Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON.
Discrete tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the COLON. These POLYPS are connected to the wall of the colon either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of COLONIC DIVERTICULA in the COLON. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial, including colon aging, motor dysfunction, increases in intraluminal pressure, and lack of dietary fibers.
A pouch or sac opening from the COLON.
Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.
A synthetic disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It has also been used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p887)
Dried, ripe seeds of PLANTAGO PSYLLIUM; PLANTAGO INDICA; and PLANTAGO OVATA. Plantain seeds swell in water and are used as demulcents and bulk laxatives.
Methylester of cellulose. Methylcellulose is used as an emulsifying and suspending agent in cosmetics, pharmaceutics and the chemical industry. It is used therapeutically as a bulk laxative.
The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions. It is primarily available as the sodium salt.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.
Infections with BACTERIA of the order Bifidobacteriales. This includes infections in the genera BIFIDOBACTERIUM and GARDNERELLA, in the family Bifidobacteriaceae.
Inflammation of the DUODENUM section of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL). Erosive duodenitis may cause bleeding in the UPPER GI TRACT and PEPTIC ULCER.
A rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium that is a genus of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, order Bifidobacteriales, class ACTINOBACTERIA. It inhabits the intestines and feces of humans as well as the human vagina.
Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.
Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.
Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)
A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, cocci to short rod-shaped ARCHAEA, in the family METHANOBACTERIACEAE, order METHANOBACTERIALES. They are found in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or other anoxic environments.
Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.
A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Nutritional supplements combining PROBIOTICS (bacteria) and PREBIOTICS (sugars).
Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
A plant genus of the family LINACEAE that is cultivated for its fiber (manufactured into linen cloth). It contains a trypsin inhibitor and the seed is the source of LINSEED OIL.
A plant genus of the family CLUSIACEAE. It is the source of the mangosteen fruit.
Functional obstruction of the COLON leading to MEGACOLON in the absence of obvious COLONIC DISEASES or mechanical obstruction. When this condition is acquired, acute, and coexisting with another medical condition (trauma, surgery, serious injuries or illness, or medication), it is called Ogilvie's syndrome.
The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A class of dibenzylbutane derivatives which occurs in higher plants and in fluids (bile, serum, urine, etc.) in man and other animals. These compounds, which have a potential anti-cancer role, can be synthesized in vitro by human fecal flora. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Short-chain fatty acids of up to six carbon atoms in length. They are the major end products of microbial fermentation in the ruminant digestive tract and have also been implicated in the causation of neurological diseases in humans.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the sigmoid flexure.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the sigmoid colon.
Hospitals controlled by the county government.
A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
Chemical, spectroscopic, or microscopic detection of extremely small amounts of blood.

Reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileoanal pouches. (1/670)

OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review was performed to determine the results after surgical reconstruction for chronic dysfunction of ileal pouch-anal procedures for ulcerative colitis and familial colonic polyposis at a university medical center. METHODS: During the 20-year period from 1978 to 1998, 601 patients underwent colectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis, familial colonic polyposis, or Hirschsprung's disease. A J pouch was used for 351 patients, a lateral pouch for 221, an S pouch for 6, and a straight pull-through for 23. Acute complications after pouch construction have been detailed in previous publications and are not included in this study. Chronic pouch stasis with diarrhea, frequency, urgency, and soiling gradually became more severe in 164 patients (27.3%), associated with pouch enlargement, an elongated efferent limb, and obstruction to pouch outflow, largely related to the pouch configuration used during the authors' early clinical experience. These patients were sufficiently symptomatic to be considered for reconstruction (mean 68 months after IPAA). Transanal resection of an elongated IPAA spout was performed on 58 patients; abdominoperineal mobilization of the pouch with resection and tapering of the lower end (AP reconstruction) and ileoanal anastomosis on 83; pouch removal and new pouch construction on 7; and conversion of a straight pull-through to a pouch on 16. RESULTS: Good long-term results (mean 7.7 years) with improvement in symptoms occurred in 98% of transanal resections, 91.5% of AP reconstructions, 86% of new pouch constructions, and 100% of conversions of a straight pull-through to a pouch. The average number of bowel movements per 24 hours at 6 months was 4.8. Complications occurred in 11.6% of reconstructed patients. Five of the 164 patients (3.1%) required eventual pouch removal and permanent ileostomy. The high rate of pouch revision in this series of patients undergoing IPAA is due to a policy of aggressive correction when patients do not experience an optimal functional result, or have a progressive worsening of their status. CONCLUSIONS: Although occasionally a major undertaking, reconstruction of ileoanal pouches with progressive dysfunction due to large size or a long efferent limb has resulted in marked improvement in intestinal function in >93% of patients and has reduced the need for late pouch removal.  (+info)

The pathophysiology of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex disease in AIDS. (2/670)

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) organisms cause disseminated disease in patients with AIDS. The organisms penetrate the gastrointestinal mucosa by unknown mechanisms and are phagocytosed by macrophages in the lamina propria. These cells cannot kill the organisms, and MAC spreads through the submucosal tissue. Lymphatic drainage transports mycobacteria to abdominal lymph nodes, from which the organisms enter the bloodstream. Hematogenous spread can occur to many sites, but spleen, bone marrow, and liver are the most common. Tissue destruction is rare, and most signs and symptoms of MAC disease are due to elaboration of cytokines. MAC is rarely the direct cause of death but increases the risk for superinfection; death may result from malnutrition or other infections.  (+info)

Psoas abscesses complicating colonic disease: imaging and therapy. (3/670)

Most surgeons think of psoas abscesses as a very rare condition related to tuberculosis of the spine, but in contemporary surgical practice they are more usually a complication of gastrointestinal disease. A case note study was undertaken on all patients treated for psoas abscess at two large hospitals in the mid-Trent region over a 2-year period. All seven patients presented with pyrexia, psoas spasm, a tender mass and leucocytosis. The diagnosis was made on abdominal radiographs in one patient, CT scan in three, MRI in two, and ultrasound in one. Aetiological factors included Crohn's disease in three, appendicitis in two, and sigmoid diverticulitis and metastatic colorectal carcinoma in one each. Six patients underwent transabdominal resection of the diseased bowel, retroperitoneal debridement and external drainage of the abscess cavity. Percutaneous drainage was performed in one. Two patients had more than one surgical exploration for complications. There were no deaths and the hospital stay ranged from 8-152 days. Psoas abscess can be a difficult and protracted problem. Bowel resection, thorough debridement, external drainage and concomitant antibiotics are essential for psoas abscesses complicating gastrointestinal disease. Defunctioning stomas may be necessary. However, in some cases a multidisciplinary approach may be required, as psoas abscesses can involve bone and joints.  (+info)

The colonic mesenteric margin is most susceptible to injury in an experimental model of colonic ulceration. (4/670)

BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease ileal ulcers and indomethacin-induced jejunal ulceration in the rat tend to occur in the mucosa nearest to the mesentery (mesenteric margin), an area of the bowel wall that has a critical blood supply. Mercuric chloride induces caecal and colonic ulceration in the Brown Norway rat. AIM: To examine whether the mesenteric margin is more sensitive to injury by a substance known to be vasculotoxic in the caecum and colon. METHODS: Brown Norway rats received a single subcutaneous dose of either mercuric chloride 1 mg/kg or saline. The gastrointestinal tract was examined macro- and microscopically for lesions 48 h later. The vascular anatomy of the normal rat colon and caecum was also examined using the carbon ink perfusion technique. RESULTS: Mercuric chloride induced caecal and colonic ulceration preferentially along the mesenteric margin of the bowel wall. Histologically, the lesions showed mucosal necrosis and neutrophil infiltration. There was also extensive vascular degeneration/necrosis with microaneurysm formation and extensive submucosal haemorrhage. Cellular infiltration of the vasculature was not a feature. The caecal and colonic mesenteric margins in control rats were supplied by small end arteries. CONCLUSIONS: The colonic and caecal mesenteric margins are susceptible to injury by mercuric chloride, a chemical known to induce haemorrhagic vasculopathy in the rat gastrointestinal tract. The large bowel mesenteric margin may be susceptible to injury by mercuric chloride because of the critical blood supply to that side of the bowel wall.  (+info)

Chemoprevention of colonic aberrant crypt foci by an inducible nitric oxide synthase-selective inhibitor. (5/670)

Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is overexpressed in colonic tumors of humans and also in rats treated with a colon carcinogen. iNOS appear to regulate cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and production of proinflammatory prostaglandins, which are known to play a key role in colon tumor development. Experiments were designed to study the inhibitory effects of S,S'-1,4-phenylene-bis(1,2-ethanediyl)bis-isothiourea (PBIT) a selective iNOS-specific inhibitor, measured against formation of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF). Beginning at 5 weeks of age, male F344 rats were fed experimental diets containing 0 or 50 p.p.m. of PBIT, or 2000 p.p.m. of curcumin (non-specific iNOS inhibitor). One week later, rats were injected s.c. with AOM (15 mg/kg body wt, once weekly for 2 weeks). At 17 weeks of age, all rats were killed, colons were evaluated for ACF formation and colonic mucosa was assayed for isoforms of COX and NOS activities. Both COX and iNOS activities in colonic mucosa of the AOM-treated rats were significantly induced. Importantly, 50 p.p.m. PBIT suppressed AOM-induced colonic ACF formation to 58% (P < 0.0001) and crypt multiplicity containing four or more crypts per focus to 78% (P < 0.0001); it also suppressed AOM-induced iNOS activity. Curcumin inhibited colonic ACF formation by 45% (P < 0.001). These observations suggest that iNOS may play a key regulatory role in colon carcinogenesis. Developing iNOS-specific inhibitors may provide a selective and safe chemopreventive strategy for colon cancer treatment.  (+info)

Dietary n-3 PUFA increases the apoptotic response to 1,2-dimethylhydrazine, reduces mitosis and suppresses the induction of carcinogenesis in the rat colon. (6/670)

The effect of dietary fish oil on colonic crypt cell apoptosis and proliferation was examined in male Wistar rats, 24 and 48 h after administration of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), and its influence on the induction of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in the distal colon was assessed. Rats (125-150 g) fed a high-fat semi-synthetic diet containing corn oil (CO) were given DMH (30 mg/kg body wt) or a sham injection of EDTA/NaCl. Animals were then fed either the CO diet or a diet in which fish oil (EPA 18.7%; DHA 8%) was substituted for corn oil. Subgroups of rats (n = 5) were killed after 24 and 48 h, and crypt cell apoptosis and proliferation were quantified by morphological criteria in isolated intact crypts from the mid and distal colon. Consumption of the fish oil diet (FO) was associated with increased apoptotic cell death (P < 0.001) and suppression of proliferation (P < 0.05) in colonic crypts both 24 and 48 h after DMH. In a second experiment, animals were given three injections of DMH or sham injections of carrier at weekly intervals. For 48 h after each injection animals were fed either the CO or FO diet, but otherwise maintained on the CO throughout. The number and crypt multiplicity of ACF in the distal colon were determined after 18 weeks, and animals given the FO diet for the 48 h period following carcinogen administration were found to have significantly fewer ACF than rats fed the CO diet (P < 0.05). The data demonstrate that the fatty acid composition of the diet is an important determinant in the induction of carcinogenesis by DMH. The proliferative and apoptotic response of the colonic crypt to carcinogen and fish oil, coupled with the reduced incidence of ACF, suggest n-3 PUFA can protect against the carcinogenic effects of DMH by mediating changes in the balance proliferation and cell death.  (+info)

Laparoscopic-assisted colectomy: a comparison of dissection techniques. (7/670)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mobilization of the colon and dissection of the mesentery are difficult laparoscopic techniques. Traditional methods have been used for this dissection, but often with great difficulty. The ultrasonically activated shears, when introduced in 1993, had the possibility to make this dissection less technically difficult. This is a retrospective review of the use of these shears for these techniques during laparoscopic-assisted colectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients underwent a laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy or sigmoid resection. Colon mobilization and mesenteric dissection were completed intracorporeally. Complications, operative time, estimated blood loss, and length of stay were compared for resections completed with and without the ultrasonically activated shears. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients had laparoscopic-assisted colectomy without the shears, and 49 patients had the procedure with the shears. There were no complications due to the ultrasonic energy. Use of the shears resulted in shorter operative times (170 min. vs. 187 min., p=0.1989), similar median blood loss (98 mL vs. 95 mL, p=0.7620), and shorter lengths of stay (4.3 days vs. 6.9 days, p=0.0018). CONCLUSIONS: The ultrasonically activated shears are safe and effective for colon mobilization and mesenteric division. The use of the shears may result in shorter operative times and shorter lengths of stay.  (+info)

Laparoscopic colon surgery for benign disease: a comparison to open surgery. (8/670)

