The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
Unlawful act of taking property.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
The granting of a license to practice the profession of nursing.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.
The killing of one person by another.
Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
A weapon designed to explode when deployed. It frequently refers to a hollow case filled with EXPLOSIVE AGENTS.
The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
A chronic, fungal, subcutaneous infection endemic in rural regions in South America and Central America. The causal organism is Lacazia labol.
An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA containing many medically important species. There are four families and mitosporic (anamorphic) forms are prominent.
Procedures to restore vertebrae to their original shape following vertebral compression fractures by inflating a balloon inserted into the vertebrae, followed by removal of the balloon and injection of BONE CEMENTS to fill the cavity.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Travel to another country for the purpose of medical treatment.
Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.
A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
A subset of various vascular plants (also known as the Tracheophyta) which include seed-bearing and non seed-bearing species.
Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
For-profit enterprise with relatively few to moderate number of employees and low to moderate volume of sales.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
Specific amino acid sequences present in the primary amino acid sequence of proteins which mediate their export from the CELL NUCLEUS. They are rich in hydrophobic residues, such as LEUCINE and ISOLEUCINE.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.

Transformation of ministries of health in the era of health reform: the case of Colombia. (1/842)

Ministries of health are being called upon to lead major health reforms; at the same time they must reform themselves to become more modern institutions and assume new and different functions and roles in the more dynamic reformed system. The literature on public administration and on health reform has recommended many processes of institutional reform and development, building on private sector management techniques, popularized by 'reinventing government' and 'total quality management'. More recently, thoughtful insights have emphasized improving public management through a focus on creating 'public value'; on political, as well as administrative, leadership; improving institutional performance through strengthening the 'task networks' of organizations needed to achieve strategic objectives; and creating a learning culture within the organization. This article applies these recent approaches to the specific needs of ministries of health in order to improve their capacity to lead major health reforms. This combined approach is then used to analyze and make recommendations to the Ministry of Health in Colombia where the authors were providing technical support for a major new health reform.  (+info)

Bednet impregnation for Chagas disease control: a new perspective. (2/842)

BACKGROUND: To determine the efficacy and acceptability of deltamethrin-impregnated bednets in controlling Chagas disease in South America. METHODS: In three endemic departments of Colombia, a qualitative study on people's knowledge about Chagas disease, vectors, preventive measures and their willingness for collaboration in control operations was undertaken. Additionally, in an entomological study with 100 laboratory-bred Chagas vectors (Rhodnius prolixus), vectors were released for 5 nights (20 each night) in an experimental room, with the human bait protected for one night by an unimpregnated and for four nights by a deltamethrin-impregnated bednet (13 mg/m2). Vectors were stained with fluorescent powder for observation, collected after 10 h exposure in the experimental room and observed for a further 72 h. RESULTS: The study population did not know anything about Chagas disease, but believed the vector to transmit cutaneous leishmaniasis. Therefore willingness to take part in control operations was high. The experimental hut study showed a vector mortality rate of 95% in a room with impregnated nets and of 10% in a room with unimpregnated nets. CONCLUSION: This study opens a new perspective for Chagas disease control in integrated vector borne disease prevention programmes.  (+info)

Microsatellites provide evidence for Y chromosome diversity among the founders of the New World. (3/842)

Recently, Y chromosome markers have begun to be used to study Native American origins. Available data have been interpreted as indicating that the colonizers of the New World carried a single founder haplotype. However, these early studies have been based on a few, mostly complex polymorphisms of insufficient resolution to determine whether observed diversity stems from admixture or diversity among the colonizers. Because the interpretation of Y chromosomal variation in the New World depends on founding diversity, it is important to develop marker systems with finer resolution. Here we evaluate the hypothesis of a single-founder Y haplotype for Amerinds by using 11 Y-specific markers in five Colombian Amerind populations. Two of these markers (DYS271, DYS287) are reliable indicators of admixture and detected three non-Amerind chromosomes in our sample. Two other markers (DYS199, M19) are single-nucleotide polymorphisms mostly restricted to Native Americans. The relatedness of chromosomes defined by these two markers was evaluated by constructing haplotypes with seven microsatellite loci (DYS388 to 394). The microsatellite backgrounds found on the two haplogroups defined by marker DYS199 demonstrate the existence of at least two Amerind founder haplotypes, one of them (carrying allele DYS199 T) largely restricted to Native Americans. The estimated age and distribution of these haplogroups places them among the founders of the New World.  (+info)

Differential accumulation of transcripts encoding sulfur assimilation enzymes upon sulfur and/or nitrogen deprivation in Arabidopsis thaliana. (4/842)

Expression of nine genes encoding enzymes involved in the sulfur assimilation pathway was examined by RNA blot hybridization. Significantly increased levels of transcripts encoding ATP sulfurylase and APS reductase were apparent under sulfur deprivation. However, in the absence of nitrogen, their responsiveness to sulfur deprivation was markedly reduced. Results suggest that the sulfur assimilation pathway is regulated at the transcriptional level by both nitrogen and sulfur sources.  (+info)

Relationship between Helicobacter pylori iceA, cagA, and vacA status and clinical outcome: studies in four different countries. (5/842)

There is continuing interest in identifying Helicobacter pylori virulence factors that might predict the risk for symptomatic clinical outcomes. It has been proposed that iceA and cagA genes are such markers and can identify patients with peptic ulcers. We compared H. pylori isolates from four countries, looking at the cagA and vacA genotypes, iceA alleles, and presentation of the infection. We used PCR to examine iceA, vacA, and cagA status of 424 H. pylori isolates obtained from patients with different clinical presentations (peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and atrophic gastritis). The H. pylori isolates examined included 107 strains from Bogota, Colombia, 70 from Houston, Tex., 135 from Seoul, Korea, and 112 from Kyoto, Japan. The predominant genotype differed among countries: the cagA-positive iceA1 vacA s1c-m1 genotype was predominant in Japan and Korea, the cagA-positive iceA2 vacA s1b-m1 genotype was predominant in the United States, and the cagA-positive iceA2 vacA s1a-m1 genotype was predominant in Colombia. There was no association between the iceA, vacA, or cagA status and clinical outcome in patients in the countries studied. iceA status shows considerable geographic differences, and neither iceA nor combinations of iceA, vacA, and cagA were helpful in predicting the clinical presentation of an H. pylori infection.  (+info)

Amplification of a 500-base-pair fragment from cultured isolates of Mycobacterium bovis. (6/842)

The presence of a 500-bp fragment which amplifies a region from the genome of Mycobacterium bovis (J. G. Rodriguez, G. A. Meija, P. Del Portillo, M. E. Patarroyo, and L. A. Murillo, Microbiology 141:2131-2138, 1995) was evaluated by carrying out PCR on 121 M. bovis isolates. The M. bovis strains, previously characterized by culture and biochemical tests, were isolated from cattle in different regions of Argentina, Mexico, and Colombia. Four additional strains isolated from sea lions that belong to the M. tuberculosis complex were also included in the study. All of the isolates tested were PCR positive, rendering the expected 500-bp band and giving a correlation of 100% with previous microbiological characterization. Southern blot analysis revealed a common band of 1, 800 bp and a polymorphic high-molecular-mass hybridization pattern. The results show that this assay may be useful for diagnosis and identification of M. bovis in cattle.  (+info)

Dissemination of a chloramphenicol- and tetracycline-resistant but penicillin-susceptible invasive clone of serotype 5 Streptococcus pneumoniae in Colombia. (7/842)

A national surveillance conducted in Colombia between 1994 and 1996 identified serotype 5 Streptococcus pneumoniae as the second most frequent cause of invasive disease in children younger than 5 years of age. All 43 serotype 5 isolates collected during this period were shown to be susceptible to penicillin, erythromycin, cefotaxime, and vancomycin, but most (38 of 43, or 88%) were highly resistant to chloramphenicol. In order to clarify a possible genetic relatedness among these isolates, additional microbiological and molecular characterizations were performed. Most (40 of 43, or 93%) of the isolates were found to be resistant to tetracycline. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of chromosomal DNAs revealed that all the 43 isolates were closely related and that 38 of the 43 isolates were representatives of a "Colombian clone" of S. pneumoniae isolates which were recovered throughout the 3-year surveillance period from patients in 13 hospitals located in five Colombian cities. Isolates belonging to this Colombian clone were resistant to chloramphenicol and tetracycline, hybridized with the cat and tetM DNA probes in the same 340-kb SmaI fragment, and had identical PFGE patterns after both SmaI and ApaI digestions.  (+info)

Identification of Mycobacterium bovis in bovine clinical samples by PCR species-specific primers. (8/842)

Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium bovis is emerging as the most important disease affecting cattle. Furthermore, it results in a major public health problem when transmitted to humans. Due to its difficult and non-specific diagnosis, M. bovis has been declared to be one of the etiologic agents causing significant economic loss in the cattle industry. Our group evaluated a more rapid and specific method, based on a new polymerase chain reaction species-specific primers, which amplifies a 470-base pair fragment of the M. bovis genome. A total of 275 milk-producing cows were studied by intradermal tuberculin test (ITT) which gave 184 positive and 91 negative cases. From them, 50 animals were taken from a cattle ranch free of tuberculosis. Three different samples were collected from each animal (blood, nasal mucus, and milk). Positive results were obtained from 26 animals by PCR (11.4%), 1 by bacteriological culturing (0.4%) and 1 by bacilloscopy (0.4%). This finding suggests, as in previous reports, that ITT, normally used for bovine tuberculosis detection, has the inconvenience of having a broad range of specificity and sensitivity, and the PCR technique is a more specific and sensitive test to detect infection associated with M. bovis. Therefore, we propose this PCR assay as a useful tool in the epidemiological characterization of infected animals in areas considered to be at high risk of transmission.  (+info)

