Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Crohn Disease: A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Enema: A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.Colitis, Ulcerative: Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Colonic Diseases, Functional: Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.Colonic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON.Colonic Polyps: Discrete tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the COLON. These POLYPS are connected to the wall of the colon either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.Crohn Disease: A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Enema: A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.Colitis, Ulcerative: Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.GermanyColonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.1,4-alpha-Glucan Branching Enzyme: In glycogen or amylopectin synthesis, the enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a segment of a 1,4-alpha-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain. EC 2.4.1.18.Colonic Diseases, Functional: Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.Digestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Fatty Acids, Unsaturated: FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Fatty Acids, Omega-3: A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Mucins: High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.Intestinal Volvulus: A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.Sigmoid Diseases: Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Colectomy: Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Colon, Sigmoid: A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.Mucus: The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.Papain: A proteolytic enzyme obtained from Carica papaya. It is also the name used for a purified mixture of papain and CHYMOPAPAIN that is used as a topical enzymatic debriding agent. EC 3.4.22.2.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Diclofenac: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Jehovah's Witnesses: Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.Malpractice: Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Forensic Dentistry: The application of dental knowledge to questions of law.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Insurance, Liability: Insurance against loss resulting from liability for injury or damage to the persons or property of others.Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Melatonin: A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.Receptors, Melatonin: A family of G-protein-coupled receptors that are specific for and mediate the effects of MELATONIN. Activation of melatonin receptors has been associated with decreased intracellular CYCLIC AMP and increased hydrolysis of PHOSPHOINOSITIDES.Receptor, Melatonin, MT1: A melatonin receptor subtype that is primarily found in the HYPOTHALAMUS and in the KIDNEY.Receptor, Melatonin, MT2: A melatonin receptor subtype primarily found expressed in the BRAIN and RETINA.Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: A type of ILEUS, a functional not mechanical obstruction of the INTESTINES. This syndrome is caused by a large number of disorders involving the smooth muscles (MUSCLE, SMOOTH) or the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Diverticulosis, Colonic: A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of COLONIC DIVERTICULA in the COLON. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial, including colon aging, motor dysfunction, increases in intraluminal pressure, and lack of dietary fibers.Diverticulum, Colon: A pouch or sac opening from the COLON.Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction: Functional obstruction of the COLON leading to MEGACOLON in the absence of obvious COLONIC DISEASES or mechanical obstruction. When this condition is acquired, acute, and coexisting with another medical condition (trauma, surgery, serious injuries or illness, or medication), it is called Ogilvie's syndrome.Gastroparesis: Chronic delayed gastric emptying. Gastroparesis may be caused by motor dysfunction or paralysis of STOMACH muscles or may be associated with other systemic diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS.Diverticulitis, Colonic: Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.Gastrointestinal Motility: The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Enteric Nervous System: Two ganglionated neural plexuses in the gut wall which form one of the three major divisions of the autonomic nervous system. The enteric nervous system innervates the gastrointestinal tract, the pancreas, and the gallbladder. It contains sensory neurons, interneurons, and motor neurons. Thus the circuitry can autonomously sense the tension and the chemical environment in the gut and regulate blood vessel tone, motility, secretions, and fluid transport. The system is itself governed by the central nervous system and receives both parasympathetic and sympathetic innervation. (From Kandel, Schwartz, and Jessel, Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p766)Pathology, Clinical: A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)Constipation: Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.Colitis: Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Antidiarrheals: Miscellaneous agents found useful in the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea. They have no effect on the agent(s) that cause diarrhea, but merely alleviate the condition.Epitopes: Sites on an antigen that interact with specific antibodies.Intestinal Diseases: Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Colonic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON.Library Materials: Print and non-print materials collected, processed, and stored by libraries. They comprise books, periodicals, pamphlets, reports, microforms, maps, manuscripts, motion pictures, and all other forms of audiovisual records. (Harrod, The Librarians' Glossary, 4th ed, p497)WyomingGum Arabic: Powdered exudate from various Acacia species, especially A. senegal (Leguminosae). It forms mucilage or syrup in water. Gum arabic is used as a suspending agent, excipient, and emulsifier in foods and pharmaceuticals.Laparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.Interlibrary LoansAngiodysplasia: Acquired degenerative dilation or expansion (ectasia) of normal BLOOD VESSELS, often associated with aging. They are isolated, tortuous, thin-walled vessels and sources of bleeding. They occur most often in mucosal capillaries of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT leading to GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE and ANEMIA.Anus DiseasesTextbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Rectal Diseases: Pathological developments in the RECTUM region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).BooksAnal Canal: The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Diverticulum: A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Diverticulitis: Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Inflammation: A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.Dextran Sulfate: Long-chain polymer of glucose containing 17-20% sulfur. It has been used as an anticoagulant and also has been shown to inhibit the binding of HIV-1 to CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES. It is commonly used as both an experimental and clinical laboratory reagent and has been investigated for use as an antiviral agent, in the treatment of hypolipidemia, and for the prevention of free radical damage, among other applications.Antigens: Substances that are recognized by the immune system and induce an immune reaction.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Antigens, Neoplasm: Proteins, glycoprotein, or lipoprotein moieties on surfaces of tumor cells that are usually identified by monoclonal antibodies. Many of these are of either embryonic or viral origin.Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid: A reagent that is used to neutralize peptide terminal amino groups.Sulfasalazine: A drug that is used in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases. Its activity is generally considered to lie in its metabolic breakdown product, 5-aminosalicylic acid (see MESALAMINE) released in the colon. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p907)Mastocytosis: A heterogenous group of disorders characterized by the abnormal increase of MAST CELLS in only the skin (MASTOCYTOSIS, CUTANEOUS), in extracutaneous tissues involving multiple organs (MASTOCYTOSIS, SYSTEMIC), or in solid tumors (MASTOCYTOMA).Mastocytosis, Systemic: A group of disorders caused by the abnormal proliferation of MAST CELLS in a variety of extracutaneous tissues including bone marrow, liver, spleen, lymph nodes, and gastrointestinal tract. Systemic mastocytosis is commonly seen in adults. These diseases are categorized on the basis of clinical features, pathologic findings, and prognosis.Gastric Mucosa: Lining of the STOMACH, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. The surface cells produce MUCUS that protects the stomach from attack by digestive acid and enzymes. When the epithelium invaginates into the LAMINA PROPRIA at various region of the stomach (CARDIA; GASTRIC FUNDUS; and PYLORUS), different tubular gastric glands are formed. These glands consist of cells that secrete mucus, enzymes, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, or hormones.Goblet Cells: A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal: TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.Tuberculoma: A tumor-like mass resulting from the enlargement of a tuberculous lesion.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Tuberculosis, Pulmonary: MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.Eosinophilic Esophagitis: Chronic ESOPHAGITIS characterized by esophageal mucosal EOSINOPHILIA. It is diagnosed when an increase in EOSINOPHILS are present over the entire esophagus. The reflux symptoms fail to respond to PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS treatment, unlike in GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE. The symptoms are associated with IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to food or inhalant allergens.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant: Tuberculosis resistant to chemotherapy with two or more ANTITUBERCULAR AGENTS, including at least ISONIAZID and RIFAMPICIN. The problem of resistance is particularly troublesome in tuberculous OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS associated with HIV INFECTIONS. It requires the use of second line drugs which are more toxic than the first line regimens. TB with isolates that have developed further resistance to at least three of the six classes of second line drugs is defined as EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS.Peptic Ulcer Perforation: Penetration of a PEPTIC ULCER through the wall of DUODENUM or STOMACH allowing the leakage of luminal contents into the PERITONEAL CAVITY.Adrenal Cortex HormonesCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Computer Graphics: The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.Web Browser: Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.Programming Languages: Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Striatonigral Degeneration: A sporadic neurodegenerative disease with onset in middle-age characterized clinically by Parkinsonian features (e.g., MUSCLE RIGIDITY; HYPOKINESIA; stooped posture) and HYPOTENSION. This condition is considered a clinical variant of MULTIPLE SYSTEM ATROPHY. Pathologic features include a prominent loss of neurons in the zona compacta of the SUBSTANTIA NIGRA and PUTAMEN. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1075-6)Parkinson Disease: A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)Oxidopamine: A neurotransmitter analogue that depletes noradrenergic stores in nerve endings and induces a reduction of dopamine levels in the brain. Its mechanism of action is related to the production of cytolytic free-radicals.Corpus Striatum: Striped GRAY MATTER and WHITE MATTER consisting of the NEOSTRIATUM and paleostriatum (GLOBUS PALLIDUS). It is located in front of and lateral to the THALAMUS in each cerebral hemisphere. The gray substance is made up of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the lentiform nucleus (the latter consisting of the GLOBUS PALLIDUS and PUTAMEN). The WHITE MATTER is the INTERNAL CAPSULE.Substantia Nigra: The black substance in the ventral midbrain or the nucleus of cells containing the black substance. These cells produce DOPAMINE, an important neurotransmitter in regulation of the sensorimotor system and mood. The dark colored MELANIN is a by-product of dopamine synthesis.Denervation: The resection or removal of the nerve to an organ or part. (Dorland, 28th ed)Dopamine: One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.Acrocephalosyndactylia: Congenital craniostenosis with syndactyly.Muscle Denervation: The resection or removal of the innervation of a muscle or muscle tissue.Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Leucovorin: The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as an antidote to FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS.Organoplatinum Compounds: Organic compounds which contain platinum as an integral part of the molecule.Camptothecin: An alkaloid isolated from the stem wood of the Chinese tree, Camptotheca acuminata. This compound selectively inhibits the nuclear enzyme DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE I. Several semisynthetic analogs of camptothecin have demonstrated antitumor activity.Fluorouracil: A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Neoplasm Metastasis: The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized: Antibodies from non-human species whose protein sequences have been modified to make them nearly identical with human antibodies. If the constant region and part of the variable region are replaced, they are called humanized. If only the constant region is modified they are called chimeric. INN names for humanized antibodies end in -zumab.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.AustriaChemoembolization, Therapeutic: Administration of antineoplastic agents together with an embolizing vehicle. This allows slow release of the agent as well as obstruction of the blood supply to the neoplasm.Iodized Oil: A preparation of oil that contains covalently bound IODINE. It is commonly used as a RADIOCONTRAST AGENT and as a suspension medium for CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENTS.Liver Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A technique that involves the use of electrical coils on the head to generate a brief magnetic field which reaches the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is coupled with ELECTROMYOGRAPHY response detection to assess cortical excitability by the threshold required to induce MOTOR EVOKED POTENTIALS. This method is also used for BRAIN MAPPING, to study NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, and as a substitute for ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY for treating DEPRESSION. Induction of SEIZURES limits its clinical usage.Proctocolitis: Inflammation of the RECTUM and the distal portion of the COLON.Phosphenes: A subjective visual sensation with the eyes closed and in the absence of light. Phosphenes can be spontaneous, or induced by chemical, electrical, or mechanical (pressure) stimuli which cause the visual field to light up without optical inputs.Gastrointestinal Transit: Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Evoked Potentials, Motor: The electrical response evoked in a muscle or motor nerve by electrical or magnetic stimulation. Common methods of stimulation are by transcranial electrical and TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION. It is often used for monitoring during neurosurgery.Motor Cortex: Area of the FRONTAL LOBE concerned with primary motor control located in the dorsal PRECENTRAL GYRUS immediately anterior to the central sulcus. It is comprised of three areas: the primary motor cortex located on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain; the premotor cortex located anterior to the primary motor cortex; and the supplementary motor area located on the midline surface of the hemisphere anterior to the primary motor cortex.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Proctocolectomy, Restorative: A surgical procedure involving the excision of the COLON and RECTUM and the formation of an ILEOANAL RESERVOIR (pouch). In patients with intestinal diseases, such as ulcerative colitis, this procedure avoids the need for an OSTOMY by allowing for transanal defecation.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Sepsis: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.Colonic Pouches: Sacs or reservoirs created to function in place of the COLON and/or RECTUM in patients who have undergone restorative proctocolectomy (PROCTOCOLECTOMY, RESTORATIVE).Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Ileostomy: Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.Pelvic Infection: Infection involving the tissues or organs in the PELVIS.Hepatic Artery: A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.Trophoblastic Neoplasms: Trophoblastic growth, which may be gestational or nongestational in origin. Trophoblastic neoplasia resulting from pregnancy is often described as gestational trophoblastic disease to distinguish it from germ cell tumors which frequently show trophoblastic elements, and from the trophoblastic differentiation which sometimes occurs in a wide variety of epithelial cancers. Gestational trophoblastic growth has several forms, including HYDATIDIFORM MOLE and CHORIOCARCINOMA. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1691)Infusions, Intra-Arterial: Regional infusion of drugs via an arterial catheter. Often a pump is used to impel the drug through the catheter. Used in therapy of cancer, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, infection, and peripheral vascular disease.Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic: Passages within the liver for the conveyance of bile. Includes right and left hepatic ducts even though these may join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct.Cholestasis, Intrahepatic: Impairment of bile flow due to injury to the HEPATOCYTES; BILE CANALICULI; or the intrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC).Escherichia coli Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI.Escherichia coli Proteins: Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Acidosis, Respiratory: Respiratory retention of carbon dioxide. It may be chronic or acute.Acidosis: A pathologic condition of acid accumulation or depletion of base in the body. The two main types are RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS and metabolic acidosis, due to metabolic acid build up.Alkalosis: A pathological condition that removes acid or adds base to the body fluids.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Acid-Base Equilibrium: The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.Alkalosis, Respiratory: A state due to excess loss of carbon dioxide from the body. (Dorland, 27th ed)Acidosis, Renal Tubular: A group of genetic disorders of the KIDNEY TUBULES characterized by the accumulation of metabolically produced acids with elevated plasma chloride, hyperchloremic metabolic ACIDOSIS. Defective renal acidification of URINE (proximal tubules) or low renal acid excretion (distal tubules) can lead to complications such as HYPOKALEMIA, hypercalcinuria with NEPHROLITHIASIS and NEPHROCALCINOSIS, and RICKETS.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Gene Library: A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.AfricaHeart Auscultation: Act of listening for sounds within the heart.Libraries, MedicalLibraries: Collections of systematically acquired and organized information resources, and usually providing assistance to users. (ERIC Thesaurus, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ accessed 2/1/2008)Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.

Reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileoanal pouches. (1/670)

OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review was performed to determine the results after surgical reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileal pouch-anal procedures for ulcerative colitis and familial colonic polyposis at a university medical center. METHODS: During the 20-year period from 1978 to 1998, 601 patients underwent colectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis, familial colonic polyposis, or Hirschsprung's disease. A J pouch was used for 351 patients, a lateral pouch for 221, an S pouch for 6, and a straight pull-through for 23. Acute complications after pouch construction have been detailed in previous publications and are not included in this study. Chronic pouch stasis with diarrhea, frequency, urgency, and soiling gradually became more severe in 164 patients (27.3%), associated with pouch enlargement, an elongated efferent limb, and obstruction to pouch outflow, largely related to the pouch configuration used during the authors' early clinical experience. These patients were sufficiently symptomatic to be considered for reconstruction (mean 68 months after IPAA). Transanal resection of an elongated IPAA spout was performed on 58 patients; abdominoperineal mobilization of the pouch with resection and tapering of the lower end (AP reconstruction) and ileoanal anastomosis on 83; pouch removal and new pouch construction on 7; and conversion of a straight pull-through to a pouch on 16. RESULTS: Good long-term results (mean 7.7 years) with improvement in symptoms occurred in 98% of transanal resections, 91.5% of AP reconstructions, 86% of new pouch constructions, and 100% of conversions of a straight pull-through to a pouch. The average number of bowel movements per 24 hours at 6 months was 4.8. Complications occurred in 11.6% of reconstructed patients. Five of the 164 patients (3.1%) required eventual pouch removal and permanent ileostomy. The high rate of pouch revision in this series of patients undergoing IPAA is due to a policy of aggressive correction when patients do not experience an optimal functional result, or have a progressive worsening of their status. CONCLUSIONS: Although occasionally a major undertaking, reconstruction of ileoanal pouches with progressive dysfunction due to large size or a long efferent limb has resulted in marked improvement in intestinal function in >93% of patients and has reduced the need for late pouch removal.  (+info)

The pathophysiology of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex disease in AIDS. (2/670)

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) organisms cause disseminated disease in patients with AIDS. The organisms penetrate the gastrointestinal mucosa by unknown mechanisms and are phagocytosed by macrophages in the lamina propria. These cells cannot kill the organisms, and MAC spreads through the submucosal tissue. Lymphatic drainage transports mycobacteria to abdominal lymph nodes, from which the organisms enter the bloodstream. Hematogenous spread can occur to many sites, but spleen, bone marrow, and liver are the most common. Tissue destruction is rare, and most signs and symptoms of MAC disease are due to elaboration of cytokines. MAC is rarely the direct cause of death but increases the risk for superinfection; death may result from malnutrition or other infections.  (+info)

Psoas abscesses complicating colonic disease: imaging and therapy. (3/670)

Most surgeons think of psoas abscesses as a very rare condition related to tuberculosis of the spine, but in contemporary surgical practice they are more usually a complication of gastrointestinal disease. A case note study was undertaken on all patients treated for psoas abscess at two large hospitals in the mid-Trent region over a 2-year period. All seven patients presented with pyrexia, psoas spasm, a tender mass and leucocytosis. The diagnosis was made on abdominal radiographs in one patient, CT scan in three, MRI in two, and ultrasound in one. Aetiological factors included Crohn's disease in three, appendicitis in two, and sigmoid diverticulitis and metastatic colorectal carcinoma in one each. Six patients underwent transabdominal resection of the diseased bowel, retroperitoneal debridement and external drainage of the abscess cavity. Percutaneous drainage was performed in one. Two patients had more than one surgical exploration for complications. There were no deaths and the hospital stay ranged from 8-152 days. Psoas abscess can be a difficult and protracted problem. Bowel resection, thorough debridement, external drainage and concomitant antibiotics are essential for psoas abscesses complicating gastrointestinal disease. Defunctioning stomas may be necessary. However, in some cases a multidisciplinary approach may be required, as psoas abscesses can involve bone and joints.  (+info)

The colonic mesenteric margin is most susceptible to injury in an experimental model of colonic ulceration. (4/670)

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease ileal ulcers and indomethacin-induced jejunal ulceration in the rat tend to occur in the mucosa nearest to the mesentery (mesenteric margin), an area of the bowel wall that has a critical blood supply. Mercuric chloride induces caecal and colonic ulceration in the Brown Norway rat. AIM: To examine whether the mesenteric margin is more sensitive to injury by a substance known to be vasculotoxic in the caecum and colon. METHODS: Brown Norway rats received a single subcutaneous dose of either mercuric chloride 1 mg/kg or saline. The gastrointestinal tract was examined macro- and microscopically for lesions 48 h later. The vascular anatomy of the normal rat colon and caecum was also examined using the carbon ink perfusion technique. RESULTS: Mercuric chloride induced caecal and colonic ulceration preferentially along the mesenteric margin of the bowel wall. Histologically, the lesions showed mucosal necrosis and neutrophil infiltration. There was also extensive vascular degeneration/necrosis with microaneurysm formation and extensive submucosal haemorrhage. Cellular infiltration of the vasculature was not a feature. The caecal and colonic mesenteric margins in control rats were supplied by small end arteries. CONCLUSIONS: The colonic and caecal mesenteric margins are susceptible to injury by mercuric chloride, a chemical known to induce haemorrhagic vasculopathy in the rat gastrointestinal tract. The large bowel mesenteric margin may be susceptible to injury by mercuric chloride because of the critical blood supply to that side of the bowel wall.  (+info)

Chemoprevention of colonic aberrant crypt foci by an inducible nitric oxide synthase-selective inhibitor. (5/670)

Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is overexpressed in colonic tumors of humans and also in rats treated with a colon carcinogen. iNOS appear to regulate cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and production of proinflammatory prostaglandins, which are known to play a key role in colon tumor development. Experiments were designed to study the inhibitory effects of S,S'-1,4-phenylene-bis(1,2-ethanediyl)bis-isothiourea (PBIT) a selective iNOS-specific inhibitor, measured against formation of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF). Beginning at 5 weeks of age, male F344 rats were fed experimental diets containing 0 or 50 p.p.m. of PBIT, or 2000 p.p.m. of curcumin (non-specific iNOS inhibitor). One week later, rats were injected s.c. with AOM (15 mg/kg body wt, once weekly for 2 weeks). At 17 weeks of age, all rats were killed, colons were evaluated for ACF formation and colonic mucosa was assayed for isoforms of COX and NOS activities. Both COX and iNOS activities in colonic mucosa of the AOM-treated rats were significantly induced. Importantly, 50 p.p.m. PBIT suppressed AOM-induced colonic ACF formation to 58% (P < 0.0001) and crypt multiplicity containing four or more crypts per focus to 78% (P < 0.0001); it also suppressed AOM-induced iNOS activity. Curcumin inhibited colonic ACF formation by 45% (P < 0.001). These observations suggest that iNOS may play a key regulatory role in colon carcinogenesis. Developing iNOS-specific inhibitors may provide a selective and safe chemopreventive strategy for colon cancer treatment.  (+info)

Dietary n-3 PUFA increases the apoptotic response to 1,2-dimethylhydrazine, reduces mitosis and suppresses the induction of carcinogenesis in the rat colon. (6/670)

