Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Cold Shock Proteins and Peptides: Cellular proteins and peptides that are induced in response to cold stress. They are found in a broad variety of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.Bacillus subtilis: A species of gram-positive bacteria that is a common soil and water saprophyte.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Heat-Shock Proteins: Proteins which are synthesized in eukaryotic organisms and bacteria in response to hyperthermia and other environmental stresses. They increase thermal tolerance and perform functions essential to cell survival under these conditions.Heat-Shock Response: A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive heat. Responses include synthesis of new proteins and regulation of others.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Immersion: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.Benzyl Alcohol: A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.Benzyl Alcohols: Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.Cold-Shock Response: A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive cold. In humans, a fall in skin temperature triggers gasping, hypertension, and hyperventilation.Benzyl CompoundsDiphenylhexatriene: A fluorescent compound that emits light only in specific configurations in certain lipid media. It is used as a tool in the study of membrane lipids.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Fluorescence Polarization: Measurement of the polarization of fluorescent light from solutions or microscopic specimens. It is used to provide information concerning molecular size, shape, and conformation, molecular anisotropy, electronic energy transfer, molecular interaction, including dye and coenzyme binding, and the antigen-antibody reaction.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Metagenomics: The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.RNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins that bind to RNA molecules. Included here are RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS and other proteins whose function is to bind specifically to RNA.Transgenes: Genes that are introduced into an organism using GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.Listeria monocytogenes: A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. It has been isolated from sewage, soil, silage, and from feces of healthy animals and man. Infection with this bacterium leads to encephalitis, meningitis, endocarditis, and abortion.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Bacterial Adhesion: Physicochemical property of fimbriated (FIMBRIAE, BACTERIAL) and non-fimbriated bacteria of attaching to cells, tissue, and nonbiological surfaces. It is a factor in bacterial colonization and pathogenicity.Listeriosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus LISTERIA.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Religion: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Templates, Genetic: Macromolecular molds for the synthesis of complementary macromolecules, as in DNA REPLICATION; GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION of DNA to RNA, and GENETIC TRANSLATION of RNA into POLYPEPTIDES.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Health Physics: The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Philosophy, MedicalFaculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Clinical Trials, Phase I as Topic: Works about studies performed to evaluate the safety of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques in healthy subjects and to determine the safe dosage range (if appropriate). These tests also are used to determine pharmacologic and pharmacokinetic properties (toxicity, metabolism, absorption, elimination, and preferred route of administration). They involve a small number of persons and usually last about 1 year. This concept includes phase I studies conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.

Oxidative stress in cold-induced hyperthyroid state. (1/56)

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Effect of P2 receptor blockade with pyridoxine on sympathetic response to exercise pressor reflex in humans. (2/56)

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Knocking down expression of Hsp22 and Hsp23 by RNA interference affects recovery from chill coma in Drosophila melanogaster. (3/56)

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2010 Carl Ludwig Distinguished Lectureship of the APS Neural Control and Autonomic Regulation Section: Central neural pathways for thermoregulatory cold defense. (4/56)

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Inactivation of the mitochondrial carrier SLC25A25 (ATP-Mg2+/Pi transporter) reduces physical endurance and metabolic efficiency in mice. (5/56)

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Manipulations of AMP metabolic genes increase growth rate and cold tolerance in Escherichia coli: implications for psychrophilic evolution. (6/56)

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Rapid growth reduces cold resistance: evidence from latitudinal variation in growth rate, cold resistance and stress proteins. (7/56)

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Brainstem serotonin deficiency in the neonatal period: autonomic dysregulation during mild cold stress. (8/56)

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*Cold shock response

physiological response to sudden exposure to cold Cold shock response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold ... especially cold water. In humans, cold shock response is perhaps the most common cause of death from immersion in very cold ... It is possible to undergo physiological conditioning to reduce the cold shock response, and some people are naturally better ... The immediate shock of the cold causes involuntary inhalation, which if underwater can result in drowning. The cold water can ...

*Physiological response to water immersion

Cold shock response is the initial reaction to immersion in cold water. It generally starts with a gasp reflex in response to ... Cold incapacitation is the next stage, and generally occurs within 5 to 15 minutes in cold water. Blood flow to the extremities ... "Immersion into cold water". Abridged from Cold-Water Immersion. Steinman A, Giesbrecht G., Wilderness Medicine . 4th edition. ... Staff (2011). "4 Phases of cold water immersion". Beyond Cold Water Boot Camp. Canadian Safe Boating Council. Retrieved 12 ...

*Diving reflex

Underwater diving portal Blood shift Cold shock response Bradycardia Lindholm, Peter; Lundgren, Claes EG (1 January 2009). "The ... Upon initiation of the reflex, changes occur: Bradycardia is the response to facial contact with cold water: the human heart ... Arrhythmias may be accentuated by neural responses to face immersion in cold water, distension of the heart due to central ... physiological response to immersion of air-breathing vertebrates The diving reflex, also known as the diving response and ...

*Cryotherapy

Cryonics Cold shock response Ice bath Cryotherapy at eMedicine Novella, Steven (2015-10-28). "Whole Body Cryotherapy". Science- ... Cryosurgery is the application of extreme cold to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue. The application of ultra-cold liquid ... generally known as cold therapy) to the use of cold chambers (whole body or partial body cryotherapy) and or face masks or body ... If the cold temperatures are produced by evaporating liquid nitrogen, there is the risk of inert gas asphyxiation as well as ...

*Cold-shock domain

Jones PG, Inouye M (March 1994). "The cold-shock response--a hot topic". Mol. Microbiol. 11 (5): 811-8. doi:10.1111/j.1365- ... which contain cold shock domains is increased 2-10 fold. These so-called 'cold shock' proteins are thought to help the cell to ... In molecular biology, the cold-shock domain (CSD) is a protein domain of about 70 amino acids which has been found in ... Landsman D (June 1992). "RNP-1, an RNA-binding motif is conserved in the DNA-binding cold shock domain". Nucleic Acids Res. 20 ...

*Winter swimming

After submersion in cold water the cold shock response will occur, causing an uncontrollable gasp for air. This is followed by ... The cold shock response and cardiac arrest are the most common causes of death related to cold water immersion. Winter swimming ... Through conditioning, experienced winter swimmers have a greater resistance to effects of the cold shock response. Hypothermia ... "Exercise in the cold, Part II. A physiological trip through cold water exposure". The Science of Sport. Retrieved 23 April 2010 ...

*Physiology of underwater diving

Cold shock response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold, especially cold water, and is a common cause of ... Exposure to cold water can result in the harmful cold shock response, the helpful diving reflex and excessive loss of body heat ... The immediate shock of the cold causes involuntary inhalation, which if underwater can result in drowning. The cold water can ... "Exercise in the Cold: Part II - A physiological trip through cold water exposure". The science of sport. www.sportsscientists. ...

*DNA-binding domain

... cold shock response, and telomere maintenance. The immunoglobulin domain (InterPro: IPR013783) consists of a beta-sheet ...

*CspA mRNA 5' UTR

... is the untranslated region of the cspA gene, which is important in the cold shock response in ... Yamanaka K, Mitta M, Inouye M (October 1999). "Mutation analysis of the 5' untranslated region of the cold shock cspA mRNA of ... Goldstein J, Pollitt NS, Inouye M (January 1990). "Major cold shock protein of Escherichia coli". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A ... Brandi A, Spurio R, Gualerzi CO, Pon CL (March 1999). "Massive presence of the Escherichia coli 'major cold-shock protein' CspA ...