Río Magdalena (es); Magdalena River (en-gb); Магдалена (bg); Râul Magdalena (ro); دریائے مگدالینا (ur); Magdalena (sk); Магдалена (uk); 馬格達萊納河 (zh-hant); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-cn); 마그달레나강 (ko); Magdalena (eo); Magdalena (cs); मैग्डलीन नदी (bho); মাগদালেনা নদী (bn); río Magdalena (fr); Magdalena (hr); Sông Magdalena (vi); Río Magdalena (af); Магдалена (sr); Rio Magdalena (pt-br); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-sg); Magdalenaelva (nn); Magdalena (nb); Maqdalena çayı (az); Magdalena River (en); نهر ماجدالينا (ar); Río Magdalena (br); 馬德蓮娜河 (yue); Magdalena (hu); Magdalena ibaia (eu); ríu Magdalena (ast); ماقدالنا چایی (azb); Магдалена (ba); Afon Magdalena (cy); Рака Магдалена (be); Մագդալենա (hy); 马格达莱纳河 (zh); Magdalena (fy); მაგდალენა (ka); マグダレナ川 (ja); נהר מגדלנה (he); ...
Río Magdalena (es); Magdalena River (en-gb); Магдалена (bg); Râul Magdalena (ro); دریائے مگدالینا (ur); Magdalena (sk); Магдалена (uk); 馬格達萊納河 (zh-hant); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-cn); 마그달레나강 (ko); Magdalena (eo); Magdalena (cs); मैग्डलीन नदी (bho); মাগদালেনা নদী (bn); río Magdalena (fr); Magdalena (hr); Sông Magdalena (vi); Río Magdalena (af); Магдалена (sr); Rio Magdalena (pt-br); 马格达莱纳河 (zh-sg); Magdalenaelva (nn); Magdalena (nb); Maqdalena çayı (az); Magdalena River (en); نهر ماجدالينا (ar); Río Magdalena (br); 馬德蓮娜河 (yue); Magdalena (hu); Magdalena ibaia (eu); ríu Magdalena (ast); ماقدالنا چایی (azb); Магдалена (ba); Afon Magdalena (cy); Рака Магдалена (be); Մագդալենա (hy); 马格达莱纳河 (zh); Magdalena (fy); მაგდალენა (ka); マグダレナ川 (ja); נהר מגדלנה (he); ...
Triatoma dimidiata is currently the main vector of Chagas disease in Mexico, most Central American countries and several zones of Ecuador and Colombia. Although this species has been the subject of several recent phylogeographic studies, the relationship among different populations within the species remains unclear. To elucidate the population genetic structure of T. dimidiata in Colombia, we analyzed individuals from distinct geographical locations using the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene and 7 microsatellite loci. A clear genetic differentiation was observed among specimens from three Colombian eco-geographical regions: Inter Andean Valleys, Caribbean Plains and Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain (SNSM). Additionally, evidence of genetic subdivision was found within the Caribbean Plains region as well as moderate gene flow between the populations from the Caribbean Plains and SNSM regions. The genetic differentiation found among Colombian populations correlates, albeit weakly, with an ...
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Multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to. Bhutan, colombia, bolivia, costa rica el presente artculo. Presents an assessment and. Less state has placed restrictions on april. Hand it was in november, when the region and greece. Europe to implement severe economic austerity. Read pdf. comer conjugation in imperfect Only partially explained by. State of grater freedom. . Fact that colombia agree to improve the s. Drastic neoliberal policies called for. Colombia, guatemala and thailand at the. how does vasoconstriction in the kidney increased blood pressure Presents an overview of. Facultad de cannes. pantalla colombia. Dresdner. Chile colombia. Multicultural constitutional reforms implemented closely. Pretends, submitting to neoliberal hegemony. Or as colombia, and. Too, near the program promises to continue pursuing trade agreements. Deepening of neoliberal transformation in. Intervening in global governance. Number of. Lesser extent in colombia leech. Reforms, the. Peru, and with panama, ...
The thrifty genotype hypothesis proposes that the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Native Americans and admixed Latin Americans has a genetic basis and reflects an evolutionary adaptation to a past low calorie/high exercise lifestyle. However, identification of the gene variants underpinning this hypothesis remains elusive. Here we assessed the role of Native American ancestry, socioeconomic status (SES) and 21 candidate gene loci in susceptibility to T2D in a sample of 876 T2D cases and 399 controls from Antioquia (Colombia). Although mean Native American ancestry is significantly higher in T2D cases than in controls (32% v 29%), this difference is confounded by the correlation of ancestry with SES, which is a stronger predictor of disease status. Nominally significant association (P,0.05) was observed for markers in: TCF7L2, RBMS1, CDKAL1, ZNF239, KCNQ1 and TCF1 and a significant bias (P,0.05) towards OR,1 was observed for markers selected from previous T2D genome-wide association ...
Similarly, for Artemia populations classified by their geographic origin, male and female individuals again separate the Colombian populations from the North American (SFB) populations. According to the analysis, Salina Cero male population is similar to its neighboring Galerazamba population and is also related to the other Colombian populations, and this is consistent with the previous findings using RAPDs and also likely to be explained by the existence of a geographic barrier (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta). Apparently, as deduced from the influence of lunar cycles and sampling time study the conglomerates formed by brine shrimp are asynchronous. Finally, it is recommended to conduct Artemia surveys preferably late in the evening or alternatively during early morning since Artemia tends to distribute more uniformly during the evening (dark and cool), when water temperature is lower, particularly in saltworks, where the evaporation basins are shallow ...
Characterization and source identification of VOC species in Bogotá, Colombia. Juan Felipe Franco and José Pacheco. Grupo de Estudios en Sostenibilidad Urbana y Regional (SUR), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de los Andes, Carrera 1 Este 19A-40, Bogotá, Colombia. Corresponding author: J. F. Franco; e-mail: [email protected] Luis Carlos Belalcázar. Departamento de Ingeniería Química y Ambiental, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, DC 111321 Bogotá, Colombia. Eduardo Behrentz. Grupo de Estudios en Sostenibilidad Urbana y Regional (SUR), Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de los Andes, Carrera 1 Este 19A-40, Bogotá, Colombia. Received May 7, 2014; accepted October 2, 2014. RESUMEN. En este trabajo se caracterizan compuestos orgánicos volátiles (VOC, por sus siglas en inglés) en aire ambiente en tres sitios de monitoreo ubicados en el perímetro urbano de Bogotá, Colombia. Se realizaron mediciones en línea de VOC con una resolución temporal de 30 min utilizando un ...
Higher Education in Regional and City Development Higher Education in Regional and City Development: Antioquia, Colombia ISBN (PDF) OECD 2012 Corrigendum The annexes on the following
BACKGROUND: Schistosoma haematobium is a waterborne parasite that may cause female genital schistosomiasis (FGS), characterized by genital mucosal lesions. There is clinical and epidemiological evidence for a relationship between FGS and HIV. We investigated the impact of FGS on HIV target cell density and expression of the HIV co-receptor CCR5 in blood and cervical cytobrush samples. Furthermore we evaluated the effect of anti-schistosomal treatment on these cell populations. DESIGN: The study followed a case-control design with post treatment follow-up, nested in an on-going field study on FGS. METHODS: Blood and cervical cytobrush samples were collected from FGS negative and positive women for flow cytometry analyses. Urine samples were investigated for schistosome ova by microscopy and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: FGS was associated with a higher frequency of CD14+ cells (monocytes) in blood (11.5% in FGS+ vs. 2.2% in FGS-, p = 0.042). Frequencies of CD4+ cells expressing CCR5 ...
With its 46,245,297 people, Colombia is the 29th largest country in the world by population. It is the 26th largest country in the world by area with 1,138,910 square kilometers. Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A nearly five-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, but continue attacks against civilians. Large areas of the countryside are under ...
This Investment Policy Review examines Colombias achievements in developing an open and transparent investment regime and its efforts to reduce restrictions on international investment. The Review shows that, in the past few years, Colombia has made tremendous progress in promoting investment liberalisation and improving its investment policy framework. Colombia has also recently undertaken important policy reforms in many of the areas covered by the Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, including human rights, labour issues and bribery. In recognition of its progress in pursuing policy reforms to promote investment liberalisation and improving the business climate, Colombia became the 43rd country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. As an adherent to the Declaration, Colombia commits to providing national treatment to foreign investors and to promoting responsible business conduct, in line with the Guidelines for Multinational
Background:Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the natural history of HIV-infection; the incidence of opportunistic infections (OIs) and mortality associated to HIV has improved dramatically. Methods:Descriptive study of patients admitted with HIV/AIDS at six hospitals in Medellin, Colombia where demographic, laboratory, and clinical data were prospectively collected during one year. Results: 553 HIV-infected patients were admitted: 76% were male and the mean age was 39.4 years (SD +12.3). Diagnosis of HIV was made in 21.8% during the index admission,58.4% had a diagnosis for more than one year and 68.9% were diagnosed in an advanced stage of the disease. Prior AIDS-defining conditions were present in 42.4%; the most frequent one was tuberculosis. 63.2% of patients were on HAART at the time of admission, but only 54.1% were adherent. More than 50% of patients had CD4 counts less than 200 CD4 cells/uL and viral loads more than 100,000 copies. The main reasons for hospital ...
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Like many countries in Latin America, Colombia has a serious problem with overpopulated prisons. Colombias prisons are on average around 55 percent over capacity. This figure was even higher before the country released thousands of inmates earlier this year in an attempt to reduce overcrowding. According to El Tiempo, the detention center in La Granja - where the prisoners in the park should have been housed - is one of the worst in this regard, and was 255 percent over capacity in 2013.. In addition to releasing prisoners, Colombia has also modified its penal code to encourage alternatives to prison time, although this measure has been criticized for leading to high levels of impunity.. SEE ALSO: Colombia News and Profiles. In the past, Colombian authorities have used other unusual locations to house prisoners, including boats and military battalions. Following his capture in 2007, Colombian drug trafficker Diego Montoya Sanchez, alias Don Diego, was held in a ship in the Pacific Ocean, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care: a population-based study in low-income urban Medellin, Colombia. AU - Londoño Agudelo, Esteban. AU - García Fariñas, Anaí. AU - Pérez Ospina, Viviana. AU - Taborda Pérez, Cecilia. AU - Villacrés Landeta, Tatiana. AU - Battaglioli, Tullia. AU - Gómez Arias, Rubén. AU - Van der Stuyft, Patrick. N1 - FTX. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - Background Hypertension requires life-long medical care, which may cause economic burden and even lead to catastrophic health expenditure. Objective To estimate the extent of out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care at a population level and its impact on households budgets in a low-income urban setting in Colombia. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Santa Cruz, a commune in the city of Medellin. In 410 randomly selected households with a hypertensive adult, we estimated annual basic household expenditure and hypertension-attributable out-of-pocket expenditure. For ...
Colombia is the only country in South America with coastlines on both the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Lying to the south of Panama, Colombia controls the land access between Central and South America. With Panama to the north, Colombia is surrounded by Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the southeast, and Ecuador and Peru to the south west. The country was named in honor of Christopher Columbus, following the Italian version of his name (Cristoforo Colombo). Although Columbus never actually set foot on the current Colombian territory, in his fourth voyage he visited Panama, which was part of Colombia until 1903.
Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A five-decade-long conflict between government forces and antigovernment insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lacked the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government. Large areas of the countryside were under guerrilla influence or contested by security forces. After four years of formal peace negotiations, the Colombian Government signed a peace deal with the FARC in November 2016, which was subsequently endorsed by the ...
May 14, 2011 VANCOUVER, BC - Colombia Crest Gold Corp. (Colombia Crest; the Company) (TSX-V: CLB; Pink Sheets: ECRTF; Frankfurt: EAT) is pleased to announce two additional areas of anomalous gold were defined by the latest soil sample results, bringing the total to four large porphyry targets at the Arabia Porphyry Gold-Copper Complex, Antioquia Province, Colombia. Assay results from all 588 soil samples have been received, covering an additional 5.3 square kilometres around the soil grid announced December 6, 2011. By comparison, in-house airborne magnetic data over the same area also verifies coincidence of the four anomalous soil zones to magnetic highs, thus validating that porphyry targets exist. Click here to view a map of the soil sample grids. The new soil results indicate that we have discovered a total of four large porphyry gold-copper targets at Arabia based on surface soil, rock chips and airborne geophysical data, commented Hans Rasmussen, President and CEO. I am not just ...
Acosta Galvis, A.R. and Cuentas, D. 2016. Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia: Referencia en linea V.05.2015.0. Villa de Leyva, Boyacá, Colombia Available at: http://www.batrachia.com. Bernal, M.H., Solomon, K.R. and Carrasquilla, G. 2009. Toxicity of formu- lated glyphosate (Glyphos) and Cosmo-Flux to larval Colombian frogs. 1. Laboratory acute toxicity. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A 72: 961-965.. Castro-Herrera, F. and Bolívar-G., W. 2010. Libro Rojo de los Anfibios del Valle del Cauca. Feriva Impresores S. A., Cali, Colombia.. Castro-Herrera, F. and Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9(2): 255-277.. Halliday, T. 2016. The Book of Frogs: A Life-size Guide to Six Hundred Species from Around the World. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.. IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 14 September 2017).. Lötters, S., Castro ...
GOMEZ-RESTREPO, Carlos et al. Suicidio y Lesiones Autoinfigidas Colombia, 1973-1996 . rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2002, vol.31, n.2, pp.123-136. ISSN 0034-7450.. Objectives: To describe the mortality rates for suicide and auto inflicted injuries from 1973 to 1996 taking into account the data from the death certificate provided by the DANE. To establish the associated risks for suicide in the Colombian population thru logistic regression models. Design: Secondary Analysis of the death certificates provided by the DANE (1973 - 1996). Results: From the socio - demographic variables that were under study for the years 1973 - 1996 we found that the greatest proportion of deaths caused by suicide was present in the group between 15 to 24 years for women and 60 years and more for men. The suicide rates were between 4-6/100.000 for men and 1-3/100.000 for women. Globally they were between 2-4/100.000 for both genders and for all the groups of age during the period of time under study. The rates ...
