Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Role of intergenerational effects on linear growth. (1/105)Current knowledge on the role of intergenerational effects on linear growth is reviewed on the basis of a literature search and recent findings from an ongoing study in Guatemala. Fourteen studies were identified, most of which examined the intergenerational relationships in birth weight. Overall, for every 100 g increase in maternal birth weight, her child's birth weight increased by 10-20 g. The study samples were primarily from developed countries, and birth weight data were extracted from hospital records and/or birth registries. Among the few studies that examined associations between the adult heights of parents and their offspring, correlation coefficients of 0.42-0.5 were reported. None of the studies examined intergenerational relationships in birth length or linear growth patterns during early childhood, preadolescence and/or adolescence. Prospectively collected data from long-term studies being carried out in rural Guatemala provide the first evidence of intergenerational relationships in birth size in a developing country setting. Data were available for 215 mother-child pairs. Maternal birth size was a significant predictor (P < 0.05) of child's birth size after adjusting for gestational age and sex of the child and other potential confounders. Child's birth weight increased by 29 g/100 g increase in maternal birth weight which is nearly twice that reported in developed countries. Similarly, child's birth length increased by 0.2 cm for every 1 cm increase in mother's birth length. The effect of maternal birth weight remained significant even after adjusting for maternal adult size. More evidence from developing countries will help explain the underlying mechanisms and identify appropriate interventions to prevent growth retardation. (+info)
International trends in rates of hypospadias and cryptorchidism. (2/105)Researchers from seven European nations and the United States have published reports of increasing rates of hypospadias during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. Reports of increasing rates of cryptorchidism have come primarily from England. In recent years, these reports have become one focus of the debate over endocrine disruption. This study examines more recent data from a larger number of countries participating in the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Monitoring Systems (ICBDMS) to address the questions of whether such increases are worldwide and continuing and whether there are geographic patterns to any observed increases. The ICBDMS headquarters and individual systems provided the data. Systems were categorized into five groups based on gross domestic product in 1984. Hypospadias increases were most marked in two American systems and in Scandinavia and Japan. The increases leveled off in many systems after 1985. Increases were not seen in less affluent nations. Cryptorchidism rates were available for 10 systems. Clear increases in this anomaly were seen in two U.S. systems and in the South American system, but not elsewhere. Since 1985, rates declined in most systems. Numerous artifacts may contribute to or cause upward trends in hypospadias. Possible "real" causes include demographic changes and endocrine disruption, among others. (+info)
Juvenile hypothyroidism among two populations exposed to radioiodine. (3/105)We found an epidemic of juvenile hypothyroidism among a population of self-defined "downwinders" living near the Hanford nuclear facility located in southeast Washington State. The episode followed massive releases of 131I. Self-reported data on 60 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism (<20 years of age) among a group of 801 Hanford downwinders are presented, as well as data concerning the thyroid status of approximately 160,000 children exposed to radioiodine before 10 years of age as a result of the 26 April 1986 Chernobyl explosion in the former Soviet Union. These children were residents of five regions near Chernobyl. They were examined by standardized screening protocols over a period of 5 years from 1991 to 1996. They are a well-defined group of 10 samples. Fifty-six cases of hypothyroidism were found among boys and 92 among girls. Body burdens of 137Cs have been correlated with hypothyroidism prevalence rates. On the other hand, the group of juvenile (<20 years of age) Hanford downwinders is not a representative sample. Most of the 77 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism in the Hanford group were diagnosed from 1945 to 1970. However, the ratio of reported cases to the county population under 20 years of age is roughly correlated with officially estimated mean levels of cumulative thyroid 131I uptake in these counties, providing evidence that juvenile hypothyroidism was associated with radioiodine exposures. Because even subtle hypothyroidism may be of clinical significance in childhood and can be treated, it may be useful to screen for the condition in populations exposed to radioiodine fallout. Although radiation exposure is associated with hypothyroidism, its excess among fallout-exposed children has not been previously quantified. (+info)
Time trends in the mortality rates for tobacco- and alcohol-related cancers within the oral cavity and pharynx in Japan, 1950-94. (4/105)Mortality data of oral cancer over 40 years in Japan were analyzed to investigate time trends of the disease site-specifically and discuss the relation between these trends and the changing patterns of consumption of tobacco and alcohol beverages. Mortality rates were adjusted to the world standard population. In the males, overall oral cancer (ICD-9: 141-149) mortality rates have increased consistently from the lowest value of 1.25 (per 100,000 per year) in 1956 to 2.40 in 1992. The rates for females were constantly lower than those for males, and formed a modest peak of 0.96 in 1979. Regarding site-specific mortality rates, tongue cancer (141) presented a decreasing trend, while oro/hypopharyngeal (146, 148) and mouth (143-145) cancers showed increasing patterns, particularly in males. When the changing patterns of male truncated rates for ages 35-64 were compared with those of the annual consumption of cigarette and alcohol per capita, the time trend of oro/hypopharyngeal cancer mortality was analogous to cigarette consumption rather than to alcohol consumption, mouth cancer vice versa, and tongue cancer was not related to tobacco or alcohol consumption. The present findings suggest that tobacco and alcohol have different site-specific effects on the development of cancers within the oral cavity and pharynx. (+info)
Social environment and year of birth influence type 1 diabetes risk for African-American and Latino children. (5/105)OBJECTIVE: Credible epidemiological data, primarily from European-origin populations, indicate that environmental factors play an important role in the incidence of type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A population-based registry of incident cases of type 1 diabetes among African-American and Latino children in Chicago was used to explore the influence of individual and neighborhood characteristics on diabetes risk. New cases of insulin-treated diabetes in African-American and Latino Chicagoans aged 0-17 years for 1985-1990 (n = 400) were assigned to one of 77 community areas based on street address. Census tables provided denominators, median household income, percentage of adults > or = 25 years old who had completed high school and college, and a crowding variable for each community area individual-level data were birth cohort, sex, and ethnicity. Outcomes in Poisson regression were sex-, ethnic-, and birth cohort-specific incidence rates. RESULTS: Significant univariate associations between diabetes risk and ethnicity, birth cohort, crowding, and the percentage of adults in each community area who had completed high school and college were observed. African-Americans had a relative risk (RR) of 1.42 (95% CI, 1.14-1.76) compared with Latinos. Risk varied significantly by birth cohort in both ethnic groups. For every 10% increase in the proportion of adults who completed college, the RR for diabetes increased by 25% (RR, 1.25 [95% CI, 1.09-1.44]). Social class variables were significant determinants of risk for African Americans, but not for Latinos. CONCLUSIONS: The strong birth cohort and social class associations observed in this study implicate an infectious exposure linked with age. (+info)
Food safety knowledge and practice among elderly people living at home. (6/105)OBJECTIVE: To assess the food storage knowledge and practice of elderly people living at home. METHODS: Three phase survey data collection: face to face interviews; dietary diaries with a food frequency questionnaire; and follow up interviews. SETTING: Urban Nottingham. PARTICIPANTS: 809 elderly people (aged 65+) randomly selected from general practitioner lists. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Respondent's refrigerator temperature; knowledge of freezer star rating; understanding of "use by" and "sell by" dates; reported ability to read food product safety labels. RESULTS: From a weighted total of 645 refrigerators measured, 451 (70%) were too warm for the safe storage of food (> or = 6 degrees Celsius). Only 41% of respondents (n = 279) knew the star rating of their freezer. Within a smaller sub-sample knowledge of the "use by" and "sell by" dates was good, but 45% of these respondents reported difficulty reading food labels. The storage of foods at inappropriate temperatures was not independent of socioeconomic or demographic status, and tended to be more likely among the poorer and those not living alone. CONCLUSIONS: Food storage practices among the majority of elderly people interviewed in this study do not meet recommended safety standards to minimise the risk of food poisoning. (+info)
A review of the healthy worker effect in occupational epidemiology. (7/105)This review article aims to anatomize sources of the healthy worker effect (HWE) and to summarize advantages and limitations of several approaches frequently proposed to eliminate the HWE. Although the HWE is frequently addressed in the context of selection bias, our review suggests that the selection of occupational cohorts with advantageous health status would preferably be addressed as a source of confounding biases. The authors also conclude that the exclusion of unhealthy workers at employment and the study of active workers are the two main sources of HWE, and that the use of the general population as a comparison group in occupational epidemiology should be avoided if possible. The authors encourage investigators to make distinctions between the underlying factors related to the use of the general population as the comparison group in occupational epidemiology. (+info)
Increase in cervical cancer mortality in Spain, 1951-1991. (8/105)BACKGROUND: The trend in cervical cancer mortality in Spain from 1951 to 1991 is examined. METHODS: Analysis of national mortality statistics calculating age standardised mortality rates and an age-period cohort analysis. A fit to the Gompertz function was made to estimate the influence of the environmental factors on the mortality rates evolution. MAIN RESULTS: The age standardised mortality rate in Spain is lower than in other developed countries (USA or Estonia) and equal to Norwegian and Finland rates; but whereas in these countries the trend is to decrease, the Spanish rate has increased during this period, because of a cohort effect. A misclassification bias could be responsible for the trend in women aged 40 and older but the increasing trend in younger women could not be interpreted as espurious. The Gompertzian analysis suggests an increase in environmental factors causing cervical cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Cervical cancer mortality rates are increasing in Spain because of environmental factors. (+info)
Incidence - Suppression of KRas-mutant cancer through the combined inhibition of KRAS
Purpose This study was conducted to describe the trends and age-period-cohort effects within the incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer in Korea. (APC, C4.8%; 95% CI, C5.1% to C4.4%); however, the incidence and mortality rates among young ladies (< 30 years old) increased. An age-period-cohort model of the incidence and mortality rate showed reducing period effects between 1993 and 2008 and reducing cohort effects between 1928 and 1973, while birth cohorts after 1973 exhibited minor raises in the incidence and mortality Ciproxifan rate of cervical malignancy. Conclusion Recent decreases in the incidence and mortality rate of cervical malignancy were due to decreases in the period and cohort effects, which reflect the implementation of a tumor testing system and changes in lifestyle. However, our findings also highlighted an increase in cohort effects on the incidence and mortality rate among young ladies created after 1973. Keywords: Uterine cervical neoplasms, Incidence, Mortality, ...
Estimation of hazard functions in the log-linear age-period-cohort model: Application to lung cancer risk associated with...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Estimation of hazard functions in the log-linear age-period-cohort model. T2 - Application to lung cancer risk associated with geographical area. AU - Mdzinarishvili, Tengiz. AU - Gleason, Michael X.. AU - Sherman, Simon. N1 - Funding Information: This work was partially supported by 5 P30 CA3 6727 (NIH) grant and LB506 grant (Nebraska Department of Health). Authors acknowledge Dr. Leo Kinarsky for fruitful discussion and helpful comments.. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - An efficient computing procedure for estimating the age-specific hazard functions by the log-linear age-period-cohort (LLAPC) model is proposed. This procedure accounts for the influence of time period and birth cohort effects on the distribution of age-specific cancer incidence rates and estimates the hazard function for populations with different exposures to a given categorical risk factor. For these populations, the ratio of the corresponding age-specific hazard functions is proposed for use as a measure of ...
Recent hip fracture trends in Sweden and Denmark with age-period-cohort effects. - Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics,...
This study used nationwide hip fracture data from Denmark and Sweden during 1987-2010 to examine effects of (birth) cohort and period. We found that time trends, cohort, and period effects were different in the two countries. Results also indicated that hip fracture rates may increase in the not so far future.The reasons for the downturn in hip fracture rates remain largely unclear but circumstances earlier in life seem important.We ascertained hip fractures in the populations ≥50 years in Denmark and Sweden in national discharge registers. Country- and sex-specific age-period-cohort (APC) effects during 1987-2010 were evaluated by log-likelihood estimates in Poisson regression models presented as incidence rate ratios (IRR).There were 399,596 hip fractures in SE and 248,773 in DK. Age-standardized hip fracture rate was stable in SE men but decreased in SE women and in DK. Combined period + cohort effects were generally stronger in SE than DK and in women than men. IRR per period ranged from 1.05 to 1
Generational differences in patterns of physical activities over time in the Canadian population: an age-period-cohort analysis...
Using longitudinal panel data, the aim of this study was to examine the contribution of age, period, and cohort effects on changes in physical activity over time in a population-based sample of Canadians. We focused on three domains of physical activities: leisure time, commuting (i.e. walking and cycling), and daily activities (i.e. sedentary behavior). We also examined whether changes in sedentary behavior related to changes in participation in leisure time and commuting activities. We used data from the Longitudinal National Population Health Survey (1994-2011): 10050 participants born between 1935 and 1984 grouped in five 10-years birth cohorts. We examined three outcomes: moderate-to-vigorous leisure time physical activity, active commuting, and sedentary behavior. We also included education, income, and body mass index as covariates. We used hierarchical age-period-cohort analysis to examine the contribution of age, period, and cohort effects to changes over time for each outcome. We found that
Cohort Effects - Population Dynamics - Ecology Center
A cohort effect is a phenomenon where cohorts of a population differ from each other in some key attribute(s), such body mass. Birth mass, birth dates, rate of growth of juveniles, survival over the first winter, age of first reproduction, and adult survival rates are often related to the influence of the time of birth, which itself is a product of the environmental conditions cohorts face at birth as well as the nutritional condition of their mothers (itself a reflection of environmental conditions faced at or prior to birth). Environmental conditions that can influence birth and early growth attributes include droughts, abnormally high rainfall, late snowfall, and high population density. These and other factors influence birth attributes and early development of juveniles, and these early effects may persist and affect phenotypic quality throughout the lifetime of the cohort. Because many of these cohort effects - body size, body mass, etc. - are tied to survival and reproductive fitness, ...
