A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Refusal to admit the truth or reality of a situation or experience.
Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.
Creation and development of bodies within solar systems, includes study of early planetary geology.
Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The wounding of the body or body parts by branding, cutting, piercing (BODY PIERCING), or TATTOOING as a cultural practice or expression of creativity or identity.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.

Low-temperature sensitivity and enhanced Bohr effect in red deer (Cervus elaphus) haemoglobin: a molecular adaptive strategy to life at high altitude and low temperature. (1/187)

A study of the functional properties of haemoglobin from red deer (Cervus elaphus) whose habitat varies over a wide range of latitude, was performed. The oxygen-binding properties of the most common haemoglobin phenotype from the species living in Sardinia were examined with particular attention to the effect of pH, chloride, 2, 3-bisphosphoglycerate and temperature. Results indicate that red deer haemoglobin, like all haemoglobins from ruminants so far examined, is characterized by a low intrinsic oxygen affinity, with chloride being its main physiological modulator in vivo. The functional results and the low temperature sensitivity of the oxygen affinity are discussed in the light of the amino acid sequence of closely related ruminant haemoglobins.  (+info)

Acclimation of Arabidopsis leaves developing at low temperatures. Increasing cytoplasmic volume accompanies increased activities of enzymes in the Calvin cycle and in the sucrose-biosynthesis pathway. (2/187)

Photosynthetic and metabolic acclimation to low growth temperatures were studied in Arabidopsis (Heynh.). Plants were grown at 23 degrees C and then shifted to 5 degrees C. We compared the leaves shifted to 5 degrees C for 10 d and the new leaves developed at 5 degrees C with the control leaves on plants that had been left at 23 degrees C. Leaf development at 5 degrees C resulted in the recovery of photosynthesis to rates comparable with those achieved by control leaves at 23 degrees C. There was a shift in the partitioning of carbon from starch and toward sucrose (Suc) in leaves that developed at 5 degrees C. The recovery of photosynthetic capacity and the redirection of carbon to Suc in these leaves were associated with coordinated increases in the activity of several Calvin-cycle enzymes, even larger increases in the activity of key enzymes for Suc biosynthesis, and an increase in the phosphate available for metabolism. Development of leaves at 5 degrees C also led to an increase in cytoplasmic volume and a decrease in vacuolar volume, which may provide an important mechanism for increasing the enzymes and metabolites in cold-acclimated leaves. Understanding the mechanisms underlying such structural changes during leaf development in the cold could result in novel approaches to increasing plant yield.  (+info)

Accumulation of small heat-shock protein homologs in the endoplasmic reticulum of cortical parenchyma cells in mulberry in association with seasonal cold acclimation. (3/187)

Cortical parenchyma cells of mulberry (Morus bombycis Koidz.) trees acquire extremely high freezing tolerance in winter as a result of seasonal cold acclimation. The amount of total proteins in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-enriched fractions isolated from these cells increased in parallel with the process of cold acclimation. Protein compositions in the ER-enriched fraction also changed seasonally, with a prominent accumulation of 20-kD (WAP20) and 27-kD (WAP27) proteins in winter. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of WAP20 exhibited homology to ER-localized small heat-shock proteins (smHSPs), whereas that of WAP27 did not exhibit homology to any known proteins. Like other smHSPs, WAP20 formed a complex of high molecular mass in native-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Furthermore, not only WAP20 but also 21-kD proteins reacted with antibodies against WAP20. Fractionation of the crude microsomes by isopycnic sucrose-gradient centrifugation revealed that both WAP27 and WAP20 were distributed on a density corresponding to the fractions with higher activity of ER marker enzyme, suggesting localization of these proteins in the ER. When ER-enriched fractions were treated with trypsin in the absence of detergent, WAP20 and WAP27 were undigested, suggesting localization of these proteins inside the ER vesicle. The accumulation of a large quantity of smHSPs in the ER in winter as a result of seasonal cold acclimation indicates that these proteins may play a significant role in the acquisition of freezing tolerance in cortical parenchyma cells of mulberry trees.  (+info)

Y-Chromosome evidence for a northward migration of modern humans into Eastern Asia during the last Ice Age. (4/187)

The timing and nature of the arrival and the subsequent expansion of modern humans into eastern Asia remains controversial. Using Y-chromosome biallelic markers, we investigated the ancient human-migration patterns in eastern Asia. Our data indicate that southern populations in eastern Asia are much more polymorphic than northern populations, which have only a subset of the southern haplotypes. This pattern indicates that the first settlement of modern humans in eastern Asia occurred in mainland Southeast Asia during the last Ice Age, coinciding with the absence of human fossils in eastern Asia, 50,000-100,000 years ago. After the initial peopling, a great northward migration extended into northern China and Siberia.  (+info)

Seasonal variations in coronary heart disease. (5/187)

Coronary heart disease exhibits a winter peak and summer trough in incidence and mortality, in countries both north and south of the equator. In England and Wales, the winter peak accounts for an additional 20,000 deaths per annum. It is likely that this reflects seasonal variations in risk factors. Seasonal variations have been demonstrated in a number of lifestyle risk factors such a physical activity and diet. However, a number of studies have also suggested a direct effect of environmental temperature on physiological and rheological factors. We review the available evidence on seasonal variations in coronary heart disease and possible explanations for them.  (+info)

New psychrophilic and psychrotolerant Bacillus marinus strains from tropical and polar deep-sea sediments and emended description of the species. (6/187)

In contrast to the current view that psychrophily combined with an absolute requirement for NaCl is connected with the Gram-negative cell wall type, psychrophilic and psychrotolerant, NaCl-requiring, Gram-positive bacteria have been isolated from tropical Atlantic, Arctic and Antarctic deep-sea sediments. Some of the isolates are even extremely psychrophilic, having maximum growth temperatures of 4 degrees C. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, DNA base analyses, DNA-DNA hybridizations and partial and complete 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses, the strains from the three distinct geographical regions have been allocated to the obligately marine species Bacillus marinus. The distribution and origin of B. marinus are discussed and an emended description of the species is presented.  (+info)

Heat-shock protein expression is absent in the antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii (family Nototheniidae). (7/187)

The heat-shock response, the enhanced expression of one or more classes of molecular chaperones termed heat-shock proteins (hsps) in response to stress induced by high temperatures, is commonly viewed as a 'universal' characteristic of organisms. We examined the occurrence of the heat-shock response in a highly cold-adapted, stenothermal Antarctic teleost fish, Trematomus bernacchii, to determine whether this response has persisted in a lineage that has encountered very low and stable temperatures for at least the past 14-25 million years. The patterns of protein synthesis observed in in vivo metabolic labelling experiments that involved injection of (35)S-labelled methionine and cysteine into whole fish previously subjected to a heat stress of 10 degrees C yielded no evidence for synthesis of any size class of heat-shock protein. Parallel in vivo labelling experiments with isolated hepatocytes similarly showed significant amounts of protein synthesis, but no indication of enhanced expression of any class of hsp. The heavy metal cadmium, which is known to induce synthesis of hsps, also failed to alter the pattern of proteins synthesized in hepatocytes. Although stress-induced chaperones could not be detected under any of the experimental condition used, solid-phase antibody (western) analysis revealed that a constitutively expressed 70 kDa chaperone was present in this species, as predicted on the basis of requirements for chaperoning during protein synthesis. Amounts of the constitutively expressed 70 kDa chaperone increased in brain, but not in gill, during 22 days of acclimation to 5 degrees C. The apparent absence of a heat-shock response in this highly stenothermal species is interpreted as an indication that a physiological capacity observed in almost all other organisms has been lost as a result of the absence of positive selection during evolution at stable sub-zero temperatures. Whether the loss of the heat-shock response is due to dysfunctional genes for inducible hsps (loss of open reading frames or functional regulatory regions), unstable messenger RNAs, the absence of a functional heat-shock factor or some other lesion remains to be determined.  (+info)

Mitochondrial oxyconformity and cold adaptation in the polychaete Nereis pelagica and the bivalve Arctica islandica from the Baltic and White Seas. (8/187)

The rates of oxygen uptake of the marine polychaete Nereis pelagica and the bivalve Arctica islandica depend on the availability of ambient oxygen. This is manifest both at the tissue level and in isolated mitochondria studied between oxygen tensions (P(O2)) of 6.3 and 47.6 kPa (47-357 mmHg). Oxyconformity was found in both Baltic Sea (Kiel Bight) and cold-adapted White Sea populations of the two species. However, mitochondria isolated from White Sea specimens of N. pelagica and A. islandica showed a two- to threefold higher aerobic capacity than mitochondria prepared from Baltic Sea specimens. We tested whether mitochondrial oxyconformity can be explained by an additional electron pathway that is directly controlled by P(O2). Mitochondrial respiration of both invertebrate species was inhibited by cyanide (KCN) and by salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM). The overall rate of mitochondrial oxygen consumption increased at high P(O2). Phosphorylation efficiency (ADP/O ratio) decreased at elevated P(O2) (27.5-47.6 kPa, 206-357 mmHg), regardless of whether malate or succinate was used as a substrate. In contrast to the invertebrate mitochondria studied, mitochondria isolated from bovine heart, as an oxyregulating control species, did not show an elevated rate of oxygen uptake at high P(O2) in any respiratory state, with the exception of state 2 malate respiration. In addition, rates of ATP formation, respiratory control ratios (RCR) and ADP/O ratios remained virtually unchanged or even tended to decreased. In conclusion, the comparison between mitochondria from oxyregulating and oxyconforming organisms supports the existence of an alternative oxidase in addition to the classical cytochrome c oxidase. In accordance with models discussed previously, oxidative phosphorylation does not explain the rate of mitochondrial oxygen consumption during progressive activation of the alternative electron transport system. We discuss the alternative system, thought to be adaptive in confined, usually hypoxic environments, where excess oxygen can be eliminated and oxygen levels can be kept low by an increase in the rate of oxygen consumption, thereby minimizing the risk of oxidative stress.  (+info)

