Colobus: A genus of Old World monkeys, subfamily COLOBINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, that inhabits the forests of Africa. It consists of eight species: C. angolensis (Angolan colobus), C. badius or C. rufomitratus (Red or Bay colobus), C. guereza (Guereza or Eastern black-and-white colobus), C. kirkii (Kirk's colobus), C. polykomos (King colobus or Western black-and-white colobus), C. satanas (Black colobus), and C. verus (Olive colobus). Some authors recognize Procolobus as a separate genus and then the olive colobus is recognized as the species P. verus.Simian foamy virus: A species of SPUMAVIRUS causing non-pathogenic infections in chimpanzees and humans.Millettia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain ISOFLAVONES, some of which show molluscicidal and schistosomicidal activity. Some species of Pongamia have been reclassified to this genus and some to DERRIS.Cote d'Ivoire: A republic in western Africa, south of MALI and BURKINA FASO, bordered by GHANA on the east. Its administrative capital is Abidjan and Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983. The country was formerly called Ivory Coast.Simian T-lymphotropic virus 1: A strain of PRIMATE T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2, closely related to the human HTLV-1 virus. The clinical, hematological, and histopathological characteristics of the disease in STLV-infected monkeys are very similar to those of human adult T-cell leukemia. Subgroups include the African green monkey subtype (STLV-I-AGM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 95% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1, and the Asian rhesus macaque subtype (STLV-I-MM), for which the nucleotide sequence is 90% homologous with that of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1.Nautilus: The sole genus in the family Nautilidae, order Nautilida, comprised of CEPHALOPODS with spiral external shells that are separated into chambers.Papua New Guinea: A country consisting of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and adjacent islands, including New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover in the Bismarck Archipelago; Bougainville and Buka in the northern Solomon Islands; the D'Entrecasteaux and Trobriand Islands; Woodlark (Murua) Island; and the Louisiade Archipelago. It became independent on September 16, 1975. Formerly, the southern part was the Australian Territory of Papua, and the northern part was the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. They were administratively merged in 1949 and named Papua and New Guinea, and renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971.Palau: A republic consisting of a group of about 100 islands and islets in the western Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Koror. Under Spain it was administered as a part of the Caroline Islands but was sold to Germany in 1899. Seized by Japan in 1914, it was taken by the Allies in World War II in 1944. In 1947 it became part of the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, became internally self-governing in 1980, obtained independent control over its foreign policy (except defense) in 1986, and achieved total independence October 1, 1994. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p915; telephone communication with Randy Flynn, Board on Geographic Names, 17 January 1995)New Guinea: Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.Fruiting Bodies, Fungal: The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.Senegal: A republic in western Africa, southwest of MAURITANIA and east of MALI. Its capital is Dakar.Cercopithecidae: The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.PrimatesPlatyrrhini: An infraorder of New World monkeys, comprised of the families AOTIDAE; ATELIDAE; CEBIDAE; and PITHECIIDAE. They are found exclusively in the Americas.Cebidae: A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.Monkey Diseases: Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).Mandrillus: A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, comprising two species: the drill (M. leucophaeus) and the mandrill (M. sphinx). They are usually found in thick rainforest and have a gentle disposition despite their ferocious reputation. Some authors consider Mandrillus a subgenus of PAPIO.Pan troglodytes: The common chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. It lives in Africa, primarily in the tropical rainforests. There are a number of recognized subspecies.Giardia: A genus of flagellate intestinal EUKARYOTES parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans. Characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.Cryptosporidium: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.Ape Diseases: Diseases of chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans.Cryptosporidium parvum: A species of parasitic protozoa that infects humans and most domestic mammals. Its oocysts measure five microns in diameter. These organisms exhibit alternating cycles of sexual and asexual reproduction.Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Planets: Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Bacteriology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Animals, ZooReinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Cebus: A genus of the family CEBIDAE, subfamily CEBINAE, consisting of four species which are divided into two groups, the tufted and untufted. C. apella has tufts of hair over the eyes and sides of the head. The remaining species are without tufts - C. capucinus, C. nigrivultatus, and C. albifrons. Cebus inhabits the forests of Central and South America.Osteotomy, Le Fort: Transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla. There are three types: Le Fort I osteotomy for maxillary advancement or the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort II osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort III osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures with fracture of one or more facial bones. Le Fort III is often used also to correct craniofacial dysostosis and related facial abnormalities. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1203 & p662)Behavior Control: Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.Immersion: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.Residual Volume: The volume of air remaining in the LUNGS at the end of a maximal expiration. Common abbreviation is RV.Nelson Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.Dental Impression Materials: Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Anniversaries and Special Events: Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.ArtiodactylaHistory, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Antelopes: Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Skeleton: The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.Triploidy: Polyploidy with three sets of chromosomes. Triploidy in humans are 69XXX, 69XXY, and 69XYY. It is associated with HOLOPROSENCEPHALY; ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; PARTIAL HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; and MISCARRAGES.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.

Morphologic and molecular characterization of new Cyclospora species from Ethiopian monkeys: C. cercopitheci sp.n., C. colobi sp.n., and C. papionis sp.n. (1/37)

In recent years, human cyclosporiasis has emerged as an important infection, with large outbreaks in the United States and Canada. Understanding the biology and epidemiology of Cyclospora has been difficult and slow and has been complicated by not knowing the pathogen s origins, animal reservoirs (if any), and relationship to other coccidian parasites. This report provides morphologic and molecular characterization of three parasites isolated from primates and names each isolate: Cyclospora cercopitheci sp.n. for a species recovered from green monkeys, C. colobi sp.n. for a parasite from colobus monkeys, and C. papionis sp.n. for a species infecting baboons. These species, plus C. cayetanensis, which infects humans, increase to four the recognized species of Cyclospora infecting primates. These four species group homogeneously as a single branch intermediate between avian and mammalian Eimeria. Results of our analysis contribute toward clarification of the taxonomic position of Cyclospora and its relationship to other coccidian parasites.  (+info)

Catarrhine photopigments are optimized for detecting targets against a foliage background. (2/37)

The colour vision of many primates is trichromatic, whereas that of all other mammals is thought to be dichromatic or monochromatic. Moreover, the triplets of cone pigments in different catarrhines (Old World apes and monkeys) are strikingly similar in their spectral positions. We ask whether the selective advantage of trichromacy lies in an enhanced ability to find edible leaves or fruit. Further, we ask whether any factor in these two search tasks has constrained the particular set of cone spectral sensitivities observed in all catarrhines. We measured the spectral properties of the natural environments of six primate species in Uganda: Pan troglodytes, Cercopithecus mitis, Cercopithecus ascanius, Lophocebus albigena, Colobus guereza and Colobus badius. We concentrated on the fruit and leaves in their diets and the leaves of the trees that make up the background against which these diet items must be found. We plotted these measured stimuli in colour spaces appropriate for each primate species, and found that both frugivory and folivory are facilitated by the extra dimension of colour vision found in catarrhines but lacking in most other mammals. Furthermore, by treating the task of searching for food as a signal-detection task, we show that, of all possible combinations of cone sensitivities, the spectral positions of the actual primate pigments are optimal for finding fruit or young leaves against the background of mature leaves. This is because the variance of the chromaticities of the mature leaves is minimised in one channel of the primate's colour vision, so allowing anything that is not a mature leaf to stand out.  (+info)

Characterization of a novel simian immunodeficiency virus from guereza colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) in Cameroon: a new lineage in the nonhuman primate lentivirus family. (3/37)