Search Funded Research Grants and Contracts - Details
Co-Principal Investigator: Takashi Yamashita (University of Maryland, Baltimore County). Purpose: Middle-aged and older workers represent nearly half of the U.S. labor force, yet little is known about this populations skill levels and how they interact with education, labor, and other outcomes. In this study, researchers are exploring associations among older U.S. adults skill proficiencies (i.e., literacy, numeracy and problem-solving skills), employment, labor force status, lifelong learning and educational attainment and cohort effects on these associations. Skill proficiencies and lifelong learning are critical malleable factors for understanding employment and labor force issues in later life, and because more adults are staying in the labor force longer, policymakers and institutions of learning need to understand how these factors and proficiencies interact and predict education and labor outcomes.. Project Activities: This mixed-methods study will leverage national and international ...
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: New Models, Methods, and Empirical Applications (Hardback) - Routledge
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: New Models, Methods, and Empirical Applications is based on a decade of the authors collaborative work in age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Within a single, consistent HAPC-GLMM statistical modeling framework, the…
Incidence of primary liver cancer in Italy between 1988 and 2002: An age-period-cohort analysis<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Incidence of primary liver cancer in Italy between 1988 and 2002. T2 - An age-period-cohort analysis. AU - Dal Maso, Luigino. AU - Lise, Mauro. AU - Zambon, Paola. AU - Crocetti, Emanuele. AU - Serraino, Diego. AU - Ricceri, Fulvio. AU - Vercelli, Marina. AU - De Lisi, Vincenzo. AU - Tagliabue, Giovanna. AU - Federico, Massimo. AU - Falcini, Fabio. AU - Cassetti, Tiziana. AU - Donato, Andrea. AU - Fusco, Mario. AU - Budroni, Mario. AU - Ferretti, Stefano. AU - Tumino, Rosario. AU - Piffer, Silvano. AU - Bellù, Francesco. AU - Mangone, Lucia. AU - Giacomin, Adriano. AU - Vitarelli, Susanna. AU - Franceschi, Silvia. PY - 2008/1. Y1 - 2008/1. N2 - We conducted in Italy a study to evaluate trends of primary liver cancer (PLC) and to disentangle the period from birth-cohort effects on PLC incidence. Cases aged AB - We conducted in Italy a study to evaluate trends of primary liver cancer (PLC) and to disentangle the period from birth-cohort effects on PLC incidence. Cases aged KW - ...
Saúde Pública - Trends in lung cancer mortality in Brazil from the 1980s into the early 21st century: age-period-cohort...
Given that the cohort effect can be interpreted as a special case of the interaction between two categorical variables, the equation above satisfies the assumption that there is no interaction 21. Any violation of that assumption can be detected from graphs presenting the age-specific mortality rate by period. Lack of parallelism between the curves suggests the presence of the cohort effect 22.. This study used weighted parameterization, as proposed by Holford 20, as an alternative solution to the non-identifiability problem.. Given that lung cancer is a chronic, non-communicable disease, rate is assumed in this model to be constant within each of the given age and period categories. Individuals are also assumed to be independent cases and, consequently, contributions to different cells in the data base are also independent. Accordingly, the APC models for rates can be adjusted using Poisson Regression for event counts. This methodology permits the use of an offset term log(nijk), which ...
Cohort differences in the levels and trajectories of frailty among older people in England | Journal of Epidemiology &...
The analysis presented reveals a pessimistic set of findings concerning trends in frailty between 2002 and 2010. There is no evidence for improvement in levels of frailty across cohorts, with a strong suggestion of higher levels of frailty among recent cohorts compared with earlier cohorts (for those cohorts aged over 70 in 2002), particularly for the poorest individuals. This carries the negative implication that the continuing gains in life expectancy are composed of additional years spent in frailty with the potential for greater associated healthcare costs. Inequalities in frailty across the wealth distribution are stark and they appear to widen over the period 2002-2010; the increase in frailty in recent cohorts compared with earlier cohorts is most prominent among the poorest individuals with little evidence of such cohort differences among the most affluent. Levels of frailty are higher for women than for men and the analysis of cohort and gender-specific trajectories suggests that this ...
CRAN - Package smoothAPC
The implemented method uses for smoothing bivariate thin plate splines, bivariate lasso-type regularization, and allows for both period and cohort effects. Thus the mortality rates are modelled as the sum of four components: a smooth bivariate function of age and time, smooth one-dimensional cohort effects, smooth one-dimensional period effects and random errors.. ...
Mortality rates - a profit of doom? - Money Marketing
A cohort effect has cau sed a wave of rapid improvements to ripple upwards through mort ality rates in the UK.. For the past four dec ades, people born between 1925 and 1945 have benefited from faster mortality improvements than those born in adjacent generations.. The greatest mortality im provements in the 1960s were experienced by people then in their 30s, in the 1970s it was people then in their 40s, in the 1980s it was people then in their 50s and now in the 1990s it is people in their 60s. This illustrates the cohort effect centred on 1931. Whether the fast-food generations that followed can sustain the trend remains to be seen.. Where you live can also be an indicator of your life expectancy. This is a fact not lost on MGM which offers higher annuity rates to customers in the North of England and Scotland. Com ing from Sun derland, as I do, I find this fact slig htly disturbing. Like most people, given the choice between the possibility of slightly higher pension increases in the future ...
Interpreting age, period and cohort effects in plasma lipids and serum insulin using repeated measures regression analysis: The...
Observed changes in health-related behaviours and disease risk factors may arise from physiological or environmental changes, or from biases due to sampling or measurement errors. We illustrate problems in the interpretation of such changes with longitudinal data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Mean plasma cholesterol was 14 mg/dl higher in 27- than in 20-year-old black men cross-sectionally, but longitudinally it declined by 4 mg/dl during the 7 years.
Another futile quest? A simulation study of Yang and Lands Hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort model - NCRM EPrints Repository
Bell, Andrew and Jones, Kelvyn (2014) Another futile quest? A simulation study of Yang and Lands Hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort model. Demographic Research, 30 (-). pp. 333-360. ISSN 1435-9871 Full text not available from this repository. ...
Background:Incidence rates for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vary considerably by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. We assessed whether HCC among sub-groups of the population by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and birth cohort are uniform or whether they interact with each other or have changed over time. Methods:Data were from the U.S. Cancer Statistics registry. We assessed annual trends within population sub-groups and examined for secular trends in the male-to-female ratio for HCC incidence. We used joinpoint regression to compute annual percent change and average annual percent change (AAPC) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We also used age-period-cohort models to disentangle period and cohort effects. Results:Between 2001 and 2015, HCC rates increased in men and women ≥50 years, remained stable among women aged 40-49, but decreased among males aged 40-44 (AAPC, 2.47%; 95% CI, 3.15%, 1.80%) and 45-49 (AAPC, 3.49%; 95% CI, 4.78%, 2.17%). As a result, the male-to-female incidence ...
Saúde Pública - Birth cohort differences in anthropometric measures in the older elderly: the Bambuí cohort study of aging ...
Discussion. Anthropometric profiles were observed to differ between older adults in the same age range (71-81 years), born in different periods. Individuals in the more recent birth cohort (1927-1937) showed greater weight gain both in mean BMI and in prevalence of overweight as compared with individuals born in the older cohort (1916-1926). The effects of both birth cohort and age on anthropometric profile seem to have been greater among men than among women.. Despite the scarcity of international and Brazilian studies examining the evolution of body composition over time 5,6,7,21,22, particularly in the elderly population 23, some comparisons can be made. The findings of this study are consistent with the literature as regards the greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among women. In both 1997 and 2008, prevalence of overweight (BMI , 27kg/m2) was greater among women (37.3% in 1997 and 38.9% in 2008) than among men in the same years (respectively, 16% and 32.7%). Comparable prevalences ...
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Stroke Incidence in Dijon From 1985 to 2005 | Stroke
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ILUNION Romareda - Prices & Hotel Reviews (Zaragoza, Spain) - TripAdvisor
Book ILUNION Romareda, Zaragoza on TripAdvisor: See 31 traveler reviews, 101 candid photos, and great deals for ILUNION Romareda, ranked #9 of 79 hotels in Zaragoza and rated 4 of 5 at TripAdvisor.
University of Zaragoza
The University of Zaragoza, sometimes referred to as Saragossa University, s a university located in Zaragoza, in the Aragon region of Spain. Founded .. .
In The River: A Protest Song by Raye Zaragoza ~#NoDAPL ~ Water Is Life | 47whitebuffalos Blog
https://youtu.be/I4eosRdP5gQ Published on Sep 15, 2016 Written and Performed by Raye Zaragoza Recorded by Justin Hergett at The Forest Studios Filmed by Roman Zaragoza Images taken from online news publication & Los Angeles protest (taken by ThomasMichaelPhotography.com) Donate at www.sacredstonecamp.org www.rayezmusic.com
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The longitudinal exercise trend among older Swedes aged 53-84 years - a 16-year follow-up study | BMC Public Health | Full Text
Many older adults are physically inactive and inactivity increases with age. This knowledge comes from cross-sectional studies. Cross-sectional studies may miss important trajectories within the older adults as a result of retirements, and poor health impact of promotional efforts. The aim of this study was to analyse, longitudinally, the annual effects of age group and birth cohort on self-reported regular exercise in the Swedish population aged 53-84 years during a 16-year period, for each sex separately. A random sample of non-institutionalized persons was interviewed three times from 1988 to 2004 by professional interviewers. In addition to three time-related variables - year of interview, age at the time of the interview, and year of birth - we included the following explanatory variables in the analyses: educational level, body mass index, smoking, and self-reported health status. The data were analysed by a mixed model with a random intercept. The total prevalence of self-reported regular
Pet Store & Supplies Near You at 2036 N Zaragoza Rd Bldg D | Dog & Cat Food | Petco
Visit your local Petco Store near you located at 2036 N Zaragoza Rd Bldg D in El Paso Texas for all of your animal nutrition and grooming needs.
Function rooms in Zaragoza | Silken Reino de Aragón
The Silken Reino de Aragón is the best option for organising business events in Zaragoza, in the citys business centre. Official website.
A review and comparison of age-period-cohort models for cancer incidence - Profiles - the University of Baths research...
Age-cohort analysis of arrest rates | SpringerLink
Logistic regressions of age-period-cohort models for city arrest rates are estimated with data from seven U.S. cities for the years 1970-1980 to study the dependence of officially designated criminali
Aging - rate of cognitive decline | About memory
Reports on cognitive decline with age have, over the years, come out with two general findings: older adults do significantly worse than younger adults; older adults are just as good as younger adults. Part of the problem is that there are two different approaches to studying this, each with their own specific bias. You can keep testing the same group of people as they get older - the problem with this is that they get more and more practiced, which mitigates the effects of age. Or you can test different groups of people, comparing older with younger - but cohort differences (e.g., educational background) may disadvantage the older generations. There is also argument about when it starts. Some studies suggest we start declining in our 20s, others in our 60s.. One of my favorite cognitive aging researchers has now tried to find the true story using data from the Virginia Cognitive Aging Project involving nearly 3800 adults aged 18 to 97 tested on reasoning, spatial visualization, episodic memory, ...
Motivation for foreign investment - Zaragoza Logistics Center
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Horario de atención: lunes a viernes de 8:00 a 16:00 horas.. +52(55) 5825-2397. Pioneros del Cooperativismo No. 13, col. México Nuevo, Atizapán de Zaragoza, Edo de México, C. P. 52966.. ...
Journal Contents: International Journal of Synthetic Emotions (IJSE) | IGI Global
R. del Moral (Bioinformation Systems Biology Group, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain), J. Navarro (Bioinformation Systems Biology Group, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain), R. Lahoz-Beltra (Department of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain & Bioinformation Systems Biology Group, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain), M.G. Bedia M.G. (GIGA - Advanced Computer Graphics Group, Department of Computer Science and Systems Engineering, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain), F.J. Serón F.J. (GIGA - Advanced Computer Graphics Group, Department of Computer Science and Systems Engineering, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain), P.C. Marijuán (Bioinformation Systems Biology Group, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain ...
CfC | EMOZ
How to arrive to Zaragoza. - Since Zaragoza is strategically located from other major cities, such as Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia or Bilbao, it is possible to arrive easily to Zaragoza by car or using public transportation.. https://www.spain.info/en/que-quieres/ciudades-pueblos/grandes-ciudades/zaragoza/como_llegar_zaragoza.html. - Buses depart from these other cities frequently and in case of arriving to Madrid airport, the bus to Zaragoza can be picked up at Terminal 4.. https://www.alsa.com/en/web/bus/home. - Zaragoza is also connected by high-speed train to Barcelona and Madrid. Both buses and trains arrive at the same station, which is located just few meters away from the venue.. http://www.renfe.com/EN/viajeros/index.html. The participants in the convention have a discount on AVE trains, send us an email to receive the information.. Information about the discount: http://www.renfe.com/EN/viajeros/tarifas/eventos_condiciones.html. - The airport of Zaragoza is 10 km away and receives ...
