A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly trees and shrubs growing in warm areas.
A plant genus of the family COMBRETACEAE. Triterpenes and combretastatin have been identified in members of this genus.
A plant genus of the family COMBRETACEAE. Members contain arjunin, an ellagitannin (TANNINS).
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
The reproductive organs of plants.
The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Cyclopentanophenanthrenes with a 5- or 6-membered lactone ring attached at the 17-position and SUGARS attached at the 3-position. Plants they come from have long been used in congestive heart failure. They increase the force of cardiac contraction without significantly affecting other parameters, but are very toxic at larger doses. Their mechanism of action usually involves inhibition of the NA(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE and they are often used in cell biological studies for that purpose.
Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)
A cardiac glycoside sometimes used in place of DIGOXIN. It has a longer half-life than digoxin; toxic effects, which are similar to those of digoxin, are longer lasting. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p665)
Substances that are destructive to protozoans.
Tests that demonstrate the relative effectiveness of chemotherapeutic agents against specific parasites.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). The sandfly genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia are the vectors.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
Analysis of the energy absorbed across a spectrum of x-ray energies/wavelengths to determine the chemical structure and electronic states of the absorbing medium.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Enzymes which transfer sulfur atoms to various acceptor molecules. EC 2.8.1.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are coniferous evergreen trees with long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch.
Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.
A sac or recess formed by a fold of the peritoneum.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain resins (RESINS, PLANT) and GLUCANS.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE which should not be confused with other cedar and cypress trees of THUJA or CUPRESSUS genera.
The myrtle plant family of the order Myrtales. It includes several aromatic medicinal plants such as EUCALYPTUS.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.
A plant species of the family EUPHORBIACEAE.
A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.
Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.

Antioxidant potential of Anogeissus latifolia. (1/18)

Anogeissus latifolia is widely used in the Indian indigenous system of medicine and is reported to contain leucocyanidins and tannoid principles like ellagic acid and its derivatives. In view of its wide use and its chemical composition, this study was aimed at examining the antioxidant activity of the extract of A. latifolia. The extract was studied for total antioxidant capacity, hydrogen-donating ability, nitric oxide, superoxide scavenging activity, hydrogen peroxide decomposition activity along with lipid peroxidation. Integral antioxidative capacity was determined by chemiluminescence assay. The extract was also studied for lipid peroxidation assay by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) method using rat liver homogenate. The results indicate that A. latifolia extract has potent antioxidant activity. Also to ascertain the possible reason for the potent activity, percentage of gallic acid was estimated and was found to be 0.95%, which could be one of the reasons for potent antioxidant activity exhibited by the plant.  (+info)

Morphological and secretory characterization of extrafloral nectaries in plants of coastal Veracruz, Mexico. (2/18)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Morphological descriptions of the extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) of certain plant species are common in the literature, but they rarely relate morphology with histology, gland distribution and secretory attributes. In this study a morphological/secretory characterization of EFNs occurring on several plant species in a tropical coastal community is made and the implications of gland attributes discussed from a functional perspective. METHODS: The morphology and nectar secretion of the EFNs of 20 plant species are characterized through scanning electron microscopy, histochemical detection of reducing sugars (Fehling's reagent) and nectar volume/concentration estimates. KEY RESULTS: Sixty-five per cent of plant species in coastal communities had EFNs on vegetative structures and 35 % of species had glands on reproductive and vegetative organs. The Fabaceae is the plant family with the most species with EFNs and most diversity of gland morphologies. Four types of vascularized nectaries and four of glandular trichomes are described; sugar-secreting trichomes are characterized using Fehling's technique, and the first descriptions of unicellular and peltate trichomes functioning as EFNs are provided. Glands of ten plant species and six genera are described for the first time. Four plant species possess more than one morphological type of EFN. Eleven species have EFNs in more than one location or organ. More complex glands secrete more nectar, but are functionally homologous to the aggregations of numerous secretory trichomes on specific and valuable plant organs. CONCLUSION: Important diversity of EFN morphology was foundin the coastal plant community studied. Both vascularized and non-vascularized EFNs are observed in plants and, for the latter, previously non-existent morpho-secretory characterizations are provided with a methodological approach to study them. It is recommended that studies relating EFN attributes (i.e. morphology, distribution) with their differential visitation by insects (i.e. ants) and the cost of maintenance to the plants are carried out to understand the evolution of these glands.  (+info)

Seed shadow, seedling recruitment, and spatial distribution of Buchenavia capitata (Combretaceae) in a fragment of the Brazilian Atlantic forest. (3/18)

Here we describe the seed shadow, seedling recruitment, ontogenetic structure and spatial distribution of Buchenavia capitata (an emergent canopy tree) in a 380-ha fragment of the Atlantic forest in northeast Brazil. In particular, we examine seed distribution around 10 parental trees and both seedling recruitment and mortality, during an 18 month period beneath and around parental trees. Moreover, we describe: (1) B. capitata occurrence within treefall gaps; (2) population structure in terms of ontogenetic stages for the whole site; and (3) spatial distribution of adults within an area of 51 hectares. 99% of seeds were found beneath parent crowns (n = 4,236) and seed density reached 14.6 +/- 29.9 seeds/m2 (0-140 seeds/m2). 49% of all seeds germinated but seedling mortality reached 100% after an 18 month period. In addition, saplings of B. capitata were not found in forest understory and within 30 treefall gaps (94-2,350 m2). The adults showed an average DBH of 69.3 +/- 22.1 cm, were 19.2 +/- 2.9 m tall and presented a clumped spatial distribution. B. capitata matched some of the features presented by shade intolerant trees or large-gap specialists, and we hypothesize that low rates or even lack of long distance seed dispersal events may be reducing the probability of B. capitata seeds reaching suitable habitats for successful seedling recruitment and growth. Because of that (1) seedlings face high levels of early mortality; (2) there is no sapling recruitment at the study site; and (3) local population faces senility and it is threatened by local extinction.  (+info)

Spectral characterization of mangrove leaves in the Brazilian Amazonian Coast: Turiacu Bay, Maranhao State. (4/18)

Mangrove communities are tropical systems which have fewer species than tropical forests, especially in Latin America and display a single architecture, usually lacking the various strata commonly found in other forest ecosystems. The identification of mangrove communities by orbital data is not a difficult task but the most interesting challenge is to identify themselves by the dominant species. The first step toward that floristic identification is the spectral characterization of detached leaves. Leaves from four species of mangrove trees were spectrally characterized considering the Directional Hemispherical Reflectance Factor (DHRF) determined through radiometric measurements using an integrating sphere LICOR 1800 attached to a spectroradiometer SPECTRON SE-590. In the visible bands (0.45-0.69 microm) the button-shaped mangrove Conocarpus erectus was brighter and the red mangrove Rhizophora mangle was darker than the other two species which shows very close DHRF values. Otherwise the black mangrove Avicennia germinans and the white mangrove Laguncularia racemosa can be distinguished from one another in the Near Infra Red (NIR) region (0.76-0.90 microm and in this region of the spectrum the DHRF of C. erectus and R. mangle become very close.  (+info)

Phytochemistry and pharmacogenomics of natural products derived from traditional Chinese medicine and Chinese materia medica with activity against tumor cells. (5/18)

 (+info)

Dial organic carbon fluctuations in a mangrove tidal creek in Sepetiba bay, Southeast Brazil. (6/18)

