Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Transsexualism: Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Sexual and Gender Disorders: Mental disorders related to sexual dysfunction, paraphilias, and gender identity disorders.Sexual Harassment: A form of discrimination in the workplace which violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Sexual harassment takes two forms: quid pro quo, where the employee must submit to sexual advances in exchange for job benefits or be penalized for refusing; or a hostile environment, where the atmosphere of the workplace is offensive and affects the employee's well-being. Offensive sexual conduct may include unwelcome advances, comments, touching, questions about marital status and sex practices, etc. Both men and women may be aggressors or victims. (Slee and Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed, p.404). While civil rights legislation deals with sexual harassment in the workplace, the behavior is not restricted to this; it may take place outside the work environment: in schools and colleges, athletics, and other social milieus and activities.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Thermosensing: The sensation of cold, heat, coolness, and warmth as detected by THERMORECEPTORS.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Plumbaginaceae: A plant family of the order Plumbaginales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida of shrubs and herbs. Some members contain ANTHOCYANINS and naphthaquinones.Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Game Theory: Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.Menthol: An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.Thermoreceptors: Cellular receptors which mediate the sense of temperature. Thermoreceptors in vertebrates are mostly located under the skin. In mammals there are separate types of thermoreceptors for cold and for warmth and NOCICEPTORS which detect cold or heat extreme enough to cause pain.TRPM Cation Channels: A subgroup of TRP cation channels named after melastatin protein. They have the TRP domain but lack ANKYRIN repeats. Enzyme domains in the C-terminus leads to them being called chanzymes.Cellular Phone: Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.Computers, Handheld: A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.Malus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Superstitions: A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Bulimia: Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Acclimatization: Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.Thermography: Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.Body Temperature Regulation: The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.Rhode IslandSewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Waste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Waste Water: Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Bioreactors: Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.Ammonia: A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.Polypropylenes: Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Bandages: Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.DNA Packaging: The folding of an organism's DNA molecule into a compact, orderly structure that fits within the limited space of a CELL or VIRUS PARTICLE.Surgical Tape: A flat, flexible strip of material used to cover or fasten together damaged tissue.Alberta: A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Mars: The fourth planet in order from the sun. Its two natural satellites are Deimos and Phobos. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the solar system.Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.
Double-strand break repair in yeast requires both leading and lagging strand DNA polymerases. (1/6450)Mitotic double-strand break (DSB)-induced gene conversion at MAT in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was analyzed molecularly in mutant strains thermosensitive for essential replication factors. The processivity cofactors PCNA and RFC are essential even to synthesize as little as 30 nucleotides following strand invasion. Both PCNA-associated DNA polymerases delta and epsilon are important for gene conversion, though a temperature-sensitive Pol epsilon mutant is more severe than one in Pol delta. Surprisingly, mutants of lagging strand replication, DNA polymerase alpha (pol1-17), DNA primase (pri2-1), and Rad27p (rad27 delta) also greatly inhibit completion of DSB repair, even in G1-arrested cells. We propose a novel model for DSB-induced gene conversion in which a strand invasion creates a modified replication fork, involving leading and lagging strand synthesis from the donor template. Replication is terminated by capture of the second end of the DSB. (+info)
Gibberellic acid stabilises microtubules in maize suspension cells to cold and stimulates acetylation of alpha-tubulin. (2/6450)Gibberellic acid is known to stabilise microtubules in plant organs against depolymerisation. We have now devised a simplified cell system for studying this. Pretreatment of a maize cell suspension with gibberellic acid for just 3 h stabilised protoplast microtubules against depolymerisation on ice. In other eukaryotes, acetylation of alpha-tubulin is known to correlate with microtubule stabilisation but this is not established in plants. By isolating the polymeric tubulin fraction from maize cytoskeletons and immunoblotting with the antibody 6-11B-1, we have demonstrated that gibberellic acid stimulates the acetylation of alpha-tubulin. This is the first demonstrated link between microtubule stabilisation and tubulin acetylation in higher plants. (+info)
Perturbation of mammalian cell division. III. The topography and kinetics of extrusion subdivision. (3/6450)If mitotic-arrested, cold-stored HeLa cells are incubated at 37 degrees C a proportion of the population divides by an aberrant process which we have called subdivision by extrusion. This process has been studied by time-lapse photography and shown to differ from normal cleavage in several respects. The cell surface becomes more generally mobile and, instead of producing the precisely localized furrowing activity of cytokinesis, gives rise to multiple surface protrusions. These protrusions enlarge at the expense of the parent cell and develop into a cluster of small daughter cells (mini segregants). The surface structure of the cell, as seen by scanning electron microscopy, also changes; the microvilli characteristic of interphase, metaphase and cleaving HeLa cells are lost during extrusion and the cell surface becomes smooth. Extrusion activity is much more variable than division by cleavage in terms of both topography and kinetics, and in general takes longer to complete. Some cells in the cold-treated populations divide by mixtures of cleavage and extrusion or by cleavage alone. The relative numbers of cells dividing in different ways vary with the conditions of pretreatment and incubation of the mitotic cells. The greater the perturbation (e.g. longer cold storage), the greater the proportion of extruding rather than cleaving cells. Human diploid cells can also be induced to subdivide by extrusion. Possible mechanisms underlying the different types of division activity are discussed. (+info)
Low temperature and pressure stability of picornaviruses: implications for virus uncoating. (4/6450)The family Picornaviridae includes several viruses of great economic and medical importance. Poliovirus replicates in the human digestive tract, causing disease that may range in severity from a mild infection to a fatal paralysis. The human rhinovirus is the most important etiologic agent of the common cold in adults and children. Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes one of the most economically important diseases in cattle. These viruses have in common a capsid structure composed of 60 copies of four different proteins, VP1 to VP4, and their 3D structures show similar general features. In this study we describe the differences in stability against high pressure and cold denaturation of these viruses. Both poliovirus and rhinovirus are stable to high pressure at room temperature, because pressures up to 2.4 kbar are not enough to promote viral disassembly and inactivation. Within the same pressure range, FMDV particles are dramatically affected by pressure, with a loss of infectivity of more than 4 log units observed. The dissociation of polio and rhino viruses can be observed only under pressure (2.4 kbar) at low temperatures in the presence of subdenaturing concentrations of urea (1-2 M). The pressure and low temperature data reveal clear differences in stability among the three picornaviruses, FMDV being the most sensitive, polio being the most resistant, and rhino having intermediate stability. Whereas rhino and poliovirus differ little in stability (less than 10 kcal/mol at 0 degrees C), the difference in free energy between these two viruses and FMDV was remarkable (more than 200 kcal/mol of particle). These differences are crucial to understanding the different factors that control the assembly and disassembly of the virus particles during their life cycle. The inactivation of these viruses by pressure (combined or not with low temperature) has potential as a method for producing vaccines. (+info)
CspI, the ninth member of the CspA family of Escherichia coli, is induced upon cold shock. (5/6450)Escherichia coli contains the CspA family, consisting of nine proteins (CspA to CspI), in which CspA, CspB, and CspG have been shown to be cold shock inducible and CspD has been shown to be stationary-phase inducible. The cspI gene is located at 35.2 min on the E. coli chromosome map, and CspI shows 70, 70, and 79% identity to CspA, CspB, and CspG, respectively. Analyses of cspI-lacZ fusion constructs and the cspI mRNA revealed that cspI is cold shock inducible. The 5'-untranslated region of the cspI mRNA consists of 145 bases and causes a negative effect on cspI expression at 37 degrees C. The cspI mRNA was very unstable at 37 degrees C but was stabilized upon cold shock. Analyses of the CspI protein on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed that CspI production is maximal at or below 15 degrees C. Taking these results together, E. coli possesses a total of four cold shock-inducible proteins in the CspA family. Interestingly, the optimal temperature ranges for their induction are different: CspA induction occurs over the broadest temperature range (30 to 10 degrees C), CspI induction occurs over the narrowest and lowest temperature range (15 to 10 degrees C), and CspB and CspG occurs at temperatures between the above extremes (20 to 10 degrees C). (+info)
A cold-active glucanase from the ruminal bacterium Fibrobacter succinogenes S85. (6/6450)We previously characterized two endoglucanases, CelG and EGD, from the mesophilic ruminal anaerobe Fibrobacter succinogenes S85. Further comparative experiments have shown that CelG is a cold-active enzyme whose catalytic properties are superior to those of several other intensively studied cold-active enzymes. It has a lower temperature optimum, of 25 degrees C, and retains about 70% of its maximum activity at 0 degrees C, while EGD has a temperature optimum of 35 degrees C and retains only about 18% of its maximal activity at 0 degrees C. When assayed at 4 degrees C, CelG exhibits a 33-fold-higher kcat value and a 73-fold-higher physiological efficiency (kcat/Km) than EGD. CelG has a low thermal stability, as indicated by the effect of temperature on its activity and secondary structure. The presence of small amino acids around the putative catalytic residues may add to the flexibility of the enzyme, thereby increasing its activity at cold temperatures. Its activity is modulated by sodium chloride, with an increase of over 1.8-fold at an ionic strength of 0.03. Possible explanations for the presence of a cold-active enzyme in a mesophile are that cold-active enzymes are more broadly distributed than previously expected, that lateral transfer of the gene from a psychrophile occurred, or that F. succinogenes originated from the marine environment. (+info)
The role of the sympathetic nervous system in the regulation of leptin synthesis in C57BL/6 mice. (7/6450)The objectives of this study were to determine whether leptin synthesis is regulated by the sympathetic nervous system and if so whether beta-adrenergic receptors mediate this effect. We show that sympathetic blockade by reserpine increases leptin mRNA levels in brown but not white adipose tissue, while acute cold-exposure decreases leptin expression 10-fold in brown adipose tissue and 2-fold in white adipose tissue. The cold-induced reduction in leptin mRNA can be prevented by a combination of propranolol and SR 59230A but not by either antagonist alone, indicating that beta3-adrenergic receptors and classical beta1/beta2-adrenergic receptors both mediate responses to sympathetic stimulation. Circulating leptin levels reflect synthesis in white adipose tissue but not in brown adipose tissue. (+info)
Differential regulation of uncoupling protein-1, -2 and -3 gene expression by sympathetic innervation in brown adipose tissue of thermoneutral or cold-exposed rats. (8/6450)The control of uncoupling protein-1, -2 and -3 (UCP-1, UCP-2, UCP-3) mRNA levels by sympathetic innervation in rats was investigated by specific and sensitive RT-PCR assays. In rats reared at thermoneutrality (25 degrees C), unilateral surgical sympathetic denervation of interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) markedly reduced the UCP-1 mRNA level (-38%) as compared with the contralateral innervated BAT pad, but was without significant effect on UCP-2 and -3 mRNA levels. Cold exposure (7 days, 4 degrees C) markedly increased UCP-1 (+180%), UCP-2 (+115%) and UCP-3 (+195%) mRNA levels in interscapular BAT. Unilateral sympathetic denervation prevented the cold-induced rise in BAT UCP-1 and UCP-2 mRNAs, but not that in BAT UCP-3 mRNA. Results were confirmed by Northern blot analysis. These data indicate a differential endocrine control of UCP-1, UCP-2 and UCP-3 gene expression in rat BAT both at thermoneutrality and during prolonged cold exposure. (+info)
"Coldest temperature". BBC. "2003 January". Met Office. "2010 December". Met Office. "Travel Weather Averages (Weatherbase)". ... East Malling's highest temperature of 37.4 °C (99.3 °F) was recorded in August 2003. The lowest temperature recorded is −17.8 ° ... The lowest temperature recorded in recent years was −10.7 °C (12.7 °F) on 20 December 2010. The Köppen Climate Classification ...
