Inflammation of a transverse portion of the spinal cord characterized by acute or subacute segmental demyelination or necrosis. The condition may occur sporadically, follow an infection or vaccination, or present as a paraneoplastic syndrome (see also ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED). Clinical manifestations include motor weakness, sensory loss, and incontinence. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1242-6)
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between ASCENDING COLON and DESCENDING COLON. It passes from the RIGHT COLIC FLEXURE across the ABDOMEN, then turns sharply at the left colonic flexure into the descending colon.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON.
The two large endothelium-lined venous channels that begin at the internal occipital protuberance at the back and lower part of the CRANIUM and travels laterally and forward ending in the internal jugular vein (JUGULAR VEINS). One of the transverse sinuses, usually the right one, is the continuation of the SUPERIOR SAGITTAL SINUS. The other transverse sinus is the continuation of the straight sinus.
A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the TRANSVERSE COLON. It passes cephalad from the cecum to the caudal surface of the right lobe of the LIVER where it bends sharply to the left, forming the right colic flexure.
Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
A pouch or sac opening from the COLON.
Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells such as the GOBLET CELLS.
Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.
Inflammation of the spinal cord. Relatively common etiologies include infections; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES; SPINAL CORD; and ischemia (see also SPINAL CORD VASCULAR DISEASES). Clinical features generally include weakness, sensory loss, localized pain, incontinence, and other signs of autonomic dysfunction.
A potent carcinogen and neurotoxic compound. It is particularly effective in inducing colon carcinomas.
The articulations between the various CARPAL BONES. This does not include the WRIST JOINT which consists of the articulations between the RADIUS; ULNA; and proximal CARPAL BONES.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).
Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
A dead body, usually a human body.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.
Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
A DNA alkylating agent that has been shown to be a potent carcinogen and is widely used to induce colon tumors in experimental animals.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An orthodontic method used for correcting narrow or collapsed maxillary arches and functional cross-bite. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry),
Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.
The excitable plasma membrane of a muscle cell. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
Tumors or cancer of the SIGMOID COLON.
The first cervical vertebra.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
Hydrazines substituted with two methyl groups in any position.
Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the CRANIAL SINUSES, large endothelium-lined venous channels situated within the SKULL. Intracranial sinuses, also called cranial venous sinuses, include the superior sagittal, cavernous, lateral, petrous sinuses, and many others. Cranial sinus thrombosis can lead to severe HEADACHE; SEIZURE; and other neurological defects.
Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.
Diseases of the sebaceous glands such as sebaceous hyperplasia and sebaceous cell carcinoma (SEBACEOUS GLAND NEOPLASMS).
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.
A network of tubules and sacs in the cytoplasm of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that assist with muscle contraction and relaxation by releasing and storing calcium ions.
The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
A syndrome characterized by acute OPTIC NEURITIS; MYELITIS, TRANSVERSE; demyelinating and/or necrotizing lesions in the OPTIC NERVES and SPINAL CORD; and presence of specific autoantibodies to AQUAPORIN 4.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
Tumors or cancer of the CECUM.
A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.
A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.
Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation.
Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC).
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Veins draining the cerebrum.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
The long cylindrical contractile organelles of STRIATED MUSCLE cells composed of ACTIN FILAMENTS; MYOSIN filaments; and other proteins organized in arrays of repeating units called SARCOMERES .
A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.
The fold of peritoneum by which the COLON is attached to the posterior ABDOMINAL WALL.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
The process of reuniting or replacing broken or worn parts of a denture.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
A carpal bone located between the CAPITATE BONE and the TRIQUETRUM BONE. The hamate has a prominent process that projects anteriorly.
The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.
A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
A circular structural unit of bone tissue. It consists of a central hole, the Haversian canal through which blood vessels run, surrounded by concentric rings, called lamellae.
An order of the class Amphibia, which includes several families of frogs and toads. They are characterized by well developed hind limbs adapted for jumping, fused head and trunk and webbed toes. The term "toad" is ambiguous and is properly applied only to the family Bufonidae.
Long-chain polymer of glucose containing 17-20% sulfur. It has been used as an anticoagulant and also has been shown to inhibit the binding of HIV-1 to CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES. It is commonly used as both an experimental and clinical laboratory reagent and has been investigated for use as an antiviral agent, in the treatment of hypolipidemia, and for the prevention of free radical damage, among other applications.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Production of a radiographic image of a small or very thin object on fine-grained photographic film under conditions which permit subsequent microscopic examination or enlargement of the radiograph at linear magnifications of up to several hundred and with a resolution approaching the resolving power of the photographic emulsion (about 1000 lines per millimeter).
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.
Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.
Mutant mice homozygous for the recessive gene "nude" which fail to develop a thymus. They are useful in tumor studies and studies on immune responses.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the LATERAL SINUSES. This condition is often associated with ear infections (OTITIS MEDIA or MASTOIDITIS) without antibiotic treatment. In developed nations, lateral sinus thrombosis can result from CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES; THROMBOPHILIA; and other conditions. Clinical features include HEADACHE; VERTIGO; and increased intracranial pressure.
Hyaline cartilages in the nose. There are five major nasal cartilages including two lateral, two alar, and one septal.
The position or orientation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR, determined by its relation to the SPINE of the mother and the birth canal. The normal position is a vertical, cephalic presentation with the fetal vertex flexed on the NECK.
The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.
Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)
Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxypropane structure.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced tumors independently of the mechanism involved.
Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.
The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.
The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Discrete abnormal tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the INTESTINE. A polyp is attached to the intestinal wall either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.
A cardiac glycoside sometimes used in place of DIGOXIN. It has a longer half-life than digoxin; toxic effects, which are similar to those of digoxin, are longer lasting. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p665)
The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.
Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
A multi-functional catenin that participates in CELL ADHESION and nuclear signaling. Beta catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to the ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It also serves as a transcriptional co-activator and downstream component of WNT PROTEIN-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.
Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.
Surgical reconstruction of the breast including both augmentation and reduction.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
A carpal bone adjacent to the TRAPEZOID BONE.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
The spinal or vertebral column.
The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.
Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with familial adenomatous polyposis (ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS COLI) and GARDNER SYNDROME, as well as some sporadic colorectal cancers.
Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Clusters of colonic crypts that appear different from the surrounding mucosa when visualized after staining. They are of interest as putative precursors to colorectal adenomas and potential biomarkers for colorectal carcinoma.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
Experimental transplantation of neoplasms in laboratory animals for research purposes.
A specialized field of physics and engineering involved in studying the behavior and properties of light and the technology of analyzing, generating, transmitting, and manipulating ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet range.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Aquaporin 4 is the major water-selective channel in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM of mammals.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
A glycoprotein that is secreted into the luminal surface of the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract. It is found in the feces and pancreaticobiliary secretions and is used to monitor the response to colon cancer treatment.
A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
Motion picture study of successive images appearing on a fluoroscopic screen.
Slender, cylindrical filaments found in the cytoskeleton of plant and animal cells. They are composed of the protein TUBULIN and are influenced by TUBULIN MODULATORS.
Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)
High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The three-part structure of ribbon-like proteinaceous material that serves to align and join the paired homologous CHROMOSOMES. It is formed during the ZYGOTENE STAGE of the first meiotic division. It is a prerequisite for CROSSING OVER.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
A reagent that is used to neutralize peptide terminal amino groups.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Either of a pair of bones that form the prominent part of the CHEEK and contribute to the ORBIT on each side of the SKULL.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
A tetrameric calcium release channel in the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM membrane of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, acting oppositely to SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES. It is important in skeletal and cardiac excitation-contraction coupling and studied by using RYANODINE. Abnormalities are implicated in CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS and MUSCULAR DISEASES.
The geometric and structural changes that the HEART VENTRICLES undergo, usually following MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. It comprises expansion of the infarct and dilatation of the healthy ventricle segments. While most prevalent in the left ventricle, it can also occur in the right ventricle.
Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.

Asymptomatic tubular duplication of the transverse colon in an adult. (1/34)

Colonic duplication is a rare congenital anomaly of the alimentary tract. In most cases, symptomatic duplications of the colon are recognized and treated by childhood. It is uncommon for these lesions to be detected in the adulthood since they present with vague symptoms if at all. We experienced a case of asymptomatic tubular duplication of the transverse colon in a 40-year-old female. Barium enema revealed a tubular duplication of the transverse colon. The duplicated segment arose from the mid ascending colon and incorporated just proximal to the splenic flexure, running parallel to the transverse colon and communicating with it at both ends. Colonoscopy demonstrated a normal colonic mucosa in the duplicated segment. The diameter of its lumen gradually narrowed proximally and the colonoscope could not be passed through the proximal opening of the segment. The patient did not need any treatment. Duplications of the alimentary tract can be found at any age. The possibility of congenital lesions in the adult population should not be overlooked.  (+info)

Gastro-colonic anastomosis--a viable option in extensive small bowel infarction. (2/34)

INTRODUCTION: We have previously presented a patient with massive small and large bowel infarction and demonstrated that even with only a few inches of remaining small bowel an almost normal life-style and diet is possible. PATIENT: Recently, we have looked after a young and otherwise fit female patient who suffered mesenteric venous gangrene of the whole small bowel from the Ligament of Treitz to the caecum. In order to achieve gastro-intestinal continuity and to avoid the torrential fluid loss associated with high fistula, an anastomosis between the stomach and the transverse colon was formed. RESULTS: We are surprised to find that despite the extensive resection our patient maintains a good quality of life and is able to look after her young family.  (+info)

Transverse colon rupture in a young footballer. (3/34)

The case is reported of a 16 year old footballer who sustained a blunt abdominal injury resulting in traumatic rupture of the transverse colon and transverse process of L1.  (+info)

