ColombiaLatin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.South AmericaVenezuelaEcuadorTheft: Unlawful act of taking property.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Licensure, Nursing: The granting of a license to practice the profession of nursing.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.World War II: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)District of Columbia: A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.MoscowJapanBombs: A weapon designed to explode when deployed. It frequently refers to a hollow case filled with EXPLOSIVE AGENTS.Entrepreneurship: The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.Economic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Interlibrary LoansLobomycosis: A chronic, fungal, subcutaneous infection endemic in rural regions in South America and Central America. The causal organism is Lacazia labol.Onygenales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA containing many medically important species. There are four families and mitosporic (anamorphic) forms are prominent.Kyphoplasty: Procedures to restore vertebrae to their original shape following vertebral compression fractures by inflating a balloon inserted into the vertebrae, followed by removal of the balloon and injection of BONE CEMENTS to fill the cavity.Plum Pox Virus: A species of the genus POTYVIRUS that affects many species of Prunus. It is transmitted by aphids and by infected rootstocks.Taste: The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.Hydrolyzable Tannins: Polymeric derivatives of GALLIC ACID that are esters of a sugar.Taste Buds: Small sensory organs which contain gustatory receptor cells, basal cells, and supporting cells. Taste buds in humans are found in the epithelia of the tongue, palate, and pharynx. They are innervated by the CHORDA TYMPANI NERVE (a branch of the facial nerve) and the GLOSSOPHARYNGEAL NERVE.Prunus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.Ellagic Acid: A fused four ring compound occurring free or combined in galls. Isolated from the kino of Eucalyptus maculata Hook and E. Hemipholia F. Muell. Activates Factor XII of the blood clotting system which also causes kinin release; used in research and as a dye.San FranciscoHuman Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Tracheobionta: A subset of various vascular plants (also known as the Tracheophyta) which include seed-bearing and non seed-bearing species.Human Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Small Business: For-profit enterprise with relatively few to moderate number of employees and low to moderate volume of sales.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Nuclear Export Signals: Specific amino acid sequences present in the primary amino acid sequence of proteins which mediate their export from the CELL NUCLEUS. They are rich in hydrophobic residues, such as LEUCINE and ISOLEUCINE.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Financial Management: The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.Percussion: Act of striking a part with short, sharp blows as an aid in diagnosing the condition beneath the sound obtained.Picloram: A picolinic acid derivative that is used as a herbicide.Bass: Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.Holidays: Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.Anniversaries and Special Events: Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Self Medication: The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Salvia: A genus in the mint family (LAMIACEAE).Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Diterpenes, Clerodane: A group of DITERPENES cyclized into 2-rings with a side-chain.

Transformation of ministries of health in the era of health reform: the case of Colombia. (1/842)

Ministries of health are being called upon to lead major health reforms; at the same time they must reform themselves to become more modern institutions and assume new and different functions and roles in the more dynamic reformed system. The literature on public administration and on health reform has recommended many processes of institutional reform and development, building on private sector management techniques, popularized by 'reinventing government' and 'total quality management'. More recently, thoughtful insights have emphasized improving public management through a focus on creating 'public value'; on political, as well as administrative, leadership; improving institutional performance through strengthening the 'task networks' of organizations needed to achieve strategic objectives; and creating a learning culture within the organization. This article applies these recent approaches to the specific needs of ministries of health in order to improve their capacity to lead major health reforms. This combined approach is then used to analyze and make recommendations to the Ministry of Health in Colombia where the authors were providing technical support for a major new health reform.  (+info)

Bednet impregnation for Chagas disease control: a new perspective. (2/842)

BACKGROUND: To determine the efficacy and acceptability of deltamethrin-impregnated bednets in controlling Chagas disease in South America. METHODS: In three endemic departments of Colombia, a qualitative study on people's knowledge about Chagas disease, vectors, preventive measures and their willingness for collaboration in control operations was undertaken. Additionally, in an entomological study with 100 laboratory-bred Chagas vectors (Rhodnius prolixus), vectors were released for 5 nights (20 each night) in an experimental room, with the human bait protected for one night by an unimpregnated and for four nights by a deltamethrin-impregnated bednet (13 mg/m2). Vectors were stained with fluorescent powder for observation, collected after 10 h exposure in the experimental room and observed for a further 72 h. RESULTS: The study population did not know anything about Chagas disease, but believed the vector to transmit cutaneous leishmaniasis. Therefore willingness to take part in control operations was high. The experimental hut study showed a vector mortality rate of 95% in a room with impregnated nets and of 10% in a room with unimpregnated nets. CONCLUSION: This study opens a new perspective for Chagas disease control in integrated vector borne disease prevention programmes.  (+info)

Microsatellites provide evidence for Y chromosome diversity among the founders of the New World. (3/842)

Recently, Y chromosome markers have begun to be used to study Native American origins. Available data have been interpreted as indicating that the colonizers of the New World carried a single founder haplotype. However, these early studies have been based on a few, mostly complex polymorphisms of insufficient resolution to determine whether observed diversity stems from admixture or diversity among the colonizers. Because the interpretation of Y chromosomal variation in the New World depends on founding diversity, it is important to develop marker systems with finer resolution. Here we evaluate the hypothesis of a single-founder Y haplotype for Amerinds by using 11 Y-specific markers in five Colombian Amerind populations. Two of these markers (DYS271, DYS287) are reliable indicators of admixture and detected three non-Amerind chromosomes in our sample. Two other markers (DYS199, M19) are single-nucleotide polymorphisms mostly restricted to Native Americans. The relatedness of chromosomes defined by these two markers was evaluated by constructing haplotypes with seven microsatellite loci (DYS388 to 394). The microsatellite backgrounds found on the two haplogroups defined by marker DYS199 demonstrate the existence of at least two Amerind founder haplotypes, one of them (carrying allele DYS199 T) largely restricted to Native Americans. The estimated age and distribution of these haplogroups places them among the founders of the New World.  (+info)

Differential accumulation of transcripts encoding sulfur assimilation enzymes upon sulfur and/or nitrogen deprivation in Arabidopsis thaliana. (4/842)

Expression of nine genes encoding enzymes involved in the sulfur assimilation pathway was examined by RNA blot hybridization. Significantly increased levels of transcripts encoding ATP sulfurylase and APS reductase were apparent under sulfur deprivation. However, in the absence of nitrogen, their responsiveness to sulfur deprivation was markedly reduced. Results suggest that the sulfur assimilation pathway is regulated at the transcriptional level by both nitrogen and sulfur sources.  (+info)

Relationship between Helicobacter pylori iceA, cagA, and vacA status and clinical outcome: studies in four different countries. (5/842)

There is continuing interest in identifying Helicobacter pylori virulence factors that might predict the risk for symptomatic clinical outcomes. It has been proposed that iceA and cagA genes are such markers and can identify patients with peptic ulcers. We compared H. pylori isolates from four countries, looking at the cagA and vacA genotypes, iceA alleles, and presentation of the infection. We used PCR to examine iceA, vacA, and cagA status of 424 H. pylori isolates obtained from patients with different clinical presentations (peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and atrophic gastritis). The H. pylori isolates examined included 107 strains from Bogota, Colombia, 70 from Houston, Tex., 135 from Seoul, Korea, and 112 from Kyoto, Japan. The predominant genotype differed among countries: the cagA-positive iceA1 vacA s1c-m1 genotype was predominant in Japan and Korea, the cagA-positive iceA2 vacA s1b-m1 genotype was predominant in the United States, and the cagA-positive iceA2 vacA s1a-m1 genotype was predominant in Colombia. There was no association between the iceA, vacA, or cagA status and clinical outcome in patients in the countries studied. iceA status shows considerable geographic differences, and neither iceA nor combinations of iceA, vacA, and cagA were helpful in predicting the clinical presentation of an H. pylori infection.  (+info)

Amplification of a 500-base-pair fragment from cultured isolates of Mycobacterium bovis. (6/842)

The presence of a 500-bp fragment which amplifies a region from the genome of Mycobacterium bovis (J. G. Rodriguez, G. A. Meija, P. Del Portillo, M. E. Patarroyo, and L. A. Murillo, Microbiology 141:2131-2138, 1995) was evaluated by carrying out PCR on 121 M. bovis isolates. The M. bovis strains, previously characterized by culture and biochemical tests, were isolated from cattle in different regions of Argentina, Mexico, and Colombia. Four additional strains isolated from sea lions that belong to the M. tuberculosis complex were also included in the study. All of the isolates tested were PCR positive, rendering the expected 500-bp band and giving a correlation of 100% with previous microbiological characterization. Southern blot analysis revealed a common band of 1, 800 bp and a polymorphic high-molecular-mass hybridization pattern. The results show that this assay may be useful for diagnosis and identification of M. bovis in cattle.  (+info)

Dissemination of a chloramphenicol- and tetracycline-resistant but penicillin-susceptible invasive clone of serotype 5 Streptococcus pneumoniae in Colombia. (7/842)

A national surveillance conducted in Colombia between 1994 and 1996 identified serotype 5 Streptococcus pneumoniae as the second most frequent cause of invasive disease in children younger than 5 years of age. All 43 serotype 5 isolates collected during this period were shown to be susceptible to penicillin, erythromycin, cefotaxime, and vancomycin, but most (38 of 43, or 88%) were highly resistant to chloramphenicol. In order to clarify a possible genetic relatedness among these isolates, additional microbiological and molecular characterizations were performed. Most (40 of 43, or 93%) of the isolates were found to be resistant to tetracycline. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of chromosomal DNAs revealed that all the 43 isolates were closely related and that 38 of the 43 isolates were representatives of a "Colombian clone" of S. pneumoniae isolates which were recovered throughout the 3-year surveillance period from patients in 13 hospitals located in five Colombian cities. Isolates belonging to this Colombian clone were resistant to chloramphenicol and tetracycline, hybridized with the cat and tetM DNA probes in the same 340-kb SmaI fragment, and had identical PFGE patterns after both SmaI and ApaI digestions.  (+info)

Identification of Mycobacterium bovis in bovine clinical samples by PCR species-specific primers. (8/842)

Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis is emerging as the most important disease affecting cattle. Furthermore, it results in a major public health problem when transmitted to humans. Due to its difficult and non-specific diagnosis, M. bovis has been declared to be one of the etiologic agents causing significant economic loss in the cattle industry. Our group evaluated a more rapid and specific method, based on a new polymerase chain reaction species-specific primers, which amplifies a 470-base pair fragment of the M. bovis genome. A total of 275 milk-producing cows were studied by intradermal tuberculin test (ITT) which gave 184 positive and 91 negative cases. From them, 50 animals were taken from a cattle ranch free of tuberculosis. Three different samples were collected from each animal (blood, nasal mucus, and milk). Positive results were obtained from 26 animals by PCR (11.4%), 1 by bacteriological culturing (0.4%) and 1 by bacilloscopy (0.4%). This finding suggests, as in previous reports, that ITT, normally used for bovine tuberculosis detection, has the inconvenience of having a broad range of specificity and sensitivity, and the PCR technique is a more specific and sensitive test to detect infection associated with M. bovis. Therefore, we propose this PCR assay as a useful tool in the epidemiological characterization of infected animals in areas considered to be at high risk of transmission.  (+info)

*Claro Colombia

Colombia. Retrieved July 17, 2012. "Telmex y Comcel ahora están bajo la marca Claro". El Tiempo (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia ... Claro Colombia is a Colombian telecommunications operator, owned by Mexican group América Móvil. Claro is the largest provider ... The company was formed on June 26, 2012 from the merger of Comcel, previously Colombia's largest mobile phone operator, and the ... of mobile phone services in the country - as of December 2011, 28,818,791 of Colombia's 46,200,421 mobile phone subscribers ( ...

