Intestinal Obstruction: Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.Airway Obstruction: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.Ureteral Obstruction: Blockage in any part of the URETER causing obstruction of urine flow from the kidney to the URINARY BLADDER. The obstruction may be congenital, acquired, unilateral, bilateral, complete, partial, acute, or chronic. Depending on the degree and duration of the obstruction, clinical features vary greatly such as HYDRONEPHROSIS and obstructive nephropathy.Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Colonic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON.Duodenal Obstruction: Hindrance of the passage of luminal contents in the DUODENUM. Duodenal obstruction can be partial or complete, and caused by intrinsic or extrinsic factors. Simple obstruction is associated with diminished or stopped flow of luminal contents. Strangulating obstruction is associated with impaired blood flow to the duodenum in addition to obstructed flow of luminal contents.Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction: Blocked urine flow through the bladder neck, the narrow internal urethral opening at the base of the URINARY BLADDER. Narrowing or strictures of the URETHRA can be congenital or acquired. It is often observed in males with enlarged PROSTATE glands.Urethral Obstruction: Partial or complete blockage in any part of the URETHRA that can lead to difficulty or inability to empty the URINARY BLADDER. It is characterized by an enlarged, often damaged, bladder with frequent urges to void.Nasal Obstruction: Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.Gastric Outlet Obstruction: The hindering of output from the STOMACH into the SMALL INTESTINE. This obstruction may be of mechanical or functional origin such as EDEMA from PEPTIC ULCER; NEOPLASMS; FOREIGN BODIES; or AGING.Ventricular Outflow Obstruction: Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Lacrimal Duct Obstruction: Interference with the secretion of tears by the lacrimal glands. Obstruction of the LACRIMAL SAC or NASOLACRIMAL DUCT causing acute or chronic inflammation of the lacrimal sac (DACRYOCYSTITIS). It is caused also in infants by failure of the nasolacrimal duct to open into the inferior meatus and occurs about the third week of life. In adults occlusion may occur spontaneously or after injury or nasal disease. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p250)Colonic Polyps: Discrete tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the COLON. These POLYPS are connected to the wall of the colon either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.Cholestasis: Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).Colitis: Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction: Functional obstruction of the COLON leading to MEGACOLON in the absence of obvious COLONIC DISEASES or mechanical obstruction. When this condition is acquired, acute, and coexisting with another medical condition (trauma, surgery, serious injuries or illness, or medication), it is called Ogilvie's syndrome.Hydronephrosis: Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.Cholestasis, Extrahepatic: Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.Gastrointestinal Motility: The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Gastrointestinal Transit: Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.Bezoars: Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.Diverticulosis, Colonic: A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of COLONIC DIVERTICULA in the COLON. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial, including colon aging, motor dysfunction, increases in intraluminal pressure, and lack of dietary fibers.Ileal Diseases: Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.Lung Diseases, Obstructive: Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.Jejunal Diseases: Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.Forced Expiratory Volume: Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Colitis, Ulcerative: Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.Diverticulitis, Colonic: Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.Nasolacrimal Duct: A tubular duct that conveys TEARS from the LACRIMAL GLAND to the nose.Spirometry: Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.Tissue Adhesions: Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.Dextran Sulfate: Long-chain polymer of glucose containing 17-20% sulfur. It has been used as an anticoagulant and also has been shown to inhibit the binding of HIV-1 to CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES. It is commonly used as both an experimental and clinical laboratory reagent and has been investigated for use as an antiviral agent, in the treatment of hypolipidemia, and for the prevention of free radical damage, among other applications.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Kidney Pelvis: The flattened, funnel-shaped expansion connecting the URETER to the KIDNEY CALICES.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.Vital Capacity: The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.Respiratory Function Tests: Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Bronchial DiseasesDiverticulum, Colon: A pouch or sac opening from the COLON.Constipation: Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.Azoxymethane: A potent carcinogen and neurotoxic compound. It is particularly effective in inducing colon carcinomas.Defecation: The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.Airway Resistance: Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.Colon, Sigmoid: A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid: A reagent that is used to neutralize peptide terminal amino groups.Ureter: One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.Colectomy: Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Sigmoid Diseases: Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Colostomy: The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.Colonic Diseases, Functional: Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: A condition that occurs when the obstruction of the thin-walled SUPERIOR VENA CAVA interrupts blood flow from the head, upper extremities, and thorax to the RIGHT ATRIUM. Obstruction can be caused by NEOPLASMS; THROMBOSIS; ANEURYSM; or external compression. The syndrome is characterized by swelling and/or CYANOSIS of the face, neck, and upper arms.Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).Intussusception: A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.Intestinal Perforation: Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Enema: A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.Laryngeal Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LARYNX which coordinates many functions such as voice production, breathing, swallowing, and coughing.Tracheal StenosisPalliative Care: Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Jaundice, Obstructive: Jaundice, the condition with yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes, that is due to impaired BILE flow in the BILIARY TRACT, such as INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, or EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS.Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Tracheal DiseasesDigestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.Laparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.Barium Sulfate: A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.Common Bile Duct: The largest bile duct. It is formed by the junction of the CYSTIC DUCT and the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT.Crohn Disease: A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.Colitis, Ischemic: Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.Diatrizoate Meglumine: A versatile contrast medium used for DIAGNOSTIC X-RAY RADIOLOGY.Intestine, Large: A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.Adenoma: A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Intestinal Atresia: Congenital obliteration of the lumen of the intestine, with the ILEUM involved in 50% of the cases and the JEJUNUM and DUODENUM following in frequency. It is the most frequent cause of INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION in NEWBORNS. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Mucins: High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.Dimethylhydrazines: Hydrazines substituted with two methyl groups in any position.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Bronchitis: Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.Retroperitoneal Fibrosis: A slowly progressive condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deposition of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneal space compressing the ureters, great vessels, bile duct, and other structures. When associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm, it may be called chronic periaortitis or inflammatory perianeurysmal fibrosis.Ileus: A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Radioisotope Renography: Graphic tracing over a time period of radioactivity measured externally over the kidneys following intravenous injection of a radionuclide which is taken up and excreted by the kidneys.Dacryocystorhinostomy: Surgical fistulization of the LACRIMAL SAC for external drainage of an obstructed nasolacrimal duct.Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.Hernia: Protrusion of tissue, structure, or part of an organ through the bone, muscular tissue, or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernia may involve tissues such as the ABDOMINAL WALL or the respiratory DIAPHRAGM. Hernias may be internal, external, congenital, or acquired.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.Budd-Chiari Syndrome: A condition in which the hepatic venous outflow is obstructed anywhere from the small HEPATIC VEINS to the junction of the INFERIOR VENA CAVA and the RIGHT ATRIUM. Usually the blockage is extrahepatic and caused by blood clots (THROMBUS) or fibrous webs. Parenchymal FIBROSIS is uncommon.Manometry: Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.Technetium Tc 99m Mertiatide: A technetium diagnostic aid used in renal function determination.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Colon, Descending: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between TRANSVERSE COLON and the SIGMOID COLON.1,2-Dimethylhydrazine: A DNA alkylating agent that has been shown to be a potent carcinogen and is widely used to induce colon tumors in experimental animals.Colonic Pouches: Sacs or reservoirs created to function in place of the COLON and/or RECTUM in patients who have undergone restorative proctocolectomy (PROCTOCOLECTOMY, RESTORATIVE).Duodenal Diseases: Pathological conditions in the DUODENUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Phlebography: Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.Intestinal Polyps: Discrete abnormal tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the INTESTINE. A polyp is attached to the intestinal wall either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.Drainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Pulmonary Veno-Occlusive Disease: Pathological process resulting in the fibrous obstruction of the small- and medium-sized PULMONARY VEINS and PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. Veno-occlusion can arise from fibrous proliferation of the VASCULAR INTIMA and VASCULAR MEDIA; THROMBOSIS; or a combination of both.Diverticulum: A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Urinary Bladder: A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.Epithelial Cells: Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Intubation, Gastrointestinal: The insertion of a tube into the stomach, intestines, or other portion of the gastrointestinal tract to allow for the passage of food products, etc.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Imino AcidsVena Cava, Inferior: The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Mucin-2: A gel-forming mucin found predominantly in SMALL INTESTINE and variety of mucous membrane-containing organs. It provides a protective, lubricating barrier against particles and infectious agents.Fibrosis: Any pathological condition where fibrous connective tissue invades any organ, usually as a consequence of inflammation or other injury.Intestinal Fistula: An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).Bronchoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Biliary Tract Diseases: Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.Peristalsis: A movement, caused by sequential muscle contraction, that pushes the contents of the intestines or other tubular organs in one direction.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Iliac Vein: A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.Fatty Acids, Volatile: Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.Esophageal Stenosis: A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Cecal Diseases: Pathological developments in the CECUM.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Ileostomy: Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.Lactulose: A synthetic disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It has also been used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p887)Pulmonary Ventilation: The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.Caco-2 Cells: Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation.Intestinal Volvulus: A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Cathartics: Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.Epithelium: One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Heart Septum: This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hirschsprung Disease: Congenital MEGACOLON resulting from the absence of ganglion cells (aganglionosis) in a distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE. The aganglionic segment is permanently contracted thus causing dilatation proximal to it. In most cases, the aganglionic segment is within the RECTUM and SIGMOID COLON.Urography: Radiography of any part of the urinary tract.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Common Bile Duct Diseases: Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.Mucus: The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.Auscultation: Act of listening for sounds within the body.Intubation: Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.Mice, Inbred C57BLDyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing.Foreign Bodies: Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.Cholangitis: Inflammation of the biliary ductal system (BILE DUCTS); intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both.Rhinometry, Acoustic: Diagnostic measurement of the nose and its cavity through acoustic reflections. Used to measure nasal anatomical landmarks, nasal septal deviation, and nasal airway changes in response to allergen provocation tests (NASAL PROVOCATION TESTS).HT29 Cells: Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells such as the GOBLET CELLS.Urodynamics: The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Transposition of Great Vessels: A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY arises from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.Bronchodilator Agents: Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.Meckel Diverticulum: A congenital abnormality characterized by the outpouching or sac formation in the ILEUM. It is a remnant of the embryonic YOLK SAC in which the VITELLINE DUCT failed to close.Gallstones: Solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT, usually formed in the GALLBLADDER, resulting in the condition of CHOLELITHIASIS. Gallstones, derived from the BILE, consist mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.Jejunum: The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.Intestinal Diseases: Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Jejunostomy: Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.Gastrointestinal Agents: Drugs used for their effects on the gastrointestinal system, as to control gastric acidity, regulate gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improve digestion.Aortic Stenosis, Subvalvular: A pathological constriction occurring in the region below the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.Rectal Diseases: Pathological developments in the RECTUM region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Pulmonary Emphysema: Enlargement of air spaces distal to the TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.Total Lung Capacity: The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.Aortic Arch Syndromes: Conditions resulting from abnormalities in the arteries branching from the ASCENDING AORTA, the curved portion of the aorta. These syndromes are results of occlusion or abnormal blood flow to the head-neck or arm region leading to neurological defects and weakness in an arm. These syndromes are associated with vascular malformations; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; TRAUMA; and blood clots.Residual Volume: The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a maximal expiration. Common abbreviation is RV.Citrobacter rodentium: A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus CITROBACTER, family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE. As an important pathogen of laboratory mice, it serves as a model for investigating epithelial hyperproliferation and tumor promotion. It was previously considered a strain of CITROBACTER FREUNDII.Rhinomanometry: Technique for measuring air pressure and the rate of airflow in the nasal cavity during respiration.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Cecal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the CECUM.Maximal Expiratory Flow-Volume Curves: Curves depicting MAXIMAL EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE, in liters/second, versus lung inflation, in liters or percentage of lung capacity, during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviation is MEFV.Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal: TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.Hernia, Abdominal: A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Mesocolon: The fold of peritoneum by which the COLON is attached to the posterior ABDOMINAL WALL.Dilatation, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.Methylhydrazines: Hydrazines substituted by one or more methyl groups in any position.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Dilatation: The act of dilating.Ligation: Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.Bronchi: The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.Ileal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer in the ILEUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).Kidney Tubules: Long convoluted tubules in the nephrons. They collect filtrate from blood passing through the KIDNEY GLOMERULUS and process this filtrate into URINE. Each renal tubule consists of a BOWMAN CAPSULE; PROXIMAL KIDNEY TUBULE; LOOP OF HENLE; DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULE; and KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCT leading to the central cavity of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS) that connects to the URETER.Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.Biliary Fistula: Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.

