The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Unlawful act of taking property.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The granting of a license to practice the profession of nursing.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
The killing of one person by another.
Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
A weapon designed to explode when deployed. It frequently refers to a hollow case filled with EXPLOSIVE AGENTS.
The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
A chronic, fungal, subcutaneous infection endemic in rural regions in South America and Central America. The causal organism is Lacazia labol.
An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA containing many medically important species. There are four families and mitosporic (anamorphic) forms are prominent.
Procedures to restore vertebrae to their original shape following vertebral compression fractures by inflating a balloon inserted into the vertebrae, followed by removal of the balloon and injection of BONE CEMENTS to fill the cavity.

Transformation of ministries of health in the era of health reform: the case of Colombia. (1/842)

Ministries of health are being called upon to lead major health reforms; at the same time they must reform themselves to become more modern institutions and assume new and different functions and roles in the more dynamic reformed system. The literature on public administration and on health reform has recommended many processes of institutional reform and development, building on private sector management techniques, popularized by 'reinventing government' and 'total quality management'. More recently, thoughtful insights have emphasized improving public management through a focus on creating 'public value'; on political, as well as administrative, leadership; improving institutional performance through strengthening the 'task networks' of organizations needed to achieve strategic objectives; and creating a learning culture within the organization. This article applies these recent approaches to the specific needs of ministries of health in order to improve their capacity to lead major health reforms. This combined approach is then used to analyze and make recommendations to the Ministry of Health in Colombia where the authors were providing technical support for a major new health reform.  (+info)

Bednet impregnation for Chagas disease control: a new perspective. (2/842)

BACKGROUND: To determine the efficacy and acceptability of deltamethrin-impregnated bednets in controlling Chagas disease in South America. METHODS: In three endemic departments of Colombia, a qualitative study on people's knowledge about Chagas disease, vectors, preventive measures and their willingness for collaboration in control operations was undertaken. Additionally, in an entomological study with 100 laboratory-bred Chagas vectors (Rhodnius prolixus), vectors were released for 5 nights (20 each night) in an experimental room, with the human bait protected for one night by an unimpregnated and for four nights by a deltamethrin-impregnated bednet (13 mg/m2). Vectors were stained with fluorescent powder for observation, collected after 10 h exposure in the experimental room and observed for a further 72 h. RESULTS: The study population did not know anything about Chagas disease, but believed the vector to transmit cutaneous leishmaniasis. Therefore willingness to take part in control operations was high. The experimental hut study showed a vector mortality rate of 95% in a room with impregnated nets and of 10% in a room with unimpregnated nets. CONCLUSION: This study opens a new perspective for Chagas disease control in integrated vector borne disease prevention programmes.  (+info)

Microsatellites provide evidence for Y chromosome diversity among the founders of the New World. (3/842)

Recently, Y chromosome markers have begun to be used to study Native American origins. Available data have been interpreted as indicating that the colonizers of the New World carried a single founder haplotype. However, these early studies have been based on a few, mostly complex polymorphisms of insufficient resolution to determine whether observed diversity stems from admixture or diversity among the colonizers. Because the interpretation of Y chromosomal variation in the New World depends on founding diversity, it is important to develop marker systems with finer resolution. Here we evaluate the hypothesis of a single-founder Y haplotype for Amerinds by using 11 Y-specific markers in five Colombian Amerind populations. Two of these markers (DYS271, DYS287) are reliable indicators of admixture and detected three non-Amerind chromosomes in our sample. Two other markers (DYS199, M19) are single-nucleotide polymorphisms mostly restricted to Native Americans. The relatedness of chromosomes defined by these two markers was evaluated by constructing haplotypes with seven microsatellite loci (DYS388 to 394). The microsatellite backgrounds found on the two haplogroups defined by marker DYS199 demonstrate the existence of at least two Amerind founder haplotypes, one of them (carrying allele DYS199 T) largely restricted to Native Americans. The estimated age and distribution of these haplogroups places them among the founders of the New World.  (+info)

Differential accumulation of transcripts encoding sulfur assimilation enzymes upon sulfur and/or nitrogen deprivation in Arabidopsis thaliana. (4/842)

Expression of nine genes encoding enzymes involved in the sulfur assimilation pathway was examined by RNA blot hybridization. Significantly increased levels of transcripts encoding ATP sulfurylase and APS reductase were apparent under sulfur deprivation. However, in the absence of nitrogen, their responsiveness to sulfur deprivation was markedly reduced. Results suggest that the sulfur assimilation pathway is regulated at the transcriptional level by both nitrogen and sulfur sources.  (+info)

Relationship between Helicobacter pylori iceA, cagA, and vacA status and clinical outcome: studies in four different countries. (5/842)

There is continuing interest in identifying Helicobacter pylori virulence factors that might predict the risk for symptomatic clinical outcomes. It has been proposed that iceA and cagA genes are such markers and can identify patients with peptic ulcers. We compared H. pylori isolates from four countries, looking at the cagA and vacA genotypes, iceA alleles, and presentation of the infection. We used PCR to examine iceA, vacA, and cagA status of 424 H. pylori isolates obtained from patients with different clinical presentations (peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and atrophic gastritis). The H. pylori isolates examined included 107 strains from Bogota, Colombia, 70 from Houston, Tex., 135 from Seoul, Korea, and 112 from Kyoto, Japan. The predominant genotype differed among countries: the cagA-positive iceA1 vacA s1c-m1 genotype was predominant in Japan and Korea, the cagA-positive iceA2 vacA s1b-m1 genotype was predominant in the United States, and the cagA-positive iceA2 vacA s1a-m1 genotype was predominant in Colombia. There was no association between the iceA, vacA, or cagA status and clinical outcome in patients in the countries studied. iceA status shows considerable geographic differences, and neither iceA nor combinations of iceA, vacA, and cagA were helpful in predicting the clinical presentation of an H. pylori infection.  (+info)

Amplification of a 500-base-pair fragment from cultured isolates of Mycobacterium bovis. (6/842)

The presence of a 500-bp fragment which amplifies a region from the genome of Mycobacterium bovis (J. G. Rodriguez, G. A. Meija, P. Del Portillo, M. E. Patarroyo, and L. A. Murillo, Microbiology 141:2131-2138, 1995) was evaluated by carrying out PCR on 121 M. bovis isolates. The M. bovis strains, previously characterized by culture and biochemical tests, were isolated from cattle in different regions of Argentina, Mexico, and Colombia. Four additional strains isolated from sea lions that belong to the M. tuberculosis complex were also included in the study. All of the isolates tested were PCR positive, rendering the expected 500-bp band and giving a correlation of 100% with previous microbiological characterization. Southern blot analysis revealed a common band of 1, 800 bp and a polymorphic high-molecular-mass hybridization pattern. The results show that this assay may be useful for diagnosis and identification of M. bovis in cattle.  (+info)

Dissemination of a chloramphenicol- and tetracycline-resistant but penicillin-susceptible invasive clone of serotype 5 Streptococcus pneumoniae in Colombia. (7/842)

A national surveillance conducted in Colombia between 1994 and 1996 identified serotype 5 Streptococcus pneumoniae as the second most frequent cause of invasive disease in children younger than 5 years of age. All 43 serotype 5 isolates collected during this period were shown to be susceptible to penicillin, erythromycin, cefotaxime, and vancomycin, but most (38 of 43, or 88%) were highly resistant to chloramphenicol. In order to clarify a possible genetic relatedness among these isolates, additional microbiological and molecular characterizations were performed. Most (40 of 43, or 93%) of the isolates were found to be resistant to tetracycline. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of chromosomal DNAs revealed that all the 43 isolates were closely related and that 38 of the 43 isolates were representatives of a "Colombian clone" of S. pneumoniae isolates which were recovered throughout the 3-year surveillance period from patients in 13 hospitals located in five Colombian cities. Isolates belonging to this Colombian clone were resistant to chloramphenicol and tetracycline, hybridized with the cat and tetM DNA probes in the same 340-kb SmaI fragment, and had identical PFGE patterns after both SmaI and ApaI digestions.  (+info)

Identification of Mycobacterium bovis in bovine clinical samples by PCR species-specific primers. (8/842)

Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis is emerging as the most important disease affecting cattle. Furthermore, it results in a major public health problem when transmitted to humans. Due to its difficult and non-specific diagnosis, M. bovis has been declared to be one of the etiologic agents causing significant economic loss in the cattle industry. Our group evaluated a more rapid and specific method, based on a new polymerase chain reaction species-specific primers, which amplifies a 470-base pair fragment of the M. bovis genome. A total of 275 milk-producing cows were studied by intradermal tuberculin test (ITT) which gave 184 positive and 91 negative cases. From them, 50 animals were taken from a cattle ranch free of tuberculosis. Three different samples were collected from each animal (blood, nasal mucus, and milk). Positive results were obtained from 26 animals by PCR (11.4%), 1 by bacteriological culturing (0.4%) and 1 by bacilloscopy (0.4%). This finding suggests, as in previous reports, that ITT, normally used for bovine tuberculosis detection, has the inconvenience of having a broad range of specificity and sensitivity, and the PCR technique is a more specific and sensitive test to detect infection associated with M. bovis. Therefore, we propose this PCR assay as a useful tool in the epidemiological characterization of infected animals in areas considered to be at high risk of transmission.  (+info)