*Migración Colombia

Colombia Migration (Spanish: Migración Colombia) is Colombia's customs agency responsible of monitoring and carrying out ... Migración Colombia. 2014-09-09. "El Director" [The Director] (in Spanish). Migración Colombia. 2014-09-09. "Archived copy". ... created Migración Colombia in order to carry out the customs and migration enforcement tasks. El Edén International Airport in ...

*Copulabyssia colombia

... is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudococculinidae. C. colombia is ... doi:10.2988/0006-324X(2005)118[344:CAPLGC]2.0.CO;2. Copulabyssia colombia Ardila & Harasewych, 2005. Retrieved through: World ... from off the Caribbean coast of Colombia". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 118(2): 344-366. ...

*Anomalepis colombia

... is a species of snake in the Anomalepididae family. It is endemic to Colombia. McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, ...

*Colombia Masters

"II Club Colombia 2008 (leaderboard)". PGA Challenge Tour. Retrieved 16 January 2011. "Besseling romps to victory in Colombia". ... The Club Colombia Masters was a golf tournament co-sanctioned by the European Challenge Tour and the Tour de las Américas and ... I'm going to enjoy it." The second Club Colombia Masters was won by Dutchman Wil Besseling in a seven shot victory with a 16 ... This was the first golf tournament ever to be sanctioned by the European Challenge Tour in Colombia. In 2010 it was replaced on ...

*Pereira, Colombia

... de Pereira Free University of Colombia Andina University Cooperative University of Colombia National University of Colombia ... Toasa J. "Colombia: a new ethanol producer on the rise?" Diane publishing and Department of Agriculture, Economic Research ... Pereira is located in the Central Cordillera (mountain range) of Colombia in the valley of the river Otún and part of the Cauca ... It is named after César Gaviria, the 40th president of Colombia, who was born in the city of Pereira. The viaduct links Pereira ...

*Colombia First

... (Spanish: Primero Colombia) was a non-profit foundation and later political movement in Colombia which supported ... Uribe was elected President of Colombia on 26 May 2002 with 54% of the vote by the first round. Thereafter, the Colombia First ... Team Colombia and the Democratic Colombia Party. Uribe was reelected with 62.4% of the vote by the first round. In 2009, two ... Liberal dissident supported by the Primero Colombia movement. Because Primero Colombia was not a recognized political party, ...

*MasterChef Colombia

... is a Colombian competitive cooking reality show that broadcast by RCN Televisión since January 14, 2015. It ... "Jurados de MasterChef Colombia" (in Spanish). RCN TV. Retrieved January 10, 2015. "Canal RCN anuncia que realizará adaptación ... "MasterChef Colombia confirma su fecha de estreno" (in Spanish). RCN TV. Retrieved January 10, 2015. Official website (in ... Paco Roncero Jorge Rausch Nicolás de Zubiría MasterChef "Claudia Bahamón te invita a ver MasterChef Colombia" (in Spanish). RCN ...

*Copa Colombia

The Copa Colombia (English: Colombia Cup; officially known as Copa Águila due to sponsorship by brewery company Bavaria, ... "Resumen - Copa Colombia - Colombia - Resultados, próximos partidos, tablas y noticias - Soccerway". el.soccerway.com. Retrieved ... "Resumen - Copa Colombia - Colombia - Resultados, próximos partidos, tablas y noticias - Soccerway". el.soccerway.com. Retrieved ... "Resumen - Copa Colombia - Colombia - Resultados, próximos partidos, tablas y noticias - Soccerway". el.soccerway.com. Retrieved ...

*Gran Colombia

However, Gran Colombia is in a sense an artificial term, as the country was always referred to simply as Colombia. This is ... Gran Colombia (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈɡɾaŋ koˈlombja], "Great Colombia") is a name used today for the state that encompassed ... Reunification of Gran Colombia refers to the potential future reunification of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama under a ... The official name of the country at the time was the Republic of Colombia. Historians have adopted the term "Gran Colombia" to ...

*Colombia, Cuba

Colombia is a municipality and town in the Las Tunas Province of Cuba. It is located in the western part of the province, 10 ... In 2004, the municipality of Colombia had a population of 32,942. With a total area of 563 km2 (217 sq mi), it has a population ... Media related to Colombia at Wikimedia Commons. ...

*LATAM Colombia

LATAM Airlines Colombia, formerly known as LAN Colombia, and previously as Aerovías de Integración Regional S.A. (Acronym: ... LATAM Colombia's fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of August 2017): The airline previously operated the following ... "LAN Colombia to join oneworld Oct. 1". Air Transport World. September 4, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2013. "Directory: World ... On 3 December 2011, it started operations as LAN Colombia. It became an affiliate member of the Oneworld alliance on 1 October ...

*C4 (Colombia)

C4 is a political party in Colombia. At the last legislative elections, 12 March 2006, the party won no parliamentary ...

*Colombia Open

The Colombia Open (currently sponsored by Claro and called the Claro Open Colombia) was a professional men's tennis tournament ... IMLA de Colombia bought the rights of the Los Angeles Open in 2013 and transferred the tournament to the city of Bogotá, where ... The Colombia Open was the fifth tournament affiliated with the ATP held in Latin America, after the tournaments in Viña del Mar ... The Colombia Open was replaced in 2016 calendar by the Los Cabos Open, in Mexico. Currently in 2018 tournaments in Latin ...

*ACES Colombia

"Calle 49, No 50-21, Piso 34, Edificio del Cafe, Medellin, Antioquia, AA 6503, Colombia" "ACES Colombia Fleet of ATR (History ... Colombia portal Companies portal Aviation portal "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 25, 2002. Retrieved ... It was named the "Best airline in Colombia" by several industry and consumer publications. On May 20, 2002, ACES merged with ... ACES (Spanish acronym: Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia) was an airline with its headquarters in the Edificio del Cafe in ...

*Colombia (disambiguation)

Brazil Colombia, Cuba, a municipality in Las Tunas, Cuba Colombia, Huila, a city and municipality in Colombia Colombia, Nuevo ... Colombia is a country in northwestern South America. Colombia may also refer to: Gran Colombia, a former nation, officially the ... Republic of Colombia, 1819-31 United States of Colombia, a former name for Colombia, 1863-86 Colômbia, a city in São Paulo, ...

*Colombia (cocktail)

The Colombia is a cocktail containing vodka and curaçao. The layering effect takes advantage of the variation in density and ...

*Armenia, Colombia

At the Quindio side of the foothills of this national park, lies the Cocora valley, where the National Tree of Colombia, the ... In just 15 years, the city was rebuilt, becoming one of the most visited tourist destinations in Colombia. The city of Armenia ... Armenia is a medium-sized city located between Bogotá, Medellin and Cali, the three biggest cities in Colombia. The city was ... The earthquake was one of the most devastating events to have occurred in Colombia in recent history, with an estimated 1900 ...

*TAC Colombia

The airline was founded in 1995 in Cali, Colombia. TAC Colombia operates the following aircraft (at 30 May 2010): TAC Colombia ... TAC (acronym of Transporte Aéreo de Colombia) is a charter airline based at Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport in ... 26 June 2009, TAC crash information Official Airline Site (in Spanish) [2] Media related to TAC Transporte Aéreo de Colombia at ...

*Turbo, Colombia

Turbo is a port city in Antioquia Department, Colombia. It is located on the coast of Gulf of Urabá, 340 km north of Medellín ( ... Colombia (closest city on record to Sapzurro) "Promedios Climatológicos 1971-2000" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia ...

*Coalition (Colombia)

Coalición Colombia is a conservative political party in Colombia. At the last legislative elections, 10 March 2002, the party ...

*Cumbia (Colombia)

Diccionario folclórico de Colombia. Tomo III. Banco de la República, Bogotá, 1970. Ocampo, Javier. Música y folclor de Colombia ... Cumbia villera New Chilean cumbia "La Cumbia - Plaza Colombia". Eddie Ferreira. "Ritmos de Colombia". La cumbia - Origen Garay ... "Viaje por Colombia: 1825 y 1826" (Journey through Colombia: 1825 and 1826) as proof that at least in the second decade of the ... Bogotá, Colombia. Retrieved September 23, 2016. "Por medio de la cual se reconoce como patrimonio cultural de la Nación al ...

*Team Colombia

... (Equipo Colombia) is a conservative political party in Colombia. At the last legislative elections, 10 March 2002 ... The two political movements joined to form ALAS-Team Colombia. Official web site (Spanish) Democracia a distancia: Elecciones ...

*Colombia Unite

... (Únete Colombia) is a political party in Colombia. At the last legislative elections, 10 March 2002, the party ...