Ogilvie's syndrome after lower extremity arthroplasty. (1/26)

OBJECTIVE: To alert surgeons who perform arthroplasty to the possibility of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) after elective orthopedic procedures. To identify possible risk factors and emphasize the need for prompt recognition, careful monitoring and appropriate management so as to reduce morbidity and mortality. DESIGN: A case series. SETTING: A university-affiliated hospital that is a major referral centre for orthopedic surgery. PATIENTS: Four patients who had Ogilvie's syndrome after lower extremity arthroplasty. Of this group, 2 had primary hip arthroplasty, 1 had primary knee arthroplasty and 1 had revision hip arthroplasty. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: In all 4 patients Ogilvie's syndrome was recognized late and required surgical intervention. Two patients died as a result of postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our case series identified increasing age, immobility and patient-controlled narcotic analgesia as potential risk factors for Ogilvie's syndrome in the postoperative orthopedic patient. Prompt recognition and early consultation with frequent clinical and radiographic monitoring are necessary to avoid colonic perforation and its significant associated death rate.  (+info)

Neostigmine for the treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. (2/26)

BACKGROUND: Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction -- that is, massive dilation of the colon without mechanical obstruction -- may develop after surgery or severe illness. Although it may resolve with conservative therapy, colonoscopic decompression is sometimes needed to prevent ischemia and perforation of the bowel. Uncontrolled studies have suggested that neostigmine, may be an effective treatment. METHODS: We studied 21 patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. All had abdominal distention and radiographic evidence of colonic dilation, with a cecal diameter of at least 10 cm, and had had no response to at least 24 hours of conservative treatment. We randomly assigned 11 to receive 2.0 mg of neostigmine intravenously and 10 to receive intravenous saline. A physician who was unaware of the patients' treatment assignments recorded clinical response (defined as prompt evacuation of flatus or stool and a reduction in abdominal distention), abdominal circumference, and measurements of the colon on radiographs. Patients who had no response to the initial injection were eligible to receive open-label neostigmine three hours later. RESULTS: Ten of the 11 patients who received neostigmine had prompt colonic decompression, as compared with none of the 10 patients who received placebo (P<0.001). The median time to response was 4 minutes (range, 3 to 30). Seven patients in the placebo group and the one patient in the neostigmine group without an initial response received open-label neostigmine; all had colonic decompression. Two patients who had an initial response to neostigmine required colonoscopic decompression for recurrence of colonic distention; one eventually underwent subtotal colectomy. Side effects of neostigmine included abdominal pain, excess salivation, and vomiting. Symptomatic bradycardia developed in two patients and was treated with atropine. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction who have not had a response to conservative therapy, treatment with neostigmine rapidly decompresses the colon.  (+info)

Review article: the pharmacological treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. (3/26)

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) can be defined as a clinical condition with symptoms, signs and radiological appearance of acute large bowel obstruction unrelated to any mechanical cause. Recent reports of the efficacy of cholinesterase inhibitors in relieving acute colonic pseudo-obstruction have fuelled interest in the pharmacological treatment of this condition. The aim of the present review is to outline current perspectives in the pharmacological treatment of patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. The best documented pharmacological treatment of Ogilvie's syndrome is intravenous neostigmine (2-2.5 mg), which leads to quick decompression in a significant proportion of patients after a single infusion. However, the search for new colokinetic agents for the treatment of lower gut motor disorders has made available a number of drugs that may also be therapeutic options for Ogilvie's syndrome. Among these agents, the potential of 5-hydroxytryptamine-4 receptor agonists and motilin receptor agonists is discussed.  (+info)

Polymyositis as a cause of total gut failure. (4/26)

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal manifestations are seen in systemic sclerosis and mixed connective tissue disorders but are rare in pure polymyositis. CASE REPORT: A 44 year old woman with polymyositis who developed total gut failure requiring treatment with total parenteral nutrition is described. RESULTS: The patient's polymyositis is now fully controlled biochemically, but her gastrointestinal symptoms persist.  (+info)

Ogilvie's syndrome treatment. (5/26)

INTRODUCTION: Ogilvie's Syndrome (OS) is a rare condition caused by parasympathetic dysfunction of large bowel characterized by acute and massive colon distension without mechanical obstruction. Rarely this disease has to be treated by the surgeon but operations may be indicated in case of medical treatment failure. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out at the Emergency Surgery DPT of St Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital Bologna Italy. From 1995 to 2002 11 patients were treated for severe OS: they were 8 males and 3 females and the mean age was 68 yrs. All these subjects had large bowel distension with caecum diameter more than 8 cm without any evidence of mechanical obstruction. RESULTS: In 4 patients (36%) OS was caused by trauma or surgical procedures whereas in 7 cases (64%) was produced by other conditions. Only in 3 cases (27%) conservative treatment was successful; the remaining 8 patients were submitted to surgical therapy. 6 patients were submitted to decompressive caecostomy and in 2 cases a subtotal colectomy was done. Mortality was 36%. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of OS is indicated when there is a conservative treatment failure. The high mortality is related to diagnostic and therapeutic delays, advanced age and comorbidities.  (+info)

Systematic review: acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. (6/26)

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is the clinical syndrome of acute large bowel dilatation without mechanical obstruction that is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction occurs in hospitalized or institutionalized patients with serious underlying medical and surgical conditions. The pathogenesis of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is not completely understood but likely results from an imbalance in the autonomic regulation of colonic motor function. Metabolic or pharmacological factors, as well as spinal or retroperitoneal trauma, may alter the autonomic regulation of colonic function, leading to excessive parasympathetic suppression or sympathetic stimulation. This imbalance results in colonic atony and dilatation. Early recognition and appropriate management are critical to minimizing morbidity and mortality. The mortality rate is estimated at 40% when ischaemia or perforation occurs. The best-studied treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is intravenous neostigmine, which leads to prompt colon decompression in the majority of patients after a single infusion. In patients failing or having contraindications to neostigmine, colonoscopic decompression is the active intervention of choice. Surgery is reserved for those with peritonitis or perforation.  (+info)

Effect of polyethylene glycol electrolyte balanced solution on patients with acute colonic pseudo obstruction after resolution of colonic dilation: a prospective, randomised, placebo controlled trial. (7/26)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Conservative therapy for patients with acute colonic pseudo obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) may be successful initially but relapses are common. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) electrolyte balanced solution on the relapse rate of the syndrome after initial resolution with neostigmine or endoscopic decompression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was performed on 30 consecutive patients who presented with abdominal distension and radiographic evidence of colonic dilation, with a caecal diameter > or = 10 cm, that resolved conservatively. Patients then were randomised to receive daily 29.5 g of PEG (n = 15) or similar placebo (n = 15). Patients were monitored daily for a seven day period for stool and flatus evacuations, and colonic diameter on abdominal radiographs. Administration of the test solutions and assessment of patient symptoms and x rays were performed in a blinded fashion. A caecal diameter > or = 8 cm with a concomitant > or =10% increase after initial successful therapeutic intervention was considered as a relapse and these patients, after a second therapeutic intervention, were eligible to receive open label PEG. RESULTS: Twenty five patients received neostigmine as the initial therapeutic intervention which resulted in resolution of colonic dilation in 88% of cases. Eight patients had successful endoscopic decompression. Five (33.3%) patients in the placebo group had recurrent caecal dilation compared with none in the PEG group (p = 0.04). Therapy with PEG resulted in a significant increase in stool and flatus evacuations (p = 0.001 and 0.032, respectively) as well as in a significant decrease in the diameter of caecum, ascending and transverse colon, and abdominal circumference (p = 0.017, 0.018, 0.014, and 0.008, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Administration of PEG in patients with Ogilvie's syndrome after initial resolution of colonic dilation may increase the sustained response rate after initial therapeutic intervention.  (+info)

