006-08-21. The ... Mentally ill prisoners in the United States Therapeutic jurisprudence There is a growing body of literature about problem- ... The current PAIR Program is a comprehensive pretrial, post-booking diversion system for mentally ill offenders. A program ...

*John Brooks Leavitt

Leavitt became a pioneer of New York State laws relating to the criminal culpability of those adjudged mentally ill. In 1910, ... Afterwards, Leavitt chaired the Bar Association's Committee on Commitment and Discharge of the Criminal Insane.[3]) ...

*Dallas County District Attorney

... mentally-ill offenders, and drug addicted offenders. The District Attorney's Office strives to: Be fully engaged in all the ... District Attorney is focused on balancing the vigorous prosecution of violent and habitual offenders with their commitment to ...

*Jed S. Rakoff

Under Pataki's rule, the state's psychiatrists simply had to deem such inmates "to be mentally ill and in need of involuntary ... care and treatment" and they were then committed to a mental institution without any pre-commitment due process. In an opinion ... York promulgated an executive order which allowed state-employed psychiatrists to effectuate the involuntary civil commitment- ...

*Primary polydipsia

Psychogenic polydipsia often leads to institutionalisation of mentally ill patients, since it is difficult to manage in the ... treatments occur in institutional settings and require close monitoring of the patient and a large degree of time commitment ...