*RNA thermometer

... s often regulate genes required during either a heat shock or cold shock response, but have been implicated in ... Mega R, Manzoku M, Shinkai A, Nakagawa N, Kuramitsu S, Masui R (August 2010). "Very rapid induction of a cold shock protein by ... Shamovsky I, Ivannikov M, Kandel ES, Gershon D, Nudler E (March 2006). "RNA-mediated response to heat shock in mammalian cells ... January 2010). "The cspA mRNA is a thermosensor that modulates translation of the cold-shock protein CspA". Mol. Cell. 37 (1): ...

*Bacterial stress response

... controlled mainly by the sigma factor sigma E and the Cpx two-component system Cold shock response, which governs expression of ... In bacteria some of the most important stress response systems are: Heat shock response, controlled by the sigma factor sigma ... ppGpp-dependent stringent response, which reduces the cellular protein synthesis capacity and controls further global responses ... bacteria must sense the changes and mount appropriate responses in gene expression and protein activity. The stress response in ...

*Gordon Giesbrecht

In order to clarify and publicize the four phases of cold water immersion Cold shock response Cold incapacitation Hypothermia ... but rather occur earlier due to either the cold shock response (gasping and hyperventilation), or cold incapacitation (due to ... He is best known for his work on cold physiology and the co-creation of Cold Water Boot Camp and Beyond Cold Water Boot Camp; ... Datta, A; Tipton, M (2015-04-20). "Respiratory responses to cold water immersion: neural pathways, interactions, and clinical ...

*Rsa RNA

October 2006). "Characterization of the Staphylococcus aureus heat shock, cold shock, stringent, and SOS responses and their ... for example RsaC was induced by cold shock and RsaA is induced in response to osmotic stress. RsaE and RsaF genes overlap in S. ...

*Universal stress protein

... with the exception of not forming a response to cold shock. It is thought UspA is especially important to the recovery of E. ... It's important to note the USP responses are independent of many other stress responses seen in bacteria such as rpoS. The ... These responses have been suggested to be involved in the protection of DNA. As a result, UspA aids Salmonella to resist ... In response to drought, there is a reduction in photosynthetic carbon production as well as a reduction in energy metabolism. ...

*Giovanna Mallucci

... failure of another stress response involving 'cold shock' proteins, which they have successfully harnessed for neuroprotection ... She regrets she is unable to respond personally to all the emails received during the incredible response this research has ... Using mouse models, they described the pathogenic role of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in neurodegeneration, which led ...

*Bacterial small RNA

They are expressed under stress conditions such as cold shock, iron depletion, onset of the SOS response and sugar stress. The ... DsrA levels are increased in response to low temperatures and osmotic stress, and RprA levels are increased in response to ... The expression of OmpC and OmpF is regulated by the sRNAs MicC and MicF in response to stress conditions. The outer membrane ... In E. coli the sRNA MicA depletes OmpA levels, in Vibrio cholerae the sRNA VrrA represses synthesis of OmpA in response to ...

*Proteostasis

2010). "Protein Folding in the Cytoplasm and the Heat Shock Response". Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biology. 2: 1-18. doi:10.1101/ ... One theoretical mechanism for this approach includes upregulating the heat shock response response to rescue proteins from ... This response acts locally in a cell autonomous fashion but can also extend to intercellular signaling to protect the organism ... The unfolded protein response in the endoplasmatic reticulum (ER) is activated by imbalances of unfolded proteins inside the ER ...

*Heat shock

Protein Folding in the Cytoplasm and the Heat Shock Response. Cold Spring Harb. Perspect. Biol. doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a004390 ... Introduction of heat shock to cells elicits the molecular response, the heat shock response (HSR), which repairs damages caused ... The cellular response to heat shock damage, the heat shock response, includes the transcriptional up-regulation of genes ... "The heat-shock response: regulation and function of heat-shock proteins and molecular chaperones". Essays in Biochemistry. 32: ...

*Cold hardening

Lee, RE; Czajka, MC (1990). "A rapid cold-hardening response protecting against cold shock injury in Drosophila melanogaster". ... Rapid cold hardening (RCH) is one of the fastest cold temperature responses recorded. This process allows an insect to ... Rapid cold hardening can be experienced during short periods of undesirable temperatures, such as cold shock in environment ... The insects use rapid cold hardening to protect against cold shock during overwintering periods.Overwintering insects stay ...

*Richard I. Morimoto

PMID 22990239 (2012). Morimoto, R.I. The Heat Shock Response: Systems Biology of Proteotoxic Stress in Aging and Disease. Cold ... Attenuation of the heat shock response in HeLa cells is mediated by the release of bound heat shock transcription factor and is ... Regulation of the Heat Shock Transcriptional Response: Crosstalk between a Family of Heat Shock Factors, Molecular Chaperones, ... Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 3: PMID 21536706 (2011). Åkerfelt, M., R.I. Morimoto, and L. Sistonen. Heat Shock ...

*Mitogen-activated protein kinase

... response to cold and involved in anti-pathogen responses. In addition, they are also involved in morphogenesis, since MPK4 ... MAPKs are involved in directing cellular responses to a diverse array of stimuli, such as mitogens, osmotic stress, heat shock ... MPK4 and MPK6 kinases of Arabidopsis thaliana are key mediators of responses to osmotic shock, oxidative stress, ... Terrestrial plants contain four groups of classical MAPKs (MAPK-A, MAPK-B, MAPK-C and MAPK-D) that are involved in response to ...

*Thermotoga maritima

... its genome it has several heat and cold shock proteins that are most likely involved in metabolic regulation and response to ...

*Role of Calmodulins

... and cold and heat shocks. Different root cell types show a different Ca2+ response to osmotic and salt stresses and this ... Ca2+ responses of varied nature are characterized to be involved in the Nod factor recognition. There is a Ca2+ flux at the tip ... In response to external stress CaM activates glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) that catalyzes the conversion of L-glutamate to GABA ... Ca2+ pulses created due to increased influx and efflux act as cellular signals in response to external stimuli such as hormones ...

*Bed bug control techniques

"Responses of the bed bug, Cimex lectularius, to temperature extremes and dehydration: levels of tolerance, rapid cold hardening ... and expression of heat shock proteins". Med Vet Entomol. 23 (4): 418-25. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2009.00832.x. PMID 19941608. ... "Cold tolerance of bed bugs and practical recommendations for control". J Econ Entomol. 106 (6): 2433-41. doi:10.1603/ec13032. ... In response, many areas have specific laws about responsibilities upon discovering a bed bug infestation, particularly in ...

*Mike Tipton

Tipton was involved with the RNLI cold water shock 'floating' campaign. Tipton was awarded the G. L. Brown Prize Lecture of The ... Tipton's research focuses on the physiological and psychological responses to adverse environments and the selection, ...