The effect of dietary fish oil on colonic crypt cell apoptosis and proliferation was examined in male Wistar rats, 24 and 48 h after administration of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), and its influence on the induction of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in the distal colon was assessed. Rats (125-150 g) fed a high-fat semi-synthetic diet containing corn oil (CO) were given DMH (30 mg/kg body wt) or a sham injection of EDTA/NaCl. Animals were then fed either the CO diet or a diet in which fish oil (EPA 18.7%; DHA 8%) was substituted for corn oil. Subgroups of rats (n = 5) were killed after 24 and 48 h, and crypt cell apoptosis and proliferation were quantified by morphological criteria in isolated intact crypts from the mid and distal colon. Consumption of the fish oil diet (FO) was associated with increased apoptotic cell death (P < 0.001) and suppression of proliferation (P < 0.05) in colonic crypts both 24 and 48 h after DMH. In a second experiment, animals were given three injections of DMH or sham injections of carrier at weekly intervals. For 48 h after each injection animals were fed either the CO or FO diet, but otherwise maintained on the CO throughout. The number and crypt multiplicity of ACF in the distal colon were determined after 18 weeks, and animals given the FO diet for the 48 h period following carcinogen administration were found to have significantly fewer ACF than rats fed the CO diet (P < 0.05). The data demonstrate that the fatty acid composition of the diet is an important determinant in the induction of carcinogenesis by DMH. The proliferative and apoptotic response of the colonic crypt to carcinogen and fish oil, coupled with the reduced incidence of ACF, suggest n-3 PUFA can protect against the carcinogenic effects of DMH by mediating changes in the balance proliferation and cell death.  (+info)

Laparoscopic-assisted colectomy: a comparison of dissection techniques. (7/670)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mobilization of the colon and dissection of the mesentery are difficult laparoscopic techniques. Traditional methods have been used for this dissection, but often with great difficulty. The ultrasonically activated shears, when introduced in 1993, had the possibility to make this dissection less technically difficult. This is a retrospective review of the use of these shears for these techniques during laparoscopic-assisted colectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients underwent a laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy or sigmoid resection. Colon mobilization and mesenteric dissection were completed intracorporeally. Complications, operative time, estimated blood loss, and length of stay were compared for resections completed with and without the ultrasonically activated shears. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients had laparoscopic-assisted colectomy without the shears, and 49 patients had the procedure with the shears. There were no complications due to the ultrasonic energy. Use of the shears resulted in shorter operative times (170 min. vs. 187 min., p=0.1989), similar median blood loss (98 mL vs. 95 mL, p=0.7620), and shorter lengths of stay (4.3 days vs. 6.9 days, p=0.0018). CONCLUSIONS: The ultrasonically activated shears are safe and effective for colon mobilization and mesenteric division. The use of the shears may result in shorter operative times and shorter lengths of stay.  (+info)

Laparoscopic colon surgery for benign disease: a comparison to open surgery. (8/670)

BACKGROUNDS AND OBJECTIVES: There remains a debate in the literature about the advisability of laparoscopic surgery for malignant disease of the colon. Current prospective studies will hopefully answer this question. However, for benign diseases of the colon, we believe laparoscopic surgery offers many advantages including decreased postoperative pain, early discharge from the hospital, and early return to normal activities. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with laparoscopic colectomies for benign disease to see whether these procedures could be done safely and if the proposed advantages could be realized. METHODS: Thirty-eight laparoscopic colon resections performed for benign disease were compared to 39 open colon resections with respect to operating times, length of hospital stay, estimated blood loss, days until first postoperative bowel movement, and complications. RESULTS: The laparoscopic colon resection group had decreased length of stay, less blood loss, earlier return of bowel function, and an equivalent number of complications. Laparoscopic cases did take an average of 24 minutes longer. CONCLUSION: The use of laparoscopic colon surgery for benign disease not only affords the patient the advantage of the laparoscopic approach, but also allows the surgeon to gain experience while awaiting the results of ongoing trials for laparoscopic colon surgery in malignant disease.  (+info)

*Hirschsprung's disease

Timothy R. Koch (2003). Colonic diseases. Humana Press. pp. 387-. ISBN 978-0-89603-961-2. Retrieved 2010-11-12. Malone PS, ... "Hirschsprung's disease". Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - an NCATS Program. 2017. Retrieved 14 December ... they are likely to be involved in the pathology of Hirschsprung's disease, at least in some cases. Hirschsprung's disease can ... The Malone antegrade colonic enema (ACE) is also an option. In a Malone ACE, a tube goes through the abdominal wall to the ...

*Ulcerative colitis

in: Colonic diseases. By Timothy R. Koch. 2003. ISBN 978-0-89603-961-2 Podolsky DK (2002). "Inflammatory bowel disease". The ... Crohn's Disease Overview Roediger WE, Moore J, Babidge W (1997). "Colonic sulfide in pathogenesis and treatment of ulcerative ... If the serous membrane is involved, a colonic perforation may ensue. Unless treated, the fulminant disease will soon lead to ... The disease is classified by the extent of involvement, depending on how far the disease extends: Distal colitis, potentially ...

*Anorectal disorder

ISBN 978-1-901346-67-1. Givel, Jean-Claude (2009). Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to their Management. ... Ehrenpreis, Eli (2003). Anal and Rectal Diseases Explained. Remedica. ...

*Microbial drug delivery

... a certain level of control is required for effective and safe treatment of colonic diseases. The L. lactis system has a 72-hour ... During clinical trials, it has been used to treat forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The most prominently studied ... implemented microbial drug delivery with L. lactis in clinical trials, successfully treating Crohn's disease (CD), a form of ... "A Phase I Trial With Transgenic Bacteria Expressing Interleukin-10 in Crohn's Disease". Clinical Gastroenterology and ...

*Diverticular disease

"Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of colonic diverticular disease". Literature review. "Diverticular Disease". www.niddk. ... Colonic perforation due to diverticular disease may be classified using the Hinchey Classification. " ... Diverticular disease is when problems occur due to diverticulosis, a condition defined by the presence of pouches in the wall ... "Review of current classifications for diverticular disease and a translation into clinical practice". International Journal of ...

*Gastrointestinal disease

Functional colonic diseases refer to disorders without a known cause, and include irritable bowel syndrome and intestinal ... Other causes of chronic liver disease are genetic or autoimmune disease, such as hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, autoimmune ... Liver disease may also be a result of lifestyle factors, such as fatty liver and NASH. Alcoholic liver disease may also develop ... Infectious liver disease may cause a fever. Chronic liver disease may result in a buildup of fluid in the abdomen, yellowing of ...

*Diverticulosis

Humes D, Smith JK, Spiller RC (14 March 2011). "Colonic diverticular disease: medical treatments for acute diverticulitis". BMJ ... "Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of colonic diverticular disease". Literature review. Stefánsson T, Ekbom A, Sparèn P, ... Diverticular disease was found associated with a higher risk of left sided colon cancer. Diverticular disease can present with ... Pemberton, John H (16 June 2016). "Colonic diverticulosis and diverticular disease: Epidemiology, risk factors, and ...

*Gut flora

... of normally indigestible plant polysaccharides and also may result in a reduced incidence of non-infectious colonic diseases. ... The two main types of inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, are chronic inflammatory disorders ... whether changes to gut flora are a result of disease, a cause of disease, or both in any number of possible feedback loops in ... Khanna S, Tosh PK (January 2014). "A clinician's primer on the role of the microbiome in human health and disease". Mayo Clin. ...

*Functional gastrointestinal disorder

Terms such as functional colonic disease (or functional bowel disorder) refer in medicine to a group of bowel disorders which ... food allergy and inflammatory bowel disease. Medicine portal. ...

*Pyogenic liver abscess

... cholangiocarcinoma Colonic disease E.g.: diverticulitis, appendicitis, Crohn's disease Cryptogenic disease Pancreatitis ... of abdomen Anorexia Enlarged and tender liver Pleural effusion Fever Abdominal discomfort Enlarged liver Biliary disease (most ... Aminoglycosides Metronidazole Cephalosporins Percutaneous drainage under USG or CT control Laparotomy in intraabdominal disease ...

*Malabsorption

Colonoscopy is necessary in colonic and ileal disease. ERCP will show pancreatic and biliary structural abnormalities. 75SeHCAT ... total, as in exceptional cases of coeliac disease. Depending on the nature of the disease process causing malabsorption and its ... OGD to detect duodenal pathology and obtain D2 biopsy (for coeliac disease, tropical sprue, Whipple's disease, ... For example, pain is common in patients with chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer and Crohn disease, but it is absent in ...

*List of MeSH codes (C06)

... colonic diseases, functional MeSH C06.405.469.158.272.217 --- colonic pseudo-obstruction MeSH C06.405.469.158.272.608 --- ... colonic diseases MeSH C06.405.469.158.188 --- colitis MeSH C06.405.469.158.188.115 --- colitis, ischemic MeSH C06.405.469.158. ... colonic MeSH C06.405.469.158.701 --- megacolon MeSH C06.405.469.158.701.439 --- hirschsprung disease MeSH C06.405.469.158. ... rectal diseases MeSH C06.405.469.860.101 --- anus diseases MeSH C06.405.469.860.101.163 --- anus neoplasms MeSH C06.405.469.860 ...

*Volvulus

Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may cause colonic obstruction. The obstruction may be acute or chronic after years of ... Although diverticulitis may be the source of a colonic obstruction, it more commonly causes an ileus, which appears to be a ... In approximately 80 percent of colonic obstructions, an invasive carcinoma is found to be the cause of the obstruction. This is ... Gingold, D; Murrell, Z (December 2012). "Management of colonic volvulus". Clinics in colon and rectal surgery. 25 (4): 236-44. ...

*Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody

... rather than purely colonic disease (P < 0.001) and with a more severe disease phenotype and requirement for surgery over a ... Intestinal yeast infections are seen in malabsorptive diseases like coeliac disease. In Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis ... Diseases in which ASCA are found include the following: Behçet's disease - The association with ASCA is not generally strong, ... Celiac disease ColitisUlcerative colitis-familial. Microscopic colitis Collagenous colitis Crohn's disease Intestinal yeast and ...

*Ileostomy

... and total colonic Hirschsprung's disease. An ileostomy may also be necessary in the treatment of colorectal cancer or ovarian ... Diseases of the large intestine which may require surgical removal include Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, familial ... 2003), "Surgery for inflammatory bowel diseases", Dig Dis. 21(2):168-79. "Colorectal Diseases and Treatments". ASCRS. Retrieved ... When Crohn's disease only affects the colon, it may, in select cases, be appropriate to perform a BCIR as an alternative to a ...

*Bowel obstruction

Diverticulosis Hernias Inflammatory bowel disease Colonic volvulus (sigmoid, caecal, transverse colon) Adhesions Constipation ... GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national ... Functional outlet obstruction Inefficient inhibition of the internal anal sphincter Short-segment Hirschsprung's disease Chagas ... Pseudoobstruction Hernias containing bowel Crohn's disease causing adhesions or inflammatory strictures Neoplasms, benign or ...

*Hinchey Classification

in 1978 classifies a colonic perforation due to diverticular disease. The classification is I-IV: Hinchey I - localised abscess ... Laparoscopic peritoneal lavage for perforated colonic diverticulitis: a systematic review. Colorectal Disease 12(9):862-7, 2010 ... Hinchey, E.J., Schaal, P.G. and Richard, G.K. Treatment of perforated diverticular disease of the colon. Advances in Surgery 12 ... para-colonic) Hinchey II - pelvic abscess Hinchey III - purulent peritonitis (the presence of pus in the abdominal cavity) ...

