Cohort Effect: Variation in health status arising from different causal factors to which each birth cohort in a population is exposed as environment and society change.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.United StatesTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Telomere: A terminal section of a chromosome which has a specialized structure and which is involved in chromosomal replication and stability. Its length is believed to be a few hundred base pairs.Telomerase: An essential ribonucleoprotein reverse transcriptase that adds telomeric DNA to the ends of eukaryotic CHROMOSOMES.Codependency (Psychology): A relational pattern in which a person attempts to derive a sense of purpose through relationships with others.Telomeric Repeat Binding Protein 2: A ubiquitously expressed telomere-binding protein that is present at TELOMERES throughout the cell cycle. It is a suppressor of telomere elongation and may be involved in stabilization of telomere length. It is structurally different from TELOMERIC REPEAT BINDING PROTEIN 1 in that it contains basic N-terminal amino acid residues.Telomere Shortening: The loss of some TELOMERE sequence during DNA REPLICATION of the first several base pairs of a linear DNA molecule; or from DNA DAMAGE. Cells have various mechanisms to restore length (TELOMERE HOMEOSTASIS.) Telomere shortening is involved in the progression of CELL AGING.Cell Aging: The decrease in the cell's ability to proliferate with the passing of time. Each cell is programmed for a certain number of cell divisions and at the end of that time proliferation halts. The cell enters a quiescent state after which it experiences CELL DEATH via the process of APOPTOSIS.Intergenerational Relations: The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.SwedenEstrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Anticipation, Genetic: The apparent tendency of certain diseases to appear at earlier AGE OF ONSET and with increasing severity in successive generations. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Ossification, Heterotopic: The development of bony substance in normally soft structures.Acetabulum: The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Indomethacin: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) that inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase necessary for the formation of prostaglandins and other autacoids. It also inhibits the motility of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.Fracture Fixation, Internal: The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.Fracture Healing: The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.Hip Dislocation: Displacement of the femur bone from its normal position at the HIP JOINT.Great BritainDatabases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Databases as Topic: Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)General Practice: Patient-based medical care provided across age and gender or specialty boundaries.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Retirement: The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.SwitzerlandPubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.BooksEmployment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.

Role of intergenerational effects on linear growth. (1/105)

Current knowledge on the role of intergenerational effects on linear growth is reviewed on the basis of a literature search and recent findings from an ongoing study in Guatemala. Fourteen studies were identified, most of which examined the intergenerational relationships in birth weight. Overall, for every 100 g increase in maternal birth weight, her child's birth weight increased by 10-20 g. The study samples were primarily from developed countries, and birth weight data were extracted from hospital records and/or birth registries. Among the few studies that examined associations between the adult heights of parents and their offspring, correlation coefficients of 0.42-0.5 were reported. None of the studies examined intergenerational relationships in birth length or linear growth patterns during early childhood, preadolescence and/or adolescence. Prospectively collected data from long-term studies being carried out in rural Guatemala provide the first evidence of intergenerational relationships in birth size in a developing country setting. Data were available for 215 mother-child pairs. Maternal birth size was a significant predictor (P < 0.05) of child's birth size after adjusting for gestational age and sex of the child and other potential confounders. Child's birth weight increased by 29 g/100 g increase in maternal birth weight which is nearly twice that reported in developed countries. Similarly, child's birth length increased by 0.2 cm for every 1 cm increase in mother's birth length. The effect of maternal birth weight remained significant even after adjusting for maternal adult size. More evidence from developing countries will help explain the underlying mechanisms and identify appropriate interventions to prevent growth retardation.  (+info)

International trends in rates of hypospadias and cryptorchidism. (2/105)

Researchers from seven European nations and the United States have published reports of increasing rates of hypospadias during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. Reports of increasing rates of cryptorchidism have come primarily from England. In recent years, these reports have become one focus of the debate over endocrine disruption. This study examines more recent data from a larger number of countries participating in the International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Monitoring Systems (ICBDMS) to address the questions of whether such increases are worldwide and continuing and whether there are geographic patterns to any observed increases. The ICBDMS headquarters and individual systems provided the data. Systems were categorized into five groups based on gross domestic product in 1984. Hypospadias increases were most marked in two American systems and in Scandinavia and Japan. The increases leveled off in many systems after 1985. Increases were not seen in less affluent nations. Cryptorchidism rates were available for 10 systems. Clear increases in this anomaly were seen in two U.S. systems and in the South American system, but not elsewhere. Since 1985, rates declined in most systems. Numerous artifacts may contribute to or cause upward trends in hypospadias. Possible "real" causes include demographic changes and endocrine disruption, among others.  (+info)

Juvenile hypothyroidism among two populations exposed to radioiodine. (3/105)

We found an epidemic of juvenile hypothyroidism among a population of self-defined "downwinders" living near the Hanford nuclear facility located in southeast Washington State. The episode followed massive releases of 131I. Self-reported data on 60 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism (<20 years of age) among a group of 801 Hanford downwinders are presented, as well as data concerning the thyroid status of approximately 160,000 children exposed to radioiodine before 10 years of age as a result of the 26 April 1986 Chernobyl explosion in the former Soviet Union. These children were residents of five regions near Chernobyl. They were examined by standardized screening protocols over a period of 5 years from 1991 to 1996. They are a well-defined group of 10 samples. Fifty-six cases of hypothyroidism were found among boys and 92 among girls. Body burdens of 137Cs have been correlated with hypothyroidism prevalence rates. On the other hand, the group of juvenile (<20 years of age) Hanford downwinders is not a representative sample. Most of the 77 cases of juvenile hypothyroidism in the Hanford group were diagnosed from 1945 to 1970. However, the ratio of reported cases to the county population under 20 years of age is roughly correlated with officially estimated mean levels of cumulative thyroid 131I uptake in these counties, providing evidence that juvenile hypothyroidism was associated with radioiodine exposures. Because even subtle hypothyroidism may be of clinical significance in childhood and can be treated, it may be useful to screen for the condition in populations exposed to radioiodine fallout. Although radiation exposure is associated with hypothyroidism, its excess among fallout-exposed children has not been previously quantified.  (+info)

Time trends in the mortality rates for tobacco- and alcohol-related cancers within the oral cavity and pharynx in Japan, 1950-94. (4/105)

Mortality data of oral cancer over 40 years in Japan were analyzed to investigate time trends of the disease site-specifically and discuss the relation between these trends and the changing patterns of consumption of tobacco and alcohol beverages. Mortality rates were adjusted to the world standard population. In the males, overall oral cancer (ICD-9: 141-149) mortality rates have increased consistently from the lowest value of 1.25 (per 100,000 per year) in 1956 to 2.40 in 1992. The rates for females were constantly lower than those for males, and formed a modest peak of 0.96 in 1979. Regarding site-specific mortality rates, tongue cancer (141) presented a decreasing trend, while oro/hypopharyngeal (146, 148) and mouth (143-145) cancers showed increasing patterns, particularly in males. When the changing patterns of male truncated rates for ages 35-64 were compared with those of the annual consumption of cigarette and alcohol per capita, the time trend of oro/hypopharyngeal cancer mortality was analogous to cigarette consumption rather than to alcohol consumption, mouth cancer vice versa, and tongue cancer was not related to tobacco or alcohol consumption. The present findings suggest that tobacco and alcohol have different site-specific effects on the development of cancers within the oral cavity and pharynx.  (+info)

Social environment and year of birth influence type 1 diabetes risk for African-American and Latino children. (5/105)

OBJECTIVE: Credible epidemiological data, primarily from European-origin populations, indicate that environmental factors play an important role in the incidence of type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A population-based registry of incident cases of type 1 diabetes among African-American and Latino children in Chicago was used to explore the influence of individual and neighborhood characteristics on diabetes risk. New cases of insulin-treated diabetes in African-American and Latino Chicagoans aged 0-17 years for 1985-1990 (n = 400) were assigned to one of 77 community areas based on street address. Census tables provided denominators, median household income, percentage of adults > or = 25 years old who had completed high school and college, and a crowding variable for each community area individual-level data were birth cohort, sex, and ethnicity. Outcomes in Poisson regression were sex-, ethnic-, and birth cohort-specific incidence rates. RESULTS: Significant univariate associations between diabetes risk and ethnicity, birth cohort, crowding, and the percentage of adults in each community area who had completed high school and college were observed. African-Americans had a relative risk (RR) of 1.42 (95% CI, 1.14-1.76) compared with Latinos. Risk varied significantly by birth cohort in both ethnic groups. For every 10% increase in the proportion of adults who completed college, the RR for diabetes increased by 25% (RR, 1.25 [95% CI, 1.09-1.44]). Social class variables were significant determinants of risk for African Americans, but not for Latinos. CONCLUSIONS: The strong birth cohort and social class associations observed in this study implicate an infectious exposure linked with age.  (+info)

Food safety knowledge and practice among elderly people living at home. (6/105)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the food storage knowledge and practice of elderly people living at home. METHODS: Three phase survey data collection: face to face interviews; dietary diaries with a food frequency questionnaire; and follow up interviews. SETTING: Urban Nottingham. PARTICIPANTS: 809 elderly people (aged 65+) randomly selected from general practitioner lists. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Respondent's refrigerator temperature; knowledge of freezer star rating; understanding of "use by" and "sell by" dates; reported ability to read food product safety labels. RESULTS: From a weighted total of 645 refrigerators measured, 451 (70%) were too warm for the safe storage of food (> or = 6 degrees Celsius). Only 41% of respondents (n = 279) knew the star rating of their freezer. Within a smaller sub-sample knowledge of the "use by" and "sell by" dates was good, but 45% of these respondents reported difficulty reading food labels. The storage of foods at inappropriate temperatures was not independent of socioeconomic or demographic status, and tended to be more likely among the poorer and those not living alone. CONCLUSIONS: Food storage practices among the majority of elderly people interviewed in this study do not meet recommended safety standards to minimise the risk of food poisoning.  (+info)

A review of the healthy worker effect in occupational epidemiology. (7/105)

