Commelina: A plant genus of the family COMMELINACEAE of perennial herbs with blue flowers.Badnavirus: A genus of DNA plant viruses with bacilliform morphology. Transmission in clonally-propagated plants is by vegetative propagation of infected plant materials. Transmission in nature is by mealybugs, seeds, and pollen. The type species is Commelina yellow mottle virus.Ageratum: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that contains PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS. Yellow vein disease of Ageratum is caused by a viral DNA complex of a begomovirus (GEMINIVIRIDAE).Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Stomata: Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.Osmosis: Tendency of fluids (e.g., water) to move from the less concentrated to the more concentrated side of a semipermeable membrane.Plant Transpiration: The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Vicia faba: A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.Hospital-Physician Joint Ventures: A formal financial agreement made between one or more physicians and a hospital to provide ambulatory alternative services to those patients who do not require hospitalization.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.Capital Financing: Institutional funding for facilities and for equipment which becomes a part of the assets of the institution.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.North CarolinaAirports: Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Heliotropium: A plant genus in the family Boraginaceae, order Lamiales, subclass Asteridae. This is the True Heliotrope that should not be confused with an unrelated plant sometimes called Garden Heliotrope (VALERIAN).Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Opuntia: A plant genus of the family CACTACEAE. Species with cylindrical joints are called Cholla; flat jointed ones are Prickly-pear.TurtlesKalanchoe: A plant genus of the family CRASSULACEAE. Members contain bryophyllins (also called bryotoxins) which are bufadienolides (BUFANOLIDES) that have insecticidal activity.Gophers: The family Geomyidae of burrowing rodents, commonly called pocket gophers. There are six genera, all found in North America.Lupinus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is a source of SPARTEINE, lupanine and other lupin alkaloids.Helianthus: A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.Cyprinodontiformes: An order of fish with eight families and numerous species of both egg-laying and livebearing fish. Families include Cyprinodontidae (egg-laying KILLIFISHES;), FUNDULIDAEl; (topminnows), Goodeidae (Mexican livebearers), Jenynsiidae (jenynsiids), Poeciliidae (livebearers), Profundulidae (Middle American killifishes), Aplocheilidae, and Rivulidae (rivulines). In the family Poeciliidae, the guppy and molly belong to the genus POECILIA.Insect Repellents: Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.Hawaii: A group of islands in Polynesia, in the north central Pacific Ocean, comprising eight major and 114 minor islands, largely volcanic and coral. Its capital is Honolulu. It was first reached by Polynesians about 500 A.D. It was discovered and named the Sandwich Islands in 1778 by Captain Cook. The islands were united under the rule of King Kamehameha 1795-1819 and requested annexation to the United States in 1893 when a provisional government was set up. Hawaii was established as a territory in 1900 and admitted as a state in 1959. The name is from the Polynesian Owhyhii, place of the gods, with reference to the two volcanoes Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa, regarded as the abode of the gods. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p493 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p2330)Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Bass: Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.DEET: A compound used as a topical insect repellent that may cause irritation to eyes and mucous membranes, but not to the skin.Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Herbicides: Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Herbicide Resistance: Diminished or failed response of PLANTS to HERBICIDES.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Atrazine: A selective triazine herbicide. Inhalation hazard is low and there are no apparent skin manifestations or other toxicity in humans. Acutely poisoned sheep and cattle may show muscular spasms, fasciculations, stiff gait, increased respiratory rates, adrenal degeneration, and congestion of the lungs, liver, and kidneys. (From The Merck Index, 11th ed)Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)TennesseeFuel Oils: Complex petroleum hydrocarbons consisting mainly of residues from crude oil distillation. These liquid products include heating oils, stove oils, and furnace oils and are burned to generate energy.Cyperaceae: The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)Gas, Natural: A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Rift Valley Fever: An acute infection caused by the RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS, an RNA arthropod-borne virus, affecting domestic animals and humans. In animals, symptoms include HEPATITIS; abortion (ABORTION, VETERINARY); and DEATH. In humans, symptoms range from those of a flu-like disease to hemorrhagic fever, ENCEPHALITIS, or BLINDNESS.Rift Valley fever virus: A mosquito-borne species of the PHLEBOVIRUS genus found in eastern, central, and southern Africa, producing massive hepatitis, abortion, and death in sheep, goats, cattle, and other animals. It also has caused disease in humans.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.

Cell wall arabinan is essential for guard cell function. (1/12)

Stomatal guard cells play a key role in the ability of plants to survive on dry land, because their movements regulate the exchange of gases and water vapor between the external environment and the interior of the plant. The walls of these cells are exceptionally strong and must undergo large and reversible deformation during stomatal opening and closing. The molecular basis of the unique strength and flexibility of guard cell walls is unknown. We show that degradation of cell wall arabinan prevents either stomatal opening or closing. This locking of guard cell wall movements can be reversed if homogalacturonan is subsequently removed from the wall. We suggest that arabinans maintain flexibility in the cell wall by preventing homogalacturonan polymers from forming tight associations.  (+info)

The effects of manipulating phospholipase C on guard cell ABA-signalling. (2/12)

Studies using stably transformed tobacco plants containing very low levels of PI-PLC in their guard cells show that this enzyme plays a role in the events associated with the inhibition of stomatal opening by ABA, but not in the cellular reactions that are responsible for ABA-induced stomatal closure. However, Commelina communis guard cells microinjected with the InsP3 antagonist, heparin, fail to close on addition of ABA. There are three possible explanations for this apparent data mismatch. The differences may be indicative of species-specific signalling pathways, the presence of a PI-PLC isoform(s) that is not down-regulated in these transgenic lines and/or they may reflect differences between short-term (acute) administration of an inhibitor and long-term (chronic) effects of gene manipulation. It is possible that the guard cell is a robust signalling system that is able to adapt or compensate for the chronic loss of PI-PLC, but which is unable to adjust quickly to acute loss of this component. It would be interesting to investigate this possibility further using either transient manipulation of gene expression or through the use of an inducible promoter.  (+info)

Comparative structure and pollen production of the stamens and pollinator-deceptive staminodes of Commelina coelestis and C. dianthifolia (Commelinaceae). (3/12)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Flowers of Commelina coelestis and C. dianthifolia provide pollen alone as a floral reward, and rely on visual cues to attract pollinators. Three stamen types, all producing pollen, occur in each of these species: two cryptically coloured lateral stamens, a single cryptically coloured central stamen and three bright yellow staminodes that sharply contrast with the blue to purple corolla. The objective was to compare the stamen structure and pollen characteristics of each of the three stamen types, and to test the hypothesis that the staminodes are poor contributors of viable pollen for the siring of seed. The pollination roles of the three stamen types and the breeding systems of both species were also explored. METHODS: Light, fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy were utilized to examine stamen morphology and pollen structure and viability. Controlled hand pollinations were used to explore the breeding system of each species. Filament and style lengths were measured to investigate herkogamy and autogamy. KEY RESULTS: Pollen from all stamen morphs is viable, but staminode pollen has significantly lower viability. Pollen polymorphism exists both (a) between the lateral and central stamens and the staminodes, and (b) within each anther. Lateral and central stamens have thicker endothecia with a greater number of secondary cell wall thickenings than the staminodes. CONCLUSIONS: Both species are entomophilous and facultatively autogamous. Lateral stamen pollen is important for cross-pollination, central stamen pollen is utilized by both species as a pollinator reward and for delayed autogamy in C. dianthifolia, and the staminodes mimic, by means of both colour and epidermal features, large amounts of pollen to attract insects to the flowers. Pollen from all three anther morphs is capable of siring seed, although staminode pollen is inferior. The thin staminode endothecium with fewer secondary thickenings retards staminode dehiscence.  (+info)

