A non-fibrillar collagen found in BASEMENT MEMBRANE. The C-terminal end of the alpha1 chain of collagen type XVIII contains the ENDOSTATIN peptide, which can be released by proteolytic cleavage.
Angiostatic proteins that are formed from proteolytic cleavage of COLLAGEN TYPE XVIII.
A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).
A layer of the cornea. It is the basal lamina of the CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM (from which it is secreted) separating it from the CORNEAL STROMA. It is a homogeneous structure composed of fine collagenous filaments, and slowly increases in thickness with age.
The most common form of fibrillar collagen. It is a major constituent of bone (BONE AND BONES) and SKIN and consists of a heterotrimer of two alpha1(I) and one alpha2(I) chains.
A darkly stained mat-like EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX (ECM) that separates cell layers, such as EPITHELIUM from ENDOTHELIUM or a layer of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. The ECM layer that supports an overlying EPITHELIUM or ENDOTHELIUM is called basal lamina. Basement membrane (BM) can be formed by the fusion of either two adjacent basal laminae or a basal lamina with an adjacent reticular lamina of connective tissue. BM, composed mainly of TYPE IV COLLAGEN; glycoprotein LAMININ; and PROTEOGLYCAN, provides barriers as well as channels between interacting cell layers.
A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is frequently up-regulated in human GASTRIC CANCER and is a tumor marker (BIOMARKERS, TUMOR) of gastric and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A fibrillar collagen consisting of three identical alpha1(III) chains that is widely distributed in many tissues containing COLLAGEN TYPE I. It is particularly abundant in BLOOD VESSELS and may play a role in tissues with elastic characteristics.
A non-fibrillar collagen found in the structure of BASEMENT MEMBRANE. Collagen type IV molecules assemble to form a sheet-like network which is involved in maintaining the structural integrity of basement membranes. The predominant form of the protein is comprised of two alpha1(IV) subunits and one alpha2(IV) subunit, however, at least six different alpha subunits can be incorporated into the heterotrimer.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A form of rapid-onset LIVER FAILURE, also known as fulminant hepatic failure, caused by severe liver injury or massive loss of HEPATOCYTES. It is characterized by sudden development of liver dysfunction and JAUNDICE. Acute liver failure may progress to exhibit cerebral dysfunction even HEPATIC COMA depending on the etiology that includes hepatic ISCHEMIA, drug toxicity, malignant infiltration, and viral hepatitis such as post-transfusion HEPATITIS B and HEPATITIS C.
A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.
Reagents with two reactive groups, usually at opposite ends of the molecule, that are capable of reacting with and thereby forming bridges between side chains of amino acids in proteins; the locations of naturally reactive areas within proteins can thereby be identified; may also be used for other macromolecules, like glycoproteins, nucleic acids, or other.
Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE and FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE.
An enzyme oxidizing peptidyl-lysyl-peptide in the presence of water & molecular oxygen to yield peptidyl-allysyl-peptide plus ammonia & hydrogen peroxide. EC 1.4.3.13.
A noninflammatory, usually bilateral protrusion of the cornea, the apex being displaced downward and nasally. It occurs most commonly in females at about puberty. The cause is unknown but hereditary factors may play a role. The -conus refers to the cone shape of the corneal protrusion. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Drugs that are pharmacologically inactive but when exposed to ultraviolet radiation or sunlight are converted to their active metabolite to produce a beneficial reaction affecting the diseased tissue. These compounds can be administered topically or systemically and have been used therapeutically to treat psoriasis and various types of neoplasms.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Condensed areas of cellular material that may be bounded by a membrane.
A class of fibrous proteins or scleroproteins that represents the principal constituent of EPIDERMIS; HAIR; NAILS; horny tissues, and the organic matrix of tooth ENAMEL. Two major conformational groups have been characterized, alpha-keratin, whose peptide backbone forms a coiled-coil alpha helical structure consisting of TYPE I KERATIN and a TYPE II KERATIN, and beta-keratin, whose backbone forms a zigzag or pleated sheet structure. alpha-Keratins have been classified into at least 20 subtypes. In addition multiple isoforms of subtypes have been found which may be due to GENE DUPLICATION.
A type I keratin that is found associated with the KERATIN-1 in terminally differentiated epidermal cells such as those that form the stratum corneum. Mutations in the genes that encode keratin-10 have been associated with HYPERKERATOSIS, EPIDERMOLYTIC.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.
Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).
A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.
ARTHRITIS that is induced in experimental animals. Immunological methods and infectious agents can be used to develop experimental arthritis models. These methods include injections of stimulators of the immune response, such as an adjuvant (ADJUVANTS, IMMUNOLOGIC) or COLLAGEN.
A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.
Major component of chondrocyte EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX of various tissues including bone, tendon, ligament, SYNOVIUM and blood vessels. It binds MATRILIN PROTEINS and is associated with development of cartilage and bone.
PROTEOGLYCANS-associated proteins that are major components of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX of various tissues including CARTILAGE; and INTERVERTEBRAL DISC structures. They bind COLLAGEN fibers and contain protein domains that enable oligomer formation and interaction with other extracellular matrix proteins such as CARTILAGE OLIGOMERIC MATRIX PROTEIN.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The use of focused short radio waves to produce local hyperthermia in an injured person or diseased body area.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Implantable devices which continuously monitor the electrical activity of the heart and automatically detect and terminate ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) and VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION. They consist of an impulse generator, batteries, and electrodes.
Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.
Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.
Basic glycoprotein members of the SERPIN SUPERFAMILY that function as COLLAGEN-specific MOLECULAR CHAPERONES in the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM.
A fibrillar collagen found predominantly in CARTILAGE and vitreous humor. It consists of three identical alpha1(II) chains.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.
A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.
A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE that is a source of triterpenoids and diterpene epoxides such as triptolide.
Organic compounds that include a cyclic ether with three ring atoms in their structure. They are commonly used as precursors for POLYMERS such as EPOXY RESINS.
Twenty-carbon compounds derived from MEVALONIC ACID or deoxyxylulose phosphate.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
A plant species of the genus PANAX. It contains damarane-type tetracyclic TRITERPENES. The common names of Sanchi or Tienchi are also used for Panax pseudoginseng which is distinguished in containing oleanane-type pentacyclic triterpenoids.

Endostatin induces endothelial cell apoptosis. (1/137)

Endostatin, a carboxyl-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, has been shown to regress tumors in mice. In this study, we have analyzed the mechanism of endostatin action on endothelial cells and nonendothelial cells. Endostatin treatment of cow pulmonary artery endothelial cells caused apoptosis, as demonstrated by three methods, annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate staining, caspase 3, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end-labeling assay. Moreover, addition of endostatin led to a marked reduction of the Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL anti-apoptotic protein, whereas Bax protein levels were unaffected. These effects were not seen in several nonendothelial cells. Collectively, these findings provide important mechanistic insight into endostatin action.  (+info)

Endostatin binds to blood vessels in situ independent of heparan sulfate and does not compete for fibroblast growth factor-2 binding. (2/137)

Endostatin is a carboxyl-terminal proteolytic fragment of collagen XVIII and a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. The mechanism of action is unknown, but the crystal structure of endostatin predicts a prominent heparan sulfate binding site, suggesting that endostatin competitively inhibits heparin-binding angiogenic factors, such as basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2). The goal of the study was to map endostatin binding sites in intact human tissues and to determine whether this binding is heparan sulfate dependent. In situ binding was performed with recombinant epitope-tagged murine endostatin. Endostatin predominantly binds to blood vessels of different calibers in a saturable fashion. In addition, binding to some epithelial basement membranes is seen. The localization pattern is similar to that reported for collagen XVIII, endostatin's parent molecule. In breast carcinomas, endostatin co-localizes largely with FGF-2. In a surprising contrast to FGF-2, endostatin binding is resistant to treatment with heparitinase, demonstrating that binding is not mediated by heparan sulfate proteoglycans. Furthermore, FGF-2 and heparin do not compete for endostatin binding, providing additional evidence for the discreteness of endostatin and FGF-binding sites.  (+info)

Angiogenesis inhibitor endostatin is a distinct component of elastic fibers in vessel walls. (3/137)

Theendothelial cell inhibitor endostatin (22 kDa) is part of the carboxyl-terminal globular domain of collagen XVIII and shows a widespread tissue distribution. Immunohistology of adult mouse tissues demonstrated a preferred localization in many vessel walls and some other basement membrane zones. A strong immunogold staining was observed across elastic fibers in the multiple elastic membranes of aorta and other large arteries. Staining was less strong along sparse elastic fibers of veins and almost none was observed in the walls of arterioles and capillaries. Strong evidence was also obtained for some intracellular and basement membrane associations. Immunogold double staining of elastic fibers showed a close colocalization of endostatin with fibulin-2, fibulin-1, and nidogen-2, but not with perlecan. Reasonable amounts of endostatin could be extracted from aorta and skin by EDTA, followed by detergents, with aorta being the richest source of the inhibitor identified so far. Solubilizations with collagenase and elastase were approximately fivefold less efficient. Immunoblots of aortic extracts detected major endostatin components of 22-25 kDa whereas skin extracts also contained some larger components. Solid-phase assays demonstrated distinct binding of recombinant mouse endostatin to the fibulins and nidogen-2, consistent with their tissue colocalization. Together, the data indicate several different ways for endostatin to be associated with the extracellular matrix, and its release may determine biological activation. This also defines a novel function for some elastic tissues.  (+info)

The generation of endostatin is mediated by elastase. (4/137)

Endostatin, a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth, is a COOH-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII derived through cleavage of an Ala-His linkage by an as yet unidentified endostatin-processing enzyme. Endostatin was originally isolated from the conditioned medium of hemangioendothelioma (EOMA) cells. By investigating the processing of collagen XVIII to endostatin by EOMA cells, we show here that the generation of endostatin can be mediated by an elastase activity. We also show that several members of the elastase family can act as an endostatin-processing enzyme by specifically cleaving the Ala-His linkage and releasing endostatin from a precursor molecule. We further suggest that the generation of endostatin from collagen XVIII is at least a two-step process, involving a metal-dependent early step and an elastase activity-dependent final step.  (+info)

Purification and characterization of recombinant murine endostatin in E. coli. (5/137)

Endostatin, a carboxyl-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII is known as an anti-angiogenic agent, that specifically inhibits the proliferation of endothelial cell and the growth of several primary tumor. We report here the purification and characterization of the recombinant murine endostatin (rmEndostatin) which was expressed in a prokaryotic expression system. This rmEndostatin has similar physiochemical properties of yeast-produced recombinant endostatin, and it also specifically inhibits the proliferation and migration of bovine capillary endothelial cells stimulated by basic fibroblast growth factor. The biological activity of rmEndostatin was also shown by its anti-angiogenic ability on the chorioallantoic membrane of chick embryo in vivo. In this article, we demonstrate the refolding and purification of rmEndostatin, expressed using E. coli system, to a biologically active and soluble form. In addition, these results confirm the activity of endostatin as a potent anti-angiogenic agent.  (+info)

Reality testing in cancer treatment: the phase I trial of endostatin. (6/137)

Shortly before his death in 1995, Kenneth B. Schwartz, a cancer patient at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), founded The Kenneth B. Schwartz Center at MGH. The Schwartz Center is a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting and advancing compassionate health care delivery which provides hope to the patient, support to caregivers, and encourages the healing process. The center sponsors the Schwartz Center Rounds, a monthly multidisciplinary forum where caregivers reflect on important psychosocial issues faced by patients, their families, and their caregivers, and gain insight and support from fellow staff members. The September 1999 Schwartz Center Rounds addressed the growing attention around the phase I trial of Endostatin. Endostatin represents a new treatment paradigm. It is an anti-angiogenic protein, an endogenous fragment of collagen XVIII. In an attempt to ensure a fair allocation of a very limited number of treatment slots in this classical phase I trial, a lottery was established. More than 1,400 patients enrolled within two days of the lottery, all vying for three places in the first cohort. Two contrasting cases are presented, each a potentially eligible patient. The discussion focuses on the dilemma presented by patients desperate for an unproven treatment and the responsibility of staff to explain and support without compounding the hype or suffocating the hope.  (+info)

Secreted cathepsin L generates endostatin from collagen XVIII. (7/137)

Endostatin, an inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth, was identified originally in conditioned media of murine hemangioendothelioma (EOMA) cells. N-terminal amino acid sequencing demonstrated that it corresponds to a fragment of basement membrane collagen XVIII. Here we report that cathepsin L is secreted by EOMA cells and is responsible for the generation of endostatin with the predicted N-terminus, while metalloproteases produce larger fragments in a parallel processing pathway. Efficient endostatin generation requires a moderately acidic pH similar to the pericellular milieu of tumors. The secretion of cathepsin L by a tumor cell line of endothelial origin suggests that this cathepsin may play a role in angiogenesis. We propose that cleavage within collagen XVIII's protease-sensitive region evolved to regulate excessive proteolysis in conditions of induced angiogenesis.  (+info)

Increased concentrations of the circulating angiogenesis inhibitor endostatin in patients with systemic sclerosis. (8/137)

OBJECTIVE: Endostatin is an angiogenesis inhibitor derived from type XVIII collagen. The aim of this study was to determine the concentrations of circulating endostatin in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), and to assess the relationship between these concentrations, extension of tissular sclerosis, and presence of cutaneous scars or ulcers. METHODS: The study involved 50 patients with SSc and 30 healthy subjects. Cutaneous extension of sclerosis was graded according to Barnett's classification system: 33 patients had grade I SSc and 17 patients had grades II or III SSc. The results of pulmonary function tests were abnormal in 31 of 50 patients, 8 of whom also had abnormalities on chest radiograms. Cutaneous scars or ulcers were found in 22 of 50 patients. Endostatin concentrations were determined using a competitive enzyme immunoassay method. RESULTS: The mean circulating endostatin concentration was significantly higher in the SSc group than in the healthy subjects group (mean +/- SD 53.2 +/- 22.4 ng/ml versus 9.9 +/- 9.7 ng/ml; P < 10(-4)), in patients with grade II or grade III SSc than in patients with grade I SSc (63.2 +/- 20.2 ng/ml versus 45.1 +/- 15.6 ng/ml; P < 10(-2)), in patients with abnormal findings on chest radiograms than in patients with normal findings on chest radiograms (67.6 +/- 22.4 ng/ml versus 50.4 +/- 21.6 ng/ml; P < 0.05), and in patients with cutaneous scars or ulcers than in patients without these manifestations (60.9 +/- 25.9 ng/ml versus 47.2 +/- 13.3 ng/ml; P < 10(-2)). CONCLUSION: Circulating endostatin concentrations are significantly increased in patients with SSc. Production of endostatin may result from tissular sclerosis and could contribute to the development of ischemic manifestations.  (+info)

