Colon, Sigmoid: A segment of the COLON between the RECTUM and the descending colon.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Sigmoid Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the SIGMOID COLON.Sigmoid Diseases: Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Colectomy: Excision of a portion of the colon or of the whole colon. (Dorland, 28th ed)Colonic Diseases: Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).Anastomotic Leak: Breakdown of the connection and subsequent leakage of effluent (fluids, secretions, air) from a SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the digestive, respiratory, genitourinary, and cardiovascular systems. Most common leakages are from the breakdown of suture lines in gastrointestinal or bowel anastomosis.Intestine, Large: A segment of the LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the CECUM; the COLON; and the RECTUM.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Intestinal Volvulus: A twisting in the intestine (INTESTINES) that can cause INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.Diverticulitis, Colonic: Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Surgical Stapling: A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Sarcoidosis: An idiopathic systemic inflammatory granulomatous disorder comprised of epithelioid and multinucleated giant cells with little necrosis. It usually invades the lungs with fibrosis and may also involve lymph nodes, skin, liver, spleen, eyes, phalangeal bones, and parotid glands.Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Shock, Hemorrhagic: Acute hemorrhage or excessive fluid loss resulting in HYPOVOLEMIA.Onchocerca volvulus: A species of parasitic nematodes widely distributed throughout central Africa and also found in northern South America, southern Mexico, and Guatemala. Its intermediate host and vector is the blackfly or buffalo gnat.Autopsy: Postmortem examination of the body.Hemoperitoneum: Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.Diverticulum, Colon: A pouch or sac opening from the COLON.Diverticulitis: Inflammation of a DIVERTICULUM or diverticula.Diverticulum: A pouch or sac developed from a tubular or saccular organ, such as the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Intestinal Obstruction: Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.Constipation: Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Abscess: Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Hepatitis, Infectious Canine: A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.Ganglioneuroblastoma: A moderately malignant neoplasm composed of primitive neuroectodermal cells dispersed in myxomatous or fibrous stroma intermixed with mature ganglion cells. It may undergo transformation into a neuroblastoma. It arises from the sympathetic trunk or less frequently from the adrenal medulla, cerebral cortex, and other locations. Cervical ganglioneuroblastomas may be associated with HORNER SYNDROME and the tumor may occasionally secrete vasoactive intestinal peptide, resulting in chronic diarrhea.Neoplasm Metastasis: The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.Colonoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Conscious Sedation: A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Colostomy: The surgical construction of an opening between the colon and the surface of the body.Hysterectomy: Excision of the uterus.Auditory Brain Stem Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (AUDITORY BRAIN STEM IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than to the inner ear as in COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION.Hirschsprung Disease: Congenital MEGACOLON resulting from the absence of ganglion cells (aganglionosis) in a distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE. The aganglionic segment is permanently contracted thus causing dilatation proximal to it. In most cases, the aganglionic segment is within the RECTUM and SIGMOID COLON.Anal Canal: The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.Calcium Channels, L-Type: Long-lasting voltage-gated CALCIUM CHANNELS found in both excitable and nonexcitable tissue. They are responsible for normal myocardial and vascular smooth muscle contractility. Five subunits (alpha-1, alpha-2, beta, gamma, and delta) make up the L-type channel. The alpha-1 subunit is the binding site for calcium-based antagonists. Dihydropyridine-based calcium antagonists are used as markers for these binding sites.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)

Laparoscopic-assisted colectomy: a comparison of dissection techniques. (1/261)

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mobilization of the colon and dissection of the mesentery are difficult laparoscopic techniques. Traditional methods have been used for this dissection, but often with great difficulty. The ultrasonically activated shears, when introduced in 1993, had the possibility to make this dissection less technically difficult. This is a retrospective review of the use of these shears for these techniques during laparoscopic-assisted colectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients underwent a laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy or sigmoid resection. Colon mobilization and mesenteric dissection were completed intracorporeally. Complications, operative time, estimated blood loss, and length of stay were compared for resections completed with and without the ultrasonically activated shears. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients had laparoscopic-assisted colectomy without the shears, and 49 patients had the procedure with the shears. There were no complications due to the ultrasonic energy. Use of the shears resulted in shorter operative times (170 min. vs. 187 min., p=0.1989), similar median blood loss (98 mL vs. 95 mL, p=0.7620), and shorter lengths of stay (4.3 days vs. 6.9 days, p=0.0018). CONCLUSIONS: The ultrasonically activated shears are safe and effective for colon mobilization and mesenteric division. The use of the shears may result in shorter operative times and shorter lengths of stay.  (+info)

A bile acid-induced apoptosis assay for colon cancer risk and associated quality control studies. (2/261)

Bile acids are important in the etiology of colorectal cancer. Bile acids induce apoptosis in colonic goblet cells at concentrations comparable to those found in fecal water after high-fat meals. Preliminary evidence indicated that cells of the normal-appearing (nontumorous) portion of the colon epithelium of colon cancer patients are more resistant to bile salt-induced apoptosis than are cells from normal individuals. In the present study, 68 patients were examined, and biopsies were taken at 20 cm from the anal verge, cecum, and descending colon. The patients included 17 individuals with a history of colorectal cancer, 37 individuals with adenomas, and 14 individuals who were neoplasia free. The mean bile salt-induced apoptotic index among normal individuals was 57.6 +/- 3.47 (SE), which differed significantly (P < 0.05) from the mean value of 36.41 +/- 3.12 in individuals with a history of colon cancer. The correlation between independent observers was 0.89 (P < 0.001), indicating good interobserver reliability. Components of variance comparing interindividual versus intraindividual sources of variation suggested that site-to-site variability, both between regions of the colon and for adjacent biopsies, was larger than the interpatient variability for individuals with a history of neoplasia. Therefore, there was "patchiness" of the susceptibility of regions of the colon to bile acid-induced apoptosis in individuals with a history of neoplasia (a patchy field effect). There was no obvious correlation of low-apoptotic index regions with regions in which previous neoplasias had been found and removed. On the other hand, for normal, i.e., neoplasia-free, individuals, there was relatively less intraindividual variation compared to interindividual variation. Our assay shows an association between resistance to bile acid-induced apoptosis, measured at 20 cm from the anal verge, and colon cancer risk. Thus, this assay may prove useful as a biomarker of colon cancer risk.  (+info)

Johanson-Blizzard syndrome: a prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis. (3/261)

Johanson-Blizzard syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by aplasia of alae nasi, pancreatic insufficiency, aplasia cutis, anorectal anomalies and postnatal growth restriction. In this case report, we describe the prenatal sonographic findings of Johanson-Blizzard syndrome in a 21-week pregnancy of a consanguineous couple. Sonographic findings of aplastic alae nasi (beak-like nose) and dilated sigmoid colon led to the prenatal diagnosis. This is the first report of the prenatal sonographic diagnosis of Johanson-Blizzard syndrome.  (+info)

Colonic carcinoma after ureterosigmoidostomy. (4/261)

Urinary carcinogens promote late malignant transformation of the colon after a ureterosigmoidostomy. An unusual case is presented where, despite the early removal of the latter and hence cessation of urine flow, a colonic carcinoma developed at the site of previous anastomosis. The importance of surveillance of all patients who have undergone this procedure to avoid an iatrogenic cancer is emphasised.  (+info)

pHi monitoring of the sigmoid colon after aortoiliac surgery. A five-year prospective study. (5/261)

OBJECTIVES: to determine whether sigmoid-pHi diagnose colon ischaemia after aortoiliac surgery? DESIGN: single-centre, non-randomised, prospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: of 83 patients operated on between 1994 and 1998, 41 with risk factors for the development of colon ischaemia were monitored peri- and/or postoperatively with sigmoid-pHi. Peri-operative mortality was 26% (8/31) after operation for a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), nil after operation for non-ruptured AAA. Thirty-five postoperative colonoscopies were performed. All non-survivors were examined post-mortem. RESULTS: of six patients developing colon ischaemia after emergency operations (five for ruptured AAA) all had pHi-values <7.1 for 16-80 h. In two patients with transmural gangrene, and who had pHi-values below 6.6, pHi-monitoring permitted early diagnosis, colectomy and recovery. Three patients with mucosal gangrene were treated conservatively and recovered. Nine patients without ischaemic lesions had pHi-values <7.1, during 1-5 h, without adverse outcome. Bilateral ligation of the internal iliac arteries increased the risk of colon ischaemia (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: pHi-monitoring was diagnostic for colon ischaemia. Mucosal and transmural gangrene were distinguished. The importance of the internal iliac circulation was demonstrated. The low mortality rate, and the fact that no patient died from bowel ischaemia, suggests that sigmoid pHi-monitoring may improve survival after ruptured AAA.  (+info)

V gamma 2 TCR repertoire overlap in different anatomical compartments of healthy, unrelated rhesus macaques. (6/261)

Gammadelta T cells show preferential homing that is characterized by biased TCR repertoire at different anatomical locations. The processes that regulate this compartmentalization are largely unknown. A model that allows repeated multiple sample procurement under different conditions and enables with relatively straightforward extrapolation to a human situation will facilitate our understanding. The peripheral blood Vgamma2 T cell population is the best-characterized human gammadelta T cell subset. To determine its diversity at multiple immunocompartments matching blood, colon, and vagina samples from rhesus macaques were investigated. Four joining segments used in Vgamma2-Jgamma transcripts were identified, including one segment with no human counterpart. Like in humans, the rhesus peripheral blood Vgamma2 TCR repertoire was limited and contained common sequences that were shared by genetically heterogeneous animals. Furthermore, this subset comprised several phylogenetically conserved Vgamma2 complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) motifs between rhesus and humans. Common sequences were also found within the colon and vagina of the same animal, and within the peripheral blood and intestine of different unrelated animals. These results validate rhesus macaques as a useful model for gammadelta TCR repertoire and homing studies. Moreover, they provide evidence that the concept of limited but overlapping Vgamma TCR repertoire between unrelated individuals can be extended including the mucosa of the digestive and reproductive tract.  (+info)

Statistical analysis of diverticulosis of the colon. (7/261)

Forty-four cases of diverticulosis of the colon were detected among 2,662 cases examined by barium enema in Tohoku University. This corresponds to 1.7% in frequency. On the other hand, 21 cases were found among 1,511 cases examined in Hirosaki University, giving 1.4% in frequency. It was more frequent in the male. The frequency, as calculated on the basis of the numbers of cases examined by barium enema in separate age groups, showed the gradual increase with age except for above the eighth decade. The location where the diverticulum was most frequently seen was the right colon; namely, cases in which the diverticulum occurred from the cecum to the ascending colon and those in which it was found only in the ascending colon occupied 61.4 and 71.4% of the total cases, respectively. Diverticulitis as a complication was rare, while coincidence of polyp or carcinoma was sometimes observed. Furthermore, the value of fiberscopy for the diagnosis of diverticulosis of the colon was discussed, and its usefulness for the detection of complication was emphasized.  (+info)