*Resource curse

A 2018 study found that the relationship between oil and authoritarianism primarily holds after the end of the Cold War; the ... Consistent with the use of force to gain power, positive price shocks also induce an increase in paramilitary violence and ... A response to Lucas and Richter (2016)". Research & Politics. 4 (3): 2053168017719794. doi:10.1177/2053168017719794. ISSN 2053- ... S, Hendrix, Cullen (2018-01-01). "Cold War Geopolitics and the Making of the Oil Curse". Journal of Global Security Studies. 3 ...
For 3-minutes, the cryo chamber will cool the surface of your skin by 30-50°F using gasified nitrogen to activate the bodys powerfully healing "cold-shock response". During the session, blood rushes to your core, your body burns 400-800 calories to stay warm and once the sessions is over, the blood returns to the extremities carrying newly released neurotransmitters and "cold-shock" proteins that dramatically lower inflammation, heal injuries, increase collagen levels, boost your mood, accelerate recovery, increase focus and leave you feeling vibrant and full of energy.. ...
Dynamics of ribosome-ligands interactions in the early phases of mRNA translation; gene regulation following bacterial temperature and nutritional stress; design, construction and validation of high content screening tests to detect novel anti-infectives; mechanism of action of new antibiotics; H-NS - DNA interactions for the architectural organization of the nucleoid and select transcriptional repression; DNA chips for water quality evaluation.. Keywords: Translation initiation in prokaryotes / bacterial nucleoid / cold-shock response / transcriptional & post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression / antibiotics. Subject area(s): Microbiology, Virology & Pathogens , Proteins & Biochemistry , RNA. ...
The majority of these functions deal with the degradation and modification of RNA. I am struggling to figure out how to differentiate between up-regulated and down-regulated genes based on geneontology website or the data given, but considering that the t15, t30, t60, t90 are up-regulated, while only t-120 is down-regulated, it would probably be reasonable to assume that these functions are mostly up-regulated. This would mean that due to cold-shock, cells primarily increase the breakdown of RNA,and mores specifically non-coding RNA, as suggested by the GO terms. This suggests that cold-shock induces translation in order to produce specific proteins involved in stress response ...
The majority of these functions deal with the degradation and modification of RNA. I am struggling to figure out how to differentiate between up-regulated and down-regulated genes based on geneontology website or the data given, but considering that the t15, t30, t60, t90 are up-regulated, while only t-120 is down-regulated, it would probably be reasonable to assume that these functions are mostly up-regulated. This would mean that due to cold-shock, cells primarily increase the breakdown of RNA,and mores specifically non-coding RNA, as suggested by the GO terms. This suggests that cold-shock induces translation in order to produce specific proteins involved in stress response ...
Four diploid inbred B. distachyon lines, Bd3-1, Bd21-1, Bd1-1, and Bd29-1 were used to characterize cold induced IRIP gene expression by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The seeds were kindly provided by Dr. David Garvin, University of Minnesota, USA. Bd3-1 and Bd21-1 originate from Iraq and are spring genotypes that do not require vernalization to induce flowering. Bd1-1 and Bd29-1 originate from northern Turkey and the Ukraine, respectively, and are winter genotypes which require long vernalization periods (six and 12 weeks respectively) to flower (http://www.ars.usda.gov/SP2UserFiles/person/1931/GarvinLabCoreBrachypodiumdistachyonLineSet(2).pdf) [34, 35]. For the microarray gene expression experiments only Bd21-1 was used.. In the qRT-PCR experiment 7 weeks old plants were used which had been established from seeds using the following growth conditions: 20/16°C day/night temperature and 16 h photoperiod with a photon flux density of 150 μmol m-2 s-1. Half of the ...
Osmoadaptation of four L. monocytogenes strains, possessing different tolerances to NaCl, revealed a clear pattern in terms of genomic expression. Prolonged exposure to high levels of NaCl was coupled with activation of genes associated with the bacterial cell envelope, DNA repair and protein synthesis. Repression of genes associated with carbohydrate up-take and metabolism was evident in osmo-adapted cells reflecting the overall suppression of cellular metabolism characterised by reduced growth rate of these cells. In addition the initial stage of osmo-adaptation, was examined in strain ATCC 19115 (serotype 4b) post short exposure to 10.0% (w/v) NaCl to investigate continuous spectrum of gene expression in response to osmotic stress in this organism. Gene enrichment analysis revealed a prominent, almost reverse gene expression profile in response to shock, compared to the adaptive response to the same concentration of NaCl. This study is the first to strongly highlight such distinction in gene ...
Lin28 cold-shock domain complex. Computer model showing the structure of a Lin28 cold-shock domain (purple) complexed with the single-stranded DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) fragment heptathymidine (yellow). - Stock Image C035/5941
Benzyl alcohol and ethanol were found to exhibit an opposite effect on cold adaptation ofBacillus subtilis. The growth lag induced in bacteria by temperature shift-down was reduced in the presence of benzyl alcohol from 80 to 58 min, whereas ethanol prolonged this interval up to 102 min. In parallel, the physical state of the cytoplasmic membrane in intact bacteria was examined with the help of steady-state fluorescence anisotropy of diphenylhexatriene. Benzyl alcohol decreased the anisotropy as a consequence of membrane fluidization whereas ethanol increased its value, suggesting membrane rigidization. The correlation of growth and fluorescence data indicates that the control of membrane structure represents an important part of bacterial adaptation to cold.
Ambient particulate matters and temperature were reported to have additive effects over the respiratory disease hospital admissions and deaths. The purpose of this study is to discuss the interactive pulmonary toxicities of cold stress and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure by estimating inflammation and oxidative stress responses. 48 Wistar male rats, matched by weight and age, were randomly assigned to six groups, which were treated with cold stress alone (0 degrees C, 10 degrees C, and 20 degrees C (Normal control)) and cold stresses plus PM2.5 exposures respectively. Cold stress alone groups were intratracheal instillation of 0.25 mL normal saline, while cold stress plus PM2.5 exposure groups were intratracheal instillation of 8 mg/0.25 mL PM2.5. These procedures were carried out for three times with an interval of 48 hours for each treatment. All rats were sacrificed after 48 hours of the third treatment. The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for analyzing inflammatory ...
Amsterdam. This year Amsterdam are hosting the regional conference, so its good to se them represented as a new team as well. They are working on making E. Coli that will grow at temperatures far below normal limits. They also aimed to make coli better at resisting frost. Apparently they have had some success in making the cold resistance work. If you want to read more check our post!. Bilkent_UNAM-Turkey. This team is working on using microalgae for biodegradation. Now this use of microorganisms has been a returning theme for many years, but algae are still somewhat new on the iGEM scene. Bilkent_UNAM are specifically working on degrading TNT. Apparently they didnt get to test their constructs against. Copenhagen. Its good to see a new Danish team in the competition. Copenhagen are working with cytochrome P450 hydroxylases to rid the world of evil. They want to use E. coli expressing two different CYPs to bring death to fungi and environmental estrogens. They seem to have had a bumpy ride ...
Colds and flu tend to show up with dreary regularity. Learn which ones might actually help, and which are nothing but charming folktale.
As a representative warm-season grass, Bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L). Pers.] is widely used in turf systems. However, low temperature remarkably limits its growth and distribution. ABA is a crucial phytohormone that has been reported to regulate much important physiological and biochemical processes in plants under abiotic stress. Therefore, the objective of this study was to figure out the effects of ABA on the cold-sensitive (S) and cold-resistant (R) Bermudagrass genotypes response to cold stress. In this study, the plants were treated with 100 µM ABA solution and exposed to 4°C temperature. After 7 days of cold treatment, the electrolyte leakage (EL), malonaldehyde (MDA) and H2O2 content were significantly increased in both genotypes compared with control condition, and these values were higher in R genotype than those of S genotype, respectively. By contrast, exogenous ABA application decreased the electrolyte leakage (EL), malonaldehyde (MDA) and H2O2 content in both genotypes compared with
