Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
Blockage in any part of the URETER causing obstruction of urine flow from the kidney to the URINARY BLADDER. The obstruction may be congenital, acquired, unilateral, bilateral, complete, partial, acute, or chronic. Depending on the degree and duration of the obstruction, clinical features vary greatly such as HYDRONEPHROSIS and obstructive nephropathy.
Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON.
Hindrance of the passage of luminal contents in the DUODENUM. Duodenal obstruction can be partial or complete, and caused by intrinsic or extrinsic factors. Simple obstruction is associated with diminished or stopped flow of luminal contents. Strangulating obstruction is associated with impaired blood flow to the duodenum in addition to obstructed flow of luminal contents.
Blocked urine flow through the bladder neck, the narrow internal urethral opening at the base of the URINARY BLADDER. Narrowing or strictures of the URETHRA can be congenital or acquired. It is often observed in males with enlarged PROSTATE glands.
Partial or complete blockage in any part of the URETHRA that can lead to difficulty or inability to empty the URINARY BLADDER. It is characterized by an enlarged, often damaged, bladder with frequent urges to void.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.
The hindering of output from the STOMACH into the SMALL INTESTINE. This obstruction may be of mechanical or functional origin such as EDEMA from PEPTIC ULCER; NEOPLASMS; FOREIGN BODIES; or AGING.
Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
Interference with the secretion of tears by the lacrimal glands. Obstruction of the LACRIMAL SAC or NASOLACRIMAL DUCT causing acute or chronic inflammation of the lacrimal sac (DACRYOCYSTITIS). It is caused also in infants by failure of the nasolacrimal duct to open into the inferior meatus and occurs about the third week of life. In adults occlusion may occur spontaneously or after injury or nasal disease. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p250)
Discrete tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the COLON. These POLYPS are connected to the wall of the colon either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.
Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in small bile ducts (INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS) or obstruction in large bile ducts (EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS).
Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.
Functional obstruction of the COLON leading to MEGACOLON in the absence of obvious COLONIC DISEASES or mechanical obstruction. When this condition is acquired, acute, and coexisting with another medical condition (trauma, surgery, serious injuries or illness, or medication), it is called Ogilvie's syndrome.
Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.
Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.
Concretions of swallowed hair, fruit or vegetable fibers, or similar substances found in the alimentary canal.
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of COLONIC DIVERTICULA in the COLON. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial, including colon aging, motor dysfunction, increases in intraluminal pressure, and lack of dietary fibers.
Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.
A tubular duct that conveys TEARS from the LACRIMAL GLAND to the nose.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
Pathological processes consisting of the union of the opposing surfaces of a wound.
Long-chain polymer of glucose containing 17-20% sulfur. It has been used as an anticoagulant and also has been shown to inhibit the binding of HIV-1 to CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES. It is commonly used as both an experimental and clinical laboratory reagent and has been investigated for use as an antiviral agent, in the treatment of hypolipidemia, and for the prevention of free radical damage, among other applications.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The flattened, funnel-shaped expansion connecting the URETER to the KIDNEY CALICES.
The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
A pouch or sac opening from the COLON.
Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.
A potent carcinogen and neurotoxic compound. It is particularly effective in inducing colon carcinomas.
The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
A reagent that is used to neutralize peptide terminal amino groups.
One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.
Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.
Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
A condition that occurs when the obstruction of the thin-walled SUPERIOR VENA CAVA interrupts blood flow from the head, upper extremities, and thorax to the RIGHT ATRIUM. Obstruction can be caused by NEOPLASMS; THROMBOSIS; ANEURYSM; or external compression. The syndrome is characterized by swelling and/or CYANOSIS of the face, neck, and upper arms.
A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).
A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.
Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LARYNX which coordinates many functions such as voice production, breathing, swallowing, and coughing.
Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Jaundice, the condition with yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes, that is due to impaired BILE flow in the BILIARY TRACT, such as INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, or EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS.
A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.
The largest bile duct. It is formed by the junction of the CYSTIC DUCT and the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT.
A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.
The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
A versatile contrast medium used for DIAGNOSTIC X-RAY RADIOLOGY.
A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.
A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
Congenital obliteration of the lumen of the intestine, with the ILEUM involved in 50% of the cases and the JEJUNUM and DUODENUM following in frequency. It is the most frequent cause of INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION in NEWBORNS. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.
Hydrazines substituted with two methyl groups in any position.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
A slowly progressive condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deposition of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneal space compressing the ureters, great vessels, bile duct, and other structures. When associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm, it may be called chronic periaortitis or inflammatory perianeurysmal fibrosis.
A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.
Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
Graphic tracing over a time period of radioactivity measured externally over the kidneys following intravenous injection of a radionuclide which is taken up and excreted by the kidneys.
Surgical fistulization of the LACRIMAL SAC for external drainage of an obstructed nasolacrimal duct.
The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.
Protrusion of tissue, structure, or part of an organ through the bone, muscular tissue, or the membrane by which it is normally contained. Hernia may involve tissues such as the ABDOMINAL WALL or the respiratory DIAPHRAGM. Hernias may be internal, external, congenital, or acquired.
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
A condition in which the hepatic venous outflow is obstructed anywhere from the small HEPATIC VEINS to the junction of the INFERIOR VENA CAVA and the RIGHT ATRIUM. Usually the blockage is extrahepatic and caused by blood clots (THROMBUS) or fibrous webs. Parenchymal FIBROSIS is uncommon.
Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.
A technetium diagnostic aid used in renal function determination.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between TRANSVERSE COLON and the SIGMOID COLON.
A DNA alkylating agent that has been shown to be a potent carcinogen and is widely used to induce colon tumors in experimental animals.
Sacs or reservoirs created to function in place of the COLON and/or RECTUM in patients who have undergone restorative proctocolectomy (PROCTOCOLECTOMY, RESTORATIVE).
Pathological conditions in the DUODENUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
Discrete abnormal tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the INTESTINE. A polyp is attached to the intestinal wall either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Pathological process resulting in the fibrous obstruction of the small- and medium-sized PULMONARY VEINS and PULMONARY HYPERTENSION. Veno-occlusion can arise from fibrous proliferation of the VASCULAR INTIMA and VASCULAR MEDIA; THROMBOSIS; or a combination of both.
A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
The insertion of a tube into the stomach, intestines, or other portion of the gastrointestinal tract to allow for the passage of food products, etc.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A gel-forming mucin found predominantly in SMALL INTESTINE and variety of mucous membrane-containing organs. It provides a protective, lubricating barrier against particles and infectious agents.
Any pathological condition where fibrous connective tissue invades any organ, usually as a consequence of inflammation or other injury.
An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.
A movement, caused by sequential muscle contraction, that pushes the contents of the intestines or other tubular organs in one direction.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
Pathological developments in the CECUM.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.
A synthetic disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It has also been used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p887)
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation.
A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.
One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Congenital MEGACOLON resulting from the absence of ganglion cells (aganglionosis) in a distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE. The aganglionic segment is permanently contracted thus causing dilatation proximal to it. In most cases, the aganglionic segment is within the RECTUM and SIGMOID COLON.
Radiography of any part of the urinary tract.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
Act of listening for sounds within the body.
Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
Difficult or labored breathing.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
Inflammation of the biliary ductal system (BILE DUCTS); intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both.
Diagnostic measurement of the nose and its cavity through acoustic reflections. Used to measure nasal anatomical landmarks, nasal septal deviation, and nasal airway changes in response to allergen provocation tests (NASAL PROVOCATION TESTS).
Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells such as the GOBLET CELLS.
The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.
Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY arises from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.
Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
A congenital abnormality characterized by the outpouching or sac formation in the ILEUM. It is a remnant of the embryonic YOLK SAC in which the VITELLINE DUCT failed to close.
Solid crystalline precipitates in the BILIARY TRACT, usually formed in the GALLBLADDER, resulting in the condition of CHOLELITHIASIS. Gallstones, derived from the BILE, consist mainly of calcium, cholesterol, or bilirubin.
The middle portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between DUODENUM and ILEUM. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.
Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.
Drugs used for their effects on the gastrointestinal system, as to control gastric acidity, regulate gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improve digestion.
A pathological constriction occurring in the region below the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
Pathological developments in the RECTUM region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
Enlargement of air spaces distal to the TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.
The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.
Conditions resulting from abnormalities in the arteries branching from the ASCENDING AORTA, the curved portion of the aorta. These syndromes are results of occlusion or abnormal blood flow to the head-neck or arm region leading to neurological defects and weakness in an arm. These syndromes are associated with vascular malformations; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; TRAUMA; and blood clots.
The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a maximal expiration. Common abbreviation is RV.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus CITROBACTER, family ENTEROBACTERIACEAE. As an important pathogen of laboratory mice, it serves as a model for investigating epithelial hyperproliferation and tumor promotion. It was previously considered a strain of CITROBACTER FREUNDII.
Technique for measuring air pressure and the rate of airflow in the nasal cavity during respiration.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Tumors or cancer of the CECUM.
Curves depicting MAXIMAL EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE, in liters/second, versus lung inflation, in liters or percentage of lung capacity, during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviation is MEFV.
TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.
A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The fold of peritoneum by which the COLON is attached to the posterior ABDOMINAL WALL.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.
Hydrazines substituted by one or more methyl groups in any position.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The act of dilating.
Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Tumors or cancer in the ILEUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
Long convoluted tubules in the nephrons. They collect filtrate from blood passing through the KIDNEY GLOMERULUS and process this filtrate into URINE. Each renal tubule consists of a BOWMAN CAPSULE; PROXIMAL KIDNEY TUBULE; LOOP OF HENLE; DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULE; and KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCT leading to the central cavity of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS) that connects to the URETER.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.
Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.

Ogilvie's syndrome after lower extremity arthroplasty. (1/26)

OBJECTIVE: To alert surgeons who perform arthroplasty to the possibility of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) after elective orthopedic procedures. To identify possible risk factors and emphasize the need for prompt recognition, careful monitoring and appropriate management so as to reduce morbidity and mortality. DESIGN: A case series. SETTING: A university-affiliated hospital that is a major referral centre for orthopedic surgery. PATIENTS: Four patients who had Ogilvie's syndrome after lower extremity arthroplasty. Of this group, 2 had primary hip arthroplasty, 1 had primary knee arthroplasty and 1 had revision hip arthroplasty. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: In all 4 patients Ogilvie's syndrome was recognized late and required surgical intervention. Two patients died as a result of postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our case series identified increasing age, immobility and patient-controlled narcotic analgesia as potential risk factors for Ogilvie's syndrome in the postoperative orthopedic patient. Prompt recognition and early consultation with frequent clinical and radiographic monitoring are necessary to avoid colonic perforation and its significant associated death rate.  (+info)

Neostigmine for the treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. (2/26)

BACKGROUND: Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction -- that is, massive dilation of the colon without mechanical obstruction -- may develop after surgery or severe illness. Although it may resolve with conservative therapy, colonoscopic decompression is sometimes needed to prevent ischemia and perforation of the bowel. Uncontrolled studies have suggested that neostigmine, may be an effective treatment. METHODS: We studied 21 patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. All had abdominal distention and radiographic evidence of colonic dilation, with a cecal diameter of at least 10 cm, and had had no response to at least 24 hours of conservative treatment. We randomly assigned 11 to receive 2.0 mg of neostigmine intravenously and 10 to receive intravenous saline. A physician who was unaware of the patients' treatment assignments recorded clinical response (defined as prompt evacuation of flatus or stool and a reduction in abdominal distention), abdominal circumference, and measurements of the colon on radiographs. Patients who had no response to the initial injection were eligible to receive open-label neostigmine three hours later. RESULTS: Ten of the 11 patients who received neostigmine had prompt colonic decompression, as compared with none of the 10 patients who received placebo (P<0.001). The median time to response was 4 minutes (range, 3 to 30). Seven patients in the placebo group and the one patient in the neostigmine group without an initial response received open-label neostigmine; all had colonic decompression. Two patients who had an initial response to neostigmine required colonoscopic decompression for recurrence of colonic distention; one eventually underwent subtotal colectomy. Side effects of neostigmine included abdominal pain, excess salivation, and vomiting. Symptomatic bradycardia developed in two patients and was treated with atropine. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction who have not had a response to conservative therapy, treatment with neostigmine rapidly decompresses the colon.  (+info)