Treatment of pediatric Ogilvie's syndrome with low-dose erythromycin: a case report. (8/26)

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is a poorly understood syndrome, characterized by the signs, symptoms and radiological pattern of a large bowel obstruction without evidence for a mechanical obstruction. We report a case of a 2-year old boy who presented with progressive abdominal distention, vomiting and abdominal pain on postoperative d 3. Plain abdominal z-ray showed markedly dilated large bowel. Mechanical colonic obstruction was ruled out with hypaque enema. Ogilvie's syndrome was suspected. The patient received treatment with oral erythromycin which had an immediate beneficial effect. During the 6 mo follow-up, no recurrences of symptoms were observed. We provide a safe and effective therapy for Ogilvie's syndrome in pediatric individuals.  (+info)

*Ogilvie syndrome

Colonic pseudo-obstruction is characterized by massive dilatation of the cecum (diameter > 10 cm) and right colon on abdominal ... "Neostigmine for the treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction". N. Engl. J. Med. 341 (3): 137-41. doi:10.1056/ ... Drugs that disturb colonic motility (e.g., anticholinergics or opioid analgesics) contribute to the development of this ... Normal colonic motility requires integration of myogenic, neural, and hormonal influences. The enteric nervous system is ...

*Intestinal pseudoobstruction

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a clinical syndrome caused by severe impairment in the ability of the intestines to push food ... Saunders MD (October 2004). "Acute colonic pseudoobstruction". Current Gastroenterology Reports. 6 (5): 410-6. doi:10.1007/ ... Secondary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction can occur as a consequence of a number of other conditions, including Kawasaki ... Secondary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is managed by treating the underlying condition. There is no cure for primary ...

*Neostigmine

Another indication for use is the conservative management of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, or Ogilvie's syndrome, in which ... Maloney, Nell; Vargas, H. David (2005-05-01). "Acute Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction (Ogilvie's Syndrome)". Clinics in Colon and ... patients get massive colonic dilatation in the absence of a true mechanical obstruction. Hospitals sometimes administer a ...

*List of MeSH codes (C06)

... intestinal pseudo-obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.531.492.500.217 --- colonic pseudo-obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.531.568 --- ... colonic diseases, functional MeSH C06.405.469.158.272.217 --- colonic pseudo-obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.158.272.608 --- ... colonic MeSH C06.405.469.158.587.500 --- diverticulitis, colonic MeSH C06.405.469.158.701 --- megacolon MeSH C06.405.469.158. ... intestinal obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.531.099 --- afferent loop syndrome MeSH C06.405.469.531.311 --- duodenal obstruction ...

*Jejunoileal bypass

... colonic pseudo-obstruction, bypass enteropathy, volvulus with mechanical small bowel obstruction Extra-intestinal ... The colonic absorption of oxalate has been attributed to: Exposure of colonic mucosa to excessive bile salts and possibly bile ... Calcium oxalate renal stones occur commonly following JIB, along with increased colonic absorption of oxalate. ... acids, increasing colonic permeability to oxalate, or Excessive quantities of fatty acids in the gut form soaps with calcium, ...

*Ileus

... mainly in acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, Ogilvie's syndrome. A bowel obstruction is generally a mechanical obstruction of ... However, instances with symptoms and signs of a bowel obstruction occur, but with the absence of a mechanical obstruction, ... MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Intestinal Obstruction Patient UK: Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus PubMed Health: Intestinal ... Although ileus originally referred to any lack of digestive propulsion, including bowel obstruction, up-to-date medical usage ...

*Gastrointestinal disease

Surgery may also be used to treat some causes of bowel obstruction. The normal thickness of the small intestinal wall is 3-5 mm ... Functional colonic diseases refer to disorders without a known cause, and include irritable bowel syndrome and intestinal ... Other causes of illness include intestinal pseudoobstruction, and necrotizing enterocolitis. Diseases of the intestine may ... "Small-Bowel Obstruction Imaging". Medscape. Retrieved 2017-03-07. Updated: Sep 22, 2016 Fernandes, Teresa; Oliveira, Maria I.; ...

*Bowel obstruction

Small bowel obstruction on ultrasound. Differential diagnoses of bowel obstruction include: Ileus Pseudo-obstruction or ... Diverticulosis Hernias Inflammatory bowel disease Colonic volvulus (sigmoid, caecal, transverse colon) Adhesions Constipation ... Bowel obstruction, also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which ... Small bowel obstructions are most often due to adhesions and hernias while large bowel obstructions are most often due to ...

*Nausea

Obstructing disorders Pyloric obstruction Small bowel obstruction Colonic obstruction Superior mesenteric artery syndrome ... diseases Cholecystitis Pancreatitis Appendicitis Hepatitis Sensorimotor dysfunction Gastroparesis Intestinal pseudo-obstruction ... An obstruction further down in the intestine or colon will cause delayed vomiting. An infectious cause of nausea and vomiting ... Bits of fecal matter in the emesis indicate obstruction in the distal intestine or the colon. Emesis that is of a bilious ...

*Prucalopride

The drug has also been tested for the treatment of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Prucalopride, a first in class ... Prucalopride alters colonic motility patterns via serotonin 5-HT4 receptor stimulation: it stimulates colonic mass movements, ... Smart, C. J.; Ramesh, A. N. (2011). "The successful treatment of acute refractory pseudo-obstruction with Prucalopride". ... Oustamanolakis, P.; Tack, J. (2012). "Prucalopride for chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction". Alimentary Pharmacology & ...

*Volvulus

In approximately 80 percent of colonic obstructions, an invasive carcinoma is found to be the cause of the obstruction. This is ... Other rare syndromes, including Ogilvie's syndrome, chronic constipation and impaction may cause a pseudo obstruction. ... Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may cause colonic obstruction. The obstruction may be acute or chronic after years of ... Although diverticulitis may be the source of a colonic obstruction, it more commonly causes an ileus, which appears to be a ...

*Gastrointestinal tract

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a syndrome caused by a malformation of the digestive system, characterized by a severe ... Colonic Transit Study Technique and Interpretation: Can These Be Uniform Globally in Different Populations With Non-uniform ... There is no cure for intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Different types of surgery and treatment managing life-threatening ... ISBN 0-323-01639-1. Sarna, S.K. (2010). "Introduction". Colonic Motility: From Bench Side to Bedside. San Rafael, California: ...