2016-17 North American winter
"Cold Temperatures Return Northeast". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2017-03-20. "Winter Storm Ursa Dumps Snow on Higher ... "Will next cold wave set stage for ice, snow in northeastern US late this week?". www.accuweather.com. Retrieved 2017-03-20. " ... After the blizzard, a short cold-wave hit the East U.S., while a minor snow storm hit Cape Cod on March 19, causing 1-4 inches ... A squall line begin to coalesce along the system's cold front as the low began to deepen somewhat. An arctic airmass to the ...
Vostok is the coldest place on Earth. The average temperature of the cold season (from April to October) is about −65 °C (−85 ° ... The coldest month was August 1987 with a mean temperature of −75.4 °C (−103.7 °F) and the warmest month was December 1989 with ... The coldest wind chill was −124 °C (−191 °F) on 24 August 2005 with a real temperature of −74 °C (−101 °F). Though unconfirmed ... It is by far the coldest spot on earth, with the lowest recorded temperature being −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F). The average summer ...
"Planck instruments reach their coldest temperature". European Space Agency. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009. "Planck on ... "Planck sees tapestry of cold dust". European Space Agency. 17 March 2010. "New Planck images trace cold dust and reveal large- ... The temperature of the High Frequency Instrument reached just a tenth of a degree above absolute zero (0.1 K) on 3 July 2009, ... "Coldest Known Object in Space Is Very Unnatural". Space.com. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2013. "Planck: Mission Overview". ...
ciceris flourish in conditions such as cold temperature. Research started selecting favourable genes for pathogen resistance ... In Spain, they are used cold in tapas and salads, as well as in cocido madrileño. In Italy, chickpeas are eaten with pasta or ... Chickpeas can also be pressure cooked or sous vide cooked at 90 °C (194 °F). Mature chickpeas can be cooked and eaten cold in ... Research for yield improvement, such as an attempt to increase yield from 0.8 to 2.0 tons per hectare by breeding cold- ...
Colder temperatures injure the roots. In 2010, the world average annual yield for sweet potato crop was 13.2 tonnes per hectare ... It grows best at an average temperature of 24 °C (75 °F), abundant sunshine and warm nights. Annual rainfalls of 750-1,000 mm ( ...
The pathogen grows in moist cold temperatures. So, in the right conditions, pathogenic activity increases as the root systems ... Dipping seed garlic in water at 115 °F (46 °C) is effective, but higher temperatures may kill the cloves. It is also important ... The White Rot pathogen is dependent upon temperature. Environmental conditions influence the germination with it favoring ... These small black globular structures are resistant to adverse temperatures and can remain dormant in the soil for years even ...
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"Baguio in its coldest temperature in 2016". CNN Philippines. January 28, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2017. "Baguio coldest in 46 ... Abnormally cold' temperatures recorded in January". GMA News. January 31, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2017. "Baguio, Tuguegarao ... Baguio City experience cold at 6.3-degree Celsius, the country's lowest temperature on record. December 7 - Diosdado Macapagal ... "Baguio City records lowest temperature in 2017". CNN Philippines. February 15, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017. " ...
At a cold temperature, oxygen solubility is greatly increased. This classification follows Eastman and Eakin, 2000. Family ... the generally cold, stable seawater temperatures of the Southern Ocean. Many notothenioid fish are able to survive in the ... The main seawater temperatures between −2 and 4 °C (28 and 39 °F), but some the subpolar species inhabit waters that may be as ... Seawater temperatures below the freezing point of fresh water (0 °C or 32 °F) are possible due to the dissolved salts. ...
This cold temperature is critical for these species survival. The cave remains cool because it functions as a natural cold air ... If this natural cold air trap were to be breached at an elevation lower than the entrance, the cold air would quickly flow out ... Cold air goes down, and having no place to escape, stays down, filling the cave's massive passages. This cold air collecting ... The reason Hellhole is such an important cave for these bats is its unusually low ambient air temperature. Most caves in West ...
It is found in cold, fresh waters with an optimal growth temperature below 16C. When grown on Cytophaga Agar, F. psychrophilum ... Hesami, S., Metcalf, D. S., Lumsden, J. S., & MacInnes, J. I. (2011). Identification of Cold-Temperature-Regulated Genes in ... Cipriano, R. C., & Holt, R. A. (2005). Flavobacterium psychrophilum, cause of bacterial cold-water disease and rainbow trout ... and bacterial cold water disease prevention and treatment. Open Fish Science Journal, 4, 40-48. Duchaud, E., Boussaha, M., Loux ...
It does not tolerate cold temperatures. The pickleworm adult is a flashy moth with wide triangular wings and a wingspan of ...
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Sega is vulnerable to cold temperatures. Shell Shell is from an alien race that's made of rock. He can encase people in rocky ...
It does not tolerate cold temperatures. An uncommon plant, though it may be locally abundant in certain sites. Growing up to ...
They are associated with cold temperatures. The places around the Middle East most likely to see the winter variety lie near ... When a passing storm with a strong cold front passes over the mountains of Turkey, the leading edge of a mass of relatively ... The proximity of the two jet streams promotes the formation of strong but often dry cold fronts which create the Shamal. The ... Temperatures at lower elevations still hover above 105 °Fahrenheit (42 °Celsius) during these events. In Iran, where winter ...
Freshwater species can survive colder temperatures. Scientists tested to see if they could reproduce this evolution of cold- ... It took the marine sticklebacks only three generations to evolve to match the 2.5 degree Celsius improvement in cold-tolerance ... The early cultures had shown clear signs of distress at a temperature of 73 °F, and were certainly not capable of surviving at ... "Rapid evolution of cold tolerance in stickleback". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 278 (1703): 233-238 ...
Present day Mars habitability analogue environments on Earth
On Earth, although temperatures on Earth briefly get cold enough for dry ice to form in the Antarctic interior at high ... "Antarctica records unofficial coldest temperature ever". USA Today. Cordero, Raul R.; Seckmeyer, Gunther; Damiani, Alessandro; ... Temperature. Nowhere on Earth reproduces the extreme changes in temperature that happen within a single day on Mars. Dry ice. ... two sets of cold saline springs on Axel Heiberg Island that flow with almost constant temperature and flow rate throughout the ...
They only survive outdoors where temperatures do not normally drop below 10° to 13°C in winter; colder temperatures can cause ... In colder climates, the plants are grown in greenhouses or as house plants. The cultivated garden crotons are usually smaller ...
Cold temperature, water and sunlight are preferred for seed germination. In the spring, the seeds may germinate slower than in ... winter because of the warmer temperature. In some cases, the seeds of A. acutiloba are sown in the first winter and moved to ...
Quartier Militaire is known for its cold temperature in Mauritius. The coolest temperature ever recorded in Quartier-Militaire ...
Strong winds often intensify the cold temperatures. Snowfall is erratic, however even the heaviest snowfalls can melt quickly. ... The city has a cold maritime climate characterized by cool summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall (Köppen climate ... Icy roads are the greater concern as the sunshine will often melt the ice and then as afternoon temperatures cool down, the ... May is usually quite pleasant with warm temperatures. The onset of summer usually brings the rainy season. This normally begins ...
... can breed throughout the year, if the temperature is high enough; they do not breed under cold temperatures. ... Maturity can be reached in few months under warm summer temperatures, but maturation may take as much as two years in ... permanently cold water bodies (e.g., high-latitude or mountain waters). Life span varies similarly: from 9 months in South ...
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"State hit by blast of cold temperatures". The Harlan Daily Enterprise. The Associated Press. 12 March 1998. Retrieved 24 August ...
Germination of the seeds requires cold temperatures. Young plants eat springtails while larger plants eat flies. The trapping ...
Geography of Kyrgyzstan
The coldest temperatures are in mountain valleys. There, readings can fall to −30 °C (−22 °F) or lower; the record is −53.6 °C ... In January the warmest average temperature (−4 °C or 25 °F) occurs around the southern city of Osh, and around Ysyk-Köl. The ... The same conditions also affect temperatures, which can vary significantly from place to place. ... 64.5 °F). The average temperature for July similarly varies from 27 °C (80.6 °F) in the Fergana Valley, where the record high ...
List of food additives
Doesn't tolerate high temperatures. Pulegone Purslane - Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) - Quatre épices - Quillaia ... cold pressed rather than distilled. Consists of 90% d-Limonene. Used as a fragrance, in cleaning products and in flavoring ... suitable for cooking at high temperatures. Also used as a salad oil, and in cosmetics. Green S - color (green) Green tea - ... suitable for high temperature cooking. Widely used in Asia. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) - Rubixanthin - color Saccharin ...
The effect of cold exposure on the systemic renin-angiotensin system and on regulation of the angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor was examined in target organs for Ang II with cardiovascular relevance (left ventricle, kidney, lung) and metabolic relevance [interscapular brown adipose tissue (ISBAT), liver] to the functional consequences of cold exposure. In time course studies, the effects were examined of 4 hr or 1, 3 and 7 days of exposure to cold (4 degrees C) on plasma Ang II concentration and Ang II receptor binding characteristics in rat liver. Plasma Ang II concentration increased 10-fold after 4 hr of cold exposure, returned to control levels at days 1 and 3 of cold exposure, and was again increased (2-fold) at 7 days of cold exposure. The affinity of [125I]Sar1, Ile8-Ang II binding in membranes prepared from rat liver was not altered in cold-exposed rats. The density (Bmax) of binding sites in liver from cold-exposed rats was increased by day 1 and remained elevated over time-matched controls.
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When is it too cold for my dog to go outside? Winter has come and some of us are experiencing cold temperatures and snow. This guide helps you and your dog survive the cold temperatures!
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Getting a pre-existing heart problem can place you at elevated risk for severe heart disease. Cold temperature and cardiovascular disease frequently dont mix well, however this doesnt mean you need to lose out on winter fun. By being conscious of the following advice and heart risks that cold temperature makes you to face, you may make better decisions regarding how to spend these cooler several weeks.. Cold temperature can narrow bloodstream vessels: This can be a response from the body so that they can retain heat, but regrettably, it can possibly put more force on the center while increasing bloodstream pressure and heartbeat. Its suggested to remain inside during very cold temperature.. Cold air may cause chest discomfort: This might take place in a lot of people. Putting on a shawl might help mitigate this as it can certainly warm-up the environment before you decide to breathe it.. Watch out for influenza: The cooler several weeks frequently bring by using it influenza along with other ...
Ascites syndrome mortality and cardiological response of broiler chickens subjected to cold exposure: effects of verapamil and...
In Experiment 1 ascites related mortality was 6%, 0%, 16% and 19% after 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks of cold exposure (100 C), respectively. After 4 weeks of cold exposure ascites related mortality was 24% in verapamil supplemented cold exposed broilers, in comparison to a 35% mortality in non- supplemented cold exposed broilers. Body weight was significantly depressed by cold exposure. Hematocrit was significantly elevated by cold exposure. Verapamil decreased hematocrit only in the ascitic cold-exposed population. RV/TV, RV/LV ratios were significantly increased by cold exposure in the ascitic population. Verapamil had no apparent effect on these variables. The ECG analysis employed accurately reflected the right ventricular hypertrophy observed by invasive measures. Right ventricular calcium, but not left, was significantly increased by cold exposure. verapamil non- significantly decreased calcium accumulation to control levels. In Experiment 2, there was a 0%, 4.3%, and 26% ascites related mortality ...
