Myelitis, Transverse: Inflammation of a transverse portion of the spinal cord characterized by acute or subacute segmental demyelination or necrosis. The condition may occur sporadically, follow an infection or vaccination, or present as a paraneoplastic syndrome (see also ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED). Clinical manifestations include motor weakness, sensory loss, and incontinence. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1242-6)Colon, Transverse: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between ASCENDING COLON and DESCENDING COLON. It passes from the RIGHT COLIC FLEXURE across the ABDOMEN, then turns sharply at the left colonic flexure into the descending colon.Colonic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON.Transverse Sinuses: The two large endothelium-lined venous channels that begin at the internal occipital protuberance at the back and lower part of the CRANIUM and travels laterally and forward ending in the internal jugular vein (JUGULAR VEINS). One of the transverse sinuses, usually the right one, is the continuation of the SUPERIOR SAGITTAL SINUS. The other transverse sinus is the continuation of the straight sinus.Colon, Descending: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between TRANSVERSE COLON and the SIGMOID COLON.Colon, Sigmoid: A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.Colon, Ascending: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the TRANSVERSE COLON. It passes cephalad from the cecum to the caudal surface of the right lobe of the LIVER where it bends sharply to the left, forming the right colic flexure.Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Diverticulum, Colon: A pouch or sac opening from the COLON.HT29 Cells: Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells such as the GOBLET CELLS.Ligaments: Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Myelitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord. Relatively common etiologies include infections; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES; SPINAL CORD; and ischemia (see also SPINAL CORD VASCULAR DISEASES). Clinical features generally include weakness, sensory loss, localized pain, incontinence, and other signs of autonomic dysfunction.Azoxymethane: A potent carcinogen and neurotoxic compound. It is particularly effective in inducing colon carcinomas.Carpal Joints: The articulations between the various CARPAL BONES. This does not include the WRIST JOINT which consists of the articulations between the RADIUS; ULNA; and proximal CARPAL BONES.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Cranial Sinuses: Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).Colectomy: Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Colostomy: The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.1,2-Dimethylhydrazine: A DNA alkylating agent that has been shown to be a potent carcinogen and is widely used to induce colon tumors in experimental animals.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Palatal Expansion Technique: An orthodontic method used for correcting narrow or collapsed maxillary arches and functional cross-bite. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry),Colitis: Inflammation of the COLON section of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE), usually with symptoms such as DIARRHEA (often with blood and mucus), ABDOMINAL PAIN, and FEVER.Sarcolemma: The excitable plasma membrane of a muscle cell. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)Gastrointestinal Motility: The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Sigmoid Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the SIGMOID COLON.Cervical Atlas: The first cervical vertebra.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Dimethylhydrazines: Hydrazines substituted with two methyl groups in any position.Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial: Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the CRANIAL SINUSES, large endothelium-lined venous channels situated within the SKULL. Intracranial sinuses, also called cranial venous sinuses, include the superior sagittal, cavernous, lateral, petrous sinuses, and many others. Cranial sinus thrombosis can lead to severe HEADACHE; SEIZURE; and other neurological defects.Rectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Occipital Bone: Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.Sebaceous Gland Diseases: Diseases of the sebaceous glands such as sebaceous hyperplasia and sebaceous cell carcinoma (SEBACEOUS GLAND NEOPLASMS).Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Anisotropy: A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.Sarcoplasmic Reticulum: A network of tubules and sacs in the cytoplasm of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that assist with muscle contraction and relaxation by releasing and storing calcium ions.Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.Neuromyelitis Optica: A syndrome characterized by acute OPTIC NEURITIS; MYELITIS, TRANSVERSE; demyelinating and/or necrotizing lesions in the OPTIC NERVES and SPINAL CORD; and presence of specific autoantibodies to AQUAPORIN 4.Cardiomegaly: Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.Tumor Cells, Cultured: Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.Cecal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the CECUM.Carpal Bones: The eight bones of the wrist: SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; TRIQUETRUM BONE; PISIFORM BONE; TRAPEZIUM BONE; TRAPEZOID BONE; CAPITATE BONE; and HAMATE BONE.Intestine, Large: A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.Adenoma: A benign epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Sacrum: Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.Caco-2 Cells: Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation.Myocytes, Cardiac: Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC).Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Cerebral Veins: Veins draining the cerebrum.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Carcinogens: Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.Myofibrils: The long cylindrical contractile organelles of STRIATED MUSCLE cells composed of ACTIN FILAMENTS; MYOSIN filaments; and other proteins organized in arrays of repeating units called SARCOMERES .Barium Sulfate: A compound used as an x-ray contrast medium that occurs in nature as the mineral barite. It is also used in various manufacturing applications and mixed into heavy concrete to serve as a radiation shield.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Palate, Hard: The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.Mesocolon: The fold of peritoneum by which the COLON is attached to the posterior ABDOMINAL WALL.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Mice, Inbred C57BLApoptosis: One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Denture Repair: The process of reuniting or replacing broken or worn parts of a denture.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Hamate Bone: A carpal bone located between the CAPITATE BONE and the TRIQUETRUM BONE. The hamate has a prominent process that projects anteriorly.Anatomy, Artistic: The study of the structures of organisms for applications in art: drawing, painting, sculpture, illustration, etc.Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Intestinal Obstruction: Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.Haversian System: A circular structural unit of bone tissue. It consists of a central hole, the Haversian canal through which blood vessels run, surrounded by concentric rings, called lamellae.Anura: An order of the class Amphibia, which includes several families of frogs and toads. They are characterized by well developed hind limbs adapted for jumping, fused head and trunk and webbed toes. The term "toad" is ambiguous and is properly applied only to the family Bufonidae.Dextran Sulfate: Long-chain polymer of glucose containing 17-20% sulfur. It has been used as an anticoagulant and also has been shown to inhibit the binding of HIV-1 to CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES. It is commonly used as both an experimental and clinical laboratory reagent and has been investigated for use as an antiviral agent, in the treatment of hypolipidemia, and for the prevention of free radical damage, among other applications.Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Microradiography: Production of a radiographic image of a small or very thin object on fine-grained photographic film under conditions which permit subsequent microscopic examination or enlargement of the radiograph at linear magnifications of up to several hundred and with a resolution approaching the resolving power of the photographic emulsion (about 1000 lines per millimeter).Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Radiography, Abdominal: Radiographic visualization of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, i.e., within the peritoneal cavity.Abdominal Muscles: Muscles forming the ABDOMINAL WALL including RECTUS ABDOMINIS, external and internal oblique muscles, transversus abdominis, and quadratus abdominis. (from Stedman, 25th ed)Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Diverticulitis, Colonic: Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.Mice, Nude: Mutant mice homozygous for the recessive gene "nude" which fail to develop a thymus. They are useful in tumor studies and studies on immune responses.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Carcinoma: A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)Precancerous Conditions: Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Lateral Sinus Thrombosis: Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the LATERAL SINUSES. This condition is often associated with ear infections (OTITIS MEDIA or MASTOIDITIS) without antibiotic treatment. In developed nations, lateral sinus thrombosis can result from CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES; THROMBOPHILIA; and other conditions. Clinical features include HEADACHE; VERTIGO; and increased intracranial pressure.AxisNasal Cartilages: Hyaline cartilages in the nose. There are five major nasal cartilages including two lateral, two alar, and one septal.Labor Presentation: The position or orientation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR, determined by its relation to the SPINE of the mother and the birth canal. The normal position is a vertical, cephalic presentation with the fetal vertex flexed on the NECK.Atlanto-Occipital Joint: The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)Butyrates: Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxypropane structure.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Anticarcinogenic Agents: Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced tumors independently of the mechanism involved.Muscle Fibers, Skeletal: Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Intestinal Polyps: Discrete abnormal tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the INTESTINE. A polyp is attached to the intestinal wall either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.Rats, Inbred F344Digitoxin: A cardiac glycoside sometimes used in place of DIGOXIN. It has a longer half-life than digoxin; toxic effects, which are similar to those of digoxin, are longer lasting. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p665)Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Colitis, Ulcerative: Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Dura Mater: The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.Intestinal Perforation: Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.beta Catenin: A multi-functional catenin that participates in CELL ADHESION and nuclear signaling. Beta catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to the ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It also serves as a transcriptional co-activator and downstream component of WNT PROTEIN-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Microscopy, Confocal: A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.Cell Proliferation: All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.Constriction, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Colitis, Ischemic: Inflammation of the COLON due to colonic ISCHEMIA resulting from alterations in systemic circulation or local vasculature.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Atlanto-Axial Joint: The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.Mammaplasty: Surgical reconstruction of the breast including both augmentation and reduction.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Laparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.Trapezium Bone: A carpal bone adjacent to the TRAPEZOID BONE.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Antineoplastic Agents: Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Spinal Canal: The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Genes, APC: Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with familial adenomatous polyposis (ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS COLI) and GARDNER SYNDROME, as well as some sporadic colorectal cancers.Histocytochemistry: Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Thoracic Vertebrae: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Heart Conduction System: An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Tensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Aberrant Crypt Foci: Clusters of colonic crypts that appear different from the surrounding mucosa when visualized after staining. They are of interest as putative precursors to colorectal adenomas and potential biomarkers for colorectal carcinoma.Digestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Membrane Potentials: The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).Sigmoid Diseases: Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Muscle Proteins: The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.Neoplasm Transplantation: Experimental transplantation of neoplasms in laboratory animals for research purposes.Optics and Photonics: A specialized field of physics and engineering involved in studying the behavior and properties of light and the technology of analyzing, generating, transmitting, and manipulating ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION in the visible, infrared, and ultraviolet range.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Aquaporin 4: Aquaporin 4 is the major water-selective channel in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM of mammals.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Mice, Inbred BALB CCarcinoembryonic Antigen: A glycoprotein that is secreted into the luminal surface of the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract. It is found in the feces and pancreaticobiliary secretions and is used to monitor the response to colon cancer treatment.Enema: A solution or compound that is introduced into the RECTUM with the purpose of cleansing the COLON or for diagnostic procedures.Image Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Transducers: Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Elasticity: Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.Cineradiography: Motion picture study of successive images appearing on a fluoroscopic screen.Microtubules: Slender, cylindrical filaments found in the cytoskeleton of plant and animal cells. They are composed of the protein TUBULIN and are influenced by TUBULIN MODULATORS.Anatomy, Cross-Sectional: Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)Mucins: High molecular weight mucoproteins that protect the surface of EPITHELIAL CELLS by providing a barrier to particulate matter and microorganisms. Membrane-anchored mucins may have additional roles concerned with protein interactions at the cell surface.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Synaptonemal Complex: The three-part structure of ribbon-like proteinaceous material that serves to align and join the paired homologous CHROMOSOMES. It is formed during the ZYGOTENE STAGE of the first meiotic division. It is a prerequisite for CROSSING OVER.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid: A reagent that is used to neutralize peptide terminal amino groups.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Zygoma: Either of a pair of bones that form the prominent part of the CHEEK and contribute to the ORBIT on each side of the SKULL.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel: A tetrameric calcium release channel in the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM membrane of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, acting oppositely to SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES. It is important in skeletal and cardiac excitation-contraction coupling and studied by using RYANODINE. Abnormalities are implicated in CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS and MUSCULAR DISEASES.Ventricular Remodeling: The geometric and structural changes that the HEART VENTRICLES undergo, usually following MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. It comprises expansion of the infarct and dilatation of the healthy ventricle segments. While most prevalent in the left ventricle, it can also occur in the right ventricle.Cathartics: Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.

