A genus of mitosporic Phyllachoraceae fungi which contains at least 40 species of plant parasites. They have teleomorphs in the genus Glomerella (see PHYLLACHORALES).
Diseases of plants.
A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The tree, Persea americana Mill., is known for the Avocado fruit, the food of commerce.
An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA characterized by stromatic perithecial forms in most species. Notable genera are Magnaporthe and Glomerella, the latter having the anamorph (mitosporic form) COLLETOTRICHUM.
A plant genus of the FABACEAE family known for the seeds used as food.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are coniferous evergreen trees and should not be confused with hemlock plants (CICUTA and CONIUM).
A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
The parts of fungi.
A creeping annual plant species of the CUCURBITACEAE family. It has a rough succulent, trailing stem and hairy leaves with three to five pointed lobes.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. The hot peppers yield CAPSAICIN, which activates VANILLOID RECEPTORS. Several varieties have sweet or pungent edible fruits that are used as vegetables when fresh and spices when the pods are dried.
Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE known for the edible fruit.
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae best known for cucumber (CUCUMIS SATIVUS) and cantaloupe (CUCUMIS MELO). Watermelon is a different genus, CITRULLUS. Bitter melon may refer to MOMORDICA or this genus.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family Oleaceae. The olive fruit is the source of olive oil.
Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.
A group of carbon-oxygen lyases. These enzymes catalyze the breakage of a carbon-oxygen bond in polysaccharides leading to an unsaturated product and the elimination of an alcohol. EC 4.2.2.
The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.
A family of mainly aromatic evergreen plants in the order Laurales. The laurel family includes 2,200 species in 45 genera and from these are derived medicinal extracts, essential oils, camphor and other products.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE known for mucilaginous roots. The common names of hollyhock and mallow are also used for other genera of MALVACEAE.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
An endosymbiont that is either a bacterium or fungus living part of its life in a plant. Endophytes can benefit host plants by preventing pathogenic organisms from colonizing them.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A plant genus of the family Caricaceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is the source of edible fruit and PAPAIN.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
Chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi in agricultural applications, on wood, plastics, or other materials, in swimming pools, etc.
Proteins found in any species of fungus.
A cell wall-degrading enzyme found in microorganisms and higher plants. It catalyzes the random hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-galactosiduronic linkages in pectate and other galacturonans. EC 3.2.1.15.
Nematocide used in livestock; also has fungicidal properties.
A plant genus of the family MORACEAE. Puag-haad extract, from A. lakoocha, contains STILBENES and related 4-substituted RESORCINOLS.
The study of infectious diseases associated with plants.
A plant genus of the family Passifloraceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are vines with ornamental flowers and edible fruit.
A genus of the plant family Liliaceae (sometimes classified as Alliaceae) in the order Liliales. Many produce pungent, often bacteriostatic and physiologically active compounds and are used as VEGETABLES; CONDIMENTS; and medicament, the latter in traditional medicine.
Herbaceous biennial plants and their edible bulbs, belonging to the Liliaceae.
The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Oil from the seed (SAFFLOWER OIL) is an important food oil of commerce.
Created 1 January 1993 as a result of the division of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.

Use of green fluorescent protein to detect expression of an endopolygalacturonase gene of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum during bean infection. (1/238)

The 5' noncoding region of clpg2, an endopolygalacturonase gene of the bean pathogen Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, was fused to the coding sequence of a gene encoding a green fluorescent protein (GFP), and the construct was introduced into the fungal genome. Detection of GFP accumulation by fluorescence microscopy examination revealed that clpg2 was expressed at the early stages of germination of the conidia and during appressorium formation both in vitro and on the host plant.  (+info)

Colletotrichum trifolii mutants disrupted in the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase are nonpathogenic. (2/238)

Colletotrichum trifolii is the fungal pathogen of alfalfa that causes anthracnose disease. For successful plant infection, this fungus must undergo a series of morphological transitions following conidial attachment, including germination and subsequent differentiation, resulting in appressorium formation. Our previous studies with pharmacological effectors of signaling pathways have suggested the involvement of cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase (PKA) during these processes. To more precisely evaluate the role of PKA in C. trifolii morphogenesis, the gene encoding the catalytic (C) subunit of PKA (Ct-PKAC) was isolated, sequenced, and inactivated by gene replacement. Southern blot analysis with C. trifolii genomic DNA suggested that Ct-PKAC is a single-copy gene. Northern (RNA) blot analysis with total RNA from different fungal growth stages indicated that the expression of this gene was developmentally regulated. When Ct-PKAC was insertionally inactivated by gene replacement, the transformants showed a small reduction in growth relative to the wild type and conidiation patterns were altered. Importantly, PKA-deficient strains were unable to infect intact alfalfa (host) plants, though only a slight delay was observed in the timing for conidial germination and appressorial formation in the Ct-PKAC disruption mutants. Moreover, these mutants were able to colonize host tissues following artificial wounding, resulting in typical anthracnose disease lesions. Coupled with microscopy, these data suggest that the defect in pathogenicity is likely due to a failure in penetration. Our results demonstrate that PKA has an important role in regulating the transition between vegetative growth and conidiation, and is essential for pathogenic development in C. trifolii.  (+info)

Processing, targeting, and antifungal activity of stinging nettle agglutinin in transgenic tobacco. (3/238)

The gene encoding the precursor to stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L. ) isolectin I was introduced into tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum). In transgenic plants this precursor was processed to mature-sized lectin. The mature isolectin is deposited intracellularly, most likely in the vacuoles. A gene construct lacking the C-terminal 25 amino acids was also introduced in tobacco to study the role of the C terminus in subcellular trafficking. In tobacco plants that expressed this construct, the mutant precursor was correctly processed and the mature isolectin was targeted to the intercellular space. These results indicate the presence of a C-terminal signal for intracellular retention of stinging nettle lectin and most likely for sorting of the lectin to the vacuoles. In addition, correct processing of this lectin did not depend on vacuolar deposition. Isolectin I purified from tobacco displayed identical biological activities as isolectin I isolated from stinging nettle. In vitro antifungal assays on germinated spores of the fungi Botrytis cinerea, Trichoderma viride, and Colletotrichum lindemuthianum revealed that growth inhibition by stinging nettle isolectin I occurs at a specific phase of fungal growth and is temporal, suggesting that the fungi had an adaptation mechanism.  (+info)

Spore surface glycoproteins of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum are recognized by a monoclonal antibody which inhibits adhesion to polystyrene. (4/238)

Conidia (spores) of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, a fungal plant pathogen causing bean anthracnose, adhere to the aerial parts of host plants to initiate the infection process. These spores possess a fibrillar 'spore coat' as well as a cell wall. In a previous study a mAb, UB20, was raised that recognized glycoproteins on the spore surface. In this study UB20 was used to localize and characterize these glycoproteins and to investigate their possible role in adhesion. Glycoproteins recognized by UB20 were concentrated on the outer surface of the spore coat and, to a lesser extent, at the plasma membrane/cell wall interface. Extraction of spores with hot water or 0.2% SDS resulted in removal of the spore coat. Western blotting with UB20 showed that a relatively small number of glycoproteins were extracted by these procedures, including a major component at 110 kDa. Biotinylation of carbohydrate moieties, together with cell fractionation, confirmed that these glycoproteins were exposed at the surface of the spores. In adhesion assays, > 90% of ungerminated conidia attached to polystyrene Petri dishes within 30 min. UB20 IgG at low concentrations inhibited attachment in an antigen-specific manner. This suggests that the glycoproteins recognized by this mAb may function in the initial rapid attachment of conidia to hydrophobic substrata. Polystyrene microspheres bound selectively to the 110 kDa glycoprotein in Western blots, providing further evidence that this component could mediate interactions with hydrophobic substrata.  (+info)

WF14861, a new cathepsins B and L inhibitor produced by Colletotrichum sp. I. Taxonomy, production, purification and structure elucidation. (5/238)

WF14861, a novel cathepsins B and L inhibitor, was obtained from the culture mycelium of a fungus strain Colletotrichum sp. No. 14861. Spectroscopic analysis showed that WF14861 consisted of trans-epoxysuccinic acid, L-tyrosine and spermidine, WF14861 inhibited cathepsins B and L selectively.  (+info)

WF14861, a new cathepsins B and L inhibitor produced by Colletotrichum sp. II. Biological properties. (6/238)

WF14861, 3-(N-(1-(N-(4-aminobutyl)-N-(3-aminopropyl)carbamoyl)-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl )ethyl)carbamoyl)oxirane-2-carboxylic acid, was obtained from the culture mycelium of Colletotrichum sp. as a novel cathepsins B and L inhibitor. WF14861 also showed inhibitory activities against bone derived crude protease and other cysteine proteases in vitro. The compound ameliorated the tissue damage and the bone destruction models of low-calcium-diet-fed mouse and adjuvant arthritis rat model.  (+info)

Identification of an ancestral resistance gene cluster involved in the coevolution process between Phaseolus vulgaris and its fungal pathogen Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. (7/238)

The recent cloning of plant resistance (R) genes and the sequencing of resistance gene clusters have shed light on the molecular evolution of R genes. However, up to now, no attempt has been made to correlate this molecular evolution with the host-pathogen coevolution process at the population level. Cross-inoculations were carried out between 26 strains of the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and 48 Phaseolus vulgaris plants collected in the three centers of diversity of the host species. A high level of diversity for resistance against the pathogen was revealed. Most of the resistance specificities were overcome in sympatric situations, indicating an adaptation of the pathogen to the local host. In contrast, plants were generally resistant to allopatric strains, suggesting that R genes that were efficient against exotic strains but had been overcome locally were maintained in the plant genome. These results indicated that coevolution processes between the two protagonists led to a differentiation for resistance in the three centers of diversity of the host. To improve our understanding of the molecular evolution of these different specificities, a recombinant inbred (RI) population derived from two representative genotypes of the Andean (JaloEEP558) and Mesoamerican (BAT93) gene pools was used to map anthracnose specificities. A gene cluster comprising both Andean (Co-y; Co-z) and Mesoamerican (Co-9) host resistance specificities was identified, suggesting that this locus existed prior to the separation of the two major gene pools of P. vulgaris. Molecular analysis revealed a high level of complexity at this locus. It harbors 11 restriction fragment length polymorphisms when R gene analog (RGA) clones are used. The relationship between the coevolution process and diversification of resistance specificities at resistance gene clusters is discussed.  (+info)

Heterologous expression and product identification of Colletotrichum lagenarium polyketide synthase encoded by the PKS1 gene involved in melanin biosynthesis. (8/238)

The Colletotrichum lagenarium PKS1 gene was expressed in the heterologous fungal host, Aspergillus oryzae, under the starch-inducible alpha-amylase promoter to identify the direct product of polyketide synthase (PKS) encoded by the PKS1 gene. The main compound produced by an A. oryzae transformant was isolated and characterized to be 1,3,6,8-tetrahydroxynaphthalene (T4HN) as its tetraacetate. Since the PKS1 gene was cloned from C. lagenarium to complement the nonmelanizing albino mutant, T4HN was assumed to be an initial biosynthetic intermediate, and thus the product of the PKS reaction, but had not been isolated from the fungus. The production of T4HN by the PKS1 transformant unambiguously identified the gene to encode a PKS of pentaketide T4HN. In addition, tetraketide orsellinic acid and pentaketide isocoumarin were isolated, the latter being derived from a pentaketide monocyclic carboxylic acid, as by-products of the PKS1 PKS reaction. Production of the pentaketide carboxylic acid provided insights into the mechanism for the PKS1 polyketide synthase reaction to form T4HN.  (+info)