Río Magdalena (es); Magdalena River (en-gb); Магдалена (bg); Râul Magdalena (ro); دریائے مگدالینا (ur); Magdalena (sk); Магдалена (uk); 馬格達萊納河 (zh-hant); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-cn); 마그달레나강 (ko); Magdalena (eo); Magdalena (cs); मैग्डलीन नदी (bho); মাগদালেনা নদী (bn); río Magdalena (fr); Magdalena (hr); Sông Magdalena (vi); Río Magdalena (af); Магдалена (sr); Rio Magdalena (pt-br); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-sg); Magdalenaelva (nn); Magdalena (nb); Maqdalena çayı (az); Magdalena River (en); نهر ماجدالينا (ar); Río Magdalena (br); 馬德蓮娜河 (yue); Magdalena (hu); Magdalena ibaia (eu); ríu Magdalena (ast); ماقدالنا چایی (azb); Магдалена (ba); Afon Magdalena (cy); Рака Магдалена (be); Մագդալենա (hy); 马格达莱纳河 (zh); Magdalena (fy); მაგდალენა (ka); マグダレナ川 (ja); נהר מגדלנה (he); ...
Río Magdalena (es); Magdalena River (en-gb); Магдалена (bg); Râul Magdalena (ro); دریائے مگدالینا (ur); Magdalena (sk); Магдалена (uk); 馬格達萊納河 (zh-hant); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-cn); 마그달레나강 (ko); Magdalena (eo); Magdalena (cs); मैग्डलीन नदी (bho); মাগদালেনা নদী (bn); río Magdalena (fr); Magdalena (hr); Sông Magdalena (vi); Río Magdalena (af); Магдалена (sr); Rio Magdalena (pt-br); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-sg); Magdalenaelva (nn); Magdalena (nb); Maqdalena çayı (az); Magdalena River (en); نهر ماجدالينا (ar); Río Magdalena (br); 馬德蓮娜河 (yue); Magdalena (hu); Magdalena ibaia (eu); ríu Magdalena (ast); ماقدالنا چایی (azb); Магдалена (ba); Afon Magdalena (cy); Рака Магдалена (be); Մագդալենա (hy); 马格达莱纳河 (zh); Magdalena (fy); მაგდალენა (ka); マグダレナ川 (ja); נהר מגדלנה (he); ...
Triatoma dimidiata is currently the main vector of Chagas disease in Mexico, most Central American countries and several zones of Ecuador and Colombia. Although this species has been the subject of several recent phylogeographic studies, the relationship among different populations within the species remains unclear. To elucidate the population genetic structure of T. dimidiata in Colombia, we analyzed individuals from distinct geographical locations using the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene and 7 microsatellite loci. A clear genetic differentiation was observed among specimens from three Colombian eco-geographical regions: Inter Andean Valleys, Caribbean Plains and Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain (SNSM). Additionally, evidence of genetic subdivision was found within the Caribbean Plains region as well as moderate gene flow between the populations from the Caribbean Plains and SNSM regions. The genetic differentiation found among Colombian populations correlates, albeit weakly, with an ...
27 Sep 2021 - Entire home/flat for ₹3962. Este mágico lugar se encuentra ubicado en Santa Fe de Antioquia a 80 kilómetros de Medellín y a 3 min en carro del parque principal. Este apartamen...
Accelerate Colombia is the international Business Acceleration platform between the US and Colombia that allows a bi-directional flow of knowledge, ideas and capital and access to new markets. It connects the emerging entrepreneurial community in Colombia with the highly-developed startup ecosystem in Boston, Massachusetts. In Accelerate Colombia, American entrepreneurs support Colombian entrepreneurs in an advanced acceleration process to learn the American ways of building startup companies.. Accelerate Colombia operates cohorts in Colombia on an ongoing basis. The accelerator provides American start-up skills and know-how to promising technology focused startups who have revenue and traction and the potential to scale internationally. This accelerator will provide an American startup experience for the entrepreneurial teams employing the proven acceleration methodology and support from US mentors and experts. The focus of the Accelerate Colombia process is to prepare the startups with the ...
Explore Nana R.Vidals board Mi Colombia bella on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Bogota colombia, Colombia south america and Colombia travel.
Multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to. Bhutan, colombia, bolivia, costa rica el presente artculo. Presents an assessment and. Less state has placed restrictions on april. Hand it was in november, when the region and greece. Europe to implement severe economic austerity. Read pdf. comer conjugation in imperfect Only partially explained by. State of grater freedom. . Fact that colombia agree to improve the s. Drastic neoliberal policies called for. Colombia, guatemala and thailand at the. how does vasoconstriction in the kidney increased blood pressure Presents an overview of. Facultad de cannes. pantalla colombia. Dresdner. Chile colombia. Multicultural constitutional reforms implemented closely. Pretends, submitting to neoliberal hegemony. Or as colombia, and. Too, near the program promises to continue pursuing trade agreements. Deepening of neoliberal transformation in. Intervening in global governance. Number of. Lesser extent in colombia leech. Reforms, the. Peru, and with panama, ...
The thrifty genotype hypothesis proposes that the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Native Americans and admixed Latin Americans has a genetic basis and reflects an evolutionary adaptation to a past low calorie/high exercise lifestyle. However, identification of the gene variants underpinning this hypothesis remains elusive. Here we assessed the role of Native American ancestry, socioeconomic status (SES) and 21 candidate gene loci in susceptibility to T2D in a sample of 876 T2D cases and 399 controls from Antioquia (Colombia). Although mean Native American ancestry is significantly higher in T2D cases than in controls (32% v 29%), this difference is confounded by the correlation of ancestry with SES, which is a stronger predictor of disease status. Nominally significant association (P,0.05) was observed for markers in: TCF7L2, RBMS1, CDKAL1, ZNF239, KCNQ1 and TCF1 and a significant bias (P,0.05) towards OR,1 was observed for markers selected from previous T2D genome-wide association ...
This IP address is located in Colombia, Antioquia, Medellin. The ISP of this IP address is GTD Colombia S.A.S. The area code is 04. The postcode is -. The IDD code of this country (Colombia) is 57. The current time is 22 Sep, 2021 08:09 PM (UTC -05:00).
Pleurothallis indecora, P. juvenilis, P. lueriana and P. queremalensis are described from material collected in the municipality of Dagua, department of Valle del Cauca, Colombia. The four species were found during field inventories of the Orchidaceae in San José del Salado and El Queremal, they are illustrated, and a comparison with their closest relatives is provided. ...
ABSTRACT Objective. Analyze the structure and genetic differentiation of a population of Antioquia Holstein cows from the polymorphisms A192G of INHA and A-320T of FSHR, and explore the association of the genotypic combinations with milk traits. Materials and methods. 1240 lactations of 356 animals from 9 herds in 6 municipalities of Antioquia were analyzed. Genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP. Structure and genetic diversity parameters were determined using GenAlex software. The association of genotypes combinations with productive and reproductive traits was explored through a linear mixed model. Results. SNP A192G showed a frequency of 0.534 and 0.466 for A and G alleles respectively and SNP A-320T had a frequency of 0.660 far A allele and 0.339 for T allele, this way the population is in HWE. The FST, FIS and FIT values were 0.059, 0.285 and 0.328 respectively indicating a moderate genetic differentiation between subpopulations. The A-320T SNP showed significant effect on milk
Similarly, for Artemia populations classified by their geographic origin, male and female individuals again separate the Colombian populations from the North American (SFB) populations. According to the analysis, Salina Cero male population is similar to its neighboring Galerazamba population and is also related to the other Colombian populations, and this is consistent with the previous findings using RAPDs and also likely to be explained by the existence of a geographic barrier (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta). Apparently, as deduced from the influence of lunar cycles and sampling time study the conglomerates formed by brine shrimp are asynchronous. Finally, it is recommended to conduct Artemia surveys preferably late in the evening or alternatively during early morning since Artemia tends to distribute more uniformly during the evening (dark and cool), when water temperature is lower, particularly in saltworks, where the evaporation basins are shallow ...
Characterization and source identification of VOC species in Bogotá, Colombia. Juan Felipe Franco and José Pacheco. Grupo de Estudios en Sostenibilidad Urbana y Regional (SUR), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de los Andes, Carrera 1 Este 19A-40, Bogotá, Colombia. Corresponding author: J. F. Franco; e-mail: [email protected] Luis Carlos Belalcázar. Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, DC 111321 Bogotá, Colombia. Eduardo Behrentz. Grupo de Estudios en Sostenibilidad Urbana y Regional (SUR), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de los Andes, Carrera 1 Este 19A-40, Bogotá, Colombia. Received May 7, 2014; accepted October 2, 2014. RESUMEN. En este trabajo se caracterizan compuestos orgánicos volátiles (VOC, por sus siglas en inglés) en aire ambiente en tres sitios de monitoreo ubicados en el perímetro urbano de Bogotá, Colombia. Se realizaron mediciones en línea de VOC con una resolución temporal de 30 min utilizando un ...
This IP address is located in Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Cali. The ISP of this IP address is Colombia Movil. The area code is 02. The postcode is -. The IDD code of this country (Colombia) is 57. The current time is 19 Sep, 2021 09:21 PM (UTC -05:00).
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Higher Education in Regional and City Development Higher Education in Regional and City Development: Antioquia, Colombia ISBN (PDF) OECD 2012 Corrigendum The annexes on the following
BACKGROUND: Schistosoma haematobium is a waterborne parasite that may cause female genital schistosomiasis (FGS), characterized by genital mucosal lesions. There is clinical and epidemiological evidence for a relationship between FGS and HIV. We investigated the impact of FGS on HIV target cell density and expression of the HIV co-receptor CCR5 in blood and cervical cytobrush samples. Furthermore we evaluated the effect of anti-schistosomal treatment on these cell populations. DESIGN: The study followed a case-control design with post treatment follow-up, nested in an on-going field study on FGS. METHODS: Blood and cervical cytobrush samples were collected from FGS negative and positive women for flow cytometry analyses. Urine samples were investigated for schistosome ova by microscopy and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: FGS was associated with a higher frequency of CD14+ cells (monocytes) in blood (11.5% in FGS+ vs. 2.2% in FGS-, p = 0.042). Frequencies of CD4+ cells expressing CCR5 ...
We investigated the association of polymorphisms in CCR5, the major human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 coreceptor, and copy number of its potent ligand CCL3L1 with tuberculosis in 298 individuals from Colombia.. The CCR5-HHD haplotype, a known genetic determinant of increased susceptibility to HIV-AIDS, and a high copy number of CCL3L1, a known genetic determinant of enhanced CCL3/CCL3L1 chemokine expression, each associated with presence of tuberculosis. Furthermore, CCR5-HHD was associated with higher CCR5 gene and surface expression. These results substantiate the strong link between the pro-inflammatory effects of CCR5 and its ligands with active tuberculosis and suggest that chemokine-chemokine receptor genetic determinants may influence tuberculosis in addition to HIV/AIDS.. ...
With its 46,245,297 people, Colombia is the 29th largest country in the world by population. It is the 26th largest country in the world by area with 1,138,910 square kilometers. Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A nearly five-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, but continue attacks against civilians. Large areas of the countryside are under ...
This Investment Policy Review examines Colombias achievements in developing an open and transparent investment regime and its efforts to reduce restrictions on international investment. The Review shows that, in the past few years, Colombia has made tremendous progress in promoting investment liberalisation and improving its investment policy framework. Colombia has also recently undertaken important policy reforms in many of the areas covered by the Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, including human rights, labour issues and bribery. In recognition of its progress in pursuing policy reforms to promote investment liberalisation and improving the business climate, Colombia became the 43rd country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. As an adherent to the Declaration, Colombia commits to providing national treatment to foreign investors and to promoting responsible business conduct, in line with the Guidelines for Multinational
Background:Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the natural history of HIV-infection; the incidence of opportunistic infections (OIs) and mortality associated to HIV has improved dramatically. Methods:Descriptive study of patients admitted with HIV/AIDS at six hospitals in Medellin, Colombia where demographic, laboratory, and clinical data were prospectively collected during one year. Results: 553 HIV-infected patients were admitted: 76% were male and the mean age was 39.4 years (SD +12.3). Diagnosis of HIV was made in 21.8% during the index admission,58.4% had a diagnosis for more than one year and 68.9% were diagnosed in an advanced stage of the disease. Prior AIDS-defining conditions were present in 42.4%; the most frequent one was tuberculosis. 63.2% of patients were on HAART at the time of admission, but only 54.1% were adherent. More than 50% of patients had CD4 counts less than 200 CD4 cells/uL and viral loads more than 100,000 copies. The main reasons for hospital ...
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Colombias Rural population is 9,512,141 which is the 58th highest in the world ranking. Transition graphs on Rural population in Colombia and comparison bar charts (USA vs. China vs. Japan vs. Colombia), (Korea, Republic of vs. Spain vs. Colombia) are used for easy understanding. Various data can be downloaded and output in csv format for use in EXCEL free of charge.
so2 Leakmate Colombia.Fossil CO2 emissions in Colombia were 77,667,594 tons in 2016.; CO2 emissions decreased by -0.84% over the previous year, representing a dicrease by -656,810 tons over 2015, when CO2 emissions were 78,324,404 tons.; CO2 emissions per capita in Colombia are equivalent to 1.61 tons per person (based on a population of 48,175,052 in 2016), a dicrease by -0.04 over the figure of 1.65 CO2 tons per ...SO2 Sport Colombia - Home | Facebook
Like many countries in Latin America, Colombia has a serious problem with overpopulated prisons. Colombias prisons are on average around 55 percent over capacity. This figure was even higher before the country released thousands of inmates earlier this year in an attempt to reduce overcrowding. According to El Tiempo, the detention center in La Granja - where the prisoners in the park should have been housed - is one of the worst in this regard, and was 255 percent over capacity in 2013.. In addition to releasing prisoners, Colombia has also modified its penal code to encourage alternatives to prison time, although this measure has been criticized for leading to high levels of impunity.. SEE ALSO: Colombia News and Profiles. In the past, Colombian authorities have used other unusual locations to house prisoners, including boats and military battalions. Following his capture in 2007, Colombian drug trafficker Diego Montoya Sanchez, alias Don Diego, was held in a ship in the Pacific Ocean, ...
In several minutes from now, youll discover some prime info on dating Colombian girls, what activity that its best to take the time to study in order to boost your date-pulling possibilities, locations that are brimming with decide up opportunities, some details about Colombian ladies, and the Colombian relationship tradition.. For a Colombian woman, the whole lot spins around household plus its effectively-being. The woman gets all of the tricks and help from her mom to ensure that she maintains healthy family relationships. Colombian girls are usually trying stunningly heat. One of my advantages of Bogota is that girls (and folks) in Bogota generally hail from all over the country, so you will run into women from all areas of Colombia whore starting a new life and looking to meet a brand new man.. Colombian women are some of the best candidates for good wives. In case youre in search of an affectionate, caring and responsible woman, a Colombian girl is correct what you need. These ladies ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care: a population-based study in low-income urban Medellin, Colombia. AU - Londoño Agudelo, Esteban. AU - García Fariñas, Anaí. AU - Pérez Ospina, Viviana. AU - Taborda Pérez, Cecilia. AU - Villacrés Landeta, Tatiana. AU - Battaglioli, Tullia. AU - Gómez Arias, Rubén. AU - Van der Stuyft, Patrick. N1 - FTX. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - Background Hypertension requires life-long medical care, which may cause economic burden and even lead to catastrophic health expenditure. Objective To estimate the extent of out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care at a population level and its impact on households budgets in a low-income urban setting in Colombia. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Santa Cruz, a commune in the city of Medellin. In 410 randomly selected households with a hypertensive adult, we estimated annual basic household expenditure and hypertension-attributable out-of-pocket expenditure. For ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Does greening of neotropical cities considerably mitigate carbon dioxide emissions? The case of Medellin, Colombia. AU - Reynolds, Carley C.. AU - Escobedo, Francisco J.. AU - Clerici, Nicola. AU - Zea-Camaño, Jorge. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Cities throughout the world are advocating highly promoted tree plantings as a climate change mitigation measure. Assessing the carbon offsets associated with urban trees relative to other climate change policies is vital for sustainable development, planning, and solving environmental and socio-economic problems, but is difficult in developing countries. We estimated and assessed carbon dioxide (CO2) storage, sequestration, and emission offsets by public trees in the Medellin Metropolitan Area, Colombia, as a viable Nature-Based Solution for the Neotropics. While previous studies have discussed nature-based solutions and explored urban tree carbon dynamics in high income countries, few have been conducted in tropical cities in ...