Exploration of the diversity among primate lentiviruses is necessary to elucidate the origins and evolution of immunodeficiency viruses. During a serological survey in Cameroon, we screened 25 wild-born guereza colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) and identified 7 with HIV/SIV cross-reactive antibodies. In this study, we describe a novel lentivirus, named SIVcol, prevalent in guereza colobus monkeys. Genetic analysis revealed that SIVcol was very distinct from all other known SIV/HIV isolates, with average amino acid identities of 40% for Gag, 50% for Pol, 28% for Env, and around 25% for proteins encoded by five other genes. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed that SIVcol is genetically distinct from other previously characterized primate lentiviruses and clusters independently, forming a novel lineage, the sixth in the current classification. Cercopithecidae monkeys (Old World monkeys) are subdivided into two subfamilies, the Colobinae and the Cercopithecinae, and, so far, all Cercopithecidae monkeys from which lentiviruses have been isolated belong to the Cercopithecinae subfamily. Therefore, SIVcol from guereza colobus monkeys (C. guereza) is the first primate lentivirus identified in the Colobinae subfamily and the divergence of SIVcol may reflect divergence of the host lineage.  (+info)

The Jezierski papers: live polio vaccine development in colobus monkey cells but not chimpanzee cells in the Belgian Congo, 1952-1958. (4/37)

A reading of ten relevant papers by Alexandre Jezierski provides evidence for the only attempt in Central Africa to develop a live oral polio vaccine (OPV) from growing reference wild polio strains to 210 passages in colobus monkey tissue culture, and experimental administration to about 25 humans. Chimpanzees were used as a human model, but their tissues or kidneys were absent from the passage and production line of the proposed vaccine. Thus, the implication published by Hooper that Jezierski had produced a candidate OPV that might have contained chimpanzee viruses, possibly simian immunodeficiency virus cpz or the precursor of human immunodeficiency virus-1 group M, is incorrect.  (+info)

Partial molecular characterization of two simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIV) from African colobids: SIVwrc from Western red colobus (Piliocolobus badius) and SIVolc from olive colobus (Procolobus verus). (5/37)

In order to study primate lentivirus evolution in the Colobinae subfamily, in which only one simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) has been described to date, we screened additional species from the three different genera of African colobus monkeys for SIV infection. Blood was obtained from 13 West African colobids, and HIV cross-reactive antibodies were observed in 5 of 10 Piliocolobus badius, 1 of 2 Procolobus verus, and 0 of 1 Colobus polykomos specimens. Phylogenetic analyses of partial pol sequences revealed that the new SIVs were more closely related to each other than to the other SIVs and especially did not cluster with the previously described SIVcol from Colobus guereza. This study presents evidence that the three genera of African colobus monkeys are naturally infected with an SIV and indicates also that there was no coevolution between virus and hosts at the level of the Colobinae subfamily.  (+info)

High variety of different simian T-cell leukemia virus type 1 strains in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) of the Tai National Park, Cote d'Ivoire. (6/37)

We found human T-cell leukemia virus type 1- and simian T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (STLV-1)-related infections in 5 of 10 chimpanzees originating from three groups of wild chimpanzees. The new virus isolates showed a surprising heterogeneity not only in comparison to STLV-1 described previously in other primate species but also between the different chimpanzee groups, within a group, or even between strains isolated from an individual animal. The interdisciplinary combination of virology, molecular epidemiology, and long-term behavioral studies suggests that the primary route of infection might be interspecies transmission from other primates, such as red colobus monkeys, that are hunted and consumed by chimpanzees.  (+info)

Oesophagostomum bifurcum in non-human primates is not a potential reservoir for human infection in Ghana. (7/37)

In northern Togo and Ghana, human infection with the parasitic nematode Oesophagostomum bifurcum is of major health importance. Elsewhere, oesophagostomiasis is considered a zoonotic infection, non-human primates being the natural host. We examined 349 faecal samples of the olive baboon, mona monkey and black and white colobus monkey from two geographically distinct areas in Ghana, outside the region endemic for O. bifurcum in humans. Using both microscopy and species-specific PCR, we found a high prevalence of O. bifurcum (75-99%) in olive baboons and mona monkeys. The majority of the test-positive faecal samples contained large numbers of larvae after copro-culture (>100). No O. bifurcum was detected in the faeces of the black and white colobus monkeys. Observational studies on the behaviour of the non-human primates, focusing on defecation, food consumption and the sharing of habitat with the local human population, indicated favourable conditions for zoonotic transmission. Given that no human infection with O. bifurcum has been reported from either study area, the present findings support the hypothesis that O. bifurcum from humans in the north of Ghana, and O. bifurcum from olive baboons and/or mona monkeys are distinct.  (+info)

Nonhuman anthropoid primate femoral neck trabecular architecture and its relationship to locomotor mode. (8/37)

Functional analyses of human and nonhuman anthropoid primate femoral neck structure have largely ignored the trabecular bone. We tested hypotheses regarding differences in the relative distribution and structural anisotropy of trabecular bone in the femoral neck of quadrupedal and climbing/suspensory anthropoids. We used high-resolution X-ray computed tomography to analyze quantitatively the femoral neck trabecular structure of Ateles geoffroyi, Symphalangus syndactylus, Alouatta seniculus, Colobus guereza, Macaca fascicularis, and Papio cynocephalus (n = 46). We analyzed a size-scaled superior and inferior volume of interest (VOI) in the femoral neck. The ratio of the superior to inferior VOI bone volume fraction indicated that the distribution of trabecular bone was inferiorly skewed in most (but not all) quadrupeds and evenly distributed the climbing/suspensory species, but interspecific comparisons indicated that all taxa overlapped in these measurements. Degree of anisotropy values were generally higher in the inferior VOI of all species and the results for the two climbing/suspensory taxa, A. geoffroyi (1.71 +/- 0.30) and S. syndactylus (1.55 +/- 0.04), were similar to the results for the quadrupedal anthropoids, C. guereza (male = 1.64 +/- 0.13; female = 1.68 +/- 0.07) and P. cynocephalus (1.47 +/- 0.13). These results suggest strong trabecular architecture similarity across body sizes, anthropoid phylogenetic backgrounds, and locomotor mode. This structural similarity might be explained by greater similarity in anthropoid hip joint loading mechanics than previously considered. It is likely that our current models of anthropoid hip joint mechanics are overly simplistic.  (+info)

*King colobus

The king colobus (Colobus polykomos), also known as the western black-and-white colobus, is a species of Old World monkey, ... The king colobus has white only on its whiskers, chest, and tail, and its tail is not covered by a tuft. The king colobus has a ... The king colobus can be distinguished from other members of the Colobus genus by the placement of its white markings. ... The male king colobus grows to a head-and-body length of 670 mm (26 in), with a tail of between 630 and 900 mm (25 and 35 in). ...

*Pennant's colobus

Pennant's red colobus monkeys have been little studied but their diet is likely to be similar to that of other red colobus ... Red colobus monkeys have a long tail used only for balancing which is not prehensile. Pennant's red colobus is found in several ... Like other red colobus monkeys, Pennant's red colobus lives in troops which may consist of twelve to eighty individuals ... Pennant's colobus or Pennant's red colobus (Procolobus pennantii) is a species of tree-dwelling primate in the family ...

*Red colobus

Western red colobus, Procolobus badius Pennant's colobus, Procolobus pennantii Niger Delta red colobus, Procolobus epieni ... Procolobus preussi Zanzibar red colobus, Procolobus kirkii Central African red colobus, Procolobus foai Ugandan red colobus, ... The red colobus monkeys have adapted their behavior by joining troops of green monkeys that are near the potential red colobus ... They are closely related to the black-and-white colobus monkeys (genus Colobus), and some species are often found in groups ...