Authors. Andrew K. Gonsalves, Educational Specialist. Stephen A. Ferreira, Extension Plant Pathologist. Department of Plant Pathology, College of Tropical and Agriculture and Human Resources. University of Hawaii at Manoa. PATHOGENS & HOSTS. Over twenty-three Colletotrichum species have been reported to occur in Hawaii (Raabe, et al., 1981). The following is a list of the reported pathogens from this genus (Colletotrichum) and the hosts they infect. The list is organized by the scientific name of the pathogen species (CAPITAL LETTERS), followed by the various susceptible plant hosts. Words in blue indicate what symptom or disease a given pathogen causes on the listed hosts.. COLLETOTRICHUM ARTOCARPI. breadfruit (Artocarpus cummunis). COLLETOTRICHUM CIRCINANS. Smudge:. shallot (Allium ascalonicum). aka akai, lau, green onion (Allium fistulosum). COLLETOTRICHUM ?COCCODES. Anthracnose:. bottle gourd (Lagernaria siceraria). ?COLLETOTRICHUM CRASSIPES. Found on Leaves and Fruit:. passion fruit ...
Bean anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) is an important disease of common beans in Zambia, and in many tropical regions of the world. Epidemics may occur in cool, wet and humid regions of the world where susceptible cultivators are grown. The disease attacks all the above ground parts of the bean plant and, if not controlled, has the potential to cause up to 90% yield loss. The causal agent of (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) is a hyper-variable fungus with a high potential to overcome resistance genes. World over, ten resistance genes from the standard set of Centro International de Agricultural Tropical differential cultivators are being deployed in various combinations in an attempt to manage the pathogen. However, because the pathogen is highly variable it is important to monitor the incidence and severity of the disease as well as genetic variability of the pathogen in the target locality. This provides information on the potential of the pathogen to evolve as well as an indication ...
Colletotrichum acutatum sensu lato, one of the most economically damaging pathogens of strawberry, is the primary causal agent of anthracnose fruit rot (AFR). A key challenge in managing AFR is detecting the pathogen on asymptomatic plants. To meet this need, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed that incorporated two sets of primers: LITSG1 targeted on the ITS region of ribosomal DNA and Ltub2 on the β-tubulin 2 gene. In pure culture assays, Ltub2 was specific for detection of C. acutatum, whereas LITSG1 detected C. acutatum and two additional anthracnose pathogens, C. gloeosporioides and C. fragariae. LITSG1 had 10-fold higher sensitivity (20 pg of mycelial DNA) than Ltub2 (200 pg) in detection of C. acutatum from pure cultures. The LAMP assay was also tested on asymptomatic greenhouse and field plants, and was shown to have strong potential for detection of C. acutatum in planta. Field experiments were conducted at the ISU Horticulture Research Station near Gilbert, IA,
The fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. aeschynomene produces high levels of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in axenic cultures and during plant infection. We generated a suppression subtractive hybridization library enriched for IAA-induced genes and identified a clone, which was highly expressed in IAA-containing medium. The corresponding gene showed similarity to oligopeptide transporters of the OPT family and was therefore named CgOPT1. Expression of CgOPT1 in mycelia was low, and was enhanced by external application of IAA. cgopt1-silenced mutants produced less spores, had reduced pigmentation, and were less pathogenic to plants than the wild-type strain. IAA enhanced spore formation and caused changes in colony morphology in the wild-type strain, but had no effect on spore formation or colony morphology of the cgopt1-silenced mutants. Our results show that IAA induces developmental changes in C. gloeosporioides. These changes are blocked in cgopt1-silenced mutants, suggesting that this ...
The hemibiotrophic pathogen Colletotrichum orbiculare develops biotrophic hyphae inside cucumber (Cucumis sativus) cells via appressorial penetration; later, the pathogen switches to necrotrophy. C. orbiculare also expresses specific effectors at different stages. Here, we found that virulence-related effectors of C. orbiculare accumulate in a pathogen-host biotrophic interface. Fluorescence-tagged effectors accumulated in a ring-like region around the neck of the biotrophic primary hyphae. Fluorescence imaging of cellular components and transmission electron microscopy showed that the ring-like signals of the effectors localized at the pathogen-plant interface. Effector accumulation at the interface required induction of its expression during the early biotrophic phase, suggesting that transcriptional regulation may link to effector localization. We also investigated the route of effector secretion to the interface. An exocytosis-related component, the Rab GTPase SEC4, localized to the necks of ...
APHOTOFUNGI - Photographic Stock Image Library Page for Colletotrichum acutatum ? - Leaf Spot / Anthracnose (Ascomycota Images). A-P-H-O-T-O - Furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography.
Colletotrichum lindemuthianum is one of the main pathogens affecting common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in tropical regions. In the present work we describe three mutants of C. lindemuthianum obtained by insertional mutagenesis using the REMI technique (Restriction Enzyme-Mediated Integration). The mutants were selected based on their lower virulence/pathogenicity and the partial characterization of the mutated genes is presented. In addition, the mitochondrial genome of this phytopathogen was partially characterized. The results show that the gene pacC1 plays a role in vegetative growth and pathogenicity. The use of the restriction enzyme NarI in the transformation of C. lindemuthianum increased approximately 10-fold the transformation efficiency using plasmid pAN7.1. Mutant strains mut5, mut29, and mut65 were isolated from a total of 580 transformants based on their altered ability to infect susceptible bean plants. Strains mut29 and mut65 failed to penetrate hypocotyl tissues of the common ...
Colletotrichum orbiculare is a plant pathogen of melons and cucumber. Sherriff, Christine; Whelan, Mitzi J.; Arnold, Gillian M.; Lafay, Jean-Francois; Brygoo, Yves; Bailey, John A. (1994). Ribosomal DNA Sequence Analysis Reveals New Species Groupings in the Genus Colletotrichum. Experimental Mycology. 18 (2): 121-138. doi:10.1006/emyc.1994.1014. ISSN 0147-5975. Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal ...
The genome structure of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in a set of diverse isolates was investigated using a combination of physical and molecular approaches. Flow cytometric measurement of genome size
Phytopathology 91:659-664...Phytopathology 91:659-664...Germination and Sporulation of Colletotrichum acutatum on Symptomless Strawberry Leaves...L. F. S. Leandro , M. L. Gleason , F. W. Nutter , Jr. , S. N. Wegulo , and P. M. Dixon...
FERREIRA, Josimar Batista; ABREU, Mario Sobral de; ALVES, Eduardo e PEREIRA, Igor Souza. Morphologic aspects of colonization of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides on organs of coffee plants with blister spot. Ciênc. agrotec. [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.4, pp.956-964. ISSN 1413-7054. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542009000400003.. The aim of this work was to study the colonization of leaves, petioles, veins, branches, fruits, and peduncles by C. gloeosporioides, the causal agent of blister spot, under natural infections of cultivar Catucaí Vermelho in field conditions. All materials were analyzed through scanning electron microscopy. The branches and veins of coffee leaves affected by blister spot with descending death as well as hypocotyls from seedlings had their xylem, phloem and cortical cells colonized by C. gloeosporioides while fruits showing blister spot symptoms had their exocarp, mesocarp, endocarp, and endosperm tissues colonized by C. gloeosporioides.. Palavras-chave : Coffee tree; ...
Anthracnose (fungus -Colletotrichum graminicola): This disease is more likely to occur in Southeast Texas during August on coastal Bermudagrass. Symptoms that occur during cool, wet weather differ from those that occur during warm, dry weather. During cool, wet periods, a basal stem rot may occur. During warm weather, especially the soil is dry and the bermudagrass canopy and atmosphere are wet or very humid, the pathogen readily colonizes older leaves and hastens leaf and tiller senescence. Sometimes, the pathogen causes oblong, reddish-brown leaf lesions. Tiny black fungal structures with erect, minute black spines can often be seen with a hand lens on infected dead leaf and stem tissue.. Rust (fungus - Puccinia cynodontis): Rust is an occasional problem that usually results in little damage. Occasionally, minor diseases become severe when certain factors are right for disease development. When rust occurs on forage bermudagrass, it should be immediately cut for hay or grazed heavily. This ...
Colletotrichum axonopodi is a falcate-spored graminicolous plant pathogenic fungi species, first isolated from warm-season grasses. Crouch, J. A.; Clarke, B. B.; White, J. F.; Hillman, B. I. (2009). Systematic analysis of the falcate-spored graminicolous Colletotrichum and a description of six new species from warm-season grasses. Mycologia. 101 (5): 717-732. doi:10.3852/08-230. ISSN 0027-5514. Hyde, K. D., et al. Colletotrichum-names in current use. Fungal Diversity39.1 (2009): 147-182. Crouch, J. A., and L. A. Beirn. Anthracnose of cereals and grasses. Fungal Diversity 39 (2009): 19. Colletotrichum axonopodi at the Encyclopedia of Life ...
Infection of Arabidopsis thaliana by the ascomycete fungus Colletotrichum higginsianum is characterised by an early symptomless biotrophic phase followed by a destructive necrotrophic phase. The fungal genome contains 77 secondary metabolism-related biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs), and their expression during the infection process is tightly regulated. Deleting CclA, a chromatin regulator involved in repression of some BGCs through H3K4 trimethylation, allowed overproduction of 3 families of terpenoids and isolation of 12 different molecules. These natural products were tested in combination with methyl jasmonate (MeJA), an elicitor of jasmonate responses, for their capacity to alter defence gene induction in Arabidopsis. Higginsianin B inhibited MeJA-triggered expression of the defence reporter VSP1p:GUS, suggesting it may block bioactive JA-Ile synthesis or signalling in planta. Using the JA-Ile sensor Jas9-VENUS, we found that higginsianin B, but not three other structurally-related ...
Infection of Arabidopsis thaliana by the ascomycete fungus Colletotrichum higginsianum is characterised by an early symptomless biotrophic phase followed by a destructive necrotrophic phase. The fungal genome contains 77 secondary metabolism-related biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs), and their expression during the infection process is tightly regulated. Deleting CclA, a chromatin regulator involved in repression of some BGCs through H3K4 trimethylation, allowed overproduction of 3 families of terpenoids and isolation of 12 different molecules. These natural products were tested in combination with methyl jasmonate (MeJA), an elicitor of jasmonate responses, for their capacity to alter defence gene induction in Arabidopsis. Higginsianin B inhibited MeJA-triggered expression of the defence reporter VSP1p:GUS, suggesting it may block bioactive JA-Ile synthesis or signalling in planta. Using the JA-Ile sensor Jas9-VENUS, we found that higginsianin B, but not three other structurally-related ...
