The process of negotiation between representatives of an employee organization, association or union, and representatives of the employer.
Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Physical motion, i.e., a change in position of a body or subject as a result of an external force. It is distinguished from MOVEMENT, a process resulting from biological activity.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.
Aquatic vertebrate sensory system in fish and amphibians. It is composed of sense organs (canal organs and pit organs) containing neuromasts (MECHANORECEPTORS) that detect water displacement caused by moving objects.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
Recording serial images of a process at regular intervals spaced out over a longer period of time than the time in which the recordings will be played back.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Specific assays that measure the migration of cells. They are commonly used to measure the migration of immune cells in response to stimuli and the inhibition of immune cell migration by immunosuppressive factors.
Work-related situations in which the employees as a group refuse to work until certain conditions of employment are granted by the employer.
Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.
An order of fish comprising salmons, trouts, whitefish, graylings, and other families. They are both marine and freshwater fish, found in all oceans and are quite numerous in the Northern Hemisphere. (From Nelson: Fishes of the World)
Processes that incorporate some element of randomness, used particularly to refer to a time series of random variables.
Any of several ways in which living cells of an organism communicate with one another, whether by direct contact between cells or by means of chemical signals carried by neurotransmitter substances, hormones, and cyclic AMP.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Coordination of nursing services by various nursing care personnel under the leadership of a professional nurse. The team may consist of a professional nurse, nurses' aides, and the practical nurse.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Methods and techniques used to modify or select cells and develop conditions for growing cells for biosynthetic production of molecules (METABOLIC ENGINEERING), for generation of tissue structures and organs in vitro (TISSUE ENGINEERING), or for other BIOENGINEERING research objectives.
Occasions to commemorate an event or occasions designated for a specific purpose.
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Orientation of intracellular structures especially with respect to the apical and basolateral domains of the plasma membrane. Polarized cells must direct proteins from the Golgi apparatus to the appropriate domain since tight junctions prevent proteins from diffusing between the two domains.
The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, and with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
The family Sturnidae, in the order PASSERIFORMES. The starling family also includes mynahs and oxpeckers.
An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.
Eating other individuals of one's own species.
A space which has limited openings for entry and exit combined with unfavorable natural ventilation such as CAVES, refrigerators, deep tunnels, pipelines, sewers, silos, tanks, vats, mines, deep trenches or pits, vaults, manholes, chimneys, etc.
The forces and principles of action of matter and energy.
A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.
The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Specialized structures of the cell that extend the cell membrane and project out from the cell surface.
Group of fish under the superorder Acanthopterygii, separate from the PERCIFORMES, which includes swamp eels, mullets, sticklebacks, seahorses, spiny eels, rainbowfishes, and KILLIFISHES. The name is derived from the six taxa which comprise the group. (From, 8/4/2000)
A phenomenon where microorganisms communicate and coordinate their behavior by the accumulation of signaling molecules. A reaction occurs when a substance accumulates to a sufficient concentration. This is most commonly seen in bacteria.
The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
Calcium-dependent cell adhesion proteins. They are important in the formation of ADHERENS JUNCTIONS between cells. Cadherins are classified by their distinct immunological and tissue specificities, either by letters (E- for epithelial, N- for neural, and P- for placental cadherins) or by numbers (cadherin-12 or N-cadherin 2 for brain-cadherin). Cadherins promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism as in the construction of tissues and of the whole animal body.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Social media model for enabling public involvement and recruitment in participation. Use of social media to collect feedback and recruit volunteer subjects.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NOVA SCOTIA; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Fredericton. It was named in honor of King George III, of the House of Hanover, also called Brunswick. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p828 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.
The quality of surface form or outline of CELLS.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
The internal individual struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs, drives, or external and internal demands. In group interactions, competitive or opposing action of incompatibles: antagonistic state or action (as of divergent ideas, interests, or persons). (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The motion of fluids, especially noncompressible liquids, under the influence of internal and external forces.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Physical reactions involved in the formation of or changes in the structure of atoms and molecules and their interactions.
The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.
Proteins that are involved in or cause CELL MOVEMENT such as the rotary structures (flagellar motor) or the structures whose movement is directed along cytoskeletal filaments (MYOSIN; KINESIN; and DYNEIN motor families).
The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.
Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
Anchoring points where the CYTOSKELETON of neighboring cells are connected to each other. They are composed of specialized areas of the plasma membrane where bundles of the ACTIN CYTOSKELETON attach to the membrane through the transmembrane linkers, CADHERINS, which in turn attach through their extracellular domains to cadherins in the neighboring cell membranes. In sheets of cells, they form into adhesion belts (zonula adherens) that go all the way around a cell.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.
The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A process of complicated morphogenetic cell movements that reorganizes a bilayer embryo into one with three GERM LAYERS and specific orientation (dorsal/ventral; anterior/posterior). Gastrulation describes the germ layer development of a non-mammalian BLASTULA or that of a mammalian BLASTOCYST.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
The inter- and intra-relationships between various microorganisms. This can include both positive (like SYMBIOSIS) and negative (like ANTIBIOSIS) interactions. Examples include virus - bacteria and bacteria - bacteria.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc,, accessed 4/23/2009)
The physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.
Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
A technique that uses LASERS to trap, image, and manipulate small objects (biomolecules, supramolecular assembles, DENDRIMERS) in three dimensional space. (From Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechnology Terms, 4th ed.)
Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
The study of fluid channels and chambers of tiny dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers and volumes of nanoliters or picoliters. This is of interest in biological MICROCIRCULATION and used in MICROCHEMISTRY and INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Direct contact of a cell with a neighboring cell. Most such junctions are too small to be resolved by light microscopy, but they can be visualized by conventional or freeze-fracture electron microscopy, both of which show that the interacting CELL MEMBRANE and often the underlying CYTOPLASM and the intervening EXTRACELLULAR SPACE are highly specialized in these regions. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p792)
General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.
A continuous protein fiber consisting primarily of FIBROINS. It is synthesized by a variety of INSECTS and ARACHNIDS.
In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
The quality or state of being independent and self-directing, especially in making decisions, enabling professionals to exercise judgment as they see fit during the performance of their jobs.
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Principles, models, and laws that apply to complex interrelationships and interdependencies of sets of linked components which form a functioning whole, a system. Any system may be composed of components which are systems in their own right (sub-systems), such as several organs within an individual organism.
The subfamily of myosin proteins that are commonly found in muscle fibers. Myosin II is also involved a diverse array of cellular functions including cell division, transport within the GOLGI APPARATUS, and maintaining MICROVILLI structure.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
The statistical manipulation of hierarchically and non-hierarchically nested data. It includes clustered data, such as a sample of subjects within a group of schools. Prevalent in the social, behavioral sciences, and biomedical sciences, both linear and nonlinear regression models are applied.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The function of directing or controlling the actions or attitudes of an individual or group with more or less willing acquiescence of the followers.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.
Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.
The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
A sub-family of RHO GTP-BINDING PROTEINS that is involved in regulating the organization of cytoskeletal filaments. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC
A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.
The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.
The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A meshwork-like substance found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface. It promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure to which cells or cell lysates in culture dishes adhere.
Introduction of changes which are new to the organization and are created by management.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
The status of health in urban populations.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.

Bargaining health benefits in the workplace: an inside view. (1/14)

Before contract negotiations in 1999, the author served on an "issue-based" health benefits committee of faculty union representatives and university administrators. Although the committee solicited estimates from health insurers regarding the impact of higher copayments on monthly premiums, in subsequent negotiations, the projected cost savings did not lead to changes in coverage or copayments. The explanations offered are (1) national or regional employers may be reluctant to raise employees' health benefit copayments when labor markets are tight; (2) collective bargaining, particularly when other, nonmonetary issues are being bargained, may lead to results different from those from a strictly competitive model; and (3) employers with market power in the product market may shift these highest costs to consumers through higher prices.  (+info)

An evaluation of emergency room services during the New York City house officer strike. (2/14)

A chart audit of emergency services provided by attending staff during the New York City House Officers' strike is compared to an audit of work previously performed by house staff. The usual quality of services provided in this institution was maintained during the strike. However, deficiencies in quality noted in house staff charts, continued to be noted in the charts of attending staff. Failure to improve quality of medical records when trained staff substitute for trainees suggests that the central strike issue of poor working conditions contributes to low quality of care.  (+info)

Brazilian union actions for workers' health protection. (3/14)

CONTEXT: Many authors have emphasized the importance of worker strength through unionized organizations, in relation to the improvement of working procedures, and have reported on the decisiveness of labor movement actions in achieving modifications within the field of work and health. OBJECTIVE: To describe the ways in which Brazilian unions have tried to intervene in health-illness and work processes, identifying the existence of commonality in union actions in this field. TYPE OF STUDY: Qualitative study. SETTING: Postgraduate Program, Environmental Health Department, Faculdade de Saude Publica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Union health advisers and directors were interviewed. Documents relating to union action towards protecting workers' health were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Unions articulate actions regarding workers' health of a technical and political nature that involve many aspects and high complexity. These have been divided into thematic categories for better analysis. DISCUSSION: Union actions regarding workers' health in Brazil are restricted to some unions, located mainly in the southern, southeastern and northeastern regions of the country. Nonetheless, the unions undertaking such actions represent many professions of great economic and political importance. CONCLUSIONS: The recent changes in health and safety at work regulations, recognition of professional diseases, creation of workers' health services and programs within the unified health system, and operational improvements in companies' specialized safety and occupational medicine services, all basically result from union action. There is commonality of union action in this field in its seeking of technical and political strengthening for all workers and their general and local representation. This has the objective of benefiting collective bargaining between employers and workers. Inter-institutional action on behalf of workers' rights guarantees and amplifies the improvement of health and working conditions.  (+info)

Effect of the new contract on GPs' working lives and perceptions of quality of care: a longitudinal survey. (4/14)


The United Mine Workers of American and the recognition of occupational respiratory diseases, 1902-1968. (5/14)

This study examines the early efforts of the United Mine Workers of America to illuminate the problem of occupational respiratory diseases in the coal fields. The union used the hearings of the US Anthracite Coal Strike Commission of 1902-3 to draw public attention to "miners' asthma." In 1915, it began to agitate for the provision of workers' compensation benefits for victims of this disorder. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the union's Welfare and Retirement Fund disseminated information on advances in understanding chronic pulmonary diseases of mining. In particular, the miners' fund promoted the British conceptualization of a distinctive coal workers' pneumoconiosis. At the same time, the staff of the union health plan pressed the US Public Health Service and the Pennsylvania Department of Health to investigate the prevalence of occupational respiratory diseases among bituminous miners. Taken together, these endeavors contributed significantly to growing recognition of the severity and extent of this important public health problem and thus helped lay the foundation for the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969.  (+info)

Are physicians' strikes ever morally justifiable? A call for a return to tradition. (6/14)

Though physicians strike provides an opportunity to generate more knowledge about the process in which legitimacy of an organization can be restored, it meets with a great deal of resistance not only by the public but from within the medical profession. This paper critically examines the legitimacy of strike by medical doctors heretofore referred to as physicians. Though critically reflecting on strikes of physicians in general, the paper makes more emphasis on Africa where physician strikes are rampant. More importantly, the paper argues that strike implies a failure for everyone in the organization (including the strikers themselves), not only the responsible government or authority. This is because when a strike occurs, an organization/fraternity is subjected to questions, scrutiny and slander. It becomes difficult to decouple what is said, decided and done. Traditionally, all medical fraternities the world-over are committed to acting comfortably to external demands-guaranteeing the patients' lives and public health. By paying attention to external reactions, the medical fraternity adapts and learns what ought and should be done so that it is never again caught in the same messy. At the same time, the fraternity prepares itself for the future strikes. When the fraternity and those outside consider it is doing up to the external expectations, its lost legitimacy is restored. When legitimacy is restored, external pressure like once disturbed water returns to normal.  (+info)

Mobilising community collectivisation among female sex workers to promote STI service utilisation from the government healthcare system in Andhra Pradesh, India. (7/14)


Risk reduction and perceived collective efficacy and community support among female sex workers in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, India: the importance of context. (8/14)


Our findings show that FSWs who reported high collectivisation are significantly more likely than those who reported low levels of collectivisation to access STI treatment from government health facilities. These associations are not just a consequence of the presence of partnerships with government facilities for STI treatment, or of socio-demographic vulnerabilities, as the data suggest that FSWs from areas without partnerships with government health facilities also reported high attendance in government centres for STI treatment. Research is needed to explore why STI service utilisation from government health facilities is higher among FSWs who report or perceive higher levels of collectivisation than others. Previous evidence that a high degree of collectivisation and collective identity among FSWs lead to increased condom use and HIV risk reduction12 ,13 ,15 ,22-24 ,26 may be interpreted to suggest that FSWs have the ability and confidence to exercise their rights as citizens within the ...
