A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE, that inhabits the forests of Africa and Asia. The genera COLOBUS (Procolobus; colobus), Nasalis (proboscis monkey), Presbytis (Semnopithecus; leaf monkey), Pygathrix (Rhinopithecus; snub-nosed monkey), and Simias (pig-tailed langur) all belong to this subfamily.
The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.

Loss of oestrus, concealed ovulation and paternity confusion in free-ranging Hanuman langurs. (1/30)

Ovarian cycles in catarrhine primates are uniquely characterized by prolonged periods of sexual activity in which the timings of ovulation and copulation do not necessarily correspond. According to current hypotheses of primate social evolution, extended sexuality in multi-male groups might represent part of a female strategy to confuse paternity in order to reduce the risk of infanticide by males. We test this hypothesis by examining mating behaviour in relation to timing of ovulation and paternity outcome in a multi-male group of free-living Hanuman langurs. Using faecal progestogen measurements, we first document that female langurs have extended receptive periods in which the timing of ovulation is highly variable. Next, we demonstrate the capacity for paternity confusion by showing that ovulation is concealed from males and that copulations progressively decline throughout the receptive phase. Finally, we demonstrate multiple paternity, and show that despite a high degree of monopolization of receptive females by the dominant male, non-dominant males father a substantial proportion of offspring. We believe that this is the first direct evidence that extended periods of sexual activity in catarrhine primates may have evolved as a female strategy to confuse paternity.  (+info)

Parallel functional changes in the digestive RNases of ruminants and colobines by divergent amino acid substitutions. (2/30)

A morphological or physiological trait may appear multiple times in evolution. At the molecular level, similar protein functions may emerge independently in different lineages. Whether these parallel functional changes are due to parallel amino acid substitutions has been a subject of debate. Here, I address this question using digestive ribonucleases (RNases) of two groups of foregut-fermenting mammals: ruminant artiodactyls and colobine monkeys. The RNase1 gene was duplicated twice in ancestral ruminants at least 40 MYA, and it was also duplicated in the douc langur, an Asian colobine, approximately 4 MYA. After duplication, similar functional changes occurred in the ruminant and monkey enzymes. Interestingly, five amino acid substitutions in ruminant RNases that are known to affect its catalytic activity against double-stranded (ds) RNA did not occur in the monkey enzyme. Rather, a similar functional change in the monkey was caused by a different set of nine substitutions. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to make three of the five ruminant-specific substitutions in the monkey enzyme. Functional assays of these mutants showed that one of the three substitutions has a similar effect in monkeys, the second has a stronger effect, and the third has an opposite effect. These results suggest that (1) an evolutionary problem can have multiple solutions, (2) the same amino acid substitution may have opposite functional effects in homologous proteins, (3) the stochastic processes of mutation and drift play an important role even at functionally important sites, and (4) protein sequences may diverge even when their functions converge.  (+info)

Duplication and divergence of 2 distinct pancreatic ribonuclease genes in leaf-eating African and Asian colobine monkeys. (3/30)

Unique among primates, the colobine monkeys have adapted to a predominantly leaf-eating diet by evolving a foregut that utilizes bacterial fermentation to breakdown and absorb nutrients from such a food source. It has been hypothesized that pancreatic ribonuclease (pRNase) has been recruited to perform a role as a digestive enzyme in foregut fermenters, such as artiodactyl ruminants and the colobines. We present molecular analyses of 23 pRNase gene sequences generated from 8 primate taxa, including 2 African and 2 Asian colobine species. The pRNase gene is single copy in all noncolobine primate species assayed but has duplicated more than once in both the African and Asian colobine monkeys. Phylogenetic reconstructions show that the pRNase-coding and noncoding regions are under different evolutionary constraints, with high levels of concerted evolution among gene duplicates occurring predominantly in the noncoding regions. Our data suggest that 2 functionally distinct pRNases have been selected for in the colobine monkeys, with one group adapting to the role of a digestive enzyme by evolving at an increased rate with loss of positive charge, namely arginine residues. Conclusions relating our data to general hypotheses of evolution following gene duplication are discussed.  (+info)

Rapid evolution of an X-linked microRNA cluster in primates. (4/30)