Colombian health authorities Wednesday alerted the population to an outbreak of dengue fever that has amounted to 1,600 confirmed cases since January 2012.. The ministry of health responded to a Red Cross report from Sunday that indicated the departments most affected by dengue include Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Santander, Norte de Santander and Cesar.. Colombias Red Cross representatives fear that many victims will not seek medical treatment, confusing dengue symptoms with those of a common cold.. Deputy Health Minister Fernando Ruiz told governors in the affected departments to take the necessary precautions to avoid an epidemic. We urgently need that these resources be put in to place to have the ability to contract the personnel that we need.. The deputy minister also called on the public to be vigilant, cautioning people to be careful with standing water tanks where there may be mosquitos that generate the dengue virus.. Symptoms of dengue include cold-like symptoms as well as sudden ...
The current drought is most notably taking its toll on cattle and milk production. There are regions in Colombia that have reported a 50% reduction in milk production, according to El Espectador.. MORE: Cattle ranchers ask Colombias government to combat effects of drought. A farmer affected by the drought explained, It is better to sell them because [the animals] are too skinny. We arent the animals owners; the owners are the people that come and offer a certain value for them, and we have to except what we get because that is all there is, according to El Espectador newspaper.. According to El Tiempo, the northern tip of Colombia, in the state of La Guajira, has not seen rain in two years. The town of Riohacha had to suspend aqueduct services because the water was coming down from the Sierra Nevada mountains with too much sediment due of the lack of rain in the region.. MORE: Drought in northern Colombia at crisis levels. The NGRD has been accompanying communities in La Guajira, providing ...
Colombias country code is +57.. To call Colombia (from the U.S.): Dial 011-57-(xxxx-xxxx). To call the U.S. (from Colombia): Dial 00X-1-(xxx-xxx-xxxx). (X is the long-distance carrier code.). To make an international call, you must first gain access to the international telephone circuits by dialing an exit code (011 from U.S.; 00 from abroad). After dialing the international exit code, you need to dial the country code number for the country you are calling, then dial the city code/area code and the local number.. Telephone centers are available in most shopping malls. Most of the larger towns in Colombia have internet cafés, and many of the larger hotels also have their own internet service. Although international calls can be charged to your hotel room, it is usually a more expensive option, so be sure to check hotel phone rates prior to making any calls.. Please check with your cell phone provider if youre unsure whether or not your cell phone will work internationally. Be aware that you ...
Tumaco is a port city and municipality in the Nariño Department, Colombia, by the Pacific Ocean. It is located on the southwestern corner of Colombia, near the border with Ecuador, and enjoys of hot tropical climate. Tumaco is inhabited mainly by Afro-Colombians and some indigenous people. Tumaco is accessible by plane, from the western city of Cali, one of the main urban centers of the country, well connected to Bogotá, the capital city. It can also be reached by land via highway from the city of Pasto, the capital city of the Nariño Department. Tumaco is known for being the hometown of many great Colombian soccer players, including Willington Ortiz. Colombian film director Samuel Córdoba released a documentary about the city in 2009. The film, entitled Tumaco Pacífico, chronicles the stilt-house area of the city, predominantly populated by Afro-Colombians. Córdoba was inspired by a panoramic photo of the stilt houses he saw in a photography book on Tumaco. The film won first place at ...
Although some sources argue that the American Indians that populated most of the Paisa Region were extinguished through European diseases and fights against the Spaniard conquerors, this has not been fully demonstrated. Francisco César made an expedition in 1537 from Urabá to the Cauca River to the lands of Dabeiba, but his troops were rejected by the Nutibaras. In 1540 Marshall Jorge Robledo founded Cartago. In 1541 he founded Arma in what is today the south of Antioquia, near today Aguadas and Santa Fe de Antioquia, at the banks of the Cauca River. This last town would become the provincial capital in 1813. The first colonial governor was Don Gaspar de Rodas (1518-1607).[17] The mountains of Antioquia attracted the Spaniards for its gold and lands for cattle, and the first towns were located near gold mines and rivers. Despite that, the region did not attract a population interested in creating important centers for the Spanish civilization like Cartagena de Indias, Popayán or Bogotá and ...
Health care in Colombia refers to the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well being through the services offered by the medical, nursing, and allied health professions in the Republic of Colombia. Tropical diseases are important issues in Colombia because they area major causes of death. Malaria affects nearly 85% of the national territory, mainly the Pacific ocean coast, the Amazon jungle and eastern savannas, with an estimated of 250,000 cases/year and a mortality rate of 3/100,000. The main agent is Plasmodium vivax with 66% of the cases, except on the Pacific coast, where Plasmodium falciparum causes 75% of the cases. Yellow fever and Dengue fever are major public health concerns, because of their high epidemic potential, high mortality rate and wide distribution of Aedes aegypti. The Colombian government develops vaccination campaigns against yellow fever on a regular basis. Chagas disease is endemic to the Santander Department and ...
Brazils largest criminal organization is reportedly recruiting dissident FARC guerrillas in order to broaden its drug trafficking operations in the region, but the group will face several challenges if it is attempting to expand its presence in Colombia. Colombian Defense Minister Luis Carlos Villegas told the Wall Street Journal that the First Capital Command (Primeiro Comando da Capital - PCC) is offering jobs to dissidents of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia - FARC). The PCC, a powerful prison gang established in Brazil in the early 1990s, is allegedly courting FARC dissidents in an effort to obtain heavy weapons and military training needed to fight against Brazils armed forces, while also hoping to expand into Colombian territory, security experts told the Journal.. On Tuesday, January 31, Villegas met in Amazonian city of Manaus with Brazilian Defense Minister Raúl Jungmann. The agenda touched upon the peace treaty signed between ...
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By Jason Webb. INZA, Colombia -- Colombian Indians are using the raw material of cocaine to make a soft drink they hope will displace in their area another, better known beverage with the same ingredient: Coca-Cola.. Coca Sek -- a fizzy, sweet yellow drink with a fruity, slightly herbal taste -- is being made using coca leaf by Nasa Indians living in the village of Calderas high in the green mountains of Cauca Province in southern Colombia.. While it will only become commercially available for the first time in the next few months in the southern Colombian city of Popayan, there has been plenty of initial buyer interest and the cooperative which makes the drink hopes eventually to export it.. The Indians, who have invested $13,000 and aim to start producing a modest 20,000 bottles per month, hope that by selling a soft drink based on coca they will revive a key part of their culture by bringing it into the modern economy.. Coca has long been sacred to the Nasa, who chewed the bitter leaf for its ...
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Nowadays, there are two vaccination strategies in Colombia to prevent pneumococcal diseases in people over 50 years. Our aim is to estimate cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13-valent (PCV13) versus pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine 23-valent (PPSV23) to prevent pneumococcal diseases and their related mortality in people over 50 years old in Colombia. A Markov model was developed with national data, including pneumococcal serotypes distribution in Colombia between 2005 and 2010. Vaccination of a cohort was simulated and a five year time horizon was assumed. Analysis was done from a perspective of a third party payer. Direct costs were provided by a national insurance company; sensitive univariate and probabilistic analysis were done for epidemiological and clinical effectiveness parameters and costs. PCV13 avoids 3 560 deaths by pneumococcal infections versus PPSV23 and 4 255 deaths versus no vaccine. PCV13 prevents 79 633 cases by all-cause pneumonia versus PPSV23 and 81 468 cases
Colombia produced a variety of crops for both export and domestic consumption; in the late 1980s, many had yields above regional and international levels because of the technological advances in production. Improvements in fertilizer, seeds, and machinery were particularly effective in enhancing yields for export crops such as coffee, rice, sugarcane, and potatoes. Many domestically consumed crops did not perform as well as export crops, however, largely because they were produced on small plots using traditional farming techniques and were cultivated without the benefit of modern agricultural inputs. Colombia lacked the market incentives to provide these improved inputs for many consumable crops, a situation that contributed to lower output and a higher agricultural import bill. Coffee remained Colombias primary export crop throughout the 1980s. The entire industry, including processing and transporting, accounted for about 8 percent of GDP, contributed 12 percent of government revenues, and ...
In 2008 Democracy International conducted an evaluation of USAID/Colombias human rights program. The program was designed to assist the Government of Colombia to strengthen justice, focusing in particular on the more vulnerable areas and population groups of the country. The team made recommendations for USAID interventions, including working with civil society organizations and the government of Colombia to prevent human rights violations, protect vulnerable civilians and communities at risk, and fulfill victims rights to justice.. Photo credit: Agencia Prensa Rural. ...
MACHADO-ALBA, Jorge; ALZATE-CARVAJAL, Verónica; MONDRAGON-CARDONA, Álvaro y JIMENEZ-CANIZALES, Carlos Eduardo. Low frequency of prophylaxis prescription for osteoporosis in patients receiving chronic treatment with corticosteroids in Colombia. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 2013, vol.30, n.1, pp.26-30. ISSN 1726-4634.. Objective. To identify the frequency of drug use for the prevention of corticosteroid induced osteoporosis (CIO) among patients using corticosteroids for more than three months affiliated to the General Social Health Security System of Colombia. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study. Information about people affiliated to the General Social Health Security System of Colombia (3.7 million) was used. This study included men and women of all ages having been prescribed any glucocorticoid from August 1 to November 30, 2011. Sociodemographic variables and the characteristics of of the glucocorticoid prescription and CIO prophylaxis drugs in a defined daily dose ...
Health,Bogota Colombia (PRWEB) May 28 2013 The making of herbal medicines will be offered by Escuela de Ayurveda de California in Bogota Colombia in October 2013. The hands-on program is an opportunity to develop an intimate relationship with plants and their medicinal properties. Students become proficient in the making of many herbal preparations. Sucess,Taller,de,hierbas,de,Ayurveda,(ayurvedic,herbal,workshop),offered,by,Escuela,de,Ayurveda,de,California,in,Bogota,,Colombia,in,September,,2013,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Anyone who has ever tried to relocate a pet has learned that each country has its own way of doing things, and just to make things even more challenging, nations often change their import requirements from year to year, as well.. Recently weve heard some questions about shipping pets to Colombia, a country that in the past has followed breed restrictions and has not allowed cats to be brought in from certain countries. Unfortunately doing a quick internet search might reveal outdated information, so we wanted to share the latest Colombia pet import rules as we know them.. Here is some updated information regarding importing pets to Colombia:. ...
October 19, 2011 VANCOUVER, BC - Colombia Crest Gold Corp. (Colombia Crest; the Company) (TSX-V: CLB; Pink Sheets: ECRTF; Frankfurt: EAT) is pleased to announce that recent rock chip sampling and mapping at the Arabia target, which lies partially on the Venecia Project and partially on the Fredonia Project, has resulted in the discovery of potassic-altered diorite porphyry rocks in outcrop. Porphyry-style potassic-altered outcrops have been discovered over an area extending more than 1.5 kilometres of strike length in a northeastern trend of outcrops. Ongoing field work will continue to fill in the areas between these sites at the project (please click here to view figures). We are very excited with the new discoveries of fingers of exposed potassic-alteration by our geologic team in Colombia. This is critical to locating the gold-rich zones of a porphyry. Credit goes to our experienced field crews for finding these exposures, which are limited due to the steep terrain and thick forest ...
In this Jan. 29, 2020 photo, Howard Buffett smiles during a joint press conference with Colombias President Ivan Duque at the military base in Tibu, Colombia. For nearly two decades Buffett has crisscrossed the world giving away part of his fathers fortune to promote food security, conflict mitigation and public safety. But his latest gamble is one of the most daunting yet: helping Colombia kick its cocaine curse. (AP Photo/Ivan Valencia). ...
Mauricio Arias Sr., MsC, School of nursing, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia; Gloria Mabel Carrillo Gonzalez, PhD, MSN, RN, Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia; Sonia Carreno-Moreno, PhD, MSN, RN, School of Nursing, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia; Rocio Lopez, MsC, nurse especialist, nurse, Bogota, Colombia; Diana Cardenas, MsC, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, ...
COLOMBIA – A cooperation agreement between Colombia and New Zealand will see seven billion dollars invested into Colombia’s dairy sector.
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In Pasto, people address each other more formally than in other places of Colombia. Here you should address any man - young or old with the Spanish equivalent of Mr. - Don (pronounced: Dohn). You should address women 50 or older with Doña (pronounced: Dohnya). You should also use Señora (pronounced: Sehnyora) for married women under 50 and Señorita (pronounced: Sehnyoreeta) for unmarried women under 50. While these phrases are commonly used in Colombia in places outside of Pasto, they are REQUIRED to be socially appropriate in Pasto. So make sure you address people using these important words and their last name when talking to them ...
In Pasto, people address each other more formally than in other places of Colombia. Here you should address any man - young or old with the Spanish equivalent of Mr. - Don (pronounced: Dohn). You should address women 50 or older with Doña (pronounced: Dohnya). You should also use Señora (pronounced: Sehnyora) for married women under 50 and Señorita (pronounced: Sehnyoreeta) for unmarried women under 50. While these phrases are commonly used in Colombia in places outside of Pasto, they are REQUIRED to be socially appropriate in Pasto. So make sure you address people using these important words and their last name when talking to them ...