Anthracnose diseases, particularly those caused by Colletotrichum (Gloeosporium) or Glomerella fungi, are very common and destructive on numerous crop and ornamental plants. Although severe everywhere, anthracnose diseases cause their most significant losses in the tropics and subtropics. Pre- and post-harvest losses of many high-value crops are substantial in the tropics due to of various diseases caused by C. gloeosporioides. Flower infection on mangoes (blossom blight) can destroy flowers and young fruit and cause complete crop failure. Fruit infection may cause premature fruit drop, but major fruit losses occur during ripening when quiescent (dormant) infections break out and cause spreading black lesions. Anthracnose of other fruits also causes major post-harvest losses. Heavy infections cause rapid rotting, and even light infections which cause mainly cosmetic damage will shorten fruit storage life. Because of variability between seasons and locations, overall figures for losses are ...
Anthracnose, antagonistic ability, Colletotrichum sp., Dual Culture Assay, unimas, university, universiti, Borneo, Malaysia, Sarawak, Kuching, Samarahan, ipta, education, undergraduate, research, Universiti Malaysia ...
7kgs of olive stored in plastic bags at 5o C for one week still resulted in olive oils with 35% fewer polyphenols.. Youssef et al. (2011) Influence of olive storage period on volatile compounds and oil quality of two Tunisian cultivars of Olea europea, Chemlali and Chetoui. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 2011, 46, 1245-1252. Comment: While this study was rather unrealistic, it demonstrated how easily prolonged post harvest storage can adversely affect important healthy components in EVOO. Storing olives in 4 tonne bins at ambient temperatures would be expected to have a much greater impact than that observed here.. The Anthracnose pathogen Colletotrichum acutatum in Portugal occurs in 6 geographically variable genetic groups, with 2 groups comprising 92% of populations. The pathogen was stored on leaves, branches, weeds and mummified fruit on the tree. Interestingly, the pathogen was not isolated from fallen mummified fruit. Dispersal occurred by reaching flowers and young ...
Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 23:103-111...Ayumu Sakaguchi, Toshihiko Miyaji, Gento Tsuji, and Yasuyuki Kubo...© 2010 The American Phytopathological Society...Kelch repeat proteins are conserved in diverse organisms and some are known to mediate fundamental cellular functions. We isolated the gene CoKEL1, encoding a novel kelch repeat protein, from Colletotrichum orbiculare. Analysis of a cokel1 mutant indicated that CoKEL1 is involved in proper appresso...
Strawberry anthracnose can be caused by at least three species of fungi, Colletotrichum fragariae, C. acutatum, and C. gloeosporioides. All three of these fungi can cause similar or nearly identical symptoms on the plant and fruit. The two most destructive forms of the disease are crown rot, usually associated with C. fragariae, and fruit rot, usually associated with C. acutatum. Both the crown rot and fruit rot forms of the disease have been a major problem in the southern production regions of the U.S. for several years (Maas, 1984). Because anthracnose has generally been restricted to the south, it is usually considered to be a warm weather or southern disease of strawberry. In the northern U.S., growers and researchers have historically not been faced with this disease problem, and many probably still consider anthracnose to be a problem of the south. Epidemics of anthracnose fruit rot caused by C. acutatum have occurred in Ohio, but the crown rot phase has been observed only a few times ...
Biosciences, Biotechnology Research Asia is an international, open access, peer reviewed research journal covering all aspects of Biosciences and Biotechnology field.
O feijoeiro comum (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) é um dos principais componentes da dieta do brasileiro além de ser uma importante fonte primária de proteína e ferro. O Brasil é o maior produtor dessa leguminosa. Um dos fatores que limitam a produtividade brasileira é o grande número de doenças. Dentre as doenças fúngicas da parte aérea destacam-se a mancha angular causada por Pseudocercospora griseola e a antracnose, causada por Colletotrichum lindemuthianum. Essas doenças podem causar perdas superiores a 70% dependendo das condições climáticas, suscetibilidade da cultivar e patogenicidade dos isolados. A compreensão de como as plantas respondem ao ataque de patógenos é de fundamental importância para o desenvolvimento de cultivares resistentes que possam garantir a sustentabilidade da produção agrícola. Com este trabalho objetivou-se identificar proteínas diferencialmente expressas pelo genótipo de feijoeiro comum AND 277 em resposta a P. griseola e C. lindemuthianum. Foram ...
SANTOS, Gil Rodrigues dos et al. Severity of foliar diseases and genotype maize yield in response to nitrogen fertilization. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2013, vol.60, n.4, pp.505-513. ISSN 0034-737X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2013000400009.. Leaf diseases, mainly, helmintosporiosis (Bipolaris spp.), anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola) and rust (Puccinia spp.), may cause reduction in maize yield. This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence and severity of helmintosporiosis, anthracnose and rust, as well as productivity of different genotypes of maize in response to increasing doses of nitrogen. Disease severity was evaluated using a score scale in nine maize genotypes (AG9040, AG7088, 30F35, 3F624, 1F583, 1F632, 1F557, 1F640 and ID219) subjected to four different nitrogen levels (67; 112; 157; and 202 kg ha-1) in two cropping years (2009/2010 and 2010/2011). To determine the productivity, it was used the weight of collected grains. It was observe that the severity of helmintosporiosis, ...
Mycosphaerella graminicola(Fuckel) J. Schröt is the causal agent of septoria tritici leaf blotch, which is the major foliar wheat disease in most temperate areas.Direct losses and the cost of control strategies contribute to the huge economical importance of this disease. M. graminicolais a dimorphic fungal pathogen that grows in yeast-like or filamentous fashion depending on the environmental conditions. Filamentation is required for pathogenicity of this non-appressorium forming pathogen, which has a hemibiotrophic lifestyle characterized by an initial biotrophic phase (about 10 days) that is followed by a necrotrophic phase during which numerous asexual and eventually sexual fructifications are produced. This thesis is part of an ongoing research program aimed at understanding the genetic and molecular control of pathogenicity. The research was initiated with the generation of EST and genomic sequence data of the pathogen. This thesis describes the functional analyses of 10 genes encoding ...
Centipedegrass is a slow-growing warm season grass that forms a dense turf. Because it requires minimal fertility and less mowing than bermuda or St. Augustine grasses it is often refered to as lazy mans grass. In mild climates, centipedegrass will remain green throughout the year. It does not have a true dormant state and resumes growth whenever temperatures are favorable. It is subject to dieback during hard freezes.. Seeding Rate - 4 ounces per 1,000 ft2. Mix seed with dry sand to help spread this small seed. Seeding is best done from April to July to allow a full growing season for grass to establish and withstand winter injury.. Plugging - Space plugs in rows 1 feet apart or on 1 foot spacings. Firmly tamp plugs to achieve good soil contact. Closer spacing provides quicker coverage and reduces weed development. Keep soil moist to prevent the roots from drying out. Scout and remove any weeds that appear in bare areas between plugs.. Sprigging - Space plugs in rows 1 feet apart or on 1 foot ...
Aimed at developing novel fungicides for relieving the ever-increasing pressure of agricultural production caused by phytopathogenic fungi, 28 new hydrazone derivatives of carabrone, a natural bioactive sesquisterpene, in three types were designed, synthesized and their antifungal activities against Botrytis cinerea and Colletotrichum lagenarium were evaluated. The result revealed that all the derivatives synthesized exhibited considerable antifungal activities in vitro and in vivo, which led to the improved activities for carabrone and its analogues and further confirmed their potential as antifungal agents.
Muscadine grapes (Vitis rotundifolia Michx) are considered as excellent genetic resources for grape breeding programs as they are known for their hardiness and resistance to pests and diseases. However, contrary to popular belief, our study indicated that not all muscadine cultivars are resistant to anthracnose disease. In order to identify a source of genetic tolerance towards anthracnose among muscadine cultivars, a series of in-situ and ex-situ experiments were conducted through strict and sensitive screening processes. Two consecutive years of field evaluation of 54 grape cultivars showed various levels of anthracnose incidence among the cultivars between a scale of 0 (tolerant) to 5 (highly-susceptible). Resistance bioassay by inoculation of different spore densities of Elsinoë ampelina on 40 cultivars presented similar results and was consistent with those obtained from the field test. A real-time PCR analysis was conducted to investigate differences of gene expression between susceptible and
Visto que o controle químico é um dos métodos mais utilizados no manejo da antracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) do feijoeiro comum, este trabalho objetivou avaliar a translocação e a ação preventiva e curativa de diferentes fungicidas sobre a severidade da doença ...
The Anthracnose fungus can survive in infected plant debris, in and on the seed. Spores are produced on infected leaves and fruit. These are easily spread by splashing rain, irrigation, on workers hands or equipment. The disease is favored by warm, moist environmental conditions and often is first seen mid to late season after the canopy closes. During wet summers, disease can be quite severe.. ...
Abstract: Alternatives to petroleum-based chemicals are highly sought-after for on-going efforts to reduce the damaging effects of human activity on the environment. Copper radical oxidases from Auxiliary Activity Family 5/Subfamily 2 (AA5_2) are attractive biocatalysts because they oxidize primary alcohols in a chemo-selective manner without complex organic cofactors. However, despite numerous studies on canonical galactose oxidases (GalOx, EC 1.1.3.9) and engineered variants, and the recent discovery of a Colletotrichum graminicola copper radical alcohol oxidase (AlcOx, EC 1.1.3.13), the catalytic potentials of very few AA5_2 members have been characterized. Guided by sequence similarity network and phylogenetic analyses, in this study we targeted a distinct paralog from the fungus C. graminicola as a representative member of a large uncharacterized subgroup of AA5_2. Through recombinant production and detailed kinetic analysis, we demonstrated that this enzyme is weakly active towards ...
Dejonge, R., Ebert, M., Huitt-Roehl, C., Pal, P., Suttle, J.C., Spanner, R.E., Neubauer, J., Jurick II, W.M., Stott, K.A., Secor, G.A., Thomma, B.P., Van De Peer, Y., Townsend, C.A., Bolton, M.D. 2018. Gene cluster conservation provides insight into cercosporin biosynthesis and extends production to the genus Colletotrichum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 115(24):E5459-E5466 ...
Pectin lyases (PNLs) are important enzymes that are involved in plant cell wall degradation during the infection process. Colletotrichum is a diverse genus of fungi, which allows the study of the evolution of PNLs and their possible role in pathogen-host interactions and lifestyle adaptations. The phylogenetic reconstruction of PNLs from Colletotrichum and analysis of selection pressures showed the formation of protein lineages by groups of species with different selection pressures and specific patterns. The analysis of positive selection at individual sites using different methods allowed for the identification of three codons with evidence of positive selection in the oligosaccharide-binding region and two codons on the antiparallel sheet, which may influence the interaction with the substrate ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Essential component of the vacuolar proton pump (V-ATPase), a multimeric enzyme that catalyzes the translocation of protons across the membranes. Required for assembly and activity of the V-ATPase.
