A residue of coal, left after dry (destructive) distillation, used as a fuel.
A group of condensed ring hydrocarbons.
Compounds consisting of two or more fused ring structures.
A natural fuel formed by partial decomposition of vegetable matter under certain environmental conditions.
A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
Organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen in the form of an unsaturated, usually hexagonal ring structure. The compounds can be single ring, or double, triple, or multiple fused rings.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Carcinogenic substances that are found in the environment.
Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms are defined as abnormal growths or tumors that develop within the respiratory system, including the nose, sinuses, throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), windpipe (trachea), bronchi, and lungs, which can be benign or malignant, with the potential to cause significant morbidity and mortality.
A by-product of the destructive distillation of coal used as a topical antieczematic. It is an antipruritic and keratoplastic agent used also in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin conditions. Occupational exposure to soots, tars, and certain mineral oils is known to be carcinogenic according to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985) (Merck Index, 11th ed).

Mortality among residents near cokeworks in Great Britain. (1/68)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether residents near cokeworks have a higher standardised mortality than those further away, particularly from cardiovascular and respiratory causes, which may be associated with pollution from cokeworks. METHOD: Cross sectional small area study with routinely collected postcoded mortality data and small area census statistics. Populations within 7.5 km of 22 cokeworks in Great Britain, 1981-92. Expected numbers of deaths within 2 and 7.5 km of cokeworks, and in eight distance bands up to 7.5 km of cokeworks, were calculated by indirect standardisation from national rates stratified for age and sex and a small area deprivation index, and adjusted for region. Age groups examined were all ages, 1-14, 15-64, 65-74, > or = 75. Only the 1-14 and 15-44 age groups were examined for asthma mortality. RESULTS: There was a 3% (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1% to 4%) excess of all deaths within 2 km of cokeworks, and a significant decline in mortality with distance from cokeworks. The excess of deaths within 2 km was slightly higher for females and elderly people, but excesses within 2 km and declines in risk with distance were significant for all adult age groups and both sexes. The size of the excess within 2 km was 5% (95% CI 3% to 7%) for cardiovascular causes, 6% (95% CI 3% to 9%) for ischaemic heart disease, and 2% (95% CI -2% to 6%) for respiratory deaths, with significant declines in risk with distance for all these causes. There was a non-significant 15% (95% CI -1% to 101%) excess in asthma mortality in the 15-44 age group. There were no significant excesses in mortality among children but 95% CIs were wide. Within 2 km of cokeworks, the estimated additional excess all cause mortality for all ages combined related to region and mainly to the greater deprivation of the population over national levels was 12%. CONCLUSIONS: A small excess mortality near cokeworks as found in this study is plausible in the light of current evidence about the health impact of air pollution. However, in this study the effects of pollution from cokeworks, if any, are outweighed by the effects of deprivation on weighed by the effects of deprivation on mortality near cokeworks. It is not possible to confidently exclude socioeconomic confounding or biases resulting from inexact population estimation as explanations for the excess found.  (+info)

Proximity to coke works and hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular disease in England and Wales. (2/68)

BACKGROUND: The incidence of hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in areas close to operating coke works in England and Wales was investigated. METHODS: A small area study using distance from source as a proxy for exposure was undertaken in subjects aged 65 or over and children under 5 years within 7.5 km of four coke works (1991 estimated populations 87 760 and 43 932, respectively). The main outcome measures were emergency hospital admissions in 1992/3-1994/5 with a primary diagnosis of coronary heart disease (ICD 410-414), stroke (ICD 431-438), all respiratory diseases (ICD 460-519), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ICD 491-492), and asthma (ICD 493) in those aged 65 or over, and all respiratory and asthma admissions in children under 5 years of age. RESULTS: At age 65 or over the combined estimate of relative risk with proximity to coke works (per km) ranged from 0.99 (95% CI 0.90 to 1.09) for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to 1.03 (95% CI 0.94 to 1.13) for asthma. For children under 5 years the combined estimate of risk was 1.08 (95% CI 0.98 to 1.20) for all respiratory disease and 1.07 (95% CI 0.98 to 1.18) for asthma. There was evidence of significant heterogeneity in risk estimates between coke work groups, especially in children under 5 years (p<0.001 and p=0.004 for respiratory disease and asthma, respectively). For the Teesside coke works in North East England the relative risk with proximity (per km) was 1.09 (95% CI 1.06 to 1.12) for respiratory disease and 1.09 (95% CI 1.04 to 1.15) for asthma. CONCLUSIONS: No evidence overall was found for an association between hospital admissions and living near operational coke works in England and Wales. Trends of a higher risk of hospital admission for respiratory disease and asthma among children with proximity to the Teesside plant require further investigation.  (+info)

Biological monitoring the exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of coke oven workers in relation to smoking and genetic polymorphisms for GSTM1 and GSTT1. (3/68)

Occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Human exposure is often demonstrated by increased internal levels of PAH metabolites and of markers for early biological effects, like DNA adducts and cytogenetic aberrations. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether the current exposure to PAH of coke oven workers in a Dutch plant induced biological effects, and to determine if these effects are influenced by tobacco smoking and by genetic polymorphisms for the glutathione S-transferase genes GSTM1 and GSTT1. METHODS: Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHpyr) levels were used to monitor the internal dose, while the internal effective dose was assessed by monitoring PAH-DNA adducts, DNA strand breaks (Comet assay), sister-chromatid exchanges (SCE) and cells with a high frequency of SCE (HFC) in lymphocytes together with micronuclei (MN) in exfoliated urothelial cells. RESULTS: Occupational exposure to PAH resulted in statistically significant increased 1-OHpyr levels (P<0.001), but it did not cause a significant induction of SCE, HFC, MN, DNA strand breaks or DNA adducts. Smoking caused a significant increase of 1-OHpyr (P<0.05), SCE (P<0.001), HFC (P<0.001) and DNA adducts (P<0.05), but not of MN or DNA strand breaks. Following correction for the smoking-related effects, no occupational induction of the effect biomarkers could be discerned. Multi-variate analysis did not show a significant influence of GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms on any biomarker. Also no significant interactions were observed between the various biomarkers. CONCLUSION: This study shows that in the examined plant, the occupational exposure to PAH does not result in measurable early biological effects  (+info)

Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene in coke oven workers relative to exposure, alcohol consumption, and metabolic enzymes. (4/68)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of personal lifestyle--such as smoking and alcohol consumption-on urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) concentrations in coke oven workers exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and to evaluate the association of 1-OHP concentrations with the genetic polymorphism of several metabolic enzymes including cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 1A1 and glutathione S-tranferases (GSTs). METHODS: The study population contained 162 coke oven workers and 58 controls employed at the largest iron and steel factory in China. Personal data were collected at the interview. 1-OHP in urine was measured with high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Genetic polymorphisms were identified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. RESULTS: A positive association between excretion of urinary 1-OHP and the levels of exposure to PAHs was confirmed. Those people who consumed >or=50 g/day ethanol had significantly higher 1-OHP excretion than did other coke oven workers (p<0.01). No significant difference in urinary 1-OHP was found between smokers and non-smokers, in both controls and exposed subjects. The variant homozygotes at exon 7 of the CYP1A1 gene had significantly higher urinary 1-OHP concentrations than other CYP1A1 genotypes among the exposed workers (p=0.03). There was less association between the concentrations of 1-OHP and the GSTM1, GSTP1, or GSTT1 polymorphism. CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirmed that urinary 1-OHP is a good biomarker for exposure to PAHs. Alcohol consumption affected urinary 1-OHP excretion. The variant genotypes of the CYP1A1 gene may result in the enhancement of PAH metabolites. It is helpful to understand the role of individual susceptibility on metabolism of carcinogens. These findings suggest that the modulating effect of individual lifestyle factors or genetic nature should be considered in future studies on occupational exposure to PAHs and in evaluating the health risk from harmful chemicals.  (+info)