Review article: the pharmacological treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. (3/26)

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) can be defined as a clinical condition with symptoms, signs and radiological appearance of acute large bowel obstruction unrelated to any mechanical cause. Recent reports of the efficacy of cholinesterase inhibitors in relieving acute colonic pseudo-obstruction have fuelled interest in the pharmacological treatment of this condition. The aim of the present review is to outline current perspectives in the pharmacological treatment of patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. The best documented pharmacological treatment of Ogilvie's syndrome is intravenous neostigmine (2-2.5 mg), which leads to quick decompression in a significant proportion of patients after a single infusion. However, the search for new colokinetic agents for the treatment of lower gut motor disorders has made available a number of drugs that may also be therapeutic options for Ogilvie's syndrome. Among these agents, the potential of 5-hydroxytryptamine-4 receptor agonists and motilin receptor agonists is discussed.  (+info)

Polymyositis as a cause of total gut failure. (4/26)

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal manifestations are seen in systemic sclerosis and mixed connective tissue disorders but are rare in pure polymyositis. CASE REPORT: A 44 year old woman with polymyositis who developed total gut failure requiring treatment with total parenteral nutrition is described. RESULTS: The patient's polymyositis is now fully controlled biochemically, but her gastrointestinal symptoms persist.  (+info)

Ogilvie's syndrome treatment. (5/26)

INTRODUCTION: Ogilvie's Syndrome (OS) is a rare condition caused by parasympathetic dysfunction of large bowel characterized by acute and massive colon distension without mechanical obstruction. Rarely this disease has to be treated by the surgeon but operations may be indicated in case of medical treatment failure. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out at the Emergency Surgery DPT of St Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital Bologna Italy. From 1995 to 2002 11 patients were treated for severe OS: they were 8 males and 3 females and the mean age was 68 yrs. All these subjects had large bowel distension with caecum diameter more than 8 cm without any evidence of mechanical obstruction. RESULTS: In 4 patients (36%) OS was caused by trauma or surgical procedures whereas in 7 cases (64%) was produced by other conditions. Only in 3 cases (27%) conservative treatment was successful; the remaining 8 patients were submitted to surgical therapy. 6 patients were submitted to decompressive caecostomy and in 2 cases a subtotal colectomy was done. Mortality was 36%. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of OS is indicated when there is a conservative treatment failure. The high mortality is related to diagnostic and therapeutic delays, advanced age and comorbidities.  (+info)

Systematic review: acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. (6/26)

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is the clinical syndrome of acute large bowel dilatation without mechanical obstruction that is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction occurs in hospitalized or institutionalized patients with serious underlying medical and surgical conditions. The pathogenesis of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is not completely understood but likely results from an imbalance in the autonomic regulation of colonic motor function. Metabolic or pharmacological factors, as well as spinal or retroperitoneal trauma, may alter the autonomic regulation of colonic function, leading to excessive parasympathetic suppression or sympathetic stimulation. This imbalance results in colonic atony and dilatation. Early recognition and appropriate management are critical to minimizing morbidity and mortality. The mortality rate is estimated at 40% when ischaemia or perforation occurs. The best-studied treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is intravenous neostigmine, which leads to prompt colon decompression in the majority of patients after a single infusion. In patients failing or having contraindications to neostigmine, colonoscopic decompression is the active intervention of choice. Surgery is reserved for those with peritonitis or perforation.  (+info)

Effect of polyethylene glycol electrolyte balanced solution on patients with acute colonic pseudo obstruction after resolution of colonic dilation: a prospective, randomised, placebo controlled trial. (7/26)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Conservative therapy for patients with acute colonic pseudo obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) may be successful initially but relapses are common. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) electrolyte balanced solution on the relapse rate of the syndrome after initial resolution with neostigmine or endoscopic decompression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was performed on 30 consecutive patients who presented with abdominal distension and radiographic evidence of colonic dilation, with a caecal diameter > or = 10 cm, that resolved conservatively. Patients then were randomised to receive daily 29.5 g of PEG (n = 15) or similar placebo (n = 15). Patients were monitored daily for a seven day period for stool and flatus evacuations, and colonic diameter on abdominal radiographs. Administration of the test solutions and assessment of patient symptoms and x rays were performed in a blinded fashion. A caecal diameter > or = 8 cm with a concomitant > or =10% increase after initial successful therapeutic intervention was considered as a relapse and these patients, after a second therapeutic intervention, were eligible to receive open label PEG. RESULTS: Twenty five patients received neostigmine as the initial therapeutic intervention which resulted in resolution of colonic dilation in 88% of cases. Eight patients had successful endoscopic decompression. Five (33.3%) patients in the placebo group had recurrent caecal dilation compared with none in the PEG group (p = 0.04). Therapy with PEG resulted in a significant increase in stool and flatus evacuations (p = 0.001 and 0.032, respectively) as well as in a significant decrease in the diameter of caecum, ascending and transverse colon, and abdominal circumference (p = 0.017, 0.018, 0.014, and 0.008, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Administration of PEG in patients with Ogilvie's syndrome after initial resolution of colonic dilation may increase the sustained response rate after initial therapeutic intervention.  (+info)

Treatment of pediatric Ogilvie's syndrome with low-dose erythromycin: a case report. (8/26)

Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is a poorly understood syndrome, characterized by the signs, symptoms and radiological pattern of a large bowel obstruction without evidence for a mechanical obstruction. We report a case of a 2-year old boy who presented with progressive abdominal distention, vomiting and abdominal pain on postoperative d 3. Plain abdominal z-ray showed markedly dilated large bowel. Mechanical colonic obstruction was ruled out with hypaque enema. Ogilvie's syndrome was suspected. The patient received treatment with oral erythromycin which had an immediate beneficial effect. During the 6 mo follow-up, no recurrences of symptoms were observed. We provide a safe and effective therapy for Ogilvie's syndrome in pediatric individuals.  (+info)