Abbey, B., Nwachoko, N., & Ikiroma, G. (2017). Nutritional value of cucumber cultivated in three selected states of Nigeria. Biochemistry and Analytical Biochemistry, 6(3), 1-3. Available at: https://doi.org/10.4172/2161-1009.1000328. Abd-El-Khair, H., & Haggag, W. M. (2007). Application of some Egyptian medicinal plant extracts against potato late and early blights. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 3(3), 166-175. Abeer, A. E., Hoballah, E. M., Abdel-Halim, K. Y., & Sanaa, A. M. (2017). Antifungal activities of some botanical extracts and synthetic compounds against down mildew in cucumber plants. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 8(3), 798-805. Akinbode, O. (2010). Evaluation of antifungal efficacy of some plant extracts on Curvularia lunata, the causal organism of maize leaf spot. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4(11), 797-800. Amadioha, A. C., & Obi, V. I. (1999). Control of anthracnose disease of cowpea ...
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Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Key Lime Cheesecake based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Keebler reduced fat graham Ready Crust, Philadelphia Fat Free Cream Cheese, Cool Whip Free, Yoplait Light Fat Free Key Lime Pie Flavored Yogurt, Kraft Jell-o Brand Sugar Free Low Calorie Gelatin Dessert (Jello) and the other ingredients in this recipe.
This pie is light yet rich-tasting and can be made ahead - great for any party! It uses bottled Key lime juice (easier than finding fresh Key limes) and cookies with no trans fats, naturally!
Key Lime Taffy 3 LBS |br/|Key Lime Taffy is tart and tangy. The pretty green and white taffy is perfect for weddings St. Patricks Day parties, birthday candy buffets and spring Easter baskets. Each piece is individually wrapped to ensure freshness. |br/|
PLoS Pathogens: Sequential Delivery of Host-Induced Virulence Effectors by Appressoria and Intracellular Hyphae of the Phytopathogen Colletotrichum ...
EXAMPLE 2: Specimen type and specimen source site in NAHLN messaging. The Specimen Type (SPM.4) field describes the precise nature of the entity that will be the source material for the observation. While every effort will be made to provide coded values for specimen types being used in NAHLN agent testing, there may be cases where a coded value specific to a particular specimen type is not immediately available. In these instances, an alternative coded value and description of the specimen may be sent in components 4-6 of the CWE data type. In some cases the precise term is not available in the coded reference system. In these situations, it is allowable to send the original text of the specimen description in the CWE.9 component. An example of coded value for SPM.4 is shown below:. ,SPM.4,. ,CWE.1,661000009100,/CWE.1,. ,CWE.2,Oropharyngeal swab,/CWE.2,. ,CWE.3,SCT,/CWE.3,. ,CWE.9,OP swabs,/CWE.9,. ,/SPM.4,. The Specimen Source Site (SPM.8) contains an identifier for the source of the specimen ...
Colletotrichum nupharicola strain CBS 470 internal transcribed spacer 1, partial sequence; 5.8S ribosomal RNA gene and internal transcribed spacer 2, complete sequence; and 28S ribosomal RNA gene, partial ...
As espécies patogênicas do gênero Colletotrichum apresentam importância mundial, pois causam danos a várias culturas de interesse agronômico. Diversas medidas de controle são empregadas, mas estas nem...
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Literatura citada. Alpuche, L. 1990. Los fungicidas: aspectos generales. In: Albert, L. (Coord.). Los plaguicidas. El Ambiente y la Salud. Centro de Ecodesarrollo. 215-217 pp. [ Links ] Arauz, L. F. 2000. Mango anthracnose: economic impact and current options for integrated management. Plant Dis. 84(6):600-611. [ Links ] Arias, B. y Carrizales, L. 2007. Control químico de la antracnosis del mango (Mangifera indica L.) en pre y postcosecha en el municipio Cedeño, estado Monagas, Venezuela. Bioagro. 19(1):19-25. [ Links ] Atanasova, L.; Druzhinina, I. S. and Jaklitsch, W. M. 2013. Two hundred Trichoderma species recognized on the basis of molecular phylogeny. In: Mukherjee, P. K.; Horwitz, B. A.; Singh, U. S.; Mukherjee, M. and Schmoll, M. (Eds.). Trichoderma: biology and applications. CABI, Wallingford. 10-42 pp. [ Links ] Bailey, J. A.; OConnell, R. J.; Pring, R. J. and Nash, C. 1992. Infection strategies of Colletotrichum species. In: Bailey, J. A. and Jeger, M. J. (Eds.). Colletotrichum: ...
Abstract: The fungal pathogen Colletotrichum truncatum is a potential bioherbicide agent for management of the noxious weed scentless chamomile (Metricaria perforate) in western Canada. Isolates of the potential biocontrol agent from scentless chamomile cannot be separated morphologically from the pathogen that causes anthracnose on lentil and field pea, raising questions about crop safety for its use as a bioherbicide agent in the region. Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) of C. truncatum from scentless chamomile and several crop species were examined for genetic differences. ITS-rDNA fragments of 63 isolates were amplified using the universal primers Its4 and Its5 and sequenced. The rDNA fragment was 571 bp in size for isolates from scentless chamomile, 566 bp from lentil, 558 or 559 bp from field pea isolates and 555 bp from soybean. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony and neighbour-joining methods separated these putative C. truncatum isolates into four ...
Mouse garlic (Allium angulosum L.) is economically important for its use as a spice, vegetable, and ornamental plant. During the monsoon (June to September) of 2015 and 2016, A. angulosum plants with symptoms of anthracnose were observed in the wild allium repository at ICAR-Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research, Rajgurunagar (18°84ʹ31″N, 73°88ʹ50″E), Pune, India. Disease severity was up to 30 to 45% during the two consecutive years. Initially, tips of older leaves showed prominent, white, sunken spots that converted to light brown necrotic lesions causing die-back of the whole leaf. On necrotic lesions, small, black fruiting bodies (acervuli) developed in concentric rings. As the disease progressed, plants dried completely. Three isolates (AAC-1, AAC-2, AAC-3) were collected from infected leaves of different plants. For isolation, infected leaves were cut into small pieces (5 to 10 mm²) and immersed in 1% NaClO solution for 2 min, rinsed three times in sterilized distilled water, ...
Rakotoniriana, Erick Francisco S. ; Rafamantanana, Mamy ; Randriamampionona, Denis ; Rabemanantsoa, Christian ; Urveg-Ratsimamanga, Suzanne ; El Jaziri, Mondher ; Munaut, Françoise ; Corbisier, Anne-Marie ; Quetin-Leclercq, Joëlle ; Declerck, Stephan. Study in vitro of the impact of endophytic bacteria isolated from Centella asiatica on the disease incidence caused by the hemibiotrophic fungus Colletotrichum higginsianum. In: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek : international journal of general and molecular microbiology, Vol. 103, no.1, p. 121-133 (2013). doi:10.1007/s10482-012-9791-2. http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/121102. ...
Phenotypes of five transgenic lines of narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius [L] cv Merrit) stably transformed with the isopentenyl pyrophosphate transferase (ipt) gene from Agrobacterium tumefaciens coupled to a flower-specific promoter (TP12) from Nicotiana tabacum [L.] are described. Expression of the transgene was detected in floral tissues and in shoot apical meristems on all orders of inflorescence. In each transgenic line there was significant axillary bud outgrowth at all nodes on the main stem with pronounced branch development from the more basal nodes in three of the lines. The lowest basal branches developed in a manner similar to the upper stem axillary branches on cv Merrit and bore fruits, which, in two lines, contained a significant yield of filled seeds at maturity. Senescence of the cotyledons was delayed in all lines with green cotyledons persisting beyond anthesis in one case. IPT expression increased cytokinin (CK) levels in flowers, meristem tissues and phloem exudates ...
Coffee berry disease ( Colletotrichum kahawae ) causes fruits rots on Arabica coffee leading to harvest losses of around 40%. Using biological molecules may be one way of reducing chemical pesticide use by stimulating natural defence reactions in plants. FEN 560 is a natural product extracted from fenugreek ( Trigonella foenum-greacum ) and its stimulating effect is now recognized on the Vitis vinifera L./ Uncinula necator pathosystem. In order to study its effect on the Coffea arabica / C. kahawae pathosystem, the enzymatic activity of phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), along with caffeine and chlorogenic acid (CGA) concentrations were monitored in the seedling hypocotyls of two varieties of C. arabica with different degrees of susceptibility, contaminated by C. kahawae and treated with FEN 560. After observing symptoms on seedlings, a real FEN 560 effect was seen on the pathosystem. However, it did not seem to stimulate the alkaloid (caffeine) or polyphenol (CGA) biosynthesis pathways. ...
Anthracnose is a fungal disease caused by several fungal species that attacks a variety of garden plants, including beans, potatoes, onions, cucurbits, strawberries, peppers and grain crops. Several species cause anthracnose in garden plants, but typically the culprits in your home garden are Colletotrichum and ...
A quantitative and robust bioassay to assess plant defense response is important for studies of disease resistance and also for the early identification of disease during pre- or non-symptomatic phases. An increase in extracellular pH is known to be an early defense response in plants. In this study, we propose a fast and reliable alkalinization assay to monitor plant defense response in potatoes. Using potato suspension cell cultures, we observed an alkalinization response against various pathogen- and plant-derived elicitors in a dose- and time-dependent manner. We also assessed the defense response against a variety of potato pathogens, such as protists (Phytophthora infestans and Spongospora subterranea) and fungi (Verticillium dahliae and Colletotrichum coccodes). Our results show that extracellular pH increases within 30 min in proportion to the number of pathogen spores added. Consistently with the alkalinization effect, the higher transcription level of several defense-related genes and
Project} Lupi-ZAV: Zuchtmaterialerstellung durch Erschließung und Selektion bisher nicht erfasster Anbau- und Verwertungsmerkmale in bisher nicht genutzten genetischen Ressourcen der Schmalblättrigen Lupine (Lupinus angustifolius L.). [Development of breeding material by analysis and selection of important cropping and usability characters in so far neglected genetic ressouces of narrow leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.).] Runs 2015 - 2018. Project Leader(s): Eickmeyer, Dr. Fred; Prüfer, Prof. Dr. Dirk and Baum, Dr. Christel. Bäthge, Juliane (2015) Ökologischer Landbau: Beitrag oder Bedrohung für die Welternährung? Analyse der Argumentationsstruktur. [Organic farming: Contribution or thread for the global food supply? Discourse analysis.] Masters thesis, Universität Rostock, Universität Göttingen . . [Submitted] Hofmeijer, Merel A.J.; Melander, Bo; Krawczyk, Roman; Salonen, Jukka; Verwijst, Theo; Zarina, L. and Gerowitt, Bärbel (2017) Problematic weed species in organic arable ...
