Collective Bargaining: The process of negotiation between representatives of an employee organization, association or union, and representatives of the employer.Mass Behavior: Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Group Processes: The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.Cell Movement: The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.Animal Communication: Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.Motion: Physical motion, i.e., a change in position of a body or subject as a result of an external force. It is distinguished from MOVEMENT, a process resulting from biological activity.Literature, ModernModels, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Game Theory: Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.Nesting Behavior: Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.ArtDecision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Molecular Dynamics Simulation: A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.Lateral Line System: Aquatic vertebrate sensory system in fish and amphibians. It is composed of sense organs (canal organs and pit organs) containing neuromasts (MECHANORECEPTORS) that detect water displacement caused by moving objects.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Social Conditions: The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.Time-Lapse Imaging: Recording serial images of a process at regular intervals spaced out over a longer period of time than the time in which the recordings will be played back.Sociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Cell Migration Assays: Specific assays that measure the migration of cells. They are commonly used to measure the migration of immune cells in response to stimuli and the inhibition of immune cell migration by immunosuppressive factors.Strikes, Employee: Work-related situations in which the employees as a group refuse to work until certain conditions of employment are granted by the employer.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Salmoniformes: An order of fish comprising salmons, trouts, whitefish, graylings, and other families. They are both marine and freshwater fish, found in all oceans and are quite numerous in the Northern Hemisphere. (From Nelson: Fishes of the World)Stochastic Processes: Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.Cell Communication: Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Nursing, Team: Coordination of nursing services by various nursing care personnel under the leadership of a professional nurse. The team may consist of a professional nurse, nurses' aides, and the practical nurse.Cell Engineering: Methods and techniques used to modify or select cells and develop conditions for growing cells for biosynthetic production of molecules (METABOLIC ENGINEERING), for generation of tissue structures and organs in vitro (TISSUE ENGINEERING), or for other BIOENGINEERING research objectives.False Negative Reactions: Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Social Identification: The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Social Networking: Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Cell Polarity: Orientation of intracellular structures especially with respect to the apical and basolateral domains of the plasma membrane. Polarized cells must direct proteins from the Golgi apparatus to the appropriate domain since tight junctions prevent proteins from diffusing between the two domains.Group Structure: The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.Social Values: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Transgendered Persons: Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, and with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Starlings: The family Sturnidae, in the order PASSERIFORMES. The starling family also includes mynahs and oxpeckers.Zebrafish: An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.Cannibalism: Eating other individuals of one's own species.Confined Spaces: A space which has limited openings for entry and exit combined with unfavorable natural ventilation such as CAVES, refrigerators, deep tunnels, pipelines, sewers, silos, tanks, vats, mines, deep trenches or pits, vaults, manholes, chimneys, etc.Physical Processes: The forces and principles of action of matter and energy.Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Nonlinear Dynamics: The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cell Surface Extensions: Specialized structures of the cell that extend the cell membrane and project out from the cell surface.Smegmamorpha: Group of fish under the superorder Acanthopterygii, separate from the PERCIFORMES, which includes swamp eels, mullets, sticklebacks, seahorses, spiny eels, rainbowfishes, and KILLIFISHES. The name is derived from the six taxa which comprise the group. (From http://www.nanfa.org/articles/Elassoma/elassoma.htm, 8/4/2000)Quorum Sensing: A phenomenon where microorganisms communicate and coordinate their behavior by the accumulation of signaling molecules. A reaction occurs when a substance accumulates to a sufficient concentration. This is most commonly seen in bacteria.Negotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.Community Networks: Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Feminism: The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Crowdsourcing: Social media model for enabling public involvement and recruitment in participation. Use of social media to collect feedback and recruit volunteer subjects.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).New Brunswick: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NOVA SCOTIA; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Fredericton. It was named in honor of King George III, of the House of Hanover, also called Brunswick. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p828 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.Territoriality: Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Morphogenesis: The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.Cell Shape: The quality of surface form or outline of CELLS.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Sex Workers: People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.Epithelial Cells: Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.Cell Adhesion: Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Patient-Centered Care: Design of patient care wherein institutional resources and personnel are organized around patients rather than around specialized departments. (From Hospitals 1993 Feb 5;67(3):14)Integrin alphaVbeta3: An integrin that binds to a variety of plasma and extracellular matrix proteins containing the conserved RGD amino acid sequence and modulates cell adhesion. Integrin alphavbeta3 is highly expressed in OSTEOCLASTS where it may play role in BONE RESORPTION. It is also abundant in vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells, and in some tumor cells, where it is involved in angiogenesis and cell migration. Although often referred to as the vitronectin receptor there is more than one receptor for vitronectin (RECEPTORS, VITRONECTIN).Conflict (Psychology): The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Hydrodynamics: The motion of fluids, especially noncompressible liquids, under the influence of internal and external forces.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Physicochemical Processes: Physical reactions involved in the formation of or changes in the structure of atoms and molecules and their interactions.Oleanolic Acid: A pentacyclic triterpene that occurs widely in many PLANTS as the free acid or the aglycone for many SAPONINS. It is biosynthesized from lupane. It can rearrange to the isomer, ursolic acid, or be oxidized to taraxasterol and amyrin.Molecular Motor Proteins: Proteins that are involved in or cause CELL MOVEMENT such as the rotary structures (flagellar motor) or the structures whose movement is directed along cytoskeletal filaments (MYOSIN; KINESIN; and DYNEIN motor families).Resilience, Psychological: The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.Hierarchy, Social: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.Homing Behavior: Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).Adherens Junctions: Anchoring points where the CYTOSKELETON of neighboring cells are connected to each other. They are composed of specialized areas of the plasma membrane where bundles of the ACTIN CYTOSKELETON attach to the membrane through the transmembrane linkers, CADHERINS, which in turn attach through their extracellular domains to cadherins in the neighboring cell membranes. In sheets of cells, they form into adhesion belts (zonula adherens) that go all the way around a cell.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Anisotropy: A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.Entropy: The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Gastrulation: A process of complicated morphogenetic cell movements that reorganizes a bilayer embryo into one with three GERM LAYERS and specific orientation (dorsal/ventral; anterior/posterior). Gastrulation describes the germ layer development of a non-mammalian BLASTULA or that of a mammalian BLASTOCYST.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Microbial Interactions: The inter- and intra-relationships between various microorganisms. This can include both positive (like SYMBIOSIS) and negative (like ANTIBIOSIS) interactions. Examples include virus - bacteria and bacteria - bacteria.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Economic Recession: Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, www.nber.org/cycles.html, accessed 4/23/2009)Biological Clocks: The physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Bacterial Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.Dissent and Disputes: Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Anthropology, Cultural: It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Optical Tweezers: A technique that uses LASERS to trap, image, and manipulate small objects (biomolecules, supramolecular assembles, DENDRIMERS) in three dimensional space. (From Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechnology Terms, 4th ed.)Social Facilitation: Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Microfluidics: The study of fluid channels and chambers of tiny dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers and volumes of nanoliters or picoliters. This is of interest in biological MICROCIRCULATION and used in MICROCHEMISTRY and INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Wound Healing: Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.Intercellular Junctions: Direct contact of a cell with a neighboring cell. Most such junctions are too small to be resolved by light microscopy, but they can be visualized by conventional or freeze-fracture electron microscopy, both of which show that the interacting CELL MEMBRANE and often the underlying CYTOPLASM and the intervening EXTRACELLULAR SPACE are highly specialized in these regions. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p792)Consensus: General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.United StatesSilk: A continuous protein fiber consisting primarily of FIBROINS. It is synthesized by a variety of INSECTS and ARACHNIDS.Monte Carlo Method: In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Judgment: The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.Professional Autonomy: The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.Uncertainty: The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.ChicagoSystems Theory: Principles, models, and laws that apply to complex interrelationships and interdependencies of sets of linked components which form a functioning whole, a system. Any system may be composed of components which are systems in their own right (sub-systems), such as several organs within an individual organism.Myosin Type II: The subfamily of myosin proteins that are commonly found in muscle fibers. Myosin II is also involved a diverse array of cellular functions including cell division, transport within the GOLGI APPARATUS, and maintaining MICROVILLI structure.Embryonic Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Diffusion: The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.Nanostructures: Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Multilevel Analysis: The statistical manipulation of hierarchically and non-hierarchically nested data. It includes clustered data, such as a sample of subjects within a group of schools. Prevalent in the social, behavioral sciences, and biomedical sciences, both linear and nonlinear regression models are applied.BrazilHealth Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Leadership: The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Oscillometry: The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Safe Sex: Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.Normal Distribution: Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Prostitution: The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture: Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Los AngelesInternationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Principal Component Analysis: Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Neural Networks (Computer): A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Energy Transfer: The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.rac GTP-Binding Proteins: A sub-family of RHO GTP-BINDING PROTEINS that is involved in regulating the organization of cytoskeletal filaments. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.6.1.47.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.Embryo, Nonmammalian: The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.Body Patterning: The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Oligochaeta: A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Extracellular Matrix: A meshwork-like substance found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface. It promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure to which cells or cell lysates in culture dishes adhere.Organizational Innovation: Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Kinesin: A microtubule-associated mechanical adenosine triphosphatase, that uses the energy of ATP hydrolysis to move organelles along microtubules toward the plus end of the microtubule. The protein is found in squid axoplasm, optic lobes, and in bovine brain. Bovine kinesin is a heterotetramer composed of two heavy (120 kDa) and two light (62 kDa) chains. EC 3.6.1.-.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.

