An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
The sensation of cold, heat, coolness, and warmth as detected by THERMORECEPTORS.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.
Cellular receptors which mediate the sense of temperature. Thermoreceptors in vertebrates are mostly located under the skin. In mammals there are separate types of thermoreceptors for cold and for warmth and NOCICEPTORS which detect cold or heat extreme enough to cause pain.
A subgroup of TRP cation channels named after melastatin protein. They have the TRP domain but lack ANKYRIN repeats. Enzyme domains in the C-terminus leads to them being called chanzymes.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
The sudden sensation of being cold. It may be accompanied by SHIVERING.
Agents, usually topical, that relieve itching (pruritus).
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
A broad group of eukaryotic six-transmembrane cation channels that are classified by sequence homology because their functional involvement with SENSATION is varied. They have only weak voltage sensitivity and ion selectivity. They are named after a DROSOPHILA mutant that displayed transient receptor potentials in response to light. A 25-amino-acid motif containing a TRP box (EWKFAR) just C-terminal to S6 is found in TRPC, TRPV and TRPM subgroups. ANKYRIN repeats are found in TRPC, TRPV & TRPN subgroups. Some are functionally associated with TYROSINE KINASE or TYPE C PHOSPHOLIPASES.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.
The reproductive organs of plants.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)
Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.
Former members of the armed services.
Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and social roles that connote the opposite biological sex. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Mental disorders related to sexual dysfunction, paraphilias, and gender identity disorders.
The mechanical process of cooling.
The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.
Discussions, descriptions or catalogs of public displays or items representative of a given subject.
The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.
Content, management, editing, policies, and printing of dental periodicals such as journals, newsletters, tabloids, and bulletins.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Condition wherein the force of gravity is less than or is decreased below that on the surface of the earth. This is expressed as being between 0 and 1 g.
Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.

Double-strand break repair in yeast requires both leading and lagging strand DNA polymerases. (1/6450)

Mitotic double-strand break (DSB)-induced gene conversion at MAT in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was analyzed molecularly in mutant strains thermosensitive for essential replication factors. The processivity cofactors PCNA and RFC are essential even to synthesize as little as 30 nucleotides following strand invasion. Both PCNA-associated DNA polymerases delta and epsilon are important for gene conversion, though a temperature-sensitive Pol epsilon mutant is more severe than one in Pol delta. Surprisingly, mutants of lagging strand replication, DNA polymerase alpha (pol1-17), DNA primase (pri2-1), and Rad27p (rad27 delta) also greatly inhibit completion of DSB repair, even in G1-arrested cells. We propose a novel model for DSB-induced gene conversion in which a strand invasion creates a modified replication fork, involving leading and lagging strand synthesis from the donor template. Replication is terminated by capture of the second end of the DSB.  (+info)

Gibberellic acid stabilises microtubules in maize suspension cells to cold and stimulates acetylation of alpha-tubulin. (2/6450)

Gibberellic acid is known to stabilise microtubules in plant organs against depolymerisation. We have now devised a simplified cell system for studying this. Pretreatment of a maize cell suspension with gibberellic acid for just 3 h stabilised protoplast microtubules against depolymerisation on ice. In other eukaryotes, acetylation of alpha-tubulin is known to correlate with microtubule stabilisation but this is not established in plants. By isolating the polymeric tubulin fraction from maize cytoskeletons and immunoblotting with the antibody 6-11B-1, we have demonstrated that gibberellic acid stimulates the acetylation of alpha-tubulin. This is the first demonstrated link between microtubule stabilisation and tubulin acetylation in higher plants.  (+info)

Perturbation of mammalian cell division. III. The topography and kinetics of extrusion subdivision. (3/6450)

If mitotic-arrested, cold-stored HeLa cells are incubated at 37 degrees C a proportion of the population divides by an aberrant process which we have called subdivision by extrusion. This process has been studied by time-lapse photography and shown to differ from normal cleavage in several respects. The cell surface becomes more generally mobile and, instead of producing the precisely localized furrowing activity of cytokinesis, gives rise to multiple surface protrusions. These protrusions enlarge at the expense of the parent cell and develop into a cluster of small daughter cells (mini segregants). The surface structure of the cell, as seen by scanning electron microscopy, also changes; the microvilli characteristic of interphase, metaphase and cleaving HeLa cells are lost during extrusion and the cell surface becomes smooth. Extrusion activity is much more variable than division by cleavage in terms of both topography and kinetics, and in general takes longer to complete. Some cells in the cold-treated populations divide by mixtures of cleavage and extrusion or by cleavage alone. The relative numbers of cells dividing in different ways vary with the conditions of pretreatment and incubation of the mitotic cells. The greater the perturbation (e.g. longer cold storage), the greater the proportion of extruding rather than cleaving cells. Human diploid cells can also be induced to subdivide by extrusion. Possible mechanisms underlying the different types of division activity are discussed.  (+info)

Low temperature and pressure stability of picornaviruses: implications for virus uncoating. (4/6450)

The family Picornaviridae includes several viruses of great economic and medical importance. Poliovirus replicates in the human digestive tract, causing disease that may range in severity from a mild infection to a fatal paralysis. The human rhinovirus is the most important etiologic agent of the common cold in adults and children. Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes one of the most economically important diseases in cattle. These viruses have in common a capsid structure composed of 60 copies of four different proteins, VP1 to VP4, and their 3D structures show similar general features. In this study we describe the differences in stability against high pressure and cold denaturation of these viruses. Both poliovirus and rhinovirus are stable to high pressure at room temperature, because pressures up to 2.4 kbar are not enough to promote viral disassembly and inactivation. Within the same pressure range, FMDV particles are dramatically affected by pressure, with a loss of infectivity of more than 4 log units observed. The dissociation of polio and rhino viruses can be observed only under pressure (2.4 kbar) at low temperatures in the presence of subdenaturing concentrations of urea (1-2 M). The pressure and low temperature data reveal clear differences in stability among the three picornaviruses, FMDV being the most sensitive, polio being the most resistant, and rhino having intermediate stability. Whereas rhino and poliovirus differ little in stability (less than 10 kcal/mol at 0 degrees C), the difference in free energy between these two viruses and FMDV was remarkable (more than 200 kcal/mol of particle). These differences are crucial to understanding the different factors that control the assembly and disassembly of the virus particles during their life cycle. The inactivation of these viruses by pressure (combined or not with low temperature) has potential as a method for producing vaccines.  (+info)

CspI, the ninth member of the CspA family of Escherichia coli, is induced upon cold shock. (5/6450)

Escherichia coli contains the CspA family, consisting of nine proteins (CspA to CspI), in which CspA, CspB, and CspG have been shown to be cold shock inducible and CspD has been shown to be stationary-phase inducible. The cspI gene is located at 35.2 min on the E. coli chromosome map, and CspI shows 70, 70, and 79% identity to CspA, CspB, and CspG, respectively. Analyses of cspI-lacZ fusion constructs and the cspI mRNA revealed that cspI is cold shock inducible. The 5'-untranslated region of the cspI mRNA consists of 145 bases and causes a negative effect on cspI expression at 37 degrees C. The cspI mRNA was very unstable at 37 degrees C but was stabilized upon cold shock. Analyses of the CspI protein on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed that CspI production is maximal at or below 15 degrees C. Taking these results together, E. coli possesses a total of four cold shock-inducible proteins in the CspA family. Interestingly, the optimal temperature ranges for their induction are different: CspA induction occurs over the broadest temperature range (30 to 10 degrees C), CspI induction occurs over the narrowest and lowest temperature range (15 to 10 degrees C), and CspB and CspG occurs at temperatures between the above extremes (20 to 10 degrees C).  (+info)

A cold-active glucanase from the ruminal bacterium Fibrobacter succinogenes S85. (6/6450)

We previously characterized two endoglucanases, CelG and EGD, from the mesophilic ruminal anaerobe Fibrobacter succinogenes S85. Further comparative experiments have shown that CelG is a cold-active enzyme whose catalytic properties are superior to those of several other intensively studied cold-active enzymes. It has a lower temperature optimum, of 25 degrees C, and retains about 70% of its maximum activity at 0 degrees C, while EGD has a temperature optimum of 35 degrees C and retains only about 18% of its maximal activity at 0 degrees C. When assayed at 4 degrees C, CelG exhibits a 33-fold-higher kcat value and a 73-fold-higher physiological efficiency (kcat/Km) than EGD. CelG has a low thermal stability, as indicated by the effect of temperature on its activity and secondary structure. The presence of small amino acids around the putative catalytic residues may add to the flexibility of the enzyme, thereby increasing its activity at cold temperatures. Its activity is modulated by sodium chloride, with an increase of over 1.8-fold at an ionic strength of 0.03. Possible explanations for the presence of a cold-active enzyme in a mesophile are that cold-active enzymes are more broadly distributed than previously expected, that lateral transfer of the gene from a psychrophile occurred, or that F. succinogenes originated from the marine environment.  (+info)

The role of the sympathetic nervous system in the regulation of leptin synthesis in C57BL/6 mice. (7/6450)

The objectives of this study were to determine whether leptin synthesis is regulated by the sympathetic nervous system and if so whether beta-adrenergic receptors mediate this effect. We show that sympathetic blockade by reserpine increases leptin mRNA levels in brown but not white adipose tissue, while acute cold-exposure decreases leptin expression 10-fold in brown adipose tissue and 2-fold in white adipose tissue. The cold-induced reduction in leptin mRNA can be prevented by a combination of propranolol and SR 59230A but not by either antagonist alone, indicating that beta3-adrenergic receptors and classical beta1/beta2-adrenergic receptors both mediate responses to sympathetic stimulation. Circulating leptin levels reflect synthesis in white adipose tissue but not in brown adipose tissue.  (+info)

Differential regulation of uncoupling protein-1, -2 and -3 gene expression by sympathetic innervation in brown adipose tissue of thermoneutral or cold-exposed rats. (8/6450)

The control of uncoupling protein-1, -2 and -3 (UCP-1, UCP-2, UCP-3) mRNA levels by sympathetic innervation in rats was investigated by specific and sensitive RT-PCR assays. In rats reared at thermoneutrality (25 degrees C), unilateral surgical sympathetic denervation of interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) markedly reduced the UCP-1 mRNA level (-38%) as compared with the contralateral innervated BAT pad, but was without significant effect on UCP-2 and -3 mRNA levels. Cold exposure (7 days, 4 degrees C) markedly increased UCP-1 (+180%), UCP-2 (+115%) and UCP-3 (+195%) mRNA levels in interscapular BAT. Unilateral sympathetic denervation prevented the cold-induced rise in BAT UCP-1 and UCP-2 mRNAs, but not that in BAT UCP-3 mRNA. Results were confirmed by Northern blot analysis. These data indicate a differential endocrine control of UCP-1, UCP-2 and UCP-3 gene expression in rat BAT both at thermoneutrality and during prolonged cold exposure.  (+info)