*HLA-DR1

... and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis DRB1*0103 is associated with colonic Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. DRB1*0101 ... In lyme disease arthritis, *0101 appears to play a role in presentation of triggering microbial antigens. DRB1*0102 is ... Swiss Federal Commission for the Rheumatic Diseases, Subcommission for Research". Rheumatol Int. 6 (2): 89-92. 1986. doi: ... and disease severity in patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis". Hum Immunol. 65 (8): 773-782. doi:10.1016/j.humimm ...

*Diverticulitis

Pemberton, John H (16 June 2016). "Colonic diverticulosis and diverticular disease: Epidemiology, risk factors, and ... It is the most frequent anatomic disease of the colon. Costs associated with diverticular disease are around $2.4 billion a ... Diverticula are actually micro-hernias of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through the colonic muscular layer where blood ... "A systematic review of high-fibre dietary therapy in diverticular disease". International Journal of Colorectal Disease. 27 (4 ...

*Management of Crohn's disease

The antibiotics Metronidazole and ciprofloxacin may be used to treat Crohn's disease with colonic or perianal involvement, ... What should patients with Crohn's disease avoid?, from Inflammatory Bowel Disease Program at the Digestive Disease Center at ... If a Crohn's disease patient who undergoes surgery does not quit smoking, the disease is likely to recur more aggressively. In ... Management of Crohn's disease involves first treating the acute symptoms of the disease, then maintaining remission. Since ...

*Alkaline phosphatase

"Intestinal alkaline phosphatase in the colonic mucosa of children with inflammatory bowel disease". World Journal of ... such as the case in Paget's disease of bone). Levels are also elevated in people with untreated coeliac disease. Lowered levels ... Concomitant increases of ALP with GGT should raise the suspicion of hepatobiliary disease. Some diseases do not affect the ... Thus, altered IAP expression has been implicated in chronic inflammatory diseases such as IBD. It also seems to regulate lipid ...

*Radiation enteropathy

... a greater number than those with inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. New agents have been ... is important as many cancer survivors of radiation therapy develop other causes for their symptoms such as colonic polyps, ... Min M, Chua B, Guttner Y, Abraham N, Aherne NJ, Hoffmann M, McKay MJ, Shakespeare TP (2014). "Is "pelvic radiation disease" ... "A systematic review and meta-analysis of probiotics for the management of radiation induced bowel disease". Clinical Nutrition ...

*Myenteric plexus

"Colonic Biopsies to Assess the Neuropathology of Parkinson's Disease and Its Relationship with Symptoms". PLoS ONE. 5 (9): ... researchers have been using colonic biopsies of Parkinson's patients to help better understand and manage Parkinson's disease. ... Hirschsprung's disease is a congenital disorder of the colon in which nerve cells of the myenteric plexus in its walls, also ... Hirschsprung's disease is a form of functional low bowel obstruction due to failure of caudal migration of neuroblasts within ...

*Tumor necrosis factor alpha

... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut. 51 (1): 37-43. doi:10.1136/gut.51.1.37. PMC ... Dysregulation of TNF production has been implicated in a variety of human diseases including Alzheimer's disease, cancer, major ... Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... These concepts were extended to systemic disease in 1981, when Ian A. Clark, from the Australian National University, in ...

*Supertaster

Bitterness and Colonic Neoplasms". Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 50 (3): 483-9. doi:10.1007/s10620-005-2462-7. PMID 15810630 ...