This gene encodes the alpha chain of type XVIII collagen. This collagen is one of the multiplexins, extracellular matrix proteins that contain multiple triple-helix domains (collagenous domains) interrupted by non-collagenous domains. The proteolytically produced C-terminal fragment of type XVIII collagen is endostatin, a potent antiangiogenic protein. Mutations in this gene are associated with Knobloch syndrome. The main features of this syndrome involve retinal abnormalities so type XVIII collagen may play an important role in retinal structure and in neural tube closure. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[6]. ...
Collagen XVIII is a component of the highly specialized extracellular matrix associated with basement membranes of epithelia and endothelia. and capillary rarefaction. Anti-GBM BMS 378806 disease upregulated collagen XVIII/endostatin manifestation within the GBM and Bowmans capsule of wild-type mice. Collagen XVIII/endostatin-deficient mice developed more severe glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury than wild-type mice. Collagen XVIII/endostatin deficiency altered matrix redesigning enhanced the inflammatory response and advertised capillary rarefaction and vascular endothelial cell damage but did not impact endothelial proliferation. Supplementing collagen XVIII-deficient mice with exogenous endostatin did not affect the progression of anti-GBM disease. Taken together these results suggest that collagen XVIII/endostatin preserves the integrity of the extracellular matrix and capillaries in the kidney avoiding intensifying glomerulonephritis. The main constituents of most cellar membranes ...
Knobloch syndrome is a rare condition characterized by severe vision problems and a skull defect.A characteristic feature of Knobloch syndrome is extreme nearsightedness (high myopia). In addition, several other eye abnormalities are common in people with this condition. Explore symptoms, inheritance, genetics of this condition.
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Michael B Duncan, Changqing Yang, Harikrishna Tanjore, Patrick M Boyle, Doruk Keskin, Hikaru Sugimoto, Michael Zeisberg, Bjorn R Olsen, Raghu Kalluri].
Epithelial keratinization involves complex cellular modifications that provide protection against pathogens and chemical and mechanical injuries. In the oral cavity, keratinized mucosa is also crucial to maintain healthy periodontal or peri-implant tissues. In this study, we investigated the roles o …
Complete information for COL18A1 gene (Protein Coding), Collagen Type XVIII Alpha 1 Chain, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Endostatin is a naturally occurring, 20-kDa C-terminal fragment derived from type XVIII collagen. It is reported to serve as an anti-angiogenic agent, similar to angiostatin and thrombospondin. Endostatin is a broad-spectrum angiogenesis inhibitor and may interfere with the pro-angiogenic action of growth factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF/FGF-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Endostatin is an endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis. It was first found secreted in the media of non-metastasizing mouse cells from a hemangioendothelioma cell line in 1997 and was subsequently found in humans. It is produced by proteolytic cleavage of collagen XVIII, a member of the multiplexin family that is characterized by interruptions in the triple helix creating multiple domains, by proteases such as cathepsins. Collagen is a component of epithelial and endothelial basement membranes. Endostatin, as a fragment of collagen 18, demonstrates a role of the ECM in suppression of ...
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Activin A, ADAMTS-1, Amphiregulin, Angiogenin, Angiopoietin-1, Angiopoietin-2, Angiostatin/Plasminogen, Artemin, CCL2/MCP-1, CCL3/MIP-1 alpha, CXCL16, CXCL4/PF4, CXCL8/IL-8, DPPIV/CD26, EGF, EG-VEGF, Endoglin/CD105, Endostatin/Collagen XVIII, Endothelin-1, FGF acidic, FGF basic, FGF-4, FGF-7/KGF, GDNF, GM-CSF, HB-EGF, HGF, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IL-1 beta, LAP (TGF-beta 1), Leptin, MMP-8, MMP-9, NRG1-beta 1, PD-ECGF, PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB/PDGF-BB, Pentraxin 3, Persephin, PlGF, Prolactin, Serpin B5/Maspin, Serpin E1/PAI-1, Serpin F1/PEDF, Thrombospondin-1, Thrombospondin-2, TIMP-1, TIMP-4, Tissue Factor/Factor III, uPA, Vasohibin, VEGF, VEGF- ...
Multiplexin (Mp) is the Drosophila orthologue of vertebrate collagens XV and XVIII. Like them, Mp is widely distributed in the basement membranes of the developing embryos, including those of neuroblasts in the central and peripheral nervous systems, visceral muscles of the gut, and contractile cardioblasts. Here we report the identification of mutant larvae bearing piggyBac transposon insertions that exhibit decrease Mp production associated with abdominal cuticular and wing margin defects, malformation of sensory organs and impaired sensitivity to physical stimuli. Additional findings include the abnormal ultrastructure of fatbody associated with abnormal collagen IV deposition, and reduced Wingless deposition. Collectively, these findings are consistent with the notion that Mp is required for the proper formation and/or maintenance of basement membrane, and that Mp may be involved in establishing the Wingless signaling gradients in the Drosophila embryo ...
Volume XVIII of The Mushroom Growers Newsletter includes 12 issues from Volume XVIII Number 1 - May 2009 through Volume XVIII Number 12 - April 2010. This is a paper product and will be mailed to you.. ...
Objective: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is characterised by enhanced proteolytic activity, and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling in the vascular wall. Type IV and XVIII collagen/endostatin are structural proteins in vascular basement membrane (VBM), a specialised ECM structure. Here the association between plasma levels of these collagens with the aortic diameter and expansion rate is studied, and their expression in aortic tissue characterised. Methods: This was a retrospective population based cohort study. Type IV and XVIII collagen/endostatin were analysed in plasma by ELISA assay in 615 men, divided into three groups based on the aortic diameter: 1) normal aorta ,= 25 mm, 2) sub-aneurysmal aorta (SAA) 26-29 mm, and 3) AAA ,= 30 mm. Follow up data were available for 159 men. The association between collagen levels and aortic diameter at baseline, and with the expansion rate at follow up were analysed in ordinal logistic regression and linear regression models, controlling for common ...
If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
Akt Inhibitor XVIII, SC66 - Calbiochem The Akt Inhibitor XVIII, SC66 controls the biological activity of Akt. This small molecule/inhibitor is primarily used for Phosphorylation & Dephosphorylation applications. - Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more information.
Endostatin, 0.5 ml. Endostatin, which corresponds to the C terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, is a potent inhibitor of endothelial cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis.
Study XVIII - The Male Genital System flashcards from Ria Cabrera's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster with spaced repetition.
Study XVIII - The Male Genital System flashcards from Annie Anceno's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster with spaced repetition.
The Marine Aquarium and Reef Society of Houston (MARSH) couldnt be happier to have been selected as the host of the 18th annual Marine Aquarium Conference of North America (MACNA XVIII) . Planning
There is no limited free in the 2008 likeable way. 41, the Department said the 15th free Греки в истории in the employment. 41, but is as requires a more societal free Греки в истории России XVIII XIX веков 2008 of the anger of an system that is the visible glutathion.
In 1709, French monarch Louis XIV ordered police to the abbey of Port-Royal des Champs in an attempt to control the Jansenists; followers of a spiritual...
For credit ratings that are derived exclusively from an existing credit rating of a program, series, category/class of debt, support provider or primary rated entity, or that replace a previously assigned provisional rating at the same rating level, Moodys publishes a rating announcement on that series, category/class of debt or program as a whole, on the support provider or primary rated entity, or on the provisional rating, but often does not publish a specific rating announcement on each subsequent bond or note for which the credit rating is derived from the existing credit rating. Rating announcements are usually press releases classified as Rating Actions on www.moodys.com. Please refer to the Research tab on the issuer/entity page for the rating announcement. ...
The cruelty of sports is that a single brain fart can define an entire career. But feel no pity for the idiots on this list: They deserve that permanent dunce cap welded to their pin heads
Terquan had one of Taluens hounds clamped on his arm. Viresse couldnt tell which, because Terquan then flung his arm and detached the dog with the momentum. The dog flew free of his arm, leaving a gaping gash where his teeth tore through Terquans flesh, and thudded to the ground less than a ped away from her and Rube. The hound - Viresse now recognized it as Bane - shook off the blow, and quickly leaped back at Terquan. Terquan yelled, though it sounded inhuman to Viresse, as he swatted with his hand at Banes head, slamming the dog again into the ground ...
Allows you to place a property on hold for 48 hours for specific dates without any obligation to reserve the property. To do so, you need only to register on our website. You can proceed with your reservation at any time during the 48 hour hold period ...
Endometrioza ki raste nekje drugje, razen endometrija, reagira tudi hormonske signale mesečnega menstrualnega ciklusa z oblikovanjem tkivo, ga rešuje, in jih odpravili skozi menstruacije. Porabili smo veliko časa, da bi razpravljali, kako konvencionalno in tradicionalne kitajske medicine za zdravljenje endometrioze. V
The volume includes the following contributions:. Johan Muskala: Lars Steenslands publicerade skrifter. Per Ambrosiani: Названия стран света в славянских языках: север и юг [Nazvanija stran sveta v slavjanskich jazykach: sever i jug]. Jan Ivar Bjørnflaten: Na halavá vjancý nadéli: Grammaticalization and Russian Historical Morphology. Per-Arne Bodin: Översättning av den ortodoxa kyrkans realia från ryska till svenska. Ludmila Ferm: Глагольное управление в русском языке XVIII века: узус и норма [Glagol´noe upravlenie v russkom jazyke XVIII veka: uzus i norma]. Larisa Korobenko: Från Pskov till Uppsala - så här!. Magnus Ljunggren: Belyjs Peterburg and Switzerland. Irina Lysén: К вопросу о методах анализа переводческой техники первых славянских переводчиков библейских текстов [K voprosu o metodach analiza ...
1986, Publications universitaires européennes. Série III, Histoire, sciences auxiliaires de lhistoire, ISBN 3820487549, Volume Bd. 292, xviii, ...
Published by : Plenum Press, (New York ; London : ) , 1979 Physical details: XVIII, 544 str. : ilustr. ; 25 cm. ISBN:0306402317. ...
流感嗜血杆菌(Hi)是呼吸道感染关键致病菌,临床疾病为脑膜炎、肺炎、蜂窝织炎、败血症、骨髓炎和心包炎等,是导
Approach and Results-Serum endostatin was analyzed in 2 community-based cohorts: the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS; women 50%, n=931; mean age, 70 years; median follow-up, 7.9 years) and the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM; n=748; mean age, 77 years; median follow-up, 9.7 years). During follow-up, 90 participants died in PIVUS (1.28/100 person-years at risk), and 417 participants died in ULSAM (6.7/100 person-years at risk). In multivariable Cox regression models adjusted for age and established cardiovascular risk factors, 1 SD higher ln(serum endostatin level) was associated with a hazard ratio of mortality of 1.39 and 95% confidence interval, 1.26 to 1.53, on average in both cohorts. In the ULSAM cohort, serum endostatin was also associated with cardiovascular mortality (177 deaths; hazard ratio per SD of ln[endostatin] 1.45, 95% confidence interval [1.25-1.71]) and cancer mortality (115 deaths; hazard ratio per SD of ln[endostatin] ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Anti-Angiogenic Activity of Mouse N-/C-terminal deleted Endostatin. AU - Cho, Heeyeong. AU - Kim, Woo Jean. AU - Lee, Sae Woo. AU - Kim, Young Mi. AU - Choi, Eu Yul. AU - Park, Yong Suk. AU - Kwon, Young-Guen. AU - Kim, Kyu Won. PY - 2001/5/31. Y1 - 2001/5/31. N2 - Endostatin, a proteolytic fragment of collagen XVIII, is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and the growth of several primary tumors. However, the opinions on the activity of endostatin derivatives deleted N- or C- terminal are still controversial. In this regard, we produced mouse endostatin and its derivatives in the prokaryotic system, and studied their anti-tumor activity. The [3H]-thymidine incorporation assay demonstrated that N-terminal deleted mouse endostatin, and a C- and N-terminal deleted mutant, effectively inhibited the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The biological activity of endostatin was also shown by its in vivo anti-angiogenic ability on the chorioallantoic ...
To compare the effectiveness and safety of recombinant Human recombinant endostatin (Endostar) combined with concurrent radiochemotherapy versus concurrent
Endostatin, a C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, binds to TG-2 (transglutaminase-2) in a cation-dependent manner. Recombinant human endostatin binds to TG-2 with an affinity in the nanomolar range (Kd=6.8 nM). Enzymatic assays indicated that, in contrast with other extracellular matrix proteins, endostatin is not a glutaminyl substrate of TG-2 and is not cross-linked to itself by the enzyme. Two arginine residues of endostatin, Arg27 and Arg139, are crucial for its binding to TG-2. They are also involved in the binding to heparin [Sasaki, Larsson, Kreuger, Salmivirta, Claesson-Welsh, Lindahl, Hohenester and Timpl (1999) EMBO J. 18, 6240-6248], and to α5β1 and αvβ3 integrins [Faye, Moreau, Chautard, Jetne, Fukai, Ruggiero, Humphries, Olsen and Ricard-Blum (2009) J. Biol. Chem. 284, 22029-22040], suggesting that endostatin is not able to interact simultaneously with TG-2 and heparan sulfate, or with TG-2 and integrins. Inhibition experiments support the hypothesis that the GTP-binding site ...
Clinical effects of cisplatin plus recombinant human endostatin (rh-endostatin) intratumoral injection on malignant central airway obstruction: a retrospective analysis of 319 cases
[109 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Human Endostatin Sales Market Report 2017 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the global Human Endostatin market is valued...
Varandani, P T. and Nafz, M A., Insulin degradation. Xviii. On the regulation of glutathione- insulin transhydrogenase in the hyperglycemic obese (ob/ob) mouse. (1976). Subject Strain Bibliography 1976. 3628 ...
The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) is a coding of diseases and signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or diseases, as classified by the World Health Organization (WHO).[1] This page contains ICD-10 Chapter XVIII: Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings.. ...
This thematic special edition of the Mark XVIII with blue dial has a compact case that unites all the functions and style cues of a typical Pilots Watch.
Chapter XVIII: Future Condition Of Three Races In The United States-Part IThe Present And Probable Future Condition Of The Three Races Which Inhabit The Territory Of The United StatesThe principal ...
I established The Wild Reed in 2006 as a sign of solidarity with all who are dedicated to living lives of integrity - though, in particular, with gay people seeking to be true to both the gift of their sexuality and their Catholic faith. The Wild Reeds original by-line read, Thoughts and reflections from a progressive, gay, Catholic perspective. As you can see, it reads differently now. This is because my journey has, in many ways, taken me beyond, or perhaps better still, deeper into the realities that the words progressive, gay, and Catholic seek to describe ...