*United States incarceration rate

... states by incarceration rate Mass incarceration Mentally ill people in United States jails and prisons Prison-industrial ... 5,500 in civil commitment, 2,400 in Indian country jails, and 1,400 in United States military prisons. Total U.S. incarceration ...
Cutler, D., Smith, M., Wand, T., Green, T., Dinh, M. and Gribble, R. (2013), Involuntary admissions under the Mental Health Act 2007 (New South Wales): A comparison of patients detained by ambulance officers, medical practitioners and accredited persons in an emergency department. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 25: 544-549. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12138 ...
Mental Inquest Warrant (MIW) These guidelines are for Fayette County. Individuals not residing in Fayette County need to contact the local court house for guidelines specific to their county. The criterion for involuntary hospitalization is that an individual is mentally ill and presents an imminent danger or threat of
The Department of Health (DH) is revising the Mental Health Act code of practice for the first time since 2008 and published a draft revised code for consultation.. How do you feel the current code should be revised to better support your practice? What questions do you have about the consultation or draft code? Next week well be putting your questions to DH officials. If youd like to submit a question, leave a comment below or email [email protected] Thanks to those who have submitted thoughts so far.. Significant amendments to the code tabled in the revised version include: a new chapter on the interface between the Mental Capacity Act and Mental Health Act; a revised chapter on how to support children and young people and five new guiding principles for professionals implementing the code.. A consultation document accompanying the draft code also invites feedback on how the DH can provide further guidance to support Approved Mental Health Professionals in cases where they struggle to ...
The CQC has recently published its third annual report on Monitoring the Mental Health Act entitled Monitoring the Mental Health Act in 2012, based…
Neuroscientific endeavours to uncover the causes of severe mental impairments may be viewed as supporting arguments for capacity-based mental health laws that enable compulsory detention and treatment. This article explores the tensions between clinical, human rights and legal concepts of
The National Health Act is the key piece of legislation in the health sector, and thischapter focuses firstly on the extent to which this Act has been brought into effect over the past year. Other important pieces of health legislation are in the process of being brought into effect, including a new Nursing Act. In general, implementation of existing laws on the statute books has been slow, but some progress has been made with the less controversial aspects of the National Health Act. The second half of 2008 has been dominated by the tabling of a number of Amendment Bills relating to health, including a National Health Amendment Bill. These are expected to be taken through Parliament in 2008, despite the truncated terms provided as a result of the looming General Election in 2009. Court decisions can also have a dramatic impact on health legislation and on the development and implementation of policy. Some of these key recent cases are also covered in this chapter. Implementation-level policies continue
Psychiatrists face difficulties when deciding on treatment plans for patients who are not interested in receiving help or are lacking the capacity to make responsible decisions. Virtual Mentor is a monthly bioethics journal published by the American Medical Association.
Earlier this month, I posted a blog titled, Understanding Lack of Access to Mental Healthcare in the US: 3 Lessons from the Gus Deeds Story. In that post, I highlighted how current mental health commitment. ...
Legal Status News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Legal Status From The tribunedigital-chicagotribune
Methods Eligibility criteria were: at least one psychiatric admission in the previous two years and on Enhanced Care Programme Approach register. The settings were 64 community mental health teams. The intervention was the JCP, a negotiated statement by a patient of treatment preferences for any future psychiatric emergency. Hypotheses tested were that, compared to the control group, the intervention group would experience: (1) fewer compulsory admissions; (2) fewer psychiatric admissions; (3) shorter psychiatric stays; (4) lower perceived coercion; (5) improved therapeutic relationships; and (6) improved engagement. ...
Online CPD scheme providing 12 hours for £60: suitable for solicitors, barristers, psychiatrists, social workers and psychiatric nurses ...
I am an Approved Mental Health Professional and Practice Consultant working for a local authority AMHP Service in England. I have practiced under 3 Mental Health Acts, since as long ago as 1981, even before the 1983 Mental Health Act. Which makes me pretty ancient now. This blog is designed to illuminate and explain the functions and dliemmas of an AMHP within the Mental Health Act. It is intended to be of help to professionals and service users alike. I hope that it is both informative and entertaining. I am also a freelance trainer, and teach mental health law on an AMHP course. Ive appeared at conferences all over England and Wales. If youd like to book me for your conference or training event just send me an email ...
D.N.I.S. News Network, India: Amendments seem to be the flavour of the season with Ministries trying to outdo each other in amending legislations related to disability. However, they seem more keen on quick fix measures. According to sources, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is now planning to amend the outdated Mental Health Act of 1987. But this too, is now mired in controversy.. The Ministry has reportedly assigned the task of conducting a consultative process and suggesting draft amendments to Dr. Soumitra Pathare of Pune, noted mental health expert and human rights activist. However, a section of the sector feels that the process of amendments is being looked at in a very narrow manner.. In a letter to Dr. Pathare, Dr. Achal Bhagat, Director, Sarthak, said, Under U.N.C.R.P.D., it is the responsibility of the State to consult all stakeholders before formulating changes in legislation. The State cannot delegate this responsibility to one individual. An individual, any individual, can ...
Mental health legislation can help achieve these goals by providing a legal framework for implementation and enforcement. Conversely, legislation can also be used as a framework for policy development. Mental health systems are being developed in other countries in South Asia such as India, Afghanistan and Nepal, where legislations were enacted in 1987, 1997 and 2006 respectively. We are now at a stage where the Pakistani government needs to undertake a review of the fundamental interface between legislation and policy. Since the passage of the 18th Amendment, the provinces are still struggling to formulate effectual mental health policies and legislations. In the cases of the Sindh and Punjab mental health acts (2013 and 2014 respectively), the Mental Health Ordinance (MHO) of 2001 was used as a background document with limited deviation. Had there been documented facts showing disparity in the needs and resources of different regions, there might have been an argument for provincial laws and ...
Of course this is detention without trial. I dont understand the way that Wolverine4abolishments argument turns to the topic of ethnic insanity. On the other hand there are many examples of cases of this nature where the (former) defendant is locked away in civil commitment for decades by seemingly endless cycles of competency evaluation--,(low bar of presumptive incompetency)--,competency restoration--,failure to restore (because of a high bar of competency restoration/functional capacity)--,civil commitment incompetency--,treatment--,arraignment--,incompetency---,and the cycle continues. Drs. Murrie and Zafp have written extensively on this and as long as there is the potential for partisan allegiance in evaluations for competency and mental state, the mental health system (which is supposed to be collaborative and collegial) and those railroaded into it by both parties will be held hostage by the criminal justice system (which is by definition adversarial.). ReplyDelete ...
The current legal status of assisted dying is inadequate and incoherent... The Commission on Assisted Dying The Commission on Assisted Dying was set up in September 2010 to consider whether the current
Why dont you investigate what is happening in Florida with Civil Commitment? Men are being deemed eligible for civil commitment trials after serving their time in prison even if the crime they were in for is not sex related but they have a sex offense in their past (some up to 30 yrs prior). Some are sent to trial even though they served their prison time with good behavior (no writeups), got their GEDs, and cleaned up their life. Florida uses the mental health issue and POSSIBLE future offending as an excuse for holding SOs longer. There is NO second chance. The evaluators are paid BY the state and never reccomend for release. They use the Static-99 which is skewed toward past offenses and not the offenders present state of mind.These guys dont even have to have a mental illness diagnosis as long as they fall into the Static-99 criteria because under the Jimmy Ryce Act the state assumes if you were unable to control yourself in the past you will POSSIBLY lose control again in the future. ...
Back in 2002, I had some ideas on July 31st and August 1st that led me to get into a pickup truck, and drive to Langley, Virginia, from my home in Philadelphia. Before leaving, I grabbed a glass pipe with a hunk of hashish in it and a poster of Albert Einstein with his tongue sticking out. A few hours later, after slowly driving past a large sign informing me that I was trespassing onto CIA property, I told the first federal police officer that I encountered, that I had driven there, in part, to identify myself as the person who had just registered the domain name: iamosamabinladen.com. I explained how I had lost my Internet connection at home earlier in the day, just seconds after registering the bin Laden domain. I was questioned by a few different federal officers over the next hour as I remained in my truck, and was eventually surrounded by four armed officers, with weapons at the ready-three on foot in front of me and on either side of me, and one atop a military humvee, behind me. After ...
risk assessment in civil commitment cases. Included is a discussion of factors predicting the selection of sexually violent predators for state civil commitment. This article offers recommendations for
Mind matters: What your shrink really thinks "Shrink Rap: Three Psychiatrists Explain Their Work," (Johns Hopkins University Press, $19.95) The HBO series "In Treatment" is between seasons, leaving a void for therapy voyeurs. Luckily, theres "Shrink Rap," in which three area psychiatrists dish about their field. The book is a spinoff of a blog that Dinah Miller, Annette Hanson and Steven Roy Daviss created five years ago; it later became the podcast "My Three Shrinks." The doctors, who are affiliated with such local institutions as Johns Hopkins Hospital and the University of Maryland, discuss psychiatric medications, involuntary hospitalizations and the business of psychiatry, among other topics, with compelling patient vignettes. Though the writing is more formal than their breezy, witty banter on the blog and podcast (bound to happen), its a fascinating peek into the minds of those who study minds.. - Rachel ...
A foreign nationals legal status at the time of a change, extension, or adjustment of status can influence the outcome of an immigration matter. An error in maintaining legal status may prevent the foreign national from receiving the desired immigration benefits. It is important to understand your current legal status and how it may determine your chances for change, extension, or adjustment of status.. Lawful Nonimmigrant Status. Foreign nationals in lawful nonimmigrant status possess an unexpired arrival/ departure form (I-94) issued by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) or U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). A valid I-94 by itself does not grant a valid status. Foreign nationals must also maintain lawful status by adhering to guidelines set by their visa classification. For example, H-1B visa holders must maintain employment with their petitioning employer during the period of I-94 validity. Failure to satisfy visa regulations will result in a loss of lawful ...