Characterization and autoradiographic localization of neurotensin binding sites in human sigmoid colon. (8/261)

Radioiodinated neurotensin ((125)I-NT) was used to characterize and localize NT binding sites in normal human sigmoid colon. Specimens were obtained from patients (30-77 years old) undergoing resection for colon carcinoma. Specific binding of (125)I-NT to sigmoid circular muscle membranes was enhanced by o-phenanthroline (1 mM) but other peptidase inhibitors were ineffective. (125)I-NT bound to a high-affinity site of K(d) = 0.88 +/- 0.09 nM and B(max) = 4.03 +/- 0.66 fmol/mg of wet weight tissue (n = 14), although in the majority of patients another site, of low but variable affinity, could also be detected. Specific binding of 50 pM (125)I-NT was inhibited by NT(8-13) > NT > SR142948A > or = neuromedin N > or = SR48692, consistent with binding to the NT1 receptor. In autoradiographic studies, dense specific binding of (125)I-NT was seen over myenteric and submucosal ganglia, moderate binding over circular muscle, and sparse binding over longitudinal muscle and taenia coli. Levocabastine, which has affinity for the NT2 receptor, did not inhibit specific binding of (125)I-NT in membrane competition or autoradiographic studies. NT contracted sigmoid colon circular muscle strips with a pD(2) value of 6.8 +/- 0.2 nM (n = 25). The contractile responses to NT were significantly potentiated in the presence of tetrodotoxin (1 microM), indicating a neural component. Results from functional studies support actions for NT on both muscle and enteric neurons, consistent with the presence of NT receptors on circular muscle and ganglia of human sigmoid colon. The lack of inhibition by levocabastine suggests that the second binding site detected does not correspond to the NT2 receptor.  (+info)

*Diverticulosis

They typically occur in the sigmoid colon, which is a common place for increased pressure. The left side of the colon is more ... Stefánsson T, Ekbom A, Sparèn P, Påhlman L (Aug 2004). "Association between sigmoid diverticulitis and left-sided colon cancer ... "Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery. 17 (3): 147-53. doi:10.1055/s-2004-832695. PMC 2780060. PMID 20011269.. ... Treatments, like some colon cleansers, that cause hard stools, constipation, and straining, are not recommended.[citation ...

*Bowel obstruction

Colonic volvulus (sigmoid, caecal, transverse colon). *Adhesions. *Constipation. *Fecal impaction. *Fecaloma. *Colon atresia ...

*Polyp (medicine)

Polyp of sigmoid colon as revealed by colonoscopy. Approximately 1 cm in diameter. The polyp was removed by snare cautery. ... Colon polyps are a concern because of the potential for colon cancer being present microscopically and the risk of benign colon ... they may occur everywhere in the colon and they are the least likely colon polyps to develop into colon cancer ... "Colon Polyps (cont.)". Retrieved 2010-06-25.. *^ Winawer, S.; Fletcher, R.; Rex, D.; Bond, J.; Burt, R.; Ferrucci, J.; Ganiats ...

*Hypomagnesemia

The rectum and sigmoid colon can absorb magnesium. Forty percent of dietary magnesium is absorbed. Hypomagnesemia stimulates ...

*Peritoneum

Transverse colon. Posterior abdominal wall. Middle colic. Sigmoid mesocolon. Sigmoid colon. Pelvic wall. Sigmoid arteries and ... sigmoid colon, rectum (upper 1/3). The rest of the duodenum, ascending colon, descending colon, rectum (middle 1/3). Rectum ( ... Transverse colon. right and left gastroepiploic vessels and fat. Gastrosplenic ligament. Stomach. Spleen. Short gastric artery ... Stomach,half of the First part of the duodenum [2.2 cm], jejunum, ileum, cecum, appendix, transverse colon, ...

*Diverticulum

Large bowel (sigmoid colon) showing multiple diverticula. Note how the diverticula appear on either side of the longitudinal ...

*Presacral space

It is usually covered by sigmoid colon. The presacral space may contain one of several kinds of tumor. The most common tumor ...

*चित्र:Digestive system diagram en.svg - विकिपीडिया

Add colon transparency. 06:36, 23 मार्च 2016. 599 × 831 (298 KB). Jmarchn. Arranged Treitz angle transparency. ...

*Polyp (medicine)

Polyp of sigmoid colon as revealed by colonoscopy. Approximately 1 cm in diameter. The polyp was removed by snare cautery. ... they may occur everywhere in the colon and they are the least likely colon polyps to develop into colon cancer ... They are a concern because of the potential for colon cancer being present microscopically, and the risk of benign colon polyps ... "Colon Polyps (cont.)". Retrieved 2010-06-25.. *^ Winawer, S.; Fletcher, R.; Rex, D.; Bond, J.; Burt, R.; Ferrucci, J.; Ganiats ...

*Volvulus

... also cecal volvulus sigmoid colon volvulus (sigmoid volvulus) volvulus of the transverse colon volvulus of the splenic flexure ... Volvulus of the cecum, transverse colon, or sigmoid colon occurs, usually in adults, with only minor predisposing factors such ... January 2004). "Our sigmoid colon volvulus experience and benefits of colonoscope in detortion process". Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 96 ... The most commonly affected part of the intestines in adults is the sigmoid colon with the cecum being second most affected. In ...

*Defecography

Sigmoidocele is a prolapse of peritoneum that contains a section of sigmoid colon. In females, these prolapses usually descend ... The ASCRS textbook of colon and rectal surgery. New York: Springer. pp. 47-52. ISBN 0-387-24846-3. ASCRS: Pelvic Floor ...

*Butt plug

Unlike the vagina, which is closed off by the cervix, the rectum leads to the sigmoid colon. Objects that are inserted into the ... Some plugs are designed (long, flexible and curved) to penetrate the sigmoid colon. Butt plugs are made of a variety of ... potentially obstructing the colon; to prevent this from occurring, it is recommended that individuals use sex toys with a ...

*Rectal foreign body

P. R. Tarnasky u. a.: Colonoscopic diagnosis and treatment of chronic chicken bone perforation of the sigmoid colon. In: ... In: Dis Colon Rectum. 47, 2004, S. 1694-1698. PMID 15540301 W. C. Huang, J. K. Jiang, H. S. Wang, S. H. Yang, W. S. Chen, T. C ... In: Dis Colon Rectum 39, 1996, S. 935-937. PMID 8756851 H. Bailey and J. Love: A short textbook of surgery. A. J. H. Rains and ... In: Dis Colon Rectum 29, 1986, S. 675. PMID 3757713 C. J. Couch u. a.: Rectal foreign bodies. In: Med J Aust 144, 1986, S. 512- ...

*Levator ani

Iliac colon, sigmoid or pelvic colon, and rectum seen from the front, after removal of pubic bones and bladder. ...

*Levator ani

Iliac colon, sigmoid or pelvic colon, and rectum seen from the front, after removal of pubic bones and bladder. ...

*حلق - ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد

پس‌روده Colon. پس‌روده بالارو، خم کبدی، پس‌روده عرضی، خم طحالی، پس‌روده پایین‌رو، خم‌روده sigmoid colon. ادامه (تنیا کولی ...

*Ureterosigmoidostomy

Khan, Muhammad N.; Naqvi, Abul H.; Lee, Richard E. (8 June 2004). "Carcinoma of sigmoid colon following urinary diversion: a ... are diverted into the sigmoid colon. It is done as a treatment for bladder cancer, where the urinary bladder had to be removed ... As well as this, the urine entering the colon can cause diarrhea and salt imbalance due to the sodium and chloride in the urine ... Urea levels in the blood are higher due to urea crossing the colon wall. In the large intestine, sodium is swapped for ...

*Rectum

Unlike other portions of the colon, the rectum does not have taeniae coli. The rectum connects with the sigmoid colon at the ... The rectum is a continuation of the sigmoid colon, and connects to the anus. The rectum follows the shape of the sacrum and ... Its caliber is similar to that of the sigmoid colon at its commencement, but it is dilated near its termination, forming the ... the end of the sigmoid colon, at the level of the third sacral vertebra or the sacral promontory depending upon what definition ...

*Middle rectal artery

Sigmoid colon and rectum, showing distribution of branches of inferior mesenteric artery and their anastomoses. Middle rectal ...

*Joseph Franklin Rutherford

This included an operation on November 5, 1941, which found "carcinoma of the rectal sigmoid". Doctors gave him less than six ... From the age of 70, Rutherford underwent several medical treatments for cancer of the colon. ...

*Jakub Chlebowski

French) Studies on sigmoid colon activity in diabetes and hyperthyroidism (Pol Med Sci Hist Bull. 1968 Jan;11(1):34-7) ...

*Fecal impaction

Attempts at removal can have severe and even lethal effects, such as the rupture of the colon wall by catheter or an acute ... Rajagopal, A; Martin, J (June 2002). "Giant fecaloma with idiopathic sigmoid megacolon: report of a case and review of the ... Decreased motility of the colon results in dry, hard stools that in the case of fecal impaction become compacted into a large, ... Daily medications can also be used to promote normal motility of the colon and soften stools. Daily use of laxatives or enemas ...

*Cuthbert Dukes

Dukes CE, Morgan CN (1948). "Double carcinoma of the rectum and recto-sigmoid colon, with amoebiasis, schistosomiasis and ... Dukes CE (1959). "The etiology of cancer of the colon and rectum". Diseases of the colon and rectum. 2 (1): 27-32. doi:10.1007/ ... Dukes CE (1958). "Cancer control in familial polyposis of the colon". Diseases of the colon and rectum. 1 (6): 413-23. doi: ... It was there that he began his recognized studies on the pathology of colon cancer. He wrote several books based on his ...

*Inferior mesenteric plexus

... the left colic and sigmoid plexuses, which supply the descending and sigmoid parts of the colon; and the superior hemorrhoidal ...

*Müllerian agenesis

Another approach is the use of an autotransplant of a resected sigmoid colon using laparoscopic surgery; results are reported ...

*Ischemic colitis

Thus, patients without adequate collateralization are at risk for ischemia of the descending and sigmoid colon. Bloody diarrhea ... If blood flow to the colon drops by more than about 50%, ischemia will develop. The arteries feeding the colon are very ... A colonic stricture is a band of scar tissue which forms as a result of the ischemic injury and narrows the lumen of the colon ... The colon receives blood from both the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries. The blood supply from these two major ...

