An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
The sensation of cold, heat, coolness, and warmth as detected by THERMORECEPTORS.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
An alcohol produced from mint oils or prepared synthetically.
Cellular receptors which mediate the sense of temperature. Thermoreceptors in vertebrates are mostly located under the skin. In mammals there are separate types of thermoreceptors for cold and for warmth and NOCICEPTORS which detect cold or heat extreme enough to cause pain.
A subgroup of TRP cation channels named after melastatin protein. They have the TRP domain but lack ANKYRIN repeats. Enzyme domains in the C-terminus leads to them being called chanzymes.
Adaptation to a new environment or to a change in the old.
The sudden sensation of being cold. It may be accompanied by SHIVERING.
Agents, usually topical, that relieve itching (pruritus).
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
A broad group of eukaryotic six-transmembrane cation channels that are classified by sequence homology because their functional involvement with SENSATION is varied. They have only weak voltage sensitivity and ion selectivity. They are named after a DROSOPHILA mutant that displayed transient receptor potentials in response to light. A 25-amino-acid motif containing a TRP box (EWKFAR) just C-terminal to S6 is found in TRPC, TRPV and TRPM subgroups. ANKYRIN repeats are found in TRPC, TRPV & TRPN subgroups. Some are functionally associated with TYROSINE KINASE or TYPE C PHOSPHOLIPASES.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.
The reproductive organs of plants.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)
Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.
A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Double-strand break repair in yeast requires both leading and lagging strand DNA polymerases. (1/6450)

Mitotic double-strand break (DSB)-induced gene conversion at MAT in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was analyzed molecularly in mutant strains thermosensitive for essential replication factors. The processivity cofactors PCNA and RFC are essential even to synthesize as little as 30 nucleotides following strand invasion. Both PCNA-associated DNA polymerases delta and epsilon are important for gene conversion, though a temperature-sensitive Pol epsilon mutant is more severe than one in Pol delta. Surprisingly, mutants of lagging strand replication, DNA polymerase alpha (pol1-17), DNA primase (pri2-1), and Rad27p (rad27 delta) also greatly inhibit completion of DSB repair, even in G1-arrested cells. We propose a novel model for DSB-induced gene conversion in which a strand invasion creates a modified replication fork, involving leading and lagging strand synthesis from the donor template. Replication is terminated by capture of the second end of the DSB.  (+info)

Gibberellic acid stabilises microtubules in maize suspension cells to cold and stimulates acetylation of alpha-tubulin. (2/6450)

Gibberellic acid is known to stabilise microtubules in plant organs against depolymerisation. We have now devised a simplified cell system for studying this. Pretreatment of a maize cell suspension with gibberellic acid for just 3 h stabilised protoplast microtubules against depolymerisation on ice. In other eukaryotes, acetylation of alpha-tubulin is known to correlate with microtubule stabilisation but this is not established in plants. By isolating the polymeric tubulin fraction from maize cytoskeletons and immunoblotting with the antibody 6-11B-1, we have demonstrated that gibberellic acid stimulates the acetylation of alpha-tubulin. This is the first demonstrated link between microtubule stabilisation and tubulin acetylation in higher plants.  (+info)

Perturbation of mammalian cell division. III. The topography and kinetics of extrusion subdivision. (3/6450)

If mitotic-arrested, cold-stored HeLa cells are incubated at 37 degrees C a proportion of the population divides by an aberrant process which we have called subdivision by extrusion. This process has been studied by time-lapse photography and shown to differ from normal cleavage in several respects. The cell surface becomes more generally mobile and, instead of producing the precisely localized furrowing activity of cytokinesis, gives rise to multiple surface protrusions. These protrusions enlarge at the expense of the parent cell and develop into a cluster of small daughter cells (mini segregants). The surface structure of the cell, as seen by scanning electron microscopy, also changes; the microvilli characteristic of interphase, metaphase and cleaving HeLa cells are lost during extrusion and the cell surface becomes smooth. Extrusion activity is much more variable than division by cleavage in terms of both topography and kinetics, and in general takes longer to complete. Some cells in the cold-treated populations divide by mixtures of cleavage and extrusion or by cleavage alone. The relative numbers of cells dividing in different ways vary with the conditions of pretreatment and incubation of the mitotic cells. The greater the perturbation (e.g. longer cold storage), the greater the proportion of extruding rather than cleaving cells. Human diploid cells can also be induced to subdivide by extrusion. Possible mechanisms underlying the different types of division activity are discussed.  (+info)

Low temperature and pressure stability of picornaviruses: implications for virus uncoating. (4/6450)

The family Picornaviridae includes several viruses of great economic and medical importance. Poliovirus replicates in the human digestive tract, causing disease that may range in severity from a mild infection to a fatal paralysis. The human rhinovirus is the most important etiologic agent of the common cold in adults and children. Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes one of the most economically important diseases in cattle. These viruses have in common a capsid structure composed of 60 copies of four different proteins, VP1 to VP4, and their 3D structures show similar general features. In this study we describe the differences in stability against high pressure and cold denaturation of these viruses. Both poliovirus and rhinovirus are stable to high pressure at room temperature, because pressures up to 2.4 kbar are not enough to promote viral disassembly and inactivation. Within the same pressure range, FMDV particles are dramatically affected by pressure, with a loss of infectivity of more than 4 log units observed. The dissociation of polio and rhino viruses can be observed only under pressure (2.4 kbar) at low temperatures in the presence of subdenaturing concentrations of urea (1-2 M). The pressure and low temperature data reveal clear differences in stability among the three picornaviruses, FMDV being the most sensitive, polio being the most resistant, and rhino having intermediate stability. Whereas rhino and poliovirus differ little in stability (less than 10 kcal/mol at 0 degrees C), the difference in free energy between these two viruses and FMDV was remarkable (more than 200 kcal/mol of particle). These differences are crucial to understanding the different factors that control the assembly and disassembly of the virus particles during their life cycle. The inactivation of these viruses by pressure (combined or not with low temperature) has potential as a method for producing vaccines.  (+info)

CspI, the ninth member of the CspA family of Escherichia coli, is induced upon cold shock. (5/6450)

Escherichia coli contains the CspA family, consisting of nine proteins (CspA to CspI), in which CspA, CspB, and CspG have been shown to be cold shock inducible and CspD has been shown to be stationary-phase inducible. The cspI gene is located at 35.2 min on the E. coli chromosome map, and CspI shows 70, 70, and 79% identity to CspA, CspB, and CspG, respectively. Analyses of cspI-lacZ fusion constructs and the cspI mRNA revealed that cspI is cold shock inducible. The 5'-untranslated region of the cspI mRNA consists of 145 bases and causes a negative effect on cspI expression at 37 degrees C. The cspI mRNA was very unstable at 37 degrees C but was stabilized upon cold shock. Analyses of the CspI protein on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed that CspI production is maximal at or below 15 degrees C. Taking these results together, E. coli possesses a total of four cold shock-inducible proteins in the CspA family. Interestingly, the optimal temperature ranges for their induction are different: CspA induction occurs over the broadest temperature range (30 to 10 degrees C), CspI induction occurs over the narrowest and lowest temperature range (15 to 10 degrees C), and CspB and CspG occurs at temperatures between the above extremes (20 to 10 degrees C).  (+info)

A cold-active glucanase from the ruminal bacterium Fibrobacter succinogenes S85. (6/6450)

We previously characterized two endoglucanases, CelG and EGD, from the mesophilic ruminal anaerobe Fibrobacter succinogenes S85. Further comparative experiments have shown that CelG is a cold-active enzyme whose catalytic properties are superior to those of several other intensively studied cold-active enzymes. It has a lower temperature optimum, of 25 degrees C, and retains about 70% of its maximum activity at 0 degrees C, while EGD has a temperature optimum of 35 degrees C and retains only about 18% of its maximal activity at 0 degrees C. When assayed at 4 degrees C, CelG exhibits a 33-fold-higher kcat value and a 73-fold-higher physiological efficiency (kcat/Km) than EGD. CelG has a low thermal stability, as indicated by the effect of temperature on its activity and secondary structure. The presence of small amino acids around the putative catalytic residues may add to the flexibility of the enzyme, thereby increasing its activity at cold temperatures. Its activity is modulated by sodium chloride, with an increase of over 1.8-fold at an ionic strength of 0.03. Possible explanations for the presence of a cold-active enzyme in a mesophile are that cold-active enzymes are more broadly distributed than previously expected, that lateral transfer of the gene from a psychrophile occurred, or that F. succinogenes originated from the marine environment.  (+info)

The role of the sympathetic nervous system in the regulation of leptin synthesis in C57BL/6 mice. (7/6450)

The objectives of this study were to determine whether leptin synthesis is regulated by the sympathetic nervous system and if so whether beta-adrenergic receptors mediate this effect. We show that sympathetic blockade by reserpine increases leptin mRNA levels in brown but not white adipose tissue, while acute cold-exposure decreases leptin expression 10-fold in brown adipose tissue and 2-fold in white adipose tissue. The cold-induced reduction in leptin mRNA can be prevented by a combination of propranolol and SR 59230A but not by either antagonist alone, indicating that beta3-adrenergic receptors and classical beta1/beta2-adrenergic receptors both mediate responses to sympathetic stimulation. Circulating leptin levels reflect synthesis in white adipose tissue but not in brown adipose tissue.  (+info)

Differential regulation of uncoupling protein-1, -2 and -3 gene expression by sympathetic innervation in brown adipose tissue of thermoneutral or cold-exposed rats. (8/6450)

The control of uncoupling protein-1, -2 and -3 (UCP-1, UCP-2, UCP-3) mRNA levels by sympathetic innervation in rats was investigated by specific and sensitive RT-PCR assays. In rats reared at thermoneutrality (25 degrees C), unilateral surgical sympathetic denervation of interscapular brown adipose tissue (BAT) markedly reduced the UCP-1 mRNA level (-38%) as compared with the contralateral innervated BAT pad, but was without significant effect on UCP-2 and -3 mRNA levels. Cold exposure (7 days, 4 degrees C) markedly increased UCP-1 (+180%), UCP-2 (+115%) and UCP-3 (+195%) mRNA levels in interscapular BAT. Unilateral sympathetic denervation prevented the cold-induced rise in BAT UCP-1 and UCP-2 mRNAs, but not that in BAT UCP-3 mRNA. Results were confirmed by Northern blot analysis. These data indicate a differential endocrine control of UCP-1, UCP-2 and UCP-3 gene expression in rat BAT both at thermoneutrality and during prolonged cold exposure.  (+info)

"Cold temperature" is a relative term and its definition can vary depending on the context. In general, it refers to temperatures that are lower than those normally experienced or preferred by humans and other warm-blooded animals. In a medical context, cold temperature is often defined as an environmental temperature that is below 16°C (60.8°F).