This review article aims to anatomize sources of the healthy worker effect (HWE) and to summarize advantages and limitations of several approaches frequently proposed to eliminate the HWE. Although the HWE is frequently addressed in the context of selection bias, our review suggests that the selection of occupational cohorts with advantageous health status would preferably be addressed as a source of confounding biases. The authors also conclude that the exclusion of unhealthy workers at employment and the study of active workers are the two main sources of HWE, and that the use of the general population as a comparison group in occupational epidemiology should be avoided if possible. The authors encourage investigators to make distinctions between the underlying factors related to the use of the general population as the comparison group in occupational epidemiology.  (+info)

Increase in cervical cancer mortality in Spain, 1951-1991. (8/105)

BACKGROUND: The trend in cervical cancer mortality in Spain from 1951 to 1991 is examined. METHODS: Analysis of national mortality statistics calculating age standardised mortality rates and an age-period cohort analysis. A fit to the Gompertz function was made to estimate the influence of the environmental factors on the mortality rates evolution. MAIN RESULTS: The age standardised mortality rate in Spain is lower than in other developed countries (USA or Estonia) and equal to Norwegian and Finland rates; but whereas in these countries the trend is to decrease, the Spanish rate has increased during this period, because of a cohort effect. A misclassification bias could be responsible for the trend in women aged 40 and older but the increasing trend in younger women could not be interpreted as espurious. The Gompertzian analysis suggests an increase in environmental factors causing cervical cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Cervical cancer mortality rates are increasing in Spain because of environmental factors.  (+info)

*Cohort effect

For example, cohort effects are critical issues in school enrollment. In order to determine whether a cohort effect is present ... Political socialization Socialization Cohort Effects on Earnings Profiles Cohort effect in Lung Function among Smokers. ... The term cohort effect is used in social science to describe variations in the characteristics of an area of study (such as the ... Cohorts in organizations are often defined by entry or birth date, and retain some common characteristic (size, cohesiveness, ...

*Ageing of newspaper readership

These make different cohorts have their only characteristics, and this is called as cohort effects. Cohort effect is further ... Comparing older cohorts to the younger, the way how the young cohort groups socialized is different, there is a negative cohort ... "What is a cohort effect? Comparison of three statistical methods for modeling cohort effects in obesity prevalence in the ... previous cohort will be die out and replaced by the younger cohorts. As the average newspaper reading of the younger cohorts is ...

*Political socialization

Cohort effect Groupthink Public opinion Political culture Glasberg, Davita Silfen; Shannon, Deric (2011). Political sociology: ... Families have an effect on "political knowledge, identification, efficacy, and participation," depending on variables such as ...

*Karla Zadnik

2008;12:332-9. Mutti DO, Zadnik K. Age-related decreases in the prevalence of myopia: longitudinal change or cohort effect? ... The effect of parental history of myopia on children's eye size. Jama. 1994;271:1323-7. Nichols KK, Mitchell GL, Zadnik K. The ... The effect of cycloplegia on measurement of the ocular components. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. 1994;35:515-27 ...

*List of psychological research methods

Longitudinal study: Subjects are studied at multiple time points: May address the cohort effect and indicate causal directions ... Retrospective cohort study: Subjects are chosen, then data are collected on their past experiences. Prospective cohort study: ...

*John Luke Gallup

The Effect of Cohort Size on Wages in Brazil. Population Association of America Meeting 1992, Toronto. "John Luke Gallup". ...

*Ontario Academic Credit

In June 2007, a cascade double-cohort effect occurred at universities and the job market, as double cohort students who were ... Double-cohort students who chose the latter options in their turn affected those in the year after them, creating a ripple ... "Double Cohort: Double workforce?" (PDF). Ontario Association of Youth Employment Centres. March 2003. p. 13. Retrieved 29 ... "Ontario's double cohort strains resources". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 31 August 2003. Retrieved 29 August ...

*List of MeSH codes (N05)

... cohort effect MeSH N05.715.350.350.375 --- healthy worker effect MeSH N05.715.350.350.625 --- placebo effect MeSH N05.715. ... cohort studies MeSH N05.715.360.775.175.250.350 --- follow-up studies MeSH N05.715.360.775.175.250.450 --- longitudinal studies ...

*List of statistics articles

Cohort (statistics) Cohort effect Cohort study Cointegration Collectively exhaustive events Collider (epidemiology) ... Epps effect Equating - test equating Equipossible Equiprobable Erdős-Rényi model Erlang distribution Ergodic theory Ergodicity ... kappa Fleming-Viot process Flood risk assessment Floor effect Focused information criterion Fokker-Planck equation Folded ... software Theil index Theil-Sen estimator Theory of conjoint measurement Therapeutic effect Thompson sampling Three-point ...

*Race Differences in Intelligence (book)

While there appears to be rather little evidence on cohort effect upon IQ across the developing countries, one study in Kenya ( ... Corrections were applied to adjust for differences in IQ across cohorts (the "Flynn" effect), on the assumption that the same ... shows a substantially larger cohort effect than is reported for developed countries." A review by Nicholas Mackintosh, Emeritus ... 1-9. Daley et al., 2003 T. Daley, S. Whaley, M.D. Sigman, M.P. Espinosa and C. Neumann, IQ on the rise: The Flynn effect in ...

*Richard Lynn

While there appears to be rather little evidence on cohort effect upon IQ across the developing countries, one study in Kenya ( ... Corrections were applied to adjust for differences in IQ cohorts (the "Flynn" effect) on the assumption that the same ... Lay summary (15 September 2013). Indeed, this effect, now called the 'Flynn effect', is well established. Nations, almost ... shows a substantially larger cohort effect than is reported for developed countries (p.?) In a critical review of The Bell ...

*Intelligence quotient

However, later researchers pointed out this phenomenon is related to the Flynn effect and is in part a cohort effect rather ... The Flynn effect shows that environmental factors can produce differences of at least this magnitude, but that effect is ... whether the effect may have ended in some developed nations, whether there are social subgroup differences in the effect, and ... Both cohort effects (the birth year of the test-takers) and practice effects (test-takers taking the same form of IQ test more ...

*Hierarchy of evidence

... estimate that suggests a clinically significant effect but with confidence intervals overlapping the threshold for this effect ... Cohort studies Case-control studies Cross sectional surveys Case reports More than a decade after it was established, use of ... confidence intervals that do not overlap the threshold clinically significant effect) RCTs with non-definitive results (a point ...

*Birthday effect

This effect was consistent across age and race cohorts. A similar study among 12,275,033 Swiss found the highest mortality on ... there is a Passover effect among the Jewish community (which moves with the festival itself), and a Mid-Autumn Festival effect ... while others find no significant gender effect. Suggested mechanisms for the effect include alcohol consumption, psychological ... The birthday effect has been seen in studies of general populations in England and Wales, Switzerland, Ukraine, and the United ...

*Birth order

Subsequent large independent multi-cohort studies have revealed approximately zero-effect of birth order on personality. In ... This immunity then leads to an effect in the brain that has to do with sexual preference. Yet this biological effect is seen ... There seems to be no effect on sexual orientation in women, and no effect of the number of older sisters. In Homosexuality, ... suggests a smaller effect, of 15% higher odds.) Even so, the fraternal birth order effect only accounts for a maximum of one ...

*Gagandeep Kang

"Protective Effect of Natural Rotavirus Infection in an Indian Birth Cohort". New England Journal of Medicine. 365 (4): 337-46. ... In particular, she has conducted the largest single birth cohort study on rotaviral infections in the world demonstrating that ...

*Harvard alumni health study

The Harvard alumni health study is a cohort study focusing on the effect of exercise on coronary artery disease, strokes, ... As with all cohort studies, the narrow catchment criteria for participants was both a strength and a weakness: selecting only ...

*Crossbite

Ogaard, B.; Larsson, E.; Lindsten, R. (1994-08-01). "The effect of sucking habits, cohort, sex, intercanine arch widths, and ... Lindner, A. (1989-10-01). "Longitudinal study on the effect of early interceptive treatment in 4-year-old children with ... Thilander, Birgit; Wahlund, Sonja; Lennartsson, Bertil (1984-01-01). "The effect of early interceptive treatment in children ...

*Chiropractic controversy and criticism

B.J. flatly denied it, and produced many more affidavits to this effect than D.D.'s cohorts were able to muster." A study of ... Some people believe chiropractic has little more than a placebo effect, while some randomized trials of spinal manipulation ...

*Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study

... cross sectional study in birth cohort Moderation of the Effect of Adolescent-Onset Cannabis Use on Adult Psychosis by a ... is a long-running cohort study of 1037 people born over the course of a year in Dunedin, New Zealand. The original pool of ... as predictors of persistent risky driving behavior and crash involvement among young adults Up Series British birth cohort ...

*Weekend effect

... cohort study exploring the 'weekend effect'". Br J Anaesth. 118: 112-122. doi:10.1093/bja/aew398. PMID 27927721. CS1 maint: ... The degree of effect is usually higher for the 'Out-of-Hours Effect' rather than the 'Weekend Effect'. This suggests that the ' ... Weekend Effect'. This suggests that the 'Weekend Effect' may be nothing to do with the weekend per se, but may be an effect ... Secondly, the effect is very consistent in terms of the degree of difference (10-15%). Thirdly, the effect is seen in many ...

*WWC1

"Failure to replicate effect of Kibra on human memory in two large cohorts of European origin". American Journal of Medical ... "Failure to replicate effect of kibra on human memory in two large cohorts of European origin". American Journal of Medical ...

*Gestational trophoblastic disease

van Trommel NE, Massuger LF, Verheijen RH, Sweep FC, Thomas CM (October 2005). "The curative effect of a second curettage in ... persistent trophoblastic disease: a retrospective cohort survey". Gynecol. Oncol. 99 (1): 6-13. doi:10.1016/j.ygyno.2005.06.032 ...

*Claire Wainwright

"Effect of Temperature on Cystic Fibrosis Lung Disease and Infections: a Replicated Cohort Study". PLOS ONE. 6 (11): e27784. doi ... "Effect of Bronchoalveolar Lavage-directed Therapy on Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Infection and Structural Lung Injury in Children ...