Resection of asynchronous quadruple advanced colonic carcinomas followed by reconstruction with ileal interposition between the transverse colon and rectum. (4/34)

We report an extremely rare case of resectable asynchronous quadruple advanced colonic carcinomas. Successful reconstruction was performed after resection with an ileal interposition between the remaining colon and rectum, and the patient recovered bowel function. Resections of the four colonic lesions in three operations allowed us to leave a portion of the large bowel and to thereby preserve the rectum and a portion of the transverse colon. After resection of the third and fourth cancer lesions, we reconstructed the large bowel with ileal segment interposition between the residual transverse colon and rectum, leaving a 15-cm-long segment portion of the transverse colon. This surgical procedure is an option for reconstruction after left-sided colectomy.  (+info)

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the transverse colon: a case report. (5/34)

We herein present a case of a 75-year-old female with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the transverse colon with the stage IE (Ann Arbor classification). Colonoscopy revealed the tumor's appearance as a IIa plus II c-like early colon cancer as defined according to the macroscopic classification of the Japanese Research Society for Cancer of Colon, Rectum and Anus, measuring less than 2 cm in diameter. Histologically, the tumor was diagnosed as MALT lymphoma because of the presence of lymphoepithelial lesions consisting of diffuse proliferation of atypical lymphocytes and glandular destruction. The majority of these lymphocytes immunohistochemically stained for the B-lymphocyte marker. The patient first underwent H pylori eradication therapy with Lansap. However, the tumor size gradually increased over the next 4 mo and the patient eventually underwent surgical resection. The operative procedure included a partial colectomy with dissection of the paracolic lymph nodes. The tumor measured 45 mm multiply 30 mm in diameter and histological examination showed that the lymphoma cells had infiltrated the muscle layer of the colon without nodal involvement. The patient has had no recurrence postoperatively without any chemotherapy.  (+info)

Pharmacological modulation of gut mucosal and large vessel blood flow. (6/34)

BACKGROUND: Constipation, diminished gut blood flow, ischaemic colitis and drug therapy may be associated. AIM: To study the effect of constipating medication on, and the regulation of, gut blood flow. METHODS: 24 healthy females (mean age 30) received, in a double-blind, three-way crossover study: (i) placebo, (ii) ipratropium 40 microg by inhalation (positive control known to reduce rectal mucosal blood flow) and (iii) oral loperamide 4 mg. Mucosal blood flow was measured at the splenic flexure and rectum using laser Doppler flowmetry. Blood flow in the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries was measured by trans-abdominal Doppler ultrasound. RESULTS: Ipratropium decreased rectal mucosal blood flow by 16% (P=0.009) and splenic flexure mucosal blood flow by 8% (P=0.075). Loperamide caused no change in rectal (P=0.40) or splenic flexure mucosal blood flow (P=0.73). Neither treatment changed superior or inferior mesenteric artery blood flow. Splenic flexure mucosal blood flow showed a positive correlation with rectal mucosal blood flow (r=0.69; P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Vasoactive agents may reduce gut mucosal blood flow in the absence of reduced large vessel flow. Constipating drugs do not necessarily reduce gut blood flow. Rectal mucosal blood flow correlates with splenic flexure mucosal flow, and potentially may be used as a more convenient surrogate for studying splenic flexure blood flow.  (+info)

Primary splenic flexure volvulus. (7/34)

Primary splenic flexure volvulus is a rare entity. We report an acute presentation of primary splenic flexure volvulus with gangrene in a 24-year-old man. Radiograph showed a massively-dilated large bowel loop with a coffee-bean sign. At emergency laparotomy, a distended and gangrenous splenic flexure was found, with absence of all three ligamentous attachments of the splenic flexure.  (+info)

Inflammatory fibroid polyp occurring in the transverse colon diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy. (8/34)

A case of an inflammatory fibroid polyp occurring in the transverse colon and diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy is reported. The patient was an 82-year-old man who visited our hospital for further evaluation of occult blood in stool. The Colonoscopy revealed a small, red, and peduncular polyp, about 6 mm in diameter, in the transverse colon. Histological examination of the biopsy specimen obtained from the polyp revealed proliferation of fibroblasts and infiltration of inflammatory cells such as plasma cells and eosinophils. This polyp was diagnosed as an inflammatory fibroid polyp, which can appear in many different locations throughout gastrointestinal tract, though still rare in the transverse colon.  (+info)