Plants experience a wide range of abiotic stresses due to their sessile nature. Plants have evolved many biochemical responses to stresses that range from cold and drought to salinity and osmotic factors. Substantial research has revealed a complex network of genes that work together during stress conditions. A key player in the abiotic stress response in Arabidopsis is DREB1 (Dehydration Response Element Binding Protein) a family of three related (A, B, C) transcription factors that bind to DRE (Dehydration Response Element), a cis-acting element that functions in ABA-independent gene expression, specifically as an up regulator of rd29A. Researchers have demonstrated that rd29A is up regulated in response to salt, drought and cold conditions (Shinozaki, 1998).. Plant cold stress responses in Arabidopsis have been shown to contain several pathways that are specific to abiotic stresses. The DREB1 family has been shown to be most strongly expressed in response to cold stress, salinity, osmotic, ...
Plants experience a wide range of abiotic stresses due to their sessile nature. Plants have evolved many biochemical responses to stresses that range from cold and drought to salinity and osmotic factors. Substantial research has revealed a complex network of genes that work together during stress conditions. A key player in the abiotic stress response in Arabidopsis is DREB1 (Dehydration Response Element Binding Protein) a family of three related (A, B, C) transcription factors that bind to DRE (Dehydration Response Element), a cis-acting element that functions in ABA-independent gene expression, specifically as an up regulator of rd29A. Researchers have demonstrated that rd29A is up regulated in response to salt, drought and cold conditions (Shinozaki, 1998).. Plant cold stress responses in Arabidopsis have been shown to contain several pathways that are specific to abiotic stresses. The DREB1 family has been shown to be most strongly expressed in response to cold stress, salinity, osmotic, ...
Conclusions: Flies reared at constant benign temperatures were more fecund at all acclimationtemperatures. In contrast, flies reared under fluctuating natural or laboratory conditions weremore successful in locating food under cool conditions in the field, while constant cool rearingconditions led to high cold resistance. The fluctuating- and low-temperature rearing conditionsresulted in a similar metabolic profile, while the 24C rearing profile was distinct and showeda lack of plasticity. The effects of developmental acclimation on performance are thereforecomplex and cannot be captured through experimental comparisons of constant environments ...
The paliavana parent is P. tenuiflora, the best of the paliavanas. The hybrid does a better job of retaining its foliage than most paliavanas. The sinningia parent is S. conspicua, from which the hybrid acquires the generally white corolla color, the markings and yellow in the throat, and fragrance that can be detected at certain times. The plant has a tuber, an inheritance from its sinningia parent. Paliavana tenuiflora is much more vulnerable to cold than Sinningia conspicua. The hybrid seems to have the latters cold resistance. ...
Making accurate prognoses for patients in coma is notoriously difficult, and we need your help! By signing up for this study you allow us to learn from your story and provide us with data that can help improve the way coma patients are cared for and how doctors determine their prognosis. Enrollment is simple and straightforward and you can withdraw from the study at any time and for any reason.. Take a moment to look through the consent form, available here. In order to understand each case of coma, we need access to the protected medical records from the hospitalization in question. For that we need your signed permission. We also need your consent to participate in a research study, in which the information we learn can be analyzed and used to draw conclusions about how to make prognostication in coma better and more accurate. Feel free to contact us with any questions about the consent form or the study itself before you sign.. You can email the form as an attachment to: [email protected] ...
When blood sugar levels become very high or low, a diabetic coma can result. This is a medical emergency, but with rapid treatment, a person can usually recovery quickly.
Two people have died in Louisiana in recent months from a rare brain-eating amoeba that health officials have traced to a common cold treatment.
URBANA, Ill. - Winters in eastern Russia are intensely cold, with air temperatures regularly reaching -30 degrees Fahrenheit in some locations. It is a seemingly inhospitable climate, but native plants have found ways to thrive there. University of Illinois plant geneticist Erik Sacks suspected one of these plants may hold the key to breeding cold-tolerant food and biomass crops. To find out, the modern-day botanical explorer set off across eastern Russia with colleagues from the N. I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR) to collect specimens of the perennial grass Miscanthus sacchariflorus.. "Miscanthus is part of a tribe of grasses, the Andropogoneae, that includes sorghum, sugarcane, and corn," Sacks explains. "Because it is found so far north, this population of Miscanthus sacchariflorus is likely the most cold-hardy of that group. If we want to improve cold hardiness in this very important group of plants, this is going to be best population to study.". Sacks and ...
Among all cereals, rice is highly sensitive to cold stress, especially at the germination stage, which adversely impacts its germination ability, seed vigor, crop stand establishment, and, ultimately, grain yield. The dissection of novel quantitative trait loci (QTLs) or genes conferring a low-temperature germination (LTG) ability can significantly accelerate cold-tolerant rice breeding to ensure the wide application of rice cultivation through the direct seeding method. In this study, we identified 11 QTLs for LTG using 144 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between a cold-tolerant variety, Lijiangxintuanheigu (LTH), and a cold-sensitive variety, Shennong265 (SN265). By resequencing two parents and RIL lines, a high-density bin map, including 2,828 bin markers, was constructed using 123,859 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between two parents. The total genetic distance corresponding to all 12 chromosome linkage maps was 2,840.12 cm. Adjacent markers were marked by an average
In this study, hematopoietic cells from mice pretreated with CVE and exposed to acute cold/restraint stress were stimulated in the presence of growth factors to form colonies, thus providing accurate information about the modulation of the green algae of the stress-induced changes in the hematopoietic response. Our results demonstrated that exposure to acute stress affected hematopoiesis. Mice exposed for a 2.5-hour time period of cold and restraint presented diminished clonal capacity for CFU-GM content per femur, which was decreased by as much as 50% compared with that in control mice, in spite of the significant increase in serum colony-stimulating activity (CSA). Treatment with 50 mg/kg CVE for 5 days, previously to the stress regimen, attenuates the effects of the stress, since comparable levels of myeloid progenitors were found in the bone marrow of both CVE/stress and control mice. Moreover, the sera from stressed mice pretreated with CVE further increased the CFU-GM formation. On the ...
... Struggling with a persistent cold? We can help with providing a common cold cure and boost immune system for further resistance.
... Struggling with a persistent cold? We can help with providing a common cold cure and boost immune system for further resistance.
Low temperature adversely affects crop yields by restraining plant growth and productivity. Most temperate plants have the potential to increase their freezing tolerance upon exposure to low but nonfreezing temperatures, a process known as cold acclimation. Various physiological, molecular, and metabolic changes occur during cold acclimation, which suggests that the plant cold stress response is a complex, vital phenomenon that involves more than one pathway. The C-Repeat Binding Factor (CBF) pathway is the most important and well-studied cold regulatory pathway that imparts freezing tolerance to plants. The regulation of freezing tolerance involves the action of phytochromes, which play an important role in light-mediated signalling to activate cold-induced gene expression through the CBF pathway. Under normal temperature conditions, CBF expression is regulated by the circadian clock through the action of a central oscillator and also day length (photoperiod). The phytochrome and phytochrome