*Black colobus

The black colobus (Colobus satanas), or satanic black colobus, is a species of Old World monkey belonging to the genus Colobus ... There are two subspecies of black colobus monkey: Colobus satanas satanas - Bioko black colobus (Waterhouse, 1838) Colobus ... The black colobus monkey is one of five recognised species in the Colobus genus. The black colobus is the oldest species in ... As in all Colobus species, the black colobus has a slender build and ischial callosities - tough pads of skin on the rump. ...

*Ursine colobus

The ursine colobus (Colobus vellerosus, white-thighed colobus, Geoffroy's black-and-white colobus, white-thighed black-and- ... "Colobus vellerosus: ursine colobus". Regents of the University of Michigan. Retrieved 19 October 2016. Detailed range map at " ... 431-452, ISBN 978-0-521-02809-7 ARKive - images and movies of Geoffroy's black-and-white colobus (Colobus vellerosus). ... The ursine colobus was formerly thought to be a subspecies of Colobus polykomos with which it interbred; however, it has since ...

*Angola colobus

Colobus angolensis Sclater's Angola colobus, Colobus angolensis angolensis Powell-Cotton's Angola colobus, Colobus angolensis ... Colobus angolensis ruwenzorii Cordier's Angola colobus, Colobus angolensis cordieri Prigogine's Angola colobus, Colobus ... The Angola colobus, Angolan black-and-white colobus, or Angolan colobus (Colobus angolensis) is an arboreal Old World monkey ... Of all Colobus species, the Angola colobus occurs in the southernmost latitudes. The geographical range lies south of that of ...

*Olive colobus

The olive colobus monkey (Procolobus verus), also known as the green colobus or Van Beneden's colobus, is a species of primate ... The olive colobus is classified as near threatened by the IUCN Red List, the cause of its decline attributed to habitat loss ... The olive colobus mating system is unique in that unlike many species living in small groups, there is no evidence of male ... The olive colobus is also covered in many protected areas including Taï National Park on the Ivory Coast of West Africa, which ...

*Udzungwa red colobus

The Uzungwa red colobus (Procolobus gordonorum), also known as the Udzungwa red colobus or Iringa red colobus, is a species of ... Udzungwa Red Colobus. ARKive. Accessed 2008-07-20 Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press ...

*Western red colobus

This red colobus has three subspecies, including the nominate: Bay red colobus, Procolobus badius badius Temminck's red colobus ... The western red colobus (Procolobus badius), also known as the rust red colobus, is a species of Old World monkey found in West ... Compared to monkeys in the genus Colobus, the nostrils are V-shaped, the digits are long and the big toe short. The red colobus ... The western red colobus grows to a head-and-body length of 450 to 670 mm (18 to 26 in) with a tail of 520 to 800 mm (20 to 31 ...

*Preuss's red colobus

... (Procolobus preussi) is a red colobus primate species endemic to the Cross-Sanaga Rivers ecoregion. An ... Like other colobus monkeys, it is primarily a leaf eater. Preuss's red colobus has a black head, a black back ticked with ... Preuss's red colobus has, in the past, been considered a subspecies of P. pennantii and P. badius. Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson ... The Preuss's red colobus is critically endangered according to the IUCN Red List due to hunting pressure and destruction of its ...

*Zanzibar red colobus

The Zanzibar red colobus (Procolobus kirkii) is a species of red colobus monkey endemic to Unguja, the main island of the ... The Zanzibar red colobus, Procolobus kirkii, population on Zanzibar, represents a population of red colobus that is believed to ... The Zanzibar red colobus is found in three forests of the Zanzibar archipelago. It displays a wide habit tolerance, but it is ... The red colobus species have a smaller larynx compared to other members of the Colobinae subfamily. The male's call is more of ...

*Bouvier's red colobus

... has brownish-red fur on its body that is lighter than its closest relative, the Bioko red colobus (P. ... Bouvier's red colobus (Piliocolobus bouvieri) is a species of colobus monkey rediscovered in the Republic of the Congo in 2015 ... Bouvier's red colobus was first described in 1887 by Alphonse Trémeau de Rochebrune in Faune de Sénégambie. For many years it ... Bouvier's red colobus lives in swampy forests surrounding the Congo River, between the mouths of the Alima and Oubangui Rivers ...

*Ugandan red colobus

The Ugandan red colobus (Procolobus tephrosceles) is an endangered species of red colobus monkey, recognised as a distinct ... ISBN 0-226-77769-3. Rodgers, W.; Struhsaker, T.; West, C. (1984). "Observation on the red colobus (Colobus badius tephrosceles) ... The Ugandan red colobus, like all colobus monkeys, has thumbs which are so reduced in size they are almost absent. It is ... The Ugandan red colobus is a folivore so the main component of its diet is leaves. It is not limited to any tree species in ...

*Thollon's red colobus

... (Procolobus tholloni), also known as the Tshuapa red colobus, is a species of red colobus monkey from the ... Flickr - image of the Thollon's red colobus (Procolobus tholloni) Flickr - image of the Thollon's red colobus (Procolobus ... tholloni) Flickr - image of the Thollon's red colobus (Procolobus tholloni) Flickr - image of the Thollon's red colobus ( ...

*Tana River red colobus

The Tana River red colobus (Procolobus rufomitratus), also called the eastern red colobus, is a highly endangered species of ... "Effects of habitat disturbance on the behavioral ecology and demographics of the Tana river red colobus (Colobus badius ... Red colobus monkeys breed throughout the year, and have a gestation period of about 4.5 to 5.5 months. Infants cling to their ... Colobus monkeys eat mostly leaves from a limited number of tree species. They choose mature leaf species that are high in ...

*Black-and-white colobus

Genus Colobus Black colobus, C. satanas Gabon black colobus, C. s. anthracinus Bioko black colobus, C. s. satanas Angola ... cordieri Prigogine's Angola colobus, C. a. prigoginei Peters's Angola colobus or Tanzanian black-and-white colobus, C. a. ... palliatus King colobus, C. polykomos Ursine colobus, C. vellerosus Mantled guereza or Abyssinian black-and-white colobus, C. ... cottoni Adolf Friedrichs's Angola colobus, or Ruwenzori black-and-white colobus, C. a. ruwenzorii Cordier's Angola colobus, C. ...

*Niger Delta red colobus

Colin Groves recognized the Niger Delta red colobus as a full species in 2007, although Groves considered all the red colobus ... The Niger Delta red colobus (Piliocolobus epieni) is a critically endangered species of colobus monkey endemic to the western ... and maybe also the olive colobus (Procolobus verus). When it was first discovered, the Niger Delta red colobus was locally ... it was considered a subspecies of the western red colobus (Procolobus badius) and more recently Pennant's colobus (Procolobus ...

*Central African red colobus

... the Ugandan red colobus. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the Central African red colobus should be considered a ... The Central African red colobus (Procolobus foai) is an Old World monkey in the family Cercopithecidae. It is found in humid ... As here defined, the Central African red colobus has 5 subspecies, although these are variable and hard to separate: Procolobus ... Additionally, the taxon tephrosceles has been considered a subspecies of the Central African red colobus, but following Groves ...

*Catch Me a Colobus

... was a television series narrated by Gerald Durrell, the well-known British naturalist and writer, which was ... It described an expedition to Sierra Leone to catch colobus monkeys for Durrell's zoo in Jersey. There was also a book of this ...