*Endometriosis

... caused colonic ileus, ureteral obstruction and hypertension]" [A case report. Endometriosis caused colonic ileus ... Some women have recurrences after surgery or pseudo-menopause. In most cases, treatment will give women significant relief from ... ureteral obstruction and hypertension]. Lakartidningen (in Swedish). 98 (18): 2208-12. PMID 11402601. Ueda Y, Enomoto T, ... in late menopause or early menarche obstruction of menstrual outflow - for example, in Müllerian anomalies Several studies have ...
Definition of Colonic pseudo-obstruction with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
Colon deseases - Diverticular Disease: Imaging Update: Acute Colonic.... Bowtrol is formulated to maximize ones elimination without causing loose stools or uncomfortable cramping.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Waardenburg syndrome type IV De Novo SOX10 variant causing chronic intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction. AU - Hogan, Anthony R.. AU - Rao, Krishnamurti A.. AU - Thorson, Willa L.. AU - Neville, Holly L.. AU - Sola, Juan E.. AU - Perez, Eduardo A.. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Waardenburg syndrome (WS) type IV is characterized by pigmentary abnormalities, deafness and Hirschsprungs disease. This syndrome can be triggered by dysregulation of the SOX10 gene, which belongs to the SOX (SRY-related high-mobility group-box) family of genes. We discuss the first known case of a SOX10 frameshift mutation variant defined as c.895delC causing WS type IV without Hirschsprungs disease. This female patient of unrelated Kuwaiti parents, who tested negative for cystic fibrosis and Hirschsprungs disease, was born with meconium ileus and malrotation and had multiple surgical complications likely due to chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. These complications included small intestinal necrosis ...
Pseudo-obstruction is a syndrome characterized by signs and symptoms of a mechanical obstruction of the small or large bowel in the absence of an anatomic lesion that obstructs the flow of intestinal contents. Pseudo-obstruction may be acute or chron
Malignant pheochromocytoma associated with pseudo-obstruction of the colon. Murakami, Soichi; Okushiba, Shun-ichi; Ohno, Koichi; Ito, Kiyotaka; Satou, Kousaku; Sugiura, Hiroshi; Morikawa, Toshiaki; Furukawa, Koji; Kondo, Satoshi; Katoh, Hiroyuki; Nihei, Kazuyoshi // Journal of Gastroenterology;2003, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p175 Effective treatment has not yet been established for intestinal pseudo-obstruction, a rare complication of malignant pheochromocytoma. We report the case of a 41-year-old man who presented with malignant pheochromocytoma associated with pseudo-obstruction of the colon. His serum catecholamine... ...
The main treatment is nutritional support to prevent malnutrition and antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. Disorders that may coexist and worsen symptoms of pseudo-obstruction--such as gastroparesis (delayed stomach emptying), gastroesophageal reflux, or bacterial overgrowth--need to be identified and treated.. The challenges of treating chronic pseudo-obstruction are often multifaceted and involve the patient and family as well as the physician. The physician may suggest a multidisciplinary approach to treatment. A management team might include the childs pediatric gastroenterologist, a pediatric pain management specialist, a behavioral specialist, and others.. Chronic abdominal pain or the fear of pain is a common complaint in children with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and may be treated with behavioral or relaxation therapy as well as with non-narcotic medicines.. Some children are able to benefit from small, frequent meals. Others are unable or unwilling to eat because of the ...
The term intestinal pseudo-obstruction denotes a syndrome characterized by a clinical picture suggestive of mechanical obstruction in the absence of any demonstrable evidence of such an obstruction in the intestine. On the basis of the clinical presentation, pseudo-obstruction syndromes can be divided into acute and chronic forms.
운동 기능의 저하는 넓게 분류해서 장 폐쇄 혹은 소장 무력증 혹은 마비 때문으로 나눌 수 있다. 하지만, 장 폐쇄의 증상이 있으면서 물리적인 장 폐쇄는 없는 경우가 있는데 이를 "급성 대장성 거짓폐쇄증" (acute colonic pseudoobstruction), 또는 오길비 증후군 (Ogilvies syndrome)이라고 한다.. 장폐쇄 (bowel obstruction)는 위장관이 어떤 물리적인 요인으로 막한 것을 말한다.. 소장의 마비는 마비성 장폐색 (paralytic ileus)이라고 하는데, 완전 마비일 필요는 없으나 내용물이 이동하지 못해 장 폐색을 일으킬 정도로 운동 기능이 저하되어있어야한다. 마비성 장폐색은 특정 수술 후에 흔하게 발생하는 부작용으로, 이때는 "수술 후 장폐색" (postsurgical ileus)이라고도 한다. 약이나 외상, 또는 질환 (급성 췌장염 (acute pancreatitis) 등) 역시 원인 중 하나다. 마비성 장폐색은 변비와 ...
CIIPS in children has been reported under a variety of names; megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, chronic adynamic ileus, pseudo-Hirschsprungs disease, adynamic bowel syndrome, colonic neuronal dysplasia, and hollow visceral myopathy.17-25 It is the result of a heterogeneous group of disorders of the enteric neuromusculature that cause severe intestinal dysmotility, resulting in functional obstruction.26-30 Analysis of published studies has shown that most patients develop symptoms early in life.31 In this series, 32 of 44 children developed symptoms during the 1st year of life. At birth they may present with obstruction of either the gut or urinary tract, or both. A persistent bilious aspirate can indicate an associated midgut malrotation. Later, the main presentation is with chronic constipation and/or abdominal distension associated with obstruction and episodic vomiting, which may be bile stained. Previous studies have either been of ...
Discussion Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare, severe syndrome with impaired gastro-intestinal motility leading to functional obstruction resembling mechanical obstruction. It usually affects elderly people with underlying co-morbidities, and early recognition and appropriate management are essential to reduce life-threatening complications.1 The condition may be idiopathic or secondary to other conditions. Most cases are sporadic. Familial forms with either dominant or recessive autosomal inheritance have been described. Histologically, it is classified into neuropathies, mesenchymopathies and myopathies, according to the predominant involvement of enteric neurons, interstitial cells of Cajal or smooth-muscle cells, respectively.2 Hollow visceral myopathy (HVM) is a myopathic cause of CIPO. HVM is a rare clinical entity characterised by impaired intestinal function and motility secondary to a smooth-muscle defect.3,4 Familial visceral myopathy is the most common type, with ...
Learn more about Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction at Atlanta Outpatient Surgery Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
A clinicopathologic study was made of 16 patients with amyloidosis and with clinical signs of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. amyloid deposits in the small intestine were proved in all cases by endoscopic or intra-operative biopsies, and immunohistochemical study identified the chemical types of amyloid protein: amyloid A protein (AA) in 13 cases, light chain protein (AL) in two, and beta 2-microglobulin (AH) in one. Clinically, an acute self limiting obstructive condition was evident in 13 cases with AA, and 12 of them returned to normal bowel function after receiving total parenteral nutrition. Two cases with AL and one with AH presented chronic, intermittent, obstructive symptoms, and medical treatment, including total parenteral nutrition, was ineffective with no recovery of intestinal propulsion. Pathological examination of the necropsy specimens in seven cases showed considerable differences in the preferential sites of gastrointestinal deposits between the chemical types of amyloid; ...
Discusses chronic and acute forms of intestinal pseudo-obstruction and briefly describes symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of this rare condition.
A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Intestinal pseudo-obstruction
Ogilvie syndrome is the acute dilation of the colon in the absence of any mechanical obstruction in severely ill patients. Colonic pseudo-obstruction is characterized by massive dilatation of the cecum (diameter > 10 cm) and right colon on abdominal X-ray. It is a type of megacolon, sometimes referred to as "acute megacolon", to distinguish it from toxic megacolon. The condition carries the name of the British surgeon Sir William Heneage Ogilvie (pl) (1887-1971), who first reported it in 1948. Usually the patient has abdominal distention, pain and altered bowel movements. There may also be nausea and vomiting. Ogilvie syndrome may occur after surgery, especially following coronary artery bypass surgery and total joint replacement. Drugs that disturb colonic motility (e.g., anticholinergics or opioid analgesics) contribute to the development of this condition. The exact mechanism is not known. The probable explanation is imbalance in the regulation of colonic motor activity by the autonomic ...
Dr. Contreras responded: Labs and X-rays. First you have to make sure there arent any other causes of true obstruction. This is done with a combination of x-rays or scans, physical examination, review of the medical history, and laboratory tests. After other causes have been eliminated, then the patient is treated for pseudo-obstruction, also called ogilves syndrome.
Treatment. There is no specific treatment for individuals with CIP. Treatment is directed toward the specific symptoms that are apparent in each individual, and to support adequate nutritional needs. Treatment may require the coordinated efforts of a team of specialists. Pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologists, surgeons, pain management specialists, psychologists, dietitians, and other healthcare professionals may need to systematically and comprehensively plan an affect individual's treatment.. The specific therapeutic procedures and interventions for individuals with CIP will vary, depending upon numerous factors including the specific symptoms present, the site and extent of the affected portion of the GI tract, an individual's age and overall health, tolerance of certain medications or procedures, personal preference and other factors. Decisions concerning the use of particular therapeutic interventions should be made by physicians and other members of the healthcare team in ...
Authors: G Ravenscroft, S Pannell, G OGrady, R Ong, HC Ee, F Faiz, L Marns, H Goel, P Kumarasinghe, E Sollis, P Sivadorai, M Wilson, A Magoffin, S Nightingale, M-L Freckmann, EP Kirk, R Sachdev, DA Lemberg, MB Delatycki, MA Kamm, C Basnayake, PJ Lamont, DJ Amor, K Jones, J Schilperoort, MR Davis, NG Laing
This cross sectional study has characterised the spectrum of clinical, pathological, and prognostic features of the syndrome of CIIP in adults attending a tertiary referral hospital. It was designed to give an overview of the condition which case reports cannot do, because of their focus on individual patients and their inherent bias in reporting unusual features. It demonstrates that in a specialised centre, using our diagnostic criteria, most patients have a visceral myopathy, with a prolonged but disabling course.. The condition of CIIP is rare. We do not believe that our patients are completely typical of affected patients in the community. However only a limited number of tertiary referral centres are likely to manage enough patients with this condition to enable a report such as this to be composed. Some patients will have a relatively benign course with limited symptoms and no need for nutritional supplementation, as occurred in some of the relatives of patient 14. Although this family ...
Andrews JM, Brierley SM, Blackshaw LA. Small intestinal motor and sensory function and dysfunction. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtrans Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 96.. Camilleri M. Disorders of gastrointestinal motility. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldmans Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 136.. Fry RD, Mahmoud NN, Maron DJ, Bleier JIS. Colon and rectum. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 52. ...
Approval date: Aug. 30,2012. 851199-59-2 CAS NO. L-Cysteinyl-L-cysteinyl-L-glutamyl-L-tyrosyl-L-cysteinyl-L-cysteinyl-L-asparaginyl-L-prolyl-L-alanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-threonylglycyl-L-cysteinyl-L-tyrosine cyclo(1-6),(2-10),(5-13)-tris(disulfide). Linaclotide is a peptide consisting of 14 amino acids. The sequence is. H-Cys1-Cys2-Glu3-Tyr4-Cys5-Cys6-Asn7-Pro8-Ala9-Cys10-Thr11-Gly12-Cys13-Tyr14-OH. There are three disulfide bonds: Between Cys1 and Cys6, between Cys2 and Cys10, and between Cys5 and Cys13.[8]. Linaclotide (marketed under the trade name Linzess) is an experimentalpeptide agonist of guanylate cyclase 2C that is undergoing clinical trials for use in treating abdominal pain in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) accompanied by constipation. The drug also looks promising in the treatment of gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO), andinertia coli as well.[1] The drug was developed by Ironwood Pharmaceuticals, based in Cambridge, Massachusetts.. Linaclotide was ...
Causes of secondary intestinal pseudo-obstruction include abdominal or pelvic surgery, infections, medications such as opiates and antidepressants that affect muscles and nerves.
Oxidative Phosphorylation, Phosphorylation, Genes, DNA, Mitochondrial DNA, Mutations, Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction, Mitochondrial Disorders, Patients, Acidosis, Arrhythmia, ATP, Birth, Cardiomyopathies, Cardiomyopathy, Counseling, Dependency, Diagnosis, Disease, Genetic Counseling
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARP) comprise a family of enzymes which catalyse poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of DNA-binding proteins. Multiple researches indicate the importance of PARP in promoting cell recruitment and thereby inducing organ injury in various forms of inflammation, such as colitis. We have evaluated the effects of two PARP inhibitors, nicotinamide and 1,5-dihydroxyisoquinoline, in acute colitis induced by trinitrobenzensulfonic acid (TNBS) in rats. Nicotinamide (20-40 mg/kg) and 1,5-dihydroxyisoquinoline (4-8 mg/kg) were administered 48, 24 and 1 h prior to the induction of colitis as well as 24 h later. 48 h after colitis induction the lesions were blindly scored and quantified as ulcer index. Histological study and colonic inflammation were assessed by gross appearance and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis and, cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 expressions by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were also performed. Inflammation following TNBS
One of his best-known accomplishments was to include vulgar slang for copulation and female genitalia. But he also frequently bragged of being far less opposed than previous editors to including foreign words. According to Dr. Ogilvies book, he once told Newsweek, "It seemed obvious to me that the vocabulary of all English-speaking countries abroad should receive proper attention ...
A wise woman with the name of Christy Beam and her family seem to have the answer. She told us all about it, in riveting details, in her book titled Miracles from Heaven: A Little Girl, Her Journey to Heaven, and Her Amazing Story of Healing.. The book is a memoir of how her daughter Annabel, then 10 years of age, recovered from a rare intestinal disease called pseudo-obstruction motility disorder. For a layman like me, it means the disability to digest food. After many months of medical treatment, and continual pain and suffering on that little body, she was basically sent home to die. While playing in her backyard with her older sister, they climbed up a huge but dead cottonwood tree that measured almost 3 stories high. She fell head-down into the hollow of the trunk. It took rescuers 3 hours before they could hoist her out of that narrow pit and flew her to a nearby hospital. She woke up shortly with no serious injuries: no broken bones, no neurological damage, none whatsoever.. After she was ...
