A plant genus of the family COMMELINACEAE of perennial herbs with blue flowers.
A genus of DNA plant viruses with bacilliform morphology. Transmission in clonally-propagated plants is by vegetative propagation of infected plant materials. Transmission in nature is by mealybugs, seeds, and pollen. The type species is Commelina yellow mottle virus.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that contains PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS. Yellow vein disease of Ageratum is caused by a viral DNA complex of a begomovirus (GEMINIVIRIDAE).
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The class of true jellyfish, in the phylum CNIDARIA. They are mostly free-swimming marine organisms that go through five stages in their life cycle and exhibit two body forms: polyp and medusa.
A plant genus of the family COMMELINACEAE that is used in genotoxic bioassays.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.
Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.
Tendency of fluids (e.g., water) to move from the less concentrated to the more concentrated side of a semipermeable membrane.
The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.
Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).
Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
A plant genus in the family Boraginaceae, order Lamiales, subclass Asteridae. This is the True Heliotrope that should not be confused with an unrelated plant sometimes called Garden Heliotrope (VALERIAN).
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
A formal financial agreement made between one or more physicians and a hospital to provide ambulatory alternative services to those patients who do not require hospitalization.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
Institutional funding for facilities and for equipment which becomes a part of the assets of the institution.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.
Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.

Cell wall arabinan is essential for guard cell function. (1/12)

Stomatal guard cells play a key role in the ability of plants to survive on dry land, because their movements regulate the exchange of gases and water vapor between the external environment and the interior of the plant. The walls of these cells are exceptionally strong and must undergo large and reversible deformation during stomatal opening and closing. The molecular basis of the unique strength and flexibility of guard cell walls is unknown. We show that degradation of cell wall arabinan prevents either stomatal opening or closing. This locking of guard cell wall movements can be reversed if homogalacturonan is subsequently removed from the wall. We suggest that arabinans maintain flexibility in the cell wall by preventing homogalacturonan polymers from forming tight associations.  (+info)

The effects of manipulating phospholipase C on guard cell ABA-signalling. (2/12)

Studies using stably transformed tobacco plants containing very low levels of PI-PLC in their guard cells show that this enzyme plays a role in the events associated with the inhibition of stomatal opening by ABA, but not in the cellular reactions that are responsible for ABA-induced stomatal closure. However, Commelina communis guard cells microinjected with the InsP3 antagonist, heparin, fail to close on addition of ABA. There are three possible explanations for this apparent data mismatch. The differences may be indicative of species-specific signalling pathways, the presence of a PI-PLC isoform(s) that is not down-regulated in these transgenic lines and/or they may reflect differences between short-term (acute) administration of an inhibitor and long-term (chronic) effects of gene manipulation. It is possible that the guard cell is a robust signalling system that is able to adapt or compensate for the chronic loss of PI-PLC, but which is unable to adjust quickly to acute loss of this component. It would be interesting to investigate this possibility further using either transient manipulation of gene expression or through the use of an inducible promoter.  (+info)

Comparative structure and pollen production of the stamens and pollinator-deceptive staminodes of Commelina coelestis and C. dianthifolia (Commelinaceae). (3/12)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Flowers of Commelina coelestis and C. dianthifolia provide pollen alone as a floral reward, and rely on visual cues to attract pollinators. Three stamen types, all producing pollen, occur in each of these species: two cryptically coloured lateral stamens, a single cryptically coloured central stamen and three bright yellow staminodes that sharply contrast with the blue to purple corolla. The objective was to compare the stamen structure and pollen characteristics of each of the three stamen types, and to test the hypothesis that the staminodes are poor contributors of viable pollen for the siring of seed. The pollination roles of the three stamen types and the breeding systems of both species were also explored. METHODS: Light, fluorescence and scanning electron microscopy were utilized to examine stamen morphology and pollen structure and viability. Controlled hand pollinations were used to explore the breeding system of each species. Filament and style lengths were measured to investigate herkogamy and autogamy. KEY RESULTS: Pollen from all stamen morphs is viable, but staminode pollen has significantly lower viability. Pollen polymorphism exists both (a) between the lateral and central stamens and the staminodes, and (b) within each anther. Lateral and central stamens have thicker endothecia with a greater number of secondary cell wall thickenings than the staminodes. CONCLUSIONS: Both species are entomophilous and facultatively autogamous. Lateral stamen pollen is important for cross-pollination, central stamen pollen is utilized by both species as a pollinator reward and for delayed autogamy in C. dianthifolia, and the staminodes mimic, by means of both colour and epidermal features, large amounts of pollen to attract insects to the flowers. Pollen from all three anther morphs is capable of siring seed, although staminode pollen is inferior. The thin staminode endothecium with fewer secondary thickenings retards staminode dehiscence.  (+info)

Lateral diffusion of CO2 in leaves is not sufficient to support photosynthesis. (4/12)

Lateral diffusion of CO(2) was investigated in photosynthesizing leaves with different anatomy by gas exchange and chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging using grease to block stomata. When one-half of the leaf surface of the heterobaric species Helianthus annuus was covered by 4-mm-diameter patches of grease, the response of net CO(2) assimilation rate (A) to intercellular CO(2) concentration (C(i)) indicated that higher ambient CO(2) concentrations (C(a)) caused only limited lateral diffusion into the greased areas. When single 4-mm patches were applied to leaves of heterobaric Phaseolus vulgaris and homobaric Commelina communis, chlorophyll a fluorescence images showed dramatic declines in the quantum efficiency of photosystem II electron transport (measured as F(q)'/F(m)') across the patch, demonstrating that lateral CO(2) diffusion could not support A. The F(q)'/F(m)' values were used to compute images of C(i) across patches, and their dependence on C(a) was assessed. At high C(a), the patch effect was less in C. communis than P. vulgaris. A finite-volume porous-medium model for assimilation rate and lateral CO(2) diffusion was developed to analyze the patch images. The model estimated that the effective lateral CO(2) diffusion coefficients inside C. communis and P. vulgaris leaves were 22% and 12% of that for free air, respectively. We conclude that, in the light, lateral CO(2) diffusion cannot support appreciable photosynthesis over distances of more than approximately 0.3 mm in normal leaves, irrespective of the presence or absence of bundle sheath extensions, because of the CO(2) assimilation by cells along the diffusion pathway.  (+info)

Species-dependent changes in stomatal sensitivity to abscisic acid mediated by external pH. (5/12)

The direct effects of pH changes and/or abscisic acid (ABA) on stomatal aperture were examined in epidermal strips of Commelina communis L. and Arabidopsis thaliana. Stomata were initially opened at pH 7 or pH 5. The stomatal closure induced by changes in external pH and/or ABA (10 microM or 10 nM) was monitored using video microscopy and quantified in terms of changes in stomatal area using image analysis software. Measurements of aperture area enabled stomatal responses and, in particular, small changes in stomatal area to be quantified reliably. Both plant species exhibited a biphasic closure response to ABA: an initial phase of rapid stomatal closure, followed by a second, more prolonged, phase during which stomata closure proceeded at a slower rate. Changes in stomatal sensitivity to ABA were also observed. Comparison of these effects between C. communis and A. thaliana demonstrate that this differential sensitivity of stomata to ABA is species-dependent, as well as being dependent on the pH of the extracellular environment.  (+info)