*Miss Waldron's red colobus

... (Piliocolobus badius waldronae) is a subspecies of the western red colobus native to West Africa. It ... Fruit, seeds and foliage provide the primary food source of Miss Waldron's red colobus. The western red colobus frequently is ... The IUCN Red List notes Miss Waldron's red colobus as critically endangered. Miss Waldron's red colobus was discovered in ... Miss Waldron's red colobus is the first primate to be suspected extinct in the 21st century, but there is considerable debate ...

*Wildlife of Tanzania

The Udzungwa red colobus and Sanje mangabey are only found in the Udzungwa Mountains National Park; that mangabey was only ... Other primates found in large numbers are the red colobus, red-tailed and blue monkey. The unpolluted clear water lake, the ... and red colobus monkey. The park is the site of Jane Goodall's ongoing study of chimpanzee behaviour, which started in 1960. ... red colobus monkeys; wild dogs; and Pemba flying foxes. However, Lonely Planet also mentions a figure of 430 species of four ...

*Taxonomic contributions of Major P. H. G. Powell-Cotton

Colobus (colobus) palliates cottoni Monkey Colobus (guooesa) matshiei dodingae Colobus (Pliocolobus) powelli B/W Colobus ... the B/W Colobus (Colobus angolensis cottoni) was rated "Least Concern" in The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species published in ... and examine the colobus material and the specimens of musk-deer at the Museum. Some of these studies can be found in his noted ... Colobus, Euoticus, Felis, Gazella, Gorilla, Kobus, Pan, Redunca, Sylvicapra, Syncerus and Tragelaphuse (number of the specimens ...

*Zora Wolfová

Catch Me a Colobus.] Praha: Mladá fronta, 1977; Praha: BB art, 2000, 2009. Durrell, Gerald: Opilý prales. [The Drunken Forest ...

*Monkey drive

The species mentioned by Durrell are now considered genera: black-and-white colobus and red-and-black colobus. Bamforth, Enid ( ... ISBN 1-904985-24-6. Durrell, Gerald (1972). Catch Me a Colobus. pp. 113-128. ISBN 0-00-633264-1. ... but in order to capture colobus monkeys. In his book on the expedition, published in 1972, he wrote that 2000 to 3000 monkeys ... are killed in monkey drives in Sierra Leone each year, including the "two species" of colobus monkeys, which do no damage to ...