Exposure to cold temperatures can have various physiological effects on the human body, such as vasoconstriction of blood vessels near the skin surface, increased heart rate and metabolic rate, and shivering, which helps to generate heat and maintain body temperature. Prolonged exposure to extreme cold temperatures can lead to hypothermia, a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by a drop in core body temperature below 35°C (95°F).

It's worth noting that some people may have different sensitivities to cold temperatures due to factors such as age, health status, and certain medical conditions. For example, older adults, young children, and individuals with circulatory or neurological disorders may be more susceptible to the effects of cold temperatures.

Thermosensing refers to the ability of living organisms to detect and respond to changes in temperature. This is achieved through specialized proteins called thermosensors, which are capable of converting thermal energy into chemical or electrical signals that can be interpreted by the organism's nervous system. Thermosensing plays a critical role in regulating various physiological processes, such as body temperature, metabolism, and development. In medicine, understanding thermosensing mechanisms can provide insights into the treatment of conditions associated with impaired temperature regulation, such as fever or hypothermia.

Temperature, in a medical context, is a measure of the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment. It is usually measured using a thermometer and reported in degrees Celsius (°C), degrees Fahrenheit (°F), or kelvin (K). In the human body, normal core temperature ranges from about 36.5-37.5°C (97.7-99.5°F) when measured rectally, and can vary slightly depending on factors such as time of day, physical activity, and menstrual cycle. Elevated body temperature is a common sign of infection or inflammation, while abnormally low body temperature can indicate hypothermia or other medical conditions.

A "cold climate" is not a medical term, but rather a geographical and environmental term. However, it is often used in the context of discussing health and medical issues, as cold climates can have various effects on human health.

In general, a cold climate is defined as a region where the average temperature remains below 15°C (59°F) throughout the year or where winter temperatures are consistently below freezing. These climates can be found in high latitudes, such as in the Arctic and Antarctic regions, as well as in mountainous areas at higher altitudes.

Exposure to cold temperatures can have both positive and negative effects on human health. On the one hand, cold weather can help to reduce inflammation and may have some benefits for people with certain medical conditions, such as multiple sclerosis. However, exposure to extreme cold can also increase the risk of hypothermia, frostbite, and other cold-related injuries.

Additionally, cold climates can exacerbate respiratory problems, such as asthma and bronchitis, and may increase the risk of developing respiratory infections like the common cold or flu. People with heart conditions may also be at greater risk in cold weather, as their blood vessels constrict to conserve heat, which can increase blood pressure and put additional strain on the heart.

Overall, while cold climates are not inherently "medical" in nature, they can have significant impacts on human health and well-being, particularly for vulnerable populations such as the elderly, young children, and people with chronic medical conditions.

Menthol is a compound obtained from the crystals of the mint plant (Mentha arvensis). It is a white, crystalline substance that is solid at room temperature but becomes a clear, colorless, oily liquid when heated. Menthol has a cooling and soothing effect on mucous membranes, which makes it a common ingredient in over-the-counter products used to relieve symptoms of congestion, coughs, and sore throats. It is also used as a topical analgesic for its pain-relieving properties and as a flavoring agent in various products such as toothpaste, mouthwashes, and candies.

Thermoreceptors are specialized sensory nerve endings or neurons that are sensitive to changes in temperature. They detect and respond to heat or cold stimuli by converting them into electrical signals that are transmitted to the brain for interpretation. These receptors are found throughout the body, particularly in the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs. There are two main types of thermoreceptors: warm receptors, which respond to increasing temperatures, and cold receptors, which react to decreasing temperatures. The information provided by thermoreceptors helps maintain homeostasis and protect the body from harmful temperature changes.

Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin (TRPM) cation channels are a subfamily of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel superfamily, which are non-selective cation channels that play important roles in various cellular processes such as sensory perception, cell proliferation, and migration.

The TRPM subfamily consists of eight members (TRPM1-8), each with distinct functional properties and expression patterns. These channels are permeable to both monovalent and divalent cations, including calcium (Ca^2+^) and magnesium (Mg^2+^).

TRPM channels can be activated by a variety of stimuli, such as changes in temperature, voltage, osmolarity, and chemical ligands. For example, TRPM8 is known to be activated by cold temperatures and menthol, while TRPV1 is activated by heat and capsaicin.

Dysregulation of TRPM channels has been implicated in various pathological conditions, including pain, neurodegenerative diseases, and cancer. Therefore, understanding the structure and function of these channels may provide insights into potential therapeutic targets for these conditions.

Acclimatization is the process by which an individual organism adjusts to a change in its environment, enabling it to maintain its normal physiological functions and thus survive and reproduce. In the context of medicine, acclimatization often refers to the body's adaptation to changes in temperature, altitude, or other environmental factors that can affect health.

For example, when a person moves from a low-altitude area to a high-altitude area, their body may undergo several physiological changes to adapt to the reduced availability of oxygen at higher altitudes. These changes may include increased breathing rate and depth, increased heart rate, and altered blood chemistry, among others. This process of acclimatization can take several days or even weeks, depending on the individual and the degree of environmental change.

Similarly, when a person moves from a cold climate to a hot climate, their body may adjust by increasing its sweat production and reducing its heat production, in order to maintain a stable body temperature. This process of acclimatization can help prevent heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke.

Overall, acclimatization is an important physiological process that allows organisms to adapt to changing environments and maintain their health and well-being.

"Chills" is a medical term that refers to the sensation of shivering or feeling cold despite being in a warm environment. It is often accompanied by goosebumps on the skin and can be a symptom of various medical conditions, such as infections, hypothermia, or certain medications. During chills, the muscles involuntarily contract and relax rapidly to produce heat, causing the body temperature to rise in an attempt to fight off infection or illness. It is important to seek medical attention if experiencing persistent or severe chills, especially when accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, cough, or chest pain.

Antipruritics are a class of medications or substances that are used to relieve or prevent itching (pruritus). They work by reducing the sensation of itchiness and can be applied topically to the skin, taken orally, or administered intravenously. Some common antipruritics include diphenhydramine, hydroxyzine, and corticosteroids.

In a medical context, "hot temperature" is not a standard medical term with a specific definition. However, it is often used in relation to fever, which is a common symptom of illness. A fever is typically defined as a body temperature that is higher than normal, usually above 38°C (100.4°F) for adults and above 37.5-38°C (99.5-101.3°F) for children, depending on the source.

Therefore, when a medical professional talks about "hot temperature," they may be referring to a body temperature that is higher than normal due to fever or other causes. It's important to note that a high environmental temperature can also contribute to an elevated body temperature, so it's essential to consider both the body temperature and the environmental temperature when assessing a patient's condition.

Body temperature regulation, also known as thermoregulation, is the process by which the body maintains its core internal temperature within a narrow range, despite varying external temperatures. This is primarily controlled by the hypothalamus in the brain, which acts as a thermostat and receives input from temperature receptors throughout the body. When the body's temperature rises above or falls below the set point, the hypothalamus initiates responses to bring the temperature back into balance. These responses can include shivering to generate heat, sweating to cool down, vasodilation or vasoconstriction of blood vessels to regulate heat loss, and changes in metabolic rate. Effective body temperature regulation is crucial for maintaining optimal physiological function and overall health.

Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are a type of ion channel proteins that are widely expressed in various tissues and cells, including the sensory neurons, epithelial cells, and immune cells. They are named after the transient receptor potential mutant flies, which have defects in light-induced electrical responses due to mutations in TRP channels.

TRP channels are polymodal signal integrators that can be activated by a diverse range of physical and chemical stimuli, such as temperature, pressure, touch, osmolarity, pH, and various endogenous and exogenous ligands. Once activated, TRP channels allow the flow of cations, including calcium (Ca2+), sodium (Na+), and magnesium (Mg2+) ions, across the cell membrane.

TRP channels play critical roles in various physiological processes, such as sensory perception, neurotransmission, muscle contraction, cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. Dysfunction of TRP channels has been implicated in a variety of pathological conditions, including pain, inflammation, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic disorders, and cancer.

There are six subfamilies of TRP channels, based on their sequence homology and functional properties: TRPC (canonical), TRPV (vanilloid), TRPM (melastatin), TRPA (ankyrin), TRPP (polycystin), and TRPML (mucolipin). Each subfamily contains several members with distinct activation mechanisms, ion selectivity, and tissue distribution.

In summary, Transient Receptor Potential Channels are a group of polymodal cation channels that play critical roles in various physiological processes and are implicated in many pathological conditions.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "seasons" is not a term that has a medical definition. Seasons refer to the four divisions of the year (spring, summer, autumn or fall, and winter) based on the position of the earth in its orbit around the sun. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

Body temperature is the measure of heat produced by the body. In humans, the normal body temperature range is typically between 97.8°F (36.5°C) and 99°F (37.2°C), with an average oral temperature of 98.6°F (37°C). Body temperature can be measured in various ways, including orally, rectally, axillary (under the arm), and temporally (on the forehead).