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of 1990-2003 Incidence Time Trends of Childhood Diabetes in Italy | Diabetes
Results of the present analyses of the RIDI study provide evidence of 1) large geographical variations in risk of childhood type 1 diabetes within Italy, with high-risk areas in both Sardinia and Trento, in the North-East of Italy; 2) a significantly lower risk in girls than in boys, which is more pronounced in Sardinia (−23%) than in peninsular Italy (−9%); and 3) a linear increasing temporal trend, with an annual increment of 2.94%, affecting all age-groups and both sexes. In our dataset, however, it was impossible to ascribe this increase definitively to either a birth cohort or a calendar period effect.. Our findings are based on a national registry using standardized methods of ascertainment of incident cases, covering 40% of the Italian population at risk; moreover, the long time period on which this report is based allows us to add to current knowledge on epidemiology of type 1 diabetes. Heterogeneity of type 1 diabetes risk has been reported worldwide, but Italy is one of the ...
Do Birth Cohorts Matter? Age-Period-Cohort Analyses of the Obesity Epidemic in the United States
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Quality of life profile in three cohorts of community-dwelling Swiss older people. | IUMSP
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is a subjective and dynamic concept resulting from an interplay between importance of and satisfaction with different aspects of life. However, it is unclear whether social contexts experienced by individuals born at specific times in history (cohort effects) may influence QoL in old age. This study aimed to compare among older persons born before, during, and at the end of World War II: a) satisfaction with QoL, overall and per domains; b) importance of QoL domains.. METHODS: This repeated cross-sectional study included representative samples of community-dwelling adults born in 1934-1938 (pre-war), 1939-1943 (war), and 1944-1948 (baby-boom) from the Lausanne cohort 65+. QoL was assessed overall, and in seven domains in 2011 and 2016. Two-by-two cohort comparisons were performed at ages 68-72 (war versus baby-boom) and 73-77 years (pre-war versus war).. RESULTS: Overall satisfaction with QoL did not differ between cohorts despite increased education level ...
Human Papillomavirus and Long-term Oral Contraceptive Use Increase the Risk of Adenocarcinoma in Situ of the Cervix | Cancer...
This study found evidence of a cohort effect in ACIS incidence, a trend of increasing risk with longer duration of OC use, and an increased risk associated with HPV, especially HPV-18. Taken together, these results suggest that there has been a potential increase in ACIS incidence but do not completely rule out an increase due solely to detection bias.. The increasing incidence of ACIS and AC may be attributed to improved detection with the addition of endocervical brushes to cytologic screening. However, the endocervical brush was introduced in the early 1990s, and the incidence rates have been increasing since the 1970s. Another source of potential improved detection could be that more ACIS has been detected as it has become more widely discussed in the literature, bringing it to the attention of more pathologists. Further evaluation of the impact of screening on ACIS incidence may be possible in the setting of a population-based cytology registry.. If OC users are overrepresented in our case ...
Job Promotion in Mid-Career: Gender, Recession and Crowding
Downloadable! Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 indicate that between 1996 and 2010 females on average lost some of the promotion momentum they had achieved at the beginning of mid-career, although they outperformed males in this regard. For both genders economic downturn has contributed to reduced promotion probabilities. In the case of women, however, cohort effects rather than the cycle seem to explain the promotion experience during the Great Recession. Promotions translate into higher real wage increases, and typically more so where job responsibilities increase. Crowding effects, if not necessarily a thing of the past, are no longer manifested in reduced female promotion rates or earnings.
Ageing and heterogeneity regarding autism spectrum conditions: a protocol paper of an accelerated longitudinal study | BMJ Open
In order to determine whether we can replicate the cross-sectional findings with an accelerated longitudinal dataset (ie, aim 1), we will, for example, apply dynamic growth models, to fit the developmental (ageing) shape of each cognitive process. The proposed set-up ensures that individual data points can be plotted against time (for an ASC example78) and that we can actually build a linear mixed model of change in which we can model individual change, potential cohort effects and potential measurement effects. Moreover, these techniques can provide information on whether growth curves differ shape for different cognitive subdomains. For these analyses, we primarily will use data points for those participants of whom we have cognitive data at two timepoints (T1 and T2). For aim 2, we will mainly use a bottom-up approach, where community detection will be used in order to form subgroups for which we perform an independent replication, focus on external validation on T1, longitudinal stability of ...
Boomers are not the biggest boozers - AMSR
The Boomer generation are often claimed to be the nations heaviest wine drinkers. Analysis of TGI trend data shows this is only partially true.. Behaviour in the wine category illustrates the cohort effect. Lets divide the population aged 20+ into 15-year bands, and categorise Boomers as those aged 50-64 today, therefore, the 20-34 year-olds of 1989. Back then, 3% of adults reported drinking five or more bottles of wine per month. Boomers (highlighted) were above-average at 4%, but 5% of 35-49 year-olds were consuming five bottles per month, making them the heaviest wine drinkers.. ...
Establishment of Definitions and Review Process for Consistent Adjudication of Cause-Specific Mortality After Allogeneic...
Clinical trials commonly use adjudication committees to refine endpoints, but observational research or genome-wide association studies rarely do. Our goals were to establish definitions of cause-specific death after unrelated donor allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (URD-HCT), estimate discordance between reported and adjudicated cause-specific death, and identify factors contributing to inconsistency in cause-specific deathdetermination. A consensus panel adjudicated cause-specific deathin 1,484 patients who died within 1 year after HCT, derived from 3,532 acute leukemia or myelodysplasia patients after URD-HCT 2000-2011 reported by 151 U.S. transplant centers to CIBMTR. Deaths were classified as disease-related (DRM) or transplant-related (TRM). The panel agreed with ,99% of deaths reported by centers as DRM and 80% reported as TRM. Year of transplant (cohort effect) and disease status significantly influenced agreement between panel and centers. Sensitivity analysis of deaths ,100 ...
Background: The prevalence of asthma has been rising all over the world. The causes of this epidemic are still not completely known. In this study we aim to estimate the separate effects of age, period and birth cohort on the trends of asthma incidence in Italy.. Methods: Individual information on the history of asthma was collected on 35,375 adults aged 20-64 and born from 1940 to 1989, who were randomly sampled from the general Italian population in 1990/93, 1998/2000 and 2007/10. Overall 3,295 subjects reported asthma from 1,293,801 person-years at risk. Age-specific incidence rates were estimated for both sexes using 5-year age classes in different cohorts and period. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the incidence rates by age, birth cohort and period in males and females.. Results: Age, period and cohort showed significant independent effects (p<0.001) on incidence rates of asthma, which was greater in younger subjects and dramatically increased in recent generations. ...
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Navarre Family Eye Care
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Nursing Home in Navarre, OH
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Zaragoza - Wikitravel
Zaragoza is a warm and inviting city strategically located between Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia and Toulouse. In peoples haste to see the big cities, this gem is often passed without so much as a second look. The city welcomes visitors with its rich culture, shopping, eating, and sightseeing. Its more than 2,000 years of history makes the city one of the greatest historical and artistic legacies in Spain. It is situated in Aragon, one of the previous kingdoms of Spain.
Difference between revisions of Zaragoza - Wikitravel
Zaragoza is a warm and inviting city strategically located between Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia and Toulouse. In peoples haste to see the big cities, this gem is often passed without so much as a second look. The city welcomes visitors with its rich culture, shopping, eating and sightseeing. Its more than 2000 years of history makes the city one of the greatest historical and artistical legacies in Spain. It is situated in Aragon, one of the previous kingdoms of Spain.
Zaragoza 3 Light Vanity | House of Antique Hardware
Named for a city in Spain with ancient roots, the Zaragoza 3-light vanity fixture has a distinctly Spanish feel. Symmetrical curves show wrought irons ability to be shaped into graceful forms. Gold accents add texture and visual interest while a trio of Scavo™ glass shades create a warm glow. An ideal light for Mediterranean-style homes, or where rustic Old World flair is desired.
of the best pulmonologists (lung doctors) in Zaragoza: book online and read reviews |TopDoctors
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Microbuz Deva Zaragoza
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11 of the best ophthalmologists in Zaragoza: book online and read reviews |TopDoctors
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Heres a Great Deal on Zaragoza Hand-Hooked Plum Area Rug Bloomsbury Market Rug Size: Rectangle 56 x 86
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Pension Holgado in Zaragoza ★
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Barcelona, Cádiz, Madrid, Pamplona and Zaragoza unite to promote the energy transition | ENERGY DEMOCRACY
https://youtu.be/yqplr7chUZ8 This video is a collaborative production by the city of Barcelona, Cádiz, Madrid, Pamplona y Zaragoza. For English subtitles, click the icons in the bottom right corner. Green energy and efficient public practices have demonstrated that another energy model is possible. These five cities have jointly promoted a declaration and a video with the…
Agricola Zaragoza, Inc. of Texas Recalls Jalapeno Peppers - We are watching you. | Marler Blog
The FDA has announced that Agricola Zaragoza, Inc. of McAllen, Texas is recalling Jalapeno Peppers distributed since June 30th, 2008 (see CDC Report below)
Dra. Conchita Pinilla Lozano | Plastic surgeon van Zaragoza | Contactgegevens
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rian.ie - Result: Age-period-cohort analysis for trends in body mass index in Ireland
Background: Obesity is a growing problem worldwide and can often result in a variety of negative health outcomes. In this study we aim to apply partial least squares (PLS) methodology to estimate the separate effects of age, period and cohort on the trends in obesity as measured by body mass index (BMI). Methods: Using PLS we will obtain gender specific linear effects of age, period and cohort on obesity. We also explore and model nonlinear relationships of BMI with age, period and cohort. We analysed the results from 7,796 men and 10,220 women collected through the SLAN (Surveys of Lifestyle, attitudes and Nutrition) in Ireland in the years 1998, 2002 and 2007. Results: PLS analysis revealed a positive period effect over the years. Additionally, men born later tended to have lower BMI (−0.026 kg·m-2 yr-1, 95% CI: -0.030 to −0.024) and older men had in general higher BMI (0.029 kg·m-2 yr-1, 95% CI: 0.026 to 0.033). Similarly for women, those born later had lower BMI (−0.025 kg·m-2 yr-1, ...
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Navarre Hyundai | Lake Charles, LA | Verified Reviews
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Publix Pharmacy - Navarre, FL Locations - GoodRx
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Charcoal-grilled T-bone steak - Tourist Navarre
Although found in most restaurants across Navarre, the T-bone steaks of Baztan-Bidasoa are the most highly-prized. They are usually grilled over hot coals.
BILLY NAVARRE CHEVROLET OF SULPHUR
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Official Website of the Navarre Tourist Board
The Pyrenees rise in the north of Navarre, forming a landscape of evergreen valleys which spread to the east. The high mountains become less extreme as they...
Tricks of the Trade Posts- Published 2021 - Friendly Giant - Window and Gutter Cleaning - Victoria BC
Ladder accidents are extremely common even though they are entirely preventable. Ladder accidents can come from a wide variety of issues but the following four causes account for the vast majority. If these simple loss prevention tips for each cause are followed, ladder accidents could almost be eliminated. Read More ...
talks.cam : Land and credit in the asset allocations of the Jews in late 14th-century Zaragoza
If you have a question about this talk, please contact sja60.. Abstract not available. This talk is part of the Graduate Workshop in Economic and Social History series.. ...
Arianne Jolie Zaragoza - Kumon Philippines
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New Headquarters for Environment Services / Magén Arquitectos | ArchDaily
Completed in 2009 in Zaragoza, Spain. Images by Jesús Granada, Pedro Pegenaute . The building location has a special value based on the relationship between the built-up area of the city and the urban banks of the Ebro river,...
La Liga: Real Madrid storm seven clear after Barcelona drop more points - Daily Record
REAL MADRID bounced back from their bitter Spanish Cup exit by beating Zaragoza 3-1 to move seven points clear at the top of La Liga.
UNGAR : Les sous-hommes - First edition - Edition-Originale.com
First edition of the French translation, a numbered on Lafuma Navarre and reimposed in quarto format foolscap 110 leading copy. Nice copy. --- Please note that the translation in english is done [...] par Edition-Originale.com
Hospital Cost Compare | Medical and surgery costs at Regional Hospital
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For example, cohort effects are critical issues in school enrollment. In order to determine whether a cohort effect is present ... Political socialization Socialization Cohort Effects on Earnings Profiles Cohort effect in Lung Function among Smokers (Social ... and cohort effects can be an indicator of this sort of phenomenon. Cohort effects are important to resource dependency, and ... Cohort effects are important to epidemiologists searching for patterns in illnesses. Certain illnesses may be socially affected ...
Ageing of newspaper readership
Sometimes different cohorts have different characteristics; this is called a cohort effect. There may be a cohort effect for ... "What is a cohort effect? Comparison of three statistical methods for modeling cohort effects in obesity prevalence in the ... As time passes, older cohorts will die out and be replaced by younger cohorts, resulting in a decline in newspaper readership. ... younger cohorts appear to read fewer newspapers than older cohort groups, even though newspapers generally target a wide range ...