A foreign nationals legal status at the time of a change, extension, or adjustment of status can influence the outcome of an immigration matter. An error in maintaining legal status may prevent the foreign national from receiving the desired immigration benefits. It is important to understand your current legal status and how it may determine your chances for change, extension, or adjustment of status.. Lawful Nonimmigrant Status. Foreign nationals in lawful nonimmigrant status possess an unexpired arrival/ departure form (I-94) issued by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) or U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). A valid I-94 by itself does not grant a valid status. Foreign nationals must also maintain lawful status by adhering to guidelines set by their visa classification. For example, H-1B visa holders must maintain employment with their petitioning employer during the period of I-94 validity. Failure to satisfy visa regulations will result in a loss of lawful ...
Except I still experience many symptoms which would lead to the same diagnosis. I still experience delusions. Occasionally (very occasionally) they require me to take a mental health day, which is supported by both my workplaces. Voices are a constant for me, although the strategies developed by me with my support team do a good job of keeping them manageable, even positive at times. And I still experience paranoia. Creating a system of open and clear communication, knowing exactly where I stand in any given relationship or situation, has been huge in living positively when paranoia starts to scale negatively. I understand the logic behind basing care based around the degree of suffering an individual faces. But when you diagnose based on degrees of suffering or states of being you create positions of living which do nothing but terrify people. Schizophrenia cannot be diagnosed based on whether an individual has the capacity to function. It is only a term for a collection of symptoms. If you ...
Welcome to the QUAD provides a space for reflections on a HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE and INFORMATICS model with universal potential in terms of application and users. The model incorporates two axes: individual-group and humanistic-group and four care (knowledge) domains - Sciences, Interpersonal, Political and Social.
Facing involuntary commitment in a federal medical prison, ex-state Sen. Raphael J. Musto is continuing the legal battle to delay his fate.. Attorneys for Musto on Friday announced they would appeal a judges decision to place the ex-lawmaker in a federal treatment facility to determine if he could regain the mental capacity to appear in court.. While U.S. District Judge A. Richard Caputo earlier this month ruled Musto, 84, was not mentally competent to stand trial on public corruption charges, the judge said he believed Musto was physically fit to appear in court.. Despite the fact they got a judge to block Mustos trial, his attorneys say they are appealing Caputos ruling that Musto was physically able to stand trial. The two issues were argued and ruled upon separately during a recent competency hearing.. Mustos attorneys had repeatedly argued that the stress of a trial would kill Musto because of his ailing physical health, which include liver cirrhosis and an aortic aneurysm that could ...
People with mental illness were routinely imprisoned and only later put in primitive treatment facilities where many were subjected to barely tolerable hot- and cold-water baths, among other things. [...] the state ranks near the bottom when it comes to per-capita mental health spending. More disturbing, those with mental illness are too often demonized as a source of community violence even though they are far more likely to be victims than perpetrators. Schizophrenia is consistently overdiagnosed, while more manageable conditions such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder are often underrecognized or misdiagnosed - resulting in higher incidents of seclusion, use of restraints and involuntary commitment, and lower levels of support for patients and their families. Unfortunately, despite evidence to the contrary, too many people still believe that people struggling with mental health issues are to blame for them - that danger is rampant, recovery is rare and treatment is ineffectual. [..
The social work file on Smith inspected by the MWC lacked information about his psychiatric history, assessment issues, and an assault conviction in 1997 which led to him being detained under mental health legislation. There was also no written evidence of a new care assessment taking place before Smiths release in April 2003 ...
Lib Dem peer Baroness Barker said the Bill would turn the clock back 70 years in mental health legislation and was "unfit for purpose". A desire to change the law was largely driven by Michael Stones 1998 conviction for the … Continue reading →. ...
I am getting kinda down about the usually negative focus on people with mental illness. How about all the folks with mental illness who volunteer for stuff? Who take care of their elderly mother? and so on? I know you guys are writing a book about involuntary commitment and Clink is a forensic psychiatrist, so thats gonna lead to discussions of the negative stuff. But surely there are lots of people with serious mental illness out there who are wonderful, too, and interesting to write about (and not just artists. How many stories are out there about bipolar artists/musicians etc? Gag ...
MADISON State Sen. Neal Kedzie will participate in a study committee charged with developing legislation to clarify the care of Alzheimers and other dementia patients.. The Legislative Council Committee consists of legislators and private sector experts. The group has been asked to "develop legislation to clarify the statutes regarding guardianship, protective placement, involuntary commitment and involuntary treatment" of vulnerable adults with a dementia diagnosis.. "This is a growing concern as baby boomers head into that stage of life," said Kedzie, R-Elkhorn. "I think its a good idea that we look carefully at existing law, and we make sure state law is appropriate for the needs of those suffering from these diseases.". Kedzies interest and concern comes from experience.. "I shared power of attorney for my great aunt, who suffered from and eventually died of Alzheimers," he said. "I saw the progression of the disease.. "Its a very difficult thing to watch loved ones suffer with ...
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Notice shall be served on the individual by personal service of process not less than eight days prior to the date of the hearing and shall specify the nature of the charges against the individual; the facts underlying and supporting the application of involuntary commitment; the right to have counsel appointed; the right to consult with and be represented by counsel at every stage of the proceedings; and the time and place of the hearing. The notice to the individuals spouse, parents or parent or guardian, the individuals adult next of kin, or to the circuit court in the county of the individuals residence may be by personal service of process or by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, and shall state the time and place of the hearing ...
But did they? Take a look. The Pima College police chief, Stella Bay, told "The New York Times" the law could not initiate an involuntary mental evaluation of Loughner unless, she said -- quote -- "He posed an imminent danger. Thats the only way to do it," she said. Now, thats actually not true. And thats actually true in many states, but its actually not true in Arizona. Take a look. This is Arizonas law on involuntary commitment. It applies when someone is -- quote -- "a danger to self-or to others," as the campus police chief said, but she seems to be unaware of the rest, "is persistently or acutely disabled or is gravely disabled ...
On a beautiful summer day in 2008, the evening before what turned out to be the discharge date from my involuntary commitment to a mental hospital, my court-appointed attorney, Devin, came to the hospital to see me. At that point, I had been at the hospital for 3 weeks, with no idea of how long…
Psychiatrists are increasingly asked to see patients who have been either perpetrators or victims of violence. Common situations involving legal implications for the psychiatrist include evaluations for civil commitment, potential dangerousness, protecting third parties, and the release from the hospital of a previously violent individual....
House Bill 605, which provides workers compensation benefits to volunteer health professionals who are deployed by the Department of Health to respond to public health emergencies, is headed to Senate Judiciary Committee. The Senate Public Affairs Committee passed HB 605, sponsored by Rep. John Heaton, Tuesday. Senate Bill 399, a bill that would help the Department of Health protect health-care consumers in New Mexico when a facility consistently fails to meet state and federal standards of care, is headed to the House Appropriations and Finance Committee. The House Judiciary Committee passed Senate Bill 399, sponsored by Sen. John Grubesic, on Monday. The department contracts with a qualified company to temporarily manage a health-care facility when it continuously fails to provide quality care. Senate Bill 399 would prevent the management company from being sued for debt that was incurred before the department took over.. ...
Summary A BILL to be entitled an Act to amend Article 1 of Chapter 1 of Title 31 of the O.C.G.A., relating to general provisions relative to health, so as to prohibit patient brokering;to create a director of Substance Abuse, Addiction, and Related Disorders; to provide for appointment; to provide for qualifications; to establish the Commission on Substance Abuse and Recovery; to provide for membership; to provide for duties; to amend Chapter 1 of Title 33 of the O.C.G.A., relating to general provisions relative to insurance, so as to provide for a fraudulent insurance act for the excessive, high-tech, or fraudulent drug testing of certain individuals; to provide for investigation by the Commissioner; to provide for penalties; to provide for related matters; to repeal conflicting laws; and for other purposes.. ...
Two years after its bipartisan introduction, HR 1318 is now law. PLUS: Uterine transplantation from deceased donor results in livebirth. ALSO: Research has shown that route of delivery has an effect on the microbiome of newborns.
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EUCLID (Pôle Universitaire Euclide , Euclid University) is, like the European Central Bank, NATO or the African Union, an international intergovernmental organization (IGO).. It was established by treaty, under international law, in 2008. Its special status is indicated by the authorized use of the restricted ".int" domain.. EUCLID also holds a university charter as well as a specific mandate in the field of higher education and sustainable development. It belongs to the exclusive group of intergovernmental universities (see below) having that rare status under international law, the most famous of which being theUnited Nations University, the University for Peace, and the European University Institute.. ...
Institut Allergosan has launched the product in its domestic market, as well as Germany and Switzerland, and has designs on other markets.. "We have planned roll outs together with our local partners in Central Europe and Asia in the near future, and are looking for strong partners in other countries, such as the USA and Australia, to supply our probiotics world-wide soon," ​said Frauwallner.. In Austria and Germany, the products legal status is a food for special medical purposes, to be used for the dietary management of hepatic dysfunction.. The CEO said it was difficult to confirm its legal status in other markets as national regulations for foods for medical purposes vary from country to country.. The main distribution channel for OMNi-BiOTiC HETOX is pharmacies. The company said doctors and healthcare professionals already recommend and prescribe the product and that in some clinics, it is administered to patients with liver disease.. "It is our goal to make OMNi-BiOTiC HETOX ...
CA2656037A1 CA 2656037 CA2656037A CA2656037A1 CA 2656037 A1 CA2656037 A1 CA 2656037A1 CA 2656037 CA2656037 CA 2656037 CA 2656037 A CA2656037 A CA 2656037A CA 2656037 A1 CA2656037 A1 CA 2656037A1 Authority CA Canada Prior art keywords ink dye netpage c5 c1 Prior art date 2006-07-10 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal ...
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed ...
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed ...
In deference to SoMG, who cant abide when I simply let my readers draw their own conclusions: I really doubt that Arnettas sitting around in the afterlife, gloating that her abortion was legal. Shes just as dead as the woman whose abortion wasnt legal. And I doubt that the legal status of her abortion is any comfort to her family and friends. Though it is crystal clear that the legal status of her abortion was a great boon to the guy who did it, since he didnt get arrested for killing her ...