Bowel obstruction occurs when the normal flow of intraluminal contents is interrupted. Obstruction can be functional (due to abnormal intestinal physiology) or due to a mechanical obstruction, which can be acute or chronic. Advanced small bowel obstr
Yes. Gastroparesis is defined by delayed gastric emptying in the absence of any mechanical obstruction. To put it more simply, food stays in the stomach lo...
In some individuals with primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction, the condition is caused by mutations in the FLNA gene. This gene provides instructions for producing the protein filamin A, which helps build the network of protein filaments (cytoskeleton) that gives structure to cells and allows them to change shape and move. Filamin A attaches (binds) to another protein called actin and helps it form the branching network of filaments that make up the cytoskeleton.. Some individuals with primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction have FLNA gene mutations that result in an abnormally short filamin A protein. Others have duplications or deletions of genetic material in the FLNA gene. Researchers believe that these genetic changes may impair the function of the filamin A protein, causing abnormalities in the cytoskeleton of nerve cells (neurons) in the gastrointestinal tract. These abnormalities interfere with the nerves ability to produce the coordinated waves of muscle contractions (peristalsis) that ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Can intestinal pseudo-obstruction drive recurrent stroke-like episodes in late-onset MELAS syndrome? A case report and review of the literature. AU - Gagliardi, Delia. AU - Mauri, Eleonora. AU - Magri, Francesca. AU - Velardo, Daniele. AU - Meneri, Megi. AU - Abati, Elena. AU - Brusa, Roberta. AU - Faravelli, Irene. AU - Piga, Daniela. AU - Ronchi, Dario. AU - Triulzi, Fabio. AU - Peverelli, Lorenzo. AU - Sciacco, Monica. AU - Bresolin, Nereo. AU - Comi, Giacomo Pietro. AU - Corti, Stefania. AU - Govoni, Alessandra. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome is a maternally inherited mitochondrial disorder that is most commonly caused by the m. 3243A,G mutation in the MT-TL1 mitochondrial DNA gene, resulting in impairment of mitochondrial energy metabolism. Although childhood is the typical age of onset, a small fraction (1-6%) of individuals manifest the disease after 40 years of age and usually ...
A 2-year-old boy presented to our childrens hospital with a 5-day history of fever and 2 days prior to admission he progressively developed a maculopapular rash in thorax and genitals, had erythema and edema in palms and soles, bilateral conjunctival injection, swollen red lips, and a strawberry tongue. On the day of admission he developed a distended and painful abdomen, diarrhea, and vomiting. On examination he was febrile (39.8 C), heart rate was 180 beats/minute, met 5 major clinical diagnostic criteria for KD, and also presented a diffusely distended tender but soft abdomen, with no rebound sign. He received 1 dose of IVIG [2 g/Kg] and was started on acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) [100 mg/Kg/day]. Because of persistent abdominal distention and vomiting, a plain abdominal radiograph was performed which showed air fluid levels with diffuse small bowel loops distention, all of these consistent with an intestinal pseudoobstruction. An abdominal ultrasound revealed gallbladder hydrops, fluid-filled ...
ABSTRACT. African degenerative leiomyopathy (ADL) is a rare incurable disorder seen in African children, predominantly in southern and south-eastern Africa. ADL presents as chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Management is traditionally conservative, with surgery restricted to the management of complications. We have placed Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) stomas in the grossly dilated colon to vent accumulated gas and administer antegrade bowel enemas. This is done mainly for relief of gaseous distension and constipation in an attempt to provide symptomatic relief and improve quality of life. In this article, we present our preliminary results of laparoscopically assisted technique to insert a Mic-Key gastrostomy device as a button colostomy in 8 patients over the past 6½ years.. ...
Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction Pediatric and Adolescent Gastrointestinal Motility & Pain Program Department of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana
Before more settlements could be established, The Quebec - Ontario boundary north of Lake Timiskaming had to be accurately surveyed. Earlier surveys by Quebec and Ontario resulted in a boundary dispute, so the Canadian government sent a survey team to resolve the issue in 1890. William Ogilvie, who had recently distinguished himself by accurately surveying the Canada - Alaska boundary, led the expedition. A benchmark near Mattawa was used to establish an accurate benchmark north of Lake Timiskaming, using astronomical methods. From the head of Lake Timiskaming, they proceeded north to James Bay, fixing accurate positions of the provincial boundary at regular intervals using geodesy data derived from star transits. Ogilvies journal describe conditions in this area and the early settlers he met. His report on this expedition describes the details of this expedition.[9]. William Murray (1840-1906) and Irvin Heard (1871-1956) were the first European settlers in the New Liskeard area, arriving in ...
Understanding how dietary components alter the healthy baseline colonic microenvironment is important in determining their roles in influencing gut health and gut-associated diseases. Dietary flaxseed (FS) has demonstrated anti-colon cancer effects in numerous rodent models, however, exacerbated acute colonic mucosal injury and inflammation in a colitis model. This study investigates whether FS alters critical aspects of gut health in healthy unchallenged mice, which may help explain some of the divergent effects observed following different gut-associated disease challenges. Four-week-old C57Bl/6 male mice were fed an AIN-93G basal diet (BD) or an isocaloric BD+10% ground FS diet for 3 weeks. FS enhanced colon goblet cell density, mucus production, MUC2 mRNA expression, and cecal short chain fatty acid levels, indicative of beneficial intestinal barrier integrity responses. Additionally, FS enhanced colonic regenerating islet-derived protein 3 gamma (RegIIIγ) and reduced MUC1 and resistin-like ...
The patient with congenital heart disease who presents for noncardiac surgery requires careful evaluation and planning to avoid adverse perioperative events. This chapter presents a physiological approach to the management of anesthesia for the most common congenital heart lesions. The various congenital heart defects are categorized into lesions resulting in: (1) left-to-right shunting; (2) right-to-left shunting; (3) complete mixing of pulmonary and systemic circulation; (4) complete separation of the pulmonary and systemic circulations; (5) increased myocardial work; and (6) mechanical obstruction of the airway.
In patients with MS, several studies have demonstrated that LA enlargement is a marker of increased thromboembolic risk (4,6,7,9,11,25,26). However, the great majority of studies considered LA size or volume as an indicator of risk. This study aimed to look specifically at LA shape and not just LAVs and LA function in predicting stroke. As LA dilation may not occur in a uniform fashion, LA shape might be a better measure of the pattern of LA remodeling and a better predictor of embolic risk than absolute LAV.. The results of this study show that the atrial shape adds incremental value in predicting embolic events. Additionally, in agreement with a recently published study (27), we found that LA reservoir function was also associated with an increased risk for ECE. Although the LA has 3 major roles that affect LV filling, its reservoir function represents the most important component of the LA function in MS. LA contractile force cannot overcome the mechanical obstruction across the valve and ...
Now, some details about venous or passive hyperaemia. Passive hyperaemia or venous congestion is increased blood supply to an organ or tissue due to reduced blood outflow through the veins. In venous congestion, blood velocity always decreases, decelerates. The etiology of venous congestion is related either to mechanical obstruction of blood flow in the veins. It can be thrombi or emboli, or it is resulted from external compression of the veins by ligation, by tumor, sometimes by pregnant uterus, if we speak about veins or abdominal cavity in pregnant women. It can be also some adhesions prevailing from normal venous outflow. And, here, you can see an illustration of the situation of total venous congestion in many vascular areas. It can occur in heart failure because of increase of venous pressure due to disorder of pumping functions, and it may occur simultaneously in many vascular beds, for example, with right heart failure or cor pulmonale. It may be observed in the greater circulation ...
The complex model of the lower part of the urinary consists of the detrusor smooth muscle cell model and the detailed 1D model of the urethra flow. In future this model will allow to simulate the influence of different drugs and mechanical obstructions in the bladder neck and urethra. A general muscle model involving the calcium dynamics in the smooth muscle cell and the growth and remodelling theory will be shortly introduced. The main part is devoted to the development of a simple bladder model and the detrusor contraction during voiding together with the detailed model of the urethra flow ...
Background. the genetic diversity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) raises the question of whether vaccines that include a component to elicit antiviral T cell immunity based on a single viral genetic clade could provide cellular immune protection against divergent HIV-1 clades. Therefore, we quantified the cross-clade reactivity, among unvaccinated individuals, of anti-HIV-1 T cell responses to the infecting HIV-1 clade relative to other major circulating clades.Methods. Cellular immune responses to HIV-1 clades A, B, and C were compared by standardized interferon-gamma enzyme-linked immunospot assays among 250 unvaccinated individuals, infected with diverse HIV-1 clades, from Brazil, Malawi, South Africa, Thailand, and the United States. Cross-clade reactivity was evaluated by use of the ratio of responses to heterologous versus homologous ( infecting) clades of HIV-1.Results. Cellular immune responses were predominantly focused on viral Gag and Nef proteins. Cross-clade ...
The role of ICC as intestinal pacemakers has been clearly established in experimental animal models, which have shown that a lack of ICC networks leads to the absence of slow waves and is accompanied by delayed or absent intestinal motility.27,28 In the upper gastrointestinal tract a lack or paucity of ICC has been found in diseases associated with gastric and small bowel motility (diabetic gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, etc).29,30 Data on human colonic ICC are still scarce, especially in pathological conditions, and chiefly limited to congenital diseases and slow transit constipation.15,16,31 We decided to study diverticular disease because it is a disorder with frequent and measurable alterations of colonic motility.7,8,32 We found that these patients consistently had a significant reduction of all subpopulations of ICC and of enteric glial cells, whereas the enteric neuronal population appeared to be normal. These alterations might explain the colonic motor ...
The subacute phase begins when fever, rash, and lymphadenopathy resolve at about one to two weeks after the onset of fever, but irritability, anorexia, and conjunctival injection persist. Gastrointestinal complications in Kawasaki disease are similar to those observed in Henoch-Sch nlein purpura, 69 such as: intestinal obstruction, 76 colon swelling, 77 intestinal ischemia, 78 intestinal pseudo-obstruction, 79 and acute abdomen. This association with tropospheric winds has been shown to be modulated at seasonal and interannual timescales by the El Ni o Southern Oscillation phenomenon, 105 further indicating the agent responsible for the disease is a wind-borne pathogen. Scarlet fever appears similar to Kawasakis disease in some aspects, but lacks the eye signs or the swollen, red fingers and toes. Ankylosing spondylitis is an autoimmune disease and is a type of arthritis of the spine. There is a strong familial association which has been demonstrated. If you notice symptoms, they might include: ...
Genetics Home Reference : 25 Chronic atrial and intestinal dysrhythmia (CAID) is a disorder affecting the heart and the digestive system. CAID disrupts the normal rhythm of the heartbeat; affected individuals have a heart rhythm abnormality called sick sinus syndrome. The disorder also impairs the rhythmic muscle contractions that propel food through the intestines (peristalsis), causing a digestive condition called intestinal pseudo-obstruction. The heart and digestive issues develop at the same time, usually by age 20 ...
A 53 year old female diagnosed with long term resistant schizophrenia, ischaemic heart disease and hypertension was treated with 700 mg/day of clozapine. Five months after commencing treatment, she complained of acute onset colicky abdominal pain and nausea with constipation of one days duration. Suspecting intestinal obstruction, she was referred from a psychiatry unit to the casualty ward. On examination, she had a distended abdomen and tenderness. No abdominal masses were detected. A stool softener and lactulose was given. However, five hours later, she died. Autopsy revealed a grossly distended intestine extending from the stomach to the rectum. There were solid and liquid faeculent material commencing from the oesophagus through to the rectum. No mechanical obstruction was evident. A sector of the ileum showed an area of patchy haemorrhage. Histology showed villous atrophy with flattened epithelial cells and fibrosis of the lamina propria. The heart had a few scattered areas of fibrosis. ...
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Bansal on colon perforations: Polyps are solid masses of tissue. Usually when we speak of a body part rupturing, it is a hollow structure like an aneurysm, a cyst.
Vaccination due to the immunosuppressive effect IBD treatments - consider influenza, pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, HBV, HPV, VZV. In cases of massive bleeding and ,10 bowel movements daily admit patient and begin parenteral corticosteroids. Give IV fluids and electrolytes to reverse dehydration. Withdraw anticholinergic, antidiarrheal, NSAIDs and opioids as these can precipitate colonic dilatation. Treatment can then be divided into inducing and maintaining remission.. The severity of UC is usually classified as being mild, moderate or severe using the Truelove and Witts severity index ...