Maintaining a stable body temperature is crucial for proper bodily functions, as enzymes and other biological processes depend on specific temperature ranges. The hypothalamus region of the brain regulates body temperature through feedback mechanisms that involve shivering to produce heat and sweating to release heat. Fever is a common medical sign characterized by an elevated body temperature above the normal range, often as a response to infection or inflammation.

"Freezing" is a term used in the medical field to describe a phenomenon that can occur in certain neurological conditions, most notably in Parkinson's disease. It refers to a sudden and temporary inability to move or initiate movement, often triggered by environmental factors such as narrow spaces, turning, or approaching a destination. This can increase the risk of falls and make daily activities challenging for affected individuals.

Freezing is also known as "freezing of gait" (FOG) when it specifically affects a person's ability to walk. During FOG episodes, the person may feel like their feet are glued to the ground, making it difficult to take steps forward. This can be very distressing and debilitating for those affected.

It is important to note that "freezing" has different meanings in different medical contexts, such as in the field of orthopedics, where it may refer to a loss of joint motion due to stiffness or inflammation. Always consult with a healthcare professional for accurate information tailored to your specific situation.

Physiological adaptation refers to the changes or modifications that occur in an organism's biological functions or structures as a result of environmental pressures or changes. These adaptations enable the organism to survive and reproduce more successfully in its environment. They can be short-term, such as the constriction of blood vessels in response to cold temperatures, or long-term, such as the evolution of longer limbs in animals that live in open environments.

In the context of human physiology, examples of physiological adaptation include:

1. Acclimatization: The process by which the body adjusts to changes in environmental conditions, such as altitude or temperature. For example, when a person moves to a high-altitude location, their body may produce more red blood cells to compensate for the lower oxygen levels, leading to improved oxygen delivery to tissues.

2. Exercise adaptation: Regular physical activity can lead to various physiological adaptations, such as increased muscle strength and endurance, enhanced cardiovascular function, and improved insulin sensitivity.

3. Hormonal adaptation: The body can adjust hormone levels in response to changes in the environment or internal conditions. For instance, during prolonged fasting, the body releases stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline to help maintain energy levels and prevent muscle wasting.

4. Sensory adaptation: Our senses can adapt to different stimuli over time. For example, when we enter a dark room after being in bright sunlight, it takes some time for our eyes to adjust to the new light level. This process is known as dark adaptation.

5. Aging-related adaptations: As we age, various physiological changes occur that help us adapt to the changing environment and maintain homeostasis. These include changes in body composition, immune function, and cognitive abilities.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

Skin temperature is the measure of heat emitted by the skin, which can be an indicator of the body's core temperature. It is typically lower than the body's internal temperature and varies depending on factors such as environmental temperature, blood flow, and physical activity. Skin temperature is often used as a vital sign in medical settings and can be measured using various methods, including thermal scanners, digital thermometers, or mercury thermometers. Changes in skin temperature may also be associated with certain medical conditions, such as inflammation, infection, or nerve damage.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "flowers" is not a term that has a medical definition. The term "flowers" is commonly used to refer to the reproductive structures of flowering plants (angiosperms), which are characterized by having both male and female reproductive organs or separate male and female flowers.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health conditions, I would be happy to try to help answer those for you!

Gene expression regulation in plants refers to the processes that control the production of proteins and RNA from the genes present in the plant's DNA. This regulation is crucial for normal growth, development, and response to environmental stimuli in plants. It can occur at various levels, including transcription (the first step in gene expression, where the DNA sequence is copied into RNA), RNA processing (such as alternative splicing, which generates different mRNA molecules from a single gene), translation (where the information in the mRNA is used to produce a protein), and post-translational modification (where proteins are chemically modified after they have been synthesized).

In plants, gene expression regulation can be influenced by various factors such as hormones, light, temperature, and stress. Plants use complex networks of transcription factors, chromatin remodeling complexes, and small RNAs to regulate gene expression in response to these signals. Understanding the mechanisms of gene expression regulation in plants is important for basic research, as well as for developing crops with improved traits such as increased yield, stress tolerance, and disease resistance.

The common cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract. It primarily affects the nose, throat, sinuses, and upper airways. The main symptoms include sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, cough, and fatigue. The common cold is often caused by rhinoviruses and can also be caused by other viruses like coronaviruses, coxsackieviruses, and adenoviruses. It is usually spread through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. The common cold is self-limiting and typically resolves within 7-10 days, although some symptoms may last up to three weeks. There is no specific treatment for the common cold, and management focuses on relieving symptoms with over-the-counter medications, rest, and hydration. Preventive measures include frequent hand washing, avoiding close contact with sick individuals, and not touching the face with unwashed hands.

"Plant proteins" refer to the proteins that are derived from plant sources. These can include proteins from legumes such as beans, lentils, and peas, as well as proteins from grains like wheat, rice, and corn. Other sources of plant proteins include nuts, seeds, and vegetables.

Plant proteins are made up of individual amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein. While animal-based proteins typically contain all of the essential amino acids that the body needs to function properly, many plant-based proteins may be lacking in one or more of these essential amino acids. However, by consuming a variety of plant-based foods throughout the day, it is possible to get all of the essential amino acids that the body needs from plant sources alone.

Plant proteins are often lower in calories and saturated fat than animal proteins, making them a popular choice for those following a vegetarian or vegan diet, as well as those looking to maintain a healthy weight or reduce their risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Additionally, plant proteins have been shown to have a number of health benefits, including improving gut health, reducing inflammation, and supporting muscle growth and repair.

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.

A thermometer is a device used to measure temperature. In the medical field, thermometers are commonly used to take the body temperature of patients to assess their health status. There are several types of medical thermometers available, including:

1. Digital thermometers: These are electronic devices that provide a digital readout of the temperature. They can be used orally, rectally, or under the arm (axillary).
2. Temporal artery thermometers: These thermometers use infrared technology to measure the temperature of the temporal artery in the forehead.
3. Infrared ear thermometers: These thermometers measure the temperature of the eardrum using infrared technology.
4. Pacifier thermometers: These are designed for infants and young children, and measure their temperature through the pacifier.
5. Forehead strip thermometers: These are adhesive strips that stick to the forehead and provide a temperature reading.

Medical thermometers should be properly cleaned and disinfected between uses to prevent the spread of infection. It is important to follow the manufacturer's instructions for use and storage to ensure accurate readings.

Thermography, also known as digital infrared thermal imaging (DITI), is a non-invasive diagnostic technique that uses an infrared camera to convert heat emitted from the body into electrical signals that produce images called thermograms. These images visually represent the temperature differences across the surface of the body, which can help identify abnormalities such as inflammation, injury, or disease.

Thermography is not a standalone diagnostic tool but rather an adjunctive one, used in conjunction with other medical tests and clinical evaluations to support diagnosis and treatment planning. It has been used in various medical fields, including breast oncology, rheumatology, neurology, and pain management. However, its effectiveness and accuracy are still a subject of ongoing research and debate within the medical community.

Humidity, in a medical context, is not typically defined on its own but is related to environmental conditions that can affect health. Humidity refers to the amount of water vapor present in the air. It is often discussed in terms of absolute humidity (the mass of water per unit volume of air) or relative humidity (the ratio of the current absolute humidity to the maximum possible absolute humidity, expressed as a percentage). High humidity can contribute to feelings of discomfort, difficulty sleeping, and exacerbation of respiratory conditions such as asthma.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