*Relative age effect

Campbell, T. (2013) In-school ability grouping and the month of birth effect: Preliminary evidence from the Millennium Cohort ... Relative Age Effect - an observable effect resulting from a relationship between chronological age and an eligibility cut-off ... Diamond, G.H. (1983). "The birthdate effect - a maturational effect?". Journal of Learning Disabilities. 16: 161-164. doi: ... disadvantaging relatively young individuals in a cohort and advantaging relatively old individuals in the same cohort. ...

*Blue-collar crime

They found that the upbringing of families to their youngers, as well as how the community developed, has a far larger effect ... Thornberry and Christenson (1984) analysed data from a longitudinal cohort study of delinquency in Philadelphia and found (at ... while criminal involvement exerts a more long-range effect on unemployment. What this and other empirical research demonstrates ... p405): Unemployment exerts a rather immediate effect on criminal involvement, ...
This study used nationwide hip fracture data from Denmark and Sweden during 1987-2010 to examine effects of (birth) cohort and period. We found that time trends, cohort, and period effects were different in the two countries. Results also indicated that hip fracture rates may increase in the not so far future.The reasons for the downturn in hip fracture rates remain largely unclear but circumstances earlier in life seem important.We ascertained hip fractures in the populations ≥50 years in Denmark and Sweden in national discharge registers. Country- and sex-specific age-period-cohort (APC) effects during 1987-2010 were evaluated by log-likelihood estimates in Poisson regression models presented as incidence rate ratios (IRR).There were 399,596 hip fractures in SE and 248,773 in DK. Age-standardized hip fracture rate was stable in SE men but decreased in SE women and in DK. Combined period + cohort effects were generally stronger in SE than DK and in women than men. IRR per period ranged from 1.05 to 1
A cohort effect is a phenomenon where cohorts of a population differ from each other in some key attribute(s), such body mass. Birth mass, birth dates, rate of growth of juveniles, survival over the first winter, age of first reproduction, and adult survival rates are often related to the influence of the time of birth, which itself is a product of the environmental conditions cohorts face at birth as well as the nutritional condition of their mothers (itself a reflection of environmental conditions faced at or prior to birth). Environmental conditions that can influence birth and early growth attributes include droughts, abnormally high rainfall, late snowfall, and high population density. These and other factors influence birth attributes and early development of juveniles, and these early effects may persist and affect phenotypic quality throughout the lifetime of the cohort. Because many of these cohort effects - body size, body mass, etc. - are tied to survival and reproductive fitness, ...
Co-Principal Investigator: Takashi Yamashita (University of Maryland, Baltimore County). Purpose: Middle-aged and older workers represent nearly half of the U.S. labor force, yet little is known about this populations skill levels and how they interact with education, labor, and other outcomes. In this study, researchers are exploring associations among older U.S. adults skill proficiencies (i.e., literacy, numeracy and problem-solving skills), employment, labor force status, lifelong learning and educational attainment and cohort effects on these associations. Skill proficiencies and lifelong learning are critical malleable factors for understanding employment and labor force issues in later life, and because more adults are staying in the labor force longer, policymakers and institutions of learning need to understand how these factors and proficiencies interact and predict education and labor outcomes.. Project Activities: This mixed-methods study will leverage national and international ...
Age-Period-Cohort Analysis: New Models, Methods, and Empirical Applications is based on a decade of the authors collaborative work in age-period-cohort (APC) analysis. Within a single, consistent HAPC-GLMM statistical modeling framework, the…
Given that the cohort effect can be interpreted as a special case of the interaction between two categorical variables, the equation above satisfies the assumption that there is no interaction 21. Any violation of that assumption can be detected from graphs presenting the age-specific mortality rate by period. Lack of parallelism between the curves suggests the presence of the cohort effect 22.. This study used weighted parameterization, as proposed by Holford 20, as an alternative solution to the "non-identifiability problem".. Given that lung cancer is a chronic, non-communicable disease, rate is assumed in this model to be constant within each of the given age and period categories. Individuals are also assumed to be independent cases and, consequently, contributions to different cells in the data base are also independent. Accordingly, the APC models for rates can be adjusted using Poisson Regression for event counts. This methodology permits the use of an offset term log(nijk), which ...
The analysis presented reveals a pessimistic set of findings concerning trends in frailty between 2002 and 2010. There is no evidence for improvement in levels of frailty across cohorts, with a strong suggestion of higher levels of frailty among recent cohorts compared with earlier cohorts (for those cohorts aged over 70 in 2002), particularly for the poorest individuals. This carries the negative implication that the continuing gains in life expectancy are composed of additional years spent in frailty with the potential for greater associated healthcare costs. Inequalities in frailty across the wealth distribution are stark and they appear to widen over the period 2002-2010; the increase in frailty in recent cohorts compared with earlier cohorts is most prominent among the poorest individuals with little evidence of such cohort differences among the most affluent. Levels of frailty are higher for women than for men and the analysis of cohort and gender-specific trajectories suggests that this ...
The implemented method uses for smoothing bivariate thin plate splines, bivariate lasso-type regularization, and allows for both period and cohort effects. Thus the mortality rates are modelled as the sum of four components: a smooth bivariate function of age and time, smooth one-dimensional cohort effects, smooth one-dimensional period effects and random errors.. ...
A "cohort effect" has cau sed a wave of rapid improvements to ripple upwards through mort ality rates in the UK.. For the past four dec ades, people born between 1925 and 1945 have benefited from faster mortality improvements than those born in adjacent generations.. The greatest mortality im provements in the 1960s were experienced by people then in their 30s, in the 1970s it was people then in their 40s, in the 1980s it was people then in their 50s and now in the 1990s it is people in their 60s. This illustrates the cohort effect centred on 1931. Whether the fast-food generations that followed can sustain the trend remains to be seen.. Where you live can also be an indicator of your life expectancy. This is a fact not lost on MGM which offers higher annuity rates to customers in the North of England and Scotland. Com ing from Sun derland, as I do, I find this fact slig htly disturbing. Like most people, given the choice between the possibility of slightly higher pension increases in the future ...
Observed changes in health-related behaviours and disease risk factors may arise from physiological or environmental changes, or from biases due to sampling or measurement errors. We illustrate problems in the interpretation of such changes with longitudinal data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Mean plasma cholesterol was 14 mg/dl higher in 27- than in 20-year-old black men cross-sectionally, but longitudinally it declined by 4 mg/dl during the 7 years.
Background:Incidence rates for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vary considerably by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. We assessed whether HCC among sub-groups of the population by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and birth cohort are uniform or whether they interact with each other or have changed over time. Methods:Data were from the U.S. Cancer Statistics registry. We assessed annual trends within population sub-groups and examined for secular trends in the male-to-female ratio for HCC incidence. We used joinpoint regression to compute annual percent change and average annual percent change (AAPC) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We also used age-period-cohort models to disentangle period and cohort effects. Results:Between 2001 and 2015, HCC rates increased in men and women ≥50 years, remained stable among women aged 40-49, but decreased among males aged 40-44 (AAPC, 2.47%; 95% CI, 3.15%, 1.80%) and 45-49 (AAPC, 3.49%; 95% CI, 4.78%, 2.17%). As a result, the male-to-female incidence ...
Discussion. Anthropometric profiles were observed to differ between older adults in the same age range (71-81 years), born in different periods. Individuals in the more recent birth cohort (1927-1937) showed greater weight gain both in mean BMI and in prevalence of overweight as compared with individuals born in the older cohort (1916-1926). The effects of both birth cohort and age on anthropometric profile seem to have been greater among men than among women.. Despite the scarcity of international and Brazilian studies examining the evolution of body composition over time 5,6,7,21,22, particularly in the elderly population 23, some comparisons can be made. The findings of this study are consistent with the literature as regards the greater prevalence of overweight and obesity among women. In both 1997 and 2008, prevalence of overweight (BMI , 27kg/m2) was greater among women (37.3% in 1997 and 38.9% in 2008) than among men in the same years (respectively, 16% and 32.7%). Comparable prevalences ...
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Book ILUNION Romareda, Zaragoza on TripAdvisor: See 31 traveler reviews, 101 candid photos, and great deals for ILUNION Romareda, ranked #9 of 79 hotels in Zaragoza and rated 4 of 5 at TripAdvisor.
The University of Zaragoza, sometimes referred to as Saragossa University, s a university located in Zaragoza, in the Aragon region of Spain. Founded .. .
https://youtu.be/I4eosRdP5gQ Published on Sep 15, 2016 Written and Performed by Raye Zaragoza Recorded by Justin Hergett at The Forest Studios Filmed by Roman Zaragoza Images taken from online news publication & Los Angeles protest (taken by ThomasMichaelPhotography.com) Donate at www.sacredstonecamp.org www.rayezmusic.com
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Visit your local Petco Store near you located at 2036 N Zaragoza Rd Bldg D in El Paso Texas for all of your animal nutrition and grooming needs.
Logistic regressions of age-period-cohort models for city arrest rates are estimated with data from seven U.S. cities for the years 1970-1980 to study the dependence of officially designated criminali
R. del Moral (Bioinformation Systems Biology Group, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain), J. Navarro (Bioinformation Systems Biology Group, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain), R. Lahoz-Beltra (Department of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain & Bioinformation Systems Biology Group, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain), M.G. Bedia M.G. (GIGA - Advanced Computer Graphics Group, Department of Computer Science and Systems Engineering, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain), F.J. Serón F.J. (GIGA - Advanced Computer Graphics Group, Department of Computer Science and Systems Engineering, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain), P.C. Marijuán (Bioinformation Systems Biology Group, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain ...
Results of the present analyses of the RIDI study provide evidence of 1) large geographical variations in risk of childhood type 1 diabetes within Italy, with high-risk areas in both Sardinia and Trento, in the North-East of Italy; 2) a significantly lower risk in girls than in boys, which is more pronounced in Sardinia (−23%) than in peninsular Italy (−9%); and 3) a linear increasing temporal trend, with an annual increment of 2.94%, affecting all age-groups and both sexes. In our dataset, however, it was impossible to ascribe this increase definitively to either a birth cohort or a calendar period effect.. Our findings are based on a national registry using standardized methods of ascertainment of incident cases, covering 40% of the Italian population at risk; moreover, the long time period on which this report is based allows us to add to current knowledge on epidemiology of type 1 diabetes. Heterogeneity of type 1 diabetes risk has been reported worldwide, but Italy is one of the ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is a subjective and dynamic concept resulting from an interplay between importance of and satisfaction with different aspects of life. However, it is unclear whether social contexts experienced by individuals born at specific times in history (cohort effects) may influence QoL in old age. This study aimed to compare among older persons born before, during, and at the end of World War II: a) satisfaction with QoL, overall and per domains; b) importance of QoL domains.. METHODS: This repeated cross-sectional study included representative samples of community-dwelling adults born in 1934-1938 (pre-war), 1939-1943 (war), and 1944-1948 (baby-boom) from the Lausanne cohort 65+. QoL was assessed overall, and in seven domains in 2011 and 2016. Two-by-two cohort comparisons were performed at ages 68-72 (war versus baby-boom) and 73-77 years (pre-war versus war).. RESULTS: Overall satisfaction with QoL did not differ between cohorts despite increased education level ...
Downloadable! Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 indicate that between 1996 and 2010 females on average lost some of the promotion momentum they had achieved at the beginning of mid-career, although they outperformed males in this regard. For both genders economic downturn has contributed to reduced promotion probabilities. In the case of women, however, cohort effects rather than the cycle seem to explain the promotion experience during the Great Recession. Promotions translate into higher real wage increases, and typically more so where job responsibilities increase. Crowding effects, if not necessarily a thing of the past, are no longer manifested in reduced female promotion rates or earnings.
Background: The prevalence of asthma has been rising all over the world. The causes of this epidemic are still not completely known. In this study we aim to estimate the separate effects of age, period and birth cohort on the trends of asthma incidence in Italy.. Methods: Individual information on the history of asthma was collected on 35,375 adults aged 20-64 and born from 1940 to 1989, who were randomly sampled from the general Italian population in 1990/93, 1998/2000 and 2007/10. Overall 3,295 subjects reported asthma from 1,293,801 person-years at risk. Age-specific incidence rates were estimated for both sexes using 5-year age classes in different cohorts and period. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the incidence rates by age, birth cohort and period in males and females.. Results: Age, period and cohort showed significant independent effects (p<0.001) on incidence rates of asthma, which was greater in younger subjects and dramatically increased in recent generations. ...
The best Songwriting lessons in Navarre, MN as rated by students. Browse Navarre Songwriting teachers - ask questions, read reviews & compare rates!