Any term defined in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 and not defined below shall have the meaning given it in the respective Acts. As used in this part: OSH Act means the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 ( 29 U.S.C. 651, et seq.). FMSH Act means the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 ( 30 U.S.C. 801, et seq.). Authorized representative of employees means any person or organization meeting the conditions specified in § 85.3-1(e) (1), (2), or (3). Employee has the same meaning as stated in the OSH Act and for the purposes of this part includes miner as defined in the FMSH Act. Employer has the same meaning as stated in the OSH Act and for the purposes of this part includes Operator as defined in the FMSH Act. Health hazard evaluation means the investigation and the determination of potentially toxic or hazardous effects of: (a) Any substance normally used or found in any place of employment to which the OSH Act is ...
Text of H.R. 5 (109th): Help Efficient, Accessible, Low-cost, Timely ... as of Jul 28, 2005 (Passed the House version). H.R. 5 (109th): Help Efficient, Accessible, Low-cost, Timely Healthcare (HEALTH) Act of 2005
LISTENING TO PATIENTS, FAMILIES Sheila Novak and her husband, Mark, struggled mightily to get their son the help he needed. It involved police calls, numerous visits to psychiatrists, attending National Alliance on Mental Illness support groups and two civil commitments - one of them approved by Timothy Novak himself. But they felt the mental health professionals gave up on their son when they discharged him from Regions Hospital in St. Paul three weeks before the slaying. Novak said that her son was prescribed medication for sleep and anxiety, but that his delusions about his grandfather were never fully addressed. One staffer "told him that all he needed was to get himself a good girlfriend," Sheila Novak recalled. So it may come as a big surprise that the Novaks are now an integral part of the new $36 million Regions mental health building under construction in St. Paul and scheduled to open in December. The eight-story building has 100 private rooms, open spaces and flexible visiting hours. ...
14.. Sensky, T., Hughes, T., and Hirsch, S. (1991). Compulsory psychiatric treatment in the community. A controlled study of compulsory community treatment with extended leave under the mental health act: special characteristics of patients treated and impact of treatment.British Journal of Psychiatry 158, 792-799.. ...
Background Previous studies show that among Black Caribbeans there is a higher prevalence of schizophrenia and higher levels of both voluntary and compulsory admissions. These suggest that Black Caribbean patients may find psychiatric services less appropriate to their needs. The aim ofthis study was to establish the satisfaction with mental...
The last piece of legislation President John F. Kennedy signed turns 50 this month: the Community Mental Health Act, which helped transform the way people with mental illness are treated and cared for in the United States.
Since 1863 Broadmoor Hospital has housed some of the most dangerous men and women in Britain, including Peter Sutcliffe, Ronnie Kray, and the Teenage Poisoner Graham Young. The Victorians were proud of Broadmoor, believing it to be a progressive innovation, intended for criminals deemed too insane to be held fully responsible for their actions. By the start of the 20th century the hospital was terribly overcrowded: and had become a secretive and scary place. In the 1970s, two nurses exposed practices including violent assaults on patients by staff and the punitive prescription of highly toxic drugs. There were questions asked in Parliament - and a new Mental Health Act resulted. Harvey Gordon, one of the worlds leading forensic psychiatrists, is the first Medical Director of Broadmoor to write its history. His inside story deals with the hospitals past and very different present, unflinching in its descriptions of Broadmoors darkest secrets - and the improvements their exposure led to.With case
Caryl is a 49 year old lady from Wales who worked as a nurse. She was diagnosed with Huntingtons Disease and was cared for in a specialist nursing home. Her needs could no longer be met within the nursing home, after she presented with increased agitation and aggression and she was detained under the Mental Health Act. Caryl was referred to St Peters Hospital. She presented as agitated and aggressive. There were multiple assaults on staff and she was nursed on 2:1 levels of support to manage the risk she posed to others. Caryl also refused to eat a healthy diet.. Caryl was assessed by the Multidisciplinary team at St Peters Hospital. Her psychiatrist carefully titrated her medication to alleviate anxiety and manage her impulsive and aggressive behaviours. The psychology team completed neuropsychological testing and behavioural analysis that led to the formulation of positive behaviour support plan. The Dietitian and Speech and Language Therapist, worked with Caryl to improve her dietary ...
Caring for people whose rights are restricted under the Mental Health Act, Dementia, Diagnostic and screening procedures, Eating disorders, Learning disabilities, Mental health conditions, Physical disabilities, Sensory impairments, Services for everyone, Substance misuse problems, Surgical procedures, Treatment of disease, disorder or injury, Caring for children (0 - 18yrs), Caring for adults under 65 yrs, Caring for adults over 65 yrs. ...
Assessment or medical treatment for persons detained under the 1983 Act, Caring for people whose rights are restricted under the Mental Health Act, Dementia, Mental health conditions, Treatment of disease, disorder or injury, Caring for children (0 - 18yrs), Caring for adults under 65 yrs, Caring for adults over 65 yrs. ...
Despite all this, she didnt come across as being clinically depressed. But there was overwhelming evidence that her anorexia was controlling her. If it continued, she might very soon, within a matter of days, reach a point at which her body would not be able to recover from the damage that had been done. We concurred that she was unable or unwilling to consider that her behaviour was placing her at grave risk, and that she was powerless to modify her behaviour or recognise the risks. As she undoubtedly had a mental disorder within the meaning of the Mental Health Act, and it was clear that the only way she was going to receive necessary care and treatment was through admission to hospital, we completed an application for her to be detained under the MHA ...
We have recently settled a case on behalf of a woman from Canterbury who had an ovarian tumour go undiagnosed for over 2 years following a failure to perform a simple ultrasound scan in January 2005.. Our client, an inpatient under the Mental Health Act, complained on a number of occasions to the treating staff of abdominal pain. An ultrasound scan was requested by the Consultant in charge. However, due to an error on the part of the treating doctors, that ultrasound scan was never performed.. Our client began to suffer with further abdominal pain and saw her GP in February 2007. She was referred for an ultrasound scan which showed a large tumour around the right ovary.. Following further investigation, our client underwent open surgery in April 2007 for removal of the tumour together with her right ovary.. Although our client underwent a more serious operation than she could have expected had the tumour been diagnosed sooner, which resulted in more scarring and the loss of her right ovary, her ...
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No claims found on our web pages or in print have been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. No claim or opinion on these pages are intended to be, nor should be construed to be, medical advice. Please consult with a healthcare professional before starting any diet or exercise program. Information about each product is taken from the labels of the products or from the manufacturers advertising material. Befit Health & Fitness, is not responsible for product claims made by manufacturers on this web site. Befit Health & Fitness, is not responsible for typographical errors. The above listed products are subject to availability due to changing legal status, and may be legal for export only. Prices and information on these pages are subject to change without notice. ...
No claims found on our web pages or in print have been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. No claim or opinion on these pages are intended to be, nor should be construed to be, medical advice. Please consult with a healthcare professional before starting any diet or exercise program. Information about each product is taken from the labels of the products or from the manufacturers advertising material. Befit Health & Fitness, is not responsible for product claims made by manufacturers on this web site. Befit Health & Fitness, is not responsible for typographical errors. The above listed products are subject to availability due to changing legal status, and may be legal for export only. Prices and information on these pages are subject to change without notice. ...
Introduction. Unit 10 A4 P4 Describe the legal and financial aspect that will affect your business start-up Legal aspects - Introduction There are many laws and regulations surrounding the conduct of a new business. All businesses will have similar legal responsibilities. For my business I choose the legal status to be sole-trader, because is the simplest and the cheapest form of business to set up. Advantages of being sole-trader: * The business can be easy to set up * Independence in decision making * Minimum of paper work * The sole trader may have flexible working hours * Knowing customers helps to avoid bad debts Disadvantages of being sole-trader * Unlimited liability means the owner is responsible for all debts * Long working hours * In case of illness the business is closed and makes no money * Difficult to rise capital for start up or to expand business The key legal aspect is liability, which means I as the owner of the business will have legal responsibility for the actions and the ...
U.S. authorities have arrested six people in Imperial County and charged them with fraudulently attempting to obtain temporary legal status for illegal aliens under the farm labor provisions of the
The designation employed and the presentation of this material do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries ...
What are the advantages and disadvantages to drug users of taking NPS rather than classical drugs?. Suman Rana: The obvious advantage to the users is their easy availability and avoidance of detection during a routine drug test since most drug testing programs do not include NPS in their testing profile. Even if programs mandated testing for NPS, there are a limited number of laboratories that have the capability to develop testing to detect the ever-changing chemicals. In addition, the legal status of many of these drugs makes NPS a favorable choice over classical drugs since there are no legal repercussions for using something that is not controlled.. Disadvantages of using NPS are mainly the toxicity associated with their use, and the lack of toxicity studies before their introduction in the market. In the absence of such data, users are literally playing with their lives since the harmful effects are not well known and/or understood. Another disadvantage is the lack of quality control in the ...
Presented here is advice for British physicians concerning the current legal status of testing for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Physicians are cautioned that they may be both civilly and criminally ...
Information about DOI including basics, effects, dosage, history, legal status, photos, research, media coverage, and links to other resources.
Information about BZP including basics, effects, dosage, history, legal status, photos, research, media coverage, and links to other resources.
See what we know about CBD oil as a potential treatment for lupus, what the side effects are, and what you need to know about the legal status.
This week, I had the dubious pleasure of attending the dentist. This appointment had been made on the back of a quick check-up a couple of weeks back, at which it was decided that certain repairs were necessary in order to maintain my hitherto unsullied state of dental excellence. I dont dislike the dentist as…
In time, the quantum factor will be discovered on this planet. When it is, it will be highly controversial, and its going to fly in the face of logic and 3D and the way things work via the scientific method. The ramp-up to all this is difficult. The old souls in front of me have signed on to work this new energy and theyve waded through lifetimes, just waiting for this. What would you do as a scientist if the experiments before you had "a mind of their own"? What would you think if magnetics, gravity and light could only be assembled in a certain way that created healing and never a destructive alignment? All this is going to redefine some of the basic forces in the Universe. Intelligent design is only the first, and even today many astronomers and physicists still think its an anomaly. ...