The carbon (C) concentration and flux, as dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particulate organic carbon (POC) and macrodetritus (MD), were quantified through 4 tidal cycles in a mangrove tidal creek in Southeastern Brazil. DOC was the major fraction of the total C concentration, accounting for 68 and 61% of the total C concentration during ebb and flood periods respectively. Concentrations of DOC (Ebb = 3.41 +/- 0.57 mgC.L-1 and Flood = 3.55 +/- 0.76 mgC.L-1) and POC (Ebb = 1.73 +/- 0.99 mgC.L-1 and Flood = 1.28 +/- 0.45 mgC.L-1) were relatively similar during the four tidal cycles. Macrodetritus presented a wide variation with concentration peaks probably related to external forces, such as winds, which enrich the ebb flow with leaf litter. DOC and POC fluxes depended primarily on tidal and net water fluxes, whereas MD fluxes were not. The magnitude of the DOC and POC fluxes varied with the area flooded at high tide, but not the MD fluxes. DOC was the major form of carbon export to Sepetiba Bay. During the four tidal cycles, the forest exported a total of 1.2 kg of organic carbon per ha, mostly as DOC (60%), followed by POC (22%) and MD (18%).  (+info)

Hepatoprotective evaluation of Anogeissus latifolia: in vitro and in vivo studies. (7/18)

AIM: To evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of a hydroalcoholic extract of the bark of Anogeissus latifolia; in vitro in primary rat hepatocyte monolayer culture and in vivo in the liver of Wistar rats intoxicated by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)). METHODS: In the in vitro study, a primary hepatocyte monolayer culture was treated with CCl(4) and extract of Anogeissus latifolia. Hepatoprotective activity was demonstrated in the CCl(4) damaged primary monolayer culture. In the in vivo study, the hepatoprotective activity of a hydroalcoholic extract of Anogeissus latifolia was analyzed in liver injured CCl(4)-treated rats. Biochemical parameters including serum transaminases [aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)] and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in serum were analyzed. The biochemical findings were supplemented with histopathological examination of rat liver sections. RESULTS: In vitro: primary hepatocyte monolayer cultures were treated with CCl(4) and extract of Anogeissus latifolia. A protective activity could be demonstrated in the CCl(4) damaged primary monolayer culture. In vivo: Hydroalcoholic extract of Anogeissus latifolia (300 mg/kg) was found to have protective activity in rats with CCl(4)-induced liver damage as judged from serum marker enzyme activity. CONCLUSION: The above findings lead to the conclusion that the hydroalcoholic extract of Anogeissus latifolia is hepatoprotective. Hence, we suggest that the inclusion of this plant in the management of liver disorders is justified.  (+info)

Commercial activities and subsistence utilization of mangrove forests around the Wouri estuary and the Douala-Edea reserve (Cameroon). (8/18)

 (+info)

