A plant genus of the family COMMELINACEAE of perennial herbs with blue flowers.
A genus of DNA plant viruses with bacilliform morphology. Transmission in clonally-propagated plants is by vegetative propagation of infected plant materials. Transmission in nature is by mealybugs, seeds, and pollen. The type species is Commelina yellow mottle virus.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that contains PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS. Yellow vein disease of Ageratum is caused by a viral DNA complex of a begomovirus (GEMINIVIRIDAE).
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The class of true jellyfish, in the phylum CNIDARIA. They are mostly free-swimming marine organisms that go through five stages in their life cycle and exhibit two body forms: polyp and medusa.
A plant genus of the family COMMELINACEAE that is used in genotoxic bioassays.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
Tendency of fluids (e.g., water) to move from the less concentrated to the more concentrated side of a semipermeable membrane.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members of this genus can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS.
A family of fused-ring hydrocarbons isolated from coal tar that act as intermediates in various chemical reactions and are used in the production of coumarone-indene resins.
The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.
Those components of an organism that determine its capacity to cause disease but are not required for its viability per se. Two classes have been characterized: TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL and surface adhesion molecules that effect the ability of the microorganism to invade and colonize a host. (From Davis et al., Microbiology, 4th ed. p486)
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.

Cell wall arabinan is essential for guard cell function. (1/12)

Stomatal guard cells play a key role in the ability of plants to survive on dry land, because their movements regulate the exchange of gases and water vapor between the external environment and the interior of the plant. The walls of these cells are exceptionally strong and must undergo large and reversible deformation during stomatal opening and closing. The molecular basis of the unique strength and flexibility of guard cell walls is unknown. We show that degradation of cell wall arabinan prevents either stomatal opening or closing. This locking of guard cell wall movements can be reversed if homogalacturonan is subsequently removed from the wall. We suggest that arabinans maintain flexibility in the cell wall by preventing homogalacturonan polymers from forming tight associations.  (+info)

The effects of manipulating phospholipase C on guard cell ABA-signalling. (2/12)

Studies using stably transformed tobacco plants containing very low levels of PI-PLC in their guard cells show that this enzyme plays a role in the events associated with the inhibition of stomatal opening by ABA, but not in the cellular reactions that are responsible for ABA-induced stomatal closure. However, Commelina communis guard cells microinjected with the InsP3 antagonist, heparin, fail to close on addition of ABA. There are three possible explanations for this apparent data mismatch. The differences may be indicative of species-specific signalling pathways, the presence of a PI-PLC isoform(s) that is not down-regulated in these transgenic lines and/or they may reflect differences between short-term (acute) administration of an inhibitor and long-term (chronic) effects of gene manipulation. It is possible that the guard cell is a robust signalling system that is able to adapt or compensate for the chronic loss of PI-PLC, but which is unable to adjust quickly to acute loss of this component. It would be interesting to investigate this possibility further using either transient manipulation of gene expression or through the use of an inducible promoter.  (+info)

Comparative structure and pollen production of the stamens and pollinator-deceptive staminodes of Commelina coelestis and C. dianthifolia (Commelinaceae). (3/12)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Flowers of Commelina coelestis and C. dianthifolia provide pollen alone as a floral reward, and rely on visual cues to attract pollinators. Three stamen types, all producing pollen, occur in each of these species: two cryptically coloured lateral stamens, a single cryptically coloured central stamen and three bright yellow staminodes that sharply contrast with the blue to purple corolla. The objective was to compare the stamen structure and pollen characteristics of each of the three stamen types, and to test the hypothesis that the staminodes are poor contributors of viable pollen for the siring of seed. The pollination roles of the three stamen types and the breeding systems of both species were also explored. METHODS: Light, fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy were utilized to examine stamen morphology and pollen structure and viability. Controlled hand pollinations were used to explore the breeding system of each species. Filament and style lengths were measured to investigate herkogamy and autogamy. KEY RESULTS: Pollen from all stamen morphs is viable, but staminode pollen has significantly lower viability. Pollen polymorphism exists both (a) between the lateral and central stamens and the staminodes, and (b) within each anther. Lateral and central stamens have thicker endothecia with a greater number of secondary cell wall thickenings than the staminodes. CONCLUSIONS: Both species are entomophilous and facultatively autogamous. Lateral stamen pollen is important for cross-pollination, central stamen pollen is utilized by both species as a pollinator reward and for delayed autogamy in C. dianthifolia, and the staminodes mimic, by means of both colour and epidermal features, large amounts of pollen to attract insects to the flowers. Pollen from all three anther morphs is capable of siring seed, although staminode pollen is inferior. The thin staminode endothecium with fewer secondary thickenings retards staminode dehiscence.  (+info)

Lateral diffusion of CO2 in leaves is not sufficient to support photosynthesis. (4/12)

Lateral diffusion of CO(2) was investigated in photosynthesizing leaves with different anatomy by gas exchange and chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging using grease to block stomata. When one-half of the leaf surface of the heterobaric species Helianthus annuus was covered by 4-mm-diameter patches of grease, the response of net CO(2) assimilation rate (A) to intercellular CO(2) concentration (C(i)) indicated that higher ambient CO(2) concentrations (C(a)) caused only limited lateral diffusion into the greased areas. When single 4-mm patches were applied to leaves of heterobaric Phaseolus vulgaris and homobaric Commelina communis, chlorophyll a fluorescence images showed dramatic declines in the quantum efficiency of photosystem II electron transport (measured as F(q)'/F(m)') across the patch, demonstrating that lateral CO(2) diffusion could not support A. The F(q)'/F(m)' values were used to compute images of C(i) across patches, and their dependence on C(a) was assessed. At high C(a), the patch effect was less in C. communis than P. vulgaris. A finite-volume porous-medium model for assimilation rate and lateral CO(2) diffusion was developed to analyze the patch images. The model estimated that the effective lateral CO(2) diffusion coefficients inside C. communis and P. vulgaris leaves were 22% and 12% of that for free air, respectively. We conclude that, in the light, lateral CO(2) diffusion cannot support appreciable photosynthesis over distances of more than approximately 0.3 mm in normal leaves, irrespective of the presence or absence of bundle sheath extensions, because of the CO(2) assimilation by cells along the diffusion pathway.  (+info)

Species-dependent changes in stomatal sensitivity to abscisic acid mediated by external pH. (5/12)

The direct effects of pH changes and/or abscisic acid (ABA) on stomatal aperture were examined in epidermal strips of Commelina communis L. and Arabidopsis thaliana. Stomata were initially opened at pH 7 or pH 5. The stomatal closure induced by changes in external pH and/or ABA (10 microM or 10 nM) was monitored using video microscopy and quantified in terms of changes in stomatal area using image analysis software. Measurements of aperture area enabled stomatal responses and, in particular, small changes in stomatal area to be quantified reliably. Both plant species exhibited a biphasic closure response to ABA: an initial phase of rapid stomatal closure, followed by a second, more prolonged, phase during which stomata closure proceeded at a slower rate. Changes in stomatal sensitivity to ABA were also observed. Comparison of these effects between C. communis and A. thaliana demonstrate that this differential sensitivity of stomata to ABA is species-dependent, as well as being dependent on the pH of the extracellular environment.  (+info)