Osmotic effects on vacuolar ion release in guard cells. (6/12)

Tracer flux experiments in isolated guard cells of Commelina communis L. suggest that the vacuolar ion content is regulated and is reset to a reduced fixed point by abscisic acid (ABA) with no significant change in cytoplasmic content. The effects of changes in external osmotic pressure were investigated by adding and removing mannitol from the bathing solution. Two effects were distinguished. In the new steady state of volume and turgor, the vacuolar ion efflux was sensitive to turgor: efflux increased at high turgor and reduced at lower turgor after the addition of mannitol. These changes were inhibited by phenylarsine oxide and are likely to involve the same channel that is involved in the response to ABA. After a hypoosmotic transfer, there was an additional effect: a fast transient stimulation of vacuolar efflux during the period of water flow into the cell; the size of this hypopeak increased with the size of the hypoosmotic shock, with increased water flow. No corresponding transient in reduced vacuolar efflux was observed upon hyperosmotic transfer. The fast hypopeak was not inhibited by phenylarsine oxide and appears to involve a different ion channel from that involved in the resting efflux, the response to ABA, or the turgor sensitivity. Thus, the tonoplast can sense an osmotic gradient and respond to water flow into the vacuole by increased vacuolar ion efflux, thereby minimizing cytoplasmic dilution. An aquaporin is the most likely sensor and may also be involved in the signal transduction chain.  (+info)

Modification of leaf apoplastic pH in relation to stomatal sensitivity to root-sourced abscisic acid signals. (7/12)

The confocal microscope was used to determine the pH of the leaf apoplast and the pH of microvolumes of xylem sap. We quantified variation in leaf apoplast and sap pH in relation to changes in edaphic and atmospheric conditions that impacted on stomatal sensitivity to a root-sourced abscisic acid signal. Several plant species showed significant changes in the pH of both xylem sap and the apoplast of the shoot in response to environmental perturbation. Xylem sap leaving the root was generally more acidic than sap in the midrib and the apoplast of the leaf. Increasing the transpiration rate of both intact plants and detached plant parts resulted in more acidic leaf apoplast pHs. Experiments with inhibitors suggested that protons are removed from xylem sap as it moves up the plant, thereby alkalinizing the sap. The more rapid the transpiration rate and the shorter the time that the sap resided in the xylem/apoplastic pathway, the smaller the impact of proton removal on sap pH. Sap pH of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and Commelina communis did not change significantly as soil dried, while pH of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) sap increased as water availability in the soil declined. Increasing the availability of nitrate to roots also significantly alkalinized the xylem sap of tomato plants. This nitrogen treatment had the effect of enhancing the sensitivity of the stomatal response to soil drying. These responses were interpreted as an effect of nitrate addition on sap pH and closure of stomata via an abscisic acid-based mechanism.  (+info)

Structure of commelinin, a blue complex pigment from the blue flowers of Commelina communis. (8/12)

The X-ray crystal structure of natural commelinin is investigated. The results demonstrate that commelinin is a tetranuclear (4 Mg(2+)) metal complex, in which two Mg(2+) ions chelate to six anthocyanin molecules, while the other two Mg(2+) ions bind to six flavone molecules, stabilizing the commelinin complex, a new type of supramolecular complex.  (+info)