Lateral diffusion of CO2 in leaves is not sufficient to support photosynthesis. (4/12)

Lateral diffusion of CO(2) was investigated in photosynthesizing leaves with different anatomy by gas exchange and chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging using grease to block stomata. When one-half of the leaf surface of the heterobaric species Helianthus annuus was covered by 4-mm-diameter patches of grease, the response of net CO(2) assimilation rate (A) to intercellular CO(2) concentration (C(i)) indicated that higher ambient CO(2) concentrations (C(a)) caused only limited lateral diffusion into the greased areas. When single 4-mm patches were applied to leaves of heterobaric Phaseolus vulgaris and homobaric Commelina communis, chlorophyll a fluorescence images showed dramatic declines in the quantum efficiency of photosystem II electron transport (measured as F(q)'/F(m)') across the patch, demonstrating that lateral CO(2) diffusion could not support A. The F(q)'/F(m)' values were used to compute images of C(i) across patches, and their dependence on C(a) was assessed. At high C(a), the patch effect was less in C. communis than P. vulgaris. A finite-volume porous-medium model for assimilation rate and lateral CO(2) diffusion was developed to analyze the patch images. The model estimated that the effective lateral CO(2) diffusion coefficients inside C. communis and P. vulgaris leaves were 22% and 12% of that for free air, respectively. We conclude that, in the light, lateral CO(2) diffusion cannot support appreciable photosynthesis over distances of more than approximately 0.3 mm in normal leaves, irrespective of the presence or absence of bundle sheath extensions, because of the CO(2) assimilation by cells along the diffusion pathway.  (+info)

Species-dependent changes in stomatal sensitivity to abscisic acid mediated by external pH. (5/12)

The direct effects of pH changes and/or abscisic acid (ABA) on stomatal aperture were examined in epidermal strips of Commelina communis L. and Arabidopsis thaliana. Stomata were initially opened at pH 7 or pH 5. The stomatal closure induced by changes in external pH and/or ABA (10 microM or 10 nM) was monitored using video microscopy and quantified in terms of changes in stomatal area using image analysis software. Measurements of aperture area enabled stomatal responses and, in particular, small changes in stomatal area to be quantified reliably. Both plant species exhibited a biphasic closure response to ABA: an initial phase of rapid stomatal closure, followed by a second, more prolonged, phase during which stomata closure proceeded at a slower rate. Changes in stomatal sensitivity to ABA were also observed. Comparison of these effects between C. communis and A. thaliana demonstrate that this differential sensitivity of stomata to ABA is species-dependent, as well as being dependent on the pH of the extracellular environment.  (+info)

Osmotic effects on vacuolar ion release in guard cells. (6/12)

Tracer flux experiments in isolated guard cells of Commelina communis L. suggest that the vacuolar ion content is regulated and is reset to a reduced fixed point by abscisic acid (ABA) with no significant change in cytoplasmic content. The effects of changes in external osmotic pressure were investigated by adding and removing mannitol from the bathing solution. Two effects were distinguished. In the new steady state of volume and turgor, the vacuolar ion efflux was sensitive to turgor: efflux increased at high turgor and reduced at lower turgor after the addition of mannitol. These changes were inhibited by phenylarsine oxide and are likely to involve the same channel that is involved in the response to ABA. After a hypoosmotic transfer, there was an additional effect: a fast transient stimulation of vacuolar efflux during the period of water flow into the cell; the size of this hypopeak increased with the size of the hypoosmotic shock, with increased water flow. No corresponding transient in reduced vacuolar efflux was observed upon hyperosmotic transfer. The fast hypopeak was not inhibited by phenylarsine oxide and appears to involve a different ion channel from that involved in the resting efflux, the response to ABA, or the turgor sensitivity. Thus, the tonoplast can sense an osmotic gradient and respond to water flow into the vacuole by increased vacuolar ion efflux, thereby minimizing cytoplasmic dilution. An aquaporin is the most likely sensor and may also be involved in the signal transduction chain.  (+info)

Modification of leaf apoplastic pH in relation to stomatal sensitivity to root-sourced abscisic acid signals. (7/12)

The confocal microscope was used to determine the pH of the leaf apoplast and the pH of microvolumes of xylem sap. We quantified variation in leaf apoplast and sap pH in relation to changes in edaphic and atmospheric conditions that impacted on stomatal sensitivity to a root-sourced abscisic acid signal. Several plant species showed significant changes in the pH of both xylem sap and the apoplast of the shoot in response to environmental perturbation. Xylem sap leaving the root was generally more acidic than sap in the midrib and the apoplast of the leaf. Increasing the transpiration rate of both intact plants and detached plant parts resulted in more acidic leaf apoplast pHs. Experiments with inhibitors suggested that protons are removed from xylem sap as it moves up the plant, thereby alkalinizing the sap. The more rapid the transpiration rate and the shorter the time that the sap resided in the xylem/apoplastic pathway, the smaller the impact of proton removal on sap pH. Sap pH of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and Commelina communis did not change significantly as soil dried, while pH of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) sap increased as water availability in the soil declined. Increasing the availability of nitrate to roots also significantly alkalinized the xylem sap of tomato plants. This nitrogen treatment had the effect of enhancing the sensitivity of the stomatal response to soil drying. These responses were interpreted as an effect of nitrate addition on sap pH and closure of stomata via an abscisic acid-based mechanism.  (+info)

Structure of commelinin, a blue complex pigment from the blue flowers of Commelina communis. (8/12)

The X-ray crystal structure of natural commelinin is investigated. The results demonstrate that commelinin is a tetranuclear (4 Mg(2+)) metal complex, in which two Mg(2+) ions chelate to six anthocyanin molecules, while the other two Mg(2+) ions bind to six flavone molecules, stabilizing the commelinin complex, a new type of supramolecular complex.  (+info)

*Commelina

The Asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis) is probably the best known species in the West. It is a common weed in parts of ... Commelina is a genus of approximately 170 species commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. They are ... Several species, such as Commelina benghalensis, are eaten as a leaf vegetable in Southeast Asia and Africa. Plants in the ... Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press, p. 35 Qaiser, M.; Jafri, S.M.H. (1975), "Commelina benghalensis", in Ali, S.I.; Qaiser ...

*Commelina tuberosa

The species is sometimes considered to include the species Commelina coelestis, Commelina dianthifolia, and Commelina elliptica ... In this sense, Commelina tuberosa is a low-growing plant with long narrow leaves. Linnaeus (1753). "Commelina". Species ... Commelina tuberosa is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family native to Mexico but grown worldwide as an ornamental plant. ... When these are treated as separate, they are often referred to as the "Commelina tuberosa complex". Horticulturally, the ...

*Commelina diffusa

Within China, Commelina diffusa is used as a medicinal herb with febrifugal and diuretic effects. A dye is also obtained from ... Commelina diffusa is typically an annual herb, though it may be perennial in the tropics. It spreads diffusely, creeping along ... Commelina diffusa, sometimes known as the climbing dayflower or spreading dayflower, is a pantropical herbaceous plant in the ... Faden, Robert (2006), "Commelina diffusa", in Flora of North America Editorial Committee 1993+, Flora of North America online, ...

*Commelina ensifolia

"Commelina ensifolia". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Retrieved 21 August 2014. "Commelina ensifolia". Atlas of Living ... Commelina ensifolia, commonly known as scurvy weed, scurvy grass or wandering Jew, is an annual herb native to Australia, India ... ISBN 978-0-00-636571-6. "Commelina ensifolia". Discover Nature at JCU. James Cook University Australia. Retrieved 21 August ...