Compression of morbidity
There may also be age versus cohort effects. Successful aging Fries, James F. (1980). "Aging, Natural Death, and the ... Whether this trend continues may depend upon the effect of the obesity epidemic on the next generation of older people." See ...
"Research Spotlight: Cohort Effects in Children's Delay-of-Gratification". Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Global Working ... "Cohort Effects in Children's Delay of Gratification" (PDF). Developmental Psychology. 54 (8): 1395-1407. doi:10.1037/dev0000533 ... Gyurak, Anett; Ayduk, Ozlem (October 2007). "Defensive physiological reactions to rejection: the effect of self-esteem and ... cool' focus". Psychological Science 2007: "Defensive physiological reactions to rejection: the effect of self-esteem and ...
2004 in Singapore
The scheme took effect from the 2005 cohort. 26 September - Reviews were announced for education awards, new school achievement ... 13 April - A blackout hits several parts of Singapore including Choa Chu Kang, affecting 80,000 households and lasting almost ... 29 June - A blackout occurred for the second time, affecting about one-third of Singapore residents. Investigations reveal that ...
Additionally, the effect is robust to cohort effects. Patterns of the male midlife crisis mimick that of female's. This reduces ... aging or death of parents physical changes associated with aging Mid-life crisis can affect men and women differently because ... "Does low socioeconomic status potentiate the effects of heightened cardiovascular responses to stress on the progression of ... is being answered through recent research that attempts to balance such factors as response bias and experimenter effects in ...
Sarah E. Turner
"Cohort Crowding: How Resources Affect Collegiate Attainment." PSC Research Report No. 04-557. 4 2004. Abstract. Bound, John, ... "Labor Market Effects of Pensions and Implications for Teachers." Education Finance and Policy. Vol. 5, No. 4: 463-491. Bound, ... It suggests how an information nudge or letter intervention can affect one's decision, and in this case, for the better as more ... Much of Turner's work explores how higher educational opportunities - in colleges and universities - affects the labor market, ...
John Luke Gallup
The Effect of Cohort Size on Wages in Brazil. Population Association of America Meeting 1992, Toronto. "John Luke Gallup". ...
Garrott RA, Rotella JJ, Siniff DB, Parkinson CL, Stauffer GE (2012). "Environmental variation and cohort effects in an ... However, the effects of global climate change on Antarctic seals are still to be fully determined. Research estimates seal ... Climate changes affecting the duration and the extent of the sea ice and nutrients availability could potentially reduce pups' ... However, the disturbance effects of the increasing seasonal tourism in the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic on Weddell seal behavior ...
... period and cohort effects" (PDF). Social Science & Medicine. 93: 163-165. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.04.029. PMID 23701919. ... Bell, Andrew; Jones, Kelvyn (2014). "Explaining Fixed Effects: Random Effects Modeling of Time-Series Cross-Sectional and Panel ... analysis of large tables of counts using a Poisson random effects model Age period cohort analysis A recent review Cross- ... "Explaining Fixed Effects: Random Effects Modeling of Time-Series Cross-Sectional and Panel Data". Political Science Research ...
Additionally, aging experiences are shaped by cohort and period effects. Also reflecting the life course focus, consider the ... 2. Birth cohorts play an influential role in the process of social change. According to this theory, which stems from the life ... According to this theory, older adults born during different time periods form cohorts that define "age strata". There are two ... investigating the effects of an aging population on society, and the design of residential spaces for older people that ...
2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull
June 2012). "Health effects following the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a cohort study". BMJ Open. 2 (6): e001851. doi: ... As of 15 April, the eruption was not large enough to have an effect on global temperatures like that of Mount Pinatubo and ... This rise in water temperature was thought to be related to the eruption nearby and was affecting part of the Krossá drainage ... The effect also spread beyond Iceland. Ash from the current Eyjafjallajökull eruption contains one-third the concentration ...
Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Donnellan, M. Brent (5 May 2017). "Rethinking 'Generation Me': A Study of Cohort Effects from 1976-2006 ... Typically, any positive effects from the Dark Triad and low Honesty-Humility occur at the individual level, that is, any ... The focal variable when analyzing generational or cohort differences in dark triad traits has tended to be narcissism, arising ... doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00361-6. Twenge, Jean M.; Campbell, W. Keith (5 May 2017). "Birth Cohort Differences in the ...
More recent research no longer supports this, and is inconclusive as to the true effects of estrogen on hippocampal volume as ... findings from a longitudinal community cohort". Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 98 (9): 3829-3838. doi: ... Epperson, C.N.; Amin, Z.; Ruparel, K.; Gur, R.; Loughead, J. (2012). "Interactive effects of estrogen and serotonin on brain ... Clement, Yuri N.; Onakpoya, Igho; Hung, Shao K.; Ernst, Edzard (2011). "Effects of herbal and dietary supplements on cognition ...
Medical Respite Care
Buchanan D, Doblin B, Sai T, Garcia P (2006). "The effects of respite care for homeless patients: a cohort study". Am J Public ...
... competing risks and cohort effects". International Journal of Epidemiology. 28 (1): 19-29. doi:10.1093/ije/28.1.19. PMID ... The effects of the accident are being remedied. Assistance has been provided for any affected people. An investigative ... explore how radiation affected people living in the area and information about the long-term side effects of radiation exposure ... a decrease from the 35 municipalities in 2011 and the 117 municipalities affected during 1986. The after-effects of Chernobyl ...
Cohort effect Groupthink Public opinion Political culture Political cognition Glasberg, Davita Silfen; Shannon, Deric (2011). ... Families have an effect on "political knowledge, identification, efficacy, and participation", depending on variables such as " ... This demonstrates that the mass media attention to an issue affects public opinion. More so, extensive exposure to television ... this demonstrates that region affects patterns in media socialization. Income level is also an important factor; high-income ...
Grant MD, Lauderdale DS (2002). "Cohort effects in a genetically determined trait: eye colour among US whites". Ann. Hum. Biol ... In addition, flash photography can sometimes cause a "red-eye effect", in which the very bright light from a flash reflects off ... Dave Johnson (16 January 2009). "HOW TO: Avoid the red eye effect". New Zealand PC World. Archived from the original on 24 ... Another hypothesis about heterochromia is that it can result from a viral infection in utero affecting the development of one ...
This effect was consistent across age and race cohorts. A similar study among 12,275,033 Swiss found the highest mortality on ... A small study by Leonard Zusne found birthday effects among both male and female cohorts, where women were more likely to die ... there is a Passover effect among the Jewish community (which moves with the festival), and a Mid-Autumn Festival effect among ... while others find no significant gender effect. Suggested mechanisms for the effect include alcohol consumption, psychological ...
Intelligence and education
Child Development, 65, 684-698 Baltes, P., & Reinert, G. (1969). Cohort effects in cognitive development in children as ... This effect, however, appears to be limited by the stronger effect of initial intelligence. The Critical Thinking project at ... This means the opposite effect, that education affects ability, is likely small. An effective way to understand the genetic and ... A study done in Germany proved how education did affect the intelligence of students and proof of intelligence affecting ...
Baltes, P.; Reinert, G. (1969). "Cohort effects in cognitive development in children as revealed by cross sectional sequences ... focus on understanding how people's personality affects the way they interact personally, and how this affects the way ... A side effect of the process of formalization is that the educational experience becomes more abstract and more removed from ... David Card, "Causal effect of education on earnings," in Handbook of labor economics, Orley Ashenfelter and David Card (Eds). ...
Another 20th-century cohort of affected hatmakers has been studied in Tuscany, Italy. The experience of hatmakers in New Jersey ... Effects of chronic occupational exposure to mercury, such as that commonly experienced by affected hatters, include mental ... It usually begins in the fingers, but the eyelids, lips and tongue are affected early. As it progresses it passes to the arms ... FDA has concluded that the existing data support a finding that infants are not at risk for adverse health effects from the ...
"Age stratification and cohort effects in scholarly communication: a study of social sciences". Scientometrics. 109 (2): 997- ... or academic age affect review decisions? An analysis of submissions to the journal Biological Conservation". Biological ...
... and Cohort Effects in Autism Incidence in California from 1994 to 2005." International Journal of Epidemiology. 2011; doi: ... "Peer Effects on Adolescent Girls' Sexual Debut and Pregnancy: An Analysis of a National Sample of Adolescent Girls", in Peer ... "Peer Effects on Adolescent Girls' Sexual Debut and Pregnancy Risk". PPFY Network, Vol2. No3. 1998 Bearman, Peter S and Laura ... Power in Numbers: Peer Effects on Adolescent Girls' Sexual Debut and Pregnancy. National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy: ...
"Associations of Positive Affect and Negative Affect With Allostatic Load: A Lifelines Cohort Study". Psychosomatic Medicine. 80 ... Allostatic load effects can be measured in the body. When tabulated in the form of allostatic load indices using sophisticated ... Allostatic load is not unique to humans and may be used to evaluate the physiological effects of chronic or frequent stress in ... The largest contribution to the allostatic load is the effect of stress on the brain. Allostasis is the system which helps to ...
The IE coefficients validating a cohort effect went from negative to positive in 2009. To this day, no one can explain how ... but results suggest that it might be explained through the cohort effect. Further descriptive epidemiological studies are ... Scientists have been doing research on the matter by creating an age-period-cohort (APC) analysis to back up their relevant ... In January 2016, a cold wave affected the region. Snow and frigid weather forced the cancellation of 1,200 flights on Jejudo, ...
Pancreas disease in farmed salmon
Bang Jensen, Britt; Kristoffersen, Anja B; Myr, Camilla; Brun, Edgar (December 2012). "Cohort study of effect of vaccination on ... However, the effect of this has been questioned since the number of PD outbreaks has not been reduced. Jansen, M D; Bang Jensen ... It affects farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) caused by Marine SAV2 and SAV3 and has also been identified in Rainbow trout ( ... "Effect of pancreas disease caused by SAV 2 on protein and fat digestion in Atlantic salmon". Journal of Fish Diseases. 42 (1): ...
The Protective Effect of Education for Cohorts Graduating in Bad Times." "Did the Americanization Movement Succeed? An ... The Protective Effect of Education for Cohorts Graduating in Bad Times". Social Science & Medicine. 127: 63-73. doi:10.3386/ ... However, the new law did not have much effect on: the other women in the company and women how are highly qualified but were ... "The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence." "Booms, Busts and ...
... cohort study exploring the 'weekend effect'". Br J Anaesth. 118 (1): 112-122. doi:10.1093/bja/aew398. hdl:10044/1/41749. PMID ... The degree of effect is usually higher for the 'Out-of-Hours Effect' rather than the 'Weekend Effect'. This suggests that the ' ... Weekend Effect'. This suggests that the 'Weekend Effect' may be nothing to do with the weekend per se, but may be an effect ... The effects of the weekend on patient outcomes has been a concern since the late 1970s, and a 'weekend effect' is now well ...
"Massively parallel quantification of the regulatory effects of noncoding genetic variation in a human cohort". Genome Research ... characterized the effects of human genetic variation on non-coding regulatory element function, measuring the activity of 100 ... putative enhancers captured directly from the genomes of 95 members of a study cohort. This approach enables the functional ...
They found that the upbringing of families to their youngers, as well as how the community developed, has a far larger effect ... Thornberry and Christenson (1984) analysed data from a longitudinal cohort study of delinquency in Philadelphia and found (at ... while criminal involvement exerts a more long-range effect on unemployment. What this and other empirical research demonstrates ... p405): Unemployment exerts a rather immediate effect on criminal involvement, ...
... nutrient and moisture effects and their interactions, and the possibility to examine potential climate change effects. FORECAST ... In its simplest form it can be run as a single age cohort, plant monoculture, light competition model. At the other extreme the ... in order to compare and contrast their effect on forest productivity, stand dynamics, and a series of biophysical indicators of ... a representation of moisture effects on soil processes, plant physiology and growth, and the consequences of moisture ...
One common side effect that is experienced by babies who are receiving phototherapy treatment is more frequent and loose stools ... October 2010). "Risk of skin cancer after neonatal phototherapy: retrospective cohort study". Archives of Disease in Childhood ... Xiong T, Qu Y, Cambier S, Mu D (October 2011). "The side effects of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice: what do we know? What ... More severe long term side effects are very rare or non existent but there could be a correlation with conditions such as ...
In effect the graduates became another interest group the emperor had to contend with. This problem was greatly mitigated by ... Among Huang Chao's cohort were other failed candidates such as Li Zhen, who targeted government officials, killed them and ... In the early Qing period, a 4:6 Manchu to Han quota was placed on the palace examination, and was in effect until 1655. ... The discontinuation of the exams had the effect of reducing the prestige of traditional learning, reducing the motivation for ...
By the late 19th century, a large and disciplined cohort of Irish Nationalist MPs at Westminster committed the Liberal Party to ... The Irish restriction was given effect by the twenty-seventh amendment to the Irish Constitution in 2004. The position in UK ... The body of statute law affecting Northern Ireland reflects the history of Northern Ireland, including Acts of the Parliament ... confirm that their right to hold both British and Irish citizenship is accepted by both Governments and would not be affected ...