*Wildlife of Cameroon

Colobus satanas); the patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas); the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla); the Angolan colobus (Colobus ... black colobus (Colobus satanas), Cameroon climbing mouse (Dendromus oreas) also endemic, Cameroon soft-furred mouse (Praomys ... Mammals Primates reported are: De Brazza's monkey (Cercopithecus neglectus), the black colobus ( ...
The Ugandan red colobus (Procolobus tephrosceles) is an endangered species of red colobus monkey, recognised as a distinct species since 2001. There is disagreement however over taxonomy with many considering the Ugandan red colobus to be a subspecies (Procolobus rufomitratus tephrosceles). The Ugandan red colobus is an Old World monkey which is found in 5 different locations across Uganda and Tanzania. Recognised as a distinct species in 2001 the Ugandan red colobus had previously been considered a subspecies of P. badius, and later a subspecies of P. foai. There is currently a debate as to whether it should be considered a subspecies of P. rufomitratus. The Ugandan red colobus has a rust-red cap with a dark grey to black face, although infants are born with completely black faces. There is more variation amongst the coat colours of the Ugandan red colobus with back colour ranging from black to dark grey through to a reddish brown. The sides of the body and the arms and legs are a light grey. ...
Black-and-white colobuses (or colobi) are Old World monkeys of the genus Colobus, native to Africa. They are closely related to the brown colobus monkeys of genus Piliocolobus. The word "colobus" comes from Greek κολοβός kolobós ("docked"), and is so named because in this genus, the thumb is a stump. Colobuses are herbivorous, eating leaves, fruit, flowers, and twigs. Their habitats include primary and secondary forests, riverine forests, and wooded grasslands; they are found more in higher-density logged forests than in other primary forests. Their ruminant-like digestive systems have enabled these leaf-eaters to occupy niches that are inaccessible to other primates. Colobuses live in territorial groups of about nine individuals, based upon a single male with a number of females and their offspring. Newborn colobuses are completely white. Cases of allomothering are documented, which means members of the troop other than the infants biological mother care for it. Colobuses are important ...
The way we shop and bargain for fruits and vegetables using our sensory powers, chimpanzees too use manipulative dexterity to evaluate and select figs -- a vital resource when preferred foods are scarce, say researchers.. Get the Free Tracker App to find a Luvabella in Stock. The study demonstrates the foraging advantages of opposable fingers and careful manual prehension (the act of grasping an object with precision).. The findings shed new light on the ecological origins of hands with fine motor control, a trait that enabled our early human ancestors to manufacture and use stone tools.. "The supreme dexterity of the human hand is unsurpassed among mammals, a fact that is often linked to early tool use," said lead author Nathaniel J Dominy, professor of anthropology at Dartmouth College in the US.. For the study, Dominy and his colleagues observed the foraging behaviours of chimpanzees, black-and-white colobus monkeys, red colobus monkeys and red-tailed monkeys in Kibale National Park, ...
The rediscovery of the crusty nautilus in Papua New Guinea is one of several recent sightings of animals thought to have disappeared forever.
Old World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans and apes than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many Old World monkeys in its scientific collections.
Old World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans and apes than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many Old World monkeys in its scientific collections.
The high expression of CA-II in saliva of ruminating animals may be interpreted as an adaptation to maintain a suitable environment for ruminal microbes that are essential for the digestion of tough-structured, fibrous grass diets (3, 6). This would get strong support from the expression of the identical enzyme in Colobus monkeys, known to be the only foregut-fermenting primates, as well as in termites, the hindgut of which is an insect analogue to the bovine rumen. Providing the evidence of a connection between salivary CA concentration and changing ruminal or stomach pH in fore-stomach fermenters will enable us to easily and non-invasively detect and diagnose developing acidosis in a zoo environment before it becomes serious or lethal. Thereby, the overall performance and breeding success of Colobus monkeys or zoo ruminants could be improved.. Studies following the idea and techniques presented here may help to increase our knowledge of the important role that pH regulation plays in the ...
Like most emerging infectious disease viruses, HIV is also of zoonotic origin. To assess the risk for cross-species transmission of simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) from nonhuman primates to humans in the Democratic Republic of Congo, we collected 330 samples derived from nonhuman primate bushmeat at 3 remote forest sites. SIV prevalences were estimated by using a novel high-throughput assay that included 34 HIV and SIV antigens in a single well. Overall, 19% of nonhuman primate bushmeat was infected with SIVs, and new SIV lineages were identified. Highest SIV prevalences were seen in red-tailed guenons (25%) and Tshuapa red colobus monkeys (24%), representing the most common hunted primate species, thus increasing the likelihood for cross-species transmission. Additional studies are needed to determine whether other SIVs crossed the species barrier. With the newly developed assay, large-scale screening against many antigens is now easier and faster.
Like most emerging infectious disease viruses, HIV is also of zoonotic origin. To assess the risk for cross-species transmission of simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) from nonhuman primates to humans in the Democratic Republic of Congo, we collected 330 samples derived from nonhuman primate bushmeat at 3 remote forest sites. SIV prevalences were estimated by using a novel high-throughput assay that included 34 HIV and SIV antigens in a single well. Overall, 19% of nonhuman primate bushmeat was infected with SIVs, and new SIV lineages were identified. Highest SIV prevalences were seen in red-tailed guenons (25%) and Tshuapa red colobus monkeys (24%), representing the most common hunted primate species, thus increasing the likelihood for cross-species transmission. Additional studies are needed to determine whether other SIVs crossed the species barrier. With the newly developed assay, large-scale screening against many antigens is now easier and faster ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in primates and determine their zoonotic or anthropozoonotic potential. Direct immunofluorescence was used to identify Giardia and Cryptosporidium from faecal samples. PCR and DNA sequencing was performed on positive results. Giardia cysts were identified from 5.5% (5/90) of captive chimpanzees and 0% (0/11) of captive mandrills in the Republic of Congo; 0% (0/10) of captive chimpanzees in Norway; and 0% of faecal samples (n = 49) from wild Zanzibar red colobus monkeys. Two Giardia positive samples were also positive on PCR, and sequencing revealed identical isolates of Assemblage B. Cryptosporidium oocysts were not detected in any of the samples. In these primate groups, in which interactions with humans and human environments are quite substantial, Giardia and Cryptosporidium are rare pathogens. In chimpanzees, Giardia may have a zoonotic or anthropozoonotic potential. © 2015 John Wiley & ...
When we are sick, or suffering discomfort from diarrhea or indigestion, we take medicines to make us feel better. We know what ails us, and we know what can help us. Monkeys, too, seem to have knowledge of the therapeutic. New cases are reported every year, and zoopharmacognosy, the study of self-medication in animals, is a growing field. The fur-rubbing white-faced capuchins and the charcoal-eating red colobus monkeys seen in Clever Monkeys are just two examples of medical ingenuity in primates. Across the globe, monkeys have figured out remedies for common ailments, just as we have.. One of the greatest dangers to monkeys, and one of the greatest annoyances, are insects and parasites. Ectoparasites like lice, ticks, and mosquitoes carry many diseases to which monkeys are susceptible. Evolutionary biologists believe that parasites coevolved with their hosts over eons, and both humans and monkeys have continually sought relief from these pests. Itching, scratching, and swatting are the only ...
Primates and Monkeys found in Nyungwe Forest. There are 13 primate species that occur in Nyungwe and this represents like 20-25% of the total number of primates in Africa. This is a remarkable figure that in East Africa is compared only to Ugandas Kibale Forest. More so, many of the rimates are also listed as endangered on the IUCN red list and Nyungwe is also the main stronghold for two of them. The most of the celebrated of these primates include the Rwenzori Colobus which is also a race of the wide spread Angola Colobus that is restricted to the Albertine Rift. This Rwenzori Colobus is acrobatic and arboreal leaf eater that is easily notable from any other type of primate found in Nyungwe just by contrasting black over all colours and snow white whiskers, the shoulders and the tail tip. Even though all the colobus monkeys are so sociable, the ones in Nyungwe are also unique since they move in troops of many animals. There is a semi habituated troop of over 400 and are residents in the forest ...
During 2010-2011, we investigated interspecies transmission of partetraviruses between predators (humans and chimpanzees) and their prey (colobus monkeys) in Côte dIvoire. Despite widespread infection in all species investigated, no interspecies transmission could be detected by PCR and genome analysis. All sequences identified formed species- or subspecies (chimpanzee)-specific clusters, which supports a co-evolution hypothesis.
During 2010-2011, we investigated interspecies transmission of partetraviruses between predators (humans and chimpanzees) and their prey (colobus monkeys) in Côte dIvoire. Despite widespread infection in all species investigated, no interspecies tr
