Colubridae: The largest family of snakes, comprising five subfamilies: Colubrinae, Natricinae, Homalopsinae, Lycodontinae, and Xenodontinae. They show a great diversity of eating habits, some eating almost anything, others having a specialized diet. They can be oviparous, ovoviviparous, or viviparous. The majority of North American snakes are colubrines. Among the colubrids are king snakes, water moccasins, water snakes, and garter snakes. Some genera are poisonous. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp321-29)Snakes: Limbless REPTILES of the suborder Serpentes.Snake Venoms: Solutions or mixtures of toxic and nontoxic substances elaborated by snake (Ophidia) salivary glands for the purpose of killing prey or disabling predators and delivered by grooved or hollow fangs. They usually contain enzymes, toxins, and other factors.BooksMicrobiology: The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Behavior Control: Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.Snake Bites: Bites by snakes. Bite by a venomous snake is characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system. (Webster's 3d ed; from Dorland, 27th ed, at snake, venomous)Antivenins: Antisera used to counteract poisoning by animal VENOMS, especially SNAKE VENOMS.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Reptiles: Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Body Size: The physical measurements of a body.Consumer Health Information: Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.Chrysosporium: A mitosporic Onygenaceae fungal genus which causes adiaspiromycosis, a pulmonary mycosis of man and rodents. One of its teleomorphs is Ajellomyces.Ceratopogonidae: A family of biting midges, in the order DIPTERA. It includes the genus Culicoides which transmits filarial parasites pathogenic to man and other primates.TexasNorth CarolinaStochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Spiders: Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)Bdellovibrio: A genus of bacteria capable of developing within other bacteria.Zoology: The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.Tongue: A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.Vertebrates: Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.Tongue Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the TONGUE.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Nature: The system of all phenomena in space and time; the totality of physical reality. It is both a scientific and philosophic concept appearing in all historic eras. (Webster 2d; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Colobinae: A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE, that inhabits the forests of Africa and Asia. The genera COLOBUS (Procolobus; colobus), Nasalis (proboscis monkey), Presbytis (Semnopithecus; leaf monkey), Pygathrix (Rhinopithecus; snub-nosed monkey), and Simias (pig-tailed langur) all belong to this subfamily.Erysipelothrix: A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that has a tendency to form long filaments. Its organisms are widely distributed in nature and are found in MAMMALS; BIRDS; and FISHES. Erysipelothrix may appear gram-negative because they decolorize easily.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.MuseumsMichiganAmphibians: VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.Contingent Negative Variation: A negative shift of the cortical electrical potentials that increases over time. It is associated with an anticipated response to an expected stimulus and is an electrical event indicative of a state of readiness or expectancy.Catalogs, LibraryHeteroptera: A suborder of HEMIPTERA, called true bugs, characterized by the possession of two pairs of wings. It includes the medically important families CIMICIDAE and REDUVIIDAE. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Hemiptera: A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.Parakeets: Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.Ophiostomatales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA that are important plant pathogens.Insects: The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)Tardigrada: A phylum of microscopic ecdysozoan invertebrates, closely related to ARTHROPODS. Members exhibit anabiosis and cryptobiosis, dormant states where metabolic activity is reduced or absent, thus making them tolerant to extreme environmental conditions. They are distributed worldwide and most are semi-aquatic.

Role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the Ca2+-induced decline of transmitter release at K+-depolarized motor neuron terminals. (1/106)

The present study tested whether a Ca2+-induced disruption of mitochondrial function was responsible for the decline in miniature endplate current (MEPC) frequency that occurs with nerve-muscle preparations maintained in a 35 mM potassium propionate (35 mM KP) solution containing elevated calcium. When the 35 mM KP contained control Ca2+ (1 mM), the MEPC frequency increased and remained elevated for many hours, and the mitochondria within twitch motor neuron terminals were similar in appearance to those in unstimulated terminals. All nerve terminals accumulated FM1-43 when the dye was present for the final 6 min of a 300-min exposure to 35 mM KP with control Ca2+. In contrast, when Ca2+ was increased to 3.6 mM in the 35 mM KP solution, the MEPC frequency initially reached frequencies >350 s-1 but then gradually fell approaching frequencies <50 s-1. A progressive swelling and eventual distortion of mitochondria within the twitch motor neuron terminals occurred during prolonged exposure to 35 mM KP with elevated Ca2+. After approximately 300 min in 35 mM KP with elevated Ca2+, only 58% of the twitch terminals accumulated FM1-43. The decline in MEPC frequency in 35 mM KP with elevated Ca2+ was less when 15 mM glucose was present or when preparations were pretreated with 10 microM oligomycin and then bathed in the 35 mM KP with glucose. When glucose was present, with or without oligomycin pretreatment, a greater percentage of twitch terminals accumulated FM1-43. However, the mitochondria in these preparations were still greatly swollen and distorted. We propose that prolonged depolarization of twitch motor neuron terminals by 35 mM KP with elevated Ca2+ produced a Ca2+-induced decrease in mitochondrial ATP production. Under these conditions, the cytosolic ATP/ADP ratio was decreased thereby compromising both transmitter release and refilling of recycled synaptic vesicles. The addition of glucose stimulated glycolysis which contributed to the maintenance of required ATP levels.  (+info)

Basolateral regulation of pHi in isolated snake renal proximal tubules in presence and absence of bicarbonate. (2/106)

Intracellular pH (pHi) and its basolateral regulation were studied in isolated proximal-proximal and distal-proximal segments of garter snake (Thamnophis spp.) renal tubules with oil-filled lumens in HEPES-buffered and in HEPES-HCO-3-buffered media (pH 7.4 at 25 degrees C). pHi was measured with the pH-sensitive fluorescent dye 2',7'-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF) under resting conditions and in response to NH4Cl pulse. Resting pHi (approximately 7.1-7.2) and its response to and rate of recovery (dpHi/dt) from an NH4Cl pulse were not affected by the presence or absence of HCO-3 in either segment. Rate of recovery was depressed by Na+ removal in distal-proximal segments only and only in HEPES buffer. It was not affected by removal of Cl- or of both Na+ and Cl- or by reduction in membrane potential through addition of Ba2+ (5 mM) or high K+ (75 mM) in either segment in either HEPES or HEPES-HCO-3 buffer. The Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor ethylisopropylamiloride (EIPA) (100 microM) and the anion exchange inhibitor DIDS (100 microM) reduced dpHi/dt in the distal-proximal segments only and only in HEPES-HCO-3 buffer. The H+-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin (1 microM), H+-K+-ATPase and K+/NH+4 exchange inhibitor Schering 28080 (10-100 microM), organic cation efflux inhibitor tetrapentylammonium (25 microM-20 mM), and K+ channel blocker tetraethylammonium (20 mM) had no effect on dpHi/dt in either segment. These data do not clearly support basolateral regulation of pHi in snake proximal renal tubules by commonly recognized Na+-dependent or Na+-independent acid or base transporters.  (+info)

Endocytic active zones: hot spots for endocytosis in vertebrate neuromuscular terminals. (3/106)

We have used a sensitive activity-dependent probe, sulforhodamine 101 (SR101), to view endocytic events within snake motor nerve terminals. After very brief neural stimulation at reduced temperature, SR101 is visualized exclusively at punctate sites located just inside the presynaptic membrane of each terminal bouton. The number of sites (approximately 26 sites/bouton) and their location (in register with postsynaptic folds) are similar to the number and location of active zones in snake motor terminals, suggesting a spatial association between exocytosis and endocytosis under these stimulus conditions. With more prolonged stimulation, larger SR101-containing structures appear at the bouton margins. Thus endocytosis occurs initially at distinct sites, which we call "endocytic active zones," whereas further stimulation recruits a second endocytic paradigm.  (+info)

Empty synaptic vesicles recycle and undergo exocytosis at vesamicol-treated motor nerve terminals. (4/106)

We investigated whether recycled cholinergic synaptic vesicles, which were not refilled with ACh, would join other synaptic vesicles in the readily releasable store near active zones, dock, and continue to undergo exocytosis during prolonged stimulation. Snake nerve-muscle preparations were treated with 5 microM vesamicol to inhibit the vesicular ACh transporter and then were exposed to an elevated potassium solution, 35 mM potassium propionate (35 KP), to release all preformed quanta of ACh. At vesamicol-treated endplates, miniature endplate current (MEPC) frequency increased initially from 0.4 to >300 s-1 in 35 KP but then declined to <1 s-1 by 90 min. The decrease in frequency was not accompanied by a decrease in MEPC average amplitude. Nerve terminals accumulated the activity-dependent dye FM1-43 when exposed to the dye for the final 6 min of a 120-min exposure to 35 KP. Thus synaptic membrane endocytosis continued at a high rate, although MEPCs occurred infrequently. After a 120-min exposure in 35 KP, nerve terminals accumulated FM1-43 and then destained, confirming that exocytosis also still occurred at a high rate. These results demonstrate that recycled cholinergic synaptic vesicles that were not refilled with ACh continued to dock and undergo exocytosis after membrane retrieval. Thus transport of ACh into recycled cholinergic vesicles is not a requirement for repeated cycles of exocytosis and retrieval of synaptic vesicle membrane during prolonged stimulation of motor nerve terminals.  (+info)

Signal transduction in the vomeronasal organ of garter snakes: ligand-receptor binding-mediated protein phosphorylation. (5/106)