This investigation looks at the function of stomata in transpiration, with a focus on how osmosis and the state of turgor in guard cells affects the opening and closing of stomata. It will also develop students microscope skills.
The leaves are used as an edible vegetable. The leaves were used by early non-indigenous colonists to alleviate scurvy, and hence its common name.[9] Attractive in flower, Commelina cyanea adapts readily to cultivation and can be grown as a groundcover or in hanging baskets. It is easily propagated from cuttings.[10] It does resemble the introduced weed wandering Jew (Tradescantia fluminensis), but the latter has white flowers and a segmented stem, a weak root system. It also lacks the hairy leaf sheathes of C. cyanea.[11] However, C. cyanea can itself be weedy in gardens at times.[12] ...
The effects of added abscisic acid (ABA) on the stomatal behavior of Commelina communis L. were tested using three different systems. ABA was applied to isolated epidermis or to leaf pieces incubated in the light in bathing solutions perfused with CO2-free air. ABA was also fed to detached leaves in a transpiration bioassay. The apparent sensitivity of stomata to ABA was highly dependent on the method used to feed ABA. Stomata of isolated epidermis were apparently most sensitive to ABA, such that a concentration of 1 [mu]M caused almost complete stomatal closure. When pieces of whole leaves were floated on solutions of ABA of the same concentration, the stomata were almost completely open. The same concentration of ABA fed through the midrib of transpiring detached leaves caused an intermediate response. These differences in stomatal sensitivity to added ABA were found to be a function of differences in the ABA concentration in the epidermes. Comparison of the three application systems suggested ...
Guard cells of stomata are characterized by ordered bundles of microtubules radiating from the ventral side toward the dorsal side of the cylindrical cell. It was suggested that microtubules play a role in directing the radial arrangement of the cellulose micro-fibrils of guard cells. However, the role of microtubules in daily cycles of opening and closing of stomata is not clear. The organization of microtubules in guard cells of Commelina communis leaves was studied by analysis of three-dimensional immunofluorescent images. It was found that while guard cell microtubules in the epidermis of leaves incubated in the light were organized in parallel, straight and dense bundles, in the dark they were less straight and oriented randomly near the stomatal pore. The effect of blue and red light on the organization of guard cell microtubules resembled the effects of white light and dark respectively. When stomata were induced to open in the dark with fusicoccin, microtubules remained in the dark ...
Ca2+ is implicated as a second messenger in the response of stomata to a range of stimuli. However, the mechanism by which stimulus-induced increases in guard cell cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) are transduced into different physiological responses remains to be explained. Oscillations in [Ca2+]i may provide one way in which this can occur. We used photometric and imaging techniques to examine this hypothesis in guard cells of Commelina communis. External Ca2+ ([Ca2+]e), which causes an increase in [Ca2+]i, was used as a closing stimulus. The total increase in [Ca2+]i was directly related to the concentration of [Ca2+]e, both of which correlated closely with the degree of stomatal closure. Increases were oscillatory in nature, with the pattern of the oscillations dependent on the concentration of [Ca2+]e. At 0.1 mM, [Ca2+]e induced symmetrical oscillations. In contrast, 1.0 mM [Ca2+]e induced asymmetric oscillations. Oscillations were stimulus dependent and modulated by changing [Ca2+]e. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Synergistic effect of light and fusicoccin on stomatal opening. T2 - Epidermal peel and patch clamp experiments. AU - Assmann, Sarah M.. AU - Schwartz, Amnon. PY - 1992/1/1. Y1 - 1992/1/1. N2 - Upon incubation of epidermal peels of Commelina communis in 1 millimolar KCl, a synergistic effect of light and low fusicoccin (FC) concentrations on stomatal opening is observed. In 1 millimolar KCl, stomata remain closed even in the light. However, addition of 0.1 micromolar FC results in opening up to 12 micrometers. The same FC concentration stimulates less than 5 micrometers of opening in darkness. The synergistic effect (a) decreases with increasing FC or KCl concentrations; (b) is dark-reversible; (c) like stomatal opening in high KCl concentrations (120 millimolar) is partially inhibited by the K+ channel blocker, tetraethylammonium+ (20 millimolar). In whole-cell patch-clamp experiments with guard cell protoplasts of Vicia faba, FC (1 or 10 micromolar) stimulates an increase in ...
The receptor for the wilt-inducing phytotoxin fusicoccin was purified to homogeneity from plasma membranes of Commelina communis as a complex with the radioligand [3H]9-nor-8-hydroxyfusicoccin. The preparation consisted of two polypeptides with apparent molecular masses of 30.5 kDa and 31.5 kDa an …
Weed control in smallholder farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa is labour intensive or costly. Many researchers have therefore advocated for the use of cover crops in weed management as an affordable alternative for smallholders. Cover crops may be grown in rotations to suppress weeds and reduce the reliance on herbicides. The use of cover crops creates microenvironments that are either conducive or inhibitive to the emergence of certain weed species. A study, initiated in 2008 in contrasting soils at four different locations of Zimbabwe, investigated the effect of maize (Zea mays L.)-cover crop rotations on the emergence of weeds that showed dominance in those soils. Weed assessments were however, carried out from 2011 to 2014. The weed species Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Commelina benghalensis L., and Richardia scabra L. showed dominance in all four locations with weed densities as high as 500 plants m−2 being recorded for R. scabra L. in a sandy soil. Maize-cover crop rotations resulted in ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Description of plant communities. The study area is mostly open grassland, with scattered fynbos communities either on rocky outcrops, on the summit plateau area or concentrated on the steep slopes and cliffs of Platberg on the sandstone of the Clarens formation. Little disturbance from grazing is evident, with no record of agricultural practice on the plateau of Platberg. There are some clusters and scattered individuals of the declared alien invasive tree species Pinus patula (species group E), having escaped from plantations established at lower altitudes and now being firmly ensconced on the footslopes and scattered on the summit plateau area.. The sclerophyllous vegetation is characterised by Passerina montana (species group M, Table 1), Cliffortia ramosissima (species group F, Table 1) and Cliffortia nitidula (species group P, Table 1). Common species throughout the study area include the forbs Hebenstretia dura, Watsonia lepida, Commelina africana, Oxalis obliquifolia, Senecio ...
Description of plant communities. The study area is mostly open grassland, with scattered fynbos communities either on rocky outcrops, on the summit plateau area or concentrated on the steep slopes and cliffs of Platberg on the sandstone of the Clarens formation. Little disturbance from grazing is evident, with no record of agricultural practice on the plateau of Platberg. There are some clusters and scattered individuals of the declared alien invasive tree species Pinus patula (species group E), having escaped from plantations established at lower altitudes and now being firmly ensconced on the footslopes and scattered on the summit plateau area.. The sclerophyllous vegetation is characterised by Passerina montana (species group M, Table 1), Cliffortia ramosissima (species group F, Table 1) and Cliffortia nitidula (species group P, Table 1). Common species throughout the study area include the forbs Hebenstretia dura, Watsonia lepida, Commelina africana, Oxalis obliquifolia, Senecio ...