Definition of Colonic pseudo-obstruction with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
The ESGE commissioned this Guideline (Guideline Committee chair, J.v.H.) and appointed a Guideline leader (B.W.), who identified six clinical conditions of abnormal GI motility in which therapeutic endoscopy is one of the treatment possibilities: Zenkers diverticulum, achalasia, GERD, gastroparesis, intractable constipation, and Ogilvies syndrome. These six areas were at a later stage agreed on by the Guideline committee members.. In March 2018, an email was sent out to several key opinion leaders in the field of therapeutic endoscopy to identify potential Guideline committee members. Individual ESGE members were informed about this Guideline and were asked to apply if they were interested in participating with this Guideline. Three individual members (V.L.-Z., H.L., and F.P.) were selected based on their expertise and scientific output. In addition, the European Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility (ESNM) was approached for collaboration and scientific input. As a result, the ESNM ...
Сравнительный анализ лечения больных с острой обтурационной толстокишечной непроходимостью опухолевого генеза
Colon deseases - Diverticular Disease: Imaging Update: Acute Colonic.... Bowtrol is formulated to maximize ones elimination without causing loose stools or uncomfortable cramping.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Waardenburg syndrome type IV De Novo SOX10 variant causing chronic intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction. AU - Hogan, Anthony R.. AU - Rao, Krishnamurti A.. AU - Thorson, Willa L.. AU - Neville, Holly L.. AU - Sola, Juan E.. AU - Perez, Eduardo A.. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Waardenburg syndrome (WS) type IV is characterized by pigmentary abnormalities, deafness and Hirschsprungs disease. This syndrome can be triggered by dysregulation of the SOX10 gene, which belongs to the SOX (SRY-related high-mobility group-box) family of genes. We discuss the first known case of a SOX10 frameshift mutation variant defined as c.895delC causing WS type IV without Hirschsprungs disease. This female patient of unrelated Kuwaiti parents, who tested negative for cystic fibrosis and Hirschsprungs disease, was born with meconium ileus and malrotation and had multiple surgical complications likely due to chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. These complications included small intestinal necrosis ...
Pseudo-obstruction is a syndrome characterized by signs and symptoms of a mechanical obstruction of the small or large bowel in the absence of an anatomic lesion that obstructs the flow of intestinal contents. Pseudo-obstruction may be acute or chron
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is an extremely rare condition with symptoms of recurrent intestinal obstruction without any lesions. The outcomes of pediatric CIPO and predictors for the outcomes have not yet been well established. We analyzed the clinical outcomes and associated factors for the outcomes of pediatric CIPO. We retrospectively reviewed 66 primary CIPO patients diagnosed between January 1985 and December 2017. We evaluated parenteral nutrition (PN) factors such as PN duration, PN use over 6 months, home PN, and mortality as outcomes. We selected onset age, presence of urologic symptoms, pathologic type, and involvement extent as predictors. The early-onset CIPO was found in 63.6%, and 21.2% of the patients presenting with urologic symptoms. Of the 66 patients, 47 and 11 had neuropathy and myopathy, respectively. The generalized involvement type accounted for 83.3% of the cases. At the last follow-up, 24.2% of the patients required home PN management. The mean duration of PN
Malignant pheochromocytoma associated with pseudo-obstruction of the colon. Murakami, Soichi; Okushiba, Shun-ichi; Ohno, Koichi; Ito, Kiyotaka; Satou, Kousaku; Sugiura, Hiroshi; Morikawa, Toshiaki; Furukawa, Koji; Kondo, Satoshi; Katoh, Hiroyuki; Nihei, Kazuyoshi // Journal of Gastroenterology;2003, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p175 Effective treatment has not yet been established for intestinal pseudo-obstruction, a rare complication of malignant pheochromocytoma. We report the case of a 41-year-old man who presented with malignant pheochromocytoma associated with pseudo-obstruction of the colon. His serum catecholamine... ...
The main treatment is nutritional support to prevent malnutrition and antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. Disorders that may coexist and worsen symptoms of pseudo-obstruction--such as gastroparesis (delayed stomach emptying), gastroesophageal reflux, or bacterial overgrowth--need to be identified and treated.. The challenges of treating chronic pseudo-obstruction are often multifaceted and involve the patient and family as well as the physician. The physician may suggest a multidisciplinary approach to treatment. A management team might include the childs pediatric gastroenterologist, a pediatric pain management specialist, a behavioral specialist, and others.. Chronic abdominal pain or the fear of pain is a common complaint in children with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and may be treated with behavioral or relaxation therapy as well as with non-narcotic medicines.. Some children are able to benefit from small, frequent meals. Others are unable or unwilling to eat because of the ...
The term intestinal pseudo-obstruction denotes a syndrome characterized by a clinical picture suggestive of mechanical obstruction in the absence of any demonstrable evidence of such an obstruction in the intestine. On the basis of the clinical presentation, pseudo-obstruction syndromes can be divided into acute and chronic forms.
운동 기능의 저하는 넓게 분류해서 장 폐쇄 혹은 소장 무력증 혹은 마비 때문으로 나눌 수 있다. 하지만, 장 폐쇄의 증상이 있으면서 물리적인 장 폐쇄는 없는 경우가 있는데 이를 급성 대장성 거짓폐쇄증 (acute colonic pseudoobstruction), 또는 오길비 증후군 (Ogilvies syndrome)이라고 한다.. 장폐쇄 (bowel obstruction)는 위장관이 어떤 물리적인 요인으로 막한 것을 말한다.. 소장의 마비는 마비성 장폐색 (paralytic ileus)이라고 하는데, 완전 마비일 필요는 없으나 내용물이 이동하지 못해 장 폐색을 일으킬 정도로 운동 기능이 저하되어있어야한다. 마비성 장폐색은 특정 수술 후에 흔하게 발생하는 부작용으로, 이때는 수술 후 장폐색 (postsurgical ileus)이라고도 한다. 약이나 외상, 또는 질환 (급성 췌장염 (acute pancreatitis) 등) 역시 원인 중 하나다. 마비성 장폐색은 변비와 ...
CIIPS in children has been reported under a variety of names; megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, chronic adynamic ileus, pseudo-Hirschsprungs disease, adynamic bowel syndrome, colonic neuronal dysplasia, and hollow visceral myopathy.17-25 It is the result of a heterogeneous group of disorders of the enteric neuromusculature that cause severe intestinal dysmotility, resulting in functional obstruction.26-30 Analysis of published studies has shown that most patients develop symptoms early in life.31 In this series, 32 of 44 children developed symptoms during the 1st year of life. At birth they may present with obstruction of either the gut or urinary tract, or both. A persistent bilious aspirate can indicate an associated midgut malrotation. Later, the main presentation is with chronic constipation and/or abdominal distension associated with obstruction and episodic vomiting, which may be bile stained. Previous studies have either been of ...
Discussion Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare, severe syndrome with impaired gastro-intestinal motility leading to functional obstruction resembling mechanical obstruction. It usually affects elderly people with underlying co-morbidities, and early recognition and appropriate management are essential to reduce life-threatening complications.1 The condition may be idiopathic or secondary to other conditions. Most cases are sporadic. Familial forms with either dominant or recessive autosomal inheritance have been described. Histologically, it is classified into neuropathies, mesenchymopathies and myopathies, according to the predominant involvement of enteric neurons, interstitial cells of Cajal or smooth-muscle cells, respectively.2 Hollow visceral myopathy (HVM) is a myopathic cause of CIPO. HVM is a rare clinical entity characterised by impaired intestinal function and motility secondary to a smooth-muscle defect.3,4 Familial visceral myopathy is the most common type, with ...
O:13:\PanistOpenUrl\:36:{s:10:\\u0000*\u0000openUrl\;N;s:6:\\u0000*\u0000idc\;N;s:6:\\u0000*\u0000fmt\;s:7:\journal\;s:6:\\u0000*\u0000doi\;s:0:\\;s:6:\\u0000*\u0000pii\;s:0:\\;s:7:\\u0000*\u0000pmid\;s:0:\\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000atitle\;s:148:\CHRONIC IDIOPATHIC INTESTINAL PSEUDO-OBSTRUCTION SYNDROME: RADIOLOGIC SIGNS IN CHILDREN WITH EMPHASIS ON DIFFERENTIATION FROM MECHANICAL OBSTRUCTION\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000jtitle\;s:0:\\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000stitle\;s:0:\\;s:7:\\u0000*\u0000date\;s:4:\1981\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000volume\;s:0:\\;s:8:\\u0000*\u0000issue\;s:0:\\;s:8:\\u0000*\u0000spage\;s:0:\\;s:8:\\u0000*\u0000epage\;s:0:\\;s:8:\\u0000*\u0000pages\;s:0:\\;s:7:\\u0000*\u0000issn\;s:0:\\;s:8:\\u0000*\u0000eissn\;s:0:\\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000aulast\;s:5:\BYRNE\;s:10:\\u0000*\u0000aufirst\;s:2:\WJ\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000auinit\;N;s:10:\\u0000*\u0000auinitm\;N;s:5:\\u0000*\u0000au\;a:4:{i:0;s:8:\BYRNE WJ\;i:1;s:7:\CIPEL ...
Learn more about Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction at Atlanta Outpatient Surgery Center DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
A clinicopathologic study was made of 16 patients with amyloidosis and with clinical signs of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. amyloid deposits in the small intestine were proved in all cases by endoscopic or intra-operative biopsies, and immunohistochemical study identified the chemical types of amyloid protein: amyloid A protein (AA) in 13 cases, light chain protein (AL) in two, and beta 2-microglobulin (AH) in one. Clinically, an acute self limiting obstructive condition was evident in 13 cases with AA, and 12 of them returned to normal bowel function after receiving total parenteral nutrition. Two cases with AL and one with AH presented chronic, intermittent, obstructive symptoms, and medical treatment, including total parenteral nutrition, was ineffective with no recovery of intestinal propulsion. Pathological examination of the necropsy specimens in seven cases showed considerable differences in the preferential sites of gastrointestinal deposits between the chemical types of amyloid; ...
Discusses chronic and acute forms of intestinal pseudo-obstruction and briefly describes symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of this rare condition.
A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Intestinal pseudo-obstruction
Ogilvie syndrome is the acute dilation of the colon in the absence of any mechanical obstruction in severely ill patients. Colonic pseudo-obstruction is characterized by massive dilatation of the cecum (diameter > 10 cm) and right colon on abdominal X-ray. It is a type of megacolon, sometimes referred to as acute megacolon, to distinguish it from toxic megacolon. The condition carries the name of the British surgeon Sir William Heneage Ogilvie (pl) (1887-1971), who first reported it in 1948. Usually the patient has abdominal distention, pain and altered bowel movements. There may also be nausea and vomiting. Ogilvie syndrome may occur after surgery, especially following coronary artery bypass surgery and total joint replacement. Drugs that disturb colonic motility (e.g., anticholinergics or opioid analgesics) contribute to the development of this condition. The exact mechanism is not known. The probable explanation is imbalance in the regulation of colonic motor activity by the autonomic ...
Dr. Contreras responded: Labs and X-rays. First you have to make sure there arent any other causes of true obstruction. This is done with a combination of x-rays or scans, physical examination, review of the medical history, and laboratory tests. After other causes have been eliminated, then the patient is treated for pseudo-obstruction, also called ogilves syndrome.
Treatment. There is no specific treatment for individuals with CIP. Treatment is directed toward the specific symptoms that are apparent in each individual, and to support adequate nutritional needs. Treatment may require the coordinated efforts of a team of specialists. Pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologists, surgeons, pain management specialists, psychologists, dietitians, and other healthcare professionals may need to systematically and comprehensively plan an affect individual's treatment.. The specific therapeutic procedures and interventions for individuals with CIP will vary, depending upon numerous factors including the specific symptoms present, the site and extent of the affected portion of the GI tract, an individual's age and overall health, tolerance of certain medications or procedures, personal preference and other factors. Decisions concerning the use of particular therapeutic interventions should be made by physicians and other members of the healthcare team in ...
Authors: G Ravenscroft, S Pannell, G OGrady, R Ong, HC Ee, F Faiz, L Marns, H Goel, P Kumarasinghe, E Sollis, P Sivadorai, M Wilson, A Magoffin, S Nightingale, M-L Freckmann, EP Kirk, R Sachdev, DA Lemberg, MB Delatycki, MA Kamm, C Basnayake, PJ Lamont, DJ Amor, K Jones, J Schilperoort, MR Davis, NG Laing
This cross sectional study has characterised the spectrum of clinical, pathological, and prognostic features of the syndrome of CIIP in adults attending a tertiary referral hospital. It was designed to give an overview of the condition which case reports cannot do, because of their focus on individual patients and their inherent bias in reporting unusual features. It demonstrates that in a specialised centre, using our diagnostic criteria, most patients have a visceral myopathy, with a prolonged but disabling course.. The condition of CIIP is rare. We do not believe that our patients are completely typical of affected patients in the community. However only a limited number of tertiary referral centres are likely to manage enough patients with this condition to enable a report such as this to be composed. Some patients will have a relatively benign course with limited symptoms and no need for nutritional supplementation, as occurred in some of the relatives of patient 14. Although this family ...
Andrews JM, Brierley SM, Blackshaw LA. Small intestinal motor and sensory function and dysfunction. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtrans Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 96.. Camilleri M. Disorders of gastrointestinal motility. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldmans Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 136.. Fry RD, Mahmoud NN, Maron DJ, Bleier JIS. Colon and rectum. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 52. ...
Degenerative leiomyopathy (DL) is a distinctive form of acquired degenerative visceral myopathy of uncertain etiology that occurs largely in Africa and results in intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IP). In this review of 39 patients from the Western Cape region of South Africa, the mean age at presentation was 9.5 years (range 6 months to 16 years). Characteristic clinical features included a chronic, insidious history of repeated attacks of abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and vomiting. Marked gaseous distension with atony and IP, especially of the colon, was noted on X-ray films. Megacolon was the most common radiologic feature, but pseudo-obstruction extended proximally into the small intestine in some patients with advanced disease. In the majority of cases the condition was progressive and eventually affected the entire gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Histologic features included smooth-muscule degeneration with vacuolated cytoplasm, extracellular edema, and increased fibrosis of both ...