*Commelina cyanea

PlantNET, plant profile Commelina cyanea "Commelina cyanea R. Br". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre ... The genus name Commelina was chosen based on the Asiatic dayflower. Linnaeus picked the name in honour of the Dutch botanists ... Commelina cyanea was one of the many species initially described by the botanist Robert Brown in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae ... Commelina cyanea is a trailing herbaceous perennial plant, whose stems grow along the ground. It readily roots at the nodes ...

*Commelina virginica

... suggested that Commelina virginica is most closely related to two African species, namely Commelina capitata and Commelina ... "Commelina virginica". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2008-08-25. Faden, Robert (2006). "Commelina virginica". In ... Commelina virginica, commonly known as the Virginia dayflower, is a perennial herbaceous plant in the dayflower family. It is ... Media related to Commelina virginica at Wikimedia Commons Profile at Flora of Missouri Webpage. ...

*Commelina erecta

49-50 Media related to Commelina erecta at Wikimedia Commons Profile at Flora of Missouri Webpage Commelina erecta in West ... Commelina erecta is native to much of the world, including the Americas, Africa and western Asia. In the Americas it is present ... Commelina erecta, commonly known as the white mouth dayflower or slender dayflower, is a perennial herb native throughout the ... Faden, Robert (2006), "Commelina erecta", in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+, Flora of North America ...

*Commelina hockii

... is probably closely related to Commelina kituloensis, which shares a similar fruit type, the same tufted ... Commelina hockii is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family found primarily in Central Africa, from southwestern Tanzania ... Also, it is one of the only Commelina species known to leave a papery residue of dried fluid inside its spathes; normally only ... 1930). "Commelina". Contribution à l'étude de la Flore du Katanga, Supplément (PDF) (in French). 3. Bruxelles: D. Van ...

*Commelina dianthifolia

... , known as the birdbill dayflower, is a perennial herb native to Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, ... Commelina dianthifolia Delile - PLANTS Profile. USDA Retrieved 25 January 2011. Swank, George R. 1932 The Ethnobotany of the ...

*Commelina polhillii

A new species of Commelina (Commelinaceae) from Tanzania. Novon 11:16-21. Tropicos Faden, R.B. 1994. New species of Commelina ... Commelina polhillii is a plant species native to Tanzania, known only from the Iriniga and Mpanda Districts. It occurs in open ... Commelina polhillii is an annual herb with ascendent(=reclining for a while then turning upward) to decumbent (=trailing) stems ...

*Commelina kotschyi

This has led some researchers to suggest that Commelina kotschyi may have been only recently introduced to India. Commelina ... Commelina kotschyi is distributed across much of Africa, primarily in the east of the continent, and is also found in India. In ... Commelina kotschyi is a monocotyledonous, herbaceous plant in the dayflower family from Africa and India. This annual, blue- ... This makes it one of only two species of Commelina which occur in northeastern tropical Africa and India, but not on the ...

*Commelina fluviatilis

... revealed that Commelina fluviatilis forms a clade with Commelina purpurea and Commelina welwitschii. Both of these relatives ... Commelina fluviatilis is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family found primarily in Central Africa. It is known from ... A New Species of Commelina from South Tropical Africa". Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München. 6 (2): 253-255. ...

*Commelina maculata

... is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family found in India, Burma, Bhutan, and southern China. It is most ... The species is very similar to Commelina paludosa, and further study is needed to recognize the boundary between the two. The ... 1851) Hong, Deyuan; DeFillipps, Robert A. (2000), "Commelina maculata", in Wu, Z. Y.; Raven, P.H.; Hong, D.Y., Flora of China, ...

*Commelina zenkeri

... is a plant species native to tropical Africa. It is known from Uganda and Cameroon. Unconfirmed reports place ... It grows on rocky hillsides in evergreen tropical forests at elevations up to 1300 m. Commelina zenkeri is a perennial herb up ... New or misunderstood species of Commelina (Commelinaceae) from the Flora of Tropical East Africa and the Flora Zambesiaca areas ...

*Commelina benghalensis

Media related to Commelina benghalensis at Wikimedia Commons Commelina benghalensis in West African plants - A Photo Guide.. ... Commelina benghalensis is a wide-ranging plant, being native to tropical and subtropical Asia and Africa, an area otherwise ... Commelina benghalensis, commonly known as the Benghal dayflower, tropical spiderwort, or wandering Jew, kanshira in Bengali, is ... It was introduced separately to California in the 1980s, making it the only introduced species of Commelina in the western ...

*Commelina caroliniana

Faden determined that Commelina caroliniana must have been introduced and made Commelina hasskarlii a synonym of it. Commelina ... In 1881, Charles Baron Clarke began to treat it as a synonym of Commelina diffusa, then known as Commelina nudiflora. In the ... Commelina diffusa). They measure 1.2 to 3 cm in length, and rarely up to 3.7 cm long, by 0.5 to 1 cm in width. Their margins ... Commelina caroliniana is native to India and Bangladesh. It was introduced to South Carolina via the port of Charleston in or ...

*Commelina lukei

Neither Commelina imberbis nor Commelina mascarenica is most closely related to Commelina lukei. A third similar species, ... Commelina lukei was previously confused with the similar species Commelina imberbis. While a number of morphological characters ... Described in 2008, the species was previously confused with Commelina mascarenica and Commelina imberbis. Despite this ... Commelina lukei had been informally recognised as a distinct species for some time, particularly when it was observed in the ...

*Commelina mascarenica

It had formerly been confused with the closely related species Commelina imberbis and Commelina lukei, the latter occurring ... Commelina mascarenica is a monocotyledonous, herbaceous plant in the dayflower family from East Africa. This pale blue-flowered ... Faden, Robert B. (2008), "Commelina mascarenica (Commelinaceae), an overlooked Malagasy species in Africa" (PDF), Adansonia, 3 ... 30 (1): 47-55 Faden, Robert B. (2008), "New Species of Commelina (Commelinaceae) from East and South-central Africa", Novon, 18 ...

*Commelina orchidophylla

Commelina sphaerorhizoma is found in south-central Africa and is currently known only from the southerneastern part of the ... Commelina orchidophylla was first described in 2009 in the Belgian journal Systematics and Geography of Plants along with ... Commelina orchidophylla is a monocotyledonous, herbaceous plant in the dayflower family from south-central Africa. This blue- ... Faden, Robert B.; Layton, Daniel J.; Figueiredo, Estrela (2009), "Three new species of Commelina (Commelinaceae) from south- ...

*Commelina sphaerorrhizoma

Only two other species of Commelina, namely Commelina welwitschii and Commelina crassicaulis, have rhizomes similar to ... "Commelina sp. 5". It is unclear which of the other 170 or so species of Commelina is closely related to Commelina ... Because Commelina sphaerorrhizoma is the only Commelina with unfused spathes, blue flowers, trivalved capsules and one-seeded ... Commelina sphaerorhizoma is found in south-central Africa and is currently known from an area larger than 10,000 square ...

*Commelina communis

Wenceslas Bojer described what he believed were two new species, Commelina barabata and Commelina salicifolia, in his work ... "Commelina communis", in Li; et al., Flora of Taiwan, 5, p. 164 Faden, Robert (2006), "Commelina communis", in Flora of North ... Commelina communis var. ludens was created by C.B. Clarke after demoting it from the full species status in which it was placed ... Commelina communis was first described in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus in the first edition of his Species Plantarum, along with eight ...