Significant differences in responses to intraperitoneally injected tyramine or cold exposure (-10 degrees C) were observed in young (3-4 mo) male Sprague-Dawley (S-D) and Fischer 344 (F344) rats cold-acclimated (CA) or non-cold-acclimated (non-CA). Non-CA S-D and F344 rats respond to tyramine by increased O2 uptake and elevation of colonic temperature, but, as we had reported previously, the optimal doses of tyramine required was significantly different for these two strains, i.e., 2 mg/kg for F344 vs. 20 mg/kg for S-D. The response to tyramine was significantly potentiated by cold acclimation in both strains of rats. Despite the different dosages of tyramine given to the animals, similar increases in O2 uptakes and colonic temperatures were observed. Differences between these two strains were also evident in their responses to a cold challenge (3 h, -10 degrees C). The ranking for cold tolerance (-10 degrees C) was as follows: CA F344 greater than non-CA F344 greater than CA S-D greater than ...
PhD Project - Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Microwave Radiometry (MR) Based Measurement of the Efficacy of Hot and Cold Treatments at University of Edinburgh, listed on FindAPhD.com
Conflicting mechanisms may underlie different kinds of stress tolerance; for example, cold tolerance and heat tolerance may entail opposite changes in membrane fluidity (Whitman, 2009). However, adaptation to one extreme does not necessarily cause maladaptation to the other (Angilletta, 2009). Common elements may underlie general mechanisms of stress tolerance (Kültz, 2005). For example, Hsp proteins are key players in conferring tolerance to nearly all kinds of stresses (Sørensen et al., 2003; Whitman, 2009), including heat (Welte et al., 1993; Feder, 1999; Gong and Golic, 2006) and cold stress (Colinet et al., 2010b; Kostál and Tollarova-Borovanska, 2009; Rinehart et al., 2007). Thus, hsp genes represent prime candidates for investigating molecular correlates at young age. A previous study (Pappas et al., 2007) found that the basal expression of the protein Hsp70 did not vary according to age, and we corroborate this observation at the transcriptional level. So far, no study has addressed ...
Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is the fifth most important cereal crop world-wide as well as an important source of feed, fiber and biofuel. It is a C4 plant and is well adapted to environments subject to high temperature and water limitation. Despite these agronomic qualities, it suffers from limitations of sensitivity to low temperature and the grain has drawbacks in relation to functionality and digestibility. The objectives of this study are: 1. To promote seed germination at low temperature and to enhance the seedling cold tolerance. 2. To enhance the grain digestibility and functionality. In an attempt to augment cold tolerance, we introduced the glycine rich RNA binding protein gene atRZ-1a from Arabidopsis, Bcl-2 mRNA sequence 725-1428 representing the 3 non coding region of the gene from humans and rice Ca-dependent protein kinase 7 (OsCDPK7), all of which are known to improve the cold tolerance of plants. None of these genes resulted in the improvement of cold tolerance in sorghum. On
David R. Foster1. Four great ice ages covered large parts of the upper northern hemisphere under solid ice as thick as one mile. The last glacier began to retreat from the future northeastern United States around 10,000 B.C.E., leaving a changed landscape with deeper valleys and huge inland seas. The residual glacial till, gravel, sand, and clay gradually broke down to create soil that allowed creeping, cold-tolerant plants to form a cover of tundra. The climate slowly warmed, and trees took root; a boreal forest of spruce and fir grew first. Pine and hemlock followed, joined later by hardwoods- maple, beech, and birch, then hickory, oak, and ash. This forest would continually change in response to climate, fire, new species, wind, disease, and human activity.. With the increasing vegetation, including nutritious plants that supported a variety of animals, predecessors of the Algonquin and Iroquois arrived. They lived here for thousands of years as hunter-gatherers, moving periodically to take ...
List of 71 causes for Cold hands and Cold sensitivity, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
When I came back I tentatively mentioned it to Mike, perhaps expecting a sort of a cold response, but he didnt! He was immediately enthusiastic about the idea and we had to verify a few things. First we needed to make sure that he could apply for an unpaid leave of absence and get back to his job an salary (check!) and that I could on the other hand keep my salary or it would have been a serious problem (check!!). Mike was so on board that he even said "maybe I can also do some work in some lab.." wow!! I immediately emailed the colleague in Davis and I mean, who wouldnt want a very experience, hands on post doc for free? He got back within minutes saying his colleagues would be fighting over him, no question! Apparently Davis is extremely family oriented and if Mike works then we have to look into childcare, but should not be a major issue. I would hope that my parents will spend maybe even a month there and could help. Renting somewhere should also be very very easy, Im assuming renting a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Can the exceptional chilling tolerance of C4 photosynthesis found in Miscanthus ;× giganteus be exceeded? Screening of a novel Miscanthus Japanese germplasm collection. AU - Głowacka, Katarzyna. AU - Jørgensen, Uffe. AU - Kjeldsen, Jens B.. AU - Kørup, Kirsten. AU - Spitz, Idan. AU - Sacks, Erik J.. AU - Long, Stephen P.. PY - 2015/5/1. Y1 - 2015/5/1. N2 - Background and Aims A clone of the hybrid perennial C4 grass Miscanthus ;× giganteus (Mxg) is known for achieving exceptionally high rates of leaf CO2 uptake during chilling. This is a requisite of success in the early spring, as is the ability of the leaves to survive occasional frosts. The aim of this study was to search for genotypes with greater potential than Mxg for photosynthesis and frost survival under these conditions. Methods A total of 864 accessions representing 164 local populations of M. sacchariflorus (Msa), M. sinensis (Msi) and M. tinctorius (Mti) collected across Japan were studied. Accessions whose ...
List of causes of Cold sensitivity and Fainting, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Despite its call for a peaceful resolution to the [Diaoyu] islands row, Japan spared no efforts during Japanese Foreign Minister Koichiro Gembas visits to France, Britain and Germany last week to argue in favor of its claim to the islands. But those on the trips only received a cold response when they brought up the dispute, reported Japanese newspaper Mainichi Shimbun, saying that none of the three countries visited has taken a position in the matter. When asked whether support was obtained during the trip, Gemba did not respond directly, only saying that each of the three parties is in a different situation and no details about the matter can be disclosed, Kyodo reported ...
In this new paper, we report that CD137, a cell surface protein used in several studies as a marker for beige adipocytes, is detectable at the protein in beige adipocytes in vivo or in vitro, and its expression is not upregulated by adrenergic stimulation or cold exposure, as expected for a beige cell marker. Moreover, CD1377 knock-out mice showed elevated levels of thermogenic markers, including UCP1, increased numbers of beige adipocyte precursors, and expanded UCP1-expressing cell clusters in inguinal WAT after chronic cold exposure. CD137 knock-out mice also showed enhanced cold resistance. These results indicate that CD137 functions as a negative regulator of "browning" in white adipose tissue, and call into question the use of this protein as a functional marker for beige adipocytes.. The paper has just been published in The Journal of Biological Chemistry.. ...
It gives them a chance to train and get smart on what they have to do and what their capabilities are, so later on down the road when it counts, they can perform effectively and efficiently.. Working alongside our coalition partners out there will be a great experience for everybody.. Most of them havent worked with bombers for these types of missions before.. We have a longer duration and a lot wider turn radius than some of the fighters, so theyre going to have to find a new pacing for calling us in for close air support. But I promise that bomber CAS is worth the wait.. Previously, the B-52s bombers were deployed for the Norwegian-led Cold Response 16, a large-scale Nato military training exercise in the Trondelag region of Norway, comprising air, ground and maritime operations.. ...