Approval date: Aug. 30,2012. 851199-59-2 CAS NO. L-Cysteinyl-L-cysteinyl-L-glutamyl-L-tyrosyl-L-cysteinyl-L-cysteinyl-L-asparaginyl-L-prolyl-L-alanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-threonylglycyl-L-cysteinyl-L-tyrosine cyclo(1-6),(2-10),(5-13)-tris(disulfide). Linaclotide is a peptide consisting of 14 amino acids. The sequence is. H-Cys1-Cys2-Glu3-Tyr4-Cys5-Cys6-Asn7-Pro8-Ala9-Cys10-Thr11-Gly12-Cys13-Tyr14-OH. There are three disulfide bonds: Between Cys1 and Cys6, between Cys2 and Cys10, and between Cys5 and Cys13.[8]. Linaclotide (marketed under the trade name Linzess) is an experimentalpeptide agonist of guanylate cyclase 2C that is undergoing clinical trials for use in treating abdominal pain in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) accompanied by constipation. The drug also looks promising in the treatment of gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO), andinertia coli as well.[1] The drug was developed by Ironwood Pharmaceuticals, based in Cambridge, Massachusetts.. Linaclotide was ...
Temperatures on dry land hovered near 50 degrees this weekend, but according the National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office, Lake Michigans water temperature was a chilly 32 degrees. So if you thought the 15th annual Lakeview Polar Bear Club polar plunge was made easier by a relatively balmy day, youd be wrong. There was still plenty of shrinkage going on.. Organizers say Saturdays polar plunge drew over 300 participants and has raised over $24,000 so far for two local families.. All of the donations will go toward the Garcia family, whose son Dominic has Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction (CIPO), and the Linblad family, whose son Nicholas is battling a congenital heart disease. Both families are burdened with mounting medical expenses, and the Lakeview Polar Club hopes to raise $32,000 to help ease some of the financial pressures both families are under.. The organization is still short of their hoped for goal and will be updating their website with news of further donations over ...
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Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a clinical syndrome caused by severe impairment in the ability of the intestines to push food through. It is characterized by the signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction without any lesion in the intestinal lumen. Clinical features can include abdominal pain, nausea, severe distension, vomiting, dysphagia, diarrhea and constipation, depending upon the part Specialty: Gastroenterology ...
Causes of secondary intestinal pseudo-obstruction include abdominal or pelvic surgery, infections, medications such as opiates and antidepressants that affect muscles and nerves.
Oxidative Phosphorylation, Phosphorylation, Genes, DNA, Mitochondrial DNA, Mutations, Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction, Mitochondrial Disorders, Patients, Acidosis, Arrhythmia, ATP, Birth, Cardiomyopathies, Cardiomyopathy, Counseling, Dependency, Diagnosis, Disease, Genetic Counseling
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARP) comprise a family of enzymes which catalyse poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of DNA-binding proteins. Multiple researches indicate the importance of PARP in promoting cell recruitment and thereby inducing organ injury in various forms of inflammation, such as colitis. We have evaluated the effects of two PARP inhibitors, nicotinamide and 1,5-dihydroxyisoquinoline, in acute colitis induced by trinitrobenzensulfonic acid (TNBS) in rats. Nicotinamide (20-40 mg/kg) and 1,5-dihydroxyisoquinoline (4-8 mg/kg) were administered 48, 24 and 1 h prior to the induction of colitis as well as 24 h later. 48 h after colitis induction the lesions were blindly scored and quantified as ulcer index. Histological study and colonic inflammation were assessed by gross appearance and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis and, cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 expressions by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were also performed. Inflammation following TNBS
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One of his best-known accomplishments was to include vulgar slang for copulation and female genitalia. But he also frequently bragged of being far less opposed than previous editors to including foreign words. According to Dr. Ogilvies book, he once told Newsweek, It seemed obvious to me that the vocabulary of all English-speaking countries abroad should receive proper attention ...
A wise woman with the name of Christy Beam and her family seem to have the answer. She told us all about it, in riveting details, in her book titled Miracles from Heaven: A Little Girl, Her Journey to Heaven, and Her Amazing Story of Healing.. The book is a memoir of how her daughter Annabel, then 10 years of age, recovered from a rare intestinal disease called pseudo-obstruction motility disorder. For a layman like me, it means the disability to digest food. After many months of medical treatment, and continual pain and suffering on that little body, she was basically sent home to die. While playing in her backyard with her older sister, they climbed up a huge but dead cottonwood tree that measured almost 3 stories high. She fell head-down into the hollow of the trunk. It took rescuers 3 hours before they could hoist her out of that narrow pit and flew her to a nearby hospital. She woke up shortly with no serious injuries: no broken bones, no neurological damage, none whatsoever.. After she was ...
In terms of CIPO, sequencing patients genomes it could mean that we can find the underlying causes of CIPO - it could be that CIPO has more than one causative gene, which would mean we could even find different subtypes of pseudo-obstruction based on the different underlying gene mutation. However, this would have huge implications for CIPO. If we know the underlying gene mutation/mutations, we will find out the underlying basis of CIPO and the underlying mechanism of how it causes the condition. This could then lead to treatments that rectify the problem with the function relating to the gene, or actually treating the gene mutation itself with gene therapy. This could lead to treatments, or even a cure, for the condition.. The first CIPO patient has already been recruited by Professor Knowles. P.O.R.T. hopes to support the recruitment of patients with CIPO onto the 100,000 Genomes Project and to progress the understanding of and development of treatments for CIPO.. You can find out more about ...
A slowing of gastrointestinal motility that is not associated with mechanical obstruction. Most commonly presents following surgery and usually lasts 2 to 4 days. Prolonged postoperative ileus contributes significantly to longer hospitalisation and increased healthcare costs. Treatment includes b...
Auscultation makes it possible to examine the motor function of the intestine. In a healthy child, 5-7 hours after eating, rhythmic noises are heard in the projection zone of the cecum. Enhanced intestinal motility can be observed with mechanical obstruction; with enterocolitis, it can be combined with loud rumbling. The accumulated clinical experience and scientific research suggest that a well-collected history and a thorough clinical examination of the child (which, in addition to visual examination and palpation, must necessarily be accompanied by a rectal digital examination and examination of the perianal region) is usually sufficient to exclude an organic cause of constipation [12 , fifteen].In this situation, there is no need to carry out a complex set of examinations and laboratory tests before starting treatment. Only in the absence of improvement against the background of traditional therapy or in atypical cases with alarming clinical symptoms (the presence of pathological impurities ...
Bowel obstruction occurs when the normal flow of intraluminal contents is interrupted. Obstruction can be functional (due to abnormal intestinal physiology) or due to a mechanical obstruction, which can be acute or chronic. Advanced small bowel obstr
Gastroparesis is a long-standing disorder of the stomach characterized by delayed emptying of the stomach in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Simply put, the stomach takes too long to empty its contents. Gastroparesis may present with a variety of symptoms, which include early satiety, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and upper abdominal discomfort. Related terms:hyperglycemia and gastroparesisprokinetic […]. ...
Yes. Gastroparesis is defined by delayed gastric emptying in the absence of any mechanical obstruction. To put it more simply, food stays in the stomach lo...
In some individuals with primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction, the condition is caused by mutations in the FLNA gene. This gene provides instructions for producing the protein filamin A, which helps build the network of protein filaments (cytoskeleton) that gives structure to cells and allows them to change shape and move. Filamin A attaches (binds) to another protein called actin and helps it form the branching network of filaments that make up the cytoskeleton.. Some individuals with primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction have FLNA gene mutations that result in an abnormally short filamin A protein. Others have duplications or deletions of genetic material in the FLNA gene. Researchers believe that these genetic changes may impair the function of the filamin A protein, causing abnormalities in the cytoskeleton of nerve cells (neurons) in the gastrointestinal tract. These abnormalities interfere with the nerves ability to produce the coordinated waves of muscle contractions (peristalsis) that ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Can intestinal pseudo-obstruction drive recurrent stroke-like episodes in late-onset MELAS syndrome? A case report and review of the literature. AU - Gagliardi, Delia. AU - Mauri, Eleonora. AU - Magri, Francesca. AU - Velardo, Daniele. AU - Meneri, Megi. AU - Abati, Elena. AU - Brusa, Roberta. AU - Faravelli, Irene. AU - Piga, Daniela. AU - Ronchi, Dario. AU - Triulzi, Fabio. AU - Peverelli, Lorenzo. AU - Sciacco, Monica. AU - Bresolin, Nereo. AU - Comi, Giacomo Pietro. AU - Corti, Stefania. AU - Govoni, Alessandra. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome is a maternally inherited mitochondrial disorder that is most commonly caused by the m. 3243A,G mutation in the MT-TL1 mitochondrial DNA gene, resulting in impairment of mitochondrial energy metabolism. Although childhood is the typical age of onset, a small fraction (1-6%) of individuals manifest the disease after 40 years of age and usually ...
A 2-year-old boy presented to our childrens hospital with a 5-day history of fever and 2 days prior to admission he progressively developed a maculopapular rash in thorax and genitals, had erythema and edema in palms and soles, bilateral conjunctival injection, swollen red lips, and a strawberry tongue. On the day of admission he developed a distended and painful abdomen, diarrhea, and vomiting. On examination he was febrile (39.8 C), heart rate was 180 beats/minute, met 5 major clinical diagnostic criteria for KD, and also presented a diffusely distended tender but soft abdomen, with no rebound sign. He received 1 dose of IVIG [2 g/Kg] and was started on acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) [100 mg/Kg/day]. Because of persistent abdominal distention and vomiting, a plain abdominal radiograph was performed which showed air fluid levels with diffuse small bowel loops distention, all of these consistent with an intestinal pseudoobstruction. An abdominal ultrasound revealed gallbladder hydrops, fluid-filled ...
ABSTRACT. African degenerative leiomyopathy (ADL) is a rare incurable disorder seen in African children, predominantly in southern and south-eastern Africa. ADL presents as chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Management is traditionally conservative, with surgery restricted to the management of complications. We have placed Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) stomas in the grossly dilated colon to vent accumulated gas and administer antegrade bowel enemas. This is done mainly for relief of gaseous distension and constipation in an attempt to provide symptomatic relief and improve quality of life. In this article, we present our preliminary results of laparoscopically assisted technique to insert a Mic-Key gastrostomy device as a button colostomy in 8 patients over the past 6½ years.. ...
Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction Pediatric and Adolescent Gastrointestinal Motility & Pain Program Department of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana
Before more settlements could be established, The Quebec - Ontario boundary north of Lake Timiskaming had to be accurately surveyed. Earlier surveys by Quebec and Ontario resulted in a boundary dispute, so the Canadian government sent a survey team to resolve the issue in 1890. William Ogilvie, who had recently distinguished himself by accurately surveying the Canada - Alaska boundary, led the expedition. A benchmark near Mattawa was used to establish an accurate benchmark north of Lake Timiskaming, using astronomical methods. From the head of Lake Timiskaming, they proceeded north to James Bay, fixing accurate positions of the provincial boundary at regular intervals using geodesy data derived from star transits. Ogilvies journal describe conditions in this area and the early settlers he met. His report on this expedition describes the details of this expedition.[9]. William Murray (1840-1906) and Irvin Heard (1871-1956) were the first European settlers in the New Liskeard area, arriving in ...
Understanding how dietary components alter the healthy baseline colonic microenvironment is important in determining their roles in influencing gut health and gut-associated diseases. Dietary flaxseed (FS) has demonstrated anti-colon cancer effects in numerous rodent models, however, exacerbated acute colonic mucosal injury and inflammation in a colitis model. This study investigates whether FS alters critical aspects of gut health in healthy unchallenged mice, which may help explain some of the divergent effects observed following different gut-associated disease challenges. Four-week-old C57Bl/6 male mice were fed an AIN-93G basal diet (BD) or an isocaloric BD+10% ground FS diet for 3 weeks. FS enhanced colon goblet cell density, mucus production, MUC2 mRNA expression, and cecal short chain fatty acid levels, indicative of beneficial intestinal barrier integrity responses. Additionally, FS enhanced colonic regenerating islet-derived protein 3 gamma (RegIIIγ) and reduced MUC1 and resistin-like ...
The diagnosis of this condition is not always straightforward due to sometimes unspecific and subtle initial symptoms and having a high level of suspicion in patients with a history of cholelithiasis is key. Beside the clinical symptoms of obstructive gastric ileus, the diagnosis nowadays is mainly made by endoscopy, abdominal ultrasound, and/or x-ray and/or CT-scan. While upper endoscopy has a very high success rate in diagnosing the mechanical obstruction, it fails to correctly identify an impacted gallstone as the cause in almost one-third of patients (as the stone can be deeply embedded within the mucosa and blood and clots may obstruct the view). A diagnostic aid is the presence of Riglers triad on plain abdominal x-ray films, consisting of a dilated stomach, pneumobilia (air in the biliary tree) and a radio-opaque shadow in the region of the duodenum representing the migrated gallstone. If further migration of the gallstone can be detected on follow up x-ray films, then this completes ...