Syndromes affecting the eye, Syndromes affecting the kidneys, Syndromes affecting the gastrointestinal tract, Syndromes ... They subsequently analysed a cohort of 1,000 individuals with microcephaly and found that one of them, a girl, had mutations in ... Four affected individuals who did not survive to term had cleft palate. A minority of those affected have been born with an ... Some of those affected have had epicanthal folds or fine, sparse hair. One individual was reported to have been born with a ...
Wyoming Military Department
He is responsible for formulating, developing and coordinating all policies, plans and programs affecting the more than 3,000 ... and actions impacting the warrant officer cohort, including professional development, promotions, assignments, incentives, ...
Birth order effects on educational attainment and educational transitions in West Germany. European Sociological Review 30(2): ... Prenatal health, educational attainment, and intergenerational inequality: The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study. ... Härkönen, Juho (2013-10-09). "Birth Order Effects on Educational Attainment and Educational Transitions in West Germany". ... The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study". Demography. 49 (2): 525-552. doi:10.1007/s13524-012-0092-1. ISSN 0070-3370. PMID ...
In 2019, a large review of the effects of oxytocin found that the oxytocin level in fathers that engage in SSC is increased as ... A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies of 15 million pregnancies". PLOS Medicine. 16 (7): e1002838. doi: ... The feelings, often termed the "baby blues", affect up to 80 per cent of mothers. They are somewhat mild, last a week or two, ... Side effects appear later, including irritation, redness, and multiple superficial scratches from the razor. Another effort to ...
Universal basic income around the world
The effects were primarily found among those who were youngest when the payments began, and among those who were lifted out of ... However, payments to young cohorts only may be met with resistance from the older ones. Yet another alternative to UBI is a ... The effects were convincing, particularly in the area of assurance of basic needs, improving the quality of life and social ... Although the project leaders are examining the effects of the local basic income, the coordinators of the project told USBIG ...
The most common side effects include changes in laboratory tests (including increased liver enzymes, increased blood sugar, ... multi-cohort trial that evaluated 41 participants with RET fusion-positive tumors (other than non-small cell lung cancer and ... Selpercatinib can cause serious side effects including liver toxicity, high blood pressure, heart rhythm changes due to ...
Uranium mining in the Bancroft area
"Ontario Uranium Miners Cohort Study Report" (PDF). Occupational Cancer Research Centre, Cancer Care Ontario - via University of ... Potential Human Health Effects of Uranium Mining, Processing, and Reclamation (Report). National Academies Press (US). ...
Prostitution in the United States
If we can curb or stamp out the demand end of it, then we can save the lives of numerous persons." The law went into effect on ... "Mortality in a Long-term Open Cohort of Prostitute Women". American Journal of Epidemiology. 159 (8): 778-785. doi:10.1093/aje/ ...
2022 monkeypox outbreak
On the same day, Peru reported the death of a monkeypox-affected 45-year-old male, who also had HIV and septic shock. On 30 ... in August indicated hospitalizations of small cohorts of early patients were 8% and 13%. In the beginning of May 2022, a case ... Rivers State was the most affected, followed by Bayelsa and Lagos. In the span from 2017 to 2022, the NCDC reported six deaths ... In Nature, Anne Rimoin and Raina MacIntyre speculate that the higher percentage of MSM affected is a result of coincidental ...
Diseases of poverty
While cancer affects all populations, certain populations are disproportionally affected by the disease due to differences in ... Results from a cohort study of approximately 2,000 older adults aged 65 years and older from the New Haven Established ... Education is affected by poverty, which is known as the income achievement gap. This gap shows that children living in poverty ... HIV can negatively affect work output, which impacts the ability to generate income. This is crucial in parts of Africa where ...
Carrie Chapman Catt
... and no plan to disqualify them was in effect. Many Black women reported to the registrar's office, but the only discrimination ... as its president led to her ejection from the Woman's Peace Party as well as hard feelings between her and its small cohort of ...
These feminists argue that prostitution has a very negative effect, both on the prostitutes themselves and on society as a ... April 2004). "Mortality in a long-term open cohort of prostitute women". Am. J. Epidemiol. 159 (8): 778-85. doi:10.1093/aje/ ... Sanger, William W. (1859). The History of Prostitution: Its Extent, Causes, and Effects Throughout the World. Harper & brothers ... De Marneffe further argued that this may affect the prostitute's ability to perform sexual acts for the purpose of building a ...
A single gene may affect multiple traits. Some traits that increase fitness early in life may also have negative effects later ... few were alive at older ages and their contribution to the next generation was therefore small relative to the large cohorts of ... For example, a mouse is elderly at 3 years, a human is elderly at 80 years, and ginkgo trees show little effect of age even at ... But, because many more individuals are alive at young ages than at old ages, even small positive effects early can be strongly ...
By the early 1960s, a campaign to rid New York City of gay bars was in full effect by order of Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr., who ... A cohort of poets, later named the Beat poets, wrote about the evils of the social organization at the time, glorifying anarchy ... The Stonewall Awards is an annual event the charity has held since 2006 to recognize people who have affected the lives of ...
1972 in the Vietnam War
His remains and some personal effects were recovered from the crash site by the ARVN five months later and turned over to the U ... Democratic Presidential nominee McGovern said that he expected Thiệu and his "cohorts" to flee into exile and for a communist ... and would release only 5,000 after the peace agreement came into effect.: 48 A Gallup poll found that 59% of Americans approved ... 211 airstrikes over South Vietnam and some strikes over North Vietnam before the South Vietnamese ceasefire came into effect. U ...
Council, Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiations, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Commission on Life ... "Special Exposure Cohort (SEC)". CDC The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. CDC Centers for Disease Control ...
The Queen's Commonwealth Trust
One Young World is a preeminent global forum for young leaders who have demonstrated a commitment to effecting positive change ... Following is the list of 2019 QCTxOYW scholarship winners, the first cohort. "THE QUEEN'S COMMONWEALTH TRUST - Overview (free ... "One Young World: Introducing QCT's 2019 cohort!". www.queenscommonwealthtrust.org. Retrieved 30 May 2020. Official website "The ...
It was found that, in the younger cohorts of 11 and 17, higher SES could be correlated with a significantly higher mean level ... but no evidence of such an effect in Australia or Western Europe. Turkheimer et al. (2015) similarly note that the effect has ... This hypothesized effect was first proposed by Sandra Scarr, who found support for it in a 1971 study of twins in Philadelphia ... A 2016 study in Australia found no evidence for the Scarr-Rowe effect. In 2017, a twin study with a sample of 24,620 twins and ...
If the trauma survivor does have no conscious knowledge, the effects of the abuse instead can manifest with physical and ... and cross-sectional cohort studies". Schizophrenia Bulletin. 38 (4): 661-671. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbs050. ISSN 1745-1701. PMC ... Others think substance use is a way to cope with posttraumatic negative affect traits such as avoidance, tension reduction or ... Disorganized IWM: Linked to unresolved traumas and losses experienced by the caregiver and the effect had on the subsequent ...
Not only do social norms within the state affect its determination of AFDC payment levels, but regional norms will affect a ... on the original cost of childhood coverage for these cohorts, most of which comes from lower cash transfer payments". A 2019 ... affected by the recent introduction of antiretrovirals) accounted for 20% of the effect. Mortality changes were closely linked ... A 2019 study found that Medicaid expansion in Michigan had net positive fiscal effects for the state. A 2019 review by Kaiser ...
Pressure reactivity index
"Investigating the effect of common artifacts on pressure reactivity index". medicalxpress.com. Retrieved 2022-11-17. Sorrentino ... Pressure Reactivity-Based Optimal Cerebral Perfusion Pressure in a Traumatic Brain Injury Cohort. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2018; ... The cerebrovascular reactions to changes in blood pressure generates a corresponding effect on the intracranial pressure. When ... Rozanek, Martin; Skola, Josef; Horakova, Lenka; Trukhan, Valeriia (2022-09-06). "Effect of artifacts upon the pressure ...
All effects were more pronounced among older ages. The virus also affects gastrointestinal organs as ACE2 is abundantly ... However, some people - over half of a cohort of home-isolated young adults identified in June, 2021 - continued to experience a ... are also involved in the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines affecting the nervous system, and effects of cytokine storms ... The effect of the virus on ACE2 cell surfaces leads to leukocytic infiltration, increased blood vessel permeability, alveolar ...
Each cohort (roughly 480 men) would receive one ballista and each centuria (roughly 100 men) would receive one carroballista. ... Rocco, Marco (January 2010). "The reasons behind Constitutio Antoniniana and its effects on the Roman military". Acta Classica ... In a standard legionary formation of ten cohorts and sixty centuriae, a legion would be equipped with ten ballistae and sixty ...
In a recently published large obstetric cohort study of the zigzag pattern in almost 5,000 term deliveries in Helsinki ... it is not affected by factors such as movement. Internal monitoring may be used when external monitoring is inadequate, or if ... A Retrospective One-Year Cohort Study of 5150 Singleton Childbirths". European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and ... A large obstetric retrospective cohort study". Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 100 (2): 252-262. doi:10.1111/ ...
Rubinstein, Jay T.; Hong, Robert (September 2003). "Signal Coding in Cochlear Implants: Exploiting Stochastic Effects of ... rather than inferential statistics and small-cohort hypothesis testing. The aim of computational audiology is to translate ... monitor the effects of ototoxicity and/or noise, and guide ear and hearing care decisions and support to clinicians. Smartphone ... association study identifies 44 independent genomic loci for self-reported adult hearing difficulty in the UK Biobank cohort". ...
Effect of Vitamin D on Blood Pressure and Hypertension in the General Population: An Update Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies and...
Effect of Vitamin D on Blood Pressure and Hypertension in the General Population: An Update Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies and ... Effect of Vitamin D on Blood Pressure and Hypertension in the General Population: An Update Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies and ... The effects of vitamin D on hypertension risk and blood pressure have been explored widely in cohort studies and randomized ... We aimed to provide a comprehensive and quantitative meta-analysis from the published cohort studies and RCTs on the effect of ...
Table 1 - Retrospective Cohort Study of Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Tuberculosis Notifications, Vietnam, 2020 - Volume...
Effect of frenotomy on breastfeeding and reflux: results from the BRIEF prospective longitudinal cohort study | SpringerLink
Effect of frenotomy on breastfeeding and reflux: results from the BRIEF prospective longitudinal cohort study. *Kirsten W. ... Effect of frenotomy on breastfeeding and reflux: results from the BRIEF prospective longitudinal cohort study ... Slagter, K.W., Raghoebar, G.M., Hamming, I. et al. Effect of frenotomy on breastfeeding and reflux: results from the BRIEF ... A cohort of 175 consecutive breastfeeding women with breastfeeding and reflux problems related to a tongue-tie or lip-tie ...
Healthy migrant effect in the Swedish context: a register-based, longitudinal cohort study. | BMJ Open
Family Forest Owner Characteristics Shaped by Life Cycle, Cohort, and Period Effects | US Forest Service Research and...
Family Forest Owner Characteristics Shaped by Life Cycle, Cohort, and Period Effects. Formally Refereed ... 2017.Family Forest Owner Characteristics Shaped by Life Cycle, Cohort, and Period Effects. Small-scale Forestry. 16(1): 1-18. ... This study assesses similarities and differences in landowners by analyzing life cycle effects, cohort differences, and period- ... Family Forest Owner Characteristics Shaped by Life Cycle, Cohort, and Period Effects ...
How does engagement in society in adolescence affect educational attainment and employment in early adulthood: A prospective...
Method A cohort of Danish young people born in 1989 was followed in a prospective study with questionnaires in 2004 (n = 3,054 ... Data was collected as part of the VestLiv Cohort, an ongoing longitudinal Danish cohort study following a complete regional ... This affects both the quality of life of the young adults and the equity and cohesion of society as a whole [7, 8, 10]. Lost ... A cohort of Danish young people born in 1989 was followed in a prospective study with questionnaires in 2004 (n = 3,054) and ...
Figure 1 - Retrospective Cohort Study of Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Tuberculosis Notifications, Vietnam, 2020 - Volume...
Age, period and cohort effects on the incidence of motorcyclist casualties in traffic crashes | Injury Prevention
A) Age effects after adjusting for cohort and period effects. (B) Period effect after adjusting for age and cohort effects. (C ... We thus assumed these three cohorts have the same level of effect equal to the average effect of the four nearest cohorts. ... period and cohort all have significant independent effects. The selection of the period effect has a significant effect on ... We thus assumed that these three cohorts have the same level of effect that is equal to the average effect of the four nearest ...
Talk:2080: Cohort and Age Effects - explain xkcd
WHO EMRO | Effect of breastfeeding on cognitive performance in a British birth cohort | Volume 16, issue 2 | EMHJ volume 16,...
Structural equation modelling was carried out on follow-up data from a national birth cohort of 5362 children born in 1 week of ... Path analysis showed that breastfeeding may have an effect even into adult life. The chain of path coefficients from ... This cohort study investigated the effect of early life nutrition on later performance in developmental milestones and ... This was a longitudinal cohort study using follow-up data from the 1946 British birth cohort. The cohort originally included ...
Age, Period of Death and Birth Cohort Effects on Suicide Mortality in Italy, 1955-1979 - Centre for Suicide Prevention
Age, Period of Death and Birth Cohort Effects on Suicide Mortality in Italy, 1955-1979 Vecchia C L~~et al ... Age, Period of Death and Birth Cohort Effects on Suicide Mortality in Italy, 1955-1979 ... through a log-linear Poisson model to isolate the effects of age, birth cohort & calendar period. Death statistics were ...