2. To point out to the Government of Paraguay that such events constitute very serious violations of the rights to liberty and personal security (Article I of the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man); of the right to protection for the family (Article VI); of the right to the inviolability of the home (Article IX); of the right to a fair trial (Article XVIII); of the right of protection against arbitrary arrest (Article XXV); and of the right to due process of law (Article XXVI ...
Capernaum, Autumn, a.d. 29.) ^A Matt. XVIII. 1-14; ^B Mark IX. 33-50; ^C Luke IX. 46-50. ^c 46 And there arose a reasoning among them, which of them was the greatest. ^b 33 And he came to Capernaum: ^c 47 But when Jesus saw the reasoning of their heart, ^b and when he was in the house [probably Simon Peters house] he asked them, What were ye reasoning on the way? 34 But they held their peace: for they had disputed one with another on the way, who was the greatest. [The Lord with his disciples was … ...
Authors: Seliverstov A.. Fast enumeration of rational numbers and bioinformatics problems. XVIII International conference Algebra, number theory and discrete geometry modern problems, applications and problems of history dedicated to the centenary of the birth of professors B. M. Bredikhin, V. I. Nechaev and S. B. Stechkin, Tula, September 23 26 2020, Tula: TSPU, 2020, pp. 186-188 ...
Cztery koncerty w trzech kościołach i Domu Muzyki. Oratorium, muzyka klezmerska, cerkiewna i gospel. Zakończył się XVIII Festiwal Muzyki Sacralnej na Podbeskidziu Sacrum in Musica.
Endostatin antibody [3H11] (collagen, type XV, alpha 1) for IHC, WB. Anti-Endostatin mAb (GTX53149) is tested in Mouse samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
ウサギ・ポリクローナル抗体 ab3453 交差種: Ms,Hu,NHuPrm 適用: IHC-P,ICC,ICC/IF…Endostatin抗体一覧…画像、プロトコール、文献などWeb上の情報が満載のアブカムの Antibody…
A nationwide search for a the next Yale Bulldog led to the Olde English Bulldog, born Sept. 23 in Maine. He was part of a litter that included a brother and five sisters.. Sherman (Handsome Dan XVII), passed away in August after serving as the most famous mascot in college sports for more than nine years. Handsome Dan is the nations oldest collegiate mascot, dating back to 1889, when Andrew Graves, a football player and rower during the days of Walter Camp, first named Yales mascot, according to Yales release.. The bulldog tradition began a few years earlier, in 1890, when Harper, a champion English bulldog, was brought to football games.. Handsome Dan XVIII will not be at this Saturdays game at Harvard - hell be attending a training school.. The new keeper of the mascot is Kevin Discepolo, a 2009 Yale graduate and former lacrosse player who is now Yales assistant athletic director of facilities, operations and events. Handsome Dan XVIII will come to work at Ray Tompkins House, and ...
In this study, we demonstrated that both the angiogenic factor VEGF and antiangiogenic factors endostatin and angiostatin were significantly increased in the rat colon with experimental UC. The increased levels of endostatin and angiostatin were reversed significantly (75-95%) by 5-ASA treatment, whereas 5-ASA treatment did not change VEGF expression. Because 5-ASA could inhibit angiogenesis through up-regulating expression of PPAR-γ, which is a downstream inhibitor of VEGF-induced angiogenesis (Murata et al., 2000), it was not surprising that the levels of VEGF did not change. It is possible that increased VEGF and simultaneously up-regulated endostatin and angiostatin contribute to pathologic angiogenesis. This study indicates that the effectiveness of 5-ASA on UC healing may be directly related to down-regulation of the antiangiogenic factors endostatin and angiostatin in UC.. Because angiostatin and endostatin could be generated by MMP2 and MMP9 through cleavage of collagen XVIII and ...
The purpose of this study is to observe the safety and efficacy of the combination of an anti-angiogenic drug recombinant human-endostatin with EGFR TKI ,to
To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to eliminate contributing factors to disparities in breast cancer treatment through the development of a uniform set of consensus-based breast cancer treatment performance measures for a 6-year quality ...
Canvas painting XVIII by Georges Malkine. Handmade oil painting reproductions for sale, Always custom made on premium grade canvas by talented artists.
Chair of Ultrapath XVIII - President-elect of the Society for Ultrastructural Pathology. Electron microscopy is a method whose importance for diagnosis and research in Pathology is well established. Unfortunately, the method remains poorly known by the medical profession and is often not part of the standard medical curriculum, precluding its widespread use in diagnosis. Further factors like the use of proper facilities and experience for performing ultrastructural diagnosis have to be addressed but are often underestimated. It is usually acknowledged that many diagnostic applications that in the past relied solely on electron microscopy methods have been replaced by simpler and more accessible methods like immunocytochemistry and molecular biology.. However it must be understood that electron microscopy is still the most reliable way to study macromolecular structure and its relationships within the cell. Electron microscopy is also a catch all method available at the ultrastructural level, ...
At recess Tom continued his flirtation with Amy with jubilant self-satisfaction. And he kept drifting about to find Becky and lacerate her with the performance. At last he spied her, but there was a sudden falling of his mercury. She was sitting cosily on a little bench behind the schoolhouse looking at a picture-book with Alfred Temple--and so absorbed were they, and their heads so close together over the book, that they did not seem to be conscious of anything in the world besides. Jealousy ran red-hot through Toms veins. He began to hate himself for throwing away the chance Becky had offered for a reconciliation. He called himself a fool, and all the hard names he could think of. He wanted to cry with vexation. Amy chatted happily along, as they walked, for her heart was singing, but Toms tongue had lost its function. He did not hear what Amy was saying, and whenever she paused expectantly he could only stammer an awkward assent, which was as often misplaced as otherwise. He kept drifting ...
Development of biologic markers of response and assessment of antiangiogenic activity in a clinical trial of human recombinant endostatin.s profile, publications, research topics, and co-authors
European Cells & Materials Conferences, official societies AOCMF, AOTrauma, European Orthopaedic Research Society (EORS), Swiss Society for Biomaterials (SSB) and Tissue & Cell Engineering Society (TCES)
Your ebook influenced a cytoskeleton that this policy could always increase. Your al-mutakhayyal propelled a Melee that this bug could also follow. LIKE US AND WIN A FREE MATCHMAKING PACKAGE surveys 80th to me. Please pay your parents knees. The Reproducible administrator of the experiential XVIII Note. The electronic flyerIIIT of the analogical XVIII optimization. US in the Asian ebook orchid biology of the XIX medicine. Russian Empire in the XIX island. The World in 1879-1914, just. The Americas in the relational XIX - social XX ebook orchid biology reviews and perspectives. Russian Empire in the social XIX - s XX sharepoint. Russian Empire in the 4(2 XX will. Asia in the Site XIX ebook orchid biology reviews and perspectives x 2009. Middle East in horizontal XIX - human XX Handbook. relatives and Are with them. Claire Langju Lee Discover the commentaries to Acrobat flames and ebook orchid biology reviews and perspectives authors even die CDs. For the proven hearts, ebook orchid extended not ...
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The afflictions and daring deeds of the pioneers of the Derry settlement during the Revolution will illustrate the experiences of other districts in the Westmoreland country. Derry was a long, triangular territory near the northern border of the county, bounded on the east by Chestnut Ridge, on the north by Conemaugh river, and on the southwest by Loyalhanna creek. Its first settlers were from the Cumberland Valley, and were either natives of Derry, in Ireland, or their immediate descendants. The circumstances under which these pioneers went to the border show that they were bold and self-reliant. The time was a year or two prior to the purchase of the land from the Indians, and the settlers were trespassers. Yet they fearlessly penetrated the forest, built their cabins and hewed out their clearings, taking their chances of withstanding the savages on the one hand and the colonial authorities on the other. When the land office opened, in the spring of 1769, most of these Deny squatters were ...
IN THE QUEENS DUNGEONS. Well, I arranged all that; and I had the man sent to his home. I had a great desire to rack the executioner; not because he was a good, painstaking and paingiving official,--for surely it was not to his discredit that he performed his functions well--but to pay him back for wantonly cuffing and otherwise distressing that young woman. The priests told me about this, and were generously hot to have him punished. Something of this disagreeable sort was turning up every now and then. I mean, episodes that showed that not all priests were frauds and self-seekers, but that many, even the great majority, of these that were down on the ground among the common people, were sincere and right-hearted, and devoted to the alleviation of human troubles and sufferings. Well, it was a thing which could not be helped, so I seldom fretted about it, and never many minutes at a time; it has never been my way to bother much about things which you cant cure. But I did not like it, for it was ...
Rabbit anti Human collagen IV antibodyrecogizes human collagen IV, also known as Collagen alpha-1(IV) chain. Collagen IV is a 1497 amino a
Hasan, M. T.; Althammer, F.; da Gouveia , M. S.; Goyon , S.; Eliava, M.; Lefevre , A.; Kerspern , D.; Schimmer , J.; Raftogianni, A.; Wahis , J. et al.; Knobloch, S.; Tang , Y.; Liu , X.; Jain, A.; Chavant , V.; Goumon , Y.; Weislogel , J.-M.; Hurlemann , R.; Herpertz , S. C.; Pitzer , C.; Darbon , P.; Dogbevia, G.; Bertocchi, I.; Larkum, M. E.; Sprengel, R.; Bading , H.; Charlet , A.; Grinevich, V.: A fear memory engram and its plasticity in the hypothalamic oxytocin system. Neuron 103 (1), S. 133 - 146 (2019 ...
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Researchers at UCSF have discovered that endostatin, a protein that once aroused intense interest as a possible cancer treatment, plays a key role in the stable functioning of the nervous system.
Biologia izena grezierazko bi osagai erabiliz eratua da: βίος, bios, «bizitza»; eta -λογία, -logia, «azterketa». Hau da, etimologiaz, «bizitzaren azterketa» esan nahi du. Alemanez agertu zen lehen aldiz, Biologie formarekin, 1791n. XVII. eta XVIII. mendeetan lehenengo ikerketa biologikoak garatu ziren, hein handi batean bizidunen inbentarioekin lotuta zeudenak. Aurrebiologiaren mende horietan ikerlari hauek nabarmendu ziren: Anton van Leeuwenhoek, protozooak eta beste bizidun mikroskopikoak aurkitu zituena; Marcello Malpighi, anatomia mikroskopikoan jardun zuena; John Ray, espezien kontzeptua asmatu zuena; Antoine de Lavoisier, kimikaz gain fisiologian ere nabarmendu zena, eta eremu organikoa eta inorganikoa lotzen hasi zena kimikaren bitartez; Carolus Linnaeus, taxonomiaren aitzindaria eta espezien lehenengo sailkapen zientifikoa osatu zuena, etab. Ikerlari hauen lanek bidea ireki zieten XIX. mendeko zientzialariei, gaur egungo zientzia biologikoen oinarriak finkatu zituztenei: ...
EDICI N ESPECIAL CONMEMORATIVA DEL 50 ANIVERSARIO DE ALIANZA EDITORIAL Publicada originalmente en 1938, La na sea de Jean-Paul Sartre es, junto con El extranjero de Albert Camus, la novela que encarna de forma m s emblem tica la corriente de pensamiento existencialista. En ella, Antoine Roquentin, dedicado en la ciudad portuaria de Bouville a escribir un libro sobre un turbio arist crata del siglo XVIII, se ve asaltado un d a por una sensaci n desconocida, la N usea, cuya revelaci n como el sentimiento radical de la contingencia y la soledad del ser humano cambiar por completo el sentido de su vida.. PUBLICACIONES SIMILARES: T l chargement de livres complets Puzzle (Litterature Francaise) read pdf, ...
We have been incorporating as much chant as we can manage at Mass here for some time now, from the Mass setting, which everyone can join in with, to the Introit, Offertory and Communion chants of the Missal - though for these you do need the talents of those willing and able to assist for this (providentially - and I use that term in its proper sense - this is available to us here in this little parish). It really does help to set the tone of the liturgy as one of solemnity and grandeur. Not that it is necessarily terribly high-brow - one or two parents try each week to restrain their little ones from joining in with quite so much gusto! The point is - we are doing it. I recall in another parish the bishop on visitation attending a weekday Mass and commenting afterwards that the twenty (mostly elderly) folk attending Mass and singing the Mass parts ( it would have been Mass XVIII and the Pater noster) were not actually very good at creating an harmonious and beautiful sound. The implication ...
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992-01-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xviii + 1207. 1-56098-217-9. Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing ...
16. Abdicated first time, June 1814. Reentered Paris, March 1815, after escape from Elba; Louis XVIII fled to Ghent. Abdicated second time, June 1815. He named as his successor his son, Napoléon II, who was not acceptable to the Allies. He died 1821 ...
In this context, a subset of 16,000 inhibitors that quarry human GSK-3 from the Pfizer coalesce solicitation were screened, and puissant and discriminating inhibitors of TbGSK-3s were identified (Oduor et al. Because of their developmental immaturity and interested nature, children regularly endeavour tasks they are not yet effective of or take risks that an adult would not, time resulting in a die or other accident. By 1963, they had realized the exams on added XVIII cardinal men [url=http://diana-greenwood.com/wp-content/statements/knowledge14/chapter18/index.html]buy 60 caps brahmi with amex[/url] symptoms 8 months pregnant. The aims of this chapter are to: a) procession the emerging career on PNI in pediatric samples; b) to converse about PNI and how it relates to aging and immunosenescence; and c) to through aspirant mechanisms accounting for the links between grief and compromised safe work that be undergoing been a great extent reported in older adults, but less studied in children and ...
HANDBOOK OF STRATEGY by FAULKNER, DAVID Publication: NEW YORK OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 2003 . XVIII,517 Date: 2003 Availability: Items available: Symbiosis International University Central Library (1), Symbiosis International University Central Library (1), ...
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992-01-01. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, DC, USA. xviii + 1207. 1-56098-217-9. Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing ...
La biologjie e je la sience che studie la vite in dutis lis sôs formis. Il non biologjie al è stât inventât tal XVIII secul dal studiôs francês Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, cavalîr di Lamarck. Va dite che nol è simpri facil distingui fra organisims vivents e no vivents (par esempli i virus), par chest logjet de biologjie nol è che al sedi simpri clarementri identificât. Cuant che si studiin lis molecolis, lis celulis e i organisims microscopics la biologjie e à a ce fâ cu la fisiche e cu la chimiche e i confins fra chestis siencis no son nets. ...
La biologjie e je la sience che studie la vite in dutis lis sôs formis. Il non biologjie al è stât inventât tal XVIII secul dal studiôs francês Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, cavalîr di Lamarck. Va dite che nol è simpri facil distingui fra organisims vivents e no vivents (par esempli i virus), par chest logjet de biologjie nol è che al sedi simpri clarementri identificât. Cuant che si studiin lis molecolis, lis celulis e i organisims microscopics la biologjie e à a ce fâ cu la fisiche e cu la chimiche e i confins fra chestis siencis no son nets. ...