We mainly study the initiation and management of small-scale irrigation facilities collective action in Northwest China. First, socio-economic heterogeneity imposes obstacles for initiating collective action in the form of attitude-behaviour paradox. We explore how to overcome this in order to make collective action successful. Social capital has been recognized as a key factor in the realisation of collective action. Then, we study the relationship between social capital components and farmers participative behaviour. Furthermore, economic heterogeneity would influence farmers motivation to participate in collective action. We examine whether relationships between social capital components and farmers willingness to cooperate in collective action is moderated by farmers income levels. Finally, we also study how contrasting effects of the group size exerts on trust and control mechanisms in achieving farmers participation degree and cooperative performance in commons governance. ...
ISLAMABAD, Jun 27 (APP): Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif expressing dissatisfaction over the state of government health facilities and abysmal quality of
Union leaders have called on their members to fight “with everything we’ve got” to bring down Theresa May’s government, as fears grow of a rise in “unofficial” industrial action aimed at damaging public services.
GPs will be canvassed on their willingness to sign undated resignations and take industrial action following a passionate debate at the LMCs conference this morning.
GPs look set to be balloted on their willingness to take industrial action and to hand in undated resignations within three months, after the LMC conference 2016 condemned the GP Forward View as an inadequate response to the crisis facing the profession.
GPs will be canvassed on their willingness to sign undated resignations and take industrial action following a passionate debate at the LMCs conference this morning.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Exit, loyalty, and collective action among workers in a simulated business environment. T2 - Interactive effects of group identification and boundary permeability. AU - Blair, Irene V.. AU - Jost, John T.. PY - 2003/6. Y1 - 2003/6. N2 - Past research on the effects of boundary permeability and tokenism (open boundaries with restricted access) suggests that when options for individual mobility exist, members of low status groups tend to exit their group and attempt to enter higher status groups. We hypothesized that the effects of boundary permeability on preferences for individual vs. collective action would depend upon prior levels of in-group identification, such that people who are more identified with their group would remain loyal and choose collective action, even under conditions of high boundary permeability. To test this hypothesis, a 2 (High vs. Low Group Identification) × 2 (High vs. Low Permeability) experimental design was employed to assess preferences for exit and ...
Unite national officer for health Rachael Maskell said: The government is picking the pockets of health workers by an average of £30-a-month in order to pay for pension changes which will see people having to work longer to get less.. This disgraceful attack comes against a backdrop of pay freezes and the threat of regional pay in the public sector. In the face of continued attacks, health workers will be stepping up their campaign and looking to join other public sector workers in taking action on 10 May.. PCS national executive members this afternoon voted unanimously to strike.. It means the union will be involved in national industrial action across the civil service, health and education sectors; co-ordinated, targeted industrial action in employer groups and sectors; national and regional protests; and political lobbying.. PCS general secretary Mark Serwotka said: The ongoing programme of industrial action with other unions we have agreed sends a clear message to government ministers ...
Advice for NTEU members taking protected industrial action. If you plan to take industrial action and are scheduled to teach from 27 June 2013 for the duration of the protected action, please make arrangements either directly or indirectly or through your Head of School to notify students in advance that the class will not take place.. Individual researchers should make their own arrangements either directly or indirectly to deal with possible absences that may affect their research work.. Any staff who do not perform their usual duties, including staff who cancel classes, will be considered to be taking industrial action, unless absent from duty on approved leave. Any staff member who engages in a stoppage of all work must notify the University to ensure payment is not made for the total duration of the work stoppage.. Adverse action. The Fair Work Act 2009 prohibits a person from taking adverse action against a person because that person takes part in, or proposed to take part in, an ...
Political marches are one of the most public and vocal means of engaging in collective action and can potentially build social movements by increasing the likelihood that bystanders become engaged with the social movement. Here, we conduct a trend study to test the impacts of two back-to-back highly visible large-scale climate change related marches on bystanders, targeting psychological drivers of collective action: efficacy beliefs, perceptions of others climate change activism and concerns, impressions of marchers, and behavioral intentions. Participants either completed a survey the day before the March for Science (n = 302) or several days after the Peoples Climate March, which occurred a week after the first march (n = 285). Results suggest that the marches were at least partially effective: bystanders (a) collective efficacy beliefs and (b) impressions of marchers improved after the march. In contrast, marches were ineffective in increasing perceptions of others engagement with concern about
Downloadable! Policies of devolving management of resources from the state to user groups are premised upon the assumption that users will organize and take on the necessary management tasks. While experience has shown that in many places users do so and are very capable, expansion of co-management programs beyond initial pilot sites often shows that this does not happen everywhere. Yet, much is at stake in this, with more widespread adoption of irrigation management transfers and other forms of community-based resource management. It is therefore important to move beyond isolated case studies to comparative analysis of the conditions for collective action. This paper identifies factors affecting organization of water users associations, and collective action by farmers in major canal irrigation systems in India, based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of a stratified sample of 48 minors in four irrigation systems (two each in Rajasthan and Karnataka). Using key variables suggested by the
Graham, Wendy J., Jacqueline S. Bell, and Colin H.W. Bullough. 2001. Can skilled attendance at delivery reduce maternal mortality in developing countries? In Safe Motherhood Strategies: A Review of the Evidence. Eds. VincentDe Brouwere and WimVan Lerberghe. Antwerp : ITG Press. Pp. 97-129 ...
Cancellations include all Bus Éireann buses in Cork, Galway, Limerick, Clare, Kerry and in the greater Dublin area, as well as several intercity routes. Services in Drogheda, Dundalk, Monaghan and Cavan were also expected to be disrupted, as well as cross-border coach services. It is the first major strike by public employees in several years, and follows a lengthy tussle over the pay of the companys workers as part of the coalition governments austerity program. Members of the National Bus and Rail Union (NBRU) today picketed depots, including the main bus terminal in Dublin, Busáras. Other staff, including members of other unions, were encouraged to refuse to pass picket lines, adding to disruptions. The strike centres on a row over new measures intended to implement savings of €5m. The company says it faces potential annual losses of €16m, and told unions earlier this week it is seeking annual cost savings of €20m, with €9m coming from payroll savings. Both sides had maintained ...
Thatcher was committed to reducing the power of the trade unions but, unlike the Heath government, adopted a strategy of incremental change rather than a single Act. Several unions launched strikes in response, but these actions eventually collapsed. Gradually, Thatchers reforms reduced the power and influence of the unions. The changes were chiefly focused upon preventing the recurrence of the large-scale industrial actions of the 1970s, but were also intended to ensure that the consequences for the participants would be severe if any future action was taken. The reforms were also aimed, Thatcher claimed, to democratise the unions, and return power to the members. The most significant measures were to make secondary industrial action illegal, to force union leadership to first win a ballot of the union membership before calling a strike, and to abolish the closed shop. Further laws banned workplace ballots and imposed postal ballots. Coal miners were highly organised and had defeated Prime ...
Lecturers at the Moshood Abiola Polytechnic in Abeokuta, the Ogun state capital have suspended their three months industrial action which has paralyzed academic activities in the institution. Speaking to journalists on the development the chairman of the Academic Staff Union Of Polytechnics in the institution, Mr Kola Abiola, said the suspension became imperative in order to give room for further discussion with the state government on some grey areas of disagreement. The lecturers had embarked on an industrial action to press home their demands on some issues bothering on the relocation of the institution to Ipokia area of the state.. Today we had an emergency Congress after several appeals of eminent stakeholders within far and the state, the Congress, therefore, decided that we suspend the strike so that we will give the state government to find solutions in all the areas we have raised issues.. If you look at our communiqué that are available to you, you will find out that all of them ...
The Trade Union Reform and Employment Rights Act 1993 inserted s 235 A, into the Trade Union and Labor Relations. Act 1992, wherein it now provides a right to any individual who is deprived of goods and services because of unlawful industrial action to initiate court proceedings. … A strike (or industrial action less than a full stoppage of work) will be in ...
Members of the Irish Nurses and Midwives Organisation, (INMO) on the Oncology/Radiotherapy Ward at Cork University Hospital will commence industrial action in the form of a work to rule at 8.00a.m. on Wednesday, October 5, 2016. The dispute is in relation to on-going inadequate and unsafe nurse staffing levels on the ward. During the work to rule members will withdraw from clerical and support duties to focus on, and prioritise, direct nursing care.. The decision by INMO members to commence industrial action is based on their expert clinical knowledge and their concerns in relation to patient safety and their ability to provide safe care. The INMO has engaged with management on this issue on an on-going basis since December 2015 and highlighted members concerns which, to date, have not been adequately addressed. Management have reneged on commitments given at the Workplace Relations Commission in May and June, 2016.. Speaking today INMO Industrial Relations Officer, Mary Rose Carroll said: Our ...
Daves explanation begs the question, for example, of why should it be that product-driven sectoral changes have not themselves been a cause of militancy? Furthermore, why have new industrial sectors such as call centres, information technology products and services, financial services, etc. not typically seen many strikes, even after having been in existence for many decades and in some cases, having seen successful unionisation drives (particularly following the 2000 Employment Relations Act)? It also gives us no way of explaining the behaviour of trade union leaderships which will restrain the actions of their members well within and very far from the limits of the law, even to the point of walking away from what should have been easy victories. The great example of this in recent years (in my opinion) was the slow and grim debacle that followed the 2011 pensions revolt. Another example is provided by the February-March 2018 UCU strikes over pensions, when the national leadership of that ...
In the Netherlands, it is possible for a representative entity to bring a "collective action" on an "opt-out basis" under article 3:305a of the Dutch…
Next, collective efficacy was added as a predictor in the level 3 model (Table 4, model 2). The analysis built in a correction for errors of measurement in this predictor (30). We found collective efficacy to be negatively related to violence (t = −5.95), net of all other effects, and to correspond to a standardized coefficient of −0.45. Hence, after social composition was controlled, collective efficacy was strongly negatively associated with violence. Moreover, the coefficients for social composition were substantially smaller than they had been without a control for collective efficacy. The coefficient for concentrated disadvantage, although still statistically significant, was 0.171 (as compared with 0.277). The difference between these coefficients (0.277 − 0.171 = 0.106) was significant (t = 5.30). Similarly, the coefficients for immigrant concentration and for residential stability were also significantly reduced: The coefficient for immigrant concentration, originally 0.041, was ...
In Malaysia, the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (3rd NHMS) in 2006 showed that the prevalence of T2DM for adults aged 30 years old and above had risen by almost 80% in the last decade to 14.9%1. In this population survey of those with diabetes, 73.5% attended government health facilities and 20% received treatment from private health facilities ...
By July 2008, the intervention contacted 83% of the estimated HR-MSM/TG population monthly and 16% were attending the STI clinic monthly. HR-MSM/TG exposed to the intervention were significantly more likely to use condom consistently with a regular male partner (adjusted OR 4.62, 95% CI 1.40 to 15.22). Consistent condom use with all types of male partners increased significantly in survey Round 2 compared with Round 1. The proportion of HR-MSM/TG who tested positive for HIV-1 antibodies was similar in both rounds (15.5% in Round 1 vs 17.3% in Round 2, p=0.52).. CONCLUSION ...