The effect of cold exposure on the systemic renin-angiotensin system and on regulation of the angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor was examined in target organs for Ang II with cardiovascular relevance (left ventricle, kidney, lung) and metabolic relevance [interscapular brown adipose tissue (ISBAT), liver] to the functional consequences of cold exposure. In time course studies, the effects were examined of 4 hr or 1, 3 and 7 days of exposure to cold (4 degrees C) on plasma Ang II concentration and Ang II receptor binding characteristics in rat liver. Plasma Ang II concentration increased 10-fold after 4 hr of cold exposure, returned to control levels at days 1 and 3 of cold exposure, and was again increased (2-fold) at 7 days of cold exposure. The affinity of [125I]Sar1, Ile8-Ang II binding in membranes prepared from rat liver was not altered in cold-exposed rats. The density (Bmax) of binding sites in liver from cold-exposed rats was increased by day 1 and remained elevated over time-matched controls.
by Sze Hang Fu, Peter S. Rodriguez & Prabhat Jha. Extreme temperatures, including cold spells and heat waves, have detrimental effects on human health. Most climate change projections foresee extreme weather becoming more prevalent. Indeed, various parts of the world have already begun to experience the impact of extremely hot weather. Much less attention has been given to the health effects of cold temperature ranges.. To tackle this knowledge gap, a recent Indian study estimated the association between extremely and moderately hot and cold temperatures with human mortality [1]. The study found that while extremely hot temperature had the highest mortality risk, moderately cold temperature contributed to the most deaths in India.. Read the full article here. Comments are closed.. ...
This text introduces the reader to the problem of cold temperature exposure of refugees from the perspective of health risks as well as from the perspective of human rights. The arrival of large numbers of displaced persons in Northern Europe in 2015 and the challenge to provide sufficient shelter in a cold climate serve as the point of departure for the research presented here. Combining these approaches in a literature research of primary and secondary materials, the text shows that a wide range of international treaties can be utilized to argue in favor of a positive obligation for states to provide shelter to displaced persons and protection against cold temperatures. Describing the dangers associated with exposure to cold temperatures and investigating a range of binding legal documents, the authors show that international law can be used to force states to take action to solve a simple but life-threatening problem. Particular emphasis is given to the efforts made by Finland to provide ...
Background: Temperature and other environmental stressors are known to affect blood pressure and heart rate. The cold pressor test is used clinically to evaluate autonomic and left ventricular functions.. Aims: This project was done to test the hypothesis that blood pressure and heart rate is altered during the cold pressor test.. Methods: Students performed the cold pressor test, to study the change in blood pressure following an environmental stress. 40 medical students from the Ist year MBBS batches were selected and tested for cold pressor test during 1 to 2 min immersion of one hand in ice water. This test used cold as a stressful stimulus. The response of the subject was measured by the change in blood pressure and heart rate after the application of cold stimulus.. Results: The study showed that the correlation between Anxiety state scores and cold pressor test response was not significant statistically. The correlation between Anxiety trait scores and cold pressor test response was also ...
Download Free Full-Text of an article THE EFFECT OF COLD TEMPERATURE ON OXIDATIVE DAMAGE AND ACTIVITY OF OXIDATIVE ENZYMES IN TEA LEAVES FROM NORTHERN IRAN
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When is it too cold for my dog to go outside? Winter has come and some of us are experiencing cold temperatures and snow. This guide helps you and your dog survive the cold temperatures!
Aerospace applications have an increasing demand for strong and reliable adhesives, able to withstand large temperature gradients. The variation of the adhesives mechanical properties with temperature is therefore one of the factors that must be well understood before safe and reliable adhesive joints can be designed for these applications. The stress-strain curve and the toughness properties of an adhesive show strong dependency with temperature for most adhesives, especially near the glass transition temperature (Tg). In this work, an experimental procedure is undertaken to evaluate the effect of low temperatures on the adhesive strength and mode I fracture toughness of a room temperature vulcanizing silicone (RTV) adhesive. Firstly, the temperature at which the glass transition of the RTV occurs was obtained by means of an in-house developed measurement apparatus. Bulk specimens were manufactured and tested at temperatures above and below the Tg in order to obtain a strength envelope of the ...
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February 13, 2013. Scientists at the University of Southern California have found a way to turn off the neuron responsible for sensing cold in mice, and it could help humans who have extreme sensitivities to cold temperatures.. The neuron channel, called TRPM8, is responsible for sensing normal cold responses in mammals, according to David McKenny, the neurobiologist responsible for the study, which was published in the Journal of Neuroscience Tuesday. By turning it off in mice, the animals turned insensitive to cool and painfully cold temperatures and did not distinguish between cold and a preferred warm temperature. The mice were still able to feel warm temperatures and pain.. Though the process is currently irreversible, McKenny says if pharmaceutical companies can develop a drug that will make the effect temporary, it could be useful for patients with certain conditions that make them hypersensitive to cold temperatures.. Read more ...
Buy Plant Cold Hardiness: Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, and Physiology (9780306457128): Proceedings of the Fifth International Plant Cold Hardiness Seminar, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 5-8 August, 1996: NHBS - Edited By: Paul H Li and Tony HH Chen, Plenum Publishers
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When bitterly cold temperatures hit, you have to be careful to avoid staying out in the frigid air for too long. A cold weather emergency can happen relatively
Getting a pre-existing heart problem can place you at elevated risk for severe heart disease. Cold temperature and cardiovascular disease frequently dont mix well, however this doesnt mean you need to lose out on winter fun. By being conscious of the following advice and heart risks that cold temperature makes you to face, you may make better decisions regarding how to spend these cooler several weeks.. Cold temperature can narrow bloodstream vessels: This can be a response from the body so that they can retain heat, but regrettably, it can possibly put more force on the center while increasing bloodstream pressure and heartbeat. Its suggested to remain inside during very cold temperature.. Cold air may cause chest discomfort: This might take place in a lot of people. Putting on a shawl might help mitigate this as it can certainly warm-up the environment before you decide to breathe it.. Watch out for influenza: The cooler several weeks frequently bring by using it influenza along with other ...
SAN ANGELO, TX - Bitterly cold temperatures are forecast for San Angelo and the Concho Valley Monday and Tuesday nights as a strong, dry cold front blows through the region. According to the National Weather Service, temperatures will remain below usual mid December temperatures tonight and Tuesday. Lows tonight will be in the 20s, and highs on Tuesday will be mainly in the 45
In Experiment 1 ascites related mortality was 6%, 0%, 16% and 19% after 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks of cold exposure (100 C), respectively. After 4 weeks of cold exposure ascites related mortality was 24% in verapamil supplemented cold exposed broilers, in comparison to a 35% mortality in non- supplemented cold exposed broilers. Body weight was significantly depressed by cold exposure. Hematocrit was significantly elevated by cold exposure. Verapamil decreased hematocrit only in the ascitic cold-exposed population. RV/TV, RV/LV ratios were significantly increased by cold exposure in the ascitic population. Verapamil had no apparent effect on these variables. The ECG analysis employed accurately reflected the right ventricular hypertrophy observed by invasive measures. Right ventricular calcium, but not left, was significantly increased by cold exposure. verapamil non- significantly decreased calcium accumulation to control levels. In Experiment 2, there was a 0%, 4.3%, and 26% ascites related mortality ...
The City of St. Louis Department of Health is urging residents to prepare for an extended period of extreme cold temperatures and the first accumulating snow of the season
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Were in the midst of bitter cold temperatures that will stay in the area over the next few days. How cold will it be? Take a look at our gallery.
Global High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners Market Report illustrates the present development status of High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners along with the growth of High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners expected during the forecast period during 2017-2022. High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners Market analyses the industry based on different factors like growth trends, consumer volume, High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners market size and demand and supply status. High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners Market is a beneficial research material which conducts a competitive analysis of the High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners market. This report also portrays the High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners industry structure based on the product cost, major industry players, product applications, import/export details and High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners market competition.. A complete study of High Pressure Cold Water Cleaners based on emerging and dominant market segments, major geographical regions, supply chain analysis, High ...
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Life threatening cold temperatures and icy weather conditions have hit the Midwest and the Northeast United States this weekend.
Youngsters recently learned all about the science of cold temperatures in Boca Raton. The Childrens Science Explorium at Sugar Sand Parks community center offered a one-week Winter Break Blast
A recent study published in the journal Cell Metabolism found that 12-HEPE, a lipid produced by the body in response to cold temperatures, may help reduce blood sugar levels. Researchers from Brazil, the U.S. and Germany conducted a series of experiments on mice and humans and found that it could help shuttle glucose into tissues and improve glucose tolerance […]
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Using hot or cold temperatures to change the size of your pores is unfortunately a home remedy trick. There is no way to change the size of your pores.
The Sparta Area School District will be CLOSED today, February 14th, due to very cold temperatures. Evening activities to proceed as planned ...
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TheBody.com fills you in on the topic, can hiv blood survive in cold temperatures, with a wealth of fact sheets, expert advice, community perspective, the latest news/research, and much more.
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To determine (1) whether acclimation of carbon metabolism to low temperatures results in recovery of the relative growth rate (RGR) of plants in the cold and (2) the source of N underpinning cold-acclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana, we supplied plants with a nutrient solution labelled with 15N and subjected them to a temperature shift (23oC to 5oC). Whole-plant RGR of cold-treated plants was initially less than 30% of that of warm-maintained control plants. After 14 days, new leaves with a cold-acclimated phenotype emerged, with the RGR of cold-treated plants increasing by 50%; there was an associated recovery of root RGR and doubling of the net assimilation rate (NAR). The development of new tissues in the cold was supported initially by re-allocation of internal sources of N. In the longer-term, the majority (80%) of N in new leaves was derived from the external solution. Hence, both the nutrient status of the plant and the current availability of N from external sources are important in ...
The CBF regulon has a major role in freezing tolerance. The initial evidence for this was the finding that transgenic Arabidopsis plants constitutively expressing CBF1, CBF2, or CBF3 resulted in an increase in freezing tolerance without exposing plants to low temperature (Jaglo-Ottosen et al., 1998; Liu et al., 1998; Gilmour et al., 2004). Subsequently, Novillo et al. (2007) used RNA interference and antisense constructs to down-regulate the expression of CBF1 and CBF3 and found that this resulted in about a 25% to 50% decrease in freezing tolerance in cold-treated plants. In addition, Hannah et al. (2006) examined six accessions of Arabidopsis that differed in freezing tolerance and found that the levels of CBF1 and CBF2 expression, as well as genes that constitute the CBF2 regulon, positively correlated with freezing tolerance. Finally, Alonso-Blanco et al. (2005) mapped quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for freezing tolerance in recombinant inbreed lines produced from a cross between two ...
When water temperatures drop to 68 degrees or below, manatees can suffer from cold stress. In Brevard County this year, wildlife officials said they have only seen very minor cold stress on some animals, nothing that warranted intervention or rescue.. ...
When a car wont start during a very cold temperature this indicates that the problem has something to do with the car battery, as you may already know a battery is consisting of electrolyte, if this electrolytes freezes up even partially the battery will then losses power that is why during starting the engine wont crank because the power is not enough to start it. Now, a battery freezes at a very cold temperature, say 20F is just enough to partially freeze the electrolytes that is why you are experiencing a car wont start at a very cold temperature ...