In vitro antiplasmodial and antileishmanial activities of flavonoids form Anogeissus leiocarpus (Combretaceae). International journal of pharmaceutical sciences review and research, Vol. 11, H. 2 , 001 ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Anogeissus latifolia image
Description from Flora of China. Conocarpus acuminatus Roxburgh ex Candolle, Prodr. 3: 16. 1828 [acuminata]; Anogeissus acuminata var. lanceolata Wallich ex C. B. Clarke; A. harmandii Pierre; A. lanceolata (Wallich ex C. B. Clarke) Wallich ex Prain; A. pierrei Gagnepain; A. tonkinensis Gagnepain.. Trees to 20 m tall; trunk to 1 m d.b.h. Branchlets slightly pendent, slender, together with petioles and leaf blades golden villous when young. Petiole cylindric, 2-6 mm; leaf blade lanceolate to narrowly so, 4-8 × 1-3 cm, abaxially gray-green and pilose mostly in axils of lateral veins, adaxially green and glabrous to glabrescent, base narrowed or obtuse, apex acuminate; lateral veins in 5-7 pairs, inconspicuous. Capitula 9-13 mm in diam., numerous flowered; bracts easily deciduous, linear, 4-5 mm. Flowers sessile. Calyx tube ca. 5 mm, abaxially yellow pubescent, densely so on ovary and tubular part, more sparsely so on cupular part. Filaments 3-4 mm. Fruit ca. 6 × 5 mm including beak, ferruginous ...
Tidal creeks remain under-sampled by routine water quality monitoring programs This study developed protocols and sampling strategies suggesting how a minimal amount of effort can be valuable to evaluate tidal creek condition. Recommendations are provided for minimal sampling requirements necessary to include additional tidal creeks currently without data into this assessment, as well as future efforts to enhance the development of biological and landscape metrics to further refine the assessments of tidal creek condition. Until such time, the revised management framework and development of additional indicators of tidal creek condition serve as valuable decision support tools that can be used to prioritize resource management responses to increase the stewardship and protection of these critical coastal habitats. ...
The [email protected] Centre provides a platform for research students to deposit their Ph.D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access ...
The Wouri estuary, or Cameroon estuary is a large tidal estuary in Cameroon where several rivers come together, emptying into the Bight of Biafra. Douala, the largest city in Cameroon, is at the mouth of the Wouri River where it enters the estuary. The estuary contains extensive mangrove forests, which are being damaged by pollution and population pressures. The estuary lies to the east of Mount Cameroon and empties into the Bight of Biafra. It is fed by the Mungo, Wouri and Dibamba rivers. The estuary lies in the Douala Basin, a low-lying depression about 30 metres (98 ft) on average about sea level, with many creeks, sand bars and lagoons. The Plio-Pleistocene Wouri alluvial aquifer, a multi-layer system with alternating sequences of marine sands and estuarine mud and silt lies below the estuary and surrounding region and is an important source of well water. The upper aquifer in this system is an unconfined sandy horizon that is hydraulically connected to the brackish waters of the estuary ...
v.10, n.3, 4 Original Full Paper Poisoning by Thiloa glaucocarpa (Combretaceae) in cattle in the semiarid regions of Paraíba and Pernambuco, Brazil Thais H.S. Almeida, Raquel F. Albuquerque, Valdir M. Almeida, Givaldo B. Silva Filho, Hisadora A. Chaves, Sílvio H. Freitas, Franklin Riet-Correa, Fábio S. Mendonça Abstract The aim of this study was to describe...
Allumière Antiaging Cream is a lightweight, fast-absorbing cream providing the hydrating benefits of a moisturizer with the power of an anti-aging concentrate. Anogeissus Leiocarpa Bark Extract and Vitamin C work synergistically to increase the incorporation of Vitamin C in the skin, significantly boosting antioxidant capability and collagen synthesis. Powerful, bioavailable peptides rebuild and restore skin from the inside out to lift, fill, and smooth out wrinkles. Allumière Antiaging Cream features comfrey stem cells and a probiotic to speed skin renewal and turnover while tomato-derived carotenoids fight UV damage and lighten skin. Sandalwood and Barley Extract reduce water loss and stimulates lipids found naturally in skin. Allumière Antiaging Cream addresses signs of aging caused by UV damage, glycation, gravity, and dryness. Niuvella Antiaging Serum is a lightweight, fast absorbing anti-aging cream features auto-adapting technology to provide the ultimate comfort and protection in all ...
Free shipping and returns on Origins Plantscriptions™ Youth-Renewing Power Night Cream at Nordstrom.com. |p||strong|What it is|/strong|: A cream that helps visibly improve lines and wrinkles and revive skins youthful bounce.|/p||p||strong|Who its for|/strong|: Anyone with dry, normal or oily skin types.|/p||p||strong|What it does|/strong|: Fortified with anogeissus, this night cream delivers youth-renewing hydration to skin while you sleep while elastin-optimizing dill seed extract and youth-extending cassia alata help restore elasticity to create a more lasting youthful appearance overnight.|/p||p||strong|How to use|/strong|: Apply in the evening as part of your anti-aging regimen.|/p|
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Description from Flora of China. Trees, shrubs, or woody lianas, evergreen or deciduous, rarely subherbaceous. Indumentum of simple hairs, glandular hairs, or multicellular hairs secreting calcium oxalate and forming scales or present beneath cuticle and making leaf blade surface verruculose and sometimes translucent dotted. Leaves opposite, subopposite, whorled, spiraled, or alternate, usually petiolate, estipulate; petiole sometimes persistent and thornlike; leaf blade simple, margin entire or subentire, sometimes toothed, glands often present between crenations of proximal margin and at base or on petiole. Inflorescences terminal, axillary, or extra-axillary, spikes, branched spikes, racemes, panicles, or sometimes capitula, bracteate. Flowers usually regular, rarely slightly zygomorphic, usually bisexual, sometimes bisexual and male flowers present in same inflorescence. Receptacle surrounding and adnate to ovary and extended into a short or long calyx tube dilated distally (together termed ...
The [email protected] Centre provides a platform for research students to deposit their Ph.D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access. Shodhganga Mirror Site ...
Mangrove sediment is a net sink for dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and (PN) particulate nitrogen (Alongi, 1996). Nutrient uptake is driven by high rates of plant productivity and microbial activity. N-fixation (incorporation of atmospheric N2 to form nitrogenous organic compounds) is active in the root-zone and contributes to the dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) pool (Kristensen et al., 1998). Some N is liberated to the atmosphere as N2 gas through denitrification (Rivera-Monroy et al., 1996, Trott et al., 2000). Particulate nitrogen (PN) is typically processed by sediment-dwelling biota such as crabs, or is exported to the coastal waters in the form of leaf litter and fine particulate matter (Ayukai et al., 1998). This material is redistributed during ebb tides and may be exported from the tidal creek.. ...
We continued our tidal creek import/export measurements during the 2017 field season. Weve measured the tidal exchange of materials (water, sediment, carbon, nutrients) several times at high-elevation and low-elevation marsh sites, to understand if marsh geomorphology influences the exchange of these materials.. ...
2013 Tidal Creek Cooperative Food Market • 5329 Oleander Dr, Wilmington, NC 28403 • 8am - 9pm • Café Open Daily 8am - 9pm, Hot Bar Open Daily 8am-8pm ...
My research aims to shed light on the biogeochemical key roles mangroves play within the complex tropical coastal systems as a carbon sink and nutrient sources. This research is quantifying the dynamics of carbon (C) nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) in a tropical mangrove tidal creek located in South Vietnam (Can Gio UNESCO Biosphere Reserve). Mangrove forests are overlooked ecosystems which have developed unique physiological processes able to produce, sequester and release globally significant amount of ecologically important elements such as C, N, and P. The study employs a multi-isotope approach (d13CPOC, d15NPON, d13CDIC, d13CDOC, d15N-NO3 & 18O-NO3) to identify the origins and movement of organic matter and dissolved elemental constituents in the mangrove surface and subsurface environment (including the water column, pore water, sediment). 24 hours time series sampling during the both dry and wet seasons, as well as during neap and spring tide cycles, will provide data to quantify of ...