Asymptomatic tubular duplication of the transverse colon in an adult. (1/34)

Colonic duplication is a rare congenital anomaly of the alimentary tract. In most cases, symptomatic duplications of the colon are recognized and treated by childhood. It is uncommon for these lesions to be detected in the adulthood since they present with vague symptoms if at all. We experienced a case of asymptomatic tubular duplication of the transverse colon in a 40-year-old female. Barium enema revealed a tubular duplication of the transverse colon. The duplicated segment arose from the mid ascending colon and incorporated just proximal to the splenic flexure, running parallel to the transverse colon and communicating with it at both ends. Colonoscopy demonstrated a normal colonic mucosa in the duplicated segment. The diameter of its lumen gradually narrowed proximally and the colonoscope could not be passed through the proximal opening of the segment. The patient did not need any treatment. Duplications of the alimentary tract can be found at any age. The possibility of congenital lesions in the adult population should not be overlooked.  (+info)

Gastro-colonic anastomosis--a viable option in extensive small bowel infarction. (2/34)

INTRODUCTION: We have previously presented a patient with massive small and large bowel infarction and demonstrated that even with only a few inches of remaining small bowel an almost normal life-style and diet is possible. PATIENT: Recently, we have looked after a young and otherwise fit female patient who suffered mesenteric venous gangrene of the whole small bowel from the Ligament of Treitz to the caecum. In order to achieve gastro-intestinal continuity and to avoid the torrential fluid loss associated with high fistula, an anastomosis between the stomach and the transverse colon was formed. RESULTS: We are surprised to find that despite the extensive resection our patient maintains a good quality of life and is able to look after her young family.  (+info)

Transverse colon rupture in a young footballer. (3/34)

The case is reported of a 16 year old footballer who sustained a blunt abdominal injury resulting in traumatic rupture of the transverse colon and transverse process of L1.  (+info)

Resection of asynchronous quadruple advanced colonic carcinomas followed by reconstruction with ileal interposition between the transverse colon and rectum. (4/34)

We report an extremely rare case of resectable asynchronous quadruple advanced colonic carcinomas. Successful reconstruction was performed after resection with an ileal interposition between the remaining colon and rectum, and the patient recovered bowel function. Resections of the four colonic lesions in three operations allowed us to leave a portion of the large bowel and to thereby preserve the rectum and a portion of the transverse colon. After resection of the third and fourth cancer lesions, we reconstructed the large bowel with ileal segment interposition between the residual transverse colon and rectum, leaving a 15-cm-long segment portion of the transverse colon. This surgical procedure is an option for reconstruction after left-sided colectomy.  (+info)

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the transverse colon: a case report. (5/34)

We herein present a case of a 75-year-old female with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the transverse colon with the stage IE (Ann Arbor classification). Colonoscopy revealed the tumor's appearance as a IIa plus II c-like early colon cancer as defined according to the macroscopic classification of the Japanese Research Society for Cancer of Colon, Rectum and Anus, measuring less than 2 cm in diameter. Histologically, the tumor was diagnosed as MALT lymphoma because of the presence of lymphoepithelial lesions consisting of diffuse proliferation of atypical lymphocytes and glandular destruction. The majority of these lymphocytes immunohistochemically stained for the B-lymphocyte marker. The patient first underwent H pylori eradication therapy with Lansap. However, the tumor size gradually increased over the next 4 mo and the patient eventually underwent surgical resection. The operative procedure included a partial colectomy with dissection of the paracolic lymph nodes. The tumor measured 45 mm multiply 30 mm in diameter and histological examination showed that the lymphoma cells had infiltrated the muscle layer of the colon without nodal involvement. The patient has had no recurrence postoperatively without any chemotherapy.  (+info)

Pharmacological modulation of gut mucosal and large vessel blood flow. (6/34)

BACKGROUND: Constipation, diminished gut blood flow, ischaemic colitis and drug therapy may be associated. AIM: To study the effect of constipating medication on, and the regulation of, gut blood flow. METHODS: 24 healthy females (mean age 30) received, in a double-blind, three-way crossover study: (i) placebo, (ii) ipratropium 40 microg by inhalation (positive control known to reduce rectal mucosal blood flow) and (iii) oral loperamide 4 mg. Mucosal blood flow was measured at the splenic flexure and rectum using laser Doppler flowmetry. Blood flow in the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries was measured by trans-abdominal Doppler ultrasound. RESULTS: Ipratropium decreased rectal mucosal blood flow by 16% (P=0.009) and splenic flexure mucosal blood flow by 8% (P=0.075). Loperamide caused no change in rectal (P=0.40) or splenic flexure mucosal blood flow (P=0.73). Neither treatment changed superior or inferior mesenteric artery blood flow. Splenic flexure mucosal blood flow showed a positive correlation with rectal mucosal blood flow (r=0.69; P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Vasoactive agents may reduce gut mucosal blood flow in the absence of reduced large vessel flow. Constipating drugs do not necessarily reduce gut blood flow. Rectal mucosal blood flow correlates with splenic flexure mucosal flow, and potentially may be used as a more convenient surrogate for studying splenic flexure blood flow.  (+info)

Primary splenic flexure volvulus. (7/34)

Primary splenic flexure volvulus is a rare entity. We report an acute presentation of primary splenic flexure volvulus with gangrene in a 24-year-old man. Radiograph showed a massively-dilated large bowel loop with a coffee-bean sign. At emergency laparotomy, a distended and gangrenous splenic flexure was found, with absence of all three ligamentous attachments of the splenic flexure.  (+info)

Inflammatory fibroid polyp occurring in the transverse colon diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy. (8/34)

A case of an inflammatory fibroid polyp occurring in the transverse colon and diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy is reported. The patient was an 82-year-old man who visited our hospital for further evaluation of occult blood in stool. The Colonoscopy revealed a small, red, and peduncular polyp, about 6 mm in diameter, in the transverse colon. Histological examination of the biopsy specimen obtained from the polyp revealed proliferation of fibroblasts and infiltration of inflammatory cells such as plasma cells and eosinophils. This polyp was diagnosed as an inflammatory fibroid polyp, which can appear in many different locations throughout gastrointestinal tract, though still rare in the transverse colon.  (+info)