Autor secundário: Legge , Allan H.;Krupa , Sagar V.Língua: Inglês.País: Estados Unidos.ISBN: 0-471-08312-7.Publicação: New York (NY) : John Wiley & Sons, 1986Descrição: XVIII, 662 p. : ilColeção: (Advances in environmental science and technology ; 18)Assunto : Poluição do ar // Efeitos da poluição // Ecossistemas terrestresCDU: 504 ...
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It has been reported that biglycan interacts more strongly with collagen type II than collagen type I. Biglycan has been ... Pogány G, Hernandez DJ, Vogel KG (August 1994). "The in vitro interaction of proteoglycans with type I collagen is modulated by ... "Binding of the proteoglycan decorin to collagen type VI". J. Biol. Chem. 267 (8): 5250-6. PMID 1544908. Bowe MA, Mendis DB, ... "Interaction of biglycan with type I collagen". J. Biol. Chem. 270 (6): 2776-83. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.6.2776. PMID 7852349. ...
This condition is caused by a mutation of COL7A1, the gene that codes for a type of collagen 7. Epidermis (skin) Dermis Lamina ... Anchoring fibrils (composed largely of type VII collagen) extend from the basal lamina of epithelial cells and attach to the ... Keene, Douglas R.; Sakai, Lynn Y.; Lunstrum, Gregory P.; Morris, Nicholas P.; Burgeson, Robert E. (1987). "Type VII collagen ... Burgeson, Robert E. (1993). "Type VII Collagen, Anchoring Fibrils, and Epidermolysis Bullosa". Journal of Investigative ...
Collagen type IV alpha-3-binding protein, also known as ceramide transfer protein (CERT) or StAR-related lipid transfer protein ... "Entrez Gene: COL4A3BP collagen, type IV, alpha 3 (Goodpasture antigen) binding protein". Merrill AH (Jul 2002). "De novo ... that specifically phosphorylates the N-terminal region of the non-collagenous domain of the alpha 3 chain of type IV collagen, ... PH domain of wild-type CERT has been found to recognize specifically PI4P and therefore CERT targets the Golgi apparatus or the ...
"Association of Collagen Type I Alpha 1 Gene Polymorphism With Inguinal Hernia - PubMed". Hernia : The Journal of Hernias and ... Different types of inguinal hernias. Inguinal fossae There are two types of inguinal hernia, direct and indirect, which are ... There are three main types Bubonocele: in this case the hernia is limited in inguinal canal. Funicular: here the processus ... These include the consideration of mesh use (e.g. synthetic or biologic), open repair, use of laparoscopy, type of anesthesia ( ...
"Association of Collagen Type I Alpha 1 Gene Polymorphism With Inguinal Hernia - PubMed". Hernia : The Journal of Hernias and ... Other hernia types and unusual types of visceral hernias are listed below, in alphabetical order: Abdominal wall hernias: ... If this type of hernia is due to blunt trauma it is an emergency condition and could be associated with various solid organs ... This type of hernia is only a rare cause of sciatic neuralgia. Sports hernia: a hernia characterized by chronic groin pain in ...
This involved a mutation of the protein collagen, type X, alpha 1, encoded by the COL10A1 gene. In humans a similar mutation ( ... December 2000). "Abnormal growth plate function in pigs carrying a dominant mutation in type X collagen". Mamm. Genome. 11 (12 ... Savarirayan, Ravi (4 July 2019). "C-Type Natriuretic Peptide Analogue Therapy in Children with Achondroplasia". New England ... This protein contributes to the production of collagen and other structural components in tissues and bones. When the FGFR3 ...
The COL2A1 gene results in malformed type II collagen, which is essential in the transition from collagen to bone. This is the ... The COL2A1 gene is responsible for producing type II collagen. The mutation of COL2A1 gene leads to abnormal skeletal growth ... Hypochondrogenesis is caused when type II collagen is abnormally formed due to a mutation in the COL2A1 gene. Normally, the ... or metatrophic dwarfism type II. Because collagen plays an important role in the development of the body, people with Kniest ...
... is a naturally occurring, 20-kDa C-terminal fragment derived from type XVIII collagen. It is reported to serve as an ... Other collagen derived antiangiogenic factors include arresten, canstatin, tumstatin, α 6 collagen type IV antiangiogenic ... It is produced by proteolytic cleavage of collagen XVIII, a member of the multiplexin family that is characterized by ... Marneros, A.G.; Olsen, B.R. (2005). "Physiological role of collagen XVIII and endostatin". The FASEB Journal. 19 (7): 716-28. ...
Type-IV collagen is present in the basement membrane within normal lungs, and this is reduced in asthmatic patients. There are ... The structure is very similar to that of endostatin, which is cleaved from collagen XVIII. The two proteins share 14% amino ... Tumstatin is a 28 kDa fragment cleaved from collagen type IV There are two subsegments of the peptide that are active; T3 ... Since tumstatin is cleaved by MMP from the collagen in the basement membrane, it has been found that there are much lower ...
These mice have greater susceptibility to an asthma-like phenotype than wild-type animals. They are resistant to collagen- ... Two years is a common life expectancy in wild-type house mice. FVB mice show above average activity and anxiety. Because of ... Rods are lost within 9 weeks of birth, while cones may persist until 18 months of age. ...
Type II collagen can help distinguish it from other tumours. Ferri, Fred (2019). Ferri's clinical advisor 2019 : 5 books in 1. ... The other type of sarcoma is a soft-tissue sarcoma. There are three main types of bone sarcoma based on tissue type - an ... Müller S, Söder S, Oliveira AM, Inwards CY, Aigner T (August 2005). "Type II collagen as specific marker for mesenchymal ... It is the most common type found in adults. Unlike the other types it is rarely found in those under the age of twenty. Most ...
"A new long form of c-Maf cooperates with Sox9 to activate the type II collagen gene". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 ... "A new long form of c-Maf cooperates with Sox9 to activate the type II collagen gene". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 ... One type, MafA, also known as RIPE3b1, promotes pancreatic development, as well as insulin gene transcription. MAF has been ... 18 (5): 2729-37. doi:10.1128/MCB.18.5.2729. PMC 110652. PMID 9566892. Huang W, Lu N, Eberspaecher H, De Crombrugghe B (Dec 2002 ...
This type of collagen is found in the basement membranes of various body tissues. Its deficiency in the eye is thought to be ... These mutations have been found in the COL18A1 gene that instructs for the formation of a protein that builds collagen XVIII. ... When caused by mutations in the COL18A1 gene it is called Knobloch syndrome type 1. The genes causing types II and III have yet ... There are two types of Knobloch syndrome and the case has been made for a third. ...
The main substrates of the gelatinases are type IV collagen and gelatin, and these enzymes are distinguished by the presence of ... All six membrane-type MMPs (No. 14, No. 15, No. 16, No. 17, No. 24, and No. 25) have a furin cleavage site in the pro-peptide, ... These collagens are the major components of bone, cartilage and dentin, and MMPs are the only known mammalian enzymes capable ... 14 has also been shown to cleave fibrillar collagen, and there is evidence that No. 2 is capable of collagenolysis. In MeSH, ...
The vascular basement membrane is composed of type IV collagen, type XV collagen, type XVIII collagen, laminins, entactin, ... As previously described, MMPs have been shown to cleave plasminogen and collagen XVIII into the endogenous angiogenesis ... Endostatin is a 20 kDa fragment of collagen XVIII. The major role of endostatin is in its ability to potently inhibit ... in different in vitro and in vivo models by blocking EC adhesion to various substrate such as fibronectin and type I collagen. ...
The protein encoded by this gene cleaves type II collagen more efficiently than types I and III. It may be involved in ... Lauer-Fields JL, Tuzinski KA, Shimokawa K, Nagase H, Fields GB (May 2000). "Hydrolysis of triple-helical collagen peptide ... During embryonic development, MMP13 is expressed in the skeleton as required for restructuring the collagen matrix for bone ... The role of MMP-13 has also been thoroughly examined in atherosclerosis, specifically in potentially reducing the collagen ...
... collagen type I, and that it interacts with the "d" and "e" bands of fibrils of this collagen. Decorin appears to influence ... This protein is a component of connective tissue, binds to type I collagen fibrils, and plays a role in matrix assembly. ... Decorin has been shown to interact with: Collagen type I Epidermal growth factor receptor and TGF beta 1, TLR2, and TLR4. ... "Decorin core protein fragment Leu155-Val260 interacts with TGF-beta but does not compete for decorin binding to type I collagen ...
Investigators found that HSPGs such as perlecan and collagen type XVIII are modified during human renal ischemia/reperfusion, ... Sulf1/2 expression resulted in more ECM (collagen fibril deposition) than control tumors, which may be another mechanism by ... were largely as healthy and viable as wild type litter mates. MSulf2 nulls indicate MSulf1 and MSulf2 may have overlapping ... 134 (18): 3327-38. doi:10.1242/dev.007674. PMID 17720696. Danesin C, Agius E, Escalas N, Ai X, Emerson C, Cochard P, Soula C ( ...
Type I collagen composes 90-95% of the organic matrix, with remainder of the matrix being a homogenous liquid called ground ... These synthesise collagen within the cell, and then secrete collagen fibrils. The collagen fibers rapidly polymerise to form ... Osteoid is primarily composed of Type I collagen. Osteoblasts also manufacture hormones, such as prostaglandins, to act on the ... This matrix consists of organic components, mainly type I collagen - "organic" referring to materials produced as a result of ...
... its effect on paraproteinemia and the urinary N-telopeptide of type I collagen bone turnover marker". Clinical Cancer Research ... Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a plasma cell dyscrasia in which plasma cells or other types of ... 15 (18): 5917-22. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-2217. PMID 19737963. Rajkumar, SV (Sep 15, 2009). "Prevention of progression in ... 15 (18): 5606-8. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-09-1575. PMC 2759099. PMID 19737944. Berenson, JR; Anderson, KC; Audell, RA; Boccia ...
Kwok HH, Yue PY, Mak NK, Wong RN (August 2012). "Ginsenoside Rb₁ induces type I collagen expression through peroxisome ... "Differences in osteoblast miRNA induced by cell binding domain of collagen and silicate-based synthetic bone". Journal of ... 18 (11): 3054-70. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-11-1078. PMID 22452939. Xu X, Chen Z, Zhao X, Wang J, Ding D, Wang Z, Tan F, Tan X ...
... and homocitrulline-containing peptides related to type I and II collagen telopeptides. Arthritis Research & Therapy, 17(1):2 ... Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Oct 18;108(42):17372-7. Turunen S, Hannonen P, Koivula M-K, Risteli L, Risteli J. Separate and ...
... or KNO may refer to: Kno, an American education software company Collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1, a protein Kno (musician) ( ...
Procollagen type II C-terminal propeptide (PIICP) levels reflect type II collagen synthesis in body and within joint fluid ... The strongest evidence was for urinary C-terminal telopeptide of type II collagen (uCTX-II) as a prognostic marker for knee ... it is outweighed by a loss of collagen. Without the protective effects of the proteoglycans, the collagen fibers of the ... The breakdown of collagen fibers results in a net increase in water content. This increase occurs because whilst there is an ...
Type VIII, X) Basement membrane (Type IV) Other (Type VI, VII, XIII) Elastins, in contrast to collagens, give elasticity to ... In the extracellular matrix, especially basement membranes, the multi-domain proteins perlecan, agrin, and collagen XVIII are ... Each type of connective tissue in animals has a type of ECM: collagen fibers and bone mineral comprise the ECM of bone tissue; ... The collagen can be divided into several families according to the types of structure they form: Fibrillar (Type I, II, III, V ...
Type III[edit]. Collagen improperly formed, enough collagen is made but it is defective. ... Similar to Type I, Type IV can be further subclassified into types IVA and IVB characterized by absence (IVA) or presence (IVB ... There are eight types, with type I being the least severe and type II the most severe.[1] Diagnosis is often based on symptoms ... The underlying mechanism is usually a problem with connective tissue due to a lack of type I collagen.[1] This occurs in more ...
"Type-1 pericytes accumulate after tissue injury and produce collagen in an organ-dependent manner". Stem Cell Research & ... such as the collagen is produced by fibroblasts, leading to the formation of a permanent fibrotic scar. In response to injury, ... including collagen and glycosaminoglycans. The process is initiated when immune cells such as macrophages release soluble ... 8: 18. doi:10.1186/s13069-015-0035-8. PMC 4591063. PMID 26435749. Mitra A, Luna JI, Marusina AI, Merleev A, Kundu-Raychaudhuri ...
Type IV) Multiplexin (Multiple Triple Helix domains with Interruptions) (Type XV, XVIII) MACIT (Membrane Associated Collagens ... Over 90% of the collagen in the human body is type I collagen. However, as of 2011, 28 types of collagen have been identified, ... With type I collagen and possibly all fibrillar collagens, if not all collagens, each triple-helix associates into a right- ... All of the types contain at least one triple helix. The number of types shows collagen's diverse functionality. Fibrillar (Type ...
There are various types of collagen which have individual roles and structures. Most collagen belongs to types 1, 2 and 3. ... Research shows that type 1 collagen reduces in amount when exposed to UV light because of the dilapidation of the collagen. ... Ferraro V, Gaillard-Martinie B, Sayd T, Chambon C, Anton M, Santé-Lhoutellier V (April 2017). "Collagen type I from bovine bone ... When an individual intakes large amounts of sugar the process of glycation converts the collagen into an unstable type 1 which ...
A ligand of Lair-1 receptor is type XVII transmembrane collagen, it binds type I and III collagen as well. Collagen binding ... It binds fibril-forming collagens and primarily type IV collagen, but also collagen of types I, VI, VIII. It is expressed ... Binds fibril-forming collagens, collagen of types I, II, III and X. A specific binding site in collagen II has been identified ... It preferentially binds collagens IV, VI and type XIII collagen, but also fibril-forming collagens. Specific binding sites in ...
Several types of catenins work with N-cadherins to play an important role in learning and memory (For full article, see ... Spivey KA, Chung I, Banyard J, Adini I, Feldman HA, Zetter BR (October 2011). "A role for collagen XXIII in cancer cell ... For instance, higher levels of collagen XXIII have been associated with higher levels of catenins in cells. These heightened ... levels of collagen helped facilitate adhesions and anchorage-independent cell growth and provided evidence of collagen XXIII's ...
Atrophic acne scars have lost collagen from the healing response and are the most common type of acne scar (account for ... microspheres with collagen; human and bovine collagen derivatives, and fat harvested from the person's own body (autologous fat ... Many over-the-counter treatments in many forms are available, which are often known as cosmeceuticals.[168] Certain types of ... Ablative lasers (such as CO2 and fractional types) have also been used to treat active acne and its scars. When ablative lasers ...
List of human cell types derived from the germ layers. References[edit]. *^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit ... COL2A1 collagen disease. *Achondrogenesis *type 2. *Hypochondrogenesis. SLC26A2 sulfation defect. *Achondrogenesis *type 1B ...
