A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of COLONIC DIVERTICULA in the COLON. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial, including colon aging, motor dysfunction, increases in intraluminal pressure, and lack of dietary fibers.
A pouch or sac opening from the COLON.
Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.
A synthetic disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It has also been used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p887)
Dried, ripe seeds of PLANTAGO PSYLLIUM; PLANTAGO INDICA; and PLANTAGO OVATA. Plantain seeds swell in water and are used as demulcents and bulk laxatives.
Methylester of cellulose. Methylcellulose is used as an emulsifying and suspending agent in cosmetics, pharmaceutics and the chemical industry. It is used therapeutically as a bulk laxative.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.
Infections with BACTERIA of the order Bifidobacteriales. This includes infections in the genera BIFIDOBACTERIUM and GARDNERELLA, in the family Bifidobacteriaceae.
Inflammation of the DUODENUM section of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL). Erosive duodenitis may cause bleeding in the UPPER GI TRACT and PEPTIC ULCER.
A rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium that is a genus of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, order Bifidobacteriales, class ACTINOBACTERIA. It inhabits the intestines and feces of humans as well as the human vagina.
Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.
Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.
Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)
A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, cocci to short rod-shaped ARCHAEA, in the family METHANOBACTERIACEAE, order METHANOBACTERIALES. They are found in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or other anoxic environments.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
A plant genus of the family LINACEAE that is cultivated for its fiber (manufactured into linen cloth). It contains a trypsin inhibitor and the seed is the source of LINSEED OIL.
A plant genus of the family CLUSIACEAE. It is the source of the mangosteen fruit.
Functional obstruction of the COLON leading to MEGACOLON in the absence of obvious COLONIC DISEASES or mechanical obstruction. When this condition is acquired, acute, and coexisting with another medical condition (trauma, surgery, serious injuries or illness, or medication), it is called Ogilvie's syndrome.
The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A class of dibenzylbutane derivatives which occurs in higher plants and in fluids (bile, serum, urine, etc.) in man and other animals. These compounds, which have a potential anti-cancer role, can be synthesized in vitro by human fecal flora. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the sigmoid flexure.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the sigmoid colon.
Hospitals controlled by the county government.
A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
Chemical, spectroscopic, or microscopic detection of extremely small amounts of blood.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
An NADPH-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-ARGININE and OXYGEN to produce CITRULLINE and NITRIC OXIDE.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
A CALCIUM-independent subtype of nitric oxide synthase that may play a role in immune function. It is an inducible enzyme whose expression is transcriptionally regulated by a variety of CYTOKINES.

Reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileoanal pouches. (1/670)

OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review was performed to determine the results after surgical reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileal pouch-anal procedures for ulcerative colitis and familial colonic polyposis at a university medical center. METHODS: During the 20-year period from 1978 to 1998, 601 patients underwent colectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis, familial colonic polyposis, or Hirschsprung's disease. A J pouch was used for 351 patients, a lateral pouch for 221, an S pouch for 6, and a straight pull-through for 23. Acute complications after pouch construction have been detailed in previous publications and are not included in this study. Chronic pouch stasis with diarrhea, frequency, urgency, and soiling gradually became more severe in 164 patients (27.3%), associated with pouch enlargement, an elongated efferent limb, and obstruction to pouch outflow, largely related to the pouch configuration used during the authors' early clinical experience. These patients were sufficiently symptomatic to be considered for reconstruction (mean 68 months after IPAA). Transanal resection of an elongated IPAA spout was performed on 58 patients; abdominoperineal mobilization of the pouch with resection and tapering of the lower end (AP reconstruction) and ileoanal anastomosis on 83; pouch removal and new pouch construction on 7; and conversion of a straight pull-through to a pouch on 16. RESULTS: Good long-term results (mean 7.7 years) with improvement in symptoms occurred in 98% of transanal resections, 91.5% of AP reconstructions, 86% of new pouch constructions, and 100% of conversions of a straight pull-through to a pouch. The average number of bowel movements per 24 hours at 6 months was 4.8. Complications occurred in 11.6% of reconstructed patients. Five of the 164 patients (3.1%) required eventual pouch removal and permanent ileostomy. The high rate of pouch revision in this series of patients undergoing IPAA is due to a policy of aggressive correction when patients do not experience an optimal functional result, or have a progressive worsening of their status. CONCLUSIONS: Although occasionally a major undertaking, reconstruction of ileoanal pouches with progressive dysfunction due to large size or a long efferent limb has resulted in marked improvement in intestinal function in >93% of patients and has reduced the need for late pouch removal.  (+info)

The pathophysiology of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex disease in AIDS. (2/670)

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) organisms cause disseminated disease in patients with AIDS. The organisms penetrate the gastrointestinal mucosa by unknown mechanisms and are phagocytosed by macrophages in the lamina propria. These cells cannot kill the organisms, and MAC spreads through the submucosal tissue. Lymphatic drainage transports mycobacteria to abdominal lymph nodes, from which the organisms enter the bloodstream. Hematogenous spread can occur to many sites, but spleen, bone marrow, and liver are the most common. Tissue destruction is rare, and most signs and symptoms of MAC disease are due to elaboration of cytokines. MAC is rarely the direct cause of death but increases the risk for superinfection; death may result from malnutrition or other infections.  (+info)

Psoas abscesses complicating colonic disease: imaging and therapy. (3/670)

Most surgeons think of psoas abscesses as a very rare condition related to tuberculosis of the spine, but in contemporary surgical practice they are more usually a complication of gastrointestinal disease. A case note study was undertaken on all patients treated for psoas abscess at two large hospitals in the mid-Trent region over a 2-year period. All seven patients presented with pyrexia, psoas spasm, a tender mass and leucocytosis. The diagnosis was made on abdominal radiographs in one patient, CT scan in three, MRI in two, and ultrasound in one. Aetiological factors included Crohn's disease in three, appendicitis in two, and sigmoid diverticulitis and metastatic colorectal carcinoma in one each. Six patients underwent transabdominal resection of the diseased bowel, retroperitoneal debridement and external drainage of the abscess cavity. Percutaneous drainage was performed in one. Two patients had more than one surgical exploration for complications. There were no deaths and the hospital stay ranged from 8-152 days. Psoas abscess can be a difficult and protracted problem. Bowel resection, thorough debridement, external drainage and concomitant antibiotics are essential for psoas abscesses complicating gastrointestinal disease. Defunctioning stomas may be necessary. However, in some cases a multidisciplinary approach may be required, as psoas abscesses can involve bone and joints.  (+info)

The colonic mesenteric margin is most susceptible to injury in an experimental model of colonic ulceration. (4/670)

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease ileal ulcers and indomethacin-induced jejunal ulceration in the rat tend to occur in the mucosa nearest to the mesentery (mesenteric margin), an area of the bowel wall that has a critical blood supply. Mercuric chloride induces caecal and colonic ulceration in the Brown Norway rat. AIM: To examine whether the mesenteric margin is more sensitive to injury by a substance known to be vasculotoxic in the caecum and colon. METHODS: Brown Norway rats received a single subcutaneous dose of either mercuric chloride 1 mg/kg or saline. The gastrointestinal tract was examined macro- and microscopically for lesions 48 h later. The vascular anatomy of the normal rat colon and caecum was also examined using the carbon ink perfusion technique. RESULTS: Mercuric chloride induced caecal and colonic ulceration preferentially along the mesenteric margin of the bowel wall. Histologically, the lesions showed mucosal necrosis and neutrophil infiltration. There was also extensive vascular degeneration/necrosis with microaneurysm formation and extensive submucosal haemorrhage. Cellular infiltration of the vasculature was not a feature. The caecal and colonic mesenteric margins in control rats were supplied by small end arteries. CONCLUSIONS: The colonic and caecal mesenteric margins are susceptible to injury by mercuric chloride, a chemical known to induce haemorrhagic vasculopathy in the rat gastrointestinal tract. The large bowel mesenteric margin may be susceptible to injury by mercuric chloride because of the critical blood supply to that side of the bowel wall.  (+info)

Chemoprevention of colonic aberrant crypt foci by an inducible nitric oxide synthase-selective inhibitor. (5/670)

Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is overexpressed in colonic tumors of humans and also in rats treated with a colon carcinogen. iNOS appear to regulate cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and production of proinflammatory prostaglandins, which are known to play a key role in colon tumor development. Experiments were designed to study the inhibitory effects of S,S'-1,4-phenylene-bis(1,2-ethanediyl)bis-isothiourea (PBIT) a selective iNOS-specific inhibitor, measured against formation of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF). Beginning at 5 weeks of age, male F344 rats were fed experimental diets containing 0 or 50 p.p.m. of PBIT, or 2000 p.p.m. of curcumin (non-specific iNOS inhibitor). One week later, rats were injected s.c. with AOM (15 mg/kg body wt, once weekly for 2 weeks). At 17 weeks of age, all rats were killed, colons were evaluated for ACF formation and colonic mucosa was assayed for isoforms of COX and NOS activities. Both COX and iNOS activities in colonic mucosa of the AOM-treated rats were significantly induced. Importantly, 50 p.p.m. PBIT suppressed AOM-induced colonic ACF formation to 58% (P < 0.0001) and crypt multiplicity containing four or more crypts per focus to 78% (P < 0.0001); it also suppressed AOM-induced iNOS activity. Curcumin inhibited colonic ACF formation by 45% (P < 0.001). These observations suggest that iNOS may play a key regulatory role in colon carcinogenesis. Developing iNOS-specific inhibitors may provide a selective and safe chemopreventive strategy for colon cancer treatment.  (+info)

Dietary n-3 PUFA increases the apoptotic response to 1,2-dimethylhydrazine, reduces mitosis and suppresses the induction of carcinogenesis in the rat colon. (6/670)

The effect of dietary fish oil on colonic crypt cell apoptosis and proliferation was examined in male Wistar rats, 24 and 48 h after administration of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), and its influence on the induction of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in the distal colon was assessed. Rats (125-150 g) fed a high-fat semi-synthetic diet containing corn oil (CO) were given DMH (30 mg/kg body wt) or a sham injection of EDTA/NaCl. Animals were then fed either the CO diet or a diet in which fish oil (EPA 18.7%; DHA 8%) was substituted for corn oil. Subgroups of rats (n = 5) were killed after 24 and 48 h, and crypt cell apoptosis and proliferation were quantified by morphological criteria in isolated intact crypts from the mid and distal colon. Consumption of the fish oil diet (FO) was associated with increased apoptotic cell death (P < 0.001) and suppression of proliferation (P < 0.05) in colonic crypts both 24 and 48 h after DMH. In a second experiment, animals were given three injections of DMH or sham injections of carrier at weekly intervals. For 48 h after each injection animals were fed either the CO or FO diet, but otherwise maintained on the CO throughout. The number and crypt multiplicity of ACF in the distal colon were determined after 18 weeks, and animals given the FO diet for the 48 h period following carcinogen administration were found to have significantly fewer ACF than rats fed the CO diet (P < 0.05). The data demonstrate that the fatty acid composition of the diet is an important determinant in the induction of carcinogenesis by DMH. The proliferative and apoptotic response of the colonic crypt to carcinogen and fish oil, coupled with the reduced incidence of ACF, suggest n-3 PUFA can protect against the carcinogenic effects of DMH by mediating changes in the balance proliferation and cell death.  (+info)

Laparoscopic-assisted colectomy: a comparison of dissection techniques. (7/670)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mobilization of the colon and dissection of the mesentery are difficult laparoscopic techniques. Traditional methods have been used for this dissection, but often with great difficulty. The ultrasonically activated shears, when introduced in 1993, had the possibility to make this dissection less technically difficult. This is a retrospective review of the use of these shears for these techniques during laparoscopic-assisted colectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients underwent a laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy or sigmoid resection. Colon mobilization and mesenteric dissection were completed intracorporeally. Complications, operative time, estimated blood loss, and length of stay were compared for resections completed with and without the ultrasonically activated shears. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients had laparoscopic-assisted colectomy without the shears, and 49 patients had the procedure with the shears. There were no complications due to the ultrasonic energy. Use of the shears resulted in shorter operative times (170 min. vs. 187 min., p=0.1989), similar median blood loss (98 mL vs. 95 mL, p=0.7620), and shorter lengths of stay (4.3 days vs. 6.9 days, p=0.0018). CONCLUSIONS: The ultrasonically activated shears are safe and effective for colon mobilization and mesenteric division. The use of the shears may result in shorter operative times and shorter lengths of stay.  (+info)

Laparoscopic colon surgery for benign disease: a comparison to open surgery. (8/670)