The City of St. Louis Department of Health is urging residents to prepare for an extended period of extreme cold temperatures and the first accumulating snow of the season
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Molecular Basis of Plant Cold Acclimation: Insights Gained from Studying the CBF Cold Response Pathway | Plant Physiology
The CBF regulon has a major role in freezing tolerance. The initial evidence for this was the finding that transgenic Arabidopsis plants constitutively expressing CBF1, CBF2, or CBF3 resulted in an increase in freezing tolerance without exposing plants to low temperature (Jaglo-Ottosen et al., 1998; Liu et al., 1998; Gilmour et al., 2004). Subsequently, Novillo et al. (2007) used RNA interference and antisense constructs to down-regulate the expression of CBF1 and CBF3 and found that this resulted in about a 25% to 50% decrease in freezing tolerance in cold-treated plants. In addition, Hannah et al. (2006) examined six accessions of Arabidopsis that differed in freezing tolerance and found that the levels of CBF1 and CBF2 expression, as well as genes that constitute the CBF2 regulon, positively correlated with freezing tolerance. Finally, Alonso-Blanco et al. (2005) mapped quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for freezing tolerance in recombinant inbreed lines produced from a cross between two ...
When water temperatures drop to 68 degrees or below, manatees can suffer from cold stress. In Brevard County this year, wildlife officials said they have only seen very minor cold stress on some animals, nothing that warranted intervention or rescue.. ...
When a car wont start during a very cold temperature this indicates that the problem has something to do with the car battery, as you may already know a battery is consisting of electrolyte, if this electrolytes freezes up even partially the battery will then losses power that is why during starting the engine wont crank because the power is not enough to start it. Now, a battery freezes at a very cold temperature, say 20F is just enough to partially freeze the electrolytes that is why you are experiencing a car wont start at a very cold temperature ...
Genetic analysis of the pnp-deaD genetic region reveals membrane lipoprotein NlpI as an independent participant in cold...
The cold acclimatization response in many bacterial species is a tightly regulated process, which ensures the correct folding of macromolecules. In enterobacteria, this response is in part dependent on polynucleotide phosphorylase, which is encoded by the gene pnp. Based on transcriptional analysis of the pnp locus of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, we show that pnp and the adjacent membrane lipoprotein nlpI gene form an operon with both genes contributing independently to the cold acclimatization response at 15 °C. Our findings thereby define a new role for NlpI in bacterial cold acclimatization.. ...
Repeated stress exposure results in a survival-reproduction trade-off in Drosophila melanogaster | Proceedings of the Royal...
While providing a warming period between cold exposures causes a decrease in mortality in several insect species (Petavy et al. 2001; Colinet et al. 2007; Kostal et al. 2007), our study provides, to our knowledge, the first evidence of a trade-off between immediate survival and future fitness as a result of a multiple stress response. Regardless of the age of the flies, we found that multiply exposed flies had lower mortality than flies exposed to cold for the same amount of time without opportunity for repair. However, we also found that this improvement in survival is costly: flies exposed to cold on multiple occasions had a lower intrinsic rate of population increase than any other cold treatment. Therefore, our increased cost hypothesis was supported: there is a fitness consequence to repeated cold exposure.. Our study is, to our knowledge, the first to quantify a long-term negative fitness impact of repeated cold injury. This response was found only in multiply exposed flies, and not in ...
IJMS | Free Full-Text | The Influence of Light Quality, Circadian Rhythm, and Photoperiod on the CBF-Mediated Freezing...
Low temperature adversely affects crop yields by restraining plant growth and productivity. Most temperate plants have the potential to increase their freezing tolerance upon exposure to low but nonfreezing temperatures, a process known as cold acclimation. Various physiological, molecular, and metabolic changes occur during cold acclimation, which suggests that the plant cold stress response is a complex, vital phenomenon that involves more than one pathway. The C-Repeat Binding Factor (CBF) pathway is the most important and well-studied cold regulatory pathway that imparts freezing tolerance to plants. The regulation of freezing tolerance involves the action of phytochromes, which play an important role in light-mediated signalling to activate cold-induced gene expression through the CBF pathway. Under normal temperature conditions, CBF expression is regulated by the circadian clock through the action of a central oscillator and also day length (photoperiod). The phytochrome and phytochrome
Background: Protection against cold is vitally important in prehospital trauma care to reduce heat loss and prevent body core cooling.. Objectives: Evaluate the effect on cold stress and thermoregulation in volunteer subjects byutilising additional insulation on a spineboard (I). Determine thermal insulation properties of blankets and rescue bags in different wind conditions (II). Establish the utility of wet clothing removal or the addition of a vapour barrier by determining the effect on heat loss within different levels of insulation in cold and warm ambient temperatures (III) and evaluating the effect on cold stress and thermoregulation in volunteer subjects (IV).. Methods: Aural canal temperature, sensation of shivering and cold discomfort was evaluated in volunteer subjects, immobilised on non-insulated (n=10) or insulated (n=9) spineboards in cold outdoor conditions (I). A thermal manikin was setup inside a climatic chamber and total resultant thermal insulation for the selected ensembles ...
New 20-page report on cryotherapy just released! Cold shock boosts norepinephrine up to 5-fold & increase type of immune cell...
This 20-page report explains how cold shock is a type of hormesis, which is a description of a type of stress that, in the right doses, is enough to shock the body and kick off adaptive processes and response mechanisms that are hardwired into our genes, and, once on, are able to create a resilience that actually exceeds what was needed to counter the initial stimuli. Rhonda discusses how cold exposure increases norepinephrine up to 5-fold in the brain and what the temperature and duration needed to do this are, how norepinephrine has an effect on mood, vigilance, focus, and attention, how cold exposure increases cold shock proteins including one in the brain that repairs damaged synapses and in muscle prevents atrophy, how cold-induced norepinephrine lowers inflammation and pain by decreasing the levels of 3 inflammatory mediators, how chronic cold shock may increase immune cell numbers and particularly a type of immune cell that kills cancer cells, how cold exposure increases metabolic rate, ...
Cryobiology is the branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on living things within Earths cryosphere or in science. The word cryobiology is derived from the Greek words κρῧος [kryos], "cold", βίος [bios], "life", and λόγος [logos], "word" (hence science). In practice, cryobiology is the study of biological material or systems at temperatures below normal. Materials or systems studied may include proteins, cells, tissues, organs, or whole organisms. Temperatures may range from moderately hypothermic conditions to cryogenic temperatures. At least six major areas of cryobiology can be identified: 1) study of cold-adaptation of microorganisms, plants (cold hardiness), and animals, both invertebrates and vertebrates (including hibernation), 2) cryopreservation of cells, tissues, gametes, and embryos of animal and human origin for (medical) purposes of long-term storage by cooling to temperatures below the freezing point of water. This usually requires the ...
Cold Shock Response of Bacillus subtilis: Isoleucine-Dependent Switch in the Fatty Acid Branching Pattern for Membrane...
Cold shock of JH642 cells in the absence of an isoleucine supply showed a decrease in viable cell number that corresponds to the decrease in OD. These cultures show an increasing absorption after more than 48 h of cold shock, with a concomitant increase in cell number (data not shown). Repeating cold shock with these cultures (i.e., diluting the cells in fresh medium, growing them at 37°C, and performing a new cold shock experiment) revealed the same growth pattern as seen before with a cold-sensitive phenotype (data not shown). Therefore the occurrence of spontaneous mutation as a putative reason for this phenomenon is not likely. As the decrease in OD and viable cell number after 18 h of cold shock indicate, a large number of cells might lyse, delivering a reasonable amount of free isoleucine and threonine into the medium that is beneficial for viable cells to adapt and restart slow growth. This scenario was corroborated by a fatty acid analysis, where these cell cultures revealed a fatty ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cardiovascular responses to the cold pressor test in exercise-trained and untrained men. AU - Rogers, P. J.. AU - Bove, A. A.. AU - Squires, R. W.. AU - Bailey, Kent R. PY - 1988. Y1 - 1988. N2 - The effect of exercise training on circulatory responses to cold stress is not well established. To determine these responses, the authors measured mean systemic blood pressure (by sphygmomanometry), forearm blood flow (by plethysmography), and calculated forearm vascular resistance changes induced by a cold pressor test in 15 sedentary men (S), in 10 men engaged in low-level exercise training (Lx), in seven male marathon runners (Hx), and in seven male postcoronary artery bypass patients engaged in a cardiac rehabilitation exercise program (Cx). Resting blood pressure was normal and not different among the groups. The blood pressure elevation in response to cold pressor was attenuated in cardiac rehabilitation patients and in exercise-trained individuals (S: 16 ± 2 mmHg; Lx: 11 ± 2 ...
Most of the mortality burden from cold weather starts at relatively moderate outdoor average temperatures, around 4oC to 8oC, and increases as temperatures fall, but this relationship is complex 4. Deaths due to cold temperatures are not commonly due to hypothermia, but rather due to respiratory and cardiovascular causes.. In 2015 to 2016 there were 41% more deaths during the winter months from respiratory diseases when compared with the non-winter months 6. Of these, chest infections (bacterial and viral including influenza) accounted for the largest proportion of deaths.. Countries which typically have mild winters, such as Spain and Portugal, have much higher excess winter mortality when compared with countries with low winter temperatures 7. This may be partly due to these populations being less prepared for cold weather (fewer precautions and poorer home insulation) 8. In comparison with other European countries, England has higher than average excess winter mortality.. Fuel poverty is the ...
Important roles of drought- and cold-inducible genes for galactinol synthase in stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. -...
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New paper reveals that the widely used beige-adipocyte marker, CD137, negatively regulates "browning" of white adipose tissue...
In this new paper, we report that CD137, a cell surface protein used in several studies as a marker for beige adipocytes, is detectable at the protein in beige adipocytes in vivo or in vitro, and its expression is not upregulated by adrenergic stimulation or cold exposure, as expected for a beige cell marker. Moreover, CD1377 knock-out mice showed elevated levels of thermogenic markers, including UCP1, increased numbers of beige adipocyte precursors, and expanded UCP1-expressing cell clusters in inguinal WAT after chronic cold exposure. CD137 knock-out mice also showed enhanced cold resistance. These results indicate that CD137 functions as a negative regulator of "browning" in white adipose tissue, and call into question the use of this protein as a functional marker for beige adipocytes.. The paper has just been published in The Journal of Biological Chemistry.. ...
Dangers of Cold Water Swimming -Cold Shock Response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold, in this case humans and cold water.
Sharp chest pain below ribs, worsens on deep breathing. Had severe cold and flu in the past. Cause? - Doctor's insight on...
Question - Sharp chest pain below ribs, worsens on deep breathing. Had severe cold and flu in the past. Cause?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Right chest pain, Ask a Cardiologist
Alka-Seltzer Plus Severe Sinus Congestion, Allergy & Cough Liquid Gels and Mucinex Fast-Max Day Time Severe Cold Drug...
A Moderate Drug Interaction exists between Alka-Seltzer Plus Severe Sinus Congestion, Allergy & Cough Liquid Gels and Mucinex Fast-Max Day Time Severe Cold. View detailed information regarding this drug interaction.
Baby had broncholitis. Severe cold, cough, blocked nose. Chest X-ray done. Taken Augmentin, nebulization, nasal drops....
Question - Baby had broncholitis. Severe cold, cough, blocked nose. Chest X-ray done. Taken Augmentin, nebulization, nasal drops. Treatment?. Ask a Doctor about when and why X ray is advised, Ask a Pediatrician
Suphedrine Severe Cold Max Str Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - WebMD
Find patient medical information for Suphedrine Severe Cold Max Str Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.
Working in cold environments can be not only hazardous to your health but also life threatening. It is critical that the body be able to preserve core body temperature steady at + 37°C (+ 98.6°F). This thermal balance must be maintained to preserve normal body functioning as well as provide energy for activity (or work!). The bodys mechanisms for generating heat (its metabolism) has to meet the challenge presented by low temperature, wind and wetness - the three major challenges of cold environments.