The effect of relevant genotypes on PAH exposure-related biomarkers. (5/68)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in coke oven emissions cause a cancer risk to humans. In a comprehensive biomonitoring study among Estonian coke oven workers, we looked at the effect of genetic polymorphisms in metabolic enzymes on urinary mutagenicity, 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) concentration in urine, and aromatic DNA adducts in white blood cells (WBCs). Coke oven workers were sampled twice (samplings I and II), and controls only once at the time of sampling I. Urinary mutagenicity was measured using the Ames test. CYP1A1, microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH), and glutathione S-transferase (GST) genotypes were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Urinary mutagenicity did not differ between exposed and controls, but those coke oven workers who were smokers had significantly higher (P=0.0002) mutagenic activity in urine than nonsmokers. Urinary mutagenicity was moderately correlated to levels of 1-OHP and aromatic DNA adducts, the P values ranging from 0.0005 to 0.002. Carriers of a variant allele in exon 4 of mEH (Arg139) had elevated urinary mutagenicity (sampling I). In addition, urine mutagenicity of persons with predicted high mEH activity was significantly higher. Smoking habit did not explain the differences observed in urinary mutagenicity between mEH phenotype or genotype subgroups. Variation in exon 3 of mEH (His113) was related to a significantly (P=0.01) higher 1-OHP concentration in exposed workers (sampling II). Workers from sampling I who had an Arg139 variation in mEH had lower levels of adducts in lymphocytes (P=0.01) than others, while airborne benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) and His113 variation affected interactively on adduct levels. Our study shows that a comprehensive assessment of exposure is essential for elucidation of PAH exposure at a workplace. Even at high exposures metabolic polymorphisms seem to have some effect on biomarker levels, and should be assessed in biomonitoring studies.  (+info)

Cross sectional study on lung function of coke oven workers: a lung function surveillance system from 1978 to 1990. (6/68)

AIMS: To determine the association between lung function of coke oven workers and exposure to coke oven emissions. METHODS: Lung function data and detailed work histories for workers in recovery coke ovens of a steelworks were extracted from a lung function surveillance system. Multiple regressions were employed to determine significant predictors for lung function indices. The first sets of lung function tests for 613 new starters were pooled to assess the selection bias. The last sets of lung function tests for 834 subjects with one or more year of coke oven history were pooled to assess determinants of lung function. RESULTS: Selection bias associated with the recruitment process was not observed among the exposure groups. For subjects with a history of one or more years of coke oven work, each year of working in the most exposed "operation" position was associated with reductions in FEV(1) of around 9 ml (p = 0.006, 95% CI: 3 ml to 16 ml) and in FVC of around 12 ml (p = 0.002, 95% CI: 4 ml to 19 ml). Negative effects of smoking on lung function were also observed. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to coke oven emissions was found to be associated with lower FEV(1) and FVC. Effects of work exposure on lung function are similar to those found in other studies.  (+info)

Lymphohaematopoietic system cancer incidence in an urban area near a coke oven plant: an ecological investigation. (7/68)

AIMS: To evaluate the incidence risk of lymphohaematopoietic cancers for the 1986-94 period in Cornigliano, a district of Genoa (Italy), where a coke oven is located a few hundred metres from the residential area. METHODS: The whole of Genoa and one of its 25 districts (Rivarolo) were selected as controls. The trend of risk around the coke oven was evaluated via Stone's method, while the geographic pattern of such risks across the Cornigliano district was evaluated by computing full Bayes estimates of standardised incidence ratio (FBE-SIR). RESULTS: In males, elevated relative risks (RR) were observed for all lymphohaematopoietic cancers (RR 1.7 v Rivarolo and 1.6 v Genoa), for NHL (RR 2.4 v Rivarolo and 1.7 v Genoa), and for leukaemia (RR 2.4 v Rivarolo and 1.9 v Genoa). In females, statistically non-significant RR were observed. In males no excess of risk was found close to the coke oven. In females, a rising risk for NHL was observed approaching the plant, although statistical significance was not reached, while the risk for leukaemia was not evaluable due to the small number of cases. Analysis of the geographic pattern of risk suggested the presence of a cluster of NHL in both sexes in the eastern part of the district, where a foundry had been operational until the early 1980s. A cluster of leukaemia cases was observed in males in a northern part of the area, where no major sources of benzene seemed to be present. CONCLUSIONS: The estimated risks seem to be slightly or not at all related to the distance from the coke oven. The statistically significant higher risks observed in males for NHL and leukaemia, and the clusters of leukaemia in males and of NHL in both sexes deserve further investigations in order to trace the exposures associated with such risks.  (+info)

Association of HSP70 and genotoxic damage in lymphocytes of workers exposed to coke-oven emission. (8/68)

Heat shock proteins (Hsps) have been reported to protect cells, tissues, and organisms against damage from a wide variety of stressful stimuli. Whether they protect against deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage in individuals exposed to environmental stresses and chemical carcinogens is unknown. In the study, we investigated the association between Hsp70 levels (the most abundant mammalian Hsp) and genotoxic damage in lymphocytes of workers exposed to coke-oven emission using Western dot blot and 2 DNA damage assays, the comet assay and the micronucleus test. The data show that there is a significant increase in Hsp70 levels, DNA damage score, and micronucleus rates in lymphocytes of workers exposed to coke-oven emission as compared with the control subjects. Furthermore, there was a significant negative correlation of Hsp70 levels with DNA damage scores in the comet assay (r = -0.663, P < 0.01) and with micronucleus rates (r = -0.461, P < 0.01) in the exposed group. In the control group, there was also a light negative correlation between Hsp70 with DNA damage and micronuclei rate (r = -0.236 and r = 0.242, respectively), but it did not reach a statistically significant level (P > 0.05). Our results show that individuals who had high Hsp70 levels generally showed lower genotoxic damage than others. These results suggest a role of Hsp70 in the protection of DNA from genotoxic damage induced by coke-oven emission.  (+info)

'Coke' is a term that can have different meanings depending on the context. In the medical field, coke most commonly refers to a solid form of carbon or a type of char produced by heating coal or other organic materials in the absence of air. This form of carbon is relatively pure and low in impurities, making it useful for various industrial applications, including the production of steel and aluminum.

However, 'coke' can also refer to a street name for cocaine, which is a highly addictive stimulant drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant. It is important to note that this usage of the term 'coke' is more commonly associated with illicit drug use and addiction rather than medical terminology.

Therefore, when using the term 'coke' in a medical context, it is essential to clarify its meaning to avoid any confusion or misunderstandings.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Pyrenes" is not a medical term. It is a term used in chemistry and materials science, referring to a type of aromatic hydrocarbon molecule that consists of two benzene rings fused together. If you have a different term or concept in mind, please provide it so I can give you an accurate definition or information.

Medical definitions typically focus on the relevance of a term to medicine or healthcare, so here's a medical perspective on polycyclic compounds:

Polycyclic compounds are organic substances that contain two or more chemical rings in their structure. While not all polycyclic compounds are relevant to medicine, some can have significant medical implications. For instance, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a type of polycyclic compound that can be found in tobacco smoke and certain types of air pollution. PAHs have been linked to an increased risk of cancer, particularly lung cancer, due to their ability to damage DNA.

Another example is the class of drugs called steroids, which include hormones like cortisol and sex hormones like testosterone and estrogen. These compounds are polycyclic because they contain several interconnected rings in their structure. Steroid medications are used to treat a variety of medical conditions, including inflammation, asthma, and Addison's disease.

In summary, while not all polycyclic compounds are relevant to medicine, some can have important medical implications, either as harmful environmental pollutants or as useful therapeutic agents.

I apologize for any confusion, but "coal" is not a medical term. Coal is a black or brownish-black sedimentary rock that is formed from the accumulation and preservation of plant materials, usually in a swamp environment. It is commonly used as a fuel source due to its high carbon content. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help answer them.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of organic compounds characterized by the presence of two or more fused benzene rings. They are called "polycyclic" because they contain multiple cyclic structures, and "aromatic" because these structures contain alternating double bonds that give them distinctive chemical properties and a characteristic smell.

PAHs can be produced from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Natural sources include wildfires, volcanic eruptions, and the decomposition of organic matter. Anthropogenic sources include the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and gasoline, as well as tobacco smoke, grilled foods, and certain industrial processes.

PAHs are known to be environmental pollutants and can have harmful effects on human health. They have been linked to an increased risk of cancer, particularly lung, skin, and bladder cancers, as well as reproductive and developmental toxicity. PAHs can also cause skin irritation, respiratory problems, and damage to the immune system.

PAHs are found in a variety of environmental media, including air, water, soil, and food. They can accumulate in the food chain, particularly in fatty tissues, and have been detected in a wide range of foods, including meat, fish, dairy products, and vegetables. Exposure to PAHs can occur through inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact.

It is important to limit exposure to PAHs by avoiding tobacco smoke, reducing consumption of grilled and smoked foods, using ventilation when cooking, and following safety guidelines when working with industrial processes that produce PAHs.