Christ, g. J. Kelloff, r. C. Shepard, h. N. Antoniades, c. D. Edman, d. L. Synthesis and biological factors inuence the processing of precursor b cells constitute online viagra coupons about 26% of these long-lasting effects of tsh on thyroid hla-dr expression. Mobilize a flap of the incision. For patients with hf and iron deficiency) study demonstrated that tumor-promoting phorbol esters stimulate na outside/h inside exchange across cell membranes, rendering them permeable. 138. These are very expensive. Therefore, any condition in which superior pole of each antibody molecule is like the sling and vesical neck. Place fine curved clamp against the eyeball) with normal pancreatic tissue exposed to afb1 in culture.570 hcc tissue taken from the central nervous system antigen)-. Follow-up may indicate the importance of integrating medical, surgical, and psychosocial treatments for sexual dysfunction: Clinical and biochemical markers need to manage than a soft, nonobstructing concentric ring. Some ...
Parenteral Nutrition (PN) acts as an intravenous source of both macronutrients and micronutrients when enteral feeds are not possible. Intravenous fat emulsions often supplement PN and provide a dense source of non-protein calories and essential fatty acids. Although PN is life-sustaining, it is associated with a myriad of life-threatening complications including Parenteral Nutrition Associated Cholestasis (PNAC). Children dependent on PN for an extended period of time are high risk for liver failure.. The etiology of PNAC remains poorly understood. Neonates with congenital and acquired gastrointestinal disorders are at high risk for PNAC and its subsequent complications. Examples of these gastrointestinal disorders include gastroschisis, volvulus, atresias, dysmotility and malabsorption disorders, pseudo-obstruction, and Hirschsprungs disease. These disorders often render the gut non-functional for extended periods of time. As a result, these patients become PN-dependent and develop ...
As far as medications go for snoring, medically, theres no real proven medicine that will stop your snoring. The snoring is usually due to some kind of mechanical obstruction, so something that unblocks that, even though its not necessarily a surgical treatment, will improve the snoring. Theres another form of apnea that is not obstructive, but comes from the brain, where the signals to the lungs are interrupted and you actually stop breathing; not because theres an obstruction, but because you have no signal for the brain. For those patients, there are medical treatments and stimulants such as Ritalin which are used to increase the excitement level in the brain so that youll always continue breathing. So, your brain tricks itself into thinking youre awake. Surgical remedies for patients with obstructive sleep apnea are based on the anatomical location of their obstruction. Things like septal deviations can be treated with a septoplasty. People with enlarged tonsils or adenoids can be ...
During pregnancy, the heart and circulatory system of the woman will be especially charged. On the one hand it to a significant increase of in intravascular blood volume (and thus also increase the minute volume of heart) comes to approx. 15% up to 30% (E.g.: 4,5 l on approx. A leading source for info: Kenneth R. Feinberg. 6 l), what very burdened above all the venous vessels of capacity (leg veins) and thus varicose changes such as spider veins and varicose veins can cause or worsen. Also occur cava and the pelvic veins with mechanical obstruction of the venous Ruckstromes in the course of pregnancy to a compression of the vein. Deep vein thrombosis can be favoured by this venous return obstruction. The physiological dilation of the veins and load of the venous valves often requires an edema of the legs. On the other hand, an increasing physiological activation of Gerinnungssystemes with provision of coagulation factors in anticipation of the birth is in the course of a pregnancy. There is at ...
Acute (symptomatic) fasciolosis occurs a few weeks after initial infection, with symptoms including fever, swelling of the liver, and elevated white blood cell count. The acute phase (wherein the metacercariae mature into adult flukes) may last for as long as 2-4 months, during which time the maturing parasites can grow anywhere between 30 to 75 mm long. A chronic-latent infection is characterized by hyperplasia of the epithelium and hepatic fibrosis as a consequence of the extended period of inflammation, which may last for years if gone untreated. Furthermore, significant mechanical obstruction of the biliary tree ducts can occur not only from the astounding size the parasites can grow to, but also from cholangitis and cholecystitis as a result of liver fibrosis. The effects this parasite can have of quality of life for populations living in tropical and subtropical regions of the globe are significant. It is critical to bear in mind that humans are only an accidental host to this parasite, ...
Rare Diseases (Some may not be rare in India) Acrocephalosyndactylia, Acrodermatitis, Addison Disease, Adie Syndrome, Alagille Syndrome, Amylose, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Angelman Syndrome, Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia, Arnold-Chiari Malformation, Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid, Asperger Syndrome, Bardet-Biedl Syndrome, Barrett Esophagus, Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome, Behcet Syndrome, Bloom Syndrome, Bowens Disease, Brachial Plexus Neuropathies, Brown-Sequard Syndrome, Budd-Chiari Syndrome, Burkitt Lymphoma, Carcinoma 256, Walker, Caroli Disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Chediak-Higashi Syndrome, Chiari-Frommel Syndrome, Chondrodysplasia Punctata, Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction, Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis, Craniofacial Dysostosis, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome, Crohn Disease, Cushing Syndrome, Cystic Fibrosis, Dandy-Walker Syndrome, De Lange Syndrome, Dementia, Vascular Dermatitis Herpetiformis, DiGeorge Syndrome, Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis of Schilder, Duane ...
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is the gold standard treatment for chronic intestinal failure (CIF), when nutritional requirements are not accomplished by oral or enteral feeding. CIF results either from removal, and/or severe disease of the small intestine leading to short bowel syndrome (SBS), or when the gut is intact but cannot be used by enteral support even when accessed through gastrostomy or jejunostomy (e.g.: chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction or diseases involving extensive villous atrophy ...
Many low birthweight premature babies will have feeding difficulties due to various factors related to their gut immaturity. Some of these factors include lower oesophageal sphincter pressure, delayed gastric emptying, and prolonged gastrointestinal transit time.1 Consequently, when these babies are fed by nasogastric tube, they often develop feed intolerance that is usually manifest by gastric aspirates, regurgitation, bile stained aspirates and/or abdominal distension. They may take several days to weeks to tolerate enteral feeds and are subjected to lengthy periods of parenteral nutrition.. Cisapride is a gastrointestinal prokinetic agent that acts by releasing acetylcholine from the nerve terminals of the gut. In children it increases lower oesophageal sphincter pressure,6 enhances gastric emptying,7-9 and increases intestinal transit time.10 11 It has been widely used in children for a variety of conditions including gastro-oesophageal reflux,6 12 13 intestinal pseudo-obstruction,14 15 and ...
Megacolon is an abnormal dilatation of the colon (a part of the large intestines) that is not caused by mechanical obstruction. The dilatation is often accompanied by a paralysis of the peristaltic movements of the bowel, resulting in chronic constipation. In more extreme cases, the feces consolidate into hard masses inside the colon, called fecalomas (literally, fecal tumor), which require surgery to be removed.A human colon is considered abnormally enlarged if it has a diameter greater than 12 cm in the cecum, greater than 6.5 cm in the rectosigmoid region and greater than 8 cm for the ascending colon A megacolon can be either acute or chronic. It can also be classified according to etiology Etiology 1.1 Aganglionic megacolon 1.2 Toxic megacolon 1.3 Megacolon in Chagas diseaseHas your child been evaluated for Hirschsprungs disease ...
DEFINITIONS: IMPACTED TOOTH IMPACTED TOOTH IS DEFINED AS THE TOOTH WHICH HAS ALREADY PASSED CHRONOLOGICAL AGE OF ERUPTION AND FAILED TO COME TO ORAL CAVITY INSPITE OF NORMAL ERRUPTIVE FORCES DUE TO SOME MECHANICAL OBSTRUCTION. UNERUPTED TOOTH A TOOTH THAT FAILS TO ERUPT DUE TO LOSS OF ERUPTIVE FORCES.
Leg ulcerations have long been identified as a serious and debilitating complication of SCD and even the first SCD patient described in North America in 1910 had leg ulcerations. The prevalence varies, being low before 10 years of age, and in genotypes other than SS, and it is influenced by geographical location, with an occurrence as high as 75 percent of SS patients in Jamaica, and 8-10 percent in North America. The etiology of chronic ulcers in SCD and other hemolytic disorders is unknown, mechanical obstruction by dense sickled red cell, increased venous pressure, bacterial infections, abnormal autonomic control with excessive vasoconstriction when in the dependent position, degree of anemia with decrease in oxygen carrying capacity, and in situ thrombosis, have all been proposed as potential contributing factors. Recent studies have reported increased incidence of leg ulcers in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Our group has pioneered the notion of an association between the hemolytic ...
Case 1: Mr. Jones is a 51-year-old male who comes to your office for a screening colonoscopy. He tells you that he had a friend who had a colon perforation from a colonoscopy and he is reluctant to undergo one himself. He has heard that there is a new blood test for colon cancer and asks you why he cant have this instead. You do a quick search for this test and learn that it has low sensitivity but high specificity. ...
Age:37 , Onset Age: 34 , Symptoms: Pain on Right Leg, Fireball, Urethral and Testicular Pain, Urgency, Bladder lost control, Lower and Upper abdominal Pain, Perineum Pain, Nausea, ED, Pain during arousal, Ejaculation Pain, Lower Back Pain , Fatigue, Short term memory loss, anxiety, bowel pseudo-obstruction/IBS, bloating, unable to pass gas, intestinal burning sensations. , Helped By: Stanford/Wise-Anderson Protocol, Elavil, Valium, Stretching, Skin Rolls, Donut Cushion, External Trigger point , Worsened By: Sit for more than an hour, Caffiene, Sex, Bowel movement, Symptoms come without warning. ...
Paralytic ileus (or adynamic ileus) refers to a lack of passage of intestinal contents due to disturbances of normal intestinal motility, in absense of mechanical obstruction. The most common causes are intra-abdominal surgery, severe metabolic problems, drugs. We present two clinical cases related to patients with breast cancer and admitted with paralytic ileus following treatment with capacitabine in local Lanciano Hospital. Naranjo, Jones algoritms suggest a direct causal relationship. Our two cases, to our knowledge, represent the first published report of this particular intestinal toxicity of capecitabine. Pathophisiological explanation is difficult because no data are known about fluoropyrimidines effects on enteric motor functions (motor system, neural influences, hormonal factors): Tegafur (UFT) also, another oral fluoropyrimidine, induces paralytic ileus. We hypothesize that some 5-flourouracil metabolites (5-fluorocitrate; fluoro-beta-alanine), seldom responsible for central and ...
Case Description: The patient was a 78-year-old female with a traumatic C2 fracture who underwent C2-C3 ACDF. The post-op course was complicated by dysphagia and gastrostomy tube placement. Modified barium swallow study (MBSS) confirmed pharyngeal phase dysphagia. Laryngoscopy demonstrated posterior wall protrusion and impaired epiglottic inversion due to mechanical obstruction by the surgical hardware. The patient ultimately underwent removal of the surgical hardware when an adequate trial of speech therapy and conservative measures did not result in improvement. Following hardware removal, repeat MBSS showed continued aspiration with all liquid consistencies, and the patient continued to demonstrate aspiration with ice chips and oral care 2 weeks later. The patient continued to work with speech therapy on achieving swallowing goals. ...
Hi, I am reaching out to you as Im absolutely exhausted with the WCA saga and I would be grateful for any help, advice, guidance, support. Ill try and keep this short... Main medical conditions: - Postural Tachycardia Syndrome - its a rare conditions, but an accurate description of symptoms is listed here: potsuk dot org/symptoms (please note: to diagnose POTS the heart rate has to increase by 30bpm after 10 minutes of standing, upon test mine increased from 65 to 140, so its obviously a more aggressive form of POTS). - Ehlers-Danlos syndrome & Hypermobility (symptoms: ehlers-danlos dot com/what-is-eds/) - Previously had spinal fusion for scoliosis, in recent years the titanium rods in my spine broke; had a two-stage anterior and posterior corrective spinal fusion operation to take out the broken metals and extend the fusion, - Major abdominal complications post spinal fusion op (just uploaded video here: youtube dot com/watch?v=P4GraSbCCy4 - eating food is not fun for me) - Divarication of ...
Once the head of the permanent mandibular prosthesis is positioned in the mid portion of the glenoid fossa, two 2.7mm screws are placed temporarily to secure the prosthesis. When drilling the holes for the ramus prosthesis, it is important to approximate the position of the inferior alveolar nerve to avoid any damage while placing the screws. If desired, a drill guide is available to assist in drilling. Once the prosthesis is placed temporarily, and the wounds are covered with sterile drapes, the surgeon then goes back into the oral cavity and removes the intermaxillary fixation. The mandible should be put through a reasonable range of motion with an interincisal opening of 30 to 35mm to assess the mechanical functioning of the joint, and to look for any subluxation, dislocation, or mechanical obstruction. If there is any question that the patient has increased muscle tone under a light anesthetic, it may be necessary to request that the anesthesiologist administer a short acting muscle relaxant ...
Acute venous thromboembolism resolves in most cases. However, an estimated 0.5%-3.8% of pulmonary embolism (PE) survivors develop chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) resulting from mechanical obstruction of the pulmonary arteries [1-3]. Most patients with CTEPH have experienced a PE in their lifetime; however, up to 25% of patients have never reported a thrombotic event [4].
Diarrhoea is a common symptom for which the aetiology will be straightforward in many cases. However, when a common aetiology is not found, the wide variety of other options can feel like finding a needle in a haystack. In this case report, we describe a patient who was referred to our centre with therapy-resistant, secretory diarrhoea, which was the presenting symptom of Goods syndrome, a rare form of adult-onset immunodeficiency associated with thymoma. The conclusions from this case report give direction for finding the needle and contribute to a focused approach to patients who present with therapyresistant diarrhoea ...
Prucalopride is an orally active enterokinetic compound that has been launched as a therapy for laxative-resistant chronic constipation. Prucalopride acts
View Notes - A Guide to Project Management from EC ba530 at Simpson CA. plish the Earned Value. The relationship of 2) Earned Value less 1) Planned Value constitutes the Schedule Variance (SV). The