Osmotic effects on vacuolar ion release in guard cells. (6/12)

Tracer flux experiments in isolated guard cells of Commelina communis L. suggest that the vacuolar ion content is regulated and is reset to a reduced fixed point by abscisic acid (ABA) with no significant change in cytoplasmic content. The effects of changes in external osmotic pressure were investigated by adding and removing mannitol from the bathing solution. Two effects were distinguished. In the new steady state of volume and turgor, the vacuolar ion efflux was sensitive to turgor: efflux increased at high turgor and reduced at lower turgor after the addition of mannitol. These changes were inhibited by phenylarsine oxide and are likely to involve the same channel that is involved in the response to ABA. After a hypoosmotic transfer, there was an additional effect: a fast transient stimulation of vacuolar efflux during the period of water flow into the cell; the size of this hypopeak increased with the size of the hypoosmotic shock, with increased water flow. No corresponding transient in reduced vacuolar efflux was observed upon hyperosmotic transfer. The fast hypopeak was not inhibited by phenylarsine oxide and appears to involve a different ion channel from that involved in the resting efflux, the response to ABA, or the turgor sensitivity. Thus, the tonoplast can sense an osmotic gradient and respond to water flow into the vacuole by increased vacuolar ion efflux, thereby minimizing cytoplasmic dilution. An aquaporin is the most likely sensor and may also be involved in the signal transduction chain.  (+info)

Modification of leaf apoplastic pH in relation to stomatal sensitivity to root-sourced abscisic acid signals. (7/12)

The confocal microscope was used to determine the pH of the leaf apoplast and the pH of microvolumes of xylem sap. We quantified variation in leaf apoplast and sap pH in relation to changes in edaphic and atmospheric conditions that impacted on stomatal sensitivity to a root-sourced abscisic acid signal. Several plant species showed significant changes in the pH of both xylem sap and the apoplast of the shoot in response to environmental perturbation. Xylem sap leaving the root was generally more acidic than sap in the midrib and the apoplast of the leaf. Increasing the transpiration rate of both intact plants and detached plant parts resulted in more acidic leaf apoplast pHs. Experiments with inhibitors suggested that protons are removed from xylem sap as it moves up the plant, thereby alkalinizing the sap. The more rapid the transpiration rate and the shorter the time that the sap resided in the xylem/apoplastic pathway, the smaller the impact of proton removal on sap pH. Sap pH of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and Commelina communis did not change significantly as soil dried, while pH of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) sap increased as water availability in the soil declined. Increasing the availability of nitrate to roots also significantly alkalinized the xylem sap of tomato plants. This nitrogen treatment had the effect of enhancing the sensitivity of the stomatal response to soil drying. These responses were interpreted as an effect of nitrate addition on sap pH and closure of stomata via an abscisic acid-based mechanism.  (+info)

Structure of commelinin, a blue complex pigment from the blue flowers of Commelina communis. (8/12)

The X-ray crystal structure of natural commelinin is investigated. The results demonstrate that commelinin is a tetranuclear (4 Mg(2+)) metal complex, in which two Mg(2+) ions chelate to six anthocyanin molecules, while the other two Mg(2+) ions bind to six flavone molecules, stabilizing the commelinin complex, a new type of supramolecular complex.  (+info)