Doctor answers on Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and More: Dr. Chen on how to cope cold climate raynauds: Wear clothes in layers and limit the time spent in the cold. A nuclear catastrophe is not imminent. The world is not going to end from radiation, heat waves, tornadoes, typhoons, lightening, floods, earthquakes, cold wave or any thing else like that. Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low fat milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex. for topic: How To Cope Cold Climate Raynauds
Article Hybrid activated sludge/biofilm process for the treatment of municipal wastewater in a cold climate region: a case study. A hybrid activated sludge/biofilm process was investigated for wastewater treatment in a cold climate region. This proce...
We are asking for photographs of dust storms and dust events in cold climates (or high latitude areas), southwest United States and Northern Mexico, and desert (or arid and semi arid) areas. Follow these steps on how to take photographs of the horizon, not the sky in the direction of the dust event. Different flyers are now available to print or share that you can use to spread the word! ...
Ventilation is critical in any climate because it replaces stale indoor air with fresh outdoor air, and flushes out potential pollutants caused by combustion appliances or offgassing materials. Ventilation is especially important in cold climates, where homes are often built tighter and allow less natural air leakage.. Ventilation also controls indoor humidity, which is created by activities like cooking, showering, and breathing. If moist air is not exhausted, it can build up to damaging levels, penetrate different parts of the home, such as the walls and roof, and potentially cause moisture problems like mold and rot.. You can add mechanical ventilation through fans, vent hoods, or with a heat-recovery ventilator (HRV), depending on the nature of the situation.. ...
The Role of Plant Fatty Acids in Regulation of the Adaptation of Organisms to the Cold Climate in Cryolithic Zone of Yakutia - Adaptation;cryoresistance;fatty acids;grass plant;Yakut horse;
The good news for rainbow trout and other aquatic species living downstream from gold mines is that the industry has largely succeeded in controlling deadly pollution from cyanide used as a leach reagent.. The bad news is that there are still plenty of potentially harmful components in mine wastewater that can be acutely toxic to fish and invertebrates. Among them is ammonia, produced through the use of ammonium-based explosives in blasting operations. Ammonia is also produced through the hydrolysis of the cyanates produced by oxidation of cyanide.. In response to the lethal threat that ammonia and other effluent components such as copper pose to aquatic environments, many countries have enacted comprehensive environmental regulations to control mine discharges. Until now, however, finding an approach effective in treating both ammonia and copper in cold climates has remained a challenge.. ...
Shop from the world's largest selection and best deals for Cold Climate Saline 4 (0 to 5 ° C) Plants, Seeds & Bulbs. Shop with confidence on eBay!
We know a lot about how carbon dioxide (CO2) levels can drive climate change, but how about the way that climate change can cause fluctuations in CO2 levels? New research from an international team of scientists reveals one of the mechanisms by which a colder climate was accompanied by depleted atmospheric CO2 during past ice ages.. The overall goal of the work is to better understand how and why the earth goes through periodic climate change, which could shed light on how man-made factors could affect the global climate.. Earths average temperature has naturally fluctuated by about 4 to 5 degrees Celsius over the course of the past million years as the planet has cycled in and out of glacial periods. During that time, the earths atmospheric CO2 levels have fluctuated between roughly 180 and 280 parts per million (ppm) every 100,000 years or so. (In recent years, man-made carbon emissions have boosted that concentration up to over 400 ppm.). About 10 years ago, researchers noticed a close ...
Be sure your doors fit in their frames and that they have a working rubber sweep on the bottom and that they meet an airtight gasket all around. If not, fix them before winter hits.. Frozen pipes are a huge problem in cold climates. We had trouble with our lines freezing, even though our water lines are eight feet underground. Being off grid, the water in our water lines doesnt move as often as it does in a normal system; our pump only kicks on when we throw the switch to fill our storage tanks in the basement. Therefore, the water sits in the line for hours and can freeze when the frost goes deep and the temperatures are sub-zero. To take care of that, Will installed a heat-line inside of the black plastic water pipe, pushed from our basement, back 100 feet with an electricians fish tape.. When installing a new water line in cold climates, it helps immensely to lay the water line, then add at least four inches of rigid insulation board (meant for soil contact) over the line to prevent ...
Of the skeletal muscles and heart masses examined in this study, only heart mass increased significantly with cold acclimation, and photoperiod did not significantly influence any of the muscle masses. Similar increases in both Ṁsum and heart mass in winter relative to summer for species wintering in cold climates (Swanson, 2010; Liknes and Swanson, 2011a) suggest that winter increments of heart mass are an important and general contributor to metabolic adjustments to cold climates in small birds. Moreover, these data suggest that temperature is the prominent driver of summer to winter variation in exercise organs in birds and that increases in heart mass in response to elevated thermogenic demands help drive winter increases in organismal thermogenic capacity. Heart mass is also positively correlated with maximum exercise metabolic capacity within individual house sparrows, Passer domesticus (Chappell et al., 1999), and red junglefowl, Gallus gallus (Hammond et al., 2000), suggesting that ...
Building envelopes are the bread and butter of our research, with a major focus on developing enclosures that are cost-effective, durable, and highly energy efficient. CCHRC tests and develops a wide variety of building systems for various regions, from the cold dry climate of Interior Alaska to the wet, windy communities of the Bering Sea coast.. Building envelopes must be thermally efficient as well as moisture safe to hold up over time in the north. They also need to be tailored to the location, as different materials are available on the road system than in a remote, fly-in village.. CCHRC continually engages with industry partners to develop the most cost-effective building envelopes possible. These are tested with a combination of computer modeling and physical testing in the Mobile Test Lab, where we build a variety of wall systems and simulate typical home conditions to monitor their performance over the changing seasons.. Used in over five tests since 2005, the Mobile Test Lab has nine ...
Im so glad to have you visit! If you are looking for help gardening in a challenging cold or short-season climate, youve come to the right place! Gardeni
Single-span bridges have abutments at each end that support the weight of the bridge and serve as retaining walls to resist lateral movement of the earthen fill of the bridge approach.[1] Multi-span bridges require piers to support the ends of spans between these abutments. In cold climates, the upstream edge of a pier may include a starkwater to prevent accumulation of broken ice during peak snowmelt flows. The starkwater has a sharpened upstream edge sometimes called a cutwater. The cutwater edge may be of concrete or masonry, but is often capped with a steel angle to resist abrasion and focus force at a single point to fracture floating pieces of ice striking the pier. In cold climates, the starling is typically sloped at an angle of about 45° so current pushing against the ice tends to lift the downstream edge of the ice translating horizontal force of the current to vertical force against a thinner cross-section of ice until unsupported weight of ice fractures the piece of ice allowing it ...
Realisation of Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB) for residential use cannot succeed without: minimising leakages, increasing thermal insulation and using reliable and energy efficient system solutions. However, very airtight houses may have a negative impact on thermal comfort and indoor air quality. Focussing on ventilation systems then becomes a requirement.. In cold climates, temperature differences between indoor and outdoor air often exceed 40 °C during winter. State-of-the-art heat recovery systems may not be able to handle these differences while providing proper air quality and preventing excessively dry indoor air.. The present study of energy recovery systems focuses on apartment buildings located in cold climates countries using central air handling units. Heat exchangers recovering sensible heat are compared with energy exchangers with recovery of both sensible and latent heat. For the latter, both adjacent and non-adjacent solutions are considered.. A specific net energy savings factor ...
Realisation of Zero Energy Buildings (ZEB) for residential use cannot succeed without: minimising leakages, increasing thermal insulation and using reliable and energy efficient system solutions. However, very airtight houses may have a negative impact on thermal comfort and indoor air quality. Focussing on ventilation systems then becomes a requirement.. In cold climates, temperature differences between indoor and outdoor air often exceed 40 °C during winter. State-of-the-art heat recovery systems may not be able to handle these differences while providing proper air quality and preventing excessively dry indoor air.. The present study of energy recovery systems focuses on apartment buildings located in cold climates countries using central air handling units. Heat exchangers recovering sensible heat are compared with energy exchangers with recovery of both sensible and latent heat. For the latter, both adjacent and non-adjacent solutions are considered.. A specific net energy savings factor ...
If you absolutely must drive in the snow, make sure you get some good practice in an empty parking lot before you actually have to drive somewhere for real.. Practice handling your vehicle in the event of a fishtail, which is when your back tires lose traction and your rear end skids to one side. Scary stuff.. To offset this, turn the front wheels in the SAME direction as the skid (for example: if your rear is swinging left, turn your wheel left as well). DO NOT overcorrect - this will just cause you to spin in the other direction. It also might be time to trade-in your coupe for a car with four wheel drive.. ...
Paints and coatings represent one of the major applications of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs). While it has been previously shown that NPs are released from painted surfaces, there is still a lack of experimental data on their release rates under natural conditions and on the size distributions of the NPs following relea
At the end of a routine consultation, Mr Howard playfully announced that romance was in the air. He said it with a wide smile, a twinkle in his eye and a wink. He is 85 years old. There was no hiding how delighted he was, and it made me grin from ear to ear to see it. How absolutely wonderful that this frail old man had found someone with whom to share his days at the ripe old age of 85. I couldnt have been happier for him. He offered to show me a photo. Reaching into his coat pocket he withdrew, not the gleaming photo that I was expecting, but a small white business card. A little unusual perhaps, but it did indeed include a tiny photo and he offered it to me with great relish. I was a little taken aback. I had, Im afraid, been expecting a little old lady in a floral dress and sensible shoes. Instead I saw the face of a rather pretty Thai woman who I guessed to be in her late 40s. Shes only 48 years old he told me proudly ...
On the afternoon before what turns out to be the worst blizzard in centuries, a young woman, dressed in a coat over an evening gown, flees from a Swiss chateau.
Cool climate Wildlife Food Plot Seed direct from Hancock Farm & Seed Company. Cold Temperature wildlife food plot seeds include oats, millets, chufas, vetch.
The current study highlights the effects of intra- and interspecific hybrid yeasts of the genus Saccharomyces (S.) on the alcoholic fermentation and formation of aroma compounds in cool climate Riesling wines. Three different hybrid yeasts: S. cerevisiae × S. paradoxus (SC × SP), S. cerevisiae × S. kudriavzevii (SC × SK) and S. cerevisiae var. cerevisiae × S. cerevisiae var. bayanus (SC × SB) were investigated. The species S. cerevisiae var. bayanus (SB) was chosen as control variant. It has been demonstrated that the hybrid yeasts have the ability to preserve positive properties while, suppressing undesired properties from the parental yeast species. The hybrid SC × SK showed an increase of desired acetate esters and monoterpenes. The concentrations of higher alcohols were higher in wines fermented by SC × SP, compared to the other variants. SC × SP fermentations resulted in decreased concentrations of l-malate and sulphites ...
The lack of an adequate ancient analogue for future climates means that we ultimately must use and trust climate models, evaluated against modern observation and our best geologic records of warm and cold climates of the past. Armed with an elevated confidence in the models, we will then be able to make reliable predictions of the Earths response to our risky experiment with the climate system.
Winter is here and the extremities of the climate can cause your blood sugar levels to rise. If you are a diabetic patient, this is the time to take some additional precautions to keep your sugar levels in check. Dont let the cold climate give you cold feet. Theres nothing to be worried about. Its all about that little extra care you need to take.. Why does our sugar level spike during winter? Cold is an extremity our body is unused to. This may cause a stress on our body and like all sorts of stress, cold too can raise your blood sugar levels. But it is not just the cold. Winter is also the time for all the celebrations what with the Sankrantis, Ugadis, Pongals and Lohris. While it is important to resist the temptations of our sweet tooth, it also makes sense to create a diabetes management plan exclusively for winters. Here are some tips to maintain the balance of your blood sugar level this season:. ...
Cold Climate Trees from Brighter Blooms... Versatile, beautiful and cold hardy trees that perform well even for northern homeowners ...
The growth performance of animals is often affected by extreme environmental conditions. In the case of swine, generally a cold environment will increase feed intake as the pig strives to maintain body temperature, while warmer environments may reduce growth, increase body maintenance demands, and subject the animal to environmental stress. Confinement houses are widely used as a primary means of modifying the environment to improve conditions for the growth of swine. Environment in these structures is usually controlled by natural or mechanical ventilation and by insulation for cold climates and limited use of evaporative cooling for summertime conditions. Most swine producers in Kentucky have growing-finishing production facilities that are naturally ventilated with curtains on both sidewalls. During the summer, the inside temperature of these facilities often reaches levels that can cause heat stress for the animals and adversely affect pig growth. Few hog houses are equipped with any method of
standard-size trees; they make good small garden trees and even grow well in wine half- barrels. Pear trees make excel- lent espaliers. All types have leathery, glossy bright green leaves and bear handsome clusters of white fl owers in early spring. Fruit is produced on knobby spurs that remain pro- ductive for up to 5 years. To produce good crops, pears need winter chill: 600 hours below 45°F (7°C) is a minimum, and most do better still with 900 hours. In cold climates, their early bloom makes them prone to damage from spring frosts. Hybrids between Euro- pean pears and the hardy P. ussuriensis, such as Ure, are worth trying in the coldest regions. Where winters are very mild, choose varieties needing little winter chill. Some low-chill types are Asian hybrids, crosses between European and ...
Our body maintains a constant body temperature by balancing heat lost and heat gained to keep out bodies at the optimum temperature which is 37 degrees Celcius.. When we go to places with high climates, our body temperature will increase, but receptors in our skin will detect the change in temperature sending a message to our brain (the processing centre), which will receive the information and co-ordinate a response, sending a message to the effector which in this case would be our sweat glands. We then release sweat which evaporates on the skin to cool us down and reduce our body temperature.. Similarly when we visit cold climates, receptors in the skin will detect the change in environment, but this time the effector would be our muscles. When we are cold, we shiver - this is basically our muscles rapidly contracting and releasing, which warms them up…. ...
While most types of brugmansia can thrive outdoors in warm climates, they need to be protected from freezing temps when growing brugmansia in cold climates. Follow the tips here for over-wintering brugmansia.
It is designed to maintain a strong seal in cold climates and applications where significant cooling occurs due to high pressure drop.
Merino are an ancient breed of very tough sheep and they are able to survive in extremely cold climates and very hot climates. The Merino base layer is made from 100% Merino yarn and has a very fine, lightweight and soft feel. They are also breathable in summer and warm in winter. This provides a base layer that is versatile and adaptive to varying conditions. For longer or multi-day adventures they are perfectly suited, where space and weight are at a premium. They do not retain body odour, allowing them to be worn multiple days in a row. These properties make them ideal for expedition length adventures as well as short training sessions - no need to wash them after these sessions.. The versatility and functionality of the base layer is really impressive and has the added benefit of being very comfortable with a slim fit design. The Merino wool also dries quickly after being fully immersed in water and even retains about 40% body heat when wet. It packs into a neat size and can be stored (when ...