*Badri Nath Tandon

... pancreas and liver and the role of pathogens and food toxins in various diseases. His work on veno-occlusive disease of the ... "Diagnosis of ileocecal and colonic tuberculosis by colonoscopy". Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 31 (2): 68-70. doi:10.1016/S0016- ... and is the incumbent chair of the Digestive Diseases Foundation of India and the Digestive Diseases Research Foundation. He has ... He served as the chairman of the Task Force of Liver Diseases initiated by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) ...
Finden Sie alle Bücher von McKean, John R. - Colonic Diseases. Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum Bestpreis bestellen. 0896039617
Colonic strictures can be long (|10 cm) or short. Short scirrhous colorectal carcinoma (apple core sign) post surgical (anastamotic stricture) Long malignancy scirrhous colorectal carcinoma gastrointestinal lymphoma inflammatory bowel dis...
Objectives. To characterise mucins in cancer of the colon and compare these with controls using stringent biochemical measures to avoid endogenous proteolysis. Design. Crude mucus scrapings were collected from 12 specimens obtained by colectomy. Specimens from 3 traumatic colectomies and 1 sigmoid volvulus were used as controls, and compared with 6 specimens from colons resected for adenocarcinoma and 2 irradiated colons. Subjects. The median age of the 4 female patients was 76 years (range 49 - 82 years), and of the 8 male patients 46.5 years (range 16 - 74 years). Results and conclusions. The crude mucus scrapings in the 9 specimens ranged in weight from 353 mg to 7 697 mg (median 4 928 mg). The median of purified mucin in the 9 specimens was 0.72 mg/mg wet weight of scraped material. Eight samples gave non-extractable pellet material, and were treated with DTT to reduce disulphide bonds for further analysis. One of these 8 pellets was resistant to reduction and had to be digested with papain
Dr. Zadeh responded: Depends. The answer to this question really depends on the specific type of |a href="/topics/colonic" track_data="{
Principal Investigator:NAKASAKI Hisao, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1996, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Digestive surgery
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
The optimal timing of surgery after colonic stenting has not been established. In the European guidelines, the suggested time interval between colonic stenting and surgery is 5-10 days when colonic stenting is used as a bridge to elective surgery in patients with potentially curable left-sided colon cancer [5]. The time interval in the guideline was determined based on a few studies with different qualities. For this reason, the recommendation on the time interval is weak and the level of evidence is low. In a meta-analysis comparing colonic stenting as bridge to surgery and emergency surgery for left-sided colorectal cancer obstruction, surgery was generally performed after a median 10 days after colonic stenting [6]. This study, however, did not aim to determine the optimal time interval between colonic stenting and surgery. Moreover, the median 10 days resulted from statistical analysis of the data from the included studies. A retrospective study concluded that a duration of 7-9 days after ...
Post written by Alberto Arezzo, MD, from the Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Torino, Turin, Italy. Twenty years after the first description of the technique, the debate is still open on the role of self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement as a bridge to elective surgery for symptomatic left-sided malignant colonic obstruction. The focus of…
Ελληνική Γαστροεντερολογική Εταιρία. Annals of Gastroenterology.Τμήμα περιοδικού.Επιστημονικό άρθρο.Άρθρο.2007 . Creators: Pilichos, C., Bourgeon, A., Fotiadis, C., Baque, P, Benchimol, D., Givry, A., Rahili, A., Bernard, JL.Background and Aim: Colonic stenting is a novel and privileged therapeutic option for malignant obstructions of the large bowel, especially as a bridging procedure to elective surgery. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the efficacy of the traditional surgical approach with stent placement in the management of obstructing colorectal tumours. Patients and Methods: Thirty-three patients with malignant colonic obstruction were retrospectively studied. Of them, 17 underwent a diversion colostomy (group I), while 16 were treated with SEMS (group II). Early outcome, late outcome and duration of hospitalisation were evaluated. For statistical analysis chi-square and Student.s t-test were used
Laparoscopic colon surgery is a technique performed for colon cancer treatment. Laparoscopic colon resection surgery allows a high success rate (over 95%) for even the most complicated patients.
Dr. Avinash Tank is an experienced laparoscopic colon surgeon in Ahmedabad, India provides laparoscopic colon surgery for disease like Ulcerative colitis and colon rectum tumor.
Functional Colonic Diseases: Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
Experts available for colonic disease consulting, expert witness, or analyst services for business, legal, and technical professionals.
BOSTON-A new electrosurgical tool that seals blood vessels without staples or vascular clips is safe and effective for laparoscopic colon surgery, according to a study reported at the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS) annual meeting. 1
were compared by means of χ2 or Fishers exact test. The In addition, interim analysis recorded no difference in the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, with primary outcome of the study, which was global health sta-tus. Details of the study design and short-term outcomes comparison between stent and emergency surgery groups have been published previously6. Patients randomized to using the log rank test. In addition, a subanalysis was per- emergency surgery underwent resection of the primary formed of all patients who had a stent-related perfora- tumour, with either primary anastomosis, temporary stoma tion within the stent group. Inclusion in this subgroup was or definitive stoma, at the discretion of the surgeon. Those based on the presence of tumour perforation on patholog- randomized to stent placement received either an enteral ical examination; this included both clinical and subclini- Wallstent™ (diameter 22 mm; Boston Scientific, Marlbor- cal perforations. Estimated ...
Question - Diagnosed with cancer. Underwent colon surgery. Started vomiting. Normal?. Ask a Doctor about Colon surgery, Ask an Oncologist
Laparoscopic colon resection allows surgeons to perform many common colon procedures. Patients may return to normal activities quicker than open surgery.
Introduction:. First reported in 1991, laparoscopic assisted colectomy is increasingly practised world-wide. Abundant evidence exists in the literature suggesting laparoscopic assisted colectomy, when compared with its open counterpart, is associated with more favourable short-term outcomes, better cosmesis, and better patients satisfaction. Moreover, recent reports from large-scale randomized trials support the use of this minimally invasive technique in the treatment of colorectal cancer, a malignant condition common in many parts of the world. However, around 8-29% of patients with colorectal cancer present as acute large bowel obstruction, a condition used to be considered as a contraindication to laparoscopic surgery due to poor exposure and potential hazard of injury to the distended bowel. Thus, most cases of malignant large bowel obstruction mandate an emergency open surgery to relieve the obstruction and resect the tumour, with many patients, especially those with obstructing ...
We offer clinical cancer updates, treatment guidance, and research news to the oncology nursing community. Visit us often for drug therapy testing results, patient care information and more. Download our FREE app today.
Dr. Mayank Madan is Best Surgeon for Laparoscopic Colon Surgery in Gurgaon, Delhi NCR India. The colon is the large intestine, lower part of digestive tract
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your live performance in International Journal of Colorectal Disease format for free.
Bowel movements after colon resection - My wife had a right colon resection a little over a week ago and when she has a bowel movement she has no sensation off the need. Is this normal? Loose. It is common to have loose stool after a colon resection, but watery diarrhea and stool incontinence is not typical. See your doctor about this issue, and to rule out an infection in your colon.
Food to eat after colon surgery - Food & Drink on Pinterest - recipes, healthy eating and .... Bowtrol Colon Cleanser Health Support forumlas include natural colon cleanse supplements and natural Sensitive Digestion remedies.
Boston Bruins center David Backes missed the first five games of the season, returned for five and then exited the lineup to have colon surgery. The veteran forward remains sidelined, but he returned to practice this week wearing a non-contact jersey.
Bob Coats, or as many of you know him as Los Bobbys of The Belairs Rock and Soul Ban… Janice Coats needs your support for Bobby Coats Fund for Colon Surgery
An optical navigation system was adapted for abdominal surgical purposes, The feasibility and potential usefulness was investigated in 24 patients with a colorectal tumor or diverticulitis. The information from a preoperative CT scan was integrated in the real time live video images. Instruments were marked and identifiable during the navigation. All patients underwent a laparoscopic colorectal resection.. The feasibility of the system was established. The accuracy of finding the tumor [21 patients]was evaluated, as well as the identification of the tumot borsers,the optimal placement of the trocarts, the accuracy of localization of the ureters [19 patients], the accuracy of localization of arterial vessels supplying the bowel, and the number of conversions and positive margins. The feeling of safety of the surgeon was evaluated during the procedure.. The feasibility of the system was established, and the images were accurate within a 0,5 cm. All 21 tumors were accurately foung by navigation. ...
Gastrocolic \Gas`tro*colic\, a. [Gastro- + colic.] (Anat.) Pertaining to both the stomach and the colon; as, the gastrocolic, or great, omentum. [1913 Webster]
Plain films are often that first studies ordered to evaluate for SBO. The hallmark of obstruction on plain films (obviously) is dilated loops of bowel. To distinguish SBO from large bowel obstruction, the dilated loops are usually centrally located with valvulae conniventes present. On supine images, SBO often demonstrates a "stepladder" pattern of dilated loops of bowel that appear to be stacked on one another. Variable amount of gas is seen in the colon depending on the severity and duration of obstruction. A gasless abdomen can also be seen if distended loops are fluid-filled. Erect or lateral decubitus films demonstrate air-fluid levels. If the loops are predominantly filled with fluid, a "string of pearls" can be seen, representing small collections of air trapped between valvulae. ...
In adults, frequently the surgical intervention and the treatment of the causative lesion are required. In malignant large bowel obstruction, endoscopically placed self-expanding metal stents may be used to temporarily relieve the obstruction as a bridge to surgery, or as palliation. ...
In the last decades increasing evidence indicated a crucial role of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling in development of midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons. Recently dysregulation of this pathway has been proposed as a novel pathomechanism leading to Parkinsons disease (PD) and some of the molecules participating to the signaling have been evaluated as potential therapeutic targets for PD. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a cardiac-derived hormone having a critical role in cardiovascular homeostasis. ANP and its receptors (NPRs) are widely expressed in mammalian central nervous system (CNS) where they could be implicated in the regulation of neural development, synaptic transmission and information processing, as well as in neuroprotection ...
MY HUSBAND HAD HIS COLON REMOVED THREE YEARS AGO BECAUSE OF DIVERTICULITS. HE HAS FREQUENT BOWEL MOVEMENTS AND CONSQUENTLY GETS VERY LITTLE SLEEP. HE TALES LEMOTIL AND HAS TRIED METAMUSIL AND OTHER THI...
The Open ( Traditional ) technique is still the gold standard to which the other techniques are measured. It is still needed in many situatuations, because curing the disease is the priority, and if open technique gives the patient better results in terms of cure, then this will be the best treatment option that should be selected.
... is a colon surgery, in which total or partial removal of the colon is performed. See clinics performing colectomy, learn and compare costs abroad.
Why would my daughters operation go ahead without the mandatory anti-biotic prophylaxis? Why did my daughter not receive the colon cleansing required for colon surgery? Why did my daughter remain on a liquid diet for eight days and be only receiving 687 calories per day, with no nutritional supplement?-this is a starvation diet! Should below […]. Read More → ...
Robotic surgery offers benefits to both patient and surgeon by allowing smaller incisions and faster recovery time, to better accuracy, flexibility and control. Many procedures which had previously been conducted with laparoscopy, or open surgery, are becoming further improved upon in robotic surgery. This video demonstrates two such procedures, from different specialities, being performed; the low anterior resection and colovesical fistula repair. DOI#: http://dx.doi.org/10.17797/f1frvag53q
Intestinal pathogenes are often involved in postoperative complications after colon surgery. Probiotic bacteria, i e live bacteria which have beneficial effects on the host when ingested, have been shown to reduce bacterial translocation in animal studies. However, in humans studies results have varied. The purpose with this study was to find whether high doses of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v affects the potentially pathogenic microflora of the gut, bacterial translocation and cell proliferation in patients undergoing planned colon surgery ...
Adult large bowel obstruction is an infrequent cause of acute obstruction. In Africa and India it is caused commonly by sigmoid volvulus [1]. In developing countries tuberculous stricture may also be a likely cause [2]. Transverse colon obstruction is relatively uncommon. Carcinoma of the transverse colon accounts for 10 % of all colorectal cancer [3]. When an obstructive lesion is seen in an adult, ruling out malignancy is of top priority but the biopsy gives the surprise. Such a case is reported. Case. 42 years old lady had presented with abdominal fullness and discomfort of 15 days duration. She was passing flatus infrequently and passing small quantity of stool daily. But in the last 2 days before her presentation she was neither passing flatus nor stool. She did not give any history of similar complaints or of undergoing any surgery in the past. There was no history of definite pain or fever. She was having her period regularly. On examination she was in good general health. There was mild ...
Details of the image Delayed perforation of colonic stent for malignant large bowel obstruction Modality: CT (C+ portal venous phase)
We would like to present two patients with triple localized, synchronous colon tumors who underwent emergency operations for obstruction. The second and third localizations were discovered during the operation.
Endoscopic features of melanosis coli. The ascending colon (a) and descending colon (b) of patient no. 8, and the transverse colon of patient no. 13 before (c)
What happens to you body after colon surgery - After Surgery: MedlinePlus. Bowtrol is formulated to maximize ones elimination without causing loose stools or uncomfortable cramping.
The descriptions for this measure come from source: www.leapfroggroup.org.. "To prevent infections after major colon surgery, hospital staff should use appropriate antibiotics before surgery, clean the surgical site with special antiseptics, and closely monitor patients during and after the surgery. Surgical site infections can be very serious, and may spread throughout the body. A patient with this type of infection often faces a long recovery in the ICU. Some people even die from the infection.". ...
Laparoscopic colon cancer surgery. Surgeon preparing to insert an laparoscopic probe into a patients abdomen during a procedure to remove a carcinoma of the colon. The probe, which has a light to illuminate the view for the camera, will be inserted through the trocar in the patients abdomen. Laparoscopy (key hole surgery) is a type of minimally invasive surgery that can be conducted through very small incisions unlike conventional surgical procedures. - Stock Image C005/6507
MODEL RELEASED. Laparoscopic colon cancer surgery. Surgeon making the initial incision in a patients abdomen during a procedure to remove a carcinoma of the colon. Laparoscopy (key hole surgery) is a type of minimally invasive surgery that can be conducted through very small incisions unlike conventional surgical procedures. - Stock Image C005/6505
Colon resection for crohns disease - Terminal Ileum - Colon Resection Surgery - Crohns Disease.... Bowtrol is formulated to maximize ones elimination without causing loose stools or uncomfortable cramping.
The objective of this registry is to compile clinical data on the use of the Evolution® Colonic Stent System for the palliative treatment of colonic ob
A 32-year-old Japanese woman with a 14-month history of ulcerative colitis (UC), pancolitis type, was referred to our institution, because of abdominal distention. Plain abdominal X-ray and computed t
Laparoscopic operating techniques are gaining wider acceptance among colorectal surgeons, as their efficacy is proven. These techniques offer patients the advantages of fewer complications, decreased need for postoperative narcotics, faster 1
After certain types of surgery, the colon and rectum may need to be kept clear of stool while they heal. In other cases, the rectum has been removed or cant be reconnected to the rest of the colon. In either case, a colostomy is needed. This creates a new opening in the belly so waste can leave the body. You may need the new opening for a short time, or permanently. If you had a colostomy during colorectal surgery, your healthcare providers will help you learn how to care for it.. ...
I need help on this colonoscopy. This lady has had a colon resection d/t invasive adenocarcinoma, leaving her with essentially just the rectum and the
Cardamom cloves are considered to be the queen of spices. Cardamom is used for mental strength and relieves tension. Cardamom health benefits are immense and it has medicinal properties too. Cardamom are used for treating heart burns and digestive trouble
Given the noted possible causes, treatment has centered around the causes. Steroids and aspirin-based medications are potent anti-inflammatory medications. While they do not cure ulcerative colitis, they certainly can blunt the symptoms and put the disease into remission. Next biologic agents, based on TNF inhibitors (tumor necrosis factor), are thought to destroy the agents responsible for causing the disease. Finally, immunomodulators and chemotherapeutic drugs also play a role in the treatment. There are many experimental agents in different stages of evaluation. When all medications have failed, surgical intervention is needed. This is the point at which the colon and rectal surgeon can be of most help.. ...
Get listings of cardamom pod, cardamom pod suppliers, manufacturers, dealers, traders and exporters. Browse cardamom pod price, specification, ratings and reviews at one place.
Drinking coffee instead of water may restore normal bowel function more quickly among people who have had surgery to remove part of their colon, a new study sug
A woman recently won a lawsuit in North Carolina over complications that arose during surgery to remove segments of her colon. The woman s
Provides a scientifically advanced blend of ingredients that work synergistically to maintain your horses digestive tract in peak condition. Horses with a healthy GI tract digest their feed more effectively so they absorb additional nutrients. They are less likely to suffer from digestive upsets, and perform better and feel great every day. Supports a healthy equine GI tract, which reduces the incidence of colonic irritation and ulcers; colic and laminitis related to hindgut acidosis; diarrhea; gastric ulcers; low immunity; oxidative stress, and cell membrane damage ...
Neigh-Lox Advanced supports a healthy equine GI tract, which reduces the incidence of: Colonic irritation and ulcers, Colic and laminitis related to hindgut acidosis, diarrhea, gastric ulcers, low immunity, oxidative stress and cell membrane ...
Browse our extensive catalog of new & used Colonoscope Equipment for sale or auction. Find any required new, refurbished or used Colonoscope Equipment or device.
Browse our extensive catalog of new & used Colonoscope Equipment for sale or auction. Find any required new, refurbished or used Colonoscope Equipment or device.
We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time.Find out more ...