Huperzine A (HupA) isolated from Huperzia serrata is an important compound used to treat Alzheimers disease (AD). Recently, HupA was reported in various endophytic fungi, with Colletotrichum gloeosporioides ES026 previously isolated from H. serrata shown to produce HupA. In this study, we performed next-generation sequencing and de novo RNA sequencing of C. gloeosporioides ES026 to elucidate the molecular functions, biological processes, and biochemical pathways of these unique sequences. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes assignments allowed annotation of lysine decarboxylase (LDC) and copper amine oxidase (CAO) for their conversion of L-lysine to 5-aminopentanal during HupA biosynthesis ...
In this study we could show that formation of retraction septa in U. maydis infectious hyphae depends on the diaphanous-related formin Drf1. Drf1 acts as an effector of the small GTPase Cdc42 and is together with the Cdc42-GEF Don1 and the Ste20-like kinase Don3 required for the formation of a contractile actomyosin ring during septation. Remarkably, non-septated infectious hyphae, that have exceeded a certain length, are unable to form appressoria, while short hyphae lacking retraction septa form appressoria. This led to a significant reduction in the formation of functional infection structures and thus explains the attenuated virulence of drf1, don1 and don3 mutants.. Formins are major players in actin organisation. The genome of U. maydis encodes along with the diaphanous-related formin Drf1, a second formin, Srf1, which belongs to the subfamily of SepA-related formins (MIPS U. maydis data base) [29]. While srf1 is an essential gene (B. Sandrock, unpublished data), we found that drf1 ...
What does raspberry anthracnose look like? Anthracnose can affect any part of a raspberry plant; however, canes are most commonly affected. Watch for scattered, purple, roundish spots (up to ⅜ inch in diameter) that are characteristic of the disease. Over time, the spots develop ash-colored, sunken centers and raised purple margins. When anthracnose is severe and develops early in the growing season, these sunken spots can merge and girdle raspberry canes, resulting in cane death. When anthracnose develops later in the season spots may not develop sunken centers, but will overlap and merge. If a large enough portion of a cane is affected, the bark may split. This symptom is called gray bark. Canes severely affected by anthracnose are more prone to winter injury. On leaves, anthracnose symptoms typically appear in early to mid-summer as irregularly-shaped, yellow spots that are approximately 1/16 inch in diameter. These spots enlarge and develop gray centers with reddish-purple borders. Over ...
OmegAvail™ Key Lime Smoothie is a delicious tasting, high potency fish oil product, providing 910mg of EPA and 590mg DHA in each 1 tablespoon serving. It is manufactured using a proprietary emulsification technology that significantly reduces the size of fish oil molecules, resulting in enhanced absorption and easy digestion. This novel product is ideal for children and those who do not prefer to swallow softgels. It has the taste of a fruit smoothie without any oily taste or texture. OmegAvail™ Key Lime Smoothie is very convenient to use, as it quickly dissolves for easy mixing in water, juice, or blended beverages. It may also be taken alone.. As with all of our OmegAvail™ products, OmegAvail™ Key Lime Smoothie carries the TruTG™ seal, which means the fish oils are delivered in the form found in nature and are of superior TG potency. Our fish oils are molecularly distilled and filtered to ensure purity and to maximize the removal of heavy metals, pesticides, solvents, PCBs, and other ...
Narrow-leafed lupin (NLL; Lupinus angustifolius L.) is an important grain legume crop that is valuable for sustainable farming and is becoming recognized as a human health food. NLL breeding is directed at improving grain production, disease resistance, drought tolerance and health benefits. However, genetic and genomic studies have been hindered by a lack of extensive genomic resources for the species. Here, the generation, de novo assembly and annotation of transcriptome datasets derived from five different NLL tissue types of the reference accession cv. Tanjil are described. The Tanjil transcriptome was compared to transcriptomes of an early domesticated cv. Unicrop, a wild accession P27255, as well as accession 83A:476, together being the founding parents of two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations. In silico predictions for transcriptome-derived gene-based length and SNP polymorphic markers were conducted and corroborated using a survey assembly sequence for NLL cv. Tanjil. This ...
2 envelopes unflavored gelatin. 1/2 cup cold water. 3/4 cup sugar. 1 1/2 cups boiling water. 1 teaspoon grated key lime peel. 2/3 cup fresh key lime juice. 4 egg whites. 1. Sprinkle gelatin over cold water in a large bowl and let stand 5 minutes. Stir in sugar until blended. Add boiling water and stir until gelatin is completely dissolved, about 3 minutes. Add lime peel and juice. Chill until slightly thickened, about 15 minutes.. 2. Beat egg whites until stiff. With beater still running, gradually add gelatin mixture until soft peaks form. Spoon into individual dessert cups. Chill for 2 hours. Garnish with a twisted lime peel.. PER SERVING: 92 cal, 0% fat cal, 0g fat, 0g sat fat, 0mg chol, 3g protein, 21g carb, 0g fiber, 32mg sodium ...
Project no: RM 111-138-11 (decision of the Council of Ministers no149/2011). Project title: Improvement of national plant protein sources, their production, trading system and use in animal feeding. Research area 2: Increase in stability and yield quality of high protein legumes. 11 individual tasks. Co-ordinator: W. Święcicki. Consortium: 18 members. Duration: 9 August 2011 - 31 December 2015. Task 2.5: Grain legumes yield stability analysis to select genotypes lowering the cultivation risk. Task leader: W. Święcicki. Task 2.8: Identification of selected genes responsible for important agronomic traits and their functional characteristics in narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.). Task leader: M. Kroc. Task 2.9: Analysis of loci localization responsible for stem stiffness and ascochytose resistance in pea (Pisum sativum L.). Task leader: M. Gawłowska ...
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Tytuł projektu: Rozbudowa i przekształcenie bibliograficznej bazy danych AGRO w bazę bibliograficzno-abstraktową z wykorzystaniem oprogramowania YADDA. Nr umowy: POIG 02.03.02-00-031/09 (okres realizacji 2009-2013 ...
Sugarcane is affected by several diseases in Assam. Although the cultivation area of sugarcane in Assam is less as a comparison to other sugarcane growing states of India, the prevalence of different diseases caused a reduction in yield potential of the crop. to obtain a clear picture of disease pressure in cane agriculture of Assam, the survey programme was carried out in definite intervals during 2016-2017, 2017-18 and 2018-19 in Assam. Red rot caused by Colletotrichum falcatum was found to occurs upto percent disease incidence of 10.53%. Wilt caused by Fusarium sachhari was found to occour upto percent disease incidence of 19.23%. Diseases like pokkah boeng, Yellow leaf disease (YLD) are becoming to be a major disease in Assam.
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by Matt Gibson About Anthracnose Finding out that your tomato crops are infected with tomato anthracnose can be incredibly discouraging. You may notice ugly legions and large rotten areas and realize that you have noticed the infection a bit too late in the game to save … [Read more...] ...
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Disease severity values (DSVs) for early blight, septoria leaf spot, and tomato anthracnose development are determined daily based on leaf wetness (due to rainfall, dew) and air temperature.. On a daily basis DSV values can range from 0 to 4 where 0 = no chance for disease development to 4 = high chance for disease development ...
Disease severity values (DSVs) for early blight, septoria leaf spot, and tomato anthracnose development are determined daily based on leaf wetness (due to rainfall, dew) and air temperature.. On a daily basis DSV values can range from 0 to 4 where 0 = no chance for disease development to 4 = high chance for disease development ...
ACER DISEASES List of files and visuals associated with this text. Anthracnose, caused by the fungus Gloeosporium apocryptum,...
Much like key lime pie, this Lemon-Lime Tart features a sweet-tart citrus filling housed in a crumbly graham cracker crust. Serve with homemade whipped cream for a special finish.
Currently, the Center for Writing Excellence (CWE) is operating entirely online. Together, we are finding energy in work we feel matters now, more than ever.
Colletotrichum sp., syn. Glomerella) Colletotrichum durionis Colletotrichum zibethinum Coriolus vesicolor leaf spot and dieback ... Colletotrichum gloeosporioides)? black and brown leaf spot (Homostegia durionis) Lasiodiplodia sp. Diplodia fruit rot ( ...
The fungus Colletotrichum sp. caused anthracnosis in young plants, what leads to brown leaf changes surrounded by a yellowish ...
Fungus taxa named in his honour include the species Colletotrichum beeveri and Cortinarius beeverorum, and the genus ... "The Colletotrichum boninense species complex". Studies in Mycology. 73 (1): 1-26. doi:10.3114/sim0002. PMC 3458415. PMID ...
Colletotrichum fungi can cause anthracnose. The NASA Clean Air Study determined that the species modestum of this plant genus ...
Helgard I. Nirenberg; Uta Feiler & Gregor Hagedorn (2002). "Description of Colletotrichum lupini comb. nov. in Modern Terms". ...
Colletotrichum luxificum, a species of pathogenic fungus, can cause witch's broom disease in Theobroma speciosum. Theobroma ... Hyde, K. D.; Cai, L.; McKenzie, E. H. C.; Yang, Y. L.; Zhang, J. Z.; Prihastuti, H. (December 2009). "Colletotrichum: A ...
"Conidial anastomosis fusion between Colletotrichum species". Mycological Research. 108 (Pt 11): 1320-6. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.463. ...
For strawberries produced in China, C. gloeosporioides, along with Colletotrichum acutatum, and Colletotrichum fragariae cause ... Colletotrichum: complex species or species complexes?. 73 (1): 115-180. doi:10.3114/sim0011. PMC 3458417. PMID 23136459. Sharma ... Xie, Liu; Zhang, Jing-ze; Wan, Yao; Hu, Dong-wei (2010-01-05). "Identification of Colletotrichum spp. isolated from strawberry ... Weir, B. S.; Johnston, P. R.; Damm, U. (2012-09-01). "The Colletotrichum gloeosporioides species complex". Studies in Mycology ...
Examples are Alternaria, Colletotrichum, Trichoderma etc. Although Fungi imperfecti/Deuteromycota is no longer formally ...
Three hemibiotrophic species, Colletotrichum pisicola, C. vignae and C. destructivum belong to the Colletotrichum destructivum ... and other pathogens such as many Colletotrichum spp. (often called anthracnose diseases, e.g. Colletotrichum lindemuthianum), ... Colletotrichum lindemuthianum is a hemibiotrophic fungus on beans (common bean anthracnose). Conidia then, on the host surface ... Souza, E.A.; Camargo Jr., O.A.; Pinto, J.M.A. (2010). "Sexual recombination in Colletotrichum lindemuthianum occurs on a fine ...
Colletotrichum musae • Colletotrichum gloeosporioide • Botryodiplodia theobromae • Fusarium monoliforme • Fusarium oxysporum • ...
Colletotrichum theae-sinensis) is a plant pathogen. Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database v t e v t e. ...
The parasitic 'Onion Smudge' ("Colletotrichum circinans (Berk.) Voglino") is a disease which affects crops of onion subspecies ...
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is a seed-borne fungus disease. Therefore, it is present in an early lifecycle of the plant. So ... "Further trials to control Anthracnose (Colletotrichum sp.) in white lupins (Lupinus albus) with chemicals". Proceeding 9th ...
It is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum truncatum. The fungus infects soybean by attaching to the surface of the plant and ...
and Colletotrichum graminicola) are present on the island. These three fungi result in ergot, rust and leaf spot respectively ...
Colletotrichum spp.) which has proven highly destructive to accessions in the Brazilian Savannahs. Foliar blight is worse in ...
Common legume diseases include anthracnose, caused by Colletotrichum trifolii; common leaf spot caused by Pseudomonas syringae ...