Shoot organogenesis and plant regeneration were achieved on callus derived from leaf section and stem base explants of Quisqualis indica (Combretaceae). In vitro cultures were established using nodal segments obtained from mature field-grown shrubby plants. For the development of optimized protocol, different types and concentrations of plant growth regulators were used to induce adventitious shoot regeneration via callus from leaf section and one-node stem base explants obtained from in vitro regenerated micro shoots and direct field-grown newly flush-off shoots. The TDZ was considered to be the best among the cytokinins (6-benzyladenine (BA), 6-(?-?, dimethylallyamino purine) (2-iP) and thidiazuron (TDZ) added to the Murashige and Skoogs medium (MS) for adventitious shoot productions. A combination of 1.0 mg/L TDZ and 0.5 mg/L GA3 was most effective in stimulating callus induction and adventitious shoot regeneration from the leaf section derived calli with an average of 6 shoots per callus explant
Mangroves and tidal creeks harbour rich and varied fish assemblages composed mostly of small, juvenile, and larval individuals. Fish species that forage on the bottom or in the water column in open areas would be at greater risk of predation by visually-oriented hunters (piscivorous birds and fishes) than fish species that forage among vegetation. I studied open areas of shallow and clear stretches of two mangroves, two tidal creeks, and one inlet under freshwater influence in southeastern Brazil, and recorded morphological features and behavioural tactics that would lessen predation risks imposed to the fishes by piscivorous birds and fishes. Besides antipredator tactics of the fishes, I recorded potential visually-hunting predators at the same sites. Among the 24 fish species recorded, camouflage was the most common tactic and included crypsis (background matching and countershading) and masquerade (resemblance to decaying plant pieces). Transparency or translucency was another common form of ...
YSI Dissolved oxygen % saturation reporting can vary depending upon how the oxygen is calibrated.. For this data Oxygen percent saturation values is reported as DO%YSI at 1 ATM pressure relative to water-saturated air calibration, and additionally as DO%recalc, after detrending. Resulting metabolic fluxes are calculated from resulting oxygen concentrations relative to the saturation concentration at local atmospheric pressure (which in this case varies by less than 2% and can be neglected relative to much larger errors in advective and air-water transfer rates.. Water depth is logged in each creek using a HOBO U20 titanium water depth loggers rated to 30 ft, and combined with 2011 creek geometry transects by Will Kearney (Sergio Fagherazzis group at BU) in order to calculate cross-sectional areas as well as surface areas through which air-water gas exchange occurs, and tidal exchange of creek water between timesteps. Windspeed from the cited additional database (the Marshview meteorology tower) ...
Originally Posted by thinwater Wing keels have a reputation for acting like a mushroom anchor if left on the mud for long. The wing can generate a LOT of suction. If it really dries out there, I would
Always interesting to see the process when most times we get a after snap, and sometimes when we are lucky, a before … provided of course if the artwork itself was commissioned or sanctioned : ...
Over the past 150 years, human activity has had a major impact on tidal wetlands adjoining the San Francisco Bay-Delta estuary Growing concern about the effect of this change on the ecology of the estuary has prompted Bay area managers to attempt to reclaim tidal wetlands. The Sonoma Baylands Restoration Project is designed to use dredge material to convert 348 acres from farmland to wetland. This paper describes changes to a tidal creek that flows from that restoration site to San Pablo Bay (north San Francisco Bay) through an existing tidal wetland during different phases of the project. Hydrologic measurements near the bottom of the creek and cross-creek profiles show how the creek responded to non-tidal flow conditions introduced by filling the site with dredge materials. At the time of this study, the creek had deepened by approximately 40 cm but had not widened....
View more ,Microalgal blooms can result from anthropogenic nutrient loadings in coastal ecosystems. However, differentiating sources of nutrients remains a challenge. The response of phytoplankton and benthic microalgae (BMA) to nutrient loads was compared across tropical tidal creeks with and without secondary treated sewage. Primary productivity in the water column was limited by nitrogen availability in absence of sewage, with nitrogen saturation in the presence of sewage. Phytoplankton primary productivity rates and chlorophyll a concentrations increased in response to sewage, and there was a greater response than for BMA. There was no change in algal pigment proportions within the phytoplankton or BMA communities. Concentrations of the sewage marker, coprostanol, were higher near sewage discharge points decreasing downstream, correlating with a decline in nutrient concentrations. This suggests that sewage was the main source of nitrogen and phosphorus. This study highlights the scale and ...
International Journal of ChemTech Research CODEN USA: IJCRGG ISSN : 0974-4290 Vol6 No2 pp 1039-1050 April-June 2014 Design Spectral Characterization and Biological Evaluation…
The plant is often gathered from the wild for local medicinal use and as the source of a dyestuff and ink. It has been introduced into India, China and Vietnam where it has been experimentally cultivated as a substitute for R. Serpentaria in medicinal use ...
Salinity Induced Changes in the Leaf Anatomy of the Mangrove Avicennia marina along the Anthropogenically Stressed Tropical Creek Abstract.
Featuring the patented Guill Seal Right system of self-aligning tapered deflector and body design, the efficiency of such configuration has improved substantially, according to Guill.. Other advantages include a shorter changeover time, less scrap with a single head setup, improved product quality from the increased adhesion between layers, as melt adheres to melt rather than extrudate, plus the inner layer is not exposed to the environment, allowing contaminates between the layers.. Additional features of this new crosshead include multi-port spiral flow, easy disassembly and restart, positive seals for leak elimination, adaptable to all extruder brands, maximum thru-core of 1.750″ and maximum die ID of 2.000″, first layer fixed and second adjustable, the patented Guill Feather Touch concentricity adjustment, vacuum port and the ability to accept two extruders from the same side via the heated manifold assembly.. Wbsite: www.adsalecprj.com. ...
Wouri River: Wouri River, stream in southwestern Cameroon whose estuary on the Atlantic Ocean is the site of Douala, the countrys major industrial centre and port. Two headstreams-the
Avicennia marina (AM) exhibits various biological activities and has been traditionally used in Egypt to cure skin diseases. In this study, the methanolic heartwood extract of AM was evaluated for inhibitory activity against 5α-reductase (5α-R) [E.C.1.3.99.5], the enzyme responsible for the over-production of 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT) causing androgenic alopecia (AGA). An AGA-relevant cell-based assay was developed using human hair dermal papilla cells (HHDPCs), the main regulator of hair growth and the only cells within the hair follicle that are the direct site of 5α-DHT action, combined with a non-radioactive thin layer chromatography (TLC) detection technique. The results revealed that AM is a potent 5α-R type 1 (5α-R1) inhibitor, reducing the 5α-DHT production by 52% at the final concentration of 10 µg/mL. Activity-guided fractionation has led to the identification of avicequinone C, a furanonaphthaquinone, as a 5α-R1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 9.94 ± 0.33 µg/mL or 38.8 ± 1.29
Combretum quadrangulare is a small tree of the family Combretaceae which grows up to 10m high. Combretum Quadrangulare is often used by native people as Kratom substitute in South Thailand, Laos and Myanmar since kratom is banned there. There are not many suppliers in the world who offer Combretum, not even in origin countries, since farmers pick it for themselves.. ...
Photos/images of planter, Family Fabaceae: Alpine Milk-Vetch (Astragalus alpinus), Alsike Clover (Trifolium hybridum), Amorpha fruticosa, Anthyllis tetraphylla, etc.