The vomeronasal (VN) system of garter snakes plays an important role in several species-typical behaviors, such as prey recognition and responding to courtship pheromones. We (X.C. Jiang et al., J. Biol. Chem. 265 (1990) 8736-8744 and Y. Luo et al., J. Biol. Chem. 269 (1994) 16867-16877) have demonstrated previously that in the snake VN sensory epithelium, the chemoattractant ES20, a 20-kDa glycoprotein derived from electric shock-induced earthworm secretion, binds to its receptor which is coupled to PTX-sensitive G-proteins. Such binding results in elevated levels of IP3. We now report that ES20-receptor binding regulates the phosphorylation of two membrane-bound proteins with molecular masses of 42- and 44-kDa (p42/44) in both intact and cell-free preparations of the VN sensory epithelium. ES20 and DAG regulate the phosphorylation of p42/44 in a similar manner. ES20-receptor binding-mediated phosphorylation of p42/44 is rapid and transient, reaching a peak value within 40 seconds and decaying thereafter. Phosphorylation of p42/44 appears to be regulated by the countervailing actions of a specific membrane-bound protein kinase and a protein phosphatase. The phosphorylation of these membrane-bound proteins significantly reduces the activity of G-proteins as evidenced by a decrease in GTPase activity, but has little effect on ligand-receptor binding. These findings suggest that p42/44 play a role in modulating the signal transduction induced by ES20 in the vomeronasal system.  (+info)

Oral sensory papillae, chemo- and mechano-receptors, in the snake, Elaphe quadrivirgata. A light and electron microscopic study. (6/106)

The oral sensory papillae of the snake (Elaphe quadrivirgata), comprising a compound sensory system located along the tooth rows, were studied by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry for neuron specific enolase and S 100 protein, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Each sensory papilla exhibited a single taste bud and free nerve endings in the epithelium, and Meissner-like corpuscles, branched coiled terminals, and lamellated corpuscles in the connective tissue. The taste buds consisted of four types of cells; the type III cells, exclusively synapsing onto intragemmal nerves, were identified as gustatory in function. The gustatory cells included dense-cored and clear vesicles in the cytoplasm. These vesicles were accumulated both in the presynaptic and infranuclear regions, suggesting dual functions: the synaptocrine and paracrine/endocrine release of signal substances. The free nerve endings constantly contained mitochondria and frequent clear vesicles. The Meissner-like corpuscles were located in the uppermost zone of the connective tissue. These corpuscles consisted of nerve fibers and lamellar cells. The nerve fibers, rich in mitochondria, were folded and layered on each other. The branched coiled terminals were localized in the connective tissue along the side wall of the papillae. Nerve fibers, free from a Schwann-cell covering, swelled up to make terminals which accumulated mitochondria and glycogen particles. The lamellated corpuscles were associated with the nerve-fiber bundles in the connective tissue. Consisting of a central nerve axon and lamellar cells encircling it, these corpuscles resembled mammalian Vater-Pacini corpuscles, except that they lacked a capsule. These findings demonstrated that the snake sensory papilla represents one of the most specialized, compound sensory systems among vertebrates, which may play an important role in receiving chemical and mechanical information on prey.  (+info)

Effect of temperature on pH and electrolyte concentration in air-breathing ectotherms. (7/106)

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of temperature upon pH, protein charge and acid-base-relevant ion exchange in air-breathing ectotherms. Plasma and skeletal muscles in cane toads (Bufo marinus) and bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) were examined at 30, 20 and 10 degrees C. In addition, skeletal muscle ion concentrations were examined in black racer snakes (Coluber constrictor) at 30 and 10 degrees C. Cooling the amphibians produced a reduction in most of the plasma ion concentrations (Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), Cl(-), SO(4)(2)(-)) and in protein concentration because of increased hydration. Between 30 and 10 degrees C, total plasma osmolality fell by 14 % in the toads and by 5 % in the frogs. Plasma protein charge, calculated using the principle of electroneutrality, was unaffected by temperature, except possibly for the toads at 10 degrees C. The in vivo skeletal muscle capdelta pHi/ capdelta T ratio, where pHi is intracellular pH and T is temperature, between 30 and 20 degrees C averaged -0.014 degrees C(-)(1) in the toads and -0.019 degrees C(-)(1) in the frogs. Between 20 and 10 degrees C, there was no change in pHi in the toads and a -0.005 degrees C(-)(1) change in the frogs. The in vitro skeletal muscle capdelta pHi/ capdelta T averaged -0.011 degrees C(-)(1) in both toads and frogs. In all three species, skeletal muscle inulin space declined with cooling. Intracellular ion concentrations were calculated by subtracting extracellular fluid ion concentrations from whole-muscle ion concentrations. In general, temperature had a large effect upon intracellular ion concentrations (Na(+), K(+), Cl(-)) and intracellular CO(2) levels. The relevance of the changes in intracellular ion concentration to skeletal muscle acid-base status and protein charge and the possible mechanisms producing the adjustments in intracellular ion concentration are discussed. It is concluded that ion-exchange mechanisms make an important contribution to adjusting pH with changes in temperature.  (+info)

Disruption of actin impedes transmitter release in snake motor terminals. (8/106)

To investigate the role of actin in vertebrate nerve terminals, nerve-muscle preparations from garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) were treated with the actin-depolymerizing agent latrunculin A. Immunostaining revealed that actin filaments within presynaptic motor terminal boutons were disrupted by the drug. In preparations loaded with the optical probe FM1-43, destaining was reduced by latrunculin treatment, suggesting that transmitter release was partially blocked. Latrunculin treatment did not influence the amplitude or time course of spontaneous miniature endplate potentials (MEPPs). Similarly, endplate potentials (EPPs) evoked at low frequency were comparable in control and latrunculin-treated curarized preparations. Brief tetanic stimulation of the muscle nerve (25 Hz, 90 s) depressed EPP amplitudes in both control and latrunculin-treated preparations. After tetanus, EPPs elicited at 0. 2 Hz in control preparations recovered rapidly (0-5 min) and completely (usually potentiating to above pre-tetanus levels; 130 +/- 11 %, mean +/- s.e.m.). In contrast, EPPs evoked in latrunculin-treated preparations recovered slowly (8-10 min) and incompletely (84 +/- 8 %). The influence of latrunculin on post-tetanic EPPs depended on its concentration in the bath (KD = 3. 1 microM) and on time of incubation. These observations argue that actin filaments facilitate transmitter release rather than impede it. Specifically, actin may facilitate mobilization of vesicles towards the releasable pools.  (+info)

*Colubridae

Data related to Colubridae at Wikispecies Colubridae at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 23 January 2009. ... The Colubridae as traditionally defined are not a natural group, as many are more closely related to other groups, such as ... The Colubridae (from Latin coluber, snake) are a family of snakes. With 304 genera and 1,938 species,[citation needed] they are ... Colubridae also include a few species of true venomous snakes, notably Rhabdophis tigrinus, the Japanese grass snake or ...

*List of snakes of South Asia (Colubridae)

The following is a list of colubrid snakes of South Asia, primarily covering the region covered by mainland India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, parts of Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Island chains. This forms part of the complete list of snakes of South Asia. This section is broken into sub-sections based on genera. Gunther's vine snake Ahaetulla dispar Southwest India Green vine snake Ahaetulla nasuta India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China Oriental green snake Ahaetulla prasina Eastern India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Indo-China, Malay region Brown vine snake Ahaetulla pulverulenta Southwest India, Sri Lanka Boulenger's keelback Amphiesma parallelum India, Nepal, Myanmar, China, Indo-China Eastern striped keelback Amphiesma platyceps India (Kashmir, Northeast), Nepal Buff-striped keelback Amphiesma stolatum Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, China, Indo-China Amphiesma khasiense Hill Keelback Amphiesma monticola India ...

*Tropidonophis doriae

Colubridae. Biolib. Boulenger GA. 1897. An account of the Reptiles and Batrachians collected by Dr. L. Loria in British New ... Tropidonophis doriae, commonly known as the barred keelback, is a species of snake belonging to the family Colubridae. The ...

*List of reptiles of Bulgaria

Colubridae are a family of snakes with worldwide distribution found on every continent except Antarctica. There are 844 species ... ISBN 0-12-178560-2. "Colubridae". The Reptile Database. Retrieved 18 June 2015. Biserkov, 2007, p. 112 Biserkov, 2007, p. 124 " ... Colubridae, Typhlopidae and Viperidae. In addition, in recent years one turtle species, the North American pond slider, has ...

*Dryocalamus

Colubridae "Dryocalamus ". Dahms Tierleben. www.dahmstierleben.de/systematik/Reptilien/Squamata/Serpentes/colubroidea/ ... colubridae/colubrinae. "Dryocalamus ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org. Boulenger GA (1893). Catalogue of the ...

*Natricinae

While often regarded as a subfamily of the Colubridae, in some classifications, they are raised to the family level as ... The Natricinae are a subfamily of the Colubridae family of snakes, which comprises 28 genera. Members include many very common ...

*Pantherophis emoryi

Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular ... Colubridae). Russian Journal of Herpetology 9 (2): 105-124. Burbrink FT, Lawson R. 2007. How and when did Old World ratsnakes ...

*Pantherophis

Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol ... Colubridae). Russian Journal of Herpetology 9 (2): 105-124. Pantherophis, SSARHerps Pantherophis, The Reptile Database. ...

*Trinket snake

in German). Mehta, R.S. (2003). "Prey-handling behavior of hatchling Elaphe helena (Colubridae)". Herpetologica 59 (4): 469-474 ... Colubridae)". Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. Wall, F. (1921). Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo, Ceylon ...

*Amphiesma

A Quick Guide to the Colubridae. ...

*Rhadinophis prasinus

Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. The Catalogue of Life (http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col/details/species/id/ ...

*Oreocryptophis porphyraceus

Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. Image of Oreocryptophis porphyraceus laticincta Image of Oreocryptophis ...

*Radiated ratsnake

Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124.. ...