Other fungi are known, such as Rhizopus, Fusarium, and Colletotrichum. In chestnuts, Colletotrichum disease symptoms may also ...
"Inheritance of resistance to the fungus Colletotrichum lagenarium in watermelons". Proc Am Soc Hort Sci 15:638-643. 1960. ...
G. graminicola is an anamorphic fungus which is identified as Colletotrichum graminicola in the teleomorphic phase . It is the ... Corn anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum graminicola is a disease present worldwide. This disease can affect all parts of the ... Leonard, K. J. (1976). "Effects of Temperature and Host Maturity on Lesion Development of Colletotrichum graminicola on Corn". ... Politis, D.J.; Wheeler, Harry (1973). "Ultrastructural study of penetration of maize leaves by Colletotrichum graminicola". ...
Black dot disease is caused by the plant pathogen known as Colletotrichum coccodes (C. coccodes). It affects all underground ... Lees, A. K.; Hilton, A. J. (2003-02-01). "Black dot (Colletotrichum coccodes): an increasingly important disease of potato". ... Tsror (Lahkim), Leah; Erlich, Orly; Hazanovsky, Marina (1999). "Effect of Colletotrichum coccodes on Potato Yield, Tuber ... Ingram, Jason; Cummings, Thomas F.; Johnson, Dennis A. (2011-07-01). "Response of Colletotrichum Coccodes to Selected ...
Anthracnose: A disease caused by fungi of the genus Colletotrichum. This disease targets the leaves and stem causing them a ...
Cunningham JE, Kuiack C, Komendant KE (1990). "Viability of Penicillium bilaji and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides conidia from ...
The anthracnose, a canker caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporiodes, is a pathogen of the passion fruit creating dark and sunken ... Tarnowski TLB, Ploetz RC (2010). "First Report of Colletotrichum boninense, C. capsici, and a Glomerella sp. as Causes of ...
Colletotrichum and Pestaloptiopsis are examples of genera which produce these structures. Pycnidia, the other major group of ...
Colletotrichum higginsianum, Arabidopsis thaliana pathogen (2012[61]). *Chaetomium cochliodes Strain:CCM F-232, soil fungus ( ... "Lifestyle transitions in plant pathogenic Colletotrichum fungi deciphered by genome and transcriptome analyses". Nat. Genet. 44 ...
Blennorella Colletotrichum (sexual stage is Glomerella) Ellisiellina Haplothecium Peresia Schizotrichella Vermicularia Locq. ex ...
... pathogens include the sac fungus Colletotrichum coccodes and Sammons' Opuntia virus. The ant Crematogaster opuntiae and ...
Colletotrichum acutatum Colletotrichum agaves Colletotrichum alcornii Colletotrichum arachidis Colletotrichum axonopodi ... Colletotrichum baltimorense Colletotrichum capsici Colletotrichum caudatum Colletotrichum cereale Colletotrichum chrysophilum ... Colletotrichum coccodes Colletotrichum coffeanum Colletotrichum crassipes Colletotrichum dematium Colletotrichum derridis ... Colletotrichum destructivum Colletotrichum falacatum Colletotrichum fragariae Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Colletotrichum ...
Colletotrichum sublineola is a plant pathogen that causes anthracnose in wild rice and sorghum Colletotrichum sublineola ( ... "Colletotrichum sublineolum". www.mycobank.org. Retrieved 2020-06-23. "Plantwise Knowledge Bank , Anthracnose of sorghum". www. ... wrongly named for many years as Colletotrichum sublineolum), is the causal agent of sorghum anthracnose, which is one of the ...
Two subpopulations of Colletotrichum acutatum are responsible for anthracnose in strawberry and leatherleaf fern in Costa Rica. ... Two subpopulations of Colletotrichum acutatum are responsible for anthracnose in strawberry and leatherleaf fern in Costa Rica. ... Two subpopulations of Colletotrichum acutatum are responsible for anthracnose in strawberry and leatherleaf fern in Costa Rica. ... Two subpopulations of Colletotrichum acutatum are responsible for anthracnose in strawberry and leatherleaf fern in Costa Rica. ...
Antifungal Properties of Medicinal Plants Against Colletotrichum Lindemuthianum. Author:. Pinto, Joyce M.A., Souza, Elaine A. ... Phaseolus vulgaris, beans, anthracnose, Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, plant pathogenic fungi, disease control, plant extracts ...
Physiologic races of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in southeastern Brazil. Author:. Vieira, C.. Source:. Other US. Year:. 1977 ...
Characterization of Variability on Colletotrichum kahawae Isolates from Angola and Search for Resistance on Angolan Coffee ... Characterization of Variability on Colletotrichum kahawae Isolates from Angola and Search for Resistance on Angolan Coffee ...
Keywords: Anthracnose, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz, Extracellular enzyme, Intracellular enzyme, Enzyme activity ... Key words: Anthracnose; Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz; Extracellular enzyme; Intracellular enzyme; Enzyme activity. ... Assay of Some Hydrolytic and Oxidative Enzymes Produced Extracellularly and Intracellularly by ,i,Colletotrichum ... Colletotrichum gloeosporioides,/i> Penz. Causing Anthracnose Disease in Mango. Bangladesh Journal of Genetics and ...
Genome projects of Colletotrichum species have already opened a new era for studying the evolution of pathogenesis in fungi. We ... In addition to their economic impact, the genus Colletotrichum is a useful model for the study of the evolution of host ... This study illustrates the plasticity of Colletotrichum genomes, and shows that major changes in host range are associated with ... The four CAsc proteomes and secretomes along with those representing an additional 13 species (six Colletotrichum spp. and ...
Coffee berry disease ( Colletotrichum kahawae ) causes fruits rots on Arabica coffee leading to harvest losses of around 40%. ... Study on the Coffea arabica / Colletotrichum kahawae pathosystem: Impact of a biological plant protection product. ... Mots-cl s : coffea arabica; colletotrichum; trigonella foenum graecum; lutte biologique; f ve de caf ; phenylalanine ammonia ... lyase; caf ine; stimulus; activit enzymatique; acide chlorog nique; colletotrichum kahawae. Documents associ s. * Accéder au ...
Titre : Isolation and characterization of Colletotrichum spp. in the olive growing area of Maruggio (Apulia Region) for the ... A total of 14 Colletotrichum spp. isolates were collected from leaves, branches, and mummies of symptomatic and asymptomatic ... Isolation and characterization of Colletotrichum spp. in the olive growing area of Maruggio (Apulia Region) for the ... Isolation and characterization of Colletotrichum spp. in the olive growing area of Maruggio (Apulia Region) for the ...
Colletotrichum. Posted at 12:11h in Colletotrichum by Ruvi 0 Comments Colletotrichum Corda, in Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., 3 Abt. ( ... Colletotrichum abscissum#. COAD 1877*. KP843126. KP843129. KP843132. KP843141. KP843135. acutatum. C. acerbum. CBS 128530*. ... 1 Colletotrichum sp. a. Chilli anthracnose symptoms b. Crown rot of strawberry c. Leaf blight of Cannas sp. d-e strawberry ... Species of Colletotrichum can be used as biocontrol agents and as biocatalysts (C. dematium, C. gloeosporioides, C. graminicola ...
Colletotrichum Workshop 2009 Colletotrichum Workshop II 2010: Colletotrichum: Species, ecology and interactions → ... Colletotrichum.org. A website for the Colletotrichum research community. Menu. Skip to content *Home ... Novel peroxin, Fam1p of Colletotrichum orbiculare is essential for pathogenesis and associates with Woronin bodies ... Identification and characterization of candidate effector proteins secreted by the crucifer anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum ...
Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ...
About Colletotrichum higginsianum IMI 349063 (GCA_001672515) Colletotrichum higginsianum is a plant pathogen. ... Colletotrichum higginsianum IMI 349063 (GCA_001672515) (ASM167251v1) ▼ Favourite species. *Saccharomyces cerevisiae. * ...
... Abstract. Strawberry plants exposed to an ... Strawberry plants exposed to an avirulent isolate of Colletotrichum fragariae acquired strong resistance against a virulent ... avirulent isolate of Colletotrichum fragariae acquired strong resistance against a virulent strain of C. acutatum. Biochemical ...
Colletotrichum graminicola keratitis.pdf - Published Version Restricted to Registered users only Download (1MB) , Request a ... Five species of Colletotrichum have been reported to cause infections in humans, namely C. coccoides, C. crassipes, C. dematium ... Coelomycetous fungi; Colletotrichum graminicola; keratomycosis.. Subjects:. Medicine , KMC Manipal , Microbiology. Medicine , ... Peralam Yegneswaran, Prakash and Pai, Vijaya H and Bairy, Indira and Bhandary, Sulatha V (2010) Colletotrichum graminicola ...
The aim of this work was to evaluate the protective effect against the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum acutatum, the causal ... The aim of this work was to evaluate the protective effect against the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum acutatum, the causal ... Effect of natural and synthetic Brassinosteroids on strawberry immune response against Colletotrichum acutatum. Abstract. ...
Baroncelli, R., Sreenivasaprasad, S., Thon, M.R., Sukno, S. (2014) First report of apple bitter rot caused by Colletotrichum ... First report of apple bitter rot caused by Colletotrichum godetiae in the UK. ...
Aggressiveness profiling of the coffee pathogen Colletotrichum kahawae. Participants in the publication A. Vieira (Author) I. ... "Aggressiveness profiling of the coffee pathogen Colletotrichum kahawae" in Plant Pathology, vol. 68, pp. 358-368, 2019. 10.1111 ... Aggressiveness profiling of the coffee pathogen Colletotrichum kahawae. Plant Pathology, 68, 358-368. ISSN 0032-0862. eISSN . ... Aggressiveness profiling of the coffee pathogen Colletotrichum kahawae}, journal = {Plant Pathology}, year = 2019, pages = {358 ...
Nitrogenous Compounds in Common Bean Mexico 222 Cultivar Inoculated with Colletotrichum Lindemuthianum Race 23. Author:. ... Phaseolus vulgaris, beans, anthracnose, Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, plant pathogenic fungi, pathogenicity, signs and ...
Return to Article Details AKTIVITAS ANTIFUNGI ASAP CAIR DARI TANDAN KOSONG Elaeis guineensis Jacq.TERHADAP Colletotrichum sp. ( ...
T1 - Two mutations in β-tubulin 2 gene associated with thiophanate-methyl resistance in colletotrichum cereale isolates from ... Two mutations in β-tubulin 2 gene associated with thiophanate-methyl resistance in colletotrichum cereale isolates from ... title = "Two mutations in β-tubulin 2 gene associated with thiophanate-methyl resistance in colletotrichum cereale isolates ... Two mutations in β-tubulin 2 gene associated with thiophanate-methyl resistance in colletotrichum cereale isolates from ...
Unravelling Colletotrichum species associated with Camellia: employing ApMat and GS loci to resolve species in the C. ... Colletotrichum jiangxiense is shown to be phylogenetically closely related to the coffee berry pathogen C. kahawae subsp. ... Liu, F, Weir, B.S, Damm, U, Crous, P.W, Wang, Y, Liu, B, … Cai, L. (2015). Unravelling Colletotrichum species associated with ... "We investigated the phylogenetic diversity of 144 Colletotrichum isolates associated with symptomatic and asymptomatic tissues ...
In vitro tests showed that the three yeasts inhibited el growth of Colletotrichum spp. between 30-40%, except EM-1 isolate, ... Sin embargo, su producción es altamente afectada por la antracnosis causada por Colletotrichum spp., la cual, es generalmente ... However, its production is affected highly by anthracnose plant disease caused by Colletotrichum spp., which is usually treated ... contra tres especies de Colletotrichum (C. asianum, C. tamarilloi y C. theotrombicola) en S. betaceum. En las pruebas in vitro ...
Keywords : Colletotrichum lindemuthianum; Phaseolus vulgaris; integrated management; mineral nutrition. · abstract in ...
ANTHRACNOSE DISEASE IN STRAWBERRY (FRAGARIA X ANANASSA) CAUSED BY COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM AND COLLETOTRICHUM FRAGARIAE: AN ... ULTRASTRUCTURAL LOCALIZATION OF CHITIN IN FUNGUS COLLETOTRICHUM ACUTATUM IN STRAWBERRY (Abstract Only) (20-Nov-99) ...