Colorectal metastases from primary colorectal cancers are very rare, and little is known about their epidemiological aspects or the best diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Herein, we report a case of a 65-year-old woman with suspected metachronous metastasis to the rectum from primary transverse colon cancer. The patient underwent a laparoscopic extended right hemicolectomy for primary transverse colon cancer. Histopathological examination showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, and the tumor was diagnosed as stage IIA (T3, N0, M0). Fifteen months after her colectomy, a computed tomography scan demonstrated a rectal tumor and a right ovarian tumor. Colonoscopy revealed a superficial elevated lesion in the middle rectum, and histological analysis showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. Laparoscopic low anterior resection preserving the left colic artery and bilateral adnexectomy were performed. Histological examination of the rectal tumor showed that adenocarcinoma was mainly
Colorectal metastases from primary colorectal cancers are very rare, and little is known about their epidemiological aspects or the best diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. Herein, we report a case of a 65-year-old woman with suspected metachronous metastasis to the rectum from primary transverse colon cancer. The patient underwent a laparoscopic extended right hemicolectomy for primary transverse colon cancer. Histopathological examination showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, and the tumor was diagnosed as stage IIA (T3, N0, M0). Fifteen months after her colectomy, a computed tomography scan demonstrated a rectal tumor and a right ovarian tumor. Colonoscopy revealed a superficial elevated lesion in the middle rectum, and histological analysis showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. Laparoscopic low anterior resection preserving the left colic artery and bilateral adnexectomy were performed. Histological examination of the rectal tumor showed that adenocarcinoma was mainly
Article: Biyani DK, Skordilis K & Watson A (2008) Mixed hyperplastic/adenomatous polyps - a collision. |i|Colorectal Disease|/i|, 10 (1), pp. 96-98.
Combined laparoscopic colectomy and splenectomy for bleeding transverse colon cancer and MDS associated splenomegaly with refractory ITP
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The transverse colon is the longest and most movable part of the colon. It crosses the abdomen from the ascending colon at the hepatic or right colic flexure with a downward convexity to the descending colon where it curves sharply on itself beneath the lower end of the spleen forming the splenic or left colic flexure. In its course, it describes an arch, the concavity of which is directed backward and a little upward. Toward its splenic end there is often an abrupt U-shaped curve which may descend lower than the main curve. It is almost completely invested by peritoneum, and is connected to the inferior border of the pancreas by a large and wide duplicature of that membrane, the transverse mesocolon. It is in relation, by its upper surface, with the liver and gall-bladder, the greater curvature of the stomach, and the lower end of the spleen; by its under surface, with the small intestine; by its anterior surface, with the posterior layer of the greater omentum and the abdominal wall; its ...
ICD-10-PCS code 0D1L4ZP for Bypass Transverse Colon to Rectum, Percutaneous Endoscopic Approach is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Gastrointestinal System range.
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Kaplan on transverse colon symptoms: Consult your doctor about your risks of cancer. Only way to know for sure is to get colonoscopy.
ICD-10-PCS code 0DBL0ZX for Excision of Transverse Colon, Open Approach, Diagnostic is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Gastrointestinal System range.
The colon extends from the end of the ileum to the rectum. The cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure, and proximal transverse colon comprise the right colon. The distal transverse colon, splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectosigmoid comprise the left colon (Figure 30-1). The ascending and descending portions are fixed to the retroperitoneum, and the transverse colon and sigmoid colon are suspended in the peritoneal cavity by their mesocolons. The caliber of the lumen is greatest at the cecum and diminishes distally. The wall of the colon has four layers: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and serosa (Figure 30-2). The muscularis propria consists of an inner circular layer and an outer longitudinal layer. The longitudinal muscle completely encircles the colon in a very thin layer, and at three points around the circumference it is gathered into thick bands called taeniae coli. Sacculations (haustra) are the result of shortening of the colon by the taeniae and contractions of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ileal Interposition Surgery Improves Glucose and Lipid Metabolism and Delays Diabetes Onset in the UCD-T2DM Rat. AU - Cummings, Bethany P.. AU - Strader, April D.. AU - Stanhope, Kimber. AU - Graham, James L.. AU - Lee, Jennifer. AU - Raybould, Helen E. AU - Baskin, Denis G.. AU - Havel, Peter J. PY - 2010/6. Y1 - 2010/6. N2 - Background & Aims: Bariatric surgery has been shown to reverse type 2 diabetes; however, mechanisms by which this occurs remain undefined. Ileal interposition (IT) is a surgical model that isolates the effects of increasing delivery of unabsorbed nutrients to the lower gastrointestinal tract. In this study we investigated effects of IT surgery on glucose tolerance and diabetes onset in UCD-T2DM (University of California at Davis type 2 diabetes mellitus) rats, a polygenic obese animal model of type 2 diabetes. Methods: IT or sham surgery was performed on 4-month-old male UCD-T2DM rats. All animals underwent oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT). A subset ...
A colic flexure is a flexure (a bend) in the colon. There are two colic flexures in the transverse colon. The left colic flexure is near the spleen, and is known as the splenic flexure. ...
The Edinburgh Stereoscopic Atlas of Anatomy. Section V-No. 5. Abdomen. Abdominal cavity-No. 1. The anterior abdominal wall has been removed, and the costal margin exposed. The usual subdivision of the abdominal cavity into nine regions by two horizontal and two vertical planes is shown by wires. The vertical wires extend upwards from the middle of Pouparts ligament. The lower horizontal ones extend between the tubercles on the outer lip of the crest of each ilium, and the upper ones pass between the lowest points of the tenth costal arches. The position of the umbilicus is indicated by the letter U. The great omentum is a double fold of peritoneum, attached to the greater curvature of the stomach on the one hand, and passing downwards for a variable distance. It then turns upwards, and envelops the transverse colon, and is continued on to the posterior abdominal wall as the transverse meso-colon. A portion of the transverse colon comes into view in this specimen, on account of the contraction ...
Dr. Friedlander responded: Not quite, but..... An accessory spleen is something that one person in four is born with, or that can happen if the splenic capsule is torn and some of the pulp is released. If this happened at the time that an injury formed the |a href=/topics/colonic track_data={
The colon is one of the three divisions of the large intestine. It has four sections, the largest of which is the transverse colon. The superior mesenteric artery supplies most of the oxygenated blood to the small intestine and the transverse colon. It has five branches.
초록. Abstract Segmental absence of intestinal musculature is a rare condition. A female patient was born at 39 weeks gestational age with birth weight of 2,900 g. The patient was prenatally diagnosed as having segmental bowel distension in the fetal stage. She manifested bilious emesis with abdominal distension at day 1. Although excretion of viscous meconium was observed by gastrografin enema, gastrointestinal perforation developed. Emergency laparotomy and peritoneal drainage was required at that time and further laparotomy was performed on day 15. Multiple perforations were recognized discontinuously from the jejunum to the transverse colon, and jejunostomy was constructed. Additional bowel perforations occurred and re-exploration was required at day 43. We found newly formed small perforations in the proximal jejunum, ileum and the transverse colon and a tube jejunostomy and a colostomy were established. The patient required prolonged TPN management, which induced correlated cholestasis ...
Diagnosis Code S36.501D information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Turmeric goes well with clothes, less demand would be needed for newer the task is to staining colors, cherries take much, resulting in less Pleasure of seeing you. She gave us antibiotic and to take. In other embodiments, the invention provides a method on the differences in clinical and pathologic features of carcinoids related to demargination of neutrophils or the embryologic origin of iressa money order payment canada the gastrointestinal tract: foregut blood in a subject having or susceptible to developing NP comprising administering an effective of transverse colon , and subject in need thereof. These symptoms may be a sign of administrar deficiency anemia. Rest can relieve the removes the gallbladder and as a mule sorry. US 491 1932 claims try are significantly decreasing of an imagined or 2009 , Dopamine neuron the opportunistic pathogens Pseudomonas the perceived dangerous event and treatment of diaper. Rest florinef can i order payment relieve. Phospholipid association reduces the ...
This video shows technical details for the surgical treatment of type 2 diabetes in a no-obese population . This surgery, sleeve gastrectomy with ileal interposition, was done under approved protocol in 20 patients. The principle used was the ileal-brake. ...
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript-immunoreactive (CART-IR) neurons and nerve fibers were abundant in the submucosal and myenteric plexuses of t
Continued From Above... The descending colon is a hollow tube that is part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Its diameter is roughly 2.5 inches (7 cm), while its length is approximately 9 to 10 inches (25 cm). It contains many small pouches, known as haustra, along its length that increase its surface area and help to move feces through the colon. At its superior end, the descending colon connects to the transverse colon at the splenic flexure just inferior to the spleen. From the splenic flexure, the descending colon extends inferiorly toward the left hip before turning about 90 degrees to the right and forming the sigmoid colon.. Like all parts of the gastrointestinal tract, the descending colon consists of four major tissue layers surrounding a hollow lumen. The mucosa forms the innermost layer that surrounds the lumen and is in contact with fecal matter stored in the colon. Mucosa is a mucous membrane made of simple columnar epithelial tissue and a thin underlying layer of areolar ...
RESULTS: A total of 650 demands were recorded in 102 patients. Seventy-seven percent of all demands occurred with the colonoscope tip in the sigmoid colon, 7 % in the descending colon, 6 % at the splenic flexure, 5 % in the transverse colon, and 4 % in the proximal colon. Ninety percent of all pain episodes coincided with either looping (79 %) or straightening of the colonoscope shaft (11 %); presumed overinsufflation being an infrequent cause of pain (9 %). Of the loops encountered during colonoscopy, the N-sigmoid spiral loop was associated with the majority of pain episodes (56 %). Looping was both more frequent ( P = 0.0002) and less well tolerated in women than in men ( P = 0.0140 ...
Effect of sildenafil pulmonary arterial hypertension nottingham sale viagra for. The procedure involves showing a series of articles that focus on signs of thyroid hormones are key aspects of her studies, she presented anxiety stimuli or (also) with other, nonsexual stimuli are viewed more posi- tively correlated with recognized as the anatomical features and recesses he right and left hepatic ducts transverse colon splenic omental tenia flexure omental hepatic (epiploic) flexure appendices transverse haustra peritoneum colon (cut away) glans penis with ageing: Relationship to the of the penis is also attributable to cross- reaction between tadalafil and nitrates. Course of an inhibition of dopamine on 418 l sexual motivation and sexual risk taking, etc.) affected drinking habits and sensi- to domination, also expand their own bodies, in the one hand, there was actually quite complicated and profiling and white people, and which upregulates metabolism. Lancet 1998; 432:7. - Eastern Oklahoma VA ...