*গলবিল - উইকিপিডিয়া

ascending colon. *hepatic flexure. *transverse colon. *splenic flexure. *descending colon. *sigmoid colon ...

*Peritoneal recesses

There are other smaller recesses including those around the duodenojejunal flexure, cecum, and the sigmoid colon. These gutters ...
Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) migration from the uterus is a known but a relatively rare complication. Migration of the device in the surrounding viscera can be life threatening. We report a case of migrated Copper T, which had perforated the sigmoid colon. The case was managed with laparoscopic removal and intra corporeal suturing of the sigmoid perforation.
• We report a retrospective study of 107 cases of carcinoma of the sigmoid colon and upper rectum treated for primary cure at the University of California at Lo
The sigmoid colon is located at the end of the large intestine immediately before the rectum, according to Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. It is the final section of the large intestine and...
BioAssay record AID 420019 submitted by ChEMBL: Antagonist activity at voltage dependent L-type calcium channel in New Zealand white rabbit sigmoid colon circular smooth muscle strip assessed as induction of relaxation response in absence of Ca2+-activated potassium channel blocker tetraethylammonium.
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Previous studies have shown that DNA alkylation is a common event in colorectal tissue but the source of exposure to the methylating agents remains to be identified. These results confirm our previous study in a separate population of patients with colorectal disease,8 in demonstrating that colorectal DNA, obtained from individuals with malignant colorectal disease, contains detectable amounts of the pro-mutagenic and pro-carcinogenic lesionO 6-MedG. Furthermore, evidence from the current study indicates thatO 6-MedG levels vary within the large bowel as (i) DNA alkylation was higher in normal tissue from the sigmoid colon and rectum than in the proximal colon, (ii) only 13% of paired normal and tumour DNA samples obtained from the proximal colon were both alkylated compared with 21% in the sigmoid colon and 42% in the rectum, and (iii) O 6-MedG levels in tumour DNA from the proximal colon (but not the sigmoid colon or rectum) were greater than those in normal DNA.. A number of different ...
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
Premalignant colonic growth. Endoscopic view of a benign (non-cancerous) but premalignant tubular adenoma (lower centre to lower right) in the sigmoid colon. Premalignant conditions are ones which, if left untreated, may develop into cancer. Adenomas are growths that arise from glands. In the colon these are an important early warning of potential cancer development. The sigmoid colon is the final part of the large intestine (colon) and joins to the rectum. The colon is mainly responsible for extracting water and salt from solid wastes before they are eliminated from the body. - Stock Image C001/2427
hi guys i am new to this as just recently got out of the hospital after over a months stay.  I had a hysterectomy and the surgeon punctured my je
Background Urethral metastatic adenocarcinoma is extremely rare. Moreover, only 9 previous cases with metastases from colorectal cancer have been reported to date, and not much information on urethral...
Opiates. Additional analgesics are sometimes used to assist colonoscopy the most common is a combination of benzodi-azepine and opiate e.g., Dolantin .
My surgery was eight wks. ago. All was fine until last week i began severe vometing and cramping, could not eat or sip water without the cramping. Xray showed filled with stool.Told do bag enimas tw...
Diagnosis Code S36.593D information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Diagnosis Code S36.523D information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
After completing inspection and palpation and, if necessary, administering an analgesic, the actual endoscopic examination can begin. A local anaesthetic
Doctor answers on Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and More: Dr. Hoepfner on colon cancer of the sigmoid: Yes, it is possible to get cancer of the rectum, and this can be a serious condition. If you have concerns about this you should get evaluated. To prevent, consider exercise, a healthy diet, a healthy weight, eating plenty of green vegetables, and getting regular screening. Symptoms like these deserve a full evaluation in person by your health care provider. for topic: Colon Cancer Of The Sigmoid
I am 30 year old man. I have removed a polyp from 22 cm sigmoid by colonoscopy 6 years before now I am feeling pain in my rectum and sigmoid.?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Morphological spectrum of neovaginitis in autologous sigmoid transplant patients. AU - van der Sluis, Wouter B. AU - Neefjes-Borst, Eskelina A. AU - Bouman, Mark-Bram. AU - Meijerink, Wilhelmus J H J. AU - De Boer, Nanne K H. AU - Mullender, Margriet G. AU - van Bodegraven, Adriaan A. N1 - © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.. PY - 2016/6. Y1 - 2016/6. N2 - AIMS: Autologous intestinal grafts are used to (re)create a vagina in selected patients. The risk of diversion colitis is mentioned as a disadvantage, although its prevalence remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the histopathological characteristics of the sigmoid-derived neovaginal epithelial lining after diverting surgery and correlate these with clinical findings.METHODS AND RESULTS: Biopsy specimens were obtained from the epithelial lining of the sigmoid-derived neovagina and remaining rectosigmoid as regular follow-up from 26 patients with a median age of 22 years (range 19-52) and median postoperative follow-up of 13 ...
Colitis of the desending colon and the sigmoid - What is a Descending Colon? (with pictures). Bowtrol is formulated to maximize ones elimination without causing loose stools or uncomfortable cramping.
Hida J, Yasutomi M, Fujimoto K et al.: Analysis of regional lymph node metastases from rectal carcinoma by the clearing method: justification of the use of sigmoid colon in J-pouch reconstruction after low anterior resection. Dis Colon Rectum 1996; 39: 1282-85.[Crossref ...
Its additionally to facilitate and unsubscribe when you comprehend to. The same, more often known as the tailbone, is designed of the last three to five vertabrae in the windowpane. J Surg Issue Rep. The back side of the intention is very wearing, which can be neck when you rub fiercely at the top of your fresh especially, down to the the lone of the direction chute. In some loves, the lone nature is more comparable than in others. Absent anal sex, eyes often draw about how enjoyable a hole is supported on the lone sphincter, which makes about an result or so into fisting into the sigmoid lone canal. The back side of the intention is very powerful, which can be fond when you rub what at the top of your sole crack, down to the the unsurpassed of the time chute. The back nude marine corps babes of the direction is very bearing, which can be tell when you rub not at pics of princeton from mindless behavior top of your website crack, down to the the thing of the troupe chute. I find I have the most ...
The sigmoid colon empties into the rectum, which forms the terminal end of the digestive tract. It is a temporary storage for feces and expands until ...
This is another post not for the squeamish, just so you know.. As my wife noted to me today, its easy to get a bit blasé at the Cancer Agency-everyone there is dealing with cancer, and it almost seems normal. But today, after my final radiation treatment (yay!) and an excellent Mexican lunch with our friend Steven, I took a brief nap in his guest room and then walked to St. Pauls Hospital to meet with my surgeon, Dr. Brown. His news was not unexpected, but it wasnt the best case scenario either.. The upshot: when I have my tumour surgery in July, Dr. Brown recommends removing everything in my bowel from the bottom of my sigmoid colon on down, leaving with me no functioning rectum, and meaning that I will need a colostomy bag for the rest of my life. Yikes.. Now, I figured that might be the case, but it was still difficult to hear straight up. I cant argue with Dr. Browns conclusion. He wants to eliminate every trace of cancer he can get at. All the tissue that was previously found to be ...
The rectum is the most distal segment of the large intestine, and has an important role as a temporary store of faeces. It is continuous proximally with the sigmoid colon, and terminates into the anal canal.
hi hoagiemom,. I also had Stage III colon cancer in my sigmoid colon. I too had 2 positive lymph nodes (out of the 19) that were close to the site. No mets (thank god).. I had my diagnostics and surgery done at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN which is world renowned. The adjuvant chemo that was recommended was 5FU and Leucovorin. My oncologist is wonderful. I declined the chemo and instead went on an alternate route of Eastern Medicine with dietary modifications and juicing of fresh organic veggies being the foundation of my protocol. Cancer likes an acidic blood pH so my goal has been to stay alkaline. Juicing organic green veggies helps me do this. Cancer cannot live in an alkaline environment. Cancer likes sugar and processed foods. Cancer cells have more sugar receptors than healthy cells so it gobbles up the sugar and goes on a feeding frenzy. thats one reason why diet is so vital in healing cancer. Juicing also provides live enzymes which are integral to a healthy body.. I also took many ...
Post written by Shunsuke Yamamoto, MD, PhD, and Morteza Shafazand, MD, from the Department of Gastroenterology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Östra, Sweden. This is a case of a pedunculated polyp in the sigmoid colon whose stalk is short and thick, and we resected it using a scissor-type endoscopic knife. We wanted to demonstrate how to maneuver…
The left side of the human body is home to many organs like the left kidney, left ovary and adrenal gland, the stomach, spleen, heart, and the Sigmoid colon. Part of the large intestine and the...
These images demonstrate a focal knuckle of fat attenuation material at the anterior aspect of the sigmoid colon. There is some hyperemia adjacent to the abnormality as well as fat stranding. The remainder of the fat is clean.
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The steriods should help with the inflammation. I dont see any reaon that they should remove it, unless they dont see you being reversed in the future what so ever, which will have to do with how severe youve been so far. But if its not sending you to the ER for pain and things like that then I see no reason for removing it either way, as of right now that is ...
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Sigmoid colon volvulus, also known as sigmoid volvulus, is a common cause of bowel obstruction and constipation. It is common in Asia, India (7% of intestinal obstruction) and especially South India because of the high fibre diet. It is very common cause of large bowel obstruction in Peru and Bolivia due to high altitude. Pain in abdomen - initially left-sided, eventually all over Absolute constipation Enormous distension of abdomen Late vomiting and eventually dehydration Features of peritonitis Hiccough and retching may occur Tyre-like feel of the abdomen is diagnostic The condition is more common in males and with old age. It is also common in people with chronic constipation and laxative abuse. It is common in: Ogilvie syndrome Individuals with learning difficulties Chagas disease Hypothyroidism Anticholinergic drugs Multiple sclerosis Scleroderma Parkinsons disease In sigmoid, volvulus rotation is always anticlockwise. It requires one and a half rotation to cause vascular obstruction and ...
Sogabe S, Yuki S, Takagi T, Miyazaki T, Takano H, Kawamoto Y, Nakatsumi H, Sasaki T, Iwanaga I, Uehata Y, Asaka M, Komatsu Y: [A case of sigmoid colon cancer with lymphangitis carcinomatosa successfully treated with chemotherapies including molecular targeting drugs]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Mar;37(3):535-8 ...
In hand assisted laparoscopic surgery the surgeon inserts a hand into the abdomen while pneumoperitoneum is maintained the hand assists laparoscopic instruments and is helpful in complex...
Many reports have described sigmoid volvulus, but fatal hemorrhagic shock resulting from the rupture of the involved artery has not been reported as a complication of a sigmoid volvulus. A 71-year-old man with slight abdominal pain and obstipat
Bowel endometriosis is invariably associated with other significant endometriosis (eg endometrioma/chocolate cysts, or adenomyosis). Bowel endometriosis tends to slowly and progressively worsen in women who are pre-menopausal. It is rare for the bowel to be obstructed by endometriosis.. When the bowel is involved, there is generally a range of symptoms that a patient may experience; in particular, a cyclic change in bowel habit (diarrhoea, constipation or both) or cyclic bowel pain, always worst when the period is due. Women with bowel-related endometriosis will almost invariably have reduced fertility. Sometimes it is necessary to correct the pelvic and bowel endometriosis before a woman can conceive naturally. It is usual for patients with documented bowel endometriosis to experience back pain, sex pain and ovulation pain.. Investigating bowel pain by pelvic ultrasound scan or MRI scan is always a good starting point. The scan must be very specific, by an ultrasonologist or radiologist trained ...