Colletotrichum. lagenarium. 4 g/l. When attack symptoms occurred. High volume spraying ...
Fungisida sistemik yang bersifat protektif, kuratif, dan eradikatif berbentuk berbentuk pekatan suspensi berwarna abu-abu kecoklatan untuk mengendalikan penyakit jamur pada tanaman anggrek, apel, bawang daun, bawang merah, cabai, jagung, jarak pagar, jeruk, kacang hijau, kacang panjang, kacang tanah, kakao, karet, kedelai, krisan, kelapa sawit, mangga, melon, padi, pisang, semangka, strawberi, teh dan tomat.. ...
Colletotrichum capsici. 1 - 2 g/l. (400-600 l/ha). Penyemprotan volume tinggi ...
tomato) and anthracnose (Colletotrichum coccodes). Symptoms include black spots on the fruit; the size (less than 2 mm) ...
Biological Management of Mango Anthracnose Caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides 2019 [2] Report of Fungal Diseases of Mango ...
MORA, R.F., 197 3. Evaluación de fungicidas en la prevención de antracnosis, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz, del mango en ... Ensayo de fungicidas para previnir la antracnosis Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz, en mango. Agric. Tec. Mexico 2(41):479- ... Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. O experimento mostrou perfeita aceitação pelas cultivares aos níveis de temperatura e ... Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz) control. Fruits were not altered by treatments, resulting in very good anthracnosis ...
  • The enhanced protoplast transformation protocol resulted in 100- and 50-fold increases in the transformation efficiencies of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and C. magna , respectively. (usgs.gov)
  • The monoclonal antibody, UB25, recognises a glycoprotein specifically located at the biotrophic interface formed in the Colletotrichum lindemuthianum-bean interaction. (nih.gov)
  • Espesye sa uhong sakop sa division nga Ascomycota ang Colletotrichum lindemuthianum [3] . (wikipedia.org)
  • Ang Colletotrichum lindemuthianum sakop sa kahenera nga Colletotrichum sa kabanay nga Glomerellaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Twelve cowpea cultivars were screened for reactions to infection by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and C. truncatum, causal agents of anthracnose and brown blotch diseases, respectively. (iita.org)
  • Bean anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) is an important disease of common beans in Zambia, and in many tropical regions of the world. (ruforum.org)
  • The causal agent of (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) is a hyper-variable fungus with a high potential to overcome resistance genes. (ruforum.org)
  • Colletotrichum lindemuthianum é um dos principais patógenos do feijoeiro comum (Phaseolus vulgaris) em regiões tropicais. (ufv.br)
  • Based on the combined datasets, the 88 strains were identified as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, C. siamense, C. fructicola, C. truncatum, C. scovillei, and C. brevisporum, and one new species was detected, described as Colletotrichum sichuanensis. (nih.gov)
  • In addition, with the exception of C. truncatum, this is the first report of all of the other Colletotrichum species studied in pepper from Sichuan. (nih.gov)
  • Colletotrichum truncatum is a haploid, hemibiotrophic, ascomycete fungal pathogen that causes anthracnose disease on many economically important leguminous crops. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Morphological characteristics were consistent with Colletotrichum truncatum (Schwein. (usda.gov)
  • The most common pathogen that causes soybean anthracnose is Colletotrichum truncatum. (usda.gov)
  • Colletotrichum truncatum was the most commonly isolated species from infected chili fruit and was readily identified by its falcate spores and abundant setae in the necrotic lesions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Colletotrichum species causing anthracnose of chili in Asia were previously identified as C. acutatum (straight conidia with acute ends), C. gloeosporioides (straight conidia with obtuse ends) and C. truncatum (falcate conidia) (Than et al. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ex A.W. Hill] and sicklepod (Senna obtusifolia), and two pathogens, (Colletotrichum truncatum and Alternaria cassiae), that are bioherbicidal agents against hemp sesbania and sicklepod, respectively. (scirp.org)
  • We report here genome and transcriptome analyses of Colletotrichum higginsianum infecting Arabidopsis thaliana and Colletotrichum graminicola infecting maize. (nih.gov)
  • Colletotrichum graminicola is a hemibiotrophic fungal pathogen that causes maize anthracnose disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The fungus Colletotrichum graminicola Ces. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Five species of Colletotrichum have been reported to cause infections in humans, namely C. coccoides, C. crassipes, C. dematium, C. gloeosporioides and C. graminicola.They have been implicated in causing keratomycosis, subcutaneous and systemic infections.We herein report a patient with Colletotrichum graminicola keratitis which is the first from India and the second case worldwide. (manipal.edu)
  • There are various species come under genus Colletotrichum but only C . graminicola and C. higginsianum genomes were completely sequenced. (biotech-asia.org)
  • A Colletotrichum graminicola Mutant Deficient in the Establis" by Maria F. Torres, Noushin Ghaffari et al. (uky.edu)
  • and Vaillancourt, Lisa J., "A Colletotrichum graminicola Mutant Deficient in the Establishment of Biotrophy Reveals Early Transcriptional Events in the Maize Anthracnose Disease Interaction" (2016). (uky.edu)
  • As a result, the more severe oxidative damage of Colletotrichum higginsianum Sacc and higher antagonistic activity were induced by the smaller particle size of azoxystrobin microspheres. (mdpi.com)
  • The 50% lethal concentrations against Colletotrichum higginsianum Sacc of MS1, MS2, and MS3 were 2.0386 μg/mL, 12.7246 μg/mL, and 21.2905 μg/mL, respectively. (mdpi.com)
  • Like other vegetables, Brassica rapa pekinensis is subjected to damage caused by diseases, such as Colletotrichum higginsianum Sacc [ 8 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • We identified a hypomorphic allele of ChMOB2 in a random insertional mutant ( vir-88 ) of the hemibiotrophic ascomycete fungus Colletotrichum higginsianum . (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study shows that ChMob2 binds to the conserved NDR/LATS Kinase ChCbk1 and plays an important role in pathogenicity of Colletotrichum higginsianum on Arabidopsis thaliana . (biomedcentral.com)
  • After an initial biotrophic phase with bulbous primary hyphae, Colletotrichum higginsianum switches to a necrotrophic growth phase forming characteristic thin secondary hyphae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The ascomycete fungus Colletotrichum higginsianum causes anthracnose disease of brassica crops and the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. (ufv.br)
  • 1981). The following is a list of the reported pathogens from this genus (Colletotrichum) and the hosts they infect. (hawaii.edu)
  • Colletotrichum species are fungal pathogens that devastate crop plants worldwide. (nih.gov)
  • In this study, we cloned the CgPBS 2 gene, the key component of the Hog1 pathway which controls various aspects of osmoregulation and fungicide resistance in various fungal pathogens, including the causal agent of Colletotrichum leaf disease of rubber tree. (springer.com)
  • Colletotrichum acutatum sensu lato, one of the most economically damaging pathogens of strawberry, is the primary causal agent of anthracnose fruit rot (AFR). (iastate.edu)
  • Among the 11 known genera, Colletotrichum, Nattrassia and Phoma are medically important coelomycetous fungi encountered in clinical specimens.Colletotrichum species are predominantly plant pathogens causing anthracnoses. (manipal.edu)
  • 2017 ). Colletotrichum species causing anthracnose are particularly important as post-harvest pathogens of fruit and vegetable crops growing in tropical and subtropical climates (Alahakoon et al. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This thesis aims to identify species of Colletotrichum that are associated with anthracnose diseases on tropical crops, particularly coffee in Vietnam, and to characterise the populations of these pathogens. (slu.se)
  • Colletotrichum (sexual stage: Glomerella) is a genus of fungi that are symbionts to plants as endophytes (living within the plant) or phytopathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lifestyle transitions in plant pathogenic Colletotrichum fungi deciphered by genome and transcriptome analyses. (nih.gov)
  • Of those two diseases only one occurs on the UK fungi checklist, and that is Colletotrichum acutatum . (aphotofungi.com)
  • Isolation of antagonistic fungi against colletotrichum sp. (unimas.my)
  • Colletotrichum is one of the most important genera of plant pathogenic fungi with many of the 200 plus species known to cause disease in plant crops worldwide (Udayanga et al. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The genus Colletotrichum consists of many economically important pathogenic fungi on a broad range of host plants world-wide. (slu.se)
  • The objective of this study was to quantify the interaction Captan 50 ® - Trichoderma asperelleum T8a as synergistic alternative to control Colletotrichum gloeosporioides ATCC MYA 456, causal agent of anthracnose in mango. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Kubo Y, Takano Y (2013) Dynamics of infection-related morphogenesis and pathogenesis in Colletotrichum orbiculare . (springer.com)
  • Here, we report that cells of the cucumber anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum orbiculare undergo peroxisome degradation as they infect host plants. (plantcell.org)
  • The sequence matches with 100% similarity to the sequence of the Glomerella acutata teleomorph of Colletotrichum acutatum (GenBank Accession No. AB548282) and 100% similarity to C. simmondsii (GenBank Accession No. GU183359). (apsnet.org)
  • Glomerella leaf spot (GLS) , caused by Colletotrichum spp. (springer.com)
  • Casanova L, Hernández L, Martínez E, Velho AC, Rockenbach MF, Stadnik MJ, Mondino P (2017) First report of Glomerella leaf spot of apple caused by Colletotrichum fructicola in Uruguay. (springer.com)
  • Anthracnose (Glomerella cingulata, Colletotrichum spp. (gardenguides.com)
  • Several diseases have affected apple production, among them there is Glomerella leaf spot (GLS) caused by Colletotrichum spp. (embrapa.br)
  • Damm U, Cannon PF, Woudenberg JHC, Crous PW (2012a) The Colletotrichum acutatum species complex. (springer.com)
  • Molecular analyses of a large population of isolates, previously identified as group B or genetic group A4 of the Colletotrichum acutatum species complex, mainly of Italian origin from olive, but also from other hosts collected since 1992, confi rmed a well-resolved phylogenetic lineage with distinctive phenotypic characters which can be recognized as a separate species. (olivediseases.com)
  • In this study we aimed to identify Colletotrichum species associated with GLS from different apple-producing areas in Southern Brazil and assess their differential pathogenicity towards apple. (springer.com)
  • Identifying pathogenicity genes in the rubber tree anthracnose fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides through random insertional mutangenesis. (springer.com)
  • CgOpt1, a putative oligopeptide transporter from Colletotrichum gloeosporioides that is involved in responses to auxin and pathogenicity. (nextbio.com)
  • The result based on the molecular phylogenetic and the morphological and pathogenicity analyses, indicated that we had discovered a new species of Colletotrichum. (usda.gov)
  • As a result of the molecular phylogenetic, morphological and pathogenicity analyses, we hereby introduce the new Colletotrichum species as Colletotrichum maxi. (usda.gov)