Product Constituents. URINALYSIS, URIC ACID, BUN, CREATININE, BUN/CREATININE RATIO, TOTAL PROTEIN, ALBUMIN, GLOBULIN, ELECTROLYTES. Category. KIDNEY RELATED DISORDERS. Prerequisite. No special preparation required. Report Availability. Same Day. Info. Creatinine and electrolyte levels help to detect kidney disorders. increased BUN level indicates kidney disease, heart failure, gout, and pregnancy diseases. urea is the principle waste product of protein catabolism. BUN is most commonly measured in the diagnosis and treatment of certain renal and metabolic diseases. increased BUN concentration may result from increased production of urea due to (1) diet or excessive destruction of cellular proteins as occurs in massive infection and fevers, (2) reduced renal perfusion resulting from dehydration or heart failure, (3) nearly all types of kidney disease, and (4) mechanical obstruction to urine excretion such as is caused by stones, tumors, infection, or stricture. decreased urea levels are less ...
The patient with congenital heart disease who presents for noncardiac surgery requires careful evaluation and planning to avoid adverse perioperative events. This chapter presents a physiological approach to the management of anesthesia for the most common congenital heart lesions. The various congenital heart defects are categorized into lesions resulting in: (1) left-to-right shunting; (2) right-to-left shunting; (3) complete mixing of pulmonary and systemic circulation; (4) complete separation of the pulmonary and systemic circulations; (5) increased myocardial work; and (6) mechanical obstruction of the airway.
In patients with MS, several studies have demonstrated that LA enlargement is a marker of increased thromboembolic risk (4,6,7,9,11,25,26). However, the great majority of studies considered LA size or volume as an indicator of risk. This study aimed to look specifically at LA shape and not just LAVs and LA function in predicting stroke. As LA dilation may not occur in a uniform fashion, LA shape might be a better measure of the pattern of LA remodeling and a better predictor of embolic risk than absolute LAV.. The results of this study show that the atrial shape adds incremental value in predicting embolic events. Additionally, in agreement with a recently published study (27), we found that LA reservoir function was also associated with an increased risk for ECE. Although the LA has 3 major roles that affect LV filling, its reservoir function represents the most important component of the LA function in MS. LA contractile force cannot overcome the mechanical obstruction across the valve and ...
Now, some details about venous or passive hyperaemia. Passive hyperaemia or venous congestion is increased blood supply to an organ or tissue due to reduced blood outflow through the veins. In venous congestion, blood velocity always decreases, decelerates. The etiology of venous congestion is related either to mechanical obstruction of blood flow in the veins. It can be thrombi or emboli, or it is resulted from external compression of the veins by ligation, by tumor, sometimes by pregnant uterus, if we speak about veins or abdominal cavity in pregnant women. It can be also some adhesions prevailing from normal venous outflow. And, here, you can see an illustration of the situation of total venous congestion in many vascular areas. It can occur in heart failure because of increase of venous pressure due to disorder of pumping functions, and it may occur simultaneously in many vascular beds, for example, with right heart failure or cor pulmonale. It may be observed in the greater circulation ...
The complex model of the lower part of the urinary consists of the detrusor smooth muscle cell model and the detailed 1D model of the urethra flow. In future this model will allow to simulate the influence of different drugs and mechanical obstructions in the bladder neck and urethra. A general muscle model involving the calcium dynamics in the smooth muscle cell and the growth and remodelling theory will be shortly introduced. The main part is devoted to the development of a simple bladder model and the detrusor contraction during voiding together with the detailed model of the urethra flow ...
Is the invagination or telescoping of a portion of the intestine into a adjacent, more distal section of the intestine causing mechanical obstruction. The cause may be idiopathic (unknown but.... ...
Background. the genetic diversity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) raises the question of whether vaccines that include a component to elicit antiviral T cell immunity based on a single viral genetic clade could provide cellular immune protection against divergent HIV-1 clades. Therefore, we quantified the cross-clade reactivity, among unvaccinated individuals, of anti-HIV-1 T cell responses to the infecting HIV-1 clade relative to other major circulating clades.Methods. Cellular immune responses to HIV-1 clades A, B, and C were compared by standardized interferon-gamma enzyme-linked immunospot assays among 250 unvaccinated individuals, infected with diverse HIV-1 clades, from Brazil, Malawi, South Africa, Thailand, and the United States. Cross-clade reactivity was evaluated by use of the ratio of responses to heterologous versus homologous ( infecting) clades of HIV-1.Results. Cellular immune responses were predominantly focused on viral Gag and Nef proteins. Cross-clade ...
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is characterized by massive dilatation of the cecum (diameter > 10 cm) and right colon on ... "Neostigmine for the treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction". N. Engl. J. Med. 341 (3): 137-41. doi:10.1056/ ... Drugs that disturb colonic motility (such as anticholinergics or opioid analgesics) contribute to the development of this ... Normal colonic motility requires integration of myogenic, neural, and hormonal influences. The enteric nervous system is ...
"Favorable surgical treatment outcomes for chronic constipation with features of colonic pseudo-obstruction". World Journal of ... Maladie d'Arbuthnot Lane)" [Colonic inertia and rectal obstruction (Arbuthnot Lane disease)]. Annales de Gastroentérologie et ... Retrograde colonic irrigation has limited value". Lane, W. A. (1908). "Remarks on the results of the operative treatment of ... Sometimes, colonic inertia develops shortly after childbirth or hysterectomy. All patients with this syndrome have a colon of ...
Another indication for use is the conservative management of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, or Ogilvie's syndrome, in which ... Maloney N, Vargas HD (May 2005). "Acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome)". Clinics in Colon and Rectal ... patients get massive colonic dilatation in the absence of a true mechanical obstruction. Hospitals sometimes administer a ...
... intestinal pseudo-obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.531.492.500.217 - colonic pseudo-obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.531.568 - ... colonic diseases, functional MeSH C06.405.469.158.272.217 - colonic pseudo-obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.158.272.608 - irritable ... intestinal obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.531.099 - afferent loop syndrome MeSH C06.405.469.531.311 - duodenal obstruction MeSH ... colonic MeSH C06.405.469.158.587.500 - diverticulitis, colonic MeSH C06.405.469.158.701 - megacolon MeSH C06.405.469.158. ...
... colonic pseudo-obstruction, bypass enteropathy, volvulus with mechanical small bowel obstruction Extra-intestinal ... The colonic absorption of oxalate has been attributed to: Exposure of colonic mucosa to excessive bile salts and possibly bile ... Calcium oxalate renal stones occur commonly following JIB, along with increased colonic absorption of oxalate. ... acids, increasing colonic permeability to oxalate, or Excessive quantities of fatty acids in the gut form soaps with calcium, ...
하지만, 장 폐쇄의 증상이 있으면서 물리적인 장 폐쇄는 없는 경우가 있는데 이를 "급성 대장성 거짓폐쇄증" (acute colonic pseudoobstruction), 또는 오길비 증후군 (Ogilvie's syndrome) ... 장폐쇄 (bowel obstruction)는 위장관이 어떤 물리적인 요인으로 막한 것을 말한다.. 소장의 마비는 마비성 장폐색 (paralytic ileus)이라고 하는데, 완전 마비일 필요는 없으나 내용물이 이동하지 못해 장 ... Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus. 8/e. Elsevier Saunders, 2006.. *↑ Kitabchi, AE, Umpierrez, GE, Murphy, MB, et al. Management ...
Saunders MD (October 2004). "Acute colonic pseudoobstruction". Current Gastroenterology Reports. 6 (5): 410-6. doi:10.1007/ ... Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction is a clinical syndrome caused by severe impairment in the ability of the intestines to push food ... Secondary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction can occur as a consequence of a number of other conditions, including Kawasaki ... Secondary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is managed by treating the underlying condition. There is no cure for primary ...
Surgery may also be used to treat some causes of bowel obstruction. The normal thickness of the small intestinal wall is 3-5 mm ... Functional colonic diseases refer to disorders without a known cause, including irritable bowel syndrome and intestinal ... Other causes of illness include intestinal pseudoobstruction, and necrotizing enterocolitis. Diseases of the intestine may ... "Small-Bowel Obstruction Imaging". Medscape. Retrieved 2017-03-07. Updated: Sep 22, 2016 Fernandes, Teresa; Oliveira, Maria I.; ...
... mainly in acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, Ogilvie's syndrome. A bowel obstruction is generally a mechanical obstruction of ... However, instances with symptoms and signs of a bowel obstruction occur, but with the absence of a mechanical obstruction, ... MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: Intestinal Obstruction Patient UK: Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus PubMed Health: Intestinal ... It can be caused by lack of peristalsis or by mechanical obstruction. The word 'ileus' is from Ancient Greek εἰλεός eileós, " ...
Small bowel obstruction on ultrasound. Differential diagnoses of bowel obstruction include: Ileus Pseudo-obstruction or ... Diverticulosis Hernias Inflammatory bowel disease Colonic volvulus (sigmoid, caecal, transverse colon) Adhesions Constipation ... Bowel obstruction, also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which ... Small bowel obstructions are most often due to adhesions and hernias while large bowel obstructions are most often due to ...
In approximately 80 percent of colonic obstructions, an invasive carcinoma is found to be the cause of the obstruction. This is ... Other rare syndromes, including Ogilvie's syndrome, chronic constipation and impaction may cause a pseudo obstruction.[12] ... Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may cause colonic obstruction. The obstruction may be acute or chronic after years of ... Although diverticulitis may be the source of a colonic obstruction, it more commonly causes an ileus, which appears to be a ...
Obstructing disorders Gastric outlet obstruction Small bowel obstruction Colonic obstruction Superior mesenteric artery ... disease Cholecystitis Pancreatitis Appendicitis Hepatitis Sensorimotor dysfunction Gastroparesis Intestinal pseudo-obstruction ... An obstruction further down in the intestine or colon will cause delayed vomiting. An infectious cause of nausea and vomiting ... Bits of fecal matter in the emesis indicate obstruction in the distal intestine or the colon. Emesis that is of a bilious ...
The drug has also been tested for the treatment of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. The primary measure of efficacy in ... Prucalopride alters colonic motility patterns via serotonin 5-HT4 receptor stimulation: it stimulates colonic mass movements, ... Clinical trial number NCT00793247 for "Efficacy Study of Prucalopride to Treat Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction (CIP)" at ... Smart CJ, Ramesh AN (August 2012). "The successful treatment of acute refractory pseudo-obstruction with prucalopride". ...
The drug has also been tested for the treatment of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction.[11][12] ... Prucalopride alters colonic motility patterns via serotonin 5-HT4 receptor stimulation: it stimulates colonic mass movements, ... Smart, C. J.; Ramesh, A. N. (2011). "The successful treatment of acute refractory pseudo-obstruction with Prucalopride". ... Oustamanolakis, P.; Tack, J. (2012). "Prucalopride for chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction". Alimentary Pharmacology & ...
... intestinal obstruction, colon swelling, intestinal ischemia, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, and acute abdomen. Eye changes ... Kim MY, Noh JH (August 2008). "A case of Kawasaki disease with colonic edema". Journal of Korean Medical Science. 23 (4): 723-6 ... Akikusa JD, Laxer RM, Friedman JN (May 2004). "Intestinal pseudoobstruction in Kawasaki disease". Pediatrics. 113 (5): e504-6. ... and ocular artery obstruction. It can also be found as necrotizing vasculitis, progressing into peripheral gangrene. The ...
Functional colonic disease (IBS, Intestinal pseudoobstruction/Ogilvie syndrome) - Megacolon/Toxic megacolon · Diverticulitis/ ... Bowel obstruction: Ileus · Intussusception · Volvulus · Fecal impaction - மலச்சிக்கல் · வயிற்றுப்போக்கு (இரையகக்குடலிய அழற்சி) ...
Functional colonic disease (IBS, Intestinal pseudoobstruction/Ogilvie syndrome) - Megacolon/Toxic megacolon · Diverticulitis/ ... Bowel obstruction: Ileus · Intussusception · Volvulus · Fecal impaction - மலச்சிக்கல் · வயிற்றுப்போக்கு (இரையகக்குடலிய அழற்சி) ...
Appendicitis · Colitis (Pseudomembranous, Ulcerative, Ischemic, Microscopic, Collagenous, Lymphocytic) · Functional colonic ... Bowel obstruction: Ileus · Intussusception · Volvulus · Fecal impaction - Constipation · Diarrhea (Infectious) · Intestinal ... disease (IBS, Intestinal pseudoobstruction/Ogilvie syndrome) - Megacolon/Toxic megacolon · Diverticulitis/Diverticulosis. Large ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Outlet obstruction[edit]. Outlet obstruction is a sub-type of large bowel obstruction and refers to conditions affecting the ... Bowel obstruction, also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which ... Large bowel obstruction[edit]. Upright abdominal X-ray of a person with a large bowel obstruction showing multiple air fluid ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction. *Diffuse esophageal spasm. *Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). * ... Regular consumption of dairy foods containing lactose can promote a colonic bacteria adaptation, enhancing a favorable ... Regular consumption of dairy food by lactase deficient individuals may also reduce symptoms of intolerance by promoting colonic ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Long-term complications of medical NEC include bowel obstruction and anemia. In the United States of America it caused 355 ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... "Simultaneous measurement of gastric emptying, small bowel residence and colonic filling of a solid meal by the use of the ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... People typically present with either an intermittent mass, localized pain, or signs of bowel obstruction.[1] ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... or bowel obstruction.[1] ... Iron deficiency anemia, volvulus, bowel obstruction[1]. Types. ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Depending on the severity of the obstruction, a partial obstruction may relieve itself with conservative medical intervention. ... Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a significant consequence of post-surgical adhesions. A SBO may be caused when an adhesion ... Besides intestinal obstructions caused by adhesions that may be seen in an X-ray, there are no diagnostic tests available to ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Solid dysphagia is due to obstruction such as esophageal cancer, esophageal web, or stricture. ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... In contrast, mechanical obstruction of the biliary tract is the major factor leading to bacterial degradation and precipitation ...