*Commelina welwitschii

... revealed that Commelina welwitschii forms a clade with Commelina purpurea and Commelina fluviatilis. Both of these relatives ... Although it has yellow flowers, this study did not find a close relationship with Commelina capitata or Commelina africana, the ... points out that Commelina welwitschii is one of only three species in the genus to have bead-like rhizomes along with Commelina ... Commelina welwitschii is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family found in Southern Africa from Zimbabwe to Angola. A ...

*Commelina grossa

... is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family found in the East and Southern African countries of Tanzania, ... These features suggest it may be related to Commelina schweinfurthii and its allies, which share many of the same floral ...

*Commelina forskaolii

... , sometimes known as rat's ear, is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family native to much of Africa, ...

*Commelina mosaic virus

See Figures 1 and 3 in reference 3.) Symptoms and Inclusions of Commelina mosaic virus in Commelina diffusa. (Potyviruses make ... Commelina mosaic virus was first reported in 1977 and was the first Potyvirus found infecting a member of the plant family, ... Commelina mosaic virus (CoMV) is a plant pathogenic virus in the genus Potyvirus and the virus family Potyviridae. Like other ... Characterization and Electron Microscopy of a Potyvirus Infecting Commelina diffusa. Phytopathology 67:839-843, 1977 C.A.Baker ...
This investigation looks at the function of stomata in transpiration, with a focus on how osmosis and the state of turgor in guard cells affects the opening and closing of stomata. It will also develop students microscope skills.
Guard cells of stomata are characterized by ordered bundles of microtubules radiating from the ventral side toward the dorsal side of the cylindrical cell. It was suggested that microtubules play a role in directing the radial arrangement of the cellulose micro-fibrils of guard cells. However, the role of microtubules in daily cycles of opening and closing of stomata is not clear. The organization of microtubules in guard cells of Commelina communis leaves was studied by analysis of three-dimensional immunofluorescent images. It was found that while guard cell microtubules in the epidermis of leaves incubated in the light were organized in parallel, straight and dense bundles, in the dark they were less straight and oriented randomly near the stomatal pore. The effect of blue and red light on the organization of guard cell microtubules resembled the effects of white light and dark respectively. When stomata were induced to open in the dark with fusicoccin, microtubules remained in the dark ...
Ca2+ is implicated as a second messenger in the response of stomata to a range of stimuli. However, the mechanism by which stimulus-induced increases in guard cell cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) are transduced into different physiological responses remains to be explained. Oscillations in [Ca2+]i may provide one way in which this can occur. We used photometric and imaging techniques to examine this hypothesis in guard cells of Commelina communis. External Ca2+ ([Ca2+]e), which causes an increase in [Ca2+]i, was used as a closing stimulus. The total increase in [Ca2+]i was directly related to the concentration of [Ca2+]e, both of which correlated closely with the degree of stomatal closure. Increases were oscillatory in nature, with the pattern of the oscillations dependent on the concentration of [Ca2+]e. At 0.1 mM, [Ca2+]e induced symmetrical oscillations. In contrast, 1.0 mM [Ca2+]e induced asymmetric oscillations. Oscillations were stimulus dependent and modulated by changing [Ca2+]e. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Synergistic effect of light and fusicoccin on stomatal opening. T2 - Epidermal peel and patch clamp experiments. AU - Assmann, Sarah M.. AU - Schwartz, Amnon. PY - 1992/1/1. Y1 - 1992/1/1. N2 - Upon incubation of epidermal peels of Commelina communis in 1 millimolar KCl, a synergistic effect of light and low fusicoccin (FC) concentrations on stomatal opening is observed. In 1 millimolar KCl, stomata remain closed even in the light. However, addition of 0.1 micromolar FC results in opening up to 12 micrometers. The same FC concentration stimulates less than 5 micrometers of opening in darkness. The synergistic effect (a) decreases with increasing FC or KCl concentrations; (b) is dark-reversible; (c) like stomatal opening in high KCl concentrations (120 millimolar) is partially inhibited by the K+ channel blocker, tetraethylammonium+ (20 millimolar). In whole-cell patch-clamp experiments with guard cell protoplasts of Vicia faba, FC (1 or 10 micromolar) stimulates an increase in ...
Weed control in smallholder farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa is labour intensive or costly. Many researchers have therefore advocated for the use of cover crops in weed management as an affordable alternative for smallholders. Cover crops may be grown in rotations to suppress weeds and reduce the reliance on herbicides. The use of cover crops creates microenvironments that are either conducive or inhibitive to the emergence of certain weed species. A study, initiated in 2008 in contrasting soils at four different locations of Zimbabwe, investigated the effect of maize (Zea mays L.)-cover crop rotations on the emergence of weeds that showed dominance in those soils. Weed assessments were however, carried out from 2011 to 2014. The weed species Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Commelina benghalensis L., and Richardia scabra L. showed dominance in all four locations with weed densities as high as 500 plants m−2 being recorded for R. scabra L. in a sandy soil. Maize-cover crop rotations resulted in ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Description of plant communities. The study area is mostly open grassland, with scattered fynbos communities either on rocky outcrops, on the summit plateau area or concentrated on the steep slopes and cliffs of Platberg on the sandstone of the Clarens formation. Little disturbance from grazing is evident, with no record of agricultural practice on the plateau of Platberg. There are some clusters and scattered individuals of the declared alien invasive tree species Pinus patula (species group E), having escaped from plantations established at lower altitudes and now being firmly ensconced on the footslopes and scattered on the summit plateau area.. The sclerophyllous vegetation is characterised by Passerina montana (species group M, Table 1), Cliffortia ramosissima (species group F, Table 1) and Cliffortia nitidula (species group P, Table 1). Common species throughout the study area include the forbs Hebenstretia dura, Watsonia lepida, Commelina africana, Oxalis obliquifolia, Senecio ...
Description of plant communities. The study area is mostly open grassland, with scattered fynbos communities either on rocky outcrops, on the summit plateau area or concentrated on the steep slopes and cliffs of Platberg on the sandstone of the Clarens formation. Little disturbance from grazing is evident, with no record of agricultural practice on the plateau of Platberg. There are some clusters and scattered individuals of the declared alien invasive tree species Pinus patula (species group E), having escaped from plantations established at lower altitudes and now being firmly ensconced on the footslopes and scattered on the summit plateau area.. The sclerophyllous vegetation is characterised by Passerina montana (species group M, Table 1), Cliffortia ramosissima (species group F, Table 1) and Cliffortia nitidula (species group P, Table 1). Common species throughout the study area include the forbs Hebenstretia dura, Watsonia lepida, Commelina africana, Oxalis obliquifolia, Senecio ...
The serpentine leaf miner is the larva of a fly, Liriomyza brassicae, in the family Agromyzidae, the leaf miner flies. It mines wild and cultivated plants, such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and Chinese broccoli. It is distributed in the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas. The life cycle of the fly is up to 21 days. It lays eggs in the leaf epidermis of host plants. Larvae hatch within four days. They are yellow or green and have three instars. It emerges from the pupa as an adult, a gray fly with black and yellow spots. The American serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii) is a closely related species, and Liriomyza huidobrensis is also known as the serpentine leafminer. Another member of the genus, Liriomyza commelinae occurs widely in the neotropics and pupates within the mine. It feeds mainly on plants within the genus Commelina. "Species Liriomyza brassicae - Serpentine leaf miner". BugGuide. Retrieved 9 July 2017. Liriomyza brassicae (Riley). Crop Knowledge Master. University of ...