  • Effect of Crude Leaf Extracts on Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz. (hindawi.com)
  • Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz. (hindawi.com)
  • Synergistic effect of Trichoderma asperelleum T8A and captan 50 ® against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz. (scielo.org.mx)
  • The first confirmation of the presence of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. (up.ac.za)
  • Effective fungicide applications and disease control programmes were developed for Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz. (up.ac.za)
  • Walnut anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz. (researchsquare.com)
  • walnut (Juglans regia L.), Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz. (researchsquare.com)
  • Regarding the commercial production of walnut in China, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz. (researchsquare.com)
  • Kalkman collected from regeneration wildings in natural forests and seedlings raised in nurseries were found to be consistently heavily infected with a leaf spot and shot-hole disease caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz. (ac.ke)
  • Anthracnose is a disease that affects plant species of different botanical families from hot and humid areas, caused by different species of the genus Colletotrichum . (scielo.org.mx)
  • CMU Intellectual Repository: Control of anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum musae on Curcuma alismatifolia Gagnep. (cmu.ac.th)
  • A 1.2 Mb minichromosome resolved by pulsed-field electrophoresis was present in two independent race 3 isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causing Type B anthracnose specifically on Stylosanthes guianensis cv. (nih.gov)
  • Twenty five isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides obtained from fruits of olive, apple and citrus trees from different regions of Golestan province, northern Iran. (olivediseases.com)
  • Freeman S, Katan T, Shabi E (1998) Characterization of Colletotrichum species responsible for anthracnose diseases of various fruits. (springer.com)
  • The characterization of Colletotrichum species was based on traditional morphological observation plus multi-gene sequence phylogenetic analyses. (usda.gov)
  • Examples are Alternaria, Colletotrichum, Trichoderma etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • The virulent isolates of Colletotrichum capsici and Alternaria alternata produced more cellulolytic enzymes viz. (plantprotection.pl)
  • Influence of culture filtrate of seed borne Colletotrichum dematium and Alternaria alternata on chilli seed germination. (plantprotection.pl)
  • Colletotrichum sublineola is an aggressive fungal pathogen that causes anthracnose in sorghum [ Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. (osti.gov)
  • article{osti_1313705, title = {Using genotyping by sequencing to map two novel anthracnose resistance Loci in Sorghum bicolor}, author = {Felderhoff, Terry J. and McIntyre, Lauren M. and Saballos, Ana and Vermerris, Wilfred}, abstractNote = {Colletotrichum sublineola is an aggressive fungal pathogen that causes anthracnose in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. (osti.gov)
  • Antifungal activity against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f. sp. (nih.gov)
  • Crown rot caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Cg) is a significant disease of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) in South-East Queensland, Australia. (qld.gov.au)
  • The overall objective of the present study was to determine the genetic architecture of anthracnose fruit rot (AFR) resistance caused by the fungus Colletotrichum acutatum in the University of Florida strawberry ( Fragaria × ananassa ) breeding germplasm. (org.vn)
  • Anthracnose, caused by the ascomycete fungus Colletotrichum cereale Manns sensu lato Crouch, Clarke & Hillman (2006) , is a destructive disease of Poa annua L. f. reptans [Hauskins] T. Koyama (annual bluegrass) putting green turf. (peerj.com)
  • The recent revisions of Colletotrichum taxonomy have been fantastic for stabilising and modernising our concepts of this important plant pathogen. (rhizobia.co.nz)
  • Colletotrichum jiangxiense is shown to be phylogenetically closely related to the coffee berry pathogen C. kahawae subsp. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Classification of Colletotrichum coccodes isolates into vegetative compatibility groups using infrared attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy and multivariate analysis. (bgu.ac.il)
  • In this study the potential of infrared (IR) spectroscopy for the classification of Colletotrichum coccodes ( C. coccodes ) isolates into vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs) was evaluated. (bgu.ac.il)
  • Gabriel MouraMascarinaJuan Humberto Guarín-MolinabSteven PaulArthursc Richard AlanHumberdRafael de AndradeMoraleClarice We report an endemic entomopathogenic fungus, known in Brazil as the 'salmão' fungus and identified here as Colletotrichum nymphaeae (Sordariomycetes: Glomerellales), infecting populations of citrus orthezia scale, Praelongorthezia praelonga. (maynoothuniversity.ie)
  • Anthracnose incited by Colletotrichum sublineola is the most important foliar disease of sorghum worldwide. (scialert.net)
  • However, the crop is hampered by a number of biotic stresses, including anthracnose incited by the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum sublineola Henn 1 , 2 . (scialert.net)
  • Colletotrichum sublineola reproduces asexually by producing acervuli, a fruiting body with cushion like structure containing enormous amounts of conidia. (scialert.net)
  • Here, we report that a gene involved in m7G modification of tRNA is required for infection by the phytopathogenic fungus Colletotrichum lagenarium. (nih.gov)
  • Colletotrichum gloeosporioides follows the hemibiotrophic mode of infection where, biotrophic and necrotrophic phases are sequentially occur. (biotech-asia.org)
  • Three different inoculation techniques were used: spraying a spore suspension on leaves of seedlings, injecting a spore suspension into stems, and wrapping wounded seedlings with inoculum meal of Colletotrichum spp was the best method of inoculation because it produced optimal conditions for infection and disease development. (iita.org)
  • Identification of Colletotrichum species associated with anthracnose disease of coffee in Vietnam. (slu.se)
  • A new anthracnose disease of pyrethrum caused by Colletotrichum tanaceti sp. (wiley.com)
  • Colletotrichum species can cause disease (e.g. in legumes, cotton, grasses (including cereals), and flax). (oup.com)
  • Colletotrichum leaf disease of Hever brasiliensis (rubber tree) caused by C. gloeosporioides is one of the major causes of declining rubber tree yields. (springer.com)
  • The anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum species is an important disease that primarily causes fruit rot in pepper. (nih.gov)
  • The fungus Colletotrichum cereale incites anthracnose disease on Poa annua (annual bluegrass) turfgrass. (peerj.com)
  • I have read of two species of Colletotrichum in the USA that cause similar symptoms of disease, in plants grown in the USA for domestic use. (aphotofungi.com)
  • Also, the review highlights the various pathogenic species of Colletotrichum spp, the causal agent of the disease, associated with the host crop in the country. (frontiersin.org)
  • Anthracnose fruit rot, caused by Colletotrichum acutatum , is an important disease for strawberry production worldwide. (ufl.edu)
  • Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is the causal agent of yam anthracnose disease in Nigeria. (cgiar.org)
  • Soybean anthracnose is caused by a number of species of Colletotrichum that as a group represent an important disease that results in significant economic losses. (usda.gov)
  • Studies on fruit rot and die-back disease of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) incited by Colletotrichum capsici (Syd. (plantprotection.pl)
  • This thesis provides better insights into the Colletotrichum populations that may play an important role for future disease management strategies in sustainable coffee production in Vietnam. (slu.se)
  • Role of toxin secretion by Colletotrichum capsici on the expression of leaf spot symptoms in Betelvine. (plantprotection.pl)
  • In Vietnam, C. gloeosporioides, C. actutatum, C. capsici, C. boninense and several Colletotrichum isolates of unknown species were found to be associated with infected coffee leaves, berries, roots and twigs in different coffee growing areas. (slu.se)
  • Other species of Colletotrichum , such as C. fragariae and C. gloeosporioides , cause anthracnose diseases of strawberry but are less frequently involved in fruit rot. (ufl.edu)
  • Eighty-eight strains representing seven species of Colletotrichum were obtained from rotten pepper fruits in Sichuan Province, China, and characterized according to morphology and the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) sequence. (nih.gov)
  • Sharma M, Kulshrestha S. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides: An anthracnose causing pathogen of fruits and vegetables. (biotech-asia.org)
  • Bioassay of culture filtrates of isolates of Colletotrichum dematium on seeds, seedlings and fruits of chilli. (plantprotection.pl)
  • A new pathogen of pyrethrum ( Tanacetum cinerariifolium ) causing anthracnose was described as Colletotrichum tanaceti based on morphological characteristics and a four-gene phylogeny consisting of rDNA-ITS, β-tubulin ( TUB2 ), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase ( GAPDH ) and actin ( ACT ) gene sequences. (wiley.com)
  • Alice: ITS-rDNA phylogeny of Colletotrichum spp. (embrapa.br)
  • Bragança CA, Damm U, Baroncelli R, Júnior NSM, Crous PW (2016) Species of the Colletotrichum acutatum complex associated with anthracnose diseases of fruit in Brazil. (springer.com)
  • Alice: Mixed inheritance in the genetic control of ramulosis (Colletotrichum gossypii var. (embrapa.br)
  • Genetic diversity in Colletotrichum gloeosporioides from Stylosanthes spp. (cgiar.org)
  • Using molecular markers, this work compares the genetic diversity in Colletotrichum gloeosporioides infecting species of the tropical forage legume Stylosanthes at the center of origin in Brazil and Colombia with that of Australia, China, and India, where Stylosanthes spp. (cgiar.org)
  • Colletotrichum siamense is reported for the first time causing anthracnose of Capsicum annuum in Indonesia and Sri Lanka. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Alaniz S, Hernández L, Mondino P (2015) Colletotrichum fructicola is the dominant and one of the most aggressive species causing bitter rot of apple in Uruguay. (springer.com)
  • Cisne CV, Velho AC, Rockenbach MF, Stadnik MJ (2017) Variação morfo-cultural e agressividade de Colletotrichum fructicola em um pomar de macieira em Fraiburgo-SC. (springer.com)
  • Colletotrichum acutatum is a pathogenic fungus causing bitter rot on fruit, including apple. (ishs.org)
  • To facilitate gene sequence IDs, Ulrike Damm and Ewald Groenewald at CBS in the Netherlands have added all of the data from recently published Colletotrichum papers to the Q-Bank website, There are DNA sequences and morphological data from 107 species of Colletotrichum . (rhizobia.co.nz)
  • Results of this study indicated that anthracnose in Tahiti lime and tamarillo are caused by Colletotrichun acutatum whereas symptoms on mango were induced by the species Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, which was also fund in few citrus samples. (scielo.org.co)
  • We evaluated an isolate of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides that causes leaf spots on Miconia spp. (usgs.gov)
  • Børve J, Stensvand A (2017) Colletotrichum acutatum occurs asymptomatically on apple leaves. (springer.com)
  • De Silva DD, Crous PW, Ades PK, Hyde KD, Taylor PW (2017) Life styles of Colletotrichum species and implications for plant biosecurity. (springer.com)
  • Several species of Colletotrichum cause anthracnose on coffee and other major crops, which are valuable trade commodities in Vietnam and Thailand. (slu.se)