*APSA Colombia

APSA - Aeroexpreso Bogotá is an airline based in Bogotá, Colombia. It was established in 1978 and provides air transport, using ...
Río Magdalena (es); Magdalena River (en-gb); Магдалена (bg); Râul Magdalena (ro); دریائے مگدالینا (ur); Magdalena (sk); Магдалена (uk); 馬格達萊納河 (zh-hant); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-cn); 마그달레나강 (ko); Magdalena (eo); Magdalena (cs); मैग्डलीन नदी (bho); মাগদালেনা নদী (bn); río Magdalena (fr); Magdalena (hr); Sông Magdalena (vi); Río Magdalena (af); Магдалена (sr); Rio Magdalena (pt-br); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-sg); Magdalenaelva (nn); Magdalena (nb); Maqdalena çayı (az); Magdalena River (en); نهر ماجدالينا (ar); Río Magdalena (br); 馬德蓮娜河 (yue); Magdalena (hu); Magdalena ibaia (eu); ríu Magdalena (ast); ماقدالنا چایی (azb); Магдалена (ba); Afon Magdalena (cy); Рака Магдалена (be); Մագդալենա (hy); 马格达莱纳河 (zh); Magdalena (fy); მაგდალენა (ka); マグダレナ川 (ja); נהר מגדלנה (he); ...
Río Magdalena (es); Magdalena River (en-gb); Магдалена (bg); Râul Magdalena (ro); دریائے مگدالینا (ur); Magdalena (sk); Магдалена (uk); 馬格達萊納河 (zh-hant); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-cn); 마그달레나강 (ko); Magdalena (eo); Magdalena (cs); मैग्डलीन नदी (bho); মাগদালেনা নদী (bn); río Magdalena (fr); Magdalena (hr); Sông Magdalena (vi); Río Magdalena (af); Магдалена (sr); Rio Magdalena (pt-br); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-sg); Magdalenaelva (nn); Magdalena (nb); Maqdalena çayı (az); Magdalena River (en); نهر ماجدالينا (ar); Río Magdalena (br); 馬德蓮娜河 (yue); Magdalena (hu); Magdalena ibaia (eu); ríu Magdalena (ast); ماقدالنا چایی (azb); Магдалена (ba); Afon Magdalena (cy); Рака Магдалена (be); Մագդալենա (hy); 马格达莱纳河 (zh); Magdalena (fy); მაგდალენა (ka); マグダレナ川 (ja); נהר מגדלנה (he); ...
Triatoma dimidiata is currently the main vector of Chagas disease in Mexico, most Central American countries and several zones of Ecuador and Colombia. Although this species has been the subject of several recent phylogeographic studies, the relationship among different populations within the species remains unclear. To elucidate the population genetic structure of T. dimidiata in Colombia, we analyzed individuals from distinct geographical locations using the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene and 7 microsatellite loci. A clear genetic differentiation was observed among specimens from three Colombian eco-geographical regions: Inter Andean Valleys, Caribbean Plains and Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain (SNSM). Additionally, evidence of genetic subdivision was found within the Caribbean Plains region as well as moderate gene flow between the populations from the Caribbean Plains and SNSM regions. The genetic differentiation found among Colombian populations correlates, albeit weakly, with an ...
Explore Nana R.Vidals board Mi Colombia bella on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Bogota colombia, Colombia south america and Colombia travel.
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The "thrifty genotype" hypothesis proposes that the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Native Americans and admixed Latin Americans has a genetic basis and reflects an evolutionary adaptation to a past low calorie/high exercise lifestyle. However, identification of the gene variants underpinning this hypothesis remains elusive. Here we assessed the role of Native American ancestry, socioeconomic status (SES) and 21 candidate gene loci in susceptibility to T2D in a sample of 876 T2D cases and 399 controls from Antioquia (Colombia). Although mean Native American ancestry is significantly higher in T2D cases than in controls (32% v 29%), this difference is confounded by the correlation of ancestry with SES, which is a stronger predictor of disease status. Nominally significant association (P,0.05) was observed for markers in: TCF7L2, RBMS1, CDKAL1, ZNF239, KCNQ1 and TCF1 and a significant bias (P,0.05) towards OR,1 was observed for markers selected from previous T2D genome-wide association ...
Similarly, for Artemia populations classified by their geographic origin, male and female individuals again separate the Colombian populations from the North American (SFB) populations. According to the analysis, Salina Cero male population is similar to its neighboring Galerazamba population and is also related to the other Colombian populations, and this is consistent with the previous findings using RAPDs and also likely to be explained by the existence of a geographic barrier (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta). Apparently, as deduced from the influence of lunar cycles and sampling time study the conglomerates formed by brine shrimp are asynchronous. Finally, it is recommended to conduct Artemia surveys preferably late in the evening or alternatively during early morning since Artemia tends to distribute more uniformly during the evening (dark and cool), when water temperature is lower, particularly in saltworks, where the evaporation basins are shallow ...
... Juan Felipe Franco and José Pacheco. Grupo de Estudios en Sostenibilidad Urbana y Regional (SUR), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de los Andes, Carrera 1 Este 19A-40, Bogotá, Colombia. Corresponding author: J. F. Franco; e-mail: [email protected] Luis Carlos Belalcázar. Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, DC 111321 Bogotá, Colombia. Eduardo Behrentz. Grupo de Estudios en Sostenibilidad Urbana y Regional (SUR), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de los Andes, Carrera 1 Este 19A-40, Bogotá, Colombia. Received May 7, 2014; accepted October 2, 2014. RESUMEN. En este trabajo se caracterizan compuestos orgánicos volátiles (VOC, por sus siglas en inglés) en aire ambiente en tres sitios de monitoreo ubicados en el perímetro urbano de Bogotá, Colombia. Se realizaron mediciones en línea de VOC con una resolución temporal de 30 min utilizando un ...
BACKGROUND: Schistosoma haematobium is a waterborne parasite that may cause female genital schistosomiasis (FGS), characterized by genital mucosal lesions. There is clinical and epidemiological evidence for a relationship between FGS and HIV. We investigated the impact of FGS on HIV target cell density and expression of the HIV co-receptor CCR5 in blood and cervical cytobrush samples. Furthermore we evaluated the effect of anti-schistosomal treatment on these cell populations. DESIGN: The study followed a case-control design with post treatment follow-up, nested in an on-going field study on FGS. METHODS: Blood and cervical cytobrush samples were collected from FGS negative and positive women for flow cytometry analyses. Urine samples were investigated for schistosome ova by microscopy and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: FGS was associated with a higher frequency of CD14+ cells (monocytes) in blood (11.5% in FGS+ vs. 2.2% in FGS-, p = 0.042). Frequencies of CD4+ cells expressing CCR5 ...
With its 46,245,297 people, Colombia is the 29th largest country in the world by population. It is the 26th largest country in the world by area with 1,138,910 square kilometers. Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A nearly five-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, but continue attacks against civilians. Large areas of the countryside are under ...
This Investment Policy Review examines Colombias achievements in developing an open and transparent investment regime and its efforts to reduce restrictions on international investment. The Review shows that, in the past few years, Colombia has made tremendous progress in promoting investment liberalisation and improving its investment policy framework. Colombia has also recently undertaken important policy reforms in many of the areas covered by the Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, including human rights, labour issues and bribery. In recognition of its progress in pursuing policy reforms to promote investment liberalisation and improving the business climate, Colombia became the 43rd country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. As an adherent to the Declaration, Colombia commits to providing national treatment to foreign investors and to promoting responsible business conduct, in line with the Guidelines for Multinational
Background:Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the natural history of HIV-infection; the incidence of opportunistic infections (OIs) and mortality associated to HIV has improved dramatically. Methods:Descriptive study of patients admitted with HIV/AIDS at six hospitals in Medellin, Colombia where demographic, laboratory, and clinical data were prospectively collected during one year. Results: 553 HIV-infected patients were admitted: 76% were male and the mean age was 39.4 years (SD +12.3). Diagnosis of HIV was made in 21.8% during the index admission,58.4% had a diagnosis for more than one year and 68.9% were diagnosed in an advanced stage of the disease. Prior AIDS-defining conditions were present in 42.4%; the most frequent one was tuberculosis. 63.2% of patients were on HAART at the time of admission, but only 54.1% were adherent. More than 50% of patients had CD4 counts less than 200 CD4 cells/uL and viral loads more than 100,000 copies. The main reasons for hospital ...
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Like many countries in Latin America, Colombia has a serious problem with overpopulated prisons. Colombias prisons are on average around 55 percent over capacity. This figure was even higher before the country released thousands of inmates earlier this year in an attempt to reduce overcrowding. According to El Tiempo, the detention center in La Granja - where the prisoners in the park should have been housed - is one of the worst in this regard, and was 255 percent over capacity in 2013.. In addition to releasing prisoners, Colombia has also modified its penal code to encourage alternatives to prison time, although this measure has been criticized for leading to high levels of impunity.. SEE ALSO: Colombia News and Profiles. In the past, Colombian authorities have used other unusual locations to house prisoners, including boats and military battalions. Following his capture in 2007, Colombian drug trafficker Diego Montoya Sanchez, alias "Don Diego," was held in a ship in the Pacific Ocean, ...
Colombia is the only country in South America with coastlines on both the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Lying to the south of Panama, Colombia controls the land access between Central and South America. With Panama to the north, Colombia is surrounded by Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, and Ecuador and Peru to the south west. The country was named in honor of Christopher Columbus, following the Italian version of his name (Cristoforo Colombo). Although Columbus never actually set foot on the current Colombian territory, in his fourth voyage he visited Panama, which was part of Colombia until 1903.
Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A five-decade-long conflict between government forces and antigovernment insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lacked the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government. Large areas of the countryside were under guerrilla influence or contested by security forces. After four years of formal peace negotiations, the Colombian Government signed a peace deal with the FARC in November 2016, which was subsequently endorsed by the ...
May 14, 2011 VANCOUVER, BC - Colombia Crest Gold Corp. ("Colombia Crest"; the "Company") (TSX-V: CLB; Pink Sheets: ECRTF; Frankfurt: EAT) is pleased to announce two additional areas of anomalous gold were defined by the latest soil sample results, bringing the total to four large porphyry targets at the Arabia Porphyry Gold-Copper Complex, Antioquia Province, Colombia. Assay results from all 588 soil samples have been received, covering an additional 5.3 square kilometres around the soil grid announced December 6, 2011. By comparison, in-house airborne magnetic data over the same area also verifies coincidence of the four anomalous soil zones to magnetic highs, thus validating that porphyry targets exist. Click here to view a map of the soil sample grids. "The new soil results indicate that we have discovered a total of four large porphyry gold-copper targets at Arabia based on surface soil, rock chips and airborne geophysical data, commented Hans Rasmussen, President and CEO. I am not just ...
Acosta Galvis, A.R. and Cuentas, D. 2016. Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia: Referencia en linea V.05.2015.0. Villa de Leyva, Boyacá, Colombia Available at: http://www.batrachia.com. Bernal, M.H., Solomon, K.R. and Carrasquilla, G. 2009. Toxicity of formu- lated glyphosate (Glyphos) and Cosmo-Flux to larval Colombian frogs. 1. Laboratory acute toxicity. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A 72: 961-965.. Castro-Herrera, F. and Bolívar-G., W. 2010. Libro Rojo de los Anfibios del Valle del Cauca. Feriva Impresores S. A., Cali, Colombia.. Castro-Herrera, F. and Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9(2): 255-277.. Halliday, T. 2016. The Book of Frogs: A Life-size Guide to Six Hundred Species from Around the World. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.. IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 14 September 2017).. Lötters, S., Castro ...
GOMEZ-RESTREPO, Carlos et al. Suicidio y Lesiones Autoinfigidas Colombia, 1973-1996 . rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2002, vol.31, n.2, pp.123-136. ISSN 0034-7450.. Objectives: To describe the mortality rates for suicide and auto inflicted injuries from 1973 to 1996 taking into account the data from the death certificate provided by the DANE. To establish the associated risks for suicide in the Colombian population thru logistic regression models. Design: Secondary Analysis of the death certificates provided by the DANE (1973 - 1996). Results: From the socio - demographic variables that were under study for the years 1973 - 1996 we found that the greatest proportion of deaths caused by suicide was present in the group between 15 to 24 years for women and 60 years and more for men. The suicide rates were between 4-6/100.000 for men and 1-3/100.000 for women. Globally they were between 2-4/100.000 for both genders and for all the groups of age during the period of time under study. The rates ...
The current drought is most notably taking its toll on cattle and milk production. There are regions in Colombia that have reported a 50% reduction in milk production, according to El Espectador.. MORE: Cattle ranchers ask Colombias government to combat effects of drought. A farmer affected by the drought explained, "It is better to sell them because [the animals] are too skinny. We arent the animals owners; the owners are the people that come and offer a certain value for them, and we have to except what we get because that is all there is," according to El Espectador newspaper.. According to El Tiempo, the northern tip of Colombia, in the state of La Guajira, has not seen rain in two years. The town of Riohacha had to suspend aqueduct services because the water was coming down from the Sierra Nevada mountains with too much sediment due of the lack of rain in the region.. MORE: Drought in northern Colombia at crisis levels. The NGRD has been accompanying communities in La Guajira, providing ...