lower colonic pH (i.e., raises the acidity level in the colon) which protects the lining from formation of colonic polyps and ... or obstruction. ... Pseudo tannins. *Synthetic tannins. *Tannin uses *Enological. * ... SCFAs that are absorbed by the colonic mucosa pass through the colonic wall into the portal circulation (supplying the liver), ... Butyric acid appears to be used as a fuel by the colonic mucosa as the preferred energy source for colonic cells. ...
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a syndrome caused by a malformation of the digestive system, characterized by a severe ... Sarna, S.K. (2010). "Introduction". Colonic Motility: From Bench Side to Bedside. San Rafael, California: Morgan & Claypool ... There is no cure for intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Different types of surgery and treatment managing life-threatening ... "Commensal microbe-derived butyrate induces the differentiation of colonic regulatory T cells". Nature. 504 (7480): 446-450. doi ...
1997). Colonic irrigation and the theory of autointoxication: a triumph of ignorance over science. Journal of Clinical ... The AMA criticized it as a "fad magazine" which advertised "pseudo-medical" products. Tyrrell's Institute published similar ... theory-that there is only one cause for disease and that cause is autointoxication resulting from intestinal obstruction - is " ...
Cancer - Histopathologic image of colonic carcinoid Precancer - Tubular adenoma (left of image), a type of colonic polyp and a ... This very rarely causes obstruction of feces, and presents with symptoms such as anemia. Left-sided tumors tend to be ... prominent nucleoli and trabecular and pseudo-acinar growth pattern similar to hepatocarcinoma. H&E stained sections (A) ...
MMC impairment may be a result of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome, drug use, or intestinal pseudo-obstruction among ... This can cause diarrhea by the osmotic drive of these molecules, but can also stimulate the secretory mechanisms of colonic ... consider aspiration of more than 103 positive if the flora is predominately colonic type bacteria as these types of bacteria ...
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a syndrome caused by a malformation of the digestive system, characterized by a severe ... Ghoshal, U. C.; Sengar, V.; Srivastava, D. (2012). "Colonic Transit Study Technique and Interpretation: Can These be Uniform ... There is no cure for intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Different types of surgery and treatment managing life-threatening ... ISBN 978-0-323-01639-1. Sarna, S.K. (2010). "Introduction". Colonic Motility: From Bench Side to Bedside. San Rafael, ...
Megacolon denotes dilatation of the colon that is not caused by mechanical obstruction. ... Colonic decompression reduces proximal acute colonic pseudo-obstruction and related symptoms. Dis Colon Rectum. 2020 Jan. 63 (1 ... Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction (Acute Megacolon, Ogilvie Syndrome) * Sections Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction (Acute Megacolon ... encoded search term (Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction (Acute Megacolon%2C Ogilvie Syndrome)) and Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction ...
Megacolon denotes dilatation of the colon that is not caused by mechanical obstruction. ... Colonic decompression reduces proximal acute colonic pseudo-obstruction and related symptoms. Dis Colon Rectum. 2020 Jan. 63 (1 ... Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction (Acute Megacolon, Ogilvie Syndrome) * Sections Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction (Acute Megacolon ... encoded search term (Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction (Acute Megacolon%2C Ogilvie Syndrome)) and Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction ...
Definition of Colonic pseudo-obstruction with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more ... colonic fistula. colonic flora. colonic irrigation. colonic polyp. colonic pseudo-obstruction (current term). colonic smear. ... Colonic Pseudo-obstruction Images Lexicographical Neighbors of Colonic Pseudo-obstruction. colonializing. colonially. ... colonic. colonic angiodysplasia. colonic diverticula. colonic diverticular haemorrhage. colonic diverticulitis. colonic ...
Colonic pseudo-obstruction (CPO) is defined as marked colonic distension in the absence of mechanical obstruction. We aimed to ... Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Aged, 80 and over / Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction / Aged / ... Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Colon/pathology , Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction/diagnosis , Constipation/ ... The Clinical Characteristics of Colonic Pseudo-obstruction and the Factors Associated with Medical Treatment Response: A Study ...
Intestinal Pseudo-obstruction. (Colonic Ileus; Ogilvies Syndrome; Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction; Acute Nontoxic Megacolon) ... In intestinal pseudo-obstruction, foods and liquids are unable to pass through the intestine, causing a build-up of food, fluid ... Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is caused by problems with the muscles and nerves of the intestine. ... Many cases of intestinal pseudo-obstruction cannot be prevented. But certain measures can be taken after surgery to help avoid ...
Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction in a Pediatric Patient. Shukla, Mayank MD; Barros, Romina MD; Majjiga, Venkata S MD; More ...
Ogilvie syndrome, or acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), represents a pathological entity, potentially with a severe ... Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction (Ogilvie Syndrome) - A Severe Complication in the Evolutio Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction ( ... process of guiding the optimal management of a critically ill patient is at high risk of developing colonic pseudo-obstruction ... Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Pseudo-Obstrução ...
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a condition in which there are symptoms of blockage of the intestine (bowels) without any ... Primary intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Acute colonic ileus; Colonic pseudo-obstruction; Idiopathic intestinal pseudo- ... In intestinal pseudo-obstruction, the intestine is unable to contract and push food, stool, and air through the digestive tract ... Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a condition in which there are symptoms of blockage of the intestine (bowels) without any ...
1.3 Acute colonic pseudoobstruction. *2 Pathogenesis *2.1 Inhibitory neural reflexes. *2.2 Inflammation ... Bowel obstruction. References. *^ Salim AS (March 1991). "Duration of intravenous fluid replacement after abdominal surgery: a ... Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus. 8/e. Elsevier Saunders, 2006.. *^ Lundin C, Sullins KE, White NA and al. Induction of ... Some mechanical obstructions are misnomers, such as gallstone ileus and meconium ileus, and are not true examples of ileus by ...
Management of Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction. Pages 217-219. Kulaylat, Audrey S. (et al.) ...
Colonic pseudo-obstruction. Diarrhea. Signs and symptoms, Digestive. Additional relevant MeSH terms: ... Colonic diseases. Colonic diseases, functional. Digestive system disease. Gastrointestinal disease. Intestinal disease. ... Colonic Diseases, Functional. Colonic Diseases. Intestinal Diseases. Gastrointestinal Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. ... Patient has a history of intestinal obstruction, stricture, toxic megacolon, GI perforation, fecal impaction, gastric banding, ...
Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction Keith Chapple. Pages 439-449 * Colonic Volvulus Lesley M. Hunt ...
Colonic Pseudo-obstruction With Transition Zone: A Peculiar Eastern Severe Dysmotility Colonic Pseudo-obstruction With ... Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction / Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction / Humans / Male / Cell Count / Follow-Up Studies / Colectomy Country ... Cell Count , Colectomy , Colon , Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Eosinophils , Follow-Up Studies , ... Previous studies from Korea have described chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) patients with transition zone (TZ) in ...
Ogilvie syndrome [acute colonic pseudo-obstruction] represents a clinical condition with symptoms of colonic obstruction ... Idiopathic dilatation of the colon in a nursing home resident, with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie ... Idiopathic dilatation of the colon in a nursing home resident, with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie ... with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie Syndrome], J. Coll. Physicians Surg. Pak. 2019; 29 (2): 178-180 ...
... following confirmation of an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction on computed tomography scan and she made a full recovery. ... Mechanical obstruction should be excluded by radiological imaging including X-ray and computed tomography scan. A prompt ... known as Ogilvie syndrome is a condition characterized by massive colonic distension in the absence of mechanical obstruction. ... Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is characterized by acute colonic dilatation in the absence of any identifiable mechanical ...
Diagnosis depends on the gross dilatation of caecum and ascending colon and exclusion of distal mechanical obstruction. Failure ... is acute massive functional dilatation of bowel without a distal mechanical obstruction. It is a rare, relatively unknown but ... acute colonic pseudo-obstruction) is acute massive functional dilatation of bowel without a distal mechanical obstruction. It ... KEYWORDS: Ogilvies syndrome; colonic pseudo-obstruction, caesarean section, perforation. REFERENCES:. * Reeves M, Frizelle F, ...
Ogilvie Syndrome (Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction). Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not ... Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction. This occurs when intestinal motility is affected at a portion of the small intestine. ... Primary idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction may be a result of unknown causes (idiopathic), familial or congenital ... Causes of Colon Obstruction. Many of the causes of small intestine obstruction may also affect the large intestine. This ...
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie`s Syndrome) in post-partum patients. Kjærgaard, N. & Dons-Jensen, H., 2016.. Research ... Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie`s Syndrome) in post-partum patients. Kjærgaard, N. & Dons-Jensen, H., 2016.. Research ... Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction after cesarean section and gastrointestinal symptoms. Christensen, K., Ostersen, L. H., ...
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction after cesarean section and gastrointestinal symptoms. Christensen, K., Ostersen, L. H., ...
Colonic pseudo-obstruction: Colonic pseudo-obstruction occurs in the absence of a mechanical cause of obstruction. It could ... Mechanical obstruction in the intestines: Obstruction to the passage of stools in the intestines can be caused by conditions ... results in pseudo obstruction and constipation. It could be a result of electrolyte abnormalities, complication of surgery, ... obstruction in blood supply to the intestines, intra-abdominal infection, kidney or lung disease or the use of certain ...
Saunders MD (October 2004). "Acute colonic pseudoobstruction". Current Gastroenterology Reports. 6 (5): 410-6. doi:10.1007/ ... Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction is a clinical syndrome caused by severe impairment in the ability of the intestines to push food ... Secondary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction can occur as a consequence of a number of other conditions, including Kawasaki ... Secondary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is managed by treating the underlying condition. There is no cure for primary ...
Neostigmine for acute colonic pseudo-obstruction: A meta-analysis.. Valle RG, Godoy FL. ...
Constipation and Bowel Obstruction. Ileus, bowel obstruction, and colonic pseudoobstruction have occurred. Marqibo can cause ... Institute a prophylactic bowel regimen to mitigate potential constipation, bowel obstruction, and/or paralytic ileus, ...
Frequency not reported: Abdominal pain, ileus/colonic pseudo-obstruction[Ref]. General. Side effects that have resulted in non- ... Other side effects include: asthenia, increased serum aspartate aminotransferase, and intestinal obstruction. See below for a ...
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Colonic pseudo-obstruction. Very rare (less than 0.01%): Parotitis[Ref] ...
Colonic pseudo-obstruction. Hemoperitoneum/ pneumoperitoneum. Ascites. 3. Factors that increase capillary leak/ fluid overload ... Nasogastric/colonic decompression. Promotility agents. Enemas. Colonoscopic decompression. Evacuation of abdominal collections ...
Intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel. The contents of the intestine cannot pass through it. ... Paralytic ileus; Intestinal volvulus; Bowel obstruction; Ileus; Pseudo-obstruction - intestinal; Colonic ileus; Small bowel ... Paralytic ileus, also called pseudo-obstruction, is one of the major causes of intestinal obstruction in infants and children. ... Intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel. The contents of the intestine cannot pass through it. ...
Colonic Decompression Reduces Proximal Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction and Related Symptoms.. Mankaney GN, Sarvepalli S, Arora ...
Ogilvies Syndrome or Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction pp. e38-e39(2) Authors: Shahait, Awni D.; Mostafa, Gamal ...
... an older man developed acute colonic pseudo-obstruction refractory to conservative management. During a decompression ... Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is severe dilation of the colon without the presence of a mechanical obstruction. ACPO ... The role of endoscopy in the management of patients with known and suspected colonic obstruction and pseudo-obstruction. ... Radiograph of Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction. (Image courtesy of Radiopaedia.org. From case rID: 11684.). ...