BACKGROUNDS AND OBJECTIVES: There remains a debate in the literature about the advisability of laparoscopic surgery for malignant disease of the colon. Current prospective studies will hopefully answer this question. However, for benign diseases of the colon, we believe laparoscopic surgery offers many advantages including decreased postoperative pain, early discharge from the hospital, and early return to normal activities. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with laparoscopic colectomies for benign disease to see whether these procedures could be done safely and if the proposed advantages could be realized. METHODS: Thirty-eight laparoscopic colon resections performed for benign disease were compared to 39 open colon resections with respect to operating times, length of hospital stay, estimated blood loss, days until first postoperative bowel movement, and complications. RESULTS: The laparoscopic colon resection group had decreased length of stay, less blood loss, earlier return of bowel function, and an equivalent number of complications. Laparoscopic cases did take an average of 24 minutes longer. CONCLUSION: The use of laparoscopic colon surgery for benign disease not only affords the patient the advantage of the laparoscopic approach, but also allows the surgeon to gain experience while awaiting the results of ongoing trials for laparoscopic colon surgery in malignant disease.  (+info)

Finden Sie alle Bücher von McKean, John R. - Colonic Diseases. Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum Bestpreis bestellen. 0896039617
Colonic strictures can be long (|10 cm) or short. Short scirrhous colorectal carcinoma (apple core sign) post surgical (anastamotic stricture) Long malignancy scirrhous colorectal carcinoma gastrointestinal lymphoma inflammatory bowel dis...
Objectives. To characterise mucins in cancer of the colon and compare these with controls using stringent biochemical measures to avoid endogenous proteolysis. Design. Crude mucus scrapings were collected from 12 specimens obtained by colectomy. Specimens from 3 traumatic colectomies and 1 sigmoid volvulus were used as controls, and compared with 6 specimens from colons resected for adenocarcinoma and 2 irradiated colons. Subjects. The median age of the 4 female patients was 76 years (range 49 - 82 years), and of the 8 male patients 46.5 years (range 16 - 74 years). Results and conclusions. The crude mucus scrapings in the 9 specimens ranged in weight from 353 mg to 7 697 mg (median 4 928 mg). The median of purified mucin in the 9 specimens was 0.72 mg/mg wet weight of scraped material. Eight samples gave non-extractable pellet material, and were treated with DTT to reduce disulphide bonds for further analysis. One of these 8 pellets was resistant to reduction and had to be digested with papain
Dr. Zadeh responded: Depends. The answer to this question really depends on the specific type of |a href=/topics/colonic track_data={
Principal Investigator:NAKASAKI Hisao, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1996, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Digestive surgery
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
The optimal timing of surgery after colonic stenting has not been established. In the European guidelines, the suggested time interval between colonic stenting and surgery is 5-10 days when colonic stenting is used as a bridge to elective surgery in patients with potentially curable left-sided colon cancer [5]. The time interval in the guideline was determined based on a few studies with different qualities. For this reason, the recommendation on the time interval is weak and the level of evidence is low. In a meta-analysis comparing colonic stenting as bridge to surgery and emergency surgery for left-sided colorectal cancer obstruction, surgery was generally performed after a median 10 days after colonic stenting [6]. This study, however, did not aim to determine the optimal time interval between colonic stenting and surgery. Moreover, the median 10 days resulted from statistical analysis of the data from the included studies. A retrospective study concluded that a duration of 7-9 days after ...
Post written by Alberto Arezzo, MD, from the Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Torino, Turin, Italy. Twenty years after the first description of the technique, the debate is still open on the role of self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement as a bridge to elective surgery for symptomatic left-sided malignant colonic obstruction. The focus of…
Mo1626 The Newly Nitinol Conformable Self-Expandable Metal Stents for Malignant Colonic Obstruction: a Pilot Experience As Bridge to Surgery Treatment in a Tertiary Referral ...
Cappell, MS, Batke, M. Mechanical obstruction of the small bowel and colon. Med Clin N Am. vol. 92. 2008. pp. 575-97. Godfrey, EM, Addley, HC, Shaw, AS. The use of computed tomography in the detection and characterisation of large bowel obstruction. N Z Med J. vol. 30. 2009. pp. 57-73. Halabi, WJ, Jafari, MD, Kang, CY. Colonic volvulus in the United States: trends, outcomes, and predictors of mortality. Annals of surgery. vol. 259. 2014. pp. 293-301. Harrison, ME, Anderson, MA, Appalaneni, V. The role of endoscopy in the management of patients with known and suspected colonic obstruction and pseudo-obstruction. Gastrointestinal endoscopy. vol. 71. 2010 Apr 30. pp. 669-79. Lepage-Saucier, M, Tang, A, Billiard, JS, Murphy-Lavallee, J, Lepanto, L. Small and large bowel volvulus: clues to early recognition and complications. Eur J Radiol. vol. 74. 2010. pp. 60-66. Maddah, G, Kazemzadeh, GH, Abdollahi, A. Management of sigmoid volvulus: Options and prognosis. Journal of the College of ...
Colonic perforation is an uncommon cause of acute abdomen in paediatric patients, and can present a diagnostic enigma as well as management challenge to the paediatric surgeon. An adolescent developed multiple colonic perforations following a short course of oral indomethacin, requiring emergency hemicolectomy. This is the youngest known case of enteral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-mediated large bowel injury. We review current evidence on NSAID-related enteropathy, and postulate potentiating mechanisms that may have accounted for the unusually rapid clinical course of our patient.. Keywords: adverse drug reactions, colonic diseases, indomethacin, intestinal perforation, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ...
Ελληνική Γαστροεντερολογική Εταιρία. Annals of Gastroenterology.Τμήμα περιοδικού.Επιστημονικό άρθρο.Άρθρο.2007 . Creators: Pilichos, C., Bourgeon, A., Fotiadis, C., Baque, P, Benchimol, D., Givry, A., Rahili, A., Bernard, JL.Background and Aim: Colonic stenting is a novel and privileged therapeutic option for malignant obstructions of the large bowel, especially as a bridging procedure to elective surgery. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the efficacy of the traditional surgical approach with stent placement in the management of obstructing colorectal tumours. Patients and Methods: Thirty-three patients with malignant colonic obstruction were retrospectively studied. Of them, 17 underwent a diversion colostomy (group I), while 16 were treated with SEMS (group II). Early outcome, late outcome and duration of hospitalisation were evaluated. For statistical analysis chi-square and Student.s t-test were used
Experience with endoluminal colonic wall stents for the management of large bowel obstruction for benign and malignant disease. Arch Surg. 2000 Apr; 135(4):434-8 ...
Laparoscopic colon surgery is a technique performed for colon cancer treatment. Laparoscopic colon resection surgery allows a high success rate (over 95%) for even the most complicated patients.
Dr. Avinash Tank is an experienced laparoscopic colon surgeon in Ahmedabad, India provides laparoscopic colon surgery for disease like Ulcerative colitis and colon rectum tumor.
Protocol. van Hooft JE, Bemelman WA, Breumelhof R, Siersema PD, Kruyt PM, van der Linde K, Veenendaal RA, Verhulst ML, Marinelli AW, Gerritsen JJ, van Berkel AM, Timmer R, Grubben MJ, Scholten P, Geraedts AA, Oldenburg B, Sprangers MA, Bossuyt PM, Fockens P, Colonic stenting as bridge to surgery versus emergency surgery for management of acute left-sided malignant colonic obstruction: a multicenter randomized trial (Stent-in 2 study)., BMC Surg, 2007, 7, 12, doi: 10.1186/1471-2482-7-12.. ...
Functional Colonic Diseases: Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
Experts available for colonic disease consulting, expert witness, or analyst services for business, legal, and technical professionals.
BOSTON-A new electrosurgical tool that seals blood vessels without staples or vascular clips is safe and effective for laparoscopic colon surgery, according to a study reported at the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (ASCRS) annual meeting. 1
were compared by means of χ2 or Fishers exact test. The In addition, interim analysis recorded no difference in the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, with primary outcome of the study, which was global health sta-tus. Details of the study design and short-term outcomes comparison between stent and emergency surgery groups have been published previously6. Patients randomized to using the log rank test. In addition, a subanalysis was per- emergency surgery underwent resection of the primary formed of all patients who had a stent-related perfora- tumour, with either primary anastomosis, temporary stoma tion within the stent group. Inclusion in this subgroup was or definitive stoma, at the discretion of the surgeon. Those based on the presence of tumour perforation on patholog- randomized to stent placement received either an enteral ical examination; this included both clinical and subclini- Wallstent™ (diameter 22 mm; Boston Scientific, Marlbor- cal perforations. Estimated ...
Colorectal Disease - ACPGBI Official Journal Free Online Subscription and Access to Colorectal Disease is available to Ordinary Surgical Members,
Colorectal disease screen. Easy to read results. One step rapid test. Results in 5 minutes. Clean and easy. FDA cleared. Colorectal Disease: Colorectal disease, specifically colon cancer, is one of the leading causes of cancer death among men and women combined. About 1 in 20 Americans be diagnosed with colorectal disease during their lifetime. The colon cancer check iFOBT can help detect signs of colorectal disease, enabling you and your doctor to take immediate action. Contact your doctor in the event of a preliminary positive result. Annual testing is recommended after the age of 50. safe private fast. The colon cancer check iFOBT test detects blood in the stool. This test is a clean and easy way to see potential warning signs for colon cancer which is the one of the most deadly forms of cancer to both men and women. Contents: Test device. Collection vial. Collection paper. Procedure card. Questions about the testing? Contact us at (724)-515-2637. Help Line (724) 515-2637. Pleas ...
Question - Diagnosed with cancer. Underwent colon surgery. Started vomiting. Normal?. Ask a Doctor about Colon surgery, Ask an Oncologist
Laparoscopic colon resection allows surgeons to perform many common colon procedures. Patients may return to normal activities quicker than open surgery.
Colorectal (Colon) Cancer Colon surgery (colectomy or hemicolectomy) Procedure or Surgery chris4yes - WhatNext.com - Colon resection went well but showed metasteses to liver, lymphs, pelvis, hip and spine. Surgery was immediate and expedience was absolutely shocking
Introduction:. First reported in 1991, laparoscopic assisted colectomy is increasingly practised world-wide. Abundant evidence exists in the literature suggesting laparoscopic assisted colectomy, when compared with its open counterpart, is associated with more favourable short-term outcomes, better cosmesis, and better patients satisfaction. Moreover, recent reports from large-scale randomized trials support the use of this minimally invasive technique in the treatment of colorectal cancer, a malignant condition common in many parts of the world. However, around 8-29% of patients with colorectal cancer present as acute large bowel obstruction, a condition used to be considered as a contraindication to laparoscopic surgery due to poor exposure and potential hazard of injury to the distended bowel. Thus, most cases of malignant large bowel obstruction mandate an emergency open surgery to relieve the obstruction and resect the tumour, with many patients, especially those with obstructing ...
We offer clinical cancer updates, treatment guidance, and research news to the oncology nursing community. Visit us often for drug therapy testing results, patient care information and more. Download our FREE app today.
Dr. Mayank Madan is Best Surgeon for Laparoscopic Colon Surgery in Gurgaon, Delhi NCR India. The colon is the large intestine, lower part of digestive tract
Advances in minimally-invasive robotic surgical procedures and colon cancer screening can help patients face colorectal diseases.
A 25+5 week preterm infant developed tender abdominal distension and bilious gastric aspirates. He had thrombocytopenia and raised C-reactive protein. An abdominal x-ray examination disclosed bowel loop separation indicative of bowel wall thickening. He developed features of sepsis and blood cultures yielded Klebsiella spp. He was treated conservatively for presumed necrotising … ...
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your live performance in International Journal of Colorectal Disease format for free.
Bowel movements after colon resection - My wife had a right colon resection a little over a week ago and when she has a bowel movement she has no sensation off the need. Is this normal? Loose. It is common to have loose stool after a colon resection, but watery diarrhea and stool incontinence is not typical. See your doctor about this issue, and to rule out an infection in your colon.
Food to eat after colon surgery - Food & Drink on Pinterest - recipes, healthy eating and .... Bowtrol Colon Cleanser Health Support forumlas include natural colon cleanse supplements and natural Sensitive Digestion remedies.
Boston Bruins center David Backes missed the first five games of the season, returned for five and then exited the lineup to have colon surgery. The veteran forward remains sidelined, but he returned to practice this week wearing a non-contact jersey.
Bob Coats, or as many of you know him as Los Bobbys of The Belairs Rock and Soul Ban… Janice Coats needs your support for Bobby Coats Fund for Colon Surgery
An optical navigation system was adapted for abdominal surgical purposes, The feasibility and potential usefulness was investigated in 24 patients with a colorectal tumor or diverticulitis. The information from a preoperative CT scan was integrated in the real time live video images. Instruments were marked and identifiable during the navigation. All patients underwent a laparoscopic colorectal resection.. The feasibility of the system was established. The accuracy of finding the tumor [21 patients]was evaluated, as well as the identification of the tumot borsers,the optimal placement of the trocarts, the accuracy of localization of the ureters [19 patients], the accuracy of localization of arterial vessels supplying the bowel, and the number of conversions and positive margins. The feeling of safety of the surgeon was evaluated during the procedure.. The feasibility of the system was established, and the images were accurate within a 0,5 cm. All 21 tumors were accurately foung by navigation. ...