Bargaining health benefits in the workplace: an inside view. (1/14)

Before contract negotiations in 1999, the author served on an "issue-based" health benefits committee of faculty union representatives and university administrators. Although the committee solicited estimates from health insurers regarding the impact of higher copayments on monthly premiums, in subsequent negotiations, the projected cost savings did not lead to changes in coverage or copayments. The explanations offered are (1) national or regional employers may be reluctant to raise employees' health benefit copayments when labor markets are tight; (2) collective bargaining, particularly when other, nonmonetary issues are being bargained, may lead to results different from those from a strictly competitive model; and (3) employers with market power in the product market may shift these highest costs to consumers through higher prices.  (+info)

An evaluation of emergency room services during the New York City house officer strike. (2/14)

A chart audit of emergency services provided by attending staff during the New York City House Officers' strike is compared to an audit of work previously performed by house staff. The usual quality of services provided in this institution was maintained during the strike. However, deficiencies in quality noted in house staff charts, continued to be noted in the charts of attending staff. Failure to improve quality of medical records when trained staff substitute for trainees suggests that the central strike issue of poor working conditions contributes to low quality of care.  (+info)

Brazilian union actions for workers' health protection. (3/14)

CONTEXT: Many authors have emphasized the importance of worker strength through unionized organizations, in relation to the improvement of working procedures, and have reported on the decisiveness of labor movement actions in achieving modifications within the field of work and health. OBJECTIVE: To describe the ways in which Brazilian unions have tried to intervene in health-illness and work processes, identifying the existence of commonality in union actions in this field. TYPE OF STUDY: Qualitative study. SETTING: Postgraduate Program, Environmental Health Department, Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Union health advisers and directors were interviewed. Documents relating to union action towards protecting workers' health were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Unions articulate actions regarding workers' health of a technical and political nature that involve many aspects and high complexity. These have been divided into thematic categories for better analysis. DISCUSSION: Union actions regarding workers' health in Brazil are restricted to some unions, located mainly in the southern, southeastern and northeastern regions of the country. Nonetheless, the unions undertaking such actions represent many professions of great economic and political importance. CONCLUSIONS: The recent changes in health and safety at work regulations, recognition of professional diseases, creation of workers' health services and programs within the unified health system, and operational improvements in companies' specialized safety and occupational medicine services, all basically result from union action. There is commonality of union action in this field in its seeking of technical and political strengthening for all workers and their general and local representation. This has the objective of benefiting collective bargaining between employers and workers. Inter-institutional action on behalf of workers' rights guarantees and amplifies the improvement of health and working conditions.  (+info)

Effect of the new contract on GPs' working lives and perceptions of quality of care: a longitudinal survey. (4/14)

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The United Mine Workers of American and the recognition of occupational respiratory diseases, 1902-1968. (5/14)

This study examines the early efforts of the United Mine Workers of America to illuminate the problem of occupational respiratory diseases in the coal fields. The union used the hearings of the US Anthracite Coal Strike Commission of 1902-3 to draw public attention to "miners' asthma." In 1915, it began to agitate for the provision of workers' compensation benefits for victims of this disorder. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the union's Welfare and Retirement Fund disseminated information on advances in understanding chronic pulmonary diseases of mining. In particular, the miners' fund promoted the British conceptualization of a distinctive coal workers' pneumoconiosis. At the same time, the staff of the union health plan pressed the US Public Health Service and the Pennsylvania Department of Health to investigate the prevalence of occupational respiratory diseases among bituminous miners. Taken together, these endeavors contributed significantly to growing recognition of the severity and extent of this important public health problem and thus helped lay the foundation for the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969.  (+info)

Are physicians' strikes ever morally justifiable? A call for a return to tradition. (6/14)

Though physicians strike provides an opportunity to generate more knowledge about the process in which legitimacy of an organization can be restored, it meets with a great deal of resistance not only by the public but from within the medical profession. This paper critically examines the legitimacy of strike by medical doctors heretofore referred to as physicians. Though critically reflecting on strikes of physicians in general, the paper makes more emphasis on Africa where physician strikes are rampant. More importantly, the paper argues that strike implies a failure for everyone in the organization (including the strikers themselves), not only the responsible government or authority. This is because when a strike occurs, an organization/fraternity is subjected to questions, scrutiny and slander. It becomes difficult to decouple what is said, decided and done. Traditionally, all medical fraternities the world-over are committed to acting comfortably to external demands-guaranteeing the patients' lives and public health. By paying attention to external reactions, the medical fraternity adapts and learns what ought and should be done so that it is never again caught in the same messy. At the same time, the fraternity prepares itself for the future strikes. When the fraternity and those outside consider it is doing up to the external expectations, its lost legitimacy is restored. When legitimacy is restored, external pressure like once disturbed water returns to normal.  (+info)

Mobilising community collectivisation among female sex workers to promote STI service utilisation from the government healthcare system in Andhra Pradesh, India. (7/14)

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Risk reduction and perceived collective efficacy and community support among female sex workers in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, India: the importance of context. (8/14)