BACKGROUNDS AND OBJECTIVES: There remains a debate in the literature about the advisability of laparoscopic surgery for malignant disease of the colon. Current prospective studies will hopefully answer this question. However, for benign diseases of the colon, we believe laparoscopic surgery offers many advantages including decreased postoperative pain, early discharge from the hospital, and early return to normal activities. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with laparoscopic colectomies for benign disease to see whether these procedures could be done safely and if the proposed advantages could be realized. METHODS: Thirty-eight laparoscopic colon resections performed for benign disease were compared to 39 open colon resections with respect to operating times, length of hospital stay, estimated blood loss, days until first postoperative bowel movement, and complications. RESULTS: The laparoscopic colon resection group had decreased length of stay, less blood loss, earlier return of bowel function, and an equivalent number of complications. Laparoscopic cases did take an average of 24 minutes longer. CONCLUSION: The use of laparoscopic colon surgery for benign disease not only affords the patient the advantage of the laparoscopic approach, but also allows the surgeon to gain experience while awaiting the results of ongoing trials for laparoscopic colon surgery in malignant disease.  (+info)

Finden Sie alle Bücher von McKean, John R. - Colonic Diseases. Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum Bestpreis bestellen. 0896039617
Colonic strictures can be long (|10 cm) or short. Short scirrhous colorectal carcinoma (apple core sign) post surgical (anastamotic stricture) Long malignancy scirrhous colorectal carcinoma gastrointestinal lymphoma inflammatory bowel dis...
Objectives. To characterise mucins in cancer of the colon and compare these with controls using stringent biochemical measures to avoid endogenous proteolysis. Design. Crude mucus scrapings were collected from 12 specimens obtained by colectomy. Specimens from 3 traumatic colectomies and 1 sigmoid volvulus were used as controls, and compared with 6 specimens from colons resected for adenocarcinoma and 2 irradiated colons. Subjects. The median age of the 4 female patients was 76 years (range 49 - 82 years), and of the 8 male patients 46.5 years (range 16 - 74 years). Results and conclusions. The crude mucus scrapings in the 9 specimens ranged in weight from 353 mg to 7 697 mg (median 4 928 mg). The median of purified mucin in the 9 specimens was 0.72 mg/mg wet weight of scraped material. Eight samples gave non-extractable pellet material, and were treated with DTT to reduce disulphide bonds for further analysis. One of these 8 pellets was resistant to reduction and had to be digested with papain
Dr. Zadeh responded: Depends. The answer to this question really depends on the specific type of |a href=/topics/colonic track_data={
Principal Investigator:NAKASAKI Hisao, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1996, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Digestive surgery
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
The optimal timing of surgery after colonic stenting has not been established. In the European guidelines, the suggested time interval between colonic stenting and surgery is 5-10 days when colonic stenting is used as a bridge to elective surgery in patients with potentially curable left-sided colon cancer [5]. The time interval in the guideline was determined based on a few studies with different qualities. For this reason, the recommendation on the time interval is weak and the level of evidence is low. In a meta-analysis comparing colonic stenting as bridge to surgery and emergency surgery for left-sided colorectal cancer obstruction, surgery was generally performed after a median 10 days after colonic stenting [6]. This study, however, did not aim to determine the optimal time interval between colonic stenting and surgery. Moreover, the median 10 days resulted from statistical analysis of the data from the included studies. A retrospective study concluded that a duration of 7-9 days after ...
Post written by Alberto Arezzo, MD, from the Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Torino, Turin, Italy. Twenty years after the first description of the technique, the debate is still open on the role of self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement as a bridge to elective surgery for symptomatic left-sided malignant colonic obstruction. The focus of…
Mo1626 The Newly Nitinol Conformable Self-Expandable Metal Stents for Malignant Colonic Obstruction: a Pilot Experience As Bridge to Surgery Treatment in a Tertiary Referral ...
Cappell, MS, Batke, M. Mechanical obstruction of the small bowel and colon. Med Clin N Am. vol. 92. 2008. pp. 575-97. Godfrey, EM, Addley, HC, Shaw, AS. The use of computed tomography in the detection and characterisation of large bowel obstruction. N Z Med J. vol. 30. 2009. pp. 57-73. Halabi, WJ, Jafari, MD, Kang, CY. Colonic volvulus in the United States: trends, outcomes, and predictors of mortality. Annals of surgery. vol. 259. 2014. pp. 293-301. Harrison, ME, Anderson, MA, Appalaneni, V. The role of endoscopy in the management of patients with known and suspected colonic obstruction and pseudo-obstruction. Gastrointestinal endoscopy. vol. 71. 2010 Apr 30. pp. 669-79. Lepage-Saucier, M, Tang, A, Billiard, JS, Murphy-Lavallee, J, Lepanto, L. Small and large bowel volvulus: clues to early recognition and complications. Eur J Radiol. vol. 74. 2010. pp. 60-66. Maddah, G, Kazemzadeh, GH, Abdollahi, A. Management of sigmoid volvulus: Options and prognosis. Journal of the College of ...
Colonic perforation is an uncommon cause of acute abdomen in paediatric patients, and can present a diagnostic enigma as well as management challenge to the paediatric surgeon. An adolescent developed multiple colonic perforations following a short course of oral indomethacin, requiring emergency hemicolectomy. This is the youngest known case of enteral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-mediated large bowel injury. We review current evidence on NSAID-related enteropathy, and postulate potentiating mechanisms that may have accounted for the unusually rapid clinical course of our patient.. Keywords: adverse drug reactions, colonic diseases, indomethacin, intestinal perforation, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ...
Ελληνική Γαστροεντερολογική Εταιρία. Annals of Gastroenterology.Τμήμα περιοδικού.Επιστημονικό άρθρο.Άρθρο.2007 . Creators: Pilichos, C., Bourgeon, A., Fotiadis, C., Baque, P, Benchimol, D., Givry, A., Rahili, A., Bernard, JL.Background and Aim: Colonic stenting is a novel and privileged therapeutic option for malignant obstructions of the large bowel, especially as a bridging procedure to elective surgery. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the efficacy of the traditional surgical approach with stent placement in the management of obstructing colorectal tumours. Patients and Methods: Thirty-three patients with malignant colonic obstruction were retrospectively studied. Of them, 17 underwent a diversion colostomy (group I), while 16 were treated with SEMS (group II). Early outcome, late outcome and duration of hospitalisation were evaluated. For statistical analysis chi-square and Student.s t-test were used
Laparoscopic colon surgery is a technique performed for colon cancer treatment. Laparoscopic colon resection surgery allows a high success rate (over 95%) for even the most complicated patients.
Dr. Avinash Tank is an experienced laparoscopic colon surgeon in Ahmedabad, India provides laparoscopic colon surgery for disease like Ulcerative colitis and colon rectum tumor.
Protocol. van Hooft JE, Bemelman WA, Breumelhof R, Siersema PD, Kruyt PM, van der Linde K, Veenendaal RA, Verhulst ML, Marinelli AW, Gerritsen JJ, van Berkel AM, Timmer R, Grubben MJ, Scholten P, Geraedts AA, Oldenburg B, Sprangers MA, Bossuyt PM, Fockens P, Colonic stenting as bridge to surgery versus emergency surgery for management of acute left-sided malignant colonic obstruction: a multicenter randomized trial (Stent-in 2 study)., BMC Surg, 2007, 7, 12, doi: 10.1186/1471-2482-7-12.. ...
Functional Colonic Diseases: Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
Experts available for colonic disease consulting, expert witness, or analyst services for business, legal, and technical professionals.
BOSTON-A new electrosurgical tool that seals blood vessels without staples or vascular clips is safe and effective for laparoscopic colon surgery, according to a study reported at the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS) annual meeting. 1
were compared by means of χ2 or Fishers exact test. The In addition, interim analysis recorded no difference in the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, with primary outcome of the study, which was global health sta-tus. Details of the study design and short-term outcomes comparison between stent and emergency surgery groups have been published previously6. Patients randomized to using the log rank test. In addition, a subanalysis was per- emergency surgery underwent resection of the primary formed of all patients who had a stent-related perfora- tumour, with either primary anastomosis, temporary stoma tion within the stent group. Inclusion in this subgroup was or definitive stoma, at the discretion of the surgeon. Those based on the presence of tumour perforation on patholog- randomized to stent placement received either an enteral ical examination; this included both clinical and subclini- Wallstent™ (diameter 22 mm; Boston Scientific, Marlbor- cal perforations. Estimated ...
Colorectal disease screen. Easy to read results. One step rapid test. Results in 5 minutes. Clean and easy. FDA cleared. Colorectal Disease: Colorectal disease, specifically colon cancer, is one of the leading causes of cancer death among men and women combined. About 1 in 20 Americans be diagnosed with colorectal disease during their lifetime. The colon cancer check iFOBT can help detect signs of colorectal disease, enabling you and your doctor to take immediate action. Contact your doctor in the event of a preliminary positive result. Annual testing is recommended after the age of 50. safe private fast. The colon cancer check iFOBT test detects blood in the stool. This test is a clean and easy way to see potential warning signs for colon cancer which is the one of the most deadly forms of cancer to both men and women. Contents: Test device. Collection vial. Collection paper. Procedure card. Questions about the testing? Contact us at (724)-515-2637. Help Line (724) 515-2637. Pleas ...
Question - Diagnosed with cancer. Underwent colon surgery. Started vomiting. Normal?. Ask a Doctor about Colon surgery, Ask an Oncologist
Laparoscopic colon resection allows surgeons to perform many common colon procedures. Patients may return to normal activities quicker than open surgery.
Colorectal (Colon) Cancer Colon surgery (colectomy or hemicolectomy) Procedure or Surgery chris4yes - WhatNext.com - Colon resection went well but showed metasteses to liver, lymphs, pelvis, hip and spine. Surgery was immediate and expedience was absolutely shocking
Introduction:. First reported in 1991, laparoscopic assisted colectomy is increasingly practised world-wide. Abundant evidence exists in the literature suggesting laparoscopic assisted colectomy, when compared with its open counterpart, is associated with more favourable short-term outcomes, better cosmesis, and better patients satisfaction. Moreover, recent reports from large-scale randomized trials support the use of this minimally invasive technique in the treatment of colorectal cancer, a malignant condition common in many parts of the world. However, around 8-29% of patients with colorectal cancer present as acute large bowel obstruction, a condition used to be considered as a contraindication to laparoscopic surgery due to poor exposure and potential hazard of injury to the distended bowel. Thus, most cases of malignant large bowel obstruction mandate an emergency open surgery to relieve the obstruction and resect the tumour, with many patients, especially those with obstructing ...
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Dr. Mayank Madan is Best Surgeon for Laparoscopic Colon Surgery in Gurgaon, Delhi NCR India. The colon is the large intestine, lower part of digestive tract
Advances in minimally-invasive robotic surgical procedures and colon cancer screening can help patients face colorectal diseases.
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Bowel movements after colon resection - My wife had a right colon resection a little over a week ago and when she has a bowel movement she has no sensation off the need. Is this normal? Loose. It is common to have loose stool after a colon resection, but watery diarrhea and stool incontinence is not typical. See your doctor about this issue, and to rule out an infection in your colon.
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Boston Bruins center David Backes missed the first five games of the season, returned for five and then exited the lineup to have colon surgery. The veteran forward remains sidelined, but he returned to practice this week wearing a non-contact jersey.
Bob Coats, or as many of you know him as Los Bobbys of The Belairs Rock and Soul Ban… Janice Coats needs your support for Bobby Coats Fund for Colon Surgery
An optical navigation system was adapted for abdominal surgical purposes, The feasibility and potential usefulness was investigated in 24 patients with a colorectal tumor or diverticulitis. The information from a preoperative CT scan was integrated in the real time live video images. Instruments were marked and identifiable during the navigation. All patients underwent a laparoscopic colorectal resection.. The feasibility of the system was established. The accuracy of finding the tumor [21 patients]was evaluated, as well as the identification of the tumot borsers,the optimal placement of the trocarts, the accuracy of localization of the ureters [19 patients], the accuracy of localization of arterial vessels supplying the bowel, and the number of conversions and positive margins. The feeling of safety of the surgeon was evaluated during the procedure.. The feasibility of the system was established, and the images were accurate within a 0,5 cm. All 21 tumors were accurately foung by navigation. ...
Gastrocolic \Gas`tro*colic\, a. [Gastro- + colic.] (Anat.) Pertaining to both the stomach and the colon; as, the gastrocolic, or great, omentum. [1913 Webster]
Plain films are often that first studies ordered to evaluate for SBO. The hallmark of obstruction on plain films (obviously) is dilated loops of bowel. To distinguish SBO from large bowel obstruction, the dilated loops are usually centrally located with valvulae conniventes present. On supine images, SBO often demonstrates a stepladder pattern of dilated loops of bowel that appear to be stacked on one another. Variable amount of gas is seen in the colon depending on the severity and duration of obstruction. A gasless abdomen can also be seen if distended loops are fluid-filled. Erect or lateral decubitus films demonstrate air-fluid levels. If the loops are predominantly filled with fluid, a string of pearls can be seen, representing small collections of air trapped between valvulae. ...
In adults, frequently the surgical intervention and the treatment of the causative lesion are required. In malignant large bowel obstruction, endoscopically placed self-expanding metal stents may be used to temporarily relieve the obstruction as a bridge to surgery, or as palliation. ...