Subject: Freedom of Information request - Number of Eating Disorder patients under Section (Mental Health Act) 2013-2016 Auto forwarded by a Rule. Dear Northumberland, Tyne and Wear NHS Foundation Trust,. I trust you find my request well.. In accordance with the Freedom of Information Act, I would like to request the following information regarding your eating disorder inpatient services.. 1. The number of eating disorder patients in inpatient treatment under a section order (Mental Health Act) in the years 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. 2. The number of VOLUNTARY eating disorder patients in inpatient treatment in the years 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016.. 3. The number of discharged eating disorder inpatients under a section order (Mental Health Act) in the years 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. 4. The number of voluntary discharged eating disorder inpatients NOT under a section order in the years 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016.. Id appreciate if this data could relate to the patient numbers as they stand at the end ...
STATE OF OKLAHOMA Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Title 43A Mental Health Law November 1, 2010 thru October 31, 2011 This book is published by the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. It contains the unofficial text of Title 43A of the Oklahoma Statutes. Effort has been made to insure this text is the same as the official version. For additional copies of this publication contact ODMHSAS Resource Center Shepherd Mall - Suite 82 2401 NW 23rd Street Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73107 (405) 522-3810 or www.odmhsas.org This publication printed and issued by the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, as authorized by Terri White, Commissioner. Six hundred (600) copies have been prepared and distributed at an approximate cost of fifteen hundred dollars ($1500). Copies have been deposited with the Publications Clearinghouse of the Oklahoma Department of Libraries. TITLE 43A MENTAL HEALTH LAW SHORT TITLE, PURPOSE, DEFINITIONS, ...
STATE OF OKLAHOMA Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Title 43A Mental Health Law November 1, 2010 thru October 31, 2011 This book is published by the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. It contains the unofficial text of Title 43A of the Oklahoma Statutes. Effort has been made to insure this text is the same as the official version. For additional copies of this publication contact ODMHSAS Resource Center Shepherd Mall - Suite 82 2401 NW 23rd Street Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73107 (405) 522-3810 or www.odmhsas.org This publication printed and issued by the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, as authorized by Terri White, Commissioner. Six hundred (600) copies have been prepared and distributed at an approximate cost of fifteen hundred dollars ($1500). Copies have been deposited with the Publications Clearinghouse of the Oklahoma Department of Libraries. TITLE 43A MENTAL HEALTH LAW SHORT TITLE, PURPOSE, DEFINITIONS, ...
STATE OF OKLAHOMA Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Title 43A Mental Health Law November 1, 2010 thru October 31, 2011 This book is published by the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services. It contains the unofficial text of Title 43A of the Oklahoma Statutes. Effort has been made to insure this text is the same as the official version. For additional copies of this publication contact ODMHSAS Resource Center Shepherd Mall - Suite 82 2401 NW 23rd Street Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73107 (405) 522-3810 or www.odmhsas.org This publication printed and issued by the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, as authorized by Terri White, Commissioner. Six hundred (600) copies have been prepared and distributed at an approximate cost of fifteen hundred dollars ($1500). Copies have been deposited with the Publications Clearinghouse of the Oklahoma Department of Libraries. TITLE 43A MENTAL HEALTH LAW SHORT TITLE, PURPOSE, DEFINITIONS, ...
Dear East London NHS Foundation Trust,. I trust you find my request well.. In accordance with the Freedom of Information Act, I would like to request the following information regarding your eating disorder inpatient services.. 1. The number of eating disorder patients in inpatient treatment under a section order (Mental Health Act) in the years 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. 2. The number of VOLUNTARY eating disorder patients in inpatient treatment in the years 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016.. 3. The number of discharged eating disorder inpatients under a section order (Mental Health Act) in the years 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. 4. The number of voluntary discharged eating disorder inpatients NOT under a section order in the years 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016.. Id appreciate if this data could relate to the patient numbers as they stand at the end of each year (i.e number of patients in treatment in December 2013, 2014, e.t.c.).. I also request for the data to be separated year by year - i.e separate numbers ...
The Mental Health Law Committee focuses legal issues concerning mental illness and intellectual disabilities, ranging from civil rights, to access to medical care, to the plight of individuals coping with mental illness,
Emergency psychiatry is the clinical application of psychiatry in emergency settings. Conditions requiring psychiatric interventions may include attempted suicide, substance abuse, depression, psychosis, violence or other rapid changes in behavior. Psychiatric emergency services are rendered by professionals in the fields of medicine, nursing, psychology and social work. The demand for emergency psychiatric services has rapidly increased throughout the world since the 1960s, especially in urban areas. Care for patients in situations involving emergency psychiatry is complex. Individuals may arrive in psychiatric emergency service settings through their own voluntary request, a referral from another health professional, or through involuntary commitment. Care of patients requiring psychiatric intervention usually encompasses crisis stabilization of many serious and potentially life-threatening conditions which could include acute or chronic mental disorders or symptoms similar to those ...
In April, the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee voted unanimously to advance S. 2680, the Mental Health Reform Act of 2016. This fall, Congress will have the ability to bring this legislation to a floor vote and finally make meaningful improvements to the mental health care system. This legislation will strengthen federal coordination of mental health resources, increase reporting on mental health parity, advance integrated service delivery, support the mental health workforce, and increase early access to mental health services. Between Monday, August 29, and Friday, September 2, the National HCH Council is joining a coordinated advocacy campaign with many national advocacy groups to urge Senators to take up and pass S. 2680 ...
Objective : This is the first of three reports on a follow-up review of mental health care at Helen Joseph Hospital (HJH). In this first part, qualitative and quantitative descriptions were made of the services and of demographic and clinical data on acute mental health care users managed at HJH, in a retrospective review of clinical records over a four year period. Objectives for this review were to provide information on mental health care outcome, to do a cost analysis and to establish a quality assurance cycle that may facilitate a cost centre management approach. The operational areas identified were service delivery, teaching, and research. Activities within each area were in-patient care, out-patients and consultation / liaison, under- and postgraduate teaching and self initiated or contract research. Method : The study reviewed the existing mental health care program and activities in context of relevant policy and legislation. Results : Norms from a World Health Organization model for acute
Kallert, Thomas W.; Glöckner, Matthias; Onchev, Georgi; Raboch, Jiri; Karastergiou, Anastasia; Zahava, Solomon; Magliano, Lorenzo; Dembinskas, Algirdas; Kiejna, Andrzej; Nawka, Petr; Torres-González, Francisco; Priebe, Stefan; Kjellin, Lars (2005-10) ...
9] Whereas, by a letter dated April 18th, 1933, the Agent of the Norwegian Government, who is also Charg daffaires a. i. at The Hague, informed the Court that by a Royal Decree of April 7th, 1933, the said Government had revoked the Royal Proclamation of July 12th, 1932, whereby certain parts of South-Eastern Greenland had been declared subject to the sovereignty of Norway and that, in these circumstances, it withdrew the Application of July 18th, 1932, instituting proceedings in regard to the legal status of these territories ...
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In the ruling, the justices found that a "mental abnormality" like pedophilia was enough to meet a standard to qualify someone for commitment, not the different standard of "mental illness" that had been traditionally used. The court also rejected the notion that civil commitment amounted to double jeopardy (a second criminal punishment for a single crime) or an ex post facto law (a new punishment for a past crime), noting that Kansass statute was not meant to punish committed men but, like other acceptable civil commitment statutes, intended "both to incapacitate and to treat" them therapeutically. ...
Involuntary treatment (also referred to by proponents as assisted treatment and by critics as forced drugging) refers to medical treatment undertaken without the consent of whomever is treated. In almost all circumstances, involuntary treatment refers to psychiatric treatment administered despite an individuals objections. These are typically individuals who have been diagnosed with a mental disorder and are deemed by a court to be a danger to themselves or others. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, General comment No. 1 (2014) on Article 12: Equal recognition before the law, specifies that forced treatment, among other discriminatory practices must be abolished in order to ensure that full legal capacity is restored to persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others. In 1975, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in OConnor v. Donaldson that involuntary hospitalization and/or treatment violates an individuals civil rights. The individual must be exhibiting behavior ...
Helping a loved one who is experiencing a severe mental illness, especially someone who may not realize they are sick, is one of the greatest gifts you can give. For some, it may mean the difference between life and tragedy. ~ Treatment Advocacy Center ...
Helping a loved one who is experiencing a severe mental illness, especially someone who may not realize they are sick, is one of the greatest gifts you can give. For some, it may mean the difference between life and tragedy. ~ Treatment Advocacy Center ...
National mental health charity: information, services & a strong voice for everyone affected by mental illness - challenging attitudes and changing lives.
Forensic psychiatry (the interface of psychiatry and the law), forensic psychology, and mental health law are growing and evolving subspecialties in their respective larger disciplines. Topics included in these fields include a range as diverse as capital sentencing guidelines, informed consent, and standards of care for mental health treatment.
On 1 March 2012 the Human Tissue Act1 was repealed and the provisions in chapter 8 of the National Health Act2 (the Act) dealing with the control and use of blood, blood products, tissue and gametes in humans came into effect.3 On 2 March 2012 regulations4 were promulgated to incorporate certain provisions in the Human Tissue Act that were not included in the National Health Act. Some of the provisions of the latter and its regulations that doctors need to know about include: (i) tissue donation by living persons; (ii) organ transplantations into non-South African citizens and nonpermanent residents; (iii) donations of human bodies and tissue of deceased persons; (iv) consent to donations of human tissue on behalf of deceased persons; (v) allocation and use of human organs of deceased persons; (vi) revocations of donations; (vii) exclusive rights in donations; and (viii) confidentiality and publicity regarding donations.. Tissue donations by living persons. The Act does not state who may consent ...
Homeless, mentally ill, and three months pregnant, Tanya P. was arrested on New Years Day 1993 for trying to set fire to a shelter and for smoking crack. Police took her to the Bellevue Hospital psychiatric unit, where she voluntarily began in-house drug treatment and anti-psychotic medication. But a month before her baby was due, she demanded release. The hospital refused, under a city policy that allowed involuntary commitment for drug treatment during pregnancy. Represented by the New York Civil Liberties Union (NYCLU), Tanya sued, and persuaded Justice Glen to release her immediately. ...