*Platyceps rhodorachis

Pers.: 356 Perry, G. 1985 A new subspecies of Coluber rhodorachis (Ophidia: Colubridae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology ... Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. Platyceps rhodorachis at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database http://www.podarcis. ...

*Pantherophis bairdi

Colubridae])". Journal of Kansas Herpetology 26: 16-18. Conant R (1975). A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern ... Colubridae)". Russian Journal of Herpetology 9 (2): 105-124. Burbrink FT, Lawson R (2007). "How and when did Old World ... Colubridae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 524-529. Behler JL, King FW (1979). The Audubon Society Field Guide to ...

*Black-headed ground snake

Serpentes, Colubridae) previously included in the genus Oligodon". Zool. Zhurnal 49: 1685-1690. Jan G. 1862. "Enumerazione ... It belongs to the Colubridae family. Two subspecies, Rhynchocalamus melanocephalus melanocephalus and Rhynchocalamus ...

*Italian Aesculapian snake

The Italian Aesculapian snake (Zamenis lineatus) is a species of snake in the Colubridae family. Z. lineatus is endemic to ... Colubridae): Revalidation of Camerano's Callopeltis longissimus var. lineata". The Herpetological Journal 9 (4): 153-162. ... Colubridae)". Russian Journal of Herpetology 9 (2): 105-124. List of reptiles of Italy. ...

*Corn snake

Like many species of Colubridae, corn snakes exhibit tail vibrating. It has been found that the American "rat snakes", such as ... Neogene diversification and taxonomic stability in the snake tribe Lampropeltini (Serpentes: Colubridae) Molecular ... Colubridae). Russian Journal of Herpetology 9(2): 105-124. Burbrink, F. T. and R. Lawson, 2007. How and when did Old World ...

*Orthriophis

Colubridae). Russian J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. (Orthriophis, new genus, p. 110). "Orthriophis ". The Reptile Database. www. ...

*Schokar's bronzeback

Colubridae at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 23 January 2009. An investigation into the taxonomy of Dendrelaphis ... Colubridae)" (PDF). Society for Southeast Asian Herpetology,Heidelberg, Germany. Werner, Franz (1893). "Herpetologische Nova" ( ... tristis (Daudin, 1803): revalidation of Dipsas schokari (Kuhl, 1820) (Serpentes, Colubridae) Herpetologische Nova. ...

*Gonyosoma frenatum

Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridae Aglyphae. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. Gray, J. E. 1853 ...

*List of snake genera

The one exception is the family Colubridae because ITIS information for it is currently incomplete. In this case, taxonomic ... Colubridae at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 26 August 2007.. ...

*Boiga nigriceps

Vogel, Gernot; Janis Kruse (2004). "Checklist of the Genus Boiga (Serpentes: Colubridae)". Heinz Klaus Thiesen. "Genus: Boiga ( ...

*Checkered keelback

from North and South India (Serpentes, Colubridae). Cytologia 35: pp. 455-464 Schneider, J. G., 1799 Historiae Amphibiorum ...