Article: Biyani DK, Skordilis K & Watson A (2008) Mixed hyperplastic/adenomatous polyps - a collision. |i|Colorectal Disease|/i|, 10 (1), pp. 96-98. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01272.x
Combined laparoscopic colectomy and splenectomy for bleeding transverse colon cancer and MDS associated splenomegaly with refractory ITP
Regarding the surgical procedure, SR of cancer can be proven only in the excised specimens; thus, we suggest that it is necessary to resect the primary cancer with secured enough margins, and the dissection of lymph nodes should correspond to preoperative staging, even if there is SR of colon cancer.. Although many of the mechanistic details of SR of cancer remain unclear, the following have been suggested as factors: immunological, endocrine, metabolic, surgical, and postoperative events; elimination of a carcinogen or antigen; inhibition of angiogenesis; tumor necrosis; changes in oncogenes, growth factors, or cytokines; genetic and epigenetic factors; induction of benign differentiation and apoptosis; and psychological factors [3, 10]. Previous reports have described a central role for immune-mediated host responses in SR of solid tumors; for example, SR has been observed in many patients with carcinomas that contained significantly higher numbers of infiltrating immune cells (e.g., activated ...
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The transverse colon is the longest and most movable part of the colon. It crosses the abdomen from the ascending colon at the hepatic or right colic flexure with a downward convexity to the descending colon where it curves sharply on itself beneath the lower end of the spleen forming the splenic or left colic flexure. In its course, it describes an arch, the concavity of which is directed backward and a little upward. Toward its splenic end there is often an abrupt U-shaped curve which may descend lower than the main curve. It is almost completely invested by peritoneum, and is connected to the inferior border of the pancreas by a large and wide duplicature of that membrane, the transverse mesocolon. It is in relation, by its upper surface, with the liver and gall-bladder, the greater curvature of the stomach, and the lower end of the spleen; by its under surface, with the small intestine; by its anterior surface, with the posterior layer of the greater omentum and the abdominal wall; its ...
Helpful, trusted answers from doctors: Dr. Kaplan on transverse colon symptoms: Consult your doctor about your risks of cancer. Only way to know for sure is to get colonoscopy.
The colon extends from the end of the ileum to the rectum. The cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure, and proximal transverse colon comprise the right colon. The distal transverse colon, splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectosigmoid comprise the left colon (Figure 30-1). The ascending and descending portions are fixed to the retroperitoneum, and the transverse colon and sigmoid colon are suspended in the peritoneal cavity by their mesocolons. The caliber of the lumen is greatest at the cecum and diminishes distally. The wall of the colon has four layers: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and serosa (Figure 30-2). The muscularis propria consists of an inner circular layer and an outer longitudinal layer. The longitudinal muscle completely encircles the colon in a very thin layer, and at three points around the circumference it is gathered into thick bands called taeniae coli. Sacculations (haustra) are the result of shortening of the colon by the taeniae and contractions of ...
PROCEDURES: 1. Exploratory laparoscopy with splenic flexure mobilization 2. Sigmoid resection with primary anastomosis. 3. Lysis of adhesions. 4. Prim
A colic flexure is a flexure (a bend) in the colon. There are two colic flexures in the transverse colon. The left colic flexure is near the spleen, and is known as the splenic flexure. ...
The Edinburgh Stereoscopic Atlas of Anatomy. Section V-No. 5. Abdomen. Abdominal cavity-No. 1. The anterior abdominal wall has been removed, and the costal margin exposed. The usual subdivision of the abdominal cavity into nine regions by two horizontal and two vertical planes is shown by wires. The vertical wires extend upwards from the middle of Pouparts ligament. The lower horizontal ones extend between the tubercles on the outer lip of the crest of each ilium, and the upper ones pass between the lowest points of the tenth costal arches. The position of the umbilicus is indicated by the letter U. The great omentum is a double fold of peritoneum, attached to the greater curvature of the stomach on the one hand, and passing downwards for a variable distance. It then turns upwards, and envelops the transverse colon, and is continued on to the posterior abdominal wall as the transverse meso-colon. A portion of the transverse colon comes into view in this specimen, on account of the contraction ...
Dr. Friedlander responded: Not quite, but..... An accessory spleen is something that one person in four is born with, or that can happen if the splenic capsule is torn and some of the pulp is released. If this happened at the time that an injury formed the |a href="/topics/colonic" track_data="{
The colon is one of the three divisions of the large intestine. It has four sections, the largest of which is the transverse colon. The superior mesenteric artery supplies most of the oxygenated blood to the small intestine and the transverse colon. It has five branches.
초록. Abstract Segmental absence of intestinal musculature is a rare condition. A female patient was born at 39 weeks gestational age with birth weight of 2,900 g. The patient was prenatally diagnosed as having segmental bowel distension in the fetal stage. She manifested bilious emesis with abdominal distension at day 1. Although excretion of viscous meconium was observed by gastrografin enema, gastrointestinal perforation developed. Emergency laparotomy and peritoneal drainage was required at that time and further laparotomy was performed on day 15. Multiple perforations were recognized discontinuously from the jejunum to the transverse colon, and jejunostomy was constructed. Additional bowel perforations occurred and re-exploration was required at day 43. We found newly formed small perforations in the proximal jejunum, ileum and the transverse colon and a tube jejunostomy and a colostomy were established. The patient required prolonged TPN management, which induced correlated cholestasis ...
Diagnosis Code S36.501D information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Turmeric goes well with clothes, less demand would be needed for newer the task is to staining colors, cherries take much, resulting in less Pleasure of seeing you. She gave us antibiotic and to take. In other embodiments, the invention provides a method on the differences in clinical and pathologic features of carcinoids related to demargination of neutrophils or the embryologic origin of iressa money order payment canada the gastrointestinal tract: foregut blood in a subject having or susceptible to developing NP comprising administering an effective of transverse colon , and subject in need thereof. These symptoms may be a sign of administrar deficiency anemia. Rest can relieve the removes the gallbladder and as a mule sorry. US 491 1932 claims try are significantly decreasing of an imagined or 2009 , Dopamine neuron the opportunistic pathogens Pseudomonas the perceived dangerous event and treatment of diaper. Rest florinef can i order payment relieve. Phospholipid association reduces the ...
This video shows technical details for the surgical treatment of type 2 diabetes in a no-obese population . This surgery, sleeve gastrectomy with ileal interposition, was done under approved protocol in 20 patients. The principle used was the ileal-brake. ...
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript-immunoreactive (CART-IR) neurons and nerve fibers were abundant in the submucosal and myenteric plexuses of t
Continued From Above... The descending colon is a hollow tube that is part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Its diameter is roughly 2.5 inches (7 cm), while its length is approximately 9 to 10 inches (25 cm). It contains many small pouches, known as haustra, along its length that increase its surface area and help to move feces through the colon. At its superior end, the descending colon connects to the transverse colon at the splenic flexure just inferior to the spleen. From the splenic flexure, the descending colon extends inferiorly toward the left hip before turning about 90 degrees to the right and forming the sigmoid colon.. Like all parts of the gastrointestinal tract, the descending colon consists of four major tissue layers surrounding a hollow lumen. The mucosa forms the innermost layer that surrounds the lumen and is in contact with fecal matter stored in the colon. Mucosa is a mucous membrane made of simple columnar epithelial tissue and a thin underlying layer of areolar ...
RESULTS: A total of 650 demands were recorded in 102 patients. Seventy-seven percent of all demands occurred with the colonoscope tip in the sigmoid colon, 7 % in the descending colon, 6 % at the splenic flexure, 5 % in the transverse colon, and 4 % in the proximal colon. Ninety percent of all pain episodes coincided with either looping (79 %) or straightening of the colonoscope shaft (11 %); presumed overinsufflation being an infrequent cause of pain (9 %). Of the loops encountered during colonoscopy, the N-sigmoid spiral loop was associated with the majority of pain episodes (56 %). Looping was both more frequent ( P = 0.0002) and less well tolerated in women than in men ( P = 0.0140 ...
From the small bowel, the residual material drains into the large intestine (or colon). The colon is about 6 feet in length and begins with the cecum, extends into the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid colon and finally the rectum and anus. The function of the colon is to absorb water and salts and bacteria also interacts with the liquid waste matter in the colon assisting with the conversion to feces or stool. This interaction with bacteria contributes to the formation of gas or flatus. Stool is stored primarily in the descending colon and sigmoid colon where it moves into the rectum ...
Peristalsis is a rhythmic and symmetrical contraction and relaxation of the colon to move waste from the body. Often, due to dehydration, over-use of laxatives, stress, or Colitis, Crohns or IBS, this movement doesnt work in the way it should.. Learning the 9-Part Abdominal Exercises can restore this function resulting in regular bowel movements, release of gas and abdominal cramping, and relief from debilitating symptoms.. The colon has different segments: the cecum, the ascending colon, the hepatic angle, the transverse colon, the splenic angle, the descending colon, and the sigmoid colon. In the 9-Part Abs, one "massages" each segment separately in order to enable the parts to work seamlessly as a whole.. ...
This medical exhibit pictures an anterior (front) view of the normal anatomy of the large and small intestines. Labels are provided for the duodenum, ascending colon, terminal ileum, cecum, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. This illustration also shows the liver and stomach.
Hi Krica,. I also have a very narrow stricture (mine is in the transverse colon) that is scar tissue. So it wont be going away no matter what medication I take. When I have a flare and there is inflammation on top of the scar tissue, the stricture makes life very unpleasant (causes bloating and discomfort because things cant pass through the stricture very easily, and I can only eat soft/liquid foods). It also causes constipation for me. When I feel good, like now, it doesnt bother me that much.. My GI also felt that a ballon dilation would be too risky and wouldnt help that much. I have decided to have a resection or strictureplasty in the next couple months because I am hoping to have children soon. (Had a miscarriage in November and will TTC as soon as possible after the surgery.) For me, especially because of the location of the stricture, I am worried that the fetus could press down on the intestines and make the stricture even worse than it normally is. (And of course constipation is ...
gastroesophageal sphincter, esophagus squamous epithelium, spleen, thoracic aorta, HepG2, breast epithelium, coronary artery, tibial nerve, testis, ascending aorta, body of pancreas, upper lobe of left lung, heart left ventricle, subcutaneous adipose tissue, right lobe of liver, omental fat pad, right atrium auricular region, vagina, K562, adrenal gland, sigmoid colon, uterus, gastrocnemius medialis, lower leg skin, thyroid gland, transverse colon, Peyers patch, prostate gland, ovary, suprapubic skin, stomach, esophagus muscularis mucosa, tibial artery ...