Tumaco is a port city and municipality in the Nariño Department, Colombia, by the Pacific Ocean. It is located on the southwestern corner of Colombia, near the border with Ecuador, and enjoys of hot tropical climate. Tumaco is inhabited mainly by Afro-Colombians and some indigenous people. Tumaco is accessible by plane, from the western city of Cali, one of the main urban centers of the country, well connected to Bogotá, the capital city. It can also be reached by land via highway from the city of Pasto, the capital city of the Nariño Department. Tumaco is known for being the hometown of many great Colombian soccer players, including Willington Ortiz. Colombian film director Samuel Córdoba released a documentary about the city in 2009. The film, entitled "Tumaco Pacífico", chronicles the stilt-house area of the city, predominantly populated by Afro-Colombians. Córdoba was inspired by a panoramic photo of the stilt houses he saw in a photography book on Tumaco. The film won first place at ...
Health care in Colombia refers to the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well being through the services offered by the medical, nursing, and allied health professions in the Republic of Colombia. Tropical diseases are important issues in Colombia because they area major causes of death. Malaria affects nearly 85% of the national territory, mainly the Pacific ocean coast, the Amazon jungle and eastern savannas, with an estimated of 250,000 cases/year and a mortality rate of 3/100,000. The main agent is Plasmodium vivax with 66% of the cases, except on the Pacific coast, where Plasmodium falciparum causes 75% of the cases. Yellow fever and Dengue fever are major public health concerns, because of their high epidemic potential, high mortality rate and wide distribution of Aedes aegypti. The Colombian government develops vaccination campaigns against yellow fever on a regular basis. Chagas disease is endemic to the Santander Department and ...
By Jason Webb. INZA, Colombia -- Colombian Indians are using the raw material of cocaine to make a soft drink they hope will displace in their area another, better known beverage with the same ingredient: Coca-Cola.. Coca Sek -- a fizzy, sweet yellow drink with a fruity, slightly herbal taste -- is being made using coca leaf by Nasa Indians living in the village of Calderas high in the green mountains of Cauca Province in southern Colombia.. While it will only become commercially available for the first time in the next few months in the southern Colombian city of Popayan, there has been plenty of initial buyer interest and the cooperative which makes the drink hopes eventually to export it.. The Indians, who have invested $13,000 and aim to start producing a modest 20,000 bottles per month, hope that by selling a soft drink based on coca they will revive a key part of their culture by bringing it into the modern economy.. Coca has long been sacred to the Nasa, who chewed the bitter leaf for its ...
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Colombia produced a variety of crops for both export and domestic consumption; in the late 1980s, many had yields above regional and international levels because of the technological advances in production. Improvements in fertilizer, seeds, and machinery were particularly effective in enhancing yields for export crops such as coffee, rice, sugarcane, and potatoes. Many domestically consumed crops did not perform as well as export crops, however, largely because they were produced on small plots using traditional farming techniques and were cultivated without the benefit of modern agricultural inputs. Colombia lacked the market incentives to provide these improved inputs for many consumable crops, a situation that contributed to lower output and a higher agricultural import bill. Coffee remained Colombias primary export crop throughout the 1980s. The entire industry, including processing and transporting, accounted for about 8 percent of GDP, contributed 12 percent of government revenues, and ...
In 2008 Democracy International conducted an evaluation of USAID/Colombias human rights program. The program was designed to assist the Government of Colombia to strengthen justice, focusing in particular on the more vulnerable areas and population groups of the country. The team made recommendations for USAID interventions, including working with civil society organizations and the government of Colombia to prevent human rights violations, protect vulnerable civilians and communities at risk, and fulfill victims rights to justice.. Photo credit: Agencia Prensa Rural. ...
Health,Bogota Colombia (PRWEB) May 28 2013 The making of herbal medicines will be offered by Escuela de Ayurveda de California in Bogota Colombia in October 2013. The hands-on program is an opportunity to develop an intimate relationship with plants and their medicinal properties. Students become proficient in the making of many herbal preparations. Sucess,Taller,de,hierbas,de,Ayurveda,(ayurvedic,herbal,workshop),offered,by,Escuela,de,Ayurveda,de,California,in,Bogota,,Colombia,in,September,,2013,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Anyone who has ever tried to relocate a pet has learned that each country has its own way of doing things, and just to make things even more challenging, nations often change their import requirements from year to year, as well.. Recently weve heard some questions about shipping pets to Colombia, a country that in the past has followed breed restrictions and has not allowed cats to be brought in from certain countries. Unfortunately doing a quick internet search might reveal outdated information, so we wanted to share the latest Colombia pet import rules as we know them.. Here is some updated information regarding importing pets to Colombia:. ...
October 19, 2011 VANCOUVER, BC - Colombia Crest Gold Corp. ("Colombia Crest"; the "Company") (TSX-V: CLB; Pink Sheets: ECRTF; Frankfurt: EAT) is pleased to announce that recent rock chip sampling and mapping at the Arabia target, which lies partially on the Venecia Project and partially on the Fredonia Project, has resulted in the discovery of potassic-altered diorite porphyry rocks in outcrop. Porphyry-style potassic-altered outcrops have been discovered over an area extending more than 1.5 kilometres of strike length in a northeastern trend of outcrops. Ongoing field work will continue to fill in the areas between these sites at the project (please click here to view figures). "We are very excited with the new discoveries of fingers of exposed potassic-alteration by our geologic team in Colombia. This is critical to locating the gold-rich zones of a porphyry. Credit goes to our experienced field crews for finding these exposures, which are limited due to the steep terrain and thick forest ...
In this Jan. 29, 2020 photo, Howard Buffett smiles during a joint press conference with Colombias President Ivan Duque at the military base in Tibu, Colombia. For nearly two decades Buffett has crisscrossed the world giving away part of his fathers fortune to promote food security, conflict mitigation and public safety. But his latest gamble is one of the most daunting yet: helping Colombia kick its cocaine curse. (AP Photo/Ivan Valencia). ...
Mauricio Arias Sr., MsC, School of nursing, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia; Gloria Mabel Carrillo Gonzalez, PhD, MSN, RN, Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia; Sonia Carreno-Moreno, PhD, MSN, RN, School of Nursing, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia; Rocio Lopez, MsC, nurse especialist, nurse, Bogota, Colombia; Diana Cardenas, MsC, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, ...
COLOMBIA – A cooperation agreement between Colombia and New Zealand will see seven billion dollars invested into Colombia’s dairy sector.
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In Pasto, people address each other more formally than in other places of Colombia. Here you should address any man - young or old with the Spanish equivalent of Mr. - Don (pronounced: Dohn). You should address women 50 or older with Doña (pronounced: Dohnya). You should also use Señora (pronounced: Sehnyora) for married women under 50 and Señorita (pronounced: Sehnyoreeta) for unmarried women under 50. While these phrases are commonly used in Colombia in places outside of Pasto, they are REQUIRED to be socially appropriate in Pasto. So make sure you address people using these important words and their last name when talking to them ...
In Pasto, people address each other more formally than in other places of Colombia. Here you should address any man - young or old with the Spanish equivalent of Mr. - Don (pronounced: Dohn). You should address women 50 or older with Doña (pronounced: Dohnya). You should also use Señora (pronounced: Sehnyora) for married women under 50 and Señorita (pronounced: Sehnyoreeta) for unmarried women under 50. While these phrases are commonly used in Colombia in places outside of Pasto, they are REQUIRED to be socially appropriate in Pasto. So make sure you address people using these important words and their last name when talking to them ...
Hospitals and medical centers in Cartagena, Colombia performing Ablations for treating septum hypertrophy (TASH) and cardiac arrhythmias.
Background: The diagnosis of Chagas disease is complex due to the dynamics of parasitemia in the clinical phases of the disease. The molecular tests have been considered promissory because they detect the parasite in all clinical phases. Trypanosoma cruzi presents significant genetic variability and is classified into six Discrete Typing Units TcI-TcVI (DTUs) with the emergence of foreseen genotypes within TcI as TcIDom and TcI Sylvatic. The objective of this study was to determine the operating characteristics of molecular tests (conventional and Real Time PCR) for the detection of T. cruzi DNA, parasitic loads and DTUs in a large cohort of Colombian patients from acute and chronic phases. Methodology/Principal Findings: Samples were obtained from 708 patients in all clinical phases. Standard diagnosis (direct and serological tests) and molecular tests (conventional PCR and quantitative PCR) targeting the nuclear satellite DNA region. The genotyping was performed by PCR using the intergenic ...
Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre calidad de vida relacionada con salud (CVRS) e incontinencia urinaria (IU) en una población de mujeres con exceso de peso del área urbana de Bucaramanga, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio analítico de corte transversal realizado entre marzo y mayo de 2012. La muestra estuvo conformada por 63 mujeres seleccionadas aleatoriamente,mediana de edad 46 años, con un mínimo de 18 y un máximo de 65 años, 76 % con sobrepeso y 24 % con obesidad. Se evalúo la CVRS con el SF-36 y el cuestionario de calidad de vida para mujeres con síntomas del tracto urinario bajo (ICIQ-FLUTSqol), la incontinencia urinaria se evaluó mediante la forma corta del cuestionario modular creado por el grupo Consulta Internacional sobre Incontinencia (ICIQ-IU Short Form). Resultados: La prevalencia de IU global fue de 39,7 %, IU esfuerzo 28,6 % e IU mixta 11,1 %. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las 8 dimensiones del SF-36 entre mujeres con y ...
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Graciela: Colombia has one of the largest biodiversities in the world. The theme for the five new coins has representations of fauna and flora in the country. It also shows the Banco de la Repulicas concern for preserving the countrys natural resources.. Michael: Lets begin by taking a look at the smallest denomination in the group, 50 pesos. That is equivalent of about 2 1/2 cents USD. The new coin is considerably smaller and lighter than the old ones. It is even less in size than a U.S. dime.. Graciela: The animal on this piece is the speckled bear. It is the only surviving bear that is native to South America. Because of invasion and destruction of the ecosystem this animals existence is under threat.. Michael: Interesting to note is that according to a report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature Colombia is doing the least of all South American countries where the bear lives to protect them.. ...
USAIDs Inclusion for Peace Activity (IPA) aims to foster the social and economic inclusion of Afro-Colombian and indigenous communities that have been disproportionally affected by the conflict as a means to advance peace and reconciliation in Colombia. IPA implements a cross-cutting and integrated approach that recognizes the specific necessities, interests, and realities of the Afro-Colombian and indigenous people with respect to disability, gender, sexual orientation, and age. IPA is implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in nine departments (Antioquia, Bolivar, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guaviare, La Guajira, Nariño, and Valle del Cauca) and runs from November 2016 - November 2020.. ...
A reinterpreted article in Colombias Labor Code was recently approved by the countrys Constitutional Court, thus allowing people to show up for work drunk or under the influence of narcotics as long as their productivity is not affected.. As in most countries around the world, going to work under the influence of alcohol or narcotics was prohibited in Colombia, but the modified article now protects workers from contract termination or disciplinary action, as long as these substances dont affect their performance on the job. The recent ruling on the Constitutional Court puts alcohol consumption and narcotic addiction at the same level as occupational illness and argues that "these substances dont always hinder how one performs at work".. It all started last year, when two students at the University of Uniciencia in Bucaramanga challenged the countrys labor law at the Constitutional Court, arguing that it was in violation of two articles of the constitution: one which states that "all people ...
BOGOTA, Colombia -- Police deactivated a powerful car bomb in Colombias third-largest city of Medellin on Wednesday and went on high alert after a week of high-profile urban attacks by suspected
Beltrán, Luis E.; Morales, Gustavo A.; Aycardi B., Eduardo; Torres, Blanca. 1976. Leptospirosis in swine in the Cauca Valley of Colombia. In: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical. Swine publication 1975-1976: Animal pathology section. CIAT, Cali, CO. p. 7 ...
The tournaments poster boy with the dyed-blonde fauxhawk fractured a vertebra in his back during Brazils 2-1 quarterfinal victory over Colombia on Friday. The injury has ruled the striker out of the rest of the competition, dealing a massive blow to the teams chances of winning a World Cup at home. The jubilation was quickly tempered when Brazil team doctor Rodrigo Lasmar said Neymar broke his third vertebra and is expected to be out for several weeks, ruling him out of Tuesdays semifinal match against Germany in Belo Horizonte. The captain must sit out after getting his second yellow card of the tournament after impeding Colombia goalkeeper David Ospina. James Rodriguez scored his tournament-leading sixth goal from the penalty spot after Brazil goalkeeper Julio Cesar brought down substitute Carlos Bacca inside the area.