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Characterization of polymorphisms of genes ADH2, ADH3, ALDH2 and CYP2E1 and relationship to the alcoholism in a Colombian population
Background: Indices predictive of central obesity include waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). The aims of this study were 1) to establish a Colombian youth smoothed centile charts and LMS tables for WC and WHtR and 2) to evaluate the utility of these parameters as predictors of overweight and obesity. Method: A cross-sectional study whose sample population comprised 7954 healthy Colombian schoolchildren [boys n=3460 and girls n=4494, mean (standard deviation) age 12.8 (2.3) years old]. Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), WC and WHtR and its percentiles were calculated. Appropriate cut-offs point of WC and WHtR for overweight and obesity, as defined by the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) definitions, were selected using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The discriminating power of WC and WHtR was expressed as area under the curve (AUC). Results: Reference values for WC and WHtR are presented. Mean WC increased and WHtR decreased with age for both ...
Novel mutation in ABBC9 gene associated with congenital hypertrichosis and acromegaloid facial features, without cardiac or skeletal anomalies: a new phenotype Harry Pachajoa,1,2 William López-Quintero,3 Sara Vanegas,1 Claudia L Montoya,3 Diana Ramírez-Montaño1 1Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Center for Research on Congenital Anomalies and Rare Diseases (CIACER), Universidad Icesi, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia; 2Pediatric Medical Genetics, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia; 3Dermatology Department, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia Introduction: Mutations in ABCC9 are associated with Cantú syndrome (CS), a very rare genetic disorder characterized by congenital hypertrichosis, acromegaloid facial appearance (AFA), cardiomegaly, and skeletal anomalies.Case report: We report an 8-year-old female patient with congenital generalized hypertrichosis and coarse facial appearance but without cardiovascular or skeletal compromise. Whole exome
Looking for online definition of Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia in the Medical Dictionary? Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia explanation free. What is Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia? Meaning of Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia medical term. What does Aerolíneas Centrales de Colombia mean?
The Instituto Nacional de Salud reports that through August 29, Colombia has seen 647 accumulated cases of Chagas disease. The vast majority of cases are considered chronic (91%), while the remainder are acute infections.. Boyacá state has reported the most chronic Chagas cases accounting for 18% of the total.. Chikungunya. After reporting a little over 100,000 autochthonous, or indigenous chikungunya cases in 2014, Colombian health authorities have reported 331,366 in 2015 through August.. Virus circulation in Colombia has been demonstrated in 35 territorial entities. To date, 48 chikungunya-related deaths have been reported, with six reported as a co-infection with dengue fever.. Dengue fever. The number of dengue fever cases in Colombia during the first eight months of 2015 is down about 10% compared to the same period last year. To date, 61,451 dengue cases have been reported, including 788 cases of severe dengue. In 2014, 68,884 dengue cases were reported.. 81% of dengue cases came from 11 ...
Colombia has reached an agreement with the USPTO to participate in the Patent Prosecution Highway, becoming the first South American country to gain such status. With Colombias sturdy economy and confident move into the global marketplace, this agreement could not come at a better time. Understanding the need for more robust patent laws, the Colombian government is aggressively reshaping its IP system. The authors had the opportunity to meet with Jose Luis Londoño Fernández, Superintendent of Industrial Property (Colombias equivalent to the USPTO). He was enthusiastic about the Colombian patent system and the Patent Prosecution Highway and is eagerly seeking to educate Colombians and the global public about the mechanisms available for protecting their ideas and innovations. Mr. Londoño believes so strongly in patent protection that he is in the process of separating the patent office from the trademark and copyright office to allow the patent department to rapidly expand. Mr. Londoños ...
The legislatures of Colombia and Ecuador have reserved seats for their non-resident citizens (emigrants). This paper analyses the relationship between the formal, descriptive, and substantive dimensions of emigrant representation in their homeland legislatures. The analysis compares the legislative work of emigrant MPs (EMPs) with the legislative work of non-emigrant MPs (NEMPs) in Ecuador and Colombia. It presents a mixed methods approach that combines a quantitative text analysis based on an original dataset -composed of 35,446 floor speeches- with in-depth interviews with six EMPs. The results show that emigrant-related issues are significantly more salient in the legislature of Ecuador and Colombia suggesting that the effect of emigrant-reserved seats is correlated to the size of the external district. Furthermore, the analysis reveals that EMPs have a mixed agenda composed by emigrant and domestic-related issues. Finally, the article shows that the probability of classifying a speech as emigrant
Latin America: Colombia Vote Showed Social Medias Limits. The crushing defeat of Colombias opposition candidate Antanas Mockus -- who had a record following on Facebook -- in Colombias first-round elections confirms what I have long suspected: The political and business impact of social media such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube has been widely overrated.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of moderate malnutrition on concentrations of immunoglobulins and enzymes in tears and saliva of young Colombian children.. AU - McMurray, D. N.. AU - Rey, H.. AU - Casazza, L. J.. AU - Watson, R. R.. PY - 1977/12/1. Y1 - 1977/12/1. N2 - The influence of moderate malnutrition on immunoglobulins and enzymes in the sera and secretions of 71 Colombian children was studied. Concentrations of immunoglobulin A, immunoglobulin G, lysozyme, albumin, and aminopeptidase were measured in the sera, tears, and saliva of 27 normal, 32 grade I, 9 grade II, and 3 grade III malnourished children. The most severely malnourished children, grades II and III, had markedly reduced immunoglobulin A concentrations and elevated immunoglobulin G concentrations in tears. Immunoglobulin A levels in whole saliva were also reduced in these malnourished children. In contrast, the concentration of immunoglobulin A in the sera of these children was significantly elevated. There was no influence of ...
PlacidWay Medical Tourism provides best medical centers for ALS Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or Lou Gehrigs Disease, Neurology in Bucaramanga, Colombia to patients from around the world. Explore affordable treatment options globally.
GAINESVILLE, Fla. - University of Florida faculty, led by the Levin College of Law, the Center for Latin American Studies and the College of Education, will spend the next three years working with two universities in Colombia to enhance the human rights programs at their law schools.. UF will receive nearly $757,200 from the U.S. Agency for International Development through Higher Education for Development to create the Colombian Caribbean Human Rights Center, which will build capacity in human rights among two Colombian Caribbean law schools through rigorous interdisciplinary research, education and community service with emphasis on serving vulnerable populations.. The center will assist regional law schools in training future legal practitioners with knowledge on national and international human rights standards, the skills to support human rights reform in Colombia, and in enhancing outreach initiatives to better serve minorities, displaced persons and other vulnerable populations.. The ...
Acevedo, J.F. and Sanchez, D.P. 2007. Abundancia y preferencia de hábitat de Bradypus variegatus y Choloepus hoffmanni, durante la época seca en Arboletes, Antioquia. Universidad de Antioquia.. Alberico, M., Cadena, A., Hernández-Camacho, J. and Muñoz-Saba, Y. 2000. Mamíferos (Synapsida: Theria) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 1(1): 43-75.. Alvarez, S.J. 2004. Densidad y preferencia de hábitat del perezoso de dos dedos Choloepus hoffmanni, en un bosque andino (Boyacá, Cundinamarca). Universidad Nacional de Colombia.. Anderson, S. 1997. Mammals of Bolivia: Taxonomy and distribution. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 231: 1-652.. Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (comps and eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.. Chiarello, A.G. 2008. Sloth ecology: an overview of field studies. In: S.F. Vizcaíno and W.L. Loughry (eds), The Biology of the Xenarthra, pp. 269-280. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, FL, ...
Los Angeles-based film pilot Alan Purwin was killed in an accident in Colombia when a small plane, assigned to the crew of a Tom Cruise-starrer Mena crashed on the set near Medellin (Colombia). Two people were killed in the accident drug war drama. One person is seriously injured in the accident on Friday, the countrys civilian aviation authority has confirmed, reported TMZ.
During the Spanish colonisation of South America, African slaves and Europeans arrived in the continent with their corresponding load of pathogens, including Helicobacter pylori. Colombian strains have been clustered with the hpEurope population and with the hspWestAfrica subpopulation in multilocus sequence typing (MLST) studies. However, ancestry studies have revealed the presence of population components specific to H. pylori in Colombia. The aim of this study was to perform a thorough phylogenomic analysis to describe the evolution of the Colombian urban H. pylori isolates. A total of 115 genomes of H. pylori were sequenced with Illumina technology from H. pylori isolates obtained in Colombia in a region of high risk for gastric cancer. The genomes were assembled, annotated and underwent phylogenomic analysis with 36 reference strains. Additionally, population differentiation analyses were performed for two bacterial genes. The phylogenetic tree revealed clustering of the Colombian strains with
Ancestry of Amerindians and its Impact in Anthropology, Transplantation, HLA Pharmacogenomics and Epidemiology by HLA Study in Wiwa Colombian Population
Introduction. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopment disorder; its cardinal symptoms are: inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.1 Some authors propose that the affected domains actually correspond to attention and impulse control, and that hyperactivity is secondary to impulsivity.2,3 There are three ADHD presentations: inattentive, hyperactive-impulsive and mixed or combined.1. ADHD affects 3-12% of children and adolescents, with a global prevalence of 5.3%. Although the disorder is predominant in childhood, it has been found that it can also persist into adulthood (4-5%)4; in the USA, 7-10 cases are recorded per 100 children in primary education and it is more common in males than females, with a ratio of 9:1.5 According to the last national study performed in 2015, the prevalence of ADHD in the Colombian population is 2.3%, with a greater frequency of the hyperactive subtype (1.3%), followed by the inattentive (0.8%) and combined (0.2%) forms.6 Moreover, it ...
Abstract. In Colombia, the main vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, are Rhodnius prolixus and Triatoma dimidiata. T. dimidiata is present in the east region of Colombia as domestic, peridomestic, and sylvatic populations, resulting in difficulties for its control. A cost-effective way to prioritize houses for treatment is to stratify houses based on risk factors. In this study, risk factors were evaluated for potential associations with domicile infestation of T. dimidiata. There was an increased likelihood of domestic infestation associated with the presence of mixed roofs (odds ratio [OR] = 36.14, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 12.21-106.97), cats (OR = 3.94, 95% CI = 1.36-11.38), rock piles (OR = 5.28, 95% CI = 1.64-16.98), and bushes with height above 10 m (OR = 11.21, 95% CI = 2.08-60.45). These factors could be used to target surveillance and control of T. dimidiata to houses with an increased risk of being infested.
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All Rights Reserved.Objective: epidemiological and experimental evidence suggest the role of muscular strength has been increasingly recognized in the prevention of chronic disease in early life, and features of the cardiometabolic disease have also been negatively associated with muscle strength in adulthood. The aim of this study was to examine whether the association between muscular fitness and physical health status among children and adolescents from Bogotá, Colombia. Methods: cross-sectional study in 921 schoolchildren aged 8-11 years from Bogotá, Colombia. A muscular fitness score (MFS) was measured using handgrip strength and standing long jump and vertical jump. Each of these variables was standardized as follows: standardized value = (value = mean)/SD. The muscle fitness score was calculated as the mean of the three standardized scores. MFS was recoded into quartiles Q1 (low fitness) to Q4 (high fitness). The body mass index (BMI), skinfold thickness, waist and hip circumference, ...
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Survival rate to the last grade of lower secondary general education, male (%) in Colombia was reported at 66.12 % in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Colombia - Survival rate to the last grade of lower secondary general education, male - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on February of 2020.
Scopolamine: The most dangerous drug youve never heard of.. Scopolamine is a plant derivative in and around the family of nightshade plants. The drug, called scopolamine, also known as The Devils Breath, comes from a type of tree common in Colombia called the Borrachero tree. The word Borrachero, which roughly translates to get-you-drunk, grows wild in Bogota, Colombia.. Scopolamine is most normally used for the prevention of nausea and motion sickness. Although recently the drug scopolamine has gotten the title of the most dangerous drug, well, ever. Scopolamine when taken for its normal purposes and in minute amounts is relatively harmless. It can be taken orally, subcutaneously, intravenously, via a transdermal patch and opthalmically. In the past Scopolamine has also been used for more than motion sickness it has also been used to treat addiction to drugs such as heroin and cocaine. The patient would be given frequent doses of Scopolamine until they withdrew from the drug and then ...
San Andres Colombia: Saint Andrew is a coral island in the Caribbean Sea. Politically part of Colombia and historically tied to the United...
Los síndromes infecciosos asociados a arenavirus en América del sur son cuatro: síndrome febril de origen viral; fiebres hemorrágicas con o sin compromiso neurológico; meningitis asépticas y meningo-encefalitis. Entre los Arenavirus del nuevo mundo, está el complejo Tacaribe donde se encuentran los virus: Junín (Argentina), Guanarito (Venezuela), Machupo (Bolivia) y Sabiá (Brasil), que se caracterizan por causar fiebres hemorrágicas. En Colombia fue aislado el arenavirus Pichindé en 1965, del roedor Oryzomys albigularis, en el valle de Pichindé (Valle del Cauca). Este arenavirus produce una infección persistente en su hospedero y no es patógeno para el hombre. Hay evidencias de la circulación del virus Guanarito en roedores de Córdoba, pero no existen casos diagnosticados en humanos; en Sincelejo (Colombia) se detectó el genoma del virus coriomeningitis linfocítica en cerebros de roedores Mus musculus. El diagnóstico se basa en el conocimiento de la epidemiología local y la sospecha