"New study explains Antarctica's coldest temperature". National Snow and Ice Data Center. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2021. ... "Temperature Everest Summit". Himalayan Wonders. Retrieved 2023-10-11. (Temperature calculated by averaging monthly temperatures ... Coldest Places on Earth "WMO Region VI (Europe): Lowest Temperature". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 31 October ... "Highest man-made temperature". Guinness World Records. Jim Pattison Group. Retrieved 16 August 2015. "Whole-Body Cryotherapy ...
Boyle theorizes a minimum temperature in New Experiments and Observations touching Cold. 1679 - Denis Papin - safety valve 1702 ... "Low Temperature World Record" (Press release). Low Temperature Laboratory, Teknillinen Korkeakoulu. 8 December 2000. Archived ... Of the Cold Produced by Evaporating Fluids and of Some Other Means of Producing Cold, in Essays and Observations Physical and ... 2000 - Nuclear spin temperatures below 100 pK were reported for an experiment at the Helsinki University of Technology's Low ...
Origins of heat and cold adaptations can be explained by climatic adaptation. Ambient air temperature affects how much energy ... Daanen, Hein A. M.; Lichtenbelt, Wouter D. Van Marken (2016-01-02). "Human whole body cold adaptation". Temperature. 3 (1): 104 ... The temperature that requires the least amount of energy investment is 21 °C (69.8 °F). The body controls its temperature ... Body temperature varies in every individual, but the average internal temperature is 37.0 °C (98.6 °F). Sufficient stress from ...
"Coldest temperature". BBC. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012. "2003 January". Met Office. ... East Malling's highest temperature of 37.4 °C (99.3 °F) was recorded in August 2003. The lowest temperature recorded is −17.8 ° ... The lowest temperature recorded in recent years was −10.7 °C (12.7 °F) on 20 December 2010. The Köppen Climate Classification ...
... it averaged a temperature of 6.3 °C (43.3 °F) compared to Braemar's 6.4 °C (43.5 °F), making Dalwhinnie one of the coldest ... Rogers, Simon (7 January 2010). "Jan2010 temperature". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 April 2012. "Dec2010 temperature". ... with a mean temperature of 6.6 °C (43.9 °F), lower than Leadhills and Braemar which both have mean temperatures of 6.8 °C (44.2 ... The lowest temperatures in recent years have been −15.8 °C (3.6 °F) in January 2010 and −16.1 °C (3.0 °F) during December 2010 ...
Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 1968;33:325-331. doi:10.1101/sqb.1968.033.01.037 Scotti PD. A new class of temperature ... The permissive temperature is the temperature at which a temperature-sensitive mutant gene product takes on a normal, ... In contrast, the nonpermissive temperature or restrictive temperature is the temperature at which the mutant phenotype is ... Cold sensitive mutants are variants of genes that allow normal function of the organism at higher temperatures, but altered ...
"Record Low Temperature". BBC News North Yorkshire. 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2013. "Cold weather". Yorkshire Post. 2010. ... "Plummeting temperatures and frost will put 'vulnerable lives at risk' - Ice fog on the way described as 'a driver's worst ... "UK weather forecast: Cold snap continues as mercury dips below zero and fog coats country". 19 January ... It is 2.8 miles (4.5 km) east of the A1(M). On the early morning of 3 December 2010, the weather station air temperature was − ...
A: Room temperature? B: Cold. Non-fluency features also occur when producing utterances. As people think about what to say ...
When environmental temperature is above core body temperature, sweating is the only physiological way for humans to lose heat. ... This includes adapting for heat (keeping cool) and for cold (keeping warm). Age can be a factor in a person's ability to adapt ... Humans cannot survive prolonged exposure to a wet-bulb temperature above 35 °C (95 °F). Such a temperature used to be thought ... So, when the surrounding temperature is higher than the skin temperature, anything that prevents adequate evaporation will ...
Fuhrman, MD, Joel (September 12, 2006). "The Cold Truth About Raw Food Diets". Retrieved 16 May 2012. McGee, ... Low-temperature cooking is a cooking technique that uses temperatures in the range of about 60 to 90 °C (140 to 194 °F) for a ... All four can be achieved by cooking meat at high temperature for a short time, and also by cooking at low temperature for a ... Cooking food by a low-temperature method does not necessarily imply that the internal temperature of the food is lower than by ...
... cold records at Gießen)". (in German). Retrieved August 17, 2019. "Map of maximum temperatures in Lower ... "Map of maximum temperatures in Saxony-Anhalt on July 20, 2022". "Map of maximum temperatures in Schleswig-Holstein on July 20, ... "Map of maximum temperatures in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern on July 20, 2022". "Map of minimum temperatures in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern ... "Map of daily minimum temperatures in the Saarland on January 13, 1968". "Map of daily maximum temperatures in Saxony on August ...
"Hungary Freezes in Coldest Days of Winter So Far As Temperature Sinks To Record Low". Hungary Today. 9 January 2017. Retrieved ... Rigopiano avalanche Early 2014 North American cold wave Early 2012 European cold wave 2006 European cold wave 2006 European ... During the first week of 2017, 46 (mainly homeless) people died from the cold in Poland, when temperatures fell below −20 °C (− ... On 11 January, the cold wave reached Albania, with temperatures reaching −22 °C (−8 °F) and supplies being flown in by army ...
"Coldest temperature in February". 13 February 2009. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 22 November ... Tromsø experiences a boreal climate (Köppen climate classification (Dfc/subarctic) as winter temperatures are just cold enough ... The highest temperature recorded at the met office 100 m amsl is 30.2 °C (86.4 °F) in July 1972. Tromsø recorded its first " ... That is extremely mild for a location this far north, as it is about the same as the record cold for the entire U.S. state of ...
... when outdoor temperatures are colder and heat pump efficiency is lower. As of 2023[update] ASHPs are bigger than gas boilers ... "Cold climate air source heat pumps". Retrieved 15 September 2023. "Can Heat Pumps Actually Work in Cold ... The lower heat pump output temperatures would mean radiators would have to be increased in size or a low temperature underfloor ... In insulated buildings, operation can be paused at night without significant temperature loss. Only at low temperatures, frost ...
The simplest use of cold water is for air conditioning: using the cold water itself to cool air saves the energy that would be ... Its most useful property is its temperature. At the surface of the Earth, most water and air is well above 3 °C. The difference ... This technique is sometimes referred to as "cold agriculture" or "cold-bed agriculture". Oceans portal Deep sea fish Deep ocean ... When cold water passes through a pipe surrounded by humid air, condensation results. The condensate is pure water, suitable for ...
However, overwinter mortality may be high at the northern range boundary due to colder temperatures and might limit cricket ... For this reason, extremely cold temperatures, such as those experienced in the winter, outside of tropical locations, cause ... Although the air temperature in West Siberia can drop to −10 °C, the soil temperature at the depths where these lizards ... Lee, Richard (2012). Insects at Low Temperature. Springer Science & Business Media. "How insects survive cold weather". (March ...
The average temperature of the cold season (from April to September) is about −66 °C (−87 °F), while the average temperature of ... The coldest month was August 1987 with a mean temperature of −75.4 °C (−103.7 °F) and the warmest month was December 1989 with ... The coldest wind chill was −129 °C (−200 °F) on 24 August 2005 with a real temperature of −76.7 °C (−106.1 °F). Though ... a mean temperature of −28 °C (−18 °F). In addition to the extremely cold temperatures, other factors make Vostok one of the ...
Mackintosh, Lesley (2013). "How cold is the Antarctic?". NIWA. Retrieved 11 July 2016. "Temperature Data and Activities". NIWA ... The highest recorded temperature was 6.8 °C (44.2 °F), the coolest −57 °C (−71 °F) and the mean temperature −19.6 °C (−3.3 °F ... The base has fairly typical weather conditions for coastal Antarctica, with minimum temperatures around −45 °C (−49 °F) and ...
This also counts for extreme cold; only on five days a year does the temperature stay below zero for a whole 24-hour period, ... Temperature extremes are rare; on average only 6 times a year does the daytime high exceed 25 degrees, and a high above 30 ...
The coldest recorded average annual temperature was −55.1 °C (−67.2 °F) at Vostok Station, Antarctica. The coldest average ... Hottest Temperature on Earth. Retrieved on 28 June 2008. Glenn Elert. Coldest Temperature On Earth. Archived 10 September 2007 ... The coldest air temperature ever recorded on Earth is −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F), at Vostok Station, Antarctica on 21 July 1983. The ... On Earth, temperatures usually range ±40 °C (100 °F to −40 °F) annually. The range of climates and latitudes across the planet ...
An extreme cold warning is issued by Environment Canada to inform the public about active or imminent severe cold temperatures ... The warning was issued if the temperature fell to −35 °F (−37 °C) or colder with a wind of less than 5 mph (8 km/h; 2 m/s). It ... An extreme cold warning is issued when the following temperatures are expected to last for at least two hours, which different ... Under the new system the extreme cold warning is issued based on either the temperature or the wind chill being a certain value ...
... "spin temperature". Dickey, J. M.; Mebold, U.; Stanimirovic, S.; Staveley‐Smith, L. (2000). "Cold Atomic Gas in the Small ... Thus the excitation temperature is the temperature at which we would expect to find a system with this ratio of level ... The excitation temperature can even be negative for a system with inverted levels (such as a maser). In observations of the 21 ... In statistical mechanics, the excitation temperature (Tex) is defined for a population of particles via the Boltzmann factor. ...
3. Colder (bigger) Is Better. In ectotherms, individuals reared in colder environments tend to develop to a larger body size. ... 2. Optimal Developmental Temperature. There is an ideal temperature to develop at so individuals reared at an optimal ... 2. Most studies have included stressful temperatures. Acclimation to those temperatures may decrease fitness in an individual. ... Development temperature does not affect adult fitness. The majority of tests of the beneficial adaptation hypothesis have, ...
... less relative humidity results in a greater difference between the dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures; the wet-bulb is colder. ... the wet-bulb temperature is equal to the air temperature (dry-bulb temperature); at lower humidity the wet-bulb temperature is ... The wet-bulb temperature (WBT) is the temperature read by a thermometer covered in water-soaked (water at ambient temperature) ... A wet-bulb thermometer indicates a temperature close to the true (thermodynamic) wet-bulb temperature. The wet-bulb temperature ...