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Our findings show that FSWs who reported high collectivisation are significantly more likely than those who reported low levels of collectivisation to access STI treatment from government health facilities. These associations are not just a consequence of the presence of partnerships with government facilities for STI treatment, or of socio-demographic vulnerabilities, as the data suggest that FSWs from areas without partnerships with government health facilities also reported high attendance in government centres for STI treatment. Research is needed to explore why STI service utilisation from government health facilities is higher among FSWs who report or perceive higher levels of collectivisation than others. Previous evidence that a high degree of collectivisation and collective identity among FSWs lead to increased condom use and HIV risk reduction12 ,13 ,15 ,22-24 ,26 may be interpreted to suggest that FSWs have the ability and confidence to exercise their rights as citizens within the ...
We mainly study the initiation and management of small-scale irrigation facilities collective action in Northwest China. First, socio-economic heterogeneity imposes obstacles for initiating collective action in the form of attitude-behaviour paradox. We explore how to overcome this in order to make collective action successful. Social capital has been recognized as a key factor in the realisation of collective action. Then, we study the relationship between social capital components and farmers participative behaviour. Furthermore, economic heterogeneity would influence farmers motivation to participate in collective action. We examine whether relationships between social capital components and farmers willingness to cooperate in collective action is moderated by farmers income levels. Finally, we also study how contrasting effects of the group size exerts on trust and control mechanisms in achieving farmers participation degree and cooperative performance in commons governance. ...
ISLAMABAD, Jun 27 (APP): Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif expressing dissatisfaction over the state of government health facilities and abysmal quality of
Union leaders have called on their members to fight “with everything we’ve got” to bring down Theresa May’s government, as fears grow of a rise in “unofficial” industrial action aimed at damaging public services.
GPs look set to be balloted on their willingness to take industrial action and to hand in undated resignations within three months, after the LMC conference 2016 condemned the GP Forward View as an inadequate response to the crisis facing the profession.
Unite national officer for health Rachael Maskell said: "The government is picking the pockets of health workers by an average of £30-a-month in order to pay for pension changes which will see people having to work longer to get less.. "This disgraceful attack comes against a backdrop of pay freezes and the threat of regional pay in the public sector. In the face of continued attacks, health workers will be stepping up their campaign and looking to join other public sector workers in taking action on 10 May.". PCS national executive members this afternoon voted unanimously to strike.. It means the union will be involved in national industrial action across the civil service, health and education sectors; co-ordinated, targeted industrial action in employer groups and sectors; national and regional protests; and political lobbying.. PCS general secretary Mark Serwotka said: "The ongoing programme of industrial action with other unions we have agreed sends a clear message to government ministers ...
Advice for NTEU members taking protected industrial action. If you plan to take industrial action and are scheduled to teach from 27 June 2013 for the duration of the protected action, please make arrangements either directly or indirectly or through your Head of School to notify students in advance that the class will not take place.. Individual researchers should make their own arrangements either directly or indirectly to deal with possible absences that may affect their research work.. Any staff who do not perform their usual duties, including staff who cancel classes, will be considered to be taking industrial action, unless absent from duty on approved leave. Any staff member who engages in a stoppage of all work must notify the University to ensure payment is not made for the total duration of the work stoppage.. Adverse action. The Fair Work Act 2009 prohibits a person from taking adverse action against a person because that person takes part in, or proposed to take part in, an ...
Political marches are one of the most public and vocal means of engaging in collective action and can potentially build social movements by increasing the likelihood that bystanders become engaged with the social movement. Here, we conduct a trend study to test the impacts of two back-to-back highly visible large-scale climate change related marches on bystanders, targeting psychological drivers of collective action: efficacy beliefs, perceptions of others climate change activism and concerns, impressions of marchers, and behavioral intentions. Participants either completed a survey the day before the March for Science (n = 302) or several days after the Peoples Climate March, which occurred a week after the first march (n = 285). Results suggest that the marches were at least partially effective: bystanders (a) collective efficacy beliefs and (b) impressions of marchers improved after the march. In contrast, marches were ineffective in increasing perceptions of others engagement with concern about
Downloadable! Policies of devolving management of resources from the state to user groups are premised upon the assumption that users will organize and take on the necessary management tasks. While experience has shown that in many places users do so and are very capable, expansion of co-management programs beyond initial pilot sites often shows that this does not happen everywhere. Yet, much is at stake in this, with more widespread adoption of irrigation management transfers and other forms of community-based resource management. It is therefore important to move beyond isolated case studies to comparative analysis of the conditions for collective action. This paper identifies factors affecting organization of water users associations, and collective action by farmers in major canal irrigation systems in India, based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of a stratified sample of 48 minors in four irrigation systems (two each in Rajasthan and Karnataka). Using key variables suggested by the
Graham, Wendy J., Jacqueline S. Bell, and Colin H.W. Bullough. 2001. "Can skilled attendance at delivery reduce maternal mortality in developing countries?" In Safe Motherhood Strategies: A Review of the Evidence. Eds. VincentDe Brouwere and WimVan Lerberghe. Antwerp : ITG Press. Pp. 97-129 ...
Cancellations include all Bus Éireann buses in Cork, Galway, Limerick, Clare, Kerry and in the greater Dublin area, as well as several intercity routes. Services in Drogheda, Dundalk, Monaghan and Cavan were also expected to be disrupted, as well as cross-border coach services. It is the first major strike by public employees in several years, and follows a lengthy tussle over the pay of the companys workers as part of the coalition governments austerity program. Members of the National Bus and Rail Union (NBRU) today picketed depots, including the main bus terminal in Dublin, Busáras. Other staff, including members of other unions, were encouraged to refuse to pass picket lines, adding to disruptions. The strike centres on a row over new measures intended to implement savings of €5m. The company says it faces potential annual losses of €16m, and told unions earlier this week it is seeking annual cost savings of €20m, with €9m coming from payroll savings. Both sides had maintained ...
The Trade Union Reform and Employment Rights Act 1993 inserted s 235 A, into the Trade Union and Labor Relations. Act 1992, wherein it now provides a right to any individual who is deprived of goods and services because of unlawful industrial action to initiate court proceedings. … A strike (or industrial action less than a full stoppage of work) will be in ...
Members of the Irish Nurses and Midwives Organisation, (INMO) on the Oncology/Radiotherapy Ward at Cork University Hospital will commence industrial action in the form of a work to rule at 8.00a.m. on Wednesday, October 5, 2016. The dispute is in relation to on-going inadequate and unsafe nurse staffing levels on the ward. During the work to rule members will withdraw from clerical and support duties to focus on, and prioritise, direct nursing care.. The decision by INMO members to commence industrial action is based on their expert clinical knowledge and their concerns in relation to patient safety and their ability to provide safe care. The INMO has engaged with management on this issue on an on-going basis since December 2015 and highlighted members concerns which, to date, have not been adequately addressed. Management have reneged on commitments given at the Workplace Relations Commission in May and June, 2016.. Speaking today INMO Industrial Relations Officer, Mary Rose Carroll said: "Our ...
Daves explanation begs the question, for example, of why should it be that "product-driven" sectoral changes have not themselves been a cause of militancy? Furthermore, why have "new" industrial sectors such as call centres, information technology products and services, financial services, etc. not typically seen many strikes, even after having been in existence for many decades and in some cases, having seen successful unionisation drives (particularly following the 2000 Employment Relations Act)? It also gives us no way of explaining the behaviour of trade union leaderships which will restrain the actions of their members well within and very far from the limits of the law, even to the point of walking away from what should have been easy victories. The great example of this in recent years (in my opinion) was the slow and grim debacle that followed the 2011 pensions revolt. Another example is provided by the February-March 2018 UCU strikes over pensions, when the national leadership of that ...
In the Netherlands, it is possible for a representative entity to bring a "collective action" on an "opt-out basis" under article 3:305a of the Dutch…
In Malaysia, the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (3rd NHMS) in 2006 showed that the prevalence of T2DM for adults aged 30 years old and above had risen by almost 80% in the last decade to 14.9%1. In this population survey of those with diabetes, 73.5% attended government health facilities and 20% received treatment from private health facilities ...
By July 2008, the intervention contacted 83% of the estimated HR-MSM/TG population monthly and 16% were attending the STI clinic monthly. HR-MSM/TG exposed to the intervention were significantly more likely to use condom consistently with a regular male partner (adjusted OR 4.62, 95% CI 1.40 to 15.22). Consistent condom use with all types of male partners increased significantly in survey Round 2 compared with Round 1. The proportion of HR-MSM/TG who tested positive for HIV-1 antibodies was similar in both rounds (15.5% in Round 1 vs 17.3% in Round 2, p=0.52).. CONCLUSION ...
Was there a social revolution in Spain in 1936-39? In key industrial regions, and in Madrid, there was a resolute workers and popular resistance to Francos alzamiento during and immediately after 19 July 1936. Suddenly a mass movement was unleashed, of factory takeovers by workers and land collectivizations by agricultural workers and poor peasants. However, this elemental class movement coexisted with the hulk of the Republican Government, and supported it. Anarchists of the CNT-FAI, UGT trade unionists and the Marxists of the POUM (Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista) rushed to support (albeit critically) and even join the Popular Front coalition and the Generalitat in Catalonia. The Spanish Communist Party, until then relatively small, was extremely active in reviving the moribund Republic. The autonomous interests of the workers were subordinated to the needs of the democratic state. These needs momentarily coincided with the USSRs strategic needs. Just like the Italian and German ...
When Helen was four years old, the NKVD (fore-runners of the KGB) knocked on their door at three oclock in the morning and demanded they pack their bags within an hour and board a train headed for a labor camp (the Gulag). The government would confiscate their home and property as part of their collectivization program. The family was loaded into a boxcar along with other internally exiled families and sent to the Ural Mountains to work in a gold mine. Helen remembered the long trek from the train and through the snow to the labor camp. There, the family was assigned a small corner of a warehouse as their home, separated from others by a blanket hanging from the ceiling. Helens father appealed to the authorities to, at least, have them sent to an encampment where other extended family members were being exiled (their crimes being landowners and being associated, however minimally, with the Czar), to no avail. Later, the family escaped from the labor camp and made their way back to Rzhev and ...