The longer the trip, the lighter you should pack. This might seem strange, but its true you can afford to lug a heavy bag around for a week or two, but do you want to have anything extra for a year? Stick to the absolute basics and know what you can and cannot buy at your destination(s). Theres no point in bringing 6 months of toothpaste to Europe or buying a sarong at home to take to the tropics. If you are visiting several climates, try to arrange it so you visit the warmer places first and coldest last. That way you can purchase sweaters and long pants and not have to carry them any more than needed. Alternately, visit cold climates first and then ship unneeded layers home - or sell them off. A good rule of thumb is to bring one outfit for the hottest day youre likely to encounter, one for an average day, and one for the coldest. Make sure everything goes with everything else (if thats important to you), and remember that layers are always best ...
A common threat in cold climates to all members of the class Insecta is the danger of freezing in living tissues. Ice formation presents many hardships to biological systems, some more obvious than others. While the expanding nature of water molecules rupturing cell tissues may be apparent, even mechanisms that exclude ice to outside the cell can wreak havoc on cellular function. Highly concentrated solutes in extracellular ice can disrupt concentration gradients and force dehydration of tissue as well as distorting intercellular signaling. This severing of cellular communication requires that every cell function on its own during exposure to freezing temperatures. Thats a pretty scary prospect for a creature housing billions of cells in different kinds of tissues!. One of the strategies that insects (and other small animals and some plants) employ to survive harsh exposure is that of freeze avoidance. These creatures cannot withstand ice formation in the body and must develop an advanced ...
I just ran across this video on a non-profit farm on 3 acres in Wisconsin & they can grow food 365 days a year. They use an intricate system of vertical growing, composting, and fish farming (using pumps from the fish water up to water the plants & then filter back down through plants and pebbles back to the fish.. I think this is wickedly cool and amazing, and a very interesting idea for cold climates since the compost does get hot while breaking down.. Mind you, I dont have 3 acres (I think I have 1/8-1/4) and my dear husband would kill me if I put in a huge greenhouse. But I love the idea & would like to figure out how to do this on a smaller scale. What do you think?. ...
Do you cough, wheeze, or get short of breath when you exercise in cold weather? You could have asthma, but youve got plenty of company. Exercise-induced asthma is surprisingly common among people who work out in cold climates, whether theyre jogging around the neighborhood or gunning for gold in Vancouver.
And as I mentioned in my case, along with the neem oil or mosquito-eating fish options, you can also buy a type of bacteria that is lethal to mosquito larva. I get it at the local hardware chain and Ive seen it in granule form and in a floating wafer form that I just throw into my tubs of water. --Lee Poulsen Pasadena, California, USA - USDA Zone 10a Latitude 34°N, Altitude 1150 ft/350 m , On Apr 8, 2016, at 8:31 AM, Pamela Harlow ,[email protected], wrote: , , I keep white cloud mountain minnows in my water lily tubs. Those small , fish need winter shelter in cold climates -- I keep an aquarium for them -- , but they gobble mosquito larvae with diligence and enthusiasm. And they , are cute! , , On Fri, Apr 8, 2016 at 8:16 AM, Judy Glattstein ,[email protected], wrote: , ,, Should we be concerned about standing water in tubs and buckets for ,, moisture loving bulbs? How to manage this in light of zika and other ,, mosquito vectored virus diseases. ...
One of our tiniest birds, the Golden-crowned Kinglet is remarkable in its ability to survive in cold climates. Nesting in northern forest, wintering throughout much of the continent, it is usually in dense conifers which undoubtedly help provide shelter from the cold. This choice of habitat also makes the Golden-crown hard to see, but it may be detected by its high thin callnotes, and then glimpsed as it flits about high in the spruce trees.
One of our tiniest birds, the Golden-crowned Kinglet is remarkable in its ability to survive in cold climates. Nesting in northern forest, wintering throughout much of the continent, it is usually in dense conifers which undoubtedly help provide shelter from the cold. This choice of habitat also makes the Golden-crown hard to see, but it may be detected by its high thin callnotes, and then glimpsed as it flits about high in the spruce trees.
The ARO Artlaender Group of Companies was founded in Onsabrueck, Germany in 1919, and has meanwhile developed into one of the largest German processors of bedding feathers with lot of washing plants in Germany and a large number of down products. Member of International Down and Feather Bureau (IDFB) - Top Quality brand products - Subsidiaries in Siberia and the Ukraine supply the factory in North Germany with top quality raw materials. On account of the extremely cold climate, Siberian Goose Down is considered to be the very best available as it is particularly well-devolped. Every ounce of this premium down consists of approx. 2 million fluffy filaments, which interlock closley thus eclosing a maximum amount of air. Our high in company quality requirements demand sterilisation of all down at 135 - 140 ° C - which additionally improves the long-lasting fillpower.. We place enormous emphasis on the quality of our products. Due to constat quality control in our own-in-company laboratory carried ...
Koolasuchus inhabited rift valleys in southern Australia during the Early Cretaceous. During this time the area was below the Antarctic Circle, and temperatures were relatively cool for the Mesozoic. Based on the coarse-grained rocks in which remains were found, Koolasuchus likely lived in fast-moving streams. As a large aquatic predator, it was similar in lifestyle to crocodilians. Although eusuchians and kin were common during the Early Cretaceous, they were absent from southern Australia 120 million years ago, possibly because of the cold climate. By 110 Ma, represented by rocks in the Dinosaur Cove fossil locality, temperatures had warmed and crocodilians had returned to the area. These crocodilians likely displaced Koolasuchus, leading to its disappearance in younger rocks.[6] ...
The winter months are here! For those of us who live or work in in a cold climate, some form of heat is on, the windows are closed, and we may be sneezing and wheezing. Analytically-minded engineers are undoubtedly asking how they can design and manage HVAC systems to mitigate winter-time dry skin, chapped lips, colds, and asthma flare-ups. First, we need to understand the causes of these symptoms. Dry skin is easy to understand, but allergy-related illnesses such as asthma are more confusing. Asthma . . .
Poynting effect generally refers to the change in the vapor pressure of a liquid when a non-condensable gas is mixed with the vapor at saturated conditions. The critical temperature of oxygen is -118° C and of N2O is 36.5°C. When these gases are mixed in a same cylinder, then the critical temperature of the mixture becomes -6° C due to Poynting effect and the mixture remains as gas at room temperature.In cold climates if the temperature is less than -6°C,then N2O will separate into its liquid form and will remain in the bottom of the cylinder and the patient will get only O2 initially and hence will not ...
Using Your Heating System to Heat Water. There are two common options for using a homes boiler for water heating. The most common is referred to as a tankless coil. In the winter in a cold climate, the boiler is hot much of the time and may not even need to fire up to supply hot water (due to residual heat in the boiler). But during ...
Known for its rich hue and warm, woody scent, Cedarwood essential oil provides a myriad of benefits. It is native to cold climates, thriving in high altitudes and growing up to 100 feet. Reminiscent of its size and strength, Cedarwood has a grounding aroma that evokes feelings of wellness and vitality. When applied topically, Cedarwood has clarifying properties. Additionally, Cedarwood is frequently used in massage therapy to relax and soothe the mind and body.. ...
Ive been trying to use some of the excess polar fleece I have hanging around and decided to make hats for the social worker at my sons school to give out to kids who need them. And there definitely are kids in need of hats. Owen made the hat with earflaps last night, and I made the other two today. Knitting for the Dulaan Project is a satisfying thing, but sewing a hat in half an hour and knowing it will reach a kid in need within a day or two has some immediacy to it that I really like. If you live in a cold climate, and you sew, try making a hat or two to drop off at a public elementary school this week. Youll feel warmer, too ...
Whether a roof is framed or is trussed, and whether roofing is asphalt, metal, or tile, there are principles that should be followed to minimize the chances of failure leading to water intrusion. Rainwater collects in valleys, and these concentrations increase the chances for water to run up under the roofing at those locations. If valleys exist in the roof, make sure water can flow unimpeded for several feet on either side of the valley. Do not place a dormer or chimney in or near the valley, and do not place dormers close together. When there is an obstruction such as a chimney, or where a blind valley occurs between two parallel roofs, there needs to be a substantial cricket that directs water around the obstruction or out of the blind valley. Where an eave ends against a wall, kick-out flashing is needed to prevent water that runs down the joint between wall and roof from penetrating and running behind the siding below.. Some roof leaks are not roof leaks at all. In cold climates, warm ...
We can think of at least 180 great forest garden & perennial crops for cold climate Sweden. Want to hear about them? Over the course of the next year we will profile 5 a week on the blog. Perennial plants and crops offer a low energy, oil & resource input based foundation for future-proof agricultures. By default if an agriculture is to be called regenerative the bottom line is that it must be soil building, not soil depleting. Relentless deep tillage & poor soil husbandry (wifery?!) contributes to the majority of the 24 billion tons of topsoil lost every year on planet water. We are going to be focused on holistic polyculture grazing and perennial production at ridgedale over most of the site as this represents the most effective way to restore our degraded landscape, produce high value produce and ensure the future resource base we are managing holistically for in our decision making ...
Twenty Questions . Evolution, Adaptation, & Fossils. Twenty Questions. 1. Which is an adaptation that makes it possible for the animal to survive in a cold climate?. Tail on a lizard Scales on a fish Stripes on a tiger Fur on a bear. Slideshow 1486359 by anais
The birds living in cold climates, like Fairbanks, Alaska (pictured) had bigger brains, and smaller bodies, than those living in more moderate, easy-going climes. Either one might be easy to explain on its own, but the combination is unexpected. Usually, both body size and brain size go up hand in hand (or, in this case, wing in wing). Its not entirely clear how this is happening, although it certainly suggests there are some strong weather-related selection pressures shaping both features ...
The most obvious function of clothing is to improve the comfort of the wearer, by protecting the wearer from the elements. In hot climates, clothing provides protection from sunburn or wind damage, while in cold climates its thermal insulation properties are generally more important. The shelter usually reduces the functional need for clothing. For example, coats, hats, gloves, and other superficial layers are normally removed when entering a warm home, particularly if one is residing or sleeping there. Similarly, clothing has seasonal and regional aspects, so that thinner materials and fewer layers of clothing are generally worn in warmer seasons and regions than in colder ones.. Clothing performs a range of social and cultural functions, such as individual, occupational and gender differentiation, and social status.[6] In many societies, norms about clothing reflect standards of modesty, religion, gender, and social status. Clothing may also function as a form of adornment and an expression of ...
The type of system best suited to a particular application depends on many factors, including: availability and cost of each type of biomass (e.g. chip, pellet or logs), competing fuel cost (e.g. fuel oil and natural gas), thermal peak and annual load, building size and type, space availability, operation and maintenance (O&M) staff availability, and local emissions regulations.. For buildings or campuses with more than 100,000 ft² to heat in a moderately cold climate, a system fuelled with wood chips will probably be the most economical, assuming that there is a stable local chip supply. The economics are even better for buildings with a year-round hot water or steam load or when competing against high-priced fossil fuels.. For buildings less than 10,000 ft² in a moderately cold climate, a wood pellet system might be the best option. These systems can be manually loaded with 40-lb bags of pellets. For larger systems, it is usually best to have pellets delivered in bulk (not bagged), where ...
This text introduces the reader to the problem of cold temperature exposure of refugees from the perspective of health risks as well as from the perspective of human rights. The arrival of large numbers of displaced persons in Northern Europe in 2015 and the challenge to provide sufficient shelter in a cold climate serve as the point of departure for the research presented here. Combining these approaches in a literature research of primary and secondary materials, the text shows that a wide range of international treaties can be utilized to argue in favor of a positive obligation for states to provide shelter to displaced persons and protection against cold temperatures. Describing the dangers associated with exposure to cold temperatures and investigating a range of binding legal documents, the authors show that international law can be used to force states to take action to solve a simple but life-threatening problem. Particular emphasis is given to the efforts made by Finland to provide ...
Physiological and pathological respiratory responses are triggered by various conditions of exposure to cold climates. Beside airway smooth muscle, both the pulmonary and the tracheobronchial vasculatures are major effectors of respiratory responses to cold. General exposure to cold causes pulmonary vasoconstriction known as Raynauds phenomenon of the lung in subjects with primary Raynaud syndrome and favors acute pulmonary oedema in subjects with congestive heart failure. In healthy subjects acute hyperventilation of very cold air has led to acute respiratory failure closely similar to hypoxic pulmonary oedema. In outdoor exercising people years long repetition of hyperventilation of subfreezing air causes eskimo lung made of obstructive lung disease and increased wall thickness of pulmonary arteries. At a lesser degree hyperventilation of dry air cools the central airways and triggers subclinical bronchial obstruction in healthy subjects. In asthmatic subjects hyperventilation of dry air causes
We are asking for photographs of dust storms and dust events in cold climates (or high latitude areas), southwest United States and Northern Mexico, and desert (or arid and semi arid) areas. Follow these steps on how to take photographs of the horizon, not the sky in the direction of the dust event. Different flyers are now available to print or share that you can use to spread the word!... ...
While the weather outside may indeed get frightful this winter, a parka, knit hat, wool socks, insulated boots and maybe a roaring fire make things bearable for people who live in cold climates. But what about all the wildlife out there? Wont they be freezing? Pets are often suited up with protection from the cold. Photology1971/Shutterstock.com Anyone whos walked their dog when temperatures are frigid knows that canines will shiver and favor a cold paw - which partly
Godecke Bleckens main research focus is on urban stormwater management. During his PhD studies until 2010, Godecke investigated the function and adaptation of stormwater bioretention to demanding climates. Since then he has broadened his work and also investigated other stormwater control measures such as permeable pavements, infiltration systems, ponds, constructed wetlands, done research on stormwater quality and the impact of stormwater discharges on the natural environment.. An important part of Godeckes research deals with the investigation of the function of stormwater control measures in demanding climates and their adaptation to these. A special focus here is on cold climates. Another main research topic is related to the long-term function of stormwater control measures and their maintenance needs. There is a clear risk that existing measures do not perform sufficiently e.g. due to a lack of maintenance. Further, Godecke works with evaluating ecosystem services of blue green ...
vera, youve made a slightly better explanation of what you find ethical - or rather, youve laid out what you find objectinable. OK, good as far as it goes, but not far enough. Lets look at some of the trade-offs we have to make if we want to live in something other than a hunter-gatherer mode.. Say I dont want to harm animals. OK, I want to wear shoes made of a natural substance. What are my options? Not many. There is a reason that in cold climates people invented leather shoes. The stuff works. And there really isnt any good artificial substitute. Heck, there isnt any good natural substitute. Plant fibers are really, really poor shoes (though they are good insulators for them). But that is why none of the traditional societies I am familiar with that lives in temperate or cod climates uses them for shoes. Heck, not many people in tropical climates do. Artificial, non-leather shoes are made with polymers. Those are pretty devastating from an environmental perspective, and harm far more ...