The cold acclimatization response in many bacterial species is a tightly regulated process, which ensures the correct folding of macromolecules. In enterobacteria, this response is in part dependent on polynucleotide phosphorylase, which is encoded by the gene pnp. Based on transcriptional analysis of the pnp locus of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, we show that pnp and the adjacent membrane lipoprotein nlpI gene form an operon with both genes contributing independently to the cold acclimatization response at 15 °C. Our findings thereby define a new role for NlpI in bacterial cold acclimatization.. ...
While providing a warming period between cold exposures causes a decrease in mortality in several insect species (Petavy et al. 2001; Colinet et al. 2007; Kostal et al. 2007), our study provides, to our knowledge, the first evidence of a trade-off between immediate survival and future fitness as a result of a multiple stress response. Regardless of the age of the flies, we found that multiply exposed flies had lower mortality than flies exposed to cold for the same amount of time without opportunity for repair. However, we also found that this improvement in survival is costly: flies exposed to cold on multiple occasions had a lower intrinsic rate of population increase than any other cold treatment. Therefore, our increased cost hypothesis was supported: there is a fitness consequence to repeated cold exposure.. Our study is, to our knowledge, the first to quantify a long-term negative fitness impact of repeated cold injury. This response was found only in multiply exposed flies, and not in ...
Boiling water does evaporate at cold temperatures. At the boiling point (212 degrees F), water will evaporate at a much faster rate because it loses heat energy quicker than cold energy. As the boiling water begins to cool, the process of evaporation is still present, but at a slower rate.Source:U.S. Geological Survey: The Water Cycle - EvaporationUSAToday: Molecular Motion Determines Water's StateCool Physics Phenomena: Hot Water Freezes Faster Than Cold
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of diet and cold exposure on norepinephrine turnover in pancreas and liver. AU - Young, J. B.. AU - Landsberg, L.. PY - 1979/1/1. Y1 - 1979/1/1. N2 - The potential contribution of the sympathetic nervous system to the regulation of the endocrine pancreas and the liver has previously been studied only in vitro or by indirect in vivo methods. This report describes the adaptation of the [3H]norepinephrine ([3H]NE) turnover technique to rat pancreas and liver as well as the application of this technique to the evaluation of sympathetic activity in these organs during cold exposure, fasting, and overfeeding. Cold exposure (4°C) increased the calculated pancreatic NE turnover rate 83% from 16.6 ± 1.1 ng NE/organ per hr to 30.4 ± 1.9 (95% confidence intervals), whereas hepatic NE turnover rate increased only 25% from 47.0 ± 3.4 to 58.7 ± 3.3. Two days of fasting reduced pancreatic NE turnover rate 70% from 26.8 ± 3.0 ng NE/organ per hr to 8.0 ± 0.8, whereas hepatic NE ...
The effects of cold acclimation (CA) on the cardiorespiratory responses to cold air and water stress tests (CST) were studied in seven males before and after a CA program of daily 90 min cold water (18 C) immersions repeated five times a week for five consecutive weeks. The CST consisted of a 90 min resting exposure to cold air or water during which rectal temperature (T sub re), oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), minute ventilation (V sub E), heart rate (HR), cardiac output (Q) and blood pressure (BP) were periodically measured. In cold air following CA, the VO2 at 10 minutes was lower post than pre CA, however, no differences were found in cold water. The (V sub E) increased during CST as a function of VCO2. The CA did not affect the (V sub E)-VCO2 relationship or the pattern of breathing during CST in cold air or water. The CA had no effect on Q or (a-V) O2 difference, which both increased during the first 45 min of CST, then remained stable. BP increased significantly during
US - Extreme cold temperatures impacted livestock movements throughout the this week, impacting cattle and hog slaughter, write Steve Meyer and Len Steiner.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Brown adipose tissue derived VEGF-A modulates cold tolerance and energy expenditure. AU - Sun, Kai. AU - Kusminski, Christine M.. AU - Luby-Phelps, Kate. AU - Spurgin, Stephen B.. AU - An, Yu A.. AU - Wang, Qiong A.. AU - Holland, William L.. AU - Scherer, Philipp E.. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - We recently reported that local overexpression of VEGF-A in white adipose tissue (WAT) protects against diet-induced obesity and metabolic dysfunction. The observation that VEGF-A induces a brown adipose tissue (BAT)-like phenotype in WAT prompted us to further explore the direct function of VEGF-A in BAT. We utilized a doxycycline (Dox)-inducible, brown adipocyte-specific VEGF-A transgenic overexpression model to assess direct effects of VEGF-A in BAT invivo. We observed that BAT-specific VEGF-A expression increases vascularization and up-regulates expression of both UCP1 and PGC-1α in BAT. As a result, the transgenic mice show increased thermogenesis during chronic cold exposure. In ...
Workers who cut, shape, place and install conduit and wire trays in cold environments face hazards from cold-related injuries and illnesses including slipping and falling, hypothermia, and frostbite. Working in cold temperatures, especially with wind and moist clothing, poses a serious threat to a worker’s health. Prolonged periods of exposure to harsh conditions can result in injuries, usually starting with a worker’s extremities.
Workers who install pipe assemblies, fittings, valves, appliances and fixtures in cold environments face hazards from cold-related injuries and illnesses including slipping and falling, hypothermia, and frostbite. Working in cold temperatures, especially with wind and moist clothing, poses a serious threat to a worker’s health. Prolonged periods of exposure to harsh conditions can result in injuries, usually starting with a worker’s extremities.
FLU AND SEVERE COLD (acetaminophen, dextromethorphan hbr, phenylephrine hcl kit) can come in different packaging based on the dosage and strength of the medication. Below are pictures of flu and severe cold packaging to help you recognize it.
Rest easy with Theraflu Nighttime Multi-Symptom Severe Cold With Tea Infusions, a fast-acting, hot liquid powder medicine to help fight severe cold & flu symptoms at night.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cold exposure down-regulates adiponutrin/PNPLA3 mRNA expression and affects its nutritional regulation in adipose tissues of lean and obese Zucker rats.. AU - Oliver, Paula. AU - Caimari, Antoni. AU - Diaz Rua, Ruben. AU - Palou, Andreu. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Adiponutrin/PNPLA3 is a protein highly produced in adipose tissue whose expression is under tight nutritional regulation. It possesses lipogenic/lipolytic capacity and, although adiponutrin polymorphisms are related to obesity, its physiological role is not clear. To help clarify its role, we studied the effect of acute cold exposure on adiponutrin mRNA expression in different adipose tissues of lean/obese Zucker rats subjected to feeding/fasting/refeeding. The effect of cold on the expression of key lipogenic enzymes and on uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) was evaluated in selected adipose depots. Adiponutrin mRNA levels were also determined in the adipose tissue of isoprenaline-treated rats and in cultured ...
Predation by the sand shrimp has been implicated as one of the most significant sources of mortality for recently hatched metamorphosed winter flounder. Experiments conducted by Taylor and Collie found that shrimp consumption rates on post-settlement flounder significantly increased with increasing flounder density, irrespective of water temperature. At low flounder densities, however, significantly more flounder were consumed at warm temperatures than at cold temperatures (16 °C and 10 °C, respectively, or 61 °F and 50 °F). Model estimates and visual observations of shrimp foraging behavior suggest that the variable feeding rates at different temperatures are the result of cold temperatures decreasing predator activity at low flounder densities, and conversely, shrimp maintaining high predation rates at low flounder densities when exposed to warm temperatures. These findings indicate that shrimp are capable of driving flounder populations to local extinction during warm water conditions ...
Cool climate Wildlife Food Plot Seed direct from Hancock Farm & Seed Company. Cold Temperature wildlife food plot seeds include oats, millets, chufas, vetch.
The cold shock domain (CSD) is a nucleic acid binding domain that is widely conserved from bacteria to higher plants and animals. In Escherichia coli, cold shock proteins (CSPs) are composed solely of a CSD and function as RNA chaperones that destabilize RNA secondary structures. Cellular RNAs tend to be folded into unfavorable structures under low temperature conditions, and RNA chaperones resolve these structures, recovering functionality of the RNAs. CSP functions are associated mainly with cold adaptation, but they are also involved in other biological processes under normal growth conditions. Eukaryotic CSD proteins contain auxiliary domains in addition to the CSD and regulate many biological processes such as development and stress tolerance. In plants, it has been demonstrated that CSD proteins play essential roles in acquiring freezing tolerance. In addition, it has been suggested that some plant CSD proteins regulate embryo development, flowering time and fruit development. In this review, we
CLEVELAND -- Extremely cold temperatures are returning to northeast Ohio this week. RTA will be keeping several of our enclosed passenger facilities and transit centers open all night for three nights beginning Tuesday evening, January 29 through Thursday night.
I have a small dry cabin and its plumbed for propane lights. Im installing a small range and gas fridge and, in my research, Ive discovered I may have a problem with my design. First, Ill be using two 40# tanks for ease of transportation. In addition to the range and fridge I have a total of 8 Mr. Heater lights. What are some of everyones experiences with using propane in cold temperatures? Im concerned the pressure in my tanks will drop and some of my appliances will be
Shop a large selection of Chemical Hazards Safety Signs products and learn more about Brady Polyester Caution Sign: ACETYLENE Black on yellow; Cold temperature Black on yellow;
11th October 2019 Recent independent UKAS accredited testing has proven that UltraCrete rapid strength bedding mortar, M60, can outperform its key competitor at temperatures as low as 5°C.. Launched over 30 years ago, UltraCrete M60 is the market leading bedding mortar. Recent independent UKAS testing demonstrated that it still consistently delivers, reporting that the rapid strength bedding mortar has been proven to be 83% stronger than other similar products at 5°C, making it the go to rapid bedding mortar for the winter months. Additionally M60 also achieves an impressive 20N/mm² in just 45mins at 20°C.. UltraCrete M60 is dimensionally stable in wet weather and low temperatures, with no cracking or surface crazing. It can be used for all access covers, as well as for the bonding of granite setts, flags and bedding kerbs. HAPAS (Highways Authority Product Approval Scheme) approved since 2005, M60 also conforms to the required standard of HD27/15 (Design Manual for Roads and Bridges) ...
Find professional Cold Temperature videos and stock footage available for license in film, television, advertising and corporate uses. Getty Images offers exclusive rights-ready and premium royalty-free analog, HD, and 4K video of the highest quality.
With cold temperatures descending around the country, the American Red Cross has come out with tips focused on keeping citizens safe
Environmental temperature influences energy intake utilization and tissue deposition in pig. However, physiological mechanisms involved in muscle metabolic adaptation to cold temperature are unclear. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of a cold temperature applied during the post-weaning (PW) and growing-finishing (GF) periods of pigs on growth performance, body composition and Longissimus muscle (LM) energy metabolism, with emphasis on the AMP-protein kinase (AMPK) pathway involved in homeostasis regulation. A total of 84 Large White x (Large White x Landrace) piglets (castrated males and females) fed ad libitum were submitted to either Cold (C: from 23°C to 15°C) or Thermoneutrality (T: from 28°C to 23°C) temperature during PW. 12 C and 12 T piglets were slaughtered at 25 kg and the remaining piglets were reared at 12°C (CC) or 23°C (TT), up to 115 kg. During PW, cold exposure induced strong responses on growth performance. Despite a higher average feed intake (AFI, + 50 g/d, P|0.01), C
Larvae and adults of A. aegypti are clearly capable of cold acclimation when presented with a change in larval or adult acclimation temperature. In the present study, we compared the effects of development or adult acclimation at only two temperatures (15 and 25°C), but demonstrate that this difference of 10°C was sufficient to substantially alter chill tolerance in this important vector of disease. Cold-acclimated larvae and adults more rapidly recovered from chill coma following cold stress, and had significantly higher survival following chronic cold. After 12-16 h at 2°C, very few larvae acclimated to 15°C showed any signs of chilling injury while ∼30% of larvae acclimated to 25°C were clearly suffering from neuromuscular injury that prevented them moving in a coordinated manner (Fig. 2B).. Chilling injury has been repeatedly associated with a systemic loss of ion balance in several terrestrial insects, including members of Hemiptera, Diptera, Blattodea, Lepidoptera and Orthoptera ...
Read Cow-Calf Corner: 2013 Beef Production And Consumption; Re-warming Methods For Cold-stressed Newborn Calves in addition to hundreds of recent farming and agriculture news articles. View up to date crop reports, livestock information and ag industry breaking news from farms.com.