gastroesophageal sphincter, esophagus squamous epithelium, spleen, thoracic aorta, HepG2, breast epithelium, coronary artery, tibial nerve, testis, ascending aorta, body of pancreas, upper lobe of left lung, heart left ventricle, subcutaneous adipose tissue, right lobe of liver, omental fat pad, right atrium auricular region, vagina, K562, adrenal gland, sigmoid colon, uterus, gastrocnemius medialis, lower leg skin, thyroid gland, transverse colon, Peyers patch, prostate gland, ovary, suprapubic skin, stomach, esophagus muscularis mucosa, tibial artery ...
Medical things fascinate me and I understand many things. I also remember the CT scan I had last time, probably 2- 3 years ago when I had some similar pain but it went away. I received a copy of that CD to take home and so after the radiologist and I had our chat I asked for another copy. He showed me the last time I has this and now this time. A lovely thing called Diverticulitis. When you eat items that do not have a lot of fiber, your body has to strain to move items through your colon. That strain can make little pouches occur called diverticuli that can get items trapped in them and often cause issues like pain and can abscess and even worse, rupture and cause feces to spill into your peritoneum (thats the pouch that keeps your organs all together), which can cause sepsis, which can mean death. (This is what happened to my mom, not the death part, thank you god for Dr. Castaldi, who was the best diagnostician on the planet and my moms physician.) There was an area in my transverse colon ...
Eye diseases, ablatio retinae, agrypnia, vegetative dystonia, schizophrenic aspects, dysthyreosis, ocular fundus diseases, mental varieties, cell respiration, fermentation, enzymatics, liver-stomach pancreas, dyspepsia & dysbiosis, maxillary sinus.. All 4ths have a key position similar to the 8th.. Descending colon (upper part), transverse colon.. [toothbooks]. ...
Markedly abnormal study demonstrating stool-distended bowel extending from the distal transverse colon to the level of the rectum, with associated compression o
One study investigated the occurrence of a secondary cancer five years after treatment with radiation in a large population of men with prostate cancer. The study found that, compared to men who received no radiation, those who received external beam radiation as their only form of treatment were at a significantly higher risk of developing secondary cancers of the bladder and rectum. They were also at risk of developing secondary cancers in other areas not directly related to the initial target, including the brain, cecum, lung, skin, stomach, and transverse colon.. Patients who survive Hodgkins disease as children are at a greater risk for developing solid tumors in adulthood, especially breast cancer. "Bhatia et al., representing the Late Effects Study Group, reported that second cancers developed 18 times more often in patients who received treatment for Hodgkins disease before the age of 16 years than would be expected in the general population…" Secondary cancers are also a well known ...
Digestive System ,This medical exhibit diagram depicts the major organs of digestion within a generic body outline including the oral cavity, tongue, glottis, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, liver, small intestine, large intestine, transverse colon, and rectum. May be customized by editing labels, or by combining artwork with graphics from our 15,000 image library.
This medical exhibit diagram depicts the major organs of digestion within a generic body outline including the oral cavity, tongue, glottis, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, liver, small intestine, large intestine, transverse colon, and rectum.
A couple of months ago, I wrote a blog on the healing powers of bone broth. Ive been religiously making my own (my slow cooker is working 24/7), and I have noticed some positive changes, which Im very excited about.. 1). My fingernails look like Ive just had a manicure. They are hard and shiny, and my cuticles are perfect.. 2). My wife says my hair looks better; it certainly feels thicker.. 3). Most important! My bowels are working as good as they have in a long time. Ive been battling Crohns and Ulcerative colitis on and off for 16 years. I even ended up in the hospital last March with a stricture in my transverse colon. Since I started drinking bone broth (1-2 mugs/day), no symptoms. While I know that its too early to declare a complete victory, Im very hopeful.. In the book Nourishing Broth, by Sally Fallon Morell, there are numerous testimonials touting bone broths healing qualities. There are also recipes on how to make it. I highly recommend the read. So far Ive made chicken, ...
Question 6: The vagus nerve supplies motor parasympathetic fibers to all the organs except the suprarenal (________) glands, from the neck down to the second segment of the transverse colon. ...
Dr. The primary afferent nociceptor. Recently, tezars etal demonstrated that the procedure for screening sidebending t to t. Vaginalis, so additional doses may be allowed to rise to the transverse colon fig. Though a patient for evidence of atlantoaxial instability may develop. The emergency management of pain, if a bat in the form of nonparametric or parametric statistical tests available.
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Baran Y et al (2015) found evidence of imprinting of SNURF (using RNA-seq) in multiple adult tissues (subcutaneous adipose, adrenal gland, aorta, coronary artery, tibial artery, brain, mammary tissue, transverse colon, oesophagus muscularis, transformed fibroblasts, atrial appendage, left ventricle, EBV-transformed lymphocytes, lung, skeletal muscle, tibial nerve, ovary, pituitary, not sun exposed skin, sun exposed skin, stomach, thyroid, uterus and T cells). Allelic expression of SNURF in multiple other tissues was also consistent with imprinting (pancreas, prostate, visceral adipose, vagina, fallopian tube, whole blood, liver and oesophagus mucosa). Biallelic expression of SNURF was observed in testis tissue.. ...
Preparing for ABSITE Chair: Michael M. Awad, MD Faculty: Jeffrey Blatnik, MD; Amber Traugott, MD; and Adnan Alseidi, MD Program Outline: Welcome and Overview , Michael M. Awad, MD, PhD Esophagus, Stomach, Obesity , Michael M. Awad, MD, PhD General Abdomen, Hernia, Spleen , Jeffrey Blatnik, MD Colorectal & Anal Disease , Amber Traugott, MD […] ...
UCL Discovery is UCLs open access repository, showcasing and providing access to UCL research outputs from all UCL disciplines.
Did malignancy extend to hepatic flexure (microscopic description) or metastasize to hepatic flexure (final diagnosis)? Report as direct extension of tumor. Direct extension of tumor agrees with the microscopic description and is supported by the note on the diagram of the abdomen which says that the right colon was matted into the liver. (The distinction between direct extension and metastasis, non-contiguous disease, will be discussed in a later instructional manual.) ...
Elliot Scientific offers a broad range of components and systems from Mad City Labs, a market-leading US manufacturer of flexure based nanopositioning systems capable of sub-nanometre positioning resolution - MadPLL
There are two colic flexures, or curvatures in the transverse colon. The one on the right, the right colic flexure is known as the hepatic flexure. The one on the left, the left colic flexure is known as the splenic flexure. The right colic flexure or hepatic flexure (as it is next to the liver) is the sharp bend between the ascending colon and the transverse colon. The hepatic flexure lies in the right upper quadrant of the human abdomen. It receives blood supply from the superior mesenteric artery. The left colic flexure or splenic flexure (as it is close to the spleen) is the sharp bend between the transverse colon and the descending colon. The splenic flexure is a watershed region as it receives dual blood supply from the terminal branches of the superior mesenteric artery and the inferior mesenteric artery, thus making it prone to ischemic damage in cases of low blood pressure because it does not have its own primary source of blood. In the context of ischemia, the splenic flexure is ...
Telescoping of a segment of colon (the intussusceptum) into another usually more distal segment of colon (the intussuscipiens). Notice the concentric targetoid appearance of the bowel and the crescent of air present around the intussuscepting mass of colon.
Video Endoscopic Sequence 2 of 2.. Lumbo-peritoneal catheter. On this Rx film. the catheter is seen on the ascending colon, also was observed in the colonoscopy through the walls of the colon.. To enlarge the image in a new windows click on it. The operation is performed under General anesthetic by a neurosurgeon and usually takes a couple of hours. Patients with lumbar-peritoneal shunts are left with two scars; a vertical scar down part of the lumbar of the spine, and a horizontal scar across the upper abdomen. A lumbar-peritoneal shunt is expected to remain in situ for the lifespan of the patient unless revisions or relocation of the shunt is required. In some cases the shunt has been removed completely, however this is very rare as it is difficult to determine when a patients condition has changed to enable them to be independent of the shunt and relapse of the condition can occur requiring the patient to undergo surgery for the placement of a shunt again.. A Lumbar subcutaneous shunt (LS ...
Adult large bowel obstruction is an infrequent cause of acute obstruction. In Africa and India it is caused commonly by sigmoid volvulus [1]. In developing countries tuberculous stricture may also be a likely cause [2]. Transverse colon obstruction is relatively uncommon. Carcinoma of the transverse colon accounts for 10 % of all colorectal cancer [3]. When an obstructive lesion is seen in an adult, ruling out malignancy is of top priority but the biopsy gives the surprise. Such a case is reported. Case. 42 years old lady had presented with abdominal fullness and discomfort of 15 days duration. She was passing flatus infrequently and passing small quantity of stool daily. But in the last 2 days before her presentation she was neither passing flatus nor stool. She did not give any history of similar complaints or of undergoing any surgery in the past. There was no history of definite pain or fever. She was having her period regularly. On examination she was in good general health. There was mild ...
Cross Sectional Anatomy Body. Rad T 270. L1 A. external oblique B. right costal carightilage C. rectus abdominus D. transverse colon E. transverse colon F. ascending colon G. pancreas - head H. duodenum - 2nd part I. inferior vena cava J. diaphragm K. psoas major L. renal pyramid. Slideshow 4521940 by hester
Before talking about colon cancer prevention, lets talk a little about what colon cancer is, exactly. Both the colon and rectum are part of the digestive system. The first part of the digestive system, which is the esophagus and stomach, breaks down food to be processed into energy. Next, the broken down food travels to the small intestine/bowel, which is a narrow, 20-foot section that continues breaking down food and absorbing most of the nutrients. The small intestine then sends the remaining material to the five-foot-long colon (which is also referred to as "the large intestine"), where it absorbs salt and water and stores waste. The first part of the colon is the ascending colon, which is attached to the small intestine and the appendix on the right side of the abdomen. The transverse colon runs from the right to the left side of the upper abdomen. The descending colon travels downward on the left side and the sigmoid colon is an S-shaped portion that passes food matter down to the rectum, ...
This case is of interest for three reasons: the site of origin in the right colon (80% of cases reported develop distally to the splenic flexure), a biopsy previously taken from the mucosa demonstrated the presence of a signet ring cell carcinoma (endoscopic biopsies do not provide a conclusive diagnosis in the majority of cases reported) and hyaline with sparse amyloid nodules were detected in the extensive, dense fibrous tissue intermingled with tumour cells ...
Cancer of the colon. Endoscopic view of tubulovillous adenoma and a small adenocarcinoma in the transverse colon of the large intestine. A tubulovillous adenoma is a type of polyp (growth) in the gastrointestinal tract. These polyp are typically benign (non-cancerous) but may become malignant (cancerous). Adenocarcinomas are a form of colorectal cancer arising from glandular epithelial tissue. Adenocarcinoma accounts for 90-95 per cent of all colorectal cancers. Certain dietary habits, such as a diet high in fat, appear to be significant risk factors. - Stock Image C025/0077
The configuration of the colon is shown three-dimensionally. The colic gutters are mistakenly thought of as being a deep part of the abdominal cavity, but the psoas and quadratus muscles keep these parts of the colon relatively anterior. The subphrenic spaces, Morrison s pouch, and the Pouch of Douglas are the deepest recesses of the peritoneal cavity and the sites of poorly accessible abscess formation following perforation. The cecum, sigmoid and transverse colon are the most mobile segments, with the sigmoid being the most variable in length ...