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Was there a social revolution in Spain in 1936-39? In key industrial regions, and in Madrid, there was a resolute workers and popular resistance to Francos alzamiento during and immediately after 19 July 1936. Suddenly a mass movement was unleashed, of factory takeovers by workers and land collectivizations by agricultural workers and poor peasants. However, this elemental class movement coexisted with the hulk of the Republican Government, and supported it. Anarchists of the CNT-FAI, UGT trade unionists and the Marxists of the POUM (Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista) rushed to support (albeit critically) and even join the Popular Front coalition and the Generalitat in Catalonia. The Spanish Communist Party, until then relatively small, was extremely active in reviving the moribund Republic. The autonomous interests of the workers were subordinated to the needs of the democratic state. These needs momentarily coincided with the USSRs strategic needs. Just like the Italian and German ...
When Helen was four years old, the NKVD (fore-runners of the KGB) knocked on their door at three oclock in the morning and demanded they pack their bags within an hour and board a train headed for a labor camp (the Gulag). The government would confiscate their home and property as part of their collectivization program. The family was loaded into a boxcar along with other internally exiled families and sent to the Ural Mountains to work in a gold mine. Helen remembered the long trek from the train and through the snow to the labor camp. There, the family was assigned a small corner of a warehouse as their home, separated from others by a blanket hanging from the ceiling. Helens father appealed to the authorities to, at least, have them sent to an encampment where other extended family members were being exiled (their crimes being landowners and being associated, however minimally, with the Czar), to no avail. Later, the family escaped from the labor camp and made their way back to Rzhev and ...
Theres a famous story about the technical problems encountered by Soviet director Aleksandr Dovzhenko while shooting his 1930 film Earth, an admiring account of the effect of collectivization on the Russian peasantry. Working with non-professional actors, he was shooting a scene one day that showed the arrival of a tractor on a farm on the Russian steppe. Not getting the reaction shot of excitement he had hoped for from the peasants - the poor folk must have had less of a labour fetish than the party apparatchiks - he called in a clown from a local circus, whom the peasants were a great deal more taken with. Dovzhenko recorded their smiles and general pleasure and then spliced it with the shot of the tractor that had been left standing alone and forlorn far from the clowns showboating, forgotten by all. Left-wing cinema has changed greatly since the day of the early Soviet directors and, following 1989, is rarely subject to the strictures of the party or state line, a rare example these days ...
Part of this mass killing was genocide, as in the wholesale murder of hundreds of thousands of Don Cossacks in 1919, the intentional starving of about 5,000,000 Ukrainian peasants to death in 1932-33,2 or the deportation to mass death of 50,000 to 60,000 Estonians in 1949.. Part was mass murder, as of the wholesale extermination of perhaps 6,500,000 kulaks (in effect, the better off peasants and those resisting collectivization) from 1930 to 1937, the execution of perhaps a million Party members in the Great Terror of 1937-38, and the massacre of all Trotskyites in the forced labor camps.. ...
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There are growing fears of a strike by hundreds of thousands of public sector workers as three unions prepare to announce the results of ballots for industrial action.
Occupational respiratory disease is any lung condition you get at work. It occurs because of repeated exposure to certain toxins. Learn more here.
The Public and Commercial Services union (PCS) has warned the government it will consider strike action if offices are not made Covid-secure before workers are forced to return to them.. Responding to government plans to get 80% of civil servants back at their desks by the end of September, the union set out five tests of Covid-security that employers must meet.. PCS General Secretary Mark Serwotka said: If the government or any employer starts forcing people back to work and we believe that it is not safe to do so we will firstly consider our legal options, secondly give individual legal advice, and thirdly consider whether a collective response is required.. As a last resort, if you have no other option and peoples health and safety is at risk, of course we would be prepared to consider industrial action.. The union, which does not believe it is currently safe to return to work, asked the government to provide assurance that staff safety remains of paramount concern. It demanded meetings ...
Table 6. AICc multimodel selection results. Akaike weights and coefficients for five logistic regression models predicting CHANNEL distribution. The last two columns on the right provide model weighted average coefficients and relative variable importance measures for each variable (Burnham and Anderson 2002). The inequality model captured the largest Aikaike weight, and best explains the distribution of irrigation channels.. ...
Members of the Irish Nurses and Midwives Organisation (INMO) and SIPTU Nursing are to commence a ballot for industrial action next week.
Commuters are facing further disruption in the New Year after it emerged that Bus Eireann staff are to be balloted over potential industrial action.
Air France was forced to cancel around 20 per cent of its flights on Monday as pilots protested over plans to reform industrial action laws. The
Unite, Unison and GMB have suspended further industrial action, having threatened to stage a third one-day strike this week.. The unions welcomed the concessions by Cosla, announced after a meeting described by the local government employers body as fruitful and productive.. The 3% offer would be backdated from 1 April this year. From next April, pay would rise by a further 2.5%. Disrupted services. Workers angered by the original offer of 2.5% over three years have already disrupted council services with two one-day strikes - one in July, which included an estimated 20,000 social care staff, and another in September. Union leaders said each walkout was supported by 150,000 members.. A spokesperson for Unison Scotland, which represents more than 100,000 council staff in the dispute, said branch representatives would discuss the latest offer at a local government conference on 10 October.. He refused to speculate on the outcome of the consultation. However, Alex McLuckie, senior organiser for ...
We have enormous enterprises in our country. Often they monopolize their regions, and so a strike or simply a large industrial action could freeze an entire industry. And if you organize such an action, you risk running into a brutal response. From the owners and from the authorities. But it happens that milder measures dont work. Then you need to choose: take a risk or keep your mouth shut.
Today the results of ballots on industrial action by campus unions will be known. Given the mood in higher education, agreement to action must be likely. Staff and students are profoundly disenchanted. Year after year the squeeze has continued. Students have seen their debts mounting as a deliberate result of Government policy to reduce the proportion of support provided by grants. Academics have seen their pay rates barely rising in line with inflation and this year it looks as if they will dip back to 1981s level in real terms. The employers offer at 1.5 per cent is below any expected level of inflation and real wages across the economy are up 3.5 per cent this year. Other comparable groups have not been similarly pegged back. Staff anger is fuelled by their being badly paid and the feeling that they are falling behind. But it is made worse by a developing fat cat phenomenon. Not, to be sure, very fat compared to other areas of public life but fattish and secretive with it, which always ...
It takes twice as long on average - over 28 hours - for Hyundai Motor Co to make a car in South Korea than in the United States, even though its domestic plants have far more workers for each production line. Add in high wages, frequent industrial action and outdated facilities, and Hyundais hourly
Dear Colleagues. JCU received advice last night, from Mr Michael McNally, NTEU Industrial Officer advising that the NTEU have suspended their ban on the recording and transmission of student results, effective immediately.. Any staff members, who engaged in this protected industrial action, are to transmit these results as soon as possible.. Staff members who anticipate delays in regards to the transmission of results should discuss this with their Head of School.. If you have any queries about this matter please contact Belinda Pope, Associate Director, Workplace Relations on 4781 4129 or at [email protected] ...
MINISTERS were faced with the prospect of angry emergency personnel taking industrial action as thousands turned out for a rally in Dublin against pay cuts.
Having only worked in large city trusts, my aim was to see how radiology services are adapted to suit the particular challenges and opportunities of a small population and a remote and island-based topography. Some of the differences in terrain were obvious from the outset: on my first day, a combination of sea fog and industrial action by ferry drivers prevented one of the sonography team from getting to work! Other differences became clearer as my placement progressed: for example, the highly efficient and well-thought-through communication system. Being so remote, NHS Orkney relies on good communication links with the outer Orkney islands and mainland Scotland, from regular teleconferences with remote island general practitioners and consultants in Aberdeen to the Scotland-wide picture archiving and communications system (PACS), by which radiologists in Aberdeen can report images from Orkney within a day ...
Striking South African platinum miners delivered much higher pay demands on Thursday and threatened to spread industrial action further, deepening a crisis that is becoming the biggest threat to the ruling ANC since the end of apartheid.
研究任务是探究制度变迁;采用的方法是基于个体单元分析的信念调整实验和样本计量估计。应用领域是集体行动(collective action),如行业协会业主自治问题。 2、以行动机制作为制度、技术和产业变迁及区域发展的分析脉络是本方向的基本思路。. 基于128个网页-相关网页. ...
As governments seek to expand access to quality health care services, policy makers in many countries are confronting the problem of informal payments to medical personnel. The aim of this study was to help health planners in Albania understand informal payments occurring in government health facilities. Researchers used in-depth interviews and focus groups with 131 general public and provider informants in three districts. The results suggest that factors promoting informal payments in Albania include perceived low salaries of health staff; a belief that good health is worth any price; the desire to get better service; the fear of being denied treatment; and the tradition of giving a gift to express gratitude. Members of the general public also believe informal payments create uncertainties and anxiety during the care-seeking process, while providers perceive that informal payments harm their professional reputation, induce unnecessary medical interventions, and create discontinuity of care. ...
Joint Society of Occupational Medicine (SOM) and Royal Society of Medicine (RSM) meeting. Venue: 1 Wimpole Street, Marylebone, London W1G 0AE. This meeting presents a unique opportunity to hear from a range of experts from academia, clinical practice and policy makers providing a greater understanding of occupational respiratory disease.. In a recent report by Health and Safety Executive, occupational respiratory disease in the UK is currently estimated to result in approximately 12,000 deaths each year in the UK. Additionally, there are an estimated 14,000 new cases of breathing or lung problems caused or made worse by work in the UK each year. Worldwide, particularly in low and middle income countries, the population is much greater. The pathology, detection and prevention of occupational respiratory disease continues to evolve. Join us as we examine the recent developments and future directions on topics ranging from occupational asthma to construction workers health and the Australian ...
Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. 806 8067 22 Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE ...
This issue, which was, it seems, on everyones lips just recently, is all but forgotten. The propaganda machine in the West and Ukraine worked overtime to beat it into everyones head: Russians have created golodomor - sometimes translated incorrectly as holodomor, to kill the poor Ukrainians. The issue has died down because Russians finally started…
Members are being called to prepare for strike action on 4 December in an effort to force ColegauCymru (CC) to return to negotations as they have so far refused to negotiate over workoad until the separate dispute over pay is resolved.. Margaret Phelan, UCU Wales official, said It is hoped that the pay dispute can be resolved by the Welsh government funding pay parity with school teachers but we still need to maintain the pressure on CC to return to the negotiating table over workload. The timeline on industrial action over workload reflects the date for industrial action agreed with other unions over the joint pay dispute.. A special FE sector committee meeting on 17 November will decide on two more days of action to take place after 12 December if this remains necessary, to ensure that pay deductions happen in the January pay packet.. The ballot paper indicated that further action would be considered if the dispute hadnt been resolved by 21 December so decisions about further action would ...
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Head teachers vote overwhelmingly in favour of staging a ballot on whether to strike over plans to curb their pensions, at their conference in Brighton.
Downloadable! Since February 2003 a number of debtor countries have issued bonds with collective action clauses (CACs) under New York law - a development welcomed by the official sector as tangible progress towards more orderly crisis resolution. Not all of these countries, however, have opted for the same CAC voting threshold, raising concerns that lack of standardisation might undermine the wider adoption of CACs. In this paper, debtors optimal choice of CAC threshold is analysed using a theoretical model of grey-zone financial crisis, which allows for the interaction of liquidity problems with solvency problems. It finds that individual countries may wish to set different thresholds because of differing risk preferences and creditworthiness. Strongly risk-averse debtors put much greater weight on pay-offs during crisis periods than during non-crisis periods and are therefore more likely to choose lower CAC thresholds than less risk-averse debtors. The worse the creditworthiness of risk-averse
A new survey released released this week by the Pew Research Center's Internet and Life Project shed new light on the role of the Internet as a platform for collective action. A panel at the State of the Internet Conference discussed the findings, driving home the increasing integration of our online and offline lives.
Protest event analysis is an important method for the study of collective action and social movements and typically draws on traditional media reports as the data source. We introduce collective action from social media (CASM)-a system that uses convolutional neural networks on image data and recurrent neural networks with long short-term memory on text data in a two-stage classifier to identify social media posts about offline collective action. We implement CASM on Chinese social media data and identify more than 100,000 collective action events from 2010 to 2017 (CASM-China ...