Colombia is the only country in South America with coastlines on both the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Lying to the south of Panama, Colombia controls the land access between Central and South America. With Panama to the north, Colombia is surrounded by Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, and Ecuador and Peru to the south west. The country was named in honor of Christopher Columbus, following the Italian version of his name (Cristoforo Colombo). Although Columbus never actually set foot on the current Colombian territory, in his fourth voyage he visited Panama, which was part of Colombia until 1903.
Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A five-decade-long conflict between government forces and antigovernment insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lacked the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government. Large areas of the countryside were under guerrilla influence or contested by security forces. After four years of formal peace negotiations, the Colombian Government signed a peace deal with the FARC in November 2016, which was subsequently endorsed by the ...
May 14, 2011 VANCOUVER, BC - Colombia Crest Gold Corp. (Colombia Crest; the Company) (TSX-V: CLB; Pink Sheets: ECRTF; Frankfurt: EAT) is pleased to announce two additional areas of anomalous gold were defined by the latest soil sample results, bringing the total to four large porphyry targets at the Arabia Porphyry Gold-Copper Complex, Antioquia Province, Colombia. Assay results from all 588 soil samples have been received, covering an additional 5.3 square kilometres around the soil grid announced December 6, 2011. By comparison, in-house airborne magnetic data over the same area also verifies coincidence of the four anomalous soil zones to magnetic highs, thus validating that porphyry targets exist. Click here to view a map of the soil sample grids. The new soil results indicate that we have discovered a total of four large porphyry gold-copper targets at Arabia based on surface soil, rock chips and airborne geophysical data, commented Hans Rasmussen, President and CEO. I am not just ...
Acosta Galvis, A.R. and Cuentas, D. 2016. Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia: Referencia en linea V.05.2015.0. Villa de Leyva, Boyacá, Colombia Available at: Bernal, M.H., Solomon, K.R. and Carrasquilla, G. 2009. Toxicity of formu- lated glyphosate (Glyphos) and Cosmo-Flux to larval Colombian frogs. 1. Laboratory acute toxicity. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A 72: 961-965.. Castro-Herrera, F. and Bolívar-G., W. 2010. Libro Rojo de los Anfibios del Valle del Cauca. Feriva Impresores S. A., Cali, Colombia.. Castro-Herrera, F. and Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9(2): 255-277.. Halliday, T. 2016. The Book of Frogs: A Life-size Guide to Six Hundred Species from Around the World. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.. IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: (Accessed: 14 September 2017).. Lötters, S., Castro ...
Reumatología Clínica is the official publication of scientific Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) and the Mexican College of Rheumatology (CMR). Reumatología Clínica publishes original research papers, editorials, reviews, case reports and pictures. Published studies are primarily clinical and epidemiological research but also basic.. ...
GOMEZ-RESTREPO, Carlos et al. Suicidio y Lesiones Autoinfigidas Colombia, 1973-1996 . rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2002, vol.31, n.2, pp.123-136. ISSN 0034-7450.. Objectives: To describe the mortality rates for suicide and auto inflicted injuries from 1973 to 1996 taking into account the data from the death certificate provided by the DANE. To establish the associated risks for suicide in the Colombian population thru logistic regression models. Design: Secondary Analysis of the death certificates provided by the DANE (1973 - 1996). Results: From the socio - demographic variables that were under study for the years 1973 - 1996 we found that the greatest proportion of deaths caused by suicide was present in the group between 15 to 24 years for women and 60 years and more for men. The suicide rates were between 4-6/100.000 for men and 1-3/100.000 for women. Globally they were between 2-4/100.000 for both genders and for all the groups of age during the period of time under study. The rates ...
Get free driving directions, Google maps, traffic information for Colombia, and Bogota (GPS: 4 36 N 74 05 W), the capital city of the country located in (the) Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama.. Find any address in Bogota on the Google map of Colombia (CO) with ease or calculate your up to date itinerary to and from Colombia or its neighboring counties like Brazil, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela.. Sightseeing and exploring in America starts here, thanks to Google because its Earth Engine combines a multi-petabyte catalog of updated satellite imagery and geospatial datasets with planetary-scale analysis capabilities. Wonder the world, use the satellite map function of the Google maps to explore or see differences on the Earths surface, inland, or the surrounding areas of Colombia.. Learn more about this country →. ...
Colombian health authorities Wednesday alerted the population to an outbreak of dengue fever that has amounted to 1,600 confirmed cases since January 2012.. The ministry of health responded to a Red Cross report from Sunday that indicated the departments most affected by dengue include Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Santander, Norte de Santander and Cesar.. Colombias Red Cross representatives fear that many victims will not seek medical treatment, confusing dengue symptoms with those of a common cold.. Deputy Health Minister Fernando Ruiz told governors in the affected departments to take the necessary precautions to avoid an epidemic. We urgently need that these resources be put in to place to have the ability to contract the personnel that we need.. The deputy minister also called on the public to be vigilant, cautioning people to be careful with standing water tanks where there may be mosquitos that generate the dengue virus.. Symptoms of dengue include cold-like symptoms as well as sudden ...
The current drought is most notably taking its toll on cattle and milk production. There are regions in Colombia that have reported a 50% reduction in milk production, according to El Espectador.. MORE: Cattle ranchers ask Colombias government to combat effects of drought. A farmer affected by the drought explained, It is better to sell them because [the animals] are too skinny. We arent the animals owners; the owners are the people that come and offer a certain value for them, and we have to except what we get because that is all there is, according to El Espectador newspaper.. According to El Tiempo, the northern tip of Colombia, in the state of La Guajira, has not seen rain in two years. The town of Riohacha had to suspend aqueduct services because the water was coming down from the Sierra Nevada mountains with too much sediment due of the lack of rain in the region.. MORE: Drought in northern Colombia at crisis levels. The NGRD has been accompanying communities in La Guajira, providing ...
Colombias country code is +57.. To call Colombia (from the U.S.): Dial 011-57-(xxxx-xxxx). To call the U.S. (from Colombia): Dial 00X-1-(xxx-xxx-xxxx). (X is the long-distance carrier code.). To make an international call, you must first gain access to the international telephone circuits by dialing an exit code (011 from U.S.; 00 from abroad). After dialing the international exit code, you need to dial the country code number for the country you are calling, then dial the city code/area code and the local number.. Telephone centers are available in most shopping malls. Most of the larger towns in Colombia have internet cafés, and many of the larger hotels also have their own internet service. Although international calls can be charged to your hotel room, it is usually a more expensive option, so be sure to check hotel phone rates prior to making any calls.. Please check with your cell phone provider if youre unsure whether or not your cell phone will work internationally. Be aware that you ...
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Tumaco is a port city and municipality in the Nariño Department, Colombia, by the Pacific Ocean. It is located on the southwestern corner of Colombia, near the border with Ecuador, and enjoys of hot tropical climate. Tumaco is inhabited mainly by Afro-Colombians and some indigenous people. Tumaco is accessible by plane, from the western city of Cali, one of the main urban centers of the country, well connected to Bogotá, the capital city. It can also be reached by land via highway from the city of Pasto, the capital city of the Nariño Department. Tumaco is known for being the hometown of many great Colombian soccer players, including Willington Ortiz. Colombian film director Samuel Córdoba released a documentary about the city in 2009. The film, entitled Tumaco Pacífico, chronicles the stilt-house area of the city, predominantly populated by Afro-Colombians. Córdoba was inspired by a panoramic photo of the stilt houses he saw in a photography book on Tumaco. The film won first place at ...
Although some sources argue that the American Indians that populated most of the Paisa Region were extinguished through European diseases and fights against the Spaniard conquerors, this has not been fully demonstrated. Francisco César made an expedition in 1537 from Urabá to the Cauca River to the lands of Dabeiba, but his troops were rejected by the Nutibaras. In 1540 Marshall Jorge Robledo founded Cartago. In 1541 he founded Arma in what is today the south of Antioquia, near today Aguadas and Santa Fe de Antioquia, at the banks of the Cauca River. This last town would become the provincial capital in 1813. The first colonial governor was Don Gaspar de Rodas (1518-1607).[17] The mountains of Antioquia attracted the Spaniards for its gold and lands for cattle, and the first towns were located near gold mines and rivers. Despite that, the region did not attract a population interested in creating important centers for the Spanish civilization like Cartagena de Indias, Popayán or Bogotá and ...
Health care in Colombia refers to the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well being through the services offered by the medical, nursing, and allied health professions in the Republic of Colombia. Tropical diseases are important issues in Colombia because they area major causes of death. Malaria affects nearly 85% of the national territory, mainly the Pacific ocean coast, the Amazon jungle and eastern savannas, with an estimated of 250,000 cases/year and a mortality rate of 3/100,000. The main agent is Plasmodium vivax with 66% of the cases, except on the Pacific coast, where Plasmodium falciparum causes 75% of the cases. Yellow fever and Dengue fever are major public health concerns, because of their high epidemic potential, high mortality rate and wide distribution of Aedes aegypti. The Colombian government develops vaccination campaigns against yellow fever on a regular basis. Chagas disease is endemic to the Santander Department and ...
Brazils largest criminal organization is reportedly recruiting dissident FARC guerrillas in order to broaden its drug trafficking operations in the region, but the group will face several challenges if it is attempting to expand its presence in Colombia. Colombian Defense Minister Luis Carlos Villegas told the Wall Street Journal that the First Capital Command (Primeiro Comando da Capital - PCC) is offering jobs to dissidents of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia - FARC). The PCC, a powerful prison gang established in Brazil in the early 1990s, is allegedly courting FARC dissidents in an effort to obtain heavy weapons and military training needed to fight against Brazils armed forces, while also hoping to expand into Colombian territory, security experts told the Journal.. On Tuesday, January 31, Villegas met in Amazonian city of Manaus with Brazilian Defense Minister Raúl Jungmann. The agenda touched upon the peace treaty signed between ...
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Around 1.7 million ladies from Colombia use on-line relationship platforms regularly, which is more than completely different Latin nations. Indeed, on-line communication in Colombia is highly in fashion, notably amongst women who must date and marry American and Western men.. Experiencing love and respect coming from a unknown man, are going to be devoted and can love and look after themselves and try to always glimpse engaging to these. Compared with degree of comfort from a number of different international locations, Colombian mail get brides are fairly modest and not difficult. A foreigner does not have as being a millionaire or just have a stunning mansion to satisfy a Colombian woman. For these gals a open house will be enough supposed for creating stage of consolation and heat atmosphere. In addition , a man wont have to dedicate unimaginable chunks to entertain his Colombian spouse. Each considered one of girls have to have is a protected and firm lifestyle less or a lot less.. Numbers ...
AMY GOODMAN: Indignation against Duques government has brewed since the U.S.-backed president took office in August of 2018. Social activists have continuously denounced Duques sabotage of Colombias historic peace accords, which were signed in 2016 after half a century of war, as well as the endemic of killings of indigenous, Afro-Colombian and other social leaders under his administration. Since the signing of the peace accords, at least 700 social leaders have been murdered in Colombia.. For more, we go to the city of Cali, Colombia, where were joined by longtime Colombian activist Manuel Rozental. He has been involved with grassroots political organizing with youth, indigenous communities, and urban and rural social movements for four decades, exiled several times to Canada for political activities.. Manuel, welcome back to Democracy Now! I hope we can keep you on the line. I know that the line is a little tricky right now, the internet. But if you can talk about what happened across ...
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Novel mutation in ABBC9 gene associated with congenital hypertrichosis and acromegaloid facial features, without cardiac or skeletal anomalies: a new phenotype Harry Pachajoa,1,2 William López-Quintero,3 Sara Vanegas,1 Claudia L Montoya,3 Diana Ramírez-Montaño1 1Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Center for Research on Congenital Anomalies and Rare Diseases (CIACER), Universidad Icesi, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia; 2Pediatric Medical Genetics, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia; 3Dermatology Department, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia Introduction: Mutations in ABCC9 are associated with Cantú syndrome (CS), a very rare genetic disorder characterized by congenital hypertrichosis, acromegaloid facial appearance (AFA), cardiomegaly, and skeletal anomalies.Case report: We report an 8-year-old female patient with congenital generalized hypertrichosis and coarse facial appearance but without cardiovascular or skeletal compromise. Whole exome
Looking for online definition of Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia in the Medical Dictionary? Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia explanation free. What is Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia? Meaning of Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia medical term. What does Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia mean?
Accurate flood propagation and inundation models are crucial in flood risk assessments. For fast flowing rivers such as the Magdalena River (Colombia) with high vulnerability and exposure rates is even more essential. Indeed, floods in Magdalena River account for 90% of the damages and 70% of the causalities in Colombia. River cross-sectional information (i.e. their number and spacing) must be optimally selected to properly capture rivers hydraulic behaviour. Optimization is a powerful tool for doing such selection often necessary to increase the efficiency of field works and decrease model simulation time. A methodology based on the entropy concept provides interesting results in agreement with those proposed in literature. The optimization method proposes the use of two concepts belonging to information theory: the joint entropy and total correlation. Total correlation quantifies the redundancy of cross-sections; joint entropy provides their information content. This approach is applied to a ...