The serpentine leaf miner is the larva of a fly, Liriomyza brassicae, in the family Agromyzidae, the leaf miner flies. It mines wild and cultivated plants, such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and Chinese broccoli. It is distributed in the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas. The life cycle of the fly is up to 21 days. It lays eggs in the leaf epidermis of host plants. Larvae hatch within four days. They are yellow or green and have three instars. It emerges from the pupa as an adult, a gray fly with black and yellow spots. The American serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii) is a closely related species, and Liriomyza huidobrensis is also known as the serpentine leafminer. Another member of the genus, Liriomyza commelinae occurs widely in the neotropics and pupates within the mine. It feeds mainly on plants within the genus Commelina. Species Liriomyza brassicae - Serpentine leaf miner. BugGuide. Retrieved 9 July 2017. Liriomyza brassicae (Riley). Crop Knowledge Master. University of ...
Alum root - He prepares a mush from its leaves and uses it as an astringent. He also mixes it with apoplappus and applies it with the aid of a heated stone to an aching tooth.. Amaranthus - For the relief of itching.. Apoplappus (Goldenweeds ) -See Alum root.. Artemisia - For skin wounds, boils, and burns.. Atriplex - To stop itching and cure warts.. Barberry - A tonic for stiff joints.. Brickellia - For colds, flu, coughs, and tuberculosis.. Butterweeds - To relieve rheumatism, which he ascribes to improper contact with menstruating women. Women develop joint trouble because of menstruation. The Navajo word for menstruation, rheumatism, and hunchback is the same, with only a slight difference in accent.. Blue-eyed grass, aster, silkweed - In pulverized form to cure eye sores.. Buttercup and Cordylanthus ramosus - The powder is taken with water every morning for syphilis.. Chenopoduim (Pigweed ) - Used for purging.. Cirisium - Infusion drops for eye diseases.. Commelina - Aphrodisiac for ...
The mechanisms of stomatal sensitivity to CO2 are yet to be fully understood. The role of photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic factors in stomatal responses to CO2 was investigated in wild-type barley (Hordeum vulgare var. Graphic) and in a mutant (G132) with decreased photochemical and Rubisco capacities. The CO2 and DCMU responses of stomatal conductance (gs), gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and levels of ATP, with a putative transcript for stomatal opening were analysed. G132 had greater gs than the wild-type, despite lower photosynthesis rates and higher intercellular CO2 concentrations (Ci). The mutant had Rubisco-limited photosynthesis at very high CO2 levels, and higher ATP contents than the wild-type. Stomatal sensitivity to CO2 under red light was lower in G132 than in the wild-type, both in photosynthesizing and DCMU-inhibited leaves. Under constant Ci and red light, stomatal sensitivity to DCMU inhibition was higher in G132. The levels of a SLAH3-like slow anion channel ...
27 accessions of Vicia benghalensisfrom different geographical origins constitute the pool on which the present study was performed. Genetic variation among the samples was biochemically and...
Klughammer, B., Benz, B., Betz, M., Thume, M., & Dietz, K. - J. (1992). Reconstitution of vacuolar ion channels into planar lipid bilayers. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1104(2), 308-316. doi:10.1016/0005-2736(92)90045- ...
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive series is the first work ever to illustrate and deal in detail with all the living species of birds.
One specimen lived 10.4 years in captivity [0669]. It has been reported that these animals can live up to 30.4 years in captivity [0979], but this has not been verified. ...
Sancte Michael Archangele, defende nos in proelio; contra nequitiam et insidias diaboli esto praesidium. Imperat illi Deus; supplices deprecamur: tuque, Princeps militiae coelestis, Satanam aliosque spiritus malignos, qui ad perditionem animarum pervagantur in mundo, divina virtute in infernum detrude. Amen ...
Sancte Michael Archangele, defende nos in proelio; contra nequitiam et insidias diaboli esto praesidium. Imperat illi Deus; supplices deprecamur: tuque, Princeps militiae coelestis, Satanam aliosque spiritus malignos, qui ad perditionem animarum pervagantur in mundo, divina virtute in infernum detrude. Amen ...
Suresh Forestry Network are leading Manufacturer & Supplier of Ficus Benghalensis Plant in Chikkaballapur Karnataka India, Ficus Benghalensis Plant Manufacturer in Chikkaballapur , Wholesale Ficus Benghalensis Plant Supplier, Ficus Benghalensis Plant Wholesaler Trader
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with the level of control ...
In agricultural production systems where the glyphosate-resistant soybean crop (Glycine max) is grown and the practice of crop rotation with alternative herbicides is not adopted, the exclusive and continuous use of glyphosate has led to the occurrence of resistant weed populations that may limit or compromise the benefits of this technology. Thus, the efficacy of weed management programs, including the use of residual herbicides (sulfentrazone, flumioxazin, imazethapyr, diclosulan, chlorimuron and s-metolachlor) applied in preemergence and followed by in-crop postemergence applications of glyphosate (PRE-POST) were compared to glyphosate postemergence only programs - POST. The study was conducted across nine locations during the 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 growing seasons. PRE-POST programs were efficient in the control of Amaranthus viridis, Brachiaria plantaginea, Bidens pilosa, Commelina benghalensis, Eleusine indica, Euphorbia heterophylla and Raphanus raphanistrum, with the level of control ...
Background and aims: Medicinal plant products are considered to be an effective candidate against the number of viral diseases as generally observed or reported in developing countries. As per the literature, secondary metabolites (i.e. Alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins etc.) are reported in medicinal plant products and showed its antiviral properties. In this study, our group focused on those medicinal plants especially roots of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa related to New castle Disease Virus (NDV) and Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) having in vitro antiviral activity. These studies were conducted on the human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Methods: For antimicrobial studies, different medicinal plant products especially roots of Ficus benghalensis and Ficus racemosa were collected from Vidya Pratishthans garden, School of Biotechnology, Baramati. These medicinal plant leaves are used in the form of aqueous extract and determined its anti-microbial activity against poultry viruses
POTENTIAL ACCELERATING EFFECT OF Ageratum conyzoides L. LEAVES EXTRACT ON FIBROBLASTS DENSITY OF INCISION WOUND OF MALE WHITE MICE (Mus musculus)
Setiap orang pasti pernah mengalami berbagai macam luka dalam hidupnya. Proses yang kemudian terjadi adalah penyembuhan luka. Povidone iodine merupakan obat paling sering digunakan untuk mengobati luka, tetapi sering menimbulkan reaksi hipersensitivitas. Daun babandotan (Ageratum conyzoides L.) mengandung berbagai kandungan kimia dan senyawa aktif yang berkhasiat untuk mempercepat penyembuhan luka. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui rerata lama penyembuhan luka hingga luka menutup dengan sempurna pada mencit. Metodologi penelitian bersifat eksperimental laboratorik, menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL). Penelitian ini menggunakan 25 ekor mencit Swiss Webster jantan yang dibagi menjadi lima kelompok perlakuan yaitu ekstrak etanol daun babandotan dalam ointment (EBO) dengan konsentrasi 6,25%, 12,5%, dan 25%, vaseline album(ointment) sebagai kontrol, dan povidone iodine ointment sebagai pembanding. Pemberian perlakuan dengan cara mengoleskan obat pada sayatan luka satu kali sehari secara ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ficus benghalensis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 09-Oct-10 ...