Alum root - He prepares a mush from its leaves and uses it as an astringent. He also mixes it with apoplappus and applies it with the aid of a heated stone to an aching tooth.. Amaranthus - For the relief of itching.. Apoplappus (Goldenweeds ) -See Alum root.. Artemisia - For skin wounds, boils, and burns.. Atriplex - To stop itching and cure warts.. Barberry - A tonic for stiff joints.. Brickellia - For colds, flu, coughs, and tuberculosis.. Butterweeds - To relieve rheumatism, which he ascribes to improper contact with menstruating women. Women develop joint trouble because of menstruation. The Navajo word for menstruation, rheumatism, and hunchback is the same, with only a slight difference in accent.. Blue-eyed grass, aster, silkweed - In pulverized form to cure eye sores.. Buttercup and Cordylanthus ramosus - The powder is taken with water every morning for syphilis.. Chenopoduim (Pigweed ) - Used for purging.. Cirisium - Infusion drops for eye diseases.. Commelina - Aphrodisiac for ...
Hypena obacerralis is a moth of the family Noctuidae. It is found throughout Africa, the Middle East and South Asia (India, Sri Lanka) and Malaysia. Wingspan is about 24-30mm. Fore wings much broader. The outer margin less oblique. Raised tufts are slight. Body pale or dark greyish reddish brown. Fore wings slightly irrorated with dark scales. There are traces of an antemedial waved line and a dark speck in the cell present. An oblique slightly sinuous rusty line runs from the costa before apex to middle of inner margin. Traces of an oblique dark line can be seen from the apex, often with a more or less complete dark specks series found on it. Abdomen and hind wings fuscous. Body color slightly paler or darker according to the region. Larva known to feed on Commelina pacifica plants. "Distribution of Hypena ferriscitalis". Afromoths. Retrieved 27 August 2016. "Snout Moth (Hypena obacerralis)". southafricaninsects. Retrieved 27 August 2016. Hampson G. F. (1892). "The Fauna Of British India ...
The mechanisms of stomatal sensitivity to CO2 are yet to be fully understood. The role of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic factors in stomatal responses to CO2 was investigated in wild-type barley (Hordeum vulgare var. Graphic) and in a mutant (G132) with decreased photochemical and Rubisco capacities. The CO2 and DCMU responses of stomatal conductance (gs), gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and levels of ATP, with a putative transcript for stomatal opening were analysed. G132 had greater gs than the wild-type, despite lower photosynthesis rates and higher intercellular CO2 concentrations (Ci). The mutant had Rubisco-limited photosynthesis at very high CO2 levels, and higher ATP contents than the wild-type. Stomatal sensitivity to CO2 under red light was lower in G132 than in the wild-type, both in photosynthesizing and DCMU-inhibited leaves. Under constant Ci and red light, stomatal sensitivity to DCMU inhibition was higher in G132. The levels of a SLAH3-like slow anion channel ...
27 accessions of Vicia benghalensisfrom different geographical origins constitute the pool on which the present study was performed. Genetic variation among the samples was biochemically and...
Klughammer, B., Benz, B., Betz, M., Thume, M., & Dietz, K. - J. (1992). Reconstitution of vacuolar ion channels into planar lipid bilayers. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1104(2), 308-316. doi:10.1016/0005-2736(92)90045- ...
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive series is the first work ever to illustrate and deal in detail with all the living species of birds.
One specimen lived 10.4 years in captivity [0669]. It has been reported that these animals can live up to 30.4 years in captivity [0979], but this has not been verified. ...
Sancte Michael Archangele, defende nos in proelio; contra nequitiam et insidias diaboli esto praesidium. Imperat illi Deus; supplices deprecamur: tuque, Princeps militiae coelestis, Satanam aliosque spiritus malignos, qui ad perditionem animarum pervagantur in mundo, divina virtute in infernum detrude. Amen ...
Sancte Michael Archangele, defende nos in proelio; contra nequitiam et insidias diaboli esto praesidium. Imperat illi Deus; supplices deprecamur: tuque, Princeps militiae coelestis, Satanam aliosque spiritus malignos, qui ad perditionem animarum pervagantur in mundo, divina virtute in infernum detrude. Amen ...
Suresh Forestry Network are leading Manufacturer & Supplier of Ficus Benghalensis Plant in Chikkaballapur Karnataka India, Ficus Benghalensis Plant Manufacturer in Chikkaballapur , Wholesale Ficus Benghalensis Plant Supplier, Ficus Benghalensis Plant Wholesaler Trader
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with the level of control ...
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with the level of control ...
Background and aims: Medicinal plant products are considered to be an effective candidate against the number of viral diseases as generally observed or reported in developing countries. As per the literature, secondary metabolites (i.e. Alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins etc.) are reported in medicinal plant products and showed its antiviral properties. In this study, our group focused on those medicinal plants especially roots of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa related to New castle Disease Virus (NDV) and Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) having in vitro antiviral activity. These studies were conducted on the human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Methods: For antimicrobial studies, different medicinal plant products especially roots of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa were collected from Vidya Pratishthans garden, School of Biotechnology, Baramati. These medicinal plant leaves are used in the form of aqueous extract and determined its anti-microbial activity against poultry viruses
POTENTIAL ACCELERATING EFFECT OF Ageratum conyzoides L. LEAVES EXTRACT ON FIBROBLASTS DENSITY OF INCISION WOUND OF MALE WHITE MICE (Mus musculus)
Setiap orang pasti pernah mengalami berbagai macam luka dalam hidupnya. Proses yang kemudian terjadi adalah penyembuhan luka. Povidone iodine merupakan obat paling sering digunakan untuk mengobati luka, tetapi sering menimbulkan reaksi hipersensitivitas. Daun babandotan (Ageratum conyzoides L.) mengandung berbagai kandungan kimia dan senyawa aktif yang berkhasiat untuk mempercepat penyembuhan luka. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui rerata lama penyembuhan luka hingga luka menutup dengan sempurna pada mencit. Metodologi penelitian bersifat eksperimental laboratorik, menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Penelitian ini menggunakan 25 ekor mencit Swiss Webster jantan yang dibagi menjadi lima kelompok perlakuan yaitu ekstrak etanol daun babandotan dalam ointment (EBO) dengan konsentrasi 6,25%, 12,5%, dan 25%, vaseline album(ointment) sebagai kontrol, dan povidone iodine ointment sebagai pembanding. Pemberian perlakuan dengan cara mengoleskan obat pada sayatan luka satu kali sehari secara ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ficus benghalensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 09-Oct-10 ...
從清朝 日治時代直到現在3台灣的鳳梨品系一直都一樣嗎?當然不是囉(最早的鳳梨被稱為「在來種「3後來日治時代為了製作罐頭方便3從夏威夷引進了開英種4到了1980年以後3因為罐頭外銷敵不過競爭3台灣的鳳梨改為內銷且以鮮食為主3為了挽救鳳梨產業3農改場 農試所便培育出各種不同適合鮮食的鳳梨4包括不用削皮可以直接剝來吃的釋迦鳳梨(台農4號(3最適合在秋冬生產的冬蜜鳳梨(台農13號(3有特殊香氣的香水鳳梨(台農11號(3以及因為果肉乳白色被稱為牛奶鳳梨的台農20號等 ...
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally ...
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally ...
Samples of two Ageratum conyzoides, one Sonchus oleraceus and one turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) exhibiting virus-like symptoms were collected from Pakistan and Nepal. Full-length begomovirus clones were obtained from the four plant samples and betasatellite clones from three of these. The begomovirus sequences were shown to be isolates of Ageratum enation virus (AEV) with greater than 89.1% nucleotide sequence identity to the 26 AEV sequences available in the databases. The three betasatellite sequences were shown to be isolates of Ageratum yellow leaf curl betasatellite (AYLCB) with greater than 90% identity to the 18 AYLCB sequences available in the databases. The AEV sequences were shown to fall into two distinct strains, for which the names Nepal (consisting of isolates from Nepal, India, and Pakistan-including the isolates identified here) and India (isolates occurring only in India) strains are proposed. For the clones obtained from two AEV isolates, with their AYLCB, infectivity was shown by
Citation: Spigler, R.B., Lewers, K.S., Main, D., Ashman, T.L. 2008. Genetic mapping of sex determination in octoploid strawberry. Plant and Animal Genome Conference Proceedings. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Wild strawberry species exhibit a range of breeding systems including hermaphroditism, dioecy, and gynodioecy. Breeders of cultivated strawberry, Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier, prefer self-pollinating hermaphrodites, but major sources of pest resistance are the wild octoploid progenitor species, F. virginiana Mill. and F. chiloensis (L.) Mill, which are sexually dimorphic. Therefore, a program that can isolate genomic regions controlling sex expression from other desirable traits may facilitate strawberry breeding and further our understanding of sex expression. To identify regions controlling sex expression in Fragaria L., we developed a mapping population from a cross between a female and a low-fruiting hermaphrodite, both F. virginiana. At each of two locations ...