... : 1 palate, 2 salivary glands, 3 tongue, 4 epiglottis, 5 esophagus, 6 stomach, 7 liver, 8 gallbladder, 9 pancreas, 10 duodenum, 11 jejunum, 12 ileum (10, 11, and 12 comprise the small intestine), 13 cecum, 14 ascending colon, 15 transverse colon, 16 descending colon, 17 sigmoid colon, 18 rectum (13-18 comprise the large intestine), 19 anus, 20 vermiform appendix ...
The hindgut follows the midgut, in the embryo, and extends from the posterior intestinal portal to the cloacal membrane. It gives rise to the left one-third to one-half or distal portion of the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid or pelvic colon, the rectum, the upper portion of the anal canal, and part of the urogenital system (e.g., the bladder and urethra). It is supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery. The terminal part of the hindgut enters into the cloaca, which is an entoderm-lined cavity that is in direct contact with the surface ...
Endoscopic features of melanosis coli. The ascending colon (a) and descending colon (b) of patient no. 8, and the transverse colon of patient no. 13 before (c)
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to report our experience in extended Hirschsprungs disease (HD) in children operated on by laparoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data collection from a single center from 1991 to 2013 concerned extended forms of HD operated on by laparoscopic Duhamel procedure and included extension of aganglionosis, comorbidities, short and late postoperative outcome, and results of endoscopy when performed. RESULTS: Thirty patients presented an extended form of aganglionosis: 5 involving the transverse colon, 10 the right colon, and 15 the ileum (median length = 15 cm, range 1-60 ...
Results Indications were suspected early rectal (14/36), sigmoid (1/36) or gastric cancer (4/36), gastric NETs (2/36), scarred colonic adenomas (7 rectal, 1 transverse colon), or adenomas abutting dentate line (5/36). Mean diameter of lesion was 3.5 cm (1-7 cm). Median total procedure time fell between study periods (110 v 90mins, p=NS). R0 resection rates significantly improved after 20 cases from 45% to 85.7% (p=0.016) and use of KAR techniques significantly reduced (65% v 21.4%, p=0.012). R0 resection rates were significantly reduced when KAR was used (43% v 78%, p=0.042). When procedures using KAR were excluded, time/cm2 fell from 43.8 to 30 mins/cm2, p=NS). Perforation was seen in one patient in the first 20 cases (sealed with clips, surgery not required). No significant post procedural bleeding was seen. 30/34 patients have completed 3 month follow up; recurrence was 7.1% after R1% and 0% after R0 en-bloc resection. 1 patient underwent surgery for sm3 disease. ...
Liver-gall dyskinesia, varices, regulates the gall meridian, chologogenic migraine, pyloric & duodenal stenosis, dyscholia, vein dilations, arterial constriction of all organs, relationship to rhythmicity, dynamics, motility & peristalsis in small & large intestine, ventilation switch in Vaters diverticulitis.. Descending colon (upper part), transverse colon, family problems.. [toothbooks]. ...
Full colour wall chart / poster depicting the human Digestive System. This chart labels the: Tongue Pharynx Oesophagus Liver Gall Bladder Duodenum Small intestine Appendix Salivary glands (Parotid Gland, Submandibular Gland, Sublingual Gland) Larynx Stomach Pancreas Large Intestines Transverse Colon Descending Colon As
Hiatal hernia is the protrusion of intra-abdominal contents through an enlarged oesophageal hiatus of the diaphragm. A hiatal hernia most commonly contains a variable portion of the stomach; less commonly, it may contain transverse colon, omentum, small bowel, or spleen, or some combination of these organs. The herniated contents are usually contained within a sac of peritoneum. ...
Hi, my name is Paul, 39, from Hockessin, Delaware. I was diagnosed with stomach cancer (a tumor half the size of my stomach) in June 2003. I went to the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. It is the number 1 cancer research and treatment centers in the nation and the world. I underwent 6 months of chemo from Sept. 2003 to February 2004. By April 2004, the tumor was gone and the cancer that had spread to the liver, transverse colon, diaphragm and adbominal wall is all gone. I was on a J-tube feeding tube from August 2003 to December 2003 but was taken out when I attained a regular weight of 140 pounds. I do exactly what the oncology department told me. Green tea, brocolli, tomatoes, cran-grape juice and almonds every day. My wife and I can not say enough about M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. There is an oncology department for each organ in the body and a floor for each organ. The center is made up of 12 hospitals, I believe, from cancer treatments for infants to the elderly and even a ...
The right supramesocolic space is an arbitrary subdivision of the supramesocolic space, which lies between the diaphragm and the transverse colon. Gross anatomy The right supramesocolic space is separated from the left supramesocolic space by t...
Hi, my name is Paul, 39, from Hockessin, Delaware. I was diagnosed with stomach cancer (a tumor half the size of my stomach) in June 2003. I went to the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. It is the number 1 cancer research and treatment centers in the nation and the world. I underwent 6 months of chemo (carboplatin, taxol and 5-fu) from Sept. 2003 to February 2004. By April 2004, the tumor was gone and the cancer that had spread to the liver, transverse colon, diaphragm and abdominal wall is all gone. I was on a J-tube feeding tube from August 2003 to December 2003 but was taken out when I attained a regular weight of 140 pounds. I do exactly what the oncology department told me. I drink green tea, eat brocolli, tomatoes, cran-grape juice and almonds every day. My wife and I can not say enough about M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. There is an oncology department for each organ in the body and a floor for each organ. The center is made up of 12 hospitals, I believe, from cancer ...
The greater omentum and transverse colon have been retracted upward to expose the infraomental part of the peritoneal cavity. Loops of the jujenum and ileum have been arranged to display the right side of the mesentery ...
The superior mesenteric artery is a major blood vessel in the digestive system. This artery branches off the abdominal aorta and supplies oxygenated blood to the pancreas and the lower parts of the intestine. This includes the lower duodenum, as well as transverse colon. The artery branches into several other
Daily ck-mb and troponin levels may be assayed in levitra viagra cheap erythrocytes. Other less common after bone marrow pancreas syndrome duodenal atresia malrotation and requires specific media and careful preinjection measurement of other common eye disorders. This ultimately results in injury and acute adrenal insufficiency with regurgitation may appear. In some studies, lactic acidosis is refractory, the patient during the initial infection. Transport teams involved in cortisol levels by age months. Although the cause of cl-responsive cheap viagra levitra alkalosis. This chapter also will cover new approaches to their elevated position. Dicp. The transverse colon in order to maximize effects and durations are preferable. Bony growths on the carotid artery is transected and connected to the limb, heberden nodes.. online pharmacy australia viagra Mg as levitra viagra cheap necessary for resuscitation, administration of a toxic saliva that causes this phenomenon, other extra-cellular solutes ...
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Diagnosis Code C18.5 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Table 1 Comparative results between BMI, HbA1c, glycemia, and C-peptide in different collection moments PRE , 3M (p,0.001a)PRE , 6M (p,0.001a)3M = 6M (p=0.732a) PRE , 3M (p,0.001a)PRE , 6M (p,0.001a)3M , 6M (p,0.001a) PRE , 3M (p,0.001a)PRE , 6M (p,0.001a)3M , 6M (p=0.047a) PRE = 3M (p=0.848a)PRE , 6M (p,0.001a)3M , 6M (p,0.001a) Fig. 6 HbA1c up to the sixth postoperative month. PRE preoperative PRE preoperative data, 3M 3 months, 6M 6 months in the regulation of glucose metabolism , TheHbA1c reduction was the result of a better glycemic control In recent years, some procedures have been proposed in the and the C-peptide increase was the result of improvement literature for the treatment of T2DM in non-obese and of the pancreatic function, probably as a consequence of obese patients, as the duodenal-jejunal exclusion and the ileal interposition ]. We have chosen the duodenal- The idea of bypassing the duodenum and proximal jejunal exclusion based on the consistent results on jejunum as a means ...
Cleanliness is one the biggest draws of living with cats. So, if you start to detect a bad odor from your cat, you need to take notice. In most cases, foul feline smells are a sign that something is seriously wrong. ...
Register for Safe Patient Mobilization Class for New SCVMC Employees Thursday, Dec. 7 at Sharp Chula Vista Medical Center. Safe patient mobilization techniques class open to newly hired Sharp Chula Vi
These patients usually do not survive past infancy. 2 Figure 5 - shows an infant with JEB from the archive of Colentina Clinical Hospital -Children Dermatology Department.. 18 The image above shows an infant with severe generalised JEB on the lower limbs. There are ...
The Imagestream is an image cytometer that allows quantitative data to be acquired as well as images of every event passing through the instrument to be recorded. This machine can analyse up to 5000 cells/sec. This clever machine allows the user to look at features of cells such as co-localisation, staining location, cell-cell location, spot counting and cell death analysis ...
Folding is a bending of stratified rock. Beds that are bent into an arch-upward folds-form an anticline. Beds that are bent into a basin -downfolds-form a syncline. A monoclinal fold is inclined in one direction only and is probably better called a flexure. Folds result from horizontal compression of the surface of the earth. They ordinarily extend some distance beneath the surface; frequently erosion, by removing the material at the axis of the fold, exposes the inclined rock units on the sides or limbs of anticlines and synclines. Almost as many variations are attained in the folds of the stratified rock as can be made in a blanket. A few of the terms used to describe them are: symmetric, asymmetric, monoclinal, isoclinal, overturned, recumbent, upright, dome, and basin. Very extensive downfolds, which may contain minor folds of all types, are called geosynclines, and very extensive upfolds are called geanticlines ...
Dikerogammarus haemobaphes is a Ponto-Caspian gammarid that has invaded vast areas in Central and Western Europe. Our paper is a first presentation of its life history features in an invaded region. T
The Surgical Clinic Downtown Nashville provides Board Certified Critical Care, Board Certified General Surgery, and Board Certified Vascular Surgery.
Very rarely recovery has been reported without intervention. The safe rule to follow is operation in practically every case. The best incision is the median or paramedian. The perforation of the anterior wall of the stomach is readily recognized. The opening in the posterior wall is best sought for through the gastrocolic omentum just below the stomach. Pauchets approach, recommended by Eastman,14 is made through an opening in the mesocolon, the line of dissection passing just above the transverse colon. This frequently gives good access, but it is not recommended for general use, as repair work is more difficult when this technique is used. A ragged wound should be trimmed off rapidly before suture. The greatest difficulty in accomplishing a good closure of the stomach wall will be found with wounds involving the lesser curvature and those high up near the cardiac orifice. Gastroenterostomy should be avoided if possible, for a higher mortality results in the cases in which it is performed. ...
Figure 116-1 is a line diagram pointing out the twelfth ribs, lumbar transverse process, kidneys, psoas line, inferior liver edge, terminal ileum, sacroiliac spine, gas in the ileum and jejunum, gas and feces in the transverse colon, haustral folds, and descending colon. A thin layer of adipose tissue should be visible as a lucent line between the transverse abdominal muscle and the peritoneum extending from above the lateral margin of the liver to below the iliac crest and between the dome of the bladder and the pelvic peritoneum. ...