Hiptage benghalensis (L) Kurz belongs to the family Malphigiaceae. The plant has strong therapeutic potential thus occasionally cultivated for medicinal purposes in several traditional medicines to cure various diseases. This plant has been known to possess antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anticancerous, antimutagenic and hepatoprotective activity. According to Ayurveda, Hiptage benghalensis is cooling, vulnerary, astringent, expectorant, cardiotonic, anti-inflammatory, insecticidal, wound healing and used in burning sensation of the body, wound, pruritus, foul ulcers, scabies, leprosy, skin diseases, cough, asthma, cardiac debility, rheumatism, hyperdipsia, obesity, intrinsic haemorrhage etc. The presented review summarizes the information concerning the botany, ethno pharmacology, phytochemistry and biological activity of this plant.
從清朝 日治時代直到現在3台灣的鳳梨品系一直都一樣嗎?當然不是囉(最早的鳳梨被稱為「在來種「3後來日治時代為了製作罐頭方便3從夏威夷引進了開英種4到了1980年以後3因為罐頭外銷敵不過競爭3台灣的鳳梨改為內銷且以鮮食為主3為了挽救鳳梨產業3農改場 農試所便培育出各種不同適合鮮食的鳳梨4包括不用削皮可以直接剝來吃的釋迦鳳梨(台農4號(3最適合在秋冬生產的冬蜜鳳梨(台農13號(3有特殊香氣的香水鳳梨(台農11號(3以及因為果肉乳白色被稱為牛奶鳳梨的台農20號等 ...
Kingsford, MJ, OCallaghan, MD, Liggins, L and Gerlach, G (2017). The short-lived neon damsel Pomacentrus coelestis: implications for population dynamics. Journal of Fish Biology 90(5): 2041-2059 ...
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Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally ...
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally ...
Samples of two Ageratum conyzoides, one Sonchus oleraceus and one turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) exhibiting virus-like symptoms were collected from Pakistan and Nepal. Full-length begomovirus clones were obtained from the four plant samples and betasatellite clones from three of these. The begomovirus sequences were shown to be isolates of Ageratum enation virus (AEV) with greater than 89.1% nucleotide sequence identity to the 26 AEV sequences available in the databases. The three betasatellite sequences were shown to be isolates of Ageratum yellow leaf curl betasatellite (AYLCB) with greater than 90% identity to the 18 AYLCB sequences available in the databases. The AEV sequences were shown to fall into two distinct strains, for which the names Nepal (consisting of isolates from Nepal, India, and Pakistan-including the isolates identified here) and India (isolates occurring only in India) strains are proposed. For the clones obtained from two AEV isolates, with their AYLCB, infectivity was shown by
Citation: Spigler, R.B., Lewers, K.S., Main, D., Ashman, T.L. 2008. Genetic mapping of sex determination in octoploid strawberry. Plant and Animal Genome Conference Proceedings. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Wild strawberry species exhibit a range of breeding systems including hermaphroditism, dioecy, and gynodioecy. Breeders of cultivated strawberry, Fragaria ×ananassa Duchesne ex Rozier, prefer self-pollinating hermaphrodites, but major sources of pest resistance are the wild octoploid progenitor species, F. virginiana Mill. and F. chiloensis (L.) Mill, which are sexually dimorphic. Therefore, a program that can isolate genomic regions controlling sex expression from other desirable traits may facilitate strawberry breeding and further our understanding of sex expression. To identify regions controlling sex expression in Fragaria L., we developed a mapping population from a cross between a female and a low-fruiting hermaphrodite, both F. virginiana. At each of two locations ...
Detail záznamu - Accumulation of Y-specific satellite DNAs during the evolution of Rumex acetosa sex chromosomes - Detail záznamu - Knihovna Akademie věd České republiky
396. Ageratum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 839. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 363. 1754. [Greek a, not, and geras, old age, apparently alluding to long-lasting nature of flowers] Guy L. Nesom Annuals and perennials, mostly 20-120 cm. Stems often decumbent (rooting at proximal nodes), sparsely to densely branched. Leaves cauline; all or mostly opposite; petiolate; blades mostly 1-nerved, deltate to ovate, or elliptic to lanceolate, margins entire or toothed, faces glabrous or ± pilose, puberulent, or strigoso-hispid, sometimes gland-dotted. Heads discoid, in dense to open, cymiform to corymbiform arrays. Involucres campanulate, 3-6 mm. Phyllaries persistent, 30-40 in 2-3 series, usually 2-nerved, lanceolate, ± equal (often indurate, margins scarious). Receptacles conic, epaleate [paleate]. Florets 20-125; corollas white or bluish to lavender, throats ± campanulate (lengths 2 times diams.); styles: bases not enlarged, glabrous, branches ± linear to clavate (usually papillose and dilated distally). Cypselae ...
Browse and Shop Ageratum Online - Annuals from Garden Crossings - We are a family owned small business specializing in high quality, locally grown garden plants here in West Michigan.
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Kigelia Africana. List of various diseases cured by Kigelia Africana. How Kigelia Africana is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Kigelia Africana in various languages of the world are also given.
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It has become shown as a result of scientific research increasing numbers of successful folks have very sexually influenced minds.This is partially this can ability to be able to transmute their sexual electric power and approach energy which could normally be wasted, to more inventive outlets.You will discover other stimuli that help as their pharmicudical counterpart to are more creative and productive.Some can be seen since bad influences to many people but that may be really provided that they overindulge in them.There can be sex expression, love, wish to have fame along with fortune, romances, fear and additionally drugs, alcohol to name a small number of.Sex expression sometimes appears as the more powerful because of intensity and the way the software forces thoughts that they are ...
Ageratum are small plants grown as annuals with a dense growth habit. Flowers are rounded clusters borne from midsummer until first frost. Leaves are
Affiliation:東京農工大学,(連合)農学研究科(研究院),客員教授, Research Field:Resource conservation science,系統・分類,Biodiversity/Systematics,Conservation of biological resources,生物資源科学, Keywords:保全,絶滅危惧種,絶滅危惧植物,染色体,Conservation,中国,分類,系統,DNA,琉球列島, # of Research Projects:8, # of Research Products:140, Ongoing Project:Studies on sex expression and pollination characteristics of overseas ancestral species for endemic plants in the Ogasawara Islands
from the hearing years back, it individuals instructor can tell with taking a look at society if they are expressed sexually within their lifetime. There is individuals quality out of aliveness as well as glow that he can identify while found or perhaps lost. I wondered how I appeared, those many years, when in my preceding commitment we were not sex with one another anyway. It was among the one aspects of your commitment it dont duty, in which we were not the best match. However Im able to witness nowadays, which our sex incompatibility bled to affect your on the whole lack of sooth, nice, intimate grounding while a couple, as well as fundamentally, your lack of connection to your authentic Self. It was it lost out of sex expression it fundamentally generated your divorce or separation. So, even as we think straight back about the concern that underway it discussion, doesnt that it seem evident there are frequent elements in most prospering loving relationships such as the ones that have ...
Description from Flora of China. Stems (2 or)3(or 4), 19-22 cm, with 1 leaf near middle or distally. Basal leaves 4-6(-12), forming a rosette; petiole 5-11 cm; leaf blade abaxially greenish, adaxially deep green, obovate or oblong-obovate, 2-4 × 1.5-2.6 cm, 5-7-veined with veins parallel in proximal 2/3, prominent abaxially, and impressed adaxially, base cuneate, apex rounded, often obtusely apiculate. Cauline leaf sessile, semiamplexicaul, ovate or broadly so, 1.2-2 × 1.5-2.4 cm, base subcordate, often with several rusty brown appendages. Flower ca. 2.4 cm in diam.; hypanthium turbinate. Sepals adaxially densely purple-brown punctate, ovate or oblong, ca. 6 × 3-4 mm, margin sparsely denticulate, apex acute. Petals white, densely purple-brown punctate on both surfaces, oblong or obovate, ca. 1.2 cm × 4-5 mm, 5-veined basally, base cuneate, margin long fimbriate proximally, entire or undulate distally. Anthers ellipsoid, ca. 3.5 mm; filaments ca. 6 mm; staminodes flat, ca. 5 mm, 3-5-lobed, ...