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Zaragoza is a warm and inviting city strategically located between Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia and Toulouse. In peoples haste to see the big cities, this gem is often passed without so much as a second look. The city welcomes visitors with its rich culture, shopping, eating, and sightseeing. Its more than 2,000 years of history makes the city one of the greatest historical and artistic legacies in Spain. It is situated in Aragon, one of the previous kingdoms of Spain.
Zaragoza is a warm and inviting city strategically located between Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia and Toulouse. In peoples haste to see the big cities, this gem is often passed without so much as a second look. The city welcomes visitors with its rich culture, shopping, eating and sightseeing. Its more than 2000 years of history makes the city one of the greatest historical and artistical legacies in Spain. It is situated in Aragon, one of the previous kingdoms of Spain.
Find the best doctors specialised in pulmonary disease in Zaragoza. Compare patient reviews, insurance, prices and book online instantly.
Find the best doctors specialised in ophthalmology in Zaragoza. Compare patient reviews, insurance, prices and book online instantly.
The FDA has announced that Agricola Zaragoza, Inc. of McAllen, Texas is recalling Jalapeno Peppers distributed since June 30th, 2008 (see CDC Report below)
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Although found in most restaurants across Navarre, the T-bone steaks of Baztan-Bidasoa are the most highly-prized. They are usually grilled over hot coals.
The Pyrenees rise in the north of Navarre, forming a landscape of evergreen valleys which spread to the east. The high mountains become less extreme as they...
REAL MADRID bounced back from their bitter Spanish Cup exit by beating Zaragoza 3-1 to move seven points clear at the top of La Liga.
spain.info for Canada. Information on the spa Paracuellos de Jiloca Spa Resort in Zaragoza, Spain on the official website for tourism in Spain: therapeutic treatments, properties of the water, contact details, location, accommodation, sights. Spas in Zaragoza, wellness in Spain.
El fotoperiodista Tom s Abella inaugura el 7 de agosto en el Torre n Fortea (sala del Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza), coincidiendo con la celebraci n de Expo Zaragoza 2008, la exposici n fotogr fica "Mujeres de Agua", un recorrido visual por la vida diaria de las mujeres del frica subsahariana y su relaci n con el agua. Para visualizar esta realidad, la narraci n tambi n explora diversos proyectos de Interm n Oxfam con mujeres de Burkina Faso, Chad, Etiop a y Mauritania. La exhibici n de la exposici n en Zaragoza cuenta con la participaci n de la Sociedad Estatal para Exposiciones Internacionales (SEEI) y del Ayuntamiento de Zaragoza como socios-colaboradores.. "Mujeres de Agua", inici su itinerancia en Barcelona la pasada primavera, despu s de pasar por Zaragoza recorrer Espa a durante tres a os. La muestra toma como paradigma Etiop a, el pa s con peor acceso a agua potable del mundo, puesto que s lo dispone de este bien un 24% de la poblaci n. La desertificaci n creciente y las sequ as recurrentes ...
In a national sample of elderly Medicare beneficiaries admitted to hospital with medical conditions, we found that patients treated by older physicians had higher 30 day mortality than those cared for by younger physicians, despite similar patient characteristics. These associations were found among physicians with low and medium volumes of patients but not among those with high volumes. Readmission rates and costs of care did not meaningfully vary with physician age. Taken together, our findings suggest that differences in practice patterns or process measures of quality between physicians with varying years of experience reported in previous studies123437 might have a meaningful impact on patient outcomes.. Mechanisms that could explain our current findings can be broadly categorized into effects of age ("age effects") versus effects arising from differences in how younger and older physicians trained ("cohort effects"). It is possible that physicians further from training are less likely to ...
Finally, for regions with less data, borrowing strength from other regions may have hidden patterns of transmission between years and sex amid the pooled data. Although the data may be analyzed correctly using the hierarchical model, the problem with meta-analysis being used to make causal inferences has been highlighted, i.e., the studies included are observational and "group-level correlations may be mistakenly attributed to individual-level causes."24, 25 Three distinct epidemiological profiles of HCV transmission have been described and can be used as a basis for interpreting the age-specific seroprevalence curves in this meta-analysis. In the first transmission type, prevalence is low among younger persons, and then rises steadily or sharply through middle age. After peak prevalence is reached, the seroprevalence declines in older ages. The peak prevalence seen in type 1 transmission is commonly referred to as the "cohort effect." In type 2 transmission, prevalence is low in younger ...
This study found that patients who had a remission of their poststroke depression over the first few months after stroke also showed significantly greater improvement in their ADL function than patients whose depression did not remit. We consider this as an important finding, since Reding et al12 showed that early treatment of depression had a positive effect on the rehabilitation outcome of a small group of stroke patients who had positive dexamethasone tests.. Before further discussion of our results, it is important to acknowledge the methodological limitations of the study. First, the use of patients from 2 demographically distinct patient populations may have led to greater generalizability of findings or could have led to findings influenced by cohort effects. Second, our patients were predominantly of lower socioeconomic class. It is uncertain whether these findings pertain to other populations of stroke patients. Our measure of ADL function was the JHFI rather than a more commonly used ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prevalencia de fluorosis dental en ocho cohorts de mexicanos nacidos durante la instauración del programa nacional de fluoruración de la sal doméstica. AU - Casanova-Rosado, Alejandro José. AU - Medina-Soĺs, Carlo Eduardo. AU - Casanova-Rosado, Juan Fernando. AU - Vallejos-Sánchez, Ana Alicia. AU - de la Rosa-Santillana, Rubén. AU - Mendoza-Rodríguez, Martha. AU - Villalobos-Rodelo, Juan José. AU - Maupomé, Gerardo. PY - 2013/3/25. Y1 - 2013/3/25. N2 - Objective: to determine the effect of birth cohort on dental fluorosis in Mexican schoolchildren during the implementation of the national program to fluoridate domestic salt. Material and methods: in a cross-sectional study we examined 1,644 schoolchildren 6-13 years old born between 1985-1992 in Campeche, México a community where there is negligible naturally available fluoride in water supplies. Dental fluorosis was assessed with the Deans index in the permanent dentition. Questionnaires were used to identify diverse ...
Check the hunting weather daily for Zaragoza, Spain from AccuWeather.com. Our hunting weather forecasts are just one piece of personalized weather available from AccuWeather.
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Of 233 households with laboratory-confirmed pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Navarre, Spain, only 64% (107/166) of contacts with influenza-like illness had sought medical care. This value was lower for adults (53%, 39/74) than for children &lt;15 years of age (74%, 68/92), as well as for those with cases secondary to another household case (58%, 64/111).
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Skydive to Save Lives! ...3-miles & 125mph! Fighting against Meningitis, which kills or disables 1.7 million children & adults each year. - Crowdfunder.co.uk
This London-based used car dealer boasts a regularly updated stock list of quality used vehicles to suit all budgets and lifestyles. Taking pride in its top notch customer service and competitive pricing, Winshaw Motor offers expert advice on vehicle maintenance, as well as a range of services for private and commercial cars.
The origin of the investigation was the roof of Ebro Environmental Center, also in Zaragoza, exploring the possibilities of a public facility as urban space, viewpoint, energy collector, green area, and even as urban garden. With this experience, the new project is focused on private landscapes, boosting facilities and activities in the field of domesticity, which also reflected the momentum in other sectors, such as hotel, to opportunities to use roofs.. ...
Congratulations! I noticed you live in NW FL. So do I! I live in Navarre not far from Eglin AFB. I would love to meet you and have lunch sometime. My email is [email protected] ReplyDelete ...
I actually have nothing but great things to say about No Bonz. Navarre absolutely loves it when he can spend a full day there and I definitely like having the video cam so I can see him play throughout the day. Gives me total piece of mind.". "Things are going great with Mickey at No Bonz. He is always so excited to go in when we get there and seems tuckered out at the end of his day. Perfect!". -> Read more.... ...
Located in London in the region of Greater London, 547 yards from Royal Albert Hall, Baglioni Hotel London - The Leading Hotels of the World features a...
Hemel, Hempstead is a large new town in London. A place close to the Greater London Urban Area and approximately 24 miles northwest of London is one of the best places to live in with your family. And if you ar... ...
The role of environmental factors is evident from the short time period over which the incidence of Barretts oesophagus6 and oesophageal adenocarcinoma7 has increased. Furthermore, the demonstration of a "birth cohort effect", with higher incidence rates in younger cohorts,8 would support the idea that exposure to environmental factors in early life is an important determinant of risk. Identification of specific environmental exposures is difficult, but factors that increase gastro-oesophageal reflux, such as dietary components, increasing body mass index and eradication of Helicobacterpylori, may be relevant.9 Whether or not smoking and alcohol consumption are risk factors for Barretts oesophagus is controversial; however, an association was found in a recent population study.10 In order for an individual to develop Barretts oesophagus, and in some cases oesophageal adenocarcinoma, these environmental exposures probably need to interact with genetically determined characteristics that define ...
The larger optic cups and smaller neuroretinal rims found in older subjects may be taken to mean that there is loss of the neuroretinal tissue with age, or that subjects born more recently are born with more neuroretinal tissue. In order to determine whether the differences related to age represent an aging change or a cohort effect, longitudinal studies are needed. Two such studies have been outlined.4042 It can be seen that, given the small changes predicted by this study (0.28% per year in rim area) and the variability arising from the measurement technique, a very long period between examinations is needed to detect change (18 years to detect a 5% change). Alternatively, multiple examinations over a shorter period would mitigate the effect of measurement error.. The morphological changes (loss of neuroretinal rim and increase in cupping) parallel the loss of optic nerve axons that is known to occur in glaucoma.46 A number of histological studies have found an age related decline in optic ...
El Cantabro (Francisco I. Madero, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico) with population statistics, charts, map, location, weather and web information.
Expo Zaragoza : Parade of Magical Masks at the Indonesia Pavilion. Out of the many items that attracted visitors imagination in the Indonesia Pavilion are the masks. Many asked the same questions : what do they represent, whose masks are they, are they for sale ? - PR10097415
Catalonia (Spain), this paper intends to analyse the impact of the family language and the generational cohort on the language attitudes towards Catalan and Spanish that is built by immigrant children (aged 14-16). The nature of the analysis carried out as a result of an attitude questionnaire answered by 527 young people allows differentiation of the effect of both variables individually when included in the same explanatory model. Results indicate that being Spanish-speaking or non-Spanish-speaking is influential in the construction of attitudes towards Spanish and towards Catalan. Moreover, the generational cohort is only influential for attitudes towards Catalan and when a migratory transit has been experienced or not. Since both variables are included in the same model, it is suggested that the effect of the generational cohort is moderated by being Spanish-speaking or not. The new perspectives opened up by these results are discussed as regards the promotion of intercultural communication ...
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By Jeff Nedwick, Infor Automotive One of the first steps needed to address the generational divide is to acknowledge the perceptions each generation has about the manufacturing industry and each other.
Founded in 1995 by brothers Josh and Sam Lyle, Pines and Needles has grown from a tree-loaded horse box to over 20 stores across the south of England. They provide sustainably-grown trees in a variety of styles, and a selection of accessories including lights and stands. The team also offers nationwide delivery, and specialist services such as creating live scenarios for events.
We are 5 students from the University of Westminster that are trying to raise funds for the Unicefs initiative for every child in danger. - Crowdfunder.co.uk
Read 30 tips and reviews from 159 visitors about casual, pancakes and coffee. Mokas garden features a range of colourful, healthy plants, herbs and...
3D Pose Estimation, Tracking and Model Learning of Articulated Objects from Dense Depth Video using Projected Texture Stereo Sturm, Jürgen., Konolige, Kurt., Stachniss, Cyrill., and Burgard, Wolfram Proc. of the Workshop RGB-D: Advanced Reasoning with Depth Cameras at Robotics: Science and Systems (RSS), 06/2010, Zaragoza, Spain, (2010) Abstract ...
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Workforce in todays organisations fall into four broad categories and it has been well established that individuals growing up in d...
Dulwich: Dulwich, fashionable residential neighbourhood in the Greater London borough of Southwark, part of the historic county of Surrey. It lies in the southern part of the borough
ARRIBAS-MONZON, Federico et al. Effects of air pollution on daily mortality in Zaragoza, Spain, 1991-1995. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2001, vol.43, n.4, pp.289-297. ISSN 0036-3634.. Objective. To analyze the short-term impact of air pollution on daily mortality in the City of Zaragoza (Spain). Material and methods. This ecologic study was conducted in Zaragoza, Spain, from 1991 to 1993. Poisson autoregressive models were constructed to assess the association between air particulate matter and sulphur dioxide SO2 and daily deaths. Four outcome variables were studied: overall mortality (excluding external deaths), mortality in subjects over 69 years of age, mortality due to respiratory disease, and mortality due to cardiovascular disease. A sample size was not obtained. Data analysis was conducted using the statistical software EGRET and SPSS. Results. SO2 levels were significantly associated with cardiovascular deaths (RR=1.018 IC 95%: 1.001-1.036) and particulate matter levels with ...