Theres a famous story about the technical problems encountered by Soviet director Aleksandr Dovzhenko while shooting his 1930 film Earth, an admiring account of the effect of collectivization on the Russian peasantry. Working with non-professional actors, he was shooting a scene one day that showed the arrival of a tractor on a farm on the Russian steppe. Not getting the reaction shot of excitement he had hoped for from the peasants - the poor folk must have had less of a labour fetish than the party apparatchiks - he called in a clown from a local circus, whom the peasants were a great deal more taken with. Dovzhenko recorded their smiles and general pleasure and then spliced it with the shot of the tractor that had been left standing alone and forlorn far from the clowns showboating, forgotten by all. Left-wing cinema has changed greatly since the day of the early Soviet directors and, following 1989, is rarely subject to the strictures of the party or state line, a rare example these days ...
Part of this mass killing was genocide, as in the wholesale murder of hundreds of thousands of Don Cossacks in 1919, the intentional starving of about 5,000,000 Ukrainian peasants to death in 1932-33,2 or the deportation to mass death of 50,000 to 60,000 Estonians in 1949.. Part was mass murder, as of the wholesale extermination of perhaps 6,500,000 kulaks (in effect, the better off peasants and those resisting collectivization) from 1930 to 1937, the execution of perhaps a million Party members in the Great Terror of 1937-38, and the massacre of all Trotskyites in the forced labor camps.. ...
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There are growing fears of a strike by hundreds of thousands of public sector workers as three unions prepare to announce the results of ballots for industrial action.
Table 6. AICc multimodel selection results. Akaike weights and coefficients for five logistic regression models predicting CHANNEL distribution. The last two columns on the right provide model weighted average coefficients and relative variable importance measures for each variable (Burnham and Anderson 2002). The inequality model captured the largest Aikaike weight, and best explains the distribution of irrigation channels.. ...
Members of the Irish Nurses and Midwives Organisation (INMO) and SIPTU Nursing are to commence a ballot for industrial action next week.
Commuters are facing further disruption in the New Year after it emerged that Bus Eireann staff are to be balloted over potential industrial action.
Air France was forced to cancel around 20 per cent of its flights on Monday as pilots protested over plans to reform industrial action laws. The
Unite, Unison and GMB have suspended further industrial action, having threatened to stage a third one-day strike this week.. The unions welcomed the concessions by Cosla, announced after a meeting described by the local government employers body as "fruitful and productive".. The 3% offer would be backdated from 1 April this year. From next April, pay would rise by a further 2.5%. Disrupted services. Workers angered by the original offer of 2.5% over three years have already disrupted council services with two one-day strikes - one in July, which included an estimated 20,000 social care staff, and another in September. Union leaders said each walkout was supported by 150,000 members.. A spokesperson for Unison Scotland, which represents more than 100,000 council staff in the dispute, said branch representatives would discuss the latest offer at a local government conference on 10 October.. He refused to speculate on the outcome of the consultation. However, Alex McLuckie, senior organiser for ...
We have enormous enterprises in our country. Often they monopolize their regions, and so a strike or simply a large industrial action could freeze an entire industry. And if you organize such an action, you risk running into a brutal response. From the owners and from the authorities. But it happens that milder measures dont work. Then you need to choose: take a risk or keep your mouth shut.
Today the results of ballots on industrial action by campus unions will be known. Given the mood in higher education, agreement to action must be likely. Staff and students are profoundly disenchanted. Year after year the squeeze has continued. Students have seen their debts mounting as a deliberate result of Government policy to reduce the proportion of support provided by grants. Academics have seen their pay rates barely rising in line with inflation and this year it looks as if they will dip back to 1981s level in real terms. The employers offer at 1.5 per cent is below any expected level of inflation and real wages across the economy are up 3.5 per cent this year. Other comparable groups have not been similarly pegged back. Staff anger is fuelled by their being badly paid and the feeling that they are falling behind. But it is made worse by a developing fat cat phenomenon. Not, to be sure, very fat compared to other areas of public life but fattish and secretive with it, which always ...
It takes twice as long on average - over 28 hours - for Hyundai Motor Co to make a car in South Korea than in the United States, even though its domestic plants have far more workers for each production line. Add in high wages, frequent industrial action and outdated facilities, and Hyundais hourly
Dear Colleagues. JCU received advice last night, from Mr Michael McNally, NTEU Industrial Officer advising that the NTEU have suspended their ban on the recording and transmission of student results, effective immediately.. Any staff members, who engaged in this protected industrial action, are to transmit these results as soon as possible.. Staff members who anticipate delays in regards to the transmission of results should discuss this with their Head of School.. If you have any queries about this matter please contact Belinda Pope, Associate Director, Workplace Relations on 4781 4129 or at [email protected] ...
MINISTERS were faced with the prospect of angry emergency personnel taking industrial action as thousands turned out for a rally in Dublin against pay cuts.
Having only worked in large city trusts, my aim was to see how radiology services are adapted to suit the particular challenges and opportunities of a small population and a remote and island-based topography. Some of the differences in terrain were obvious from the outset: on my first day, a combination of sea fog and industrial action by ferry drivers prevented one of the sonography team from getting to work! Other differences became clearer as my placement progressed: for example, the highly efficient and well-thought-through communication system. Being so remote, NHS Orkney relies on good communication links with the outer Orkney islands and mainland Scotland, from regular teleconferences with remote island general practitioners and consultants in Aberdeen to the Scotland-wide picture archiving and communications system (PACS), by which radiologists in Aberdeen can report images from Orkney within a day ...
Striking South African platinum miners delivered much higher pay demands on Thursday and threatened to spread industrial action further, deepening a crisis that is becoming the biggest threat to the ruling ANC since the end of apartheid.
So - a bit about me. Im living in Sydney at the moment, having returned from some time overseas just under 2 years ago. Im a mature, single female, Im easy going and respectful of others privacy and have great rental and professional/personal references. I am an Australian Citizen of UK birth. I am sociable, happy to share a glass of wine, and the occasional meal, but Im not looking for a party house. If I do share (Im also looking for a granny flat style accommodation) then I prefer to only share with one or two others at the most. I love living near nature, so a city house is not what Im looking for.. I have two very well behaved pets - a cat called Kitwe (who is a very lazy neutered boy, sleeping most of the day and night away) and a beautiful (small) border collie called Mr Finn. Both are rescues and I actually brought Mr Finn back with me from South Africa (my cat is Australian and went with me to SA and came home again). They are both neutered and I keep them well groomed and clean. ...
The emergence of illiberal states within the European Union and NATO presents a challenge to Western collective action in an era of great power competition. This report analyzes the illiberal toolkit-a set of tools, tactics, and practices used by forces in power to roll back checks and balances.
New York Mayor Michael Bloombergs recent soda ban clearly stems from a longstanding nannying impulse. But as The Washington Examiners
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TOPEKA, Kan., Aug. 31, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Collective Brands Reports 2012 Second Quarter Financial Results. Same Store Sales Up 2.9%; Earnings Per Share...
La Fondazione Bonotto nasce per promuovere la Collezione Luigi Bonotto che dai primi anni Settanta ad oggi ha raccolto numerosissime testimonianze tra opere, documentazioni audio, video, manifesti, libri, riviste ed edizioni di artisti Fluxus e...
R&Co has arrived at Bixie - products specially designed and formulated by a collective forward-thinking, rule-bending hairstylists.
As governments seek to expand access to quality health care services, policy makers in many countries are confronting the problem of informal payments to medical personnel. The aim of this study was to help health planners in Albania understand informal payments occurring in government health facilities. Researchers used in-depth interviews and focus groups with 131 general public and provider informants in three districts. The results suggest that factors promoting informal payments in Albania include perceived low salaries of health staff; a belief that good health is worth any price; the desire to get better service; the fear of being denied treatment; and the tradition of giving a gift to express gratitude. Members of the general public also believe informal payments create uncertainties and anxiety during the care-seeking process, while providers perceive that informal payments harm their professional reputation, induce unnecessary medical interventions, and create discontinuity of care. ...
Joint Society of Occupational Medicine (SOM) and Royal Society of Medicine (RSM) meeting. Venue: 1 Wimpole Street, Marylebone, London W1G 0AE. This meeting presents a unique opportunity to hear from a range of experts from academia, clinical practice and policy makers providing a greater understanding of occupational respiratory disease.. In a recent report by Health and Safety Executive, occupational respiratory disease in the UK is currently estimated to result in approximately 12,000 deaths each year in the UK. Additionally, there are an estimated 14,000 new cases of breathing or lung problems caused or made worse by work in the UK each year. Worldwide, particularly in low and middle income countries, the population is much greater. The pathology, detection and prevention of occupational respiratory disease continues to evolve. Join us as we examine the recent developments and future directions on topics ranging from occupational asthma to construction workers health and the Australian ...
Members are being called to prepare for strike action on 4 December in an effort to force ColegauCymru (CC) to return to negotations as they have so far refused to negotiate over workoad until the separate dispute over pay is resolved.. Margaret Phelan, UCU Wales official, said It is hoped that the pay dispute can be resolved by the Welsh government funding pay parity with school teachers but we still need to maintain the pressure on CC to return to the negotiating table over workload. The timeline on industrial action over workload reflects the date for industrial action agreed with other unions over the joint pay dispute.. A special FE sector committee meeting on 17 November will decide on two more days of action to take place after 12 December if this remains necessary, to ensure that pay deductions happen in the January pay packet.. The ballot paper indicated that further action would be considered if the dispute hadnt been resolved by 21 December so decisions about further action would ...
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Head teachers vote overwhelmingly in favour of staging a ballot on whether to strike over plans to curb their pensions, at their conference in Brighton.
Downloadable! Since February 2003 a number of debtor countries have issued bonds with collective action clauses (CACs) under New York law - a development welcomed by the official sector as tangible progress towards more orderly crisis resolution. Not all of these countries, however, have opted for the same CAC voting threshold, raising concerns that lack of standardisation might undermine the wider adoption of CACs. In this paper, debtors optimal choice of CAC threshold is analysed using a theoretical model of grey-zone financial crisis, which allows for the interaction of liquidity problems with solvency problems. It finds that individual countries may wish to set different thresholds because of differing risk preferences and creditworthiness. Strongly risk-averse debtors put much greater weight on pay-offs during crisis periods than during non-crisis periods and are therefore more likely to choose lower CAC thresholds than less risk-averse debtors. The worse the creditworthiness of risk-averse