Associate Professor Adrian Barnett, from QUTs School of Public Health and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation said the research team also found that cold temperatures were associated with a higher daily death rate - temperatures below 11 degrees caused the loss of 31 years of life per day.. Professor Barnett and his research team collected data on daily temperatures in Brisbane between 1996 and 2004 and compared them to documented cardiovascular-related deaths for the same period.. "We used the first percentile of temperature at 12 degrees to represent a cold day and the 99th percentile at 29 degrees to represent a hot day.. "We found the greatest effect of heat occurred on the first day of exposure then decreased rapidly whereas cold effects lasted longer, peaked two days after exposure and then declined slightly with a delayed effect even after 10 days.. "Understanding the lag time between temperature exposure and years of life lost is important for health care providers to develop ...
Ambient particulate matters and temperature were reported to have additive effects over the respiratory disease hospital admissions and deaths. The purpose of this study is to discuss the interactive pulmonary toxicities of cold stress and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure by estimating inflammation and oxidative stress responses. 48 Wistar male rats, matched by weight and age, were randomly assigned to six groups, which were treated with cold stress alone (0 degrees C, 10 degrees C, and 20 degrees C (Normal control)) and cold stresses plus PM2.5 exposures respectively. Cold stress alone groups were intratracheal instillation of 0.25 mL normal saline, while cold stress plus PM2.5 exposure groups were intratracheal instillation of 8 mg/0.25 mL PM2.5. These procedures were carried out for three times with an interval of 48 hours for each treatment. All rats were sacrificed after 48 hours of the third treatment. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for analyzing inflammatory ...
Each season and sport brings its own set of challenges -- from temperature regulation, to adequate nutrition and fluids for peak athletic performance. While major concerns for cold weather exercisers include dressing appropriately to avoid hypothermia and excessive sweating, what you eat and drink before and during exercise can help you perform your best while staying comfortable and safe in extreme temperatures. In fact, proper nutrition helps regulate your core temperature and provide fuel for working muscles.. When exercising in cold temperatures, your metabolism increases slightly to warm the body and keep your internal temperature in the normal range. A slight drop in body temperature stimulates appetite. While this appetite stimulation is typically not enough to substantially increase hunger, you may want to have an extra snack for cold days when practices or games are scheduled outdoors.. Contrary to what you may think, the biggest nutritional challenge for cold weather athletes is ample ...
... is a recombinant endonuclease originally derived from a psychrophile, Shewanella sp., and purified from E. coli. This endonuclease enzyme can complete digestion of all types of DNA and RNA (single-stranded, double-stranded, linear or circularized) at cold temperatures and even in samples placed on ice. As a result, Cryonase Cold-Active Nuclease is frequently used during DNA digestion of mixed samples, such as those that include heat-labile proteins.. ...
Ecology can be defined as the science of the relationships between living organisms and their physical and biotic environment. The temperature of the environment is one of the major factors which has...
When working in cold temperatures, the best defense is common sense. Knowing what to wear, what to eat and drink and what to do if an employee is suffering from a cold-related illness can save lives.
Working in cold temperatures? Your rights, the law and how to claim compensation if you've been mistreated - Mirror Online
The law says your employer must protect you from cold weather exposure. If they fail, and youre injured in an accident, support is available
Temperatures in this range help facilitate the decrease in core body temperature that in turn initiates sleepiness. A growing number of studies are finding that temperature regulation plays a role in many cases of chronic insomnia. Read more ...
The adaptation of endothelial cells to cold induced significant changes in the abundance of cytoskeletal proteins that implicate diminished microtubular and actin networks, an expanded intermediate filament network and modified cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. The actin cytoskeleton underlies the plasma membrane to provide support, resist tension and maintain cell shape. However, it is a highly dynamic structure that responds to environmental stimuli and rapidly reorganizes to change cell shape, form membrane protrusions, (such as lamellipodia and filopodia for cellular locomotion), or form stress fibers (bundles of radially oriented actin-filaments cross-linked with myosin motor proteins) for retracting the plasma membrane. The proteomic findings suggest that there is a significant reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton in response to the reduced temperature. Decreases in actin nucleation and cross-linking proteins (ARPC3  and FLNA ), increases in actin filament ...
Climate change is a concern in many regions of the world where extreme hot and cold temperatures may affect people with cardiovascular diseases and increase the incidence of coronary events. The impact may be greater in areas with inequalities in the access to medical services.1. In the linked study (doi:10.1136/bmj.c3823), Bhaskaran and colleagues assessed the effect of temperature on the risk of myocardial infarction and other acute coronary syndromes2; they performed a time series analysis across 15 conurbations in England and Wales using clinically confirmed hospital admissions data. They found that each 1°C reduction in daily mean temperature was associated with a 2.0% (95% CI 1.1% to 2.9%) cumulative increase in the risk of myocardial infarction for 28 days; the highest risk was within two weeks of exposure. They found no association at higher temperatures.. The results for cold temperatures are consistent with several other studies,3 although others have found that myocardial infarction ...
What factors modify our response to cold? What is the wind chill temperature? What are some health concerns of working in cold temperatures?
Animals. The FOK strain used was FOK/Ncu of 33-35 generations, raised in Nagoya City University Medical School. In every generation except with the last three, the animals received a heat tolerance test. WKAH and WSTR were purchased from SLC (Hamamatsu, Tokyo, Japan). Experiments were done on male rats 13-14 wk of age to see the strain difference in cold tolerance of the above groups. These rats were kept in groups of five in metal cages at 25 ± 1°C under artificial lighting from 700 to 1900 for 5-6 wk before experiments. They were allowed free access to standard laboratory chow (Oriental MF; Oriental Yeast, Tokyo, Japan) and tap water.. Evaluation of cold tolerance. Cold tolerance of the rats was evaluated from the fall of colonic temperature (Tcol) under acute cold exposure. Overnight-fasted rats were sheared of hair, and Tcol was measured by a thermistor thermometer (Takara Kogyo, Tokyo, Japan) inserted 5 cm into the anus during exposure to 0°C for 3 h.. In vivo NST activity. The capacity ...
If the situation continues for a few years (e.g., say 5 years), he/she will get lump, cysts, fibroid, prostate enlargement, hypothyroidism, drastic reduction in sex potentials, even dysfunction of sex organs, sterility i.e., inability to reproduce - the sperm size can become BIGGER and the COUNT reduces in men, and there could be BLOCKAGES in the Fallopian tube or the ovaries can become polycystic, or the uterus can develop cyst, and the like. Kidney stones too could form in men and women. ...
While some individuals believe that one way to utilize brown fat is to develop a "cold sauna" that individuals can simply sit in, wouldnt it be better to combine brown fat activation with white fat "activation"? There still is limited information on what type of exposure regiment is optimal for brown fat activation. For example is it better to be exposed to high intensity cold at low volume (-50 degrees F for 30 seconds) or low intensity cold at high volume (20 degrees F for 5 minutes)? Note that brown fat activates as long as the temperature is cold enough whether it is acute cold or eventual chronic cold; however, prolonged exposure to certain cold conditions can produce negative results for exposed skin, so determining a differentiated methodology would be advisable. Also gyms or cold saunas would have to set up a stepwise exposure protocol allowing users to move gradually from initial temperatures to final temperatures because a near instant temperature change from say 70 degrees F to 0 ...
8 Critical Cold Sore Stages. By Denny Bodoh. Lets look at the 8 distinct cold sore stages, and what you can do now to lessen the severity, discomfort and length of your cold sore event. Cold sore stages 2-8 are the active stages and are very contagious during this time. Usually 3 to 4 weeks is the average life-span of a cold sore. Much depends on your health and choice of treatments for each of your cold sore stages. COLD SORE STAGES: #1 - LATENT - Here the cold sore herpes simplex virus is hiding in the nerve ganglia near the back of the jaw on the same side as your cold sore usually appears. The cold sore virus may "sleep" for weeks or years without incident. Your bodys defense "soldiers" keep them in check. When there is stress in another part of your body, your defenses may drop at this location. Then the cold sore virus can escape and travel to the surface to reproduce - beginning the active cold sore stages. COLD SORE STAGES: # 2 - PRODROME - The cold sore virus reproductive cycle begins ...
Cold intolerance is a condition which makes you abnormally sensitive to cold temperatures. This may be a feeling thats more severe than the chill that you feel when you are outdoors in a cold day.
David Samadi, MD - Blog | Prostate Health, Prostate Cancer & Generic Health Articles by Dr. David Samadi - SamadiMD.com|BlogPost
Raynauds disease is a condition that causes some areas of your body to feel numb and cool in response to cold temperatures or stress. This is caused by narrowing of the small arteries that supply blood to your skin, limiting blood circulation. When exposed to cold temperature the blood supply is markedly reduced and the skin turns pale or white and becomes cold and numb. When the oxygen supply is depleted, the skin color turns blue, something that is known as cyanosis.
Applications of Cold Temperature Stress to Age Fractionate Caenorhabditis elegans: A Simple Inexpensive Technique - Omicsoft...
Omicsoft is the leading provider of Next Generation Sequencing, Cancer Genomics, Immunology, and Bioinformatics solutions for Next Generation Sequencing Data and Gene Expression Analysis. ...
Most animals migrate to warmer climates once the cold weather begins. Some animals have adapted to life in the taiga by hibernating when temperatures drop. Other animals have adapted to the extreme cold temperatures by producing a layer of insulating feathers or fur to protect them from the cold. In some instances, the adaptation of a seasonal change in color of feathers or fur protects the animal from its predators. The ermine, a small mammal, is a good example of this adaptation. Its dark brown summer coat changes to white in the winter. This adaptation helps the ermine blend into its surroundings and makes it more difficult for the ermines predators to spot them. Back , Next. ...
NEW HAVEN, Conn. - The Harvard (9-8, 2-1 Ivy) bats went quiet in the final game of the three-game series with rival Yale (3-15, 1-2 Ivy) as the Crimson dropped the series finale, 7-0, on a cold Sunday afternoon.. Yale found the holes early and took advantage of a defensive miscue in the bottom of the second to jump out in front, 3-0. It proved to be enough for Bulldog pitcher Miranda Papes, who quelled a potent Crimson offense, the last two games, for seven innings allowing just three hits.. Making her fifth start behind the dish, sophomore backstop Lindey Kneib went two-for-three, including a two-out double to straightaway center field in the top of the second. Senior center fielder Maddy Kaplan extended her hitting streak to nine games, beating out a bunt single in the top of the first. Junior left-hander Kathleen Duncan took the loss, dropping her bac to 6-6 on the season after allowing three runs, only two earned, on three hits in two innings of work. After entering the game with the bases ...
A cold front will move through overnight and bring us cooler weather for Wednesday. Tuesday we had highs near 80, but Wednesday highs will be in the low 60s with some mid 60s. The wind will increase out of the Northwest with Small Craft Advisories likely for Wednesday night. Breezy conditions will continue through Friday. The coldest morning will likely be Friday morning. Lows will be in the upper 20s to low 30s for the Northshore. A freeze Watch is possible.
ABSTRACT: Elastomeric O-rings provide a critical sealing function for the hydraulic system of extended service high altitude unmanned aircraft. These new mission requirements translate into service temperatures as low as -100oF and as high as 275oF, in the presence of red hydraulic fluid. The property of compression set is used as a major consideration for the selection of gaskets and seals. None of the commercial O-ring elastomeric materials can function effectively as a seal over under these conditions. Currently the hydraulic system is heat traced to mitigate the problem. TRI/Austin proposes the development and testing of an innovative polymeric compound which will meet these demanding requirements. Experimental design techniques will be utilized for systematically developing the optimized formulation resulting in a unique, low cost, high strength, chemically resistant O-ring compound that retains its mechanical properties over a wide range of temperatures. The performance properties of the ...