This investigation looks at the function of stomata in transpiration, with a focus on how osmosis and the state of turgor in guard cells affects the opening and closing of stomata. It will also develop students microscope skills.
We previously reported that coronatine, a virulence factor of plant bacteria, facilitates bacterial infection through an ER (endoplasmic reticulum)-mediated, non-canonical mechanism in the model dicot plant, Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we report that this same ER-mechanism is ubiquitous among dicots and mono Celebrating Excellence in Research: 100 Women of Chemistry
The leaves are used as an edible vegetable. The leaves were used by early non-indigenous colonists to alleviate scurvy, and hence its common name.[9] Attractive in flower, Commelina cyanea adapts readily to cultivation and can be grown as a groundcover or in hanging baskets. It is easily propagated from cuttings.[10] It does resemble the introduced weed wandering Jew (Tradescantia fluminensis), but the latter has white flowers and a segmented stem, a weak root system. It also lacks the hairy leaf sheathes of C. cyanea.[11] However, C. cyanea can itself be weedy in gardens at times.[12] ...
The effects of added abscisic acid (ABA) on the stomatal behavior of Commelina communis L. were tested using three different systems. ABA was applied to isolated epidermis or to leaf pieces incubated in the light in bathing solutions perfused with CO2-free air. ABA was also fed to detached leaves in a transpiration bioassay. The apparent sensitivity of stomata to ABA was highly dependent on the method used to feed ABA. Stomata of isolated epidermis were apparently most sensitive to ABA, such that a concentration of 1 [mu]M caused almost complete stomatal closure. When pieces of whole leaves were floated on solutions of ABA of the same concentration, the stomata were almost completely open. The same concentration of ABA fed through the midrib of transpiring detached leaves caused an intermediate response. These differences in stomatal sensitivity to added ABA were found to be a function of differences in the ABA concentration in the epidermes. Comparison of the three application systems suggested ...
Guard cells of stomata are characterized by ordered bundles of microtubules radiating from the ventral side toward the dorsal side of the cylindrical cell. It was suggested that microtubules play a role in directing the radial arrangement of the cellulose micro-fibrils of guard cells. However, the role of microtubules in daily cycles of opening and closing of stomata is not clear. The organization of microtubules in guard cells of Commelina communis leaves was studied by analysis of three-dimensional immunofluorescent images. It was found that while guard cell microtubules in the epidermis of leaves incubated in the light were organized in parallel, straight and dense bundles, in the dark they were less straight and oriented randomly near the stomatal pore. The effect of blue and red light on the organization of guard cell microtubules resembled the effects of white light and dark respectively. When stomata were induced to open in the dark with fusicoccin, microtubules remained in the dark ...
Ca2+ is implicated as a second messenger in the response of stomata to a range of stimuli. However, the mechanism by which stimulus-induced increases in guard cell cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) are transduced into different physiological responses remains to be explained. Oscillations in [Ca2+]i may provide one way in which this can occur. We used photometric and imaging techniques to examine this hypothesis in guard cells of Commelina communis. External Ca2+ ([Ca2+]e), which causes an increase in [Ca2+]i, was used as a closing stimulus. The total increase in [Ca2+]i was directly related to the concentration of [Ca2+]e, both of which correlated closely with the degree of stomatal closure. Increases were oscillatory in nature, with the pattern of the oscillations dependent on the concentration of [Ca2+]e. At 0.1 mM, [Ca2+]e induced symmetrical oscillations. In contrast, 1.0 mM [Ca2+]e induced asymmetric oscillations. Oscillations were stimulus dependent and modulated by changing [Ca2+]e. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Synergistic effect of light and fusicoccin on stomatal opening. T2 - Epidermal peel and patch clamp experiments. AU - Assmann, Sarah M.. AU - Schwartz, Amnon. PY - 1992/1/1. Y1 - 1992/1/1. N2 - Upon incubation of epidermal peels of Commelina communis in 1 millimolar KCl, a synergistic effect of light and low fusicoccin (FC) concentrations on stomatal opening is observed. In 1 millimolar KCl, stomata remain closed even in the light. However, addition of 0.1 micromolar FC results in opening up to 12 micrometers. The same FC concentration stimulates less than 5 micrometers of opening in darkness. The synergistic effect (a) decreases with increasing FC or KCl concentrations; (b) is dark-reversible; (c) like stomatal opening in high KCl concentrations (120 millimolar) is partially inhibited by the K+ channel blocker, tetraethylammonium+ (20 millimolar). In whole-cell patch-clamp experiments with guard cell protoplasts of Vicia faba, FC (1 or 10 micromolar) stimulates an increase in ...
The receptor for the wilt-inducing phytotoxin fusicoccin was purified to homogeneity from plasma membranes of Commelina communis as a complex with the radioligand [3H]9-nor-8-hydroxyfusicoccin. The preparation consisted of two polypeptides with apparent molecular masses of 30.5 kDa and 31.5 kDa an …
Weed control in smallholder farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa is labour intensive or costly. Many researchers have therefore advocated for the use of cover crops in weed management as an affordable alternative for smallholders. Cover crops may be grown in rotations to suppress weeds and reduce the reliance on herbicides. The use of cover crops creates microenvironments that are either conducive or inhibitive to the emergence of certain weed species. A study, initiated in 2008 in contrasting soils at four different locations of Zimbabwe, investigated the effect of maize (Zea mays L.)-cover crop rotations on the emergence of weeds that showed dominance in those soils. Weed assessments were however, carried out from 2011 to 2014. The weed species Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Commelina benghalensis L., and Richardia scabra L. showed dominance in all four locations with weed densities as high as 500 plants m−2 being recorded for R. scabra L. in a sandy soil. Maize-cover crop rotations resulted in ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Description of plant communities. The study area is mostly open grassland, with scattered fynbos communities either on rocky outcrops, on the summit plateau area or concentrated on the steep slopes and cliffs of Platberg on the sandstone of the Clarens formation. Little disturbance from grazing is evident, with no record of agricultural practice on the plateau of Platberg. There are some clusters and scattered individuals of the declared alien invasive tree species Pinus patula (species group E), having escaped from plantations established at lower altitudes and now being firmly ensconced on the footslopes and scattered on the summit plateau area.. The sclerophyllous vegetation is characterised by Passerina montana (species group M, Table 1), Cliffortia ramosissima (species group F, Table 1) and Cliffortia nitidula (species group P, Table 1). Common species throughout the study area include the forbs Hebenstretia dura, Watsonia lepida, Commelina africana, Oxalis obliquifolia, Senecio ...
Description of plant communities. The study area is mostly open grassland, with scattered fynbos communities either on rocky outcrops, on the summit plateau area or concentrated on the steep slopes and cliffs of Platberg on the sandstone of the Clarens formation. Little disturbance from grazing is evident, with no record of agricultural practice on the plateau of Platberg. There are some clusters and scattered individuals of the declared alien invasive tree species Pinus patula (species group E), having escaped from plantations established at lower altitudes and now being firmly ensconced on the footslopes and scattered on the summit plateau area.. The sclerophyllous vegetation is characterised by Passerina montana (species group M, Table 1), Cliffortia ramosissima (species group F, Table 1) and Cliffortia nitidula (species group P, Table 1). Common species throughout the study area include the forbs Hebenstretia dura, Watsonia lepida, Commelina africana, Oxalis obliquifolia, Senecio ...