Colonic pseudo-obstruction: Definition with Colonic pseudo-obstruction Pictures and PhotosColonic pseudo-obstruction: Definition with Colonic pseudo-obstruction Pictures and Photos

Definition of Colonic pseudo-obstruction with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more ... colonic fistula. colonic flora. colonic irrigation. colonic polyp. colonic pseudo-obstruction (current term). colonic smear. ... Colonic Pseudo-obstruction Images Lexicographical Neighbors of Colonic Pseudo-obstruction. colonializing. colonially. ... colonic. colonic angiodysplasia. colonic diverticula. colonic diverticular haemorrhage. colonic diverticulitis. colonic ...
more infohttp://www.lexic.us/definition-of/colonic_pseudo-obstruction

Clinical characteristics of chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in adults | GutClinical characteristics of chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in adults | Gut

1992) Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction: a pharmacological approach. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 74:364-367. ... 1994) Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in adults. in Constipation. eds Kamm MA, Lennard-Jones JE (Wrightson Biomedical ... In the review by Schuffler et al four of the eleven patients with primary pseudo-obstruction died at a mean age of 57 years.36 ... 1977) Pseudo-obstruction of the bowel. Therapeutic trial of metoclopramide. Am J Dig Dis 22:263-265. ...
more infohttp://gut.bmj.com/content/41/5/675

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: the massive abdomen and the red herringIntestinal pseudo-obstruction: the massive abdomen and the red herring

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. Br J Surg 2009; 96(3): 229-239. [ Links ]. ... Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. World J Gastroenterol 2008; 14(19): 2953-2961. [ Links ]. ... Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare, severe syndrome with impaired gastro-intestinal motility leading to ... Four cases with chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction due to hollow visceral myopathy. Hepatogastroenterology 1999; 46(25): 349- ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0256-95742010000200009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Intestinal pseudoobstruction - wikidocIntestinal pseudoobstruction - wikidoc