Protest event analysis is an important method for the study of collective action and social movements and typically draws on traditional media reports as the data source. We introduce collective action from social media (CASM)-a system that uses convolutional neural networks on image data and recurrent neural networks with long short-term memory on text data in a two-stage classifier to identify social media posts about offline collective action. We implement CASM on Chinese social media data and identify more than 100,000 collective action events from 2010 to 2017 (CASM-China ...
Fujitsu faces a potential strike from workers after Unite union began an industrial action ballot on jobs, pay and pensions this week.. Unite, which represents 1,500 members at Fujitsu in the UK, said proposed pension scheme change would reduce the total pay package of each employee by about 20% each.. The union has served seven days notice to the IT services company of the ballot, which will begin on Monday (12 October). The ballot result is expected to be available at the end of the month.. Some 4,000 employees in the main defined benefit pension plan are being hit by the companys plans to close the scheme to future accrual. The company intends to force this through by dismissing employees after the end of the consultation period in October, and offering them employment on new contracts which are unchanged, except in relation to pensions.. In late August, Fujitsu announced proposals for 1,200 redundancies in the UK and has since put 6,000 people at risk of redundancy, amounting to 50% of its ...
Patients who cannot afford to pay for the services should inform us and they will receive treatment free of any charges, Orem says. Orem says that the institute is also yet to determine how much patients should pay and what the institute will use the funds for. The Cancer Institute is one of several medical facilities that receive funding from the Ministry of Health. In the next financial year, the institute was allocated Shs 91 billion. Dr Diana Atwine, the permanent secretary ministry of Health, says that the ministry is not aware that the institute charges patients for services.. We really need to hear from them. We have never authorised charging. So if they are doing it, they are doing it on their own. she said Dr Baterana Byarugaba, executive director Mulago hospital, says that it is illegal for health workers to solicit money from patients seeking health services. Those people paying at Mulago and other regional referral hospitals and other government health facilities that is not in ...
The right to strike is recognised as a fundamental human right by the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the European Union.1 Most European countries enshrine the right to strike in their national constitutions.2 It has been argued that collective bargaining amounts to nothing more than collective begging for employees without the option to strike.3 This is because employees have no choice but to accept the final terms imposed by their employer. It has even been claimed that an individuals right to withdraw his or her labour is a feature that distinguishes employment from slavery.4. Industrial action by doctors is, however, complicated by their professional values and ethical framework. Most strikes are effective because they harm a neutral third party, who is then motivated to pressure the employer to accede to strike demands. Unfortunately, when doctors strike, this third party is often their patients.5 For many people, such behaviour is inconsistent with the over-riding duty of ...
That side was made for you and me.. Crazy Horse put it bluntly: One does not sell the land on which people walk. Its that does not that makes his statement poignantly militant. Its a very different thing to say, One should not. One does not: selling the land is unthinkable in any kind of human society that hasnt utterly lost its way.. But - of course one does sell the land; its the basis of the entire financial system of a modern economy. Secure, transparent rights to private ownership are seen as essential to economic development. In areas where land ownership is ambiguous, where fee-simple ownership intersects with traditional tenure systems, where deeds are inconsistently (or corruptly) registered, trade and development are severely hindered. It makes grownup sense.. Efforts to find something better than private ownership havent generally gone well. Farm collectivization in the Soviet Union, for the most gruesome example, was bitterly resisted by the peasants. After World War I, ...
They might have a clue when the cost of heating their homes and driving to work drains their wallets. It is coming you IowIdgits and dont look across the river to Nebraska because we will be in the same sewage boat thanks to you morons. Once the farmers can no longer afford to work their fields because of the price of fuel and trucks no longer run for the lack of it you can look forward to farm collectivization and you city obummer twits will be told to do your civic and democrat party duty by working the fields pulling a plow.. Dumbasses.. FUBO & FAD. ...
KulaksKulak, in Russian, means a fist. When used for rich peasants, it alludes to their alleged fist-like hold on their poorer brethren. Vladimir Lenin saw the kulak as a village bourgeoisie that would be crushed by a socialist revolution. This was achieved during Joseph Stalins revolution from the top that mandated collectivization and dekulakization. Source for information on Kulaks: Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity dictionary.
Strike day. Thousands of furious workers are staging a mass walkout today to fight Government plans to savage their pensions. The strikes by around 750,000 teachers and civil servants will be the biggest day of industrial action since Margaret Thatcher was PM in the 1980s. Hard-pressed staff have already been hit by savage Coalition cutbacks and are incensed over proposals to hammer their pensions. Thousands of schools in England and Wales will be closed today while ports and airports will be disrupted. Driving centres, courts, job centres and even Downing Street will also be affected. Last night Dr Mary Bousted, general secretary of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers, said the Government was morally responsible for the strikes because it was trying to steamroller through unfair changes to pensions and had failed to negotiate. She added: Deciding to strike is not a decision we take lightly. This is the first time ATL members will be involved in a national strike in our 127 years. - Daily ...
A task team has been established to assess the industrial action by nurses and to ensure swift action is taken where patients were affected, says the Gauteng health department.
Up to 1,000 schools will face administrative disruption from Friday as school secretaries begin a campaign of industrial action over pay and conditions.
NICEs report team admitted the ready reckoner was created because it could find no studies on the cost-effectiveness of managerial policies in this area despite an extensive literature search.. It recommended creating a national database on the effect of new activities, policies and organisational change on health and wellbeing including productivity and business outcomes.. The ready reckoner works by inputting the expected cost per head of an initiative (such as training of frontline managers) and it works out what reductions in absenteeism and turnover are needed to pay for the training costs. It can also be used to estimate the extent of improvement in staff satisfaction and productivity.. ...
This blog is your go-to place for the latest thinking on how to develop, engage and retain your talent.. Published by Saba Software, our blog is focused on providing HR professionals, business leaders, frontline managers and employees information and resources needed to support high performance, continuous learning and drive business impact.. Whether youre looking for tips on enhancing your talent management programs, advice from leading industry experts or thought-provoking articles that provide a fresh perspective on HR-related topics, youll find it all here.. ...
JUNIOR doctors have demanded concrete assurances from Tory health secretary Jeremy Hunt before considering re-entering negotiations.. Junior doctors are furious at the Tory governments attempts to impose a 90-hour working week on them and cut their pay by 30 per cent. They have called a demonstration for Saturday October 17th that will be bigger, better and louder than the last one on September 28th. It will start at Waterloo Place at 2.00pm, march to Parliament Square and finish at 6.00pm.. Chair of the British Medical Associations Junior Doctors Committee, Dr Johann Malawana, wrote to to health secretary Hunt on Monday demanding concrete assurances on the burning issues for junior doctors, anti-social working hours and pay. This follows on from a letter sent by Hunt to Dr Malawana on October 8th in which Hunt, fearing the junior doctors would proceed with their ballot for industrial action, began backpeddling.. In that letter Hunt claimed: I can give an absolute guarantee that ...
link Breakthrough in nurses dispute The Health Minister Lara Giddings says she hopes fresh negotiations with public hospital nurses will see an end to industrial action. The Australian Nursing Federation and the government have agreed to a two-week conciliation process through the Industrial Commission. Nurses agreed last night to suspend new action that would have…
The FCO said: Significant industrial action is expected across France from Thursday 5 December for an unspecified duration.. This will primarily affect transport and public services, with cancellations and severe delays to train, metro, bus and tram services expected from the evening of Wednesday 4 December.. Disruption and cancellations to Eurostar services between London St. Pancras and Gare du Nord are expected.. Other international rail services such as those to the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Germany may also be affected.. Industrial action at ports may cause delays and cancellations to some cross-Channel ferry services. You should check the website of your chosen operator before you set off.. In the event of any disruption, information about alternative routes and operators is available via this interactive map.. Industrial action by hauliers on some major roads may also cause delays or blockages.. Strike action by Air France workers and air traffic controllers may also cause ...
So, its not the fact that your party are engaged in dismantling the National Health Service and privatising it wholesale, nor the shocking attacks on people with disabilities in the name of deficit reduction, nor the tripling of tuition fees by those who pledged to vote for no such thing, nor Goves plans to decimate local education authorities... but the fact that Ed Miliband wont break Labours links with a free and independent trade union if their members take a democratic decision on industrial action which turns your stomach, eh Nich? ...
Restaurant Industry has halved wages in 20 years Unite to support industrial actions at stores over the next month March 18 picked as Day of Protest Supports Sue Bradfords Bill to End Youth Rates Will consider a Citizens Initiated Referendum on $12 Minimum ...
The MoU will enable Swades Foundation to implement health interventions across Maharashtra state. Swades Foundation signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Maharashtra on August 27, 2019, which will expand its area of operation across the state of Maharashtra. Previously, its area of operation was restricted to just six blocks of the Raigad district. However, given the work of Swades Foundation in the areas of anaemia, eye care, paediatric care, hygiene and nutrition over the past three years, the Public Health Department of the Government of Maharashtra wants it to take up this work across the state.. In 2016, Swades Foundation announced a strategic partnership with the Public Health Department of the Government of Maharashtra to implement crucial health interventions in six blocks of the Raigad district. In an acknowledgement of the work done over the past three years, the Government has now inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) which will enable Swades Foundation ...
Initially, the court accepts that the right to take collective actions must be recognised as a fundamental right which forms an integral part of the general principles of Community law, but that the exercise of that right may be subject to certain restrictions. In this case, the court points out that the right of trade unions of a Member State to take collective action by which undertakings established in other Member States may be forced into negotiations with the trade union in order to ascertain minimum wage and to sign a collective agreement (the terms of which go beyond the minimum protection guaranteed by Directive 96/71 concerning posting of workers) is liable to make it less attractive, or more difficult, for such undertakings to carry out construction work in Sweden, and therefore constitutes a restriction on the freedom to provide services. The court also pointed out that the action can not be justified by overriding reasons of public interest ...
A number of reasons have been suggested to explain why the structure of U.S. elections has resulted in a two-party system. Most of the blame has been placed on the process used to select its representatives. First, most elections at the state and national levels are winner-take-all: The candidate who receives the greatest overall number of votes wins. Winner-take-all elections with one representative elected for one geographic district allow voters to develop a personal relationship with their representative to the government. They know exactly whom to blame, or thank, for the actions of that government. But these elections also tend to limit the number of people who run for office. Otherwise-qualified candidates might not stand for election if they feel the incumbent or another candidate has an early advantage in the race. And since voters do not like to waste votes, third parties must convince voters they have a real chance of winning races before voters will take them seriously. This is a ...
Although organ donation conflicts with self-interest, because donation is vital to the community, interventions to increase it are ethically justified. AMA Journal of Ethics is a monthly bioethics journal published by the American Medical Association.
Social media has become globally ubiquitous, transforming how people are networked and mobilized. This forum explores research and applications of these new networked publics at individual, organizational, and societal levels. By using a gel mobility assay, we have shown that treatment of HeLa cells with 4-hydroxynonenal, a major product of the peroxidation of membrane lipids and an inducer of heat-shock proteins, has the same effect as heat shock in causing the appearance of a protein which binds to the sequence of DNA specific for the induction of heat-shock genes. Lipoperoxidation and heat exposure seem to share a common mechanism of specific gene activation. ...
Welcome to LiveCart Community Support (Questions & Answers), where you can ask questions and receive answers from other members of the community ...
Student, Family and Community Support Department (SFCSD) is privileged to support San Francisco youth and families, through building school capacity to address student needs, and working to achieve District-wide academic goals.
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Henry Silva, Frank Sinatra. A police lieutenant leads a special team to battle organized crime in New York. Frustrated by the system, he and his partners g
Nagpur: The Maharashtra government day claimed that all is well on the swine flu front though it has officially admitted 83 deaths so far. Swine flu which broke out in Maharashtra is under control though some deaths have been reported, Maharashtra
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thumb|300px|right|Localizzazione dello stato indiano di Maharashtra Maharashtra [] è il nome di uno stato nellOvest dellIndia. È secondo per numero di abitanti e terzo per superficie. Il suo territorio si estende dalla costa sul mare Arabico allinterno del Deccan presentando così una grande varietà climatica e geografica. È uno stato fortemente industrializzato soprattutto lungo lasse Bombay-Pune. Lagricoltura, condotta con il metodo dellirrigazione, è una voce importante nelleconomia dello stato. Le regioni settentrionali e orientali sono comunque ancora arretrate.