Detail záznamu - Accumulation of Y-specific satellite DNAs during the evolution of Rumex acetosa sex chromosomes - Detail záznamu - Knihovna Akademie věd České republiky
396. Ageratum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 839. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 363. 1754. [Greek a, not, and geras, old age, apparently alluding to long-lasting nature of flowers] Guy L. Nesom Annuals and perennials, mostly 20-120 cm. Stems often decumbent (rooting at proximal nodes), sparsely to densely branched. Leaves cauline; all or mostly opposite; petiolate; blades mostly 1-nerved, deltate to ovate, or elliptic to lanceolate, margins entire or toothed, faces glabrous or ± pilose, puberulent, or strigoso-hispid, sometimes gland-dotted. Heads discoid, in dense to open, cymiform to corymbiform arrays. Involucres campanulate, 3-6 mm. Phyllaries persistent, 30-40 in 2-3 series, usually 2-nerved, lanceolate, ± equal (often indurate, margins scarious). Receptacles conic, epaleate [paleate]. Florets 20-125; corollas white or bluish to lavender, throats ± campanulate (lengths 2 times diams.); styles: bases not enlarged, glabrous, branches ± linear to clavate (usually papillose and dilated distally). Cypselae ...
Browse and Shop Ageratum Online - Annuals from Garden Crossings - We are a family owned small business specializing in high quality, locally grown garden plants here in West Michigan.
All contents Copyright 1999-2018 Genius Central and Natural Pantry. All rights reserved. This internet site is hosted by Genius Central, a Web site service provider to natural health stores nationwide. Genius Central and Natural Pantry have no means of independently evaluating the safety or functionality of the products offered by their suppliers and affiliates and thus can neither endorse nor recommend products. Information presented is of a general nature for educational and informational purposes only. Statements about products and health conditions have not been evaluated by the US Food and Drug Administration. Products and information presented herein are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent disease. If you have any concerns about your own health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional. Your use of this site indicates your agreement to be bound by our Terms and Conditions ...
It has become shown as a result of scientific research increasing numbers of successful folks have very sexually influenced minds.This is partially this can ability to be able to transmute their sexual electric power and approach energy which could normally be wasted, to more inventive outlets.You will discover other stimuli that help as their pharmicudical counterpart to are more creative and productive.Some can be seen since bad influences to many people but that may be really provided that they overindulge in them.There can be sex expression, love, wish to have fame along with fortune, romances, fear and additionally drugs, alcohol to name a small number of.Sex expression sometimes appears as the more powerful because of intensity and the way the software forces thoughts that they are ...
Ageratum are small plants grown as annuals with a dense growth habit. Flowers are rounded clusters borne from midsummer until first frost. Leaves are oval,
Affiliation:東京農工大学,(連合)農学研究科(研究院),客員教授, Research Field:Resource conservation science,系統・分類,Biodiversity/Systematics,Conservation of biological resources,生物資源科学, Keywords:保全,絶滅危惧種,絶滅危惧植物,染色体,Conservation,中国,分類,系統,DNA,琉球列島, # of Research Projects:8, # of Research Products:140, Ongoing Project:Studies on sex expression and pollination characteristics of overseas ancestral species for endemic plants in the Ogasawara Islands
from the hearing years back, it individuals instructor can tell with taking a look at society if they are expressed sexually within their lifetime. There is individuals quality out of aliveness as well as glow that he can identify while found or perhaps lost. I wondered how I appeared, those many years, when in my preceding commitment we were not sex with one another anyway. It was among the one aspects of your commitment it dont duty, in which we were not the best match. However Im able to witness nowadays, which our sex incompatibility bled to affect your on the whole lack of sooth, nice, intimate grounding while a couple, as well as fundamentally, your lack of connection to your authentic Self. It was it lost out of sex expression it fundamentally generated your divorce or separation. So, even as we think straight back about the concern that underway it discussion, doesnt that it seem evident there are frequent elements in most prospering loving relationships such as the ones that have ...
Description from Flora of China. Stems (2 or)3(or 4), 19-22 cm, with 1 leaf near middle or distally. Basal leaves 4-6(-12), forming a rosette; petiole 5-11 cm; leaf blade abaxially greenish, adaxially deep green, obovate or oblong-obovate, 2-4 × 1.5-2.6 cm, 5-7-veined with veins parallel in proximal 2/3, prominent abaxially, and impressed adaxially, base cuneate, apex rounded, often obtusely apiculate. Cauline leaf sessile, semiamplexicaul, ovate or broadly so, 1.2-2 × 1.5-2.4 cm, base subcordate, often with several rusty brown appendages. Flower ca. 2.4 cm in diam.; hypanthium turbinate. Sepals adaxially densely purple-brown punctate, ovate or oblong, ca. 6 × 3-4 mm, margin sparsely denticulate, apex acute. Petals white, densely purple-brown punctate on both surfaces, oblong or obovate, ca. 1.2 cm × 4-5 mm, 5-veined basally, base cuneate, margin long fimbriate proximally, entire or undulate distally. Anthers ellipsoid, ca. 3.5 mm; filaments ca. 6 mm; staminodes flat, ca. 5 mm, 3-5-lobed, ...
Nightshade (Alona coelestis) in flower. 1855 illustration of a nightshade (family Solanaceae) plant in flower, entitled Alone a fleurs bleu ciel (Nolanees). - Stock Image C033/8303
Background: Aconitum napellus (Acn) is used topically to relieve pain, itching and inflammation, and internally to reduce febrile states, among others. Any circadian time-related consequences of Acn administration are unknown. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of two doses of Acn on body temperature (BT) of mice treated at six different times over 24 hours. Materials and Methods: BALB/c female mice were housed in six chambers (six mice each) with air temperature 24 ± 3°C, humidity 60 ± 4%, and a 12-hours light (L)/12-hours dark cycle, but with L-onset staggered by 4 hours between chambers so that study at one external test time resulted in six test times (02, 06, 10, 14, 18 and 22 hours [h] after light onset). Rectal temperature (RT; in °C) was measured at baseline (B) and 1 hour after oral treatment with placebo (P) or two doses of Acn (6C and 30C, two studies each) in six studies over an 8 day span. The difference in RT for each mouse from the respective B + P ...
Sorrel From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Common sorrel or garden sorrel (Rumex acetosa), often simply called sorrel, is a perennial herb in the family Polygonaceae. Other names for sorrel include spinach dock and narrow-leaved dock. It is a common plant in grassland habitats and is cultivated as a garden herb or salad vegetable (pot herb)…
Description: Shrub or small tree to 8 m high, dioecious, glabrous. Leaves opposite or occasionally alternate, obovate to elliptic or oblong, mostly 2.7-15 cm long, 0.4-7 cm wide, glossy; margin crenate; apex acute to rounded; petiole 4-10 mm long. Flowers in few-flowered axillary cymes; peduncle to 12 mm long; pedicel 3-7 mm long. Calyx unequally 4-lobed. Corolla of 4 petals, each c. 2.5 mm long, yellowish green. Male flowers with disc 4-angled; stamens 4, inserted on disc margin. Female flowers with staminodes 4, inserted on margin of slightly indented disc; ovary 2-locular. Fruits more or less ellipsoid to oblong-ovoid, fleshy, 10-25 mm long, orange-red; seed 1. ...
Es wird über die Bestimmung der Strömungsgeschwindigkeit in kleinsten peripheren Arterien berichtet. Mit Hilfe einer Eastman-Kodak-Hochfrequenzkamera wird in die Arteria carotis communis injiziertes...
Read "Cloning and characterization of the calreticulin gene from Ricinus communis L., Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Recipes : H(013) ulcers, very good ointment against H(004) wounds of bad character, 500gr of each : Ageratum conyzoides (herbe of bouc pounded), Cassia occidentalis (cassepuante), Leucas aspera (madame tombé), Sigesbeckia orientalis (herbe de flacq), Dodonaea viscosa (bois of reinette), Cleome viscosa (pissat of chien), Ocimum gratissimum (basilic rouge) , extract the juice, all must provide 4 bottles + 250 gr of molten resin of Calophyllum tacamahaca (tamaka), 60 gr oil of Atylosia scarabaeoides (pistache) or oil of Sesamum indicum (gingeli) , of 60 gr of white wax, Mix all add to the end of 60 grams of gasoline turpentine. Put in jars ...
Natalie Dahan, a Junior majoring in Biology/Pre-Med and minoring in Africana Studies, presented her research entitled "Starving to be Heard" at the National Council for Black Studies (NCBS) Conference in Houston, Texas on Friday, March 10, 2017. Read more. ...