Nightshade (Alona coelestis) in flower. 1855 illustration of a nightshade (family Solanaceae) plant in flower, entitled Alone a fleurs bleu ciel (Nolanees). - Stock Image C033/8303
Long-lasting blooms like tiny explosions are out of this world in gardens or containers, and especially planted in mass. This tall ageratum branches without being pinched back and flowers prolifically. Accents well with bright white flowers in the garden bed or in bouquets.
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder that occurs as a result of absolute or relative insufficiency of insulin release and/or insulin effect due to impairment of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism, and it is characterized by hyperglycemia and leads to various complications. Objective: In this study, it was aimed to investigate the effects of hesperidin (HP) and quercetin, which are natural flavonoids, on serum malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Materials and Methods: The experimental animals were divided into four groups, each group comprising ten rats designated as follows: Group 1 served as control rats (C); Group 2 served as diabetic rats (DM); Group 3 served as diabetic rats administered HP (DM + HP) (100 mg/kg b. w.); and Group 4 served as diabetic rats administered quercetin (DM + Q) (100 mg/kg b. w.). Results: Serum MDA and GSH levels ...
At the individual plant exhibit competition, the most awarded entry was Teresa Sanianos Earthkeepers Garden. It garnered multiple plaudits for: Birds Nest Fern or Pakpak Lawin (Asplenium nidus) as Best Plant in Show and Best Fern, while another mutation won Best Philippine Indigenous Ornamental Plant (Asplenium nidus Kulot); Best Cycad (Encephalartos trispinosus); and Best Variegated Plant for Jatropha sp.. Mable Chuas The Flower Box won for Best Booth Composition, and 2nd Best Booth Construction. The exhibit was conceptualized and mounted by Carlos Valeriano Lazaro. The Flower Box also won a plant award for Best Other Genera [Rhyrds. Memoria Suranaree (Rhynchostylis coelestis x Aerides lawrenciae)].. Malvarosa Orchids proprietor Hernando Perez also won awards for his orchids: Best Vanda Orchid (Vanda Pat Delight Preecha); Best Cattleya Orchid [Blc. Gladys Oumae Waianae x (Blc. Golden Slippers x Blc. Waikiki Sunset)]; and Best Collection of a Kind (cattleya collection).. Best ...
CASO CLINICO DE TRIPANOSOMIASIS AFRICANA PDF - Diagnóstico de laboratorio de la tripanosomiasis africana Detección de Leishmania spp. en muestras clínicas. 5. En el caso de las parasitosis intestinales
Microbotryaceae) on Commelina and Tinantia (Commelinaceae)". Mycobiota. 10: 21-37. doi:10.12664/mycobiota.2020.10.03. Savile, D ...
Cerastium capensi (Cape chickweed)* Silybum marianum (Blessed milk thistle) Commelina benghalensis (indigenous wandering Jew)* ...
Commelina africana [Wikidata], or yellow wandering jew Commelina benghalensis, native to tropical Asia and Africa Commelina ... cyanea, native to Australia Commelina ensifolia, native to Australia Saxifraga stolonifera, native to Asia Tinantia pringlei, ...
Areca Caryota Cocos Phoenix Rhapsis Veitchia merrillii Adenostemma Commelina diffusa Breynia Vigna marina Cordyline terminalis ...
... chlorotic vein banding virus Cacao swollen shoot virus Canna yellow mottle virus Citrus yellow mosaic virus Commelina yellow ...
Commelina). Habranthus tubispathus in the Amaryllidaceae derives its specific name from its tuberous spathe. In many arums ( ...
Commelina erecta Poaceae Japanese stiltgrass, Microstegium vimineum (I) Torpedograss, Panicum repens (I) Dallis grass, Paspalum ...
a b c d e PlantNET, plant profile Commelina cyanea *^ a b "Commelina cyanea R. Br". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS ... Commelina cyanea is pollinated by a variety of native bees such as Nomia aurantifer, Amegilla pulchra, halictid and colletid ... Commelina cyanea, commonly known as scurvy weed, is a perennial prostrate herb of the family Commelinaceae native to moist ... Commelina cyanea was one of the many species initially described by the botanist Robert Brown in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae ...
Well known genera include Commelina (dayflowers) and Tradescantia (spiderworts). The family is diverse in both the Old World ...
Commelina orchidophylla. *Commelina sphaerorrhizoma. *Cuscuta pacifica. D. *Darwinia chapmaniana. *Darwinia ferricola. * ...
Commelina benghalensis. Soru-Pokmou. Hound's Berry. Solanum nigrum. Arrowleaf Sida. Sida rhombifolia. ...
Commelina dianthifolia. *Conioselinum scopulorum. *Corallorhiza maculata. *Cordylanthus ramosus. *Cornus sericea. *Corylus ...
Commelina benghalensis সৰু-পকমৌ Hound's Berry Solanum nigrum Arrowleaf Sida Sida rhombifolia ...
Commelina communis (tumbuhan) Nepenthes villosa (tumbuhan). Nepenthes klossii (tumbuhan). Nepenthes × kuchingensis (tumbuhan) ...
Aceasta este o listă parțială de genuri de plante de gradină (plante care pot fi cultivate în grădină) prezentate în ordine alfabetică.. ...
Commelina, Cyanotis, Dichorisandra, Dictyospermum, Elasis, Floscopa, Geogenanthus, Gibasis, Gibasoides, Matudanthus, Murdannia ...
a b c d e PlantNET, plant profile Commelina cyanea *^ a b "Commelina cyanea R. Br". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS ... Commelina cyanea is pollinated by a variety of native bees such as Nomia aurantifer, Amegilla pulchra, halictid and colletid ... Commelina cyanea, commonly known as scurvy weed, is a perennial prostrate herb of the family Commelinaceae native to moist ... Commelina cyanea was one of the many species initially described by the botanist Robert Brown in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae ...
SAPS - Stomatal opening and closing in commelina communis - Student Guide * SAPS - Stomatal opening and closing in commelina ... Commelina communis seeds are no longer commercially available. This resource is now archived on the STEM Learning site. ...
Commelina - Aphrodisiac for aged men and women.. Compositea group (Yellow Plant) - Flowers made into tea to cure colds. ...
N2 - Upon incubation of epidermal peels of Commelina communis in 1 millimolar KCl, a synergistic effect of light and low ... AB - Upon incubation of epidermal peels of Commelina communis in 1 millimolar KCl, a synergistic effect of light and low ... Upon incubation of epidermal peels of Commelina communis in 1 millimolar KCl, a synergistic effect of light and low fusicoccin ... abstract = "Upon incubation of epidermal peels of Commelina communis in 1 millimolar KCl, a synergistic effect of light and low ...
The receptor for the wilt-inducing phytotoxin fusicoccin was purified to homogeneity from plasma membranes of Commelina ... The receptor for the wilt-inducing phytotoxin fusicoccin was purified to homogeneity from plasma membranes of Commelina ...
The effects of added abscisic acid (ABA) on the stomatal behavior of Commelina communis L. were tested using three different ...
The organization of microtubules in guard cells of Commelina communis leaves was studied by analysis of three-dimensional ... The organization of microtubules in guard cells of Commelina communis leaves was studied by analysis of three-dimensional ... Keywords: Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana - Commelina communis - Guard cells - Light - Microtubules.; Abbreviations: ABA, ...
The weed species Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Commelina benghalensis L., and Richardia scabra L. showed dominance in all four ... The weed species Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Commelina benghalensis L., and Richardia scabra L. showed dominance in all four ...
No one has contributed data records for Commelina echinulata yet. Learn how to contribute. ...
Definition: Of plant duration, a plant whose life span ends within one year after germination, e.g. a winter annual germinating in the autumn and flowering in the spring (esp. in Mediterranean climates), approximately synonymous to therophyte, c.f. biennial, ephemeral, perennial, c.f. also of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic ...