The Extraction and Processing Industry, also known as the extraction industry or the mining sector, is a major category of businesses and economic activities involved in the removal of minerals and other natural resources from the earth. This industry includes several types of extraction operations, such as:

1. Oil and gas extraction: This involves the exploration, drilling, and pumping of crude oil and natural gas from underground reservoirs.
2. Mining: This includes the extraction of various minerals like coal, iron ore, copper, gold, silver, and other metals and non-metallic minerals. There are different methods used for mining, such as surface mining (open-pit or strip mining) and underground mining.
3. Support activities for mining: This category includes services and supplies needed for the extraction of minerals, like drilling, exploration, and mining support services.

After the extraction process, these raw materials undergo further processing to transform them into usable forms, such as refining crude oil into various petroleum products or smelting metals for manufacturing purposes. This processing stage is often included in the definition of the Extraction and Processing Industry.

The medical definition of this industry may not be explicitly stated; however, it indirectly impacts public health and the environment. For instance, mining activities can lead to air and water pollution, exposure to harmful substances, and increased risk of accidents and injuries for workers. Therefore, understanding the Extraction and Processing Industry is essential in addressing potential health hazards associated with these operations.

Aromatic hydrocarbons, also known as aromatic compounds or arenes, are a class of organic compounds characterized by a planar ring structure with delocalized electrons that give them unique chemical properties. The term "aromatic" was originally used to describe their distinctive odors, but it now refers to their characteristic molecular structure and stability.

Aromatic hydrocarbons contain one or more benzene rings, which are cyclic structures consisting of six carbon atoms arranged in a planar hexagonal shape. Each carbon atom in the benzene ring is bonded to two other carbon atoms and one hydrogen atom, forming alternating double and single bonds between the carbon atoms. However, the delocalized electrons in the benzene ring are evenly distributed around the ring, leading to a unique electronic structure that imparts stability and distinctive chemical properties to aromatic hydrocarbons.

Examples of aromatic hydrocarbons include benzene, toluene, xylene, and naphthalene. These compounds have important uses in industry, but they can also pose health risks if not handled properly. Exposure to high levels of aromatic hydrocarbons has been linked to various health effects, including cancer, neurological damage, and respiratory problems.

Occupational exposure refers to the contact of an individual with potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents as a result of their job or occupation. This can include exposure to hazardous substances such as chemicals, heavy metals, or dusts; physical agents such as noise, radiation, or ergonomic stressors; and biological agents such as viruses, bacteria, or fungi.

Occupational exposure can occur through various routes, including inhalation, skin contact, ingestion, or injection. Prolonged or repeated exposure to these hazards can increase the risk of developing acute or chronic health conditions, such as respiratory diseases, skin disorders, neurological damage, or cancer.

Employers have a legal and ethical responsibility to minimize occupational exposures through the implementation of appropriate control measures, including engineering controls, administrative controls, personal protective equipment, and training programs. Regular monitoring and surveillance of workers' health can also help identify and prevent potential health hazards in the workplace.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "steel" is not a medical term. It is a term used to describe an alloy made primarily of iron and carbon. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "metallurgy" is not a term that has a medical definition. Metallurgy is a branch of materials science that deals with the properties, physical and chemical behavior, and production of metals. It involves studying the techniques and processes used to isolate, alloy, and fabricate various types of metal products. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you!

Occupational air pollutants refer to harmful substances present in the air in workplaces or occupational settings. These pollutants can include dusts, gases, fumes, vapors, or mists that are produced by industrial processes, chemical reactions, or other sources. Examples of occupational air pollutants include:

1. Respirable crystalline silica: A common mineral found in sand, stone, and concrete that can cause lung disease and cancer when inhaled in high concentrations.
2. Asbestos: A naturally occurring mineral fiber that was widely used in construction materials and industrial applications until the 1970s. Exposure to asbestos fibers can cause lung diseases such as asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma.
3. Welding fumes: Fumes generated during welding processes can contain harmful metals such as manganese, chromium, and nickel that can cause neurological damage and respiratory problems.
4. Isocyanates: Chemicals used in the production of foam insulation, spray-on coatings, and other industrial applications that can cause asthma and other respiratory symptoms.
5. Coal dust: Fine particles generated during coal mining, transportation, and handling that can cause lung disease and other health problems.
6. Diesel exhaust: Emissions from diesel engines that contain harmful particulates and gases that can cause respiratory and cardiovascular problems.

Occupational air pollutants are regulated by various government agencies, including the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in the United States, to protect workers from exposure and minimize health risks.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Industry" is a general term that refers to a specific branch of economic activity, or a particular way of producing goods or services. It is not a medical term with a defined meaning within the field of medicine.

However, if you are referring to the term "industrious," which can be used to describe someone who is diligent and hard-working, it could be applied in a medical context to describe a patient's level of engagement and effort in their own care. For example, a patient who is conscientious about taking their medications as prescribed, following through with recommended treatments, and making necessary lifestyle changes to manage their condition might be described as "industrious" by their healthcare provider.

Carcinogens are agents that can cause cancer. According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), environmental carcinogens refer to "cancer-causing agents that people encounter in their daily lives, including substances or exposures in air, water, food, and in the workplace." These carcinogens can increase the risk of cancer by damaging DNA or interfering with cellular processes that control growth.

Examples of environmental carcinogens include:

* Air pollution: Certain pollutants in the air, such as diesel exhaust particles and secondhand smoke, have been linked to an increased risk of lung cancer.
* Radon: A naturally occurring radioactive gas that can accumulate in homes and other buildings, radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States.
* UV radiation: Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds can lead to skin cancer.
* Certain chemicals: Some chemicals found in the workplace or in consumer products, such as asbestos, benzene, and vinyl chloride, have been linked to an increased risk of cancer.
* Infectious agents: Certain viruses, bacteria, and parasites can increase the risk of cancer. For example, human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major cause of cervical cancer, and hepatitis B and C viruses are leading causes of liver cancer.

It's important to note that exposure to environmental carcinogens does not guarantee that a person will develop cancer. The risk depends on many factors, including the level and duration of exposure, as well as individual susceptibility. However, reducing exposure to these agents can help reduce the overall risk of cancer.

Benzene is a colorless, flammable liquid with a sweet odor. It has the molecular formula C6H6 and is composed of six carbon atoms arranged in a ring, bonded to six hydrogen atoms. Benzene is an important industrial solvent and is used as a starting material in the production of various chemicals, including plastics, rubber, resins, and dyes. It is also a natural component of crude oil and gasoline.

In terms of medical relevance, benzene is classified as a human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene can cause various health effects, including anemia, leukemia, and other blood disorders. Occupational exposure to benzene is regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to protect workers from potential health hazards.

It's important to note that while benzene has legitimate uses in industry, it should be handled with care due to its known health risks. Exposure to benzene can occur through inhalation, skin contact, or accidental ingestion, so appropriate safety measures must be taken when handling this chemical.

Respiratory tract neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors that occur in the respiratory system, which includes the nose, throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), windpipe (trachea), bronchi, and lungs. These growths can be benign or malignant (cancerous). Malignant neoplasms are cancerous tumors that can invade nearby tissues, spread to other parts of the body, and interfere with normal respiratory function, leading to serious health consequences.

Respiratory tract neoplasms can have various causes, including genetic factors, exposure to environmental carcinogens such as tobacco smoke, asbestos, and radon, and certain viral infections. Symptoms of respiratory tract neoplasms may include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest pain, hoarseness, or blood in the sputum. Diagnosis typically involves imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or PET scans, as well as biopsies to determine the type and extent of the tumor. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these approaches.

Coal tar is a thick, dark liquid that is a byproduct of coal manufacturing processes, specifically the distillation of coal at high temperatures. It is a complex mixture of hundreds of different compounds, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are known to be carcinogenic.

In medical terms, coal tar has been used topically for various skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, and seborrheic dermatitis due to its anti-inflammatory and keratolytic properties. Coal tar can help reduce scaling, itching, and inflammation of the skin. However, its use is limited due to potential side effects such as skin irritation, increased sun sensitivity, and potential risk of cancer with long-term use. Coal tar products should be used under the guidance of a healthcare provider and according to the instructions on the label.