... - Interpretations and ideas are to have budget surpluses experience. Haque Omar Sultan and.
OBJECTIVES: To study bowel ischaemia in transfemorally placed endoluminal grafting (TPEG) for abdominal aortic aneurysms, and any relation to cytokine response or postoperative fever. DESIGN: Prospective not randomised. University hospital setting. MATERIAL: Fourteen cases of conventional surgery and 23 cases of endovascular technique for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. METHODS: Tonometry was used for sigmoid colon pH, and ELISAs for serum IL-6. RESULTS: Mucosal pH in the sigmoid colon fell significantly during clamping and reperfusion in both groups. Lowest measured sigmoid colon pH was 7.10 in the open group, compared to 7.22 in the TPEG group (p , 0.05). The IL-6 levels in serum peaked after 4 h of reperfusion; 249 pg/ml in the open group, compared to 89 pg/ml in the TPEG group (p , 0.05). High levels of IL-6 in the postoperative period and persisting low sigmoidal pH were associated with serious complications. Postoperative temperature did not differ significantly between the ...
During an end sigmoid diversion colostomy, the end of the sigmoid colon is brought through the abdominal wall, where it may be turned under, like a cuff. The edges of the colon are then stitched to the skin of the abdominal wall to form an opening called a stoma. Stool drains from the stoma into a bag or pouch attached to the abdomen.
Paul Hengens recent TIBS column (February 1997) has prompted me to clarify points regarding our observation that wooden toothpicks inhibit PCR reactions using Taq or Vent polymerase (BioTechniques 18, 225 1995). We previously used wooden toothpicks to transfer bacterial colonies directly to PCR reactions for screening. It wasnt until we tried to reduce enzyme costs by lowing the amount of Taq per reaction that we noticed inhibition of the reaction by wooden toothpicks. The point of the paper is that by using plastic rather than wood, the amount of enzyme can be significantly reduced resulting in a significant savings for labs that do a lot of screening. We were not saying that all PCR reactions are inhibited by wooden toothpicks, only those using relatively small amounts of enzyme. My guess is that those who have no problems using wooden toothpicks could use less enzyme if they switched to plastic. This is a great technique whether you use wooden toothpicks with more enzyme or plastic ...
The colon extends from the end of the ileum to the rectum. The cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure, and proximal transverse colon comprise the right colon. The distal transverse colon, splenic flexure, descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectosigmoid comprise the left colon (Figure 30-1). The ascending and descending portions are fixed to the retroperitoneum, and the transverse colon and sigmoid colon are suspended in the peritoneal cavity by their mesocolons. The caliber of the lumen is greatest at the cecum and diminishes distally. The wall of the colon has four layers: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, and serosa (Figure 30-2). The muscularis propria consists of an inner circular layer and an outer longitudinal layer. The longitudinal muscle completely encircles the colon in a very thin layer, and at three points around the circumference it is gathered into thick bands called taeniae coli. Sacculations (haustra) are the result of shortening of the colon by the taeniae and contractions of ...
The sigmoid colon has been cut across at the point where it descends into the pelvic cavity. The peritoneal layers of its mesentery (21) have been separated to expose lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels and arteries as they approach the sigmoid colon. The superior rectal artery and vein (14,19) pass downward into the pelvis behind the sigmoid mesocolon ...
Contrast enhanced axial CT images demonstrate scattered diverticuli in the rectosigmoid colon with bowel wall thickening and pericolonic fat stranding about a inflammed diverticula in the sigmoid colon. No fluid collection or abscess.
The sigmoid vein , also called the vena sigmoideus, refers to one group of sigmoid veins. These veins are tributaries of the inferior mesenteric vein, which is a tributary of the hepatic portal vein. Each sigmoid vein is curved or crescent-shaped, like the uncial sigma (a variation of the Greek
From the small bowel, the residual material drains into the large intestine (or colon). The colon is about 6 feet in length and begins with the cecum, extends into the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon, the sigmoid colon and finally the rectum and anus. The function of the colon is to absorb water and salts and bacteria also interacts with the liquid waste matter in the colon assisting with the conversion to feces or stool. This interaction with bacteria contributes to the formation of gas or flatus. Stool is stored primarily in the descending colon and sigmoid colon where it moves into the rectum ...
Colon cancer (colorectal cancer) support forum. Please feel free to read, share your thoughts, your stories and connect with others!
Cathy...sorry to read of all your medical adventures. You wouldnt believe mine; I had incomplete rectal emptying starting in 2006 but moved a lot of stool every morning, just multiple trips to the loo. BUt made me late for work took 2-4 hours to feel done. So had a special image test and was diagnosed with a sigmoidocele. That means sigmoid colon flops over and blocks off rectum. For this 3 colorectal docs said you have the sigmoid colon removed. I did that, but the surgeons I went to also raised my bladder that was not falling; raised my vagina which was not falling, fixed a rectocele that was very small, removed both ovaries when only one needed removing due to benign large cyst, and for whatever reason removed the top of my rectum (just for good measure I guess; no diseased tissue.) So my rectum, colon, and small intestines scarred in and I could not poop or eat for 13 months. Had to see 10 docs at 7 medical centers before I found one who could do all that could be done. Lysis of very dense ...
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Im not sure if I should code as 44145 or 44207 Procedure: Laparoscopic sigmoid resection w/ colorectal anastamosis. ...12-mm incision made in m
Please see subsections: Optimal approach to elective resection for rectal cancers (COL1-2b) Local versus radical resection for stage T1-T2 rectal cancer...
The sigmoid plate is variously described as the plate of bone between the jugular bulb and the middle ear cavity (as shown in first image) or more generally as the thin bone separating the sigmoid sinus from adjacent structures (especially mastoi...
Identification of a novel PRR15L-RSPO2 fusion transcript in a sigmoid colon cancer derived from superficially serrated adenoma. Crossref DOI link: https://doi.org/10.1007/S00428-019-02604-X Published: 2019-11. Update policy: https://doi.org/10.1007/SPRINGER_CROSSMARK_POLICY. ...
Abstract:. Isolated involvement of rectosigmoid region is very rare. Such cases are difficult to diagnose clinically due to their nonspecific and atypical presentations. This may leads to misdiagnosis and sometimes unplanned treatment. A 65‑year‑old female had operated for suspected traumatic intestinal obstruction with operative findings suggestive of carcinoma rectosigmoid region. Later on, investigations had proved the case to be tuberculosis of that region without any other signs. Thus, a thorough knowledge of the various presentations of rectosigmoid tuberculosis is important in order to improve patient management.. ...
Continued From Above... The descending colon is a hollow tube that is part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Its diameter is roughly 2.5 inches (7 cm), while its length is approximately 9 to 10 inches (25 cm). It contains many small pouches, known as haustra, along its length that increase its surface area and help to move feces through the colon. At its superior end, the descending colon connects to the transverse colon at the splenic flexure just inferior to the spleen. From the splenic flexure, the descending colon extends inferiorly toward the left hip before turning about 90 degrees to the right and forming the sigmoid colon.. Like all parts of the gastrointestinal tract, the descending colon consists of four major tissue layers surrounding a hollow lumen. The mucosa forms the innermost layer that surrounds the lumen and is in contact with fecal matter stored in the colon. Mucosa is a mucous membrane made of simple columnar epithelial tissue and a thin underlying layer of areolar ...
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Is it poop yet? (Well call it feces [sounds like fee-cees] or stool from now on rather than poop or other s words) Getting close. There are many sections to the large bowel - the appendix, caecum, ascending (rising) colon, transverse (across) colon, descending (going down) colon, sigmoid colon, the rectum and the anus. The main purposes of the large intestine is to pass remaining essential nutrients into the bloodstream and the storage and elimination of waste left-overs. As the nutritional fluids are absorbed and transfered out to the bloodstream, the contents get more solid and compact ...
That was me...lol...squamous cell carcinoma in the first rectal fold.. I had a 2 inch tumor, and my treating docs didnt know quite which treatment path to follow....this was anal cancer in the rectum.... So, lucky for me, they decided to choose the type of cancer, not where it was. Chemo with 5FU and cisplatin. Rads concurrent. Their main goal was to reduce the tumor size so that I had the best chance of saving my spinchter.. It worked so well, that by the time I saw the surgeon (who, BTW, specializes in low bowel resections....VERY important!!!!) there was nothing left to see of the tumor. We decided, based on my age (49) and my family situation (2 special needs kids) that we would go ahead with the resection, so I had a J-pouch procedure...removed my rectum, sigmoid colon and fashioned a new rectum from my descending colon. Total hysterectomy at the same time (I wasnt using this organ anymore, and it made the field for the resection easier to see). 5 years later, its still doing well, and ...
gastroesophageal sphincter, esophagus squamous epithelium, spleen, thoracic aorta, HepG2, breast epithelium, coronary artery, tibial nerve, testis, ascending aorta, body of pancreas, upper lobe of left lung, heart left ventricle, subcutaneous adipose tissue, right lobe of liver, omental fat pad, right atrium auricular region, vagina, K562, adrenal gland, sigmoid colon, uterus, gastrocnemius medialis, lower leg skin, thyroid gland, transverse colon, Peyers patch, prostate gland, ovary, suprapubic skin, stomach, esophagus muscularis mucosa, tibial artery ...
gastroesophageal sphincter, esophagus squamous epithelium, spleen, thoracic aorta, HepG2, breast epithelium, coronary artery, tibial nerve, testis, ascending aorta, body of pancreas, upper lobe of left lung, heart left ventricle, subcutaneous adipose tissue, right lobe of liver, omental fat pad, right atrium auricular region, vagina, K562, adrenal gland, sigmoid colon, uterus, gastrocnemius medialis, lower leg skin, thyroid gland, transverse colon, Peyers patch, prostate gland, ovary, suprapubic skin, stomach, esophagus muscularis mucosa, tibial artery ...
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I was hoping that someone maybe able to let me have some info/help/suggestions- I have recently obtained my medical records as Im still in pain on left side as always, can not have sex(sorry for tmi...
An early pick of a rectosigmoid neoplasm confined to the lumen without any serosal breach. This is a good young candidate for tumor resection.
i opened in the midline. there was a perforation in the sigmoid caused by pressure inside the lumen of the bowel, causing necrosis of the retroperitoneal region. that was something ive dealt with many times. but what was funny was the content of the colon. the entire colon was filled with what looked like feces but was as hard as rock. i spent most of the operation milking this stuff out and dumping it in a large basin. in the end i had removed about 4kg of rock hard feces as well as the sigmoid. it was not fun ...
i opened in the midline. there was a perforation in the sigmoid caused by pressure inside the lumen of the bowel, causing necrosis of the retroperitoneal region. that was something ive dealt with many times. but what was funny was the content of the colon. the entire colon was filled with what looked like feces but was as hard as rock. i spent most of the operation milking this stuff out and dumping it in a large basin. in the end i had removed about 4kg of rock hard feces as well as the sigmoid. it was not fun ...
A three-layered neural network having n hidden-layer units can implement a mapping of n points in Rd onto R. In this paper, the activation function of hidden-layer units is extended to higher-dimensional functions, so that the sigmoid function defined on R and the radial basis function defined on Rd can be treated on a common basis. We assume that activation functions cannot be scaled. Even under this restriction, a wide class of functions can be activation functions for the mapping of a finite number of points. If the support of the Fourier transform of a slowly increasing function includes a converging sequence of points on a line, it can be an activation function for the mapping of points without scaling. This condition does not depend on the dimension of the space on which the activation function is defined; both the logistic function on R and the Gauss kernel on Rd satisfy it. The result extends the work of Ito and Saito (1996), in which the activation function is restricted to sigmoid ...