Gastrocolic \Gas`tro*colic\, a. [Gastro- + colic.] (Anat.) Pertaining to both the stomach and the colon; as, the gastrocolic, or great, omentum. [1913 Webster]
Plain films are often that first studies ordered to evaluate for SBO. The hallmark of obstruction on plain films (obviously) is dilated loops of bowel. To distinguish SBO from large bowel obstruction, the dilated loops are usually centrally located with valvulae conniventes present. On supine images, SBO often demonstrates a stepladder pattern of dilated loops of bowel that appear to be stacked on one another. Variable amount of gas is seen in the colon depending on the severity and duration of obstruction. A gasless abdomen can also be seen if distended loops are fluid-filled. Erect or lateral decubitus films demonstrate air-fluid levels. If the loops are predominantly filled with fluid, a string of pearls can be seen, representing small collections of air trapped between valvulae. ...
In adults, frequently the surgical intervention and the treatment of the causative lesion are required. In malignant large bowel obstruction, endoscopically placed self-expanding metal stents may be used to temporarily relieve the obstruction as a bridge to surgery, or as palliation. ...
In the last decades increasing evidence indicated a crucial role of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling in development of midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neurons. Recently dysregulation of this pathway has been proposed as a novel pathomechanism leading to Parkinsons disease (PD) and some of the molecules participating to the signaling have been evaluated as potential therapeutic targets for PD. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a cardiac-derived hormone having a critical role in cardiovascular homeostasis. ANP and its receptors (NPRs) are widely expressed in mammalian central nervous system (CNS) where they could be implicated in the regulation of neural development, synaptic transmission and information processing, as well as in neuroprotection ...
MY HUSBAND HAD HIS COLON REMOVED THREE YEARS AGO BECAUSE OF DIVERTICULITS. HE HAS FREQUENT BOWEL MOVEMENTS AND CONSQUENTLY GETS VERY LITTLE SLEEP. HE TALES LEMOTIL AND HAS TRIED METAMUSIL AND OTHER THI...
Ans ) b. Lymphatics first drain to epicolic group along the bowel wall. Then paracolic group along the marginal artery. Intermediate group along the named vessels SMA/IMA. Finally to par aortic Colon and upper 2/5 of rectum --- Para aortic. Lower 1/5 of rectum and anal canal - Superficial inguinal lymph nodes. Ref Sabiston-1317. ...
Hi everyone,. Just got back from NY. Met with oncologist and surgeon. Since I have had a great response to the vectibix, the docs want to proceed with surgery. I never had the original colon site removed as I was so sick and the liver so full of tumors. I now have 4 small lesions in the liver, and the colon according to the scans has been clear for almost 2 years. (I was diagnosed stage IV metastatic colon cancer, mets to liver in 12/08).. The surgery involves removing the diseased part of the colon, no colostomy. I am told they should be able to reconnect me right there, and then do the RFA to the liver lesions. Doctor says I should be in the hospital for about 6-7 days.. I am excited to have come this far as I was always told that due to the amount of lesions in my liver, there wasnt anything surgically available to me. All my blood work, liver functions, enzymes are always good. CEA is down to 4.8 Originally was 2800, had gotten as low as 2.1 then crept back up to 23, but now down to 4.8. ...
Chewing gum is associated with enhanced recovery of intestinal function following surgery to remove all or part of the colon, according to an analysis of previously published studies in the August issue of Archives of Surgery.
My first chemo was Oxaliplatin IV and Xeloda pills. I was on this for 3 treatments but had to be taken off because of side effects. I know this medicine is the newest thing and wish I could have taken it. I am now on Camptosar/Irinotecan IV plus I have a 5FU pump that I take home for 46 hours. This treatment seems to be better for me with the side effects. Still have side effects but not as bad as the other.. For me personally, Im down for maybe a few days (right after treatment) but then Im back atem after that! Not as purky AND it of course, then number one side effect from any chemo is Fatigue.. Please tell your hubby to rest. I was never one for naps..but now I have to have them . They do so much good. I learned the hard way. Kept pushing until I got sick so decided...hey...silly..you need to rest! Ha! Just keep a good attitude and keep your energy for moving forward and not backward.. HOpe all works out for you and your hubby.. Youll be in my thoughts.. Take care and if you need anymore ...
By default, all articles on GreenMedInfo.com are sorted based on the content type which best reflects the data which most users are searching for. For instance, people viewing substances are generally most interested in viewing diseases that these substances have shown to have positive influences. This section is for allowing more advanced sorting methods. Currently, these advanced sorting methods are available for members only. If you are already a member, you can sign in by clicking here. If you do not currently have a user account, and would like to create one/become a member, click here to begin the singup process ...
The Open ( Traditional ) technique is still the gold standard to which the other techniques are measured. It is still needed in many situatuations, because curing the disease is the priority, and if open technique gives the patient better results in terms of cure, then this will be the best treatment option that should be selected.
In diverse, practice-based settings, patients with nonspecific abdominal symptoms who are referred for colonoscopy do not have a higher risk of serious colonic pathology than asymptomatic patients.
Colectomy is a colon surgery, in which total or partial removal of the colon is performed. See clinics performing colectomy, learn and compare costs abroad.
Feeling pretty good and getting back to the gym after colitis related colon surgery and figuring out life with a stoma before the final j-pouch procedures.
Feeling pretty good and getting back to the gym after colitis related colon surgery and figuring out life with a stoma before the final j-pouch procedures.
Why would my daughters operation go ahead without the mandatory anti-biotic prophylaxis? Why did my daughter not receive the colon cleansing required for colon surgery? Why did my daughter remain on a liquid diet for eight days and be only receiving 687 calories per day, with no nutritional supplement?-this is a starvation diet! Should below […]. Read More → ...
Savasana (Corpse Pose) This compression will aid elimination by stimulating the transverse colon. Savasana calms the nervous system. Relaxing in ...
It is a very comfortable experience, try it at least once to see what it is like to be rid of so many toxins, with so little effort ...
WASHINGTON (AP) - Dispossessed families of Hurricane Katrina will receive debit cards good for $2,000 to spend on clothing and other immediate needs, the...
Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may cause colonic obstruction. The obstruction may be acute or chronic after years of ... It has been associated to several diseases, including Huntington's disease. Laparotomy for other forms of volvulus, especially ... Although diverticulitis may be the source of a colonic obstruction, it more commonly causes an ileus, which appears to be a ... In approximately 80 percent of colonic obstructions, an invasive carcinoma is found to be the cause of the obstruction. This is ...
ISBN 978-1-901346-67-1. Givel, Jean-Claude (2009). Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to their Management. ... Ehrenpreis, Eli (2003). Anal and Rectal Diseases Explained. Remedica. ...
in 1978 classifies a colonic perforation due to diverticular disease. The classification is I-IV: Hinchey I - localised abscess ... Laparoscopic peritoneal lavage for perforated colonic diverticulitis: a systematic review. Colorectal Disease 12(9):862-7, 2010 ... Hinchey, E.J., Schaal, P.G. and Richard, G.K. Treatment of perforated diverticular disease of the colon. Advances in Surgery 12 ... para-colonic) Hinchey II - pelvic abscess Hinchey III - purulent peritonitis (the presence of pus in the abdominal cavity) ...
Maladie d'Arbuthnot Lane)" [Colonic inertia and rectal obstruction (Arbuthnot Lane disease)]. Annales de Gastroentérologie et ... The syndrome that Lane reported in 1908, "Lane disease" or "Arbuthnot Lane disease", is now usually termed by ... "Lane's disease"-now otherwise termed colonic inertia, which he identified in 1908-which surgeries were controversial but ... Tracing diverse diseases to modern civilization, he urged the people to return to farmland. For his New Health, Lane eventually ...
"Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of colonic diverticular disease". Literature review.. *^ Stefánsson T, Ekbom A, Sparèn P ... Cleave TL 1974 The Saccharine disease Wright Bristol *^ Painter NS (1975) Diverticular disease of the colon. Heinemann Medical ... Comparato G, Pilotto A, Franzè A, Franceschi M, Di Mario F (2007). "Diverticular disease in the elderly". Digestive Diseases. ... "Colonic diverticular disease: medical treatments for acute diverticulitis". BMJ Clinical Evidence. 2011. PMC 3275154. PMID ...
"Intestinal alkaline phosphatase in the colonic mucosa of children with inflammatory bowel disease". World Journal of ... Thus, altered IAP expression has been implicated in chronic inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It ... Concomitant increases of ALP with GGT should raise the suspicion of hepatobiliary disease. Some diseases do not affect the ... Levels are also elevated in people with untreated coeliac disease. Lowered levels of ALP are less common than elevated levels. ...
If the serous membrane is involved, a colonic perforation may ensue. Without treatment, fulminant disease may be life ... disease course, and the impact of the disease on day-to-day life.[17] Mild disease correlates with fewer than four stools daily ... Severity of disease[edit]. In addition to the extent of involvement, UC is also characterized by severity of disease.[17] ... The disease is classified by the extent of involvement, depending on how far the disease extends:[14] proctitis (rectal ...
"Colonic Biopsies to Assess the Neuropathology of Parkinson's Disease and Its Relationship with Symptoms". PLoS ONE. 5 (9): ... researchers have been using colonic biopsies of Parkinson's patients to help better understand and manage Parkinson's disease. ... Hirschsprung's disease is a congenital disorder of the colon in which nerve cells of the myenteric plexus in its walls, also ... Hirschsprung's disease is a form of functional low bowel obstruction due to failure of caudal migration of neuroblasts within ...
Colonoscopy is necessary in colonic and ileal disease. ERCP will show pancreatic and biliary structural abnormalities. 75SeHCAT ... OGD to detect duodenal pathology and obtain D2 biopsy (for coeliac disease, tropical sprue, Whipple's disease, ... as occurs in coeliac disease with extensive involvement of the small intestine. Depending on the nature of the disease process ... For example, pain is common in patients with chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer and Crohn's disease, but it is absent in ...
... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut. 51 (1): 37-43. doi:10.1136/gut.51.1.37. PMC ... Dysregulation of TNF production has been implicated in a variety of human diseases including Alzheimer's disease, cancer, major ... Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... On the other hand some patients treated with TNF inhibitors develop an aggravation of their disease or new onset of ...
Several factors may influence the development of the disease, such as local colonic ischemia, fecal stasis, or mucosal prolapse ... "Diverticular disease associated with inflammatory bowel disease-like colitis: a systematic review". Diseases of the Colon and ... Sladen, GE; Filipe, MI (August 1984). "Is segmental colitis a complication of diverticular disease?". Diseases of the Colon and ... is it the coexistence of colonic diverticulosis and inflammatory bowel disease?". Annals of Gastroenterology. 30 (3): 257-261. ...
Colonoscopy is necessary in colonic and ileal disease.. *ERCP will show pancreatic and biliary structural abnormalities. ... OGD to detect duodenal pathology and obtain D2 biopsy (for coeliac disease, tropical sprue, Whipple's disease, ... Barium enema may be undertaken to see colonic or ileal lesions.. *CT abdomen is useful in ruling out structural abnormality, ... Newnham ED (2017). "Coeliac disease in the 21st century: paradigm shifts in the modern age". J Gastroenterol Hepatol (Review). ...
... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut. 51 (1): 37-43. doi:10.1136/gut.51.1.37. PMC ... Dysregulation of TNF production has been implicated in a variety of human diseases including Alzheimer's disease,[6] cancer,[7] ... Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... These concepts were extended to systemic disease in 1981, when Ian A. Clark, from the Australian National University, in ...
Schofield, P. F.; Jones, D. J. (1992). "ABC of colorectal diseases. Colorectal neoplasia-I: Benign colonic tumours". BMJ ( ... Colonic resection may be required for large lesions. These can also lead to secretory diarrhea with large volume liquid stools ...
Bitterness and Colonic Neoplasms". Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 50 (3): 483-9. doi:10.1007/s10620-005-2462-7. PMID 15810630 ...
... and abundance of lactate is implicated in colonic disease. Additionally, lactate metabolism can lead to butyrate production in ... even leading to biocontrol strategies that use Wolbachia infection to suppress the spread of viral diseases. What role (if any ...
... , specifically colonic diverticulitis, is a gastrointestinal disease characterized by inflammation of abnormal ... Pemberton, John H (16 June 2016). "Colonic diverticulosis and diverticular disease: Epidemiology, risk factors, and ... It is the most frequent anatomic disease of the colon. Costs associated with diverticular disease were around US $2.4 billion a ... Right-sided diverticula are micro-hernias of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through the colonic muscular layer where blood ...
... a certain level of control is required for effective and safe treatment of colonic diseases. The L. lactis system has a 72-hour ... During clinical trials, it has been used to treat forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The most prominently studied ... implemented microbial drug delivery with L. lactis in clinical trials, successfully treating Crohn's disease (CD), a form of ... "A Phase I Trial With Transgenic Bacteria Expressing Interleukin-10 in Crohn's Disease". Clinical Gastroenterology and ...
... a greater number than those with inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. New agents have been ... is important as many cancer survivors of radiation therapy develop other causes for their symptoms such as colonic polyps, ... Min M, Chua B, Guttner Y, Abraham N, Aherne NJ, Hoffmann M, McKay MJ, Shakespeare TP (2014). "Is "pelvic radiation disease" ... Stacey R, Green JT (2014). "Radiation-induced small bowel disease: latest developments and clinical guidance". Ther Adv Chronic ...