The serpentine leaf miner is the larva of a fly, Liriomyza brassicae, in the family Agromyzidae, the leaf miner flies. It mines wild and cultivated plants, such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and Chinese broccoli. It is distributed in the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas. The life cycle of the fly is up to 21 days. It lays eggs in the leaf epidermis of host plants. Larvae hatch within four days. They are yellow or green and have three instars. It emerges from the pupa as an adult, a gray fly with black and yellow spots. The American serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii) is a closely related species, and Liriomyza huidobrensis is also known as the serpentine leafminer. Another member of the genus, Liriomyza commelinae occurs widely in the neotropics and pupates within the mine. It feeds mainly on plants within the genus Commelina. Species Liriomyza brassicae - Serpentine leaf miner. BugGuide. Retrieved 9 July 2017. Liriomyza brassicae (Riley). Crop Knowledge Master. University of ...
Alum root - He prepares a mush from its leaves and uses it as an astringent. He also mixes it with apoplappus and applies it with the aid of a heated stone to an aching tooth.. Amaranthus - For the relief of itching.. Apoplappus (Goldenweeds ) -See Alum root.. Artemisia - For skin wounds, boils, and burns.. Atriplex - To stop itching and cure warts.. Barberry - A tonic for stiff joints.. Brickellia - For colds, flu, coughs, and tuberculosis.. Butterweeds - To relieve rheumatism, which he ascribes to improper contact with menstruating women. Women develop joint trouble because of menstruation. The Navajo word for menstruation, rheumatism, and hunchback is the same, with only a slight difference in accent.. Blue-eyed grass, aster, silkweed - In pulverized form to cure eye sores.. Buttercup and Cordylanthus ramosus - The powder is taken with water every morning for syphilis.. Chenopoduim (Pigweed ) - Used for purging.. Cirisium - Infusion drops for eye diseases.. Commelina - Aphrodisiac for ...
The mechanisms of stomatal sensitivity to CO2 are yet to be fully understood. The role of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic factors in stomatal responses to CO2 was investigated in wild-type barley (Hordeum vulgare var. Graphic) and in a mutant (G132) with decreased photochemical and Rubisco capacities. The CO2 and DCMU responses of stomatal conductance (gs), gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and levels of ATP, with a putative transcript for stomatal opening were analysed. G132 had greater gs than the wild-type, despite lower photosynthesis rates and higher intercellular CO2 concentrations (Ci). The mutant had Rubisco-limited photosynthesis at very high CO2 levels, and higher ATP contents than the wild-type. Stomatal sensitivity to CO2 under red light was lower in G132 than in the wild-type, both in photosynthesizing and DCMU-inhibited leaves. Under constant Ci and red light, stomatal sensitivity to DCMU inhibition was higher in G132. The levels of a SLAH3-like slow anion channel ...
27 accessions of Vicia benghalensisfrom different geographical origins constitute the pool on which the present study was performed. Genetic variation among the samples was biochemically and...
Klughammer, B., Benz, B., Betz, M., Thume, M., & Dietz, K. - J. (1992). Reconstitution of vacuolar ion channels into planar lipid bilayers. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1104(2), 308-316. doi:10.1016/0005-2736(92)90045- ...
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive series is the first work ever to illustrate and deal in detail with all the living species of birds.
One specimen lived 10.4 years in captivity [0669]. It has been reported that these animals can live up to 30.4 years in captivity [0979], but this has not been verified. ...
Sancte Michael Archangele, defende nos in proelio; contra nequitiam et insidias diaboli esto praesidium. Imperat illi Deus; supplices deprecamur: tuque, Princeps militiae coelestis, Satanam aliosque spiritus malignos, qui ad perditionem animarum pervagantur in mundo, divina virtute in infernum detrude. Amen ...
Sancte Michael Archangele, defende nos in proelio; contra nequitiam et insidias diaboli esto praesidium. Imperat illi Deus; supplices deprecamur: tuque, Princeps militiae coelestis, Satanam aliosque spiritus malignos, qui ad perditionem animarum pervagantur in mundo, divina virtute in infernum detrude. Amen ...
Suresh Forestry Network are leading Manufacturer & Supplier of Ficus Benghalensis Plant in Chikkaballapur Karnataka India, Ficus Benghalensis Plant Manufacturer in Chikkaballapur , Wholesale Ficus Benghalensis Plant Supplier, Ficus Benghalensis Plant Wholesaler Trader
Liver injury is a consistent pathological change found intoxicated with Ageratum conyzoides. Adult Wistar rats showed a persistent reduction of body weight gain for 28 days of feeding on 20 percent A. conyzoides diet. Macroscopically liver appeared to have mottling on the capsular surface, and this lesion was the only pathological change found in rats. Megalocytosis and proliferation of bile suct cell were noted in liver microscopically. Similar clinical signs were also seen in rats fed on 10 percent of A. conyzoides diet for six weeks of feeding. Pathological changes did not appear in the liver during the first week of feeding. The pathological changes started to develop in the second week of feeding including anisokaryocytosis, proliferation of bile duct cells and infiltration of mononuclear cells inside and/or outside the veins and arteries of liver in the second week of feeding. Megalocytosis appeared in the third week followed by marked anisokaryocytosis and bile duct cells proliferation. ...
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with the level of control ...
Glyphosate is the most important and widely used herbicide in world agriculture. Intensive glyphosate selection has resulted in the widespread evolution of glyphosate-resistant weed populations, threatening the sustainability of this valuable once-in-a-century agrochemical. Field-evolved glyphosate resistance due to known resistance mechanisms is generally low to modest. Here, working with a highly glyphosate-resistant Eleusine indica population, we identified a double amino acid substitution (T102I + P106S [TIPS]) in the 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) gene in glyphosate-resistant individuals. This TIPSmutation recreates the biotechnology-engineered commercial first generation glyphosate-tolerant EPSPS in corn (Zea mays) and now in other crops. In E. indica, the naturally evolved TIPS mutants are highly (more than 180-fold) resistant to glyphosate compared with the wild type and more resistant (more than 32-fold) than the previously known P106S mutants. The E. indica TIPS ...
Background and aims: Medicinal plant products are considered to be an effective candidate against the number of viral diseases as generally observed or reported in developing countries. As per the literature, secondary metabolites (i.e. Alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins etc.) are reported in medicinal plant products and showed its antiviral properties. In this study, our group focused on those medicinal plants especially roots of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa related to New castle Disease Virus (NDV) and Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) having in vitro antiviral activity. These studies were conducted on the human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Methods: For antimicrobial studies, different medicinal plant products especially roots of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa were collected from Vidya Pratishthans garden, School of Biotechnology, Baramati. These medicinal plant leaves are used in the form of aqueous extract and determined its anti-microbial activity against poultry viruses
POTENTIAL ACCELERATING EFFECT OF Ageratum conyzoides L. LEAVES EXTRACT ON FIBROBLASTS DENSITY OF INCISION WOUND OF MALE WHITE MICE (Mus musculus)
Setiap orang pasti pernah mengalami berbagai macam luka dalam hidupnya. Proses yang kemudian terjadi adalah penyembuhan luka. Povidone iodine merupakan obat paling sering digunakan untuk mengobati luka, tetapi sering menimbulkan reaksi hipersensitivitas. Daun babandotan (Ageratum conyzoides L.) mengandung berbagai kandungan kimia dan senyawa aktif yang berkhasiat untuk mempercepat penyembuhan luka. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui rerata lama penyembuhan luka hingga luka menutup dengan sempurna pada mencit. Metodologi penelitian bersifat eksperimental laboratorik, menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Penelitian ini menggunakan 25 ekor mencit Swiss Webster jantan yang dibagi menjadi lima kelompok perlakuan yaitu ekstrak etanol daun babandotan dalam ointment (EBO) dengan konsentrasi 6,25%, 12,5%, dan 25%, vaseline album(ointment) sebagai kontrol, dan povidone iodine ointment sebagai pembanding. Pemberian perlakuan dengan cara mengoleskan obat pada sayatan luka satu kali sehari secara ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ficus benghalensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 09-Oct-10 ...