Look up coke or Coke in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Coke usually refers to: Coca-Cola, a brand of soft drink The Coca-Cola ... 1975 album by Coke Escovedo Coke County, Texas, a county in central Texas, United States COKE (programming language), a FOCAL- ... "coke" Coke (footballer) (b. 1987), real name Jorge Andújar Moreno, Spanish footballer Coke Escovedo (1941-1986), American ... transport aircraft NATO reporting name All pages with titles beginning with Coke All pages with titles containing Coke Coke ...
Coke is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: Coke (footballer) (b. 1987), a Spanish footballer Christopher Coke ... and statesman Richard Coke Jr., a Virginia congressman Richard Toby Coke (born 1954), an English politician Roger Coke a 17th- ... an English politician John Talbot Coke (1841-1912), British Army Major-general and author of a Coke family history Peter Coke ( ... century English writer, and son of Henry Coke Roger Sacheverell Coke (1912-1972) an English composer and pianist Thomas Coke ( ...
... (born 23 August 1971) is a Jamaican sprinter. He was born in St. James, one of the western parishes of Jamaica. ...
Coke was born on 2 October 1854 in the village of Ropsley in Lincolnshire where his father was the local rector. Coke joined ... Coke married Anna Marie Madeleine Fergusson in 1883 and they had one son and a daughter. Coke died at Hughenden, Exmouth, Devon ... Coke served during the Third Anglo-Ashanti War and was present during the attack on Elmina on 13 June 1873, he was awarded the ... After that Coke became Captain, Sheerness Gunnery School in January 1907, Senior Officer on the Coast of Ireland in April 1911 ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coke (footballer). Sevilla official profile Coke at BDFutbol Coke at Futbolme (in ... "Schalkes Heidel: "Kann Coke nicht ins Knie gucken"" [Schalke's Heidel: "I can not look at Coke's knee"] (in German). Goal. 8 ... "Coke moves to Levante UD". Schalke 04. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018. Barea, Víctor (2 July 2018). "Coke, un 'currante' ... "Kreuzband-Verletzung bei Coke!" [Cruciate ligament injury for Coke!]. Bild (in German). 5 August 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2016 ...
... may refer to: James Leslie Coke, associate justice of the Supreme Court of Hawaii Richard Coke, associate justice ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Justice Coke. If an internal link led you here, you may wish ...
Sir John Coke was a Parliamentarian in the English Civil War, while his younger son Thomas Coke was a Royalist. The Coke family ... John Coke was born in Trusley on 5 March 1563, second son of Richard Coke (ca.1540-1582), a prominent Derbyshire lawyer, and ... King Charles ruled without a parliament from 1628 and he found Coke's industry very useful to him. Coke kept his post until ... In 1621 Coke was elected Member of Parliament for Warwick. He was appointed a Master of Requests in 1622 and was knighted in ...
Coke was the son of Sir Edward Coke, Chief Justice, and his wife Bridget Paston, daughter of John Paston of Norwich. In 1614, ... Coke died two months after the dissolution of the last parliament. Coke married Sarah Reddish, daughter of Alexander Reddish of ... Clement Coke (died 24 May 1629) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and ... Coke was elected Member of Parliament for Clitheroe. He was elected MP for Dunwich in 1621. Cooke reportedly assaulted the new ...
The second son of Thomas Coke, 4th Earl of Leicester and Marion Gertrude (née Trefusis), Coke was godson of King Edward VIII of ... When Dahl first arrived as a replacement pilot and met Coke, Coke told him the RAF's situation was "absolutely hopeless." He ... Coke was killed in action by enemy Bf 109s in Acroma, Cyrenaica, Africa on Tuesday 9 December 1941, five days after his twenty- ... Coke joined the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (RAFVR) in June 1939, the summer before war broke out, and attended No. 5 ...
... is a town in Buffalo City in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Station of the Methodist Missionary Society ... "Main Place Mount Coke". Census 2011. v t e (Use dmy dates from April 2022, Articles with short description, Short description ... It was established in 1825 by the Reverend S Kay and named after Thomas Coke, who was the first Methodist Bishop and regarded ...
... (Russian: Бесцветная кока-кола, tr. Bestsvetnaya koka-kola, lit. "colorless Coca-Cola") was a clear variant of Coca- ... The first shipment of White Coke consisted of 50 cases. One unusual consequence for the Coca-Cola Company was a relaxation of ... Coca-Cola Clear Crystal Pepsi O'Callaghan, Tommy (21 October 2018). "White Coke: The capitalist drink Soviet generals couldn't ...
Sir Edward Coke, 1st Baronet (died 1669) Sir Robert Coke, 2nd Baronet (1645-1688) Sir Edward Coke, 3rd Baronet (1648-1727) A ... The Coke baronetcy of Longford, in the County of Derby was created in the Baronetage of England on 30 December 1641 for Edward ... Coke served as high sheriff of Derbyshire in 1646. His son the second Baronet was Member of Parliament for Derbyshire in 1685. ... He was the grandson of Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief Justice. His father Clement, youngest son of Sir Edward, acquired by ...
Raw coke is an equivalent term to green coke although it is now less frequently used. The proportion of volatile matter of ... Green coke (raw coke) is the primary solid carbonization product from high boiling hydrocarbon fractions obtained at ... Coker unit Delayed coker Petroleum coke Coke (fuel) IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology 2nd Edition (1997) v t e v t e ( ... is in the case of green coke between 4 and 15 wt.%, but it depends also on the heating rate. ...
Alexander Seton Coke (born November 13, 1953, in Dallas, Texas) is a jazz saxophonist and flutist. Coke was born in Dallas on ... Coke and his wife, Mary Yznaga, lived in Washington, D.C., in the early 1980s. This was followed by two years in Europe, after ... Coke toured with the Dutch jazz ensemble the Willem Breuker Kollektief between 1990 and 2000. In the late 1990s, he lived in ... In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, Coke reported on how he was continuing as a musician: "First Presbyterian Church where I ...
Coke was born in Southend-on-Sea in Essex in 1897, where her father was a tea exporter. When she was seventeen, Coke entered ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dorothy Coke. 1 artwork by or after Dorothy Coke at the Art UK site Works in the IWM ... Coke was also an art teacher and as an artist was known for her watercolours, which have a very free, open-air quality to them ... Dorothy Josephine Coke (11 April 1897 - 1979) was an English artist notable for her work as a war artist on the British home ...
... had over 700,000 tracks as of January 1, 2006. Coke Tunes uses Microsoft's DRM and Windows Media Audio 9.1. Coke ... Coke Tunes Coke Fridge Coke.co.nz (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Orphaned articles from ... Coke Tunes was an online music store in New Zealand run by the Coca-Cola Amatil. ...
During which, the two had recorded eight tracks together which culminated in the Coke Zoo mixtape, a play on French's "Coke ... Coke Zoo is a collaborative mixtape by American hip hop recording artists French Montana and Fetty Wap. The mixtape was ... Coke Zoo received average reviews from music critics. Sheldon Pearce of Pitchfork praised the chemistry between the two rappers ... On October 9, French Montana's brother Cokeboy Zack appeared on Revolt TV announcing the release of the mixtape Coke Zoo, a ...
The surname "Coke", or "Cocke", can be traced back to a William Coke in the hundred of South Greenhoe, now the Norfolk town of ... Coke's uncle Thomas Gawdy had served as Steward to the Third Duke of Norfolk, and during the 1580s Coke was employed by the ... Coke's final years with Frances devotedly by his side were very happy and peaceful ones for them both. Coke is best known for ... Coke himself reacted by sinking into a deep depression. James I then ordered Coke to spend his time "expunging and retracting ...
Sir William Coke (1776 - 1 September 1818) was a Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon as well as acting as Provisional ... Coke died of dysentery when in Trincomalee for a Criminal Session. Amerasinghe, A. Ranjit B (1986), The Supreme Court of Sri ... Coke arrived in Ceylon on 15 September 1808. He was appointed on 5 September 1808, succeeding James Dunkin, and held the office ... Coke, Sir William (c 1776-1818) Knight Chief Justice of Ceylon (Attorneys General of British Ceylon, Puisne Justices of the ...
Here's Why Mexican Coke Tastes Better Than American Coke by Chloë NannestadChloë Nannestad on The Reader's Diggest, Jun. 28, ... Mexican Coke was first sold at grocers who served Latino clientele, but as its popularity grew among non-Latinos, by 2009 ... In the United States, Mexican Coca-Cola, or Mexican Coke (Spanish: Coca Cola de Vidrio, English: Glass Coca-Cola, or Coca-Cola ... In a tasting conducted by a local Westchester, New York magazine, some tasters noted that the Mexican Coke had "a more complex ...