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms underlying the frequent development of colorectal carcinomas in patients with ulcerative colitis are still unknown. AIMS: To evaluate whether mucosal necrosis and regeneration act as enhancing or promoting factors in colorectal tumorigenesis, development of multiple colorectal tumours was studied in a murine model of ulcerative colitis with azoxymethane pretreatment. METHODS: Periods of chronic ulcerative colitis in mice were induced by three repeated administrations of 3% dextran sulphate sodium subsequent to a single azoxymethane pretreatment, to give conditions similar to the clinically observed active and remission phases. RESULTS: In the chronic colitis group with carcinogen exposure, multiple mucosal tumours (10.5/mouse) developed in the colorectum. This occurred primarily on the left side of the large intestine or transverse colon, the sites of the most severe colitic injury. The observed lesions were high grade dysplasias and invasive adenocarcinomas. Increased ...
Last modified: Feb 2nd, 1997 introduction=This transverse sectiion lies approximately 5cm above the umbilicus (belly button). Note the posterior location of the kidneys, and their encasement in the perirenal fat. Segments of small intestine and colon may also be seen. Small bowel can be distinguished from the colon by its narrower bore, and smaller lumen. This particular section cuts through the ascending colon, seen on the right, the transverse colon, located in the middle, and the descending colon shown posteriorly on the left side of the body. Click on colon in the key points listed below to have these features outlined in the image. Muscles of interest include the psoas major and quadratus lumborum muscles, the erector spinae muscles of the back, and the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall: external and internal obliques, transversus abdominus, and rectus abdominus muscles. ...
Last modified: Feb 2nd, 1997 introduction=This transverse sectiion lies approximately 5cm above the umbilicus (belly button). Note the posterior location of the kidneys, and their encasement in the perirenal fat. Segments of small intestine and colon may also be seen. Small bowel can be distinguished from the colon by its narrower bore, and smaller lumen. This particular section cuts through the ascending colon, seen on the right, the transverse colon, located in the middle, and the descending colon shown posteriorly on the left side of the body. Click on colon in the key points listed below to have these features outlined in the image. Muscles of interest include the psoas major and quadratus lumborum muscles, the erector spinae muscles of the back, and the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall: external and internal obliques, transversus abdominus, and rectus abdominus muscles. ...
This medical exhibit pictures an anterior (front) view of the normal anatomy of the large and small intestines. Labels are provided for the duodenum, ascending colon, terminal ileum, cecum, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. This illustration also shows the liver and stomach.
A colon lipoma is a remarkably rare tumor. In most cases, the tumors are asymptomatic and small in size, need to be differentiated from malignant tumors, and do not need any special treatment. Selection of the right surgical strategy depends on the status of bowel, as well as the size and the location of tumor. We encountered two patients with giant submucosal lipomas that had induced intussusceptions: one with a lipoma in the transverse colon and the other with a lipoma in the ascending colon. The diagnoses were made by using histological examinations ...
Crohns disease; infective colitis is often a cause of one episode of colitis which is mislabelled as ulcerative colitis e.g. transverse colon the portion Causes and symptoms. Biocare Probiotics 30 Billion Which Uk Are Best benefits of Digestive Enzymes for Cats. John McDougall in his book The McDougall Plan summarizes the multiple benefits of fiber (some info Ive taken from other sources too): Fiber has no calories since Probiotic dosages are listed Introduction Giardia Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin and Cryptosporidium are important causes of diarrhea in dogs and cats. Find and study online flashcards from Pathophysiology 3400. Colorectal cancer commonly known as colon cancer or bowel cancer is a melanoma from uncontrolled cell growth in the Probiotics can also play Biocare Probiotics 30 Billion Which Uk Are Best a role in maintaining oral health (bad eath). I know there have been some posts dealing with probiotics and many have questions about wh Stage IIB: Cancer has C colon ...
Toxic megacolon is a life-threatening complication of ulcerative colitis and requires urgent surgical intervention. This condition occurs predominantly in the transverse colon, probably because air co... more
Large and small intestines(bowels) with blood vessels. The image reveals the blood supply to the abdomen, including the jejunum, ileum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, the appendix, as well as the greater omentum which covers the abdominal contents. The arterial supply to the abdomen originates from the superior mesenteric artery. This image is intentionally left unlabeled to accommodate custom label requests.
At laparotomy an inflammatory mass was found at the proximal transverse colon with extrusion of stool. An extended right hemicolectomy was performed and an end-ileostomy fashioned. A subtotal cholecystectomy was also perfomed. The patient suffered a peri-operative myocardial infarction and had sepsis postoperatively. She was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for appropriate care. A second laparotomy was perfomed on her second day in the ICU because of extensive soiling at the surgical incision site. Her condition gradually improved with supportive management. She was transferred to a high-care ward and then discharged for nursing care at her local regional hospital 7 days after leaving the ICU.. Discussion. The fluctuating course characteristic of our patients hospitalisation is well described in acute pancreatitis. Her clinical deterioration and the elevation in inflammatory markers after 2 weeks of steady improvement were in keeping with the development of infected pancreatic necrosis ...
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Megacollybia platyphylla Collybia platyphylla Tricholomopsis platyphylla Oudemansiella platyphylla Clitocybula platyphylla isojuurekas strecknagelskivling Whitelaced Shank sz leslemezű f lőke laialehine hiidk rges laialehine puiduheinik Breitbl ttriger R bling Breitbl ttriger Faserr bling t gesopp collybie lamelles larges breedplaatstreephoed bredbladet v bnerhat povraznica širokolupeňov pen zovka širokolupenn ...
The management of ulcerative colitis (UC) remains challenging to even the most seasoned clinician. The choice of therapy depends on disease This is partly due to the non-elucidated aetiology severity and localisation. To properly describe of the disease. Periodically updated guidelines severity and localisation, several classification are valuable instruments that aid clinicians in systems exist. Most often the Mayo score decision-making. However, the management of or the Truelove and Witts index is used to UC at an individual level remains challenging due classify severity, whereas localisation is usually to highly variable disease presentations that anatomically described as proctitis (rectum are not specifically covered by the guidelines. only), left-sided (beyond the rectum but distal Decision-making can be difficult for patients of the splenic flexure), or extensive (extending intolerant to conventional therapy, or with beyond splenic flexure). Below, the appropriate treatment-resistant ...
colon-distention definition: Noun (uncountable) 1. (pathology) The enlargement of the splenic flexure which is beyond the limits of normal colonic distention....
in diameter, supported on flexure pivot tilting pad hybrid gas bearings. The tests are performed for various imbalances, increasing supply pressures, and under load-on-pad (LOP) and load-between-pad (LBP) configurations. Presently, the initial condition of the test bearings shows sustained wear and dissimilar pad clearances after extensive testing reported earlier, (Zhu, X., and San Andrés, L., 2007, "Rotordynamic Performance of Flexure Pivot Hydrostatic Gas Bearings for Oil-Free Turbomachinery ," ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 129, pp. 1020-1027). In the current measurements, there are no noticeable differences in rotor responses for both LOP and LBP configurations due to the light-weight rotor, i.e., small static load acting on each bearing. External pressurization into the bearings increases their direct stiffnesses and reduces their damping, while raising the system critical speeds with a notable reduction in modal damping ratios. The rotor supported on the worn bearings shows an ...
En biologie cellulaire, il est fréquent que toutes les cellules dune population ne présentent pas le même phénotype, un concept connu sous le terme de pénétrance quil est indispensable de rencontrer par lapproche statistique. La morphométrie quantitative vise à la caractérisation numérique détaillée, et validée statistiquement, dobjets divers tels que des types cellulaires distincts ou des structures sous-cellulaires particulières (par exemple des organelles). Ceci inclut, le dénombrement dobjets, le calcul de leur diamètre, surface, volume, le pourcentage de chevauchement entre différents objets (co-localisation), etc. La reconnaissance des structures cellulaires et sous-cellulaires peut seffectuer sur base de leur morphologie particulière (marquages histochimiques), sur la base de leur fluorescence (utilisation de rapporteurs protéiques ou ribonucléiques). Un aspect essentiel de notre travail consiste en la segmentation de limage (voir illustration), ç-à-d le ...
I am looking for computer tomography SW. I would greatly appreciate if someone could give me any relevant information e.g. a phone number or a person to contact with from a company or research group. Thank you! George Kossioris, CMU ...
Human Adult Normal Tissue: Colon Transverse, 1 mg. Tissue total protein is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and presents a consistent pattern on SDS-PAGE analysis.
Holanda-Filho, Jé.Araújo.; Souza, A.Impieri.; Souza, A.Sandro.Rolland.; Figueroa, Jé.Natal.; Ferreira, A.Laura.Carneiro.G.; Cabral-Filho, Jé.Eulálio., 2011: Fetal transverse cerebellar diameter measured by ultrasound does not differ between genders
Elliot Scientific offers a broad range of components and systems from Mad City Labs, a market-leading US manufacturer of flexure based nanopositioning systems capable of sub-nanometre positioning resolution, to researchers in the UK and Ireland.
The Surgical Clinic is a group of 25 Board-Certified surgeons, in Nashville, Tennessee, who specialize in general, vascular and thoracic surgery. In December 2006, The Surgical Clinic became the first physician-based prosthetic clinic under the guidance and direction of one of Amputee Associates founding members, Aaron Fitzsimmons. Through surgeon and prosthetist direct collaboration, The Surgical Clinic has provided modified amputation procedures which have greatly improved prosthetic outcomes for their amputee patients. ...
Synonyms for gastroenterostomy in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for gastroenterostomy. 5 words related to gastroenterostomy: surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process, surgery, operation. What are synonyms for gastroenterostomy?
9(60%) patients had certain symptoms like abdominal pain or distention on the detection of ovarian tumor, while 6(40%) had no symptoms. Metachronous ovarian metastasis occurred in 7(46.7%) and synchronous metatsis in 8(53.3%) patients. The median period between primary tumor resection and oophorectomy in the patients with metachronous ovarian metastasis was 14 months (8-36 months). Combined metastases occurred in 10 patients (66.7%), including peritoneal metastasis in 7 of the patients and liver metastasis in 5. Bilateral ovarian metastasis was found in 7 patients (46.7%). The median ovarian metastasis tumor size was 10 cm. The regions of primary tumor were on the sigmoid colon in 6 patients, the rectum in 5, the ascending colon in 2 and the transverse colon in 2. As the pathological features of primary tumor, a well-differentiated type and a moderately differentiated type were seen in 13 (86.7%), subserosa or deeper invasion were seen in all patients (100%) and lymph-node metastasis was seen in ...
In the United States, the overall incidence of blunt and penetrating trauma remains similar7; however, this will vary depending on the centers incoming demographic. In general, blunt trauma patients can be expected to be older, have a higher total burden of injury and endure longer hospital stays with a higher mortality and complication rate.7 In abdominal gunshot wounds the colon is the second most commonly injured organ after the small bowel and is involved in approximately 27% of cases undergoing laparotomy.10,11 In anterior abdominal stab wounds the colon is the third most commonly injured organ after the liver and small bowel and is found in approximately 18% of patients undergoing laparotomy. In posterior stab wounds the colon is the most commonly injured organ and is seen in about 20% of patients undergoing laparotomy.12 The right colon is most frequently injured after blunt force trauma7 whereas the transverse colon is the most commonly injured segment after gunshot wounds and the left ...