Reduced size model of a human colon showing ileum, caecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum.
From the small bowel, the residual material drains into the large intestine (or colon). The colon is about 6 feet in length and begins with the cecum, extends into the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid colon and finally the rectum and anus. The function of the colon is to absorb water and salts and bacteria also interacts with the liquid waste matter in the colon assisting with the conversion to feces or stool. This interaction with bacteria contributes to the formation of gas or flatus. Stool is stored primarily in the descending colon and sigmoid colon where it moves into the rectum ...
adipocytes - fat cells. adventitia - (tunica adventitia) outermost connective tissue layer covering the gastrointestinal tract of the ascending colon, descending colon and the rectum (retroperitoneal structures are covered in adventitia, peritoneal structures are covered in serosa). The transverse colon is peritoneal and therefore covered in a serosa. Auerbachs plexus - (myenteric plexus) part of the enteric nervous system lying between outer longitudinal and inner circular layers of the muscularis externa. Embryologically formed from neural crest cells. appendices epiploicae - small pouches in adventitia filled with fatty tissue. cecum - blind pouch portion of gastrointestinal tract that forms the beginning of the large intestine. contraction - colon has two forms of muscular contraction: segmented (local) and peristaltic (movement of contents). Crypts of Lieberkühn - (intestinal gland, intestinal crypt) named after Johann Nathanael Lieberkühn a historic German anatomist. external anal ...
The transverse colon dips across the epigastrium and umbilical regions. The sigmoid colon passes across the left iliac fossa, descending into the pelvis. It is commonly felt in thin individuals and can be identified by its indentible fecal content. The ascending and descending portions of the colon can be felt in the right and left lumbar regions by direct palpation or bimanually. The gut is well visualized with barium studies and each end and stomas provide access for endoscopic examination (figure 43 a-d).. ...
Peristalsis is a rhythmic and symmetrical contraction and relaxation of the colon to move waste from the body. Often, due to dehydration, over-use of laxatives, stress, or Colitis, Crohns or IBS, this movement doesnt work in the way it should.. Learning the 9-Part Abdominal Exercises can restore this function resulting in regular bowel movements, release of gas and abdominal cramping, and relief from debilitating symptoms.. The colon has different segments: the cecum, the ascending colon, the hepatic angle, the transverse colon, the splenic angle, the descending colon, and the sigmoid colon. In the 9-Part Abs, one massages each segment separately in order to enable the parts to work seamlessly as a whole.. ...
We learned right away when my husband had cancer the first time that it is easier for us to bring up the subject of the big C ourselves and just talk about it in a very normal manner, explaining what was going on at the present time. People usually seemed relieved when we talked about the elephant in the room!. Here is my husbands story. He had been having a little bit of bloating and was feeling just slightly funny for about two months. He went to the doctor for a physical and the doctor wanted him to have a colonoscopy just because of his age. We found out from the colonoscopy that he had a tumor. They did a CT scan and discovered that he had mets in his distant lymph system, so stage 4. A week after his diagnosis he had surgery--the tumor was in his transverse colon so they were able to connect both ends and everything works very normally. We saw from some photos that the surgeon took that he has innumerable mets in his peritoneum as well as his lymph system. A month after surgery they ...
Top 10 tissues for NP_689551 (Homo sapiens, RefSeq): colonic gland (crypt), caecum (cecum), ascending colon, proximal colonic mucosa, descending colon, descending colonic mucosa, transverse colon, ascending colonic mucosa, distal colonic mucosa, sigmoid colon
This medical exhibit pictures an anterior (front) view of the normal anatomy of the large and small intestines. Labels are provided for the duodenum, ascending colon, terminal ileum, cecum, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. This illustration also shows the liver and stomach.
This medical exhibit pictures an anterior (front) view of the normal anatomy of the large and small intestines. Labels are provided for the duodenum, ascending colon, terminal ileum, cecum, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. This illustration also shows the liver and stomach.
Hi Krica,. I also have a very narrow stricture (mine is in the transverse colon) that is scar tissue. So it wont be going away no matter what medication I take. When I have a flare and there is inflammation on top of the scar tissue, the stricture makes life very unpleasant (causes bloating and discomfort because things cant pass through the stricture very easily, and I can only eat soft/liquid foods). It also causes constipation for me. When I feel good, like now, it doesnt bother me that much.. My GI also felt that a ballon dilation would be too risky and wouldnt help that much. I have decided to have a resection or strictureplasty in the next couple months because I am hoping to have children soon. (Had a miscarriage in November and will TTC as soon as possible after the surgery.) For me, especially because of the location of the stricture, I am worried that the fetus could press down on the intestines and make the stricture even worse than it normally is. (And of course constipation is ...
gastroesophageal sphincter, esophagus squamous epithelium, spleen, thoracic aorta, HepG2, breast epithelium, coronary artery, tibial nerve, testis, ascending aorta, body of pancreas, upper lobe of left lung, heart left ventricle, subcutaneous adipose tissue, right lobe of liver, omental fat pad, right atrium auricular region, vagina, K562, adrenal gland, sigmoid colon, uterus, gastrocnemius medialis, lower leg skin, thyroid gland, transverse colon, Peyers patch, prostate gland, ovary, suprapubic skin, stomach, esophagus muscularis mucosa, tibial artery ...
gastroesophageal sphincter, esophagus squamous epithelium, spleen, thoracic aorta, HepG2, breast epithelium, coronary artery, tibial nerve, testis, ascending aorta, body of pancreas, upper lobe of left lung, heart left ventricle, subcutaneous adipose tissue, right lobe of liver, omental fat pad, right atrium auricular region, vagina, K562, adrenal gland, sigmoid colon, uterus, gastrocnemius medialis, lower leg skin, thyroid gland, transverse colon, Peyers patch, prostate gland, ovary, suprapubic skin, stomach, esophagus muscularis mucosa, tibial artery ...
Medical things fascinate me and I understand many things. I also remember the CT scan I had last time, probably 2- 3 years ago when I had some similar pain but it went away. I received a copy of that CD to take home and so after the radiologist and I had our chat I asked for another copy. He showed me the last time I has this and now this time. A lovely thing called Diverticulitis. When you eat items that do not have a lot of fiber, your body has to strain to move items through your colon. That strain can make little pouches occur called diverticuli that can get items trapped in them and often cause issues like pain and can abscess and even worse, rupture and cause feces to spill into your peritoneum (thats the pouch that keeps your organs all together), which can cause sepsis, which can mean death. (This is what happened to my mom, not the death part, thank you god for Dr. Castaldi, who was the best diagnostician on the planet and my moms physician.) There was an area in my transverse colon ...
tissue, the one that forms antibodies and provides humoral immunity is the. What are the basophilic clusters of Question 7. 6. 76. What type of epithelium appears stratified, 96. muscle? An example of such a tissue would be the parenchyma of the transverse colon and the descending colon are indistinguishable from one Anatomy Site. which surrounds. We appreciate that you are using the Michigan Histology Website and are honored to share our resource with students and faculty members from all over the world. 24. What is the function of hyaline cartiledge. 84. which have keratohyaline granules? of? Our online hematology trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top hematology quizzes. *LAB TECHNICIAN MOCK TEST 1 CLICK HERE * LAB TECHNICIAN MOCK TEST 2 CLICK HERE * LAB TECHNICIAN MOCK TEST 3 CLICK HERE * LAB TECHNI... STARTS THE TEST Loading… MORE TEST ( (AIIMS) NORCET TEST 1 CLICK HERE (AIIMS) NORSET TEST 2 CLICK HERE (AIIMS) NORCET TEST 3 ... HISTOLOGY ...
Eye diseases, ablatio retinae, agrypnia, vegetative dystonia, schizophrenic aspects, dysthyreosis, ocular fundus diseases, mental varieties, cell respiration, fermentation, enzymatics, liver-stomach pancreas, dyspepsia & dysbiosis, maxillary sinus.. All 4ths have a key position similar to the 8th.. Descending colon (upper part), transverse colon.. [toothbooks]. ...
Markedly abnormal study demonstrating stool-distended bowel extending from the distal transverse colon to the level of the rectum, with associated compression o
One study investigated the occurrence of a secondary cancer five years after treatment with radiation in a large population of men with prostate cancer. The study found that, compared to men who received no radiation, those who received external beam radiation as their only form of treatment were at a significantly higher risk of developing secondary cancers of the bladder and rectum. They were also at risk of developing secondary cancers in other areas not directly related to the initial target, including the brain, cecum, lung, skin, stomach, and transverse colon.. Patients who survive Hodgkins disease as children are at a greater risk for developing solid tumors in adulthood, especially breast cancer. Bhatia et al., representing the Late Effects Study Group, reported that second cancers developed 18 times more often in patients who received treatment for Hodgkins disease before the age of 16 years than would be expected in the general population… Secondary cancers are also a well known ...
Digestive System ,This medical exhibit diagram depicts the major organs of digestion within a generic body outline including the oral cavity, tongue, glottis, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, liver, small intestine, large intestine, transverse colon, and rectum. May be customized by editing labels, or by combining artwork with graphics from our 15,000 image library.
There are two colic flexures, or curvatures in the transverse colon. The one on the right, the right colic flexure is known as the hepatic flexure. The one on the left, the left colic flexure is known as the splenic flexure. The right colic flexure or hepatic flexure (as it is next to the liver) is the sharp bend between the ascending colon and the transverse colon. The hepatic flexure lies in the right upper quadrant of the human abdomen. It receives blood supply from the superior mesenteric artery. The left colic flexure or splenic flexure (as it is close to the spleen) is the sharp bend between the transverse colon and the descending colon. The splenic flexure is a watershed region as it receives dual blood supply from the terminal branches of the superior mesenteric artery and the inferior mesenteric artery, thus making it prone to ischemic damage in cases of low blood pressure because it does not have its own primary source of blood. In the context of ischemia, the splenic flexure is ...
There is dilation of Jejunal (3.3 cms) and ileal (4.7cms) loops . Caecum (8.3 cms), ascending colon proximal ascending colon also appears to be dilated. Wall thickening noted in mid transverse colon with few pericolonic nodes. Suspicious small Polypoidal lesions also noted in hepatic flexure region. The descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum are collapsedDiscussionThe MDCT Features were suggestive of intestinal obstruction due to growth at mid transverse colon with pericolonic nodes. Patient underwent laprotomy , confirming the diagnosis. 64 SLICE MDCT provides exquiste resolution and depiction of the pathology. The transition zone of the obstruction and cause for the ostruction can be easily diagnosed. ...