Long-term effects of severe acute malnutrition on lung function in Malawian children: a cohort study | European Respiratory...
Long-term effects of severe acute malnutrition on lung function in Malawian children: a cohort study. Natasha Lelijveld, Marko ... Long-term Effects of Severe Acute Malnutrition on Growth, Body Composition and Function; A Prospective Cohort Study in Malawi. ... Long-term effects of severe acute malnutrition on lung function in Malawian children: a cohort study ... Long-term effects of severe acute malnutrition on lung function in Malawian children: a cohort study ...
Positionally cloned genes and age-specific effects in asthma and atopy: an international population-based cohort study (ECRHS) ...
Determinants of adherence and effects on health-related quality of life after myocardial infarction: a prospective cohort study
Logistic mixed effects models and OLS (ordinary least squares) were used to analyze the effect of recommendations on the ... Thus, reasons for non-adherence and effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) should be fully understood. The objective ... "side effects" (38%;7%), "the problem disappeared" (6%;13%), and "barriers" (0%;13%). The probability of adherence was lowest ... Only if patients diverging from prescribed medication because of side effects were also considered as adherent, 3-year ...
Out now: Long-Term Dynamics of Voluntary Engagement: Differentiating Social Structural from Cohort and Period Effects •...
Moreover, cohort effects were rendered almost negligible once we factored in periods. Taken together, our results suggest that ... Out now: Long-Term Dynamics of Voluntary Engagement: Differentiating Social Structural from Cohort and Period Effects. Jannes ... Out now: Long-Term Dynamics of Voluntary Engagement: Differentiating Social Structural from Cohort and Period Effects ... maintained their predictive effects for engagement, irrespective of cohort or period. The only notable exception was that the ...
Disability outcome measures in therapeutic trials of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: effects of heterogeneity of...
... effects of heterogeneity of disease course in placebo cohorts ... effects of heterogeneity of disease course in placebo cohorts ... For the total cohort, the mean baseline and final EDSS were 2.42 (SD 1.24) and 2.81 (SD 1.76) respectively (p,0.0001). The mean ... 1993) Prognostic factors in a multiple sclerosis incidence cohort with 25 years of follow-up. Brain 116:117-134. ... RESULTS The average increase in disability for the entire cohort as assessed by mean 2 year EDSS change (,0.5 EDSS point) or ...
Does dietary intake affect age at natural menopause in the UK Women's Cohort Study? - White Rose Research Online
1 more author) (2017) Does dietary intake affect age at natural menopause in the UK Womens Cohort Study? In: Proceedings of ... Does dietary intake affect age at natural menopause in the UK Womens Cohort Study? ... Filename: Does dietary intake affect age at natural menopause in the UK Women abstract 2017.pdf ...
Effect of initial infusion rates of fluid resuscitation on outcomes in patients with septic shock: a historical cohort study |...
The cohort was divided into four groups based on the average fluid rate (group 1 ≥ 0.5, group 2 0.25-0.49, group 3 0.17-0.24, ... From: Effect of initial infusion rates of fluid resuscitation on outcomes in patients with septic shock: a historical cohort ... Unadjusted models contain just fluid resuscitation rate adjusted models are additionally adjusted for the effects of age, ...
Indomethacin and heterotopic ossification in acetabular fractures: A prospective cohort study of the effect indomethacin has on...
Early decline of androgen levels in healthy adult men: an effect of aging per se? A prospective cohort study - Minerva...
A prospective cohort study - Minerva Endocrinology 2022 September;47(3):374-5 - Minerva Medica - Journals ... Early decline of androgen levels in healthy adult men: an effect of aging per se? A prospective cohort study. Rossella ... an effect of aging per se? A prospective cohort study. Minerva Endocrinol 2022;47:374-5. DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6507.21.03600-9 ...
Patient and service-level factors affecting length of inpatient stay in an acute mental health service: a retrospective case...
Effect of antenatal depression on maternal dietary intake and neonatal outcome: a prospective cohort | Nutrition Journal | Full...
A hospital-based, prospective cohort study was conducted on 94 middle class antenatal attendees coming to a tertiary care ... Exposure group was identified by Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and cohort members were followed till after ... From: Effect of antenatal depression on maternal dietary intake and neonatal outcome: a prospective cohort ...
The effect of liposomal bupivacaine injection during total hip arthroplasty: a controlled cohort study | BMC Musculoskeletal...
The effect of liposomal bupivacaine injection during total hip arthroplasty: a controlled cohort study. *Benjamin G Domb. 1,2, ... The effect of liposomal bupivacaine injection during total hip arthroplasty: a controlled cohort study ... Table 1 Cohort demographic breakdown for gender, age and surgical mode between patients in the study and control groups Full ... Domb, B.G., Gupta, A., Hammarstedt, J.E. et al. The effect of liposomal bupivacaine injection during total hip arthroplasty: a ...
Addiction Journal › The interactive effects of perceived peer drinking and personality profiles on adolescent drinking: a...
Age, period and cohort effects and the predictors of physical activity and sedentary behaviour among Chinese children, from...
Age, period and cohort effects analyses for PA and SB of children (6-17 y, n = 3528) was conducted to explicitly ... period effects, and implicitly assess differences by cohorts due to the period-specific experiences across individuals of ... Controlling for age effects, marginal period effects on PA were observed in some survey years. Higher levels of urbanisation ... We used data from a cohort study of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) between 2004 and 2011 (2004, 2006, 2009 and ...
Determinants of adherence and effects on health-related quality of life after myocardial infarction: a prospective cohort study...
Logistic mixed effects models and OLS (ordinary least squares) were used to analyze the effect of recommendations on the ... Thus, reasons for non-adherence and effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) should be fully understood. The objective ... It represents the effect of getting adherent. A random effect controls for the individual variance of this effect. Because of ... Table 2 Generalized logistic mixed effects model - the effect of recommendation types and urgency on adherence. Full size table ...
Descripción: Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin...
Lucky Women in Unlucky Cohorts : Gender Differences in the Effects of Initial Labor Market Conditions in Latin America This ... We also find that women from unlucky cohorts control a larger share of family income and are more likely to be the head of ... We find that men who faced higher unemployment rates at ages 18-20 suffer a negative effect on employment at ages 27-30. In ... This paper assesses gender differences in the effects of adverse conditions at labormarket entry in a developing region. Using ...
HLA correlates in a cohort of slow progressors from China: Effects on HIV-1 disease progression - Nuffield Department of...
We hypothesize that the protective effect of HLA alleles may have been lost over time. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health , ... No statistically significant allelic differences were found between the HIVRand control cohorts using regression analysis, ... We looked at our HIVRslow progressors cohort to determine if there were any human leukocyte antigen (HLA) correlates for ... HLA correlates in a cohort of slow progressors from China: Effects on HIV-1 disease progression ...
Effect of under-nutrition during pregnancy on low birth weight in Tigray regional state, Ethiopia; a prospective cohort study |...
However, there is no longitudinal-based evidence on the effect of under-nutrition during pregnancy on birth weight in Tigray ... Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the effect of under-nutrition during pregnancy on low birth weight in Tigray ... We conducted a prospective cohort study among consecutively selected 540 pregnant women attending antenatal care in hospitals ... Under-nutrition during pregnancy affects birth outcomes and neonatal outcomes. Worldwide, 20.5 million children were low birth ...
Implications of value co-creation in green hotels: the Moderating Effect of Trip Purpose and Generational Cohort
... Show full ... Implications of value co-creation in green hotels: the Moderating Effect of Trip Purpose and Generational Cohort. DSpace ... The Moderating Effect of Trip Purpose and Generational Cohort. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):9866.. ... The results of this study reveal that guest participation in the hotels process of value co-creation positively affects guests ...
StudyProspective cohortMortality2022Retrospective cohortDifferencesAssessMethodsStudiesDataPatientsBirthSubstantiallyExposureDevelopmental2018Survival2021StructuralIncidenceAnalysesBehaviorsAcuteSocietalFactorsExtrapolationSuccessiveExposuresLargePredictorsChildrenEvidenceDiabeticAdultDiseaseFindings2020Disentangle ageVitamin D supplementationPeriodSeverityModelsVariantsRiskAnalysisCentreOnset
- However, studies with longer follow-up after frenotomy are needed to study whether these effects are persistent. (springer.com)
- Healthy migrant effect in the Swedish context: a register-based, longitudinal cohort study. (bmj.com)
- This study assesses similarities and differences in landowners by analyzing life cycle effects, cohort differences, and period-specific events that shape people's attitudes and behaviors towards their forestland over time. (usda.gov)
- A cohort of Danish young people born in 1989 was followed in a prospective study with questionnaires in 2004 (n = 3,054) and 2007 (n = 2,400) where information on leisure time activities and part-time work was collected. (plos.org)
- Just-Noerregaard V, Andersen JH, Nohr EA, Vestergaard JM, Winding TN (2021) How does engagement in society in adolescence affect educational attainment and employment in early adulthood: A prospective cohort study. (plos.org)
- This study was funded by The Rockwool Foundation https://www.rockwoolfonden.dk/en/ . (plos.org)
- This cohort study investigated the effect of early life nutrition on later performance in developmental milestones and cognitive tests. (who.int)
- METHODS Disability data from the placebo cohorts of two large phase III studies, the United States glatiramer acetate trial (Copolymer 1 Multiple Sclerosis Study Group) and the multinational interferon β-1a trial (PRISMS Study Group) were combined and masked (n=313). (bmj.com)
- Does dietary intake affect age at natural menopause in the UK Women's Cohort Study? (whiterose.ac.uk)
- Comparative study of the effects of radiation, indomethacin, prednisolone, and ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate in the prevention of ectopic bone formation. (scielo.org.za)
- We used data from a cohort study of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) between 2004 and 2011 (2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011). (biomedcentral.com)
- This longitudinal study followed a large cohort of children over a significant period of their childhood. (biomedcentral.com)
- RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study was conducted using a prospective cohort of individuals with type 2 diabetes participating in the Go-DARTS (Genetics of Diabetes Audit and Research in Tayside Scotland) study, which includes genetic and clinical information of patients with diabetes within the Tayside region of Scotland, U.K. The above-mentioned inflammatory SNPs were investigated in 2,182 Go-DARTS participants. (dundee.ac.uk)
- CONCLUSIONS This large prospective cohort study provides evidence that SNPs of genes encoding prototypical inflammatory molecules may be used to create multigenic models that predict stroke risk in subjects with type 2 diabetes. (dundee.ac.uk)
- Retrospective cohort study with linked hospital data. (nih.gov)
- 17 285 women in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales giving birth to singletons included in wave 1 of the UK Millennium Cohort Study. (nih.gov)
- Thus, we conducted a prospective cohort study to explore this complex association. (frontiersin.org)
- Age-cohort models are thus the canonical framework for the study of age-differentiated outcomes over time. (taylorfrancis.com)
- The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of nutraceuticals containing multiple supplemental facts (Virherbe®/Rekupros®) on sexual satisfaction and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in young-old men. (unical.it)
- The Health Effects of Underground Workspaces (HEUW) study is a cohort study that was set up to examine the health effects of working in underground workspaces. (e-epih.org)
- The findings this study will help to identify modifiable lifestyle and environmental parameters that are negatively affecting workers' health. (e-epih.org)
- We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study using ICES data. (cmajopen.ca)
- NB: The public health protection of households participating in this more intensive monitoring overrides research issues: if on-site inspections demonstrate an imminent hazard situation or if urinary PNP results indicate overexposure in the course of data collection, the usual relocation interventions must be put into effect, regardless of the impact on the study. (cdc.gov)
- In April 2021, Jo Carlowe a freelance journalist (who specialises in psychology) conducted a podcast interview with ACAMH discussing the findings of the doctors and looking into their study of the pandemic's broader effects on young people's mental health and well-being. (surreytherapypractice.com)
- This study used data from the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study , Brazil , to estimate the controlled direct effect of early- life socioeconomic position (SEP) on periodontitis at age 31 years, controlling for adulthood income and education , smoking , and dental hygiene . (bvsalud.org)
- IMSEAR at SEARO: Effect of Inclusion of Hepatitis B Vaccine in Childhood Immunization Program in India: A Retrospective Cohort Study. (who.int)
- Scientists, designers, and artists will be able to study the effects of prolonged microgravity, on-station radiation, and launch loads on experiments ranging from self-assembling architecture to biological pigments. (mit.edu)
- Severe flare as a predictor of poor outcome in ankylosing spondylitis: a cohort study using questionnaire and routine data linkage by: Helen Davies, et al. (swan.ac.uk)
- No Increased Rate of Acute Myocardial Infarction or Stroke Among Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis-A Retrospective Cohort Study Using Routine Data by: Sinead Brophy, et al. (swan.ac.uk)
- Conclusions This large multidatabase cohort study found no difference in composite SI risk in patients with RA initiating TCZ versus TNFi after failing ≥1 biologic drug or tofacitinib. (bmj.com)
- Design Retrospective cohort study evaluating overall and cancer mortality in relation to immunosuppressive drug exposure among patients with ocular inflammatory diseases. (bmj.com)
- The authors conducted the present study to evaluate the shape of exposure-response associations between different exposure metrics and lung cancer in this cohort, considering potential confounders (race, plant, professional and short-term work status, and exposure to other lung carcinogens). (bmj.com)
- 2 3 Epidemiological evidence for the carcinogenicity of beryllium derives largely from studies within a pooled cohort of male workers 4 5 at seven US beryllium processing plants, and a nested case-control study of lung cancer at one of the plants. (bmj.com)