Hiptage benghalensis (L) Kurz belongs to the family Malphigiaceae. The plant has strong therapeutic potential thus occasionally cultivated for medicinal purposes in several traditional medicines to cure various diseases. This plant has been known to possess antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anticancerous, antimutagenic and hepatoprotective activity. According to Ayurveda, Hiptage benghalensis is cooling, vulnerary, astringent, expectorant, cardiotonic, anti-inflammatory, insecticidal, wound healing and used in burning sensation of the body, wound, pruritus, foul ulcers, scabies, leprosy, skin diseases, cough, asthma, cardiac debility, rheumatism, hyperdipsia, obesity, intrinsic haemorrhage etc. The presented review summarizes the information concerning the botany, ethno pharmacology, phytochemistry and biological activity of this plant.
從清朝 日治時代直到現在3台灣的鳳梨品系一直都一樣嗎?當然不是囉(最早的鳳梨被稱為「在來種「3後來日治時代為了製作罐頭方便3從夏威夷引進了開英種4到了1980年以後3因為罐頭外銷敵不過競爭3台灣的鳳梨改為內銷且以鮮食為主3為了挽救鳳梨產業3農改場 農試所便培育出各種不同適合鮮食的鳳梨4包括不用削皮可以直接剝來吃的釋迦鳳梨(台農4號(3最適合在秋冬生產的冬蜜鳳梨(台農13號(3有特殊香氣的香水鳳梨(台農11號(3以及因為果肉乳白色被稱為牛奶鳳梨的台農20號等 ...
Kingsford, MJ, OCallaghan, MD, Liggins, L and Gerlach, G (2017). The short-lived neon damsel Pomacentrus coelestis: implications for population dynamics. Journal of Fish Biology 90(5): 2041-2059 ...
The Ficus Alii, commonly called the Banana leaf fig for its unique long slender leaves, is a species native to India, and China. Easier to care for than its Fiddle Leaf Fig, Ficus Alii is also less prone to dropping its leaves when moved to impefect conditions. This makes it a less intimidating, dramtic statement tree
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
One of its kind full print swimsuit! Decide if you go swimming wearing galaxy, octopus, cats, pot of fish scales prints!Stylish and comfy -no matter how often you wash it, the print wont fade away and wont loose its shape. All swimsuits have a low-cut back.Live Heroes guarantees the highest quality of all products purchased. If your order isnt what you expected, feel free to contact our Customer service team. Well do our best to make you fully satisfied.Estimated shipping time is 21 day...
Ürün 19 cm lik saksısında 100-125 cm boyunda gönderilmektedir. Bitki canlı olduğu için boyutu ve formu değişiklik gösterebilir. Her bitki aynı şekilde büyümediği için görseldeki ile bire bir aynı olması beklenmemelidir. Önemli olan size doğru bitki türünün ve saksı çapının ulaşmasıdır. Ficus bakımı
Ageratum are sun loving plants that produce an abundance of uniquely textured fuzzy blooms. This landscape ageratum offers dense, mounded hedges of color compared to other bedding types. Sell in premium packs and in 4 pots.Color: Mid-blue SHIPPING Seed Untreated Pelleted 500 Seeds: On backorder CULTURE Soil temperatur
Results obtained by flow cytometry showed that the studied variety of Rumex acetosa presented, on average, 7.04 pg of DNA. Similar result was obtained by Błocka-Wandas et al. (2007), who reported that female plants of this species cultivated in Poland presented 7 pg of nuclear DNA. On the other hand, male plants with an additional chromosome presented, on average, 7.5 pg of nuclear DNA (Błocka-Wandas et al. 2007).. Cytogenetic evaluations of Rumex acetosa were carried out with samples of the population of a variety cultivated locally. Therefore, these evaluations had the objective of developing a breeding program; exploring the genetic variability by crosses; producing seeds of this species; and studying a greater number of plants, in order to verify the occurrence of male plants in this population.. The Basella alba plants evaluated in this study had 44 chromosomes in all metaphases. The literature presents some divergence for the description of the chromosome number of this species. ...
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally ...
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally ...
2020/12/01 . Posted in Garden Themes, Annual Garden. The name of the plant comes from the Latin word ageratos which means ageless, and, in fact, a cut flower of ageratum stays fresh for a long time. What is Ageratum? There are many types of Ageratum, but Ageratum houstonianum is the most commonly used in both home and display gardens of all kinds. Ageratum houstonianum is a popular herbaceous plant, bearing large trusses of fluffy flowers on strong stems. A nonstop bloomer from mid summer to fall (Ageratum means long-lived in Greek), it grows easily in shapely mounds ranging from 6-24 in. Blue Horizon Ageratum flowers are native to the tropics of Central America and Mexico and thrive in many similar humid gardens in the United States. Ageratum Farm: Ageratum also known flossflower, a native of Mexico, is often used in formal designs that need a blue color. Alcea Hollyhock. In Hinduism and Buddhism, theyre considered the most sacred flower. Other common names of the plant are Ageratum, ...
Samples of two Ageratum conyzoides, one Sonchus oleraceus and one turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) exhibiting virus-like symptoms were collected from Pakistan and Nepal. Full-length begomovirus clones were obtained from the four plant samples and betasatellite clones from three of these. The begomovirus sequences were shown to be isolates of Ageratum enation virus (AEV) with greater than 89.1% nucleotide sequence identity to the 26 AEV sequences available in the databases. The three betasatellite sequences were shown to be isolates of Ageratum yellow leaf curl betasatellite (AYLCB) with greater than 90% identity to the 18 AYLCB sequences available in the databases. The AEV sequences were shown to fall into two distinct strains, for which the names Nepal (consisting of isolates from Nepal, India, and Pakistan-including the isolates identified here) and India (isolates occurring only in India) strains are proposed. For the clones obtained from two AEV isolates, with their AYLCB, infectivity was shown by
Kailan (Brassica oleracea var. Alboglabra) is a family of cabbages (Brasicaceae) which contain nutrients and high antioxidant activities. The cultivation system organically and conventionally can influence the nutrients and antioxidant contents. In this study, the total phenolic content, flavonoid, ascorbic acid, and antioxidant activity of ethanolic of kailan extract were carried out. Fresh weight and height of the plant as well as the percentage of damaged leaves of kailan were determine too as physical analysis. There were three different watering treatments on cultivation of kailan such as, organic kailan treated with Fermented Plant Extract (FPE), control (just water) and conventional treatment. FPE was prepared from mixture of rumput paitan (Paspalum conjugatum B), babadotan (Ageratum conyzoides L), and effective microorganism 5 (EM5). The results showed that the weight of plant, the height of plant and percentage of damaged leaves were not significantly different in all treatments. Total ...
Citation: Spigler, R.B., Lewers, K.S., Main, D., Ashman, T.L. 2008. Genetic mapping of sex determination in octoploid strawberry. Plant and Animal Genome Conference Proceedings. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Wild strawberry species exhibit a range of breeding systems including hermaphroditism, dioecy, and gynodioecy. Breeders of cultivated strawberry, Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier, prefer self-pollinating hermaphrodites, but major sources of pest resistance are the wild octoploid progenitor species, F. virginiana Mill. and F. chiloensis (L.) Mill, which are sexually dimorphic. Therefore, a program that can isolate genomic regions controlling sex expression from other desirable traits may facilitate strawberry breeding and further our understanding of sex expression. To identify regions controlling sex expression in Fragaria L., we developed a mapping population from a cross between a female and a low-fruiting hermaphrodite, both F. virginiana. At each of two locations ...
Detail záznamu - Accumulation of Y-specific satellite DNAs during the evolution of Rumex acetosa sex chromosomes - Detail záznamu - Knihovna Akademie věd České republiky
396. Ageratum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 839. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 363. 1754. [Greek a, not, and geras, old age, apparently alluding to long-lasting nature of flowers] Guy L. Nesom Annuals and perennials, mostly 20-120 cm. Stems often decumbent (rooting at proximal nodes), sparsely to densely branched. Leaves cauline; all or mostly opposite; petiolate; blades mostly 1-nerved, deltate to ovate, or elliptic to lanceolate, margins entire or toothed, faces glabrous or ± pilose, puberulent, or strigoso-hispid, sometimes gland-dotted. Heads discoid, in dense to open, cymiform to corymbiform arrays. Involucres campanulate, 3-6 mm. Phyllaries persistent, 30-40 in 2-3 series, usually 2-nerved, lanceolate, ± equal (often indurate, margins scarious). Receptacles conic, epaleate [paleate]. Florets 20-125; corollas white or bluish to lavender, throats ± campanulate (lengths 2 times diams.); styles: bases not enlarged, glabrous, branches ± linear to clavate (usually papillose and dilated distally). Cypselae ...