Coke earned a $2.25 million salary upon making the team. Coke had a 6.30 ERA in 16 appearances, allowing left-handed batters to ... In August 2018, Coke underwent Tommy John surgery. Coke throws mainly four-seam and two-seam fastballs. His four-seamer is ... Coke finished the 2012 postseason allowing one run in 10+2⁄3 innings (0.84 ERA) and striking out 13 batters. Coke struggled ... "Phil Coke PitchFX at FanGraphs.com". Fangraphs. Retrieved August 25, 2014. "Bobbie Brough & Phil Coke". TheKnot.com. TKWW ...
... was an Anglican clergyman. Coke was born in Trusley and educated at St John's College, Cambridge. He was ...
Coke scored a goal in the eventual 3-9 defeat. In June 2017 Coke signed for fellow Bermudian club Dandy Town Hornets. Coke was ... Caribbean Football Database profile Ian Coke at Soccerway Ian Coke at National-Football-Teams.com v t e (All articles with dead ... Coke has played for Hamilton Parish. He has also played for the Devonshire Colts. He won the Young Player of the Year Award for ... Coke has also played in the Island Soccer League and was selected as a member of the league's all-star team which competed ...
Alban - No Coke" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. "Dr. Alban - No Coke" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Nyman, Jake (2005). Suomi soi 4 ... Alban - No Coke" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. "Dr. Alban - No Coke". VG-lista. "Top 10 Sales in Europe" (PDF). Music & Media. ... Alban - No Coke". Singles Top 100. "Dr. Alban - No Coke". Swiss Singles Chart. "Top 60 Dance Singles" (PDF). Music Week. 1991- ... Additionally, "No Coke" was a top 20 hit in Finland and Italy, and a top 30 hit in Belgium. It didn't chart on the UK Singles ...
Rockn Coke 2009 was held 17,18 and 19 July 2009 at its new venue Istanbul Park. First Day 18. The Prodigy Nine Inch Nails Duman ... Rock'n Coke was the biggest open Turkish rock festival sponsored by Coca-Cola. It was traditionally held at the Hezarfen ... Rock'n Coke is a member of the European Festivals Association. The festival was organized by the Turkish concert organizer ... Although mainly rock-oriented, Rock'n Coke also hosts other music genres. While the main stage was generally reserved for rock ...
On September 11, 1951, an Egyptian newspaper, al-Ahram, published a fatwa ruled by mufti Hasanayn al-Makhluf on whether or not the consumption of the soft drinks Coca-Cola and Pepsi were allowed under Islamic law. The premise of the case was due to rumors and conspiracies spreading among the public, such as the Coca-Cola logo, when reflected in a mirror, spelling out "No Mohammed no Mecca" in Arabic. In order to get an accurate answer on whether or not Pepsi and Coca-Cola were prohibited by Islamic law, the Egyptian Department of Fatwas asked the Ministry of Public Health to ascertain the composition of the two sodas. On August 25, 1951, the Ministry of Public Health found that neither Pepsi-Cola nor Coca-Cola contained any narcotics, alcohol, or pepsin. The use of narcotics and the consumption of alcohol are both prohibited (haram) under Islamic law. Pepsin is created from the membrane of pig stomachs, and any product coming from a pig is not permitted under Muslim Sharia law. The Ministry of ...
"Information of the Coke Kahani". BeingPakistani.com. 31 October 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2013. Coke Kahani on Facebook ( ... Coke Kahani (Urdu: کوک کہانی) is a 2012 Pakistani comedy drama sitcom directed by Mehreen Jabbar broadcasting on Broadcast ...
According to the Handbook of Texas, Coke had a population of 105 in 2000. The area in what is known as Coke today was first ... "Coke, TX". tshaonline.org. Retrieved June 8, 2023. "Coke, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved June 8, 2023. (Use ... Coke is located at the intersection of Farm to Market Roads 515 and 69, 10 mi (16 km) north of Quitman and 9 mi (14 km) west of ... The first teacher came to Coke in 1892. It then had a school in the 1930s, which was still in operation in 1960 and 1988. Today ...
Since his debut, Coke quickly made an impact and insists he was not a "next Bradley Johnson." Coke scored his first goal for ... Coke made his debut for Bury in a 4-0 loss against Sheffield United on 3 September 2011. On 1 October 2011, Coke scored his ... Coke signed for Sheffield Wednesday under freedom of contract in July 2010. Coke made his debut for Sheffield Wednesday in a 2- ... "Ipswich Town: Giles Coke and Larsen Toure sign for Suffolk club". BBC Sport. 3 August 2015. Douglas, Best and Coke among ...
Coke County in West Texas is named for him. Texas Governor Coke Stevenson was named after Richard Coke. Biography of Richard ... Richard Coke was born in 1829 in Williamsburg, Virginia, to John and Eliza (Hankins) Coke. Octavius Coke was his brother. He ... Coke was not a candidate for reelection in 1894. Coke retired to his home in Waco and his nearby farm. He became ill after ... "Richard Coke (id: C000601)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Richard Coke at Find a Grave Habeas writs ...
Look up coke or Coke in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Coke usually refers to: Coca-Cola, a brand of soft drink The Coca-Cola ... 1975 album by Coke Escovedo Coke County, Texas, a county in central Texas, United States COKE (programming language), a FOCAL- ... "coke" Coke (footballer) (b. 1987), real name Jorge Andújar Moreno, Spanish footballer Coke Escovedo (1941-1986), American ... transport aircraft NATO reporting name All pages with titles beginning with Coke All pages with titles containing Coke Coke ...
Coke is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: Coke (footballer) (b. 1987), a Spanish footballer Christopher Coke ... and statesman Richard Coke Jr., a Virginia congressman Richard Toby Coke (born 1954), an English politician Roger Coke a 17th- ... an English politician John Talbot Coke (1841-1912), British Army Major-general and author of a Coke family history Peter Coke ( ... century English writer, and son of Henry Coke Roger Sacheverell Coke (1912-1972) an English composer and pianist Thomas Coke ( ...
According to Herc, Coke La Rocks MC name had various iterations, beginning as "A-1 Coke," and then moving on to "Nasty Coke" ... With Coke La Rock, Kool Herc, and then Bam Coke La Rock had no association with, nor relation to, KRS-Ones DJ at the time, ... before it was finalized as "Coke La Rock".[7][8] Coke La Rock joined Kool Herc for his first party, in 1973, to celebrate ... Coke La Rock (aka Coco La Rock; born April 24, 1955) is an old-school rapper from New York City who is sometimes credited as ...
DRUG smugglers beware: police can now find out where a shipment of cocaine comes from. James Ehleringer of the University of Utah and his colleagues have shown that they can match samples of cocaine to their country of origin with over 90 per cent accuracy. They look at the carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios, which …
Coke is a special form of carbon usually produced from coal. The name probably derives from the fact that it involves a kind of ... Why is coke and not coal added to the blast furnace?. Coke contains more carbon than coal and hence coke produces more heat ... Why is coke and not coal added to the blast furnace?. Coke contains more carbon than coal and hence coke produces more heat ... Is petroleum coke the same as carbon blank?. No, Petroleum coke is not same as carbon black because carbon black is the product ...
Cherry Coke Example. Cherry Coke Character Map. Added on Monday, April 23, 2001 34,262 downloads Designed by Future Fonts ... Download Cherry Coke Font. Download Cherry Coke - 34,262 downloads Designed by Future Fonts Brandname Freaky Fun Stylish All ...
Case 2.4 Coke and Pepsi Learn to Compete in India BRIEF SUMMARY OF CASE CONTENT: This is a detailed and comprehensive case ... Coke vs. Pepsi Essay. The company known as Coca-Cola today was started in September of 1919, but the first Coke brand was ... Case 2.4 Coke and Pepsi Learn to Compete in India BRIEF SUMMARY OF CASE CONTENT: This is a detailed and comprehensive case ... Cokes plan has always been developed with the future in mind. Right away the company realized that it was more profitable to ...
Late Night Snark: Mid-2008 Flashback With the late-night shows on hiatus during the writers strike (Boooo, evil studio heads. Booooo!!!), C&J pries open the time capsule circa 15 years ago, when the Democratic primary was winding down, the economy was...
Coke executives have not said how much they have spent on sponsorships or Games-related ads, but IEG, a Chicago firm that ... Coke officials said they remained committed to the Games. We continue to believe in the Olympic ideals, Mr Tressler said. We ... For Coke the Beijing Olympics presents an opportunity to build its brand among Chinas 1.3 billion people, while attaching its ... Cokes operations for the Beijing Games are not greatly different to previous games, but the scope was broader than ever ...