... to a Western diet lower in fibre in rising frequencies of appendicitis as well as the other aforementioned colonic diseases in ... "Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Symptoms; Diseases and Conditions". Mayo Clinic. Archived from the original on 2015-05-07. ... Diverticular disease and adenomatous polyps was historically unknown and colon cancer was exceedingly rare in communities where ... "WHO Disease and injury country estimates". World Health Organization. 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. ...
Diagnosis of Crohn's disease was made within 5 to 13 years."(Blanchet C, Luton JP. 2002)"This disease should be diagnostically ... colonic tuberculosis misdiagnosed as anorexia nervosa in a physician at the hospital where she worked - "This patient, who had ... Addison's disease is a disorder of the adrenal cortex which results in decreased hormonal production. Addison's disease, even ... and radiologically and histopathologically as Crohn's disease". The Canadian journal of infectious diseases = Journal canadien ...
... dendritic cell populations in the colonic mucosa of patients with Crohn's disease". European Journal of Immunology. 33 (1): 143 ...
... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut 51 (1): 37-43. PMC 1773288. PMID 12077089. doi ... Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... "A meta-analysis of cytokines in Alzheimer's disease". Biol Psychiatry 68 (10): 930-941. PMID 20692646. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych. ... "Controversies surrounding the comorbidity of depression and anxiety in inflammatory bowel disease patients: a literature review ...
Haboubi, Haboubi (April 2000). "Reporting colonic mucosal biopsies in inflammatory conditions: a new approach". Colorectal ... Disease. 2 (2): 66-72. doi:10.1046/j.1463-1318.2000.00104.x. PMID 23577987. S2CID 40271111. Geraghty JM, Talbot IC (September ...
Colonic emptying after transanal irrigation Bazzocchi G, Poletti E, Pillastrini Christensen, P; Krogh, K; Buntzen, S; Payandeh ... Diseases of the Colon and Rectum. 52 (2): 286-92. doi:10.1007/DCR.0b013e3181979341. PMID 19279425. Christensen, P; Olsen, N; ... Diseases of the Colon and Rectum. 46 (1): 68-76. doi:10.1007/s10350-004-6498-0. PMID 12544524. Christensen, Peter; Bazzocchi, ... Krogh, K; Bacher, T; Laurberg, S (Jan 2003). "Scintigraphic assessment of retrograde colonic washout in fecal incontinence and ...
Multinodular disease was representedby nodular colonic lesions and pseudokidney appearances, while the single-nodular Dapaong ... GIDEON Infectious Diseases - Diseases (oesophagostomiasis). GIDEON Infectious Disease Database. 5 Feb 2009. Sun, Tsieh. ... Single-nodular disease, more commonly known as Dapaong disease, is characterized by the development of a single mass that ... Oesophagostomiasis is generally classified as a zoonotic disease, which is an infectious disease that can be transmitted ...
... and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis DRB1*0103 is associated with colonic Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. DRB1*0101 ... In lyme disease arthritis, *0101 appears to play a role in presentation of triggering microbial antigens. DRB1*0102 is ... Swiss Federal Commission for the Rheumatic Diseases, Subcommission for Research". Rheumatol Int. 6 (2): 89-92. 1986. doi: ... and disease severity in patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis". Hum Immunol. 65 (8): 773-782. doi:10.1016/j.humimm ...
Diverticulosis Hernias Inflammatory bowel disease Colonic volvulus (sigmoid, caecal, transverse colon) Adhesions Constipation ... October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and ... Functional outlet obstruction Inefficient inhibition of the internal anal sphincter Short-segment Hirschsprung's disease Chagas ... Small bowel obstruction caused by Crohn's disease, peritoneal carcinomatosis, sclerosing peritonitis, radiation enteritis, and ...
... unlike mice fed a control diet producing one-tenth the level of colonic DCA who had no colonic neoplasia.[39][40] ... It is commonly found when the ileum is abnormal or has been surgically removed, as in Crohn's disease, or cause a condition ... Mice fed a diet with added DCA mimicking colonic DCA levels in humans on a high fat diet developed colonic neoplasia, including ... Exposure of colonic cells to high DCA concentrations increase formation of reactive oxygen species, causing oxidative stress, ...
... and IgG4-related disease.[27] There is some evidence that it is ineffective in treating IgA-mediated autoimmune diseases.[28] ... colo-" (colonic tumor). Edrecolomab. Nacolomab tafenatox. Chimeric ("-tuxi-"). *Amatuximab§. *Bavituximab§. *Brentuximab ... Autoimmune diseases[edit]. Rituximab has been shown to be an effective rheumatoid arthritis treatment in three randomised ... Bosch, Xavier; Ramos-Casals, Manuel; Khamashta, Munther A. (2013). Drugs Targeting B-Cells in Autoimmune Diseases. Springer ...
Colorectal Disease. 10 (8): 789-792. doi:10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01381.x. PMID 17868406.. ... which may be useful in case of fecal incontinence or neurologic diseases, including traumatic spinal cord injuries; ... acute abdominal symptoms indicating a serious underlying disease). Although a Journal of Emergency Medicine paper concludes: " ...
功能性结肠疾病(英语:Functional colonic disease) *大腸激躁症 ... 食道(英语:Esophageal disease). *食管炎(英语:Esophagitis) *食管念珠菌感染(英语:Esophageal candidiasis) ... 病理/条件源/母体传递(英语:Template:Diseases of maternal transmission), 齐名(英语:Template:Eponymous medical signs for
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Such injury could be the result of infection, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or other diseases.[1][4] ... Irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, milk allergy[1]. Treatment. Decreasing lactose in the ... GSD type III (Cori's disease, debranching enzyme deficiency). *GSD type VI (Hers' disease, liver glycogen phosphorylase ...
Functional colonic disease (IBS, Intestinal pseudoobstruction/Ogilvie syndrome) - Megacolon/Toxic megacolon · Diverticulitis/ ... Hepatic veno-occlusive disease, ஈரல் வாயினாள மிகையழுத்தம், Nutmeg liver) · Alcoholic liver disease · Liver failure ( ... இரையக அழற்சி (Atrophic, Ménétrier's disease, இரையகக்குடலிய அழற்சி) · வயிற்றுப் புண் (Cushing ulcer, Dieulafoy's lesion) · ... http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/zollinger-ellison-syndrome/basics/definition/con-20024097. ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Bell's stage 1 (suspected disease): *Mild systemic disease (apnea, lethargy,[7] slowed heart rate, temperature instability) ... Where the disease is not halted through medical treatment alone, or when the bowel perforates, immediate emergency surgery to ... The exact cause is unclear.[1] Risk factors include congenital heart disease, birth asphyxia, exchange transfusion, and ...
Mouth diseases include tongue diseases and salivary gland diseases. A common gum disease in the mouth is gingivitis which is ... "Simultaneous measurement of gastric emptying, small bowel residence and colonic filling of a solid meal by the use of the ... It can also arise as a result of other gastrointestinal diseases such as coeliac disease. Coeliac disease is an autoimmune ... Crohn's disease is a common chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which can affect any part of the GI tract,[45] but it ...
Lycopene: Its role in human health and disease, Rao 'et al.'. AGROFood industry hi-tech, juuli/august 2003. Veebiversioon. ... on colonic aberrant crypt foci formation in rats. - Cancer Lett, 1996, kd 107, nr 1, lk 137-142. Resümee. Resümee. ... 42,0 42,1 Journal of the American College of Nutrition: Role of Antioxidant Lycopene in Cancer and Heart Disease ... Unique Tomatoes Tops In Disease-Fighting Antioxidants, medicalnewstoday.com *↑ Ishida BK, Turner C, Chapman MH, McKeon TA. ...
Inflammatory bowel disease[edit]. Probiotics are being studied for their potential to influence inflammatory bowel disease. ... results from an imbalance in the colonic microbiota caused by antibiotic therapy.[78] These microbial community alterations ... Alvarez-Olmos MI, Oberhelman RA (2001). "Probiotic agents and infectious diseases: a modern perspective on a traditional ... Acid Bacteria and Bifidobacteria in the Prevention and Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Other Related Diseases: A ...
Krishnamurthy, Gerbail T.; Krishnamurthy, Shakuntala (31 July 2009). Nuclear Hepatology: A Textbook of Hepatobiliary Diseases. ... In the absence of gallbladder disease, the gallbladder is visualized within 1 hour of the injection of the radioactive tracer. ... The nuclear medicine hepatobiliary scan is clinically useful in the detection of the gallbladder disease. ... "Revised estimates of diagnostic test sensitivity and specificity in suspected biliary tract disease". Arch Intern Med. 154 (22 ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ...
Lycopene: Its role in human health and disease, Rao 'et al.', AGROFood industry hi-tech, July/August 2003 [2] Arquivado 16 de ... on colonic aberrant crypt foci formation in rats". Cancer Lett 107 (1): 137-142. PMID 8913278. doi:10.1016/0304-3835(96)04354-6 ... "Unique Tomatoes Tops In Disease-Fighting Antioxidants". Medical News Today. March 5, 2007. Consultado o 2014-08-19.. ... "Journal of the American College of Nutrition: Role of Antioxidant Lycopene in Cancer and Heart Disease". Arquivado dende o ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... "WHO , Diarrhoeal Diseases". Archived from the original on 15 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-19.. ... Transmission is fecal-oral and is remarkable for the small number of organisms that may cause disease (10 ingested organisms ... "Trend and disease burden of bacillary dysentery in China (1991-2000)". Bull. World Health Organ. 84 (7): 561-8. doi:10.2471/ ...
하지만, 장 폐쇄의 증상이 있으면서 물리적인 장 폐쇄는 없는 경우가 있는데 이를 "급성 대장성 거짓폐쇄증" (acute colonic pseudoobstruction), 또는 오길비 증후군 (Ogilvie's syndrome) ... Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. Intestinal Obstruction and Ileus. 8/e. Elsevier Saunders, 2006. ...
Kastan MB (2008). "DNA damage responses: mechanisms and roles in human disease: 2007 G.H.A. Clowes Memorial Award Lecture". Mol ... in one study of colon tumors compared to adjacent normal-appearing colonic mucosa, 1,734 CpG islands were heavily methylated in ...
... activity in the colonic mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease". Gut 51 (1): 37-43. PMC 1773288. PMID 12077089. doi ... Clark IA (June-August 2007). "How TNF was recognized as a key mechanism of disease". Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 18 (3-4): 335- ... "A meta-analysis of cytokines in Alzheimer's disease". Biol Psychiatry 68 (10): 930-941. PMID 20692646. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych. ... "Controversies surrounding the comorbidity of depression and anxiety in inflammatory bowel disease patients: a literature review ...
The gut microbiota have been studied in relation to allergic airway disease, obesity, gastrointestinal diseases and diabetes. ... that promoted accumulation of colonic regulatory T cells, and strains that modulated mouse adiposity and cecal metabolite ... Coral bleaching is the most serious of these diseases. In the Mediterranean Sea, the bleaching of Oculina patagonica was first ... Rosenberg E, Koren O, Reshef L, Efrony R, Zilber-Rosenberg I (2007). "The role of microorganisms in coral health, disease and ...
... but no information is obtained regarding extraluminal disease.[21] Radiographic imaging in Crohn's disease provides clinicians ... diarrhoea and in particular diseases manifesting mucosal abnormalities such as coeliac and Crohn's disease.[19] ... Dambha, F; Tanner, J; Carroll, N (Jun 2014). "Diagnostic imaging in Crohn's disease: what is the new gold standard?". Best ... Enteroclysis has shown to be very accurate in diagnosing small bowel diseases, with a sensitivity of 93.1% and specificity of ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... The potential risk in human beings must be weighed against the severity of the disease. The oral dose of 400 mg. thrice daily ... In patients having myocardial disease or marked hypertension, emetine can be used for amoebic liver abscess, as the benefits ...
... as well as colonic motility .... The presence of orexin-A and its receptors has been shown in human kidneys and urine ... These ... as irritable bowel syndrome because visceral hypersensitivity of the gut is considered to play a vital role in the diseases.. ... accompanied with a rise in BAT and colonic temperatures (Monda et al., 2001).. ... "Antinociceptive action against colonic distension by brain orexin in conscious rats". Brain Res. 1598: 12-17. doi:10.1016/j. ...
2008). "Human colonic microbiota associated with diet, obesity and weight loss". International Journal of Obesity. 32 (11): ... Spirochaetes, notable for compartmentalisation and species include Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease. ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... http://www.indg.in/health/diseases/d2ed32d2cd28d4dd27d02 പുറത്തേക്കുള്ള കണ്ണികൾ[തിരുത്തുക]. ശരീരശാസ്ത്രവുമായി ബന്ധപ്പെട്ട ഈ ... http://www.indg.in/health/diseases/d2ed32d2cd28d4dd27d02 *↑ ... Alcoholic liver disease. *Liver failure *Hepatic encephalopathy ...
Shiga toxin is an infectious disease caused by the rod shaped Shigella dysenteriae as well as Escherichia coli (STEC), and is ... colonic epithelial, and brain microvascular endothelial cell lines". Infection and Immunity. 81 (3): 673-83. doi:10.1128/IAI. ... The AB5 toxins are six-component protein complexes secreted by certain pathogenic bacteria known to cause human diseases such ... Gutkind, edited by Toren Finkel, J. Silvio (2003). Signal Transduction and Human Disease. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Diseases of the Esophagus". Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 17e. *^ Burkitt DP (1981). "Hiatus hernia: is it ... The clinical significance of type I hernias is in their association with reflux disease. Sliding hernias are the most common ... Although type II hernias are associated with reflux disease, their primary clinical significance lies in the potential for ...
Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 8 April 2009.. ... and ingest colonic contents.[24] ... Infectious diseases. *Parasitic disease: helminthiases *B65-B83 ... "International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) 10th Revision. World Health Organization ... Cook, Gordon C; Zumla, Alimuddin I (2009). Manson's tropical diseases (22nd ed.). Saunders Elsevier. pp. 1515-1519. ISBN 978-1- ...
... type of disease, and/or progression of disease when combined with other disease markers.[19][93] ... Colonic mucosal explants from Sprague-Dawley rats and human colon cancer HT29 cells add glutathione to 13-oxo-ODE in a Michael ... Involvement in human diseases[edit]. Atherosclerosis[edit]. In atherosclerosis, an underlying cause of Coronary artery disease ... cardiovascular disease-related atheroma plaques, neurodegenerative disease, etc. (see oxidative stress).[21][19] ...
Organ-specific autoimmune diseases induced in mice by elimination of T cell subset. I. Evidence for the active participation of ... Commensal microbe-derived butyrate induces the differentiation of colonic regulatory T cells. „Nature". 504 (7480), s. 446-450 ... OX-22high CD4+ T cells induce wasting disease with multiple organ pathology: prevention by the OX-22low subset. „J Exp Med". ... CD4(+)CD25(+) immunoregulatory T Cells: new therapeutics for graft-versus-host disease. „J Exp Med". 196 (3), s. 401-406, ...