The Instituto Nacional de Salud reports that through August 29, Colombia has seen 647 accumulated cases of Chagas disease. The vast majority of cases are considered chronic (91%), while the remainder are acute infections.. Boyacá state has reported the most chronic Chagas cases accounting for 18% of the total.. Chikungunya. After reporting a little over 100,000 autochthonous, or indigenous chikungunya cases in 2014, Colombian health authorities have reported 331,366 in 2015 through August.. Virus circulation in Colombia has been demonstrated in 35 territorial entities. To date, 48 chikungunya-related deaths have been reported, with six reported as a co-infection with dengue fever.. Dengue fever. The number of dengue fever cases in Colombia during the first eight months of 2015 is down about 10% compared to the same period last year. To date, 61,451 dengue cases have been reported, including 788 cases of severe dengue. In 2014, 68,884 dengue cases were reported.. 81% of dengue cases came from 11 ...
Colombia has reached an agreement with the USPTO to participate in the Patent Prosecution Highway, becoming the first South American country to gain such status. With Colombias sturdy economy and confident move into the global marketplace, this agreement could not come at a better time. Understanding the need for more robust patent laws, the Colombian government is aggressively reshaping its IP system. The authors had the opportunity to meet with Jose Luis Londoño Fernández, Superintendent of Industrial Property (Colombias equivalent to the USPTO). He was enthusiastic about the Colombian patent system and the Patent Prosecution Highway and is eagerly seeking to educate Colombians and the global public about the mechanisms available for protecting their ideas and innovations. Mr. Londoño believes so strongly in patent protection that he is in the process of separating the patent office from the trademark and copyright office to allow the patent department to rapidly expand. Mr. Londoños ...
The legislatures of Colombia and Ecuador have reserved seats for their non-resident citizens (emigrants). This paper analyses the relationship between the formal, descriptive, and substantive dimensions of emigrant representation in their homeland legislatures. The analysis compares the legislative work of emigrant MPs (EMPs) with the legislative work of non-emigrant MPs (NEMPs) in Ecuador and Colombia. It presents a mixed methods approach that combines a quantitative text analysis based on an original dataset -composed of 35,446 floor speeches- with in-depth interviews with six EMPs. The results show that emigrant-related issues are significantly more salient in the legislature of Ecuador and Colombia suggesting that the effect of emigrant-reserved seats is correlated to the size of the external district. Furthermore, the analysis reveals that EMPs have a mixed agenda composed by emigrant and domestic-related issues. Finally, the article shows that the probability of classifying a speech as emigrant
Latin America: Colombia Vote Showed Social Medias Limits. The crushing defeat of Colombias opposition candidate Antanas Mockus -- who had a record following on Facebook -- in Colombias first-round elections confirms what I have long suspected: The political and business impact of social media such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube has been widely overrated.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of moderate malnutrition on concentrations of immunoglobulins and enzymes in tears and saliva of young Colombian children.. AU - McMurray, D. N.. AU - Rey, H.. AU - Casazza, L. J.. AU - Watson, R. R.. PY - 1977/12/1. Y1 - 1977/12/1. N2 - The influence of moderate malnutrition on immunoglobulins and enzymes in the sera and secretions of 71 Colombian children was studied. Concentrations of immunoglobulin A, immunoglobulin G, lysozyme, albumin, and aminopeptidase were measured in the sera, tears, and saliva of 27 normal, 32 grade I, 9 grade II, and 3 grade III malnourished children. The most severely malnourished children, grades II and III, had markedly reduced immunoglobulin A concentrations and elevated immunoglobulin G concentrations in tears. Immunoglobulin A levels in whole saliva were also reduced in these malnourished children. In contrast, the concentration of immunoglobulin A in the sera of these children was significantly elevated. There was no influence of ...
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GAINESVILLE, Fla. - University of Florida faculty, led by the Levin College of Law, the Center for Latin American Studies and the College of Education, will spend the next three years working with two universities in Colombia to enhance the human rights programs at their law schools.. UF will receive nearly $757,200 from the U.S. Agency for International Development through Higher Education for Development to create the Colombian Caribbean Human Rights Center, which will build capacity in human rights among two Colombian Caribbean law schools through rigorous interdisciplinary research, education and community service with emphasis on serving vulnerable populations.. The center will assist regional law schools in training future legal practitioners with knowledge on national and international human rights standards, the skills to support human rights reform in Colombia, and in enhancing outreach initiatives to better serve minorities, displaced persons and other vulnerable populations.. The ...
Acevedo, J.F. and Sanchez, D.P. 2007. Abundancia y preferencia de hábitat de Bradypus variegatus y Choloepus hoffmanni, durante la época seca en Arboletes, Antioquia. Universidad de Antioquia.. Alberico, M., Cadena, A., Hernández-Camacho, J. and Muñoz-Saba, Y. 2000. Mamíferos (Synapsida: Theria) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 1(1): 43-75.. Alvarez, S.J. 2004. Densidad y preferencia de hábitat del perezoso de dos dedos Choloepus hoffmanni, en un bosque andino (Boyacá, Cundinamarca). Universidad Nacional de Colombia.. Anderson, S. 1997. Mammals of Bolivia: Taxonomy and distribution. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 231: 1-652.. Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.. Chiarello, A.G. 2008. Sloth ecology: an overview of field studies. In: S.F. Vizcaíno and W.L. Loughry (eds), The Biology of the Xenarthra, pp. 269-280. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, FL, ...
Los Angeles-based film pilot Alan Purwin was killed in an accident in Colombia when a small plane, assigned to the crew of a Tom Cruise-starrer Mena crashed on the set near Medellin (Colombia). Two people were killed in the accident drug war drama. One person is seriously injured in the accident on Friday, the countrys civilian aviation authority has confirmed, reported TMZ.
During the Spanish colonisation of South America, African slaves and Europeans arrived in the continent with their corresponding load of pathogens, including Helicobacter pylori. Colombian strains have been clustered with the hpEurope population and with the hspWestAfrica subpopulation in multilocus sequence typing (MLST) studies. However, ancestry studies have revealed the presence of population components specific to H. pylori in Colombia. The aim of this study was to perform a thorough phylogenomic analysis to describe the evolution of the Colombian urban H. pylori isolates. A total of 115 genomes of H. pylori were sequenced with Illumina technology from H. pylori isolates obtained in Colombia in a region of high risk for gastric cancer. The genomes were assembled, annotated and underwent phylogenomic analysis with 36 reference strains. Additionally, population differentiation analyses were performed for two bacterial genes. The phylogenetic tree revealed clustering of the Colombian strains with
Ancestry of Amerindians and its Impact in Anthropology, Transplantation, HLA Pharmacogenomics and Epidemiology by HLA Study in Wiwa Colombian Population
Introduction. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopment disorder; its cardinal symptoms are: inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.1 Some authors propose that the affected domains actually correspond to attention and impulse control, and that hyperactivity is secondary to impulsivity.2,3 There are three ADHD presentations: inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive and mixed or combined.1. ADHD affects 3-12% of children and adolescents, with a global prevalence of 5.3%. Although the disorder is predominant in childhood, it has been found that it can also persist into adulthood (4-5%)4; in the USA, 7-10 cases are recorded per 100 children in primary education and it is more common in males than females, with a ratio of 9:1.5 According to the last national study performed in 2015, the prevalence of ADHD in the Colombian population is 2.3%, with a greater frequency of the hyperactive subtype (1.3%), followed by the inattentive (0.8%) and combined (0.2%) forms.6 Moreover, it ...
Abstract. In Colombia, the main vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, are Rhodnius prolixus and Triatoma dimidiata. T. dimidiata is present in the east region of Colombia as domestic, peridomestic, and sylvatic populations, resulting in difficulties for its control. A cost-effective way to prioritize houses for treatment is to stratify houses based on risk factors. In this study, risk factors were evaluated for potential associations with domicile infestation of T. dimidiata. There was an increased likelihood of domestic infestation associated with the presence of mixed roofs (odds ratio [OR] = 36.14, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 12.21-106.97), cats (OR = 3.94, 95% CI = 1.36-11.38), rock piles (OR = 5.28, 95% CI = 1.64-16.98), and bushes with height above 10 m (OR = 11.21, 95% CI = 2.08-60.45). These factors could be used to target surveillance and control of T. dimidiata to houses with an increased risk of being infested.
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All Rights Reserved.Objective: epidemiological and experimental evidence suggest the role of muscular strength has been increasingly recognized in the prevention of chronic disease in early life, and features of the cardiometabolic disease have also been negatively associated with muscle strength in adulthood. The aim of this study was to examine whether the association between muscular fitness and physical health status among children and adolescents from Bogotá, Colombia. Methods: cross-sectional study in 921 schoolchildren aged 8-11 years from Bogotá, Colombia. A muscular fitness score (MFS) was measured using handgrip strength and standing long jump and vertical jump. Each of these variables was standardized as follows: standardized value = (value = mean)/SD. The muscle fitness score was calculated as the mean of the three standardized scores. MFS was recoded into quartiles Q1 (low fitness) to Q4 (high fitness). The body mass index (BMI), skinfold thickness, waist and hip circumference, ...
Abstract. Illicit drug trade is an integral part of the recent history in Afghanistan and Colombia. The past few decades have seen narcotics have severe social, political and economic impact in both countries. This paper outlines the development of the narcotics industries in each country and synthesizes the commonalities that have arisen from this shared phenomenon. It seeks to highlight lessons that Afghanistan and Colombia can learn from each other and concludes with recommendations on a way forward from the current impasse. Saurabh Sati spent a few years researching the dynamics of illicit drug trade at United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and is currently pursuing an MBA at the University of Toronto.. Andrea Mancini is a Programme Officer at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, with work experience in Latina America, Africa and Asia ...
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Survival rate to the last grade of lower secondary general education, male (%) in Colombia was reported at 66.12 % in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Colombia - Survival rate to the last grade of lower secondary general education, male - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href= target=blank>World Bank|/a> on February of 2020.
San Andres Colombia: Saint Andrew is a coral island in the Caribbean Sea. Politically part of Colombia and historically tied to the United Kingdom, Saint Andrew and the nearby islands of Providencia and Santa Catalina form the... Read more » ...
Scopolamine: The most dangerous drug youve never heard of.. Scopolamine is a plant derivative in and around the family of nightshade plants. The drug, called scopolamine, also known as The Devils Breath, comes from a type of tree common in Colombia called the Borrachero tree. The word Borrachero, which roughly translates to get-you-drunk, grows wild in Bogota, Colombia.. Scopolamine is most normally used for the prevention of nausea and motion sickness. Although recently the drug scopolamine has gotten the title of the most dangerous drug, well, ever. Scopolamine when taken for its normal purposes and in minute amounts is relatively harmless. It can be taken orally, subcutaneously, intravenously, via a transdermal patch and opthalmically. In the past Scopolamine has also been used for more than motion sickness it has also been used to treat addiction to drugs such as heroin and cocaine. The patient would be given frequent doses of Scopolamine until they withdrew from the drug and then ...
San Andres Colombia: Saint Andrew is a coral island in the Caribbean Sea. Politically part of Colombia and historically tied to the United...
Los síndromes infecciosos asociados a arenavirus en América del sur son cuatro: síndrome febril de origen viral; fiebres hemorrágicas con o sin compromiso neurológico; meningitis asépticas y meningo-encefalitis. Entre los Arenavirus del nuevo mundo, está el complejo Tacaribe donde se encuentran los virus: Junín (Argentina), Guanarito (Venezuela), Machupo (Bolivia) y Sabiá (Brasil), que se caracterizan por causar fiebres hemorrágicas. En Colombia fue aislado el arenavirus Pichindé en 1965, del roedor Oryzomys albigularis, en el valle de Pichindé (Valle del Cauca). Este arenavirus produce una infección persistente en su hospedero y no es patógeno para el hombre. Hay evidencias de la circulación del virus Guanarito en roedores de Córdoba, pero no existen casos diagnosticados en humanos; en Sincelejo (Colombia) se detectó el genoma del virus coriomeningitis linfocítica en cerebros de roedores Mus musculus. El diagnóstico se basa en el conocimiento de la epidemiología local y la sospecha
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Objective: To determine the prescribing patterns for proton pump inhibitors and to estimate the economic cost of their use in a group of patients affiliated with the Colombian Health System. Methods: This is a descriptive observational study. Data for analysis consisted of prescriptions dispensed between October 1st, 2010 and October 31st, 2010 and were collected from a systematic database of 4.2 million members. Socio-demographic variables were considered along with the defined daily dose, comedication, convenience of the indication for proton pump inhibitor use and costs. Results: In this study, 113,560 prescriptions were dispensed in 89 cities, mostly to women (57.6%) with a mean age of 54.4 ± 18.7 years; the drugs were omeprazole (n=111,294; 97.81%), esomeprazole (n=1,378; 1.2%), lansoprazole (n=524; 0.4%), pantoprazole and rabeprazole. The indication for 87,349 of the formulas (76.9%) was justified and statistically associated with the use of NSAIDs, antithrombotics, corticosteroids, ...
LEON, Spain (VN) - Colombian sensation Nairo Quintana (Movistar) returned home this week after a wildly successful spring season capped by his overall victory in the Vuelta al Pais Vasco (Tour of the Basque Country).. The 23-year-old will remain in Colombia for nearly a month before returning to Europe in June to race the Critérium du Dauphiné ahead of his highly anticipated debut at the Tour de France.. I stay where I live, at 1,800 meters to prepare for the Tour, Quintana told VeloNews. I will stay about one month. I will be with my family, because thats what I miss most.. The Colombian roared through the spring, turning heads in every race he started. He put an end to the first part of the season last weekend at Liège-Bastogne-Liège with a discreet 50th in the la doyenne.. Quintana admitted he suffered through the Ardennes classics, struck by allergies and what he called stomach problems, but the 5-foot-7 climber said he liked what he saw in his first attempt at the hilly ...
The educational experience of many Colombian children begins with attendance at a preschool academy until age five (Educación preescolar). Basic education (Educación básica) is compulsory by law.[394] It has two stages: Primary basic education (Educación básica primaria) which goes from first to fifth grade - children from six to ten years old, and Secondary basic education (Educación básica secundaria), which goes from sixth to ninth grade. Basic education is followed by Middle vocational education (Educación media vocacional) that comprises the tenth and eleventh grades. It may have different vocational training modalities or specialties (academic, technical, business, and so on.) according to the curriculum adopted by each school.[395]. After the successful completion of all the basic and middle education years, a high-school diploma is awarded. The high-school graduate is known as a bachiller, because secondary basic school and middle education are traditionally considered together ...