Propagation is by division of the bulbous base with roots. After pulling apart sections, cut the leaves off and then plant in the garden or a pot. These cut leaves are good to be used as mulch. It is best to plant in spring, summer or early autumn, if propagated in winter the success rate can be quite low. Plant each 30cm apart. Using thick mulch around the plant means it will need very little attention once it has first been established.. It is best to plant lemongrass in well-drained soil with full or partial sun. In cold climates, lemongrass can be planted in a pot to bring inside in harsher weather. In very low temperatures it can help to spray the leaves of lemongrass with warm water. Lemongrass needs a minimum night temperature of 8 degrees.. Lemongrass is often used as a barrier plant to divide grass from the garden bed and in Laos it is very thickly planted with the idea of keeping snakes away from the house.. ...
Angelica keiskei is one of those plants that usually produce flowers in second year, but it might do it in its first, third or fourth year as well. Soon after the seeds are fuly developed, the plant dies. But you can keep it as perennial if you will cut off its flower buds before opening. It can also grow side shoots. It grows best in partial shade and rich, compost, moist, but well drained soil, but can also cope with full sun ( as long as temperature is not too high ) and more sandy soils. It can stand frost up to -15C, but it is going dormant in cold climate winters, that means that its leaves are dying, and new one are appearing from its root in spring. Its leafy part is usually no higher than 80cm, but flower stalk can reach over 1,5m. Leaves can be gathered at any time before it starts to turn yellow. But give it some time for small plants to get stronger before you start to pick their leaves and always leave few leaves on each plant, so it could catch some sun for further strong growth. ...
Viscosity affects heat generation in bearings, cylinders and gear sets related to an oils internal friction. It governs the sealing effect of oils and the rate of oil consumption, as well as determines the ease with which machines may be started or operated under varying temperature conditions, particularly in cold climates.. Viscosity is a measure of an oils resistance to flow. It decreases (thins) with increasing temperature and increases (or thickens) with decreased temperature. These conditions explain why an oil will flow much more easily in summer at a temperature of 25 degrees C (78 degrees F), than it will flow in winter at minus 25 degrees C (minus 13 degrees F).. An oils viscosity is measured most commonly by kinematic viscosity and reported in a unit called the centistoke (cSt). Kinematic viscosity is measured in the time it takes for a specific volume of oil to flow through a special device called a capillary tube.. Not all oils respond in the same way to a given change in ...
Clark Howell (1952) argues that the conditions of the periglacial areas had a marked effect on the morphology and morphology of the Neanderthals. distribution of Neanderthals. In the summer months they left the protected places to hunt. A migration took them from Italy and the North Adriatic to the corridor of Central Europe. Brose and Wolpoff, 1971: very wide nostril, with different ciliary mucosa and very voluminous sinus cavity to warm and moisten the air. Hein (1997) disagrees, noting that there are Neanderthals in hot and humid climates. Trinkaus (1981) agrees that the shape of the bones of the lower extremities expresses an adaptation to a cold climate, but remember that this trait can also be interpreted for biomechanical reasons (force at the expense of race speed). Neanderthals show a great wear of their incisors and canines due perhaps to their use as adjuvant or third hand in numerous tasks, such as the preparation of skins or the cutting of pieces of meat that they held with their ...
Hair looking dingy from the harsh winter weather? Dove Hair Color Care is here to save the day.. The cold climate often leaves our hair listless and dull, and people who color their hair on a regular basis still tend to do so less frequently in the winter. For protection that is great all year round, the Dove Hair Color Care therapy products are formulated to bring back nourishment to your hair for a lively feel.. ...
As I ponder myself on the idea of making a dedicated arid bed for the first time at the front of our house (the raised beds in our new area do not count) I am pleased to have got hold of this book which I have found most helpful in more ways than one. Not only does it list a selection of cacti and succulents, chosen for their suitability in being grown in colder regions, but it also gives cultivation hints on the best way to grow them. Extra information is also given on individual plants listed, on top of the general recommendations, to help them sail through cold (and wet) winters. ...
Freeze-drying procedure has been traced back to prehistory, when Eskimo preserved fish by dehydration in the cold Arctic winds. Ancient Peruvian Incas placed their potatoes and other crops above Machu Picchu where the temperature and atmospheric pressure are low. They placed their products in cold climates to freeze at night and then in the day it would evaporate. In medicine Altmann used freeze-drying for the preparation of histological sections as early as 1980. Shackell independently rediscovered the technique in 1909 for the preservation of biologicals as he realised that the material had to be frozen before commercing the drying process. The industrial applications of freeze-drying do not appear to have been appreciated prior to patients of Tival in 1927 ...
Talus Mens Long Sleeve Zip Base Layer Top. The Talus mens long sleeve base layer is a zip neck thermal top in our very popular Talus range. It features IsoTherm fabric which keeps you warm while allowing moisture out so that you stay drier for longer when active. This lightweight quick-drying base layer is essential for cold climates and perfect for activities like skiing and snowboarding. Half Zip - opens at the neck for more comfort, extra ventilation and a great look IsoTherm - heat retention technology ensures you stay warm High Wicking - actively wicks moisture away from the skin, keeping you dry and comfortable Quick Drying - great when youre out and about and after washing too Lightweight - great for travelling and walking. Easy to pack, the perfect layer Breathable - highly breathable fabric lets moisture out, making sure you stay dry on the inside Easy Care - fully machine washable for easy care. 100% Polyester. IsoTherm. High Wicking. Quick Drying. Mountain Warehouse is a British ...
Japanese proverb In a damp, cold climate like Portland, moxibustion can be one of the most beneficial therapies available. Its drying, warming, and moving heat effectively counteracts the influence of cold and damp on or in the body. There are many forms of moxibustion, direct and indirect. Each application provides a unique strength for promoting healing.. Studies in Japan show that regular moxibution increases white blood cell counts, thereby enhancing immunity. Its also excellent as a home therapy, especially for the treatment of stubborn osteoarthritis pain, chronic fatigue and immune enhancement. Often the consistent use of moxibusion resolves previously unchanging conditions. ...
(tibet) They were told it would never work in the high altitude and cold climate of Tibet. But a Beijing-based non-profit and Worldwatch Institute partner, the Global Environmental Institute (GEI), has successfully implemented a biogas program in the mountainous Chinese province.
Biology professor David Tank joins international team to create massive time-scaled evolutionary tree for land plants, explore history of adaptations for cold climates
Pineapple (lat. Ananas) is a tropical herbaceous plant native to the Americas. It belongs to the Bromeliad family and is considered one of the most important fruit crops within tropical countries. The pineapple spread throughout the world, and as an ornamental plant it can be found even in cold climates. Homeland of pineapple can be considered Brazil, as there is this plant still grows in the wild. At the moment spends about eight varieties of pineapple, which occur mainly in South America, Africa and Indonesia. The major producers of this fruit are the US (12%) and Thailand (11.5%).. The plant has a large number of roots, its trunk covered with scales, and the leaves are fleshy, stocking large amounts of moisture. The leaf edges are equipped with spines and covered with a thick layer of epidermis. It is in this layer of pineapple leaves kept the water.. The plant is propagated by selfing. The flowering period lasts about 20 days. At the end, in the center of the trunk formed a powerful stem ...
Pineapple (lat. Ananas) is a tropical herbaceous plant native to the Americas. It belongs to the Bromeliad family and is considered one of the most important fruit crops within tropical countries. The pineapple spread throughout the world, and as an ornamental plant it can be found even in cold climates. Homeland of pineapple can be considered Brazil, as there is this plant still grows in the wild. At the moment spends about eight varieties of pineapple, which occur mainly in South America, Africa and Indonesia. The major producers of this fruit are the US (12%) and Thailand (11.5%).. The plant has a large number of roots, its trunk covered with scales, and the leaves are fleshy, stocking large amounts of moisture. The leaf edges are equipped with spines and covered with a thick layer of epidermis. It is in this layer of pineapple leaves kept the water.. The plant is propagated by selfing. The flowering period lasts about 20 days. At the end, in the center of the trunk formed a powerful stem ...
Environmental air pollution from factories, power plants and chemical plants gets a lot of press coverage these days, but some of the most offensive sources of indoor air pollution can be right in your own home in Coeur D Alene. This time of year, when most homeowners in cold climates keep windows and doors shut tight, there are even higher concentrations of indoor air pollutants that can affect the health of homeowners and their families.
Twenty species of oak (Quercus) are known from California. The white oak group is the most diverse, and includes a complex of scrub oak species that are often encountered in chaparral, mixed forest and desert margin habitats. The Protobalanus group (e.g., Quercus chrysolepis) is a unique and distinctive clade of western North American species that appears to be most closely related to the white oak group. Within the white oaks and red oaks (black oaks), the majority of California species do not have obvious, close relationships to species outside of the region. In addition, these species either have lobed leaves (e.g., Q. kelloggii, Q. lobata, Q. garryana) or have leaves that appear to be derived from ancestors with lobed leaves by reduction (e.g., Q. dumosa, Q. berberidifolia, Q. john-tuckeri, Q. cornelius-mulleri, Q. agrifolia). Lobed leaves, such as those found in numerous oaks of the eastern U.S., are characteristic of species from temperate or cold climates, but not any of the more tropical ...
STANFORD -- Modern archaeology tends to assume that ancient hunting-gathering societies either depleted their resources and moved on or, when their population outgrew the available food supply, developed new resources or agriculture. Stanford University archaeologist John Rick believes hes found an exception: a Stone Age people in South America who recognized and lived with the limitations of their environment, including managing their population. Rick studies the remains of pre-ceramic societies that lived in caves in Perus puna, the high-altitude grasslands of the Andes, from 10,000 B.C. to 2,000 B.C. Except for the earliest occupants, these hunters appear to have settled down in a relatively cold climate for thousands of years. This culture really goes against the idea that population growth is a simple, driving force that leads people to settle down, Rick said. More important, these people appear to have had a consciousness that population size had to be regulated in terms of the ...
Given good quality charcoal it must still be burned efficiently to produce the best results. This is specially true in domestic use where most charcoal is burned. Industrial furnaces for burning charcoal such as blast furnaces, cupolas, sintering furnaces and so on, are usually efficiently designed and operated. They will not be discussed here. The main use of charcoal in the households of the developing world is to heat water either to cook food or provide hot water for washing, etc. Some food is cooked by direct heating without immersion in water, such as when corn or meat is roasted. A cooking system would be 100% efficient if all the heat released by burning the fuel were taken up by food being cooked. In practice, this is far from the case, A typical result for well designed and operated equipment is an efficiency of around 30%, that is 70% of the heat escapes uselessly. In a cold climate, some of this waste heat may be captured and used to heat up the air of the room, thereby performing a ...
351) the same general form everywhere; every people has its laws, its commandments, its religion and superstitions, its marriage, its art, its property, etc. The paper on the Vakuts shows the effect of a very cold climate on social life, but we are struck mare by the resemblance of the culture of the Vakuts to that of Central Europe than by its difference. Their practices are harder, because life is harder, but they are not harder than the practices of the central European peasant, and in many respects strikingly resemble them,[5] This passage from Thomass Source Book is typical of the treatment of the physical and geographic factors in recent American sociological literature. This tendency is manifested in the following passages from Ellwood and Ross:. Every factor which has some degree of active influence in shaping and molding the forms of active association, the interactions of individuals is, then, a social force. While the preceding chapters have argued that the mind in all of its aspects ...
Composting Research Of Yi Liang - The composting group in University of Alberta is devoted to the efficiency and nutrient conservation of compost in cold climate ...
MOFOKENG, T; MULLER, AW; WENTZEL, MC e EKAMA, GA. Full-scale trials of external nitrification on plastic media nitrifying trickling filter. Water SA [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.2, pp.204-210. ISSN 1816-7950.. The full-scale single-stage tertiary nitrifying trickling filter (NTF) at the Citrusdal Wastewater Treatment Plant provides for external nitrification of unclarified effluent from the facultative aerobic lagoon in order to meet standard effluent ammonia concentration requirements. The apparent ammonia nitrification rate (ApANR, gN/m2 media surface·d) of the NTF was sensitive to particulate organic loading rates which were predominantly in the form of algae, and the soluble COD removal rates increased under cold climates. Installation of forced-air ventilation fans improved the nitrification efficiency from 15% to 43%. An increase in hydraulic loading rate (HLR) by effluent recirculation significantly improved the ApANR, eradicated filter flies and decreased the prevalence of worms. Maximum ...
Rhododendron ?Bikini Island? (Bikini Island Rhododendron): A newer introduction of the late David Leach that is said to be the finest red for cold climates; Extraordinary scarlet red flowers in early June ? 6 ...
Reviewed by Steven G. Marks. What do we gain from looking at Russian history through the senses? On one level, it places front and center certain realities that are taken for granted or ignored in the scholarly literature. For instance, the cold climate that shocked the systems of early modern visitors from the West, as chronicled in Matthew P. Romaniellos entry. Paying attention to the senses can also open our eyes to a new dimension of warfare, which is vividly illustrated in articles by Laurie S. Stoff on nurses in World War One and Steven G. Jug on soldiers in World War Two.. ...
Non steady state thermal conductivity of ABS was estimated using an analytical approach in a Cold Climate Chamber at ?10?C and ?14?C. Two hollow cylinders of ABS of varying thickness were used to estimate the conductivity ...
Headline: Bitcoin & Blockchain Searches Exceed Trump! Blockchain Stocks Are Next!. Mawson Resources Ltd (TSE:MAW, OTCMKTS:MWSNF) shares jumped 8% on Wall Street and 18% in Toronto on Monday after the company reported further breakthroughs in its Finland-based operations as it released drill results from a further four diamond drill holes from the 2016 to 2017 winter program at the companys 100%-owned Rompas-Rajapalot project.. This winter, a total of 16 diamond holes have been completed to date, with two in progress, for 3,753 metres. Three rigs are now drilling around the clock, and a fourth rig will be mobilized to site during mid-March.. Key points:. A new style of gold-bearing system has been discovered at South Rajapalot, characterised by an extensive area of potassic-iron-sulphide alteration located up to 1,800m south of the Palokas prospect. Drilling has defined a zone that extends for 900m along strike and 400m in width that remains open. To date, a total of 12 holes have been drilled ...
the cold winter of 1978/1979 provided an opportunity for comparing effective bridge temperatures and temperature differences measured during these severe conditions with those predicted using methods developed at trrl. the month of january 1979 contained the lowest temperatures, and both the effective temperatures of the marlow-bisham bridge (concrete box) and the temperature differences measured through the depth of its deck during this month are presented in the report and compared with predictions. temperatures were also measured in the three elevated concrete slabs and two steel plates situated within the trrl grounds. the levels of temperature reached during january 1979 are some of the lowest recorded at this site since measurements started there in 1970. because of the sizes of the slabs and plates and their proximity to the ground, their temperatures are not strictly representative of bridge temperatures, but they provide useful supplementary information on the thermal behaviour of ...