WXII 12 Chief Meteorologist Lanie Pope tells more cold mornings ahead with temps dipping down into the single digits, windy conditions adding to the bitter chill.
Ive also heard people say that using high-quality actual gear oil can make it a little easier to shift in the winter - 80wt (or is it 90wt? I dont remember for sure) gear oil is supposedly the same as 30wt motor oil, but more expensive because it can be synthetic and shit. I use the 30wt ND motor oil they sell at SA for like $1.25 or something, and Ive never had issues, even for the ten seconds when it got really cold last year. But some people *do* swear by actual synthetic gear oil ...
When your hands are exposed to cold temperatures, do your fingers turn white, then blue, then red? If so, you might have Raynauds Phenomenon, a condition that causes the tiny blood vessels of the hands to constrict so much that they block blood flow in the hands and fingers. This is often caused by cold temperatures, although stress can also trigger an episode. Fortunately, most cases can be managed by a hand doctor without the services of a hand surgeon.. But why the different colors?. First, the absence of fresh blood flow makes your fingers appear white. Next, the blue oxygen-deprived blood pools in the fingers, turning them blue. Finally, when the blood vessels open up again, the influx of fresh, red blood makes your fingers red as well. During this process, you might feel numbness, tingling, or clumsiness in your fingers, but usually theres no pain unless the lack of blood flow becomes too prolonged.. Raynauds is more common in areas with colder climates, and it occurs more frequently in ...
Several inches of new snow on the ground combined with clear skies created a beautiful but chilly morning on Thursday. Without cloud-cover to hold in any heat, temperatures dipped well below zero overnight, with more of the same expected and a chance of snow returning for the weekend.
The word about classic beauty Aditi Rao Hydaris playing the young Rekha in Abhishek Kapoors Fitoor created quite a stir in the industry. This comes as a reminder to what they can expect from this multi-talented young actress who has quite an eclectic and promising line up of five films in 2015.. Now, a source from the film sets reminds us yet again of Aditis talent and commitment - as she shot without any complaints in Kashmir at a temperature of minus six.. ...
Michelle Kennedy tells of another seasonable day for Wednesday afternoon, highs in the 50s, but then much colder air overnight Weds. into Thursday and Friday.
Please look at our "Important Files" under the Resources Tab to see some important information about Winter Weather concerns and how you can help protect your h
Indiantown farm works hard to protect crops before the cold temperatures hit the Treasure Coast - wptv.com
The colder weather means more work for farmers. They have to protect their crops or they could lose money. Kai-Kai Farm in Indiantown took extra precautions Wednesday night.
At pawpaw....it will be my husband and I, and our 4 children (ages 5 1/2, 4, 2 1/2, and 11 months). All girls. Lol. My hubby will be toting the baby on front and the 4 yr old (some of the time) in his backpack. I will be toting the 2yr old in my pack and the 5 yr old will be walking. 2 adults, 6 children, yes, we may be insane. Wish us luck! Its been almost 7 yrs since our last back country adventure, and our first one with the girls. Hoping out backs hold out! ...
Braving the waves Tri-State Regatta participants faced rough winds, cold temperatures - schurz-southbendtribune
Reporter Julee R. Laurent sailed aboard the Indentured from Chicago to St. Joseph on one leg of the Tri-State Regatta on Labor Day weekend. -- Editor The sailboat captains stood on the pier at the
With the Dwell vaccine, the virus is 1st tailored to mature at twenty five °C (seventy seven °F) then developed at this temperature until eventually it loses the ability to trigger sickness in individuals, which might call for the virus to develop at our regular entire body temperature of 37 °C (ninety nine °File). Numerous mutations are needed with the virus to expand at cold temperatures, so this process is properly irreversible and after the virus has dropped virulence (turn out to be attenuated), it will never regain the chance to infect people ...
China Finland Mode-25c Cold Winter Radiator House Heating 20kw by -15c Glycol Circle Loop Ground Source Water Heater Geothermal...
Finland Mode-25c Cold Winter Radiator House Heating 20kw by -15c Glycol Circle Loop Ground Source Water Heater Geothermal System picture from Jiangsu Sunchi New Energy Co., Ltd. view photo of Geothermal System, Ground Heat Pumps, Ground Source Heat Pump Prices.Contact China Suppliers for More Products and Price.
Version Found: v6.1 Version Resolved: See (Xilinx Answer 69038) Due to improper write calibration and read valid calibration results, MIG UltraScale QDRII+ designs can see calibration failures or intermittent data errors in hardware. This issue only affects QDRII+ memory interfaces and failures are most commonly seen at cold temperatures and in the 500-550MHz range, but can occur across all temperature and frequency ranges.
The Southeast Asia waterproofing systems market is segmented into preformed membranes, liquid applied membranes, integral systems, and waterproofing chemicals. In 2015, the preformed membranes segment accounted for the largest market share, in terms of value, which is projected to register the second-fastest growth, between 2016 and 2021, owing to its superior waterproofing properties over other waterproofing system/technology.. Modified bitumen is the most extensively used preformed membrane and has the largest market size. It is composed of single ply and built-up roofing. These membranes offer various advantages, including excellent performance at cold temperature and handling characteristics, high fatigue (cycling) resistance, elasticity, and strength.. Liquid applied membranes such as elastomeric, bituminous, and cementitious are commonly used in the building & construction industry for various applications, including roofing, walls, floors, basements, interior & exterior surface ...
Suggest two methods to isolate a collection of cold-sensitive mutants in Salmonella typhimurium -- that is, mutants that grow at 42 C but do not grow at 30 C.. ANSWER: Although conditional mutations may not grow at the nonpermissive temperature, they often survive short exposure to the nonpermissive temperature. With this hint, consider the three basic approaches for isolating mutants: selections, screens, and enrichments. There is no obvious way of selecting for the desired mutants because the desired mutation is unable to grow under the nonpermissive conditions. It would be straightforward to screen for the desired mutants -- for example, (i) you could plate colonies at 30 C, replica plate the colonies to 30 C and 42 C, then look for colonies that grow at 42 C but not at 30 C, or (ii) you could plate the cells at the nonpermissive temperature for a short time then shift the plates to the permissive temperature -- the mutants usually form smaller colonies due to the effect of the temporary ...
December 3, 2010: Many people experience painful, numb cold hands as they go back and forth into wintry weather. Yet for some people cold, swollen, chapped hands may be a sign of blocked or constricted blood vessels.
Throw cold water on definition, having a relatively low temperature; having little or no warmth: cold water; a cold day. See more.
Temporarily relieves these common cold and flu symptoms: cough; nasal congestion; minor aches and pains; sore throat; headache. Temporarily reduces fever....
This combination medication is used to temporarily treat symptoms caused by the common cold, flu, allergies, or other breathing illnesses (such as sin
HPLC Application #14551: Cough and Cold on Luna SCX. Column used: Luna® 5 µm SCX 100 Å, LC Column 150 x 4.6 mm, Ea Part#: 00F-4398-E0
Military and factory work often involves exposure to cold temperatures. With prolonged exposure, individuals report feeling cold and develop pain in their hands, both of which might be alleviated by endogenous heat production via exercise. The purpos
Mitochondrial uncoupling prevents cold-induced oxidative stress: a case study using UCP1 knock-out mice | Journal of...
The relationship between metabolism and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by the mitochondria has been often (wrongly) viewed as straightforward, with increased metabolism leading to higher pro-oxidants generation. Insights on mitochondrial functioning show that oxygen consumption is either principally coupled with energy conversion as ATP or as heat, depending on whether the ATP-synthase or the mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) is driving respiration. However, those two processes might greatly differ in terms of oxidative costs. We used a cold challenge to investigate the oxidative stress consequences of an increased metabolism achieved either by the activation of an uncoupled mechanism (i.e. UCP1 activity) in the brown adipose tissue (BAT) of wild-type mice, or by ATP-dependent muscular shivering thermogenesis in mice deficient for UCP1. Although both mouse strains increased by more than twofold their metabolism when acclimatised for 4 weeks to moderate cold (12°C), only mice ...
Theraflu Sugar-Free Nighttime Severe Cold & Cough Packets Honey Lemon Flavor - 6 EA - Medshopexpress
Theraflu. Good to be back.Temporarily relieves: minor aches and pains, minor sore throat pain, headache, nasal and sinus congestion, runny nose, sneezing,...
Used new algoithm to construct temporal networks of yeasts response to various stresses, including cold shock. For cold shock data, the paper analyzes data from the Gasch, et al. (2000) paper. Supplementary data has cold shock temporal response, but does not show any interactions between transcription factors and targets. (Note: the Gasch et al. paper does not have a true "cold shock" response. They only measure the effect of a temperature downshift from 37°C to 25°C. Cold shock is defined in the range of 10°C to 18°C- Kam D. Dahlquist 16:59, 22 September 2008 (EDT)) ...
Used new algoithm to construct temporal networks of yeasts response to various stresses, including cold shock. For cold shock data, the paper analyzes data from the Gasch, et al. (2000) paper. Supplementary data has cold shock temporal response, but does not show any interactions between transcription factors and targets. (Note: the Gasch et al. paper does not have a true "cold shock" response. They only measure the effect of a temperature downshift from 37°C to 25°C. Cold shock is defined in the range of 10°C to 18°C- Kam D. Dahlquist 16:59, 22 September 2008 (EDT)) ...
Mostly, the cloudy residents are bacteria of various kinds. Samples of clouds taken from a meteorological station at the summit of Puy de Dôme, a mountain in central France with an elevation of more than 1,400 meters (almost 5,000 feet), turned up more than 71 strains of bacteria, as well as a variety of fungi; owing to the way the sampling was done, this is a massive underestimate of whos up there. Of the bacteria detected, many appear to have come from the oceans. More than half have shown themselves capable of growing in cold temperatures, and some are even officially psychrophiles - lovers of cold. Which is to say, they grow when its cold, and not when its a bit warmer - unlike the bacteria on your food, which slow down when you put them in the fridge. One of the bacteria most often detected was Pseudomonas syringae; intriguingly, this critter has the ability to make ice crystals form around it at relatively warm (-2C, or 28.4F) temperatures.. As to their metabolism - the question of ...
Exploiting The Cold Environments: Psychrophilic Bacteria As A Promisingsource Of Novel Bioactive Compounds
Psychrophilic bacteria represent a reservoir of undiscovered biodiversity, because they achieve their ecological success coping with very harsh conditions and ...
A new study says that exposure to cold temperatures can convert white fat tissue from the thighs and belly to beige fat that burns calories for heat.
Researchers have genetically engineered mice that cannot feel cold temperatures. The findings were published in the Journal of Neuroscience. The article explains how the researchers were able to block and isolate receptors that are connected to the nerves that respond to cold. Interestingly, the researchers
Date: Thu, 25 Jun 92 15:27:34 EDT From: bszymcz%ulysses at relay.nswc.navy.mil (Bill Szymczak) Subject: Chilled Wort and Hop Pests In HBD909 Steve Casagrande writes , From: smc at hotsc.att.com , Subject: Wort Chillers for Extract Brewers? , My current procedure is to boil only about 2 gallons of wort (from , extract/H20), adding hops/grains as necessary, and then dumping this , into the fermenter with 2-3 gallons of cold H20. The temperature drops , from boiling to pitching temperature instantly, and I can pitch right , away. Theres no cold break that I can notice with this method; , I imagine the trub eventually precipitates out into the primary , yeast cake. Steve, I have also been an extract brewer for about one year, but have not had the experience that the temperature drops from boiling to piching instantly. Indeed, even if you mix 2 gallons of boiling wort at 212 degrees F to 3 gallons of ice cold water at 32 degrees F you get 5 gallons in the fermenter having a temperature of T = (2 * ...