Stay hydrated and well fuelled: In severe cold, extra calories are required just to function let alone race. Make sure your system is topped up on energy and not starting at a disadvantage. As race delays are common in severe cold, bring enough food to continue eating during delay periods. This could involve eating a pre-race breakfast as normal but also packing a pre-race lunch in the case of a long delay (also smart to do if avalanche control delays are possible). Cold temperatures are definitely a good time to use a carbohydrate replacement like Hammer HEED. Any extra calories you can take in will be useful and warm HEED will do the trick.. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is also common in ski mountaineers. High breathing frequency and frigid temperatures at altitude cause airway obstruction in 50% of racers elite racers, the majority of whom are unaware. EIB can significantly impact performance and should be discussed with a physician if an athlete has any history of asthma or ...
The effects of peripheral cold exposure on myocardial perfusion and function were studied in 13 patients with scleroderma without clinically evident myocardial disease. Ten patients had at least one transient, cold-induced, myocardial perfusion defect visualized by thallium-201 scintigraphy, and 12 had reversible, cold-induced, segmental left ventricular hypokinesis by two-dimensional echocardiography. The 10 patients with transient perfusion defects all had anatomically corresponding ventricular wall motion abnormalities. No one in either of two control groups (9 normal volunteers and 7 patients with chest pain and normal coronary arteriograms) had cold-induced abnormalities. This study is the first to show the simultaneous occurrence of cold-induced abnormalities in myocardial perfusion and function in patients with scleroderma. The results suggest that cold exposure in such patients may elicit transient reflex coronary vasoconstriction resulting in reversible myocardial ischemia and ...
Environmental stress generally disturbs cellular homeostasis. Researchers have hypothesized that chilling injury is linked to a shortage of ATP. However, previous studies conducted on insects exposed to nonfreezing low temperatures presented conflicting results. In this study, we investigated the mitochondrial bioenergetics of Drosophila melanogaster flies exposed to chronic cold stress (4 °C). We assessed mitochondrial oxygen consumption while monitoring the rate of ATP synthesis at various times (0, 1, 2, and 3 days) during prolonged cold stress and at two assay temperatures (25 and 4 °C). We compared organelle responses between cold-susceptible and cold-acclimated phenotypes. Continuous exposure to low temperature provoked temporal declines in the rates of mitochondrial respiration and ATP synthesis. Respiratory control ratios (RCRs) suggested that mitochondria were not critically uncoupled. Nevertheless, after 3 days of continuous cold stress, a sharp decline in the mitochondrial ATP synthesis
Another idea is to put a tarp over the house or a towel to work as a doorway, so the inside doest get wet. Another important thing for pet owners to remember, is that just because it is cold, you still have to give your animal water. Water may freeze easily, so it is best to use a plastic bowl, and check the water often to make sure it has not turned to ice. Brown and Maynes told NBC 26 Monday, that during these cold conditions animals need extra calories to sustain the energy to fight the chill, so it is always best to give your pet extra food. Neglecting to care for your pet in weather conditions is against the law, and fines can be hefty. Mayne at the Columbia Animal Control, said they already have had a few dogs brought in because of the extreme weather conditions, and they are investigating those cases now. Mayne said that with this cold weather, they are keeping a close eye on pets in the area, and urge people to report any pets left outside without proper shelter and food to the Animal ...
There are proven acute regenerative benefits of both cold water immersion and cold application after exercise... cool? Not so cool, no. Two recent studies demonstrate: In the long run both will impair your gains.
Two-component systems (TCS) allow a cell to elaborate a variety of adaptive responses to environment changes. The recently discovered CasK/R TCS plays a role in the optimal unsaturation of fatty acids necessary for cold adaptation of the foodborne-pathogen Bacillus cereus. Here, we showed that the promoter activity of the operon encoding this TCS was repressed during growth at low temperature in the stationary phase in the parental strain when compared to the casK/R mutant, suggesting that CasR negatively regulates the activity of its own promoter in these conditions. The promoter activity of the desA gene encoding the delta-5 fatty acid desaturase, providing unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) required for low temperature adaptation, was repressed in the casK/R mutant grown at 12°C versus 37°C. This result suggests that CasK/R activates desA expression during B. cereus growth at low temperature, allowing an optimal unsaturation of the fatty acids. In contrast, desA expression was repressed during the lag
Raynauds Syndrome. Raynauds phenomenon. Raynauds disease. Cold hands? Cold fingers? Cold feet? Cold toes? The Haven Healing Centre. Complementary Therapy in Bristol, Bath and Surrounding Area. Philip Chave, Healer and Therapist
TY - JOUR. T1 - Skin temperature and photoelectric plethysmography recovery characteristics during mild cold challenge testing in normal subjects. AU - Allen, John. AU - Montague, C. AU - Murray, A. PY - 1999/12/1. Y1 - 1999/12/1. M3 - Conference article. VL - 36. SP - 327. JO - Journal of Vascular Research. JF - Journal of Vascular Research. ER - ...
Chemical Engineering Grain Processing Seminar Series Xue Mi Department of Chemical Engineering Michigan Technological University Advisor: Dr. Caryn Heldt Abstract: Viral diseases continue to take the lives of millions of people each year. The most effective method to prevent viral infection is with vaccines. In order for viral vaccines to be effective they must be transported and stored at cold temperatures. If temperatures are not maintained, the vaccine may lose its potency and could no longer be effective in fighting disease. This is called the cold storage problem. Finding a way to thermally stabilize a virus so a vaccine does not need to be transported and stored in cold temperatures is important to the health and safety of many people. We are exploring the use of polyelectrolyte dense phases to stabilize viruses. But to reduce the need to randomly screen different polyelectrolytes, we have chosen to first explore viral surface properties. The property we have focused on is virus surface
TY - JOUR. T1 - The cold pressor test during radionuclide ventriculography. T2 - A feasibility study in cancer patients. AU - Verwey, J.. AU - Van Lingen, A.. AU - Teule, J. J.. AU - Heidendal, G. A K. AU - Pinedo, H. M.. PY - 1986/3. Y1 - 1986/3. N2 - To monitor the use of cardiotoxic drugs, adequate assessment of myocardial function is required. Although serial radionuclide left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) studies allow a simple and rapid assessment of the myocardial function without risk or discomfort to the patient, they appear not to be sensitive enough. Determination of the EF during cold application may be more sensitive. In this study we tested the feasibility of the cold pressor test (CPT) in relation to EF determination in 23 cancer patients. Only minor side effects were recorded. The response of heart rate to cold was similar to the response reported in healthy volunteers and patients with coronary artery disease. In selected cases EF determination during CPT appeared to be ...
THERAFLU WARMING RELIEF NIGHTTIME SEVERE COLD & COUGH (Diphenhydramine,Phenylephrine,Acetaminophen) drug information & product resources from MPR including dosage information, educational materials, & patient assistance.
THERAFLU DAYTIME SEVERE COLD & COUGH (Acetaminophen,Phenylephrine,Dextromethorphan) drug information & product resources from MPR including dosage information, educational materials, & patient assistance.
Before having any laboratory performance test, tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking Flu & severe cold night time and Pheniramine. Carbetapentane binds Pheniramine and should be given early. Metaxalone has been used for premedication in intubated children, and Carbetapentane is commonly used as an antiemetic in the preoperati
Comprehensive alcohol & food interactions for Mucinex Fast-Max Severe Cold (acetaminophen / dextromethorphan / guaifenesin / phenylephrine).
Neptune is the coldest planet in the Solar System, maintaining a fairly consistent average of -200 degrees Celsius. Towards the planets equator, temperatures can get as cold as -218 degrees Celsius,...
Transverse oscillations of a microsphere in liquid helium below 0.3 K are investigated. For small amplitudes we observe ballistic drag by phonons and3He impurities. At a threshold velocity amplitude the drag force increases discontinuously to a value determined by turbulence in the superfluid and varies with the square of the velocity amplitude. The turbulent drag coefficient is determined by the density of the liquid and the radius of the sphere, similar to the case of uniform motion in a classical liquid. The threshold velocity for the onset of turbulent friction is found to be independent of the temperature. ...
Cold Temperatures. Cold weather may help some germs prosper. Research from the National Institute of Health suggests that in cold temperatures, flu viruses are more stable; the outer shell of flu virus particles get tougher and more hardy so they survive longer. Low humidity also helps the virus particles remain in the air because the viruses float in the air in small respiratory droplets. When the air is humid, those droplets pick up water, grow larger and fall to the ground.. The cold air also makes it harder for the hairs and mucus in our noses to protect us from germs. The dryness can thicken the mucus and clog the cilia that sweep mucus from our nasal cavity into the back of the throat.. Some research suggests that both the cold air from outdoors as well as the dry air from indoors may play a role in protecting the aerosol droplets we sneeze and cough into the air, allowing them to spread more easily from one sick person to another. Add to that the confined spaces with air heating systems ...
Cold Temperatures. Cold weather may help some germs prosper. Research from the National Institute of Health suggests that in cold temperatures, flu viruses are more stable; the outer shell of flu virus particles get tougher and more hardy so they survive longer. Low humidity also helps the virus particles remain in the air because the viruses float in the air in small respiratory droplets. When the air is humid, those droplets pick up water, grow larger and fall to the ground.. The cold air also makes it harder for the hairs and mucus in our noses to protect us from germs. The dryness can thicken the mucus and clog the cilia that sweep mucus from our nasal cavity into the back of the throat.. Some research suggests that both the cold air from outdoors as well as the dry air from indoors may play a role in protecting the aerosol droplets we sneeze and cough into the air, allowing them to spread more easily from one sick person to another. Add to that the confined spaces with air heating systems ...
Hypothermia and frostbite are serious medical conditions caused by prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. Hypothermia results when the body loses heat faster than it can be produced. The resulting loss in body temperature can affect brain function decreasing the ability to think clearly and move well. Warning signs of hypothermia include a temperature less than 95°, shivering, exhaustion, confusion, fumbling hands, memory loss, slurred speech and drowsiness. Frostbite is an injury to the body caused by freezing. The damage can be permanent and can result in amputation. Frostbite most often affects the nose, ears, cheeks, chin, fingers and toes. The risk of frostbite is increased in people with reduced circulation and individuals not dressed properly for extreme cold temperatures. Signs of frostbite include white or grayish-yellow skin, skin that feels unusually firm or waxy, and numbness. Victims of frostbite and hypothermia require immediate medical attention ...
Transcriptome analysis may provide means to investigate the underlying genetic causes of shared and divergent phenotypes in different populations and help to identify potential targets of adaptive evolution. Applying RNA sequencing to whole male Drosophila melanogaster from the ancestral tropical African environment and a very recently colonized cold-temperate European environment at both standard laboratory conditions and following a cold shock, we seek to uncover the transcriptional basis of cold adaptation. In both the ancestral and the derived populations, the predominant characteristic of the cold shock response is the swift and massive upregulation of heat shock proteins and other chaperones. Although we find ~25 % of the genome to be differentially expressed following a cold shock, only relatively few genes (n = 16) are up- or down-regulated in a population-specific way. Intriguingly, 14 of these 16 genes show a greater degree of differential expression in the African population. Likewise, there
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators responding to acute environmental stresses in both plants and animals. By modulating gene expression, miRNAs either restore or reconstitute a new expression program to enhance cell tolerance to stresses. Cold shock is one of the stresses that can induce acute physiological responses and transcriptional changes in aquatic creatures. Previous genomic studies have revealed many cold-affected genes in fish larvae and adults, however, the role of miRNAs in acute cold response is still ambiguous. To elucidate the regulatory roles of miRNAs in the cold-inducible responses, we performed small RNA-seq and RNA-seq analyses and found potential cold regulatory miRNAs and genes. We further investigated their interactions and involvements in cold tolerance. Small RNA-seq and RNA-seq identified 29 up-/26 down-regulated miRNAs and 908 up-/468 down-regulated genes, respectively, in responding to cold shock for 4 h at 18 °C. miRNA and transcriptomic analyses showed these miRNAs
You may have tossed water in the air on a sub-zero day, but have you ever filled a water gun with boiling water to see what happens on a very cold