A new survey released released this week by the Pew Research Center's Internet and Life Project shed new light on the role of the Internet as a platform for collective action. A panel at the State of the Internet Conference discussed the findings, driving home the increasing integration of our online and offline lives.
Protest event analysis is an important method for the study of collective action and social movements and typically draws on traditional media reports as the data source. We introduce collective action from social media (CASM)-a system that uses convolutional neural networks on image data and recurrent neural networks with long short-term memory on text data in a two-stage classifier to identify social media posts about offline collective action. We implement CASM on Chinese social media data and identify more than 100,000 collective action events from 2010 to 2017 (CASM-China ...
Protest event analysis is an important method for the study of collective action and social movements and typically draws on traditional media reports as the data source. We introduce collective action from social media (CASM)-a system that uses convolutional neural networks on image data and recurrent neural networks with long short-term memory on text data in a two-stage classifier to identify social media posts about offline collective action. We implement CASM on Chinese social media data and identify more than 100,000 collective action events from 2010 to 2017 (CASM-China ...
Fujitsu faces a potential strike from workers after Unite union began an industrial action ballot on jobs, pay and pensions this week.. Unite, which represents 1,500 members at Fujitsu in the UK, said proposed pension scheme change would reduce the total pay package of each employee by about 20% each.. The union has served seven days notice to the IT services company of the ballot, which will begin on Monday (12 October). The ballot result is expected to be available at the end of the month.. Some 4,000 employees in the main defined benefit pension plan are being hit by the companys plans to close the scheme to future accrual. The company intends to force this through by dismissing employees after the end of the consultation period in October, and offering them employment on new contracts which are unchanged, except in relation to pensions.. In late August, Fujitsu announced proposals for 1,200 redundancies in the UK and has since put 6,000 people at risk of redundancy, amounting to 50% of its ...
The right to strike is recognised as a fundamental human right by the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the European Union.1 Most European countries enshrine the right to strike in their national constitutions.2 It has been argued that collective bargaining amounts to nothing more than "collective begging" for employees without the option to strike.3 This is because employees have no choice but to accept the final terms imposed by their employer. It has even been claimed that an individuals right to withdraw his or her labour is a feature that distinguishes employment from slavery.4. Industrial action by doctors is, however, complicated by their professional values and ethical framework. Most strikes are effective because they harm a neutral third party, who is then motivated to pressure the employer to accede to strike demands. Unfortunately, when doctors strike, this third party is often their patients.5 For many people, such behaviour is inconsistent with the over-riding duty of ...
That side was made for you and me.. Crazy Horse put it bluntly: "One does not sell the land on which people walk." Its that "does not" that makes his statement poignantly militant. Its a very different thing to say, "One should not." One does not: selling the land is unthinkable in any kind of human society that hasnt utterly lost its way.. But - of course one does sell the land; its the basis of the entire financial system of a modern economy. Secure, transparent rights to private ownership are seen as essential to economic development. In areas where land ownership is ambiguous, where fee-simple ownership intersects with traditional tenure systems, where deeds are inconsistently (or corruptly) registered, trade and development are severely hindered. It makes grownup sense.. Efforts to find something better than private ownership havent generally gone well. Farm collectivization in the Soviet Union, for the most gruesome example, was bitterly resisted by the peasants. After World War I, ...
Strike day. Thousands of furious workers are staging a mass walkout today to fight Government plans to savage their pensions. The strikes by around 750,000 teachers and civil servants will be the biggest day of industrial action since Margaret Thatcher was PM in the 1980s. Hard-pressed staff have already been hit by savage Coalition cutbacks and are incensed over proposals to hammer their pensions. Thousands of schools in England and Wales will be closed today while ports and airports will be disrupted. Driving centres, courts, job centres and even Downing Street will also be affected. Last night Dr Mary Bousted, general secretary of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers, said the Government was morally responsible for the strikes because it was trying to steamroller through unfair changes to pensions and had failed to negotiate. She added: "Deciding to strike is not a decision we take lightly. This is the first time ATL members will be involved in a national strike in our 127 years. - Daily ...
A task team has been established to assess the industrial action by nurses and to ensure swift action is taken where patients were affected, says the Gauteng health department.
Up to 1,000 schools will face administrative disruption from Friday as school secretaries begin a campaign of industrial action over pay and conditions.
NICEs report team admitted the "ready reckoner" was created because it could find no studies on the cost-effectiveness of managerial policies in this area despite an extensive literature search.. It recommended creating a national database on the effect of new activities, policies and organisational change on health and wellbeing including productivity and business outcomes.. The "ready reckoner" works by inputting the expected cost per head of an initiative (such as training of frontline managers) and it works out what reductions in absenteeism and turnover are needed to pay for the training costs. It can also be used to estimate the extent of improvement in staff satisfaction and productivity.. ...
This blog is your go-to place for the latest thinking on how to develop, engage and retain your talent.. Published by Saba Software, our blog is focused on providing HR professionals, business leaders, frontline managers and employees information and resources needed to support high performance, continuous learning and drive business impact.. Whether youre looking for tips on enhancing your talent management programs, advice from leading industry experts or thought-provoking articles that provide a fresh perspective on HR-related topics, youll find it all here.. ...
JUNIOR doctors have demanded concrete assurances from Tory health secretary Jeremy Hunt before considering re-entering negotiations.. Junior doctors are furious at the Tory governments attempts to impose a 90-hour working week on them and cut their pay by 30 per cent. They have called a demonstration for Saturday October 17th that will be bigger, better and louder than the last one on September 28th. It will start at Waterloo Place at 2.00pm, march to Parliament Square and finish at 6.00pm.. Chair of the British Medical Associations Junior Doctors Committee, Dr Johann Malawana, wrote to to health secretary Hunt on Monday demanding concrete assurances on the burning issues for junior doctors, anti-social working hours and pay. This follows on from a letter sent by Hunt to Dr Malawana on October 8th in which Hunt, fearing the junior doctors would proceed with their ballot for industrial action, began backpeddling.. In that letter Hunt claimed: I can give an absolute guarantee that ...
link Breakthrough in nurses dispute The Health Minister Lara Giddings says she hopes fresh negotiations with public hospital nurses will see an end to industrial action. The Australian Nursing Federation and the government have agreed to a two-week conciliation process through the Industrial Commission. Nurses agreed last night to suspend new action that would have…
So, its not the fact that your party are engaged in dismantling the National Health Service and privatising it wholesale, nor the shocking attacks on people with disabilities in the name of deficit reduction, nor the tripling of tuition fees by those who pledged to vote for no such thing, nor Goves plans to decimate local education authorities... but the fact that Ed Miliband wont break Labours links with a free and independent trade union if their members take a democratic decision on industrial action which turns your stomach, eh Nich? ...
Restaurant Industry has halved wages in 20 years Unite to support industrial actions at stores over the next month March 18 picked as Day of Protest Supports Sue Bradfords Bill to End Youth Rates Will consider a Citizens Initiated Referendum on $12 Minimum ...
Initially, the court accepts that the right to take collective actions must be recognised as a fundamental right which forms an integral part of the general principles of Community law, but that the exercise of that right may be subject to certain restrictions. In this case, the court points out that the right of trade unions of a Member State to take collective action by which undertakings established in other Member States may be forced into negotiations with the trade union in order to ascertain minimum wage and to sign a collective agreement (the terms of which go beyond the minimum protection guaranteed by Directive 96/71 concerning posting of workers) is liable to make it less attractive, or more difficult, for such undertakings to carry out construction work in Sweden, and therefore constitutes a restriction on the freedom to provide services. The court also pointed out that the action can not be justified by overriding reasons of public interest ...
A number of reasons have been suggested to explain why the structure of U.S. elections has resulted in a two-party system. Most of the blame has been placed on the process used to select its representatives. First, most elections at the state and national levels are winner-take-all: The candidate who receives the greatest overall number of votes wins. Winner-take-all elections with one representative elected for one geographic district allow voters to develop a personal relationship with "their" representative to the government. They know exactly whom to blame, or thank, for the actions of that government. But these elections also tend to limit the number of people who run for office. Otherwise-qualified candidates might not stand for election if they feel the incumbent or another candidate has an early advantage in the race. And since voters do not like to waste votes, third parties must convince voters they have a real chance of winning races before voters will take them seriously. This is a ...
Although organ donation conflicts with self-interest, because donation is vital to the community, interventions to increase it are ethically justified. AMA Journal of Ethics is a monthly bioethics journal published by the American Medical Association.
Social media has become globally ubiquitous, transforming how people are networked and mobilized. This forum explores research and applications of these new networked publics at individual, organizational, and societal levels. By using a gel mobility assay, we have shown that treatment of HeLa cells with 4-hydroxynonenal, a major product of the peroxidation of membrane lipids and an inducer of heat-shock proteins, has the same effect as heat shock in causing the appearance of a protein which binds to the sequence of DNA specific for the induction of heat-shock genes. Lipoperoxidation and heat exposure seem to share a common mechanism of specific gene activation. ...
Welcome to LiveCart Community Support (Questions & Answers), where you can ask questions and receive answers from other members of the community ...
Student, Family and Community Support Department (SFCSD) is privileged to support San Francisco youth and families, through building school capacity to address student needs, and working to achieve District-wide academic goals.
Because I do use it, I want to terminate my account on spice works. Who knows how to do it? | 2 replies | Spiceworks Community Support
I need to change my username because the current one belongs to another user .Current user: Raul PereiraNew: Icar... | 23 replies | Spiceworks Community Support
Henry Silva, Frank Sinatra. A police lieutenant leads a special team to battle organized crime in New York. Frustrated by the system, he and his partners g
Nagpur: The Maharashtra government day claimed that all is well on the swine flu front though it has officially admitted 83 deaths so far. Swine flu which broke out in Maharashtra is under control though some deaths have been reported, Maharashtra
Search for information about Dr. Narena Tembhekar, Radiologist in Maharashtra, Maharashtra. Get directions from the interactive map. Medindia has information on more than 207,000 doctors.