226, Ray Ladbury: Matthew, Im going to assume that you still remember the distinction between climate and weather, and that this was some sort of momentary cerebral flatulence. If you have in fact forgotten, Im sure there are many here who would be happy to remind you of the relative definitions. BTW, have you tried gingko? I also wrote that it was neither necessary nor sufficient, as Magellans circling the earth was neither necessary nor sufficient to persuade everyone else that the earth was round. Nevertheless, the mechanistic models purport to be accurate over short time scales and small regional scales, which is why their long-term forecasts )with model results averaged over space and time) are given some credibility.. Let me quote again from the main text: It is nevertheless no contradiction between a global warming and cold winters in regions like Europe. Rather, recent analysis suggest that the global mean temperature is marching towards higher values (see figure below), and Petoukhov ...
Finland Mode-25c Cold Winter Radiator House Heating 20kw by -15c Glycol Circle Loop Ground Source Water Heater Geothermal System picture from Jiangsu Sunchi New Energy Co., Ltd. view photo of Geothermal System, Ground Heat Pumps, Ground Source Heat Pump Prices.Contact China Suppliers for More Products and Price.
Download this stock image: Mixed race Asian Caucasian boy in gray hat and blue scarf with red cheeks from the cold winter air - T5FM10 from Alamys library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors.
2.0 2.1 Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist.. Species 2000: Reading, UK.. Retrieved on 24 september 2012. ...
T Mikami, M Zaiki, GP Können, PD Jones. Winter temperature reconstruction at Dejima, Nagasaki based on historical meteorological documents during the last 300 years ...
In this study, an attempt is made to construct winter temperature scenarios over Greece, using an alternative statistical downscaling (Sd) model based on canonical correlation analysis. The proposed...
It was very cool under the canopy, but surprisingly moist for such a cool climate forest. As anyone knows who has tried bird watching in rainforest, its dark. This is not good for spotting birds. However, one of the highly seasoned bird lovers spotted something dashing across the leaf litter and exclaimed a Bassian thrush! Binoculars were hastily raised and confirmation of the sighting occurred in a split second. Bassian thrush are quite hard to see, and considering it is brown and speckled it is a miracle that it was seen at all in the dimly lit forest. The other lovely thing of note was a bower. It belongs to the Satin bower bird. Related to cat birds, bower birds are all a striking greeny olive, until at around 7 years the males turn a dark satiny blue, hence their name. We have one living in the garden, called Boris. They tend to raid vege gardens and are particularly fond of leafy vegetables. Bowers are constructed as a display area for the males to entice a mate. They decorate them with ...
Rainy season brings lot of fun, greenery and cool climate with it. However, it also invites lot of health disorders as well. Dealing with such illnesses associated with rainy season is not very difficult. You should be aware of certain quick remedies if you cope with such illnesses due to rainy season. Parents of small children need to be extra-careful during rainy season to prevent such disorder. Read on to know more about it.
April 26, 2016 - The 9th International Cool Climate Wine Symposium will take place in Brighton, England on May 26-28, 2016. Here is a look at the program - and Nomacorcs sponsorship of the event. Read more ,, ...
Best grown in organically rich, humusy, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Performs well in full sun in the north, but prefers some shade (particularly in the heat of the afternoon) in the south. In the St. Louis area, best foliage color may occur in sunny spots with some afternoon part shade. Scorch and general foliage decline usually occur if soils are allowed to dry out. If grown in full sun, consistent moisture is particularly important. Remove stems of faded flowers to encourage additional bloom. Foliage is essentially evergreen in warm winter climates, but the amount of retained foliage color in cold winter climates such as St. Louis depends in large part upon the severity of the temperatures. In cold winter climates, a winter mulch applied after the ground freezes will help prevent root heaving. Divide clumps in spring every 3-4 years.. ...
The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) is an informal network of organisations with a common vision on sustainable sanitation. We provide a platform for knowledge exchange, networking and discussion on all sustainable sanitation topics.
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By John O Sullivan The BBC serves Freedom of Information request (FOIA) on UK Government over weather forecast failures secrecy in worst winter for 100 years. In an almighty battle to salvage credibility three British government institutions are embroiled in a new global warming scandal with the BBC mounting a legal challenge to force ministers…
Csc: Mediterranean cold summer climates[edit]. Cold summer Mediterranean climates (Csc) exist in high-elevation areas adjacent ... Cwc = Cold subtropical highland climate or Monsoon-influenced subpolar oceanic climate; coldest month averaging above 0 °C (32 ... tundra climates and icecap climates: ET: Tundra climate[edit]. Tundra climate (ET and ET): Warmest month has an average ... Group C: Temperate (mesothermal) climates This type of climate has the coldest month averaging between 0 °C (32 °F)[11] (or −3 ...
... they are much more effective in hot climates than cold climates. For downward heat flow, convection is weak and radiation ... Climate[edit]. This article contains instructions, advice, or how-to content. The purpose of Wikipedia is to present facts, not ... Hot climates[edit]. In hot conditions, the greatest source of heat energy is solar radiation.[13] This can enter buildings ... In cold conditions, the main aim is to reduce heat flow out of the building. The components of the building envelope-windows, ...
晴 clear or fine weather; 候 climate; 雲 cloud; 曇 cloudy; 冷 cold; 霧 fog; 霞 haze; 霜 frost; 雹 hail; 熱 heat; 閃 lightning; 靄 mist; 災 ... 寒 cold; 濃 concentrated; 湿 damp; 深 deep; 微 delicate; 薄 dilute or thin; 汚 dirty; 干 / 乾 dry; 太 fat or thick; 緻 fine; 固 firm or ...
Real Climate. Retrieved 2008-08-14. Peter Doran (2006-07-27). "Cold, Hard Facts". The New York Times. Archived from the ... In fact, however, Arctic and Antarctic climates are out of phase with each other (the "polar see-saw" effect), and climate ... "Regional Climate Projections (In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the ... Climate models predict more snowfall than ice melting during the next 50 years, but models are not good enough for them to be ...
Climate[edit]. Kozhikode features a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). The city has a highly humid ... Winters are seldom cold. The highest temperature recorded was 39.4 °C in March 1975. The lowest was 14 °C recorded on 26 ... "Kozhikode Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 24 December 2012.. ... tropical climate with high temperatures recorded from March to May. A brief spell of pre-monsoon Mango showers hits the city ...
"Hot & cold opening". The Daily Star. Retrieved 21 January 2013. "Sagar Sarwar And Mehrun Runi, Journalist Couple, Killed in ... "Climate Change Knowledge Portal". The World Bank Group. Retrieved 27 May 2018. "Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides Emergency ...
"Climate:Wetr and Cold". environnement.wallonie.be. Retrieved 2 June 2011. "High Marsh Nature Reserve (Belgium)". Nature- ... the harsh climate, high rainfall, long and cold winters and low average temperatures in the region. The High Venn's plateau ... The subalpine climate may change to subarctic condition and hence when taking adventure walks in the night through the park it ... The reserve is one of the wettest and coldest parts of Belgium. It is frequently shrouded in mist and low cloud. It has a ...
The climate is cold. The average temperature is 1 ° C. The warmest month is July, at 21 ° C, and the coldest is January, at -22 ... Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System ...
doi:10.1038/climate.2008.60. Allister Heath (April 2008). "Pouring on cold water". Literary Review. Archived from the original ... The lecture was called "The Economics and Politics of Climate Change. An Appeal to Reason" As explained in the introduction, ... Lawson, Nigel (November 1, 2006). "Lecture on the Economics and Politics of Climate Change - An Appeal to Reason". Centre for ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Lecture on the Economics and Politics of Climate Change - An Appeal to Reason. ...
The Northern Interior region has a subarctic climate with very cold winters. The climate of Vancouver is by far the mildest ... "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data". weather.gc.ca. October 31, 2011. "Princeton A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981 ... the majority of its land mass experiences a cold-winter-temperate climate similar to the rest of Canada. ... The coldest temperature in British Columbia was recorded in Smith River, where it dropped to −58.9 °C (−74.0 °F) on January 31 ...
The climate is cold. The average temperature is -4 ° C. The warmest month is July, at 14 ° C, and the coldest is December, at - ... "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification". Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 11 (5): 1633-1644. doi: ...
The climate is cold. The average temperature is -5 °C. The warmest month is August, at 14 °C, and the coldest is December, at - ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Peel, M C; Finlayson, B L (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate ...
ISBN 978-1-119-99443-5. McCarthy, Joanne (18 June 2011). "Cold climate, warm heart". Newcastle Herald. Australia. Maike Hanneck ... It can then be served immediately, hot, or can be left to cool down so that it can be served cold. Food portal Beshbarmak Kale ... Svið is prepared by first burning off the hair, then cleaning the head under running cold water while paying special attention ...
Climate. Arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers. Terrain. mostly low plateau with deserts, rangelands and a fertile ... as well as the extent to which change of climate can be attained by slight change of place. The Afghanistan climate is a dry ... is said to have lost 18,000 men from cold in a single night. In the northern Herat districts records of the coldest month ( ... the summer climate there is more temperate along with the yearly climate. From May to September, the wind blows from the ...
Richard Behar (12 June 2000). "Capitalism in a Cold Climate". Fortune. Retrieved 12 October 2014. "David and Simon Reuben: ...
"Love in a Cold Climate". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020. "Sad ... She has also made appearances in television series such as Love in a Cold Climate, Unfinished Business, Midsomer Murders, Love ...
Bangladeshi English literature Eagle, Andrew (12 January 2014). "Discovering a Cold Climate Bengal". The Daily Star. Bangladesh ...
McNair, James (12 August 2004). "Passions in a cold climate". The Independent. Retrieved 19 August 2017. Lanham, Tom (July 1995 ...
The climate is generally cold. It is characterized as a tourist destination, with some fame derived from its landscapes, varied ... "Climate: Tecpán". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 20 August 2015. Official Municipality of Tecpán website-(in Spanish) Coordinates ... Tecpán has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb). Citypopulation.de Population of departments and municipalities in ...
The climate is temperate. Winters are long and cold. There are severe winds snow storms. The annual precipitation is about 500 ...
ISBN 978-1-84511-241-7. Lloyd-Jones, Hugh (1991). Greek in a Cold Climate. London: Duckworth. p. 64. ISBN 0-389-20967-8. Pukas ...
March 2009). "Love in a Cold Climate". Fine Books & Collections Magazine. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. ...
This is a climate up to place less than 1000 meters high. The winter is mild and the spring is warmer. 3. Mild cold, forest ... There are three climate areas in the district: 1. Dry subtropical climate. Characterized by soft summers and hot springs. 2. ... climate. This climatic hill covers the area from 1,000 to 2,000 meters. The spring is cool, and the winter is a bit frosty. The ...
Abnett, Sabine Siebold, Kate (February 19, 2021). "EU seeks alliance with U.S. on climate change, tech rules". Reuters. ... Doyle, Leonard; McCarthy, Michael (November 20, 2008). "US in from the cold". The Independent. London. Retrieved May 2, 2010. " ... This institution regularly meets and addresses topics such as: energy security challenges, climate change, renewable energy, ... University of California Television (UCTV) (November 19, 2008). "Global Climate Summit: Barack Obama". Youtube.com. Retrieved ...
So winters cold and snowy. Yahyaköy, Karayazı, eastern Turkey Yayaköy, Şarköy in European Turkey. balikesir region climate. ... The climate is semi-Mediterranean climate. The town is mainly affected by the Sea of Marmara, but being inland, a more ...
In 1948 Mitford completed a new novel, a sequel to The Pursuit of Love she called Love in a Cold Climate, with the same country ... Love in a Cold Climate. London: Hamish Hamilton. 1949. OCLC 563596524. The Blessing. London: Hamish Hamilton. 1951. OCLC ... It was her two semi-autobiographical postwar novels, The Pursuit of Love (1945) and Love in a Cold Climate (1949), that ... ISBN 0-00-211202-7. Thompson, Laura (2003). Life in a Cold Climate: Nancy Mitford, Portrait of a Contradictory Woman. London: ...
The climate is generally cold. Academic institutes include Evergreen English. Jirikhimti has one campus of agriculture. "Nepal ...
Weatherly, John W. "Polar Meteorology and Climate" (PDF). Cold Regions Science and Technology. Encyclopedia of Life Support ... This highlights the heating power of carbon dioxide, which pumps 100,000 times more energy into our climate than was given off ... Guest, Peter (2005). "Climate Change - Introduction". Naval Postgraduate School - Department of Meteorology. Archived from the ... The vertical temperature structure of polar environments tends to be more complex than in mid-latitude or tropical climates. ...
It has a cold climate. The zones of Jatunpampa, Kurupampa and Santa Cruz are located in this place. This vast region, because ...
ISBN 978-0-385-60666-0. Mitford, Nancy (1949). Love in a Cold Climate. Random House. ISBN 978-0-307-74135-6. Greta Garbo and ...
  • But meteorologists and climatologists have pushed back against the notion that recent freezing temperatures and snowy conditions refute or challenge the legitimacy of climate change, reports CNN.com . (theweek.com)
  • BINGHAMTON, NY - New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York, highlights the importance of considering cold temperature variability, and not just warming temperatures, when evaluating the impact of climate change. (eurekalert.org)
  • When it comes to climate change, public attention often focuses on the effect of rising average temperatures. (eurekalert.org)
  • In contrast, this study focused on the effect of cold and variable temperatures, which are also consequences of climate change. (eurekalert.org)
  • The researchers discovered that cold temperatures make amphibians more susceptible to road salt but less susceptible to parasites. (eurekalert.org)
  • These findings reveal the importance of considering cold-temperature variability, and not just warming temperatures, when evaluating the impacts of global climate disruption, said Hua. (eurekalert.org)
  • There is a lot of misconception that global climate change only refers to an increase in warming temperatures," Hua said. (eurekalert.org)
  • Due to the rising temperatures from climate change, organisms begin breeding earlier in the spring, which paradoxically leads to an increased risk that these organisms are exposed to heightened fluctuations in temperature during early development, including harmful cold-temperature regimes. (eurekalert.org)
  • It is important to note that while these cold temperatures may not always be deadly, they may alter the susceptibility of amphibians to other stressors, including contaminants and parasites. (eurekalert.org)
  • By placing wood frog embryos in various cold temperature regimes, researchers looked specifically at the consequences of exposure to these lower temperatures. (eurekalert.org)
  • The team also found that amphibians exposed to cold temperatures as embryos were generally smaller as they aged, and developed slower, which ultimately made them less prone to parasites because their miniature size made them less attractive. (eurekalert.org)
  • We initially predicted that exposure to cold temperatures would be stressful to developing embryos. (eurekalert.org)
  • Ultimately, the study concluded that variation in cold temperatures can lead to unique consequences on amphibian growth, development and responses to other stressors, such as contaminants and parasites. (eurekalert.org)
  • What's important in this system," Kimball explained, "is that the growing season is initiated at a later date under colder temperatures. (treehugger.com)
  • Water-use-efficient species that favor colder temperatures, like popcorn flower and red filaree, have become noticeably more common as a result. (treehugger.com)
  • Even in mild climates, humidity, wind, and rain can produce cold-related injuries in temperatures as warm as 50°F (10°C). (cdc.gov)
  • Extreme cold" means cold temperatures drop well below normal for a region. (cdc.gov)
  • Hypothermia is a core body temperature below 95°F (35°C). While hypothermia is most likely at very cold environmental temperatures, it can occur even at cool temperatures (around 50°F) if a person becomes chilled from rain, sweat, or submersion in cold water. (cdc.gov)
  • cold temperatures simply slow down or stop the growth of bacteria for the time being. (emersonclimate.com)
  • Heavy snow and cold temperatures, like those pictured in New York this past winter, impact the economy, human health, and energy use. (phys.org)
  • The team found that CAO changes in the future can be explained largely by the mean warming that reduced the chance of very cold temperatures. (phys.org)
  • Low temperatures, e.g., by late frost events, have the potential to substantially reduce photosynthesis and limit the gains from an extending growing season in a warming climate. (wsl.ch)
  • Herbivory is generally thought to evolve only in reptile species that are large bodied, live in warm climates, and maintain high body temperatures. (pnas.org)