Medellin photos and pictures from travelers. Browse 1,777+ photos of Medellin and submit your own travel pictures and photographs.
Medellin photos and pictures from travelers. Browse 1,777+ photos of Medellin and submit your own travel pictures and photographs.
The harbor at Cartagena, Spain. Cartagena holds a shipyard as well as a major Spanish naval base. Cartagena is the base from which the Spanish fleet sailed in February, 1797 to defeat at the Battle of Cape St. Vincent. It is where the fictional Lieutenant Nicholas Ramage, holding a forged Protection, was held awaiting transit…
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Locally-driven: The creation of backward linkages with Colombian industries is also a primary driver of the offshore hydrocarbons free zone plan. Mr Jaramillo, speaking about free zones generally, indicated that Colombia is primarily interested in "attracting investors interested in generating production supply chains with local providers," with businesses building their in-country presence long-term "through the acquisition of inputs, products, and services from national companies.". In order to create such interdependence, Colombia could look to another country across the Atlantic Ocean. Examples of offshore free zones are scarce, but one place where they have met with success is in Nigeria, one of Africas largest petrochemicals producers. The Lagos Deep Offshore Logistics Base (LADOL) off of Lagos, Nigeria, is a model that could be looked to more and more in the coming years. As Dr Amy Jadesimi, CEO of LADOL, explained to Free Zone Watch in an exclusive interview, "The high-costs associated ...
COLOMBIA - The Colombian veterinary authorities have reported 45 porcine epidemic diarrhoea outbreaks across various backyard and commercial farms in Colombia.
Colombian scientists say theyve discovered 10 new species of amphibians in the mountainous Tacarcuna area near the border with Panama.. The newly discovered species include a spiky-skinned, orange-legged rain frog, three poison dart frogs and three glass frogs, so called because their transparent skin can reveal internal organs.. The scientists, led by herpetologists from Conservation International in Colombia and ornithologists from the Ecotropico Foundation, identified approximately 60 species of amphibians, 20 reptiles and nearly 120 species of birds, many of them apparently found nowhere else.. Colombia has one of the most diverse amphibian communities in the world, with 754 species currently recorded, the researchers said.. ...
On 21 September 2017, the Colombian army killed an agricultural trade unionist and injured three others near Corinto,a town in the southern department of Cauca. In the early hours, soldiers belonging to the Alta Montaña No. 8 Battalion entered the zone and destroyed alleged coca processing laboratories. They subsequently raidedhomes ...
New York, April 11, 2012 -- Moodys Investors Service assigned a Baa1 foreign currency debt rating to the 4.6% senior unsecured notes issued by Banco Santander (Brasil) S.A., acting through its Grand Cayman Branch (Santander Brasil GC), due April 2016. The notes are indexed to Chilean inflation rate and settled in US Dollars. The outlook on the rating is positive, in line with the country ceiling for Brazils bonds. Assignment: Issuer: Banco Santander (Brasil) S.A., acting through its Grand Cayman Branch Senior Unsecured Regular Bond, Assigned Baa1 RATINGS RATIONALE The rating agency explained that the foreign currency senior unsecured debt rating derives from Santander Brasils A2 supported global scale rating (review for downgrade since 24 February 2012). Despite the review status at global rating level, Santander Brasils foreign currency senior unsecured bond rating is constrained by Brazils Baa1 country ceiling, and thus carries the positive outlook of the ceiling. The proposed notes are ...
Stroke is a primary cause of death and disability in upper-middle -income countries such as Colombia. Given the lack of comprehensive rehabilitation for stroke patients in Colombia, there is a need to assess longitudinal mental health problems poststroke in this region....
We have scored a major victory for society!" exclaimed Marta González triumphantly Wednesday night, in lawyer Mónica Roas office in Bogotá. In April 2005 Roa filed the suit to challenge the clauses and articles in Colombian law that establish prison sentences without exception for women who have had an abortion.. Surrounded by womens rights activists who rushed to Roas headquarters to celebrate the ruling, González watched herself on TV in an interview she had just given to Yamid Amat, director of Colombias CMI news programme.. In it, González, who is raising her four daughters - aged 22 months, six, seven and 17 - on her own, told her story.. When she was two months pregnant with her youngest daughter, the doctors found a two-cm cancerous tumour in her uterus. The cancer treatment would have ended the pregnancy, and Colombian law put the babys life first.. González, who lives in a poor neighbourhood in the central Colombian city of Pereira, wanted to get a clandestine abortion, to ...
Casa Hotel La Casona in Colombia: View TripAdvisors 7 unbiased reviews, 34 photos, and special offers for Casa Hotel La Casona, #8 out of 13 Colombia B&Bs / inns.
Downloadable! The main mortality causes for Colombia in 2010 are in the direction of the phenomenon known as Epidemiologic Transition. Among these we can find neoplasms and heart diseases as the factors with highest death incidence. Physical aggressions and homicides also cause a large number of deaths in the country, especially among male population. By regions, neoplasms are the main mortality cause for women, in 30 of 33 departments of the country, and homicides are the main cause for men, in 29 of 33 departments. Also it is important to point out that in some departments of the Amazon Region the acute respiratory infections are still among the top three of mortality causes. This result shows that these areas have suffered a systematic lack of targeted public policies to improve their quality of life and that they are lagged behind in comparison with the rest of the country in terms of economic and social development. RESUMEN: Las principales causas de mortalidad en Colombia para 2010 responden al
The Colombia Demographic and Health Survey 1995 is part of phase 3 of the DHS series, a comprehensive, nationally representative household survey which covers population, education, health, nutrition, family planning and household characteristics.. The sample excluded the geographic areas outside of the continental territory of Colombia. These excluded areas represented less than 3 percent of the national population. The sample design allowed for estimations at the region level.. The survey was completed by 11,140 women ages 15 to 49 in 10,112 households. Anthropomorphic measurements were taken of children in the household under the age of 5 and all participating women.. ...
This study was instrumental in better understanding parental practices, attitudes and knowledge, perceived service quality, and preferences for communication strategies in Colombia. The study also helped characterize barriers to immunization, showing that nearly half of the parents and guardians in this study were not adequately demanding vaccination services. Overall, 24.4% of participants primarily associated reasons related to themselves (group one) as immunization barriers, while 24.5% cited adverse events and religious/cultural beliefs (groups five and six). These findings reinforce the notion that re-designed and improved communication strategies on immunization were needed in Colombia to generate increased demand for immunization. Additionally, associations among the types of barriers were observed, including associations between service quality and parental factors, such as forgotten appointments. In this respect, our findings are consistent with a recent assessment of 202 studies on the ...
This paper uses a multivariate filter and a production function to project potential growth in Colombia, modeling in detail the impact of low oil prices on investment. The framework also captures the impact of current and planned policies on potential growth, including the peace agreement with the FARC, the tax reform, and 4G infrastructure projects. The analysis suggests the growth acceleration of the 2000s is unlikely to repeat itself in a world of lower oil prices. Potential growth is likely to moderate to a range of 2.8 to 4.1 percent. The 4G infrastructure projects and the tax reform will increase investment, partly offsetting the sharp decline in oil investment. Improvements in productivity are essential to lift potential growth, as the large increases in the labor force observed in the last 15 years are unlikely to continue.
Information for journalists, Colombia has significantly improved its health system over the past 20 years, leading to a rise in life expectancy and a fall in infant mortality. To maintain its ambition of universal, high-quality health care, Colombia should now focus on improving efficiency and strengthening financial sustainability, according to a new OECD report.
Data & statistics on Colombia Juice: INGREDIENTS Columbian Uchuva berries, evaporated can juice, Description JUICE ORANGE 100% CUP TFF JUICE ORANGE FROM CONC JUICE ORANGE PREM JUICE ORANGE PLAS TFF JUICE ORANGE 100% TFF, Results from fattening pigs with a diet based on sugarcane juice and soya cake in different locations in Colombia _________________________________________________________...
FEDEACUA committed to provide the support and funding necessary for farms, processing plants, hatcheries and feed mills to apply for BAP certification.. The agency set aside $150,000, which will go toward BAP certification.. In exchange, GAA agreed to provide the education and training necessary for farms, processing plants, hatcheries and feed mills to apply for BAP certification, serving as an effective tool to develop broad-based sustainable aquaculture in Colombia. Additionally, GAA, through the BAP market development team, agree to promote BAP-certified facilities in Colombia to retailers and foodservice companies worldwide.. "FEDEACUA has set an excellent example of how government and the private sector can work harmoniously to improve responsible aquaculture in a country," said Marcos Moya, BAPs market development manager for supply chain.. "This represents real change on the water for the responsible aquaculture movement.". ...
This paper presents a Financial System Stability Assessment Update, including Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) on the Securities Regulation, Insolvency and Creditor Rights Systems, and Payment Systems in Colombia. Overall, the financial sector appears relatively stable and resilient to potential adverse shocks. The Superintendency of Banks lacks sufficient autonomy and independence while the current legal framework fails to effectively protect either bank supervisors or the Superintendent. Risk-based regulation and consolidated supervision remain key issues for the future.
Watch Clinton laugh off a question on Colombia. PITTSBURGH, Pennsylvania (CNN) -- Hillary Clinton used her trademark laugh Thursday to deflect a question about the $800,000 her husband earned in 2005 giving speeches for a Bogota-based group that supports the Colombia free trade agreement -- the sa...
Colombias business community may be shielded from a war crimes tribunal, but that doesnt stop judges from investigating if businessmen made a fortune off murder and displacement.. A court in northern Colombia issued an arrest warrant against mining executive Edgardo Percy and the investigation of 15 others for their alleged involvement in the killing, disappearing and displacing of farmers, according to Verdad Abierta.. Percy is former manager of the La Jagua mine, which was operated by the company Carbones de Caribe.. Together with other members of the regional elite, the La Jagua chief allegedly masterminded the killing and displacing of poor locals by paramilitary group AUC between 1997 and 2006 in order to buy their land for a fraction of the price.. Carbones de Caribe, through their parent company Cementos Argos, sold the La Jagua property to Prodeco, a subsidiary of Swiss giant Glencore in 2005. ...
Access to electricity (% of rural population) in Colombia was reported at 95.73 % in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Colombia - Access to electricity (% of rural population) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on April of 2020.
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The Colombia farm investment is comprised of 164 acres (66 ha) of high quality Teak, 488 acres (197 ha) of intensive grass fed Cattle grazing, and an ongoing development of 618 acres (250 ha) of Coconut farm.
Rural population in Colombia was reported at 9543470 in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Colombia - Rural population - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on April of 2020.
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Radio Berea Colombia - Colombia - Listen to free internet radio, sports, music, news, podcasts, talk, and audiobooks. Stream live events, live play-by-play NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, college football, NCAA basketball, and Premier League matches. CNN, MSNBC, Fox News, ESPN, BBC, NPR.
Lookup HS Codes for Colombia vi 28.04.10 Hydrogen. Avalara LandedCosts helps determine your duty rates and other import taxes for Colombia.
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Ricardo received his Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He also received an M.S. degree in Thermal Engineering from the University of Antioquia at Medellin (Colombia) in 2004.. He received his B.Eng. in Mechanical Engineering from the National University of Colombia at Medellin in 2000.. Ricardos research interests lie in shock-driven fluid instabilities, turbulent boundary layers, free shear flows of non-Newtonian fluids, forced convection through porous media, and wind energy. ...
Ecopetrol Cartagena Refinery is located at Cartagena de Indias, Bolívar, Colombia. Location coordinates are: Latitude= 10.3166, Longitude= -75.50256. This infrastructure is of TYPE Crude_Oil_Refineries and CATEGORY Fuels and Resources with a design capacity of 76700 bbl/day. . It is operated by Ecopetrol S.A..
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Location Maps of Valle del Limarí in Chile and its surroundings tourist attractions. Geographic satellite location of Valle del Limarí
The history of the city goes back to pre-Columbian era, in which the area that today comprises the city was inhabited by the tribes of the Quimbaya and Pijao cultures, widely recognized for their goldsmiths. In this region, Marshal Jorge Robledo founded the city of Carthage on August 9, 1540, but the siege of the pijaos or reasons of economic expediency, produced the transfer of this city to the site that currently occupies in the north of the Valley of the Cauca, in 1691, towards the banks of the La Vieja river. Then the region became jungle again and buried the remains of civilization. On the few ruins of the Spanish population, crossed by the route that led from Valle del Cauca to Medellín, through Manizales, a group of 20 Antioqueno families had already built their homes when a handful of Vallecaucanos appeared to found the population of Carthage La Vieja, today Pereira. Although the formal initiative of the foundation came from the Caucano group, the emergence of Pereira was another ...