Functional colonic disease *IBS. *Intestinal pseudoobstruction / Ogilvie syndrome. *Megacolon / Toxic megacolon. * ... Other than surgery, endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease are typical causes. Surgery inside the uterine cavity (e.g., ... Colvin, HS; Rajab, TK (June 2010). "Adhesion prevention by hydroflotation". Colorectal Disease. 12 (6): 606. doi:10.1111/j.1463 ...
... inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, diverticular disease, Crohns disease, and constipation. Here the authors ... In Colonic Diseases, Timothy R. Koch, MD, has assembled a panel of innovative basic researchers, esteemed clinical ... Timely and cutting-edge, Colonic Diseases explains the origins and treatment of common colorectal disorders, blending the ... of disease with new outcomes and epidemiological research to improve our present and future understanding of colonic diseases ...
99m Tc-Sucralfate scintigraphy and colonic disease Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 295 :1135 ... 99m Tc-Sucralfate scintigraphy and colonic disease. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 295 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.295.6606. ...
Options for Treating Hirschsprungs Disease. Specific treatment for Hirschsprungs disease will be determined by your childs ... Possible Complications After Hirschsprungs Disease Surgery. Most people who undergo surgery for Hirschsprungs disease recover ... Hirschsprungs disease is a condition that causes a baby to be born with nerve cells in his or her intestines missing. ... If the disease affects only a small portion of the bowel, it may take long to discover the problem. ...
... treatments for uncomplicated diverticular disease; treatments to prevent complications; and treatments for acute diverticulitis ...
Diseases of the large intestine can affect your colons ability to work properly. See how diet, medicines, and in some cases ... ClinicalTrials.gov: Colonic Diseases (National Institutes of Health) * ClinicalTrials.gov: Intestinal Diseases (National ... Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease and its severity. Treatment may involve diet, medicines ... URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/colonicdiseases.html Colonic Diseases Also called: Large intestine diseases ...
... Alan A Weiss and David A Owen ...
... Bei der Büchersuchmaschine eurobuch.com können Sie antiquarische und Neubücher VERGLEICHEN UND SOFORT zum ... Books, Medical~~Clinical & Internal Medicine~~Diseases & Disorders, Colonic Diseases~~Book~~9780896039612, , , , , , , , , ,, [ ... inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, diverticular disease, Crohns disease, and constipation. Here the authors ... In Colonic Diseases, Timothy R. Koch, MD, has assembled a panel of innovative basic researchers, esteemed clinical ...
Diverticular Disease: Colonic Epidemy of the 21st Century. Andrés García-Marín, MD, PhD (Editor). Deparment of Surgery, ... Home / Shop / Books / Medicine and Health / Diverticular Disease: Colonic Epidemy of the 21st Century. ... ISBN: N/A Categories: Nova Medicine and Health, 2019, Digestive Diseases - Research and Clinical Developments, Upcoming ... Diverticular disease is one of the most common problems encountered by gastroenterologists, emergency physicians and surgeons, ...
Colonic Volvulus: Not Only a Disease of the Elderly. Introduction: Colonic volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction ... Conclusion: Colonic volvulus should be considered as a cause of large bowel obstruction in patients of any age. While cecal ... Methods: This study describes a retrospective review of all adult patients who were evaluated for colonic volvulus between 1988 ...
Colonic mucosa-associated microbiota is influenced by an interaction of Crohn disease and FUT2 (Secretor) genotype. Philipp ... Colonic mucosa-associated microbiota is influenced by an interaction of Crohn disease and FUT2 (Secretor) genotype ... Colonic mucosa-associated microbiota is influenced by an interaction of Crohn disease and FUT2 (Secretor) genotype ... Colonic mucosa-associated microbiota is influenced by an interaction of Crohn disease and FUT2 (Secretor) genotype ...
... condition causing abdominal cramping and other symptoms Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease ... Some of these include Colorectal cancer Colonic polyps - extra tissue growing in the colon that can become cancerous Ulcerative ...
Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized ... Colonic Diseases, Functional; Colonic Disease, Functional; Disease, Functional Colonic; Diseases, Functional Colonic; ... Gastrointestinal Diseases: 1735*Intestinal Diseases: 773*Colonic Diseases: 226*Functional Colonic Diseases: 7*Irritable Bowel ... Functional Colonic Diseases. Subscribe to New Research on Functional Colonic Diseases Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders ...
Regression of a giant pseudopolyp in a patient with colonic Crohns disease after therapy with infliximab.. Sánchez Melgarejo ... We report the case of a 43-year-old female patient with Crohns disease (CD) in clinical remission, with no specific treatment ... Giant inflammatory pseudopolyps (, 15 mm) are an uncommon complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and a differential ...
Inflammatory Bowel DiseasesVolume 15, Issue 7, Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2009. ...
The majority published works consider PC of CRC origin as a homogenous disease. Aim of this study is to stress the different ... 22.0 months, p 0.008). 3- and 5-year survival rate is 74 and 50% in colonic group vs. 20 and 0% in rectal group. ... Authors should differentiate colonic and rectal origin of PC when reporting cases in the literature. ... Rectal origin PC has a more aggressive behavior compared to colonic origin, reflecting in a worst prognosis of patients ...
Treatment with oral bromelain decreases colonic inflammation in the IL-10-deficient murine model of inflammatory bowel disease. ... In this study, the clinical and histologic severity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was determined in IL-10-/- mice treated ... Bromelain also significantly decreased the clinical and histologic severity of colonic inflammation when administered to ... was anecdotally reported to induce clinical and endoscopic remission of ulcerative colitis in two patients whose disease was ...
"Biopsy Interpretation of Colonic Biopsies When Inflammatory Bowel Disease Is Excluded." Journal of Gastroenterology 47 (3) ( ... The interpretation of colonic biopsies related to inflammatory conditions can be challenging because the colorectal mucosa has ... and many of the various histological patterns reflect severity and duration of the disease. Importantly the correlation with ...
Surgical management of colonic diverticular disease: discrepancy between right- and left-sided diseases. ... Colonic diverticulosis is a disease characterized by the existence of multiple diverticula in the intestinal wall. If symptoms ... Diagnosis and Management of Right Colonic Diverticular Disease: A Review Diagnóstico y tratamiento de la enfermedad ... Inicio Cirugía Española (English Edition) Diagnosis and Management of Right Colonic Diverticular Disease: A Review ...
... and management of kidney diseases and associated disorders, including cancer. The journal especially welcomes submissions on ... Colonic Mucosal Ulceration and Gastrointestinal Bleeding Associated with Sevelamer Crystal Deposition in a Patient with End ... Sudheer Nambiar, Unnikrishnan Kunjan Pillai, Joe Devasahayam, Tony Oliver, and Asha Karippot, "Colonic Mucosal Ulceration and ... Stage Renal Disease. Sudheer Nambiar,1 Unnikrishnan Kunjan Pillai,2 Joe Devasahayam,3 Tony Oliver,4 and Asha Karippot5 ...
Diseases that affect the colon include infections, inflammation, inadequate blood supply, obstructions, cancers, etc. ... Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that is at the end of the ... Colonic Diseases (Overview) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ... Colonic Diseases (Overview) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ...
Sulphation of Colonic Mucin in Ulcerative Colitis and Crohns Disease. A.H. Raouf, H.H. Tsai, N. Parker, J. Hoffman, J.M. ... Sulphation of Colonic Mucin in Ulcerative Colitis and Crohns Disease. A.H. Raouf, H.H. Tsai, N. Parker, J. Hoffman, J.M. ... Sulphation of Colonic Mucin in Ulcerative Colitis and Crohns Disease Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ...
Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Colonic Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Intra-Operative Variables.. Kandace M Kichler, MD, ... Only 39.3% (273 patients) suffered from benign disease requiring colectomy, whereas the remaining 60.7% (421 patients) ... has been proven to be a safe and effective alternative to laparoscopic techniques in the treatment of colorectal diseases, ...
The answer to this question really depends on the specific type of colonic disease you are wondering about. There are several ... What does getting colonic diseases mean in the long run? Depends. ... disease processes of the colon, each with different outcomes and prognosis. ... Colonic Diseases (Definition) Colonic diseases are diseases of the colon, which is ones large bowels or the part of bowel that ...
Single-incision versus standard multi-incision laparoscopic colectomy in patients with malignant or benign colonic disease. ... Single-incision versus standard multi-incision laparoscopic colectomy in patients with malignant or benign colonic disease ( ...
Colonic and Anorectal Motility in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. In: Delaini G.G. (eds) Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Familial ... OBrien MD, Phillips SF (1996) Colonic motility in health and disease. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 25:147-162PubMedCrossRef ... Smith AS, Scott D SMID (2005) Impaired capsaicin and neurokinin-evoked colonic motility in inflammatory bowel disease. J ... Vu MK, Gielkens HA, van Hogezand RA, et al (2000) Gallbladder motility in Crohns disease: influence of disease localization ...
... ... 5 Crohns disease (CD) and 7 ulcerative colitis (UC)) patients and 6 healthy volunteers (HV) on colonic afferent nerves. ... In contrast to CD FS, UC FS reduced the mechanosensitivity of colonic afferent nerves (P,0.05). IBS FS also increased the basal ... The effects of FS were assessed using ex-vivo extracellular recordings of colonic afferent nerves of the distal colon of ...
... modulates the colonic microenvironment in healthy C57Bl/6 male mice which may alter susceptibility to gut-associated diseases. ... Additionally, FS enhanced colonic regenerating islet-derived protein 3 gamma (RegIIIγ) and reduced MUC1 and resistin-like ... Power, K.A., Lepp, D., Zarepoor, L., Monk, J.M., Wu, W., Tsao, R., and Liu, R. (2016). Dietary flaxseed modulates the colonic ... modulates the colonic microenvironment in healthy C57Bl/6 male mice which may alter susceptibility to gut-associated diseases. ...
Ileal and colonic fatty acid profiles in patients with active Crohns disease. ... Ileal and colonic fatty acid profiles in patients with active Crohns disease. ... Ileal and colonic fatty acid profiles in patients with active Crohns disease. ...
Home Cancers Colonic Tissue Obtained during Colonoscopy or Flexible Sigmoidoscopy May Be Used to Predict Parkinsons Disease ... Colonic Tissue Obtained during Colonoscopy or Flexible Sigmoidoscopy May Be Used to Predict Parkinsons Disease. ... Currently, Parkinsons disease afflicts almost 5 million people worldwide. It is projected that by 2030, Parkinsons disease ... Clinical signs of intestinal disease, such as constipation, Parkinsons disease diagnosis by more than a decade. These studies ...
Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease. ... Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease. ... Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease. ...
  • Their review of the diagnosis and treatment of common colonic disorders covers colorectal neoplasia, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ulcerative colitis, diverticular disease, Crohn's disease, and constipation. (springer.com)
  • The aim of this narrative review is to define the clinical-pathological characteristics and to clarify the management of right colonic diverticular disease. (elsevier.es)
  • Currently the management of this disease is not well defined, no clear guidelines have been proposed and it is not known whether the guidelines for left colonic diverticular disease can also be applied for it. (elsevier.es)
  • Colonic diverticular disease (diverticulosis) is a common disorder in Western countries. (bmj.com)
  • Interstitial cells of Cajal and glial cells are decreased in colonic diverticular disease, whereas enteric neurones appear to be normally represented. (bmj.com)
  • Diverticulosis and diverticulitis are also called diverticular disease. (alldiseases.org)
  • The postulate that low dietary fiber, particularly non-soluble fiber (also known in older parlance as " roughage ") predisposes individuals to diverticular disease is supported within the medical literature. (alldiseases.org)
  • Diverticular disease is common in developed countries where low-fibre diets are common. (alldiseases.org)
  • Colonic motility disorders, ingestion of corticosteroids, and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be predisposing factors in the development of diverticular disease. (alldiseases.org)
  • Diverticular disease is a common condition affecting large intestine in the western world , which, although remains asymptomatic in majority of people, can present with abdominal pain , acute diverticulitis , perforation, haemorrhage, intestinal obstruction and fistulation through neighbouring organs. (bvsalud.org)
  • Complicated colonic diverticular disease (CDD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality . (bvsalud.org)
  • The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of the epidemiology , pathophysiology, clinical presentations, and current management of diverticular disease of the colon and its complications . (bvsalud.org)
  • because it does not contain all layers of the bowel, it is considered a pseudodiverticulum (see also Definition of Diverticular Disease ). (merckmanuals.com)
  • This constellation is sometimes referred to as symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) . (merckmanuals.com)
  • Complications of colonic diverticular disease are more common in people who smoke, are obese, or use NSAIDs. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Segmental colitis associated with diverticular disease (SCAD) refers to manifestations of colitis (eg, hematochezia, abdominal pain, diarrhea) that develop in a few (1%) of patients with diverticulosis. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Diverticular disease is a group of conditions that affect your large intestine (colon). (familydoctor.org)
  • Aiello, F 2006, ' Epithelial cell proliferation index of the colonic mucosa in colonic diverticular disease ', Digestive and Liver Disease , vol. 38 suppl.1, pp. (unipa.it)
  • Background Corticosteroids are a potential risk factor for mortality in patients with perforated diverticular disease, due to blinding of disease severity, hampered wound healing or adrenal insufficiency. (bmj.com)
  • We examined mortality in corticosteroid users and non-users among patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Methods A cohort study based on medical databases including all patients ≥18 years in Denmark (source population 5 289 261 inhabitants) admitted to a hospital with incident perforated diverticular disease between 2005 and 2013. (bmj.com)