  • We suggest that the recurrent and paradoxical evolution of herbivory in liolaemids is explained by a combination of environmental conditions (promoting independent origins of herbivory in isolated cool-climate regions), ecophysiological constraints (requiring small body size in cool climates, yet high body temperatures for herbivores), and phylogenetic history. (pnas.org)
  • Many researchers have noted that herbivorous lizards are generally large bodied, live in warm climates, and maintain high body temperatures ( 7 - 14 ). (pnas.org)
  • The other camp includes scientists who are finding possible connections between the warming of the Arctic - such as melting sea ice, warming air temperatures, and rising sea surface temperatures - and the emerging pattern of severe cold winter weather. (phys.org)
  • A direct effect of this, according to research scientist Alexei Pinchuk of the Seward Marine Centre at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, is that the cold temperatures have helped to produce larger zooplankton, which may well be changing the feeding habits of Walleye pollock. (earthtimes.org)
  • But we still don't know much about the process which drives the earth from a period with a warmer climate towards an "ice age" with colder temperatures - other than that oxygen content plays an important role. (scitech-news.com)
  • There is a need for knowledge on aspects that are related to climates where large temperature differences between summer and winter, and winter temperatures below freezing, are issues. (susana.org)
  • At the same vapor pressure, warm temperatures lead to low relative humidity, cold temperatures lead to high relative humidity. (greenbuildingadvisor.com)
  • With the cold temperatures of winter descending upon most areas of the United States, there is a desire to keep as much heat as possible in the home. (zehnderamerica.com)
  • Yes, low temperatures affect blood viscosity, and exposure to severe cold might result in temporary blood thickening in the extremities. (straightdope.com)
  • Cold temperatures are a main cause of raynaud's phenomenon , so cold weather can trigger symptoms. (healthtap.com)
  • General circulation models frequently suffer from a substantial cold bias in equatorial Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs). (springer.com)
  • With an evident relationship across the CMIP5 models between equatorial SSTs and upper ocean temperatures in the extra-tropical subduction regions, our analysis suggests that cold SST biases within the extra-tropical Pacific indeed translate into a cold equatorial bias via the STCs. (springer.com)
  • Climate Change: The Next Generation: Are anomalous cold sea surface temperatures in the North Atlantic bringing cold temperatures to northern Europe? (blogspot.com)
  • The cold wave started in November 1911 and finally ended in March 1912, with periodic interruptions by milder temperatures. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cold wave began in November 1911 when the Great Blue Norther dropped temperatures abruptly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whenever harsh winter weather strikes the United States, deniers point to the falling snow and dipping temperatures as evidence that climate change is a hoax. (yahoo.com)
  • Just last week, President Trump suggested that the frigid New Year's Eve temperatures - which made the Times Square ball-drop the second coldest on record - was evidence enough that climate change is bunk. (yahoo.com)
  • And in a twist of irony, global warming may be driving the colder temperatures that the U.S. has been experiencing this winter. (yahoo.com)
  • However, she said, the more extreme winter weather conditions in the Northern Hemisphere - cold temperatures in the continental U.S. and really warm temperatures in Alaska - is partially explained by evolving scientific thinking about changes in the patterns of the jet streams since the 2000s. (yahoo.com)
  • At the beginning of winter, 26 degrees seems bitter cold, but after days and days of temperatures below freezing, 26 seems bracing. (wgntv.com)
  • In the High Fens the habitats of many plants and animals typically found further north or in the mountains, result from the geology and relief, the harsh climate, high rainfall, long and cold winters and low average temperatures in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a transitional climate zone, characterized by long, cold winters and cool summers. (cchrc.org)
  • A key implication of the study is that if sea ice loss continues apace, there may be more cold and snowy winters in store for these areas. (climatecentral.org)
  • The study sheds light on how sea ice loss may have contributed to recent snowy winters, concluding that Arctic climate change "played a critical role" in harsh winters such as the winters of 2009-10 and 2010-11, which featured the " Snowmageddon " blizzard that dumped several feet of snow in the Mid-Atlantic region, and multiple blizzards that paralyzed parts of the Northeast and Midwest. (climatecentral.org)
  • The whole decade of the 1430′s had bitterly cold winters, but normal to warm summers. (joannenova.com.au)
  • Compared with other decades of the last millennium, many of the 1430s' winters and some springs were extremely cold in the Low Countries, as well as in other parts of Europe. (joannenova.com.au)
  • Lately, Americans have become accustomed to colder winters with some cold snaps. (yahoo.com)
  • How many Chicago winters have featured bitter cold, piles of snow and an ice storm? (wgntv.com)
  • It has a subalpine climate with strong winds and fierce winters, which are occasionally subarctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • You don't have to be in an arctic or high-altitude environment to encounter problems with the cold. (cdc.gov)
  • Even as the climate warms, cold air outbreaks may continue to impact certain regions in Earth's mid-to-high latitudes and the Arctic. (phys.org)
  • The research, carried out by an international team of scientists including the University of Sheffield, has found that warming in the Arctic may be intensifying the effects of the jet stream's position, which in the winter can cause extreme cold weather, such as the winter of 2014/15 which saw record snowfall levels in New York. (phys.org)
  • however, the warming of the Arctic appears to be exerting an influence on cold spells, but the location of these can vary from year to year. (phys.org)
  • Previous studies have shown that when the jet stream is wavy there are more episodes of severe cold weather plunging south from the Arctic into the mid-latitudes, which persist for weeks at a time. (phys.org)
  • Nonlinear response of mid-latitude weather to the changing Arctic, Nature Climate Change (2016). (phys.org)
  • Findings from a new Rutgers University climate change study support previous research that shows a link between the rapidly warming Arctic and an increase in extreme weather events. (phys.org)
  • The Arctic has been warming at about twice the rate of the rest of the globe, a trend studies show is largely due to manmade climate change. (climatecentral.org)
  • The study differs from previous research in that it provides evidence that climate change-related sea ice loss can influence weather patterns in a way that is distinguishable from natural climate variability, including the Arctic Oscillation and El Nino. (climatecentral.org)
  • Pinchuk also discovered that during these colder years arctic 'sand-fleas' have migrated south into the Bering Sea. (earthtimes.org)
  • Climate change, true to the predictions of the past half century, has led to faster warming in the Arctic than in the temperate zones. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • But when it coils far to the south, bitter cold Arctic air spills southward along with it. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • Rutgers University climate scientist Jennifer Francis has found " robust relationships " between Arctic warming and a wavier jet stream. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • hmm, how strong a wind, how heavy a rain, and how cold the next arctic blast. (blogspot.com)
  • After originating in the Arctic , this very cold air mass moved south. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brenda Ekwurzel, a senior climate scientist and the director of climate science for the Climate & Energy Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists, started her career collecting samples and conducting research aboard icebreakers in the high Arctic for about a year. (yahoo.com)
  • Is 20-degree Arctic air colder than regular 20-degree air? (wgntv.com)
  • A MEETING called last week to celebrate European achievements in global climate research turned into a deathbed vigil as a stream of scientists and officials warned of an impending collapse in budgets for studies of climate and the global environment. (newscientist.com)
  • Last week, a private exchange of emails among climate scientists stoked a firestorm of scepticism after it was hacked and posted on the web. (smh.com.au)
  • The memos expressed frustration at the scientists' inability to explain what they described as a temporary slowdown in warming, and discussed ways to counter the campaigns of climate naysayers. (smh.com.au)
  • So rather than admit they were wrong, the governments, and their tame climate scientists, now outrageously maintain the fiction that carbon dioxide is a dangerous pollutant. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Scientists are working to understand the frequency and severity of these cold snaps in the future. (phys.org)
  • A new climate analysis from scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Reading (UK) found that under climate warming, cold air outbreaks, or CAOs, are projected to continue over North America but less frequently. (phys.org)
  • Looking at a large suite of climate simulations from multiple models allowed scientists in this study to identify common climate features that project cold air outbreaks in the future. (phys.org)
  • Climate scientists have cited the Medieval Warm Period to explain anomalies in rainfall and temperature in far-flung regions, from the US Southwest to China. (futurity.org)
  • For scientists, however, it has served as a speed gun for calculating the trajectory and timing of an ancient glacier that once played an active role in global climate change. (scientificamerican.com)
  • With increasingly sophisticated techniques, Schaefer and other scientists are more closely studying the chemical footprints on these rocks, thereby gaining valuable insights into climate change. (scientificamerican.com)
  • New research from an international team of scientists reveals one of the mechanisms by which a colder climate was accompanied by depleted atmospheric CO 2 during past ice ages. (caltech.edu)
  • Using a library of more than 10,000 deep-sea corals collected by Caltech's Jess Adkins , an international team of scientists has shown that periods of colder climates are associated with higher phytoplankton efficiency and a reduction in nutrients in the surface of the Southern Ocean (the ocean surrounding the Antarctic), which is related to an increase in carbon sequestration in the deep ocean. (caltech.edu)
  • An independent organization of leading scientists and journalists researching and reporting the facts about our changing climate and its impact on the public. (climatecentral.org)
  • Our scientists publish and our journalists report on climate science, energy, sea level rise. (climatecentral.org)
  • People living in the north and west of Britain in poor quality housing are at a significantly greater risk of high blood pressure than those living in warmer climates, and better quality housing, say scientists today. (innovations-report.com)
  • The research, published recently in the International Journal of Epidemiology, shows how scientists from Imperial College London, the University of Edinburgh and University College London identified an `inverse housing law` in Britain, whereby people in colder climates such as the north and the west were on average a third more likely to live in poorer quality housing than those in the south and the east. (innovations-report.com)
  • However, the cold period is not expected to last and scientists predict that the warming trend in the Bering Sea is set to resume. (earthtimes.org)
  • Because it plays a key role in weather extremes, climate scientists are striving to understand its changing dynamics. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • Citizens and scientists on the Orkney Islands are racing to protect thousands of ancient structures threatened by climate change. (nytimes.com)
  • Climate scientists suggest the cold snaps we've been experiencing during the past few years, particularly in the Northeast, have been a paradoxical result of the warming climate. (yahoo.com)
  • Using a new method coined COLD, scientists at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light in Erlangen have now visualized protein structures with a resolution of around 5 Å. (mpg.de)
  • March 1912 was the second-coldest March on record for the contiguous U.S., [11] with widespread heavy snowfalls. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate change seems very far away. (newscientist.com)
  • He said researchers must recruit industries that are vulnerable to climate change, such as tourism, to argue the case for research into future climate. (newscientist.com)
  • If the evidence is overwhelming that man-made climate change is already upon us and set to wreak planetary havoc, why do so many people refuse to believe it? (smh.com.au)
  • Experts see several explanations for the eagerness with which so many dismiss climate change as overblown or a hoax. (smh.com.au)
  • For Tim Kasser, a professor of psychology at Knox University in Galesburg, Illinois, the reality of climate change impinges on core aspects of our identity. (smh.com.au)
  • Under such circumstances, people are resourceful in finding ways to reassure themselves or turn their backs on the threat posed by climate change. (smh.com.au)
  • It's that moment when you really get it, when you understand not just intellectually but emotionally that climate change is really happening. (smh.com.au)
  • To conclude that a temporary cold snap in one part of the globe disproves climate change, said climate scientist Peter Frumhoff, "is like saying, 'If everyone around me is wealthy, then poverty is not a problem. (theweek.com)
  • But those two pieces of positive greenery risk being submerged in what is, frankly, a far "sexier" media story: the suspension of state TV's top weatherman for daring to question the ethics of COP21 and the whole climate change establishment. (bbc.co.uk)
  • For many viewers, watching Chernobyl crystallized parallels between widespread cultural panic around the nuclear threat and what we're feeling now in the face of climate change. (lifehacker.com)
  • And though he'd chosen not to read it, even just following social media conversations about Jem Bendell's Deep Adaptation paper on the risk of social collapse under climate change disrupted his sleep for a brief period. (lifehacker.com)
  • Climate change is real, it's happening, and everybody knows it. (lifehacker.com)
  • and news about how climate change affects insect populations have also made people more aware of their vulnerability, "something we've been quite split off from," says Caroline Hickman, a teaching fellow at the University of Bath and member of the executive committee of the Climate Psychology Alliance. (lifehacker.com)
  • Models like The Work That Reconnects provide a simple outline for addressing anxiety while respecting the fact that climate change is a real and pressing concern for us all. (lifehacker.com)
  • Climate change is already affecting all of us, from local agricultural economies to the lives and locations of entire communities. (lifehacker.com)
  • A team of Binghamton University researchers including Jessica Hua, assistant professor of biological sciences, and George Meindl, assistant professor of environmental studies, investigated the effect of climate change on amphibian health and their susceptibility to contaminants and parasites. (eurekalert.org)
  • We feel that the research in this paper is important because it highlights that global climate change is more complex than just an increase in average temperature. (eurekalert.org)
  • In fact, global climate change is also predicted to increase the prevalence of extreme cold temperature events, as well as increase the amount of variation in temperature fluctuations. (eurekalert.org)
  • Lead author Matthew Wersebe from the University of Oklahoma agreed and said that many people overlook the impact of climate change on plants and animals. (eurekalert.org)
  • We all recognize that climate change [is] one of the most serious issues facing us today," said Wersebe. (eurekalert.org)
  • Along with this, many studies only consider warming, or changing patterns of water availability on natural systems, and not the impact of the variability in the short-term that is also expected with climate change. (eurekalert.org)
  • Studies like these are critical to understanding the full impacts of climate change. (eurekalert.org)
  • Kimball concluded: "This demonstrates that the response of organisms to climate change can be unexpected. (treehugger.com)
  • Had he stayed in Italy at the recent G-8 summit, he could have continued the Herculean task of disabusing Barack Obama of his amazingly durable belief, shared by the U.S. Congress, that China and India, Brazil, Mexico and other developing nations will sacrifice their modernization on the altar of climate change. (columbiatribune.com)
  • China made this clear in June when its vice premier said, opaquely, that China will actively participate in climate change talks on a basis of common but differentiated responsibility. (columbiatribune.com)
  • The meaning of that was made clear three days later at a climate change conference in Bonn, where a Chinese spokesman reiterated that his country s priority is economic growth: Given that, it is natural for China to have some increase in its emissions, so it is not possible for China in that context to accept a binding or compulsory target. (columbiatribune.com)
  • Japan s decision left Yvo de Boer, the slow learner who is the United Nations climate change czar, nonplussed: For the first time in my 2 years in this job, I don t know what to say. (columbiatribune.com)
  • Fortunately, skepticism about the evidence that supposedly supports current alarmism about climate change is growing, as is evidence that, whatever the truth about the problem turns out to be, U.S. actions cannot be significantly ameliorative. (columbiatribune.com)