*Achalinus niger

In earlier classifications, subfamily Xenodermatinae, family Colubridae. See e.g. "Xenodontinae Cope, 1895". Integrated ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Behavioral and physiological control of yolk synthesis and deposition in the female red-sided garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis). AU - Garstka, William R.. AU - Tokarz, Richard. AU - Diamond, Maireanne. AU - Halpert, Andrew. AU - Crews, David. PY - 1985/1/1. Y1 - 1985/1/1. N2 - Ovarian recrudescence in female garter snakes, Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis, follows spring emergence from hibernation and mating. In the laboratory, courtship and mating stimuli significantly increased the proportion of female garter snakes becoming pregnant, although some noncourted nonmated controls also became pregnant. Females given artificial mating stimuli under anesthetic, without courtship stimuli, were no more likely than either noncourted, nonmated or anesthetized controls to become pregnant. Hormonal changes and yolk synthesis rapidly followed mating in both laboratory and field females; serum estradiol increased more than 10-fold in 2 days and serum calcium, a measure of yolk ...
Looking for Colubridae? Find out information about Colubridae. A family of cosmopolitan snakes in the order Squamata. a family of reptiles of the order Serpentes, or Ophidia. The body measures up to 3Vi m in length.... Explanation of Colubridae
Charland, M.B. & P.T. Gregory. 1995. Movements and habitat use in gravid and nongravid female garter snakes (Colubridae, Thamnophis). Journal of Zoology 236: 543-561.. Gregory, P.T. 1984. Habitat, diet, and composition of assemblages of garter snakes (Thamnophis) at eight sites on Vancouver Island. Canadian Journal of Zoology 62: 2013-2022.. Gregory, P.T. & K.W. Larsen. 1993. Geographic variation in reproductive characteristics among Canadian populations of the common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis). Copeia 1993:946-958.. Larsen, K.W. & P.T. Gregory. 1989. Population size and survivorship of the common garter snake, Thammophis sirtalis, near the northern limit of its distribution. Holarctic Ecology 12: 81-86.. Larsen, K.W., P.T. Gregory, & R. Antoniak. 1993. Reproductive ecology of the common garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis at the northern limit of its range. American Midland Naturalist 129: 336-345.. Lawson, P.A. 1994. Orientation abilities and mechanisms in nonmigratory populations of ...
IUCN. 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12th September 2007).. Queiroz, A. de, Lawson, R. and Lemos-Espinal, J.A. 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of North American Garter Snakes (Thamnophis) Based on Four Mitochondrial Genes: How Much DNA Sequence Is Enough? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 315-329.. Quintero-Díaz, G., Vázquez-Díaz, J. and Smith, H.M. 1999. Geographic distribution: Thamnophis scaliger. Herpetological Review 30(4): 237.. Rossman, D.A. and Gongora, G.L. 1997. Variation in the Mexican garter snake Thamnophis scalaris Cope and the taxonomic status of T. scaliger (Jan). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History Sci., Lousiana State University 74: 1-14.. Rossman, D.A., Ford, N.B. and Seigel, R.A. 1996. The Garter Snakes. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma and London, UK.. ...
The San Francisco garter snake, a subspecies of the common garter snake, is found in scattered wetland areas on the San Francisco Peninsula from approximately the northern boundary of San Mateo County south along the eastern and western bases of the Santa Cruz Mountains, at least to the Upper Crystal Springs Reservoir, and along the Pacific coast south to Año Nuevo Point, and thence to Waddell Creek in Santa Cruz County.[2] It is difficult to obtain reliable distribution information and population statistics for the San Francisco garter snake, because of the elusive nature of this reptile and the fact that much of the remaining suitable habitat is located on private property that has not been surveyed for the presence of the snake. This subspecies is extremely shy, difficult to locate and capture, and quick to flee to water or cover when disturbed. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has stated that many locations that previously had healthy populations of garter snakes are now in decline due to ...
By Margaret Gillespie, Illustration by Heather Lord. Someone had to do it! One fall day, as the leaves were changing color, I was taking my turn walking the Science Centers coyote, ever watchful for wildlife that she might point out to me or for animals that detect her first and take evasive action. As she began investigating a sunny patch of grass and fallen leaves, a garter snake slowly curved its way forward about two feet and stopped, remaining alert with head up and tongue flickering. Coyote conveniently decided that nothing significant was there and moved on. In contrast, I appreciated this fleeting wildlife sight, for soon New Hampshires snakes would be disappearing from view for the winter phase of their year.. Our most common New England snake, the garter snake, Thamnophis sirtalia, has a variable pattern usually combining a narrow yellow stripe down the back with a wide stripe on each side. Between stripes is a dark checkered pattern. Garter snakes received their name because this ...
The Common Garter Snake has been said to be the best-studied snake in the world. Among other studies, its interaction with the Rough-skinned Newt is perhaps the most interesting. These newts are extremely poisonous, the tetrodotoxin in their body enough to kill anything that tries to eat them (including even large mammals). Some populations of garter snakes have evolved physiological defenses against this toxin and can eat newts freely. Other populations cannot. This is said to be an "arms race" between predator and prey, the prey evolving defenses and the predator evolving mechanisms of countering them ...
Pacific Science 64, no. 1 Potential Economic Damage from Introduction of Brown Tree Snakes, Boiga irregularis (Reptilia: Colubridae), to the Islands of Hawaii Stephanie A. Shwiff, Karen Gebhardt, Katy N. Kirkpatrick, and Steven S. Shwiff, 1-10 The Brown Tree Snake (Boiga irregularis) has caused ecological and economic damage to Guam, and the snake has the…
The brown tree snake is NOT known to be established in Hawaii, but it is a species of special concern for prevention of entry. taxon: Boiga irregularis family: Colubridae common name(s): brown tree snake, brown treesnake, BTS, brown cat snake, brown catsnake
Synonyms for rat snake in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for rat snake. 13 words related to rat snake: colubrid, colubrid snake, corn snake, Elaphe guttata, red rat snake, black rat snake, blacksnake, Elaphe obsoleta.... What are synonyms for rat snake?
Flickr is almost certainly the best online photo management and sharing application in the world. Show off your favorite photos and videos to the world, securely and privately show content to your friends and family, or blog the photos and videos you take with a cameraphone.
Collins, J.T. 1991. Viewpoint: a new taxonomic arrangement for some North American amphibians and reptiles. SSAR Herpetological Review 22(2): 42-43.. Ernst, C.H. and Ernst, E.M. 2003. Snakes of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.. Greene, H.W. and Rodriguez-Robles, J.A. 2003. Feeding ecology of the California mountain kingsnake, Lampropeltis zonata (Colubridae). Copeia 2003: 308-314.. Grismer, L.L. 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Baja California, Including its Pacific Islands and the Islands in the Sea of Cortés. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California.. IUCN. 2007. 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12th September 2007).. Keogh, S.J. 1996. Evolution of the snake tribe Lampropeltini: a morphological perspective. Herpetologica 52: 406-416.. Rodríguez-Robles, J.A. and de Jesús-Escobar, J.M. 1999. Molecular systematics of New World lampropeltine snakes (Colubridae): implications for ...
The term venom has been somewhat misunderstood by both the lay public and by many scientists, and it seems useful here to define what is meant by a venom, as there is also disagreement as to its application to the Duvernoys secretion of colubrid snakes. I find the definition of Russell to be reasonably inclusive and most useful: the toxic substance produced by a plant or animal in a highly developed secretory organ or group of cells. . .which is delivered during the act of biting or stinging. An important distinction of this definition is that it defines a route of administration (roughly, injection) and that it allows for a venom to be composed of one to many toxins. For much of the lay public, venom is synonymous with toxin; this incorrect usage of terminology has served to cloud issues concerning venomous animals and on occasion has lead to incorrect application of snakebite management techniques. ...
Northwest Garter Snake - Squamata Colubridae Thamnophis ordinoides Identification & Description: The common garter snake is extremely variable in appearance, both in size and color. Adults range 18 to 54 inches [...] ...
June 25, 2014 - Every year, thousands of snakes gather at the Narcisse Snake Dens in Manitoba, Canada. Its billed as the largest gathering of snakes anywhere in the world. Manitobas climate and geology make it the perfect place for red-sided garter snakes to live and mate. It has become a tourist attraction, but its not for the faint of heart. For a news article about the Narcisse snake gathering, click here.
June 25, 2014 - Every year, thousands of snakes gather at the Narcisse Snake Dens in Manitoba, Canada. Its billed as the largest gathering of snakes anywhere in the world. Manitobas climate and geology make it the perfect place for red-sided garter snakes to live and mate. It has become a tourist attraction, but its not for the faint of heart. For a news article about the Narcisse snake gathering, click here.
Dr. Robert Mason has been studying a mysterious phenomenon for over fifteen years: the reemergence of tens of thousands of red-sided garter snakes — the world’s largest concentration of snakes — after a winter spent in a state of suspended animation in subterranean caverns. This gathering each spring in the forests of Manitoba, Canada, is one of the most extraordinary events of the natural world and is the subject of study for Dr.
I was in my backyard this evening here in Wisconsin and almost stepped on a hog-nosed that was curled up in the grass. When I looked closer it lying over a hole in the ground and appeared to have been trying to go down the hole into the ground. I went into the house to get my camera and the snake wasnt there when I came back. It waited thinking it was down the hole and while I watched a small bee came out of the hole. I eventually found the snake about 20 yards away and watched it move through the grass, it appeared to be hunting. It followed a circular path and moved back to the same spot where I had first seen it and went into the hole. The snake was about 21/2 feet long and only the front half could get into the hole. It remained that way for over an hour with the front half squirming in the hole. After a while the bee I had seen earlier came back and was trying to find its way into the hole but couldnt because of the snake. The bee eventually was able to go into the hole along side the ...
Herpetology R-100501 (MCZ:Herp:R-100501); Spilotes pullatus pullatus; North America: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago: Lesser Antilles; Trinidad:Maracas Bay Road; Animalia Chordata Reptilia Lepidosauromorpha Squamata Serpentes Colubroidea Colubridae Spilotes pullatus pullatus; Tiger Snake; Tropical Rat Snake; Animalia Chordata Reptilia Lepidosauromorpha Squamata Serpentes Colubroidea Colubridae Spilotes pullatus;
Garter snakes are slender to moderately built snakes that usually have three yellowish or greenish stripes running the length of their bodies. They average 23 to 30 inches long and have ridged...
In order to elucidate the phylogenetic relationships in European ratsnakes of the genus Elaphe, we analyzed a 597 bp part of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene of eight West Eurasian and one East Asian species. Lampropeltis served as outgroup. Maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood suggest the existence of four lineages: 1) E. scalaris; 2) the E. longissima species group comprising E. longissima, E. lineata, E. situla, E. hohenackeri, and E. persica; 3) E. quatuorlineata and 4) E. dione as a sister group to 3). Elaphe scalaris is basal and shows no closer affiliation with any other analyzed species. The Middle Eastern E. persica and E. hohenackeri appear basal within the E. longissima group. Elaphe lineata differs by 8% nucleotide substitutions from E. longissima, supporting the hypothesis that both taxa represent distinct species. Elaphe situla is associated with Elaphe longissima and E. lineata. Three analyzed subspecies of E. quatuorlineata are represented by distinct haplotypes. The extent of
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Your basket is currently empty. i ,p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the basket to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later.,p>,a href=/help/basket target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. ADW doesnt cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. ...
Looking for has guts for garters? Find out information about has guts for garters. 1. a. the lower part of the alimentary canal; intestine b. the entire alimentary canal 2. the bowels or entrails, esp of an animal 3. a silky fibrous... Explanation of has guts for garters
John S. Placyk Jr., Benjamin M. Fitzpatrick, Gary S. Casper, Randall L. Small, R. Graham Reynolds, Daniel W. A. Noble, Ronald J. Brooks and Gordon M. ...
There is currently a debate concerning the definition of the taxon Tetrapoda, which is part of a wider debate dealing with the definiton of phylogenetic groups. Many papers over recent years (eg. Gauthier et al., 1989, Rowe, 1988, Rowe et al., 1992, de Queiroz et al., 1992) have suggested that a phylogenetic, or node-based, definition, is more rigorous than one which employs a key-character, with both a crown-group definition (Altangerel et al., 1993, Norell and Novacek, 1992, Norell et al., 1993, Lebedev and Coates 1995) and a total-group definition (Patterson, 1993, Coates, 1996) having its adherents. In the case of the Tetrapoda, the crown-group would encompass the clade containing all the modern representatives, namely the Amphibia and the Amniota, plus any fossil taxa falling above the node in the cladogram representing their nearest common ancestor. In that case, Tetrapoda would exclude any fossil taxon which falls outside this grouping, independent of the possession of any key ...
There is currently a debate concerning the definition of the taxon Tetrapoda, which is part of a wider debate dealing with the definiton of phylogenetic groups. Many papers over recent years (eg. Gauthier et al., 1989, Rowe, 1988, Rowe et al., 1992, de Queiroz et al., 1992) have suggested that a phylogenetic, or node-based, definition, is more rigorous than one which employs a key-character, with both a crown-group definition (Altangerel et al., 1993, Norell and Novacek, 1992, Norell et al., 1993, Lebedev and Coates 1995) and a total-group definition (Patterson, 1993, Coates, 1996) having its adherents. In the case of the Tetrapoda, the crown-group would encompass the clade containing all the modern representatives, namely the Amphibia and the Amniota, plus any fossil taxa falling above the node in the cladogram representing their nearest common ancestor. In that case, Tetrapoda would exclude any fossil taxon which falls outside this grouping, independent of the possession of any key ...