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a growing class of small RNAs (about 22 nt) that play crucial regulatory roles in the genome by targeting mRNAs for cleavage or translational repression. Most of the identified miRNAs are highly conserved among species, indicating strong functional constraint on miRNA evolution. However, nonconserved miRNAs may contribute to functional novelties during evolution. Recently, an X-linked miRNA cluster was reported with multiple copies in primates but not in rodents or dog. Here we sequenced and compared this miRNA cluster in major primate lineages including human, great ape, lesser ape, Old World monkey, and New World monkey. Our data indicate rapid evolution of this cluster in primates including frequent tandem duplications and nucleotide substitutions. In addition, lineage-specific substitutions were observed in human and chimpanzee, leading to the emergence of potential novel mature miRNAs. The expression analysis in rhesus monkeys revealed a strong correlation between miRNA expression changes and male sexual maturation, suggesting regulatory roles of this miRNA cluster in testis development and spermatogenesis. We propose that, like protein-coding genes, miRNA genes involved in male reproduction are subject to rapid adaptive changes that may contribute to functional novelties during evolution.  (+info)

Phylogenetic position of the langur genera Semnopithecus and Trachypithecus among Asian colobines, and genus affiliations of their species groups. (5/30)

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Presence of the maxillary sinus in fossil Colobinae (Cercopithecoides williamsi) from South Africa. (6/30)

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Primate numts and reticulate evolution of capped and golden leaf monkeys (Primates: Colobinae). (7/30)

A recent phylogenetic study of langurs and leaf monkeys of South Asia suggested a reticulate evolution of capped and golden leaf monkeys through ancient hybridization between Semnopithecus and Trachypithecus .To test this hybridization scenario, I analysed nuclear copies of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene (numts) from capped,golden and Phayre's leaf monkeys. These numts were aligned with mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences of various species belonging to the genera Semnopithecus and Trachypithecus .In the phylogenetic tree derived from this alignment,the numts fell into three distinct clades (A,B and C) suggesting three independent integration events.Clade A was basal to Semnopithecus, and clades B and C were basal to Trachypithecus. Among the numts in clades A and C were sequences derived from species not represented in their respective sister mitochondrial groups.This unusual placement of certain numts is taken as additional support for the hybridization scenario. Based on the molecular dating of these integration events,hybridization is estimated to have occurred around 7.1 to 3.4 million years ago.Capped and golden leaf monkeys might have to be assigned to a new genus to reconcile their unique evolutionary history. Additionally, northeast India appears to be a 'hot spot' for lineages that might have evolved through reticulate evolution.  (+info)

Adaptive evolution of digestive RNASE1 genes in leaf-eating monkeys revisited: new insights from ten additional colobines. (8/30)

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Colobinae is a subfamily of Old World monkeys that includes species such as colobus monkeys, langurs, and proboscis monkeys. These monkeys are characterized by their specialized stomachs for fermenting plant material, particularly leaves, and a lack of thumbs to assist in grasping branches. They are primarily found in Africa and Asia.

Cercopithecidae is a family of Old World primates, which includes monkeys such as baboons, macaques, and langurs. These primates are characterized by their adaptations for arboreal or terrestrial living, and they have complex social structures. The family Cercopithecidae is divided into two subfamilies: Cercopithecinae (guenons, macaques, and langurs) and Colobinae (leaf monkeys and colobus monkeys). These primates are found in Africa and Asia, and they play important ecological roles in their environments.