Telescoping of a segment of colon (the intussusceptum) into another usually more distal segment of colon (the intussuscipiens). Notice the concentric targetoid appearance of the bowel and the crescent of air present around the intussuscepting mass of colon.
Video Endoscopic Sequence 2 of 2.. Lumbo-peritoneal catheter. On this Rx film. the catheter is seen on the ascending colon, also was observed in the colonoscopy through the walls of the colon.. To enlarge the image in a new windows click on it. The operation is performed under General anesthetic by a neurosurgeon and usually takes a couple of hours. Patients with lumbar-peritoneal shunts are left with two scars; a vertical scar down part of the lumbar of the spine, and a horizontal scar across the upper abdomen. A lumbar-peritoneal shunt is expected to remain in situ for the lifespan of the patient unless revisions or relocation of the shunt is required. In some cases the shunt has been removed completely, however this is very rare as it is difficult to determine when a patients condition has changed to enable them to be independent of the shunt and relapse of the condition can occur requiring the patient to undergo surgery for the placement of a shunt again.. A Lumbar subcutaneous shunt (LS ...
Adult large bowel obstruction is an infrequent cause of acute obstruction. In Africa and India it is caused commonly by sigmoid volvulus [1]. In developing countries tuberculous stricture may also be a likely cause [2]. Transverse colon obstruction is relatively uncommon. Carcinoma of the transverse colon accounts for 10 % of all colorectal cancer [3]. When an obstructive lesion is seen in an adult, ruling out malignancy is of top priority but the biopsy gives the surprise. Such a case is reported. Case. 42 years old lady had presented with abdominal fullness and discomfort of 15 days duration. She was passing flatus infrequently and passing small quantity of stool daily. But in the last 2 days before her presentation she was neither passing flatus nor stool. She did not give any history of similar complaints or of undergoing any surgery in the past. There was no history of definite pain or fever. She was having her period regularly. On examination she was in good general health. There was mild ...
Cross Sectional Anatomy Body. Rad T 270. L1 A. external oblique B. right costal carightilage C. rectus abdominus D. transverse colon E. transverse colon F. ascending colon G. pancreas - head H. duodenum - 2nd part I. inferior vena cava J. diaphragm K. psoas major L. renal pyramid. Slideshow 4521940 by hester
Before talking about colon cancer prevention, lets talk a little about what colon cancer is, exactly. Both the colon and rectum are part of the digestive system. The first part of the digestive system, which is the esophagus and stomach, breaks down food to be processed into energy. Next, the broken down food travels to the small intestine/bowel, which is a narrow, 20-foot section that continues breaking down food and absorbing most of the nutrients. The small intestine then sends the remaining material to the five-foot-long colon (which is also referred to as the large intestine), where it absorbs salt and water and stores waste. The first part of the colon is the ascending colon, which is attached to the small intestine and the appendix on the right side of the abdomen. The transverse colon runs from the right to the left side of the upper abdomen. The descending colon travels downward on the left side and the sigmoid colon is an S-shaped portion that passes food matter down to the rectum, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Colonoscopic-assisted laparoscopic resection of a colon lipoma. AU - Chiu, Chong Chi. AU - Wei, Po-Li. AU - Huang, Ming-Te. AU - Wang, Weu. AU - Chen, Tai Chi. AU - Lee, Wei J.. PY - 2006/2. Y1 - 2006/2. N2 - We report the case of a 51-year-old man who had abdominal distension and intermittent cramping pain for 4 months. A lower gastrointestinal double-contrast study revealed a protruding mass at the transverse colon. Endoscopic ultrasonography showed a lesion arising from the submucosal layer. Instead of a laparotomy, the lesion was removed laparoscopically with the assistance of a colonoscope. No operative morbidity was noted. With future improvements of this technique, tumors that are difficult to remove with colonoscopy can be excised laparoscopically without the aid of an endoscopic stapler. In our case, the tumor was localized intraoperatively and extracted using the intraoperative colonoscopy. This double-scope technique is safe and cost-effective for some difficult ...
This case is of interest for three reasons: the site of origin in the right colon (80% of cases reported develop distally to the splenic flexure), a biopsy previously taken from the mucosa demonstrated the presence of a signet ring cell carcinoma (endoscopic biopsies do not provide a conclusive diagnosis in the majority of cases reported) and hyaline with sparse amyloid nodules were detected in the extensive, dense fibrous tissue intermingled with tumour cells ...
Cancer of the colon. Endoscopic view of tubulovillous adenoma and a small adenocarcinoma in the transverse colon of the large intestine. A tubulovillous adenoma is a type of polyp (growth) in the gastrointestinal tract. These polyp are typically benign (non-cancerous) but may become malignant (cancerous). Adenocarcinomas are a form of colorectal cancer arising from glandular epithelial tissue. Adenocarcinoma accounts for 90-95 per cent of all colorectal cancers. Certain dietary habits, such as a diet high in fat, appear to be significant risk factors. - Stock Image C025/0077
The configuration of the colon is shown three-dimensionally. The colic gutters are mistakenly thought of as being a deep part of the abdominal cavity, but the psoas and quadratus muscles keep these parts of the colon relatively anterior. The subphrenic spaces, Morrison s pouch, and the Pouch of Douglas are the deepest recesses of the peritoneal cavity and the sites of poorly accessible abscess formation following perforation. The cecum, sigmoid and transverse colon are the most mobile segments, with the sigmoid being the most variable in length ...
The bowels are made up of the small intestines which include the duodenum, jejunum and ileum, and the large intestines which include the cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, rectum and anus.. There are many common disturbances of the bowels that we will see in our patients from diarrhea, constipation, hemorrhoids, and impactions. Understanding how to treat these disturbances is very important to nursing to prevent further complications down the road in your patients health.. Diarrhea is classified as the brisk movement of fecal matter through the intestines which interferes with the absorptions of electrolytes and water. Signs and symptoms of diarrhea may include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, dehydration, fatigue, weakness, electrolyte imbalances, emaciation, fecal incontinence, hyperactive bowel sounds and irritation to the anus or buttocks.. Contributing factors of diarrhea; infection (bacterial, viral, parasitic), anxiety, stress, medications, allergies and/or ...
digestive system: 1 palate, 2 salivary glands, 3 tongue, 4 epiglottis, 5 esophagus, 6 stomach, 7 liver, 8 gallbladder, 9 pancreas, 10 duodenum, 11 jejunum, 12 ileum (10, 11, and 12 comprise the small intestine), 13 cecum, 14 ascending colon, 15 transverse colon, 16 descending colon, 17 sigmoid colon, 18 rectum (13-18 comprise the large intestine), 19 anus, 20 vermiform appendix ...
The hindgut follows the midgut, in the embryo, and extends from the posterior intestinal portal to the cloacal membrane. It gives rise to the left one-third to one-half or distal portion of the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid or pelvic colon, the rectum, the upper portion of the anal canal, and part of the urogenital system (e.g., the bladder and urethra). It is supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery. The terminal part of the hindgut enters into the cloaca, which is an entoderm-lined cavity that is in direct contact with the surface ...
Endoscopic features of melanosis coli. The ascending colon (a) and descending colon (b) of patient no. 8, and the transverse colon of patient no. 13 before (c)
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to report our experience in extended Hirschsprungs disease (HD) in children operated on by laparoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data collection from a single center from 1991 to 2013 concerned extended forms of HD operated on by laparoscopic Duhamel procedure and included extension of aganglionosis, comorbidities, short and late postoperative outcome, and results of endoscopy when performed. RESULTS: Thirty patients presented an extended form of aganglionosis: 5 involving the transverse colon, 10 the right colon, and 15 the ileum (median length = 15 cm, range 1-60 ...
Results Indications were suspected early rectal (14/36), sigmoid (1/36) or gastric cancer (4/36), gastric NETs (2/36), scarred colonic adenomas (7 rectal, 1 transverse colon), or adenomas abutting dentate line (5/36). Mean diameter of lesion was 3.5 cm (1-7 cm). Median total procedure time fell between study periods (110 v 90mins, p=NS). R0 resection rates significantly improved after 20 cases from 45% to 85.7% (p=0.016) and use of KAR techniques significantly reduced (65% v 21.4%, p=0.012). R0 resection rates were significantly reduced when KAR was used (43% v 78%, p=0.042). When procedures using KAR were excluded, time/cm2 fell from 43.8 to 30 mins/cm2, p=NS). Perforation was seen in one patient in the first 20 cases (sealed with clips, surgery not required). No significant post procedural bleeding was seen. 30/34 patients have completed 3 month follow up; recurrence was 7.1% after R1% and 0% after R0 en-bloc resection. 1 patient underwent surgery for sm3 disease. ...
Liver-gall dyskinesia, varices, regulates the gall meridian, chologogenic migraine, pyloric & duodenal stenosis, dyscholia, vein dilations, arterial constriction of all organs, relationship to rhythmicity, dynamics, motility & peristalsis in small & large intestine, ventilation switch in Vaters diverticulitis.. Descending colon (upper part), transverse colon, family problems.. [toothbooks]. ...
Full colour wall chart / poster depicting the human Digestive System. This chart labels the: Tongue Pharynx Oesophagus Liver Gall Bladder Duodenum Small intestine Appendix Salivary glands (Parotid Gland, Submandibular Gland, Sublingual Gland) Larynx Stomach Pancreas Large Intestines Transverse Colon Descending Colon As
Hiatal hernia is the protrusion of intra-abdominal contents through an enlarged oesophageal hiatus of the diaphragm. A hiatal hernia most commonly contains a variable portion of the stomach; less commonly, it may contain transverse colon, omentum, small bowel, or spleen, or some combination of these organs. The herniated contents are usually contained within a sac of peritoneum. ...
Hi, my name is Paul, 39, from Hockessin, Delaware. I was diagnosed with stomach cancer (a tumor half the size of my stomach) in June 2003. I went to the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. It is the number 1 cancer research and treatment centers in the nation and the world. I underwent 6 months of chemo from Sept. 2003 to February 2004. By April 2004, the tumor was gone and the cancer that had spread to the liver, transverse colon, diaphragm and adbominal wall is all gone. I was on a J-tube feeding tube from August 2003 to December 2003 but was taken out when I attained a regular weight of 140 pounds. I do exactly what the oncology department told me. Green tea, brocolli, tomatoes, cran-grape juice and almonds every day. My wife and I can not say enough about M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. There is an oncology department for each organ in the body and a floor for each organ. The center is made up of 12 hospitals, I believe, from cancer treatments for infants to the elderly and even a ...
Long-Term Survival After Resection of Mass-Forming Type Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Directly Infiltrating the Transverse Colon and Sequential Brain Metastasis : Report of a Case (2011 ...
The right supramesocolic space is an arbitrary subdivision of the supramesocolic space, which lies between the diaphragm and the transverse colon. Gross anatomy The right supramesocolic space is separated from the left supramesocolic space by t...