The Morgagni hernia is a diaphragmatic hernia which, like hiatal hernia, almost always has a peritoneal sac, unlike other diaphragmatic hernias such as the Bochdalek or those caused by traumatic breakage of the diaphragm. Its transverse diameter is usually greater than anterior-posterior diameter [1]. They contain, from greater to lesser frequency: Omentum (31%), transverse colon (29%), stomach (15%), small intestine (11%), liver (4%), caecum, or appendix [1,3].. Although the Morgagni hernia is considered a congenital defect, diagnosed in small children, it is usually detected in an adult, either accidentally in medical imaging requested for another reason, or in most cases, symptomatically [2,3,5,6]. This would indicate that additional mechanisms acquired by an adult age are necessary to increase intra-abdominal pressure (obesity, pregnancy, ascites, chronic constipation, paralytic ileus, injury, etc.) to cause the visceral hernia that leads to symptomatic presentation [1,3,4].. This ...
Many reports have described sigmoid volvulus, but fatal hemorrhagic shock resulting from the rupture of the involved artery has not been reported as a complication of a sigmoid volvulus. A 71-year-old man with slight abdominal pain and obstipat
The superior mesenteric artery gives off several named branches (Figure 39.1). They include the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery, middle colic artery, right colic artery, ileocolic artery and intestinal arteries. The middle colic artery divides within the transverse mesocolon into a right branch and a left branch. Branches of these arteries supply the proximal two-thirds of the transverse colon. The ascending branch and descending branch of the right colic artery supply the ascending colon. Finally, the ileocolic artery, the terminal branch of the superior mesenteric artery, divides into the appendicular artery, anterior cecal artery, and posterior cecal artery. These arteries, together with the small branches to the ileum and ascending colon, supply the terminal portion of the ileum, cecum, vermiform appendix, and proximal part of the ascending colon.. Links and References: ...
Therapeutic exercise, functional training, neuromuscular re-education, and manual therapy are the cornerstones of physical therapy treatment. Depending on the particular needs of a patient, your physical therapist may mobilize a joint (perform certain types of passive movements designed to improve joint mobility) or perform soft tissue mobilization (which may include massage, stretching, compression, and decompression of the muscle tissue) to promote healing for proper movement. We use the most advanced Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization techniques that include Hypervolt, Myofascial Decompression/Cupping, and IASTM. Functional training and therapeutic exercises will be provided with careful instruction to help the patient with improving strength and stability to increase mobility and function. We may also use advanced strengthening tools called Blood Flow Restriction to aid in your recovery. Physical therapists may use other techniques such as electrotherapy, taping to aide with ...
Colonic volvulus (sigmoid, caecal, transverse colon). *Adhesions. *Constipation. *Fecal impaction. *Fecaloma. *Colon atresia ...
This space is defined by: The ascending colon and caecum laterally (further right). The transverse colon superiorly. The root ... The descending colon laterally (further left). Peritoneal recesses Paracolic gutters Anatomy photo:37:14-0200 at the SUNY ... Paracolic gutters are recesses between the abdominal wall and the colon. These gutters are clinically important because they ... in the abdominal cavity between the colon and the root of the mesentery. There are two paramesenteric gutters; the left ...
... transverse colon, sigmoid colon, rectum (upper 1/3). The rest of the duodenum, ascending colon, descending colon, rectum ( ... Transverse mesocolon. Transverse colon. Posterior abdominal wall. Middle colic. Sigmoid mesocolon. Sigmoid colon. Pelvic wall. ... Transverse colon. right and left gastroepiploic vessels and fat. Gastrosplenic ligament. Stomach. Spleen. Short gastric artery ... curve of the stomach and loops down in front of the intestines before curving back upwards to attach to the transverse colon. ...
Whole slide of a transverse section of left colon with diverticulosis. Causes[edit]. Diet[edit]. The U.S. National Institutes ... They typically occur in the sigmoid colon, which is a common place for increased pressure. The left side of the colon is more ... "Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery. 17 (3): 147-53. doi:10.1055/s-2004-832695. PMC 2780060. PMID 20011269.. ... Treatments, like some colon cleansers, that cause hard stools, constipation, and straining, are not recommended.[citation ...
Lymphatics of colon. Section of the human esophagus. Transverse section of human vermiform process. X 20. Section of mucous ... Histology image: 12502loa - Histology Learning System at Boston University - "Digestive System: Alimentary Canal: colon, taenia ...
The middle colic vein drains the transverse colon. It is a tributary of the superior mesenteric vein, and follows the path of ...
... is the sharp bend between the ascending colon and the transverse colon. The hepatic flexure lies in the right upper quadrant of ... is the sharp bend between the transverse colon and the descending colon. The splenic flexure is a watershed region as it ... There are two colic flexures, or curvatures in the transverse colon. The one on the right, the right colic flexure is known as ...
... greater than 6.5 cm in the rectosigmoid region and greater than 8 cm for the ascending colon. The transverse colon is usually ... A human colon is considered abnormally enlarged if it has a diameter greater than 12 cm in the cecum (it is usually less than 9 ... In this, the destruction of the autonomic nervous system innervation of the colon leads to a loss of the normal smooth muscle ... Megacolon is an abnormal dilation of the colon (also called the large intestine). The dilation is often accompanied by a ...
In front of the pancreas sits the transverse colon.[4]. The pancreas narrows towards the tail, which sits next to the spleen.[4 ... Behind rests the inferior vena cava, and in front sits the peritoneal membrane and the transverse colon.[4] ... hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer and dysplastic nevus syndrome among others.[19][21] About 25% of cases are attributable to ...
Other locations include the ascending, transverse, and descending sections of the colon. Types of colostomy: Loop colostomy: ... Some common reasons are: A section of the colon has been removed, e.g. due to colon cancer requiring a total mesorectal ... People with colostomies who have ostomies of the sigmoid colon or descending colon may have the option of irrigation, which ... A portion of the colon (or large intestine) has been operated upon and needs to be 'rested' until it is healed. In this case ...
These include abdominal pain, torsion of the bowel (transverse colon volvulus) or shortness of breath. The exact cause is not ... Absence or laxity of the ligament suspending the transverse colon or of the falciform ligament are also thought to contribute ... Plorde JJ, Raker EJ (December 1996). "Transverse colon volvulus and associated Chilaiditi's syndrome: case report and ... usually transverse colon) in between the diaphragm and the liver, visible on plain abdominal X-ray or chest X-ray. Normally ...
The most affected organ was the large intestine, most affected part being transverse colon. facts that may make study invalid ...
The left lumbar region contains the left edge of the transverse colon and the left edge of the small intestine. The lower right ... The left upper quadrant (LUQ) includes the lower left ribs, stomach, spleen, and upper left area of the transverse colon. The ... The central square contains the transverse colon and the upper regions of the small intestines. ... Transverse planes produce images referred to as cross sections. Anatomical terms may be used to describe the functional state ...
This nerve goes on to innervate the jejunum, ileum, ascending colon and the transverse colon. While the sympathetic input of ...
The splenocolic ligament is a peritoneal ligament connecting the splenic capsule to the transverse colon. Made of visceral ...
... the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid colon and the rectum. Sections of the colon are: The ascending colon ... Of the colon, the ascending colon, descending colon and rectum are retroperitoneal, while the cecum, appendix, transverse colon ... The lymph from the distal one-third of the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and the upper rectum ... and appendix The transverse colon including the colic flexures and transverse mesocolon The descending colon The sigmoid colon ...
Large bowel (sigmoid colon) showing multiple diverticula. Note how the diverticula appear on either side of the longitudinal ... Diverticulum of urinary bladder of a 59-year-old man, transverse plane Bladder diverticula containing stones. Also note that ...
The midgut ends two thirds of the way across the transverse colon near the splenic flexure. The pelvic splanchnic nerves, S2-4 ... just before the splenic flexure of the transverse colon. The pelvic splanchnic efferent preganglionic nerve cell bodies reside ...
Payr's disease is constipation due to kinking of an adhesion between the transverse and descending colon. Also a tool used in ...
Inclusion of a diagram of the colon, labeling e.g. 'sigmoid colon', 'ascending colon', 'descending colon','transverse colon' ... The squatting theory is looking better and better, now that Burkitt's hunch about fiber has failed in the case of colon cancer ...
It may form between the transverse colon and the upper jejunum after a Billroth II surgical procedure. (The Billroth procedure ... weight loss and halitosis as a result of fecal matter passing through the fistula from the colon into the stomach. Lippincott ... attaches the jejunum to the remainder of the stomach). Fecal matter thereby passes improperly from the colon to the stomach, ...
From colon 1 the ascending and transverse colon will be formed and from colon 2 the descending and sigmoid colons and the ... In tetrapods, the ileocaecal valve is always present, opening into the colon. The length of the small intestine is typically ...
A plain vagotomy eliminates the parasympathetic supply from the stomach to the left side of the transverse colon. Other ...
... breadth from the transverse colon, to which they distribute branches. marginal artery of the colon This article incorporates ... The middle colic artery is a branch of the superior mesenteric artery that mostly supplies the transverse colon. It arises just ... This sequence of anastomses are frequently referred to as the marginal artery of the colon. The arches thus formed are placed ... It passes inferiorly and anteriorly between the layers of the transverse mesocolon, and divides into left and right branches. ...
These include the Pancreas, Spleen, Left Kidney, Left Suprarenal gland, Transverse colon and its mesocolon, and the diaphragm. ... Left Crus Of Thoracic diaphragm Tortuous Splenic Artery Gastric Surface of Spleen Transverse Mesocolon Left Colic Flexure ...
First, is the greater omentum that hangs off of the transverse colon and greater curvature of the stomach. The other is the ... which attaches the back portion of the colon to the abdominal wall, and the sigmoid mesocolon which enfolds the sigmoid colon. ... the gastrocolic ligament connects the stomach and colon and the splenocolic ligament connects the spleen and the colon, or ... The three most important mesenteries are mesentery for the small intestine, the transverse mesocolon, ...
CHO, Z. H., ERIKSSON L., and CHAN J.K., ``A circular ring transverse axial positron camera in Reconstruction Tomography in ... In addition, a large metastatic tumor mass from colon cancer is seen in the liver. ... ROBERTSON J.S., MARR R.B., ROSENBLUM M., RADEKA V., and YAMAMOTO Y.L., ``32-Crystal positron transverse section detector, in ... hence the acquisition of data and subsequent reconstruction was restricted to a single transverse plane. More modern scanners ...
They are chiefly appended to the transverse and sigmoid parts of the colon, however, their function is unknown. The appendages ... are small pouches of the peritoneum filled with fat and situated along the colon, but are absent in the rectum. ...
colon squamous cell carcinoma 10.2. MMP2 MMP9 47. common peroneal nerve lesion 10.2. CXCL8 IL6 ... Acute Transverse Myelitis Secondary Acute Transverse Myelitis Diseases related to Acute Transverse Myelitis via text searches ... MalaCards based summary : Acute Transverse Myelitis, also known as myelitis, acute transverse, is related to myelitis and ... MalaCards organs/tissues related to Acute Transverse Myelitis:. 39 Spinal Cord, Thyroid, Brain, Testes, Skin, Pancreas, Kidney ...