These valleys trap wind inside the town and create a colder climate. The temperatures here are extremely cold for most of the ... Oymyakon is the coldest permanently inhabited human settlement on Earth, with an average winter temperature of around −50 °C (− ... "The Coldest Places on Earth". Weather Underground. Archived from the original on 19 March 2016. "World:Lowest Temperature". ... This was almost the coldest officially recorded temperature in the Northern Hemisphere (Verkhoyansk had recorded −67.8 °C (− ...
However, temperatures in the Jurassic were 3 degrees Celsius higher than present. Furthermore, they assumed that the animals ... Spotila, J. R.; O'Connor, M. P.; Dodson, P. R.; Paladino, F. V. (1991). "Hot and cold running dinosaurs. Metabolism, body ... temperature, and migration". Modern Geology. 16: 203-227. Wedel, M. J. (2003). "Vertebral Pneumaticity, Air Sacs, and the ...
Barakat, Sultan (22 June 2016). "Is the Iranian-Saudi 'cold war' heating up? How to reduce the temperature". Brookings ... The Second Cold War, also called Cold War II, Cold War 2.0, or the New Cold War, is a term describing post-Cold-War era of ... Since the US-USSR Cold War (1947-1991), a number of global and regional tensions have also been called a cold war. In his 1964 ... "The "Cold War" - How Long? (1939)". The Des Moines Register. 1939-11-15. p. 8. Retrieved 2022-02-12. "Cold War Reason (1939)". ...
"Snowy Days (47.5)". "Cold Kiandra: Record Low Temperature". The Telegraph. Brisbane: National Library of Australia. 3 August ... The lowest temperature recorded at Kiandra is −20.6 °C (−5 °F) on 2 August 1929, also the lowest temperature recorded in ... Temperature averages were compiled from 1897 to 1974 - but extreme temperature readings were not digitised until 1957. ... The highest temperature is 34.7 °C (94.5 °F), recorded during a severe heatwave in southeast Australia in January 1939. In the ...
However, temperatures in the Jurassic were 3 degrees Celsius higher than present. Furthermore, they assumed that the animals ... Spotila, J. R.; O'Connor, M. P.; Dodson, P. R.; Paladino, F. V. (1991). "Hot and cold running dinosaurs. Metabolism, body ... temperature, and migration". Modern Geology. 16: 203-227. Wedel, M. J. (2003). "Vertebral Pneumaticity, Air Sacs, and the ...
Metabolism, body temperature, and migration". Modern Geology. 16: 203-227. Farlow, J.A. (1987). "Speculations About the Diet ... Spotila, J.R.; O'Connor, M.P.; Dodson, P.R.; Paladino, F.V. (1991). "Hot and cold running dinosaurs. ...
The cold weather this week has broken two of the citys records that have stood for more than 100 years and the cold temps are ... It will be another bitter cold day, with temperatures below zero this morning and in the teens this afternoon. ... Denver experiences the citys coldest temperatures in over a century, breaking multiple records. ... DENVER - Cold weather this week has broken two Colorado records for the city of Denver that have stood for more than 100 years ...
... is a cold weather wood stabilizer designed to harden wood, restore strength, and impart resistance to water, weather, and wear. ... Can LiquidWood Cold be used when the temperature will drop below 35° within 24 hours? Such as today when the temperature will ... Cold is recommended for use in temperatures ranging from 35°F to 60°F (2°C - 16°C). For applications at higher temperatures, ... Q Can LiquidWood Cold be used when the temperature will drop below 35° within 24 hours? Such as tod...... Read more answer now ...
... cold temperatures forecast overnight. Overnight on Friday, it will be cold, with some frost and ice possible, with temperatures ... cold temperatures forecast overnight. Overnight on Friday, it will be cold, with some frost and ice possible, with temperatures ... It will be cold, with some frost and ice possible, with overnight temperatures falling between to -1°C and 3°C. ... It will be cold, with some frost and ice possible, with overnight temperatures falling between to -1°C and 3°C. ...
Toronto saw a dramatic temperature swing Wednesday that one meteorologist likened to experiencing winter and spring on the ... A drop of 10 degrees in 15 minutes: Toronto temperatures plunge as cold front arrives ... Very mild temperatures are on tap for Toronto for most of this week. Here is what you need to know. ... The day began with spring-like conditions, with the temperature reaching a high of 16.1 C at 11 a.m., which broke the record ...
... bringing with it cold enough temperatures for snowfall over night. Weather experts predict rainfall in the amount of one inch. ... Rain is expected todayand tomorrow as a system moves into Northern California, bringing with it cold enough temperatures for ...
Toronto is preparing for the coldest snap so far this year as a clipper system moves through the region Thursday, expected to ... Toronto under extreme cold warning with temperatures that will feel like -30 C ... Pets are also at risk, and owners are reminded that if its too cold for you outdoors, its too cold for your pet. ... expected to be tailed by a blast of cold Arctic air that will have it feeling as cold as -30 C overnight and into Friday. ...
Look for a drop in humidity Tuesday behind Mondays cold front. Well be dry and slightly cooler, with highs in the upper 70s ... Well feel the cold fronts chill a little more as we head into Tuesday night, with temperatures set to fall into the 50s by ... Look for a drop in humidity Tuesday behind Mondays cold front. Well be dry and slightly cooler, with highs in the upper 70s ... After the cool start, Wednesday will feature a day of below-average temperatures, with highs in the mid- to upper 70s and a ...
This is because soil temperatures are still cold, or maybe even frozen, and there are still more hours of darkness in a day ... Mother Nature has been teasing us a bit this year with warm and then cold temperatures. Ive written about this before, but ... Saving blooms from hot then cold temperatures. Weather patterns like we are experiencing this year increase the risk of loss ... We reached 28 in Champion on Tuesday morning, and lower lying areas may have experienced colder temperatures. ...
Cold plunges may boost your health in certain ways. Incorporate them into a healthy lifestyle for best results. ... Cold Plunges: How Exposing Yourself to Cold Temperatures May Reduce Fat and Fight Stress. * Post author By Mo McNulty ... Are Cold Plunges Safe?. If you attempt a cold plunge, its important to understand that water temperatures affect your body ... Cold Temperatures and Circulation. Exposing your tissues to the cold shocks your system. You start breathing faster, your blood ...
The Shannonside Region is recording some of the coldest temperatures nationwide as the cold snap continues. ... Shannonside region records coldest temperature nationwide overnight. Dec 14, 2022 11:25 By Shannonside News Share this article ... The Shannonside Region is recording some of the coldest temperatures nationwide as the cold snap continues. ... A new orange weather alert for ice and cold temperatures will come into effect for 19 counties from 6 oclock this evening. ...
Seasonal illness and cold concept, and discover more than 1 Million Professional Stock Photos on Freepik ... Download this Premium Photo about The sick woman lies on couch with temperature. ... The sick woman lies on couch with temperature. Seasonal illness and cold concept. ...
Make sure your soil temperature is at least 45 degrees before you put anything in the ground. ... Make sure your soil is at a temperature of at least 45 degrees before you put anything in the ground. You can test it with a ... According to employees at Van Attas Greenhouse and Flower Shop, although it's April and the temperatures are unseasonably ...
The fridge is too warm insideThe temperature is too high in the fridgeThe fridge emits a high-temperature alarmThe fridge is ... Temperature in the fridge-freezer is too high, too warm, not cooling or not cold Temperature in the fridge-freezer is too high ... Temperature in the fridge-freezer is too high, too warm, not cooling or not cold navigateToTop ... Measure the temperature with a thermometer in a glass of water placed inside the fridge. If the temperature is between +4 to +5 ...
... Wang, Y.B.; Zhu, K. ... In cold perfusion vessels with a diameter larger than 0.3 mm must be treated individually. The obvious temperature change in ... Temperature and heat stress of vessels during cold perfusion of kidney. Login ... The temperature of the kidney decreased from 37℃ to about 0℃ by perfusion. During the kidney perfusion process, the ...
C for up to 5 days with no external cold source. The 4 strengths of this innovative packaging solution can be summarised as ... controlled packaging which ensures that heat sensitive pharmaceutical products are maintained at a constant temperature of +5 ° ... Studies and news on the pharmaceutical cold chain > News Focus on the iBox, a cold chain shipping packaging with temperature- ... Temperature profile A temperature profile simulates the variations of temperature in a logistics circuit, from the moment the ...
Controlant explains how end-to-end cold chain monitoring and temperature control can prevent food spoilage, lengthen shelf life ... This means that end-to-end cold chain monitoring and temperature control to avoid spoilage and lengthen shelf life is more ... FSMA and the Cold Chain: What You Need to Know about Temperature Monitoring. ... We know as consumers not to eat a piece of meat that sat out on our kitchen counter at room temperature all day, but we have no ...
... with some saying the arctic air could break record-low temperatures in the Maritimes. ... An extreme cold warning has been issued across the region, ... Temperatures are expected to be even colder in New Brunswick, ... An extreme cold warning has been issued across the region, with some saying the arctic air could break record-low temperatures ... It would be a good idea, because of the wind and cold temperatures, to have that boiler up and running. ...
Customers travelling on the 5.17am service from Oban to Glasgow complained of temperatures going as low as 2.5 degrees Celsius. ... "Were sorry to customers who have experienced discomfort during their journey as a result of cold temperatures on board our ... ScotRail has been slammed over near freezing temperatures on some of its West Highhland line trains (Image: ScotRail) ... "We continue to look into longer-term solutions and funding options which could improve on-board temperatures for our passengers ...
Cold chain temperature monitoring devices allow businesses to store and transport their temperature-sensitive assets in ... What is Temperature Monitoring?. Temperature monitoring is crucial in facilitating the optimal delivery of temperature, ... Our cold chain temperature monitoring devices are programmed to periodically or continuously scan for nearby BLE accessories ... Cold chain temperature monitoring devices and IoT technology assist in centralizing operations to actively monitor and regulate ...
C above or below ambient laboratory temperature (~ −35 to 85 °C) was ... A temperature-controlled sample stage with an operational range of ~60 ° ... for characterizing mirabilite-bearing samples from a Mars analog High Arctic perennial cold spring at an in situ temperature. ... A temperature-controlled sample stage with an operational range of ~60 °C above or below ambient laboratory temperature (~ −35 ...
In Media Hot and Cold, Nicole Starosielski examines the cultural dimensions of temperature to theorize the ways heat and cold ... Thermal Mediation: Critical Temperature Studies and the Digital Cold - Guest lecture by Nicole Starosielski on 20 Jan 2022 at 4 ... Thermal Mediation: Critical Temperature Studies and the Digital Cold - Guest lecture by Nicole Starosielski on 20 Jan 2022 at 4 ... Thermal Mediation: Critical Temperature Studies and the Digital Cold - Guest lecture by Nicole Starosielski on 20 Jan 2022 at 4 ...