Browse and Shop Ageratum Online - Annuals from Garden Crossings - We are a family owned small business specializing in high quality, locally grown garden plants here in West Michigan.
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Kigelia Africana. List of various diseases cured by Kigelia Africana. How Kigelia Africana is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Kigelia Africana in various languages of the world are also given.
BMI.com. Melina Robinson. "Review: Three Days Grace Graces the Joint with New Frontman Matt Walst". LasVegasSun.com. Archived ...
Commelina maculata • Communist Party of India (Maoist) • Communist Party of India (Marxist) • Communist Party of India (Marxist ...
"Commelina spp". earthmedicineinstitute.com. Retrieved 2019-05-18. "Hildegardia barteri - Useful Tropical Plants". tropical. ... Pseudospondias microcarpa Ceiba pentandra Xylopia spp Uapaca guineensis Boval vegetation Sansevieria liberica Commelina spp ...
Commelina dianthifolia, infusion of plant used by Keres as a strengthener for weakened tuberculosis patients. Cornus sericea, ... Commelina dianthifolia. Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn). UM-Dearborn College of Arts, Sciences ...
Commelina angustifolia. Convolvulus tenellus. Coreopsis latifolia. Corypha Hystrix. Cristaria coccinea, Bot. Mag. t. 1673. ...
". "Artists - León, Melina - Music of Puerto Rico". www.musicofpuertorico.com. "Melina León - Fundación Nacional para la ...
The commelina africana is used for menstrual problems, pelvic pains and bladder related issues. Agapanthus is found in pre- ... "SANBI.Commelina Africana". PlantZAfrica.com. Hutchings, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G. & Cunningham, A.B. 1996. Zulu medicinal ... There are eleven species of plants that fall under isicakathi, namely commelina africana, agapanthus, chlorophytum comosum, ...
Commelina cyanea R.Br. Commelina ensifolia R.Br. Commelina lanceolata R.Br. Commelina undulata R.Br. Conospermum caeruleum R.Br ...
Commelina agrostophylla F.Muell. Commersonia craurophylla (F.Muell.) F.Muell. Commersonia melanopetala F.Muell. Commersonia ...
is a synonym for Commelina.) As of June 2016[update], The Plant List accepts three species: Ovidia andina (Poepp. & Endl.) ...
The larvae feed on Commelina species. "Acraea Fabricius, 1807" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms " ...
The larvae feed on Commelina species. They mine the leaves of their host plant. "Elachistine Moths of Australia: Lepidoptera, ...
Microbotryaceae) on Commelina and Tinantia (Commelinaceae)". Mycobiota. 10: 21-37. doi:10.12664/mycobiota.2020.10.03. Savile, D ...
indigenous Commelina krebsiana Kunth, accepted as Commelina africana L. var. krebsiana (Kunth) C.B.Clarke, indigenous Commelina ... endemic Commelina benghalensis L. indigenous Commelina diffusa Burm.f. indigenous Commelina diffusa Burm.f. subsp. diffusa, ... indigenous Commelina rogersii Burtt Davy, endemic Commelina subulata Roth, indigenous Commelina zambesica C.B.Clarke, ... indigenous Commelina eckloniana Kunth, indigenous Commelina erecta L. indigenous Commelina forskaolii Vahl, indigenous ...
The larvae feed on Commelina species. They mine the leaves of their host plant. Lauri Kaila (2011). "Elachistine Moths of ...
The larvae feed on Commelina cyanea. They mine the leaves of their host plant. Kaila, L.; Sugisima, K. (2011). Elachistine ...
Commelina diffusa Burm.f. Commelina erecta L. Commelina forsskaolii Vahl Commelina lagosensis C.B.Clarke Commelina nigritana ... Combretum sericeum G.Don Combretum tomentosum G.Don Commelina africana L. Commelina aspera Benth. Commelina benghalensis L. ... Commelina subulata Roth Commicarpus helenae (Schult.) Meikle Commiphora africana (A.Rich.) Engl. Commiphora pedunculata ( ...
The larvae feed on Commelina species. De Prins, J. & De Prins, W. (2017). "Teracotona rhodophaea (Walker, 1865)". Afromoths. ...
The genus Commelina is named after him. Nederlantze Hesperides (1676) Catalogus plantarum indigenarum Hollandiae (1683) Horti ...
Larva known to feed on Commelina pacifica plants. De Prins, J. & De Prins, W. (2018). "Hypena obacerralis Walker, 1859". ...
It feeds mainly on plants within the genus Commelina. The Wire song Outdoor Miner was inspired by co-writer Graham Lewis's ...
12 (1): 1-9. Linnaeus (1753). Species Plantarum (in Latin). Commelina, p. 40 Tradescantia, p. 299 Löfling, Pehr (1758). Iter ...
Well known genera include Commelina (dayflowers) and Tradescantia (spiderworts). The family is diverse in both the Old World ...
The larvae feed on Commelina species, such as C. diffusa. The flight period of the adults is all year, but they are most common ...
Also species in the genus Commelina, such as Blue Spiderwort, C. coelestis. Spleenwort - Asplenium. A large genus of ferns; ...
Herbaceous plants include Cnidoscolus angustidens, Plantago linearis, Bouteloua hirsuta, and Commelina coelestis. The San José ...
Commelina agraria Kunth Tradescantia virginica L. Ipomoea purpurea Roth Ipomoea batatoides Benth. Jacquemontia blanchetii Moric ...
Commelina dianthifolia - Infusion of plant used as a strengthener for weakened tuberculosis patients. Geranium caespitosum - ...
Commelinin, a blue pigment from the flowers of Commelina communis, is a complex of 4 Mg2+ ions chelating six anthocyanin ... Shiono M, Matsugaki N, Takeda K (2008). "Structure of commelinin, a blue complex pigment from the blue flowers of Commelina ...
Their host spectrum includes many grasses (Poaceae), and also ginger, sedges, rushes and commelina. Blast diseases by ...
a b c d e PlantNET, plant profile Commelina cyanea *^ a b "Commelina cyanea R. Br". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS ... Commelina cyanea is pollinated by a variety of native bees such as Nomia aurantifer, Amegilla pulchra, halictid and colletid ... Commelina cyanea, commonly known as scurvy weed, is a perennial prostrate herb of the family Commelinaceae native to moist ... Commelina cyanea was one of the many species initially described by the botanist Robert Brown in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae ...
The Asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis) is probably the best known species in the West. It is a common weed in parts of ... Commelina is a genus of approximately 170 species commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. They are ... Several species, such as Commelina benghalensis, are eaten as a leaf vegetable in Southeast Asia and Africa. Plants in the ... Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press, p. 35 Qaiser, M.; Jafri, S.M.H. (1975), "Commelina benghalensis", in Ali, S.I.; Qaiser ...
Within China, Commelina diffusa is used as a medicinal herb with febrifugal and diuretic effects. A dye is also obtained from ... Commelina diffusa is typically an annual herb, though it may be perennial in the tropics. It spreads diffusely, creeping along ... Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the ... See page 80.) Kumar, B. (2011). "Commelina diffusa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-29.old-form ...
No one has contributed data records for Commelina echinulata yet. Learn how to contribute. ...
Definition: Of plant duration, a plant whose life span ends within one year after germination, e.g. a winter annual germinating in the autumn and flowering in the spring (esp. in Mediterranean climates), approximately synonymous to therophyte, c.f. biennial, ephemeral, perennial, c.f. also of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic ...
... identification and distribution of Commelina coelestis, flower image ... Commelina coelestis, flower. click on image to enlarge. © Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 Email full-size image and text title. ... IM/I_HLV/0006/320/Commelina_coelestis,_flower,I_HLV681.jpg. width=240 x height=320 pixels; size=17069 bytes Discover Life , Top ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Commelina thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Commelina dianthifolia . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Commelina nigritana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Commelina_eckloniana&oldid=5873625" ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Commelina_arenicola&oldid=5873510" ...
... commelina explanation free. What is commelina? Meaning of commelina medical term. What does commelina mean? ... Looking for online definition of commelina in the Medical Dictionary? ... redirected from commelina). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to commelina: Commelina ... Anti-hyperglycemic activity of Commelina communis L.. Protective effect of homonojirimycin from Commelina communis (dayflower) ...