Analysis of high-resolution (1-4 kHz) seismic chirp profiles of the New Jersey mid-outer continental shelf, coupled with sediment samples, reveal the stratigraphic architecture resulting from the last glacio-eustatic cycle: dendritic (fluvial?) channel systems truncated by a transgressive ravinement. Quantitative geomorphologic analysis of these systems provides estimates of paleo-hydrologic parameters needed to link channel morphology to the hydrodynamic setting when these systems were active. These channels were presumably fluvial systems developed on a subaerial shelf during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), ~22-20 ka. During ensuing Holocene sea-level rise, these fluvial channels became estuarine/tidal, before erosion and final burial. Mean tidal paleoflow estimates for these systems with flow velocities of 1.0-1.5 m/s and shear stresses sufficient to initiate transport of grains 2-8 mm in diameter (i.e., coarse sand and fine gravel) as bed-load, are consistent with modern tidal creeks of the ...
Cold and warm events: Probability of temperatures below or above a certain temperature threshold for a given time. Commonly used to evaluate frost. The first diagram shows the likelihood of the event in a day or in a week. You can approximate your personal tolerable risk with the second diagram. If your tolerable risk for a frost event is 20%, you should schedule sowing in late april for example. If you can accept 50% frost likelihood in favor of earlier sowing, second week of march is more suitable. The third diagrams shows the occurrences of warm and cold events in the last 30 years for each year ...
Cold and warm events: Probability of temperatures below or above a certain temperature threshold for a given time. Commonly used to evaluate frost. The first diagram shows the likelihood of the event in a day or in a week. You can approximate your personal tolerable risk with the second diagram. If your tolerable risk for a frost event is 20%, you should schedule sowing in late april for example. If you can accept 50% frost likelihood in favor of earlier sowing, second week of march is more suitable. The third diagrams shows the occurrences of warm and cold events in the last 30 years for each year ...
For best results, apply around the entire eye area - upper and lower lids. Use AM & PM.. Recommended For: All skin types.. Aloe barbadensis Leaf Juice*, Glycerin, Aqua/Water/Eau, Propanediol, Denatured Alcohol, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Carthamus tinctorius (safflower) Oleosomes*, Cucumus Sativus (Cucumber) Seed Oil, Glyceryl Behenate, Lactobacillus Ferment, Shea Butter Ethyl Esters, Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil*, Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil*, Cetyl Alcohol, Cetearyl Olivate, Olea Europaea (Olive) Oil*, Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Seed Extract, Acmella Oleracea (Spilanthes) Extract, Cedrus Atlantica Bark Extract, Iris Pallida (Sweet Iris) Leaf Cell Extract, Leucojum Aestivum (Summer Snowflake) Bulb Extract, Theobroma Grandiflorum Seed Butter*, Opuntia ficus indica (Barbary fig) leaf cell extract, Anogeissus Leiocarpus (Akulia) Bark Extract, Polygonum fagopyrum (Buckwheat) Seed Extract, Sodium hyaluronate, Algae extract, Narcissus tazetta (Daffodil) Bulb Extract*, Vitis ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Differences in morphology, carbon isotope ratios, and photosynthesis between scrub and fringe mangroves in Florida, USA. AU - Lin, Guanghui. AU - Sternberg, Leonel. PY - 1992/1/1. Y1 - 1992/1/1. N2 - All three mangrove species in Florida (USA), Rhizophora mangle L., Laguncularia racemosa Gaert. and Avicennia germinans (L.) L., are found frequently in scrub mangrove forests, in which individuals rarely exceed 1.5 m in height. In the present study, the differences in morphological characteristics, leaf carbon isotope ratios and photosynthetic gas exchange between individuals in scrub and fringe mangrove forests in south Florida were investigated quantitatively. Plants in the scrub forests had much lower canopy height, more main stems per tree and smaller leaves, relative to those in the fringe forests. There was a significant correlation between tree height and leaf δ13C value, with higher δ13C values (1-4% more positive) for plants in the scrub mangrove forests. Correspondingly, ...
Traditionally, mangrove plants have been used medicinally in diverse cases like to treat infections, relief pain and purify blood and as antioxidant. Avicennia officinalis is a folk medicinal plant used mainly against rheumatism, paralysis, asthma, snake-bites, skin disease, hepatitis, leprosy and ulcer. Phytochemical constituents from Avicennia officinalis leaf extracts were determined qualitatively. Crude extracts of the plants under study were screened for the presence of alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, tannins, diterpenes, triterpenes, sterols, saponins, glycosides, proteins, carbohydrates and reducing sugars. Avicennia officinalis was tested for bioactivity against seven bacteria.. ...
Species zonation patterns across tidal gradients in mangrove forests are formed by successful seedling establishment and maintained by replacement of adults by conspecific seedlings. These two processes rarely have been examined experimentally in neotropical mangal. We studied survivorship and growth of seedlings of two species of mangrove, Rhizophora mangle L. and Avicennia germinans (L.) Stearn, across a tidal gradient in Belize, Central America. Propagules of each species were planted in common gardens at tidal elevations corresponding to lowest low water (LLW), mean water (MW), and highest high water (HHW). Sixty-nine percent of Rhizophora seedlings planted at MW and 56% of those planted at LLW survived 1 year. Forty-seven percent of MW Avicennia seedlings also survived 1 year. No individuals of either species survived at HHW, and neither did any LLW Avicennia seedlings. Among the surviving Rhizophora seedlings, LLW seedlings grew more rapidly in terms of height, diameter, leaf production, ...
In flooded and non-flooded impounded forests of Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans), the community structure of the ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) differed among distinct mangrove vegetation cover types and hydrological regimes. This had been explained by a differential response of lineages of β-AOB to the prevailing soil conditions that included increased levels of moisture and ammonium. To test this hypothesis, slurries of soils collected from a flooded and a non-flooded impoundment were subjected to enhanced levels of ammonium in the absence and presence of additional shaking. After a period of 6 days, the community composition of the β-AOB based on the 16S rRNA gene was determined and compared with the original community structures. Regardless of the incubation conditions and the origin of the samples, sequences belonging to the Nitrosomonas aestuarii lineage became increasingly dominant, whereas the number of sequences of the lineages of Nitrosospira (i.e., Cluster 1) and
The use of spectral response curves for estimating nitrogen (N) leaf concentrations generally has been found to be a challenging task for a variety of plant species. In this investigation, leaf N concentration and corresponding laboratory hyperspectral data were examined for two species of mangrove (Avicennia germinans, Rhizophora mangle) representing a variety of conditions (healthy, poor condition, dwarf) of a degraded mangrove forest located in the Mexican Pacific. This is the first time leaf nitrogen content has been examined using close range hyperspectral remote sensing of a degraded mangrove forest. Simple comparisons between individual wavebands and N concentrations were examined, as well as two models employed to predict N concentrations based on multiple wavebands. For one model, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was developed based on known N absorption bands. For comparative purposes, a second model, based on the well-known Stepwise Multiple Linear Regression (SMLR) approach, was employed
Zonation often characterizes mangrove forests. Certain species occupy particular areas, or niches, within the ecosystem. Some mangrove species occur close to shores, fringing islands, and sheltered bays; others are found further inland, in estuaries influenced by tidal action.. Mangroves vary in height according to species and environment, from mere shrubs to 40 meter (app. 131 feet) tall trees. The prop roots of some mangrove species, such as Rhizophora spp., or red mangrove, and the pneumataphores (unique breathing roots) of others, such as Avicennia spp., or black mangrove, contain many small breathing pores, called lenticels. These allow oxygen to diffuse into the plant and down to the underground roots by means of air space tissue in the cortex, called aerenchyma. The lenticels are inactive during high tide.. Lenticels in the exposed portions of mangrove roots are highly susceptible to clogging by crude oil and other pollutants, attacks by parasites, and prolonged flooding from ...