Light is a very interesting phenomenon. Different animals use it in different ways. Colobus monkeys tend to target young reddish not green leaves. Plant species tend to have young leaves that are red and are more nutritious. They are simply taking advantage of their sense of full color vision. This is the ability to distinguish certain shades of colors. Therefore this ability helps them with their survival. Non-primate animals lack full color vision. More specifically apes and Old World monkeys have trichromatic vision. This means they see across the visible spectrum from blue to green to red. Most animals are dichromatic which means they only see blue and yellow. Therefore in the case of the red leaves or the green leaves, dichromatic animals do not have the ability to see the red leaves.. This ability of animals to see light and distinguish color is a physiological response of the eye to light. The human eye usually has only three types of color receptors and each one is stimulated by light of ...
GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES OF CRITICALLY ENDANGERED PRIMATES ENDEMIC TO TANA RIVER, KENYA: TANA RIVER RED COLOBUS (PROCOLOBUS RUFOMITRATUS) AND CRESTED MANGABEY (CERCOCEBUS GALERITUS). Mbora, David N. M.; Munene, Elephas // Journal of Parasitology;Oct2006, Vol. 92 Issue 5, p928 The article reports on the fecal egg counts of gastrointestinal parasites of endangered primates endemic to the forest of Tana River, Kenya, to quantify the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites. The crested mangabey are predicted to have higher prevalence of parasites than the Tana River red... ...
Africa Black-and-white Horizontal Tanzania: 2 assigned downloads, like Grants Zebras, Ngoro-ngoro crater, Tanzania / Equus quagga boehmi / side from stock-photos
Hoffmann, Frankfort. (Fred Hoffman or Fred Hoffmann. Black-and-white portrait of Fred Hoffmann (or Hoffman) with the Frankfort Statesmen (Kentucky). Verso: Series No. 6. Old Mill Cigarettes. Base Ball Subjects - Large Assortment. Factory No. 25, 2d Dist. VA.), ...
Join Janine Smith for an in-depth discussion in this video Fixing a faded black-and-white photo, part of Photoshop: Photo Restoration
Hello. I'm Davan Maharaj, the editor of the Los Angeles Times. Here are some story lines you shouldn't miss today. TOP STORIES Not So Black-and-White The mayor is black. So are the school superintendent, the police chief and most of his officers. That casts the violence in Baltimore in a different...
It is impossible to express Indias particular beauty in black-and-white. Black-and-white might be a good medium to convey Europes fear and alienation, but colour is natural for an Indian, and more appropriate for the extraordinary diversity of India. Unlike European art, Indian art did not have the tradition of independent black-and-white sketches and drawing. If any line drawings were made, they were for being filled out in colour. Colour is the fountain of India. Colour is the basis of the entire rasa theory, that governs Indian painting, dance, music, and literature. - Raghubir Singh, 1942- ...
Take this 12-day wildlife viewing tour in Uganda. Visit the Murchison Falls National Park, Kibale National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park and other sites.
Apparently humans arent the only primates that plan outdoor events based on weather. Gray-cheeked mangabey monkeys rely on recent trends in temperature and solar radiation to forage for figs and insect larvae, report Karline Janmaat and her colleagues of the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. The results support a lesser-studied notion that primate cognition evolved to solve problems rooted in ecology--such as foraging--instead of the more favored viewpoint, that cognition evolved as a way to cope within a complex society. The findings, published today in Current Biology, come from field studies conducted for 210 days in the Kibale National Park of Uganda, where Janmaat mapped out the locations of 80 fig trees, noting whether the trees contained ripe fruit, unripe fruit or no fruit at all. Next, her team followed a group of mangabey monkeys from dawn to dusk, recording their position every 10 minutes using global positioning system (GPS) satellite technology, and observing whether the ...
Grand Challenges Explorations is designed to foster the most innovative ideas to save the lives of the worlds poorest people," says Chris Wilson, director of the Gates Foundations Discovery and Translational Sciences team. Paige and Goldbergs project, "Flip-Flops and Holograms for Disrupting Helminth Transmission," was among 81 projects selected for initial Gates Foundation funding from more than 2,700 proposals. The projects address a wide range of issues including using social data for social good, designing the next generation of condom, helping women farmers in the developing world, finding new interventions for neglected diseases and bringing together human and animal health for new solutions.. The science behind holoflops™ draws from Goldbergs decade of quantitative work on how diseases are transferred between wildlife and humans in and around Kibale National Park.. Soil-transmitted helminth infections are among the most common infections in the world. People and animals shed ...
... s mother was a local stray, a regular at my stray feeder. She was very wild; Id never gotten a good look at her except through the window, since she would run if she caught a glimpse of me. However, in late spring of 2002 she started bringing her latest litter of three kittens to the feeder. Two were tabby-and-white, one black-and-white. I called the black-and-white one Fëanor, and the other two Fingolfin and Finarfin.. I tried to coax the kittens into trusting me, with only very limited success. Fëanor was always the wildest of the three, and as he grew up he only visited the feeder occasionally and didnt stay long. Finarfin remained shy until one day he suddenly -- literally overnight -- decided to be friendly. After that he was very sweet, fond of being petted, and he even let me pick him up. He still didnt spend a lot of time in the garage, only visiting for a while in the evenings. His sudden conversion to friendliness and the very sleek look his coat was taking on made me ...
If your assessment was anything like the one done on my offspring quite a few years ago - dont believe it. You know its really hard to get an apology out of someone fifteen years after having labelled a child as borderline mentally retarded when they are in fact of above average intelligence and this is a verbal child. This is how far out of whack the tests are for anyone on the spectrum. By the way, you might like to ask the testers for the confidence limits for these tests. If as is usual its +/- 3 SD then the test results apply to 99.7% of the population - but note not the whole population. Theres 0.3% for whom it is mathematically certain that the tests are invalid. A spectrum child is most likely to be among the 0.3%. Secondly, you might like to ask the testers, in detail, what use they are going to make of the results. They will say that they will use the results to tailor the IEP. Ask them to be very specific. Ill bet anything you like that they wont be able to get beyond a general ...
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Photograph of Black-and-white Border Collie bitch pup, Ice, 9 weeks old, with Black-and-white Guinea pig and rabbit. Rights managed white background Pets image. Warren Photographic WP35748
Specific aromatic compounds having an extended planar π system are useful as spectral sensitizing dye stain reducing agents in photographic processing compositions and methods for providing color or black-and-white images in various photographic silver halide materials. These compounds are devoid of diaminostilbene fragments or fused triazole nuclei. They are particularly useful in fixing and bleaching compositions in the processing of color photographic silver halide materials, but can be used in various other processing compositions.
SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) -- Barnes & Noble Inc. announced a new version of its Nook e-reader on Tuesday afternoon. On the companys web site, Barnes BKS, +2.17% said the new Nook Color will be available on Nov. 19 for $249. The new device offers a color, 7-inch touch-screen compared to the black-and-white E-Ink screen in the previous version. The device also offers web-surfing and music playback, according to the web site. The Nook competes with the Kindle from Amazon.com AMZN, +0.99% in the fast-growing market for e-books. ...
If nanoscience were television, wed be in the 1950s. Although scientists can make and manipulate nanoscale objects with increasingly awesome control, they are limited to black-and-white imagery for examining those objects. Information about nanoscale chemistry and interactions with light -- the atomic-microscopy equivalent to color -- is tantalizingly out of reach to all but the most persistent researchers. | this curious life
By Julie Makinen, Los Angeles Times BEIJING - Among panda-lovers, it doesnt take much to set off pandemonium. Tuesday was a banner day for admirers of the rare black-and-white mammals as a zoo in southern China announced that one of its charges had given birth to a set of triplets - which the facility billed […] ...
I was caught red handed, though I still contend the light was more yellow than red-so lets call it "orange" handed. I also contend that if the jacktard driver in front of me making a left turn had just sped up instead of hitting her brakes, I wouldnt have had to scratch out a-cough, cough-$500 check out to the County of Riverside. Sentiments to this effect are evident in the grainy black-and-white photo that accompanied my traffic ticket in the mail, where I can be seen mouthing the first syllable of a word that clearly starts with the letter "F.". I now accept full responsibility for my actions, even if immediately afterward I may have spent a few hours Googling "how to beat a camera ticket." (Apparently the big ticket-beating "secret" is to keep throwing away court notices until somebody dressed in body armor uses a battering ram to gain entrance through your front door. Then a German Shepherd attacks your larynx as you attempt to hide in the backyard underneath your familys upside-down ...
INVERT is an avoidance and manipulation game where the player controls a spirit passing between worlds and must invert the black-and-white colour scheme in order to change paths and stay alive as long as possible in this endless runner.. ...