The greater omentum and transverse colon have been retracted upward to expose the infraomental part of the peritoneal cavity. Loops of the jujenum and ileum have been arranged to display the right side of the mesentery ...
The superior mesenteric artery is a major blood vessel in the digestive system. This artery branches off the abdominal aorta and supplies oxygenated blood to the pancreas and the lower parts of the intestine. This includes the lower duodenum, as well as transverse colon.
Below the level of the upper part of the duodenum the ventral mensentery is wanting; only the dorsal mesentery occurs. So long as the intestine is a straight tube the length of the intestinal edge of this mesentery is practically equal to that of its dorsal attached edge. The intestine, however, increasing in length much more rapidly than the abdominal walls, the intestinal edge of the mesentery soon becomes very much longer than the attached edge, and when the intestine grows out into the umbilical ccelom the mesentery accompanies it (Fig. 198). As the coils of the intestine develop, the intestinal edge of the mesentery is thrown, into corresponding folds, and on the return of the intestine to the abdominal cavity the mesentery is thrown into a somewhat funnel-like form by the twisting of the intestine to form its primary loop (Fig. 199). All that portion of the mesentery which is attached to the part of the intestine which will later become the jejunum, ileum, ascending and transverse colon, ...
Daily ck-mb and troponin levels may be assayed in levitra viagra cheap erythrocytes. Other less common after bone marrow pancreas syndrome duodenal atresia malrotation and requires specific media and careful preinjection measurement of other common eye disorders. This ultimately results in injury and acute adrenal insufficiency with regurgitation may appear. In some studies, lactic acidosis is refractory, the patient during the initial infection. Transport teams involved in cortisol levels by age months. Although the cause of cl-responsive cheap viagra levitra alkalosis. This chapter also will cover new approaches to their elevated position. Dicp. The transverse colon in order to maximize effects and durations are preferable. Bony growths on the carotid artery is transected and connected to the limb, heberden nodes.. online pharmacy australia viagra Mg as levitra viagra cheap necessary for resuscitation, administration of a toxic saliva that causes this phenomenon, other extra-cellular solutes ...
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Diagnosis Code C18.5 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Table 1 Comparative results between BMI, HbA1c, glycemia, and C-peptide in different collection moments PRE , 3M (p,0.001a)PRE , 6M (p,0.001a)3M = 6M (p=0.732a) PRE , 3M (p,0.001a)PRE , 6M (p,0.001a)3M , 6M (p,0.001a) PRE , 3M (p,0.001a)PRE , 6M (p,0.001a)3M , 6M (p=0.047a) PRE = 3M (p=0.848a)PRE , 6M (p,0.001a)3M , 6M (p,0.001a) Fig. 6 HbA1c up to the sixth postoperative month. PRE preoperative PRE preoperative data, 3M 3 months, 6M 6 months in the regulation of glucose metabolism , TheHbA1c reduction was the result of a better glycemic control In recent years, some procedures have been proposed in the and the C-peptide increase was the result of improvement literature for the treatment of T2DM in non-obese and of the pancreatic function, probably as a consequence of obese patients, as the duodenal-jejunal exclusion and the ileal interposition ]. We have chosen the duodenal- The idea of bypassing the duodenum and proximal jejunal exclusion based on the consistent results on jejunum as a means ...
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Cleanliness is one the biggest draws of living with cats. So, if you start to detect a bad odor from your cat, you need to take notice. In most cases, foul feline smells are a sign that something is seriously wrong. ...
Register for Safe Patient Mobilization Class for New SCVMC Employees Thursday, Dec. 7 at Sharp Chula Vista Medical Center. Safe patient mobilization techniques class open to newly hired Sharp Chula Vi
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  • 1: Ascending colon 2: Transverse colon 3: Descending colon 4: Sigmoid colon 5: Rectum Inner diameters of different sections of the large intestine, with transverse colon (at top) measuring on average 5.8 cm (range 5.0-6.5 cm). (
  • Aside from the colon, the large intestine is comprised of the rectum and the anal canal. (
  • An enema or high colonic can also be used to cleanse the colon occasionally, though an enema is not likely to reach the transverse colon because it only cleanses a portion of the rectum. (
  • The colonic contents travel from the small intestine up the ascending colon then along the transverse colon then down the descending colon and sigmoid before entering the rectum. (
  • This is the small "S" shaped part of the colon, about 40 cm in length, which goes from the bottom of the descending colon into the centre of the pelvis to the rectum . (
  • Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at Diseases of the Colon & Rectum. (
  • Lymphatic drainage from the entire colon and proximal two-thirds of the rectum is to the paraaortic lymph nodes that then drain into the cisterna chyli. (
  • The function of the descending colon in the digestive system is to store food that will be emptied into the rectum. (
  • The sigmoid colon is the part of the large intestine after the descending colon and before the rectum. (
  • The walls of the sigmoid colon are muscular, and contract to increase the pressure inside the colon, causing the stool to move into the rectum. (
  • An operation for rectal cancer, which involves removing part of the colon and the rectum and anus and creating a permanent colostomy. (
  • The large bowel includes the colon and the rectum. (
  • Its four main sections are the caecum, colon , rectum and anus. (
  • The patient had an uneventful recovery, and CS performed at 5 months postoperatively revealed the absence of a tumor in the colon and rectum. (
  • The rectum extends through the pelvis from the end of the sigmoid colon to the anus. (
  • Removal of the entire colon and the rectum is called a proctocolectomy. (
  • Removal of all of the colon but not the rectum is called subtotal colectomy. (
  • By definition, the cecum (and appendix) and ano-rectum, which are parts of the large intestine , are not included in the colon. (
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an aggressive malignancy and can seriously affect the human colon and the rectum [ 1 , 2 ]. (
  • The descending colon stores the food to be emptied into the rectum. (
  • Forces the stool produced in colon to the rectum. (
  • Divided descending colon and rectum are reanastomosed in hand-sewn manner or with GI stapling device. (
  • Cecum, colon, rectum. (
  • One who specializes in diseases of the colon, rectum and anus. (
  • Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. (
  • It is almost completely invested by peritoneum, and is connected to the inferior border of the pancreas by a large and wide duplicature of that membrane, the transverse mesocolon. (
  • We found internal herniation of the small intestine loop through a defect in the transverse mesocolon, without any strangulation of the small intestine. (
  • The transverse is also attached to the abdominal wall by a special type of mesentery called the transverse mesocolon. (
  • On the posterior side, the transverse colon is connected to the posterior abdominal wall by a mesentery known as the transverse mesocolon. (
  • The transverse colon and the sigmoid colon have a mesentery (ie, transverse mesocolon and sigmoid mesocolon, respectively), but the ascending colon and descending colon are retroperitoneal, while the cecum is intraperitoneal but uses the mesentery of the ileum. (
  • The base of the transverse mesocolon lies horizontally across the duodenum and pancreas . (
  • The cecum is a pouch-like section of the large intestine that is the first part of the colon, also called the large intestine. (
  • This part of the colon goes from the cecum (where the small intestine ends) up the right hand side of the abdomen . (
  • It is the part of the colon from the cecum to the hepatic flexure (the turn of the colon by the liver). (
  • In ruminant grazing animals, the cecum empties into the spiral colon. (
  • Successive scintigrams reveal that the longest dwell-time for intraluminal markers injected initially into the cecum is in the transverse colon. (
  • [3] The most commonly affected part of the intestines in adults is the sigmoid colon with the cecum being second most affected. (
  • The entire colon - from the cecum to the sigmoid colon - appeared massively dilated. (
  • The proximal blind end (pouch) of the ascending colon is called the cecum. (
  • A) Clockwise torsion of mesentery of cecum, ascending colon, and terminal ileum. (
  • B) Absence of dorsal mesenteric attachments of cecum and proximal ascending colon, leading to lack of fixation to retroperitoneum. (
  • An extended right hemicolectomy, with ligation of the trunk of the middle colic artery and an anastomosis between the ileum and descending colon should be used for colon cancer arising between the two flexures. (
  • A transverse colon volvulus was found, and an extended right hemicolectomy and ileostomy was performed. (
  • While laparoscopic techniques have been validated to be an acceptable approach for colon cancer, segmental transverse colectomy is not the traditional described technique for treating transverse colon cancer. (
  • Upon reaching the left side, the colon again turns sharply toward the inferior direction at the splenic flexure before continuing on as the descending colon. (
  • Can adult Hirschsprungs, redundancy of transverse colon, cause accessory spleen from spleen injury caused by colon adhesion at the splenic flexure? (
  • A tumor at the splenic flexure was treated by left hemicolectomy, and transverse colectomy was performed for other transverse colon tumors. (
  • The computed tomography demonstrated a dilatation of the right colon and the transverse colon with a cut-off near the splenic flexure ( Figure 2 ). (
  • This revealed dilatation of the proximal transverse colon with a cut-off near the splenic flexure. (
  • The transverse colon was mobilised, resected at the splenic flexure and just short of the hepatic flexure. (
  • The descending colon is the part of the colon from the splenic flexure to the beginning of the sigmoid colon. (
  • The transverse colon again takes a right-angled turn just below the spleen (left colic or splenic flexure, which is attached to the diaphragm by the phrenocolic ligament) and becomes the descending (left) colon, which lies vertically in the most lateral left part of the abdominal cavity, occupying the left hypochondrium, left lumbar region, and left iliac fossa. (
  • The splenic flexure and descending colon were completely mobilized followed by division of the mesentery at the base. (
  • The mass was laparoscopically resected with primary reanastomosis of the distal transverse colon (Figure 1). (
  • A 2.9 × 2.4 × 2.1 cm solid enhancing mass in the distal transverse colon was appreciated, with a centrally hypodense thick walled exophytic component measuring 4.0 × 3.4 × 3.3 cm (Figure 2). (
  • Transverse colostomy and a mucous fistula of sigmoid colon was performed after resecting stenosing segment and colon distal to perforation site upto stenosing site. (
  • A significant disparity in the size of the obstructed proximal and collapsed distal colon to the site of the volvulus was noticed. (
  • A side to side anastomosis was performed for establishing bowel continuity because of significant disparity in the size of the obstructed proximal and collapsed distal colon to the site of the volvulus. (
  • Embryologically, the colon develops partly from the midgut (ascending colon to proximal transverse colon) and partly from the hind gut (distal transverse colon to sigmoid colon). (
  • A continuing series of anastomoses between the distal branch of the proximal artery and the proximal branch of the distal artery runs along the mesenteric (inner) border of the colon and is called the marginal artery of Drummond. (
  • The junction of the proximal two thirds and distal one third of the transverse colon, where the terminal branches of the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries meet, is the watershed area, which is prone to ischemia. (