In the last decades increasing evidence indicated a crucial role of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling in development of midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons. Recently dysregulation of this pathway has been proposed as a novel pathomechanism leading to Parkinsons disease (PD) and some of the molecules participating to the signaling have been evaluated as potential therapeutic targets for PD. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a cardiac-derived hormone having a critical role in cardiovascular homeostasis. ANP and its receptors (NPRs) are widely expressed in mammalian central nervous system (CNS) where they could be implicated in the regulation of neural development, synaptic transmission and information processing, as well as in neuroprotection ...
MY HUSBAND HAD HIS COLON REMOVED THREE YEARS AGO BECAUSE OF DIVERTICULITS. HE HAS FREQUENT BOWEL MOVEMENTS AND CONSQUENTLY GETS VERY LITTLE SLEEP. HE TALES LEMOTIL AND HAS TRIED METAMUSIL AND OTHER THI...
Hi everyone,. Just got back from NY. Met with oncologist and surgeon. Since I have had a great response to the vectibix, the docs want to proceed with surgery. I never had the original colon site removed as I was so sick and the liver so full of tumors. I now have 4 small lesions in the liver, and the colon according to the scans has been clear for almost 2 years. (I was diagnosed stage IV metastatic colon cancer, mets to liver in 12/08).. The surgery involves removing the diseased part of the colon, no colostomy. I am told they should be able to reconnect me right there, and then do the RFA to the liver lesions. Doctor says I should be in the hospital for about 6-7 days.. I am excited to have come this far as I was always told that due to the amount of lesions in my liver, there wasnt anything surgically available to me. All my blood work, liver functions, enzymes are always good. CEA is down to 4.8 Originally was 2800, had gotten as low as 2.1 then crept back up to 23, but now down to 4.8. ...
By default, all articles on GreenMedInfo.com are sorted based on the content type which best reflects the data which most users are searching for. For instance, people viewing substances are generally most interested in viewing diseases that these substances have shown to have positive influences. This section is for allowing more advanced sorting methods. Currently, these advanced sorting methods are available for members only. If you are already a member, you can sign in by clicking here. If you do not currently have a user account, and would like to create one/become a member, click here to begin the singup process ...
The Open ( Traditional ) technique is still the gold standard to which the other techniques are measured. It is still needed in many situatuations, because curing the disease is the priority, and if open technique gives the patient better results in terms of cure, then this will be the best treatment option that should be selected.
In diverse, practice-based settings, patients with nonspecific abdominal symptoms who are referred for colonoscopy do not have a higher risk of serious colonic pathology than asymptomatic patients.
Colectomy is a colon surgery, in which total or partial removal of the colon is performed. See clinics performing colectomy, learn and compare costs abroad.
Feeling pretty good and getting back to the gym after colitis related colon surgery and figuring out life with a stoma before the final j-pouch procedures.
Feeling pretty good and getting back to the gym after colitis related colon surgery and figuring out life with a stoma before the final j-pouch procedures.
Why would my daughters operation go ahead without the mandatory anti-biotic prophylaxis? Why did my daughter not receive the colon cleansing required for colon surgery? Why did my daughter remain on a liquid diet for eight days and be only receiving 687 calories per day, with no nutritional supplement?-this is a starvation diet! Should below […]. Read More → ...
Savasana (Corpse Pose) This compression will aid elimination by stimulating the transverse colon. Savasana calms the nervous system. Relaxing in ...
Robotic surgery offers benefits to both patient and surgeon by allowing smaller incisions and faster recovery time, to better accuracy, flexibility and control. Many procedures which had previously been conducted with laparoscopy, or open surgery, are becoming further improved upon in robotic surgery. This video demonstrates two such procedures, from different specialities, being performed; the low anterior resection and colovesical fistula repair. DOI#: http://dx.doi.org/10.17797/f1frvag53q
Intestinal pathogenes are often involved in postoperative complications after colon surgery. Probiotic bacteria, i e live bacteria which have beneficial effects on the host when ingested, have been shown to reduce bacterial translocation in animal studies. However, in humans studies results have varied. The purpose with this study was to find whether high doses of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v affects the potentially pathogenic microflora of the gut, bacterial translocation and cell proliferation in patients undergoing planned colon surgery ...
Mechanical obstruction results in the dilatation of the proximal large bowel, leading to an increase in intraluminal pressure. Initially, this causes reduced mesenteric venous outflow and mucosal oedema, causing the transudative loss of fluids and electrolytes into the proximal bowel lumen. This causes severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. The bowel wall progressively becomes ischaemic as arterial blood supply becomes compromised with further oedema and mucosal ulceration, predisposing to bacterial translocation and septic complications. The ischaemic bowel wall is also prone to perforation that results in faecal peritonitis.. Sigmoid or caecal volvulus occurs due to the rotation of the colonic segment on its mesentery. Following a complete 360-degree twist, closed loop obstruction occurs.. Closed loop obstruction also occurs in the presence of a distal obstruction with a patent ileo-caecal valve (ie. competent valve). This further increases the intraluminal pressure and causes caecal ...
Adult large bowel obstruction is an infrequent cause of acute obstruction. In Africa and India it is caused commonly by sigmoid volvulus [1]. In developing countries tuberculous stricture may also be a likely cause [2]. Transverse colon obstruction is relatively uncommon. Carcinoma of the transverse colon accounts for 10 % of all colorectal cancer [3]. When an obstructive lesion is seen in an adult, ruling out malignancy is of top priority but the biopsy gives the surprise. Such a case is reported. Case. 42 years old lady had presented with abdominal fullness and discomfort of 15 days duration. She was passing flatus infrequently and passing small quantity of stool daily. But in the last 2 days before her presentation she was neither passing flatus nor stool. She did not give any history of similar complaints or of undergoing any surgery in the past. There was no history of definite pain or fever. She was having her period regularly. On examination she was in good general health. There was mild ...
Details of the image Delayed perforation of colonic stent for malignant large bowel obstruction Modality: CT (C+ portal venous phase)
TY - JOUR. T1 - Laparoscopic Colon Resection for Cancer. AU - Stocchi, Luca. AU - Nelson, Heidi. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - LAC has become an acceptable alternative in the treatment of colon carcinoma. New data should elucidate better the potential advantages in postoperative recovery, QOL, and cost reduction. Appropriate credentialing for LAC remains essential for widespread application of LAC while preserving patient safety.. AB - LAC has become an acceptable alternative in the treatment of colon carcinoma. New data should elucidate better the potential advantages in postoperative recovery, QOL, and cost reduction. Appropriate credentialing for LAC remains essential for widespread application of LAC while preserving patient safety.. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33750477317&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33750477317&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/j.yasu.2006.05.004. DO - 10.1016/j.yasu.2006.05.004. M3 - Review article. C2 - ...
We would like to present two patients with triple localized, synchronous colon tumors who underwent emergency operations for obstruction. The second and third localizations were discovered during the operation.
PubMed journal article: Expression of apoptosis-related proteins in peritoneal, ovarian and colorectal endometriosis. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Endoscopic features of melanosis coli. The ascending colon (a) and descending colon (b) of patient no. 8, and the transverse colon of patient no. 13 before (c)
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Do other variables add value to assessment of the risk of colorectal disease using faecal immunochemical tests for haemoglobin?. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
What happens to you body after colon surgery - After Surgery: MedlinePlus. Bowtrol is formulated to maximize ones elimination without causing loose stools or uncomfortable cramping.
The descriptions for this measure come from source: www.leapfroggroup.org.. To prevent infections after major colon surgery, hospital staff should use appropriate antibiotics before surgery, clean the surgical site with special antiseptics, and closely monitor patients during and after the surgery. Surgical site infections can be very serious, and may spread throughout the body. A patient with this type of infection often faces a long recovery in the ICU. Some people even die from the infection.. ...
Laparoscopic colon cancer surgery. Surgeon preparing to insert an laparoscopic probe into a patients abdomen during a procedure to remove a carcinoma of the colon. The probe, which has a light to illuminate the view for the camera, will be inserted through the trocar in the patients abdomen. Laparoscopy (key hole surgery) is a type of minimally invasive surgery that can be conducted through very small incisions unlike conventional surgical procedures. - Stock Image C005/6507
MODEL RELEASED. Laparoscopic colon cancer surgery. Surgeon making the initial incision in a patients abdomen during a procedure to remove a carcinoma of the colon. Laparoscopy (key hole surgery) is a type of minimally invasive surgery that can be conducted through very small incisions unlike conventional surgical procedures. - Stock Image C005/6505
Aim: To define the endoscopic features and distribution of colonic tuberculosis (CTB) and Crohns disease (CD) for early diagnosis. Methods: All..
Сравнительный анализ лечения больных с острой обтурационной толстокишечной непроходимостью опухолевого генеза
Colon resection for crohns disease - Terminal Ileum - Colon Resection Surgery - Crohns Disease.... Bowtrol is formulated to maximize ones elimination without causing loose stools or uncomfortable cramping.
Intestinal obstruction is a common surgical condition. It may be small bowel or large bowel obstruction. Small gut volvulus is rare in adults and usually presents with acute intestinal obstruction. We here report two cases with primary small bowel volvulus who presented with acute intestinal obstruction. The gangrenous gut was resected and end to end anastomosis done at laparotomy.. ...
The objective of this registry is to compile clinical data on the use of the Evolution® Colonic Stent System for the palliative treatment of colonic ob
What a horrible experience you have been through. I always thought the surgery would fix the problem but not cause so many others. I wonder if the same problems are possible with laparoscopic colon resection surgery. Was that an option for you? They say there are some advantages over open surgery. My husband had one of the best surgeons in our town. I guess you hit the nail on the head when you said luck and the patients own body reactions to surgery play a big role. My husbands intestines apparently were angry with the intrusion and it took a long time for them to wake up. The doctor kept saying it takes time and patience - easier said than done. It took ten days for the doctor to decide to go ahead with the second surgery. The waiting was unbelievable.. I hope all of your health problems are now behind you and you are living a good life. ...
A 32-year-old Japanese woman with a 14-month history of ulcerative colitis (UC), pancolitis type, was referred to our institution, because of abdominal distention. Plain abdominal X-ray and computed t
Colon, rectal and anal diseases can range from benign anal fissures to colon cancer. NorthShores colorectal surgeons deliver exceptional care for a variety of conditions using the latest technologies. The majority of our colon surgery cases are performed with minimally invasive techniques. Our longstanding reputation for excellence has made us one of the leaders in Illinois for the high number of colon surgeries we perform using laparoscopic and/or robotic surgical approaches.. Patients needing a colorectal surgeon may suffer from a wide array of ailments, including:. ...
Laparoscopic operating techniques are gaining wider acceptance among colorectal surgeons, as their efficacy is proven. These techniques offer patients the advantages of fewer complications, decreased need for postoperative narcotics, faster 1
After certain types of surgery, the colon and rectum may need to be kept clear of stool while they heal. In other cases, the rectum has been removed or cant be reconnected to the rest of the colon. In either case, a colostomy is needed. This creates a new opening in the belly so waste can leave the body. You may need the new opening for a short time, or permanently. If you had a colostomy during colorectal surgery, your healthcare providers will help you learn how to care for it.. ...
Stay connected with the UH Now app. With this mobile app, you can find a doctor and find a location. In addition, you can log into your UH Personal Health Record and schedule an appointment. UH Now also allows you to explore health topics that are important to you. Take charge of your health by downloading UH Now today, and get health information delivered right to your fingertips.. Learn More. ...
I need help on this colonoscopy. This lady has had a colon resection d/t invasive adenocarcinoma, leaving her with essentially just the rectum and the
Cardamom cloves are considered to be the queen of spices. Cardamom is used for mental strength and relieves tension. Cardamom health benefits are immense and it has medicinal properties too. Cardamom are used for treating heart burns and digestive trouble
Given the noted possible causes, treatment has centered around the causes. Steroids and aspirin-based medications are potent anti-inflammatory medications. While they do not cure ulcerative colitis, they certainly can blunt the symptoms and put the disease into remission. Next biologic agents, based on TNF inhibitors (tumor necrosis factor), are thought to destroy the agents responsible for causing the disease. Finally, immunomodulators and chemotherapeutic drugs also play a role in the treatment. There are many experimental agents in different stages of evaluation. When all medications have failed, surgical intervention is needed. This is the point at which the colon and rectal surgeon can be of most help.. ...
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Drinking coffee instead of water may restore normal bowel function more quickly among people who have had surgery to remove part of their colon, a new study sug
A woman recently won a lawsuit in North Carolina over complications that arose during surgery to remove segments of her colon. The woman s