The Andhra Pradesh government issued an Ordinance on October 15, 2010, which stipulated conditions for the microfinance activities in the State. This Ordinance was ratified two months later on December 15, 2010 by the lower house of the Andhra Pradesh assembly. The key features of the Bill are: •All MFIs should be registered with the district authority. •No person should be a member of more than one SHG. •All MFIs shall make public the rate of interest charged by them on the loans extended. •There would be a penalty on the use of coercive action by the MFIs.
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CEmONCs are changing the face of mother and child care in public health institutions in the southern state. According to S. Vijayakumar, Special Secretary to the Tamil Nadu Health and Family Welfare Department and Project Director of Tamil Nadu Health Systems Project (TNHSP), Bridging the gaps in service delivery is crucial to saving the lives of mothers, newborns and the very young. You may set up a health centre in every village, you may have the best equipment in the district hospitals, but if you cannot make the essential services easily accessible and available within the golden hour (the critical time period that can save a life), all the efforts can go waste. A pregnant woman may be able to reach a Primary Health Centre (PHC) but the nurse may be missing, there may not be adequate blood availability, there may not be transport available to take her to a bigger hospital. These are the gaps that need to be urgently filled to save lives ...
... collective bargaining; and the encouragement of economic co-operatives. The CCF, while rhetorically socialist, did not ...
"Collective Bargaining Agreement FAQ". National Hockey League. Retrieved March 6, 2010. v t e. ...
"Collective Bargaining Agreement" (PDF). NFL Players Association. August 4, 2011. p. 101. Retrieved October 18, 2017. Person, ... and Sporting News are designated in the NFL Players Association's collective bargaining agreement for purposes of player ...
It also helped establish the right of Canadian workers to collective bargaining. Lawrence was publicly supportive of the strike ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "The Siege of '46 (The Labour Mayor)". The Cradle of Collective Bargaining: The History ... "The History of Labour and Technology in Hamilton and District". The Cradle of Collective Bargaining. McMaster University, ...
The draft was conducted under the eligibility rules established in the league's now-expired 2005 collective bargaining ... non-international players) "Article X, Section 1(b)(ii)(G)(3)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball ... "Article X, Section 1(b)(i)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from ... "Article X, Section 1(c)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from the ...
The draft is conducted under the eligibility rules established in the league's new 2011 collective bargaining agreement (CBA) ... non-international players) "Article X, Section 1(b)(ii)(G)(3)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball ... "Article X, Section 1(b)(i)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from ... "Article X, Section 1(c)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from the ...
Any player who is not an "international player", as defined in the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) between the league and ... non-international players) "Article X, Section 1(b)(ii)(G)(3)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball ... "Article X, Section 1(b)(i)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from ... "Article X, Section 1(c)". 2005 NBA Collective Bargaining Agreement. National Basketball Players Association. Archived from the ...
"Collective bargains". Time Out Chicago. Retrieved 9 May 2013. "UBS 12 x 12: New Artists/New Work: Industry of the Ordinary". ...
"The Collective Bargaining of Creative Success". Toronto Standard. Retrieved March 31, 2021. "The top 7 artist collectives in ... She founded several collectives and art galleries including The White House gallery, 8-11 gallery, The Feminist Art Museum, and ... "8-11 art collective: No Slurpees sold here". 2 March 2015. "Feminist Art Museum". Temporary Art Review. 2017-11-22 ... In 2014, Benivolski co-founded 8-11, an art collective and gallery in Toronto's Chinatown. The gallery's original sign, a spoof ...
Freedom of association and collective bargaining. This allows workers to become members of trade unions or other forms of ... enabling effective representation and ideally for workers to bargain collectively." The ETI made a submission to the ...
Collective bargaining Right-to-work law At-will employment Federal Labor Relations Authority Department of Public Safety "H.R. ... "FOP's Collective Bargaining Bill Passes House!" Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine Press release from the Fraternal ... "Collective Bargaining," International Association of Fire Fighters, Accessed January 14, 2008. Kevin O'Connor, "Statement of Mr ... "Collective bargaining - legislative fact sheet," International Association of Fire Fighters, Accessed July 6, 2007. "Public ...
With the approval of the most recent WNBA collective bargaining agreement in 2020, the minimum salary in the 2020 season was $ ... Women's National Basketball Association Collective Bargaining Agreement. Women's National Basketball Players Association. ...
... were given collective bargaining rights at Berkeley. Full collective bargaining status to all teaching assistants was not given ... and a few state laws explicitly exclude them from bargaining. Some states have extended collective bargaining rights to ... Labor laws in the United States and Canada permit collective bargaining for only limited classes of student-employees. In the ... The NLRB's Brown decision in 2004 reversed the legal protections and collective bargaining rights that, under NYU, had covered ...
Traditional union representation by ALPA in terms of contract negotiations (collective bargaining) and prosecution of ... Title Collective bargaining in the private sector. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-913447-84-6.. ... The Independent Association of Continental Pilots (IACP) was a bargaining agent (labor union) certified by the National ... as the bargaining representative for the Continental pilots. The rationale for this action was based on the belief that since ...
The 2020 Collective Bargaining Agreement made a number of changes to the practice squad: The CBA increased the practice squad ... In the 1993 collective bargaining agreement, practice squads were limited to five players. The practice squad expanded to eight ... "NFL-NFLPA Collective Bargaining Agreement 2011" (PDF). NFL Labor. August 4, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2020. CBA 2020, p. 172. ... "NFL-NFLPA Collective Bargaining Agreement 2006" (PDF). March 8, 2006. Retrieved May 23, 2020. Bouchette, Ed (September ...
Collective Bargaining: The law limits collective bargaining for most public employees to wages. Total wage increases cannot ... a legislative enactment places on the collective-bargaining process, collective bargaining remains a creation of legislative ... Workers would be able to continue bargaining over their salaries with no limit. Collective bargaining would also stay in place ... Collective bargaining units must take annual votes to maintain certification as a union. Employers cannot collect union dues, ...
For any collective bargaining agreement entered into by the parties after the effective date of this paragraph, if the impasse ... Amendments to collective bargaining have not come to fruition; about 400 demonstrators protesting budget cuts to state programs ... Restrictions to collective-bargaining rights were seen as unlikely to pass the Democratic-controlled Legislature. Although ... 7 March 22, 2011 2011-1148h 10/09 Draft Amendment to HB 2-FN-A-LOCAL Impasse in Collective Bargaining. RSA 273·A: 12, VII 18 ...
... any collective bargaining agreement would have to cover all employees in the bargaining unit. Until Denver Tramway, unions had ... "Exclusive Representation and the Wagner Act: The Structure of Federal Collective Bargaining Law." Labor Law Journal. 58:3 (Fall ... "Roosevelt Bars Interpretation of Collective Bargaining Clause." New York Times. September 16, 1933. "Company Unions Defy Labor ... and that both parties would negotiate a collective bargaining agreement covering wages, hours and working conditions; and (4) ...
Attempts at collective bargaining before the season began were unsuccessful. The lockout was initiated on September 16, 2004, ... "Highlights of the 2005 NHL Collective Bargaining Agreement , Agreement Ends NHL Lockout - Highlights of the New NHL CBA". ... one day after the expiration of the existing collective bargaining agreement (CBA), which itself had been the result of the ...
Mercantile LJ, 2, 67 (1990). Stokke, Torgeir Aarvaag; Thornqvist, Christer (November 2001). "Strikes and Collective Bargaining ... "struggled to find common ground on a new collective bargaining agreement". The previous employment agreement that had ... Often organised in unions, workers may choose this form of industrial action to bargain for a higher rate of pay, better ... An overtime ban was used to bargain for increased pay rates when the Association of Broadcasting and Allied Staffs (ABS) ...
"Romanian Regulation of Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining." Cornell International Law Journal: Volume 32, Number 2. 1999 ... "Collective Labor Disputes in Post-Ceausescu Romania." Cornell International Law Journal: Volume 26, Number 2. 1993. Bush, Larry ...
The amendment would "prohibit employers and employee organizations from entering into collective bargaining or other agreements ... "California Proposition 18, Prohibition of Collective Bargaining (1958)". Retrieved 2 June 2013. CS1 maint: ... can only exist where there is majority rule because the majority of employees has chosen a single union as their bargaining ...
Collective bargaining now tends to resolve this issue. Vaver states that joint authors will be the first co-owners of a ... For example, both the terms "collective work" and "compilation" are listed among the defined terms in section 2. It is ... As there is greater symmetry of information between the parties, transaction costs are less and bargaining is easier. However, ... they will need to bargain with the author because section 32.2(f) will not apply and section 13(1)will give first ownership to ...
But after the American Federation of Teachers won collective bargaining rights for teachers in New York City and formed the ... Spring 1993; Hartman, James B. "Collective Bargaining in the University." Interchange. 6:1 (March 1975). Urban, Wayne J. "Power ... Since its inception, the NEA had rejected collective bargaining and strikes as unprofessional. ... akin to collective bargaining, and requiring the NEA to provide staff, research and financial assistance to locals involved in ...
The ECHR's scope extends to collective bargaining given the right to freedom of association under article 11. In Wilson and ... This notably excludes wage regulation and collective bargaining. Four main fields of EU regulation of labour rights include (1 ... C-115/14 The EU is formally not enabled to legislate on collective bargaining, although the EU, with all member states, is ... only the European Court of Human Rights should have competence to decide issues related to collective bargaining and industrial ...
Henry E. Hoagland, Collective Bargaining in the Lithographic Industry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1917. Fred C. ... The Amalgamated Lithographers of America (ALA) is a labor union formed in 1915 to conduct collective bargaining on behalf of ... the ILAE rapidly moved into collective bargaining, attempting to use its clout to establish a minimum wage for artistic workers ... which eliminated two decades of collective bargaining in the industry by successfully establishing an open shop. The ...
"Dispute Resolution in Healthcare and Community Services Collective Bargaining". Retrieved 2011-07-11. Angell, M (2008). " ... The lack of competition has given healthcare unions a monopoly on essential services, thus ensuring a very strong bargaining ... which provide both medical and social support which combines health care with programs such as collective kitchens, Internet ...
... engage in collective bargaining. If successful, collective bargaining leads to a settlement and the conclusion of a collective ... As a collective-bargaining relationship grows, a certain pattern and consistency of collective bargaining can thus be formed. ... Collective bargaining can take place at plant level, sector level or industry level. The LRA encourages collective bargaining ... Collective bargaining must be understood as a process. The process of collective bargaining entails negotiations between the ...
The current Collective Bargaining Agreement expires in November, 2013. The hospital ranks fourth in the state of Kentucky in ...
He negotiated the union's first collective bargaining agreement with Continental Airlines in 1961, and was appointed Automotive ... co-chair of the Collective Bargaining and Group Relations Institute; a trustee of the National Planning Association; President ...
... the Republic of Korea has regulated collective bargaining by requiring employers to participate, but collective bargaining has ... or social and political status through collective bargaining by the increased bargaining power wielded by the banding of the ... "Recent Trends in Collective Bargaining in Europe." E-Journal of International and Comparative Labour Studies 5.1 (2016). online ... Collective bargaining was first recognized in 1945, after the strike by the United Auto Workers at the General Motors' plant in ...
JEL: J5 - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining JEL: J50 - Geral. JEL: J51 - Trade unions: ... JEL: J52 - Dispute Resolution: Strikes, Arbitration, and Mediation; Collective bargaining. JEL: J53 - Labor-management ... JEL: D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making *JEL: D70 - Geral. *JEL: D71 - Social choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations ... JEL: P32 - Collectives; Communes; Agriculture. JEL: P33 - International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid. JEL: P34 - ...
Rejecting arguments that they violated employees' rights to collective bargaining, and that modestly-valued consumer claims ... Collective litigation is allowed under the Russian law since 2002. Basic criteria are, like in the US, numerosity, commonality ... Dutch law allows associations (verenigingen) and foundations (stichtingen) to bring a so-called collective action on behalf of ... The acting association or foundation may come to a collective settlement with the defendant. The settlement may also include - ...