Figure S1. Predictions of monthly probability of birth inferred from climatic data in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Here, in contrast to the model in Figure , this model does not explicitly include birth month, but only considered the climatic data at birth (in addition to birth order and sex). The association with birth month was performed a posteriori: For each calf we calculated the predicted probability of birth based on climatic conditions at birth, and then computed the average probability of birth across all calves born in each month. The dashed line indicates the probability of birth if births were distributed equally across months.. Figure S2. Predictions of the probability that calves die between 1 and 5 years of age by birth months, in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Predictions were calculated for each calf individually and then averaged across birth months. As such, predictions captured the effect of sex, birth order, relatedness, location, and cohort effects.. Table S1. Summary table ...
Helicobacter pylori is the main cause of peptic ulcer disease and a major risk factor for gastric cancer. Individuals infected with H. pylori may develop acute gastroenteritis (abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting) within 2 weeks following infection. H. pylori establish a chronic infection in the majority of individuals, represented by chronic gastritis of different types.. Approximately 50% of the worlds population is infected with H. pylori. In developed countries a progressive increase in the prevalence is observed, from a low percentage of infection in children to 40 - 50% infection rates in the older age groups. This is not the consequence of a progressive acquisition of the infection but rather the result of a cohort effect. The majority of subjects acquire the infection in childhood, and the infection persists lifelong. Thus, if the oldest individuals have a higher H. pylori infection prevalence, it is because the risk of becoming infected was higher when they were children.. Serological ...
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The approval, however, received two last minute changes - first to increase the amount that can be loaned to Kachemak City to $600,000 from the previous $300,000 and to eliminate ordinance language that set in stone the loans interest rate.. The assembly approved the ordinance 6-1 with assembly member Kelly Wolf casting the dissenting vote and assembly member Charlie Pierce abstaining due to a perceived conflict of interest. Assembly member Hal Smalley was absent.. The ordinance does not set in place any specific agreement, but rather gives the borough the power to negotiate a deal and the assembly the authority to approve it. The total amount of the loan could be up to $13.3 million - $12.7 million to Homer and $600,000 to Kachemak City.. Kenai Peninsula Borough Mayor Mike Navarre said the change in interest rate language - which previously read that the borough would charge 4.5 percent - was removed after assembly discussion, as it was not required. Navarre said it would give Homer, Kachemak ...
Where there has been solidarity and safety in numbers in the #MeToo movement, there is now also an increasingly apparent generational divide. And its not just among women.Compared to their elders, younger women are seen as generally more willing to...
The shift to digital media is a generational trend. Todays young consumers have never developed a print or TV habit, and they probably never will.
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Are you keen on a bucket of fried hen or cheesy chips whenever youre pregnant? One frequent kind of such really dangerous meals has more to do with the cooking method used, moderately than the substances - because should you use this cooking technique, you may simply destroy even the healthiest product and turn it into poison.. In determining the most effective fried foods, I drew a definitive line in the sand: youll not discover deep fried Oreos, Kool-Help, butter or Coke on this checklist. A startling variety of owners will give their canine meals which can be dangerous because they do not observe seen brief time period effects. The Division of National Defence mentioned in a information launch the new ovens will not only present nourishment, but also produce much less meals waste. Consuming only one serving of deep-fried restaurant food may acutely influence your endothelial perform for as much as 24 hours! There are a number of causes fried foods, particularly deep-fried meals, are linked ...
Ocoeur turns back time, piano tastefully graced with soft field samples, a flute, a violin, daubing a vivid, moderately Celtic landscape where sheep may safely graze. The not-so chance meeting of a summers day in Provence and a sensitive soul with two hands at the keyboard and a third occasionally manipulating a bank of buttons and dials. As Ocoeur, sound designer Franck Zaragoza […]
Eventbrite - NXI presents John Fairhurst - Sunday, 6 November 2016 at New Cross Inn, London, Greater London. Find event and ticket information.
Results: Twenty-one cohorts on physical activity and cognitive decline and twenty-six cohorts on physical activity and dementia were included. Meta-analysis, using the quality-effects model, suggests that participants with higher levels of physical activity, when compared to those with lower levels, are at reduced risk of cognitive decline, RR 0.65, 95% CI 0.55-0.76, and dementia, RR 0.86, 95% CI 0.76-0.97. Sensitivity analyses revealed a more conservative estimate of the impact of physical activity on cognitive decline and dementia for high quality studies, studies reporting effect sizes as ORs, greater number of adjustments (≥10), and longer follow-up time (≥10 years). When one heavily weighted study was excluded, physical activity was associated with an 18% reduction in the risk of dementia (RR 0.82; 0.73-0.91 ...
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22253308. Note: Each successively younger cohort (generational group as defined in demographics) has significantly higher odds of an autism diagnosis than the previous cohort, controlling for age and period effects. For example, individuals born in 2003 have 16.6 times the odds of an autism diagnosis compared with those born in 1992.. Common deficiencies amongst children with Autism frequently include:. 1. Vitamin A. 2. Vitamin B6/B12. 3. Vitamin C. 4. Vitamin D3. 5. Vitamin E. 6. Glutathione. 7. Selenium. 8. Zinc. 9. Magnesium. 10. Mitochondria (related). These are the bodys primary antioxidants (excluding Mitochondria), essential to regulating Free Radicals (unpaired Electrons) throughout the body, staving off Cancer, Diabetes, Autism, Schizophrenia & the rapid macro-degeneration of cells.. a. Hyperbetacarotenemia, a form of intestinal disfunction linked to Measles (from the MMR shot) is marked by excessive beta-carotene in the blood & Vitamin A depletion. ...
Experience and History: An Experimental Approach to Generational Heterogeneity: 10.4018/IJABE.2016100101: The development and use of long-lived public goods involves more than one demographic generation, leaving the classic literature on voluntary provisions
Do you sometimes feel as though your path is inexplicably blocked? Do some promises never seem to come true? Do you ever wonder why? The answer may be in the power of the spoken blessing. Pastor Aaron Fruh explains that many who encounter ongoing frustration are living under the shadow of a curse. Discover how you may have been bruised by verbal iniquity and how you can find healing through spoken blessings. Forgotten Blessing, The: Ancient Words That Heal Generational Wounds - eBook (9781585585885) by Aaron Fruh
Apply for Area Team Leader - Development Management via Jobsgopublic. Full Time role working for London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham. Find your perfect job and apply today.
Most people do not want to discover that their next door neighbour is a nightmare, just after they have found their ideal home and that is why Private Detective in Sutton run a background check on the neighbours and give feedback. If the neighbours are the types that leave their bins un-kept, shout during arguments and renege on paying their service charges, you will be informed. Our house detectives at Private Investigator Sutton will take a period of seven to ten days to find out everything there is to understand an area and its inhabitants - who lives next door to a buyers prospective house, what they do for a living and if they owe money. They will get to know why a certain house in the neighbourhood may have had several occupants within a short period of time. in many cases, inspecting the landlord leads to finding out other properties they have that had some legal issues ...
Wholesale food and beverage wholesale UK suppliers. The Webs largest trade directory of verified importers, legitimate wholesalers, distributors and manufacturers.
Secondary end points were insulin delivery, the glycated hemoglobin level, suggest sensor glucose levels, the variability of the glucose level, and the time spent below and above the relevant glucose ranges during day-and-night, daytime, and overnight periods . Statistical Analysis Statistical analyses were performed about an intention-to-treat basis. We compared the respective values obtained through the 12-week control and intervention periods using a least-squares repeated-methods regression model, adjusting for the period effect as a covariate and accounting for the correlated data from the same participant with the use of an unstructured covariance matrix. The hypothesis tests was ordered first to consider the primary end points at the 0.05 level and to move to testing the secondary end points individually at the 0.05 level without the control for multiplicity.ZS-9 effectively normalized potassium levels in patients who were receiving RAAS inhibitors for the treating cardiovascular or renal ...
A Roman town called Arriaca, possibly founded by a pre-Roman culture, is known to have been located in that region. There is however no archeological proof of its existence, only references in texts such as the Ruta Antonina, which describe it as being in the hands of the Carpetani[1] when encountered by the Romans. The city, as Caracca,[2] was incorporated into the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis. The city was on the high road from Emerita (modern Mérida) to Caesaraugusta (modern Zaragoza), 22 M. P. northeast of Complutum (modern Alcalá de Henares).. ...
A team of researchers from the University of Zaragoza (UNIZAR) and the Institut dAstrophysique Spatiale (IAS, in France) has developed a "scintillating bolometer", a device that the scientists will use in efforts to detect the dark matter of the Universe, and which has been tested at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory in Huesca, Spain.. "One of the biggest challenges in Physics today is to discover the true nature of dark matter, which cannot be directly observed "" even though it seems to make up one-quarter of the matter of the Universe. So we have to attempt to detect it using prototypes such as the one we have developed", Eduardo Garcà -a Abanc©ns, a researcher from the UNIZARs Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Astroparticles, tells SINC.. Garcà -a Abanc©ns is one of the scientists working on the ROSEBUD project (an acronym for Rare Objects SEarch with Bolometers UndergrounD), an international collaborative initiative between the Institut dAstrophysique Spatiale (CNRS-University of ...
Animal Shell, Beach, Beauty In Nature, Close-Up, Day, High Angle View, Nature, No People, Outdoors, Sand, Snail, Spain, Still Life, Zaragoza
Free Long Range Weather Forecast for Piedra Blanca (El Ranchito), Estado de Coahuila de Zaragoza. Calendar overview of Months Weather Forecast.
Germs just cant reproduce. Lysoform disinfectant. Advertising Agency: DPZ Propaganda, São Paulo, Brazil Creative Directors: Francesc Petit, Fernando Rodrigues, Diego Zaragoza, Rafael Urenha, Marcello Barcelos Art Directors: Cícero Souza, Mauricio Kumazawa Copywriters: Beth Bylaardt, Mariana Horta, Thomaz Dantas Illustrator: Super Lúdico Art Buyers: Sophie D.Lanes, Márcia Granja Published: April 2011. via adsoftheworld.com ...
Germs just cant reproduce. Lysoform disinfectant. Advertising Agency: DPZ Propaganda, São Paulo, Brazil Creative Directors: Francesc Petit, Fernando Rodrigues, Diego Zaragoza, Rafael Urenha, Marcello Barcelos Art Directors: Cícero Souza, Mauricio Kumazawa Copywriters: Beth Bylaardt, Mariana Horta, Thomaz Dantas Illustrator: Super Lúdico Art Buyers: Sophie D.Lanes, Márcia Granja Published: April 2011. via adsoftheworld.com ...
OBJECTIVES. The average seroprevalence of the canine leishmaniosis in Spain is from the 1 to 3%, although it variates among regions of 6% in the county of Granada to overcome 15% in endemic areas of the island of Mallorca, Leishmania infantum is the only etiologic agent of the illness in Spain being the dog the main reservoir. The seroprevalence of the canine Leishmaniosis in Aragon varies among districts from 4% in Teruel until 9% in Zaragoza, existing areas in the Somontano of Huesca where this illness reaches 35%. There are many ways of diagnosing this illness, however their sensibility and specificity as well as their cost benefit is extremely variable. The ambiguity of the symptoms and the difficulties in the diagnosis force to the adoption of sensitive, specific, simple, economic diagnosing methods, and that they can also be developed under field conditions. With the present work our objective is, besides carrying out an epidemic study in a district that seems to present a number of cases ...
Figure 3d: DSA image shows hypertrophied right bronchial artery with pulmonary arterial shunting. Embolization of this artery was achieved with PVA.. CTPA that was done at the same time as the CXR showed mediastinal lymphadenopathy encasing the right pulmonary artery and resultant narrowing. No systemic collaterals could be seen on this study (Figs. 3b and 3c). However, flush aortic angiogram did reveal hypertrophied right bronchial artery with pulmonary arterial shunting (Fig. 3d). Embolization of the artery was achieved with PVA particles 500 µ. The patient had a temporary relief for two months; but she later suffered a massive bout of hemoptysis to which she succumbed.. Discussion. Chronic pulmonary artery narrowing may result from diverse causes like congenital, infectious, inflammatory and chronic thromboembolism.1 Infectious causes account for the majority of cases in our setting. This is due to a high prevalence of tuberculosis in India. Narrowing of pulmonary artery in the setting of ...
Looking for Angoulême, Margaret of? Find out information about Angoulême, Margaret of. see Margaret of Navarre Margaret of Navarre or Margaret of Angoulême , 1492-1549, queen consort of Navarre; sister of King Francis I of France. Explanation of Angoulême, Margaret of
Ramón Cisneros is co-head of the Labor and Employment Law Department at the Zaragoza office.. He has extensive experience in matters relating to collective labor disputes, occupational risk prevention, immigration law, social security law, and labor and social security inspection proceedings, thanks to his role as an officer of the Labor and Social Security Inspectors Corp since 1986, as well as his positions as Director of the Ministry of Labor in Tarragona (1992-1996) and Head of the Provincial Labor Inspectorate in Huesca (1998-1999) and Zaragoza (2002-2006).. He joined Garrigues in 2006.. He provides recurring advice on collective bargaining, criminal indictments in occupational accidents, collective layoff procedures, senior executive matters and occupational risk plans, among others, in addition to acting for clients in court proceedings in the labor, criminal and judicial review jurisdictions in all kinds of labor law matters.. He is a mediator for the Aragón Mediation and Arbitration ...