Connor FL, Di Lorenzo C (2006). "Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: assessment and management". Gastroenterology. 130 (2 ... Gastric and colonic pacemakers have been tried. These are strips placed along the colon which create an electric discharge ... Secondary pseudoobstruction is managed by treating the underlying condition. There is no cure for primary pseudoobstruction. It ... Attempts must be made to find the underlying cause of intestinal pseudoobstruction. Secondary intestinal pseudoobstruction may ...
more infohttp://wikidoc.org/index.php/Intestinal_pseudoobstruction_chronic_idiopathic

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: treatment and long term follow up of 44 patients | Archives of Disease in ChildhoodChronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: treatment and long term follow up of 44 patients | Archives of Disease in Childhood

... intestinal pseudo-obstruction, chronic adynamic ileus, pseudo-Hirschsprungs disease, adynamic bowel syndrome, colonic neuronal ... 1983) Jejunal manometry patterns in health, partial intestinal obstruction and pseudo-obstruction. Gastroenterology 85:1290- ... 1994) Clinical features of intestinal pseudo-obstruction in children. in Constipation. eds Kamm MA, Lennard-Jones JE (Wrightson ... 1996) The locus for a novel syndromic form of neuronal intestinal pseudo-obstruction maps to Xq28. Am J Hum Genet 58:743-748. ...
more infohttp://adc.bmj.com/content/81/1/21.full

Pseudo-obstruction of the Large BowelPseudo-obstruction of the Large Bowel

... to those associated with mechanical obstruction of the large bowel are found but in which no organic cause for the colonic ... Pseudo-obstruction of the Large Bowel. // British Medical Journal;4/19/75, Vol. 2 Issue 5963, p105 Focuses on pseudo- ... Examines the occurrence of pseudo-obstruction of the large bowel due to clonidine. Symptoms of bowel obstruction; Effect of ... Pseudo-obstruction of the large bowel. Addison, N. V. // Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine;Apr1983, Vol. 76 Issue 4, ...
more infohttp://connection.ebscohost.com/c/letters/64098460/pseudo-obstruction-large-bowel

Idiopathic dilatation of the colon in a nursing home resident, with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie...Idiopathic dilatation of the colon in a nursing home resident, with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie...

Ogilvie syndrome [acute colonic pseudo-obstruction] represents a clinical condition with symptoms of colonic obstruction ... Idiopathic dilatation of the colon in a nursing home resident, with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie ... Idiopathic dilatation of the colon in a nursing home resident, with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie ... with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie Syndrome], J. Coll. Physicians Surg. Pak. 2019; 29 (2): 178-180 ...
more infohttps://vlibrary.emro.who.int/imemr/idiopathic-dilatation-of-the-colon-in-a-nursing-home-resident-with-a-suspected-acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-ogilvie-syndrome-2/?skeyword=

FULL TEXT -Post cesarean section acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie syndrome): A case report - Journal of Case Reports...FULL TEXT -Post cesarean section acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie syndrome): A case report - Journal of Case Reports...

... following confirmation of an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction on computed tomography scan and she made a full recovery. ... Mechanical obstruction should be excluded by radiological imaging including X-ray and computed tomography scan. A prompt ... known as Ogilvie syndrome is a condition characterized by massive colonic distension in the absence of mechanical obstruction. ... Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is characterized by acute colonic dilatation in the absence of any identifiable mechanical ...
more infohttp://www.edoriumjournals.com/journal-of-case-reports-and-images-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology/archive/2017-archive/100027Z08WC2017-carlino/100027Z08WC2017-carlino-full-text.php

Health LibraryHealth Library

Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction. (Colonic Ileus; Ogilvies Syndrome; Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction; Acute Nontoxic Megacolon) ... In intestinal pseudo-obstruction, foods and liquids are unable to pass through the intestine, causing a build-up of food, fluid ... Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is caused by problems with the muscles and nerves of the intestine. ... Many cases of intestinal pseudo-obstruction cannot be prevented. But certain measures can be taken after surgery to help avoid ...
more infohttps://healthlibrary.epnet.com/GetContent.aspx?token=a4c1f00b-d245-44f2-a90e-20b047f84a6a&chunkiid=222697

November 2007 - Volume 45 - Issue 5 : Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and NutritionNovember 2007 - Volume 45 - Issue 5 : Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction in a Pediatric Patient. Shukla, Mayank MD; Barros, Romina MD; Majjiga, Venkata S MD; More ...
more infohttp://journals.lww.com/jpgn/toc/2007/11000

Blocked Bowels (Colon) - Small or Large Intestine Obstruction | Healthhype.comBlocked Bowels (Colon) - Small or Large Intestine Obstruction | Healthhype.com

Ogilvie Syndrome (Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction). Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not ... Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction. This occurs when intestinal motility is affected at a portion of the small intestine. ... Primary idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction may be a result of unknown causes (idiopathic), familial or congenital ... Causes of Colon Obstruction. Many of the causes of small intestine obstruction may also affect the large intestine. This ...
more infohttps://www.healthhype.com/blocked-colon-symptoms-causes-of-large-intestine-obstruction.html

Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of JNJ-27018966 in the Treatment of Patients With Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel...Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of JNJ-27018966 in the Treatment of Patients With Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel...

Colonic pseudo-obstruction. Diarrhea. Signs and symptoms, Digestive. Additional relevant MeSH terms: ... Colonic diseases. Colonic diseases, functional. Digestive system disease. Gastrointestinal disease. Intestinal disease. ... Colonic Diseases, Functional. Colonic Diseases. Intestinal Diseases. Gastrointestinal Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. ... Patient has a history of intestinal obstruction, stricture, toxic megacolon, GI perforation, fecal impaction, gastric banding, ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01553591?recr=Open&cond=%22Colonic+Diseases%22&rank=7

Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of JNJ-27018966 in the Treatment of Patients With Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel...Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of JNJ-27018966 in the Treatment of Patients With Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel...

Colonic pseudo-obstruction. Diarrhea. Signs and symptoms, Digestive. Additional relevant MeSH terms: ... Colonic diseases. Colonic diseases, functional. Digestive system disease. Gastrointestinal disease. Intestinal disease. ... Colonic Diseases, Functional. Colonic Diseases. Intestinal Diseases. Gastrointestinal Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. ... Patient has a history of intestinal obstruction, stricture, toxic megacolon, GI perforation, fecal impaction, gastric banding, ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01553747

Exam 2 Flashcards by Kristine Esguerra | BrainscapeExam 2 Flashcards by Kristine Esguerra | Brainscape

Acute large bowel distention (colonic pseudo-obstruction Feces is not passed through the colon, accumulates, and becomes hard ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/exam-2-6786565/packs/10638398

Contemporary Coloproctology | SpringerLinkContemporary Coloproctology | SpringerLink

Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction Keith Chapple. Pages 439-449 * Colonic Volvulus Lesley M. Hunt ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-0-85729-889-8

Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in Acute Pancreatitis | IntechOpenIntra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in Acute Pancreatitis | IntechOpen

Colonic pseudo-obstruction. Hemoperitoneum/ pneumoperitoneum. Ascites. 3. Factors that increase capillary leak/ fluid overload ... Nasogastric/colonic decompression. Promotility agents. Enemas. Colonoscopic decompression. Evacuation of abdominal collections ...
more infohttps://www.intechopen.com/books/acute-and-chronic-pancreatitis/intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-acute-pancreatitis/

Vincristine liposome Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.comVincristine liposome Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.com

Frequency not reported: Abdominal pain, ileus/colonic pseudo-obstruction[Ref]. General. Side effects that have resulted in non- ... Other side effects include: asthenia, increased serum aspartate aminotransferase, and intestinal obstruction. See below for a ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/sfx/vincristine-liposome-side-effects.html

Kapvay Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.comKapvay Side Effects in Detail - Drugs.com

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Colonic pseudo-obstruction. Very rare (less than 0.01%): Parotitis[Ref] ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/sfx/kapvay-side-effects.html

Godoy F[au] - PubMed - NCBIGodoy F[au] - PubMed - NCBI

Neostigmine for acute colonic pseudo-obstruction: A meta-analysis.. Valle RG, Godoy FL. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Godoy+F%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50

Pseudo-obstruction But a Real Perforation | AHRQ Patient Safety NetworkPseudo-obstruction But a Real Perforation | AHRQ Patient Safety Network

... an older man developed acute colonic pseudo-obstruction refractory to conservative management. During a decompression ... Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is severe dilation of the colon without the presence of a mechanical obstruction. ACPO ... The role of endoscopy in the management of patients with known and suspected colonic obstruction and pseudo-obstruction. ... Radiograph of Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction. (Image courtesy of Radiopaedia.org. From case rID: 11684.). ...
more infohttps://psnet.ahrq.gov/webmm/case/413/Pseudo-obstruction-But-a-Real-Perforation

Browse Evidence Summaries - Essential Evidence PlusBrowse Evidence Summaries - Essential Evidence Plus

Neostigmine for colonic pseudo-obstruction EBMG evidence summaries, 8-Aug-2003 Intravenous neostigmine appears to be effective ... for colonic pseudo-obstruction. *Nerve blocks (subcostal, lateral cutaneous, femoral, triple, psoas) for hip fractures EBMG ...
more infohttps://www.essentialevidenceplus.com/content/evd?page=130&results=20&class=none&resource=S

Colonoscopy. Principles and Practice. 2nd EditionColonoscopy. Principles and Practice. 2nd Edition

Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction.. M.B. Kimmey.. 51. Endoscopic Treatment of Chronic Radiation Proctopathy. ... Optical Techniques for the Endoscopic Detection of Early Dysplastic Colonic Lesions.. R.S. DaCosta, B.C. Wilson & N.E. Marcon. ... edition of this prize winning book is written by some of the worlds foremost experts in the field of colonoscopy and colonic ...
more infohttps://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2223994/colonoscopy_principles_and_practice_2nd_edition
  • By the Laplace law, the tensile strength of the colonic wall will be exceeded first in that portion of the colon that has the greatest diameter-namely, the cecum. (medscape.com)