The disturbing circumstances surrounding the enrollment and subsequent suicide of Dan Markingson (2004) after he was given an experimental antipsychotic drug, Seroquel, as a test subject in AstraZenecas CAFE trial--having been enrolled while he was hospitalized under an involuntary commitment order--are continuing to generate outrage and dismay. The case against AstraZenecas corrupt practices is well documented in courts of law and in civil and criminal settlements with the Department of Justice: Kickbacks to physicians, rigged clinical trials in which company officials cherry picked the data to be disclosed while burying unfavorable study findings, the companys use of smoke and mirrors to obscure Seroquels failed efficacy, AstraZenecas failure to warn that Seroquel can cause diabetes and other health problems, and its illegal off-label marketing of Seroquel ...
New figures from the NHS Information Centre show that the number of people held in detention under the Mental Health Act at 31st March 2011 increased by 5%, from 19,947 in 2009/10 to 20,938 in 2010/11. This is despite the number of formal admissions for treatment and new Community Treatment Orders having fallen since the [read the full story…]. ...
EDITOR-Eastmans editorial brought the debate about dangerousness and mental disorder to a wider audience.1 Unfortunately, he failed to point out that the preventive detention of those with untreatable mental disorders is already widely practised in England. Under the Mental Health Act (1983) people with mental illness or severe mental impairment can be detained indefinitely in hospital regardless of response to treatment and on grounds of risk to self as well as others. Secure and open psychiatric hospitals are full of such patients.. If Eastman was concerned that possible new legislation might challenge both the "civil liberties of the unconvicted and those designated untreatable" then surely this concern should extend to the current legislation affecting people with a mental illness or mental impairment. Many psychiatrists find it convenient to … ...
Downloadable! Using a straight-forward Differences-in-Differences approach, effects of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act and the 1986 and 1987 Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Acts on mortality levels in California are examined. These acts had the effect of legalizing and granting healthcare coverage to millions of previously illegal immigrants. Utilizing data on all IRCA applicants and all California deaths within this time period, I find evidence of substantial declines in mortality correlated with the size of the legalized cohort by county. If we assume, for purposes of a back of the envelope calculation, that after the reform IRCA applicants mortality rate is approximately equal to that of demographically similar California residents, this finding is consistent with IRCA applicants being subject to five to six times the mortality rate of California residents prior to the reform.
26. UNESCO (2016), Sustainable Tourism Strategy Cultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy, available at: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000260977 (Accessed 16 March 2020). H. Tiutiunnyk. AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO DETERMINING LAND USE RESERVES IN THE CONTEXT OF INCLUSIVE EXPERIENCE ECONOMY FORMATION Summary. The article substantiates the nature and content of the integrated approach in the economy of nature management through analytical review of scientific views on the integrated approach to the use of natural resources. It is substantiated that the methodology of integrated studies should include two large branches: the first - simultaneous monitoring of the existing state and development of the each criteria and then tracking their correlations with each other. The legal status of the reserve fund lands and institutional aspects were investigated. It has been determined that the assessment has a three-stage scale, ...
All products and brands are trademark of their respective companies. The information on this site does not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the owners or sponsors of Phen375vs.com The information is intended for educational purposes only and does not constitute professional, medical or healthcare advice or diagnosis, and may not be used as such. Reviews featured on this website are researched and written by independent reviewers that are paid for their opinion and views. The views and opinions are exclusively those of the writer. The information on this site is not reviewed by a medical professional, and is only to be used at your own risk. Always consult your doctor before using any supplements. ...
US2579452A US119558A US11955849A US2579452A US 2579452 A US2579452 A US 2579452A US 119558 A US119558 A US 119558A US 11955849 A US11955849 A US 11955849A US 2579452 A US2579452 A US 2579452A Authority US United States Prior art keywords iron boron bismuth carbon silicon Prior art date 1949-10-04 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal …. ...
Little of this understanding seems to inform our current discussion about Loughner, though. Instead, members of Congress are calling for laws that would ban bringing guns near members of Congress or regulating talk radio. Gun control measures will be proposed and die quietly, no doubt. But mental health care-long ignored as the province of neurotic yuppies taking to the couch to discuss their frigid mothers-is barely an afterthought. Yet of all the possible solutions to such mass violence, real mental health reform holds the most promise for saving lives by ensuring that people with brain diseases get the care they need before they seek out the always easily accessible American firearm.. Sometimes these tragedies do lead to change. In 1999, for instance, after serious advocacy by the family of a woman who was pushed in front of a subway by an untreated schizophrenic, New York State created a much stiffer mental health law to allow for violently mentally ill people to be court-ordered into ...
New Delhi: The Rajya Sabha on Monday passed the Mental Health Care Bill, 2013, seeking to decriminalize suicide attempts and strengthen the mental healthcare system in the country.. The Bill provides for protection and promotion of rights of persons with mental illness, offering better delivery of healthcare in institutions and in the community.. The Indian government in 2007 ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which required the laws of the country to align with the convention. To that effect, the Mental Health Care Bill, 2013, was first introduced in the Rajya Sabha to repeal the existing Mental Health Act, 1987.. Mental Health Care Bill, 2013, seeks to decriminalize acts of suicide by linking them to the state of mental health of the person attempting the act. According to the bill, a person who attempts suicide shall be presumed to be suffering from mental illness at that time and will not be punished under the Indian Penal Code (IPC). Section ...
Human Growth Hormone Legal Status Uk. Natural Growth Hormone - . uk Ad GH balance Free UK Returns on Eligible Orders Is HGH(Human Growth Hormone) Legal in the UK? The Legal Status - As per the United Kingdom law, HGH is currently categorized as class C substance. There are also legal substitute for HGH that you can buy HGH UK Supplies 5kits ships human growth hormone from the UK Buy HGH in the UK from 5 kits importing human growth hormone from overseas can land you in trouble with the law. HGH Human Growth Hormone legal status in the UK. Buy HGH in UK - Current Legal Status amp; Prices - Steroidly Where to buy HGH in the UK. What is the current legal status? Prices, brands, and suppliers. How to get legal growth hormones for sale online that work. Is Human Growth Hormone Legal in the UK? - Is Human Growth Hormone legal in the UK? Find out how you can build strength and muscle with HGH. Human growth hormone use rises, but is it legal? - Human growth hormone use rises, but is it legal? hormones, ...
2019 - Czech - Comparison of legal status and activities of the Czech and Slovak central banks This thesis describes and compares legal status and activities of two european banks, the National bank of Slovak republic (hereinafter "NBS"), which has became the member of euro area since 1. 1. 2009, and the Czech national bank (hereinafter "CNB"), which has not became the member of this monetary union. The aim of this thesis is to identify identical aspects and different elements in legal status of above mentioned banks and in activites they carry out. Hypothesis of this thesis says that CNB and NBS are very similar in the way of legal regulations but different in activities they carry out. Purpose is to verify this hypothesis and think about possible causes of these similarities and differences in legal status and activities of CNB and NBS. The first part of this thesis deals with the State bank of czechoslovakia which was form in 1950 and which operated in the area of ČSFR just before the ...
Dr. Cohen is an Associate Professor in both the Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences and the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Departments at the University of Virginia. He is board certified in both General Psychiatry and Forensic Psychiatry. He directs the Forensic Psychiatry Residency Training Program. He received his B.A. and M.D. from Johns Hopkins University, where he also completed his residency training in general psychiatry. He came to University of Virginia in 1993, where he completed a one-year fellowship in forensic psychiatry, and he joined the Institute Faculty in 1994. Dr. Cohen provides instruction in the full range of institute training activities, including lectures on forensic assessment in the criminal setting, topics in mental health law, assessment of civil competencies, and risk assessment for violence ...
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: 44 3 Mifepristone in Tunisia A Model for Expanding Access to Medication Abortion Angel M. Foster The legal status of abortion varies considerably across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). In Tunisia and Turkey, first trimester abortion is legal and provided by the public sector, whereas in Yemen and the United Arab Emirates, abortion is prohibited in almost all circumstances. Throughout the region unmet family planning needs, changing premarital sexual behaviors, contraceptive failure, and sexual violence place both married and unmarried women at significant risk of unintended pregnancy (Foster 2014; DeJong et al. 2005; Roudi-Fahimi 2003; Beamish 2001; Ross and Winfrey 2001). Consistent with the rest of the world, abortion rates in countries in the MENA region are not correlated with the legal status of abortion (Sedgh et al. 2012; Singh et al. 2012). In areas of the region where abortion is legally restricted or inaccessible, ...
Ladies and Gentlemen,. With great pleasure I invite you to II, this time International Congress of Forensic Psychiatry.. Last years interest in the Congress subject, which is a combination of scientific disciplines dealing with forensic psychiatry, has motivated us to extend the formula of meeting with foreign guests, with whom we will be able to share our experiences and continue to follow the message to learn from each other. Therefore, the Second Congress of Forensic Psychiatry is co-organized with one of the sections of the European Psychiatric Association.. Just like in the previous year I assure you that Forensic Psychiatry Congress is absolutely unique meeting. The second time we take the challenge to enable direct exchange of views and state of the art between representatives of judges, lawyers, prosecutors, solicitors, psychiatrists, psychologists and clerics - all of whose knowledge is necessary to meet the challenges of ruling and giving opinions on matters concerning mental health ...
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The Right to Arms in Nineteenth Century Colorado. 95 Denver University Law Review (forthcoming 2018).. The Federal Circuits Second Amendment Doctrines. 61 St. Louis University Law Journal 193 (2017). With Joseph G.S. Greenlee.. The First Century of Right to Arms Litigation. 14 Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy 127 (2016).. Lyman Trumbull: Author of the Thirteenth Amendment, Author of the Civil Rights Act, and the First Second Amendment Lawyer. 47 Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 1117 (2016).. Background Checks for Firearms Sales and Loans: Law, History, and Policy. 53 Harvard Journal on Legislation 303 (2016).. Book review of "This Nonviolent Stuffll Get You Killed: How Guns Made the Civil Rights Movement Possible." 35 Cato Journal 443 (2015).. Reforming Mental Health Law to Protect Public Safety and Help the Severely Mentally Ill. 58 Howard Law Journal 715 (2015). With Clayton Cramer.. The History of Firearms Magazines and of Magazine Prohibition. 78 Albany Law Review 849 (2015). ...
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The biased and ill formed arguments of cal thomas on the truth behind the root of all evil in the wo | Custom paper Academic...The biased and ill formed arguments of cal thomas on the truth behind the root of all evil in the wo | Custom paper Academic...