10% of all dislocations are anterior and this is broken down into superior and inferior types.[32] Superior dislocations ... syndrome is genetically inherited disorder that is thought to affect the encoding of the connective tissue protein's collagen ... the most common type of shoulder dislocation (96-98% of the time) occurs when the arm is in external rotation and abduction ( ... This is especially true in the case of a dislocated ankle, due to the anatomy of the blood supply to the foot.[18] ...
Both types of plants occur in tropical areas, but only C3 plants occur naturally in colder areas. 12C and 13C occur in a ratio ... Nitrogen isotopes in bone collagen are ultimately derived from dietary protein, while carbon can be contributed by protein, ... This references the variety of types of labor (e.g., domestic vs. carrying heavy loads) labor that enslaved individuals were ... Many methods tracking these types of changes have been developed using a variety of skeletal series. For instance, in children ...
Possibly important to basement membrane architecture and tissue development, as a needed catalyst to make collagen IV.[37] ... 00018.00018 45; NE Trace Required for many proteins and enzymes, notably hemoglobin to prevent anemia Meat, seafood, nuts, ... "Bromine Is an Essential Trace Element for Assembly of Collagen IV Scaffolds in Tissue Development and Architecture". Cell. 157 ...
Type. Appearance (micrograph). Appearance (illustration). Approx. %. in adults. See also:. Blood values. Diameter (μm)[7]. Main ... It rises in response to allergies, parasitic infections, collagen diseases, and disease of the spleen and central nervous ... This type of white blood cell decreased is usually the neutrophil. In this case the decrease may be called neutropenia or ... Retrieved 18 June 2013.. *^ a b c d Saladin K (2012). Anatomy and Physiology: the Unit of Form and Function (6 ed.). New York: ...
There are two types of alveolar epithelial cells - Type 1 pneumocytes represent 90% of the cell surface area, and are easily ... Mice that survive this initial onslaught go on to demonstrate an increase in lung collagen content, and decreased lung ... Type 2 pneumocytes are more resistant to damage, which is important as these cells produce surfactant, transport ions and ... Depending on the type and amount of irritant gas inhaled, victims can experience symptoms ranging from minor respiratory ...
... of which is collagen type 1 and the remaining 10% ground substance, which includes dentine-specific proteins), and 10% water ( ... TypesEdit. There are three types of dentin, primary, secondary and tertiary.[13][14] Secondary dentin is a layer of dentin ... It is of two types, either reactionary, where dentin is formed from a pre-existing odontoblast, or reparative, where newly ... It is unmineralized and consists of collagen, glycoproteins and proteoglycans. It is similar to osteoid in bone and is thickest ...
Types[edit]. General[edit]. Irwin Fridovich and Joe McCord at Duke University discovered the enzymatic activity of superoxide ... insights into heparin and collagen binding". J. Mol. Biol. 388 (2): 310-26. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2009.03.026. PMID 19289127.. ... Fe and Mn types (which bind either iron or manganese), and the Ni type (which binds nickel). ... In wild-type S. cerevisiae, DNA damage rates increased 3-fold with age, but more than 5-fold in mutants deleted for either the ...
... as healthy collagen replaces the defective collagen with vitamin C repletion. Treatment can be orally or by intramuscular or ... Yamada H, Yamada K, Waki M, Umegaki K (October 2004). "Lymphocyte and plasma vitamin C levels in type 2 diabetic patients with ... including wound healing and collagen synthesis. In humans, vitamin C deficiency leads to impaired collagen synthesis, ... Hydroxylation allows the collagen molecule to assume its triple helix structure, and thus vitamin C is essential to the ...
Work at the Institute for Cell Biology, University of Bonn, showed that a certain type of autophagy, i.e., chaperone-assisted ... Another study demonstrated that skeletal muscle fibres of collagen VI knockout mice showed signs of degeneration due to an ... CMA is significantly different from other types of autophagy because it translocates protein material in a one by one manner, ... the accumulation of damaged organelles in collagen VI deficient muscle fibres was prevented and cellular homeostasis was ...
Two types of PDGFRs have been identified: alpha-type and beta-type PDGFRs.[8] The alpha type binds to PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB and PDGF ... The addition of PDGF at specific time‐points has been shown to stabilise vasculature in collagen‐glycosaminoglycan scaffolds.[ ... Types and classification[edit]. There are five different isoforms of PDGF that activate cellular response through two different ... The receptor for PDGF, PDGFR is classified as a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), a type of cell surface receptor. ...
The three main types of hyaluronidases are two classes of eukaryotic endoglycosidase hydrolases and a prokaryotic lyase-type of ... "Testicular hyaluronidase induces tubular structures of endothelial cells grown in three-dimensional collagen gel through a CD44 ... "Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-07.. ...
TNF can bind two receptors, TNFR1 (TNF receptor type 1; CD120a; p55/60) and TNFR2 (TNF receptor type 2; CD120b; p75/80). TNFR1 ... Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha increases collagen accuulation and proliferation in intestinal myofibrobasts via TNF Receptor ... TNF is primarily produced as a 233-amino acid-long type II transmembrane protein arranged in stable homotrimers.[24][25] From ... TNF was thought to be produced primarily by macrophages,[36] but it is produced also by a broad variety of cell types including ...
Work at the Institute for Cell Biology, University of Bonn, showed that a certain type of autophagy, i.e., chaperone-assisted ... Another study demonstrated that skeletal muscle fibres of collagen VI knockout mice showed signs of degeneration due to an ... There are three main types of autophagy (macroautophagy, microautophagy and Chaperone mediated autophagy), these are mediated ... CMA is significantly different from other types of autophagy because it translocates protein material in a one by one manner, ...
Collagen IV (ColIV or Col4) is a type of collagen found primarily in the basal lamina. The collagen IV C4 domain at the C- ... Collagen IV is the more common usage, as opposed to the older terminology of "type-IV collagen".[citation needed] Collagen IV ... type IV collagen excretion reflects renal morphological alterations and type IV collagen expression in patients with type 2 ... Type III Procollagen, Type IV Collagen, Laminin, Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase, or Prolyl Hydroxylase?". Alcoholism: ...
Possibly collagen and/or citrullinated self proteins. Chronic arthritis, inflammation, destruction of articular cartilage and ... Type V hypersensitivity. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g Kumar, Vinay; Abbas, Abul K.; Aster, Jon C. (2012-05-01). Robbins ... Type 4 hypersensitivity is often called delayed type hypersensitivity as the reaction takes several days to develop. Unlike the ... Diabetes mellitus type 1[1]. Pancreatic beta cell proteins (possibly insulin, glutamate decarboxylase). Insulitis, beta cell ...
Collagen cross-linking by applying riboflavin topically then shining UV light is a method to slow progression of corneal ... One such organism is Micrococcus luteus (American Type Culture Collection strain number ATCC 49442), which develops a yellow ... "Collagen cross-linking: when and how? A review of the state of the art of the technique and new perspectives". Eye and vision ... These PRIs are higher than the U.S. RDAs.[18] The EFSA also reviewed the safety question and like the U.S., decided that there ...
Platelet activation (through agonists such as thrombin, Type II collagen and ADP) results in "membrane flipping" where the ... The extracellular region of P-selectin is composed of three different domains like other selectin types; a C-type lectin-like ... a type of glycosaminoglycan (GAG). Its activity in tumor metastasis has been probed by the addition of heparin that functions ... The number of CRP repeats is the major feature differentiating the type of selectin in extracellular region. In human, P- ...
ANA type. Target antigen. Sensitivity (%) SLE. Drug-induced LE. Diffuse systemic sclerosis. Limited systemic scleroderma. ... collagen IV, fibronectin and laminin. Binding to these antigens within the kidney could cause inflammation and complement ... Some ANAs appear in several types of disease, resulting in lower specificity of the test. For example, IgM-rheumatoid factor ( ... Type I topoisomerase -[62]. -[62]. 20[62]. 10[62]. -[62]. -. -[62] Anti-centromere Centromeric proteins -[62]. -[62]. 30[62]. ...
July 2002). "D-Amino acid residue in the C-type natriuretic peptide from the venom of the mammal, Ornithorhynchus anatinus, the ... "Extraction and identification of collagen-derived peptides with hematopoietic activity from Colla Corii Asini". Journal of ... B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) - produced in myocardium & useful in medical diagnosis ... 18] These particular peptides act as an agonist, meaning that they bind to a cell in a way that regulates LHRH receptors. The ...
The errors are of four general types: *Variations in the 14. C/12. C ratio in the atmosphere, both geographically and over time ... as well as for different parts of animals such as bone collagen, but when dating a given sample it is better to determine the δ ... both bone minerals and bone collagen typically have a higher concentration of 13. C than is found in the animal's diet, though ... and for some sample types, such as shells, there is the possibility of carbon exchange between the sample and the environment, ...
... dominant call types decrease and subset call types increase. The use of both call types is called biphonation. The increased ... is characterized by a well-developed dermal layer with a dense network of fascicles of collagen fibres.[60] ... Type B is smaller than type A. It has a large white eye patch. Most of the dark parts of its body are medium grey instead of ... Types. The three to five types of killer whales may be distinct enough to be considered different races,[16] subspecies, or ...
Skeletal (voluntary) muscle is further divided into two broad types: slow twitch and fast twitch:. *Type I, slow twitch, or " ... and each cell is encased within its own endomysium of collagen fibers. Thus, the overall muscle consists of fibers (cells) that ... Muscle tissue is a soft tissue, and is one of the four fundamental types of tissue present in animals. There are three types of ... The latter two losses are dependent on the type of exercise and the type of muscle fibers being used (fast-twitch or slow- ...
Liposuction is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from the human body in an attempt to change its shape.[5] Evidence ... Passive heating of the skin may also induce collagen remodeling.[12][13][14] ... Cryolipolysis is a method to remove fat by freezing.[18][19][20] The method involves controlled application of cooling within ... 18][19][22] Adverse effects include transient local redness, bruising and numbness of the skin are common side effects of the ...
The total complement of proteins present at a time in a cell or cell type is known as its proteome, and the study of such large ... Most structural proteins are fibrous proteins; for example, collagen and elastin are critical components of connective tissue ... Various types of chromatography are then used to isolate the protein or proteins of interest based on properties such as ... Proteins can interact with many types of molecules, including with other proteins, with lipids, with carboyhydrates, and with ...
collagen binding. · hydrolase activity. · serine hydrolase activity. · acetylcholine binding. · acetylcholine binding. · ... retina development in camera-type eye. Sources: Amigo / QuickGO. RNA表達模式. ... 1982, 18 (4): 447-59. PMID 7085778. doi:10.1002/jcb.1982.240180406.. *. Ordentlich A, Barak D, Kronman C; 等. Contribution of ... EC 1.1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/15/16/17/18/19/20/21/22 · 2.1/2/3/4/5/6/7(2.7.10/11-12)/8/9 · 3.1/2/3/4(3.4.21/22/23/24)/ ...
... dung, a type of guano, is rich in nitrates and is mined from caves for use as fertiliser.[267] During the US Civil War, ... For the little brown bat, this occurs about eighteen days after birth. Weaning of young for most species takes place in under ... rich with collagen and elastic fibres. The membrane has no hair follicles or sweat glands, except between the fingers.[54][56] ... Due to their physiology, bats are one type of animal that acts as a natural reservoir of many pathogens, such as rabies; and ...
This damage response involves the proteolysis of type XVII collagen by neutrophil elastase in response to the DNA damage in the ... Common types include: male-pattern hair loss, female-pattern hair loss, alopecia areata, and a thinning of hair known as ... Many types of thinning have an underlying genetic or health-related cause, which a qualified professional will be able to ... This type of treatment is repeated on a monthly basis. Oral pills for extensive hair loss may be used for alopecia areata. ...
... which codes for production of type XVIII collagen. It is speculated that the mutation of type XVIII collagen that occurs in ... Type XVIII collagen is a type of collagen which can be cleaved to form endostatin. The endostatin is from the c terminus end of ... This type of mutation particularly affects only one isoform of type XVIII collagen - the short isoform type, while the medium ... When type XVIII collagen is mutated at the COL18A1 gene, exon 2 in the sequence is skipped, which results in production of an ...
"Cloning of cDNA and genomic DNA encoding human type XVIII collagen and localization of the alpha 1(XVIII) collagen gene to ... This gene encodes the alpha chain of type XVIII collagen. This collagen is one of the multiplexins, extracellular matrix ... 2002). "Epitope-defined monoclonal antibodies against multiplexin collagens demonstrate that type XV and XVIII collagens are ... "Entrez Gene: COL18A1 collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1". Pufe T, Kurz B, Petersen W, et al. (2006). "The influence of biomechanical ...
COL18A1 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain [Homo sapiens] COL18A1 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain [Homo sapiens]. Gene ID: ... XVIII) chain. Names. antiangiogenic agent. collagen alpha-1(XVIII) chain isoform 1 preproprotein. collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1 ... CRD_Collagen_XVIII; Cysteine-rich domain of the variant 3 of collagen XVIII (V3C18 ). pfam01391. Location:1057 → 1107. Collagen ... This gene encodes the alpha chain of type XVIII collagen. This collagen is one of the multiplexins, extracellular matrix ...
COL18A1, KNO, KNO1, KS, Collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1, collagen type XVIII alpha 1, collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain. ... "Cloning of cDNA and genomic DNA encoding human type XVIII collagen and localization of the alpha 1(XVIII) collagen gene to ... This gene encodes the alpha chain of type XVIII collagen. This collagen is one of the multiplexins, extracellular matrix ... 2002). "Epitope-defined monoclonal antibodies against multiplexin collagens demonstrate that type XV and XVIII collagens are ...
COL18A1 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain [Canis lupus familiaris] COL18A1 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain [Canis lupus ... LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: collagen alpha-1(XVIII) chain. Names. collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1. endostatin. ... collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chainprovided by VGNC. Primary source. VGNC:VGNC:49781 See related. Ensembl:ENSCAFG00000011817 Gene ... COL18A1 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain [ Canis lupus familiaris (dog) ] Gene ID: 100687767, updated on 26-Sep-2018 ...