For help in finding a doctor or health service that suits your needs, call the UPMC Referral Service at 412-647-UPMC (8762) or 1-800-533-UPMC (8762). Select option 1.. UPMC is an equal opportunity employer. UPMC policy prohibits discrimination or harassment on the basis of race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, sex, genetics, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, familial status, disability, veteran status, or any other legally protected group status. Further, UPMC will continue to support and promote equal employment opportunity, human dignity, and racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity. This policy applies to admissions, employment, and access to and treatment in UPMC programs and activities. This commitment is made by UPMC in accordance with federal, state, and/or local laws and regulations.. Medical information made available on UPMC.com is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should not rely ...
For help in finding a doctor or health service that suits your needs, call the UPMC Referral Service at 412-647-UPMC (8762) or 1-800-533-UPMC (8762). Select option 1.. UPMC is an equal opportunity employer. UPMC policy prohibits discrimination or harassment on the basis of race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, age, sex, genetics, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, familial status, disability, veteran status, or any other legally protected group status. Further, UPMC will continue to support and promote equal employment opportunity, human dignity, and racial, ethnic, and cultural diversity. This policy applies to admissions, employment, and access to and treatment in UPMC programs and activities. This commitment is made by UPMC in accordance with federal, state, and/or local laws and regulations.. Medical information made available on UPMC.com is not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. You should not rely ...
The simplest use of cold water is for air conditioning: using the cold water itself to cool air saves the energy that would be ... Its most useful property is its temperature. At the surface of the Earth, most water and air is well above 3 °C. The difference ... This technique is sometimes referred to as "cold agriculture" or "cold-bed agriculture". Oceans portal Deep sea fish Deep ocean ... When cold water passes through a pipe surrounded by humid air, condensation results. The condensate is pure water, suitable for ...
... cold Arctic water (temperature 3 °C, salinity ... temperature >3 °C, salinity >35) from the North Atlantic drift ...
Manifestations: Normal temperature ranges between 97.7° and 100.0° Fahrenheit (36.5° to 37.78° Celsius). Cold infants may cry ... Temperature changes and other sensory stimulation contributes to respiratory function as well. Manifestations: Breathing ... Frequently monitor axillary body temperature. Limit neonate's exposure during diaper changes and assessments. Shock of birth ...
The mean daily temperature varies from 33 °C to 38 °C. May is the hottest month; December is the coldest. The average annual ... Maximum summer temperature is 37 °C; minimum winter temperature is 16 °C. ...
The coldest calendar month (since 1960) was December 2010, with a mean temperature of −0.8 °C (30.6 °F) (mean maximum 1.9 °C ( ... "July 2006 temperature". Retrieved 22 March 2011. "Feb 1972 minimum". Retrieved 22 March 2011. "Annual average coldest night". ... The absolute maximum temperature is 30.8 °C (87.4 °F), recorded in August 1990. In a typical year, the warmest day should reach ... Daytime temperatures can fall below freezing and average around 4 °C (39 °F). However, the town is subject to strong winds. ...
The mean daily temperature varies from 33 °C to 38 °C. May is the hottest month; December is the coldest. The average annual ... Kodala is part of Aska (Lok Sabha constituency). Maximum summer temperature is 37 °C; minimum winter temperature is 17 °C. ...
... the weather station air temperature was −19 °C (−2 °F), making it the lowest temperature ever recorded in Yorkshire. It ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "UK weather forecast: Cold snap continues as mercury dips below zero and fog coats ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Plummeting temperatures and frost will put 'vulnerable lives at risk' - Ice fog on the ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "North Yorkshire village coldest place in England so far this winter". infoweb.newsbank ...
If water is used as a drilling fluid, in cold enough temperatures, it will turn to ice in the surrounding snow and firn and ... Commercial rotary rigs are not designed for extremely cold temperatures, and in addition to problems with components such as ... with a final temperature about 10° warmer than the ambient air. This means it cannot be used in ambient temperatures warmer ... "Experimental investigation of cutting temperature in ice drilling". Cold Regions Science and Technology. 116 (116): 78-85. doi: ...
Metals have a positive temperature coefficient of resistance; they have lower resistance when cold. Any electrical load that ... Negative-temperature-coefficient (NTC) thermistors are commonly used in switching power supplies, motor drives and audio ... Non-graphitized) carbon-filament lamps, rarely used now, have a negative temperature coefficient and draw more current as they ... The resistance of an NTC thermistor decreases as its temperature increases. As the inrush current limiter self-heats, the ...
The gas emerging from the "hot" end can reach temperatures of 200 °C (392 °F), and the gas emerging from the "cold end" can ... As it passes its way to the cold outlet, its heat energy is transferred to the peripheric flow. Although the temperature at the ... The main physical phenomenon of the vortex tube is the temperature separation between the cold vortex core and the warm vortex ... It shows that temperature separation in a moving gas is due only to enthalpy conservation in a moving frame of reference. The ...
You would eat them cold or room temperature. Very popular in Victorian times but largely died out commercially after World War ... When cold, rub them over with clarified sugar". In Victorian London, there was a Christmas trade in biffins, supplied by ...
"Experimental investigation of cutting temperature in ice drilling". Cold Regions Science and Technology. 116 (116): 78-85. doi: ... It was found that in very cold conditions, the ice cuttings would fall back out of the auger as it was removed from the hole, ... The maximum design temperature for the heater's steel sheath was 1,500 °F; since it was determined that the normal operating ... In Arctic conditions, with air temperatures below −35 °C, it was found that the steam would cool to water and form an ice plug ...
3. Colder (bigger) Is Better. In ectotherms, individuals reared in colder environments tend to develop to a larger body size. ... 2. Optimal Developmental Temperature. There is an ideal temperature to develop at so individuals reared at an optimal ... 2. Most studies have included stressful temperatures. Acclimation to those temperatures may decrease fitness in an individual. ... Development temperature does not affect adult fitness. The majority of tests of the beneficial adaptation hypothesis have, ...
... above actual air temperatures, resulting in heat indexes well over 120 °F (49 °C). The coldest temperature ever recorded in ... Winter temperatures are generally cold. However, like much of the northern USA, can vary tremendously within the span of one ... During this season, the lake is still quite cold, as the effects of much warmer temperatures are slow to affect the large body ... The effects of the cold front did not affect many suburban areas, as temperatures reached or exceeded 100 °F (38 °C) for a ...
This cold temperature is critical for these species survival. The cave remains cool because it functions as a natural cold air ... If this natural cold air trap were to be breached at an elevation lower than the entrance, the cold air would quickly flow out ... Cold air goes down, and having no place to escape, stays down, filling the cave's massive passages. This cold air collecting ... The reason Hellhole is such an important cave for these bats is its unusually low ambient air temperature. Most caves in West ...
Air temperature varies on a daily and seasonal basis. The temperature is usually lower at night and January is the coldest time ... About 10,000 years ago the cold climate of the ice age ameliorated and temperatures rose above growing point of 5.5 °C. Plant ... inland summer temperatures of 20 to 32 °C (68 to 90 °F) winter temperatures of −1 to 10 °C (30 to 50 °F) The geology of the ... In the cold acid waters of peat bogs there is little decomposition of organic material with the result that the dead sphagnum ...
Air temperature varies on a daily and seasonal basis. The temperature is usually lower at night and January is the coldest time ... It is also subject to more fog and frosts in winter than other areas because of the tendency of cold air to drain into the vale ... In winter anticyclones bring cold dry weather. In summer the anticyclones tend to bring dry settled conditions which can lead ...
The average temperature in summer is 24-25 ° С. The winter is cold and mild with low temperatures. The maximum temperature in ... The summers are hot and dry and the winters are cold. ...
When the surrounding temperatures are cold, endotherms increase metabolic heat production to keep their body temperature ... Ectotherms use external sources of temperature to regulate their body temperatures. They are colloquially referred to as cold- ... Thermoreceptors come in two subcategories; ones that respond to cold temperatures and ones that respond to warm temperatures. ... ISBN 978-0-534-46226-0. cold temperatures birds minimize heat loss. Wong, Lena; Forsberg, C; Wahren, LK (2005). "Temperature of ...
Temperatures only occasionally reach 35 °C (95 °F) or more. June and July are the coldest months, with average maximums of ... "Daily Maximum Temperature - 040913 - Bureau of Meteorology". Daniel Sankey and Tony Moore (19 July 2007). "Coldest day on ... in coldest month. The city's highest recorded temperature was 43.2 °C (109.8 °F) on Australia Day 1940 at the Brisbane Regional ... but temperatures above 38 °C (100 °F) are uncommon. On 19 July 2007, Brisbane's temperature fell below the freezing point for ...
Treatments of the nerve in this temperature range are reversible. Nerves treated in this temperature range experience a ... The use of cold for pain relief and as an anti-inflammatory has been known since the time of Hippocrates (460-377 B.C). Since ... Treatments of the nerve in this temperature range are irreversible. Nerves treated in this temperature range experience a ... Temperatures below -100 °C are damaging to nerves. CRYO-S PAINLESS Cryoanalgesia device is the next generation of apparatus ...
... aquic soil moisture regime Cryolls-cold climate; frigid or cryic soil temperature regime Gelolls-very cold climate; mean annual ... Such soils are known as Molliturbels or Mollorthels and provide the best grazing land in such cold climates because they are ... soil temperature < 0 °C Rendolls-lime parent material Udolls-humid climate; udic moisture regime Ustolls-subhumid climate; ... not acidic like many other soils of very cold climates. Other soils which have a mollic epipedon are classified as Vertisols ...
Most men die because they cannot survive the cold temperature. Roger allows Constance to "mate" with him after she explains ... It is cold inside and when he approaches his girlfriend's room he finds a dead man with his mouth wide open. He then spots two ... He finds her room is unlocked and he decides to sneak in, finding that it is very cold inside. But when the girls suddenly ... Luke has discovered that, while the aliens love the cold, they hate heat. Luke has also discovered that Gibby is dead at this ...
Some methods like cold trap are available for temperature assessment. The cold trap denotes the existence of large amount of ... Temperature Method. This method is the least reliable of all the assessment methods. The low reliability of this method rests ... These traps take a temperature drop below the saturation curve to open and remove condensate. These traps can perform this by a ... Thermostatic traps These remove condensate through the temperature difference of steam vs the liquid phase. The valve is driven ...
Summers are warm but short and winters are very cold. Transitional seasons have significant variations of temperature between ... Granby has a humid continental climate (Dfb). It has significant variations of temperature with four distinct seasons. ...
... the coldest month on record was January 1930 with a mean temperature of 23.1 °F (−4.9 °C). Snow occurs in almost every winter, ... Temperatures cool off quickly in the autumn, especially in November, but daytime temperatures can be warm (80s to low 90s) into ... July has a normal mean temperature of 83.0 °F (28.3 °C). On average, temperatures reach 90 °F (32 °C) on 70 days per year and ... January has a normal mean temperature of 39.2 °F (4.0 °C), but temperatures reach freezing on an average 71 days and fail to ...
Quartier Militaire is known for its cold temperature in Mauritius. The coolest temperature ever recorded in Quartier-Militaire ...
A temperature of 0-5 °C for at least 25 days is required. Water before the cold period is also necessary. Favorable ... Mitchell D.T. (1968). "Some effects of temperature on germination of sclerotia in Claviceps purpurea". Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. ... temperatures for stroma production are in the range of 10-25 °C. Favorable temperatures for mycelial growth are in the range of ... Sclerotia germinate in spring after a period of low temperature. ... need of fresh temperatures during winter, etc.). It germinates ...
January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 29.2 °F (−1.6 °C). Salt Lake City's record low maximum temperature ... temperature was recorded on September 30. Temperatures cool down rapidly in fall. The first major cold fronts typically arrive ... The lack of cold fronts in summer allows the temperatures to become consistently hot due to powerful, long-lasting high ... Humidity is only high enough and temperatures cold enough for fog to occur during mid-winter, although haze and smog can be ...
A record setting 12-day cold snap in January 2010 was the coldest period since at least the 1940s. Miami receives abundant ... During this period, temperatures are in the mid 80s to low 90s (29-35 °C), accompanied by high humidity, though the heat is ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Summary of Historic Cold Episode of January 2010 Coldest 12-day Period Since At Least ... Extreme temperatures range from 27 F on February 3, 1917, to 100 °F on July 21, 1942, (−2.8 to 38 °C), the only triple-digit (° ...
January temperatures range from an average high of 54.0 °F to an average low of 27.4 °F. July temperatures range from an ... Independence, as well as most of the Owens Valley, has a high desert climate with hot summers and cold winters. ... The lowest recorded temperature was −5 °F (−21 °C) on January 9, 1937. There are an average of 97.7 days annually with highs of ... average high of 97.6 °F to an average low of 63.9 °F. The highest recorded temperature was 115 ºF (46 ºC) in June 2017.[4] ...