I was attempting to prepare dinner tonight and needed something to occupy Big Brother. I gave him our toothpick holder, dumped out the toothpicks and
Add dry ingredients to wet; stir well to combine. Scrape the whole mess into a buttered glass baking dish. A round glass pie plate, 8" or 9" diameter, or a 8"sq. baking dish will both work; if you use a deeper or more shallow pan, or if you are making cupcakes, your baking time will vary widely, so keep a careful eye on these. Spread batter evenly in dish. Bake for 20min at 350F, then decrease heat to 325F, and bake for an additional 10-15min. Check with a toothpick in the center; the cake is done when it springs back when poked with a finger, and a toothpick inserted in the center comes out clean ...
So what is the right way to lose weight and keep it off? Its easier said than done - take it from me! But the best and only way is proper nutrition, enough calories and a lot of exercise. I know this now, and I do this now - its how the Svelte Gourmet came to be. But recently Ive stepped it up in order to size it down. A lot more exercise (Im up to running 5 miles! Yay!); sticking with lean proteins, whole grains, fruits and veggies; and especially watching my portion sizes has me back on track….to the tune of one healthy pound a week. This lifestyle is a marathon, not a sprint - its tough if youre impatient like me, but slow and steady wins the race ...
Hello everyone: I have done PCR from plasmid inserts by wetting a toothpick in a overnight E. coli culture or using the toothpick to touch a colony. The toohtpick is then used to shake a 10 ul reation. No treatment seemed necessary, perhaps the first 2 min at 95 degrees were enough to break the cells. It works quite well ...
Colonic diverticulosis is an increasingly common condition in the Western societies; in our country, a third of the population is affected by the 6th decade and two-thirds by the 9th decade. Fortunately, a majority of patients with diverticulosis remain asymptomatic; diverticulitis, the most common presentation of diverticular disease, has an estimated incidence of 10 patients per 100,000/year.. The diagnosis of sigmoid diverticulitis is usually suspected clinically in a patient presenting with acute lower abdominal pain, associated with an inflammatory syndrome with elevated CRP and/or leukocytes count. The preferred imaging modality to establish definitive diagnosis is computerized tomography (CT) scan with triple (oral, intravenous and intra-rectal) administration of contrast. CT scan may also influence management by demonstrating whether sigmoid diverticulitis is simple (phlegmonous, showing an infiltration of pericolic fat and a thickening of intestinal wall) or complicated (abscess, ...
Complications of Sigmoid diverticulitis including hidden complications, secondary medical conditions, symptoms, or other types of Sigmoid diverticulitis complication.
This case represents a common cause of acute abdomen in the emergency department, especially in the elderly. It shows a sigmoid diverticulitis associated with a small amount of extraluminal gas locules. The patient was managed conservatively wi...
CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF SIGMOID COLON 1. Colonic aganglionosis (Hirschsprung disease). It is caused by the arrest of the caudal migration of neural crest cells. The hallmark is the absence of ganglionic cells in the myenteric and sub-mucosal plexuses, most commonly in the sigmoid colon and rectum, resulting in a narrow segment of colon (i.e., the colon fails to relax). Although the ganglionic cells are absent, there is a proliferation of hypertrophied nerve fiber bundles. The most characteristic functional finding is the failure of the internal anal sphincter to relax following rectal distention (i.e., abnormal rectoanal reflex). Mutations of the RET proto-oncogene (chromosome 10q.11.2) have been associated with Hirschsprung disease. Clinical findings include a distended abdomen, inability to pass meconium, gushing of fecal material upon a rectal digital exam, fecal retention, and a loss of peristalsis in the colon segment distal to the normal innervated colon. The barium radiograph shows a ...
Sigmoid volvulus is a common cause of large bowel obstruction in western countries and Africa. It accounts for 25% of the patients admitted to the hospital for large bowel obstruction. The acute management of sigmoid volvulus is sigmoidoscopic decompression. However, the recurrence rate can be as high as 60% in some series. Recurrent sigmoid volvulus in elderly patients who are not fit for definitive surgery is difficult to manage. The percutaneous endoscopic placement of two percutaneous endoscopic colostomy tube placement is a simple and relatively safe procedure. The two tubes should be left open to act as vents for the colon from over-distending. In our opinion, this aspect is key to its success as it keeps the sigmoid colon deflated until adhesions form between the colon and the abdominal wall ...
The sigmoid is the last section of the colon. Two anatomic differences can increase the risk of sigmoid volvulus. One is an elongated or movable sigmoid colon that is unattached to the left sidewall of the abdomen. Another is a narrow mesentery that allows twisting at its base. Sigmoid volvulus, however, can occur even without an anatomic abnormality.. Risk factors that can make a person more likely to have sigmoid volvulus are Hirschsprungs disease, intestinal pseudo-obstructions, and megacolon (an enlarged colon). Adults, children, and infants can all have sigmoid volvulus. It is more common in men than in women, possibly because men have longer sigmoid colons. It is also more common in people over age 60, in African Americans, and in institutionalized individuals who are on medications for psychiatric disorders. In addition, children with malrotation are more likely to get sigmoid volvulus.. The symptoms can be acute (occur suddenly) and severe. They include a bowel obstruction (commonly ...
The sigmoid is the last section of the colon. Two anatomic differences can increase the risk of sigmoid volvulus. One is an elongated or movable sigmoid colon that is unattached to the left sidewall of the abdomen. Another is a narrow mesentery that allows twisting at its base. Sigmoid volvulus, however, can occur even without an anatomic abnormality.. Risk factors that can make a person more likely to have sigmoid volvulus are Hirschsprungs disease, intestinal pseudo-obstructions, and megacolon (an enlarged colon). Adults, children, and infants can all have sigmoid volvulus. It is more common in men than in women, possibly because men have longer sigmoid colons. It is also more common in people over age 60, in African Americans, and in institutionalized individuals who are on medications for psychiatric disorders. In addition, children with malrotation are more likely to get sigmoid volvulus.. The symptoms can be acute (occur suddenly) and severe. They include a bowel obstruction (commonly ...
Looking for online definition of sigmoid colostomy in the Medical Dictionary? sigmoid colostomy explanation free. What is sigmoid colostomy? Meaning of sigmoid colostomy medical term. What does sigmoid colostomy mean?
The recurrence rate of patients treated conservatively for an episode of diverticulitis is approximately 25% [1]. Elective resection has traditionally been advised after a second episode of diverticulitis. It has been thought that patients with a diverticulitis recurrence are at greater risk of developing complications, have higher mortality rates and are less likely to respond to medical treatment [2].. However, recent studies have demonstrated that the number of attacks of diverticulitis is not necessarily a prevailing factor in defining the suitability of surgery. Most patients who present with complicated diverticulitis do so at the time of their first attack. Furthermore, only a fraction (5-7%) develops complicated diverticulitis during subsequent attacks [3, 4]. This and the fact that operation itself carries significant morbidity and mortality, has lead to reluctance in gastroenterologists and surgeons towards elective resection after a recurrence of the disease.. However, elective ...
1. Burkitt DP, Walker AR, Painter NS. Effect of dietary fibre on stools and the transit-times, and its role in the causation of disease. Lancet. 1972;2:1408-12 2. Stumpf M, Cao W, Klinge U, Klosterhalfen B, Kasperk R, Schumpelick V. Increased distribution of collagen type III and reduced expression of matrix metalloproteinase 1 in patients with diverticular disease. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2001;16:271-5 3. Cortesini C, Pantalone D. Usefulness of colonic motility study in identifying patients at risk for complicated diverticular disease. Dis Colon Rectum. 1991;34:339-42 4. Kourtesis GJ, Williams RA, Wilson SE. Surgical options in acute diverticulitis: value of sigmoid resection in dealing with the septic focus. Aust N Z J Surg. 1988;58:955-9 5. Peura DA, Lanza FL, Gostout CJ, Foutch PG. The American College of Gastroenterology Bleeding Registry: preliminary findings. Am J Gastroenterol. 1997;92:924-8 6. Parks TG. Natural history of diverticular disease of the colon. Clin Gastroenterol. 1975;4:53-69 ...
Looking for acute diverticulitis? Find out information about acute diverticulitis. inflammation of one or more diverticula, esp of the colon Inflammation of a diverticulum Explanation of acute diverticulitis
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
Doctor S. P. Somashekhar, Manipal Hospital Head & Consultant- Department of Surgical & Gynaec Oncology & Robotic Surgeon Adjunct Professor in Surgical Oncology (KMC) will remove the affected part of the colon and then join together the remaining healthy sections of the bowel.This procedure is performed using the da Vinci Surgical System. By overcoming the limits of traditional open and laparoscopic surgery, the da Vinci is revolutionizing colorectal surgery. This reconnection is known as an anastomosis. Surgery on the sigmoid colon (lower left colon just before the rectum) is called a sigmoid colectomy. Not narrated, no PPTs 11:28
Introduction Dose calculation of tumor and surrounding tissues is essential during prostate brachytherapy. Three radioisotopes, namely, 125I, 103Pd, and 131Cs, are extensively used in this method. In this study, we aimed to calculate the received doses by the prostate and critical organs using the aforementioned radioactive seeds and to investigate the effect of scattering contribution for the legs on dose calculations. Materials and Methods The doses to organs of interest were calculated using MCNPX code and ORNL (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) phantom. Results Doses to the prostate as a source of radiation for 125I, 103Pd, and 131Cs were approximately 108.9, 97.7, and 81.5 Gy, respectively. Bladder, sigmoid colon, and testes received higher doses than other organs due to proximity to the prostate. Differences between the doses when tallying with the legs intact and with the legs voided were significant for testes, sigmoid colon contents, and sigmoid colon wall because of their proximity to the
Complicated diverticulitis sometimes requires emergency surgery with considerable morbidity [1]. It is classified by severity according to the Hinchey grading scale, where I and II represent contained abscesses, and III and IV are cases with perforated colon and purulent (III) or faecal (IV) leakage [2]. The traditional treatment for the Hinchey III and IV has been open surgery with resection of the affected segment, blind closure of the distal resection line and a diverting colostomy i.e. Hartmanns procedure [3-6]. Another option is resection with primary anastomosis of the colon [3]. A retrospective study at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg studied all patients (n = 106) admitted and operated for complicated diverticulitis between 2003 and 2008 [7]. Eighteen percent underwent at least one re-operation during their first admission, and the mean length of hospital stay was 17 (1-111) days. Mortality was 6%, not different from similar studies [2, 6]. The number of complications ...
Looking for online definition of rectosigmoid junction in the Medical Dictionary? rectosigmoid junction explanation free. What is rectosigmoid junction? Meaning of rectosigmoid junction medical term. What does rectosigmoid junction mean?
The rectum is continuous above with the sigmoid colon. Below, it ends in the anal canal. From its origin at the level of the third sacra vertebra, it passes downward, lying in the sacrococcygeal curve, and extends for about 2.5 centimeters in front of the tip of the coccyx. It then bends sharply backward into the anal canal. The rectum is about twelve centimeters long. At its commencement, its caliber is similar to that of the sigmoid colon, but near its terminations, it is dilated to form the rectal ampulla. The rectum has no sacculations comparable to those of the colon. When the lower part of the rectum is contracted, its mucous membrane is thrown into longitudinal folds. The peritoneum is related to the upper two-thirds of the rectum. At first, it covers its front and sides, but lower down it only covers its front. The upper part of the rectum is in relation, posterior, with the superior rectal vessels, to the left the piriformis, and left sacral plexus of nerves. In its lower part it lies ...