Provides a scientifically advanced blend of ingredients that work synergistically to maintain your horses digestive tract in peak condition. Horses with a healthy GI tract digest their feed more effectively so they absorb additional nutrients. They are less likely to suffer from digestive upsets, and perform better and feel great every day. Supports a healthy equine GI tract, which reduces the incidence of colonic irritation and ulcers; colic and laminitis related to hindgut acidosis; diarrhea; gastric ulcers; low immunity; oxidative stress, and cell membrane damage ...
Neigh-Lox Advanced supports a healthy equine GI tract, which reduces the incidence of: Colonic irritation and ulcers, Colic and laminitis related to hindgut acidosis, diarrhea, gastric ulcers, low immunity, oxidative stress and cell membrane ...
Browse our extensive catalog of new & used Colonoscope Equipment for sale or auction. Find any required new, refurbished or used Colonoscope Equipment or device.
Browse our extensive catalog of new & used Colonoscope Equipment for sale or auction. Find any required new, refurbished or used Colonoscope Equipment or device.
Surgical Procedures of Colectomy on orangecountysurgeons.org During a colectomy, the colon is surgically removed. Also Known As: Colon removal Colon surgery Large intestine surgery Large intestine removal
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We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time.Find out more ...
The ICD-10 Code C18.2 is the code used for Malignant neoplasm of ascending colon .An alternative description for this code is Malignant neoplasm of ascending ...
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
Case 1: Mr. Jones is a 51-year-old male who comes to your office for a screening colonoscopy. He tells you that he had a friend who had a colon perforation from a colonoscopy and he is reluctant to undergo one himself. He has heard that there is a new blood test for colon cancer and asks you why he cant have this instead. You do a quick search for this test and learn that it has low sensitivity but high specificity. ...
Several factors may influence the development of the disease, such as local colonic ischemia, fecal stasis, or mucosal prolapse ... "Diverticular disease associated with inflammatory bowel disease-like colitis: a systematic review". Diseases of the Colon and ... Sladen, GE; Filipe, MI (August 1984). "Is segmental colitis a complication of diverticular disease?". Diseases of the Colon and ... is it the coexistence of colonic diverticulosis and inflammatory bowel disease?". Annals of Gastroenterology. 30 (3): 257-261. ...
Ulcerative colitis involves the colonic mucosa. Crohn's disease may produce inflammation in all layers in any part of the ... It can be due to infections or other conditions, including coeliac disease, and inflammatory bowel disease affects the layers ... Segmental or diffuse gastrointestinal wall thickening is most often due to ischemic, inflammatory or infectious disease. ...
... a greater number than those with inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. New agents have been ... is important as many cancer survivors of radiation therapy develop other causes for their symptoms such as colonic polyps, ... Min M, Chua B, Guttner Y, Abraham N, Aherne NJ, Hoffmann M, McKay MJ, Shakespeare TP (2014). "Is "pelvic radiation disease" ... Stacey R, Green JT (2014). "Radiation-induced small bowel disease: latest developments and clinical guidance". Ther Adv Chronic ...
... , specifically colonic diverticulitis, is a gastrointestinal disease characterized by inflammation of abnormal ... Pemberton, John H (16 June 2016). "Colonic diverticulosis and diverticular disease: Epidemiology, risk factors, and ... It is the most frequent anatomic disease of the colon. Costs associated with diverticular disease were around US $2.4 billion a ... Right-sided diverticula are micro-hernias of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through the colonic muscular layer where blood ...
"The Quality of Colonic Flatus Excreted by the 'Normal' Individual." American Journal of Digestive Diseases 8 (4): 128-132 (1941 ...
... cancer Angiodysplasia Bleeding from a site where a colonic polyp was removed Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease ... The presence of fresh blood in the terminal ileum is presumed to indicate a non colonic source of bleeding. The overall ... The following are possible causes of a LGIB: Diverticular disease - diverticulosis, diverticulitis Colitis Ischaemic colitis ... bloody diarrhea and tenesmus is associated with inflammatory bowel disease while bloody diarrhea with fever and abdominal pain ...
... leading to defective colonic motility and severe chronic constipation (Hirschsprung disease). Thompson and Thompson, Medical ... can cause dominantly inherited failure of development of colonic ganglia, ...
"Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of colonic diverticular disease". Literature review.. *^ Stefánsson T, Ekbom A, Sparèn P ... Cleave TL 1974 The Saccharine disease Wright Bristol *^ Painter NS (1975) Diverticular disease of the colon. Heinemann Medical ... Comparato G, Pilotto A, Franzè A, Franceschi M, Di Mario F (2007). "Diverticular disease in the elderly". Digestive Diseases. ... "Colonic diverticular disease: medical treatments for acute diverticulitis". BMJ Clinical Evidence. 2011. PMC 3275154. PMID ...
Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may cause colonic obstruction. The obstruction may be acute or chronic after years of ... Intestinal malrotation, enlarged colon, Hirschsprung disease, pregnancy, abdominal adhesions, chronic constipation[1][3]. ... Risk factors include a birth defect known as intestinal malrotation, an enlarged colon, Hirschsprung disease, pregnancy, and ... Wilkins, Lippincott Williams & (2009). Professional Guide to Diseases. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 283. ISBN ...
If the serous membrane is involved, a colonic perforation may ensue. Without treatment, fulminant disease may be life ... disease course, and the impact of the disease on day-to-day life.[17] Mild disease correlates with fewer than four stools daily ... Severity of disease[edit]. In addition to the extent of involvement, UC is also characterized by severity of disease.[17] ... The disease is classified by the extent of involvement, depending on how far the disease extends:[14] proctitis (rectal ...
... congenital heart disease, pulmonary hypoplasia, and colonic duplication Since it is enveloped in its own pleural sac, it rarely ... where blood flows in a shortcut through the feed off the aorta Chronic infection with diseases such as Bronchiectasis ...
Colonoscopy is necessary in colonic and ileal disease.. *ERCP will show pancreatic and biliary structural abnormalities. ... OGD to detect duodenal pathology and obtain D2 biopsy (for coeliac disease, tropical sprue, Whipple's disease, ... Barium enema may be undertaken to see colonic or ileal lesions.. *CT abdomen is useful in ruling out structural abnormality, ... Newnham ED (2017). "Coeliac disease in the 21st century: paradigm shifts in the modern age". J Gastroenterol Hepatol (Review). ...
... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut. 51 (1): 37-43. doi:10.1136/gut.51.1.37. PMC ... Dysregulation of TNF production has been implicated in a variety of human diseases including Alzheimer's disease,[6] cancer,[7] ... Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... These concepts were extended to systemic disease in 1981, when Ian A. Clark, from the Australian National University, in ...
... of Epstein-Barr Virus Negative Inflammatory Pseudotumor-like Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma Presenting as a Solitary Colonic ... Chronic autoimmune or inflammatory diseases (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, Graves' disease, Giant-cell arteritis, sarcoidosis, or ... Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative diseases (also termed EBV-associated lymphoproliferative diseases or EBV+ LPD ... 5) Chronic autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Graves' disease, Giant-cell arteritis, ...
Diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made within 5 to 13 years."(Blanchet C, Luton JP. 2002)"This disease should be diagnostically ... colonic tuberculosis misdiagnosed as anorexia nervosa in a physician at the hospital where she worked - "This patient, who had ... Addison's disease is a disorder of the adrenal cortex which results in decreased hormonal production. Addison's disease, even ... and radiologically and histopathologically as Crohn's disease". The Canadian journal of infectious diseases = Journal canadien ...
... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut 51 (1): 37-43. PMC 1773288. PMID 12077089. doi ... Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... "A meta-analysis of cytokines in Alzheimer's disease". Biol Psychiatry 68 (10): 930-941. PMID 20692646. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych. ... "Controversies surrounding the comorbidity of depression and anxiety in inflammatory bowel disease patients: a literature review ...
... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut 51 (1): 37-43. doi:10.1136/gut.51.1.37. ... "A meta-analysis of cytokines in Alzheimer's disease". Biol Psychiatry 68 (10): 930-941. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.06.012. ... "Controversies surrounding the comorbidity of depression and anxiety in inflammatory bowel disease patients: a literature review ... ". Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 13 (2): 225-234. doi:10.1002/ibd.20062. பப்மெட்:17206706. ...
It is used as a potassium binder in acute and chronic kidney disease for people with hyperkalemia (abnormal high blood serum ... In rare cases, it has been associated with colonic necrosis. Changes in electrolyte blood levels such as hypomagnesemia, ... Polystyrene sulfonates should not be used in people with obstructive bowel disease and in newborns with reduced gut motility. A ... Rogers FB, Li SC (August 2001). "Acute colonic necrosis associated with sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) enemas in a ...
It can tell doctors who will respond to immunotherapy and it is able to distinguish different subtypes of disease in asthma and ... Colonic Fermentation Diabetes mellitus is a serious chronic illness that affects how the body uses food, and is a life- ... Breath diagnostics involves the analysis of a sample of human breath to monitor, diagnose, and detect diseases and conditions. ... threatening human disease if left untreated. It affects more than 171 million people worldwide. Diabetes mellitus can be ...
The odor of feces may be increased when various pathologies are present, including: Celiac disease Crohn's disease Ulcerative ... "Failure of activated charcoal to reduce the release of gases produced by the colonic flora". The American Journal of ... Yellow stool can be found in people with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Stool that is pale or grey may be caused by ... This condition can be a symptom of injury, disease or foodborne illness and is usually accompanied by abdominal pain. There are ...
Bacteriology Borrelia Flagellum Lyme disease microbiology Pinta (disease) Prokaryote Treponema pallidum Brevinema andersonii ... Colonic spirochetes: an infrequent cause of adult diarrhea]". Gastroenterol Hepatol (in Spanish). 27 (1): 21-3. doi:10.1016/ ... McBride A, Athanazio D, Reis M, Ko A (2005). "Leptospirosis". Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 18 (5): 376-86. doi: ... Many organisms within the Spirochaetes phylum cause prevalent diseases. Pathogenic members of this phylum include the following ...
... perforated colonic ulcers, ischemic colitis and colonic necrosis, particularly in patients with uremia. Risk factors for ... The sorbitol hydrogen breath test has been suggested as a tool to detect celiac disease because of a strict correlation between ... People with untreated celiac disease often present sorbitol malabsorption, as a result of the small bowel damage. Sorbitol ... and peripheral vascular disease. SPS-sorbitol should therefore be used carefully in the management of hyperkalemia. Ingesting ...
2016 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 62 (4): e1-50. doi:10.1093/cid/civ933 ... There is no evidence to support the use of special cleansing diets and colonic hydrotherapy for prevention.[medical citation ... For severe disease another dose after 3 days may be used. Short-course topical formulations (i.e., single dose and regimens of ... "Vaginal Candidiasis , Fungal Diseases , CDC". www.cdc.gov. 2020-11-10. Retrieved 2021-01-16. Roberts, CL; Algert, CS; Rickard, ...
There are several diseases associated with the descending colon. Among the most common are the inflammatory bowel diseases ( ... are becoming more widespread in the treatment of inflammatory colonic conditions. Diet and lifestyle changes can also be useful ... Cancer of the descending colon is a serious disease. A person can have colon cancer yet have no symptoms in the early stages. ... When a person has Crohn's disease or Crohn's colitis, they have lesions on the tissues of the intestine; this makes it hard for ...
... including Kawasaki disease, Parkinson's disease, Chagas' disease, Hirschsprung's disease, intestinal hypoganglionosis, collagen ... Gastric and colonic pacemakers have been tried. These are strips placed along the colon or stomach which create an electric ... The condition can begin at any age and it can be a primary condition (idiopathic or inherited) or caused by another disease ( ... Hirschsprung's disease: enlargement of the colon due to lack of development of autonomic ganglia. Intestinal neuronal dysplasia ...
Inflammatory bowel disease is less common in the developing world[citation needed]. Some[who?] have suggested that this may be ... Patients with toxic megacolon (colonic dilation > 6 cm and toxic appearing) who do not respond to steroid therapy within 72 ... Unlike Crohn's disease, which cannot be cured/eliminated by surgically removing the diseased portions of the intestine and ... Those with less severe disease but do not respond to IV steroids within 7-10 days should be considered for colectomy or IV ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Other names. British: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD);[1] gastric reflux disease, ... "Testing for refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease" (PDF). Retrieved 20 August 2018.. *^ a b c d e Using the Proton Pump ... Granderath, Frank Alexander; Kamolz, Thomas; Pointner, Rudolph (2006). Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Principles of Disease, ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... "Definition and Facts for Peptic Ulcer Disease". National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Archived from ... "Eating, Diet, and Nutrition for Peptic Ulcer Disease". National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. ... Behcet disease, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, Crohn disease, and liver cirrhosis.[1][3] Older people are more sensitive to the ...
Mouth diseases include tongue diseases and salivary gland diseases. A common gum disease in the mouth is gingivitis which is ... "Simultaneous measurement of gastric emptying, small bowel residence and colonic filling of a solid meal by the use of the ... It can also arise as a result of other gastrointestinal diseases such as coeliac disease. Coeliac disease is an autoimmune ... Crohn's disease is a common chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which can affect any part of the GI tract,[45] but it ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Other than surgery, endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease are typical causes. Surgery inside the uterine cavity (e.g., ... Colvin, HS; Rajab, TK (June 2010). "Adhesion prevention by hydroflotation". Colorectal Disease. 12 (6): 606. doi:10.1111/j.1463 ...