This book is a good one to consult when one needs a reminder that not all trees look the same. Cole draws upon the Victorian tradition of close observation of nature, and he analyzes trees at the level of roots, branches, stems, blossoms, leaves, and foliage masses. The book transcends the limits of a botanical treatise by exploring artistic issues, such as the grouping of masses and the simplification of contours. The text is profusely illustrated with black-and-white explanatory drawings, as well as compositions by early masters. ...
J. and I just happened to be in town that afternoon, so we wandered in to one of the branches to check out the merchandise. One of our neighbors, who is a volunteer for the shelter, was helping out with the event and we chatted with her as we scoped out the pets on display. There was a long-haired bunny, two mostly black kittens, and two adult male cats: One, a large 2-year-old (black!) and a black-and-white one-year-old. There was also a small-to-medium sized dog, with very short red hair. She was in the process of being adopted, and was wanting to meet everyone before she left to go home with her new owner. As I crouched down to visit with the chubby black guy (thinking how he needed to be on a homemade diet), this young dog crawled right into my lap. Now, Im not a dog person, but if ever I was considering getting a dog, she would have been the one ...
General Information. The following filter types are available in a wide range of grades useful in both color and black-and-white imaging. They have no recommended filter factors, but may require exposure compensation based on several things. Filters that lower contrast or create flare, where contrast and/or light intensity is higher, will do more for any given grade. Working with light, the more they have, the more they can do. The same filter, in two different lighting conditions, may produce two different effects. With diffusion, or image softening filters, higher contrast scenes appear sharper, needing more diffusion, than scenes of lower contrast. Diffusion requirements will also vary with other conditions. Smaller film formats will allow less diffusion, as will large-screen projection. Color may allow less diffusion than black and white. Producing for television may require a greater degree of diffusion to survive the transition. These relationships should cause you to choose exposure and ...
For once though, he didnt settle down in bed with a Jack Higgins or Robert Ludlum; he settled down with three glossy black-and-white photographs. He looked at them again, hard, letting his mind wander. There were so many injustices in the world that just putting a tiny proportion of them right seemed beyond the combined powers of all the human agencies set up to serve the cause of good. There were so many instances in his own personal experience. More than once, hed dragged the bloated, rot-riddled corpses of OD victims out from foul, flooded storm-drains, knowing full well that nobody would ever be blamed let alone prosecuted. One freezing winter, hed broken into an old ladys home to find the occupant on the kitchen floor, encased in ice; it was anyones guess how long shed been there - only her failure to return library books had finally aroused interest. Then thered been the turf war where several teen hoodlums had hauled a rival gangbanger up to the top floor of an eight-storey block, ...
For once though, he didnt settle down in bed with a Jack Higgins or Robert Ludlum; he settled down with three glossy black-and-white photographs. He looked at them again, hard, letting his mind wander. There were so many injustices in the world that just putting a tiny proportion of them right seemed beyond the combined powers of all the human agencies set up to serve the cause of good. There were so many instances in his own personal experience. More than once, hed dragged the bloated, rot-riddled corpses of OD victims out from foul, flooded storm-drains, knowing full well that nobody would ever be blamed let alone prosecuted. One freezing winter, hed broken into an old ladys home to find the occupant on the kitchen floor, encased in ice; it was anyones guess how long shed been there - only her failure to return library books had finally aroused interest. Then thered been the turf war where several teen hoodlums had hauled a rival gangbanger up to the top floor of an eight-storey block, ...
The Wendella water taxis are painted yellow with black-and-white trim in 2007. The water taxi season for downtown commuters was delayed a bit in 2007 because of ongoing work at the Madison Street dock near the commuter rail stations.
The TH-65 PX 600 E also displays DVDs highly competently. With the correct settings (see below) the plasma conjures up a homogenous and atmospheric picture on the screen, even with a modest Scart signal. The signal processing does not, however, manage to tease all possible details from the analog signal inputs, but then avoids signal over-processing to compensate, so the image still looks natural.. Significantly more detail is displayed on the TH-65 PX 600 E with digital playback via HDMI. Because the built in video processing of the Panasonic often shows unpleasant jagged edges when displaying interlaced content, a DVD player with a good de-interlacer, such as the Denon 3930, for example, can make for an even cleaner result.. The colors are deeply convincing - both black-and-white recordings and wildly colorful pictures like those in "Monsters Inc." are faithfully reproduced. The very slight green cast is only noticeable when comparing the Panasonic to a color-neutral studio monitor. The ...
Photo about Black-and-white illustration (coloring page): the Old Fisherman holds in ones hands the magical Golden Fish - 14555764
Collection: Sidney D. Gamble Photographs. Spatial Coverage: China, Li Xian (Sichuan Sheng, China), Mao Xian (Sichuan Sheng, China). DCMI Type: Still Image. Title: Long Haired Cattle. Series: Sojourn, 1917-1919: China, Hawaii, Japan, Korea, San Francisco. Creator: Gamble, Sidney D. (Sidney David), 1890-1968. Roll Number: 25B. Date: 1917-1919. Type: photographs, black-and-white photographs, documentary photographs. Subject: long, cattle.
Pinito immediately loved America. She had come from a country that was now stuck in the gloom of Francos dictatorship-and although circus was extremely popular in Spain, Francisco Franco was only interested in bullfights and soccer, which didnt make him especially appealing to circus folks. In the New World, Pinito saw her first washing machine, her first pack of Kleenex. As she later remarked, she had left black-and-white Spain for Technicolor America! She had other reasons to be happy: She was immediately put above the center ring, as the focal point of a lavish aerial display. On April 5, 1950, Pinito del Oro made her American debut at Madison Square Garden in an aerial spectacle heralded as "The Indescribably Stunning New Extravaganza in the Air, Seville", which was introducing "Beautiful Pinito Del Oro, Spains Lovely Star of the Swinging Trapeze. First Time in America." On the side rings were aerialists Bobby Dubreuil and Elsie Davis, surrounded by an "Exquisite Ballet of Sixty Alluring ...
Pinito immediately loved America. She had come from a country that was now stuck in the gloom of Francos dictatorship-and although circus was extremely popular in Spain, Francisco Franco was only interested in bullfights and soccer, which didnt make him especially appealing to circus folks. In the New World, Pinito saw her first washing machine, her first pack of Kleenex. As she later remarked, she had left black-and-white Spain for Technicolor America! She had other reasons to be happy: She was immediately put above the center ring, as the focal point of a lavish aerial display. On April 5, 1950, Pinito del Oro made her American debut at Madison Square Garden in an aerial spectacle heralded as "The Indescribably Stunning New Extravaganza in the Air, Seville", which was introducing "Beautiful Pinito Del Oro, Spains Lovely Star of the Swinging Trapeze. First Time in America." On the side rings were aerialists Bobby Dubreuil and Elsie Davis, surrounded by an "Exquisite Ballet of Sixty Alluring ...
A portrait of a typical chess player as drawn by a layman would depict a man with his head in the clouds and utterly absorbed with the developments in his black-and-white world.
gray definition: Of or concerning an achromatic color of any lightness between your extremes of black-and-white.; Dull or dark: a gray, rainy mid-day.; with a lack of cheer; depressing: a gray feeling.;…
But some consumers are spending thousands of dollars on LCD or plasma TVs and hooking them up to $50 antennas that dont look much different from what grandpa had on top of his black-and-white picture tube.. Theyre not doing it for the nostalgia.. Local TV channels, broadcast in HD over-the-air, offer superior picture quality over the often-compressed signals sent by cable and satellite TV companies.. And the best part? Over-the-air HD is free.. "Eighty-year-old technology is being redesigned and rejiggered to deliver the best picture quality," said Richard Schneider, president of Antennas Direct. "Its an interesting irony.". A few years ago, Schneider started an assembly line in his garage and sold antennas out of the trunk of his car. Now his Eureka, Mo.-based company has seven employees and did $1.4 million in sales last year. He expects revenue to double in 2007.. "People thought I was nuts. They were laughing at me when I told them I was starting an antenna company," Schneider ...
A waitress silently prepares for work. Her black-and-white uniform in place, she counts her teeth. No. 31 is AWOL, but she finds it somewhere behind her neck,...
Mom-to-be Joanna Krupa is so excited to meet her baby girl. Shes been documenting her bodys changing shape throughout her pregnancy with a series of stunning black-and-white photo shoots, so weve seen how her baby bump has grown, but now that The Real Housewives of Miami model is in her third trimester, shes reflecting on body positivity and what shes learned about self-acceptance through this process.. Joanna just shared how much weight shes gained in pregnancy, and the reason shes looking back on old photos from before she was pregnant in a whole new light. "Being 8 months pregnant (35 weeks) and 30 pounds (13.6 kilo) heavier makes me appreciate the body I had before my pregnancy. I realized how hard we can be on ourselves," Joanna wrote on Instagram alongside a pre-pregnancy photo of herself with ripped abs in a bikini. ...
Old firewalls take a more black-and-white approach by either allowing or denying a Web site, but application layer firewalls allow IT to look into sites like Facebook and prevent Facebook from being able to interact with end user desktops, he said. IT can then let users access Facebook, for example, but not allow them to use the instant messaging features, he said.