GAITAN-DUARTE, Hernando and GRUPO DE EVALUACION DE TECNOLOGIAS Y POLITICAS EN SALUD et al. Incidence and preventability of adverse events in patients hospitalised in three Colombian hospitals during 2006 . Rev. salud pública [online]. 2008, vol.10, n.2, pp.215-226. ISSN 0124-0064.. Objective Determining adverse event (AE) incidence, preventability, classification and impact for establishing their importance as a public health problem within the Colombian Social Security System. Methodology This was a study of a prospective inpatient cohort from three Colombian general-practice institutions. Inclusion criteria: at least 12 hours length of hospital stay during 2006. Exclusion criteria: suffering psychiatric disorders and AE which had occurred before hospitalisation indexing. The sample consisted of 6 557 patients. Source of information: clinical charts. Being a three-phase design, the first phase consisted of translating and standardising screening and causation formats, phase II of actively ...
Introducción: Aunque existen varios tratamientos para el síndrome de túnel carpiano (STC), no se ha evaluado la eficiencia en Colombia. Objetivo: Determinar la Razón de Costo-Utilidad Incremental (RCUI) del tratamiento médico y quirúrgico en pacientes con STC. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de costo-utilidad desde la perspectiva social con pacientes mayores de 18 años con diagnóstico de STC quienes recibieron tratamiento médico o quirúrgico. Se calcularon Años de Vida Ajustados a Calidad (AVAC) mediante el EQ-5D. Los costos fueron obtenidos del tarifario ISS 2001+30 %. Se extrapoló a largo plazo mediante un modelo de Markov con una tasa de descuento de 3,5 %. Se realizó un análisis de sensibilidad probabilístico usando la simulaciónde Monte Carlo. Resultados: Participaron 53 pacientes: mujeres (71,7 %); edad promedio de 55,5 años. El 79 % de los pacientes recibió tratamiento médico. La conducta médica más frecuente fue la observación (28 pacientes; 66,7 %) y ... 3 Colombian teens on Facebook hit list killed in past 10 days (CNN) -- Three teens who were on a 69-name hit list posted on Facebook have been killed in the past 10 days in a southwestern Colombian town, officials say. Police say they do not know who posted the list or why the names are on it. It is still not clear, Colombian national police spokesman Wilson
List of Monitoring and Testing companies, manufacturers and suppliers for the Energy - Renewable Energy industry in Colombia on Environmental XPRT
Canine Circovirus (CanineCV) is an emerging virus which since its first report in USA in 2012, it has been described worldwide. It was the second mammalian circovirus species identified in dogs and its role in canine enteritis is still being uncertain as much as its association in disease with the Canine Parvovirus-2 (CPV-2). Here, we aim to confirm for the first time the presence of CanineCV in Colombia and to develop phylogenetic evolutive analyses of CanineCV in CPV-2 positive animals. DNA from samples were extracted and PCR, full genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis was performed to detect and characterize CanineCV. From a total of 30 CPV-2 positive samples, 16.6% (n = 5) were positives for CanineCV. Sequencing analysis of Colombian CanineCV wild-type strains displayed high identity to each other (99.5-99.7% nt; 99.7% aa). The full genome phylogenetic analysis confirmed that worldwide reported CanineCV strains were separated into four distinct genotypes in addition to a European origin of the
In the late 1980s, whites continued to occupy the highest positions in the government, economy, and society. Most of them resided in the large urban centers, and even those who did not considered themselves urban in orientation. Membership in the white group was usually concomitant with upper- or middle-class values and behavior patterns and adherence to Roman Catholicism and its teachings--in name if not in practice. Whites modeled their life-styles, family patterns, and human relations largely on European and North American norms and in turn dictated them to the rest of society. The white group usually emphasized racial and cultural purity and wealth derived from property. This emphasis was particularly true in the capital and in the seats of colonial aristocracy, such as Popay n. The exception was in Antioquia Department, where a great deal of miscegenation took place and where social distinctions rested largely on economic achievement rather than ethnic considerations. Non-Antioque o whites ...
The Cusiana River sub-basin has been identified as a priority conservation area in the Orinoco region in Colombia due to its high species diversity. This study presents an updated checklist and identification key for fishes of the Cusiana River sub-basin. The checklist was assembled through direct examination of specimens deposited in the main Colombian ichthyological collections. A total of 2020 lots from 167 different localities from the Cusiana River sub-basin were examined and ranged from 153 to 2970 m in elevation. The highest number of records were from the piedmont region (1091, 54.0 %), followed by the Llanos (878, 43.5 %) and Andean (51, 2.5 %). 241 species distributed in 9 orders, 40 families, and 158 genera were found. The fish species richness observed (241), represents 77.7 % of the 314 estimated species (95 % CI=276.1-394.8). The use of databases to develop lists of fish species is not entirely reliable; therefore taxonomic verification of specimens in collections is essential. The results
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez threatened on Sunday to cut oil supplies to the United States in case of a military attack from Colombia as a dispute escalated over charges his country harbors Colombian rebels.
Introduction:. Hyponatremia is the most frequently encountered electrolyte disorder in hospitalized patients, and its incidence is even greater when a neurological condition is present. A significant association has been found between hyponatremia and increases in mortality rates.. Objective:. To describe the incidence of hyponatremia in neurosurgical patients of a university hospital in southern Colombia.. Methods:. Descriptive, observational study that analyzed the medical records of adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit after having undergone a neurosurgical procedure in the period between 2014 and 2015. Perioperative characteristics and neurological outcomes were compared, central trend and scatter were calculated, and statistical confidence tests were applied.. Results:. A total of 79 patients were included in the study. The median age was 40 years and 73.4% were male. The most frequent diagnosis was head injury, followed by space-occupying lesion and non-traumatic subarachnoid ...
Colombias leading health indicators indicated consistent improvement over the long term. During the 1950s, life expectancy at birth was under fifty years for the average citizen. In 1988 this indicator had reached approximately sixty-eight years for females and sixty-four years for males. The estimated life expectancy range for the rural population was 10 percent to 30 percent below the national average, varying regionally. In the eastern plains, the Amazon Basin, the southern rural Caribbean coastal region, and especially in the southern and northern Pacific coast, the rate of improvement in life expectancy was substantially lower than the national average; in some of the poorest areas, no perceptible change had occurred between the 1950s and the 1980s. Higher life expectancies were closely correlated with the spatial distribution of the population. The higher the level of urbanization, the greater the average life expectancy. The five major cities--with nearly 30 percent of the ...
SAO PAULO (MarketWatch) -- Santander Economico sees the Brazilian real ending weaker this year and next than it had previously expected, due to the global economic downturn, Brazilian government intervention in the currency market, and the ongoing euro-zone crisis.. The bank said it sees the real ending 2012 and 2013 at BRL1.95 per dollar, compared with its previous forecast of BRL1.80 for both years.. Santander said its assuming a slight decrease in commodities prices and additional dollar strengthening, albeit with a gradually healthier external environment from the end of 2012 onward.. Santander said the world economy will continue to weigh on commodity prices, increase risk aversion and strengthen the dollar. These movements have contributed to a depreciated [Brazilian real] in the past few weeks and will likely persist in the near future.. Over the last year, the impact of the governments intervention in the currency market has become much more statistically significant, the bank ...
San José local information and maps. San José is a populated place in Atlántico, Colombia, South America. San Jose is also known as Hacienda San Jose, Hacienda San José.
Cervical cancer incidence and mortality have been reduced up to 80% in developed countries.1 Despite the absence of clinical trials, the relation between Pap-smear screening and reduction of cervical cancer incidence and mortality has been recognized.2. The decreased burden of disease has been attributed to screening coverage leading to increased effort for extending conventional cytology to all women worldwide. Although screening programs have been successful in developed nations, they have not fulfilled their objectives in the majority of developing countries.1,3 In Colombia, cervical cancer remains the first cause of cancer mortality and the second cause of cancer incidence among women.4. The lack of impact of conventional cytology in low and middle income countries has been linked to social and economic factors as well as deficiencies in program organization.5 Recent studies revealed that Pap-smear coverage does not correlate with trends of cervical cancer mortality in Latin America; ...
Abstract. The technical capability of different methods to diagnose Plasmodium in maternal peripheral blood, placenta, and umbilical cord blood has not been assessed in Colombia and seldom explored in other malaria-endemic regions. We designed a study to compare the technical and the operational-economical performances of light microscopy (LM), nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR), and histopathology (HP). In maternal blood, LM had 41% sensitivity and 100% specificity and in placental blood, 35% and 100%, respectively, compared with nPCR. In placental tissue, LM had 33% sensitivity and 95% specificity; and nPCR 47% and 77%, respectively; compared with HP. Light microscopy had the best operational-economical qualification. We concluded that nPCR and HP performed better compared with LM, but field implementation of these two techniques remains a problem. Therefore, LM is recommended as the gold standard for diagnosis of gestational malaria and placental blood infection in the field.
Colombia. * Find this book in the National University of Colombia library. * Find this book in the University of Los Andes ...
Colombia[edit]. Main article: Trade unions in Colombia. Until around 1990 Colombian trade unions were among the strongest in ... "Colombia has the world's worst record on these assassinations..." - 20 November 2008, Colombia: Not Time for a Trade Deal ... "By the 1990s, Colombia had become the most dangerous country in the world for unionists" - Chomsky, Aviva (2008), Linked labor ... American Center for International Labor Solidarity (2006), Justice For All: The Struggle for Worker Rights in Colombia Archived ...
Colombia[edit]. *Universidad Del Valle en Cali (Maestría en Ingeniería con énfasis en Ingeniería Aeroespacial)[12] ...
Colombia. 4 April 2006. Archived from the original on 9 May 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020. Moore, Malcolm (1 September 2006). " ...
Colombia. Corto: Almas Inocentes". YouTube. Retrieved November 3, 2017. "Benjamin Wallfisch To Score 'Annabelle 2'". Film Music ... The winner from the Colombia competition was Alejandro López for his short film (Spanish: Almas Inocentes). On November 23, ... Sweden and Colombia. The winner from the United States competition was Julian Terry for his short film The Nurse. Just under 2 ...
Colombia. Savaris, Marcoandre; Norrbom, Allen L.; Marinoni, Luciane; Lampert, Silvana (2019). "Revision of the Genus ...
"Colombia". Lutheran World Federation. Retrieved January 31, 2018. "Costa Rica". Lutheran World Federation. Retrieved January 31 ...
"Top 100 Colombia - Semana 38 del 2017 Del 15/09/2017 al 21/09/2017" (in Spanish). National-Report. Archived from the original ... Yandel (November 28, 2016). "Trabajando @skyrompiendo @bullnene #SazonColombiano #Medellin #Colombia #SoyUnDuro" (Post). ... Colombia. Retrieved September 9, 2017. Tacchi, Mariano (September 9, 2017). "Trap: el sonido de los descreídos" [Trap: the ... and number 48 in Colombia. Promotional songs of Update were released every Friday since mid-August until the release of the ...
PECC has 23 full member committees Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Canada; Chile; China; Colombia; Ecuador; Hong Kong; Indonesia ...
"Colombia , World Animal Protection". Retrieved 2019-10-30. "Costa Rica makes animal welfare a ... and rights in Azerbaijan Animal welfare and rights in Brazil Animal welfare and rights in China Animal rights in Colombia ...
His second feature film Paraiso travel, released in 2008, was the highest-grossing movie in Colombia that year. Time magazine ... Retrieved 2009-08-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Perfiles: Simón Brand , Proimágenes Colombia". Perfiles: Simón ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Simón Brand: el colombiano que conquistó Hollywood". Retrieved 2015- ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Simon Brand, Directores, ColArte , Colombia". Retrieved 2015-11-06. ...
"Colombia". Retrieved January 17, 2015. "Las religiones en tiempos del Papa Francisco" (in Spanish). ... Between 1811 and 1825, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, Gran Colombia, the United Provinces of Central America, Mexico, Brazil, Peru ...
Tibet Autonomous Region - Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars). Colombia. San Andrés and Leticia - Visitors arriving at ... Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo de Colombia [27] "Informes Estadísticos - Instituto Costarricense de Turismo - ICT ... Colombia (20 April 2009), Argentina (29 June 2009), Hong Kong (1 July 2009), Brazil (7 June 2010), Guyana (1 August 2010), ... Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, South Korea, Montenegro, Nicaragua, North Macedonia, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines ...
Medellín, Colombia. 1995 Book Forma y Color Colombia. XI Edición. Bogotá, Colombia. 1995 Newspaper el Colombiano. "El Arte sé ... Colombia 1990 Painting. Todo en Artes. Medellín. Colombia. 1992 Painting. I Expoarte Vial. Bello. Antioquia. Colombia 1992 ... Colombia 1995 Painting. Lanzamiento del Libro: "Forma y Color Colombia, 1995". Bogotá. Colombia 1995 Painting. Lanzamiento del ... Colombia 2002 Painting. Comfama de San Ignacio. Medellín. Colombia. 2004 Painting. Restaurante Ave María. Medellín Colombia. ...
In Colombia, the terms "death squads", "paramilitaries" or "self-defense groups" have been used interchangeably and otherwise, ... "human rights watch , colombia ? guerra sin cuartel". Retrieved 15 March 2011. "Piden investigar a exgobernadores de ... According to a 2014 report published by Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Buenaventura, a port town in Colombia, "entire ... In August 2018, prosecutors in Colombia charged 13 Chiquita brands with supporting the right wing death squad that killed ...
"Colombia". World Statesmen. Retrieved July 3, 2019. Cahonn, Ben. "Mexico". World Statesmen. Retrieved July 3, 2019. "MIGUEL ...
Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo de Colombia Archived 6 June 2017 at the Wayback Machine "Archived copy" (PDF). ... Tibet Autonomous Region - Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars). Colombia. San Andrés and Leticia - Visitors arriving at ... Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Montenegro, Nicaragua, North Macedonia, Oman, Panama ... no deberán tramitar visa para ingresar a Colombia". Cancillería. Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport ...
Colombia. Hering, E.M. (1942). "Neue Gattungen und Arten palaearktischer und exotischer Fruchtfliegen". Siruna Seva. 4: 1-31. ...
V. Levine (1914). Colombia. South American Handbooks. New York: D. Appleton & Co. E.C. Vivian (1914). Peru. South American ...
Michael Kohn; Robert Landon; Thomas Kohnstamm (2006). Colombia. Ediz. Inglese. Lonely Planet. p. 161. ISBN 978-1-74104-284-9. ...
"Explainer: Colombia's 2018 Elections". AS/COA. Retrieved 2021-04-28. Colombia. "¿Cómo funciona el proceso de inscripción de ... Presidential elections will be held in Colombia on 29 May 2022. If no candidate receives a majority of the vote, a second round ... cédulas?". Colombia. Secretaria General del Senado. "Acto Legislativo número 02 de 2015". (in Spanish). ...
"Colombia". FIFA. 2013-06-14. Retrieved 2013-06-15. "U20 Milli Takımı'nın Dünya Kupası kadrosu açıklandı". Turkish Football ...
Instituto de Investigaciones Marino Costeras José Benito Vives De Andrèis (IVEMAR). Colombia. ISBN 978-958-8448-52-7 Alvarado, ... Instituto de Investigaciones Marino Costeras José Benito Vives De Andrèis (IVEMAR). Colombia. ISBN 978-958-8448-36-7 ...
Colombia enacted anticlerical legislation and its enforcement during more than three decades (1849-84). La Violencia refers to ... Terrorizing Colombia. Zed Books. ISBN 978-1-84277-547-9. Archived from the original on 2016-01-09. p. 68, Both Livingstone and ... Violence Has Defined Colombia's Turbulent Political History". Orlando Sentinel (Florida): G1. Archived from the original on May ... Political Rhetoric in Colombia on the Eve of La Violencia, 1930-1945, Vanderbilt University Religion portal. ...