... and IgG4-related disease.[27] There is some evidence that it is ineffective in treating IgA-mediated autoimmune diseases.[28] ... colo-" (colonic tumor). Edrecolomab. Nacolomab tafenatox. Chimeric ("-tuxi-"). *Amatuximab§. *Bavituximab§. *Brentuximab ... Autoimmune diseases[edit]. Rituximab has been shown to be an effective rheumatoid arthritis treatment in three randomised ... Bosch, Xavier; Ramos-Casals, Manuel; Khamashta, Munther A. (2013). Drugs Targeting B-Cells in Autoimmune Diseases. Springer ...
Colorectal Disease. 10 (8): 789-792. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01381.x. PMID 17868406.. ... which may be useful in case of fecal incontinence or neurologic diseases, including traumatic spinal cord injuries; ... acute abdominal symptoms indicating a serious underlying disease). Although a Journal of Emergency Medicine paper concludes: " ...
功能性结肠疾病(英语:Functional colonic disease) *大腸激躁症 ... 食道(英语:Esophageal disease). *食管炎(英语:Esophagitis) *食管念珠菌感染(英语:Esophageal candidiasis) ... 病理/条件源/母体传递(英语:Template:Diseases of maternal transmission), 齐名(英语:Template:Eponymous medical signs for
Functional colonic disease (IBS, Intestinal pseudoobstruction/Ogilvie syndrome) - Megacolon/Toxic megacolon · Diverticulitis/ ... Hepatic veno-occlusive disease, ஈரல் வாயினாள மிகையழுத்தம், Nutmeg liver) · Alcoholic liver disease · Liver failure ( ... இரையக அழற்சி (Atrophic, Ménétrier's disease, இரையகக்குடலிய அழற்சி) · வயிற்றுப் புண் (Cushing ulcer, Dieulafoy's lesion) · ... http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/zollinger-ellison-syndrome/basics/definition/con-20024097. ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Bell's stage 1 (suspected disease): *Mild systemic disease (apnea, lethargy,[7] slowed heart rate, temperature instability) ... Where the disease is not halted through medical treatment alone, or when the bowel perforates, immediate emergency surgery to ... The exact cause is unclear.[1] Risk factors include congenital heart disease, birth asphyxia, exchange transfusion, and ...
Lycopene: Its role in human health and disease, Rao 'et al.'. AGROFood industry hi-tech, juuli/august 2003. Veebiversioon. ... on colonic aberrant crypt foci formation in rats. - Cancer Lett, 1996, kd 107, nr 1, lk 137-142. Resümee. Resümee. ... 42,0 42,1 Journal of the American College of Nutrition: Role of Antioxidant Lycopene in Cancer and Heart Disease ... Unique Tomatoes Tops In Disease-Fighting Antioxidants, medicalnewstoday.com *↑ Ishida BK, Turner C, Chapman MH, McKeon TA. ...
Inflammatory bowel disease[edit]. Probiotics are being studied for their potential to influence inflammatory bowel disease. ... results from an imbalance in the colonic microbiota caused by antibiotic therapy.[78] These microbial community alterations ... Alvarez-Olmos MI, Oberhelman RA (2001). "Probiotic agents and infectious diseases: a modern perspective on a traditional ... Acid Bacteria and Bifidobacteria in the Prevention and Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Other Related Diseases: A ...
Krishnamurthy, Gerbail T.; Krishnamurthy, Shakuntala (31 July 2009). Nuclear Hepatology: A Textbook of Hepatobiliary Diseases. ... In the absence of gallbladder disease, the gallbladder is visualized within 1 hour of the injection of the radioactive tracer. ... The nuclear medicine hepatobiliary scan is clinically useful in the detection of the gallbladder disease. ... "Revised estimates of diagnostic test sensitivity and specificity in suspected biliary tract disease". Arch Intern Med. 154 (22 ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ...
Lycopene: Its role in human health and disease, Rao 'et al.', AGROFood industry hi-tech, July/August 2003 [2] Arquivado 16 de ... on colonic aberrant crypt foci formation in rats". Cancer Lett 107 (1): 137-142. PMID 8913278. doi:10.1016/0304-3835(96)04354-6 ... "Unique Tomatoes Tops In Disease-Fighting Antioxidants". Medical News Today. March 5, 2007. Consultado o 2014-08-19.. ... "Journal of the American College of Nutrition: Role of Antioxidant Lycopene in Cancer and Heart Disease". Arquivado dende o ...
하지만, 장 폐쇄의 증상이 있으면서 물리적인 장 폐쇄는 없는 경우가 있는데 이를 "급성 대장성 거짓폐쇄증" (acute colonic pseudoobstruction), 또는 오길비 증후군 (Ogilvie's syndrome) ... Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus. 8/e. Elsevier Saunders, 2006. ...
Kastan MB (2008). "DNA damage responses: mechanisms and roles in human disease: 2007 G.H.A. Clowes Memorial Award Lecture". Mol ... in one study of colon tumors compared to adjacent normal-appearing colonic mucosa, 1,734 CpG islands were heavily methylated in ...
... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut 51 (1): 37-43. PMC 1773288. PMID 12077089. doi ... Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... "A meta-analysis of cytokines in Alzheimer's disease". Biol Psychiatry 68 (10): 930-941. PMID 20692646. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych. ... "Controversies surrounding the comorbidity of depression and anxiety in inflammatory bowel disease patients: a literature review ...
The gut microbiota have been studied in relation to allergic airway disease, obesity, gastrointestinal diseases and diabetes. ... that promoted accumulation of colonic regulatory T cells, and strains that modulated mouse adiposity and cecal metabolite ... Coral bleaching is the most serious of these diseases. In the Mediterranean Sea, the bleaching of Oculina patagonica was first ... Rosenberg E, Koren O, Reshef L, Efrony R, Zilber-Rosenberg I (2007). "The role of microorganisms in coral health, disease and ...
... but no information is obtained regarding extraluminal disease.[21] Radiographic imaging in Crohn's disease provides clinicians ... diarrhoea and in particular diseases manifesting mucosal abnormalities such as coeliac and Crohn's disease.[19] ... Dambha, F; Tanner, J; Carroll, N (Jun 2014). "Diagnostic imaging in Crohn's disease: what is the new gold standard?". Best ... Enteroclysis has shown to be very accurate in diagnosing small bowel diseases, with a sensitivity of 93.1% and specificity of ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... The potential risk in human beings must be weighed against the severity of the disease. The oral dose of 400 mg. thrice daily ... In patients having myocardial disease or marked hypertension, emetine can be used for amoebic liver abscess, as the benefits ...
... as well as colonic motility .... The presence of orexin-A and its receptors has been shown in human kidneys and urine ... These ... as irritable bowel syndrome because visceral hypersensitivity of the gut is considered to play a vital role in the diseases.. ... accompanied with a rise in BAT and colonic temperatures (Monda et al., 2001).. ... "Antinociceptive action against colonic distension by brain orexin in conscious rats". Brain Res. 1598: 12-17. doi:10.1016/j. ...
2008). "Human colonic microbiota associated with diet, obesity and weight loss". International Journal of Obesity. 32 (11): ... Spirochaetes, notable for compartmentalisation and species include Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease. ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... http://www.indg.in/health/diseases/d2ed32d2cd28d4dd27d02 പുറത്തേക്കുള്ള കണ്ണികൾ[തിരുത്തുക]. ശരീരശാസ്ത്രവുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ഈ ... http://www.indg.in/health/diseases/d2ed32d2cd28d4dd27d02 *↑ ... Alcoholic liver disease. *Liver failure *Hepatic encephalopathy ...
Shiga toxin is an infectious disease caused by the rod shaped Shigella dysenteriae as well as Escherichia coli (STEC), and is ... colonic epithelial, and brain microvascular endothelial cell lines". Infection and Immunity. 81 (3): 673-83. doi:10.1128/IAI. ... The AB5 toxins are six-component protein complexes secreted by certain pathogenic bacteria known to cause human diseases such ... Gutkind, edited by Toren Finkel, J. Silvio (2003). Signal Transduction and Human Disease. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Diseases of the Esophagus". Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 17e. *^ Burkitt DP (1981). "Hiatus hernia: is it ... The clinical significance of type I hernias is in their association with reflux disease. Sliding hernias are the most common ... Although type II hernias are associated with reflux disease, their primary clinical significance lies in the potential for ...
Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 8 April 2009.. ... and ingest colonic contents.[24] ... Infectious diseases. *Parasitic disease: helminthiases *B65-B83 ... "International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) 10th Revision. World Health Organization ... Cook, Gordon C; Zumla, Alimuddin I (2009). Manson's tropical diseases (22nd ed.). Saunders Elsevier. pp. 1515-1519. ISBN 978-1- ...
... type of disease, and/or progression of disease when combined with other disease markers.[19][93] ... Colonic mucosal explants from Sprague-Dawley rats and human colon cancer HT29 cells add glutathione to 13-oxo-ODE in a Michael ... Involvement in human diseases[edit]. Atherosclerosis[edit]. In atherosclerosis, an underlying cause of Coronary artery disease ... cardiovascular disease-related atheroma plaques, neurodegenerative disease, etc. (see oxidative stress).[21][19] ...
Organ-specific autoimmune diseases induced in mice by elimination of T cell subset. I. Evidence for the active participation of ... Commensal microbe-derived butyrate induces the differentiation of colonic regulatory T cells. „Nature". 504 (7480), s. 446-450 ... OX-22high CD4+ T cells induce wasting disease with multiple organ pathology: prevention by the OX-22low subset. „J Exp Med". ... CD4(+)CD25(+) immunoregulatory T Cells: new therapeutics for graft-versus-host disease. „J Exp Med". 196 (3), s. 401-406, ...
"Stent" is also used as a verb to describe the placement of such a device, particularly when a disease such as atherosclerosis ... Other types are duodenal stents, colonic stents, and pancreatic stents, the designations referring to the location of their ...
Offspring of an affected individual are at a 50% risk of inheriting the disease-causing mutation". Same as FAP. Different- ... "Likely underdiagnosed, given the lower number of colonic polyps and lower risk for colorectal cancer compared to classic FAP". ... "Colectomy may be necessary, but in approximately one third of individuals the colonic polyps are limited enough in number that ... Prenatal testing is possible if a disease-causing mutation is identified in an affected family member; however, prenatal ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Clinical Infectious Diseases; Vol. 31 Issue 4 (10/1/2000), p1079. *^ DuPont, H (2007). "Therapy for and Prevention of ... Feldman, Mark (2015). Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management ( ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. November 21, 2006. Archived from the original on April 3, 2008.. ...
... Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum ... Books, Medical~~Clinical & Internal Medicine~~Diseases & Disorders, Colonic Diseases~~Book~~9780896039612, , , , , , , , , ,, [ ... inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, diverticular disease, Crohns disease, and constipation. Here the authors ... In Colonic Diseases, Timothy R. Koch, MD, has assembled a panel of innovative basic researchers, esteemed clinical ...
Biochemical and immunohistochemical characterisation of mucins in 8 cases of colonic disease - a pilot study : general surgery ...
non specific inflammatory colonic disease / TNBS-induced colitis / omega-3 type fatty acid / fish oil. ... New Therapeutic omega-3 unsaturated fatty acid for nonspecific inflammatory colonic diseases.. Research Project ... The causes of nonspecific inflammatory diseases of the intestinal tract--Crohns disease, ulcerative colitis, and intestinal ... This produces expansion of an auxiliary lesion of the inflammatory diseases and delayd healing.. The purposes of the research ...
Melatonins role as a co-adjuvant treatment in colonic diseases: A review. Eduardo Esteban-Zubero, Laura López-Pingarrón, ...
... inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, diverticular disease, Crohns disease, and constipation. Here the authors ... In Colonic Diseases, Timothy R. Koch, MD, has assembled a panel of innovative basic researchers, esteemed clinical ... Timely and cutting-edge, Colonic Diseases explains the origins and treatment of common colorectal disorders, blending the ... of disease with new outcomes and epidemiological research to improve our present and future understanding of colonic diseases ...
99m Tc-Sucralfate scintigraphy and colonic disease Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 295 :1135 ... 99m Tc-Sucralfate scintigraphy and colonic disease. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 295 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.295.6606. ...
Options for Treating Hirschsprungs Disease. Specific treatment for Hirschsprungs disease will be determined by your childs ... Possible Complications After Hirschsprungs Disease Surgery. Most people who undergo surgery for Hirschsprungs disease recover ... Hirschsprungs disease is a condition that causes a baby to be born with nerve cells in his or her intestines missing. ... If the disease affects only a small portion of the bowel, it may take long to discover the problem. ...
... treatments for uncomplicated diverticular disease; treatments to prevent complications; and treatments for acute diverticulitis ...
Diseases of the large intestine can affect your colons ability to work properly. See how diet, medicines, and in some cases ... ClinicalTrials.gov: Colonic Diseases (National Institutes of Health) * ClinicalTrials.gov: Intestinal Diseases (National ... Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease and its severity. Treatment may involve diet, medicines ... URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/colonicdiseases.html Colonic Diseases Also called: Large intestine diseases ...
Colonic Diaphragm Disease in a Patient Receiving Long Term Diclofenac Therapy. Alan A Weiss and David A Owen ...
Diverticular Disease: Colonic Epidemy of the 21st Century. Andrés García-Marín, MD, PhD (Editor). Deparment of Surgery, ... Home / Shop / Books / Medicine and Health / Diverticular Disease: Colonic Epidemy of the 21st Century. ... ISBN: N/A Categories: Nova Medicine and Health, 2019, Digestive Diseases - Research and Clinical Developments, Upcoming ... Diverticular disease is one of the most common problems encountered by gastroenterologists, emergency physicians and surgeons, ...
Colonic Volvulus: Not Only a Disease of the Elderly. Introduction: Colonic volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction ... Conclusion: Colonic volvulus should be considered as a cause of large bowel obstruction in patients of any age. While cecal ... Methods: This study describes a retrospective review of all adult patients who were evaluated for colonic volvulus between 1988 ...
Colonic mucosa-associated microbiota is influenced by an interaction of Crohn disease and FUT2 (Secretor) genotype. Philipp ... Colonic mucosa-associated microbiota is influenced by an interaction of Crohn disease and FUT2 (Secretor) genotype ... Colonic mucosa-associated microbiota is influenced by an interaction of Crohn disease and FUT2 (Secretor) genotype ... Colonic mucosa-associated microbiota is influenced by an interaction of Crohn disease and FUT2 (Secretor) genotype ...
... condition causing abdominal cramping and other symptoms Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease ... Some of these include Colorectal cancer Colonic polyps - extra tissue growing in the colon that can become cancerous Ulcerative ...
Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized ... Colonic Diseases, Functional; Colonic Disease, Functional; Disease, Functional Colonic; Diseases, Functional Colonic; ... Gastrointestinal Diseases: 1735*Intestinal Diseases: 773*Colonic Diseases: 226*Functional Colonic Diseases: 7*Irritable Bowel ... Functional Colonic Diseases. Subscribe to New Research on Functional Colonic Diseases Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders ...