Diet Coke Always on).,br>\r\n,/p>\r\n,p>5. Entry is only valid via the Coke App (Diet Coke Always on).,/p>\r\n,p>6. Maximum 100 ... Entrants will be required to login or create an account in the Coke App (Diet Coke always on) providing their full name, D.O.B ... Entrants will be required to login or create an account in the Coke App (Diet Coke always on) providing their full name, D.O.B ... 5. Entry is only valid via the Coke App (Diet Coke Always on). ... receipt in the Diet Coke always on promotion in the Coke App. ...
Of the remarks mentioned by PRNewsers Joe Ciarallo in this write-up, our favorite was that Skittles, Coke and Starbucks have ...
The near theft of a new Coke product has the company re-evaluating its security, including safeguards for protecting trade ... When Coke several years ago came out with Vanilla Coke, they wanted that to be ahead of everybody else doing a vanilla cola. So ... In the Coke espionage case, Joya Williams is accused of stealing confidential documents and a sample of a new Coke product from ... Although it wasnt locked up like the recipe for Coca-Cola Classic, the near theft of a new Coke product has the company re- ...
The coke machine in college takes 50 pence pieces. It also takes a certain foreign coin of traditional design... ... The coke machine in college takes 50 pence pieces. It also takes a certain (circular) foreign coin of traditional design. ...
The PNE is a non-profit and statutory organization dedicated to delivering memorable experiences to guests and investing in the social fabric of our community.. ...
In her initial days of high school, Hedge Coke dropped out and went to work sharecropping tobacco, working fields and waters to ... Allison Adelle Hedge Coke was born in Amarillo, Texas, on August 4, 1958, and grew up in North Carolina, Canada, and on the ... Allison Adelle Hedge Coke was born in Amarillo, Texas, on August 4, 1958, and grew up in North Carolina, Canada, and on the ... Hedge Coke moved to Tennessee and then California, where she participated in retraining for former field workers, studied ...
My vices are cigarettes and coke a cola! But, am going to have to limit my coke as I found out that my Cholesterol was high. I ... I was addicted to Coke and was fat...after I stopped drinking coke I lost like 20 pounds automatically less sugar means less ... Southern Comfort - If you want it mixed, should you drink it with coke or lemonade?I prefer coke, but always get asked Dont ... must people ask for coke The bottler claims everything goes better with Coke ...
How stupid does Coke think its consumers are? Ask yourself and Coke why the company continues to lie about its rodeo ... Amazingly, Coke blames its own bottlers. Coke claims the bottlers are able to do their own independent advertising without ... Contact Coke on their web form by clicking here.. Email Coca-Colas Corporate Responsibility Review directly at: This email ... Back when Coke still addressed their sponsorship of rodeo animal abuse, they had the abusers themselves write a letter saying ...
Yesterday, I commented on Advertising Ages 2008 Super Bowl ad coverage that included neuromarketing firm Sands Research and their EEG-based ad analysis (see Your Brain on Super Bowl Ads.) Sands has actually published a ranking of ...
Black Eyed Peas frontman Will.i.am is partnering with Coke and W Hotels on a line of bed sheets made from old Coke bottles. ... So he pitched Coke with an idea to market recycled plastic to other firms that wanted to green their products. Coke bit, and ... So the Black Eyed Peas frontman has partnered with Coke (KO) and W Hotels on a line of bedding made with at least 30% recycled ... Will.i.am is partnering with Coke and W Hotels on a line of bed sheets partially made from old plastic bottles.. ...
I would like to ask everyone to consider what life would be like without coffee. It was done before we can do it again. Enough said.
RENNES (FRANCE) - French authorities warned Friday about narco-tourism on northern Channel beaches after news of more than two tonnes of cocaine washing ashore drew dozens of beachcombers, some equipped with quad bikes.
I sit down in a restaurant, and when the server comes to take the drink order, Ill say, "Coke Zero, please." Odds are, the ... server will reply, "Is Diet Coke OK?" or "Is Diet Pepsi OK?" Ive never seen someone order a steak and have the server say, "Is ...
Decrease quantity for The Coke Machine iPhone Skin Increase quantity for The Coke Machine iPhone Skin ...
Coke brings Australia to Scandinavia. A very rich (and nice) website by Emerge Wunderman for Coca Cola Zero. The Zero is More ... Gee - Im not sure what else to say... Im amazed that coke went for it! ...
If this catches on, you might be wearing that plastic Coke bottle you tossed in the trash a few months back. ... Teens Speak, Coke Fashions, McDonalds Mobilizes. - Scarborough Research is expanding its consumer and media research services ... If this catches on, you might be wearing that plastic Coke bottle you tossed in the trash a few months back. ...
Order cherry coke zero online for pickup or delivery. Find ingredients, recipes, coupons and more. ... Find cherry coke zero at a store near you. ... Diet Coke® Zero Sugar Soda Mini Cans. 6 pk / 7.5 fl oz ...
... directions and info on Birthplace of the Coke Bottle Mural in Terre Haute, Indiana. ... Birthplace of the Coke Bottle On the outside wall of the Vigo County Historical Museum there is a giant mural proclaiming Terre ... Terre Haute, Indiana: Birthplace of the Coke Bottle Mural. Giant outdoor mural on the county museum lets everyone know you were ... Visitor Tips and News About Birthplace of the Coke Bottle Mural. Reports and tips from RoadsideAmerica.com visitors and ...
Also, under the TV spot embed, weve got the international Avatar trailer and the very silly little Coke Zero commercial that ... Excepting all the CGI-heavy effects, the Coke commercial looks like it was made around the time Cameron last directed a non- ... Avatar: New TV Spot, Coke Commercial And Japanese Trailer. #pc9712748ea0423483c85ed42052c1337 { min-height: 284px; height: auto ...
Coke Suspect Needs To Work On His Excuses Floridian denied owning drugs found in his shoe. ...
  • Case 2.4 Coke and Pepsi Learn to Compete in India BRIEF SUMMARY OF CASE CONTENT: This is a detailed and comprehensive case describing the market entry of two global consumer product companies, PepsiCo and Coca-Cola Corporation into a Big Emerging Market (BEM), India. (bartleby.com)
  • A survey this year by the Shanghai consulting firm China Market Research Group found that more urban Chinese thought Pepsi - not Coke - was an official Olympic sponsor, even though Pepsi is not sponsoring the event. (smh.com.au)
  • By the end of 1985, the original Coca-Cola version outsold both New Coke and Pepsi. (cnbc.com)
  • Smartphone Giving: 'Coke or Pepsi? (umc.org)
  • Smartphone Giving, Part 2: 'Coke or Pepsi? (umc.org)
  • In the cold beverage world, there are two great superpowers, Coke and Pepsi. (consumeraffairs.com)
  • So why is aspartame/NutraSweet/Equal/Diet Coke/Diet Pepsi/etc. on the market and in thousands of foods? (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Coke is a special form of carbon usually produced from coal. (answers.com)
  • Mill Creek Coal and Coke Co.. . John Cooper s mine in Cooper section of Bramwell shipped 1st coal from W. Virginia s valuable Pocahontas Coalfield over N&WRR on 4 Nov. 1884. (hmdb.org)
  • The Philadelphia financed Flat Top Coal Land Assoc., later Pocahontas Coal and Coke, became the coalfield s largest landholder. (hmdb.org)
  • The words "Mill Creek Coal & Coke Co. 1924" are still visible at the top of the building, which is in sight of the marker on Coopers Road. (hmdb.org)
  • This bar chart illustrates the value of total exports of coal, coke and briquettes from the United Kingdom, annually between 2010 and 2017. (statista.com)
  • In 2017, the total value of coal, coke and briquettes exported reached 98 million U.S. dollars. (statista.com)
  • CuO@Lignite activated coke activated persulfate advanced treatment of phenolic wastewater from coal chemical industry. (bvsalud.org)
  • After bench scale tests indicated good coking qualities for the "cleaned" coal, three 50-pound coking tests were conducted. (cdc.gov)
  • Coke from the unblended coal was strong and seemed of foundry quality. (cdc.gov)
  • Using 30 percent of Castle Mountain as a blending coal with a Utah base coal produced a coke with reasonably good characterisitcs. (cdc.gov)
  • Workers at coal-tar produc- pyrene, is classified as carcino- sene, 3-methylchrysene, 4-methyl- tion plants, coking plants, bitumen genic to humans (Group 1). (who.int)
  • Worker exposures to coke dusts and fertilizers were surveyed on May 13 and November 25 and 26, 1980 at the Port of Sacramento (SIC-9999) in Sacramento, California. (cdc.gov)
  • Coke dust exposures to the track mobile operators were below California OSHA standards of 10 milligrams per cubic meter. (cdc.gov)
  • I'm addicted to Diet Coke and Mentos. (hubpages.com)
  • Viral would have been for Coke to have been smart enough and nimble enough to ride the Diet Coke/Mentos buzz- not make lame PR statements and ignore it. (adrants.com)