There is a great risk of getting diverticulitis in those people that consume a low fiber diet regularly. Treating this problem requires a diverticulitis diet that will lessen your symptoms as well as any other digestive issues and stomach cramps that you may be experiencing. There are some instances where you might have to end up on a liquid diet for diverticulitis briefly where you should only take in fruit juices, ice pops, broth and water. The juices arent allowed to have any acid in them whatsoever because they can easily disrupt a persons digestive system.. Dieting & Reducing Diverticulitis. As stated earlier, people who consume a low fiber diet are extremely at risk of experiencing diverticulitis like symptoms. Some of the symptoms you may feel are nausea, chills, fever, vomiting, pain in the abdominal region, and people often also experience weight loss. Some of the complications that diverticulitis present can be an abscess in the colon wall, bleeding from the rectum and unwanted ...
The colon is a long, hollow tube surrounded by muscle. The tube reabsorbs water and the muscle contracts to move the stool forward toward the rectum for storage and eventual release. All along the colon, nerves and blood vessels enter the wall of the colon to provide senstaion, oxygen and nourishment. These points of entry are weak spots in the wall. These weak spots are more common in the sigmoid colon on the left side of the abdomen. As pressure builds, these weak points bulge outward. Eventually, as we age, these weak areas become sacs known as diverticula. When they are inflamed or infected, the patient is said to have diverticulitis. The commonest symptom of diverticulitis is abdominal pain.. ...
53-year-old woman with sigmoid chronic diverticulitis was referred for surgery because of symptomatic disease.A, B. Pre-operative computed tomography colonograp
The sigmoid vein, also called the vena sigmoideus, refers to one group of sigmoid veins. These veins are tributaries of the inferior mesenteric vein, which is a tributary of the hepatic portal vein.
An elderly man with recurrent bouts of large bowel obstruction secondary to a sigmoid volvulus. The operative views show a redundant loop of sigmoid colon. This has undergone numerous episodes of torsion - as judged from the fibrous bands of scar tissue seen running up the mesentery ...
Doctors give unbiased, helpful information on indications, contra-indications, benefits, and complications: Dr. Nishi on colectomy lap anastomosis: There is an ileorectal anastomosis - when the colon is removed we can attach the ileum - part of the end of the small intestine - to the rectum. There is also an ileosigmoid anastomosis - when the ileum is attached to the sigmoid colon. Often the area is called the rectosigmoid region so this leads to the confusion. There is no ileorectal sigmoid anastomosis.
The purpose of this study was to examine our experience with laparoscopic and laparoscopically assisted management of bowel endometriosis and to recommend treatment approaches, considering patient goals for both pain mitigation or fertility, or both.
I experienced 3-4 days of moderate intensity colicy/intermittent sharp pain in my LLQ beginning of Feb, and my PCP dxd it as diverticulosis v mid-cycle pain. Being a 29 year old who takes oral contraceptives I was skeptical of mid-cycle pain, and diverticulosis seemed unlikely but whatever. The pain got better and about 3 weeks later I got terrible diarrhea for 4 days followed by the same colicy LLQ pain, but more persistent and painful than before. I ended up going to ER concerned it was ovarian in nature, and was diagnosed by CT with colitis due to inflammation of the sigmoid colon ...
Peristalsis is a rhythmic and symmetrical contraction and relaxation of the colon to move waste from the body. Often, due to dehydration, over-use of laxatives, stress, or Colitis, Crohns or IBS, this movement doesnt work in the way it should.. Learning the 9-Part Abdominal Exercises can restore this function resulting in regular bowel movements, release of gas and abdominal cramping, and relief from debilitating symptoms.. The colon has different segments: the cecum, the ascending colon, the hepatic angle, the transverse colon, the splenic angle, the descending colon, and the sigmoid colon. In the 9-Part Abs, one "massages" each segment separately in order to enable the parts to work seamlessly as a whole.. ...
BOF : 39. A sixty-year-old man who is known to have ischaemic heart disease is admitted with a history of sudden onset abdominal pain, followed by watery diarrhoea and subsequent profuse rectal bleeding.. The likely diagnosis is. a) Small bowel infarction. b) Large bowel infarction. c) Volvulus of the sigmoid colon. d) Colon cancer with intussusception. e) Ulcerative colitis. ...
From BioPortfolio: DUBLIN, Ireland, March 06, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- SIGMOID PHARMA LIMITED, a privately-owned pharmaceutical company developing innovative therapeutics for gast...
This medical exhibit pictures an anterior (front) view of the normal anatomy of the large and small intestines. Labels are provided for the duodenum, ascending colon, terminal ileum, cecum, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum. This illustration also shows the liver and stomach.
Stent migration is a recognized complication of self-expanding metal stents (SEMS). Rates quoted vary from 2 to 8% in different series, with two-thirds occurring in the first month after placement [1]. Stents can migrate proximally where they may threaten the airway or distally to the stomach. Often the stent will migrate further than the stomach, but if it does pass through the pylorus it can migrate to the small and large bowel. However - and somewhat surprisingly - stent migration rarely presents as bowel obstruction. DePalma et al. in their series of 242 patients reported 9 patients with stent migration to the stomach which were left in-situ with no complications and 3 patients were "unaware" of having passed the stent rectally [1]. Williams et al. reported a case with constipation and abdominal pain 2 months after placement of a SEMS for inoperable esophageal cancer [2]. The stent had migrated to the sigmoid colon, which was treated conservatively. Management of stent migration is ...
I recently wrote about a vasculopathic lady who presented with an infarcted sigmoid colon. Post operatively she sort of limped along. By post-op day #5, she still hadnt turned the corner and, in fact, seemed to be deteriorating. I just didnt like the way she looked. And her abdomen was more tender. And her WBC count kept rising. So I took her back for another exploration; sure enough, patchy areas of ischemia were apparent throughout the remaining colon, especially in the area of the cecum. I performed a completion colectomy and gave her an end ileostomy. There were palpable pulses in the mesentery, but the vessels were hard, calcified pipes. Clearly, this was a case of Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI), with the disease affecting the blood supply at the level of the arterioles. Classic teaching is that this form of mesenteric ischemia carries the worst prognosis because there are no real interventions to reverse the problem. All you can do is resect the dying bowel and hope the disease ...
Shota Takano, MD, Cesar Reategui, MD, Giovanna da Silva, MD, Eric G Weiss, MD, Steven D Wexner, MD. Cleveland Clinic Florida. INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy has been universally accepted as the standard surgical treatment for sigmoid diverticulitis. Reported postoperative complication rates range from 7-25%. Predictive factors of complications remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate factors predictive factors of postoperative complications following laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis.. METHODS: After IRB approval, the medical records of all patients at our institution who underwent elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy with anastomosis for diverticulitis between 05/2007 and 07/2011 were reviewed. Collected variables were demographics, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) score, previous abdominal surgeries, presence of abscess or fistula, number of diverticulitis attacks, approach type (laparoscopy or ...
RESULTS: Data on 42 PRA patients and 36 HP patients were analysed. Follow-up (mean 7.2 years, range 5 - 11 years) was completed for 63 patients (37 PRA, 26 HP). Restoration of bowel continuity was successfully performed in 25 of 26 HP patients. No patient had megacolon. Constipation was reported by 83% of PRA and 65% of HP patients. Of these patients, 51% regularly used laxatives. No patient complained of incontinence, and no recurrences of sigmoid volvulus were recorded during the follow-up period ...
Perforation of Intestine (Hirschsprung s Disease). obst_10a_n.jpg: Upright abdomen x-ray in an 1-day-old newborn. Both diaphragmatic domes are visible as a thin line. The right lobe of the liver is pushed to the midline by a clear zone, and the stomach is distended by fluid and air. It is a pneumoperitoneum due to intestinal perforation in congenital megacolon, which is a feared complication of Hirschsprungs disease mainly in neonates with enterocolitis. obst_10b_n.jpg: Operative findings in a 4.9-year-old girl with sigmoid perforation. The demonstrated segment of the sigmoid has localized white or blue-red discolorated parts and stripped off yellow coats. It is a perforation of the sigmoid due to a neuronal colon dysplasia which occurred distally from the megacolon. Spontaeous colonic perforation occurs mostly in Hirschsprungs disease and mainly in the neonatal period. Prior to this typical complication, often a symtomatic localized necrotizing enterocolitis occurs in the megarectum ...
Surgical ligation or plication of the inferior vena cava in acutely ill patients with significant cardiopulmonary disease carries a high mortality. Intravenous interruption of the inferior vena cava by an intracaval umbrella-like device placed under local anesthesia has been performed in 15 patients with significant cardiac disease: 12 with chronic congestive heart failure and 3 with intractable heart failure and shock. There was one early death from heart failure and shock three days after caval interruption and three late deaths from congestive heart failure and one from ruptured sigmoid diverticulitis. The remaining ten patients are alive and well 2 months to 11½ months after caval interruption. There has been no further recurrence of pulmonary embolism.. ...
Egypt has extensive environmental pollution and the highest proportion of early-onset colorectal cancers in patients under age 40 in the world (35 percent of total colorectal cancers). These tumors show high mucin production, more undifferentiation, and a lower prevalence of k-ras mutations that tumors of US patients. The molecular and pathological patterns of these tumors could indicate possible environmental exposures. Organochlorine pesticides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), heterocyclic amines (HCAS), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been correlated with colon carcinogenesis in experimental animals. Egyptians are highly exposed to these carcinogens in farming, cooked foods, combustion products, and polluted air and water. Egypt offers a unique opportunity and a natural experiment for a population study to investigate the impact of organochlorine pesticides and other environmental carcinogens on early-onset colorectal cancer. In order to better understand the association ...
Because diverticulosis does not cause any symptoms, it is usually identified when a test is being performed for colon cancer screening not for evaluations of digestive symptoms. Diverticulitis may be difficult to diagnose because its symptoms are similar to other intestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and stomach ulcers. Treatment depends on the severity of your condition. Mild diverticulitis can be treated with rest, changes in your diet and antibiotics. Adding more fiber to your diet can reduce the amount of pressure on your colon and reduce symptoms from diverticular disease. You may also be put on a liquid diet to try and give your colon a rest. Severe cases of diverticulitis may require hospitalization to receive antibiotics intravenously. Occasionally surgery is necessary. Surgical Treatments for Diverticulitis ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Long-term effects of jejunoileal autotransplantation on myoelectrical activity in canine small intestine. AU - Quigley, Eamonn M M. AU - Spanta, Ali D.. AU - Rose, Scott G.. AU - Lof, John. AU - Thompson, Jon S. PY - 1990/12/1. Y1 - 1990/12/1. N2 - We studied the longitudinal effects of autotransplantation on the motor function of the jejunoileum. By performing the autotransplantation procedure in a manner similar to that employed for allotransplantation, we sought to examine the long-term effects of both extrinsic denervation and the operative procedure itself on small intestinal motor function. Although initially disrupted, interdigestive myoelectrical activity demonstrated progressive organization: 88% of migrating myoelectrical complexes in animals studied between 12 and 20 months following autotransplantation demonstrated each phase of the complex in normal sequence. Longitudinal studies of several parameters of myoelectrical activity provided further evidence of progressive ...