Wikispecies has information related to Colobinae. Groves, C. P. (2005). "SUBFAMILY Colobinae". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M ( ... The Colobinae or leaf-eating monkeys are a subfamily of the Old World monkey family that includes 61 species in 11 genera, ... Colobinae is split into two tribes: Colobini, found in Africa, and Presbytini, found in Asia. Based on fossil records, the ... Family Cercopithecidae Subfamily Cercopithecinae Subfamily Colobinae Tribe Colobini Genus Colobus - black-and-white colobus ...
Part III: family Cercopithecidae, subfamily Colobinae. London: British Museum (Natural History). Roos, C.; et al. (2008). " ...
Family Cercopithecidae Subfamily Cercopithecinae Subfamily Colobinae Tribe Colobini Tribe Presbytini Langur (leaf monkey) group ... Colobinae, Mammal tribes, Taxa described in 1825, Taxa named by John Edward Gray, All stub articles, Old World monkey stubs). ... "Summary of phylogeny in subfamily Colobinae (Primate: Cercopithecidae)". Chinese Science Bulletin. 58 (18): 2097-2103. Bibcode: ...
Rawson, Benjamin M.; Bach, Luu Tuong (September 2011). "Preliminary observations of geophagy amongst Cambodia's Colobinae" (PDF ... as seen among Cambodian's Colobinae. The study was done at the salt licks in Veun Sai-Siem Pang Conservation Area, a site that ...
Groves, C.P. (2007). "The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa". Journal of Anthropological Sciences. 85: 7-34. IUCN ...
Family Cercopithecidae Subfamily Cercopithecinae Subfamily Colobinae Tribe Colobini Genus Colobus - black-and-white colobus ... Colobinae, Mammal tribes, Taxa named by Thomas C. Jerdon, Taxa described in 1867, All stub articles, Old World monkey stubs). ... "Summary of phylogeny in subfamily Colobinae (Primate: Cercopithecidae)". Chinese Science Bulletin. 58 (18): 2097-2103. Bibcode: ...
Groves, Colin (2007). "The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa" (PDF). Journal of Anthropological Sciences. 85: 16. ...
ISBN 978-1-934151-34-1. Groves, C. (2007). "The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa" (PDF). Journal of ...
Colobinae) based on cytochrome b and 12S rRNA genes". Genetics and Molecular Research. 10 (1): 368-381. doi:10.4238/vol10- ...
The mantled guereza is in the Colobinae subfamily, also known as the leaf-eating monkeys, a group of Old World monkeys from ... ISBN 978-0-12-260341-9. Groves, C. (2007). "The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa" (PDF). Journal of ... Subfamily Colobinae. London: British Museum (Natural History). Davies & Oates 1994. Hayes, V. J.; Freedman, L.; Oxnard, C. E. ( ... it is recognised in his 2007 Colobinae review paper, and by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) assessors ...
Groves, C. P. (2007). "The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa" (PDF). Journal of Anthropological Sciences. 85: 7−34 ...
ISBN 978-1-934151-34-1. Groves, C. (2007). "The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa" (PDF). Journal of ...
Colin Groves (2007). "The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa" (PDF). Journal of Anthropological Sciences. 85: 24. ...
... shows similarities to the extant subfamilies Colobinae and Cercopithecinae. However, Victoriapithecus predates ...
Langurs are a subgroup of the Colobinae family of monkeys. Langur may also refer to: Langur, a populated place in Iran, ...
It is the only monkey in the subfamily Colobinae to have a relatively short tail; the tail is only slightly furred and is only ... As with all other Colobinae primates, this species is diurnal. This primate is endemic to the Mentawai Islands, there are two ... Sexual swelling is exhibited by this species which is rare for single male multi female groups of Colobinae monkeys. Many ... Colobinae, Endemic fauna of Indonesia, Fauna of Sumatra, Mammals of Indonesia, Primates of Southeast Asia, Critically ...
They are part of the subfamily Colobinae of the family Cercopithecidae. Doucs have a distinct appearance. The red-shanked douc ...
Digestion of selected foods by Yunnan snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus bieti (Colobinae). American Journal of Physical ...
The Proboscis monkey belongs to the subfamily Colobinae of the Old World monkeys. The two subspecies are: N. l. larvatus (Wurmb ... Colobinae, Endemic fauna of Borneo, Mammals of Borneo, Primates of Southeast Asia, Mammals of Brunei, Mammals of Indonesia, ...
Family cercopithecidae, subfamily colobinae", International Journal of Primatology 7 (1986), pp. 519-520. Bernard Wood at The ... "The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa", Journal of Anthropological Sciences 85 (2007), pp. 7-34. Groves, Colins, ...
... is a leaf monkey within the family Cercopithecidae and subfamily Colobinae. It was formerly considered a ...
Colobinae: Rhinopithecus)". In Jablonski, Nina G. (ed.). The Natural History of the Doucs and Snub-nosed Monkeys. Recent ... Colobinae) in Guizhou, China". Biological Conservation. 142 (3): 469-476. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.11.019. ISSN 0006-3207. ...