  • And why, regarding climate change, the U.S. government, rushing to impose unilateral cap-and-trade burdens on the sagging U.S. economy, looks increasingly like someone who bought a closetful of platform shoes and bell-bottom slacks just as disco was dying. (columbiatribune.com)
  • While he may not be the only voice in the climate-change debate, he's definitely the loudest. (vanityfair.com)
  • With lengthening growing seasons but increased temperature variability under climate change, frost damage to plants may remain a risk and could be exacerbated by poleward planting of warm-adapted seed sources. (nature.com)
  • We conclude that cold adaptation should remain an important consideration when implementing seed transfers designed to mitigate harmful effects of climate change. (nature.com)
  • Maladapted plant populations may further contribute to climate change through reduced carbon sequestration, or may even turn into significant sources of carbon dioxide 9 . (nature.com)
  • The top five historical cold events may still happen across North America, despite climate change, according to research led by PNNL. (phys.org)
  • The PNNL-led research team analyzed model outputs from 26 global climate models used in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). (phys.org)
  • The Laurentide coughs and the climate will change,' says Joerg Schaefer , a geochemist at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. (scientificamerican.com)
  • We know a lot about how carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) levels can drive climate change, but how about the way that climate change can cause fluctuations in CO 2 levels? (caltech.edu)
  • The overall goal of the work is to better understand how and why the earth goes through periodic climate change, which could shed light on how man-made factors could affect the global climate. (caltech.edu)
  • Improving our ability to predict how climate change is affecting the jet stream will help to improve our long-term prediction of winter weather in some of the most highly populated regions of the world. (phys.org)
  • Climate Central surveys and conducts scientific research on climate change and informs the public of key findings. (climatecentral.org)
  • A Pulitzer Prize-winning, non-profit, non-partisan news organization dedicated to covering climate change, energy and the environment. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • Sign up to receive our latest reporting on climate change, energy and environmental justice, sent directly to your inbox. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • How would you change the climate classification? (city-data.com)
  • It would therefore be interesting to consider atmospheric and oceanic oxygen contents much more in research aiming at understanding and tackling the causes of the current climate change," says Professor Robert Frei. (scitech-news.com)
  • We hope that these results can contribute to our understanding of the complexity of climate change. (scitech-news.com)
  • With a cheering crowd present, participants charged into the water of the St. Mary's River on a 26° day in an effort to raise awareness about climate change. (smcm.edu)
  • Chandwaney said he participates in the annual Polar Bear Plunge to join people who care about global warming and the effects of climate change. (smcm.edu)
  • We want to] let people know about what is going on currently in our region that is directly affected by climate change such as the Cove Point project," she stated. (smcm.edu)
  • This figure matches the upper range of estimates proposed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (azocleantech.com)
  • In conclusion, our work demonstrates that Teletherms are an intuitive, powerful, and statistically sound measure of local climate change, and that they pose detailed, stringent challenges for future theoretical and computational models. (osti.gov)
  • Continuous measuring proved to be a valuable method for defining loads and short-term fluctuations in water quality in small clayey watercourses in a boreal cold climate, where the climate change will increase the frequency of winter floods. (iwaponline.com)
  • Sixteen Shad and Climate Change? (blogspot.com)
  • One ten-thousandth of a degree climate change. (blogspot.com)
  • However, this post is long enough and I cannot address Gundersen's climate-change assertions today. (blogspot.com)
  • When we see records being broken and unprecedented events such as this, the onus is on those who deny any connection to climate change to prove their case. (blogspot.com)
  • In the strictest sense, all weather is now connected to climate change. (blogspot.com)
  • Global Climate Change and Cold Regions Ecosystems provides information on soil processes and the carbon cycle in cold ecoregions as well as the soil carbon pool and its fluxes in the soils of cold ecoregions. (taylorfrancis.com)
  • A landmark United Nations report paints a far more dire picture of the immediate consequences of climate change than previously thought and says that avoiding damage requires quickly transforming the world economy. (nytimes.com)
  • Because of climate change, by midcentury many prior Winter Games locations may be too warm to ever host the Olympics again. (nytimes.com)
  • Climate change is altering America's first national park so quickly that plants and animals may not be able to adapt. (nytimes.com)
  • Climate change is ravaging the natural laboratory that inspired Darwin. (nytimes.com)
  • Climate change is ravaging California's underwater kelp forests. (nytimes.com)
  • Overfishing, hunting and pollution are putting pressure on the birds, but climate change may prove to be the biggest challenge. (nytimes.com)
  • Extreme weather linked to climate change has increased the frequency and severity of flooding, amplifying the risk of toxic spills at chemical sites. (nytimes.com)
  • The cool climate of Antarctica was a refuge for animals fleeing climate change during the biggest mass extinction in Earth's history, suggests a new fossil study. (newscientist.com)
  • The study provides valuable evidence that animals today could survive climate change by migrating, according to Peter Mayhew , an evolutionary ecologist at the University of York, UK. (newscientist.com)
  • The research is exciting because studies on modern fauna under climate change suggest that dispersal of a species is essential if a species is to track the shifting distribution of its climate needs," says Mayhew. (newscientist.com)
  • But evidence that this allowed species to survive rapid climate change in the deep past is scant. (newscientist.com)
  • At the United Nations this week, Kenya's president lamented the loss of animal species and called for measures to combat climate change. (ap.org)
  • TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. (AP) - Gov. Gretchen Whitmer on Wednesday called for Michigan to become "carbon neutral" by 2050 in the fight against climate change, which would require steep reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and significantly greater use of renewable energy. (ap.org)
  • SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) - The western Joshua tree will be considered for protection under the California Endangered Species Act because of threats from climate change and habitat destruction, the state Fish and Game Commission decided Tuesday. (ap.org)
  • David Kanter, a professor of environmental studies at New York University who researches climate change, explained that one of the main reasons Trump does not understand climate change is that he's confusing weather with climate. (yahoo.com)
  • So, pointing to one weather event as reason for disproving this decadal to centuries-long phenomenon we know as climate change is just false. (yahoo.com)
  • According to Kanter, there's a case to be made that the very data points that Trump thinks disprove climate change are actually additional evidence of climate change. (yahoo.com)
  • She said it's normal for people to be surprised by the reality of climate change while experiencing winter conditions. (yahoo.com)
  • Ekwurzel said it's important for people to distinguish between cold weather events at home and climate change globally. (yahoo.com)
  • If you look at the map of the larger world with the temperature change from normal for this time of year, you would see that the U.S. is popping out as extremely cold. (yahoo.com)
  • The continental United States has been experiencing notable anthropogenic climate change since the Industrial Revolution. (yahoo.com)
  • But climate change is threatening this ecosystem. (cbc.ca)
  • Diving with whales, walruses and polar bears, Heinerth and Cyr bring viewers into a majestic underwater world threatened by disappearing ice and rapid climate change. (cbc.ca)
  • There are a lot of factors which indicate that climate change is not a seasonal phenomenon. (airbus.com)
  • Those who doubt climate change say this is just a temporary effect, that this is something that happened every once in a while in previous centuries. (airbus.com)
  • People who live in colder areas of the world that get less sunlight tend to drink more alcohol than those who live in more temperate climates. (healthcentral.com)
  • At Brighter Blooms Nursery you can choose from a vast selection of cold-hardy trees, to help you achieve marvelous landscaping results even if you happen to live in colder zones. (brighterblooms.com)
  • They were able to colonise colder environments or high latitudes, allowing them to thrive when the Earth's climate cooled. (reading.ac.uk)
  • Schaefer thinks a better understanding of variations in this era could fill in missing key predictors for Earth's future climate. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The recent study involved researchers from the University of Washington, the University at Albany, and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, who calculated climate sensitivity with a different outlook - they used the data from Earth's history. (azocleantech.com)
  • 'Our results imply that the Earth's sensitivity to variations in atmospheric CO 2 increases as the climate warms,' explained Friedrich. (azocleantech.com)
  • The findings of the research show that unchecked human-induced greenhouse gas emissions will presumably alter Earth's climate far beyond the temperature conditions that have prevailed in the past 784,000 years. (azocleantech.com)
  • The reason it's actually colder is because, as you go up in the atmosphere, the Earth's atmosphere feels less pressure the higher up you go. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • It could be that birds in warmer climates have evolved bills to shed heat, but the authors think it's more likely that cold temperature is a constraint on the size of birds' beaks. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Even in temperate climates, people can rapidly become hypothermic in the water. (cdc.gov)
  • The jet stream-a powerful river of wind high in the atmosphere-shapes the Northern Hemisphere's weather, including bitter cold snaps. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • There's also evidence that as it wobbles, it can get stuck out of kilter, which can lead to more persistent weather extremes , including heat waves, cold snaps, droughts and flooding. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • The 10-year period ending in 2007 witnessed fewer severe cold snaps than any other 10-year period since record keeping began in 1895. (climatecommunication.org)
  • Do you know what the upper-level configuration was for 1950, and how it was so much more intense than our other cold snaps? (blogspot.com)
  • Though overall, the winter growing season is getting warmer, these first rains are falling during colder temperature periods then they had previously. (treehugger.com)
  • The 1912 United States cold wave was one of the coldest periods since 1870 in the northern United States, according to the U.S. National Weather Service . (wikipedia.org)
  • Greenland just set the record for coldest July temperature ever reported in the Northern Hemisphere at -33C. (climatechangedispatch.com)
  • Coldest temperature in the Northern Hemisphere: -67.2 °C (-89 °F) at Summit, Greenland, March 18. (blogspot.com)
  • This is also the coldest March temperature ever recorded in the Northern Hemisphere. (blogspot.com)
  • GENEVA (AP) - For all the recent talk of global warming, climate historians hunting for past temperature extremes have unearthed what the U.N. weather agency calls a new record low in the Northern Hemisphere - nearly -70 degrees Celsius (-93 F) was recorded almost three decades ago in Greenland. (ap.org)
  • [ citation needed ] Williston, North Dakota had its coldest March on record from 1895 through 2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bred for early ripening in cooler night climates, this variety also produces early. (tradewindsfruit.com)
  • Since they are suitable for cooler climates, their health in warmer climate is in jeopardy. (change.org)
  • Roof ventilators without energy recovery options may not be ideal for cooler climates. (zehnderamerica.com)
  • Cold-water corals could be the first organisms to fall victim to the acidification of the oceans," says Riebesell, whose dire prediction is supported by a study that appeared earlier this week in the professional journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment -- a publication of the Ecological Society of America. (spiegel.de)
  • Here, we study cold adaptation of tree populations in a wide-ranging coniferous species in western North America to inform limits to seed transfer. (nature.com)
  • Our analysis identified processes that will regulate future CAOs and climate factors that conspire to produce a distinct spatial pattern of CAO changes in North America. (phys.org)
  • Persistent Cold Air Outbreaks over North America in a Warming Climate. (phys.org)
  • This is the first study that systematically demonstrates that worldwide and in America, in colder areas and areas with less sun, you have more drinking and more alcoholic cirrhosis. (thirdage.com)
  • This ornamental adapts beautifully to nearly every climate in North America. (brighterblooms.com)
  • The Cold Climate Housing Research Center (CCHRC) is an industry-based, nonprofit corporation created to facilitate the development, use, and testing of energy-efficient, durable, healthy, and cost-effective building technologies for people living in circumpolar regions around the globe. (cchrc.org)
  • Conversely, moving southern seeds northward can test the performance of warm-adapted populations under currently colder environments, thereby suggesting limits to seed transfer. (nature.com)
  • Colder environments increase the rate of heat loss from mammals and, to maintain the body temperature constant, this loss is subsequently compensated for by increasing the metabolic rates as long as resources are available to fuel the metabolic elevation. (reading.ac.uk)
  • Now Symonds and the team have robust evidence that birds living in colder environments, whether that's towards the poles or up a mountain, tend to have smaller beaks. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Comprised of low-temperature-resistant nitrile material, these regulator components are ideal for use even in environments with extensive presence of hydrocarbons, such as at large industrial gas suppliers' facilities where climate control may not be an option. (thomasnet.com)
  • Sarah Kimball, a research associate at the University of Arizona in Tucson, commented that, "it's an unexpected result-that global warming has led to an increase in cold-adapted species. (treehugger.com)
  • To understand fitness differences between spores and cysts, we measured long-term survival of spores and cysts under climate-mimicking conditions, investigated spore and cyst ultrastructure, and related fitness characteristics to species ecology. (nature.com)
  • When the earth is at its coldest, the amount of CO 2 in the atmosphere is also at its lowest. (caltech.edu)
  • The European cold wave was associated with a so-called "blocking pattern" in the atmosphere. (climatecentral.org)
  • This includes boundary layer processes in cold climates, interactions and feedbacks between atmosphere and the cryosphere in both marine and terrestrial environment. (earthworks-jobs.com)
  • In other words, we may be in an era of unprecedented climate weirdness - when Jacksonville, Fla., can get colder than Anchorage, Alaska, as it was on Tuesday - as a result of humans releasing more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. (yahoo.com)
  • According to 2018 research from the University of Pittsburgh Division of Gastroenterology, people living in colder regions with less sunlight drink more alcohol than their warm-weather counterparts. (thirdage.com)
  • Parasites of the Colder Climates 1st Edition by Hannah Akuffo and Publisher CRC Press. (vitalsource.com)
  • Using a completely new method, researchers have shown that high atmospheric and oceanic oxygen content makes the climate colder. (scitech-news.com)
  • The method is a unique tool, which makes it possible to examine historical changes in the atmospheric oxygen content and thereby possible climate changes. (scitech-news.com)
  • The magnitude of warming that is anticipated to occur as a result of increase in CO 2 concentration is known as climate sensitivity. (azocleantech.com)
  • Currently, our planet is in a warm phase -- an interglacial period -- and the associated increased climate sensitivity needs to be taken into account for future projections of warming induced by human activities. (azocleantech.com)
  • Further sensitivity studies with a climate model (CESM) in which extra-tropical cloud albedo is systematically varied illustrate the influence of cloud albedo perturbations, not only directly above the oceanic subduction regions but across the extra-tropics, on the equatorial bias. (springer.com)
  • At the meeting, which was organised by the Commission, climate researchers complained about the parochialism of much European research, and Europe's failure to contribute fully to international research programmes. (newscientist.com)
  • When Clive Hamilton, a professor of public ethics at Australian National University, attended a September climate conference at Oxford tasked with imagining a world warmed by 4 degrees Celsius, he was struck by how researchers spoke among themselves. (smh.com.au)
  • But researchers fear that cold-water corals could be even more susceptible to the disintegrative effects of acidification. (spiegel.de)