Child Development and the Social Demography of Childhood | Donald J. Hernandez | Academic RoomChild Development and the Social Demography of Childhood | Donald J. Hernandez | Academic Room

Additional income from relatives other than par- ents in the home had little effect on poverty trends after 1949, and the ... diminished in importance for cohorts born be- tween 1907-1911 and 1947-1951. Extending and re- fining this model, Blake (1985) ... although the combined effect on official poverty in 1993 was 7.5 percentage points for AFDC, public assistance, Food Stamps, ... found that decline in the effect of fathers education among white men who grew up in intact, two-parent families did not occur ...
more infohttp://www.academicroom.com/article/child-development-and-social-demography-childhood

Cohort effect - WikipediaCohort effect - Wikipedia

For example, cohort effects are critical issues in school enrollment. In order to determine whether a cohort effect is present ... Political socialization Socialization Cohort Effects on Earnings Profiles Cohort effect in Lung Function among Smokers. ... The term cohort effect is used in social science to describe variations in the characteristics of an area of study (such as the ... Cohorts in organizations are often defined by entry or birth date, and retain some common characteristic (size, cohesiveness, ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cohort_effect

The paradox of longer sperm telomeres in older mens testes: a birth-cohort effect caused by transgenerational telomere erosion...The paradox of longer sperm telomeres in older men's testes: a birth-cohort effect caused by transgenerational telomere erosion...