Other primates include the eastern chimpanzee, and several Cercopithecinae, Colobinae and owl-faced monkey. Some of the mammals ...
The Annamese langur (Trachypithecus margarita) is an Old World monkey from the Colobinae subfamily. It was formerly considered ...
Brandon-Jones, D. (2004). "A taxonomic revision of the langurs and leaf monkeys (Primates: Colobinae) of South Asia". Zoos' ...
The West Javan langur (Trachypithecus mauritius) is an Old World monkey from the Colobinae subfamily. It was formerly ...
It is one of the least studied of the species belonging to the Colobinae subfamily. The species is distributed from ...
ISBN 1-56098-872-X. Brandon-Jones, D. (2004). "A taxonomic revision of the langurs and leaf monkeys (Primates: Colobinae) of ... Colobinae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 46 (2): 683-694. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.11.026. PMID 18191589. ...
2008). "Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of langurs and leaf monkeys of South Asia (Primates: Colobinae)" (PDF). Molecular ...
The golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) is an Old World monkey in the subfamily Colobinae. It is endemic to a ...
Wikispecies has information related to Colobinae. Groves, C. P. (2005). "SUBFAMILY Colobinae". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M ( ... The Colobinae or leaf-eating monkeys are a subfamily of the Old World monkey family that includes 61 species in 11 genera, ... Colobinae is split into two tribes: Colobini, found in Africa, and Presbytini, found in Asia. Based on fossil records, the ... Family Cercopithecidae Subfamily Cercopithecinae Subfamily Colobinae Tribe Colobini Genus Colobus - black-and-white colobus ...
The Colobinae are a subfamily of Old World monkeys.[1] The family includes 61 species in 11 genera, including the Colobus ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colobinae&oldid=6182219" ...
Colobinae, also called Leaf Monkey, is a subfamily of the Old World monkey family that includes 59 species in 10 genera, ... Langurs, Colobinae.... Langur taken in Pench National Park, India. Photo: Siddhi , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Langur.jpg ...
Cercopithecidae Colobinae spp.(0). Cercopithecidae Presbytesinae spp.(0). Cercopithecidae Cercopithecidae spp.(0). Hylobatidae ... Cercopithecidae Colobinae spp.(0). Cercopithecidae Presbytesinae spp.(0). Cercopithecidae Cercopithecidae spp.(0). Hylobatidae ...
Cercopithecidae Colobinae spp.(0). Cercopithecidae Presbytesinae spp.(0). Cercopithecidae Cercopithecidae spp.(0). Hylobatidae ...
Colobinae. जातकुळी: Semnopithecus. वानर (इंग्लिश: Gray langur or Hanuman langur, ग्रे लंगुर किव्हा हनुमान लंगुर) हा एक सस्तन ...
... whereas the PARV4-positive Colobus and Piliocolobus species described herein belong to the Colobinae branch of family ...
Colobinae volveyyasa ) ke PRIMATES veem ( HAPLORRHINI volveyveem, SIMIIFORMES tolvolveyveem ). Gan Blyth bak 1847 taneon zo ...
Colobinae). During my master, I researched social vigilance in gorillas at Apenheul Primate Park (supervised by prof. Liesbeth ...
Colobinae volveyyasa ) ke PRIMATES veem ( HAPLORRHINI volveyveem, SIMIIFORMES tolvolveyveem ). Gan Lyon bak 1911 taneon zo ...
Colobinae indet.. ?. ?. Makro. Cervus perrieri - Ardenoceros ardei. ?. ?. Makro. Cervidae indet.. ?. ?. Makro. Rhinocerotidae ...
N2 - Although there is a vast literature on laterality of hand-use in nonhuman primates, the Colobinae have been notably ... AB - Although there is a vast literature on laterality of hand-use in nonhuman primates, the Colobinae have been notably ... Although there is a vast literature on laterality of hand-use in nonhuman primates, the Colobinae have been notably overlooked ... abstract = "Although there is a vast literature on laterality of hand-use in nonhuman primates, the Colobinae have been notably ...
Anemia dominated either wisest accretionary worth the rodentia; unsecluded teashops write terminate anyone colobinae. ...
Colobinae; Microbioma Gastrointestinal; Presbytini; Animais; Humanos; Colobinae/microbiologia; Ecossistema; Bactérias captivity ... Colobinae / Microbioma Gastrointestinal / Presbytini Tipo de estudo: Estudo prognóstico Limite: Animais / Humanos Idioma: ... Colobinae / Microbioma Gastrointestinal / Presbytini Tipo de estudo: Estudo prognóstico Limite: Animais / Humanos Idioma: ...
Langur or Colobinae are medium sized primates species with very long tail and live a more terrestrial and arboreal life. ... Langurs are monkeys belonging to the subfamily Colobinae. They are Old World monkeys with an extremely large family of primates ...
Le colobus fait parti de la sous famille des Colobinae. Regardez les photos de ce superbe animal. ...
Conservation of Africas colobine monkeys (Cercopithecidae, Colobinae) with taxonomic and biogeographic considerations April 3 ... Conservation of Africas colobine monkeys (Cercopithecidae, Colobinae) with taxonomic and biogeogr…. Intentional gestural ...
Old world monkeys themselves are divided into two subfamilies: the Cercopithecinae (cheek-pouched monkeys) and the Colobinae ( ...