Florida is home, at least in small part, to seven species of water snakes of the genus Nerodia. One species, the Mississippi green water snake barely enters the state on extreme western tip of the panhandle. The midland water snake, a...
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Natura - nature Mundus - physical world;material world Naturalia Biota Domain Eukaryota - eukaryotes Kingdom Animalia - animals Subkingdom Bilateria - bilaterians;triploblastic animals Branch Deuterostomia - deuterostomes Infrakingdom Chordonia Phylum Chordata - chordates Subphylum Vertebrata - vertebrates Infraphylum Gnathostomata - jawed vertebrates Superclass Tetrapoda - tetrapods Series Amniota Class Sauropsida Subclass Diapsida - diapsids Infraclass Lepidosauromorpha Superorder Lepidosauria Order Squamata Suborder Serpentes - snakes Superfamily Colubroidea Family Colubridae - colubrids;typical snakes Subfamily Colubrinae Genus Arizona H,N,P,R,B,L; Count:[*]1s;8ss 1 Arizona elegans Kennicott, in Baird, 1859 - glossy snake H,N,P,R,B,L; Count:[*]8ss ...
does not include an ontogenetic component: ontogenetic 1982). Further experiments that directly manipulate DHT changes in strikes among males parallel those among or oestrogen levels or that manipulate testosterone levels females (Fig. 1). Sex differences in behaviour have been in the presence of inhibitors such as 5- -reductase (the demonstrated in laboratory studies of some neonatal enzyme responsible for conversion of testosterone to natricines but not others. Male Butlers garter snakes, T. DHT) or aromatase (the enzyme responsible for conver- butleri, and southern water snakes, Nerodia fasciata, strike sion of testosterone to oestrogen) would be useful (Moore more frequently than do females (Scudder & Burghardt 1983; Herzog & Burghardt 1986). In contrast, among the A fourth result of this investigation is the presence of a common garter snakes tested here, females struck more time*family*treatment interaction effect on response dis- frequently than males. Sex differences are apparently ...
Taxonomic database that provides basic information about all living reptile species, such as turtles, snakes, lizards, and crocodiles, as well as tuataras and amphisbaenians, but does not include dinosaurs.
Northern Water Snake Abstract: Water snakes are widespread in Connecticut, flourishing in and near human-altered water bodies, including reservoirs and farm ponds.
Sedimentary analysis of 40 samples from four previously recognized terrace surfaces in a portion of the panhandle of Florida indicates that sedimentary parameters are useful in distinguishing individual terraces. Comparison of size distribution data and heavy mineral analyses suggests that only three rather than four terraces are distinguishable in the area under study. A composite profile across the area offers supporting evidence for the presence of three rather than font terrace surfaces. ...
Scientific Name: Lampropeltis alterna Origin: Texas, Mexico Family: Colubridae Size: 1. 5 meters Habitat: Mountainous, cliff dwelling snake.
Gastrointestinal parasites may inhabit the mouth, coming from infected prey or from regurgitated prey that brings up parasites from lower down in the intestinal tract. The parasites live out parts of their life cycle within the intermediate or primary host, taking up residence in and migrating through different organs and systems. Many such parasites come from fish and amphibians that are used by the parasite as intermediate hosts during their life cycle. Some of these parasites, such as Rhabdias spp. may cause abscesses within the mouth or may migrate to the lungs. These are commonly found in garter snakes (Thamnophis spp.), grass snakes (Natrix spp.), and water snakes (Nerodia spp.), and other reptile species fed primarily on fish. The reptiles themselves may be treated with levamisole at 10 mg/kg sq. Feeder fish may also be treated, left to swim for 24 hours in a gallon of water mixed with 250 mg of levamisole.. Protozoan infections due to amoebæ is a problem world-wide and can cause serious ...
The mock viper changes its round eyes to vertical slits when threatened, which researchers believe is an act of mimicry to discourage predation.
This lovely garter snake was nestled in the leaves and I almost stepped on it. What was very odd about this reptile was that it was VERY warm! The sun wasnt shining, so this perplexed us mightily Could it have been warming up from the decaying leaves? I find this not too likely - decay wasnt happening that fast. Might it have been a female, and she was warm because she was gravid? The body was quite stout. Garter snakes are one of the species that give birth to live young (the eggs hatch internally), so this might explain the stoutness, and maybe even the warmth. Hm...looks like I need to do a little more research ...
Juzo Varin Soft 3511 Unisex Garter Style OPEN TOE 20-30 mmHg Thigh Highs are available in petite, short or regular lengths and in beige only. Sold per pair.NOTE: THESE STOCKINGS DO NOT HAVE A SILICONE TOP BAND AND REQUIRE A GARTER BELT. Fiber content: 75% POLYAMID, 25% SPANDEX - LATEX FREEDurable and versatile, these opaque compression stockings feature a seamless, two-way stretch knit for a contoured yet comfortable fit. Juzo Varin ca
Fishpond New Zealand, SwirlColor Garter Purse Concealed Thigh Bands with Pocket - A(48-50cm)Buy . Lifestyle online: SwirlColor Garter Purse Concealed Thigh Bands with Pocket - A(48-50cm), Fishpond.co.nz
When housed and fed properly, snakes should present little problems. Problems that do arise can all too often be traced back to problems with the housing and diet.. Nutritional disorders are the result of inadequate, improper or excessive amounts of certain foods. Excessive fat, vitamin deficiencies--all can be avoided by providing a balanced diet. Most common nutritional deficiencies are vitamins B1 (due to being fed defrosted fish) and E, and calcium (or rickets, caused by an imbalance in the calcium-phosphorus ratio). Excessive weight gain due to lack of exercise and overly ample food may cause constipation.. Injuries, such as cuts, burns and scrapes can be prevented by assuring there are no sharp objects in the enclosure and that all heating equipment is properly shielded from contact. Injuries should be promptly treated to ensure against secondary bacterial infections. Topical applications of Betadine (povodine-iodine) and triple antibiotic ointment may be used and the causative conditions ...
Hemirhagerrhis is a genus of snakes of the family Colubridae. (Source: Wikipedia, , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemirhagerrhis, CC BY-SA 3.0 . Photo: (c) herpguy, all rights reserved, uploaded by Paul Freed)
Robert Powell, a biology professor and snake expert at Avila University in Kansas City, said the Brahminy blind snake - a small burrowing animal native to southeast Asia commonly known as the flowerpot snake - has long been the only known snake that routinely reproduces without a males contribution.. In the Missouri case, its possible - but unlikely - that momma snake simply stored sperm from her time in the wild. But Michelle Randecker, a naturalist at the center, said eight years is too long. Powell agreed, saying a female snake usually cant store sperm for longer than a year, although there are accounts of successful storage as long as three years.. "Long-term storage is unusual. When you run into situations like this, you always wonder, Is that a possibility?" he said. "If nothing else, its an interesting phenomena. Whether this is long-term storage or parthenogenesis, its cool. Just another sign that nature works in mysterious ways.". AJ Hendershott, outreach and education regional ...
Oh joy. Another earthworm. Can I ask what happened to the goldfish in the freshly filled water bowl we saw now and again during my first two months of captivity? Am I accurate in saying that we have exited our honeymoon phase?. Am I to suppose, now that the first bloom of romance is gone, that theres no reason to bestir yourself to go to the pet shop when you can instead step into the backyard and merely kick over some leaves for my dinner?. Do you have any idea what its like eating an earthworm? No? Heres what you do: take a ribbed condom, fill it with mud, dunk it in a bowl of chilled mucus, and-voilà.. Of course, I should be grateful. Dont think I didnt see what happened to the turtle in the next tank over. Always nice to soak in your own urine till your shell turns translucent and your beady little eyes turn milky blue. Good times. And whats the story with that little experiment to determine whether lizards have rib bones? I think by now youve collected enough evidence to resume ...
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Costa Rica has a significant number of snakebites per year and bacterial infections are often complications in these animal bites. Hereby, this study aims to identify, characterize, and report the diversity of the bacterial community in the oral and cloacal cavities of venomous and nonvenomous snakes found in wildlife in Costa Rica. The snakes where captured by casual encounter search between August and November of 2014 in the Quebrada González sector, in Braulio Carrillo National Park. A total of 120 swabs, oral and cloacal, were taken from 16 individuals of the Viperidae and Colubridae families ...
SeniorHousingNet.com provides all the available details for facilities or services that Lurie Terrace provides at 600 West Huron Street, Ann Arbor, MI, 48103. Lurie Terrace provides Retirement Home for seniors in Ann Arbor, MI. We invite you to contact Lurie Terrace for specific questions. However, for a quick overview, explore the above community details like amenities and room features to get a sense of what services and activities are available. After you browse the community photos, read the latest articles related to senior living. Search SeniorHousingNet.com for additional senior housing options near 600 West Huron Street ...
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Dormideira : Nome popular: Dormideira, Jararaquinha dormideira Classe: Reptilia. Ordem: Squamata. Família: Colubridae. Nome científico: Sibynomo... - Fotolog
Lake Erie Watersnake, Nerodia sipedon insularum, is one of two subspecies of the Common Watersnake, Nerodia sipedon (family Colubridae), found in Canada. Lake Erie Watersnakes range in appearance from being regularly patterned with dark dorsal and lateral blotches to a uniform grey (often a drab greenish or brownish) without pattern. The colour of the ventral scales is generally white or yellowish white, often with dark speckling. Lake Erie Watersnakes are heavy-bodied. The head is large and covered with broad, smooth scales and the body scales are
The Red-stripe Ribbon Snake, Thamnophis proximus rubrilineatus, is a species of garter snake found in the United States, in central Texas. It is semi-aquatic, spending most of its time on the edge of swamps, ponds, lakes, or slow moving streams.. Their diet consists primarily of amphibians, such as the northern cricket frog, but they will also consume lizards and small rodents. They get their common name from the distinctive red stripe down the center of its back. They move fast and are excellent swimmers.. Photo by LA Dawson. ...
o Stegocephali Laurin, 1998a [Tetrapoda Haworth, 1825 sensu Goodrich 1930 and Laurin & Reisz, 1997; Tetrapodamorpha Ahlberg, 1991] (maaselkärankaiset; tetrapods = vertebrates with four recognizible limbs) ,--o †Elginerpentonidae , ,-- †Elginerpeton pancheni Ahlberg, 1995 , `-- †Obruchevichthys gracilis Vorobyeva, 1977 `--+?- †Densignathus rowei Daeschler, 2000 ,--+?- †Metaxygnathus denticulus Campbell & Bell, 1977 , `-- †Ventastega curonica Ahlberg, Luksevics & Lebedev, 1994 [Panderichthys bystrovi Gross, 1941, in partim] `--+-- †Acanthostega gunnari Save-Söderbergh [Acanthostegidae] `--+--o †Ichthyostegidae , ,-- †Ichthyostegidae gen. et sp. indet. [U. Dev. WEu. (Belgium)] [Clément et al., 2004] , `--o †Ichthyostega Säve-Söderbergh, 1932 [Ichthyostegopsis] , ,-- †I. stensioi Säve-Söderbergh, 1932 [I. kochi] , ,-- †I. eigili [Ichthyostegopsis wimani] , `-- †I. watsoni `--+-- †Hynerpeton bassetti Daeschler, Shubin, Thomson & Amaral, 1994 `--+--o ...
Temple Terrace weather forecast from AccuWeather.com. Extended forecast in Temple Terrace, FL 33617 for up to 25 days includes high temperature, RealFeel and chance of precipitation
The compassionate staff at UNIVERSITY TERRACE provide individualized, medical services designed to meet the needs of each patient. Their dedicated health professionals provide careful assistance and quality care, personalized to meet the needs of each patient. As an effort to better serve you, UNIVERSITY TERRACE contact information is listed above ...
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MOUNTLAKE TERRACE - A Mountlake Terrace High School senior was booked into the Snohomish County Jail Tuesday after allegedly sending a special education student to the hospital with a broken jaw.
Meridian Terrace Serviced Apartments, Cardiff: See 63 traveller reviews, 25 candid photos, and great deals for Meridian Terrace Serviced Apartments, ranked #26 of 48 Speciality lodging in Cardiff and rated 3.5 of 5 at TripAdvisor.
ARCADECK is a decorative and protective waterproof paint for terraces, patios, balconies and roof terraces. ARCADECK covers and protects the substrate...
Book the Staybridge Suites Chicago-Oakbrook Terrace - Situated in Oakbrook Terrace, this hotel is within 3 mi (5 km) of Yorktown Shopping Center, Oakbrook Center Mall, and Drury Lane Theater. York Woods County Forest Preserve and Ty Warner Park are also within 6 mi (10 km).
Hilton Madison Monona Terrace: Poor sleep - See 1,160 traveller reviews, 288 candid photos, and great deals for Hilton Madison Monona Terrace at TripAdvisor.
Im pretty petrified of snakes, actually, but Ive been trying to work on my tolerance. Its really not the big crazy exotic snakes that I find the worst, its the little garter snakes and water snakes that horrify my the most. I recently made a dress that incorporated real snake skins, and I got over my initial disgust of them, so Im certainly not going to let a little squeamishness get in the way of enjoying some yellow snake print pants ...
The kind of lingerie piece thatll spice up your nighttime routine. Naughty black lace highlights the faux strappy garter top (no need to deal with annoying snaps), continuing onto the tops of the tights. Opaque - not see-through Nylon/spandex Wash cold, dry low Imported plus size tights
Allegro Sheer Support thigh highs without a band are designed for people who prefer to use a garter belt or skin glue. They feature a reciprocated heel and balloon toe for added comfort.
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The diet of Norther water snakes is mainly comprised of fish (50-96% of diet by volume, 56-90% of diet by frequency). Most species consumed are rough fish (a term simply meaning that anglers dont care too much for them as sport), and many are consumed as carrion. Amphibians make up the rest of their diet, but they are often eaten less frequently (4-52% of diet by volume, 17% of diet by frequency). Nevertheless, Northern water snakes are a generalist, and they have also been documented to eat shrews, crayfish, leeches, and a whole host of other animals. In the case of our misfortunate green frog above, we dont know where the green frog was actually caught. Northern water snakes can hunt on the waters surface or swim underwater to hunt. As the case is here, prey are usually brought to a shallow area of water to work about in the mouth ...
The diet of Norther water snakes is mainly comprised of fish (50-96% of diet by volume, 56-90% of diet by frequency). Most species consumed are rough fish (a term simply meaning that anglers dont care too much for them as sport), and many are consumed as carrion. Amphibians make up the rest of their diet, but they are often eaten less frequently (4-52% of diet by volume, 17% of diet by frequency). Nevertheless, Northern water snakes are a generalist, and they have also been documented to eat shrews, crayfish, leeches, and a whole host of other animals. In the case of our misfortunate green frog above, we dont know where the green frog was actually caught. Northern water snakes can hunt on the waters surface or swim underwater to hunt. As the case is here, prey are usually brought to a shallow area of water to work about in the mouth ...