Thirdly, I propose that a birth-cohort effect is the underlying cause, although in this special case the other way round. The ... Recently, a high-profile study reported a negative birth-cohort effect on leukocyte mean telomere length in human populations, ... Accordingly, because of the resulting birth-cohort effect, there is no need for any paradoxical telomere lengthening in older ... The paradox of longer sperm telomeres in older mens testes: a birth-cohort effect caused by transgenerational telomere erosion ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s13039-016-0224-1

Birth cohort effect on latent tuberculosis infection prevalence, United States | BMC Infectious Diseases | Full TextBirth cohort effect on latent tuberculosis infection prevalence, United States | BMC Infectious Diseases | Full Text

... but not for cohorts born 1927-1946 (9% versus 7%). Adjustment for cohort restriction and foreign-birth did not qualitatively ... because of the birth cohort effect and waning immunologic reactivity. ... We examined the effects of birth cohort on LTBI prevalence over time. Using weighted data analysis software to account for ... LTBI prevalence was significantly lower in 1999-2000 compared to 1971-1972 for cohorts born in 1926 or earlier (19% versus 5 ...
more infohttps://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2334-10-206

Welcome to CDC stacks | Birth cohort effect on latent tuberculosis infection prevalence, United States - 3385 | CDC Public...Welcome to CDC stacks | Birth cohort effect on latent tuberculosis infection prevalence, United States - 3385 | CDC Public...

Cohort Effect Humans Latent Tuberculosis Middle Aged Parturition Prevalence Research Article United States ... but not for cohorts born 1927-1946 (9% versus 7%). Adjustment for cohort restriction and foreign-birth did not qualitatively ... because of the birth cohort effect and waning immunologic reactivity. ... We examined the effects of birth cohort on LTBI prevalence over time. Methods Using weighted data analysis software to account ...
more infohttps://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/3385

Lack of ageing cohort effect among sexually acquired HIV infections in Hong Kong. | DocphinLack of ageing cohort effect among sexually acquired HIV infections in Hong Kong. | Docphin

Lack of ageing cohort effect among sexually acquired HIV infections in Hong Kong. , International journal of STD & AIDS , 1/1/ ... Lack of ageing cohort effect among sexually acquired HIV infections in Hong Kong. K H Wong S S Lee K M Ho 1/1/2003 ... Lack of ageing cohort effect among sexually acquired HIV infections in Hong Kong. Int J STD AIDS. 2003;14(1):42-5. ... Ageing cohort effect was not apparent for the age pattern of sexually-acquired infections reported from 1987 to 2000, with the ...
more infohttps://www.docphin.com/research/article-detail/8002966/PubMedID-12590792/Lack-of-ageing-cohort-effect-among-sexually-acquired-HIV-infections-in-Hong-Kong

Genetic anticipation in BRCA1/BRCA2 families after controlling for ascertainment bias and cohort effect.  - PubMed - NCBIGenetic anticipation in BRCA1/BRCA2 families after controlling for ascertainment bias and cohort effect. - PubMed - NCBI

The anticipation effect for breast cancer remained significant after excluding the probands. There was a birth-cohort effect: ... The observed anticipation effect was driven mainly by a decrease in age of onset across birth cohorts, underscoring the need ... Genetic anticipation in BRCA1/BRCA2 families after controlling for ascertainment bias and cohort effect.. Guindalini RS1,2,3, ... Likewise, cohort effect, which may be caused by environmental factors, can be misinterpreted as genetic anticipation. ...
more infohttps://phgkb.cdc.gov/PHGKB/phgHome.action?action=forward&dbsource=phg&id=11653

10-Year Retinopathy Outcomes in the EDIC Cohort: Effect of the Original DCCT Treatment Group Assignment  | IOVS | ARVO Journals10-Year Retinopathy Outcomes in the EDIC Cohort: Effect of the Original DCCT Treatment Group Assignment | IOVS | ARVO Journals

10-Year Retinopathy Outcomes in the EDIC Cohort: Effect of the Original DCCT Treatment Group Assignment ... 10-Year Retinopathy Outcomes in the EDIC Cohort: Effect of the Original DCCT Treatment Group Assignment ... 10-Year Retinopathy Outcomes in the EDIC Cohort: Effect of the Original DCCT Treatment Group Assignment . Invest. Ophthalmol. ...
more infohttps://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2404083

The Apparent Genetic Anticipation in PMS2-Associated Lynch Syndrome Families Is Explained by Birth-cohort Effect.  - PubMed -...The Apparent Genetic Anticipation in PMS2-Associated Lynch Syndrome Families Is Explained by Birth-cohort Effect. - PubMed -...

We used weighted Cox-type random effects model, adjusted by birth cohort and sex, to estimate the generational effect on the ... Birth-cohort effect seems the most likely explanation for observed younger colorectal cancer diagnosis in subsequent ... However, after correction for birth cohort and sex, the effect vanished [HR = 1.302 (95% CI, 0.648-2.619) and HR = 1.074 (95% ... The Apparent Genetic Anticipation in PMS2-Associated Lynch Syndrome Families Is Explained by Birth-cohort Effect.. Ten Broeke ...
more infohttps://phgkb.cdc.gov/PHGKB/phgHome.action?action=forward&dbsource=phg&id=24369

The paradox of longer sperm telomeres in older mens testes: a birth-cohort effect caused by transgenerational telomere erosion...The paradox of longer sperm telomeres in older men's testes: a birth-cohort effect caused by transgenerational telomere erosion...

Thirdly, I propose that a birth-cohort effect is the underlying cause, although in this special case the other way round. The ... Recently, a high-profile study reported a negative birth-cohort effect on leukocyte mean telomere length in human populations, ... Accordingly, because of the resulting birth-cohort effect, there is no need for any paradoxical telomere lengthening in older ... The paradox of longer sperm telomeres in older mens testes: a birth-cohort effect caused by transgenerational telomere erosion ...
more infohttps://molecularcytogenetics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13039-016-0224-1

Estrogen and Risk of Gastric Cancer: A Protective Effect in a Nationwide Cohort Study of Patients with Prostate Cancer in...Estrogen and Risk of Gastric Cancer: A Protective Effect in a Nationwide Cohort Study of Patients with Prostate Cancer in...

To evaluate the effect of tobacco smoking on the results we estimated the cohort members relative risk of lung cancer, which ... Estrogen and Risk of Gastric Cancer: A Protective Effect in a Nationwide Cohort Study of Patients with Prostate Cancer in ... Estrogen and Risk of Gastric Cancer: A Protective Effect in a Nationwide Cohort Study of Patients with Prostate Cancer in ... Estrogen and Risk of Gastric Cancer: A Protective Effect in a Nationwide Cohort Study of Patients with Prostate Cancer in ...
more infohttp://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/13/12/2203

RePub, Erasmus University Repository:
  Protocol for a prospective, longitudinal cohort study on the effect of arterial disease...RePub, Erasmus University Repository: Protocol for a prospective, longitudinal cohort study on the effect of arterial disease...

Protocol for a prospective, longitudinal cohort study on the effect of arterial disease level on the outcomes of supervised ... longitudinal cohort study on the effect of arterial disease level on the outcomes of supervised exercise in intermittent ... The aim of the Effect of Disease Level on Outcomes of Supervised Exercise in Intermittent Claudication Registry is to determine ... Methods and analysis This multicentre prospective cohort study aims to enrol 320 patients in 10 vascular centres across the ...
more infohttps://repub.eur.nl/pub/118245

Effect of Age, Birth Cohort, and Period of Death on Cerebrovascular Mortality in Spain, 1952 Through 1991 | StrokeEffect of Age, Birth Cohort, and Period of Death on Cerebrovascular Mortality in Spain, 1952 Through 1991 | Stroke

Cohort effect relates to lifelong exposure to disease risk factors shared by a whole generation, and period effect relates to ... Results An exponential age effect was present for both sexes regardless of cohort or period. A definite downward period effect ... and this held constant even when the general trend was assigned wholly to the cohort effect. Such a declining period effect ... Effect of Age, Birth Cohort, and Period of Death on Cerebrovascular Mortality in Spain, 1952 Through 1991. M.J. Medrano, G. ...
more infohttp://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/28/1/40

What is aesthetic development in children? | Reference.comWhat is aesthetic development in children? | Reference.com

What is the cohort effect?. * Q: What is the importance of general psychology?. ... Depending on whether the environment is an ugly or beautiful one, this can have a healthy or an unhealthy effect on self-esteem ...
more infohttps://www.reference.com/world-view/aesthetic-development-children-e00f2831e52df369

Small population bias and sampling effects in stochastic mortality modelling | SpringerLinkSmall population bias and sampling effects in stochastic mortality modelling | SpringerLink

4.2 Projecting the cohort effect. As mentioned earlier we fit an AR(1) model to the cohort effect. We will not investigate how ... 2g suggests that the estimates of cohort effect at \(c=1946\) is approximately zero and the effect of scaling cohort estimates ... Note: We forecast the cohort effect from the last sixth cohort instead of the very last one due to the cohort removal. The ... Note that we scaled the cohort effect by \(\lambda\) units instead of shifting it since shifting the cohort effect would result ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13385-016-0143-x

A multicentre cohort study assessing day of week effect and outcome from emergency appendicectomy | BMJ Quality & SafetyA multicentre cohort study assessing day of week effect and outcome from emergency appendicectomy | BMJ Quality & Safety

A multicentre cohort study assessing day of week effect and outcome from emergency appendicectomy ... A multicentre cohort study assessing day of week effect and outcome from emergency appendicectomy ... Method Multicentre cohort study during May-June 2012 from 95 centres (89 within the UK). The primary outcome was the 30-day ...
more infohttps://qualitysafety.bmj.com/content/23/9/732.short

Is the Shape of the Age-Crime Curve Invariant by Sex? Evidence from a National Sample with Flexible Non-parametric Modeling |...Is the Shape of the Age-Crime Curve Invariant by Sex? Evidence from a National Sample with Flexible Non-parametric Modeling |...