Smith repeatedly attacks groups of politically aligned individuals who attempt to use their collective influence to manipulate ... bargaining, contract design, and any situation where individual agents are few enough to have perceptible effects on each other ... what labour lawyers call an imbalance of bargaining power) (3) complete markets (4) public goods (5) external effects (i.e. ...
The British imposed a collective punishment on the population of Tel Aviv, imposing a dawn to dusk curfew on the city roads and ... The following day, the Irgun succeeded in taking British hostages with which to bargain over the lives of its two fighters who ... On April 14, the authorities evicted 110 Jews from their homes in the Haifa neighborhood of Hadar HaCarmel as collective ... Faced with continued attacks, the British reacted with collective punishment and the death penalty in order to reassert ...
... the Republic of Korea has regulated collective bargaining by requiring employers to participate, but collective bargaining has ... "Recent Trends in Collective Bargaining in Europe." E-Journal of International and Comparative Labour Studies 5.1 (2016). online ... Trade unions and collective bargaining were outlawed from no later than the middle of the 14th century when the Ordinance of ... Collective bargaining was first recognized in 1945, following a strike by the United Auto Workers at the General Motors' plant ...
The student member of the board can vote on matters related to collective bargaining, capital and operating budgets, and school ...
Steinberg, Richard H. "In the Shadow of Law or Power? Consensus-based Bargaining and Outcomes in the GATT/WTO." International ... This is because states face collective action problems with pursuing litigation: they all expect other states to carry the ... Richard Harold Steinberg (2002) argues that although the WTO's consensus governance model provides law-based initial bargaining ... trading rounds close through power-based bargaining favouring Europe and the U.S., and may not lead to Pareto improvement.[67] ...
The collective has also organised a number of community-led direct actions to highlight Queensland's dangerous dependence on ... In 1997 the Cabinet agreed to establish a climate change taskforce to strengthen its Kyoto bargaining position.[105] In 1998 ... It is structured around a collective blog for Climate Action Groups as well as a directory and mapping of all the community ... The collective value of these properties is estimated at $150 billion.[42] ...
The collective had no income, philosophically rejected salaried employment and the use of money. Its members lived a DIY ... "a bargaining chip in a factional conflict".[22] However, the original Voina group also contend that Verzilov later stole hard ... A schism of the Voina collective into two groups occurred in connection with a performance-art action in November 2009. ...
PBM's can make confidential business agreements with pharmaceutical companies, which PBM's have called collective buying power ... that in some cases foreign governments drive such hard bargains to the point that they do not contribute to the cost of R&D, ...
Morrison turned down a plea bargain that required the Doors to perform a free Miami concert. He was convicted and sentenced to ... "became this collective entity, this unit of oneness ... that is where the magic began to happen."[23] ...
... including collective bargaining, antitrust law, psychology and political science.[4] For example, some individuals in a team or ... The study of collective action shows that public goods are still produced when one individual benefits more from the public ... When public needs then increase, disenchanted consumers become more interested in collective action projects. This leads ... level of commitment to collective action projects will decrease. With the decrease in support, many will return to private ...
He did not want to be a part of the faculty collective bargaining group, so he decided to teach half-time. According to ...
Collyer blocked the plan on the grounds that it did not ensure collective-bargaining rights for DHS employees.[11] ...
... changing from centralized wage-fixing to enterprise bargaining, heavy restrictions on union activities including on strike ... and collective endeavour, as evils to be undone.[40] ... action and pattern bargaining, the privatization of government ...
... attempt to isolate and influence employers who sought labor peace through the recognition of unions and collective bargaining. ...
His secret bargaining chip is a nullentropy capsule containing cells carefully and covertly collected by the Tleilaxu for ... Jessica survives and shares minds with Ramallo, acquiring the older woman's life experiences and collective Other Memory, and ... Needing to grow a new ghola of himself, his only bargaining tool is the secret nullentropy capsule. It is noted that other ... The tube he thought of as his ultimate bargaining power. No one must know of it. ...
Bargaining problems. In a state torn by civil war, the contesting powers often do not have the ability to commit or the trust ... Wood, Elisabeth Jean (2003). Insurgent collective action and civil war in El Salvador (Reprint. ed.). Cambridge [u.a.]: ... Wood, Elisabeth Jean (2003). Insurgent collective action and civil war in El Salvador (Reprint. ed.). Cambridge [u.a.]: ... due to the lack of strong political and legal institutions that motivate bargaining, settle disputes, and enforce peace ...
Collective Volume, 6, p. 232. *^ Gordon, H. Laing (November 2002). Sir James Young Simpson and Chloroform (1811-1870). Minerva ... In a 2007 plea bargain, a man confessed to using stun guns and chloroform to sexually assault minors.[45] Use of chloroform as ... Collective Volume, 6, p. 731. *^ Gokel, G. W.; Widera, R. P.; Weber, W. P. (1988). "Phase-Transfer Hofmann Carbylamine Reaction ...
The 2003-04 season was one overhung by concern over the expiry of the NHL Collective Bargaining Agreement. It led to the ...
Ayres, Ian; Siegelman, Peter (1995-01-01). "Race and Gender Discrimination in Bargaining for a New Car". American Economic ... Troesken, Werner; Walsh, Randall (August 2017). "Collective Action, White Flight, and the Origins of Formal Segregation Laws". ... scripted bargaining strategies."[56] A 2013 study found that eBay sellers of iPods received 21 percent more offers if a white ...
But to increase their bargaining power to get better terms, employees organize labor unions for collective bargaining. The ... Collective conferences, collective negotiation, collective dealing, and even collective begging have been used to describe the ... If you can't call a strike you don't have real collective bargaining, you have 'collective begging.' ... Never give up the ... And, with respect to the statute's goal of facilitating collective bargaining, the regime's "good faith" bargaining obligation ...
Within a few years of Hitler's accession, "middle-class socialism" had been defeated, collective bargaining had been banned and ...
One major element in almost every airline bankruptcy is the rejection by the debtor of its current collective bargaining ...
This collective effort was at the origin of many of Britain's building societies, which however, developed into "permanent" ... been isolated and working individually to band together and create economies of scale as well as increase their own bargaining ... Depending on the structure, it may be a collective or mutual organization, which is operated according to the principles of ... "Consider the Collective: More than business as usual" 2005. Article on graphic design and printing cooperatives. ...
Algorithmic scheduling of shift work can lead to what has been colloquially termed as "clopening"[48] where the shift-worker has to work the closing shift of one day and the opening shift of the next day back-to-back resulting in short rest periods between shifts and fatigue. Co-opting employees to fill the shift roster helps to ensure that the human costs[49] are taken into account in a way which is hard for an algorithm to do as it would involve knowing the constraints and considerations of each individual shift worker and assigning a cost metric to each of those factors.[50] Shift based hiring which is a recruitment concept that hires people for individual shifts, rather than hiring employees before scheduling them into shifts enables shift workers to indicate their preferences and availabilities for unfilled shifts through a shift-bidding mechanism. Through this process, the shift hours are evened out by human-driven market mechanism rather than an algorithmic process. This openness can lead ...
Who fulfilleth His covenant better than Allah? Rejoice then in your bargain that ye have made, for that is the supreme triumph. ... and to collective punishment.[266] ...
The UAW went along with GM in return for an ever-increasing packages of wage and benefit hikes through collective bargaining, ... The UAW discovered that it had to be able to uphold its side of a bargain if it was to be a successful bargaining agency with a ... It took until 1941 for Ford to agree to a collective bargaining agreement with the UAW.[3] ... "UAW bargaining strategy and shop-floor conflict", Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 24 (3): 360-381 ...
Collective bargaining agreement. Lockouts. Television and radio coverage. Attendance figures. Category. 2018-19 season. ...
ILR Collective Bargaining Agreements at [email protected] GVSU links to actual arbitration awards and collective bargaining ... "Unions and Collective Bargaining". Tangian, Andranik (2009). Towards computer-aided collective bargaining: Enhancing the trade ... A collective agreement functions as a labour contract between an employer and one or more unions. Collective bargaining ... The parties often refer to the result of the negotiation as a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) or as a collective ...
Sectoral collective bargaining is an aim of trade unions or labor unions to reach a collective agreement that covers all ... While sectoral bargaining used to be standard in the UK, enterprise bargaining was advocated by the 1968 report of the Royal ... Countries that have sectoral collective bargaining have significantly higher rates of coverage than those with enterprise or ... Generally countries with sectoral collective bargaining have higher rates of union organisation and better coverage of ...
Collective bargaining for teachers and other public sector workers (except police and firefighters) is over in Wisconsin . ... As for collective bargaining itself, theres no clear connection between the right to bargain and student performance. In New ... Collective bargaining for teachers and other public sector workers (except police and firefighters) is over in Wisconsin . ... Collective bargaining rights do correlate positively with increased teacher salaries and greater school district expenditure - ...
ACAS drew attention to problems in the development of appropriate local collective bargaining machinery in the NHS. It said:... ... ACAS (1983) Collective Bargaining in Britain:Its Extent and Level, ACAS, London.Google Scholar ... ACAS (1977) Disclosure of Information to Trade Unions for Collective Bargaining Purposes, Code of Practice 2, HMSO, London. ... Sethi, A., Stansel, R., Solomon, N. and Dimmock, S. (1982) Collective Bargaining among Nonprofessional and Allied Professional ...
... caused a massive uproar in 2011 when he and his Republican allies eliminated collective-bargaining rights for most state ... Wisconsins Walker targets collective bargaining - again. 08/01/13 10:14 AM. Updated 10/02/13 10:03 PM. ... Wisconsins Walker targets collective bargaining -- again. 08/01/13 10:14 AM. Updated 10/02/13 10:03 PM. ... And while that may be mildly comforting to firefighters who want to keep their collective-bargaining rights, it doesnt change ...
Question: Why is collective bargaining important for business?. Answer: Collective bargaining is a constructive forum for ... Question: At what level(s) should collective bargaining take place?. Answer: Collective bargaining can take place at the ... Question: What subjects can be covered by collective bargaining?. Answer: Collective bargaining is a voluntary process and must ... Right to collective bargaining Resource list. Tools and resources for business on collective bargaining ...
Garrett: Supreme Court upholds collective bargaining changes. Sen. Julian B. Garrett, Senate District 13 Published 10:05 a.m. ... The Iowa Supreme Court has rejected challenges to the constitutionality of the collective bargaining law that the Legislature ... Garrett: Supreme Court upholds collective bargaining changes. State Sen. Julian Garrett represents District 13, which includes ... Garrett: Supreme Court upholds collective bargaining changes State Sen. Julian Garrett represents District 13, which includes ...
Members of the task force who worked on the report hope it will be used to guide the development of collective bargaining ... Press Center/2010 News Releases/Education stakeholders study state policy and collective bargaining language ... The quality of professional learning for teachers is improved when it is embedded in state policy and collective bargaining; ... Back to: Press Center / 2010 News Releases / Education stakeholders study state policy and collective bargaining language ...
All you need to know about Collective Bargaining. Summary, forum, expert tips, powerpoints, videos. Description, explanation ... Influence of Collective Bargaining in Public Sector. In what ways could collective bargaining affect a government organization ... Collective Bargaining : Role of Chairman?. What is the role of the chair person in any collective bargaining process?.... ... Definition Collective Bargaining. Description.. Collective Bargaining is normally seen as a negotiation method between ...
Do you support collective bargaining for Colorado firefighters? According to a survey conducted by Meyers Research, if you ... Survey finds support for collective bargaining Posted By Chet Hardin on Mon, Feb 11, 2013 at 5:29 PM Do you support collective ... See attached memo.) The timely results of this survey are arriving just as a firefighter collective bargaining bill, Senate ... for ensuring collective bargaining rights for Colorado fire fighters. ( ...
This Issue Brief focuses on the obstacles to gender equality at work and how collective bargaining can be used as an effective ... This Issue Brief focuses on the obstacles to gender equality at work and how collective bargaining can be used as an effective ... 4 - Labour Relations and Collective Bargaining. Negotiating for gender equality. Inequality of opportunity, treatment and ...
A bipartisan bill is moving through Congress to grant collective bargaining rights to public safety employees. Opponents are ... A bipartisan bill is moving through Congress to grant collective bargaining rights to public safety employees. Opponents are ...