Trimorphodon biscutatus (Western lyresnake) is a species of snake in the family colubrid snakes. It is found in the Nearctic and the Neotropics. Individuals are known to live for 11.8 years.. ...
You might wonder why birds like Macgregoria and the melampittas were included within Paradisaeidae when modern studies have found them to be nothing of the sort. Remember that many species are simply placed in a given taxonomic group because, historically, it has seemed about right, not because specific, detailed analysis has confirmed the close alliance of the species concerned with the undoubted core members of the group in question. Ive covered this sort of thing a few times before (go here and here for discussions of this phenomenon as seen in colubrid snakes).. It goes without saying that the approximately 40 bird-of-paradise species are a fascinating lot and Im not about to do justice to them here. Theyre remarkable not only for the flamboyant display plumage and massive sexual dimorphism present in many (though not all) species, but also for their incredible vocal displays and feeding specialisations. Theyre very obviously core corvoids, close to such groups as cuckoo-shrikes, ...
Several times a week, the birds in the garden get upset at something in the scrub. It could be anything - a tree monitor, a possum, a funny-looking twig. Lewins honeyeaters are the biggest complainers. One of them (Im sure its the same one) will come to my office window and yell at me until I go outside, at which point it will then - and Im not making this up - lead me to where a brown tree snake is dozing in the carport rafters. Since I am an advocate in letting sleeping snakes lie, the honeyeater is invariably disappointed in my response. I am sorry I dont live up to its expectations ...
07.08.2008. The Surprising Beauty of Snakes by Christie Keith, SF Gate, July 8, 2008. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/g/a/2008/07/08/petscol.DTL. When you were young, did you ever lie on your belly in a field, watching a bug crawling up a blade of grass? Did you stand perfectly still in a creek, hoping to catch a frog? Did a garter snake ever slither across your bare foot in the backyard, only to be caught in your curious hands?For many of us, our childhoods were filled with wonder at the world of nature, and free of prejudice against things that slither or crawl. But as we grew up, we frequently got the message that while puppies, kittens, and baby bunnies are adorable, cold-blooded critters are something else entirely. I know that happened to me.. But all that changed eight years ago. I started doing some editorial work for kingsnake.com, the oldest and largest reptile and amphibian Web site in the world, and had my eyes opened to the beauty of snakes and the motivations of the ...
The small snake that scared Karen last week and which I photographed -- I misidentified it. It was some kind of water snake, not a rat snake. Four readers pointed out my error, though none agreed on which water snake it was. I want to describe the process of how I decided to deal with learning that Id made a mistake for this reason: Its important to be clear that ethical questions, such as how to react when you find youve made a mistake, can be rooted in Natures paradigms without reference to religions or what society says. But, first, why does such a small detail as a little snakes mistaken name really matter? It matters because by giving us such big brains the Creator has clearly assigned us humans a job as a species. That job is to explore the Creation, learn about it, and feel for it as intensely as we can. And humankinds exploration of the Creation is rooted in the information-gathering experience. Therefore, misinformation -- even if its only the wrong name for a little snake ...
Browse our collection of garter snake information for news stories, slideshows, opinion pieces and related videos posted on AOL.com.
The Terraces at Los Altos in Los Altos, California 94022 has an Overall Rating of Superior and a Staffing Rating of Superior. See ratings on health care quality in nursing homes, why quality matters to you, and how you can help get the care you deserve. Some California nursing homes provide better care than others. The CalQualityCare.org website provides ratings of California nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities (SNF) for staffing, facility quality, and care quality and data on location, residents, deficiencies, citations, staffing, bed sores, dementia, accreditation, payment, complaints, penalties, fines, special care, finances, oversight, and regulation.
Tourists at a geothermal pool on rock terrace, Hierve el Agua, Oaxaca state, Mexico. This site includes waterfall-like rock formations or curtains that rise many metres from the valley below to a set of artificial and natural pools on a shelf looking out over the surrounding mountains. The larger pools are used for swimming. The water rises from hot springs and deposits these calcium carbonate mineral rock formations. - Stock Image C025/0358
Learn more about Encino Terrace Senior Living and other senior living providers around Encino, CA. See reviews, prices, photos, services, amenities and more...
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The final, confirmed lineup has been announced for this years Warped Tour. Among the new additions are As I Lay Dying, Bedouin Soundclash, Between The Trees, Evergreen Terrace, Ludo, Maylene And The Sons Of Disaster, MC Chris, Oreskaband and Sick City. For bands not performing on the whole tour,…
Side A Centennial Terrace and Quarry In 1931, the France Stone Company ceased operations. (A historical marker located in Sylvania in Lucas County, Ohio.)
2 NORTHUMBERLAND TERRACE MANAGEMENT COMPANY LIMITED PLYMOUTH PL1 3DD - Cash at bank £3 in 2014 and 2013, Directors JASPAL SINGH and 3 others. Find related and similar companies as well as key personal and contact numbers.
There are many materials for a terrace to choose from but a professional builder can make your list of choices both practical and beautiful.
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This cosy half-timbered house is located 10 minutes from Lac du Der, an enormous lake. A striking feature of the house is its covered terrace, measuring about 28 m2, with a view of the enclosed garden. Its a wonderful ...
Find and save ideas about Rooftop terrace on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Rooftop, Home structure and Prefab outdoor kitchen.
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Book the Assos Terrace Hotel - Located in Assos, this beachfront hotel is in the historical district and within 6 mi (10 km) of Temple of Athena, Assos Harbor, and Hudavendigar Mosque. Ancient Theater of Assos and Adatepe Olive Oil Museum are also within 12 mi (20 km).
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Outdoor kitchens, terraces, covered areas, sheds, greenhouses, equipment, furniture, and materials. From design to realisation.. ...
Liberty Terrace Care Center is a Nursing Home and Rehabilitation Center in Liberty, MO. View patient reviews, address, phone number and driving directions here now.
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In response to a request from management at the Northland Terrace Nursing and Rehabilitation Center (SIC-8051), Columbus, Ohio, a study was undertaken of headaches in workers in the laundry facility and upper respiratory infections associated with delivering Attends diapers. The study included employee interviews, environmental monitoring, and an assessment of the adequacy of the design and perfor
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Top Investment Packaged to GO!!! - 1/170 Hill View Terrace, Bentley WA 6102 House for sale. Set on the doorstep of Curtin University this modern 2 storey brick and tile home built in 2002 has been a proven rental yield of $31,200 per annum ac...
Sunny Terrace ligt in Pocheon, op 5 km van het Pocheon-stadion en op 19 km van het Amazing Park. Het biedt een tuin en airconditioning.
Looking for online definition of fascia pelvis parietalis in the Medical Dictionary? fascia pelvis parietalis explanation free. What is fascia pelvis parietalis? Meaning of fascia pelvis parietalis medical term. What does fascia pelvis parietalis mean?
Some people ask this question when they see a snake in the water. Unfortunately, many people assume all snakes in the water are cottonmouths and kill them "just in case." Along with sharks and bats, snakes are among the most misunderstood and mistreated animals on earth. Yes, some species of snakes, including the cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus), also known as the water moccasin, are venomous and therefore a potential danger. However, of the 32 snake species native to Tennessee, only 4 are venomous all others are completely harmless. Among the 28 harmless nonvenomous snakes, water snakes (Nerodia and Regina species) and eastern hognose snakes (Heterodon platirhinos) are often unfortunate victims of mistaken identity thought to be cottonmouths. This brochure was developed to highlight the differences between water snakes, hognose snakes, and cottonmouths with the hope that familiarity with these snakes will prevent further unnecessary killing of snakes. ...
Aceptado: 17 febrero 2012.. Abstract. Egg retention (ER) and intrauterine embryonic development (IED) have been considered intermediate steps in the evolution from oviparity to viviparity. Sceloporus aeneus is an oviparous lizard that is closely related to the viviparous species (Sceloporus bicanthalis). The present study addresses the following 2 questions: 1) Are intermediate stages of egg retention (ER and IED) present in populations of Sceloporus aeneus? and 2) Are ER and/or IED explained by elevation, precipitation or phylogenetic effects? Results indicate that in S. aeneus, ER differs among populations. ER was negatively related to altitude and pluvial precipitation, whereas average environmental temperature had no effect on ER or IER. In contrast to previous observations of oviparous species related to viviparous species, populations of S. aeneus with advanced IED are associated with environmental factors such as low elevation and aridity instead of high elevation and cold climate, ...
Sometimes locals brought snakes with nooses around them. Sometimes they called the snake guys to run out with their motorbikes and catch a King on their property. Its hard to believe there are so many King Cobras in such a small area. Taking so many each year from the wild and killing them for skins, gall bladders, or having them die early from dirty-cage induced disease, must be decimating the populations and seriously altering the balance that once existed in nature.. Its a fitting moniker - "King" - there is nothing like it in the snake world. It can grow to over 5.85 meters (19+ feet) long and the girth can be as thick as a mans thigh. It can eat three decent sized (2 meter+) rat snakes in a day if it chooses (in captivity). Ive seen King Cobras eat banded kraits, Malayan pit vipers, keeled rat snakes, red-tailed racers, radiated rat snakes, tree snakes, and monitor lizards over a meter long. They have voracious appetites, and dont seem to mind too much at all fighting a big 2 meter ...
Chikungunya virus is an emerging arbovirus of significant human-health concern. Little is known about its sylvatic cycle, including whether ectothermic vertebrates are permissive to infection. In this study, individuals from ten species of reptiles and amphibians were inoculated with chikungunya virus and samples of blood were tested to characterize viremia and seroconversion. Viremia was not detected in cane toads, house geckos, or American alligators, but most of the green iguanas, red-eared sliders, ball and Burmese pythons, leopard frogs, Texas toads, and garter snakes developed viremia. Peak virus titers in serum of up to 4.5, 4.7, and 5.1 log10 plaque-forming units per milliliter were observed for garter snakes, ball pythons, and Texas toads, respectively. These results add to those of other studies that have suggested a possible role for ectothermic vertebrates in the ecology of arbovirus maintenance and transmission in nature.
Wide ranging from dry rocky areas, woodlands, to wet marshes and grasslands. Tiger snakes occur in most habitats in Tasmania. They become inactive over winter, retreating into rodent burrows, hollow logs and tree stumps. Groups of as many as 26 juvenile snakes have been found overwintering in the same place. Generally, tiger snakes do not stay in the same place for more than 15 days, males being especially prone to wandering.. Tiger snakes feed mainly on mammals and birds under 300 g in weight. Tiger snakes habitually raid birds nests and have been found climbing trees to a height of 8 m. A good indicator of the presence of a Tiger snake is the alarm calls of small birds such as honeyeaters and thornbills. They also eat other vertebrates including lizards, smaller snakes, frogs and occasionally fish. Juvenile tiger snakes will use constriction to subdue struggling skinks, a principal food of smaller snakes. Adult snakes are also known to use constriction on larger prey as well. Tiger snakes are ...
Did you know…that TMJ disorders can occur at any point in life, but that they are most commonly diagnosed in young adults between the ages of 20 and 40 years old? The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons also reports that TMJ disorders are far more common among women than men. Though there is no way of knowing exactly how many people suffer from TMJ disorders (many go undiagnosed), the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research estimates that approximately 10 million people in the U.S. currently suffer from TMJ conditions. ...
According to a new study, specific back stabilizing exercises are essential for preventing the recurrence of back injuries. Following back injuries, the smaller stabilizing muscles of the back, such as the multifidus muscles, undergo atrophy. Because these smaller muscles play an important "stabilizing" role in the back, failing to rehabilitate them back to normal almost always results in reinjury. In this study, researchers found that in patients who sustained back injuries, 29% experienced reinjury within one year if they had received treatment which included back stabilizing exercises. In the group of individuals who did not receive these exercises, an astonishing 80% experienced reinjury within 1 year. This not only marks the importance of fully rehabilitating the spine following a back injury, but also shows the recurrent nature of back injuries in general. Therefore, individuals suffering from back injuries should seek treatment which addresses the health of their spine and involves the ...
ATSDR is concerned about the health effects of exposures to chemicals found in the drinking water at Camp Lejeune. Before 1986, drinking water from the Tarawa Terrace and Hadnot Point treatment plants were contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The main VOC found at Tarawa Terrace was perchloroethylene (PCE). The maximum level of PCE found in the Tarawa Terrace drinking water system was 215 micrograms per liter (μg/L), which was 43 times higher than the current U.S. maximum contaminant level (MCL) allowed in drinking water of 5 μg/L. The VOCs found at Hadnot Point were trichloroethylene (TCE), vinyl chloride, benzene, and trans-1,2-dichloroethylene (DCE). The maximum level of TCE found in the Hadnot Point drinking water system was 1,400 μg/L which was 280 times higher than the current U.S. maximum contaminant level (MCL) allowed in drinking water of 5 μg/L.. TCE, vinyl chloride, and benzene are classified as human carcinogens, while PCE is classified as a "likely" or "probable" ...