Tax Calculation Courses Maharashtra . Tax Calculation in Maharashtra, Find the right Tax Calculation in Maharashtra course in the right location on Emagisters fast and effective search engine. Extensive range of course types available, from short courses to postgraduate. Tax Calculation.
thumb|300px|right|Localizzazione dello stato indiano di Maharashtra Maharashtra [http://www.maharashtra.gov.in/] è il nome di uno stato nellOvest dellIndia. È secondo per numero di abitanti e terzo per superficie. Il suo territorio si estende dalla costa sul mare Arabico allinterno del Deccan presentando così una grande varietà climatica e geografica. È uno stato fortemente industrializzato soprattutto lungo lasse Bombay-Pune. Lagricoltura, condotta con il metodo dellirrigazione, è una voce importante nelleconomia dello stato. Le regioni settentrionali e orientali sono comunque ancora arretrate.
Apply to 16 New Manager Administrator Jobs in Tamil Nadu on Placement India - View thousands of Manager Administrator job opportunities for freshers and experience across Top Companies in India & worldwide
CEmONCs are changing the face of mother and child care in public health institutions in the southern state. According to S. Vijayakumar, Special Secretary to the Tamil Nadu Health and Family Welfare Department and Project Director of Tamil Nadu Health Systems Project (TNHSP), "Bridging the gaps in service delivery is crucial to saving the lives of mothers, newborns and the very young. You may set up a health centre in every village, you may have the best equipment in the district hospitals, but if you cannot make the essential services easily accessible and available within the golden hour (the critical time period that can save a life), all the efforts can go waste. A pregnant woman may be able to reach a Primary Health Centre (PHC) but the nurse may be missing, there may not be adequate blood availability, there may not be transport available to take her to a bigger hospital. These are the gaps that need to be urgently filled to save lives ...
Ciencia Fest15, Karpagam College of Engineering, February 28 2015, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Browse other events at Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore
Internet Bulletin about Wildlife Of Maharashtra, India. Information about national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, endangered species and habitat conservation in Maharashtra, India.
In America, we have this strong bias toward individual action. You know, we idolize the John Wayne hero who comes in to correct things with both guns blazing. But individual actions, individual dreams, are not sufficient. We must unite in collective action, build collective institutions and organizations. . . . Now we have to take this same language--these same values that are encouraged within our families--of looking out for one another, of sharing, of sacrificing for each other--and apply them to a larger society. Lets talk about creating a society, not just individual families, based on these values. Right now we have a society that talks about the irresponsibility of teens getting pregnant, not the irresponsibility of a society that fails to educate them to aspire for more. ...
Fosfofagia are collective actions based on light ingestion. The consumed substance travels around the body keeping its brightness, and remains inscribed with the trailing information once it is expelled from the body.. Fosfofagia is a telescopic project composed by a series of ten actions that adapt to the place where they are performed. So far five fosfofagia have been completed: Fosfofagia 00 (Santander) / Fosfofagia 01 (London) / Fosfofagia 02 (Barcelona) / Fosfofagia 03 (New Delhi) / Fosfofagia 04 (Bogotá).. In this case, food becomes a technology that functions as the channel of an experience. Fluorescent proteins from jellyfish, luminescent particles and edible structures turn into intermediary devices capable of creating its own temporary order. The situation generates an unusual social amalgam under the laws of a new ecosystem governed by collective hysteria. Food is just the strategy chosen by its desecrating potential and its capacity to inscribe organic surfaces.. Each action is ...
ASHV-15, Madanapalle Institute of Technology and Science, March 13-14 2015, Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh. Browse other events at Madanapalle Institute of Technology & Science
About 75% of the new diseases that have affected humans over the past 10 years have been caused by pathogens originating from an animal or from products of animal origin. Even though many of the zoonotic diseases have the means to spread over long distances and to become global problems, limited reliable qualitative and quantitative information on their burden is available at the moment. Cecilia Stroe, editor of IAHI, looks into those neglected zoonotic diseases which seem to have been almost forgotten, at least in terms of allocation of funding for research and collective action for control.. ...
A New York federal judge on Thursday granted conditional certification in a collective action accusing the New York Yankees Partnership and a catering company co-owned by the Yankees of failing to pay the caterer's waitstaff minimum wage, tips and other compensation.
When our theatres go dark at the end of the night, we turn on a "ghostlight"-offering visibility and safety for all who might enter. This is our theatrical tradition-and our inspiration. On Thursday night at 5:30p.m., theatrical communities across the country will join in the launch of The Ghostlight Project, a collective action of solidarity and a shared commitment to greater inclusion, participation and compassion in our theatres and in our communities.. ...
In the Philippines, despite concerns over the tragic consequences of Super Typhoon Yolanda, Philippine ZW activists persevered and conducted 2 actions. The first was a collective action collage that spells out: "Waste to Energy is Dirty Energy! Dont Burn our Future!" Photos of EcoWaste staff and members holding up phrases/words in front of a cement kiln in Bulacan province, the Payatas landfill and the Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources were taken to complete the sentence Waste to Energy is Dirty Energy! Photos of members/staff were again taken in front of national landmarks in Cebu City, Davao City and Manila to complete "Dont Burn our Future!" with Grade 1 children from the Kamuing Elementary school holding up the word "future". ...
I would like to apologize for being one of those people that waited until the last week to be involved with the wiki. We were warned against problems that could arise with this collective action, but from the start it seemed an inevitable outcome of the assignment. I surmise that this post is quite different from other last minute additions to this community website. It will serve to provide a forum for general feedback of the feasibility and functionality of this class tool and explore the reason that this activity was pushed off until this point of the semester.. I tend to be a relatively busy soul, and enjoy having activities to fill my day. Throughout my undergraduate career, I devised a system of priorities to ensure satisfaction with my progress. Accomplishing the task that I considered most important first, gives me a sense of motivation and urgency that often makes me work more efficiently. Since I have not yet gotten to the wiki post by employing this thought process, I might claim that ...
Co-Founder, 2007-present: UCSB Social Computing Group ,http://socialcomputing.ucsb.edu/, Co-founder (with Kevin Almeroth, Bruce Bimber, Jennifer Earl, Andrew Flanagin, James Frew, Miriam Metzger) of the UCSB Social Computing Group. Affiliated with the Transliteracies Project, the UCSB Center for Information and Technology (CITS), and the UCSB Credibility and Digital Media project, the Social Computing Group works on the new field of "social computing" that has emerged as a result of the increasing impact of social processes in the online documents of "Web 2.0." Particular topics of study include: social computing technologies, analytical and data-mining methods, information credibility (new socio-technological mechanisms of authority, quality, and trust), and collective action. The Social Computing Group organized a research workshop on May 30, 2008, involving extramural scholars, industry specialists, and others in the field. It is also writing grant proposals (including a NSF IGERT proposal) ...
Tumor development is a multi-step process driven by the collective action of gain-of-function mutations in oncogenes and loss-of-function alterations in tumor suppressor genes. The particular spectrum of mutations in a given cancer is rarely the result of random chance but instead derives from the intimate connections between proliferative networks and those suppressing growth and transformation. Specifically, hyper-active oncogenes directly engage tumor suppressor programs, such that cells harboring oncogenic lesions frequently must acquire secondary mutations that disable these anti-proliferative responses before progressing to overt transformation. This tight coupling represents a critical checkpoint protecting against tumor formation. Whether different cell types exhibit variability in the extent and/or timing of this oncogene-induced tumor suppression is largely unknown. The ability of oncogenic Ras to induce the tumor suppressive p1 9 Arf-p5.3 pathway and cause irreversible cell cycle ...
Bruno created a platform/network that enables the environmental citizenship and speeds conservation through collective action. Bruno goes beyond the traditional scheme of protection of the green areas, and promotes a citizens movement for its conservation. From a positive approach he develops a culture of affection and empathy in which people develop actions driven by love and not fear. ...
Were encouraged to see ourselves as competing individuals. But capitalism enables collective action that undermines those ideas
Static Data Jobs in Andhra Pradesh, India Jobs - India Jobs. All the jobs in India on one website. Search for your next job online now
Linking student test performance to teacher pay significantly improves learning outcomes for students in government schools in Andhra Pradesh, India.
This post is also available in: Finnish, Swedish. Trade unions for the Federation of Salaried Employees (Pardia), the Trade Union for the Public and Welfare Sectors (JHL) and the Public Sector Negotiating Commission (JUKO) have submitted notice on a spot strike to be held at the University of Helsinki. The strike will take effect on 28 February at midnight, ending 24 hours later. The objective of the strike is to put pressure on the employer in the negotiations on renewing the terms of the general collective agreement for universities.. As the Helsinki University Library is part of the University of Helsinki, the strike will affect its operations.. On the strike day, 28 February 2018, most Helsinki University Library facilities will be closed. Neither can the library guarantee uninterrupted service by phone or online.. The Helsinki University Library at Kaisa House, the Kumpula Campus Library and the Viikki Campus Library will be closed entirely.. On the strike day, the Learning Centres ...
Sustainable management of nature-based tourism sites is a pertinent issue in vulnerable Arctic environments. Arctic tourism operators often act collectively to protect their common interests of ensuring the sustainability of tourism sites. Nowadays, information and communication technology (ICT) is increasingly used to support these collaborative efforts, but the remoteness and risks associated with Arctic tourism operations challenge the success of such collective action. This study explores the use of ICT as a management tool for Arctic tourism sites to ensure their sustained quality. Drawing on a case study of an expedition cruise operators network in Svalbard, we explore how the use of ICT affects collective action and sustainable management of tourism sites. Our findings show that, through increased noticeability, the creation of artificial proximity and the development of new management practices, ICT can help to overcome the challenges for collective action that are posed by the Arctic
A 48-hour nationwide general strike against austerity measures and privatisations was launched on Tuesday, ahead of a parliamentary vote on the governments Medium-Term fiscal programme on Wednesday at the conclusion of an ongoing debate in the 300-member House and on the programmes Implementation Law on Thursday. Protest rallies will also be held in Athens, Thessaloniki and throughout the country on both days. The strike, called by the countrys two major umbrella federations GSEE and ADEDY, representing the private and public sectors respectively, is expected to bring transports and public services to a standstill. Athens will be without public transport on both days with the exception of the Athens Metro, which will run normally after train drivers decided to suspend their mobilisations in order to facilitate transportation to and from rallies and demonstrations. Air traffic will be disrupted as Air Traffic Controllers are taking part in the industrial action with four-hour work stoppages ...
How the mechanisation of domestic mining is causing a great damage to the environment in this village in the Ratnapura district.