- 5 Although smoking data were available for only a subset (25%) of cohort members, the positive exposure-response associations observed in that study showed little evidence of confounding by smoking, as measured by indirect methods. (bmj.com)
- Factors affecting the recurrence in patients with venous thromboembolism: A retrospective cohort study. (nih.gov)
- The purpose of this pilot study in Turkey was to determine the effects of a health promotion course on enhancement of self-care agency and health-promoting behaviours of University of Kocaeli students. (who.int)
- The aim of this study was to assess the effect of age on tooth colour and to record the range of tooth colour in patients in Baghdad, Iraq. (who.int)
- A longitudinal study of four phases was conducted to identify the effect of an educational film on the Health Belief Model and breast self-examination practice of second-year nursing students in Alexandria University. (who.int)
- We evaluated the performance of two general population JEM (CONSTANCES and O*NET) to detect known exposure-disease relationships in an American prospective cohort study. (cdc.gov)
- As part of an ongoing study of health effects in a pooled cohort of gaseous diffusion plant workers, organ dose from internal exposure to uranium was evaluated. (cdc.gov)
- The study , The Effects of the Inverted Classroom Approach: Student Behaviours , Perceptions and Learning Outcomes , also found a positive impact on students' analytic problem-solving capabilities. (heqco.ca)
- Mechanisms underlying this effect require further study. (ices.on.ca)
- We do know that in the short term, certain chemicals at work - solvents - are known to affect cognitive health, but there isn't a lot done that has looked at the long-term impact on cognitive function, particularly after people retire," said Erika Sabbath, of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, who led the study. (yahoo.com)
- The researchers used information from the GAZEL cohort - a large study made up of workers with the French national utility company - that began in 1989. (yahoo.com)
- A cohort study of a levonorgestrel implant : side effects and acceptance / by Noor Pramono. (who.int)
- Resveratrol reverses TGF-β1-mediated invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells via the SIRT3/AMPK/autophagy signal axis - Phytother Res 2022 Sep 9 - 'Taken together, our study provided novel insight into the anticancer effects of Resv and revealed that targeting the SIRT3/AMPK/autophagy pathway can serve as a new therapeutic target against breast cancer' - See resveratrol products at Amazon.com . (qualitycounts.com)
- Why is the Born in Bradford cohort study important for child health? (docjohnwright.org)
- A retrospective cohort study from England and Wales. (bvsalud.org)
- Conclusions: This investigation is to the authors' knowledge the first to implement mixed-effects modeling to study the utility of common comorbidity indices in a large, nationwide cohort of patients undergoing pituitary surgery. (caltech.edu)
- The objective of this study is to identify the effect of black cumin on the volume of breast milk. (poltekeskupang.ac.id)
- Effect of antenatal depression on the initiation of breastfeeding in South Gondar zone, Northwest Ethiopia: A population-based prospective cohort study. (poltekeskupang.ac.id)
- The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of health-risk behaviors, alone and in combination, on health outcomes. (e-epih.org)
- This study used sample cohort data provided by the National Health Insurance Service focusing on the use of hospital services, direct medical expenses, length of stay, and re-entry rate according to health-risk behaviors. (e-epih.org)
- A previous study developed a theoretical model for health-risk behaviors, and empirical studies have been published on the effects of health-risk behaviors, as well as their causes, consequences, and policies to reduce them [ 5 ]. (e-epih.org)
- The objective of the study was to investigate cartonectin levels and regulation in sera and adipose tissue (AT) as well as the effects of metformin of women with PCOS and control subjects. (webpediatrica.com)
- Developing a company-specific job exposure matrix for the Asbest Chrysotile Cohort Study. (who.int)
- Treatment guideline concordance, initiation, and abandonment in patients with non-metastatic breast cancer from the African Breast Cancer-Disparities in Outcomes (ABC-DO) cohort in sub-Saharan Africa: a prospective cohort study. (who.int)
- The goal of the SEMI-NUC project (Prospective cohort study of residents near the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site - feasibility assessment) is to assess the feasibility of establishing a long-term, prospective cohort to study the health effects of low and moderate radiation exposures that resulted from the testing of nuclear weapons at the SNTS. (who.int)
- Here we tested the ability of this multigenic model to predict stroke risk in a large population-based prospective cohort of subjects with type 2 diabetes. (dundee.ac.uk)
- Overall and cancer mortality in relation to use or non-use of immunosuppressive drugs within the cohort was studied with survival analysis. (bmj.com)
- While long-term exposure to air pollutants is associated with an increase in heart diseases and mortality, little information is available about the short-term effects of air pollution. (who.int)
- Effect measures are changes in incidence of and/or mortality from cervical cancer. (who.int)
- 5] Risk factors for the development of and mortality global y, annual y affecting ~3 million children. (who.int)
- In June 2022, 17-member EMT that were trained by the EMT centre were deployed to Gode, a town in the Somali Regional State, for the team's first mission to provide clinical care to people affected by drought, and to support the local health system. (who.int)
- State Ed will be releasing the 2018 Cohort Graduation data shortly, kids who graduated in June/August 2022. (wordpress.com)
- Level III, retrospective cohort design. (arthroscopyjournal.org)
- To assess the effects of cholera infection, establishment of a specialized CTC, and the new rehydration protocol, the authors conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of pregnant women with suspected cholera admitted to MSF's CTC during September 1, 2011 through December 31, 2014. (cdc.gov)
- We used a 2-step generalized least-squares method to assess the dose-response association of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and hypertension and a fixed-effects model to pool the weighted mean differences (WMDs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of blood pressure across RCTs. (cdc.gov)
- These apparent discrepancies could be due to differences in the clinical end points employed, the behaviour of placebo cohorts, or both. (bmj.com)
- Age, period and cohort effects analyses for PA and SB of children (6-17 y, n = 3528) was conducted to explicitly assess differences in PA and SB due to age vs. period effects, and implicitly assess differences by cohorts due to the period-specific experiences across individuals of varying ages. (biomedcentral.com)
- This paper assesses gender differences in the effects of adverse conditions at labormarket entry in a developing region. (siu.edu.ar)
- Period-specific events give rise to effects that can just as usefully be interpreted in terms of differences between cohorts. (taylorfrancis.com)
- Integrating 2002 and 2017 data, we examine overall patterns and gender differences in job mobility, tenure and promotion, and university prestige level among non-emeritus 2002 faculty, controlling for cohort effects. (politicalsciencenow.com)
- Consequently, cohort affiliation and environmental forces, i.e. period effects, can explain differences in death rates in different firm populations. (ratio.se)
- Note: The NOAEL/BMDL (or, in some cases lowest observed adverse effect level) are used in this analysis, NOT the agency RfD or MRL, because of differences in purpose and dose adjustments. (cdc.gov)
- There were no statistically significant differences between the two cohorts in conceptual understanding of course material and only a slight improvement in final grades for the inverted classroom cohort. (heqco.ca)
- Objective To test the hypothesis that rs573116164 will have disease-modifying effects in patients with superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS), we characterized rs573116164 within a cohort of 190 patients with fALS and 560 healthy age-matched controls to assess the variant for association with various measures of disease. (edu.au)
- RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-We conducted a 14-cohort meta-analysis to assess the interaction of 20 genetic variants known to be related to glycemic traits and zinc metabolism with dietary zinc intake (food sources) and a 5-cohort meta-analysis to assess the interaction with total zinc intake (food sources and supplements) on fasting glucose levels among individuals of European ancestry without diabetes. (eur.nl)
- A regression-based approach was used to assess the controlled direct effect of early- life SEP on periodontitis . (bvsalud.org)
- Methods Age-period-cohort (APC) modelling was used to estimate the individual effects of age, period and cohort after adjusting for the other two factors. (bmj.com)
- Trends in death rates from all suicides & specific methods of suicide in Italy over the period 1955-79 were analysed on the basis of age-specific & age-standardized rates, & through a log-linear Poisson model to isolate the effects of age, birth cohort & calendar period. (suicideinfo.ca)
- Methods Using a previously described bioinformatics evaluation algorithm, a polymorphic short structural variant associated with SOD1 was identified according to its theoretical effect on gene expression. (edu.au)
- The effects of vitamin D on hypertension risk and blood pressure have been explored widely in cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs), but whether the association is causal still is unknown. (cdc.gov)
- We performed an update meta-analysis of both cohort studies and RCTs in a generally heathy population and found that the dose-response relationship between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and hypertension risk was approximately L-shaped. (cdc.gov)
- We searched PubMed and Embase for relevant cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). (cdc.gov)
- Very few studies have explored the effects of age, time period, and cohort in association with biological, behavioral, economic, and environmental factors predictors on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) among Chinese children. (biomedcentral.com)
- Conclusions The findings in this fALS cohort suggest that rs573116164 could have SOD1-independent and broader relevance in ALS, warranting further investigation in other fALS and sporadic ALS cohorts, as well as studies of functional effects of the 18T variant on gene expression. (edu.au)
- These studies suggested that the influence of smoking and alcohol consumption contributed to marked changes in the cohort-effect curvature 15 . (nature.com)
- Beryllium has been designated a known human carcinogen based upon human and animal studies of lung cancer, including recent follow-up of a cohort of US beryllium-processing workers. (bmj.com)
- Now in their fifth year, we assessed the effect of dental studies on students' oral health practices and dental health. (who.int)
- Several studies have observed a possible modulatory effect of vitamin D or its analogues on the expression of different hormone receptors in breast cancer and increased sensitivity to tamoxifen. (qualitycounts.com)
- Some immunological studies have reported heterologous effects of vaccines on antibody responses. (technet-21.org)
- OEL shows a higher malignant transformation potential than homogeneous leukoplakia, 2-4 which can be partially demonstrated by histological and immunohistochemical examinations and cohort studies. (bvsalud.org)
- Although observational data have demonstrated that poor vitamin D status is associated with increased risk of hypertension (6-9), randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have provided little support for the beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure (10-13). (cdc.gov)
- Using data collected by the U.S. Forest Service's 2013 National Woodland Owner Survey, bivariate, random forest and classification tree analyses were used to examine landowners in terms of demographic cohorts. (usda.gov)
- Structural equation modelling was carried out on follow-up data from a national birth cohort of 5362 children born in 1 week of 1946 in Britain. (who.int)
- Using data from a large German household panel survey that assessed engagement almost annually across four decades, we found that most social structural factors (e.g., education, employment, income) maintained their predictive effects for engagement, irrespective of cohort or period. (fu-berlin.de)
- 6-8 Data from relatively short trials of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis are undoubtedly difficult to analyse and interpret, as many clinical exacerbations, although disabling, may be reversible and the accumulation of fixed neurological dysfunction across a representative cohort may take many years. (bmj.com)
- Chronological age is the time elapsed between birth (cohort) and observation (period), so for data arrayed by age × time there is no way to identify simultaneously the linear elements of age, period and cohort, absent some restriction on the model. (taylorfrancis.com)
- The association of the data structure with a set of challenges and strictures from statistics and mathematics has had the unfortunate consequence of causing us to overlook what the basic identity A ≡ P - C is telling us about how we should be thinking about age, period and cohort as explanatory concepts. (taylorfrancis.com)
- Using updated data from 2002 and 2017 on the political science discipline, we show how the cohort and gender composition of US PhD-granting departments has changed dramatically over time. (politicalsciencenow.com)
- The toxicity information for some of the health effects listed above may be categorical in nature (presence/absence of genotoxicity or skin irritation, for example) while other outcomes are expressed through quantitative information and/or potency data. (cdc.gov)
- Research Design - A retrospective, propensity score-matched cohort analysis of linked population-based health administrative data was carried out. (ices.on.ca)
- Using effect sizes computed from data reported in Paunonen (2006), a minimum sample of n = 322 participants was expected to provide sufficient power (80%) to detect the effects of interest. (researchgate.net)
- Earlier this year, the Department of Education reported that the national cohort default rate was 7 percent for the 2008 fiscal year, the last year for which repayment data are available. (articlesfactory.com)
- Only if patients diverging from prescribed medication because of side effects were also considered as adherent, 3-year medication adherence was associated with a significant gain of 0.34 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). (uni-muenchen.de)
- An age effect on chewing ability implies that there are changes in oral health as a result of accumulated physiological changes over time-for example, the effects of aging on periodontal tissues based on molecular changes in periodontal cells which intensify bone loss in elderly patients with periodontitis 26 . (nature.com)
- None of the PROMIS measures suffered from ceiling effects, whereas the CHAQ Disability Index (DI) and pain visual analog scales both did, with 50% and 20% of patients achieving the best possible scores, respectively. (jrheum.org)
- The PROMIS pain interference, mobility, and physical activity measures improve in some areas where the CHAQ is weak: they do not suffer from ceiling effects, and patients prefer the PROMIS tools. (jrheum.org)