  • Treat the underlying cause if possible, such as correction of any electrolyte/metabolic abnormalities and removal of medications that may decrease colonic motility (eg, narcotics, anticholinergic agents, calcium channel antagonists). (medscape.com)
  • In contrast, motility disorders that result from structural abnormalities are termed mechanical bowel obstruction . (thefullwiki.org)
  • She was managed conservatively with a prokinetic (drug which enhances gastrointestinal motility) following confirmation of an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction on computed tomography scan and she made a full recovery. (edoriumjournals.com)
  • Paralytic ileus, a condition where the motility of the intestines is inhibited, results in pseudo obstruction and constipation. (medindia.net)
  • Primary (idiopathic) intestinal pseudo-obstruction is diagnosed based on motility studies, x-rays and gastric emptying studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was treated conservatively with placement of a nasogastric tube, discontinuation of all oral intake, administration of intravenous fluids, and cessation of all medications that can impair colonic motility. (ahrq.gov)
  • Drugs that disturb colonic motility (such as anticholinergics or opioid analgesics) contribute to the development of this condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal colonic motility requires integration of myogenic, neural, and hormonal influences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prucalopride, a serotonin type 4 receptor agonist, is a gastrointestinal prokinetic agent that stimulates colonic peristalsis, increasing bowel motility. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Background -Chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, a syndrome of ineffectual motility due to a primary disorder of enteric nerve or muscle, is rare. (bmj.com)
  • Patients with chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIIP) have a variety of underlying pathologies which result in defective gut motility. (bmj.com)
  • Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare, severe syndrome with impaired gastro-intestinal motility leading to functional obstruction resembling mechanical obstruction. (scielo.org.za)
  • Absence or reduction in the number of ICCs has been implicated in several disorders of human gastrointestinal motility, including hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, Hirschsprung disease, intestinal pseudo-obstruction , and slow-transit constipation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Visceral Hypersensitivity and Altered Colonic Motility in Type 2 Diabetic Rat. (koreamed.org)
  • Megacolon denotes dilatation of the colon that is not caused by a mechanical obstruction. (medscape.com)
  • It is characterized by acute colonic dilatation in the absence of an intrinsic mechanical obstruction or an extrinsic inflammatory process (toxic megacolon). (medscape.com)
  • Colonic pseudo-obstruction (CPO) is defined as marked colonic distension in the absence of mechanical obstruction. (bvsalud.org)
  • CPO was diagnosed as colonic dilatation without mechanical obstruction by using radiologic and/or endoscopic examinations. (bvsalud.org)
  • Ogilvie syndrome , or acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), represents a pathological entity, potentially with a severe outcome, due to the acute important dilation of the large bowel, in the absence of a mechanical luminal obstruction. (bvsalud.org)
  • The symptoms of this condition act like a mechanical bowel obstruction , but no blockage is found when doctors examine the intestine. (epnet.com)
  • Some mechanical obstructions are misnomers, such as gallstone ileus and meconium ileus , and are not true examples of ileus by the classic definition [ 4 ] . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Ogilvie syndrome [acute colonic pseudo-obstruction] represents a clinical condition with symptoms of colonic obstruction without a distinct mechanical factor. (who.int)
  • Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie syndrome is a condition characterized by massive colonic distension in the absence of mechanical obstruction. (edoriumjournals.com)
  • Mechanical obstruction should be excluded by radiological imaging including X-ray and computed tomography scan. (edoriumjournals.com)
  • Ogilvie's syndrome (acute colonic pseudo-obstruction) is acute massive functional dilatation of bowel without a distal mechanical obstruction. (jcog.com.tr)
  • Diagnosis depends on the gross dilatation of caecum and ascending colon and exclusion of distal mechanical obstruction. (jcog.com.tr)
  • Most cases of small bowel obstruction are due to mechanical causes. (healthhype.com)
  • Chyme is not propelled efficiently beyond this point and 'backs up' thereby causing a mechanical obstruction. (healthhype.com)
  • Colonic pseudo-obstruction occurs in the absence of a mechanical cause of obstruction. (medindia.net)
  • All of these features are also similar in true mechanical obstruction of the bowel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is severe dilation of the colon without the presence of a mechanical obstruction. (ahrq.gov)
  • Diagnosis of ACPO is secured with imaging showing a dilated colon in the absence of a mechanical obstruction ( Figure ). (ahrq.gov)
  • Once mechanical obstruction is excluded (typically requires a CT scan or a water-soluble contrast enema study), management of ACPO is focused on reversal and treatment of precipitating factors and decompression of the colon. (ahrq.gov)
  • Ogilvie syndrome is the acute dilatation of the colon in the absence of any mechanical obstruction in severely ill patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary feature is clinical and radiological evidence of intestinal obstruction in the absence of a mechanical lesion. (bmj.com)
  • The condition was first recognised by Dudley et al in 1958 who described 13 patients with clinical features of bowel obstruction in the absence of a mechanical cause in whom recurring symptoms of pain, vomiting, and distension led to multiple laparotomies. (bmj.com)
  • While listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope your health care provider may hear high-pitched bowel sounds at the onset of mechanical obstruction. (aarp.org)
  • A mechanical obstruction (intrinsic or extrinsic) of the colon leads to luminal stasis, allowing more anerobic bacteria to proliferate, leading to fermentation and increased gas production. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Ogilvie's syndrome is an acute dilatation of a part or all of the colon and rectum without mechanical obstruction. (scirp.org)
  • Ogilvie's syndrome or acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is defined as an important dilation of the colon in the absence of mechanical or functional obstruction. (scirp.org)
  • That showed an important dilatation of all of the colon and rectum without sharp transition or mechanical obstruction ( Figure 1 ) and without signs of gravity ( Figure 2 ). (scirp.org)
  • Abdominal CT in coronal and sagittal sections, showing the dilatation of all of the colon (arrows) and rectum (arrowhead), without sharp transition or mechanical obstruction. (scirp.org)
  • As Ogilvie syndrome can demonstrate a presentation similar to ileus, small bowel obstruction, mechanical large bowel obstruction, and perforated viscus, it is important to note the distinguishing characteristics of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction in order to make a timely and accurate diagnosis with appropriate intervention. (reproductivemedicine.com)
  • Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, the so-called Ogilvie’s syndrome, results in massive colonic dilation without mechanical obstruction. (ebscohost.com)
  • Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Paralytic ileus, also called pseudo-obstruction, is one of the major causes of intestinal obstruction in infants and children. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction, such as Ogilvie's syndrome, or adynamic ileus, may mimic intestinal obstruction clinically, even though there is no distinct physical obstruction. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Vanek VW, Al-Salti M. Acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon (Ogilvie's syndrome). (jcog.com.tr)
  • Jayaram P, Mohan M, Lindow S, Konje J. Postpartum acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome): a systematic review of case reports and case series. (jcog.com.tr)
  • Fellows will learn how to endoscopically treat Ogilvie's syndrome (colonic pseudo-obstruction) and colonic volvulus. (uhhospitals.org)
  • A Rare Cause of Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction: Ogilvie's Syndrome Caused by Herpes Zoster. (koreamed.org)
  • 하지만, 장 폐쇄의 증상이 있으면서 물리적인 장 폐쇄는 없는 경우가 있는데 이를 "급성 대장성 거짓폐쇄증" (acute colonic pseudoobstruction), 또는 오길비 증후군 (Ogilvie's syndrome)이라고 한다. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obstruction within the small intestine (small bowel obstruction or SBO) is more common than a blockage elsewhere in the gastrointestinal tract. (healthhype.com)
  • Polyps may also cause small bowel obstruction although it is more likely to occur in the large intestine. (healthhype.com)
  • X-rays of the abdomen are important in diagnosing the presence of small bowel obstruction. (mountsinai.org)
  • Sigmoid volvulus is a cause of large bowel obstruction and occurs when the sigmoid colon twists on its mesentery, the sigmoid mesocolon . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Symptoms are that of a large bowel obstruction: constipation, abdominal bloating, nausea and/or vomiting. (radiopaedia.org)
  • ConclusionUsing the obstruction protocol in patients with bowel obstruction reduced emergency surgery and postoperative morbidity and mortality in this pilot study. (medworm.com)
  • Large Bowel Obstruction (LBO) can lead to bowel ischemia, perforation, sepsis. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Diagnostic Confirmation: Are you sure your patient has a large bowel obstruction? (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • C. History Part III: Competing diagnoses that can mimic Large Bowel Obstruction. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Management of adhesive small bowel obstruction: A distinct paradigm shift in the United States J Trauma Acute Care Surg. (usc.edu)
  • but currently in the Western world, adhesions have become the most frequent cause of adult small bowel obstruction, accounting for 74% of cases in a series by Miller. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • The most frequent etiology of bowel obstruction varies by age. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare entity and therefore, is often misdiagnosed in clinical practice, however, it may be accompanied by a series of severe complications, such as bowel obstruction and perforation. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Large-bowel obstruction (LBO) is an emergency condition that requires early identification and intervention. (medscape.com)
  • Bowel obstruction and perforation of viscus may have a similar presentation. (reproductivemedicine.com)
  • 장폐쇄 (bowel obstruction)는 위장관이 어떤 물리적인 요인으로 막한 것을 말한다. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sigmoid volvulus is a common cause of large bowel obstruction in western countries and Africa. (ebscohost.com)
  • It accounts for 25% of the patients admitted to the hospital for large bowel obstruction. (ebscohost.com)
  • Long-term opiate narcotic use (including diphenoxylate and loperamide) may lead to colonic dilatation and may limit the ability of the colon to contract when dilated. (medscape.com)
  • Mariusz Chabowski ,Bartosz Bieganski ,Jakub Kobecki ,Mateusz Szponder ,Dariusz Janczak , Idiopathic dilatation of the colon in a nursing home resident, with a suspected acute colonic pseudo-obstruction [Ogilvie Syndrome], J. Coll. (who.int)
  • Colonic dilatation can be seen on imaging proximal to the point of obstruction. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Diffuse colonic dilatation, which may extend to the small bowel if there is an incompetent ileocecal valve. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Acute colonic pseudoobstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition first reported in 1948 by Sir William Ogilvie. (medscape.com)
  • The pathophysiology underlying acute colonic pseudoobstruction (ACPO) (acute megacolon, Ogilvie syndrome) remains unresolved. (medscape.com)
  • However, multiple risk factors have been described that appear to be associated with ACPO, with the presumption that dysregulation of colonic motor activity as a possible underlying mechanism. (medscape.com)
  • Management of acute colonic pseudoobstruction (ACPO) (acute megacolon, Ogilvie syndrome) can be divided into a conservative or interventional approach. (medscape.com)
  • Conservative management is preferred when the patient with acute colonic pseudoobstruction (ACPO) (acute megacolon, Ogilvie syndrome) is clinically stable. (medscape.com)
  • Colonic decompression appears to be effective for proximal colonic dilation or ACPO-related symptoms relative to standard medical care alone. (medscape.com)
  • [ 21 ] A 2020 retrospective (2000-2016), propensity-matched study that evaluated the efficacy of colonic decompression with standard medical therapy (supportive care, pharmacotherapy) for treatment of inpatients with first diagnosis of ACPO versus standard medical therapy alone found no significant differences in mid or distal colon diameter reduction between the two groups. (medscape.com)
  • We highlight the significance of the Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) particularly postoperatively after cesarean section. (edoriumjournals.com)
  • A volvulus occurs when a portion of the bowel, either large or small, rotates and the twisting causes an obstruction and leads to strangulation with ischemia. (healthhype.com)
  • Obstruction to the passage of stools in the intestines can be caused by conditions like cancer, stricture formation (an abnormal narrowing by fibrous or other tissues), foreign bodies, hernia and volvulus (twisting of the intestine). (medindia.net)
  • Large bowel volvulus accounts for ~5% of all large bowel obstructions, with ~60% of intestinal volvulus involving the sigmoid colon 6 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • Diagnosis of colonic volvulus: findings on multidetector CT with three-dimensional reconstructions. (radiopaedia.org)
  • 8. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Colon Volvulus and Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Neostigmine may be used to treat intestinal pseudo-obstruction that is only in the large bowel (Ogilvie syndrome). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Despite conservative treatment, his symptoms progressed and computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (sometimes referred to as Ogilvie syndrome). (ahrq.gov)
  • Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, also known as Ogilvie syndrome, can be serious and potentially life-threatening and should be treated as quickly as possible. (medic8.com)
  • Ogilvie syndrome (colonic pseudo-obstruction) patients with suspected pe. (cadasb.org)
  • Ogilvie syndrome (colonic pseudo-obstruction) patients with is unconvinced that this pattern occur. (dsaj.org)
  • Ogilvie syndrome, also known as acute colonic pseudobstruction, is a rare but potentially fatal complication that may occur following cesarean delivery. (reproductivemedicine.com)
  • Prompt treatment is important to reduce the risk of complications, including colonic ischemia and/or perforation. (ahrq.gov)