Regression of a giant pseudopolyp in a patient with colonic Crohns disease after therapy with infliximab.. Sánchez Melgarejo ... We report the case of a 43-year-old female patient with Crohns disease (CD) in clinical remission, with no specific treatment ... Giant inflammatory pseudopolyps (, 15 mm) are an uncommon complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and a differential ...
Inflammatory Bowel DiseasesVolume 15, Issue 7, Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2009. ...
The majority published works consider PC of CRC origin as a homogenous disease. Aim of this study is to stress the different ... 22.0 months, p 0.008). 3- and 5-year survival rate is 74 and 50% in colonic group vs. 20 and 0% in rectal group. ... Authors should differentiate colonic and rectal origin of PC when reporting cases in the literature. ... Rectal origin PC has a more aggressive behavior compared to colonic origin, reflecting in a worst prognosis of patients ...
Treatment with oral bromelain decreases colonic inflammation in the IL-10-deficient murine model of inflammatory bowel disease. ... In this study, the clinical and histologic severity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was determined in IL-10-/- mice treated ... Bromelain also significantly decreased the clinical and histologic severity of colonic inflammation when administered to ... was anecdotally reported to induce clinical and endoscopic remission of ulcerative colitis in two patients whose disease was ...
"Biopsy Interpretation of Colonic Biopsies When Inflammatory Bowel Disease Is Excluded." Journal of Gastroenterology 47 (3) ( ... The interpretation of colonic biopsies related to inflammatory conditions can be challenging because the colorectal mucosa has ... and many of the various histological patterns reflect severity and duration of the disease. Importantly the correlation with ...
... and management of kidney diseases and associated disorders, including cancer. The journal especially welcomes submissions on ... Colonic Mucosal Ulceration and Gastrointestinal Bleeding Associated with Sevelamer Crystal Deposition in a Patient with End ... Sudheer Nambiar, Unnikrishnan Kunjan Pillai, Joe Devasahayam, Tony Oliver, and Asha Karippot, "Colonic Mucosal Ulceration and ... Stage Renal Disease. Sudheer Nambiar,1 Unnikrishnan Kunjan Pillai,2 Joe Devasahayam,3 Tony Oliver,4 and Asha Karippot5 ...
Diseases that affect the colon include infections, inflammation, inadequate blood supply, obstructions, cancers, etc. ... Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that is at the end of the ... Colonic Diseases (Overview) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ... Colonic Diseases (Overview) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ...
Sulphation of Colonic Mucin in Ulcerative Colitis and Crohns Disease. A.H. Raouf, H.H. Tsai, N. Parker, J. Hoffman, J.M. ... Sulphation of Colonic Mucin in Ulcerative Colitis and Crohns Disease. A.H. Raouf, H.H. Tsai, N. Parker, J. Hoffman, J.M. ... Sulphation of Colonic Mucin in Ulcerative Colitis and Crohns Disease Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ...
Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Colonic Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Intra-Operative Variables.. Kandace M Kichler, MD, ... Only 39.3% (273 patients) suffered from benign disease requiring colectomy, whereas the remaining 60.7% (421 patients) ... has been proven to be a safe and effective alternative to laparoscopic techniques in the treatment of colorectal diseases, ...
The answer to this question really depends on the specific type of colonic disease you are wondering about. There are several ... What does getting colonic diseases mean in the long run? Depends. ... disease processes of the colon, each with different outcomes and prognosis. ... Colonic Diseases (Definition) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ...
Single-incision versus standard multi-incision laparoscopic colectomy in patients with malignant or benign colonic disease. ... Single-incision versus standard multi-incision laparoscopic colectomy in patients with malignant or benign colonic disease ( ...
Colonic and Anorectal Motility in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. In: Delaini G.G. (eds) Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Familial ... OBrien MD, Phillips SF (1996) Colonic motility in health and disease. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 25:147-162PubMedCrossRef ... Smith AS, Scott D SMID (2005) Impaired capsaicin and neurokinin-evoked colonic motility in inflammatory bowel disease. J ... Vu MK, Gielkens HA, van Hogezand RA, et al (2000) Gallbladder motility in Crohns disease: influence of disease localization ...
... modulates the colonic microenvironment in healthy C57Bl/6 male mice which may alter susceptibility to gut-associated diseases. ... Additionally, FS enhanced colonic regenerating islet-derived protein 3 gamma (RegIIIγ) and reduced MUC1 and resistin-like ... Power, K.A., Lepp, D., Zarepoor, L., Monk, J.M., Wu, W., Tsao, R., and Liu, R. (2016). Dietary flaxseed modulates the colonic ... modulates the colonic microenvironment in healthy C57Bl/6 male mice which may alter susceptibility to gut-associated diseases. ...
Ileal and colonic fatty acid profiles in patients with active Crohns disease. ... Ileal and colonic fatty acid profiles in patients with active Crohns disease. ... Ileal and colonic fatty acid profiles in patients with active Crohns disease. ...
Home Cancers Colonic Tissue Obtained during Colonoscopy or Flexible Sigmoidoscopy May Be Used to Predict Parkinsons Disease ... Colonic Tissue Obtained during Colonoscopy or Flexible Sigmoidoscopy May Be Used to Predict Parkinsons Disease. ... Currently, Parkinsons disease afflicts almost 5 million people worldwide. It is projected that by 2030, Parkinsons disease ... Clinical signs of intestinal disease, such as constipation, Parkinsons disease diagnosis by more than a decade. These studies ...
Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease. ... Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease. ... Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease. ...
Parkinsons Disease and Colonic Motility. Matteo Fornai, Carolina Pellegrini, Luca Antonioli, Cristina Segnani, Chiara Ippolito ... Parkinsons Disease and Colonic Motility. Matteo Fornai, Carolina Pellegrini, Luca Antonioli, Cristina Segnani, Chiara Ippolito ... Isolated Colonic Smooth Muscle Cells.. Rat colonic smooth muscle cells were explanted from tunica muscularis, as described by ... Radiologic Assessment of Colonic Transit.. The radiologic assessment of overall in vivo colonic transit was performed as ...
Background: Colonic diverticular disease (diverticulosis) is a common disorder in Western countries. Although its pathogenesis ... Colonic diverticular disease (diverticulosis) is a frequent gastrointestinal disorder in developed countries1; it is ... Numbers of interstitial cells of Cajal and glial cells were decreased in colonic diverticular disease, whereas the numbers of ... Conclusions: Interstitial cells of Cajal and glial cells are decreased in colonic diverticular disease, whereas enteric ...
  • The causes of nonspecific inflammatory diseases of the intestinal tract--Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and intestinal Behcet's disease--are unknown. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Understanding of gas- trointestinal (GI) disease followed the growth of the basic sciences and gastroenterology's involvement in scientific research during the latter half of the 20th century. (eurobuch.com)
  • New Therapeutic omega-3 unsaturated fatty acid for nonspecific inflammatory colonic diseases. (nii.ac.jp)
  • The interpretation of colonic biopsies related to inflammatory conditions can be challenging because the colorectal mucosa has a limited repertoire of morphologic responses to various injurious agents. (harvard.edu)
  • CD involved both side of the colon and ulcers were more than five in number, linear or oval in shape, less than 2 cm, longitudinal orientation, dirty yellow color and intervening mucosa contain aphthous ulcers or cobble stoning Conclusion: Colonic tuberculosis and Crohn's disease has distinct endoscopic and distribution pattern with some overlap. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The alterations in the nerve fibers of lamina propria were evaluated in the colon cancer (29 cases), adenomatous polyps (11 cases), Peutz-Jeghers type polyps (9 cases), juvenile polyps (9 cases), inflammatory polyps (9 cases), metaplastic polyps (9 cases), and normal colonic mucosa as control (29 cases). (nii.ac.jp)
  • Aiello, F 2006, ' Epithelial cell proliferation index of the colonic mucosa in colonic diverticular disease ', Digestive and Liver Disease , vol. 38 suppl.1, pp. (unipa.it)
  • The distribution of cells containing various subclasses of IgG and IgA were studied in the rectal and colonic mucosa from 14 paediatric patients with ulcerative colitis and four patients with Crohn's disease, as well as, from rectal biopsy specimens of 10 control subjects using monoclonal antibodies and the peroxidase method. (elsevier.com)
  • In the children with ulcerative colitis the number of IgG4 cells in the colonic mucosa was also significantly increased. (elsevier.com)
  • Dr Claeson's team examined paired biopsies from inflamed and non-inflamed segments of colonic mucosa from a large number of IBD patients and healthy controls using high throughput sequencing for microbiota composition and host/microbe expression, and bead arrays for host genetic and epigenetic analyses. (microbiota-site.com)
  • Akkermansia muciniphila and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii , cohabitants in the intestinal mucosa, are considered members of a healthy microbiota and reduction of both species occurs in several intestinal disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease. (frontiersin.org)
  • Colonoscopy shows erythema of the colonic mucosa, which may be characterized by friability and exudate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of these include Colorectal cancer Colonic polyps - extra tissue growing in the colon that can become cancerous Ulcerative colitis - ulcers of the colon and rectum Diverticulitis - inflammation or infection of pouches in the colon Irritable bowel syndrome - an uncomfortable condition causing abdominal cramping and other symptoms Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease and its severity. (medications.com)
  • Treatment with oral bromelain decreases colonic inflammation in the IL-10-deficient murine model of inflammatory bowel disease. (nih.gov)
  • Bromelain also significantly decreased the clinical and histologic severity of colonic inflammation when administered to piroxicam-exposed IL-10-/- mice with established colitis. (nih.gov)
  • Dietary flaxseed (FS) has demonstrated anti-colon cancer effects in numerous rodent models, however, exacerbated acute colonic mucosal injury and inflammation in a colitis model. (gc.ca)
  • Crohn's disease (CD) is a debilitating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that arises from chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. (elsevier.com)
  • Their detection could have diagnostic potential in differentiating ulcerative colitis from other forms of colonic inflammation including Crohn's disease. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Some of the side effects of NSAIDs on the large bowel are rare, such as erosions, solitary or multiple ulcers, inflammation (which may resemble classic inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]), aggravation of diverticulitis , or even appendicitis in the elderly (Bjarnason et al, 1987). (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • Since PSC occurs without IBD, colonic inflammation is not necessary for PSC development. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • However, in patients with IBD, colonic inflammation is very important. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • [ 7 ] CF lung disease is characterized by chronic airway inflammation and infection, leading to early structural changes of the airways, such as airway wall thickening and mucus plugging. (medscape.com)
  • We showed that Parkinson's disease (PD) patients have alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) aggregation in their colon with evidence of colonic inflammation. (cdc.gov)
  • Disease progression (disease activity index, weight loss, and mortality) and postmortem colonic histopathology (inflammation, bowel wall thickness, and myeloperoxidase) were measured. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Acute colonic inflammation induced in rats by the PAR2 agonist SLIGRL-NH 2 was inhibited by oral administration of GB88 (10 mg/kg) with markedly reduced edema, mucin depletion, PAR2 receptor internalization, and mastocytosis. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Previous studies of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have yielded inconclusive results for the composition and relationship between the microbiota and topographic distribution of inflammation. (microbiota-site.com)
  • Dietary red meat aggravated the severity of colitis based on clinical signs of disease (negative performance score) and histopathological parameters in the colon such as erosion/ulceration and the overall inflammation score but no negative effects were observed on systemic health or small intestinal permeability. (au.dk)
  • The present study emphasizes the potential of diet to modulate mucosal inflammation and that a red meat diet might be a risk factor for the development of inflammatory bowel disease. (au.dk)
  • Indeed, inflammation was associated with disruption of colonic homeostasis, fulminant epithelial/tumor cell proliferation, and activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-Stat3 pathway in epithelial and tumor cells. (elsevier.com)
  • Their review of the diagnosis and treatment of common colonic disorders covers colorectal neoplasia, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, diverticular disease, Crohn's disease, and constipation. (springer.com)
  • Colonic diverticular disease (diverticulosis) is a common disorder in Western countries. (bmj.com)
  • Interstitial cells of Cajal and glial cells are decreased in colonic diverticular disease, whereas enteric neurones appear to be normally represented. (bmj.com)
  • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis are also called diverticular disease. (alldiseases.org)
  • The postulate that low dietary fiber, particularly non-soluble fiber (also known in older parlance as " roughage ") predisposes individuals to diverticular disease is supported within the medical literature. (alldiseases.org)
  • Diverticular disease is common in developed countries where low-fibre diets are common. (alldiseases.org)
  • Colonic motility disorders, ingestion of corticosteroids, and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be predisposing factors in the development of diverticular disease. (alldiseases.org)
  • because it does not contain all layers of the bowel, it is considered a pseudodiverticulum (see also Definition of Diverticular Disease ). (merckmanuals.com)
  • This constellation is sometimes referred to as symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) . (merckmanuals.com)
  • Complications of colonic diverticular disease are more common in people who smoke, are obese, or use NSAIDs. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Segmental colitis associated with diverticular disease (SCAD) refers to manifestations of colitis (eg, hematochezia, abdominal pain, diarrhea) that develop in a few (1%) of patients with diverticulosis. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Diverticular disease is a group of conditions that affect your large intestine (colon). (familydoctor.org)