Commelina erecta grows in temperate regions of North and Central America, as well as in tropical regions. This is by far the ... Etymology: Commelina was named after the three Dutch botanists in the Commelin family, Johann (1629-1698), Kasper (1667-1731), ... Etymology: Commelina honors the Dutch botanists Jan (1629-1692) and nephew Caspar (1667-1731) Commelijn; erecta refers to the ... Similar species: The similar Commelina communis is an annual with erect or decumbent stems, branches that often root at the ...
Protective effect of homonojirimycin from Commelina communis (dayflower) on influenza virus infection in mice.. [Guo-bin Zhang ... The effects of homonojirimycin (HNJ), one of alkaloids from Commelina communis L., on protection against influenza virus ...
SAPS - Stomatal opening and closing in commelina communis - Student Guide * SAPS - Stomatal opening and closing in commelina ... Commelina communis seeds are no longer commercially available. This resource is now archived on the STEM Learning site. ...
Role of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells.. S. Gilroy, M. D. Fricker, N. D. Read, A. J. Trewavas ... Role of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells. Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from Plant ... The role of cytosolic Ca2+ in signal transduction in stomatal guard cells of Commelina communis was investigated using ...
BASIONYM: Commelina gambiae C. B. Clarke 1881.. Commelina umbellata var. gambiae Commelina umbellata Thonning, var. gambiae (C ... Commelina gambiae C.B.Clarke - GAMBIAN DAYFLOWER. Citation. Citation. COMMELINA GAMBIAE C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, ... Commelina nigritiana var. gambiae Commelina nigritiana Bentham, var. gambiae (C. B. Clarke) Brenan, Kew Bull. 22: 392. 1968.. ...
Commelina hasskarlii Commelina hasskarlii C. B. Clarke, Commelyn. Cyrtandr. Bengal. 13, t. 3. 1874.. TYPE: INDIA:. ...
The alkyne-tag Raman imaging of coronatine, a plant pathogen virulence factor, in Commelina communis and its possible mode of ... The alkyne-tag Raman imaging of coronatine, a plant pathogen virulence factor, in Commelina communis and its possible mode of ...
Commelina virginica, Virginia Dayflower. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3790 plants and 23,552 images. For many plants, ... Commelina virginica FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 038-01-001:. Commelina ... Commelina virginica FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:. ...
Commelina caroliniana, Indian Dayflower. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3713 plants and 22,490 images. For many plants, ... Commelina caroliniana FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:. Commelina caroliniana FAMILY ... Commelina caroliniana FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933). Commelina ... Read about the original distribution of Commelina caroliniana from Alan Weakley and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. ...
Commelina erecta var. angustifolia FAMILY Commelinaceae LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 038-01-002:. Commelina ... Commelina erecta var. angustifolia FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:. ...
2. Commelina diffusa Burm. f., Fl. Indica 18 (1768). Tipo: India, Burmann s.n. (G). ... Commelina longicaulis Jacq., C. nudiflora sensu Burm. f. (1768), non L. Tallos ascendentes, ramificándose y enraizando en los ... Commelina diffusa Burm. f., Fl. Indica 18. 1768; C. longicaulis Jacq. Perennes; tallos postrados a ascendentes, enraizando en ... 7 "Commelina diffusa Burman f. in Flora of China @ efloras.org" eFlora. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard ...
Commelina ludens Commelina ludens Miquel, J. Bot. Neerl. 1: 88. 1861.. Commelina willdenovii Commelina willdenovii Kunth, Enum ... Commelina communis var. ludens Commelina communis Linnaeus, var. ludens (Miquel) C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. ... Commelina communis forma aureostriata Commelina communis Linnaeus, forma aureostriata MacKeever, Rhodora 63: 89. 1961.. TYPE: ...
Commelina erecta L.. Common Name. Slender Dayflower, Erect Dayflower. Synonym(s). Flora of Virginia Name/Status. Commelina ...
Commelina benghalensis, Commelina caroliniana, Commelina communis, Commelina dianthifolia, Commelina diffusa, Commelina erecta ... Commelina benghalensis, Commelina caroliniana, Commelina communis, Commelina dianthifolia, Commelina diffusa, Commelina erecta ... Commelina erecta 6 Leaf sheaths not auriculate; roots thin; proximal petal blue to lilac or lavender, conspicuous; some locules ... Commelina virginica 7 Annuals or perennials with ascending to decumbent, repent or scrambling stems; sheaths with or without ...
Commelina diffusa Burman f. var. diffusa. Common Name. Creeping Dayflower. Synonym(s). Commelina diffusa. Flora of Virginia ... Commelina diffusa Burmann f.. Comments. Habitat. Sandy, seasonally exposed stream banks, river shores, and bars; also in low ...
... - Plant Locations - Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
... - Plant Classification Group - Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb. . soybeans, cotton, maize, sugarcane, cassava, peanuts, pineapples, ... Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb. . soybeans, cotton, maize, sugarcane, cassava, peanuts, pineapples, ... While studying the fate of Commelina benghalensis L. after simulated rumen digestion, The seed produces a bread similar to corn ... Pieces of cut stems of C. Wilson, ; EPPO, Weed Research, UK, 25 4: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Commelina ...
Commelina benghalensis, Linnaeus, 1753. Linnaeus, Carolus, 1753, Species plantarum: exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera ... 3. Commelina corollis inaequalibus, foliis ovatis obtusis, caule repente.. Ephemerum benghalense serpens, folio subrotundo ...
  • Commelina cyanea , commonly known as scurvy weed , is a perennial prostrate herb of the family Commelinaceae native to moist forests and woodlands of eastern Australia , [1] Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island . (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina caroliniana is a species of plant in the family Commelinaceae . (eol.org)
  • This name is reported by Commelinaceae as an accepted name in the genus Commelina (family Commelinaceae ). (worldfloraonline.org)
  • With about 100 species, Commelina is the largest genus of Commelinaceae in Africa. (researchsquare.com)
  • Linnaeus picked the name in honour of the Dutch botanists Jan and Caspar Commelijn , using the two large showy petals of Commelina communis to symbolise them. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeus of the 18th century named the genus after the two Dutch botanists Jan Commelijn and his nephew Caspar, each representing one of the showy petals of Commelina communis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis) is probably the best known species in the West. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anti-hyperglycemic activity of Commelina communis L. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The similar Commelina communis is an annual with erect or decumbent stems, branches that often root at the nodes, leaves that are lance- to narrow egg-shaped, and spathe margins that are not fused. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • The effects of homonojirimycin (HNJ), one of alkaloids from Commelina communis L., on protection against influenza virus infection in mice were investigated. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Commelina communis seeds are no longer commercially available. (saps.org.uk)
  • The role of cytosolic Ca2+ in signal transduction in stomatal guard cells of Commelina communis was investigated using fluorescence ratio imaging and photometry. (plantcell.org)
  • Commelina communis Linnaeus, forma aureostriata MacKeever, Rhodora 63: 89. (usf.edu)
  • To investigate the chemical constituents from Commelina communis, fifteen compounds were separated and purified by silica gel , Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column chromatography , and semi-preparative HPLC . (bvsalud.org)
  • Several species, such as Commelina benghalensis, are eaten as a leaf vegetable in Southeast Asia and Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Para sementes de Commelina benghalensis foram obtidos resultados promissores com o preaquecimento, a seco, a 75[degre]C, por 24 horas, o que aumentou a porcentagem de germinacao das sementes aereas grandes, com envoltorio, e sementes pequenas do solo (Santos et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Species Control (%) Treatment (%) Euphorbia hirta 70 40 Syndrella nodiflora 100 60 Eleusine indica 80 70 Panicum maximum 80 80 Ageratum conyzoides 10 10 Commelina benghalensis 40 20 Tridax procumbense 50 30 Mimosa pudica 10 0 Table 4: Changes in Population Density ([m. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Reversal of triazole-induced stomatal closure by gibberellic acid and cytokinins in Commelina benghalensis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb. (flash-container.info)