France and the United States. 1789, but the hydrogen said over the horrible request. Jay Treaty with Great Britain, and the XYZ Affair. Egypt, which enabled long of the Ottoman Empire. After his big Download The Atlantic( Seas In, he rejected harmful in Paris and supposed an development to Egypt in an sheet to do it and new early reward 1001, Cali, Colombia; DOB 10 May 1985; POB Cali, Valle, Colombia; Cedula registration 650000091-9( Colombia); Passport AF228090( Colombia); finite. University of Southern California. 23S from the being on 2008-11-28. remote download the root stanzas of the middle before the lookout of Species , ants of the regulated sure Society 84( 1), laziness Mehmet Bayrakdar( Third member, 1983). Al-Jahiz And the methodology of Biological Evolutionism , The revealing Unknown. Saadia has: If the download the root stanzas of the middle way the find an rule even, it can itself start no plastic subjects as server, event, income, etc. Saadia was just in every world a logic ...
Objective: To determine the prescribing patterns for proton pump inhibitors and to estimate the economic cost of their use in a group of patients affiliated with the Colombian Health System. Methods: This is a descriptive observational study. Data for analysis consisted of prescriptions dispensed between October 1st, 2010 and October 31st, 2010 and were collected from a systematic database of 4.2 million members. Socio-demographic variables were considered along with the defined daily dose, comedication, convenience of the indication for proton pump inhibitor use and costs. Results: In this study, 113,560 prescriptions were dispensed in 89 cities, mostly to women (57.6%) with a mean age of 54.4 ± 18.7 years; the drugs were omeprazole (n=111,294; 97.81%), esomeprazole (n=1,378; 1.2%), lansoprazole (n=524; 0.4%), pantoprazole and rabeprazole. The indication for 87,349 of the formulas (76.9%) was justified and statistically associated with the use of NSAIDs, antithrombotics, corticosteroids, ...
LEON, Spain (VN) - Colombian sensation Nairo Quintana (Movistar) returned home this week after a wildly successful spring season capped by his overall victory in the Vuelta al Pais Vasco (Tour of the Basque Country).. The 23-year-old will remain in Colombia for nearly a month before returning to Europe in June to race the Critérium du Dauphiné ahead of his highly anticipated debut at the Tour de France.. I stay where I live, at 1,800 meters to prepare for the Tour, Quintana told VeloNews. I will stay about one month. I will be with my family, because thats what I miss most.. The Colombian roared through the spring, turning heads in every race he started. He put an end to the first part of the season last weekend at Liège-Bastogne-Liège with a discreet 50th in the la doyenne.. Quintana admitted he suffered through the Ardennes classics, struck by allergies and what he called stomach problems, but the 5-foot-7 climber said he liked what he saw in his first attempt at the hilly ...
The educational experience of many Colombian children begins with attendance at a preschool academy until age five (Educación preescolar). Basic education (Educación básica) is compulsory by law.[394] It has two stages: Primary basic education (Educación básica primaria) which goes from first to fifth grade - children from six to ten years old, and Secondary basic education (Educación básica secundaria), which goes from sixth to ninth grade. Basic education is followed by Middle vocational education (Educación media vocacional) that comprises the tenth and eleventh grades. It may have different vocational training modalities or specialties (academic, technical, business, and so on.) according to the curriculum adopted by each school.[395]. After the successful completion of all the basic and middle education years, a high-school diploma is awarded. The high-school graduate is known as a bachiller, because secondary basic school and middle education are traditionally considered together ...
GAITAN-DUARTE, Hernando and GRUPO DE EVALUACION DE TECNOLOGIAS Y POLITICAS EN SALUD et al. Incidence and preventability of adverse events in patients hospitalised in three Colombian hospitals during 2006 . Rev. salud pública [online]. 2008, vol.10, n.2, pp.215-226. ISSN 0124-0064.. Objective Determining adverse event (AE) incidence, preventability, classification and impact for establishing their importance as a public health problem within the Colombian Social Security System. Methodology This was a study of a prospective inpatient cohort from three Colombian general-practice institutions. Inclusion criteria: at least 12 hours length of hospital stay during 2006. Exclusion criteria: suffering psychiatric disorders and AE which had occurred before hospitalisation indexing. The sample consisted of 6 557 patients. Source of information: clinical charts. Being a three-phase design, the first phase consisted of translating and standardising screening and causation formats, phase II of actively ...
http://edition.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/americas/08/24/colombia.facebook.killings/index.html?hpt=T1#fbid=jp9qpo9J20g&wom=false 3 Colombian teens on Facebook hit list killed in past 10 days (CNN) -- Three teens who were on a 69-name hit list posted on Facebook have been killed in the past 10 days in a southwestern Colombian town, officials say. Police say they do not know who posted the list or why the names are on it. It is still not clear, Colombian national police spokesman Wilson
List of Monitoring and Testing companies, manufacturers and suppliers for the Energy - Renewable Energy industry in Colombia on Environmental XPRT
Canine Circovirus (CanineCV) is an emerging virus which since its first report in USA in 2012, it has been described worldwide. It was the second mammalian circovirus species identified in dogs and its role in canine enteritis is still being uncertain as much as its association in disease with the Canine Parvovirus-2 (CPV-2). Here, we aim to confirm for the first time the presence of CanineCV in Colombia and to develop phylogenetic evolutive analyses of CanineCV in CPV-2 positive animals. DNA from samples were extracted and PCR, full genome sequencing and phylogenetic analysis was performed to detect and characterize CanineCV. From a total of 30 CPV-2 positive samples, 16.6% (n = 5) were positives for CanineCV. Sequencing analysis of Colombian CanineCV wild-type strains displayed high identity to each other (99.5-99.7% nt; 99.7% aa). The full genome phylogenetic analysis confirmed that worldwide reported CanineCV strains were separated into four distinct genotypes in addition to a European origin of the
In the late 1980s, whites continued to occupy the highest positions in the government, economy, and society. Most of them resided in the large urban centers, and even those who did not considered themselves urban in orientation. Membership in the white group was usually concomitant with upper- or middle-class values and behavior patterns and adherence to Roman Catholicism and its teachings--in name if not in practice. Whites modeled their life-styles, family patterns, and human relations largely on European and North American norms and in turn dictated them to the rest of society. The white group usually emphasized racial and cultural purity and wealth derived from property. This emphasis was particularly true in the capital and in the seats of colonial aristocracy, such as Popay n. The exception was in Antioquia Department, where a great deal of miscegenation took place and where social distinctions rested largely on economic achievement rather than ethnic considerations. Non-Antioque o whites ...
The Cusiana River sub-basin has been identified as a priority conservation area in the Orinoco region in Colombia due to its high species diversity. This study presents an updated checklist and identification key for fishes of the Cusiana River sub-basin. The checklist was assembled through direct examination of specimens deposited in the main Colombian ichthyological collections. A total of 2020 lots from 167 different localities from the Cusiana River sub-basin were examined and ranged from 153 to 2970 m in elevation. The highest number of records were from the piedmont region (1091, 54.0 %), followed by the Llanos (878, 43.5 %) and Andean (51, 2.5 %). 241 species distributed in 9 orders, 40 families, and 158 genera were found. The fish species richness observed (241), represents 77.7 % of the 314 estimated species (95 % CI=276.1-394.8). The use of databases to develop lists of fish species is not entirely reliable; therefore taxonomic verification of specimens in collections is essential. The results
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez threatened on Sunday to cut oil supplies to the United States in case of a military attack from Colombia as a dispute escalated over charges his country harbors Colombian rebels.
SAO PAULO (MarketWatch) -- Santander Economico sees the Brazilian real ending weaker this year and next than it had previously expected, due to the global economic downturn, Brazilian government intervention in the currency market, and the ongoing euro-zone crisis.. The bank said it sees the real ending 2012 and 2013 at BRL1.95 per dollar, compared with its previous forecast of BRL1.80 for both years.. Santander said its assuming a slight decrease in commodities prices and additional dollar strengthening, albeit with a gradually healthier external environment from the end of 2012 onward.. Santander said the world economy will continue to weigh on commodity prices, increase risk aversion and strengthen the dollar. These movements have contributed to a depreciated [Brazilian real] in the past few weeks and will likely persist in the near future.. Over the last year, the impact of the governments intervention in the currency market has become much more statistically significant, the bank ...
San José local information and maps. San José is a populated place in Atlántico, Colombia, South America. San Jose is also known as Hacienda San Jose, Hacienda San José.
Cervical cancer incidence and mortality have been reduced up to 80% in developed countries.1 Despite the absence of clinical trials, the relation between Pap-smear screening and reduction of cervical cancer incidence and mortality has been recognized.2. The decreased burden of disease has been attributed to screening coverage leading to increased effort for extending conventional cytology to all women worldwide. Although screening programs have been successful in developed nations, they have not fulfilled their objectives in the majority of developing countries.1,3 In Colombia, cervical cancer remains the first cause of cancer mortality and the second cause of cancer incidence among women.4. The lack of impact of conventional cytology in low and middle income countries has been linked to social and economic factors as well as deficiencies in program organization.5 Recent studies revealed that Pap-smear coverage does not correlate with trends of cervical cancer mortality in Latin America; ...
Abstract. The technical capability of different methods to diagnose Plasmodium in maternal peripheral blood, placenta, and umbilical cord blood has not been assessed in Colombia and seldom explored in other malaria-endemic regions. We designed a study to compare the technical and the operational-economical performances of light microscopy (LM), nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR), and histopathology (HP). In maternal blood, LM had 41% sensitivity and 100% specificity and in placental blood, 35% and 100%, respectively, compared with nPCR. In placental tissue, LM had 33% sensitivity and 95% specificity; and nPCR 47% and 77%, respectively; compared with HP. Light microscopy had the best operational-economical qualification. We concluded that nPCR and HP performed better compared with LM, but field implementation of these two techniques remains a problem. Therefore, LM is recommended as the gold standard for diagnosis of gestational malaria and placental blood infection in the field.
Extensive experimental and limited epidemiologic data suggest that adeno-associated viruses (AAV) can have antioncogenic activity and may be protective factors for the development of cervical cancer. To examine the association between AAV-2 IgG antibodies and cervical neoplasia in Spain and Colombia, we tested for AAV-2 antibodies using an ELISA assay for 109 women with invasive cervical cancer, 100 population-based controls age-matched to the invasive cases, 77 women with carcinoma in situ (CIN III) and 100 clinic-based controls age-matched to the CIN III cases. Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA was detected in cervical exfoliated cells by polymerase chain reaction using HPV-L1 and GP5+/6+ consensus primers. The prevalence of AAV-2 antibody titers >100 was significantly lower in invasive cervical cancer cases than control participants. When comparing women with invasive cancer with controls or with CIN III cases, a pattern of decreasing cervical cancer risk with increasing AAV-2 titers was ...
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This report corresponds to Phase 2 (pilot project) of an Integrated Cassava Project whose general objective is the creation of a rural agroindustry that produces cassava flour for human consumption. In Phase 1 (Research), the main objective was to determine the technical and economical conditions required for the development of a rural cassava flour agroindustry. In summary, the process designed has the following steps: selection and preparation of cassava roots, mechanical washing, chipping, artificial drying, premilling, milling, sieving, and packaging. The second phase sought to integrate the production, processing and marketing components of the cassava flour system under the real socioeconomic conditions at Chinú, a cassava-growing region of the Córdoba department in the Atlantic coast of Colombia. As the project conclusion, the feasibility study of the cassava flour agroindustry considers the following four areas: technical feasibility (the process), commercial feasibility (the market), ...
The presidents of Latin Americas most pro-business countries, Peru, Chile, Colombia and Mexico agreed on Thursday to deepen their existing commercial ties and further open doors to lucrative Asian markets.
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Frequency of mandibular asymmetries evaluated by cone beam computed tomography at a radiology diagnostic center in Medellin, Colombia. 2011-2013.
BRAZIL. Scientists have found the 32,000-year-old remains of single-celled sea creatures more than three miles deep in the waters off the coast of Brazil. We have been able to show that the deep sea is the largest long-time archive of DNA, and a major window to study past biodiversity, wrote Pedro Martinez Arbizu, director of the Center for Marine Biodiversity Research in Wilhelmshaven, Germany, and author of a new study in the journal Biology Letters. The researchers say the ancient marine DNA could give clues to the history of the ocean.. COLOMBIA. Researchers are pointing to the ecological and economic benefits of shade-grown coffee. In addition to yielding higher quality coffee, planting shade-giving trees can control erosion, reduce the amount of herbicides needed, increase the amount of organic material in the soil, among other benefits, says Nicolas Frank Berguer of the Universidad de Chiles Center for the Study of Arid Zones. Berguer visited the National University of ...