The story of Nueva Colombia Noticias is in many ways a microcosm of both the successes and challenges of reintegrating former guerrillas into Colombian society. Reporting on the streets, the ex-combatants are coming face-to-face with a Colombian populace reluctant to embrace them after five decades of bloody conflict. Many Colombians are also wary of the networks continued ties and unabashed support for the former guerrillas new political party.. ...
In other parts of the world, no one can know if they will get Alzheimers as no single gene has been identified as causing it. But the certainty of getting the disease if you carry the mutation has made this region a scientific laboratory of sorts, offering something no other place does - a possible answer as to how to prevent a disease that strikes millions around the world.. Medellin, the capital of Antioquia, is now home to a multi-million-dollar drug trial where researchers have enrolled residents to find a solution to early-onset Alzheimers, in the hope of eventually being able to prevent the late in life form of the disease as well.. "We noticed there were families where generations of people have been sick," says Lucia Madrigal, 64, a nurse who, along with a neurologist, first began researching Alzheimers in the area. "So we started studying them. Our question was, what happens to these people? What happened to them that so many generations of the same family were sick?". Although men ...
Informe del Programa de Frijol para la Zona Andina: taller de planificacion de la segunda fase. Cali, Colombia, julio 30 a agosto 3, 1990 ...
Objective: To describe the presence of abuse in elderly people in Colombia and its association with socio-demographic and functional conditions. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive research. Data were taken from the SABE Colombia Survey, a population study, with a national representative sample of 23,694 adults aged over 60 years. Presence and type of abuse by partners or family members, members were investigated. Generalized linear models with Poisson link function were used to estimate the causes of the prevalence of abuse by area of residence, region, age, sex, dependence on activities of daily living and living arrangements. Results: 15.1% of the elderly in Colombia reported some type of abuse, and over 50% reported more than one form of abuse. Abuse proportion is greater in people who are aged 60-69, in women, people with lower levels of education, people who belong to lower socioeconomic status, people who live alone, people who live with children, and people in urban areas. The most ...
Among the first strategic environmental assessment documents in Colombia was the environmental policy document (No. 3120) of CONPES; "Strategy for the improvement of the environmental management of the electric sector", approved in 2001. In 2003 an event of SEA in Latin America was held in Cartagena organized by the Ministry of Environment and the World Bank.. The National Development Plan for 2002-2006: "Towards a State Community" identified the incorporation of environmental sectoral planning processes as one of the main programs of national production and environmental sustainability. The plan stresses the importance of strategic environmental assessments (SEAs) and the strengthening of the current environmental licensing process. This Plan was adopted through Law No. 812 of 2003. The law stipulates in its Article 8 ...
The Sofitel Legend Santa Clara is a hotel filled with stories. Housed in a former convent, it offers the perfect blend of colonial architecture and French luxury. Its privileged location is close to Cartagenas main tourist attractions. Enjoy the comfort
CARTAGENA DECLARATION ON REFUGEES Adopted by the Colloquium on the International Protection on Refugees in Central America, Mexico and Panama, held in Cartagena on November 1984 I Recalling the conclusions
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The vast profits made from drug production and trafficking are overwhelmingly reaped in rich "consuming" countries - principally across Europe and in the US - rather than war-torn "producing" nations such as Colombia and Mexico, new research has revealed. And its authors claim that financial regulators in the west are reluctant to go after western banks in pursuit of the massive amount of drug money being laundered through their systems.. The most far-reaching and detailed analysis to date of the drug economy in any country - in this case, Colombia - shows that 2.6% of the total street value of cocaine produced remains within the country, while a staggering 97.4% of profits are reaped by criminal syndicates, and laundered by banks, in first-world consuming countries.. "The story of who makes the money from Colombian cocaine is a metaphor for the disproportionate burden placed in every way on producing nations like Colombia as a result of the prohibition of drugs," said one of the authors of ...
Identifying displaced persons in Colombia is challenging, as displacement is constantly occurring throughout the country. WFP has strengthened its presence in the southern, northeast and eastern areas of the country where the number of IDPs is rising through the opening of sub-offices in Cali, Pasto and Neiva in 2006 and the inclusion of a new department, Arauca, as part of the Cucuta Sub-office geographical coverage, in 2008. Together with the Colombian government and in response to the countrys difficult humanitarian situation, WFP carries out a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation aimed at finding suitable and lasting solutions to the food problems of displaced populations, the prevention of future displacements, and the continuation of the basic education of pre-school and school-aged boys and girls.. This operation will assist, per year, 530,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs), vulnerable host communities and other groups affected by the internal conflict (women heads of household, ...
Identifying displaced persons in Colombia is challenging, as displacement is constantly occurring throughout the country. WFP has strengthened its presence in the southern, northeast and eastern areas of the country where the number of IDPs is rising through the opening of sub-offices in Cali, Pasto and Neiva in 2006 and the inclusion of a new department, Arauca, as part of the Cucuta Sub-office geographical coverage, in 2008. Together with the Colombian government and in response to the countrys difficult humanitarian situation, WFP carries out a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation aimed at finding suitable and lasting solutions to the food problems of displaced populations, the prevention of future displacements, and the continuation of the basic education of pre-school and school-aged boys and girls.. This operation will assist, per year, 530,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs), vulnerable host communities and other groups affected by the internal conflict (women heads of household, ...
Colombia says it has made the biggest drug bust in its history, after seizing 13.4 tons of cocaine at farms northwest of Medellin on Wednesday. The drugs
A lactic fermented mixed lot of Caturra, Bourbon & Typica from 3 farms in Medellin, Colombia - El Descanso, El Tractor & Villa Sierra, all processed together at the Reancer wet mill. Tasting notes: mulled cider, apple juice, lime, spicy. Hasbean - freshly roasted coffee from Staffordshire
Novel mutation in ABBC9 gene associated with congenital hypertrichosis and acromegaloid facial features, without cardiac or skeletal anomalies: a new phenotype Harry Pachajoa,1,2 William López-Quintero,3 Sara Vanegas,1 Claudia L Montoya,3 Diana Ramírez-Montaño1 1Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Center for Research on Congenital Anomalies and Rare Diseases (CIACER), Universidad Icesi, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia; 2Pediatric Medical Genetics, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia; 3Dermatology Department, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia Introduction: Mutations in ABCC9 are associated with Cantú syndrome (CS), a very rare genetic disorder characterized by congenital hypertrichosis, acromegaloid facial appearance (AFA), cardiomegaly, and skeletal anomalies.Case report: We report an 8-year-old female patient with congenital generalized hypertrichosis and coarse facial appearance but without cardiovascular or skeletal compromise. Whole exome
MORENO, Jaime et al. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B isolates from Cartagena, Colombia, 2012-2014. Biomédica [online]. 2015, vol.35, n.1, pp.138-143. ISSN 0120-4157. http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v35i1.2414.. Introduction: Neisseria meningitidis is one of the leading causes of bacterial meningitis. In 2013, an increase in invasive disease caused by N. meningitidis serogroup B occurred in Cartagena, Colombia. Objective: The aim of this study was to characterize serogroup B isolates recovered from patients with meningococcal meningitis in Cartagena during 2012 and 2014. Materials and methods: Twenty-five isolates were collected through a national, laboratory-based surveillance, and phenotypic and genotypic characteristics were determined by serosubtyping, serotyping, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, repetitive sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR). MLST data available were also used. Results: The B:10,15:nt phenotype, associated with clonal ...
Free Online Library: Rickettsia rickettsii in Amblyomma patinoi Ticks, Colombia.(LETTERS, Letter to the editor) by Emerging Infectious Diseases; Health, general Hard ticks Physiological aspects Research Distribution Rickettsiae
Abstract Characteristics of Trypanosoma cruzi infection were studied in a rural area of the eastern plains of Colombia. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect fluorescent-antibody tests, the infection was determined in 11.6% of the inhabitants of 142 dwellings. During 6 months of community surveillance, in 42.3% dwellings, 609 triatomines were collected (597 Rhodnius prolixus and seven, three, one, and one of Panstrongylus geniculatus, Psammolestes arturi, Eratyrus mucronatus, and Triatoma maculata, respectively). Rhodnius prolixus was found in 80% peridomiciliary Attalea butyracea palms examined with baited traps, and its infection with T. cruzi was 30% and 38.5% in dwellings and palms, respectively. Trypanosoma cruzi was isolated in five of 35 triatomines and in one of 24 dogs. The blood of domestic and wild animals was identified in triatomines collected in the intradomicile and in palms. These results support the extension of the wild cycle of T. cruzi to human dwellings and the
Summary The first case of sparganosis in Colombia has been found, being the third in South America. This seems to be the first of ocular localization to be reported in the Western Hemisphere. Investigations directed toward finding the adult parasite and larvae of Diphyllobothrium species in several animal hosts were negative.
Last March, Sabins Sustainable Immunization Financing Program (SIF) organized a workshop with the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) to analyze how Latin American countries used legislation to ensure their national immunization programs are properly financed. Three parliamentarians from Bolivia, Colombia and El Salvador came to Washington, DC to present their work in this area. Three PAHO counterparts and four Sabin staff members also participated. Laws from Bolivia, Colombia and El Salvador were compared a nd contrasted. Three of the participants later presented these results at the Sabin Colloquium on SIF in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.. In 1980, only two Latin American countries had immunization laws on the books. The number rose steadily. By 2009, 26 countries had written some form of immunization financing legislation. That year, the countries were financing 99% of their routine immunization costs. Drawing from the regional experience, PAHO and the Latin American Parliament produced a Model ...
Brazil Table of Contents Brazils first circle of international relations is with its Latin American neighbors. Being the largest nation in the region makes this process somewhat delicate. Most border issues were settled in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, but some questions concerning the borders with Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, and Venezuela remain. In 1995 Brazilian farmers and forest gatherers penetrated Bolivias Pando Department, in an action reminiscent of the invasion of Acre by Brazilian rubber tappers in the 1890s. Brazil regularly extends export credits and university scholarships to its Latin American neighbors. A certain quota of Latin Americans are admitted to the Rio Branco Institute and the armed forces staff schools.. An active participant in regional security activities, Brazil hosted the conference that established the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty) in 1947. In addition, Brazil was a founding member of the OAS in 1948 and has ...
An enzyme-immunoassay (EIA) for the quantitation of antibodies against myotoxins present in the venoms of Bothrops asper (Costa Rica), B. atrox (Colombia) and B. moojeni (Brazil), was developed. This EIA was utilized for the evaluation of four antivenoms produced in Mexico (Laboratorios Myn; MYN), Costa Rica (Instituto Clodomiro Picado; ICP), Colombia (Instituto Nacional de Salud; INS) and Brazil (Instituto Butantan; IB). Antivenoms ICP, IB and INS showed a higher titer of antibodies against the three myotoxins tested, with only slight differences between them, depending on the antigen utilized. In contrast, MYN antivenom had very low levels of antibodies to the three myotoxins. Seventeen batches of ICP antivenom were analyzed by EIA, using B. asper myotoxin II as antigen. Although all batches had high anti-myotoxin titers, these varied significantly. Batches produced after 1988 had, in general, higher titers than older (1986-1987) ones. Antivenom stored for one year at 37 degrees C had a ...
In tropical South America, respiratory virus activity continued decreasing following a period of high influenza activity in July and August 2013. In Colombia, the proportions of outpatient visits, hospitalizations, and ICU admissions were similar to reports for the same period in previous years. In Venezuela, ARI and pneumonia levels were reported within the expected values for the time of year. In Ecuador, the number of positive influenza samples steadily decreased since its influenza peak in August 2013. In Peru, reports of ARI in children under 5 years of age have been increasing since July 2013, but were consistent with levels from previous years. In the Plurinational State of Bolivia, the proportion of SARI-related hospitalizations were reported as elevated compared to the data from the same period last year [2012], and laboratory data from CENETROP [National Center of Tropical and Infectious Diseases] in Santa Cruz showed that of 182 SARI samples analyzed in the beginning of October 2013, ...