The biased and ill formed arguments of cal thomas on the truth behind the root of all evil in the wo Research paper Academic ... 1688 liberty interests of retarded and mentally ill: commitment and treatment 1690 [[page 1561 cal 1884) lam mow v fourteenth ... The biased and ill formed arguments of cal thomas on the truth behind the root of all evil in the wo Rated 3/5 based on 46 ... The biased and ill formed arguments of cal thomas on the truth behind the root of all evil in the wo. Register now online for ...
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The Flightless GeekThe Flightless Geek

That is why we have seen people with placards declaring that gay people are mentally ill and less than human. That is why we ... Why on earth would we want to stop a couple who love each other and who want to make a commitment to one and other from doing ... commitment, and fairness irrespective of gender. These are universal qualities that have no boundaries. ...
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Worries about FriendsWorries about Friends

Which is to say, if Im less worried, then Im mentally healthier. I tell myself, dont sweat the small stuff, and its all ... 10- Complete panic mode, very physically ill, crying uncontrollably, need help.. ... and that with the right counseling and commitment to working on it, these thoughts can be reduced. I am not convinced they can ...
more infohttp://firstdontpanic.com/category/fears-defined/worries-about-friends/

How Much Is a Lethal Dose of Seroquel? - healthsofaHow Much Is a Lethal Dose of Seroquel? - healthsofa

I have finally come to the conclusion that I am mentally ill like my son who had schizoeffective disorder. I dont have that ... You just got to make that commitment to yourself and keep moving ahead. Even if you only move a milifraction of a centimeter ... Having worked in a hospital for the mentally ill for 30 years you would think you would be smarter and more compassionate ...
more infohttp://healthsofa.com/101589/how-much-is-a-lethal-dose-of-seroquel?show=422060

Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality review by su3su2u1Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality review by su3su2u1

Another character Auri, a homeless girl who is that fantasy version of "mentally ill" that just makes people extra quirky, ... but I HAVE MADE A COMMITMENT- hopefully more HPMOR live blogging after Thanksgiving). ... In the short conversation that follows he mentally thinks of Ron as stupid several times and then he tries to explain to Ron ... Lets assume each water molecule turns into one "wood molecule" (wood is ill-defined on a molecular scale, its made up lots of ...
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The Criminals of Islam by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed, Books and Documents, By Shabbir Ahmed M.D., New Age IslamThe Criminals of Islam by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed, Books and Documents, By Shabbir Ahmed M.D., New Age Islam

"La Ilaha Ill Allah" in fact means, "There is no Imam but the Imam of the time" (Dr. Mukhia Zahid Ali, The Reality and the ... Please add the salutation SallAllah Alaihe Wasallam mentally while you read. Finally, the references will generally be in the ... Perhaps some scholars in the past were unable to address this matter due to other commitments. ... Hazrat Ali led Salat-il-Maghrib, but he was drunk and recited the Quran wrong (Abu Dawood in his collection of Hadith, Seerat- ...
more infohttp://newageislam.com/books-and-documents/The%20Criminals%20of%20Islam%20by%20Dr-Shabbir%20Ahmed/d/946

Why does homosexuality exist and what does it have to do with raisng childrenWhy does homosexuality exist and what does it have to do with raisng children

She claims a livelihood/profession is counseling the mentally ill. She killed her child. She has alleged to have aborted her ... the family is torn from its traditional and God-inspired balance of a mother and a father both giving of their commitment, love ... And the reason they shouldnt be raising kids is simple, they are openly mentally incompetent and perverse.. And how many gay ... And the reason they shouldnt be raising kids is simple, they are openly mentally incompetent and perverse.. If you dont ...
more infohttp://lifediscussions.org/view/?id=7250

Ind. scrambles to address ruling on mentally ill inmatesInd. scrambles to address ruling on mentally ill inmates

A federal judge considers Indianas treatment of mentally ill prisoners held at state prison segregation units and a ... Mental health care shortcomings in Indiana prisons are a reflection of a broader lack of commitment to provide adequate ... scrambles to address ruling on mentally ill inmates. INDIANAPOLIS - A federal judge considers Indianas treatment of mentally ... scrambles to address ruling on mentally ill inmates INDIANAPOLIS - A federal judge considers Indianas treatment of mentally ...
more infohttps://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/01/02/mental-illness-prisons/1804987/

Conservative Leaders Petition Texas Governor Against Execution of Severely Mentally Ill Death Row Inmate : US News : Latin PostConservative Leaders Petition Texas Governor Against Execution of Severely Mentally Ill Death Row Inmate : US News : Latin Post

Governor Rick Perry, asking him to commute the upcoming death sentence of a severely mentally ill inmate to a life sentence, if ... One involuntary commitment occurred after he brandished a sword and swung it at his wife and daughter, threatening to kill them ... Conservative Leaders Petition Texas Governor Against Execution of Severely Mentally Ill Death Row Inmate. ... Panetti is one of the most seriously mentally ill prisoners on Death Row in the United States," the coalition of conservatives ...
more infohttps://www.latinpost.com/articles/26879/20141201/conservative-leaders-petition-against-execution-of-severely-mentally-ill-texas-inmate.htm

Not Guilty By Reason Of Insanity Legal Definition | Merriam-Webster Law DictionaryNot Guilty By Reason Of Insanity Legal Definition | Merriam-Webster Law Dictionary

... compare guilty but mentally ill Note: A verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity usually results in the commitment of the ...
more infohttps://www.merriam-webster.com/legal/not%20guilty%20by%20reason%20of%20insanity

Legislative Memo: Civil Commitment of Sexual Offenders | New York Civil Liberties UnionLegislative Memo: Civil Commitment of Sexual Offenders | New York Civil Liberties Union