... identification and distribution of Commelina coelestis, flower image ... Commelina coelestis, flower. click on image to enlarge. © Pedro Tenorio-Lezama, 2001 Email full-size image and text title. ... IM/I_HLV/0006/320/Commelina_coelestis,_flower,I_HLV681.jpg. width=240 x height=320 pixels; size=17069 bytes Discover Life , Top ...
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Commelina thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Commelina dianthifolia . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Commelina nigritana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Commelina_eckloniana&oldid=5873625" ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Commelina_arenicola&oldid=5873510" ...
... commelina explanation free. What is commelina? Meaning of commelina medical term. What does commelina mean? ... Looking for online definition of commelina in the Medical Dictionary? ... redirected from commelina). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.. Related to commelina: Commelina ... Anti-hyperglycemic activity of Commelina communis L.. Protective effect of homonojirimycin from Commelina communis (dayflower) ...
Commelina erecta grows in temperate regions of North and Central America, as well as in tropical regions. This is by far the ... Etymology: Commelina was named after the three Dutch botanists in the Commelin family, Johann (1629-1698), Kasper (1667-1731), ... Etymology: Commelina honors the Dutch botanists Jan (1629-1692) and nephew Caspar (1667-1731) Commelijn; erecta refers to the ... Similar species: The similar Commelina communis is an annual with erect or decumbent stems, branches that often root at the ...
Protective effect of homonojirimycin from Commelina communis (dayflower) on influenza virus infection in mice.. [Guo-bin Zhang ... The effects of homonojirimycin (HNJ), one of alkaloids from Commelina communis L., on protection against influenza virus ...
Role of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells.. S. Gilroy, M. D. Fricker, N. D. Read, A. J. Trewavas ... Role of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells. Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from Plant ... The role of cytosolic Ca2+ in signal transduction in stomatal guard cells of Commelina communis was investigated using ...
Commelina virginica, Virginia Dayflower. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3790 plants and 23,552 images. For many plants, ... Commelina virginica FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 038-01-001:. Commelina ... Commelina virginica FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:. ...
Commelina caroliniana, Indian Dayflower. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3713 plants and 22,490 images. For many plants, ... Commelina caroliniana FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:. Commelina caroliniana FAMILY ... Commelina caroliniana FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933). Commelina ... Read about the original distribution of Commelina caroliniana from Alan Weakley and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. ...
Commelina erecta var. angustifolia FAMILY Commelinaceae LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 038-01-002:. Commelina ... Commelina erecta var. angustifolia FAMILY Commelinaceae SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:. ...
Commelina ludens Commelina ludens Miquel, J. Bot. Neerl. 1: 88. 1861.. Commelina willdenovii Commelina willdenovii Kunth, Enum ... Commelina communis var. ludens Commelina communis Linnaeus, var. ludens (Miquel) C. B. Clarke, in Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. ... Commelina communis forma aureostriata Commelina communis Linnaeus, forma aureostriata MacKeever, Rhodora 63: 89. 1961.. TYPE: ...
... - Plant Locations - Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
... - Plant Classification Group - Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb. . soybeans, cotton, maize, sugarcane, cassava, peanuts, pineapples, ... Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb. . soybeans, cotton, maize, sugarcane, cassava, peanuts, pineapples, ... While studying the fate of Commelina benghalensis L. after simulated rumen digestion, The seed produces a bread similar to corn ... Pieces of cut stems of C. Wilson, ; EPPO, Weed Research, UK, 25 4: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Commelina ...
Commelina Flower Round Ring (adjustable). Regular price $28.00 Default Title - $28.00 SGD Add to Cart ...
Evaluation of anticancer activity of methanol extract of Commelina benghalensis Linn. against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in ...
Round Commelina Flower with Fresh Water Pearls Studs. Regular price $38.00 Default Title - $38.00 SGD Add to Cart ...
Microbotryaceae) on Commelina and Tinantia (Commelinaceae)". Mycobiota. 10: 21-37. doi:10.12664/mycobiota.2020.10.03. Savile, D ...
Commelina) on Post Oak Trail in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, September 7, 2009) ... ฟีโนไทป์สีขาวของ dayflower (Commelina) บนเส้นทางโอ๊คโพสต์ใน Lick Creek Park College Station, Texas, 7 กันยายน 2009 ... Белы фенатып Дейфлауэр (Commelina) на Ок Трейл Паведамленне ў Аблічча-Крык-Парк. Каледж Стейшн, штат Тэхас, 7 верасня 2009 г. ... Fenotip Putih dayflower (Commelina) di Oak
Commelina communis Common names: Gewöhnliche Commeline(AT), harilik kommeliin (EE), Paprastoji komelina(LT), parastā komelīna( ...
Commelina benghalensis. Bishops weed; goutweed. Aegopodium podagraria. black locust. Robinia pseudoacacia. black swallow-wort ...
Birdbill Dayflower (Commelina dianthifolia). American Cancer-root (Conopholis americana). Mertens Coralroot (Corallorhiza ...
Dayflower (Commelina communis). Rosy Twisted- stalk (Streptopus roseus) fruit. Tall Bellflower (Campanula americanum). Heal All ...
Commelina benghalensis L.. Benghal dayflower, tropical spiderwort. Crupina vulgaris Cass.. Common crupina. ...
  • Linnaeus picked the name in honour of the Dutch botanists Jan and Caspar Commelijn , using the two large showy petals of Commelina communis to symbolise them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Upon incubation of epidermal peels of Commelina communis in 1 millimolar KCl, a synergistic effect of light and low fusicoccin (FC) concentrations on stomatal opening is observed. (elsevier.com)
  • The receptor for the wilt-inducing phytotoxin fusicoccin was purified to homogeneity from plasma membranes of Commelina communis as a complex with the radioligand [3H]9'-nor-8'-hydroxyfusicoccin. (nih.gov)
  • The effects of added abscisic acid (ABA) on the stomatal behavior of Commelina communis L. were tested using three different systems. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • Commelina cyanea was one of the many species initially described by the botanist Robert Brown in his 1810 work Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen and still bears its original name. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina cyanea is a trailing herbaceous perennial plant, whose stems grow along the ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina cyanea , commonly known as scurvy weed , is a perennial prostrate herb of the family Commelinaceae native to moist forests and woodlands of eastern Australia , [1] Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island . (wikipedia.org)
  • Commelina caroliniana is a species of plant in the family Commelinaceae . (eol.org)
  • Commelinaceae Commelina gigantea Vahl Enum. (ipni.org)
  • Para sementes de Commelina benghalensis foram obtidos resultados promissores com o preaquecimento, a seco, a 75[degre]C, por 24 horas, o que aumentou a porcentagem de germinacao das sementes aereas grandes, com envoltorio, e sementes pequenas do solo (Santos et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Species Control (%) Treatment (%) Euphorbia hirta 70 40 Syndrella nodiflora 100 60 Eleusine indica 80 70 Panicum maximum 80 80 Ageratum conyzoides 10 10 Commelina benghalensis 40 20 Tridax procumbense 50 30 Mimosa pudica 10 0 Table 4: Changes in Population Density ([m. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Reversal of triazole-induced stomatal closure by gibberellic acid and cytokinins in Commelina benghalensis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb. (flash-container.info)