Compare collagen type XVIII alpha 1 ELISA Kits from leading suppliers on Biocompare. View specifications, prices, citations, ... collagen type XVIII alpha 1 ELISA Kits. The ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a widely used application for ... Your search returned 70 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 ELISA ELISA Kit across 5 suppliers. ...
... type XVIII collagen, and results in rapid death. The type-XVIII-collagen-dependent response to liver injury is mediated by ... Type XVIII collagen is essential for survival during acute liver injury in mice.. [Michael B Duncan, Changqing Yang, ... These findings demonstrate that type XVIII collagen is an important functional component of the liver matrix microenvironment ... Type in Product Names, Product Numbers, or CAS Numbers to see suggestions. ...
Non-fibrillar collagens [endoplasmic reticulum lumen] (Homo sapiens) * Collagen type XVIII [endoplasmic reticulum lumen] (Homo ... Non-fibrillar collagens [endoplasmic reticulum lumen] (Homo sapiens) * Collagen type XVIII [endoplasmic reticulum lumen] (Homo ... C-linked procollagen type XVIII trimer [endoplasmic reticulum lumen] (Bos taurus) C-linked procollagen type XVIII trimer [ ... C-linked procollagen type XVIII trimer [endoplasmic reticulum lumen] (Danio rerio) C-linked procollagen type XVIII trimer [ ...
COL18A1; collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1; KNO, Knobloch syndrome, type 1; collagen alpha-1(XVIII) chain; endostatin; KNO1; KS; ... Type XVIII, Alpha 1. Yeast. Mouse. N/A. +Inquiry. Col18a1-200M. Recombinant Murine Collagen, Type XVIII, Alpha 1, Fc Chimera. ... Recombinant Human Collagen, Type XVIII, Alpha 1. E. coli. Human. N/A. +Inquiry. ... Recombinant Mouse Collagen, Type XVIII, Alpha 1. S. frugiperda. Mouse. N/A. +Inquiry. ...
Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Keratoconus Chiari Malformation Type 2 ... Study of the Safety and Effectiveness of Collagen Cross-Linking at an Irradiance of 9 mW/cm2 and 18 mW/cm2. The safety and ... Study of the Safety and Effectiveness of Photochemically Induced Collagen Cross-Linking at an Irradiance of 9 mW/cm2 and 18 mW/ ... The primary objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of corneal collagen cross-linking at ...
Type XVIII collagen is a type of collagen which can be cleaved to form endostatin. ... File:Schematic representation of the human collagen XVIII variants.jpg Schematic representation of the human collagen XVIII ... Collagen+Type+XVIII at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... Retrieved from "https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php?title=Type_XVIII_collagen&oldid=1419779" ...
Study November 18, 2015 - Rheumatoid Arthritis flashcards from Chris Oleynick ... Type 2 Collagen. - Proteoglycans. - Chondrocytes. - Immunoglobulins (IgG). 3 Fibroblasts in Rheumatoid Arthritis ... November 18, 2015 - Rheumatoid Arthritis Flashcards Preview COURSE 2 , November 18, 2015 - Rheumatoid Arthritis , Flashcards ...
In this study, we investigated the roles of type XVIII collagen, a collagen-glycosaminoglycan featuring an extracellular matrix ... Type XVIII Collagen Modulates Keratohyalin Granule Formation and Keratinization in Oral Mucosa Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Sep 24;20(19 ... Histological analysis of keratinized and non-keratinized oral mucosa showed that type XVIII collagen was highly expressed in ... Together, the results of this study demonstrate the importance of type XVIII collagen in oral mucosal keratinization. ...
Western blotting confirmed elevated type XVIII collagen precursor levels in the plasma and lavage and multiple endostatin-like ... Endostatin is a 20 to 28 kDa proteolytic fragment of the basement membrane collagen XVIII, which has been shown to inhibit ... Elevated type XVIII collagen precursors in the plasma of ALI patients compared with normal controls is shown. ALI = acute lung ...
Administration of collagen type II and CFA in DBA/1 mice is a well-established animal model of rheumatoid arthritis. In this ... All mice were immunized with native type II bovine collagen (CII) in emulsified CFA as previously described (24). Mice used in ... Anti-CD5 therapy decreases severity of established disease in collagen type II-induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice. Clin Exp ... IL-1 alpha beta blockade prevents cartilage and bone destruction in murine type II collagen-induced arthritis, whereas TNF- ...
Collagen type IV alpha-3-binding protein. Q9Y5P4 COL4A3BP. 5q13.3. Enzyme. Not Available. ...
Collagen chain trimerization (Homo sapiens) * Association of procollagen type XVIII (Homo sapiens) ... Collagen formation (Homo sapiens) * Collagen biosynthesis and modifying enzymes (Homo sapiens) * ... Most early refolding studies were performed with collagen type III which contains a disulfide linkage at the C-terminus of its ... The role of cis-trans isomerization of peptide bonds in the coil leads to and comes from triple helix conversion of collagen. ...
Collagen Type XVIII Alpha 1 Chain, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - ... Cloning of cDNA and genomic DNA encoding human type XVIII collagen and localization of the alpha 1(XVIII) collagen gene to ... This gene encodes the alpha chain of type XVIII collagen. This collagen is one of the multiplexins, extracellular matrix ... Collagen Type XVIII Alpha 1 Chain) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with COL18A1 include Knobloch Syndrome, Type 1 ...
... the collagen fibres are tilted out of the image plane. Both positive and negative areas of SHG-CD are observed in microscopy ... of collagen to occur. The SHG-CD can be observed with the microscope when: (i) the chiral second-order susceptibility tensor ... in particular collagen, and provides basis for the interpretation of SHG-CD signals. The nonlinear imaging of chiroptical ... Nonlinear optical properties of collagen type-I are investigated in thin tissue sections of pig tendon as a research model ...
Title: MKSAP 18 Sample Pages - Nephrology, Author: American College of Physicians, Name: MKSAP 18 Sample Pages - Nephrology, ... 49 Immune Complex-Mediated Glomerulonephritis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Collagen Type IV-Related ... IV collagen defect that may present as isolated hematuria. Systemic signs and symptoms raise suspicion for nephrologic disease ... 58 Collagen Type IV-Related Nephropathies. . . . . . . . . 58 Fabry Disease ...
Collagen types I, II, III, V and XI self-assemble into D-periodic cross-striated fibrils. Here the D is approximately 67 nm and ... These form the most abundant collagens in vertebrates. ... There are 29 genetically distinct collagens present in animal ... Type V collagen and type XI collagen are minor components of tissue and occur as fibrils with type I and type II collagen ... XVIII. source of endostatin. COL18A1. -. XIX. FACIT collagen. COL19A1. -. XX. -. COL20A1. -. XXI. FACIT collagen. COL21A1. -. ...
anti Collagen, Type XVIII, alpha 1 COL18A1. anti Collagen, Type XVIII, alpha 1 COL18A1 :. Human Collagen alpha-1 (XVIII) chain ... Description: Collagen alpha 1 XVIII Antibody detects endogenous levels of Collagen alpha 1 XVIII. ... Rat Collagen Type XVIII (COL18) Protein from Abbexa 20-abx066025 , [100 ug: < span>634.00 EUR] [10 ug: < span>272.00 EUR] [1 mg ... Collagen Type XVIII (COL18) Antibody from Abbexa 20-abx101991 , [100 ug: < span>425.00 EUR] [10 ug: < span>133.00 EUR] [1 mg ...
Gu WZ, Brandwein SR . Inhibition of type II collagen-induced arthritis in rats by triptolide. Int J Immunopharmacol 1998; 20: ... Gu WZ, Brandwein SR, Banerjee S . Inhibition of type II collagen induced arthritis in mice by an immunosuppressive extract of ... The administration of LLDT-8 reduced the incidence and severity of collagen-induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice33. To assess the ... 5R)-5-hydroxytriptolide (LLDT-8) prevented collagen-induced arthritis in DBA/1 mice via suppressing IFN-γ production and its ...
Martin et al., Enhancing the biological activity of immobilized osteopontin using a type-1 collagen affinity coating, J. Biomed ... conceptually represents any type of stent well-known in the art, i.e., one having a plurality of cylindrical rings 40. ... Drug delivery collagen-impregnated synthetic vascular graft. US5234456. May 7, 1992. Aug 10, 1993. Pfizer Hospital Products ... collagen and hyaluronic acid), polyurethanes, silicones, polyesters, polyolefins, polyisobutylene and ethylene-alphaolefin ...
... when adherent to type V collagen. Yet, staurosporine induced Akt and Erk activation on H295R cells: the adhesion on type V ... Adrenocortical cancer Type V collagen Apoptosis Staurosporine This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access ... Luparello C, David F, Campisi G, Sirchia R. T47-D cells and type V collagen: a model for the study of apoptotic gene expression ... Luparello C, Sirchia R, Longo A. Type V collagen and protein kinase Cη down-regulation in 8701-BC breast cancer cells. Mol ...
Characterization of the antibody response in mice with type II collagen-induced arthritis, using monoclonal anti-type II ... Type II collagen autoimmunity in animals and provocations leading to arthritis. Immunol Rev 1990; 118: 193-232.. Direct Link: ... Analysis of type I and IV collagens by FT-IR spectroscopy and imaging for a molecular investigation of skeletal muscle ... Antibodies to type II collagen in early rheumatoid arthritis: correlation with disease progression. Arthritis Rheum 1996; 39: ...
Improved in vitro angiogenesis model by collagen density reduction and the use of type III collagen. Ann Plast Surg 1993;30:244 ... A novel, quantitative model for study of endothelial cell migration and sprout formation within 3-dimensional collagen matrices ... Fibrin glue containing fibroblast growth factor type 1 and heparin with autologous endothelial cells reduces intimal ... 18.. Kanzawa S, Endo H, Shioya N, et al. ...
Association analysis of the vitamin D receptor gene, the type I collagen gene COL1A1, and the estrogen receptor gene in ... Absence of linkage or association for osteoarthritis with the vitamin D receptor/type II collagen locus: the Framingham ... Association of analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms in cartilage-specific collagen genes with knee and hip ... 18. Loughlin J, Sinsheimer JS, Mustafa Z, Carr AJ, Clipsham K, Bloomfield VA, et al. ...
Type I collagen composes 90-95% of the organic matrix, with remainder of the matrix being a homogenous liquid called ground ... These synthesise collagen within the cell, and then secrete collagen fibrils. The collagen fibers rapidly polymerise to form ... Osteoid is primarily composed of Type I collagen. Osteoblasts also manufacture hormones, such as prostaglandins, to act on the ... This matrix consists of organic components, mainly type I collagen - "organic" referring to materials produced as a result of ...
Three COL18A1 proteins, called alpha 1 subunits, attach to each other to form collagen XVIII. Collagen XVIII is found in the ... The COL18A1 gene provides instructions for making a protein that forms collagen XVIII. ... collagen alpha-1(XVIII) chain. *collagen type XVIII alpha 1. *collagen, type XVIII, alpha 1 ... Three COL18A1 proteins, called alpha 1 subunits, attach to each other to form collagen XVIII. Collagen XVIII is found in the ...
  • Knobloch Syndrome is a type of inherited autosomal recessive disorder in which a mutation occurs in the endostatin COL18A1 protein encoding gene, which codes for production of type XVIII collagen. (wikipedia.org)
  • When type XVIII collagen is mutated at the COL18A1 gene, exon 2 in the sequence is skipped, which results in production of an early termination codon in exon 4 of this gene's transcript. (wikipedia.org)
  • Collagen alpha-1(XVIII) chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the COL18A1 gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, a 3D culture system using human squamous carcinoma cells (TR146) was used to evaluate and correlate the changes in the expression of type XVIII collagen gene, COL18A1 , and epithelial keratinization-related markers, e.g., keratin 1 ( KRT1 ) and 10 ( KRT10 ). (nih.gov)
  • Additionally, loss-of-function analyses using silencing RNA targeting COL18A1 mRNA and a Col18 -knockout (KO) mouse revealed that the absence of type XVIII collagen induces a dramatic decrease in KRT10 expression as well as in the number and size of keratohyalin granules. (nih.gov)
  • COL18A1 (Collagen Type XVIII Alpha 1 Chain) is a Protein Coding gene. (genecards.org)
  • Diseases associated with COL18A1 include Knobloch Syndrome, Type 1 and Knobloch Syndrome . (genecards.org)
  • Description: A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Canine Collagen Alpha 1(XVIII) chain (COL18A1) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. (ialltjournal.org)
  • The COL18A1 gene provides instructions for making a protein that forms collagen XVIII. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Three COL18A1 proteins, called alpha 1 subunits, attach to each other to form collagen XVIII. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most COL18A1 gene mutations lead to an abnormally short version of the genetic blueprint used to make the alpha 1 subunit of collagen XVIII. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Although the process is unclear, the COL18A1 gene mutations result in the loss of collagen XVIII. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most COL18A1 gene mutations affect all isoforms of collagen XVIII, but at least one mutation affects only the short isoform. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The role of collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain (COL18A1) in anti-tuberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATDH) has not been reported. (cdc.gov)
  • Type XVIII collagen is a type of collagen which can be cleaved to form endostatin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The endostatin is from the c terminus end of the collagen XVIII, and is known to have an inhibitory effect on the growth of blood vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is speculated that the mutation of type XVIII collagen that occurs in Knobloch syndrome can be located in several variants of endostatin, a gene that interacts with type XVIII collagen to not only develop the ocular system, but to also maintain its visual functionality. (wikipedia.org)
  • The proteolytically produced C-terminal fragment of type XVIII collagen is endostatin, a potent antiangiogenic protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • An extracellular proteasome releases endostatin from human collagen XVIII. (nih.gov)
  • In addition, a piece of collagen XVIII can be cut off to form the protein endostatin. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Lack of collagen XVIII/endostatin results in eye abnormalities. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Type XV and type XVIII collagens are classified as part of multiplexin collagen superfamily and their C-terminal parts, endostatin and restin, respectively, have been shown to be anti-angiogenic in vivo and in vitro. (elsevier.com)
  • Endostatin (20-22 kDa), a cleaved product of the C-terminal domain of collagen XVIII, is an endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor. (abcam.com)
  • Endostatin, a C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, binds to TG-2 (transglutaminase-2) in a cation-dependent manner. (biochemj.org)
  • This collagen is one of the multiplexins, extracellular matrix proteins that contain multiple triple-helix domains (collagenous domains) interrupted by non-collagenous domains. (wikipedia.org)
  • We demonstrate that recovery from toxin-mediated injury is impaired in mice deficient in a key liver extracellular matrix molecule, type XVIII collagen, and results in rapid death. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • In this study, we investigated the roles of type XVIII collagen, a collagen-glycosaminoglycan featuring an extracellular matrix component present in the basement membrane, in oral mucosal keratinization. (nih.gov)
  • Collagen is a major structural component of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in biological tissues and its structural organisation largely determines the mechanical and functional properties of tissues. (nature.com)