Objective: The present study was undertaken to evaluate in-vitro antimicrobial activity of methanol, acetone and N, N-dimethylformamide extracts from leaf of Terminalia catappa L. (Combretaceae). Methods: In vitro antimicrobial activity of all the extracts was done by agar disc diffusion assay. 91 clinically important strains were used for the study, which were both clinical isolates as well as identified strains. Piperacillin and gentamicin were used as standards for antibacterial assay, while nystatin and flucanazole were used as standards for antifungal assay. Antimicrobial activity was determined by measurement of inhibition zone around each paper disc. For each extract three replicate trials were conducted against each organism. Results: The antibacterial activity was more pronounced against bacteria than fungal strains. The Gram positive bacteria were more susceptible than Gram negative bacteria. The methanol extract showed best antibacterial activity. T. catappa leaf extracts showed better
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Avicennia marina in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 09-Oct-10 ...
Criticisms voiced about the earlier volumes apply equally strongly to the present one: poor editing and very high numbers of printing errors (especially disturbing in a number of generic names), and more seriously lack of synthesis and discussion of what the diversity in venation patterns described actually means for the classification of the families and genera. For instance, questions like - does Strephonema stand apart in the Combretaceae? - is the much debated separation of the Anisophylleaceae from the Rhizophoraceae supported by divergent venation patterns? - etc., are hardly or not addressed. However, the grouping of species at the end of the book is most interesting. It shows wide ranges of variation in certain genera (e.g. Terminalia, which has species in 9 very different venation pattern groups) and very unexpected combinations of families within some of the venation groups. One consequently wonders about the systematic value of venation patterns and about the way venation patterns are ...
The antiprotozoal activity of the Ethiopian medicinal plant Combretum molle (R. Br. ex G. Don.) Engl & Diels (Combretaceae) was evaluated by in vitro testing against Plasmodium falciparum, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania donovani. The acetone fraction of the stem bark of this plant prepared by soxhlet extraction was inactive against the intracellular amastigotes of L. donovani and T. cruzi in murine peritoneal macrophages but showed significant activity against extracellular T. b. rhodesiense blood stream form trypomastigotes and trophozoites of P. falciparum with IC(50) values of 2.19 and 8.17 microg/mL, respectively. Phytochemical examination of the bioactive fraction resulted in the isolation of two tannins and two oleanane-type pentacyclic triterpene glycosides. One of the tannins was identified as the ellagitannin, punicalagin, whilst the structure of the other (CM-A) has not yet been fully elucidated. The saponins that were characterized as arjunglucoside ...
Synthesis, spectral characterization, electrochemical and anti-microbial activities of new binuclear Schiff base metal complexes derived from 3,3 diaminobenzedine
Free Online Library: FACILITATION OF CONSPECIFIC SEEDLING RECRUITMENT AND SHIFTS IN TEMPERATE SAVANNA ECOTONES. by Ecological Monographs; Biological sciences Environmental issues Oak Evaluation Oaks Seed dispersal Seedlings Research Seeds Dispersal Woody plants
Mangroves are various types of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics The remaining mangrove forest areas of the world in 2000 was 137,760 km_. The mangrove biome is a distinct saline woodland or shrubland habitat characterized by depositional coastal environments, where fine sediments (often with high organic content) collect in areas protected from high-energy wave action. Mangroves dominate three-quarters of tropical coastlines. The saline conditions tolerated by various mangrove species range from brackish water, through pure seawater, to water concentrated by evaporation to over twice the salinity of ocean seaw...
Macadamia nuts are white or cream spherical nuts, with a creamy texture between 2.5 - 3.5 cm. in diameter.. Their flavor is mild, reminding us the coconut. they have very characteristic nice texture, creamy and crunchy,.. This fruit comes from an evergreen tree of the family of Protaceae, originally from Australia. In the market we find two types of macadamia nuts, although, they are not usually distinguished.. These two closely related species are: Macadamia integrifolia and Macadamia tetraphylla. Generally, M. integrifolia is the fruit that we find in the markets.. The Australian nut or macadamia nut, is consumed as a snack food, like other nuts, but, due to its price and its exquisite flavor, it is usually reserved for gourmet dishes.. Some people get it into their diet for its medicinal properties for cholesterol, as they are very rich in omega-9 oleic acid.. ...
We have early engineers and land speculators to thank for making Charleston what it is today-a landmass nearly twice its original size. Over the past three centuries, the shape of the Charleston peninsula has evolved dramatically. Residents and city planners used a variety of means and materials to create more buildable land and a harder border between the city and the ever-present tidal rivers that brought cooling breezes, erosion, and flooding potential in equal measure. Early settlers and visitors to Charlestown built on the highest part of the peninsula first, on the banks of the Cooper River, wedged between two large tidal creeks: Daniels Creek (what became Market Street to the north) and Vanderhorst Creek (now Water Street to the south). And as tensions between the English colonists in Carolina and the Spanish in Florida ran high, the colonial government fortified the town and built a wall around the most settled area. Alexander Hewatt described the town in 1779: It is situated on a neck ...
Fabrication of Formaldehyde-based Rhizophora spp. Particleboards and Mass Attenuation Coefficients at 15.77, 17.48, 21.18 and 25.27 keV Photon Energies.
Sonneratia alba ( S. alba ) is a mangrove species grown in brackish water of tropical and subtropical regions. Due to its unique environment, it has evolved various mechanisms for modulating salt and metal levels. In order to find the genes connected with bioaccumulation of metals, the root...
Field study of biotic and abiotic factors affecting abundance and distribution of mangroves in Sydney Olympic park mangrove reserve.Mangroves are plants that live between the sea and the land, where they are flooded by tides.The word mangrove is give...
Ballester Díez, Ferran; Sáez Zafra, Marcelo L; Alonso Fustel, Mª Eva; Taracido Trunk, Margarita; Ordóñez Iriarte, José Mª; Aguinaga Ontoso, Inés; Daponte Codina, Antonio; Bellido Blasco, Juan; Guillén Pérez, José Jesús; Pérez Boíllos, Mª José; Cañada Martínez, Alvaro; Arribas Monzón, Federico; Pérez-Hoyos, Santiago ...
Altitude follows a group of teens on a weekend getaway aboard a small plane that suddenly turns deadly for the rookie pilot, Jessica Lowndes (90210), and four young friends: Julianna Guill (Friday the 13th, 90210), Ryan Donowho (Bandslam, The O.C.), Landon Liboiron (Degrassi: The Next Generation), and Jake Weary (As the World Turns).. Minutes after the group takes off, an unexplained malfunction sends the aircraft climbing out of control into the heart of a mysterious storm.. Unable to get their bearings or contact the ground, the survivors gradually realize they are locked in combat with a terrifying supernatural force.. ...
João F. Mata, José M. Garcı́a-Manteiga, M. Pilar Lostao, Sonia Fernández-Veledo, Elena Guillén-Gómez, Ignacio M. Larrayoz, Jorge Lloberas, F. Javier Casado and Marçal Pastor-Anglada ...
Yes, thats the code that I thought of as well, and same, Id have to get my head around the exact order of p_is_s (unfortunate name), etc. When you say the bug is present in ncurses 5.9, is there any application that is directly affected? I ask as screen being affected was sort of a fluke. Its configure script should have detected terminfo notation was available for use, and used the equivalent entry for cs. So Im wondering if there are many applications still out there that are trying to use the older, more terse termcap form? And also linking in with ncurses? Seems unlikely, as I would have expected that if there were, and any were using a cap entry with %i that there would have been obvious presentation problems. -- Regards. Shaddy -- Problem reports: http://cygwin.com/problems.html FAQ: http://cygwin.com/faq/ Documentation: http://cygwin.com/docs.html Unsubscribe info: http://cygwin.com/ml/#unsubscribe-simple ...
1871). D. Oliver (ed.). "Combretaceae". Flora of Tropical Africa. 2: 413-436. - (1875). "Ampelideae". Flora of British India. 1 ...