Commelina cyanea - WikipediaCommelina cyanea - Wikipedia

a b c d e PlantNET, plant profile Commelina cyanea *^ a b "Commelina cyanea R. Br". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS ... Commelina cyanea is pollinated by a variety of native bees such as Nomia aurantifer, Amegilla pulchra, halictid and colletid ... Commelina cyanea, commonly known as scurvy weed, is a perennial prostrate herb of the family Commelinaceae native to moist ... Commelina cyanea was one of the many species initially described by the botanist Robert Brown in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commelina_cyanea

Commelina eckloniana - WikispeciesCommelina eckloniana - Wikispecies

Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Commelina_eckloniana&oldid=5873625" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commelina_eckloniana

Commelina arenicola - WikispeciesCommelina arenicola - Wikispecies

Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Commelina_arenicola&oldid=5873510" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commelina_arenicola

Commelina coelestis, flower imageCommelina coelestis, flower image

... identification and distribution of Commelina coelestis, flower image ... Commelina coelestis, flower. click on image to enlarge. © Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 Email full-size image and text title. ... IM/I_HLV/0006/320/Commelina_coelestis,_flower,I_HLV681.jpg. width=240 x height=320 pixels; size=17069 bytes Discover Life , Top ...
more infohttp://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20p?see=I_HLV681

Commelina - WikipediaCommelina - Wikipedia

The Asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis) is probably the best known species in the West. It is a common weed in parts of ... Commelina is a genus of approximately 170 species commonly called dayflowers due to the short lives of their flowers. They are ... Several species, such as Commelina benghalensis, are eaten as a leaf vegetable in Southeast Asia and Africa. Plants in the ... Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press, p. 35 Qaiser, M.; Jafri, S.M.H. (1975), "Commelina benghalensis", in Ali, S.I.; Qaiser ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commelina

Commelina echinulata - Overview - Encyclopedia of LifeCommelina echinulata - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life

No one has contributed data records for Commelina echinulata yet. Learn how to contribute. ...
more infohttp://eol.org/pages/1122766/overview

Commelina umbellata - Overview - Encyclopedia of LifeCommelina umbellata - Overview - Encyclopedia of Life

No one has contributed data records for Commelina umbellata yet. Дізнайтеся, як робити внесок. ...
more infohttp://eol.org/pages/1122631/overview

Commelina tuberosa - WikipediaCommelina tuberosa - Wikipedia

The species is sometimes considered to include the species Commelina coelestis, Commelina dianthifolia, and Commelina elliptica ... In this sense, Commelina tuberosa is a low-growing plant with long narrow leaves. Linnaeus (1753). "Commelina". Species ... Commelina tuberosa is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family native to Mexico but grown worldwide as an ornamental plant. ... When these are treated as separate, they are often referred to as the "Commelina tuberosa complex". Horticulturally, the ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commelina_tuberosa

Plants Profile for Commelina dianthifolia (birdbill dayflower)Plants Profile for Commelina dianthifolia (birdbill dayflower)

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Commelina thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Commelina dianthifolia . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CODI4

Plants Profile for Commelina nigritana (African dayflower)Plants Profile for Commelina nigritana (African dayflower)

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Commelina nigritana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CONI4

Commelina | definition of commelina by Medical dictionaryCommelina | definition of commelina by Medical dictionary

... commelina explanation free. What is commelina? Meaning of commelina medical term. What does commelina mean? ... Looking for online definition of commelina in the Medical Dictionary? ... redirected from commelina). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to commelina: Commelina ... Anti-hyperglycemic activity of Commelina communis L.. Protective effect of homonojirimycin from Commelina communis (dayflower) ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/commelina

SEINet Portal Network - Commelina erectaSEINet Portal Network - Commelina erecta

Commelina erecta grows in temperate regions of North and Central America, as well as in tropical regions. This is by far the ... Etymology: Commelina was named after the three Dutch botanists in the Commelin family, Johann (1629-1698), Kasper (1667-1731), ... Etymology: Commelina honors the Dutch botanists Jan (1629-1692) and nephew Caspar (1667-1731) Commelijn; erecta refers to the ... Similar species: The similar Commelina communis is an annual with erect or decumbent stems, branches that often root at the ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxon=1124&clid=3121

Stomatal opening and closing in Commelina communisStomatal opening and closing in Commelina communis

SAPS - Stomatal opening and closing in commelina communis - Student Guide * SAPS - Stomatal opening and closing in commelina ... Commelina communis seeds are no longer commercially available. This resource is now archived on the STEM Learning site. ...
more infohttp://saps.org.uk/secondary/teaching-resources/104-stomata-function-guard-cells-and-transpiration

NameThatPlant.net: Commelina carolinianaNameThatPlant.net: Commelina caroliniana

Commelina caroliniana, Indian Dayflower. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3713 plants and 22,490 images. For many plants, ... Commelina caroliniana FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:. Commelina caroliniana FAMILY ... Commelina caroliniana FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933). Commelina ... Read about the original distribution of Commelina caroliniana from Alan Weakley and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. ...
more infohttp://www.namethatplant.net/plantdetail.shtml?plant=4224

NameThatPlant.net: Commelina erecta var. angustifoliaNameThatPlant.net: Commelina erecta var. angustifolia