Appendix 3: Cohort Effect. Cohort effect refers to the influence for a specific cohort due to the year they were born ( ... Appendix 2: Period Effect. Period effect refers to the influence specific to a particular historical time period (Farrington, ... prevalence of self-reported arrest by sex and age: cohort 1985 versus cohort 1989 ... Figure 7 indicates two out of the five cohorts on the arrest rates by cohort and age. As it is clearly shown, for both male and ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10940-014-9225-6

A Retrospective Cohort Study on Payor Type and the Effect on Revisions in Breast ReconstructionA Retrospective Cohort Study on Payor Type and the Effect on Revisions in Breast Reconstruction

... ... A retrospective cohort study was created including patients who underwent breast reconstruction at the authors institution ...
more infohttps://insights.ovid.com/pubmed?PMID=28953717

Increasing incidence of colorectal cancer in young adults in Europe over the last 25 years | GutIncreasing incidence of colorectal cancer in young adults in Europe over the last 25 years | Gut

We set out to distinguish between a period effect and a cohort effect. While a period effect results from external factors that ... In the USA, the increase in CRC incidence was explained by a cohort effect. Our data support a similar effect in Europe. The ... a cohort effect represents variations resulting from unique exposure of a specific birth cohort. To this aim, we identified for ... Period or cohort effect. We assessed by means of sensitivity analysis whether the increase in incidence was a period or a ...
more infohttps://gut.bmj.com/content/68/10/1820?ijkey=4d4df0f850df4d23041bc132c18b8f6b7f3d71a0&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

The net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs. A cohort study | BMJ OpenThe net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs. A cohort study | BMJ Open

The net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs. A cohort study ... The net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs. A cohort study ...
more infohttps://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/6/e001678.alerts

Genetics of bipolar disorder | Journal of Medical GeneticsGenetics of bipolar disorder | Journal of Medical Genetics

SECULAR CHANGES (FOR EXAMPLE, BIRTH COHORT EFFECT). A change in the measured rate of mood disorder in successive birth cohorts ... 1994) Diminished recall and the cohort effect of major depression: a simulation study. Psychol Med 24:375-383. ... This effect complicates prevalence dependent analysis of data that include differing birth cohorts, further reducing the ... this effect may be an artefact of research methodology12and the effect has been less clearly shown in bipolar disorder than in ...
more infohttps://jmg.bmj.com/content/36/8/585

Effect of infant feeding practices on iron status in a cohort study of Bolivian infants | RTIEffect of infant feeding practices on iron status in a cohort study of Bolivian infants | RTI

This study aimed to estimate the effect of the length of EBF on iron status at 6 - 8 months of age among a cohort of Bolivian ... This study aimed to estimate the effect of the length of EBF on iron status at 6 - 8 months of age among a cohort of Bolivian ... Effect of infant feeding practices on iron status in a cohort study of Bolivian infants. ... Effect of infant feeding practices on iron status in a cohort study of Bolivian infants. BMC Pediatrics, 18(107), [107]. https ...
more infohttps://www.rti.org/publication/effect-infant-feeding-practices-iron-status-cohort-study-bolivian-infants

Effect of anxiolytic and hypnotic drug prescriptions on mortality hazards: retrospective cohort study | The BMJEffect of anxiolytic and hypnotic drug prescriptions on mortality hazards: retrospective cohort study | The BMJ

Effect of anxiolytic.... *Effect of anxiolytic and hypnotic drug prescriptions on mortality hazards: retrospective cohort study ... Effect of anxiolytic and hypnotic drug prescriptions on mortality hazards: retrospective cohort study BMJ 2014; 348 :g1996 ... Effect of anxiolytic and hypnotic drug prescriptions on mortality hazards: retrospective cohort study. BMJ 2014; 348 doi: https ... Effect of anxiolytic and hypnotic drug prescriptions on mortality hazards: retrospective cohort study ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/348/bmj.g1996

The net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs. A cohort study | BMJ OpenThe net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs. A cohort study | BMJ Open

The net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs. A cohort study ... The net effect of smoking on healthcare and welfare costs. A cohort study ... However, if each lost quality adjusted life year is considered to be worth €22 200, the net effect is reversed to be €70 200 (€ ... However, when a monetary value for life years lost was taken into account, the beneficial net effect of non-smoking to society ...
more infohttps://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/6/e001678.abstract
  • Using weighted data analysis software to account for NHANES survey design, we calculated the difference in LTBI prevalence between 1971-1972 and 1999-2000 for birth cohorts corresponding to 5-year intervals (1912-1916, 1917-1921,1922-1926, 1927-1931, 1932-1936, 1937-1941, 1942-1946). (biomedcentral.com)
  • however, neither study examined LTBI in the same birth cohorts over time. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Methods Deaths due to cerebrovascular diseases in the period from 1952 through 1991 and the corresponding population figures were grouped into 11 age groups and 8 5-year periods, from which age-specific mortality rates for 18 birth cohorts were then computed. (ahajournals.org)
  • A total of 22,929 women aged ≥45 years in 1997 without previous diagnosis of breast cancer were enrolled and stratified into two birth cohorts born before or after 1933. (mdpi.com)
  • To test the hypothesis that estrogen protects against the development of gastric cancer, we identified a large cohort of men exposed to therapy with high doses of estrogen, that is, men with prostate cancer diagnosed in Sweden during the period 1961 and 1980 ( 17 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Conclusions In this large cohort of patients attending UK primary care, anxiolytic and hypnotic drugs were associated with significantly increased risk of mortality over a seven year period, after adjusting for a range of potential confounders. (bmj.com)
  • This paper asks whether the age-crime curve from age 12-30 is invariant by sex using a contemporary, nationally representative sample of youth, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort (NLSY97). (springer.com)
  • Cohort effect relates to lifelong exposure to disease risk factors shared by a whole generation, and period effect relates to factors that simultaneously affect the whole population, such as the introduction of widely available medical care and changes in diagnostic or cause-of-death coding practices. (ahajournals.org)
  • Cohorts corresponding to birth years were constructed in 5-year intervals (1912-1916, 1917-1921,1922-1926, 1927-1931, 1932-1936, 1937-1941, 1942-1946) based on available 1971-1972 and 1999-2000 NHANES data by age. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thus, we could not report comparisons for people born before 1912, and the comparison for people who in 1971-1972 were age 55-59 years (1912-1916 birth cohort) includes in 1999-2000 all people age 83 or older (born in 1916 or earlier). (biomedcentral.com)
  • We report data by birth cohort years and corresponding ages. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Figure 1 displays LTBI prevalence estimates and associated 95% CI by birth cohort years and NHANES sample year. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ageing cohort effect was not apparent for the age pattern of sexually-acquired infections reported from 1987 to 2000, with the annual median ages ranged from 31.5 to 36 years (regression coefficient 0.14, 95% confidence interval -0.14 to 0.42, P = 0.295). (docphin.com)
  • If the decreasing period effect fails to offset this increase, future years may see a deceleration in the current decline in stroke mortality. (ahajournals.org)
  • However, when a monetary value for life years lost was taken into account, the beneficial net effect of non-smoking to society was about €70 000 per individual. (bmj.com)
  • A measure of social impairment using the Skills and Behavior Interview from the most recent follow-up of this cohort was found to be consistent with Wing's definition of social impairment, when applied to the cohort 12 years after deinsitutionalization. (edu.au)
  • By using mutation probabilities as analytical weights in weighted random-effect models, generational differences in the age at onset of breast/ovarian cancer were calculated. (cdc.gov)
  • Future studies comparing these three cohorts at more advanced age are required to further investigate whether differences emerge later in life. (nih.gov)
  • Although older age groups have higher rates of TB infection than younger groups, nationally representative U.S. survey data suggest that observed LTBI prevalence in older people represents an underestimate of infection, because of the birth cohort effect and waning immunologic reactivity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The difference in breast cancer age of onset across generations was no longer significant after adjusting for birth-cohort effect. (cdc.gov)
  • We tested the hypothesis that estrogen prevents gastric cancer in a cohort of men heavily exposed to estrogen. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We assessed the risk of gastric cancer in this cohort compared with the entire comparable background population of Sweden. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In conclusion, a longer duration of current HRT use was associated with a higher risk of breast cancer independent of the birth-cohort difference. (mdpi.com)
  • The relationship between fermented food intake and mortality risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands cohort. (openrepository.com)
  • A definite downward period effect was observable from 1962 to 1991, except for a sharp fall and peak in the periods 1967 to 1971 and 1972 to 1976, respectively, which was possibly ascribable to changes in diagnostic and coding practices. (ahajournals.org)
  • Cohort studies published before July 2017 were selected through English-language literature searches in several databases. (mdpi.com)
  • Accordingly, because of the resulting birth-cohort effect, there is no need for any paradoxical telomere lengthening in older men's gonads to interpret the old-father-long-telomered-offspring data. (springer.com)
  • Newspaper market does not target only the older cohort, young cohorts are also the targeted consumers of newspapers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Comparing older cohorts to the younger, the way how the young cohort groups socialized is different, there is a negative cohort effect that the younger tend to read less. (wikipedia.org)
  • The newspaper readership gap between young cohorts and the older cohorts is widened. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even older cohorts remain the habit of reading newspaper but the amount of them is decreasing as they are aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • The young cohorts which assumed to replace the older cohorts on newspaper readership have shift to access online news. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to this model, telomeres in the testes of elderly males are longer than those in young males because the seniors are members of a previous generation (=birth-cohort effect) and therefore skipped, on average, one female-based intergenerational telomere loss. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There was no significant difference between cohorts in the number of self-reported chronic conditions and chronic symptoms as well as the presence of difficulty in basic activities of daily living, depressive symptoms, fear of disease and negative self-perception of ageing. (nih.gov)
  • Average age of reading newspaper increase because of this cohort and created the result that newspaper readership is aging. (wikipedia.org)
  • Participants will receive standard care, meaning supervised exercise therapy first, with endovascular or open revascularisation in case of insufficient effect (at the discretion of patient and vascular surgeon). (eur.nl)
  • Cohorts in organizations are often defined by entry or birth date, and retain some common characteristic (size, cohesiveness, competition) that can affect the organization. (wikipedia.org)