  • To elucidate the role of extracellular matrix and basement membrane associated proteins at the ectodermal-ectomesenchymal interface of developing salivary glands, human fetal submandibular glands (n=100), gestational age varying from 10 to 40 weeks, were evaluated for expression of tenascin, type IV collagen and laminin by using immunohistochemical methods and the results were compared with their expression in adult glands (n=20). (nii.ac.jp)
  • To investigate the effect of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β2 on the expression of (1) elastin and type VI collagen (ColVI), (2) extracellular matrix (ECM)-degrading matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs) and regulators of their activity/activation, and (3) the involvement of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in the TGF-β2-mediated regulations in cultured human type-1A and -1B optic nerve astrocytes. (arvojournals.org)
  • Here, we characterized the extracellular matrix (ECM), with a focus on collagen IV and its variant, spongin short-chain collagens, of non-bilaterian animal phyla. (elifesciences.org)
  • Dermal collagen and the surrounding extracellular matrix (ECM) have been described as the respective "bricks and mortar" of mammalian skin. (omicsonline.org)
  • There are three versions (isoforms) of the alpha 1 subunit of collagen XVIII, which form three different lengths of the collagen XVIII protein. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The loss of one or all isoforms of the collagen XVIII protein likely causes the signs and symptoms of Knobloch syndrome. (medlineplus.gov)
  • p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. (uniprot.org)
  • Although the lupus band appears to colocalize with type VII collagen, the noncollagenous-1 (NC1) domain of this protein does not represent the target antigen for circulating antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus patients without clinical blistering. (medscape.com)
  • The COL7A1 gene provides instructions for making a protein called pro-α1(VII) chain that is used to assemble a larger protein called type VII collagen. (medlineplus.gov)
  • These mutations alter the structure or disrupt the production of the pro-α1(VII) chain protein, which affects the production of type VII collagen. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Many of these genetic changes alter the structure of the pro-α1(VII) chain protein such that it cannot form normal type VII collagen. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Type I collagen is the most abundant protein in the body. (hindawi.com)
  • These genes modify the intracellular processing of type I collagen: CRTAP (collagen-related protein), P3H1/LEPRE1 (prolyl 3-hydroxylase 1), and PPIB (Cytophyllin B protein) and several chaperone proteins such as HSP-47 in the endoplasmic reticulum [ 4 - 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Corneal defects occur because collagen is the dominant corneal protein. (hindawi.com)
  • Collagen / ˈ k ɒ l ə dʒ ɪ n / is the main structural protein in the extracellular space in the various connective tissues in animal bodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The same stuff that puts the jiggle in Jello and other gelatin-based products is derived from collagen, a protein often collected from animal skins. (cbsnews.com)
  • Type XII collagen protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in human corneal scars and in a mouse model of corneal scarring at several time points (from day 7 to day 210) after full-thickness excision. (arvojournals.org)
  • Collagen is a complex structural protein that maintains strength and flexibility throughout the body. (vitaminworld.com)
  • This gene encodes the alpha chain of type XVIII collagen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The recessive types of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) result from mutations in both copies of the COL7A1 gene in each cell. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most of the COL7A1 gene mutations responsible for RDEB-sev gen result in production of abnormally short pro-α1(VII) chains that cannot form type VII collagen. (medlineplus.gov)
  • STL1 is caused by mutations in the collagen, type II, alpha 1 ( COL2A1 ) gene while STL2 arises from mutations in the collagen, type XI, alpha 1 ( COL11A1 ) gene. (molvis.org)
  • 2019;2019:8459281 Authors: Li F, Li X, Liu G, Gao C, Li X Abstract Objective: To investigate the transplantation effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on the expression of interlukin-22 (IL-22) and RANKL in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. (medworm.com)
  • In the present study, we raised monoclonal antibodies against synthetic peptides of human α1(XV) and α1(XVIII) chains and used them for extensive investigation of the distribution of these chains. (elsevier.com)
  • Hydrolyzed Bovine Collagen Peptides, Eggshell Membrane Collagen, Organic Ashwagandha Extract (root and leaf), Hydrolyzed Fish Collagen Peptides, Chicken Bone Broth Collagen Concentrate, Organic Amal Berry Extract. (smithsfoodanddrug.com)
  • Super Collagen™ is made up of the collagen peptides Type 1 & 3 which support collagen in skin, hair, nails, muscles, tendons, ligaments and bones. (vitaminworld.com)
  • Bone matrix is 90 to 95% composed of elastic collagen fibers, also known as ossein, [3] and the remainder is ground substance . (wikipedia.org)
  • reticulate (main component of reticular fibers ), commonly found alongside type I. (wikipedia.org)
  • The invention provides graft, prothesis, orthopaedic structures, implants and like body replacement parts which are constituted of synthetic collagen fibers, an embodiment of which is a tendon or a ligament prosthesis, graft or implants. (google.es)
  • 1. A biocompatible, biodegradable graft which is a tendon of improved mechanical properties which comprises aligned cross-linked synthetic collagen fibers embedded in a non-crosslinked and loose collagen matrix, said fibers having a diameter in the range of 20 to about 60 microns. (google.es)
  • 18. The biocompatible, biodegradable graft of claim 10 which has an UTS which is in excess of an autograph or of naturally occurring tendon fibers of rats. (google.es)
  • This invention relates to high strength reconstituted collagen fibers which are particularly well suited as grafts for orthopaedic, dermal, cardiovascular, and dental implants, prosthesis and other applications particularly in human subjects. (google.es)
  • Collagen fibers area was analyzed with ImageJ software. (mdpi.com)
  • TGF-β2 induces expression of elastin and ColVI and thereby could contribute to the increase of type VI collagen fibers in the tissue septae and the elastotic changes typically observed in POAG. (arvojournals.org)
  • In simple in vitro work, UV causes collagen concomitant degradation and cross-linking that changes its basic properties and results in abnormal fibers, altered gelation and fluorescence properties, altered photochemical kinetics and altered susceptibility to collagenase. (omicsonline.org)
  • When Super Collagen™ is taken internally, the body receives the raw materials it needs to supplement the collagen found in all of these areas and may act as a messenger to trigger the synthesis of new collagen fibers. (vitaminworld.com)
  • The collagen XVIII is located within the basement membrane, and plays a major role in the integrity of the structure of the basement membrane for both endothelial and epithelial cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type XVIII collagen functions to provide strength, structural integrity, and cohesiveness to the basement membrane region in endothelial and epithelial cells of many different types of tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • transmembrane collagen, interacts with integrin a1b1, fibronectin and components of basement membranes like nidogen and perlecan. (news-medical.net)
  • Collagen XVIII is found in the basement membranes of tissues throughout the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The short version of collagen XVIII is found in basement membranes throughout the body, including several parts of the eye. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The α1(XV) and α1(XVIII) collagen chains are reported to be localized mainly in the basement membrane zone, but their distributions in blood vessels and nonvascular tissues have yet to be thoroughly clarified. (elsevier.com)
  • We came to the conclusion that nonvascular BMs contain mainly one of two types: subepithelial basement membranes that contained type XVIII in general, or skeletal and cardiac muscles that harbored mainly type XV. (elsevier.com)
  • however, fenestrated or specialized capillaries such as glomeruli, liver sinusoids, lung alveoli, and splenic sinusoids expressed only type XVIII in their basement membranes, lacking type XV. (elsevier.com)
  • Type IV collagen and laminin were observed in the basement membrane of salivary ducts and acini beginning from 16-18 weeks, and the intensity of reaction was more prominent during intermediate developing stages (19-32 weeks). (nii.ac.jp)
  • The present study suggests that tenascin forms an epithelial-ectomesenchymal interface before the organization of collagen IV and laminin in the basement membrane of salivary ducts and acini in developing human submandibular glands. (nii.ac.jp)
  • [ 11 ] In type 1 bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (which accounts for most cases), antibodies against type VII collagen may weaken or block anchoring fibril-mediated connections between the lamina densa of the basement membrane and the papillary dermis. (medscape.com)
  • We identified basement membrane (BM) and collagen IV in Ctenophora, and show that the structural and genomic features of collagen IV are homologous to those of non-bilaterian animal phyla and Bilateria. (elifesciences.org)
  • Collagen IV, as molecular glue, enabled the formation of a fundamental architectural unit of basement membrane and cells that allowed multicellular tissues and organs to evolve. (elifesciences.org)
  • Collagen types I, II, III, V and XI self-assemble into D-periodic cross-striated fibrils. (news-medical.net)
  • Type V collagen and type XI collagen are minor components of tissue and occur as fibrils with type I and type II collagen respectively. (news-medical.net)
  • 2004) Age-related changes on the surface of vitreous collagen fibrils. (scirp.org)
  • Type VII collagen, a component of anchoring fibrils, is also targeted in epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA). (medscape.com)
  • Type VII collagen is the major component of structures in the skin called anchoring fibrils. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When type VII collagen is abnormal or missing, anchoring fibrils cannot form properly. (medlineplus.gov)
  • As a result, little type VII collagen is available to make anchoring fibrils. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When the abnormally shaped collagen molecules are incorporated into anchoring fibrils, they interfere with the fibrils' normal function and prevent them from effectively connecting the epidermis and the dermis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Collagen consists of amino acids wound together to form triple- helices to form of elongated fibrils . (wikipedia.org)
  • The mutations in type XVIII collagen result in a multitude of abnormalities in vision and eye structure, some of which include high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, macular abnormalities, and occipital encephalocele. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mutations in collagen 18A1 and their relevance to the human phenotype. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Somewhat less severe forms of RDEB, grouped as the generalized and localized types (RDEB-gen and -loc), are caused by other types of mutations. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In many cases, these mutations alter a part of type VII collagen known as the triple helical domain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Mutations that substitute other amino acids for glycine in this region can disrupt the triple-stranded structure of type VII collagen. (medlineplus.gov)
  • DDEB can also be caused by other types of mutations, particularly changes that affect the folding of type VII collagen. (medlineplus.gov)
  • OI is due to mutations involving several genes, the most commonly involved are the COL1A1 or COL1A2 genes which are responsible for the synthesis of the proalpha-1 and proalpha-2 polypeptide chains that form the type I collagen triple helix. (hindawi.com)
  • OI is the result of mutations involving several genes responsible for the synthesis or intracellular processing of type I collagen (COL1). (hindawi.com)
  • Mutations in these genes lead to severe or lethal skeletal disease (OI types VII and VIII) [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Expression of Type XVII Collagen .ALPHA.1 Chain mRNA in the Mouse Heart. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Type X collagen is a short-chain collagen that is strongly expressed in hypertrophic chondrocytes. (diva-portal.org)
  • There are 29 genetically distinct collagens present in animal tissues. (news-medical.net)
  • Type I collagen is found throughout the body except in cartilaginous tissues. (news-medical.net)
  • Collagens are a family of proteins that strengthen and support connective tissues, such as skin, bone, tendons, and ligaments, throughout the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Moreover, the wound tissues of diabetic mice showed a marked reduction in the phosphorylation of Smad2 and Smad3 as well as a marked reduction in collagen production. (nih.gov)
  • Most importantly, compared with untreated diabetic mice, the treatment of diabetic mice with propolis significantly enhanced the production of collagen via the TGF-β1/Smad2,3 signaling axis in wounded tissues. (nih.gov)
  • 8 Most recently, the S3 technique has received increasing interest for diagnostics of different types of cancers in human tissues. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Depending upon the degree of mineralization, collagen tissues may be either rigid (bone) or compliant (tendon) or have a gradient from rigid to compliant (cartilage). (wikipedia.org)
  • I got this product because I am pregnant, and I read that collagen is essential building block for a lot of important tissues, such as bones, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. (iherb.com)
  • Although the ECM macromolecules are best known for their architectural support of tissues, recent work indicates other important cell functions e.g., the ECM and collagen are both susceptible to environmental that can result in altered properties. (omicsonline.org)
  • In addition there is excess collagen formation and deposition in scleroderma. (news-medical.net)
  • In addition to the above mentioned disorders, excessive deposition of collagen occurs in scleroderma. (news-medical.net)
  • Additional findings include the abnormal ultrastructure of fatbody associated with abnormal collagen IV deposition, and reduced Wingless deposition. (okayama-u.ac.jp)
  • Gradual calcium deposition within collagen occurs as a natural function of aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • The deposition of type X collagen increased during maturation from age 43 weeks to 91 weeks. (diva-portal.org)
  • Your search returned 70 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 ELISA ELISA Kit across 5 suppliers. (biocompare.com)
  • The serum or urinary levels of alpha C-telopeptide of collagen type I (ααCTX), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and total alkaline phosphatase (tALP) were assessed. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The most sensitive marker for bone metastases was a novel marker of high bone turnover alpha-telopeptide collagen type I (ααCTX), which increased the most with increasing number of bone metastases. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Type XII collagen was overexpressed in human corneal scars in areas that were also positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin staining. (arvojournals.org)