Cold-shock response and cold-shock proteins.  - PubMed - NCBICold-shock response and cold-shock proteins. - PubMed - NCBI

Cold-shock proteins are synthesized to overcome the deleterious effects of cold shock. CspA, the major cold-shock protein of ... Cold-shock response and cold-shock proteins.. Phadtare S1, Alsina J, Inouye M. ... Both prokaryotes and eukaryotes exhibit a cold-shock response upon an abrupt temperature downshift. ... existence of multiple families in many organisms suggest that these proteins are indispensable for survival during cold-shock ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10322168?dopt=Abstract

Cold shock response - WikipediaCold shock response - Wikipedia

physiological response to sudden exposure to cold Cold shock response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold ... especially cold water. In humans, cold shock response is perhaps the most common cause of death from immersion in very cold ... It is possible to undergo physiological conditioning to reduce the cold shock response, and some people are naturally better ... The immediate shock of the cold causes involuntary inhalation, which if underwater can result in drowning. The cold water can ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_shock_response

Cold Shock Response of Bacillus subtilis: Isoleucine-Dependent Switch in the Fatty Acid Branching Pattern for Membrane...Cold Shock Response of Bacillus subtilis: Isoleucine-Dependent Switch in the Fatty Acid Branching Pattern for Membrane...

... subtilis and the gene is induced severalfold by cold shock, null mutant strains show no defect in their cold shock response ... the cold shock proteins and the cold acclimatization proteins, respectively, with the cold shock proteins thought to play a ... subtilis to survive cold shock from 37 to 15°C. Cold shock experiments with strain JH642 revealed a cold-protective function ... Cold shock in the absence of isoleucine (●) abolished growth. The addition of 100 μM isoleucine prior to cold shock (■) permits ...
more infohttps://jb.asm.org/content/181/17/5341?ijkey=450fde8e8bc78904f4bacdca91484f41c4819ba6&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Cold Shock Response | Dangers and Training • Big SwingsCold Shock Response | Dangers and Training • Big Swings

Cold Shock Response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold, in this case humans and cold water. ... Cold Shock Response , Dangers and Training. Cold Shock Response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold-in ... Cold Shock Response, Condition, Death, Education, News, Practice, Response, Safety, Safety First, Save, Shock, Study, Train ... Some humans are better capable of surviving Cold Shock Response than others depending on body fat and physical fitness. Cold ...
more infohttps://www.bigswings.com/cold-shock-response/

Cold Shock Response | Dangers and Training • Big SwingsCold Shock Response | Dangers and Training • Big Swings

Cold Shock Response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold, in this case humans and cold water. ... Cold Shock Response , Dangers and Training. Cold Shock Response is the physiological response of organisms to sudden cold-in ... Cold Shock Response, Condition, Death, Education, News, Practice, Response, Safety, Safety First, Save, Shock, Study, Train ... Some humans are better capable of surviving Cold Shock Response than others depending on body fat and physical fitness. Cold ...
more infohttps://www.bigswings.com/2016/02/21/cold-shock-response/

NAVER Academic | Effect of benzyl alcohol and ethanol on cold-shock response ofBacillus subtilisNAVER Academic | Effect of benzyl alcohol and ethanol on cold-shock response ofBacillus subtilis

Benzyl alcohol and ethanol were found to exhibit an opposite effect on cold adaptation ofBacillus subtilis. The growth lag ... fluorescence data indicates that the control of membrane structure represents an important part of bacterial adaptation to cold ... Effect of benzyl alcohol and ethanol on cold-shock response ofBacillus subtilis. Author. J. Svobodová, I. Konopásek, F. ... Benzyl alcohol and ethanol were found to exhibit an opposite effect on cold adaptation ofBacillus subtilis. The growth lag ...
more infohttp://academic.naver.com/article.naver?doc_id=34670555

Role of the ribosome-associated protein PY in the cold-shock response ofEscherichia coli | Pubblicazioni Scientifiche UnicamRole of the ribosome-associated protein PY in the cold-shock response ofEscherichia coli | Pubblicazioni Scientifiche Unicam

Role of the ribosome-associated protein PY in the cold-shock response ofEscherichia coli. ... Role of the ribosome-associated protein PY in the cold-shock response ofEscherichia coli ... cold shock and to reconcile the inhibition caused by PY with the active translation observed for some mRNAs during cold shock. ... cold shock and to reconcile the inhibition caused by PY with the active translation observed for some mRNAs during cold shock. ...
more infohttps://pubblicazioni.unicam.it/handle/11581/311187

Cold Shock of a Hyperthermophilic Archaeon: Pyrococcus furiosus Exhibits Multiple Responses to a Suboptimal Growth Temperature...Cold Shock of a Hyperthermophilic Archaeon: Pyrococcus furiosus Exhibits Multiple Responses to a Suboptimal Growth Temperature...

... cold shock responses, in addition to the cold adaptation response, and that these three cellular responses involve very ... The early shock response.The early cold shock response seen within 1 to 2 h of shifting to 72°C is characterized by the up- ... RbfA, a 30S ribosomal binding factor, is a cold-shock protein whose absence triggers the cold-shock response. Mol. Microbiol. ... if these organisms possess a cold shock response, it is novel and distinct from the previously characterized cold shock ...
more infohttps://jb.asm.org/content/187/1/336

The Microbiological Risk Assessment of Food | Microbiology Food Safety & Security | General & Introductory Food Science &...The Microbiological Risk Assessment of Food | Microbiology' Food Safety & Security | General & Introductory Food Science &...

Microbial response to stress; Response to pH stress; Heat- and cold shock response; Response to osmotic shock; Response to high ... Dose-response assessment; Dose-response models; Dose and infection; Risk Characterization; Production of a formal report; ...
more infohttps://www.wiley.com/en-us/The+Microbiological+Risk+Assessment+of+Food-p-9780632059522

Stress Response Protein Cirp Links Inflammation and Tumorigenesis in Colitis-Associated Cancer | Cancer ResearchStress Response Protein Cirp Links Inflammation and Tumorigenesis in Colitis-Associated Cancer | Cancer Research

Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) triggers inflammatory responses in hemorrhagic shock and sepsis. Nat Med 2013;19:1489 ... Cold shock response in mammalian cells. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 1999;1:243-55. ... We assessed the involvement of stress response protein cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (Cirp) in the development of ... was originally identified in the testis as the first mammalian cold shock protein (17) and is suggested to mediate the ...
more infohttp://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/74/21/6119

Diving reflex - WikipediaDiving reflex - Wikipedia

Cold shock response is the initial reaction to immersion in cold water. It generally starts with a gasp reflex in response to ... Cold shock response - Physiological response to sudden exposure to cold. * Bradycardia - Heart rate that is below the normal ... Thermal balance responses[edit]. The unprotected human body responds to cold water immersion in a progression from a stress ... Bradycardia is the response to facial contact with cold water: the human heart rate slows down ten to twenty-five percent.[7] ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diving_reflex

Metagenomic Analysis of Stress Genes in Microbial Mat Communities from Antarctica and the High ArcticMetagenomic Analysis of Stress Genes in Microbial Mat Communities from Antarctica and the High Arctic

Cold shock response of Bacillus subtilis: isoleucine-dependent switch in the fatty acid branching pattern for membrane ... Recent developments in bacterial cold-shock response. Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. 6:125-136 [PubMed] ... Genes coding for functional responses to environmental stress (exopolysaccharides, cold shock proteins, and membrane ... Among non-cold-related stress genes, copper homeostasis and the sigma B stress response subsystems differed significantly. The ...
more infohttp://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3255749/?lang=en-ca

Analysis of Cell Membrane Characteristics of In Vitro-Selected Daptomycin-Resistant Strains of Methicillin-Resistant...Analysis of Cell Membrane Characteristics of In Vitro-Selected Daptomycin-Resistant Strains of Methicillin-Resistant...