Increased Soil Temperature and Decreased Precipitation During Early Life Stages Constrain Grass Seedling Recruitment in Cold ... Increased Soil Temperature and Decreased Precipitation During Early Life Stages Constrain Grass Seedling Recruitment in Cold ... Increased Soil Temperature and Decreased Precipitation During Early Life Stages Constrain Grass Seedling Recruitment in Cold ...
Going Hot and Cold in February. People in eastern North America shivered through February 2015, while those in the western part ... and temperatures drop; greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere, and temperatures climb. From 1650 to 1710, temperatures ... Unusual July Temperatures. If you live in the northern hemisphere, the past few weeks have been strange. In places where it ... Already in the midst of a colder-than-average period called the Little Ice Age, Europe and North America went into a deep ...
... Morehead State Public Radio , By Sydney Graham, ... Geertson added that along with inclement weather, the cold front passing through will cause temperatures to plummet. ... "Out ahead of the front Wednesday morning, well most likely be in the sixties with our temperatures," he said. "Once that front ... Officials with the National Weather Service in Jackson said a cold front is bringing the chance for thunderstorms into the area ...
Based on the act of 2009/136/SE of the EU, we would like to inform you that our website utilizes cookie technology in order to record how users reach our site and collect statisticks about it.. ...
In many turtles, warm temperatures during incubation create females. Cold temperatures, males. But no one understands why. A ... Temperature is a factor in determining whether the embryo will be male or female. If the eggs are incubated at 78.8 degrees F, ... To deal with cold environments, mammals have several options. They could produce heat by increasing metabolism or shivering or ... Unlike the recent heat waves in the US, Australia, Russia and Europe, this cold snap did not, repeat did not set any all time ...
Cedarlane Cold Chain Solutions has the largest selection of packaging material and solutions for shipping Temperature Sensitive ... These low temperatures are unusual in the vaccine cold chain. The deviation is causing all those involved in the vaccine supply ... Logic Temperature Recorder. Temperature Data Loggers Dont Just Track - They Provide Proof. Flowers, chocolate, and fine foods ... The LOG•IC Temperature Recorder is an easy-to-use temperature logger available in single- and multi-use variants. Prepare your ...
Take a look at Star Plastics Cold Temperature Impact PC case study! This case study highlights how Star Plastics helps grow ... Star Plastics Cold Temperature Impact Modified PC Copolymer material with extreme low temperature ductility combined with ... and provides superior impact when compared to general-purpose PC at temperatures of -40°C. Additionally, the improved flow of ...
Ive been wishing forever for an outdoor z-wave temperature sensor that can withstand cold temperatures, and am wondering if ... Ive been wishing forever for an outdoor z-wave temperature sensor that can withstand cold temperatures, and am wondering if ... My question is: does this limit represent the lowest temperature at which the device will be accurate, or the temperature ... I monitor a home in the Adirondacks with a ZWave system, where it can get very cold some winters, reaching -20F on occasion. ...
Sensitivity to cold and dry temperatures can affect people with fibromyalgia. To treat these effects you must know how to... ... This is geared toward if you live in a cold, dry region or if youre internal microbiome has become cold and dry. The cold, dry ... And as we have always emphasized, if your body is experiencing this kind of fibromyalgia sensitivity to cold & dry temperature ... In particular, when it comes to fibromyalgia sensitivity to cold & dry temperatures, you could be experiencing a heavy load. ...
  • Hypothermia can set in when the core temperature drops to 35 °C (95 °F). Hyperthermia can set in when the core body temperature rises above 37.5-38.3 °C (99.5-100.9 °F). Humans have adapted to living in climates where hypothermia and hyperthermia were common primarily through culture and technology, such as the use of clothing and shelter. (
  • Hypothermia is when core body temperature drops below 95°F (35°C). Hypothermia usually occurs at very cold temperatures, but it can even happen at mild temperatures (around 50°F) if a person becomes chilled from rain, sweat, or being in cold water. (
  • The result is hypothermia, or abnormally low body temperature. (
  • Symptoms of hypothermia can vary depending on how long you have been exposed to the cold temperatures. (
  • Cold water immersion creates a specific condition known as immersion hypothermia. (
  • Hypothermia is dangerously low body temperature, below 95°F (35°C). (
  • Victims of severe hypothermia should be removed from the cold environment with as little exertion as possible. (
  • Because children are less able to regulate their body temperature than adults, exposure to extreme cold can quickly lead to dangerously low body temperatures (i.e., hypothermia). (
  • Denver set a new record low maximum temperature for Feb. 22 of 8 degrees, breaking the old record of 13 degrees that was set in 1913. (
  • In contrast to February 2016, the warm spell in April of this year included days longer than night, soils without frost and soil temperatures above 50 degrees Fahrenheit, all followed by temperatures above freezing. (
  • Temperatures at 28 degrees will lead to approximately a 10% loss of apple blossoms, and 90% loss can be expected at 26 degrees. (
  • Make sure your soil is at a temperature of at least 45 degrees before you put anything in the ground. (
  • According to a 2020 Stanford University School of Medicine study , the average body temperature may have fallen over the years and 98.6 degrees is no longer a one-size-fits-all measurement, leading many towards questioning what a "normal" reading should look like. (
  • Customers claimed the on-board temperatures on some West Highland line services - calling at Helensburgh Upper, Garelochhead, Arrochar & Tarbet, and Ardlui - sometimes dropped as low as 2.5 degrees Celsius. (
  • Air temperature inside the food prep cold room averaged 43.1 degrees F and 40.8 degrees F in the international cold food room. (
  • Any exposed skin can develop frostbite within minutes at such extremes, and even the most winter-hardened Toronto residents are encouraged to treat this cold front seriously. (
  • Frostbite is an injury that occurs when skin is exposed to freezing temperatures. (
  • Early signs of frostbite include numbness, tingling, stinging, or pain in areas of the body most exposed to the cold. (
  • In extremely cold temperatures, the risk of frostbite is increased in workers with reduced blood circulation and among workers who are not dressed properly. (
  • As he crosses the hemispheres, Santa may be exposed to both cold and heat extremes. (
  • Children and adults respond to cold extremes by shivering, developing 'goose bumps,' and experiencing lethargy and a slow heart rate. (
  • The first is shivering, which occurs in an unclothed person when the ambient air temperature is under 25 °C (77 °F). It is limited by the amount of glycogen available in the body. (
  • Population studies have shown that the San tribe of Southern Africa and the Sandawe of Eastern Africa have reduced shivering thermogenesis in the cold, and poor cold-induced vasodilation in fingers and toes compared to that of Caucasians. (
  • As the global leader in accurate thermometry, we understand the evolving nature of healthcare systems, and we know how important accuracy is in any professional or at-home setting when taking a person's temperature, especially when evaluating children, elderly and immunocompromised individuals who are experiencing symptoms of respiratory illnesses like influenza or COVID-19," said Dr. Frank Pompei, Founder and CEO of Exergen. (
  • If a person's body temperature is below 95°F or has any of the above symptoms, get medical attention immediately. (
  • A common complaint among patients with cold agglutinin disease is painful fingers and toes with purplish discoloration associated with cold exposure. (
  • Prolonged exposure to cold will eventually use up your body's stored energy. (
  • Nonfreezing injuries that occur from exposure to cold wet conditions include trench foot and immersion foot conditions. (
  • LiquidWood - Cold is recommended for use in temperatures ranging from 35°F to 60°F (2°C - 16°C). For applications at higher temperatures, standard LiquidWood is recommended. (
  • These natural cold autoantibodies occur at low titers, less than 1:64 measured at 4°C, and have no activity at higher temperatures. (
  • Wind chill advisories remain in effect until noon for the eastern plains of Colorado and parts of the Denver metro area, and temperatures should climb into the low teens in the Denver area on Wednesday. (
  • Double-digit daytime highs are in the forecast for Toronto on Sunday and Monday, as temperatures climb to 11 C and 12 C each day, respectively. (
  • greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere, and temperatures climb. (
  • One study also found that cold showers may help reduce symptoms of depression. (
  • said Dr. Audrey Sue Cruz, a Board-Certified Internal Medicine Physician and Electrical Engineer who recently partnered with Exergen to help educate the public about the importance of being vigilant about accurate temperature readings when evaluating symptoms of illness. (
  • The iBox uses advanced technology to automatically regulate the temperature inside the packaging in order to compensate for fluctuations in the outside temperature. (
  • Cold chain temperature monitoring devices and IoT technology assist in centralizing operations to actively monitor and regulate asset temperature across the entire supply chain process. (
  • Toronto is preparing for the coldest snap so far this year as a clipper system moves through the region Thursday, expected to be tailed by a blast of cold Arctic air that will have it feeling as cold as -30 C overnight and into Friday. (
  • The Shannonside Region is recording some of the coldest temperatures nationwide as the cold snap continues. (
  • This means that end-to-end cold chain monitoring and temperature control to avoid spoilage and lengthen shelf life is more critical than ever. (
  • Learn how to avoid cold weather injuries and what to do if you find yourself in a dangerous situation due to the cold. (
  • Take steps to avoid cold weather injuries. (
  • Avoid severe cold. (
  • At 3 p.m., the temperature in the city dipped at the freezing mark - a 16-degree drop within just four hours. (
  • It is also likely for temperatures to drop below freezing relatively soon after the warm temperatures, essentially stopping any plant growth. (
  • Freezing temperatures cause ice crystals to form within the cells of the plants, which poke holes in the cell membranes. (
  • Freezing showers, ice baths, cold plunges - cooling off is a super-hot wellness trend. (
  • You can read articles about people taking freezing showers every morning for a month, see TikToks of influencers dunking themselves in ice baths, and hear people discussing cold plunges on health-related podcasts. (
  • ScotRail have apologised to passengers after complaints over "freezing" temperatures on some Helensburgh and Lomond train services. (
  • Extreme temperatures of this magnitude pose serious risks, with Environment Canada specifying the danger to "young children, older adults, people with chronic illnesses, people working or exercising outdoors, and those without proper shelter. (