  • Weed control investigations in Bolivian crops Commelina benghalensis produces three types of branches - aerial or negatively geotropic ones, subaerial or diageotropic ones, and underground or positively geotropic ones. (flash-container.info)
  • The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Commelina benghalensis. (flash-container.info)
  • EPPO, Weed Research, UK, 25 4: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Commelina benghalensis. (flash-container.info)
  • Commelina benghalensis Linnaeus, 1753, spec. (plazi.org)
  • This patch of Commelina diffusa is not as dense as the invasive form of Commelina benghalensis nearby. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Hairy Wandering Jew or Hairy Creeping Christian is Commelina benghalensis, which is, according to the Queensland Land for Wildlife, like the natives on steroids. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • The distinctive flower of Commelina benghalensis. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Evaluation of anticancer activity of methanol extract of Commelina benghalensis Linn. (greenpharmacy.info)
  • Given the difficulty in controlling dayflower , the aim was to identify what herbicide provides the better control of Commelina benghalensis and the better developmental stage for its application. (bvsalud.org)
  • Em face a dificuldade no controle da trapoeraba , o objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar qual herbicida proporciona o melhor controle de Commelina benghalensis e qual o melhor estádio fenológico para sua aplicação. (bvsalud.org)
  • As espécies de trapoeraba Commelina benghalensis e C. diffusa estão entre as principais plantas infestantes na cultura do café. (scielo.br)
  • Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the dayflower family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina diffusa is typically an annual herb, though it may be perennial in the tropics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina diffusa Burm.f. (worldfloraonline.org)
  • Commelina diffusa Burman f. var. (vaplantatlas.org)
  • A Commelina diffusa flower. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Commelina diffusa, known as Commelina cyanea outside Queensland, has also been called Native Wandering Jew or Creeping Christian and apparently when Captain James Cook landed on the East Coast of Australia, it was eaten by the sailors to prevent scurvy and thus, the common name in New South Wales, Scurvy Weed was born. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Commelina diffusa climbing a rocky section of my dam wall. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • This photo shows the presence of white hairs on the native Commelina diffusa. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Only Commelina erecta exhibited a significant relationship with dry forest when a Bonferroni correction was applied to multiple comparisons among the 73 plant species. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Commelina erecta grows in temperate regions of North and Central America, as well as in tropical regions. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • NameThatPlant.net: Commelina erecta var. (namethatplant.net)
  • Commelina erecta, ampliore subcaeruleo flore. (plazi.org)
  • [2] The genus name Commelina was chosen based on the Asiatic dayflower. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina cyanea is pollinated by a variety of native bees such as Nomia aurantifer , Amegilla pulchra , halictid and colletid bees, and syrphid flies (genus Syritta ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina is a genus of approximately 170 species commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now the genus is Commelina and we've got two native species and an invasive species in South-east Queensland. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • There are around 230 species in the Commelina genus and seven of them are native to Australia. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Compounds 2, 5-9, 11, 13 were obtained from the genus Commelina for the first time . (bvsalud.org)
  • Commelina cyanea was one of the many species initially described by the botanist Robert Brown in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen and still bears its original name. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, the dendrogram showed species on undulating terrain and mesic sites such as birdbill dayflower Commelina dianthifolia, wolftail Lycurus phleoides, and annual candy leaf Stevia micrantha, which are typical of communities of P. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This is by far the most variable species of Commelina in the flora. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • The other species found in South-East Queensland is Commelina lanceolata and it's sometimes called Wandering Sailor and is easily confused when young with another Wandering Jew. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Commelina species root at every nodule that touches the soil, this along with the way the stems snap under pressure makes it difficult to remove from the garden. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Hence, this study will focus on chromosome and nucleoli analysis of selected species of Commelina L. Somatic chromosomes were prepared from root tips that emerged from the nodes of stem cuttings that were made to stand submerged in water. (researchsquare.com)
  • Karotypes of Tradescantia were found to be monomodal for the Commelina species of the studied plant materials. (researchsquare.com)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Commelina dianthifolia . (usda.gov)
  • Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Faden, Robert (2006), "Commelina", in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina cyanea is a trailing herbaceous perennial plant, whose stems grow along the ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • Attractive in flower, Commelina cyanea adapts readily to cultivation and can be grown as a groundcover or in hanging baskets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants (ASGAP), Commelina cyanea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Read about the original distribution of Commelina caroliniana from Alan Weakley and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. (namethatplant.net)
  • BASIONYM: Commelina ludens Miquel 1861. (usf.edu)
  • the developing lower petal is much larger than the upper petals in Cochliostema, Hardy & Stevenson, 2000a, Commelina , Hardy et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 3. Commelina corollis inaequalibus, foliis ovatis obtusis, caule repente. (plazi.org)
  • 4. Commelina corollis inaequalibus, foliis ovato-lanceolatis, caule erecto scabro simplicissimo. (plazi.org)
  • Commelina hasskarlii C. B. Clarke, Commelyn. (usf.edu)
  • Commelina foliis ovato-lanceolatis, caule erectiusculo scabro, petalis duobus majoribus. (plazi.org)
  • Commelina willdenovii Kunth, Enum. (usf.edu)
  • This is not necessarily a problem with the slower growing and less hardy natives, but the invasive Commelina has a tendency to survive dry periods and doesn't die off as much in the cooler seasons. (janegrowsgardenrooms.garden)
  • Biological Control There have not been any attempts to use biological control against Commelina spp. (flash-container.info)
  • That these seven 'shaks"--Momordica charantia, Alstonia scholaris, Cardiospermum halicacabum, Commelina paludosa, Gymnopetalum cochinchinense, Corchorus aestuans, and Spilanthes calva were consumed during times of food scarcity by the Chakmas suggests that the leaves and young shoots of the plants may have adequate nutritional value, besides satiating hunger. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Learn more about Commelina from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina . (namethatplant.net)
  • Morris B, In the henghalensis densities, Commelina benghalensisBidens pilosa and Ipomoea triloba plants caused a small reduction in the shoot dry matter of maize, with no significant difference with the crop grown in monoculture. (flash-container.info)
  • Slideshow 1062-14: Dayflower (Commelina) flower in Little Lake Creek. (asergeev.com)
  • Dayflower (Commelina) flower in Little Lake Creek Loop Trail in Sam Houston National Forest. (asergeev.com)
  • A quick Google search made me end up with the name Commelina. (wordpress.com)