"Turning up the head: Temperature influences the relative importance of top-down and bottom-up effects" (PDF). Ecology. 91 (10 ... "Seasonal seawater temperature as the major determinant for populations of culturable bacteria in the sediments of an intact ...
The Miocene warming began 21 million years ago and continued until 14 million years ago, when global temperatures took a sharp ... A major and permanent cooling step occurred between 14.8 and 14.1 Ma, associated with increased production of cold Antarctic ... Further marked decreases in temperature during the Middle Miocene at 15 Ma probably reflect increased ice growth in Antarctica ... "Dynamic topography control on Patagonian relief evolution as inferred from low temperature thermochronology". Earth and ...
Once the drawing is completed, the film is "heat set" or crystallized under tension in the oven at temperatures typically above ... and cold) that would otherwise cause paper to slowly deteriorate over time. This material is used for archival quality storage ... Five layers of metallized boPET film in NASA's spacesuits make them radiation resistant and help regulate temperature. ...
In cold autumns, they sometimes change color, and turn yellow, bright-orange, or red, as various accessory pigments ( ... Other factors include the need to balance water loss at high temperature and low humidity against the need to absorb ... Deciduous plants in frigid or cold temperate regions typically shed their leaves in autumn, whereas in areas with a severe dry ... Many gymnosperms have thin needle-like or scale-like leaves that can be advantageous in cold climates with frequent snow and ...
They like to hide under rocks and stones.[13]p195 The tailed frogs, like to live in cold water habitats.[13]p199 In their ... Arctic frogs such as the wood frog, moor frog and the common frog has to live with freezing temperatures for a long time. They ... They are four-legged vertebrates which are cold blooded. Amphibians lay their eggs in water, usually in a foam nest. After ... They are only active at night, when temperatures are much cooler. It rarely rains in the desert and because of this, desert ...
... and the cold Arctic and Antarctic waters lowered temperatures in the now-isolated Atlantic Ocean. ... The formation of the isthmus had major consequences on global temperatures, because warm equatorial ocean currents were cut off ... with more meat being necessary in colder regions (which weren't populated by anatomically modern humans until c. 30,000 - c. ... which would help ensure their survival in cold regions.[35] ... periodically fluctuated between warm and cool temperatures. ...
Low relative humidity of inhaled air (particularly during cold winter seasons).[3] Evidence to support this however is weak.[4] ... "Influence of air temperature variations on incidence of epistaxis". American journal of rhinology & allergy. 29 (6): 175-81. ...
Australian diesel-electric submarines operate in a wide range of geographic and oceanographic conditions, from the cold ... requiring the submarines to handle significant variances in temperature, salinity, density, and climate. Australian submarines ...
... s have varied habitats, the northern specimen prefers to live near cold, clear water. They prefer rocky ravines, ... Like most amphibious eggs development is temperature dependent, but pickerel frog eggs usually hatch in 11-21 days.[10] ...
In cold weather, it is common for Himalayan rabbits to grow darker hairs in the middle of a white section. This is known as " ... Baby Himalayans are especially sensitive to temperature. Most babies in the warmth of the nest will look the same as albino ... If a nest gets too cold or a baby falls out, they will get dark bands on their fur. This varies from looking to off-white to ... The colder weather may darken markings, enlarge markings, and also add markings around the eyes and genitals (vent smut). These ...
Here she guards and cares for them for about five months (160 days) until they hatch.[56] In colder waters, such as those off ... Most young octopuses hatch as paralarvae and are planktonic for weeks to months, depending on the species and water temperature ... Some species are adapted to the cold, ocean depths. The spoon-armed octopus (Bathypolypus arcticus) is found in abyssal plains ... The gland may be triggered by environmental conditions such as temperature, light and nutrition, which thus control the timing ...
English actor Clive Standen has said that filming on location in freezing temperatures has been "tough but fun".[26] On 24 ... Rob tells her that he is cold but otherwise comfortable, and asks her to name their baby Sarah, dying soon afterwards. ... "First Look: Jason Clarke Faces the Cold in Baltasar Kormákur's 'Everest'". firstshowing.net. Archived from the original on 21 ...
In Japan, sake is served chilled (reishu 冷酒), at room temperature (jōon 常温 or hiya 冷や), or heated (atsukan 熱燗), depending on ... where the flask is heated in hot water and the small cups ensure that the sake does not get cold in the cup, but may also be ... In cheap bars, sake is often served room temperature in glass tumblers and called koppu-zake (コップ酒). In more modern restaurants ... There are gradations of temperature both for chilling and heating, about every 5 °C (9.0 °F), with hot sake generally served ...
A gene from rice (Osmyb4), which codes for a transcription factor, that was shown to increase cold and drought tolerance in ... The fruits produced were not visibly damaged after being stored at room temperature for 45 days, whereas unmodified tomatoes ... This resulted in increased drought tolerance, but did not appear to have any effect on cold tolerance.[18] Overexpressing a ...
Cold light. Comparison of resulted colors as shot by the digital camera for different light qualities (color temperature): ...
Temperature tends to decrease and moisture content to increase in the immediate vicinity of a tornado.[50] ... They are formed when fast moving cold, dry outflow air from a thunderstorm is blown through a mass of stationary, warm, moist ... For example, an increase in the sea surface temperature of a source region (e.g. Gulf of Mexico and Mediterranean Sea) ... In addition to winds, tornadoes also exhibit changes in atmospheric variables such as temperature, moisture, and pressure. For ...
When night arrived, the temperature dropped to −5 °C (23 °F), and the spacecraft's hatch had been blown open by explosive bolts ... The government news agency, TASS, reported that, "outside the ship and after returning, Leonov feels well"; however, post-Cold ... Doctors reported that Leonov nearly suffered heatstroke - his core body temperature increased by 1.8 °C (3.2 °F) in 20 minutes ...
Na + H2 → NaH (at high temperatures). NaH + H2O → NaOH + H2. Reaction with carbon ... All the alkali metals react vigorously or explosively with cold water, producing an aqueous solution of a strongly basic alkali ... The alkali metals are all shiny, soft, highly reactive metals at standard temperature and pressure and readily lose their ... Lodders, Katharina (2003). "Solar System Abundances and Condensation Temperatures of the Elements". The Astrophysical Journal. ...
The 12-cell tower is only used for supplementary cooling of the cold (return) cooling canal as necessary in order to maintain ... The dump valves closed, increasing the back pressure and slowing the inlet flow, while the cooling temperatures caused further ... Prior to 2000, supplemental cooling was provided via spray canals (spray systems installed in both the hot and cold (return) ... The single 12-cell cold (return) canal cooling tower is fed by 24 pumps rated at 8,800 US gallons per minute (0.56 m3/s) each ( ...
... important at low temperatures where substances are less volatile and therefore less pungent, Sulimov dogs are small-sized and ... herder hybrids were bred as sniffer dogs because jackals have a superior sense of smell and Lapponian herders are good cold ...
This study shows that as the ocean temperatures rise species are beginning to travel into the cold and harsh Arctic waters. ... There are three main types of abiotic factors: climatic factors consist of sunlight, atmosphere, humidity, temperature, and ...
When the cold bath approaches the absolute zero temperature, it is necessary to eliminate the entropy production divergence at ... guaranteeing that at absolute zero the entropy production at the cold bath is zero: S. ˙. c. =. 0. {\displaystyle {\dot {S}}_{c ... then the bath is cooled to zero temperature in a finite time, which implies a valuation of the third law. It is apparent from ... No process is possible whose sole result is the transfer of heat from a body of lower temperature to a body of higher ...
Since fish gelatin melts at a lower temperature than gelatins of other meats, fish aspic is more delicate and melts more ... The stock ingredients are simmered starting with cold water.. *Stocks are simmered gently, with bubbles just breaking the ...
... is a hypothesized type of nuclear reaction that would occur at, or near, room temperature. This is compared with ... "Scientists in possible cold fusion breakthrough", AFP, retrieved 24 March 2009. *^ Broad, William J. (13 April 1989), "'Cold ... Cold fusion. This article is about the Fleischmann-Pons claims of nuclear fusion at room temperature, and subsequent research. ... The claims of cold fusion, however, are unusual in that even the strongest proponents of cold fusion assert that the ...
They will then stay there for a matter of months until the calf has developed enough blubber to survive the bitter temperatures ... Although whales are widespread, most species prefer the colder waters of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, and migrate to ... A similar program was used by the Russian Navy during the Cold War, in which belugas were also trained for antimining ... such as cold seeps and hydrothermal vents.[86] ...
By using temperature variations in their surroundings, or by remaining cold when they do not need to move, reptiles can save ... Some reptiles exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination (TDSD), in which the incubation temperature determines whether a ... While the optimum temperature is often encountered when the animal is active, the low basal metabolism makes body temperature ... Preferred temperatures versus optimal performance temperatures of lizards. Evolution No. 4, vol 5: pp. 1098-1115 PDF ...
Because larva cannot enter into diapause they cannot survive cold temperatures.[14] ... It cannot overwinter in below freezing temperatures,[5][6] so it only survives the winter in the most southern regions of the ... The larva process lasts from 14 to 30 days, again depending on temperatures.[4] The mature caterpillar is about 1.5-2.0 inches ... Duration and survival of the pupal stage depend on the temperature of the environment.[15] ...
Cold War * sw:Cold War. Colonialism * sw:Colonialism. Color * sw:Color. Colosseum * sw:Colosseum. Comet * sw:Comet. Comics * sw ... Temperature * sw:Halijoto. Tennis * sw:Tennis. Terrorism * sw:Ugaidi. Thailand * sw:Thailand. The Art of War * sw:Ufundi wa ... Common cold * sw:Common cold. Commonwealth of Independent States * sw:Commonwealth of Independent States. Commonwealth of ...
This variation is due to the chimney effect in the ventilation pattern of the mine tunnel system; in cold seasons, fresh air ... the temperatures of electronics crates and the status of the compensating coils used to cancel the geomagnetic field. When any ...
Shop for great Cold Temperature toys & games from Zazzle. Get poker chips, playing cards, ping pong paddles, dart boards & more ... A glass of cold beer on a table with a view of a jigsaw puzzle ... In the cold season, the Murray valley is often Jigsaw Puzzle £ ...
The coldest morning will likely be Friday morning. Lows will be in the upper 20s to low 30s for the Northshore. A freeze Watch ... A cold front will move through overnight and bring us cooler weather for Wednesday. Tuesday we had highs near 80, but Wednesday ... Get Ready For Some Cold Temperatures. A cold front will move through overnight and bring us cooler weather for Wednesday. ... Get Ready For Some Cold Temperatures. A cold front will move through overnight and bring us cooler weather for Wednesday. ...
Life threatening cold temperatures and icy weather conditions have hit the Midwest and the Northeast United States this ... Big Government, Pre-Viral, cold temperatures, icy conditions, Maryland, Montana, North Dakota, Northern U.S., virginia, Weather ... "Life threatening" cold temperatures and icy weather conditions have hit the Midwest and the Northeast United States this ... cold and an increased risk of frostbite if exposed ten minutes or less to the temperatures outside. ...
When water temperatures drop to 68 degrees or below, manatees can suffer from cold stress. In Brevard County this year, ... In Brevard County, colder temperatures are driving manatees to warmer waters. Dozens of manatees have converged on one ... Manatees have migrated to warmer waters in Central Florida to escape cold temperatures. ... Manatees have migrated to warmer waters in Central Florida to escape cold temperatures. ...
These new mission requirements translate into service temperatures as low as -100oF and as high as 275oF, in the presence of ... BENEFIT: These new o-rings could be utilized by the oil industry, NASA high altitude research vehicles, cold regions military ... chemically resistant O-ring compound that retains its mechanical properties over a wide range of temperatures. The performance ...
The Canadian exercise physiologist (and an American College of Sports Medicine fellow) loves the feeling of cold air on his ... Michael Bracko loves to work out in the cold. ... In the cold, the body has to work harder to keep blood flowing ... Exercising in the cold does come with some potential dangers. Below freezing temperatures mean higher risk of hypothermia, so ... "As far as the temperature goes, if you are just warm enough and you are used to exercising, there is no temperature you cant ...
... cold temperature, winter, built structure, building exterior, architecture, day, sky, no people, nature, outdoors, scenics, ...
The temperature of the environment is one of the major factors which has... ... Ashwood-Smith M.J. (1970) Effects of Low Temperatures on Microorganisms, Plants, and Cold-Blooded Animals. In: Smith A.U. (eds ... Payne, N. M., "Freezing and survival of insects at low temperatures," J. Morph., 43, 521-546 (1927).CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... The temperature of the environment is one of the major factors which has to be considered. As a science ecology is of great ...