  • Background Corticosteroids are a potential risk factor for mortality in patients with perforated diverticular disease, due to blinding of disease severity, hampered wound healing or adrenal insufficiency. (bmj.com)
  • We examined mortality in corticosteroid users and non-users among patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Methods A cohort study based on medical databases including all patients ≥18 years in Denmark (source population 5 289 261 inhabitants) admitted to a hospital with incident perforated diverticular disease between 2005 and 2013. (bmj.com)
  • Results The study included 4640 patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions Corticosteroid use was associated with clearly increased mortality risk after perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • The incidence of perforated diverticular disease is ∼4 per 100 000 persons each year. (bmj.com)
  • Mortality risk after perforated diverticular disease requiring operative intervention has been reported to be 12-36% in small cohort studies. (bmj.com)
  • Use of corticosteroids is a potential risk factor affecting mortality in patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • This is the first large cohort study comparing mortality risks between corticosteroid users and non-users among patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Use of systemic corticosteroids should be regarded as an important risk marker for mortality in patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • In 36 patients [18%] sigmoidoscopy and rectal or colonic biopsies, as well as stool parasitological and bacteriological studies did not reveal any pathological abnormalities or infective agents. (who.int)
  • Loads of A. muciniphila , total F. prausnitzii and its two phylogroup (16S rRNA gene copies) were determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in colonic biopsies from 17 healthy controls (H), 23 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), 31 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), 3 with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and 3 with colorectal cancer (CRC). (frontiersin.org)
  • Many trypsin-like serine proteases such as β-tryptase are involved in the pathogenesis of colitis and inflammatory bowel diseases. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 14 (4), 437-445. (mpg.de)
  • MUC1 is expressed at low levels on the apical surface of ductal epithelial cells in several organs including on the colonic epithelium ( 10 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Apart from being the preferred energy source for colonic epithelial cells, butyrate is involved in anti-inflammatory, enteroendocrine and epigenetic mechanisms that influence colonic and systemic health, including brain function. (frontiersin.org)
  • Notably, a similar abnormal up-regulation of mTOR-Stat3 signaling was consistently observed in the colonic epithelial cells of human IBD patients with active disease. (elsevier.com)
  • New areas of potential treatment not presently available for patients with chronic symptoms are also examined, along with the advanced treatment techniques currently in use at the Cleveland Clinic (for ulcerative colitis), The University of Chicago (for Crohn's disease), the Mayo Clinic (for irritable bowel syndrome), and the MD Anderson Cancer Center (for colorectal cancer). (springer.com)
  • Regression of a giant pseudopolyp in a patient with colonic Crohn's disease after therapy with infliximab. (nih.gov)
  • We report the case of a 43-year-old female patient with Crohn's disease (CD) in clinical remission, with no specific treatment at the time. (nih.gov)
  • Are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease hereditary? (healthtap.com)
  • It is a condition, a disease state that can be seen with infection, medication, trauma, neoplasm and a number of autoimmune problem such as crohn's disease. (healthtap.com)
  • Crohn's disease is not restricted to just your colon. (healthtap.com)
  • Annese V, Bassotti G, Napolitano G et al (1997) Gastrointestinal motility disorders in patients with inactive Crohn's disease. (springer.com)
  • Annese V, Bassotti G, Napolitano G et al (1995) Gastric emptying of solids in patients with nonobstructive Crohn's disease is sometimes delayed. (springer.com)
  • Ileal and colonic fatty acid profiles in patients with active Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • The causes of nonspecific inflammatory diseases of the intestinal tract--Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and intestinal Behcet's disease--are unknown. (nii.ac.jp)
  • A 70-year-old Arabic African man with undiagnosed Crohn's disease presented with acute abdominal obstruction due to an occlusive carcinoma of the sigmoid. (oalib.com)
  • At laparotomy, the colonic tumor was excised with continuity restored by end-to-end anastomosis.The risk of colonic carcinoma in Crohn's disease is increasing. (oalib.com)
  • Endoscopic differentiation of Colonic Tuberculosis (CTB) and Crohn's Disease (CD) in tuberculosis endemic area. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Aim: To define the endoscopic features and distribution of colonic tuberculosis (CTB) and Crohn's disease (CD) for early diagnosis. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Increased expression of CD44v6 and CD44v3 in ulcerative colitis but not colonic Crohn's disease. (ox.ac.uk)
  • No expression of CD44 variants was found in 15 samples of normal small intestine, 11 small-bowel pouchitis, 8 coeliac disease, 3 small-bowel Crohn's disease, 6 normal liver, 6 primary biliary cirrhosis, or 9 primary sclerosing cholangitis. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Among the 13 patients with Crohn's disease, none had isolated small bowel disease. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • all 10 PSC patients with Crohn's disease had colonic involvement. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • 12. The method of claim 8, wherein the inflammatory bowel disease is ulcerative colitis, colonic Crohn's disease or regional enteritis. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • [0001] The present invention relates to therapeutic agents for inflammatory bowel disease which treat inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis, colonic Crohn's disease and regional enteritis by delivering an active ingredient to the large intestine. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease result from an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. (bmj.com)
  • a minority of people with alteration of this gene develop Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • This supports the idea that Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis result from altered immunological responses to the normal intestinal flora. (bmj.com)
  • Life expectancy is normal in ulcerative colitis and nearly so in Crohn's disease, but both conditions cause considerable morbidity. (bmj.com)
  • Approximately 80% of patients with Crohn's disease eventually require surgery, and about 25% of patients with ulcerative colitis require colectomy. (bmj.com)
  • Treatment of ulcerative colitis is generally by corticosteroids for acute disease and mesalazine for maintenance, but the range of therapies for Crohn's disease is expanding. (bmj.com)
  • High dosages of corticosteroids may provide symptomatic relief in Crohn's disease but do not affect the long term natural history of the disease, and management strategies should avoid using steroids whenever possible. (bmj.com)
  • Since we do not fully understand the pathogenesis of either ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, diagnostic criteria for these conditions have evolved by consensus and dogma over many years. (bmj.com)
  • In their most typical clinical forms-for example, stricturing terminal ileal or ileocaecal Crohn's disease and continuous distal ulcerative colitis-there is little argument that the conditions are separate in terms of their genetics, predisposing environmental factors, and response to treatment. (bmj.com)
  • We now know that the NOD2/CARD15 genetic abnormality is not associated with isolated colonic Crohn's disease, and it is very likely that "typical" ulcerative colitis and isolated colonic Crohn's disease are extreme forms of a phenotypic spectrum rather than completely distinct conditions. (bmj.com)
  • Isolated colonic Crohn's disease, for example, may respond to antibiotics such as metronidazole whereas ulcerative colitis does not, and pouch surgery is more likely to be followed by pouchitis if the preoperative colon conformed to the Crohn's disease phenotype. (bmj.com)
  • Crohn's disease may present with almost any gastroenterological symptom depending on the site of the disease. (bmj.com)
  • Prognosis of colonic Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • Risk for colorectal neoplasia in patients with colonic Crohn's disease and concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis. (ox.ac.uk)
  • We investigated whether primary sclerosing cholangitis is also a risk factor for colorectal dysplasia or cancer in patients with Crohn's disease of the colon. (ox.ac.uk)
  • 120 had concomitant ulcerative colitis, 35 had Crohn's disease, and 11 had indeterminate colitis. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The controls comprised 114 patients with colonic involvement of Crohn's disease and 102 patients with ulcerative colitis. (ox.ac.uk)
  • RESULTS: Only 1 patient with colonic Crohn's disease and concomitant PSC developed dysplasia in an adenomatous polyp during a median follow-up of 10 years (range, 7-16 years). (ox.ac.uk)
  • Among patients with colonic Crohn's disease without PSC, 2 developed colorectal cancer during follow-up. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The presence of PSC did not increase the risk of developing colorectal dysplasia in patients with Crohn's disease (P = 1.00). (ox.ac.uk)
  • CONCLUSIONS: PSC does not seem to increase the risk for dysplasia of the colon in patients with colonic Crohn's disease. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the small bowel in Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • Induction and maintenance infliximab therapy for the treatment of moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease in children. (medscape.com)
  • Adalimumab for maintenance of clinical response and remission in patients with Crohn's disease: the CHARM trial. (medscape.com)
  • von Allmen D, Markowitz JE, York A, Mamula P, Shepanski M, Baldassano R. Laparoscopic-assisted bowel resection offers advantages over open surgery for treatment of segmental Crohn's disease in children. (medscape.com)
  • Tysk C, Lindberg E, Jarnerot G, Floderus-Myrhed B. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease in an unselected population of monozygotic and dizygotic twins. (medscape.com)
  • XIAP variants in male Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • Comparative phenotypic and CARD15 mutational analysis among African American, Hispanic, and White children with Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • Aguirre A, Nugent CA. Images in Clinical Medicine: Oral Manifestation of Crohn's Disease. (medscape.com)
  • Zholudev A, Zurakowski D, Young W, Leichtner A, Bousvaros A. Serologic testing with ANCA, ASCA, and anti-OmpC in children and young adults with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis: diagnostic value and correlation with disease phenotype. (medscape.com)
  • Early combined immunosuppression or conventional management in patients with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease: an open randomised trial. (medscape.com)
  • Infliximab therapy in children with Crohn's disease: a one-year evaluation of efficacy comparing 'top-down' and 'step-up' strategies. (medscape.com)
  • Akobeng AK, Gardener E. Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid for maintenance of medically-induced remission in Crohn's Disease. (medscape.com)
  • Kornbluth A, Sachar DB, Salomon P. Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • Crohn's disease: a review of current treatment with a focus on biologics. (medscape.com)
  • Quality of life in children with Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • Practice parameters for the surgical management of Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • Farmer RG, Hawk WA, Turnbull RB Jr. Clinical patterns in Crohn's disease: a statistical study of 615 cases. (medscape.com)
  • Role of genetics in the diagnosis and prognosis of Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • Association of NOD2 (CARD 15) genotype with clinical course of Crohn's disease: a cohort study. (medscape.com)
  • Association of NOD2 leucine-rich repeat variants with susceptibility to Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • rs1004819 is the main disease-associated IL23R variant in German Crohn's disease patients: combined analysis of IL23R, CARD15, and OCTN1/2 variants. (medscape.com)
  • Bassotti G, de Roberto G, Chistolini F et al (2004) Twenty-four-hour manometric study of colonic propulsive activity in patients with diarrhea due to inflammatory (ulcerative colitis) and non-inflammatory (irritable bowel syndrome) conditions. (springer.com)
  • As a foundation for better understanding, the authors review what is currently known about normal colonic physiology, explain the mechanisms of disease involved in the development of colonic disorders, and highlight important clues for potential therapies. (springer.com)
  • The development of colonic diverticulum is thought to be a result of raised intraluminal colonic pressures. (alldiseases.org)
  • To the best of the our knowledge, this is the first report of the development of colonic diaphragm disease in the absence of a history of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ingestion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Individuals lacking a functional copy of FUT2 are known as "nonsecretors" and display an array of differences in susceptibility to infection and disease, including Crohn disease. (pnas.org)
  • In Colonic Diseases, Timothy R. Koch, MD, has assembled a panel of innovative basic researchers, esteemed clinical investigators, and well-known clinicians to bridge the gap between basic and clinical research and the day-to-day care of patients with colonic disorders. (springer.com)
  • Timely and cutting-edge, Colonic Diseases explains the origins and treatment of common colorectal disorders, blending the molecular mechanisms of disease with new outcomes and epidemiological research to improve our present and future understanding of colonic diseases and their management. (springer.com)
  • Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. (curehunter.com)
  • Do doctors consider flora when diagnosing colon disease/disorders? (healthtap.com)
  • Colonic disease is one of many disorders that disrupt the proper functioning of the large intenstine and bowels. (dogster.com)
  • α-Synuclein aggregates are present in Substance P containing neurons in the sigmoid colonic submucosal neurons in patients with PD ( 5 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • In this study, the clinical and histologic severity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was determined in IL-10-/- mice treated orally with bromelain in vivo. (nih.gov)
  • Recent clinical and pathological evidence supports the notion that Parkinson's disease may begin in the intestinal wall then spread through the nerves to the brain. (healthcanal.com)
  • Clinical signs of intestinal disease, such as constipation, Parkinson's disease diagnosis by more than a decade. (healthcanal.com)