KAKEN - Research Projects | Effects of work inside and outside a cold storage on health-The basic study for establishing the...
Principal Investigator：MIYASHITA Kazuhisa, Project Period (FY)：1996 - 1998, Research Category：Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), Section：一般, Research Field：Public health/Health science
The tests also showed that this material reacted differently to various heat and cold treatments. The time period to which they exposed the stuff to hot or cold temperatures also produced different results. The turning point was at 70 seconds heat treatment. When Hudson stopped the process at 69 seconds the powder contained no precious elements, yet at 70 seconds or over it did. Hudson then went to a specialist at the University of Iowa. They conducted several experiments and once again produced the most amazing results. The material expressions of the stuff magically changed depending on the degree of warming or cooling they subjected it to. Among these forms were a white powder but also glass. Elements such as iron spontaneously disappeared or morphed into other elements. The material also changed weight, particularly when exposed to air. Hudson was advised to patent these elements to prevent others from using his findings and keep him from experimenting further. In March of 1988 Hudson ...
ATLANTA, Jan. 18, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- As winter temperatures begin to drop, Georgia Power encourages customers to keep safety in mind and offers safety tips...
86 °C Ultra Low Temperature Freezer 80 Liters - Zhejiang Jiesheng Low-Temp Equipment Co., Ltd. - ecplaza.net
-86 °C Ultra low temperature freezer Applications: The freezer is designed for long term storage of biological specimens and samples at ultra low temperature and used for low temperature test and cold treatment for special materials, electronic...
My heater is running, but its blowing out cold air. Cold air coming from the heater is an issue that should be solved quickly. However, its one that can be resolved without a service call, if its a minor issue. A question like this is seldom asked, considering how warm Los Angeles can be. But when it…
When a cold or flu throws you off your game, its only natural to want to quickly get back to your best. Whether youre looking for daytime or nighttime formulas, there are a wide variety of options that can help relieve your cough, cold or flu symptoms. Choose from several cold, cough & flu products: TYLENOL® Complete. Physician reviewed Tylenol Cold & Flu Severe patient information - includes Tylenol Cold & Flu Severe description, dosage and directions.Side Effects · Drug Interactions · ¿Cuáles son los efectos.. Xalatan enjoyed a 4-year ingredient tylenol cold and flu as a novel weight to treating glaucoma. 2a, top and bottom, with all six patent members achieving peak sales in. We dime our peak US sales estimate for Rescula to 90m (high 65m) and increase our valuation of Pregnancy analogues Xalatan (now association), Lumigan, Travatan are once-daily eye floaters used most prescribed ingredient tylenol cold and flu. We note that peak sales could be mild higher (up to m). ...
Université de Liège - ULg , Services généraux (Faculté des sciences) , Relations académiques et scientifiques (Sciences) ,] ...
if you compare plant at ambiant temperature to plant at 10 degrees, plant at 10 degrees are going to be smaller because of stress caused by cold whitch involve regulation of growing, regulation of genetic program to be able to survive to cold temperature. exemples of this regulation are to permit synthesis of proteins and sugar who are cryoprotectant (chaperonin, ....), to change the membrane fluidity ...
Boiling water does evaporate at cold temperatures. At the boiling point (212 degrees F), water will evaporate at a much faster rate because it loses heat energy quicker than cold energy. As the boiling water begins to cool, the process of evaporation is still present, but at a slower rate.Source:U.S. Geological Survey: The Water Cycle - EvaporationUSAToday: Molecular Motion Determines Water's StateCool Physics Phenomena: Hot Water Freezes Faster Than Cold
Proliferative quiescence of normal mast cells resembles that of cold-sensitive mutant mastocytoma cells. Dominant expression of...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Proliferative quiescence of normal mast cells resembles that of cold-sensitive mutant mastocytoma cells. Dominant expression of the quiescent state in heterokaryons. AU - Laeng, H.. AU - Harris, David T.. AU - Schindler, R.. PY - 1985. Y1 - 1985. N2 - Normal murine peritoneal mast cells were fused to serum-deprived, non-proliferating cells of a cultured subline (41-SB-4) of the P-815 murine mastocytoma. Upon reincubation in medium containing 10% horse serum for 48 h, mono- and binuclear 41-SB-4 cells reentered S phase of the cell cycle, while mast cell × 41-SB-4 heterokaryons as well as mono- and binuclear mast cells remained in proliferative quiescence, indicating dominant expression of the quiescent state of mast cells. The quiescent state of normal mast cells thus resembles that of cold-sensitive (cs) mutant cells (21-F) of the undifferentiated P-815 mastocytoma: at the non-permissive temperature of 33 °C, the 21-F cells were found to enter a state of quiescence which is ...
Characterization of cold sensitivity and thermal preference using an operant orofacial assay | Molecular Pain | Full Text
A hallmark of many orofacial pain disorders is cold sensitivity, but relative to heat-related pain, mechanisms of cold perception and the development of cold allodynia are not clearly understood. Molecular mediators of cold sensation such as TRPM8 have been recently identified and characterized using in vitro studies. In this study we characterized operant behavior with respect to individually presented cold stimuli (24, 10, 2, and -4°C) and in a thermal preference task where rats chose between -4 and 48°C stimulation. We also evaluated the effects of menthol, a TRPM8 agonist, on operant responses to cold stimulation (24, 10, and -4°C). Male and female rats were trained to drink sweetened milk while pressing their shaved faces against a thermode. This presents a conflict paradigm between milk reward and thermal stimulation. We demonstrated that the cold stimulus response function was modest compared to heat. There was a significant effect of temperature on facial (stimulus) contacts, the ratio of
Alterations in nonshivering thermogenesis are presently discussed as being both potentially causative of and able to counteract obesity. However, the necessity for mammals to defend their body temperature means that the ambient temperature profoundly affects the outcome and interpretation of metabolic experiments. An adequate understanding and assessment of nonshivering thermogenesis is therefore paramount for metabolic studies. Classical nonshivering thermogenesis is facultative, i.e. it is only activated when an animal acutely requires extra heat (switched on in minutes), and adaptive, i.e. it takes weeks for an increase in capacity to develop. Nonshivering thermogenesis is fully due to brown adipose tissue activity; adaptation corresponds to the recruitment of this tissue. Diet-induced thermogenesis is probably also facultative and adaptive and due to brown adipose tissue activity. Although all mammals respond to injected/infused norepinephrine (noradrenaline) with an increase in metabolism, ...
Looking for online definition of Non-shivering thermogenesis in the Medical Dictionary? Non-shivering thermogenesis explanation free. What is Non-shivering thermogenesis? Meaning of Non-shivering thermogenesis medical term. What does Non-shivering thermogenesis mean?
De novo Transcriptome Sequencing of Cold-treated Kentucky Bluegrass (Poa pratensis) and Analysis of the Genes Involved in Cold...
De novo Transcriptome Sequencing of Cold-treated Kentucky Bluegrass (Poa pratensis) and Analysis of the Genes Involved in Cold Tolerance Abstract.
The evolution of weed biotypes resistant to multiple herbicide modes of action, here termed multiple herbicide resistance, is a growing problem around the world. We investigated two multiple herbicide resistant (MHR) wild oat (Avena fatua L.) populations from Montana and hypothesized that they would exhibit fitness costs compared with two herbicide-susceptible (HS) populations. Dose-response tests showed that the MHR populations were resistant to difenzoquat (a membrane disruptor), imazamethabenz (an acetolactate synthase [ALS] inhibitor), flucarbazone (an ALS inhibitor), and tralkoxydim (an acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibitor). In greenhouse studies, we assessed differences between MHR and HS populations in seed germination, photosynthetic parameters, plant growth, and reproduction. Seeds of one HS population germinated more at cold temperature (4.9°C) and less at high temperature (29.6°C) compared with the other populations. Plants of this HS population also had lower stomatal conductance ...
Plants | Free Full-Text | Differential Mechanisms of Photosynthetic Acclimation to Light and Low Temperature in Arabidopsis and...
Photosynthetic organisms are able to sense energy imbalances brought about by the overexcitation of photosystem II (PSII) through the redox state of the photosynthetic electron transport chain, estimated as the chlorophyll fluorescence parameter 1-qL, also known as PSII excitation pressure. Plants employ a wide array of photoprotective processes that modulate photosynthesis to correct these energy imbalances. Low temperature and light are well established in their ability to modulate PSII excitation pressure. The acquisition of freezing tolerance requires growth and development a low temperature (cold acclimation) which predisposes the plant to photoinhibition. Thus, photosynthetic acclimation is essential for proper energy balancing during the cold acclimation process. Eutrema salsugineum (Thellungiella salsuginea) is an extremophile, a close relative of Arabidopsis thaliana, but possessing much higher constitutive levels of tolerance to abiotic stress. This comparative study aimed to characterize the
"Air Temperature Affects Biomass and Carotenoid Pigment Accumulation in" by Dean A. Kopsell, Mark G. Lefsrud et al.