How cold will it be? Take a look at our gallery. ... Were in the midst of bitter cold temperatures that will stay ...
WXII 12 Chief Meteorologist Lanie Pope tells more cold mornings ahead with temps dipping down into the single digits, windy ... Lanies Forecast: Windy & Cold Temperatures. WXII 12 Chief Meteorologist Lanie Pope tells more cold mornings ahead with temps ... Lanies Forecast: Windy & Cold Temperatures. WXII 12 Chief Meteorologist Lanie Pope tells more cold mornings ahead with temps ... Lanies Forecast: Windy & Cold Temperatures. WXII 12 Chief Meteorologist Lanie Pope tells more cold mornings ahead with temps ...
NEW HAVEN, Conn. - The Harvard (9-8, 2-1 Ivy) bats went quiet in the final game of the three-game series with rival Yale (3-15, 1-2 Ivy) as the Crimson dropped the series finale, 7-0, on a cold Sunday afternoon.. Yale found the holes early and took advantage of a defensive miscue in the bottom of the second to jump out in front, 3-0. It proved to be enough for Bulldog pitcher Miranda Papes, who quelled a potent Crimson offense, the last two games, for seven innings allowing just three hits.. Making her fifth start behind the dish, sophomore backstop Lindey Kneib went two-for-three, including a two-out double to straightaway center field in the top of the second. Senior center fielder Maddy Kaplan extended her hitting streak to nine games, beating out a bunt single in the top of the first. Junior left-hander Kathleen Duncan took the loss, dropping her bac to 6-6 on the season after allowing three runs, only two earned, on three hits in two innings of work. After entering the game with the bases ...
Louis Department of Health is urging residents to prepare for an extended period of extreme cold temperatures and the first ... Cold Temperatures and Accumulating Snow Predicted. Residents are urged to prepare for an extended period of extreme cold ... Louis Department of Health is urging residents to prepare for an extended period of extreme cold temperatures and the first ... Louis Department of Health is advising residents to remember the following tips to staying safe in extremely cold temperatures: ...
The law says your employer must protect you from cold weather exposure. If they fail, and youre injured in an accident, ... Working in cold temperatures? Your rights, the law and how to claim compensation if youve been mistreated. The law says your ... Too cold at work? Heres what you can do and your rights working in low temperatures ... Sore throats can be a pain and are often the first signs of a cold. Heres a few of our best tips to help you get rid of it ...
Youngsters recently learned all about the science of cold temperatures in Boca Raton. The Childrens Science Explorium at Sugar ... "We wanted to focus more on the science of extreme temperatures and extreme cold," Peete said. ... Youngsters recently learned all about the science of cold temperatures in Boca Raton. ... One demonstration used blocks of dry ice that have temperatures of minus 109 degrees. Neal showed campers how soap bubbles can ...
Including produce packaging and cold weather moving & storage. Rank #5 in Standard Carton Sealing (Clear & Colored BOPP Film) ... Shurtape HP-232 Cold Temperature Performance Packaging Tape is specifically engineered for cold temperature case sealing ... Shurtape HP-232 Cold Temperature Performance Packaging Tape is specifically engineered for cold temperature case sealing ... Shurtape HP-232 Cold Temperature Performance Packaging Tape *Adhesive: synthetic rubber-resin hot melt How are adhesives ...
AOPA has been an advocate for a procedure to be in place that will allow pilots to correct for unusually cold temperatures when ... Cold Temperature Restricted AirportsCold Temperature Restricted Airports The Issue. In the 1990s, the FAA began researching the ... Below is a presentation that will explain more about the safety implications of cold temperatures on altimeters, how the Cold ... How does the procedure account for temperature inversions, such as when the surface temperature is much colder than at altitude ...
Its easy to get cold quickly if you are outside in wet, windy, or cold weather. Cold temperature exposure can also happen if ... How long were you exposed to cold temperatures?. *Have you had cold injuries before? Do you have any continuing problems ... Being exposed to cold temperatures in your workplace, such as working in cold-storage units ... Teach children to avoid touching cold metal with bare hands or licking extremely cold metal objects. Cold is transmitted more ...
Its essential to know what health concerns you may face, and how to avoid any temperature-related problems. ... Extreme cold temperatures. As with high temperatures, dont rely solely on the thermometer reading of environmental air for ... To treat heatstroke, cover yourself with cold, damp cloths or take a cold bath to normalize your body temperature. Get out of ... exposing skin to extremely cold temperatures, especially when exercising and sweating. *becoming damp or wet in cold ...
... The public health consequences of cold and heat temperature extremes are substantial. ... Extreme Cold Because they are less able to regulate their body temperature than adults, children exposed to extreme cold can ... Extreme Temperatures Heat and cold stress are environmental hazards. Because of their unique physiology, children are more ... These temperature extremes can result from natural or manmade causes. Natural causes include heat waves, unseasonably cold ...
Dropping temperatures can lead to dry eyes, as insufficient tears cause pain and irritation. The eyes depend on ... Dropping temperatures can lead to dry eyes, as insufficient tears cause pain and irritation. The eyes depend on tears to ... For those who suffer from dry eye syndrome, the colder weather, dry air, and wind can make their condition even worse. Los ... Studies have shown that colder weather causes the oily substance in tears to become too thick to spread on the eyes surface." ...
Thermometer in cold outdoors weather.. Considerations. Regardless of temperature, painting any exterior surface can be done ... What Temperature Is Too Cold for Exterior Paint? By Carrie Thomas eHow ... What Temperature Is Too Cold for Exterior Paint? ... Davis Paint: Cold Weather Painting *National Association of ... While the quality of the finished paint isnt lost by painting in cold weather, even the best paints for cold weather do see an ...
... 5 - 9 October 2015, Bostong, United States ... 13th Cold Chain GDP & Temperature Management Logistics Global Forum. October 5-9, 2015. Seaport Hotel & Seaport World Trade ... IQPCs 13th Cold Chain GDP & Temperature Management Logistics Global Forum brings more than 800 supply chain stakeholders ... Join us in Boston at the Seaport Hotel & Seaport World Trade Center from October 5-9, 2015 and be a part of the cold chain ...
2018)‎. Cold room temperature mapping studies: evidence brief. World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/ ...
Your having problems regulating your temperature. A flu should be making you have a high temperature(to burn the virus out) ... My body temperature is 91.1 degrees F but I feel like Im going in and out of a fever and this is making my head feel very ... When the body temperature fluctuates up and down with a headache, it usually means that you have an infection. You do not say ...
But the coming cold snap could be really hard on them. But theres nothing I can do, really, other than take their picture. ... The temperature started cold and kept dropping through the day, with a strong wind just for fun. I fear for these ducks. They ... Cold Ducks January 5, 2015. The temperature started cold and kept dropping through the day, with a strong wind just for fun. I ... But the coming cold snap could be really hard on them. But theres nothing I can do, really, other than take their picture. ...
Shop cold temperature travel mugs featuring designs from independent artists. Made with stainless steel. Worldwide shipping ...
A rectal temperature is considered the most accurate body temperature. A normal rectal body temperature ranges from 97.5°F ( ... Hypothermia and Cold Temperature Exposure. Skip to the navigation Topic Overview. What is hypothermia?. Hypothermia occurs when ... Your body temperature can drop to a low level at temperatures of 50°F (10°C) or higher in wet and windy weather, or if you are ... Sometimes a normal, healthy adult has a low body temperature, such as 96°F (36°C). If the person with the low body temperature ...
Our design offers a strong backing and aggressive adhesive specially engineered to provide secure and durable closures in cold ... Cold Temperature Box Sealing Tape 3721 is an industrial cold temperature packaging tape engineered with a polypropylene film ... Specially Designed to Combat the Cold Specially designed for cold temperature applications, Scotch® Cold Temperature Box ... Cold Temperature Box Sealing Tape 3721 is a great solution for those cold temperature applications. As an industrial cold ...
Cold Steel (citywide)--a cop-versus-killer yarn--is that its just plain boring. This by-the-books thriller is inane, ... The quirkiness of "Cold Steels" plot (MPAA-rated R, for language and graphic violence) is in no way reflected in the films ... The hard truth about "Cold Steel" (citywide)--a cop-versus-killer yarn--is that its just plain boring. This by-the-books ...
Find professional Cold Temperature videos and stock footage available for license in film, television, advertising and ... Browse 183,244 cold temperature stock videos and clips available to use in your projects, or search for cold or ice to find ... freezing cold women in snow storm white out trying to keep warm by blowing into his hands - cold temperature stock videos & ... girl sitting on a park bench in the cold weather and trying to warm herself - cold temperature stock videos & royalty-free ...
Minimum Temperature. Mature mango trees can withstand air temperatures to as low as 25 degrees Fahrenheit for only a few hours ... Tender flowers and small fruits may be damaged or die and drop off when exposed to a temperature of 40 F for even a few hours. ... When faced with an imminent cold spell, young trees can also be covered with a blanket, the corners pulled outward and anchored ... It thrives only in tropical locales and will not survive exposure to cold conditions. In the United States, the tree is ...
A woman passes a board on a building, displaying the local time, temperature, humidity and air pressure in Yakutsk ... Latest snow reports: bitterly cold but more snow is on its way ...
Bitterly cold temperatures to linger for days. Hard freeze warnings remain in effect for much of the country with wind chill ... Bitterly cold temperatures to linger for days. Hard freeze warnings remain in effect for much of the country with wind chill ...
Some of the literature lists sensitivity to cold as one of the effects of... ... How cold are we talking? I\ve lived in northern Iowa for quite a while and remember times when we were officially colder than ... What my doc told me is that the sensativity to cold means that i will get colder faster at a higher temp than others and that i ... My feet and hands get cold very easy, and once they are cold, there is nothing that is going to warm them up. Nothing like a -7 ...
... highlights the importance of considering cold temperature variability, and not just warming temperatures, when evaluating the ... "In some cases, exposure to cold temperatures was harmful. For instance: exposure to cold temperatures during the egg phase made ... including harmful cold-temperature regimes. It is important to note that while these cold temperatures may not always be deadly ... These findings reveal the importance of considering cold-temperature variability, and not just warming temperatures, when ...
At worlds first cold temperature gym, you still feel the burn. Classes are taught in studios cooled down to as low as 45 ... In colder (but not too cold) spaces, "All your body has to worry about is performing because its not working hard to dump heat ... Cold, hard facts?. Martin and Adamic say cold weather gets a bad rap-thats its misunderstood. Most people, for example, ... Cold is the impetus for Brrrn, but the concept is undeniably more primal for the duo: "This is a 45-minute experience-a time to ...
... its working on a software update to fix user complaints that the new iPhone X screen becomes unresponsive when temperatures ... Apple recommends people use iPhones and iPads between temperatures of 32 degrees and 95 degrees. Colder temperatures could ... Some users said their phones became unresponsive or inaccurate in colder temperatures and in some cases they had to lock and ... Apple update to fix iPhone X cold temperature problem. By Danielle Haynes ...
WHY IS IT GETTING SO COLD?. Unusually warm temperatures has been a feature of Winter 2019 in Australia. In an average winter, ... The feels like temperature is making it feel far colder.. Across most of NSW and Victoria, the extent of extreme winter ... A good dusting of #snow on the ranges around the tracking station today as the cold front moves through #Canberra.. Our onsite ... "Well see temperatures really plummet and snow levels down to 500m in Victoria and NSW and blizzard conditions in Alpine areas ...
... Weather.gov , Aberdeen, SD , August 18-19 Heavy Rain and Cold Temperatures ... Additionally, unseasonably cold air accompanied the system leading to several record low maximum temperatures. You may have ...
But should we be so dismissive of low temperatures? Read about the health benefits of being cold. ... Winters here now, temperatures are dropping, and chances are that itll get even colder. All that most of us want to do is ... Cold temperatures activate brown fat, the bodys heat-generating fuel.. Our bodies store two types of fat: white and brown. ... One study published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation found that exposure to cold temperatures can activate brown fat ...
Hearst Television participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on purchases made through our links to retailer sites.. ...
With bitter cold temperatures gripping Long Island, health professionals are advising residents how to cope and stay safe while ... Tips for coping with the bitter cold temperature on Long Island. Temperatures hit a record low of 24 degrees in New York City ... With bitter cold temperatures gripping Long Island, health professionals are advising residents how to cope and stay safe while ... But even in the comfort of your own ... 8 tips to avoid hurting yourself while shoveling The cold and snow are not just an ...