  • The clinical diagnosis can be difficult early in the disease, and as many as 10 percent to 20 percent of patients may be misdiagnosed. (healthcanal.com)
  • Most common GI disease in clinical practice. (wordpress.com)
  • Prevalence, relative abundances and correlation analyses were performed according to type of disease and considering relevant clinical characteristics of patients such as IBD location, age of disease onset, CD behavior, current medication and activity status. (frontiersin.org)
  • Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of children with newly diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease in Wisconsin: a statewide population-based study. (medscape.com)
  • Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for inflammatory bowel disease. (medscape.com)
  • We believe that alpha-synuclein in the colonic submucosa may be a pre-motor biomarker that easily can be studied in cohorts at increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease (relatives of Parkinson's disease subjects, subjects with anosmia [inability to smell], rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder and others). (healthcanal.com)
  • Based on investigations, the patient showed pancytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, bone marrow involvement and marked colonic involvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Interestingly, cases of histoplasmosis in immunocompetent hosts have rarely been reported, especially those accompanied with disseminated histoplasmosis and marked colonic involvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ulcerative pancolitis , is a chronic disease that inflames the gastrointestinal (GI) system. (healthtap.com)
  • Coulie B, Camilleri M, Bharucha AE et al (2001) Colonic motility in chronic ulcerative proctosigmoiditis and the effects of nicotine on colonic motility in patients and healthy subjects. (springer.com)
  • A sweat chloride value greater than 60 mEq/L distinguishes CF from other forms of chronic pulmonary disease. (medscape.com)
  • The Goldberg Clinic helps patients with a wide variety of chronic diseases recover their health by addressing causes. (goldbergclinic.com)
  • Nutritional advice for other chronic diseases. (bmj.com)
  • Colonic Disease - A disease associated with or acting upon the large intestine. (orcexperts.com)
  • 8. A method of treating inflammatory bowel disease, comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a therapeutic agent comprising 1 to 5 g of glutamine to the large intestine of the subject per one administration. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • We have investigated the underlying basis of variation in disease severity in the large intestine of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In the majority of adenocarcinomas and their precursor lesions, and in various inflammatory diseases including IBD, MUC1 is overexpressed and its VNTR region is profoundly hypoglycosylated ( 8 , 9 , 11 - 14 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • The IEC-specific deficiency of PPAR γ in mice with a mixed background worsened colonic inflammatory lesions, but had no effect on disease activity (DAI) or weight loss. (vt.edu)
  • Anechogenic colonic lesions with posterior wall enhancement were observed in 71 (54.2%) of 131 and 57 (24.5%) of 233 persons from the villages of endemicity, and no lesions were seen in persons from the village outside the area of endemicity. (oup.com)
  • Progression is defined as the number of months from randomisation until progressive disease based on RECIST (progression of target lesions, clear progression of existing non-target lesions or the appearance of one or more new lesions) or death in the absence of progression. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Gross pathologic findings ranged from no obvious lesions in mildly affected toads to thickened colonic walls with hyperemic serosal vasculature and hemorrhagic content in severely affected toads ( Figure 1 , panel A). Histologically appreciable lesions (invasive amebiasis) were commonly limited to the colon, although in severely affected toads, lesions extended through the small intestine and, rarely, into the stomach. (cdc.gov)
  • Disease activity index (DAI), pro-inflammatory such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6, as well as IL-10 as anti-inflammatory were measured. (preprints.org)
  • The juvenile stages of the helminth develop within colonic wall nodules, causing Dapaong tumor or multinodular disease, at the rate of 1 case per week at Nalerigu Hospital in Ghana. (oup.com)
  • First-line combination therapy with either FOLFOX or FOLFIRI (substituting irinotectan for oxaliplatin) appears to provide a response rate (denned as a composite of either complete disappearance of all detectable disease or as a decrease in tumor size by RECIST criteria) of 31-56%, with a median progression-free survival of 7-8 months. (pocketdrugguide.com)
  • Number of Participants With an Objective Response [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for tumor response until radiographic disease progression or until the participant began another anticancer treatment (up to a maximum of 55.6 weeks). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The activation of this pathway was essential for both the excess proliferation of epithelial/tumor cells and the disruption of colonic homeostasis in the mutant mice. (elsevier.com)
  • SCAD shares some features with inflammatory bowel disease, including the increase of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha during active disease, and decrease in TNF during health improvement. (wikipedia.org)
  • We present a case of colonic diaphragm disease in a 48-year-old woman with a 4-year history of inflammatory bowel disease and no significant history of NSAID usage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In view of a multi-billion-dollar translational research effort that aims to identify agents that slow or stop the progression of Parkinson's disease, the need for accurate and timely diagnostic biomarkers, including the potential for pre-motor diagnosis, is particularly acute," the authors stated. (healthcanal.com)
  • Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to Their by Felix Aigner, Helga Fritsch (auth. (magomechaya.com)
  • the great, but easy-to-read, details during this useful advisor on either universal and infrequent anorectal and colonic ailments is very vital for either the practitioner, who must recognize all of the attainable modalities of conservative and surgical procedure, and the health practitioner, who must adapt his surgery to the medical and anatomical findings. (magomechaya.com)
  • Full thickness colonic samples were obtained from 39 patients undergoing surgery for diverticulosis. (bmj.com)
  • patients with diverticulosis display abnormal motility and colonic propulsive activity, particularly in the segments bearing diverticula. (bmj.com)
  • Colonic diverticulosis is the presence of one or more diverticula in the colon. (merckmanuals.com)
  • People who have colonic diverticulosis usually have several diverticula. (merckmanuals.com)
  • The etiology of colonic diverticulosis is multifactorial and not entirely known. (merckmanuals.com)
  • The present report illustrates the case of a young male patient without any identifiable immunodeficiency diseases who presented with disseminated histoplasmosis with prominent manifestations of colonic involvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Bassotti G, Germani U, Morelli A (1995) Human colonic motility: physiological aspects. (springer.com)
  • We also show, using both mouse and human colonic organoids, that TcdB from epidemic ribotype 027 strains does not require Frizzled 1/2/7 binding to elicit this dysfunctional stem cell state. (monash.edu)
  • Colonic diaphragm disease is an uncommon condition usually associated with the long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Histopathological examination of the colectomy specimen revealed extensive colonic diaphragm disease with 30 thin-walled diaphragms, one of which reduced the lumen to a pin-hole. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In conclusion, consumption of a FS-supplemented diet alters the baseline colonic microenvironment of healthy mice which may modify subsequent mucosal microbial defense and injury-repair responses leading to altered susceptibility to different gut-associated diseases. (gc.ca)
  • The cause of SCAD is unknown, but may be related to local colonic ischemia, fecal stasis, or mucosal prolapse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several factors may influence the development of the disease, such as local colonic ischemia, fecal stasis, or mucosal prolapse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Publications] Yoshiro Kubota: 'Colonic vasoactive intestinal peptide nerves in inflammatory bowel disease' Gastroenterology. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Exposure and susceptibility of colonic stem cells to intoxication compromises their function during infection, which diminishes their ability to repair the injured epithelium, shown by altered stem cell signaling and a reduction in the growth of colonic organoids from stem cells isolated from infected mice. (monash.edu)
  • 15 mm) are an uncommon complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and a differential diagnosis with adenomas and carcinomas is challenging. (nih.gov)
  • Now, a group of Rush scientists has become the first to demonstrate alpha-synuclein aggregation in biological tissue obtained before onset of motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease. (healthcanal.com)
  • The team analyzed samples of tissue obtained during colonscopy examinations that took place 2-5 years before the first symptom of Parkinson's disease appeared in 3 research subjects, and all 3 showed the characteristic protein in the wall of the lower intestine. (healthcanal.com)
  • These studies suggest it may one day be possible to use colonic tissue biopsy to predict who will develop motor Parkinson's disease," said Shannon. (healthcanal.com)
  • Alternatively, the Rush investigators showed that colonic tissue is easily obtained using flexible sigmoidoscopy, a technique that, unlike colonoscopy, requires no colon cleansing preparation or sedation, and can be performed in 10 minutes. (healthcanal.com)
  • Moreover, EC extract protected the colonic tissue damage. (preprints.org)
  • DISCUSSION: The severity of colonic polyposis in FAP can be determined accurately by counting the adenoma:crypt ratio in sections derived from stored tissue blocks. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease and its severity. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Only few processes have specific diagnostic features, and many of the various histological patterns reflect severity and duration of the disease. (harvard.edu)
  • Mice were scored on disease severity both clinically and histopathologically. (vt.edu)
  • After exposure to a variant of Citrobacter freundii, suckling and adult mice developed transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia of the same degree of severity. (nih.gov)
  • Variability in the severity of colonic disease in familial adenomatous polyposis results from differences in tumour initiation rather than progression and depends relatively little on patient age. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Thus variation in disease severity is more likely to result from different rates of tumour initiation than from differences in progression of microadenomas to macroscopic tumours. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The British Society of Gastroenterology published guidelines for the initial biopsy diagnosis of suspected idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in 1997 1 and for the detection and prevention of osteoporosis in IBD in 2000. (bmj.com)
  • To determine whether variation in resident microbial communities with respect to FUT2 genotype is a potential factor contributing to susceptibility, we performed 454-based community profiling of the intestinal microbiota in a panel of healthy subjects and Crohn disease patients and determined their genotype for the primary nonsecretor allele in Caucasian populations, W143X (G428A). (pnas.org)
  • If PD patients have altered colonic microbiota, dysbiosis might be the mechanism of neuroinflammation that leads to α-Syn misfolding and PD pathology. (cdc.gov)
  • The novel endoscopic approach enabled us to evidence gut-derived Th17 cells in the spleens of K/BxN mice at the onset of their genetically determined arthritis, thereby furnishing a critical mechanistic link between the intestinal microbiota, namely segmented filamentous bacteria, and an extraintestinal autoinflammatory disease. (pnas.org)
  • Interactions between the gastrointestinal microbiota and the immune system, particularly their impact on the initiation and progression of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, are garnering much attention of late ( 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • In addition, gut-microbiota/leukocyte cross-talk influences systemic immune responses, in particular extraintestinal autoimmune diseases. (pnas.org)
  • Brockhaus AC, Sauerland S, Saad S. Single-incision versus standard multi-incision laparoscopic colectomy in patients with malignant or benign colonic disease (Protocol). (cochrane.org)
  • The aim of this study was the assessment of the available evidence for the comparison of SILC to conventional multi-port laparoscopic colectomy (MLC) in adult patients, in whom elective colectomy is indicated because of malignant or benign disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Whenever a young child who has been treated for Hirschsprung's disease changes his or her diet (such as going to vacation or starting school), it is important to be alert to constipation issues. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Dietary flaxseed modulates the colonic microenvironment in healthy C57Bl/6 male mice which may alter susceptibility to gut-associated diseases. (gc.ca)
  • This study investigates whether FS alters critical aspects of gut health in healthy unchallenged mice, which may help explain some of the divergent effects observed following different gut-associated disease challenges. (gc.ca)
  • Only 39.3% (273 patients) suffered from benign disease requiring colectomy, whereas the remaining 60.7% (421 patients) underwent colon resection for malignancy. (sages.org)
  • In fact, in a previous study of 53 PSC-IBD patients, no UC patient status post a colectomy had recurrent liver disease following liver transplantation whereas seven patients with intact colons had recurrent disease following liver transplantation. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • Several studies have suggested a correlation with environmental factors (eg, a diet low in fiber or high in red meat), heritable factors, and alterations in the colonic wall structure and motility. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Our aim was to discover whether suspected colonic-wall pathology is ultrasonographically visible in asymptomatic individuals living in the area where O. bifurcum is endemic. (oup.com)
  • Moreno-Osset E, Bazzocchi G, Lo S et al (1989) Association between postprandial changes in colonic intraluminal pressure and transit. (springer.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Colonic Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Intra-Operative Variables. (sages.org)
  • During conventional multi-port laparoscopic colonic resection (MLC), the camera and surgical instruments are inserted through 4 − 5 trocars. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Should We Care About Subclinical Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis with Inflammatory Bowel Disease? (gutsandgrowth.com)