  • As part of the lecture series at the research group Biotechnology, Nature and Society and the ERC project CRYOSOCIETIES , we invite you to a guest lecture by Nicole Starosielski (Associate Professor of Media, Culture & Communication, NYU Steinhardt) on "Thermal Mediation: Critical Temperature Studies and the Digital Cold" on 20 January 2022 at 4:15 pm. (
  • It will be another bitter cold day, with temperatures below zero this morning and in the teens this afternoon. (
  • Highest afternoon temperatures will be 5°C to 8°C in moderate, occasionally fresh and gusty westerly winds. (
  • Afternoon temperatures will be 7°C to 10°C in light to moderate northwest winds. (
  • Northwesterly winds gusting 70 to 80 km/h accompanied the arrival of the cold front on Wednesday afternoon. (
  • The Weather Authority is tracking a cool Tuesday morning start with seasonal afternoon temperatures, bringing in suns and clouds. (
  • Temperatures are expected to be even colder in New Brunswick, with the windchill forecast expected to be in the -40C range. (
  • Most people get cold injuries because of accidents, severe unexpected weather, or poor planning. (
  • Other types of cold injuries that affect the limbs are called peripheral cold injuries. (
  • Cold-related conditions can also worsen musculoskeletal injuries (see holiday ergo blog) and vascular disorders. (
  • A real-time monitoring solution can, for example, send alerts to relevant stakeholders at the moment a temperature deviation occurs, allowing supply chain and quality professionals to step in whenever there is an issue and either save the product before it's too late or-if it is too late-make sure that it never reaches a consumer. (
  • Primary cold agglutinin disease is chronic and occurs after the fifth decade of life, with a peak incidence in the seventh and eighth decades. (
  • Polyclonal secondary cold agglutinin disease, which occurs in children and young adults, is usually transient. (
  • Sweating occurs when the ambient air temperature is above 35 °C (95 °F) and the body fails to return to the normal internal temperature. (
  • In most cases, it occurs after long periods in the cold. (
  • The shock of a cold plunge may activate responses in your brain that help you better deal with stress , improve your mood, and boost your ability to focus. (
  • If you attempt a cold plunge, it's important to understand that water temperatures affect your body differently than air temperatures - just because your body can handle 40°F air for a certain amount of time doesn't mean it will be okay with 40°F water. (
  • Some spas or sports clubs also have cold plunge tools available that you can use after a workout or sauna session. (
  • This strategy is safer than, say, participating in a polar plunge where your body suddenly gets extremely cold without any preparation. (
  • Overnight on Friday, it will be cold, with some frost and ice possible, with temperatures falling between to -1°C and 3°C. (
  • Lowest overnight temperatures will be 1°C to 3°C in the north and northeast, 4°C to 7°C elsewhere in fresh southeasterly winds. (
  • This paper is dedicated to present a comprehensive investigation on the thermal effects of larger blood vessels during cold perfusion including temperature change and corresponding heat stress. (
  • To characterize the effect of thermally significant blood vessels on heat transfer inside the tissues during cold perfusion, the cryoprotectant in the blood vessel was controlled by the energy equation and Navier-Stokes equations. (
  • The iBox is a semi-active temperature controlled packaging which ensures that heat sensitive pharmaceutical products are maintained at a constant temperature of +5 °C for up to 5 days with no external cold source. (
  • Experts are also warning homeowners who rely on heat pumps to take note as extreme temperatures settle in. (
  • They (heat pumps) typically don't have the same heating capacity when it's this cold,' said Gloria Haydock with the Insurance Bureau of Canada. (
  • Pentz said it is critical for heat pump owners to have another source of heat during extreme cold. (
  • Ken Bain, the parts manager with Mr. Plumber in Charlottetown, said most heat pump owners make the necessary adjustments for extreme cold. (
  • In Media Hot and Cold, Nicole Starosielski examines the cultural dimensions of temperature to theorize the ways heat and cold can be used as a means of communication, subjugation, and control. (
  • During the twentieth century, heat and cold were broadcast through mass thermal media. (
  • Cold and heat adaptations in humans are a part of the broad adaptability of Homo sapiens. (
  • Individuals with larger bodies are better suited for colder climates because larger bodies produce more heat due to having more cells, and have a smaller surface area to volume ratio compared to smaller individuals, which reduces heat loss. (
  • Origins of heat and cold adaptations can be explained by climatic adaptation. (
  • The human body has two methods of thermogenesis, which produces heat to raise the core body temperature. (
  • Humid heat is characterized by warmer temperatures with a high amount of water vapor in the air. (
  • When combined with this high humidity, the theoretical limit to human survival in the shade, even with unlimited water, is 35 °C (95 °F) - theoretically equivalent to a heat index of 70 °C (158 °F). Dry heat is characterized by warmer temperatures with little to no water vapor in the air, such as desert conditions. (
  • In cold temperatures, heat can leave your body more quickly. (
  • When exposed to cold temperatures, your body begins to lose heat faster than it is produced. (
  • When outdoor temperatures drop substantially and wind speed increases (like on a sleigh ride), heat leaves the body more rapidly. (
  • We know Santa loves his hot cocoa (which is great for cold environments), but we recommend he stay hydrated with cool liquids, review the NIOSH Heat Stress website and download the OSHA-NIOSH Heat Safety Tool App before making deliveries in warmer locations. (
  • DENVER - Cold weather this week has broken two Colorado records for the city of Denver that have stood for more than 100 years, and those low temps are expected to last for days. (
  • Formulated for Cold-Weather Use. (
  • LiquidWood ® - Cold is a variant of the original LiquidWood ® wood consolidant, formulated for use between 35° F and 60° F*. It is designed to penetrate and harden wood, restore strength, and impart resistance to water, weather, and wear. (
  • In the wake of a strong cold front, wind chills are expected to reach minus 30 tonight into Friday morning," states the warning from the government weather agency. (
  • The City of Toronto has also issued its own extreme cold warning through Medical Officer of Health Dr. Eileen de Villa, which automatically activates emergency warming centres as per the City's Cold Weather Response Plan. (
  • 80-degree weather returns Thursday and for St. Patrick's Day on Friday, with our next best chance for rain returning Saturday as another cold front moves through during the weekend. (
  • A new orange weather alert for ice and cold temperatures will come into effect for 19 counties from 6 o'clock this evening. (
  • By creating a model that could reproduce temperatures recorded in paleoclimate records, Shindell and colleagues reached a better understanding of how changes in the stratosphere influence weather patterns. (
  • This specification covers one type of cold weather parka designated type CWU-8/P and furnished in the following sizes: Small 34-36, Medium 38-40, Large 42-44, and Extra Large 46-48. (
  • This specification covers one type of extreme cold weather parka made of cotton-nylon oxford cloth. (
  • This specification covers a nylon, three-layer laminated, waterproof, and moisture-vapor-permeable parka, a component of the Extended Cold Weather Clothing System (ECWCS). (
  • Santa knows how to dress appropriately for the cold weather, but temperatures can change rapidly when flying around the world in one night. (
  • Get your car ready for cold weather use before winter arrives. (
  • Wear proper cold-weather gear. (
  • We see it as our responsibility to empower people to be proactive about monitoring their health effectively during cold and flu season and beyond. (
  • Committed to both accuracy and innovation, Exergen empowers people to monitor their health effectively and encourages consumers to stay proactive this time of year by monitoring their body temperature frequently. (
  • Controlling the temperature of fresh foods as it travels through the supply chain and moving from a reactive to a preventive method of responding to temperature deviations-for example, with real-time monitoring-play critical roles in decreasing those numbers. (
  • To do this, it's critical that businesses adopt a scalable temperature monitoring solution that provides 24/7, end-to-end visibility and control. (
  • The only way to know that is through end-to-end cold chain monitoring. (
  • Real-time, end-to-end temperature monitoring plays a huge role in maintaining this corporate responsibility, as businesses move from reactive to preventative methods of dealing with problems as they occur in the supply chain. (
  • What is Temperature Monitoring? (
  • Temperature monitoring is crucial in facilitating the optimal delivery of temperature, humidity, and moisture-sensitive assets in the supply chain process. (
  • Cold chain monitoring software is integrated with sensors and tags that can monitor the conditions of assets and provide real data that enables companies to manage their critical assets. (
  • IoT technology allows for conditional data to be collected for real-time temperature monitoring and management through cloud-based platforms. (
  • What are the benefits of Temperature Monitoring? (
  • Real-time monitoring and data logging is crucial for temperature-sensitive assets when being stored and transported. (
  • Live tracking allows for remote cold chain monitoring for businesses to ensure and prove that the products are delivered uncompromised. (
  • With a temperature monitoring solution , companies can be confident in their products, maintaining their integrity and compliance standards and never becoming compromised during transportation or storage. (
  • Our cold chain temperature monitoring devices are programmed to periodically or continuously scan for nearby BLE accessories and can then transmit data received through Cellular LTE-M/NB-IoT networks to your choice of Telematics platform. (
  • Digital Matter's temperature monitoring solutions utilize wired and battery-powered GPS devices that, when combined with Bluetooth Low Energy tags and sensors, can deliver temperature information in near real-time depending on device type and configuration. (
  • Discrete and easy to conceal on an asset, reefer, or refrigerated container, tags, and trackers can be installed on non-powered assets or hardwired directly into a vehicle or trailer to create a temperature monitoring system. (
  • The temperature monitoring equipment should be recalibrated annually. (
  • The impact of the solar minimum is clear in this image, which shows the temperature difference between 1680, a year at the center of the Maunder Minimum, and 1780, a year of normal solar activity, as calculated by a general circulation model. (
  • It is essential to calculate accurately the net vaccine capacity of the cold room(s) and freezer room(s), taking account of future vaccine introductions. (
  • eVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network) is a digital platform that digitizes vaccine stocks and monitors the temperature of the cold chain through a smartphone application. (
  • eVIN provides real-time information on vaccine stocks and flows, and storage temperatures across all cold chain points. (