Colubridae | Article about Colubridae by The Free DictionaryColubridae | Article about Colubridae by The Free Dictionary

The body measures up to 3Vi m in length.... Explanation of Colubridae ... Find out information about Colubridae. A family of cosmopolitan snakes in the order Squamata. a family of reptiles of the order ... Colubridae. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.. Related to Colubridae: Viperidae, snakes, Elapidae ... The bites of certain species of Colubridae, such as the boomslang, may be fatal to humans. The majority of Colubridae are ...
more infohttp://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Colubridae

Behavioral and physiological control of yolk synthesis and deposition in the female red-sided garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis...Behavioral and physiological control of yolk synthesis and deposition in the female red-sided garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis...

TY - JOUR. T1 - Behavioral and physiological control of yolk synthesis and deposition in the female red-sided garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis). AU - Garstka, William R.. AU - Tokarz, Richard. AU - Diamond, Maireanne. AU - Halpert, Andrew. AU - Crews, David. PY - 1985/1/1. Y1 - 1985/1/1. N2 - Ovarian recrudescence in female garter snakes, Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis, follows spring emergence from hibernation and mating. In the laboratory, courtship and mating stimuli significantly increased the proportion of female garter snakes becoming pregnant, although some noncourted nonmated controls also became pregnant. Females given artificial mating stimuli under anesthetic, without courtship stimuli, were no more likely than either noncourted, nonmated or anesthetized controls to become pregnant. Hormonal changes and yolk synthesis rapidly followed mating in both laboratory and field females; serum estradiol increased more than 10-fold in 2 days and serum calcium, a measure of yolk ...
more infohttps://miami.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/behavioral-and-physiological-control-of-yolk-synthesis-and-deposi

Colubridae - Wikimedia CommonsColubridae - Wikimedia Commons

Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colubridae&oldid=319479804" ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Colubridae

Colubridae - WikipediaColubridae - Wikipedia

Data related to Colubridae at Wikispecies Colubridae at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 23 January 2009. ... The Colubridae as traditionally defined are not a natural group, as many are more closely related to other groups, such as ... The Colubridae (from Latin coluber, snake) are a family of snakes. With 304 genera and 1,938 species,[citation needed] they are ... Colubridae also include a few species of true venomous snakes, notably Rhabdophis tigrinus, the Japanese grass snake or ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colubridae

AnAge Browser: ColubridaeAnAge Browser: Colubridae

GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
more infohttp://genomics.senescence.info/species/browser.php?type=4&name=Colubridae

List of snakes of South Asia (Colubridae) - WikipediaList of snakes of South Asia (Colubridae) - Wikipedia

The following is a list of colubrid snakes of South Asia, primarily covering the region covered by mainland India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, parts of Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Island chains. This forms part of the complete list of snakes of South Asia. This section is broken into sub-sections based on genera. Gunthers vine snake Ahaetulla dispar Southwest India Green vine snake Ahaetulla nasuta India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China Oriental green snake Ahaetulla prasina Eastern India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Indo-China, Malay region Brown vine snake Ahaetulla pulverulenta Southwest India, Sri Lanka Boulengers keelback Amphiesma parallelum India, Nepal, Myanmar, China, Indo-China Eastern striped keelback Amphiesma platyceps India (Kashmir, Northeast), Nepal Buff-striped keelback Amphiesma stolatum Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, China, Indo-China Amphiesma khasiense Hill Keelback Amphiesma monticola India ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_snakes_of_South_Asia_(Colubridae)

Beta-defensin genes of the Colubridae snakes  Phalotris mertensi  ,  Thamnodynastes hypoconia  , and  T. strigatusBeta-defensin genes of the Colubridae snakes Phalotris mertensi , Thamnodynastes hypoconia , and T. strigatus

Beta-defensin genes of the Colubridae snakesPhalotris mertensi,Thamnodynastes hypoconia, andT. strigatus. ... Using a PCR approach, we described β-defensin sequences with two exons in three species of Colubridae snakes with high sequence ...
more infohttps://insights.ovid.com/toxic/201805000/00007824-201805000-00017

An enigmatic new snake from the Peruvian Andes, with notes on the Xenodontini (Colubridae, Xenodontinae). American Museum...An enigmatic new snake from the Peruvian Andes, with notes on the Xenodontini (Colubridae, Xenodontinae). American Museum...