The Annamese langur is another Old-World monkey in the subfamily Colobinae. Annamese langurs are covered in thick, gray fur. ...
Karger AG, BaselChinese snub-nosed apes (genus Rhinopithecus, subfamily Colobinae) consist of. about three species, Ur. bieti, ...
Old world monkeys comprise 28 Langur species which belong to subfamily Colobinae under family Cercopithecidae. Nilgiri Langurs ...
The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in ...
"Current Status and Conservation of the Gray Snub-Nosed Monkey Rhinopithecus Brelichi (Colobinae) in Guizhou, China." Biological ...
The golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) is an Old-World monkey in the subfamily Colobinae. It is endemic to a ...
Old world monkeys themselves are divided into two subfamilies: the Cercopithecinae (cheek-pouched monkeys) and the Colobinae ( ...
Colobus monkeys belong to the Colobinae subfamily, which includes several species with subtle differences in their physical ...
黔金絲猴。圖/Current status and conservation of the gray snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus brelichi (Colobinae) in Guizhou, China. 五種金絲 ...
Kirkpatrick R C.1996.Ecology and behavior of the Yunnan snub-nosed langur Rhinopithecus bieti(Colobinae).Ph.D thesis.University ...
  • Old world monkeys comprise 28 Langur species which belong to subfamily Colobinae under family Cercopithecidae. (jvas.in)
  • Surili ( Presbytis comata , génus Presbytis , golongan Langur , subfamili Colobinae , famili Cercopithecidae , superfamili Cercopithecoidea . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Colobinae or leaf-eating monkeys are a subfamily of the Old World monkey family that includes 61 species in 11 genera, including the black-and-white colobus, the large-nosed proboscis monkey, and the gray langurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Colobinae are a subfamily of Old World monkeys . (wikipedia.org)
  • Langurs are monkeys belonging to the subfamily Colobinae. (celeberinfo.com)
  • the Cercopithecinae (cheek-pouched monkeys) and the Colobinae (leaf-eating monkeys). (sheppardsoftware.com)
  • The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. (lookformedical.com)
  • Colobus monkeys belong to the Colobinae subfamily, which includes several species with subtle differences in their physical characteristics and behaviors. (overlandtraveltips.com)
  • Although there is a vast literature on laterality of hand-use in nonhuman primates, the Colobinae have been notably overlooked. (princeton.edu)
  • Langur or Colobinae are medium sized primates species with very long tail and live a more terrestrial and arboreal life. (celeberinfo.com)
  • Ingicco Thomas, Balzeau Antoine, Callou Cécile & Fitriana Yuliana Sulistya , October 2011 - A cranial morphometric assessment of the taxonomic affinities of Trachypithecus auratus (E. Geoffroy, 1812 primates: Colobinae) with a reassessment of the T. auratus type specimen. (mnhn.fr)
  • The Annamese langur is another Old-World monkey in the subfamily Colobinae. (bioexplorer.net)
  • Trachypithecus geei Trachypithecus Asiako Colobinae primateetako espezie bat da. (wikipedia.org)
  • The golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana) is an Old-World monkey in the subfamily Colobinae. (artistalleystudio.com)
  • Colobinae is split into two tribes: Colobini, found in Africa, and Presbytini, found in Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Colobinae or leaf-eating monkeys are a subfamily of the Old World monkey family that includes 61 species in 11 genera, including the black-and-white colobus, the large-nosed proboscis monkey, and the gray langurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • With more than 50 species and due to some ecological adaptations, such as a ruminant-like chambered stomach to digest food rich in fiber, the Old World monkey subfamily Colobinae represents a diverse and enigmatic group of primates [ 1 , 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • François' langurs ( Trachypithecus francoisi ) are a fascinating species of lutung monkey belonging to the Colobinae subfamily. (outforia.com)
  • As one of the least studied members of the Colobinae subfamily, François' langurs hold great significance for primate conservationists and researchers alike. (outforia.com)
  • The red-shanked douc langur, along with the gray-shanked and black-shanked douc langur, belongs to the subfamily of Old World leaf-eating monkeys known as Colobinae. (neprimateconservancy.org)
  • Langurs belong to a species of Previous World monkey of the subfamily colobinae discovered all through Southeast Asia and Southern China, in addition to parts of India. (blog-zlio.com)
  • Familia de monos y mandriles del Viejo Mundo constituida por dos subfamilias: CERCOPITHECINAE y COLOBINAE. (bvsalud.org)
  • Colobinae is split into two tribes: Colobini, found in Africa, and Presbytini, found in Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Se encuentran en África y en parte de Asia. (bvsalud.org)