  • Results The study included 4640 patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions Corticosteroid use was associated with clearly increased mortality risk after perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • The incidence of perforated diverticular disease is ∼4 per 100 000 persons each year. (bmj.com)
  • Mortality risk after perforated diverticular disease requiring operative intervention has been reported to be 12-36% in small cohort studies. (bmj.com)
  • Use of corticosteroids is a potential risk factor affecting mortality in patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • This is the first large cohort study comparing mortality risks between corticosteroid users and non-users among patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Use of systemic corticosteroids should be regarded as an important risk marker for mortality in patients with perforated diverticular disease. (bmj.com)
  • Background: Several studies have demonstrated favorable outcomes for laparoscopic surgery over open surgery for the treatment of diverticular disease. (elsevier.com)
  • Bleeding related to diverticular disease occurs in 10 to 30% of patients suffering from diverticular disease. (asrjetsjournal.org)
  • Gabrielli F, Chiarelli M, Guttadauro A, Poggi L, Pauna I, Lovaria A. Il sanguinamento nella malattia diverticolare del colon [Bleeding in diverticular disease of the colon]. (asrjetsjournal.org)
  • Right-sided colonic diverticular disease as a source of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. (asrjetsjournal.org)
  • Keller P, Marescaux J. Hémorragie des diverticules coliques [Colonic diverticular haemorrhage]. (asrjetsjournal.org)
  • Diverticular disease is when problems occur due to diverticulosis, a condition defined by the presence of pouches in the wall of the large intestine (diverticula). (wikipedia.org)
  • Colonic perforation due to diverticular disease may be classified using the Hinchey Classification. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of these include Colorectal cancer Colonic polyps - extra tissue growing in the colon that can become cancerous Ulcerative colitis - ulcers of the colon and rectum Diverticulitis - inflammation or infection of pouches in the colon Irritable bowel syndrome - an uncomfortable condition causing abdominal cramping and other symptoms Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease and its severity. (medications.com)
  • Treatment with oral bromelain decreases colonic inflammation in the IL-10-deficient murine model of inflammatory bowel disease. (nih.gov)
  • Bromelain also significantly decreased the clinical and histologic severity of colonic inflammation when administered to piroxicam-exposed IL-10-/- mice with established colitis. (nih.gov)
  • Dietary flaxseed (FS) has demonstrated anti-colon cancer effects in numerous rodent models, however, exacerbated acute colonic mucosal injury and inflammation in a colitis model. (gc.ca)
  • Crohn's disease (CD) is a debilitating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that arises from chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. (elsevier.com)
  • Their detection could have diagnostic potential in differentiating ulcerative colitis from other forms of colonic inflammation including Crohn's disease. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Some of the side effects of NSAIDs on the large bowel are rare, such as erosions, solitary or multiple ulcers, inflammation (which may resemble classic inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]), aggravation of diverticulitis , or even appendicitis in the elderly (Bjarnason et al, 1987). (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • Since PSC occurs without IBD, colonic inflammation is not necessary for PSC development. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • However, in patients with IBD, colonic inflammation is very important. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • [ 7 ] CF lung disease is characterized by chronic airway inflammation and infection, leading to early structural changes of the airways, such as airway wall thickening and mucus plugging. (medscape.com)
  • We showed that Parkinson's disease (PD) patients have alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) aggregation in their colon with evidence of colonic inflammation. (cdc.gov)
  • Disease progression (disease activity index, weight loss, and mortality) and postmortem colonic histopathology (inflammation, bowel wall thickness, and myeloperoxidase) were measured. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Acute colonic inflammation induced in rats by the PAR2 agonist SLIGRL-NH 2 was inhibited by oral administration of GB88 (10 mg/kg) with markedly reduced edema, mucin depletion, PAR2 receptor internalization, and mastocytosis. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Previous studies of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have yielded inconclusive results for the composition and relationship between the microbiota and topographic distribution of inflammation. (microbiota-site.com)
  • Dietary red meat aggravated the severity of colitis based on clinical signs of disease (negative performance score) and histopathological parameters in the colon such as erosion/ulceration and the overall inflammation score but no negative effects were observed on systemic health or small intestinal permeability. (au.dk)
  • The present study emphasizes the potential of diet to modulate mucosal inflammation and that a red meat diet might be a risk factor for the development of inflammatory bowel disease. (au.dk)
  • Indeed, inflammation was associated with disruption of colonic homeostasis, fulminant epithelial/tumor cell proliferation, and activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-Stat3 pathway in epithelial and tumor cells. (elsevier.com)
  • 3 Most cases of colonic stenosis develop later in life and are caused by injury or inflammation . (nih.gov)
  • People are more likely to develop colonic stenosis later in life if they have an injury or inflammation of the colon that may cause stenosis. (nih.gov)
  • Injury or inflammation of the colon may cause colonic stenosis at any time during a person's life. (nih.gov)
  • The interpretation of colonic biopsies related to inflammatory conditions can be challenging because the colorectal mucosa has a limited repertoire of morphologic responses to various injurious agents. (harvard.edu)
  • CD involved both side of the colon and ulcers were more than five in number, linear or oval in shape, less than 2 cm, longitudinal orientation, dirty yellow color and intervening mucosa contain aphthous ulcers or cobble stoning Conclusion: Colonic tuberculosis and Crohn's disease has distinct endoscopic and distribution pattern with some overlap. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The alterations in the nerve fibers of lamina propria were evaluated in the colon cancer (29 cases), adenomatous polyps (11 cases), Peutz-Jeghers type polyps (9 cases), juvenile polyps (9 cases), inflammatory polyps (9 cases), metaplastic polyps (9 cases), and normal colonic mucosa as control (29 cases). (nii.ac.jp)
  • In this study, we evaluated the morphological features of a large number of ACF in colon mucosa of 26 patients with colorectal carcinoma (CRC), four patients with adenoma as well as seven patients with nonneoplastic colonic diseases. (nih.gov)
  • Colonic epithelial cells from all 21 control subjects with histologically normal colonic mucosa were HLA-DR-. In contrast, in nine of 13 patients with active ulcerative colitis and 11 of 12 with active Crohn's disease the epithelium of involved colonic mucosa was HLA-DR+. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Moreover, these antigens were not present on the epithelium of non-inflamed colonic mucosa in two patients with Crohn's disease in whom adjacent involved mucosa showed strong epithelial reactivity. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The distribution of cells containing various subclasses of IgG and IgA were studied in the rectal and colonic mucosa from 14 paediatric patients with ulcerative colitis and four patients with Crohn's disease, as well as, from rectal biopsy specimens of 10 control subjects using monoclonal antibodies and the peroxidase method. (elsevier.com)
  • In the children with ulcerative colitis the number of IgG4 cells in the colonic mucosa was also significantly increased. (elsevier.com)
  • Dr Claeson's team examined paired biopsies from inflamed and non-inflamed segments of colonic mucosa from a large number of IBD patients and healthy controls using high throughput sequencing for microbiota composition and host/microbe expression, and bead arrays for host genetic and epigenetic analyses. (microbiota-site.com)
  • MUC1 is expressed at low levels on the apical surface of ductal epithelial cells in several organs including on the colonic epithelium ( 10 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Apart from being the preferred energy source for colonic epithelial cells, butyrate is involved in anti-inflammatory, enteroendocrine and epigenetic mechanisms that influence colonic and systemic health, including brain function. (frontiersin.org)
  • Notably, a similar abnormal up-regulation of mTOR-Stat3 signaling was consistently observed in the colonic epithelial cells of human IBD patients with active disease. (elsevier.com)
  • Main Recent Studies About the Treatment of Right Colonic Diverticulitis. (elsevier.es)
  • Many trypsin-like serine proteases such as β-tryptase are involved in the pathogenesis of colitis and inflammatory bowel diseases. (aspetjournals.org)
  • His research activities which focus on neonatal and adolescent inflammatory bowel diseases and new techniques in minimally invasive surgery are regularly funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). (springer.com)
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 14 (4), 437-445. (mpg.de)
  • New areas of potential treatment not presently available for patients with chronic symptoms are also examined, along with the advanced treatment techniques currently in use at the Cleveland Clinic (for ulcerative colitis), The University of Chicago (for Crohn's disease), the Mayo Clinic (for irritable bowel syndrome), and the MD Anderson Cancer Center (for colorectal cancer). (springer.com)
  • Regression of a giant pseudopolyp in a patient with colonic Crohn's disease after therapy with infliximab. (nih.gov)
  • We report the case of a 43-year-old female patient with Crohn's disease (CD) in clinical remission, with no specific treatment at the time. (nih.gov)
  • Are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease hereditary? (healthtap.com)
  • It is a condition, a disease state that can be seen with infection, medication, trauma, neoplasm and a number of autoimmune problem such as crohn's disease. (healthtap.com)
  • Crohn's disease is not restricted to just your colon. (healthtap.com)
  • Annese V, Bassotti G, Napolitano G et al (1997) Gastrointestinal motility disorders in patients with inactive Crohn's disease. (springer.com)
  • Annese V, Bassotti G, Napolitano G et al (1995) Gastric emptying of solids in patients with nonobstructive Crohn's disease is sometimes delayed. (springer.com)
  • Therefore, to examine the role of the microbiota in pain in these disorders, this thesis aimed to determine the effects of fecal supernatants (FS) from patients with active IBD (5 Crohn's disease (CD) and 7 ulcerative colitis (UC)) patients and 6 healthy volunteers (HV) on colonic afferent nerves. (queensu.ca)
  • Ileal and colonic fatty acid profiles in patients with active Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • Enhanced colonic nitric oxide generation and nitric oxide synthase activity in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • The causes of nonspecific inflammatory diseases of the intestinal tract--Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and intestinal Behcet's disease--are unknown. (nii.ac.jp)
  • A 70-year-old Arabic African man with undiagnosed Crohn's disease presented with acute abdominal obstruction due to an occlusive carcinoma of the sigmoid. (oalib.com)
  • At laparotomy, the colonic tumor was excised with continuity restored by end-to-end anastomosis.The risk of colonic carcinoma in Crohn's disease is increasing. (oalib.com)
  • Endoscopic differentiation of Colonic Tuberculosis (CTB) and Crohn's Disease (CD) in tuberculosis endemic area. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Aim: To define the endoscopic features and distribution of colonic tuberculosis (CTB) and Crohn's disease (CD) for early diagnosis. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Increased expression of CD44v6 and CD44v3 in ulcerative colitis but not colonic Crohn's disease. (ox.ac.uk)
  • No expression of CD44 variants was found in 15 samples of normal small intestine, 11 small-bowel pouchitis, 8 coeliac disease, 3 small-bowel Crohn's disease, 6 normal liver, 6 primary biliary cirrhosis, or 9 primary sclerosing cholangitis. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Among the 13 patients with Crohn's disease, none had isolated small bowel disease. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • all 10 PSC patients with Crohn's disease had colonic involvement. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • 12. The method of claim 8, wherein the inflammatory bowel disease is ulcerative colitis, colonic Crohn's disease or regional enteritis. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • [0001] The present invention relates to therapeutic agents for inflammatory bowel disease which treat inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis, colonic Crohn's disease and regional enteritis by delivering an active ingredient to the large intestine. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease result from an interaction between genetic and environmental factors. (bmj.com)
  • a minority of people with alteration of this gene develop Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • This supports the idea that Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis result from altered immunological responses to the normal intestinal flora. (bmj.com)
  • Life expectancy is normal in ulcerative colitis and nearly so in Crohn's disease, but both conditions cause considerable morbidity. (bmj.com)
  • Approximately 80% of patients with Crohn's disease eventually require surgery, and about 25% of patients with ulcerative colitis require colectomy. (bmj.com)
  • Treatment of ulcerative colitis is generally by corticosteroids for acute disease and mesalazine for maintenance, but the range of therapies for Crohn's disease is expanding. (bmj.com)
  • High dosages of corticosteroids may provide symptomatic relief in Crohn's disease but do not affect the long term natural history of the disease, and management strategies should avoid using steroids whenever possible. (bmj.com)
  • Since we do not fully understand the pathogenesis of either ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, diagnostic criteria for these conditions have evolved by consensus and dogma over many years. (bmj.com)
  • In their most typical clinical forms-for example, stricturing terminal ileal or ileocaecal Crohn's disease and continuous distal ulcerative colitis-there is little argument that the conditions are separate in terms of their genetics, predisposing environmental factors, and response to treatment. (bmj.com)