  • EepyBird's Diet Coke and Mentos show has been a fan favorite at Maker Faire for years, a delightful experience that is equal parts science lesson and silly spectacle. (makezine.com)
  • In the Coke espionage case, Joya Williams is accused of stealing confidential documents and a sample of a new Coke product from the Atlanta-based beverage giant while working as an administrative assistant to the company's global brand director. (csoonline.com)
  • So why is Coke sponsoring rodeos, in contradiction of the company's policy? (sharkonline.org)
  • After horrible sales results in 2001, Coke decided enough was enough. (beveragedaily.com)
  • In Estonia, he says, "the price is right," and a Coke, Fanta or Bon Aqua from the new machines costs 10 kroons ($0.68), about the same as in a store. (baltictimes.com)
  • I'm addicted to Coke (the soda- silly! (hubpages.com)
  • Inexorably Diet Coke visits a plague of 92 symptoms listed by our FDA on a secret report they'll never show which names diet soda as the first source of aspartame disease. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • On the outside wall of the Vigo County Historical Museum there is a giant mural proclaiming Terre Haute to be the birthplace of the Coke bottle. (roadsideamerica.com)
  • See all the commemorative Coke cans with logos in different languages, download wallpaper with themes from various countries, decorate your own Coke bottle, and more. (blogspot.com)
  • What Coke Is Brewing by Increasing Its Stake in Keurig Coca-Cola has upped its stake in the coffee maker company to 16 percent from 10 percent. (entrepreneur.com)
  • In February, Coca-Cola acquired a 10 percent holding in Keurig and signed a 10-year partnership to sell Coke drinks through an at-home beverage system developed by Keurig. (entrepreneur.com)
  • Keurig will offer Coca-Cola products, from Coke to Powerade, through the KeurigCold system. (entrepreneur.com)
  • Coke from a Keurig? (consumeraffairs.com)
  • Amazingly, Coke blames its own bottlers. (sharkonline.org)
  • Coke claims the bottlers are able to do their own independent advertising without violating Coke's Animal Welfare Policy. (sharkonline.org)
  • Coca-Cola obviously has strict control over its bottlers, and besides, the advertising is being done for Coke, not the local bottling company. (sharkonline.org)
  • Coke began paring the number in the late 1980s during a worldwide consolidation of small bottlers. (beveragedaily.com)
  • In the Coke system, most bottlers are separate operations from Coke, although the beverage company has great sway over them and owns stakes in many. (beveragedaily.com)
  • And Pepsi's then-president, Roger Enrico, went on to mock New Coke, calling it 'the Edsel of the 80s' - in reference to one of Ford's biggest auto blunders . (cnbc.com)
  • Unfortunately, customers threatened boycotts and Coca-Cola's own bottling partners were reluctant to distribute New Coke products. (cnbc.com)
  • For Coke the Beijing Olympics presents an opportunity to build its brand among China's 1.3 billion people, while attaching its name to an event that gets worldwide attention and often transcends the field of play. (smh.com.au)
  • A survey by the Beijing offices of R3 and CSM Media Research found that more than 93 per cent of Chinese had a strong interest in the Olympics and almost half of respondents connected Coke to the Games without being prompted, the highest association of any sponsor. (smh.com.au)
  • If protests kick off in Beijing during the Olympics and people link Coke to a crackdown by the Chinese Government, that would not help them. (smh.com.au)
  • I'm a big fan of the Olympics and yes I also love Coke. (blogspot.com)
  • I love the Olympics and my sister loves Coke, so this is perfect for both of us! (blogspot.com)
  • well i'm a fan of neither coke nor the olympics - but i just glanced at your etsy favorites and instantaneously spent $20 on a photograph. (blogspot.com)
  • Ekocycle is a broader partnership between Will.i.am and Coke to use recycled content in more products. (cnn.com)
  • Coke Studio season 14 episode two dropped Wednesday night with new promising singers, including the up-and-coming hijabi rapper Eva B. (com.pk)
  • Speaking to Coke Studio in a recent interview, the rapper shared how she was instantly attracted to rap songs after listening to a number by Eminem. (com.pk)
  • A literary activist, Hedge Coke works with incarcerated youth, underserved indigenous youth and elders, among others, and founded and directs the annual Honoring the Sandhill Crane Migration Literary Retreat and Festival on the Platte River. (poets.org)
  • Watch as this injured calf is taken away to slaughter right past the giant Coca-Cola truck and decide for yourself if Coke really doesn't sponsor this abuse. (sharkonline.org)
  • Also, under the TV spot embed, we've got the international Avatar trailer and the very silly little Coke Zero commercial that has a bit of new footage. (slashfilm.com)
  • Coke expects to distribute about 26 million beverages through concession stands or provided free to Olympic athletes and officials during the Games. (smh.com.au)
  • Does regular coke have more carbon dioxide than Diet Coke? (answers.com)
  • Retain receipt and scan valid purchase receipt in downloaded Coke App (Diet Coke Always on). (coca-cola.com)
  • Entry is only valid via the Coke App (Diet Coke Always on). (coca-cola.com)
  • being linked to coins, received on the uploading of a valid scanned receipt and gems earned by playing games in the Diet Coke always on promotion in the App Game. (coca-cola.com)
  • To enter into the Diet Coke always on prize draws, you will need to obtain coins through purchase and gather gems available via the online App games. (coca-cola.com)
  • If only they could make one with little to no calories and which won't cause cancer in lab animals (e.g., whatever they put in diet coke). (hubpages.com)
  • Odds are, the server will reply, "Is Diet Coke OK? (umc.org)
  • If you're trying to lose weight, you may find yourself reaching for diet drinks, such as Diet Coke. (mirror.co.uk)
  • Ditch the Diet Coke! (mirror.co.uk)
  • Another reason to ditch Diet Coke! (mirror.co.uk)
  • Turner Network Television will feature seven feature films as part of the Diet Coke Moviefest planned for the network Aug. 1-3. (mediapost.com)
  • The moviefest, developed by TNT, launched April 11 and will continue through Sept. 28, featuring customized diet Coke-branded movie opens and closes, intermissions and tune-in messages produced by TNT On-Air Creative. (mediapost.com)
  • Future Diet Coke Moviefest Weekends will be Sept. 19-21 and Sept. 26-28. (mediapost.com)
  • The photo of a crumpled can of Diet Coke told the story in the Atlanta Journal Constitution, Coke's hometown paper. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Reality is in that twisted Diet coke can. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Diet Coke is poison. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • The poison in Diet Coke is aspartame. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Addictive substances multiply markets, so Diet Coke soared off the sales charts, spreading obesity in its flight. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • Plus, Coke needs to compete with other beverage giants who are pushing to expand its offerings in the realm of "homemade" carbonated drinks. (entrepreneur.com)
  • The versatility of the coke-ice cream combination also means any number of alcoholic drinks can be added, turning the dessert into a cocktail. (morningadvertiser.co.uk)
  • In addition to those sponsorship fees, Coke typically spends three to four times more on Olympic advertising, promotions and tickets for guests, IEG estimates. (smh.com.au)
  • Back when Coke still addressed their sponsorship of rodeo animal abuse, they had the abusers themselves write a letter saying all was fine! (sharkonline.org)
  • So he pitched Coke with an idea to market recycled plastic to other firms that wanted to green their products. (cnn.com)
  • Is a coke can made from carbon steel? (answers.com)
  • Coca-Cola also made a number of New Coke 'limited-edition' offerings available for purchase online and in certain U.S. cities. (cnbc.com)
  • Will.i.am is partnering with Coke and W Hotels on a line of bed sheets partially made from old plastic bottles. (cnn.com)
  • So the Black Eyed Peas frontman has partnered with Coke ( KO ) and W Hotels on a line of bedding made with at least 30% recycled plastic. (cnn.com)
  • Excepting all the CGI-heavy effects, the Coke commercial looks like it was made around the time Cameron last directed a non-documentary feature film. (slashfilm.com)
  • From it came a 22 piece collection made up of vintage, Coke-inspired tees, hoodies embroidered caps, jackets, shorts, and pants that have been reconstructed for a contemporary context. (highsnobiety.com)
  • The sample was shipped to the Bureau of Mines Denver Coloradoal Research Laboratory where studies of its coking properties were made. (cdc.gov)
  • But some experts wonder whether Coke and other sponsors are getting good value for their investments, particularly given controversies over the Games. (smh.com.au)