Cold shock response of Bacillus subtilis: isoleucine-dependent switch in the fatty acid branching pattern for membrane ... This observation raises a number of possibilities: (i) alterations in CM fluidity are a nonspecific response mechanism in S. ... it also is possible that the CW thickening is merely a nonspecific secondary adaptive response to a primary alteration in CM ...
more infohttps://aac.asm.org/content/53/6/2312?ijkey=852763c98aaba0fee755a4db6a06754424096126&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Biological process and function GO-term-enriched graph  | Open-iBiological process and function GO-term-enriched graph | Open-i

Biological process and function GO-term-enriched graph of late long-term-induced unigenes in response to cold stress. The ... Cold-Shock Response/physiology*. *Gene Expression Regulation, Plant/physiology*. *Olea/physiology*. *Plant Leaves/metabolism* ... DSU033F9: Biological process and function GO-term-enriched graph of late long-term-induced unigenes in response to cold stress ... DSU033F9: Biological process and function GO-term-enriched graph of late long-term-induced unigenes in response to cold stress ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4379972_dsu03309&req=4

William Lawrence Kenney, Jr. - Research Output
     - Penn StateWilliam Lawrence Kenney, Jr. - Research Output - Penn State

Human cardiovascular responses to passive heat stress. Kenney, W. L., Jan 1 2008, In : Journal of Physiology. 586, 1, 1 p.. ... Muscle sympathetic nerve activity during cold stress and isometric exercise in healthy older adults. Greaney, J. L., Stanhewicz ... Responses of lean and obese boys to repeated summer exercise in the heat bouts. Dougherty, K. A., Chow, M. & Kenney, W. L., Feb ... Lack of limb or sex differences in the cutaneous vascular responses to exogenous norepinephrine. Greaney, J. L., Stanhewicz, A ...
more infohttps://pennstate.pure.elsevier.com/en/persons/william-lawrence-kenney-jr/publications/?type=%2Fdk%2Fatira%2Fpure%2Fresearchoutput%2Fresearchoutputtypes%2Fcontributiontojournal%2Farticle

ASMscience | Microbial Adaptation toASMscience | Microbial Adaptation to

In order to gain further insight into the nature of elevated pressure as a stress, the response of Escherichia coli to pressure ... One of the classic responses of mesophilic microbial cells to growth-permissive elevated pressure is the impairment of cell ... cold seeps, and whale falls. Culture-independent analyses of microbial diversity in low-temperature deep-ocean habitats have ... Phadtare, S. 2004. Recent developments in bacterial cold-shock response. Curr. Issues Mol. Biol. 6:125-136.. ...
more infohttp://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555815813.ch25

Alternative Promoters Regulate Cold Inducible RNA-Binding ( CIRP) Gene Expression and Enhance Transgene Expression in Mammalian...Alternative Promoters Regulate Cold Inducible RNA-Binding ( CIRP) Gene Expression and Enhance Transgene Expression in Mammalian...

The responses of mammalian cells to heat stress are well... ... Cold-shock Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein Promoters ... Underhill, M. F., & Smales, C. M. (2007). The cold-shock response in mammalian cells: Investigating the HeLa cell cold-shock ... Al-Fageeh, M. B., & Smales, C. M. (2006). Control and regulation of the cellular responses to cold shock: The responses in ... The cold-shock response in cultured mammalian cells: Harnessing the response for the improvement of recombinant protein ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12033-013-9649-5

Diving reflex - WikipediaDiving reflex - Wikipedia

Cold shock response is the initial reaction to immersion in cold water. It generally starts with a gasp reflex in response to ... Cold shock response - Physiological response to sudden exposure to cold. *Bradycardia - Heart rate that is below the normal ... Thermal balance responsesEdit. The unprotected human body responds to cold water immersion in a progression from a stress ... Bradycardia is the response to facial contact with cold water: the human heart rate slows down ten to twenty-five percent.[7] ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diving_reflex

Listeria monocytogenes LO28: Surface Physicochemical Properties and Ability To Form Biofilms at Different Temperatures and...Listeria monocytogenes LO28: Surface Physicochemical Properties and Ability To Form Biofilms at Different Temperatures and...

Cold shock response and low temperature adaptation in psychrotrophic bacteria. J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 1:211-219. ... From a practical point of view, our results demonstrate that the use of PTFE (hydrophobic) surfaces in cold rooms may minimize ...
more infohttps://aem.asm.org/content/68/2/728?ijkey=de75052c4301b6d1a5ea3bf692d6d0a8b3628713&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

16S rRNA gene sequencing and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry based comparative assessment and bioprospection of psychrotolerant...16S rRNA gene sequencing and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry based comparative assessment and bioprospection of psychrotolerant...

Hébraud M, Potier P (1999) Cold shock response and low temperature adaptation in psychrotrophic bacteria. Mol Microbiol ... The extreme cold environments restrict the normal life and are mainly inhabited by the cold-adapted microorganisms. ... Bioprospection of cold-adapted microorganisms, with their ability to produce cold-active biomolecules, is evolving as an ... Russell NJ (1990) Cold adaptation of microorganisms. Philos Trans R Soc Lond 326:595-611CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs42452-019-0273-2

Vibrio Ecology in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, Characterized by Next-Generation Amplicon Sequencing of the Gene...Vibrio Ecology in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, Characterized by Next-Generation Amplicon Sequencing of the Gene...

Cold shock response and major cold shock proteins of Vibrio cholerae. Appl Environ Microbiol 69:6361-6369. doi:10.1128/AEM. ... The heat shock protein 60 gene (hsp60) is an excellent marker for differentiating closely related taxa, since it is protein ... In response to Hurricane Matthew, sampling was increased from biweekly to weekly from the first poststorm sampling date on 17 ... Growth response of Vibrio cholerae and other Vibrio spp. to cyanobacterial dissolved organic matter and temperature in brackish ...
more infohttps://aem.asm.org/content/84/13/e00333-18

Get Biology Essays, Research Papers & Term Papers HereGet Biology Essays, Research Papers & Term Papers Here

Cold Shock Response and Hyphal Growth Rate of Neurospora crass, exposed to Various Time Phase at 4oC.. ... light microscope to ...
more infohttp://igfremote.info/subject/biology

Dewailly E[au] - PubMed - NCBIDewailly E[au] - PubMed - NCBI

Cold/menthol TRPM8 receptors initiate the cold-shock response and protect germ cells from cold-shock-induced oxidation. ... Epidermal TRPM8 channel isoform controls the balance between keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation in a cold-dependent ... Prenatal tobacco exposure and response inhibition in school-aged children: an event-related potential study. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Dewailly+E%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50

Frontiers | Cold Shock Proteins: A Minireview with Special Emphasis on Csp-family of Enteropathogenic Yersinia | MicrobiologyFrontiers | Cold Shock Proteins: A Minireview with Special Emphasis on Csp-family of Enteropathogenic Yersinia | Microbiology