The Palacio Liévano or Lievano Palace Is a building located on the west side of the Plaza de Bolivar in Bogotá, Colombia in the ... VIVA Colombia Adventure Guide. Viva Publishing Network. pp. 466-. ISBN 978-1-937157-05-0. Spirou, Costas (2 December 2010). ... Christopher P Baker (2012). Colombia. National Geographic. pp. 63-. ISBN 978-1-4262-0950-5. Coordinates: 4°35′54″N 74°04′36″W ...
La Ceja del Tambo, often called simply La Ceja, is a town and municipality in the Antioquia Department of Colombia. It is part ... Colombia. Ediz. Inglese. Lonely Planet. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-74104-284-9. "Nuestro Municipio". Alcaldía de La Ceja - Antioquia. ...
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Historia de Colombia para la Enseñanza Secundaria (Bogotá, 1920) "...el famoso General de los galeones don Blas de Lezo, marino ... Colombia. Carlos Alonso Mendizábal (2008), Blas de Lezo, el malquerido ("Blas de Lezo, the unloved one"), Dossoles, Burgos. ... Barranquilla, Colombia: Litografía Dovel. p. 1982. Medallas, Mapas y Grabados: La Iconografía de la Defensa de Cartagena" Razon ... 2009 plaque honoring Blas de Lezo in Categena "Cartagena de Indias: heroísmo, patrimonio y placer en Colombia" Guía turística ...
He is known as a precursor of the Poesía Negra y oscura (black and dark poetry) in Colombia. He was a mulatto, born of a white ... Candelario Obeso He is known as the precursor of the Poesía Negra y oscura (black and dark poetry) in Colombia, a literary ... Dier, Andrew (2017). Colombia. Moon. ISBN 978-1-63121-357-1. Various authors (2011). Candelario Obeso Una apuesta pedagógica, ... "Candelario Obeso: bogando en un río de letras". Red cultural del Banco de la República en Colombia. Retrieved April 19, 2019. ...
... one of the framers of Colombia's 1886 Constitution which established it as the Republic of Colombia. Nearly a century later, in ... p. 4. Carlos Martinez Silva of the Colombia delegation perhaps enjoyed the trip to Holyoke most, for Manager Curtis secured him ... p. 4. Argentina...Bolivia...Brazil...Chili [sic]...Colombia...Costa Rica...Guatemala...Honduras...Mexico...Nicaragua...Peru... ...
... sets annual minimum capital requirements to establish an insurance company.. In July 2009, Colombia passed Law 1328 to ... Colombia has signed BITs with China, South Korea, Japan India, Luxemburg, and Belgium, and the United Kingdom. Colombia also ... Colombia has a comprehensive legal framework for business. Colombias judicial system defines the legal rights of commercial ... Foreign investors must be domiciled in Colombia to provide travel and tourism agency services within Colombia (Law 32 of 1990, ...
Colombia - Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution. O K E N H U T C ... If you decide to travel to Colombia:. *Be aware of your ... Exercise increased caution in Colombia due to crime, terrorism, and kidnapping. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire ... Review the Crime and Safety Reports for Colombia.. *U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for ... While the Colombian government signed a peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) terrorist group ...
... budget hotels and Colombia hotel deals. Read the reviews and book. ... The best hotels in Colombia, chosen by our expert, including luxury hotels, boutique hotels, ... Best hotels in Colombia. The best hotels in Colombia, chosen by our expert, including luxury hotels, boutique hotels, budget ... Inspired by the precious riches of Colombia (gold and emeralds), the B.O.G Hotel is a treasure trove of luxury design. Its ...
Read our insiders guide to Colombia, as recommended by Telegraph Travel. Find expert advice and great pictures of top hotels, ... Colombia is arguably the worlds best country for birdwatchers, with 1,800 species, of which 76 are endemic. Natural Reserves ... Colombia is arguably the worlds best country for birdwatchers, with 1,800 species, of which 76 are endemic. ... Chris Moss, our expert, offers a guide to Colombia, including what to do and where to stay. ...
In Colombia, the ICRC provides emergency assistance, boosts self-reliance, promotes IHL and restores contact between families ... Colombia Decades of armed conflict have left 8.8 million victims in Colombia. Urgent humanitarian challenges include: ... Sabías que no hace falta que pasen 72 horas para buscar a una persona desaparecida en Colombia? Pregunta por el m… ... En las cárceles de Colombia hay cerca de 8.000 mujeres. La nueva política criminal que necesita el país debe inclui… twitter. ...
During the last three weeks, Colombias supreme court gave the go-ahead to extradite to the United States three suspected drug ... DATE=11/11/1999 TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT TITLE=COLOMBIA EXPLOSION(L-ONLY) NUMBER=2-256067 BYLINE=STEVE DUDLEY DATELINE=BOGOTA ...
"Colombia News - Colombia Reports". Retrieved 6 October 2016.. *^ "U.S. Targets Powerful, Profitable "Super ... Medellin, Colombia: InSight Crime. 2018. pp. 3-84.. *^ "Informe ¡Basta Ya! Colombia: memorias de guerra y dignidad: ... Corruption in Colombia is a pervasive problem at all levels of government. A 2005 study published by Transparency for Colombia ... Main article: Kidnappings in Colombia. At the turn of the millennium Colombia had the highest rates of kidnapping in the world ...
Bogotá, D.C. Colombia. Mailing address: Carrera 45 No. 24B-27 Bogotá, D.C. 110111 Colombia. Telephone: +(57) (1) 275-2000. ... You may be denied entry to Colombia if you do not have a return ticket. Visit the Embassy of Colombia website for the most ... If traveling with prescription medication, check with the government of Colombia to ensure the medication is legal in Colombia ... We strongly advise you against entering Colombia overland. Colombias border areas are off-limits to U.S. government personnel ...
Colombia-Japan relations (Spanish: Relaciones entre Colombia y Japón, Japanese: 日本とコロンビアの関係) refers to the diplomatic relations ... However, the first official embassy was set up by Japan in Bogotá, Colombia in 1934 and the following year Colombia established ... Diplomatic relations between Colombia and Japan were established in a treaty called Friendship, Commerce and Navigation signed ... Japanese products exported to Colombia are mostly assembled vehicles, auto parts, video cameras and communication devices, ...
Either way, Colombias mud volcano is a messy bath. ... There, on a sandy beach in northern Colombia, a little bit of ... Mud volcano: How to get dirty in Colombia. Micah Spangler, Special to CNN. • Updated 8th December 2015 ...
Currently, 15% of Colombias population has been displaced by the civil war and does not have access to financial services. ... By supporting this loan, youre helping internally-displaced people in the rural, post-conflict regions of Colombia develop ... It helps internally-displaced people in Colombia rebuild and sustain their livelihoods. ... "Friends of Interactuar Colombia": ...
... south-eastern and north-western Colombia as of 2010, including certain smaller urban centers. Rural areas bordering Venezuela ... It is really important to understand that Colombia is a country of civil conflict. Although the situation has improved in the ... The most important domestic carriers in Colombia [3] are : Avianca [4], COPA Colombia (formerly AeroRepublica) [5], Satena [6] ... WARNING: Even though security in Colombia has increased significantly, travel in Colombia outside metropolitan areas, ...
Neatorama Posts Tagged "Colombia" The Time Pablo Escobar And His Family Went To Walt Disney World... (Image Link)Theres one ... Colombias Weirdest Invasive Species: Hippos (Photo:Shaun Wallin)The hippopotamus is not native... ...he Americas. But there ... YouTube Link)The cat in this video is b... ...he survived a leap from a communication tower in Colombia that would have killed ... When you first look at the the Las Lajas Sanctuary... ...t look at the the Las Lajas Sanctuary in Ipiales, Colombia , you ...
The dispatch which he sends in behalf of the Government and people of Colombia to the Senate and people of the United States, ... COLOMBIAS REMONSTRANCE. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ...
As Colombias economy began reopening after September 1, Venezuelans began entering Colombia again even though the official ... HomeReportsBureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices...Colombia ... The Colombia-Europe-United States Coordination Group and other NGOs, considered some of these illegal armed groups to be ... 2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Colombia Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor ...
Colombia -- A team of forensic anthropologists painstakingly dug up the bodies -- two from the towns decaying mausoleum, ... Unearthing Secrets of Colombias Long War. Forensic Teams Track Victims Disappeared by Death Squads. By Juan Forero. ... Victims of Colombias slow-burning but brutal civil war, they had been killed by right-wing death squads and left on roadsides ... With Colombias economy booming and its government feted from Washington to Paris for its recent success against Marxist ...
Getting Started with Colombia Research. Links to articles on getting started with Colombia research. ... Colombia Research Tools. Links to articles and websites that assist in Colombia research. ... Colombia Map. Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Colombia. ... Colombia is a country in South America bordered by Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. It was formerly a colony of ...
content/rand/blog/jcr:content/par/bloglist .topic.colombia The RAND Blog. Colombia. ... Colombias Trailblazing Model for Refugees. Krishna B. Kumar @kbkumar_, Shelly Culbertson @SC_Culbertson, Louay Constant ... Colombias friends, primarily the U.S., should be prepared to provide sustained and adequate support to the Colombian armed ... Without external assistance, Colombia cannot defeat the guerrilla-gangster Minotaur that consumes it. It is in our national ...
... but lurking on one side of its urban sprawl is one of Colombias most perfect beaches, while on the other are the dramatic ... making Palomino an almost obligatory stop for Colombia travelers. ... Voted best hostel in Colombia by HostelworldDay 2: Buritaca- ... Colombias best in 2018.Duration: 8 hoursMeals included: • Lunch: Prima Luna Pizza! • DinnerAccommodation included: El Rio ... but lurking on one side of its urban sprawl is one of Colombias most perfect beaches, while on the other are the dramatic ...
View CNNs Colombia Travel Guide to explore the best things to do and places to stay, plus get insider tips, watch original ... Colombia. Rainforest, savannah, steppes, deserts and mountains: Colombia has them all. From the golden sands of the Caribbean ... Colombias Lost City is older than Machu Picchu, and hardly anyone visits ...
Geographical and historical treatment of Colombia, a country of northwestern South America. Its 1,000 miles of coast to the ... Colombia, officially Republic of Colombia, Spanish República de Colombia, country of northwestern South America. Its 1,000 ... Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Colombia. *Official Site of the Embassy of Colombia in Washington, DC, ... Colombia strongly reflects its history as a colony of Spain. It is often referred to as the most Roman Catholic of the South ...
This chapter presents evidence on the impact of a voucher program implemented in 1991 in Colombia. Specifically, the analysis ... Education Vouchers in Colombia. Published In: Emerging Evidence on Vouchers and Faith-based Providers : Case Studies from ... Figures from 1993 show that only 78 percent of age-eligible children in Colombia and only 55 percent of children from the ... This chapter presents evidence on the impact of a voucher program implemented in 1991 in Colombia. Specifically, the analysis ...
FUJIFILM COLOMBIA S.A.S.. Business Field(s). Digital Cameras, Camera Accessories, Film Photography, Instant Photography, ... You are here:Home , About Us , Office Location & Contacts , Latin America , Colombia ...
Colombia]] [[WikiPedia:Colombia]] [[Dmoz:South America/Colombia/]] [[World66:southamerica/colombia]] Summary:. ... part of Colombia until 1903. Each day tourism grows, traveling in Colombia is definitely worthwhile. Colombia has diferents ... Colombia]] [[ja:コロンビア]] [[nl:Colombia]] [[pl:Kolumbia]] [[pt:Colômbia]] [[ro:Columbia]] [[ru:Колумбия]] [[sv:Colombia]] [[zh:哥倫 ... pagebanner,Colombia Banner.jpg}} {{cautionbox,The CDC has identified [[Colombia]] as an affected area of the Zika outbreak. ...
On the Caribbean coast of Colombia, a man named Duran Duran shares his love of Cartagena with visitors from near and far. ... When we got to Colombia, some of the soldiers broke down in tears. They were really moved by the experience we had, and it ... Instead, its the olinguito, an adorable teddy bear-like mammal that lives in the cloud forests of Ecuador and Colombia. At ... Many local people dont know that their names are connected to important events in the history of Cartagena and Colombia. By ...
51] El Comercio, "Colombia: Primera Condena por Injuria en un Foro de Internet," [Colombia: First Conviction for Libel on ... 74] Phillip Acuna, "Colombia to Receive Cyber-Security Assistance from International Experts," Colombia Reports Online, March ... Colombia is home to 58 ISPs, and while 89 percent of the market is concentrated in the hands of four companies, there are ... Colombias ICT sector is subject to numerous regulatory bodies, all of which are part of the executive branch of government to ...
Colombia blames deadly Bogota car bombing on ELN rebels. The Colombian government on Friday blamed leftist ELN rebels for the ... Three dead after Colombia protests, tear gas used in renewed confrontations. Three people were killed in events following ... Venezuela troops fire tear gas on demo at Colombia border. Venezuelan forces on Saturday fired rubber bullets and tear gas to ... Military deployed to Cali as Colombia marks full month of protests. Colombian President Ivan Duque announced Friday he was ...
... kicked off in Colombias second-largest city Saturday, with more than 750 experts in attendance. Today the world is at a ... Colombia) (AFP) - A comprehensive, global appraisal of mass species extinction -- and what can be done to reverse it -- ... Host Colombia claims it has the worlds largest variety of birds and orchids, and is second only to Brazil in terms of overall ... Medellín (Colombia) (AFP) - A comprehensive, global appraisal of mass species extinction -- and what can be done to reverse it ...
That is part of "Plan Colombia", a $7.5 billion rag-bag of schemes aimed at fighting drugs, strengthening the state and helping ... This article appeared in the The Americas section of the print edition under the headline Colombias new team ... He said the governments top priority would now be tackling Colombias social problems. ...
Anti-Terrorism Assistance Colombia 2002: United States, White House, Office of Management and Budget, Technical Language for ... For current news and information about U.S. security assistance to Colombia, visit the Center for International Policys U.S. ... Click here to read the Colombia overview from the 2001 edition of Just the Facts ... Click here to read the Colombia overview from the 1999 edition of Just the Facts ...
  • The staff of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) at the United States Embassy in Bogota, in conjunction with our colleagues at the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Bogota office, represent the interests of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) in Colombia. (
  • In the Chingaza National Park, the paramos landscape is not only home to spectacular natural diversity (condors, endangered spectacled bears and golden eagles), but it also supplies most of the water that flows through Bogota, Colombia´s capital. (
  • Itaca Films Colombia will be based out of Bogota, Garcia said. (
  • We invite you to get to know "A Window to Dream", project developed jointly by Colombia's Agency for Reintegration (ACR), USAID, IOM, EAFIT University, Reconciliation Colombia, Bogota Chamber of Commerce, and COLNODO with support. (
  • Nespresso CEO Jean-Marc Duvoisin, speaks during the meeting with Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos in Bogota, Colombia November 28, 2017. (
  • BOGOTA, Mar 15 2013 (IPS) - Late Venezuelan leader Hugo Chávez played a key role in the current attempt to negotiate peace in Colombia. (
  • Bogota (AFP) - FARC rebels blew up a water plant in southwestern Colombia, military officials said, in the latest alleged attack by the guerrilla movement on the nation's infrastructure. (
  • FILE PHOTO: People wearing protective masks due to the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, keep social distance as they wait for a bus inside a station of the TransMilenio public transport system after the mayor's office ended the quarantine in Bogota, Colombia August 27, 2020. (
  • BOGOTA (Reuters) - Coronavirus cases in Colombia, which ended more than five months of lockdown at the start of the month, surpassed 700,000 on Friday as deaths from the virus climbed toward 23,000. (
  • While the Colombian government signed a peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) terrorist group, some dissident groups refuse to demobilize. (
  • The Colombian conflict began in the mid-1960s and is a low-intensity asymmetric war between Colombian governments , paramilitary groups , crime syndicates , and left-wing guerrillas such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the National Liberation Army (ELN), fighting each other to increase their influence in Colombian territory. (
  • The most notable of these programs has been the Plan Colombia which also intended to combat organizations, such as the FARC guerrillas, who have controlled many coca-growing regions in Colombia over the past decades. (