This is one of fourteen stories in the DVD Narratives for the Future. Digital stories about the Millennium Development Goals, which were produced by members of rural and marginalised communities in Sri Lanka, India, Nepal and Bangladesh who participated in eight digital story telling workshops supported by UNESCO International Programme for Development of Communication (IPDC).
The New York Athletic Club is a private social club and athletic club in New York City. Founded in 1868, the club has approximately 8,600 members and two facilities: the City House located at 180 Central Park South in Manhattan and Travers Island in Westchester County. Membership in the club is by invitation only. The club offers many sports, including rowing, wrestling, boxing, judo, fencing, swimming, basketball, rugby union, soccer, tennis, handball, squash, snooker, lacrosse and water polo. The City House, located at 180 Central Park South, is a large, cavernous building built in the early twentieth century which offers panoramic views of Central Park. Designed by Charles W. Clinton, the 24-floor facility includes two restaurants, a cocktail lounge, library, ballroom, billiard room, meeting rooms, rooftop solarium, and eight floors of guest rooms for members and club guests. The athletic training floors include a swimming pool, basketball courts, boxing rings, a fencing and wrestling room, ...
Mumbai/Nagpur:The Maharashtra government has decided to provide medical tests for certain critical illnesses free of cost to poor patients admitted at its hospitals. "Medical tests for forty-four critical illnesses like cancer, thyroid, hormones will now be available free of cost for patients in government hospitals. The cost of such tests will be borne by the state government," an official communication from the state health ministry said on Friday.. Such a service is already available in 16 districts of Maharashtra. Now, it will be expanded across the state for the benefit of poor patients, said the release. Maharashtra government has tied up with private diagnostic centre to open atleast one laboratory in every district to carry out such tests for patients from government run hospitals ...
Bulgaria was founded as a state in 681 AD and in its development had gone through stages associated with large ups and downs. In modern epoch the third Bulgarian state was restored on July 1st 1878. (Berlin Peace Treaty), and on September 22nd 1908 Principality of Bulgaria was declared "an independent state". After the World War II Bulgaria fell under the influence of the Soviet Union and in 1946 Bulgaria became a Peoples Republic with one-party government (the Bulgarian Communist Party), having taken the Soviet model of planned economy with nationalization of the enterprises and collectivization of agriculture. Due to ongoing changes in the late Twentieth Century in the entire Eastern Europe and public pressure inside the country, Bulgaria began a political system transition from Communism and planned economy to Democracy and free market economy (in 1989). On April 2nd 2004 Bulgaria became a NATO member and on January 1st 2007 joined the European Union ...
The first part of this book deals with the methods used to define and study occupational respiratory diseases and includes an assessment of chest x-rays, pulmonary function data, and lung impairment. The second part of the book deals with specific classes of respiratory diseases, their definition, epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment. Specific topics in the second section are pneumoconioses (silicosis, acute silicosis, silicate pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, coal workers pneumoconiosis and exposure to other carbonaceous dusts, beryllium disease, pulmonary reactions to miscellaneous mineral dusts as well as man made mineral fibers and miscellaneous pneumoconioses), occupational asthma and rhinitis, hypersensitivity, chronic airways obstruction (chronic bronchitis and emphysema), byssinosis, effects of inhaled toxic agents (acute and chronic respiratory effects, and acute systemic effects of inhaled occupational agents), neoplasms (epidemiology of occupationally induced lung cancer, pathology of ...
As well as creating rights for "workers" who generally lack bargaining power in the market,[78] the Treaty on the Functioning ... collective investment funds, (v) money market securities, (vi) bonds, (vii) service credit, (viii) loans, (ix) sureties and ...
a b Mares, Isabela (2006). Taxation, Wage Bargaining, and Unemployment. *^ Silvia & Stolpe (2007) harvp error: no target: ... The Works Constitution Act of 1972 required in cases of collective dismissal at an establishment normally employing more than ... France withdrew from the collective military command structure of NATO in 1966.) ...
Their activity today centers on collective bargaining over wages, benefits, and working conditions for their membership, and on ... Employees can organize into trade or labor unions, which represent the work force to collectively bargain with the management ... Pluralist industrial relations: employment is a bargained exchange between stakeholders with some common and some competing ... economic interests and unequal bargaining power due to imperfect labor markets[33] ...
"2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from the original on February 27, ... "2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from the original on February 27, ... "2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from the original on February 27, ... "2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from the original on August 1, 2009 ...
"State Calls Eyler Bargain 'Extortion'". Daily Herald. January 9, 1991. Retrieved August 5, 2019.. ... collective affidavit-ruled Ditkowsky could not obtain access to the documents at the present date. As Eyler walked from this ... victims shortly after she had been appointed as his legal representative in November 1990 in an effort to obtain a plea bargain ... in both states had violated the Fourteenth Amendment and Eyler's civil rights by involving him in their collective ...
BIAS: Journal of Dress Practice, a journal published by the MA Fashion Studies Dress Practice Collective started in the spring ... as the bargaining agent for the faculty. As a result of a near strike in November 2005 on the part of the adjunct faculty, the ... Notable among these are The Theatre Collective, which stages numerous dramatic productions throughout the year, Students for a ...
Rejecting arguments that they violated employees' rights to collective bargaining, and that modestly-valued consumer claims ... Collective litigation is allowed under the Russian law since 2002. Basic criteria are, like in the US, numerosity, commonality ... Dutch law allows associations (verenigingen) and foundations (stichtingen) to bring a so-called collective action on behalf of ... The acting association or foundation may come to a collective settlement with the defendant. The settlement may also include - ...
Form feedback by students involved in such initiatives the responses have indicated that the healthy pressures of collective ... given that illiteracy limits their employment opportunities and worsens their intra-household bargaining position. Moreover, ...
"Whose democracy?: nationalism, religion, and the doctrine of collective rights in post-1989 Eastern Europe. Rowman & ... This is the result of an alleged political bargain:[73] Robert Fico promised to change the Slovak education law that would have ... "Whose democracy?: nationalism, religion, and the doctrine of collective rights in post-1989 Eastern Europe. Rowman & ... On 27 September 2007, the Slovak parliament rejected both principle of collective guilt and attempts to reopen post-war ...
... medical appointments in Jacksonville during the 2018 offseason that should have been optional under the collective bargaining ...
His secret bargaining chip is a nullentropy capsule containing cells carefully and covertly collected by the Tleilaxu for ... Jessica survives and shares minds with Ramallo, acquiring the older woman's life experiences and collective Other Memory, and ... Needing to grow a new ghola of himself, his only bargaining tool is the secret nullentropy capsule. It is noted that other ... The tube he thought of as his ultimate bargaining power. No one must know of it. ...
collective action (new perspectives). *collective bargaining. *collective choice experiments. *collective models of the ...
He did not want to be a part of the faculty collective bargaining group, so he decided to teach half-time. According to ...
The British imposed a collective punishment on the population of Tel Aviv, imposing a dawn to dusk curfew on the city roads and ... The following day, the Irgun succeeded in taking British hostages with which to bargain over the lives of its two fighters who ... On April 14, the authorities evicted 110 Jews from their homes in the Haifa neighborhood of Hadar HaCarmel as collective ... Faced with continued attacks, the British reacted with collective punishment and the death penalty in order to reassert ...
The Romans systematized law and applied their system across the Roman Empire. Again, the initial rules of Roman law regarded assaults as a matter of private compensation. The most significant Roman law concept involved dominion.[33] The pater familias owned all the family and its property (including slaves); the pater enforced matters involving interference with any property. The Commentaries of Gaius (written between 130 and 180 AD) on the Twelve Tables treated furtum (in modern parlance: "theft") as a tort. Similarly, assault and violent robbery involved trespass as to the pater's property (so, for example, the rape of a slave could become the subject of compensation to the pater as having trespassed on his "property"), and breach of such laws created a vinculum juris (an obligation of law) that only the payment of monetary compensation (modern "damages") could discharge. Similarly, the consolidated Teutonic laws of the Germanic tribes,[34] included a complex system of monetary compensations ...
Who fulfilleth His covenant better than Allah? Rejoice then in your bargain that ye have made, for that is the supreme triumph. ... and to collective punishment.[266] ...