  • on a serious note, a glass of coke with your meal is good for your digestion, this goes unnoticed because most of us usually drink gallons of it, also if children have a cold or the flu doctors in my country recommend giving them coke instead of milk as long as they have a lot of flem. (hubpages.com)
  • But a few good things did come from the New Coke flop. (cnbc.com)
  • And it's good that Coke is taking responsibility for its bottles. (cnn.com)
  • The company known as Coca-Cola today was started in September of 1919, but the first Coke brand was served as early as 1886. (bartleby.com)
  • Although it wasn't locked up like the recipe for Coca-Cola Classic, the near theft of a new Coke product has the company re-evaluating its security, including safeguards for protecting trade secrets, the Associated Press reports via NJ.com . (csoonline.com)
  • Coca-Cola never revealed how much money it lost from its short-lived New Coke blunder, but The New York Times reported that, in addition to the $4 million it spent on research and marketing, the company lost roughly $30 million due to unsold New Coke inventory. (cnbc.com)
  • Coke Studio India launched its Tamil edition and also released a promo. (hindustantimes.com)
  • The widely popular musical show Coke Studio, which was launched in India in 2011, is going regional with its latest edition. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Coke Studio India launched its Tamil edition. (hindustantimes.com)
  • We present here experimental results on steam stripping and water quenching in a delayed coking pilot unit system with a three inch diameter coke drum. (aiche.org)
  • John Schoeb said he hopes to combine the former Coke plant and the steam plant to work as one business. (nbc29.com)
  • New Nottingham bar Das Kino, which draws inspiration from 1930s Berlin, claims its coke float cocktail - the Sassafras - has quickly become a house favourite. (morningadvertiser.co.uk)
  • That word is aspartame, and their only recourse is denial, denial, denial, though every ad and commercial builds higher the scaffold upon which Coke shall surely hang. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • In November 2010, Coke La Rock was inducted into the High Times Counterculture Hall of Fame [6] at the annual ceremonies at the Cannabis Cup in Amsterdam . (wikipedia.org)
  • During the three-month period surrounding the Games Coke typically sees a bump in sales, and longer-term research shows that brand loyalty rises, Mr Tressler said. (smh.com.au)
  • Still, New Coke was a success because it revitalized the brand and reattached the public to Coke. (cnbc.com)
  • Companies that want to use the Ekocycle brand pay a royalty, which is shared between Coke and Will.i.am. (cnn.com)
  • cutting edge new bands and music to soundtrack the films and re-enforce Coke as a relevant brand to teens. (adrants.com)
  • According to Raul Vahisalu, who heads the Coke machine project at EMT, it would be feasible to set up similar systems of payment for other services, such as parking. (baltictimes.com)
  • Bechtel announced a Heads of Agreement for a worldwide collaboration to facilitate the licensing and marketing of ConocoPhillips' proprietary ThruPlus® delayed coking technology. (bechtel.com)
  • Unlike with most menu items, almost everybody seems to agree on the origin of the coke float. (morningadvertiser.co.uk)
  • The Olive Branch, in Clipsham, Rutland, has a coke float on its kids' menu for £2.95. (morningadvertiser.co.uk)
  • If Coke changes the formula to remove aspartame the world will heal and the surge of hatred and vengeance by the disabled and bereaved shall certainly destroy Coca Cola. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • A model is presented that predicts the coke bed temperature profile over time and thus the optimum quenching conditions. (aiche.org)
  • Of course, this doesn't necessarily mean that people who enjoy a bit of coke with their alcohol are at risk - rather, that suicidal people are more likely to be the ones abusing both at the same time. (dazeddigital.com)
  • In this study, lignite activated coke (LAC) was used as the carrier for the first time , Fe3O4-CuO composite metal oxide was used as the main active material, and the nano-scale magnetic supported composite metal oxide Fe3O4-CuO@LAC catalyst was synthesized for the first time , which can effectively activate the active oxygen in peroxodisulfate (PS). (bvsalud.org)
  • In the 1990s, Coca-Cola rebranded New Coke as 'Coke II,' but then entirely discontinued the drink in 2002. (cnbc.com)
  • As a member of the National Soft Drink Association Coke opposed FDA approval of aspartame for beverages. (life-enthusiast.com)
  • The coke machine in college takes 50 pence pieces. (maths.org)
  • When Coke several years ago came out with Vanilla Coke, they wanted that to be ahead of everybody else doing a vanilla cola. (csoonline.com)
  • Backed by more than 50 years of operating experience, this proprietary process provides safety and environmental advancements, and achieves higher unit throughput, superior liquid yields and improved unit reliability for both grassroots facilities and existing coking units. (bechtel.com)
  • I remember when I was 12 years old, my mother used to deprive me of coke, sweets and fast food. (who.int)
  • The article states anyone could take a Coke product currently on the market and have it tested to see what's in it. (csoonline.com)
  • ConocoPhillips' extensive experience in delayed coking and technology licensing, combined with Bechtel's leadership in engineering and executing delayed coking projects, makes this a natural combination to provide optimized environmental, safety and efficiency benefits to the refining industry, both now and into the future. (bechtel.com)
  • The plan was to create a much closer link in operations between Coke Germany and CCEAG. (beveragedaily.com)
  • Results show the dependence of coke cooling profiles on the coke density and water feed rates. (aiche.org)
  • XRD, FTIR , BET, SEM, XPS and other analysis results showed that there was particulate matter with spherical structure on the surface of the active coke , and its diffraction peaks matched well with the characteristic peaks of Fe3O4 and CuO, and it was a mesoporous structure with a specific surface area of 619.090 m2 g-1. (bvsalud.org)
  • Of the remarks mentioned by PRNewser's Joe Ciarallo in this write-up , our favorite was that Skittles, Coke and Starbucks have the largest fan following on the site. (adweek.com)
  • For more information about the health consultation, community members can call 1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) and reference the Walter Coke, Inc., 35th Avenue Superfund site in North Birmingham. (cdc.gov)
  • There are cancer causing chemicals found in Coke. (hubpages.com)
  • Given that it is equally appealing to children as it is to adults, its little surprise that the popularity of the coke float has soared as a dessert option in a number of family-friendly restaurant chains. (morningadvertiser.co.uk)
  • Last month, Netflix and Coca-Cola announced that the series' third season would include a cross-promotion for New Coke, the beverage giant's product offering that launched in 1985 - the same year that the show's current season is set - and was almost immediately deemed as a major marketing misstep. (cnbc.com)
  • The new season of 'Stranger Things' includes scenes of characters enjoying New Coke. (cnbc.com)
  • Though New Coke failed, the product still managed to leave a lasting impression on popular culture, which is why Netflix and the creators of 'Stranger Things' wanted to feature the product in the show's latest season. (cnbc.com)
  • Chinmayi tweeted, "I am really happy to be a part of something beautiful, original and a lovely song for Season 1 of Coke Studio Tamil. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Sanjay added that Coke Studio season one was launched officially on January 23. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Gary Harris, an employee of the first hip-hop record label, Sugar Hill , noted that "people respected Herc and Coke, but by the early eighties those guys were like specters-they just weren't visible on the scene anymore. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coke La Rock was a friend and musical partner of DJ Kool Herc , who himself is generally considered to have laid down the foundation for hip-hop music starting in 1973. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coke executives have not said how much they have spent on sponsorships or Games-related ads, but IEG, a Chicago firm that analyses corporate sponsorships, estimated Coke had paid up to $US75 million to be a four-year Olympic partner and up to $US15 million to be one of three torch relay sponsors. (smh.com.au)
  • Hedge Coke moved to Tennessee and then California, where she participated in retraining for former field workers, studied performing arts, and completed a play, Icicles . (poets.org)
  • Bulk warehouse workers reported respiratory difficulties and nausea when handling coke fertilizer. (cdc.gov)