Wage Rigidity in Canadian Collective Bargaining Agreements Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 56, No. 3, April 2003 ... Christofides, Louis N. and Stengos, Thanasis, Wage Rigidity in Canadian Collective Bargaining Agreements (February 7, 2003). ...
... to provide that certain Executive orders and Presidential memorandum with respect to Federal employee collective bargaining ... Protecting Collective Bargaining and Official Time for Federal Workers Act, S. 3583, 116th Cong. (2020). ... S. 3583: Protecting Collective Bargaining and Official Time for Federal Workers Act. ... "S. 3583 - 116th Congress: Protecting Collective Bargaining and Official Time for Federal Workers Act." 2020. ...
Michael Lovenheim guest posts about what we know about how teacher collective bargaining affects student achievement and why ... Teacher Collective Bargaining and Student Learning. By Guest Blogger on March 13, 2018 8:30 AM ... Recent changes in collective bargaining rights in states such as Wisconsin, Indiana and Michigan may offer new insights into ... Thus, teacher collective bargaining negatively affects the long-run labor market outcomes of men and exacerbates racial/ethnic ...
A full-day collective bargaining simulation in which participants negotiate in a small group setting against experienced labor ... Preparation for Collective Bargaining (LR201) is a required prerequisite and must be completed prior to taking Effective ... RequestEffective Collective Bargaining Skills and Strategies. Sign-up to be notified when this course is offered. ... Formerly, he was director, labor relations, ITT Industries Corp., where he negotiated collective bargaining agreements in the ...
Examines successful cases of equality bargaining. The particular sites selected are: a retail bank with 27,000 employees, 63 ... "Collective bargaining and the promotion of equality : the case of the United Kingdom," ILO Working Papers 992966393402676, ... woman worker; collective bargaining; equal employment opportunity; UK; legal aspect; womens rights; labour market; management ... Collective bargaining and the promotion of equality : the case of the United Kingdom. ...
While a new collective bargaining agreement between many of Icelands labour unions and management was signed yesterday, many ... signed a new collective bargaining agreement, only weeks away from the current one expiring.. Wage increases have been a hotly ...
NCPA gets behind collective bargaining bill. BY Michael Johnsen March 15, 2013. ...
Examines collective bargaining trends United States in 1987. General economic conditions; Collective bargaining situation in ... Presents collective bargaining data obtained from contracts on file at the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics as of 1979. Wage and ... COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AND SOCIAL DIALOGUE. // Official Bulletin: Series B;2010, Vol. 93 Issue 1, p117 A section from the report ... Collective bargaining in 1987: local, regional issues to set tone. Borum, Joan; Conley, James; Wasilewski, Edward // Monthly ...
Article 2 of The Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention of 1948 which defines collective bargaining is ... Home » More... » Law & Human Rights » FG /ASUU collective bargaining agreement & federalism in Nigeria: What conflict? ... The meaning, purpose and relevance of collective bargaining as an effective tool of harmonious labour relation have been ... The Cookey Commission also acknowledged the sacrosanct status of the principle of collective bargaining as a veritable ...
Now that the concept of organization is on the table in your workplace there can be and should be a collective discussion about ... Now that the concept of organization is on the table in your workplace there can be and should be a collective discussion about ...
In this way, the union can use the collective bargaining process to achiev[e] a work environment free from unwanted conduct of ... Role of Trade Unions in Effecting Anti-sexual Harassment Policies and Collective Bargaining Agreements in the Workplace. ... Negotiate anti-sexual harassment language in your collective bargaining agreement and a procedure to deal with violations. ... The Role of Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining ... The Role of Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining. last ...
Collective Bargaining for Local Unions. Participants focus on setting goals for negotiations, gathering information, and ... A special section on table tactics covers roles of the bargaining team, ground rules, and questioning techniques. Two-day ...
In the postwar period of labor unrest considerable attention has been focused on profit-sharing plans as a remedy for current industrial relations ills. Proponents of the idea insist that strikes and low productivity are twin symptoms of an internal maladjustment. The real trouble, they say, lies in the workers fear of insecurity and his belief that he is being exploited. The solution, so runs the argument, is to hitch the wage earners interest to the employers profits. Both thereafter will work together in peace and harmony. And, indeed, this has been the experience in isolated cases; but most schemes have been far less successful. They have failed to show even the most elementary common sense in deyising means to create greater worker interest in the welfare of the enterprise. In a quick check of its records the National Industrial Conference Board reports that of 161 profit-sharing plans surveyed in 1937, about 60 per cent had been abandoned. The Board warned employers against too quick ...
Benefits of collective bargaining. Collective bargaining reduces gender and racial pay gaps for several reasons. First, it ... Countries with greater collective bargaining coverage and collective bargaining that occurs primarily above the firm level tend ... Among the most important reforms are those that strengthen unions and collective bargaining and encourage collective bargaining ... increase collective bargaining coverage, and encourage industrywide collective bargaining would raise wages for workers, ...
Child Care Collective Bargaining Act Clears MN House , Early Childhood and Youth Development Comm ... Paul, MN Earlier this evening March 7, 2013, legislation authorizing home-based child care providers to bargain collectively ...
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING WITH DEATH David France s How To Survive a Plague. By Steve Macfarlane. ... COLLECTIVE BARGAINING WITH DEATH David France s How To Survive a Plague. By Steve Macfarlane. ... COLLECTIVE BARGAINING WITH DEATH. David France s How To Survive a Plague. SEPT 2012 ... these are the collective remnants of a struggle. Its all here: group meetings, infighting, curtailed interviews, marches, ...
... sectoral and firm-level collective bargaining, works councils, joint consultative committees, changes in collective bargaining/ ... We identify the workplace correlates of the demise of collective bargaining in Britain and the erosion of sectoral bargaining ... The Extent of Collective Bargaining and Workplace Representation: Transitions between States and Their Determinants - A ... The Extent of Collective Bargaining and Workplace Representation: Transitions between States and Their Determinants - A ...
The Courts Harris v. Quinn Decision Undermines Home Health Care and Further Weakens Collective Bargaining Rights ... The Courts opinion made no mention of the good that unions and collective bargaining have done for personal assistants and ... And the majority opinion foretells even greater damage for public employee unionization and collective bargaining when the ... in the collective bargaining agreement that requires all covered employees to pay their fair share of the costs of bargaining ...
  • The collective agreements reached by these negotiations usually set out wage scales, working hours, training, health and safety, overtime, grievance mechanisms, and rights to participate in workplace or company affairs. (
  • It refers to the sort of collective negotiations and agreements that had existed since the rise of trade unions during the 18th century. (
  • The result of engaging in a process of bargaining in good faith is that the outcomes of collective negotiations are more likely to be perceived as fair and are more equitable than those arrived at through individual bargaining or unilateral contracting. (
  • Collective Bargaining is normally seen as a negotiation method between representatives of the union and of the employer, to determine wages, hours, and various Employee Benefits through direct negotiations. (
  • He has developed strategies and supervised labor negotiations with many bargaining units. (
  • Investigates the critical point of time in collective bargaining negotiations in the federal sector in the United States at which an impasse is reached and a mediator is summoned. (
  • In addition, the conceptual model of strategic negotiations serves as a theoretical framework to consolidate the propositions that can be deduced from the results of the interaction processes in collective bargaining according to two dimensions of the outcome of the negotiations. (
  • Gross earnings of employees rise due to collective agreements and after successful pay negotiations. (
  • 5 Introduction This document presents forecasts of the annual average wage adjustment for major collective bargaining negotiations 2 that are expected to be settled in The forecasts are obtained using a statistical method based on historical wage adjustment data (up to August 2015). (
  • To be clear: The players' union does not intend to propose a salary cap, let alone agree to one as the two sides prepare for negotiations ahead of the expiration of the current collective bargaining agreement after the 2021 season. (
  • Brown, China's Collective Contract Provisions: Can Collective Negotiations Embody Collective Bargaining? (
  • For negotiations over a successor agreement or a reopener in a current agreement, the 150 days begin when the parties meet for the first bargaining session and have exchanged their initial proposals, or an alternative date to which both parties agree in writing. (
  • The Iowa Supreme Court has rejected challenges to the constitutionality of the collective bargaining law that the Legislature passed in 2017. (
  • The bill resolves the collective bargaining issues at impasse between the State of Florida and the bargaining representatives for state employees for the 2017-2018 fiscal year that have not been resolved in the General Appropriations Act or other legislation. (
  • The university and the Ontario Nurses' Association (ONA) Local 67, who represent approximately eight nurses employed at the Queen's Family Health Team, met on Monday, Oct. 23, 2017 to exchange collective bargaining proposals. (
  • The parties often refer to the result of the negotiation as a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) or as a collective employment agreement (CEA). (
  • Designed as a continuum of LR201, Preparation for Collective Bargaining, participants will formulate a negotiation strategy and learn "at-the-table" best practices. (
  • Participants develop negotiation skills by participating in a full-day bargaining simulation. (
  • This paper contributes to collective bargaining research by providing a causal theoretical biological link path between negotiation behaviors and their substantive and relational results. (
  • Of course, many developments in negotiation theory make it possible to analyze the bargaining process in relation to the environmental variables that influence it and the results generated by the many interactions at the negociationtable. (
  • Therefore, novel explanatory paradigms are needed to create a new impetus in research on negotiation and to provide a better understanding of the primary factors in play during collective bargaining. (
  • Collective bargaining refers to the negotiation process between an employer and a union comprised of workers to create an agreement that will govern the terms and conditions of the workers' employment. (
  • Except for wages (and raises are limited to changes in the Consumer Price Index), there's to be no more bargaining over any of the various things unions bargain for: pensions, benefits, hours, breaks, vacations, workplace safety, retirement age. (
  • Under the law, known as Act 10, most public-sector unions can bargain over base wages but nothing else. (
  • Through collective bargaining, workers tend to receive a greater share of productivity gains as wages. (
  • Reforms to enable all workers to join unions and bargain collectively as well as to promote industrywide bargaining in the private sector would not only raise wages, reduce inequality, and boost productivity-as previous CAP reports have argued 3 -but would also significantly reduce gender and racial pay gaps. (
  • Because women and communities of color are disproportionately represented in lower-wage groups, collectively bargained higher wages for low- and middle-income workers decrease pay gaps. (
  • Furthermore, unions and collective bargaining help to reduce overall economic inequality broadly in society as more workers receive higher wages under union contracts and nonunion firms compete for workers with union firms. (
  • The Court held that the historically disadvantaged , mostly female home-care workers ("personal assistants") and their union have lesser rights than "full-fledged public employees" because the state is not their employer for all purposes-though it is for the crucial purposes of bargaining their wages and benefits. (
  • The dominant constitutional right Alito identifies is the right not to pay for the union's activities on behalf of its members, not to lobby or bargain for wage increases, not to pay a couple of hundred dollars in fees in order to get thousands of dollars in higher wages and benefits. (
  • In most plants, collective labor agreements observe components of remunerations for employees (wages, benefits and/or bonuses). (
  • In this webinar, we will assess the role that collective bargaining systems play for employment, wages, working conditions, wage inequality and productivity (chapter 3 of the publication). (
  • Sectoral collective bargaining is an aim of trade unions or labor unions to reach a collective agreement that covers all workers in a sector of the economy. (
  • ACAS (1977) Disclosure of Information to Trade Unions for Collective Bargaining Purposes, Code of Practice 2 , HMSO, London. (
  • There are many instances where the employees are children, thus, for their protection trade unions and other human rights' groups engage into collective bargaining to combat the child's labor. (
  • It extended the existing framework for collective contracts modestly and modestly enhanced the trade unions' rights in negotiating and defending them. (
  • An indication that collective agreements are becoming more widespread is a new regulation passed by Guangdong province in late 2014, taking effect in January 2015, that authorizes trade unions to represent workers in negotiating enterprise-level collective agreements ("Guangdong Provincial Regulation on Collective Contracts for Enterprises" 2014). (
  • Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker (R) caused a massive uproar in 2011 when he and his Republican allies eliminated collective-bargaining rights for most state employees, most notably public school teachers. (
  • A Study of the Relationship between Collective Bargaining Impasse and the Attitudes and Performance of Biology Instructors and Biology Students in Two Urban Community Colleges in Michigan. (
  • Reported is a study of the process of bargaining and bargaining impasse to see what relationships exist between the phenomena and faculty and student attitudes toward the process itself, faculty strikes, teaching and learning under such conditions, and affective course goals in biology. (