- These include poor correlation to disease activity (as measured by the Disease Activity Score [DAS] for patients with JDM 6 and the Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score [JADAS] for patients with JIA 7 ) during low disease activity, poor correlation to physician global assessments, poor responses to changes in disease activity, and a marked ceiling effect. (jrheum.org)
- Vitamin D possesses anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects in patients with breast cancer, and the mechanism of action of vitamin D in patients with breast cancer is discussed' - See vitamin D at Amazon.com . (qualitycounts.com)
- These beneficial effects are slight but significative, bearing in mind the general worsening that CF patients experience annually. (imrpress.com)
- Patients affected by COVID-19 are at between countries and organizations. (who.int)
- To explore this problem we have compared two cohorts of diabetic patients from very different parts of Africa - rural KwazuluNatal in South Africa, and Mekelle District in northern Ethiopia. (bvsalud.org)
- Further research is needed to examine the causal pathways through which social inequalities affect preterm birth. (nih.gov)
- The Controlled Direct Effect of Early-Life Socioeconomic Position on Periodontitis in a Birth Cohort. (bvsalud.org)
- 0.0001) exposure, adjusting for age, birth cohort and plant, and for cumulative (p=0.0017) beryllium exposure, adjusting for these factors plus short-term work status and exposure to asbestos. (bmj.com)
- It investigates the life spans of nearly 2,200 firms in seven birth cohorts of Swedish joint-stock companies, founded during seven separate years between 1899 and 1950. (ratio.se)
- Effect of an etiological exposure or medical or societal intervention that affects differ- ently persons born in successive birth cohorts. (who.int)
- Variation in health status arising from different causal factors to which each birth cohort in a population is exposed as environment and society change. (bvsalud.org)
- Results After adjusting for cohort and period effects, 15-19-year-olds have substantially elevated risk. (bmj.com)
- The only notable exception was that the gender gap observed has narrowed substantially across periods and cohorts. (fu-berlin.de)
- Although overall health care requirements increase as the size and mean age of the population increase, these effects are mitigated substantially by cohort trends in health. (ahes.org.au)
- Members of affected households will be faced with difficult decisions regarding the risks of MP exposure and costs and benefits of alternative interventions. (cdc.gov)
- The effects of combined dermal exposures to MP and PNP, as well as combined exposure to MP and other pesticides identified in the field, should be investigated in a relevant animal model (pig, monkey, hairless guinea pig). (cdc.gov)
- The authors recently reported updated associations between lung cancer and beryllium exposure in a large, pooled occupational cohort. (bmj.com)
- When we looked at those where the exposure happened a long time ago, 30 to 50 years before, we found that the effects of solvents on cognitive function didn't necessarily fade away," she said. (yahoo.com)
- The theory of age effects is usually developmental and longitudinal, hence within cohorts, not cross-sectional. (taylorfrancis.com)
- Cohort effects in developmental psychology. (bvsalud.org)
- We sought to disentangle age, period, and cohort effects in chewing ability between 2007 and 2018. (nature.com)
- Se incluyeron las muertes por agresiones, cuyo lugar de ocurrencia fue el hogar, en 2018, en Pernambuco, en ambos sexos y en todos los grupos de edad. (bvsalud.org)
- An 12-18 poly-T repeat (rs573116164) within the 3′ untranslated region of serine and arginine rich proteins-related carboxy terminal domain associated factor 4 (SCAF4), a gene that is adjacent to SOD1, was assessed for disease association and influence on survival and age at onset in an fALS cohort using PCR, Sanger sequencing, and capillary separation techniques for allele detection. (edu.au)
- Context Whether immunosuppressive treatment adversely affects survival is unclear. (bmj.com)
- Employing a cohort approach, it relates firm survival to firm age and size, as well as to the effect of cohort affiliation and environmental change over time (period effects). (ratio.se)
- Does time taken by paediatric critical care transport teams to reach the bedside of critically ill children affect survival? (bvsalud.org)
- The 2020 and 2021 exemptions will affect the graduation rates for future cohorts of students as well. (wordpress.com)
- I've kept my editor appraised of things and (here we knock on wood) it shouldn't have any effect on when the new book comes out in 2021. (scalzi.com)
- Their favorable population structure facilitates the discovery of functional genetic variation including some interesting non-coding structural variants with regulatory effects [ 10 - 15 ]. (plos.org)
- Objectives (1) Estimate age, period and cohort effects for motorcyclist traffic casualties 1979-2008 in New Zealand and (2) forecast the incidence of New Zealand motorcycle traffic casualties for the period 2019-2023 assuming future age, cohort and period effects, and compare these with an estimate based on simple linear extrapolation. (bmj.com)
- The effect of vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure has been explored in previous meta-analyses, but whether the association is causal in the general population is still unknown. (cdc.gov)
- Some attitudes and behaviors of family forest owners were identified as being a result of life cycle (e.g., recreating on their wooded land, plans to transfer land in the next 5 years), cohort (e.g., education level, help with programs or policies), and period (e.g., wars, economic depressions changing attitudes or behaviors) effects. (usda.gov)
- While many of the attitudes and behaviors are common across cohorts. (usda.gov)
- Secular changes in oral health behaviors (such as regular brushing, use of fluoridated toothpaste) as well as changes in dental practices may result in cohort effects on oral health outcomes over time (i.e., dental care utilization and number of remaining teeth) 17 . (nature.com)
- In the latter case, clearly specified quantitative benchmarks, such as median lethal doses (LD50s) for acute toxicity and no- observed-adverse-effect levels (NOAELs), or equivalent point of departure such as benchmark dose lower confidence limit (BMDL), for STOT-RE, are used. (cdc.gov)
- Taken together, our results suggest that individual characteristics and extraordinary events are the main factors influencing voluntary engagement rather than shared societal experiences of cohorts. (fu-berlin.de)
- Which period-effect scenario readers choose to accept depends on their views about a wide range of factors which might influence motorcycle use and crash risk over time. (bmj.com)
- Additionally, a range of uncertainty factors were considered for deriving OELs that correspond to each band, including interspecies extrapolation, human variability, and severity of effects. (cdc.gov)
- Factors affecting postoperative retear were examined with multivariate analysis. (arthroscopyjournal.org)
- An analysis of combinations of health risk factors showed obesity had the largest effect. (e-epih.org)
- From the standpoint of extrapolation, the nonlinear terms associated with cohort have a value that the nonlinear terms associated with period do not. (taylorfrancis.com)
- APC analysis revealed three trends in chewing difficulty: (1) there was an increase in chewing difficulty starting at around 60 years of age (age effect), (2) there was a steady decrease in chewing difficulty during the observation period (period effect), and (3) chewing ability improved with each successive generation born after 1951 (cohort effect). (nature.com)
- Oral health is affected by exposures throughout the entire life course, beginning in the prenatal period, and is strongly socially patterned 10 . (nature.com)
- In the evaluation of dose response, these radionuclide exposures could confound the effect of internal uranium. (cdc.gov)
- The numerical cut points defining each OEB reflect the spectrum of possible outcomes, from little or no adverse effects (band A) through highly toxic/lethal at low exposures (band E). (cdc.gov)
- Cancer risk in a large inception SLE cohort: Effects of demographics, smoking, and medications. (cdc.gov)
- As the U.S. Department of Education considers linking colleges' and universities' eligibility for federal student financial aid to the school's student loan repayment rate, some analysts are looking at just how large the student loan default problem is and what might happen if new student loan repayment rules take effect in 2012 as expected. (articlesfactory.com)
- Five sets of generalized linear mixed-effects models were developed, using as the primary predictors 1) frailty, 2) CCI, 3) ECI, 4) frailty + CCI, or 5) frailty + ECI. (caltech.edu)
- Relationships were also vastly affected, with the percentage of children having no contact with friends (in person or online) rising to 14% in the lockdown period from just 3% the previous year. (surreytherapypractice.com)
- Design: Serological survey of retrospective cohorts of children, vaccinated or not vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine. (who.int)
- Weak evidence of a difference in effect of severe dehydration and postadmission fetal death between TGs was potentially due to a lower rate among severely dehydrated women in TG2. (cdc.gov)
- Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles by Nigella sativa extract alleviates diabetic neuropathy through anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. (poltekeskupang.ac.id)
- Path analysis showed that breastfeeding may have an effect even into adult life. (who.int)
- Early decline of androgen levels in healthy adult men: an effect of aging per se? (minervamedica.it)
- Cannarella R, Calogero AE, Condorelli RA, Greco EA, Aversa A, La Vignera S. Early decline of androgen levels in healthy adult men: an effect of aging per se? (minervamedica.it)
- p = 0.014), but did not affect age at onset of disease. (edu.au)
- Chewing ability is associated with the number of teeth affected by dental caries, periodontal disease, and inadequate access to dental care. (nature.com)
- Notions of borrowing strength through spatial random effects are a major feature of the Bayesian disease mapping approach for area disease counts (Kang et al. (springer.com)
- The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ), though widely used for assessments in pediatric rheumatology, has drawbacks, including low correlation to disease activity and ceiling effects. (jrheum.org)
- These limitations might affect its effectiveness as a tool to evaluate patient-reported disease activity over time. (jrheum.org)
- Robust disease surveillance is a cornerstone of global health efforts that range from detecting emerging pathogens and epidemics to the control or elimination of vaccine-preventable diseases, HIV, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) ( http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/9789241564540/en/ ) ( 2 - 4 ). (cdc.gov)
- IPF (n=117), FIP (n=54), iNSIP (n=34), NSIP secondary to connective tissue disease (NSIP_CTD, n=32) and a healthy subjects cohort (n=249) were genotyped for MUC5B rs35705950. (ersjournals.com)
- The possible side effects of the original date of this disease, alongside efforts to respond to COVID-19, including the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine (BNT162b2) (including a potential booster dose elicited a strong anamnestic response yielding a 2. (beautivision.com)
- The findings may be used to guide the development of more health-promoting workspaces that attempt to negate any potential deleterious health effects from working in underground workspaces. (e-epih.org)
- Among research findings , there was significant improvement in quiz scores and student confidence in analytic problem-solving capabilities for the inverted classroom cohort , 70% of whom said they were satisfied with their level of interaction with faculty during class. (heqco.ca)
- También tenga en cuenta que el género Lactobacillus se dividió en 25 géneros diferentes en abril de 2020. (medlineplus.gov)
- Age-Cohort-Period models were then estimated in order to disentangle age and generation effects. (hal.science)
Vitamin D supplementation1
- For the subanalysis on bone health, LeBoff and colleagues investigated the effects of high-dose vitamin D supplementation on BMD among 771 VITAL participants in New England, including 46.7% women and 53.2% men who were taking no bone active medications. (medscape.com)
- Forecasting was produced for three period-effect scenarios. (bmj.com)
- The period effect reduced in significance over time until the last period, 2004-2008, where the risk was higher than the preceding period. (bmj.com)
- Conclusion Trends in motorcycle casualties have been influenced by significant independent age, period and cohort effects. (bmj.com)
- The selection of the period effect has a significant impact on the estimates. (bmj.com)
- Controlling for age effects, marginal period effects on PA were observed in some survey years. (biomedcentral.com)
- Regarding recent improvements in chewing ability, cohort effects were somewhat more important than period effects. (nature.com)
- Dental insurance typically has a period effect, i.e., covering it causes changes in access before and after the policy. (nature.com)
- In the Korean context, the national dental sealant project launched in 2000 contributed to the prevention of dental caries (a period effect) 4 . (nature.com)
- This is because chewing ability has improved in both older and younger adults, which implies the need to identify age- and period-cohort patterns in these trends. (nature.com)
- For period and cohort - historical time - why would you want to imagine linear trends in both? (taylorfrancis.com)
- Trends that are purportedly the combination of offsetting period and cohort effects may be represented parsimoniously by one or the other. (taylorfrancis.com)
- Consumer and student advocates have long argued that the cohort default rate, as currently measured, severely underrepresents the proportion of a schools' students who are struggling with college loan debt by looking at only an initial 24-month period. (articlesfactory.com)
- 1-5 Less well studied are the severity of transient symptoms and the effects on progression of disability. (bmj.com)
- Logistic mixed effects models and OLS (ordinary least squares) were used to analyze the effect of recommendations on the probability of adherence and the association between adherence and HRQoL. (uni-muenchen.de)
- These effects were largely explained by adjustment for other social determinants in multivariable models. (nih.gov)
- Resveratrol (Res) exerts inhibitory effects on breast cancer cell lines and animal models, while its efficacy against individual breast cancer cases remains unknown. (qualitycounts.com)
- We tested the hypothesis that zinc intake could influence the glucose-raising effect of specific variants. (eur.nl)
- The 10-year cohorts born 1949-1958, 1954-1963, 1959-1968 and 1964-1973, had elevated risk. (bmj.com)
- Strum analyzed the effects of obesity, smoking, and high-risk drinking on health service utilization and health status [ 7 ], and explored the effects of smoking, drinking, and obesity on the frequency of medical visits for primary care [ 8 ]. (e-epih.org)
- We did talk a little bit earlier in the video on the cohort effect about Bill Walsh, and so hopefully you're able to bring that into your learning as well in the case analysis. (coursera.org)
- The training centre has since trained over 100 cohorts of emergency medical teams (EMTs) from different parts of the country. (who.int)
- Gardasil's prevention failure erases the beneficial effects of the smear and accelerates the onset of cervical cancer. (greenmedinfo.com)