Combretaceae)". Retrieved 2012-06-05. "Terminalia sericea". Indigenous multipurpose trees of Tanzania. FAO Forestry Department ...
... is a species of Terminalia native to southern and southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.,[1][2] It is a prominent part of both dry and moist deciduous forests in southern India up to 1000 m.. Common names are Asna, Saj or Saaj, Indian-laurel, Marutham(Tamil),Matti (Kannada), Taukkyan (Burma), Sadar, Matti or Marda (India), අසන - Asana (Sri Lanka), and casually "crocodile bark" due to the characteristic bark pattern.. It is a tree growing to 30 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1 m. The fruit is ovoid, 3 cm long, with five wings not extending beyond the fruit apex.[3] The bark is fire-resistant. The wood is coarse, fairly straight grained, dull to somewhat lustrous and without any smell or taste. The heartwood varies from light brown with few markings to dark brown or brownish black and figured with darker streaks. The sapwood is reddish white and sharply differentiated. The heartwood is moderately durable and the ...
Combretaceae. Genus:. Combretum. Species:. C. indicum. Binomial name. Combretum indicum. (L.) DeFilipps. ...
Combretaceae Genus:. Combretum Species: C. micranthum Binomial name Combretum micranthum. G. Don ...
Myrtanae order 1. Myrtales family 1. Combretaceae family 2. Crypteroniaceae family 3. Melastomataceae family 4. Psiloxylaceae ...
Combretaceae) Karkalla (Carpobrotus rossii; Aizoaceae) Kutjera (Solanum centrale; Solanaceae) Lady apple (Syzygium ...
Combretaceae) in clinical research". Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 3 (3): 244. doi:10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60059 ... Highly Used Plant Species from Acanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Asteraceae, Combretaceae, and Fabaceae Families". Frontiers in ...
Bentham, George (1864). "Acacia pycnantha". Flora Australiensis . 2: Leguminosae to Combretaceae. London, United Kingdom: L. ...
... is a species of tree in the family Combretaceae known by the common name red bushwillow. It is native to ... Flora Zambesiaca Volume 4 Part 0 (1978). Combretaceae by A. W. Exell. Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Masupa, T. and E. Rampho. ...
J.Presl Combretaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Lythraceae J.St.-Hil., nom. cons. Onagraceae Juss., nom. cons. Vochysiaceae A.St.-Hil., ...
... is a genus of trees in the family Combretaceae. The 10 to 12 species are distributed in Asia and tropical Africa. ... Combretaceae)". Kew Bulletin. 33: 555-566 - via JSTOR. Anogeissus. Flora of China. Sakala, J. (2000). Silicified angiosperm ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Exell, A. W. (1978). "Combretaceae: Combretum hereroense Schinz Key". Flora Zambesiaca ...
Combretaceae R.Br.. *Crypteroniaceae A.DC.. *Lythraceae J.St.-Hil.. *ºMelastomataceae Juss. (inclui Memecylaceae DC.) ...
Combretaceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Crypteroniaceae A.DC., nom. cons.. *Lythraceae J.St.-Hil., nom. cons. ...
"Granadillo" Combretaceae, Familia de los combretums. Peter L. Weaver. USDA Forest Service. Retrieved 11 August 2013. ( ...
The larvae feed on Terminalia (Combretaceae). The genus includes the following species: Badamia atrox (Butler, 1877) (Fiji) ...
He specialised in the families Combretaceae and Myrtaceae and his plant collections are stored in the Queensland and Northern ... He is the author of A revision of Combretaceae in Australia and of papers formally describing plants including Lophopetalum ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Byrnes, Norman Brice (1977). A revision of Combretaceae in Australia. Brisbane: ...
Combretaceae (1.17%), Apocynaceae (1%); Aquifoliaceae (1%), Meliaceae (0.88%); Sapotaceae (0.85%); Burseraceae (0.81%); ...
Family: Combretaceae, Genus Combretum: Combretum apiculatum Sond. indigenous Combretum apiculatum Sond. subsp. apiculatum, ...
Combretaceae • Lythraceae • Onagraceae • Vochysiaceae • Myrtaceae • Melastomataceae • Crypteroniaceae • Alzateaceae • ...
Flora of Australia Volume 18 Podostemaceae to Combretaceae. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. p. 153. ISBN ...
Whiffin, Trevor (1990). "Melastoma". Flora of Australia: Volume 18: Podostemaceae to Combretaceae. Flora of Australia series. ...
Flora of Australia Volume 18 Podostemaceae to Combretaceae. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-644- ...
Whiffin, Trevor (1990). "Melastoma". Flora of Australia: Volume 18: Podostemaceae to Combretaceae. Flora of Australia series. ... Podostemaceae to Combretaceae. Flora of Australia series. CSIRO Publishing / Australian Biological Resources Study. page 248, ...
Larval food-plant is Combretum indicum, a Combretaceae. Poole, R. W. (1989). Lepidopterorum Catalogus (New Series) Fascicle 118 ...
... is a tree in the Combretaceae family. It is known by a variety of names in English, including bullet tree, ...
Combretaceae was the most abundant family in the forest. Indigoberry (Randia dumetorum) was the dominant species. Throughout ...
... , is a tree of the family Combretaceae. It is endemic to Western Australia. It is found in the Pilbara ...
J.Presl Alzateaceae S.A.Graham Combretaceae R.Br. Crypteroniaceae A.DC. Lythraceae J.St.-Hil. $Melastomataceae Juss. (including ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Combretaceae_(fruit)&oldid=297637740" ...
Media related to Combretaceae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Combretaceae at Wikispecies v t e. ... The Combretaceae, often called the white mangrove family, are a family of flowering plants in the order Myrtales. The family ... "GRIN Genera of Combretaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from ... doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. "Family: Combretaceae R. Br., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United ...
Combretaceae. In: Chen Cheih, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 53(1): 1-28.. ... Combretaceae 使君子科 shi jun zi ke Authors: Jie Chen & Nicholas J. Turland Trees, shrubs, or woody lianas, evergreen or deciduous ...
Combretaceae R. Brown 使君子科 Description from Flora of China. Trees, shrubs, or woody lianas, evergreen or deciduous, rarely ... Combretaceae. In: Chen Cheih, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 53(1): 1-28.. About 20 genera and ca. 500 species: widespread in ...
... Login ... Screening of twenty-four South African Combretum and six Terminalia species (Combretaceae) for antioxidant activities. Masoko, ... The dried leaves of Combretum and Terminalia species (Combretaceae) were extracted with acetone, hexane, dichloromethane and ...
ex G. Don) (Combretaceae) against Haemonchus contortus ova and larvae. Ademola, I.O.; Eloff, Jacobus Nicolaas ...
Pharmacognosy Communications [Phcog Commn.] is a new quarterly journal published by Phcog.Net. It is a peer reviewed journal aiming to publish high quality original research articles, methods, techniques and evaluation reports, critical reviews, short communications, commentaries and editorials of all aspects of medicinal plant research. The journal is aimed at a broad readership, publishing articles on all aspects of pharmacognosy, and related fields. The journal aims to increase understanding of pharmacognosy as well as to direct and foster further research through the dissemination of scientific information by the publication of manuscripts. The submission of original contributions in all areas of pharmacognosy are welcome.. The journal aims to cater the latest outstanding developments in the field of pharmacognosy and natural products and drug design covering but not limited to the following topics:. ...
Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of the Extracts of Stem Bark of Terminalia glaucescens Planch Ex Benth (Combretaceae) on ...
The [email protected] Centre provides a platform for research students to deposit their Ph.D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access. Shodhganga Mirror Site ...
Anogeissus leiocarpus (Combretaceae) is a tree widely distributed in northern Nigeria. The aqueous methanol bark extract of A. ... Combretaceae. Anogeissus leiocarpus. trypanosomiasis, babesiosis. R, SB. [69]. Terminalia avicennioides. cancer, fungal, ... Methanol extracts of Terminalia superba (Combretaceae) root and stem were effective with MIC value of 3.1 mg/mL each against T ... Combretaceae) bark inhibited T. b. brucei activity in vitro with MIC of 2.5 μg/mL [43,70,71]. Compound 13 was isolated from T. ...