... which must be adapted to cope with environmental temperature changes. In this study, we demonstrated natural variations in the ... Temperature is critical for the survival and proliferation of animals, ... This cultivation-temperature-dependent cold tolerance occurs within a few hours after the temperature shift and is termed cold ... The cold acclimation assay is capable of measuring the rate of acclimation to a new temperature. In a temperature shift from 25 ...
And search more of iStocks library of royalty-free stock images that features Cold Temperature photos available for quick and ... Download this Cold Winterday In Helsinki photo now. ... Cold winterday in Helsinki - Stock image. .... Finland, ...
But cold temperatures are responsible for almost all temperature-related deaths, according to a new study published in the ... But cold temperatures are responsible for almost all temperature-related deaths, according to a new study published in the ... patients who died because of cold temperatures were responsible for 94% of temperature-related deaths, even though hypothermia ... as well as since there are fewer cold weather days overall, people dont have time to acclimate to cold when those rarer cold ...
  • Adhesive: all-temperature adhesive developed to provide good room temperature performance and excellent cold temperature performance. (blancolabels.com)
  • For the first leg of the study, the researchers kept mice at either room temperature or near-freezing temperatures. (science.news)
  • When water temperatures drop to 68 degrees or below, manatees can suffer from cold stress. (wftv.com)
  • Frostbite occurs if your skin reaches minus one degrees centigrade, which it can in higher air temperatures if you're handling frozen foods, metal, or are wet. (mirror.co.uk)
  • Hypothermia is when the core body temperature falls below 95 degrees and is potentially dangerous. (lispine.com)
  • President Donald Trump tweeted his stance on the issue saying, " In the beautiful Midwest, windchill temperatures are reaching minus 60 degrees, the coldest ever recorded. (helixcharter.net)
  • Air temperature is measured by an ordinary thermometer in degrees Celsius (°C) or degrees Fahrenheit (°F). (ccohs.ca)
  • The combined effect of cold air and wind speed is expressed simply as the "wind chill" temperature in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit. (ccohs.ca)
  • Below freezing temperatures mean higher risk of hypothermia , so it's important to cover the most vulnerable body parts, like the tips of fingers and toes, and your nose and ear lobes. (time.com)
  • Cold stress covers conditions ranging in seriousness, and includes chilblains, frostbite and hypothermia. (mirror.co.uk)
  • Hypothermia is very serious, and occurs when body temperature falls too low. (mirror.co.uk)
  • Extreme cold can cause two potentially serious conditions: hypothermia and frostbite. (lispine.com)
  • Extremely cold temperatures can increase the risk of developing hypothermia. (lispine.com)
  • The interesting thing about hypothermia is that you can develop it at any temperature, so it doesn't have to be 10 below zero. (lispine.com)
  • These recommendations were developed to protect workers from the severest effects of cold stress (hypothermia) and cold injury. (ccohs.ca)
  • The body is designed to work best at a constant core temperature of 38-39 o C. The body maintains this temperature by gaining heat from food and muscular work or by losing it through convection, conduction, radiation and sweating. (toronto.ca)
  • It's actually unusual to develop frostbite while working out in the cold. (time.com)
  • frostbite is more common when people who aren't able to move are exposed to frigid temperatures and wind for extended periods of time. (time.com)
  • The following chart from Environment Canada describes the health concerns and potential for frostbite when being outside at various temperatures. (ccohs.ca)
  • When in direct contact with skin, metal handles conduct heat away from the body and should be insulated, where practicable, when temperatures drop below -1 o This reduces the risk of frostbite. (toronto.ca)
  • When bitterly cold temperatures hit, you have to be careful to avoid staying out in the frigid air for too long. (lispine.com)
  • The National Weather Service in St. Louis is predicting extremely cold temperatures beginning on Saturday, January 9, 2016, through Wednesday, January 13, 2016. (stlouis-mo.gov)
  • Residents should avoid exposure to low temperatures for extended periods of time, especially at-risk populations, such as the elderly, those with functional needs, people with pre-existing health conditions, and small children. (stlouis-mo.gov)
  • Pets should not be exposed to extremely low temperatures for extended periods of time. (stlouis-mo.gov)
  • If you're left outside for extended periods, you're more likely to succumb to the cold. (mirror.co.uk)
  • For information on the general effects of working in the cold as well as how the body adapts to cold, please see Cold Environments - General . (ccohs.ca)
  • For information on the health effects and first aid for cold exposures, please see Cold Environments - Health Effects and First Aid . (ccohs.ca)
  • This reduces the work time in cold environments and thus exposure to cold. (toronto.ca)
  • In Brevard County this year, wildlife officials said they have only seen very minor cold stress on some animals, nothing that warranted intervention or rescue. (wftv.com)
  • Unfortunately, since the weather has been fluctuating so much, we already had some manatees that died of cold stress this season," said Cora Berchem, a manatee research specialist. (wftv.com)
  • If they're incubating an illness, the stress of prolonged cold can make the illness develop faster, or make it worse. (guineapigcages.com)
  • Just like humans, I'd guess that being cold puts stress on the body and suppresses the immune system, making it more likely that a pig would get a URI or other infection. (guineapigcages.com)
  • The results showed formation of an antifreeze protein with MW of about 20 KD in response to cold stress. (sid.ir)
  • It was also found that the activity of SOD, APX and CAT increased in tea leaves due to cold stress. (sid.ir)
  • The activity of SOD increased down to -8 o C. APX and CAT increased their activity down to -5 o C. On the other hand, the lipid per oxidation factor, MDA, was also elevated in response to the cold stress. (sid.ir)
  • This work schedule has been adopted by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) as Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) for cold stress. (ccohs.ca)
  • Note: ACGIH has published a "notice of intended change" for their recommendations for cold stress. (ccohs.ca)
  • assistance to supervisors and health and safety staff in addressing health and safety concerns related to cold stress. (toronto.ca)
  • The management of cold stress requires an understanding of how the body regulates temperature, the contributing factors to cold stress and how cold stress may affect a worker. (toronto.ca)
  • Factors contributing to cold-stress related injuries. (toronto.ca)
  • For example, when the actual air temperature of the wind is 5 o C and its velocity is 55 km/h, the exposed skin would perceive these conditions as if the equivalent still air temperature were -2 o C. The Wind Chill Temperature Index (Appendix A) is the best known and the most used of the cold stress indices. (toronto.ca)
  • Other major factors contributing to cold stress include inadequate or wet clothing, worker's age, health, physical condition, use of medication and level of acclimatization. (toronto.ca)
  • The attached " Cold Stress Hazards Information Sheet" defines the primary types of cold-stress related injuries and provides information on their causes, signs and symptoms, treatment and prevention. (toronto.ca)
  • Various types of control measures in different combinations can be used to prevent or minimize cold-stress related injuries. (toronto.ca)
  • Engineering controls change the conditions so that the level of cold stress is reduced. (toronto.ca)
  • It is important to provide adequate recovery time from cold stress exposures. (toronto.ca)
  • BLANCO's Direct Thermal Cold Temperature labels have a smooth white paper with a medium sensitivity thermal coating. (blancolabels.com)
  • Experimental design techniques will be utilized for systematically developing the optimized formulation resulting in a unique, low cost, high strength, chemically resistant O-ring compound that retains its mechanical properties over a wide range of temperatures. (sbir.gov)
  • Most exercise professionals recommend that people with health conditions stick to indoor activities when temperatures dip outside. (time.com)
  • Is it really necessary to carry out the work in cold weather conditions? (mirror.co.uk)
  • Conditions Cold temperatures, what happens? (guineapigcages.com)
  • The recommendations also describe exposures to cold working conditions under which it is believed nearly all workers can be repeatedly exposed without adverse health effects. (ccohs.ca)
  • Appropriate rest breaks should be determined based on environmental conditions (i.e. temperature and wind speed). (toronto.ca)
  • Though the process is currently irreversible, McKenny says if pharmaceutical companies can develop a drug that will make the effect temporary, it could be useful for patients with certain conditions that make them hypersensitive to cold temperatures. (infowars.com)
  • Because of its cold- temperature properties and good adhesion to corrugated cardboard it is an ideal adhesive for warehouse applications. (blancolabels.com)
  • In the cold, the body has to work harder to keep blood flowing to these appendages, since the smallest vessels in the extremities tend to constrict in order to keep blood in the body's core for warmth. (time.com)
  • Pores are those tiny little hair follicles in your skin that allow you to sweat, thereby regulating body temperature, and secret sebum, which naturally moisturizes your skin ( Discovery Health ). (futurederm.com)
  • A recent study published in the journal Cell Metabolism found that 12-HEPE, a lipid produced by the body in response to cold temperatures, may help reduce blood sugar levels . (science.news)
  • White adipose tissue stores excess energy as fat while the latter converts energy from food into heat and helps regulate body temperature. (science.news)
  • Not only is your body keenly aware of the danger cold poses, it's got a whole arsenal of natural defense," Moalem said. (science.news)
  • It just has to be below your body temperature. (lispine.com)
  • How the body responds to cold. (toronto.ca)
  • Thousands of years ago, the Earth's average temperatures dropped abruptly, plunging the continents into deeper snow and causing the death of many life forms, including humans. (science.news)
  • But clearly, the human race survived this abrupt ice age, and that was likely because of a genetic trait that helped humans withstand the cold, said Dr. Sharon Moalem, an author and researcher whose primary interests lay in evolution, genetics and biology. (science.news)
  • Scientists at the University of Southern California have found a way to turn off the neuron responsible for sensing cold in mice, and it could help humans who have extreme sensitivities to cold temperatures. (infowars.com)
  • One kilocalorie is the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by 1°C. (ccohs.ca)
  • This factor is a measurement of a heat loss rate caused by exposure to wind and is expressed in temperature-like units. (ccohs.ca)
  • The infection would still be caused by the bacteria, but the cold is definitely a contributing factor. (guineapigcages.com)
  • Although the warmer temperatures will bring relief, they will also bring more problems such as flooding and crumbling roads. (helixcharter.net)
  • The physical environment is also important and the subject matter of this chapter is in the last resort self defeating in ecological terms as it is neither possible nor perhaps correct to isolate for study one aspect of the physical environment, low temperature, in order to discuss in detail its implications in the life of animals, plants and microorganisms. (springer.com)
  • The main concern about important commercial plants such as tea is the formation of ice crystals in low temperatures. (sid.ir)
  • Warm spring waters are a sanctuary from cold weather that can kill manatees. (wftv.com)
  • But for the rest of us, they say that cold weather shouldn't be a deterrent to exercising outdoors. (time.com)
  • City of St. Louis Animal Care and Control (ACC) also urges residents to consider the safety of pets during cold weather. (stlouis-mo.gov)
  • The law says your employer must protect you from cold weather exposure. (mirror.co.uk)
  • If you believe you've suffered a cold-weather injury due to a failure in your employer's duty of care - you could be entitled to seek compensation . (mirror.co.uk)
  • Medical professionals observed that many diabetes cases are diagnosed during winter, prompting them to suggest a link between diabetes and cold weather . (science.news)
  • Some scientists believe that if there is any link between diabetes and a cold weather, it's likely a product of human evolution. (science.news)
  • A cold weather emergency can happen relatively quickly, especially with children. (lispine.com)
  • The weather is now responsible for 21 deaths and hundreds more have been rushed to the hospitals for cold-related injuries. (helixcharter.net)
  • The Weather Channel even went as far as to say it is "one of the coldest Midwest outbreaks in a generation. (helixcharter.net)
  • Despite the intensity of the cold winds, temperatures are supposed to bounce back into spring-like weather. (helixcharter.net)
  • Jeff Masters, Weather Underground Meteorology Director, states, "I don't think there's ever been a case where we've seen [such a big] shift in temperatures. (helixcharter.net)
  • Cold first affects the skin, cooling the blood in the peripheral capillaries. (toronto.ca)
  • Residents are urged to prepare for an extended period of extreme cold temperatures and the first accumulating snow of the season. (stlouis-mo.gov)
  • Extreme low temperatures can be dangerous to people. (stlouis-mo.gov)
  • Pet owners who fail to provide proper shelter and care for companion animals in extreme temperatures may be charged with cruelty to animals and prosecuted. (stlouis-mo.gov)
  • It can be used as a general guideline for deciding clothing requirements and the possible health effects of cold. (ccohs.ca)
  • What is the wind chill temperature? (ccohs.ca)
  • Wind chill, which is cooling effect of the combination of temperature and air velocity, is an important factor in the evaluation of the outdoor environment. (toronto.ca)
  • If work is performed continuously in the cold at or below a wind chill temperature of -7°C, heated warming shelters (tents, cabins, rest rooms, etc.) should be made available nearby. (toronto.ca)