  • The risk of perforation depends on the acuity, severity, and duration of colonic distention. (ahrq.gov)
  • An abdominal radiograph revealed free air, consistent with a colonic perforation. (ahrq.gov)
  • Because the cecum has the greatest colonic radius, the cecum is the most common site of colonic ischemia or perforation in patients with functional ileocecal valves. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Colonic perforation remained an absolute contraindication to therapeutic colonoscopy which is analogous to diagnostic colonoscopy. (scirp.org)
  • An iatrogenic duodenal perforation during a diagnostic procedure led to an emergent exploratory laparotomy in which the dilated colonic segment was resected. (openarchives.gr)
  • A unique phenotype, secretory diarrhea and hypokalemia with colonic pseudoobstruction (SD-CPO), requires a distinct approach for management, as this condition is more difficult to treat and carries a higher mortality as compared to the classic constipation-predominant form. (medscape.com)
  • Clinical features of intestinal pseudo-obstruction can include abdominal pain, nausea, severe distension, vomiting, dysphagia, diarrhea and constipation, depending upon the part of the gastrointestinal tract involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • He visited the emergency department and was diagnosed with acute colonic obstruction caused by severe constipation. (hindawi.com)
  • Molecular and Cellular Characteristics of the Colonic Pseudo-obstruction in Patients With Intractable Constipation. (koreamed.org)
  • Identify when colonoscopy is indicated for treatment of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. (ahrq.gov)
  • Prokinetic in the treatment of acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It could be a result of electrolyte abnormalities, complication of surgery, obstruction in blood supply to the intestines, intra-abdominal infection, kidney or lung disease or the use of certain medications. (medindia.net)
  • Imaging to diagnose dilation of the colon involves one view abdominal xray or obstruction series (PA chest, erect abdomen, and supine abdomen images). (wikipedia.org)
  • This abdominal X-ray shows a stomach filled with fluid and a swollen (distended) small bowel, caused by a blockage (pseudo-obstruction) in the intestines. (mountsinai.org)
  • This abdominal X-ray shows thickening of the bowel wall and swelling (distention) caused by a blockage (pseudo-obstruction) in the intestines. (mountsinai.org)
  • This abdominal X-ray shows an intestinal condition in which a loop of bowel has slipped into another section of bowel (intussusception), causing swelling, reduced blood flow, obstruction, and tissue damage. (mountsinai.org)
  • Abdominal radiography showed a large amount of gas in the colon, and a computed tomography scan also showed colonic gas and a large stool mass blocking the rectum (Figure 1 ). (hindawi.com)
  • Call your health care provider if persistent abdominal distention develops and you are unable to pass stool or gas, or if other symptoms of intestinal obstruction develop. (aarp.org)
  • Given its length and structure, it is more prone to a number of causes that can result in a partial or complete obstruction. (healthhype.com)
  • A complete obstruction is present if there is no passage of intestinal contents beyond the point of obstruction, whereas a partial obstruction allows for the passage of some contents distal to the obstruction. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • This almost always occurs in the setting of complete obstruction and is more frequently seen with closed-loop obstructions. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • One exception to this is a Richter's hernia, in which strangulation may occur without complete obstruction. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • The proximal small bowel is normally relatively sterile, but with a high grade or complete obstruction, bacterial overgrowth with anaerobes such as Bacteroides may result in feculent vomiting. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a condition in which there are symptoms of blockage of the intestine (bowels) without any physical blockage. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The condition is called pseudo-obstruction because the symptoms will be similar to those that would be brought on by a blockage in the digestive system, despite the fact that there is no physical blockage. (medic8.com)
  • Intestinal obstruction is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel that results in the failure of the intestinal contents to pass through. (aarp.org)
  • Obstruction within the small or large intestine occurs for several possible reasons. (healthhype.com)
  • When obstruction occurs, both fluid and gas collect in the intestine. (mountsinai.org)
  • The clinical syndrome of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction most commonly occurs secondary to diseases such as progressive systemic sclerosis, amyloidosis, and small cell carcinoma of the lung. (bmj.com)
  • Pain is usually colicky and poorly localized due to visceral distention of the intestine that occurs as it contracts against an obstruction. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • The diagnosis is based on computed tomography (CT) that exclude s organic or functional colonic obstruction and ensures the detection of signs of severity. (scirp.org)
  • Rapid diagnosis leads to conservative measures and the resolution of obstruction. (scirp.org)
  • Previous studies from Korea have described chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) patients with transition zone (TZ) in the colon . (bvsalud.org)
  • In primary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (the majority of chronic cases), the condition may be caused by an injury to the smooth muscle (myopathic) or the nervous system (neuropathic) of the gastrointestinal tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secondary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction can occur as a consequence of a number of other conditions, including Kawasaki disease, Parkinson's disease, Chagas' disease, Hirschsprung's disease, intestinal hypoganglionosis, collagen vascular diseases, mitochondrial disease, endocrine disorders and use of certain medications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secondary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is managed by treating the underlying condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no cure for primary chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Linaclotide is a new drug that received approval from Food and Drug Administration in August 2012 and looks promising in the treatment of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, gastroparesis and inertia coli. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1 The term "chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction" was first coined by Maldonado et al in 1970, who described five patients with recurrent unexplained episodes of intestinal obstruction, diarrhoea, and weight loss, which sometimes progressed to death from starvation. (bmj.com)
  • Four cases with chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction due to hollow visceral myopathy. (scielo.org.za)
  • Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction ," World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Indications for HPN were chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) in 5 children (1 boy and 4 girls) and short bowel syndrome (SBS) in 7 children (5 boys and 2 girls) (see Table 2). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • G-PACT's mission is to increase awareness of gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo obstruction, and colonic inertia among medical professionals, affected individuals, and the general population. (geneticalliance.org)
  • G-PACT provides high quality educational booklets on Gastroparesis, Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction, and Colonic Inertia. (g-pact.org)
  • In severe cases of intestinal pseudo-obstruction, surgery to remove part or your entire intestine may be necessary. (epnet.com)
  • Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction is a clinical syndrome caused by severe impairment in the ability of the intestines to push food through. (wikipedia.org)
  • Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is a form of long-term nutritional treatment needed for patients that have severe pseudoobstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction may be a result of unknown causes (idiopathic), familial or congenital disorders of the smooth muscle and/or neurological disorders. (healthhype.com)
  • 12 cm) colonic dilation, or evidence of peritonitis. (medscape.com)
  • Through the endoscope balloon dilation of benign gastric outlet obstruction. (ebscohost.com)
  • But certain measures can be taken after surgery to help avoid the complication of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. (epnet.com)
  • In rare cases there may be family history connected to intestinal pseudo-obstruction, although, in the vast majority of cases there is no history of the condition in the family. (medic8.com)
  • Complications with these rectal tubes include tube obstruction and colonic/rectal ulceration. (medscape.com)
  • [ 19 ] In patients with secretory diarrhea and hypokalemia with colonic pseudoobstruction (SD-CPO) a trial of concomitant colonic decompression and aldactone is warranted. (medscape.com)
  • Moreover, the 30-day all-cause mortality for the colonic decompression group was lower versus the standard medical therapy group (8.4% vs 14.8%, respectively). (medscape.com)
  • Colonic Decompression Reduces Proximal Acute Colonic Pseudo-obstruction and Related Symptoms. (helsinki.fi)
  • Median ganglion cell density in the TZ adjusted for the colonic circumference was significantly decreased compared to that in proximal dilated and distal non-dilated segments in TZ (+) patients (9.2 vs 254.3 and 150.5, P (bvsalud.org)
  • As the stomach and small intestine proximal to the obstruction dilate, patients experience nausea and vomiting and cease oral intake. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • It is characterized by the signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction without any lesion in the intestinal lumen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both benign and malignant tumors of the small intestine may cause intestinal obstruction. (healthhype.com)
  • ASGE guideline on the role of endoscopy in the management of benign and malignant gastroduodenal obstruction. (mayo.edu)
  • Endoscopic stenting versus surgical colostomy for the management of malignant colonic obstruction: comparison of hospital costs and clinical outcomes. (ebscohost.com)
  • Background: Although stent placement is increasingly performed, colostomy still is considered the gold standard for emergent relief of malignant colonic obstruction (MCO). (ebscohost.com)
  • In intestinal pseudo-obstruction, foods and liquids are unable to pass through the intestine, causing a build-up of food, fluid, and gas in all or part of the colon. (epnet.com)
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is caused by problems with the muscles and nerves of the intestine. (epnet.com)
  • In intestinal pseudo-obstruction, the intestine is unable to contract and push food, stool, and air through the digestive tract. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In this case, the acute pseudo-obstruction of the large intestine was recognised late. (who.int)
  • If the obstruction blocks the blood supply to the intestine, it may cause infection and tissue death (gangrene). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Doctors will then analyse these X-ray images to check for evidence of widening of the intestine, which indicates an obstruction. (medic8.com)
  • Methods -Cross sectional study of all patients with clinical and radiological features of intestinal obstruction in the absence of organic obstruction, associated with dilated small intestine (with or without dilated large intestine), being actively managed in one tertiary referral centre at one time. (bmj.com)
  • clinical manifestations falsely suggesting obstruction of the small intestine, usually occurring in patients with multiple jejunal diverticula. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Surgery on the pelvis or abdomen can also increase the risk of an individual developing intestinal pseudo-obstruction. (medic8.com)
  • Most cases of acute pseudo-obstruction get better in a few days with treatment. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Chilaiditi syndrome refers to a medical condition that is indicated by the presence of Chilaiditi sign, the radiological observation of a colonic interposition between the liver and the diaphragm, and is associated with other clinical symptoms. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Evaluating ureteral patency and excludes lower urinary tract obstruction/abnormalities and diabetes mellitus and in clinical practice it is enough protein intake need higher water content. (dsaj.org)
  • The child described in this report had attacks of intestinal pseudo-obstruction as the main clinical manifestation of his disease. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Pediatric intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare disease with dramatic clinical variations. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A. V. Longacre and H. Aslanian, "Acute Colonic pseudo- obstruction after colonoscopy in a patient with on narcotics," Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology , vol. 40, p. 255, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • Colonic obstruction secondary to adhesions -- 3. (umsystem.edu)
  • In a simple obstruction there is a single point of obstruction, whereas a closed-loop obstruction is caused by two distinct points of obstruction. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • An innovative technique using a percutaneously placed guidewire allows for higher success rate for ERCP compared to balloon enteroscopy assistance in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass anatomy. (mayo.edu)
  • [ 3 ] It is well known that the colonic distensibility changes in the presence of luminal contents. (medscape.com)
  • The laparoscopic approach results in a lower incidence of adhesive obstruction in many procedures but not in appendectomy and not clearly in colorectal surgery. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • In contrast there is a group of patients with a similar pseudo-obstructive syndrome in whom there is no recognised underlying non-gastrointestinal disease. (bmj.com)
  • Patients may have nausea and vomiting, though this is less common with LBOs as compared to small bowel obstructions. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Bozin M, Khomko N, Shedda S. Recurrence of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction post-caesarean section: a case report. (jcog.com.tr)
  • Many cases of intestinal pseudo-obstruction cannot be prevented. (epnet.com)
  • Compromised blood flow to the bowel causing ischemic necrosis is referred to as strangulated obstruction. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • 1. Functional obstruction of the colon. (lexic.us)
  • Twenty-two horses with colic, referred to the University of Liverpool Equine Hospital (1992-1998), were found at laparotomy to have a partial obstruction of the large colon caused by a segmental mural lesion located in the left dorsal colon. (surrey.ac.uk)