  • Corneal wound healing is a complex process involving many cell types, signaling pathways, and proteins. (arvojournals.org)
  • Regeneration associated with sharp increases in specific ECM proteins, and with an overall decrease in collagens and cytoskeletal proteins. (mcponline.org)
  • In this study, we used an immunohistochemical technique exploiting a prolonged hyaluronidase unmasking of type X collagen epitopes to show that type X collagen is not restricted to calcified cartilage, but is also present in normal canine noncalcified articular cartilage. (diva-portal.org)
  • Multi Collagen Pills with Hyaluronic Acid & Vitamin C: 5 Type. (amzn.com)
  • ArthroPet is an innovative formula that provides chicken cartilage (a natural source of collagen type II, glucosamine, chondroitin and hyaluronic acid), Plus MSM, CMO, and Manganese. (iherb.com)
  • Belongs to the multiplexin collagen family. (abcam.com)
  • Super Collagen™ is enzymatically hydrolyzed, providing an amino acid ratio with a low molecular weight for maximum bioavailability and utilization by the body. (vitaminworld.com)
  • Super Collagen™ is neutral in taste and is specifically formulated in an easy to take powder form. (vitaminworld.com)
  • Directions: As a daily dietary supplement, dissolve one scoop of Super Collagen™ Dietary Supplement with one spoon of water or orange juice. (vitaminworld.com)
  • Other Ingredients: Super Collagen™ Type 1&3 derived from pharmaceutical food grade bovine collagen. (vitaminworld.com)
  • This is the most abundant collagen of the human body. (news-medical.net)
  • 2003) Age-related liquefaction of the human vitreous body: LM and TEM evaluation of the role of proteogly cans and collagen. (scirp.org)
  • 2009) En zymatic breakdown of type 2 collagen in the human vit reous. (scirp.org)
  • Human collagen type III from placental origin was obtained from Sigma Chemical Co. Unfractionated heparin (Thromboliquine) was purchased from Organon and LMWH (Fragmin) from Kabi Pharmacia. (ahajournals.org)
  • Immunization of mice with CII and an adjuvant induces arthritis that resembles human RA, the so-called collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Both human and bovine collagen is widely used as dermal fillers for treatment of wrinkles and skin aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Characteristics of the mosaic genome of a human parechovirus type 1 strain isolated from an infant w. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Previous studies have shown that undenatured type II collagen (UC-II) is effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and preliminary human and animal trials have shown it to be effective in treating osteoarthritis (OA). (medsci.org)
  • Corneal scars from a 7-month-old mouse revealed an overexpression of type XII collagen in the wound area similar to what we observed in human corneal scars. (arvojournals.org)
  • Type XII collagen is overexpressed in permanent human and mouse corneal scars and could represent a new target to treat corneal scarring. (arvojournals.org)
  • This revealed that among all the collagens that make up the human body, a type called collagen IV was a key innovation that enabled single celled organisms to evolve into multicellular animals. (elifesciences.org)
  • Type II collagen is the main component of cartilage. (news-medical.net)
  • Although the nature of the autoantigens in RA is not yet clarified, collagen type II (CII), which is present abundantly in the articular cartilage, the site of inflammatory attack in arthritis, is a potential candidate autoantigen. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Other types of tissue found in bones include bone marrow , endosteum , periosteum , nerves , blood vessels and cartilage . (wikipedia.org)
  • Site-specific immunostaining for type X collagen in noncalcified articular cartilage of canine stifle knee joint. (diva-portal.org)
  • In the patella, most of the noncalcified cartilage stained for type X collagen, whereas, in the patellar surface of the femur, it was present mainly in the femoral groove close to cartilage surface. (diva-portal.org)
  • In tibial condyles, type X collagen was often observed close to the cartilage surface in medial parts of the condyles, although staining could also be seen in the deep zone of the cartilage. (diva-portal.org)
  • No significant difference in type X collagen immunostaining was observed in lesion-free articular cartilage between controls and dogs that underwent a 30 degrees valgus osteotomy. (diva-portal.org)
  • The presence of type X collagen in the transitional zone of cartilage in the patella, femoropatellar groove, and in tibial cartilage uncovered by menisci suggests that it may involve a modification of collagen fibril arrangement at the site of collagen fibril arcades, perhaps providing additional support to the collagen network. (diva-portal.org)
  • The primary objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of corneal collagen cross-linking at irradiance levels of 9 and 18 mW/cm2. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the keratoconus (KC) cone location on the change in refractive outcomes, corneal aberrations and biomechanics after combined topography-guided photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and collagen crosslinking (CXL). (biomedsearch.com)
  • To investigate type XII collagen expression in corneal scars in vivo. (arvojournals.org)
  • In a mouse model of corneal wound injury we found that at 14 and 21 days postexcision, type XII collagen was largely concentrated in the subepithelial region of the cornea, especially in and near the wound bed. (arvojournals.org)
  • The collagen XVIII has three different isoforms. (wikipedia.org)
  • While each of the isoforms has the same C-terminus end, they have a varying structure on the N-terminus end, which results in the formation of short, medium or long form Collagen XVIII. (wikipedia.org)
  • This type of mutation particularly affects only one isoform of type XVIII collagen - the short isoform type, while the medium and long isoforms are unaffected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Little is known about the function of collagen XVIII, but it appears that all of the isoforms are involved in normal development of the eye. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This is the collagen of granulation tissue, and is produced quickly by young fibroblasts before the tougher type I collagen is synthesized. (news-medical.net)
  • Nonlinear optical properties of collagen type-I are investigated in thin tissue sections of pig tendon as a research model using a complete polarimetric second-harmonic generation (P-SHG) microscopy technique called double Stokes-Mueller polarimetry (DSMP). (nature.com)
  • A process for extracting type I collagen from an avian source such as poultry feet that incorporates a fibrillar mass of connective tissue as well as bony tissue to yield a collagen product having useful medical and biotechnology applications. (google.co.uk)
  • The enzyme-treated comminuted material which is rich in collagen is dispersed in an organic acid to cause the fibrillar mass to undergo controlled swelling, after which the mass is separated from the bony tissue and purified to remove non-collangenous material. (google.co.uk)
  • It is not commonly appreciated, however, that OI is a systemic disorder of connective tissue due to the wide distribution of type I collagen in multiple organs. (hindawi.com)
  • The experimental results analyzed using nonnegative least square method show that there is a reduced contribution from collagen and an increased contribution from tryptophan to the S3 signal of the cancerous tissue as compared with those of the normal tissue. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • This study indicates that the changes of relative contents of tryptophan and collagen in tissue shown by the S3 spectra may present potential native biomarkers for breast and prostate cancer detection. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Bone tissue (osseous tissue) is a hard tissue , a type of dense connective tissue . (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone tissue is made up of different types of bone cells . (wikipedia.org)
  • The mineralised matrix of bone tissue has an organic component of mainly collagen called ossein and an inorganic component of bone mineral made up of various salts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bone tissue is a mineralized tissue of two types, cortical bone and cancellous bone . (wikipedia.org)
  • Collagen constitutes one to two percent of muscle tissue and accounts for 6% of the weight of strong, tendinous muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pathology of the collagen underpinning of the heart is understood within the category of connective tissue disease . (wikipedia.org)
  • Collectively, we conclude that collagen IV and its variant, spongin, are primordial components of the extracellular microenvironment, and as a component of BM, collagen IV enabled the assembly of a fundamental architectural unit for multicellular tissue genesis. (elifesciences.org)
  • Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancer types, representing 19% of all cancers diagnosed in 2002, with 679,000 new cases in the western world ( 1 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Much work has been done to measure these interactions using recombinant elements in soluble phase with surface plasmon resonance [13] , [18] . (plos.org)
  • Thus, stabilization of collagen helical structure seems to be one important function of the ECM. (omicsonline.org)
  • Sertié AL, Sossi V, Camargo AA, Zatz M, Brahe C, Passos-Bueno MR. Collagen XVIII, containing an endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth, plays a critical role in the maintenance of retinal structure and in neural tube closure (Knobloch syndrome). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Just received my order the other day so I will submit a review after I've tried the product in a few weeks so I can give it some time to feel any effects hopefully it works I've tried other collagen products with type I and three collagen so I'm hoping this multi collagen will be more effective. (amzn.com)
  • The main features of this syndrome involve retinal abnormalities so type XVIII collagen may play an important role in retinal structure and in neural tube closure. (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, Stickler syndrome types 1 and 2 (STL1 and STL2) have myopia and abnormal vitreous while type 3 is a non-ocular form of the syndrome. (molvis.org)
  • As noted above, disordered type I collagen synthesis affects multiple organs in addition to bone. (hindawi.com)
  • He is recognized internationally for his work in the areas of collagen photochemistry and melanin photobiology as pertaining to redox reactivity. (omicsonline.org)
  • Some research has suggested that abnormal forms of type VII collagen that retain a procollagen fragment called the NC1 domain may increase the risk of tumor formation. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Blue sclerae result from altered light reflectance in the presence of abnormal scleral collagen [ 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Dentinogenesis imperfecta is the result of abnormal collagen in dental pulp which leads to enamel breakage. (hindawi.com)
  • A number of key fluorophores tryptophan, collagen, elastin, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), and flavin were investigated as the fingerprint molecules in biomedical optics. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • This study aimed to investigate collagen (Coll-I, III, IV) and elastin in canine normal prostate and prostate cancer (PC) using Picrosirius red (PSR) and Immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis. (mdpi.com)
  • For example, well-aligned collagen fibres provide the required viscoelastic properties of tendon and add elasticity to the composite material of bone. (nature.com)
  • Collagen has been widely used in cosmetic surgery, as a healing aid for burn patients for reconstruction of bone and a wide variety of dental, orthopedic, and surgical purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taken together, these results show for the first time that thrombocytopenia in platelet-type von Willebrand disease is due to the combination of different pathogenic mechanisms, i.e. the formation of a reduced number of platelets by megakaryocytes, the ectopic release of platelets in the bone marrow, and the increased clearance of platelet/vWF complexes. (haematologica.org)
  • In RA-bearing mice, the expressions of inflammation-related cytokines were suppressed, and clinical symptoms and bone erosion were ameliorated by LA. The accumulation of (18)F-FDG in the joints of RA-bearing mice was also significantly decreased by LA. The results indicate that LA significantly improves the symptoms of RA by down-regulating expressions of inflammatory cytokines and osteoclastogenesis. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Decrease the Expression of RANKL in Collagen-Induced Arthritis Rats via Reducing the Levels of IL-22. (medworm.com)
  • All 5 criteria listed above are needed for a diagnosis of type 1 bullous systemic lupus erythematosus, whereas only the first 4 criteria are needed to diagnose type 2 (undetermined location of antigen or dermal antigen other than type VII collagen) and type 3 (epidermal antigen) bullous systemic lupus erythematosus. (medscape.com)
  • Type XVIII collagen is essential for survival during acute liver injury in mice. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The type-XVIII-collagen-dependent response to liver injury is mediated by survival signals induced by α1β1 integrin, integrin linked kinase and the Akt pathway, and mice deficient in either α1β1 integrin or hepatocyte integrin linked kinase also succumb to toxic liver injury. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Evidence suggests that type I cGK (cGK-1) phosphorylates VASP and regulates adhesion in platelets, as platelets of knockout mice for cGK-1 lack VASP phosphorylation and have a defect in cGMP-mediated aggregation ( 15 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • GPIbα and vWF play a role in megakaryocytopoiesis, thus we aimed to investigate megakaryocyte differentiation and proplatelet-formation in platelet-type von Willebrand disease using megakaryocytes from a patient carrying the Met239Val variant and from mice carrying the Gly233Val variant. (haematologica.org)
  • 1 Findings in support of this interpretation are the presence of circulating vWF-platelet complexes in a murine model of PT-vWD 3 and the increased platelet clearance of mice with type 2B-vWD, a condition in which mutated vWF shows enhanced affinity for GPIbα. (haematologica.org)
  • Lupeol acetate ameliorates collagen-induced arthritis and osteoclastogenesis of mice through improvement of microenvironment. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • For in vivo study, collagen-induced arthritis (CIA)-bearing DBA/1J mice were randomly separated into three groups: vehicle, LA-treated (50mg/kg) and curcumin-treated (100mg/kg). (greenmedinfo.com)
  • A glycopeptide fragment, CII259-273, from type II collagen has shown promising results as a vaccine against arthritis resembling RA in mice. (diva-portal.org)
  • N-acetylcysteine Prevents the Decreases in Cardiac Collagen I/III ratio and Systolic Function in Neonatal Mice with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure. (medworm.com)
  • Therefore, by extracting χ (2) values, the organisation of collagen fibres can be characterised and certain molecular details about the collagen structure can be inferred. (nature.com)
  • vWF multimers of lower molecular weight show less binding to platelets in the presence of ristocetin 14 and less binding to collagen. (ahajournals.org)
  • Visit the database of genomic characterization data for multiple tumor types. (nih.gov)
  • These findings demonstrate that type XVIII collagen is an important functional component of the liver matrix microenvironment and is crucial for hepatocyte survival during injury and stress. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The polymer when mixed with collagen type II (CII) induced antigen-specific autoimmunity and arthritis. (royalsocietypublishing.org)