  • Illegal armed groups, including dissidents of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), National Liberation Army (ELN), and drug-trafficking gangs, continued to operate. (
  • The announcement of a preliminary peace accord by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Colombian government is not receiving public support. (
  • The most recent scandal concerned unauthorized surveillance of the highly-sensitive peace talks in Havana, which were organized to negotiate an end to the longstanding armed conflict between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). (
  • In the first place, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) are no longer what they used to be. (
  • On Sunday morning, July 20, in Paris, Ingrid Betancourt, the most famous kidnap victim since Patti Hearst, was broadcasting directly to hostages in Colombia's vast rain forest, an area the size of Texas, where left-wing guerrillas of the farc (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) were still holding between 500 and 700 captives, including 25 political prisoners. (
  • Santos, a conservative whose policies have fueled economic growth in the country, is about to start peace talks with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the Marxist-inspired insurgency that killed tens of thousands over 50 years. (
  • Colombia, a nation of about 46 million people, has attracted record foreign direct investment over the last few years as a U.S.-backed military offensive against drug traffickers and FARC rebels improved business confidence. (
  • That paste can then be sold to traffickers, either Colombia's left-wing rebel group Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) or one of the many gangs that have proliferated in the 20 years since the fearsome and powerful Medellin cartel of Pablo Escobar disintegrated in the wake of Escobar's ignominious death in 1993 . (
  • A peace deal between the Colombian government and the rebel Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in late 2016, following the five-decade war, paved the way for many to return to their homes and farms, including thousands of coffee growers. (
  • Government troops are preparing for military action to take back the zone and pursue the rebels from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) into the jungle, following the breakdown of peace talks. (
  • Rodríguez said that in any case, "Venezuela has already played the most important role it could play with respect to peace in Colombia, by getting the FARC to have the confidence and trust to sit down at the table for peace talks . (
  • Like the FARC, a smaller rebel group, the National Liberation Army (ELN), has also been active in Colombia since 1964. (
  • Colombia's government and the guerrilla rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have reached an agreement to end a war that has spanned more than five decades. (
  • The government immediately blamed leftist rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC - Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia). (
  • So far, the Colombian authorities have refused to carry out a thorough, on-the-ground investigation into the impact of the spraying , saying that the violent conflict between Colombia's armed forces and the left-wing guerrillas, the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarios de Colombia (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia / Farc ), means that they could not guarantee the safety of the researchers. (
  • The cease-fire between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) ended a 50-year war that killed 250,000 people, and displaced 6 million, a population twice the size of Chicago. (
  • A historic peace deal between the Colombian government and left-wing Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) rebels faltered earlier this month, when voters narrowly rejected the accord in a national vote . (
  • Colombia has had four major drug trafficking cartels which eventually created a new social class and influenced several aspects of Colombian culture . (
  • Japanese products exported to Colombia are mostly assembled vehicles, auto parts, video cameras and communication devices, while Colombian products exported to Japan were mostly coffee , grains, and nickel , and on a minor scale emeralds , exotic reptile skins, and chocolate. (
  • Although Columbus never actually set foot on the current Colombian territory, in his fourth voyage he visited Panama, which was part of Colombia until 1903. (
  • In Colombia, APHIS noted recent success, specifically for U.S. rice and Colombian avocadoes. (
  • Colombian Association of Airlines (ALAICO) - ALAICO is a non-profit organization created in 1995 with the objective to preserve, defend, and develop the interests of the International Air Transport industry in Colombia. (
  • Colombian Association of Travel and Tourism Agencies (ANATO) - The Colombian Association of Travel and Tourism Agencies is a non-profit organization that represents, defends, and promotes the general interests of tourism and travel agencies in Colombia. (
  • Colombian Merchants Association (Fenalco) - Fenalco represents the trade and services sector in Colombia. (
  • Luis Alberto Moreno, the former Colombian ambassador to Washington, told me, "Ingrid in Colombia was a little flaky, to be diplomatic about it. (
  • More than 85,000 Venezuelan migrants crossed into Ecuador from Colombia in the last month, ahead of new visa restrictions from Quito that took effect on Monday, the Colombian government said. (
  • Until November, Samper noted, Suarez directed Plan Colombia, the U.S.-funded antidrug program that sprays hundreds of thousands of Colombian acres a year. (
  • But human rights NGOs in Colombia say some of those "bumps in the road" the ambassador has referred to have involved serious war crimes by the Colombian military. (
  • The OECD Review of Health Systems: Colombia says that almost every Colombian now has access to health care, with coverage nearly quadrupling from 23.5% of the population in 1993 to 96.6% in 2014. (
  • But Colombian campaigners have been quick to point out that the study was based on secondary sources, that half of the data came from Monsanto, and that no effort was made to look at the particular way the herbicide was being applied in Colombia. (
  • This coffee is the first Colombian coffee I've been able to buy here in the US that is comparable to the fresh Colombian coffee I'm used to drinking down in Colombia and Venezuela. (
  • The Colombian Peso is the official currency of Colombia. (
  • The Colombian Mint is a world class precious metals refinery located in Medellin, Colombia. (
  • The 1919-1930 Colombia Gold 5 Pesos coin in almost uncirculated condition is a great example of a Colombian collectible gold coin. (
  • To refer to this country, the Colombian government uses the terms Colombia and República de Colombia. (
  • Most of the BACRIM began as the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), a right-wing group supported by both drug dealers and the Colombian army. (
  • Thanks to the measure-which went into effect in August 2019, will remain valid for two years and retroactively include babies born since January, 2015-some 27,000 children born in Colombia to Venezuelan parents are now acquiring Colombian nationality. (
  • [7] Colombia registered a homicide rate of 24.4 per 100,000 in 2016, the lowest since 1974. (
  • In 2016, Colombia had a murder rate of 24.4 per 100,000 population, the lowest since 1974. (
  • Wikipedia contributors, "Colombia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, , accessed 3 May 2016. (
  • In this January 7, 2016, photo, Edgar holds a mixing stick with lumps of solidifying coca paste at a small makeshift lab in the mountain region of Antioquia, Colombia. (
  • In 2016, Nespresso bought its first coffee from a post-conflict region of Colombia - Caqueta - and launched it this year as a limited edition called "Aurora de la Paz," which translates as "Dawn of Peace. (
  • In the recently published Global Innovation Index (GII) 2016 , Colombia emerged as the fifth most innovative economy in Latin America (with a global ranking of 63). (
  • For further information about the OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Colombia 2016 please contact Ian Forde ( [email protected] , tel + 33 1 45 24 81 24) or Francesca Colombo ( [email protected] , tel +33 1 45 24 93 60). (
  • In this January 7, 2016, photo, a coca field owned by Edgar and his father Gonzalo stands ready for harvest in the mountain region of Antioquia, Colombia. (
  • Fighters with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia 'detonated a high power explosive device' that destroyed the facility in the town of Algeciras, disrupting service to some 13,000 people, a military statement said. (
  • The attacks notwithstanding, the Marxist rebels with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and the government are in peace talks dating back to November 2012, to end a decades old civil war. (
  • The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia signed a historic cease-fire last week, and is preparing to demobilize, but the fight for control of its coca fields may have just begun. (
  • Lying to the south of Panama , Colombia controls the land access between Central and South America. (
  • With Panama to the north, Colombia is surrounded by Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, and Ecuador and Peru to the south west. (
  • Colombia is a country in South America bordered by Panama , Venezuela , Brazil , Ecuador , and Peru . (
  • The U.S. Navy is sending a hospital ship to Colombia on a mission to assist in the humanitarian crisis in neighboring Venezuela, a defense official said Tuesday. (
  • Colombia on Thursday temporarily granted more than 440,000 migrants from Venezuela permission to stay in the country for two years and access social services, as hundreds of thousands flee a devastating economic crisis in neighboring Venezuela. (
  • Presidents Santos and Chávez at a 2010 Colombia-Venezuela summit en Santa Marta, Colombia. (
  • Chávez,who governed Venezuela since 1999 and died on Mar. 5, also provided the logistics to transport the FARC's negotiators abroad incognito during the preliminary talks, when Santos decided that the contacts should no longer take place in Colombia. (
  • Rodríguez noted that Colombia's decades-long armed conflict "has already had a contagion effect across the border in Venezuela," which suffers "kidnapping, extortion and all those dynamics that the armed actors (from Colombia) have brought. (
  • González said that "Venezuela in the post-Chávez era will continue collaborating with the peace process in Colombia," because putting an end to the armed conflict "is in the interests of all sectors of society in Venezuela. (
  • Find out what's happening in Colombia Venezuela Brazil Paraguay Uruguay Mexico Meetup groups around the world and start meeting up with the ones near you. (
  • I have spent the last 30 years living and working in Colombia and Venezuela as well as many of the other South and Central American countries. (
  • Colombia is bounded on the north by the Caribbean Sea, the northwest by Panama, the south by Ecuador and Peru, the east by Venezuela, the southeast by Brazil, and the west by the Pacific Ocean. (
  • The name was later adopted by the Republic of Colombia of 1819, formed from the territories of the old Viceroyalty of New Granada (modern-day Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, and northwest Brazil). (
  • The doctors told me that the baby wouldn't have survived if we were still in Venezuela," said Yonielys, 25, who hails from the city of Puerto Cabello, on Venezuela's Caribbean coast and arrived in Colombia, along with her husband and 4-year-old son, in late 2018. (
  • Colombia is arguably the world's best country for birdwatchers, with 1,800 species, of which 76 are endemic. (
  • Host Colombia claims it has the world's largest variety of birds and orchids, and is second only to Brazil in terms of overall species diversity. (
  • Presidents and ministers from seven Amazon countries met in Colombia on Friday to agree on measures to protect the world's biggest rainforest, under threat from wildfires and rampant deforestation. (
  • Peru and Colombia called on Tuesday on fellow Amazonian countries to attend a presidential meeting next month on the forest fires raging in Brazil and Bolivia and to forge a pact to protect the world's largest tropical forest. (
  • Colombia is the centre of the world's cocaine trade, and traffickers are always seeking new ways to avoid detection - including going underwater. (
  • Colombia is the world's biggest producer of mild arabica beans, some of the highest quality coffee. (
  • Colombia is one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries and has the second-highest level of biodiversity in the world. (
  • Medellín (Colombia) (AFP) - A comprehensive, global appraisal of mass species extinction -- and what can be done to reverse it -- kicked off in Colombia's second-largest city Saturday, with more than 750 experts in attendance. (
  • But critics disagree and have said that any reduction in the production of cocaine has been temporary at best, and that Plan Colombia has only served to push the problem beyond Colombia's borders. (
  • CIPAV - along with Colombia's Cattle Ranching Federation (FEDEGAN), The Nature Conservancy, and the UN's Global Environment Facility - have invested $42 million in a five-year project to boost sustainable agricultural production in Colombia, according to The World Bank . (
  • Colombia , officially Republic of Colombia , Spanish República de Colombia , country of northwestern South America . (
  • Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia. (
  • Spanish: [koˈlombja] (listen)), officially the Republic of Colombia (Spanish: República de Colombia (help·info)), is a country in South America with territories in North America. (
  • The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation (1858), and then the United States of Colombia (1863), before the Republic of Colombia was finally declared in 1886. (
  • In 1863 the name was again changed, this time to United States of Colombia, before finally adopting its present name - the Republic of Colombia - in 1886. (
  • Therefore, Cartagena, Colombia is often called by its full name, "Cartagena de Indias," or Cartagena of the Indies. (
  • That is part of "Plan Colombia", a $7.5 billion rag-bag of schemes aimed at fighting drugs, strengthening the state and helping the poor. (
  • What future for US-backed Plan Colombia? (
  • As Colombia prepares for the second round of its presidential election on 20 June, the BBC's Will Grant examines the impact the US-backed Plan Colombia has had on the country's battle against drug cartels and how much of a role it will have after the election. (
  • It is a battle the government says it has been winning in recent years - and one which has been heavily funded by the United States through its controversial military aid programme, Plan Colombia. (
  • Thanks to Plan Colombia and our national security police [forces], that's a little less than a third of what it was in 1999, 1998 and 1997. (
  • She said: "As a drug policy, I think Plan Colombia has been a relative failure. (
  • Plan Colombia was never engraved in stone," responded the US Ambassador to Colombia, William Brownfield, when asked whether Plan Colombia would remain a central part of US anti-drug policy in Latin America. (
  • For five years, United States aeroplanes have been spraying a powerful chemical defoliant on peasant holdings as part of Plan Colombia, the US-inspired and funded plan to eradicate coca, the raw material from which cocaine is extracted - which, since its implementation in 1999, has cost $1.7 billion and turned Colombia into the third largest recipient of US aid after Israel and Egypt. (
  • Instead, it's the olinguito, an adorable teddy bear-like mammal that lives in the cloud forests of Ecuador and Colombia. (
  • Adolfo Maldonado , a Spanish doctor working in neighbouring Ecuador, has examined women from Colombia and Ecuador (where families living near the frontier have been affected by herbicide blown over by the wind). (
  • SAN LORENZO, Ecuador, April 12 (UNHCR) - Senor Padilla, his wife and two of their children escaped to the small Ecuadorean port of San Lorenzo in late February, joining the growing number of people fleeing fresh violence in nearby Colombia. (
  • [15] The initial boom in production of drugs in Colombia for export began with marijuana in the 1960s, followed by cocaine in the mid- to late-1970s. (
  • Despite Colombia having the dubious distinction of being the world leading producer of coca for many years [16] those plans, slowly but surely, diminished the drug produced, to the extent that in 2010 the country reduced cocaine production by 60%, relative to the peak in 2000. (
  • As cocaine and heroin make their perilous journeys from the fields of Colombia and Afghanistan to markets in U.S. and European cities, each border crossed and each trafficker involved adds dollars to a price, write Beau Kilmer And Peter Reuter. (
  • Colombia is the only country in South America with coastlines on both the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. (
  • Colombia is the most populous nation of Spanish-speaking South America. (
  • LIKE MUCH ELSE in the Colombia of President Juan Manuel Santos, the ceremony on September 23rd started late, by an hour and 37 minutes. (
  • [9] Venezuelan women have also resorted to prostitution in order to make a living in Colombia. (
  • Colombia recently announced it will give temporary protection status to a million undocumented Venezuelan refugees, with permission to live and work in the country for 10 years. (