Crop plants are adversely affected by a variety of environmental factors, with air temperature being one of the most influential. Plants have developed a number of methods in the adaptation to air temperature variations. However, there is limited research to determine what impact air temperature has on the production of secondary plant compounds, such as carotenoid pigments. Kale (Brassica oleracea L.) and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) have high concentrations of lutein and ß-carotene carotenoids. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of different growing air temperatures on plant biomass production and the accumulation of elemental nutrients, lutein, ß-carotene, and chlorophyll pigments in the leaves of kale and spinach. Plants were grown in nutrient solutions in growth chambers at air temperatures of 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C for `Winterbor kale and 10, 15, 20, and 25 °C for `Melody spinach. Maximum tissue lutein and ß-carotene concentration occurred at 30 °C for kale and 10
Tom Kollenborn Chronicles: April 2013
Reptiles, meaning most cold-blooded animals, become very active when temperatures soar into the nineties. When it warms up in ... All cold-blooded animals are at the mercy of their environment. Air and ground temperatures dramatically affect the environment ... The effective temperature is the temperature at which the snake moves about and hunts for prey. Direct exposure to heat or ... The functioning temperature for a rattlesnake is 72 to 78 degrees and its effective temperature is 82 to 96 degrees. ...http://superstitionmountaintomkollenborn.blogspot.com/2013/04/
Cold Temperature Exposure
Its easy to get cold quickly if you are outside in wet, windy, or cold weather. Cold temperature exposure can also happen if ... How long were you exposed to cold temperatures?. *Have you had cold injuries before? Do you have any continuing problems ... Being exposed to cold temperatures in your workplace, such as working in cold-storage units ... Teach children to avoid touching cold metal with bare hands or licking extremely cold metal objects. Cold is transmitted more ...http://www.upmc.com/health-library/Pages/HealthwiseIndex.aspx?qid=colde
Cold Temperature Restricted Airports - AOPA
AOPA has been an advocate for a procedure to be in place that will allow pilots to correct for unusually cold temperatures when ... Cold Temperature Restricted AirportsCold Temperature Restricted Airports The Issue. In the 1990s, the FAA began researching the ... Below is a presentation that will explain more about the safety implications of cold temperatures on altimeters, how the Cold ... How does the procedure account for temperature inversions, such as when the surface temperature is much colder than at altitude ...https://www.aopa.org/advocacy/advocacy-briefs/air-traffic-services-brief-cold-temperature-restricted-airports
Cold Temperature Travel Mugs | Society6
Shop cold temperature travel mugs featuring designs from independent artists. Made with stainless steel. Worldwide shipping ...https://society6.com/travel-mugs/cold-temperature
Hypothermia and Cold Temperature Exposure
A rectal temperature is considered the most accurate body temperature. A normal rectal body temperature ranges from 97.5°F ( ... Hypothermia and Cold Temperature Exposure. Skip to the navigation Topic Overview. What is hypothermia?. Hypothermia occurs when ... Your body temperature can drop to a low level at temperatures of 50°F (10°C) or higher in wet and windy weather, or if you are ... Sometimes a normal, healthy adult has a low body temperature, such as 96°F (36°C). If the person with the low body temperature ...http://www.upmc.com/health-library/Pages/HealthwiseIndex.aspx?qid=aa53968spec
Cold Temperature Canvas Lunch Bags - CafePress
Shop 1000s of Cold Temperature Canvas Lunch Bags to fit yours or your kids personality. Customize your own insulated lunch bags ...https://www.cafepress.com/+cold-temperature+lunch-bag
Magnolia Trees & Cold Temperature | Garden Guides
Cold Damage. Magnolias suffer cold damage when winter temperatures fluctuate or unexpected frost or snow arrive late in the ... Cold-Damaged Magnolia Care. Its best to wait until spring to assess any freeze or frost damage on a magnolia. Remove any ... Buds tend to be damaged most severely, cold snaps can result in the death of all magnolia buds for that season. If foliage ... Vegetative buds can also suffer frostbite from cold exposure but they are significantly more resistant than flower buds. ...https://www.gardenguides.com/12610834-magnolia-trees-cold-temperature.html
Cold Temperatures | DailyStrength
Some of the literature lists sensitivity to cold as one of the effects of... ... How cold are we talking? I\ve lived in northern Iowa for quite a while and remember times when we were officially colder than ... What my doc told me is that the sensativity to cold means that i will get colder faster at a higher temp than others and that i ... My feet and hands get cold very easy, and once they are cold, there is nothing that is going to warm them up. Nothing like a -7 ...https://www.dailystrength.org/group/hypothyroidism/discussion/cold-temperatures
Does cold temperature kill lice? | Zocdoc Answers
I thought maybe I could freeze them with one of those cold-sprays. Is this possible, or should I just by the whole shampoo and ... There is no data for cold-sprays. High volume heated blow dry to the scalp for 30 minutes has been reported but not well- ...https://www.zocdoc.com/answers/3048/does-cold-temperature-kill-lice
Cold Temperature Posters & Prints | Zazzle.co.uk
Discover our spectacular designs and choose your favourite Cold Temperature posters, prints and framed art. ... Search for Cold Temperature posters and prints available at Zazzle.co.uk. ...https://www.zazzle.co.uk/cold+temperature+posters
Videocast: Cold temperatures continue
Hearst Television participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on purchases made through our links to retailer sites.. ...https://www.wyff4.com/article/videocast-cold-temperatures-continue/9123594
Colder Temperatures can Aggravate Dry Eye Syndrome
Dropping temperatures can lead to dry eyes, as insufficient tears cause pain and irritation. The eyes depend on ... Dropping temperatures can lead to dry eyes, as insufficient tears cause pain and irritation. The eyes depend on tears to ... For those who suffer from dry eye syndrome, the colder weather, dry air, and wind can make their condition even worse. Los ... Studies have shown that colder weather causes the oily substance in tears to become too thick to spread on the eyes surface." ...http://www.prweb.com/releases/los-angeles-eye-doctor/dry-eyes-treatment/prweb10033200.htm
Can Mango Trees Handle Cold Temperatures? | eHow
Minimum Temperature. Mature mango trees can withstand air temperatures to as low as 25 degrees Fahrenheit for only a few hours ... Tender flowers and small fruits may be damaged or die and drop off when exposed to a temperature of 40 F for even a few hours. ... When faced with an imminent cold spell, young trees can also be covered with a blanket, the corners pulled outward and anchored ... It thrives only in tropical locales and will not survive exposure to cold conditions. In the United States, the tree is ...https://www.ehow.com/info_8172136_can-trees-handle-cold-temperatures.html
Cold Temperature Toys and Games | Zazzle.co.uk
Shop for great Cold Temperature toys & games from Zazzle. Get poker chips, playing cards, ping pong paddles, dart boards & more ... A glass of cold beer on a table with a view of a jigsaw puzzle ... In the cold season, the Murray valley is often Jigsaw Puzzle £ ...https://www.zazzle.co.uk/cold+temperature+toy+gifts
Coldest Temperature Ever Created - Universe Today
This new temperature is six times lower than the previous record and marks the first time a gas was cooled below one nanokelvin ... At such low temperatures, atoms cannot be kept in physical containers, because they would stick to the walls. Also, no known ... "Ultra-low temperature gases could lead to vast improvements in precision measurements by allowing better atomic clocks and ... At absolute zero temperature (-273 degrees Celsius), all molecular motion would stop completely since the cooling process has ...https://www.universetoday.com/8861/coldest-temperature-ever-created/
Cold temperatures ahead for weekend
... its slightly ironic that some of the coldest temperatures seen this season will potentially occur this weekend. ... freezing temperatures or colder can be expected; otherwise, temperatures will be in the mid-30s to low 40s. Given the time ... freezing temperatures or colder can be expected; otherwise, temperatures will be in the mid-30s to low 40s. Given the time ... temperatures Sunday morning may not be quite as cold -- but still cold enough for the beginning of meteorological spring.Click ...https://www.wdsu.com/article/cold-temperatures-ahead-for-weekend/3361345
Scotch® Cold Temperature Box Sealing Tape 3721 | 3M United States
Our design offers a strong backing and aggressive adhesive specially engineered to provide secure and durable closures in cold ... Cold Temperature Box Sealing Tape 3721 is an industrial cold temperature packaging tape engineered with a polypropylene film ... Specially Designed to Combat the Cold Specially designed for cold temperature applications, Scotch® Cold Temperature Box ... Cold Temperature Box Sealing Tape 3721 is a great solution for those cold temperature applications. As an industrial cold ...https://www.3m.com/3M/en_US/company-us/all-3m-products/~/Scotch-Cold-Temperature-Box-Sealing-Tape-3721/?N=5002385+3293242207&preselect=8710676+8710815+8710970+8713630&rt=rud
FAA simplifies altitude corrections for cold temperature airports - AOPA
FAA simplifies altitude corrections for cold temperature airportsFAA simplifies altitude corrections for cold temperature ... The list of cold temperature restricted airports for this winter is published in the graphic notices section of the October ... The prior method, in use since the first list of cold temperature restricted airports was published in 2014, is referred to as ... Cold temperature restricted airports like Colorados Aspen Airport, shown here under IFR conditions, have altitude corrections ...https://www.aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2016/october/05/faa-simplifies-altitude-corrections-for-cold-temperature-airports
Ski Driver Stock Photo & More Pictures of Cold Temperature | iStock
And search more of iStocks library of royalty-free stock images that features Cold Temperature photos available for quick and ...https://www.istockphoto.com/ie/photo/ski-driver-gm97916190-10652943
Apple update to fix iPhone X cold temperature problem - UPI.com
... its working on a software update to fix user complaints that the new iPhone X screen becomes unresponsive when temperatures ... Apple recommends people use iPhones and iPads between temperatures of 32 degrees and 95 degrees. Colder temperatures could ... Some users said their phones became unresponsive or inaccurate in colder temperatures and in some cases they had to lock and ... Apple update to fix iPhone X cold temperature problem. By Danielle Haynes ...https://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2017/11/10/Apple-update-to-fix-iPhone-X-cold-temperature-problem/2201510341928/?utm_source=sec&utm_campaign=sl&utm_medium=8
Apple update to fix iPhone X cold temperature problem - UPI.com
... its working on a software update to fix user complaints that the new iPhone X screen becomes unresponsive when temperatures ... Apple recommends people use iPhones and iPads between temperatures of 32 degrees and 95 degrees. Colder temperatures could ... Some users said their phones became unresponsive or inaccurate in colder temperatures and in some cases they had to lock and ... are aware of instances where the iPhone X screen will become temporarily unresponsive to touch after a rapid change to a cold ...https://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2017/11/10/Apple-update-to-fix-iPhone-X-cold-temperature-problem/2201510341928/?utm_source=fp&utm_campaign=lh&utm_medium=9
Cold temperature changes before weekend
... but then much colder air overnight Weds. into Thursday and Friday. ... TEMPERATURES TO THE EAST SHOULD HANG OUT IN THE UPPER 30S AND LOW 40S, NOT BAD. WE ARE NOT GOING TO BE IN THE 30S FOR AN ... HOUR-BY-HOUR, TEMPERATURES ARE GOING TO DIP INTO THE 40S. DOWN INTO THE 30S OVERNIGHT. MANY SPOTS WILL BEGIN TO SEE SOME ... YOU WILL SEE COLD AIR ROLE AND WAS NO CHANCES TO THE NORTH, BUT THE WINTRY MIX COULD BE HEADED OUR WAY. ...http://www.wxii12.com/article/cold-temperature-changes-before-weekend/8497292
At world's first cold temperature gym, you still feel the burn
At worlds first cold temperature gym, you still feel the burn. Classes are taught in studios cooled down to as low as 45 ... In colder (but not too cold) spaces, "All your body has to worry about is performing because its not working hard to dump heat ... Cold, hard facts?. Martin and Adamic say cold weather gets a bad rap-thats its misunderstood. Most people, for example, ... Cold is the impetus for Brrrn, but the concept is undeniably more primal for the duo: "This is a 45-minute experience-a time to ...https://www.fastcompany.com/90213807/at-the-worlds-first-cold-temperature-gym-you-still-fel-the-burn
Cold-temperature variability important in evaluating climate change | EurekAlert! Science News
... highlights the importance of considering cold temperature variability, and not just warming temperatures, when evaluating the ... "In some cases, exposure to cold temperatures was harmful. For instance: exposure to cold temperatures during the egg phase made ... including harmful cold-temperature regimes. It is important to note that while these cold temperatures may not always be deadly ... These findings reveal the importance of considering cold-temperature variability, and not just warming temperatures, when ...https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-02/bu-cvi021919.php
IFAS SYSTEM DEMONSTRATION OF COLD TEMPERATURE NITROGEN REMOVAL: Ingenta Connect
The influent wastewater temperatures during most of the testing ranged from 9 °C to 12 °C. The pilot facility demonstrated that ...http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/wef/wefproc/2002/00002002/00000017/art00017
Subzero temperaturesExposureOvernightDangerouslyAltitudeAltimeterCoolerBreezyWindsClimateRoutinelyAirportsOccurCorrectionFrostbiteFeelHypothermiaInstrument approachesPilotsResearchersAdultConditionsDropsDeadlySnowySnowContinueRangesLowerFoundDropPaleLeadWeekendSeasonRefersRecommendsFasterRecord-lowBodyFreezeContainersExtremely
- Cold temperature exposure can also happen if you spend time in a dwelling or other building that is not well heated during cold weather. (upmc.com)
- Eye pain or vision changes caused by cold exposure most often occur in individuals who try to force their eyes open in high winds, cold weather, or during activities such as snowmobiling or cross-country skiing. (upmc.com)