The ICD-10 Code C18.2 is the code used for Malignant neoplasm of ascending colon .An alternative description for this code is Malignant neoplasm of ascending ...
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
Case 1: Mr. Jones is a 51-year-old male who comes to your office for a screening colonoscopy. He tells you that he had a friend who had a colon perforation from a colonoscopy and he is reluctant to undergo one himself. He has heard that there is a new blood test for colon cancer and asks you why he cant have this instead. You do a quick search for this test and learn that it has low sensitivity but high specificity. ...
A Microbiomic Analysis in African Americans With Colonic Lesions Reveals Streptococcus Sp.VT162 as a Marker of Neoplastic Transformation ...
A Microbiomic Analysis in African Americans With Colonic Lesions Reveals Streptococcus Sp.VT162 as a Marker of Neoplastic Transformation ...
Did malignancy extend to hepatic flexure (microscopic description) or metastasize to hepatic flexure (final diagnosis)? Report as direct extension of tumor. Direct extension of tumor agrees with the microscopic description and is supported by the note on the diagram of the abdomen which says that the right colon was matted into the liver. (The distinction between direct extension and metastasis, non-contiguous disease, will be discussed in a later instructional manual.) ...
Markedly abnormal study demonstrating stool-distended bowel extending from the distal transverse colon to the level of the rectum, with associated compression o
Appendix and Colon Surgery: Find the most comprehensive real-world treatment information on Appendix and Colon Surgery at PatientsLikeMe. 2 patients with fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, diabetes type 2, systemic lupus erythematosus, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, Parkinsons disease, panic disorder, high blood pressure (hypertension), myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), epilepsy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, migraine, hypothyroidism, osteoarthritis, traumatic brain injury, asthma, social anxiety disorder, bipolar II disorder, high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, irritable bowel syndrome, psoriasis, gastroesophageal reflux disease or mild depression currently have Appendix and Colon Surgery.
Application Analysis-. Cardamom Oil is made from two genre of cardamom plants i.e. Elettaria and Amomum (Subulatum/ costatum). Elettaria is also known as true cardamom or green cardamom which is mostly grows in India and Guatemala whereas Amomum is known as black cardamom or java cardamom which is mainly found in China and India subcontinent. Depend upon these two types of cardamom plants (i.e. Elettaria and Amomum), cardamom oil is segmented in to Elettaria cardamom oil and Amomum subulatum cardamom oil. Elettaria cardamom oil has the major market share and contributing more than 50% market in the year 2016. The cardamom oil market is driven by factors including rising demand for natural flavoring and coloring agent in food. Increasing demand for various purposes industrial including food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, personal care and home care product manufacturers is fueling cardamom oil market growth. Cardamom oil is majorly used in food and beverages application followed by ...
Mr. FB is 65 year old male who presented with drainage from his anterior abdominal wall midline incision. Also has stool in his urine. Once CT scan was performed, this showed a colocutaneous fistula from the colorectal anastamosis out through the anterior abdominal wall incision. There was also a colocutaneous fistula into the dome of the urinary bladder indicating a colovesical fistula ...
Bowel obstruction, also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which prevents the normal movement of the products of digestion. Either the small bowel or large bowel may be affected. Signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, vomiting, bloating and not passing gas. Mechanical obstruction is the cause of about 5 to 15% of cases of severe abdominal pain of sudden onset requiring admission to hospital. Causes of bowel obstruction include adhesions, hernias, volvulus, endometriosis, inflammatory bowel disease, appendicitis, tumors, diverticulitis, ischemic bowel, tuberculosis and intussusception. Small bowel obstructions are most often due to adhesions and hernias while large bowel obstructions are most often due to tumors and volvulus. The diagnosis may be made on plain X-rays; however, CT scan is more accurate. Ultrasound or MRI may help in the diagnosis of children or pregnant women. The condition may be treated conservatively or with surgery. ...
Is Cosmetic Surgery the Right Decision For You? Post a Review / Analysis! I always laugh at people who say Dont have the budget to buy yourself a Ring Flash? Today one of our forum members Manzin (see some of his work here) shares a tutorial on how he created his own Acupuncture For Ed Joy Electric No Colon Surgery After Cancer Erectile Problems Videos Treated 2×6 and fast treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) that can reverse their problem without medication and Erectile beetroot juice and erectile dysfunction Intestinal giardiasis Occupational therapy news; Today in OT blog; Best Over The Counter Pills For Erectile Dysfunction Temporary Twenty Youth Kantian Classical Adherence to Mediterranean can viagra kill you can you take alcohol with viagra. CBSNs Elaine Quijano and Anne-Marie Green show us how the Grammy-nominated singer gave a free show Do you want to become a physical therapist? Learn about the physical therapist education requirements and the choices of undergraduate and graduate ...
BACKGROUND: Colonic strictures represent an advanced stage of fibrosing colonopathy in patients with cystic fibrosis. AIMS: To clarify whether ultrasonography can identify patients with an early stage of fibrosing colonopathy and to determine clinical factors that influence bowel wall thickening. PATIENTS: Ninety patients with cystic fibrosis, median age 10 years, and 46 healthy controls, median age 13 years, were investigated. METHODS: Bowel wall thickness was measured by ultrasound in a prospective study. RESULTS: In cystic fibrosis, wall thickness of both small intestine and colon was significantly (p , 0.0001) higher than in controls; 81% of patients with cystic fibrosis had a maximum colon wall thickness at any site of 2 mm or more, a value that was never reached by controls. The maximum colon wall thickness was 6.5 mm. Bowel wall thickness was unchanged at re-examination after one year. There was no progression even with high dose pancreatic supplements. There was no association between ...
Questo sito utilizza i cookie per fornire la migliore esperienza di navigazione possibile. Continuando a utilizzare questo sito senza modificare le impostazioni dei cookie o cliccando su "Accetta" permetti il loro utilizzo.. Chiudi ...
Previous studies have shown that DNA alkylation is a common event in colorectal tissue but the source of exposure to the methylating agents remains to be identified. These results confirm our previous study in a separate population of patients with colorectal disease,8 in demonstrating that colorectal DNA, obtained from individuals with malignant colorectal disease, contains detectable amounts of the pro-mutagenic and pro-carcinogenic lesionO 6-MedG. Furthermore, evidence from the current study indicates thatO 6-MedG levels vary within the large bowel as (i) DNA alkylation was higher in normal tissue from the sigmoid colon and rectum than in the proximal colon, (ii) only 13% of paired normal and tumour DNA samples obtained from the proximal colon were both alkylated compared with 21% in the sigmoid colon and 42% in the rectum, and (iii) O 6-MedG levels in tumour DNA from the proximal colon (but not the sigmoid colon or rectum) were greater than those in normal DNA.. A number of different ...
Get the best quote for right hemicolectomy procedure from the best internationally accredited hospitals at your preferred locations. Request now!!
Rectal Cancer 1. What is Rectal Cancer?. Rectal Cancer is cancer is a tumor arising from the lowest 15 centimeters of the large intestines, lying within the pelvis and connecting the colon to anus. Rectal cancer, unlike colon cancer, has a tendency to recur locally within the pelvis in the other organs near the colon and has a worse outcome. Local recurrence of rectal cancer is common (15-45%) after standard surgery and is often catastrophic. It is difficult to cure, and the associated symptoms are debilitating. Accordingly, preventing local recurrence is one of the main treatment goals with rectal cancer. Roughly one third of all colorectal cases involve the rectum.. 2. How does one know if one has rectal cancer?. Rectal cancer can cause many symptoms that require a person to seek medical care. However, rectal cancer may also be present without any symptoms, hence it is important to have routine health screening check up. Symptoms, to be aware of include the following:. * Bleeding. - Seeing ...
Colon and rectal surgeries are typically performed to treat colon and rectal cancers, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or diverticulitis, and may also be necessary following an injury or wound, serious infection, or bowel blockage.
A colic flexure is a flexure (a bend) in the colon. There are two colic flexures in the transverse colon. The left colic flexure is near the spleen, and is known as the splenic flexure. ...
INTRODUCTION. In view of the high incidence of infection of the peritoneal cavity in surgical practice, many investigators have the relationship between peritonitis and healing of intestinal anastomoses. Contradictory results have been obtained in studies of the influence of infection on the development of colon anastomoses healing in experimental animals, with some investigators reporting high rates of dehiscense and mortality6,8,21 and others reporting little or no effect of infection on the anastomotic lesion12,18,20. Thus, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of peritonitis on the healing of experimentally induced colon anastomoses in rats.. METHOD. The study was conducted on 40 male rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus, Rodentia mammalia) of the Wistar-Tecpar strain aged 114 to 130 days and weighing on average 298 g. The animals were divided in two groups S (control) and P (experimental).. The animals were anesthetized with ether, weighed and identified. The ventral abdominal ...
Harm to the gastrointestinal system is a main trigger of morbidity and mortality in graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and is attributable to Testosterone levels cellCmediated irritation. cell inhabitants depended on coexpression of the IL-23 receptor seriously, which was needed for maximum inflammatory results. NonCFoxp3-revealing Compact disc4+ Testosterone levels cells created IL-10, which governed colonic irritation and attenuated lethality in the lack of useful Compact disc4+Foxp3+ Testosterone levels cells. Hence, the synchronize phrase of Compact disc11c and the IL-23 receptor defines an IL-10Cgoverned, colitogenic storage Compact disc4+ Testosterone levels cell subset that can be ready to initiate irritation when there can be reduction of patience and break down of mucosal obstacles. Launch Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) can be a proinflammatory symptoms that can be started by donor Testosterone levels cells and can be the main problem of allogeneic hematopoietic control cell ...
Symptoms of leaking colon resection - Journey to the Center of Your Colon - Understanding Leaky.... Revitol provides discount natural health and beauty products manufacturer direct to our customers. Find your favorite health supplements and natural beauty products here.
Colonoscopy is considered the most effective method for diagnosing colorectal diseases, but its application is sometimes limited due to invasiveness, patie
Get information, facts, and pictures about Cardamoms at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Cardamoms easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
The mean age of the patients was 63.6 years (range 30-85 years). Fifty-six patients (70.9%) were male and 23 (29.1%) were female. The most common obstructive site was in the rectosigmoid junction (25/79, 31.6%). The technical success rate and clinical success rate of SEMS were 76/79 (96.2%) and 71/79 (89.8%), respectively. Covered SEMS were used in 40/76 (50.6%) of patients. In patients with technical success (n = 76), emergency surgery following SEMS insertion was performed in 5 patients (4 stomas) for treatment of clinical failure, and elective surgery after SEMS insertion was performed in 71 patients (6 stomas). The complication rate of SEMS was 11.4%, including perforation in 2/79 (2.5%), stent migration in 2/79 (2.5%), persistent colonic obstruction in 4/79 (5.1%), and reobstruction in 1/79 (1.3%). In patients with elective surgery, one patient died six days after surgery, he had sepsis with pneumonia related to surgery. ...
ColoRectal Educational Systems Template, commonly known as CREST®, is the premier online educational portal for physicians interested in colorectal surgery. A complimentary benefit for all ASCRS members, CREST® offers health care providers an interactive venue to review all aspects of colorectal disease to ensure their delivery of the highest quality of patient care. CREST® is part of ASCRS Online Learning Center, now hosted on a new platform that offers an improved, user-friendly experience to easily access CREST® modules.. ...
Gastroenterology General Medical Surgery: 1 assigned downloads, like Frontiers in Colorectal Disease: St. Marks 150th Anniversary International Conference - , J. P. S. Thomson from ebook-reader
In colon surgery fibrin glue is commonly used for the additional sealing of high-risk colonic anastomoses. As every anastomosis must be considered contaminated, and fibrin is a culture medium for...
A study in the latest issue of the International Journal of Colorectal Disease investigates the influence of corticosteroids and anti-TNF-alpha therapies on the risk of postoperative complications in patients with IBD.. ...
I Need to delete/unregistera ATT 5800 handset to replace a broken I am trying to replace a ATT 5800 handset with a - Lands Phones question
Cardamom, Ground - Ingredients Descriptions and Photos - We are dedicated to cruelty-free living through a vegetarian/vegan lifestyle - Let no animal suffer or die that we may eat!
Absolut Extrakt is a bold, yet delicious shot combining superb Absolut vodka with a spiced warm flavor of green cardamom and other secret ingredients. It is celebrating our Swedish heritage by bringing a modern take of the traditional Swedish
During a colonoscopy, the patient is given medicine and the doctor inserts a colonoscope, or a thin tube, into the colon, according to the American Cancer Society. The colonoscope has a small video...
As you might come to expect, Axon is yet another re-make of Priority Hub, and in addition to supporting both iOS 11 and 12 out of the box, it also supports A12(X) handsets, which can be jailbroken in full via the Electra Teams Chimera jailbreak.. Just like the original Priority Hub, Axon sorts your missed incoming notifications by app on the Lock screen. You can filter between notifications by tapping on the corresponding app icon that appears just underneath the date and time.. Upon installing Axon, youll find a preference pane in the Settings app where you can configure the tweak to your liking: ...
I just had a colon resection and was in hospital from Monday to Friday. Depends on wether you have open surgery or lapro? You could ask your surgeon this but they dont know for sure until you are in surgery? My surgeon said six weeks before lifting anything very heavy. As far as your work goes, it would depend on what you do? How fast you heal, fatique might be a problem, bowel movements, etc. We have an oilfield service company and work out of our house so I was able to do office work the following week. ...
I am unsure which modifier to use (58, 78, 79) for an ileostomy reversal due to unwanted ileostomy within 90 days of the initial colon resection. help
PURPOSE: This research was conducted to compare the management and the outcome of patients with colovesical fistulae of different aetiologies. METHODS: Retrospective data were collected from 2002 to 2012 and analyzed with SPSS ver. 17. Age, gender, aetiology, management, hospital stay, postoperative complications, and mortality were studied and compared among colovesical fistulae of different aetiologies. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients, 46 males (84%) and 9 females (16%), with a median age of 65 years (interquartile range [IQR], 48-75 years) were studied. Diverticular disease was the most common benign cause and recto-sigmoid cancer the most common malignancy. Anterior resection and bladder repair were the most frequent operations in benign cases, as was total pelvic exenteration in the malignant group. Multiple intestinal loop involvement and subsequent resection were significantly higher in those with Crohn disease than it was in patients of colovesical fistula due to all other causes ...
Sigmoid volvulus is a common cause of large bowel obstruction in western countries and Africa. It accounts for 25% of the patients admitted to the hospital for large bowel obstruction. The acute management of sigmoid volvulus is sigmoidoscopic decompression. However, the recurrence rate can be as high as 60% in some series. Recurrent sigmoid volvulus in elderly patients who are not fit for definitive surgery is difficult to manage. The percutaneous endoscopic placement of two percutaneous endoscopic colostomy tube placement is a simple and relatively safe procedure. The two tubes should be left open to act as vents for the colon from over-distending. In our opinion, this aspect is key to its success as it keeps the sigmoid colon deflated until adhesions form between the colon and the abdominal wall ...
Approximately half of patients with rectal cancer may be candidates for palliative therapy at some point during their disease process because of locally advanced or metastatic disease or high operative risk.4,7 Treatment strategies as an alternative for palliative surgery for advanced stage rectal cancer include laser ablation, argon plasma coagulation, electrocoagulation, photodynamic therapy, pelvic radiotherapy, chemotherapy, endoscopic stenting, and cryotherapy.7-11 Treatment selection should consider the patients symptoms, age, comorbid conditions, extent of disease, and patient preference.. Endoscopic cryotherapy has been used to control tumor bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. This technique involves directing freezing nitrogen gas on the lesion during direct visualization, causing immediate and delayed cellular death.6,12 Each mucosal site is generally treated for 20-30 seconds for 2-3 cycles with at least 45 seconds between freezes to allow complete tissue thawing. Endoscopic ...
Single Incision Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery. Dan Geisler, MD, FACS, FASCRS. Disclosures. Covidien Consultant. M.I.C.R.S. Strategy to Combat Time Constraints of Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery. break operation into directly productive vs. nonproductive actions Slideshow 4234233 by juro
Gastrointestinal perforation is a complication associated with steroid therapy or hypercortisolism, but it is rarely observed in patients with Cushings disease in clinical practice, and only one case has been reported as a presenting symptom. Herein, we report a rare case of Cushings disease in which a patient presented with gastrointestinal perforation as a symptom. A 79-year-old man complained of discomfort in the lower abdomen for 6 months. Based on the endocrinological and gastroenterological examinations, he was diagnosed with Cushings disease with a perforation of the descending colon. After consultation with a gastroenterological surgeon, it was decided that colonic perforation could be conservatively observed without any oral intake and treated with parenteral administration of antibiotics because of the mild systemic inflammation and lack of abdominal guarding. Despite the marked elevated levels of serum cortisol, oral medication was not an option because of colonic perforation. ...
Sigmoid colon volvulus, also known as sigmoid volvulus, is a common cause of bowel obstruction and constipation. It is common in Asia, India (7% of intestinal obstruction) and especially South India because of the high fibre diet. It is very common cause of large bowel obstruction in Peru and Bolivia due to high altitude. Pain in abdomen - initially left-sided, eventually all over Absolute constipation Enormous distension of abdomen Late vomiting and eventually dehydration Features of peritonitis Hiccough and retching may occur Tyre-like feel of the abdomen is diagnostic The condition is more common in males and with old age. It is also common in people with chronic constipation and laxative abuse. It is common in: Ogilvie syndrome Individuals with learning difficulties Chagas disease Hypothyroidism Anticholinergic drugs Multiple sclerosis Scleroderma Parkinsons disease In sigmoid, volvulus rotation is always anticlockwise. It requires one and a half rotation to cause vascular obstruction and ...

Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: treatment and long term follow up of 44 patients | Archives of Disease in ChildhoodChronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: treatment and long term follow up of 44 patients | Archives of Disease in Childhood

... pseudo-Hirschsprungs disease, adynamic bowel syndrome, colonic neuronal dysplasia, and hollow visceral myopathy.17-25 It is ... with muscle disease having a poorer outcome than nerve disease, and the presence of muscle disease may indicate a congenital ... It appears that if the disease is severe enough to require TPN for more than six months, it is likely that the child will be ... The latter three are known to be common in severe disease,56 57 and thus might be expected to result in poor prognosis. The ...
more infohttp://adc.bmj.com/content/81/1/21.full

ulcers peptic ulcer perforation|ulcers peptic ulcer中文及Ulcers (Peptic Ulcer) 66筆1|1頁-APP點子ulcers peptic ulcer perforation|ulcers peptic ulcer中文及Ulcers (Peptic Ulcer) 66筆1|1頁-APP點子

WebMD explains peptic ulcer disease, including its causes and treatment. ... Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ... WebMD explains peptic ulcer disease, including its causes and treatment. ... Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ... Peptic ulcer disease (PUD), also known as a peptic ulcer or stomach ulcer, is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part ... Peptic Ulcer Disease (Stomach Ulcers) Cause, Symptoms, TreatmentsVečer je dnevni časopis z novicami iz sveta in Slovenije s ...
more infohttps://apps.saydigi.com/article/relate/ulcers%20peptic%20ulcer%20perforation/1

Colonic Diseases | SpringerLinkColonic Diseases | SpringerLink

... inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, diverticular disease, Crohns disease, and constipation. Here the authors ... In Colonic Diseases, Timothy R. Koch, MD, has assembled a panel of innovative basic researchers, esteemed clinical ... Timely and cutting-edge, Colonic Diseases explains the origins and treatment of common colorectal disorders, blending the ... of disease with new outcomes and epidemiological research to improve our present and future understanding of colonic diseases ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-1-59259-314-9

Colonic Diseases - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlusColonic Diseases - Multiple Languages: MedlinePlus

Health Information on Colonic Diseases: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Colonic Diseases: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Enfermedades del colon: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ... URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/languages/colonicdiseases.html Other topics A-Z. ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/languages/colonicdiseases.html

Large Intestine Diseases | Colonic Diseases | MedlinePlusLarge Intestine Diseases | Colonic Diseases | MedlinePlus

Diseases of the large intestine can affect your colons ability to work properly. See how diet, medicines, and in some cases ... ClinicalTrials.gov: Colonic Diseases (National Institutes of Health) * ClinicalTrials.gov: Intestinal Diseases (National ... Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease and its severity. Treatment may involve diet, medicines ... URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/colonicdiseases.html Colonic Diseases Also called: Large intestine diseases ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/colonicdiseases.html

Colonic DiseasesColonic Diseases

... condition causing abdominal cramping and other symptoms Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease ... Some of these include Colorectal cancer Colonic polyps - extra tissue growing in the colon that can become cancerous Ulcerative ...
more infohttp://www.medications.com/colonic-diseases

99m Tc-Sucralfate scintigraphy and colonic disease | The BMJ99m Tc-Sucralfate scintigraphy and colonic disease | The BMJ

99m Tc-Sucralfate scintigraphy and colonic disease Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 295 :1135 ... 99m Tc-Sucralfate scintigraphy and colonic disease. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 295 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.295.6606. ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/295/6606/1135.2

Colonic DiseasesColonic Diseases

... Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum ... Books, Medical~~Clinical & Internal Medicine~~Diseases & Disorders, Colonic Diseases~~Book~~9780896039612, , , , , , , , , ,, [ ... inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, diverticular disease, Crohns disease, and constipation. Here the authors ... In Colonic Diseases, Timothy R. Koch, MD, has assembled a panel of innovative basic researchers, esteemed clinical ...
more infohttps://www.eurobuch.com/buch/isbn/0896039617.html

Functional Colonic Diseases
     Summary Report | CureHunterFunctional Colonic Diseases Summary Report | CureHunter

Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized ... Colonic Diseases, Functional; Colonic Disease, Functional; Disease, Functional Colonic; Diseases, Functional Colonic; ... Gastrointestinal Diseases: 1735*Intestinal Diseases: 773*Colonic Diseases: 226*Functional Colonic Diseases: 7*Irritable Bowel ... Functional Colonic Diseases. Subscribe to New Research on Functional Colonic Diseases Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders ...
more infohttp://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD003109-Functional-Colonic-Diseases.do

Colonic diseases - Things You Didnt KnowColonic diseases - Things You Didn't Know

Diseases that affect the colon include infections, inflammation, inadequate blood supply, obstructions, cancers, etc. ... Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that is at the end of the ... Colonic Diseases (Overview) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ... Colonic Diseases (Overview) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ...
more infohttps://www.healthtap.com/topics/colonic-diseases

Medicine for colonic diseases - Things You Didnt KnowMedicine for colonic diseases - Things You Didn't Know

The answer to this question really depends on the specific type of colonic disease you are wondering about. There are several ... What does getting colonic diseases mean in the long run? Depends. ... disease processes of the colon, each with different outcomes and prognosis. ... Colonic Diseases (Definition) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ...
more infohttps://www.healthtap.com/topics/medicine-for-colonic-diseases

Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Colonic Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Intra-Operative Variables. - SAGES Abstract ArchivesRobotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Colonic Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Intra-Operative Variables. - SAGES Abstract Archives

Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Colonic Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Intra-Operative Variables.. Kandace M Kichler, MD, ... Only 39.3% (273 patients) suffered from benign disease requiring colectomy, whereas the remaining 60.7% (421 patients) ... has been proven to be a safe and effective alternative to laparoscopic techniques in the treatment of colorectal diseases, ...
more infohttps://www.sages.org/meetings/annual-meeting/abstracts-archive/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-surgery-for-colonic-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-intra-operative-variables/

Treating Hirschsprungs Disease (Colonic Aganglionosis)Treating Hirschsprung's Disease (Colonic Aganglionosis)

Options for Treating Hirschsprungs Disease. Specific treatment for Hirschsprungs disease will be determined by your childs ... Possible Complications After Hirschsprungs Disease Surgery. Most people who undergo surgery for Hirschsprungs disease recover ... Hirschsprungs disease is a condition that causes a baby to be born with nerve cells in his or her intestines missing. ... If the disease affects only a small portion of the bowel, it may take long to discover the problem. ...
more infohttps://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Programs-and-Services/Pediatric-Surgery/Treatment/Treating-Hirschsprungs-Disease-Colonic-Aganglionosis.aspx

KAKEN - Research Projects | New Therapeutic omega-3 unsaturated fatty acid for nonspecific inflammatory colonic diseases. ...KAKEN - Research Projects | New Therapeutic omega-3 unsaturated fatty acid for nonspecific inflammatory colonic diseases. ...

non specific inflammatory colonic disease / TNBS-induced colitis / omega-3 type fatty acid / fish oil. ... New Therapeutic omega-3 unsaturated fatty acid for nonspecific inflammatory colonic diseases.. Research Project ... The causes of nonspecific inflammatory diseases of the intestinal tract--Crohns disease, ulcerative colitis, and intestinal ... This produces expansion of an auxiliary lesion of the inflammatory diseases and delayd healing.. The purposes of the research ...
more infohttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-07807125/

Sabinet | Biochemical and immunohistochemical characterisation of mucins in 8 cases of colonic disease - a pilot study :...Sabinet | Biochemical and immunohistochemical characterisation of mucins in 8 cases of colonic disease - a pilot study :...

Biochemical and immunohistochemical characterisation of mucins in 8 cases of colonic disease - a pilot study : general surgery ...
more infohttp://journals.co.za/content/m_sajs/45/1/EJC66699

KAKEN - Research Projects | EFFECTS OF NEUROPEPTIDES ON ETIOLOGY AND PHOGENESIS OF COLONIC DISEASES WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO...KAKEN - Research Projects | EFFECTS OF NEUROPEPTIDES ON ETIOLOGY AND PHOGENESIS OF COLONIC DISEASES WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO...

Publications] Kubota,Y.: Colonic vasoactive intestinal peptide nerves in inflammatory bowel disease Gastroenterology. 102. ... Publications] Kubota,Y.: Colonic vasoactive intestinal peptide nerves in inflammatory bowel disease. Gastroenterology. 102. ... EFFECTS OF NEUROPEPTIDES ON ETIOLOGY AND PHOGENESIS OF COLONIC DISEASES WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO LOCAL IMMUNITY AND CLINICAL ... Publications] Yoshiro Kubota: Colonic vasoactive intestinal peptide nerves in inflammatory bowel disease Gastroenterology. ...
more infohttps://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-04670762/

Colonic disease and PSC | gutsandgrowthColonic disease and PSC | gutsandgrowth

... has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease, and ulcerative colitis (UC) in particular, the pathogenesis of this ... Colonic disease and PSC. Posted on June 5, 2012. by gutsandgrowth While primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) has been ... 5 thoughts on "Colonic disease and PSC" * Pingback: Screening for subclinical PSC in IBD? , gutsandgrowth ... The majority of ulcerative colitis patients had a pancolitis; all 10 PSC patients with Crohns disease had colonic involvement. ...
more infohttps://gutsandgrowth.com/2012/06/05/colonic-disease-and-psc/

Diverticular Disease: Colonic Epidemy of the 21st Century - Nova Science PublishersDiverticular Disease: Colonic Epidemy of the 21st Century - Nova Science Publishers

Diverticular Disease: Colonic Epidemy of the 21st Century. Andrés García-Marín, MD, PhD (Editor). Deparment of Surgery, ... Home / Shop / Books / Medicine and Health / Diverticular Disease: Colonic Epidemy of the 21st Century. ... ISBN: N/A Categories: Nova Medicine and Health, 2019, Digestive Diseases - Research and Clinical Developments, Upcoming ... Diverticular disease is one of the most common problems encountered by gastroenterologists, emergency physicians and surgeons, ...
more infohttps://novapublishers.com/shop/diverticular-disease-colonic-epidemy-of-the-21st-century/

Colonic Disease Expert for Consulting, Expert WitnessColonic Disease Expert for Consulting, Expert Witness

Experts available for colonic disease consulting, expert witness, or analyst services for business, legal, and technical ... Colonic Disease Experts. The following experts are available as colonic disease consultants and colonic disease expert ... Definition: Colonic Disease - A disease associated with or acting upon the large intestine.. ... Join our distinguished experts for colonic disease jobs, projects and consulting opportunities. ...
more infohttp://www1.orcexperts.com/experts.asp?strSearchType=all&strQuery=colonic+disease

Regression of a giant pseudopolyp in a patient with colonic Crohns disease after therapy with infliximab.  - PubMed - NCBIRegression of a giant pseudopolyp in a patient with colonic Crohn's disease after therapy with infliximab. - PubMed - NCBI

Regression of a giant pseudopolyp in a patient with colonic Crohns disease after therapy with infliximab.. Sánchez Melgarejo ... We report the case of a 43-year-old female patient with Crohns disease (CD) in clinical remission, with no specific treatment ... Giant inflammatory pseudopolyps (, 15 mm) are an uncommon complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and a differential ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=10.17235/reed.2019.6252/2019

Melatonins role as a co-adjuvant treatment in colonic diseases: A reviewMelatonin's role as a co-adjuvant treatment in colonic diseases: A review

Melatonins role as a co-adjuvant treatment in colonic diseases: A review. Eduardo Esteban-Zubero, Laura López-Pingarrón, ...
more infohttps://www.growkudos.com/publications/10.1016%25252Fj.lfs.2016.11.031/reader

Crohns disease and Escherichia coli. A new approach in therapy to maintain remission of colonic Crohns disease?  - PubMed -...Crohn's disease and Escherichia coli. A new approach in therapy to maintain remission of colonic Crohn's disease? - PubMed -...

Crohns disease and Escherichia coli. A new approach in therapy to maintain remission of colonic Crohns disease?. Malchow HA1. ... coli strain Nissle 1917 as a new therapy to maintain remission of colonic Crohns disease. ... activity are involved in the development or at least in the onset of relapse from remissive of colonic Crohns disease. However ... coli strain Nissle 1917 was tested for efficacy and tolerance in maintaining remission in patients with colonic Crohns disease ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9451682?dopt=Abstract

Interstitial cells of Cajal, enteric nerves, and glial cells in colonic diverticular disease | Journal of Clinical PathologyInterstitial cells of Cajal, enteric nerves, and glial cells in colonic diverticular disease | Journal of Clinical Pathology

Background: Colonic diverticular disease (diverticulosis) is a common disorder in Western countries. Although its pathogenesis ... Colonic diverticular disease (diverticulosis) is a frequent gastrointestinal disorder in developed countries1; it is ... Numbers of interstitial cells of Cajal and glial cells were decreased in colonic diverticular disease, whereas the numbers of ... Conclusions: Interstitial cells of Cajal and glial cells are decreased in colonic diverticular disease, whereas enteric ...
more infohttp://jcp.bmj.com/content/58/9/973

Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to Their by Felix Aigner, Helga Fritsch (auth.), Jean-Claude R. Givel, |...Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to Their by Felix Aigner, Helga Fritsch (auth.), Jean-Claude R. Givel, |...

Diseases. , Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to Their by Felix Aigner, Helga Fritsch (auth.), Jean-Claude R. ... Read Online or Download Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to Their Management PDF ... Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to Their by Felix Aigner, Helga Fritsch (auth.), Jean-Claude R. Givel,. ... Extra info for Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to Their Management ...
more infohttp://en.magomechaya.com/index.php/epub/anorectal-and-colonic-diseases-a-practical-guide-to-their-management
  • patients with diverticulosis display abnormal motility and colonic propulsive activity, particularly in the segments bearing diverticula. (bmj.com)
  • Conditions other than CF that are associated with elevated sweat electrolyte concentrations include adrenal insufficiency , anorexia nervosa , celiac disease, malnutrition , hypothyroidism , and congenital metabolic diseases . (medscape.com)
  • New Therapeutic omega-3 unsaturated fatty acid for nonspecific inflammatory colonic diseases. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Therefore, several therapeutic strategies, including reduction or dilution of bacterial components in the intestine by antibiotics or intestinal lavage, respectively, inactivation of inflammatory bacterial products, and reconstitution of intestinal microflora have been employed, substantiating the idea that dysfunction of the intestinal mucosal barrier and an alteration of bacterial composition contribute to the inflammatory disease. (nih.gov)
  • Understanding of gas- trointestinal (GI) disease followed the growth of the basic sciences and gastroenterology's involvement in scientific research during the latter half of the 20th century. (eurobuch.com)
  • In addition to the extent of involvement, people may also be characterized by the severity of their disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hirschsprung's disease is a condition that causes a baby to be born with nerve cells in his or her intestines missing. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Hirschsprung's disease causes 15 to 20% of intestinal obstructions that occur in newborns. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Most people who undergo surgery for Hirschsprung's disease recover without problems. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Hirschsprung's disease occurs in about one in 5,000 of newborns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Typically, Hirschsprung's disease is diagnosed shortly after birth, although it may develop well into adulthood, because of the presence of megacolon, or because the baby fails to pass the first stool (meconium) within 48 hours of delivery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several genes and specific regions on chromosomes (loci) have been shown or suggested to be associated with Hirschsprung's disease: The RET proto-oncogene accounts for the highest proportion of both familial and sporadic cases, with a wide range of mutations scattered along its entire coding region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research suggests that several genes are associated with Hirschsprung's disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, new research suggests that mutations in genomic sequences involved in regulating EDNRB have a bigger impact on Hirschsprung's disease than previously thought. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since Down syndrome is comorbid in 2% of Hirschsprung's cases, a likelihood exists that RET is involved heavily in both Hirschsprung's disease and Down syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • The earlier the RET mutation occurs in Hirschsprung's disease, the more severe the disorder becomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus, they are likely to be involved in the pathology of Hirschsprung's disease, at least in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes these associated extra-intestinal symptoms are the initial signs of the disease, such as painful arthritic knees in teenagers, which also may be seen in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary symptom of active disease is abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mild disease correlates with fewer than four stools daily, with or without blood, no systemic signs of toxicity, and a normal erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) or C-reactive protein (CRP). (wikipedia.org)