Poverty News Blog: February 2011Poverty News Blog: February 2011

From the Inter Press Service, writer Helda Martínez gives us some more statistics of the displaced within Colombia. Some 5.2 ... More people are forced to flee their homes in Colombia than any other nation in the world. According to the United Nations ... Most of the people who were displaced in Colombia had their own farms and comfortable lifestyles. Once they are forced out they ... This figure confirms that Colombia still heads the list of countries with the greatest number of people forced to flee their ...
more infohttp://povertynewsblog.blogspot.com/2011/02/

ColombiaColombia

... sets annual minimum capital requirements to establish an insurance company.. In July 2009, Colombia passed Law 1328 to ... Colombia has signed BITs with China, South Korea, Japan India, Luxemburg, and Belgium, and the United Kingdom. Colombia also ... Colombia has a comprehensive legal framework for business. Colombias judicial system defines the legal rights of commercial ... Foreign investors must be domiciled in Colombia to provide travel and tourism agency services within Colombia (Law 32 of 1990, ...
more infohttps://www.state.gov/e/eb/rls/othr/ics/2013/204622.htm

Colombia travel guideColombia travel guide

Read our insiders guide to Colombia, as recommended by Telegraph Travel. Find expert advice and great pictures of top hotels, ... Colombia is arguably the worlds best country for birdwatchers, with 1,800 species, of which 76 are endemic. Natural Reserves ... Colombia is arguably the worlds best country for birdwatchers, with 1,800 species, of which 76 are endemic. ... Chris Moss, our expert, offers a guide to Colombia, including what to do and where to stay. ...
more infohttps://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/south-america/colombia/articles/colombia-travel-guide/

Colombia Travel AdvisoryColombia Travel Advisory

Colombia - Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution. O K E N H U T C ... If you decide to travel to Colombia:. *Be aware of your ... Exercise increased caution in Colombia due to crime, terrorism, and kidnapping. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire ... Review the Crime and Safety Reports for Colombia.. *U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for ... While the Colombian government signed a peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) terrorist group ...
more infohttps://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/traveladvisories/traveladvisories/colombia-travel-advisory.html

Colombia International Travel InformationColombia International Travel Information

Bogotá, D.C. Colombia. Mailing address: Carrera 45 No. 24B-27 Bogotá, D.C. 110111 Colombia. Telephone: +(57) (1) 275-2000. ... You may be denied entry to Colombia if you do not have a return ticket. Visit the Embassy of Colombia website for the most ... If traveling with prescription medication, check with the government of Colombia to ensure the medication is legal in Colombia ... We strongly advise you against entering Colombia overland. Colombias border areas are off-limits to U.S. government personnel ...
more infohttps://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/international-travel/International-Travel-Country-Information-Pages/Colombia.html/

Colombia-Japan relations - WikipediaColombia-Japan relations - Wikipedia

Colombia-Japan relations (Spanish: Relaciones entre Colombia y Japón, Japanese: 日本とコロンビアの関係) refers to the diplomatic relations ... However, the first official embassy was set up by Japan in Bogotá, Colombia in 1934 and the following year Colombia established ... Diplomatic relations between Colombia and Japan were established in a treaty called Friendship, Commerce and Navigation signed ... Japanese products exported to Colombia are mostly assembled vehicles, auto parts, video cameras and communication devices, ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombia%E2%80%93Japan_relations

Colombia - WikitravelColombia - Wikitravel

... south-eastern and north-western Colombia as of 2010, including certain smaller urban centers. Rural areas bordering Venezuela ... It is really important to understand that Colombia is a country of civil conflict. Although the situation has improved in the ... The most important domestic carriers in Colombia [3] are : Avianca [4], COPA Colombia (formerly AeroRepublica) [5], Satena [6] ... WARNING: Even though security in Colombia has increased significantly, travel in Colombia outside metropolitan areas, ...
more infohttps://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Colombia&direction=prev&oldid=1989679

Colombia PostsColombia Posts

Neatorama Posts Tagged "Colombia" The Time Pablo Escobar And His Family Went To Walt Disney World... (Image Link)Theres one ... Colombias Weirdest Invasive Species: Hippos (Photo:Shaun Wallin)The hippopotamus is not native... ...he Americas. But there ... YouTube Link)The cat in this video is b... ...he survived a leap from a communication tower in Colombia that would have killed ... When you first look at the the Las Lajas Sanctuary... ...t look at the the Las Lajas Sanctuary in Ipiales, Colombia , you ...
more infohttp://www.neatorama.com/tag/Colombia/

Colombia - The New York TimesColombia - The New York Times

... colombia/index.html,The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia,/a, and has struggled with the ,a title=More news and ... colombia/index.html,The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia,/a, and has struggled with the ,a title=More news and ... p,Colombia is located on the northwestern tip of South America. The Colombian government has for decades been engaged in armed ... Colombia is rich in natural resources and is one of the most biodiverse countries on the planet, but has struggled with ...
more infohttps://www.nytimes.com/topic/destination/colombia?inline=nyt-geo

Colombia | Fujifilm GlobalColombia | Fujifilm Global

FUJIFILM COLOMBIA S.A.S.. Business Field(s). Digital Cameras, Camera Accessories, Film Photography, Instant Photography, ... You are here:Home , About Us , Office Location & Contacts , Latin America , Colombia ...
more infohttp://www.fujifilm.com/about/office/latin_america/colombia/

Colombia | Freedom HouseColombia | Freedom House

51] El Comercio, "Colombia: Primera Condena por Injuria en un Foro de Internet," [Colombia: First Conviction for Libel on ... 74] Phillip Acuna, "Colombia to Receive Cyber-Security Assistance from International Experts," Colombia Reports Online, March ... Colombia is home to 58 ISPs, and while 89 percent of the market is concentrated in the hands of four companies, there are ... Colombias ICT sector is subject to numerous regulatory bodies, all of which are part of the executive branch of government to ...
more infohttps://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2014/colombia

Jorge Ulises - Colombia | KivaJorge Ulises - Colombia | Kiva

Currently, 15% of Colombias population has been displaced by the civil war and does not have access to financial services. ... By supporting this loan, youre helping internally-displaced people in the rural, post-conflict regions of Colombia develop ... It helps internally-displaced people in Colombia rebuild and sustain their livelihoods. ... "Friends of Interactuar Colombia": http://www.kiva.org/team/interactuar_colombia ...
more infohttps://www.kiva.org/lend/1878785?minimal=false

Colombias mud volcano | CNN TravelColombia's mud volcano | CNN Travel

Either way, Colombias mud volcano is a messy bath. ... There, on a sandy beach in northern Colombia, a little bit of ... Mud volcano: How to get dirty in Colombia. Micah Spangler, Special to CNN. • Updated 8th December 2015 ...
more infohttps://www.cnn.com/travel/article/colombia-mud-volcano-feat/index.html

Editing Colombia - WikitravelEditing Colombia - Wikitravel

Colombia]] [[WikiPedia:Colombia]] [[Dmoz:South America/Colombia/]] [[World66:southamerica/colombia]] Summary:. ... part of Colombia until 1903. Each day tourism grows, traveling in Colombia is definitely worthwhile. Colombia has diferents ... Colombia]] [[ja:コロンビア]] [[nl:Colombia]] [[pl:Kolumbia]] [[pt:Colômbia]] [[ro:Columbia]] [[ru:Колумбия]] [[sv:Colombia]] [[zh:哥倫 ... pagebanner,Colombia Banner.jpg}} {{cautionbox,The CDC has identified [[Colombia]] as an affected area of the Zika outbreak. ...
more infohttps://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Colombia&action=edit&undoafter=2432460&undo=2432461

Colombia seizes 6.1 tonne cocaine haulColombia seizes 6.1 tonne cocaine haul

Defense Minister Luis Carlos Villegas said the drugs belonged to the Gulf Clan, Colombias largest organized crime group. ...
more infohttps://www.yahoo.com/news/colombia-seizes-6-1-tonne-cocaine-haul-200152583.html