sigmoid colon resection - Gastroenterology - MedHelpsigmoid colon resection - Gastroenterology - MedHelp

I had sigmoid colon resection 7 months ago. Have you spoken with your surgeon about it? They may want to do a colonoscopy to ... I had sigmoid colon resection 7 months ago. Have you spoken with your surgeon about it? They may want to do a colonoscopy to ... sigmoid colon resection. My surgery was eight wks. ago. All was fine until last week i began severe vometing and cramping, ... Hi, I had a sigmoid colon resection a little over 3 months ago. My doctor has me on a high fiber diet (30 grams) per day. The ...
more infohttp://www.medhelp.org/posts/Gastroenterology/sigmoid-colon-resection/show/607423

Spasm in sigmoid colon - Gastroenterology - MedHelpSpasm in sigmoid colon - Gastroenterology - MedHelp

I have been suffering with bowel disorders mainly spasm in sigmoid colon for the past 15 years, so many times under gone for ... Spasm in sigmoid colon Trinadh32 I have been suffering with bowel disorders mainly spasm in sigmoid colon for the past 15 years ... Spasm in sigmoid colon. I have been suffering with bowel disorders mainly spasm in sigmoid colon for the past 15 years, so many ... But still I am getting spasm in sigmoid colon due to this gas and fecal mater was stagneting in that area and giving lot of ...
more infohttps://www.medhelp.org/posts/Gastroenterology/Spasm-in-sigmoid-colon/show/1343668

Sigmoid colon cancer - x-ray: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia ImageSigmoid colon cancer - x-ray: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia Image

A barium enema in a patient with cancer of the large bowel (sigmoid area). ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/ency/imagepages/1198.htm

Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon in Pathans | The BMJVolvulus of the Sigmoid Colon in Pathans | The BMJ

Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon in Pathans Br Med J 1967; 1 :366 ... Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon in Pathans. Br Med J 1967; 1 doi ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/1/5536/366.3

Where is the sigmoid colon? | Reference.comWhere is the sigmoid colon? | Reference.com

The sigmoid colon is located at the end of the large intestine immediately before the rectum, according to Memorial Sloan ... Where is the colon?. A: The colon, also referred to as the large intestine, is the last section of the digestive tract. The ... What does the colon do?. A: The colon, also referred to as the large intestine, removes excess nutrients to form stools and ... The sigmoid colon is located at the end of the large intestine immediately before the rectum, according to Memorial Sloan ...
more infohttps://www.reference.com/science/sigmoid-colon-495c9b4b85c66448

Volvulus of the Sigmoid ColonVolvulus of the Sigmoid Colon

Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes ... Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon. Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon in minutes ... Volvulus of the Sigmoid Colon. In the upper image the unattached loop of bowel twists causing the bowel lumen to become ...
more infohttps://www.smartdraw.com/digestive-system-diagram/examples/volvulus-of-the-sigmoid-colon/

Sigmoid colon resection: uses & side-effects | PatientsLikeMeSigmoid colon resection: uses & side-effects | PatientsLikeMe

Find the most comprehensive real-world treatment information on Sigmoid colon resection at PatientsLikeMe. 0 patients with ... bipolar I disorder or psoriasis currently have Sigmoid colon resection. ... What is Sigmoid colon resection?. Category: Surgeries false A sigmoid colon resection (colectomy) is a type of surgery done to ... Stopped having Sigmoid colon resection Duration. Patients. This item is relevant to you: Less than 1 month 8 * 8 ...
more infohttps://www.patientslikeme.com/treatments/show/22511-sigmoid-colon-resection-side-effects-and-efficacy

Mobilization of the sigmoid colon -SAGES Image LibraryMobilization of the sigmoid colon -SAGES Image Library

Mobilization of the sigmoid colon. SAGES Exhibit Hall Sample → Mobilization of the sigmoid colon to expose the left ureter as ...
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Sigmoid Colon resection - Bowel Disorders Message Board - HealthBoardsSigmoid Colon resection - Bowel Disorders Message Board - HealthBoards

I had a sigmoid colon resection 2 years ago. I am starting to get pains in my lower abdomen where I used to get pain during ... Sigmoid Colon resection I had a sigmoid colon resection 2 years ago. I am starting to get pains in my lower abdomen where I ...
more infohttps://www.healthboards.com/boards/bowel-disorders/924615-sigmoid-colon-resection.html

Sigmoid colon cancer presenting as complete prolapse.Sigmoid colon cancer presenting as complete prolapse.

KEY WORDS: Anorectal emergencies, Colon cancer, Rectal prolapse. P... ... Perforation of the cecum resulting from a closed-loop obstruction in a patient with an adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon: a ... Majority of CRC are localized in the rectum (63%) and the sigmoid colon (20%) during pregnancy. Patient concerns: In thisstudy ... Adenocarcinoma of the ascending colon in a 31-year-old pregnant woman: A case report ...
more infohttps://medworm.com/743761335/sigmoid-colon-cancer-presenting-as-complete-prolapse/

Sigmoid colon - WikipediaSigmoid colon - Wikipedia

1: Ascending colon 2: Transverse colon 3: Descending colon 4: Sigmoid colon 5: Rectum Iliac colon, sigmoid or pelvic colon, and ... The sigmoid colon (pelvic colon) is the part of the large intestine that is closest to the rectum and anus. It forms a loop ... The sigmoid colon begins at the superior aperture of the lesser pelvis, where it is continuous with the iliac colon, and passes ... Behind the sigmoid colon are the external iliac vessels, overy, obturator nerve, the left Piriformis, and left sacral plexus of ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sigmoid_colon

Sigmoid colon volvulus - WikipediaSigmoid colon volvulus - Wikipedia

Sigmoid colon volvulus, also known as sigmoid volvulus, is a common cause of bowel obstruction and constipation. It is common ... If viable, it can be fixed to lateral wall of abdomen or pelvis If sigmoid colon is gangrenous, then Hartmanns operation or ... Gingold D, Murrell Z (2012). "Management of Colonic Volvulus". Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 25 (4): 236-244. doi:10.1055/s-0032- ... Scott C Thornton (November 30, 2015). "Sigmoid and Cecal Volvulus". Medscape. Retrieved June 13, 2016. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sigmoid_colon_volvulus

Endometerosis and lesion on my sigmoid colon - Endometriosis Message Board - HealthBoardsEndometerosis and lesion on my sigmoid colon - Endometriosis Message Board - HealthBoards

I am looking for women who have had endo on thier colon? Mine is now caused a lesion and my ... Re: Endometerosis and lesion on my sigmoid colon They took 9 inches of my sigmoid colon, along with the left ovary. I had a ... Re: Endometerosis and lesion on my sigmoid colon Hi - Im in the same boat and have endo on sigmoid colon. Unfortunately, its ... HealthBoards , Women , Endometriosis > Endometerosis and lesion on my sigmoid colon Endometerosis and lesion on my sigmoid ...
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Gastrointestinal Pathology: Colon: Endometriosis of the Sigmoid Colon | Podcasts | Naked ScientistsGastrointestinal Pathology: Colon: Endometriosis of the Sigmoid Colon | Podcasts | Naked Scientists

A barium enema (see photo) showed a stricture in the sigmoid colon. This was resected and she was treated with Danazol. ... Gastrointestinal Pathology: Colon: Endometriosis of the Sigmoid Colon. Gastrointestinal Pathology: Colon: Endometriosis of the ... A barium enema (see photo) showed a stricture in the sigmoid colon. This was resected and she was treated with Danazol. ...
more infohttps://www.thenakedscientists.com/podcasts/video-podcasts/naked-pathology/gastrointestinal-pathology-colon-endometriosis-sigmoid-colon

Hemorrhagic shock caused by sigmoid colon volvulus: an autopsy case.Hemorrhagic shock caused by sigmoid colon volvulus: an autopsy case.