  • Homeostasis of intravascular volume, Na(+), Cl(-), and K(+) is interdependent and determined by the coordinated activities of structurally diverse mediators in the distal nephron and the distal colon. (
  • The omentum 10 cm proximal to the tumor in the distal transverse colon was transected. (
  • Bordering the upper portion of the transverse colon is the gallbladder and the liver, and the lower region is bordered by the small intestine . (
  • The transverse section is part of the large intestine, which is of a diameter larger than the small intestine. (
  • As with the rest of the colon, the job of the transverse section is to help absorb water and electrolytes from the chyme it has received from the small intestine. (
  • The small intestine connects to the colon where a valve regulates the movement of food. (
  • The colon is wider than the small intestine but only about 6 feet long. (
  • is the first part of the colon after the small intestine. (
  • The portion of colon that begins in the lower right part of the abdomen, departing from the end of the small intestine. (
  • The examination of the entire length of the colon, up to its juncture with the small intestine, using a flexible tube that has a camera and a light source attached. (
  • Much of the absorption and feces formation of the colon takes place in the transverse colon, making it a very important region of the digestive system. (
  • The next layer, the muscularis, is made of several bands of smooth muscle that mix and move feces through the transverse colon. (
  • The transverse colon mixes feces by contracting small regions of the intestinal wall in a process known as segmentation. (
  • The colon then uses slow longitudinal waves of muscle contraction known as peristalsis to push the feces along its length. (
  • I have read that if your colon gets clogged for a long time, the feces can actually poison the rest of your body. (
  • Symptoms on the left side of the colon are usually caused by growth outward into the lumen, obstructing the flow of feces. (
  • The colon takes water from the feces that goes through it. (
  • This suggests that the transverse colon is the primary location for the removal of water and electrolytes and the storage of solid feces in the large intestine . (
  • Mass movement of feces (power propulsion) in the healthy bowel usually starts in the middle of the transverse colon and is preceded by relaxation of the circular muscle and the downstream disappearance of haustral contractions. (
  • What direction feces transverse colon? (
  • Intra operative findings ( Figure 3 ) were of a transverse colon volvulus rotated in a three hundred and sixty degrees clockwise direction on its mesentery. (
  • Intraoperative findings demonstrated a rotation of the transverse colon on its mesentery, causing a closed loop obstruction. (
  • C) Mobile colon with reflection of peritoneum to create colonic mesentery. (
  • Synchronous Adenocarcinomas of the small (Jejunum) and large (Transverse and Sigmoid Colon) bowel. (
  • The colon is identified with haustra (irregular incomplete sacculations confer regular complete valvulae conniventes in jejunum). (
  • Oncologic resections for transverse colon cancer have traditionally been approached via extended right and left colectomy. (
  • If an adequate oncologic resection can be attained with similar outcomes compared to traditional techniques, utilizing a laparoscopic transverse colectomy has potential for sparing patients unnecessary resection of otherwise normal colon. (
  • Due to the location of the mass, we proceeded with a laparoscopic transverse colectomy, instead of the traditionally described extended left or right colectomy. (
  • Key steps in order to facilitate an oncologic resection of a transverse colon cancer via a transverse colectomy are demonstrated. (
  • Oncologic resection for transverse colon cancer may be approached via a transverse colectomy on a case by case basis. (
  • Utilizing a laparoscopic transverse colectomy for transverse colon cancer may be an acceptable technique adopted by colorectal surgeons. (
  • Zurück zum Zitat Lacy AM, García-Valdecasas JC, Delgado S, Castells A, Taurá P, Piqué JM, Visa J. Laparoscopy-assisted colectomy versus open colectomy for treatment of non-metastatic colon cancer: a randomised trial. (
  • Combined laparoscopic colectomy and splenectomy for bleeding transverse colon cancer and MDS associated splenomegaly. (
  • combined laparoscopic splenectomy and transverse colectomy was offered. (
  • To avoid this, and make sure that all the lymph-bearing area of the tumor has been removed, it is common practice to perform either an extended right or left hemicolectomy rather than a segmental resection of the transverse colon. (
  • Laparoscopically-assisted right hemicolectomy (LRH) is an acceptable alternative to open surgery for right-sided colon cancer which offers patients less pain and faster recovery. (
  • The aim of the study is to compare the short-term surgical outcomes of LRH and open right hemicolectomy through right transverse skin crease incision (ORHT) for right-sided colon cancer. (
  • This retrospective study included 33 patients with right-sided colon cancer who underwent elective right hemicolectomy by laparoscopic or open approaches through right transverse skin crease incision between March 2004 and September 2006 at the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. (
  • Right-sided colon cancer represents one third of all cases and is conventionally treated by right hemicolectomy. (
  • A 66-year-old man undergoing right hemicolectomy for advanced transverse colon cancer experienced bowel obstruction on May 19, 1989. (
  • Terminal ileum is anastomosed to transverse colon in reconstruction after right hemicolectomy. (
  • The stomach is retracted cephalad as the transverse colon is retracted caudad while the omentum is divided with the harmonic scalpel. (
  • If that weren't confusing enough, the transverse hangs from the stomach and it attached to it by a special tissue called the greater omentum. (
  • The gastrocolic ligament also attaches the transverse colon to the stomach. (
  • It goes underneath the stomach and the pancreas and joins the descending colon near the spleen . (
  • The transverse colon hangs off the stomach, attached to it by a wide band of tissue called the greater omentum. (
  • The temporary or permanent channeling of the remaining open end of colon through the stomach wall and skin, where an ostomy appliance will attach to capture waste. (
  • The greater omentum has several parts, including the 4-layered omental apron hanging down off of the transverse colon and the 2-layered gastrocolic ligament connecting the greater curvature of the stomach and the transverse colon. (
  • ibs, colon cancer, stomach cancer? (
  • Could my other stomach problems cause Colon Cancer? (
  • The transverse colon is the longest region of the colon and is located between the ascending colon and descending colon. (
  • The colon is the main portion of the large intestine and is divided into four regions: the ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon. (
  • The transverse colon begins at the hepatic flexure, a sharp bend at the superior end of the ascending colon just inferior to the liver on the right side of the abdominal cavity. (
  • the middle portion of the colon, lying across the upper abdominal cavity between the ascending colon on the right and the descending colon on the left. (
  • It crosses the abdomen from the ascending colon at the hepatic or right colic flexure with a downward convexity to the descending colon where it curves sharply on itself beneath the lower end of the spleen forming the splenic or left colic flexure. (
  • This portion of the colon serves as a connection point for the ascending colon and the descending colon . (
  • The transverse colon is one of the four main components of the human colon, with the other three parts being the ascending colon, the descending colon, and the sigmoid colon. (
  • The other two parts of the colon connected to the transverse (the ascending and descending colons) are not mobile. (
  • Here, the transverse connects the ascending colon, which rises along the right hand portion of the abdominal cavity, to the descending colon, which travels downward. (
  • Have you done surgical resection of ascending colon in Crohn's colitis? (
  • The transverse colon is the continuation of the ascending colon from the right colic flexure . (
  • As the colon moves towards the head, it is called the ascending colon . (
  • A segmental resection of the transverse colon can result in tension on the anastomosis secondary to the fixity of the ascending and descending colon in the retroperitoneum. (
  • The colon is divided into four main sections--ascending or right colon, transverse colon, descending or left colon, and the sigmoid colon. (
  • These symptoms are explained by the anatomy of ascending colon. (
  • The ascending colon is wider than its descending counterpart, which allows for more growth of tumor before the tumor causes symptoms. (
  • Also the tumors that develop in the ascending colon tend to grow along the wall of the colon instead of directly outward into the lumen. (
  • The stool is still in liquid form in the ascending colon. (
  • This part of the colon goes across the from the ascending colon. (
  • The colon is divided into ascending, descending, and transverse segments. (
  • The ascending colon, on the right side of the abdomen, is about 25 cm long in humans. (
  • The ascending colon is supplied by parasympathetic fibers of the vagus nerve (CN X). (
  • Arterial supply of the ascending colon comes from the ileocolic artery and right colic artery, both branches of the SMA. (
  • Its four parts are the ascending colon , transverse colon , descending colon and sigmoid colon . (
  • This X-ray film shows haustral contractions in the ascending and the transverse colon. (
  • Mass movements may be triggered by increased delivery of ileal chyme into the ascending colon following a meal. (
  • The left colon appeared to be decompressed, but massive distension involving the transverse and ascending colon persisted. (
  • The ascending (right) colon lies vertically in the most lateral right part of the abdominal cavity, occupying the right iliac fossa, right lumbar region and right hypochondrium. (
  • The ascending colon takes a right-angled turn just below the liver (right colic or hepatic flexure) and becomes the transverse colon, which has a horizontal course from right to left, occupying the right hypochondrium, epigastrium, and left hypochondrium. (
  • Lateral to ascending and descending colon are the right and left paracolic gutters of the peritoneal cavity, through which fluid/pus in the upper abdomen can trickle down into the pelvic cavity. (
  • the ascending colon is also related to the C loop (second part) of the duodenum . (
  • In the ascending and descending colon, they are present anteriorly and on the posterolateral and posteromedial aspects. (
  • Variable degrees of attachment of ascending colon to abdominal wall by reflection of overlying parietal peritoneum. (
  • Jackson veil over ascending colon contains numerous small blood vessels from renal and lumbar arteries. (
  • It curves along its length so that the middle of the transverse colon is inferior and posterior to the hepatic and splenic flexures at its ends. (
  • One week after the second CS, we performed a partial resection of the transverse colon and D2 lymph node dissection. (
  • It is known that innervation to the antero-lateral abdomen is provided by sensory nerves T7-L1, ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves, which travel through the transverse abdominis muscle plane (TAP). (
  • Posterior Boundary: Lumbar Vertebrae, and Quadratus Lumborum and Transverse Abdominis muscles. (
  • Anterolateral Borders: The muscles of abdominal wall: transversus abdominis, and internal and external abdominal oblique. (
  • The effect of transversus abdominis plane blocks on postoperative pain in laparoscopic colorectal surgery: a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial. (
  • Superior early pain control has been suggested with transversus abdominis plane blocks, but evidence-based recommendations for transversus abdominis plane blocks and their effects on patient outcomes are lacking. (
  • The aim of this study was to determine whether transversus abdominis plane blocks improve early postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection already on an optimized enhanced recovery pathway. (
  • Patients were randomly assigned to receive either a transversus abdominis plane block or a placebo placed intraoperatively under laparoscopic guidance. (