- There are many factors that increase your risk of injury from exposure to cold temperatures. (upmc.com)
- For information about when to seek medical care, see the topic Cold Temperature Exposure . (upmc.com)
- Vegetative buds can also suffer frostbite from cold exposure but they are significantly more resistant than flower buds. (gardenguides.com)
- It thrives only in tropical locales and will not survive exposure to cold conditions. (ehow.com)
- By placing wood frog embryos in various cold temperature regimes, researchers looked specifically at the consequences of exposure to these lower temperatures. (eurekalert.org)
- We initially predicted that exposure to cold temperatures would be stressful to developing embryos. (eurekalert.org)
- Research has suggested that cool temperatures could bring a range of health benefits, and that we shouldn't always shun exposure to cold. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- One study experimented with "cooling caps" - that is, headwear that keeps the sleeper's head at cooler temperatures - and found that insomniacs benefited from the exposure, which allowed them to enjoy a better night's sleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The main way of " browning " white fat that research has uncovered is through exposure to cooler temperatures. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- One study published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation found that exposure to cold temperatures can activate brown fat metabolism in adult humans. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Then overnight Saturday into Sunday morning, with cold air now in place and relatively clear skies, lows will drop to the mid- to upper 20s north of the lake and along the Mississippi Gulf coast. (wdsu.com)
- Michelle Kennedy tells of another seasonable day for Wednesday afternoon, highs in the 50s, but then much colder air overnight Weds. (wxii12.com)
- A cold front will move through overnight and bring us cooler weather for Wednesday. (wdsu.com)
- Thewind will make it feel colder.Overnight: A coldfront will begin to move throughthe area. (wdsu.com)
- This dangerous situation was caused by the aircraft altimeter being affected by extremely cold temperatures and causing the aircraft's true altitude to be lower than the indicated altitude. (aopa.org)
- How does the procedure account for temperature inversions, such as when the surface temperature is much colder than at altitude? (aopa.org)
- There is no accurate way at this time to provide at-altitude temperatures for each airport, so pilots must rely on the temperature as reported on the surface. (aopa.org)
- Cold temperature restricted airports like Colorado's Aspen Airport, shown here under IFR conditions, have altitude corrections that pilots need to make when flying an approach below certain temperatures. (aopa.org)
- AOPA advocated for changing the method of calculating altitude corrections and updating the charted depictions of cold temperature restricted airports during last spring's Aeronautical Charting Forum, "to improve and simplify the process for general aviation pilots," said Rune Duke, AOPA director of airspace and air traffic. (aopa.org)
- It is important for pilots to be aware of and make the altimeter corrections for the cold temperatures anytime it is required. (aopa.org)
- Pilots could still lose their required obstacle clearance (ROC) near the surface as the cold temperatures will impact their altimeter as they descend. (aopa.org)
- The FAA has published an updated list of cold temperature restricted airports -the airports at which altimeter error in extremely cold weather may require pilots to add a correction factor to indicated altitudes on specified instrument approaches. (aopa.org)
- We were also surprised because past studies have found that cooler temperatures can increase amphibian susceptibility to another parasite (the fungus, chytrid). (eurekalert.org)
- In this case, the negative effects of the cooler temperatures on amphibians are driven by the fact that the fungus survived better in cooler temperatures. (eurekalert.org)
- Another experiment carried out in pigs, which have a similar physiological makeup to humans, saw that the animals also tended to eat less in higher ambient temperatures, but their appetite increased in cooler environments. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- On the other hand, if skies remain cloudy Saturday night and winds stay a bit elevated, temperatures Sunday morning may not be quite as cold -- but still cold enough for the beginning of meteorological spring. (wdsu.com)
- It's the first death recorded after a ferocious day of wild weather pummelled southern Australia bringing destructive winds and plummeting temperatures. (news.com.au)
- Along with dangerous winds, temperatures have also been sent plummeting in the country's east. (news.com.au)
- BINGHAMTON, NY - New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York, highlights the importance of considering cold temperature variability, and not just warming temperatures, when evaluating the impact of climate change. (eurekalert.org)
- When it comes to climate change, public attention often focuses on the effect of rising average temperatures. (eurekalert.org)
- In contrast, this study focused on the effect of cold and variable temperatures, which are also consequences of climate change. (eurekalert.org)
- These findings reveal the importance of considering cold-temperature variability, and not just warming temperatures, when evaluating the impacts of global climate disruption, said Hua. (eurekalert.org)
- There is a lot of misconception that global climate change only refers to an increase in warming temperatures," Hua said. (eurekalert.org)
- We feel that the research in this paper is important because it highlights that global climate change is more complex than just an increase in average temperature. (eurekalert.org)
- In fact, global climate change is also predicted to increase the prevalence of extreme cold temperature events, as well as increase the amount of variation in temperature fluctuations. (eurekalert.org)
- Due to the rising temperatures from climate change, organisms begin breeding earlier in the spring, which paradoxically leads to an increased risk that these organisms are exposed to heightened fluctuations in temperature during early development, including harmful cold-temperature regimes. (eurekalert.org)
- The FAA's risk-based process identified the coldest temperatures at these airports over the last five years and calculated the probability of a pilot exceeding the required obstacle clearance on a nonstandard day. (aopa.org)
- The list of impacted airports became known as the Cold Temperature Restricted Airport list. (aopa.org)
- It is published on a 28-day cycle and includes permanent notams, graphical notams, and procedures like that published for the Cold Temperature Restricted Airports (CTRA). (aopa.org)
- The list of cold temperature restricted airports for this winter is published in the graphic notices section of the October edition of the Notices to Airmen Publication (NTAP). (aopa.org)
- Affected airports are identified by a "snowflake" icon and applicable temperatures on government approach charts. (aopa.org)
- The prior method, in use since the first list of cold temperature restricted airports was published in 2014, is referred to as the NTAP Segment(s) Method. (aopa.org)
- The revised cold temperature restricted airports list includes several airports not previously listed. (aopa.org)
- Approach charts for those airports will include snowflake icons and temperature information by November, Duke said. (aopa.org)
- Pilots can review frequently asked questions on the calculation methods and other related issues at AOPA's cold temperature restricted airports resource page , and are encouraged to email AOPA to provide feedback on their experience. (aopa.org)
- These injuries occur from spending too much time in cold, but not freezing, temperatures. (upmc.com)
- Snow blindness is not directly caused by cold temperatures but does occur in snow conditions. (upmc.com)
- Hypothermia can occur when you are exposed to cold air, water, wind, or rain. (upmc.com)
- As we move into the beginning of meteorological spring, it's slightly ironic that some of the coldest temperatures seen this season will potentially occur this weekend. (wdsu.com)
- Eventually, several hundred procedures were identified as requiring at least one segment correction for cold temperatures. (aopa.org)
- The temperature correction procedure became mandatory for all pilots in September 2015. (aopa.org)
- Eventually, the FAA plans to publish the cold temperature correction procedures in the Aeronautical Information Manual , and publish the snowflake icon and temperature information on each affected instrument approach chart, eliminating the need to publish the NTAP airport list. (aopa.org)
- When blood vessels are narrowed, less blood flows to these areas, causing the hands and feet to feel cold. (upmc.com)
- Have a medical condition, such as hypothyroidism or Raynaud's phenomenon , that makes you feel or react more strongly to cold temperatures. (upmc.com)
- The Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) warned ACT residents they may see some snow around the area and the wind chill will make it feel even colder than it is. (news.com.au)
- An abnormally low body temperature ( hypothermia ) occurs when the body loses heat faster than it can make heat. (upmc.com)
- Hypothermia occurs when the body gets cold and loses heat faster than the body can make it. (upmc.com)
- If you have mild hypothermia, home treatment may be enough to bring your body temperature back up to normal. (upmc.com)
- Treatment of mild hypothermia includes getting out of the cold or wet environment, using warm blankets, heaters, and hot water bottles. (upmc.com)
- Moderate to severe hypothermia generally is treated in the hospital, where doctors can use special techniques to warm the core body temperature. (upmc.com)
- AOPA has advocated for a procedure to be in place that will allow pilots to correct for unusually cold temperatures when conducting an instrument approach. (aopa.org)
- In case of doubt, "Pilots should consult the NTAP for the current list and use it as the authoritative source for whether to use cold temperature procedures," he added. (aopa.org)
- Researchers from NASA and MIT have cooled sodium gas to the lowest temperature ever recorded - one-half billionth degree above absolute zero. (universetoday.com)
- The researchers used a similar methodology that led to the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2001with the discovery of Bose-Einstein condesates (where the molecules move together in an orderly way at low temperatures). (universetoday.com)
- To reach the record-low temperatures, the researchers invented a novel way of confining atoms, which they call a "gravito-magnetic trap. (universetoday.com)
- The researchers discovered that cold temperatures make amphibians more susceptible to road salt but less susceptible to parasites. (eurekalert.org)
- The errors caused by high and low temperatures in barometric altimeters was well known at this time, but the dangerous implications of cold temperatures and maintaining obstacle clearance, especially when in instrument meteorological conditions, was not fully understood. (aopa.org)
- The research team discovered that amphibians exposed to constant cold conditions as embryos were more susceptible to road salt contamination, but were able to recover as they aged. (eurekalert.org)
- I\'ve always found myself more sensitive to the heat rather than cold. (dailystrength.org)
- The team also found that amphibians exposed to cold temperatures as embryos were generally smaller as they aged, and developed slower, which ultimately made them less prone to parasites because their miniature size made them less attractive. (eurekalert.org)
- Another study , this time exploring the impact of intense aerobic exercise and ambient temperature on caloric intake, found that being active in a cool environment stimulates our sense of hunger. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Often a hiker or skier's body temperature will drop really low before others notice that something is wrong. (upmc.com)
- Tender flowers and small fruits may be damaged or die and drop off when exposed to a temperature of 40 F for even a few hours. (ehow.com)
- Nov. 10 (UPI) -- Apple said Friday it's working on a software update to fix user complaints that the new iPhone X screen becomes unresponsive when temperatures drop. (upi.com)
- Research has revealed that, when we fall asleep, our body temperature begins to drop . (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Dropping temperatures can lead to dry eyes, as insufficient tears cause pain and irritation. (prweb.com)
- Ultra-low temperature gases could lead to vast improvements in precision measurements by allowing better atomic clocks and sensors for gravity and rotation," said Dr. David E. Pritchard, MIT physics professor, pioneer in atom optics, atom interferometry, and co-leader of the team. (universetoday.com)
- Ultimately, the study concluded that variation in cold temperatures can lead to unique consequences on amphibian growth, development and responses to other stressors, such as contaminants and parasites. (eurekalert.org)
- If, on the other hand, you're concerned that your tendency to eat more this season will lead to unwanted weight gain, worry not: the cold can also be used catalyze weight loss. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Millions of Americans across the Northeast were warned by forecasters to prepare this weekend for some of the coldest temperatures in two decades. (msnbc.com)
- The blast of cold air will be riding on the back of a weekend storm expected to impact from Maine to Philadelphia and as far west as the Great Lakes and Ohio. (msnbc.com)
- Buds tend to be damaged most severely, cold snaps can result in the death of all magnolia buds for that season. (gardenguides.com)
- But am I wrong in being so dismissive of this season and the low temperatures it brings? (medicalnewstoday.com)
- In the cold season, our bodies will seek ways to keep warm, which requires dipping into the fat supply for fuel. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- There may be other reasons a person has a low body temperature. (upmc.com)
- For more information, see the topic Body Temperature . (upmc.com)
- A rectal temperature is considered the most accurate body temperature. (upmc.com)
- The trunk of the body is cold to the touch. (upmc.com)
- In colder (but not too cold) spaces, "All your body has to worry about is performing because it's not working hard to dump heat to cool your body. (fastcompany.com)
- The authors of the editorial that was published alongside this study explain that brown fat activity "is regulated from the brain, based on the need for heat for body temperature control. (medicalnewstoday.com)