  • We now know that the NOD2/CARD15 genetic abnormality is not associated with isolated colonic Crohn's disease, and it is very likely that "typical" ulcerative colitis and isolated colonic Crohn's disease are extreme forms of a phenotypic spectrum rather than completely distinct conditions. (bmj.com)
  • Isolated colonic Crohn's disease, for example, may respond to antibiotics such as metronidazole whereas ulcerative colitis does not, and pouch surgery is more likely to be followed by pouchitis if the preoperative colon conformed to the Crohn's disease phenotype. (bmj.com)
  • Crohn's disease may present with almost any gastroenterological symptom depending on the site of the disease. (bmj.com)
  • HLA-DR antigens were found on the epithelium of only one of six patients with ulcerative colitis in remission and one of three with inactive Crohn's disease. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Prognosis of colonic Crohn's disease. (bmj.com)
  • Later in life, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) , such as Crohn's disease , is a cause of colonic stenosis, also called a stricture. (nih.gov)
  • Are colonic polyps genetic? (healthtap.com)
  • Anyone with a family history of colon cancer and/or colonic polyps should have a screening colonoscopy well before the age recommended for people with no family history (50). (healthtap.com)
  • Rarely families have mutations that cause hundreds of colonic polyps - these few patients may need removal of their colon. (healthtap.com)
  • We conclude that, excluding the metaplastic polyps, the struma of the colonic polyps are under an abnormal neural regulation. (nii.ac.jp)
  • As a foundation for better understanding, the authors review what is currently known about normal colonic physiology, explain the mechanisms of disease involved in the development of colonic disorders, and highlight important clues for potential therapies. (springer.com)
  • The development of colonic diverticulum is thought to be a result of raised intraluminal colonic pressures. (alldiseases.org)
  • To the best of the our knowledge, this is the first report of the development of colonic diaphragm disease in the absence of a history of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ingestion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Individuals lacking a functional copy of FUT2 are known as "nonsecretors" and display an array of differences in susceptibility to infection and disease, including Crohn disease. (pnas.org)
  • In Colonic Diseases, Timothy R. Koch, MD, has assembled a panel of innovative basic researchers, esteemed clinical investigators, and well-known clinicians to bridge the gap between basic and clinical research and the day-to-day care of patients with colonic disorders. (springer.com)
  • Methods: This study describes a retrospective review of all adult patients who were evaluated for colonic volvulus between 1988 and 2008. (sages.org)
  • Conclusion: Colonic volvulus should be considered as a cause of large bowel obstruction in patients of any age. (sages.org)
  • To determine whether variation in resident microbial communities with respect to FUT2 genotype is a potential factor contributing to susceptibility, we performed 454-based community profiling of the intestinal microbiota in a panel of healthy subjects and Crohn disease patients and determined their genotype for the primary nonsecretor allele in Caucasian populations, W143X (G428A). (pnas.org)
  • Data of CRS and HIPEC procedures for PC of CRC origin performed at MD Anderson Cancer Center-Madrid (Spain) have been collected, dividing patients into two groups according to colonic or rectal PC. (springer.com)
  • of these, 36 procedures were for colorectal PC (31 patients in colonic and 5 in rectal group). (springer.com)
  • Rectal origin PC has a more aggressive behavior compared to colonic origin, reflecting in a worst prognosis of patients affected by rectal origin PC. (springer.com)
  • Orally administered bromelain was anecdotally reported to induce clinical and endoscopic remission of ulcerative colitis in two patients whose disease was refractory to multi-agent conventional medical therapy. (nih.gov)
  • Only 39.3% (273 patients) suffered from benign disease requiring colectomy, whereas the remaining 60.7% (421 patients) underwent colon resection for malignancy. (sages.org)
  • Brockhaus AC, Sauerland S, Saad S. Single-incision versus standard multi-incision laparoscopic colectomy in patients with malignant or benign colonic disease (Protocol). (cochrane.org)
  • Bazzocchi G, Ellis J, Villanueva-Meyer J et al (1991) Effect of eating on colonic motility and transit in patients with functional diarrhea. (springer.com)
  • Coulie B, Camilleri M, Bharucha AE et al (2001) Colonic motility in chronic ulcerative proctosigmoiditis and the effects of nicotine on colonic motility in patients and healthy subjects. (springer.com)
  • Bassotti G, de Roberto G, Chistolini F et al (2004) Twenty-four-hour manometric study of colonic propulsive activity in patients with diarrhea due to inflammatory (ulcerative colitis) and non-inflammatory (irritable bowel syndrome) conditions. (springer.com)
  • Together, these results suggest that FS from IBD and IBS patients contain microbial mediators that could exacerbate pain by activating colonic afferent nerves and increasing afferent input to the CNS. (queensu.ca)
  • A protein called alpha-synuclein is deposited in cells of the brain of patients with Parkinson's disease and is considered a pathologic hallmark of the disorder. (healthcanal.com)
  • The clinical diagnosis can be difficult early in the disease, and as many as 10 percent to 20 percent of patients may be misdiagnosed. (healthcanal.com)
  • Studies have shown that by the time primary symptoms appear, many patients with Parkinson's disease will have lost 60 percent to 80 percent or more of dopamine-producing cells in the brain. (healthcanal.com)
  • Full thickness colonic samples were obtained from 39 patients undergoing surgery for diverticulosis. (bmj.com)
  • patients with diverticulosis display abnormal motility and colonic propulsive activity, particularly in the segments bearing diverticula. (bmj.com)
  • These results suggest that Wnt/MYC signaling contributes to CD pathogenesis and that patients harboring the disease-associated allele may benefit from therapies that target MYC or MYC-regulated genes. (elsevier.com)
  • About 20% of patients with Crohn 's disease or ulcerative colitis have a clinical relapse of their disease within 1 week of receiving conventional NSAIDs. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • However because of the 'safety' of nimesulide in patients with IBD disease we have not used conventional NSAIDs lately in these patients. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • In fact, in a previous study of 53 PSC-IBD patients, no UC patient status post a colectomy had recurrent liver disease following liver transplantation whereas seven patients with intact colons had recurrent disease following liver transplantation. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • If PD patients have altered colonic microbiota, dysbiosis might be the mechanism of neuroinflammation that leads to α-Syn misfolding and PD pathology. (cdc.gov)
  • Are lower gastrointestinal investigations necessary in patients with coeliac disease? (lww.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of sacral nerve magnetic stimulation on the colonic motility in healthy subjects, in incontinent and constipated patients. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Unexpectedly, in our series, the overall ACF density was higher in the nonneoplastic colonic diseases than in CRC (0.13 v 0.032 ACF/cm2, P=.0087), cases of nonneoplastic diseases, however, being limited to 7 patients. (nih.gov)
  • ESRD patients are predisposed to unique colonic pathology, including uremic colitis (more below). (wordpress.com)
  • Spontaneous colonic perforation: etiology is largely unknown in ESRD patients, but some identified causes include aluminum-containing antacids, barium studies, or dehydration. (wordpress.com)
  • Colonic necrosis: Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (used to treat hyperkalemia in patients with renal failure) can lead to colonic necrosis. (wordpress.com)
  • The Goldberg Clinic helps patients with a wide variety of chronic diseases recover their health by addressing causes. (goldbergclinic.com)
  • We frequently encounter patients who employ laxatives, enemas and /or colonics, "cleanses", cathartics, and other treatments to force bowel movements much to their harm. (goldbergclinic.com)
  • The expression of HLA-DR and HLA-A,B,C antigens by human colonic epithelium has been examined in tissue sections of patients with inflammatory bowel disease using an immunohistological technique. (ox.ac.uk)
  • This difference between patients with active and those with inactive disease is highly significant (P less than 0.005). (ox.ac.uk)
  • α-Synuclein aggregates are present in Substance P containing neurons in the sigmoid colonic submucosal neurons in patients with PD ( 5 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • The aim of this study was the assessment of the available evidence for the comparison of SILC to conventional multi-port laparoscopic colectomy (MLC) in adult patients, in whom elective colectomy is indicated because of malignant or benign disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The number of IgG3-containing cells in both the colonic and rectal mucosae of untreated patients with ulcerative colitis was significantly increased compared to controls. (elsevier.com)
  • The number of IgA1 cells in the rectal and colonic specimens of untreated patients with ulcerative colitis was slightly higher than that in the rectal specimens of controls. (elsevier.com)
  • Authors speculate on the basis of their results that the observed IgG3 response in the patients with ulcerative colitis may be specific to the disease. (elsevier.com)
  • Colonic dysmotility in postsurgical patients with Hirschsprung's disease. (mcmaster.ca)
  • citation needed] Common and rare DNA variations in the neuregulin 1 (NRG1) and NRG3 (NRG3) were first shown to be associated with the disease in Chinese patients through a Genome Wide Association Study by the Hong Kong team in 2009 and 2012, respectively Subsequent studies in both Asian and Caucasian patients confirmed the initial findings by the University of Hong Kong. (wikipedia.org)
  • Timely and cutting-edge, Colonic Diseases explains the origins and treatment of common colorectal disorders, blending the molecular mechanisms of disease with new outcomes and epidemiological research to improve our present and future understanding of colonic diseases and their management. (springer.com)
  • Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. (curehunter.com)
  • Do doctors consider flora when diagnosing colon disease/disorders? (healthtap.com)
  • Colonic disease is one of many disorders that disrupt the proper functioning of the large intenstine and bowels. (dogster.com)
  • Hirschsprung's disease can also present as part of multi system disorders, such as: Bardet-Biedl syndrome Cartilage-hair hypoplasia Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome MEN2 Mowat-Wilson syndrome Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) Some forms of Waardenburg syndrome The disorder may occur by itself or in association with other genetic disorders such as Down syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bassotti G, Germani U, Morelli A (1995) Human colonic motility: physiological aspects. (springer.com)
  • We also show, using both mouse and human colonic organoids, that TcdB from epidemic ribotype 027 strains does not require Frizzled 1/2/7 binding to elicit this dysfunctional stem cell state. (monash.edu)
  • Colonic Disease - A disease associated with or acting upon the large intestine. (orcexperts.com)
  • 8. A method of treating inflammatory bowel disease, comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a therapeutic agent comprising 1 to 5 g of glutamine to the large intestine of the subject per one administration. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • In this study, the clinical and histologic severity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was determined in IL-10-/- mice treated orally with bromelain in vivo. (nih.gov)
  • Recent clinical and pathological evidence supports the notion that Parkinson's disease may begin in the intestinal wall then spread through the nerves to the brain. (healthcanal.com)
  • Clinical signs of intestinal disease, such as constipation, Parkinson's disease diagnosis by more than a decade. (healthcanal.com)
  • Most common GI disease in clinical practice. (wordpress.com)
  • We believe that alpha-synuclein in the colonic submucosa may be a pre-motor biomarker that easily can be studied in cohorts at increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease (relatives of Parkinson's disease subjects, subjects with anosmia [inability to smell], rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder and others). (healthcanal.com)
  • What sort of disease is colon cancer? (healthtap.com)
  • We have tested this hypothesis in a mouse model of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colitis-associated colon cancer (CACC) that we previously described ( 8 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • In the current study, we used the same mouse model to show that vaccine-elicited adaptive immunity to MUC1 early in the disease process leads to delayed and tempered development of IBD, changes in the inflammatory microenvironment, and complete protection from colon cancer. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Based on investigations, the patient showed pancytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, bone marrow involvement and marked colonic involvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Interestingly, cases of histoplasmosis in immunocompetent hosts have rarely been reported, especially those accompanied with disseminated histoplasmosis and marked colonic involvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present report illustrates the case of a young male patient without any identifiable immunodeficiency diseases who presented with disseminated histoplasmosis with prominent manifestations of colonic involvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the majority of adenocarcinomas and their precursor lesions, and in various inflammatory diseases including IBD, MUC1 is overexpressed and its VNTR region is profoundly hypoglycosylated ( 8 , 9 , 11 - 14 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • The IEC-specific deficiency of PPAR γ in mice with a mixed background worsened colonic inflammatory lesions, but had no effect on disease activity (DAI) or weight loss. (vt.edu)
  • Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are putative preneoplastic lesions that might represent the earliest morphological lesion visible in colonic carcinogenesis. (nih.gov)
  • Anechogenic colonic lesions with posterior wall enhancement were observed in 71 (54.2%) of 131 and 57 (24.5%) of 233 persons from the villages of endemicity, and no lesions were seen in persons from the village outside the area of endemicity. (oup.com)