An enigmatic new snake from the Peruvian Andes, with notes on the Xenodontini (Colubridae, Xenodontinae). American Museum ... An enigmatic new snake from the Peruvian Andes, with notes on the Xenodontini (Colubridae, Xenodontinae). American Museum ...
more infohttp://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5200

Description and phylogeny of three new species of Synophis (Colubridae, Dipsadinae) from the tropical Andes in Ecuador and PeruDescription and phylogeny of three new species of Synophis (Colubridae, Dipsadinae) from the tropical Andes in Ecuador and Peru

The discovery of three new species of Synophis snakes from the eastern slopes of the tropical Andes in Ecuador and Peru is reported. All previous records of S. bicolor from eastern Ecuador correspond to S. bogerti sp. n., which occurs between 1000-1750 m along a large part of the Amazonian slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes. In contrast, Synophis zamora sp. n. is restricted to southeastern Ecuador, including Cordillera del Cóndor, between 1543-1843 m. Synophis insulomontanus sp. n. is from the eastern slopes of the Andes in central and northern Peru, between 1122-1798 m, and represents the first record of Synophis from this country. All three new species share in common a large lateral spine at the base of the hemipenial body. A molecular phylogenetic tree based on three mitochondrial genes is presented, including samples of Diaphorolepis wagneri. Our tree strongly supports Synophis and Diaphorolepis as sister taxa, as well as monophyly of the three new species described here and S. calamitus. Inclusion of
more infohttps://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/6533

ADW: Colubridae: PICTURESADW: Colubridae: PICTURES

Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. ADW doesnt cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. ...
more infohttp://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Colubridae/pictures/?start=105

Colubridae Toxin and Venom ~ planetanimalzoneColubridae Toxin and Venom ~ planetanimalzone

Vidal, this volume). The family Colubridae is the largest family of modern snakes and contains roughly two-thirds of the ...
more infohttp://planetanimalzone.blogspot.com/2012/02/colubridae-toxin-and-venom.html

Species New to Science: [Herpetology • 2017] Blythia hmuifang • A Second Species of the Genus Blythia Theobald, 1868 (Squamata:...Species New to Science: [Herpetology • 2017] Blythia hmuifang • A Second Species of the Genus Blythia Theobald, 1868 (Squamata:...

A Second Species of the Genus Blythia Theobald, 1868 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Mizoram, India. Zootaxa. 4276(4); 569-581. DOI ... Colubridae (57) Columbidae (1) comb. nov. (37) Commelinaceae (3) Conference (6) Confuciusornithidae (1) Confuciusornithiformes ... ป้ายกำกับ: 2017, Asia, Author: Gernot Vogel, Colubridae, Distribution, Herpetology - Frog; Reptile Snake, India, Mizoram, ... Herpetology • 2017] Blythia hmuifang • A Second Species of the Genus Blythia Theobald, 1868 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Mizoram ...
more infohttp://novataxa.blogspot.co.il/2017/06/blythia-hmuifang.html

Maryland SnakesMaryland Snakes

Colubrids (Family Colubridae). Maryland colubrids differ from vipers by having round pupils in the eyes, no heat seeking pit ... These two species are found in the viper family (Viperidae). The remaining species are in the family Colubridae, which is the ... There are 25 different types of snakes (including sub-species) from the Family Colubridae that can be found in Maryland. Due to ...
more infohttps://dnr.maryland.gov/wildlife/Pages/plants_wildlife/herps/Fieldguide_OrderSquamata.aspx

Amphibians and Reptiles of Tibet - Herpetological Series 17, China Scientific Book Services:The Best Professional
       ...Amphibians and Reptiles of Tibet - Herpetological Series 17, China Scientific Book Services:The Best Professional ...

Amphibians and Reptiles of Tibet - Herpetological Series 17,,All books from China,especially scientific and academic books,export Chinese and English version books to libraries and book stores over the world,China Scientific Book Services:The Best Professional China Books,hceis.com
more infohttp://www.hceis.com/home/book_view.aspx?id=8596&ISBN=9787030268402&EnName=Amphibians%20and%20Reptiles%20of%20Tibet

Common garter snake - WikipediaCommon garter snake - Wikipedia

Colubridae)". Oxford Journal. 11 (3): 239-245. doi:10.1093/beheco/11.3.239.. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Garter_Snake

Tropidoclonion - WikipediaTropidoclonion - Wikipedia

Colubridae. Subfamily:. Natricinae. Genus:. Tropidoclonion. Cope, 1860. Species:. T. lineatum. Binomial name. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropidoclonion

Colubrid | snake family | Britannica.comColubrid | snake family | Britannica.com

Colubridae, characterized by the complete absence of hind limbs, the absence or considerable reduction of the left lung, and ... Alternative Title: Colubridae. Colubrid, any member of the most common family of snakes, Colubridae, characterized by the ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/animal/colubrid/media/1/126880/121284

Category:Coronella - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Coronella - Wikimedia Commons

Colubridae) (de); e zvarranikëve (sq); род влечуги (bg); Glatsnog (Coronella austriaca) (da); gen de reptile (ro); genus ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Coronella

EUR-Lex - 31992L0043 - EN - EUR-LexEUR-Lex - 31992L0043 - EN - EUR-Lex

Tarybos Direktyva 92/43/EEB. 1992 m. gegužės 21 d.. dėl natūralių buveinių ir laukinės faunos bei floros apsaugos. EUROPOS BENDRIJŲ TARYBA,. atsižvelgdama į Europos ekonominės bendrijos steigimo sutartį, ypač į jos 130s straipsnį,. atsižvelgdama į Komisijos pasiūlymą [1],. atsižvelgdama į Europos Parlamento nuomonę [2],. atsižvelgdama į Ekonomikos ir socialinių reikalų komiteto nuomonę [3],. kadangi aplinkos kokybės išsaugojimas, apsauga ir gerinimas, įskaitant natūralių buveinių ir laukinės faunos bei floros apsaugą, yra svarbiausias Bendrijos bendras tikslas, kaip nurodyta Sutarties 130r straipsnyje;. kadangi Europos bendrijos aplinkosaugos politikos ir veiksmų programa (1987-1992) [4] numato gamtos ir gamtinių išteklių apsaugos priemones;. kadangi šios direktyvos tikslas - skatinti biologinės įvairovės palaikymą, atsižvelgiant į ekonominius, socialinius, kultūrinius ir regioninius reikalavimus, todėl ši direktyva prisideda prie bendro ...
more infohttps://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/LT/TXT/?uri=CELEX:31992L0043

garter snake facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about garter snakegarter snake facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about garter snake

Length: to 60cm (24in). Family Colubridae; genus Thamnophis.. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your ... gar·ter snake • n. a harmless North American snake (genus Thamnophis, family Colubridae) that typically has well-defined ... Garter snakes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Colubridae. ...
more infohttps://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/animals/vertebrate-zoology/garter-snake

Toxins | Free Full-Text | Coagulating Colubrids: Evolutionary, Pathophysiological and Biodiscovery Implications of Venom...Toxins | Free Full-Text | Coagulating Colubrids: Evolutionary, Pathophysiological and Biodiscovery Implications of Venom...

... are iconic African snakes belonging to the family Colubridae. Both species produce strikingly similar lethal procoagulant ... Keywords: procoagulant; boomslang; Dispholidus typus; Thelotornis mossambicanus; colubridae; enzyme activity; biodiscovery; ... evolution procoagulant; boomslang; Dispholidus typus; Thelotornis mossambicanus; colubridae; enzyme activity; biodiscovery; ... are iconic African snakes belonging to the family Colubridae. Both species produce strikingly similar lethal procoagulant ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/5/171

Pantherophis obsoletus (Western Ratsnake)Pantherophis obsoletus (Western Ratsnake)

Colubridae). Russian Journal of Herpetology 9(2): 105-124. ...
more infohttp://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/63864/0

Oligodon booliati (Boo-Liats Kukri Snake)Oligodon booliati (Boo-Liat's Kukri Snake)

Colubridae. Scientific Name:. Oligodon booliati Leong & Grismer, 2004. Common Name(s): English. -. Boo-Liats Kukri Snake. ...
more infohttp://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/192046/0

Encyclopedia of LifeEncyclopedia of Life

Colubridae Oligodon (this page) Oligodon arenarius Oligodon travancoricus Beddome 1877 Oligodon arnensis (Shaw 1802) ...
more infohttps://eol.org/pages/14769/names

Dendrelaphis calligaster - JCU AustraliaDendrelaphis calligaster - JCU Australia

This slender agile snake with a whip like tail is usually found in dense vegetation, particularly in rainforest where it preys on frogs and birds as well as other small reptiles and mammals. The olive-green to brown body has darker bands and a dark streak extends from the snout back through the eye. The belly and some of the lateral scales are cream to yellow.. ...
more infohttps://www.jcu.edu.au/discover-nature-at-jcu/animals/reptiles-and-amphibians-by-scientific-name/dendrelaphis-calligaster