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia FAMILY Commelinaceae LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 038-01-002:. Commelina ... Commelina erecta var. angustifolia FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:. ...
more infohttp://www.namethatplant.net/plantdetail.shtml?plant=3084

Role of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells. | Plant CellRole of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells. | Plant Cell

Role of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells.. S. Gilroy, M. D. Fricker, N. D. Read, A. J. Trewavas ... Role of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells. Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from Plant ... The role of cytosolic Ca2+ in signal transduction in stomatal guard cells of Commelina communis was investigated using ...
more infohttp://www.plantcell.org/content/3/4/333?ijkey=5524b9cca024ef34d97aaa6222f67ad4c34d409a&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Commelina communis - Species Page - ISB: Atlas of Florida PlantsCommelina communis - Species Page - ISB: Atlas of Florida Plants

Commelina ludens Commelina ludens Miquel, J. Bot. Neerl. 1: 88. 1861.. Commelina willdenovii Commelina willdenovii Kunth, Enum ... Commelina communis var. ludens Commelina communis Linnaeus, var. ludens (Miquel) C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. ... Commelina communis forma aureostriata Commelina communis Linnaeus, forma aureostriata MacKeever, Rhodora 63: 89. 1961.. TYPE: ...
more infohttp://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Plant.aspx?id=1780&display=photos

Photo 791-08: White phenotype of dayflower (Commelina) on Post...Creek Park. College Station, TexasPhoto 791-08: White phenotype of dayflower (Commelina) on Post...Creek Park. College Station, Texas

Commelina) on Post Oak Trail in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, September 7, 2009) ... ฟีโนไทป์สีขาวของ dayflower (Commelina) บนเส้นทางโอ๊คโพสต์ใน Lick Creek Park College Station, Texas, 7 กันยายน 2009 ... Белы фенатып Дейфлауэр (Commelina) на Ок Трейл Паведамленне ў Аблічча-Крык-Парк. Каледж Стейшн, штат Тэхас, 7 верасня 2009 г. ... Fenotip Putih dayflower (Commelina) di Oak
more infohttp://sergeev.us/pictures/archives/compress/2009/791/08.htm

Isolation and Characterisation of Bioactive Compounds from Commelina benghalensis Linn: Biological activity analysis of...Isolation and Characterisation of Bioactive Compounds from Commelina benghalensis Linn: Biological activity analysis of...

Isolation and Characterisation of Bioactive Compounds from Commelina benghalensis Linn: Biological activity analysis of ...
more infohttp://ulspace.ul.ac.za/handle/10386/941

CommelinaceaeCommelinaceae

... - Plant Classification Group - Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
more infohttps://www.purdue.edu/hla/sites/famine-foods/plant_group/commelinaceae/

Search alien species - NobanisSearch alien species - Nobanis

Commelina communis Common names: Gewöhnliche Commeline(AT), harilik kommeliin (EE), Paprastoji komelina(LT), parastā komelīna( ...
more infohttps://www.nobanis.org/search-alien-species/?SpeciesQuery=Commelina

Ventures Bird Watching & Natural History ToursVentures Bird Watching & Natural History Tours

Dayflower (Commelina communis). Rosy Twisted- stalk (Streptopus roseus) fruit. Tall Bellflower (Campanula americanum). Heal All ...
more infohttp://www.birdventures.com/2016%20Trip%20Reports/WildflowersButterflies2016.html

Content tagged invasive plant - eXtensionContent tagged 'invasive plant' - eXtension

Commelina benghalensis, Benghal Dayflower Gardens & Landscapes Invasive Species Extension Master Gardener Updated: December 16 ...
more infohttps://articles.extension.org/category/invasive_plant

Massachusetts Prohibited Plant List | Mass.govMassachusetts Prohibited Plant List | Mass.gov

Commelina benghalensis. Bishops weed; goutweed. Aegopodium podagraria. black locust. Robinia pseudoacacia. black swallow-wort ...
more infohttps://www.mass.gov/service-details/massachusetts-prohibited-plant-list
  • The genus name Commelina was chosen based on the Asiatic dayflower. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina tuberosa is an herbaceous plant in the dayflower family native to Mexico but grown worldwide as an ornamental plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, the dendrogram showed species on undulating terrain and mesic sites such as birdbill dayflower Commelina dianthifolia, wolftail Lycurus phleoides, and annual candy leaf Stevia micrantha, which are typical of communities of P. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Photo 791-08: White phenotype of dayflower (Commelina) on Post. (sergeev.us)
  • White phenotype of dayflower (Commelina) on Post Oak Trail in Lick Creek Park . (sergeev.us)
  • White fenotipe van dayflower (Commelina) op Post Oak Trail in lek Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Phenotype bardhë e dayflower (Commelina) në Trail Post Oak Creek Park në mposht. (sergeev.us)
  • النمط الظاهري بيضاء dayflower (Commelina) على تريل اوك مشاركة في لعق حديقة الخور. (sergeev.us)
  • Սպիտակ phenotype եւ dayflower (Commelina) վրա Post կաղնի արահետը են լիզում Creek այգում. (sergeev.us)
  • Ildə Post Oak Trail üzrə dayflower (Commelina) ağ fenotip Creek Park Lick. (sergeev.us)
  • White dayflower (Commelina) Post Haritz Trail phenotype en Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Dayflower (Commelina) পোস্ট ওক লেজ উপর সাদা মধ্যে ফেনোটাইপ ক্রিক পার্ক লেহন. (sergeev.us)
  • Бялата фенотип на dayflower (Commelina) на Oak Мнение пътека в Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Fenotip blanc de dayflower (Commelina) a Oak Trail missatge en Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Bijela fenotip dayflower (Commelina) na post Hrast Staza u Lick Creek Parku. (sergeev.us)
  • Bílá fenotyp dayflower (Commelina) na trati v Oak příspěvek Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Hvid fænotype af dayflower (Commelina) på Post Oak Trail i Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Wit fenotype van dayflower (Commelina) op Post Oak Trail in Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Valge fenotüüp dayflower (Commelina) kohta Post Oak Trail Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Valkoinen fenotyyppi dayflower (Commelina) jälkeistä Oak Rengastietä Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Phénotype blanc de dayflower (Commelina) sur le sentier de Post Oak Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Fenótipo branco de dayflower (Commelina) en Oak Trail mensaxe no Lama Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • თეთრი phenotype საქართველოს dayflower (Commelina) წლის პოსტი მუხის ბილიკი წელს Lick Creek პარკი. (sergeev.us)
  • Weiß Phänotyp dayflower (Commelina) auf Post Oak Trail in Leck Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • પોસ્ટ ઓક ટ્રાયલ પર dayflower (Commelina) ના વ્હાઈટ માં ફેનોટાઇપ ક્રીક પાર્ક Lick. (sergeev.us)
  • Λευκό φαινότυπο της dayflower (Commelina) Διαδρομή Όουκ Δημοσίευση στο Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • White fenotipik nan dayflower (Commelina) sou Post Oak Trail nan Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • פנוטיפ לבן של dayflower (Commelina) על שביל Oak הודעה ב לקקי קריק פארק. (sergeev.us)
  • पोस्ट ओक ट्रेल पर dayflower (Commelina) के व्हाइट में phenotype चाटो क्रीक पार्क. (sergeev.us)
  • the developing lower petal is much larger than the upper petals in Cochliostema, Hardy & Stevenson, 2000a, Commelina , Hardy et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In this sense, Commelina tuberosa is a low-growing plant with long narrow leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Read about the original distribution of Commelina caroliniana from Alan Weakley and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. (namethatplant.net)