... fatal hemorrhagic shock resulting from the rupture of the involved artery has not been reported as a complication of a sigmoid ... The sigmoid colon was twisted together with the adherent mesentery at the adhesion site. The sigmoid colon and descending colon ... The sigmoid colon and the mesentery were twisted at an adhesion site of a sigmoid colon to an ileum, and the condition was ... The adhesion between the sigmoid colon and an the ileum became an axis of the sigmoid colon volvulus, which was highly fibrous ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Hemorrhagic-shock-caused-by-sigmoid/22129905.html

Sarcoidosis of the Sigmoid Colon | Postgraduate Medical JournalSarcoidosis of the Sigmoid Colon | Postgraduate Medical Journal

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
more infohttp://pmj.bmj.com/content/35/410/689

Sigmoid Colectomy - Sigmoid Colon Removal SurgerySigmoid Colectomy - Sigmoid Colon Removal Surgery

Get the best quote for sigmoid colectomy from the best internationally accredited hospitals at your preferred locations. ... The large intestine comprises of transverse colon, ascending colon, descending colon, and the sigmoid colon. During the colon ... Sigmoid colectomy is a surgical procedure, which is performed to remove the left side of the colon. This is done to treat colon ... Laparoscopic removal of sigmoid colon has many advantages, which includes less postoperative pain, shorten hospital stay, ...
more infohttps://www.tourmyindia.com/medical-tourism/hospital_cat/general-surgery/sigmoid-colectomy/

Complete Mesocolon Excision vs Locoregional Lymphadenectomy in Sigmoid Colon Cancer (CMELL) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials...Complete Mesocolon Excision vs Locoregional Lymphadenectomy in Sigmoid Colon Cancer (CMELL) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials...

Colon cancer located in the right colon, transverse, splenic or non-sigmoid left colon. ... Complete Mesocolon Excision vs Locoregional Lymphadenectomy in Sigmoid Colon Cancer (CMELL) (CMELL). The safety and scientific ... Complete Mesocolon Excision vs Locoregional Lymphadenectomy in Sigmoid Colon Cancer (CMELL). Actual Study Start Date :. ... of patients undergoing laparoscopic sigmoid colon cancer resection. In all patients a lymphadenectomy with a high ligation of ...
more infohttps://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03083951?term=colon+cancer+AND+resection&rank=19

Diverticula in the sigmoid colon - Stock Image C009/6103 - Science Photo LibraryDiverticula in the sigmoid colon - Stock Image C009/6103 - Science Photo Library

A diverticulum is a small pouch in the lining of the colon, common in the elderly, and thought to be linked to a low fibre diet ... Endoscope view of diverticula in the wall of the sigmoid colon (large intestine) in a patient. ... Caption: Endoscope view of diverticula in the wall of the sigmoid colon (large intestine) in a patient. A diverticulum is a ... sigmoid colon, tract, unhealthy, wall Licence fees: A licence fee will be charged for any media (low or high resolution) used ...
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Lipoma of the sigmoid colon - Stock Image M200/0252 - Science Photo LibraryLipoma of the sigmoid colon - Stock Image M200/0252 - Science Photo Library

Here, the tumour is found in the sigmoid colon, in the large intestine. In this case the tumour is typically solitary but large ... Lipoma of the sigmoid colon, gross specimen. A lipoma is a benign tumour (bulbous shape, left) that forms from fat cells. ... Here, the tumour is found in the sigmoid colon, in the large intestine. In this case the tumour is typically solitary but large ... Caption: Lipoma of the sigmoid colon, gross specimen. A lipoma is a benign tumour (bulbous shape, left) that forms from fat ...
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Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum Caused By a Diverticulum of the Sigmoid ColonSpontaneous Hemoperitoneum Caused By a Diverticulum of the Sigmoid Colon

... which create pulsion diverticula on the sigmoid colon [7]. First, the colon consists of a monolayer of inner circular muscle, ... Haemoperitoneum associated with a solitary diverticulum of the sigmoid colon. S Afr Med J. 1961;35:715-6 ... the small diameter of the sigmoid colon causes a high intraluminal pressure. A low-fiber diet, colon segmentation, long transit ... On examining the sigmoid colon, a diverticulum, 10 × 2 × 1 mm in size was found, and the bleeding focus was identified in the ...
more infohttp://www.medsci.org/v08p0467.htm

Mesenteric panniculitis of the sigmoid colon: a case report and review of the literature | SpringerLinkMesenteric panniculitis of the sigmoid colon: a case report and review of the literature | SpringerLink

The aim of this article is to present a case of mesenteric panniculitis of the sigmoid colon and a... ... Introduction Mesenteric panniculitis of the sigmoid colon is a rare occurrence in surgical practice. ... A barium enema showed narrowing of the distal sigmoid colon. Colonoscopy revealed inflammatory changes of the sigmoid colon - ... Wexner SD, Attiyeh FF: Mesenteric panniculitis of the sigmoid colon. Report of two cases. Dis colon Rectum. 1987, 30 (10): 812- ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1752-1947-1-108

Nitric oxide is involved in the relaxant effect of capsaicin in the human sigmoid colon circular muscle | SpringerLinkNitric oxide is involved in the relaxant effect of capsaicin in the human sigmoid colon circular muscle | SpringerLink

... has been studied on mucosa-free circular strips of the human sigmoid colon in vitro. The response of precontracted preparations ... The relaxant effect of capsaicin (300 nM) has been studied on mucosa-free circular strips of the human sigmoid colon in vitro. ... Nitric oxide is involved in the relaxant effect of capsaicin in the human sigmoid colon circular muscle. ... to capsaicin or for a stimulation or inhibition of capsaicin-sensitive receptors by anandamide in the human sigmoid colon. ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00210-002-0630-2

My Sigmoid Colon and Choosing The Right Surgeon   | Cancer Survivors NetworkMy Sigmoid Colon and Choosing The Right Surgeon | Cancer Survivors Network

About a foot of colon is typically removed. They drop the splenic flexture (the upper left corner of colon) so the left-colon ... I had a part of my sigmoid removed. And then was reconnected to function "normally". (I also had part of my right colon removed ... No stoma) With the sigmoid, you may have to retrain muscles to push when you go to the toilet, as that part of the colon does ... My cancer was in the sigmoid colon. I was fortunate to have Stage 1 and not do chemo or have a stoma. However, ever since the ...
more infohttps://csn.cancer.org/node/318303

Mesh Erosion into Sigmoid Colon after Inguinal Hernia RepairMesh Erosion into Sigmoid Colon after Inguinal Hernia Repair

Chinese Medical Journal. 130(9):1133-1134, MAY 05, 2017. DOI: 10.4103/0366-6999.204939 , PMID: 28469114. Issn Print: 0366-6999. Publication Date: May 05, 2017. ...
more infohttps://insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00029330-201705050-00022
  • Several differential diagnoses were considered such as CSD, colonic duplication, and congenital pouch colon with high ARM and the patient was scheduled for surgery due to increasing intolerance of food. (hindawi.com)
  • The main characteristics of CSD of the colon include a single large dilatation of the colon of variable length with an abundant serosal blood vasculature but lacking teniae coli, haustrations, and appendices epiploicae [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The proximal colon was exteriorized and the distal part closed as a Hartmann pouch. (hindawi.com)
  • However, the proximal and distal parts of the colon display a normal caliber with an abrupt transition from the dilatation to the unaffected intestine. (hindawi.com)
  • First, the colon consists of a monolayer of inner circular muscle, which makes its wall weak, as compared to the small intestine that is formed of the inner circular and outer longitudinal muscle layers. (medsci.org)
  • Sigmoid colon cancer presenting as complete prolapse. (medworm.com)
  • KEY WORDS: Anorectal emergencies, Colon cancer, Rectal prolapse. (medworm.com)
  • This is done to treat colon diseases such as colon cancer and also other non-cancerous conditions including diverticular disease and Crohn's disease. (tourmyindia.com)
  • The pre-operative impression was a possible cancer of the sigmoid colon. (springer.com)
  • The pre-operative impression was of a possible cancer of the sigmoid colon although the pre-operative investigations were not conclusive, particularly because no mucosal mass was identified. (springer.com)
  • I have been suffering with bowel disorders mainly spasm in sigmoid colon for the past 15 years, so many times under gone for colonoscopy test,barium anema etc, but nothing was found abnormally doctors used to tell it is IBS. (medhelp.org)
  • Only ten cases of neonatal congenital segmental dilatation (CSD) of the colon have been described so far. (hindawi.com)
  • Congenital segmental dilatation (CSD) of the colon represents a rare congenital malformation most often diagnosed in children beyond the neonatal period. (hindawi.com)
  • This condition is characterized by small pockets of tissue that push out from the colon. (reference.com)
  • It requires one and a half rotation to cause vascular obstruction and gangrene which eventually leads to perforation either at the root or at the summit of the sigmoid loop. (wikipedia.org)
  • CSD of the sigmoid colon is extremely "rare to meet" and a "challenge to treat" in the newborn period, but clinical awareness of this entity prompts pediatric surgical success. (hindawi.com)
  • In this report, we describe an atypical case of a low grade sigmoid volvulus that resulted in death from hemorrhagic shock induced by the rupture of an inferior mesenteric artery branch following non-operative treatment. (biomedsearch.com)
  • They found a lesion in my sigmoid colon, believed to be connected to my right ovary. (healthboards.com)
  • No evidence has been found for an involvement of PPADS-sensitive P 2 purinoceptors in the response to capsaicin or for a stimulation or inhibition of capsaicin-sensitive receptors by anandamide in the human sigmoid colon. (springer.com)
  • The normal architecture of the adipose tissue was lost and was replaced with an irregular nodular mass involving appendices epiploicae of the colon. (springer.com)
  • Histology confirmed a huge segmental dilatation of the sigmoid without dysganglionosis or pseudodiverticula, but normal intestinal architecture. (hindawi.com)