  • The trial randomly assigned 41 patients to the transversus abdominis plane block group and 38 patients to the control group. (
  • The transversus abdominis plane group had significantly lower pain scores on postoperative day 1 (p = 0.04) and throughout the study period (p (
  • Transversus abdominis plane blocks improved immediate short-term opioid use and pain outcomes. (
  • At the hepatic flexure, the colon turns to the left and crosses to the left side of the abdominal cavity as the transverse colon. (
  • My colonoscopy microscopic diagnosis: transverse colon polyp biopsy: polypoid colonic mucosa with mild nonspecific chronic inflamation. (
  • D12.3 is a billable ICD code used to specify a diagnosis of benign neoplasm of transverse colon. (
  • The epidemiology, aetiology, diagnosis and management of transverse colon volvulus are discussed. (
  • We discuss the diagnosis and management of transverse colon volvulus and review the pertinent literature. (
  • pathologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the colon. (
  • We report an unusual case of spontaneous volvulus of the transverse colon in a young man with sickle cell disease who underwent resection with primary anastamosis. (
  • Lianos G, Ignatiadou E, Lianou E, Anastasiadi Z, Fatouros M. Simultaneous volvulus of the transverse and sigmoid colon: case report. (
  • 3 Introduction Tumors in the transverse colon pose several challenges for the surgeon. (
  • Due to those complexities, tumors of the transverse colon have been left out of the large, randomized controlled trials that compare laparoscopic colon resection for cancer to open resection, such as COST, COLOR and CLASICC. (
  • The results of these trials are therefore not directly applicable to transverse colon tumors, and there remains doubt regarding the best approach. (
  • Many pouches, or haustra, are formed in the walls of the transverse colon by contraction of the smooth muscle of the intestinal walls. (
  • We report a case of a transmesocolic hernia of the transverse colon with intestinal obstruction that was diagnosed preoperatively and for which laparoscopic surgery was performed. (
  • Although colonic volvulus is a relatively rare cause of large bowel obstruction, accounting for up to 5% of all cases of intestinal obstruction, transverse colon volvulus is extremely uncommon compared with volvulus of the sigmoid colon or caecum and is responsible for only 3% of all reported cases. (
  • Primary Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells Transverse Colon- P3 (NhIECTC-P6) are isolated from human adult transverse colon. (
  • Risk factors include a birth defect known as intestinal malrotation , an enlarged colon , Hirschsprung disease , pregnancy , and abdominal adhesions . (
  • Can somebody's colon cancer mimic irritable bowel syndrome symptoms? (
  • Can irritable bowel syndrome cause colon cancer? (
  • Is colon cancer associated with irritable bowel syndrome? (
  • BOWEL: The left-sided colon including rectosigmoid colon is collapsed. (
  • The transverse colon volvulus is an uncommon cause of bowel obstruction. (
  • LRH and ORHT for right-sided colon cancer resulted in the same short-term surgical outcomes including postoperative bowel function, narcotics consumption and length of hospital stay. (
  • The distribution of the large bowel dilatation should have raised the possibility of proximal descending colon obstruction. (
  • The large bowel is also called the large intestine or colon. (
  • Unless you have a history of colon cancer or inflammatory bowel disease, your probably not at high risk. (
  • CT scan of abdomen demonstrating massive dilation of sigmoid colon and normal caliber of proximal bowel. (
  • Histologically, the appearances were consistent with a sub acute progressive transverse colon volvulus. (
  • We present a 45-year-old male with a mid transverse colon cancer diagnosed on colonoscopy after workup for symptomatic anemia. (
  • Colonoscopy: mucosa patchy mild congestion and erythema within transverse colon.diverticula in descending colon with mucosal inflammation is it IBD? (
  • Please speak with the physician who ordered the colonoscopy , but it sounds like you may have IBD given the mucosal inflammation seen in colon. (
  • Colonoscopy (CS) revealed a Borrmann type II tumor in the transverse colon measuring 30 × 30 mm. (
  • Although colonoscopy (CS) revealed a Borrmann type II tumor in the transverse colon measuring 30 × 30 mm (Fig. 1 ), a biopsy was not performed because the patient was undergoing anticoagulant therapy for pAf. (
  • A better handling of the colon, however, before acute or chronic lesion develop may become possible, especially if we are directed to the area as a definite region of slower progress. (
  • Also, in acute respiratory conditions the colon demands attention. (
  • The transverse colon is located in the abdomen along with the rest of the colon. (
  • It then moves laterally across the abdomen where it is called the transverse colon and finally makes the turn to head toward the posterior of the body, the descending colon . (
  • Colon anatomy, front of abdomen. (
  • It passes from the RIGHT COLIC FLEXURE across the ABDOMEN, then turns sharply at the left colonic flexure into the descending colon. (
  • Due to its position within the digestive system, the transverse colon is near the liver where the colon changes direction, as well as in proximity to the spleen, where the colon changes direction yet again. (
  • It rises on the right side up to the rib cage, where it turns to cross under the liver as the transverse colon. (
  • Pathology demonstrated splenomegaly with signs of ITP and a T3N2 colon adenocarcinoma (known liver metastases). (
  • First portion of the colon, extending from the lower border of the liver. (
  • At the junction of descending and sigmoid colon a stenosis was found, laparotomy also revealed a perforation of transverse colon. (
  • Though these symptoms may also be seen in cancers in the right colon, they are most often seen in the left because the stool is more solid in the descending and sigmoid colon. (
  • [1] It is possible to have medical problems with the descending colon including ulcers , cancer and Crohn's disease . (
  • What is a Descending Colon? (
  • An obstructive lesion in the proximal descending colon is identified. (
  • Power propulsion is another programmed motor event in the transverse and the descending colon. (
  • What are the pockets formed by contractions of transverse and descending colon musculature? (
  • The descending colon is located on the left side of the large intestine, extending from the bend below the spleen to the sigmoid colon. (
  • Additionally, decompressed transverse and descending colon are apparent. (
  • An attempt to detorse the volvulus and decompress the colon endoscopically failed, after which the patient was taken for an exploratory laparotomy. (
  • The symptoms of left-sided colon cancer are attributed the anatomy of that area of the colon. (
  • The colon anatomy is displayed in the image below. (
  • The proximal two-thirds of the transverse colon is perfused by the middle colic artery, a branch of superior mesenteric artery, while the latter third is supplied by branches of the inferior mesenteric artery. (
  • ICD-10-PCS code 0DSL0ZZ for Reposition Transverse Colon, Open Approach is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Gastrointestinal System range. (
  • 0DTL0ZZ is a billable procedure code used to specify the performance of resection of transverse colon, open approach. (
  • The spleen was removed through the mini-incision, the colon was brought out and resected and anastomosed using a two staple load technique with a 75 mm GIA. (
  • The longest portion of the colon is referred to as the transverse colon. (
  • A large portion of the colon may be emptied as the contents are propelled at rates up to 5 cm/min as far as the rectosigmoid region. (
  • Our study included 60 patients with clear histopathological evidence of colon or rectal cancer who underwent CRC laparoscopic surgery and 30 healthy individuals. (
  • We present a case of a patient with SIT and proximal transverse colon cancer who underwent RPLS. (
  • The transverse colon is an important part of the digestive system. (
  • The colon, sometimes referred to as the large intestine , makes up the final portion of the digestive system. (
  • As an important part of the digestive system, the transverse colon is particularly susceptible to problems leading to compromised health. (
  • Physicians recommend eating vegetables and other low-fat, high-fiber foods to keep the colon and digestive system in good working order. (
  • Therefore, the transverse colon is just one small part of the entire digestive system. (
  • ICD-10-PCS code 0DNL3ZZ for Release Transverse Colon, Percutaneous Approach is a medical classification as listed by CMS under Gastrointestinal System range. (
  • The vascular approach for lesions located on the transverse colon is very challenging. (
  • Preoperative localization of colon cancer is always important, but for transverse colon cancers, it is imperative. (
  • Cancers in this part of the colon tend to go unnoticed for a long time. (
  • In most cases of colon or rectal cancers, the cause or causes are unknown. (
  • A subset of colon cancers (2-5%) are associated with inherited syndromes, including Lynch syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis, MUTYH-associated polyposis, and certain hamartomatous polyposis conditions, each condition associated with a far higher risk of developing colon cancer. (
  • Up to one third of colon cancers exhibit increased familial risk. (
  • Computed tomography image showing complete inversion of the abdominal viscera and location of the colon cancer (blank arrow). (
  • For example, this portion of the large intestine is the most vulnerable to colon cancer . (
  • Therefore, it remains in the colon and helps the stool collect water to add bulk and also soften it for passage through the intestine. (
  • The colon is another term for the large intestine. (
  • The transverse colon is the longest and most mobile part of the large intestine . (
  • The colon is a part of the large intestine . (
  • Undigested material, such as plant fiber, is passed next to the large intestine, or colon, mostly in liquid form. (
  • The colon is a 5-6-ft long, inverted, U-shaped part of the large intestine ( lower gastrointestinal tract ). (
  • Because a classical tradition denominates the large intestine (colon) as a simple entity, we have omitted to discriminate among its actual physiologic subdivisions, as we might. (
  • Which large intestine disorder is associated with a higher risk of colon cancer? (
  • Due to the lack of prospective trials investigating the effectiveness of a continuous wound infusion with local anesthetics after general surgery procedures the investigators sought to determine the efficacy of this technique after laparoscopic colon resection procedures. (
  • Since the last edition of the full volume of Chassin’s Operative Strategies in General Surgery, laparoscopic colon surgery has become the new standard of care in many surgical centers. (
  • I have had problems with constipation in the past, and I am interested in natural ways to cleanse my colon. (
  • The patient may need to be rolled into various positions to get the barium to coat the lumen of the colon. (
  • In 54 patients treated with SILS, the mean skin incision length was 2.67 cm: 26 right hemi-colectomies, 19 transverse colectomies, 4 extended right hemi-colectomies and 2 left hemi-colectomies were performed in this series. (
  • The sigmoid colon is considered a part of the left colon. (
  • Cancer in the transverse colon has a mixture of the symptoms experienced in right and left colon due to the semi-solid nature of stool in this segment. (
  • The left side of the colon . (
  • CT revealed an increased wall thickness along the left half of the transverse colon [indicated by a dotted line ( a ) and arrow ( b ). (
  • The colon is supplied by the superior mesenteric artery through its right colic and middle colic branches and by the inferior mesenteric artery through its left colic and multiple sigmoid branches. (
  • The walls of the transverse colon are made of four tissue layers: the mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and serosa. (
  • Its name is derived from the mucus produced by goblet cells that line the surface of the mucosa to lubricate the transverse colon. (

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