Second, the government can commit to locked mental-health facilities persons who are mentally ill and who present an imminent ... Legislative Memo: Civil Commitment of Sexual Offenders. June 12, 2018. Legislative Memo: Involuntary Commitment. June 12, 2018 ... Indeed, the Kansas statute goes so far as to authorize the commitment of persons who have been only charged with -- not even ... Under the Kansas statute approved by the Supreme Court, however, you can be innocent and mentally competent and still be ...
more infohttps://www.nyclu.org/en/legislation/legislative-memo-civil-commitment-sexual-offenders

Minnesota Legislature - Office of the Revisor of StatutesMinnesota Legislature - Office of the Revisor of Statutes

... due to commitment resulting from a judicial determination that the person is mentally ill, developmentally disabled, mentally ... iv) has been judicially committed to a treatment facility in Minnesota or elsewhere as a person who is mentally ill, ... or mentally ill and dangerous to the public, as defined in section 253B.02, to a treatment facility, or who has ever been found ... developmentally disabled, or mentally ill and dangerous to the public, as defined in section 253B.02; ...
more infohttps://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/2014/cite/624.713/subd/624.713.1

Civil Commitments | Itasca County, MNCivil Commitments | Itasca County, MN

The County Attorney reviews and files petitions for commitment and takes part in the court process for six main types of ... Mentally Ill persons (MI). Persons that are mentally ill and as a result, pose a danger to themselves or others.. ... Persons Mentally Ill and Dangerous to the Public (MI&D). Persons that are mentally ill and as a result, have caused or intended ... Civil Commitments Role. The County Attorney handles matters occurring under the Minnesota Commitment and Treatment Act that ...
more infohttps://www.co.itasca.mn.us/173/Civil-Commitments

Framingham LawyersFramingham Lawyers

... providing legal representation to the mentally ill and their families for treatment issues and matters including commitment, ...
more infohttp://www.framingham.com/info/attorneys/index.htm

1968 Opinions1968 Opinions

... for release from commitment from the State Hospital in Fulton when the petition is filed by one found to be mentally ill by the ... The order of commitment of a delinquent juvenile must be made in accordance with jurisdiction conferred by the legislature. ... Such an order seeking to limit the period of commitment to the time when the child committed reaches eighteen years of age is ... invalid and cannot be applied because the controlling statutes require that all such commitments be for an indeterminate period ...
more infohttp://ago.mo.gov/other-resources/ag-opinions/opinions-1960---1969/1968-opinions

Corrections.com - The Largest Online Community for Corrections: Jails and Prisons.  Jobs.Corrections.com - The Largest Online Community for Corrections: Jails and Prisons. Jobs.

... mentally ill or socially maladjusted persons. ... Commitment to high ethical standards. *Ability to analyze ... Demonstrate awareness of the social structures and barriers our diverse population experience, and the commitment to create a ...
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Letters: SB 827 is not the answer - by m reyes - March 14, 2018 - The San Francisco ExaminerLetters: SB 827 is not the answer - by m reyes - March 14, 2018 - The San Francisco Examiner

The media is deceptively portraying the homeless as nothing but alcoholics, drug addicts and mentally ill. However, the truth ... Despite the constitutional protections against such abuse of police power, the legal procedures for civil commitment, ... under the guise of protecting the public from the purportedly mentally ill. ...
more infohttp://www.sfexaminer.com/letters-sb-827-not-answer/

Maker & Marketer: An Interview With Caitlin Hamilton Summie - The MillionsMaker & Marketer: An Interview With Caitlin Hamilton Summie - The Millions

Zorys beloved grandmother was mentally ill, he tells Lela, but she seemed normal to him. Perhaps because of this, he has ... Although its always possible, of course, that the universe will require her to test her commitment to her mission by killing ... He is il gattopardo-regal in the hot sun, dignified, elegant, weary, solitary. Wise to threats but unmoved, a creature of both ... Ones love for Il Gattopardo is nothing if not a love for Don Fabrizio, a lusty middle-aged nobleman, the last of his kind at a ...
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Ann Coulter: Ending gun violence requires commitment, not all of it voluntary - Opinion - The St. Augustine Record - St....Ann Coulter: Ending gun violence requires commitment, not all of it voluntary - Opinion - The St. Augustine Record - St....

The bad news is that they also have no intention of passing any legislation about the mentally ill, which would actually do ... The bad news is that they also have no intention of passing any legislation about the mentally ill, which would actually do ... In the late 1980s, New York City Mayor Ed Koch tried to institutionalize Joyce Brown, a mentally ill heroin addict living on ... Your guns will be safe, but your children wont, because well still have the mentally ill showing up at movie theaters, subway ...
more infohttps://www.staugustine.com/opinions/2013-01-27/ann-coulter-ending-gun-violence-requires-commitment-not-all-it-voluntary

NROTC Units Participate in Mardi Gras Drill Meet | Military.comNROTC Units Participate in Mardi Gras Drill Meet | Military.com

Midshipman 3rd Class John Fridley, a sophomore from the University of Illinois unit, is no stranger to big drill events, being ... Throughout the month, military families are honored and recognized for their commitment and contributions in support of our ... was established to develop midshipmen mentally, morally and physically and to imbue them with the highest ideals of duty, and ... The NROTC program, overseen by Naval Service Training Command (NSTC) at Naval Station Great Lakes, Ill., ...
more infohttps://www.military.com/daily-news/2013/02/13/nrotc-units-participate-in-mardi-gras-drill-meet.html

Nicholas Stix, Uncensored: April 2013Nicholas Stix, Uncensored: April 2013

... "guilty but mentally ill" over Cookes explicit objections.. Cooke maintains he is neither guilty nor mentally ill.. The process ... Because of the lengthy time commitment, nearly 60 potential jurors were excused Monday.. Cooke, dressed in a white prison ... but mentally ill. Cooke, who denied he was mentally ill, was banished from the courtroom after frequent outbursts, including ...
more infohttp://nicholasstixuncensored.blogspot.com/2013/04/

Celebrity Guests - RLTVCelebrity Guests - RLTV

One of the countrys foremost advocates for the mentally ill, she is the national spokesperson for the American Foundation for ... For her involvement with organizations combining mental illness and her commitment to creating public awareness and ... her an Emmy nomination for Best Actress and numerous international awards including Germanys Bambi Award and Italys Il Gato ...
more infohttp://www.rl.tv/shows/good-food-good-deeds/about/celebrity-guests/

Arnold Ahlert: Deep State vs. Free State - The Patriot PostArnold Ahlert: Deep State vs. Free State - The Patriot Post

... "is mentally ill and must be removed," reveals the raw hatred and overwhelming hypocrisy of people whose professed commitment to ...
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NAMI mommiesNAMI mommies

The Commitment Hour: Assisted Outpatient Suicide for the Seriously Mentally Ill. Posted on February 13th, 2012 ... Assisted Outpatient Suicide for the Seriously Mentally Ill. *Dr zoobia ramzan on Locate your mentally ill loved ones anytime, ... michael on The Commitment Hour: Assisted Outpatient Suicide for the Seriously Mentally Ill ... Here at NamiDearest, we want to be sure you know how to have your mentally ill loved one arrested and incarcerated in a ...
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  • One of the country's foremost advocates for the mentally ill, she is the national spokesperson for the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, which honored her with its Humanitarian Award for her outstanding work in the field of suicide prevention and research. (rl.tv)
  • Mayor Mark Farrell's proposal is a dangerously deceptive tactic to frighten and manipulate the people into accepting the loss of their right of substantive due process, under the Fourteenth Amendment, under the guise of protecting the public from the purportedly mentally ill. (sfexaminer.com)
  • For her involvement with organizations combining mental illness and her commitment to creating public awareness and understanding about this illness, Hartley was honored by the Southern California Counseling Center, and received the PSYCHE Award from the L.A. County Psychological Association. (rl.tv)
  • Over a dozen national leaders of the conservative movement have come together to script and sign a letter to Texas Governor Rick Perry, asking him to commute the upcoming death sentence of a severely mentally ill inmate to a life sentence, if agreed upon by the State Board of Pardons and Paroles. (latinpost.com)
  • Give real meaning to your life (and death) by cashing in your mentally ill brain to the E. Fuller Torrey Brain Trust. (namidearest.com)
  • Throughout the month, military families are honored and recognized for their commitment and contributions in support of our military and nation. (military.com)
  • The bad news is that they also have no intention of passing any legislation about the mentally ill, which would actually do something to reduce these mass shootings. (staugustine.com)