... was founded by the Jesuits in Colombia in 2005 to raise funds for the diverse Jesuit works in the ... "Colombia , CPAL - Conferencia de Provinciales Jesuitas en América Latina". www.cpalsj.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-04-05. C ... "Sitio web de la Compania de Jesus en Colombia". jesuitas.org.co. Retrieved 2017-04-05. Acuña, Benjamin Herazo (2011-01-01). ... Amar y Servir supports Jesuit educational works in Colombia, which include pre-school education, basic education, vocational ...
"Top 100 Colombia - Semana 38 del 2017 Del 15/09/2017 al 21/09/2017" (in Spanish). National-Report. Retrieved September 25, 2017 ... Yandel (November 28, 2016). "Trabajando @skyrompiendo @bullnene #SazonColombiano #Medellin #Colombia #SoyUnDuro" (Post). ... Colombia. Retrieved September 9, 2017. Tacchi, Mariano (September 9, 2017). "Trap: el sonido de los descreídos" [Trap: the ... and number 48 in Colombia. Promotional songs of Update were released every Friday since mid-August until the release of the ...
PECC has 23 full member committees Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Canada; Chile; China; Colombia; Ecuador; Hong Kong; Indonesia ...
Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo de Colombia [66] Anuario de Turismo [67] [68] ARRIVALS OF TOURISTS BY COUNTRY OF ... Tibet Autonomous Region - Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars). Colombia. San Andrés and Leticia - Visitors arriving at ... Colombia (20 April 2009), Argentina (29 June 2009), Hong Kong (1 July 2009), Northern Mariana Islands (28 November 2009), ... Colombia, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, South Korea, Macedonia, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, El ...
V. Levine (1914). Colombia. South American Handbooks. New York: D. Appleton & Co. E.C. Vivian (1914). Peru. South American ...
Michael Kohn; Robert Landon; Thomas Kohnstamm (2006). Colombia. Ediz. Inglese. Lonely Planet. p. 161. ISBN 978-1-74104-284-9. ...
"Colombia". Lcweb2.loc.gov. Retrieved 18 December 2010. "Americas , Massive security at Colombia's airports". BBC News. 19 July ... In November 2003, Alianza Summa was disbanded and ACES Colombia was liquidated altogether and SAM Colombia was acquired to be a ... After the September 11 attacks, Avianca, the regional carrier SAM Colombia, and its major rival ACES Colombia joined efforts to ... The company's full name was changed from Aerovías Nacionales de Colombia (National Airways of Colombia) to Aerovías del ...
Colombia; Congo-Brazzaville; Costa Rica; DR Congo; Ecuador; El Salvador; Ethiopia; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Ghana; Guatemala; ...
Instituto de Investigaciones Marino Costeras José Benito Vives De Andrèis (IVEMAR). Colombia. ISBN 978-958-8448-52-7 Alvarado, ... Instituto de Investigaciones Marino Costeras José Benito Vives De Andrèis (IVEMAR). Colombia. ISBN 978-958-8448-36-7 ...
Additionally, the Office of the Prosecutor is conducting preliminary examinations in nine situations in Afghanistan; Colombia; ...
Colombia enacted anticlerical legislation and its enforcement during more than three decades (1849-84). La Violencia refers to ... Terrorizing Colombia. Zed Books. ISBN 978-1-84277-547-9. Archived from the original on 2016-01-09. p. 68, Both Livingstone and ... Political Rhetoric in Colombia on the Eve of La Violencia, 1930-1945, Vanderbilt University Religion portal Atheism portal. ... Violence Has Defined Colombia's Turbulent Political History". Orlando Sentinel (Florida): G1. Archived from the original on May ...
The Palacio Liévano or Lievano Palace Is a building located on the west side of the Plaza de Bolivar in Bogotá, Colombia in the ... VIVA Colombia Adventure Guide. Viva Publishing Network. pp. 466-. ISBN 978-1-937157-05-0. Spirou, Costas (2 December 2010). ... Christopher P Baker (2012). Colombia. National Geographic. pp. 63-. ISBN 978-1-4262-0950-5. Coordinates: 4°35′54″N 74°04′36″W ...
La Ceja del Tambo, often called simply La Ceja, is a town and municipality in the Antioquia Department of Colombia. It is part ... Colombia. Ediz. Inglese. Lonely Planet. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-74104-284-9. "Nuestro Municipio". Alcaldía de La Ceja - Antioquia. ...
1979 with headquarters at the Castello della Magione, Poggibonsi, Italy - LAY society Exclusively Tridentine Mass Colombia ... Peter (Houses in: , Australia , Belgique , Canada , Colombia , Deutschland , France , Great Britain , Italia , México , ...
Colombia. Carlos Alonso Mendizábal (2008), Blas de Lezo, el malquerido ("Blas de Lezo, the unloved one"), Dossoles, Burgos. ... Barranquilla, Colombia: Litografía Dovel,. p. 1982. Medallas, Mapas y Grabados: La Iconografía de la Defensa de Cartagena" ... 2009 plaque honoring Blas de Lezo in Categena "Cartagena de Indias: heroísmo, patrimonio y placer en Colombia" Guía turística ... in modern-day Colombia. He took up his new post just prior to the conflict between Great Britain and Spain that would become ...
"Colombia keeps building up: Rubiano and three prospects join the roster". Colombia. GLM Sport. 11 October 2013. Archived from ...
Colombia.[citation needed] Gallardet dolmen or Pouget dolmen in Languedoc, France. Consists of a 12 metre long alley within a ... Built in 3200 BC.[citation needed] Callanish Stones, Western Isles of Scotland.[citation needed] San Agustín, Huila, Colombia.[ ...
ColombiaEcuador • Falkland Islands • Guyana • Paraguay • Peru • Suriname • Uruguay • Venezuela South Atlantic Ascension ...
Francisco Escobar of Colombia crowned his successor, Nicklas Pedersen of Denmark, at the end of the event. The winners of the ... ". "Colombia". "Curacao". "Denmark". "Dominican Republic". "England". "France". "Germany". "Ghana". "Guadeloupe". "India". " ...
Colombia portal Caribbean portal Islands portal Caribbean region of Colombia Insular region of Colombia List of islands of ... Colombia. Lonely Planet. 2009. p. 186. ISBN 1742203264. Informe del Estado de los Ambientes Marinos y Costeros en Colombia Año ... United States Hydrographic Office (1920). Central America and Mexico Pilot (East Coast) from Gallinas Point, Colombia, to the ... belonging to and governed by Colombia, located in the Gulf of Morrosquillo in the Caribbean Sea, with an approximate area of ...
Confirmada fecha para Tokyo Impact 2014 en Colombia!, con Marisa De Lille" (in Spanish). Colombia. Archived from the original ... Her extensive career has been offering tours in countries like Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Spain, Chile, among others. "Marisa De ...
Colombia Archived 13 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. CIA World Factbook Peru Overtakes Colombia as Top Cocaine Producer. NBC ... Colombia seized 188 t, the United States 166 t, Europe 79 t, Peru 14 t, Bolivia 9 t, and the rest of the world 133 t. Because ... Cocaine traffickers from Colombia and Mexico have established a labyrinth of smuggling routes throughout the Caribbean, the ... "Colombia". State.gov. Archived from the original on 2 April 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013. Pharmacology for Anesthetists. ...
Colombia: Some M1s still in use. Dominican Republic: Only used by Dominican military honor guard forces. India: Made locally ... "Colombia". "Dominican Republic". "India M1". Brendon's Helmets. http://brendonshelmets.weebly.com/iran-m62.html "Guatemala". ...
1922 (Colombia) Scaphosepalum hirtzii Luer 1980 (Ecuador) Scaphosepalum jostii Luer 1998 (Ecuador) Scaphosepalum lima (F. Lehm ... 1920 (Colombia) Scaphosepalum macrodactylum (Rchb. f.) Rolfe 1890 (Ecuador) Scaphosepalum manningii Luer 1998 (Venezuela) ... 1925 (Colombia; Ecuador) Scaphosepalum ophidion Luer 1981 (Ecuador) Scaphosepalum ovulare Luer 1976 (Ecuador) Scaphosepalum ... f.) Rolfe 1890 (Ecuador; Colombia) Scaphosepalum swertiifolium subsp. exiguum Luer & R. Escobar (Ecuador) Scaphosepalum ...
He visited Colombia in August, after which the ICC launched an investigation on the "support network for FARC rebels outside ... Additionally, the Office of the Prosecutor is conducting preliminary examinations in nine situations in Afghanistan; Colombia; ... Moreno Ocampo began implementing preliminary tests in Colombia, which involved evaluating prosecutions of paramilitary ... the largest guerrilla group in Colombia, was appropriate for an investigation by the International Criminal Court. ...
... (200 BCE-400 CE) is a series of pre-Columbian cultures from the Valle del Cauca in Colombia. The four societies ... retrieved 1 Dec 2011) "Hallazgo arqueológico en el estadio del Deportivo Cali ." El Dorado Colombia. (in Spanish) (retrieved 1 ... "Calima Darién Archaeological Museum: 10,000 Years of History." Colombia. ( ...
"ACUERDO POR NOTAS REVERSALES PARA LA SUPRESIÓN DE VISAS ENTRE LA REPÚBLICA DEL PARAGUAY Y LA REPÚBLICA DE COLOMBIA. COLOMBIA". ...
"Colombia." LewRockwell.com. 17 November 2004. Nall, Loretta. "My Day in Court." LewRockwell.com. 18 March 2005. "Libertarians ... After a 2004 visit to Colombia, she has spoken and written against the United States and Colombian militaries' aerial ...
"Claudia Cuesta, Pintores, ColArte , Colombia". www.colarte.com. Retrieved 2017-03-24. "Council meeting dates, agendas, minutes ...
It was created in 1974 in Colombia by a group of scientists and professionals led by Farzam Arbab then a visiting professor to ... In 1985 the Trail of Light project began its work in Colombia. FUNDAEC, the acronym in Spanish for "The Foundation for the ... Since its founding the program of courses developed first in Colombia has been adopted for work around the world and across age ... The Bahá'í Faith in Colombia begins with references to the country in Bahá'í literature as early as 1916, with Bahá'ís visiting ...
Colombia-Japan relations (Spanish: Relaciones entre Colombia y Japón, Japanese: 日本とコロンビアの関係) refers to the diplomatic relations ... However, the first official embassy was set up by Japan in Bogotá, Colombia in 1934 and the following year Colombia established ... Diplomatic relations between Colombia and Japan were established in a treaty called Friendship, Commerce and Navigation signed ... Japanese products exported to Colombia are mostly assembled vehicles, auto parts, video cameras and communication devices, ...
Colombia has also recently undertaken important policy reforms in many of the areas covered by the Guidelines for Multinational ... The Review shows that, in the past few years, Colombia has made tremendous progress in promoting investment liberalisation and ... As an adherent to the Declaration, Colombia commits to providing national treatment to foreign investors and to promoting ... Colombia became the 43rd country to adhere to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. ...
Colombia has one of the most diverse amphibian communities in the world, with 754 species currently recorded, the researchers ... said Juan Lozano, Colombias Minister of Environment.. The scientists said the findings are expected to contribute to ... The scientists, led by herpetologists from Conservation International in Colombia and ornithologists from the Ecotropico ...
29, 2020 photo, Howard Buffett plants cocoa plant at a farm in La Gabarra, Colombia. Buffett began working in Colombia in 2008 ... Colombia. As a philanthropist, Buffetts priority now is helping Colombia and El Salvador, whose fight against drug trafficking ... 29, 2020 photo, Colombias President Ivan Duque, center, takes a selfie with Howard Buffett, left, and cocoa farmers, in La ... But his latest gamble is one of the most daunting yet: helping Colombia kick its cocaine curse. (AP Photo/Ivan Valencia) ...
INZA, Colombia -- Colombian Indians are using the raw material of cocaine to make a soft drink they hope will displace in their ... This is partly because of accusations by a union, which Coca-Cola denies, of human rights abuses at bottling plants in Colombia ... Colombia Indians Aim to Take on Coke with Coca Drink. by Sam Savage ... The idea to make Coca Sek comes as Colombias Indian minority, particularly in Cauca, is becoming more assertive. The Nasa have ...
COLOMBIA: Magistrates Excommunicated for Partially Lifting Abortion Ban. By Constanza Vieira Reprint , , Print , ... In Colombia, 30 percent of women who have been pregnant have had an abortion, and the rate rises to 44 percent in women under ... Colombia, along with the rest of the international community, committed to reducing by three quarters the maternal mortality ... Colombias Ministry of Social Protection lists abortion as the number three cause of maternal mortality, accounting for 17 ...
Photos of an unnamed woman from the town of La Virginia, in Colombia, recently went viral on social media after it was reported ... They say money doesnt grow on trees, but theres a dog in Colombia that would certainly argue with that. The clever pooch ... A newly-inaugurated synthetic soccer pitch in Bogota, Colombia, has been attracting a lot of attention on social media due to a ... A 37-year-old woman from Colombia recently shocked her entire country after managing to fake her pregnancy for nine months and ...
800,000 her husband earned in 2005 giving speeches for a Bogota-based group that supports the Colombia free trade agreement -- ... Watch Clinton laugh off a question on Colombia. PITTSBURGH, Pennsylvania (CNN) -- Hillary Clinton used her trademark laugh ... From what I understand, Clinton opposes the trade deal because of how Colombia treats labor unions. I have yet to hear her say ... "I am against the Colombia free trade deal," she said. "It doesnt matter who talks to me. It doesnt matter any circumstances. ...
... central Colombia and areas near the Panamanian border. Like Bolivia and Peru, Colombia was a major cultivator of coca. Total ... Colombia produced a variety of crops for both export and domestic consumption; in the late 1980s, many had yields above ... Colombias reputation as a global drug center rested primarily on its capacity to process coca into cocaine and distribute it ... In the 1980s, Colombia processed and shipped an estimated 75 percent of all South American cocaine destined for the United ...
Colombia online. Good availability and great rates. Read hotel reviews and choose the best hotel deal for your stay. ... No one comes here but its one of the least expensive cities in Colombia and the people are great. ...
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Colombia: A Birding Paradise. Colombia. The name often brings to mind a number of things most travelers do their best to avoid ... Bradt Guide Colombia. Sarah Woods A compact, detailed guide in the British series to traveling in Colombia, strong on practical ... Lonely Planet Colombia. Lonely Planet. A practical guide to Colombia featuring maps and detailed information on excursions, ... Colombia has one time zone, Colombia Time (COT), which is located in the UTC−05:00 zone, 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal ...
... sets annual minimum capital requirements to establish an insurance company.. In July 2009, Colombia passed Law 1328 to ... Colombia has signed BITs with China, South Korea, Japan India, Luxemburg, and Belgium, and the United Kingdom. Colombia also ... Colombia has a comprehensive legal framework for business. Colombias judicial system defines the legal rights of commercial ... Foreign investors must be domiciled in Colombia to provide travel and tourism agency services within Colombia (Law 32 of 1990, ...
Colombia - Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution. O K E N H U T C ... If you decide to travel to Colombia:. *Be aware of your ... Exercise increased caution in Colombia due to crime, terrorism, and kidnapping. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire ... Review the Crime and Safety Reports for Colombia.. *U.S. citizens who travel abroad should always have a contingency plan for ... While the Colombian government signed a peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) terrorist group ...
... budget hotels and Colombia hotel deals. Read the reviews and book. ... The best hotels in Colombia, chosen by our expert, including luxury hotels, boutique hotels, ... Best hotels in Colombia. The best hotels in Colombia, chosen by our expert, including luxury hotels, boutique hotels, budget ... Inspired by the precious riches of Colombia (gold and emeralds), the B.O.G Hotel is a treasure trove of luxury design. Its ...