  • All faculty from the impasse and non-impasse conditions were positive in their attitudes toward collective bargaining in terms of the bargaining process, sanction activities and the use of strikes. (
  • They differed in their attitude toward bargaining impasse. (
  • Provides for resolution of collective bargaining issues at impasse between State of Florida & certified bargaining units for state employees pursuant to specified instructions. (
  • A bill to provide that certain Executive orders and Presidential memorandum with respect to Federal employee collective bargaining shall have no force or effect, and for other purposes. (
  • And the majority opinion foretells even greater damage for public employee unionization and collective bargaining when the Court revisits these issues again. (
  • births additional 6 months for either parent at 30% National Holiday 14 12 plus 5 floating Vacation average 6 weeks average 4-6 weeks a year a year Benefit France Collective Employee and Bargaining Employer Minimum Wage Structured pay and variable pay Overtime Allowed negotiated in each collective contract Pay Discrimination Yes Law Job Evaluation Unknown Tax Maximum is 56. (
  • The Hayward Education Association (HEA) is the recognized employee organization for negotiating collective bargaining rights with HUSD. (
  • where free unions and collective bargaining are forbidden, freedom is lost. (
  • Research shows that unions and collective bargaining reduce pay discrepancies between women and men and between communities of color and white workers. (
  • The Court's opinion made no mention of the good that unions and collective bargaining have done for personal assistants and other direct care aides, nor how improved pay, training, and working conditions for providers reduce turnover and build a workforce that delivers higher quality care . (
  • 2 Wage Forecast for Collective Bargaining in 2016 This publication is available for download at (
  • August 2016) A survey of collective agreements across the Czech Republic for 2014-2015 shows ear-on-year, there was a significant increase in the number of collective agreements containing commitments on overall wage increases and commitments to increase salary tariffs. (
  • Ronald Reagan, Labor Day Speech at Liberty State Park, 1980 The right to collectively bargain is recognized through international human rights conventions. (
  • The Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (C087) and several other conventions specifically protect collective bargaining through the creation of international labour standards that discourage countries from violating workers' rights to associate and collectively bargain. (
  • Two-and-a-half years after mostly sparing police officers and firefighters, Gov. Scott Walker said this week he is open to the idea of limiting their ability to collectively bargain. (
  • Online PR News - 09-March-2013 - March 7, 2013 St. Paul /MN - St. Paul, MN Earlier this evening March 7, 2013, legislation authorizing home-based child care providers to bargain collectively with the State of Minnesota was passed in the Early Childhood and Youth Development Committee. (
  • The predominant way researchers have sought to overcome this difficulty is by using the passage of state "duty-to-bargain (DTB)" laws over time, which mandate that school districts negotiate with elected union representatives in good faith. (
  • The workers did not have an enterprise union to represent them so on 23 August they democratically elected 18 of their own representatives, including three treasurers to watch over their collective campaign funds. (
  • What's more likely is that, as has happened in Virginia, where teachers have had essentially no collective bargaining rights for more than 20 years, teachers, administrators and school boards will find other ways to work together and negotiate things like benefits and teacher development. (
  • The employer thus agrees to negotiate the matter and the bargaining process begins. (
  • For example, in respect of working time, collective bargaining has been used in some countries to balance worker interests for work/ life balance with employer interests for flexible working time schedules and a reduction in the cost of overtime. (
  • Since both the employer and workers have areas of common interest, the bargaining is not stretched too far, because, then it will be counter productive. (
  • The underlying force behind the collective action is the assumption - valid enough - that the employees and employer have vital common interests. (
  • More than 200 sanitation workers in Guangzhou's University Town took to the streets on 26 August, ( see photo below) demanding collective bargaining with their employer, a property services company, whose cleaning contract with the local government is due to expire at the end of the month. (
  • Generally countries with sectoral collective bargaining have higher rates of union organisation and better coverage of collective agreements than countries with enterprise bargaining. (
  • Sectoral bargaining was promoted by the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933, but struck down and replaced by enterprise bargaining under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935. (
  • The meaning, purpose and relevance of collective bargaining as an effective tool of harmonious labour relation have been subjects of extensive discussion since the first comprehensive international instrument on collective bargaining came into being in 1948. (
  • Article 2 of The Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention of 1948 which defines collective bargaining is virtually replicated in the Trade Disputes Act of Nigeria. (
  • We cannot just compare student outcomes across schools with different collective bargaining behavior. (
  • Provided that passage of DTB laws is uncorrelated with changes in student characteristics, examining how outcomes change across students who were differentially exposed to these laws provides a way to estimate the causal effect of collective bargaining on student outcomes. (
  • Duration and wage adjustment provisions of collective bargaining agreements. (
  • The statistics of collective agreements provides information on individual collective agreements, for example, on the level of agreed earnings in the various pay groups, on extra payments and one-off payments, and on terms and major provisions of the agreements. (
  • First, districts in which teachers' unions engage in collective bargaining tend to be different from those that don't, usually in ways that correlate strongly with student achievement. (
  • Countries with greater collective bargaining coverage and collective bargaining that occurs primarily above the firm level tend to have smaller pay gaps than do other countries. (
  • And while that may be mildly comforting to firefighters who want to keep their collective-bargaining rights, it doesn't change the fact that the Republican governor has an opportunity to take those rights away, and he's clearly interested in doing just that. (
  • Do you support collective bargaining for Colorado firefighters? (
  • Collective bargaining and the promotion of equality : the case of the United Kingdom ," ILO Working Papers 992966393402676, International Labour Organization. (
  • A section from the report "Official Bulletin: Series B: Truth, Reconciliation and Justice in Zimbabwe" is presented, concerning other allegations received by the Commission on Inquiry of the International Labour Organization (ILO) on governmental interference collective bargaining and social. (
  • What is the role of the chair person in any collective bargaining process? (
  • Edoba Omoregie, in this piece, however, questions the rationale of this assertion in the light of international instruments to which Nigeria is a signatory and its municipal legislations on labour matters and concludes that collective bargaining is not only a normative mechanism for harmonious labour relations, but that its adoption in the FG/ASUU renegotiation process is consistent with the country’s international obligations and its extant municipal legal regime. (
  • Nevertheless, even if we now better understand the bargaining "relation," we feel there is still much more to be understood and it seems that social psychology alone might not be able to reach the bottom of the decision-making process underlying collective bargaining. (
  • An introduction to collective bargaining: it will cover the legal requirements of the Labour Code, the bargaining process and the organizational structure and components of collective agreements, including the grievance-arbitration process. (
  • The university values the contributions of its many employees across all unionized groups and is fully committed to the collective bargaining process. (
  • The university and the Ontario Nurses' Association, Local 67, have entered into conciliation as part of the collective bargaining process. (
  • Note: In addition to the process described here, ORS 243.698 provides for a 90-day expedited bargaining process for changes in mandatory conditions during the term of a contract as discussed below. (
  • Collective bargaining systems are at a crossroads in many OECD countries. (
  • A Manifesto for Labour Law US labor law UK labour law German labour law H Collins, KD Ewing and A McColgan, Labour law in context (Cambridge University Press 2012) 546 See Collective bargaining coverage from Reforms under Macron have since allowed enterprise agreements to under sector agreements. (
  • That said, comparatively little is known in any detail of the changing pattern of the institutions of collective bargaining and worker representation in Germany and still less in both countries about firm transitions between these institutions over time. (
  • Chapter 3 investigates the role of collective bargaining institutions for labour market performance. (
  • A special section on table tactics covers roles of the bargaining team, ground rules, and questioning techniques. (
  • Item 2(a) of the International Labour Organization's Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work defines the "freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining" as an essential right of workers. (
  • Sound collective bargaining benefits both management and workers, and the peace and stability it promotes benefit society more generally. (
  • Protecting Collective Bargaining and Official Time for Federal Workers Act, S. 3583, 116th Cong. (
  • Collective bargaining in the United States leads to more equal pay between men and women and between white workers and workers of color. (
  • 10 In addition, unionized workers have a collective voice to push for policies that further reduce gender and racial wage gaps. (
  • Originally the central questions about unions were why and how socially inferior bargaining groups managed to redistribute wealth and gain recognition. (
  • State legislation governing collective bargaining representative. (
  • It contrasts to enterprise bargaining where agreements cover individual firms. (
  • and Bank of Canada 2 Major collective agreements cover 500 or more employees across Canada. (
  • In Sweden the coverage of collective agreements is very high despite the absence of legal mechanisms to extend agreements to whole industries. (
  • The communication about collective bargaining agreements coverage to employees is varied. (
  • The assessment of the conditions of subcontractors is negative, especially on the field of labor relations and even more in the coverage of collective bargaining agreements," notes the research. (
  • The report contains recommendations and examples of legislation, regulations, administrative guidelines, and collective bargaining language in 12 policy areas. (
  • Preparation for Collective Bargaining (LR201) is a required prerequisite and must be completed prior to taking Effective Collective Bargaining Skills and Strategies (LR203). (
  • And they bargain for things that affect students indirectly, like the length of classes, the number of breaks taken during a teacher day, and parent-teacher communications, although the result of those things is less clear. (
  • Garrett: Supreme Court upholds collective bargaining changes State Sen. Julian Garrett represents District 13, which includes Madison and Warren counties, including the cities of Indianola, Norwalk and Winterset. (
  • A new report, "Advancing High-Quality Professional Learning Through Collective Bargaining and State Policy," calls for more collaboration and a common set of standards for developing policy on professional development for teachers. (
  • Members of the task force who worked on the report hope it will be used to guide the development of collective bargaining agreements, memorandums of understanding, and state policies that strengthen professional development in order to improve teaching and learning. (
  • The four national organizations formed a productive partnership that serves as a model for how state and local stakeholders can join forces to create and promote collective bargaining agreements and policies to strengthen and enhance the quality of teaching and student learning. (
  • Article discusses confusion as to whether state or federal labor relations boards may decide the collective bargaining rights of housestaff in non-profit hospitals. (
  • The Center for American Progress has proposed moving toward this broader type of collective bargaining in the private sector. (
  • Results from a statewide survey released today by Myers Research reveals strong voter support (86%) for ensuring collective bargaining rights for Colorado fire fighters. (
  • Steve Gorkin, Former Vice President, Global Labor Relations, Colgate-Palmolive Company, was the company's chief spokesperson in the U.S., with preparation responsibility for collective bargaining agreements. (
  • However, these advances struggle to explain and predict accurately many of the behaviors that happen during bargaining, particularly with regard to the dynamics of concessions and trust. (
  • Some of the late discoveries about collective bargaining dynamics come from the use of social psychology theoretical framework. (
  • The timely results of this survey are arriving just as a firefighter collective bargaining bill, Senate Bill 13-025 , passed the Senate on Tuesday, February 6, 2013, and moves to the House. (
  • The parties are notified of the appointment and a mediation session is scheduled as soon as a mediator and the members of both bargaining teams are available. (
  • Collective bargaining rights do correlate positively with increased teacher salaries and greater school district expenditure -but it's never been shown that more money equals better student performance. (
  • We are committed to advancing these principles through community engagement, organizing, collective bargaining and political activism, and especially through the work our members do. (
  • Freedom of association and the exercise of collective bargaining provide opportunities for constructive rather than confrontational dialogue, and this harnesses energy to focus on solutions that result in benefits to the enterprise, its stakeholders, and society at large. (
  • It has also ratified the Collective Bargaining Convention of 1981 (and its Recommendations), the most recent international instruments on this subject. (
  • In 1979, in a memorandum to the Royal Commission on the Health Service, ACAS drew attention to problems in the development of appropriate local collective bargaining machinery in the NHS. (
  • NEA local affiliates represent paraeducators' interests in collective bargaining. (
  • Thus the collective bargaining draws its power from the strength of being united. (
  • Collective bargaining improves the labour relations climate by providing an institutionalised and agreed way of managing conflict. (