Many bacteria produce small cold shock proteins (Csp) as a response to rapid temperature downshift (cold shock). During cold ... as a response to rapid temperature downshift (cold shock). During cold shock, the cell membrane fluidity and enzyme activity ... However, some Csps are non-cold inducible and they are reported to be involved in various cellular processes to promote normal ... However, some Csps are non-cold inducible and they are reported to be involved in various cellular processes to promote normal ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01151/full
  • Here, we report on the importance of isoleucine for B. subtilis to survive cold shock from 37 to 15°C. Cold shock experiments with strain JH642 revealed a cold-protective function for all intermediates of anteiso-branched fatty acid biosynthesis. (asm.org)
  • Fatty acid profiles of different B. subtilis wild-type strains proved the altered branching pattern by an increase in the anteiso-branched fatty acid content and a concomitant decrease of iso-branched species during cold shock. (asm.org)
  • The switch to a fatty acid profile dominated by anteiso-C 15:0 and C 17:0 at low temperatures and the cold-sensitive phenotype of isoleucine-deficient strains in the absence of isoleucine focused our attention on the critical role of anteiso-branched fatty acids in the growth of B. subtilis in the cold. (asm.org)
  • Benzyl alcohol and ethanol were found to exhibit an opposite effect on cold adaptation ofBacillus subtilis. (naver.com)
  • This organism contains eight CspA homologs (CspB to -I), although only four (CspA, -B, -G, and -I) are cold inducible ( 54 ). (asm.org)
  • Some people are much better able to survive swimming in very cold water due to body or mental conditioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] In these ways, winter swimmers can survive both the initial shock and prolonged exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Processes such as cold signal perception, membrane adaptation, and the modification of the translation apparatus are involved. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two major membrane proteins were evident after one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel analysis of cold-adapted cells, and staining revealed them to be glycoproteins. (asm.org)
  • Extreme cold is an overarching stress in the polar regions because it drastically modifies the physical-chemical environment of living cells, with effects on biochemical reaction rates, substrate transport, membrane fluidity, and conformation of macromolecules, such as DNA and proteins ( 45 , 61 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • During cold shock, the cell membrane fluidity and enzyme activity decrease, and the efficiency of transcription and translation is reduced due to stabilization of nucleic acid secondary structures. (frontiersin.org)
  • We assessed the involvement of stress response protein cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (Cirp) in the development of intestinal inflammation and CAC. (aacrjournals.org)
  • As the two CIRP promoters were transcriptionally active and possibly cold responsive, we used electrophoretic mobility shift assays to show that both promoter regions are able to bind factors within a nuclear extract in a dose-dependent manner and that the formation of these complexes was specific to the promoter regions. (springer.com)
  • To improve next-generation sequencing (NGS) surveys of Vibrio , we have conducted both 16S small subunit rRNA and heat shock protein 60 ( hsp60 ) amplicon sequencing of water samples collected at two well-studied locations in the Neuse River Estuary, NC. (asm.org)
  • In addition, the sav1322 mutant displays altered expression of proteins involved in carbohydrate/energy metabolism, cell wall metabolism, and stress or heat shock response, as well as other metabolic processes including lipid metabolism, amino acid biosynthesis, purine or pyrimidine metabolism, transcription, and protein biosynthesis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Systematic identification and characterization of stress-inducible heat shock proteins (HSPs) in the salmon louse (Lepeophtheirus salmonis). (fbn-dummerstorf.de)
  • Microbial mats dominated by cyanobacteria are commonly found in extreme environments, such as geothermal springs, hypersaline basins, ultraoligotrophic ponds, and hot and cold desert soils ( 10 , 14 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Organisms use different numbers and types of desaturase enzymes (for a review, see reference 5 ), frequently having one housekeeping enzyme and other cold-inducible ones ( 10 , 11 , 29 ). (asm.org)
  • Other cold-inducible proteins in E. coli include initiation factor 2 (IF2) ( 7 , 13 ), ribosomal binding factor A (RbfA) ( 22 ), and DEAD-box RNA helicase ( 4 , 23 , 37 ), all of which associate with the ribosome and are believed to play a role in protein synthesis. (asm.org)
  • The genome of the psychrotrophic methanogen Methanococcoides burtonii contains a gene ( deaD ) encoding a DEAD-box RNA helicase, and this was shown to be cold inducible ( 31 ). (asm.org)
  • However, some Csps are non-cold inducible and they are reported to be involved in various cellular processes to promote normal growth and stress adaptation responses. (frontiersin.org)
  • Their cold-induced expression evident from the DNA microarray analysis was confirmed by quantitative PCR. (asm.org)
  • Nevertheless, the human organism is not suited to freezing water: the struggle to maintain blood temperature (by swimming or conditioned metabolic response) produces great fatigue after thirty minutes or less. (wikipedia.org)
  • Temperatures above 0°C are usually associated with an adaptive response, whereas subzero temperatures cause a block of metabolic activity and cell growth for most organisms ( 37 , 38 ). (asm.org)
  • Additionally, the metabolic accumulation of hemicellulose-derived sugars and sugar alcohols concomitant with increased abundance of enzymes involved in C5 sugar metabolism/pentose phosphate pathway indicates that C. thermocellum shifts glycolytic intermediates to alternate pathways to modulate overall carbon flux in response to C5 sugar metabolites that increase during lignocellulose deconstruction. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Deletion of yfiA, the gene encoding protein PY, demonstrates that this protein is dispensable for cold adaptation and is not responsible for the shutdown of bulk protein synthesis at the onset of the stress, although it is able to partially inhibit translation. (unicam.it)
  • After a lag phase of several hours, general protein synthesis and cell growth resume at a much slower rate, and production of most of the cold shock proteins decreases to a basal level. (asm.org)
  • Samples were collected between May and December 2016 with enhanced sampling efforts in response to two named storms. (asm.org)
  • Cold water swimmers are known to train for cold water shock by exposing themselves to ten degree celsius waters in the shower for three-minute periods. (bigswings.com)
  • The Cip proteins may represent a general prokaryotic-type cold response mechanism that is present even in hyperthermophilic archaea. (asm.org)
  • We analyzed the metagenomes of cyanobacterial mats from Arctic and Antarctic ice shelves, using high-throughput pyrosequencing to test the hypotheses that consortia from these extreme polar habitats were similar in terms of major phyla and subphyla and consequently in their potential responses to environmental stresses. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • This article is meant to educate the Cliff Jumping Community about the symptoms of Cold Shock Response and how to combat these deadly effects. (bigswings.com)
  • Lasting anywhere from 30 seconds to a few minutes, the cold shock response can be deadly on its own. (soundingsonline.com)
  • To be able to efficiently control psychrotrophic Yersinia during food production and storage, it is essential to understand the functions and roles of Csps in stress response of enteropathogenic Yersinia . (frontiersin.org)
  • S. aureus has survived and thrived over the years in part because of its adaptability and stress response capabilities. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A period of 1 or 24 h of cold stress (5 °C) resulted in a significant decrease of acetylcholine (ACh) concentration in the hypothalamus and hippocampus in rats. (elsevier.com)
  • Phadtare, 2004 ) and the production of Cips increases with the severity of the cold shock ( Hébraud and Potier, 1999 ). (frontiersin.org)