Colombia Genealogy Genealogy - FamilySearch WikiColombia Genealogy Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki

Getting Started with Colombia Research. Links to articles on getting started with Colombia research. ... Colombia Research Tools. Links to articles and websites that assist in Colombia research. ... Colombia Map. Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Colombia. ... Colombia is a country in South America bordered by Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. It was formerly a colony of ...
more infohttps://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Columbia

COLOMBIAS REMONSTRANCE. - The New York TimesCOLOMBIA'S REMONSTRANCE. - The New York Times

The dispatch which he sends in behalf of the Government and people of Colombia to the Senate and people of the United States, ... COLOMBIAS REMONSTRANCE. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ...
more infohttps://www.nytimes.com/1903/11/17/archives/colombias-remonstrance.html

Palomino travel | Colombia - Lonely PlanetPalomino travel | Colombia - Lonely Planet

... but lurking on one side of its urban sprawl is one of Colombias most perfect beaches, while on the other are the dramatic ... making Palomino an almost obligatory stop for Colombia travelers. ... Voted best hostel in Colombia by HostelworldDay 2: Buritaca- ... Colombias best in 2018.Duration: 8 hoursMeals included: • Lunch: Prima Luna Pizza! • DinnerAccommodation included: El Rio ... but lurking on one side of its urban sprawl is one of Colombias most perfect beaches, while on the other are the dramatic ...
more infohttps://www.lonelyplanet.com/colombia/palomino

Armenia travel | Colombia - Lonely PlanetArmenia travel | Colombia - Lonely Planet

This private tour begins at "El Cementerio Libre de Circasia" which is one of the most beautiful cemeteries in Colombia. This ... values and some of the towns of the Coffee cultural Landscape of Colombia. ...
more infohttps://www.lonelyplanet.com/colombia/northwest-colombia/armenia

Colombia | IFPRIColombia | IFPRI

A 1997 Social Accounting Matrix for Colombia. 2005 The 1997 Social Acounting Matrix (SAM) for Colombia has an activities- ... A new path to policy: Colombias participatory climate leadership. Jun 14, 2017 , Alex De Pinto ... With IFPRIs input, stakeholders from Colombias agriculture, forestry, and land use sectors worked together in an innovative, ... Informing climate policy through institutional collaboration: reflections on the preparation of Colombias nationally ...
more infohttps://www.ifpri.org/country/colombia

Ecohabs Tayrona Hotel Review, Colombia | TravelEcohabs Tayrona Hotel Review, Colombia | Travel

Colombia hotel review on Telegraph Travel. See great photos, full ratings, facilities, expert advice and book the best hotel ... Ecohabs are owned and operated by Aviatur, the largest travel and tourism company in Colombia, and they offer a multitude of ... Ecohabs Santa Marta, Cañaveral Beach, Park Tayrona, Santa Marta, Colombia. 00 571 5875181 ecohabsantamarta.com/tayrona ...
more infohttps://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/south-america/colombia/tayrona/hotels/Ecohabs-Tayrona-hotel/

Colombia - The Japan TimesColombia - The Japan Times

Amid criticism, Colombia defends claim that Venezuelas Maduro supports rebels. Colombia on Monday publicly defended a dossier ... Protests in Colombia spark backlash against Venezuelan migrants. Daniels Herrera kept quiet on his long walk home from work ... Japan U-22 lacks finishing touch in loss against Colombia. A lack of ruthlessness in front of the goal proved costly for ... Peru and Colombia called on Tuesday on fellow Amazonian countries to attend a presidential meeting next month on the forest ...
more infohttps://www.japantimes.co.jp/tag/colombia/

Colombia - The Japan TimesColombia - The Japan Times

Colombia grants 440,000 Venezuelan migrants temporary permission to stay. Colombia on Thursday temporarily granted more than ... Colombia is asking the United Nations to intervene as it steps up efforts to manage the Venezuelan migrant crisis, Foreign ... Colombia arrests suspected kidnapper of Ecuadoran press team later found slain. Colombian authorities announced on Wednesday ... The U.S. Navy is sending a hospital ship to Colombia on a mission to assist in the humanitarian crisis in neighboring Venezuela ...
more infohttps://www.japantimes.co.jp/tag/colombia/page/2/

Goudprijs ColombiaGoudprijs Colombia

Gold Price Colombia. Colombia is officially known as the Republic of Colombia. This South American nation is a sovereign state ... The peso has been Colombias currency since 1810 at which time it replaced the real. In 1871, Colombia went on the gold ... Colombia has been a net exporter of oil since 1986.. The Colombian Mint is a world class precious metals refinery located in ... Colombia is rich in natural resources. The country has the largest coal reserves in Latin America, and it is also rich in ...
more infohttps://goldprice.org/nl/gold-price-colombia.html

German MARTINEZ - Olympic Swimming | ColombiaGerman MARTINEZ - Olympic Swimming | Colombia

Official profile of Olympic athlete German MARTINEZ (born 05 Jun 1979), including games, medals, results, photos, videos and news.
more infohttps://www.olympic.org/german-martinez
  • While the Colombian government signed a peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) terrorist group, some dissident groups refuse to demobilize. (state.gov)
  • The most recent scandal concerned unauthorized surveillance of the highly-sensitive peace talks in Havana, which were organized to negotiate an end to the longstanding armed conflict between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). (freedomhouse.org)
  • Colombia on Monday publicly defended a dossier it says proves Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro supports guerrilla groups and drug traffickers, but removed the armed forces' head of intelligence after widespread criticism of the report. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Venezuelan authorities vowed Monday to 'root out' plots against President Nicolas Maduro after what they said was a weekend drone 'assassination' bid backed by Colombia. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Wikipedia contributors, "Colombia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombia , accessed 3 May 2016. (familysearch.org)
  • A commercial presence in the country (defined as a registered place of business, a branch, or an agent) is a standard operating practice for conducting business in Colombia. (state.gov)
  • It is really important to understand that Colombia is a country of civil conflict. (wikitravel.org)
  • Colombia is an equatorial country, so there are no seasons, what Colombians normally refer to as winter is the rainy season. (wikitravel.org)
  • Ecohabs are owned and operated by Aviatur, the largest travel and tourism company in Colombia, and they offer a multitude of different excursions around the country. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The primary regulations governing foreign investment in Colombia are Law 9 of 1991, Decree 2080 of 2000, CONPES Resolutions 51, 52, and 53, and Resolution 21 of the Board of Directors of the Central Bank. (state.gov)
  • Despite this improvement, significant challenges still hamper widespread internet access in Colombia. (freedomhouse.org)
  • NGOs have also begun calling for more information regarding the scope of government surveillance and threats to user privacy, issues that will likely gain greater traction in Colombia as internet use becomes more widespread. (freedomhouse.org)
  • A biennial Ibero-American Theatre Festival ( colombia.travel ), architecture tours and a booming gastronomy scene make the capital, Bogotá a worthy stopover. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • U.S. government personnel cannot travel freely throughout Colombia for security reasons. (state.gov)
  • However, the first official embassy was set up by Japan in Bogotá , Colombia in 1934 and the following year Colombia established its embassy in Tokyo . (wikipedia.org)
  • With Panama to the north, Colombia is surrounded by Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, and Ecuador and Peru to the south west. (wikitravel.org)
  • Although Columbus never actually set foot on the current Colombian territory, in his fourth voyage he visited Panama, which was part of Colombia until 1903. (wikitravel.org)
  • The dispatch which he sends in behalf of the Government and people of Colombia to the Senate and people of the United States, protesting against measures taken by us which have resulted in the secession and independence of Panama, will not be heeded. (nytimes.com)
  • Can someone please tell me the cheapest way to get to Colombia to Panama ? (tripadvisor.com)
  • i think ill try and get to turbo in colombia then make my way across to Panama . (tripadvisor.com)
  • In a 2013 court case against Google, a judge ruled that the search engine was not liable for the third-party content to which it linked, establishing a positive precedent for intermediary liability in Colombia (see Limits on Content ). (freedomhouse.org)
  • Colombia is one of the equatorial countries of the world, but unique in its extreme topography and abundance of water. (wikitravel.org)
  • Along with traditional programmes to attend to migratory flows abroad, voluntary returns, and the reintegration of Colombians returning from other countries, and strengthening the government's capacity to address migratory issues and provide technical cooperation for migration, IOM has redesigned its activities in Colombia to the needs of populations affected by forced migration. (iom.int)
  • After the dissolution of the Administrative Department of Security, which was also in charge of migratory services, the Colombian Government, under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, created Migración Colombia in order to carry out the customs and migration enforcement tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Government of Colombia actively encourages foreign direct investment. (state.gov)
  • By supporting this loan, you're helping internally-displaced people in the rural, post-conflict regions of Colombia develop their businesses and provide for their families. (kiva.org)
  • Colombia Is Dealing With a Terrifying Refugee Crisis. (nytimes.com)
  • The U.S. Navy is sending a hospital ship to Colombia on a mission to assist in the humanitarian crisis in neighboring Venezuela, a defense official said Tuesday. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Colombia imposes the same investment restrictions on foreign investors that it does on national investors. (state.gov)
  • Diplomatic relations between Colombia and Japan were established in a treaty called Friendship, Commerce and Navigation signed in Washington, D.C. , United States on May 25, 1908. (wikipedia.org)
  • And if estimates by some investigators turn out to be correct, Colombia will soon count more disappeared victims than Argentina or Peru. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Links to articles on getting started with Colombia research. (familysearch.org)
  • Links to articles and websites that assist in Colombia research. (familysearch.org)
  • After that, I hope to work in academia and research in Colombia. (purdue.edu)
  • ANORI, Colombia -- A team of forensic anthropologists painstakingly dug up the bodies -- two from the town's decaying mausoleum, others from the moist earth in the cemetery, a couple from a field nearby. (washingtonpost.com)
  • That number is three times as high as estimates made by human rights groups in 2005 after a forensics team unearthed dozens of bodies at El Palmar, a farm in San Onofre, northeastern Colombia, that paramilitary forces had used as a base. (washingtonpost.com)
  • C hris Moss, our expert, offers a guide to Colombia, including what to do and where to stay. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Colombia has a comprehensive legal framework for business. (state.gov)
  • Japanese products exported to Colombia are mostly assembled vehicles, auto parts, video cameras and communication devices, while Colombian products exported to Japan were mostly coffee , grains, and nickel , and on a minor scale emeralds , exotic reptile skins, and chocolate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exercise increased caution in Colombia due to crime, terrorism, and kidnapping . (state.gov)
  • t look at the the Las Lajas Sanctuary in Ipiales, Colombia , you wonder why such a massive structure was buil. (neatorama.com)
  • In Colombia, a loosely organized coalition of paramilitary groups was better known for selectively assassinating adversaries or carrying out massacres of villagers before its militias completed a three-year disarmament in 2006. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Colombia has diferents kinds of ecosystems, so you can choose the places to visit depending on which "season" you want to stay. (wikitravel.org)
  • A lack of ruthlessness in front of the goal proved costly for Japan's Olympic hopefuls on Sunday as they lost 2-0 to Colombia in an under-22 friendly. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • All foreign direct investment that involves the establishment of a commercial presence in Colombia requires registration with the Superintendent of Corporations ('Super Sociedades') and the local chamber of commerce. (state.gov)