  • Based upon signs left by old glaciers, researchers say the climate was already cold when the Norse arrived-and that climate thus probably played little role in their mysterious demise some 400 years later. (futurity.org)
  • The effect of carbon dioxide on cold-water corals is much like osteoporosis in humans. (spiegel.de)
  • This is the core idea of every official climate model: For each bit of warming due to carbon dioxide, they claim it ends up causing three bits of warming due to the extra moist air. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Understanding the adaptation of plant populations to cold-as well as to heat and drought-is critical for minimizing risks under changing climates and assisted migration 26 . (nature.com)
  • Brook trout populations depend on cold, clear, well-oxygenated water of high purity. (fws.gov)
  • The accidental discovery in Alberta of one of the best-preserved dinosaurs ever opens a prehistoric cold case to uncover the secrets of its mysterious death. (cbc.ca)
  • Our research isolated the changes of future cold air outbreaks to changes in the mean, the variance, and the skewness of daily surface air temperature" said Dr. Yang Gao, postdoctoral researcher and atmospheric scientist at PNNL. (phys.org)
  • Understanding which atmospheric and surface processes modulate the CAO changes can provide valuable insights on how, in a changing climate, those processes interact to influence climate extremes," said Dr. Ruby Leung, PNNL Laboratory Fellow, atmospheric scientist and corresponding author on the study. (phys.org)
  • We are asking for photographs of dust storms and dust events in cold climates (or high latitude areas), southwest United States and Northern Mexico, and desert (or arid and semi arid) areas. (globe.gov)
  • BrHEAThe is a combined heating and ventilation system which uses one distribution system to provide fresh air and space heating to high-performance homes in cold climates. (cchrc.org)
  • Those who lived in colder climates, in poor quality housing, could be up to 45 per cent more likely to develop high blood pressure. (innovations-report.com)
  • Or maybe you could do one on contour up high, sacrificing it to cold in order to infilitrate water and then put the rest based on solar exposure. (permies.com)
  • There is an extraordinary amount of new high technology clothing to allow you to keep warm in cold weather. (healthtap.com)
  • There are climate-friendly alternatives to ozone-depleting substances and high-global warming potential hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in each part of the cold food chain where refrigeration is necessary. (ccacoalition.org)
  • Larger pollock go after the larger plankton that are found in colder waters. (earthtimes.org)
  • Have a look now -- I didn't manage to save the image from last week, and the hotter waters along the East Coast of the U.S. have pushed northeast, but colder waters are still in the way. (blogspot.com)
  • Their El Niño modoki pattern is defined based on the second EOF mode of monthly tropical Pacific SST anomalies, which shows a warming over the central equatorial Pacific with cold centers on both sides of the warm center along the equator. (ametsoc.org)
  • This project prepared resources for homeowners who want to learn about SIPs, where they are used in cold climates, and considerations for Alaska. (cchrc.org)
  • CCHRC worked with the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory to pair information on permafrost soils with optimal foundation designs. (cchrc.org)
  • mentioning the benefits of doing them off contour in colder regions. (permies.com)
  • Across the globe in recent decades, there has been a reduction in the number of cold extremes, such as very cold nights, and a widespread reduction in the number of frost days in mid-latitude regions. (climatecommunication.org)
  • Leaf and lateral shoot removal just prior to veraison could be an effective tool to reduce acidity in CCIHG grown in cold climate regions with short growing seasons. (ajevonline.org)
  • Water quality changes in cold climate regions often occur very rapidly and therefore discrete samples are unrepresentative of the range of water quality occurring. (iwaponline.com)
  • This is not only important for refinement of the global climate models but also very valuable information especially for development and protection of coastal regions. (airbus.com)
  • We certainly have abundant evidence that organisms are shifting their geographic ranges today as climates warm," he says. (newscientist.com)
  • And in fact, many therapeutic techniques developed during the Cold War to help people cope with nuclear anxiety are eerily applicable today. (lifehacker.com)
  • For young people especially, anxiety about the climate might involve mourning lost possibilities. (lifehacker.com)
  • People from the tropics do seem to think that areas outside the tropics are very cold in winter. (city-data.com)
  • Not only are people in Florida not used to cold, but when it gets even 'remotely chilly' they overreact so much with clothing it can be comical to see. (city-data.com)
  • People typically spend more time indoors during the winter in cold climates, which can actually increase the need for adequate ventilation to keep germs from spreading as readily. (zehnderamerica.com)
  • Can you explain cold weather illnes and somethings that people forget to do to prevent cold weather illness. (healthtap.com)
  • The theory has been that in cold weather people crowd together indoors more and therefore transmit disease among each other. (healthtap.com)
  • On the other hand some people just have cold feet/hands and that is normal for them. (healthtap.com)
  • That's why space suits are specially designed in order to keep people from getting too hot in the sunny bits but also prevent them from becoming too cold in the non-sunny bits. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • One group believe that natural variability in the jet stream's position has caused the recent severe cold winter weather seen in places such as the Eastern United States and the UK. (phys.org)
  • Birds living in colder climates evolved smaller beaks than their fair-weather cousins to help keep them warmer, a new study shows. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Cold climate may refer to: Polar climate Ice cap climate Tundra climate Alpine climate Subarctic climate Continental climate This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Cold climate. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is by far the coldest polar bear plunge," said senior and SEAC member Ashok Chandwaney. (smcm.edu)
  • This has disrupted the polar winds that traditionally trap very cold air. (yahoo.com)
  • Indeed, as humans, ecosystems, and societal infrastructures adapt to an average warmer climate, these findings show continued future challenges in coping with extreme cold events. (phys.org)
  • Everything humans do to the climate now is on top of this. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Unlike the warm-climate solar heater we saw earlier, this one can withstand freezing because it uses silicone tubing in the collector. (hackaday.com)
  • The best way to avoid cold weather illness is to move to a warm climate - or just wait for global warming to catch up to us. (healthtap.com)
  • Love in a Cold Climate is a novel by Nancy Mitford, first published in 1949. (wikipedia.org)
  • Love in a Cold Climate is a companion volume to The Pursuit of Love. (wikipedia.org)
  • The time frame of Love in a Cold Climate is the same as The Pursuit of Love, but the focus is on a different set of characters. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Love in a Cold Climate, Fanny narrates the story of Polly, to whom Fanny is distantly related through her father's family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nancy Mitford's Love in a Cold Climate and Other Novels casts a finely gauged net to capture perfectly the foibles and fancies of the English upper class, and includes an introduction by Philip Hensher in Penguin Modern Classics. (penguin.co.uk)
  • In The Pursuit of Love , Love in a Cold Climate and The Blessing , her extraordinary heroines deal with armies of hilariously eccentric relatives, the excitement of love and passion, and the thrills of the social Season. (penguin.co.uk)
  • If you enjoyed Love in a Cold Climate and Other Novels , you might like Evelyn Waugh's Brideshead Revisited , also available in Penguin Modern Classics. (penguin.co.uk)
  • She had written four novels, including Wigs on the Green (1935), before the success of The Pursuit of Love in 1945, which she followed with Love in a Cold Climate (1949), The Blessing (1951) and Don't Tell Alfred (1960). (penguin.co.uk)
  • Philippe Verdier is not a climatologist, but he has covered the weather for more than 20 years in various capacities and has attended the climate conferences at Bali, Copenhagen and Cancun. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Wear safety equipment to keep you warm and dry when engaging in adventure activities in cold weather or around cold water. (cdc.gov)
  • You do know that if you use a Heat exchanges and a closed loop, you can make any design a cold weather design. (hackaday.com)
  • A decrease in storm activity over large parts of the US, Europe, Russia, and China is found to influence weather extremes-cold ones in winter, hot or dry ones in summer. (phys.org)
  • Staff members are authorities in communicating climate and weather links, sea level rise, climate. (climatecentral.org)
  • The study also shows that sea ice loss can alter weather patterns in a way that favors the movement of Siberian cold air masses into Europe, which is what happened this winter. (climatecentral.org)
  • It might seem counterintuitive, but global warming plays a role in blasts of bitter cold weather. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • When it rolls along in relatively steady waves, normal weather ensues, with spells of cold, snow and intermittent warm-ups. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • More extreme and persistent swings in the jet stream may also be shaping a North American winter weather pattern that's been common the past few years-a warm and dry West, especially California, and cold waves in the Eastern U.S. (insideclimatenews.org)
  • Increasing hot weather has been accompanied by a decrease in cold weather. (climatecommunication.org)
  • Me and a friend got into a conversation about moving to a different weather climate. (straightdope.com)
  • So, in the spirit of helping all my warm-to-cold newbies out, here are 7 tips I've learned for making the transition from hot to cold weather. (sparefoot.com)
  • 1. Buy Your Cold-Weather Gear AFTER You Move. (sparefoot.com)
  • But that would be doing yourself a disservice-there are a bunch of fun things to do in cold weather. (sparefoot.com)
  • Am not aware of any evidence to prove that cold weather alone predisposes to infection. (healthtap.com)
  • How can I train in cold weather? (healthtap.com)
  • Any ski shop, outdoor shop or athletic or runners supply shop (particularly those in warm weather climates) can help you get equipped safely. (healthtap.com)
  • How can I control eczema outbreaks in cold, dry weather? (healthtap.com)
  • What are home remedies to cure chilblains caused due to cold weather? (healthtap.com)
  • Cold weather, warming climate. (yahoo.com)
  • Climate are those weather patterns but measured over decades to centuries," Kanter told Yahoo News. (yahoo.com)
  • You are absolutely correct to observe that the first genuinely cold weather of the winter season seems brutally cold, but after at least a few days of chill, the harshness of the temperature seems much less. (wgntv.com)
  • With all the talk of global warming, why did we just experience such incredibly cold weather that reached so far south? (wgntv.com)
  • Climate factors also were tied to binge drinking and the prevalence of alcoholic liver disease, one of the main causes of mortality in patients with prolonged excessive alcohol use . (thirdage.com)
  • The main reason to install a ventilated rainscreen gap between the sheathing and the siding -- especially on a thick wall with cold sheathing -- is to increase the rate of drying. (greenbuildingadvisor.com)
  • The team will analyze a multi-model ensemble of global climate simulations to examine changes in extreme events such as heat waves and drought. (phys.org)
  • Everybody talks about CO2 and other greenhouse gases as causes of global warming and the large climate changes we are currently experiencing. (scitech-news.com)
  • She joined fellow demonstrators outside the Swedish Parliament on Friday to kick off a day of socially distanced global climate protests. (ap.org)
  • At bedtime, after stripping down to your thermal underwear and storing your clothes, you nip outside in the bitter cold, cross to the Icehotel, and hurry down a ghostly blue-white corridor to find, through the billowing fog of your breath, the icy chamber that's yours for the night. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The East Coast experienced bitter cold this holiday season, and it's about to be pounded by a "bomb cyclone" on Thursday. (yahoo.com)
  • The East Coast was gripped by record cold and powerful storms last week, with every state from Maine to Florida under a blanket of frigid air. (theweek.com)
  • Yet in defiance of all trends, the last three years in the Bering Sea have been the coldest on record. (earthtimes.org)
  • Climate experts immediately responded to the record cold by saying Greenland is melting faster than expected at -33C. (climatechangedispatch.com)
  • The all-time cold record occurred in Zambia, which ironically also set an all-time hottest temperature record in 2011. (blogspot.com)
  • Seven countries and one territory set all-time hottest temperature records in 2011, and one nation set an all-time coldest temperature record. (blogspot.com)
  • It was the coldest November on record in the contiguous U.S. , with an average temperature of 37.27 °F (2.93 °C), [1] while December was relatively mild. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the East, it could be the COLDEST New Year's Eve on record. (yahoo.com)
  • Our results suggest that Dictyostelium multicellular sporulation was a likely adaptation to a cold climate. (nature.com)
  • The changes of CAOs are also affected by changes in the skewness of surface air temperature, which are modulated by the frequency of atmospheric blocking and the melting of snow cover and sea ice as the climate warms. (phys.org)
  • Further, they will analyze their potential linkages with atmospheric blocking and other atmospheric circulation features and surface conditions, as the same features could have very different effects on climate extremes on the other end of the extreme spectrum. (phys.org)
  • Throughout history our climate has been dependent on balance between CO2 and atmospheric oxygen. (scitech-news.com)
  • Antarctica wasn't covered in ice then, but had a cool climate, and maybe lay further from the erupting Siberian volcanoes and their beastly atmospheric effects," says Mike Benton , a vertebrate palaeontologist at the University of Bristol, UK. (newscientist.com)
  • These findings provide important insights on processes that influence cold extremes, with implications for human health, agriculture, energy, and other sectors of the society to climate extremes in the future. (phys.org)
  • We also compare recorded daily temperature extremes with output from two regional climate models finding considerable though relatively unbiased error. (osti.gov)
  • Cold air outbreaks may be more deadly than extreme heat spells. (phys.org)
  • According to the study, the end result of all this is that there are increased chances of heavy snowstorms and cold air outbreaks in the Northeastern and Midwestern U.S., as well as Europe and parts of Asia. (climatecentral.org)
  • How are 'mild deserts' (BSn and BWn) climates classified? (city-data.com)
  • A winter day in Chicago with a reading in the 60s will seem, to most of us, genuinely mild, but a midsummer day with an identical temperature will seem unpleasantly chilly, even cold. (wgntv.com)
  • These are some of the questions asked in a study commissioned by Emerson Climate Technologies that reveals many Chinese consumers do not know how to handle and store perishable foods. (emersonclimate.com)
  • The Emerson study explains how cold chain technology solutions can help retailers create a win/win situation by both recognizing the responsibility consumers have passed to them and keeping costs down. (emersonclimate.com)
  • Using tree-ring signatures of cold damage from common garden trials designed to study genetic population differentiation, we find opposing geographic clines for spring frost and fall frost damage. (nature.com)
  • This paper presents a study of the development of building envelope design for improved energy performance of a controlled indoor agricultural growing center in a cold climate zone (Canada, 54° N). A parametric study is applied to analyze the effects of envelope parameters on the building energy loads for heating, cooling and lighting, required for maintaining growing requirement as obtained in the literature. (mdpi.com)
  • This is the first in-depth study that backs up a 133 year old theory, called Allen's rule, which predicts that warm-blooded animals from colder parts of the world will evolve smaller appendages including ears, tails, and limbs. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • The findings of a study by Tobias Friedrich of the International Pacific Research Center (IPRC) at the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UHM) , which were recently published in the Science Advances journal, propose that when compared to cold climates, warm climates are highly sensitive to CO 2 level changes. (azocleantech.com)
  • For instance, the majority of the climate models participating in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) have this particular problem (17 out of the 26 models evaluated in the present study). (springer.com)
  • Thus, our study suggests that one way to improve the equatorial cold bias in the models is to improve the representation of subtropical and mid-latitude cloud albedo. (springer.com)
  • Hedgehogs, rabbits, primates and even giraffe have all benefitted in the evolutionary race due to their ability to adapt their metabolism to cope with a changing climate, according to new research. (reading.ac.uk)
  • This will yield satellite data-informed estimates of cold-stress impacts on photosynthesis over the past decades and in future warming scenarios. (wsl.ch)