  • We know as consumers not to eat a piece of meat that sat out on our kitchen counter at room temperature all day, but we have no way to know whether that piece of meat sat on a loading dock a little too long. (
  • Take the person inside to room temperature and cover with warm blankets. (
  • Constant Composition Expansion (CCE) experiments were conducted on solvent-bitumen systems in the temperature range of 70°C to 160°C. Filtration tests were also conducted at high temperature and reservoir pressure to investigate the effect of solvent type and concentration on asphaltene precipitation. (
  • Fitted with internal and external temperature sensors , every 5 minutes the iBox records and stores details of the internal temperature of the product and the external ambient temperature. (
  • Body temperature varies in every individual, but the average internal temperature is 37.0 °C (98.6 °F). Sufficient stress from extreme external temperature may cause injury or death if it exceeds the ability of the body to thermoregulate. (
  • The ambient temperature in the room is not always the same on the exterior walls," said Pentz. (
  • Ambient air temperature affects how much energy investment the human body must make. (
  • Idiopathic cold agglutinin disease is usually benign, and most patients need only take protective measures against cold temperatures. (
  • What we're seeing is cold Arctic air duking it out with warm Gulf of Mexico air, and the battleground is over Toronto and southern Ontario,' Phillips said. (
  • An extreme cold warning has been issued across the region, with some saying the arctic air could break record-low temperatures in the Maritimes. (
  • Some research shows that your cells may become more sensitive to insulin after regular cold plunges, which means that your tissues can more effectively convert sugar in your blood to energy. (
  • Exposing your tissues to the cold shocks your system . (
  • It can be used to transport pharmaceutical products which are extremely sensitive to temperature fluctuations under optimum conditions of safety. (
  • Cold agglutinins, or cold autoantibodies, occur naturally in nearly all individuals. (
  • Pathologic cold agglutinins occur at titers over 1:1000 and react at 28-31°C and sometimes at 37°C. (
  • Wear proper clothing in cold temperatures to protect your body. (
  • Temperatures will be 0°C to 3°C, allowing a touch of frost to develop. (
  • Until then, if low temperatures are expected, you can protect your plants from the frost by covering them loosely with old sheets, towels, burlap or any other fabric lying around. (
  • Deep blue across eastern and central North America and northern Eurasia illustrates where the drop in temperature was the greatest. (
  • Toronto will see above-seasonal temperatures return late this week, with a high of 5 C expected on Friday and 8 C on Saturday. (
  • NIOSH's resources on cold stress can help Santa's rosy cheeks from getting frostbitten mid-flight. (
  • The union was concerned about work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), extreme hot and cold temperatures, job stress, and employees being injured while working in the kitchen and on the loading docks. (
  • Average air velocities were less than the cold stress ACGIH TLV of 200 feet per minute, thereby reducing the potential cooling effect of air movement. (
  • Such as today when the temperature will be above 35° for 10 hours but will drop as low as 28° before rising above 35° again tomorrow. (
  • Look for a drop in humidity Tuesday behind Monday's cold front. (
  • In Nova Scotia, shelters open when temperatures drop to -15C - a number that will easily be passed this weekend. (
  • If energy from the Sun decreased only slightly, why did temperatures drop so severely in the Northern Hemisphere? (
  • When the model started with the decreased solar energy and returned temperatures that matched the paleoclimate record, Shindell and his colleagues knew that the model was showing how the Maunder Minimum could have caused the extreme drop in temperatures. (
  • The model showed that the drop in temperature was related to ozone in the stratosphere, the layer of the atmosphere that is between 10 and 50 kilometers from the Earth's surface. (
  • People can quickly get hyperthermia in water, even in mild temperatures. (
  • This is because soil temperatures are still cold, or maybe even frozen, and there are still more hours of darkness in a day than sunlight. (
  • He noted that the city could break more temperature records next week. (
  • Climate scientist Drew Shindell and colleagues at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies tackled that question by combining temperature records gleaned from tree rings, ice cores, corals, and the few measurements recorded in the historical record, with an advanced computer model of the Earth's climate. (
  • To read more about how ancient temperature records are used to improve climate models, see Paleoclimatology: Understanding the Past to Predict the Future, the final installment of a series of articles about paleoclimatology on the Earth Observatory. (
  • Many people claim that immersing yourself in cold water has all sorts of benefits for your mind and body. (
  • Cold plunges may raise your metabolism , helping your body burn calories at a faster rate. (
  • In recent years, there has been debate surrounding the definition of "normal" body temperature, highlighting the importance of having an accurate thermometer readily available. (
  • Body temperature, a key indicator of illness, is a crucial vital sign in determining the need for medical attention and severity of illness. (
  • The accuracy of Exergen's thermometers gives me confidence in quickly and reliably assessing body temperatures. (
  • The temperature that requires the least amount of energy investment is 21 °C (69.8 °F). The body controls its temperature through the hypothalamus. (
  • Warm beverages can help increase body temperature. (
  • A body temperature that is too low affects the brain, making the victim unable to think clearly or move well. (
  • Provide warm beverages as they may help increase the body temperature, but do not give alcoholic beverages. (
  • After their body temperature has increased, keep the victim dry and wrapped in a warm blanket, including the head and neck. (
  • Temperatures in the 80s and about 10 days without rain forced many of our plants to not only break dormancy but resume normal growth for spring. (
  • There was some concern about our crops then, but unless high temperatures (70+) persist for multiple weeks, most plants still won't take the bait to resume growth in February. (
  • Bluetooth Low Energy enables companies to track and monitor their temperature-sensitive assets in real-time. (
  • This provides accurate traceability, with a real-time display, of any fluctuations in temperature while the products are in transit. (
  • Many industries require their temperature-sensitive assets to stay in a regulated environment whilst in transit. (
  • Nor would we know if the truck container in which that food was transported was not kept at an optimal temperature. (
  • It is, in fact, the warm air duking out with the cold air,' Phillips said, adding that Toronto residents should expect to see temperature swings in the next few days. (
  • Although Thursday will begin with wind chill values approaching -12 in the morning, the temperature will warm up to a high of 0 C later in the day. (
  • Mother Nature has been teasing us a bit this year with warm and then cold temperatures. (
  • For cold rooms we recommended installing horizontal baffle deflectors on all refrigerator fans, and providing employees alternative gloves and warm water or dry air heaters to warm their hands. (
  • The day began with spring-like conditions, with the temperature reaching a high of 16.1 C at 11 a.m., which broke the record for the warmest Feb. 28 set in 1954 when the mercury hit 11.1 C. (
  • Because they strain your heart and have the potential to cause heart damage, cold water immersions shouldn't be attempted by people with a history of heart conditions or by those taking blood pressure medications. (
  • When temperature-sensitive assets and products are transported, they can easily be exposed to different conditions and temperatures that may cause them to be damaged or become unsafe for use. (
  • Several of our devices act as double as Bluetooth® Gateways , which can connect with nearby Bluetooth accessories that can monitor the environmental conditions of assets and detect any temperature changes. (
  • They are a type of nonfreezing injury that develops in cold, dry conditions. (
  • An Exergen thermometer can identify critical shifts in temperature that suggest or confirm illness before more serious medical attention may be necessary. (
  • Companies in the healthcare, pharmaceutical, or food and beverage industry can benefit the most from using a cold chain management solution in any transport and logistics operations that involve temperature-sensitive goods. (
  • The iBox uses a very high performance insulating material - the VIP (Vacuum Insulated Panel) in combination with polyurethane to maintain the temperature of the product for up to 5 days. (
  • This is the full method used to maintain a product at a constant temperature throughout the transport process, all the way to its final destination. (
  • In many cases, the community entry point for health services in urban areas is not a health to maintain this temperature consistency has to be fit-for- center where vaccination activities are performed. (
  • Using a 10:1 ratio, this equates to 25 inches of new snow but as temperatures remain around 20F, this snow ratio is on the low side. (
  • Rain is expected todayand tomorrow as a system moves into Northern California, bringing with it cold enough temperatures for snowfall over night. (
  • You may be able to use the cold to boost your immune system. (
  • For individuals, families and health professionals seeking reliable temperature measurement tools, Exergen offers a wide range of thermometers designed for both clinical and home use. (
  • CertiCold is a quality label for cold chain products delivered on the basis of private technical specifications and established in conjunction with the relevant manufacturers and the professional users. (
  • The label CertiCold Pharma relates to cold chain equipment for health products - for packaging solutions for the transportation of health products and for transport units under controlled temperature for health products. (
  • Foods that require any kind of refrigeration-meats, fish, eggs, dairy, and fruits and vegetables-must be kept at cool temperatures through every step of that supply chain. (
  • A cold chain management solution is beneficial in increasing the distribution, maintaining the quality of products, and extending the shelf life of products. (
  • Cold agglutinins commonly have variable heavy-chain regions encoded by VH, with a distinct idiotype identified by the 9G4 rat murine monoclonal antibody. (
  • Details around adequate ventilation, electricity supply, among other key considerations, can be found in the pre-procurement checklist provided in the UNICEF Cold Chain Support Package . (
  • Toronto saw a dramatic temperature swing Wednesday that one meteorologist likened to 'experiencing winter and spring in the same hour. (
  • By outlining how the control of temperature reveals power relations, Starosielski offers a framework to better understand the dramatic transformations of hot and cold media in the twenty-first century. (
  • As the mercury begins its decline into the negative double digits, Environment Canada has placed the City of Toronto under an extreme cold warning in advance of the potentially-record-breaking cold front. (

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