Collective bargaining was ineffective in practice. In the public sector, the government set wages by decree, and unions were ... Most unions in the private sector collected dues from workers but did not succeed in engaging in collective bargaining on their ... The right to organize and bargain collectively[edit]. The law provides for the right of unions to conduct activities without ... collectively bargain, or strike, and companies reportedly did so during the year. The law requires unions to have prior consent ...
... collective market power. ... Bargaining power. *Imperfect competition. *Market concentration ...
PBM's can make confidential business agreements with pharmaceutical companies, which PBM's have called collective buying power ... that in some cases foreign governments drive such hard bargains to the point that they do not contribute to the cost of R&D, ...
... bargain, and argue with them,[72] and hope that through venerating them, practitioners will gain wisdom, understanding, power, ... Some practitioners explain this by asserting that the religion is intrinsically connected to the collective unconscious of this ...
The IDF stated that the arrested Hamas ministers "are not bargaining chips for the return of the soldier - it was simply an ... "an end to the wanton destruction and collective punishment being carried out by Israeli forces in the Gaza Strip." A statement ... a collective punishment against [the] Palestinian people and a humanitarian crime".[96] ... their offensive against the Gaza Strip have violated the principle of proportionality and are to be seen as forms of collective ...
... 's employees are mostly represented by collective bargaining agreements and many are represented by the United Food and ...
Under the new collective bargaining agreement, the Yankees received a compensatory pick because the Indians signed Swisher but ...
This is studied in the field of collective action and public choice theory. "Optimal welfare" usually takes on a Paretian norm ... Applications include a wide array of economic phenomena and approaches, such as auctions, bargaining, mergers & acquisitions ...
"NBA Salary Cap FAQ - 2011 Collective Bargaining Agreement". Retrieved April 13, 2014. If the player is already under contract ... Shea, Bill (June 5, 2011). "'Shocking' bargain: Gores pays $325 million for Pistons". Crain's Detroit Business. Retrieved ...
JEL: J5 - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining JEL: J50 - Geral. JEL: J51 - Trade unions: ... JEL: J52 - Dispute Resolution: Strikes, Arbitration, and Mediation; Collective bargaining. JEL: J53 - Labor-management ... JEL: D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making *JEL: D70 - Geral. *JEL: D71 - Social choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations ... JEL: P32 - Collectives; Communes; Agriculture. JEL: P33 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid. JEL: P34 - ...
"This, in turn, increases the likelihood of job creation in our state." A supporter of S.B. 5 which limits collective bargaining ...
Collective bargaining agreement. Lockouts. Television and radio coverage. Attendance figures. Category. 2018-19 season. ...
Other courts have held that employers cannot prohibit all smoking on their property if a ban violates a collective bargaining ...
... week lockout from March 11 to July 25 kept players away from their teams from March 11 to July 25 until a collective bargaining ...
Collective Bargaining * Union Contracts and Representative Contacts * Corrective Action * Employee Complaint Process ...
RELATING TO COLLECTIVE BARGAINING. HB920 RELATING TO SCHOOL BASED HEALTH SERVICES. HB921 HD2 SD2 RELATING TO EDUCATION. ...
Individual and collective bargaining under the N. I. R. A.; a statistical study of present practice, November, 1933.. (New York ... Individual and collective bargaining in public utilities and on railroads.. (New York : National Industrial Conference Board, ...
Source: Peoples Press Collective / Michelle Malkin]Hundreds of protesters gather on the steps of the Colorado State Capitol to ... and will no doubt force prosecutors to accept plea bargains "rather than risk disclosure of intelligence secrets." Obama Open[ ...
What is more contradictory than the ridiculous aspiring petty leader asking for the collective procedures and diversity to be ... of suicides of neo-desperate ex-bourgeois are being forgotten in the aftermath of lifestyle gossips in an endless TV bargain of ...
The Conservators of Isha breathed a collective sigh of relief, they loved their Plaguefather, but they knew that few could ... either out of lust for power or just making bad bargains with the gods for the sake of survival. ...
Attachment - NERI Paper on the Impact of Collective Bargaining on Pay in Northern Ireland ...
... who is forced to read to him as part of a plea bargain. The two begin a love affair forcing Moores character to choose between ... Collective Voices. *Crip Confessions. *DISLABELEDtv. *DREDF Disability & Media Alliance Project (D-MAP) ...
... and really couldnt have because no one knew the ramifications of the new collective bargaining agreement, which was signed in ... Ownership gave him that no trade deal-and Im not unsympathetic to Anthony since he bargained for it, got it and deserves to ...
It is found/fabricated best in a daily due diligence of collective discussion for all with honestly engaged individuals.. ... The captains of industry had been forced to bargain with their organized employees. President Roosevelt had forced them to make ... belief in the love of the Lord to shore up their collective gladness and joy at being beneficiaries of the Lords good graces. ... this country do massive and interesting things with green energy if we could get our federal politicians off their collective ...
Collective bargaining as viewed by unorganized engineers and scientists.. (Ann Arbor, Bureau of Industrial Relations, ... Manual on collective bargaining for professional employees.. (Washington, National Society of Professional Engineers, [c1947-) ... The impact of the professional engineering union : a study of collective bargaining among engineers and scientists and its ...
Defense attorneys and federal prosecutors renew discussions of a plea bargain that would spare Theodore "Ted" Kaczynski, the so ... "raise a gigantic fuss about the countrys collective refusal to do anything but shake its head and wipe its eye." [New York ... and prosecutors have refused to countenance any attempts at a plea bargain that would spare Kaczynski the death penalty (see ...
SE Wine Collective (5) * Seahawks upset Broncos in Superbowl (1) * Sean Bean the actor (1) ... bargain Pinot Noir (1) * Barrel 42 (1) * Barrel Blending Stations (1) * Bart Fawbush wine (1) ...
SE Wine Collective (5) * Seahawks upset Broncos in Superbowl (1) * Sean Bean the actor (1) ... bargain Pinot Noir (1) * Barrel 42 (1) * Barrel Blending Stations (1) * Bart Fawbush wine (1) ...
Generally, pay rates must be agreed upon directly with the employer through collective bargaining or other means of negotiating ...
Perish the thought that we ruin a dinner party when we could be arresting council house tenants whilst eating their bargain ... That concept is abhorrent to many conservatives, not least because of its implications for morality and taxation (collective ... That concept is abhorrent to many conservatives, not least because of its implications for morality and taxation (collective ...
collective@metamute.org Back office. [email protected] Review Copies Postal Address. Please email collective@metamute.org ... ill and probably racist into the bargain, is exactly the reverse: how well the modern Cockneys do in circumstances which their ... honour and humour they possess than so many of the middle and upper classes who despite lip service to collective values in ...
Can I get a collective cheer for new Gloss Spray colors? 1 day ago ...
Collective bargaining, for public employees? End Virginias Right-To-Work status? Good grief, were doing that now? ... At best, collective bargaining represents only a means to an end. Why not address the "end" directly? ... House Minority Leader Todd Gilbert, R-Shenandoah, told the Richmond Times-Dispatch that freeing up collective bargaining for ... HB582, her bill allowing public employees access to collective bargaining, had just passed. Richmond, Va., Thursday, Feb. 6, ...
Be careful you may drain the "collective intelligence" of this blog - I cannt find a funnier self praise as pathetic as this! ... Yet it is these same bargaining chips that are used by the US, with Israeli acquiescence, to prevent negotiations from starting ... Thus, Syria is quite rationally equipping itself with the bargaining chips to ensure a fair deal when the time comes. ... Answering Gibrans nonsense drain the collective intelligence of this blog and drag us deeper into typical Lebanese rats nest. ...
collective bargaining and higher education (1) * common sense (1) * community of scholars (1) ...
Collective Investment Scheme. Visual Dataflex Programming. Coin Based Water Dispenser System. Recovery Of Interblock ... youll be in a setting to conserve fairly an excellent bargain in research assistance. It is the only secret that could fix ... youll be in a position to conserve quite a fantastic bargain in research help. Despite of being a normal requirement, ... youll be in a position to conserve rather an excellent bargain in research help. ...
  • Motion for National Delegate Conference Conference is concerned that collective bargaining and pay determination agreements have been under sustained Tory-led attacks. (unison.org.uk)
  • For the purposes of access to employee exposure records and analyses using exposure or medical records, a recognized or certified collective bargaining agent shall be treated automatically as a designated representative without regard to written employee authorization. (osha.gov)
  • According to Brianna Carroll, a high-school social-science teacher in Livermore, California, and president of the teachers' union, bargaining had been slow-going, especially in recent weeks, when negotiators hit an impasse over class size. (theatlantic.com)
  • Essentially the central proposition is that the US dollar is in danger of imminent demise due to a widespread loss of confidence, and that treasuries will be dumped en masse within a year, leading to hyperinflation, by which Mr Lira means price spikes. (blogspot.com)
  • There are four key themes in its plans for the first round of bargaining that will start in the New Year. (epsu.org)