  • Edinson Cisneros gasped and wheezed as he tried to talk -- he was one of the protesters struck by rubber buckshot fired by Venezuelan security forces breaking up border demos demanding the entry of emergency aid from Colombia. (
  • Venezuelan forces on Saturday fired rubber bullets and tear gas to break up a crowd demanding to cross a closed border bridge to Colombia, AFP journalists reported. (
  • Colombia is asking the United Nations to intervene as it steps up efforts to manage the Venezuelan migrant crisis, Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo said on Wednesday. (
  • Venezuelan authorities vowed Monday to 'root out' plots against President Nicolas Maduro after what they said was a weekend drone 'assassination' bid backed by Colombia. (
  • Colombia on Monday publicly defended a dossier it says proves Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro supports guerrilla groups and drug traffickers, but removed the armed forces' head of intelligence after widespread criticism of the report. (
  • New measure grants citizenship to the children born to Venezuelan parents on Colombia soil, helping thousands at risk of statelessness. (
  • The new measure has put Colombia in the vanguard in terms of preventing statelessness among Venezuelan refugees and migrants. (
  • They were all kidnapped in the municipality of San Francisco, department of Antioquia by members of the army-backed paramilitary group Bloque Metro Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC), Metro Bloc of the Self-Defence Groups of Colombia. (
  • Antioquia, in red, links central Colombia to trafficking routes in Central America and the Caribbean. (
  • Medellín is located in Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia (see Medellín map ). (
  • La Estrella is located in Itagui, Antioquia, Colombia (see La Estrella map ). (
  • Antioquia is located in Antioquia, Antioquia, Colombia (see Antioquia map ). (
  • Guatapé is located in Guatape, Antioquia, Colombia (see Guatapé map ). (
  • Officials in Medellin, Colombia , have inaugurated a giant outdoor escalator in on. (
  • With almost 50m people, Colombia is Latin America's third most populous country, after Brazil and Mexico. (
  • Colombia is Latin America's fourth-largest oil producer. (
  • In a 2013 court case against Google, a judge ruled that the search engine was not liable for the third-party content to which it linked, establishing a positive precedent for intermediary liability in Colombia (see Limits on Content ). (
  • The primary regulations governing foreign investment in Colombia are Law 9 of 1991, Decree 2080 of 2000, CONPES Resolutions 51, 52, and 53, and Resolution 21 of the Board of Directors of the Central Bank. (
  • Decades of armed conflict have left 8.8 million victims in Colombia. (
  • By supporting this loan, you're helping internally-displaced people in the rural, post-conflict regions of Colombia develop their businesses and provide for their families. (
  • It is really important to understand that Colombia is a country of civil conflict. (
  • Nespresso's coffee-sourcing expansion into several regions previously at the center of armed conflict is part of a $50 million investment for "sustainable quality coffee production" in Colombia, the company said in a release. (
  • By agreeing to become part of this Court, Colombia has sent a very important message to all parties of the conflict: either stop abuses or you could be facing justice in the ICC," said Jose Miguel Vivanco, executive director of Americas Division of Human Rights Watch. (
  • The announcement brings the end of Colombia's half-century-old internal conflict within sight. (
  • Many people may think that perhaps there is no more conflict in Colombia, but the reality is that we continue to see thousands fleeing the increasingly volatile areas and fragmented fighting," she said, adding that the border area was dangerous. (
  • Having seen around $7bn of taxpayers' money invested in military hardware and anti-drug operations in Colombia since 1999, the Democratic majority in the US Congress and the Obama administration are said to want to reduce the military aid, and shift the emphasis to socio-economic assistance. (
  • With seven ecosystems between the beach and the glaciers of the Sierra Nevada, it's no surprise that ecotourism has slowly come into its own here, making Palomino an almost obligatory stop for Colombia travelers. (
  • Travelers going to Colombia should take steps to avoid mosquito bites . (
  • Prepare travelers to Colombia with recommendations for vaccines and medications. (
  • Plazas also helped form Death to Kidnappers (MAS), a forebear of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), the country's main paramilitary federation today. (
  • Colombia is improving the delivery of healthcare services, but increasing access to innovative treatments and improving support for serious chronic diseases such as cancer remain among the country's greatest challenges. (
  • The initiative is part of a wider campaign in Colombia to educate citizens in the country's Atlántico department about the risks of being trafficked and reduce the vulnerability of populations at risk. (
  • A commercial presence in the country (defined as a registered place of business, a branch, or an agent) is a standard operating practice for conducting business in Colombia. (
  • Colombia is an equatorial country, so there are no seasons, what Colombians normally refer to as winter is the rainy season. (
  • It was also because the landowning oligarchy opposed to land reform (Colombia is practically the only country in Latin America that, because of the landowners' blinkered attitude, has not redistributed land) were no longer the dominant power. (
  • In recognition of its progress in pursuing policy reforms to promote investment liberalisation and improving the business climate, Colombia became the 43rd country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. (
  • As great as Colombia have been, I just don't see Brazil ready to let the country down yet. (
  • The Global X MSCI Colombia ETF (NYSE:GXG) is one of this year's best-performing single-country emerging markets exchange-traded funds, with a gain of 30.4 percent. (
  • Although it has struggled along with other emerging markets single-country ETFs in recent years, GXG tripled in its first two years of trading as the Uribe and Santos administrations made bolstering Colombia's domestic security cornerstones of their agendas. (
  • When emerging markets were surging, Colombia's efforts to improve its domestic security proved fruitful, as the country saw increased foreign investment and higher sovereign credit ratings from the major ratings agencies. (
  • Colombia is synonymous with good coffee, and the country produces more washed arabica beans than any other. (
  • There was the recognition by him in his speech of the important role the United Nations - including my Office here in Colombia - has played in bringing the country to this point, and the even more important role it will play in the weeks, months and years to come, helping Colombia ensure this highly complex and comprehensive Accord delivers what it is supposed to deliver. (
  • I wish to pay tribute here to the Government of Colombia - indeed all Governments of Colombia since we began work here - for having the foresight to invite, and then accept and retain, the presence of a UN human rights office in the country. (
  • Betancourt, who is 46, was a minor presidential candidate in Colombia when she was kidnapped in 2002. (
  • Traveling in Colombia is definitely worthwhile. (
  • Each day tourism grows, traveling in Colombia is definitely worthwhile. (
  • Coca , marijuana and other drugs had been part of the lifestyle of some Colombians, but the worldwide demand of psychoactive drugs during the 1960s and 1970s eventually increased the production and processing of these in Colombia. (
  • In that same year, Peru surpassed Colombia as the main producer of coca leaves in the world. (
  • Despite intense and often-violent efforts by Colombia (with strong backing by the US) to reduce coca cultivation, the trade has seen a resurgence in recent years. (
  • Colombia has shown the greatest reduction in coca cultivations in a decade," said the director of the national police, Gen Oscar Naranjo. (
  • According to the UN's preliminary report, there are 68,000 hectares [9680sq km] under coca cultivation in Colombia this year. (
  • The government hopes the Marxist guerrilla group will help farmers transition from coca to another crop, leading to a tranquility that's been absent from rural Colombia since bands of poor farmers fled to the mountains in 1948. (
  • Although growing coca in Colombia is illegal, poor farmers cultivated it because by the time they transported their legal crops and fruits to the markets from their remote towns and villages through the dense forests, the transportations costs eroded any profit margin. (
  • This chapter presents evidence on the impact of a voucher program implemented in 1991 in Colombia. (
  • The Government of Colombia actively encourages foreign direct investment. (
  • U.S. government personnel cannot travel freely throughout Colombia for security reasons. (
  • Since the establishment of the War on Drugs , the United States and European countries have provided financial, logistical, tactical and military aid to the government of Colombia in order to implement plans to combat the illegal drug trade. (
  • The dispatch which he sends in behalf of the Government and people of Colombia to the Senate and people of the United States, protesting against measures taken by us which have resulted in the secession and independence of Panama, will not be heeded. (
  • NGOs have also begun calling for more information regarding the scope of government surveillance and threats to user privacy, issues that will likely gain greater traction in Colombia as internet use becomes more widespread. (
  • On July 22, Fitch revised Colombia's Rating Outlook to Negative reflecting a large current account deficit, rising external indebtedness and a high government debt burden relative to rating peers. (
  • The Government of Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic with 32 departments. (
  • In the 1950s, nearly all of Colombia had split into armed political factions, and the government saw the farmers' Marxist ideology as a threat. (
  • A biennial Ibero-American Theatre Festival ( ), architecture tours and a booming gastronomy scene make the capital, Bogotá a worthy stopover. (
  • It was impossible to travel overland from one place to another, and the portion of Colombia that was usable was limited to a sort of archipelago of cities. (
  • Ivan Duque won a run-off election on June 17th to become the next president of Colombia. (
  • However, the first official embassy was set up by Japan in Bogotá , Colombia in 1934 and the following year Colombia established its embassy in Tokyo . (
  • Carnaval de Barranquilla has a tone that's distinctly Caribbean, setting the Colombia of the coast apart from the Colombia of the mountains. (
  • Chevron, in partnership with Ecopetrol, operates the offshore Chuchupa natural gas field in the Caribbean Sea as well as the onshore Ballena natural gas field in the province of La Guajira, in northern Colombia. (
  • At the massif of two ranges, and the headwaters of a river that flows 950 miles north to the Caribbean, a small group of growers produce a shining, sweet and delicately fruited Colombia that has a taste unto its own. (
  • Owing to its location, the present territory of Colombia was a corridor of early human civilization from Mesoamerica and the Caribbean to the Andes and Amazon basin. (
  • To maintain its ambition of universal, high-quality health care, Colombia should now focus on improving efficiency and strengthening financial sustainability, according to a new OECD report. (
  • Colombia is considered a regional actor in international affairs, being a member of major global and regional organisations including the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Organization of American States, the Pacific Alliance, the Andean Community, and a NATO Global Partner. (
  • Along with traditional programmes to attend to migratory flows abroad, voluntary returns, and the reintegration of Colombians returning from other countries, and strengthening the government's capacity to address migratory issues and provide technical cooperation for migration, IOM has redesigned its activities in Colombia to the needs of populations affected by forced migration. (
  • In 2012, Colombia received over $15 billion of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) compared to the $13 billion received in 2011 when it ranked fourth as FDI destination in Latin America behind Brazil, Mexico, and Chile. (
  • BUENOS AIRES - In an out-of-the-box expansive move, Alex Garcia, one of, if not the most active investor in Latin American cinema, has created production labels in Brazil and Colombia . (
  • The two beach-heads, Itaca Films Brazil and Itaca Films Colombia , mark the latest growth move from Garcia, who already boasts a network of subsids and affiliates in L.A. and Mexico , recently grouped under AG Studios, a production, financing, distribution and sales holding. (
  • I think we can make the same film in Colombia for half its cost in Brazil. (
  • Brazil-Colombia: What the celebs say. (
  • After what I have seen from Brasil so far, I think Colombia has a very good chance of beating Brazil! (
  • I fancy Colombia to do Brazil tonight. (
  • Colombia to push Brazil all the way, but the home fans to drive their team into the semis with a narrow 2-1 win! (
  • In Colombia, where cattle occupy 80 percent of agricultural area , pastures have contributed to soil degradation and deforestation and, in dry areas, have hastened desertification, according to Julián Chará, a researcher at the Center for Research in Sustainable Systems of Agriculture, CIPAV , in Cali, Colombia. (
  • Colombia Is Dealing With a Terrifying Refugee Crisis. (
  • Figures from 1993 show that only 78 percent of age-eligible children in Colombia and only 55 percent of children from the poorest quintile of the population were enrolled in secondary school. (
  • The entrepreneurs know that Colombia is heading towards a population of 50 million, a significant critical mass in terms of consumption, if average purchasing power rises. (
  • And if estimates by some investigators turn out to be correct, Colombia will soon count more disappeared victims than Argentina or Peru. (
  • In Colombia, a loosely organized coalition of paramilitary groups was better known for selectively assassinating adversaries or carrying out massacres of villagers before its militias completed a three-year disarmament in 2006. (
  • For current news and information about U.S. security assistance to Colombia, visit the Center for International Policy's U.S. Aid to Colombia page . (
  • BOGOT, COLOMBIA - Judged by US State Department memos and news accounts, Colombia is a violent place where tourists wouldn't want to venture. (
  • Now, if Colombia can't do justice for its victims, the ICC can," said Vivanco. (
  • Colombia became independent from Spain in 1810. (
  • Independence from the Spanish Empire was achieved in 1810, with what is now Colombia emerging as the United Provinces of New Granada. (
  • UNHCR estimates some 600 people have been arriving from Colombia each week in Ecuador's Esmeraldas province since the beginning of this year. (
  • The new arrivals say the situation in Colombia remains volatile," the UNHCR official said. (
  • One priority for UNHCR is to work with the protection networks established in the border region to help trace the separated family members and to enhance protection activities along the northern border with Colombia. (
  • [1] Heavy day-to-day fighting between guerrillas, narco-traffickers, paramilitaries and state forces takes place in most of southern, south-eastern and north-western Colombia as of 2010, including certain smaller urban centers. (
  • 日本とコロンビアの関係 ) refers to the diplomatic relations between Colombia and Japan . (
  • Diplomatic relations between Colombia and Japan were established in a treaty called Friendship, Commerce and Navigation signed in Washington, D.C. , United States on May 25, 1908. (
  • Colombia has a comprehensive legal framework for business. (
  • These achievements underscored the importance of the U.S-Colombia free trade agreement in establishing a sound framework for bilateral agriculture market access. (
  • The Review shows that, in the past few years, Colombia has made tremendous progress in promoting investment liberalisation and improving its investment policy framework. (
  • Colombia is one of the equatorial countries of the world, but unique in its extreme topography and abundance of water. (
  • The only American nation that is named for Christopher Columbus , the "discoverer" of the New World, Colombia presents a remarkable study in contrasts, in both its geography and its society. (
  • In Colombia, tourists come from all over the world to sample it. (
  • Finally, as a principle role of APHIS is to make sure the United States and our trading partners adhere to the SPS rules set forth by the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as the other relevant international standards-setting organizations, APHIS' role will continue to increase as the United States and Colombia continue to expand their current trade relationships and establish new partnerships into the foreseeable future. (
  • The war in Colombia is one of the longest-running armed conflicts in the world. (
  • Colombia has one of the most diverse amphibian communities in the world, with 754 species currently recorded, the researchers said. (
  • 10 - Colombia have now gone ten years without losing a FIFA U-20 World Cup group match, winning nine pool games in that time and drawing three. (