Terminalia elliptica is a species of Terminalia native to southern and southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.,[1][2] It is a prominent part of both dry and moist deciduous forests in southern India up to 1000 m.. Common names are Asna, Saj or Saaj, Indian-laurel, Marutham(Tamil),Matti (Kannada), Taukkyan (Burma), Sadar, Matti or Marda (India), අසන - Asana (Sri Lanka), and casually "crocodile bark" due to the characteristic bark pattern.. It is a tree growing to 30 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1 m. The fruit is ovoid, 3 cm long, with five wings not extending beyond the fruit apex.[3] The bark is fire-resistant. The wood is coarse, fairly straight grained, dull to somewhat lustrous and without any smell or taste. The heartwood varies from light brown with few markings to dark brown or brownish black and figured with darker streaks. The sapwood is reddish white and sharply differentiated. The heartwood is moderately durable and the ...
Combretaceae. Genus:. Combretum. Species:. C. indicum. Binomial name. Combretum indicum. (L.) DeFilipps. ...
In vitro antiplasmodial and antileishmanial activities of flavonoids form Anogeissus leiocarpus (Combretaceae) ... In vitro antiplasmodial and antileishmanial activities of flavonoids form Anogeissus leiocarpus (Combretaceae). International ...
Family : Combretaceae Synonyms : Terminalia dictyoneura Diels 41 reference(s) related to this plant. ...
Family : Combretaceae 29 reference(s) related to this plant. Reference HD 11 ...
Combretaceae). J Ethnopharmacol 106:173-178CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar. *. 10.. Boateng JS, Matthews KH, Stevens NE, Eccleston ...
Combretaceae • Genus: Combretum • Species: Combretum mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl. ...
Natural Compounds: Plant Sources, Structure and Properties details the properties of over 7,500 chemical compounds of pharmacological interest found in plants. Each volume systematically covers occu
Combretaceae R.Br.. *Crypteroniaceae A.DC.. *Lythraceae J.St.-Hil.. *ºMelastomataceae Juss. (inclui Memecylaceae DC.) ...
Combretaceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Crypteroniaceae A.DC., nom. cons.. *Lythraceae J.St.-Hil., nom. cons. ...
LEGAL NOTICES - This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson ...
Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Combretaceae, Fabaceae, Mimosoideae, Fabaceae, Faboideae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Meliaceae, Rubiaceae, ...
Combretaceae. T. Thitpagan. Millettia multiflora Collett & Hemsl.. Fabaceae. T. Thitcho. Pouteria tomentosa (Roxb.) Baehni. ...
Combretaceae. Scientific Name:. Terminalia kuhlmannii Alwan & Stace. Assessment Information [top] Red List Category & Criteria: ...
Combretaceae Duration:. Growth Habit:. Native Status:. HI I. L48 N. PR N. VI N. ...
Family: Combretaceae. Local Name: Baheda. Medicinal Uses:. - Fruit is imporatant in various disorders viz., cough, sore throat ...
7) Combretaceae (. Combretum Racemosum. ); (8) Apocynaceae (. Alsotonia boonei. ); (9) Amaranthaceae (. Alternanthera Pungens. ... and Combretaceae (3 to 10 weight percent). The mixture was then diluted with water to give about 10 weight percent extract ... combretaceae, amaranthaceae, araceae, cyperaceae, anacardiaceae, bignoniaceae, bombacaceae, and caricacea plant families. ... combretaceae, (8) amaranthaceae, (9) araceae, (10) cyperaceae, (11) anacardiaceae, (12) bignoniaceae, (13) bombacaceae, (14) ...
Combretaceae) from continental African and Madagascar are published. Especially the lumping of Combretum platypetalum Welw. ex ...
Family: Combretaceae. Use: The decoction of the bark is used as tea in heart troubles. The bark gives strength to the heart. ...
Family: Combretaceae. Use: The decoction of the bark is used as tea in heart troubles. The bark gives strength to the heart. ...
  • The dried leaves of Combretum and Terminalia species (Combretaceae) were extracted with acetone, hexane, dichloromethane and methanol. (up.ac.za)
  • COMBRETACEAE (2/3) Combretum laxum, Terminalia amazonia (T), T. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 3) Clusiaccae Vismia cayennensis Combrctaceae Buchenavia oxycarpa (2) Combretaceae Combretum sp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • En effet, parmi les especes les plus utilisees par les populations du Ferlo pour se soigner, Sclerocarya birrea occupe la troisieme place apres Balanites aegyptiaca et Combretum glutinosum. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Combretaceae, often called the white mangrove family, are a family of flowering plants in the order Myrtales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Terminalia neotaliala is a species of tree in the family Combretaceae . (eol.org)
  • and Diels (Combretaceae) is an ethnomedicinally valued deciduous shrub with significant therapeutic application against diabetes in West Africa. (phcogj.com)
  • Photochemistry and Biological Activities of Extracts from Two Combretaceae Found in Burkina Faso: Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC) Guill. (isca.in)
  • Objective: The present study was undertaken to evaluate in-vitro antimicrobial activity of methanol, acetone and N, N-dimethylformamide extracts from leaf of Terminalia catappa L. (Combretaceae). (semanticscholar.org)
  • In May 2005, in an area of Cerrado from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil , insects visiting an exudation structure of an individual of Terminalia argentea Mart & Zucc ( Combretaceae ) were observed. (bvsalud.org)
  • No mês de maio de 2005, em uma área de cerrado no município de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, foram observados insetos visitando as estruturas de exsudação em um indivíduo de Terminalia agentea Mart & Zucc ( Combretaceae ). (bvsalud.org)
  • Fabaceae) is currently classified as EN on the official list of threatened flora in Brazil, and it has a long track record of being unsustainably harvested. (bgci.org)
  • Phylogenetic relationships of Combretoideae (Combretaceae) inferred from plastid, nuclear gene and spacer sequences in J. Pl. Res. (cybertaxonomy.org)
  • Phylogenetic relationships of Combretaceae inferred from nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data: implications for generic classification. (wikimedia.org)
  • The Combretaceae taxa are important materia medica in Africa and Asia. (satnt.ac.za)
  • Esta zona pose varias características especiales, pues se ubica en una franja latitudinal con influencia de una corriente marina fría y en menor grado de las masas de agua del Pacífico tropical Mexicano. (gbif.org)
  • Combretaceae by Lutgarda González Géigel † , Werner Greuter & Rosa Rankin Rodríguez - 55 pages, 12 distribution maps, 23 colour plates. (bgbm.org)
  • Data are provided by Institut de Recherche en Ecologie Tropicale (IRET), Herbier National du Gabon and the Smithsonian Institution via the Rabi plot. (gbif.org)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Terminalia (family Combretaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • Terminalia Chebula belongs to the Combretaceae family. (herbexinternational.com)
  • Terminalia superba Combretaceae Engl. (thewayhelooks.com)
  • Terminalia superba: Family: Combretaceae: Afara. (thewayhelooks.com)
  • Terminalia is een geslacht van grote bomen uit de familie van Combretaceae.Het bevat ongeveer honderd soorten welke voorkomen in tropische regionen over de hele wereld. (thewayhelooks.com)
  • ID 83064 Symbol Key TESU2 Common Name superb terminalia Family Combretaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A Distribution: Tropical western Africa. (thewayhelooks.com)
  • Terminalia superba - Terminalia superba … Wikipédia en Français, Terminalia superba - Pour les articles homonymes, voir limba. (thewayhelooks.com)
  • ID 83064 Symbol Key TESU2 Common Name superb terminalia Family Combretaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. (thewayhelooks.com)
  • En este trabajo se presenta el estudio anatómico de la madera de siete especies del género Terminalia L. (Combretaceae) que crecen en Venezuela. (journaldatabase.info)
  • Las únicas especies que no presentaron cristales fueron T. quintalata y T. yapacana y se pueden diferenciar por la presencia de fibras septadas en T. yapacana y su ausencia en T. quintalata.The wood anatomy of seven species of Terminalia (Combretaceae) is described according IAWA list for hardwood identification. (journaldatabase.info)
  • Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. (cheeswedding.com)
  • Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight: Succulent for identification 27 : 2 posts by 2 authors. (efloraofindia.com)
  • Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight : Crassulaceae For ID : Nairobi,Kenya : 17DEC14 : AK-16 9 posts by 4 authors. (efloraofindia.com)
  • Plate 75 from The flora of South Africa (vol. 2, part 2) featuring Combretaceae & Myrtaceae. (sun.ac.za)
  • Combretaceae Asclepiadaceae Capparaceae and Vitaceae were the well- represented families. (lianaecologyproject.com)
  • This study aimed to compare the wood anatomy of L. racemosa (Combretaceae) in two different forests (mangroves and transitional forests), which have different soil conditions. (ucr.ac.cr)