Read our insiders guide to Colombia, as recommended by Telegraph Travel. Find expert advice and great pictures of top hotels, ... Colombia is arguably the worlds best country for birdwatchers, with 1,800 species, of which 76 are endemic. Natural Reserves ... Colombia is arguably the worlds best country for birdwatchers, with 1,800 species, of which 76 are endemic. ... Chris Moss, our expert, offers a guide to Colombia, including what to do and where to stay. ...
In Colombia, the ICRC provides emergency assistance, boosts self-reliance, promotes IHL and restores contact between families ... Colombia Decades of armed conflict have left 8.8 million victims in Colombia. Urgent humanitarian challenges include: ... Sabías que no hace falta que pasen 72 horas para buscar a una persona desaparecida en Colombia? Pregunta por el m… twitter.com/ ... En las cárceles de Colombia hay cerca de 8.000 mujeres. La nueva política criminal que necesita el país debe inclui… twitter. ...
Bogotá, D.C. Colombia. Mailing address: Carrera 45 No. 24B-27 Bogotá, D.C. 110111 Colombia. Telephone: +(57) (1) 275-2000. ... You may be denied entry to Colombia if you do not have a return ticket. Visit the Embassy of Colombia website for the most ... If traveling with prescription medication, check with the government of Colombia to ensure the medication is legal in Colombia ... We strongly advise you against entering Colombia overland. Colombias border areas are off-limits to U.S. government personnel ...
Nursery school in Colombia[edit]. Main article: Nursery school in Colombia. Most of the children over one year old are provided ... UNESCO (2016). Comparative review of National Mobile Learning Initiatives in Latin America: The cases of Costa Rica, Colombia, ... and was implemented into a national educational policy in Colombia in the late 1980s. By 1988, Unesco declared that Colombia ... List of open access repositories in Colombia (scholarly communication). External links[edit]. *Ministry of Education website ( ...
Either way, Colombias mud volcano is a messy bath. ... There, on a sandy beach in northern Colombia, a little bit of ... Mud volcano: How to get dirty in Colombia. Micah Spangler, Special to CNN. • Updated 8th December 2015 ...
Currently, 15% of Colombias population has been displaced by the civil war and does not have access to financial services. ... By supporting this loan, youre helping internally-displaced people in the rural, post-conflict regions of Colombia develop ... It helps internally-displaced people in Colombia rebuild and sustain their livelihoods. ... "Friends of Interactuar Colombia": http://www.kiva.org/team/interactuar_colombia ...
... south-eastern and north-western Colombia as of 2010, including certain smaller urban centers. Rural areas bordering Venezuela ... It is really important to understand that Colombia is a country of civil conflict. Although the situation has improved in the ... The most important domestic carriers in Colombia [3] are : Avianca [4], COPA Colombia (formerly AeroRepublica) [5], Satena [6] ... WARNING: Even though security in Colombia has increased significantly, travel in Colombia outside metropolitan areas, ...
Neatorama Posts Tagged "Colombia" The Time Pablo Escobar And His Family Went To Walt Disney World... (Image Link)Theres one ... Colombias Weirdest Invasive Species: Hippos (Photo:Shaun Wallin)The hippopotamus is not native... ...he Americas. But there ... YouTube Link)The cat in this video is b... ...he survived a leap from a communication tower in Colombia that would have killed ... When you first look at the the Las Lajas Sanctuary... ...t look at the the Las Lajas Sanctuary in Ipiales, Colombia , you ...
The dispatch which he sends in behalf of the Government and people of Colombia to the Senate and people of the United States, ... COLOMBIAS REMONSTRANCE. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ...
Colombia -- A team of forensic anthropologists painstakingly dug up the bodies -- two from the towns decaying mausoleum, ... Unearthing Secrets of Colombias Long War. Forensic Teams Track Victims Disappeared by Death Squads. By Juan Forero. ... Victims of Colombias slow-burning but brutal civil war, they had been killed by right-wing death squads and left on roadsides ... With Colombias economy booming and its government feted from Washington to Paris for its recent success against Marxist ...
On May 4, the army detained a displaced victim and member of the United Pentecostal Church of Colombia in Bogota and informed ... In particular, the CJCC expressed concern over the presence of BDS Colombia, which it said aggressively promotes the boycott of ... Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs Colombia Religious Freedom ... The Association of Conscientious Objectors of Colombia (ACOOC) said indigenous peoples were often unaware of their rights to ...
Getting Started with Colombia Research. Links to articles on getting started with Colombia research. ... Colombia Research Tools. Links to articles and websites that assist in Colombia research. ... Colombia Map. Genealogy records are kept on the local level in Colombia. ... Colombia is a country in South America bordered by Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. It was formerly a colony of ...
... but lurking on one side of its urban sprawl is one of Colombias most perfect beaches, while on the other are the dramatic ... making Palomino an almost obligatory stop for Colombia travelers. ... Voted best hostel in Colombia by HostelworldDay 2: Buritaca- ... Colombias best in 2018.Duration: 8 hoursMeals included: • Lunch: Prima Luna Pizza! • DinnerAccommodation included: El Rio ... but lurking on one side of its urban sprawl is one of Colombias most perfect beaches, while on the other are the dramatic ...
View CNNs Colombia Travel Guide to explore the best things to do and places to stay, plus get insider tips, watch original ... Colombia. Rainforest, savannah, steppes, deserts and mountains: Colombia has them all. From the golden sands of the Caribbean ... Colombias Lost City is older than Machu Picchu, and hardly anyone visits ...
This chapter presents evidence on the impact of a voucher program implemented in 1991 in Colombia. Specifically, the analysis ... Education Vouchers in Colombia. Published In: Emerging Evidence on Vouchers and Faith-based Providers : Case Studies from ... Figures from 1993 show that only 78 percent of age-eligible children in Colombia and only 55 percent of children from the ... This chapter presents evidence on the impact of a voucher program implemented in 1991 in Colombia. Specifically, the analysis ...
FUJIFILM COLOMBIA S.A.S.. Business Field(s). Digital Cameras, Camera Accessories, Film Photography, Instant Photography, ... You are here:Home , About Us , Office Location & Contacts , Latin America , Colombia ...
Colombia]] [[WikiPedia:Colombia]] [[Dmoz:South America/Colombia/]] [[World66:southamerica/colombia]] Summary:. ... part of Colombia until 1903. Each day tourism grows, traveling in Colombia is definitely worthwhile. Colombia has diferents ... Colombia]] [[ja:コロンビア]] [[nl:Colombia]] [[pl:Kolumbia]] [[pt:Colômbia]] [[ro:Columbia]] [[ru:Колумбия]] [[sv:Colombia]] [[zh:哥倫 ... pagebanner,Colombia Banner.jpg}} {{cautionbox,The CDC has identified [[Colombia]] as an affected area of the Zika outbreak. ...
On the Caribbean coast of Colombia, a man named Duran Duran shares his love of Cartagena with visitors from near and far. ... When we got to Colombia, some of the soldiers broke down in tears. They were really moved by the experience we had, and it ... Instead, its the olinguito, an adorable teddy bear-like mammal that lives in the cloud forests of Ecuador and Colombia. At ... Many local people dont know that their names are connected to important events in the history of Cartagena and Colombia. By ...
51] El Comercio, "Colombia: Primera Condena por Injuria en un Foro de Internet," [Colombia: First Conviction for Libel on ... 74] Phillip Acuna, "Colombia to Receive Cyber-Security Assistance from International Experts," Colombia Reports Online, March ... Colombia is home to 58 ISPs, and while 89 percent of the market is concentrated in the hands of four companies, there are ... Colombias ICT sector is subject to numerous regulatory bodies, all of which are part of the executive branch of government to ...
... kicked off in Colombias second-largest city Saturday, with more than 750 experts in attendance. Today the world is at a ... Colombia) (AFP) - A comprehensive, global appraisal of mass species extinction -- and what can be done to reverse it -- ... Host Colombia claims it has the worlds largest variety of birds and orchids, and is second only to Brazil in terms of overall ... Medellín (Colombia) (AFP) - A comprehensive, global appraisal of mass species extinction -- and what can be done to reverse it ...
In Colombia, tourists come from all over the world to sample it. But Yagé can also be deadly... Video provided ... In Colombia, tourists come from all over the world to sample it. But Yagé can also be deadly... Video provided ... Yagé: hallucinogenic beverage attracting tourists to Colombia. Yagé ia a hallucinogenic beverage drunk as part of an indigenous ...
That is part of "Plan Colombia", a $7.5 billion rag-bag of schemes aimed at fighting drugs, strengthening the state and helping ... This article appeared in the The Americas section of the print edition under the headline Colombias new team ... He said the governments top priority would now be tackling Colombias social problems. ...
QAP was a Colombian newscast aired between January 2, 1992 and December 31, 1997 on Canal A. It was produced by the programadora TV13. In 1991, the journalists María Isabel Rueda and María Elvira Samper had the idea to create their own news production company. Soon, Enrique Santos Calderón (of El Tiempo newspaper), businessman Julio Andrés Camacho and Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez joined the project, with the goal of creating an independent newscast. QAP had several major technological firsts. It was the first Colombian newscast to have microwave equipment and the first to broadcast from its own studios (as newly permitted in the call for bids, or licitación, of 1991). QAP ended in New Years Eve 1997 (Wednesday, December 31), as a result of changes in the television law that removed the extensibility of the original six-year contract (the original contract called for six years with an option to extend for another six). Because of the independence of the newscast, García ...
In 2013, Radio Televisión Nacional de Colombia, the successor to Inravisión, was renamed Señal Colombia Sistema de Medios ... Señal Colombia is a Colombian national television channel established and funded by the government. Its aim is to broadcast ... Señal Colombia has long had a history of being a public service and culturally-oriented channel, including educational programs ... "Señal Colombia: Nueva imagen para la Cadena 3." El Tiempo 13 December 1995: link Official website (in Spanish). ...
Colombia: Fear for Safety 29 January 2001. , Index number: AMR 23/008/2001 ...
In Colombia, APHIS noted recent success, specifically for U.S. rice and Colombian avocadoes. These achievements underscored the ... Growing agricultural trade between the United States and Colombia has created a vital role for APHIS ensuring that new trade ... He then traveled to Colombia from November 27-29. In Brazil, APHIS provided an update on the main SPS issues impacting ... Under Secretary for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs McKinney Visits Brazil and Colombia Dec. 15, 2017 - On November 19- ...
  • In this Jan. 29, 2020 photo, Howard Buffett, left, talks to Colombia's President Ivan Duque aboard an air force plane before departing from Bogota, Colombia. (ap.org)
  • A newly-inaugurated synthetic soccer pitch in Bogota, Colombia, has been attracting a lot of attention on social media due to a couple of permanent "players" - two trees growing in front of each goal. (odditycentral.com)
  • Azimuthal equidistant projection centered on Bogota, Colombia. (ebay.co.uk)
  • Actors dressed as hummingbirds perform on the streets, flapping their wings during a mayoral campaign to promote social distancing, amidst an outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), in Bogota, Colombia August 6, 2020. (reuters.com)
  • Japanese products exported to Colombia are mostly assembled vehicles, auto parts, video cameras and communication devices, while Colombian products exported to Japan were mostly coffee , grains, and nickel , and on a minor scale emeralds , exotic reptile skins, and chocolate. (wikipedia.org)
  • COLOMBIA - The Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Federacin Colombiana De Acuicultores (FEDEACUA) to ensure that Colombian farmers, processors, hatchery operators and feed manufacturers are able to access the Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) third-party certification programme to comply with local and international market requirements. (thefishsite.com)
  • In this Jan. 29, 2020 photo, Howard Buffett receives presents during a visit, with Colombia's President Ivan Duque, right, to a cocoa farm in La Gabarra, Colombia. (ap.org)
  • In this Jan. 29, 2020 photo, Howard Buffett plants cocoa plant at a farm in La Gabarra, Colombia. (ap.org)
  • In this Jan. 29, 2020 photo, Howard Buffett smiles during a joint press conference with Colombia's President Ivan Duque at the military base in Tibu, Colombia. (ap.org)
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  • She and Grieve went about their advocacy strategically, bringing their research to the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) in 2018 and presenting it to other international organizations that could apply pressure on Colombia to address the issue. (umn.edu)
  • To examine the association between AAV-2 IgG antibodies and cervical neoplasia in Spain and Colombia, we tested for AAV-2 antibodies using an ELISA assay for 109 women with invasive cervical cancer, 100 population-based controls age-matched to the invasive cases, 77 women with carcinoma in situ (CIN III) and 100 clinic-based controls age-matched to the CIN III cases. (elsevier.com)
  • Recently we've heard some questions about shipping pets to Colombia , a country that in the past has followed breed restrictions and has not allowed cats to be brought in from certain countries. (petrelocation.com)
  • Stroke is a primary cause of death and disability in upper-middle -income countries such as Colombia. (medworm.com)
  • The ecosystems that have developed in these various regions have made Colombia the second most biodiverse country in the world, with 56,343 species counted as of 2016, of which 9,000 are endemic. (holbrooktravel.com)
  • Thousands of documents related to the history of the slave trade in Latin America are held by the National Archives of Colombia and Cuba and are available online through their websites. (familysearch.org)
  • No matter what area of Colombia you are in, you are guaranteed a once-in-a-lifetime experience as you seek out some of the rarest and most beautiful bird species on the planet. (holbrooktravel.com)
  • Cartagena was also the main trade center for slavery, beginning in the very year it was founded (in 1533) although slaves were first brought in to Colombia in 1504. (familysearch.org)
  • Unfortunately doing a quick internet search might reveal outdated information, so we wanted to share the latest Colombia pet import rules as we know them. (petrelocation.com)
  • Fighters with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia 'detonated a high power explosive device' that destroyed the facility in the town of Algeciras, disrupting service to some 13,000 people, a military statement said. (yahoo.com)
  • The attacks notwithstanding, the Marxist rebels with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and the government are in peace talks dating back to November 2012, to end a decades old civil war. (yahoo.com)
  • The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia signed a historic cease-fire last week, and is preparing to demobilize, but the fight for control of its coca fields may have just begun. (theatlantic.com)