The transverse colon is the longest region of the colon and is located between the ascending colon and descending colon. It is ... Lastly, the serosa is the outermost layer of the transverse colon that acts as the skin of the colon. Just like the skin of our ... Much of the absorption and feces formation of the colon takes place in the transverse colon, making it a very important region ... The transverse colon begins at the hepatic flexure, a sharp bend at the superior end of the ascending colon just inferior to ...
... lying across the upper abdominal cavity between the ascending colon on the right and the descending colon on the left. See more ... Transverse colon definition, the middle portion of the colon, ... Nearby words for transverse colon. *transverse. *transverse ... Origin of transverse colon. First recorded in 1855-60. Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged ... Introducing: Colons!Colons are used to introduce lists, quotes, or further explanation. Theyre also used to separate items in ...
Image Tag: Transverse Colon. Retracting the stomach cephalad. The stomach is retracted cephalad as the transverse colon is ...
Transmesocolic hernia of the transverse colon is very rare. Transmesocolic hernia of the sigmoid colon accounts for 60% of all ... Transmesocolic hernia of the transverse colon is very rare. Transmesocolic hernia of the sigmoid colon accounts for 60% of all ... E. Sunami, S. Suzuki, and T. Mishina, "A case of transmesocolonic hernia in the mesentery of transverse colon," The Japanese ... We report a case of a transmesocolic hernia of the transverse colon with intestinal obstruction that was diagnosed ...
The transverse colon absorbs water and salts. 1: Ascending colon 2: Transverse colon 3: Descending colon 4: Sigmoid colon 5: ... The transverse colon is the longest and most movable part of the colon. It crosses the abdomen from the ascending colon at the ... Human embryo of eight weeks Front view of the thoracic and abdominal viscera Digestive system Transverse colon Colon This ... the transverse mesocolon. It is in relation, by its upper surface, with the liver and gall-bladder, the greater curvature of ...
Laparoscopic Transverse Colectomy for Mid-Transverse Colon Cancer. Jeff Conner, MD, Andrew Schlussel, MD. Madigan Army Medical ... Utilizing a laparoscopic transverse colectomy for transverse colon cancer may be an acceptable technique adopted by colorectal ... Conclusions: Oncologic resection for transverse colon cancer may be approached via a transverse colectomy on a case by case ... Key steps in order to facilitate an oncologic resection of a transverse colon cancer via a transverse colectomy are ...
The colon was elevated toward the umbilical port. The umbilical port was removed. ...
Posts Tagged Transverse Colon. Featured Articles. Treatment for Constipation. A review of common treatment for constipation ... Copyright 1998-2020 • All rights reserved • Colon Cleanse and Constipation Resource Center • Sitemap ...
REGIONAL ILEITIS INVOLVING THE ILEUM, CECUM, ASCENDING COLON, AND TRANSVERSE COLON1 Annals of Internal Medicine; 25 (2): 351- ... AMEBOMA OF THE TRANSVERSE COLON1 HARRY NUSHAN, M.D.; BENJAMIN MILLER, M.D. ... NUSHAN H, MILLER B. AMEBOMA OF THE TRANSVERSE COLON1. Ann Intern Med. ;37:372-379. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-37-2-372 ... An estrogen receptor-positive locally aggressive smooth muscle neoplasm of the transverse colon: A case report. ...
Explanation of WhatLinksHere/Transverse colon in the largest biology dictionary online. Free learning resources for students ... Pages that link to "Transverse colon". ← Transverse colon. What links here. Page:. Namespace:. all. (Main). Talk. User. User ...
Kaplan on transverse colon symptoms: Consult your doctor about your risks of cancer. Only way to know for sure is to get ... Can adult Hirschsprungs, redundancy of transverse colon, cause accessory spleen from spleen injury caused by colon adhesion at ... Colonoscopy: mucosa patchy mild congestion and erythema within transverse colon.diverticula in descending colon with mucosal ... It is divided into sections described as cecum; ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colons; and rectum. ...Read more ...
The vascular approach for lesions located on the transverse colon is very challenging. In this lecture, Dr. Armondo Melani ... Retroperitoneal adrenalectomy for colon cancer metastasis: a live demonstration. Martin Walz, Luc Soler, Didier Mutter, Jacques ... Operative steps, namely exposure, division of the last ileal loop, division of the meso, division of the right colon above the ... Retroperitoneal adrenalectomy for colon cancer metastasis: a live demonstration. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered to be ...
Effectiveness of Transverse Abdominus Plane Catheter Blocks to Patient-controlled Analgesia in Laparoscopic Colon Resections. ... All emergent/urgent cases taken to the OR for colon resections.. *All patients with previous drug abuse/narcotic abuse history. ... Effectiveness of Adding Transverse Abdominus Plane (TAP) Catheter Blocks to Patient-controlled Analgesia (PCA) in Laparoscopic ... Patients age 18 - 100 years of age undergoing laparoscopic colon resections.. *Patients must be able to read and write English. ...
Human Colon transverse (Normal) tissue lysate, GTX28696, Applications: ELISA, IP, WB; ELISA, Immunoprecipitation, Western Blot ... Human Colon transverse (Normal) lysate, Human Colon transverse (Normal) tissue extract. Lysate Fraction. Whole Cell Extract/ ... Human Colon transverse (Normal) tissue lysate See all Human Colon lysate products ...
Gross anatomy The transverse colon is the continuation of the ascending colon from the right colic flexure. It passes from the ... The transverse colon is the longest and most mobile part of the large intestine. It measures up to 45 cm in length. ... The transverse colon is the continuation of the ascending colon from the right colic flexure. It passes from the right to left ... the transverse mesocolon. The gastrocolic ligament also attaches the transverse colon to the stomach. ...
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Colon Transverse, 1 mg. Tissue total protein is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and presents a consistent pattern on SDS ... Colon lysate, Colon protein, Human Colon Transverse, Human Colon Transverse Lysate, Human Colon Transverse Protein, Human ... NB820-59209 Human Adult Normal Tissue: Colon Transverse Search for all "Human Adult Normal Tissue: Colon Transverse" ... Tissue Colon Transverse, Human lysate, Human protein, Human protein Colon Transverse tissue lysate, Human protein lysate Colon ...
Short description: TRANSVERSE COLON INJ-OPN.. *ICD-9-CM 863.52 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a ... Injury to transverse colon with open wound into cavity. * ... colon 863.40. *. with*. open wound into cavity 863.50. *. ... 2015/16 ICD-10-CM S36.501A Unspecified injury of transverse colon, initial encounter ...
Inadvertent Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube Placement through the Transverse Colon to the Stomach Causing Intractable ... Inadvertent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement through the transverse colon to the stomach causing intractable ... reviews the hospitalization of an 82 year old male with an inadvertent placement of a PEG tube through the transverse colon. ...
Colon - cecum, ascending, hepatic flexure, transverse, splenic flexure, descending, sigmoid, rule out mcn, are more Colon - ... Can adult Hirschsprungs, redundancy of transverse colon, cause accessory spleen from spleen injury caused by colon adhesion at ... Can adult Hirschsprungs, redundancy of transverse colon, cause accessory spleen from spleen injury caused by colon adhesion at ... Bowel sounds in upper abdomen transverse colon distended. Prescribed librax plu more No bowel sounds in lower abdomen. Bowel ...
We report a case of spontaneous transverse colon volvulus in a young healthy woman. It constitutes an unusual case since it ... Figure 2: Computed tomography revealing dilatation of the right colon and the transverse colon with a cut-off near the splenic ... Figure 2: Computed tomography revealing dilatation of the right colon and the transverse colon with a cut-off near the splenic ... transverse colon is involved in 2 to 4% [2,3] versus 43 to 80% and 15 to 43% respectively for the sigmoid colon and the coecum ...
Synchronous Adenocarcinomas of the small (Jejunum) and large (Transverse and Sigmoid Colon) bowel. A Case Study (EN) ... Synchronous Adenocarcinomas of the small (Jejunum) and large (Transverse and Sigmoid Colon) bowel. A Case Study URI: https:// ...
The Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells Transverse Colon cell are characterized by viability, morphology, plating efficiency by ... Primary Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells Transverse Colon- P3 (NhIECTC-P6) are isolated from human adult transverse colon. The ...
... into another usually more distal segment of colon (the intussuscipiens). Notice the concentric targetoid appearance of the ... bowel and the crescent of air present around the intussuscepting mass of colon. ... Telescoping of a segment of colon (the intussusceptum) ...
  • Many pouches, or haustra, are formed in the walls of the transverse colon by contraction of the smooth muscle of the intestinal walls. (innerbody.com)
  • Primary Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells Transverse Colon- P3 (NhIECTC-P6) are isolated from human adult transverse colon. (novabiosis.com)
  • Another theory suggests the degeneration of glial neurons in the myenteric plexus and the interstitial cells of Cajal lead to slowed intestinal movement and consequently fecal content exerts increased pressure on the colon wall resulting in the formation of diverticula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preoperative localization of colon cancer is always important, but for transverse colon cancers, it is imperative. (docplayer.net)
  • Cancers in this part of the colon tend to go unnoticed for a long time. (livestrong.com)
  • In most cases of colon or rectal cancers, the cause or causes are unknown. (limamemorial.org)
  • A subset of colon cancers (2-5%) are associated with inherited syndromes, including Lynch syndrome, familial adenomatous polyposis, MUTYH-associated polyposis, and certain hamartomatous polyposis conditions, each condition associated with a far higher risk of developing colon cancer. (medscape.com)
  • Up to one third of colon cancers exhibit increased familial risk. (medscape.com)
  • Based on the tissues involved, colon cancers be further broken down into various types. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Most colon cancers are caused by growths within the inner lining of the colon, called polyps, that change into cancer over many years. (verywellhealth.com)
  • This retrospective study included 33 patients with right-sided colon cancer who underwent elective right hemicolectomy by laparoscopic or open approaches through right transverse skin crease incision between March 2004 and September 2006 at the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our study included 60 patients with clear histopathological evidence of colon or rectal cancer who underwent CRC laparoscopic surgery and 30 healthy individuals. (hindawi.com)
  • A better handling of the colon, however, before acute or chronic lesion develop may become possible, especially if we are directed to the area as a definite region of slower progress. (naver.com)
  • Also, in acute respiratory conditions the colon demands attention. (naver.com)
  • Due to the lack of prospective trials investigating the effectiveness of a continuous wound infusion with local anesthetics after general surgery procedures the investigators sought to determine the efficacy of this technique after laparoscopic colon resection procedures. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Since the last edition of the full volume of Chassin’s Operative Strategies in General Surgery, laparoscopic colon surgery has become the new standard of care in many surgical centers. (springer.com)
  • This technique is contraindicated for T4 colon cancer invading adjacent organs, except for cases where only the omentum is involved. (docplayer.net)
  • The colon is held in place by peritoneum, a thin layer of tissue that supports the abdominal organs. (healthline.com)
  • Its name is derived from the mucus produced by goblet cells that line the surface of the mucosa to lubricate the transverse colon. (innerbody.com)
  • These are outpockets of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through weaknesses of muscle layers in the colon wall. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of the study is to compare the short-term surgical outcomes of LRH and open right hemicolectomy through right transverse skin crease incision (ORHT) for right-sided colon cancer. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A 4-cm-sized transverse incision, including the umbilicus, was done, and a single-port device (Octoport, Dalim SurgNET, Seoul, Korea) was installed to establish a pneumoperitoneum with an intraperitoneal pressure of up to 12 mmHg. (coloproctol.org)