  • Progression is defined as the number of months from randomisation until progressive disease based on RECIST (progression of target lesions, clear progression of existing non-target lesions or the appearance of one or more new lesions) or death in the absence of progression. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Gross pathologic findings ranged from no obvious lesions in mildly affected toads to thickened colonic walls with hyperemic serosal vasculature and hemorrhagic content in severely affected toads ( Figure 1 , panel A). Histologically appreciable lesions (invasive amebiasis) were commonly limited to the colon, although in severely affected toads, lesions extended through the small intestine and, rarely, into the stomach. (cdc.gov)
  • Colonic diverticulosis is the presence of one or more diverticula in the colon. (merckmanuals.com)
  • People who have colonic diverticulosis usually have several diverticula. (merckmanuals.com)
  • The etiology of colonic diverticulosis is multifactorial and not entirely known. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Anorectal and Colonic Diseases: A Practical Guide to Their by Felix Aigner, Helga Fritsch (auth. (magomechaya.com)
  • the great, but easy-to-read, details during this useful advisor on either universal and infrequent anorectal and colonic ailments is very vital for either the practitioner, who must recognize all of the attainable modalities of conservative and surgical procedure, and the health practitioner, who must adapt his surgery to the medical and anatomical findings. (magomechaya.com)
  • Ulcerative pancolitis , is a chronic disease that inflames the gastrointestinal (GI) system. (healthtap.com)
  • A sweat chloride value greater than 60 mEq/L distinguishes CF from other forms of chronic pulmonary disease. (medscape.com)
  • [0002] Ulcerative colitis is an unexplained intractable chronic inflammatory disease, and definitive therapeutic method thereof has not yet been established. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • These disease-modifying properties for the PAR2 antagonist in both acute and chronic experimental colitis strongly support a pathogenic role for PAR2 and PAR2-activating proteases and therapeutic potential for PAR2 antagonism in inflammatory diseases of the colon. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Nutritional advice for other chronic diseases. (bmj.com)
  • Would really help to know what tests, evaluations are required to diagnose colonic diseases and follow it after treatment. (healthtap.com)
  • How do doctors diagnose colonic atresia and stenosis? (nih.gov)
  • To diagnose colonic atresia and stenosis, doctors ask about symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam and imaging tests. (nih.gov)
  • Expression of HLA-DR antigens by colonic epithelium in inflammatory bowel disease. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Exposure and susceptibility of colonic stem cells to intoxication compromises their function during infection, which diminishes their ability to repair the injured epithelium, shown by altered stem cell signaling and a reduction in the growth of colonic organoids from stem cells isolated from infected mice. (monash.edu)
  • Disease activity index (DAI), pro-inflammatory such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6, as well as IL-10 as anti-inflammatory were measured. (preprints.org)
  • The juvenile stages of the helminth develop within colonic wall nodules, causing Dapaong tumor or multinodular disease, at the rate of 1 case per week at Nalerigu Hospital in Ghana. (oup.com)
  • First-line combination therapy with either FOLFOX or FOLFIRI (substituting irinotectan for oxaliplatin) appears to provide a response rate (denned as a composite of either complete disappearance of all detectable disease or as a decrease in tumor size by RECIST criteria) of 31-56%, with a median progression-free survival of 7-8 months. (pocketdrugguide.com)
  • Number of Participants With an Objective Response [ Time Frame: Participants were evaluated for tumor response until radiographic disease progression or until the participant began another anticancer treatment (up to a maximum of 55.6 weeks). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The activation of this pathway was essential for both the excess proliferation of epithelial/tumor cells and the disruption of colonic homeostasis in the mutant mice. (elsevier.com)
  • Is colitis in your colon the same as crones disease? (healthtap.com)
  • Snape WJ Jr (1991) The role of a colonic motility disturbance in ulcerative colitis. (springer.com)
  • Greig E, Sandle GI (2000) Diarrhea in ulcerative colitis: the role of altered colonic sodium transport. (springer.com)
  • In our prior study, we demonstrated increased innervation of Sub P containing nerve fibers (Sub P fibers) in ulcerative colitis (UC) surgically resected colonic specimens. (nii.ac.jp)
  • While primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) has been associated with inflammatory bowel disease, and ulcerative colitis (UC) in particular, the pathogenesis of this relationship has not been established. (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • This entry was posted in inflammatory bowel disease , Pediatric Gastroenterology Liver Disease and tagged Crohn's , IBD , primary sclerosing cholangitis , PSC , Ulcerative colitis by gutsandgrowth . (gutsandgrowth.com)
  • This therapeutic agent for inflammatory bowel disease can safely and effectively treat inflammatory bowel disease including ulcerative colitis without increasing the frequency of bowel movements. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • This study aims to determine the protective effects of red seaweed Eucheuma cottonii (EC) ethanol extract on acute colitis disease in mice. (preprints.org)
  • Male BALB/c mice used for acute colitis disease model by induced 2.5% (w/v) of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) for 7 days for all groups, except control group. (preprints.org)
  • According to this results, the EC ethanol extract might be can used for the treatment of colitis disease. (preprints.org)
  • Colonic ischemia: vascular disease is accelerated in ESRD, increasing risk for ischemic colitis. (wordpress.com)
  • Past medical history included inflammatory bowel disease of ulcerative colitis type for which she was taking azathioprine and prednisolone. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Given the history of ulcerative colitis, the perforation was presumed to be of colonic origin and a total colectomy and ileostomy was performed. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Given the history of ulcerative colitis we believe that the disease may have arisen as a result of the healing of the underlying inflamed colon rather than as a direct effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • She had a 4-year history of inflammatory bowel disease of ulcerative colitis type for which she was being prescribed azathioprine (50 mg/day) and prednisolone (5 mg/day). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Experts don't know how common colonic stenosis is. (nih.gov)
  • Doctors treat colonic atresia and stenosis with surgery to remove the blocked or narrowed part of the colon and attach the healthy ends of the colon to each other. (nih.gov)
  • In some cases, doctors treat colonic atresia or stenosis with one operation. (nih.gov)
  • Colonic diaphragm disease is an uncommon condition usually associated with the long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Histopathological examination of the colectomy specimen revealed extensive colonic diaphragm disease with 30 thin-walled diaphragms, one of which reduced the lumen to a pin-hole. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We present a case of colonic diaphragm disease in a 48-year-old woman with a 4-year history of inflammatory bowel disease and no significant history of NSAID usage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • What are the complications of colonic atresia and stenosis? (nih.gov)
  • Colonic stenosis can also cause intestinal obstruction and its complications. (nih.gov)
  • Now, a group of Rush scientists has become the first to demonstrate alpha-synuclein aggregation in biological tissue obtained before onset of motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease. (healthcanal.com)
  • The team analyzed samples of tissue obtained during colonscopy examinations that took place 2-5 years before the first symptom of Parkinson's disease appeared in 3 research subjects, and all 3 showed the characteristic protein in the wall of the lower intestine. (healthcanal.com)
  • These studies suggest it may one day be possible to use colonic tissue biopsy to predict who will develop motor Parkinson's disease," said Shannon. (healthcanal.com)
  • Alternatively, the Rush investigators showed that colonic tissue is easily obtained using flexible sigmoidoscopy, a technique that, unlike colonoscopy, requires no colon cleansing preparation or sedation, and can be performed in 10 minutes. (healthcanal.com)
  • Moreover, EC extract protected the colonic tissue damage. (preprints.org)
  • The British Society of Gastroenterology published guidelines for the initial biopsy diagnosis of suspected idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in 1997 1 and for the detection and prevention of osteoporosis in IBD in 2000. (bmj.com)
  • Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Surgery for Colonic Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Intra-Operative Variables. (sages.org)
  • Publications] Yoshiro Kubota: 'Colonic vasoactive intestinal peptide nerves in inflammatory bowel disease' Gastroenterology. (nii.ac.jp)
  • 15 mm) are an uncommon complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and a differential diagnosis with adenomas and carcinomas is challenging. (nih.gov)
  • The novel endoscopic approach enabled us to evidence gut-derived Th17 cells in the spleens of K/BxN mice at the onset of their genetically determined arthritis, thereby furnishing a critical mechanistic link between the intestinal microbiota, namely segmented filamentous bacteria, and an extraintestinal autoinflammatory disease. (pnas.org)
  • Interactions between the gastrointestinal microbiota and the immune system, particularly their impact on the initiation and progression of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, are garnering much attention of late ( 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • In addition, gut-microbiota/leukocyte cross-talk influences systemic immune responses, in particular extraintestinal autoimmune diseases. (pnas.org)
  • Introduction: Colonic volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction typically described in the elderly. (sages.org)
  • Colonic atresia causes intestinal obstruction , in which the colon is completely blocked. (nih.gov)
  • Colonic atresia and stenosis may cause signs and symptoms due to intestinal obstruction. (nih.gov)
  • Colonic stenosis can also cause intestinal obstruction, and signs and symptoms may be similar to those of colonic atresia. (nih.gov)
  • In view of a multi-billion-dollar translational research effort that aims to identify agents that slow or stop the progression of Parkinson's disease, the need for accurate and timely diagnostic biomarkers, including the potential for pre-motor diagnosis, is particularly acute," the authors stated. (healthcanal.com)
  • Whenever a young child who has been treated for Hirschsprung's disease changes his or her diet (such as going to vacation or starting school), it is important to be alert to constipation issues. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a high-risk condition for human colorectal cancer. (elsevier.com)
  • Experience with endoluminal colonic wall stents for the management of large bowel obstruction for benign and malignant disease. (harvard.edu)
  • The effects of FS were assessed using ex-vivo extracellular recordings of colonic afferent nerves of the distal colon of control mice. (queensu.ca)
  • Dietary flaxseed modulates the colonic microenvironment in healthy C57Bl/6 male mice which may alter susceptibility to gut-associated diseases. (gc.ca)
  • This study investigates whether FS alters critical aspects of gut health in healthy unchallenged mice, which may help explain some of the divergent effects observed following different gut-associated disease challenges. (gc.ca)
  • In conclusion, consumption of a FS-supplemented diet alters the baseline colonic microenvironment of healthy mice which may modify subsequent mucosal microbial defense and injury-repair responses leading to altered susceptibility to different gut-associated diseases. (gc.ca)
  • Mice were scored on disease severity both clinically and histopathologically. (vt.edu)
  • Several studies have suggested a correlation with environmental factors (eg, a diet low in fiber or high in red meat), heritable factors, and alterations in the colonic wall structure and motility. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Treatment for colonic diseases varies greatly depending on the disease and its severity. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The use of Robotic surgery has been proven to be a safe and effective alternative to laparoscopic techniques in the treatment of colorectal diseases, although drawbacks noted such as increase operative time (OT) and higher cost have been documented. (sages.org)
  • Early and accurate diagnosis is extremely important for the appropriate treatment of infection and to improve disease outcome. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Treatment is the same as for the underlying disease, with discontinuation of the particular NSAID and with COX-2 selective agents being the preferred antiinflammatory analgesic. (rrnursingschool.biz)
  • Expert has over 30 yrs of experience in the treatment of colorectal disease with emphasis on anal disease, colon and anal-rectal cancer. (orcexperts.com)
  • Moreno-Osset E, Bazzocchi G, Lo S et al (1989) Association between postprandial changes in colonic intraluminal pressure and transit. (springer.com)
  • Most people who undergo surgery for Hirschsprung's disease recover without problems. (cedars-sinai.edu)
  • Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in the management of peritoneal surface malignancies of colonic origin: a consensus statement. (springer.com)
  • Many studies have reported that it is difficult to differentiate the presenting symptoms of this disease from those of appendicitis before surgery, because the signs and symptoms are similar, so misdiagnosis is not infrequent. (elsevier.es)
  • The use of this combination during fast-track colonic surgery leads frequently to post-operative nausea and vomiting and limited mobilisation possibilities. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Increased excitability of extrinsic afferent nerves has emerged as an important mechanism of visceral pain during inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). (queensu.ca)
  • Only few processes have specific diagnostic features, and many of the various histological patterns reflect severity and duration of the disease. (harvard.edu)
  • Rao SS, Sadeghi P, Beaty J et al (2001) Ambulatory 24-h colonic manometry in healthy humans. (springer.com)
  • Identification of the role of alpha-synuclein aggregation in neuronal dysfunction and death has broadened understanding of how Parkinson's disease develops and introduced a valuable tool for tracking its progress. (healthcanal.com)
  • Physicians at Rush have demonstrated that the alpha-synuclein protein can also be seen in the nerve cells in the wall of the intestines in research subjects with early Parkinson's disease, but not in healthy subjects. (healthcanal.com)