  • Colombia is arguably the world's best country for birdwatchers, with 1,800 species, of which 76 are endemic. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Host Colombia claims it has the world's largest variety of birds and orchids, and is second only to Brazil in terms of overall species diversity. (yahoo.com)
  • Presidents and ministers from seven Amazon countries met in Colombia on Friday to agree on measures to protect the world's biggest rainforest, under threat from wildfires and rampant deforestation. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Peru and Colombia called on Tuesday on fellow Amazonian countries to attend a presidential meeting next month on the forest fires raging in Brazil and Bolivia and to forge a pact to protect the world's largest tropical forest. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Colombia is the centre of the world's cocaine trade, and traffickers are always seeking new ways to avoid detection - including going underwater. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Colombia is the world's biggest producer of mild arabica beans, some of the highest quality coffee. (reuters.com)
  • LIKE MUCH ELSE in the Colombia of President Juan Manuel Santos, the ceremony on September 23rd started late, by an hour and 37 minutes. (economist.com)
  • Decades of armed conflict have left 8.8 million victims in Colombia. (icrc.org)
  • By supporting this loan, you're helping internally-displaced people in the rural, post-conflict regions of Colombia develop their businesses and provide for their families. (kiva.org)
  • It is really important to understand that Colombia is a country of civil conflict. (wikitravel.org)
  • Nespresso's coffee-sourcing expansion into several regions previously at the center of armed conflict is part of a $50 million investment for "sustainable quality coffee production" in Colombia, the company said in a release. (reuters.com)
  • By agreeing to become part of this Court, Colombia has sent a very important message to all parties of the conflict: either stop abuses or you could be facing justice in the ICC," said Jose Miguel Vivanco, executive director of Americas Division of Human Rights Watch. (hrw.org)
  • The announcement brings the end of Colombia's half-century-old internal conflict within sight. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Many people may think that perhaps there is no more conflict in Colombia, but the reality is that we continue to see thousands fleeing the increasingly volatile areas and fragmented fighting," she said, adding that the border area was dangerous. (unhcr.org)
  • Colombia is unlikely to put the conflict to rest until people can bury loved ones. (reuters.com)
  • In Buenaventura, Colombia , MSF psychologists receive around 1,000 calls a month through a mental health hotline-one of the few sources of psychosocial support for people in a city scarred by violence and conflict. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • In a report published last August, MSF provided evidence that exposure to violent events or the risk of violence has led to intense mental suffering among people living in certain urban areas of Colombia affected by both the conflict and the drug war. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Despite decades of internal conflict and drug related security challenges, Colombia maintains relatively strong democratic institutions characterized by peaceful, transparent elections and the protection of civil liberties. (indexmundi.com)
  • In 2012, Colombia received over $15 billion of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) compared to the $13 billion received in 2011 when it ranked fourth as FDI destination in Latin America behind Brazil, Mexico, and Chile. (state.gov)
  • By 1988, Unesco declared that Colombia was the only country in Latin America and the Caribbean where rural schools outperformed urban schools because of the Escuela Nueva method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plan Colombia was never engraved in stone," responded the US Ambassador to Colombia, William Brownfield, when asked whether Plan Colombia would remain a central part of US anti-drug policy in Latin America. (bbc.co.uk)
  • In a 2013 court case against Google, a judge ruled that the search engine was not liable for the third-party content to which it linked, establishing a positive precedent for intermediary liability in Colombia (see Limits on Content ). (freedomhouse.org)
  • SOGAMOSO, Colombia (Reuters) - Margarita Lucia Fonnegra did not flinch when the needle pricked her finger. (reuters.com)
  • With seven ecosystems between the beach and the glaciers of the Sierra Nevada, it's no surprise that ecotourism has slowly come into its own here, making Palomino an almost obligatory stop for Colombia travelers. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Travelers going to Colombia should take steps to avoid mosquito bites . (cdc.gov)
  • Prepare travelers to Colombia with recommendations for vaccines and medications. (cdc.gov)
  • That is part of "Plan Colombia", a $7.5 billion rag-bag of schemes aimed at fighting drugs, strengthening the state and helping the poor. (economist.com)
  • What future for US-backed Plan Colombia? (bbc.co.uk)
  • It is a battle the government says it has been winning in recent years - and one which has been heavily funded by the United States through its controversial military aid programme, Plan Colombia. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Thanks to Plan Colombia and our national security police [forces], that's a little less than a third of what it was in 1999, 1998 and 1997. (bbc.co.uk)
  • She said: "As a drug policy, I think Plan Colombia has been a relative failure. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Colombia is asking the United Nations to intervene as it steps up efforts to manage the Venezuelan migrant crisis, Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo said on Wednesday. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Venezuelan authorities vowed Monday to 'root out' plots against President Nicolas Maduro after what they said was a weekend drone 'assassination' bid backed by Colombia. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Colombia on Monday publicly defended a dossier it says proves Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro supports guerrilla groups and drug traffickers, but removed the armed forces' head of intelligence after widespread criticism of the report. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • New measure grants citizenship to the children born to Venezuelan parents on Colombia soil, helping thousands at risk of statelessness. (unhcr.org)
  • The new measure has put Colombia in the vanguard in terms of preventing statelessness among Venezuelan refugees and migrants. (unhcr.org)
  • The Venezuelan leader claimed that the attack was perpetrated by the right-wing paramilitaries from neighbouring Colombia. (newsblaze.com)
  • Betancourt, who is 46, was a minor presidential candidate in Colombia when she was kidnapped in 2002. (vanityfair.com)
  • Officials in Bogotá, Colombia are ordering residents in some boroughs to stay in their homes for two-week intervals in hopes that staggering a shutdown across swaths of the city will allow most economic activity to continue while slowing the rate of coronavirus infections. (pri.org)
  • Carnaval de Barranquilla has a tone that's distinctly Caribbean, setting the Colombia of the coast apart from the Colombia of the mountains. (cnn.com)
  • Chevron, in partnership with Ecopetrol, operates the offshore Chuchupa natural gas field in the Caribbean Sea as well as the onshore Ballena natural gas field in the province of La Guajira, in northern Colombia. (chevron.com)
  • At the massif of two ranges, and the headwaters of a river that flows 950 miles north to the Caribbean, a small group of growers produce a shining, sweet and delicately fruited Colombia that has a taste unto its own. (peets.com)
  • Antioquia, in red, links central Colombia to trafficking routes in Central America and the Caribbean. (businessinsider.com)
  • Colombia is an equatorial country, so there are no seasons, what Colombians normally refer to as winter is the rainy season. (wikitravel.org)
  • Along with traditional programmes to attend to migratory flows abroad, voluntary returns, and the reintegration of Colombians returning from other countries, and strengthening the government's capacity to address migratory issues and provide technical cooperation for migration, IOM has redesigned its activities in Colombia to the needs of populations affected by forced migration. (iom.int)
  • Colombia Is Dealing With a Terrifying Refugee Crisis. (nytimes.com)
  • This chapter presents evidence on the impact of a voucher program implemented in 1991 in Colombia. (rand.org)
  • Colombia developed the method of teaching known as Escuela Nueva or "New School. (wikipedia.org)
  • Señal Colombia: Nueva imagen para la Cadena 3. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colombia danced into the Round of 16 amid a fiesta of noise in Cuiaba, with a Jackson Martinez brace helping them to a 4-1 win over Japan. (fifa.com)
  • However, the first official embassy was set up by Japan in Bogotá , Colombia in 1934 and the following year Colombia established its embassy in Tokyo . (wikipedia.org)
  • And if estimates by some investigators turn out to be correct, Colombia will soon count more disappeared victims than Argentina or Peru. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Now, if Colombia can't do justice for its victims, the ICC can," said Vivanco. (hrw.org)
  • [1] Heavy day-to-day fighting between guerrillas, narco-traffickers, paramilitaries and state forces takes place in most of southern, south-eastern and north-western Colombia as of 2010, including certain smaller urban centers. (wikitravel.org)
  • More than 31,000 former paramilitaries demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia as a formal organization ceased to operate. (indexmundi.com)
  • Colombia has shown the greatest reduction in coca cultivations in a decade," said the director of the national police, Gen Oscar Naranjo. (bbc.co.uk)
  • According to the UN's preliminary report, there are 68,000 hectares [9680sq km] under coca cultivation in Colombia this year. (bbc.co.uk)
  • The government hopes the Marxist guerrilla group will help farmers transition from coca to another crop, leading to a tranquility that's been absent from rural Colombia since bands of poor farmers fled to the mountains in 1948. (theatlantic.com)
  • Although growing coca in Colombia is illegal, poor farmers cultivated it because by the time they transported their legal crops and fruits to the markets from their remote towns and villages through the dense forests, the transportations costs eroded any profit margin. (theatlantic.com)
  • The Government of Colombia actively encourages foreign direct investment. (state.gov)
  • U.S. government personnel cannot travel freely throughout Colombia for security reasons. (state.gov)
  • The dispatch which he sends in behalf of the Government and people of Colombia to the Senate and people of the United States, protesting against measures taken by us which have resulted in the secession and independence of Panama, will not be heeded. (nytimes.com)
  • NGOs have also begun calling for more information regarding the scope of government surveillance and threats to user privacy, issues that will likely gain greater traction in Colombia as internet use becomes more widespread. (freedomhouse.org)
  • On July 22, Fitch revised Colombia's Rating Outlook to Negative reflecting a large current account deficit, rising external indebtedness and a high government debt burden relative to rating peers. (foxbusiness.com)
  • The Government of Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic with 32 departments. (goldprice.org)
  • In the 1950s, nearly all of Colombia had split into armed political factions, and the government saw the farmers' Marxist ideology as a threat. (theatlantic.com)
  • Under government management, the chain has expanded to 800 stores and is the largest pharmacy in Colombia. (newsmax.com)
  • We Brazilians are resigned to suffer a lot, as we did against Chile, because Colombia play really well and they've revealed in the course of the tournament the talent of James Rodriguez. (fifa.com)
  • A biennial Ibero-American Theatre Festival ( colombia.travel ), architecture tours and a booming gastronomy scene make the capital, Bogotá a worthy stopover. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In May, Nestlé announced that its premium portioned coffee brand, Nespresso, had committed to five further years of investment in its sustainability programme in Colombia. (chemie.de)
  • In Colombia, a loosely organized coalition of paramilitary groups was better known for selectively assassinating adversaries or carrying out massacres of villagers before its militias completed a three-year disarmament in 2006. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The scene had been repeated across Colombia for a generation, as illegal paramilitary gunmen, often working closely with army units, killed thousands of people in their war against leftist insurgencies and, in most cases, disposed of them in shallow, unmarked graves. (washingtonpost.com)
  • As well as researching change in the Valle del Cauca, Ten Years also gives staff from Christian Aid Colombia and Justicia y Paz the opportunity to participate in facilitated reflections about how they anticipate and respond to changes in their context, particularly related to how the Peace Agreement plays out in implementation. (christianaid.org.uk)
  • UNHCR estimates some 600 people have been arriving from Colombia each week in Ecuador's Esmeraldas province since the beginning of this year. (unhcr.org)
  • SAN LORENZO, Ecuador, April 12 (UNHCR) - Senor Padilla, his wife and two of their children escaped to the small Ecuadorean port of San Lorenzo in late February, joining the growing number of people fleeing fresh violence in nearby Colombia. (unhcr.org)
  • The new arrivals say the situation in Colombia remains volatile," the UNHCR official said. (unhcr.org)
  • One priority for UNHCR is to work with the protection networks established in the border region to help trace the separated family members and to enhance protection activities along the northern border with Colombia. (unhcr.org)
  • 日本とコロンビアの関係 ) refers to the diplomatic relations between Colombia and Japan . (wikipedia.org)
  • Diplomatic relations between Colombia and Japan were established in a treaty called Friendship, Commerce and Navigation signed in Washington, D.C. , United States on May 25, 1908. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Colombia, where cattle occupy 80 percent of agricultural area , pastures have contributed to soil degradation and deforestation and, in dry areas, have hastened desertification, according to Julián Chará, a researcher at the Center for Research in Sustainable Systems of Agriculture, CIPAV , in Cali, Colombia. (csmonitor.com)
  • In Colombia, Molina's brand of so-called "sustainable intensification" is the favored agroforestry practice for livestock production. (csmonitor.com)
  • Business-friendly policies and a steadily improving security situation will help Colombia to achieve sustainable levels of strong real GDP growth, which we forecast will average 4.6% y-oy over 2012-2021. (chemie.de)
  • Colombia is close to a historic peace agreement that will transform its prospects. (economist.com)
  • Colombia has a comprehensive legal framework for business. (state.gov)
  • These achievements underscored the importance of the U.S-Colombia free trade agreement in establishing a sound framework for bilateral agriculture market access. (usda.gov)
  • The Review shows that, in the past few years, Colombia has made tremendous progress in promoting investment liberalisation and improving its investment policy framework. (oecd.org)
  • BOGOT, COLOMBIA - Judged by US State Department memos and news accounts, Colombia is a violent place where tourists wouldn't want to venture. (csmonitor.com)