This weekend, we will be holding another twenty-four-hour screening of Christian Marclays The Clock. This video collage, which pieces together thousands of film and television clips, has redefined how we look at time. In The Clock, common themes surround each hour of the day. Whether in an old black-and-white film or in a French neo-noir, breakfast…
This weekend, we will be holding another twenty-four-hour screening of Christian Marclays The Clock. This video collage, which pieces together thousands of film and television clips, has redefined how we look at time. In The Clock, common themes surround each hour of the day. Whether in an old black-and-white film or in a French neo-noir, breakfast…
Hemp for Victory is a black-and-white film produced in 1942 by the USDA outlining a plan to distribute 400,000 lbs. of cannabis seeds to American farmers with the goal of producing 350,000 acres of cannabis by 1943 -- all for the war effort. The USDA even went as far as to urge 4-H clubs to grow at least half an acre, but preferably 2 acres of cannabis. All American farmers were required to see the film, sign a paper saying that they had viewed the film, and read a booklet on the matter. Farmers who agreed were waived from serving in the military, and all their family members were also exempt. They received farm equipment at a discounted price, and sometimes for free. However, before and after the war -- the same plant was considered "demon weed" and the killer of the same kids that were pressed into service to grow it during the war. Furthermore, the USDA and Library of Congress denied the creation or existence of such a film until 2 copies were found and sent in to the Library of Congress. ...
The black-and-white photos of Michael Jackson are remarkable not only as previously unreleased images of one of the last half-centurys most photographed men. They also reveal much about the pop
What is the true economics of emotions in business and your brand? Heres how to go from black-and-white to full spectrum in your marketing.
My fathers first job after being expelled from college was managing a Golds Gym in Minneapolis. Later, whenever we visited him on Palm Beach or in Scottsdale, he would pull out photocopies hed kept of the gyms workout sheets and create a workout for each of us-me, my older brother, Darren, and my little brother, Pat. Then wed "hit the gym, boys." As long as he was alive, even after hed told me he feared he was losing his mind, he would join gyms and work himself into shape. For his fiftieth birthday, he set up a photo shoot for himself, putting on a Speedo and striking various embarrassing young-Schwarzenegger poses for a series of sharply etched black-and-white pictures. (Arnold Schwarzenegger was a great hero of my fathers, along with many other bodybuilders whose names I no longer remember despite the muscle-magazine subscriptions he bought me from the time I was six or seven until I was in my teens and had the courage to ask him to stop.) The photos emphasized his pectorals, his ...
Unrestrained technology applied to animals, fueled by the desire for increased profit, exacts a price on human values, the environment, the health of consumers and the welfare of small farmers that we can no longer afford to pay. Mason and Singer address these problems and offer solutions in Animal Factories Update. Black-and-white photographs.
Unrestrained technology applied to animals, fueled by the desire for increased profit, exacts a price on human values, the environment, the health of consumers and the welfare of small farmers that we can no longer afford to pay. Mason and Singer address these problems and offer solutions in Animal Factories Update. Black-and-white photographs.
Despite the premature end of her first chemotherapy cycle, Sadie remained remarkably stable. Between no etoposide and lots of dexamethasone, she was feeling great. We wondered if wed heard the doctors correctly on August 27th. Sadie didnt look like someone with only weeks to live.. Sadies second chemotherapy cycle should have started on September 18, but her bloodwork wasnt good enough. She did have an MRI that day, a month ahead of schedule. The MRI confirmed her prognosis: the tumor had grown dramatically since Sadies last MRI. What cisplatinum and etoposide shed gotten were having no effect. On September 22, the doctors recommended we stop treatment and enjoy the time Sadie had left. Sadie and we concurred.. We went home. Wed cried on August 27th, but today we were just numb. Her prognosis wasnt new, and despite the hard evidence in black-and-white MRI images, it still seemed unreal. I remember feeling mostly relieved that Sadie wouldnt be so miserably sick now that chemotherapy was ...
My friend Mitch Bard has created a black-and-white, open-and-shut set of false dichotomies between Hamas and Israel in his post today (see below). The real
Its good to see Lloyd Cole on a stage. Like Green Gartside of Scritti Politti and Paddy McAloon of Prefab Sprout, he evokes that time in the Eighties when it seemed as if every band was fronted by a wry, literate songwriter, effortlessly combining killer melodies with references to black-and-white films and French philosophers. Buxton-born Cole is 52 now, no longer the brooding bedsit youth who found fame with the Commotions. Robert Crampton of this newspaper recently said that Cole "used to look like Pierce Brosnan, now looks like Mike Gatting", although he looked much younger than most of his reverent, greying punters. So, it was nice to have Cole over from his adopted home in Massachusetts. It would have been even nicer if hed…. ...
As soon as the grainy black-and-white image of the baby came on the screen, I knew. Our babys lifeless body was scrunched up and motionless - unlike Teddy and Simon who were always playfully moving each time we got a glimpse of them in the womb. Amy cried out in agony from the doctors table. Pain was unleashed from the deep. Teddy was with us in the ultrasound room, and he looked at me with a concerned but sweet and playful look. His confused eye contact with me was something like I hadnt seen out of him before. He was somehow giving me peace as he stared at me and said, "Mommy sad." With wet faces and broken hearts we left the doctors office through the back door and decided to take the stairs. I picked up Teddy and said, "Id carry you both if I could ...
We all know that custody battles can be pretty brutal, and the case of a Scottish cat and two neighbors is no exception. When Nicola Dempsters black-and-white cat, Smudge, went missing early this spring, she looked all over for him and even notified Cats Protection in hopes of finding her beloved pet. A short time …. ...
As I wrote on the blog: "A big part of the motivation for my blog came from writing a book called Molecular Modeling Basics that was published in May, 2010 by CRC Press. While writing the applications sections it was frustrating to turn the beautifully colored figures into black-and-white versions in order to keep the cost of the book reasonable. But it was also apparent that even colored figures in a book would be a somewhat poor substitute for the interactive versions they are based on. Especially, when turning them around to find just the right orientation for the figure. Wouldnt it be much better to have the reader decide for him/herself ...
Black-and-white nitrate negatives (8 in. x 10 in.) related to Pullman railroad car manufacturing in Chicago and the Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company. Images include exterior and interior views of the Pullman-Standard Company manufacturing buildings and residences, as well as portraits of workers. Images are arranged by ICHi number; the original photograph number assigned by the company (number beginning with "P") is also listed for reference. ...
Yellow fog ( dichroic fog) is caused by special conditions of emulsion making and processing [R-1, p. 126ff.] that favor physical development; it was a special problem of earlier black-and-white...
Its one day after all the excitement at the Heywood Cricket Club -- a hard act to follow, no doubt. The team has completed its morning training session under the tutelage of our guest coach and tour coordinator, Jack Edwards. Were back on the bus and driving northwest toward the Lake District. Beautiful English scenery passes our windows on yet another day of blue sky, sunshine, and cool breezes. I notice a turreted house on a hillside in the distance, and everywhere are massive black-and-white dairy cows munching on the green grass. Some surprisingly high and rugged mountains appear on the horizon as we near Ulverston, our first destination of this day trip. We drive past a stunning 11th-century Saxon castle ...
Short In this black-and-white photograph, a shirtless young man with a small tattoo in the center of his chest is reflected in the left panel of a three-paneled mirror that fills the frame. His arms are raised above his head as he brushes his hair, looking at himself sideways ...
I love these rarely seen black and white photographs taken by Paul Child in France between 1948 and 1954. The recent exhibit features 60 rarely seen black-and-white photographs taken between 1948 and 1954 along with notebooks, logs, letters and a Rolleiflex camera that Paul Child liked to use because it allowed him to look down…
Rosas outdoor tables sit by lily-pad ponds on the black-and-white stone mosaic of Lincoln Roads trendiest block - right at the base of the Herzo...
Why do zebras have stripes? One study suggests that the animals distinctive vertical black-and-white pattern may have evolved to confuse biting insects.
CO-Sen: Both Jane Norton and Ken Buck found something else to do when Michael Steele showed up in town yesterday, eager to take his off the hook, technically avant-garde message to Colorados urban-suburban hip-hop settings. Seems like Steele has a bad case of the cooties in the wake of his Afghanistan comments. Buck instead went to hang with the decidedly non-hip-hop Tom Tancredo at a rally yesterday instead, where Tancredo called Barack Obama the "greatest threat to the United States today." Buck subsequently had to distance himself from Tancredos comments via conference call… Im wondering if Buck would have rather appeared with Michael Steele after all.. • NV-Sen: Sharron Angle rolled out her campaigns first ad; perhaps wisely, she isnt in it at all, other than a voiceover doing the required disclaimer at the end. Instead, its just a narration-free black-and-white montage of the economic woe that, of course, Harry Reid caused. Which completely contradicts her own message that shes ...