  • Weed control investigations in Bolivian crops Commelina benghalensis produces three types of branches - aerial or negatively geotropic ones, subaerial or diageotropic ones, and underground or positively geotropic ones. (flash-container.info)
  • The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Commelina benghalensis. (flash-container.info)
  • EPPO, Weed Research, UK, 25 4: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Commelina benghalensis. (flash-container.info)
  • Evaluation of anticancer activity of methanol extract of Commelina benghalensis Linn. (greenpharmacy.info)
  • Given the difficulty in controlling dayflower , the aim was to identify what herbicide provides the better control of Commelina benghalensis and the better developmental stage for its application. (bvsalud.org)
  • Em face a dificuldade no controle da trapoeraba , o objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar qual herbicida proporciona o melhor controle de Commelina benghalensis e qual o melhor estádio fenológico para sua aplicação. (bvsalud.org)
  • [2] The genus name Commelina was chosen based on the Asiatic dayflower. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, the dendrogram showed species on undulating terrain and mesic sites such as birdbill dayflower Commelina dianthifolia, wolftail Lycurus phleoides, and annual candy leaf Stevia micrantha, which are typical of communities of P. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Photo 791-08: White phenotype of dayflower (Commelina) on Post. (sergeev.us)
  • White phenotype of dayflower (Commelina) on Post Oak Trail in Lick Creek Park . (sergeev.us)
  • White fenotipe van dayflower (Commelina) op Post Oak Trail in lek Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Phenotype bardhë e dayflower (Commelina) në Trail Post Oak Creek Park në mposht. (sergeev.us)
  • النمط الظاهري بيضاء dayflower (Commelina) على تريل اوك مشاركة في لعق حديقة الخور. (sergeev.us)
  • Սպիտակ phenotype եւ dayflower (Commelina) վրա Post կաղնի արահետը են լիզում Creek այգում. (sergeev.us)
  • Ildə Post Oak Trail üzrə dayflower (Commelina) ağ fenotip Creek Park Lick. (sergeev.us)
  • White dayflower (Commelina) Post Haritz Trail phenotype en Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Dayflower (Commelina) পোস্ট ওক লেজ উপর সাদা মধ্যে ফেনোটাইপ ক্রিক পার্ক লেহন. (sergeev.us)
  • Бялата фенотип на dayflower (Commelina) на Oak Мнение пътека в Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Fenotip blanc de dayflower (Commelina) a Oak Trail missatge en Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Bijela fenotip dayflower (Commelina) na post Hrast Staza u Lick Creek Parku. (sergeev.us)
  • Bílá fenotyp dayflower (Commelina) na trati v Oak příspěvek Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Hvid fænotype af dayflower (Commelina) på Post Oak Trail i Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Wit fenotype van dayflower (Commelina) op Post Oak Trail in Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Valge fenotüüp dayflower (Commelina) kohta Post Oak Trail Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Valkoinen fenotyyppi dayflower (Commelina) jälkeistä Oak Rengastietä Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Phénotype blanc de dayflower (Commelina) sur le sentier de Post Oak Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • Fenótipo branco de dayflower (Commelina) en Oak Trail mensaxe no Lama Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • თეთრი phenotype საქართველოს dayflower (Commelina) წლის პოსტი მუხის ბილიკი წელს Lick Creek პარკი. (sergeev.us)
  • Weiß Phänotyp dayflower (Commelina) auf Post Oak Trail in Leck Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • પોસ્ટ ઓક ટ્રાયલ પર dayflower (Commelina) ના વ્હાઈટ માં ફેનોટાઇપ ક્રીક પાર્ક Lick. (sergeev.us)
  • Λευκό φαινότυπο της dayflower (Commelina) Διαδρομή Όουκ Δημοσίευση στο Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • White fenotipik nan dayflower (Commelina) sou Post Oak Trail nan Lick Creek Park. (sergeev.us)
  • פנוטיפ לבן של dayflower (Commelina) על שביל Oak הודעה ב לקקי קריק פארק. (sergeev.us)
  • पोस्ट ओक ट्रेल पर dayflower (Commelina) के व्हाइट में phenotype चाटो क्रीक पार्क. (sergeev.us)
  • They reported their investigation of Commelina diffusa, also known as climbing dayflower. (news-medical.net)
  • Commelina cyanea is pollinated by a variety of native bees such as Nomia aurantifer , Amegilla pulchra , halictid and colletid bees, and syrphid flies (genus Syritta ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Only Commelina erecta exhibited a significant relationship with dry forest when a Bonferroni correction was applied to multiple comparisons among the 73 plant species. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Commelina erecta grows in temperate regions of North and Central America, as well as in tropical regions. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • NameThatPlant.net: Commelina erecta var. (namethatplant.net)
  • Commelina cyanea is a trailing herbaceous perennial plant, whose stems grow along the ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • Attractive in flower, Commelina cyanea adapts readily to cultivation and can be grown as a groundcover or in hanging baskets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants (ASGAP), Commelina cyanea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Commelina dianthifolia . (usda.gov)
  • H(013) skin eruptions with desquamation starting with members before invading the whole body (nkulu = mpese), pound together the following plants : Brillantaisia patula (leaves), termitière, Commelina africana, Mondia whitei, Nymphaea lotus and Clerodendrum formicarum. (africamuseum.be)
  • Read about the original distribution of Commelina caroliniana from Alan Weakley and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. (namethatplant.net)
  • BASIONYM: Commelina ludens Miquel 1861. (usf.edu)
  • Commelina willdenovii Kunth, Enum. (usf.edu)
  • the developing lower petal is much larger than the upper petals in Cochliostema, Hardy & Stevenson, 2000a, Commelina , Hardy et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Biological Control There have not been any attempts to use biological control against Commelina spp. (flash-container.info)
  • Ethnopharmacological investigation of the spice Commelina appendiculata C.b. (grin.com)
  • No one has contributed data records for Commelina echinulata yet. (eol.org)
  • Morris B, In the henghalensis densities, Commelina benghalensisBidens pilosa and Ipomoea triloba plants caused a small reduction in the shoot dry matter of maize, with no significant difference with the crop grown in monoculture. (flash-container.info)
  • Role of Calcium in Signal Transduction of Commelina Guard Cells. (plantcell.org)
  • Commelina erecta (Whitemouth Dayflower) on 9-8-19, #504-18. (thebelmontrooster.com)
  • Commelina erecta L. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Dayflower. (thebelmontrooster.com)
  • Commelina erecta (Whitemouth Dayflower) on 9-8-19, #504-19. (thebelmontrooster.com)
  • White dayflower (Commelina) on a lawn in Washington-on-the-Brazos State Historic Site. (asergeev.com)
  • Close up of dayflower (Commelina) on Moore s Hill Outcrop at FM Road 3090 2 miles north-east from Navasota. (asergeev.com)
  • ring of Phaeosphaerion and Commelinopsis with Commelina( Commelinaceae). (chessaid.com)
  • Commelina virginica - Species Dictionary - Global : iSpot Nature - Your place to share nature. (ispotnature.org)
  • densivestita Domin, Commelina villosa (C.B.Clarke) C.B.Clarke ex Chodat, Commelina virginica var. (thebelmontrooster.com)
  • C.B.Clarke, Commelina virginica var. (thebelmontrooster.com)
  • Flower of Commelina virginica in Watson Rare Native Plant Preserve. (asergeev.com)
  • Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Commelina nigritana var. (co.zw)
  • Commelina nigritana Benth. (co.zw)
  • Commelina roseopurpurea Herter, Commelina saxicola Small, Commelina sulcata Benth. (thebelmontrooster.com)
  • Commelina benghalesis is a common, widespread weed found throughout southern Africa, tropical Africa and Asia and it is difficult to eradicate in cultivated. (sanbi.org)
  • Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/commelina. (merriam-webster.com)